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Primary content

Family Law Rules 2004

Authoritative Version
SR 2003 No. 375 Rules/Court & Tribunal Rules as made
Principal Rules
Administered by: Attorney-General's
General Comments: This instrument was backcaptured in accordance with Section 36 of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003
Exempt from sunsetting by the Legislation Act 2003 s 8(8)(d)
Registered 01 Jan 2005
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR10-Feb-2004
Tabled Senate10-Feb-2004
Gazetted 23 Dec 2003
Date of repeal 01 Sep 2021
Repealed by Family Law Repeal Rules 2021
Table of contents.
Skip Navigation Links.
Collapse TextText
Collapse Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 1 Introduction
Collapse Part 1.1 Preliminary
Part 1.1 Preliminary
1.01 Name of Rules
1.02 Commencement
1.03 Rules in Chapter 1 prevail
Expand Part 1.2 Main purpose of Rules
Part 1.2 Main purpose of Rules
Expand Part 1.3 Court’s powers in all cases
Part 1.3 Court’s powers in all cases
Expand Part 1.4 Other preliminary matters
Part 1.4 Other preliminary matters
Expand Chapter 2 Starting a case
Chapter 2 Starting a case
Expand Chapter 3 Divorce
Chapter 3 Divorce
Expand Chapter 4 Application for Final Orders
Chapter 4 Application for Final Orders
Expand Chapter 5 Applications in a case
Chapter 5 Applications in a case
Expand Chapter 6 Parties
Chapter 6 Parties
Expand Chapter 7 Service
Chapter 7 Service
Expand Chapter 8 Right to be heard and address for service
Chapter 8 Right to be heard and address for service
Expand Chapter 9 Response and reply
Chapter 9 Response and reply
Expand Chapter 10 Ending a case without a trial
Chapter 10 Ending a case without a trial
Expand Chapter 11 Case management
Chapter 11 Case management
Expand Chapter 12 Court events
Chapter 12 Court events
Expand Chapter 13 Disclosure
Chapter 13 Disclosure
Expand Chapter 14 Property orders
Chapter 14 Property orders
Expand Chapter 15 Evidence
Chapter 15 Evidence
Expand Chapter 16 Trial
Chapter 16 Trial
Expand Chapter 17 Orders
Chapter 17 Orders
Expand Chapter 18 Powers of Judicial Registrars, Registrars and Deputy Registrars
Chapter 18 Powers of Judicial Registrars, Registrars and Deputy Registrars
Expand Chapter 19 Costs
Chapter 19 Costs
Expand Chapter 20 Enforcement of financial orders and obligations
Chapter 20 Enforcement of financial orders and obligations
Expand Chapter 21 Enforcement of parenting orders, contravention of orders and contempt
Chapter 21 Enforcement of parenting orders, contravention of orders and contempt
Expand Chapter 22 Appeals
Chapter 22 Appeals
Expand Chapter 23 Registration of documents
Chapter 23 Registration of documents
Expand Chapter 24 Documents, filing, registry
Chapter 24 Documents, filing, registry
Expand Chapter 25 Applications under the Corporations ActChapter 25 Applications under the Corporations Act

Family Law Rules 2004

Statutory Rules 2003 No. 3751

We, Judges within the meaning of the Family Law Act 1975, make the following Rules of Court under that Act.

Dated 19 December 2003

Warning:       Please note that the Forms to these Rules are not available in this rtf document although links are provided so that they can be downloaded.  You can also view the image of this document to see the Forms.

 

ALASTAIR NICHOLSON C.J.

N.J. BUCKLEY

J.V. KAY

B.J. WARNICK

MICHELLE MAY

K.A. MURRAY

GRAHAM R. BELL

RODERICK JOSKE

JAMES BARRY

J. WILCZEK

G.R. MULLANE

N. MUSHIN

C.A. MOORE

M.A. HANNON

RICHARD CHISHOLM

SALLY BROWN

B. JORDAN

 

S.R. O’RYAN

J. FAULKS

LINDA DESSAU

SUSAN MORGAN

PAUL M. GUEST

HEATHER B. CARTER

P. ROSE

J.M. BOLAND

S. STRICKLAND

A.R. MONTEITH

M. LE POER TRENCH

P. YOUNG

D. O’REILLY

T. CARMODY

Judges of the Family Court

of Australia

A.M. FILIPPELLO

Principal Registrar

Family Court of Australia

MICHAEL H. HOLDEN

N. TOLCON

C.E. MARTIN

J.G. BARLOW

J. PENNY

Judges of the Family Court

of Western Australia

P.D. MONAGHAN

Acting Principal Registrar

Family Court of Western Australia


Contents

Chapter 1          Introduction

Part 1.1                 Preliminary

                    1.01     Name of Rules                                                              29

                    1.02     Commencement                                                            29

                    1.03     Rules in Chapter 1 prevail                                              30

Part 1.2                 Main purpose of Rules

                    1.04     Main purpose of Rules                                                  31

                    1.05     Pre-action procedure                                                     31

                    1.06     Promoting the main purpose                                          32

                    1.07     Achieving the main purpose                                           32

                    1.08     Responsibility of parties and lawyers in achieving the main purpose 33

Part 1.3                 Court’s powers in all cases

                    1.09     Procedural orders in cases of doubt or difficulty            34

                    1.10     Court may make orders                                                 34

                    1.11     Court may set aside or vary order                                  34

                    1.12     Court may dispense with Rules                                      34

                    1.13     Judicial officer hearing application                                 35

                    1.14     Shortening or extension of time                                     35

                    1.15     Time for compliance                                                      35

Part 1.4                 Other preliminary matters

                    1.16     Definitions — the dictionary                                           36

                    1.17     Notes, examples etc                                                      36

                    1.18     Sittings                                                                         37

                    1.19     Permission to record court event                                    37

                    1.20     Publishing lists of cases                                                38

                    1.21     Calculating time                                                             38

Chapter 2          Starting a case

Part 2.1                 Applications

                    2.01     Which application to file                                                39

                    2.02     Documents to be filed with applications                         41

Part 2.2                 Brochures

                    2.03     Preparation and distribution of brochures                       44

Part 2.3                 Notification in certain cases

                    2.04     Notice of Child Abuse or Risk of Abuse (Act s 67Z)        45

                    2.05     Family violence order                                                    45

                    2.06     Notification of proceeds of crime order or forfeiture application (Act ss 79B and 90M)          46

                    2.07     Proceeds of crime                                                         46

Chapter 3          Divorce

Part 3.1                 Application for Divorce

                    3.01     Fixing of hearing date                                                    49

                    3.02     Amendment of Form 3                                                   49

                    3.03     Discontinuance of Form 3                                              49

Part 3.2                 Response

                    3.04     Response                                                                     50

                    3.05     Objection to jurisdiction                                                 50

                    3.06     Response out of time                                                    51

                    3.07     Affidavit to reply to information in Form 3                      51

Part 3.3                 Attendance at hearing

                    3.08     Attendance at hearing                                                    52

Part 3.4                 Hearing in absence of parties

                    3.09     Seeking a hearing in absence of parties                         53

                    3.10     Hearing in absence of parties — joint application            53

                    3.11     Request not to hear case in parties’ absence                  53

Part 3.5                 Events affecting divorce order

                    3.12     Application for rescission of divorce order                     54

                    3.13     Death of party                                                               54

Chapter 4          Application for Final Orders

Part 4.1                 Introduction

                    4.01     Contents of Application for Final Orders (Form 1)           56

                    4.02     Filing affidavits                                                             56

                    4.03     First court date                                                              57

Part 4.2                 Specific applications

Division 4.2.1          General

                    4.04     General provisions still apply                                         58

                    4.05     Application by Attorney-General for transfer of case       58

Division 4.2.2          Cross-vesting

                    4.06     Cross-vesting matters                                                    58

                    4.07     Transfer of case                                                            59

Division 4.2.3          Medical procedure

                    4.08     Application for medical procedure                                  59

                    4.09     Evidence supporting application                                    59

                    4.10     Service of application                                                    61

                    4.11     Fixing of hearing date                                                    61

                    4.12     Procedure on first court date                                         61

Division 4.2.4          Maintenance

                    4.13     Information to respondent                                              61

                    4.14     Procedure on first court date                                         62

                    4.15     Evidence to be provided                                               62

                    4.16     Application for step-parent to maintain                           63

                    4.17     Maintenance orders                                                       63

Division 4.2.5          Child support

                    4.18     Application of Division 4.2.5                                          64

                    4.19     Documents to be filed with applications and appeals      64

                    4.20     Application under Assessment Act s 95 (6)                     66

                    4.21     Time limits for appeals and applications under Assessment Act        66

                    4.22     Time limit for appeal under Registration Act s 88             66

                    4.23     Service of application or appeal                                     66

                    4.24     Service by Child Support Registrar                                 67

                    4.25     Procedure on first court date                                         67

                    4.26     Evidence to be provided                                               67

Division 4.2.6          Nullity and validity of marriage and divorce

                    4.27     Application of Division 4.2.6                                          68

                    4.28     Fixing hearing date                                                        68

                    4.29     Affidavit to be filed with application                               68

Division 4.2.7          Applications relating to passports

                    4.30     Application relating to passport                                     69

                    4.31     Fixing of hearing date                                                    69

Chapter 5          Applications in a case

Part 5.1                 General

                    5.01     Applications in a case                                                   70

                    5.02     Evidence in applications in a case                                  71

                    5.03     Procedure before filing                                                  71

                    5.04     Restrictions in relation to applications                            71

                    5.05     Fixing a date for hearing or case assessment conference 72

                    5.06     Attendance by electronic communication                        73

                    5.07     Attendance of party or witness in prison                         74

Part 5.2                 Hearing — interim and procedural applications

                    5.08     Interim orders — matters to be considered                     75

                    5.09     Admissibility of affidavit                                                75

                    5.10     Hearing time of interim or procedural application             76

                    5.11     Party’s failure to attend                                                  76

Part 5.3                 Application without notice

                    5.12     Application without notice                                              77

                    5.13     Necessary procedural orders                                         78

Part 5.4                 Hearing on papers in absence of parties

                    5.14     Request for hearing in absence of parties                       79

                    5.15     Objection to hearing in absence of parties                      79

                    5.16     Court decision to not proceed in absence of parties       79

                    5.17     Procedure in hearing in absence of parties                     79

Part 5.5                 Postponement of interim hearing

                    5.18     Administrative postponement of interim hearing              81

Chapter 6          Parties

Part 6.1                 General

                    6.01     Parties                                                                          82

                    6.02     Necessary parties                                                          82

Part 6.2                 Adding and removing a party

                    6.03     Adding a party                                                              84

                    6.04     Removing a party                                                          84

                    6.05     Intervention by a person seeking to become a party        84

                    6.06     Intervention by a person entitled to intervene                  85

                    6.07     Notice of constitutional matter                                       86

Part 6.3                 Case guardian

                    6.08     Conducting a case by case guardian                              87

                    6.09     Who may be a case guardian                                         87

                    6.10     Appointment, replacement or removal of case guardian  87

                    6.11     Attorney-General may appoint case guardian                  88

                    6.12     Notice of becoming case guardian                                 88

                    6.13     Conduct of case by case guardian                                 88

                    6.14     Costs of case guardian                                                 89

Part 6.4                 Progress of case after death or bankruptcy

                    6.15     Death of party                                                               90

                    6.16     Bankruptcy of party                                                       90

Chapter 7          Service

Part 7.1                 General

                    7.01     Service                                                                         91

                    7.02     Court’s discretion regarding service                                91

                    7.03     Service of documents                                                   92

                    7.04     Service of filed documents                                            93

Part 7.2                 Special service

                    7.05     Special service                                                              95

                    7.06     Special service by hand                                                 95

                    7.07     Special service by post or electronic communication      95

                    7.08     Special service through a lawyer                                    96

                    7.09     Special service on person with a disability                      96

                    7.10     Special service on a prisoner                                         97

                    7.11     Special service on a corporation                                    97

Part 7.3                 Ordinary service

                    7.12     Ordinary service                                                            98

Part 7.4                 Proof of service

                    7.13     Proof of service                                                            99

                    7.14     Proof of special service                                                99

                    7.15     Evidence of identity                                                      99

Part 7.5                 Other matters about service

                    7.16     Service by electronic communication                            101

                    7.17     When service is taken to have been carried out             101

                    7.18     Service with conditions or dispensing with service         102

Part 7.6                 Service in non-convention country

                    7.19     Service in non-convention country                                103

                    7.20     Proof of service in non-convention country                   103

Chapter 8          Right to be heard and address for service

Part 8.1                 Right to be heard and representation

                    8.01     Right to be heard and representation                            105

                    8.02     Child representative                                                     106

                    8.03     Lawyer — conflicting interests                                      107

                    8.04     Lawyer — ceasing to act                                              107

Part 8.2                 Address for service

                    8.05     Address for service                                                     108

                    8.06     Change of address for service                                     109

Chapter 9          Response and reply

Part 9.1                 Response to Form 1

                    9.01     Response to Form 1 (Form 1A)                                    110

                    9.02     Filing an affidavit with Form 1A                                    111

                    9.03     Response objecting to jurisdiction                                111

Part 9.2                 Reply to Form 1A

                    9.04     Reply to Form 1A (Form 1B)                                        112

Part 9.3                 Response to Form 2

                    9.05     Response to Form 2 (Form 2A)                                    113

                    9.06     Affidavit to be filed with Form 2A                                 113

                    9.07     Affidavit in reply to Form 2A                                        113

Part 9.4                 Filing and service

                    9.08     Time for filing and service of response or reply             114

Chapter 10        Ending a case without a trial

Part 10.1              Offers to settle

Division 10.1.1        General

                  10.01     How to make an offer                                                  115

                  10.02     Open and ‘without prejudice’ offer                                116

                  10.03     How to withdraw an offer                                             117

                  10.04     How to accept an offer                                                117

                  10.05     Counter-offer                                                               117

Division 10.1.2        Offer to settle — property cases

                  10.06     Compulsory offer to settle                                           118

                  10.07     Withdrawal of offer                                                      118

Part 10.2              Discontinuing a case

                  10.10     Definition                                                                    119

                  10.11     Discontinuing a case                                                   119

Part 10.3              Summary orders and separate decisions

                  10.12     Application for summary orders                                   121

                  10.13     Application for separate decision                                 121

                  10.14     What the court may order under this Part                      121

Part 10.4              Consent orders

                  10.15     How to apply for a consent order                                 123

                  10.16     Order for superannuation interest                                  124

                  10.17     Dealing with a consent order                                        125

                  10.18     Lapsing of respondent’s consent                                 125

Chapter 11        Case management

Part 11.1              Court’s powers of case management

                  11.01     General powers                                                           126

                  11.02     Failure to comply with a legislative provision or order    128

                  11.03     Relief from orders                                                       128

                  11.04     Frivolous or vexatious case                                         129

                  11.05     Application for permission to start a case                     130

                  11.06     Dismissal for want of prosecution                                130

Part 11.2              Limiting issues

Division 11.2.1        Admissions

                  11.07     Request to admit                                                         132

                  11.08     Notice disputing fact or document                                133

                  11.09     Withdrawing admission                                                133

Division 11.2.2        Amendment

                  11.10     Amendment by a party or court order                           134

                  11.11     Time limit for amendment                                             134

                  11.12     Amending a document                                                 135

                  11.13     Response to amended document                                 135

                  11.14     Disallowance of amendment                                        135

Division 11.2.3        Small claims

                  11.15     Small claims                                                                135

Part 11.3              Venue

Division 11.3.1        Open court and chambers

                  11.16     Cases in chambers                                                      137

Division 11.3.2        Transferring a case

                  11.17     Application of Division 11.3.2                                      137

                  11.18     Transfer to another court or registry                              138

                  11.19     Factors to be considered for transfer                           138

Division 11.3.3        Transfer of court file

                  11.20     Transfer between courts                                               139

Chapter 12        Court events

Part 12.1              Application of Chapter 12

                  12.01     Application of Chapter 12                                            142

Part 12.2              Court events — resolution phase

                  12.02     Property case — exchange of documents before first court date      143

                  12.03     Case assessment conference                                       144

                  12.04     Procedural hearing                                                       145

                  12.05     Property case — exchange of documents before conciliation conference     146

                  12.06     Conduct of a conciliation conference                            147

Part 12.3              Court events — determination phase

                  12.07     Trial notice                                                                  148

                  12.08     Compliance certificate                                                 148

                  12.09     Non-compliance                                                          149

                  12.10     Conduct of pre-trial conference                                    150

Part 12.4              Attendance at court events

                  12.11     Party’s attendance                                                       151

                  12.12     Request to attend by electronic communication            151

                  12.13     Failure to attend court events                                       152

Part 12.5              Adjournment and postponement of court events

                  12.14     Administrative postponement of conferences or procedural hearings            153

                  12.15     Adjournment of case conference                                  154

                  12.16     Adjournment or postponement of pre-trial conference   154

Chapter 13        Disclosure

Part 13.1              Disclosure between parties

Division 13.1.1        General duty of disclosure

                  13.01     General duty of disclosure                                           157

Division 13.1.2        Duty of disclosure — financial cases

                  13.02     Purpose of Division 13.1.2                                           157

                  13.03     Definition                                                                    158

                  13.04     Full and frank disclosure                                              158

                  13.05     Financial statement (Form 13)                                       159

                  13.06     Amendment of Financial Statement (Form 13)               160

Part 13.2              Duty of disclosure — documents

Division 13.2.1        Disclosure of documents — all cases

                  13.07     Duty of disclosure — documents                                 161

                  13.08     Inspection of documents                                             161

                  13.09     Production of original documents                                 162

                  13.10     Disclosure by inspection of documents                        162

                  13.11     Costs for inspection                                                    162

                  13.12     Documents that need not be produced                         162

                  13.13     Objection to production                                               163

                  13.14     Consequence of non-disclosure                                   163

                  13.15     Undertaking by party                                                   164

                  13.16     Time for filing undertaking                                            165

Division 13.2.2        Disclosure of documents — certain applications

                  13.17     Application of Division 13.2.2                                      166

                  13.18     Party may seek order about disclosure                         166

Division 13.2.3        Disclosure of documents — Applications for Final Orders

                  13.19     Application of Division 13.2.3                                      166

                  13.20     Disclosure by service of a list of documents                167

                  13.21     Disclosure by inspection of documents                        168

                  13.22     Application for order for disclosure                              169

                  13.23     Costs of compliance                                                   170

                  13.24     Electronic disclosure                                                   170

Part 13.3              Answers to specific questions

                  13.25     Application of Part 13.3                                               171

                  13.26     Service of specific questions                                       171

                  13.27     Answering specific questions                                       172

                  13.28     Orders in relation to specific questions                         172

Part 13.4              Information from non-parties

Division 13.4.1        Employment information

                  13.29     Purpose of Division 13.4.1                                           173

                  13.30     Employment information                                              173

Division 13.4.2        Non-party documents

                  13.31     Purpose of Division 13.4.2                                           174

                  13.32     Definitions                                                                  174

                  13.33     Notice of Non-party Production of Documents              174

                  13.34     Service on others affected by Notice                            175

                  13.35     Compliance with Form 12                                             175

                  13.36     Production of documents                                            175

                  13.37     Copying produced documents                                     175

                  13.38     Costs of production                                                    176

                  13.39     Objection to production                                               176

                  13.40     Stay of Form 12                                                          177

                  13.41     Court’s decision about Form 12                                    177

                  13.42     Orders about non-party disclosure                                177

Chapter 14        Property orders

                  14.01     Orders about property                                                 178

                  14.02     Service of application                                                  179

                  14.03     Inspection                                                                   179

                  14.04     Application for Anton Piller order                                  179

                  14.05     Application for Mareva order                                        180

                  14.06     Service of application or order for superannuation interest 181

Chapter 15        Evidence

Part 15.1              Children

                  15.01     Restriction on child’s evidence                                     183

                  15.02     Interviewing a child                                                      184

                  15.03     Family reports                                                             184

                  15.04     Family reports in certain consent cases                        185

Part 15.2              Affidavits

                  15.05     Evidence in chief by affidavit                                       186

                  15.06     Reliance on affidavits                                                  186

                  15.07     Filing an affidavit                                                         187

                  15.08     Form of affidavit                                                         187

                  15.09     Making an affidavit                                                      188

                  15.10     Affidavit of illiterate or blind person etc                        189

                  15.11     Affidavit outside Australia                                            189

                  15.12     Documents attached                                                    189

                  15.13     Striking out objectionable material                                190

                  15.14     Notice to attend for cross-examination                         190

                  15.15     Deponent’s attendance and expenses                          191

Part 15.3              Subpoenas

Division 15.3.1        General

                  15.16     Interpretation                                                               192

                  15.17     Issuing a subpoena (Form 14)                                      192

                  15.18     Subpoena not to issue in certain circumstances            193

                  15.19     Time for issuing a subpoena                                        193

                  15.20     Amendment of subpoena                                             194

                  15.21     Limit on number of subpoenas                                     194

                  15.22     Service                                                                       194

                  15.23     Conduct money and witness fees                                 194

                  15.24     When compliance is not required                                  195

                  15.25     Discharge of subpoena obligation                                195

                  15.26     Objection to subpoena                                                196

Division 15.3.2        Production of documents and access by parties

                  15.27     Application of Division 15.3.2                                      196

                  15.28     Service of subpoena for production                             196

                  15.29     Compliance with subpoena                                          197

                  15.30     Right to inspect and copy                                            198

                  15.31     Objection to inspection or copying of document           199

                  15.32     Court permission to inspect documents                        199

                  15.33     Claim for privilege                                                       200

                  15.34     Production of document from another court                  200

                  15.35     Return of documents produced                                    200

Division 15.3.3        Non-compliance with subpoena

                  15.36     Non-compliance with subpoena                                    201

Part 15.4              Assessors

                  15.37     Application of Part 15.4                                               202

                  15.38     Appointing an assessor                                               202

                  15.39     Assessor’s report                                                        202

                  15.40     Remuneration of assessor                                           203

Part 15.5              Expert evidence

Division 15.5.1        General

                  15.41     Application of Part 15.5                                               204

                  15.42     Purpose of Part 15.5                                                   204

                  15.43     Definitions                                                                  205

Division 15.5.2        Single expert witness

                  15.44     Appointment of single expert witness by parties           205

                  15.45     Order for single expert witness                                     205

                  15.46     Orders the court may make                                          206

                  15.47     Single expert witness’s fees and expenses                   207

                  15.48     Single expert witness’s report                                       207

                  15.49     Appointing another expert witness                                208

                  15.50     Cross-examination of single expert witness                   208

Division 15.5.3        Permission for expert’s evidence

                  15.51     Permission for expert’s reports and evidence                208

                  15.52     Application for permission for expert witness                209

Division 15.5.4        Instructions and disclosure of expert’s report

                  15.53     Application of Division 15.5.4                                      210

                  15.54     Instructions to expert witness                                       210

                  15.55     Mandatory disclosure of expert’s report                        211

                  15.56     Provision of information about fees                             211

                  15.57     Application for provision of information                        211

                  15.58     Failure to disclose report                                             212

Division 15.5.5        Expert witness’s duties and rights

                  15.59     Expert witness’s duty to the court                                 212

                  15.60     Expert witness’s right to seek orders                            213

                  15.61     Expert witness’s evidence in chief                                214

                  15.62     Form of expert’s report                                                214

                  15.63     Contents of expert’s report                                          215

                  15.64     Consequences of non-compliance                                216

Division 15.5.6        Questions to single expert witness

                  15.65     Questions to single expert witness                               217

                  15.66     Single expert witness’s answers                                   217

                  15.67     Single expert witness’s costs for answers                     218

Division 15.5.7        Evidence from 2 or more expert witnesses

                  15.68     Application of Division 15.5.7                                      218

                  15.69     Conference of expert witnesses                                   218

                  15.70     Conduct of trial with expert witnesses                           220

Part 15.6              Other matters about evidence

                  15.71     Court may call evidence                                               221

                  15.72     Order for examination of witness                                  221

                  15.73     Letters of request                                                        222

                  15.74     Hearsay evidence — notice under section 67 of the Evidence Act 1995         223

                  15.75     Transcript receivable in evidence                                  223

                  15.76     Notice to produce                                                        223

Chapter 16        Trial

Part 16.1              Expedited trials

                  16.01     Expedited trial                                                             224

Part 16.2              Preparation for trial

                  16.02     Trial information                                                           226

                  16.03     Notice in relation to evidence                                       226

Part 16.3              Conduct of trial

                  16.04     Conduct of trial — general                                           228

                  16.05     Trial management                                                        228

                  16.06     Sequence of evidence                                                 229

                  16.07     Opening and closing address                                       229

                  16.08     Attendance, submissions and evidence by electronic communication            230

                  16.09     Foreign evidence by electronic communication             231

                  16.10     Exhibits                                                                      232

                  16.11     Party’s failure to attend                                                233

                  16.12     Vacating trial date                                                        233

Chapter 17        Orders

                  17.01     When an order is made                                                234

                  17.02     Errors in orders                                                           235

                  17.03     Rate of interest                                                            235

                  17.04     Order for payment of money                                        236

                  17.05     Order for payment of fine                                            236

Chapter 18        Powers of Judicial Registrars, Registrars
and Deputy Registrars

Part 18.1              Delegation of powers to Judicial Registrars and Registrars

Division 18.1.1        General

                  18.01     Exercise of powers and functions                                237

Division 18.1.2        Delegation to Judicial Registrars

                  18.02     Delegation of powers to Judicial Registrars                  238

                  18.03     Property value exceeding limit — power to determine case 240

Division 18.1.3        Delegation of powers to Registrars and Deputy Registrars

                  18.04     Application of Division 18.1.3                                      240

                  18.05     Registrars                                                                   240

                  18.06     Deputy Registrars                                                        244

Part 18.2              Review of decisions

                  18.07     Application of Part 18.2                                               251

                  18.08     Review of order                                                           251

                  18.09     Stay                                                                            252

                  18.10     Power of court on review                                             252

Chapter 19        Costs

Part 19.1              General

                  19.01     Application of Chapter 19                                            254

                  19.02     Interest on outstanding costs                                       254

                  19.03     Duty to inform about costs                                          255

                  19.04     Notification of costs                                                    255

Part 19.2              Security for costs

                  19.05     Application for security for costs                                 257

                  19.06     Order for security for costs                                          258

                  19.07     Finalising security                                                        258

Part 19.3              Costs orders

                  19.08     Order for costs                                                            259

                  19.09     Costs order for cases in other courts                            259

                  19.10     Costs orders against lawyers                                       260

                  19.11     Notice of costs order                                                   260

Part 19.4              Lawyer and client costs

                  19.12     Costs not to be charged                                              261

                  19.13     Steps before costs recovery                                        261

                  19.14     Costs agreements                                                       262

                  19.15     Notice about costs agreement                                      263

                  19.16     Validity and effect of costs agreement                         263

                  19.17     Setting aside costs agreement                                     263

Part 19.5              Calculation of costs

                  19.18     Lawyer and client costs                                                264

                  19.19     Party and party costs                                                  264

Part 19.6              Claiming and disputing costs

Division 19.6.1        Itemised costs account

                  19.20     Request for itemised costs account                             266

                  19.21     Service of lawyer’s itemised costs account                   266

                  19.22     Lawyer’s itemised costs account                                  267

                  19.23     Disputing itemised costs account                                 267

                  19.24     Assessment of disputed costs                                     268

                  19.25     Amendment of itemised costs account and Form 15     268

Division 19.6.2        Assessment process

                  19.26     Fixing of date for assessment                                      269

                  19.27     Notification of hearing                                                 269

                  19.28     Settlement conference                                                 269

                  19.29     Preliminary assessment                                               269

                  19.30     Objection to preliminary assessment amount                270

                  19.31     If no objection to preliminary assessment                     270

                  19.32     Assessment hearing                                                    271

                  19.33     Powers of Registrars                                                   271

                  19.34     Assessment principles                                                 272

                  19.35     Allowance for matters not specified                              273

                  19.36     Neglect or delay before Registrar                                 274

                  19.37     Costs assessment order — costs account not disputed 274

                  19.38     Setting aside a costs assessment order                       275

Part 19.7              Specific costs matters

                  19.39     Application of Part 19.7                                               276

                  19.40     Costs in court of summary jurisdiction                          276

                  19.41     Charge for each page                                                  276

                  19.42     Proportion of costs                                                     276

                  19.43     Costs for reading                                                        277

                  19.44     Postage within Australia                                               277

                  19.45     Waiting and travelling time                                           277

                  19.46     Agent’s fees                                                                278

                  19.47     Expenses for attendance by witness                            278

                  19.48     Expenses payable to expert witness                             278

                  19.49     Costs of cases not started together                             278

                  19.50     Certificate as to counsel                                              279

                  19.51     Lawyer as counsel — party and party costs                  279

                  19.52     Lawyer as counsel — assessment of fees                    279

                  19.53     Lawyer as counsel — lawyer and client costs                280

Part 19.8              Review of assessment

                  19.54     Application for review                                                  281

                  19.55     Time for filing an application for review                         281

                  19.56     Hearing of application                                                  281

Chapter 20        Enforcement of financial orders and obligations

Part 20.1              General

                  20.01     Enforceable obligations                                               283

                  20.02     When an agreement may be enforced                           284

                  20.03     When a child support liability may be enforced             284

                  20.04     Who may enforce an obligation                                    285

                  20.05     Enforcing an obligation to pay money                          285

                  20.06     Affidavit to be filed with application for enforcement order 286

                  20.07     General enforcement powers of court                           287

                  20.08     Enforcement order                                                       287

                  20.09     Discharging, suspending or varying enforcement order 288

Part 20.2              Information for aiding enforcement

Division 20.2.1        Processes for aiding enforcement

                  20.10     Processes for obtaining financial information                289

Division 20.2.2        Enforcement hearings

                  20.11     Enforcement hearing                                                    290

                  20.12     Obligations of payer                                                    290

                  20.13     Subpoena of witness                                                   291

                  20.14     Failure concerning Financial Statement (Form 13) or enforcement hearing      291

Part 20.3              Enforcement warrants

Division 20.3.1        General

                  20.15     Definitions                                                                  292

                  20.16     Request for Enforcement Warrant (Form 16)                 292

                  20.17     Validity and renewal of Enforcement Warrant                293

                  20.18     Enforcement officer’s responsibilities                           293

                  20.19     Directions for enforcement                                           294

                  20.20     Effect of Enforcement Warrant                                     294

                  20.21     Advertising before sale                                                295

                  20.22     Result of sale notice                                                    296

                  20.23     Payee’s responsibilities                                               296

                  20.24     Orders for real property                                               297

Division 20.3.2        Claims by person affected by an Enforcement Warrant

                  20.25     Notice of claim                                                            298

                  20.26     Payee to admit or dispute claim                                   298

                  20.27     Admitting claim                                                           298

                  20.28     Denial or no response to claim                                     299

                  20.29     Hearing of application                                                  299

Part 20.4              Third Party Debt Notice

                  20.30     Application of Part 20.4                                               300

                  20.31     Money deposited in a financial institution                      300

                  20.32     Request for Third Party Debt Notice (Form 17)              300

                  20.33     Service of Third Party Debt Notice (Form 17)                301

                  20.34     Effect of Third Party Debt Notice — general                 301

                  20.35     Employer’s obligations                                                302

                  20.36     Duration of Third Party Debt Notice                              302

                  20.37     Response to Third Party Debt Notice                            303

                  20.38     Discharge of Third Party Debt Notice                           303

                  20.39     Claim by affected person                                             303

                  20.40     Cessation of employment                                            304

                  20.41     Compliance with Third Party Debt Notice                      304

Part 20.5              Sequestration of property

                  20.42     Application for sequestration of property                      306

                  20.43     Order for sequestration                                                306

                  20.44     Order relating to sequestration                                     307

                  20.45     Procedural orders for sequestration                              307

Part 20.6              Receivership

                  20.46     Application for appointment of receiver                        309

                  20.47     Appointment and powers of receiver                            309

                  20.48     Security                                                                      310

                  20.49     Accounts                                                                    310

                  20.50     Objection to accounts                                                  310

                  20.51     Removal of receiver                                                     310

                  20.52     Compliance with orders and Rules                                311

Part 20.7              Enforcement of obligations other than an obligation to pay money

                  20.53     Application for other enforcement orders                      312

                  20.54     Warrant for possession of real property                        312

                  20.55     Warrant for delivery                                                     313

                  20.56     Warrant for seizure and detention of property                313

Part 20.8              Other provisions about enforcement

                  20.57     Service of order                                                          314

                  20.58     Certificate for payments under maintenance order         314

                  20.59     Enforcement by or against a non-party                         314

Chapter 21        Enforcement of parenting orders, contravention of orders and contempt

Part 21.1              Applications for enforcement of orders, contravention of orders and contempt of court

                  21.01     Application of Part 21.1                                               316

                  21.02     How to apply for an order                                            317

                  21.03     Application made or continued by Marshal                    318

                  21.04     Contempt in the court room                                          319

                  21.05     Fixing of hearing date                                                  319

                  21.06     Response to an application                                          319

                  21.07     Failure of respondent to attend                                    320

                  21.08     Procedure at hearing                                                    320

Part 21.2              Parenting orders — compliance

                  21.09     Duties of program provider                                          321

                  21.10     Relisting for hearing                                                     321

Part 21.3              Location and recovery orders

                  21.11     Application of Part 21.3                                               322

                  21.12     Application for order under Part 21.3                            322

                  21.13     Fixing of hearing date                                                  322

                  21.14     Service of recovery order                                             322

                  21.15     Application for directions for execution of recovery order 323

Part 21.4              Warrants for arrest

                  21.16     Application for warrant                                                 324

                  21.17     Execution of warrant                                                    324

                  21.18     Duration of warrant                                                      325

                  21.19     Procedure after arrest                                                  325

                  21.20     Application for release or setting aside warrant             326

Chapter 22        Appeals

Part 22.1              Introduction

                  22.01     Application of Chapter 22                                            327

Part 22.2              Starting an appeal

                  22.02     Starting an appeal                                                       328

                  22.03     Time for appeal                                                           329

                  22.04     Parties to appeal                                                         329

                  22.05     Service                                                                       329

                  22.06     Notice about appeal to other courts                              329

                  22.07     Cross-appeal                                                               330

                  22.08     Time for cross-appeal                                                  330

                  22.09     Amendment of Notice of Appeal (Form 20)                   330

                  22.10     Documents filed in a current appeal                              330

                  22.11     Exhibits                                                                      331

                  22.12     Stay                                                                            331

Part 22.3              Appeal to Full Court

                  22.13     Application of Part 22.3                                               333

                  22.14     Pre-argument statement                                               333

                  22.15     Fixing of first court date                                              334

                  22.16     Filing draft index to appeal books                                334

                  22.17     Attendance on first court date                                      334

                  22.18     Procedure on first court date                                        335

                  22.19     Settlement conference                                                 335

                  22.20     Procedural hearing                                                       335

                  22.21     Appeal books                                                             336

                  22.22     Form of appeal books                                                 336

                  22.23     Transcript of hearing                                                    337

                  22.24     Preparation of appeal books                                        338

                  22.25     Fixing a date for appeal                                               338

                  22.26     Summary of argument and list of authorities                 339

Part 22.4              Appeal from Federal Magistrates Court heard by single Judge

                  22.27     Application of Part 22.4                                               340

                  22.28     Notice of Appeal Registry and referral to Judge            341

                  22.29     Fixing of date for procedural hearing                            341

                  22.30     Attendance at procedural hearing                                 341

                  22.31     Procedural orders for conduct of appeal                      342

                  22.32     Documents for appeal hearing                                     342

                  22.33     Transmission of papers                                               343

                  22.34     Date fixed for appeal hearing                                       343

Part 22.5              Appeal from court of summary jurisdiction

                  22.35     Application of Part 22.5                                               344

                  22.36     Fixing of hearing date                                                  344

                  22.37     Transmission of papers                                               344

Part 22.6              Powers of appeal courts and conduct of appeal

                  22.38     Non-attendance by party                                              345

                  22.39     Attendance by electronic communication                      345

                  22.40     Attendance of party in prison                                       346

                  22.41     Short reasons for decision                                           347

Part 22.7              Applications in relation to appeals

Division 22.7.1        How to make an application

                  22.42     Application of Part 22.7                                               348

                  22.43     Application in relation to appeal                                   348

                  22.44     Hearing date for application                                         349

                  22.45     Decision without an oral hearing                                   349

Division 22.7.2        Application for permission to appeal

                  22.46     Time for filing application for permission to appeal       350

                  22.47     Notice to others of appeal                                           351

                  22.48     Orders about conduct of application                            351

Division 22.7.3        Other applications relating to appeals

                  22.49     Security for costs                                                        352

                  22.50     Expediting an appeal                                                   352

                  22.51     Further evidence on appeal                                          352

                  22.52     Review of Appeal Registrar’s order                               353

Part 22.8              Concluding an appeal

                  22.53     Consent orders on appeal                                            354

                  22.54     Discontinuance of appeal                                            354

                  22.55     Dismissal of appeal                                                     354

                  22.56     Abandoning an appeal                                                 355

                  22.57     Application for reinstatement of appeal                        355

                  22.58     Dismissal of appeal for non-compliance or delay          356

Part 22.9              Appeal to High Court

                  22.59     Application for certificate to appeal to High Court of Australia          357

Part 22.10            Case stated

                  22.60     Application of Part 22.10                                             358

                  22.61     Case stated                                                                 358

                  22.62     Objection to draft case stated                                      359

                  22.63     Settlement and signing                                                359

                  22.64     Filing of copies of case stated                                     359

                  22.65     Fixing of hearing date                                                  359

                  22.66     Summary of argument and list of authorities                 360

Chapter 23        Registration of documents

Part 23.1              Registration of agreements, orders and child support debts

                  23.01     Registration of agreements                                          361

                  23.02     Registration of debt due to the Commonwealth under child support legislation          362

Part 23.2              Parenting plans

                  23.03     Requirements for registration of an agreement revoking a registered parenting plan   363

                  23.04     Court may require service or additional information       363

                  23.05     Application may be dealt with in chambers                    364

Chapter 24        Documents, filing, registry

Part 24.1              Requirements for documents

                  24.01     General requirements                                                   365

                  24.02     Corporation as a party                                                 366

                  24.03     Change of name of party                                             367

                  24.04     Compliance with forms                                                367

Part 24.2              Filing documents

                  24.05     How a document is filed                                              368

                  24.06     Filing a document by facsimile                                     369

                  24.07     Filing by e-mail and Internet                                          369

                  24.08     Additional copies for filing                                           370

                  24.09     Documents filed during a case                                     371

                  24.10     Refusal to accept document for filing                           371

                  24.11     Filing a notice of payment into court                             371

Part 24.3              Registry records

                  24.12     Removal of document from registry                             372

                  24.13     Searching court record and copying documents            372

Chapter 25        Applications under the Corporations
Act 2001

                  25.01     Application of Chapter 25                                            373

                  25.02     Application of Corporations Rules                                373

                  25.03     Modification of Corporations Rules                              373

                  25.04     Application under Corporations Act 2001                       374

                  25.05     Transfer of case under Corporations Act 2001                374

                  25.06     Fixing a date for hearing                                              374

Schedule 1              Pre-action procedures                                                375

Part 1                      Financial cases (property settlement and maintenance)  375

Part 2                      Parenting cases                                                           384

Schedule 2              Forms                                                                        392

Schedule 3              Itemised scale of costs                                               394

Part 1                      Fees for lawyer’s work done                                         394

Part 2                      Fees for counsel’s work done                                      395

Part 3                      Basic composite amount for undefended divorce         395

Part 4                      Basic composite amount for application for Enforcement Warrant or Third Party Debt Notice 396

Schedule 4              Conduct money and witness fees                               397

Part 1                      Conduct money                                                           397

Part 2                      Witness fees                                                               398

Schedule 5              Experts’ Conferences — Guidelines for expert witnesses and those instructing them in cases in the Family Court of Australia                                      399

Part 1                      Introduction                                                                 399

Part 2                      Experts’ conference                                                     399

Dictionary                                                                                                 405

Explanatory Guide                                                                                    545

 



 

Chapter 1    Introduction

Summary of Chapter 1

Chapter 1 sets out the rules relating to:

·   the main purpose of these Rules, and the obligations of parties, lawyers and the court;

·   the court’s general powers that are to apply in all cases; and

·   other preliminary matters, including sittings, definitions, calculation of time and publication.

These Rules are not, and should not be read as if they were, a complete code of the court’s powers. Other powers are found in the provisions of various Acts, the court’s inherent jurisdiction and the common law.

The rules in Chapter 1 relating to the court’s general powers apply in all cases and override all other provisions in these Rules.

A word or expression used in this Chapter may be defined in the dictionary at the end of these Rules.

Part 1.1              Preliminary

  

1.01        Name of Rules

                These Rules are the Family Law Rules 2004.

1.02        Commencement

                These Rules commence on 29 March 2004.

Note   The Family Law Rules 1984 (the old Rules), as in force under the Family Law Act 1975 immediately before the commencement of these Rules (the new Rules), are repealed — see the Family Law Repeal Rules 2004. The new Rules apply to a case that was commenced in accordance with the old Rules and not determined before the repeal of those Rules — see rule 4 of the Family Law Repeal Rules 2004.

1.03        Rules in Chapter 1 prevail

         (1)   Chapter 1 sets out the general rules that the court may apply in all cases.

         (2)   If a rule in another Chapter conflicts with a rule in Chapter 1 of these Rules, the rule in Chapter 1 applies.


 

Part 1.2              Main purpose of Rules

  

1.04        Main purpose of Rules

                The main purpose of these Rules is to ensure that each case is resolved in a just and timely manner at a cost to the parties and the court that is reasonable in the circumstances of the case.

Note   Section 43 of the Act sets out the principles that the court must apply when exercising its jurisdiction under the Act.

1.05        Pre-action procedure

         (1)   Before starting a case, each prospective party to the case must comply with the pre-action procedures, the text of which is set out in Schedule 1, including attempting to resolve the dispute using primary dispute resolution methods.

         (2)   Compliance with subrule (1) is not necessary if:

                (a)    for a parenting case — the case involves allegations of child abuse or family violence;

               (b)    for a property case — the case involves allegations of family violence or fraud;

                (c)    the application is urgent;

               (d)    the applicant would be unduly prejudiced;

                (e)    there has been a previous application in the same cause of action in the 12 months immediately before the start of the case;

                (f)    the case is an Application for Divorce; or

               (g)    the case is a Child Support Application or Appeal.

Note 1   The court publishes a brochure setting out the pre-action procedures for financial cases and parenting cases.

Note 2   The court may take into account a party’s failure to comply with a pre-action procedure when considering whether to order costs (see paragraph 1.10 (2) (d)).

1.06        Promoting the main purpose

                The court must apply these Rules to promote the main purpose, and actively manage each case by:

                (a)    encouraging and helping parties to consider and use a primary dispute resolution method rather than having the case resolved by trial;

               (b)    having regard to unresolved risks or other concerns about the welfare of a child involved;

                (c)    identifying the issues in dispute early in the case and separating and disposing of any issues that do not need full investigation and trial;

               (d)    at an early stage, identifying and matching types of cases to the most appropriate case management procedure;

                (e)    setting realistic timetables, and monitoring and controlling the progress of each case;

                (f)    ensuring that parties and their lawyers comply with these Rules, any practice directions and procedural orders;

               (g)    considering whether the likely benefits of taking a step justify the cost of that step;

               (h)    dealing with as many aspects of the case as possible on the same occasion;

                (i)    minimising the need for parties and their lawyers to attend court by, if appropriate, relying on documents; and

                (j)    having regard to any barriers to a party’s understanding of anything relevant to the case.

1.07        Achieving the main purpose

                To achieve the main purpose, the court applies these Rules in a way that:

                (a)    deals with each case fairly, justly and in a timely manner;

               (b)    encourages parties to negotiate a settlement, if appropriate;

                (c)    is proportionate to the issues in a case and their complexity, and the likely costs of the case;

               (d)    promotes the saving of costs;

                (e)    gives an appropriate share of the court’s resources to a case, taking into account the needs of other cases; and

                (f)    promotes family relationships after resolution of the dispute, where possible.

1.08        Responsibility of parties and lawyers in achieving the main purpose

         (1)   Each party has a responsibility to promote and achieve the main purpose, including:

                (a)    ensuring that any orders sought are reasonable in the circumstances of the case and that the court has the power to make those orders;

               (b)    complying with the duty of disclosure (see rule 13.01);

                (c)    ensuring readiness for court events;

               (d)    providing realistic estimates of the length of hearings or trials;

                (e)    complying with time limits;

                (f)    giving notice, as soon as practicable, of an intention to apply for an adjournment or cancellation of a court event;

               (g)    assisting the just, timely and cost-effective disposal of cases;

               (h)    identifying the issues genuinely in dispute in a case;

                (i)    being satisfied that there is a reasonable basis for alleging, denying or not admitting a fact;

                (j)    limiting evidence, including cross-examination, to that which is relevant and necessary;

               (k)    being aware of, and abiding by, the requirements of any practice direction or guideline published by the court; and

                (l)    complying with these Rules and any orders.

         (2)   A lawyer for a party has a responsibility to comply, as far as possible, with subrule (1).

Note   The court recognises that a lawyer acts on a party’s instructions and may be unable to establish whether those instructions are correct.

         (3)   A lawyer attending a court event for a party must:

                (a)    be familiar with the case; and

               (b)    be authorised to deal with any issue likely to arise.

Note   The court may take into account a failure to comply with this rule when considering costs (see subrule 19.10 (1)).


 

Part 1.3              Court’s powers in all cases

  

1.09        Procedural orders in cases of doubt or difficulty

                If the court is satisfied that:

                (a)    a legislative provision does not provide a practice or procedure; or

               (b)    a difficulty arises, or doubt exists, in relation to a matter of practice or procedure;

it may make such orders as it considers necessary.

1.10        Court may make orders

         (1)   Unless a legislative provision states otherwise, the court may make an order, on application or on its own initiative, in relation to any matter mentioned in these Rules.

         (2)   When making an order, the court may:

                (a)    impose terms and conditions;

               (b)    make a consequential order;

                (c)    specify the consequence of failure to comply with the order; and

               (d)    take into account whether a party has complied with a pre‑action procedure.

1.11        Court may set aside or vary order

                The court may set aside or vary an order made in the exercise of a power under these Rules.

1.12        Court may dispense with Rules

         (1)   These Rules apply unless the court, on application or its own initiative, orders otherwise.

         (2)   The court may dispense with compliance with any of these Rules at any time, before or after the occasion for compliance arises.

         (3)   In considering whether to make an order under this rule, the court may consider:

                (a)    the main purpose of these Rules (see rule 1.04);

               (b)    the administration of justice;

                (c)    whether the application has been promptly made;

               (d)    whether non-compliance was intentional; and

                (e)    the effect that granting relief would have on each party and parties to other cases in the court.

1.13        Judicial officer hearing application

                Unless a legislative provision states otherwise, if:

                (a)    these Rules provide that an application or appeal is to be heard by a particular judicial officer or particular class of judicial officer; and

               (b)    such a person is unavailable;

the application or appeal may be listed before another judicial officer who has jurisdiction to hear the application or appeal.

1.14        Shortening or extension of time

         (1)   A party may apply to the court to shorten or extend a time that is fixed under these Rules or by a procedural order.

         (2)   A party may make an application under subrule (1) for an order extending a time to be made even though the time fixed by the rule or order has passed.

         (3)   A party who makes an application under subrule (1) for an extension of time may be ordered to pay any other party’s costs in relation to the application.

1.15        Time for compliance

                If a rule or order requires a person to take an action but does not specify a time by which the action is to be taken, the person must take the action as soon as practicable.


 

Part 1.4              Other preliminary matters

  

1.16        Definitions — the dictionary

         (1)   The dictionary at the end of these Rules defines and explains certain words and expressions.

         (2)   Within a definition, the defined term is identified by bold italics.

         (3)   The dictionary is part of these Rules.

         (4)   A definition of a word or expression in the dictionary applies to each use of the word or expression in these Rules, unless the context does not permit.

1.17        Notes, examples etc

         (1)   The following are explanatory only and are not part of these Rules:

                (a)    chapter summaries;

               (b)    examples;

                (c)    flow charts;

               (d)    notes.

         (2)   The explanatory guide at the end of these Rules is not part of these Rules and is not to be used in interpreting these Rules.

Note 1   See section 13 and paragraph 15AB (2) (a) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

Note 2   In interpreting these Rules:

Specific prevails over the general

In these Rules, if there is a conflict between a general rule and a specific rule, the specific rule prevails.

Use of ‘and’ and ‘or’ between paragraphs etc

A series of paragraphs may be joined by the word and or or, which will appear between the last 2 paragraphs only. The series is to be read as if the same word appears between each paragraph in the series — for example:

(1)      This is:

           (a) a paragraph;

           (b) another paragraph; and

           (c) yet another paragraph.

and

(2)      This is:

           (a) a paragraph;

           (b) another paragraph; or

           (c) yet another paragraph.

If the paragraphs are to be read as a list, the words and or or are not used — for example:

(3)      A provision may include the following:

           (a) a paragraph;

           (b) another paragraph;

           (c) yet another paragraph.

1.18        Sittings

                The Family Court of Australia must sit at the times and places the Chief Justice directs.

1.19        Permission to record court event

                A person must not photograph, or record by electronic or mechanical means, any court event.

Note   Section 121 of the Act restricts publication of information relating to cases.

1.20        Publishing lists of cases

         (1)   A list of cases to be heard in the court prepared by a Registry Manager may be:

                (a)    published in the law list in a newspaper; and

               (b)    made available to members of the legal profession and their employees.

Note   See subsection 121 (2) of the Act.

         (2)   The list may contain:

                (a)    the family name of a party, but not a given name;

               (b)    the file number of a case;

                (c)    the name of the judicial officer for a hearing or trial;

               (d)    the time and place where a named judicial officer will sit; and

                (e)    the general nature of an application.

1.21        Calculating time

         (1)   Time in a case runs during a period when the filing registry is closed.

         (2)   If:

                (a)    the period allowed by these Rules or an order for an action to be validly taken is 5 days or less; and

               (b)    the period includes a day when the filing registry is closed;

that day is not counted.

         (3)   For the calculation of time of one day or more from a particular day, or from the occurrence of a particular event, the particular day, or the day when the event occurs, is not counted.

         (4)   If the last day for taking an action requiring attendance at a filing registry is on a day when the filing registry is closed, the action may be taken on the next day when the filing registry is open.

         (5)   Subsection 36 (2) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 does not apply to these Rules.


 

Chapter 2    Starting a case

Summary of Chapter 2

Chapter 2 sets out rules about:

·   the form of application you must file to start a case in a court;

·   the documents you must file with an application; and

·   the brochures and notices that must be filed, given or served in a case.

Before starting a case, you must comply with the court’s pre‑action procedures (see subrule 1.05 (1) and Schedule 1).

The rules in Chapter 1 relating to the court’s general powers apply in all cases and override all other provisions in these Rules.

A word or expression used in this Chapter may be defined in the dictionary at the end of these Rules.

Part 2.1              Applications

  

2.01        Which application to file

                A person starting a case must file an application as set out in Table 2.1.

Table 2.1   Applications

 

Item

Kind of application

Application form to be filed

1

Application for Final Orders (other than a consent order or a divorce), for example:

     ·  property settlement

     ·  parenting

     ·  maintenance

     ·  child support

     ·  medical procedures

Application for Final Orders (Form 1)

 

     ·  nullity

     ·  declaration as to validity of marriage, divorce or annulment

     ·  passport

 

2

Interim order in a case

Application in a Case (Form 2)

3

Procedural, ancillary or other incidental order relating to an order, application or appeal

Application in a Case (Form 2)

4

Enforcement of a financial obligation or parenting order

Application in a Case (Form 2)

5

Review of an order of a Registrar or Judicial Registrar

Application in a Case (Form 2)

6

Divorce

Application for Divorce (Form 3)

7

Consent order when there is no current case

Application for Consent Orders (Form 11)

8

Contravention of an order under Division 13A of Part VII of the Act affecting children, for example, a breach of a contact order

Application — Contravention (Form 18)

9

Contravention of an order under Part XIIIA of the Act not affecting children, for example, a breach of a property order

Application — Contravention (Form 18)

10

Contempt of court

Application — Contempt (Form 19)

Note 1   If a party seeks interim orders as well as final orders, the party may file a Form 2 at the same time as a Form 1.

Note 2   A respondent seeking orders in another cause of action may make an application in Form 1A (see paragraph 9.01 (3) (c)).

Note 3   For further information about:

(a)   a divorce application, see Chapter 3;

(b)   starting a case for final orders other than a divorce, see Chapter 4;

(c)   making an Application in a Case, see Chapter 5;

(d)   an application for a consent order, see Chapter 10;

(e)   an application for contempt, enforcement or contravention, see Chapters 20 and 21; and

(f)   an appeal or an application relating to an appeal, see Chapter 22.

Note 4   An application seeking orders under the Act may not be filed in a court of a Territory unless the applicant or respondent ordinarily resides in the Territory at the time the application is filed (see subsection 39 (8) and section 69K of the Act).

2.02        Documents to be filed with applications

         (1)   A person must file with an application mentioned in an item of Table 2.2, the document mentioned in the item if the document has not already been filed.

Table 2.2   Documents to be filed with applications

 

Item

Application

Documents to be filed with application

1

Application for Final Orders (Form 1)

the marriage certificate or divorce or nullity order

2

Form 1, in which parenting orders are sought between parties who have never been married to each other

the child’s birth certificate

3

Form 1, or Response (Form 1A), in which financial orders are sought, for example, property settlement, maintenance, child support

   (a)  for Form 1 only — one of the documents mentioned in this column in item 1 or 2;

  (b)  a completed Form 13 (see rule 13.05)

4

Form 1 or Form 1A in which property settlement orders are sought, and Reply (Form 1B) responding to Form 1A in which property settlement orders are sought as a new cause of action

   (a)  the documents mentioned in this column in item 3;

  (b)  a completed superannuation information form (attached to the Form 13) for a superannuation interest of the party filing the Form 1, 1A or 1B

5

Form 1 or Form 1A relying on a cross-vesting law, or seeking an order under Part 4.2:

     ·  for a medical procedure;

     ·  for step-parent maintenance, if there is consent or the application is unopposed;

     ·  for nullity of marriage;

     ·  for a declaration as to validity of a marriage or divorce or annulment; or

     ·  relating to a passport

   (a)  for Form 1 only — one of the documents mentioned in this column in item 1 or 2;

  (b)  an affidavit (see rules 4.06, 4.09, 4.16, 4.29 and 4.30)

6

Form 1 or Form 1A in which a Child Support Application or Appeal is made

   (a)  for Form 1 only — one of the documents mentioned in this column in item 1 or 2;

  (b)  the documents mentioned in rule 4.19 for the application

7

Application in a Case (Form 2) other than an application seeking review of a decision by a Registrar or Judicial Registrar

   (a)  an affidavit (see rule 5.02);

  (b)  for a Form 2 permitted by subrule 5.04 (3) — one of the documents mentioned in this column in item 1 or 2

8

Application for Divorce (Form 3)

the marriage certificate

9

Application for Consent Orders (Form 11)

   (a)  one of the documents mentioned in this column in item 1 or 2;

  (b)  for a Form 11 in which orders are sought in relation to a superannuation interest (see rule 10.16) — a completed superannuation information form for the superannuation interest

10

Application — Contravention (Form 18)

an affidavit (see subrules 21.02 (2) and (3))

11

Application — Contempt (Form 19)

an affidavit (see subrule 21.02 (2))

         (2)   If an applicant is required to file a document mentioned in item 1, 2 or 8 of Table 2.2, the applicant may file an image, photocopy or certified copy of the document.

         (3)   If an applicant is unable to file a document mentioned in item 1, 2 or 8 of Table 2.2, the applicant must file:

                (a)    an affidavit setting out the reasons why the document was not filed; or

               (b)    a written notice containing an undertaking to file the document within the time specified in the notice.

         (4)   If a document mentioned in Table 2.2 is not in English, the person filing the document must file:

                (a)    a translation of the document, in English; and

               (b)    an affidavit, by the person who made the translation, verifying the translation and setting out the person’s qualifications to make the translation.

Note 1   A party must not file an affidavit with an Application for Final Orders (Form 1) unless permitted to do so by Chapter 4 or an order (see rules 1.12 and 4.02).

Note 2   A document that is filed must be served (see rules 7.03 and 7.04).

Note 3   For information about filing documents, see Chapter 24.


 

Part 2.2              Brochures

  

2.03        Preparation and distribution of brochures

         (1)   This rule applies to a person who:

                (a)    is:

                          (i)    seeking to start a case;

                         (ii)    a party to a case;

                        (iii)    seeking to intervene in a case relating to children under Part VII of the Act; or

                        (iv)    interested in the care, welfare and development of a child who is the subject of a case; and

               (b)    is required, under section 17, subsection 19J (2) or section 62H of the Act, to be provided with information.

         (2)   A lawyer representing a person to whom this rule applies must ensure that the person is given a brochure prepared by the court for section 17, subsection 19J (2) or section 62H of the Act (whichever is applicable).

Note   If a person to whom this rule applies is not represented by a lawyer, the court will make the brochure available to the person as required by the Act.

         (3)   A person who files an Application for Final Orders (Form 1) or an Application for Divorce (Form 3) must, when serving the application on the respondent, also serve a brochure prepared by the court for section 17, subsection 19J (2) or section 62H of the Act (whichever is applicable).

Note   In addition to the requirements of this rule, an applicant who has filed a Maintenance Application, Child Support Application or Appeal, or an Application for an Enforcement Hearing must serve the relevant brochure on the respondent (see rule 4.13 and subrules 4.23 (2) and 20.11 (3)).


 

Part 2.3              Notification in certain cases

  

2.04        Notice of Child Abuse or Risk of Abuse (Act s 67Z)

         (1)   A party who alleges that a child to whom a case relates has been abused, or is at risk of being abused, must file a Notice of Child Abuse or Risk of Abuse (Form 4).

         (2)   A party who files a Form 4 must serve a copy on each person to be served, including the person:

                (a)    who is alleged to have abused the child; or

               (b)    from whom the child is alleged to be at risk of abuse.

Note   Section 67Z of the Act provides that, if a notice is filed under that section, the Registry Manager must notify a prescribed child welfare authority.

2.05        Family violence order

         (1)   A party must file a copy of any family violence order affecting the parties or a child of the parties:

                (a)    when a case starts; or

               (b)    as soon as practicable after the order is made.

         (2)   If a copy of the family violence order is not available, the party must file a written notice containing:

                (a)    an undertaking to file the order within a specified time;

               (b)    the date of the order;

                (c)    the court that made the order; and

               (d)    the details of the order.

2.06        Notification of proceeds of crime order or forfeiture application (Act ss 79B and 90M)

                If a party to a property settlement or spousal maintenance case is required to give the Registry Manager written notice under subsection 79B (3) or 90M (3) of the Act of a proceeds of crime order or forfeiture application, the party must:

                (a)    attach to the notice a sealed copy of the proceeds of crime order or forfeiture application, if not already filed; and

               (b)    file the notice as soon as possible after the party is notified by the Director of Public Prosecutions under paragraph 79B (3) (b) or 90M (3) (b) of the Act.

2.07        Proceeds of crime

         (1)   If the Director of Public Prosecutions applies under section 79C or 90N of the Act to stay a property settlement or spousal maintenance case, the Director must, at the same time, file a sealed copy of the proceeds of crime order or forfeiture application covering the property of the parties to the marriage or either of them, if not already filed.

         (2)   An application under section 79D or 90P of the Act to lift a stay of a property settlement or spousal maintenance case must have filed with it:

                (a)    proof that the proceeds of crime order has ceased to be in force or that the forfeiture application has been finally determined; and

               (b)    if made by a party, the written consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions under section 79D or 90P of the Act.

Note   A party seeking a stay of a case or an order lifting a stay under this rule must file an Application in a Case (Form 2) (see Chapter 5).



 

Chapter 3    Divorce

Summary of Chapter 3

Chapter 3 sets out the procedure for obtaining a divorce. You may also need to refer to other Chapters in these Rules, particularly Chapters 7 and 24, when applying for a divorce.

The rules in Chapter 1 relating to the court’s general powers apply in all cases and override all other provisions in these Rules.

A word or expression used in this Chapter may be defined in the dictionary at the end of these Rules.

  

  

 

 

Irretrievable breakdown of marriage (Act s 48)

 


File Application for Divorce (Form 3) (r 2.01)

 

 

 

Application by both parties

Application by 1 party

28 days

Service on other party (r 7.04)

 

 


Response (if any) (r 3.04)

 

 

 

 

Hearing (Parts 3.3 and 3.4)

 

 

 


Divorce order (Act s 54)

 

 

 

1 month

 

 

 

Certificate of divorce issued by court (Act s 55)

 

 

 



 

Part 3.1              Application for Divorce

  

3.01        Fixing of hearing date

         (1)   On the filing of an Application for Divorce (Form 3), the Registry Manager must fix a date for the hearing of the application.

         (2)   The date fixed must be:

                (a)    for a joint application — at least 28 days after the application is filed; or

               (b)    for any other application:

                          (i)    if the respondent is in Australia — at least 42 days after the application is filed; or

                         (ii)    if the respondent is outside Australia — at least 56 days after the application is filed.

Note 1   A Form 3 (other than a joint application) must be served on the respondent (see rule 7.03).

Note 2   When a Form 3 is served, the respondent must also be given a brochure approved by the Principal Registrar (see rule 2.03 and section 17 of the Act).

3.02        Amendment of Form 3

                An applicant may amend a Form 3:

                (a)    within 14 days before the hearing; or

               (b)    within any shorter time permitted by the court or consented to by the respondent.

3.03        Discontinuance of Form 3

                An applicant may discontinue an Application for Divorce (Form 3) by filing and serving a Notice of Discontinuance (Form 10) at least 7 days before the date fixed for the hearing.

Note   The court may, at the hearing, give permission for an Application for Divorce (Form 3) to be discontinued.


 

Part 3.2              Response

  

3.04        Response

         (1)   A respondent to an Application for Divorce (Form 3) who seeks to oppose the divorce or contest the jurisdiction of the court must file a Response to an Application for Divorce (Form 3A):

                (a)    if the respondent is served in Australia — within 28 days after the day when the Form 3 is served on the respondent; or

               (b)    if the respondent is served outside Australia — within 42 days after the day when the Form 3 is served on the respondent.

         (2)   If a respondent files a Form 3A:

                (a)    the hearing must proceed in open court; and

               (b)    each party must attend or be represented by a lawyer.

Note   A document that is filed must be served (see rules 7.03 and 7.04).

3.05        Objection to jurisdiction

         (1)   If, in a Form 3A, a respondent objects to the jurisdiction of the court, the respondent will not be taken to have submitted to the jurisdiction of the court by also seeking an order that the application be dismissed on another ground.

         (2)   The objection to the jurisdiction must be determined before any other orders sought in the Form 3A.

3.06        Response out of time

                If a respondent files a Form 3A after the time allowed under subrule 3.04 (1):

                (a)    the applicant may consent to the late filing; or

               (b)    if the applicant does not consent, the court may continue the case as if the response had not been filed.

Note   The respondent may apply to the court for permission to file a Form 3A after the time allowed by rule 3.04 (see rule 1.14).

3.07        Affidavit to reply to information in Form 3

                A respondent to a Form 3 who disputes any of the facts set out in the application, but does not oppose the divorce, may, at least 7 days before the date fixed for the hearing of the application, file and serve an affidavit setting out the facts in dispute.


 

Part 3.3              Attendance at hearing

  

3.08        Attendance at hearing

         (1)   A party may apply under rule 5.06 to attend the hearing of an Application for Divorce (Form 3) by electronic communication.

         (2)   Subject to Part 3.4:

                (a)    if the applicant fails to attend the hearing in person or by a lawyer, the application may be dismissed; and

               (b)    if the respondent fails to attend the hearing in person or by a lawyer, the applicant may proceed with the hearing as if the application were undefended.


 

Part 3.4              Hearing in absence of parties

  

3.09        Seeking a hearing in absence of parties

                If, in an Application for Divorce (Form 3) (other than a case started by a joint Application):

                (a)    no Response (Form 3A) has been filed;

               (b)    at the date fixed for the hearing, there are no children of the marriage within the meaning of subsection 98A (3) of the Act;

                (c)    the applicant has requested that the case be heard in the absence of the parties; and

               (d)    the respondent has not requested the court not to hear the case in the absence of the parties;

the court may determine the case in the absence of the parties.

3.10        Hearing in absence of parties — joint application

                If, in a joint Application for Divorce (Form 3), the applicants request that the case be heard in their absence, the court may so determine the case.

Note   The court must not determine the Application in the absence of the parties if there are any children of the marriage who are under 18 and the court is not satisfied that proper arrangements have been made for their care, welfare and development (see subsection 98A (2A) of the Act).

3.11        Request not to hear case in parties’ absence

                A respondent to a Form 3 who objects to the case being heard in the absence of the parties must, at least 7 days before the date fixed for the hearing, file and serve a written notice to that effect.

Note 1   If a respondent seeks that a case not be heard in the absence of the parties, the court must not determine the case in the absence of the parties (see subsection 98A (1) of the Act).

Note 2   A notice under this rule must comply with subrule 24.01 (1).


 

Part 3.5              Events affecting divorce order

  

3.12        Application for rescission of divorce order

                A party may, before a divorce order nisi becomes absolute, apply for the order to be rescinded by filing an Application in a Case (Form 2).

Note 1   Sections 57 and 58 of the Act set out the circumstances in which the court may rescind a divorce order nisi.

Note 2   A party filing a Form 2 must file an affidavit (see rule 5.02).

3.13        Death of party

                If a party to an Application for Divorce (Form 3) dies after the divorce order nisi is made but before the order becomes absolute, the surviving party must inform the Registry Manager of the death of the other party by filing:

                (a)    the death certificate of the deceased party; or

               (b)    an affidavit stating the details of the deceased party’s date and place of death.



 

Chapter 4    Application for Final Orders

  

  

Summary of Chapter 4

Chapter 4 sets out rules about:

·   the general procedure for starting a case by a Form 1 seeking final orders, for example, an Application for Property Settlement or Parenting Orders; and

·   the procedure for starting specific applications such as an Application relying on cross-vesting laws, for a medical procedure, maintenance, child support or a declaration as to validity of a marriage.

Before starting a case, you must comply with the court’s pre‑action procedures (see subrule 1.05 (1) and Schedule 1).

You may also need to refer to other Chapters in these Rules when making an application, in particular, Chapters 6, 7 and 24. The flow chart at the beginning of Chapter 12 sets out the procedure that applies to an Application for Final Orders, other than applications mentioned in Part 4.2.

Note   This Chapter does not apply to:

(a)   an Application for Divorce (see Chapter 3);

(b)   an Application for an Interim or Procedural Order or other incidental order relating to an Application for Final Orders (see Chapter 5);

(c)   an Application for Review of a Judicial Registrar’s or a Registrar’s Order (see Chapter 18);

(d)   an Application to enforce an obligation to pay money (see Chapter 20);

(e)   an Application resulting from a contravention of an order or in relation to contempt (see Chapter 21);

(f)   an Application relating to an appeal (see Chapter 22); or

(g)   an appeal (see Chapter 22).

The rules in Chapter 1 relating to the court’s general powers apply in all cases and override all other provisions in these Rules.

A word or expression used in this Chapter may be defined in the dictionary at the end of these Rules.



 

Part 4.1              Introduction

  

4.01        Contents of Application for Final Orders (Form 1)

         (1)   In an Application for Final Orders (Form 1), the applicant must:

                (a)    give full particulars of the orders sought; and

               (b)    include all causes of action that can be disposed of conveniently in the same case.

Note   Under paragraph 1.08 (1) (a), any orders sought must be reasonable in the circumstances of the case and within the power of the court.

         (2)   A party seeking any of the following must not include any other cause of action in the Application:

                (a)    an order that a marriage be annulled;

               (b)    a declaration as to the validity of a marriage, divorce or annulment;

                (c)    an order authorising a medical procedure under Division 4.2.3.

Note   An application for an order mentioned in subrule (2) may only be made in a Form 1 and must not be made in a Form 1A (see subrule 9.01 (4)).

         (3)   Despite subrule (2), a party may seek the following orders in the same Application:

                (a)    an order that a marriage be annulled;

               (b)    a declaration as to the validity of a marriage, divorce or annulment.

Note   For amendment of an application, see Division 11.2.2.

4.02        Filing affidavits

                A party must not file an affidavit with a Form 1 unless permitted or required to do so by this Chapter or rule 2.02.

Example

A party seeking property settlement or parenting orders must not file an affidavit with a Form 1.

4.03        First court date

                On the filing of a Form 1, the Registry Manager must fix a date:

                (a)    for a case assessment conference or procedural hearing that is as near as practicable to 28 days after the application was filed; or

               (b)    if an earlier date is fixed for the hearing of an Application in a Case (Form 2) filed with the Form 1 — for a procedural hearing on the same day.

Note   Under subrule 5.05 (4), a Registrar may, in exceptional circumstances, allow a Form 2 to be listed for urgent hearing. Chapter 12 sets out the requirements for case assessment conferences and procedural hearings.


 

Part 4.2              Specific applications

Division 4.2.1        General

4.04        General provisions still apply

                If a rule in this Part specifies particular requirements for an application, those requirements are in addition to the general requirements for an Application for Final Orders (Form 1).

4.05        Application by Attorney-General for transfer of case

                If the Attorney-General of the Commonwealth, or of a State or Territory, applies for the transfer of a case under Division 4.2.2 (Cross-vesting) or Chapter 25 (Corporations Act 2001), the Attorney-General does not, by that application, automatically become a party to the case.

Division 4.2.2        Cross-vesting

4.06        Cross-vesting matters

         (1)   If a party filing an Application for Final Orders (Form 1) or a Response to Application for Final Orders (Form 1A) relies on a cross-vesting law, the party must specify, in the Form, the particular State or Territory law on which the party relies.

         (2)   A party relying on a cross-vesting law after a case has started must file an Application in a Case (Form 2) seeking procedural orders in relation to the matter.

         (3)   A party to whom subrule (1) or (2) applies must also file an affidavit stating:

                (a)    that the claim is based on the State or Territory law and the reasons why the Family Court should deal with the claim;

               (b)    the rules of evidence and procedure (other than those of the relevant Family Court) on which the party relies; and

                (c)    if the case involves a special federal matter — the grounds for claiming the matter involves a special federal matter.

4.07        Transfer of case

                A party to a case to which rule 4.06 applies may apply to have the case transferred to another court by filing a Form 2.

Note   An application under this rule must be listed for hearing by a Judge.

Division 4.2.3        Medical procedure

4.08        Application for medical procedure

         (1)   Any of the following persons may make a Medical Procedure Application in relation to a child:

                (a)    a parent of the child;

               (b)    a person who has a parenting order in relation to the child;

                (c)    the child;

               (d)    the child representative;

                (e)    any other person concerned with the care, welfare and development of the child.

         (2)   If a person mentioned in paragraph (1) (a) or (b) is not an applicant, the person must be named as a respondent to the application.

Note 1   Section 65C of the Act sets out who may apply for a parenting order.

Note 2   Chapter 2 provides for a Form 1 to be used to make an Application for Final Orders and the documents to be filed with that application.

4.09        Evidence supporting application

         (1)   If a Medical Procedure Application is filed, evidence must be given to satisfy the court that the proposed medical procedure is in the best interests of the child.

         (2)   The evidence must include evidence from a medical, psychological or other relevant expert witness that establishes the following:

                (a)    the exact nature and purpose of the proposed medical procedure;

               (b)    the particular condition of the child for which the procedure is required;

                (c)    the likely long-term physical, social and psychological effects of the procedure on the child:

                          (i)    if the procedure is carried out; and

                         (ii)    if the procedure is not carried out;

               (d)    the nature and degree of any risk to the child from the procedure;

                (e)    if alternative and less invasive treatment is available — the reason the procedure is recommended instead of the alternative treatments;

                (f)    that the procedure is necessary for the welfare of the child;

               (g)    if the child is capable of making an informed decision about the procedure — whether the child agrees to the procedure;

               (h)    if the child is incapable of making an informed decision about the procedure — that the child:

                          (i)    is currently incapable of making an informed decision; and

                         (ii)    is unlikely to develop sufficiently to be able to make an informed decision within the time in which the procedure should be carried out, or within the foreseeable future;

                (i)    whether the child’s parents or carer agree to the procedure.

         (3)   The evidence may be given:

                (a)    in the form of an affidavit; or

               (b)    with the court’s permission, orally.

4.10        Service of application

                The persons on whom a Medical Procedure Application and any document filed with it must be served include the prescribed child welfare authority.

Note   For service of an Application for Final Orders (Form 1), see rules 7.03 and 7.04.

4.11        Fixing of hearing date

         (1)   On the filing of a Medical Procedure Application, the Registry Manager must fix a date for a hearing before a Judge of a Family Court.

         (2)   The date fixed must be:

                (a)    as soon as possible after the date of filing; and

               (b)    if practicable, within 14 days after the date of filing.

Note   Under subrule 9.08 (1), a Response to an Application (Form 1A) must be filed at least 7 days before the date fixed for the hearing of the application.

4.12        Procedure on first court date

                On the first court date for a Medical Procedure Application, the court must:

                (a)    make procedural orders for the conduct of the case and adjourn the case to a fixed date of hearing; or

               (b)    hear and determine the application.

Division 4.2.4        Maintenance

4.13        Information to respondent

                An applicant in a Maintenance Application must serve with the application a brochure called Maintenance Applications, approved by the Principal Registrar.

Note 1   Chapter 2 provides for a Form 1 to be used to make an Application for Final Orders and the documents to be filed with that application.

Note 2   The brochure required to be served under this rule is in addition to the brochures required to be served under subrule 2.03 (3).

4.14        Procedure on first court date

         (1)   On the first court date for a Maintenance Application, the Registrar must, if practicable, conduct a case assessment conference.

         (2)   If the case is not resolved at the case assessment conference, the Registrar may make orders for the conduct of the case, including the exchange of affidavits between the parties and the listing of the case for hearing.

4.15        Evidence to be provided

                Each party to a Maintenance Application must bring the following documents to the court on the first court date and the hearing date:

                (a)    a copy of the party’s taxation return for the most recent financial year;

               (b)    the party’s taxation assessment for the most recent financial year;

                (c)    the party’s bank records for the period of 12 months ending on the date when the Maintenance Application was filed;

               (d)    if the party receives wage or salary payments — the party’s 3 most recent pay slips;

                (e)    if the party owns or controls a business — the business activity statements for the business for the previous 12 months;

                (f)    any other document relevant to determining the income, needs and financial resources of the party.

Note 1   Documents that may need to be produced under paragraph (f) include documents setting out the details mentioned in rule 13.04.

Note 2   For variation of a maintenance order, see subsection 66S (3) and section 83 of the Act.

4.16        Application for step-parent to maintain

         (1)   This rule applies to an application for a child maintenance order (including an order under section 66M of the Act) if:

                (a)    the parties are the parent and step-parent of the child or children to whom the application relates; and

               (b)    the respondent consents to, or does not oppose, the order sought.

         (2)   The applicant must:

                (a)    file with the application and Financial Statement (Form 13), an affidavit setting out the facts relied on in support of the application, including:

                          (i)    whether the parties are separated;

                         (ii)    the financial circumstances of the parties;

                        (iii)    the reason for seeking the order; and

                        (iv)    the obligations, or potential obligations, of each party for child support for any other child; and

               (b)    serve a copy of the documents filed on:

                          (i)    any person mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) of the definition of each person to be served in subrule 7.04 (4) who is to be served;

                         (ii)    each other person who is a parent or eligible carer of the child in relation to whom the application is made; and

                        (iii)    any other person likely to be affected by the child maintenance order sought.

Example

The parent of a child that the step-parent has a duty to maintain and the Child Support Agency may be persons affected by the order sought.

4.17        Maintenance orders

                If a court orders a person to pay maintenance or other money for the benefit of a child or a party to a marriage, the court must specify the following information in the order:

                (a)    the name of the person or authority to whom the money must be paid;

               (b)    if the maintenance is to be paid as a lump sum — the time by which it must be paid;

                (c)    if the maintenance is to be paid by instalments:

                          (i)    the date by which the first instalment must be paid; and

                         (ii)    the intervals at which the instalments must be paid;

               (d)    if necessary, the method by which the money must be paid or disbursed;

                (e)    the period for which the maintenance is payable.

Note   An order made in accordance with this rule is subject to the Registration Act. For example, if the payee of the order registers it with the Child Support Agency for collection, the amount will be payable over a period specified by the Child Support Registrar.

Division 4.2.5        Child support

4.18        Application of Division 4.2.5

                This Division applies to:

                (a)    an application under the Assessment Act, other than an application for leave to appeal from an order of a court exercising jurisdiction under the Assessment Act; and

               (b)    an appeal under the Assessment Act or Registration Act, other than an appeal from a court.

Note 1   Chapter 2 provides for a Form 1 to be used to make an Application for Final Orders and the documents to be filed with that Form.

Note 2   Chapter 22 sets out the procedure for appealing from a decision of a court.

Note 3   The Assessment Act provides that the parties to a Child Support Application or Appeal should be the liable parent and the eligible carer. The Child Support Registrar does not need to be joined as a party but, after being served with a copy of the application, may intervene in the case.

4.19        Documents to be filed with applications and appeals

         (1)   A person must file with a Child Support Application or Appeal mentioned in an item of Table 4.1, the documents mentioned in the item.

Table 4.1   Documents to file with applications and appeals

 

Item

Application or appeal

Documents to be filed with application or appeal

1

All applications and appeals to which this Division applies

an affidavit setting out the facts relied on in support of the application or appeal, attaching:

   (a)  a schedule setting out:

         (i)   the section of the Assessment Act or Registration Act under which the application or appeal is made;

        (ii)   the grounds of the application or appeal; and

       (iii)   the issues to be determined in the case;

  (b)  a copy of any decision, notice of decision or assessment made by the Child Support Registrar relevant to the application or appeal; and

   (c)  a copy of any document lodged by a party with the Child Support Registrar, or received by a party from the Child Support Registrar, relevant to the decision or assessment

2

Application under section 98, 116, 123 or 129 of the Assessment Act

   (a)  the documents mentioned in this column in item 1;

  (b)  a completed Form 13;

   (c)  a copy of any relevant order or agreement

Note   The documents required to be filed with an application under this rule are in addition to the documents required to be filed under rule 2.02.

         (2)   For paragraph (c) of item 1 of Table 4.1, if the applicant does not have a copy of a document lodged by the other party with the Child Support Agency, the applicant may file the summary of the document prepared by the Child Support Agency.

4.20        Application under Assessment Act s 95 (6)

                A person who makes an application under subsection 95 (6) of the Assessment Act in relation to a child support agreement must register a copy of the agreement with the court.

4.21        Time limits for appeals and applications under Assessment Act

                A person must file an application or appeal under subsection 106 (1), 106A (1), 107 (1) or 110 (1) or section 132 of the Assessment Act within 28 days after receiving:

                (a)    for an application under subsection 106 (1), 106A (1) or 107 (1) of the Assessment Act — a notice given under section 34 or subsection 98ZC (2) of that Act; and

               (b)    for an appeal under subsection 110 (1) or section 132 of the Assessment Act — a notice given under subsection 98ZC (2) of that Act.

Note 1   A person may apply for an extension of time to file after the time limit mentioned in this rule by filing a Form 2 and an affidavit (see rules 1.14 and 5.01).

Note 2   For information about when a document is taken to be served, see rule 7.17.

4.22        Time limit for appeal under Registration Act s 88

                A person served with a notice under subsection 87 (2) of the Registration Act must file an appeal under section 88 of that Act within 28 days after the day when the notice was served.

4.23        Service of application or appeal

         (1)   The persons to be served with a Child Support Application or Appeal include:

                (a)    a parent or eligible carer of the child in relation to whom the application or appeal is made; and

               (b)    the Child Support Registrar.

         (2)   An applicant in a Child Support Application made under section 98, 116, 123 or 129 of the Assessment Act must serve on the respondent, with the application, a brochure called Child Support Applications approved by the Principal Registrar.

Note 1   The brochure required to be served under subrule (2) is in addition to the brochures required to be served under subrule 2.03 (3).

Note 2   For service of an application, see rules 7.03 and 7.04.

4.24        Service by Child Support Registrar

                For rules 4.21 and 4.22, if the Child Support Registrar serves a document on a person under the Assessment Act or Registration Act, the document is taken to have been served on the person on the day specified in rule 7.17.

4.25        Procedure on first court date

         (1)   On the first court date of a Child Support Application or Appeal, the Registrar must conduct:

                (a)    for an application made under section 98, 116, 123 or 129 of the Assessment Act — a case assessment conference; and

               (b)    for any other application or appeal — a procedural hearing.

Note   The Registry Manager fixes the first court date (see rule 4.03).

         (2)   If the application or appeal is not resolved on the first court date, the Registrar may make orders for the future conduct of the case, including the exchange of affidavits between the parties and the listing of the case for hearing.

4.26        Evidence to be provided

         (1)   This rule applies to a Child Support Application under section 98, 116, 123 or 129 of the Assessment Act.

         (2)   On the first court date and the hearing date of the application, each party must bring to the court the documents mentioned in rule 4.15 that are relevant to an issue in the case.

Division 4.2.6        Nullity and validity of marriage and divorce

4.27        Application of Division 4.2.6

                This Division applies to the following applications:

                (a)    an application for an order that a marriage is a nullity;

               (b)    an application for a declaration as to the validity of a marriage;

                (c)    an application for a declaration as to the validity of a divorce or annulment of marriage.

Note   Chapter 2 provides for a Form 1 to be used to make an Application for Final Orders and the documents to be filed with that application.

4.28        Fixing hearing date

         (1)   On the filing of an application under this Division, the Registry Manager must fix a date for the hearing of the application.

         (2)   The date fixed must be:

                (a)    if the respondent is in Australia — at least 42 days after the application is filed; or

               (b)    if the respondent is outside Australia — at least 56 days after the application is filed.

4.29        Affidavit to be filed with application

                An applicant must file with the application an affidavit stating:

                (a)    the facts relied on;

               (b)    for an application for an order that a marriage is a nullity or a declaration as to the validity of a marriage — details of the type of marriage ceremony performed; and

                (c)    for an application for a declaration as to the validity of a divorce or annulment of marriage:

                          (i)    the date of the divorce or order of nullity;

                         (ii)    the name of the court that granted the divorce or order of nullity; and

                        (iii)    the grounds on which the divorce or order of nullity was ordered.

Division 4.2.7        Applications relating to passports

4.30        Application relating to passport

                A party seeking an order relating to a passport must file an Application for Final Orders (Form 1) and an affidavit stating the facts relied on.

Note   An application under this rule includes an application under section 67ZD, 68B or 114 of the Act. See also section 7A of the Passports Act 1938.

4.31        Fixing of hearing date

                On the filing of a Form 1, the Registry Manager must:

                (a)    if the only order sought relates to a passport — fix a date for hearing by a Judge of the Family Court that is as soon as practicable after the date when the application was filed; or

               (b)    in any other case — fix a first court date for the application in accordance with rule 4.03.


 

Chapter 5    Applications in a case

Summary of Chapter 5

Chapter 5 sets out the procedure for making an Application for an Order other than an Application for Final Orders or Divorce. You may also need to refer to other Chapters in these Rules when making an Application, in particular, Chapters 2, 4, 7 and 24.

The rules in Chapter 1 relating to the court’s general powers apply in all cases and override all other provisions in these Rules.

A word or expression used in this Chapter may be defined in the dictionary at the end of these Rules.

Part 5.1              General

  

5.01        Applications in a case

                A party must file an Application in a Case (Form 2) if:

                (a)    the party seeks an interim order;

               (b)    the party seeks a procedural order, ancillary order, interlocutory order or other incidental order relating to an application or order;

                (c)    these Rules provide for an application to be made in Form 2; or

               (d)    no Form is prescribed under these Rules for the party’s application.

Note 1   A Form 2 is used to make:

(a)   an Application for review of a Judicial Registrar’s or Registrar’s order (see Chapter 18);

(b)   an Application to enforce an obligation to pay money or to enforce a parenting order (see Chapter 20 and rule 21.01); and

(c)   an Application for procedural orders in relation to an appeal (see Chapter 22).

Note 2   A party may ask for a procedural order orally (see paragraph (h) of item 3 of Table 11.1 in rule 11.01).

5.02        Evidence in applications in a case

         (1)   A party who files a Form 2 must, at the same time, file an affidavit stating the facts relied on in support of the orders sought.

         (2)   Subrule (1) does not apply to a Form 2 in which a review of the order of a Judicial Registrar or Registrar is sought.

Note   Some rules require that the affidavit filed with the Form address specific factors (see, for example, rule 5.12).

5.03        Procedure before filing

         (1)   Before filing a Form 2, a party must make a reasonable and genuine attempt to settle the issue to which the application relates.

         (2)   An applicant does not have to comply with subrule (1) if:

                (a)    compliance will cause undue delay or expense;

               (b)    the applicant would be unduly prejudiced;

                (c)    the application is urgent; or

               (d)    there are circumstances in which an application is necessary (for example, if there is an allegation of child abuse, family violence or fraud).

Note   The court may take into account a party’s failure to comply with subrule (1) when considering any order for costs (see subsections 117 (2) and (2A) of the Act).

5.04        Restrictions in relation to applications

         (1)   A party may apply for an interim order in relation to a cause of action only if:

                (a)    the party has made an application for final orders in that cause of action; and

               (b)    final orders have not been made on that application.

Note 1   A Form 2 may be filed at the same time as a Form 1.

Note 2   A reference to application includes a reference to cross-application (see the dictionary).

         (2)   A party may apply for an ancillary or procedural order only if the order sought relates to a current case.

         (3)   Subrule (2) does not apply if the party is seeking:

                (a)    permission to start a case or extend a time limit to start a case;

               (b)    to start a case for a child or a person with a disability under rule 6.10; or

                (c)    an order for costs.

         (4)   This rule does not apply to restrict the filing of a Form 2 by:

                (a)    a child representative; or

               (b)    the Director of Public Prosecutions when making an application under section 79C, 79D, 90N or 90P of the Act to stay or lift a stay of a property settlement or spousal maintenance case.

5.05        Fixing a date for hearing or case assessment conference

         (1)   On the filing of a Form 2, the Registry Manager must fix a date for a hearing, procedural hearing or case assessment conference on a date that is as near as practicable to 28 days after the application was filed.

         (2)   An application in which the only orders sought are procedural orders must be listed for a hearing on the first court date.

         (3)   If a Form 2 is filed:

                (a)    at the same time as the related Application for Final Orders (Form 1) — both applications must be listed for the same first court date (see rule 4.03); or

               (b)    after another related Application, the Form 2 may be listed for the same first court date as the related application if a Registrar considers it to be reasonable in the circumstances.

         (4)   The Registry Manager may fix an earlier date for the hearing of a Form 2 if a Registrar is satisfied that:

                (a)    the reason for the urgency is significant and credible; and

               (b)    there is a harm that will be avoided, remedied or mitigated by hearing the application earlier.

Note   The court may order costs against a party who has unreasonably had a matter listed for urgent hearing.

         (5)   If a date for a hearing is fixed, the application must, as far as practicable, be heard by the court on that day.

5.06        Attendance by electronic communication

         (1)   A party may seek permission from the court to use electronic communication to do any of the following at a hearing:

                (a)    attend;

               (b)    adduce evidence of a party or witness;

                (c)    make a submission to the court.

         (2)   A request under subrule (1) must:

                (a)    be in writing;

               (b)    be made at least 7 days before the date fixed for the hearing;

                (c)    address each matter mentioned in subrule 16.08 (3); and

               (d)    set out:

                          (i)    details of the notice in relation to the request that has been given to any other party;

                         (ii)    whether any other party objects to the request; and

                        (iii)    the expense to be incurred by using electronic communication.

         (3)   A request may be considered in chambers, on the documents.

         (4)   The court may take the following matters into account when considering a request:

                (a)    the distance between the party’s residence and the place where the court is to sit;

               (b)    any difficulty the party has in attending because of illness or disability;

                (c)    the expense associated with attending;

               (d)    any concerns about security, including family violence and intimidation;

                (e)    whether any other party objects to the request.

         (5)   In granting a request, the court may:

                (a)    order a party to pay the expenses of the attendance by electronic communication; or

               (b)    apportion the expenses between the parties.

         (6)   If a request is granted, the party who made the request must immediately give written notice to the other parties.

5.07        Attendance of party or witness in prison

         (1)   A party who is in prison must attend at a hearing by electronic communication.

         (2)   A party who intends to adduce evidence from a witness in prison must:

                (a)    arrange for the witness to attend and give evidence at the hearing by electronic communication; and

               (b)    advise the court and the other parties about that arrangement at least 2 days before the date fixed for the hearing.

         (3)   A party may seek permission from the court for a party or witness who is in prison to attend the hearing in person.

Example

A party may apply for an order under subrule (3) if a prison or court has no facilities for the hearing to proceed by electronic communication.

         (4)   A request under subrule (3) must:

                (a)    be in writing;

               (b)    be made at least 7 days before the date fixed for the hearing;

                (c)    set out the reasons why permission should be granted; and

               (d)    inform the court whether the other party objects to the request.

         (5)   Subrules 5.06 (3) and (6) apply to a request under this rule.


 

Part 5.2              Hearing — interim and procedural applications

  

5.08        Interim orders — matters to be considered

                When considering whether to make an interim order, the court may take into account:

                (a)    in a parenting case — the best interests of the child (see section 68F of the Act);

               (b)    whether there are reasonable grounds for making the order;

                (c)    whether, for reasons of hardship, family violence, prejudice to the parties or the children, the order is necessary;

               (d)    the main purpose of these Rules (see rule 1.04); and

                (e)    whether the parties would benefit from participating in one of the primary dispute resolution methods.

5.09        Admissibility of affidavit

         (1)   The following affidavits may be relied on as evidence in chief at the hearing of an interim or procedural application:

                (a)    subject to rule 9.07, one affidavit by each party;

               (b)    one affidavit by each witness, provided the evidence is relevant and cannot be given by a party.

         (2)   If an application is for a parenting order, the affidavit mentioned in paragraph (1) (a) must be in the form approved by the Principal Registrar.

Note 1   Subrule 15.06 (1) provides that an affidavit may be relied on at a hearing or trial only if it was filed and served in accordance with these Rules or an order.

Note 2   Section 75 of the Evidence Act 1995 provides that ‘In an interlocutory proceeding, the hearsay rule does not apply to evidence if the party who adduces it also adduces evidence of its source’. However, subject to sections 4 and 5 of the Evidence Act 1995, that Act does not apply to the Family Court of Western Australia or any other court of a State.

Note 3   Rule 15.21 provides that a party must not, without the court’s permission, request the issue of more than 3 subpoenas for the hearing of an Application in a Case (Form 2). However, a child representative may request the issue of more than 3 subpoenas (see subrule 15.21 (2)).

5.10        Hearing time of interim or procedural application

         (1)   The hearing of an interim or procedural application must be no longer than 2 hours.

         (2)   Cross-examination will be allowed at a hearing only in exceptional circumstances.

5.11        Party’s failure to attend

         (1)   If a party does not attend when a hearing starts, the other party may seek the orders sought in that party’s application, including (if necessary) adducing evidence to establish an entitlement to the orders sought against the party not attending.

         (2)   If no party attends the hearing, the court may dismiss the Application in a Case (Form 2) and the Response to an Application in a Case (Form 2A), if any.

Note   A reference to application includes a reference to cross-application (see the dictionary).


 

Part 5.3              Application without notice

  

5.12        Application without notice

                An applicant seeking that an interim order, enforcement order or procedural order be made without notice to the respondent must:

                (a)    satisfy the court about why:

                          (i)    shortening the time for service of the application and the fixing of an early date for hearing after service would not be more appropriate; and

                         (ii)    an order should be made without notice to the other party; and

               (b)    in an affidavit or orally, with the court’s permission, make full and frank disclosure of all the facts relevant to the application, including:

                          (i)    whether there is a history or allegation of child abuse or family violence between the parties;

                         (ii)    whether there has been a previous case between the parties and, if so, the nature of the case;

                        (iii)    the particulars of any orders currently in force between the parties;

                        (iv)    whether there has been a breach of a previous order by either party to the case;

                         (v)    whether the respondent or the respondent’s lawyer has been told of the intention to make the application;

                        (vi)    whether there is likely to be any hardship, danger or prejudice to the respondent, a child or a third party if the order is made;

                       (vii)    the capacity of the applicant to give an undertaking as to damages;

                      (viii)    the nature of the damage or harm that may result if the order is not made;

                        (ix)    why the order must be urgently made; and

                         (x)    the last known address or address for service of the other party.

Note   The applicant must file any existing family violence order when filing the application (see rule 2.05).

5.13        Necessary procedural orders

                If the court makes an order on application without notice, the order must be expressed to operate:

                (a)    until a time specified in the order; or

               (b)    if the hearing of the application is adjourned — until the date of the hearing.


 

Part 5.4              Hearing on papers in absence of parties

  

5.14        Request for hearing in absence of parties

                A party applying for an interim order, enforcement order or procedural order may, in the application, ask the court to determine the application in the absence of the parties.

Note   This Part also applies to an Application in an Appeal (see rule 22.45).

5.15        Objection to hearing in absence of parties

                If a respondent objects to an application being determined by the court in the absence of the parties:

                (a)    the respondent must notify the court and the other party, in writing, of the objection at least 7 days before the date fixed for the hearing; and

               (b)    the parties must attend on the first court date for the application.

Note   A notice under this rule must comply with rule 24.01.

5.16        Court decision to not proceed in absence of parties

                Despite parties consenting to a hearing being held in their absence, the court may postpone or adjourn the application and direct the Registry Manager:

                (a)    to fix a new date for hearing the application; and

               (b)    to notify the parties that they are required to attend court for the hearing.

5.17        Procedure in hearing in absence of parties

         (1)   If the application is to be determined in the absence of the parties, each party must file, at least 2 days before the date fixed for hearing the application:

                (a)    a list of documents to be read by the court; and

               (b)    a supporting submission.

         (2)   A supporting submission must:

                (a)    state the reasons why the orders sought by that party should be made;

               (b)    refer to any material in a document filed with the application by the page number of the document, and should not repeat the text of that material;

                (c)    not be more than 5 pages;

               (d)    have all paragraphs consecutively numbered;

                (e)    be signed by the party or the lawyer who prepared the submission; and

                (f)    include the signatory’s name, telephone number, facsimile number (if any) and e-mail address (if any) at which the signatory can be contacted.


 

Part 5.5              Postponement of interim hearing

  

5.18        Administrative postponement of interim hearing

         (1)   If the parties agree that the hearing of an interim application should not proceed on the date fixed for the hearing, the parties may request the Registry Manager to postpone it.

         (2)   A request must:

                (a)    be in writing;

               (b)    specify why it is appropriate to postpone the hearing;

                (c)    specify the date to which the hearing is sought to be postponed;

               (d)    be signed by each party or the party’s lawyer; and

                (e)    be received by the Registry Manager no later than 12 noon on the day before the date fixed for the hearing.

         (3)   If a request is made, the Registry Manager must tell the parties:

                (a)    that the event has been postponed; and

               (b)    the date to which it has been postponed.


 

Chapter 6    Parties

Summary of Chapter 6

Chapter 6 sets out who are the necessary parties to a case and how a person becomes, or ceases to be, a party or a case guardian.

The rules in Chapter 1 relating to the court’s general powers apply in all cases and override all other provisions in these Rules.

A word or expression used in this Chapter may be defined in the dictionary at the end of these Rules.

Part 6.1              General

  

6.01        Parties

                A party includes the following:

                (a)    an applicant in a case;

               (b)    an appellant in an appeal;

                (c)    a respondent to an application or appeal;

               (d)    an intervener in a case.

Note   A child representative is not a party to a case but must be treated as a party (see rule 8.02).

6.02        Necessary parties

         (1)   A person whose rights may be directly affected by an issue in a case, and whose participation as a party is necessary for the court to determine all issues in dispute in the case, must be included as a party to the case.

         (2)   If an application is made for a parenting order, the following must be parties to the case:

                (a)    the parents of the child;

               (b)    any other person in whose favour a parenting order has been made in relation to the child;

                (c)    any other person with whom the child lives and who is responsible for the care, welfare and development of the child;

               (d)    if a State child order is currently in place in relation to the child — the prescribed child welfare authority.

         (3)   If a person mentioned in subrule (2) is not an applicant in a case involving the child, that person must be joined as a respondent to the application.

Note   The court may dispense with compliance with a rule (see rule 1.12).


 

Part 6.2              Adding and removing a party

  

6.03        Adding a party

         (1)   A party may include another person as a respondent by naming the person in the application.

         (2)   A party may add another party after a case has started by:

                (a)    amending the application or response, as the case may be, to add the name of the person; and

               (b)    by serving on the new party a copy of the application or response, and any other relevant document filed in the case.

Note 1   For amendment of an application, see Division 11.2.2.

Note 2   If a Form is amended after the first court date, the Registry Manager will set a date for a further procedural hearing (see subrule 11.10 (3)).

Note 3   A reference to application includes a reference to cross-application (see the dictionary).

6.04        Removing a party

                A party may apply to be removed as a party to a case.

Note   Rule 5.01 sets out the procedure for making an Application in a Case (Form 2).

6.05        Intervention by a person seeking to become a party

                If a person who is not a party to a case (other than a person to whom rule 6.06 applies) seeks to intervene in the case to become a party, the person must file:

                (a)    a Form 2; and

               (b)    an affidavit:

                          (i)    setting out the facts relied on to support the application, including a statement of the person’s relationship (if any) to the parties; and

                         (ii)    attaching a schedule setting out any orders that the person seeks if the court grants permission to intervene.

Note   Part IX of the Act deals with intervention in a case. Once a person has, by order or under rule 6.06, intervened in a case, the person becomes a party with all the rights and obligations of a party (see subsections 91 (2) and 91A (4), paragraph 91B (2) (b) and subsections 92 (3) and 92A (3) of the Act).

6.06        Intervention by a person entitled to intervene

         (1)   This rule applies if the Attorney-General, or any other person who is entitled under the Act to do so without the court’s permission, intervenes in a case.

         (2)   The person intervening must file:

                (a)    a Notice of Intervention by Person Entitled to Intervene (Form 5); and

               (b)    an affidavit:

                          (i)    stating the facts relied on in support of the intervention; and

                         (ii)    attaching a schedule setting out the orders sought.

Note   For example, section 91 of the Act and section 78A of the Judiciary Act 1903 authorise the Attorney-General to intervene in a case, section 92A of the Act authorises the people mentioned in subsection 92A (2) to intervene in a case without the court’s permission, and section 145 of the Assessment Act authorises the Child Support Registrar to intervene in a case.

         (3)   On the filing of a Form 5, the Registry Manager must fix a date for a procedural hearing.

6.07        Notice of constitutional matter

         (1)   If a party is, or becomes, aware that a case involves a matter that:

                (a)    is within the meaning of section 78B of the Judiciary Act 1903, arises under the Constitution or involves its interpretation; and

               (b)    is a genuine issue in the case;

the party must give written notice of the matter to the Attorneys-General of the Commonwealth, and each State and Territory, and to each other party to the case.

         (2)   The notice must state:

                (a)    the nature of the matter;

               (b)    the issues in the case;

                (c)    the constitutional issue to be raised; and

               (d)    the facts relied on to show that section 78B of the Judiciary Act 1903 applies.

Note   Section 78B of the Judiciary Act 1903 provides that once a court becomes aware that a case involves a matter referred to in that section, it is the court’s duty not to proceed to determine the case unless and until it is satisfied that notice of the case has been given to the Attorneys‑General of the Commonwealth and of the States and Territories.


 

Part 6.3              Case guardian

  

6.08        Conducting a case by case guardian

         (1)   A child or a person with a disability may start, continue, respond to, or seek to intervene in, a case only by a case guardian.

         (2)   Subrule (1) does not apply if the court is satisfied that a child understands the nature and possible consequences of the case and is capable of conducting the case.

Note 1   For service on a person with a disability, see rule 7.09.

Note 2   If a case is started by a child or person with a disability without a case guardian, the court may appoint a case guardian to continue the case.

6.09        Who may be a case guardian

                A person may be a case guardian if the person:

                (a)    is an adult;

               (b)    has no interest in the case that is adverse to the interest of the person needing the case guardian;

                (c)    can fairly and competently conduct the case for the person needing the case guardian; and

               (d)    has consented to act as the case guardian.

6.10        Appointment, replacement or removal of case guardian

                A person may apply for the appointment, replacement or removal of a person as the case guardian of a party.

Note 1   Chapter 5 sets out the procedure for making an Application in a Case (Form 2).

Note 2   An application in relation to a case guardian may be made by a party or a person seeking to be made the case guardian or by a person authorised to be a case guardian.

6.11        Attorney-General may appoint case guardian

         (1)   The Attorney-General may appoint, in writing, a person to be an authorised person for this rule, either generally or for a particular person.

         (2)   An authorised person is taken to be appointed as the case guardian of a person with a disability if the authorised person files:

                (a)    a consent to act in relation to the person;

               (b)    a copy of the notice of appointment of the person as an authorised person; and

                (c)    a Notice of Address for Service (Form 8).

Note   A consent to act must comply with subrule 24.01 (1).

6.12        Notice of becoming case guardian

                A person appointed as a case guardian of a party must give written notice of the appointment to each other party and any child representative in the case.

Note   The case guardian may also need to file a Notice of Address for Service (Form 8) (see rules 8.05 and 8.06).

6.13        Conduct of case by case guardian

         (1)   A person appointed as the case guardian of a party:

                (a)    is bound by these Rules;

               (b)    must do anything required by these Rules to be done by the party;

                (c)    may, for the benefit of the party, do anything permitted by these Rules to be done by the party; and

               (d)    if seeking a consent order (other than an order relating to practice or procedure), must file an affidavit setting out the facts relied on to satisfy the court that the order is in the party’s best interests.

         (2)   The duty of disclosure applies to a case guardian for a child and a person with a disability.

Note 1   The court may order a case guardian to pay costs.

Note 2   Rule 13.01 sets out the elements of the duty of disclosure.

6.14        Costs of case guardian

                The court may order the costs of a case guardian to be paid:

                (a)    by a party; or

               (b)    from the income or property of the person for whom the case guardian is appointed.


 

Part 6.4              Progress of case after death or bankruptcy

  

6.15        Death of party

         (1)   This rule applies to a property case or an application for the enforcement of a financial obligation.

         (2)   If a party dies, the other party or the legal personal representative must ask the court for procedural orders in relation to the future conduct of the case.

         (3)   The court may order that a person be substituted for the deceased person as a party.

Note 1   The court may make other procedural orders, including that a person has permission to intervene in the case (see rules 1.12 and 6.05).

Note 2   For the effect of the death of a party in certain cases, see subsections 79 (1A), 79 (8), 79A (1C) and 105 (3) of the Act.

6.16        Bankruptcy of party

         (1)   If a party to a property case or an application for the enforcement of a financial obligation is, or becomes bankrupt, the party must:

                (a)    notify the other party, in writing, of the bankruptcy; and

               (b)    serve a copy of the application, response, and any relevant documents, on the trustee of the bankrupt party’s estate.

         (2)   A party may apply for procedural orders for the future conduct of the case.

Note   Under section 35A of the Bankruptcy Act 1966, if a case is pending in the Federal Court, the Federal Court may, on the application of a party to the case or on its own initiative, transfer the case to the Family Court.


 

Chapter 7    Service

Summary of Chapter 7

Chapter 7 sets out the rules for serving documents and proving service.

When a court determines a case, the judicial officer must be satisfied that all the documents filed that are to be relied on in the case have been served or otherwise brought to the attention of the other parties to the case.

The rules in Chapter 1 relating to the court’s general powers apply in all cases and override all other provisions in these Rules.

A word or expression used in this Chapter may be defined in the dictionary at the end of these Rules.

Part 7.1              General

  

7.01        Service

                Service of a document may be carried out by special service (see Part 7.2) or ordinary service (see Part 7.3) unless otherwise required by a legislative provision.

Note   Certain applications must have other documents served with them. For example, an Application for Final Orders (Form 1), when served, must be accompanied by the brochure mentioned in subrule 2.03 (3); when a subpoena is served, the witness must be paid conduct money.

7.02        Court’s discretion regarding service

         (1)   A court may find that a document has been served or that it has been served on a particular date, even though these Rules or an order have not been complied with in relation to service.

Note   Rule 7.17 also sets out when a document is taken to have been served.

         (2)   The court may order a party, or a person applying to intervene in a case under rule 6.05, to serve a document or give written notice of a matter or case to a person specified in the order.

7.03        Service of documents

                A person must serve a document in the manner set out in Table 7.1.

Table 7.1   Service of documents

 

Item

Document

Form of service

1

Application for Final Orders (Form 1)

Special service

2

Application in a Case (Form 2) filed at the same time as a Form 1

Special service

3

Form 2 fixing an enforcement hearing

Special service

4

Application for Divorce (Form 3)

Special service

5

Subpoena (Form 14)

Special service by hand

6

Application — Contravention (Form 18)

Special service by hand

7

Application — Contempt (Form 19)

Special service by hand

8

Document mentioned in item 3, 4, 5 or 6 of Table 2.2 in rule 2.02 that must be filed with a Form mentioned in this Table

The form of service set out in this Table for that Form

9

Brochure required by these Rules to be served with a Form mentioned in this Table (see rules 2.03 and 4.13 and subrules 4.23 (2), 15.28 (1) and 20.11 (3))

The form of service set out in this Table for that Form

10

Order made on application without notice (see rule 5.12)

Special service

11

Offer to settle (see subrule 10.01 (1)) and Withdrawal of offer to settle (see rule 10.03)

Special service

12

Document that is not required to be served by special service. For example:

     ·  a Form 2 (other than a Form 2 mentioned in item 2 or 3) and any document filed with it

     ·  a document filed after a case is started

     ·  a notice required to be given under these Rules

Ordinary service

7.04        Service of filed documents

         (1)   A document that is filed must be served on each person to be served:

                (a)    as soon as possible after the date of filing and within 12 months after that date; or

               (b)    if a provision elsewhere in these Rules specifies a time for service — within the specified time.

Note   If a document is not served within the time required, service after that time is ineffective unless the court otherwise orders (see rules 1.12, 7.02 and 11.02).

         (2)   Despite subrule (1) and rule 7.03, the following documents do not have to be served on any other party:

                (a)    a joint application;

               (b)    an application without notice;

                (c)    a copy of a marriage or birth certificate, order or decree filed under rule 2.02;

               (d)    an Affidavit of Service (Form 7);

                (e)    a document signed by all parties;

                (f)    an affidavit seeking the issue, without notice, of an Enforcement Warrant under rule 20.16 or a Third Party Debt Notice under rule 20.32.

Note   A draft consent order signed by all parties does not have to be served on the other parties to the application. However, if an order is sought affecting a superannuation interest, it must be served on the trustee of the superannuation fund in which that interest is held (see rule 10.16).

         (3)   If a document or notice is served on or given to a party under these Rules, a copy of the document or notice must also be served on or given to any child representative.

         (4)   For subrule (1):

each person to be served, for a case, includes:

                (a)    all parties to the case;

               (b)    any child representative; and

                (c)    any other person specifically required by a legislative provision or order to be served in the case.


 

Part 7.2              Special service

Note   Special service of a document may be performed by delivering the document:

·   to the person to be served by hand (see rule 7.06) or by post or electronic communication (see rule 7.07); or

·   if a lawyer representing the person undertakes, in writing, to accept service of the document, by delivering it to the person’s lawyer (see rule 7.08).

  

7.05        Special service

                A document that must be served by special service must be personally received by the person served.

Note   For proof of service, see Part 7.4.

7.06        Special service by hand

         (1)   A document to be served by hand must be given to the person to be served (the receiver).

         (2)   If the receiver refuses to take the document, service occurs if the person serving the document:

                (a)    places it down in the presence of the receiver; and

               (b)    tells the receiver what it is.

         (3)   A party must not serve another party by hand but may be present when service by hand occurs.

7.07        Special service by post or electronic communication

         (1)   A document may be served on a person by sending a copy of it to the person’s last known address:

                (a)    if in Australia — by post; or

               (b)    if outside Australia — by airmail, unless a legislative provision provides otherwise.

         (2)   A document may be served on a person by sending it to the person by electronic communication.

         (3)   A person serving a document by post or electronic communication must include with the document:

                (a)    an Acknowledgement of Service (Form 6) for the person served to sign; and

               (b)    for service by post within Australia — a stamped self‑addressed envelope.

Note   Subrule 24.07 (3) does not apply to a Form 6. If an applicant wants to prove service by electronic communication (other than by facsimile), the applicant must still produce a signed Form 6. This means that the person served will need to print out and sign a hard copy of the Form 6 and arrange for the signed copy to be returned to the applicant in a form in which the applicant is able to identify the signature on the signed copy as that of the person served (see note to rule 7.14).

7.08        Special service through a lawyer

                A document is taken to be served by special service on a person if:

                (a)    a lawyer representing the person agrees, in writing, to accept service of the document for the person; and

               (b)    the document is served on the lawyer in accordance with rule 7.06 or 7.07.

7.09        Special service on person with a disability

         (1)   A document that is required to be served by special service on a person with a disability, must be served:

                (a)    on the person’s case guardian;

               (b)    on the person’s guardian appointed under a State or Territory law; or

                (c)    if there is no one under paragraph (a) or (b) — on an adult who has the care of the person.

         (2)   For paragraph (1) (c), the person in charge of a hospital, nursing home or other care facility is taken to have the care of a person who is a patient in the hospital, nursing home or facility.

Note   If a person with a disability wants to start, continue or respond to, or seek to intervene in, a case, the person may do so through a case guardian (see rule 6.08).

7.10        Special service on a prisoner

         (1)   A document that is required to be served by special service on a prisoner must be served by special service on the person in charge of the prison.

         (2)   At the time of service of an Application, Subpoena (Form 14) or Notice of Appeal (Form 20) on a prisoner, the prisoner must be informed, in writing, about the requirement to attend by electronic communication under rule 5.07, subrule 12.12 (4) or rule 22.40 (whichever is applicable).

7.11        Special service on a corporation

                A document that is required to be served by special service on a corporation must be served in accordance with section 109X of the Corporations Act 2001.

Note   A subpoena must be served on the proper officer or other person entitled to accept service of a subpoena for a corporation (see subrule 15.17 (3)).


 

Part 7.3              Ordinary service

  

7.12        Ordinary service

                If special service of a document is not required, the document may be served on a person:

                (a)    by any method of special service;

               (b)    if the person has given an address for service:

                          (i)    by delivering it to the address in a sealed envelope addressed to the person;

                         (ii)    by sending it to the address by post in a sealed envelope addressed to the person; or

                        (iii)    by sending it to the facsimile or e-mail address stated in the address for service by electronic communication addressed to the person (see rule 7.16);

                (c)    if the person has not given an address for service:

                          (i)    by handing it to the person;

                         (ii)    by delivering it to the person’s last known address or place of business in a sealed envelope addressed to the person; or

                        (iii)    by sending it by post in a sealed envelope addressed to the person at the person’s last known address or place of business;

               (d)    if a lawyer representing the person agrees, in writing, to accept service of the document, by sending it to the lawyer; or

                (e)    if the person’s address for service includes the number of a lawyer’s document exchange box, by delivering it in a sealed envelope, addressed to the lawyer at that box address, to:

                          (i)    that box; or

                         (ii)    a box provided at another branch of the document exchange for delivery of documents to the box address.


 

Part 7.4              Proof of service

  

7.13        Proof of service

                Service of an application is proved:

                (a)    by filing an Affidavit of Service (Form 7);

               (b)    by the respondent filing a Notice of Address for Service (Form 8) or a Response; or

                (c)    if service was carried out by giving the document to a lawyer — by filing an Acknowledgement of Service (Form 6) that has been signed by the lawyer.

7.14        Proof of special service

         (1)   This rule applies if a document is required to be served by special service and the applicant seeks to prove service by way of affidavit.

         (2)   If service was by post or electronic communication, service is proved by:

                (a)    attaching to a Form 7, a Form 6 signed by the respondent; and

               (b)    evidence identifying the signature on the Form 6 as the respondent’s signature.

Note   If a person serving a document seeks to prove service under this rule, an Acknowledgment of Service (Form 6) must be signed by the person served with the document. However, if the Form 7 with the Form 6 is filed by electronic communication, subrule 24.07 (4) applies to the original affidavit and the signed acknowledgment.

7.15        Evidence of identity

         (1)   A statement by a person of the person’s identity, office or position is evidence of the identity, the holding of the office or position.

         (2)   Another person may give evidence about the identity, office or position of a person served.

Example

A person may give evidence about the identity of another person by identifying:

(a)   the signature of the person served on the Acknowledgment of Service (Form 6);

(b)   the person served from a photograph; or

(c)   the person when accompanying the process server.


 

Part 7.5              Other matters about service

  

7.16        Service by electronic communication

         (1)   Service of a document may be carried out by facsimile only if the total number of pages (including the cover page) to be transmitted:

                (a)    is not more than 25; or

               (b)    if the person on whom the document is to be served has first agreed to receiving more than 25 pages — is not more than the number of pages agreed to be transmitted.

         (2)   A document served by electronic communication must include a cover page stating:

                (a)    the sender’s name and address;

               (b)    the name of the person to be served;

                (c)    the date and time of transmission;

               (d)    the total number of pages, including the cover page, transmitted;

                (e)    that the transmission is for service of court documents;

                (f)    the name and telephone number of a person to contact if there is a problem with transmission; and

               (g)    a return electronic address.

7.17        When service is taken to have been carried out

                A document is taken to have been served:

                (a)    on the date when service is acknowledged;

               (b)    if served by post to an address in Australia — on the third day after it was posted;

                (c)    if served by airmail to an address outside Australia — on the fourteenth day after it was posted;

               (d)    if served by electronic communication — on the day when it was sent;

                (e)    if served by delivery to a document exchange — on the next working day after the day when it was delivered; or

                (f)    on a date fixed by the court.

7.18        Service with conditions or dispensing with service

         (1)   A party who is unable to serve a document may apply, without notice, for an order:

                (a)    to serve the document in another way; or

               (b)    to dispense with service of the document, with or without conditions.

         (2)   The factors the court may have regard to when considering an application under subrule (1) include:

                (a)    the proposed method of bringing the document to the attention of the person to be served;

               (b)    whether all reasonable steps have been taken to serve the document or bring it to the notice of the person to be served;

                (c)    whether the person to be served could reasonably become aware of the existence and nature of the document by advertisement or another form of communication that is reasonably available;

               (d)    the likely cost of service; and

                (e)    the nature of the case.

         (3)   If the court orders that service of a document is:

                (a)    dispensed with unconditionally; or

               (b)    dispensed with on a condition that is complied with;

the document is taken to have been served.

Note   An application under this rule is made by filing a Form 2 and an affidavit (see rules 5.01 and 5.02).


 

Part 7.6              Service in non-convention country

  

7.19        Service in non-convention country

         (1)   A person seeking to serve a document on a person in a non‑convention country must:

                (a)    request the Registry Manager, in writing, to arrange service of the document under this Part; and

               (b)    lodge 2 copies of each document to be served, translated, if necessary, into an official language of that country.

         (2)   If the Registry Manager receives a request under subrule (1), the Registry Manager must:

                (a)    seal the documents to be served; and

               (b)    send to the Secretary of the Attorney-General’s Department:

                          (i)    the sealed documents; and

                         (ii)    a written request that the documents be sent to the government of the non-convention country for service.

Note   Regulation 12 of the Regulations deals with service of documents in convention countries.

7.20        Proof of service in non-convention country

         (1)   This rule applies if:

                (a)    a document is sent to the Secretary of the Attorney-General’s Department for service on a person in a non‑convention country; and

               (b)    an official certificate or declaration by the government or court of the country, stating that the document has been personally served, or served in another way under the law of the country, is sent to the court.

         (2)   The certificate or declaration is proof of service of the document and, when filed, is a record of the service and has effect as if it were an affidavit of service.

Note   If service cannot be carried out under this rule, the applicant may apply for an order dispensing with service (see rule 7.18).


 

Chapter 8    Right to be heard and address for service

Summary of Chapter 8

Chapter 8 sets out rules about:

·   the people who may be heard by the court and the requirements for their address for service;

·   the appointment of a child representative; and

·   lawyer’s conflict of interest and ceasing to act.

The rules in Chapter 1 relating to the court’s general powers apply in all cases and override all other provisions in these Rules.

A word or expression used in this Chapter may be defined in the dictionary at the end of these Rules.

Part 8.1              Right to be heard and representation

  

8.01        Right to be heard and representation

         (1)   A person (other than a corporation or authority) who is entitled to be heard in a case may conduct the case on the person’s own behalf or be represented by a lawyer.

         (2)   A corporation or authority that is entitled to be heard in a case may be represented by a lawyer, or an officer of the corporation or authority.

Note 1   For the right of a lawyer to appear in a court exercising jurisdiction under the Act, see Part VIIIA of the Judiciary Act 1903.

Note 2   A party may apply to appear at a hearing or trial by electronic communication (see rules 5.06 and 16.08).

Note 3   A party is not entitled to be represented by a person who is not a lawyer unless the court otherwise orders. The court will give permission for representation by a person other than a lawyer only in special circumstances.

8.02        Child representative

         (1)   A party may apply for the appointment or removal of a child representative by filing an Application in a Case (Form 2).

Note   A party may ask for a procedural order orally (see paragraph (h) of item 3 of Table 11.1 in rule 11.01).

         (2)   If the court makes an order for the appointment of a child representative:

                (a)    it may request that the representation be arranged by a legal aid body that is a relevant authority within the meaning of subsection 116C (5) of the Act; and

               (b)    it may order that the costs of the child representative be met by a party.

Note   Section 68L of the Act provides for the separate representation of children.

         (3)   A person appointed as a child representative:

                (a)    must be aware of and have the guidelines for child representatives published by the court;

               (b)    must file a Notice of Address for Service (Form 8);

                (c)    must comply with these Rules and do anything required to be done by a party; and

               (d)    may do anything permitted by these Rules to be done by a party.

         (4)   If a child representative is appointed, the parties must conduct the case as if the child representative were a party.

         (5)   The appointment of a child representative ceases:

                (a)    when the Application for Final Orders (Form 1) is determined or withdrawn; or

               (b)    if there is an appeal — when the appeal is determined or withdrawn.

Note 1   If a document or notice is served on or given to a party under these Rules, the document or notice must also be served on or given to any child representative (see subrule 7.04 (4)).

Note 2   This rule applies unless the court orders otherwise (see rule 1.12).

8.03        Lawyer — conflicting interests

                A lawyer acting for a party in a case must not act in the case for any other party who has a conflicting interest.

Note   This rule does not purport to set out all the situations in which a lawyer may not act for a party.

8.04        Lawyer — ceasing to act

         (1)   A lawyer may cease to act for a party:

                (a)    by serving on the party a Notice of Ceasing to Act (Form 9) and, no sooner than 7 days after serving the notice, filing a copy of the notice; or

               (b)    with the court’s permission.

         (2)   If:

                (a)    a party’s address for service is the party’s lawyer’s address; and

               (b)    the lawyer ceases to act for the party;

the party’s last known residential address is the address for service until the party files a Form 8.


 

Part 8.2              Address for service

  

8.05        Address for service

         (1)   A party must give an address for service if:

                (a)    the party files or responds to an application; or

               (b)    the party seeks to be heard by the court.

         (2)   A party must give only one address for service for each application filed.

         (3)   A party may give an address for service:

                (a)    in the first document filed by the party; or

               (b)    by filing a Notice of Address for Service (Form 8).

         (4)   An address for service:

                (a)    must be an address in Australia where documents may be left or received by post; and

               (b)    may include a facsimile number and an address for service by electronic communication.

         (5)   A party may include an address for service by electronic communication only if documents sent to or from that address can be read by the computer software of each party and the court.

Note   If an address for service includes a facsimile number or an address for service by electronic communication, documents served on the person by that method are taken by the court to be served on the person on the day when the documents were transmitted to that address (see paragraph 7.17 (d)).

8.06        Change of address for service

                If a party’s address for service changes during a case, the party must file a Form 8 within 7 days after the change.

Note 1   A new address for service will be needed if a party:

(a)   acts in person and changes address;

(b)   initially acts in person and later appoints a lawyer;

(c)   initially appoints a lawyer and later acts in person; or

(d)   changes lawyers during the case.

Note 2   Until a Form 8 is filed and served, the previous address remains on the court record as the address for service and all documents will be served at that address unless subrule 8.04 (2) applies.


 

Chapter 9    Response and reply

Summary of Chapter 9

Chapter 9 sets out the procedure for:

·   responding to a Form 1 (known as a Response (Form 1A));

·   responding to a Form 2 (known as a Response (Form 2A)); and

·   replying to a Form 1A seeking orders in a cause of action other than one mentioned in the application (known as a Reply (Form 1B)).

Note   A Form 3A is used to respond to a Form 3 (see rule 3.04).

The rules in Chapter 1 relating to the court’s general powers apply in all cases and override all other provisions in these Rules.

A word or expression used in this Chapter may be defined in the dictionary at the end of these Rules.

Part 9.1              Response to Form 1

  

9.01        Response to Form 1 (Form 1A)

         (1)   A respondent to an Application for Final Orders (Form 1) who seeks to oppose the orders sought in the application or seeks different orders must file a Response to an Application for Final Orders (Form 1A).

         (2)   A Form 1A must state:

                (a)    the facts in the application with which the respondent disagrees;

               (b)    what the respondent believes the facts to be; and

                (c)    the orders the respondent wants the court to make.

         (3)   In addition to the matters in subrule (2), a Form 1A may:

                (a)    consent to an order sought by the applicant;

               (b)    ask that the application be dismissed; or

                (c)    ask for orders in another cause of action.

         (4)   A Form 1A must not include a request for any of the following orders:

                (a)    a divorce order;

               (b)    an order that a marriage be annulled;

                (c)    a declaration as to validity of a marriage, divorce or annulment;

               (d)    an order under Division 4.2.3 authorising a medical procedure.

Note   If:

(a)   a Form 1A includes a request for orders in another cause of action; and

(b)   documents would be required to be filed under rule 2.02 to support that cause of action;

the respondent must file with the Form 1A the document required under rule 2.02 to be filed for that cause of action.

9.02        Filing an affidavit with Form 1A

                A respondent must not file an affidavit with a Form 1A unless required to do so by item 5 or 6 of Table 2.2 in rule 2.02.

Note   A Form 1A may be filed to respond to a special application mentioned in Part 4.2, including an Application relying on a Cross-vesting Law, a Medical Procedure Application, a Child Support Application or Appeal, an Application for an Order that a Marriage is a Nullity, an Application for a Declaration as to the Validity of a Marriage, Divorce or Annulment of Marriage, and an application relating to a passport.

9.03        Response objecting to jurisdiction

         (1)   A respondent seeking to object to the jurisdiction of the court:

                (a)    must file a Form 1A; and

               (b)    is not taken to have submitted to the jurisdiction of the court by seeking other orders in the Form 1A.

         (2)   The objection to the jurisdiction must be determined before any other orders sought in the Form 1A.


 

Part 9.2              Reply to Form 1A

  

9.04        Reply to Form 1A (Form 1B)

                An applicant must file a Reply (Form 1B) if:

                (a)    in the Response to an Application for Final Orders (Form 1A), the respondent seeks orders in a cause of action other than a cause of action mentioned in the application; and

               (b)    the applicant seeks:

                          (i)    to oppose the orders sought in the Form 1A; or

                         (ii)    different orders in the cause of action mentioned in the Form 1A.


 

Part 9.3              Response to Form 2

  

9.05        Response to Form 2 (Form 2A)

                A respondent to an Application in a Case (Form 2) who seeks to oppose the Application or seeks different orders must file a Response to an Application in a Case (Form 2A).

9.06        Affidavit to be filed with Form 2A

         (1)   A respondent who files a Form 2A must, at the same time, file an affidavit stating the facts relied on in support of the Form 2A.

         (2)   Subrule (1) does not apply to a Form 2A filed in response to an application to review an order of a Judicial Registrar or Registrar.

9.07        Affidavit in reply to Form 2A

                If:

                (a)    a respondent files a Form 2A seeking orders in a cause of action other than a cause of action mentioned in the Form 2; and

               (b)    the applicant opposes the orders sought in the Form 2A;

the applicant may file an affidavit setting out the facts relied on.


 

Part 9.4              Filing and service

  

9.08        Time for filing and service of response or reply

         (1)   A party may respond to an application by filing and serving a Response (Form 1A) (and any affidavit filed with it) at least 7 days before the date fixed for the case assessment conference, procedural hearing or hearing to which the response relates.

         (2)   If a party wishes to file a Reply (Form 1B), the party must file and serve the reply as soon as possible after the response is received.

         (3)   All affidavits in a case started by an Application in a Case (Form 2) or a Response to an Application in a Case (Form 2A) must be filed at least 2 days before the date fixed for the hearing.

Note   The affidavits to which subrule (3) applies include those affidavits that must be filed with the application or response and any affidavit by the applicant responding to the orders sought in a new cause of action in a Form 2A.


 

Chapter 10  Ending a case without a trial

Summary of Chapter 10

Chapter 10 sets out how a party may resolve a case without a trial and the procedure to end a case, if agreement is reached.

The rules in Chapter 1 relating to the court’s general powers apply in all cases and override all other provisions in these Rules.

A word or expression used in this Chapter may be defined in the dictionary at the end of these Rules.

Part 10.1            Offers to settle

Note   Each party is encouraged at all times to make an offer to settle to the other party in an effort to resolve a case. This Part sets out the rules that apply to offers to settle in the Family Court. Part 10.1 contains two Divisions.

Division 10.1.1 applies to all offers to settle and provides for:

(a)      how an offer is made;

(b)      the form an offer is to take;

(c)      how an offer is accepted or withdrawn;

(d)      the timing of acceptance or withdrawal; and

(e)      what to do when an offer is accepted and a case is resolved.

Division 10.1.2 applies only to offers to settle in property cases in which an offer to settle must be made after a conciliation conference.

Division 10.1.1      General

10.01      How to make an offer

         (1)   A party may make an offer to another party to settle all or part of a case by serving on the other party an Offer to Settle (Form 60) at any time before the court makes an order disposing of the case.

Note   See also paragraph 117 (2A) (f) and section 117C of the Act in relation to offers to settle.

         (2)   A party may make an offer to settle all or part of an appeal by serving on the other party an Offer to Settle (Form 60) at any time before the court makes an order disposing of the appeal.

         (3)   An offer to settle:

                (a)    if made under subrule (1), lapses when the court makes an order disposing of the application; or

               (b)    if made under subrule (2), lapses when the court makes an order disposing of the appeal.

         (4)   A party may make more than one offer to settle.

Note   A later offer to settle has the effect of withdrawing an earlier offer (see subrule 10.03 (3)).

10.02      Open and ‘without prejudice’ offer

         (1)   An offer to settle is made without prejudice (a without prejudice offer) unless the offer states that it is an open offer.

         (2)   A party must not mention the fact that a without prejudice offer has been made, or the terms of the offer:

                (a)    in any document filed; or

               (b)    at a hearing or trial.

         (3)   If a party makes an open offer, any party may disclose the facts and terms of the offer to other parties and the court.

         (4)   Subrule (2) does not apply to:

                (a)    prevent the filing of an Offer to Settle (Form 60), a notice withdrawing an offer or an acceptance of an offer;

               (b)    the inclusion of a reference to a without prejudice offer in a document:

                          (i)    mentioned in paragraph (a); or

                         (ii)    filed with an application relating to an offer or an application for costs.

Note   Subrule (2) does not apply to an application to extend the time in which to make an offer under Division 10.1.2.

10.03      How to withdraw an offer

         (1)   A party may withdraw an offer to settle by serving a written notice on the other party that the offer is withdrawn.

         (2)   A party may withdraw an offer to settle at any time before:

                (a)    the offer is accepted; or

               (b)    the court makes an order disposing of the application or appeal to which the offer relates.

         (3)   A second or later offer by a party has the effect of withdrawing an earlier offer.

10.04      How to accept an offer

         (1)   A party may accept an offer to settle by notice, in writing.

         (2)   A party may accept an offer to settle at any time before:

                (a)    the offer is withdrawn; or

               (b)    the court makes an order disposing of the application or appeal.

         (3)   If an offer to settle is accepted, the parties must lodge a draft consent order.

Note 1   The draft consent order should set out the orders agreed to by the parties and must be signed by both parties. Once lodged, it will be considered by the court under rule 10.17. The parties may agree to the dismissal of all applications.

Note 2   Paragraph 6.13 (1) (d) requires that, if a party seeks a consent order and a case guardian has been appointed for the party, the case guardian must file an affidavit stating why the consent order is in the best interests of the party, and any other matter the court may require.

10.05      Counter-offer

                A party may accept an offer to settle even though the party has made a counter-offer to settle.

Division 10.1.2      Offer to settle — property cases

10.06      Compulsory offer to settle

         (1)   This rule applies to a property case.

         (2)   Each party must make a genuine offer to settle to all other parties within:

                (a)    28 days after the conciliation conference; or

               (b)    such further time as ordered by the court.

         (3)   The offer to settle must state that it is made under this Division.

Example

The offer to settle must include a statement along the following lines:

‘This offer to settle is made under Division 10.1.2 of the Family Law Rules 2004.’.

Note 1   For rules about making, withdrawing and accepting an offer, see Division 10.1.1.

Note 2   An offer to settle is a factor that may be taken into account when the court exercises its discretion in relation to costs (see paragraph 117 (2A) (f) of the Act).

Note 3   Rule 11.02 sets out the consequences of failing to comply with these Rules.

10.07      Withdrawal of offer

                A party who withdraws an offer to settle made under this Division must, at the same time, make another genuine offer to settle.


 

Part 10.2            Discontinuing a case

  

10.10      Definition

                In this Part:

case includes:

                (a)    part of a case;

               (b)    an order sought in an application; and

                (c)    an application for a consent order when there is no current case (see Part 10.4).

10.11      Discontinuing a case

         (1)   A party may discontinue a case by filing a Notice of Discontinuance (Form 10).

         (2)   A party must apply to the court for permission to discontinue a case if:

                (a)    the case relates to property of the parties, or a party, and one of the parties dies before the case is determined; or

               (b)    in an Application for Divorce — there are less than 7 days before the date of the hearing.

Note   Under subsection 79 (8) of the Act, a party may continue with an application for property even if one of the parties has died.

         (3)   Discontinuance of a case by a party does not discontinue any other party’s case.

Note   If one or more joint applicants, but not all, discontinue a case, any discontinuing applicant becomes a respondent.

         (4)   If a party discontinues a case, another party may apply for costs within 28 days after the Form 10 is filed.

         (5)   If:

                (a)    a party is required to pay the costs of another party because of the discontinuance of a case; and

               (b)    the party required to pay the costs starts another case on the same, or substantially the same, grounds before paying the costs;

the other party may apply for the case to be stayed until the costs are paid.


 

Part 10.3            Summary orders and separate decisions

  

Note   An application under this Part is made by filing a Form 2 and an affidavit (see rules 5.01 and 5.02).

10.12      Application for summary orders

                A party may apply for summary orders after a response has been filed if the party claims, in relation to the application or response, that:

                (a)    the court has no jurisdiction;

               (b)    the other party has no legal capacity to apply for the orders sought;

                (c)    it is frivolous, vexatious or an abuse of process; or

               (d)    there is no reasonable likelihood of success.

10.13      Application for separate decision

                After the final resolution event, a party may apply for a decision on any issue, if the decision may:

                (a)    dispose of all or part of the case;

               (b)    make a trial unnecessary;

                (c)    make a trial substantially shorter; or

               (d)    save substantial costs.

10.14      What the court may order under this Part

                On an application under this Part, the court may:

                (a)    dismiss any part of the case;

               (b)    decide an issue;

                (c)    make a final order on any issue;

               (d)    order a hearing about an issue or fact; or

                (e)    with the consent of the parties, order arbitration about the case or part of the case.

Note   This list does not limit the powers of the court. The court may make orders on an application, or on its own initiative (see rule 1.10).


 

Part 10.4            Consent orders

  

10.15      How to apply for a consent order

         (1)   A party may apply for a consent order:

                (a)    in a current case:

                          (i)    orally, during a hearing or a trial;

                         (ii)    by lodging a draft consent order; or

                        (iii)    by tendering a draft consent order to a judicial officer during a court event; or

               (b)    if there is no current case — by filing an Application for Consent Orders (Form 11), and attaching a draft consent order.

Note 1   See rule 24.08 for copies required.

Note 2   A case guardian for a party seeking a consent order (other than an order relating to practice or procedure), must file an affidavit setting out the facts relied on to satisfy the court that the consent order is in the party’s best interests (see paragraph 6.13 (1) (d)).

         (2)   A draft consent order must:

                (a)    set out clearly the orders that the parties ask the court to make;

               (b)    state that it is made by consent; and

                (c)    be signed by each of the parties.

         (3)   Paragraph (1) (b) does not apply if a party applies for a consent order:

                (a)    for step-parent maintenance under rule 4.16;

               (b)    relying on a cross-vesting law;

                (c)    approving a medical procedure;

               (d)    for a parenting order when section 65G of the Act applies; or

                (e)    for an order under the Assessment Act or Registration Act.

         (4)   A party applying for a consent order in a case mentioned in subrule (3) must file an Application for Final Orders (Form 1) as soon as the consent is received.

Note   If a child representative has been appointed in a case, the court will not make a consent order unless the child representative has also signed the draft consent order (see paragraph 8.02 (3) (c)).

10.16      Order for superannuation interest

         (1)   This rule applies if:

                (a)    a party intends to apply for a consent order in relation to a superannuation interest (the order sought); and

               (b)    the order sought will impose an obligation on the trustee of the eligible superannuation plan in which the interest is held (the trustee) to take particular action in relation to the interest (for example, under a splitting order).

         (2)   At least 28 days before filing the Form 11 or lodging the draft consent order, the party must serve the following documents on the trustee:

                (a)    a copy of the draft consent order that the parties intend to apply for, signed by the parties or the parties’ lawyers;

               (b)    a written notice stating that:

                          (i)    the parties intend to apply for the order sought if no objection to the order is received from the trustee within the time mentioned in subrule (3); and

                         (ii)    if the trustee objects to the order sought, the trustee must give the parties written notice of the objection within the time mentioned in subrule (3).

         (3)   If the trustee does not object to the order sought within 28 days after receiving a notice under subrule (2), the party may file the application.

         (4)   Despite subrule (3), if, after service of the draft consent order on the trustee, the trustee consents, in writing, to the order being made, the parties may file the Form 11 or lodge the draft consent order.

10.17      Dealing with a consent order

                If a party applies for a consent order, the court may:

                (a)    make an order in accordance with the orders sought;

               (b)    require a party to file additional information;

                (c)    dismiss the application

Note   A party applying for a consent order must satisfy the court as to why the consent order should be made.

10.18      Lapsing of respondent’s consent

                A respondent’s consent to an application that an order be made in the same terms as the draft consent order attached to a Form 11 lapses if:

                (a)    90 days have passed since the date of the first affidavit in the Form 11; and

               (b)    the Form 11 has not been filed.


 

Chapter 11  Case management

Summary of Chapter 11

Chapter 11 sets out the ways the court may manage a case to achieve the main purpose of these Rules (see rule 1.04), including:

·   making procedural orders;

·   limiting the issues in dispute;

·   permitting amendment of applications or documents to clarify the issues in dispute;

·   using simplified procedures for small claims; and

·   changing the venue of a case.

The rules in Chapter 1 relating to the court’s general powers apply in all cases and override all other provisions in these Rules.

A word or expression used in this Chapter may be defined in the dictionary at the end of these Rules.

Part 11.1            Court’s powers of case management

  

11.01      General powers

                The court may exercise any of the powers mentioned in Table 11.1 to manage a case to achieve the main purpose of these Rules (see rule 1.04).

Table 11.1   Court’s powers

 

Item

Subject

Power

1

Attendance

   (a)  order a party to attend:

         (i)   an information session;

        (ii)   a procedural hearing;

       (iii)   counselling or mediation;

 

 

       (iv)   a conference or other court event; or

        (v)   a specialist family court program or post‑separation parenting program;

  (b)  require a party, a party’s lawyer or a child representative to attend court

2

Case development

   (a)  consolidate cases;

  (b)  order that part of a case be dealt with separately;

   (c)  decide the sequence in which issues are to be tried;

  (d)  specify the facts that are in dispute, state the issues and make procedural orders about how and when the case will be heard or tried;

   (e)  refer a particular case or a part of a case for special management by a judicial officer;

   (f)  with the consent of the parties, order that a case or part of a case be submitted to arbitration

3

Conduct of case

   (a)  hold a court event and receive submissions and evidence by electronic communication;

  (b)  postpone, bring forward or cancel a court event;

   (c)  adjourn a court event;

  (d)  stay a case or part of a case;

   (e)  make orders in the absence of a party;

   (f)  deal with an application without an oral hearing;

   (g)  deal with an application with written or oral evidence or, if the issue is a question of law, without evidence;

  (h)  allow an application to be made orally;

   (i)  determine an application without requiring notice to be given;

   (j)  order that a case lose listing priority;

  (k)  make a self-executing order

Note 1   The powers mentioned in this rule are in addition to any powers given to the court under a legislative provision or that it may otherwise have.

Note 2   Rule 1.10 provides that a court may make an order on its own initiative and sets out what other things the court may do when making an order or giving a party permission to do something.

11.02      Failure to comply with a legislative provision or order

         (1)   If a step is taken after the time specified for taking the step by these Rules, the Regulations or a procedural order, the step is of no effect.

Note   A defaulter may apply to the court for relief from this rule (see rule 11.03).

         (2)   If a party does not comply with these Rules, the Regulations or a procedural order, the court may:

                (a)    dismiss all or part of the case;

               (b)    set aside a step taken or an order made;

                (c)    determine the case as if it were undefended;

               (d)    make any of the orders mentioned in rule 11.01;

                (e)    order costs;

                (f)    prohibit the party from taking a further step in the case until the occurrence of a specified event; or

               (g)    make any other order the court considers necessary, having regard to the main purpose of these Rules (see rule 1.04).

Note   This list does not limit the powers of the court. It is an expectation that a non-defaulting party will minimise any loss.

11.03      Relief from orders

         (1)   A party may apply for relief from:

                (a)    the effect of subrule 11.02 (1); or

               (b)    an order under subrule 11.02 (2).

         (2)   In determining an application under subrule (1), the court may consider:

                (a)    whether there is a good reason for the non-compliance;

               (b)    the extent to which the party has complied with orders, legislative provisions and the pre-action procedures;

                (c)    whether the non-compliance was caused by the party or the party’s lawyer;

               (d)    the impact of the non-compliance on the management of the case;

                (e)    the effect of non-compliance on each other party;

                (f)    costs;

               (g)    whether the applicant should be stayed from taking any further steps in the case until the costs are paid; and

               (h)    if the application is for relief from the effect of subrule 11.02 (1) — whether all parties consent to the step being taken after the specified time.

Note 1   This list does not limit the powers of the court. See also subrule 1.12 (3).

Note 2   A party may make an application under this rule by filing a Form 2 or, with the court’s permission, orally at a court event.

11.04      Frivolous or vexatious case

         (1)   If the court is satisfied that an applicant has frequently started a case or appeal that is frivolous, vexatious or an abuse of process, it may:

                (a)    dismiss the applicant’s application; and

               (b)    order that the applicant may not, without the court’s permission, file or continue an application.

         (2)   The court may make an order under subrule (1):

                (a)    on its own initiative; or

               (b)    on the application of:

                          (i)    a party;

                         (ii)    for the Family Court of Australia — a Registry Manager; or

                        (iii)    for the Family Court of a State — the Executive Officer.

         (3)   The court must not make an order under subrule (1) unless it has given the applicant a reasonable opportunity to be heard.

Note   Under section 118 of the Act, the court may dismiss a case that is frivolous or vexatious and, on application, may prevent the person who started the case from starting a further case. Chapter 5 sets out the procedure for making an application under this rule.

11.05      Application for permission to start a case

         (1)   This rule applies if:

                (a)    the court has made an order under subsection 118 (1) of the Act or paragraph 11.04 (1) (b); and

               (b)    the person against whom the order was made applies for permission to start or continue a case.

         (2)   The application must be in Form 2 and must be made without notice to any other party.

Note   An applicant must file an affidavit stating the facts relied on to establish the need for the orders sought (see rule 5.02).

         (3)   On the first court date for the application:

                (a)    the court may dismiss the application; or

               (b)    the court may:

                          (i)    order the person to:

                                   (A)     serve the application and affidavit; and

                                   (B)     file and serve any further affidavits in support of the application; and

                         (ii)    list the application for hearing.

         (4)   The court must not grant permission to start or continue a case unless it is satisfied that the case has a reasonable likelihood of success.

11.06      Dismissal for want of prosecution

         (1)   If a party has not taken a step in a case for one year, the court may:

                (a)    dismiss all or part of the case; or

               (b)    order an act to be done within a fixed time, in default of which the party’s application will be dismissed.

         (2)   The court must not make an order under subrule (1) unless, at least 14 days before making the order, the court has given the parties written notice of the date and time when it will consider whether to make the order.

         (3)   If:

                (a)    an application is dismissed under subrule (1);

               (b)    a party is ordered to pay the costs of another party; and

                (c)    before the costs are paid, the party ordered to pay them starts another application on the same or substantially the same grounds;

the other party may apply for the case to be stayed until the costs are paid.

Note   This rule applies unless the court orders otherwise (see rule 1.12).


 

Part 11.2            Limiting issues

Division 11.2.1      Admissions

Note   To reduce cost and delay, parties are encouraged to make admissions in relation to facts and documents. The admission is for the purposes of the case only, in order to narrow the issues in dispute. A party should give the other party written notice of any admissions as early as practicable in the case. For example, if admissions are made before the disclosure process, disclosure may be able to be limited and the costs of the case reduced.

11.07      Request to admit

         (1)   A party may, by serving a Notice to Admit on another party, ask the other party to admit, for the purposes of the case only, that a fact is true or that a document is genuine.

         (2)   A Notice to Admit must include a note to the effect that, under subrule 11.08 (2), failure to serve a Notice Disputing a Fact or Document will result in the party being taken to have admitted that the fact is true or the document is genuine.

         (3)   If a Notice to Admit mentions a document, the party serving the Notice must attach a copy of the document to the notice, unless:

                (a)    the other party has a copy of the document; or

               (b)    it is not practicable to attach the copy to the Notice.

         (4)   If paragraph (3) (b) applies, the party must:

                (a)    in the Notice:

                          (i)    identify the document; and

                         (ii)    specify a convenient place and time at which the document may be inspected; and

               (b)    produce the document for inspection at the specified place and time.

11.08      Notice disputing fact or document

         (1)   If a party who is served with a Notice to Admit seeks to dispute a fact or document specified in the Notice, the party must serve on the party who served the Notice, within 14 days after it was served, a Notice Disputing the Fact or Document.

         (2)   If a party does not serve a notice in accordance with subrule (1), the party is taken to admit, for the purposes of the case only, that the fact is true or the document is genuine.

Note   Section 191 of the Evidence Act 1995 sets out requirements about agreed facts as evidence in a case. However, subject to sections 4 and 5 of the Evidence Act 1995, that Act does not apply to the Family Court of Western Australia or any other court of a State.

         (3)   If:

                (a)    a party serves a Notice Disputing a Fact or Document; and

               (b)    the fact or the genuineness of the document is later proved in the case;

the party who served the Notice may be ordered to pay the costs of proof.

Note   Sections 48 and 51 of the Evidence Act 1995 set out requirements about proof of documents. However, subject to sections 4 and 5 of the Evidence Act 1995, that Act does not apply to the Family Court of Western Australia or any other court of a State.

11.09      Withdrawing admission

         (1)   A party may withdraw an admission that a fact is true or a document is genuine only with the court’s permission or the consent of all parties.

         (2)   When allowing a party to withdraw an admission, the court may order the party to pay any other party’s costs thrown away.

         (3)   In subrule (1):

admission includes an admission in a document in the case or taken to be made under subrule 11.08 (2).

Note   The court may, on application, order that a party not pay costs (see rule 1.12).

Division 11.2.2      Amendment

11.10      Amendment by a party or court order

         (1)   A party who has filed an application or response may amend the application or response:

                (a)    for a case started by an Application for Final Orders (Form 1):

                          (i)    within 28 days after the final resolution event; or

                         (ii)    at any later time, with the consent of the other parties or by order;

               (b)    for an Application in a Case (Form 2):

                          (i)    at or before the first court date; or

                         (ii)    at any later time, with the consent of the other parties or by order; and

                (c)    for all other applications — at any time, with the consent of the other parties or by order.

Note   An amendment of an application may be necessary to ensure that the court determines the real issues between the parties or to avoid multiple cases.

         (2)   A party who:

                (a)    has filed a Form 1 or Form 1A; and

               (b)    seeks to add or substitute another cause of action or another person as a party to the case;

must amend the Form in accordance with this Division.

         (3)   If an amendment mentioned in subrule (2) is made after the first court date, the Registry Manager must set a date for a further procedural hearing.

Note   A reference to application includes a reference to cross-application (see the dictionary).

11.11      Time limit for amendment

                A party who has been given permission by the court to amend an application must do so within 7 days after the order is made.

Note   The court may shorten or extend the time for compliance with a rule (see rule 1.14).

11.12      Amending a document

                A party must amend a document by filing a copy of the document:

                (a)    with the amendment clearly marked; and

               (b)    if the document is amended by order — endorsed with the date when the order and amendment are made.

Example

An amendment may be made by:

(a)   placing a line through the text to be changed; and

(b)   underlining the new text or using a different type-face to indicate the new text.

Note   Rule 13.06 sets out the requirements for amending a Financial Statement (Form 13).

11.13      Response to amended document

                If an amended document that has been served on a party affects a document (the affected document) previously filed by the party, the party may amend the affected document:

                (a)    in accordance with rule 11.12; and

               (b)    not more than 14 days after the amended document was served on the party.

11.14      Disallowance of amendment

                The court may disallow an amendment of a document.

Example

The court may disallow an amendment if it is frivolous, vexatious or not in accordance with these Rules or an order.

Division 11.2.3      Small claims

11.15      Small claims

         (1)   Subrule (2) applies if the court determines that:

                (a)    a case is to be determined as a small claim; and

               (b)    it is not appropriate to transfer the case to the Federal Magistrates Court for hearing (see rule 11.19).

         (2)   At the trial:

                (a)    the parties must not call witnesses, other than the parties themselves, without the court’s permission;

               (b)    evidence must be given orally; and

                (c)    each party must produce all relevant documents.

         (3)   The following rules do not apply to a case that is to be determined as a small claim:

                (a)    Chapter 12;

               (b)    Chapter 13, except Part 13.1;

                (c)    Parts 15.4 and 15.5;

               (d)    Part 16.2.

Note 1   The type of case that the court may decide to determine as a small claim includes:

(a)     a dispute about an item of property, such as a car or furniture;

(b)     a case in which there is minimal property or only personal property;

(c)   some specific issues in a parenting case; and

(d)   a dispute about the time or place of collection of a child for contact.

Note 2   A lawyer may recover 80% of the scale for costs in a small claim (see subrule 19.40 (2)).


 

Part 11.3            Venue

Division 11.3.1      Open court and chambers

11.16      Cases in chambers

         (1)   Subject to subrule (2), a court may exercise its jurisdiction in chambers.

         (2)   A trial must be heard in open court.

         (3)   A judicial officer who determines a case in chambers must:

                (a)    record:

                          (i)    the file number;

                         (ii)    the names of the parties;

                        (iii)    the date of the determination; and

                        (iv)    the orders made; and

               (b)    sign the record.

Note 1   An order made in chambers has the same effect as an order made in open court.

Note 2   The court may make orders about who may be present in court during a case (see subsection 97 (2) of the Act).

Division 11.3.2      Transferring a case

11.17      Application of Division 11.3.2

                This Division does not apply to:

                (a)    a case raising, or relying on, a cross-vesting law in which a party objecting to the case being heard in the Family Court applies to have the case transferred to another court; or

               (b)    the transfer of a case under the Corporations Act 2001.

Note   Division 4.2.2 deals with cross-vesting laws and Chapter 25 deals with cases under the Corporations Act 2001.

11.18      Transfer to another court or registry

                A party may apply to have a case transferred to another registry or court exercising jurisdiction under the Act by filing an Application in a Case (Form 2) in the registry in which the case was started.

Note   A party may make an oral application to have a case heard at a different place within the same region, that is, to have the hearing transferred from a circuit centre to the place where the filing registry is located.

11.19      Factors to be considered for transfer

                In deciding whether to transfer a case to another registry or court, or to remove a case from another court under subsection 46 (3A) of the Act, the court may consider:

                (a)    the public interest;

               (b)    whether the case, if transferred or removed, is likely to be dealt with:

                          (i)    at less cost to the parties;

                         (ii)    at more convenience to the parties; or

                        (iii)    earlier;

                (c)    the availability of a judicial officer specialising in the type of case to which the application relates;

               (d)    the availability of particular procedures appropriate to the case;

                (e)    the financial value of the claim;

                (f)    the complexity of the facts, legal issues, remedies and procedures involved;

               (h)    the adequacy of the available facilities, having regard to any disability of a party or witness; and

                (i)    the wishes of the parties.

Note   Subsection 33B (6) of the Act provides that, in deciding whether a case should be transferred to the Federal Magistrates Court, the court must have regard to:

(a)   any rules of the court applying to the transfer of cases;

(b)   whether cases in respect of an associated matter are pending in the Federal Magistrates Court;

(c)   whether the resources of the Federal Magistrates Court are sufficient to hear and determine the case; and

(d)   the interests of the administration of justice.

Division 11.3.3      Transfer of court file

11.20      Transfer between courts

                If an order is made to transfer a case from a court to another court, the Registry Manager, after receiving the file, must:

                (a)    fix a date for a procedural hearing; and

               (b)    give each party notice of the date fixed.



 

Chapter 12  Court events

Summary of Chapter 12

Chapter 12 sets out rules about the events that parties to an Application for Final Orders (Form 1) may be required to attend during the course of the case. These include a case assessment conference, a procedural hearing, counselling and mediation, a conciliation conference, a pre-trial conference and a trial.

The rules in Chapter 1 relating to the court’s general powers apply in all cases and override all other provisions in these Rules.

A word or expression used in this Chapter may be defined in the dictionary at the end of these Rules.

  

  

 

 

Resolution phase

 

Comply with pre-action procedures

 

 

 

 

Start of case (Chapter 2)

 

 

 

28 days

 

Counselling in application for parenting order
(Act s 62B)

 

 

 

 

First court date (hearing, procedural hearing, case assessment conference)

 

 

 

 

 

Property

 

Parenting order

 

 

 

 

 

Conciliation conference

Final resolution event

Counselling

 

 

 

 

Determination phase

 

Trial notice issues

 

 

 

 

Pre-trial conference

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trial

 



 

Part 12.1            Application of Chapter 12

  

12.01      Application of Chapter 12

                This Chapter applies to all Applications for Final Orders (Form 1), except:

                (a)    a Medical Procedure Application;

               (b)    a Maintenance Application;

                (c)    a Child Support Application or Appeal;

               (d)    an application for an order that a marriage is a nullity or a declaration as to the validity of a marriage, divorce or annulment;

                (e)    an application in which the only order sought is about a passport; and

                (f)    a case to be determined as a small claim under rule 11.15.


 

Part 12.2            Court events — resolution phase

Note 1   When a Form 1 is filed, the Registry Manager will fix a date (the first court date) for:

(a)   a procedural hearing; or

(b)   a case assessment conference and procedural hearing (see rule 4.03).

Note 2   A lawyer for a party has an obligation to advise the party about costs before the first court date and each subsequent court event (see rule 19.04).

12.02      Property case — exchange of documents before first court date

                At least 2 days before the first court date in a property case, each party must, as far as practicable, exchange with each other party a copy of all of the following documents:

                (a)    a copy of the party’s 3 most recent taxation returns and assessments;

               (b)    if relevant, documents about any superannuation interest of the party, including:

                          (i)    if not already filed, the completed superannuation information form for the superannuation interest; and

                         (ii)    if the party is a member of a self-managed superannuation fund — a copy of the trust deed and the 3 most recent financial statements for the fund;

                (c)    for a corporation in relation to which a party has a duty of disclosure under rule 13.04:

                          (i)    a copy of the financial statements for the 3 most recent financial years, including balance sheets, profit and loss accounts, depreciation schedules and taxation returns;

                         (ii)    a copy of the corporation’s most recent annual return that lists the directors and shareholders; and

                        (iii)    if relevant, a copy of the corporation’s constitution;

               (d)    for a trust in relation to which a party has a duty of disclosure under rule 13.04:

                          (i)    a copy of the financial statements for the 3 most recent financial years, including balance sheets, profit and loss accounts, depreciation schedules and taxation returns; and

                         (ii)    a copy of the trust deed;

                (e)    for a partnership in relation to which a party has a duty of disclosure under rule 13.04:

                          (i)    a copy of the financial statements for the 3 most recent financial years, including balance sheets, profit and loss accounts, depreciation schedules and taxation returns; and

                         (ii)    a copy of the partnership agreement;

                (f)    for a person or entity mentioned in paragraph (a), (c), (d) or (e) — any business activity statements for the 12 months ending immediately before the first court date;

               (g)    unless the value is agreed — a market appraisal of the value of any item of property in which a party has an interest.

Note   All parties have a general duty of disclosure (see Chapter 13). For examples of the type of property about which disclosure must be made, see rule 13.04.

12.03      Case assessment conference

         (1)   A case assessment conference must be held in the presence of a Registrar, mediator or both.

         (2)   The purpose of a case assessment conference is:

                (a)    to enable the person conducting the conference to assess and make any recommendations about the appropriate future conduct of the case; and

               (b)    to enable the parties to attempt to resolve the case, or any part of the case, by agreement.

         (3)   If the case is not settled by the end of the conference, the parties must immediately attend a procedural hearing.

Note 1   A party and a party’s lawyer must attend a case assessment conference and a procedural hearing (see subrule 1.08 (3) and rule 12.11).

Note 2   A party to a parenting case must disclose a copy of an expert’s report no later than 2 days before a case assessment conference (see paragraph 15.55 (1) (a)).

12.04      Procedural hearing

         (1)   At a procedural hearing, the court:

                (a)    may investigate the possibility of settlement of any issue in the case; and

               (b)    must:

                          (i)    consider any recommendations made at the case assessment conference;

                         (ii)    make orders in relation to the future conduct of the case;

                        (iii)    list the case for the next appropriate court event; or

                        (iv)    make a consent order.

Note 1   The next appropriate court event may be a conciliation conference in a property case, mediation in a parenting case, a procedural hearing, a hearing or a trial.

Note 2   The orders the court may make at a procedural hearing include:

(a)   an order that a party produce a specific document for inspection and copying by the other party before the conciliation conference in a property case (see rule 12.05 and subrule 13.22 (4)); and

(b)   an order permitting a party to obtain an expert’s report.

         (2)   At a procedural hearing, each party must, as far as practicable, identify:

                (a)    any procedural orders sought;

               (b)    the agreed issues; and

                (c)    any relevant matters relating to the main purpose of these Rules (see rule 1.04).

12.05      Property case — exchange of documents before conciliation conference

         (1)   This rule applies to a party to a property case in which the parties are required to attend a conciliation conference.

         (2)   At least 7 days before the conciliation conference, each party must, as far as practicable, exchange with each other party:

                (a)    a conciliation conference document;

               (b)    if not already exchanged, a copy of all the documents mentioned in rule 12.02;

                (c)    all documents containing evidence about:

                          (i)    the financial matters mentioned in the party’s Financial Statement (Form 13) and the conciliation conference document completed by the party for the conference;

                         (ii)    financial contributions made when the parties began cohabiting;

                        (iii)    any inheritances, gifts or compensation payments received after the parties began cohabiting;

                        (iv)    any purchase of property since the parties separated;

                         (v)    any disposal of property within the meaning of paragraph 13.04 (1) (g);

                        (vi)    any increase or reduction of liabilities since the parties separated; and

                       (vii)    the value of any superannuation interest of a party, including the basis on which the value has been worked out and any documents used to work out the value; and

               (d)    any other documents ordered at the procedural hearing or otherwise, or agreed between the parties to be exchanged.

         (3)   At least 7 days before the conciliation conference, each party must lodge in the filing registry a copy of the conciliation conference document given to the other party under paragraph (2) (a).

         (4)   At the end of the conciliation conference, the Registrar must return to each party the conciliation conference document lodged by the party.

Note   At a procedural hearing or conciliation conference, the court may make an order for specific documents to be produced or exchanged if it is satisfied that it is required for the purposes of resolving the case (see subrule 13.22 (4)).

12.06      Conduct of a conciliation conference

         (1)   A conciliation conference must be conducted by a judicial officer, who may be assisted by a mediator.

Note   The parties to a property case will be ordered to attend a conciliation conference unless the conference is dispensed with by order under subsection 79 (9) of the Act.

         (2)   Each party at a conciliation conference must make a genuine effort to reach agreement on the matters in issue between them.

         (3)   If a case is not settled at the end of a conciliation conference, the judicial officer conducting the conference may make orders in relation to the conduct of the case.

Note 1   A party and a party’s lawyer must attend a conciliation conference (see subrule 12.11 (1)).

Note 2   The procedural orders that may be made under subrule (3) include an order about disclosure of documents, obtaining an expert’s report and an extension of time for making a compulsory offer to settle under rule 10.06.


 

Part 12.3            Court events — determination phase

  

Note   If a cas