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Treaty of Peace Regulations

Authoritative Version
SR 1920 No. 25 Regulations as amended, taking into account amendments up to SR 1959 No. 15
Administered by: Finance; Foreign Affairs and Trade
Start Date 05 Mar 1959
End Date 22 Sep 2012
Date of repeal 22 Sep 2012
Repealed by Other
Repealing Comments Enabling legislation repealed by Statute Law Revision Act 2012

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS



Compilation Information

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Treaty of Peace Regulations

Statutory Rules 1920 No. 25 as amended
made under the
Treaty of Peace (Germany) Act 1919
This compilation was prepared on 24 October 2002
taking into account amendments up to SR 1959 No. 15
Prepared by the Office of Legislative Drafting,
Attorney-General's Department, Canberra

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
Part I General

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 1
Citation [see Note 1]

These Regulations may be cited as the Treaty of Peace Regulations.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 1A
Parts

These Regulations are divided into Parts as follows:

Part I — General; and

Part II — Papua and New Guinea.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 2
Interpretation

In this Part of these Regulations, unless the contrary intention appears:

enemy debt has the same meaning as in paragraph 2 of the annex to Section III of Part X of the Treaty, and includes any sum which under the Treaty is to be treated or dealt with in like manner as an enemy debt.

national, in relation to any country, includes the subjects or citizens of that country and any company or corporation incorporated therein according to the law of that country.

the Controller means the Controller of the Clearing Office appointed under these Regulations.

the Minister means the Treasurer.

the original owner means the owner of the property immediately prior to the date of the order by which the property was vested in the Public Trustee.

the Public Trustee means the Public Trustee appointed under the Trading with the Enemy Act 1914-1916.

the Treaty means the Treaty of Peace with Germany (including a protocol annexed thereto) signed at Versailles on the twenty-eighth day of June, One thousand nine hundred and nineteen, by representatives of the Commonwealth of Australia on behalf of His Majesty the King.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 2A
Non-application of regulations 20, 20A, 21 and 22 to Papua and New
Guinea

On the date of the commencement of this regulation, regulations 20, 20A, 21, and 22 of this Part of these Regulations shall cease to apply to the Territories of Papua and New Guinea:

Provided that this regulation shall not affect the validity of anything done under this Part of these Regulations prior to the commencement of this regulation.


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TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 3
Operations of Sections III to VII of Part X of the Treaty

Sections III to VII of Part X of the Treaty, which are set out in the First Schedule to these Regulations, shall have full force and effect on and as from the commencement of these Regulations.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 4
Establishment of Clearing Office

For the purpose of giving effect to the provisions of the Treaty in relation to the collection and payment of enemy debts there shall be a Clearing Office which shall be controlled and managed by the Controller who shall be appointed by the Governor-General.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 4A
Delegation by Minister

(1)
The Minister may, in relation to any particular matters or class of matters, or to any particular State or part of the Commonwealth or Territory under the authority of the Commonwealth, by writing under his hand, delegate to the Public Trustee, or the Controller, all or any of his powers and functions under these Regulations (except this power of delegation), so that the delegated powers and functions may be exercised by the Public Trustee or the Controller, as the case may be, with respect to the matters or class of matters, or the State or part of the Commonwealth or Territory specified in the instrument of delegation.

(2)
Every delegation under this regulation shall be revocable at will, and no delegation shall prevent the exercise of any power by the Minister.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 5
Delegation by Controller

(1)
The Controller or Public Trustee may, in relation to any particular matters or class of matters, or to any particular State or part of the Commonwealth or Territory under the authority of the Commonwealth, by writing under his hand delegate all or any of his powers and functions under these Regulations (except this power of delegation) so that the delegated powers and functions may be exercised by the delegate with respect to the matters or class of matters, or the State or part of the Commonwealth or Territory specified in the instrument of delegation.

(2)
Every delegation under this section shall be revocable at will, and no delegation shall prevent the exercise of any power by the Controller or Public Trustee as the case may be.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 6
Appointment of officers

The Governor-General may appoint such other officers of the Clearing Office as he deems necessary.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 7
Enemy debts to be paid through Clearing Office only

Subject to these Regulations:

(a)
any person who pays or accepts payment of any enemy debt otherwise than through the Clearing Office; and

(b)
any person who, being interested as debtor or creditor in any such debt, has, except through or by leave of the Clearing Office (proof whereof shall lie upon him), any communication with any other person who is interested therein as creditor or debtor;


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shall be guilty of an offence against these Regulations.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 8
Proceedings not to be taken in courts

Any person who, except as provided by paragraphs 16, 23, and 25 of the Annex to Section III of Part X of the Treaty, takes proceedings in any Court for the recovery of any enemy debt, shall be guilty of an offence against these Regulations.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 9
Power of Clearing Office to enforce payment of debts

(1)
The Clearing Office shall have power to enforce the payment of any enemy debt against the person by whom the debt is due, together with such interest as is payable under paragraph 22 of the Annex to Section III of Part X of the Treaty, and for that purpose shall have all the rights and powers which would, but for these Regulations, be exercisable by the creditor.

(2)
If the debt has been admitted by the debtor, or the debt or amount thereof has been found by arbitration or by the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal or by a Court of law in pursuance of paragraph 16 of the Annex to Section III of Part X of the Treaty, to be due, the Clearing Office may certify the amount so admitted or found due, and on production of that certificate to the proper officer of the Supreme Court of the State or the Superior Court of the Territory in which the debtor resides, the certificate shall be registered by that officer and shall, from the date of registration, be of the same force and effect, and all proceedings may be taken thereon as if the certificate were a judgment obtained in that Court for the recovery of a debt of the amount specified in the certificate and entered upon the date of registration, and all reasonable costs and charges attendant upon the registration of the certificate shall be recoverable in like manner as if they were part of the judgment.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 10
Recovery of fines for wrongful claim of, or refusal to admit, a
debt

The Clearing Office may recover from any person by whom a fine is payable under paragraph 10 of the Annex to Section III of Part X of the Treaty the amount of that fine.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 11
Power of Controller to take proceedings

(1)
The Controller may take proceedings for and on behalf of the Clearing Office and may sue and be sued in his official name.

(2)
In any proceedings taken by or against the Controller in pursuance of these Regulations, costs may be awarded to or against the Controller.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 12
Commission

The Clearing Office may deduct from any amount payable by the Clearing Office to a creditor such commission, not exceeding 2*1*/2 per centum of the amount payable, as is fixed by the Clearing Office.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 13
Notice of debts due

The notice to be given by a creditor in pursuance of paragraph 5 of the Annex to Article 296 of the Treaty shall be supported by a statutory declaration and shall be in accordance with the Form in the Second Schedule to these Regulations.


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TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 14
Failure by creditors to give notice of debts due

If any creditor refuses or fails to give such notice or to furnish such documents or information as are mentioned in paragraph 5 of the Annex to Section III of Part X of the Treaty, he shall be guilty of an offence against these Regulations.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 15
False notice or admission of debt

Any person who collusively gives notice of or admits any debt which is not due, or furnishes any false information with respect to any debt, shall be guilty of an offence against these Regulations.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 15A
Inspection of documents

(1)
Where it appears to a proper authority that an offence has been, or is likely to be, committed by any person, firm, or company against these Regulations, or that it is desirable for the purpose of these Regulations to inspect the books, documents and goods of any person, firm, or company, the proper authority or an authorized person may:

(a)
require any person, firm, or company in the control or possession of whom or which any books, documents or goods belonging to the person, firm, or company are, or are suspected by the proper authority to be, to produce the books, documents or goods for his inspection;

(b)
require any person, firm, or company whom or which the proper authority believes to be able to give information or produce books or documents respecting the business or trade of the person, firm, or company to give that information or produce those books or documents;

(c)
if accompanied by an officer of the Commonwealth Public Service search any house, premises, or place, used or believed by the proper authority to be used in connexion with the business or trade of the person, firm, or company or in which the proper authority believes there are any books, documents or goods belonging to or respecting the business or trade of, the person, firm or company; and

(d)
if thought fit, impound any books, documents or goods belonging to, or respecting the business or trade of, the person, firm, or company.

(2)
Any person who obstructs or interferes with any authorized person in the exercise of any power conferred upon him in pursuance of this regulation, and any person, firm, or company who or which refuses or fails to produce any books, documents or goods or to give any information when required to do so in pursuance of this regulation shall be guilty of an offence.

Penalty:   Five hundred pounds or imprisonment for one year, or both.

(3)
Where a person, firm, or company has given any information to an authorized person, the information so given may be used in evidence against him or it in any proceedings relating to offences against these Regulations, notwithstanding that he or it only gave the information on being required to do so by the authorized person in pursuance of his powers under this regulation.

(4)
For the purposes of this regulation:

authorized person means a person authorized in writing by a proper authority, and includes a proper authority.

proper authority means the Controller, the Public Trustee, the Custodian of Expropriated Property appointed under regulation 32 of these Regulations or any delegate to whom the Controller, the Public Trustee or the Custodian of Expropriated Property has delegated his powers and functions under these Regulations.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 15B
Incriminating answer or production of documents

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No person shall in any proceeding for an offence against these Regulations be excused from answering any question or producing any book or document on the ground that the answer or production may criminate or tend to criminate him, but his answer shall not be admissable in evidence against him in any criminal proceeding other than a prosecution for perjury or proceedings under these Regulations.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 16
Application of Regulations to nationals of Allied or Associated
Powers

If the Governor-General by notice published in the Gazette declares that an agreement to that effect applicable to the Commonwealth has been made with any of the other Allied or Associated Powers, the provisions of these Regulations, so far as they relate to enemy debts, shall apply to debts due to or from the nationals of that Power resident in the Commonwealth or a Territory under the authority of the Commonwealth in like manner as they apply to debts due to or from British nationals so resident.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 17
Admission as evidence of documents issued by the Clearing
Office

(1)
Any document purporting to be an order or other instrument issued by the Clearing Office and to be signed by the Controller or by any person thereto authorized by him shall be admitted in evidence, and shall, in the absence of proof to the contrary, be deemed to be that order or instrument.

(2)
A certificate signed by the Controller that an order or other instrument purporting to be made or issued by the Clearing Office is so made or issued shall be conclusive evidence of the facts so certified.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 18
Decisions of Mixed Arbitral Tribunal

All decisions of the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal constituted under Section VI of Part X of the Treaty, if within the jurisdiction of that Tribunal, shall be final and conclusive and binding on all Courts.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 19
Power to summon witnesses and require production of
documents

For the purpose of proceeding before the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal, the Minister shall have the same powers as regards summoning witnesses, and requiring the production of documents before the Tribunal as if he were a Royal Commission appointed under the Royal Commissions Act 1902-1912 and the proceedings were an inquiry before the Royal Commission, and any person who, when so summoned as a witness or required to produce documents, refuses or fails so to do, or to be sworn or to answer questions, shall be guilty of an offence.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 20
Property of German nationals — how charged

(1)
All property, rights and interests within the Commonwealth or any Territory under the authority of the Commonwealth belonging to German nationals at the date when the Treaty comes into force (not being property rights or interests acquired under any general licence issued by or on behalf of the Commonwealth or any authority thereof), and the net proceeds of their sale, liquidation or other dealings therewith, are hereby charged:

(a)
firstly, with payment of the amounts due in respect of claims by British nationals with regard to their property, rights and interests, including companies and associations in which they are interested, in German territory, and debts owing to them by German nationals, and with payment of any compensation awarded by the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal, or by an Arbitrator appointed by that Tribunal in pursuance of paragraph (e) of Article 297 of the Treaty, and with payment of claims growing out of acts committed by the German Government or by German authorities since the thirty-first day of July, and before the fourth day of August, One thousand nine hundred and fourteen:


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Provided that payments in respect of the claims of British nationals for the proceeds of the liquidation of their property, rights and interests mentioned in section IV of Part X of the Treaty and in the annex thereto, and for the enemy debts owing to them referred to in Article 296 of the Treaty shall rank in priority to any of the other payments mentioned in this paragraph; and

(b)
secondly, with payment of the amounts due in respect of claims by British nationals with regard to their property, rights and interests in the territories of Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Turkey, in so far as those claims are not otherwise satisfied:

Provided that any particular property, rights or interests so charged may at any time be released by the Public Trustee, acting under the general direction of the Minister, from the charge so created.

(1AA)
Nothing in the last preceding subregulation shall be deemed to authorize the net proceeds of the sale, liquidation or other dealing with the property, rights and interests, within the Commonwealth or any Territory under the authority of the Commonwealth, belonging to German nationals at the date when the Treaty comes into force, being charged with any amount due in respect of claims by British nationals representing law costs incurred by or due to them in relation to legal proceedings instituted by German nationals during the war.

(1A)
Where the Public Trustee, whether before or after the commencement of this subregulation, releases any property rights or interests from the charges specified in the last preceding subregulation, the release shall, where the property, rights or interests have been vested in the Public Trustee, have the effect of revesting the property rights or interests in the original owner, or, where the original owner is dead or bankrupt, in his personal representative or the official assignee of his property, as the case may be.

(1B)
The publication in the Gazette of any release to which the preceding subregulation applies shall be conclusive evidence of the revesting under that subregulation of the property rights or interests referred to in the release.

(1C)
Where any property rights or interests are, in pursuance of this regulation, revested in any person, that person shall not be entitled as against the Commonwealth or any authority thereof, to compensation or damages in respect of any action taken by the Commonwealth or any such authority in respect of the property rights or interests prior to their being revested in pursuance of this regulation.

(1D)
The Controller may make the payments mentioned in subregulation (1) of this regulation out of funds made available to him by the Public Trustee, which funds the Public Trustee is hereby authorized to make available out of the proceeds of the realization of property, rights and interests charged by that subregulation:

Provided that where the claim of a British national arises out of an agreement made subsequently to the coming into force of the Treaty, the Controller may, if he thinks fit, decline to pay the amount of the claim out of the funds made available to him under this regulation.

(1E)
Payments authorized by the last preceding subregulation to be made to:

(a)
British nationals who were on the tenth day of January, 1920, resident in the Commonwealth or in a Territory under the authority of the Commonwealth;

(b)
British nationals born in Australia who were on the tenth day of January, 1920, resident outside the Commonwealth or any Territory under the authority of the Commonwealth; and

(c)
Persons who were on the tenth day of January, 1920, British nationals by virtue of their having been naturalized in the Commonwealth, and who were on that date resident outside the Commonwealth or any Territory under the authority of the Commonwealth;

shall be made in priority to payments so authorized to be made to other British nationals.

(1F)
Notwithstanding anything contained in this regulation the Public Trustee may, in such cases as he thinks fit, satisfy out of the property, rights and interests of any German national charged under these Regulations claims made against such property, rights and interests for payments which are charges under paragraph (a) or (b) or subregulation (1) of this regulation.

(1G)
The Controller or the Public Trustee, as the case requires, may deduct from any amount payable by him under this regulation a commission not exceeding two and one-half per centum of the amount payable.

(2)
Any person who, without the consent of the Public Trustee, transfers, parts with, or otherwise deals in any property, right or interest so charged, shall be guilty of an offence against these Regulations.

(3)
Every person owning or having the control or management of any property right or interest so charged (including, where the property right or interest consists of shares, stocks, or other securities issued by a company, municipal authority or other body or any right or interest therein), that company authority or body shall, unless particulars thereof have already been furnished to the Public Trustee in accordance with the Trading with the Enemy Act 1914-1916, within one month after the date of the commencement of these Regulations, by notice in writing communicate the fact to the Public Trustee, and shall within one month after being required in writing so to do furnish the Public Trustee with such particulars in relation thereto as the Public Trustee requires, and if any person fails to do so he shall be guilty of an offence against these Regulations.

(4)
If any person called upon to pay any money or to transfer or otherwise to deal with any property rights or interests has reason to suspect that the same are subject to a charge under this regulation, he shall, before paying, transferring, or dealing with the property rights or interests, report the matter to the Public Trustee, and comply with any directions that the Public Trustee gives with respect thereto, and if any person fails to comply with the provisions of this subregulation he shall be guilty of an offence against these Regulations.


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(5) The Minister may by order vest in the Public Trustee any property, rights and interests so charged, or the right to transfer the same, and for that purpose section 91 of the Trading with the Enemy Act 1914-1916 shall apply as if the property, rights and interests were property belonging to an enemy or enemy subject.

(6)
Where the property charged consists of inscribed or registered stock, shares, or other securities, any company, municipal authority, or other body by whom the securities were issued or are managed shall, on the application of the Public Trustee, enter the Public Trustee in the books in which the securities are inscribed or registered as the proprietor of the securities so charged, and the Public Trustee shall, subject to the approval of the Minister, have power to sell or otherwise deal with the securities as proprietor of which he is so registered or inscribed.

(7)
Where the property, right or interest vested in the Public Trustee by the Minister consists of land or any estate or interest in land, and a copy of the vesting order, certified under the hand of the Public Trustee, is lodged with the Registrar-General or Registrar of Titles or other proper officer of the State or part of the Commonwealth in which the land is situated, he shall whether the duplicate grant or certificate of title in respect of the property is produced or not, register it in the register and in the manner as nearly as may be in which dealings with land or any estate or interest therein are registered, and shall deal with and give effect to the registration as if it were a grant or conveyance or memorandum or instrument of transfer of the land or estate or interest therein to the Public Trustee duly executed under the laws in force in that State or part of the Commonwealth.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 20A
Maintenance of certain dependants

Notwithstanding anything contained in these Regulations there may, if the Governor-General so directs, be paid out of the net proceeds of any property retained by the Commonwealth under Article 297 of the Treaty, such sums as the Public Trustee deems sufficient for the maintenance in the Commonwealth of the wife and children of the person to whom the property belonged immediately prior to the coming into force of the Treaty:

Provided that no sums shall be paid in pursuance of this regulation:

(a)
after the expiration of three years from the commencement thereof; or

(b)
in cases where the wife was not, prior to her marriage, a natural-born British subject.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 20B
Revocation of vesting orders by Minister

(1)
The Minister may by order revoke, either wholly or in part, any order made in pursuance of subregulation (5) of regulation 20 of these Regulations.

(2)
An order made under this regulation shall, as respects property of any description in any State or part of the Commonwealth, be sufficient to revest in the original owner or owners any property or the right to transfer any property as provided by the order, without the necessity of any further re-conveyance, assurance, or document.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 20C
Commission to be charged by Public Trustee

(1)
The Public Trustee shall charge, in respect of his duties in connexion with real or personal property vested in him or paid to him or coming under his control in pursuance of these Regulations, a percentage on the value of the property in accordance with the following scale:


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5 per cent. on the first £100 or portion thereof;

2*1*/2 per cent. on the next £900 or portion thereof;

1*1*/2 per cent. on the next £4,000 or portion thereof;

1 per cent. on the next £5,000 or portion thereof;

*1*/2 per cent. on the next £20,000 or portion thereof;

*1*/4 per cent. on the value in excess of £30,000.

(2) The incidence of the charge as between capital and income shall be determined by the Public Trustee.

(3)
Fractional parts less than the moiety of the pound sterling shall be disregarded in the calculation of the amount payable for percentage under subregulation (1) of this regulation.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 20D
Registration of Public Trustee as registered proprietor of
land

Where:

(a)
the property right or interest vested in the Public Trustee by the Minister consists of the estate or interest in land of a national of the former German Empire as heir-at-law or devisee of a deceased registered proprietor of such land under the law in force in the State or part of the Commonwealth in which the land is situated; and

(b)
had such estate or interest not been vested in the Public Trustee and had the heir-at-law or devisee not been a national of the former German Empire, the heir-at-law or devisee would have been entitled under the said law to apply to be registered as proprietor of such estate or interest; and

(c)
a copy of the vesting order certified under the hand of the Public Trustee is lodged with the Registrar-General or Registrar of Titles or other proper officer of such State or part of the Commonwealth;

the Registrar-General, Registrar of Titles or other proper officer shall, whether the duplicate grant or Certificate of Title in respect of the land is produced or not, register such vesting order in the Register Book and in the manner as nearly as may be in which dealings with land or an estate or interest therein are registered and deal with and give effect to such vesting order as if the Public Trustee were the heir-at-law or devisee of the deceased registered proprietor and the vesting order were an application duly made under the said law by the Public Trustee as such heir-at-law or devisee to be registered as proprietor of such estate or interest.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 21
Transfer etc by German national prohibited

(1)
No person who is a German national shall, without the consent in writing of the Controller or Public Trustee, sell, transfer, mortgage, or otherwise dispose of any property, or enter into any contract or agreement for the sale, transfer, mortgage, or disposal of any property in which he has any estate or interest; and any person who commits a contravention of this subregulation shall be guilty of an offence.

(2)
Any sale, transfer, mortgage, disposal, contract or agreement, made, granted, or entered into, in contravention of this regulation, shall be void and of no effect.

(3)
Any sale, transfer, mortgage or disposal of property by a German national, and any contract or agreement for the sale, transfer, mortgage or disposal of property by a German national, made, granted, or entered into since the tenth day of January, One thousand nine hundred and twenty, and before the date of making this regulation, shall be absolutely void and of no effect.

(4)
The Controller or Public Trustee may, by notice in writing, exempt from the provisions of this regulation any transaction or class of transactions entered into by a German national.

(5)
In this regulation German national means a person who is a subject of Germany.


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TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 21A
Evidence of nationality of person dying on or after date of
commencement of Treaty

For the purpose of determining whether the estate or any part of the estate of a person who has died on or after the date on which the Treaty came into force is subject to a charge under regulation 20 of these Regulations, the Registrar of probates and administrations of the Supreme Court of a State or other officer authorized under the law of a State to issue probates or administrations may require any person applying for probate of the will of, or administration of the estate of, the deceased person to furnish the Registrar or other officer, as the case may be, with evidence, to the satisfaction of the Registrar or other officer, as to the nationality of the deceased person at the date on which the Treaty came into force.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 22
Power of Public Trustee to deal with money paid to him

(1)
The Public Trustee or the Controller may place on deposit with any bank, or invest in any securities approved by the Treasurer, any moneys paid to him under these Regulations, or received by him from property vested in him under these Regulations.

(2)
The Public Trustee or the Controller, as the case may be, shall deal in such manner as the Minister directs with any interest or dividends received on account of such deposits or investments.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 23
Recommencement of period of prescription

The time at which the period of prescription or limitation of right of action referred to in Article 300 of the Treaty shall begin again to run shall be at the expiration of six months after the coming into force of the Treaty, and the period to be allowed within which presentation of negotiable instruments for acceptance or payment and notice of non-acceptance or non-payment or protest may be made under Article 301 of the Treaty shall be ten months after the coming into force of the Treaty.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 24
Confirmation of Rules affecting closing of contracts

Rules made during the war by any recognized Exchange or Commercial Association providing for the closure of contracts entered into before the war by an enemy and any action taken thereunder are confirmed subject to the provisos contained in paragraph 4 (a) of the Annex to Section V of Part X of the Treaty.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 25
Power to defer payment

(1)
The Minister may defer, for such time not exceeding two years as he thinks fit, the payment of any amount owing by a debtor.

(2)
When the payment of an amount owing by a debtor has been deferred by the Minister the debtor shall pay interest at the rate of 5 per centum per annum on the amount of which payment is deferred and the interest shall be calculated from such date as is specified by the Controller.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 26
Application of Patents, Trade Marks and Designs Act to German
nationals

So far as may be necessary for the purpose of Article 307 of the Treaty, the Patents, Trade Marks and Designs Act 1914-1915 (except subsection (3) of section 3 thereof) and any regulations made thereunder, shall, in relation to German nationals, continue in force after the Treaty comes into force as if reference therein to subjects of a State at war with the King included references to German nationals.


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TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 27
Duly qualified Tribunal under Article 310 of Treaty

The duly qualified tribunal for the purposes of Article 310 of the Treaty shall be the Attorney-General of the Commonwealth.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 28
Audit of accounts

(1)
The accounts of the Controller and Public Trustee shall be subject to audit by the Auditor-General.

(2)
The Auditor-General, or any person thereto authorized in writing by the Auditor-General, may, in any case where he deems it necessary so to do, in connexion with the audit of the accounts of the Controller and Public Trustee, call upon any person firm or company to produce for inspection any books or documents held by that person firm or company which relate to any property, rights or interests in which the Public Trustee is interested and to furnish any explanations required by the Auditor-General or person so authorized, in connection with any such property, rights or interests.

(3)
Any such person, firm or company, who or which, on being required, in pursuance of this regulation, to produce any such books or documents, or to furnish any such explanations, refuses or fails to do so, shall be guilty of an offence against these Regulations.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 29
Prosecution of offences

Offences against these Regulations may be prosecuted summarily or upon indictment.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 30
Punishment of offences

The punishment for an offence against these Regulations shall be as follows:

(a)
If the offence is prosecuted summarily — a fine not exceeding Five hundred pounds or imprisonment for any term not exceeding twelve months, or both; and

(b)
If the offence is prosecuted upon indictment — a fine of any amount or imprisonment for not more than seven years, or both.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
Part II Papua and New Guinea

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 31
Interpretation

In this Part of these Regulations, unless the contrary intention appears:

Australian soldier means a person who is a member of the Forces as defined in section 23, section 100 or section 105 of the Australian Soldiers' Repatriation Act 1920-1949, and includes a person, being a British subject, who served with the Naval or Military Forces of any Australian Colony or any State of the Commonwealth of Australia in the South African War which commenced on the eleventh day of October One thousand eight hundred and ninety-nine and terminated on the thirty-first day of May One thousand nine hundred and two, and includes a company approved by the Custodian in which all the shares issued by the company are held by Australian soldiers and of which
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the Articles of Association contain a provision prohibiting the sale or transfer of shares in the company to persons who are not Australian soldiers and prohibiting the transfer of shares to Australian soldiers without the consent of the Custodian.

enemy debt has the same meaning as in Part I of these Regulations.

land includes any estate or interest in land.

nationals has the same meaning as in Part I of these Regulations.

plantation means property which is specified in the catalogue (if any) issued by the Custodian for the inspection of intending purchasers or in the notification published in pursuance of regulation 45 of these Regulations to be a plantation.

the Custodian means the Custodian of Expropriated Property appointed in pursuance of this Part of these Regulations.

the Minister means the Minister for the time being administering this Part of these Regulations.

the Treaty has the same meaning as in Part I of these Regulations.

trading station means a property which has been specified as a trading station in the catalogue (if any) issued by the Custodian for the inspection of intending purchasers or in the notification published in pursuance of regulation 45 of these Regulations to be a trading station.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 32
Appointment of Custodian of Expropriated Property in Papua and New
Guinea

The Governor-General may appoint a person to be the Custodian of Expropriated Property in relation to property rights and interests (not being property rights and interests acquired under any general licence issued by or on behalf of the Commonwealth or any authority thereof) within the Territories of Papua and New Guinea belonging at the date of the coming into force of the Treaty to German nationals.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 32A
Incorporation of Custodian

(1)
The Custodian of Expropriated Property shall be a corporation sole with perpetual succession and a seal of office with power to acquire, hold and dispose of real and personal property and capable of suing and being sued.

(2)
The application of this regulation shall extend to any vesting of property in the Custodian prior to the commencement of this regulation to the intent that that property shall be deemed to have been vested in the Custodian in his corporate capacity.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 33
Delegation by Custodian

(1)
The Custodian may, in relation to any particular matters or class of matters, or to any particular Territory by writing under his hand delegate all or any of his powers and functions under this Part of these Regulations (except this power of delegation) so that the delegated powers and functions may be exercised by the delegate with respect to the matters or class of matters, or the Territory specified in the instrument of delegation.

(2)
Every delegation under this regulation shall be revocable at will, and no delegation shall prevent the exercise of any power by the Custodian as the case may be.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 34
Vesting of property

All property rights and interests in the Territories of Papua and New Guinea which prior to the commencement of this regulation were vested in the Public Trustee under these Regulations shall upon the commencement of this regulation become vested in the Custodian.


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TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 35
Pending proceedings

In any proceedings and negotiations under these Regulations relating to property rights and interests in the Territories of Papua and New Guinea which are pending at the commencement of this regulation and to which the Public Trustee is a party the Custodian shall be substituted for the Public Trustee.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 36
Property in Papua and New Guinea of German nationals — how
charged

(1)
All property, rights and interests within the Territories of Papua and New Guinea belonging to German nationals at the date when the Treaty came into force (not being property rights or interests acquired under any general licence issued by or on behalf of the Commonwealth or any authority thereof), and the net proceeds of their sale, liquidation or other dealings therewith, are hereby charged:

(a)
firstly, with payment of the amounts due in respect of claims by British nationals with regard to their property, rights and interests, including companies and associations in which they are interested, in German territory, or debts owing to them by German nationals, and with payment of any compensation awarded by the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal, or by an Arbitrator appointed by that Tribunal in pursuance of paragraph (e) of Article 297 of the Treaty, and with payment of claims growing out of acts committed by the German Government or by German authorities since the thirty-first day of July, and before the fourth day of August, One thousand nine hundred and fourteen; and

(b)
secondly, with payment of the amounts due in respect of claims by British nationals with regard to their property, rights and interests in the Territories of Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Turkey, in so far as those claims are not otherwise satisfied:

Provided that any particular property, rights or interests so charged may at any time if the Governor-General thinks fit, be released from the charge so created.

(1A)
Where the Governor-General orders that any property, rights and interests be released from the charges specified in the last preceding subregulation, the order shall, where the property, rights and interests have been vested in the Custodian, have effect of revesting the property, rights and interests in the person to whom they belonged at the date of the coming into force of the Treaty or, where that person is dead or bankrupt, in his personal representative or the official assignee of his property, as the case may be.

(1AA)
Where an order is made by the Governor-General, either before or after the commencement of this subregulation, releasing, as an act of grace, any property, rights and interests from the charges specified in subregulation (1) of this regulation, the Governor-General may direct that the property, rights and interests released in pursuance of the order shall be subject to a charge, in favour of the Custodian of the amount of the payments, if any, made by way of sustenance allowance to the person whose property, rights and interests are released and thereupon such property, rights and interests shall, in the hands of any person in whom they revest by virtue of the order, be subject to that charge.

(1B)
The publication in the New Guinea Gazette of any order to which the preceding subregulation applies shall be conclusive evidence of the revesting under that subregulation of the property referred to in the order.

(1C)
Where property is, in pursuance of this regulation revested in any person that person shall not be entitled, as against the Commonwealth or the Administration of New Guinea or any authority of the Commonwealth or that Administration, to compensation or damages in respect of any action taken by the Commonwealth, the Administration or any such authority in respect of that property prior to its being revested in pursuance of this section.

(1D)
Notwithstanding anything contained in these Regulations where part only of any property, rights or interests is revested under this regulation in the person to whom the property, rights or interests belonged at the date of the coming into force of the Treaty, and the remainder thereof continues to be vested in the Custodian, the Custodian may sell the remainder to that person on such terms as the Custodian thinks fit:

Provided that the terms as to payment shall not in any case be more advantageous to the purchaser than those specified in paragraph (2) of regulation 50 of these Regulations, reading that paragraph as if:


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(a)
in subparagraph (a) there were substituted for the words `forwarded with the tender by way of deposit' the words `paid on the execution of the contract of sale by the purchaser'; and

(b)
in subparagraph (b) there were substituted for the words `that his tender has been accepted' the words `of the execution of the contract of sale by the Custodian'.

(1E)
Where, prior to its release under this regulation any property, rights or interests have been liquidated, the release shall apply to the proceeds of the property, rights or interests so liquidated and the Custodian may pay to the person in whose favour the property, rights or interests were released the proceeds of the liquidation, or their equivalent as determined by the Minister, subject to all proper deductions and allowances.

(1F)
The Custodian may make payments under the last preceding subregulation out of moneys arising from the sale or liquidation of property under these Regulations.

(2)
Any person who, without the consent of the Custodian transfers, parts with, or otherwise deals in any property, right or interest so charged, shall be guilty of an offence against this Part of these Regulations.

(3)
Every person owning or having the control or management of any property right or interest so charged (including, where the property right or interest consists of shares, stocks, or other securities issued by a company municipal authority or other body or any right or interest therein), that company authority or body shall, unless particulars thereof have already been furnished to the Public Trustee in accordance with the Trading with the Enemy Act 1914-1916, within one month after the date of the commencement of this Part of these Regulations, by notice in writing communicate the fact to the Custodian, and shall furnish the Custodian with such particulars in relation thereto as the Custodian requires, and if any person fails to do so he shall be guilty of an offence against this Part of these Regulations.

(4)
If any person called upon to pay any money or to transfer or otherwise to deal with any property rights or interests has reason to suspect that the same are subject to a charge under this regulation, he shall, before paying, transferring, or dealing with the property rights or interests, report the matter to the Custodian, and comply with any directions that the Custodian gives with respect thereto, and if any person fails to comply with the provisions of this subregulation he shall be guilty of an offence against this Part of these Regulations.

(5)
The Minister may by order vest in the Custodian any property rights and interests so charged, or the right to transfer the same, and for that purpose section 91 of the Trading with the Enemy Act 1914-1916 shall apply as if the property rights and interests were property belonging to an enemy or enemy subjects.

(6)
Where the property charged consists of inscribed or registered stock, shares, or other securities, any company, municipal authority, or other body by whom the securities were issued or are managed shall, on the application of the Custodian, enter the Custodian in the books in which the securities are inscribed or registered as the proprietor of the securities so charged, and the Custodian shall, subject to the approval of the Minister, have power to sell or otherwise deal with the securities as proprietor of which he is so registered or inscribed.

(7)
Where the property, right or interest vested in the Custodian by the Minister consists of land or any estate or interest in land, and a copy of the vesting order, certified under the hand of the Custodian, is lodged with the Registrar-General or Registrar of Titles, or other proper officer of the Territory in which the land is situated, he shall register it in the register and in the manner as nearly as may be in which dealings with land or any estate or interest therein are registered, and shall deal with and give effect to the notification as if it were a grant or conveyance or memorandum or instrument of transfer of the land or estate or interest therein to the Custodian duly executed under the laws in force in that Territory.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 36AA
Sale of shares in commercial partnership to person in whom other
shares have vested

(1)
Notwithstanding anything contained in these Regulations, where the property rights or interests revested in any person under the last preceding regulation consist of a share or shares in a commercial partnership (Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung), and the share or shares of the other partner or partners in that commercial partnership continue to be vested in the Custodian, the Custodian may sell to that person, on such terms and conditions as the Custodian thinks fit, the share or shares in that commercial partnership that continue to be vested in the Custodian:


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Provided that the terms as to payment shall not in any case be more advantageous to the purchaser than those specified in paragraph (2) of subregulation (1) of regulation 50 of these Regulations, reading that paragraph as if:

(a)
in subparagraph (a) there were substituted for the words `forwarded with the tender by way of deposit' the words `paid on the execution of the agreement by the purchaser'; and

(b)
in subparagraph (b) there were substituted for the words `that his tender has been accepted' the words `of the execution of the agreement by the Custodian'.

(2)
Until the whole of the purchase money and interest thereon is paid the purchaser shall not, except with the consent in writing of the Custodian and subject to such conditions as the Custodian imposes, be entitled:

(a)
to assign or transfer the whole or any of his rights under the agreement made between the purchaser and the Custodian for the sale of a share or shares in a commercial partnership or to charge those rights in any way with the payment of any money;

(b)
to sell transfer lease mortgage or otherwise dispose of or encumber any real property comprised in the assets of the commercial partnership or enter into any agreement for the sale transfer lease mortgage or disposal or encumbrance of any such real property.

(3)
Any sale transfer lease mortgage disposal encumbrance contract or agreement made granted or entered into in contravention of this regulation shall be void and of no effect.

(4)
Any agreement made by the Custodian under this regulation for the sale of a share or shares in a commercial partnership may confer upon the Custodian the power (to be exercised upon the default of the purchaser) of cancelling the agreement, and, in his discretion, forfeiting any moneys previously paid thereunder, and a power so conferred shall be valid and effectual notwithstanding any rule of law or equity to the contrary.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 36AB
Sale of shares held by Custodian in commercial partnership to
shareholder not a German national

(1)
Notwithstanding anything contained in these Regulations, where the property rights and interests vested in the Custodian consist of a share or shares in a commercial partnership (Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung), and the other share or shares in that commercial partnership is or are owned by a person who is not a German National, the Custodian may sell to that person, on such terms and conditions as the Custodian thinks fit, the share or shares in the commercial partnership vested in the Custodian.

(2)
The provisions of the proviso to subregulation (1) and of subregulations (2), (3) and (4) of the last preceding regulation shall apply mutatis mutandis to any sale by the Custodian in pursuance of this Regulation.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 36A
Revested property rights subject to conditions

(1)
Notwithstanding anything contained in these Regulations, property rights or interests revested in any person in pursuance of regulation 36 of these Regulations shall be held subject to the condition that the person in whom the property is revested:

(a)
shall not be guilty of any act of disloyalty to the Administration of the Territory or to the Commonwealth Government; and

(b)
shall not transfer or attempt to transfer such property rights or interests or any portion thereof except with the consent, in writing, of the Administrator.


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(2)
If the Minister is satisfied that any person in whom property rights or interests have been revested:

(a)
has been guilty of any act of disloyalty to the Administration of the Territory or to the Commonwealth Government; or

(b)
has transferred or attempted to transfer such property rights or interests or any portion thereof without the consent, in writing, of the Administrator;

he may cause a notification to that effect to be published in the New Guinea Gazette, and thereupon such property rights or interests shall become revested in the Custodian.

(3)
Any document purporting to transfer property rights or interests in contravention of this regulation shall be void and of no effect.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 36AC
Transfer of expropriated land required for public
purposes

(1)
Subject to this regulation the Custodian may transfer to the Administration of the Territory any land vested in the Custodian which is required for any public purpose.

(2)
Where the method of determining the amount of compensation to be paid by the Administration for any land so transferred is provided under a law or ordinance of the Territory, the Administration shall pay to the Custodian, and the Custodian may accept, the amount of compensation so determined.

(3)
Where the method of determining the amount of compensation to be paid by the Administration for any land so transferred is not provided under any law or ordinance of the Territory, the Administration shall pay to the Custodian, and the Custodian may accept, such amount of compensation as is mutually agreed upon.

(4)
In deciding upon the amount of any compensation payable under the last preceding subsection the Administrator and the Custodian shall have regard to the fair market value of the land, and the effect upon the value of adjacent lands of the Custodian of the public purpose for which the land transferred is to be used.

(5)
Where the Administrator and Custodian fail to agree as to the amount of any compensation payable under subregulation (3) of this regulation, the matter shall be decided by an umpire appointed by two persons of whom one is nominated by the Administrator and the other by the Custodian.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 37
Transfer etc by German national prohibited

(1)
No person who is a German national shall, without the consent in writing of the Custodian, sell, transfer, mortgage or otherwise dispose of any property or enter into any contract or agreement for the sale, transfer, mortgage or disposal of any property in which he has any estate or interest; and any person who commits a contravention of this subregulation, shall be guilty of an offence.

(2)
Any sale, transfer, mortgage, disposal or agreement made, granted or entered into, in contravention of this regulation, shall be void and of no effect.

(3)
Any sale, transfer, mortgage or disposal of property by a German national, and any contract or agreement for the sale, transfer, mortgage or disposal of property by a German national, made, granted, or entered into since the tenth day of January, One thousand nine hundred and twenty, and before the date of making this regulation, shall be absolutely void and of no effect.

(4)
The Custodian may, by notice in writing, exempt from the provisions of this regulation any transaction or class of transactions entered into by a German national.

(5)
In this regulation German national means a person who is a subject of Germany.


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TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 38
Power of Custodian to deal with money paid to him

(1)
The Custodian may place on deposit with any Bank, or invest in any securities approved by the Treasurer of the Commonwealth, any moneys paid to him under this Part of these Regulations, or received by him from property vested in him under this Part of these Regulations.

(2)
The Custodian shall deal in such manner as the Minister directs with any interest or dividends received on account of such deposits or investments.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 39
Audit of accounts

The accounts of the Custodian shall be subject to audit by the Auditor-General.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 40
Prosecution of offences

Offences against this Part of these Regulations may be prosecuted summarily or upon indictment.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 41
Punishment of offences

The punishment for an offence against this Part of these Regulations shall be as follows:

(a)
If the offence is prosecuted summarily — a fine not exceeding Five hundred pounds or imprisonment for any term not exceeding twelve months, or both; and

(b)
If the offence is prosecuted upon indictment — a fine of any amount or imprisonment for not more than seven years, or both.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 42
Duties of Special Magistrate or Commissioner

The Governor-General may appoint a person as Special Magistrate or Commissioner in relation to the Territory of New Guinea to inquire and report as to:

1 (1) The nationality of any person resident or having property rights or interests in the Territory of New Guinea, and the nationality of the wife or husband of any such person.

(2)
The nationality of any deceased person who at the date of death was possessed of property rights or interests in the Territory of New Guinea and the nationality of the widow or widower of any such person.

2 (1) Whether firms or companies registered or carrying on business in the Territory of New Guinea at the date of the coming into force of the Treaty of Peace with Germany are within the provisions of Article 297 of that Treaty.

(2)
Whether firms or companies registered or carrying on business in the Territory of New Guinea at the date of the coming into force of the Treaty of Peace with Germany are German nationals within the meaning of these Regulations.

3 Any facts or circumstances which may in his opinion be relevant in relation to the claims of any German national or any class of German nationals to consideration under the proviso to regulation 36 of this Part of these Regulations.

4 Whether any German national has acquired any property rights or interests in the Territory of New Guinea under any general licence issued by or on behalf of the Commonwealth, or any authority thereof, or under any express authority, or with the consent of the Commonwealth or any authority thereof.

5 Whether any German national appearing to be the owner of an estate or interest in land in the Territory of New Guinea is in fact the owner or has any and what interest in the said land.

6 The circumstances or disposition of German nationals in the Territory of New Guinea, and in particular whether any such German national:


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(1)
is destitute or has a reasonable prospect of being able to support himself and his dependants;

(2)
is likely to create disaffection or promote feelings of ill-will and hostility against the Government of the Territory of New Guinea.

7 Matters incidental to any of the above matters.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 43
Powers of Special Magistrate or Commissioner

(1)
The Special Magistrate or Commissioner appointed in pursuance of the preceding regulation may:

(a)
summon any person parties or witnesses before him;

(b)
take evidence on oath;

(c)
require the production of documents;

(d)
allow reasonable expenses to witnesses.

(2)
The Special Magistrate or Commissioner shall not be bound by rules of evidence, but shall be at liberty to inform his mind as to any matter by all available means.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 44
Custodian may sell property

Subject to these Regulations the Custodian may sell any property retained by him or vested in him under this Part of these Regulations or under or by virtue of the Expropriation Ordinance 1920-1922 of the Territory of New Guinea.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 45
Intention to sell to be notified

The intention of the Custodian to sell any property in pursuance of the last preceding regulation shall be notified by the Custodian in the Gazette, the New Guinea Gazette, and in such other manner as the Custodian thinks fit.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 46
Persons eligible to purchase property

Subject to subsection (1D) of regulation 36 and to regulations 36AA and 36AB of these Regulations the Custodian shall not unless by direction of the Governor-General, sell any property to any purchaser other than to:

(a)
a person who is an Australian soldier, or who is a natural-born British subject;

(b)
a company in which at least two-thirds of the shares issued by the company are held by persons who are natural-born British subjects and of which the Articles of Association contain a provision prohibiting the sale or transfer of shares in the company to persons who are not natural-born British subjects;

(c)
a company registered in any part of His Majesty's Dominions, in which at least two-thirds of the shares issued by the company are held by persons who are natural-born British subjects and which is approved by the Attorney-General.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 46A
Limitation of amount of purchase by any one purchaser

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The Custodian shall not sell to any purchaser any property where:

(a)
The property is, in the opinion of the Custodian, of the value of more than £250,000; or

(b)
the property, together with all property in New Guinea which the purchaser already owns, or is beneficially entitled to, or is in process of purchasing, is, in the opinion of the Custodian, of the aggregate value of more than £250,000.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 47
Sale by tender

Any person or company may submit to the Custodian by sealed tender an offer to purchase any property notified for sale by the Custodian.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 48
Particulars included in tender

(1)
In each tender for a plantation the amount of purchase money offered for the property shall be deemed to be in respect of planted and unplanted land, buildings of all kinds (including jetties and copra dryers), live stock, plant, machinery, vehicles, vessels, boats, all fixtures, and plantation equipment, specified in the catalogues, schedules, or inventories issued by the Custodian for the inspection of intending purchasers, coco-nut palms and other trees, coco-nuts on palms, coco-nuts on the ground (not being coco-nuts collected at the usual places for cutting), and good-will.

(2)
The amount of purchase money offered in any such tender shall not be deemed to be in respect of the following property, whether included or not in the catalogues, schedules, or inventories issued by the Custodian for the inspection of intending purchasers:

(a)
Plantation stores on hand, except those specified in the catalogues, schedules or inventories as plantation equipment;

(b)
Unexpired contracts with native labourers; and

(c)
Coco-nuts collected at the usual places for cutting, copra and other produce in course of curing, and copra and other produce on hand.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 48A
Evidence of qualification of tenderer

Each tenderer shall furnish evidence to show that under the provisions of regulation 46 of these Regulations he is eligible to purchase the property.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 49
Property to be purchased with all faults

Each tender shall contain a statement that the tenderer is prepared to purchase the property with all faults (if any).

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 50
Terms of sale

(1)
The terms on which property, other than that specified in subregulation (2) of regulation 48 and in regulation 50A of these Regulations, shall be offered for sale and purchase are as follows:

(1)
Where the intending purchaser is an Australian soldier:

(a)
An amount, or securities approved by the Custodian, representing five per centum of the purchase-money shall be forwarded with the tender by way of deposit;

(b)
An amount representing ten per centum of the purchase-money shall be payable within one month of the date of notification to the purchaser that his tender has been accepted;

(c)
The balance of the purchase money and interest thereon at the rate of Four pounds per centum per annum calculated quarterly, shall be paid in eighty equal quarterly instalments;

(ca)
Interest payable under the last preceding paragraph shall commence to run from the date on which possession is given or from the date on which the Custodian or his duly authorized agent advises the purchaser that the property purchased is available for possession, whichever is the earlier.

(2)
Where the intending purchaser is not an Australian soldier:

(a)
An amount, or securities approved by the Custodian, representing five per centum of the purchase-money shall be forwarded with the tender by way of deposit;

(b)
An amount representing ten per centum of the purchase-money shall be payable within one month of the date of notification to the purchaser that his tender has been accepted;

(c)
A further amount representing fifteen per centum (or, at the discretion of the purchaser, a higher percentage) of the purchase money shall be payable before the purchaser shall be entitled to possession of the property;

(d)
The balance of the purchase money shall be payable in ten equal annual instalments, the first of such instalments to be payable at the expiration of one year from the date on which the purchaser becomes entitled to possession of the property;

(e)
The purchaser may at any time before the date on which any instalment is payable pay the whole or any portion of that instalment together with interest thereon calculated to the date of payment; and

(f)
The purchase money for the time being remaining unpaid shall bear interest at the rate of Five pounds per centum per annum, and such interest shall be payable on the thirtieth day of June and the thirty-first day of December in each year.

(g)
Interest payable under the last preceding paragraph shall commence to run from the date on which possession is given or from the date on which the Custodian or his duly authorized agent advises the purchaser that the property purchased is available for possession, whichever is the earlier.


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(2)
Where securities are forwarded with the tender by way of deposit the Custodian may, upon the acceptance of the tender, realize the securities and credit the purchaser with the net proceeds of the realization.

(3)
Notwithstanding anything contained in these Regulations, where any instalment of purchase money payable in respect of any contract of sale whether made before or after the date of this subregulation or any interest thereon is not paid within one month of its due date of payment, interest on that instalment or interest may be charged at the rate of five pounds per centum per annum.

(4)
Where an Australian soldier who is purchasing a property under a contract of sale dies prior to paying the full amount of the purchase money and interest thereon, the person beneficially entitled, under the will or on the administration of the estate of the deceased Australian soldier, to his rights under that contract, shall, with the consent of the Custodian, be permitted to continue the purchase of the plantation on the same terms and conditions as were applicable to the deceased Australian soldier.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 50A
Terms of sale of leaseholds etc

The terms on which leaseholds, of which the unexpired period is less than ninety-nine years, town allotments and personal property shall be offered for sale and purchase shall be determined by the Custodian.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 50B
Tenderer to purchase plantation stores etc

Unless otherwise agreed to by the Custodian, every tenderer for a plantation whose tender is accepted shall, before becoming entitled to possession of the property tendered for, purchase from the Custodian the property specified in subregulation (2) of regulation 48 of these Regulations, on the following basis:

(a)
Plantation stores on hand — cash, at the value set forth in the books of the Custodian;

(b)
Unexpired contracts with native labourers — cash, at the value set forth in the books of the Custodian as the cost of each contract, less a proportionate reduction for the time which has expired, and less deferred wages up to the date on which the benefit of the contract is transferred to the tenderer, who shall assume the obligation to pay deferred wages accrued up to that date; and

(c)
Coco-nuts collected at the usual places for cutting, copra and other produce in course of curing, and copra and other produce on hand — terms of payment and price to be agreed upon.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 50C
Power of Custodian to grant or reserve right-of-way

(1)
Where it has been the custom of the Custodian or of any person acting under the authority or direction of the Custodian in that behalf to pass over or through a plantation, having a frontage to the sea, for the purpose of shipping the produce of, or conveying stores to, a plantation vested in the Custodian or any successor in title to the Custodian, which is contiguous or adjacent to, the first-mentioned plantation, it shall be a condition of the sale of the plantation having the frontage to the sea that the Custodian may, at any time before the execution to the purchaser of a proper transfer and title to the property, reserve or grant, for purposes in connexion with the working of the contiguous or adjacent plantation a right of way to the sea over the plantation having the frontage to the sea in favour of the contiguous or adjacent plantation.

(2)
The Custodian may determine the conditions under which the right of way may be enjoyed, and the portion of the plantation over which it shall be reserved or granted.


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TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 50D
Right to possession and power of sale

(1)
If the purchaser of any property is an Australian soldier he shall be entitled to possession of the property upon payment of the amounts specified in subparagraphs (a) and (b) of paragraph (1) of regulation 50 of these Regulations, and upon signing a contract of sale in respect of the property (in these Regulations referred to as the `contract of sale').

(2)
If the purchaser of any property is not an Australian soldier he shall be entitled to possession of the property upon payment of the amounts specified in subparagraphs (a), (b) and (c) of paragraph (2) of regulation 50 of these Regulations, and upon signing a contract of sale in respect of the property (in these Regulations referred to as the `contract of sale').

(3)
Until the whole of the purchase money and interest thereon is paid, all right, title, and interest in the property, shall remain vested in the Custodian, and the purchaser shall not, except with the consent in writing of the Custodian, be entitled to assign or transfer the whole or any of his rights under the contract of sale, or to charge those rights in any way with the payment of any money.

(4)
Upon the purchaser becoming entitled to possession of the property he shall have the right to use for his own benefit the produce of the property subject to a lien on that produce in favour of the Custodian for any moneys payable to the Custodian under paragraph (a) of regulation 57 of these Regulations.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 50E
Expenses to be borne by purchaser

(1)
Where any land is brought under the provisions of the Lands Registration Ordinance 1924-1925 of the Territory of New Guinea after the acceptance of a tender for the purchase of the land, the purchaser shall pay the cost of bringing the land under the provisions of that Ordinance.

(2)
If after the acceptance of any such tender it is necessary, in accordance with the law for the time being in force, for the land to be surveyed or re-surveyed, the purchaser shall pay the cost of the survey or re-survey.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 51
Description of property to be taken as correct

The particulars and information given to intending purchasers by the Custodian or any person authorized by him will be obtained from official sources, and shall be accepted by the purchaser as correct, and any error found therein shall not annul the sale or entitle the purchaser to be discharged from his purchase or, except in the case of an error relating to the area of land or the existence of any building thereon or the number of coco-nut palms, cocoa trees, rubber trees or cotton trees thereon, to any reduction of the purchase money.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 51A
Reduction of purchase money in case of error as to area
etc

In the case of an error relating to the area of land or the existence of any building thereon found in the particulars and information given to intending purchasers by the Custodian or any person authorized by him, the purchaser shall be entitled in respect thereof to claim a reduction of the purchase money.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 51AA
Reduction of purchase money where number of trees wrongly
stated

In the case of an error relating to the number of coco-nut palms, cocoa trees, rubber trees or cotton trees on a plantation found in the particulars and information published by the Custodian, the purchaser shall, where the error amounts to ten per centum or more of the number so published, be entitled to claim a reduction of the purchase money in respect of ninety per centum of the difference between the number of coco-nut palms, cocoa trees, rubber trees or cotton trees on the plantation and the number so published by the Custodian:


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Provided that no reduction in respect of any one purchase shall be allowed under this regulation and, in respect of an error relating to the area of land, under the last preceding regulation:

Provided further that no claim under this regulation shall be recognized unless it is lodged with the Custodian on or before the thirty-first day of March One thousand nine hundred and thirty.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 51B
Reduction of purchase money in respect of encumbrances or
exclusion of land from transfer

Where, after any land is sold or purports to be sold under these Regulations, and before a transfer and title to the land has been executed to the purchaser in pursuance of regulation 52 of these Regulations, it is found:

(a)
that any encumbrances or native rights exist in relation to the land which were unascertained at the date of the sale; or

(b)
that it is necessary to exclude from transfer to the purchaser a portion of the land over which native rights exist or which is found to be vested in some other person, the purchaser shall be entitled to have the amount of purchase money in respect of the land reduced in accordance with the provisions of these Regulations.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 51C
Manner of reduction of purchase money

(1)
The amount by which the purchase money shall be reduced in accordance with these Regulations, except where the reduction arises by reason of the exclusion from transfer to the purchaser of portion of the land sold, or purporting to be sold, shall be determined by agreement between the Custodian and the purchaser, or, in default of agreement, by reference of any difference or dispute as to the amount to two arbitrators for arbitration, one of the arbitrators to be appointed by the Custodian, and one by the purchaser, and such reference shall be deemed to be a submission within the meaning of the laws of the Territory of New Guinea or the Territory of Papua, as the case requires, for the time being in force relating to arbitration.

(2)
The amount by which the purchase money shall be reduced by reason of the exclusion from transfer to the purchaser of portion of the land sold or purporting to be sold shall be determined as follows:

(a)
In respect of unplanted land so excluded, a reduction shall be made in accordance with the following provisions:

(i)
The value of the whole of the unplanted land purporting to be sold to the purchaser shall be deemed to be such sum as bears the same relation to the purchase price payable in respect of the whole of the property as the value placed upon such unplanted land by the Custodian bears to the value placed by him upon the whole of the property prior to the sale thereof;
(ii)
The value of the unplanted land determined in accordance with the last preceding subparagraph shall be divided by the total number of hectares of unplanted land purporting to be sold to the purchaser;
(iii)
The amount ascertained in pursuance of the last preceding subparagraph shall be multiplied by the number of hectares of unplanted land excluded from transfer to the purchaser and the amount resulting shall be the amount by which the purchase money shall be reduced; and
(b)
In respect of planted land so excluded a reduction shall be made in accordance with the following provisions:

(i)
The value of the whole of the planted land purporting to be sold to the purchaser shall be determined by deducting the value of the whole of the unplanted land purporting to be sold to the purchaser from the total purchase price payable in respect of the whole of the property;
(ii)
For the purposes of the last preceding subparagraph, the value of the unplanted land shall be calculated in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (a) of this subregulation;
(iii)
The value determined in accordance with subparagraph (i) of this paragraph shall be deemed to be the value of the coco-nut palms and cocoa trees growing on the planted land;
(iv)
Each coco-nut palm and each cocoa tree which is ten or more years old shall be reckoned as one unit and each coco-nut palm and each cocoa tree less than ten years old shall be reckoned as a fraction of a unit, each full year of age being reckoned as one-tenth of a unit;
(v)
The value of the planted land determined in accordance with subparagraph (i) of this paragraph shall be divided by the total number of units of coco-nut palms and cocoa trees on the planted land; and
(vi)
The amount ascertained in pursuance of the last preceding subparagraph shall be multiplied by the number of units of coco-nut palms and cocoa trees on the planted land excluded from transfer to the purchaser and the amount resulting shall be the amount by which the purchase money shall be reduced.

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TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 52
Title

Upon payment by the purchaser of the full amount of the purchase-money a proper transfer and title to the property will be executed to the purchaser at the expense of the purchaser.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 53
Title to be the best title vested in Custodian

(1)
The title that shall issue to the purchaser of a property shall be the best title vested in the Custodian from the former owner of the property:

Provided that gold, silver, copper, tin, antimony, and metals of every description, opals, gems, precious stones, and coal, shale and mineral oils, on, in or under all lands, shall not become the property of the purchaser.

(2)
Where the title to any property purchased from the Custodian is incomplete, the purchaser may complete the title by fulfilment of the conditions thereof, or, in the case of any leaseholds offered by the Custodian with the right to convert to conditional freehold, may, with the consent of the Administrator, convert to a conditional freehold, but any such completion or conversion shall be at the purchaser's expense.

(3)
Every title shall be subject to any laws or Ordinances of the Territory of New Guinea from time to time in force relating to land.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 54
Covenant for maintenance and repair

Until payment of the full amount of the purchase money the purchaser shall covenant with the Custodian that the purchaser will, to the satisfaction of the Custodian or his duly authorized agent, keep and maintain plantations well planted and cultivated, and reasonably clean and free from weeds, pests and diseases, and will maintain all other property in good order and condition, fair wear and tear alone excepted.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 55
Insurance of buildings etc

(1)
Unless the Custodian otherwise determines the purchaser shall, within fourteen days after he becomes entitled to possession of the property, insure with a company approved by the Custodian, and shall, until the full amount of the purchase money has been paid, keep so insured from fire, to the full insurable value thereof, all dwellings, offices, and other permanent buildings, jetties, vehicles, vessels, boats, and copra-drying kilns included in the property purchased.

(2)
If the purchaser fails to insure the property in accordance with the provisions of this regulation or, having insured the property, fails for any period of fourteen days or more to keep it so insured, the Custodian or his duly authorized agent may cancel the contract of sale, and, in his discretion, forfeit any moneys previously paid under the contract of sale.

(3)
Every cover-note and insurance policy obtained by the purchaser in pursuance of this regulation shall be lodged with the Custodian or his duly authorized agent within fourteen days after the issue of the cover-note or policy, as the case may be.


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TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 56
Power to enter on purchased land

The Custodian, or his duly authorized agent, or any inspector whom the Custodian may appoint for the purpose, may, at all reasonable times, enter upon any lands sold under these Regulations for the purpose of ascertaining whether the purchaser is complying with the provisions of these Regulations and the conditions under which the lands were sold.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 56A
Meaning of duly authorized agent of Custodian in
regulations 54 and 56

Where any reference is made in regulation 54 or in regulation 56 of these Regulations to the Custodian or his duly authorized agent, the words `his duly authorized agent' mean any delegate of the Custodian appointed in pursuance of regulation 33 of these Regulations and include any officer for the time being in the employ of the Custodian.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 57
Rights of Custodian where conditions of sale not observed

If the purchaser fails to comply with the covenant referred to in regulation 54 of these Regulations:

(a)
the Custodian or his duly authorized agent may enter upon the property and effect all repairs and do all work which the Custodian or his duly authorized agent thinks necessary, and the expenses thereby incurred, together with interest at the same annual rate as that which is payable on the purchase money, shall be paid to the Custodian by the purchaser on demand, or by such instalments and at such times as the Custodian determines, and until repayment shall be a charge on the property, and the Custodian shall have a lien over the whole of the produce of the property to secure the repayment of the expenses and interest; or

(b)
the Custodian or his duly authorized agent may enter upon and take possession of the property, and thereupon may cancel the contract of sale, and, in his discretion, forfeit any moneys previously paid by the purchaser under the contract of sale.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 58
Action on instalments being overdue

If at any time any instalment or money payable in respect of a contract of sale or any part of such instalment or money is unpaid for three calendar months next after the time appointed for the payment thereof, then, although no legal demand has been made for payment, the Custodian or his duly authorized agent may enter upon and take possession of the property in respect of which the contract of sale was entered into, and may cancel the contract of sale, and, in his discretion, forfeit any moneys previously paid by the purchaser under the contract of the sale:

Provided that, where the Custodian is satisfied that, by reason of a fall in the market price of copra or other extraordinary circumstances not within the control of a purchaser, such purchaser is temporarily unable to make payment of moneys falling due under his contract of sale, the Custodian may defer or waive payment of the whole or any portion of the moneys so due for such a period and on such terms as the Minister approves.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 58A
Sale of plantation etc which reverts to Custodian

(1)
Where a plantation, trading station, or other property reverts to the Custodian by reason of the exercise of his powers under these Regulations, or through the annulment or cancellation of a contract of sale, the Custodian may sell that plantation, trading station, or other property on such terms as the Minister approves.


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(2)
Subject to such modifications as the Minister approves and are included in the contract of sale, these Regulations apply to, and in relation to, a sale under subregulation (1) of this regulation.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 58AA
Payments of instalments and interest in respect of sale of
reverted property

(1)
Notwithstanding anything contained in the last preceding regulation, but subject to this regulation:

(a)
the balance of purchase money outstanding in respect of the sale of a property under a contract entered into in accordance with the last preceding regulation shall, notwithstanding anything contained in that contract, be paid by quarterly instalments calculated in accordance with subregulation (3) or subregulation (4), as the case requires, of this regulation; and

(b)
interest calculated in accordance with subregulation (5) or subregulation (6), as the case requires, of this regulation shall be paid quarterly on the unpaid balance of purchase money outstanding on the first day of the last preceding quarter.

(2)
The purchaser of a property under a contract referred to in the last preceding subregulation shall complete the payment of the full amount of the purchase money and interest on the purchase money on or before the thirtieth day of June, One thousand nine hundred and seventy-five.

(3)
Where the purchaser of a property is an Australian soldier, the amount of each instalment payable by him under subregulation (1) of this regulation shall, in respect of each One thousand pounds of the total amount of purchase money that was outstanding after the payment of the deposit and any other amount required to be paid by the purchaser as a condition precedent to the right to possession of the property, be calculated at the rate specified in column 2 of the Third Schedule to these Regulations opposite to the rate specified in column 1 of that Schedule which is the average price per ton of plantation hot-air dried copra during the last preceding quarter.

(4)
Where the purchaser of a property is not an Australian soldier, the amount of each instalment payable by him under subregulation (1) of this regulation shall, in respect of each One thousand pounds of the total amount of purchase money that was outstanding after the payment of the deposit and any other amount required to be paid by the purchaser as a condition precedent to the right to possession of the property, be calculated at the rate specified in column 4 of the Third Schedule to these Regulations opposite to the rate specified in column 1 of that Schedule which is the average price per ton of plantation hot-air dried copra during the last preceding quarter.

(5)
Where the purchaser of a property is an Australian soldier, the rate of interest payable by him under subregulation (1) of this regulation shall be the rate specified in column 3 of the Third Schedule to these Regulations opposite to the rate specified in column 1 of that Schedule which is the average price per ton of plantation hot-air dried copra during the last preceding quarter.

(6)
Where the purchaser of a property is not an Australian soldier, the rate of interest payable by him under subregulation (1) of this regulation shall be the rate specified in column 5 of the Third Schedule to these Regulations opposite to the rate specified in column 1 of that Schedule which is the average price per ton of plantation hot-air dried copra during the last preceding quarter.

(7)
For the purposes of this regulation, the average price per ton of plantation hot-air dried copra during the last preceding quarter means:

(a)
one-third of the sum of the amounts declared, for the purposes of the Customs (Copra Export) Tariff 1958 of the Territory of Papua and New Guinea, by the Administrator of the Territory of Papua and New Guinea in each of the three months preceding the date on which the payment of an instalment or interest is to be made, to be the assessed value per ton of copra exported from the Territory during each of those months; or

(b)
where, in any month, the Administrator does not declare an amount for the purposes of that Tariff, an amount declared by the Minister, by notice in the Government Gazette of the Territory of Papua and New Guinea, to be the average price per ton of plantation hot-air dried copra during the three months preceding the date on which the payment of an instalment or interest is to be made.


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TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 59
Rights of Custodian where articles of association not
observed

Where the purchaser is a company approved by the Custodian in which all the shares issued by the company are held by Australian soldiers and of which the articles of association contain a provision prohibiting the sale or transfer of shares in the company to persons who are not Australian soldiers and prohibiting the transfer of shares to Australian soldiers without the consent of the Custodian, if, before the whole of the purchase money and interest thereon is paid:

(a)
any share is held by a person who is not an Australian soldier; or

(b)
the articles of association of the company are altered so as no longer to contain the provision set forth in this regulation,

the Custodian or his duly authorized agent may enter upon and take possession of the property; and thereupon may cancel the contract of sale, and, in his discretion, forfeit any moneys previously paid by the purchaser under the contract of sale.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 60
Power of Custodian to summon witnesses etc

(1)
For the purpose of dealing with tenders for property in New Guinea, the Custodian shall have power:

(a)
to summon witnesses;

(b)
to take evidence on oath;

(c)
to require the production of documents.

(2)
Any person summoned by the Custodian as a witness who without lawful excuse and after tender of reasonable expenses fails to appear in obedience to the summons, shall be guilty of an offence.

Penalty:   Fifty pounds.

(3)
Any person who appears before the Custodian as a witness, and who without lawful excuse refuses to be sworn, or to make an affirmation, or to produce documents, or to answer questions which he is lawfully required to answer, shall be guilty of an offence.

Penalty:   Fifty pounds.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 61
Tenders to be made in good faith

(1)
Every purchase of a property is hereby required to be made in good faith; and a purchase shall be taken to be made in good faith when the sole object of the purchaser is to acquire the property in order that he may hold and use the land for his own exclusive benefit.

(2)
The Custodian in dealing with a tender for any property shall reject the tender unless he is satisfied that the tender has been made in good faith; but the Custodian shall not disallow any application as not having been made in good faith merely because the applicant has been or is to be assisted financially in connexion with such holding by a person who is eligible under the provisions of regulation 46 to purchase the property.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 61A
Cancellation of contracts of sale not made in good faith

(1)
If, at any time, the Minister is satisfied that any tender for any property in respect of which a contract of sale was subsequently entered into was not made in good faith in accordance with the last preceding regulation, the Minister may, notwithstanding anything contained in these Regulations, direct the Custodian to cancel the contract of sale and may, in his discretion, order the forfeiture of any moneys, or any part thereof, previously paid by the purchaser under the contract of sale, and may authorize the Custodian or his duly authorized agent to enter into and take possession of the property in respect of which the contract of sale was entered into. The Custodian shall forthwith give effect to any direction given by the Minister under this subregulation.


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(2)
The Custodian may, subject to these Regulations, sell any property the contract for the sale of which has been cancelled under the last preceding subregulation.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
- REG 62
Commission to be charged by Custodian

(1)
The Custodian shall charge, in respect of his duties in connexion with real or personal property in his hands or under his control, or which, since the seventh day of April, 1921, may have come into his hands or been under his control in pursuance of these regulations, commission at the following rates:

(a)
one per centum on the gross proceeds of the sale of any real property, leaseholds, and personal property specified in subregulation (1) of regulation 48 of these Regulations and sold as the result of a tender to which that subregulation applies:

Provided that such commission shall not be charged in respect of the share, in any such property sold, of any person whose property, rights and interests are not subject to, or have been released from the charge created by, these Regulations;

(b)
five per centum on the gross proceeds of the sale of any other property; and

(c)
two and one-half per centum on the gross expenditure incurred by him in connexion with the management of any real property from the date it became vested in the Custodian up to the date the purchaser takes possession under the contract of sale of the property.

(2)
Notwithstanding anything contained in these Regulations, where any property, rights and interests have, in accordance with subregulation (1A) of regulation 36 of these Regulations, been revested in any person, the Custodian may charge commission at the rate of two and one-half per centum on the gross expenditure incurred by him in connexion with the management of any such real property from the date it became vested in the Custodian up to the date of its release.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
The Schedules

The First Schedule Copy of Section III to VII of Part X of the Treaty of Peace between the Allied and Associated Powers and Germany

(regulation 3)

SECTION III

Debts

Article 296

There shall be settled through the intervention of clearing offices to be established by each of the High Contracting Parties within three months of the notification referred to in paragraph (e) hereafter the following classes of pecuniary obligations:
(1) Debts payable before the war and due by a national of one of the Contracting Powers, residing within its territory, to a national of an Opposing Power residing within its territory;
(2) Debts which became payable during the war to nationals of one Contracting Power residing within its territory and arose out of transactions or contracts with the nationals of an Opposing Power, resident within its territory, of which the total or partial execution was suspended on account of the declaration of war;
(3) Interest which has accrued due before and during the war to a national of one of the Contracting Powers in respect of securities issued by an Opposing Power, provided that the payment of interest on such securities to the nationals of that Power or to neutrals has not been suspended during the war;
(4) Capital sums which have become payable before and during the war to nationals of one of the Contracting Powers in respect of securities issued by one of the Opposing Powers, provided that the payment of such capital sums to nationals of that Power or to neutrals has not been suspended during the war.
The proceeds of liquidation of enemy property, rights and interests mentioned in Section IV and in the Annex thereto will be accounted for through the clearing offices, in the currency and at the rate of exchange hereinafter provided in paragraph (d), and disposed of by them under the conditions provided by the said Section and Annex.
The settlements provided for in this Article shall be effected according to
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the following principles and in accordance with the Annex to this Section:
(a) Each of the High Contracting Parties shall prohibit, as from the coming into force of the present Treaty, both the payment and the acceptance of payment of such debts, and also all communications between the interested parties with regard to the settlement of the said debts otherwise than through the clearing offices;
(b) Each of the High Contracting Parties shall be respectively responsible for the payment of such debts due by its nationals, except in the case where before the war the debtor was in a state of bankruptcy or failure, or had given formal indication of insolvency or where the debt was due by a company whose business has been liquidated under emergency legislation during the war. Nevertheless, debts due by the inhabitants of territory invaded or occupied by the enemy before the Armistice will not be guaranteed by the States of which those territories form part;
(c) The sums due to the nationals of one of the High Contracting Parties by the nationals of an Opposing State will be debited to the clearing office of the country of the debtor, and paid to the creditor by the clearing office of the country of the creditor;
(d) Debts shall be paid or credited in the currency of such one of the Allied and Associated Powers, their colonies or protectorates, or the British Dominions or India, as may be concerned. If the debts are payable in some other currency they shall be paid or credited in the currency of the country concerned, whether an Allied or Associated Power, Colony, Protectorate, British Dominion, or India, at the pre-war rate of exchange.
For the purpose of this provision the pre-war rate of exchange shall be defined as the average cable transfer rate prevailing in the Allied or Associated country concerned during the month immediately preceding the outbreak of war between the said country concerned and Germany.
If a contract provides for a fixed rate of exchange governing the conversion of the currency in which the debt is stated into the currency of the Allied or Associated Country concerned, then the above provisions concerning the rate of exchange shall not apply.
In the case of new States the currency in which and the rate of exchange at which debts shall be paid or credited shall be determined by the Reparation Commission provided for in Part VIII (Reparation);
(e) The provision of this Article and of the Annex hereto shall not apply as between Germany on the one hand and any one of the Allied and Associated Powers, their colonies or protectorates, or any one of the British Dominions or India on the other hand, unless within a period of one month from the deposit of the ratifications of the present Treaty by the Power in question, or of the ratification on behalf of such Dominion or of India, notice to that effect is given to Germany by the Government of such Allied or Associated Power or of such Dominion or of India as the case may be.
(f) The Allied and Associated Powers who have adopted this Article and the Annex hereto may agree between themselves to apply them to their respective nationals established in their territory so far as regards matters between their nationals and German nationals. In this case the payments made by application of this provision will be subject to arrangements between the Allied and Associated clearing offices concerned.
ANNEX

1.

Each of the High Contracting Parties will, within three months from the notification provided for in Article 296, paragraph (e), establish a Clearing Office for the collection and payment of enemy debts.
Local Clearing Houses may be established for any particular portion of the territories of the High Contracting Parties. Such local Clearing Offices may perform all the functions of a central Clearing Office in their respective districts, except that all transactions with the Clearing Office in the Opposite State must be effected through the central Clearing Office.
2.

In this Annex the pecuniary obligations referred to in the first paragraph of Article 296 are described as "enemy debts," the persons from whom the same are due as "enemy debtors," the persons to whom they are due as "enemy creditors," the Clearing Office in the country of the creditor is called the "Creditor Clearing Office," and the Clearing Office in the country of the debtor is called the "Debtor Clearing Office."
3.

The High Contracting Parties will subject contraventions of paragraph (a) of Article 296 to the same penalties as are at present provided by their legislation for trading with the enemy. They will similarly prohibit within their territory all legal process relating to payment of enemy debts, except in accordance with the provisions of this Annex.
4.

The Government guarantee specified in paragraph (b) of Article 296 shall take effect whenever, for any reason, a debt shall not be recoverable, except in a case where at the date of the outbreak of war the debt was barred by the laws of prescription in force in the country of the debtor, or where the debtor was at that time in a state of bankruptcy or failure or had given formal indication of insolvency, or where the debt was due by a company whose business has been liquidated under emergency legislation during the war. In such case the
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procedure specified by this Annex shall apply to payment of the dividends.
The terms "bankruptcy" and "failure" refer to the application of legislation providing for such judicial conditions. The expression "formal indication of insolvency" bears the same meaning as it has in English law.
5.

Creditors shall give notice to the Creditor Clearing Office within six months of its establishment of debts due to them, and shall furnish the Clearing Office with any documents and information required of them.
The High Contracting Parties will take all suitable measures to trace and punish collusion between enemy creditors and debtors. The Clearing Offices will communicate to one another any evidence and information which might help the discovery and punishment of such collusion.
The High Contracting Parties will facilitate as much as possible postal and telegraphic communication at the expense of the parties concerned and through the intervention of the Clearing Offices between debtors and creditors desirous of coming to an agreement as to the amount of their debt.
The Creditor Clearing Office will notify the Debtor Clearing Office of all debts declared to it. The Debtor Clearing Office will, in due course, inform the Creditor Clearing Office which debts are admitted and which debts are contested. In the latter case, the Debtor Clearing Office will give the grounds for the non-admission of debt.
6.

When a debt has been admitted, in whole or in part, the Debtor Clearing Office will at once credit the Creditor Clearing Office with the amount admitted, and at the same time notify it of such credit.
7.

The debt shall be deemed to be admitted in full and shall be credited forthwith to the Creditor Clearing Office unless within three months from the receipt of the notification or such longer time as may be agreed to by the Creditor Clearing Office notice has been given by the Debtor Clearing Office that it is not admitted.
8.

When the whole or part of a debt is not admitted the two Clearing Offices will examine into the matter jointly and will endeavour to bring the parties to an agreement.
9.

The Creditor Clearing Office will pay to the individual creditor the sums credited to it out of the funds placed at its disposal by the Government of its country and in accordance with the conditions fixed by the said Government, retaining any sums considered necessary to cover risks, expenses or commissions.
10.

Any person having claimed payment of an enemy debt which is not admitted in whole or in part shall pay to the Clearing Office, by way of fine, interest at 5 per cent. on the part not admitted. Any person having unduly refused to admit the whole or part of a debt claimed from him shall pay, by way of fine, interest at 5 per cent. on the amount with regard to which his refusal shall be disallowed.
Such interest shall run from the date of expiration of the period provided for in paragraph 7 until the date on which the claim shall have been disallowed or the debt paid.
Each Clearing Office shall in so far as it is concerned take steps to collect the fines above provided for, and will be responsible if such fines cannot be collected.
The fines will be credited to the other Clearing Office, which shall retain them as a contribution towards the cost of carrying out the present provisions.
11.

The balance between the Clearing Offices shall be struck monthly and the credit balance paid in cash by the debtor State within a week.
Nevertheless, any credit balances which may be due by one or more of the Allied and Associated Powers shall be retained until complete payment shall have been effected of the sums due to the Allied or Associated Powers or their nationals on account of the war.
12.

To facilitate discussion between the Clearing Offices each of them shall have a representative at the place where the other is established.
13.

Except for special reasons all discussions in regard to claims will, so far as possible, take place at the Debtor Clearing Office.
14.

In conformity with Article 296, paragraph (b), the High Contracting Parties are responsible for the payment of the enemy debts owing by their nationals.
The Debtor Clearing Office will therefore credit the Creditor Clearing Office with all debts admitted, even in case of inability to collect them from the individual debtor. The Governments concerned will, nevertheless, invest their respective Clearing Offices with all necessary powers for the recovery of debts which have been admitted.
As an exception, the admitted debts owing by persons having suffered injury from acts of war shall only be credited to the Creditor Clearing Office when
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the compensation due to the person concerned in respect of such injury shall have been paid.
15.

Each Government will defray the expenses of the Clearing Office set up in its territory, including the salaries of the staff.
16.

Where the two Clearing Offices are unable to agree whether a debt claimed is due, or in case of a difference between an enemy debtor and an enemy creditor or between the Clearing Offices, the dispute shall either be referred to arbitration if the parties so agree under conditions fixed by agreement between them, or referred to the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal provided for in Section VI hereafter.
At the request of the Creditor Clearing Office the dispute may, however, be submitted to the jurisdiction of the Courts of the place of domicile of the debtor.
17.

Recovery of sums found by the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal, the Court, or the Arbitration Tribunal to be due shall be effected through the Clearing Offices as if these sums were debts admitted by the Debtor Clearing Office.
18.

Each of the Governments concerned shall appoint an agent who will be responsible for the presentation to the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal of the cases conducted on behalf of its Clearing Office. This agent will exercise a general control over the representatives or counsel employed by its nationals.
Decisions will be arrived at on documentary evidence, but it will be open to the Tribunal to hear the parties in person, or according to their preference by their representatives approved by the two Governments, or by the agent referred to above, who shall be competent to intervene along with the party or to re-open and maintain a claim abandoned by the same.
19.

The Clearing Offices concerned will lay before the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal all the information and documents in their possession, so as to enable the Tribunal to decide rapidly on the cases which are brought before it.
20.

Where one of the parties concerned appeals against the joint decision of the two Clearing Offices, he shall make a deposit against the costs, which deposit shall only be refunded when the first judgment is modified in favour of the appellant and in proportion to the success he may attain, his opponent in case of such a refund being required to pay an equivalent proportion of the costs and expenses. Security accepted by the Tribunal may be substituted for a deposit.
A fee of 5 per cent. of the amount in dispute shall be charged in respect of all cases brought before the Tribunal. This fee shall, unless the Tribunal directs otherwise, be borne by the unsuccessful party. Such fee shall be added to the deposit referred to. It is also independent of the security.
The Tribunal may award to one of the parties a sum in respect of the expenses of the proceedings.
Any sum payable under this paragraph shall be credited to the Clearing Office of the successful party as a separate item.
21.

With a view to the rapid settlement of claims, due regard shall be paid in the appointment of all persons connected with the Clearing Offices, or with the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal, to their knowledge of the language of the other country concerned.
Each of the Clearing Offices will be at liberty to correspond with the other, and to forward documents in its own language.
22.

Subject to any special agreement to the contrary between the Governments concerned, debts shall carry interest in accordance with the following provisions:
Interest shall not be payable on sums of money due by way of dividend, interest, or other periodical payments which themselves represent interest on capital.
The rate of interest shall be 5 per cent. per annum, except in cases where, by contract, law, or custom, the creditor is entitled to payment of interest at a different rate. In such cases the rate to which he is entitled shall prevail.
Interest shall run from the date of commencement of hostilities (or, if the sum of money to be recovered fell due during the war, from the date at which it fell due) until the sum is credited to the Clearing Office of the creditor.
Sums due by way of interest shall be treated as debts admitted by the Clearing Offices and shall be credited to the Creditor Clearing Office in the same way as such debts.
23.

Where by decision of the Clearing Offices or the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal a claim is held not to fall within Article 296, the creditor shall be at liberty to prosecute the claim before the Courts or to take such other proceedings as may be open to him.
The presentation of a claim to the Clearing Office suspends the operation of any period of prescription.

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24.

The High Contracting Parties agree to regard the decisions of the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal as final and conclusive, and to render them binding upon their nationals.
25.

In any case where a Creditor Clearing Office declines to notify a claim to the Debtor Clearing Office, or to take any step provided for in this Annex, intended to make effective in whole or in part a request of which it has received due notice, the enemy creditor shall be entitled to receive from the Clearing Office a certificate setting out the amount of the claim, and shall then be entitled to prosecute the claim before the Courts, or to take such other proceedings as may be open to him.
SECTION IV

Property, Rights and Interests

Article 297

The question of private property, rights and interests in an enemy country shall be settled according to the principles laid down in this Section and to the provisions of the Annex hereto.
(a) The exceptional war measures and measures of transfer (defined in paragraph 3 of the Annex hereto) taken by Germany with respect to the property, rights and interests of nationals of Allied or Associated Powers, including companies and associations in which they are interested, when liquidation has not been completed, shall be immediately discontinued or stayed and the property, rights and interests concerned restored to their owners, who shall enjoy full rights therein in accordance with the provisions of Article 298.
(b) Subject to any contrary stipulations which may be provided for in the present Treaty, the Allied and Associated Powers reserve the right to retain and liquidate all property, rights and interests belonging at the date of the coming into force of the present Treaty to German nationals, or companies controlled by them, within their territories, colonies, possessions, and protectorates, including territories ceded to them by the present Treaty.
The liquidation shall be carried out in accordance with the laws of the Allied or Associated State concerned, and the German owner shall not be able to dispose of such property, rights or interests nor to subject them to any charge without the consent of that State.
German nationals who acquire ipso facto the nationality of an Allied or Associated Power in accordance with the provisions of the present Treaty will not be considered as German nationals within the meaning of this paragraph.
(c) The price or the amount of compensation in respect of the exercise of the right referred to in the preceding paragraph (b) will be fixed in accordance with the methods of sale or valuation adopted by the laws of the country in which the property has been retained or liquidated.
(d) As between the Allied and Associated Powers or their nationals on the one hand and Germany or her nationals on the other hand, all the exceptional war measures, or measures of transfer, or acts done or to be done in execution of such measures as defined in paragraphs 1 and 3 of the Annex hereto shall be considered as final and binding upon all persons except as regards the reservations laid down in the present Treaty.
(e) The nationals of Allied and Associated Powers shall be entitled to compensation in respect of damage or injury inflicted upon their property, rights or interests, including any company or association in which they are interested, in German territory as it existed on August 1, 1914, by the application either of the exceptional war measures or measures of transfer mentioned in paragraphs 1 and 3 of the Annex hereto. The claims made in this respect by such nationals shall be investigated, and the total of the compensation shall be determined by the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal provided for in Section VI or by an Arbitrator appointed by that Tribunal. This compensation shall be borne by Germany, and may be charged upon the property of German nationals within the territory or under the control of the claimant's State. This property may be constituted as a pledge for enemy liabilities under the conditions fixed by paragraph 4 of the Annex hereto. The payment of this compensation may be made by the Allied or Associated State, and the amount will be debited to Germany.
(f) Whenever a national of an Allied or Associated Power is entitled to property which has been subjected to a measure of transfer in German territory and expresses a desire for its restitution, his claim for compensation in accordance with paragraph (e) shall be satisfied by the restitution of the said property if it still exists in specie.
In such case Germany shall take all necessary steps to restore the evicted owner to the possession of his property, free from all encumbrances or burdens with which it may have been charged after the liquidation, and to indemnify all third parties injured by the restitution.
If the restitution provided for in this paragraph cannot be effected, private agreements arranged by the intermediation of the Powers concerned or the Clearing Offices provided for in the Annex to Section III may be made, in order to secure that the national of the Allied or Associated Power may secure compensation for the injury referred to in paragraph (e) by the grant of advantages or equivalents which he agrees to accept in place of the property, rights or interests of which he was deprived.
Through restitution in accordance with this Article, the price or the amount
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of compensation fixed by the application of paragraph (e) will be reduced by the actual value of the property restored, account being taken of compensation in respect of loss of use or deterioration.
(g) The rights conferred by paragraph (f) are reserved to owners who are nationals of Allied or Associated Powers within whose territory legislative measures prescribing the general liquidation of enemy property, rights or interests were not applied before the signature of the Armistice.
(h) Except in cases where, by application of paragraph (f), restitutions in specie have been made, the net proceeds of sales of enemy property, rights or interests wherever situated carried out either by virtue of war legislation, or by application of this Article, and in general all cash assets of enemies, shall be dealt with as follows:
(1) As regards Powers adopting Section III and the Annex thereto, the said proceeds and cash assets shall be credited to the Power of which the owner is a national, through the Clearing Office established thereunder; any credit balance in favour of Germany resulting therefrom shall be dealt with as provided in Article 243.
(2) As regards Powers not adopting Section III and the Annex thereto, the proceeds of the property, rights and interests, and the cash assets, of the nationals of Allied or Associated Powers held by Germany shall be paid immediately to the person entitled thereto or to his Government; the proceeds of the property, rights and interests, and the cash assets, of German nationals received by an Allied or Associated Power shall be subject to disposal by such Power in accordance with its laws and regulations, and may be applied in payment of the claims and debts defined by this Article or paragraph 4 of the Annex hereto. Any property, rights and interests or proceeds thereof or cash assets not used as above provided may be retained by the said Allied or Associated Power, and if retained the cash value thereof shall be dealt with as provided in Article 243.
In the case of liquidations effected in new States, which are signatories of the present Treaty as Allied and Associated Powers, or in States which are not entitled to share in the reparation payments to be made by Germany, the proceeds of liquidations effected by such States shall, subject to the rights of the Reparation Commission under the present Treaty, particularly under Articles 235 and 260, be paid direct to the owner. If on the application of that owner, the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal, provided for by Section VI of this Part or an arbitrator appointed by that Tribunal, is satisfied that the conditions of the sale or measures taken by the Government of the State in question outside its general legislation were unfairly prejudicial to the price obtained, they shall have discretion to award to the owner equitable compensation to be paid by that State.
(i) Germany undertakes to compensate her nationals in respect of the sale or retention of their property, rights or interests in Allied or Associated States.
(j) The amount of all taxes and imposts upon capital levied or to be levied by Germany on the property, rights and interests of the nationals of the Allied or Associated Powers from November 11, 1918, until three months from the coming into force of the present Treaty, or, in the case of property, rights or interests which have been subjected to exceptional measures of war, until restitution in accordance with the present Treaty, shall be restored to the owners.
Article 298

Germany undertakes, with regard to the property, rights and interests, including companies and associations in which they were interested, restored to nationals of Allied and Associated Powers in accordance with the provisions of Article 297, paragraph (a) or (f):
(a) to restore and maintain, except as expressly provided in the present Treaty, the property, rights and interests of the nationals of Allied or Associated Powers in the legal position obtaining in respect of the property, rights and interests of German nationals under the laws in force before the war; (b) not to subject the property, rights or interests of the nationals of the Allied or Associated Powers to any measures in derogation of property rights which are not applied equally to the property, rights and interests of German nationals, and to pay adequate compensation in the event of the application of these measures.
ANNEX

1.

In accordance with the provisions of Article 297, paragraph (d), the validity of vesting orders and of orders for the winding up of businesses or companies, and of any other orders, directions, decisions or intructions of any court or any department of the Government of any of the High Contracting Parties made or given, or purporting to be made or given, in pursuance of war legislation with regard to enemy property, rights and interests is confirmed. The interests of all persons shall be regarded as having been effectively dealt with by any order, direction, decision or instruction dealing with property in which they may be interested, whether or not such interests are specifically mentioned in the order, direction, decision, or instruction. No question shall be raised as to the regularity of a transfer of any property, rights or interests dealt with in pursuance to any such order, direction, decision or instruction. Every action taken with regard to any property, business, or company, whether as
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regards its investigation, sequestration, compulsory administration, use, requisition, supervision, for winding up, the sale or management of property, rights or interests, the collection or discharge of debts, the payment of costs, charges or expenses, or any other matter whatsoever, in pursuance of orders, directions, decisions, or instructions of any court or of any department of the Government of any of the High Contracting Parties, made or given, or purporting to be made or given, in pursuance of war legislation with regard to enemy property, rights or interests, is confirmed. Provided that the provisions of this paragraph shall not be held to prejudice the titles to property heretofore acquired in good faith and for value and in accordance with the laws of the country in which the property is situated by nationals of the Allied and Associated Powers.
The provisions of this paragraph do not apply to such of the above-mentioned measures as have been taken by the German authorities in invaded or occupied territory, nor to such of the above-mentioned measures as have been taken by Germany or the German authorities since November 11, 1918, all of which shall be void.
2.

No claim or action shall be made or brought against any Allied or Associated Power or against any person acting on behalf of or under the direction of any legal authority or department of the Government of such a Power by Germany or by any German national wherever resident in respect of any act or omission with regard to his property, rights or interests during the war or in preparation for the war. Similarly no claim or action shall be made or brought against any person in respect of any act or omission under or in accordance with the exceptional war measures, laws or regulations of any Allied or Associated Power.
3.

In Article 297 and this Annex the expression "exceptional war measures" includes measures of all kinds, legislative, administrative, judicial or others, that have been taken or will be taken hereafter with regard to enemy property, and which have had or will have the effect of removing from the proprietors the power of disposition over their property, though without affecting the ownership, such as measures of supervision, of compulsory administration, and of sequestration; or measures which have had or will have as an object the seizure of, the use of, or the interference with enemy assets, for whatsoever motive, under whatsoever form or in whatsoever place. Acts in the execution of these measures include all detentions, instructions, orders or decrees of Government departments or courts applying these measures to enemy property, as well as acts performed by any person connected with the administration or the supervision of enemy property, such as the payment of debts, the collecting of credits, the payment of any costs, charges or expenses, or the collecting of fees.
Measures of transfer are those which have affected or will affect the ownership of enemy property by transferring it in whole or in part to a person other than the enemy owner, and without his consent, such as measures directing the sale, liquidation, or devolution of ownership in enemy property, or the cancelling of titles or securities.
4.

All property, rights and interests of German nationals within the territory of any Allied or Associated Power and the net proceeds of their sale, liquidation or other dealing therewith may be charged by that Allied or Associated Power in the first place with payment of amounts due in respect of claims by the nationals of that Allied or Associated Power with regard to their property, rights and interests, including companies and associations in which they are interested, in German territory, or debts owing to them by German nationals, and with payment of claims growing out of acts committed by the German Government or by any German authorities since July 31, 1914, and before that Allied or Associated Power entered into the war. The amount of such claims may be assessed by an arbitrator appointed by Mr. Gustave Ador, if he is willing, or if no such appointment is made by him, by an arbitrator appointed by the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal provided for in Section VI. They may be charged in the second place with payment of the amounts due in respect of claims by the nationals of such Allied or Associated Power with regard to their property, rights and interests in the territory of other enemy Powers, in so far as those claims are otherwise unsatisfied.
5.

Notwithstanding the provisions of Article 297, where immediately before the outbreak of war a company incorporated in an Allied or Associated State had rights in common with a company controlled by it and incorporated in Germany to the use of trade-marks in third countries, or enjoyed the use in common with such company of unique means of reproduction of goods or articles for sale in third countries, the former company shall alone have the right to use these trade-marks in third countries to the exclusion of the German company, and these unique means of reproduction shall be handed over to the former company, notwithstanding any action taken under German war legislation with regard to the latter company or its business, industrial property or shares. Nevertheless, the former company, if requested, shall deliver to the latter company derivative copies permitting the continuation of reproduction of articles for use within German territory.

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6.

Up to the time when restitution is carried out in accordance with Article 297, Germany is responsible for the conservation of property, rights and interests of the nationals of Allied or Associated Powers, including companies and associations in which they are interested, that they have been subjected by her to exceptional war measures.
7.

Within one year from the coming into force of the present Treaty the Allied or Associated Powers will specify the property, rights and interests over which they intend to exercise the right provided in Article 297, paragraph (f).
8.

The restitution provided in Article 297 will be carried out by order of the German Government or of the authorities which have been substituted for it. Detailed accounts of the action of administrators shall be furnished to the interested persons by the German authorities upon request, which may be made at any time after the coming into force of the present Treaty.
9.

Until completion of the liquidation provided for by Article 297, paragraph (b), the property, rights and interests of German nationals will continue to be subject to exceptional war measures that have been or will be taken with regard to them.
10.

Germany will, within six months from the coming into force of the present Treaty, deliver to each Allied or Associated Power all securities, certificates, deeds, or other documents of title held by its nationals and relating to property, rights or interests situated in the territory of that Allied or Associated Power, including any shares, stock, debentures, debenture stock, or other obligations of any company incorporated in accordance with the laws of that Power.
Germany will at any time on demand of any Allied or Associated Power furnish such information as may be required with regard to the property, rights and interests of German nationals within the territory of such Allied or Associated Power, or with regard to any transactions concerning such property, rights or interests effected since July 1, 1914.
11.

The expression "cash assets" includes all deposits or funds established before or after the declaration of war, as well as all assets coming from deposits, revenues, or profits collected by administrators, sequestrators, or others from funds placed on deposit or otherwise, but does not include sums belonging to the Allied or Associated Powers or to their component States, Provinces, or Municipalities.
12.

All investments wheresoever effected with the cash assets of nationals of the High Contracting Parties, including companies and associations in which such nationals were interested, by persons responsible for the administration of enemy properties or having control over such administration, or by order of such persons or of any authority whatsoever shall be annulled. These cash assets shall be accounted for irrespective of any such investment.
13.

Within one month from the coming into force of the present Treaty, or on demand at any time, Germany will deliver to the Allied and Associated Powers all accounts, vouchers, records, documents, and information of any kind which may be within German territory, and which concern the property, rights and interests of the nationals of those Powers, including companies and associations in which they are interested, that have been subjected to an exceptional war measure, or to a measure of transfer either in German territory or in territory occupied by Germany or her allies.
The controllers, supervisors, managers, administrators, sequestrators, liquidators and receivers shall be personally responsible under guarantee of the German Government for the immediate delivery in full of these accounts and documents, and for their accuracy.
14.

The provisions of Article 297 and this Annex relating to property, rights and interests in an enemy country, and the proceeds of the liquidation thereof, apply to debts, credits and accounts, Section III regulating only the method of payment.
In the settlement of matters provided for in Article 297 between Germany and the Allied or Associated States, their colonies or protectorates, or any one of the British Dominions or India, in respect of any of which a declaration shall not have been made that they adopt Section III, and between their respective nationals, the provisions of Section III respecting the currency in which payment is to be made and the rate of exchange and of interest shall apply unless the Government of the Allied or Associated Power concerned shall within six months of the coming into force of the present Treaty notify Germany that the said provisions are not to be applied.
15.

The provisions of Article 297 and this Annex apply to industrial, literary and artistic property which has been or will be dealt with in the liquidation of property, rights, interests, companies or businesses under war legislation by the Allied or Associated Powers, or in accordance with the stipulations of
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Article 297, paragraph (b).
SECTION V

Contracts, Prescriptions, Judgments

Article 299

(a) Any contract concluded between enemies shall be regarded as having been dissolved as from the time when any two of the parties became enemies, except in respect of any debt or other pecuniary obligation arising out of any act done or money paid thereunder, and subject to the exceptions and special rules with regard to particular contracts or classes of contracts contained herein or in the Annex hereto.
(b) Any contract of which the execution shall be required in the general interest, within six months from the date of the coming into force of the present Treaty, by the Allied or Associated Governments of which one of the parties is a national, shall be excepted from dissolution under this Article.
When the execution of the contract thus kept alive would, owing to the alteration of trade conditions, cause one of the parties substantial prejudice the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal provided for by Section VI shall be empowered to grant to the prejudiced party equitable compensation.
(c) Having regard to the provisions of the constitution and law of the United States of America, of Brazil, and of Japan, neither the present Article, nor Article 300, nor the Annex hereto shall apply to contracts made between nationals of these States and German nationals; nor shall Article 305 apply to the United States of America or its nationals.
(d) The present Article and the Annex hereto shall not apply to contracts the parties to which became enemies by reason of one of them being an inhabitant of territory of which the sovereignty has been transferred, if such party shall acquire under the present Treaty the nationality of an Allied or Associated Power, nor shall they apply to contracts between nationals of the Allied and Associated Powers between whom trading has been prohibited by reason of one of the parties being in Allied or Associated territory in the occupation of the enemy.
(e) Nothing in the present Article or the Annex hereto shall be deemed to invalidate a transaction lawfully carried out in accordance with a contract between enemies if it has been carried out with the authority of one of the belligerent Powers.
Article 300

(a) All periods of prescription, or limitation of right of action, whether they began to run before or after the outbreak of war, shall be treated in the territory of the High Contracting Parties, so far as regards relations between enemies, as having been suspended for the duration of the war. They shall begin to run again at earliest three months after the coming into force of the present Treaty. This provision shall apply to the period prescribed for the presentation of interest or dividend coupons or for the presentation for repayment of securities drawn for repayment or repayable on any other ground.
(b) Where, on account of failure to perform any act or comply with any formality during the war, measures of execution have been taken in German territory to the prejudice of a national of an Allied or Associated Power, the claim of such national shall, if the matter does not fall within the competence of the Courts of an Allied or Associated Power, be heard by the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal provided for by Section VI.
(c) Upon the application of any interested person who is a national of an Allied or Associated Power the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal shall order the restoration of the rights which have been prejudiced by the measures of execution referred to in paragraph (b), wherever, having regard to the particular circumstances of the case, such restoration is equitable and possible.
If such restoration is inequitable or impossible the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal may grant compensation to the prejudiced party to be paid by the German Government.
(d) Where a contract between enemies has been dissolved by reason either of failure on the part of either party to carry out its provisions or of the exercise of a right stipulated in the contract itself the party prejudiced may apply to the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal for relief. The Tribunal will have the powers provided for in paragraph (c).
(e) The provisions of the preceding paragraphs of this Article shall apply to the nationals of Allied and Associated Powers who have been prejudiced by reason of measures referred to above taken by Germany in invaded or occupied territory, if they have not been otherwise compensated.
(f) Germany shall compensate any third party who may be prejudiced by any restitution or restoration ordered by the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal under the provisions of the preceding paragraphs of this Article.
(g) As regards negotiable instruments, the period of three months provided under paragraph (a) shall commence as from the date on which any exceptional regulations applied in the territories of the interested Power with regard to negotiable instruments shall have definitely ceased to have force.
Article 301

As between enemies no negotiable instrument made before the war shall be deemed to have become invalid by reason only of failure within the required
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time to present the instrument for acceptance or payment or to give notice of non-acceptance or non-payment to drawers or indorsers or to protest the instrument, nor by reason of failure to complete any formality during the war.
Where the period within which a negotiable instrument should have been presented for acceptance or for payment, or within which notice of non-acceptance or non-payment should have been given to the drawer or indorser, or within which the instrument should have been protested, has elapsed during the war, and the party who should have presented or protested the instrument or have given notice of non-acceptance or non-payment has failed to do so during the war, a period of not less than three months from the coming into force of the present Treaty shall be allowed within which presentation, notice of non-acceptance or non-payment or protest may be made.
Article 302

Judgments given by the courts of an Allied or Associated Power in all cases which, under the present Treaty, they are competent to decide, shall be recognized in Germany as final, and shall be enforced without it being necessary to have them declared executory.
If a judgment in respect of any dispute which may have arisen has been given during the war by a German court against a national of an Allied or Associated State in a case in which he was not able to make his defence, the Allied and Associated national who has suffered prejudice thereby shall be entitled to recover compensation, to be fixed by the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal provided for in Section VI.
At the instance of the national of the Allied or Associated Power the compensation above-mentioned may, upon order to that effect of the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal, be effected where it is possible by replacing the parties in the situation which they occupied before the judgment was given by the German court.
The above compensation may likewise be obtained before the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal by the nationals of Allied or Associated Powers who have suffered prejudice by judicial measures taken in invaded or occupied territories if they have not been otherwise compensated.
Article 303

For the purpose of Sections III, IV, V, and VII, the expression "during the war" means for each Allied or Associated Power the period between the commencement of the state of war between that Power and Germany and the coming into force of the present Treaty.
ANNEX

I General Provisions

1.

Within the meaning of Articles 299, 300 and 301, the parties to a contract shall be regarded as enemies when trading between them shall have been prohibited by or otherwise became unlawful under laws, orders or regulations to which one of those parties was subject. They shall be deemed to have become enemies from the date when such trading was prohibited or otherwise became unlawful.
2.

The following classes of contracts are excepted from dissolution by Article 299 and, without prejudice to the rights contained in Article 297 (b) of Section IV, remain in force subject to the applications of domestic laws, orders or regulations made during the war by the Allied and Associated Powers and subject to the terms of the contracts:
(a) Contracts having for their object the transfer of estates or of real or personal property where the property therein had passed or the object had been delivered before the parties became enemies;
(b) Leases and agreements for leases of land and houses;
(c) Contracts of mortgage, pledge or lien;
(d) Concessions concerning mines, quarries or deposits;
(e) Contracts betweeen individuals or companies and States, provinces, municipalities or other similar judicial persons charged with administrative functions, and concessions granted by States, provinces, municipalities or other similar judicial persons charged with administrative functions.
3.

If the provisions of a contract are in part dissolved under Article 299, the remaining provisions of that contract shall, subject to the same application of domestic laws as is provided for in paragraph 2, continue in force if they are severable, but where they are not severable the contract shall be deemed to have been dissolved in its entirety.
II Provisions relating to certain classes of Contracts
Stock Exchange and Commercial Exchange Contracts

4.

(a) Rules made during the war by any recognized Exchange or Commercial Association providing for the closure of contracts entered into before the war by an enemy are confirmed by the High Contracting Parties, as also any action taken thereunder, provided:
(i) That the contract was expressed to be made subject to the rules of the Exchange or Association in question;
(ii) That the rules applied to all persons concerned;
(iii) That the conditions attaching to the closure were fair and reasonable.

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(b) The preceding paragraph shall not apply to rules made during the occupation by Exchanges or Commercial Associations in the districts occupied by the enemy.
(c) The closure of contracts relating to cotton "futures," which were closed as on July 31, 1914, under the decision of the Liverpool Cotton Association, is also confirmed.
Security

5.

The sale of a security held for an unpaid debt owing by an emeny shall be deemed to have been valid irrespective of notice to the owner if the creditor acted in good faith and with reasonable care and prudence, and no claim by the debtor on the ground of such sale shall be admitted.
This stipulation shall not apply to any sale of securities effected by an enemy during the occupation in regions invaded or occupied by the enemy.
Negotiable Instruments

6.

As regards Powers which adopt Section III and the Annex thereto the pecuniary obligations existing between enemies and resulting from the issue of negotiable instruments shall be adjusted in conformity with the said Annex by the instrumentality of the Clearing Offices, which shall assume the rights of the holder as regards the various remedies open to him.
7.

If a person has either before or during the war become liable upon a negotiable instrument in accordance with an undertaking given to him by a person who has subsequently become an enemy, the latter shall remain liable to indemnify the former in respect of his liability notwithstanding the outbreak of war.
III Contracts of Insurance

8.

Contracts of insurance entered into by any person with another person who subsequently became an enemy will be dealt with in accordance with the following paragraphs.
Fire Insurance

9.

Contracts for the insurance of property against fire entered into by a person interested in such property with another person who subsequently became an enemy shall not be deemed to have been dissolved by the outbreak of war, or by the fact of the person becoming an enemy, or on account of the failure during the war and for a period of three months thereafter to perform his obligations under the contract, but they shall be dissolved at the date when the annual premium becomes payable for the first time after the expiration of a period of three months after the coming into force of the present Treaty.
A settlement shall be effected of unpaid premiums which became due during the war, or of claims for losses which occurred during the war.
10.

Where by administrative or legislative action an insurance against fire effected before the war has been transferred during the war from the original to another insurer, the transfer will be recognized and the liability of the original insurer will be deemed to have ceased as from the date of the transfer. The original insurer will, however, be entitled to receive on demand full information as to the terms of the transfer, and if it should appear that these terms were not equitable they shall be amended so far as may be necessary to render them equitable.
Furthermore, the insured shall, subject to the concurrence of the original insurer, be entitled to retransfer the contract to the original insurer as from the date of the demand.
Life Insurance

11.

Contracts of life insurance entered into between an insurer and a person who subsequently became an enemy shall not be deemed to have been dissolved by the outbreak of war, or by the fact of the person becoming an enemy.
Any sum which during the war became due upon a contract deemed not to have been dissolved under the preceding provisions shall be recoverable after the war with the addition of interest at 5 per cent. per annum from the date of its becoming due up to the day of payment.
Where the contract has lapsed during the war owing to non-payment of premiums, or has become void from breach of the conditions of the contract, the assured or his representatives or the persons entitled shall have the right at any time within twelve months of the coming into force of the present Treaty to claim from the insurer the surrender value of the policy at the date of its lapse or avoidance.
Where the contract has lapsed during the war owing to non-payment of premiums the payment of which has been prevented by the enforcement of measures of war, the assured or his representative or the persons entitled shall have the right to restore the contract on payment of the premiums with interest at 5 per cent. per annum within three months from the coming into force of the present Treaty.
12.

Any Allied or Associated Power may within three months of the coming into force of the present Treaty cancel all the contracts of insurance running
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between a German insurance company and its nationals under conditions which shall protect its nationals from any prejudice.
To this end the German insurance company will hand over to the Allied or Associated Government concerned the proportion of its assets attributable to the policies so cancelled and will be relieved from all liability in respect of such policies. The assets to be handed over shall be determined by an actuary appointed by the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal.
13.

Where contracts of life insurance have been entered into by a local branch of an insurance company established in a country which subsequently became an enemy country, the contract shall, in the absence of any stipulation to the contrary in the contract itself, be governed by the local law, but the insurer shall be entitled to demand from the insured or his representatives the refund of sums paid on claims made or enforced under measures taken during the war, if the making or enforcement of such claims was not in accordance with the terms of the contract itself or was not consistent with the laws or treaties existing at the time when it was entered into.
14.

In any case where by the law applicable to the contract the insurer remains bound by the contract notwithstanding the non-payment of premiums until notice is given to the insured of the termination of the contract, he shall be entitled where the giving of such notice was prevented by the war to recover the unpaid premiums with interest at 5 per cent. per annum from the insured.
15.

Insurance contracts shall be considered as contracts of life assurance for the purpose of paragraphs 11 to 14 when they depend on the probabilities of human life combined with the rate of interest for the calculation of the reciprocal engagements between the two parties.
Marine Insurance

16.

Contracts of marine insurance including time policies and voyage policies entered into between an insurer and a person who subsequently became an enemy, shall be deemed to have been dissolved on his becoming an enemy, except in cases where the risk undertaken in the contract had attached before he became an enemy.
Where the risk had not attached, money paid by way of premium or otherwise shall be recoverable from the insurer.
Where the risk had attached effect shall be given to the contract notwithstanding the party becoming an enemy, and sums due under the contract either by way of premiums or in respect of losses shall be recoverable after the coming into force of the present treaty.
In the event of any agreement being come to for the payment of interest on sums due before the war to or by the nationals of States which have been at war and recovered after the war, such interest shall in the case of losses recoverable under contracts of marine insurance run from the expiration of a period of one year from the date of the loss.
17.

No contract of marine insurance with an insured person who subsequently became an enemy shall be deemed to cover losses due to belligerent action by the Power of which the insurer was a national or by the allies or associates of such Power.
18.

Where it is shown that a person who had before the war entered into a contract of marine insurance with an insurer who subsequently became an enemy entered after the outbreak of war into a new contract covering the same risk with an insurer who was not an enemy, the new contract shall be deemed to be substituted for the original contract as from the date when it was entered into, and the premiums payable shall be adjusted on the basis of the original insurer having remained liable on the contract only up till the time when the new contract was entered into.
Other Insurances

19.

Contracts of insurance entered into before the war between an insurer and a person who subsequently became an enemy, other than contracts dealt with in paragraphs 9 to 18, shall be treated in all respects on the same footing as contracts of fire insurance between the same persons would be dealt with under the said paragraphs.
Re-insurance

20.

All treaties of re-insurance with a person who became an enemy shall be regarded as having been abrogated by the person becoming an enemy, but without prejudice in the case of life or marine risks which had attached before the war to the right to recover payment after the war for sums due in respect of such risks.
Nevertheless if, owing to invasion, it has been impossible for the re-insured to find another re-insurer, the treaty shall remain in force until three months after the coming into force of the present Treaty.
Where a re-insurance treaty becomes void under this paragraph, there shall be an adjustment of accounts between the parties in respect both of premiums paid and payable and of liabilities for losses in respect of life or marine risk
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which had attached before the war. In the case of risks other than those mentioned in paragraphs 11 to 18 the adjustment of accounts shall be made as at the date of the parties becoming enemies without regard to claims for losses which may have occurred since that date.
21.

The provisions of the preceding paragraph will extend equally to re-insurances existing at the date of the parties becoming enemies of particular risks undertaken by the insurer in a contract of insurance against any risks other than life or marine risks.
22.

Re-insurance of life risks effected by particular contracts and not under any general treaty remain in force.
The provisions of paragraph 12 apply to treaties of re-insurance of life insurance contracts in which enemy companies are the re-insurers.
23.

In case of a re-insurance effected before the war of a contract of marine insurance, the cession of a risk which had been ceded to the re-insurer shall, if it had attached before the outbreak of war, remain valid and effect be given to the contract notwithstanding the outbreak of war; sums due under the contract of re-insurance in respect either of premiums or of losses shall be recoverable after the war.
24.

The provisions of paragraphs 17 and 18 and the last part of paragraph 16 shall apply to contracts for the re-insurance of marine risks.
SECTION VI

Mixed Arbitral Tribunal

Article 304

(a) Within three months from the date of the coming into force of the present Treaty, a Mixed Arbitral Tribunal shall be established between each of the Allied and Associated Powers on the one hand and Germany on the other hand. Each such Tribunal shall consist of three members. Each of the Governments concerned shall appoint one of these members. The President shall be chosen by agreement between the two Governments concerned.
In case of failure to reach agreement, the President of the Tribunal and two other persons, either of whom may in case of need take his place, shall be chosen by the Council of the League of Nations, or, until this is set up, by M. Gustave Ador if he is willing. These persons shall be nationals of Powers that have remained neutral during the war.
If any Government does not proceed within a period of one month in case there is a vacancy to appoint a member of the Tribunal, such member shall be chosen by the other Government from the two persons mentioned above other than the President.
The decision of the majority of the members of the Tribunal shall be the decision of the Tribunal.
(b) The Mixed Arbitral Tribunals established pursuant to paragraph (a), shall decide all questions within their competence under Sections III, IV, V and VII.
In addition, all questions, whatsoever their nature, relating to contracts concluded before the coming into force of the present Treaty between nationals of the Allied and Associated Powers and German nationals shall be decided by the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal, always excepting questions which, under the laws of the Allied, Associated or Neutral Powers, are within the jurisdiction of the National Courts of those Powers. Such questions shall be decided by the National Courts in question, to the exclusion of the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal. The party who is a national of an Allied or Associated Power may nevertheless bring the case before the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal if this is not prohibited by the laws of his country.
(c) If the number of cases justifies it, additional members shall be appointed and each Mixed Arbitral Tribunal shall sit in divisions. Each of these divisions will be constituted as above.
(d) Each Mixed Arbitral Tribunal will settle its own precedure except in so far as it is provided in the following Annex, and is empowered to award the sums to be paid by the loser in respect of the costs and expenses of the proceedings.
(e) Each Government will pay the remuneration of the member of the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal appointed by it and of any agent whom it may appoint to represent it before the Tribunal. The remuneration of the President will be determined by special agreement between the Governments concerned; and this remuneration and the joint expenses of each Tribunal will be paid by the two Governments in equal moieties.
(f) The High Contracting Parties agree that their Courts and authorities shall render to the Mixed Arbitral Tribunals direct all the assistance in their power, particularly as regards transmitting notices and collecting evidence.
(g) The High Contracting Parties agree to regard the decisions of the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal as final and conclusive, and to render them binding upon their nationals.
ANNEX

1.

Should one of the members of the Tribunal either die, retire, or be unable for any reason whatever to discharge his functions, the same procedure will be
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followed for filling the vacancy as was followed for appointing him.
2.

The Tribunal may adopt such rules of procedure as shall be in accordance with justice and equity and decide the order and time at which each party must conclude its arguments, and may arrange all formalities required for dealing with the evidence.
3.

The agent and counsel of the parties on each side are authorized to present orally and in writing to the Tribunal arguments in support or in defence of each case.
4.

The Tribunal shall keep record of the questions and cases submitted and the proceedings thereon, with the dates of such proceedings.
5.

Each of the Powers concerned may appoint a secretary. These secretaries shall act together as joint secretaries of the Tribunal and shall be subject to its direction. The Tribunal may appoint and employ any other necessary officer or officers to assist in the performance of its duties.
6.

The Tribunal shall decide all questions and matters submitted upon such evidence and information as may be furnished by the parties concerned.
7.

Germany agrees to give the Tribunal all facilites and information required by it for carrying out its investigations.
8.

The language in which the proceedings shall be conducted shall, unless otherwise agreed, be English, French, Italian, or Japanese, as may be determined by the Allied or Associated Power concerned.
9.

The place and time for the meetings of each Tribunal shall be determined by the President of the Tribunal.
Article 305

Whenever a competent Court has given or gives a decision in a case covered by Sections III, IV, V or VII, and such decision is inconsistent with the provisions of such Sections, the party who is prejudiced by the decision shall be entitled to obtain redress which shall be fixed by the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal. At the request of the national of an Allied or Associated Power, the redress may, whenever possible, be effected by the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal directing the replacement of the parties in the position occupied by them before the judgment was given by the German Court.
SECTION VII

Industrial Property

Article 306

Subject to the stipulations of the present Treaty, rights of industrial, literary, and artistic property, as such property is defined by the International Conventions of Paris and Berne, mentioned in Article 186, shall be re-established or restored, as from the coming into force of the present Treaty, in the territories of the High Contracting Parties, in favour of the persons entitled to the benefit of them at the moment when the state of war commenced or their legal representatives. Equally, rights which, except for the war, would have been acquired during the war in consequence of an application made for the protection of industrial property, or the publication of a literary or artistic work, shall be recognized and established in favour of those persons who would have been entitled thereto from the coming into force of the present Treaty. Nevertheless, all acts done by virtue of the special measures taken during the war under legislative, executive or administrative authority of any Allied or Associated Power in regard to the rights of German nationals in industrial, literary, or artistic property shall remain in force, and shall continue to maintain their full effect.
No claim shall be made or action brought by Germany or German nationals in respect of the use during the war by the Government of any Allied or Associated Power, or by any persons acting on behalf or with the assent of such Government of any rights in industrial, literary or artistic property, nor in respect of the sale, offering for sale, or use of any products, articles, or apparatus whatsoever to which such rights applied.
Unless the legislation of any one of the Allied or Associated Powers in force at the moment of the signature of the present Treaty otherwise directs, sums due or paid in virtue of any act or operation resulting from the execution of the special measures mentioned in paragraph 1 of this Article shall be dealt with in the same way as other sums due to German nationals are directed to be dealt with by the present Treaty; and sums produced by any special measures taken by the German Government in respect of rights in industrial, literary or artistic property belonging to the nationals of the Allied or Associated Powers shall be considered and treated in the same way as other debts due from German nationals.
Each of the Allied and Associated Powers reserves to itself the right to impose such limitations, conditions or restrictions on rights of industrial, literary or artistic property (with the exception of trade marks) acquired before or during the war, or which may be subsequently acquired in accordance with its legislation, by German nationals, whether by granting licences, or by
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the working, or by preserving control over their exploitation, or in any other way, as may be considered necessary for national defence, or in the public interest, or for assuring the fair treatment by Germany of the rights of industrial, literary and artistic property held in German territory by its nationals, or for securing the due fulfilment of all the obligations undertaken by Germany in the present Treaty. As regards rights of industrial, literary and artistic property acquired after the coming into force of the present Treaty, the right so reserved by the Allied and Associated Powers shall only be exercised in cases where these limitations, conditions or restrictions may be considered necessary for national defence or in the public interest.
In the event of the application of the provisions of the proceeding paragraph by any Allied or Associated Power, there shall be paid reasonable indemnities or royalties, which shall be dealt with in the same way as other sums due to German nationals are directed to be dealt with by the present Treaty.
Each of the Allied or Associated Powers reserves the right to treat as void and of no effect any transfer in whole or in part of or other dealing with rights of or in respect of industrial, literary or artistic property effected after August 1, 1914, or in the future, which would have the result of defeating the objects of the provisions of this Article.
The provisions of this Article shall not apply to rights in industrial, literary or artistic property which have been dealt with in the liquidation of businesses or companies under war legislation by the Allied or Associated Powers, or which may be so dealt with by virtue of Article 297, paragraph (b).
Article 307

A minimum of one year after the coming into force of the present Treaty shall be accorded to the nationals of the High Contracting Parties, without extension fees or other penalty, in order to enable such persons to accomplish any act, fulfil any formality, pay any fees, and generally satisfy any obligation prescribed by the laws or regulations of the respective States relating to the obtaining, preserving, or opposing rights to, or in respect of, industrial property either acquired before August 1, 1914, or which, except for the war, might have been acquired since that date as a result of an application made before the war or during its continuance, but nothing in this Article shall give any right to re-open interference proceedings in the United States of America where a final hearing has taken place.
All rights in, or in respect of, such property which may have lapsed by reason of any failure to accomplish any act, fulfil any formality, or make any payment, shall revive, but subject in the case of patents and designs to the imposition of such conditions as each Allied or Associated Power may deem reasonably necessary for the protection of persons who have manufactured or made use of the subject-matter of such property while the rights had lapsed. Further, where rights to patents or designs belonging to German nationals are revived under this Article, they shall be subject in respect of the grant of licences to the same provisions as would have been applicable to them during the war, as well as to all the provisions of the present Treaty.
The period from August 1, 1914, until the coming into force of the present Treaty shall be excluded in considering the time within which a patent should be worked or a trade mark or design used, and it is further agreed that no patent, registered trade mark or design in force on August 1, 1914, shall be subject to revocation or cancellation by reason only of the failure to work such patent or use such trade mark or design for two years after the coming into force of the present Treaty.
Article 308

The rights of priority, provided by Article 4 of the International Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property of Paris, of March 20, 1883, revised at Washington in 1911 or by any other Convention or Statute, for the filing or registration of applications for patents or models of utility, and for the registration of trade marks, designs and models which had not expired on August 1, 1914, and those which have arisen during the war, or would have arisen but for the war, shall be extended by each of the High Contracting Parties in favour of all nationals of the other High Contracting Parties for a period of six months after the coming into force of the present Treaty.
Nevertheless, such extension shall in no way affect the right of any of the High Contracting Parties or of any person who before the coming into force of the present Treaty was bona fide in possession of any rights of industrial property conflicting with rights applied for by another who claims rights of priority in respect of them, to exercise such rights by itself or himself personally, or by such agents or licensees as derived their rights from it or him before the coming into force of the present Treaty; and such persons shall not be amenable to any action or other process of law in respect of infringement.
Article 309

No action shall be brought and no claim made by persons residing or carrying on business within the territories of Germany on the one part and of the Allied or Associated Powers on the other, or persons who are nationals of such Powers respectively, or by any one deriving title during the war from such persons, by reason of any action which has taken place within the territory of the other party between the date of the declaration of war and that of the coming into force of the present Treaty, which might constitute an infringement of the
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rights of industrial property or rights of literary and artistic property, either existing at any time during the war or revived under the provisions of Articles 307 and 308.
Equally, no action for infringement of industrial, literary or artistic property rights by such persons shall at any time be permissible in respect of the sale or offering for sale for a period of one year after the signature of the present Treaty in the Territories of the Allied or Associated Powers on the one hand or Germany on the other, of products or articles manufactured, or of literary or artistic works published, during the period between the declaration of war and the signature of the present Treaty, or against those who have acquired and continue to use them. It is understood, nevertheless, that this provision shall not apply when the possessor of the rights was domiciled or had an industrial or commercial establishment in the districts occupied by Germany during the war.
This Article shall not apply as between the United States of America, on the one hand, and Germany on the other.
Article 310

Licences in respect of industrial, literary or artistic property concluded before the war between nationals of the Allied or Associated Powers or persons residing in their territory or carrying on business therein, on the one part, and German nationals, on the other part, shall be considered as cancelled as from the date of the declaration of war between Germany and the Allied or Associated Power. But, in any case, the former beneficiary of a contract of this kind shall have the right, within a period of six months, after the coming into force of the present Treaty, to demand from the proprietor of the rights the grant of a new licence, the conditions of which, in default of agreement between the parties, shall be fixed by the duly qualified tribunal in the country under whose legislation the rights had been acquired, except in the case of licences held in respect of rights acquired under German law. In such cases the conditions shall be fixed by the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal referred to in Section VI of this Part. The tribunal may, if necessary, fix also the amount which it may deem just should be paid by reason of the use of the rights during the war.
No licence in respect of industrial, literary or artistic property, granted under the special war legislation of any Allied or Associated Power, shall be affected by the continued existence of any licence entered into before the war, but shall remain valid and of full effect, and a licence so granted to the former beneficiary of a licence entered into before the war shall be considered as substituted for such licence.
Where sums have been paid during the war by virtue of a licence or agreement concluded before the war in respect of rights of industrial property or for the reproduction or the representation of literary, dramatic or artistic works, these sums shall be dealt with in the same manner as other debts or credits of German nationals, as provided by the present Treaty.
This Article shall not apply as between the United States of America, on the one hand, and Germany on the other.
Article 311

The inhabitants of territories separated from Germany by virtue of the present Treaty shall, notwithstanding this separation and the change of nationality consequent thereon, continue to enjoy in Germany all the rights in industrial, literary and artistic property to which they were entitled under German legislation at the time of the separation.
Rights of industrial, literary and artistic property which are in force in the territories separated from Germany under the present Treaty at the moment of the separation of those territories from Germany, or which will be re-established or restored in accordance with the provisions of Article 306 of the present Treaty, shall be recognized by the State to which the said territory is transferred, and shall remain in force in that territory for the same period of time given them under the German law.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
The Second Schedule Notice of debt due by a German national

(regulation 13)



C.O. 1.


(To be rendered in triplicate.)
(1) Here insert name, address, and business, or occupation of person making the declaration.
I, (1)
that (2)
, do solemnly and sincerely declare
(2) Here insert-

(a) Grounds on which the claimant is entitled to British nationality.*

(b) Name and address of German national against whom the claim is made.

(c) Amount of the claim.

(d) Particulars of the claim.

(e) Documentary evidence submitted in support of the claim.


And I make this solemn declaration by virtue of the Statutory Declarations Act 1911 conscientiously believing the statements contained therein to be true in every particular.
(3) Signature of person making the declaration.
(3)

Declared at the day of 192 ,

before me.
(4) Signature of person before whom the declaration is made.
(4)
(5) Here insert title of person
(5)
before whom the declaration is made.


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NOTE—Any person who wilfully makes a false statement in a statutory declaration is guilty of an indictable offence, and is liable to imprisonment, with or without hard labour, for four years.
* If the claimant be an individual born within His Majesty's dominions, the date and place of his birth must be stated; if born outside His Majesty's dominions, but deriving British nationality from his father or grandfather, the date and place of the birth of the father or grandfather must be stated.
If the claimant be a naturalized British subject, the date of naturalization and his previous nationality must be stated. If the claimant be a married woman, the grounds on which her husband is entitled to British nationality must be stated.
If the claimant be a company the date and place of incorporation must be stated.

TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
The Third Schedule Table for calculation of amount of quarterly instalments and interest

(regulation 58AA)

Column 1

Where the average price per ton of plantation hot-air dried copra during the last preceding quarter is:
Column 2

Rate of quarterly payment in respect of each £1,000 of purchase money by purchaser who is an Australian soldier
Column 3

Rate per centum per annum at which interest is to be calculated quarterly where the purchaser is an Australian soldier
Column 4

Rate of quarterly payment in respect of each £1,000 of purchase money by purchaser who is not an Australian soldier
Column 5

Rate per centum per annum at which interest is to be calculated quarterly where the purchaser is not an Australian soldier

£
s.
d.

£
s.
d.

Less than £41
Nil
Nil
Nil
Nil
£41 and less than £42
0
14
0
33/4
0
14
0
4
£42 and less than £43
1
8
0
33/4
1
8
0
4
£43 and less than £44
2
2
0
33/4
2
2
0
4
£44 and less than £45
2
16
0
33/4
2
16
0
4
£45 and less than £46
3
10
0
33/4
3
10
0
4
£46 and less than £47
4
4
0
33/4
4
4
0
4
£47 and less than £48
4
18
0
33/4
4
18
0
4
£48 and less than £49
5
12
0
33/4
5
12
0
4
£49 and less than £50
6
6
0
33/4
6
6
0
4
£50 and less than £51
7
0
0
33/4
7
0
0
4
£51 and less than £52
7
14
0
33/4
7
14
0
4
£52 and less than £53
8
8
0
33/4
8
8
0
4
£53 and less than £54
9
2
0
33/4
9
2
0
4
£54 and less than £55
9
16
0
33/4
9
16
0
4
£55 and less than £56
10
10
0
33/4
10
10
0
4
£56 and less than £57
11
4
0
33/4
11
4
0
4
£57 and less than £58
11
18
0
33/4
11
18
0
4
£58 and less than £59
12
12
0
33/4
12
12
0
4
£59 and less than £60
13
6
0
33/4
13
6
0
4
£60 and less than £61
14
0
0
33/4
14
0
0
4
£61 and less than £62
14
14
0
33/4
14
14
0
4
£62 and less than £63
15
8
0
33/4
15
8
0
4
£63 and less than £64
16
2
0
33/4
16
2
0
4
£64 and less than £65
16
16
0
33/4
16
16
0
4
£65 and less than £66
17
10
0
33/4
17
10
0
4
£66 and less than £67
18
4
0
33/4
18
4
0
4
£67 and less than £68
18
18
0
33/4
18
18
0
4
£68 and less than £69
19
12
0
33/4
19
12
0
4
£69 and less than £70
20
6
0
33/4
20
6
0
4
£70 and more than £70
20
6
0
33/4
20
6
0
4

plus an amount of 14s. for each £1 or portion of £1 pound by which the average price per ton of plantation hot-air dried copra exceeds £70.

plus an amount of 14s. for each £1 or portion of £1 pound by which the average price per ton of plantation hot-air dried copra exceeds £70.



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TREATY OF PEACE REGULATIONS
Notes to the Treaty of Peace Regulations

Note 1

The Treaty of Peace Regulations (in force under the Treaty of Peace (Germany) Act 1919) as shown in this compilation comprise Statutory Rules 1920 No. 25 amended as indicated in the Tables below.

Table of Statutory Rules

Year and
number
Date of notification
in Gazette
Date of
commencement
Application, saving or
transitional provisions
1920 No. 25
29 Jan 1920
28 June 1919

1920 No. 235
25 Nov 1920
25 Nov 1920

1921 No. 13
21 Jan 1921
21 Jan 1921

1921 No. 46
3 Mar 1921
3 Mar 1921

1921 No. 78
14 Apr 1921
14 Apr 1921

1921 No. 85
22 Apr 1921
22 Apr 1921

as amended by



1921 No. 109
2 June 1921
2 June 1921

1921 No. 180
15 Sept 1921
15 Sept 1921

1921 No. 200
13 Oct 1921
13 Oct 1921

1921 No. 232
15 Dec 1921
15 Dec 1921

1922 No. 36
23 Feb 1922
23 Feb 1922

1922 No. 65
11 May 1922
11 May 1922

1922 No. 66
12 May 1922
12 May 1922

1922 No. 84
22 June 1922
28 June 1919

1922 No. 121
7 Sept 1922
7 Sept 1922

1922 No. 127
21 Sept 1922
21 Sept 1922

1922 No. 187
21 Dec 1922
21 Dec 1922

1922 No. 190
21 Dec 1922
21 Dec 1922

1922 No. 191
21 Dec 1922
21 Dec 1922

1923 No. 60
24 May 1923
24 May 1923

1923 No. 63
24 May 1923
24 May 1923

1923 No. 151
22 Oct 1923
22 Oct 1923

1923 No. 180
6 Dec 1923
6 Dec 1923

1923 No. 181
6 Dec 1923
23 May 1923

1923 No. 182
6 Dec 1923
6 Dec 1923

1924 No. 31
28 Feb 1924
28 Feb 1924

1924 No. 46
20 Mar 1924
20 Mar 1924

1924 No. 58
24 Apr 1924
24 Apr 1924

1924 No. 78
29 May 1924
29 May 1924

1924 No. 133
28 Aug 1924
28 Aug 1924

1925 No. 15
28 Jan 1925
28 Jan 1925

1925 No. 21
29 Jan 1925
29 Jan 1925

1925 No. 201
26 Nov 1925
26 Nov 1925

1926 No. 24
4 Mar 1926
4 Mar 1926

1926 No. 36
25 Mar 1926
25 Mar 1926

1926 No. 59
6 May 1926
6 May 1926

1926 No. 78
17 June 1926
17 June 1926

1926 No. 104
5 Aug 1926
5 Aug 1926

1926 No. 140
14 Oct 1926
14 Oct 1926

1926 No. 164
25 Nov 1926
25 Nov 1926

1926 No. 192
21 Dec 1926
21 Dec 1926

1926 No. 193
21 Dec 1926
21 Dec 1926

1927 No. 40
5 May 1927
5 May 1927

1927 No. 53
16 June 1927
16 June 1927

1927 No. 76
14 July 1927
14 July 1927

1927 No. 123
3 Nov 1927
3 Nov 1927

1928 No. 10
9 Feb 1928
9 Feb 1928

1928 No. 34
3 May 1928
3 May 1928

1928 No. 67
2 Aug 1928
2 Aug 1928

1928 No. 68
2 Aug 1928
12 June 1928

1929 No. 7
31 Jan 1929
31 Jan 1929

1929 No. 8
31 Jan 1929
31 Jan 1929

1929 No. 73
4 July 1929
4 July 1929

1929 No. 111
24 Oct 1929
24 Oct 1929

1930 No. 19
6 Mar 1930
6 Mar 1930

1930 No. 39
10 Apr 1930
10 Apr 1930

1930 No. 144
11 Dec 1930
11 Dec 1930

1933 No. 3
5 Jan 1933
1 Aug 1931

1936 No. 83
25 June 1936
1 July 1936

1937 No. 109
9 Dec 1937
9 Dec 1937

1951 No. 31
19 Apr 1951
Rr. 2 and 3: 1 Jan 1950
Remainder: 19 Apr 1951
R. 4 (2)
1959 No. 15
5 Mar 1959
5 Mar 1959
R. 2 (2)

Table

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of Amendments

ad. = added or inserted am. = amended rep. = repealed rs. = repealed and substituted
Provision affected
How affected
Heading to Part I
ad. 1921 No. 78
R. 1A
ad. 1921 No. 78
R. 2
am. 1921 No. 46; 1921 No. 78; 1925 No. 15; 1928 No. 68
R. 2A
ad. 1921 No. 78
R. 4A
ad. 1923 No. 63
R. 15A
ad. 1921 No. 200

rs. 1923 No. 151
R. 15B
ad. 1921 No. 200
R. 20
am. 1921 No. 13; 1922 No. 187; 1923 Nos. 63, 180 and 181; 1924 Nos. 78 and 133; 1926 No. 24
R. 20A
ad. 1920 No. 235
R. 20B
ad. 1921 No. 46

am. 1923 No. 182
R. 20C
ad. 1922 No. 84

rs. 1922 No. 191
R. 20C
ad. 1922 No. 127
Renumbered r. 20D
1922 No. 190
R. 20D
rs. 1923 No. 60
R. 21A
ad. 1921 No. 180
R. 23
am. 1921 No. 13
R. 25
am. 1933 No. 3
R. 28
am. 1927 No. 123
Part II
(rr. 31-41)
ad. 1921 No. 78
R. 31
ad. 1921 No. 78

am. 1925 No. 201; 1926 No. 36; 1936 No. 83; 1951 No. 31
R. 32
ad. 1921 No. 78
R. 32A
ad. 1924 No. 58
Rr. 33-35
ad. 1921 No. 78
R. 36
ad. 1921 No. 78

am. 1921 No. 232; 1924 No. 46; 1925 Nos. 21 and 201; 1927 No. 40
R. 36AA
ad. 1926 No. 59
R. 36AB
ad. 1926 No. 78
R. 36A
ad. 1924 No. 31

am. 1926 No. 59
R. 36AB
ad. 1926 No. 104
Renumbered r. 36AC
1927 No. 40
Rr. 37-41
ad. 1921 No. 78
R. 42
ad. 1921 No. 85 (as am. by 1921 No. 109)
R. 43
ad. 1921 No. 85
R. 44
ad. 1922 No. 36

rs. 1922 No. 66
R. 45
ad. 1922 No. 36

rs. 1925 No. 201
R. 46
ad. 1922 No. 36

am. 1922 No. 66; 1924 No. 46; 1925 No. 201; 1926 No. 78; 1928 No 34
R. 46A
ad. 1927 No. 76
R. 47
ad. 1922 No. 36
R. 48
ad. 1922 No. 36

rs. 1925 No. 201
R. 48A
ad. 1925 No. 201
R. 49
ad. 1922 No. 36

rs. 1925 No. 201
R. 50
ad. 1922 No. 36

am. 1922 Nos. 66 and 121; 1925 No. 201;1926 No. 36 and 164; 1929 No. 7; 1933 No. 3; 1936 No. 83; 1951 No. 31
R. 50A
ad. 1925 No. 201

rs. 1926 No. 192
R. 50AA
ad. 1936 No. 83

rs. 1951 No. 31

rep. 1959 No. 15
Rr. 50B-50E
ad. 1925 No. 201
R. 51
ad. 1922 No. 36

rs. 1922 No. 66

am. 1925 No. 201; 1928 No. 67
R. 51A
ad. 1925 No. 201
R. 51AA
ad. 1928 No. 67

am. 1929 No. 111
R. 51B
ad. 1925 No. 201
R. 51C
ad. 1925 No. 201

am. 1930 No. 39
R. 52
ad. 1922 No. 36

am. 1925 No. 201
R. 53
ad. 1922 No. 36

rs. 1922 No. 121

am. 1925 No. 201
R. 54
ad. 1922 No. 36

am. 1922 No. 121
Rr. 55, 56
ad. 1925 No. 201
R. 56A
ad. 1926 No. 140

rs. 1929 No. 73
R. 57
ad. 1925 No. 201
R. 58
ad. 1925 No. 201

am. 1930 Nos. 39 and 144; 1936 No. 83
R. 58A
ad. 1936 No. 83

am. 1937 No. 109; 1951 No. 31
R. 58AA
ad. 1959 No. 15
R. 59
ad. 1926 No. 36
Rr. 60, 61
ad. 1926 No. 193
R. 61A
ad. 1930 No. 19
R. 62
ad. 1927 No. 53

am. 1928 No. 10; 1929 No. 8
The Third Schedule
rs. 1959 No. 15