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Broadcasting Services Act 1992

Authoritative Version
Act No. 110 of 1992 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Electoral Legislation Amendment (Authorisations) Act 2022
An Act relating to broadcasting services, datacasting services, online services and content services, and for related purposes
Administered by: Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development, Communications and the Arts
Registered 24 Feb 2022
Start Date 18 Feb 2022
Table of contents.

Commonwealth Coat of Arms of Australia

Broadcasting Services Act 1992

No. 110, 1992

Compilation No. 103

Compilation date:                              18 February 2022

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 4, 2022

Registered:                                         24 February 2022

This compilation is in 2 volumes

Volume 1:       sections 1–218

Schedules 1 and 2

Volume 2:       Schedules 4–8

Endnotes

Each volume has its own contents

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Broadcasting Services Act 1992 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 18 February 2022 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Schedule 4—Digital television broadcasting                                      1

Part 1—Introduction                                                                                                            1

1............ Simplified outline of this Schedule...................................................... 1

2............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 1

4............ Digital mode........................................................................................ 4

4A......... HDTV digital mode............................................................................ 4

4B......... SDTV digital mode............................................................................. 4

5............ Remote licence area............................................................................. 4

5A......... SDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service.. 5

5B......... HDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service.. 5

5C......... SDTV multi‑channelled national television broadcasting service........ 5

5D......... HDTV multi‑channelled national television broadcasting service....... 6

Part 3—ABC/SBS television                                                                                            8

36.......... Digital transmitter not to be used to provide a subscription television broadcasting service etc.               8

Part 4A—Primary television broadcasting services                                          9

Division 1—Commercial television broadcasting services                       9

41G....... Primary commercial television broadcasting service........................... 9

Division 2—National television broadcasting services                             10

41M...... Primary national television broadcasting service............................... 10

41N....... Primary satellite national television broadcasting service.................. 10

Part 5—Transmitter access regime                                                                           11

42.......... Simplified outline.............................................................................. 11

43.......... Definitions........................................................................................ 11

43A....... Designated associated facilities......................................................... 12

44.......... Extended meaning of access.............................................................. 12

45.......... Access to broadcasting transmission towers..................................... 13

45A....... Access to designated associated facilities.......................................... 14

46.......... Access to sites of broadcasting transmission towers......................... 16

47.......... Terms and conditions of access......................................................... 17

48.......... Code relating to access...................................................................... 19

49.......... Arbitration—acquisition of property................................................. 19

50.......... Relationship between this Part and the National Transmission Network Sale Act 1998           20

Part 10—Review of decisions                                                                                        21

62.......... Review by the AAT.......................................................................... 21

63.......... Notification of decisions to include notification of reasons and appeal rights           21

Schedule 6—Datacasting services                                                                22

Part 1—Introduction                                                                                                          22

1............ Simplified outline.............................................................................. 22

2............ Definitions........................................................................................ 23

2A......... Designated datacasting service.......................................................... 26

3............ Educational programs........................................................................ 26

4............ Information‑only programs............................................................... 27

5............ Foreign‑language news or current affairs programs.......................... 29

6............ Datacasting content is taken not to be a television program or a radio program etc. 29

Part 2—Datacasting licences                                                                                         30

7............ Allocation of datacasting licence....................................................... 30

8............ When datacasting licence must not be allocated................................. 30

9............ Unsuitable applicant.......................................................................... 30

10.......... Transfer of datacasting licences......................................................... 31

11.......... Surrender of datacasting licences...................................................... 32

12.......... ACMA to maintain Register of datacasting licences......................... 32

Part 3—Conditions of datacasting licences                                                          33

Division 1—Genre conditions                                                                                 33

13.......... Category A television programs........................................................ 33

14.......... Condition relating to category A television programs....................... 34

15.......... Category B television programs........................................................ 35

16.......... Condition relating to category B television programs........................ 36

17.......... Genre conditions do not apply to Parliamentary proceedings etc...... 38

18.......... Genre conditions do not apply to matter that consists of no more than text or still visual images etc.      38

18A....... Genre conditions do not apply to advertising or sponsorship material 39

19.......... Genre conditions do not apply to interactive computer games........... 39

20.......... Genre conditions do not apply to internet carriage services or ordinary email          39

20AA.... Genre conditions do not apply to certain content copied from the internet                40

Division 2—Audio content condition                                                                  41

21.......... Audio content condition.................................................................... 41

22.......... Audio content condition does not apply to Parliamentary proceedings etc.              42

23.......... Audio content condition does not apply to matter that consists of no more than text or still visual images etc.        43

23A....... Audio content condition does not apply to advertising or sponsorship material       43

Division 2A—Genre conditions: anti‑avoidance                                          44

23B....... Anti‑avoidance—declared internet carriage services......................... 44

Division 3—Other conditions                                                                                 45

24.......... General conditions............................................................................ 45

25.......... Suitability condition.......................................................................... 47

26.......... Additional conditions imposed by the ACMA.................................. 48

27.......... Restricted access system................................................................... 49

Division 4—Exemption orders for content copied from the internet 50

27A....... Exemption orders in relation to content copied from the internet....... 50

Part 4—Codes of practice                                                                                               51

28.......... Development of codes of practice..................................................... 51

30.......... ACMA to maintain Register of codes of practice.............................. 54

31.......... ACMA may determine standards where codes of practice fail or where no code of practice developed  55

32.......... Consultation on standards................................................................. 55

33.......... Notification of determination or variation or revocation of standards 55

34.......... Limitation of ACMA’s power in relation to standards...................... 56

35.......... This Part does not apply to internet carriage services or ordinary email 56

35A....... This Part does not apply to the ABC or SBS.................................... 56

Part 5—Complaints to the ACMA about datacasting services                57

36.......... Complaints about offences or breach of licence conditions............... 57

37.......... Complaints under codes of practice................................................... 57

38.......... Investigation of complaints by the ACMA....................................... 58

Part 8—Remedies for breaches of licensing provisions                                59

Division 1—Providing a designated datacasting service without a licence          59

49.......... Prohibition on providing a designated datacasting service without a licence            59

50.......... Remedial directions—unlicensed datacasting services...................... 59

51.......... Exemption for broadcasting licensees etc.......................................... 61

51A....... Exemption for designated teletext services........................................ 61

Division 2—Breaches of licence conditions                                                     62

52.......... Offence for breach of conditions....................................................... 62

52A....... Civil penalty provision relating to breach of conditions of datacasting licences        62

53.......... Remedial directions—breach of conditions....................................... 62

54.......... Suspension and cancellation.............................................................. 63

55.......... Injunctions........................................................................................ 65

56.......... Federal Court’s powers relating to injunctions.................................. 65

57.......... Stay of proceedings relating to additional licence conditions, remedial directions and suspension/cancellation decisions.......................................................................................................... 67

Part 9—Review of decisions                                                                                          69

58.......... Review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal............................... 69

59.......... Notification of decisions to include notification of reasons and appeal rights           70

Schedule 7—Content services definitions                                            71

1............ Purpose of this Schedule................................................................... 71

2............ Definitions........................................................................................ 71

5............ Content service provider................................................................... 77

7............ When content service is provided to the public etc............................ 77

9............ Services supplied by way of a voice call or video call....................... 78

12.......... Re‑transmitted broadcasting services................................................ 78

13.......... Re‑transmitted datacasting services................................................... 78

17.......... Extended meaning of use.................................................................. 79

Schedule 8—Online content services                                                        80

Part 1—Introduction                                                                                                          80

1............ Simplified outline of this Schedule.................................................... 80

2............ Definitions........................................................................................ 80

3............ Online content service....................................................................... 83

4............ Exempt online simulcast service........................................................ 85

5............ Geographical link to Australia........................................................... 86

6............ Online content service provider......................................................... 86

7............ When content is provided on an online content service..................... 86

8............ When a service is provided to the public etc...................................... 87

9............ Extended meaning of using............................................................... 87

10.......... Extra‑territorial application................................................................ 87

Part 2—Online content service provider rules                                                   88

11.......... Online content service provider rules................................................ 88

12.......... Administrative decisions................................................................... 88

Part 3—Gambling promotional content                                                                 89

Division 1—Online content service provider rules relating to gambling promotional content 89

13.......... Gambling promotional content.......................................................... 89

14.......... Accidental or incidental provision of gambling promotional content. 90

15.......... Individual exemptions from online content service provider rules.... 91

16.......... Class exemptions from online content service provider rules............ 93

Division 2—Interpretive provisions                                                                    95

17.......... When a part of an online content service is taken to be an online content service in its own right            95

18.......... Gambling service.............................................................................. 95

19.......... Sporting event................................................................................... 96

20.......... Live coverage of a sporting event...................................................... 97

21.......... Gambling promotional content provided in conjunction with live coverage of a sporting event               97

22.......... Scheduled start of a sporting event.................................................... 98

23.......... Conclusion of a sporting event.......................................................... 98

Part 4—Complaints                                                                                                            99

24.......... Complaints to ACMA—online content service provider rules.......... 99

Part 5—Enforcement                                                                                                       100

25.......... Compliance with the online content service provider rules.............. 100

26.......... Remedial directions—breach of the online content service provider rules                100

Part 6—Miscellaneous                                                                                                     102

27.......... Minister may direct the ACMA about the exercise of its powers.... 102

28.......... Service of notices by electronic means............................................ 102

29.......... Service of summons, process or notice on corporations incorporated outside Australia          102

30.......... This Schedule does not limit Schedule 5 or 7.................................. 103

32.......... Implied freedom of political communication................................... 103

33.......... Acquisition of property................................................................... 103

34.......... Concurrent operation of State and Territory laws............................ 104

35.......... Schedule not to affect performance of State or Territory functions. 104

Endnotes                                                                                                                                  105

Endnote 1—About the endnotes                                                                          105

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key                                                                              107

Endnote 3—Legislation history                                                                           108

Endnote 4—Amendment history                                                                         125


Schedule 4Digital television broadcasting

Note:       See section 216A.

Part 1Introduction

  

1  Simplified outline of this Schedule

National broadcasters who operate a transmitter are subject to restrictions regarding the services that may be transmitted in digital mode using the transmitter.

Owners and operators of broadcasting transmission towers must give digital broadcasters access to the towers for the purposes of installing or maintaining digital transmitters. Applications to the AAT for review of a decision regarding access may be made by the person seeking access, or by the owner or operator of the facility to which access is sought.

2  Definitions

                   In this Schedule, unless the contrary intention appears:

AAT means the Administrative Appeals Tribunal.

broadcasting transmission tower means:

                     (a)  a tower; or

                     (b)  a pole; or

                     (c)  a mast; or

                     (d)  a similar structure;

used to supply:

                     (e)  a broadcasting service by means of radiocommunications using the broadcasting services bands; or

                      (f)  a datacasting service provided under, and in accordance with the conditions of, a datacasting licence.

coverage area means:

                     (a)  a metropolitan coverage area; or

                     (b)  a regional coverage area.

HDTV digital mode has the meaning given by clause 4A.

HDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service has the meaning given by clause 5B.

HDTV multi‑channelled national television broadcasting service has the meaning given by clause 5D.

licence area means a licence area for a commercial television broadcasting licence.

metropolitan coverage area means an area that corresponds to a metropolitan licence area.

metropolitan licence area means a licence area in which is situated the General Post Office of the capital city of:

                     (a)  New South Wales; or

                     (b)  Victoria; or

                     (c)  Queensland; or

                     (d)  Western Australia; or

                     (e)  South Australia;

but does not include the licence area of a commercial television broadcasting licence allocated under section 38C.

national broadcasting service does not include a broadcasting service provided under the Parliamentary Proceedings Broadcasting Act 1946.

national television broadcasting service means a national broadcasting service that provides television programs.

news or current affairs program means any of the following:

                     (a)  a news bulletin;

                     (b)  a sports news bulletin;

                     (c)  a program (whether presenter‑based or not) whose sole or dominant purpose is to provide analysis, commentary or discussion principally designed to inform the general community about social, economic or political issues of current relevance to the general community.

primary commercial television broadcasting service, in relation to a commercial television broadcasting licence, has the meaning given by clause 41G.

primary national television broadcasting service, in relation to a national broadcaster, has the meaning given by clause 41M.

primary satellite national television broadcasting service, in relation to a national broadcaster, has the meaning given by clause 41N.

radiocommunication has the same meaning as in the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

regional coverage area means an area that corresponds to a regional licence area.

regional licence area means a licence area that is not a metropolitan licence area, but does not include the licence area of a commercial television broadcasting licence allocated under section 38C.

remote coverage area means an area that corresponds to a remote licence area.

remote licence area has the meaning given by clause 5.

satellite delivery area means an area that corresponds to the licence area of a commercial television broadcasting licence allocated under section 38C.

SDTV digital mode has the meaning given by clause 4B.

SDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service has the meaning given by clause 5A.

SDTV multi‑channelled national television broadcasting service has the meaning given by clause 5C.

television broadcasting service means:

                     (a)  a commercial television broadcasting service; or

                     (b)  a national television broadcasting service.

transmitter licence has the same meaning as in the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

4  Digital mode

                   For the purposes of this Schedule, a program or service is broadcast or transmitted in digital mode if the program or service is broadcast or transmitted using a digital modulation technique.

4A  HDTV digital mode

                   For the purposes of this Schedule, a television program or a television broadcasting service is broadcast or transmitted in HDTV digital mode if the program or service is broadcast or transmitted in digital mode in a high definition format.

4B  SDTV digital mode

                   For the purposes of this Schedule, a program or a television broadcasting service is broadcast or transmitted in SDTV digital mode if the program or service is broadcast or transmitted in digital mode in a standard definition format.

5  Remote licence area

             (1)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, determine that a specified licence area is a remote licence area for the purposes of this Schedule.

          (1A)  Subclause (1) does not apply to the licence area of a commercial television broadcasting licence allocated under section 38C.

             (2)  A determination under this clause has effect accordingly.

5A  SDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service

                   For the purposes of this Schedule, a commercial television broadcasting service is a SDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service if:

                     (a)  the service is provided by a commercial television broadcasting licensee; and

                     (b)  the service is transmitted in SDTV digital mode:

                              (i)  using multi‑channelling transmission capacity; or

                             (ii)  with the use of a satellite; and

                     (c)  the service is promoted as a service that is distinct from any other commercial television broadcasting service provided by the licensee.

5B  HDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service

                   For the purposes of this Schedule, a commercial television broadcasting service is a HDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service if:

                     (a)  the service is provided by a commercial television broadcasting licensee; and

                     (b)  the service is transmitted in HDTV digital mode:

                              (i)  using multi‑channelling transmission capacity; or

                             (ii)  with the use of a satellite; and

                     (c)  the service is promoted as a service that is distinct from any other commercial television broadcasting service provided by the licensee.

5C  SDTV multi‑channelled national television broadcasting service

             (1)  For the purposes of this Schedule, a national television broadcasting service is a SDTV multi‑channelled national television broadcasting service if:

                     (a)  the service is provided by:

                              (i)  the Australian Broadcasting Corporation in accordance with section 6 of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation Act 1983; or

                             (ii)  the Special Broadcasting Service Corporation in accordance with section 6 of the Special Broadcasting Service Act 1991; and

                     (b)  the service is transmitted in SDTV digital mode:

                              (i)  using multi‑channelling transmission capacity; or

                             (ii)  with the use of a satellite; and

                     (c)  the service is promoted as a service that is distinct from any other national television broadcasting service provided by the Corporation concerned; and

                     (d)  the Corporation concerned has given the Minister a written notice electing that this subclause apply to the service.

             (4)  Paragraph (1)(d) does not apply to a national television broadcasting service provided with the use of a satellite.

5D  HDTV multi‑channelled national television broadcasting service

                   For the purposes of this Schedule, a national television broadcasting service is a HDTV multi‑channelled national television broadcasting service if:

                     (a)  the service is provided by:

                              (i)  the Australian Broadcasting Corporation in accordance with section 6 of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation Act 1983; or

                             (ii)  the Special Broadcasting Service Corporation in accordance with section 6 of the Special Broadcasting Service Act 1991; and

                     (b)  the service is transmitted in HDTV digital mode:

                              (i)  using multi‑channelling transmission capacity; or

                             (ii)  with the use of a satellite; and

                     (c)  the service is promoted as a service that is distinct from any other national television broadcasting service provided by the Corporation concerned.

Part 3ABC/SBS television

  

36  Digital transmitter not to be used to provide a subscription television broadcasting service etc.

                   If a national broadcaster holds a transmitter licence that authorises the operation of a transmitter for transmitting national television broadcasting services in digital mode, the national broadcaster must not operate, or permit the operation of, that transmitter to transmit in digital mode:

                     (a)  a commercial broadcasting service that provides radio programs; or

                     (b)  a subscription radio broadcasting service; or

                     (c)  a subscription television broadcasting service; or

                     (d)  a subscription radio narrowcasting service; or

                     (e)  a subscription television narrowcasting service; or

                      (f)  an open narrowcasting radio service; or

                     (g)  an open narrowcasting television service.

Part 4APrimary television broadcasting services

Division 1Commercial television broadcasting services

41G  Primary commercial television broadcasting service

             (2)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, declare that a specified multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service provided by a commercial television broadcasting licensee for the licence area of the licence is the licensee’s primary commercial television broadcasting service in the licence area.

             (3)  The ACMA must ensure that a declaration under subclause (2) is in force at all times after the licensee commences to provide a multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service in the licence area.

Service provided under a section 38C licence

             (4)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, declare that one or more specified multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting services provided by a commercial television broadcasting licensee whose licence was allocated under section 38C are the licensee’s primary commercial television broadcasting services in the licence area.

             (5)  The number of services declared under subclause (4) in relation to a particular licensee must not exceed 3.

             (6)  The ACMA must ensure that a declaration under subclause (4) is in force at all times for the licence area concerned.

Division 2National television broadcasting services

41M  Primary national television broadcasting service

             (1)  A national broadcaster must, by written notice given to the Minister, declare that a specified multi‑channelled national television broadcasting service provided by the national broadcaster in a specified coverage area is the broadcaster’s primary national television broadcasting service in the coverage area.

             (2)  The national broadcaster must ensure that a declaration under subclause (1) is in force at all times, for the coverage area concerned.

41N  Primary satellite national television broadcasting service

Primary national television broadcasting service

             (1)  A national broadcaster must, by written notice given to the Minister, declare that a specified multi‑channelled national television broadcasting service provided by the national broadcaster, with the use of a satellite, in a specified satellite delivery area is the broadcaster’s primary satellite national television broadcasting service in the satellite delivery area.

             (2)  The national broadcaster must ensure that a declaration under subclause (1):

                     (a)  comes into force as soon as practicable after the national broadcaster commences to provide a multi‑channelled national television broadcasting service, with the use of a satellite, in the satellite delivery area; and

                     (b)  is in force at all times after that commencement.

Part 5Transmitter access regime

  

42  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      The owner or operator of a broadcasting transmission tower or a designated associated facility must provide:

       (a)      the holder of a commercial television broadcasting licence; or

       (b)      a national broadcaster;

       with access to the tower or facility.

•      The owner or operator of a broadcasting transmission tower must provide:

       (a)      the holder of a commercial television broadcasting licence; or

       (b)      a national broadcaster;

       with access to the site of the tower.

43  Definitions

                   In this Part:

ACCC means the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission.

commercial television broadcasting licence does not include a commercial television broadcasting licence allocated under section 38C.

designated associated facility has the meaning given by clause 43A.

facility includes apparatus, equipment, a structure, a line or an electricity cable or wire.

site means:

                     (a)  land; or

                     (b)  a building on land; or

                     (c)  a structure on land.

43A  Designated associated facilities

                   For the purposes of this Part, a designated associated facility means any of the following facilities:

                     (a)  an antenna;

                     (b)  a combiner;

                     (c)  a feeder system;

                     (d)  a facility of a kind specified in the regulations;

where:

                     (e)  the facility is, or is to be, associated with a transmitter; and

                      (f)  the facility is used, or capable of being used, in connection with:

                              (i)  the transmission of a television broadcasting service in digital mode; or

                             (ii)  the provision of datacasting services in digital mode.

44  Extended meaning of access

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, giving access to a tower includes replacing the tower with another tower located on the same site and giving access to the replacement tower.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Part, giving access to a site on which is situated a tower includes replacing the tower with another tower located on the site.

             (3)  For the purposes of this Part, giving access to a designated associated facility includes:

                     (a)  replacing the facility with another facility located on the same site and giving access to the replacement facility; or

                     (b)  giving access to a service provided by means of the designated associated facility.

45  Access to broadcasting transmission towers

Television broadcasting services in digital mode

             (1)  The owner or operator of a broadcasting transmission tower must, if requested to do so by the holder of a commercial television broadcasting licence (the access seeker), or a national broadcaster (also the access seeker), give the access seeker access to the tower.

             (2)  The owner or operator of the broadcasting transmission tower is not required to comply with subclause (1) unless:

                     (a)  the access is provided for the sole purpose of enabling the access seeker to install or maintain a transmitter and/or associated facilities used, or for use, wholly or principally in connection with the transmission of the access seeker’s television broadcasting service or services in digital mode; and

                     (b)  the access seeker gives the owner or operator reasonable notice that the access seeker requires the access.

Compliance not technically feasible

             (5)  The owner or operator of a broadcasting transmission tower is not required to comply with subclause (1) if there is in force a written certificate issued by the ACMA stating that, in the ACMA’s opinion, compliance with subclause (1) in relation to that tower is not technically feasible.

             (6)  In determining whether compliance with subclause (1) in relation to a tower is technically feasible, the ACMA must have regard to:

                     (a)  whether compliance is likely to result in significant difficulties of a technical or engineering nature; and

                     (b)  whether compliance is likely to result in a significant threat to the health or safety of persons who operate, or work on, the tower; and

                     (c)  if compliance is likely to have a result referred to in paragraph (a) or (b)—whether there are practicable means of avoiding such a result, including (but not limited to):

                              (i)  changing the configuration or operating parameters of a facility situated on the tower; and

                             (ii)  making alterations to the tower; and

                     (d)  such other matters (if any) as the ACMA considers relevant.

Issue of certificate

             (7)  If the ACMA receives a request to make a decision about the issue of a certificate under subclause (5), the ACMA must use its best endeavours to make that decision within 10 business days after the request was made.

45A  Access to designated associated facilities

             (1)  This clause applies to a designated associated facility if the facility is situated on, at, in or under:

                     (a)  a broadcasting transmission tower; or

                     (b)  the site on which a broadcasting transmission tower is situated.

Television broadcasting services in digital mode

             (2)  The owner or operator of the designated associated facility must, if requested to do so by the holder of a commercial television broadcasting licence (the access seeker), or a national broadcaster (also called the access seeker), give the access seeker access to the facility.

             (3)  The owner or operator of the designated associated facility is not required to comply with subclause (2) unless:

                     (a)  the access is provided for the sole purpose of enabling the access seeker to use the facility, or a service provided by means of the facility, wholly or principally in connection with the transmission of the access seeker’s television broadcasting service or services in digital mode; and

                     (b)  the access seeker gives the owner or operator reasonable notice that the access seeker requires the access.

Compliance not technically feasible

             (6)  The owner or operator of a designated associated facility is not required to comply with subclause (2) if there is in force a written certificate issued by the ACMA stating that, in the ACMA’s opinion, compliance with subclause (2) in relation to that facility is not technically feasible.

             (7)  In determining whether compliance with subclause (2) in relation to a facility is technically feasible, the ACMA must have regard to:

                     (a)  whether compliance is likely to result in significant difficulties of a technical or engineering nature; and

                     (b)  whether compliance is likely to result in a significant threat to the health or safety of persons who operate, or work on, a facility situated on the site; and

                     (c)  if compliance is likely to have a result referred to in paragraph (a) or (b)—whether there are practicable means of avoiding such a result, including (but not limited to):

                              (i)  changing the configuration or operating parameters of a facility situated on the site; and

                             (ii)  making alterations to a facility situated on the site; and

                     (d)  such other matters (if any) as the ACMA considers relevant.

Issue of certificate

             (8)  If the ACMA receives a request to make a decision about the issue of a certificate under subclause (6), the ACMA must use its best endeavours to make that decision within 10 business days after the request was made.

Exemptions

             (9)  The regulations may provide for exemptions from subclause (2).

           (10)  Regulations made for the purposes of subclause (9) may make provision with respect to a matter by conferring on the ACCC a power to make a decision of an administrative character.

46  Access to sites of broadcasting transmission towers

Television broadcasting services in digital mode

             (1)  The owner or operator of a broadcasting transmission tower must, if requested to do so by the holder of a commercial television broadcasting licence (the access seeker), or a national broadcaster (also the access seeker), give the access seeker access to a site if:

                     (a)  the tower is situated on the site; and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  the site is owned, occupied or controlled by the owner or operator of the tower; or

                             (ii)  the owner or operator of the tower has a right (either conditional or unconditional) to use the site.

             (2)  The owner or operator of the broadcasting transmission tower is not required to comply with subclause (1) unless:

                     (a)  the access is provided for the sole purpose of enabling the access seeker to install or maintain a transmitter and/or associated facilities used, or for use, wholly or principally in connection with the transmission of the access seeker’s television broadcasting service or services in digital mode; and

                     (b)  the access seeker gives the owner or operator reasonable notice that the access seeker requires the access.

Compliance not technically feasible

             (5)  The owner or operator of a broadcasting transmission tower is not required to comply with subclause (1) if there is in force a written certificate issued by the ACMA stating that, in the ACMA’s opinion, compliance with subclause (1) in relation to that tower is not technically feasible.

             (6)  In determining whether compliance with subclause (1) in relation to a site is technically feasible, the ACMA must have regard to:

                     (a)  whether compliance is likely to result in significant difficulties of a technical or engineering nature; and

                     (b)  whether compliance is likely to result in a significant threat to the health or safety of persons who operate, or work on, a facility situated on the site; and

                     (c)  if compliance is likely to have a result referred to in paragraph (a) or (b)—whether there are practicable means of avoiding such a result, including (but not limited to):

                              (i)  changing the configuration or operating parameters of a facility situated on the site; and

                             (ii)  making alterations to a facility situated on the site; and

                     (d)  such other matters (if any) as the ACMA considers relevant.

Issue of certificate

             (7)  If the ACMA receives a request to make a decision about the issue of a certificate under subclause (5), the ACMA must use its best endeavours to make that decision within 10 business days after the request was made.

47  Terms and conditions of access

Access to towers

             (1)  The owner or operator of a broadcasting transmission tower must comply with subclause 45(1) on such terms and conditions as are:

                     (a)  agreed between the following parties:

                              (i)  the owner or operator;

                             (ii)  the access seeker (within the meaning of that subclause); or

                     (b)  failing agreement, determined by an arbitrator appointed by the parties.

If the parties fail to agree on the appointment of an arbitrator, the ACCC is to be the arbitrator.

Access to designated associated facilities

          (1A)  The owner or operator of a designated associated facility must comply with subclause 45A(2) on such terms and conditions as are:

                     (a)  agreed between the following parties:

                              (i)  the owner or operator;

                             (ii)  the access seeker (within the meaning of that subclause); or

                     (b)  failing agreement, determined by an arbitrator appointed by the parties.

If the parties fail to agree on the appointment of an arbitrator, the ACCC is to be the arbitrator.

Access to sites

             (2)  The owner or operator of a broadcasting transmission tower must comply with subclause 46(1) on such terms and conditions as are:

                     (a)  agreed between the following parties:

                              (i)  the owner or operator;

                             (ii)  the access seeker (within the meaning of that subclause); or

                     (b)  failing agreement, determined by an arbitrator appointed by the parties.

If the parties fail to agree on the appointment of an arbitrator, the ACCC is to be the arbitrator.

Conduct of arbitration

             (3)  The regulations may make provision for and in relation to the conduct of an arbitration under this clause.

             (4)  The regulations may provide that, for the purposes of a particular arbitration conducted by the ACCC under this clause, the ACCC may be constituted by a single member, or a specified number of members, of the ACCC. For each such arbitration, that member or those members are to be nominated in writing by the Chair of the ACCC.

             (5)  Subclause (4) does not, by implication, limit subclause (3).

48  Code relating to access

             (1)  The ACCC may, by legislative instrument, make a Code setting out conditions that are to be complied with in relation to the provision of access under this Part.

             (2)  Before making an instrument under subclause (1), the ACCC must consult:

                     (a)  commercial television broadcasting licensees; and

                     (b)  national broadcasters; and

                     (c)  owners and operators of broadcasting transmission towers.

             (3)  An access seeker must comply with the Code.

             (4)  The owner or operator of a broadcasting transmission tower must comply with the Code, to the extent to which the Code relates to the provision of access under clause 45 or 46.

          (4A)  The owner or operator of a designated associated facility must comply with the Code, to the extent to which the Code relates to the provision of access under clause 45A.

49  Arbitration—acquisition of property

             (1)  This clause applies to a provision of this Part that authorises the conduct of an arbitration (whether by the ACCC or another person).

             (2)  The provision has no effect to the extent (if any) to which it purports to authorise the acquisition of property if that acquisition:

                     (a)  is otherwise than on just terms; and

                     (b)  would be invalid because of paragraph 51(xxxi) of the Constitution.

             (3)  In this clause:

acquisition of property has the same meaning as in paragraph 51(xxxi) of the Constitution.

just terms has the same meaning as in paragraph 51(xxxi) of the Constitution.

50  Relationship between this Part and the National Transmission Network Sale Act 1998

                   Part 3 of the National Transmission Network Sale Act 1998 does not apply in relation to an access seeker seeking access to a broadcasting transmission tower or a site to the extent to which this Part applies in relation to the access seeker seeking access to that tower or site.

Part 10Review of decisions

  

62  Review by the AAT

Transmitter access regime

             (5)  An application may be made to the AAT for a review of a decision of the ACMA to issue a certificate under subclause 45(5), 45A(6) or 46(5).

             (6)  An application under subclause (5) may only be made by the access seeker concerned.

             (7)  An application may be made to the AAT for a review of a decision of the ACMA to refuse to issue a certificate under subclause 45(5) or 46(5).

             (8)  An application under subclause (7) may only be made by the owner or operator of the broadcasting transmission tower concerned.

             (9)  An application may be made to the AAT for a review of a decision of the ACMA to refuse to issue a certificate under subclause 45A(6).

           (10)  An application under subclause (9) may only be made by the owner or operator of the designated associated facility concerned.

63  Notification of decisions to include notification of reasons and appeal rights

                   If the ACMA makes a decision that is reviewable under clause 62, the ACMA is to include in the document by which the decision is notified:

                     (a)  a statement setting out the reasons for the decision; and

                     (b)  a statement to the effect that an application may be made to the AAT for a review of the decision.

Schedule 6Datacasting services

Note:       See section 216C.

Part 1Introduction

  

1  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Schedule:

•      This Schedule sets up a system for regulating the provision of datacasting services.

•      A person who provides a designated datacasting service must hold a datacasting licence.

•      Datacasting content will be subject to restrictions. Those restrictions are designed to encourage datacasting licensees to provide a range of innovative services that are different to traditional broadcasting services.

•      The main restrictions on datacasting content are as follows:

               (a)     restrictions on the provision of certain genres of television programs;

              (b)     restrictions on the provision of audio content.

•      Datacasting licensees will be allowed to provide the following types of content:

               (a)     information‑only programs (including matter that enables people to carry out transactions);

              (b)     educational programs;

               (c)     interactive computer games;

              (d)     content in the form of text or still visual images;

               (e)     Parliamentary broadcasts;

               (f)     ordinary email;

               (g)     internet content.

•      A group that represents datacasting licensees may develop codes of practice.

•      The ACMA has a reserve power to make a standard if there are no codes of practice or if a code of practice is deficient.

•      The ACMA may investigate complaints about datacasting licensees.

2  Definitions

             (1)  In this Schedule, unless the contrary intention appears:

advertising or sponsorship material means advertising or sponsorship material (whether or not of a commercial kind).

Classification Board means the Classification Board established by the Classification (Publications, Films and Computer Games) Act 1995.

compilation program means a program that consists of video clips or other matter edited together to form a structured program, where there is a heavy emphasis on entertainment value.

declared internet carriage service has the meaning given by clause 23B.

designated datacasting service has the meaning given by clause 2A.

designated teletext service means a teletext service provided by a commercial television broadcasting licensee, where:

                     (a)  the licensee provided the service throughout the 2‑year period ending immediately before the commencement of this Schedule; and

                     (b)  the service remains substantially the same as the service provided throughout that 2‑year period.

drama program has the same meaning as in section 103B.

educational program has the meaning given by clause 3.

engage in conduct (except in clause 55 or 56) means:

                     (a)  do an act; or

                     (b)  omit to perform an act.

financial, market or business information bulletin means a bulletin the sole or dominant purpose of which is to provide information, analysis, commentary or discussion in relation to financial, market or business matters.

foreign‑language news or current affairs program has the meaning given by clause 5.

information‑only program has the meaning given by clause 4.

infotainment or lifestyle program means a program the sole or dominant purpose of which is to present factual information in an entertaining way, where there is a heavy emphasis on entertainment value.

interactive computer game means a computer game, where:

                     (a)  the way the game proceeds, and the result achieved at various stages of the game, is determined in response to the decisions, inputs and direct involvement of the player; and

                     (b)  a part of the software that enables end‑users to play the game is under the control of the datacasting licensee concerned.

internet carriage service has the same meaning as in the Online Safety Act 2021, but does not include a service that transmits content that has been copied from the internet, where the content is selected by the datacasting licensee concerned.

music program means a program the sole or dominant purpose of which is to provide:

                     (a)  music with video clips; or

                     (b)  video footage of musical performances;

or both.

news or current affairs program means any of the following:

                     (a)  a news bulletin;

                     (b)  a sports news bulletin;

                     (c)  a program (whether presenter‑based or not) whose sole or dominant purpose is to provide analysis, commentary or discussion principally designed to inform the general community about social, economic or political issues of current relevance to the general community.

ordinary email does not include a posting to a newsgroup.

qualified entity means:

                     (a)  a company that:

                              (i)  is registered under Part 2A.2 of the Corporations Act 2001; and

                             (ii)  has a share capital; or

                     (b)  the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory; or

                     (c)  the Australian Broadcasting Corporation; or

                     (d)  the Special Broadcasting Service Corporation; or

                     (e)  any other body corporate established for a public purpose by a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory.

“reality television” program means a program the sole or dominant purpose of which is to depict actual, contemporary events, people or situations in a dramatic or entertaining way, where there is a heavy emphasis on dramatic impact or entertainment value.

related body corporate has the same meaning as in the Corporations Act 2001.

sports program means a program the sole or dominant purpose of which is to provide:

                     (a)  coverage of one or more sporting events; or

                     (b)  analysis, commentary or discussion in relation to one or more sporting events;

or both, but does not include a sports news bulletin.

transmitter licence has the same meaning as in the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

             (2)  In determining the meaning of an expression used in a provision of this Act (other than this Schedule), this clause is to be disregarded.

2A  Designated datacasting service

             (1)  For the purposes of this Schedule, a designated datacasting service is a datacasting service that:

                     (a)  is provided by a person who is:

                              (i)  a commercial television broadcasting licensee; or

                             (ii)  a commercial radio broadcasting licensee; or

                            (iii)  a national broadcaster; or

                     (b)  is of a kind specified in an instrument under subclause (2).

             (2)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify kinds of datacasting services for the purposes of paragraph (1)(b).

3  Educational programs

             (1)  For the purposes of this Schedule, an educational program is matter, where, having regard to:

                     (a)  the substance of the matter; and

                     (b)  the way in which the matter is advertised or promoted; and

                     (c)  any other relevant matters;

it would be concluded that the sole or dominant purpose of the matter is to assist a person in education or learning, whether or not in connection with a course of study or instruction.

             (2)  Subclause (1) has effect subject to subclauses (3) and (4).

ACMA determinations

             (3)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, make a determination providing that, for the purposes of this Schedule, specified matter is taken to be an educational program.

             (4)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, make a determination providing that, for the purposes of this Schedule, specified matter is taken not to be an educational program.

             (5)  A determination under subclause (3) or (4) has effect accordingly.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 13(3) of the Legislation Act 2003.

4  Information‑only programs

             (1)  For the purposes of this Schedule, an information‑only program is matter the sole or dominant purpose of which is to:

                     (a)  provide factual information, or directly‑related comment, about any of a wide range of matters, including but not limited to any of the following:

                              (i)  products;

                             (ii)  services;

                            (iii)  community activities;

                            (iv)  domestic or household matters;

                             (v)  private recreational pursuits or hobbies;

                            (vi)  legal rights, obligations or responsibilities;

                           (vii)  first aid, health or safety matters;

                          (viii)  emergencies or natural disasters;

                            (ix)  rural matters;

                             (x)  travel matters;

                            (xi)  crime prevention matters; or

                     (b)  enable and/or facilitate the carrying out and/or completion of transactions;

or both, where there is not a significant emphasis on dramatic impact or entertainment.

             (2)  Subclause (1) has effect subject to subclauses (3) and (4).

ACMA determinations

             (3)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, make a determination providing that, for the purposes of this Schedule, specified matter is taken to be an information‑only program.

             (4)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, make a determination providing that, for the purposes of this Schedule, specified matter is taken not to be an information‑only program.

             (5)  A determination under subclause (3) or (4) has effect accordingly.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 13(3) of the Legislation Act 2003.

Definitions

             (8)  In this clause:

community activity means:

                     (a)  a meeting, event, performance or other activity that can be attended by:

                              (i)  the public; or

                             (ii)  a section of the public; or

                            (iii)  members of a particular club, society or organisation; or

                     (b)  the activity of visiting an institution, a tourist attraction or other place;

whether on payment of a charge or otherwise.

product includes real property.

services means any services, benefits, rights, privileges or facilities that are capable of being provided, granted or conferred:

                     (a)  in trade or commerce; or

                     (b)  by a government or government authority; or

                     (c)  in any other way.

transactions includes:

                     (a)  commercial transactions; and

                     (b)  banking transactions; and

                     (c)  insurance transactions; and

                     (d)  dealings about employment matters; and

                     (e)  dealings with governments and government authorities.

5  Foreign‑language news or current affairs programs

             (1)  For the purposes of this Schedule, a foreign‑language news or current affairs program means a news or current affairs program that is wholly in a language other than English.

             (2)  For the purposes of subclause (1), disregard minor and infrequent uses of the English language.

             (3)  For the purposes of subclause (1), disregard any English language subtitles or captioning.

6  Datacasting content is taken not to be a television program or a radio program etc.

                   For the purposes of this Act (other than Divisions 1 and 2 of Part 3 of this Schedule) and any other law of the Commonwealth (other than the Tobacco Advertising Prohibition Act 1992), if a datacasting service is provided under, and in accordance with the conditions of, a datacasting licence:

                     (a)  any matter provided on that service is taken not to be a television program or a radio program; and

                     (b)  any matter provided on that service is taken not to be broadcast or televised; and

                     (c)  that service is taken not to be a broadcasting service, a television service or a radio service.

Part 2Datacasting licences

  

7  Allocation of datacasting licence

             (1)  The ACMA may allocate a datacasting licence to a person, on written application by the person.

             (2)  Applications must:

                     (a)  be in accordance with a form approved in writing by the ACMA; and

                     (b)  be accompanied by the application fee determined in writing by the ACMA.

8  When datacasting licence must not be allocated

             (1)  A datacasting licence is not to be allocated to an applicant if:

                     (a)  the applicant is not a qualified entity; or

                     (b)  the ACMA decides that subclause 9(1) applies to the applicant.

             (2)  The ACMA may refuse to allocate a datacasting licence to an applicant if a datacasting licence held by the applicant, or by a related body corporate of the applicant, was cancelled at any time during the previous 12 months.

             (3)  Paragraph (1)(b) does not require the ACMA to consider the application of clause 9 in relation to an applicant before allocating a licence to the applicant.

9  Unsuitable applicant

             (1)  The ACMA may, if it is satisfied that allowing a particular person to provide a datacasting service under a datacasting licence would lead to a significant risk of:

                     (a)  an offence against this Act or the regulations being committed; or

                    (aa)  a breach of a civil penalty provision occurring; or

                     (b)  a breach of the conditions of the licence occurring;

decide that this subclause applies to the person.

             (2)  In deciding whether such a risk exists, the ACMA is to take into account:

                     (a)  the business record of the person; and

                     (b)  the person’s record in situations requiring trust and candour; and

                     (c)  the business record of each person who would be, if a datacasting licence were allocated to the first‑mentioned person, in a position to control the licence; and

                     (d)  the record in situations requiring trust and candour of each such person; and

                     (e)  whether the first‑mentioned person, or a person referred to in paragraph (c) or (d), has been convicted of an offence against this Act or the regulations; and

                      (f)  whether a civil penalty order has been made against:

                              (i)  the first‑mentioned person; or

                             (ii)  a person referred to in paragraph (c) or (d).

             (3)  This clause does not affect the operation of Part VIIC of the Crimes Act 1914 (which includes provisions that, in certain circumstances, relieve persons from the requirement to disclose spent convictions and require persons aware of such convictions to disregard them).

10  Transfer of datacasting licences

             (1)  A datacasting licensee may transfer the licence to another qualified entity.

             (2)  A transferee of a datacasting licence must, within 7 days after the transfer, notify the ACMA of the transfer.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

          (2A)  Subclause (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (3)  A notification must be in accordance with a form approved in writing by the ACMA.

11  Surrender of datacasting licences

                   A datacasting licensee may, by written notice given to the ACMA, surrender the licence.

12  ACMA to maintain Register of datacasting licences

             (1)  The ACMA is to maintain a Register in which the ACMA includes:

                     (a)  particulars of datacasting licences; and

                     (b)  such information about transmitter licences as the ACMA determines.

             (2)  The Register may be maintained by electronic means.

             (3)  The Register is to be made available for inspection on the internet.

Part 3Conditions of datacasting licences

Division 1Genre conditions

13  Category A television programs

             (1)  For the purposes of this Division, each of the following television programs is a category A television program:

                     (a)  a drama program;

                     (c)  a sports program;

                     (d)  a music program;

                     (e)  an infotainment or lifestyle program;

                      (f)  a documentary program;

                     (g)  a “reality television” program;

                     (h)  a children’s entertainment program;

                      (i)  a light entertainment or variety program;

                      (j)  a compilation program;

                     (k)  a quiz or games program;

                      (l)  a comedy program;

                    (m)  a program that consists of a combination of any or all of the above programs.

             (2)  Subclause (1) has effect subject to subclauses (3), (4) and (5).

             (3)  For the purposes of this Division, neither of the following television programs is a category A television program:

                     (a)  an information‑only program;

                     (b)  an educational program.

ACMA genre determinations

             (4)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, make a determination providing that, for the purposes of this Division, a specified television program or specified matter is taken to be a category A television program covered by a specified paragraph of subclause (1).

             (5)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, make a determination providing that, for the purposes of this Division, a specified television program or specified matter is taken not to be a category A television program covered by a specified paragraph of subclause (1).

             (6)  A determination under subclause (4) or (5) has effect accordingly.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 13(3) of the Legislation Act 2003.

14  Condition relating to category A television programs

             (1)  Each datacasting licence is subject to the condition that the licensee will not transmit matter that, if it were broadcast on a commercial television broadcasting service, would be:

                     (a)  a category A television program; or

                     (b)  an extract from a category A television program.

             (2)  The condition set out in subclause (1) does not prevent the licensee from transmitting an extract from a category A television program, so long as:

                     (a)  the extract is not longer than 10 minutes; and

                     (c)  the extract is not combined with one or more other extracts from category A television programs in such a way that the extracts together constitute the whole or a majority of a particular category A television program; and

                     (d)  having regard to:

                              (i)  the nature of the extract; and

                             (ii)  the circumstances in which the extract is provided;

                            it would be concluded that the licensee did not intend that the extract be combined with one or more other extracts from category A television programs in such a way that the extracts together constitute the whole or a majority of a particular category A television program.

             (3)  A reference in subclause (2) to a category A television program is a reference to matter that is covered by subclause (1) because of paragraph (1)(a).

             (4)  A reference in subclause (2) to an extract from a category A television program is a reference to matter that is covered by subclause (1) because of paragraph (1)(b).

             (5)  If, because of subclause (2) of this clause, a datacasting licensee can transmit matter without breaching the condition set out in subclause (1) of this clause, the condition set out in subclause 16(1) does not prevent the licensee from transmitting that matter.

15  Category B television programs

             (1)  For the purposes of this Division, each of the following television programs is a category B television program:

                     (a)  a news or current affairs program;

                     (b)  a financial, market or business information bulletin;

                     (c)  a weather bulletin;

                     (d)  a bulletin or program that consists of a combination of any or all of the above bulletins or programs.

             (2)  Subclause (1) has effect subject to subclauses (3), (4) and (5).

             (3)  For the purposes of this Division, none of the following television programs is a category B television program:

                     (a)  an information‑only program;

                     (b)  an educational program;

                     (c)  a foreign‑language news or current affairs program.

ACMA genre determinations

             (4)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, make a determination providing that, for the purposes of this Division, a specified television program or specified matter is taken to be a category B television program covered by a specified paragraph of subclause (1).

             (5)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, make a determination providing that, for the purposes of this Division, a specified television program or specified matter is taken not to be a category B television program covered by a specified paragraph of subclause (1).

             (6)  A determination under subclause (4) or (5) has effect accordingly.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 13(3) of the Legislation Act 2003.

16  Condition relating to category B television programs

             (1)  Each datacasting licence is subject to the condition that the licensee will not transmit matter that, if it were broadcast on a commercial television broadcasting service, would be:

                     (a)  a category B television program; or

                     (b)  an extract from a category B television program.

             (2)  The condition set out in subclause (1) does not prevent the licensee from transmitting a bulletin, or program, (whether presenter‑based or not), so long as:

                     (a)  the bulletin or program is not longer than 10 minutes; and

                     (b)  if:

                              (i)  an earlier bulletin or program covered by subclause (1) was transmitted by the licensee; and

                             (ii)  the content of the first‑mentioned bulletin or program differs in any respect from the content of the earlier bulletin or program;

                            the interval between the start of the transmission of the earlier bulletin or program and the start of the transmission of the first‑mentioned bulletin or program is at least 30 minutes; and

                     (c)  the bulletin or program is not combined with one or more other bulletins or programs in such a way that the bulletins or programs together constitute a bulletin or program longer than 10 minutes; and

                     (d)  having regard to:

                              (i)  the nature of the bulletin or program; and

                             (ii)  the circumstances in which the bulletin or program is provided;

                            it would be concluded that the licensee did not intend that the bulletin or program be combined with one or more other bulletins or programs in such a way that the bulletins or programs together constitute a bulletin or program longer than 10 minutes.

             (3)  The condition set out in subclause (1) does not prevent the licensee from transmitting a bulletin or program, so long as:

                     (a)  the bulletin or program is not a presenter‑based bulletin or program; and

                     (b)  one of the following applies:

                              (i)  the bulletin or program consists of a single item of news (including a single item of sports news);

                             (ii)  the bulletin or program is a financial, market or business information bulletin or program that deals with a single topic;

                           (iia)  the bulletin or program is a compilation of items, the subject of which is the same or directly related, and is not longer than 10 minutes;

                            (iii)  the bulletin or program is a weather bulletin or program; and

                     (c)  the bulletin or program can only be accessed by an end‑user who makes a selection from an on‑screen menu.

             (4)  In this clause:

presenter‑based bulletin or program means a bulletin or program that consists of, or includes, a combination of:

                     (a)  introductory or closing segments, or both, spoken by a host, or an anchor presenter, who is visible on the screen; and

                     (b)  video images (whether or not with accompanying sound).

             (5)  If, because of subclause (2) or (3) of this clause, a datacasting licensee can transmit matter without breaching the condition set out in subclause (1) of this clause, the condition set out in subclause 14(1) does not prevent the licensee from transmitting that matter.

17  Genre conditions do not apply to Parliamentary proceedings etc.

                   The conditions set out in clauses 14 and 16 do not prevent a datacasting licensee from transmitting live matter that consists of:

                     (a)  the proceedings of, or the proceedings of a committee of, a Parliament; or

                     (b)  the proceedings of a court or tribunal in Australia; or

                     (c)  the proceedings of an official inquiry or Royal Commission in Australia; or

                     (d)  a hearing conducted by a body established for a public purpose by a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory.

18  Genre conditions do not apply to matter that consists of no more than text or still visual images etc.

             (1)  The conditions set out in clauses 14 and 16 do not prevent a datacasting licensee from transmitting matter that consists of no more than:

                     (a)  text; or

                     (b)  text accompanied by associated sounds; or

                     (c)  still visual images; or

                     (d)  still visual images accompanied by associated sounds; or

                     (e)  any combination of matter covered by the above paragraphs; or

                      (f)  any combination of:

                              (i)  matter that is covered by any of the above paragraphs (the basic matter); and

                             (ii)  animated images (with or without associated sounds);

                            where:

                            (iii)  having regard to the substance of the animated images, it would be concluded that the animated images are ancillary or incidental to the basic matter; or

                            (iv)  the animated images consist of advertising or sponsorship material.

             (2)  In determining the meaning of the expressions television or television program, when used in a provision of this Act, subclause (1) is to be disregarded.

18A  Genre conditions do not apply to advertising or sponsorship material

                   The conditions set out in clauses 14 and 16 do not prevent a datacasting licensee from transmitting advertising or sponsorship material.

19  Genre conditions do not apply to interactive computer games

             (1)  The conditions set out in clauses 14 and 16 do not prevent a datacasting licensee from providing an interactive computer game.

             (2)  In determining the meaning of the expressions television or television program, when used in a provision of this Act, subclause (1) is to be disregarded.

20  Genre conditions do not apply to internet carriage services or ordinary email

             (1)  The conditions set out in clauses 14 and 16 do not apply to:

                     (a)  the transmission of so much of a datacasting service as consists of an internet carriage service (other than a declared internet carriage service); or

                     (b)  the transmission of ordinary email.

             (2)  In determining the meaning of the expressions television or television program, when used in a provision of this Act, subclause (1) is to be disregarded.

20AA  Genre conditions do not apply to certain content copied from the internet

             (1)  The conditions set out in clauses 14 and 16 do not apply to the transmission of matter if:

                     (a)  the matter is content that has been copied from the internet; and

                     (b)  the content is selected by the datacasting licensee concerned; and

                     (c)  there is in force an exemption order under subclause 27A(1) in relation to the transmission of the matter.

             (2)  In determining the meaning of the expressions television or television program, when used in a provision of this Act, subclause (1) is to be disregarded.

Division 2Audio content condition

21  Audio content condition

             (1)  Each datacasting licence is subject to the condition that the licensee will not transmit matter that, if it were broadcast on a commercial radio broadcasting service, would be a designated radio program.

Designated radio program

             (2)  For the purposes of this clause, a designated radio program is a radio program other than:

                     (a)  an information‑only program; or

                     (b)  an educational program; or

                     (c)  a foreign‑language news or current affairs program.

             (3)  Subclause (2) has effect subject to subclauses (4) and (5).

ACMA determinations

             (4)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, make a determination providing that, for the purposes of this clause, a specified radio program or specified matter is taken to be a designated radio program.

             (5)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, make a determination providing that, for the purposes of this clause, a specified radio program or specified matter is taken not to be a designated radio program.

             (6)  A determination under subclause (4) or (5) has effect accordingly.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 13(3) of the Legislation Act 2003.

Condition does not apply to incidental or background audio content

          (8A)  The condition set out in subclause (1) does not apply to the transmission of audio content that is incidental to, or provided as background to, matter displayed on the screen.

Condition does not apply to internet carriage services

             (9)  The condition set out in subclause (1) does not apply to the transmission of so much of a datacasting service as consists of an internet carriage service (other than a declared internet carriage service).

Condition does not apply to certain content copied from the internet

           (10)  The condition set out in subclause (1) does not apply to the transmission of matter if:

                     (a)  the matter is content that has been copied from the internet; and

                     (b)  the content is selected by the datacasting licensee concerned; and

                     (c)  there is in force an exemption order under subclause 27A(1) in relation to the transmission of the matter.

22  Audio content condition does not apply to Parliamentary proceedings etc.

                   The condition set out in clause 21 does not prevent a datacasting licensee from transmitting live audio content that consists of:

                     (a)  the proceedings of, or the proceedings of a committee of, a Parliament; or

                     (b)  the proceedings of a court or tribunal in Australia; or

                     (c)  the proceedings of an official inquiry or Royal Commission in Australia; or

                     (d)  a hearing conducted by a body established for a public purpose by a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory.

23  Audio content condition does not apply to matter that consists of no more than text or still visual images etc.

             (1)  The condition set out in clause 21 does not prevent a datacasting licensee from transmitting matter that consists of no more than:

                     (a)  text; or

                     (b)  text accompanied by associated sounds; or

                     (c)  still visual images; or

                     (d)  still visual images accompanied by associated sounds; or

                     (e)  any combination of matter covered by the above paragraphs; or

                      (f)  any combination of:

                              (i)  matter that is covered by any of the above paragraphs (the basic matter); and

                             (ii)  animated images (with or without associated sounds);

                            where:

                            (iii)  having regard to the substance of the animated images, it would be concluded that the animated images are ancillary or incidental to the basic matter; or

                            (iv)  the animated images consist of advertising or sponsorship material.

             (2)  In determining the meaning of the expressions radio or radio program, when used in a provision of this Act, subclause (1) is to be disregarded.

23A  Audio content condition does not apply to advertising or sponsorship material

                   The condition set out in clause 21 does not prevent a datacasting licensee from transmitting advertising or sponsorship material.

Division 2AGenre conditions: anti‑avoidance

23B  Anti‑avoidance—declared internet carriage services

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the whole or a part of a datacasting service provided under a datacasting licence consists of an internet carriage service; and

                     (b)  one or more persons enter into, begin to carry out, or carry out, a scheme; and

                     (c)  the ACMA is of the opinion that the person, or any of the persons, who entered into, began to carry out, or carried out, the scheme did so for the sole or dominant purpose of avoiding the application to the licensee of Division 1 or 2;

the ACMA may, by writing, determine that, for the purposes of the application of this Schedule to the licensee, the internet carriage service is a declared internet carriage service.

             (2)  The person, or any of the persons, referred to in paragraphs (1)(b) and (c) may be the licensee.

             (3)  A determination under subclause (1) has effect accordingly.

             (4)  In this clause:

scheme means:

                     (a)  any agreement, arrangement, understanding, promise or undertaking, whether express or implied and whether or not enforceable, or intended to be enforceable, by legal proceedings; or

                     (b)  any scheme, plan, proposal, action, course of action or course of conduct, whether there are 2 or more parties or only one party involved.

Division 3Other conditions

24  General conditions

             (1)  Each datacasting licence is subject to the following conditions:

                     (a)  the licensee will comply with the requirements of clauses 3, 3A, 4 and 5 of Schedule 2 (as modified by subclause (4) of this clause);

                     (b)  the licensee will not, in contravention of the Tobacco Advertising Prohibition Act 1992, transmit a tobacco advertisement within the meaning of that Act;

                     (c)  the licensee will comply with standards applicable to the licence under clause 31;

                    (ca)  the licensee will comply with any standards under section 130A (which deals with technical standards for digital transmission);

                     (d)  the licensee will not use the datacasting service in the commission of an offence against another Act or a law of a State or Territory;

                     (e)  the licensee will not transmit datacasting content that has been classified as RC or X 18+ by the Classification Board;

                      (f)  the licensee will not transmit datacasting content that has been classified R 18+ by the Classification Board unless:

                              (i)  the content has been modified as mentioned in paragraph 28(4)(b); or

                             (ii)  access to the program is subject to a restricted access system (within the meaning of clause 27);

                     (g)  the licensee will comply with subsection 130V(1) (which deals with industry standards);

                     (h)  if the whole or a part of the datacasting service consists of an internet carriage service—the licensee will comply with a service provider rule (within the meaning of the Online Safety Act 2021) that is applicable to the licensee in relation to the internet carriage service;

                      (i)  the licensee will not use the part of the radiofrequency spectrum covered by paragraph (b) of the definition of broadcasting services bands in subsection 6(1) to provide a datacasting service under the licence.

             (2)  The conditions set out in paragraphs (1)(a), (c), (e) and (f) do not apply in relation to:

                     (a)  the transmission of so much of a datacasting service as consists of an internet carriage service; or

                     (b)  the transmission of ordinary email.

             (3)  The condition set out in paragraph (1)(b) does not apply in relation to the transmission of ordinary email.

             (4)  Clauses 3, 3A, 4 and 5 of Schedule 2 apply to datacasting services provided under datacasting licences in a corresponding way to the way in which those clauses apply to broadcasting services, and, in particular, those clauses have effect as if:

                     (a)  a reference in those clauses to a person providing broadcasting services under a class licence included a reference to a person who is a datacasting licensee; and

                     (b)  a reference in those clauses to a broadcasting service included a reference to a datacasting service; and

                     (c)  a reference in those clauses to broadcast included a reference to provide on a datacasting service; and

                     (d)  subclause 4(2) of Schedule 2 were not applicable to political matter provided under a datacasting licence, where the political matter consists of no more than:

                              (i)  text; or

                             (ii)  still visual images; or

                            (iii)  any combination of matter covered by the above subparagraphs; and

                     (e)  clause 4 of Schedule 2 also provided that, if a datacasting licensee provides on a datacasting service, at the request of another person, political matter that consists of no more than:

                              (i)  text; or

                             (ii)  still visual images; or

                            (iii)  any combination of matter covered by the above subparagraphs;

                            the licensee must also cause to be displayed to end‑users the required particulars in relation to the political matter in a form approved in writing by the ACMA.

             (5)  Subclause (4) does not apply to:

                     (a)  the transmission of so much of a datacasting service as consists of an internet carriage service; or

                     (b)  the transmission of ordinary email.

25  Suitability condition

             (1)  Each datacasting licence is subject to the condition that the licensee will remain a suitable licensee.

             (2)  For the purposes of this clause, a person is a suitable licensee if the ACMA has not decided that subclause (3) applies to the person.

             (3)  The ACMA may, if it is satisfied that allowing a particular person to provide, or continue to provide, datacasting services under a datacasting licence would lead to a significant risk of:

                     (a)  an offence against this Act or the regulations being committed; or

                     (b)  a breach of the conditions of the licence occurring;

decide that this subclause applies to the person.

             (4)  In deciding whether such a risk exists, the ACMA is to take into account:

                     (a)  the business record of the person; and

                     (b)  the person’s record in situations requiring trust and candour; and

                     (c)  the business record of each person who is in a position to control the licence; and

                     (d)  the record in situations requiring trust and candour of each such person; and

                     (e)  whether the first‑mentioned person, or a person referred to in paragraph (c) or (d), has been convicted of an offence against this Act or the regulations.

             (5)  This clause does not affect the operation of Part VIIC of the Crimes Act 1914 (which includes provisions that, in certain circumstances, relieve persons from the requirement to disclose spent convictions and require persons aware of such convictions to disregard them).

26  Additional conditions imposed by the ACMA

             (1)  The ACMA may, by written notice given to a datacasting licensee:

                     (a)  impose an additional condition on the licence; or

                     (b)  vary or revoke a condition of the licence imposed under this clause.

             (2)  If the ACMA proposes to vary or revoke a condition or to impose a new condition, the ACMA must:

                     (a)  give to the licensee written notice of its intention; and

                     (b)  give to the licensee a reasonable opportunity to make representations to the ACMA in relation to the proposed action; and

                     (c)  make the proposed changes available on the internet.

             (3)  Action taken under subclause (1) must not be inconsistent with conditions set out in:

                     (a)  clause 14; or

                     (b)  clause 16; or

                     (c)  clause 21; or

                     (d)  clause 24; or

                     (e)  clause 25.

             (4)  Conditions of datacasting licences varied or imposed by the ACMA must be relevant to the datacasting services to which those licences relate.

             (5)  Without limiting the range of conditions that may be imposed, the ACMA may impose a condition on a datacasting licensee:

                     (a)  requiring the licensee to comply with a code of practice that is applicable to the licensee; or

                     (b)  designed to ensure that a breach of a condition by the licensee does not recur.

ACMA to maintain Register of conditions

             (6)  The ACMA is to maintain a register in which it includes particulars of:

                     (a)  conditions imposed under this clause; and

                     (b)  variations of conditions under this clause; and

                     (c)  revocations of conditions under this clause.

             (7)  The Register may be maintained by electronic means.

             (8)  The Register is to be made available for inspection on the internet.

27  Restricted access system

             (1)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, declare that a specified access‑control system is a restricted access system for the purposes of this Division. A declaration under this subclause has effect accordingly.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 13(3) of the Legislation Act 2003.

             (2)  In making an instrument under subclause (1), the ACMA must have regard to:

                     (a)  the objective of protecting children from exposure to matter that is unsuitable for children; and

                     (b)  such other matters (if any) as the ACMA considers relevant.

Division 4Exemption orders for content copied from the internet

27A  Exemption orders in relation to content copied from the internet

             (1)  If the ACMA is satisfied that:

                     (a)  matter is proposed to be transmitted by a datacasting licensee; and

                     (b)  the matter is content that is proposed to be copied from the internet; and

                     (c)  the content is proposed to be selected by the datacasting licensee; and

                     (d)  if it were assumed that clause 20AA and subclause 21(10) had not been enacted:

                              (i)  any breach of the conditions set out in clauses 14 and 16 and subclause 21(1) that would arise from the transmission of the matter would be of a minor, infrequent or incidental nature; or

                             (ii)  the transmission of the matter would not be contrary to the purpose of clauses 14, 16 and 21;

the ACMA may, by writing, make an exemption order in relation to the transmission of the matter.

             (2)  If the ACMA receives a request from a datacasting licensee to make an exemption order in relation to the transmission of matter by the licensee, the ACMA must use its best endeavours to make that decision within 28 days after the request was made.

Part 4Codes of practice

  

28  Development of codes of practice

             (1)  The Parliament intends that:

                     (a)  a group that the ACMA is satisfied represents datacasting licensees should develop codes of practice that are to be applicable to the datacasting operations of datacasting licensees; and

                     (b)  those codes of practice should be developed:

                              (i)  in consultation with the ACMA; and

                             (ii)  taking account of any relevant research conducted by the ACMA.

Content of codes of practice

             (2)  Codes of practice may relate to:

                     (a)  preventing the transmission of matter that, in accordance with community standards, is not suitable to be transmitted by datacasting licensees; and

                     (b)  methods of ensuring that the protection of children from exposure to datacasting content which may be harmful to them is a high priority; and

                     (c)  methods of classifying datacasting content that reflect community standards; and

                     (d)  promoting accuracy and fairness in datacasting content that consists of news or current affairs; and

                     (e)  preventing the transmission of datacasting content that:

                              (i)  simulates news or events in a way that misleads or alarms end‑users; or

                             (ii)  depicts the actual process of putting a person into a hypnotic state; or

                            (iii)  is designed to induce a hypnotic state in end‑users; or

                            (iv)  uses or involves the process known as subliminal perception or any other technique that attempts to convey information to end‑users by transmitting messages below or near the threshold of normal awareness; and

                      (f)  datacasting content that consists of:

                              (i)  advertising; or

                             (ii)  sponsorship announcements; and

                     (g)  methods of:

                              (i)  handling complaints from the public about datacasting content or compliance with codes of practice; and

                             (ii)  reporting to the ACMA on complaints so made; and

                     (h)  in a case where there are customers of datacasting licensees—dealings with those customers, including methods of billing, fault repair, privacy and credit management; and

                      (i)  such other matters relating to datacasting content as are of concern to the community.

Classification etc.

             (3)  In developing codes of practice relating to matters referred to in paragraphs (2)(a) and (c), community attitudes to the following matters are to be taken into account:

                     (a)  the portrayal in datacasting content of physical and psychological violence;

                     (b)  the portrayal in datacasting content of sexual conduct and nudity;

                     (c)  the use in datacasting content of offensive language;

                     (d)  the portrayal in datacasting content of the use of drugs, including alcohol and tobacco;

                     (e)  the portrayal in datacasting content of matter that is likely to incite or perpetuate hatred against, or vilifies, any person or group on the basis of ethnicity, nationality, race, gender, sexual orientation, age, religion or physical or mental disability;

                      (f)  such other matters relating to datacasting content as are of concern to the community.

             (4)  In developing codes of practice referred to in paragraph (2)(a), (b) or (c), the group that the ACMA is satisfied represents datacasting licensees must ensure that:

                     (a)  for the purpose of classifying films—those codes apply the film classification system administered by the Classification Board; and

                     (b)  those codes provide for methods of modifying films having particular classifications under that system so that the films are suitable to be transmitted; and

                     (c)  those codes provide for the provision of advice to consumers on the reasons for films receiving a particular classification; and

                     (d)  for the purpose of classifying interactive computer games—those codes apply the computer games classification system administered by the Classification Board; and

                     (e)  those codes provide for the provision of advice to consumers on the reasons for interactive computer games receiving a particular classification; and

                      (f)  for the purpose of classifying content (other than films or interactive computer games)—those codes apply the film classification system administered by the Classification Board in a corresponding way to the way in which that system applies to films; and

                     (g)  those codes provide for methods of modifying content (other than films or interactive computer games) having particular classifications under that system (as correspondingly applied) so that the content is suitable to be transmitted; and

                     (h)  those codes provide for the provision of advice to consumers on the reasons for content (other than films or interactive computer games) receiving a particular classification.

             (5)  In developing codes of practice referred to in paragraph (2)(a) or (b), the group that the ACMA is satisfied represents datacasting licensees must ensure that films classified as “M” or “MA 15+” do not portray material that goes beyond the previous “AO” classification criteria.

Registration of codes of practice

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  the group that the ACMA is satisfied represents datacasting licensees develops a code of practice to be observed in the conduct of the datacasting operations of those licensees; and

                     (b)  the ACMA is satisfied that:

                              (i)  the code of practice provides appropriate community safeguards for the matters covered by the code; and

                             (ii)  the code is endorsed by a majority of datacasting licensees; and

                            (iii)  members of the public have been given an adequate opportunity to comment on the code;

the ACMA must include that code in the Register of codes of practice.

Interactive computer game

             (7)  In this clause:

interactive computer game includes a computer game within the meaning of the Classification (Publications, Films and Computer Games) Act 1995.

30  ACMA to maintain Register of codes of practice

             (1)  The ACMA is to maintain a Register in which it includes all codes of practice registered under clause 28.

             (2)  The Register may be maintained by electronic means.

             (3)  The Register is to be made available for inspection on the internet.

31  ACMA may determine standards where codes of practice fail or where no code of practice developed

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the ACMA is satisfied that there is convincing evidence that a code of practice registered under clause 28 is not operating to provide appropriate community safeguards for a matter referred to in subclause 28(2) in relation to the datacasting operations of datacasting licensees; and

                     (b)  the ACMA is satisfied that it should determine a standard in relation to that matter;

the ACMA must, by legislative instrument, determine a standard in relation to that matter.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  no code of practice has been registered under clause 28 for a matter referred to in subclause 28(2); and

                     (b)  the ACMA is satisfied that it should determine a standard in relation to that matter;

the ACMA must, by legislative instrument, determine a standard in relation to that matter.

32  Consultation on standards

                   The ACMA must, before determining, varying or revoking a standard, seek public comment on the proposed standard or the variation or revocation.

33  Notification of determination or variation or revocation of standards

             (1)  If the ACMA determines or varies or revokes a standard, the ACMA must publish a notice stating:

                     (a)  that the standard has been determined, varied or revoked; and

                     (b)  the places where copies of the standard or of the variation or revocation can be accessed.

             (2)  A notice under subclause (1) must be published:

                     (a)  on the ACMA’s website; and

                     (b)  in one or more other forms that are readily accessible by the public.

Example:    Publication in a form mentioned in paragraph (b) could be publication on a website other than the ACMA’s website.

34  Limitation of ACMA’s power in relation to standards

             (1)  The ACMA must not determine a standard that requires that, before datacasting content is transmitted, the datacasting content, or a sample of the datacasting content, be approved by the ACMA or by a person or body appointed by the ACMA.

             (2)  However, the ACMA may determine such a standard in relation to datacasting content for children.

35  This Part does not apply to internet carriage services or ordinary email

                   This Part does not apply to:

                     (a)  the transmission of so much of a datacasting service as consists of an internet carriage service; or

                     (b)  the transmission of ordinary email.

35A  This Part does not apply to the ABC or SBS

                   For the purposes of this Part, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation and the Special Broadcasting Service Corporation are taken not to be datacasting licensees.

Note:          If the Australian Broadcasting Corporation or the Special Broadcasting Service Corporation is otherwise a datacasting licensee, it is a duty of the Board of the Corporation to develop a code of practice that relates to the service provided under the licence. See paragraph 8(1)(e) of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation Act 1983 and paragraph 10(1)(j) of the Special Broadcasting Service Act 1991.

Part 5Complaints to the ACMA about datacasting services

  

36  Complaints about offences or breach of licence conditions

             (1)  If a person believes that a datacasting licensee has:

                     (a)  committed an offence against this Act or the regulations; or

                     (b)  breached a condition of the datacasting licence;

the person may make a complaint to the ACMA about the matter.

             (2)  If a person believes that another person is providing a designated datacasting service without a datacasting licence that authorises the provision of that service, the first‑mentioned person may make a complaint to the ACMA about the matter.

37  Complaints under codes of practice

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person has made a complaint to a datacasting licensee about a matter relating to:

                              (i)  datacasting content; or

                             (ii)  compliance with a code of practice that applies to the datacasting operations of datacasting licensees and that is included in the Register of codes of practice; and

                     (b)  if there is a relevant code of practice relating to the handling of complaints of that kind—the complaint was made in accordance with that code of practice; and

                     (c)  either:

                              (i)  the person has not received a response within 60 days after making the complaint; or

                             (ii)  the person has received a response within that period but considers that response to be inadequate;

the person may make a complaint to the ACMA about the matter.

             (2)  This clause does not apply to:

                     (a)  the transmission of so much of a datacasting service as consists of an internet carriage service; or

                     (b)  the transmission of ordinary email.

             (3)  Also, this clause does not apply if the datacasting licensee is the Australian Broadcasting Corporation or the Special Broadcasting Service Corporation.

Note:          Sections 150 to 153 deal with complaints about a datacasting service provided by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation or the Special Broadcasting Service Corporation.

38  Investigation of complaints by the ACMA

                   The ACMA may investigate the complaint if the ACMA thinks that it is desirable to do so.

Part 8Remedies for breaches of licensing provisions

Division 1Providing a designated datacasting service without a licence

49  Prohibition on providing a designated datacasting service without a licence

             (1)  A person commits an offence if the person:

                     (a)  intentionally provides a designated datacasting service; and

                     (b)  does not have a datacasting licence to provide the service.

Penalty:  20,000 penalty units.

             (2)  A person who contravenes subclause (1) commits a separate offence in respect of each day (including a day of a conviction for the offence or any later day) during which the contravention continues.

             (3)  A person must not provide a designated datacasting service if the person does not have a datacasting licence to provide that service.

             (4)  Subclause (3) is a civil penalty provision.

             (5)  A person who contravenes subclause (3) commits a separate contravention of that subclause in respect of each day (including a day of the making of a relevant civil penalty order or any subsequent day) during which the contravention continues.

Note 1:       For exemptions for broadcasters, see clause 51.

Note 2:       For exemptions for designated teletext services, see clause 51A.

50  Remedial directions—unlicensed datacasting services

             (1)  If the ACMA is satisfied that a person has breached, or is breaching, subclause 49(3), the ACMA may, by written notice given to the person, direct the person to take action directed towards ensuring that the person does not breach that subclause, or is unlikely to breach that subclause, in the future.

Note 1:       For exemptions for broadcasters, see clause 51.

Note 2:       For exemptions for designated teletext services, see clause 51A.

Offence

             (2)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person has been given a notice under subclause (1); and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct contravenes a requirement in the notice.

Penalty:  20,000 penalty units.

             (3)  A person who contravenes subclause (2) commits a separate offence in respect of each day (including a day of a conviction for the offence or any subsequent day) during which the contravention continues.

Civil penalty

             (4)  A person must comply with a notice under subclause (1).

             (5)  Subclause (4) is a civil penalty provision.

             (6)  A person who contravenes subclause (4) commits a separate contravention of that subclause in respect of each day (including a day of the making of a relevant civil penalty order or any subsequent day) during which the contravention continues.

Definition

             (7)  In this clause:

engage in conduct means:

                     (a)  do an act; or

                     (b)  omit to perform an act.

51  Exemption for broadcasting licensees etc.

             (1)  Clauses 49 and 50 do not apply to the provision of a broadcasting service under, and in accordance with the conditions of:

                     (a)  a licence allocated by the ACMA under this Act (other than this Schedule); or

                     (b)  a class licence.

             (2)  Clauses 49 and 50 do not apply to the provision of a national broadcasting service.

51A  Exemption for designated teletext services

                   Clauses 49 and 50 do not apply to the provision of a designated teletext service.

Division 2Breaches of licence conditions

52  Offence for breach of conditions

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is a datacasting licensee; and

                     (b)  the person intentionally engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct breaches a condition of the licence set out in clause 14, 16, 21 or 24.

Penalty:  2,000 penalty units.

             (2)  A person who contravenes subclause (1) commits a separate offence in respect of each day (including a day of a conviction for the offence or any later day) during which the contravention continues.

52A  Civil penalty provision relating to breach of conditions of datacasting licences

             (1)  A datacasting licensee must not breach a condition of the licence set out in clause 14, 16, 21 or 24.

             (2)  Subclause (1) is a civil penalty provision.

             (3)  A person who contravenes subclause (1) commits a separate contravention of that subclause in respect of each day (including a day of the making of a relevant civil penalty order or any subsequent day) during which the contravention continues.

53  Remedial directions—breach of conditions

             (1)  If a datacasting licensee has breached, or is breaching, a condition of the licence (other than the condition set out in clause 25), the ACMA may, by written notice given to the licensee, direct the licensee to take action directed towards ensuring that the licensee does not breach the condition, or is unlikely to breach the condition, in the future.

             (2)  The following are examples of the kinds of direction that may be given to a licensee under subclause (1):

                     (a)  a direction that the licensee implement effective administrative systems for monitoring compliance with a condition of the licence;

                     (b)  a direction that the licensee implement a system designed to give the licensee’s employees, agents and contractors a reasonable knowledge and understanding of the requirements of a condition of the licence, in so far as those requirements affect the employees, agents or contractors concerned.

             (3)  A person is not required to comply with a notice under subclause (1) until the end of the period specified in the notice. That period must be reasonable.

             (4)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  a person has been given a notice under subclause (1); and

                     (b)  the person intentionally engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct contravenes a requirement in the notice.

Penalty:  20,000 penalty units.

             (5)  A person who contravenes subclause (4) commits a separate offence in respect of each day (including a day of a conviction for the offence or any later day) during which the contravention continues.

             (6)  A person must comply with a notice under subclause (1).

             (7)  Subclause (6) is a civil penalty provision.

             (8)  A person who contravenes subclause (6) commits a separate contravention of that subclause in respect of each day (including a day of the making of a relevant civil penalty order or any subsequent day) during which the contravention continues.

54  Suspension and cancellation

             (1)  If a person who is a datacasting licensee:

                     (a)  fails to comply with a notice under clause 53; or

                     (b)  breaches a condition of the licence;

the ACMA may, by written notice given to the person:

                     (c)  suspend the licence for such period, not exceeding 3 months, as is specified in the notice; or

                     (d)  cancel the licence.

             (2)  If a datacasting licence is suspended because of a breach of a condition set out in clause 14, 16 or 21, the ACMA may take such action, by way of suspending one or more datacasting licences held by:

                     (a)  the licensee; or

                     (b)  a related body corporate of the licensee;

as the ACMA considers necessary to ensure that the same, or a substantially similar, datacasting service is not transmitted by the licensee or the related body corporate, as the case may be, during the period of suspension.

             (3)  If a datacasting licence is cancelled because of a breach of a condition set out in clause 14, 16 or 21, the ACMA may take such action, by way of cancelling one or more datacasting licences held by:

                     (a)  the licensee; or

                     (b)  a related body corporate of the licensee;

as the ACMA considers necessary to ensure that the same, or a substantially similar, datacasting service is not transmitted by the licensee or the related body corporate, as the case may be, at a time after the cancellation.

             (4)  If the ACMA proposes to take action against a person under subclause (1), (2) or (3), the ACMA must give to the person:

                     (a)  written notice of its intention; and

                     (b)  a reasonable opportunity to make representations to the ACMA in relation to the proposed action.

55  Injunctions

Restraining injunctions

             (1)  If a person who is a datacasting licensee has engaged, is engaging or is proposing to engage, in any conduct in contravention of a condition of the licence (other than a condition set out in clause 25), the Federal Court may, on the application of the ACMA, grant an injunction:

                     (a)  restraining the person from engaging in the conduct; and

                     (b)  if, in the court’s opinion, it is desirable to do so—requiring the person to do something.

             (2)  If a person has engaged, is engaging or is proposing to engage, in any conduct in contravention of clause 49, the Federal Court may, on the application of the ACMA, grant an injunction:

                     (a)  restraining the person from engaging in the conduct; and

                     (b)  if, in the court’s opinion, it is desirable to do so—requiring the person to do something.

Performance injunctions

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a person who is a datacasting licensee has refused or failed, or is refusing or failing, or is proposing to refuse or fail, to do an act or thing; and

                     (b)  the refusal or failure was, is or would be a contravention of a condition of the licence (other than a condition set out in clause 25);

the Federal Court may, on the application of the ACMA, grant an injunction requiring the person to do that act or thing.

56  Federal Court’s powers relating to injunctions

Grant of interim injunction

             (1)  If an application is made to the Federal Court for an injunction under clause 55, the court may, before considering the application, grant an interim injunction restraining a person from engaging in conduct of a kind referred to in that clause.

No undertakings as to damages

             (2)  The Federal Court is not to require an applicant for an injunction under clause 55, as a condition of granting an interim injunction, to give any undertakings as to damages.

Discharge etc. of injunctions

             (3)  The Federal Court may discharge or vary an injunction granted under clause 55.

Certain limits on granting injunctions do not apply

             (4)  The power of the Federal Court under clause 55 to grant an injunction restraining a person from engaging in conduct of a particular kind may be exercised:

                     (a)  if the court is satisfied that the person has engaged in conduct of that kind—whether or not it appears to the court that the person intends to engage again, or to continue to engage, in conduct of that kind; or

                     (b)  if it appears to the court that, if an injunction is not granted, it is likely that the person will engage in conduct of that kind—whether or not the person has previously engaged in conduct of that kind and whether or not there is an imminent danger of substantial damage to any person if the person engages in conduct of that kind.

             (5)  The power of the Federal Court under clause 55 to grant an injunction requiring a person to do an act or thing may be exercised:

                     (a)  if the court is satisfied that the person has refused or failed to do that act or thing—whether or not it appears to the court that the person intends to refuse or fail again, or to continue to refuse or fail, to do that act or thing; or

                     (b)  if it appears to the court that, if an injunction is not granted, it is likely that the person will refuse or fail to do that act or thing—whether or not the person has previously refused or failed to do that act or thing and whether or not there is an imminent danger of substantial damage to any person if the person refuses or fails to do that act or thing.

Other powers of the court unaffected

             (6)  The powers conferred on the Federal Court under clause 55 are in addition to, and not instead of, any other powers of the court, whether conferred by this Act or otherwise.

57  Stay of proceedings relating to additional licence conditions, remedial directions and suspension/cancellation decisions

             (1)  For the purposes of this clause, an eligible decision is:

                     (a)  a decision under clause 26 to impose or vary a condition of a datacasting licence; or

                     (b)  a decision to give a direction under clause 53 (which deals with remedial directions); or

                     (c)  a decision to suspend or cancel a datacasting licence under clause 54.

             (2)  An order must not be made under paragraph 15(1)(a) or 15A(1)(a) of the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977 in relation to an eligible decision if:

                     (a)  the order has the effect of suspending the operation of the eligible decision for more than 3 months; or

                     (b)  the order and any previous order or orders made under the paragraph concerned have the combined effect of suspending the operation of the eligible decision for more than 3 months.

             (3)  An order must not be made under paragraph 15(1)(b) or 15A(1)(b) of the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977 in relation to an eligible decision if:

                     (a)  the order has the effect of staying particular proceedings under the eligible decision for more than 3 months; or

                     (b)  the order and any previous order or orders made under the paragraph concerned have the combined effect of staying particular proceedings under the eligible decision for more than 3 months.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a person applies to the Federal Court under subsection 39B(1) of the Judiciary Act 1903 for a writ or injunction in relation to an eligible decision; and

                     (b)  an order could be made staying, or otherwise affecting the operation or implementation of, the eligible decision pending the finalisation of the application;

such an order must not be made if:

                     (c)  the order has the effect of staying, or otherwise affecting the operation or implementation of, the eligible decision for more than 3 months; or

                     (d)  the order and any previous order or orders covered by paragraph (b) have the combined effect of staying, or otherwise affecting the operation or implementation of, the eligible decision for more than 3 months.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  a person applies to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of an eligible decision; and

                     (b)  an order could be made under subsection 41(2) of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975 staying, or otherwise affecting the operation or implementation of, the eligible decision;

such an order must not be made if:

                     (c)  the order has the effect of staying, or otherwise affecting the operation or implementation of, the eligible decision for more than 3 months; or

                     (d)  the order and any previous order or orders covered by paragraph (b) have the combined effect of staying, or otherwise affecting the operation or implementation of, the eligible decision for more than 3 months.

Part 9Review of decisions

  

58  Review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal

                   An application may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for a review of a decision set out in the second column of the table made under the provision of this Schedule set out in the third column, but such an application may only be made by the person described in the fourth column.

 

Reviewable decisions

Item

Decision

Provision

Person who may apply

1

refusal to allocate datacasting licence

clause 7 or 8

the applicant

2

that a person is not a suitable applicant

subclause 9(1)

the person

2A

that an internet carriage service is a declared internet carriage service

subclause 23B(1)

the licensee

3

that a person is not a suitable licensee

subclause 25(3)

the licensee

4

Variation of datacasting licence conditions or imposition of new conditions

subclause 26(1)

the licensee

4A

refusal to make an exemption order

clause 27B

the licensee

5

refusal to include a code of practice in the Register

subclause 28(6)

the relevant industry group

8

to give or vary, or to refuse to revoke, a direction

clause 53

the licensee

9

suspension or cancellation of datacasting licence

clause 54

the licensee

59  Notification of decisions to include notification of reasons and appeal rights

                   If the ACMA makes a decision that is reviewable under clause 58, the ACMA is to include in the document by which the decision is notified:

                     (a)  a statement setting out the reasons for the decision; and

                     (b)  a statement to the effect that an application may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for a review of the decision.

Schedule 7Content services definitions

  

Note:       See section 216D.

1  Purpose of this Schedule

                   The purpose of this Schedule is to enable:

                     (a)  other Acts; and

                     (b)  other provisions of this Act;

to define certain expressions as having the same meaning as in this Schedule.

2  Definitions

                   In this Schedule:

access includes:

                     (a)  access that is subject to a pre‑condition (for example, the use of a password); and

                     (b)  access by way of push technology; and

                     (c)  access by way of a standing request.

adult chat service means a chat service where, having regard to any or all of the following:

                     (a)  the name of the chat service;

                     (b)  the way in which the chat service is advertised or promoted;

                     (c)  the reputation of the chat service;

it would be concluded that the majority of the content accessed by end‑users of the chat service is reasonably likely to be content that is class 1 material or content that is class 2 material covered by paragraph 107(1)(a), (b), (c), (d) or (e) of the Online Safety Act 2021.

carriage service has the same meaning as in the Telecommunications Act 1997.

class 1 material has the same meaning as in the Online Safety Act 2021.

class 2 material has the same meaning as in the Online Safety Act 2021.

commercial content service means a content service that:

                     (a)  is operated for profit or as part of a profit‑making enterprise; and

                     (b)  is provided to the public but only on payment of a fee (whether periodical or otherwise).

content means content:

                     (a)  whether in the form of text; or

                     (b)  whether in the form of data; or

                     (c)  whether in the form of speech, music or other sounds; or

                     (d)  whether in the form of visual images (animated or otherwise); or

                     (e)  whether in any other form; or

                      (f)  whether in any combination of forms.

content service means:

                     (a)  a service that delivers content to persons having equipment appropriate for receiving that content, where the delivery of the service is by means of a carriage service; or

                     (b)  a service that allows end‑users to access content using a carriage service;

but does not include:

                     (c)  a licensed broadcasting service; or

                     (d)  a national broadcasting service; or

                     (e)  a re‑transmitted broadcasting service; or

                      (f)  a licensed datacasting service; or

                     (g)  a re‑transmitted datacasting service; or

                     (h)  an exempt Parliamentary content service; or

                      (i)  an exempt court/tribunal content service; or

                      (j)  an exempt official‑inquiry content service; or

                     (k)  an exempt point‑to‑point content service; or

                      (l)  an exempt internet directory service; or

                    (m)  an exempt internet search engine service; or

                     (n)  a service that enables end‑users to communicate, by means of voice calls, with other end‑users; or

                     (o)  a service that enables end‑users to communicate, by means of video calls, with other end‑users; or

                     (p)  a service that enables end‑users to communicate, by means of email, with other end‑users; or

                     (q)  an instant messaging service that:

                              (i)  enables end‑users to communicate with other end‑users; and

                             (ii)  is not an adult chat service; or

                      (r)  an SMS service that:

                              (i)  enables end‑users to communicate with other end‑users; and

                             (ii)  is not an adult chat service; or

                      (s)  an MMS service that:

                              (i)  enables end‑users to communicate with other end‑users; and

                             (ii)  is not an adult chat service; or

                      (t)  a service that delivers content by fax; or

                     (u)  an exempt data storage service; or

                     (v)  an exempt back‑up service; or

                     (x)  a service specified in the regulations.

Note 1:       SMS is short for short message service.

Note 2:       MMS is short for multimedia message service.

Note 3:       For specification by class, see subsection 13(3) of the Legislation Act 2003.

content service provider means a person who provides a content service.

Note:          See clause 5.

court/tribunal proceedings means words spoken and acts done in the course of, or for purposes of or incidental to, the transacting of the business of a court or a tribunal, and includes:

                     (a)  evidence given before the court or tribunal; and

                     (b)  a document presented or submitted to the court or tribunal; and

                     (c)  a document issued or published by, or with the authority of, the court or tribunal.

exempt back‑up service means a back‑up service, where each end‑user’s access is restricted to the end‑user’s backed‑up content.

exempt court/tribunal content service means a service to the extent to which it delivers, or provides access to, content that consists of court/tribunal proceedings.

exempt data storage service means a data storage service, where each end‑user’s access is restricted to the end‑user’s stored content.

exempt internet directory service means an internet directory service that:

                     (a)  does not specialise in providing links to, or information about, websites that specialise in content that is class 1 material or content that is class 2 material covered by paragraph 107(1)(a), (b), (c), (d) or (e) of the Online Safety Act 2021; and

                     (b)  is not a service specified in the regulations; and

                     (c)  complies with such other requirements (if any) as are specified in the regulations.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 13(3) of the Legislation Act 2003.

exempt internet search engine service means an internet search engine service that:

                     (a)  does not specialise in providing links to, or information about, websites that specialise in content that is class 1 material or content that is class 2 material covered by paragraph 107(1)(a), (b), (c), (d) or (e) of the Online Safety Act 2021; and

                     (b)  is not a service specified in the regulations; and

                     (c)  complies with such other requirements (if any) as are specified in the regulations.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 13(3) of the Legislation Act 2003.

exempt official‑inquiry content service means a service to the extent to which it delivers, or provides access to, content that consists of official‑inquiry proceedings.

exempt Parliamentary content service means a service to the extent to which it delivers, or provides access to, content that consists of Parliamentary proceedings.

exempt point‑to‑point content service means a service that:

                     (a)  delivers content by:

                              (i)  email; or

                             (ii)  instant messaging; or

                            (iii)  SMS; or

                            (iv)  MMS;

                            where the content is produced or packaged by the provider of the service; and

                     (b)  does not specialise in content that is content that is class 1 material or content that is class 2 material covered by paragraph 107(1)(a), (b), (c), (d) or (e) of the Online Safety Act 2021; and

                     (c)  is not an adult chat service; and

                     (d)  is not provided on payment of a fee (whether periodical or otherwise); and

                     (e)  is not a service specified in the regulations; and

                      (f)  complies with such other requirements (if any) as are specified in the regulations.

Note 1:       SMS is short for short message service.

Note 2:       MMS is short for multimedia message service.

Note 3:       For specification by class, see subsection 13(3) of the Legislation Act 2003.

licensed broadcasting service means a broadcasting service provided in accordance with:

                     (a)  a licence allocated by the ACMA under this Act; or

                     (b)  a class licence determined by the ACMA under this Act.

licensed datacasting service means a datacasting service provided by the holder of a datacasting licence that authorises the provision of that service.

official‑inquiry proceedings means words spoken and acts done in the course of, or for purposes of or incidental to, the transacting of the business of:

                     (a)  a Royal Commission; or

                     (b)  an official inquiry;

and includes:

                     (c)  evidence given before the Royal Commission or official inquiry; and

                     (d)  a document presented or submitted to the Royal Commission or official inquiry; and

                     (e)  a document issued or published by, or with the authority of, the Royal Commission or official inquiry.

Parliamentary proceedings means words spoken and acts done in the course of, or for purposes of or incidental to, the transacting of the business of:

                     (a)  a Parliament; or

                     (b)  a legislature; or

                     (c)  a committee of a Parliament or legislature;

and includes:

                     (d)  evidence given before the Parliament, legislature or committee; and

                     (e)  a document presented or submitted to the Parliament, legislature or committee; and

                      (f)  a document issued or published by, or with the authority of, the Parliament, legislature or committee.

re‑transmitted broadcasting service has the meaning given by clause 12.

re‑transmitted datacasting service has the meaning given by clause 13.

service includes a website or a distinct part of a website.

voice call includes:

                     (a)  if a voice call is not practical for a particular end‑user with a disability—a call that is equivalent to a voice call; and

                     (b)  a call that involves a recorded or synthetic voice.

5  Content service provider

             (1)  For the purposes of this Schedule, a person does not provide a content service merely because the person supplies a carriage service that enables content to be delivered or accessed.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Schedule, a person does not provide a content service merely because the person provides a billing service, or a fee collection service, in relation to a content service.

7  When content service is provided to the public etc.

             (1)  For the purposes of this Schedule, a content service is provided to the public if, and only if, the service is provided to at least one person outside the immediate circle of the person who provides the service.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Schedule, a content service that is provided to the public is taken to be different from a content service that is not provided to the public, even if the content provided by the services is identical.

9  Services supplied by way of a voice call or video call

                   If a service is supplied by way of:

                     (a)  a voice call made using a carriage service; or

                     (b)  a video call made using a carriage service;

the service is taken, for the purposes of this Schedule, to be a content service that allows end‑users to access the relevant content using the carriage service.

12  Re‑transmitted broadcasting services

             (1)  For the purposes of this Schedule, a service is a re‑transmitted broadcasting service if the service does no more than:

                     (a)  re‑transmit programs that have been previously transmitted by a licensed broadcasting service; or

                     (b)  re‑transmit programs that have been previously transmitted by a national broadcasting service.

             (2)  In determining whether a service is a re‑transmitted broadcasting service:

                     (a)  ignore any changes to the format in which the programs are transmitted; and

                     (b)  ignore any advertising or sponsorship matter; and

                     (c)  ignore such other matters (if any) as are specified in the regulations.

13  Re‑transmitted datacasting services

             (1)  For the purposes of this Schedule, a service is a re‑transmitted datacasting service if the service does no more than re‑transmit datacasting content that has been previously transmitted by a licensed datacasting service.

             (2)  In determining whether a service is a re‑transmitted datacasting service:

                     (a)  ignore any changes to the format in which the datacasting content is transmitted; and

                     (b)  ignore any advertising or sponsorship matter; and

                     (c)  ignore such other matters (if any) as are specified in the regulations.

17  Extended meaning of use

                   Unless the contrary intention appears, a reference in this Schedule to the use of a thing is a reference to the use of the thing either:

                     (a)  in isolation; or

                     (b)  in conjunction with one or more other things.

Schedule 8Online content services

Note:       See section 216E.

Part 1Introduction

  

1  Simplified outline of this Schedule

•      The ACMA may make online content service provider rules about gambling promotional content provided on an online content service in conjunction with live coverage of a sporting event.

•      The ACMA may exempt an online content service, or an online content service provider, from the online content service provider rules.

•      If an online content service provider contravenes the online content service provider rules, the provider may become liable to pay a civil penalty.

•      The ACMA may give a remedial direction to an online content service provider if the provider contravenes the online content service provider rules.

2  Definitions

                   In this Schedule:

access includes:

                     (a)  access that is subject to a pre‑condition (for example, the use of a password); and

                     (b)  access by way of push technology; and

                     (c)  access by way of a standing request.

account includes:

                     (a)  a free account; and

                     (b)  a pre‑paid account; and

                     (c)  anything that may reasonably be regarded as the equivalent of an account.

Australia, when used in a geographical sense, includes all the external Territories.

bet includes wager.

commentator betting odds promotion means gambling promotional content to the extent to which it consists of the provision of betting odds (however described) by a commentator.

conclusion, in relation to a sporting event, has a meaning affected by clause 23.

content means content:

                     (a)  whether in the form of text; or

                     (b)  whether in the form of data; or

                     (c)  whether in the form of speech, music or other sounds; or

                     (d)  whether in the form of visual images (animated or otherwise); or

                     (e)  whether in any other form; or

                      (f)  whether in any combination of forms.

coverage means coverage that involves either or both of the following:

                     (a)  animated visual images;

                     (b)  audio.

exempt online simulcast service has the meaning given by clause 4.

gambling promotional content means:

                     (a)  advertising content; or

                     (b)  sponsorship content; or

                     (c)  promotional content;

that relates to a gambling service.

gambling service has the meaning given by clause 18.

gambling service provider means a person who provides a gambling service.

game includes an electronic game.

geographical link to Australia has the meaning given by clause 5.

immediate circle has the same meaning as in the Telecommunications Act 1997.

in conjunction with, when used in relation to live coverage of a sporting event, has the meaning given by clause 21.

internet carriage service has the same meaning as in the Online Safety Act 2021.

live, in relation to coverage of a sporting event, means:

                     (a)  live (within the ordinary meaning of that expression); or

                     (b)  delayed, so long as the coverage:

                              (i)  is provided as if it were live (within the ordinary meaning of that expression); and

                             (ii)  begins no later than the conclusion of the sporting event.

lottery includes an electronic lottery.

online content service has the meaning given by clause 3.

online content service provider means a person who provides an online content service.

Note:          See clause 6.

online content service provider rules means rules made under clause 11.

provided on an online content service has the meaning given by clause 7.

provided to the public, in relation to a service, has the meaning given by clause 8.

representative venue‑based promotion means gambling promotional content to the extent to which it consists of:

                     (a)  visual images (whether animated or otherwise) of a representative of a gambling service provider; or

                     (b)  speech of a representative of a gambling service provider;

where those visual images, or that speech, as the case may be, gives the impression that the representative is at, or around, the venue of a sporting event.

scheduled start, in relation to a sporting event, has a meaning affected by clause 22.

service includes a website.

Note:          See also clause 17.

sporting event has a meaning affected by clause 19.

ticket includes an electronic ticket.

using has a meaning affected by clause 9.

voice call includes:

                     (a)  if a voice call is not practical for a particular end‑user with a disability—a call that is equivalent to a voice call; and

                     (b)  a call that involves a recorded or synthetic voice.

3  Online content service

             (1)  For the purposes of this Schedule, online content service means:

                     (a)  a service that delivers content to persons having equipment appropriate for receiving that content, where the delivery of the service is by means of an internet carriage service; or

                     (b)  a service that allows end‑users to access content using an internet carriage service;

where the service:

                     (c)  is provided to the public (whether on payment of a fee or otherwise); and

                     (d)  has a geographical link to Australia;

but does not include a service to the extent to which it is:

                     (e)  an exempt online simulcast service; or

                      (f)  an exempt Parliamentary content service (within the meaning of Schedule 7); or

                     (g)  an exempt court/tribunal content service (within the meaning of Schedule 7); or

                     (h)  an exempt official‑inquiry content service (within the meaning of Schedule 7); or

                      (i)  a service that enables end‑users to communicate, by means of voice calls, with other end‑users; or

                      (j)  a service that enables end‑users to communicate, by means of video calls, with other end‑users; or

                     (k)  a service that enables end‑users to communicate, by means of email, with other end‑users; or

                      (l)  an instant messaging service that enables end‑users to communicate with other end‑users; or

                    (m)  an SMS service that enables end‑users to communicate with other end‑users; or

                     (n)  an MMS service that enables end‑users to communicate with other end‑users; or

                     (o)  a service that delivers content by fax; or

                     (p)  an exempt data storage service (within the meaning of Schedule 7); or

                     (q)  an exempt back‑up service (within the meaning of Schedule 7); or

                      (r)  a service determined under subclause (2).

Note 1:       SMS is short for short message service.

Note 2:       MMS is short for multimedia message service.

             (2)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, determine one or more services for the purposes of paragraph (1)(r).

4  Exempt online simulcast service

             (1)  For the purposes of this Schedule, exempt online simulcast service means a service, or a part of a service, that is provided to end‑users using an internet carriage service, and that:

                     (a)  does no more than provide a stream of content that is identical to the stream of programs transmitted on:

                              (i)  a commercial television broadcasting service provided under a commercial television broadcasting licence; or

                             (ii)  a commercial radio broadcasting service provided under a commercial radio broadcasting licence; or

                            (iii)  a subscription television broadcasting service provided under a subscription television broadcasting licence; or

                            (iv)  a subscription radio narrowcasting service; or

                             (v)  a subscription television narrowcasting service; or

                            (vi)  a broadcasting service provided by the Special Broadcasting Service Corporation; and

                     (b)  provides that stream of content simultaneously, or almost simultaneously, with the transmission of that stream of programs.

             (2)  For the purposes of subclause (1), in determining whether a stream of content is identical to a stream of programs, disregard any differences that are attributable to the technical characteristics of the provision or transmission (for example, video resolution or sound quality).

             (3)  For the purposes of subclause (1), in determining whether a stream of content is identical to a stream of programs, disregard the presence or absence of:

                     (a)  a watermark‑type logo; or

                     (b)  a watermark‑type insignia;

that is not gambling promotional content.

5  Geographical link to Australia

             (1)  For the purposes of this Schedule, a service has a geographical link to Australia if an ordinary reasonable person would conclude that:

                     (a)  the service is targeted at individuals who are physically present in Australia; or

                     (b)  any of the content provided on the service is likely to appeal to the public, or a section of the public, in Australia.

             (2)  For the purposes of this clause, content is provided on a service if the content is:

                     (a)  delivered by the service; or

                     (b)  accessible to end‑users using the service.

6  Online content service provider

             (1)  For the purposes of this Schedule, a person does not provide an online content service merely because the person supplies an internet carriage service that enables content to be delivered or accessed.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Schedule, a person does not provide an online content service merely because the person provides a billing service, or a fee collection service, in relation to an online content service.

7  When content is provided on an online content service

             (1)  For the purposes of this Schedule, content is provided on an online content service if the content is:

                     (a)  delivered by the online content service; or

                     (b)  accessible to end‑users using the online content service.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Schedule, content is provided on an online content service to an end‑user if the content is:

                     (a)  delivered to the end‑user by the online content service; or

                     (b)  accessible to the end‑user using the online content service.

8  When a service is provided to the public etc.

             (1)  For the purposes of this Schedule, a service is provided to the public if, and only if, the service is provided to at least one person outside the immediate circle of the person who provides the service.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Schedule, a service that is provided to the public is taken to be different from a service that is not provided to the public, even if the content provided on the services is identical.

9  Extended meaning of using

                   A reference in this Schedule to using a thing is a reference to using the thing either:

                     (a)  in isolation; or

                     (b)  in conjunction with one or more other things.

10  Extra‑territorial application

                   This Schedule extends to acts, omissions, matters and things outside Australia.

Part 2Online content service provider rules

  

11  Online content service provider rules

                   The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, make rules (the online content service provider rules) prescribing matters required or permitted by this Act to be prescribed by the online content service provider rules.

12  Administrative decisions

                   The online content service provider rules may make provision for or in relation to a particular matter by empowering the ACMA to make decisions of an administrative character.

Part 3Gambling promotional content

Division 1Online content service provider rules relating to gambling promotional content

13  Gambling promotional content

Prohibiting or regulating gambling promotional content

             (1)  The online content service provider rules may make provision for or in relation to prohibiting or regulating gambling promotional content provided on online content services in conjunction with live coverage of a sporting event.

Note:          See also subsection 33(3A) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

Explanatory content

             (2)  The online content service provider rules may make provision for or in relation to requiring online content services providers to ensure that, if:

                     (a)  the provider provides an online content service; and

                     (b)  content that consists of live coverage of a sporting event is, or is to be, provided on the service;

explanatory content that relates to the following is provided on the service:

                     (c)  whether online content service provider rules made for the purposes of subclause (1) apply in relation to that live coverage;

                     (d)  if so, how those rules apply in relation to that live coverage.

Record‑keeping

             (3)  The online content service provider rules may make provision for or in relation to requiring online content service providers to ensure that, if:

                     (a)  the provider provides an online content service; and

                     (b)  content that consists of live coverage of a sporting event is, or is to be, provided on the service;

the provider will:

                     (c)  make records that:

                              (i)  are of a kind or kinds specified in those rules; and

                             (ii)  are sufficient to enable compliance by the provider with online content service provider rules made for the purposes of subclause (1) or (2) to be readily ascertained; and

                     (d)  retain those records for the period ascertained in accordance with the first‑mentioned rules; and

                     (e)  make those retained records available to the ACMA on request.

Note:          See also subsection 33(3A) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (4)  For the purposes of subparagraph (3)(c)(i), each of the following is an example of a kind of record:

                     (a)  a written record;

                     (b)  an audio record;

                     (c)  an audio‑visual record.

End‑user physically present in Australia

             (5)  Online content service provider rules made for the purposes of subclause (1) or (2) do not apply in relation to content provided on an online content service to an end‑user unless the end‑user is physically present in Australia.

14  Accidental or incidental provision of gambling promotional content

                   The online content service provider rules do not apply in relation to the provision of gambling promotional content on an online content service if:

                     (a)  the gambling promotional content is provided as an accidental or incidental accompaniment to the provision of other content; and

                     (b)  the provider of the online content service does not receive any direct or indirect benefit (whether financial or not) for providing the gambling promotional content (in addition to any direct or indirect benefit that the provider receives for providing the other content).

15  Individual exemptions from online content service provider rules

             (1)  The ACMA may, by writing, determine that a specified online content service is exempt from online content service provider rules made for the purposes of subclause 13(1) or (2).

             (2)  The ACMA may, by writing, determine that a specified online content service is exempt from one or more specified provisions of online content service provider rules made for the purposes of subclause 13(1) or (2).

             (3)  The ACMA may, by writing, determine that a specified online content service provider is exempt from online content service provider rules made for the purposes of subclause 13(1) or (2).

             (4)  The ACMA may, by writing, determine that a specified online content service provider is exempt from one or more specified provisions of online content service provider rules made for the purposes of subclause 13(1) or (2).

Decision‑making criteria

             (5)  In deciding whether to make a determination under subclause (1) or (2) in relation to an online content service, the ACMA must have regard to:

                     (a)  whether the online content service is a small online content service; and

                     (b)  whether a failure to make the determination would be likely to have a substantial adverse effect on the financial circumstances of the provider of the online content service; and

                     (c)  the likely impact of a failure to make the determination on the quantity and quality of content provided on the online content service; and

                     (d)  such other matters (if any) as the ACMA considers relevant.

             (6)  In deciding whether to make a determination under subclause (3) or (4) in relation to an online content service provider, the ACMA must have regard to:

                     (a)  whether the online content services provided by the provider are small online content services; and

                     (b)  whether a failure to make the determination would be likely to have a substantial adverse effect on the financial circumstances of the provider; and

                     (c)  the likely impact of a failure to make the determination on the quantity and quality of the content provided on the online content services provided by the provider; and

                     (d)  such other matters (if any) as the ACMA considers relevant.

Small online content service

             (7)  For the purposes of this clause, in determining whether an online content service is a small online content service, the ACMA must have regard to:

                     (a)  if the service has accounts for end‑users—the number of accounts that are held by end‑users who are ordinarily resident in Australia; and

                     (b)  if the service does not have accounts for end‑users—the number of end‑users who are ordinarily resident in Australia; and

                     (c)  such other matters (if any) as the ACMA considers relevant.

             (8)  For the purposes of paragraphs (7)(a) and (b), the ACMA may make such assumptions and estimates as the ACMA considers reasonable.

             (9)  The ACMA may publish on the ACMA’s website a statement that explains the ACMA’s approach to the administration of subclauses (7) and (8).

           (10)  A statement under subclause (9) is not a legislative instrument.

Other matters

           (11)  A determination under this clause may be:

                     (a)  unconditional; or

                     (b)  subject to such conditions (if any) as are specified in the determination.

           (12)  If the ACMA makes a determination under subclause (1), (2), (3) or (4), the ACMA must publish a copy of the determination on the ACMA’s website.

           (13)  Subsection 13(3) of the Legislation Act 2003 does not apply to subclause (1), (2), (3) or (4).

           (14)  A determination made under subclause (1), (2), (3) or (4) is not a legislative instrument.

16  Class exemptions from online content service provider rules

             (1)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, determine that online content services included in a specified class of online content services are exempt from online content service provider rules made for the purposes of subclause 13(1) or (2).

             (2)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, determine that online content services included in a specified class of online content services are exempt from one or more specified provisions of online content service provider rules made for the purposes of subclause 13(1) or (2).

             (3)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, determine that online content service providers included in a specified class of online content service providers are exempt from online content service provider rules made for the purposes of subclause 13(1) or (2).

             (4)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, determine that online content service providers included in a specified class of online content service providers are exempt from one or more specified provisions of online content service provider rules made for the purposes of subclause 13(1) or (2).

             (5)  A determination under this clause may be:

                     (a)  unconditional; or

                     (b)  subject to such conditions (if any) as are specified in the determination.

Division 2Interpretive provisions

17  When a part of an online content service is taken to be an online content service in its own right

             (1)  For the purposes of the application of this Schedule to a sporting event, if content that consists of live coverage of the sporting event is, or is to be, provided on a distinct part of an online content service (the overall online content service):

                     (a)  that part is taken to be an online content service in its own right; and

                     (b)  that part is taken not to be included in the overall online content service.

             (2)  For the purposes of subclause (1), it is immaterial whether:

                     (a)  gambling promotional content; or

                     (b)  any other content;

is, or is to be, provided on that part.

18  Gambling service

                   For the purposes of this Schedule, gambling service means:

                     (a)  a service for the placing, making, receiving or acceptance of bets; or

                     (b)  a service the sole or dominant purpose of which is to introduce individuals who wish to make or place bets to individuals who are willing to receive or accept those bets; or

                     (c)  a service for the conduct of a lottery; or

                     (d)  a service for the supply of lottery tickets; or

                     (e)  a service for the conduct of a game, where:

                              (i)  the game is played for money or anything else of value; and

                             (ii)  the game is a game of chance or of mixed chance and skill; and

                            (iii)  a customer of the service gives or agrees to give consideration to play or enter the game; or

                      (f)  a gambling service (within the ordinary meaning of that expression) that is not covered by any of the above paragraphs.

19  Sporting event

             (1)  Each of the following is taken to be a sporting event for the purposes of this Schedule:

                     (a)  the Summer Olympic Games;

                     (b)  the Winter Olympic Games;

                     (c)  the Commonwealth Games;

                     (d)  any similar games.

             (2)  The online content service provider rules may provide that a specified thing is taken to be a sporting event for the purposes of this Schedule.

             (3)  The online content service provider rules may provide that a specified thing is taken not to be a sporting event for the purposes of this Schedule.

             (4)  The following are examples of things that may be specified in the online content service provider rules made for the purposes of subclause (2) or (3):

                     (a)  a match;

                     (b)  a series of matches;

                     (c)  a race;

                     (d)  a series of races;

                     (e)  a stage;

                      (f)  a time trial;

                     (g)  a qualification session;

                     (h)  a tournament;

                      (i)  a round.

             (5)  For the purposes of this clause, thing includes a series of things.

20  Live coverage of a sporting event

                   For the purposes of this Schedule, if:

                     (a)  content that consists of live coverage of a sporting event is provided on an online content service; and

                     (b)  there is an unscheduled break in the sporting event;

any content provided on the service during the break is taken to be content that consists of live coverage of the sporting event.

21  Gambling promotional content provided in conjunction with live coverage of a sporting event

             (1)  For the purposes of this Schedule, gambling promotional content (other than a commentator betting odds promotion or a representative venue‑based promotion) is provided on an online content service in conjunction with live coverage of a sporting event if, and only if, the content is provided on the service during the period:

                     (a)  beginning 5 minutes before the scheduled start of the sporting event; and

                     (b)  ending 5 minutes after the conclusion of the sporting event.

             (2)  However, if coverage of the sporting event is delayed, this clause has effect as if there were a corresponding delay to the period mentioned in subclause (1).

             (3)  For the purposes of this Schedule, gambling promotional content that consists of a commentator betting odds promotion or a representative venue‑based promotion is provided on an online content service in conjunction with live coverage of a sporting event if, and only if, the promotion is provided on the service during the period:

                     (a)  beginning 30 minutes before the scheduled start of the sporting event; and

                     (b)  ending 30 minutes after the conclusion of the sporting event.

             (4)  However, if coverage of the sporting event is delayed, this clause has effect as if there were a corresponding delay to the period mentioned in subclause (3).

22  Scheduled start of a sporting event

                   The online content service provider rules may provide that, for the purposes of the application of this Schedule to a specified sporting event, scheduled start has the meaning given by the online content service provider rules.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 13(3) of the Legislation Act 2003.

23  Conclusion of a sporting event

                   The online content service provider rules may provide that, for the purposes of the application of this Schedule to a specified sporting event, conclusion has the meaning given by the online content service provider rules.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 13(3) of the Legislation Act 2003.

Part 4Complaints

  

24  Complaints to ACMA—online content service provider rules

             (1)  If a person has reason to believe that an online content service provider has contravened the online content service provider rules, the person may make a complaint to the ACMA about the matter.

             (2)  The ACMA may conduct an investigation into the complaint if it thinks that it is desirable to do so, but is not required to conduct an investigation.

Note:          One of the ACMA’s functions is to monitor compliance with the online content service provider rules.

Part 5Enforcement

  

25  Compliance with the online content service provider rules

             (1)  An online content service provider must not contravene the online content service provider rules.

Civil penalty provision

             (2)  Subclause (1) is a civil penalty provision.

             (3)  An online content service provider who contravenes subclause (1) commits a separate contravention of that subclause in respect of each day (including a day of the making of a relevant civil penalty order or any subsequent day) during which the contravention continues.

Designated infringement notice provision

             (4)  Subclause (1) is a designated infringement notice provision.

26  Remedial directions—breach of the online content service provider rules

Scope

             (1)  This clause applies if an online content service provider has contravened, or is contravening, the online content service provider rules.

Remedial directions

             (2)  The ACMA may give the provider a written direction requiring the provider to take specified action directed towards ensuring that the provider does not contravene the online content service provider rules, or is unlikely to contravene the online content service provider rules, in the future.

Note:          For variation and revocation, see subsection 33(3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (3)  The following are examples of the kinds of direction that may be given to an online content service provider under subclause (2):

                     (a)  a direction that the provider implement effective administrative systems for monitoring compliance with the online content service provider rules;

                     (b)  a direction that the provider implement a system designed to give the provider’s employees, agents and contractors a reasonable knowledge and understanding of the requirements of the online content service provider rules, in so far as those requirements affect the employees, agents or contractors concerned.

             (4)  An online content service provider must not contravene a direction under subclause (2).

Civil penalty provision

             (5)  Subclause (4) is a civil penalty provision.

             (6)  An online content service provider who contravenes subclause (4) commits a separate contravention of that subclause in respect of each day (including a day of the making of a relevant civil penalty order or any subsequent day) during which the contravention continues.

Notice

             (7)  For the purposes of this Act and the Australian Communications and Media Authority Act 2005, a direction under subclause (2) is taken to be a notice under this Schedule.

Part 6Miscellaneous

  

27  Minister may direct the ACMA about the exercise of its powers

             (1)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, give the ACMA a direction about the exercise of the powers conferred on the ACMA by this Schedule (other than Part 4 or 5).

             (2)  The ACMA must comply with a direction under subclause (1).

28  Service of notices by electronic means

                   Paragraphs 9(1)(d) and (2)(d) of the Electronic Transactions Act 1999 do not apply to:

                     (a)  a notice under this Schedule; or

                     (b)  a notice under any other provision of this Act, so far as that provision relates to this Schedule.

Note:          Paragraphs 9(1)(d) and (2)(d) of the Electronic Transactions Act 1999 deal with the consent of the recipient of information to the information being given by way of electronic communication.

29  Service of summons, process or notice on corporations incorporated outside Australia

Scope

             (1)  This clause applies to:

                     (a)  a summons or process in any proceedings under, or connected with, this Schedule; or

                     (b)  a notice under this Schedule; or

                     (c)  a notice under any other provision of this Act, so far as that provision relates to this Schedule;

where:

                     (d)  the summons, process or notice, as the case may be, is required to be served on, or given to, a body corporate incorporated outside Australia; and

                     (e)  the body corporate does not have a registered office or a principal office in Australia; and

                      (f)  the body corporate has an agent in Australia.

Service

             (2)  The summons, process or notice, as the case may be, is taken to have been served on, or given to, the body corporate if it is served on, or given to, the agent.

             (3)  Subclause (2) has effect in addition to section 28A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

Note:          Section 28A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 deals with the service of documents.

30  This Schedule does not limit Schedule 5 or 7

                   This Schedule does not limit the operation of Part 9 of the Online Safety Act 2021.

32  Implied freedom of political communication

             (1)  The provisions of:

                     (a)  this Schedule; and

                     (b)  the online content service provider rules;

have no effect to the extent (if any) that their operation would infringe any constitutional doctrine of implied freedom of political communication.

             (2)  Subclause (1) does not limit the application of section 15A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 to this Act.

33  Acquisition of property

                   The provisions of:

                     (a)  this Schedule; and

                     (b)  the online content service provider rules;

have no effect to the extent (if any) to which their operation would result in an acquisition of property (within the meaning of paragraph 51(xxxi) of the Constitution) from a person otherwise than on just terms (within the meaning of that paragraph).

34  Concurrent operation of State and Territory laws

                   It is the intention of the Parliament that this Schedule is not to apply to the exclusion of a law of a State or Territory to the extent to which that law is capable of operating concurrently with this Schedule.

35  Schedule not to affect performance of State or Territory functions

                   A power conferred by this Schedule must not be exercised in such a way as to prevent the exercise of the powers, or the performance of the functions, of government of a State, the Northern Territory or the Australian Capital Territory.


Endnotes

Endnote 1—About the endnotes

The endnotes provide information about this compilation and the compiled law.

The following endnotes are included in every compilation:

Endnote 1—About the endnotes

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key

Endnote 3—Legislation history

Endnote 4—Amendment history

Abbreviation key—Endnote 2

The abbreviation key sets out abbreviations that may be used in the endnotes.

Legislation history and amendment history—Endnotes 3 and 4

Amending laws are annotated in the legislation history and amendment history.

The legislation history in endnote 3 provides information about each law that has amended (or will amend) the compiled law. The information includes commencement details for amending laws and details of any application, saving or transitional provisions that are not included in this compilation.

The amendment history in endnote 4 provides information about amendments at the provision (generally section or equivalent) level. It also includes information about any provision of the compiled law that has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law.

Editorial changes

The Legislation Act 2003 authorises First Parliamentary Counsel to make editorial and presentational changes to a compiled law in preparing a compilation of the law for registration. The changes must not change the effect of the law. Editorial changes take effect from the compilation registration date.

If the compilation includes editorial changes, the endnotes include a brief outline of the changes in general terms. Full details of any changes can be obtained from the Office of Parliamentary Counsel.

Misdescribed amendments

A misdescribed amendment is an amendment that does not accurately describe the amendment to be made. If, despite the misdescription, the amendment can be given effect as intended, the amendment is incorporated into the compiled law and the abbreviation “(md)” added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

If a misdescribed amendment cannot be given effect as intended, the abbreviation “(md not incorp)” is added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

 

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key

 

ad = added or inserted

o = order(s)

am = amended

Ord = Ordinance

amdt = amendment

orig = original

c = clause(s)

par = paragraph(s)/subparagraph(s)

C[x] = Compilation No. x

/sub‑subparagraph(s)

Ch = Chapter(s)

pres = present

def = definition(s)

prev = previous

Dict = Dictionary

(prev…) = previously

disallowed = disallowed by Parliament

Pt = Part(s)

Div = Division(s)

r = regulation(s)/rule(s)

ed = editorial change

reloc = relocated

exp = expires/expired or ceases/ceased to have

renum = renumbered

effect

rep = repealed

F = Federal Register of Legislation

rs = repealed and substituted

gaz = gazette

s = section(s)/subsection(s)

LA = Legislation Act 2003

Sch = Schedule(s)

LIA = Legislative Instruments Act 2003

Sdiv = Subdivision(s)

(md) = misdescribed amendment can be given

SLI = Select Legislative Instrument

effect

SR = Statutory Rules

(md not incorp) = misdescribed amendment

Sub‑Ch = Sub‑Chapter(s)

cannot be given effect

SubPt = Subpart(s)

mod = modified/modification

underlining = whole or part not

No. = Number(s)

commenced or to be commenced

 

Endnote 3—Legislation history

 

Act

Number and year

Assent

Commencement

Application, saving and transitional provisions

Broadcasting Services Act 1992

110, 1992

14 July 1992

ss. 4, 5, 7–92 and 117–218: 5 Oct 1992 (see Gazette 1992, No. GN38)
Remainder: Royal Assent

Act No 105, 1992

Radiocommunications (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 1992

167, 1992

11 Dec 1992

1 July 1993

Broadcasting Services (Subscription Television Broadcasting) Amendment Act 1992

171, 1992

11 Dec 1992

11 Dec 1992

Transport and Communications Legislation Amendment Act (No. 3) 1992

216, 1992

24 Dec 1992

s 11–13, 15–18 and 20: 24 Dec 1992 (s 2(1))
s 14 and 19: 24 June 1993 (s 2(6), (10))

Tobacco Advertising Prohibition Act 1992

218, 1992

24 Dec 1992

s 37: 1 July 1993 (s 2(3))

Broadcasting Services Amendment Act 1993

1, 1993

14 May 1993

14 May 1993

Broadcasting Services Amendment Act (No. 2) 1993

2, 1993

14 May 1993

14 May 1993

Communications and the Arts Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 1995

32, 1995

12 Apr 1995

Sch (items 6–51): 12 Apr 1995 (s 2(1))

Competition Policy Reform Act 1995

88, 1995

20 July 1995

Sch 3: 6 Nov 1995 (s 2(2) and gaz 1995, No S423)

Broadcasting Services Amendment Act 1995

139, 1995

8 Dec 1995

ss. 1, 2, 8, 9, 12(1), 13 and 14: Royal Assent
Remainder: 5 Jan 1996

ss. 3(2) and 14–16

Telecommunications (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 1997

59, 1997

3 May 1997

Sch 1 (items 7–12): 1 July 1997 (s 2(2)(d))
Sch 1 (items 13, 14): 7 July 1997 (s 2(5))

Broadcasting Services Amendment Act 1997

115, 1997

7 July 1997

7 July 1997 (s 2)

Sch 1 (item 5)

Communications Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 1997

119, 1997

7 July 1997

4 Aug 1997

Broadcasting Services Legislation Amendment Act 1997

143, 1997

8 Oct 1997

8 Oct 1997

Sch. 1 (items 8, 9)

Audit (Transitional and Miscellaneous) Amendment Act 1997

152, 1997

24 Oct 1997

Sch 2 (items 597–604): 1 Jan 1998 (s 2(2))

Broadcasting Services Amendment Act (No. 2) 1997

180, 1997

27 Nov 1997

25 Dec 1997

Financial Sector Reform (Consequential Amendments) Act 1998

48, 1998

29 June 1998

Sch 1 (item 24): 1 July 1998 (s 2(2))

Television Broadcasting Services (Digital Conversion) Act 1998

99, 1998

27 July 1998

27 July 1998

Sch. 1 (item 7)

Broadcasting Services Amendment (Online Services) Act 1999

90, 1999

16 July 1999

16 July 1999

Broadcasting Services Amendment Act (No. 2) 1999

122, 1999

13 Oct 1999

13 Oct 1999

Public Employment (Consequential and Transitional) Amendment Act 1999

146, 1999

11 Nov 1999

Sch 1 (items 282, 283): 5 Dec 1999 (s 2(1), (2))

Corporate Law Economic Reform Program Act 1999

156, 1999

24 Nov 1999

Sch 10 (item 68): 13 Mar 2000 (s 2(2)(c) and gaz 2000, No S114)

Broadcasting Services Amendment Act (No. 1) 1999

197, 1999

23 Dec 1999

Sch 1, Sch 3 (items 1–11) and Sch 4: 23 Dec 1999 (s 2(1))
Sch 2: 20 Jan 2000 (s 2(2))
Sch 3 (items 14–19): 4 Mar 2001 (s 2(3))

Sch 3 (items 10, 11, 19)

Broadcasting Services Amendment Act (No. 3) 1999

198, 1999

23 Dec 1999

Sch 1 (items 6–19): 1 July 2000 (s 2(2))
Sch 1 (items 20, 22): 1 July 2001 (s 2(3))
Sch 1 (item 21): never commenced (s 2(3) and s 2(3)(a) of Act No. 5, 2001)
Remainder: 23 Dec 1999 (s 2(1))

Sch 1 (items 5, 19, 22)

Broadcasting Services Amendment (Digital Television and Datacasting) Act 2000

108, 2000

3 Aug 2000

Schedule 1 (items 75, 137, 137A, 142, 143): Royal Assent
Schedule 1 (items 134A–134D, 136A, 136B, 136D–136J, 139A, 139D, 139E): 3 Feb 2001
Remainder: 1 Jan 2001 (see Gazette 2000, No. GN50)

Sch. 1 (items 141–145)

Criminal Code Amendment (Theft, Fraud, Bribery and Related Offences) Act 2000

137, 2000

24 Nov 2000

Sch 2 (items 126, 127, 418, 419): 24 May 2001 (s 2(3))

Sch 2 (items 418, 419)

Broadcasting Services Amendment Act 2000

172, 2000

21 Dec 2000

Sch 1 (items 2–26, 36): 21 Dec 2000 (s 2(1))
Sch 2 (items 1–6): 1 Jan 2001 (s 2(2))

Sch 1 (item 36)

Communications and the Arts Legislation Amendment (Application of Criminal Code) Act 2001

5, 2001

20 Mar 2001

s 4 and Sch 1 (items 18–26, 28–38): 24 May 2001 (s 2(1)(a))
Sch 1 (item 27): 1 July 2001 (s 2(3)(b))

s 4

Classification (Publications, Films and Computer Games) Amendment Act (No. 1) 2001

13, 2001

22 Mar 2001

22 Mar 2002

Broadcasting Legislation Amendment Act 2001

23, 2001

6 Apr 2001

6 Apr 2001

Corporations (Repeals, Consequentials and Transitionals) Act 2001

55, 2001

28 June 2001

s 4–14 and Sch 3 (items 88–93): 15 July 2001 (s 2(1), (3))

s 4–14

Broadcasting Legislation Amendment Act (No. 2) 2001

92, 2001

20 July 2001

20 July 2001

ss. 4 and 5

Financial Sector (Collection of Data—Consequential and Transitional Provisions) Act 2001

121, 2001

24 Sept 2001

ss. 1–3: Royal Assent
Remainder: 1 July 2002 (see s. 2(2) and Gazette 2002, No. GN24)

Broadcasting Legislation Amendment Act (No. 2) 2002

120, 2002

2 Dec 2002

Schedules 1 and 2: 30 Dec 2002
Remainder: Royal Assent

Sch. 1 (item 16) and Sch. 2 (items 11, 12)

Broadcasting Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 2002

126, 2002

10 Dec 2002

10 Dec 2002

Broadcasting Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 2003

4, 2003

26 Feb 2003

26 Feb 2003

Therapeutic Goods Amendment Act (No. 1) 2003

39, 2003

27 May 2003

Schedule 2: 27 Nov 2003

Sch. 2 (item 3)

Communications Legislation Amendment Act (No. 3) 2003

108, 2003

24 Oct 2003

Schedule 1 (items 1–7): 12 Dec 2003 (see Gazette 2003, No. GN49)
Schedule 1 (items 25–48): 21 Nov 2003
Remainder: Royal Assent

Sch. 1 (item 24)

Classification (Publications, Films and Computer Games) Amendment Act 2004

61, 2004

26 May 2004

Schedules 1 and 2: 26 May 2005
Remainder: Royal Assent

Sch. 2 (items 30–32)

US Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act 2004

120, 2004

16 Aug 2004

Schedule 10: Royal Assent

Crimes Legislation Amendment (Telecommunications Offences and Other Measures) Act (No. 2) 2004

127, 2004

31 Aug 2004

Schedule 1 (item 2): 1 Mar 2005

Financial Framework Legislation Amendment Act 2005

8, 2005

22 Feb 2005

s. 4 and Schedule 1 (items 109, 496): Royal Assent

s. 4 and Sch. 1 (item 496)

Broadcasting Services Amendment (Anti‑Siphoning) Act 2005

43, 2005

1 Apr 2005

2 Apr 2005

Sch. 1 (item 2)

Australian Communications and Media Authority (Consequential and Transitional Provisions) Act 2005

45, 2005

1 Apr 2005

Sch 1 (items 6–58), Sch 2 and 4: 1 July 2005 (s 2(1) items 2, 3, 10)

Sch 4

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Omnibus Repeal Day (Autumn 2014) Act 2014

109, 2014

16 Oct 2014

Sch 2 (items 177–181): 17 Oct 2014 (s 2(1) item 2)

Broadcasting Services Amendment (Subscription Television Drama and Community Broadcasting Licences) Act 2006

71, 2006

23 June 2006

Schedule 1: 1 Jan 2006
Remainder: Royal Assent

Sch. 1 (item 62)

Communications Legislation Amendment (Enforcement Powers) Act 2006

120, 2006

4 Nov 2006

Schedule 1: 4 Feb 2007
Remainder: Royal Assent

Sch. 1 (items 53, 54)

Broadcasting Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 2006

127, 2006

4 Nov 2006

5 Nov 2006

Broadcasting Legislation Amendment (Digital Television) Act 2006

128, 2006

4 Nov 2006

Schedule 1 (items 1–20, 28, 28A): 5 Nov 2006
Schedule 2 (items 1A, 1–88, 88A, 93, 93A–93E): 1 Jan 2007
Schedule 2A (items 1–27): 4 May 2007
Schedule 3 (items 1–16): 1 Jan 2009

Sch. 1 (items 28, 28A) and Sch. 2 (items 93, 93A–93E)

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Statute Law Revision Act 2008

73, 2008

3 July 2008

Sch 2 (item 2): 4 May 2007 (s 2(1) item 45)

Broadcasting Services Amendment (Media Ownership) Act 2006

129, 2006

4 Nov 2006

Schedule 1: 1 Feb 2007
Schedule 2: 4 Apr 2007 (see F2007L00837)
Schedule 3: 1 Jan 2009
Remainder: Royal Assent

Broadcasting Services Amendment (Collection of Datacasting Transmitter Licence Fees) Act 2006

153, 2006

8 Dec 2006

1 Jan 2007

Statute Law Revision Act 2007

8, 2007

15 Mar 2007

Sch 1 (item 2): 15 Mar 2007 (s 2(1) item 3)

Classification (Publications, Films and Computer Games) Amendment Act 2007

27, 2007

15 Mar 2007

Sch 1 (items 1–3, 16, 17): 1 July 2007 (s 2(1) item 2)

Sch 1 (items 16, 17)

Broadcasting Legislation Amendment Act 2007

28, 2007

15 Mar 2007

Sch 1 (items 1, 2): 15 Mar 2007 (s 2)

Broadcasting Legislation Amendment (Digital Radio) Act 2007

68, 2007

28 May 2007

Sch 1 (items 1–118, 183–185): 29 May 2007 (s 2(1) item 2)

Sch 1 (items 183–185)

Communications Legislation Amendment (Content Services) Act 2007

124, 2007

20 July 2007

Sch 1 (items 8–77, 100–104): 20 Jan 2008 (s 2(1) item 2)
Sch 1 (items 106, 107): 20 July 2007 (s 2(1) item 3)
Sch 2 (item 1): 20 July 2008 (s 2(1) item 4)

Sch 1 (items 100–104, 106, 107)

Communications Legislation Amendment (Miscellaneous Measures) Act 2008

72, 2008

3 July 2008

Sch 1: 4 July 2008 (s 2(1) item 2)

Sch 1 (item 5)

Statute Law Revision Act 2008

73, 2008

3 July 2008

Sch 1 (items 15, 16): 3 July 2008 (s 2(1) item 10)

Broadcasting Legislation Amendment (Digital Radio) Act 2008

114, 2008

31 Oct 2008

Sch 1 (items 1–3): 1 Nov 2008 (s 2)

Same‑Sex Relationships (Equal Treatment in Commonwealth Laws—General Law Reform) Act 2008

144, 2008

9 Dec 2008

Sch 3 (items 3–10): 10 Dec 2008 (s 2(1) item 12)

Sch 3 (item 10)

Broadcasting Legislation Amendment (Digital Television Switch‑over) Act 2008

158, 2008

18 Dec 2008

Sch 1: 19 Dec 2008 (s 2(1) item 2)
Sch 2: 16 Feb 2009 (s 2(1) item 3)

Sch 2 (items 21, 22)

Statute Stocktake (Regulatory and Other Laws) Act 2009

111, 2009

16 Nov 2009

Sch 1 (items 2–6): 17 Nov 2009 (s 2)

Statute Law Revision Act 2010

8, 2010

1 Mar 2010

Sch 1 (Broadcasting Services Act 1992, Note) and Sch 5 (items 15–26, 137, 138): 1 Mar 2010 (s 2(1) items 2, 31, 38)

Sch 5 (item 138)

Broadcasting Legislation Amendment (Digital Television) Act 2010

94, 2010

29 June 2010

Sch 1 (items 1–134): 30 June 2010 (s 2(1) item 2)

Sch 1 (item 134)

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Statute Law Revision Act 2011

5, 2011

22 Mar 2011

Sch 2 (item 1): 30 June 2010 (s 2(1) item 3)

Trade Practices Amendment (Australian Consumer Law) Act (No. 2) 2010

103, 2010

13 July 2010

Sch 6 (items 1, 40–48): 1 Jan 2011 (s 2(1) items 3–5)

Statute Law Revision Act 2011

5, 2011

22 Mar 2011

Sch 1 (item 10): 22 Mar 2011 (s 2(1) item 2)

Broadcasting Legislation Amendment (Digital Dividend and Other Measures) Act 2011

36, 2011

26 May 2011

Sch 1 (items 1–28), Sch 2 (items 2–60) and Sch 3: 27 May 2011 (s 2(1) item 2)

Sch 3

Acts Interpretation Amendment Act 2011

46, 2011

27 June 2011

Sch 2 (items 293–313) and Sch 3 (items 10, 11): 27 Dec 2011 (s 2(1) items 3, 12)

Sch 3 (items 10, 11)

Broadcasting Services Amendment (Review of Future Uses of Broadcasting Services Bands Spectrum) Act 2011

177, 2011

5 Dec 2011

6 Dec 2011 (s 2)

Broadcasting Services Amendment (Regional Commercial Radio) Act 2012

34, 2012

15 Apr 2012

Sch 1: 16 Apr 2012 (s 2(1) item 2)
Sch 2: 15 Oct 2012 (s 2(1) item 3)

Sch 1 (item 16) and Sch 2 (item 13)

Broadcasting Services Amendment (Improved Access to Television Services) Act 2012

83, 2012

28 June 2012

Sch 1: 29 June 2012 (s 2(1) item 2)

Sch 1 (items 14–16)

Broadcasting Services Amendment (Digital Television) Act 2012

88, 2012

28 June 2012

29 June 2012 (s 2)

Sch 1 (items 8, 14)

Classification (Publications, Films and Computer Games) Amendment (R 18+ Computer Games) Act 2012

103, 2012

6 July 2012

Sch 1 (item 5): 1 Jan 2013 (s 2)

Statute Law Revision Act 2012

136, 2012

22 Sept 2012

Sch 1 (items 21–24): 22 Sept 2012 (s 2(1) item 2)

Australian Charities and Not‑for‑profits Commission (Consequential and Transitional) Act 2012

169, 2012

3 Dec 2012

Sch 2 (items 153, 154): 3 Dec 2012 (s 2(1))
Sch 4 (item 12): never commenced (s 2(1) item 14)

Federal Circuit Court of Australia (Consequential Amendments) Act 2013

13, 2013

14 Mar 2013

Sch 1 (items 58, 59) and Sch 4: 12 Apr 2013 (s 2(1) items 2, 22)

Sch 4

Broadcasting Legislation Amendment (Convergence Review and Other Measures) Act 2013

29, 2013

30 Mar 2013

Sch 1 (items 1–14): 31 Mar 2013 (s 2(1) item 2)

Sch 1 (items 12–14)

Broadcasting Legislation Amendment (Digital Dividend) Act 2013

51, 2013

28 May 2013

Sch 1 (items 1–10): 1 Oct 2013 (s 2(2))

Sex Discrimination Amendment (Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Intersex Status) Act 2013

98, 2013

28 June 2013

Sch 1 (items 63A, 63B): 1 Aug 2013 (s 2(1) item 2)

Statute Law Revision Act 2013

103, 2013

29 June 2013

Sch 1 (items 24–28) and Sch 3 (items 34–66, 343): 29 June 2013 (s 2(1) items 2, 16)

Sch 3 (item 343)

Statute Law Revision Act (No. 1) 2014

31, 2014

27 May 2014

Sch 1 (item 9), Sch 4 (items 11–23, 61) and Sch 8 (item 9): 24 June 2014

Classification (Publications, Films and Computer Games) Amendment (Classification Tools and Other Measures) Act 2014

99, 2014

11 Sept 2014

Sch 6 (items 29–40): 12 Sept 2014 (s 2(1) item 8)

Sch 6 (items 31–40)

Omnibus Repeal Day (Autumn 2014) Act 2014

109, 2014

16 Oct 2014

Sch 2 (items 6–16, 24, 83–85, 106–111, 182, 183, 208–224): 17 Oct 2014 (s 2(1) item 2)

Sch 2 (items 24, 214, 216, 218)

Statute Law Revision Act (No. 1) 2015

5, 2015

25 Feb 2015

Sch 1 (item 9), Sch 5 (items 1, 2): 25 Mar 2015 (s 2(1) items 2, 10)

Acts and Instruments (Framework Reform) Act 2015

10, 2015

5 Mar 2015

Sch 3 (items 15–66): 5 Mar 2016 (s 2(1) item 2)

Sch 3 (items 348, 349)

Broadcasting and Other Legislation Amendment (Deregulation) Act 2015

22, 2015

19 Mar 2015

Sch 1 (items 2–9) and Sch 3–9: 20 Mar 2015 (s 2(1) items 2, 4)
Sch 2 (items 2–133, 164, 165): 19 Mar 2015 (s 2(1) item 3)

Sch 2 (items 164, 165), Sch 3 (item 5), Sch 5 (item 4), Sch 6 (items 17, 18) and Sch 8 (item 3)

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Statute Law Revision Act (No. 1) 2016

4, 2016

11 Feb 2016

Sch 2 (items 1, 2): 20 Mar 2015 (s 2(1) item 3)

Enhancing Online Safety for Children (Consequential Amendments) Act 2015

25, 2015

24 Mar 2015

Sch 1 and Sch 3: 1 July 2015 (s 2(1) items 2, 3, 6)

Sch 3

Norfolk Island Legislation Amendment Act 2015

59, 2015

26 May 2015

Sch 2 (items 77, 78): 1 July 2016 (s 2(1) item 5)
Sch 2 (items 356–396): 18 June 2015 (s 2(1) item 6)

Sch 2 (items 356–396)

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Territories Legislation Amendment Act 2016

33, 2016

23 Mar 2016

Sch 2: 24 Mar 2016 (s 2(1) item 2)

Acts and Instruments (Framework Reform) (Consequential Provisions) Act 2015

126, 2015

10 Sept 2015

Sch 1 (items 82–93): 5 Mar 2016 (s 2(1) item 2)

Broadcasting Legislation Amendment (Primary Television Broadcasting Service) Act 2015

127, 2015

16 Sept 2015

17 Sept 2015 (s 2(1) item 1)

Sch 1 (item 28)

Statute Law Revision Act (No. 1) 2016

4, 2016

11 Feb 2016

Sch 4 (items 1, 34–42): 10 Mar 2016 (s 2(1) item 6)

Broadcasting Legislation Amendment (Digital Radio) Act 2016

14, 2016

29 Feb 2016

Sch 1 (items 1–43), Sch 2, Sch 3 (items 1–7) and Sch 5 (item 1): 1 Mar 2016 (s 2(1) item 1)

Territories Legislation Amendment Act 2016

33, 2016

23 Mar 2016

Sch 5 (item 21): 1 July 2016 (s 2(1) item 7)

Enhancing Online Safety for Children Amendment Act 2017

51, 2017

22 June 2017

Sch 1 (items 30–32, 48, 49, 51): 23 June 2017 (s 2(1) item 1)

Sch 1 (items 48, 49, 51)

Statute Update (Winter 2017) Act 2017

93, 2017

23 Aug 2017

Sch 1 (item 5): 20 Sept 2017 (s 2(1) item 2)

Electoral and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2017

99, 2017

14 Sept 2017

Sch 1 (items 53–60): 14 Mar 2018 (s 2(1) item 2)

Broadcasting Legislation Amendment (Broadcasting Reform) Act 2017

113, 2017

16 Oct 2017

Sch 1, Sch 2, Sch 3 (items 1, 2), Sch 4 (items 1–8, 10), Sch 5 (items 14–19, 22–25), Sch 6 (items 3–8, 38–42) and Sch 7: 17 Oct 2017 (s 2(1) items 2, 3, 5, 12, 13, 15, 16)
Sch 3 (items 3, 4): 17 Apr 2018 (s 2(1) item 4)

Sch 3 (item 4), Sch 4 (item 10), Sch 5 (items 22–25) and Sch 6 (items 38–43)

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Telecommunications Legislation Amendment Act 2019

6, 2019

1 Mar 2019

Sch 3 (items 2, 3): 2 Mar 2019 (s 2(1) item 1)

Communications Legislation Amendment (Deregulation and Other Measures) Act 2019

120, 2019

12 Dec 2019

Sch 2: 12 Dec 2019 (s 2(1) item 1)

Sch 2 (items 2–5)

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Consequential Amendments and Transitional Provisions) Act 2021

13, 2021

1 Mar 2021

Sch 4 (item 3): 1 Sept 2021 (s 2(1) item 7)

Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Consequential Amendments and Transitional Provisions) Act 2021

13, 2021

1 Mar 2021

Sch 2 (item 148): 1 Sept 2021 (s 2(1) item 5)

Therapeutic Goods Amendment (2017 Measures No. 1) Act 2018

7, 2018

5 Mar 2018

Sch 6 (items 52–58, 65): 1 July 2020 (s 2(1) item 6)

Sch 6 (item 65)

Broadcasting Legislation Amendment (Digital Radio) Act 2018

11, 2018

5 Mar 2018

Sch 1 (items 1, 15): 5 Mar 2018 (s 2(1) item 1)

Sch 1 (item 15)

Communications Legislation Amendment (Online Content Services and Other Measures) Act 2018

28, 2018

11 Apr 2018

Sch 1 (items 3–22): 12 Apr 2018 (s 2(1) item 1)

Communications Legislation Amendment (Regional and Small Publishers Innovation Fund) Act 2018

43, 2018

19 June 2018

20 June 2018 (s 2(1) item 1)

Broadcasting Legislation Amendment (Foreign Media Ownership, Community Radio and Other Measures) Act 2018

95, 2018

31 Aug 2018

Sch 1 (items 2–10), Sch 2 and 3: 1 Sept 2018 (s 2(1) item 1)

Sch 2 (item 3)

Enhancing Online Safety (Non‑consensual Sharing of Intimate Images) Act 2018

96, 2018

31 Aug 2018

Sch 1 (item 1): 1 Sept 2018 (s 2(1) item 1)

Communications Legislation Amendment (Deregulation and Other Measures) Act 2019

120, 2019

12 Dec 2019

Sch 1 (items 1–8), Sch 4 (items 2–5) and Sch 7: 12 Dec 2019 (s 2(1) item 1)

Sch 7 (items 9, 10)

Broadcasting Services Amendment (Regional Commercial Radio and Other Measures) Act 2020

100, 2020

20 Nov 2020

Sch 1 (items 2–18): 18 Dec 2020 (s 2(1) item 2)
Sch 2: 21 Nov 2020 (s 2(1) item 3)

Sch 1 (items 17, 18) and Sch 2 (items 3, 4)

Radiocommunications Legislation Amendment (Reform and Modernisation) Act 2020

151, 2020

17 Dec 2020

Sch 9 (items 43–97): 17 June 2021 (s 2(1) item 12)

Territories Legislation Amendment Act 2020

154, 2020

17 Dec 2020

Sch 4 (items 1, 2): 17 June 2021 (s 2(1) item 11)

Sch 4 (item 2)

Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Consequential Amendments and Transitional Provisions) Act 2021

13, 2021

1 Mar 2021

Sch 2 (items 149–151): 1 Sept 2021 (s 2(1) item 5)

Broadcasting Legislation Amendment (2021 Measures No. 1) Act 2021

62, 2021

29 June 2021

Sch 2: awaiting commencement (s 2(1) item 1)
Sch 4, 5 and Sch 6 (items 1, 2): 30 June 2021 (s 2(1) item 4)

Sch 2 (item 18) and Sch 4 (item 6)

Online Safety (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 2021

77, 2021

23 July 2021

Sch 2 (items 2–56) and Sch 3 (items 15–17, 19): 23 Jan 2022 (s 2(1) items 3, 7)

Sch 3 (items 15–17, 19)

Electoral Legislation Amendment (Authorisations) Act 2022

4, 2022

17 Feb 2022

Sch 1 (items 9–11, 15): 18 Feb 2022 (s 2(1) item 1)

Sch 1 (item 15)

 

Endnote 4—Amendment history

 

Provision affected

How affected

Title.....................................

am No 115, 1997; No 90, 1999; No 108, 2000; No 124, 2007

Part 1

 

s 3........................................

am No 90, 1999; No 108, 2000; No 172, 2000; No 129, 2006; No 124, 2007; No 8, 2010; No 28, 2018; No 77, 2021

s 4........................................

am No 90, 1999; No 108, 2000; No 172, 2000; No 45, 2005; No 124, 2007; No 8, 2010; No 28, 2018; No 77, 2021

 

ed C102

s 5........................................

am No 90, 1999; No 108, 2000; No 45, 2005; No 124, 2007; No 8, 2010; No 28, 2018; No 77, 2021

s 6........................................

am No 167, 1992; No 216, 1992; No 1, 1993; No 32, 1995; No 59, 1997; No 119, 1997; No 198, 1999; No 108, 2000; No 137, 2000; No 172, 2000; No 120, 2002; No 45, 2005; No 120, 2006; No 128, 2006; No 129, 2006; No 68, 2007; No 124, 2007; No 144, 2008; No 158, 2008; No 94, 2010; No 36, 2011; No 46, 2011; No 34, 2012; No 169, 2012; No 13, 2013; No 31, 2014; No 109, 2014; No 5, 2015; No 10, 2015; No 22, 2015; No 25, 2015; No 14, 2016; No 51, 2017; No 113, 2017; No 28, 2018; No 100, 2020; No 151, 2020; No 13, 2021; No 77, 2021

s 7........................................

am No 108, 2000; No 151, 2020

s 8A.....................................

ad No 108, 2000

s 8AA..................................

ad No 68, 2007

s 8AB...................................

ad No 68, 2007

s 8AC...................................

ad No 68, 2007

 

am No 114, 2008; No 8, 2010; No 14, 2016; No 11, 2018

s 8AD..................................

ad No 68, 2007

s 8AE...................................

ad No 94, 2010

 

rep No 22, 2015

 

ad No 100, 2020

s 8AF...................................

ad No 34, 2012

 

am No 100, 2020

s 8B.....................................

ad No 120, 2002

 

am No 45, 2005; No 103, 2013

s 10AA................................

ad No 33, 2016

 

rep No 154, 2020

s 10A...................................

ad No 5, 2001

 

am No 77, 2021

Part 2

 

s 11......................................

am No 172, 2000

s 11A...................................

ad No 172, 2000

s 12......................................

am No 172, 2000

s 13......................................

am No 10, 2015

s 14......................................

am No 94, 2010

s 17......................................

am No 216, 1992

s 18......................................

am No 216, 1992; No 108, 2000; No 128, 2006; No 68, 2007

s 18A...................................

ad No 172, 2000

 

am No 103, 2013

s 19......................................

am No 172, 2000; No 45, 2005; No 10, 2015

s 20......................................

rep No 10, 2015

s 21......................................

am No 172, 2000; No 45, 2005

s 22......................................

am No 45, 2005

Part 3

 

s 23......................................

am No 45, 2005

s 24......................................

am No 45, 2005

 

rep No 22, 2015

s 25......................................

am No 167, 1992; No 45, 2005; No 68, 2007

 

rep No 22, 2015

s 26......................................

am No 45, 2005; No 128, 2006; No 68, 2007; No 36, 2011; No 29, 2013; No 22, 2015

s 26A...................................

ad No 128, 2006

 

am No 128, 2006; No 36, 2011

 

rep No 22, 2015

s 26AA................................

ad No 36, 2011

s 26B...................................

ad No 128, 2006

 

am No 128, 2006; No 36, 2011

 

rep No 22, 2015

s 26C...................................

ad No 68, 2007

 

am No 14, 2016

s 26D...................................

ad No 68, 2007

s 27......................................

am No 45, 2005; No 36, 2011

 

rep No 22, 2015

s 28......................................

rs No 99, 1998

 

am No 108, 2000; No 45, 2005

 

rep No 128, 2006

s 28A...................................

ad No 99, 1998

 

am No 108, 2000

 

rep No 128, 2006

s 29......................................

am No 119, 1997; No 45, 2005; No 94, 2010; No 36, 2011

s 30......................................

am No 45, 2005

s 31......................................

am No 119, 1997; No 45, 2005; No 10, 2015

s 32......................................

rep No 10, 2015

s 33......................................

am No 45, 2005

s 34......................................

am No 119, 1997; No 99, 1998; No 108, 2000; No 45, 2005; No 51, 2013

s 35......................................

am No 45, 2005

 

rep No 22, 2015

s 35A...................................

ad No 128, 2006

 

am No 158, 2008

 

rs No 177, 2011

 

rep No 29, 2013

Part 4

 

Division 1

 

Division 1 heading...............

ad No 94, 2010

s 35B...................................

ad No 128, 2006

 

rep No 29, 2013

s 35C...................................

ad No 68, 2007

 

rep No 14, 2016

s 35D...................................

ad No 68, 2007

 

am No 8, 2010

 

rep No 14, 2016

s 36......................................

am No 45, 2005; No 128, 2006

s 36A...................................

ad No 68, 2007

 

am No 14, 2016

s 37......................................

am No 45, 2005; No 94, 2010

s 37A...................................

ad No 29, 2013

s 38......................................

am No 45, 2005

s 38A...................................

ad No 139, 1995

 

am No 99, 1998; No 108, 2000; No 45, 2005; No 128, 2006; No 94, 2010; No 22, 2015

s 38B...................................

ad No 108, 2000

 

am No 92, 2001; No 108, 2003; No 45, 2005; Nos 127 and 128, 2006; No 94, 2010; No 10, 2015; No 22, 2015

s 38C...................................

ad No 94, 2010

 

am No 88, 2012; No 136, 2012; No 22, 2015

s 39......................................

rs No 139, 1995

 

am No 45, 2005; No 22, 2015

s 40......................................

am No 45, 2005; No 128, 2006; No 5, 2011

s 41......................................

am No 108, 2000; No 45, 2005; No 120, 2006

Division 2

 

Division 2 heading...............

ad No 94, 2010

s 41A...................................

ad No 128, 2006

 

rep No 22, 2015

s 41B...................................

ad No 128, 2006

 

am No 94, 2010; No 36, 2011

 

rep No 22, 2015

s 41C...................................

ad No 128, 2006

 

am No 94, 2010

 

rs No 22, 2015

s 41CA.................................

ad No 94, 2010

 

am No 88, 2012; No 22, 2015; No 127, 2015

s 41D...................................

ad No 68, 2007

 

am No 14, 2016

Division 3

 

Division 3 heading...............

ad No 94, 2010

s 42......................................

am No 94, 2010

s 43......................................

am No 45, 2005

s 43A...................................

ad No 129, 2006

 

rep No 113, 2017

s 43AA................................

ad No 94, 2010

 

am No 36, 2011; No 22, 2015

s 43AB.................................

ad No 94, 2010

 

am No 22, 2015

s 43AC.................................

ad No 94, 2010

 

am No 36, 2011; No 22, 2015

s 43AD................................

ad No 94, 2010

s 43B...................................

ad No 129, 2006

 

am No 34, 2012

 

am No 100, 2020

s 43C...................................

ad No 129, 2006

 

am No 34, 2012; No 109, 2014; No 22, 2015; No 100, 2020; No 62, 2021

 

(4) exp end of 29 June 2026 (s 43C(4A))

s 43D...................................

ad No 68, 2007

s 44......................................

am No 45, 2005

Division 4

 

Division 4 heading...............

ad No 94, 2010

s 45......................................

am No 94, 2010

s 46......................................

am No 45, 2005

s 47......................................

am No 45, 2005

s 49......................................

am No 45, 2005

Part 5

 

Part 5 heading......................

rs No 108, 2000; No 151, 2020

Division 1

 

s 50A...................................

ad No 129, 2006

 

am No 94, 2010

s 51A...................................

ad No 128, 2006

 

rep No 151, 2020

s 52......................................

am No 45, 2005; No 22, 2015; No 62, 2021

 

exp end of 29 June 2026 (s 52(2))

s 52A...................................

ad No 129, 2006

 

am No 95, 2018

Division 2

 

Subdivision A heading.........

ad No 108, 2000

 

rep No 151, 2020

s 53......................................

am No 113, 2017

Subdivision B......................

ad No 108, 2000

 

rep No 151, 2020

s 54A...................................

ad No 108, 2000

 

rep No 151, 2020

Subdivision C......................