Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

Primary content

Telecommunications Act 1997

Authoritative Version
Act No. 47 of 1997 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Telstra Corporation and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2021
An Act about telecommunications, and for related purposes
Administered by: Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development, Communications and the Arts
Registered 02 Jun 2022
Start Date 02 Jun 2022
Table of contents.

Commonwealth Coat of Arms of Australia

Telecommunications Act 1997

No. 47, 1997

Compilation No. 104

Compilation date:                              2 June 2022

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 140, 2021

Registered:                                         2 June 2022

This compilation is in 3 volumes

Volume 1:       sections 1–310

Volume 2:       sections 311–594

Volume 3:       Schedules

                        Endnotes

Each volume has its own contents

This compilation includes a commenced amendment made by Act No. 121, 2021

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Telecommunications Act 1997 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 2 June 2022 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Part 14—National interest matters                                                                              1

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                                  1

311........................ Simplified outline................................................................ 1

Division 2—Obligations of ACMA and carriers and carriage service providers            3

312........................ ACMA’s obligations.......................................................... 3

313........................ Obligations of carriers and carriage service providers........ 3

314........................ Terms and conditions on which help is to be given............ 9

Division 3—Notification of changes to telecommunications services or telecommunications systems relating to obligation under subsection 313(1A) or (2A) 11

Subdivision A—Individual notifications                                                            11

314A..................... Individual notifications..................................................... 11

314B...................... Assessment of proposed change....................................... 14

Subdivision B—Security capability plans                                                          16

314C...................... Security capability plans................................................... 16

314D..................... Assessment of security capability plan............................. 17

314E...................... Relationship with section 314A........................................ 19

Division 4—Carriage service provider may suspend supply of carriage service in an emergency       20

315........................ Suspension of supply of carriage service in an emergency 20

Division 5—Directions by Home Affairs Minister                                      22

315A..................... Direction if use or supply of carriage services prejudicial to security       22

315B...................... Direction if risk of unauthorised interference or access involving telecommunications networks or facilities.......................................................................................... 23

Division 6—Home Affairs Secretary’s information‑gathering powers 27

315C...................... Home Affairs Secretary may obtain information and documents from carriers and carriage service providers.......................................................................................... 27

315D..................... Self‑incrimination............................................................. 28

315E...................... Copies of documents........................................................ 29

315F...................... Retention of documents.................................................... 29

315G..................... Delegation by Home Affairs Secretary............................. 30

Division 7—Information sharing and confidentiality                                31

315H..................... Information sharing and confidentiality............................ 31

Division 8—Annual report                                                                                       33

315J....................... Annual report.................................................................... 33

Division 8A—Review by Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security              35

315K...................... Review by Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security  35

Division 9—Generality of Part not limited                                                     36

316........................ Generality of Part not limited............................................ 36

Part 15—Industry assistance                                                                                         37

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                          37

317A..................... Simplified outline of this Part........................................... 37

317B...................... Definitions........................................................................ 39

317C...................... Designated communications provider etc.......................... 45

317D..................... Electronic service.............................................................. 49

317E...................... Listed acts or things.......................................................... 50

317F...................... Extension to external Territories....................................... 52

Division 2—Voluntary technical assistance                                                    53

317G..................... Voluntary technical assistance provided to ASIO, the Australian Secret Intelligence Service, the Australian Signals Directorate or an interception agency................... 53

317H..................... Form of technical assistance request................................. 56

317HAA............... Provision of advice to designated communications providers  57

317HAB................ Notification obligations..................................................... 58

317HA.................. Duration of technical assistance request............................ 59

317J....................... Specified period etc........................................................... 60

317JAA................. Decision‑making criteria................................................... 60

317JA.................... Variation of technical assistance requests......................... 61

317JB.................... Revocation of technical assistance requests...................... 65

317JC.................... Whether a technical assistance request is reasonable and proportionate   67

317K...................... Contract etc....................................................................... 68

Division 3—Technical assistance notices                                                         70

317L...................... Technical assistance notices.............................................. 70

317LA................... Approval of technical assistance notices given by the chief officer of an interception agency of a State or Territory............................................................................ 71

317M..................... Form of technical assistance notice................................... 71

317MAA............... Provision of advice to designated communications providers  72

317MAB............... Notification obligations..................................................... 74

317MA.................. Duration of technical assistance notice.............................. 74

317N..................... Compliance period etc....................................................... 75

317P...................... Decision‑making criteria................................................... 76

317PA................... Consultation about a proposal to give a technical assistance notice          76

317Q..................... Variation of technical assistance notices........................... 77

317R...................... Revocation of technical assistance notices........................ 79

317RA................... Whether requirements imposed by a technical assistance notice are reasonable and proportionate           81

Division 4—Technical capability notices                                                          82

317S...................... Attorney‑General may determine procedures and arrangements relating to requests for technical capability notices............................................................................... 82

317T...................... Technical capability notices............................................... 82

317TAAA              Approval of technical capability notice     85

317TAA................ Provision of advice to designated communications providers  86

317TAB................ Notification obligations..................................................... 86

317TA................... Duration of technical capability notice.............................. 87

317U..................... Compliance period etc....................................................... 89

317V..................... Decision‑making criteria................................................... 89

317W..................... Consultation about a proposal to give a technical capability notice           90

317WA.................. Assessment and report...................................................... 91

317X..................... Variation of technical capability notices............................ 96

317XA.................. Approval of variation of technical capability notice.......... 98

317Y..................... Consultation about a proposal to vary a technical capability notice          99

317YA.................. Assessment and report.................................................... 100

317Z...................... Revocation of technical capability notices....................... 104

317ZAA................ Whether requirements imposed by a technical capability notice are reasonable and proportionate           105

Division 5—Compliance and enforcement                                                    107

317ZA................... Compliance with notices—carriers and carriage service providers           107

317ZB................... Compliance with notices—designated communications provider (other than a carrier or carriage service provider)......................................................................... 107

317ZC................... Civil penalty provision.................................................... 108

317ZD................... Enforceable undertakings................................................ 109

317ZE.................... Injunctions...................................................................... 110

Division 6—Unauthorised disclosure of information etc.                      111

317ZF.................... Unauthorised disclosure of information.......................... 111

317ZFA................. Powers of a court............................................................ 121

Division 7—Limitations                                                                                           123

317ZG................... Designated communications provider must not be requested or required to implement or build a systemic weakness or systemic vulnerability etc........................... 123

317ZGA................ Limits on technical capability notices.............................. 124

317ZH................... General limits on technical assistance requests, technical assistance notices and technical capability notices........................................................................................ 125

Division 8—General provisions                                                                          130

317ZJ.................... Immunity........................................................................ 130

317ZK................... Terms and conditions on which help is to be given etc... 130

317ZKA................ Notification obligations................................................... 137

317ZL.................... Service of notices etc...................................................... 139

317ZM.................. Interception agency—chief officer and officer................ 141

317ZN................... Delegation by Director‑General of Security.................... 142

317ZP.................... Delegation by Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service          142

317ZQ................... Delegation by Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate     143

317ZR................... Delegation by the chief officer of an interception agency 143

317ZRA................ Relationship of this Part to parliamentary privileges and immunities       144

317ZRB................. Inspection of records...................................................... 145

317ZS.................... Annual reports................................................................ 146

317ZT.................... Alternative constitutional basis....................................... 147

Part 16—Defence requirements and disaster plans                                      148

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        148

333........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 148

334........................ Defence authority............................................................ 148

Division 2—Supply of carriage services                                                         149

335........................ Requirement to supply carriage services for defence purposes or for the management of natural disasters........................................................................................ 149

Division 3—Defence planning                                                                              151

336........................ Definitions...................................................................... 151

337........................ Preparation of draft agreement........................................ 151

338........................ ACMA’s certification of draft agreement....................... 152

339........................ Requirement to enter into certified agreement................. 153

340........................ Compliance with agreement............................................ 153

341........................ Withdrawal of certification of agreement........................ 153

342........................ Duration of agreement.................................................... 154

343........................ Variation of agreement.................................................... 154

Division 4—Disaster plans                                                                                     156

344........................ Designated disaster plans................................................ 156

345........................ Carrier licence conditions about designated disaster plans 156

346........................ Service provider determinations about designated disaster plans             156

346A..................... Carrier and carriage service provider immunity.............. 156

Division 5—Delegation                                                                                            158

347........................ Delegation....................................................................... 158

Part 17—Pre‑selection in favour of carriage service providers             159

348........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 159

349........................ Requirement to provide pre‑selection.............................. 159

349A..................... Local access line............................................................. 165

350........................ When pre‑selection is provided in favour of a carriage service provider  165

350A..................... Declared carriage services............................................... 167

351........................ Pre‑selection to be provided............................................ 167

352........................ Exemptions from requirement to provide pre‑selection... 168

353........................ Use of over‑ride dial codes............................................. 169

Part 18—Calling line identification                                                                         171

354........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 171

355........................ Calling line identification................................................ 171

356........................ Exemptions from calling line identification requirement. 171

Part 19—Statutory infrastructure providers                                                    173

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        173

360........................ Simplified outline of this Part......................................... 173

360A..................... Definitions...................................................................... 173

360AA.................. Qualifying fixed wireless carriage service...................... 176

Division 2—Service areas and statutory infrastructure providers 178

Subdivision AA—Introduction                                                                            178

360B...................... Simplified outline of this Division.................................. 178

360C...................... Definition of service area............................................... 179

Subdivision A—Rules applicable before the designated day                      180

360D..................... Interim NBN service area............................................... 180

360E...................... Statutory infrastructure provider for an interim NBN service area           182

Subdivision B—Rules applicable after the start of the designated day    182

360F...................... General service area........................................................ 182

360G..................... Statutory infrastructure provider for the general service area 183

Subdivision C—Rules applicable before, at and after the start of the designated day 183

360H..................... Nominated service area—declaration made by a carrier.. 183

360HA.................. Nominated service area—anticipatory notice to be given to the ACMA by a carrier                187

360J....................... Nominated service area—carrier licence conditions declarations              190

360K...................... Statutory infrastructure provider for a nominated service area 190

360L...................... Designated service area and statutory infrastructure provider  191

Subdivision D—Format of description of areas                                             192

360LA................... Format of description of areas........................................ 192

Division 3—Obligations of statutory infrastructure provider           193

360P...................... Obligation of statutory infrastructure provider to connect premises         193

360Q..................... Obligation of statutory infrastructure provider to supply eligible services—premises             196

360R...................... Notification obligations of statutory infrastructure provider 200

360S...................... Targets for NBN Co....................................................... 200

Division 4—Standards, benchmarks and rules                                           202

360U..................... Standards and benchmarks............................................. 202

360V..................... Rules............................................................................... 204

Division 5—Publication of offers                                                                        206

360W..................... Publication of offer etc.—connection of premises.......... 206

360X..................... Publication of offer—supply of eligible services............ 206

Division 6—Miscellaneous                                                                                     208

360XA.................. Periodic compliance reports............................................ 208

360Y..................... Building redevelopment projects etc............................... 208

360Z...................... Register of statutory infrastructure providers and anticipatory notices     209

360ZA................... Delegation....................................................................... 210

Part 20—International aspects of activities of the telecommunications industry                212

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              212

364........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 212

Division 2—Compliance with international agreements                        213

365........................ INTELSAT and Inmarsat—directions to Signatories..... 213

366........................ Compliance with conventions......................................... 213

Division 3—Rules of conduct about dealings with international telecommunications operators             215

367........................ Rules of conduct about dealings with international telecommunications operators   215

368........................ ACCC to administer Rules of Conduct........................... 217

369........................ Rules of Conduct to bind carriers and carriage service providers             218

370........................ Unenforceability of agreements...................................... 218

371........................ Investigations by the ACCC........................................... 218

372........................ Reviews of the operation of this Division....................... 219

Part 20A—Deployment of optical fibre etc.                                                       220

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              220

372A..................... Simplified outline............................................................ 220

Division 2—Deployment of optical fibre lines                                             222

372B...................... Deployment of optical fibre lines to building lots........... 222

372C...................... Deployment of optical fibre lines to building units......... 224

372D..................... Exemptions—Ministerial instrument.............................. 226

Division 3—Installation of fibre‑ready facilities                                        227

Subdivision A—Installation obligations                                                           227

372E...................... Installation of fibre‑ready facilities—building lots.......... 227

372F...................... Installation of fibre‑ready facilities—building units........ 228

Subdivision B—Sale of building lots and building units                              230

372G..................... Sale of building lots and building units—subdivisions... 230

372H..................... Sale of building units—other projects............................. 233

372J....................... Acquisition of property................................................... 235

Subdivision D—Exemptions                                                                                235

372K...................... Exemptions—Ministerial instrument.............................. 235

Division 4—Third party access regime                                                           238

372L...................... Third party access regime............................................... 238

372M..................... Terms and conditions of access...................................... 240

372N..................... Exemptions—Ministerial instrument.............................. 241

372NA.................. Code relating to access.................................................... 241

Division 5—Exemption of certain projects                                                   243

372P...................... Exemption of certain projects.......................................... 243

Division 6—Miscellaneous                                                                                     244

372Q..................... Real estate development projects etc............................... 244

372R...................... Subdivision of an area of land........................................ 246

372S...................... Building units................................................................. 246

372T...................... Sale of building lots........................................................ 246

372U..................... Sale of building units...................................................... 247

372V..................... Fixed‑line facilities.......................................................... 247

372W..................... Fibre‑ready facility.......................................................... 248

372X..................... Installation of a facility.................................................... 248

372Y..................... Installation of a fibre‑ready facility in proximity to a building lot or building unit   249

372Z...................... Sewerage services, electricity or water supplied to a building lot or building unit    249

372ZA................... Supply to the public........................................................ 251

372ZB................... Concurrent operation of State and Territory laws........... 251

372ZD................... NBN Co......................................................................... 251

Part 21—Technical regulation                                                                                   253

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              253

373........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 253

Division 2—Interpretative provisions                                                             255

374........................ Part applies to networks or facilities in Australia operated by carriers or carriage service providers        255

375........................ Manager of network or facility....................................... 255

Division 3—Technical standards about customer equipment and customer cabling      256

376........................ ACMA’s power to make technical standards................. 256

376A..................... ACMA must make technical standards if directed by the Minister          258

377........................ Adoption of voluntary standards.................................... 258

378........................ Procedures for making technical standards..................... 258

379........................ Making technical standards in cases of urgency............. 259

Division 4—Disability standards                                                                        261

380........................ Disability standards........................................................ 261

381........................ Adoption of voluntary standards.................................... 261

382........................ Procedures for making disability standards.................... 262

383........................ Effect of compliance with disability standards................ 263

Division 5—Technical standards about the interconnection of facilities               264

384........................ ACMA’s power to make technical standards................. 264

385........................ Adoption of voluntary standards.................................... 265

386........................ Procedures for making technical standards..................... 265

387........................ Procedures for making technical standards..................... 266

388........................ Provision of access......................................................... 267

389........................ Promotion of the long‑term interests of end‑users of carriage services and of services supplied by means of carriage services.............................................................. 267

Division 5A—Technical standards relating to Layer 2 bitstream services         268

389A..................... ACMA’s power to determine technical standards.......... 268

389B...................... Compliance with technical standards.............................. 268

Division 6—Connection permits and connection rules                           270

Subdivision A—Connection permits authorising the connection of non‑standard customer equipment and non‑standard cabling                                                               270

390........................ Application for connection permit................................... 270

391........................ Form of application......................................................... 270

392........................ Application to be accompanied by charge....................... 271

393........................ Further information......................................................... 271

394........................ Issue of connection permits............................................ 271

395........................ Connection permit has effect subject to this Act............. 272

396........................ Nominees of holder........................................................ 272

397........................ Duration of connection permits....................................... 272

398........................ Conditions of connection permits................................... 273

399........................ Offence of contravening condition.................................. 273

400........................ Formal warnings—breach of condition.......................... 274

401........................ Surrender of connection permit....................................... 274

402........................ Cancellation of connection permit................................... 274

403........................ Register of connection permits........................................ 275

Subdivision B—Connection rules                                                                       276

404........................ Connection rules............................................................. 276

405........................ Procedures for making connection rules......................... 276

Division 7—Labelling of customer equipment and customer cabling 278

406........................ Application of labels....................................................... 278

406A..................... Application of Division to agent of manufacturer or importer  278

407........................ Labelling requirements.................................................... 278

408........................ Requirements to apply labels—ancillary matters............. 279

409........................ Recognised testing authorities and competent bodies...... 281

410........................ Certification bodies......................................................... 281

411........................ Connection of customer equipment or customer cabling—breach of section 376 standards    281

412........................ Connection of labelled customer equipment or customer cabling not to be refused  283

413........................ Supply of unlabelled customer equipment or unlabelled customer cabling               285

414........................ Applying labels before satisfying requirements under subsection 408(5)                285

415........................ Failure to retain records etc............................................. 286

416........................ Application of labels containing false statements about compliance with standards 287

Division 8—Protected symbols                                                                            288

417........................ Protected symbols........................................................... 288

Division 9—Cabling providers                                                                            292

418........................ Cabling work.................................................................. 292

419........................ Types of cabling work.................................................... 292

420........................ Prohibition of unauthorised cabling work....................... 292

421........................ Cabling provider rules.................................................... 293

422........................ Procedures for making cabling provider rules................ 294

423........................ Application for cabling licence........................................ 295

424........................ Form of application......................................................... 295

425........................ Application to be accompanied by charge....................... 295

426........................ Further information......................................................... 295

427........................ Grant of cabling licence.................................................. 295

428........................ Time limit on licence decision......................................... 296

429........................ Notification of refusal of application............................... 297

430........................ Cabling licence has effect subject to this Act.................. 297

431........................ Duration of cabling licence............................................. 297

432........................ Conditions of cabling licence.......................................... 297

433........................ Procedures for changing licence conditions.................... 298

434........................ Offence in relation to contravening condition................. 298

435........................ Formal warnings—breach of condition.......................... 299

436........................ Surrender of cabling licence............................................ 299

437........................ Suspension of cabling licence......................................... 300

438........................ Cancellation of cabling licence........................................ 300

439........................ ACMA may limit application of Division in relation to customer cabling                301

440........................ Ministerial directions...................................................... 301

441........................ Delegation....................................................................... 302

442........................ Register of cabling licences............................................. 303

Division 10—Remedies for unauthorised connections to telecommunications networks etc.    304

443........................ Civil action for unauthorised connections to telecommunications networks etc.      304

444........................ Remedy for contravention of labelling requirements....... 305

445........................ Remedies for connection of unlabelled customer equipment or unlabelled customer cabling   306

446........................ Disconnection of dangerous customer equipment or customer cabling    308

447........................ Disconnection of customer equipment or customer cabling—protection of the integrity of networks and facilities........................................................................... 310

448........................ Civil action for dangerous connections to telecommunications networks etc.          311

449........................ Other remedies not affected............................................ 312

Division 11—Prohibited customer equipment and prohibited customer cabling              313

450........................ Declaration of prohibited customer equipment or prohibited customer cabling        313

452........................ Operation of prohibited customer equipment or customer cabling           313

Division 12—Pre‑commencement labels                                                         315

453........................ Pre‑commencement labels............................................... 315

Division 13—Penalties payable instead of prosecution                          316

453A..................... Penalties payable instead of prosecution......................... 316

Part 22—Numbering of carriage services and regulation of electronic addressing          317

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              317

454........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 317

Division 2—Numbering of carriage services                                               318

Subdivision AA—Management by numbering scheme manager               318

454A..................... Minister may determine numbering scheme manager..... 318

454B...................... No property rights in numbers........................................ 318

454C...................... Numbering scheme principles......................................... 318

454D..................... Revocation of determination........................................... 320

454E...................... Directions to numbering scheme manager...................... 320

454F...................... Numbering scheme manager providing information to the ACMA         321

454G..................... Directions to comply with rules...................................... 322

454H..................... Numbering scheme documents are not legislative instruments 322

Subdivision A—Management by the ACMA                                                   322

455A..................... Application..................................................................... 322

455........................ Numbering plan.............................................................. 323

456........................ Numbering plan—supply to the public........................... 324

457........................ Numbering plan—allocation otherwise than in accordance with an allocation system             325

458........................ Numbering plan—rules about portability of allocated numbers               325

459........................ ACMA to administer numbering plan............................ 326

459A..................... Delegation....................................................................... 326

460........................ Consultation about numbering plan................................ 327

461........................ Consultation with ACCC................................................ 328

461A..................... Making numbering plan in cases of urgency.................. 328

462........................ Compliance with the numbering plan.............................. 329

Subdivision B—Allocation system for numbers                                             330

463A..................... Numbering scheme manager........................................... 330

463........................ Allocation system for numbers....................................... 331

464........................ Consultation about an allocation system......................... 332

Subdivision C—Miscellaneous                                                                            332

465........................ Register of allocated numbers......................................... 332

466........................ Emergency service numbers........................................... 334

468........................ Collection of numbering charges.................................... 335

469........................ Collection of charges on behalf of the Commonwealth... 337

470........................ Cancellation of certain exemptions from charge.............. 337

471........................ Commonwealth not liable to charge................................ 337

472........................ Integrated public number database.................................. 338

473........................ Letters and symbols taken to be numbers....................... 339

Division 3—Regulation of electronic addressing                                       340

474........................ Declared manager of electronic addressing..................... 340

475........................ ACMA may give directions to declared manager of electronic addressing              340

476........................ ACCC may give directions to declared manager of electronic addressing                341

477........................ ACCC’s directions to prevail over the ACMA’s directions 343

Part 23—Standard agreements for the supply of carriage services    344

478........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 344

479........................ Standard terms and conditions apply unless excluded.... 344

482........................ Concurrent operation of State/Territory laws.................. 345

483........................ Competition and Consumer Act not affected by this Part 346

Part 24—Carriers’ powers and immunities                                                       347

484........................ Schedule 3...................................................................... 347

Part 24A—Submarine cables                                                                                      348

484A..................... Schedule 3A................................................................... 348

Part 25—Public inquiries                                                                                              349

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              349

485........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 349

Division 2—Inquiries by the ACMA                                                                 350

486........................ When inquiry must be held............................................. 350

487........................ When inquiry may be held.............................................. 350

488........................ Informing the public about an inquiry............................. 351

489........................ Discussion paper............................................................ 351

490........................ Written submissions and protection from civil actions.... 352

491........................ Hearings......................................................................... 352

492........................ Hearing to be in public except in exceptional cases......... 353

493........................ Confidential material not to be published........................ 354

494........................ Direction about private hearings..................................... 355

495........................ Reports on inquiries........................................................ 356

Division 3—Inquiries by the ACCC                                                                  357

496........................ When inquiry must be held............................................. 357

497........................ When inquiry may be held.............................................. 357

498........................ Informing the public about an inquiry............................. 357

499........................ Discussion paper............................................................ 358

500........................ Written submissions and protection from civil actions.... 358

501........................ Hearings......................................................................... 359

502........................ Hearing to be in public except in exceptional cases......... 360

503........................ Confidential material not to be published........................ 360

504........................ Direction about private hearings..................................... 361

505........................ Reports on inquiries........................................................ 362

505A..................... ACCC may use material presented to a previous public inquiry              363

505B...................... ACCC may adopt a finding from a previous public inquiry 364

506........................ ACCC’s other powers not limited.................................. 364

Part 26—Investigations                                                                                                   365

507........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 365

508........................ Matters to which this Part applies................................... 365

509........................ Complaints to the ACMA............................................... 366

510........................ Investigations by the ACMA.......................................... 368

511........................ Preliminary inquiries....................................................... 369

512........................ Conduct of investigations............................................... 369

513........................ Complainant and certain other persons to be informed of various matters               370

514........................ Reference of matters to Ombudsman or other responsible person           371

515........................ Reference of matters to the ACCC.................................. 372

515A..................... Reference of matters to Information Commissioner........ 373

516........................ Reports on investigations................................................ 374

517........................ Publication of reports...................................................... 375

518........................ Person adversely affected by report to be given opportunity to comment                376

519........................ Protection from civil actions........................................... 376

Part 27—The ACMA’s information‑gathering powers                             378

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              378

520........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 378

Division 2—Information‑gathering powers                                                  379

521........................ The ACMA may obtain information and documents from carriers and service providers       379

522........................ The ACMA may obtain information and documents from other persons                380

523........................ Copying documents—reasonable compensation............. 382

524........................ Self‑incrimination........................................................... 382

525........................ Giving false or misleading information or evidence........ 383

527........................ Copies of documents...................................................... 383

528........................ ACMA may retain documents........................................ 383

Division 3—Record‑keeping rules                                                                     385

529........................ ACMA may make record‑keeping rules......................... 385

530........................ Compliance with record‑keeping rules............................ 386

531........................ Incorrect records............................................................. 386

Part 28—Enforcement                                                                                                    387

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        387

532........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 387

532A..................... References to the Spam Act 2003.................................... 388

Division 2—Inspectors and identity cards                                                     389

533........................ Inspectors....................................................................... 389

534........................ Identity cards.................................................................. 390

Division 3—Search warrants relating to breaches of the Spam Act 2003 or Part 21 of this Act           391

535........................ Magistrate may issue warrant......................................... 391

536........................ Reasonable grounds for issuing warrant etc................... 392

537........................ Contents of warrant........................................................ 392

538........................ Warrants may be issued by telephone etc........................ 392

539........................ Provisions relating to issue of warrant by telephone etc. 392

540........................ Proceedings involving warrant issued by telephone etc.. 394

Division 4—Searches and seizures relating to breaches of the Spam Act 2003 or Part 21 of this Act                                                                                                                    395

541........................ When is a thing connected with an offence?................... 395

541A..................... When is a thing connected with a breach of the Spam Act 2003?             395

542........................ Searches and seizures..................................................... 395

543........................ Production of identity card etc........................................ 396

544........................ Evidence of commission of other offences against Part 21 of this Act or other breaches of the Spam Act 2003........................................................................................ 397

545........................ Emergency entry, search and seizure.............................. 398

546........................ Retention of things seized............................................... 399

Division 5—Searches to monitor compliance with Part 21                  400

547........................ Searches to monitor compliance with Part 21................. 400

Division 5A—Searches to monitor compliance with the Spam Act 2003              401

547A..................... Powers available to inspectors for monitoring compliance 401

547B...................... Monitoring powers......................................................... 401

547C...................... Production of identity card etc........................................ 403

547D..................... Monitoring warrants....................................................... 403

547E...................... Details of warrant to be given to occupier etc................. 405

547F...................... Announcement before entry............................................ 405

547G..................... Compensation for damage to equipment......................... 405

547H..................... Occupier entitled to be present during search.................. 406

Division 5B—Access to computer data that is relevant to the Spam Act 2003 408

547J....................... Access to computer data that is relevant to the Spam Act 2003                408

Division 6—Other powers of inspectors                                                         410

548........................ General powers of inspectors......................................... 410

549........................ Power to require information etc..................................... 411

550........................ Retention of documents.................................................. 413

Division 7—Forfeiture                                                                                             414

551........................ Court may order forfeiture.............................................. 414

552........................ Forfeited goods may be sold........................................... 414

Division 8—Future offences                                                                                  415

553........................ Offences that are going to be committed......................... 415

Part 29—Review of decisions                                                                                      416

554........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 416

555........................ Decisions that may be subject to reconsideration by the ACMA             416

556........................ Deadlines for reaching certain decisions......................... 416

557........................ Statements to accompany notification of decisions......... 417

558........................ Applications for reconsideration of decisions................. 417

559........................ Reconsideration by the ACMA...................................... 418

560........................ Deadlines for reconsiderations........................................ 418

561........................ Statements to accompany notification of decisions on reconsideration     418

562........................ Review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal............ 419

Part 30—Injunctions                                                                                                        420

563........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 420

564........................ Injunctions...................................................................... 420

565........................ Interim injunctions.......................................................... 424

566........................ Discharge etc. of injunctions........................................... 425

567........................ Certain limits on granting injunctions not to apply.......... 425

568........................ Other powers of the court unaffected.............................. 426

Part 31—Civil penalties                                                                                                  427

569........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 427

570........................ Pecuniary penalties for contravention of civil penalty provisions             427

571........................ Civil action for recovery of pecuniary penalties.............. 429

572........................ Criminal proceedings not to be brought for contravention of civil penalty provisions             432

Part 31A—Enforceable undertakings                                                                   433

572A..................... Simplified outline............................................................ 433

572B...................... Acceptance of undertakings............................................ 433

572C...................... Enforcement of undertakings.......................................... 434

Part 31B—Infringement notices for contraventions of civil penalty provisions  436

572D..................... Simplified outline............................................................ 436

572E...................... When an infringement notice can be given...................... 436

572F...................... Matters to be included in an infringement notice............. 440

572G..................... Amount of penalty.......................................................... 442

572H..................... Withdrawal of an infringement notice............................. 442

572J....................... What happens if the penalty is paid................................. 443

572K...................... Effect of this Part on civil proceedings........................... 443

572L...................... Appointment of authorised infringement notice officer... 444

572M..................... Guidelines relating to infringement notices..................... 445

572N..................... Regulations..................................................................... 446

Part 32—Vicarious liability                                                                                          447

573........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 447

574........................ Proceedings under this Act............................................. 447

574A..................... Definition........................................................................ 447

575........................ Liability of corporations.................................................. 448

576........................ Liability of persons other than corporations.................... 449

Part 33—Voluntary undertakings given by Telstra                                     451

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        451

577........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 451

Division 2—Structural separation                                                                     452

Subdivision A—Undertaking about structural separation                          452

577A..................... Acceptance of undertaking about structural separation... 452

577AA.................. Acceptance of undertaking about structural separation may be subject to the occurrence of events         457

577AB................... When undertaking about structural separation comes into force               459

577AC................... Publication requirements for undertaking about structural separation      460

577AD.................. Compliance with undertaking about structural separation 461

577B...................... Variation of undertaking about structural separation....... 461

577BA................... Authorised conduct—subsection 51(1) of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010              462

Subdivision B—Migration plan                                                                          471

577BB................... Migration plan principles................................................ 471

577BC................... Migration plan................................................................ 471

577BD................... Approval of draft migration plan by the ACCC—plan given after undertaking about structural separation comes into force.............................................................. 474

577BDA................ Approval of draft migration plan by the ACCC—plan given before undertaking about structural separation comes into force.............................................................. 475

577BDB................ Approval of draft migration plan by the ACCC—plan given in compliance with a direction   477

577BDC................ Approval of draft migration plan by the ACCC—plan given in response to a request             479

577BE................... Effect of approval of draft migration plan....................... 480

577BF................... Variation of final migration plan..................................... 481

Division 3—Hybrid fibre‑coaxial networks                                                  483

577C...................... Acceptance of undertaking about hybrid fibre‑coaxial networks              483

577CA................... Acceptance of undertaking about hybrid fibre‑coaxial networks may be subject to the occurrence of events........................................................................................ 484

577CB................... When undertaking about hybrid fibre‑coaxial networks comes into force                486

577CC................... Publication requirements for undertaking about hybrid fibre‑coaxial networks       487

577CD................... Compliance with undertaking about hybrid fibre‑coaxial networks         488

577D..................... Variation of undertaking about hybrid fibre‑coaxial networks 488

Division 4—Subscription television broadcasting licences                   490

577E...................... Acceptance of undertaking about subscription television broadcasting licences       490

577EA................... Acceptance of undertaking about subscription television broadcasting licences may be subject to the occurrence of events....................................................... 491

577EB................... When undertaking about subscription television broadcasting licences comes into force         493

577EC................... Publication requirements for undertaking about subscription television broadcasting licences                494

577ED................... Compliance with undertaking about subscription television broadcasting licences  495

577F...................... Variation of undertaking about subscription television broadcasting licences          495

Division 5—Enforcement of undertakings                                                    497

577G..................... Enforcement of undertakings.......................................... 497

Division 6—Limits on allocation of spectrum licences etc.                   499

577GA.................. Excluded spectrum regime.............................................. 499

577H..................... Designated part of the spectrum...................................... 499

577J....................... Limits on allocation of certain spectrum licences to Telstra 499

577K...................... Limits on use of certain spectrum licences by Telstra..... 502

577L...................... Limits on assignment of certain spectrum licences to Telstra etc.             504

Division 7—Other provisions                                                                               506

577M..................... Associate........................................................................ 506

577N..................... Control............................................................................ 507

577P...................... Control of a company..................................................... 507

577Q..................... When Telstra is in a position to exercise control of a network 507

Part 34—Special provisions relating to conventions and directions    510

579........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 510

580........................ ACMA must have regard to conventions....................... 510

581........................ Power to give directions to carriers and service providers 511

Part 34A—Telstra successor companies and designated Telstra successor companies   513

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        513

581A..................... Simplified outline of this Part......................................... 513

581B...................... Object of this Part........................................................... 514

581C...................... Company........................................................................ 514

581D..................... Telecommunications law................................................. 514

581E...................... Prescribed telecommunications law................................ 514

Division 2—Telstra successor company and designated Telstra successor company    516

581F...................... Telstra successor company............................................. 516

581G..................... Designated Telstra successor company........................... 518

581H..................... Declarations—criteria..................................................... 519

581J....................... Demerged Telstra company............................................ 520

581K...................... ACMA to maintain register of Telstra successor companies and designated Telstra successor companies etc......................................................................................... 521

Division 3—Transfer of business                                                                        523

581L...................... Telecommunications business......................................... 523

581M..................... Notification of transfer of telecommunications business. 523

581MA.................. Notification of proposed transfer of prescribed business 525

Division 4—Transfer of assets                                                                             526

581N..................... Telecommunications asset............................................... 526

581P...................... Notification of transfer of telecommunications asset....... 526

581PA................... Notification of proposed transfer of prescribed asset...... 527

581Q..................... Transfer of an asset......................................................... 528

Division 5—Consultation relating to declarations                                    530

581R...................... Consultation relating to declarations............................... 530

Division 6—Directions                                                                                             531

581TA................... Facilitation of compliance with a direction given by the ACMA              531

581TB................... Facilitation of obligations imposed on a named designated Telstra successor company           533

Division 7—Transitional                                                                                         535

581U..................... Transitional—references in legislation to Telstra Infraco Limited            535

Part 34B—Access to supplementary facilities and telecommunications transmission towers     536

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        536

581V..................... Simplified outline of this Part......................................... 536

581W..................... Carrier company group................................................... 536

581X..................... Eligible company............................................................ 537

581XA.................. Deemed bodies corporate................................................ 537

Division 2—Access to supplementary facilities                                           539

581Y..................... Access to supplementary facilities.................................. 539

581Z...................... Terms and conditions of access...................................... 541

581ZA................... Ministerial pricing determinations................................... 543

Division 3—Access to telecommunications transmission towers       544

581ZB................... Definitions...................................................................... 544

581ZC................... Extended meaning of access........................................... 544

581ZD................... Access to telecommunications transmission towers........ 544

581ZE.................... Terms and conditions of access...................................... 547

581ZF.................... Code relating to access.................................................... 548

581ZG................... This Division does not limit Division 2.......................... 548

Division 4—Review of corporate control percentage                             549

581ZH................... Review of corporate control percentage.......................... 549

Part 35—Miscellaneous                                                                                                  550

582........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 550

583........................ Penalties for certain continuing offences......................... 551

584........................ Procedure relating to certain continuing offences............ 552

585........................ Treatment of partnerships............................................... 552

586........................ Giving of documents to partnerships.............................. 553

587........................ Nomination of address for service of documents............ 553

588........................ Service of summons or process on foreign corporations—criminal proceedings     554

589........................ Instruments under this Act may provide for matters by reference to other instruments            555

590........................ Arbitration—acquisition of property............................... 556

591........................ Compensation—constitutional safety net........................ 557

592........................ Act not to affect performance of State or Territory functions 558

593........................ Funding of consumer representation, and of research, in relation to telecommunications        558

593A..................... Removal of Optus Networks’ tax losses........................ 559

594........................ Regulations..................................................................... 560


Part 14National interest matters

Division 1Simplified outline

311  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•    The ACMA, carriers and carriage service providers must do their best to prevent telecommunications networks and facilities from being used to commit offences.

•    Carriers and carriage service providers have a duty to do their best to protect telecommunications networks and facilities from unauthorised interference, or unauthorised access, for the purposes of security. Carriers and certain carriage service providers must notify changes to telecommunications services or telecommunications systems that are likely to have a material adverse effect on their capacity to comply with this duty.

•    The ACMA, carriers and carriage service providers must give the authorities such help as is reasonably necessary for the purposes of:

     (a)        enforcing the criminal law and laws imposing pecuniary penalties; and

     (b)        protecting the public revenue; and

     (c)        safeguarding national security.

•    A carriage service provider may suspend the supply of a carriage service in an emergency if requested to do so by a senior police officer.

•    The Home Affairs Minister may give directions to a carrier or a carriage service provider in certain circumstances where certain activities may be prejudicial to security.

•    The Home Affairs Secretary may obtain information from carriers, carriage service providers and carriage service intermediaries if the information is relevant to assessing compliance with the duty of those persons to protect telecommunications networks and facilities from unauthorised interference or unauthorised access.

Division 2Obligations of ACMA and carriers and carriage service providers

312  ACMA’s obligations

             (1)  The ACMA must, in performing its telecommunications functions or exercising its telecommunications powers, do its best to prevent:

                     (a)  telecommunications networks; and

                     (b)  facilities;

from being used in, or in relation to, the commission of offences against the laws of the Commonwealth and of the States and Territories.

             (2)  The ACMA must, in performing its telecommunications functions or exercising its telecommunications powers, give officers and authorities of the Commonwealth and of the States and Territories such help as is reasonably necessary for the following purposes:

                     (a)  enforcing the criminal law and laws imposing pecuniary penalties;

                     (b)  protecting the public revenue;

                     (c)  safeguarding national security.

             (3)  The ACMA is not liable to an action or other proceeding for damages for or in relation to an act done or omitted in good faith in performance of the duty imposed by subsection (1) or (2).

             (4)  An officer, employee or agent of the ACMA is not liable to an action or other proceeding for damages for or in relation to an act done or omitted in good faith in connection with an act done or omitted by the ACMA as mentioned in subsection (3).

313  Obligations of carriers and carriage service providers

             (1)  A carrier or carriage service provider must, in connection with:

                     (a)  the operation by the carrier or provider of telecommunications networks or facilities; or

                     (b)  the supply by the carrier or provider of carriage services;

do the carrier’s best or the provider’s best to prevent telecommunications networks and facilities from being used in, or in relation to, the commission of offences against the laws of the Commonwealth or of the States and Territories.

          (1A)  For the purposes of security (within the meaning of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979), a carrier or carriage service provider must, in connection with:

                     (a)  the operation by the carrier or provider of telecommunications networks or facilities; or

                     (b)  the supply by the carrier or provider of carriage services;

do the carrier’s best or the provider’s best to protect telecommunications networks and facilities owned, operated or used by the carrier or provider from unauthorised interference or unauthorised access to ensure:

                     (c)  the confidentiality of communications carried on, and of information contained on, telecommunications networks or facilities; and

                     (d)  the availability and integrity of telecommunications networks and facilities.

Note 1:       Security, among other things, covers the protection of, and of the people of, the Commonwealth and the States and Territories from espionage, sabotage, attacks on Australia’s defence system and acts of foreign interference.

Note 2:       A person who uses a carriage service to supply various kinds of broadcasting services is not a carriage service provider merely because of that use (and therefore not subject to the duty imposed by this subsection): see subsections 87(1) and (2) and 93(1) and (2).

          (1B)  Without limiting subsection (1A), the duty imposed by that subsection includes the requirement for the carrier or carriage service provider to maintain competent supervision of, and effective control over, telecommunications networks and facilities owned or operated by the carrier or provider.

             (2)  A carriage service intermediary must do the intermediary’s best to prevent telecommunications networks and facilities from being used in, or in relation to, the commission of offences against the laws of the Commonwealth or of the States and Territories.

          (2A)  For the purposes of security (within the meaning of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979), a carriage service intermediary must do the intermediary’s best to protect telecommunications networks and facilities used to supply the carriage service referred to in subsection 87(5) from unauthorised interference or unauthorised access to ensure:

                     (a)  the confidentiality of communications carried on, and of information contained on, telecommunications networks or facilities; and

                     (b)  the availability and integrity of telecommunications networks and facilities.

Note:          Security, among other things, covers the protection of, and of the people of, the Commonwealth and the States and Territories from espionage, sabotage, attacks on Australia’s defence system and acts of foreign interference.

             (3)  A carrier or carriage service provider must, in connection with:

                     (a)  the operation by the carrier or provider of telecommunications networks or facilities; or

                     (b)  the supply by the carrier or provider of carriage services;

give officers and authorities of the Commonwealth and of the States and Territories such help as is reasonably necessary for the following purposes:

                     (c)  enforcing the criminal law and laws imposing pecuniary penalties;

                    (ca)  assisting the enforcement of the criminal laws in force in a foreign country;

                   (cb)  assisting the investigation and prosecution of:

                              (i)  crimes within the jurisdiction of the ICC (within the meaning of the International Criminal Court Act 2002); and

                             (ii)  Tribunal offences (within the meaning of the International War Crimes Tribunals Act 1995);

                     (d)  protecting the public revenue;

                     (e)  safeguarding national security.

Note:          Section 314 deals with the terms and conditions on which such help is to be provided.

             (4)  A carriage service intermediary who arranges for the supply by a carriage service provider of carriage services must, in connection with:

                     (a)  the operation by the provider of telecommunications networks or facilities; or

                     (b)  the supply by the provider of carriage services;

give officers and authorities of the Commonwealth and of the States and Territories such help as is reasonably necessary for the following purposes:

                     (c)  enforcing the criminal law and laws imposing pecuniary penalties;

                    (ca)  assisting the enforcement of the criminal laws in force in a foreign country;

                   (cb)  assisting the investigation and prosecution of:

                              (i)  crimes within the jurisdiction of the ICC (within the meaning of the International Criminal Court Act 2002); and

                             (ii)  Tribunal offences (within the meaning of the International War Crimes Tribunals Act 1995);

                     (d)  protecting the public revenue;

                     (e)  safeguarding national security.

Note:          Section 314 deals with the terms and conditions on which such help is to be provided.

          (4A)  A carrier or carriage service provider must, in connection with:

                     (a)  the operation by the carrier or provider of telecommunications networks or facilities; or

                     (b)  the supply by the carrier or provider of carriage services;

give officers and authorities of the Commonwealth and of the States and Territories such help as is reasonably necessary for the following purposes:

                     (c)  if a national emergency declaration (within the meaning of the National Emergency Declaration Act 2020) is in force—preparing for, responding to or recovering from an emergency to which the declaration relates;

                     (d)  preparing for, responding to or recovering from a disaster or emergency that has been declared to be a disaster or a state of emergency (as the case may be) by or with the approval of a Minister of a State or Territory under the law of the State or Territory;

                     (e)  if a declaration made for the purpose of subsection (4D) is in force—preparing for, responding to or recovering from an emergency to which the declaration relates.

Note:          Section 314 deals with the terms and conditions on which such help is to be provided.

          (4B)  A carriage service intermediary who arranges for the supply by a carriage service provider of carriage services must, in connection with:

                     (a)  the operation by the provider of telecommunications networks or facilities; or

                     (b)  the supply by the provider of carriage services;

give officers and authorities of the Commonwealth and of the States and Territories such help as is reasonably necessary for the following purposes:

                     (c)  if a national emergency declaration (within the meaning of the National Emergency Declaration Act 2020) is in force—preparing for, responding to or recovering from an emergency to which the declaration relates;

                     (d)  preparing for, responding to or recovering from a disaster or emergency that has been declared to be a disaster or a state of emergency (as the case may be) by or with the approval of a Minister of a State or Territory under the law of the State or Territory;

                     (e)  if a declaration made for the purpose of subsection (4D) is in force—preparing for, responding to or recovering from an emergency to which the declaration relates.

Note:          Section 314 deals with the terms and conditions on which such help is to be provided.

          (4C)  Subsections (4A) and (4B) do not limit subsection (3) or (4).

          (4D)  The Minister may, in writing, declare that an emergency exists for the purposes of this subsection.

          (4E)  The Minister must publish, by electronic or other means, a copy of the declaration made under subsection (4D) as soon as practicable after making the declaration.

           (4F)  A declaration made under subsection (4D) is a legislative instrument, but section 42 (disallowance) of the Legislation Act 2003 does not apply to the declaration.

          (4G)  In requiring help for the purposes of subsection (4A) or (4B), the officer or authority of the Commonwealth, State or Territory making the requirement must have regard to any guidelines in force under subsection (4H).

          (4H)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, formulate guidelines for the purposes of subsection (4G).

             (5)  A carrier or carriage service provider is not liable to an action or other proceeding for damages for or in relation to an act done or omitted in good faith:

                     (a)  in performance of the duty imposed by subsection (1), (1A), (2), (2A), (3) or (4); or

                     (b)  in compliance with a direction that the ACMA gives in good faith in performance of its duties under section 312; or

                     (c)  in compliance with a direction given under subsection 315A(1) or 315B(2).

             (6)  An officer, employee or agent of a carrier or of a carriage service provider is not liable to an action or other proceeding for damages for or in relation to an act done or omitted in good faith in connection with an act done or omitted by the carrier or provider as mentioned in subsection (5).

             (7)  A reference in this section to giving help includes a reference to giving help by way of:

                     (a)  the provision of interception services, including services in executing an interception warrant under the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979; or

                     (b)  giving effect to a stored communications warrant under that Act; or

                     (c)  providing relevant information about:

                              (i)  any communication that is lawfully intercepted under such an interception warrant; or

                             (ii)  any communication that is lawfully accessed under such a stored communications warrant; or

                  (caa)  giving effect to authorisations under section 31A of that Act; or

                    (ca)  complying with a domestic preservation notice or a foreign preservation notice that is in force under Part 3‑1A of that Act; or

                     (d)  giving effect to authorisations under Division 3 or 4 of Part 4‑1 of that Act; or

                     (e)  disclosing information or a document in accordance with section 280 of this Act.

Note:          Additional obligations concerning interception capability and delivery capability are, or may be, imposed on a carrier or carriage service provider under Chapter 5 of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979.

314  Terms and conditions on which help is to be given

             (1)  This section applies if a person is required to give help to an officer or authority of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory as mentioned in subsection 313(3), (4), (4A) or (4B).

             (2)  The person must comply with the requirement on the basis that the person neither profits from, nor bears the costs of, giving that help.

             (3)  The person must comply with the requirement on such terms and conditions as are:

                     (a)  agreed between the following parties:

                              (i)  the person;

                             (ii)  the Commonwealth, the State or the Territory, as the case may be; or

                     (b)  failing agreement, determined by an arbitrator appointed by the parties.

If the parties fail to agree on the appointment of an arbitrator, the ACMA is to appoint the arbitrator.

             (4)  An arbitrator appointed by the ACMA under subsection (3) must be a person specified in a written determination made by the Minister.

Note:          A person may be specified by name, by inclusion in a specified class or in any other way.

             (5)  Before making a determination under subsection (4), the Minister must consult the Attorney‑General.

             (6)  If an arbitration under this section is conducted by an arbitrator appointed by the ACMA, the cost of the arbitration must be apportioned equally between the parties.

             (7)  The regulations may make provision for and in relation to the conduct of an arbitration under this section.

             (8)  This section does not apply in relation to the obligation of carriers or carriage service providers under Part 5‑1A, 5‑3 or 5‑5 of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979 (about data retention, interception capability and delivery capability).

Note:          Part 5‑6 of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979 contains provisions about the allocation of costs in relation to interception capability and delivery capability.

Division 3Notification of changes to telecommunications services or telecommunications systems relating to obligation under subsection 313(1A) or (2A)

Subdivision AIndividual notifications

314A  Individual notifications

             (1)  This section applies if, at any time, a carrier or a nominated carriage service provider becomes aware that the implementation by the carrier or provider of a change that is proposed to a telecommunications service or a telecommunications system is likely to have a material adverse effect on the capacity of the carrier or provider to comply with its obligations under subsection 313(1A) or (2A).

Kinds of changes

             (2)  A change to a telecommunications service or a telecommunications system includes (but is not limited to) the following:

                     (a)  the carrier or carriage service provider providing one or more new telecommunication services;

                     (b)  the carrier or carriage service provider changing the location of notifiable equipment (including moving equipment outside Australia);

                     (c)  the carrier or carriage service provider procuring notifiable equipment (including procuring equipment that is located outside Australia);

                     (d)  the carrier or carriage service provider entering into outsourcing arrangements:

                              (i)  to have all or part of the telecommunication services provided for the carrier or provider; or

                             (ii)  to have all or part of the provision of telecommunication services managed for the carrier or provider; or

                            (iii)  to have all or some information to which section 276 applies in relation to the carrier or provider, managed for the carrier or provider;

                     (e)  the carrier or carriage service provider entering into arrangements to have all or some information to which section 276 applies in relation to the carrier or provider accessed by persons outside Australia;

                      (f)  the carrier or carriage service provider entering into arrangements to have all or some information or documents to which subsection 187A(1) of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979 applies in relation to the carrier or provider kept outside Australia.

          (2A)  Subsection (1) does not apply to changes to a telecommunications service or a telecommunications system that are changes determined in an instrument under subsection (2B).

          (2B)  The Communications Access Co‑ordinator may, by legislative instrument, make a determination for the purposes of subsection (2A).

Note:          For variation and revocation, see subsection 33(3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

Notification of change

             (3)  The carrier or provider must notify the Communications Access Co‑ordinator, in writing, of its intention to implement the proposed change. The notification must include a description of the proposed change.

Exemptions

             (4)  The Communications Access Co‑ordinator may, by notice in writing given to a carrier or a nominated carriage service provider, exempt the carrier or provider from the operation of this section.

Note:          For revocation, see subsection 33(3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (5)  The Communications Access Co‑ordinator may, by notice in writing given to a carrier or a nominated carriage service provider, exempt the carrier or provider from the operation of this section in relation to changes specified in the notice.

Note:          For variation and revocation, see subsection 33(3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

          (5A)  The Communications Access Co‑ordinator may grant an exemption under subsection (4) or (5) on his or her own initiative or on written application by a carrier or a nominated carriage service provider.

          (5B)  If a carrier or a nominated carriage service provider makes such an application, the Communications Access Co‑ordinator must, within 60 days of receiving the application, either:

                     (a)  give the carrier or provider an exemption under subsection (4) or (5); or

                     (b)  give the carrier or provider a notice in writing refusing the application, including setting out the reasons for the refusal.

          (5C)  Applications may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of a decision of the Communications Access Co‑ordinator under paragraph (5B)(b) to refuse an application.

             (6)  An exemption under subsection (4) or (5) has effect accordingly.

          (6A)  An exemption under subsection (4) or (5) may specify the period during which it is to remain in force. The exemption remains in force for that period unless it is revoked earlier or it ceases to be in force as mentioned in subsection (6B).

          (6B)  An exemption under subsection (4) or (5) may be given subject to conditions specified in the exemption. The exemption ceases to be in force if the carrier or nominated carriage service provider breaches a condition.

             (7)  An exemption under subsection (4) or (5) is not a legislative instrument.

314B  Assessment of proposed change

Further information

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  under subsection 314A(3), a carrier or a nominated carriage service provider notifies the Communications Access Co‑ordinator of a proposed change; and

                     (b)  the Co‑ordinator considers that further information, in relation to the proposed change, is required for the Co‑ordinator to assess whether there is a risk of unauthorised interference with, or unauthorised access to, telecommunications networks or facilities that would be prejudicial to security;

the Co‑ordinator may, by notice in writing given to the carrier or provider, set out the further information the Co‑ordinator requires.

             (2)  A notice under subsection (1) must be given to the carrier or provider within 30 days of the notification of the proposed change to the Communications Access Co‑ordinator.

Assessment of proposed change

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  the Communications Access Co‑ordinator considers a proposed change notified under subsection 314A(3) (including a proposed change where further information is provided as mentioned in this section); and

                     (b)  in relation to the proposed change, the Co‑ordinator is satisfied that there is a risk of unauthorised interference with, or unauthorised access to, telecommunications networks or facilities that would be prejudicial to security;

the Co‑ordinator must give a written notice to the carrier or provider:

                     (c)  advising the carrier or provider of that risk; and

                     (d)  setting out the duty imposed by subsection 313(1A) or (2A); and

                     (e)  setting out the consequences for the carrier or provider for not complying with that duty.

             (4)  A notice under subsection (3) may also set out the measures the Communications Access Co‑ordinator considers the carrier or provider could adopt to eliminate or reduce the risk referred to in subsection (3).

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  the Communications Access Co‑ordinator considers a proposed change notified under subsection 314A(3) (including a proposed change where further information is provided as mentioned in this section); and

                     (b)  in relation to the proposed change, the Co‑ordinator is satisfied that there is not a risk of unauthorised interference with, or unauthorised access to, telecommunications networks or facilities that would be prejudicial to security;

the Co‑ordinator must give a written notice to the carrier or provider to that effect.

             (6)  In response to a proposed change notified to the Communications Access Co‑ordinator under subsection 314A(3), a notice must be given to the carrier or provider:

                     (a)  within 30 days of the notification; or

                     (b)  if under subsection (1) the Communications Access Co‑ordinator sought further information from the carrier or provider—as soon as practicable and no later than 30 days after the carrier or provider gave that further information.

The notice must be a notice under subsection (3) or (5).

Definitions

             (7)  In this section:

security has the same meaning as in the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979.

Subdivision BSecurity capability plans

314C  Security capability plans

             (1)  A carrier or a nominated carriage service provider may give the Communications Access Co‑ordinator a written instrument (a security capability plan) under this section.

             (2)  A security capability plan may set out one or more changes to a telecommunications service or a telecommunications system the carrier or provider proposes to implement in the future that are likely to have a material adverse effect on the capacity of the carrier or provider to comply with its obligations under subsection 313(1A) or (2A).

             (3)  A security capability plan may set out the time each of the changes is proposed to be implemented.

Kinds of changes

             (4)  For the purposes of subsection (2), a change to a telecommunications service or a telecommunications system includes (but is not limited to):

                     (a)  changes referred to in subsection 314A(2); and

                     (b)  changes determined in an instrument under subsection (5) of this section.

             (5)  The Communications Access Co‑ordinator may, by legislative instrument, determine changes for the purposes of paragraph (4)(b).

Other matters plan may include

             (6)  A security capability plan may set out the carrier’s or provider’s practices, policies or strategies to comply with its obligations under subsection 313(1A) or (2A).

             (7)  A security capability plan may set out the measures the carrier or provider is implementing, or proposing to implement, to mitigate the risk of unauthorised interference with, or unauthorised access to, telecommunications networks or facilities.

One instrument each 12‑month period

             (8)  A carrier or a nominated carriage service provider cannot give more than one instrument under this section in any 12‑month period.

314D  Assessment of security capability plan

Further information

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a carrier or a nominated carriage service provider gives the Communications Access Co‑ordinator a security capability plan setting out one or more proposed changes mentioned in subsection 314C(2); and

                     (b)  the Co‑ordinator considers that further information, in relation to a particular proposed change, is required for the Co‑ordinator to assess whether there is a risk of unauthorised interference with, or unauthorised access to, telecommunications networks or facilities that would be prejudicial to security;

the Co‑ordinator may, by notice in writing given to the carrier or provider, set out the further information the Co‑ordinator requires.

             (2)  A notice under subsection (1) must be given to the carrier or provider within 60 days of the plan being given to the Communications Access Co‑ordinator.

Assessment of proposed change

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  the Communications Access Co‑ordinator considers a particular proposed change mentioned in subsection 314C(2) that is set out in a security capability plan (including a proposed change where further information is provided as mentioned in this section); and

                     (b)  in relation to the proposed change, the Co‑ordinator is satisfied that there is a risk of unauthorised interference with, or unauthorised access to, telecommunications networks or facilities that would be prejudicial to security;

the Co‑ordinator must give a written notice to the carrier or provider:

                     (c)  advising the carrier or provider of that risk; and

                     (d)  setting out the duty imposed by subsection 313(1A) or (2A); and

                     (e)  setting out the consequences for the carrier or provider for not complying with that duty.

             (4)  A notice under subsection (3) may also set out the measures the Communications Access Co‑ordinator considers the carrier or provider could adopt to eliminate or reduce the risk referred to in subsection (3).

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  the Communications Access Co‑ordinator considers a particular proposed change mentioned in subsection 314C(2) that is set out in a security capability plan (including a proposed change where further information is provided as mentioned in this section); and

                     (b)  in relation to the proposed change, the Co‑ordinator is satisfied that there is not a risk of unauthorised interference with, or unauthorised access to, telecommunications networks or facilities that would be prejudicial to security;

the Co‑ordinator must give a written notice to the carrier or provider to that effect.

             (6)  In response to a proposed change mentioned in subsection 314C(2) that is set out in a security capability plan, a notice must be given to the carrier or provider:

                     (a)  within 60 days of the plan being given to the Communications Access Co‑ordinator; or

                     (b)  if under subsection (1) the Communications Access Co‑ordinator sought further information from the carrier or provider—as soon as practicable and no later than 60 days after the carrier or provider gave that further information.

The notice must be a notice under subsection (3) or (5) and may relate to one or more such changes.

Definitions

             (7)  In this section:

security has the same meaning as in the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979.

314E  Relationship with section 314A

Dual notifications not required

             (1)  If, under section 314C, a carrier or a nominated carriage service provider has given a security capability plan setting out one or more proposed changes mentioned in subsection 314C(2), the carrier or provider is not required to notify those proposed changes under section 314A.

Certain modifications to changes are changes in their own right

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  under section 314C, a carrier or a nominated carriage service provider has given a security capability plan setting out one or more proposed changes mentioned in subsection 314C(2); and

                     (b)  the carrier or provider becomes aware that the implementation by the carrier or provider of any modification to such a proposed change is likely to have a material adverse effect on the capacity of the carrier or provider to comply with its obligations under subsection 313(1A) or (2A);

then section 314A applies in relation to the modification as if the modification were a change in its own right.

Division 4Carriage service provider may suspend supply of carriage service in an emergency

315  Suspension of supply of carriage service in an emergency

             (1)  If a senior officer of a police force or service has reasonable grounds to believe that:

                     (a)  an individual has access to a particular carriage service; and

                     (b)  the individual has:

                              (i)  done an act that has resulted, or is likely to result, in loss of life or in the infliction of serious personal injury; or

                             (ii)  made an imminent threat to kill, or seriously injure, another person; or

                            (iii)  made an imminent threat to cause serious damage to property; or

                            (iv)  made an imminent threat to take the individual’s own life; or

                             (v)  made an imminent threat to do an act that will, or is likely to, endanger the individual’s own life or create a serious threat to the individual’s health or safety; and

                     (c)  the suspension of the supply of the carriage service is reasonably necessary to:

                              (i)  prevent a recurrence of the act mentioned in subparagraph (b)(i); or

                             (ii)  prevent or reduce the likelihood of the carrying out of a threat mentioned in subparagraph (b)(ii), (iii), (iv) or (v);

the officer may request a carriage service provider to suspend the supply of the carriage service.

             (2)  The carriage service provider may comply with the request.

             (3)  This section does not, by implication, limit any other powers that the provider may have to suspend the supply of the carriage service.

          (3A)  The provider is not liable to an action or other proceeding for damages for or in relation to an act done or omitted in good faith in compliance with the request.

          (3B)  An officer, employee or agent of the provider is not liable to an action or other proceeding for damages for or in relation to an act done or omitted in good faith in connection with an act done or omitted by the provider as mentioned in subsection (3A).

             (4)  In this section:

senior officer, in relation to a police force or service, means a commissioned officer of the force or service who holds a rank not lower than the rank of Assistant Commissioner.

Division 5Directions by Home Affairs Minister

315A  Direction if use or supply of carriage services prejudicial to security

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person who is a carrier or carriage service provider proposes to use, or uses, for the person’s own requirements or benefit, or proposes to supply, or supplies, to another person, one or more carriage services; and

                     (b)  the Home Affairs Minister, after consulting the Prime Minister and the Minister administering this Act, considers that the proposed use or supply would be, or the use or supply is, as the case may be, prejudicial to security;

the Home Affairs Minister may give the carrier or carriage service provider a written direction not to use or supply, or to cease using or supplying, the carriage service or the carriage services.

             (2)  A direction under subsection (1) must relate to a carriage service generally and cannot be expressed to apply to the supply of a carriage service to a particular person, particular persons or a particular class of persons.

Direction to be given after adverse security assessment

             (3)  The Home Affairs Minister must not give a carrier or carriage service provider a direction under subsection (1) unless an adverse security assessment in respect of the carrier or carriage service provider is given to the Home Affairs Minister in connection with this section.

Copy of direction to be given to ACMA

             (4)  The Home Affairs Minister must give the ACMA a copy of any direction under subsection (1).

Compliance with direction

             (5)  A person must comply with a direction given to the person under subsection (1).

Definitions

             (6)  In this section:

security has the same meaning as in the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979.

315B  Direction if risk of unauthorised interference or access involving telecommunications networks or facilities

             (1)  This section applies if, in connection with:

                     (a)  the operation by a carrier or carriage service provider of telecommunications networks or facilities; or

                     (b)  the supply by a carrier or carriage service provider of a carriage service; or

                     (c)  the supply by a carriage service provider of a carriage service, being a supply arranged by a carriage service intermediary;

the Home Affairs Minister is satisfied that there is a risk of unauthorised interference with, or unauthorised access to, telecommunications networks or facilities that would be prejudicial to security.

             (2)  The Home Affairs Minister may give a carrier, carriage service provider or carriage service intermediary a written direction requiring the carrier, provider or intermediary to do, or to refrain from doing, a specified act or thing within the period specified in the direction.

             (3)  A direction under subsection (2) may be given only if the Home Affairs Minister is satisfied that requiring the carrier, carriage service provider or carriage service intermediary to do, or to refrain from doing, the specified act or thing is reasonably necessary for purposes relating to eliminating or reducing the risk referred to in subsection (1).

Direction to be given after adverse security assessment

             (4)  The Home Affairs Minister must not give a carrier, carriage service provider or carriage service intermediary a direction under subsection (2) unless an adverse security assessment in respect of the carrier, provider or intermediary is given to the Home Affairs Minister in connection with this section.

Direction to be given after negotiations in good faith

             (5)  The Home Affairs Minister must not give a carrier, carriage service provider or carriage service intermediary a direction under subsection (2) unless the Home Affairs Minister is satisfied that reasonable steps have been taken to negotiate in good faith with the carrier, provider or intermediary to achieve an outcome of eliminating or reducing the risk referred to in subsection (1).

Matters to which regard must be had before giving direction

             (6)  Before giving a carrier, carriage service provider or carriage service intermediary a direction under subsection (2), the Home Affairs Minister must have regard to the following matters:

                     (a)  the adverse security assessment mentioned in subsection (4);

                     (b)  the costs, in complying with any direction, that would be likely to be incurred by the carrier, provider or intermediary;

                     (c)  the potential consequences that any direction may have on competition in the telecommunications industry;

                     (d)  the potential consequences that any direction may have on customers of the carrier, provider or intermediary.

The Home Affairs Minister must give the greatest weight to the matter mentioned in paragraph (a).

             (7)  Subsection (6) does not limit the matters to which regard may be had.

Consultation

             (8)  Before giving a carrier, carriage service provider or carriage service intermediary a direction under subsection (2), the Home Affairs Minister must:

                     (a)  consult the Minister administering this Act; and

                     (b)  do the following:

                              (i)  by written notice, given to the carrier, provider or intermediary, set out the proposed direction;

                             (ii)  in that notice, invite the carrier, provider or intermediary to make written representations to the Home Affairs Minister in relation to the proposed direction within the period specified in the notice;

                            (iii)  have regard to any such representations made within that period.

             (9)  For the purposes of subparagraph (8)(b)(ii), the period to be specified in the notice must be at least 28 days after the notice is given. However, the Home Affairs Minister may specify a shorter period if the Home Affairs Minister considers it necessary to do so because of urgent circumstances.

           (10)  Subsection (8) does not limit the persons with whom the Home Affairs Minister may consult.

Copy of direction to be given to ACMA

           (11)  The Home Affairs Minister must give the ACMA a copy of any direction under subsection (2).

Compliance with direction

           (12)  A person must comply with a direction given to the person under subsection (2).

Definitions

           (13)  In this section:

security has the same meaning as in the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979.

Division 6Home Affairs Secretary’s information‑gathering powers

315C  Home Affairs Secretary may obtain information and documents from carriers and carriage service providers

             (1)  This section applies to a carrier, carriage service provider or carriage service intermediary if the Home Affairs Secretary has reason to believe that the carrier, provider or intermediary has information or a document that is relevant to assessing compliance with the duty imposed by subsection 313(1A) or (2A).

             (2)  The Home Affairs Secretary may, by written notice given to the carrier, provider or intermediary, require the carrier, provider or intermediary:

                     (a)  to give to that Secretary, within the period and in the manner and form specified in the notice, any such information; or

                     (b)  to produce to that Secretary, within the period and in the manner specified in the notice, any such documents; or

                     (c)  to make copies of any such documents and to produce to that Secretary, within the period and in the manner specified in the notice, those copies.

             (3)  The carrier, provider or intermediary must comply with a requirement under subsection (2).

Matters to which regard must be had before giving notice

             (4)  Before giving a carrier, carriage service provider or carriage service intermediary a notice under subsection (2), the Home Affairs Secretary must have regard to the costs, in complying with any requirement in the notice, that would be likely to be incurred by the carrier, provider or intermediary.

             (5)  Subsection (4) does not limit the matters to which regard may be had.

Content of notice

             (6)  A notice given to a carrier under this section must set out the effect of the following provisions:

                     (a)  subsection (3);

                     (b)  section 68;

                     (c)  section 570;

                     (d)  Part 1 of Schedule 1;

                     (e)  sections 137.1 and 137.2 of the Criminal Code (false or misleading information or documents).

             (7)  A notice given to a carriage service provider or carriage service intermediary under this section must set out the effect of the following provisions:

                     (a)  subsection (3);

                     (b)  section 101;

                     (c)  section 570;

                     (d)  Part 1 of Schedule 2;

                     (e)  sections 137.1 and 137.2 of the Criminal Code (false or misleading information or documents).

Copying documents—reasonable compensation

             (8)  A carrier, carriage service provider or carriage service intermediary is entitled to be paid by the Commonwealth reasonable compensation for complying with a requirement covered by paragraph (2)(c).

315D  Self‑incrimination

             (1)  A person is not excused from giving information or producing a document or a copy of a document under section 315C on the ground that the information or the production of the document or copy might tend to incriminate the person or expose the person to a penalty.

             (2)  However, in the case of an individual:

                     (a)  the information given or the document or copy produced; or

                     (b)  giving the information or producing the document or copy; or

                     (c)  any information, document or thing obtained as a direct or indirect consequence of giving the information or producing the document or copy;

is not admissible in evidence against the individual:

                     (d)  in criminal proceedings other than proceedings for an offence against section 137.1 or 137.2 of the Criminal Code that relates to this Division; or

                     (e)  in civil proceedings other than proceedings under section 570 for recovery of a penalty in relation to a contravention of subsection 315C(3).

315E  Copies of documents

             (1)  The Home Affairs Secretary may inspect a document or copy produced under section 315C and may make and retain copies of such a document.

             (2)  The Home Affairs Secretary may retain possession of a copy of a document produced in accordance with a requirement covered by paragraph 315C(2)(c).

315F  Retention of documents

             (1)  The Home Affairs Secretary may take, and retain for as long as is necessary, possession of a document produced under section 315C.

             (2)  The person otherwise entitled to possession of the document is entitled to be supplied, as soon as practicable, with a copy certified by the Home Affairs Secretary to be a true copy.

             (3)  The certified copy must be received in all courts and tribunals as evidence as if it were the original.

             (4)  Until a certified copy is supplied, the Home Affairs Secretary must, at such times and places as he or she thinks appropriate, permit the person otherwise entitled to possession of the document, or a person authorised by that person, to inspect and make copies of the document.

315G  Delegation by Home Affairs Secretary

             (1)  The Home Affairs Secretary may, in writing, delegate any or all of his or her powers and functions under sections 315C, 315E and 315F to the Director‑General of Security.

             (2)  In exercising a power or performing a function under a delegation under subsection (1), the Director‑General of Security must comply with any directions of the Home Affairs Secretary.

Division 7Information sharing and confidentiality

315H  Information sharing and confidentiality

             (1)  A person who obtains information or a document under section 314A, 314B, 314C, 314D, 315C or this subsection may disclose any of that information, or provide the document (or a copy of it), to another person for either or both of the following purposes:

                     (a)  the assessment of the risk of unauthorised interference with, or unauthorised access to, telecommunications networks or facilities and, if there is such a risk, the assessment of the risk to security;

                     (b)  the purposes of security.

Note:          The Privacy Act 1988 applies to the disclosure of personal information.

Limitation

             (2)  However, if a person obtains information or a document under section 314A, 314B, 314C, 314D, 315C or subsection (1) of this section, the person must not disclose any of that information, or provide the document (or a copy of it), to a person who is not a Commonwealth officer, to the extent that the information is identifying information or that the document (or a copy of it) contains identifying information.

Confidentiality

             (3)  Subject to this section, a person who obtains information or a document under section 314A, 314B, 314C, 314D, 315C or this section must treat the information or document as confidential.

Definitions

             (4)  In this section:

Commonwealth officer means:

                     (a)  a person who is in the employment of the Commonwealth, other than a person who is engaged outside Australia to perform duties outside Australia as an employee; or

                     (b)  a person who holds or performs the duties of any office or position established by or under a law of the Commonwealth; or

                     (c)  a member of the Australian Defence Force; or

                     (d)  the Commissioner of the Australian Federal Police, a Deputy Commissioner of the Australian Federal Police, an AFP employee, a special member or a special protective service officer (all within the meaning of the Australian Federal Police Act 1979).

Note:          Paragraph (a) of this definition covers, for example, persons employed by the Director‑General of Security, on behalf of the Commonwealth, under subsection 84(1) of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979.

identifying information means information that identifies the carrier, carriage service provider or carriage service intermediary concerned.

security has the same meaning as in the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979.

Division 8Annual report

315J  Annual report

             (1)  The Home Affairs Secretary must report each financial year to the Home Affairs Minister on the operation of this Part, to the extent that this Part was amended by the Telecommunications and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2017.

          (1A)  Without limiting subsection (1), a report under that subsection for a financial year must include the following information for that year:

                     (a)  the number of directions the Home Affairs Minister gave under subsection 315A(1);

                     (b)  the number of directions the Home Affairs Minister gave under subsection 315B(2);

                     (c)  the following:

                              (i)  the number of notifications the Communications Access Co‑ordinator received under subsection 314A(3);

                             (ii)  in response to such notifications, the average number of days taken by the Co‑ordinator to give a notice under subsection 314B(3) or (5);

                            (iii)  in response to such notifications, the percentage of notices given within the period under subsection 314B(6) by the Co‑ordinator under subsection 314B(3) or (5);

                     (d)  the following:

                              (i)  the number of applications the Communications Access Co‑ordinator received under subsection 314A(5A);

                             (ii)  in response to such applications, the average number of days taken by the Co‑ordinator to give a notice under subsection 314A(4) or (5) or paragraph 314A(5B)(b);

                            (iii)  in response to such applications, the percentage of notices given within the period under subsection 314A(5B) by the Co‑ordinator under subsection 314A(4) or (5) or paragraph 314A(5B)(b);

                     (e)  the following:

                              (i)  the number of security capability plans the Communications Access Co‑ordinator received under subsection 314C(1);

                             (ii)  in response to such plans, the average number of days taken by the Co‑ordinator to give a notice under subsection 314D(3) or (5);

                            (iii)  in response to such plans, the percentage of notices given within the period under subsection 314D(6) by the Co‑ordinator under subsection 314D(3) or (5);

                      (f)  the number of notices the Home Affairs Secretary gave under subsection 315C(2);

                     (g)  details of the information sharing arrangements between the Commonwealth and carriers and carriage service providers in relation to this Part, to the extent that this Part was amended by the Telecommunications and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2017;

                     (h)  a summary of any feedback or complaints made in relation to this Part, to the extent that this Part was amended by that Act;

                      (i)  trends or issues in relation to the matters covered by paragraphs (a) to (h).

             (2)  The Home Affairs Secretary must give a report under subsection (1) to the Home Affairs Minister as soon as practicable after the end of the financial year concerned.

             (3)  The Home Affairs Minister must cause a copy of a report under subsection (1) to be laid before each House of the Parliament within 15 sitting days of that House after receiving the report.

Division 8AReview by Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security

315K  Review by Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security

             (1)  The Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security must review the operation of this Part, to the extent that this Part was amended by the Telecommunications and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2017.

             (2)  The review:

                     (a)  must start on or before the second anniversary of the commencement of this section; and

                     (b)  must be concluded on or before the third anniversary of the commencement of this section.

             (3)  The Committee must give the Home Affairs Minister a written report of the review.

Division 9Generality of Part not limited

316  Generality of Part not limited

                   Nothing in this Part limits the generality of anything else in it.

Part 15Industry assistance

Division 1Introduction

317A  Simplified outline of this Part

•      The Director‑General of Security, the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service, the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate or the chief officer of an interception agency may give a technical assistance request to a designated communications provider.

•      A technical assistance request may ask the provider to do acts or things on a voluntary basis that are directed towards ensuring that the provider is capable of giving certain types of help to ASIO, the Australian Secret Intelligence Service, the Australian Signals Directorate or an interception agency in relation to:

       (a)     in the case of ASIO—safeguarding national security; or

      (b)     in the case of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service—the interests of Australia’s national security, the interests of Australia’s foreign relations or the interests of Australia’s national economic well‑being; or

       (c)     in the case of the Australian Signals Directorate—providing material, advice and other assistance on matters relating to the security and integrity of information that is processed, stored or communicated by electronic or similar means; or

      (d)     in the case of an interception agency—enforcing the criminal law, so far as it relates to serious Australian offences; or

       (e)     in the case of an interception agency—assisting the enforcement of the criminal laws in force in a foreign country, so far as those laws relate to serious foreign offences.

•      A technical assistance request may ask the provider to give help to ASIO, the Australian Secret Intelligence Service, the Australian Signals Directorate or an interception agency on a voluntary basis in relation to:

       (a)     in the case of ASIO—safeguarding national security; or

      (b)     in the case of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service—the interests of Australia’s national security, the interests of Australia’s foreign relations or the interests of Australia’s national economic well‑being; or

       (c)     in the case of the Australian Signals Directorate—providing material, advice and other assistance on matters relating to the security and integrity of information that is processed, stored or communicated by electronic or similar means; or

      (d)     in the case of an interception agency—enforcing the criminal law, so far as it relates to serious Australian offences; or

       (e)     in the case of an interception agency—assisting the enforcement of the criminal laws in force in a foreign country, so far as those laws relate to serious foreign offences.

•      The Director‑General of Security or the chief officer of an interception agency may give a designated communications provider a notice, to be known as a technical assistance notice, that requires the provider to do acts or things by way of giving certain types of help to ASIO or the agency in relation to:

       (a)     enforcing the criminal law, so far as it relates to serious Australian offences; or

      (b)     assisting the enforcement of the criminal laws in force in a foreign country, so far as those laws relate to serious foreign offences; or

       (c)     safeguarding national security.

•      The Attorney‑General may give a designated communications provider a notice, to be known as a technical capability notice.

•      A technical capability notice may require the provider to do acts or things directed towards ensuring that the provider is capable of giving certain types of help to ASIO or an interception agency in relation to:

       (a)     enforcing the criminal law, so far as it relates to serious Australian offences; or

      (b)     assisting the enforcement of the criminal laws in force in a foreign country, so far as those laws relate to serious foreign offences; or

       (c)     safeguarding national security.

•      A technical capability notice may require the provider to do acts or things by way of giving certain types of help to ASIO or an interception agency in relation to:

       (a)     enforcing the criminal law, so far as it relates to serious Australian offences; or

      (b)     assisting the enforcement of the criminal laws in force in a foreign country, so far as those laws relate to serious foreign offences; or

       (c)     safeguarding national security.

317B  Definitions

                   In this Part:

access, when used in relation to material, includes:

                     (a)  access that is subject to a pre‑condition (for example, the use of a password); and

                     (b)  access by way of push technology; and

                     (c)  access by way of a standing request.

ASIO affiliate has the same meaning as in the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979.

ASIO employee has the same meaning as in the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979.

chief officer of an interception agency has the meaning given by section 317ZM.

contracted service provider, in relation to a designated communications provider, means a person who performs services for or on behalf of the provider, but does not include a person who performs such services in the capacity of an employee of the provider.

designated communications provider has the meaning given by section 317C.

electronic protection includes:

                     (a)  authentication; and

                     (b)  encryption.

electronic service has the meaning given by section 317D.

eligible activities of a designated communications provider has the meaning given by section 317C.

entrusted ASD person means a person who:

                     (a)  is a staff member of the Australian Signals Directorate; or

                     (b)  has entered into a contract, agreement or arrangement with the Australian Signals Directorate; or

                     (c)  is an employee or agent of a person who has entered into a contract, agreement or arrangement with the Australian Signals Directorate.

entrusted ASIO person means an entrusted person (within the meaning of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979).

entrusted ASIS person means a person who:

                     (a)  is a staff member or agent of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service; or

                     (b)  has entered into a contract, agreement or arrangement with the Australian Secret Intelligence Service; or

                     (c)  is an employee or agent of a person who has entered into a contract, agreement or arrangement with the Australian Secret Intelligence Service.

giving help:

                     (a)  when used in relation to ASIO—includes giving help to an ASIO employee or an ASIO affiliate; or

                     (b)  when used in relation to the Australian Secret Intelligence Service—includes giving help to a staff member of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service; or

                     (c)  when used in relation to the Australian Signals Directorate—includes giving help to a staff member of the Australian Signals Directorate; or

                     (d)  when used in relation to an interception agency—includes giving help to an officer of the agency.

Home Affairs Minister means the Minister administering the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979.

IGIS official has the same meaning as in the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979.

interception agency means:

                     (a)  the Australian Federal Police; or

                     (b)  the Australian Crime Commission; or

                     (c)  the Police Force of a State or the Northern Territory.

listed act or thing has the meaning given by section 317E.

material means material:

                     (a)  whether in the form of text; or

                     (b)  whether in the form of data; or

                     (c)  whether in the form of speech, music or other sounds; or

                     (d)  whether in the form of visual images (moving or otherwise); or

                     (e)  whether in any other form; or

                      (f)  whether in any combination of forms.

officer of an interception agency has the meaning given by section 317ZM.

Ombudsman official means:

                     (a)  the Commonwealth Ombudsman; or

                     (b)  a Deputy Commonwealth Ombudsman; or

                     (c)  a person who is a member of the staff referred to in subsection 31(1) of the Ombudsman Act 1976.

serious Australian offence means an offence against a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory that is punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of 3 years or more or for life.

serious foreign offence means an offence against a law in force in a foreign country that is punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of 3 years or more or for life.

staff member, when used in relation to the Australian Secret Intelligence Service or the Australian Signals Directorate, has the same meaning as in the Intelligence Services Act 2001.

State or Territory inspecting authority, in relation to an interception agency of a State or Territory, means the authority that, under the law of the State or Territory concerned, has the function of making inspections of a similar kind to those provided for in section 55 of the Surveillance Devices Act 2004 when the interception agency is exercising powers under the law of that State or Territory that is of a similar nature to that Act.

supply:

                     (a)  when used in relation to:

                              (i)  a facility; or

                             (ii)  customer equipment; or

                            (iii)  a component;

                            includes supply (including re‑supply) by way of sale, exchange, lease, hire or hire‑purchase; and

                     (b)  when used in relation to software—includes provide, grant or confer rights, privileges or benefits.

systemic vulnerability means a vulnerability that affects a whole class of technology, but does not include a vulnerability that is selectively introduced to one or more target technologies that are connected with a particular person. For this purpose, it is immaterial whether the person can be identified.

systemic weakness means a weakness that affects a whole class of technology, but does not include a weakness that is selectively introduced to one or more target technologies that are connected with a particular person. For this purpose, it is immaterial whether the person can be identified.

target technology:

                     (a)  for the purposes of this Part, a particular carriage service, so far as the service is used, or is likely to be used, (whether directly or indirectly) by a particular person, is a target technology that is connected with that person; and

                     (b)  for the purposes of this Part, a particular electronic service, so far as the service is used, or is likely to be used, (whether directly or indirectly) by a particular person, is a target technology that is connected with that person; and

                     (c)  for the purposes of this Part, particular software installed, or to be installed, on:

                              (i)  a particular computer; or

                             (ii)  a particular item of equipment;

                            used, or likely to be used, (whether directly or indirectly) by a particular person is a target technology that is connected with that person; and

                     (d)  for the purposes of this Part, a particular update of software that has been installed on:

                              (i)  a particular computer; or

                             (ii)  a particular item of equipment;

                            used, or likely to be used, (whether directly or indirectly) by a particular person is a target technology that is connected with that person; and

                     (e)  for the purposes of this Part, a particular item of customer equipment used, or likely to be used, (whether directly or indirectly) by a particular person is a target technology that is connected with that person; and

                      (f)  for the purposes of this Part, a particular data processing device used, or likely to be used, (whether directly or indirectly) by a particular person is a target technology that is connected with that person.

For the purposes of paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (d), (e) and (f), it is immaterial whether the person can be identified.

technical assistance notice means a notice given under section 317L.

technical assistance notice information means:

                     (a)  information about any of the following:

                              (i)  the giving of a technical assistance notice;

                            (ia)  consultation relating to the giving of a technical assistance notice;

                             (ii)  the existence or non‑existence of a technical assistance notice;

                            (iii)  the variation of a technical assistance notice;

                            (iv)  the revocation of a technical assistance notice;

                             (v)  the requirements imposed by a technical assistance notice;

                            (vi)  any act or thing done in compliance with a technical assistance notice; or

                     (b)  any other information about a technical assistance notice.

technical assistance request means a request under paragraph 317G(1)(a).

technical assistance request information means:

                     (a)  information about any of the following:

                              (i)  the giving of a technical assistance request;

                             (ii)  the existence or non‑existence of a technical assistance request;

                            (iii)  the acts or things covered by a technical assistance request;

                            (iv)  any act or thing done in accordance with a technical assistance request; or

                     (b)  any other information about a technical assistance request.

technical capability notice means a notice given under section 317T.

technical capability notice information means:

                     (a)  information about any of the following:

                              (i)  the giving of a technical capability notice;

                             (ii)  consultation relating to the giving of a technical capability notice;

                            (iii)  the existence or non‑existence of a technical capability notice;

                            (iv)  the variation of a technical capability notice;

                          (iva)  consultation relating to the variation of a technical capability notice;

                             (v)  the revocation of a technical capability notice;

                            (vi)  the requirements imposed by a technical capability notice;

                           (vii)  any act or thing done in compliance with a technical capability notice; or

                     (b)  any other information about a technical capability notice.

317C  Designated communications provider etc.

                   For the purposes of this Part, the following table defines:

                     (a)  designated communications provider; and

                     (b)  the eligible activities of a designated communications provider.

 

Designated communications provider and eligible activities

Item

A person is a designated communications provider if ...

... and the eligible activities of the person are ...

1

the person is a carrier or carriage service provider

(a) the operation by the person of telecommunications networks, or facilities, in Australia; or

(b) the supply by the person of listed carriage services

2

the person is a carriage service intermediary who arranges for the supply by a carriage service provider of listed carriage services

(a) the arranging by the person for the supply by the carriage service provider of listed carriage services; or

(b) the operation by the carriage service provider of telecommunications networks, or facilities, in Australia; or

(c) the supply by the carriage service provider of listed carriage services

3

the person provides a service that facilitates, or is ancillary or incidental to, the supply of a listed carriage service

the provision by the person of a service that facilitates, or is ancillary or incidental to, the supply of a listed carriage service

4

the person provides an electronic service that has one or more end‑users in Australia

the provision by the person of an electronic service that has one or more end‑users in Australia

5

the person provides a service that facilitates, or is ancillary or incidental to, the provision of an electronic service that has one or more end‑users in Australia

the provision by the person of a service that facilitates, or is ancillary or incidental to, the provision of an electronic service that has one or more end‑users in Australia

6

the person develops, supplies or updates software used, for use, or likely to be used, in connection with:

(a) a listed carriage service; or

(b) an electronic service that has one or more end‑users in Australia

(a) the development by the person of any such software; or

(b) the supply by the person of any such software; or

(c) the updating by the person of any such software

7

the person manufactures, supplies, installs, maintains or operates a facility

(a) the manufacture by the person of a facility for use, or likely to be used, in Australia; or

(b) the supply by the person of a facility for use, or likely to be used, in Australia; or

(c) the installation by the person of a facility in Australia; or

(d) the maintenance by the person of a facility in Australia; or

(e) the operation by the person of a facility in Australia

8

the person manufactures or supplies components for use, or likely to be used, in the manufacture of a facility for use, or likely to be used, in Australia

(a) the manufacture by the person of any such components; or

(b) the supply by the person of any such components

9

the person connects a facility to a telecommunications network in Australia

the connection by the person of a facility to a telecommunications network in Australia

10

the person manufactures or supplies customer equipment for use, or likely to be used, in Australia

(a) the manufacture by the person of any such customer equipment; or

(b) the supply by the person of any such customer equipment

11

the person manufactures or supplies components for use, or likely to be used, in the manufacture of customer equipment for use, or likely to be used, in Australia

(a) the manufacture by the person of any such components; or

(b) the supply by the person of any such components

12

the person:

(a) installs or maintains customer equipment in Australia; and

(b) does so otherwise than in the capacity of end‑user of the equipment

(a) any such installation by the person of customer equipment; or

(b) any such maintenance by the person of customer equipment

13

the person:

(a) connects customer equipment to a telecommunications network in Australia; and

(b) does so otherwise than in the capacity of end‑user of the equipment

any such connection by the person of customer equipment to a telecommunications network in Australia

14

the person is a constitutional corporation who:

(a) manufactures; or

(b) supplies; or

(c) installs; or

(d) maintains;

data processing devices

(a) the manufacture by the person of data processing devices for use, or likely to be used, in Australia; or

(b) the supply by the person of data processing devices for use, or likely to be used, in Australia; or

(c) the installation by the person of data processing devices in Australia; or

(d) the maintenance by the person of data processing devices in Australia

15

the person is a constitutional corporation who:

(a) develops; or

(b) supplies; or

(c) updates;

software that is capable of being installed on a computer, or other equipment, that is, or is likely to be, connected to a telecommunications network in Australia

(a) the development by the person of any such software; or

(b) the supply by the person of any such software; or

(c) the updating by the person of any such software

Note 1:       See also sections 317HAA, 317MAA and 317TAA (provision of advice to designated communications providers).

Note 2:       See also section 317ZT (alternative constitutional basis).

317D  Electronic service

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, electronic service means:

                     (a)  a service that allows end‑users to access material using a carriage service; or

                     (b)  a service that delivers material to persons having equipment appropriate for receiving that material, where the delivery of the service is by means of a carriage service;

but does not include:

                     (c)  a broadcasting service; or

                     (d)  a datacasting service (within the meaning of the Broadcasting Services Act 1992).

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), service includes a website.

             (3)  For the purposes of this Part, a person does not provide an electronic service merely because the person supplies a carriage service that enables material to be accessed or delivered.

             (4)  For the purposes of this Part, a person does not provide an electronic service merely because the person provides a billing service, or a fee collection service, in relation to an electronic service.

             (5)  A reference in this section to the use of a thing is a reference to the use of the thing either:

                     (a)  in isolation; or

                     (b)  in conjunction with one or more other things.

317E  Listed acts or things

             (1)  For the purposes of the application of this Part to a designated communications provider, listed act or thing means:

                     (a)  removing one or more forms of electronic protection that are or were applied by, or on behalf of, the provider; or

                     (b)  providing technical information; or

                     (c)  installing, maintaining, testing or using software or equipment; or

                     (d)  ensuring that information obtained in connection with the execution of a warrant or authorisation is given in a particular format; or

                   (da)  an act or thing done to assist in, or facilitate:

                              (i)  giving effect to a warrant or authorisation under a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory; or

                             (ii)  the effective receipt of information in connection with a warrant or authorisation under a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory; or

                     (e)  facilitating or assisting access to whichever of the following are the subject of eligible activities of the provider:

                              (i)  a facility;

                             (ii)  customer equipment;

                            (iii)  a data processing device;

                            (iv)  a listed carriage service;

                             (v)  a service that facilitates, or is ancillary or incidental to, the supply of a listed carriage service;

                            (vi)  an electronic service;

                           (vii)  a service that facilitates, or is ancillary or incidental to, the provision of an electronic service;

                          (viii)  software used, for use, or likely to be used, in connection with a listed carriage service;

                            (ix)  software used, for use, or likely to be used, in connection with an electronic service;

                             (x)  software that is capable of being installed on a computer, or other equipment, that is, or is likely to be, connected to a telecommunications network; or

                      (f)  assisting with the testing, modification, development or maintenance of a technology or capability; or

                     (g)  notifying particular kinds of changes to, or developments affecting, eligible activities of the designated communications provider, if the changes are relevant to the execution of a warrant or authorisation; or

                     (h)  modifying, or facilitating the modification of, any of the characteristics of a service provided by the designated communications provider; or

                      (i)  substituting, or facilitating the substitution of, a service provided by the designated communications provider for:

                              (i)  another service provided by the provider; or

                             (ii)  a service provided by another designated communications provider; or

                      (j)  an act or thing done to conceal the fact that any thing has been done covertly in the performance of a function, or the exercise of a power, conferred by a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory, so far as the function or power relates to:

                              (i)  enforcing the criminal law, so far as it relates to serious Australian offences; or

                             (ii)  assisting the enforcement of the criminal laws in force in a foreign country, so far as those laws relate to serious foreign offences; or

                            (iii)  the interests of Australia’s national security, the interests of Australia’s foreign relations or the interests of Australia’s national economic well‑being.

             (2)  Paragraph (1)(j) does not apply to:

                     (a)  making a false or misleading statement; or

                     (b)  engaging in dishonest conduct.

317F  Extension to external Territories

                   This Part extends to every external Territory.

Division 2Voluntary technical assistance

317G  Voluntary technical assistance provided to ASIO, the Australian Secret Intelligence Service, the Australian Signals Directorate or an interception agency

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  any of the following persons:

                              (i)  the Director‑General of Security;

                             (ii)  the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service;

                            (iii)  the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate;

                            (iv)  the chief officer of an interception agency;

                            requests a designated communications provider to do one or more specified acts or things that:

                             (v)  are in connection with any or all of the eligible activities of the provider; and

                            (vi)  are covered by subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the provider does an act or thing:

                              (i)  in accordance with the request; or

                             (ii)  in good faith purportedly in accordance with the request;

then:

                     (c)  the provider is not subject to any civil liability for, or in relation to, the act or thing mentioned in paragraph (b); and

                     (d)  an officer, employee or agent of the provider is not subject to any civil liability for, or in relation to, an act or thing done by the officer, employee or agent in connection with the act or thing mentioned in paragraph (b).

             (2)  The specified acts or things must:

                     (a)  be directed towards ensuring that the designated communications provider is capable of giving help to:

                              (i)  in a case where the request is made by the Director‑General of Security—ASIO; or

                             (ii)  in a case where the request is made by the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service—the Australian Secret Intelligence Service; or

                            (iii)  in a case where the request is made by the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate—the Australian Signals Directorate; or

                            (iv)  in a case where the request is made by the chief officer of an interception agency—the agency;

                            in relation to:

                             (v)  the performance of a function, or the exercise of a power, conferred by or under a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory, so far as the function or power relates to a relevant objective; or

                            (vi)  a matter that facilitates, or is ancillary or incidental to, a matter covered by subparagraph (v); or

                     (b)  be by way of giving help to:

                              (i)  in a case where the request is made by the Director‑General of Security—ASIO; or

                             (ii)  in a case where the request is made by the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service—the Australian Secret Intelligence Service; or

                            (iii)  in a case where the request is made by the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate—the Australian Signals Directorate; or

                            (iv)  in a case where the request is made by the chief officer of an interception agency—the agency;

                            in relation to:

                             (v)  the performance of a function, or the exercise of a power, conferred by or under a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory, so far as the function or power relates to a relevant objective; or

                            (vi)  a matter that facilitates, or is ancillary or incidental to, a matter covered by subparagraph (v).

             (3)  A request under paragraph (1)(a) is to be known as a technical assistance request.

             (4)  Subparagraph (1)(b)(ii) does not apply to an act or thing done by a designated communications provider unless the act or thing is in connection with any or all of the eligible activities of the provider.

Relevant objective

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, relevant objective means:

                     (a)  in relation to a technical assistance request given by the Director‑General of Security—safeguarding national security; or

                     (b)  in relation to a technical assistance request given by the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service—the interests of Australia’s national security, the interests of Australia’s foreign relations or the interests of Australia’s national economic well‑being; or

                     (c)  in relation to a technical assistance request given by the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate—providing material, advice and other assistance to a person or body mentioned in subsection 7(2) of the Intelligence Services Act 2001 on matters relating to the security and integrity of information that is processed, stored or communicated by electronic or similar means; or

                     (d)  in relation to a technical assistance request given by the chief officer of an interception agency:

                              (i)  enforcing the criminal law, so far as it relates to serious Australian offences; or

                             (ii)  assisting the enforcement of the criminal laws in force in a foreign country, so far as those laws relate to serious foreign offences.

Listed acts or things

             (6)  The acts or things that may be specified in a technical assistance request given to a designated communications provider include (but are not limited to) listed acts or things, so long as those acts or things:

                     (a)  are in connection with any or all of the eligible activities of the provider; and

                     (b)  are covered by subsection (2).

Note:          For listed acts or things, see section 317E.

317H  Form of technical assistance request

             (1)  A technical assistance request may be given:

                     (a)  orally; or

                     (b)  in writing.

             (2)  A technical assistance request must not be given orally unless:

                     (a)  an imminent risk of serious harm to a person or substantial damage to property exists; and

                     (b)  the technical assistance request is necessary for the purpose of dealing with that risk; and

                     (c)  it is not practicable in the circumstances to give the technical assistance request in writing.

             (3)  If a technical assistance request is given orally by:

                     (a)  the Director‑General of Security; or

                     (b)  the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service; or

                     (c)  the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate; or

                     (d)  the chief officer of an interception agency;

the Director‑General of Security, the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service, the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate or the chief officer, as the case requires, must:

                     (e)  make a written record of the request; and

                      (f)  do so within 48 hours after the request was given.

             (4)  If, under subsection (3):

                     (a)  the Director‑General of Security; or

                     (b)  the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service; or

                     (c)  the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate; or

                     (d)  the chief officer of an interception agency;

makes a written record of a technical assistance request, the Director‑General of Security, the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service, the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate or the chief officer, as the case requires, must:

                     (e)  give a copy of the record to the designated communications provider concerned; and

                      (f)  do so as soon as practicable after the record was made.

             (5)  If, under subsection (3):

                     (a)  the Director‑General of Security; or

                     (b)  the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service; or

                     (c)  the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate; or

                     (d)  the chief officer of an interception agency;

makes a written record of a technical assistance request, the Director‑General of Security, the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service, the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate or the chief officer, as the case requires, must retain the record while the request is in force.

317HAA  Provision of advice to designated communications providers

             (1)  If the Director‑General of Security gives a technical assistance request to a designated communications provider, the Director‑General of Security must advise the provider that compliance with the request is voluntary.

             (2)  If the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service gives a technical assistance request to a designated communications provider, the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service must advise the provider that compliance with the request is voluntary.

             (3)  If the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate gives a technical assistance request to a designated communications provider, the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate must advise the provider that compliance with the request is voluntary.

             (4)  If the chief officer of an interception agency gives a technical assistance request to a designated communications provider, the chief officer must advise the provider that compliance with the request is voluntary.

Form of advice

             (5)  Advice under subsection (1), (2), (3) or (4) may be given:

                     (a)  orally; or

                     (b)  in writing.

             (6)  If advice under subsection (1), (2), (3) or (4) is given orally by:

                     (a)  the Director‑General of Security; or

                     (b)  the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service; or

                     (c)  the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate; or

                     (d)  the chief officer of an interception agency;

the Director‑General of Security, the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service, the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate or the chief officer, as the case requires, must:

                     (e)  make a written record of the advice; and

                      (f)  do so within 48 hours after the advice was given.

317HAB  Notification obligations

             (1)  If the Director‑General of Security gives a technical assistance request, the Director‑General of Security must, within 7 days after the request is given, notify the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security that the request has been given.

             (2)  If the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service gives a technical assistance request, the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service must, within 7 days after the request is given, notify the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security that the request has been given.

             (3)  If the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate gives a technical assistance request, the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate must, within 7 days after the request is given, notify the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security that the request has been given.

             (4)  If the chief officer of an interception agency gives a technical assistance request, the chief officer must, within 7 days after the request is given, notify the Commonwealth Ombudsman that the request has been given.

             (5)  A failure to comply with subsection (1), (2), (3) or (4) does not affect the validity of a technical assistance request.

317HA  Duration of technical assistance request

             (1)  A technical assistance request:

                     (a)  comes in force:

                              (i)  when it is given; or

                             (ii)  if a later time is specified in the request—at that later time; and

                     (b)  unless sooner revoked, remains in force:

                              (i)  if an expiry date is specified in the request—until the start of the expiry date; or

                             (ii)  otherwise—at end of the 90‑day period beginning when the request was given.

             (2)  If a technical assistance request expires, this Part does not prevent the giving of a fresh technical assistance request in the same terms as the expired technical assistance request.

317J  Specified period etc.

             (1)  A technical assistance request may include a request that a specified act or thing be done within a specified period.

             (2)  A technical assistance request may include a request that a specified act or thing be done:

                     (a)  in a specified manner; or

                     (b)  in a way that meets one or more specified conditions.

             (3)  Subsections (1) and (2) of this section do not limit subsections 317G(1) and (2).

317JAA  Decision‑making criteria

             (1)  The Director‑General of Security must not give a technical assistance request to a designated communications provider unless the Director‑General of Security is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the request is reasonable and proportionate; and

                     (b)  compliance with the request is:

                              (i)  practicable; and

                             (ii)  technically feasible.

Note:          See also section 317JC.

             (2)  The Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service must not give a technical assistance request to a designated communications provider unless the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the request is reasonable and proportionate; and

                     (b)  compliance with the request is:

                              (i)  practicable; and

                             (ii)  technically feasible.

Note:          See also section 317JC.

             (3)  The Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate must not give a technical assistance request to a designated communications provider unless the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the request is reasonable and proportionate; and

                     (b)  compliance with the request is:

                              (i)  practicable; and

                             (ii)  technically feasible.

Note:          See also section 317JC.

             (4)  The chief officer of an interception agency must not give a technical assistance request to a designated communications provider unless the chief officer is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the request is reasonable and proportionate; and

                     (b)  compliance with the request is:

                              (i)  practicable; and

                             (ii)  technically feasible.

Note:          See also section 317JC.

317JA  Variation of technical assistance requests

             (1)  If a technical assistance request has been given to a designated communications provider by the Director‑General of Security, the Director‑General of Security may vary the request.

             (2)  If a technical assistance request has been given to a designated communications provider by the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service, the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service may vary the request.

             (3)  If a technical assistance request has been given to a designated communications provider by the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate, the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate may vary the request.

             (4)  If a technical assistance request has been given to a designated communications provider by the chief officer of an interception agency, the chief officer may vary the request.

Form of variation

             (5)  A variation may be made:

                     (a)  orally; or

                     (b)  in writing.

             (6)  A variation must not be made orally unless:

                     (a)  an imminent risk of serious harm to a person or substantial damage to property exists; and

                     (b)  the variation is necessary for the purpose of dealing with that risk; and

                     (c)  it is not practicable in the circumstances to make the variation in writing.

             (7)  If a variation is made orally by:

                     (a)  the Director‑General of Security; or

                     (b)  the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service; or

                     (c)  the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate; or

                     (d)  the chief officer of an interception agency;

the Director‑General of Security, the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service, the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate or the chief officer, as the case requires, must:

                     (e)  make a written record of the variation; and

                      (f)  do so within 48 hours after the variation was made.

             (8)  If, under subsection (7):

                     (a)  the Director‑General of Security; or

                     (b)  the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service; or

                     (c)  the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate; or

                     (d)  the chief officer of an interception agency;

makes a written record of a variation, the Director‑General of Security, the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service, the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate or the chief officer, as the case requires, must:

                     (e)  give a copy of the record to the designated communications provider concerned; and

                      (f)  do so as soon as practicable after the record was made.

Acts or things specified in a varied technical assistance request

             (9)  The acts or things specified in a varied technical assistance request must be:

                     (a)  in connection with any or all of the eligible activities of the designated communications provider concerned; and

                     (b)  covered by subsection 317G(2).

           (10)  The acts or things that may be specified in a varied technical assistance request include (but are not limited to) listed acts or things, so long as those acts or things:

                     (a)  are in connection with any or all of the eligible activities of the designated communications provider concerned; and

                     (b)  are covered by subsection 317G(2).

Note:          For listed acts or things, see section 317E.

Decision‑making criteria

           (11)  The Director‑General of Security must not vary a technical assistance request unless the Director‑General of Security is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the varied request is reasonable and proportionate; and

                     (b)  compliance with the varied request is:

                              (i)  practicable; and

                             (ii)  technically feasible.

Note:          See also section 317JC.

           (12)  The Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service must not vary a technical assistance request unless the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the varied request is reasonable and proportionate; and

                     (b)  compliance with the varied request is:

                              (i)  practicable; and

                             (ii)  technically feasible.

Note:          See also section 317JC.

           (13)  The Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate must not vary a technical assistance request unless the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the varied request is reasonable and proportionate; and

                     (b)  compliance with the varied request is:

                              (i)  practicable; and

                             (ii)  technically feasible.

Note:          See also section 317JC.

           (14)  The chief officer of an interception agency must not vary a technical assistance request unless the chief officer is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the varied request is reasonable and proportionate; and

                     (b)  compliance with the varied request is:

                              (i)  practicable; and

                             (ii)  technically feasible.

Note:          See also section 317JC.

Notification obligations

           (15)  If the Director‑General of Security varies a technical assistance request, the Director‑General of Security must, within 7 days after varying the request, notify the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security that the request has been varied.

           (16)  If the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service varies a technical assistance request, the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service must, within 7 days after varying the request, notify the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security that the request has been varied.

           (17)  If the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate varies a technical assistance request, the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate must, within 7 days after varying the request, notify the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security that the request has been varied.

           (18)  If the chief officer of an interception agency varies a technical assistance request, the chief officer must, within 7 days after varying the request, notify the Commonwealth Ombudsman that the request has been varied.

           (19)  A failure to comply with subsection (15), (16), (17) or (18) does not affect the validity of a variation of a technical assistance request.

317JB  Revocation of technical assistance requests

             (1)  If a technical assistance request has been given to a person by the Director‑General of Security, the Director‑General of Security may, by written notice given to the person, revoke the request.

          (1A)  If a technical assistance request has been given to a person by the Director‑General of Security, and the Director‑General of Security is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the request is not reasonable and proportionate; or

                     (b)  compliance with the request is not:

                              (i)  practicable; and

                             (ii)  technically feasible;

the Director‑General of Security must, by written notice given to the person, revoke the request.

             (2)  If a technical assistance request has been given to a person by the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service, the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service may, by written notice given to the person, revoke the request.

          (2A)  If a technical assistance request has been given to a person by the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service, and the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the request is not reasonable and proportionate; or

                     (b)  compliance with the request is not:

                              (i)  practicable; and

                             (ii)  technically feasible;

the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service must, by written notice given to the person, revoke the request.

             (3)  If a technical assistance request has been given to a person by the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate, the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate may, by written notice given to the person, revoke the request.

          (3A)  If a technical assistance request has been given to a person by the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate, and the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the request is not reasonable and proportionate; or

                     (b)  compliance with the request is not:

                              (i)  practicable; and

                             (ii)  technically feasible;

the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate must, by written notice given to the person, revoke the request.

             (4)  If a technical assistance request has been given to a person by the chief officer of an interception agency, the chief officer may, by written notice given to the person, revoke the request.

             (5)  If a technical assistance request has been given to a person by the chief officer of an interception agency, and the chief officer is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the request is not reasonable and proportionate; or

                     (b)  compliance with the request is not:

                              (i)  practicable; and

                             (ii)  technically feasible;

the chief officer must, by written notice given to the person, revoke the request.

Notification obligations

             (6)  If the Director‑General of Security revokes a technical assistance request, the Director‑General of Security must, within 7 days after revoking the request, notify the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security that the request has been revoked.

             (7)  If the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service revokes a technical assistance request, the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service must, within 7 days after revoking the request, notify the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security that the request has been revoked.

             (8)  If the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate revokes a technical assistance request, the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate must, within 7 days after revoking the request, notify the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security that the request has been revoked.

             (9)  If the chief officer of an interception agency revokes a technical assistance request, the chief officer must, within 7 days after revoking the request, notify the Commonwealth Ombudsman that the request has been revoked.

           (10)  A failure to comply with subsection (6), (7), (8) or (9) does not affect the validity of a revocation of a technical assistance request.

317JC  Whether a technical assistance request is reasonable and proportionate

                   In considering whether a technical assistance request or a varied technical assistance request is reasonable and proportionate, the Director‑General of Security, the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service, the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate or the chief officer of an interception agency, as the case requires, must have regard to the following matters:

                     (a)  the interests of national security;

                     (b)  the interests of law enforcement;

                     (c)  the legitimate interests of the designated communications provider to whom the request relates;

                     (d)  the objectives of the request;

                     (e)  the availability of other means to achieve the objectives of the request;

                      (f)  whether the request, when compared to other forms of industry assistance known to the Director‑General of Security, the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service, the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate or the chief officer, as the case requires, is the least intrusive form of industry assistance so far as the following persons are concerned:

                              (i)  persons whose activities are not of interest to ASIO;

                             (ii)  persons whose activities are not of interest to the Australian Secret Intelligence Service;

                            (iii)  persons whose activities are not of interest to the Australian Signals Directorate;

                            (iv)  persons whose activities are not of interest to interception agencies;

                     (g)  whether the request is necessary;

                     (h)  the legitimate expectations of the Australian community relating to privacy and cybersecurity;

                      (i)  such other matters (if any) as the Director‑General of Security, the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service, the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate or the chief officer, as the case requires, considers relevant.

317K  Contract etc.

                   Any of the following persons:

                     (a)  the Director‑General of Security;

                     (b)  the Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service;

                     (c)  the Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate;

                     (d)  the chief officer of an interception agency;

may enter into a contract, agreement or arrangement with a designated communications provider in relation to acts or things done by the provider in accordance with a technical assistance request.

Division 3Technical assistance notices

317L  Technical assistance notices

             (1)  The Director‑General of Security or the chief officer of an interception agency may give a designated communications provider a notice, to be known as a technical assistance notice, that requires the provider to do one or more specified acts or things that:

                     (a)  are in connection with any or all of the eligible activities of the provider; and

                     (b)  are covered by subsection (2).

Note:          Section 317ZK deals with the terms and conditions on which such a requirement is to be complied with.

             (2)  The specified acts or things must be by way of giving help to:

                     (a)  in a case where the technical assistance notice is given by the Director‑General of Security—ASIO; or

                     (b)  in a case where the technical assistance notice is given by the chief officer of an interception agency—the agency;

in relation to:

                     (c)  the performance of a function, or the exercise of a power, conferred by or under a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory, so far as the function or power relates to:

                              (i)  enforcing the criminal law, so far as it relates to serious Australian offences; or

                             (ii)  assisting the enforcement of the criminal laws in force in a foreign country, so far as those laws relate to serious foreign offences; or

                            (iii)  safeguarding national security; or

                     (d)  a matter that facilitates, or is ancillary or incidental to, a matter covered by paragraph (c).

          (2A)  The specified acts or things must not be directed towards ensuring that a designated communications provider is capable of giving help to ASIO or an interception agency.

Listed acts or things

             (3)  The acts or things specified in a technical assistance notice given to a designated communications provider must be listed acts or things, so long as those acts or things:

                     (a)  are in connection with any or all of the eligible activities of the provider; and

                     (b)  are covered by subsection (2).

Note:          For listed acts or things, see section 317E.

317LA  Approval of technical assistance notices given by the chief officer of an interception agency of a State or Territory

             (1)  The chief officer of an interception agency of a State or Territory must not give a technical assistance notice to a designated communications provider unless:

                     (a)  the chief officer has given the AFP Commissioner a written notice setting out a proposal to give the technical assistance notice; and

                     (b)  the AFP Commissioner has approved the giving of the technical assistance notice.

             (2)  An approval under paragraph (1)(b) may be given:

                     (a)  orally; or

                     (b)  in writing.

             (3)  If an approval under paragraph (1)(b) is given orally, the AFP Commissioner must:

                     (a)  make a written record of the approval; and

                     (b)  do so within 48 hours after the approval was given.

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, AFP Commissioner means the Commissioner (within the meaning of the Australian Federal Police Act 1979).

317M  Form of technical assistance notice

             (1)  A technical assistance notice may be given:

                     (a)  orally; or

                     (b)  in writing.

             (2)  A technical assistance notice must not be given orally unless:

                     (a)  an imminent risk of serious harm to a person or substantial damage to property exists; and

                     (b)  the technical assistance notice is necessary for the purpose of dealing with that risk; and

                     (c)  it is not practicable in the circumstances to give the technical assistance notice in writing.

             (3)  If a technical assistance notice is given orally by the Director‑General of Security or the chief officer of an interception agency, the Director‑General of Security or the chief officer, as the case requires, must:

                     (a)  make a written record of the notice; and

                     (b)  do so within 48 hours after the notice was given.

             (4)  If, under subsection (3), the Director‑General of Security or the chief officer of an interception agency makes a written record of a technical assistance notice, the Director‑General of Security or the chief officer, as the case requires, must:

                     (a)  give a copy of the record to the designated communications provider concerned; and

                     (b)  do so as soon as practicable after the record was made.

             (5)  If, under subsection (3), the Director‑General of Security or the chief officer of an interception agency makes a written record of a technical assistance notice, the Director‑General of Security or the chief officer, as the case requires, must retain the record while the notice is in force.

317MAA  Provision of advice to designated communications providers

             (1)  If the Director‑General of Security gives a technical assistance notice to a designated communications provider, the Director‑General of Security must give the provider advice relating to the provider’s obligations under whichever of sections 317ZA and 317ZB is applicable, so far as those obligations relate to the notice.

             (2)  If the chief officer of an interception agency gives a technical assistance notice to a designated communications provider, the chief officer must give the provider advice relating to the provider’s obligations under whichever of sections 317ZA and 317ZB is applicable, so far as those obligations relate to the notice.

             (3)  If the Director‑General of Security gives a technical assistance notice to a designated communications provider, the Director‑General of Security must notify the provider of the provider’s right to make a complaint about the notice to the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security under the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security Act 1986.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the chief officer of an interception agency gives a technical assistance notice to a designated communications provider; and

                     (b)  the provider has a right to make a complaint about the conduct of the chief officer, or the interception agency, in relation to the notice to:

                              (i)  the Commonwealth Ombudsman; or

                             (ii)  an authority that is the State or Territory inspecting agency in relation to the interception agency;

the chief officer must notify the provider of the provider’s right to make such a complaint.

Form of advice or notification

             (5)  Advice under subsection (1) or (2), or notification under subsection (3) or (4), may be given:

                     (a)  orally; or

                     (b)  in writing.

             (6)  If advice under subsection (1) or (2), or notification under subsection (3) or (4), is given orally by the Director‑General of Security or the chief officer of an interception agency, the Director‑General of Security or the chief officer, as the case requires, must:

                     (a)  make a written record of the advice or notification; and

                     (b)  do so within 48 hours after the advice or notification was given.

317MAB  Notification obligations

             (1)  If the Director‑General of Security gives a technical assistance notice, the Director‑General of Security must, within 7 days after the notice is given, notify the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security that the notice has been given.

             (2)  If the chief officer of an interception agency gives a technical assistance notice, the chief officer must, within 7 days after the notice is given, notify the Commonwealth Ombudsman that the notice has been given.

             (3)  A failure to comply with subsection (1) or (2) does not affect the validity of a technical assistance notice.

317MA  Duration of technical assistance notice

             (1)  A technical assistance notice:

                     (a)  comes in force:

                              (i)  when it is given; or

                             (ii)  if a later time is specified in the notice—at that later time; and

                     (b)  unless sooner revoked, remains in force:

                              (i)  if an expiry date is specified in the notice—until the start of the expiry date; or

                             (ii)  otherwise—at end of the 90‑day period beginning when the notice was given.

          (1A)  An expiry date specified in a technical assistance notice must not be later than 12 months after the notice was given.

          (1B)  Paragraph (1)(b) has effect subject to subsections (1C) and (1D).

          (1C)  If the Director‑General of Security has given a technical assistance notice to a designated communications provider, the Director‑General of Security may, with the agreement of the provider, extend for a further period (not exceeding 12 months) or further periods (not exceeding 12 months in each case) the period for which the technical assistance notice is in force.

          (1D)  If the chief officer of an interception agency has given a technical assistance notice to a designated communications provider, the chief officer may, with the agreement of the provider, extend for a further period (not exceeding 12 months) or further periods (not exceeding 12 months in each case) the period for which the technical assistance notice is in force.

          (1E)  If the Director‑General of Security extends the period for which a technical assistance notice is in force, the Director‑General of Security must, within 7 days after extending the period, notify the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security of the extension.

           (1F)  If the chief officer of an interception agency extends the period for which a technical assistance notice is in force, the chief officer must, within 7 days after extending the period, notify the Commonwealth Ombudsman of the extension.

          (1G)  A failure to comply with subsection (1E) or (1F) does not affect the validity of an extension of a technical assistance notice.

             (2)  If a technical assistance notice expires, this Part does not prevent the giving of a fresh technical assistance notice in the same terms as the expired technical assistance notice.

317N  Compliance period etc.

             (1)  A technical assistance notice may require a specified act or thing to be done within a specified period.

             (2)  A technical assistance notice may require a specified act or thing to be done:

                     (a)  in a specified manner; or

                     (b)  in a way that meets one or more specified conditions.

             (3)  Subsections (1) and (2) of this section do not limit subsections 317L(1) and (2).

317P  Decision‑making criteria

                   The Director‑General of Security or the chief officer of an interception agency must not give a technical assistance notice to a designated communications provider unless the Director‑General of Security or the chief officer, as the case requires, is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the requirements imposed by the notice are reasonable and proportionate; and

                     (b)  compliance with the notice is:

                              (i)  practicable; and

                             (ii)  technically feasible.

Note:          See also section 317RA.

317PA  Consultation about a proposal to give a technical assistance notice

             (1)  Before giving a technical assistance notice to a designated communications provider, the Director‑General of Security or the chief officer of an interception agency, as the case requires, must consult the provider.

             (2)  The rule in subsection (1) does not apply to a technical assistance notice given to a designated communications provider by the Director‑General of Security if:

                     (a)  the Director‑General of Security is satisfied that the technical assistance notice should be given as a matter of urgency; or

                     (b)  the provider waives compliance with subsection (1).

             (3)  The rule in subsection (1) does not apply to a technical assistance notice given to a designated communications provider by the chief officer of an interception agency if:

                     (a)  the chief officer is satisfied that the technical assistance notice should be given as a matter of urgency; or

                     (b)  the provider waives compliance with subsection (1).

317Q  Variation of technical assistance notices

             (1)  If a technical assistance notice has been given to a designated communications provider by the Director‑General of Security, the Director‑General of Security may vary the notice.

             (2)  If a technical assistance notice has been given to a designated communications provider by the chief officer of an interception agency, the chief officer may vary the notice.

Form of variation

             (3)  A variation may be made:

                     (a)  orally; or

                     (b)  in writing.

             (4)  A variation must not be made orally unless:

                     (a)  an imminent risk of serious harm to a person or substantial damage to property exists; and

                     (b)  the variation is necessary for the purpose of dealing with that risk; and

                     (c)  it is not practicable in the circumstances to make the variation in writing.

             (5)  If a variation is made orally by the Director‑General of Security or the chief officer of an interception agency, the Director‑General of Security or the chief officer, as the case requires, must:

                     (a)  make a written record of the variation; and

                     (b)  do so within 48 hours after the variation was made.

             (6)  If, under subsection (5), the Director‑General of Security or the chief officer of an interception agency makes a written record of a variation, the Director‑General of Security or the chief officer, as the case requires, must:

                     (a)  give a copy of the record to the designated communications provider concerned; and

                     (b)  do so as soon as practicable after the record was made.

             (7)  If a variation is made in writing by the Director‑General of Security or the chief officer of an interception agency, the Director‑General of Security or the chief officer, as the case requires, must:

                     (a)  give a copy of the variation to the designated communications provider concerned; and

                     (b)  do so as soon as practicable after the variation was made.

Acts or things specified in a varied technical assistance notice

             (8)  The acts or things specified in a varied technical assistance notice must be:

                     (a)  in connection with any or all of the eligible activities of the designated communications provider concerned; and

                     (b)  covered by subsection 317L(2).

             (9)  The acts or things specified in a varied technical assistance notice must be listed acts or things, so long as those acts or things:

                     (a)  are in connection with any or all of the eligible activities of the designated communications provider concerned; and

                     (b)  are covered by subsection 317L(2).

Note:          For listed acts or things, see section 317E.

Decision‑making criteria

           (10)  The Director‑General of Security or the chief officer of an interception agency must not vary a technical assistance notice unless the Director‑General of Security or the chief officer, as the case requires, is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the requirements imposed by the varied notice are reasonable and proportionate; and

                     (b)  compliance with the varied notice is:

                              (i)  practicable; and

                             (ii)  technically feasible.

Note:          See also section 317RA.

Variation must not extend duration of technical assistance notice

           (11)  A variation of a technical assistance notice must not extend the period for which the notice is in force.

Notification obligations

           (12)  If the Director‑General of Security varies a technical assistance notice, the Director‑General of Security must, within 7 days after varying the notice, notify the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security that the notice has been varied.

           (13)  If the chief officer of an interception agency varies a technical assistance notice, the chief officer must, within 7 days after varying the notice, notify the Commonwealth Ombudsman that the notice has been varied.

           (14)  A failure to comply with subsection (12) or (13) does not affect the validity of a variation of a technical assistance notice.

317R  Revocation of technical assistance notices

             (1)  If a technical assistance notice has been given to a person by the Director‑General of Security, the Director‑General of Security may, by written notice given to the person, revoke the notice.

             (2)  If a technical assistance notice has been given to a person by the Director‑General of Security, and the Director‑General of Security is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the requirements imposed by the notice are not reasonable and proportionate; or

                     (b)  compliance with the notice is not:

                              (i)  practicable; and

                             (ii)  technically feasible;

the Director‑General of Security must, by written notice given to the person, revoke the notice.

             (3)  If a technical assistance notice has been given to a person by the chief officer of an interception agency, the chief officer may, by written notice given to the person, revoke the notice.

             (4)  If a technical assistance notice has been given to a person by the chief officer of an interception agency, and the chief officer is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the requirements imposed by the notice are not reasonable and proportionate; or

                     (b)  compliance with the notice is not:

                              (i)  practicable; and

                             (ii)  technically feasible;

the chief officer must, by written notice given to the person, revoke the notice.

Notification obligations

             (5)  If the Director‑General of Security revokes a technical assistance notice, the Director‑General of Security must, within 7 days after revoking the notice, notify the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security that the notice has been revoked.

             (6)  If the chief officer of an interception agency revokes a technical assistance notice, the chief officer must, within 7 days after revoking the notice, notify the Commonwealth Ombudsman that the notice has been revoked.

             (7)  A failure to comply with subsection (5) or (6) does not affect the validity of a revocation of a technical assistance notice.

317RA  Whether requirements imposed by a technical assistance notice are reasonable and proportionate

                   In considering whether the requirements imposed by a technical assistance notice or a varied technical assistance notice are reasonable and proportionate, the Director‑General of Security or the chief officer of an interception agency, as the case requires, must have regard to the following matters:

                     (a)  the interests of national security;

                     (b)  the interests of law enforcement;

                     (c)  the legitimate interests of the designated communications provider to whom the notice relates;

                     (d)  the objectives of the notice;

                     (e)  the availability of other means to achieve the objectives of the notice;

                    (ea)  whether the requirements, when compared to other forms of industry assistance known to the Director‑General of Security or the chief officer, as the case requires, are the least intrusive form of industry assistance so far as the following persons are concerned:

                              (i)  persons whose activities are not of interest to ASIO;

                             (ii)  persons whose activities are not of interest to interception agencies;

                   (eb)  whether the requirements are necessary;

                      (f)  the legitimate expectations of the Australian community relating to privacy and cybersecurity;

                     (g)  such other matters (if any) as the Director‑General of Security or the chief officer, as the case requires, considers relevant.

Division 4Technical capability notices

317S  Attorney‑General may determine procedures and arrangements relating to requests for technical capability notices

             (1)  The Attorney‑General may, by writing, determine procedures and arrangements to be followed in relation to the making of requests for technical capability notices.

             (2)  A procedure or arrangement determined under subsection (1) may require that the agreement of a person or body must be obtained before a request is made for a technical capability notice.

             (3)  A failure to comply with a determination under subsection (1) does not affect the validity of a technical capability notice.

             (4)  A determination under subsection (1) is not a legislative instrument.

317T  Technical capability notices

             (1)  The Attorney‑General may, in accordance with a request made by the Director‑General of Security or the chief officer of an interception agency, give a designated communications provider a written notice, to be known as a technical capability notice, that requires the provider to do one or more specified acts or things that:

                     (a)  are in connection with any or all of the eligible activities of the provider; and

                     (b)  are covered by subsection (2).

Note:          Section 317ZK deals with the terms and conditions on which such a requirement is to be complied with.

             (2)  The specified acts or things must:

                     (a)  be directed towards ensuring that the designated communications provider is capable of giving listed help to ASIO, or an interception agency, in relation to:

                              (i)  the performance of a function, or the exercise of a power, conferred by or under a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory, so far as the function or power relates to a relevant objective; or

                             (ii)  a matter that facilitates, or is ancillary or incidental to, a matter covered by subparagraph (i); or

                     (b)  be by way of giving help to ASIO, or an interception agency, in relation to:

                              (i)  the performance of a function, or the exercise of a power, conferred by or under a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory, so far as the function or power relates to a relevant objective; or

                             (ii)  a matter that facilitates, or is ancillary or incidental to, a matter covered by subparagraph (i).

Relevant objective

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, relevant objective means:

                     (a)  enforcing the criminal law, so far as it relates to serious Australian offences; or

                     (b)  assisting the enforcement of the criminal laws in force in a foreign country, so far as those laws relate to serious foreign offences; or

                     (c)  safeguarding national security.

Listed help

             (4)  For the purposes of the application of this section to a designated communications provider, if one or more acts or things done by the provider:

                     (a)  are by way of giving help to ASIO or an interception agency; and

                     (b)  are in connection with any or all of the eligible activities of the provider; and

                     (c)  consist of either or both of the following:

                              (i)  one or more listed acts or things (other than an act or thing covered by paragraph 317E(1)(a));

                             (ii)  one or more acts or things of a kind determined under subsection (5);

that help is listed help.

Note:          For listed acts or things, see section 317E.

             (5)  The Home Affairs Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine one or more kinds of acts or things for the purposes of subparagraph (4)(c)(ii).

             (6)  In making a determination under subsection (5), the Home Affairs Minister must have regard to the following matters:

                     (a)  the interests of law enforcement;

                     (b)  the interests of national security;

                     (c)  the objects of this Act;

                     (d)  the likely impact of the determination on designated communications providers;

                     (e)  such other matters (if any) as the Home Affairs Minister considers relevant.

Listed acts or things

             (7)  The acts or things specified in a technical capability notice given to a designated communications provider in accordance with paragraph (2)(b) must be listed acts or things, so long as those acts or things:

                     (a)  are in connection with any or all of the eligible activities of the provider; and

                     (b)  are covered by subsection (2), so far as that subsection relates to paragraph (2)(b).

Applicable costs negotiator

           (12)  A technical capability notice must specify a person as the applicable costs negotiator for the notice.

Note:          See section 317ZK.

           (13)  A person may be specified under subsection (12):

                     (a)  by name; or

                     (b)  as any person from time to time holding, occupying, or performing the duties of, a specified office or position.

317TAAA  Approval of technical capability notice

             (1)  The Attorney‑General must not give a technical capability notice to a designated communications provider unless:

                     (a)  the Attorney‑General has given the Minister a written notice setting out a proposal to give the technical capability notice; and

                     (b)  the Minister has approved the giving of the technical capability notice.

             (2)  An approval under paragraph (1)(b) may be given:

                     (a)  orally; or

                     (b)  in writing.

             (3)  If an approval under paragraph (1)(b) is given orally, the Minister must:

                     (a)  make a written record of the approval; and

                     (b)  do so within 48 hours after the approval was given.

             (4)  The Attorney‑General may make a representation to the Minister about the proposal to give the technical capability notice.

             (5)  A representation may deal with:

                     (a)  any of the matters set out in section 317ZAA; and

                     (b)  such other matters (if any) as the Attorney‑General considers relevant.

             (6)  In considering whether to approve the giving of the technical capability notice, the Minister must have regard to the following matters:

                     (a)  the objectives of the notice;

                     (b)  the legitimate interests of the designated communications provider to whom the notice relates;

                     (c)  the impact of the notice on the efficiency and international competitiveness of the Australian telecommunications industry;

                     (d)  the representation (if any) that was made under subsection (4);

                     (e)  such other matters (if any) as the Minister considers relevant.

317TAA  Provision of advice to designated communications providers

             (1)  If the Attorney‑General gives a technical capability notice to a designated communications provider, the Attorney‑General must give the provider advice relating to the provider’s obligations under whichever of sections 317ZA and 317ZB is applicable, so far as those obligations relate to the notice.

Form of advice

             (2)  Advice under subsection (1) may be given:

                     (a)  orally; or

                     (b)  in writing.

             (3)  If advice under subsection (1) is given orally, the Attorney‑General must:

                     (a)  make a written record of the advice; and

                     (b)  do so within 48 hours after the advice was given.

317TAB  Notification obligations

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the Attorney‑General gives a technical capability notice; and

                     (b)  the acts or things specified in the notice:

                              (i)  are directed towards ensuring that a designated communications provider is capable of giving listed help (within the meaning of section 317T) to ASIO in relation to a matter covered by paragraph 317T(2)(a); or

                             (ii)  are by way of giving help to ASIO in relation to a matter covered by paragraph 317T(2)(b);

the Attorney‑General must, within 7 days after the notice is given, notify the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security that the notice has been given.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the Attorney‑General gives a technical capability notice; and

                     (b)  the acts or things specified in the notice:

                              (i)  are directed towards ensuring that a designated communications provider is capable of giving listed help (within the meaning of section 317T) to an interception agency in relation to a matter covered by paragraph 317T(2)(a); or

                             (ii)  are by way of giving help to an interception agency in relation to a matter covered by paragraph 317T(2)(b);

the Attorney‑General must, within 7 days after the notice is given, notify the Commonwealth Ombudsman that the notice has been given.

             (3)  A failure to comply with subsection (1) or (2) does not affect the validity of a technical capability notice.

317TA  Duration of technical capability notice

             (1)  A technical capability notice:

                     (a)  comes in force:

                              (i)  when it is given; or

                             (ii)  if a later time is specified in the notice—at that later time; and

                     (b)  unless sooner revoked, remains in force:

                              (i)  if an expiry date is specified in the notice—until the start of the expiry date; or

                             (ii)  otherwise—at end of the 180‑day period beginning when the notice was given.

          (1A)  An expiry date specified in a technical capability notice must not be later than 12 months after the notice was given.

          (1B)  Paragraph (1)(b) has effect subject to subsection (1C).

          (1C)  If the Attorney‑General has given a technical capability notice to a designated communications provider, the Attorney‑General may, with the agreement of the provider, extend for a further period (not exceeding 12 months) or further periods (not exceeding 12 months in each case) the period for which the technical capability notice is in force.

          (1D)  If:

                     (a)  the Attorney‑General extends the period for which a technical capability notice is in force; and

                     (b)  the acts or things specified in the notice:

                              (i)  are directed towards ensuring that a designated communications provider is capable of giving listed help (within the meaning of section 317T) to ASIO in relation to a matter covered by paragraph 317T(2)(a); or

                             (ii)  are by way of giving help to ASIO in relation to a matter covered by paragraph 317T(2)(b);

the Attorney‑General must, within 7 days after extending the period, notify the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security of the extension.

          (1E)  If:

                     (a)  the Attorney‑General extends the period for which a technical capability notice is in force; and

                     (b)  the acts or things specified in the notice:

                              (i)  are directed towards ensuring that a designated communications provider is capable of giving listed help (within the meaning of section 317T) to an interception agency in relation to a matter covered by paragraph 317T(2)(a); or

                             (ii)  are by way of giving help to an interception agency in relation to a matter covered by paragraph 317T(2)(b);

the Attorney‑General must, within 7 days after extending the period, notify the Commonwealth Ombudsman of the extension.

           (1F)  A failure to comply with subsection (1D) or (1E) does not affect the validity of an extension of a technical capability notice.

             (2)  If a technical capability notice expires, this Part does not prevent the giving of a fresh technical capability notice in the same terms as the expired technical capability notice.

317U  Compliance period etc.

             (1)  A technical capability notice may require a specified act or thing to be done within a specified period.

             (2)  A technical capability notice may require a specified act or thing to be done:

                     (a)  in a specified manner; or

                     (b)  in a way that meets one or more specified conditions.

             (3)  Subsections (1) and (2) of this section do not limit subsections 317T(1) and (2).

317V  Decision‑making criteria

                   The Attorney‑General must not give a technical capability notice to a designated communications provider unless:

                     (a)  the Attorney‑General is satisfied that the requirements imposed by the notice are reasonable and proportionate; and

                     (b)  the Attorney‑General is satisfied that compliance with the notice is:

                              (i)  practicable; and

                             (ii)  technically feasible.

Note:          See also section 317ZAA.

317W  Consultation about a proposal to give a technical capability notice

             (1)  The Attorney‑General must not give a technical capability notice to a designated communications provider unless the Attorney‑General has first:

                     (a)  given the provider a written notice (the consultation notice):

                              (i)  setting out a proposal to give the technical capability notice; and

                             (ii)  inviting the provider to make a submission to the Attorney‑General on the proposed technical capability notice; and

                     (b)  considered any submission that was received within the time limit specified in the consultation notice.

             (2)  A time limit specified in a consultation notice must run for at least 28 days.

             (3)  The rule in subsection (2) does not apply to a technical capability notice given to a designated communications provider if:

                     (a)  the Attorney‑General is satisfied that the technical capability notice should be given as a matter of urgency; or

                     (b)  compliance with subsection (2) is impracticable; or

                     (c)  the provider waives compliance with subsection (2).

             (4)  For the purposes of paragraph (3)(c), a designated communications provider may waive compliance:

                     (a)  orally; or

                     (b)  in writing.

             (5)  If compliance is waived orally by a designated communications provider, the provider must:

                     (a)  make a written record of the waiver; and

                     (b)  do so within 48 hours after the waiver was made.