Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

Primary content

Fair Work Act 2009

Authoritative Version
Act No. 28 of 2009 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Sex Discrimination and Fair Work (Respect at Work) Amendment Act 2021
An Act relating to workplace relations, and for related purposes
Administered by: Attorney-General's
Registered 08 Oct 2021
Start Date 11 Sep 2021
Table of contents.

Commonwealth Coat of Arms of Australia

Fair Work Act 2009

No. 28, 2009

Compilation No. 45

Compilation date:                              11 September 2021

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 104, 2021

Registered:                                         8 October 2021

This compilation is in 2 volumes

Volume 1:       sections 1–536H

Volume 2:       sections 537–800

                        Schedules

                        Endnotes

Each volume has its own contents

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Fair Work Act 2009 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 11 September 2021 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Chapter 4—Compliance and enforcement                                         1

Part 4‑1—Civil remedies                                                                                                    1

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                            1

537........................ Guide to this Part................................................................ 1

538........................ Meanings of employee and employer.................................. 2

Division 2—Orders                                                                                                        3

Subdivision A—Applications for orders                                                              3

539........................ Applications for orders in relation to contraventions of civil remedy provisions     3

540........................ Limitations on who may apply for orders etc.................... 20

541........................ Applications for orders in relation to safety net contractual entitlements  22

542........................ Entitlements under contracts............................................. 23

543........................ Applications for orders in relation to statutory entitlements derived from contracts 23

544........................ Time limit on applications................................................. 23

Subdivision B—Orders                                                                                           24

545........................ Orders that can be made by particular courts.................... 24

545A..................... Orders relating to casual loading amounts........................ 25

546........................ Pecuniary penalty orders................................................... 27

547........................ Interest up to judgment..................................................... 28

Division 3—Small claims procedure                                                                   29

548........................ Plaintiffs may choose small claims procedure................... 29

Division 4—General provisions relating to civil remedies                     32

549........................ Contravening a civil remedy provision is not an offence.. 32

550........................ Involvement in contravention treated in same way as actual contravention              32

551........................ Civil evidence and procedure rules for proceedings relating to civil remedy provisions          32

552........................ Civil proceedings after criminal proceedings.................... 33

553........................ Criminal proceedings during civil proceedings................. 33

554........................ Criminal proceedings after civil proceedings.................... 33

555........................ Evidence given in proceedings for pecuniary penalty not admissible in criminal proceedings 33

556........................ Civil double jeopardy........................................................ 34

557........................ Course of conduct............................................................. 34

557A..................... Serious contravention of civil remedy provisions............. 36

557B...................... Liability of bodies corporate for serious contravention..... 38

557C...................... Presumption where records not provided......................... 38

558........................ Regulations dealing with infringement notices.................. 39

Division 4A—Responsibility of responsible franchisor entities and holding companies for certain contraventions                                                                                      40

558A..................... Meaning of franchisee entity and responsible franchisor entity               40

558B...................... Responsibility of responsible franchisor entities and holding companies for certain contraventions        40

558C...................... Right of responsible franchisor entity or holding company to recover     44

Division 5—Unclaimed money                                                                               46

559........................ Unclaimed money............................................................. 46

Part 4‑2—Jurisdiction and powers of courts                                                      48

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                          48

560........................ Guide to this Part.............................................................. 48

561........................ Meanings of employee and employer................................ 48

Division 2—Jurisdiction and powers of the Federal Court                    49

562........................ Conferring jurisdiction on the Federal Court.................... 49

563........................ Exercising jurisdiction in the Fair Work Division of the Federal Court   49

564........................ No limitation on Federal Court’s powers.......................... 50

565........................ Appeals from eligible State or Territory courts................. 50

Division 3—Jurisdiction and powers of the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2)                                                                                                                      52

566........................ Conferring jurisdiction on the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2)     52

567........................ Exercising jurisdiction in the Fair Work Division of the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2)...................................................................... 52

568........................ No limitation on powers of the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2)    52

Division 4—Miscellaneous                                                                                       54

569........................ Minister’s entitlement to intervene.................................... 54

569A..................... State or Territory Minister’s entitlement to intervene........ 54

570........................ Costs only if proceedings instituted vexatiously etc.......... 55

571........................ No imprisonment for failure to pay pecuniary penalty...... 55

572........................ Regulations dealing with matters relating to court proceedings                55

Chapter 5—Administration                                                                              56

Part 5‑1—The Fair Work Commission                                                                  56

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                          56

573........................ Guide to this Part.............................................................. 56

574........................ Meanings of employee and employer................................ 57

Division 2—Establishment and functions of the Fair Work Commission             58

Subdivision A—Establishment and functions of the Fair Work Commission                58

575........................ Establishment of the Fair Work Commission................... 58

576........................ Functions of the FWC...................................................... 58

577........................ Performance of functions etc. by the FWC....................... 60

578........................ Matters the FWC must take into account in performing functions etc.     60

579........................ FWC has privileges and immunities of the Crown........... 60

580........................ Protection of FWC Members............................................ 60

Subdivision B—Functions and powers of the President                                 61

581........................ Functions of the President................................................ 61

581A..................... Dealing with a complaint about an FWC Member............ 61

581B...................... Code of Conduct............................................................... 63

582........................ Directions by the President............................................... 63

583........................ President not subject to direction...................................... 64

584........................ Delegation of functions and powers of the President........ 65

Subdivision C—Protection of persons involved in handling etc. complaints about FWC Members         65

584B...................... Protection of persons involved in handling etc. complaints about FWC Members  65

Division 3—Conduct of matters before the FWC                                       67

Subdivision A—Applications to the FWC                                                          67

585........................ Applications in accordance with procedural rules............. 67

586........................ Correcting and amending applications and documents etc. 67

587........................ Dismissing applications.................................................... 67

588........................ Discontinuing applications................................................ 68

Subdivision B—Conduct of matters before the FWC                                     68

589........................ Procedural and interim decisions...................................... 68

590........................ Powers of the FWC to inform itself.................................. 68

591........................ FWC not bound by rules of evidence and procedure........ 69

592........................ Conferences...................................................................... 69

593........................ Hearings........................................................................... 70

594........................ Confidential evidence........................................................ 71

595........................ FWC’s power to deal with disputes.................................. 71

Subdivision C—Representation by lawyers and paid agents and Minister’s entitlement to make submissions     72

596........................ Representation by lawyers and paid agents....................... 72

597........................ Minister’s entitlement to make submissions..................... 73

597A..................... State or Territory Minister’s entitlement to make submissions 73

Subdivision D—Decisions of the FWC                                                                74

598........................ Decisions of the FWC...................................................... 74

599........................ FWC not required to decide an application in terms applied for               74

600........................ Determining matters in the absence of a person................ 75

601........................ Writing and publication requirements for the FWC’s decisions               75

602........................ Correcting obvious errors etc. in relation to the FWC’s decisions           76

603........................ Varying and revoking the FWC’s decisions..................... 76

Subdivision E—Appeals, reviews and referring questions of law               77

604........................ Appeal of decisions.......................................................... 77

605........................ Minister’s entitlement to apply for review of a decision... 78

606........................ Staying decisions that are appealed or reviewed............... 78

607........................ Process for appealing or reviewing decisions................... 79

608........................ Referring questions of law to the Federal Court............... 80

Subdivision F—Miscellaneous                                                                              80

609........................ Procedural rules................................................................ 80

610........................ Regulations dealing with any FWC matters...................... 81

611........................ Costs................................................................................. 81

Division 4—Organisation of the FWC                                                              83

Subdivision A—Functions etc. to be performed by a single FWC Member, a Full Bench or an Expert Panel      83

612........................ FWC’s functions etc. may generally be performed by single FWC Member           83

613........................ Appeal of decisions.......................................................... 83

614........................ Review of decisions by a Full Bench................................ 84

615........................ The President may direct a Full Bench to perform function etc.               84

615A..................... When the President must direct a Full Bench to perform function etc.     85

615B...................... Transfer to a Full Bench from an FWC Member.............. 85

615C...................... Transfer to the President from an FWC Member or a Full Bench            86

616........................ FWC’s functions etc. that must be performed by a Full Bench                86

617........................ FWC’s functions etc. that must be performed by an Expert Panel           87

Subdivision B—Constitution of the FWC by a single FWC Member, a Full Bench or an Expert Panel  89

618........................ Constitution and decision‑making of a Full Bench........... 89

619........................ Seniority of FWC Members............................................. 89

620........................ Constitution and decision‑making of an Expert Panel....... 90

621........................ Reconstitution of the FWC when single FWC Member becomes unavailable         91

622........................ Reconstitution of the FWC when FWC Member of a Full Bench or an Expert Panel becomes unavailable.......................................................................................... 92

623........................ When new FWC Members begin to deal with matters...... 92

624........................ FWC’s decisions not invalid when improperly constituted 93

Subdivision C—Delegation of the FWC’s functions and powers                  93

625........................ Delegation by the President of functions and powers of the FWC           93

Division 5—FWC Members                                                                                    95

Subdivision A—Appointment of FWC Members                                             95

626........................ Appointment of FWC Members....................................... 95

627........................ Qualifications for appointment of FWC Members............ 95

628........................ Basis of appointment of FWC Members.......................... 97

629........................ Period of appointment of FWC Members......................... 97

Subdivision B—Terms and conditions of FWC Members                             98

629A..................... Status of the President...................................................... 98

630........................ Appointment of a Judge not to affect tenure etc................ 99

631........................ Dual federal and State appointments of Deputy Presidents or Commissioners        99

632........................ Dual federal and Territory appointments of Deputy Presidents or Commissioners  100

633........................ Outside work of FWC Members.................................... 100

634........................ Oath or affirmation of office........................................... 100

635........................ Remuneration of the President........................................ 101

636........................ Application of Judges’ Pensions Act to the President.... 101

637........................ Remuneration of FWC Members other than the President 102

638........................ Remuneration of Deputy Presidents or Commissioners performing duties on a part‑time basis              103

639........................ Leave of absence of FWC Members other than the President  104

640........................ Disclosure of interests by FWC Members other than the President         104

641........................ Termination of appointment on grounds of misbehaviour or incapacity   105

641A..................... Minister may handle complaints about FWC Members.. 105

641B...................... Modified application of the Judicial Misbehaviour and Incapacity (Parliamentary Commissions) Act 2012........................................................................................ 106

642........................ Suspension on grounds of misbehaviour or incapacity... 113

643........................ Termination of appointment for bankruptcy, etc............. 114

644........................ Termination of appointment for outside work................. 114

645........................ Resignation of FWC Members....................................... 115

646........................ Other terms and conditions of FWC Members............... 115

647........................ Appointment of acting President and Vice President...... 115

648........................ Appointment of acting Deputy Presidents and Commissioners               116

Division 6—Cooperation with the States                                                       118

649........................ President to cooperate with prescribed State industrial authorities           118

650........................ Provision of administrative support................................ 118

Division 7—Seals and additional powers and functions of the President and the General Manager    119

651........................ Seals............................................................................... 119

652........................ Annual report.................................................................. 120

653........................ Reports about making enterprise agreements, individual flexibility arrangements etc.             120

653A..................... Arrangements with the Federal Court and the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2)........................................................................................ 122

654........................ President must provide certain information etc. to the Minister and Fair Work Ombudsman  122

655........................ Disclosure of information by the FWC........................... 122

Division 8—General Manager, staff and consultants                             124

Subdivision A—Functions of the General Manager                                      124

656........................ Establishment.................................................................. 124

657........................ Functions and powers of the General Manager.............. 124

658........................ Directions from the President......................................... 124

659........................ General Manager not otherwise subject to direction....... 125

Subdivision B—Appointment and terms and conditions of the General Manager        125

660........................ Appointment of the General Manager............................. 125

661........................ Remuneration of the General Manager........................... 125

662........................ Leave of absence of the General Manager...................... 126

663........................ Outside work of the General Manager............................ 126

664........................ Disclosure of interests to the President........................... 126

665........................ Resignation of the General Manager............................... 126

666........................ Termination of appointment of the General Manager...... 126

667........................ Other terms and conditions of the General Manager....... 127

668........................ Appointment of acting General Manager........................ 127

669........................ Minister to consult the President..................................... 128

Subdivision C—Staff and consultants                                                               128

670........................ Staff................................................................................ 128

671........................ Delegation by General Manager to staff......................... 128

672........................ Persons assisting the FWC............................................. 129

673........................ Consultants..................................................................... 129

Subdivision D—Application of the finance law                                              129

673A..................... Application of the finance law........................................ 129

Division 9—Offences relating to the Fair Work Commission            131

674........................ Offences in relation to the FWC..................................... 131

675........................ Contravening an FWC order........................................... 133

676........................ Intimidation etc............................................................... 134

677........................ Offences in relation to attending before the FWC........... 134

678........................ False or misleading evidence.......................................... 135

Part 5‑2—Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman                                           137

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        137

679........................ Guide to this Part............................................................ 137

680........................ Meanings of employee and employer.............................. 137

Division 2—Fair Work Ombudsman                                                                138

Subdivision A—Establishment and functions and powers of the Fair Work Ombudsman         138

681........................ Establishment.................................................................. 138

682........................ Functions of the Fair Work Ombudsman....................... 138

683........................ Delegation by the Fair Work Ombudsman..................... 139

684........................ Directions from the Minister........................................... 140

685........................ Minister may require reports........................................... 140

686........................ Annual report.................................................................. 140

Subdivision B—Appointment and terms and conditions of the Fair Work Ombudsman            141

687........................ Appointment of the Fair Work Ombudsman.................. 141

688........................ Remuneration of the Fair Work Ombudsman................. 141

689........................ Leave of absence of the Fair Work Ombudsman............ 142

690........................ Outside work of the Fair Work Ombudsman................. 142

692........................ Resignation of the Fair Work Ombudsman.................... 142

693........................ Termination of appointment of the Fair Work Ombudsman 142

694........................ Other terms and conditions of the Fair Work Ombudsman 143

695........................ Appointment of acting Fair Work Ombudsman.............. 143

Division 3—Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman                                   145

Subdivision A—Establishment of the Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman 145

696........................ Establishment of the Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman 145

Subdivision B—Staff and consultants etc.                                                        145

697........................ Staff................................................................................ 145

698........................ Persons assisting the Fair Work Ombudsman................ 145

699........................ Consultants..................................................................... 146

Subdivision C—Appointment of Fair Work Inspectors                               146

700........................ Appointment of Fair Work Inspectors............................ 146

701........................ Fair Work Ombudsman is a Fair Work Inspector........... 146

702........................ Identity cards.................................................................. 147

Subdivision D—Functions and powers of Fair Work Inspectors—general 148

703........................ Conditions and restrictions on functions and powers..... 148

704........................ General directions by the Fair Work Ombudsman.......... 148

705........................ Particular directions by the Fair Work Ombudsman....... 148

706........................ Purpose for which powers of inspectors may be exercised 149

707........................ When powers of inspectors may be exercised................ 149

707A..................... Hindering or obstructing the Fair Work Ombudsman and inspectors etc.                150

Subdivision DA—Power to enter premises                                                      150

708........................ Power of inspectors to enter premises............................ 150

709........................ Powers of inspectors while on premises......................... 151

710........................ Persons assisting inspectors........................................... 152

Subdivision DB—Powers to ask questions and require records and documents            152

711........................ Power to ask for person’s name and address.................. 152

712........................ Power to require persons to produce records or documents 153

712A..................... Minister may nominate AAT presidential members to issue FWO notices              153

712AA.................. Fair Work Ombudsman may apply to nominated AAT presidential member for FWO notice 154

712AB................... Issue of FWO notice....................................................... 156

712AC................... Form and content of FWO notice................................... 157

712AD.................. Fair Work Ombudsman may give FWO notice to person in relation to whom it is issued and vary time for compliance...................................................................... 158

712AE................... Conduct of examination.................................................. 159

712B...................... Requirement to comply with FWO notice....................... 159

712C...................... Payment for expenses incurred in attending as required by an FWO notice             160

712D..................... Protection from liability relating to FWO notices............ 160

712E...................... Fair Work Ombudsman must notify Commonwealth Ombudsman of issue of FWO notice   160

712F...................... Review and report by Commonwealth Ombudsman...... 161

Subdivision DC—Other rules relating to answers, records and documents 163

713........................ Self‑incrimination etc...................................................... 163

713A..................... Certain records and documents are inadmissible............. 164

713AA.................. Legal professional privilege............................................ 164

714........................ Power to keep records or documents.............................. 164

714A..................... Reports not to include information relating to an individual’s affairs       165

Subdivision DD—Enforceable undertakings and compliance notices      166

715........................ Enforceable undertakings relating to contraventions of civil remedy provisions      166

716........................ Compliance notices......................................................... 167

717........................ Review of compliance notices......................................... 169

Subdivision E—Disclosure of information by the Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman           170

718........................ Disclosure of information by the Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman  170

Subdivision F—False or misleading information or documents               171

718A..................... False or misleading information or documents............... 171

Chapter 6—Miscellaneous                                                                                173

Part 6‑1—Multiple actions                                                                                            173

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        173

719........................ Guide to this Part............................................................ 173

720........................ Meanings of employee and employer.............................. 173

Division 2—Certain actions not permitted if alternative action can be taken   174

721........................ Equal remuneration applications..................................... 174

722........................ Notification and consultation requirements applications. 174

723........................ Unlawful termination applications.................................. 175

Division 3—Preventing multiple actions                                                         176

Subdivision A—Equal remuneration applications                                        176

724........................ Equal remuneration applications..................................... 176

Subdivision B—Applications and complaints relating to dismissal          177

725........................ General rule.................................................................... 177

726........................ Dismissal remedy bargaining order applications............. 177

727........................ General protections FWC applications............................ 177

728........................ General protections court applications............................ 178

729........................ Unfair dismissal applications.......................................... 179

730........................ Unlawful termination FWC applications......................... 179

731........................ Unlawful termination court applications......................... 180

732........................ Applications and complaints under other laws................ 180

733........................ Dismissal does not include failure to provide benefits.... 181

Subdivision C—General protections applications that do not relate to dismissal         181

734........................ General rule.................................................................... 181

Part 6‑2—Dealing with disputes                                                                                183

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        183

735........................ Guide to this Part............................................................ 183

736........................ Meanings of employee and employer.............................. 183

Division 2—Dealing with disputes                                                                      184

Subdivision A—Model term about dealing with disputes                             184

737........................ Model term about dealing with disputes......................... 184

Subdivision B—Dealing with disputes                                                               184

738........................ Application of this Division............................................ 184

739........................ Disputes dealt with by the FWC..................................... 184

740........................ Dispute dealt with by persons other than the FWC......... 185

Part 6‑3—Extension of National Employment Standards entitlements 187

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        187

741........................ Guide to this Part............................................................ 187

742........................ Meanings of employee and employer.............................. 187

Division 2—Extension of entitlement to unpaid parental leave and related entitlements            188

Subdivision A—Main provisions                                                                        188

743........................ Object of this Division.................................................... 188

744........................ Extending the entitlement to unpaid parental leave and related entitlements              188

745........................ Contravening the extended parental leave provisions...... 190

746........................ References to the National Employment Standards include extended parental leave provisions               190

747........................ State and Territory laws that are not excluded................. 190

Subdivision B—Modifications of the extended parental leave provisions 191

748........................ Non‑national system employees are not award/agreement free employees               191

749........................ Modification of meaning of base rate of pay for pieceworkers                191

750........................ Modification of meaning of full rate of pay for pieceworkers  191

751........................ Modification of meaning of ordinary hours of work—if determined by State industrial instrument        191

752........................ Modification of meaning of ordinary hours of work—if not determined by State industrial instrument  192

753........................ Modification of meaning of ordinary hours of work—regulations may prescribe usual weekly hours   192

754........................ Modification of meaning of pieceworker........................ 192

755........................ Modification of provision about interaction with paid leave 193

756........................ Modification of provision about relationship between National Employment Standards and agreements........................................................................................ 193

757........................ Modification of power to make regulations.................... 193

Division 3—Extension of entitlement to notice of termination or payment in lieu of notice       194

Subdivision A—Main provisions                                                                        194

758........................ Object of this Division.................................................... 194

759........................ Extending entitlement to notice of termination or payment in lieu of notice              194

760........................ Contravening the extended notice of termination provisions 195

761........................ References to the National Employment Standards include extended notice of termination provisions    196

762........................ State and Territory laws that are not excluded................. 196

Subdivision B—Modifications of the extended notice of termination provisions          196

763........................ Non‑national system employees are not award/agreement free employees               196

764........................ Modification of meaning of full rate of pay for pieceworkers  196

765........................ Modification of meaning of pieceworker........................ 197

766........................ Modification of provision about notice of termination by employee        197

767........................ Modification of provision about relationship between National Employment Standards and agreements........................................................................................ 197

768........................ Modification of power to make regulations.................... 197

Part 6‑3A—Transfer of business from a State public sector employer 199

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        199

768AA.................. Guide to this Part............................................................ 199

768AB................... Meanings of employee and employer.............................. 199

Division 2—Copying terms of State instruments when there is a transfer of business  200

768AC................... What this Division is about............................................. 200

768AD.................. When does a transfer of business occur?........................ 200

768AE................... Meaning of transferring employee, termination time and re‑employment time        201

Division 3—Copied State instruments                                                             202

Subdivision A—Guide to this Division                                                              202

768AF................... What this Division is about............................................. 202

Subdivision B—Copied State instruments                                                        202

768AG.................. Contravening a copied State instrument.......................... 202

768AH.................. What is a copied State instrument?.................................. 203

768AI.................... What is a copied State award?......................................... 203

768AJ.................... What is a State award?.................................................... 204

768AK................... What is a copied State employment agreement?.............. 204

768AL................... What is a State employment agreement?......................... 206

768AM.................. When does a copied State instrument apply to a person? 207

768AN.................. When does a copied State instrument cover a person?.... 208

768AO.................. When is a copied State instrument in operation?............. 210

Division 4—Interaction between copied State instruments and the NES, modern awards and enterprise agreements                                                                                           212

Subdivision A—Guide to this Division                                                              212

768AP................... What this Division is about............................................. 212

Subdivision B—Interaction with the NES                                                        212

768AQ.................. Interaction between the NES and a copied State instrument 212

768AR................... Provisions of the NES that allow instruments to contain particular kinds of terms  212

Subdivision C—Interaction with modern awards                                          214

768AS................... Modern awards and copied State awards........................ 214

768AT................... Modern awards and copied State employment agreements 214

Subdivision D—Interaction with enterprise agreements                              216

768AU.................. Enterprise agreements and copied State instruments....... 216

Division 5—Variation and termination of copied State instruments 217

Subdivision A—Guide to this Division                                                              217

768AV.................. What this Division is about............................................. 217

Subdivision B—Variation of copied State instruments                                217

768AW.................. Variation in limited circumstances.................................. 217

768AX.................. Variation of copied State instruments............................. 217

Subdivision C—Termination of copied State instruments                           220

768AY.................. Termination in limited circumstances.............................. 220

Division 6—FWC orders about coverage of copied State instruments and other instruments 221

Subdivision A—Guide to this Division                                                              221

768AZ................... What this Division is about............................................. 221

768AZA................ Orders in relation to a transfer of business..................... 221

Subdivision B—Coverage orders                                                                       222

768BA................... FWC orders about coverage for transferring employees. 222

768BB................... FWC orders about coverage for employee organisations 223

Division 7—FWC orders about consolidating copied State instruments etc.      225

Subdivision A—Guide to this Division                                                              225

768BC................... What this Division is about............................................. 225

768BCA................ Orders in relation to a transfer of business..................... 226

Subdivision B—Consolidation orders in relation to transferring employees 226

768BD................... Consolidation orders in relation to transferring employees 226

768BE................... Consolidation order to deal with application and coverage 227

768BF................... Effect of this Act after a consolidation order is made...... 228

Subdivision C—Consolidation orders in relation to non‑transferring employees        228

768BG................... Consolidation orders in relation to non‑transferring employees               228

768BH................... Consolidation order to deal with application and coverage 230

768BI.................... Effect of this Act after a consolidation order is made...... 231

Division 8—Special rules for copied State instruments                          232

Subdivision A—Guide to this Division                                                              232

768BJ.................... What this Division is about............................................. 232

Subdivision B—Terms about disputes                                                              233

768BK................... Where no term dealing with disputes.............................. 233

Subdivision C—Service and entitlements of a transferring employee     233

768BL................... Service for the purposes of this Act................................ 233

768BM.................. NES—working out non‑accruing entitlements............... 234

768BN................... NES—working out accruing entitlements....................... 235

768BO................... Copied State instrument—service................................... 236

768BP................... Copied State instrument—working out non‑accruing entitlements           237

768BQ................... Copied State instrument—working out accruing entitlements  238

Subdivision D—Cessation of copied State awards: avoiding reductions in take‑home pay        239

768BR................... Cessation not intended to result in reduction in take‑home pay                239

768BS................... Orders remedying reductions in take‑home pay.............. 240

768BT................... Contravening a take‑home pay order.............................. 241

768BU................... How long a take‑home pay order continues to apply...... 241

768BV................... Interaction of take‑home pay orders with modern awards and enterprise agreements              241

768BW.................. Application of this Act to take‑home pay orders............. 241

Subdivision E—Modification of this Act                                                          242

768BX................... Modification of this Act for copied State instruments..... 242

Subdivision F—Modification of the Transitional Act                                  243

768BY................... Modification of the Transitional Act for copied State instruments           243

Subdivision G—Modification of the Registered Organisations Act          247

768BZ................... Modification of the Registered Organisations Act for copied State instruments      247

Division 9—Regulations                                                                                          249

768CA................... Regulations..................................................................... 249

Part 6‑4—Additional provisions relating to termination of employment 251

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        251

769........................ Guide to this Part............................................................ 251

770........................ Meanings of employee and employer.............................. 251

Division 2—Termination of employment                                                       252

771........................ Object of this Division.................................................... 252

772........................ Employment not to be terminated on certain grounds..... 252

773........................ Application for the FWC to deal with a dispute.............. 254

774........................ Time for application........................................................ 254

775........................ Application fees.............................................................. 255

776........................ Dealing with a dispute (other than by arbitration)........... 255

777........................ Dealing with a dispute by arbitration.............................. 256

778........................ Taking a dispute to court................................................. 257

779........................ Appeal rights.................................................................. 257

779A..................... Costs orders against parties............................................ 258

780........................ Costs orders against lawyers and paid agents................. 258

781........................ Applications for costs orders.......................................... 259

781A..................... Schedule of costs............................................................ 259

782........................ Contravening costs orders.............................................. 260

783........................ Reason for action to be presumed unless proved otherwise 260

Division 3—Notification and consultation requirements relating to certain terminations of employment                                                                                                                    261

Subdivision A—Object of this Division                                                             261

784........................ Object of this Division.................................................... 261

Subdivision B—Requirement to notify Centrelink                                        261

785........................ Employer to notify Centrelink of certain proposed terminations              261

Subdivision C—Failure to notify or consult registered employee associations             262

786........................ FWC may make orders where failure to notify or consult registered employee associations about terminations........................................................................................ 262

787........................ Orders that the FWC may make...................................... 264

788........................ Application to the FWC for order................................... 264

Subdivision D—Limits on scope of this Division                                            265

789........................ Limits on scope of this Division..................................... 265

Part 6‑4A—Special provisions about TCF outworkers                              266

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        266

789AA.................. Guide to this Part............................................................ 266

789AB................... Meanings of employee and employer.............................. 266

789AC................... Objects of this Part......................................................... 266

Division 2—TCF contract outworkers taken to be employees in certain circumstances             268

789BA................... Provisions covered by this Division............................... 268

789BB................... TCF contract outworkers taken to be employees in certain circumstances               269

789BC................... Regulations relating to TCF outworkers who are taken to be employees 270

Division 3—Recovery of unpaid amounts                                                     271

789CA................... When this Division applies............................................. 271

789CB................... Liability of indirectly responsible entity for unpaid amount 273

789CC................... Demand for payment from an apparent indirectly responsible entity        273

789CD................... Court order for entity to pay amount demanded.............. 274

789CE................... Effect of payment by entity (including entity’s right to recover from responsible person)       275

789CF................... Division does not limit other liabilities or rights............. 276

Division 4—Code of practice relating to TCF outwork                         278

789DA.................. Regulations may provide for a code................................ 278

789DB................... Matters that may be dealt with in TCF outwork code..... 278

789DC................... Persons on whom obligations may be imposed by TCF outwork code   279

789DD.................. Other general matters relating to content of TCF outwork code               280

789DE................... Relationship between the TCF outwork code and other instruments        281

Division 5—Miscellaneous                                                                                     283

789EA................... Part not intended to exclude or limit State or Territory laws relating to outworkers 283

Part 6‑4B—Workers bullied at work or sexually harassed                      284

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        284

789FA................... Guide to this Part............................................................ 284

789FB................... Meanings of employee and employer.............................. 284

Division 2—Stopping workers being bullied or sexually harassed at work         285

789FC................... Application for an FWC order to stop bullying or sexual harassment      285

789FD................... When is a worker bullied at work or sexually harassed at work?            285

789FE.................... FWC to deal with applications promptly......................... 286

789FF.................... FWC may make orders to stop bullying or sexual harassment 287

789FG................... Contravening an order to stop bullying or sexual harassment  288

789FH................... Actions under work health and safety laws permitted..... 288

789FI..................... This Part is not to prejudice Australia’s defence, national security etc.    288

789FJ.................... Declarations by the Chief of the Defence Force.............. 289

789FK................... Declarations by the Director‑General of Security........... 289

789FL.................... Declarations by the Director‑General of ASIS............... 289

Part 6‑4C—Coronavirus economic response                                                    291

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        291

789GC................... Definitions...................................................................... 291

789GCB................ 10% decline in turnover test............................................ 293

789GCC................ Designated quarter.......................................................... 293

789GCD................ 10% decline in turnover certificate.................................. 294

789GCA................ When employer qualifies for the jobkeeper scheme........ 295

Division 7—Service                                                                                                    296

789GR................... Service............................................................................ 296

Division 8—Accrual rules                                                                                      297

789GS................... Accrual rules................................................................... 297

Division 10—Dealing with disputes                                                                   298

789GV.................. FWC may deal with a dispute about the operation of this Part 298

789GW.................. Contravening an FWC order dealing with a dispute about the operation of this Part               299

Division 12—Protections                                                                                        300

789GXA............... Misuse of jobkeeper enabling direction.......................... 300

789GXB................ 10% decline in turnover test—prohibited conduct.......... 300

789GXC................ False statutory declaration............................................... 301

789GXD............... Federal Court may terminate a jobkeeper enabling direction if employer does not satisfy the 10% decline in turnover test.................................................................... 301

789GXE................ Federal Court may terminate a subsection 789GJD(2) agreement if employer does not satisfy the 10% decline in turnover test................................................................ 302

789GY.................. Protection of workplace rights........................................ 303

789GZ................... Relationship with other laws etc..................................... 303

789GZA................ Redundancy.................................................................... 304

Division 13—Review of this Part                                                                       305

789GZB................ Review of this Part......................................................... 305

Part 6‑5—Miscellaneous                                                                                                 306

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        306

790........................ Guide to this Part............................................................ 306

791........................ Meanings of employee and employer.............................. 306

Division 2—Miscellaneous                                                                                     307

792........................ Delegation by Minister................................................... 307

793........................ Liability of bodies corporate........................................... 307

794........................ Signature on behalf of body corporate............................ 308

795........................ Public sector employer to act through employing authority 308

795A..................... The Schedules................................................................. 310

796........................ Regulations—general...................................................... 310

796A..................... Regulations conferring functions.................................... 310

797........................ Regulations dealing with offences.................................. 310

798........................ Regulations dealing with civil penalties.......................... 311

799........................ Regulations dealing with infringement notices................ 311

800........................ Regulations dealing with exhibiting fair work instruments 311

Schedule 1—Application, saving and transitional provisions relating to amendments of this Act                                                                                           312

Part 1—Amendments made by the Fair Work Amendment (Textile, Clothing and Footwear Industry) Act 2012                                                                                                                312

1............................ Definitions...................................................................... 312

2............................ Section 789BB of amended Act applies to contracts entered into after commencement           312

3............................ Effect on TCF contract outworker’s entitlements............ 313

4............................ Fair work instruments etc. made before commencement. 313

5............................ Application of Division 3 of Part 6‑4A of amended Act 314

6............................ Application of subsection 203(2A) of amended Act....... 314

7............................ Regulations dealing with various matters........................ 314

Part 2—Amendments made by the Superannuation Legislation Amendment (Further MySuper and Transparency Measures) Act 2012                                                      316

8............................ Definitions...................................................................... 316

9............................ Application of sections 149A and 155A of amended Act 316

10.......................... FWC to vary certain modern awards.............................. 316

11.......................... FWC to update text of certain modern awards................ 317

12.......................... Application of paragraph 194(h) of amended Act........... 317

Part 3—Amendments made by the Fair Work Amendment (Respect for Emergency Services Volunteers) Act 2016                                                                                                                318

13.......................... Definitions...................................................................... 318

14.......................... Application of amendments—objectionable emergency management terms             318

Part 4—Amendments made by the Fair Work Amendment (Protecting Vulnerable Workers) Act 2017                                                                                                                                    320

15.......................... Definitions...................................................................... 320

16.......................... Application of amendments—unreasonable requirements to spend or pay amounts                320

17.......................... Saving of regulations—unreasonable deductions........... 320

18.......................... Application of amendments—increasing maximum penalties for contraventions of certain civil remedy provisions....................................................................... 320

19.......................... Application of amendments—responsibility of responsible franchisor entities and holding companies   321

20.......................... Application of amendments—hindering or obstructing the Fair Work Ombudsman and inspectors etc. 321

21.......................... Application of power to give FWO notices.................... 321

22.......................... Application of amendments relating to self‑incrimination etc.  322

23.......................... Application of requirement for reports not to include information relating to an individual’s affairs       322

24.......................... Application of amendments—false or misleading information or documents          322

24A....................... Application of amendments—presumption where records not provided  322

Part 5—Amendments made by the Fair Work Amendment (Repeal of 4 Yearly Reviews and Other Measures) Act 2018                                                                                       323

Division 1—General                                                                                                  323

25.......................... Definitions...................................................................... 323

Division 2—Amendments made by Schedule 1 to the amending Act 324

26.......................... Incomplete review of modern award............................... 324

27.......................... Dismissing applications.................................................. 325

Division 3—Amendments made by Schedule 2 to the amending Act 326

28.......................... Application of amendments—when employees have genuinely agreed to an enterprise agreement         326

Division 4—Amendments made by Schedule 3 to the amending Act 328

29.......................... Application of section 641B of the amended Act............ 328

Part 6—Amendments made by the Fair Work Amendment (Corrupting Benefits) Act 2017   329

30.......................... Disclosure by organisations and employers.................... 329

Part 8—Amendments made by the Fair Work Amendment (Family and Domestic Violence Leave) Act 2018                                                                                                                         330

39.......................... Entitlement to unpaid family and domestic violence leave 330

40.......................... Resolving uncertainties and difficulties about interaction between enterprise agreements and unpaid family and domestic violence leave................................................... 330

Part 9—Amendments made by the Fair Work Amendment (Improving Unpaid Parental Leave for Parents of Stillborn Babies and Other Measures) Act 2020 332

41.......................... Definitions...................................................................... 332

42.......................... Amendments about stillbirth, death and hospitalisation of children          332

43.......................... Amendments about flexible unpaid parental leave.......... 333

Part 10—Amendments made by the Fair Work Amendment (Supporting Australia’s Jobs and Economic Recovery) Act 2021                                                                                        335

Division 1—Definitions                                                                                            335

44.......................... Definitions...................................................................... 335

Division 2—Amendments made by Schedule 1 to the amending Act 336

45.......................... Resolving uncertainties and difficulties about interaction between enterprise agreements and the definition of casual employee and casual conversion rights................ 336

46.......................... Application of certain amendments................................. 336

47.......................... Transitioning casual employees...................................... 338

47A....................... Casual employees of small business employers.............. 340

48.......................... Variations to modern awards.......................................... 340

Part 11—Amendments made by the Sex Discrimination and Fair Work (Respect at Work) Amendment Act 2021                                                                                                                342

49.......................... Orders to stop bullying................................................... 342

49A....................... Applications for orders to stop sexual harassment.......... 342

50.......................... Orders to stop sexual harassment................................... 342

Schedule 2—Amendments made by the Fair Work Amendment (Transfer of Business) Act 2012                                                                                               343

1............................ Definitions...................................................................... 343

2............................ Application of the amendments made by the amending Act 343

Schedule 3—Amendments made by the Fair Work Amendment Act 2012          344

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                         344

1............................ Definitions...................................................................... 344

Part 2—Default superannuation (Schedule 1)                                                 345

2............................ Schedule 1 to the amending Act...................................... 345

2A......................... Transitional provision—when first variations of default fund term take effect         345

2B.......................... Transitional provision—modern awards made on or after 1 January 2014              346

Part 3—Modern awards (Schedule 3)                                                                   347

3............................ Part 1 of Schedule 3 to the amending Act....................... 347

Part 4—Enterprise agreements (Schedule 4)                                                    348

4............................ Part 1 of Schedule 4 to the amending Act....................... 348

5............................ Part 2 of Schedule 4 to the amending Act....................... 348

6............................ Part 3 of Schedule 4 to the amending Act....................... 348

7............................ Part 4 of Schedule 4 to the amending Act....................... 349

8............................ Part 5 of Schedule 4 to the amending Act....................... 349

Part 5—General protections (Schedule 5)                                                           350

9............................ Part 1 of Schedule 5 to the amending Act....................... 350

Part 6—Unfair dismissal (Schedule 6)                                                                   351

10.......................... Part 1 of Schedule 6 to the amending Act....................... 351

11.......................... Part 2 of Schedule 6 to the amending Act....................... 351

12.......................... Part 3 of Schedule 6 to the amending Act....................... 351

13.......................... Part 4 of Schedule 6 to the amending Act....................... 351

Part 7—Industrial action (Schedule 7)                                                                  352

14.......................... Part 1 of Schedule 7 to the amending Act....................... 352

15.......................... Part 2 of Schedule 7 to the amending Act....................... 352

16.......................... Part 3 of Schedule 7 to the amending Act....................... 352

Part 8—The Fair Work Commission (Schedule 8)                                        353

17.......................... Part 1 of Schedule 8 to the amending Act....................... 353

18.......................... Part 2 of Schedule 8 to the amending Act....................... 353

19.......................... Part 4 of Schedule 8 to the amending Act....................... 353

20.......................... Part 5 of Schedule 8 to the amending Act....................... 353

21.......................... Part 6 of Schedule 8 to the amending Act....................... 353

22.......................... Part 7 of Schedule 8 to the amending Act....................... 354

23.......................... Part 8 of Schedule 8 to the amending Act....................... 354

Part 9—Changing the name of Fair Work Australia (Schedule 9)     355

24.......................... Transitional provision—President.................................. 355

25.......................... Transitional provision—Deputy President...................... 356

26.......................... Transitional provision—Commissioner.......................... 357

27.......................... Transitional provision—Minimum Wage Panel Member 358

28.......................... Operation of laws—things done by, or in relation to, FWA 359

29.......................... Transitional provision—General Manager and staff of FWA  359

30.......................... Operation of section 7 and subsection 25B(1) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 not limited                360

Part 10—Other amendments (Schedule 10)                                                       361

31.......................... Part 1 of Schedule 10 to the amending Act..................... 361

Part 11—Regulations                                                                                                       362

32.......................... Regulations about application, transitional and saving matters 362

Schedule 4—Amendments made by the Fair Work Amendment Act 2013          363

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                         363

1............................ Definition........................................................................ 363

Part 2—Family‑friendly measures (Schedule 1)                                              364

2............................ Part 1 of Schedule 1 to the amending Act....................... 364

3............................ Part 2 of Schedule 1 to the amending Act....................... 364

4............................ Part 3 of Schedule 1 to the amending Act....................... 364

5............................ Part 4 of Schedule 1 to the amending Act....................... 364

6............................ Part 5 of Schedule 1 to the amending Act....................... 365

Part 3—Modern awards objective (Schedule 2)                                              366

7............................ Schedule 2 to the amending Act...................................... 366

Part 4—Anti‑bullying measure (Schedule 3)                                                     367

8............................ Schedule 3 to the amending Act...................................... 367

Part 4A—Conferences (Schedule 3A)                                                                   368

8A......................... Schedule 3A to the amending Act................................... 368

Part 5—Right of entry (Schedule 4)                                                                       369

9............................ Schedule 4 to the amending Act...................................... 369

Part 6—Consent arbitration for general protections and unlawful termination (Schedule 4A)               370

10.......................... Schedule 4A to the amending Act................................... 370

Part 7—The FWC (Schedule 5)                                                                                371

11.......................... Item 4 of Schedule 5 to the amending Act...................... 371

Schedule 5—Amendments made by the Fair Work Amendment Act 2015          372

1............................ Definition........................................................................ 372

2............................ Part 1 of Schedule 1 to the amending Act....................... 372

9............................ Part 5 of Schedule 1 to the amending Act....................... 372

11.......................... Part 7 of Schedule 1 to the amending Act....................... 372

14.......................... Part 10 of Schedule 1 to the amending Act..................... 372

Endnotes                                                                                                                                  373

Endnote 1—About the endnotes                                                                          373

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key                                                                              375

Endnote 3—Legislation history                                                                           376

Endnote 4—Amendment history                                                                         385


Chapter 4Compliance and enforcement

Part 4‑1Civil remedies

Division 1Introduction

537  Guide to this Part

This Part is about civil remedies. Certain provisions in this Act impose obligations on certain persons. Civil remedies may be sought in relation to contraventions of these civil remedy provisions.

Subdivision A of Division 2 deals with applications for orders in relation to contraventions of civil remedy provisions and safety net contractual entitlements, and applications for orders to enforce entitlements arising under subsection 542(1).

Subdivision B of Division 2 sets out the orders that can be made by the Federal Court, the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2) or an eligible State or Territory Court in relation to a contravention of a civil remedy provision.

Division 3 sets out when proceedings relating to a contravention of a civil remedy provision may be dealt with as small claims proceedings.

Division 4 deals with general provisions relating to civil remedies, including rules about evidence and procedure.

Division 4A imposes obligations on responsible franchisor entities in relation to certain contraventions of civil remedy provisions by franchisee entities and on holding companies in relation to certain contraventions of civil remedy provisions by subsidiaries.

Division 5 deals with unclaimed money.

538  Meanings of employee and employer

                   In this Part, employee and employer have their ordinary meanings.

Note:          See also Division 2 of Part 6‑4A (TCF contract outworkers taken to be employees in certain circumstances).

Division 2Orders

Subdivision AApplications for orders

539  Applications for orders in relation to contraventions of civil remedy provisions

             (1)  A provision referred to in column 1 of an item in the table in subsection (2) is a civil remedy provision.

             (2)  For each civil remedy provision, the persons referred to in column 2 of the item may, subject to sections 540 and 544 and Subdivision B, apply to the courts referred to in column 3 of the item for orders in relation to a contravention or proposed contravention of the provision, including the maximum penalty referred to in column 4 of the item.

Note 1:       Civil remedy provisions within a single Part may be grouped together in a single item of the table.

Note 2:       Applications cannot be made by an inspector in relation to a contravention of a civil remedy provision by a person in certain cases where an undertaking or compliance notice has been given (see subsections 715(4) and 716(4A)).

Note 3:       The regulations may also prescribe persons for the purposes of an item in column 2 of the table (see subsection 540(8)).

Note 4:       See section 557A in relation to a serious contravention of a civil remedy provision.

 

Standing, jurisdiction and maximum penalties

Item

Column 1
Civil remedy provision

Column 2
Persons

Column 3
Courts

Column 4
Maximum penalty

Part 2‑1—Core provisions

1

44(1)

(a) an employee;

(b) an employee organisation;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

for a serious contravention—600 penalty units; or

otherwise—60 penalty units

2

45 (other than in relation to a contravention or proposed contravention of an outworker term)

(a) an employee;

(b) an employer;

(c) an employee organisation;

(d) an employer organisation;

(e) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

for a serious contravention—600 penalty units; or

otherwise—60 penalty units

3

45 (in relation to a contravention or proposed contravention of an outworker term)

(a) an outworker;

(b) an employer;

(c) an outworker entity;

(d) an employee organisation;

(e) an employer organisation;

(f) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

for a serious contravention—600 penalty units; or

otherwise—60 penalty units

4

50 (other than in relation to a contravention or proposed contravention of a term that would be an outworker term if it were included in a modern award)

(a) an employee;

(b) an employer;

(c) an employee organisation to which the enterprise agreement concerned applies;

(d) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

for a serious contravention—600 penalty units; or

otherwise—60 penalty units

5

50 (in relation to a contravention or proposed contravention of a term that would be an outworker term if it were included in a modern award)

(a) an employee;

(b) an employer;

(c) an employee organisation;

(d) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

for a serious contravention—600 penalty units; or

otherwise—60 penalty units

Part 2‑4—Enterprise agreements

5A

179(1)

179(5)

(a) an employee;

(b) a bargaining representative for the proposed enterprise agreement;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

5B

180(4A)

180(4B)

180(4C)

(a) an employee;

(b) a bargaining representative for the proposed enterprise agreement;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

6

233

(a) an employee who the proposed enterprise agreement will cover;

(b) a bargaining representative for the proposed enterprise agreement;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

Part 2‑5—Workplace determinations

7

280

(a) an employee;

(b) an employer;

(c) an employee organisation to which the workplace determination concerned applies;

(d) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

for a serious contravention—600 penalty units; or

otherwise—60 penalty units

Part 2‑6—Minimum wages

8

293

(a) an employee;

(b) an employee organisation;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

for a serious contravention—600 penalty units; or

otherwise—60 penalty units

Part 2‑7—Equal remuneration

9

305

(a) an employee;

(b) an employee organisation;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

for a serious contravention—600 penalty units; or

otherwise—60 penalty units

Part 2‑9—Other terms and conditions of employment

10

323(1)
323(3)
325(1)
328(1)
328(2)
328(3)

(a) an employee;

(b) an employee organisation;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

for a serious contravention—600 penalty units; or

otherwise—60 penalty units

10A

325(1A)

(a) a prospective employee;

(b) an employee;

(c) an employee organisation;

(d) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

for a serious contravention—600 penalty units; or

otherwise—60 penalty units

Part 3‑1—General protections

11

340(1)
340(2)
343(1)
344
345(1)
346
348
349(1)
350(1)
350(2)
351(1)
352
353(1)
354(1)
355
357(1)
358
359
369(3)

(a) a person affected by the contravention;

(b) an industrial association;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2)

60 penalty units

12

378

(a) a person to whom the costs are payable;

(b) an industrial association;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2)

60 penalty units

Part 3‑2—Unfair dismissal

13

405

(a) a person affected by the contravention;

(b) an employee organisation;

(c) an employer organisation;

(d) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

Part 3‑3—Industrial action

14

417(1)

(a) an employee;

(b) an employer;

(c) an employee organisation covered by the enterprise agreement or workplace determination concerned;

(d) a person affected by the industrial action;

(e) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2)

60 penalty units

15

421(1)

(a) a person affected by the contravention;

(b) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2)

60 penalty units

16

434

an inspector

the Federal Court

60 penalty units

17

458(2)

(a) an employee;

(b) an employer;

(c) an applicant for the protected action ballot order;

(d) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2)

30 penalty units

18

462(1)
462(3)

(a) an employee;

(b) an employer;

(c) an applicant for the protected action ballot order;

(d) the protected action ballot agent;

(e) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2)

30 penalty units

19

463(1)
463(2)

(a) an employee;

(b) an employer;

(c) an applicant for the protected action ballot order;

(d) the protected action ballot agent;

(e) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2)

60 penalty units

20

467(1)

(a) an employee;

(b) an employer;

(c) an applicant for the protected action ballot order;

(d) the protected action ballot agent;

(e) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2)

30 penalty units

21

470(1)

an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2)

60 penalty units

22

473(1)
473(2)

(a) an employer;

(b) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2)

60 penalty units

23

474(1)

an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2)

60 penalty units

24

475(1)
475(2)

(a) an employer;

(b) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2)

60 penalty units

Part 3‑4—Right of entry

25

482(3)
483(4)
483B(4)
483C(5)
483D(4)
483E(5)
494(1)
495(1)
496
497
498
499
500
501
502(1)
503(1)
504
506
509
521C(3)
521D(3)

(a) a person affected by the contravention;

(b) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2)

60 penalty units

26

517(1)

an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2)

60 penalty units

Part 3‑5—Stand down

27

527

(a) an employee;

(b) an employee organisation;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

Part 3‑6—Other rights and responsibilities

28

530(4)

(a) an employee;

(b) a registered employee association;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2)

30 penalty units

29

535(1)
535(2)
535(4)
536(1)
536(2)
536(3)

(a) an employee;

(b) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

for a serious contravention—600 penalty units; or

otherwise—60 penalty units

Part 4‑1—Civil remedies

29A

558B(1)

558B(2)

(a) an employee;

(b) an employee organisation;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2)

60 penalty units

Part 5‑1—The Fair Work Commission

30

611(3)

(a) a person to whom the costs are payable;

(b) an employee organisation;

(c) an employer organisation;

(d) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

Part 5‑2—Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman

30A

707A(1)

an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

31

711(3)

an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

30 penalty units

32

712(3)

an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

32A

712B(1)

an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

600 penalty units

33

716(5)

an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

30 penalty units

33A

718A(1)

an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

Part 6‑3—Extension of National Employment Standards entitlements

34

745(1)
760

(a) an employee;

(b) a registered employee association;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

Part 6‑3A—Transfer of business from a State public sector employer

34A

768AG

(a) the transferring employee;

(b) an employer;

(c) an employee organisation;

(d) an employer organisation;

(e) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

34B

768BT

(a) the transferring employee;

(b) an employer;

(c) an employee organisation;

(d) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

Part 6‑4—Additional provisions relating to termination of employment

35

772(1)
777(3)

(a) a person affected by the contravention;

(b) an industrial association;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2)

60 penalty units

36

782

(a) a person to whom the costs are payable;

(b) an industrial association;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2)

60 penalty units

37

785(4)

(a) an employee;

(b) a registered employee association;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2)

30 penalty units

Part 6‑4B—Workers bullied at work or sexually harassed

38

789FG

(a) a person affected by the contravention;

(b) an industrial association;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

             (3)  The regulations may provide that a provision set out in the regulations is a civil remedy provision.

             (4)  If the regulations make provision as mentioned in subsection (3):

                     (a)  the regulations must set out:

                              (i)  the persons who would be referred to in column 2; and

                             (ii)  the courts that would be referred to in column 3; and

                            (iii)  the maximum penalty that would be referred to in column 4;

                            of the table in subsection (2) if there were an item for the civil remedy provision in the table; and

                     (b)  this Part has effect as if the matters referred to subparagraphs (a)(i) to (iii) were set out in such an item in the table.

Note:          See section 798 for limits on the penalties that may be set out in the regulations.

540  Limitations on who may apply for orders etc.

Employees, employers, outworkers and outworker entities

             (1)  The following persons may apply for an order under this Division, in relation to a contravention or proposed contravention of a civil remedy provision, only if the person is affected by the contravention, or will be affected by the proposed contravention:

                     (a)  an employee;

                    (aa)  a prospective employee;

                     (b)  an employer;

                     (c)  an outworker;

                     (d)  an outworker entity.

Employee organisations and registered employee associations

             (2)  An employee organisation or a registered employee association may apply for an order under this Division, in relation to a contravention or proposed contravention of a civil remedy provision in relation to an employee, only if:

                     (a)  the employee is affected by the contravention, or will be affected by the proposed contravention; and

                     (b)  the organisation or association is entitled to represent the industrial interests of the employee.

             (3)  However, subsection (2) does not apply in relation to:

                     (a)  items 4, 7 and 14 in the table in subsection 539(2); or

                     (b)  a contravention or proposed contravention of:

                              (i)  an outworker term in a modern award; or

                             (ii)  a term in an enterprise agreement that would be an outworker term if it were included in a modern award.

             (4)  An employee organisation may apply for an order under this Division, in relation to a contravention or proposed contravention of:

                     (a)  an outworker term in a modern award; or

                     (b)  a term in an enterprise agreement that would be an outworker term if it were included in a modern award;

only if the employee organisation is entitled to represent the industrial interests of an outworker to whom the term relates.

Employer organisations

             (5)  An employer organisation may apply for an order under this Division, in relation to a contravention or proposed contravention of a civil remedy provision, only if the organisation has a member who is affected by the contravention, or who will be affected by the proposed contravention.

Industrial associations

             (6)  An industrial association may apply for an order under this Division, in relation to a contravention or proposed contravention of a civil remedy provision, only if:

                     (a)  the industrial association is affected by the contravention, or will be affected by the proposed contravention; or

                     (b)  if the contravention is in relation to a person:

                              (i)  the person is affected by the contravention, or will be affected by the proposed contravention; and

                             (ii)  the industrial association is entitled to represent the industrial interests of the person.

             (7)  If an item in column 2 of the table in subsection 539(2) refers to an industrial association then, to avoid doubt, an employee organisation, a registered employee association or an employer organisation may apply for an order, in relation to a contravention or proposed contravention of a civil remedy provision, only if the organisation or association is entitled to apply for the order under subsection (6).

Regulations

             (8)  The regulations may prescribe a person for the purposes of an item in column 2 of the table in subsection 539(2). The regulations may provide that the person is prescribed only in relation to circumstances specified in the regulations.

541  Applications for orders in relation to safety net contractual entitlements

             (1)  This section applies if an inspector applies to a court for an order under this Division, in relation to an employer’s contravention or proposed contravention of a provision or term referred to in subsection (3) in relation to an employee.

             (2)  The inspector may also apply to the court, on behalf of the employee, for an order in relation to the employer’s contravention, or proposed contravention, of a safety net contractual entitlement of the employee.

             (3)  The provisions and terms are the following:

                     (a)  a provision of the National Employment Standards;

                     (b)  a term of a modern award;

                     (c)  a term of an enterprise agreement;

                     (d)  a term of a workplace determination;

                     (e)  a term of a national minimum wage order;

                      (f)  a term of an equal remuneration order.

542  Entitlements under contracts

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, a safety net contractual entitlement of a national system employer or a national system employee, as in force from time to time, also has effect as an entitlement of the employer or employee under this Act.

             (2)  The entitlement has effect under this Act subject to any modifications, by a law of the Commonwealth (including this Act or a fair work instrument), a State or a Territory, of the safety net contractual entitlement.

543  Applications for orders in relation to statutory entitlements derived from contracts

                   A national system employer or a national system employee may apply to the Federal Court or the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2) to enforce an entitlement of the employer or employee arising under subsection 542(1).

544  Time limit on applications

                   A person may apply for an order under this Division in relation to a contravention of one of the following only if the application is made within 6 years after the day on which the contravention occurred:

                     (a)  a civil remedy provision;

                     (b)  a safety net contractual entitlement;

                     (c)  an entitlement arising under subsection 542(1).

Note 1:       This section does not apply in relation to general protections court applications or unlawful termination court applications (see subparagraphs 370(a)(ii) and 778(a)(ii)).

Note 2:       For time limits on orders relating to underpayments, see subsection 545(5).

Subdivision BOrders

545