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Social Security (Administration) Act 1999

Authoritative Version
Act No. 191 of 1999 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Social Security Legislation Amendment (Streamlined Participation Requirements and Other Measures) Act 2022
An Act to provide for the administration of the social security law, and for related purposes
Administered by: Social Services; Education, Skills and Employment; Home Affairs; Prime Minister and Cabinet
Registered 02 May 2022
Start Date 08 Apr 2022

Commonwealth Coat of Arms of Australia

Social Security (Administration) Act 1999

No. 191, 1999

Compilation No. 150

Compilation date:                              8 April 2022

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 32, 2022

Registered:                                         2 May 2022

This compilation is in 2 volumes

Volume 1:       sections 1–123ZO

Volume 2:       sections 124–257

                        Schedules

                        Endnotes

Each volume has its own contents

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Social Security (Administration) Act 1999 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 8 April 2022 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                             1

1............................ Short title............................................................................ 1

2............................ Commencement.................................................................. 1

2A......................... Application of the Criminal Code....................................... 1

3............................ Interpretation....................................................................... 1

5............................ Manner of giving notice...................................................... 2

6............................ Effect of certain determinations........................................... 2

6A......................... Secretary may arrange for use of computer programs to make decisions 2

6B.......................... Norfolk Island.................................................................... 3

Part 2—General administration of social security law                                    4

7............................ General administration of social security law...................... 4

8............................ Principles of administration................................................ 4

10.......................... Agreement on administrative arrangements........................ 5

Part 3—Provision of benefits                                                                                          6

Division 1—Claim for social security payment or concession card    6

Subdivision A—Need for claim                                                                              6

11.......................... General rule........................................................................ 6

Subdivision B—Cases where claim not necessary                                             6

12.......................... Deemed claim in certain cases............................................. 6

12A....................... One‑off payment to the aged............................................... 7

12AA.................... One‑off payments to carers................................................. 7

12AB..................... Economic security strategy payment and training and learning bonus      8

12AC..................... One‑off energy assistance payment.................................... 8

12AD.................... 2019 one‑off energy assistance payment............................ 8

12AE..................... 2020 economic support payment........................................ 8

12AF..................... Additional economic support payments.............................. 8

12AH.................... 2022 cost of living payment................................................ 9

12B........................ Language, literacy and numeracy supplement..................... 9

12C........................ Utilities allowance............................................................... 9

12D....................... Energy supplement............................................................. 9

12DA.................... Quarterly pension supplement............................................ 9

12DB..................... Quarterly energy supplement.............................................. 9

12E........................ Child disability assistance................................................... 9

12F........................ Carer allowance.................................................................. 9

12G....................... Carer supplement.............................................................. 10

12H....................... Relocation scholarship payment........................................ 10

12K........................ Clean energy advance....................................................... 10

12L........................ FHA supplement and relief payment................................ 10

13.......................... Deemed claim—person contacting Department about a claim for a social security payment    10

14.......................... Deemed claim—person contacting Department about a claim for a concession card                13

14A....................... Determination for purposes of sections 13 and 14............ 15

15.......................... Deemed claim—incorrect or inappropriate claims............. 15

15A....................... Deemed claim—certain claims for carer allowance........... 17

Subdivision C—Manner of making a claim                                                      18

16.......................... How to make a claim........................................................ 18

17.......................... Special requirements regarding claims for pension bonus 19

18.......................... Additional provisions regarding claim for special employment advance  21

19.......................... Special requirements regarding claims for essential medical equipment payment     22

Subdivision E—Time limits for claims for pension bonus                            22

20.......................... Interpretation..................................................................... 22

21.......................... General rule...................................................................... 22

22.......................... Last bonus period a full‑year period................................. 23

23.......................... Last bonus period a part‑year period................................. 23

24.......................... Claim by exempt partnered person.................................... 24

25.......................... Claim where membership has become non‑accruing........ 24

26.......................... Claim where person has post‑75 work period.................. 25

Subdivision EA—Time limits for claims for pension bonus bereavement payment     26

26A....................... General rule...................................................................... 26

26B........................ Extension.......................................................................... 26

Subdivision EB—Time limits for claims for student start‑up loans           26

26C........................ Time limit for claim........................................................... 26

Subdivision F—Time limit for claims for fares allowance                           27

27.......................... Time limit for claim........................................................... 27

Subdivision FAA—Time limit for claims for Disaster Recovery Allowance  27

27AA.................... Time limit for claims for Disaster Recovery Allowance... 27

Subdivision FA—Time limit for claims for AGDRP                                      28

27A....................... Time limit for claim........................................................... 28

Subdivision FB—Time limit for claims for AVTOP                                      28

27B........................ Time limit for claims for AVTOP..................................... 28

Subdivision G—Age requirement for certain claims                                      29

28.......................... Claims for disability support pension............................... 29

Subdivision H—Residence requirements for claimants                                 29

29.......................... General rule...................................................................... 29

30.......................... Residence requirements for claimants for special benefit.. 29

30A....................... Exclusion from section 29 residence requirement of crisis payment claimants holding certain visas       29

31.......................... Exclusion of certain claims from requirements of section 29 30

31A....................... Exclusion of certain claims by special category visa holders from section 29 residence requirement       30

Subdivision I—Withdrawal of claim                                                                  31

33.......................... Right to withdraw............................................................. 31

34.......................... Manner of withdrawal...................................................... 31

Subdivision J—Special provision for certain claims                                      32

35.......................... Claims by persons in gaol etc........................................... 32

35A....................... Claims for advance pharmaceutical allowance.................. 32

35B........................ Secondary victim claims for AVTOP............................... 33

Division 2—Determination of claim                                                                    35

36.......................... Obligation of Secretary to determine claim....................... 35

37.......................... Grant of claim................................................................... 35

37AA.................... Grant of claim—schooling requirements.......................... 39

37A....................... Duration of certain health care cards................................. 39

38.......................... Refusal of claim for special employment advance............. 40

39.......................... Deemed refusal of claim................................................... 40

40.......................... Rejection of claim for failure to obtain foreign payment... 42

Division 2A—Employment pathway plans                                                      43

Subdivision A—Entry into employment pathway plans                                 43

40A....................... Requirement to enter into employment pathway plans...... 43

40B........................ Use of technological processes......................................... 44

40C........................ Use of questionnaire......................................................... 44

40D....................... Employment pathway plans—plans developed by the Employment Secretary         45

40E........................ Employment pathway plans—streamlined processes........ 46

40F........................ Employment pathway plan matters................................... 47

40G....................... Employment pathway plans—examples of requirements.. 48

Subdivision B—What employment pathway plans must not contain          49

40H....................... Employment pathway plans not to contain requirements about undertaking unsuitable paid work          49

40J......................... Employment pathway plans not to contain requirements to participate in an approved program of work.......................................................................................... 50

40K........................ Employment pathway plans not to contain certain other requirements     51

Subdivision C—Exemptions from employment pathway plan requirements 52

40L........................ Circumstances making it unreasonable etc. to comply with requirements                52

40M....................... Death of person’s partner................................................. 54

40N....................... Domestic violence............................................................. 55

40P........................ Caring responsibilities...................................................... 55

40Q....................... Pre‑natal and post‑natal relief............................................ 58

40R........................ Persons engaged in work.................................................. 58

40S........................ Jobseeker payment rules only........................................... 59

40T........................ Exceptional circumstances................................................ 60

40U....................... General rules..................................................................... 61

Subdivision D—Variation, cancellation and review of employment pathway plans    62

40V....................... Variation, cancellation and review of employment pathway plans           62

Subdivision E—Notification of circumstances preventing or affecting compliance with employment pathway plans                                                                                                         63

40W....................... Notification of circumstances preventing or affecting compliance with employment pathway plans        63

Division 2B—Circumstances in which paid work is unsuitable            64

40X....................... Circumstances in which paid work is unsuitable.............. 64

Division 2C—Guidelines                                                                                           67

40Y....................... Guidelines......................................................................... 67

Division 3—Commencement of social security payment                         68

41.......................... Commencement................................................................ 68

42.......................... Start day............................................................................ 68

Division 3AA—Compliance with participation payment obligations: persons other than declared program participants                                                                       69

Subdivision A—Introduction                                                                                 69

42AA.................... Simplified outline of this Division.................................... 69

42AB..................... Division not to apply to declared program participants..... 70

Subdivision B—Failures for which compliance action must be taken        70

42AC..................... Mutual obligation failures................................................. 70

42AD.................... Work refusal failures........................................................ 72

42AE..................... Unemployment failures..................................................... 73

Subdivision C—Compliance action that must be taken for particular failures             74

42AF..................... Compliance action for mutual obligation failures.............. 74

42AG.................... Compliance action for work refusal failures..................... 75

42AH.................... Compliance action for unemployment failures.................. 76

42AI...................... Reasonable excuses—matters that must or must not be taken into account              77

42AJ...................... Reasonable excuses for mutual obligation failures—prior notification required for certain failures         77

42AK..................... Relationship between provisions of this Subdivision....... 79

Subdivision D—Effect of taking particular compliance action                   79

42AL..................... Payment suspension periods for mutual obligation failures and work refusal failures             79

42AM.................... Reconnection requirements for mutual obligation failures and work refusal failures               80

42AN.................... Reducing instalments of participation payments for mutual obligation failures        80

42AO.................... Unemployment preclusion periods for unemployment failures by persons claiming participation payments.......................................................................................... 81

42AP..................... Cancelling participation payments..................................... 82

Subdivision E—Miscellaneous                                                                              84

42AQ.................... Persons for whom participation payments not payable taken to still be receiving payment for certain purposes.......................................................................................... 84

42AR..................... Minister to make determinations for purposes of this Division                85

42AS..................... Relationship with section 80............................................. 85

Division 3A—Compliance with participation payment obligations: declared program participants    86

Subdivision A—Introduction                                                                                 86

42A....................... Simplified outline of this Division.................................... 86

42B........................ Application of this Division only to declared program participants          87

Subdivision B—No show no pay failures                                                           87

42C........................ No show no pay failures................................................... 87

42D....................... Deducting the penalty amount........................................... 89

Subdivision C—Connection and reconnection failures                                  89

42E........................ Connection failures........................................................... 89

42F........................ Requiring a person to apply for job vacancies.................. 91

42G....................... Reconnection requirements............................................... 92

42H....................... Reconnection failures........................................................ 93

42J......................... Further reconnection requirements.................................... 94

42K........................ Notification requirements.................................................. 94

42L........................ Deduction of penalty amount............................................ 95

Subdivision D—Serious failures                                                                           95

42M....................... Serious failure for persistent non‑compliance................... 95

42N....................... Serious failure for refusing or failing to accept an offer of paid work      97

42NA.................... Comprehensive compliance assessment............................ 97

42NC..................... Determination about serious failure requirements and severe financial hardship      98

42P........................ Consequences of serious failure....................................... 98

42Q....................... Ending serious failure periods.......................................... 99

42R........................ Determining that participation payments payable............ 100

Subdivision E—Unemployment resulting from a voluntary act or misconduct            101

42S........................ Unemployment resulting from a voluntary act or misconduct  101

Subdivision EA—Immediate non‑payment of participation payments for certain failures       103

42SA..................... Immediate non‑payment of participation payments for certain failures     103

Subdivision EB—Failures by certain recipients of parenting payments 105

42SB..................... Suspension of payments for certain failures................... 105

Subdivision EC—Non‑attendance failures                                                      106

42SC..................... Non‑attendance failures.................................................. 106

42SD..................... Deduction of penalty amount.......................................... 106

Subdivision F—General provisions                                                                   107

42T........................ Legislative instrument determining method for working out penalty amount           107

42U....................... Legislative instruments relating to reasonable excuse..... 109

42UA.................... Prior notification of excuse............................................. 109

42V....................... Deduction from any participation payment..................... 111

42W....................... Penalty amount not a debt............................................... 112

42X....................... Payability........................................................................ 112

42Y....................... Day of determination...................................................... 112

42YA.................... Relationship between Subdivisions of this Division....... 112

42Z........................ Relationship with section 80........................................... 112

Division 4—Payment of social security payment                                       113

43.......................... Payment by instalments.................................................. 113

44.......................... Payment of instalments to person or nominee................. 118

45.......................... Payment of youth allowance—person under 18 and not independent      118

46.......................... Payment of special employment advance........................ 119

46A....................... Payment of AGDRP....................................................... 119

46B........................ Payment of AVTOP....................................................... 119

47.......................... Payment of lump sum benefits........................................ 119

47A....................... Payment of one‑off payment to the aged......................... 122

47AB..................... Payment of carer supplement.......................................... 122

47AC..................... Payment of one‑off energy assistance payment.............. 122

47AD.................... Payment of 2019 one‑off energy assistance payment..... 123

47AE..................... Payment of first 2020 economic support payment.......... 123

47AF..................... Payment of second 2020 economic support payment..... 123

47AG.................... Payment of additional economic support payment 2020. 124

47AH.................... Payment of additional economic support payment 2021. 124

47AI...................... Payment of 2022 cost of living payment......................... 124

47B........................ Payment of one‑off payments to carers........................... 125

47C........................ Payment of economic security strategy payments and training and learning bonuses              126

47CA..................... Payment of activity supplement or farm financial assessment supplement               127

47CB..................... Payment of FHA supplement or relief payment.............. 127

47D....................... Payment of clean energy advance................................... 128

47DAA................. Payment of essential medical equipment payment........... 128

47DA.................... Relocation scholarship payments.................................... 128

47DB..................... Student start‑up loans..................................................... 128

48.......................... Payment of telephone allowance..................................... 129

48A....................... Payment of utilities allowance......................................... 130

48B........................ Payment of energy supplement....................................... 130

48C........................ Payment of quarterly pension supplement...................... 131

48D....................... Payment of quarterly energy supplement........................ 131

49.......................... Timing of payment of fares allowance............................ 132

50.......................... To whom fares allowance is to be paid........................... 132

50A....................... Payment of child disability assistance............................. 133

51.......................... Advance in case of severe financial hardship.................. 133

52.......................... Payment of certain amounts outside Australia................ 134

53.......................... Payment of instalments where pension received under other legislation  135

54.......................... Rounding off instalments of social security payments.... 136

55.......................... Payment into bank account etc........................................ 136

56.......................... Youth allowance—failure to nominate parent................. 138

57.......................... Change of particular payday........................................... 138

58.......................... Payment of social security payment after death............... 139

59.......................... Payment of pension bonus or pension bonus bereavement payment after death      139

Division 5—Protection of social security payments                                 142

60.......................... Protection of social security payment.............................. 142

61.......................... Deduction at request of recipient—payments to Commissioner of Taxation            142

61A....................... Deduction at request of recipient—other payments......... 142

62.......................... Effect of garnishee or attachment order........................... 143

Division 6—Requirement to provide information, undergo medical examination etc.  144

Subdivision A—General                                                                                       144

63.......................... Requirement to attend Department etc............................. 144

63A....................... Proof of life certificate.................................................... 147

64.......................... Effect of failing to comply with requirement to attend Department etc.    148

66.......................... Notice to obtain foreign payment.................................... 150

Subdivision B—Requirement to give information about change of circumstances etc.               152

66A....................... General requirement to inform of a change of circumstances etc.             152

67.......................... Person who has made a claim......................................... 154

68.......................... Person receiving social security payment or holding concession card      155

69.......................... Person who has received a social security payment or who has held a concession card          156

70.......................... Care receiver in respect of whom carer payment being made 157

70A....................... Person who is subject to the income management regime etc.  158

70B........................ Person who is subject to cashless welfare arrangements etc. 158

72.......................... Provisions relating to notice............................................ 159

73.......................... Application of provisions............................................... 162

74.......................... Offence—failure to comply with notice.......................... 162

Subdivision C—Provision of tax file numbers                                               163

75.......................... Requesting tax file numbers............................................ 163

76.......................... How request for tax file number is satisfied................... 164

77.......................... Consequences of not giving tax file number................... 166

Division 7—Various determinations                                                                 169

Subdivision A—Provisions relating to social security payments               169

78A....................... When this Subdivision does not apply............................ 169

78.......................... Rate increase determination............................................. 169

79.......................... Rate reduction determination........................................... 169

80.......................... Cancellation or suspension determination....................... 170

81.......................... Cancellation or suspension for non‑compliance with certain notices        171

81A....................... Rate reduction determination for non‑compliance with notice relating to rent assistance          172

82.......................... Cancellation or suspension for failure to take action to obtain foreign payment       173

83.......................... Changes to payments by computer................................. 173

84.......................... Automatic transfer by computer...................................... 174

85.......................... Resumption of payment after cancellation or suspension—general          174

85AA.................... Resumption of payment after cancellation or suspension—provision of proof of life certificate              175

85A....................... Rate increase determination following rate reduction for non‑compliance with notice relating to rent assistance........................................................................................ 176

Subdivision B—Provisions relating to concession cards                             177

86.......................... Cancellation—person not qualified................................. 177

87.......................... Cancellation—non‑compliance with certain notices........ 178

88.......................... Changes to qualification by computer............................. 178

89.......................... Resumption of qualification............................................ 178

Division 8—Automatic cancellations and variations                               180

Subdivision A—Social security payments                                                        180

90A....................... When this Subdivision does not apply............................ 180

90.......................... Automatic cancellation—transfer to new payment type.. 180

91.......................... Automatic cancellation of parenting payment on transfer to new payment type—member of couple       180

93.......................... Automatic cancellation—recipient complying with subsection 68(2) notice             181

94.......................... Automatic cancellation—recipient not complying with subsection 68(2) notice       184

95.......................... Automatic cancellation—failure to provide statement under subsection 68(2)         185

95A....................... Automatic cancellation of carer payment for non‑compliance with section 70 notice               186

95B........................ Automatic suspension or cancellation—carer allowance. 186

95C........................ Social security payment—suspension instead of cancellation under section 93 or 94              187

96.......................... Disability support pension—suspension instead of cancellation under section 93   188

97.......................... Disability support pension—suspension taken to have been under section 96         190

97A....................... Disability support pension—suspension instead of cancellation under section 94 (person obtains work)........................................................................................ 192

97B........................ Disability support pension—suspension instead of cancellation under section 94 (person’s income)     194

98.......................... Automatic rate reduction—partner starting to receive pension or benefit 196

99.......................... Automatic rate reduction—recipient complying with subsection 68(2) notice          197

100........................ Automatic rate reduction—recipient not complying with subsection 68(2) notice    199

101........................ Automatic rate reduction—receipt of pension or veteran payment by person receiving parenting payment........................................................................................ 201

103........................ Changes to payments by computer following automatic cancellation or reduction   201

Subdivision B—Concession cards                                                                      202

104........................ Automatic cancellation—holder complying with subsection 68(4) notice                202

105........................ Automatic cancellation—holder not complying with subsection 68(4) notice          202

106........................ Changes by computer following automatic cancellation.. 203

106A..................... Automatic cancellation on cessation of qualification....... 203

Subdivision C—Additional provision for certain pensioner concession cards and automatic issue health care cards                                                                                                       204

106B...................... Automatic cancellation.................................................... 204

Division 9—Date of effect of determinations                                               206

Subdivision A—Determinations relating to claims                                       206

107........................ General rule.................................................................... 206

Subdivision B—Determinations under section 78, 81A, 85, 85AA or 85A 208

108........................ Definition........................................................................ 208

109........................ Date of effect of favourable determination resulting from review            208

109A..................... Date of effect of determination under section 78 resulting from review required by section 126A          210

110........................ Date of effect of favourable determination...................... 210

110A..................... Date of effect of favourable determinations resuming payment after suspensions relating to non‑compliance........................................................................................ 215

111........................ Date of effect of section 78 determination resulting from indexation or adjustment 216

114........................ Date of effect of other favourable determinations........... 216

114A..................... Date of effect of favourable determination—portability extensions          217

Subdivision C—Determinations under section 89                                          217

115........................ Definition........................................................................ 217

116........................ Date of effect of favourable determination resulting from review—concession cards              217

Subdivision D—Date of effect of adverse determinations relating to social security payments                219

117........................ Definition........................................................................ 219

118........................ Date of effect of adverse determinations—general rules. 219

120........................ Additional rules in the case of carer payment.................. 229

Subdivision E—Date of effect of adverse determinations relating to concession cards              234

121........................ Definition........................................................................ 234

122........................ Date of effect of adverse determinations......................... 234

Division 10—Continuing effect of determinations                                    235

123........................ Continuing effect of determinations................................ 235

Division 11—Estimates and verification of maintenance income for Youth Allowance Rate Calculator                                                                                                                    236

123AA.................. Estimate of maintenance income for Youth Allowance Rate Calculator   236

123AB................... Verification of maintenance income for Youth Allowance Rate Calculator              236

123AC................... Annualised maintenance income free area....................... 238

123AD.................. Annual amount of estimated maintenance income........... 239

Part 3A—Nominees                                                                                                          240

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                          240

123A..................... Definitions...................................................................... 240

Division 2—Appointment of nominees                                                             242

123B...................... Appointment of payment nominee.................................. 242

123C...................... Appointment of correspondence nominee....................... 242

123D..................... Provisions relating to appointments................................ 242

123E...................... Suspension and revocation of nominee appointments..... 243

Division 3—Payments to payment nominee                                                  245

123F...................... Payment of instalments etc. to payment nominee............ 245

Division 4—Functions and responsibilities of nominees                         246

123G..................... Definition........................................................................ 246

123H..................... Actions of correspondence nominee on behalf of benefit recipient          246

123I....................... Giving of notices to correspondence nominee................ 247

123J....................... Compliance by correspondence nominee........................ 248

123K...................... Notification by nominee of matters affecting ability to act as nominee     249

123L...................... Statement by payment nominee regarding disposal of money  251

Division 5—Other matters                                                                                     253

123M..................... Protection of principal against liability for actions of nominee 253

123N..................... Protection of nominee against criminal liability............... 253

123O..................... Duty of nominee to principal.......................................... 253

123P...................... Saving of Secretary’s powers of revocation................... 254

123Q..................... Saving of Secretary’s powers to give notices to principal 254

123R...................... Notification of nominee where notice given to principal. 254

123S...................... Right of nominee to attend with principal....................... 254

Part 3B—Income management regime                                                                 256

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        256

123TA................... Simplified outline............................................................ 256

123TB................... Objects............................................................................ 257

123TC................... Definitions...................................................................... 258

123TF.................... Declared child protection State or Territory.................... 267

123TG................... Declared primary school area and declared secondary school area           268

123TGAA............. Recognised State/Territory authority............................... 268

123TGAB............. Recognised State or Territory......................................... 269

123TGA................ Declared voluntary income management area................. 270

123TH................... Priority needs.................................................................. 270

123TI..................... Excluded goods and excluded services........................... 272

123TJ.................... Pornographic material..................................................... 272

123TK................... Eligible recipient............................................................. 273

Division 2—Persons subject to the income management regime      274

Subdivision A—Situations in which a person is subject to the income management regime       274

123UA.................. Persons subject to the income management regime......... 274

123UC................... Persons subject to the income management regime—child protection      274

123UCA................ Persons subject to the income management regime—vulnerable welfare payment recipients   275

123UCB................ Persons subject to the income management regime—disengaged youth  276

123UCC................ Persons subject to the income management regime—long‑term welfare payment recipients    277

123UD.................. Persons subject to the income management regime—school enrolment   279

123UE................... Persons subject to the income management regime—school attendance  281

123UF................... Persons subject to the income management regime—Queensland Commission      282

123UFAA............. Persons subject to the income management regime—other State/Territory referrals                284

123UFA................ Persons subject to the income management regime—voluntary income management agreement             285

Subdivision BA—Additional provisions relating to vulnerable welfare payment recipients     286

123UGA............... Vulnerable welfare payment recipients........................... 286

Subdivision BB—Additional provisions relating to disengaged youth and long‑term welfare payment recipients                                                                                                       288

123UGB................ Exempt welfare payment recipient—inclusion in specified class              288

123UGC................ Exempt welfare payment recipient—person is not the principal carer of a child       288

123UGD............... Exempt welfare payment recipient—person is the principal carer of a child             289

123UGF................ Full‑time student............................................................. 291

123UGG............... School age child.............................................................. 291

Subdivision C—Additional provisions relating to school enrolment and attendance   292

123UH.................. Eligible care child............................................................ 292

123UI.................... Applicable school period................................................ 292

123UJ.................... Eligible care period......................................................... 293

123UK................... Unsatisfactory school attendance situation...................... 293

123UL................... Formal warning—unsatisfactory school attendance situation.. 293

Subdivision D—Voluntary income management agreements                    294

123UM.................. Voluntary income management agreement...................... 294

123UN.................. Duration of voluntary income management agreement... 295

123UO.................. Termination of voluntary income management agreement 296

Subdivision E—Relationship with Part 3D for Northern Territory program participants        298

123UP................... Relationship with Part 3D for Northern Territory program participants   298

Division 3—Establishment of the Income Management Record       299

123VA.................. Establishment of the Income Management Record......... 299

123VC................... Bank account.................................................................. 299

Division 4—Income management accounts                                                  300

Subdivision A—Income management accounts                                              300

123WA.................. Income management accounts......................................... 300

123WB.................. Opening of income management accounts...................... 300

123WC.................. Closing of income management accounts....................... 301

123WD.................. Income management accounts may have a nil balance.... 301

123WE.................. One income management account per person................. 301

123WF.................. Credits to, and debits from, a person’s income management account       302

Subdivision B—Account statements                                                                  302

123WG.................. Internet and telephone access to account statements etc.. 302

123WH.................. Person may request account statements.......................... 303

123WI................... Account statements to be given....................................... 303

Subdivision C—Miscellaneous                                                                            304

123WJ................... Payment of credit balances of income management accounts—person ceases to be subject to the income management regime........................................................ 304

123WJA................ Ceasing payment of credit balances of income management accounts—person becomes subject to the income management regime again............................................... 307

123WK.................. Payment into bank account etc. of credit balances of income management accounts—person ceases to be subject to the income management regime...................... 308

123WL.................. Payment of credit balances of income management accounts—person dies             309

123WM................. Payment into bank account etc. of credit balances of income management accounts—person dies          310

123WN.................. Crediting of amounts to income management accounts—Ministerial rules              311

Division 5—Deductions from welfare payments                                        312

Subdivision B—Child protection                                                                        312

123XI.................... Deductions from category I welfare payments—instalments 312

123XJ.................... Deductions from category I welfare payments—lump sums 313

Subdivision BA—Vulnerable welfare payment recipients                          314

123XJA................. Deductions from category I welfare payments—instalments 314

123XJB................. Deductions from category I welfare payments—lump sums 315

Subdivision BB—Disengaged youth and long‑term welfare payment recipients           316

123XJC................. Deductions from category I welfare payments—instalments 316

123XJD................. Deductions from category I welfare payments—lump sums 317

Subdivision C—School enrolment and attendance                                        318

123XK................... Deductions from category I welfare payments—instalments 318

123XL................... Deductions from category I welfare payments—lump sums 319

Subdivision D—Queensland Commission                                                        320

123XM.................. Deductions from category Q welfare payments—instalments  320

123XN.................. Deductions from category Q welfare payments—lump sums  320

123XO.................. Deductions from category S welfare payments—instalments  321

123XP................... Deductions from category S welfare payments—lump sums.. 322

Subdivision DAA—Other State/Territory referrals                                     323

123XPAA............. Deductions from category I welfare payments—instalments 323

123XPAB............. Deductions from category I welfare payments—lump sums 324

Subdivision DA—Voluntary income management agreements                 325

123XPA................ Deductions from category I welfare payments—instalments 325

123XPB................ Deductions from category I welfare payments—lump sums 326

Subdivision DB—Economic support payments, economic security strategy payments, household stimulus payments and cost of living payments                                                    327

123XPBA............. Deductions from 2020 economic support payments....... 327

123XPBB.............. Deductions from additional economic support payments 328

123XPC................ Deductions from economic security strategy payments.. 328

123XPD................ Deductions from household stimulus payments............. 329

123XPE................. Deductions from 2022 cost of living payment................ 330

Subdivision DC—Relocation scholarship payments                                     330

123XPG................ Deductions from relocation scholarship payments.......... 330

Subdivision DE—Clean energy income‑managed payments                      331

123XPJ................. Deductions from clean energy income‑managed payments 331

Subdivision DF—ETR income‑managed payments                                      332

123XPK................ Deductions from ETR income‑managed payments......... 332

Subdivision E—Deducted amount taken to have been paid                         332

123XQ.................. Deducted amount taken to have been paid...................... 332

Division 6—Debits from income management accounts                        334

Subdivision A—General                                                                                       334

123YA.................. Priority needs—application of income management account 334

123YB................... Secretary must have regard to the best interests of children 335

Subdivision B—Restricted debits                                                                       336

123YC................... Vouchers—general......................................................... 336

123YD.................. Vouchers—Part 3B payment nominee............................ 337

123YE................... Stored value cards—general........................................... 339

123YF................... Stored value cards—Part 3B payment nominee.............. 341

123YG.................. Expense payment—general............................................. 343

123YH.................. Expense payment—Part 3B payment nominee............... 345

123YI.................... Crediting of account—general........................................ 346

123YJ.................... Crediting of account—Part 3B payment nominee........... 348

123YK................... Transfers to accounts—general....................................... 350

123YL................... Transfers to accounts—Part 3B payment nominee......... 352

123YM.................. Restricted direct payment—general................................. 353

123YN.................. Restricted direct payment—Part 3B payment nominee... 356

Subdivision C—Unrestricted debits                                                                   359

123YO.................. Unrestricted direct payment—general............................. 359

123YP................... Unrestricted direct payment—Part 3B payment nominee 361

Subdivision D—Miscellaneous action                                                               363

123YQ.................. Miscellaneous action....................................................... 363

123YR................... Credit of income management account in error............... 365

Division 7—Information                                                                                         366

123ZB................... Information‑gathering powers—school enrolment and attendance           366

123ZC................... Child protection—notice of cancellation of category H welfare payments               366

123ZD................... Queensland Commission—notice of cancellation of welfare payments   367

123ZDA................ Other State/Territory referrals—notice of cancellation of category H welfare payments          367

123ZE.................... Disclosure of information to the Secretary—child protection.. 368

123ZEA................. Disclosure of information to the Secretary—Queensland Commission   368

123ZEAA.............. Disclosure of information to the Secretary—other State/Territory referrals             369

123ZEB................. Disclosure of information to the Secretary—school enrolment and attendance        370

Division 8—Debt recovery etc.                                                                           371

123ZF.................... Person other than payee obtaining payment of a cheque. 371

123ZG................... Misuse of vouchers and stored value cards.................... 372

123ZH................... Repayment of money credited to an account................... 373

123ZI..................... Breach of condition relating to crediting of account........ 374

123ZIA.................. Balance of income management account falls below value of action taken under Division 6   375

123ZJ.................... Value of action taken under Division 6 exceeds credit balance of income management account              376

123ZJA................. Action purportedly taken under Division 6 as a result of administrative error         379

Division 9—Miscellaneous                                                                                     382

123ZK................... Secretary must comply with certain directions given by the Queensland Commission            382

123ZL.................... Surrender of unused vouchers and unused stored value cards 382

123ZM.................. Vouchers........................................................................ 383

123ZN................... Appropriation................................................................. 384

123ZNA................ Recording of amounts in accounts and records............... 385

123ZO................... This Part has effect despite other provisions etc............. 385

 


An Act to provide for the administration of the social security law, and for related purposes

Part 1Preliminary

  

1  Short title

                   This Act may be cited as the Social Security (Administration) Act 1999.

2  Commencement

             (1)  Subject to subsections (2) and (3), this Act commences on 20 March 2000.

             (2)  This Part and section 257 commence on the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent.

             (3)  Section 54 commences on 1 July 2000.

2A  Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code applies to all offences against this Act.

3  Interpretation

             (1)  Unless a contrary intention appears, an expression that is defined in Schedule 1 has in this Act the meaning given in that Schedule.

             (2)  Unless a contrary intention appears, an expression that is used in the 1991 Act has the same meaning, when used in this Act, as in the 1991 Act.

             (5)  To the extent that a provision of this Act relates to a double orphan pension, a reference in the provision to a person includes a reference to an approved care organisation.

             (6)  Unless a contrary intention appears, a reference in this Act (other than section 243) to this Act includes a reference to regulations made under section 243.

5  Manner of giving notice

             (1)  If a provision of the social security law requires that a written notice be given to a person, it is sufficient compliance with that provision if the notice is given in a manner approved by the Secretary.

             (2)  Nothing in subsection (1) prevents a notice being given in accordance with section 28A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

6  Effect of certain determinations

                   If the social security law provides that a determination takes effect on a day (the earlier day) before the day on which the determination is made, the social security law has effect as if the determination had taken effect on the earlier day.

6A  Secretary may arrange for use of computer programs to make decisions

             (1)  The Secretary may arrange for the use, under the Secretary’s control, of computer programs for any purposes for which the Secretary or any other officer may make decisions under the social security law.

Note:          The definition of decision in the 1991 Act applies for the purposes of this section: see subsection 3(2) of this Act. That definition covers the doing of any act or thing. This means, for example, that the doing of things under subsection 202(1) or (2) of this Act are decisions for the purposes of this section.

             (2)  A decision made by the operation of a computer program under an arrangement made under subsection (1) is taken to be a decision made by the Secretary.

6B  Norfolk Island

                   This Act extends to Norfolk Island.

Part 2General administration of social security law

  

7  General administration of social security law

                   The Secretary is, subject to any direction of the Minister, to have the general administration of the social security law.

8  Principles of administration

                   In administering the social security law, the Secretary is to have regard to:

                     (a)  the desirability of achieving the following results:

                              (i)  the ready availability to members of the public of advice and information services relating to income support generally and to the social security payments that are available;

                             (ii)  the ready availability of publications containing clear statements about income support entitlements and procedural requirements;

                            (iii)  the delivery of services under the law in a fair, courteous, prompt and cost‑efficient manner;

                            (iv)  the development of a process of monitoring and evaluating delivery of programs with an emphasis on the impact of programs on social security recipients;

                             (v)  the establishment of procedures to ensure that abuses of the social security system are minimised; and

                     (b)  the special needs of disadvantaged groups in the community; and

                     (c)  the need to be responsive to the interests of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities and to cultural and linguistic diversity; and

                     (d)  the importance of the system of review of decisions under the social security law; and

                     (e)  the need to ensure that social security recipients have adequate information regarding the system of review of decisions under the social security law; and

                      (f)  the need to apply government policy in accordance with the law and with due regard to relevant decisions of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal.

10  Agreement on administrative arrangements

             (2)  The Secretary and the Employment Secretary may agree on administrative arrangements to further the objectives of Part 2.12 of the 1991 Act.

             (3)  Administrative arrangements agreed on under subsection (2) may provide for officers of the Employment Department to perform functions or duties, or exercise powers, under Part 2.12 of the 1991 Act.

Part 3Provision of benefits

Division 1Claim for social security payment or concession card

Subdivision ANeed for claim

11  General rule

             (1)  Subject to subsections (2) and (3) and Subdivision B, a person who wants to be granted:

                     (a)  a social security payment; or

                     (b)  a concession card;

must make a claim for the payment or card in accordance with this Division.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a concession card for which a person is qualified under Division 1 of Part 2A.1 of the 1991 Act or under Subdivision A of Division 3 of that Part.

             (3)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a seniors health card that the Secretary must issue to a person under subsection 1061ZJA(3) or (4) of the 1991 Act.

Subdivision BCases where claim not necessary

12  Deemed claim in certain cases

             (1)  The Secretary may determine that, for the purposes of the social security law, a person is taken to have made a claim for an income support payment (the new payment), if:

                     (a)  the person became qualified for the new payment while receiving another income support payment; or

                     (b)  the person became qualified for the new payment immediately after ceasing to receive another income support payment.

             (2)  The person is taken to have made the claim for the new payment on the day specified in the Secretary’s determination. That day must not be earlier than:

                     (a)  the day that is 13 weeks before the day on which the Secretary’s determination is made; or

                     (b)  if the person became qualified for the new payment after the day referred to in paragraph (a)—the day on which the person became qualified for the new payment.

12A  One‑off payment to the aged

                   A claim is not required for one‑off payment to the aged.

12AA  One‑off payments to carers

                   A claim is not required for the following:

                     (a)  one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related);

                     (b)  one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related);

                     (c)  2005 one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related);

                     (d)  2005 one‑off payment to carers (carer service pension related);

                     (e)  2005 one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related);

                      (f)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related);

                     (g)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (wife pension related);

                     (h)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (partner service pension related);

                      (i)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (carer service pension related);

                      (j)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related);

                     (k)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related);

                      (l)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (wife pension related);

                    (m)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (partner service pension related);

                     (n)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (carer service pension related);

                     (o)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related);

                     (p)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related);

                     (q)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (wife pension related);

                      (r)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (partner service pension related);

                      (s)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (carer service pension related);

                      (t)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related).

12AB  Economic security strategy payment and training and learning bonus

                   A claim is not required for an economic security strategy payment or training and learning bonus.

12AC  One‑off energy assistance payment

                   A claim is not required for a one‑off energy assistance payment under Part 2.6 of the 1991 Act.

12AD  2019 one‑off energy assistance payment

                   A claim is not required for a one‑off energy assistance payment under Part 2.6A of the 1991 Act.

12AE  2020 economic support payment

                   A claim is not required for:

                     (a)  a first 2020 economic support payment under Division 1 of Part 2.6B of the 1991 Act; or

                     (b)  a second 2020 economic support payment under Division 2 of Part 2.6B of the 1991 Act.

12AF  Additional economic support payments

                   A claim is not required for:

                     (a)  an additional economic support payment 2020 under Division 1 of Part 2.6C of the 1991 Act; or

                     (b)  an additional economic support payment 2021 under Division 2 of Part 2.6C of the 1991 Act.

12AH  2022 cost of living payment

                   A claim is not required for a 2022 cost of living payment under Division 1 of Part 2.6D of the 1991 Act.

12B  Language, literacy and numeracy supplement

                   A claim is not required for language, literacy and numeracy supplement.

12C  Utilities allowance

                   A claim is not required for utilities allowance.

12D  Energy supplement

                   A claim is not required for energy supplement under Part 2.25B of the 1991 Act.

12DA  Quarterly pension supplement

                   A claim is not required for quarterly pension supplement.

12DB  Quarterly energy supplement

                   A claim is not required for quarterly energy supplement.

12E  Child disability assistance

                   A claim is not required for child disability assistance.

12F  Carer allowance

                   A claim is not required for carer allowance if the person qualifies for the carer allowance under section 954B.

12G  Carer supplement

                   A claim is not required for carer supplement.

12H  Relocation scholarship payment

                   A claim is not required for a relocation scholarship payment.

12K  Clean energy advance

                   A claim is not required for a clean energy advance.

12L  FHA supplement and relief payment

                   A claim is not required for FHA supplement or relief payment.

13  Deemed claim—person contacting Department about a claim for a social security payment

             (1)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  the Department is contacted by or on behalf of a person in relation to a claim for a social security payment; and

                    (aa)  the person is, on the day on which the Department is contacted, included in a class of persons determined in an instrument under section 14A; and

                     (b)  the person is, on the day on which the Department is contacted, qualified for the social security payment; and

                     (d)  the person lodges a claim for the social security payment within 14 days after the Department is contacted;

the person is taken to have made a claim for the social security payment on the day on which the Department was contacted.

             (2)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  the Department is contacted by or on behalf of a person in relation to a claim for a social security payment, other than crisis payment or special employment advance; and

                    (aa)  the person is, on the day on which the Department is contacted, included in a class of persons determined in an instrument under section 14A; and

                     (b)  the person is, on the day on which the Department is contacted, qualified for the social security payment; and

                     (d)  the person lodges a claim for the payment more than 14 days, but not more than 13 weeks, after the Department is contacted; and

                     (e)  the Secretary is satisfied that:

                              (i)  throughout the period starting on the day on which the Department was contacted and ending on the day on which the person lodged the claim, the person was suffering from a medical condition; and

                             (ii)  that medical condition, or circumstances related to that medical condition, had a significant adverse effect on the person’s ability to lodge the claim earlier;

the person is taken to have made a claim for the social security payment on the day on which the Department was contacted.

             (3)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  the Department is contacted by or on behalf of a person (the claimant) in relation to a claim for a social security payment, other than crisis payment or special employment advance; and

                    (aa)  the claimant is, on the day on which the Department is contacted, included in a class of persons determined in an instrument under section 14A; and

                     (b)  the claimant is, on the day on which the Department is contacted, qualified for the social security payment; and

                     (d)  the claimant lodges a claim for the payment more than 14 days, but not more than 13 weeks, after the Department is contacted; and

                     (e)  the Secretary is satisfied that:

                              (i)  throughout the period starting on the day on which the Department was contacted and ending on the day on which the claimant lodged the claim, the claimant was caring for, or was the partner of, another person; and

                             (ii)  throughout that period, the other person suffered from a medical condition; and

                            (iii)  the medical condition, or circumstances related to the medical condition, from which the other person was suffering had a significant adverse effect on the claimant’s ability to lodge the claim earlier;

the claimant is taken to have made a claim for the social security payment on the day on which the Department was contacted.

          (3A)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  the Department is contacted by or on behalf of a person in relation to a claim for a social security payment; and

                    (aa)  the person is, on the day on which the Department is contacted, included in a class of persons determined in an instrument under section 14A; and

                     (b)  the person is, on the day on which the Department is contacted, qualified for the social security payment; and

                     (d)  the person lodges a claim for the social security payment more than 14 days, but not more than 13 weeks, after the Department is contacted; and

                     (e)  the Secretary is satisfied that, in the special circumstances of the case, it was not reasonably practicable for the person to lodge the claim earlier;

the person is taken to have made a claim for the social security payment on the day on which the Department was contacted.

             (4)  A reference in this section to the Department being contacted includes a reference to the Department being contacted by post or telephone or by the transmission of a message by the use of fax, computer equipment or other electronic means.

             (5)  This section has effect subject to section 18.

14  Deemed claim—person contacting Department about a claim for a concession card

             (1)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  the Department is contacted by or on behalf of a person in relation to a claim for a concession card; and

                    (aa)  the person is, on the day on which the Department is contacted, included in a class of persons determined in an instrument under section 14A; and

                     (b)  the person is, on the day on which the Department is contacted, qualified for the concession card; and

                     (d)  the person lodges a claim for the concession card within 14 days after he or she contacts the Department;

the person is taken to have made a claim for the concession card on the day on which the Department was contacted.

             (2)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  the Department is contacted by or on behalf of a person in relation to a claim for a concession card; and

                    (aa)  the person is, on the day on which the Department is contacted, included in a class of persons determined in an instrument under section 14A; and

                     (b)  the person is, on the day on which the Department is contacted, qualified for the concession card; and

                     (d)  the person lodges a claim for the concession card more than 14 days, but not more than 13 weeks, after the Department is contacted; and

                     (e)  the Secretary is satisfied that:

                              (i)  throughout the period starting on the day on which the Department was contacted and ending on the day on which the person lodged the claim, the person was suffering from a medical condition; and

                             (ii)  that medical condition, or circumstances related to that medical condition, had a significant adverse effect on the person’s ability to lodge the claim earlier;

the person is taken to have made a claim for the concession card on the day on which the Department was contacted.

             (3)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  the Department is contacted by or on behalf of a person (the claimant) in relation to a claim for a concession card; and

                    (aa)  the claimant is, on the day on which the Department is contacted, included in a class of persons determined in an instrument under section 14A; and

                     (b)  the claimant is, on the day on which the Department is contacted, qualified for the concession card; and

                     (d)  the claimant lodges a claim for the concession card more than 14 days, but not more than 13 weeks, after the Department is contacted; and

                     (e)  the Secretary is satisfied that:

                              (i)  throughout the period starting on the day on which the Department was contacted and ending on the day on which the claimant lodged the claim, the claimant was caring for, or was the partner of, another person; and

                             (ii)  throughout that period, the other person suffered from a medical condition; and

                            (iii)  the medical condition, or circumstances related to the medical condition, from which the other person was suffering had a significant adverse effect on the claimant’s ability to lodge the claim earlier;

the claimant is taken to have made a claim for the concession card on the day on which the Department was contacted.

          (3A)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  the Department is contacted by or on behalf of a person in relation to a claim for a concession card; and

                    (aa)  the person is, on the day on which the Department is contacted, included in a class of persons determined in an instrument under section 14A; and

                     (b)  the person is, on the day on which the Department is contacted, qualified for the concession card; and

                     (d)  the person lodges a claim for the concession card more than 14 days, but not more than 13 weeks, after the Department is contacted; and

                     (e)  the Secretary is satisfied that, in the special circumstances of the case, it was not reasonably practicable for the person to lodge the claim earlier;

the person is taken to have made a claim for the concession card on the day on which the Department was contacted.

             (4)  A reference in this section to the Department being contacted includes a reference to the Department being contacted by post or telephone or by the transmission of a message by the use of fax, computer equipment or other electronic means.

14A  Determination for purposes of sections 13 and 14

                   The Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine a class of persons for the purposes of paragraphs 13(1)(aa), (2)(aa), (3)(aa) and (3A)(aa) and 14(1)(aa), (2)(aa), (3)(aa) and (3A)(aa).

15  Deemed claim—incorrect or inappropriate claims

             (1)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  a person makes an incorrect claim; and

                     (b)  the person subsequently makes a claim for a social security payment for which the person is qualified; and

                     (c)  the Secretary is satisfied that it is reasonable that this subsection be applied;

the person is taken to have made a claim for that social security payment on the day on which he or she made the incorrect claim.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, a claim made by a person is an incorrect claim if:

                     (a)  the claim is for a social security payment, other than a supplementary payment; and

                     (b)  when the claim was made, the person was not qualified for the payment claimed but was qualified for another social security payment, other than a supplementary payment.

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, a claim made by a person is an incorrect claim if:

                     (a)  the claim is for a supplementary payment; and

                     (b)  when the claim was made, the person was not qualified for the payment claimed but was qualified for another supplementary payment.

             (4)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  a person makes a claim for a pension, allowance, benefit or other payment under a law of the Commonwealth, other than this Act or the 1991 Act, or under a program administered by the Commonwealth, that is similar in character to a social security payment, other than a supplementary payment (the initial claim); and

                     (b)  when the claim was made, the person was qualified for a social security payment, other than a supplementary payment; and

                     (c)  the person subsequently makes a claim for the social security payment referred to in paragraph (b) (the later claim); and

                     (d)  the Secretary is satisfied that it is reasonable that this subsection be applied;

the person is taken to have made the later claim on the day on which the initial claim was made.

          (4A)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  a person makes a claim for an income support payment (the initial claim); and

                     (b)  on the day on which the initial claim is made, the person is qualified for another income support payment (the other income support payment); and

                     (c)  the person subsequently makes a claim for the other income support payment (the later claim); and

                     (d)  the Secretary is satisfied that it is reasonable that this subsection be applied;

the person is taken to have made the later claim on the day on which the initial claim was made.

          (4B)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  a person makes a claim for a supplementary payment (the initial claim); and

                     (b)  on the day on which the initial claim is made, the person is qualified for another supplementary payment (the other supplementary payment); and

                     (c)  the person subsequently makes a claim for the other supplementary payment (the later claim); and

                     (d)  the Secretary is satisfied that it is reasonable that this subsection be applied;

the person is taken to have made the later claim on the day on which the initial claim was made.

             (5)  In this section:

supplementary payment means:

                     (a)  carer allowance; or

                     (b)  double orphan pension; or

                     (c)  education entry payment; or

                      (i)  mobility allowance; or

                      (j)  pensioner education supplement.

15A  Deemed claim—certain claims for carer allowance

Claim for carer payment rejected

             (1)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  on or after 1 July 2009, a person (the carer) makes a claim for a carer payment for caring for a person because the carer is qualified for the payment other than under paragraph 198(2)(d); and

                     (b)  the Secretary makes a determination rejecting the claim; and

                     (c)  within 28 days of being notified of the determination, the carer makes a claim for carer allowance for caring for the person; and

                     (d)  the carer is qualified under section 953 of the 1991 Act for carer allowance for the person; and

                     (e)  the Secretary is satisfied that it is reasonable that this section be applied;

the carer is taken to have made a claim for carer allowance on the day on which the carer made the claim for a carer payment.

Carer payment suspended or cancelled

             (2)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  on or after 1 July 2009, a person (the carer) is receiving the carer payment for caring for one or more persons because the carer is qualified for the payment other than under paragraph 198(2)(d); and

                     (b)  the Secretary makes a determination cancelling or suspending the carer’s carer payment; and

                     (c)  within 28 days of being notified of the determination, the carer makes a claim for carer allowance for caring for the person; and

                     (d)  the carer is qualified under section 953 of the 1991 Act for carer allowance for the person; and

                     (e)  the Secretary is satisfied that it is reasonable that this section be applied;

the carer is taken to have made a claim for carer allowance on the day after the day on which the cancellation or suspension took effect.

Subdivision CManner of making a claim

16  How to make a claim

             (1)  A person makes a claim for a social security payment or a concession card:

                     (a)  by lodging a written claim for the payment or card; or

                     (b)  by making the claim in accordance with subsection (7).

             (2)  A written claim for the purpose of subsection (1) for one social security payment or for a concession card must be in accordance with a form approved by the Secretary.

             (3)  Two or more written claims by the same person may be combined in one claim. Such a claim must be made in accordance with a form approved by the Secretary for the purposes of this subsection.

             (4)  A written claim is lodged by being delivered:

                     (a)  to a person apparently performing duties at a place approved for the purpose by the Secretary; or

                     (b)  to a person approved for the purpose by the Secretary; or

                     (c)  in a manner, and to a place, approved for the purpose by the Secretary.

             (5)  Subject to subsection (6), a place or person approved for the purposes of subsection (4) must be a place or person in Australia.

             (6)  The Secretary may approve a place or person outside Australia for the purposes of subsection (4) for the lodgment of:

                     (a)  claims made under a scheduled international social security agreement; or

                     (b)  claims for AGDRP in relation to a major disaster that occurred outside Australia; or

                     (c)  claims for AVTOP.

             (7)  A person may make a claim in a manner approved by the Secretary for the purposes of this subsection.

             (8)  The power of the Secretary to make an approval under subsection (7) is not limited by any other provision of this section.

17  Special requirements regarding claims for pension bonus

             (1)  A claim for pension bonus must be:

                     (a)  attached to a proper claim made by the person for age pension and lodged together with that claim for age pension; or

                     (b)  made in accordance with an invitation under subsection (3); or

                     (c)  the subject of a determination under subsection (5).

             (2)  A claim for pension bonus may be made even though it is not certain whether the person will start to receive an age pension at or after the time when the person makes the claim. The claim has effect as a claim that is contingent on the person receiving an age pension.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a person makes a claim for an age pension; and

                     (b)  the claim is in accordance with a form that does not require the claimant to disclose whether the claimant is registered as a member of:

                              (i)  the pension bonus scheme; or

                             (ii)  the corresponding scheme under Part IIIAB of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act; and

                     (c)  the person is, to the knowledge of the Secretary, registered as a member of the pension bonus scheme; and

                     (d)  a claim by the person for pension bonus is not attached to the claim for age pension;

the Secretary must give the claimant a written notice inviting the claimant to lodge a claim for pension bonus:

                     (e)  within such period after the lodgment of the claim for age pension as is specified in the notice; and

                      (f)  at such place as in specified in the notice.

             (4)  If a claim for pension bonus is made in accordance with an invitation under subsection (3), the person is taken to have claimed the pension bonus at the same time as the person claimed age pension.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  a person who is a registered member of the pension bonus scheme lodges a claim for age pension; and

                     (b)  a claim for pension bonus for the person is lodged after the claim for age pension; and

                     (c)  the Secretary is satisfied that, having regard to guidelines (if any) made under subsection (6), special circumstances apply in relation to the lodgment of the claim for pension bonus;

the Secretary may determine that the claim for the pension bonus is taken to have been made at the time the person claimed age pension.

             (6)  The Secretary may, by legislative instrument, make guidelines for the purposes of subsection (5).

18  Additional provisions regarding claim for special employment advance

             (1)  A claim for special employment advance must specify the amount of special employment advance sought.

             (2)  Subject to subsection (3), if a claim based on the effect of the unreceived income on the claimant’s special employment advance qualifying entitlement is lodged before the first day for which the entitlement is not payable or is reduced as a result of the claimant, or the claimant’s partner, having earned the income, the claim is taken to have been made on that day.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  the claimant’s special employment advance qualifying entitlement referred to in subsection (2) is an entitlement in respect of which the Secretary has determined that this subsection applies; and

                     (b)  the claim is lodged before the day referred to in subsection (2);

the Secretary may treat the claim as having been made on a day earlier than the day referred to in subsection (2) that the Secretary considers appropriate having regard to the kind of entitlement concerned.

             (4)  A claim based on the need for financial assistance from the Commonwealth to take up offered employment must set out:

                     (a)  particulars (including the duration) of the employment; and

                     (b)  the way in which the financial assistance is to be expended to enable the claimant to take up the employment.

19  Special requirements regarding claims for essential medical equipment payment

             (1)  A claim for an essential medical equipment payment must include a statement by the person making the claim that the medical equipment to which the claim relates is used in the relevant EMEP residence.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person who provides care and attention for a person with medical needs makes a claim for an essential medical equipment payment; and

                     (b)  the person with medical needs is not a dependent child of that or any other person;

the claim must be signed by the person with medical needs.

Subdivision ETime limits for claims for pension bonus

20  Interpretation

                   An expression used in this Subdivision has the same meaning as it has in Part 2.2A of the 1991 Act.

21  General rule

             (1)  A claim for pension bonus must be made within the lodgment period fixed by this Subdivision.

             (2)  However, the Secretary may in special circumstances allow a person a longer period to make a claim than the period fixed by this Subdivision. If the Secretary does so, the lodgment period for the person’s claim is the period allowed by the Secretary.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not apply in relation to a claim for which the lodgment period is fixed by subsection 23(1).

22  Last bonus period a full‑year period

             (1)  If a person’s last bonus period is a full‑year period, the lodgment period for a claim by the person for pension bonus is the period of 13 weeks immediately following that bonus period. However, this rule does not apply if:

                     (a)  the person is an exempt partnered person for the purposes of section 24 at the end of the person’s last bonus period; or

                     (b)  the person’s membership of the pension bonus scheme becomes non‑accruing immediately after the end of the person’s last bonus period; or

                     (c)  the person is a post‑75 member of the pension bonus scheme and has a post‑75 work period (see subsection 26(2)).

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, if a person has accrued only one full‑year bonus period, that period is the person’s last bonus period.

23  Last bonus period a part‑year period

             (1)  If a person’s last bonus period is a part‑year period, the lodgment period for a claim by the person for pension bonus is:

                     (a)  the period of 13 weeks beginning at the end of that bonus period; or

                     (b)  if the Secretary allows a longer period—that longer period.

However, this subsection does not apply if:

                     (c)  the person is an exempt partnered person (see subsection 24(2)) at the end of the person’s last bonus period; or

                     (d)  the person’s membership of the pension bonus scheme becomes non‑accruing immediately after the end of the person’s last bonus period; or

                     (e)  the person is a post‑75 member of the pension bonus scheme and has a post‑75 work period (see subsection 26(2)).

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  subsection (1) applies to a person’s claim for pension bonus; and

                     (b)  the claim is lodged within a period allowed under paragraph (1)(b);

Division 6 of Part 2.2A of the 1991 Act has effect, in relation to the calculation of the amount of that pension bonus, as if the person had not accrued the part‑year bonus period.

24  Claim by exempt partnered person

             (1)  If a person is an exempt partnered person at the end of the person’s last bonus period, the lodgment period applicable to the person’s claim for pension bonus is the period:

                     (a)  beginning at the end of that bonus period; and

                     (b)  ending at:

                              (i)  the time of the last occasion on which the person’s partner could have lodged a claim for a pension bonus; or

                             (ii)  the end of the period of 13 weeks after the person ceases to be a member of the same couple (whether because of the death of the person’s partner or for any other reason);

                            whichever comes first.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, a person is an exempt partnered person at a particular time if, at that time, the person is a member of a couple and:

                     (a)  the person’s partner is an accruing or non‑accruing member of the pension bonus scheme; or

                     (b)  the person’s partner is an accruing or non‑accruing member of the corresponding scheme under Part IIIAB of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act.

25  Claim where membership has become non‑accruing

                   If a person’s membership of the pension bonus scheme becomes non‑accruing immediately after the end of the person’s last bonus period, the lodgment period applicable to the person’s claim for pension bonus is the period:

                     (a)  beginning at the end of the person’s last bonus period; and

                     (b)  ending 13 weeks after the time when the person’s membership of the scheme ceases to be non‑accruing.

26  Claim where person has post‑75 work period

             (1)  If a post‑75 member of the pension bonus scheme has a post‑75 work period, the lodgment period for a claim by the person for pension bonus is the period of 13 weeks beginning at the end of the period nominated in the claim as the person’s post‑75 work period.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, a post‑75 member of the pension bonus scheme has a post‑75 work period if all of the following requirements are satisfied:

                     (a)  the person’s claim for pension bonus nominates a particular period as the person’s post‑75 work period;

                     (b)  the nominated period begins immediately after the end of the person’s last bonus period;

                     (c)  if it were assumed that the person had been an accruing member of the pension bonus scheme throughout each test period that is applicable to the person, the person would have passed the work test for each test period.

             (3)  For the purposes of subsection (2), the test period or test periods applicable to a person are worked out as follows:

                     (a)  identify the extended period, which is that part of the nominated period when the person was neither:

                              (i)  subject to a compensation preclusion period or a carer preclusion period; nor

                             (ii)  covered by a declaration under section 92Q of the 1991 Act;

                     (b)  if the extended period is 365 days or less—the extended period is the only test period;

                     (c)  if the extended period is longer than 365 days—each of the following periods is a test period:

                              (i)  the full‑year period beginning at the start of the extended period;

                             (ii)  if 2 or more succeeding full‑year periods are included in the extended period—each of those full‑year periods;

                            (iii)  the period (if any) consisting of the remainder of the extended period.

             (4)  In addition to its effect apart from this subsection, section 93B of the 1991 Act also has the effect it would have if each reference in paragraph 93B(1)(a), (2)(a), (3)(a) or (4)(a) to an accruing member of the pension bonus scheme were a reference to a post‑75 member of the scheme.

Subdivision EATime limits for claims for pension bonus bereavement payment

26A  General rule

                   A person’s claim for pension bonus bereavement payment must be made within the period of 26 weeks beginning on the day of death of the partner in respect of whom the person is qualified for pension bonus bereavement payment.

26B  Extension

                   The Secretary may in special circumstances allow a person a longer period to make a claim than the period under section 26A. If the Secretary does so, the person’s claim must be made before the end of the period allowed by the Secretary.

Subdivision EBTime limits for claims for student start‑up loans

26C  Time limit for claim

             (1)  A person’s claim for a student start‑up loan for a qualification period must be made before the end of the qualification period.

             (2)  Despite subsection (1), a person’s claim for a student start‑up loan for a qualification period in which the person is expected to complete the relevant approved scholarship course must be made at least 35 days before the course end date.

Subdivision FTime limit for claims for fares allowance

27  Time limit for claim

             (1)  Subject to this section, a claim for fares allowance must be lodged in the study year to which the claim relates or before 1 April next following the end of that year (the final date).

             (2)  A claim for fares allowance may be lodged on or after the final date if the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the claimant took reasonable steps to lodge the claim, or have the claim lodged, before the final date; and

                     (b)  circumstances beyond the claimant’s control prevented the claim being lodged before the final date.

             (3)  A claim for fares allowance may be lodged on or after the final date if the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  circumstances beyond the claimant’s control prevented the claimant taking reasonable steps to lodge the claim, or have the claim lodged, before the final date; and

                     (b)  the claimant has sought to lodge the claim as soon as practicable after those circumstances ceased to exist.

Subdivision FAATime limit for claims for Disaster Recovery Allowance

27AA  Time limit for claims for Disaster Recovery Allowance

             (1)  A claim for a Disaster Recovery Allowance relating to a Part 2.23B major disaster must be lodged within 6 months after the determination of the disaster under section 36A of the 1991 Act.

             (2)  However, the claim may be lodged more than 6 months after the determination if the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  there are special circumstances applying to the person’s claim that justify a late lodgement; and

                     (b)  the claim is lodged within a reasonable period having regard to those circumstances.

Subdivision FATime limit for claims for AGDRP

27A  Time limit for claim

             (1)  A claim for an AGDRP relating to a major disaster must be lodged within 6 months after the determination of the disaster under section 36 of the 1991 Act.

             (2)  However, the claim may be lodged more than 6 months after the declaration if the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  there are special circumstances applying to the person’s claim that justify a late lodgment; and

                     (b)  the claim is lodged within a reasonable period having regard to those circumstances.

Subdivision FBTime limit for claims for AVTOP

27B  Time limit for claims for AVTOP

             (1)  A claim for an AVTOP by a primary victim of a declared overseas terrorist act must be lodged within 2 years after the day the declaration is made under subsection 35B(1) of the 1991 Act.

             (2)  A claim for an AVTOP by a secondary victim of a declared overseas terrorist act must be lodged within 12 months after the day the close family member to whom the claim relates died.

             (3)  However, a claim may be lodged after the period referred to in subsection (1) or (2) if the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  there are special circumstances applying to the person’s claim that justify a late lodgment; and

                     (b)  the claim is lodged within a reasonable period having regard to those circumstances.

Subdivision GAge requirement for certain claims

28  Claims for disability support pension

                   A person cannot make a claim for a disability support pension unless the person is under the pension age on the day on which the claim is lodged.

Subdivision HResidence requirements for claimants

29  General rule

             (1)  Subject to sections 30, 30A, 31 and 31A, a claim for a social security payment or a concession card may only be made by a person who:

                     (a)  is an Australian resident; and

                     (b)  is in Australia.

             (2)  Subject to sections 30, 30A, 31 and 31A, a claim made at a time when the claimant is not an Australian resident or is not in Australia is taken not to have been made.

30  Residence requirements for claimants for special benefit

                   A claim for special benefit may only be made by a person who:

                     (a)  is in Australia; and

                     (b)  satisfies one of the following subparagraphs:

                              (i)  the person is an Australian resident;

                            (iii)  the person holds a visa that is in a class of visas determined by the Minister for the purposes of subparagraph 729(2)(f)(v) of the 1991 Act.

30A  Exclusion from section 29 residence requirement of crisis payment claimants holding certain visas

                   Despite paragraph 29(1)(a), a person who is not an Australian resident may make a claim for a crisis payment if the person is qualified for special benefit because he or she is the holder of a visa that is in a class of visas determined by the Minister for the purposes of subparagraph 729(2)(f)(v) of the 1991 Act.

31  Exclusion of certain claims from requirements of section 29

             (1)  Section 29 does not apply to a claim for an AGDRP if the claim relates to a major disaster that occurred in Australia or outside Australia.

          (1A)  Section 29 does not apply to a claim for an AVTOP.

          (1B)  Section 29 does not apply to a claim for a Disaster Recovery Allowance.

             (2)  Section 29 does not apply to a claim for parenting payment if:

                     (a)  the claimant is an Australian resident; and

                     (b)  the claimant, while outside Australia, has been receiving an income support payment; and

                     (c)  the income support payment has been cancelled or has ceased to be payable; and

                     (d)  the claim is made within 13 weeks after the income support payment was cancelled or ceased to be payable, as the case may be.

             (3)  Section 29 does not apply to a claim for double orphan pension.

31A  Exclusion of certain claims by special category visa holders from section 29 residence requirement

                   Despite paragraph 29(1)(a), a person who is not an Australian resident may make a claim for a social security payment or a concession card if:

                     (a)  the person is a special category visa holder residing in Australia; and

                     (b)  in order to qualify for the payment or concession card concerned, the person is not required to be an Australian resident if the person is a special category visa holder residing in Australia.

Subdivision IWithdrawal of claim

33  Right to withdraw

             (1)  A claimant for a social security payment or a concession card, or a person acting on behalf of such a claimant, may withdraw a claim that has not been determined.

             (2)  A claim that is withdrawn is taken not to have been made.

34  Manner of withdrawal

             (1)  A claim may be withdrawn orally or in writing or in any other manner approved by the Secretary.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person claims both a pension bonus and an age pension; and

                     (b)  the claim for an age pension is withdrawn;

the claim for a pension bonus is taken to have been withdrawn.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a person claims both a pension bonus and an age pension; and

                     (b)  the claim for an age pension is rejected as a direct or indirect result of the operation of:

                              (i)  Division 2 of Part 3.12 of the 1991 Act; or

                             (ii)  Part 3.14 of that Act;

the claim for a pension bonus is taken to have been withdrawn.

Subdivision JSpecial provision for certain claims

35  Claims by persons in gaol etc.

             (1)  A person who is:

                     (a)  in gaol; or

                     (b)  undergoing psychiatric confinement because he or she has been charged with an offence;

may make a claim for a social security pension or benefit or for a crisis payment not earlier than 3 weeks before the person’s expected release day.

             (2)  A day is a person’s expected release day for the purpose of subsection (1) if there are reasonable grounds for believing that the person will be released from gaol or psychiatric confinement on that day.

35A  Claims for advance pharmaceutical allowance

             (1)  A person may only make a claim for advance pharmaceutical allowance if the claim is made in accordance with subsection (2), (3) or (4).

             (2)  A person may make a claim for advance pharmaceutical allowance to be paid in a calendar year if:

                     (a)  the person has received an instalment of a social security pension in relation to an instalment period that included 31 December in the previous calendar year; and

                     (b)  the claim is lodged within 14 days after the end of that instalment period.

             (3)  A person may make a claim for advance pharmaceutical allowance to be paid in a calendar year if:

                     (a)  the person claims a social security pension in that year; and

                     (b)  the claim for advance pharmaceutical allowance is lodged:

                              (i)  when the claim for the pension is lodged; or

                             (ii)  after the claim for the pension is lodged but before that claim is determined.

             (4)  A person may make a claim for advance pharmaceutical allowance to be paid in a calendar year if:

                     (a)  the person has been qualified for pharmaceutical allowance for a period (the qualification period) during the calendar year; and

                     (b)  the amount spent by the person during the qualification period on the purchase of pharmaceutical benefits is equal to or greater than the total amount that has been paid to the person in the calendar year by way of:

                              (i)  pharmaceutical allowance; and

                             (ii)  advance pharmaceutical allowance.

35B  Secondary victim claims for AVTOP

             (1)  If a person makes a claim for an AVTOP as a secondary victim in relation to a close family member who has died, the Secretary must make reasonable inquiries as to whether there are other persons (a potential claimant) who may also qualify for an AVTOP as a secondary victim in relation to the same close family member.

             (2)  If the Secretary considers there are potential claimants, the Secretary must give each of them a written notice stating that:

                     (a)  he or she may make a claim for an AVTOP as a secondary victim in relation to the close family member; and

                     (b)  he or she must make a claim before the day (the claim due day) specified in the notice; and

                     (c)  if he or she fails to make a claim by the claim due day, an AVTOP in relation to the close family member will not be payable to him or her.

             (3)  The claim due day must be at least 30 days after the day the notice is given to the potential claimant.

             (4)  If the Secretary is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so, the Secretary may change the claim due day to a later day.

             (5)  If the Secretary changes the claim due day under subsection (4), then:

                     (a)  the Secretary must change the claim due day for each of the potential claimants to the new claim day; and

                     (b)  the Secretary must give each of the potential claimants a written notice of the new claim due day; and

                     (c)  the new claim due day is taken to be the day specified in the notice under subsection (2) for the purposes of subparagraph 1061PAC(b)(ii) of the 1991 Act.

Division 2Determination of claim

36  Obligation of Secretary to determine claim

             (1)  Subject to this section, the Secretary must, in accordance with the social security law, determine a claim for a social security payment or a concession card, either granting or rejecting the claim.

             (2)  If a person claims both a pension bonus and an age pension, the Secretary must not determine the claim for pension bonus until the claim for age pension has been granted.

             (3)  If more than one person makes a claim for an AVTOP as a secondary victim of a declared overseas terrorist act in relation to the same close family member, the Secretary must determine the claims at the same time.

             (4)  If a person claims a student start‑up loan for a qualification period, the Secretary may determine the person’s claim at a time the Secretary considers appropriate, having regard to the principle that, for a claim made before the start of the period of study concerned for the relevant approved scholarship course, the time should generally be close to the start of that period of study.

Note:          For approved scholarship course, see section 592M of the 1991 Act.

             (5)  Nothing in subsection (4) affects the operation of section 39.

37  Grant of claim

             (1)  Subject to this section and section 40, the Secretary must determine that a claim for a social security payment is to be granted if the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the claimant is qualified for the social security payment; and

                     (b)  the social security payment is payable.

          (1A)  The Secretary must determine that a claim for parenting payment is to be granted if the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the claimant is qualified, or is expected to be qualified, for the payment; and

                     (b)  the payment would be payable apart from the application of a compliance penalty period.

             (2)  The Secretary must determine that a claim for a jobseeker payment is to be granted if the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the claimant is qualified, or is expected to be qualified, for the payment; and

                     (b)  the payment would be payable apart from:

                              (i)  the application of a waiting period; or

                             (ii)  the application of a compliance penalty period; or

                             (v)  the application of an income maintenance period where the rate of jobseeker payment payable to the person is nil; or

                            (vi)  the operation of section 615 of the 1991 Act.

             (3)  The Secretary must determine that a claim for a social security payment to which this subsection applies is to be granted if the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the person is qualified, or is expected to be qualified, for the payment; and

                     (b)  the payment would be payable if the person were not subject to a seasonal work preclusion period.

             (4)  Subsection (3) applies to the following social security payments:

                     (c)  jobseeker payment;

                     (d)  parenting payment;

                     (g)  youth allowance;

                    (ga)  special benefit;

                     (h)  disability support pension;

                      (j)  carer payment;

                     (k)  austudy payment.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  a determination has been made under subsection (1) granting a claim for a jobseeker payment to a person who was qualified for the payment under subsection 593(1B) of the 1991 Act; and

                     (b)  the person ceases to be qualified for the payment under subsection 593(1B) of the 1991 Act but becomes qualified for the payment under subsection 593(1) of that Act within 14 days after the person ceased to be qualified under subsection 593(1B);

the Secretary may make a determination varying the first‑mentioned determination to give effect to any change in the person’s start day.

             (6)  The Secretary must determine that a claim for youth allowance or austudy payment is to be granted if the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the person is qualified, or is expected to be qualified, for the allowance or payment; and

                     (b)  the allowance or payment would be payable, apart from:

                              (i)  the application of a waiting period; or

                             (ii)  the application of a compliance penalty period; or

                             (v)  the application of an income maintenance period where the rate of allowance or payment payable to the person is nil; or

                            (vi)  if the claim is a claim for youth allowance—the operation of section 547AA of the 1991 Act.

             (7)  The Secretary must determine that a claim made in accordance with section 35 for a social security pension or benefit or for a crisis payment is to be granted if the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the claimant:

                              (i)  is in gaol; or

                             (ii)  is undergoing psychiatric confinement because he or she has been charged with an offence; and

                     (b)  the claimant is expected to be in gaol or undergoing psychiatric confinement for at least 14 days; and

                     (c)  there are reasonable grounds for believing that the claimant will be released from gaol or psychiatric confinement on or before the day that is the claimant’s expected release day for the purposes of subsection 35(1); and

                     (d)  either:

                              (i)  in the case of a claim for a social security pension or benefit, the claimant is qualified for the pension or benefit; or

                             (ii)  in any case, the claimant is expected to be qualified for the pension, benefit or payment immediately after the claimant is released from gaol or psychiatric confinement; and

                     (e)  the pension, benefit or payment is expected to be payable to the claimant immediately after the claimant is released from gaol or psychiatric confinement.

             (8)  The Secretary must make a determination granting a claim for a concession card if the Secretary is satisfied that the claimant is qualified for the card.

Note:          In some cases, the Secretary must not make a determination granting a claim for a seniors health card or an income‑tested health care card if the Secretary makes a request under subsection 75(2) or (3) of the claimant (about providing tax file numbers): see subsection 77(1).

             (9)  A determination under subsection (8) granting a claim for a seniors health card:

                     (a)  must specify the period at the end of which the determination ceases to have effect; and

                     (b)  unless it has already been cancelled, ceases to have effect at the end of that period.

           (10)  A determination under subsection (8) granting a claim for a health care card under Subdivision B of Division 3 of Part 2A.1 of the 1991 Act:

                     (a)  must specify the period at the end of which the determination ceases to have effect; and

                     (b)  unless it has already been cancelled, ceases to have effect at the end of that period.

           (11)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine the periods that are to be specified in determinations for the purposes of subsections (9) and (10).

37AA  Grant of claim—schooling requirements

             (1)  Without limiting subsection 37(1), the Secretary must determine that a claim for a schooling requirement payment is to be granted if the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the person is qualified, or is expected to be qualified, for the payment; and

                     (b)  the payment would be payable if it were not for the application of subsection 124G(1), 124L(1) or 124NE(1).

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a schooling requirement payment under the Veterans’ Entitlements Act.

Note 1:       Schooling requirement payments are social security benefits, social security pensions and certain payments under the Veterans’ Entitlements Act (see section 124D of this Act).

Note 2:       Section 124G and 124L provide that a schooling requirement payment is not payable to a person if he or she fails to comply with an enrolment notice or an attendance notice after the end of an initial compliance period (unless he or she has a reasonable excuse or special circumstances apply). Section 124NE provides that a schooling requirement payment is not payable to a person if he or she fails to comply with a compliance notice (subject to exceptions in that section).

Note 3:       If the payment is suspended under section 124H, 124M or 124NF (because of the application of subsection 124G(1), 124L(1) or 124NE(1)) on the day the claim is granted, the start day for the payment is deferred until the suspension ends (at the earliest) (see clause 5 of Schedule 2).

37A  Duration of certain health care cards

             (1)  A seniors health card expires at the end of the period specified, for the purposes of subsection 37(9), in the determination granting the claim for the card.

          (1A)  However, subsection (1) does not apply to a seniors health card issued under subsection 1061ZJA(3) or (4) of the 1991 Act.

             (2)  A health care card granted to a person qualified for the card under Subdivision B of Division 3 of Part 2A.1 of the 1991 Act expires at the end of the period specified, for the purposes of subsection 37(10), in the determination granting the claim for the card.

             (3)  A person to whom a concession card referred to in subsection (1) or (2) has been granted may make a claim for a further concession card before the first‑mentioned card expires.

38  Refusal of claim for special employment advance

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), the Secretary must refuse a claim for special employment advance if:

                     (a)  the claim is based on the effect of unreceived income on the claimant’s special employment advance qualifying entitlement; and

                     (b)  the Secretary is satisfied that the income will be received within 2 days after the claim is made.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the Secretary considers that the claimant’s financial needs are such that the claim should be granted.

             (3)  In this section:

unreceived income has the same meaning as in subsection 1061EM(1) of the 1991 Act.

39  Deemed refusal of claim

             (1)  Subject to subsections (3) and (9), if the Secretary does not make a determination regarding a claim within the period of 13 weeks after the day on which the claim was made, the Secretary is taken to have made, at the end of that period, a determination rejecting the claim.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a person makes a claim for a social security payment that is a relevant social security payment for the purposes of subclause 4(1) of Schedule 2; and

                     (b)  the person is not, on the day on which the claim is made, qualified for the payment; and

                     (c)  assuming the person does not sooner die, the person will, because of the passage of time or the occurrence of an event, become qualified for the payment within the period of 13 weeks after the day on which the claim is made; and

                     (d)  the person becomes so qualified within that period;

the claim is taken, for the purposes of subsection (1), to be made on the day on which the person becomes qualified.

             (4)  If the Secretary asks a person who has made a claim for a social security payment or a concession card or another person for information in relation to the claim, the period that:

                     (a)  begins on the day on which the Secretary asks for the information; and

                     (b)  ends on the day on which the information is given to the Secretary;

is not counted for the purpose of subsection (1).

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  a person makes a claim (the actual claim); and

                     (b)  apart from this subsection, the person would, by virtue of section 13 or 14, be taken to have made the claim on a particular day;

then, in spite of section 13 or 14, as the case may be, a reference in subsection (1) of this section to the day on which the claim was made is a reference to the day on which the actual claim was made.

             (6)  The Secretary may determine that a specified period, being a period that is longer than 13 weeks, applies for the purposes of claims for an AVTOP in relation to a declared overseas terrorist act.

             (7)  If, under subsection (6), there is a determination of a period in force for the purposes of claims for an AVTOP in relation to a declared overseas terrorist act, then this Act applies to those claims as if references in subsections (1) and (3) to the period of 13 weeks were references to the period referred to in the determination.

             (8)  A determination under subsection (6) is not a legislative instrument.

             (9)  A claim for a student start‑up loan for a qualification period made before the start of the qualification period is taken to have been made on the first day of the qualification period.

40  Rejection of claim for failure to obtain foreign payment

             (1)  The Secretary may make a determination rejecting a claim for a social security payment if:

                     (a)  the claimant has been given a notice under subsection 66(2); and

                     (b)  the Secretary is not satisfied that the claimant has taken reasonable action to obtain a comparable foreign payment at the highest rate applicable to the claimant within the period specified in the notice.

             (2)  The Secretary may make a determination rejecting a claim for a social security payment if:

                     (a)  the claimant has been given a notice under subsection 66(3); and

                     (b)  the Secretary is not satisfied that the claimant’s partner has taken reasonable action to obtain a comparable foreign payment at the highest rate applicable to the partner within the period specified in the notice.

Division 2AEmployment pathway plans

Note:       The powers of the Employment Secretary under this Division may be delegated under section 234 (including to a person engaged by an organisation that performs services for the Commonwealth).

Subdivision AEntry into employment pathway plans

40A  Requirement to enter into employment pathway plans

No existing employment pathway plan in force

             (1)  The Employment Secretary may require a person to enter into an employment pathway plan if an employment pathway plan is not in force in relation to the person and one of the following applies:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  the person is receiving, or has made a claim for, a jobseeker payment or a youth allowance; or

                             (ii)  the Department is contacted by or on behalf of the person in relation to a claim for a jobseeker payment or a youth allowance;

                     (b)  the person is someone to whom paragraph 500(1)(c) or (ca) of the 1991 Act applies and either:

                              (i)  the person is receiving, or has made a claim for, parenting payment; or

                             (ii)  the Department is contacted by or on behalf of the person in relation to a claim for parenting payment;

                     (c)  the person is a nominated visa holder and either:

                              (i)  the person is receiving, or has made a claim for, a special benefit; or

                             (ii)  the Department is contacted by or on behalf of the person in relation to a claim for special benefit.

Existing employment pathway plan already in force

             (2)  If an employment pathway plan is in force in relation to a person, the Employment Secretary may require the person to enter into another plan instead of the existing one.

Notification of requirement

             (3)  The Employment Secretary must notify a person who is required to enter into an employment pathway plan of the requirement. The notification:

                     (a)  must give the person the option of entering into the plan under section 40D; and

                     (b)  may also give the person the option of entering into the plan under section 40E, taking into account the person’s circumstances.

40B  Use of technological processes

             (1)  The Employment Secretary may arrange for the use of technological processes in relation to the following:

                     (a)  persons entering into employment pathway plans under section 40D or 40E;

                     (b)  the variation of such plans.

Note:          A person does not enter into an employment pathway plan unless the person accepts such a plan: see paragraphs 40D(1)(a) and 40E(1)(c).

Arrangement not a legislative instrument

             (2)  If an arrangement under this section is made in writing, the arrangement is not a legislative instrument.

40C  Use of questionnaire

             (1)  The Employment Secretary may arrange for the completion of a questionnaire in relation to the following:

                     (a)  persons entering into employment pathway plans under section 40D or 40E;

                     (b)  the variation of such plans.

             (2)  A questionnaire may relate to, but is not limited to, one or more of the employment pathway plan matters in relation to a person.

Note:          For employment pathway plan matters, see section 40F.

             (3)  A purpose of the questionnaire is to obtain information for the purposes of working out under which section the person is able to enter into an employment pathway plan.

Arrangement not a legislative instrument

             (4)  If an arrangement under this section is made in writing, the arrangement is not a legislative instrument.

40D  Employment pathway plans—plans developed by the Employment Secretary

             (1)  A person enters into an employment pathway plan under this section if:

                     (a)  the person notifies the Employment Secretary that the person accepts the employment pathway plan developed by the Employment Secretary; and

                     (b)  that acceptance occurs after one or more communications between the person and the Employment Secretary in relation to that plan.

Note:          For variation of employment pathway plans, see section 40V.

Plan requirements

             (2)  The employment pathway plan developed by the Employment Secretary must contain one or more requirements that the person is required to comply with.

Note:          See Subdivision B for limitations on the kind of requirements that can be contained in employment pathway plans.

Optional terms

             (3)  The employment pathway plan may also contain one or more terms that the person may, but is not required to, comply with.

Approval of requirements

             (4)  The requirements in the employment pathway plan are to be approved by the Employment Secretary. Those requirements must not be approved by the processes referred to in subsection 40B(1).

             (5)  The Employment Secretary must not approve requirements that are not suitable for the person. For this purpose, the Employment Secretary must take into account the following matters:

                     (a)  the employment pathway plan matters in relation to the person;

                     (b)  the person’s capacity to comply with the requirements;

                     (c)  the person’s needs;

                     (d)  any other matters that the Employment Secretary or the person considers relevant in the circumstances.

Note:          For employment pathway plan matters, see section 40F.

40E  Employment pathway plans—streamlined processes

             (1)  A person enters into an employment pathway plan under this section if:

                     (a)  the person is given information as part of the processes referred to in subsection 40B(1) informing the person of the matters the person should consider in deciding whether to accept an employment pathway plan under this section; and

                     (b)  a proposed employment pathway plan is produced as part of those processes that:

                              (i)  contains one or more requirements that the person is required to comply with; and

                             (ii)  may contain one or more terms that the person may, but is not required to, comply with; and

                     (c)  after deciding the person is satisfied with that proposed employment pathway plan, the person accepts that plan as part of those processes.

Note 1:       If the person does not want to accept the proposed employment pathway plan that is produced as part of those processes, the person can still enter into an employment pathway plan under section 40D.

Note 2:       See Subdivision B for limitations on the kind of requirements that can be contained in employment pathway plans.

Note 3:       For variation of employment pathway plans, see section 40V.

             (2)  This section does not prevent the person from entering into an employment pathway plan under section 40D after the person has entered into an employment pathway plan under this section.

40F  Employment pathway plan matters

                   The employment pathway plan matters in relation to a person are the following:

                     (a)  the person’s education, experience, skills and age;

                     (b)  the impact of any disability, illness, mental condition or physical condition of the person on the person’s ability to work, to look for work or to participate in training activities;

                     (c)  the state of the labour market and the transport or other options available to the person in accessing that market;

                     (d)  the participation opportunities available to the person;

                     (e)  the family and caring responsibilities of the person;

                      (f)  the length of travel time required to comply with requirements in an employment pathway plan;

                     (g)  the financial costs (such as travel costs) of complying with requirements in an employment pathway plan, and the person’s capacity to pay for such costs.

40G  Employment pathway plans—examples of requirements

Seeking, accepting and undertaking paid work

             (1)  An employment pathway plan under this Subdivision in relation to a person may contain requirements relating to one or more of the following:

                     (a)  the person actively seeking paid work in Australia;

                     (b)  the person accepting, and being willing to accept, offers of paid work in Australia;

                     (c)  the person undertaking, and being willing to undertake, paid work in Australia;

except particular paid work that is unsuitable to be done by the person.

Note:          See Division 2B for the circumstances in which paid work is unsuitable to be done by a person.

Undertaking of other activities

             (2)  An employment pathway plan under this Subdivision in relation to a person may contain requirements relating to one or more of the following:

                     (a)  the person undertaking training or study;

                     (b)  the person undertaking voluntary work;

                     (c)  the person participating in an approved program of work for income support payment (subject to section 40J) or in an employment program;

                     (d)  the person attending an interview with a person engaged by an organisation that performs services for the Commonwealth;

                     (e)  the person completing, updating or improving the person’s résumé.

Reporting on compliance

             (3)  An employment pathway plan under this Subdivision in relation to a person may contain requirements relating to the person’s reporting of compliance with the plan.

Parenting payment—health and education

             (4)  In relation to parenting payment and a person to whom paragraph 500(1)(ca) of the 1991 Act applies, an employment pathway plan under this Subdivision may contain requirements relating to one or more of the following:

                     (a)  the person’s education;

                     (b)  the health of a PP child of the person;

                     (c)  the education of a PP child of the person.

No limit on requirements in plans

             (5)  Subsections (1) to (4) do not limit the requirements that an employment pathway plan may contain.

Note:          See Subdivision B for limitations on the kind of requirements that can be contained in employment pathway plans.

Subdivision BWhat employment pathway plans must not contain

40H  Employment pathway plans not to contain requirements about undertaking unsuitable paid work

                   An employment pathway plan under Subdivision A in relation to a person must not contain a requirement relating to one or more of the following:

                     (a)  the person seeking paid work in Australia;

                     (b)  the person accepting offers of paid work in Australia;

                     (c)  the person undertaking paid work in Australia;

that is particular paid work that is unsuitable to be done by the person.

Note:          See Division 2B for the circumstances in which paid work is unsuitable to be done by a person.

40J  Employment pathway plans not to contain requirements to participate in an approved program of work

Parenting payment

             (1)  An employment pathway plan under Subdivision A, that is in force in relation to a person who is receiving parenting payment, must not require the person to participate in an approved program of work for income support payment if:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  if the person’s rate of parenting payment is worked out under the Pension PP (Single) Rate Calculator in section 1068A of the 1991 Act—because of the application of Module E of that rate calculator, the person is receiving parenting payment at a rate that has been reduced; or

                             (ii)  if the person’s rate of parenting payment is worked out under the Benefit PP (Partnered) Rate Calculator in section 1068B of the 1991 Act—because of the application of Module D of that rate calculator, the person is receiving parenting payment at a rate that has been reduced; or

                     (b)  the person is at least 50 years of age and is not a person to whom subsection 28(4) of the 1991 Act applies.

Youth allowance

             (2)  An employment pathway plan under Subdivision A, that is in force in relation to a person who is receiving a youth allowance, must not require the person to participate in an approved program of work for income support payment if:

                     (a)  the person is under 18 years of age; or

                     (b)  the person is undertaking full‑time study (see section 541B of the 1991 Act); or

                     (c)  because of the application of one or more Modules of the Youth Allowance Rate Calculator in section 1067G of the 1991 Act, the person is receiving the youth allowance at a rate that has been reduced; or

                     (d)  the program of work requires the person to move from a home in one place to a home in another place.

Jobseeker payment

             (3)  An employment pathway plan under Subdivision A, that is in force in relation to a person who is receiving a jobseeker payment, must not require the person to participate in an approved program of work for income support payment if:

                     (a)  because of the application of Module G of Benefit Rate Calculator B in section 1068 of the 1991 Act, the person is receiving the jobseeker payment at a rate that has been reduced; or

                     (b)  the person is at least 50 years of age and is not a person to whom subsection 28(4) of the 1991 Act applies.

Special benefit

             (4)  An employment pathway plan under Subdivision A, that is in force in relation to a person who is receiving a special benefit, must not require the person to participate in an approved program of work for income support payment if:

                     (a)  the person is under 18 years of age; or

                     (b)  the person or the person’s partner has income; or

                     (c)  the person is at least 50 years of age and is not a person to whom subsection 28(4) of the 1991 Act applies.

40K  Employment pathway plans not to contain certain other requirements

             (1)  An employment pathway plan under Subdivision A must not contain a requirement of a kind that the Employment Secretary determines under subsection (2).

             (2)  The Employment Secretary must, by legislative instrument, determine the kinds of requirements that employment pathway plans must not contain.

Subdivision CExemptions from employment pathway plan requirements

40L  Circumstances making it unreasonable etc. to comply with requirements

             (1)  A person is not required to satisfy the employment pathway plan requirements if a determination under this section is in effect in relation to the person.

Circumstances beyond a person’s control

             (2)  The Employment Secretary may make a determination under this section in relation to the person if:

                     (a)  the Employment Secretary is satisfied that circumstances exist that are beyond the person’s control; and

                     (b)  the Employment Secretary is satisfied that in those circumstances it would be unreasonable to expect the person to comply with the employment pathway plan requirements.

Note:          See also section 40U (general rules about determinations under this Subdivision).

Other circumstances

             (3)  The Employment Secretary may make a determination under this section in relation to the person if the Employment Secretary is satisfied in all the circumstances that the person should not be required to satisfy the employment pathway plan requirements.

Note:          See also section 40U (general rules about determinations under this Subdivision).

Exception—misuse of alcohol or another drug

             (4)  Subsection (2) or (3) does not apply to circumstances wholly or predominantly attributable to the person’s misuse of alcohol or another drug, unless the person is a declared program participant.

Examples of relevant circumstances

             (5)  The Employment Secretary may make a determination under subsection (2) or (3) in relation to a person in circumstances that relate to, but are not limited to, the following:

                     (a)  the person having a temporary incapacity resulting in the person being unable to undertake work for at least 8 hours per week, where the person has given the Employment Secretary a certificate of a medical practitioner, in the form (if any) approved by the Employment Secretary, that supports the incapacity being caused by a medical condition arising from sickness or an accident;

                     (b)  the person experiencing a marriage or relationship breakdown;

                     (c)  the death of an immediate family member of the person;

                     (d)  the person having suffered a significant personal crisis;

                     (e)  the person having been affected by an emergency, disaster or public health crisis.

Revocation of determination

             (6)  The Employment Secretary may revoke a determination under this section in relation to a person if the Employment Secretary is satisfied in all the circumstances that it is no longer appropriate for the determination to remain in effect.

Later exemptions do not limit this section

             (7)  Sections 40M to 40T do not limit this section.

40M  Death of person’s partner

Claimants

             (1)  A person is not required to satisfy the employment pathway plan requirements in respect of a period (the applicable period) if:

                     (a)  the person makes a claim for a jobseeker payment, parenting payment, a youth allowance or a special benefit; and

                     (b)  the person makes the claim after the death of the person’s partner; and

                     (c)  if the person was not pregnant when the person’s partner died—the person makes the claim in the period of 14 weeks starting on the day of the death of the partner; and

                     (d)  if the person was pregnant when the person’s partner died—the person makes the claim:

                              (i)  in the period of 14 weeks starting on the day of the death of the partner; or

                             (ii)  in the period starting on the day of the death of the partner and ending when the child is born or the person otherwise stops being pregnant;

                            whichever ends later.

The applicable period is the period applicable under paragraph (c) or (d).

Recipients

             (2)  A person is not required to satisfy the employment pathway plan requirements in respect of a period (the applicable period) if:

                     (a)  the person is receiving a jobseeker payment, parenting payment, a youth allowance or a special benefit; and

                     (b)  while the person is receiving the payment, allowance or benefit the person’s partner dies; and

                     (c)  if the person was not pregnant when the person’s partner died—the person notifies the Employment Secretary of the person’s partner’s death in the period of 14 weeks starting on the day of the death of the partner; and

                     (d)  if the person was pregnant when the person’s partner died—the person notifies the Employment Secretary of the person’s partner’s death:

                              (i)  in the period of 14 weeks starting on the day of the death of the partner; or

                             (ii)  in the period starting on the day of the death of the partner and ending when the child is born or the person otherwise stops being pregnant;

                            whichever ends later; and

                     (e)  the person is receiving the payment, allowance or benefit on the day of the notification.

The applicable period is the period applicable under paragraph (c) or (d).

40N  Domestic violence

             (1)  A person is not required to satisfy the employment pathway plan requirements if a determination under this section is in effect in relation to the person.

             (2)  The Employment Secretary must make a determination under this section in relation to the person if the Employment Secretary is satisfied that the person was subjected to domestic violence in the last 26 weeks.

Note:          See also section 40U (general rules about determinations under this Subdivision).

             (3)  The Employment Secretary may revoke a determination under this section in relation to a person if the Employment Secretary is satisfied in all the circumstances that it is no longer appropriate for the determination to remain in effect.

40P  Caring responsibilities

             (1)  A person is not required to satisfy the employment pathway plan requirements if a determination under this section is in effect in relation to the person.

Mandatory determination

             (2)  The Employment Secretary must make a determination under this section in relation to the person if the Employment Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the person is the principal carer of one or more children and that one or more of the following apply:

                              (i)  the person is a registered and active foster carer;

                             (ii)  the person is a home educator of one or more of those children;

                            (iii)  the person is a distance educator of one or more of those children;

                            (iv)  under a family law order that the person is complying with, a child, of whom the person is a relative (other than a parent), is to live with the person; or

                     (b)  the following apply:

                              (i)  the person is the principal carer of a child;

                             (ii)  the person is the principal carer of one or more other children or the main supporter of one or more secondary pupil children or both;

                            (iii)  there are 4 or more of the children of whom the person is the principal carer or main supporter; or

                     (c)  the following apply:

                              (i)  the person is not the principal carer of one or more children;

                             (ii)  the person is a registered and active foster carer;

                            (iii)  the person is providing foster care to a child temporarily in an emergency or to give respite to another person from caring for the child; or

                     (d)  the following apply:

                              (i)  the person is the main supporter of one or more secondary pupil children;

                             (ii)  the person is a home educator or distance educator of one or more of those children; or

                     (e)  the following apply:

                              (i)  the person is the principal carer of one or more children;

                             (ii)  the person is a relative (other than a parent) of a child (the kin child);

                            (iii)  there is a document that provides for the kin child to live with the person for the care and wellbeing of the kin child and that is prepared or accepted by an authority of a State or Territory that has responsibility for the wellbeing of children;

                            (iv)  the person is acting in accordance with the document.

Note 1:       For principal carer see subsections 5(15) to (24) of the 1991 Act.

Note 2:       For registered and active foster carer see section 5B of the 1991 Act.

Note 3:       For home educator see section 5C of the 1991 Act.

Note 4:       For distance educator see section 5D of the 1991 Act.

Note 5:       For family law order see subsection 23(1) of the 1991 Act.

Note 6:       For relative (other than a parent) see section 5E of the 1991 Act.

Note 7:       For main supporter see section 5G of the 1991 Act.

Note 8:       For secondary pupil child see section 5F of the 1991 Act.

Note 9:       See also section 40U (general rules about determinations under this Subdivision).

Discretionary determination

             (3)  The Employment Secretary may make a determination under this section in relation to the person if the Employment Secretary is satisfied that the person is the principal carer of one or more children:

                     (a)  who suffer from a physical, intellectual or psychiatric disability or illness; and

                     (b)  whose care needs are such that the person should, for the period specified in the determination, not be required to satisfy the employment pathway plan requirements.

Note 1:       For principal carer see subsections 5(15) to (24) of the 1991 Act.

Note 2:       See also section 40U (general rules about determinations under this Subdivision).

Revocation

             (4)  The Employment Secretary may revoke a determination under this section in relation to a person if the Employment Secretary is satisfied in all the circumstances that it is no longer appropriate for the determination to remain in effect.

40Q  Pre‑natal and post‑natal relief

             (1)  A pregnant woman is not required to satisfy the employment pathway plan requirements for the period that starts 6 weeks before the woman’s expected date of confinement and ends on the day on which the woman gives birth to the child (whether or not the child is born alive).

             (2)  If a woman gives birth to a child (whether or not the child is born alive), the woman is not required to satisfy the employment pathway plan requirements for the period that starts on the day on which she gives birth to the child and ends 6 weeks after that day.

40R  Persons engaged in work

Persons 55 and over

             (1)  A person who has reached 55 years of age is not required to satisfy the employment pathway plan requirements in respect of a period of 2 weeks if:

                     (a)  unless paragraph (b) applies—the person:

                              (i)  is engaged in approved unpaid voluntary work for an approved organisation for at least 30 hours in that 2‑week period; or

                             (ii)  is engaged, for at least 30 hours in that 2‑week period, in a combination of approved unpaid voluntary work for an approved organisation and of paid work that the Secretary regards as suitable; or

                            (iii)  is engaged for at least 30 hours in that 2‑week period in paid work that the Secretary regards as suitable; or

                     (b)  if the person is under 60 years of age and that 2‑week period begins before the end of 12 months starting on the day the person starts to receive jobseeker payment or special benefit—the person:

                              (i)  is engaged, for at least 30 hours in that 2‑week period, in work consisting of a combination of approved unpaid voluntary work for an approved organisation and of at least 15 hours of paid work that the Secretary regards as suitable; or

                             (ii)  is engaged for at least 30 hours in that 2‑week period in paid work that the Secretary regards as suitable.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section:

                     (a)  approved unpaid voluntary work is work, either full‑time or otherwise, that has been approved by the Employment Secretary for the purposes of this section; and

                     (b)  an approved organisation is an organisation that has been approved by the Employment Secretary for the purposes of this section.

Principal carers and people with partial capacity to work

             (3)  A person is not required to satisfy the employment pathway plan requirements in respect of a period of 2 weeks if the person:

                     (a)  is the principal carer of at least one child or has a partial capacity to work; and

                     (b)  is engaged for at least 30 hours in that 2‑week period in paid work that the Secretary regards as suitable.

Note 1:       For principal carer see subsections 5(15) to (24) of the 1991 Act.

Note 2:       For partial capacity to work see section 16B of the 1991 Act.

40S  Jobseeker payment rules only

Rehabilitation program

             (1)  A person is not required to satisfy the employment pathway plan requirements in respect of a period (the applicable period) if:

                     (a)  subparagraph 593(1)(a)(iii) of the 1991 Act applies in relation to the person; and

                     (b)  the person is undertaking a rehabilitation program; and

                     (c)  the program is intended to enhance the person’s ability to work; and

                     (d)  the length of the person’s participation in the program is, or is likely to be, at least 6 weeks; and

                     (e)  the person’s participation in the program will, or is likely to, end within the period of 208 weeks after the jobseeker payment commenced to be payable to the person.

The applicable period is the period the person is undertaking the rehabilitation program or such shorter or longer period determined by the Employment Secretary.

Interaction with the ABSTUDY Scheme

             (2)  A person is not required to satisfy the employment pathway plan requirements in respect of a period (the applicable period) if:

                     (a)  jobseeker payment is payable to the person because of subsection 614(6) of the 1991 Act; and

                     (b)  the person has commenced the full‑time course of education referred to in paragraph 614(6)(a) of the 1991 Act.

The applicable period is the period during which the payment is payable to the person because of that subsection.

40T  Exceptional circumstances

             (1)  A person is not required to satisfy the employment pathway plan requirements if the person is included in a class of persons specified in a determination under this section that is in effect.

             (2)  The Employment Secretary may make a determination under this section specifying a class of persons for the purposes of subsection (1).

Note:          See also section 40U (general rules about determinations under this Subdivision).

             (3)  The Employment Secretary may make the determination only if the Employment Secretary is satisfied that exceptional circumstances exist to justify making the determination.

             (4)  Without limiting subsection (3), the exceptional circumstances may be that there is an emergency, disaster or public health crisis affecting Australia or one or more parts of Australia.

Publication

             (5)  The Employment Secretary must cause details of the class of persons and of the exceptional circumstances to be published on the Employment Department’s website.

Revocation of determination

             (6)  The Employment Secretary may revoke a determination under this section if the Employment Secretary is satisfied in all the circumstances that it is no longer appropriate for the determination to remain in effect.

             (7)  The Employment Secretary must cause details of the revocation to be published on the Employment Department’s website.

40U  General rules

             (1)  A determination under this Subdivision may specify the period during which the determination has effect.

             (2)  A determination under this Subdivision may be expressed to take effect on a day that is earlier than the day on which the determination is made.

             (3)  A revocation of a determination under this Subdivision takes effect on the day specified in the revocation, which must not be earlier than the day the revocation is made.

             (4)  A determination under this Subdivision, or a revocation of such a determination, is not a legislative instrument.

Subdivision DVariation, cancellation and review of employment pathway plans

40V  Variation, cancellation and review of employment pathway plans

Variation

             (1)  The Employment Secretary may vary an employment pathway plan that is in force under Subdivision A in relation to a person after discussion with the person and after taking into account the matters mentioned in paragraphs 40D(5)(a), (b), (c) and (d).

             (2)  The Employment Secretary may vary the plan on the Employment Secretary’s own initiative or on request of the person.

             (3)  If the person requests a variation of the plan, the Employment Secretary must:

                     (a)  make a decision under subsection (1) to vary the plan; or

                     (b)  make a decision to refuse to vary the plan.

             (4)  The Employment Secretary must notify the person of the variation or of the decision to refuse to vary the plan.

             (5)  If an employment pathway plan is in force under Subdivision A in relation to a person, the person may vary the plan in accordance with the processes referred to in subsection 40B(1).

Cancellation

             (6)  The Employment Secretary must cancel an employment pathway plan that is in force under Subdivision A in relation to a person if the person enters into another employment pathway plan.

Review

             (7)  The Employment Secretary may review an employment pathway plan that is in force under Subdivision A in relation to a person.

             (8)  The Employment Secretary may review the plan on the Employment Secretary’s own initiative or on request of the person.

Subdivision ENotification of circumstances preventing or affecting compliance with employment pathway plans

40W  Notification of circumstances preventing or affecting compliance with employment pathway plans

                   If an employment pathway plan is in force under Subdivision A in relation to a person, the person must notify the Employment Secretary of any circumstances preventing the person from complying, or reducing the person’s capacity to comply, with the requirements in the plan.

Division 2BCircumstances in which paid work is unsuitable

40X  Circumstances in which paid work is unsuitable

             (1)  For the purposes of the social security law, particular paid work is unsuitable to be done by a person if and only if:

                     (a)  the person lacks the particular skills, experience or qualifications that are needed to perform the work and no relevant training will be provided to the person; or

                     (b)  it has been established that there is medical evidence that the person has an illness, disability or injury that would be aggravated by the conditions in which the work would be performed; or

                     (c)  the person is the principal carer of one or more children, and does not have access to appropriate care and supervision for the children during:

                              (i)  the times when the person would be required to undertake the work; or

                             (ii)  reasonable amounts of time that would be needed for the person to travel from the person’s home to the place of work and from the place of work to the person’s home; or

                     (d)  performing the work in the conditions in which the work would be performed would constitute a risk to health or safety and would contravene a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory relating to occupational health and safety; or

                     (e)  the terms and conditions for the work would be less generous than the applicable statutory conditions; or

                      (f)  commuting between the person’s home and the place of work would be unreasonably difficult; or

                     (g)  the work would require enlistment in the Defence Force or the Reserves; or

                     (h)  the work requires the person to move from a home in a place to a home in another place; or

                      (i)  for any other reason, the work is unsuitable to be done by the person.

Note:          For the purposes of paragraph (i), see also subsections (4) and (5).

Work outside the area in which the person’s home is situated

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person seeks work in an area (the new area) that is outside the area (the old area) in which the person’s home is situated; and

                     (b)  the person is offered permanent full‑time work (whether or not work of the kind sought) in the new area;

the work offered is not unsuitable for the person because of paragraph (1)(f) or (h) unless:

                     (c)  the person is under the age of 18; or

                     (d)  the person or the person’s partner is pregnant; or

                     (e)  the person or the person’s partner has a severe medical condition and the condition makes it unreasonable for the person to accept the offer; or

                      (f)  the acceptance of the offer would jeopardise the current paid work, or the paid work prospects, of the person’s partner; or

                     (g)  the person or the person’s partner has a child under the age of 16 who is living with them or is living somewhere else in the old area; or

                     (h)  the person or the person’s partner has significant caring responsibilities in the old area; or

                      (i)  the educational, cultural or religious background of the person makes it unreasonable for the person to accept the offer; or

                      (j)  it is more appropriate for the person to participate in education or training than to accept the offer; or

                     (k)  the person would suffer severe financial hardship if the person were to accept the offer.

             (3)  Without limiting subsection (2), if a person, when seeking paid work through an employment service provider, represents to the provider that the person is willing to undertake work outside the area in which the person’s home is situated, the person is taken to have sought work outside that area.

Legislative instrument

             (4)  The Employment Secretary must, by legislative instrument, determine matters to be taken into account in working out whether particular paid work is unsuitable to be done by a person for the purposes of paragraph (1)(i).

             (5)  Subsection (4) does not limit the matters that may be taken into account in working out whether particular paid work is unsuitable to be done by a person for the purposes of paragraph (1)(i).

Interpretation

             (6)  To avoid doubt, for the purposes of this section, paid work is not unsuitable to be done by a person merely because:

                     (a)  the work is not the person’s preferred type of work; or

                     (b)  the work is not commensurate with the person’s highest level of educational attainment or qualification; or

                     (c)  the level of remuneration for the work is not the person’s preferred level of remuneration.

Division 2CGuidelines

40Y  Guidelines

                   The Employment Secretary must, by legislative instrument, determine guidelines about:

                     (a)  how a person satisfies the Employment Secretary that the person is willing to actively seek and to accept and undertake paid work in Australia, except particular paid work that is unsuitable to be done by the person; and

                     (b)  the following:

                              (i)  the kind of information to be provided by the Employment Secretary to a person who has made a claim for a participation payment about the person entering into an employment pathway plan under section 40D or 40E;

                             (ii)  the processes (including any technological requirements) for entering into such a plan;

                            (iii)  the processes for reporting compliance with the requirements in such a plan; and

                     (c)  the circumstances in which performing paid work in Australia may constitute a risk to health or safety and how a person satisfies the Employment Secretary that particular paid work constitutes such a risk.

Division 3Commencement of social security payment

41  Commencement

             (1)  Unless another provision of the social security law provides otherwise, a social security payment becomes payable to a person on the person’s start day in relation to the social security payment.

             (2)  Unless another provision of the social security law provides otherwise, a concession card takes effect on the person’s start day in relation to the card.

42  Start day

                   For the purposes of the social security law, a person’s start day in relation to a social security payment or a concession card is the day worked out in accordance with Schedule 2.

Division 3AACompliance with participation payment obligations: persons other than declared program participants

Subdivision AIntroduction

42AA  Simplified outline of this Division

This Division is about the Secretary taking action to ensure that people (other than declared program participants) meet their obligations in relation to participation payments. The participation payments are jobseeker payment and, for some people, youth allowance, parenting payment and special benefit.

A person commits a mutual obligation failure for failing to comply with obligations relating to participation payments, such as attending appointments, undertaking activities, or taking action to gain paid work. A person commits a work refusal failure for failing to accept an offer of paid work (except paid work that is unsuitable to be done by the person). A person commits an unemployment failure for becoming unemployed because of a voluntary act (except a reasonable act) or misconduct.

For a mutual obligation failure or a work refusal failure, the participation payment may not be payable until the person complies with a reconnection requirement. The person may then receive back pay. The participation payment must be cancelled if the person fails to comply with the reconnection requirement within 4 weeks.

If a person who commits a mutual obligation failure has persistently committed mutual obligation failures and does not have a reasonable excuse then, depending on the circumstances, the person’s participation payment may be reduced by either 50% or 100% for a period (in addition to not being payable) or be cancelled. In addition, a participation payment may be cancelled if a person does not have a reasonable excuse for a work refusal failure. No participation payments are payable to a person for 4 weeks if a participation payment is cancelled for a mutual obligation failure or a work refusal failure.

If a person commits an unemployment failure, participation payments may not be payable to the person for either 4 or 6 weeks, depending on whether relocation assistance had been paid to help the person take up the employment concerned. Also, the person’s participation payment may be cancelled if he or she was receiving a participation payment when the unemployment failure was committed.

42AB  Division not to apply to declared program participants

                   This Division applies in relation to a person if the person is not a declared program participant.

Subdivision BFailures for which compliance action must be taken

42AC  Mutual obligation failures

             (1)  A person commits a mutual obligation failure if the person is receiving a participation payment and any of the following applies:

                     (a)  the person fails to comply with a requirement that was notified to the person under subsection 63(2) or (4);

                     (b)  the person fails to comply with a requirement, under section 40A, to enter into an employment pathway plan;

                     (c)  the person fails to attend, or to be punctual for, an appointment that the person is required to attend by:

                              (i)  a notice under subsection 63(2); or

                             (ii)  an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person;

                     (d)  the person fails to attend, to be punctual for, or to participate in, an activity that the person is required to undertake by an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person;

                     (e)  an employment pathway plan is in force in relation to the person and the person fails to satisfy the Secretary that the person has undertaken adequate job search efforts in relation to a period worked out in accordance with the plan (see subsection (2));

                      (f)  an employment pathway plan is in force in relation to the person and the person fails to comply with any other requirement of the plan that applies to the person;

                     (g)  the Secretary is satisfied that the person acted in an inappropriate manner:

                              (i)  during an appointment to which paragraph (c) applies that the person attended; or

                             (ii)  while participating in an activity referred to in paragraph (d);

                     (h)  the person intentionally acts in a manner and it is reasonably foreseeable that acting in that manner could result in an offer of paid work in Australia (except particular paid work that is unsuitable to be done by the person) not being made to the person;

                      (i)  the person fails to:

                              (i)  attend a job interview; or

                             (ii)  act on a job opportunity when requested to do so by an employment services provider.

Note:          In certain circumstances a person is taken to be receiving a participation payment even if it is not payable to the person: see section 42AQ.

          (1A)  However, a person does not commit a mutual obligation failure in relation to the person’s failure to:

                     (a)  accept an offer of paid work in Australia of more than 15 hours per week; or

                     (b)  undertake paid work in Australia of more than 15 hours per week;

if the person is the principal carer of at least one child or has a partial capacity to work.

Note 1:       For principal carer see subsections 5(15) to (24) of the 1991 Act.

Note 2:       For partial capacity to work see section 16B of the 1991 Act.

             (2)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(e), the question whether a person has undertaken adequate job search efforts in relation to a particular period is to be worked out in accordance with a determination in force under subsection (3).

             (3)  The Secretary must, by legislative instrument, make a determination for the purposes of subsection (2).

             (4)  Paragraph (1)(c) does not limit paragraph (1)(a), and paragraph (1)(i) does not limit paragraph (1)(h).

42AD  Work refusal failures

             (1)  A person commits a work refusal failure if:

                     (a)  the person is receiving a participation payment; and

                    (aa)  in the case where the participation payment is parenting payment—the person is not someone to whom paragraph 500(1)(ca) of the 1991 Act applies; and

                     (b)  the person refuses or fails to accept an offer of paid work in Australia, except particular paid work that is unsuitable to be done by the person.

Note 1:       In certain circumstances a person is taken to be receiving a participation payment even if it is not payable to the person: see section 42AQ.

Note 2:       See Division 2B for the circumstances in which paid work is unsuitable to be done by a person.

             (2)  However, a person does not commit a work refusal failure if:

                     (a)  the person is the principal carer of at least one child or has a partial capacity to work; and

                     (b)  the person refuses or fails to accept an offer of paid work in Australia that is more than 15 hours per week.

Note 1:       For principal carer see subsections 5(15) to (24) of the 1991 Act.

Note 2:       For partial capacity to work see section 16B of the 1991 Act.

42AE  Unemployment failures

             (1)  A person commits an unemployment failure if:

                     (a)  the person is receiving a participation payment; and

                    (aa)  in the case where the participation payment is parenting payment—the person is not someone to whom paragraph 500(1)(ca) of the 1991 Act applies; and

                     (b)  the person becomes unemployed:

                              (i)  as a direct or indirect result of a voluntary act of the person; or

                             (ii)  as a result of the person’s misconduct as an employee.

Note:          In certain circumstances a person is taken to be receiving a participation payment even if it is not payable to the person: see section 42AQ.

             (2)  A person also commits an unemployment failure if:

                     (a)  the person is not receiving, but has made a claim for, a participation payment; and

                    (aa)  in the case where the participation payment is parenting payment—the person is not someone to whom paragraph 500(1)(ca) of the 1991 Act applies; and

                     (b)  the person becomes unemployed (whether before or after making the claim):

                              (i)  as a direct or indirect result of a voluntary act of the person; or

                             (ii)  as a result of the person’s misconduct as an employee.

             (3)  However, a person does not commit an unemployment failure because of subparagraph (1)(b)(i) or (2)(b)(i) if the person satisfies the Secretary that the voluntary act was reasonable.

             (4)  A person also does not commit an unemployment failure if:

                     (a)  the person is the principal carer of at least one child or has a partial capacity to work; and

                     (b)  the work in relation to which the person became unemployed was work of more than 15 hours per week.

Note 1:       For principal carer see subsections 5(15) to (24) of the 1991 Act.

Note 2:       For partial capacity to work see section 16B of the 1991 Act.

Subdivision CCompliance action that must be taken for particular failures

42AF  Compliance action for mutual obligation failures

Usual rule

             (1)  If a person commits a mutual obligation failure (the relevant failure), the Secretary may:

                     (a)  determine that the person’s participation payment is not payable to the person for a period (see section 42AL); and

                     (b)  take action under subsection (2) (if applicable).

Note:          The person may be eligible for back pay once the payment suspension period ends (see subsection 42AL(4)).

Special rule—persistent mutual obligation failures and no reasonable excuse

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the Secretary is satisfied in accordance with an instrument made under subsection 42AR(1) that the person has persistently committed mutual obligation failures; and

                     (b)  the person does not satisfy the Secretary that the person has a reasonable excuse for the relevant failure (see sections 42AI and 42AJ);

the Secretary may determine:

                     (c)  that an instalment of the person’s participation payment for an instalment period is to be reduced (see section 42AN), in addition to making a determination under paragraph (1)(a) of this section; or

                     (d)  that the person’s participation payment is cancelled (see section 42AP).

Note 1:       For paragraph (c), the person may be eligible for back pay once the person’s payment suspension period ends (see subsection 42AL(4)). However, the back pay may be reduced (including to nil) if the instalment period for which an instalment is to be reduced under paragraph (c) overlaps with the payment suspension period.

Note 2:       For paragraph (d), a further consequence is that participation payments will not be payable to the person for the person’s post‑cancellation non‑payment period (see subsection 42AP(5)).

             (3)  A determination made under paragraph (2)(d) for the relevant failure has effect despite any determination made under paragraph (1)(a) for the relevant failure.

Action not to be taken—instalment already reduced to nil for instalment period when failure committed

             (4)  Despite subsections (1) and (2), the Secretary must not make a determination under this section for the relevant failure if:

                     (a)  the Secretary has previously determined under paragraph (2)(c) that an instalment of the person’s participation payment for an instalment period is to be reduced; and

                     (b)  the instalment for the instalment period is reduced by the whole of the amount of the instalment (see paragraph 42AN(3)(b)); and

                     (c)  the person commits the relevant failure during that instalment period.

42AG  Compliance action for work refusal failures

             (1)  If a person commits a work refusal failure, the Secretary may:

                     (a)  determine that the person’s participation payment is not payable to the person for a period (see section 42AL); or

                     (b)  determine that the person’s participation payment is cancelled (see section 42AP) if the person does not satisfy the Secretary that the person has a reasonable excuse for the work refusal failure (see section 42AI).

Action not to be taken—instalment already reduced to nil for instalment period when failure committed

             (4)  Despite subsection (1), the Secretary must not take action under this section for a work refusal failure (the relevant failure) if:

                     (a)  the Secretary has previously determined under paragraph 42AF(2)(c) that the amount of an instalment of the person’s participation payment for an instalment period is to be reduced; and

                     (b)  the instalment for the instalment period is reduced by the whole of the amount of the instalment (see paragraph 42AN(3)(b)); and

                     (c)  the person commits the relevant failure during that instalment period.

42AH  Compliance action for unemployment failures

Unemployment failures committed by persons receiving a participation payment

             (1)  If a person receiving a participation payment commits an unemployment failure, the Secretary may determine that the participation payment is cancelled (see section 42AP).

Note:          Participation payments will not be payable to the person for the person’s post‑cancellation non‑payment period (see subsection 42AP(5)).

Unemployment failures committed by persons claiming a participation payment

             (2)  If a person who has made a claim for (but is not receiving) a participation payment has committed an unemployment failure, the Secretary may determine that participation payments (whether or not the same as the participation payment that was claimed) are not payable to the person for a period (see section 42AO).

42AI  Reasonable excuses—matters that must or must not be taken into account

Matters to be taken into account

             (1)  The Secretary must, by legislative instrument, determine matters that the Secretary must take into account in deciding whether a person has a reasonable excuse for committing:

                     (a)  a mutual obligation failure (see paragraph 42AF(2)(b)); or

                     (b)  a work refusal failure (see paragraph 42AG(1)(b)).

             (2)  To avoid doubt, a determination under subsection (1) does not limit the matters that the Secretary may take into account in deciding whether the person has a reasonable excuse.

Matters not to be taken into account

             (3)  The Secretary may, by legislative instrument, determine matters that the Secretary must not take into account in deciding whether a person has a reasonable excuse for committing:

                     (a)  a mutual obligation failure (see paragraph 42AF(2)(b)); or

                     (b)  a work refusal failure (see paragraph 42AG(1)(b)).

42AJ  Reasonable excuses for mutual obligation failures—prior notification required for certain failures

             (1)  For the purposes of paragraph 42AF(2)(b), an excuse cannot be a reasonable excuse for a mutual obligation failure mentioned in subsection (2) of this section that is committed by a person unless:

                     (a)  the person notifies the excuse as mentioned in subsection (3) of this section; or

                     (b)  the Secretary is satisfied that there were circumstances in which it was not reasonable to expect the person to give the notification.

Note:          The Secretary may also decide for other reasons that the excuse is not a reasonable excuse.

             (2)  The failures are as follows:

                     (a)  a failure to comply with a requirement that was notified to the person under subsection 63(2) to attend an office of the Department, to contact the Department, or to attend a particular place;

                     (b)  without limiting paragraph (a), a failure to attend, or to be punctual for, an appointment that the person is required to attend by a notice under subsection 63(2);

                     (c)  a failure to attend, to be punctual for, or to participate in, an activity that the person is required to undertake by an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person;

                     (d)  a failure to attend, or to be punctual for, an appointment that the person is required to attend by an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person.

             (3)  The person must notify the excuse:

                     (a)  for a failure mentioned in paragraph (2)(a) or (b):

                              (i)  before the end of the time specified under subsection 63(2); and

                             (ii)  to the person or body specified by the Secretary as the person or body to whom prior notice should be given if the person is unable to comply with the notice under subsection 63(2); and

                     (b)  for a failure mentioned in paragraph (2)(c) or (d):

                              (i)  before the start of the activity on the day concerned, or before the time of the appointment; and

                             (ii)  to the person or body specified in the employment pathway plan as the person or body to whom prior notice should be given if the person is unable to undertake the activity or attend the appointment.

42AK  Relationship between provisions of this Subdivision

                   Sections 42AF, 42AG and 42AH do not limit each other.

Subdivision DEffect of taking particular compliance action

42AL  Payment suspension periods for mutual obligation failures and work refusal failures

             (1)  If the Secretary determines under section 42AF or 42AG that a participation payment is not payable to a person for a period, the participation payment is not payable for the period (the payment suspension period) worked out under this section.

             (2)  The payment suspension period begins at the start of:

                     (a)  the instalment period in which the person commits the mutual obligation failure or the work refusal failure (unless paragraph (b) applies); or

                     (b)  if the Secretary determines that a later instalment period is more appropriate—that later instalment period.

             (3)  The payment suspension period ends immediately before:

                     (a)  the day the person complies with the reconnection requirement imposed under subsection 42AM(1) (unless paragraph (b) of this subsection applies); or

                     (b)  if the Secretary determines that an earlier day is more appropriate—that earlier day.

             (4)  If the payment suspension period ends under subsection (3) for a person, then, for the purposes of the social security law after the end of that period:

                     (a)  the participation payment is taken to be payable to the person from the start of that period (subject to the social security law); and

                     (b)  the Secretary is taken to have made a determination to the effect mentioned in paragraph (a).

Note:          The effect of this subsection is that the person may receive back pay for the payment suspension period. However, the back pay may be reduced (including to nil) if the instalment period for which an instalment is to be reduced under section 42AN overlaps with the payment suspension period.

42AM  Reconnection requirements for mutual obligation failures and work refusal failures

             (1)  The Secretary must impose a requirement (the reconnection requirement) on a person if the Secretary determines under section 42AF or 42AG that a participation payment is not payable to the person for a period.

             (2)  The Secretary must notify the person, in any way the Secretary considers appropriate, of:

                     (a)  the reconnection requirement; and

                     (b)  the effect of not complying with the reconnection requirement.

             (3)  The Secretary must determine that the person’s participation payment is cancelled if:

                     (a)  the Secretary does not determine an earlier day for the purposes of ending the person’s payment suspension period under paragraph 42AL(3)(b); and

                     (b)  the person fails to comply with the reconnection requirement within 4 weeks after it is notified under subsection (2) of this section.

             (4)  If the Secretary makes a determination under subsection (3), the participation payment is cancelled at the end of the 4 weeks mentioned in paragraph (3)(b).

42AN  Reducing instalments of participation payments for mutual obligation failures

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a person commits a mutual obligation failure; and

                     (b)  the Secretary makes a determination (the reduction determination) under paragraph 42AF(2)(c) that an instalment of a participation payment for an instalment period (the reduction period) is to be reduced.

             (2)  The reduction period must be:

                     (a)  the instalment period in which the person commits the mutual obligation failure (unless paragraph (b) applies); or

                     (b)  if the Secretary determines that a later instalment period is more appropriate—that later instalment period.

             (3)  The instalment payable to the person is reduced by an amount included in the reduction determination that is equal to:

                     (a)  half of the instalment that would otherwise have been payable for the reduction period; or

                     (b)  the whole of the instalment that would otherwise have been payable for the reduction period.

Note:          Paragraph (b) may have the effect of reducing the amount of the instalment to nil. However, the participation payment remains payable (see subsection (6)).

             (4)  The Secretary must determine which of paragraph (3)(a) or (b) applies in relation to the reduction in accordance with an instrument made under subsection 42AR(1).

             (5)  The Secretary may make the reduction determination in accordance with paragraph (3)(b) for the reduction period even if the Secretary has already made a determination for the person in accordance with paragraph (3)(a) for the same instalment period for a different mutual obligation failure.

             (6)  The participation payment remains payable for the reduction period even if the amount of an instalment is reduced to nil in accordance with this section.

42AO  Unemployment preclusion periods for unemployment failures by persons claiming participation payments

             (1)  If the Secretary determines under subsection 42AH(2) that participation payments are not payable to a person who has made a claim for a participation payment, then participation payments are not payable to the person for the period (the unemployment preclusion period) of:

                     (a)  4 weeks beginning on the day the person becomes unemployed as a result of the person’s voluntary act or misconduct (unless paragraph (b) applies); or

                     (b)  6 weeks beginning on that day, if, during the 6 months ending on the day immediately before that day, relocation assistance, for the employment to which the voluntary act or misconduct related, has been paid to or for the benefit of the person.

Note 1:       The unemployment preclusion period may affect the person’s start day for a claim (see clauses 5 and 5A of Schedule 2).

Note 2:       For the purposes of this subsection, it is irrelevant which participation payment the person claimed (see subsection 42AH(2)).

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, relocation assistance for employment means a payment:

                     (a)  that is made by or on behalf of the Commonwealth to or for the benefit of a person for the purpose of assisting the person to take up the employment; and

                     (b)  that is specified under subsection (3).

             (3)  The Secretary may, by legislative instrument, specify one or more payments for the purposes of paragraph (2)(b).

42AP  Cancelling participation payments

             (1)  This section applies if the Secretary determines under Subdivision C that the participation payment of a person who has committed a mutual obligation failure, a work refusal failure or an unemployment failure is cancelled.

When payments are cancelled

             (2)  For a mutual obligation failure or a work refusal failure, the participation payment is cancelled at the start of the following day (the cancellation day):

                     (a)  the first day of the instalment period in which the person commits the failure (unless paragraph (b) applies);

                     (b)  if the Secretary determines that a later instalment period is more appropriate—the first day of that later instalment period.

             (3)  For an unemployment failure committed by a person who was receiving the participation payment when he or she became unemployed, the participation payment is cancelled at the start of the following day (the cancellation day):

                     (a)  the day that the person becomes unemployed as a result of the person’s voluntary act or misconduct (unless paragraph (b) applies);

                     (b)  the first day of the first instalment period for the person that begins after the day the Secretary makes the determination under subsection 42AH(1), if the Secretary considers it more appropriate.

             (4)  For the purposes of paragraph (3)(b), the day the Secretary makes the determination is the day the Secretary originally makes the determination (even if another decision in relation to the determination is later made on review).

Participation payments not payable for post‑cancellation non‑payment period

             (5)  A participation payment (whether or not the same as the participation payment that was cancelled) is not payable to the person for the period (the post‑cancellation non‑payment period) of:

                     (a)  4 weeks beginning on the cancellation day (unless paragraph (b) applies); or

                     (b)  6 weeks beginning on the cancellation day, if:

                              (i)  the cancellation is for an unemployment failure; and

                             (ii)  during the 6 months ending on the day immediately before the person becomes unemployed, relocation assistance, for the employment to which the voluntary act or misconduct related, has been paid to or for the benefit of the person.

Note 1:       If the person makes a claim for a participation payment, the post‑cancellation non‑payment period may affect the person’s start day for the claim (see clauses 5 and 5A of Schedule 2).

Note 2:       For relocation assistance, see subsection 42AO(2).

Participation payment taken to not be cancelled for certain purposes during post‑cancellation non‑payment period

             (6)  Despite subsections (2) and (3), the participation payment is taken to not be cancelled for the purposes of the following provisions until the end of the post‑cancellation non‑payment period:

                     (a)  a provision of the social security law, or the Family Assistance Act, that refers to a post‑cancellation non‑payment period or a compliance penalty period, other than a provision that is determined by the Minister under subsection 42AR(2) of this Act for the purposes of this paragraph;

                     (b)  section 106B of this Act (automatic cancellation of certain concession cards);

                     (c)  a provision of the social security law that is determined by the Minister under subsection 42AR(2) of this Act for the purposes of this paragraph.

Subdivision EMiscellaneous

42AQ  Persons for whom participation payments not payable taken to still be receiving payment for certain purposes

                   If, under this Division, a participation payment is not payable to a person for a period, then, for the purposes of the following provisions, the person is taken to be receiving that participation payment for that period:

                     (a)  Subdivision B (except if the participation payment is not payable because of subsections 42AH(2) and 42AO(1) (unemployment preclusion periods));

                     (b)  sections 63 and 64;

                     (c)  any other provision of the social security law, or the Family Assistance Act, that is determined by the Minister under subsection 42AR(2) of this Act for the purposes of this paragraph.

42AR  Minister to make determinations for purposes of this Division

             (1)  The Minister must, by legislative instrument, determine the following:

                     (a)  for the purposes of paragraph 42AF(2)(a)—circumstances in which the Secretary must, or must not, be satisfied that a person has persistently committed mutual obligation failures;

                     (c)  for the purposes of subsection 42AN(4):

                              (i)  circumstances in which paragraph 42AN(3)(a) applies in relation to the reduction of an instalment for an instalment period; and

                             (ii)  circumstances in which paragraph 42AN(3)(b) applies in relation to the reduction of an instalment for an instalment period.

             (2)  In addition, the Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine provisions of the social security law or the Family Assistance Act for the purposes of paragraph 42AP(6)(a) or (c) or 42AQ(c) of this Act.

42AS  Relationship with section 80

                   Nothing in this Division affects the power of the Secretary to cancel or suspend a participation payment under section 80.

Note:          However, the Secretary cannot suspend or cancel a participation payment under that section on the basis that the participation payment is not, or was not, payable because of the operation of this Division (see paragraph 80(1)(b)).

Division 3ACompliance with participation payment obligations: declared program participants

Subdivision AIntroduction

42A  Simplified outline of this Division

The Secretary may determine that a declared program participant commits a no show no pay failure, a connection failure, a reconnection failure or a serious failure.

A declared program participant commits such a failure by failing to comply with his or her obligations in relation to a participation payment. The participation payments are jobseeker payment and, for some people, youth allowance, parenting payment and special benefit.

For a no show no pay failure, a penalty amount is deducted from the participant’s participation payment.

For a connection failure, a requirement may be imposed on the participant (and if the participant fails to comply with the requirement, the participant commits a reconnection failure).

For a reconnection failure, generally a penalty amount is deducted from the participant’s participation payment until the participant complies with a requirement imposed on the participant.

For a serious failure, a participation payment is not payable to the participant for 8 weeks. The 8 week period may be ended in certain circumstances.

The Secretary may also determine that a declared program participant is unemployed as a result of a voluntary act or misconduct. If the Secretary does so, a participation payment is not payable to the participant for either 8 or 12 weeks, depending on the circumstances.

The Secretary may also determine that a participation payment is not payable to a declared program participant for a period because of certain failures. Once that period ends, the participant may be able to receive back pay. For a failure to attend an appointment, a penalty amount may be deducted from the participant’s participation payment.

42B  Application of this Division only to declared program participants

                   This Division applies in relation to a person if the person is a declared program participant.

Subdivision BNo show no pay failures

42C  No show no pay failures

             (1)  The Secretary may determine that a person commits a no show no pay failure on a day if:

                     (a)  the person commits any of the following failures:

                              (i)  the person fails to participate, on the day, in an activity that the person is required to undertake by an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person;

                             (ii)  the person fails to comply, on the day, with a serious failure requirement imposed on the person;

                            (iii)  the person commits misconduct, on the day, while participating in an activity referred to in subparagraph (i) or while purporting to comply with a serious failure requirement imposed on the person;

                            (iv)  the person intentionally acts in a manner on the day (including by failing to attend a job interview), and it is reasonably foreseeable that acting in that manner could result in an offer of paid work in Australia (except particular paid work that is unsuitable to be done by the person) not being made to the person; and

                     (b)  the person receives an instalment of a participation payment for the instalment period in which the day occurs.

Note:          A penalty amount is deducted from the person’s participation payment for a no show no pay failure (see section 42D).

             (2)  Without limiting subparagraph (1)(a)(i), a person fails to participate in an activity if:

                     (a)  the person fails to attend the activity at all; or

                     (b)  the person is not punctual in attending the activity.

Limitations on determining no show no pay failures

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  more than one subparagraph of paragraph (1)(a) applies to a person on a day; or

                     (b)  a subparagraph of paragraph (1)(a) applies more than once to a person on a day;

then the Secretary may only determine that the person commits one no show no pay failure on the day.

Note:          However, the Secretary may determine that a person commits no show no pay failures on 2 or more days.

             (4)  Despite subsection (1), the Secretary must not determine that a person commits a no show no pay failure on a day if:

                     (a)  both of the following apply:

                              (i)  subparagraph (1)(a)(i), (ii) or (iv) applies;

                             (ii)  the person satisfies the Secretary that the person has a reasonable excuse for the failure; or

                     (b)  the person is a new apprentice; or

                   (ba)  the person is someone to whom section 42SB applies; or

                     (c)  the day is in a reconnection failure period for the person.

Note:          The Secretary must take certain matters into account for the purposes of paragraph (4)(a) and may be prohibited from taking other matters into account for those purposes (see section 42U). For the purposes of paragraph (4)(a), see also section 42UA (about prior notification of excuses).

Determining an instalment period

             (5)  The Secretary must include in a determination under this section the instalment period in which a penalty amount (see section 42T) for the no show no pay failure is to be deducted from the person’s instalment of a participation payment, provided that the penalty amount may not be deducted until at least the instalment after the first instalment made following notification to the person of the no show no pay failure.

42D  Deducting the penalty amount

                   If the Secretary determines that a person commits a no show no pay failure, the person’s penalty amount (see section 42T) for the no show no pay failure is to be deducted from the person’s instalment of a participation payment for the instalment period determined under subsection 42C(5).

Note:          The balance of the penalty amount is to be deducted from instalments of the participation payment for any later instalment periods, or from any instalments of any other participation payment paid to the person (see section 42V).

Subdivision CConnection and reconnection failures

42E  Connection failures

             (1)  The Secretary may determine that a person commits a connection failure if:

                     (a)  the person commits any of the failures mentioned in subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person receives an instalment of a participation payment for the instalment period in which the person commits the failure.

Note:          A reconnection requirement may be imposed for a connection failure (see section 42G).

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), the failures are the following:

                     (a)  the person fails to comply with a requirement that was notified to the person under subsection 63(2) or (4);

                     (b)  the person fails to comply with a requirement, under section 40A, to enter into an employment pathway plan;

                     (c)  the person fails to attend an appointment that the person is required to attend by an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person;

                     (d)  the person is issued with a notice under subsection 42F(1) and fails to comply with it within the period specified in the notice;

                     (e)  the person fails to comply with subsection 42F(2);

                      (f)  the person fails to comply with a requirement included in an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person to undertake a certain number of job searches per fortnight;

                     (g)  the person fails to comply with a requirement included in an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person:

                              (i)  to keep a record of the person’s job searches in a document referred to in the plan as a job seeker diary; and

                             (ii)  to return the job seeker diary to the Department at the end of the period specified in the plan.

             (3)  The Secretary may determine that a person commits 2 or more connection failures on a day.

Limitations on determining connection failures

             (4)  Despite subsection (1), the Secretary must not determine that a person commits a connection failure if:

                     (a)  the person satisfies the Secretary that the person has a reasonable excuse for the failure; or

                     (b)  both of the following apply:

                              (i)  the person’s failure is a failure to comply with a requirement under section 40A to enter into an employment pathway plan;

                             (ii)  a youth allowance is not payable to the person for the instalment period in which the person commits the failure because of section 547AA of the 1991 Act; or

                     (c)  both of the following apply:

                              (i)  the person’s failure is a failure to comply with a requirement under section 40A to enter into an employment pathway plan;

                             (ii)  a jobseeker payment is not payable to the person for the instalment period in which the person commits the failure because of section 615 of the 1991 Act; or

                     (d)  the person is a new apprentice; or

                   (da)  the person is someone to whom section 42SB applies; or

                     (e)  in the case of a failure under paragraphs (2)(d) to (g)—the person is receiving parenting payment.

Note:          The Secretary must take certain matters into account for the purposes of paragraph (4)(a) and may be prohibited from taking other matters into account for those purposes (see section 42U). For the purposes of paragraph (4)(a), see also section 42UA (about prior notification of excuses).

42F  Requiring a person to apply for job vacancies

             (1)  The Secretary may notify a person that the person must apply for a particular number of advertised job vacancies in the period specified in the notice if:

                     (a)  the person is required to satisfy the employment pathway plan requirements; and

                     (b)  the person is receiving a participation payment other than a parenting payment.

             (2)  For each such job vacancy the person (the job applicant) applies for during that period, the job applicant must give the Secretary a written statement from the person or body offering the job vacancy that confirms that the job applicant applied for the job vacancy.

             (3)  The statement from the person or body offering the job vacancy must be in a form approved by the Secretary.

             (4)  Subsection (2) does not apply to a person if the Secretary is satisfied that there are special circumstances in which it is not reasonable to expect the person to give the statement referred to in that subsection.

42G  Reconnection requirements

                   If:

                     (a)  the Secretary determines that a person commits a connection failure; or

                     (b)  a person fails to participate, on a day, in an activity that the person is required to undertake by an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person; or

                     (c)  a person fails to attend an appointment that the person is required to attend by an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person; or

                    (ca)  a person fails to attend an appointment that the person is required to attend by a notice under subsection 63(2); or

                     (d)  a person fails to comply with any other requirement that was notified to the person under subsection 63(2) or (4);

then:

                     (e)  if, in relation to a failure referred to in paragraph (b), (c) or (ca), the Secretary determines, under subsection 42SA(1), that a participation payment is not payable to the person—the Secretary must require the person to comply with a requirement (the reconnection requirement); or

                      (f)  in any other case—the Secretary may require the person to comply with a requirement (the reconnection requirement).

Note:          The Secretary must notify the person of the effect of not complying with the reconnection requirement (see section 42K).

42H  Reconnection failures

             (1)  The Secretary may determine that a person commits a reconnection failure if:

                     (a)  the person is required to comply with:

                              (i)  a reconnection requirement; or

                             (ii)  a further reconnection requirement; and

                     (b)  the person fails to comply with the requirement.

Note:          A further reconnection requirement may be imposed, and a penalty amount is deducted from the person’s participation payment, for a reconnection failure (see sections 42J and 42L).

             (2)  The Secretary may determine that a person commits 2 or more reconnection failures on a day.

Limitation on determining reconnection failures

             (3)  Despite subsection (1), the Secretary must not determine that a person commits a reconnection failure if:

                     (a)  the person satisfies the Secretary that the person has a reasonable excuse for the failure; or

                     (b)  the person is someone to whom section 42SB applies.

Note:          The Secretary must take certain matters into account for the purposes of paragraph (a) and may be prohibited from taking other matters into account for those purposes (see section 42U). For the purposes of paragraph (a), see also section 42UA (about prior notification of excuses).

Reconnection failure period

             (4)  If the Secretary determines that a person commits a reconnection failure, the person commits the failure during the period (the reconnection failure period) that:

                     (a)  begins on the day the person commits the failure; and

                     (b)  ends on:

                              (i)  the day before the person complies with any further reconnection requirement imposed on the person in relation to the reconnection failure; or

                             (ii)  if the person fails to comply with a further reconnection requirement imposed on the person in relation to the reconnection failure, and the person satisfies the Secretary that the person has a reasonable excuse for the failure—the day before the person fails to comply with the requirement.

Determining an instalment period

             (5)  The Secretary must include in a determination under this section the instalment period in which a penalty amount (see section 42T) for the reconnection failure is to be deducted from the person’s instalment of a participation payment.

42J  Further reconnection requirements

             (1)  The Secretary may require a person to comply with a further requirement (the further reconnection requirement) if the Secretary determines that:

                     (a)  the person fails to comply with a reconnection requirement imposed on the person; or

                     (b)  the person fails to comply with an earlier further reconnection requirement imposed on the person.

Note:          The Secretary must notify the person of the effect of not complying with the further reconnection requirement (see section 42K).

             (2)  The Secretary may impose a further reconnection requirement on a person under subsection (1) even if the person satisfies the Secretary that the person has a reasonable excuse for failing to comply with the reconnection requirement or earlier further reconnection requirement.

42K  Notification requirements

             (1)  The Secretary must notify the person that a failure to comply with a reconnection requirement or a further reconnection requirement imposed on the person might result in either or both of the following:

                     (a)  a penalty amount being deducted from the person’s participation payment;

                     (b)  the person’s participation payment not being payable to the person for a period.

             (2)  The notification does not have to be in writing, but must occur before the person is required to comply with the reconnection requirement or the further reconnection requirement.

42L  Deduction of penalty amount

                   If the Secretary determines that a person commits a reconnection failure, the person’s penalty amount (see section 42T) for the reconnection failure is to be deducted from the person’s instalment of a participation payment for the instalment period determined under subsection 42H(5).

Note:          The balance of the penalty amount is to be deducted from instalments of the participation payment for any later instalment periods, or from any instalments of any other participation payment paid to the person (see section 42V).

Subdivision DSerious failures

42M  Serious failure for persistent non‑compliance

             (1)  The Secretary may determine that a person commits a serious failure if:

                     (a)  the Secretary is satisfied that the person has, up to the day the Secretary makes the determination, persistently failed to comply with his or her obligations in relation to a participation payment (including by committing no show no pay failures, connection failures or reconnection failures); and

                     (b)  the person receives a participation payment for the instalment period in which the Secretary makes the determination.

Note 1:       A participation payment is not payable for 8 weeks for a serious failure (see section 42P).

Note 2:       For the day the Secretary makes the determination, see section 42Y.

             (2)  In determining whether a person commits a serious failure under subsection (1):

                     (a)  the Secretary must not take into account failures that were outside the person’s control; and

                     (b)  the Secretary may only take into account any other failures that occurred intentionally, recklessly or negligently.

Limitations on determining persistent non‑compliance serious failures

             (3)  The Secretary must not determine that a person commits a serious failure under subsection (1):

                     (a)  while the person is in a serious failure period for another serious failure determined under subsection (1); or

                     (b)  if the person is a new apprentice; or

                     (c)  if the person is someone to whom section 42SB applies.

Legislative instrument

             (4)  The Minister must, by legislative instrument, determine matters that the Secretary must take into account in deciding whether a person persistently failed to comply with his or her obligations in relation to a participation payment.

             (5)  In deciding whether a person persistently failed to comply with his or her obligations in relation to a participation payment, the Secretary must take the matters determined under subsection (4) into account.

             (6)  To avoid doubt, subsection (5) does not limit the matters that the Secretary may take into account in deciding whether the person failed to comply with his or her obligations.

42N  Serious failure for refusing or failing to accept an offer of paid work

             (1)  The Secretary may determine that a person commits a serious failure if:

                     (a)  the person is receiving a participation payment; and

                     (b)  the person refuses or fails to accept an offer of paid work in Australia, except particular paid work that is unsuitable to be done by the person.

Note 1:       A participation payment is not payable for 8 weeks for a serious failure (see section 42P).

Note 2:       See Division 2B for the circumstances in which paid work is unsuitable to be done by a person.

             (2)  Despite subsection (1), the Secretary must not determine that a person commits a serious failure under that subsection if:

                     (a)  the person satisfies the Secretary that the person has a reasonable excuse for the failure; or

                     (b)  the person is someone to whom section 42SB applies.

Note:          The Secretary must take certain matters into account for the purposes of paragraph (a) and may be prohibited from taking other matters into account for those purposes (see section 42U).

             (3)  Despite subsection (1), the Secretary must not determine that a person commits a serious failure under that subsection if:

                     (a)  the person is the principal carer of at least one child or has a partial capacity to work; and

                     (b)  the person refuses or fails to accept an offer of paid work in Australia that is more than 15 hours per week.

Note 1:       For principal carer see subsections 5(15) to (24) of the 1991 Act.

Note 2:       For partial capacity to work see section 16B of the 1991 Act.

42NA  Comprehensive compliance assessment

             (1)  Before the Secretary determines that a person has committed a serious failure under section 42M, the Secretary must conduct a comprehensive compliance assessment in relation to the person.

             (2)  The comprehensive compliance assessment must assess the following:

                     (a)  the reasons why the person may have committed failures under this Division;

                     (b)  the reasons why the person may have failed to meet other requirements under the social security law;

                     (c)  whether the person has any barriers to employment;

                     (d)  whether the person’s participation requirements are appropriate.

42NC  Determination about serious failure requirements and severe financial hardship

                   If the Secretary determines that a person commits a serious failure, the Secretary must also determine that this section applies unless the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the person does not have the capacity to undertake any serious failure requirement; and

                     (b)  serving the serious failure period would cause the person to be in severe financial hardship.

42P  Consequences of serious failure

Participation payment not payable during serious failure period

             (1)  If the Secretary determines that a person commits a serious failure and has determined that section 42NC applies, a participation payment is not payable to the person during the person’s serious failure period.

Note 1:       The Secretary may end a serious failure period under section 42Q or determine that a participation payment is payable, despite this section, under section 42R.

Note 2:       The Secretary may continue the participation payment pending the outcome of an application for review (see sections 131 and 145 of the Administration Act).

             (2)  The person’s serious failure period is the period:

                     (a)  beginning on the first day of the first instalment period that begins after the day the Secretary makes the determination; and

                     (b)  ending:

                              (i)  if the Secretary ends the person’s serious failure period under section 42Q—on the day mentioned in that section; or

                             (ii)  otherwise—8 weeks after the period begins.

Note:          For the day the Secretary makes the determination, see section 42Y.

Serious failure requirements

             (3)  If the Secretary determines that a person commits a serious failure, then the Secretary may require the person to comply with a requirement (the serious failure requirement).

Note:          A person who complies with a serious failure requirement may have his or her serious failure period end under section 42Q. A person who fails to comply with a serious failure requirement may commit a no show no pay failure under section 42C.

42Q  Ending serious failure periods

             (1)  The Secretary may end a person’s serious failure period if:

                     (a)  the person begins to comply with a serious failure requirement imposed on the person; or

                     (b)  the Secretary determines that:

                              (i)  the person does not have the capacity to undertake any serious failure requirement; and

                             (ii)  serving the serious failure period would cause the person to be in severe financial hardship.

Note:          For in severe financial hardship see subsection 14A(7) of the 1991 Act.

          (1A)  The Secretary may make a determination under paragraph (1)(b) on request or on his or her own initiative.

             (2)  The person’s serious failure period ends on:

                     (a)  if paragraph (1)(a) applies—the day before the person begins to comply with the requirement; or

                     (b)  if the Secretary makes a determination under paragraph (1)(b) on request—the day before the request was made; or

                     (c)  if the Secretary makes a determination under paragraph (1)(b) on his or her own initiative—the day before the Secretary makes the determination.

Note:          For the day the Secretary makes the determination, see section 42Y.

             (3)  Section 42NC does not affect the operation of this section.

42R  Determining that participation payments payable

             (1)  The Secretary may determine that, despite a person’s serious failure period, a participation payment is payable to the person during the period mentioned in subsection (2) if the person informs the Secretary that the person intends to comply with a serious failure requirement imposed on the person.

             (2)  The participation payment is payable during the period that:

                     (a)  begins on the day that the person informs the Secretary; and

                     (b)  ends on:

                              (i)  the day before the person begins to comply with the serious failure requirement; or

                             (ii)  if the person does not begin to comply with the serious failure requirement on the day the person is required to begin—the day before that day.

             (3)  If a period ends under subparagraph (2)(b)(ii), the period (the payability period) mentioned in subsection (2) does not count towards the 8 weeks of the person’s serious failure period.

Subdivision EUnemployment resulting from a voluntary act or misconduct

42S  Unemployment resulting from a voluntary act or misconduct

             (1)  A participation payment is not payable to a person for the period mentioned in subsection (3) if the Secretary determines that:

                     (a)  the person is unemployed as a result (whether direct or indirect) of a voluntary act of the person; or

                     (b)  the person is unemployed as a result of the person’s misconduct as an employee.

Note:          The Secretary may continue the participation payment pending the outcome of an application for review (see sections 131 and 145 of the Administration Act).

             (2)  Despite paragraph (1)(a), the Secretary must not make a determination under that paragraph in relation to a person if:

                     (a)  the Secretary is satisfied that the voluntary act was reasonable; or

                     (b)  the person is someone to whom section 42SB applies.

          (2A)  Despite subsection (1), the Secretary must not make a determination under that subsection in relation to a person if:

                     (a)  the person is the principal carer of at least one child or has a partial capacity to work; and

                     (b)  the work in relation to which the person became unemployed was work of more than 15 hours per week.

Note 1:       For principal carer see subsections 5(15) to (24) of the 1991 Act.

Note 2:       For partial capacity to work see section 16B of the 1991 Act.

Period of non‑payment

             (3)  The participation payment is not payable to the person for the period (the unemployment non‑payment period) of:

                     (a)  8 weeks beginning on the initial day; or

                     (b)  12 weeks beginning on the initial day if, during the 6 months ending on the day immediately before the person becomes unemployed, relocation assistance, in relation to the employment to which the voluntary act or misconduct related, has been paid to or for the benefit of the person.

Note:          The Secretary may end an unemployment non‑payment period under subsection (4).

          (3A)  For the purposes of subsection (3), the initial day is:

                     (a)  the day that the person becomes unemployed as a result of the person’s voluntary act or misconduct; or

                     (b)  the first day of the first instalment period that begins after the day the Secretary makes the determination if:

                              (i)  the Secretary considers that first day is more appropriate than the day mentioned in paragraph (a); and

                             (ii)  the person is receiving a participation payment at the time of the voluntary act or misconduct.

Note:          For the day the Secretary makes the determination, see section 42Y.

Ending unemployment non‑payment periods

             (4)  The Secretary may end a person’s unemployment non‑payment period if:

                     (a)  the Secretary determines that serving the unemployment non‑payment period would cause the person to be in severe financial hardship; and

                     (b)  the person is in a class of persons specified by legislative instrument under subsection (5).

Note:          For in severe financial hardship see subsection 14A(7) of the 1991 Act.

             (5)  For the purposes of subsection (4), the Secretary may, by legislative instrument, specify a class of persons.

Subdivision EAImmediate non‑payment of participation payments for certain failures

42SA  Immediate non‑payment of participation payments for certain failures

             (1)  The Secretary may determine that a participation payment is not payable to a person if:

                     (a)  the person fails to participate, on a day, in an activity that the person is required to undertake by an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person; or

                     (b)  the person fails to attend an appointment that the person is required to attend by an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person; or

                   (ba)  the person fails to attend an appointment that the person is required to attend by a notice under subsection 63(2); or

                     (c)  the person fails to comply with a reconnection requirement or a further reconnection requirement.

Note:          If paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (ba) applies, a reconnection requirement must be imposed for that failure (see section 42G).

          (1A)  Despite subsection (1), the Secretary must not make a determination under that subsection that a participation payment is not payable to a person if the person is someone to whom section 42SB applies.

             (2)  The participation payment is not payable to the person for the period beginning on the day the person first commits the failure and ending at the end of:

                     (a)  for a failure referred to in paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (ba):

                              (i)  if the person complies with the reconnection requirement imposed on the person under paragraph 42G(e) because of that failure—the day before the day on which the person so complies; or

                             (ii)  if the person fails to comply with the reconnection requirement imposed on the person under paragraph 42G(e) because of that failure—the day before the day on which the person first commits the failure to comply with that reconnection requirement; or

                    (aa)  for a failure referred to in paragraph (1)(c)—the day before the day on which the person complies with a reconnection requirement or further reconnection requirement; or

                     (b)  if the Secretary determines that an earlier day is more appropriate than the day that would otherwise apply under paragraph (a) or (aa)—that earlier day.

       (2AA)  If:

                     (a)  a participation payment is not payable to a person for a period (the non‑payability period) under subsection (2) because of the person’s failure to attend an appointment with the person’s employment provider; and

                     (b)  on a day (the relevant day), the Secretary requires the person to attend a rescheduled appointment with the person’s employment provider; and

                     (c)  the rescheduled appointment is on a day that is more than 2 business days after the relevant day;

then, despite subsection (2), the non‑payability period is taken to end under that subsection at the end of the relevant day.

Note 1:       The requirement to attend the rescheduled appointment will be a reconnection requirement or further reconnection requirement.

Note 2:       For business day, see section 2B of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

          (2A)  If:

                     (a)  a participation payment is not payable to a person for a period under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the participation payment is payable to the person for any days occurring before that period begins;

then, despite any other provision of the social security law, the Secretary may withhold payment of the participation payment to the person for those days until that period ends.

             (3)  If a period ends under subsection (2) in relation to a person, then, subject to the social security law, the participation payment becomes payable to the person for that period.

Note:          For a failure referred to in paragraph (1)(b) or (ba), a penalty amount may be deducted from the person’s participation payment: see Subdivision EC.

             (4)  The Secretary must notify the person of a determination under subsection (1). The Secretary may do so in any way that the Secretary considers appropriate.

Subdivision EBFailures by certain recipients of parenting payments

42SB  Suspension of payments for certain failures

             (1)  This section applies in relation to a person who:

                     (a)  is receiving a participation payment that is a parenting payment; and

                     (b)  is someone to whom paragraph 500(1)(ca) of the 1991 Act applies.

             (2)  The Secretary may determine that the parenting payment is not payable to the person if:

                     (a)  the person fails to comply with a requirement that was notified to the person under subsection 63(2) or (4); or

                     (b)  the person fails to comply with a requirement under section 40A to enter into an employment pathway plan; or

                     (c)  the person fails to participate, on a day, in an activity that the person is required to undertake by an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person; or

                     (d)  the person fails to attend an appointment that the person is required to attend by an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person.

             (3)  The parenting payment is not payable to the person for the period beginning on the day the person first commits the failure and ending at the end of:

                     (a)  the day before the day on which the person notifies the Secretary that the person intends to comply with the requirement; or

                     (b)  if the Secretary determines that an earlier day is more appropriate than the day that would otherwise apply under paragraph (a)—that earlier day.

             (4)  If a period ends under subsection (3) in relation to the person, then, subject to the social security law, the parenting payment becomes payable to the person for that period.

Subdivision ECNon‑attendance failures

42SC  Non‑attendance failures

             (1)  The Secretary may determine that a person commits a non‑attendance failure if the Secretary makes a determination under subsection 42SA(1) because of the person’s failure referred to in paragraph 42SA(1)(b) or (ba).

             (2)  Despite subsection (1), the Secretary must not determine that a person commits a non‑attendance failure if the person satisfies the Secretary that the person has a reasonable excuse for the person’s failure referred to in paragraph 42SA(1)(b) or (ba).

Note:          The Secretary must take certain matters into account for the purposes of subsection (2) and may be prohibited from taking other matters into account for those purposes (see section 42U). See also section 42UA (about prior notification of excuses).

Determining an instalment period

             (3)  The Secretary must include in a determination under this section the instalment period in which a penalty amount (see section 42T) for the non‑attendance failure is to be deducted from the person’s instalment of a participation payment.

42SD  Deduction of penalty amount

                   If the Secretary determines that a person commits a non‑attendance failure, the person’s penalty amount (see section 42T) for the non‑attendance failure is to be deducted from the person’s instalment of a participation payment for the instalment period determined under subsection 42SC(3).

Note:          The balance of the penalty amount is to be deducted from instalments of the participation payment for any later instalment periods, or from any instalments of any other participation payment paid to the person (see section 42V).

Subdivision FGeneral provisions

42T  Legislative instrument determining method for working out penalty amount

             (1)  The Minister must, by legislative instrument, determine a method for working out a person’s penalty amount for a no show no pay failure, a reconnection failure or a non‑attendance failure.

             (2)  The method determined for a no show no pay failure that a person commits on a day must not provide for a penalty amount for the person that is more than the following:

             (3)  The method determined for a reconnection failure that a person commits must not provide for a penalty amount in respect of a day in the reconnection failure period that is more than the following:

          (3A)  The method determined for a non‑attendance failure that a person commits must not provide for a penalty amount, in respect of a day in the non‑attendance failure penalty period, that is more than the following:

Note:          Any amount withheld under subsection 42SA(2A) for days in the instalment period remains an amount payable to the person for the instalment period.

          (3B)  For the purposes of subsection (3A), the non‑attendance failure penalty period is the period:

                     (a)  beginning on the day the person is notified by the Secretary of the determination under subsection 42SA(1); and

                     (b)  ending on the day the period under subsection 42SA(2) ends.

             (4)  In addition, the method determined for a no show no pay failure or a reconnection failure must relate to:

                     (a)  for a person’s no show no pay failure—the amount of the participation payment paid to the person on the day on which the person commits the no show no pay failure; or

                     (b)  for a person’s reconnection failure—the amount of the participation payment paid to the person during the reconnection failure period.

             (5)  The method determined by the Minister for working out a person’s penalty amount must not affect any rent assistance, pharmaceutical allowance or youth disability supplement payable to the person.

             (6)  The method determined may provide for a penalty amount that is nil.

             (7)  The legislative instrument may also deal with the amount of a penalty amount to be deducted from an instalment of a participation payment.

42U  Legislative instruments relating to reasonable excuse

Matters to be taken into account

             (1)  The Secretary must, by legislative instrument, determine matters that the Secretary must take into account in deciding whether a person has a reasonable excuse for committing:

                     (a)  a no show no pay failure (see paragraph 42C(4)(a)); or

                     (b)  a connection failure (see paragraph 42E(4)(a)); or

                     (c)  a reconnection failure (see paragraph 42H(3)(a)); or

                     (d)  a serious failure (see paragraph 42N(2)(a)); or

                     (e)  a non‑attendance failure (see subsection 42SC(2)).

             (2)  To avoid doubt, a determination under subsection (1) does not limit the matters that the Secretary may take into account in deciding whether the person has a reasonable excuse.

Matters not to be taken into account

             (3)  The Secretary may, by legislative instrument, determine matters that the Secretary must not take into account in deciding whether a person has a reasonable excuse for committing:

                     (a)  a no show no pay failure (see paragraph 42C(4)(a)); or

                     (b)  a connection failure (see paragraph 42E(4)(a)); or

                     (c)  a reconnection failure (see paragraph 42H(3)(a)); or

                     (d)  a serious failure (see paragraph 42N(2)(a)); or

                     (e)  a non‑attendance failure (see subsection 42SC(2)).

42UA  Prior notification of excuse

             (1)  This section applies in relation to the following failures of a person:

                     (a)  a failure to participate, on a day, in an activity that the person is required to undertake by an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person;

                     (b)  a failure to comply with a serious failure requirement imposed on the person, where the requirement was to undertake an activity on a day or to attend an appointment, or contact a person, at a particular time;

                     (c)  a failure to comply with a requirement notified to the person under subsection 63(2), where the requirement was to attend an office of the Department, to contact the Department or to attend a particular place for a particular purpose;

                     (d)  a failure to attend an appointment that the person is required to attend by an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person;

                     (e)  a failure to comply with a reconnection requirement or a further reconnection requirement, where the requirement was to undertake an activity on a day or to attend an appointment, or contact a person, at a particular time.

             (2)  For the purposes of subparagraph 42C(4)(a)(ii), paragraph 42E(4)(a) or 42H(3)(a) or subsection 42SC(2), in deciding whether the person has a reasonable excuse for the failure, the following table has effect:

 

Prior notification of excuse

 

For this failure:

An excuse cannot be a reasonable excuse unless:

1

A failure referred to in paragraph (1)(a) or (d)

(a) before the start of the activity on the day concerned or before the time of the appointment, the person notified the excuse to the person or body specified in the employment pathway plan as the person or body to whom prior notice should be given if the person is unable to undertake the activity or attend the appointment; or

(b) the Secretary is satisfied that there were circumstances in which it was not reasonable to expect the person to give the notification

2

A failure referred to in paragraph (1)(b) or (e)

(a) before the start of the activity on the day concerned or before the time of the appointment or contact, the person notified the excuse to the person or body notified by the Secretary as the person or body to whom prior notice should be given if the person is unable to undertake the activity, attend the appointment or make the contact; or

(b) the Secretary is satisfied that there were circumstances in which it was not reasonable to expect the person to give the notification

3

A failure referred to in paragraph (1)(c)

(a) before the end of the time specified under subsection 63(2), the person notified the excuse to the person or body notified by the Secretary as the person or body to whom prior notice should be given if the person is unable to attend the office, contact the Department or attend the place; or

(b) the Secretary is satisfied that there were circumstances in which it was not reasonable to expect the person to give the notification

Note:          Despite subsection (2), the Secretary may decide for other reasons that the excuse is not a reasonable excuse.

42V  Deduction from any participation payment

                   The balance of a person’s penalty amount for a no show no pay failure, a reconnection failure or a non‑attendance failure that is not reduced to nil under section 42D, 42L or 42SD is to be deducted from:

                     (a)  the instalments of the participation payment referred to in that section for any later instalment periods (until the balance is reduced to nil); and

                     (b)  if the balance is not reduced to nil under paragraph (a)—the instalments of any other participation payment paid to the person (until the balance is reduced to nil).

42W  Penalty amount not a debt

                   To avoid doubt, a penalty amount is not a debt owed to the Commonwealth under Part 5.2 of the 1991 Act.

42X  Payability

                   A participation payment remains payable even if it is reduced to nil as a result of deducting a penalty amount, or the balance of a penalty amount, for a no show no pay failure, a reconnection failure or a non‑attendance failure.

42Y  Day of determination

                   For the purposes of paragraph 42M(1)(a), 42P(2)(a), 42Q(2)(c) or 42S(3A)(b), the day the Secretary makes the determination is the day the Secretary originally makes the determination (even if another decision in relation to the determination is later made on review).

42YA  Relationship between Subdivisions of this Division

                   No Subdivision of this Division limits any other Subdivision of this Division.

42Z  Relationship with section 80

                   Nothing in this Division affects the power of the Secretary to cancel or suspend a participation payment under section 80 of this Act.

Division 4Payment of social security payment

43  Payment by instalments

Payment in arrears in relation to periods

             (1)  A social security periodic payment is to be paid:

                     (a)  in arrears; and

                     (b)  by instalments relating to such periods (not exceeding 14 days) as the Secretary determines.

Timing of payments of instalments

             (2)  Subject to sections 52 and 53, instalments of a social security periodic payment are to be paid at such times as the Secretary determines.

Total instalment relating to a period

             (3)  Subject to subsection (4), the amount that is to be paid to a person as an instalment of a social security periodic payment in relation to a period is the total of the amounts of the social security periodic payment (calculated by reference to the daily rate of payment applicable to each day) payable to the person for days in that period on which the social security periodic payment was payable to the person.

Weekly payments of a social security periodic payment

          (3A)  The Secretary may determine that a person is to be paid the total amount of the social security periodic payment relating to an instalment period of 14 days determined under subsection (1) in 2 payments (the part payments) if the person is a member of a class specified under subsection (3B).

          (3B)  The Minister may by legislative instrument specify a class of persons for the purposes of subsection (3A).

          (3C)  The first of the part payments:

                     (a)  is not to exceed the total of the amounts of the social security periodic payment (calculated by reference to the daily rate of payment applicable to each day, subject to subsections (4) and (5A)) payable to the person for days that:

                              (i)  are days on which the social security periodic payment was payable to the person; and

                             (ii)  are included in the first 7 days of the instalment period; and

                     (b)  is to be paid at a time determined by the Secretary that is after the first 7 days of the instalment period.

          (3D)  The other of the part payments:

                     (a)  is the excess of the amount that is to be paid to a person as the instalment of the social security periodic payment in relation to the instalment period (see subsection (3)) over the first of the part payments; and

                     (b)  is to be paid at a time determined by the Secretary that is after the end of the instalment period.

          (3E)  If the person is, or is to be, paid the total amount of the social security periodic payment relating to the instalment period in part payments, then it is taken for the purposes of the social security law that:

                     (a)  a single instalment of the social security periodic payment is, or is to be, paid in relation to the period; and

                     (b)  that instalment is, or is to be, paid when the last of the part payments is, or is to be, made; and

                     (c)  that instalment is equal to the total of the part payments.

Note:          The total of the part payments equals the amount worked out under subsection (3) (as affected by subsection (4), if relevant) as the amount to be paid to the person as the instalment of the social security periodic payment in relation to the instalment period.

           (3F)  However, the following provisions of this Act (about deductions from instalments) apply as if each of the part payments were a separate instalment:

                     (a)  section 61;

                     (b)  Division 5 of Part 3B;

                     (c)  subsection 238(2).

Minimum daily rate

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  either or both of the following amounts (the added amounts) are added to a person’s maximum basic rate for a particular day in working out the amount of an instalment of a social security payment:

                              (i)  an amount of pharmaceutical allowance;

                             (ii)  a pension supplement amount; and

                    (aa)  the social security payment:

                              (i)  is not a social security pension; or

                             (ii)  is a disability support pension to which subsection 1066A(1) or 1066B(1) of the 1991 Act applies; or

                            (iii)  if the person has not reached pension age on the day—is a pension PP (single); and

                     (b)  if an added amount is a pension supplement amount used by the Rate Calculator to produce an annual rate—the total of the added amounts is more than the person’s pension supplement basic amount; and

                     (c)  there is no election by the person under subsection 1061VA(1) of the 1991 Act in force on that day; and

                     (d)  apart from this subsection, the portion of the instalment corresponding to that day would be less than the person’s minimum daily rate, but more than a nil amount;

the amount of that portion of the instalment is to be increased to the person’s minimum daily rate.

             (5)  In subsection (4):

minimum daily rate, for a person, means:

                     (a)  if an amount of pharmaceutical allowance is an added amount:

                              (i)  if the Rate Calculator for the social security payment produces a fortnightly rate—1/14 of that amount; or

                             (ii)  if the Rate Calculator for the social security payment produces an annual rate—1/364 of that amount; or

                     (b)  if a pension supplement amount is the only added amount—1/364 of the person’s minimum pension supplement amount.

       (5AA)  If:

                     (a)  either or both of the following amounts (the added amounts) are added to a person’s maximum basic rate for a particular day in working out the amount of an instalment of a social security pension:

                              (i)  a pension supplement amount;

                             (ii)  energy supplement; and

                    (aa)  the social security pension:

                              (i)  is not a disability support pension to which subsection 1066A(1) or 1066B(1) of the 1991 Act applies; and

                             (ii)  if the person has not reached pension age on the day—is not a pension PP (single); and

                     (b)  if one of the added amounts is a pension supplement amount used by the Rate Calculator to produce an annual rate—the pension supplement amount is more than the person’s pension supplement basic amount; and

                     (c)  there is no election by the person under subsection 915A(1) or 1061VA(1) of the 1991 Act in force on that day; and

                     (d)  apart from this subsection, the portion of the instalment corresponding to that day would be less than the person’s minimum daily rate, but more than a nil amount;

the amount of that portion of the instalment is to be increased to the person’s minimum daily rate.

       (5AB)  For the purposes of subsection (5AA), a person’s minimum daily rate is 1/364 of the total of:

                     (a)  the person’s minimum pension supplement amount, if a pension supplement amount is an added amount; and

                     (b)  the person’s energy supplement, if energy supplement is an added amount.

No reduction of portion of quarterly pension supplement relating to a day

          (5A)  If:

                     (a)  an election by the person under subsection 1061VA(1) of the 1991 Act is in force on a particular day; and

                     (b)  apart from this subsection, the portion of the instalment of the person’s quarterly pension supplement that corresponds to that day would be reduced under subsection 1210(3) of the 1991 Act, but not reduced to a nil amount;

the amount of that portion of the instalment is not to be reduced under subsection 1210(3) of the 1991 Act.

No reduction of portion of quarterly energy supplement relating to a day

          (5B)  If:

                     (a)  quarterly energy supplement is payable to a person for a particular day; and

                     (b)  the social security payment to which the quarterly energy supplement relates:

                              (i)  is a social security pension; and

                             (ii)  is not a disability support pension to which subsection 1066A(1) or 1066B(1) of the 1991 Act applies; and

                            (iii)  if the person has not reached pension age on the day—is not a pension PP (single); and

                     (c)  apart from this subsection, the portion of the instalment of the person’s quarterly energy supplement that corresponds to that day would be reduced under subsection 1210(3A) of the 1991 Act; and

                     (d)  the reduction of the main rate mentioned in subparagraph 1210(3A)(b)(ii) would not be to a nil amount;

the amount of that portion of the instalment is not to be reduced under subsection 1210(3A) of the 1991 Act.

Instalment periods

             (6)  Each of the periods determined by the Secretary under subsection (1) is an instalment period in relation to the social security periodic payment.

44  Payment of instalments to person or nominee

             (1)  Subject to section 45, instalments of a person’s social security periodic payment are to be paid to that person.

             (2)  If, by virtue of a determination under subsection 46(2), a person’s special employment advance is to be paid by instalments, the instalments are to be paid to that person.

             (3)  This section has effect subject to Part 3A.

45  Payment of youth allowance—person under 18 and not independent

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), instalments of youth allowance of a person who is under 18 years of age and is not independent are to be paid on behalf of the person:

                     (a)  if the person has only one living parent—to that parent; or

                     (b)  if the person has more than one living parent—to the parent nominated in writing by the person to the Secretary.

             (2)  The Secretary may direct that the whole or a part of the instalments of youth allowance of a person referred to in subsection (1) is to be paid to the person.

             (3)  If the Secretary gives a direction under subsection (2), the instalments are to be paid in accordance with the direction.

             (4)  This section has effect subject to Part 3A.

46  Payment of special employment advance

             (1)  Unless the Secretary makes a determination under subsection (2), a person’s special employment advance is to be paid in accordance with section 47.

             (2)  If the Secretary considers that it is appropriate for a person’s special employment advance to be paid by instalments, the Secretary may determine that the person’s special employment advance is to be so paid.

46A  Payment of AGDRP

             (1)  Unless the Secretary makes a determination under subsection (2), a person’s AGDRP is to be paid in accordance with section 47.

             (2)  If the Secretary considers that it is appropriate for a person’s AGDRP to be paid by instalments, the Secretary may determine that the person’s AGDRP is to be so paid.

46B  Payment of AVTOP

             (1)  Unless the Secretary makes a determination under subsection (2), a person’s AVTOP is to be paid:

                     (a)  in accordance with section 47; and

                     (b)  on the date that is determined by the Secretary to be the earliest date on which it is reasonably practicable for the payment to be made to the person.

             (2)  If the Secretary considers that it is appropriate for a person’s AVTOP to be paid by instalments, the Secretary may determine that the person’s AVTOP is to be so paid.

47  Payment of lump sum benefits

             (1)  In this section:

lump sum benefit means:

                     (a)  an advance payment under section 864A or Part 2.22 of the 1991 Act; or

                    (aa)  AGDRP, except where the Secretary has made a determination under subsection 46A(2); or

                  (aaa)  AVTOP, except where the Secretary has made a determination under subsection 46B(2); or

                   (ab)  child disability assistance; or

                     (b)  crisis payment; or

                   (bb)  relocation scholarship payment; or

                     (d)  education entry payment; or

                      (f)  fares allowance; or

                     (g)  one‑off payment to the aged; or

                   (gd)  carer supplement; or

                    (ge)  one‑off energy assistance payment under Part 2.6 of the 1991 Act; or

                    (gf)  one‑off energy assistance payment under Part 2.6A of the 1991 Act; or

                    (gg)  first 2020 economic support payment under Division 1 of Part 2.6B of the 1991 Act; or

                   (gh)  second 2020 economic support payment under Division 2 of Part 2.6B of the 1991 Act; or

                    (gi)  additional economic support payment 2020 under Division 1 of Part 2.6C of the 1991 Act; or

                    (gj)  additional economic support payment 2021 under Division 2 of Part 2.6C of the 1991 Act; or

                   (gk)  2022 cost of living payment under Division 1 of Part 2.6D of the 1991 Act; or

                     (h)  one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related); or

                   (ha)  one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related); or

                   (hb)  2005 one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related); or

                   (hc)  2005 one‑off payment to carers (carer service pension related); or

                   (hd)  2005 one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related); or

                   (he)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related); or

                    (hf)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (wife pension related); or

                   (hg)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (partner service pension related); or

                   (hh)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (carer service pension related); or

                    (hi)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related); or

                    (hj)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related); or

                   (hk)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (wife pension related); or

                    (hl)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (partner service pension related); or

                  (hm)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (carer service pension related); or

                   (hn)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related); or

                   (ho)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related); or

                   (hp)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (wife pension related); or

                   (hq)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (partner service pension related); or

                    (hr)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (carer service pension related); or

                    (hs)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related); or

                    (ht)  economic security strategy payment; or

                   (hu)  training and learning bonus; or

                   (hv)  activity supplement; or

                  (hw)  farm financial assessment supplement; or

                   (hx)  FHA supplement; or

                   (hy)  relief payment; or

                      (i)  pension bonus; or

                    (ia)  pension bonus bereavement payment; or

                      (j)  special employment advance, except where the Secretary has made a determination under subsection 46(2); or

                     (k)  clean energy advance; or

                      (l)  essential medical equipment payment.

             (2)  If a claim for crisis payment is granted because of subsection 37(7), the Secretary may pay an amount equal to the amount of the crisis payment to the claimant before the claimant is released from gaol or psychiatric confinement if the Secretary thinks it is necessary to do so in order to ensure that the claimant, on release, will not suffer severe financial hardship.

             (3)  If an amount is paid to a person under subsection (2), the amount is taken, after the person’s release from gaol or psychiatric confinement, to be a payment of crisis payment made in relation to the claim referred to in subsection (2).

             (4)  Subject to subsections 47C(3) and (4), section 47DA and Part 3A, a person’s lump sum benefit is to be paid to the person.

47A  Payment of one‑off payment to the aged

                   One‑off payment to the aged is to be paid to a person on the date that is determined by the Secretary to be the earliest date on which it is reasonably practicable for the payment to be made to the person.

47AB  Payment of carer supplement

                   If an individual is qualified for carer supplement for a year, the Secretary must pay the supplement to the individual:

                     (a)  on the date or dates that the Secretary considers to be the earliest date or dates on which it is reasonably practicable for the payment to be made; and

                     (b)  in such manner as the Secretary considers appropriate.

47AC  Payment of one‑off energy assistance payment

                   If a person is qualified for a one‑off energy assistance payment under Part 2.6 of the 1991 Act, the Secretary must pay the payment to the person in a single lump sum:

                     (a)  on the date that the Secretary considers to be the earliest date on which it is reasonably practicable for the payment to be made; and

                     (b)  in such manner as the Secretary considers appropriate.

47AD  Payment of 2019 one‑off energy assistance payment

                   If a person is qualified for a one‑off energy assistance payment under Part 2.6A of the 1991 Act, the Secretary must pay the payment to the person in a single lump sum:

                     (a)  on the date that the Secretary considers to be the earliest date on which it is reasonably practicable for the payment to be made; and

                     (b)  in such manner as the Secretary considers appropriate.

47AE  Payment of first 2020 economic support payment

             (1)  If a person is qualified for a first 2020 economic support payment under Division 1 of Part 2.6B of the 1991 Act, the Secretary must, subject to subsection (2), pay the payment to the person in a single lump sum:

                     (a)  on the date that the Secretary considers to be the earliest date on which it is reasonably practicable for the payment to be paid; and

                     (b)  in such manner as the Secretary considers appropriate.

             (2)  The Secretary must not pay the payment on or after 1 July 2022.

47AF  Payment of second 2020 economic support payment

             (1)  If a person is qualified for a second 2020 economic support payment under Division 2 of Part 2.6B of the 1991 Act, the Secretary must, subject to subsection (2), pay the payment to the person in a single lump sum:

                     (a)  on the date, occurring on or after 10 July 2020, that the Secretary considers to be the earliest date on which it is reasonably practicable for the payment to be paid; and

                     (b)  in such manner as the Secretary considers appropriate.

             (2)  The Secretary must not pay the payment on or after 1 July 2023.

47AG  Payment of additional economic support payment 2020

             (1)  If a person is qualified for an additional economic support payment 2020 under Division 1 of Part 2.6C of the 1991 Act, the Secretary must, subject to subsection (2), pay the payment to the person in a single lump sum:

                     (a)  on the date, occurring on or after 27 November 2020, that the Secretary considers to be the earliest date on which it is reasonably practicable for the payment to be paid; and

                     (b)  in such manner as the Secretary considers appropriate.

             (2)  The Secretary must not pay the payment on or after 1 July 2023.

47AH  Payment of additional economic support payment 2021

             (1)  If a person is qualified for an additional economic support payment 2021 under Division 2 of Part 2.6C of the 1991 Act, the Secretary must, subject to subsection (2), pay the payment to the person in a single lump sum:

                     (a)  on the date, occurring on or after 26 February 2021, that the Secretary considers to be the earliest date on which it is reasonably practicable for the payment to be paid; and

                     (b)  in such manner as the Secretary considers appropriate.

             (2)  The Secretary must not pay the payment on or after 1 July 2023.

47AI  Payment of 2022 cost of living payment

             (1)  If a person is qualified for a 2022 cost of living payment under Division 1 of Part 2.6D of the 1991 Act, the Secretary must, subject to subsection (2), pay the payment to the person in a single lump sum:

                     (a)  on the date, occurring on or after 29 March 2022, that the Secretary considers to be the earliest date on which it is reasonably practicable for the payment to be paid; and

                     (b)  in such manner as the Secretary considers appropriate.

             (2)  The Secretary must not pay the payment on or after 1 July 2023.

47B  Payment of one‑off payments to carers

             (1)  If an individual is qualified for one of the payments mentioned in subsection (2), the Secretary must pay the payment to the individual in a single lump sum:

                     (a)  on the date that the Secretary considers to be the earliest date on which it is reasonably practicable for the payment to be made; and

                     (b)  in such manner as the Secretary considers appropriate.

             (2)  The payments are the following:

                     (a)  one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related);

                     (b)  one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related);

                     (c)  2005 one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related);

                     (d)  2005 one‑off payment to carers (carer service pension related);

                     (e)  2005 one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related);

                      (f)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related);

                     (g)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (wife pension related);

                     (h)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (partner service pension related);

                      (i)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (carer service pension related);

                      (j)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related);

                     (k)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related);

                      (l)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (wife pension related);

                    (m)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (partner service pension related);

                     (n)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (carer service pension related);

                     (o)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related);

                     (p)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related);

                     (q)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (wife pension related);

                      (r)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (partner service pension related);

                      (s)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (carer service pension related);

                      (t)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related).

47C  Payment of economic security strategy payments and training and learning bonuses

             (1)  If an individual is qualified for an economic security strategy payment, the Secretary must pay the payment to the individual in a single lump sum:

                     (a)  on 8 December 2008, or on such later date that the Secretary considers to be the earliest date on which it is reasonably practicable for the payment to be made; and

                     (b)  in such manner as the Secretary considers appropriate.

             (2)  If an individual is qualified for a training and learning bonus, the Secretary must pay the bonus in a single lump sum:

                     (a)  to the individual; and

                     (b)  on the date that the Secretary considers to be the earliest date on which it is reasonably practicable for the payment to be made; and

                     (c)  in such manner as the Secretary considers appropriate.

             (3)  Despite paragraph (2)(a) of this section, if:

                     (a)  the individual is qualified for a training and learning bonus under paragraph 910(2)(a) of the 1991 Act because the individual was receiving youth allowance in respect of 3 February 2009; and

                     (b)  the whole or a part of the individual’s instalment of youth allowance in respect of a period that included that day was paid to a parent of the individual under section 45 of this Act;

the Secretary may pay the whole, or the same proportion, of the individual’s training and learning bonus to that parent or to any other person.

             (4)  Despite paragraph (2)(a) of this section, if:

                     (a)  the individual is qualified for a training and learning bonus:

                              (i)  under paragraph 910(2)(e) of the 1991 Act because the individual was receiving a payment under the ABSTUDY Scheme in respect of 3 February 2009; or

                             (ii)  under paragraph 910(2)(f) or (g) of the 1991 Act because the individual was receiving an education allowance referred to in that paragraph in respect of that day; and

                     (b)  the whole or a part of the individual’s instalment of the payment or allowance in respect of a period that included that day was paid to a person (the recipient) other than the individual;

the Secretary may pay the whole, or the same proportion, of the individual’s training and learning bonus to the recipient or to any other person.

47CA  Payment of activity supplement or farm financial assessment supplement

                   The following payments are to be paid to a person on the date the Secretary considers to be the earliest date on which it is reasonably practicable for the payment to be made to the person:

                     (a)  activity supplement;

                     (b)  farm financial assessment supplement.

47CB  Payment of FHA supplement or relief payment

                   If a person is qualified for FHA supplement for a qualifying period (within the meaning of the Farm Household Support Act 2014), or relief payment, the Secretary must pay the supplement or payment to the person:

                     (a)  on the day the Secretary determines; and

                     (b)  in such manner as the Secretary considers appropriate.

47D  Payment of clean energy advance

             (1)  If an individual is qualified for a clean energy advance, the Secretary must pay the advance to the individual in a single lump sum:

                     (a)  on the day that the Secretary considers to be the earliest day on which it is reasonably practicable for the advance to be made; and

                     (b)  in such manner as the Secretary considers appropriate.

Note:          This section applies to a qualification under Subdivision A or C of Division 1 of Part 2.18A of the 1991 Act.

             (2)  However, the Secretary must not pay the advance if the Secretary is aware that the individual has died.

47DAA  Payment of essential medical equipment payment

                   If an individual is qualified for an essential medical equipment payment, the Secretary must pay the payment to the individual in a single lump sum in such manner as the Secretary considers appropriate.

47DA  Relocation scholarship payments

                   If:

                     (a)  a person is qualified for a relocation scholarship payment on a particular day because the person is receiving youth allowance; and

                     (b)  the whole or a part of the person’s instalment of youth allowance in respect of a period that included that day is paid to a parent of the person under section 45 of this Act;

the Secretary may pay the whole, or the same proportion, of the person’s scholarship payment to that parent or to any other person.

47DB  Student start‑up loans

             (1)  If a person is qualified for a student start‑up loan for a qualification period:

                     (a)  the loan becomes payable to the person on the day the Secretary determines the person’s claim for the loan; and

                     (b)  the Secretary must pay the amount of the loan to the person as soon as reasonably practicable after that day.

             (2)  Despite subsection (1), if:

                     (a)  a person is qualified for a student start‑up loan for a qualification period because the person is receiving youth allowance; and

                     (b)  the whole or a part of the person’s instalment of youth allowance is paid to a parent of the person, under section 45 of this Act, in respect of a period that includes the day the Secretary determines the person’s claim for the loan;

the Secretary may pay the whole, or the same proportion, of the person’s loan to that parent or to any other person.

48  Payment of telephone allowance

             (1)  Telephone allowance is to be paid by instalments.

             (2)  An instalment of telephone allowance is to be paid to a person on each telephone allowance payday on which telephone allowance is payable to the person.

             (3)  The amount of an instalment of telephone allowance is worked out by dividing the amount of the annual rate of telephone allowance by 4.

             (4)  In this section:

telephone allowance payday means the first day on which an instalment of a social security periodic payment would normally be paid to the person on or after any of the following:

                     (a)  1 January;

                     (b)  20 March;

                     (c)  1 July;

                     (d)  20 September.

48A  Payment of utilities allowance

             (1)  Utilities allowance is to be paid by instalments.

             (2)  If utilities allowance is payable to a person in relation to a utilities allowance test day, then an instalment of the allowance is to be paid to the person on the person’s first payday on or after that test day.

             (3)  The amount of an instalment of utilities allowance is worked out by dividing the amount of the annual rate of utilities allowance by 4.

             (4)  In this section:

utilities allowance test day means:

                     (a)  20 March; and

                     (b)  20 June; and

                     (c)  20 September; and

                     (d)  20 December.

48B  Payment of energy supplement

             (1)  Energy supplement under Part 2.25B of the 1991 Act is to be paid by instalments.

             (2)  An instalment of energy supplement is to be paid to a person as soon as is reasonably practicable after the end of an instalment period.

             (3)  The amount of the instalment is worked out by:

                     (a)  working out the amount of the person’s energy supplement for each day in the instalment period; and

                     (b)  adding up the amounts resulting from paragraph (a).

             (4)  In this section:

instalment period means a period:

                     (a)  in relation to each day of which energy supplement is payable to the person; and

Note:       For when energy supplement is payable to the person, see section 1061UA of the 1991 Act.

                     (b)  that either begins on any 20 March, 20 June, 20 September or 20 December or does not include any such day; and

                     (c)  that either ends on any 19 March, 19 June, 19 September or 19 December or does not include any such day; and

                     (d)  that is not included in a longer instalment period.

48C  Payment of quarterly pension supplement

             (1)  Quarterly pension supplement is to be paid by instalments.

             (2)  An instalment of quarterly pension supplement is to be paid to a person as soon as is reasonably practicable after the end of an instalment period.

             (3)  The amount of the instalment is worked out by multiplying the person’s daily rate of quarterly pension supplement by the number of days in the instalment period.

             (4)  In this section:

instalment period means a period:

                     (a)  in relation to each day of which quarterly pension supplement is payable to the person; and

Note:       For when quarterly pension supplement is payable to the person, see section 1061VA of the 1991 Act.

                     (b)  that either begins on any 20 March, 20 June, 20 September or 20 December or does not include any such day; and

                     (c)  that either ends on any 19 March, 19 June, 19 September or 19 December or does not include any such day; and

                     (d)  that is not included in a longer instalment period.

48D  Payment of quarterly energy supplement

             (1)  Quarterly energy supplement is to be paid by instalments.

             (2)  An instalment of quarterly energy supplement is to be paid to a person as soon as is reasonably practicable after the end of an instalment period.

Note:          For when quarterly energy supplement is payable to the person, see section 915 of the 1991 Act.

             (3)  The amount of the instalment is worked out by:

                     (a)  working out the amount of the person’s quarterly energy supplement for each day in the instalment period; and

                     (b)  adding up the amounts resulting from paragraph (a).

             (4)  In this section:

instalment period means a period:

                     (a)  for each day of which quarterly energy supplement is payable to the person; and

Note:       For when quarterly energy supplement is payable to the person, see section 915 of the 1991 Act.

                     (b)  that either begins on any 20 March, 20 June, 20 September or 20 December or does not include any such day; and

                     (c)  that either ends on any 19 March, 19 June, 19 September or 19 December or does not include any such day; and

                     (d)  that is not included in a longer instalment period.

49  Timing of payment of fares allowance

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), fares allowance for a journey by a person is to be paid as a reimbursement after the journey is made.

             (2)  If the journey has not been made, the fares allowance for the journey is to be paid before the journey is made.

50  To whom fares allowance is to be paid

             (1)  Subject to subsection (4), if the person is or was receiving youth allowance at the time of the making of the journey, fares allowance is to be paid to the person to whom instalments of the youth allowance are or were being paid under section 44 or 45.

             (2)  Subject to subsection (4), if the person is or was receiving austudy payment at the time of the making of the journey, fares allowance is to be paid to the person to whom instalments of the austudy payment are or were being paid under section 44.

             (3)  Subject to subsection (4), if the person is or was receiving pensioner education supplement at the time of the making of the journey, fares allowance is to be paid to the person to whom instalments of the pensioner education supplement are or were being paid under section 44.

             (4)  If the fares allowance is to be paid as referred to in subsection 49(2), it is to be paid, on behalf of the person, to the commercial operator who provides the person’s means of travel.

             (5)  This section has effect subject to section 58.

50A  Payment of child disability assistance

                   If an individual is qualified for child disability assistance in respect of a particular 1 July, the Secretary must pay the assistance to the individual in a single lump sum:

                     (a)  on the date that the Secretary considers to be the earliest date on which it is reasonably practicable for the payment to be made; and

                     (b)  in such manner as the Secretary considers appropriate.

51  Advance in case of severe financial hardship

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the Secretary determines:

                              (i)  that a claim by a person who is in Australia for a social security benefit or pension is to be granted; or

                             (ii)  that a social security benefit or pension is payable to a person under section 85; and

                     (b)  the Secretary is satisfied that, if the person is required to wait until the end of:

                              (i)  the first instalment period in relation to the benefit or pension; or

                             (ii)  the first instalment period in relation to the benefit or pension after the resumption of payment of the benefit or pension;

                            for payment of an instalment, the person will suffer severe financial hardship;

the Secretary may determine that a specified amount is to be paid to the person in advance.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a claim for a social security pension or benefit is granted because of subsection 37(7); and

                     (b)  the Secretary makes a determination under subsection (1);

the amount payable by virtue of that determination may be paid before the claimant is released from gaol or psychiatric confinement if the Secretary thinks it is necessary to do so in order to ensure that the claimant, on release, will not suffer severe financial hardship.

             (3)  The operation of subsection (2) is not affected by section 1158, 1162 or 1162A of the 1991 Act.

             (4)  The amount paid under a determination under subsection (1) is not to exceed the amount that, in the opinion of the Secretary, would be the total of the amounts payable to the person for the first 14 days on which the benefit or pension is payable to the person.

             (5)  An amount paid to a person under subsection (1) is taken to be an advance payment of the instalment or instalments, or of that part of the instalment or instalments, that relate to the days referred to in subsection (4).

52  Payment of certain amounts outside Australia

             (1)  This section applies to the following social security payments:

                     (a)  age pension;

                     (c)  carer payment;

                     (d)  disability support pension;

                     (g)  pension PP (single) to which clause 105A of Schedule 1A to the 1991 Act applies;

                     (h)  pensioner education supplement;

                     (k)  special benefit.

             (2)  If a person who is receiving a social security payment to which this section applies is outside Australia, instalments of the payment are to be paid to the person at such times as the Secretary determines for the purposes of this section.

53  Payment of instalments where pension received under other legislation

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  an age pension or a disability support pension is payable to a person; and

                     (b)  the person is receiving a veteran’s disability pension; and

                     (c)  the Secretary has made a determination, for the purposes of this subsection, that instalments of age pension or disability support pension, as the case may be, are to be paid to the person on the days on which instalments of the veteran’s disability pension are paid to the person; and

                     (d)  the determination has not been revoked;

instalments of age pension or disability support pension are to be paid to the person in accordance with the determination.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  an age pension or a disability support pension is payable to a person; and

                     (b)  the person’s partner is receiving:

                              (i)  an age pension and a veteran’s disability pension; or

                             (ii)  a disability support pension and a veteran’s disability pension; and

                     (c)  the Secretary has made a determination, for the purposes of this subsection, that instalments of age pension or disability support pension, as the case may be, are to be paid to the person on the days on which instalments of the veteran’s disability pension are paid to the person’s partner; and

                     (d)  the determination has not been revoked;

instalments of age pension or disability support pension are to be paid to the person in accordance with the determination.

54  Rounding off instalments of social security payments

             (1)  In this section:

instalment means an instalment of a social security payment.

Note:          Subsection 43(3E) affects what is an instalment of a social security periodic payment if the Secretary has determined under subsection 43(3A) that a person is to be paid the total amount of a social security periodic payment relating to an instalment period in 2 payments.

             (2)  If the amount of an instalment would be:

                     (a)  one or more whole dollars and a part of a cent; or

                     (b)  one or more whole dollars and cents and a part of a cent;

the amount is to be increased or decreased to the nearest whole cent.

             (3)  If the amount of an instalment would be:

                     (a)  one or more whole dollars and 0.5 cent; or

                     (b)  one or more whole dollars and cents and 0.5 cent;

the amount is to be increased by 0.5 cent.

             (4)  If, apart from this subsection, the amount of an instalment would be less than $1.00, the amount is to be increased to $1.00.

55  Payment into bank account etc.

             (1)  Subject to Part 3A, an amount (the relevant amount) that is to be paid to a person under section 44, 45, 47, 47DA, 47DB, 48, 48A, 48B, 48C, 48D or 50 is to be paid in the manner set out in this section.

             (2)  Subject to subsections (4) and (4A), the relevant amount is to be paid to the credit of a bank account nominated and maintained by the person.

             (3)  The account may be an account that is maintained by the person either alone or jointly or in common with another person.

             (4)  The Secretary may direct that the whole or a part of the relevant amount be paid to the person in a different way from that provided for by subsection (2). If the Secretary gives a direction, the relevant amount is to be paid in accordance with the direction.

          (4A)  Fares allowance is to be paid to a person as follows:

                     (a)  fares allowance is to be paid to the credit of the bank account to the credit of which payments of youth allowance, austudy payment or pensioner education supplement payable to the person are or were made;

                     (b)  if, because of a direction under subsection (4), youth allowance, austudy payment or pensioner education supplement is not paid to the credit of a bank account, fares allowance is to be paid in the same way as the youth allowance, austudy payment or pensioner education supplement, as the case may be.

             (5)  If, at the end of the period of 28 days starting on the day on which the Secretary requested the person to nominate an account for the purposes of subsection (2) (the 28 day period):

                     (a)  the person has not nominated an account for the purposes of subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the Secretary has not given, or has revoked, a direction under subsection (4) in relation to the payment of the relevant amount to the person;

the relevant amount ceases to be payable to the person.

             (6)  If the person nominates an account for the purposes of subsection (2) after the end of the 28 day period, the relevant amount again becomes payable to the person and is so payable:

                     (a)  if the nomination is made within 13 weeks after the end of the 28 day period—on and from the first day after the end of that period; or

                     (b)  if the nomination is not so made—on and from the day on which the nomination is made.

             (7)  Subsection (6) does not apply at a time when, because of the operation of another provision of the social security law, the relevant amount is not payable to the person.

56  Youth allowance—failure to nominate parent

             (1)  This section applies to a person if:

                     (a)  the person is under 18 years of age and is not independent; and

                     (b)  youth allowance has become payable to the person; and

                     (c)  the person has more than one living parent; and

                     (d)  at the end of the period of 28 days starting on the day on which youth allowance became payable to the person:

                              (i)  the person has not nominated a parent for the purposes of subsection 45(1); and

                             (ii)  the Secretary has not given a direction under subsection 45(2) in relation to payment of instalments of the person’s youth allowance.

             (2)  Youth allowance is not payable to a person while this section applies to the person.

             (3)  If a person to whom this section applies nominates a parent for the purposes of subsection 45(1), this section ceases to apply to the person.

57  Change of particular payday

                   If the Secretary is satisfied that an amount that would, apart from this section, be paid on a particular day cannot reasonably be paid on that day, the Secretary may direct that the amount be paid on an earlier day.

58  Payment of social security payment after death

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  an amount representing a social security payment (other than pension bonus, pension bonus bereavement payment or a student start‑up loan) is payable to a person; and

                     (b)  the person dies; and

                     (c)  another person applies to receive the amount; and

                     (d)  the application is made:

                              (i)  within 26 weeks after the death; or

                             (ii)  within such further period as is allowed by the Secretary in the special circumstances of the case;

the Secretary may pay the amount to the person who, in the Secretary’s opinion, is best entitled to it.

             (2)  If the Secretary pays an amount of a social security payment under subsection (1), the Commonwealth has no further liability to any person in respect of that amount.

59  Payment of pension bonus or pension bonus bereavement payment after death

             (1)  This section sets out the only circumstances in which a pension bonus or a pension bonus bereavement payment will be payable after the death of the person concerned.

          (1A)  If:

                     (a)  a person claims a pension bonus; and

                     (b)  the person dies; and

                     (c)  at the time of the person’s death, the person had received the bonus; and

                     (d)  after the person’s death, the Secretary determines that the person’s bonus is to be increased under section 93K or 93L;

the increase is payable to the legal personal representative of the person.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person claims a pension bonus or a pension bonus bereavement payment; and

                     (b)  the person dies; and

                     (c)  at the time of the person’s death, the claim had been granted, but the person had not received the bonus or payment;

the bonus or payment is payable to the legal personal representative of the person.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a person claims a pension bonus or a pension bonus bereavement payment; and

                     (b)  the person dies; and

                     (c)  at the time of the person’s death, the claim had not been determined;

then:

                     (d)  the Secretary must determine the claim after the person’s death as if the person had not died; and

                     (e)  if the claim is granted—the bonus or payment is payable to the legal personal representative of the person.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  under paragraph (3)(d), the Secretary is required to determine a claim for pension bonus after a person’s death; and

                     (b)  at the time of the person’s death, the person’s claim for age pension had not been determined;

then, for the purposes of the determination of the claim for pension bonus, the following provisions have effect:

                     (c)  the requirements of paragraph 92C(a) of the 1991 Act are taken to be satisfied if:

                              (i)  the person would have started to receive an age pension if he or she had not died; and

                             (ii)  that age pension would have been received otherwise than because of a scheduled international social security agreement;

                     (d)  Division 6 of Part 2.2A of the 1991 Act has effect as if:

                              (i)  a reference in that Division to a particular rate were a reference to the rate that would have been applicable to the person if the person had not died; and

                             (ii)  a reference in that Division to the date of grant of the age pension were a reference to the date on which the age pension would have been granted if the person had not died;

                     (e)  this Act has effect as if subsections 17(2) and 34(2) were omitted.

          (4A)  If a pension bonus is payable to the legal personal representative of a person under subsection (2) or (3), any increase in that bonus determined by the Secretary under section 93K or 93L is also payable to that legal personal representative.

             (5)  If a pension bonus or pension bonus bereavement payment is paid under subsection (2) or (3), the Commonwealth has no further liability to any person in respect of that bonus or payment.

Division 5Protection of social security payments

60  Protection of social security payment

             (1)  A social security payment is absolutely inalienable, whether by way of, or in consequence of, sale, assignment, charge, execution, bankruptcy or otherwise.

             (2)  This section has effect subject to:

                     (a)  sections 61 and 238 of this Act; and

                    (aa)  Parts 3B and 3D of this Act; and

                     (b)  sections 1231 and 1234A of the 1991 Act.

61  Deduction at request of recipient—payments to Commissioner of Taxation

             (1)  This section applies if a person asks the Secretary:

                     (a)  to make deductions from instalments of a social security payment payable to the person; and

                     (b)  to pay the amounts deducted to the Commissioner of Taxation.

             (2)  The Secretary may make the deductions requested by the person, and if the Secretary does so, the Secretary must pay the amounts deducted to the Commissioner of Taxation.

61A  Deduction at request of recipient—other payments

             (1)  This section applies if a person asks the Secretary:

                     (a)  to make deductions from instalments of a social security payment payable to the person; and

                     (b)  to pay the amounts deducted to a business or organisation nominated by the person.

             (2)  The Secretary may make the deductions requested by the person, and if the Secretary does so, the Secretary must pay the amounts deducted to the business or organisation nominated by the person.

62  Effect of garnishee or attachment order

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person has an account with a financial institution; and

                     (b)  either or both of the following subparagraphs apply:

                              (i)  instalments of a social security payment payable to the person (whether on the person’s own behalf or not) are being paid to the credit of the account;

                             (ii)  an advance payment of a social security payment payable to the person (whether on the person’s own behalf or not) has been paid to the credit of the account; and

                     (c)  a court order in the nature of a garnishee order comes into force in respect of the account;

the court order does not apply to the saved amount (if any) in the account.

             (2)  The saved amount is worked out as follows:

Method statement

Step 1.   Work out the total amount payable to the person in respect of the social security payment that has been paid to the credit of the account during the 4 week period immediately before the court order came into force.

Step 2.   Subtract from that amount the total amount withdrawn from the account during the same 4 week period: the result is the saved amount.

             (3)  This section applies to an account whether it is maintained by a person:

                     (a)  alone; or

                     (b)  jointly with another person; or

                     (c)  in common with another person.

Division 6Requirement to provide information, undergo medical examination etc.

Subdivision AGeneral

63  Requirement to attend Department etc.

Secretary may require person to attend Department etc.

             (1)  Subsection (2) applies to a person if:

                     (a)  the person is receiving, or has made a claim for, a social security payment; or

                     (b)  the person is the holder of, or has made a claim for, a concession card; or

                     (c)  the Department is contacted by or on behalf of the person in relation to a claim for:

                              (i)  if the person is not undertaking full‑time study and is not a new apprentice—youth allowance; or

                             (ii)  in any case—jobseeker payment;

                            to be paid to the person.

             (2)  If the Secretary is of the opinion that a person to whom this subsection applies should:

                     (a)  attend an office of the Department; or

                     (b)  contact the Department; or

                     (c)  attend a particular place for a particular purpose; or

                     (d)  give information to the Secretary;

the Secretary may notify the person that he or she is required, within a specified time, to do that act or thing. However, the Secretary may not, under this subsection, notify a person that he or she is required to do an act or thing referred to in paragraph (4)(a) or (b).

Secretary may require person to provide proof of life certificate etc.

       (2AA)  Subsections (2AB) and (2AC) apply to a person if:

                     (a)  the person has reached 80 years of age; and

                     (b)  the person is receiving any of the following social security payments:

                              (i)  age pension;

                             (ii)  carer payment;

                            (iii)  disability support pension; and

                     (c)  the person was continuously absent from Australia throughout the previous 2 years.

       (2AB)  The Secretary may notify a person to whom this subsection applies that:

                     (a)  the person is required, within the 13‑week period beginning when the notice is given, to give the Secretary a proof of life certificate that:

                              (i)  relates to the person; and

                             (ii)  was completed within that 13‑week period; and

                     (b)  the requirement does not apply if the person enters Australia within that 13‑week period.

       (2AC)  If this subsection applies to a person, the Secretary must notify the person under subsection (2AB) at least once every 2 years.

Secretary may require person to undergo medical examination etc.

             (3)  Subsection (4) applies to a person if:

                     (a)  the person is receiving, or has claimed, any of the following social security payments:

                              (i)  disability support pension;

                             (ii)  parenting payment;

                            (iii)  youth allowance;

                            (iv)  jobseeker payment;

                            (vi)  special benefit;

                           (vii)  mobility allowance; or

                     (b)  the Department is contacted by or on behalf of the person in relation to a claim for youth allowance or jobseeker payment to be paid to the person.

             (4)  If the Secretary is of the opinion that a person to whom this subsection applies should:

                     (a)  complete a questionnaire; or

                     (b)  undergo a medical, psychiatric or psychological examination (whether or not at a particular place), and provide to the Secretary the report, in the approved form, of the person who conducts the examination;

the Secretary may notify the person that he or she is required, within a specified time, to do that act or thing.

Method for giving notice

             (5)  The Secretary may notify a person under subsection (2), (2AB) or (4):

                     (a)  by sending the notice by prepaid post addressed to the person at his or her postal address last known to the Secretary; or

                     (b)  in any other way the Secretary considers appropriate.

Validity of notice not affected in certain circumstances

             (6)  A failure to specify the particular purpose in a notice given to a person for the purposes of paragraph (2)(c) does not affect the validity of the notice.

Consequence of not informing person of effect of failure to comply with requirement in notice

             (7)  If a person is notified under subsection (2), (2AB) or (4) and the notice does not inform the person of the effect of section 64, subsection 64(1) or (5) (as the case requires) does not apply to the person in relation to the requirement in the notice.

63A  Proof of life certificate

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a proof of life certificate that relates to a person is a certificate that:

                     (a)  is expressed to relate to the person; and

                     (b)  complies with the requirements of subsections (2), (3), (4), (5) and (6); and

                     (c)  is in a form approved by the Secretary; and

                     (d)  contains such other information (if any) as required by the approved form.

             (2)  A proof of life certificate that relates to a person must include a statement to the effect that the person is alive.

             (3)  The statement mentioned in subsection (2) must be:

                     (a)  signed and dated by the person; or

                     (b)  if:

                              (i)  the approved form allows another person to sign the statement on behalf of the person if one or more specified requirements are met; and

                             (ii)  those requirements are met;

                            signed and dated by the other person.

             (4)  A proof of life certificate that relates to a person must include a statement by an authorised certifier to the effect that:

                     (a)  the authorised certifier has sighted the person while in the physical presence of the person; and

                     (b)  the authorised certifier has verified the identity of the person using the method, or one of the methods, set out in the approved form; and

                     (c)  the authorised certifier is satisfied that the person is alive.

             (5)  The statement mentioned in subsection (4) must be signed and dated by the authorised certifier.

             (6)  Both:

                     (a)  the statement mentioned in subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the statement mentioned in subsection (4);

must be signed and dated within a 7‑day period.

Compliance with form

             (7)  Section 25C of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 does not apply to a proof of life certificate.

Authorised certifier

             (8)  For the purposes of this section, an authorised certifier is a person included in a class of persons specified in a determination under subsection (9).

             (9)  The Secretary may, by legislative instrument, determine one or more classes of persons for the purposes of subsection (8).

           (10)  To avoid doubt, it is immaterial whether any or all of the persons included in such a class are in or outside Australia.

64  Effect of failing to comply with requirement to attend Department etc.

Person receiving, or claiming, social security payment

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person is receiving, or has made a claim for, a social security payment; and

                     (b)  the Secretary notifies the person under subsection 63(2), (2AB) or (4); and

                     (c)  the requirement in the notice is reasonable; and

                     (d)  the person does not comply with the requirement; and

                     (e)  except if the person is receiving, or has made a claim for, a participation payment—the Secretary is not satisfied that the person had a reasonable excuse for not complying with the requirement; and

                      (f)  the Secretary is satisfied that it is reasonable for this subsection to apply to the person;

the payment that the person is receiving or has claimed is not payable.

          (1A)  Subsection (1) does not apply if:

                     (a)  the person is receiving a participation payment; and

                     (b)  the person fails to attend an appointment that the person is required to attend by a notice under subsection 63(2); and

                     (c)  the Secretary makes a determination under section 42AF or subsection 42SA(1) in relation to the person and the failure.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if:

                     (a)  the person is receiving, or has made a claim for, youth allowance; and

                     (b)  the notice included a statement to the effect that a failure to comply with the requirement in the notice could constitute a youth allowance participation failure.

Note:          If a recipient of, or claimant for, youth allowance does not comply with a requirement notified under subsection 63(2) or (4), this may result in the payment not being payable to the person: see sections 550B and 551 of the 1991 Act.

             (3)  Subsection (1) does not apply if:

                     (a)  the person is receiving, or has made a claim for, an austudy payment; and

                     (b)  the notice included a statement to the effect that a failure to comply with the requirement in the notice could constitute an austudy participation failure.

Note:          If a recipient of, or claimant for, an austudy payment does not comply with a requirement notified under subsection 63(2), this may result in the payment not being payable to the person: see sections 576A and 577 of the 1991 Act.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a social security payment is not payable to a person because of subsection (1); and

                     (b)  the Secretary is satisfied that it is no longer reasonable for that subsection to apply to the person in relation to the requirement in the notice given to the person under subsection 63(2), (2AB) or (4);

the Secretary may determine that, on and after a day specified by the Secretary, subsection (1) ceases to apply to the person in relation to that requirement.

Person holding, or claiming, concession card

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  a person is the holder of, or has made a claim for, a concession card; and

                     (b)  the Secretary notifies the person under subsection 63(2); and

                     (c)  the requirement in the notice is reasonable; and

                     (d)  the person does not comply with the requirement; and

                     (e)  the Secretary is not satisfied that the person had a reasonable excuse for not complying with the requirement; and

                      (f)  the Secretary is satisfied that it is reasonable for this subsection to apply to the person;

the person ceases to be, or is not, qualified for the concession card.

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  a person has ceased to be, or is not, qualified for a concession card because of subsection (5); and

                     (b)  the Secretary is satisfied that it is no longer reasonable for that subsection to apply to the person in relation to the requirement in the notice given to the person under subsection 63(2);

the Secretary may determine that, on and after a day specified by the Secretary, subsection (5) ceases to apply to the person in relation to that requirement.

66  Notice to obtain foreign payment

             (1)  This section applies to the following social security payments:

                     (a)  age pension;

                     (c)  carer payment:

                     (d)  disability support pension;

                     (e)  parenting payment;

                      (f)  special needs age pension;

                     (g)  special needs disability support pension;

                      (i)  special needs wife pension;

                    (m)  farm household allowance in relation to a person who has reached pension age.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person claims, or is receiving, a social security payment to which this section applies; and

                     (b)  the Secretary is satisfied that the person may be entitled to a comparable foreign payment from a foreign country if the person applied for the payment;

the Secretary may give the person a notice that requires the person to take reasonable action to obtain the payment at the highest rate applicable to the person.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a person claims, or is receiving, a social security payment to which this section applies; and

                     (b)  the Secretary is satisfied that the person’s partner may be entitled to a comparable foreign payment from a foreign country if the partner applied for the payment;

the Secretary may give the person a notice that requires the partner to take reasonable action to obtain the payment at the highest rate applicable to the partner.

             (4)  A notice under subsection (2) or (3):

                     (a)  must be given in writing; and

                     (b)  may be given personally or by post or in any manner approved by the Secretary; and

                     (c)  must specify the period within which the reasonable action is to be taken.

             (5)  The period specified under paragraph (4)(c) must not end earlier than 14 days after the day on which the notice is given.

Subdivision BRequirement to give information about change of circumstances etc.

66A  General requirement to inform of a change of circumstances etc.

Person who has made a claim

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person has made a claim for:

                              (i)  a social security payment; or

                             (ii)  a concession card; and

                     (b)  the claim has been granted or has not been determined; and

                     (c)  an event or change of circumstances occurs that might affect the payment of that social security payment or the person’s qualification for the concession card;

the person must, within 14 days after the day on which the event or change occurs, inform the Department of the occurrence of the event or change.

Person receiving a social security payment or holding a concession card

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  a social security payment (other than utilities allowance or energy supplement under Part 2.25B of the 1991 Act) is being paid to a person; or

                             (ii)  a person holds a concession card; and

                     (b)  an event or change of circumstances occurs that might affect the payment of that social security payment or the person’s qualification for the concession card;

the person must, within 14 days after the day on which the event or change occurs, inform the Department of the occurrence of the event or change.

Person who has received a social security payment or held a concession card

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  a person is not receiving a social security payment but a social security payment (other than utilities allowance or energy supplement under Part 2.25B of the 1991 Act) has at any time been paid to the person; or

                             (ii)  a person does not hold a concession card but has at any time held such a card; and

                     (b)  an event or change of circumstances occurs that might have affected the payment of that social security payment or the person’s qualification for the concession card;

the person must, within 14 days after the day on which the event or change occurs, inform the Department of the occurrence of the event or change.

Interaction with notices under this Subdivision

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a person is subject to a requirement under subsection (1), (2) or (3) in relation to an event or change of circumstances; and

                     (b)  the person is given, or purportedly given, a notice under this Subdivision in relation to the same event or change of circumstances; and

                     (c)  the person complies with the notice to the extent that it relates to that event or change;

the person is taken to have also complied with that requirement within the period referred to in that subsection.

             (5)  Subsection (4) does not apply if the notice is given after the end of the period referred to in subsection (1), (2) or (3).

             (6)  This section does not limit the power of the Secretary to give a person a notice under this Subdivision.

67  Person who has made a claim

             (1)  Subsection (2) applies to a person if:

                     (a)  the person has made a claim for a social security payment; and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  the claim has been granted; or

                             (ii)  the claim has not been determined.

             (2)  The Secretary may give a person to whom this subsection applies a notice in writing that requires the person to do any or all of the following:

                     (a)  inform the Department if:

                              (i)  a specified event or change of circumstances occurs; or

                             (ii)  the person becomes aware that a specified event or change of circumstances is likely to occur;

                     (b)  give the Department a statement about a matter that might affect the payment to the person of the social security payment;

                     (c)  give the Department a statement about a matter that might affect the operation, or prospective operation, of Part 3B in relation to the person.

             (3)  Subsection (4) applies to a person if:

                     (a)  the person has made a claim for a concession card; and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  the claim has been granted; or

                             (ii)  the claim has not been determined.

             (4)  The Secretary may give a person to whom this subsection applies a notice in writing that requires the person to do either or both of the following:

                     (a)  inform the Department if:

                              (i)  a specified event or change of circumstances occurs; or

                             (ii)  the person becomes aware that a specified event or change of circumstances is likely to occur;

                     (b)  give the Department a statement about a matter that might affect the person’s qualification for the concession card.

             (5)  An event or change of circumstances is not to be specified in a notice under this section unless the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances might:

                     (a)  affect the payment of the social security payment or the person’s qualification for the concession card, as the case requires; or

                     (b)  affect the operation, or prospective operation, of Part 3B in relation to the person.

68  Person receiving social security payment or holding concession card

             (1)  Subsection (2) applies to a person to whom a social security payment (other than utilities allowance or energy supplement under Part 2.25B of the 1991 Act) is being paid.

             (2)  The Secretary may give a person to whom this subsection applies a notice that requires the person to do any or all of the following:

                     (a)  inform the Department if:

                              (i)  a specified event or change of circumstances occurs; or

                             (ii)  the person becomes aware that a specified event or change of circumstances is likely to occur;

                     (b)  give the Department one or more statements about a matter that might affect the payment to the person of the social security payment;

                     (c)  give the Department one or more statements about a matter that might affect the operation, or prospective operation, of Part 3B in relation to the person.

             (3)  Subsection (4) applies to a person who is the holder of a concession card.

             (4)  The Secretary may give a person to whom this subsection applies a notice that requires the person to do either or both of the following:

                     (a)  inform the Department if:

                              (i)  a specified event or change of circumstances occurs; or

                             (ii)  the person becomes aware that a specified event or change of circumstances is likely to occur;

                     (b)  give the Department a statement about a matter that might affect the person’s qualification for the concession card.

             (5)  An event or change of circumstances is not to be specified in a notice under this section unless the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances might:

                     (a)  affect the payment of the social security payment or the person’s qualification for the concession card, as the case requires; or

                     (b)  affect the operation, or prospective operation, of Part 3B in relation to the person.

69  Person who has received a social security payment or who has held a concession card

             (1)  Subsection (2) applies to a person who is not receiving a social security payment but to whom a social security payment (other than utilities allowance or energy supplement under Part 2.25B of the 1991 Act) has at any time been paid.

             (2)  The Secretary may give a person to whom this subsection applies a notice that requires the person to do either or both of the following:

                     (a)  inform the Department whether a specified event or change of circumstances has occurred;

                     (b)  give the Department a statement about a matter that might have affected the payment to the person of the social security payment.

             (3)  Subsection (4) applies to a person who is not the holder of a concession card but has at any time held such a card.

             (4)  The Secretary may give a person to whom this subsection applies a notice that requires the person to do either or both of the following:

                     (a)  inform the Department whether a specified event or change of circumstances has occurred;

                     (b)  give the Department a statement about a matter that might have affected the person’s qualification for the concession card.

             (5)  An event or change of circumstances is not to be specified in a notice under this section unless the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances might have affected the payment of the social security payment or the person’s qualification for the concession card, as the case requires.

             (6)  A person is not required to comply with a notice under this section if the notice requires the person to give information or a statement about an event or change of circumstances that occurred, or a matter that arose, more than 13 weeks before the giving of the notice.

70  Care receiver in respect of whom carer payment being made

             (1)  If a person is being paid a carer payment because he or she is providing constant care (or, if section 197F of the 1991 Act applies to the person, care) for a care receiver (other than one to whom subsection 198(7) of the 1991 Act applies) or care receivers, the Secretary may give a notice to:

                     (a)  any care receiver who is 16 or more; or

                     (b)  a parent of any care receiver who is under 16;

that requires the care receiver or parent, as the case may be, to inform the Department if:

                     (c)  a specified event or change of circumstances occurs; or

                     (d)  he or she becomes aware that a specified event or change of circumstances is likely to occur.

             (2)  The notice may describe the event or change of circumstances specified in the notice as a notifiable event for the purposes of section 198C of the 1991 Act.

70A  Person who is subject to the income management regime etc.

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a person if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to the income management regime (within the meaning of Part 3B); or

                     (b)  the Secretary is satisfied that it is likely that the person will become subject to the income management regime (within the meaning of Part 3B).

Requirement

             (2)  The Secretary may give the person a notice that requires the person to do either or both of the following:

                     (a)  inform the Department if:

                              (i)  a specified event or change of circumstances occurs; or

                             (ii)  the person becomes aware that a specified event or change of circumstances is likely to occur;

                     (b)  give the Department one or more statements about a matter that might affect the operation, or prospective operation, of Part 3B in relation to the person.

             (3)  An event or change of circumstances is not to be specified in a notice under this section unless the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances might affect the operation, or prospective operation, of Part 3B in relation to the person.

70B  Person who is subject to cashless welfare arrangements etc.

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a person if:

                     (a)  the person is a program participant (within the meaning of Part 3D) for the purposes of cashless welfare arrangements; or

                     (b)  the person is a voluntary participant (within the meaning of that Part) for the purposes of cashless welfare arrangements.

Requirement

             (2)  The Secretary may give the person a notice that requires the person to do either or both of the following:

                     (a)  inform the Department if:

                              (i)  a specified event or change of circumstances occurs; or

                             (ii)  the person becomes aware that a specified event or change of circumstances is likely to occur;

                     (b)  give the Department one or more statements about a matter that might affect the operation, or prospective operation, of Part 3D in relation to the person.

             (3)  An event or change of circumstances is not to be specified in a notice under this section unless the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances might affect the operation, or prospective operation, of Part 3D in relation to the person.

72  Provisions relating to notice

             (1)  A notice under this Subdivision:

                     (a)  must be given in writing; and

                     (b)  may be given personally or by post or in any other manner approved by the Secretary; and

                     (c)  must specify how the person is to give the information or statement to the Department; and

                     (d)  must specify:

                              (i)  in the case of a notice under section 68 that requires the giving of more than one statement, each relating to the payment of the social security payment in respect of a period—the date by which the person is to give each statement to the Department; or

                             (ii)  in any other case—the period within which the person is to give the information or statement to the Department; and

                     (e)  must specify that the notice is an information notice given under the social security law.

             (2)  A notice under this Subdivision is not invalid merely because it fails to comply with paragraph (1)(c) or (e).

          (2A)  A date specified for the purposes of subparagraph (1)(d)(i) must be no earlier than 7 days after:

                              (i)  the day on which the notice under section 68 is given; or

                             (ii)  the day on which the period specified in the notice in relation to that first mentioned date begins;

whichever is the later.

             (3)  Subject to subsections (4), (6) and (7), the period specified for the purpose of subparagraph (1)(d)(ii) must:

                     (a)  in the case of a notice under section 67, 68 or 69 that requires the giving of information about an event or change of circumstances consisting of the receipt by the person of a compensation payment—be the period of 7 days after the day on which the person becomes aware that he or she has received, or is to receive, a compensation payment; or

                     (b)  in the case of a notice under section 67, 68 or 69 that requires the giving of any other information, or a notice under section 70—be the period of 14 days after:

                              (i)  the day on which the event or change of circumstances occurs; or

                             (ii)  the day on which the person becomes aware that the event or change of circumstances is likely to occur;

                            as the case may be; or

                     (c)  in the case of a notice under section 67 or 68 that requires the giving of a statement that relates to the payment of the social security payment in respect of a period specified in the notice—end not earlier than 7 days after the day on which the notice is given; or

                     (d)  in the case of a notice under section 67, 68 or 69 that requires the giving of a statement, not being a notice to which paragraph (c) applies—end not earlier than 14 days after the day on which the notice is given; or

                     (e)  in the case of a notice under section 70A that requires the giving of information mentioned in paragraph 70A(2)(a)—be the period of 14 days after:

                              (i)  the day on which the event or change of circumstances occurs; or

                             (ii)  the day on which the person becomes aware that the event or change of circumstances is likely to occur;

                            as the case may be; or

                      (f)  in the case of a notice under section 70A that requires the giving of a statement mentioned in paragraph 70A(2)(b)—end not earlier than 14 days after the day on which the notice is given.

             (4)  If the Secretary is satisfied that there are special circumstances related to a person who is to be given a notice under this Subdivision that requires the giving of information about an event or change of circumstances, the period to be specified for the purpose of subparagraph (1)(d)(ii) is such period as the Secretary directs in writing, being a period that ends not less than 15 days, and not more than 28 days, after:

                     (a)  in the case of a notice under section 67, 68 or 70A:

                              (i)  the day on which the event or change of circumstances occurs; or

                             (ii)  the day on which the person becomes aware that the event or change of circumstances is likely to occur; or

                     (b)  in the case of a notice under section 69—the day on which the notice is given.

             (6)  If a notice under section 67, 68 or 70A specifies an event consisting of the death of a person, the period to be specified under subparagraph (1)(d)(ii) is a period of 28 days after the day on which the event occurs.

             (7)  To the extent that a notice under section 67, 68 or 70A requires a person to inform the Department of any proposal by the person to leave Australia, subsection (3) does not apply to the notice.

             (8)  For the purposes of any provision of this Act, other than section 74 or a provision of Part 6, a person is taken to have failed to comply with a notice under this Subdivision if, in response to the notice:

                     (a)  the person gives information or a statement; and

                     (b)  the information or statement is false or misleading; and

                     (c)  the person is reckless as to whether the information or statement is false or misleading.

             (9)  Nothing in this section prevents the giving of more than one notice under this Subdivision to the same person in relation to:

                     (a)  a claim by the person for the same social security payment or concession card; or

                     (b)  the receipt by the person of the same social security payment; or

                     (c)  the holding by the person of the same concession card.

73  Application of provisions

                   Sections 66A to 72 extend to:

                     (a)  acts, omissions, matters and things outside Australia, whether or not in a foreign country; and

                     (b)  all persons irrespective of their nationality or citizenship.

74  Offence—failure to comply with notice

             (1)  A person must not refuse or fail to comply with a notice under section 67, 68, 69, 70 or 70A.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 6 months.

             (2)  Subsection (1) applies only to the extent to which the person is capable of complying with the notice.

             (3)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

             (4)  Subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Subdivision CProvision of tax file numbers

75  Requesting tax file numbers

Persons who may be requested to provide tax file numbers

             (1)  The Secretary may make a request under subsection (2), (3) or (4) of a person (the request recipient) in Australia who:

                     (a)  is making, or has made, a claim for a social security payment; or

                     (b)  is receiving a social security payment (other than utilities allowance or energy supplement under Part 2.25B of the 1991 Act); or

                     (c)  is making, or has made, a claim for a seniors health card, or a health care card that is income‑tested for the request recipient; or

                     (d)  is the holder of a seniors health card, or a health care card that is income‑tested for the request recipient.

Requesting tax file number of request recipient

             (2)  The Secretary may request, but not compel, the request recipient:

                     (a)  if the request recipient has a tax file number—to give the Secretary a written statement of the request recipient’s tax file number; or

                     (b)  if the request recipient does not have a tax file number:

                              (i)  to apply to the Commissioner of Taxation for a tax file number; and

                             (ii)  to give the Secretary a written statement of the request recipient’s tax file number after the Commissioner of Taxation has issued it.

Requesting tax file number of request recipient’s partner

             (3)  The Secretary may request, but not compel, the request recipient to give the Secretary a written statement of the tax file number of the request recipient’s partner if:

                     (a)  the request recipient is a member of a couple; and

                     (b)  the request recipient’s partner is in Australia.

Requesting tax file number of other person whose income is relevant to request recipient’s rate of payment

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the request recipient:

                              (i)  is making, or has made, a claim for a social security payment; or

                             (ii)  is receiving a social security payment; and

                     (b)  the income of one or more other persons who are in Australia is required to be taken into account for the purpose of working out the rate of the social security payment;

the Secretary may request, but not compel, the request recipient to give the Secretary a written statement of the tax file number of any one or more of those other persons.

76  How request for tax file number is satisfied

Satisfying request for tax file number

             (1)  If the Secretary requests a person (the request recipient) under section 75 to give the Secretary a written statement of the tax file number of a person (the relevant person), the request recipient satisfies the request by giving the Secretary, within the period mentioned in subsection (2) of this section (if applicable):

                     (a)  the written statement of the relevant person’s tax file number; or

                     (b)  both of the following:

                              (i)  a declaration that meets the requirements of subsection (3) and contains the statement required by subsection (4);

                             (ii)  a document in which the relevant person authorises the Commissioner of Taxation to tell the Secretary the matters mentioned in subsection (5).

Note:          The relevant person may be the request recipient or another person whose tax file number has been requested under subsection 75(3) or (4).

Period within which request must be satisfied

             (2)  Unless the request recipient was making a claim described in paragraph 75(1)(a) or (c) when the request under section 75 was made, the material mentioned in paragraph (1)(a) or (b) of this section must be given within 28 days after the making of the request.

Requirements for declarations

             (3)  A declaration mentioned in paragraph (1)(b) must be:

                     (a)  for a