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Admiralty Rules 1988

Authoritative Version
  • - F2004C00256
  • In force - Superseded Version
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SR 1988 No. 269 Rules/Court & Tribunal Rules as amended, taking into account amendments up to SR 2002 No. 109
Principal Rules
Administered by: Attorney-General's
Start Date 05 Jun 2002
End Date 17 Nov 2006

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988



Compilation Information

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Admiralty Rules 1988

Statutory Rules 1988 No. 269 as amended
made under the
Admiralty Act 1988
This compilation was prepared on 26 March 2003
taking into account amendments up to SR 2002 No. 109
Prepared by the Office of Legislative Drafting,
Attorney-General's Department, Canberra

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
Part I Preliminary

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 1
Name of Rules [see Note 1]

These Rules are the Admiralty Rules 1988.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 2
Commencement

These Rules commence on 1 January 1989.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 3
Interpretation

(1)
In these Rules, unless the contrary intention appears:

amount claimed includes an amount in respect of interest or costs.

arrest warrant means a warrant for the arrest of a ship or other property.

caveator, in relation to a caveat, means the person by whom, or on whose behalf, the caveat was filed.

interested person, in relation to a ship or other property that is under arrest, includes an underwriter or insurer of the ship or property or of a liability in relation to the ship or property.

proceeding means a proceeding commenced under the Act.

Register means a register maintained under subrule 14 (1) or (2) or rule 79.

the Act means the Admiralty Act 1988.

(2) In these Rules, unless the contrary intention appears, a reference to a ship or other property includes a reference to the proceeds of the sale under the Act of the ship or property that have been paid into court under rule 71.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 4
Marshal and Registrar

(1)
Where, in relation to a proceeding in a court, a power, function or duty is conferred or imposed on the Registrar by these Rules, the power or function may be exercised, and the duty shall be performed, by an officer of the court:

(a)
appointed by the court to be a Registrar; or

(b)
authorised by the court, or by the Rules of Court, to exercise the power or function or perform the duty.

(2)
Where, in relation to a proceeding in a court:


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(a)
a power, function or duty is conferred or imposed on the Registrar by these Rules; and

(b)
the Rules of Court concerned authorise a Master of the court to exercise the power or function or perform the duty;

the power or function may be exercised, and the duty must be performed, by a Master.

(3)
Where, in relation to a proceeding in a court, a power, function or duty is conferred or imposed on the Marshal by these Rules, the power or function may be exercised, and the duty must be performed:

(a)
by a person (whether or not an officer of the court):

(i)
appointed by the court to be a Marshal; or
(ii)
authorised by the court, or by the Rules of Court, to exercise the power or function or perform the duty; or
(b)
by an officer or employee of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory, authorised in writing by a Marshal to exercise the power or function or perform the duty on his or her behalf.

(4)
Action may be authorised orally under paragraph (3) (b) where it is not practicable to authorise the action in writing before it is taken, but a written authorisation must be given as soon as practicable.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 5
Headings of documents

A document to be filed in, or issued out of, a court in a proceeding:

(a)
shall include in the heading of the document a title in accordance with Form 1; and

(b)
shall identify the proceeding in accordance with the Rules of Court concerned.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 5A
Service of certain documents and notices

(1)
Subject to subrule (2), this rule applies to the service of documents for the purposes of the Act or these Rules.

(2)
This rule does not apply to the service of:

(a)
initiating process; or

(b)
arrest warrants.

(3)
A document may be served by electronic facsimile message transmitted to a receiving facility installed at the address at which the document would otherwise have been served for the purposes of the Act or these Rules.

(4)
A reference to a document in subrule (3) includes a reference to a document that is to be given to a person to enable the person to exercise a power, or perform a function, for the purposes of the Act or these Rules.


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ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 6
Operation of these Rules

(1)
These Rules are not intended to exclude or limit the operation of Rules of Court of a court exercising jurisdiction under the Act to the extent that those Rules are not inconsistent with these Rules.

(2)
Where an act or omission of a person is an offence against rule 56 and a contempt under Rules of Court or at common law and the person is found guilty of the contempt, the person is not liable to be convicted of the offence.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
Part II Caveats

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
Division 1 Caveats against arrest

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 7
Caveats against arrest

(1)
A caveat against the arrest of a ship or other property shall be in accordance with Form 2 and may be filed in a registry of the Federal Court.

(2)
The caveat shall not be filed unless the Registrar is satisfied (whether because of an undertaking endorsed on the caveat or for other sufficient reason) that the caveator will, in any proceeding of a kind specified in the caveat that is commenced as an action in rem against the ship or property:

(a)
enter an appearance; and

(b)
comply with rule 9.

(3)
The undertaking shall be in accordance with Form 3.

(4)
Without limiting the power of the Registrar under subrule (2), the Registrar may be satisfied for the purposes of that subrule if there is produced to the Registrar an undertaking in writing to satisfy any judgment for the amount specified in the caveat, being an undertaking given by:

(a)
a protection and indemnity association that is a member of the International Group of Protection and Indemnity Associations; or

(b)
a bank within the meaning of the Banking Act 1959 or a State bank.

(5)
The Federal Court may set aside a caveat against the arrest of a ship or other property.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 8
Undertaking by caveator

(1)
The filing of a caveat under rule 7 constitutes an undertaking by the caveator:

(a)
to enter an appearance in a proceeding of a kind specified in the caveat that is commenced as an action in rem against the ship or other property specified in the caveat; and

(b)
to comply with rule 9.

(2)
The undertaking is enforceable by the court in which the proceeding is commenced.


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ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 9
Caveator to give bail

(1)
This rule applies where:

(a)
a caveat against the arrest of a ship or other property is in force;

(b)
under these Rules, initiating process in a proceeding has been served on the caveator;

(c)
the proceeding is a proceeding of the kind specified in the caveat; and

(d)
the caveat specifies an amount not less than the amount claimed.

(2)
Within 3 days after having been so served, the caveator shall, unless otherwise agreed in writing between the caveator and the plaintiff:

(a)
pay into court an amount equal to:

(i)
the amount claimed; or
(ii)
the amount specified in the caveat;
whichever is the less; or

(b)
cause a bail bond to be entered into in that amount, and give notice, in accordance with Part VII.

(3)
A caveator who fails to comply with subrule (2):

(a)
shall be taken to have failed to appear in the proceeding within the time specified for appearing; and

(b)
is liable for committal.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
Division 2 Caveats against release

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 10
Caveats against release

Where a ship or other property is under arrest in a proceeding, a person may file in the court by which the arrest warrant was issued a caveat in accordance with Form 4 against the release from arrest of the ship or property.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 11
Caveats may be set aside

The court may set aside, wholly or in part, the caveat.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
Division 3 General

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 12
Caveats in force for 12 months

(1)
Unless sooner withdrawn or set aside, a caveat remains in force for a period of 12 months or such shorter period, not being less than 7 days, as is specified in the caveat.

(2)
Subrule (1) does not prevent the filing of a further caveat.


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ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 13
Withdrawal of caveats

A caveator may withdraw a caveat by filing an instrument of withdrawal of the caveat in accordance with Form 5.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 14
Registers

(1)
The Registrar of the Federal Court shall maintain a register to be known as the Register of Caveats Against Arrest.

(2)
The Registrar of a court in which a proceeding under the Act may be commenced as an action in rem shall maintain a register to be known as the Register of Caveats Against Release.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
Part III Parties

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 15
Actions in rem: parties

(1)
Initiating process in a proceeding commenced as an action in rem shall specify a relevant person in relation to the maritime claim concerned as a defendant.

(2)
A relevant person may be specified by reference to ownership of, or other relevant relationship with, the ship or other property concerned.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 16
Actions in rem: ship or property

(1)
Initiating process in a proceeding commenced as an action in rem shall identify the ship or other property concerned in relation to the maritime claim.

(2)
If the proceeding is commenced against a surrogate ship, the ship in relation to which it is a surrogate ship shall also be identified in the initiating process.

(3)
Initiating process may identify more than 1 ship as a surrogate ship.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 17
Amendment of process

(1)
The powers of a court in relation to amendment of process and joinder of parties extend to making an order, on such terms as are just:

(a)
substituting for a defendant identified in accordance with subrule 15 (2) another person; and

(b)
substituting for a ship another ship.

(2)
Where process in a proceeding is amended by substituting for a ship another ship, the proceeding shall be taken to have been commenced against the other ship at the time specified in the order or, if no time is so specified, at the time when the order was made.


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ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
Part IV Process

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
Division 1 Initiating process

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 18
Separate commencement of in rem and in personam
actions

A proceeding commenced as an action in personam shall not be commenced by the same initiating process as the process by which a proceeding is commenced as an action in rem.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 19
Initiating process

A proceeding commenced as an action in rem shall be commenced by writ in accordance with Form 6.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 20
Validity of initiating process

Initiating process in a proceeding commenced as an action in rem is effective for service for a period of 12 months after it is issued and may not be served after that time without the leave of the court.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 21
Limitation proceedings

(1)
A limitation proceeding shall be commenced as an action in personam.

(2)
A limitation proceeding shall be commenced by a statement of claim in accordance with Form 7.

(3)
At least 1 of the respondents to the limitation proceeding shall be named as respondent in the initiating process.

(4)
Other respondents need not be so named but may be identified as respondents in the initiating process by reference to their being members of a specified class of persons.

(5)
Initiating process need not be served on respondents so identified.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
Division 2 Statements of claim

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 22
Statements of claim

(1)
In a proceeding commenced as an action in rem, the plaintiff shall, unless the court otherwise orders, file and serve a statement of claim:

(a)
on each party who has entered an appearance; and

(b)
if a caveat against arrest is in force — on the caveator.

(2)
The statement of claim shall be in accordance with the Rules of Court concerned.

(3)
The time within which the statement of claim shall be served:

(a)
on a party — is 14 days after the party has entered an appearance; or

(b)
on a caveator — is 14 days after the time when the initiating process in the proceeding was served on the caveator.


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ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
Division 3 Appearance

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 23
Appearance

(1)
In a proceeding commenced as an action in rem, the time within which an appearance by a party to the proceeding shall be filed is 21 days after service of the initiating process on the party.

(2)
An appearance shall be in accordance with Form 9.

(3)
A copy of the appearance shall be served on the other parties to the proceeding of whose address for service the party has notice.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
Division 4 Preliminary acts

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 24
Application

(1)
This Division applies to a proceeding arising out of a collision between 2 or more ships.

(2)
In a proceeding on a maritime claim:

(a)
arising out of the loss of a ship; or

(b)
for damage done to or by a ship;

the court may, before the pleadings are closed, on application or of its own motion, order that this Division applies in respect of the proceeding.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 25
Preliminary acts

(1)
Unless the court otherwise orders, a party to a proceeding shall file a preliminary act.

(2)
The preliminary act shall be:

(a)
in the case of a collision between 2 or more ships — in accordance with Form 10; and

(b)
in any other case — in accordance with Form 11.

(3)
In a proceeding to which this Division applies by virtue of an order under subrule 24 (2), the parties shall comply with subrule (1) within such time, or such respective times, as is or are specified by the court.

(4)
In any other proceeding to which this Division applies:

(a)
the plaintiff shall comply with subrule (1) within 7 days after the commencement of the proceeding; and

(b)
another party shall comply with subrule (1) within 28 days after entering an appearance and before filing a pleading.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 26
Preliminary acts to be sealed

A preliminary act shall be filed in a closed envelope that has been sealed with the seal of the court and bears the date of filing.


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ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 27
Default in filing preliminary act

(1)
Where the plaintiff fails to comply with rule 25, the court may, on application, dismiss the proceeding.

(2)
Where a defendant fails to comply with rule 25, the plaintiff may take the same steps in the proceeding as may be taken in relation to a defendant who has failed to file a defence.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 28
Opening of preliminary acts

(1)
Subject to subrule (2), the Registrar shall open an envelope containing a preliminary act in a proceeding if the pleadings in the proceeding have been closed.

(2)
The court may, at any stage of the proceeding, on application or of its own motion, order that the Registrar open the envelopes containing the preliminary acts and may make such further orders, including an order under Division 5, as are appropriate.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
Division 5 Trial without pleadings

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 29
Trial without pleadings

Where a defendant in a proceeding has entered an appearance, the court may, on application, if it is satisfied that the proceeding can conveniently be tried without pleadings or without further pleadings, as the case may be:

(a)
order that the proceeding be tried without pleadings or without further pleadings, as the case may be;

(b)
order that the pleadings be limited as specified in the order; and

(c)
give directions as to the further conduct of the proceeding.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
Part V Service of initiating process

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 30
Service of initiating process on ships and other property

(1)
Initiating process in a proceeding commenced as an action in rem:

(a)
against a ship; or

(b)
against other property that is, at the time of service, on board a ship;

shall be served by securely affixing a sealed copy of the process to a mast, or some other conspicuous part, of the ship.

(2)
Initiating process in a proceeding commenced as an action in rem against property that is not, at the time of service, on board a ship shall be served by securely affixing a sealed copy of the process to the property or to a package or container containing the property.

(3)
If access to a ship or property cannot reasonably be obtained, process may be served on the ship or property by:

(a)
handing a sealed copy of the process to a person apparently in charge of the ship or property; or

(b)
if the person refuses to accept service — putting a sealed copy of the process down in the presence of the person and telling the person what the document is.


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(4)
In this rule, sealed copy of the process includes a copy, transmitted by facsimile transmission, of a sealed copy of the process.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 31
Service of initiating process on proceeds

Initiating process in a proceeding commenced as an action in rem against the proceeds of sale of a ship or other property that has been paid into court shall be served by filing a sealed copy of the process in the court in which the proceeds are held.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 32
Service upon caveator

Where:

(a)
a proceeding is commenced as an action in rem against a ship or other property; and

(b)
a caveat against the arrest of the ship or property is in force or, after the proceeding is commenced, is filed;

a sealed copy of the initiating process shall be served on the caveator as soon as practicable after the person on whose behalf it was issued becomes aware of the existence of the caveat.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 33
Service by Marshal

A Marshal may serve initiating process in a proceeding commenced as an action in rem against a ship or other property.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 34
Substituted service

In a proceeding commenced as an action in rem, a court shall not order substituted service of initiating process that is to be served on a ship or other property.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 35
Service on any day

Initiating process in a proceeding commenced as an action in rem may be served on any day.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 36
Service of amended process

Where initiating process in a proceeding commenced as an action in rem has been amended, the amended process shall, unless the court otherwise orders, be served on each person on whom, and on each ship or on the property on which, the initiating process was served.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 37
Acceptance of service

Where, in a proceeding commenced as an action in rem against a ship or other property, a solicitor acting for a defendant in the proceeding or the owner of the ship or property undertakes in writing to accept service of initiating process, or any other instrument, in relation to the proceeding, the process or instrument may be served on the solicitor in any way in which other process of the court may be served on the solicitor instead of being served as mentioned in rule 30, 31, 32 or 36, as the case may be.


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ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 38
Substituted service of statement of claim

A court may order substituted service of a statement of claim.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
Part VI Arrest

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
Division 1 Arrest of ships and other property

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 39
Application for warrant

(1)
A party to a proceeding commenced as an action in rem may apply in accordance with Form 12 for an arrest warrant in respect of the ship or other property against which the proceeding was commenced.

(2)
The application shall be supported by an affidavit of the applicant or of a solicitor or agent of the applicant in accordance with Form 13.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 40
Issue of warrant

(1)
Subject to this rule, the Registrar may issue an arrest warrant.

(2)
The arrest warrant shall be in accordance with Form 14.

(3)
Except by leave of the court, an arrest warrant shall not be issued if the Registrar is made aware that:

(a)
a caveat against the arrest of the ship or other property is in force and:

(i)
the proceeding is a proceeding of the kind specified in the caveat;
(ii)
the caveat specifies an amount that is not less than the amount claimed by the applicant; and
(iii)
the period prescribed by subrule 9 (2) has not expired;
(b)
the proceeding is stayed because payment has been made into court; or

(c)
a bail bond in not less than the amount claimed by the party has been filed.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 41
Liability for Marshal's fees and expenses

An application for an arrest warrant constitutes an undertaking to the court:

(a)
if the application is made by the applicant personally — by the applicant; or

(b)
if the application is made by a solicitor on behalf of the applicant — by the solicitor;

to pay to the Marshal, on demand, an amount equal to the amount of the fees and expenses of the Marshal in relation to the arrest.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 42
Period of validity

(1)
An arrest warrant shall not be executed more than 6 months after it was issued.


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(2)
Subrule (1) does not prevent the issue of a further arrest warrant.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 43
Execution of arrest warrants

(1)
The execution of an arrest warrant must be undertaken by the Marshal.

(1A)
The affidavit in support of the application for the arrest warrant must be served at the same time the arrest warrant is executed.

(2)
The arrest warrant must be executed, and the affidavit served, in the same way as initiating process is served.

(3)
An arrest warrant shall not be executed on a ship or other property unless initiating process in the proceeding concerned has previously been served, or is to be served concurrently with the execution of the warrant, on the ship or property.

(4)
A ship or other property may be arrested in a proceeding after judgment has been given in the proceeding.

(5)
The Marshal shall not execute an arrest warrant if the applicant so requests or the court so orders.

(6)
A request shall be in accordance with Form 15.

(7)
Where an arrest warrant that specifies a ship or other property has been issued, the court may, on the application of:

(a)
if a caveat against the arrest of the ship or property is, at the time of the application, in force — the caveator; or

(b)
in any case — an interested person in relation to the ship or property;

and on such terms as are just, order that the arrest warrant:

(c)
be discharged; or

(d)
be not executed or be not executed within a specified time.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 44
Duration of arrest

A ship or other property specified in an arrest warrant is under arrest from the time when the warrant is executed until it is lawfully released from arrest or is sold by order of the court.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 45
Verification of service

Execution of an arrest warrant shall be verified by affidavit in accordance with Form 16.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 46
Execution on any day

An arrest warrant may be executed on any day.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
Division 2 Custody of ships etc under arrest

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 47
Custody of arrested ships and property

(1)
Subject to these Rules, a Marshal who arrests a ship or other property has the custody of the ship or property.


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(2)
The Marshal shall, unless the court otherwise orders, take all appropriate steps to retain safe custody of, and to preserve, the ship or property, including:

(a)
removing from the ship, or storing, cargo that is under arrest;

(b)
removing cargo from a ship that is under arrest and storing it;

(c)
removing, storing or disposing of perishable goods that are under arrest or are in a ship that is under arrest; and

(d)
moving the ship that is under arrest.

(3)
Subject to an order under paragraph 30 (2) (b) of the Act, where a ship or other property that is under arrest in a proceeding in a court is arrested in a proceeding in another court, subrule (1) only applies in relation to the later arrest after the ship or property has been lawfully released from the earlier arrest.

(4)
Where, in relation to a proceeding commenced as an action in rem that is pending in a court (in this subrule called the first court):

(a)
a Marshal of another court has the custody of the ship or other property; or

(b)
the proceeds of the sale under the Act of the ship or property are held by another court;

the other court may make such orders as are necessary or convenient to transfer the custody of the ship or property to the Marshal of the first court or to transfer the proceeds to the first court.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 48
Applications concerning arrested property

(1)
Where a Marshal has custody of a ship or other property, the Marshal or a party may at any time apply to the court for directions with respect to the ship or property.

(2)
If the Marshal who has the custody is a Marshal of a court other than the court in which the proceeding is pending, the application may be made to either court.

(3)
Notice of an application, not being an application for the release from arrest of property, made by a person other than the Marshal shall be served on the Marshal.

(4)
The court may order the applicant:

(a)
to serve notice of the application; and

(b)
to serve notice of the directions;

on such persons as are specified in the order.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 49
Discharge

(1)
Where:

(a)
cargo on board a ship is under arrest but the ship is not; or

(b)
a ship is under arrest but its cargo is not;

a person who is entitled to immediate possession of the ship or the cargo, respectively, may apply, in accordance with Form 17, to the Marshal to discharge the cargo from the ship.

(2)
Where:


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(a)
the Marshal is satisfied that the applicant is entitled to immediate possession of the ship or cargo;

(b)
the applicant gives an undertaking in writing that is satisfactory to the Marshal to pay on demand to the Marshal the fees and expenses of the Marshal in connection with the discharge; and

(c)
if the Marshal so requires, the applicant indemnifies the Marshal, in a form satisfactory to the Marshal, in respect of any claim against the Marshal arising from the discharge;

the Marshal may comply with the application.

(3)
Where:

(a)
cargo on a ship is under arrest but the ship is not; or

(b)
a ship is under arrest but its cargo is not;

the court may, on application and subject to such terms and conditions as are just, order the cargo to be discharged from the ship.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 50
Preservation, management and control powers

The court may, at any stage of a proceeding, make appropriate orders with respect to the preservation, management or control of a ship or other property that is under arrest in the proceeding.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
Division 3 Release from arrest

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 51
Release by Registrar

(1)
Where a ship or other property is under arrest in a proceeding and the Registrar is satisfied that:

(a)
an amount equal to:

(i)
the amount claimed; or
(ii)
the value of the ship or property;
whichever is the less, has been paid into court; or

(b)
a bail bond for an amount equal to:

(i)
the amount claimed; or
(ii)
the value of the ship or property;
whichever is the less, has been filed;

in the proceeding the Registrar may, on application in accordance with Form 18, order the release from arrest of the ship or property.

(1A)
If a person pays money into court for the purposes of subrule (1), the person must:

(a)
file with the court a notice in accordance with Form 17A; and

(b)
serve a copy of the notice on each of the other parties to the proceeding.

(2)
An order shall not be made under subrule (1) in relation to a ship or other property that has been arrested in a proceeding concerning a claim for salvage unless the value of the ship or property that is under arrest:


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(a)
has been agreed between the parties; or

(b)
has been determined by the court.

(3)
Where, in a proceeding, the party on whose application a ship or other property was arrested consents in writing to the release from arrest of the ship or property, the Registrar may order the release from arrest of the ship or property.

(4)
Subject to section 29 of the Act, where:

(a)
a ship or other property has been arrested in a proceeding; and

(b)
the proceeding has been discontinued or dismissed;

the Registrar may order the release from arrest of the ship or property.

(5)
Where a caveat against the release from arrest of the ship or other property is in force, an order shall not be made under subrule (1), (3) or (4) in relation to the ship or property unless the court so orders.

(6)
The Registrar must not hear an application for the release from arrest of a ship or any property under this rule unless:

(a)
the applicant for the release has given to the plaintiff notice, being notice that the Registrar is satisfied is reasonable in the circumstances, of the hearing of the application for the release; or

(b)
the Registrar is satisfied that there are exceptional circumstances that justify hearing the application without giving notice to the plaintiff.

(7)
If the Registrar orders under subrule (1), (3) or (4) that a ship or any property is to be released from arrest, the Registrar must give notice of the release to the Marshal in accordance with Form 19A.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 52
Release from arrest by the Court

(1)
A party to a proceeding may apply to the court in accordance with Form 19 for the release of a ship or other property that is under arrest in the proceeding.

(2)
Where a caveat against release of the ship or property is in force, a copy of the application shall be served on the caveator.

(3)
On an application under subrule (1), the court may order the release from arrest of the ship or property on such terms as are just.

(4)
The court must not hear an application for the release from arrest of a ship or any property under this rule unless:

(a)
the applicant for the release has given to the plaintiff notice, being notice that the court is satisfied is reasonable in the circumstances, of the hearing of the application for the release; or

(b)
the court is satisfied that there are exceptional circumstances that justify hearing the application without giving notice to the plaintiff.

(5)
If the court orders under subrule (1) that a ship or any property is to be released from arrest, the court must give notice of the release to the Marshal in accordance with Form 19A.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 53
Payment of Marshal's fees and expenses

The Marshal may refuse to release a ship or other property from arrest in accordance with an order under this Part unless arrangements satisfactory to the Marshal have been made for the payment of the fees and expenses of the Marshal in connection with the custody of the ship or property while it was under arrest.


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ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
Part VII Bail

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 54
Bail bonds

(1)
Bail on behalf of a party shall be given by filing a bail bond.

(2)
The bail bond shall be in accordance with Form 20, and, unless the court or a Registrar otherwise orders, shall be signed by 2 sureties.

(3)
The sureties shall sign the bond before a Registrar of any court that has jurisdiction under the Act in a proceeding commenced as an action in rem or before a person before whom affidavits for use in such a court may be sworn, not being a person who, or whose partner, employer or employee, is acting as a barrister or solicitor for the party on whose behalf bail is to be given in the proceeding.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 55
Notice of bail

(1)
A party on whose behalf bail is to be given shall serve a notice of bail and a copy of the bond on each other party to the proceeding.

(2)
Notice of bail shall be in accordance with Form 21.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 56
Objection to bail

(1)
A party who has been served with a notice of bail may, within 24 hours after service of the notice, file a notice of objection in accordance with Form 22 against the sufficiency of the proposed surety.

(2)
The Registrar shall, on a date and at a time and place appointed by the Registrar, determine whether the proposed surety is sufficient.

(3)
Not less than 24 hours before the time so appointed, notice of the hearing of the objection in accordance with Form 23, shall be served:

(a)
on each other party to the proceeding; and

(b)
personally upon the proposed surety.

(4)
A proposed surety who has been served with a notice of the hearing of the objection under subrule (3) shall not fail to attend on the date and at the time and place so appointed, and from day to day thereafter at that time and place, unless excused by the Registrar.

Penalty:

(a)
in the case of a natural person — $1,000; or

(b)
in the case of a body corporate — $5,000.

(5)
If the Registrar determines that the proposed surety is sufficient, then, unless the court otherwise orders, the costs of or incidental to the objection shall be paid by the party objecting.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 57
Filing bonds


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(1)
Subject to subrule (2), a bail bond shall not be filed before the end of 24 hours after notice of the bail has been served under rule 55.

(2)
If a party has objected to the sufficiency of a proposed surety, the bail bond shall not be filed until the Registrar has determined that the proposed surety is sufficient.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 58
Sureties bound

A surety is bound by a bail bond from the time when the bond is filed.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 59
Court may vary bail

(1)
The court may, by order, reduce the amount of bail in respect of which a bail bond has been filed.

(2)
Where the court makes an order under subrule (1), it may also make such orders as are necessary to give effect to the order.

(3)
Subrules (1) and (2) do not affect any other power of the court.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 60
Costs of bail

Subject to subrule 56 (5), the costs of and incidental to obtaining bail shall be taken to be costs in the proceeding.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
Part VIII Limitation proceedings

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 61
Service on at least 1 respondent

(1)
The applicant in a limitation proceeding shall not apply:

(a)
to have the proceeding set down for hearing; or

(b)
for judgment in default of appearance;

unless at least 1 of the persons named as respondents in the initiating process has been served with initiating process.

(2)
An application referred to in paragraph (1) (a) or (b) shall be supported by an affidavit setting out the name and, if known to the applicant, the address, of each other person who, to the knowledge of the applicant, has, or may have, a maritime claim against the applicant arising out of or connected with the matter in respect of which liability is to be limited.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 62
Advertisement of determination

(1)
In a limitation proceeding, where persons are identified as respondents in the initiating process by reference to their being members of a specified class of persons, the court shall, after determining whether the liability of the applicant may be limited and the extent of that liability, make orders:


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(a)
specifying how the determination is to be advertised; and

(b)
fixing a period, ending not less than 2 months after the latest day allowed for the advertisement of the determination, as the period within which a person who claims to have a maritime claim against the applicant in respect of which the applicant's liability has been determined:

(i)
may prosecute that claim; or
(ii)
may apply under rule 64.
(2)
The advertisement of a determination shall be in accordance with Form 24.

(3)
The court need not make an order under subrule (1) if the court is satisfied that all members of the class of persons concerned have been served with initiating process.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 63
Effect of determination

Where a determination in a limitation proceeding has not been advertised under rule 62, the determination binds only persons identified as respondents in the initiating process who have been served with the initiating process.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 64
Proceedings to set aside determinations

(1)
Where, in a limitation proceeding, the determination of the limit of the applicant's liability has been advertised in accordance with rule 62, the court may, on application in accordance with Form 25 by a person who has not been served with initiating process, and on such terms and conditions as are just, vary or set aside the determination.

(2)
The application may not be made after the end of the period fixed under paragraph 62 (1) (b).

(3)
The application and the affidavits in support shall be served:

(a)
on the applicant in the limitation proceeding; and

(b)
on each respondent to that proceeding who entered an appearance in the proceeding;

not less than 7 days before the application is to be determined.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
Part IX Reference of damages and accounts to Registrar

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 65
References to Registrar

In a proceeding, the court may, on application or of its own motion, make an order referring the assessment of damages, or the taking of an account, to the Registrar.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 66
Affidavits

(1)
Where an order referred to in rule 65 is made:

(a)
the party on whose application the order was made; or

(b)
if there is no such party — a party specified by the court;


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shall file and serve on each other party an affidavit specifying the amount claimed and how it was ascertained.

(2)
The affidavit shall be served:

(a)
in a limitation proceeding — within the period fixed in the order; or

(b)
in any other case — within 14 days after the day on which the order was made.

(3)
A party who has been served with an affidavit under subrule (1) may, within 14 days after being so served, file and serve an affidavit in reply.

(4)
The Registrar may then, on application:

(a)
set the reference down for hearing; and

(b)
give directions in relation to the hearing.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 67
Registrar to make determinations

(1)
On a reference under this Part, the Registrar shall determine the amount payable.

(2)
The determination may include orders as to the costs of and incidental to the reference.

(3)
The Registrar shall cause a copy of the determination to be given to each of the parties.

(4)
A determination under this rule has effect as if it were a judgment of the court in the proceeding.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 68
Application to vary

The Court may, on application by a party made within 14 days after the day on which the copy of the determination was given to the party, confirm, vary or rescind the determination or remit the matter to the Registrar for a further determination.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
Part X Valuation and sale

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 69
Orders for valuation and sale

(1)
The court may, on application by a party to a proceeding and either before or after final judgment in the proceeding, order that a ship or other property that is under arrest in the proceeding:

(a)
be valued;

(b)
be valued and sold; or

(c)
be sold without valuation.

(2)
An application for valuation or sale of a ship or other property shall be in accordance with Form 26.

(3)
An order for valuation or sale of a ship or other property shall be in accordance with Form 27.

(4)
An application under subrule (1) constitutes an undertaking by the party who made it to pay, on demand, to the Marshal an amount equal to the amount of the fees and expenses of the Marshal in complying with the order.

(5)
If the ship or property is deteriorating in value, the court may, at any stage of the proceeding, either with or without application, order it to be sold.


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ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 70
Sale

(1)
The sale of a ship or other property ordered to be sold under rule 69 shall be conducted by the Marshal.

(2)
The sale shall be by public auction unless the court otherwise directs.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 71
Returns of sale etc

The Marshal shall, as soon as practicable after the sale of the ship or property:

(a)
file a return of sale;

(b)
pay into court the proceeds of sale; and

(c)
file an account of sale and documents in support of the account for taxation.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 72
Taxation of Marshal's fees and expenses

(1)
The Registrar shall tax the fees and expenses of the Marshal in connection with the valuation and sale of a ship or other property ordered to be sold.

(2)
A person who is an interested person in relation to the proceeds of the sale may appear before the Registrar on the taxation.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
Part XI Priorities

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 73
Applications to determine priorities

(1)
Where a ship or other property has been arrested in a proceeding, a person who has obtained a judgment in a court (including a judgment in a court of a foreign country) against the ship or property, being a judgment that is enforceable in a court of Australia, may apply to the court for determination of the order of priority of claims against the ship or property.

(2)
The court may, on the application, order that notice of the application in accordance with Form 28, specifying the period within which claims may be notified, be given or published as the court directs.

(3)
The determination shall not be made until after the end of the period specified in the notice.

(4)
The Marshal shall file a copy of the relevant part of each publication in which the notice appeared.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 74
Marshal's fees and expenses

The fees and expenses of the Marshal in complying with an order of a court under this Part are part of the expenses of the sale of the ship or other property.


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ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
Part XII Miscellaneous

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 75
Undertakings

Any person who fails to comply with an undertaking given to a court under these Rules is liable for committal.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 76
Wages, collision: security for costs

The master, or a member of the crew, of a ship who is a plaintiff in a proceeding:

(a)
of the kind mentioned in paragraph 4 (3) (t) of the Act; or

(b)
for loss of goods in a collision between 2 or more ships;

shall not be required to give security for costs.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 77
Collision proceedings: stay pending security

Where, in relation to maritime claims arising out of a collision between 2 or more ships:

(a)
a proceeding has been commenced as an action in rem and:

(i)
a counter-claim has been made; or
(ii)
a cross-action has been commenced, whether as an action in personam or an action in rem;
(b)
a ship has been arrested, or security has been given to avoid arrest, by a party; and

(c)
the other party has not arrested a ship or given such security;

the court may, on application, order that the proceeding be stayed until appropriate security has been given to satisfy a judgment given in favour of the other party on the cross-action or counter-claim.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 78
Marshal may make interim demands for fees and expenses

Where a person is liable to pay fees and expenses of a Marshal under these Rules, the Marshal:

(a)
may accept an amount of money as a deposit towards discharging the liability; and

(b)
may make 1 or more demands for interim payments on account of those fees or expenses.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 79
Register of Admiralty proceedings

Each court that has, under the Act, jurisdiction in proceedings commenced as actions in rem shall maintain a register in accordance with Form 29 of all proceedings in the court commenced under the Act to be known as the Register of Admiralty Proceedings.


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ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 80
Court may give directions, vary Rules

(1)
The court may, on application or of its own motion and on such terms as are just:

(a)
give any appropriate direction with respect to a proceeding; and

(b)
by order, extend or abridge any time prescribed by these Rules or by rules of court applicable to a proceeding, whether or not the time has ended.

(2)
The court may, on such terms as are just, dispense with compliance with any of these Rules, either before or after the time for compliance.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 81
Review of Registrar's actions

(1)
A party to a proceeding may apply to the court for review of a decision or other act of a Registrar in the proceeding.

(2)
The court may make such an order on the application as is just.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 82
Instruments to be signed by Registrar, sealed

Each document (including a warrant) issued by or by authority of a court in a proceeding shall:

(a)
be signed by the Registrar;

(b)
be sealed with the seal of the court; and

(c)
show the date on which it was sealed.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
- RULE 83
Inspection of Registers

Any person may inspect a Register without charge.

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
Schedule Forms

(paragraph 5 (a))

Form 1 Title of documents for use in proceedings under the Act

TITLE OF DOCUMENTS FOR USE IN PROCEEDINGS UNDER THE ACT
Admiralty Rules
IN THE (Court1) No. of 19
IN ADMIRALTY
BETWEEN
Plaintiff2
AND
Defendant3
(or THE SHIP4 )
(or THE SHIP(S)5
AS SURROGATE(S) FOR THE
SHIP4 )
(or THE SHIP4 AND THE
SHIP(S)5
AS SURROGATE(S) FOR THAT
SHIP)
(or6 )
(or THE SHIP4

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and
6).
1. insert name of court exercising admiralty jurisdiction
2. insert name of plaintiff
3. insert name of defendant
4. only 1 ship may be named
5. if the claim is against a surrogate ship or surrogate ships, insert the name or names of the surrogate or surrogates
6. if the claim is against property, insert a short description of the property

Form 2 Caveat against arrest of ship or other property

(subrule 7 (1))

(Title)
CAVEAT AGAINST ARREST OF SHIP OR OTHER PROPERTY
Ship/property1: 2
Caveat by: 3
Relationship with ship/property1: 4
Caveat expires: 5
Amount for which caveat entered: $ 6
Kind of proceeding to which caveat applies: 7
Address for service of caveator: 8
If a proceeding to which this caveat applies is commenced against the ship/property1 in any Australian court, I undertake to:

(a)
enter an appearance in the proceeding; and

(b)
comply with any obligations as to bail or payment into court under rule 9 of the Admiralty Rules;

within 3 days after being served with initiating process in the proceeding.
1. strike out whichever is not applicable
2. if ship, insert name of ship and port of registry; if other property, insert description of property
3. insert name of applicant
4. insert short particulars of relationship
5. if caveat to be in force for less than 12 months, specify time, but not less than
7. days
6. insert amount
7. list kinds of proceedings to which caveat applies, for example, "All proceedings", "Any proceeding on a claim referred to in subsection 4 (2) or paragraph 4 (3) (a) to (g) (inclusive) of the Admiralty Act 1988" or as appropriate
8. insert address for service

Form 3 Solicitor's undertaking

(subrule 7 (3))

(Title)
SOLICITOR'S UNDERTAKING
(To be endorsed on the caveat)
If a proceeding to which this caveat applies is commenced against the ship/property1 in any Australian court, I undertake that the caveator on whose behalf the caveat is filed1 will:
(a) enter an appearance in the proceeding; and
(b) comply with the obligations as to bail or payment into court under rule 9 of the Admiralty Rules;
within 3 days after being served with initiating process in the proceeding.
1. strike out whichever is not applicable

Form 4 Caveat against release from arrest of ship or other property

(rule 10)

(Title)
CAVEAT AGAINST RELEASE FROM ARREST OF SHIP OR OTHER PROPERTY
Ship/property1, 2
Caveat by: 3
4Relationship with ship/property1: 5
Address for service of caveator: 6
1. strike out whichever is not applicable
2. if ship, insert name of ship and port of registry; if other property, describe property; if the ship/property has not been sold but may be sold by order of the Court, add "or the proceeds of sale of that ship/property (as appropriate)"
3. insert name
4. complete only if caveator not a party to the proceeding in which the ship or property was arrested
5. insert short particulars of relationship
6. insert address for service

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Form 5 Withdrawal of caveat

(rule 13)

(Title)
WITHDRAWAL OF CAVEAT
Ship/property1,2
Date caveat filed: 3
I, 4, withdraw the caveat against the arrest/release1 of the ship/property1.
1. strike out whichever is not applicable
2. insert name of ship or description of property
3. insert date of filing caveat
4. insert name

Form 6 Writ

(rule 19)

(Title)
WRIT
BY THIS WRIT the plaintiff commences action against the ship/property specified below.
DATE OF ISSUE1:
PARTICULARS OF SHIP/PROPERTY2: 3
AMOUNT CLAIMED OR OTHER RELIEF SOUGHT4:
PARTICULARS OF CLAIM5:
RELEVANT PERSON6:

TO THE DEFENDANT:

If you want to defend this claim, you must, within 21 days after this writ is served on you, file an appearance.
You may also pay an amount into court.
ADDRESS OF PLAINTIFF:
ADDRESS FOR SERVICE ON THE PLAINTIFF7:
1. plaintiff to insert the date on which this writ is issued by the court
2. strike out whichever is not applicable
3. if the claim is against a ship, insert name of ship and port of registry; if the claim is against other property, insert description of property
4. insert amount claimed or other order sought
5. give enough short particulars of the claim to identify the cause of action
6. refer to rule 15 and specify the relevant person in relation to the claim, if known to the plaintiff
7. the address at which notices for the plaintiff may be served, if different from the plaintiff's actual address

Form 7 Statement of claim: limitation proceeding

(subrule 21 (2))

(Title)
STATEMENT OF CLAIM: LIMITATION PROCEEDING
1. I, 1, am the 2.
2. The respondent, 3, is 4,5.
3. On 6, 7.
4. I claim to be entitled to limit my liability arising out of these circumstances on the following grounds: 8
5. I therefore seek the following orders: 9
1. insert name and address of applicant
2. insert relationship of applicant with ship and specify name and port of registry of ship
3. insert name and address of respondent
4. set out the relationship of the defendant with the circumstances out of which the liability in respect of which the applicant claims to be entitled to limit liability arose
5. repeat paragraph 2 for each defendant named as defendant, numbering the paragraphs 2A, 2B, etc.
6. insert date of circumstances out of which the liability in respect of which the applicant claims to be entitled to limit liability arose
7. give short, factual description of circumstances out of which the liability in respect of which the applicant claims to be entitlied to limit liability arose
8. set out short statement of grounds for limiting liability
9. set out precise orders sought

Form 8 Statement of claim: action in rem

(subrule 22 (2))

(Title)
STATEMENT OF CLAIM: ACTION IN REM
1. 1
2. I claim the following relief: 2
PARTICULARS 3:

TO THE DEFENDANT:

If you want to defend this claim, you must, within 21 days after this statement
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of claim is served on you, file an appearance.
You may also pay an amount into court.
1. set out the facts giving rise to the claim; do not refer to evidence; the matter should be put into paragraphs, numbered consecutively and set out as briefly as convenient; unduly long pleadings may be penalised by costs
2. set out precisely the relief or orders sought
3. set out particulars of any injuries suffered

Form 9 Appearance

(subrule 23 (2))

(Title)
APPEARANCE
1. 1appears.
2. My relationship with the ship/property2 against which this proceeding has been commenced is as follows: 3
3. My address for service is: 4
1. insert name
2. strike out whichever is not applicable
3. insert short particulars of relationship
4. insert address for service

Form 10 Preliminary act

(paragraph 25 (2) (a))

(Title)
PRELIMINARY ACT
(Collision between 2 or more ships)
Preliminary act of plaintiff/defendant1
1. Date of collision:
2. Time of collision:
3. Place of collision:
4. Names of ships that came into collision:
5. In relationship to ship of the party filing this preliminary act:
(a) name of ship:
(b) port of registry:
(c) the name of master at time of collision:
(d) name and address of person in command at the time of the collision and in the period immediately before the collision:
(e) name and address of persons on the bridge at the time of the collision and in the period immediately before the collision.
(f) name and address of persons keeping a lookout at the time of the collision and in the period immediately before the collision:
(g) course, or, if the ship was stationary, heading (specify which) at the time when the other ship was first seen or immediately before any measures were taken with reference to its presence (whichever was the earlier):
(h) speed at the time when when the other ship was first seen or immediately before any measures were taken with reference to its presence (whichever was the earlier):
(j) alterations made to course after the earlier of the times referred to in paragraph (g) and before the time of the collision, and when made:
(k) alterations made to speed after the earlier of the times referred to in paragraph (h) and before the time of the collision, and when made:
(m) other measures taken to avoid the collision, and when taken:
(n) sounds or other signals given, and when given:
(o) lights carried:
6. In relation to each other ship involved in the collision2:
(a) name of ship:
(b) its distance and bearing at the time when its echo was first observed by radar by a person on the ship of the party filing the preliminary act:
(c) its distance, bearing and approximate heading when first seen by a person on the ship of the party filing the preliminary act:
(d) the lights it was showing when first seen by a person on the ship of the party filing the preliminary act:
(e) the lights it was showing after that time but before the collision:
(f) the alterations made to its course after it was first seen by a person on the ship of the party filing the preliminary act, and when they were made:
(g) the alterations made to its speed after it was first seen by a person on the ship of the party filing the preliminary act, and when they were made:
(h) the other measures that it took to avoid the collision, and when they were taken:
(j) the sounds or other signals that it gave, and when they were given:
7. The state of the weather at the time of the collision and in the period immediately before the collision:
8. The extent of visibility at the time of the collision and in the period immediately before the collision:
9. The state, direction and force of the tidal or other current at the time of the collision and in the period immediately before the collision:
10. The direction and force of the wind at the time of the collision and in the period immediately before the collision:
11. The parts of each ship which first came into contact:
12. The approximate angle between the ships at the moment of contact:

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1. complete all questions fully; if any are not applicable, say so, or as appropriate
2. for each other ship involved in the collision, repeat this question as question 6A, 6B, etc.

Form 11 Preliminary act

(paragraph 25 (2) (a))

(Title)
PRELIMINARY ACT
(To be used where loss of, or damage to or by, a single ship)
Preliminary act of plaintiff/defendant1
1. Date of loss or damage:
2. Time of loss or damage:
3. Place of loss or damage:
4. Name of ship involved:
5. Description of anything else involved2:
6. If the ship involved belonged to the party filing this preliminary act:
(a) port of registry:
(b) the name of master at relevant time:
(c) name and address of person in command at and immediately before the time of the loss or damage:
(d) name and address of persons on the bridge at and immediately before the time of the loss or damage:
(e) name and address of persons keeping a lookout at and immediately before the time of the loss or damage:
(f) course, or, if the ship was stationary, heading (specify which) at the time when it first became known that there was a likelihood of the loss or damage or immediately before any measures where taken to avoid that loss or damage (whichever was the earlier):
(g) speed at the earlier of the times referred to in paragraph (f):
(h) alterations made to course after the earlier of the times referred to in paragraph (f) and before the time of the loss or damage, and when made:
(j) alterations made to speed after the earlier of the times referred to in paragraph (f) and before the time of the loss or damage, and when made:
(k) other measures taken to avoid the loss or damage, and when taken:
(m) sounds or other signals given, and when given:
(n) lights carried:
7. If the ship involved did not belong to the party filing this preliminary act and the loss or damage occurred in a collision with something else:
(a) distance and bearing of ship at the time when its echo was first observed by radar by a person on the other thing involved in the collision:
(b) distance, bearing and approximate heading of ship when first seen by a person on the other thing involved in the collision:
(c) the lights that were being shown by ship when first seen by a person on the other thing involved in the collision:
(d) the lights that were being shown by ship after that time but before the collision:
(e) the alterations made by ship to its course after it was first seen by a person on the other thing involved in the collision, and when they were made:
(f) the alterations made by ship to its speed after it was first seen by a person on the other thing involved in the collision, and when they were made:
(g) the other measures taken by ship to avoid the collision, and when they were taken:
(h) the sounds or other signals given by ship and when they were given:
8. The state of the weather at and immediately before the time of the loss or damage:
9. The extent of visibility at and immediately before the time of the loss or damage:
10. The state, direction and force of the tidal or other current at and immediately before the time of the loss or damage:
11. The direction and force of the wind at and immediately before the time of the loss or damage:
12. The parts of the ship and the other thing which first came into contact:
13. The approximate angle between the ship and the other thing at the moment of contact:
1. Complete all questions fully. If any are not applicable, say so and why.

Form 12 Application for arrest warrant

(subrule 39 (1))

(Title)
APPLICATION FOR ARREST WARRANT
Please issue a warrant for the arrest of .
(for a ship, insert name of ship and port of registry; if other property, describe property)
I undertake to the court to pay the fees and expenses of the Marshal in complying with this application.

Note   Paragraph 41 (b) of the Rules provides that if

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the application is made by a solicitor on behalf of the applicant, the application constitutes an undertaking to the court by the solicitor.

Form 13 Affidavit to support application for arrest warrant

(subrule 39 (2))

(Title)
AFFIDAVIT TO SUPPORT APPLICATION FOR ARREST WARRANT
1. I am 1.
2. I ask for a warrant for the arrest of 2.
3. The claim in respect of which the arrest is sought concerns 3.
4. I have caused a search to be made of the Register of Caveats Against Arrest and no such caveat is in force/the following caveat/s is/are4 in force: 4,5.
5. The following documents have been served on the caveators6 on the following respective dates: 7.
6. The claim has not been satisfied/has been partly satisfied4 as follows:
(a) an amount of $ 8 has been paid into court in the 9;
(b) security to the value $ 8 for payment of claim has been
given 10.
7.11 The amount of salvage money awarded or agreed to be accepted is
$ 8 and is being held by 12.
8. The aid of the court is necessary to enable the claim to be satisfied.
1. insert full name and description of deponent
2. if ship, insert name of ship and port of registry; if other property, describe property
3. set out short particulars of the claim
4. strike out whichever is not applicable
5. set out short particulars of caveats in force
6. set out clearly which documents have been served on each of the caveators
7. set out when each document was served
8. insert amount
9. insert name of court
10. set out where security held
11. complete paragraph 7 only if claim is a salvage claim
12. insert name and address of person holding salvage money

Form 14 Arrest warrant

(subrule 40 (2))

(Title)
ARREST WARRANT
To the Marshal:
Arrest 1.
Warrant taken out by 2.
1. if ship, insert name of ship and port of registry; if other property, describe property
2. insert name of applicant and description, for example, "solicitor for the plaintiff"

Form 15 Request not to execute arrest warrant

(subrule 43 (6))

(Title)
REQUEST NOT TO EXECUTE ARREST WARRANT
1. On 1 an arrest warrant was issued at my application against 2.
2. Please do not execute the warrant.
1. insert date
2. if ship, insert name of one ship and port of registry; if other property, insert description of property

Form 16 Affidavit of execution of arrest warrant

(rule 45)

(Title)
AFFIDAVIT OF EXECUTION OF ARREST WARRANT
1. I am 1.
2. The arrest warrant a copy of which is annexed to this affidavit and marked "A" was executed by me on 2
on 3 at 4.
3. The warrant was executed by 5.
1. insert description of deponent
2. insert name of ship or description of property arrested
3. insert date and time of arrest
4. insert place of arrest
5. describe method of execution of warrant, for example, "by affixing the warrant to a conspicuous part of the ship, namely.........................."


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Form 17 Application for discharge

(subrule 49 (1))

(Title)
APPLICATION FOR DISCHARGE
Ship/property1 to be discharged: 2
Applicant: 3
Relationship with ship/property1: 4
Address for service of applicant: 5
I undertake to pay the fees and expenses of the Marshal in complying with this application.
1. strike out whichever is not applicable
2. if ship, insert name of one ship and port of registry; if other property, insert description of property
3. insert name and short description of applicant
4. insert short description of interest
5. insert address for service

Form 17A Notice of payment into Court

(paragraph 51 (1A) (a))

(Title)
NOTICE OF PAYMENT INTO COURT
Ship/Property1: 2
Person making payment: 3
Relationship with ship/property:1 4
I have paid into Court $ 5 to secure the
release of 2.
1. strike out whichever is not applicable
2. for a ship, insert name of ship; for other property, insert description of property
3. insert short name and short description of person making the payment
4. insert short description of interest
5. insert amount of payment

Form 18 Application to registrar for release of ship or other property

(subrule 51 (1))

(Title)
APPLICATION TO REGISTRAR FOR RELEASE OF SHIP OR OTHER PROPERTY
Ship/property1: 2
Applicant: 3
Relationship with ship/property1: 4
5Value of ship/property1, as agreed between the parties/determined by the court1:$ 6
Grounds on which release is sought: 7
I have caused a search to be made in the Register of Caveats Against Release and no such caveat is in force.
Address for service of applicant: 8
I undertake to pay the fees and expenses of the Marshal in complying with this application.
1. strike out whichever is not applicable
2. if ship insert name of ship; if other property, insert description of property
3. insert name and short description of applicant
4. insert short description of interest
5. complete this only if claim is a claim for salvage
6. insert value; if by agreement between parties, insert names of parties; if by determination of the court, insert details of court order
7. set out particulars of grounds
8. insert address for service

Form 19 Application to Court for release of ship or other property

(subrule 52 (1))

(Title)
APPLICATION TO COURT FOR RELEASE OF SHIP OR OTHER PROPERTY
Ship/property1: 2
Applicant: 3
Grounds on which release sought: 4
I have caused a search to be made of the Register of Caveats Against Release and:
1 (a) no such caveat is in force;
1 (b) the following caveat/s1 is/are1 in force: 5
and a copy of this application was served on the following caveator/s: 167
I undertake to pay the fees and expenses of the Marshal in connection with the custody of the ship/property1 while under arrest.
1. strike out whichever is not applicable
2. insert name of ship; if other property, insert description of property

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3. insert name of applicant and description, for example, "plaintiff" or "solicitor for the plaintiff"
4. set out particulars of grounds
5. set out short particulars of caveats in force
6. set out clearly which caveators have been served with the application
7. insert date of service

Form 19A Notice of release from arrest

(subrules 51 (7) and 52 (5))

(Title)
NOTICE OF RELEASE FROM ARREST
To the Marshal:
Ship/Property1: 2
Date and time of arrest: 3
Place of arrest: 4
Release 2 from the arrest executed under the arrest warrant issued on 5.
1. strike out whichever is not applicable
2. for a ship, insert name of ship; for other property, insert description of property
3. insert date and time of arrest of ship or property
4. insert place of arrest
5. insert the date of issue of the relevant arrest warrant

Form 20 Bail bond

(subrule 54 (2))

(Title)
BAIL BOND
1. I/We6, 1, submit to the jurisdiction of the court.
2. I/We6 consent that if 2,3, does not/do not6 satisfy any
judgment in this proceeding4, then execution may issue against me/us6
for a sum not exceeding $ 5.
1. insert name, address and occupation of surety
2. insert names of all parties for whom bail is to be given
3. insert plaintiff/s or defendant/s
4. delete if bail is for costs or expenses only
5. insert amount
6. strike out whichever is not applicable
In relation to witnesses, see Admiralty Rules, subrule 54 (3)

Form 21 Notice of bail

(subrule 55 (2))

(Title)
NOTICE OF BAIL
Party on whose behalf bail given: 1
Amount of bail: $ 2
Names and addresses of sureties: 3
Bail bond signed before: 4
1. insert name of party and "(defendant)" or as appropriate
2. insert the amount
3. insert name, address and occupation of each surety
4. insert name, address and occupation of person before whom bond was taken

Form 22 Notice of objection to surety

(subrule 56 (1))

(Title)
NOTICE OF OBJECTION TO SURETY
I object to the sufficiency of the following proposed surety: 1
Dated:
1. insert name of surety

Form 23 Notice of hearing of objection to bail

(subrule 56 (3))

(Title)
NOTICE OF HEARING OF OBJECTION TO BAIL
TO 1
1. You must attend to be examined whether your surety in this matter is sufficient.
Place where you must attend: 2
Date and time when you must attend: 3
2. Failure to comply with this notice is an offence.
1. insert name and address of surety
2. insert place of hearing
3. insert date and time of hearing

Form 24 Advertisement of application to limit liability limitation of shipowner's liability

(subrule 62 (2))


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ADMIRALTY RULES
ADVERTISEMENT OF APPLICATION TO LIMIT LIABILITY LIMITATION OF SHIPOWNER'S LIABILITY

1

NOTICE TO CLAIMANTS
1. On 2,3.
2. The 4 has now determined that the liability of 5 should be limited, under
the 6 to a total of $ 7 (action no. 8).
3. Anyone who has a claim against 5 arising out of these events and who wishes to enforce that claim against the limitation fund should enter an appearance in the Court before 9, otherwise an order distributing the limitation fund may be made without notice to them.
4. Anyone wishing to have the determination of the Court varied or set aside must apply to do so before 9.
1. insert name of ship
2. insert date of event giving rise to the application to limit liability
3. insert brief particulars of event giving rise to the application to limit liability
4. insert name of court
5. insert name of applicant
6. insert "Navigation Act 1912 (Cth)" or as appropriate
7. insert amount determined by the court
8. insert number and year of proceedings
9. insert last day for entry of appearance or application to vary or set aside

Form 25 Application to vary or set aside determination limiting liability

(subrule 64 (1))

(Title)
APPLICATION TO VARY OR SET ASIDE DETERMINATION LIMITING LIABILITY
1. Applicant: 1
2. Determination sought to be set aside or varied: 2
3. Nature of claim against applicant for determination to limit liability: 3
4. I apply to have the determination set aside/varied4 as follows: 5
5. I have not been served with initiating process in that proceeding.
1. insert name, address and occupation of applicant
2. insert particulars of determination to be set aside or varied
3. set out short particulars of the claim
4. strike out whichever is not applicable
5. insert details of variation sought

Form 26 Application for valuation or sale of ship or other property

(subrule 69 (2))

(Title)
APPLICATION FOR VALUATION OR SALE OF SHIP OR OTHER PROPERTY
1. Ship/property1: 2
2. Applicant: 3
3. I apply for the ship/property1:
1to be valued
1to be valued and sold under the Admiralty Act 1988
1to be sold under the Admiralty Act 1988 without valuation.
4. I undertake to pay on demand to the Marshal an amount equal to the fees and expenses involved.
1. strike out if not applicable
2. insert name of ship; if other property, insert description of property
3. insert names of applicant and description, for example, "plaintiff"

Form 27 Order for valuation or sale of ship or other property

(subrule 69 (3))

(Title)
ORDER FOR VALUATION OR SALE OF SHIP OR OTHER PROPERTY
Ship/property1: 2
To the Marshal:
1. 1Have the above ship/property1 valued in writing.
2. 1Sell the above ship/property1 under the admiralty Rules.
3. 1The sale need not be by public auction.
1. strike out if not applicable
2. insert name of ship; if other property, insert description of property

Form 28 Notice of application to determine priorities

(subrule 73 (2))

(Title)

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NOTICE OF APPLICATION TO DETERMINE PRIORITIES
1

1. The 1 has been/is about to be2 sold and the proceeds of sale,
$ 3, have been/will be2 paid into Court at 4.
2. Application has been made to determine the priority of claims against the ship/proceeds of sale2.
3. The application will not be determined until after 5.
4. Anyone who has a claim against the ship/proceeds of sale should commence proceedings to enforce that claim before 5, and if necessary apply to the Court to extend the period within which the order of priorities will not be determined, otherwise an order determining the priority of claims against the ship or proceeds of sale may be made without notice.
1. insert name of ship
2. strike out whichever is not applicable
3. insert amount
4. insert registry, if applicable
5. insert date specified by the court on the application to determine priorities

Form 29 Register of admiralty proceedings

(rule 79)

REGISTER OF ADMIRALTY PROCEEDINGS
1Ship/property1: 2
Year and number:
Amount claimed/other relief sought1: 5
Parties: 3
Plaintiff:
Defendant(s)1:
Nature of claim: 4
1Arrest made:
Ship/property1 arrested: 5
Was it a surrogate ship:Yes/no1
1Caveat against release:
Filed by: 7
Withdrawn: 6
Set aside: 6
2Transferred/remitted1
To: 8
Date: 6
Date fixed for hearing: 6
Judgment:
For plaintiff/defendant1
Date: 6
1Amount:$ 9
1Other relief given: s10
1Ship/property1 sold:
Purchaser: 11
Date: 6
Price: $ 9
1. strike out whichever is not applicable
2. if ship, insert name of one ship and port of registry; if other property, insert description of property
3. insert names of parties, as indicated
4. insert nature of claim; if proprietary or general maritime claim, refer to relevant provision of the Admiralty Act 1988
5. complete this question
6. insert date
7. name of caveator
8. court of transfer or remittal as appropriate
9. insert amount
10. insert other orders made
11. insert name and address

ADMIRALTY RULES 1988
Notes to the Admiralty Rules 1988

Note 1

The Admiralty Rules 1988 (in force under the Admiralty Act 1988) as shown in this compilation comprise Statutory Rules 1988 No. 269 amended as indicated in the Tables below.

Table of Statutory Rules

Year and
number
Date of notification
in Gazette
Date of
commencement
Application, saving or
transitional provisions
1988 No. 269
4 Nov 1988
1 Jan 1989

1990 No. 392
6 Dec 1990
6 Dec 1990

1993 No. 327
10 Dec 1993
10 Dec 1993

1996 No. 215
2 Oct 1996
2 Oct 1996

2002 No. 109
5 June 2002
5 June 2002

Table

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of Amendments

ad. = added or inserted am. = amended rep. = repealed rs. = repealed and substituted
Provision affected
How affected
R. 1
rs. 2002 No. 109
R. 4
am. 1990 No. 392
R. 5A
ad. 1996 No. 215
R. 22
am. 1990 No. 392
R. 30
am. 1993 No. 327
R. 41
rs. 1993 No. 327

am. 1996 No. 215
R. 43
am. 1990 No. 392; 2002 No. 109
R. 48
am. 1996 No. 215
Rr. 51, 52
am. 1993 No. 327
R. 54
am. 1993 No. 327
R. 75
am. 1993 No. 327
Schedule
am. 1990 No. 392; 1993 No. 327
Form 1
am. 1990 No. 392

rs. 1993 No. 327
Form 6
am. 1990 No. 392

rs. 1993 No. 327
Form 8
rep. 1990 No. 392
Form 12
rs. 1993 No. 327

am. 2002 No. 109
Form 16
rs. 1993 No. 327
Form 17A
ad. 1993 No. 327
Form 19A
ad. 1993 No. 327