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Competition and Consumer Act 2010

Authoritative Version
  • - C2021C00381
  • In force - Superseded Version
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Act No. 51 of 1974 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Fuel Security (Consequential and Transitional Provisions) Act 2021
An Act relating to competition, fair trading and consumer protection, and for other purposes
Administered by: Attorney-General's; Treasury; Industry, Science, Energy and Resources; Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Communications
Registered 27 Sep 2021
Start Date 01 Sep 2021
End Date 13 Sep 2021
Table of contents.

Commonwealth Coat of Arms of Australia

Competition and Consumer Act 2010

No. 51, 1974

Compilation No. 137

Compilation date:                              1 September 2021

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 66, 2021

Registered:                                         27 September 2021

This compilation is in 3 volumes

Volume 1:       sections 1–110

Volume 2:       sections 10.01–186

Volume 3:       Schedules

                        Endnotes

Each volume has its own contents

This compilation includes commenced amendments made by Act No. 13, 2021

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 1 September 2021 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Part I—Preliminary                                                                                                              1

1............................ Short title............................................................................ 1

2............................ Object of this Act................................................................ 1

2A......................... Application of Act to Commonwealth and Commonwealth authorities    1

2B.......................... Application of Act to States and Territories........................ 2

2BA....................... Application of Part IV to local government bodies............. 2

2C.......................... Activities that are not business............................................ 3

3............................ Repeal................................................................................. 4

4............................ Interpretation....................................................................... 5

4A......................... Subsidiary, holding and related bodies corporate.............. 19

4B.......................... Consumers........................................................................ 22

4C.......................... Acquisition, supply and re‑supply.................................... 22

4E.......................... Market.............................................................................. 23

4F.......................... References to purpose or reason....................................... 23

4G......................... Lessening of competition to include preventing or hindering competition                24

4H......................... Application of Act in relation to leases and licences of land and buildings              24

4J........................... Joint ventures.................................................................... 24

4K.......................... Loss or damage to include injury...................................... 25

4KA....................... Definitions etc. that do not apply in Part XI or Schedule 2 25

4L.......................... Severability....................................................................... 25

4M......................... Saving of law relating to restraint of trade and breaches of confidence    25

4N......................... Extended application of Part IIIA..................................... 26

5............................ Extended application of this Act to conduct outside Australia  26

6............................ Extended application of this Act to persons who are not corporations     27

6AA...................... Application of the Criminal Code..................................... 35

Part II—The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission     36

6A......................... Establishment of Commission.......................................... 36

7............................ Constitution of Commission............................................. 37

8............................ Terms and conditions of appointment............................... 37

8A......................... Associate members........................................................... 37

8AB....................... AER members taken to be associate members.................. 39

9............................ Remuneration.................................................................... 39

10.......................... Deputy Chairpersons........................................................ 40

11.......................... Acting Chairperson........................................................... 40

12.......................... Leave of absence............................................................... 41

13.......................... Termination of appointment of members of the Commission.. 41

14.......................... Termination of appointment of associate members of the Commission    42

15.......................... Resignation....................................................................... 43

16.......................... Arrangement of business.................................................. 43

17.......................... Disclosure of interests by Chairperson............................. 43

17A....................... Disclosure of certain interests by members of the Commission when taking part in determinations of matters.......................................................................................... 43

18.......................... Meetings of Commission.................................................. 44

19.......................... Chairperson may direct Commission to sit in Divisions... 45

25.......................... Delegation by Commission............................................... 47

26.......................... Delegation by Commission of certain functions and powers 47

27.......................... Staff of Commission......................................................... 49

27A....................... Consultants....................................................................... 49

28.......................... Functions of Commission in relation to dissemination of information, law reform and research             49

29.......................... Commission to comply with directions of Minister and requirements of the Parliament          51

Part IIA—The National Competition Council                                                   52

29A....................... Establishment of Council.................................................. 52

29B........................ Functions and powers of Council..................................... 52

29BA..................... Commonwealth consent to conferral of functions etc. on Council           53

29BB..................... How duty is imposed........................................................ 54

29BC..................... When a State/Territory energy law imposes a duty........... 55

29C........................ Membership of Council.................................................... 55

29D....................... Terms and conditions of office......................................... 55

29E........................ Acting Council President.................................................. 56

29F........................ Remuneration of Councillors............................................ 56

29G....................... Leave of absence............................................................... 56

29H....................... Termination of appointment of Councillors...................... 57

29I......................... Resignation of Councillors............................................... 57

29J......................... Arrangement of Council business..................................... 57

29L........................ Council meetings.............................................................. 58

29LA..................... Resolutions without meetings........................................... 58

29M....................... Staff to help Council......................................................... 59

29N....................... Consultants....................................................................... 59

29O....................... Annual report.................................................................... 59

Part III—The Australian Competition Tribunal                                              61

30.......................... Constitution of Tribunal.................................................... 61

31.......................... Qualifications of members of Tribunal............................. 61

31A....................... Appointment of Judge as presidential member of Tribunal not to affect tenure etc. 61

32.......................... Terms and conditions of appointment............................... 62

33.......................... Remuneration and allowances of members of Tribunal.... 62

34.......................... Acting appointments......................................................... 62

35.......................... Suspension and removal of members of Tribunal............. 64

36.......................... Resignation....................................................................... 64

37.......................... Constitution of Tribunal for particular matters.................. 65

38.......................... Validity of determinations................................................. 65

39.......................... President may give directions........................................... 65

40.......................... Disclosure of interests by members of Tribunal............... 65

41.......................... Presidential member to preside......................................... 66

42.......................... Decision of questions....................................................... 66

43.......................... Member of Tribunal ceasing to be available...................... 66

43A....................... Counsel assisting Tribunal................................................ 67

43B........................ Consultants....................................................................... 67

44.......................... Staff of Tribunal............................................................... 68

44A....................... Acting appointments......................................................... 68

Part IIIAA—The Australian Energy Regulator (AER)                              69

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                            69

44AB..................... Definitions........................................................................ 69

44AC..................... This Part binds the Crown................................................ 69

44AD.................... Extra‑territorial operation.................................................. 69

Division 2—Establishment of the AER                                                              71

44AE..................... Establishment of the AER................................................. 71

44AF..................... AER to hold money and property on behalf of the Commonwealth         71

44AG.................... Constitution of the AER................................................... 71

Division 3—Functions and powers of the AER                                             72

44AH.................... Commonwealth functions................................................. 72

44AI...................... Commonwealth consent to conferral of functions etc. on AER                72

44AIA................... No merits review of AER decisions................................. 73

44AJ...................... How duty is imposed........................................................ 73

44AK..................... When a State/Territory energy law etc. imposes a duty..... 75

44AL..................... Powers of the AER........................................................... 75

Division 4—Administrative provisions relating to the AER                  76

Subdivision A—Appointment etc. of members                                                 76

44AM.................... Appointment of Commonwealth AER members.............. 76

44AO.................... Acting appointment of Commonwealth AER member...... 76

44AP..................... Appointment of State/Territory AER members................. 77

44AQ.................... Acting appointment of State/Territory AER member........ 77

44AR..................... AER Chair........................................................................ 78

44ARA.................. AER Deputy Chair........................................................... 78

44ARB.................. AER Deputy Chair to act as the AER Chair..................... 79

44AS..................... Acting AER Deputy Chair................................................ 79

44AT..................... Remuneration of AER members....................................... 80

44AU.................... Additional remuneration of AER Chair............................ 80

44AV.................... Leave of absence............................................................... 80

44AW.................... Other terms and conditions............................................... 81

44AX.................... Outside employment......................................................... 81

44AY.................... Disclosure of interests...................................................... 81

44AZ..................... Resignation....................................................................... 82

44AAB.................. Termination of appointment.............................................. 82

Subdivision B—Staff etc. to assist the AER                                                       83

44AAC.................. Staff etc. to assist the AER............................................... 83

Subdivision C—Meetings of the AER etc.                                                          83

44AAD................. Meetings........................................................................... 83

44AAE.................. Resolutions without meetings........................................... 84

44AAEA............... Arbitration........................................................................ 84

Subdivision CA—Divisions of the AER                                                              85

44AAEB............... Divisions of the AER—functions and powers under a law of the Commonwealth 85

44AAEC............... Divisions of the AER—functions and powers under a State/Territory energy law or a local energy instrument.......................................................................................... 87

Subdivision D—Miscellaneous                                                                              89

44AAF.................. Confidentiality.................................................................. 89

44AAFA............... Power of AER to obtain information and documents....... 91

44AAFB............... Failure to comply with notice to give information etc. is an offence         92

44AAFC............... AER may inspect, copy and retain documents.................. 93

44AAG................. Federal Court may make certain orders............................. 94

44AAGA.............. Federal Court may order disconnection if an event specified in the National Electricity Rules occurs     95

44AAH................. Delegation by the AER..................................................... 96

44AAI................... Fees.................................................................................. 96

44AAK.................. Regulations may deal with transitional matters................. 96

Part IIIAB—Application of the finance law                                                       98

44AAL.................. Application of the finance law.......................................... 98

Part IIIA—Access to services                                                                                        99

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                            99

44AA.................... Objects of Part.................................................................. 99

44B........................ Definitions........................................................................ 99

44C........................ How this Part applies to partnerships and joint ventures 103

44CA..................... Meaning of declaration criteria...................................... 104

44D....................... Meaning of designated Minister..................................... 105

44DA.................... The principles in the Competition Principles Agreement have status as guidelines  106

44E........................ This Part binds the Crown.............................................. 107

Division 2—Declared services                                                                             108

Subdivision A—Recommendation by the Council                                         108

44F........................ Person may request recommendation.............................. 108

44FA..................... Council may request information.................................... 110

44G....................... Criteria for the Council recommending declaration of a service               111

44GA.................... Time limit for Council recommendations........................ 111

44GB..................... Council may invite public submissions on the application 113

44GC..................... Council must publish its recommendation...................... 115

Subdivision B—Declaration by the designated Minister                              116

44H....................... Designated Minister may declare a service..................... 116

44HA.................... Designated Minister must publish his or her decision.... 116

44I......................... Duration and effect of declaration................................... 117

44J......................... Revocation of declaration................................................ 118

44K........................ Review of declaration..................................................... 119

44KA..................... Tribunal may stay operation of declaration..................... 120

44KB..................... Tribunal may order costs be awarded............................. 122

44L........................ Review of decision not to revoke a declaration............... 123

Division 2AA—Services that are ineligible to be declared                   125

Subdivision A—Scope of Division                                                                      125

44LA..................... Constitutional limits on operation of this Division.......... 125

Subdivision B—Ineligibility recommendation by Council                          125

44LB..................... Ineligibility recommendation........................................... 125

44LC..................... Council may request information.................................... 127

44LD..................... Time limit for Council recommendations........................ 128

44LE...................... Council may invite public submissions on the application 130

44LF...................... Council must publish its recommendation...................... 131

Subdivision C—Designated Minister’s decision on ineligibility                 132

44LG..................... Designated Minister’s decision on ineligibility............... 132

44LH..................... Designated Minister must publish his or her decision.... 134

Subdivision D—Revocation of ineligibility decision                                     134

44LI....................... Revocation of ineligibility decision................................. 134

Subdivision E—Review of decisions                                                                  136

44LJ...................... Review of ineligibility decisions..................................... 136

44LK..................... Review of decision to revoke or not revoke an ineligibility decision        138

Subdivision F—Other matters                                                                            140

44LL...................... Ineligibility decisions subject to alteration, cancellation etc. 140

Division 2A—Effective access regimes                                                           141

Subdivision A—Recommendation by Council                                                141

44M....................... Recommendation for a Ministerial decision on effectiveness of access regime        141

44MA.................... Council may request information.................................... 142

Subdivision B—Decision by Commonwealth Minister                                 142

44N....................... Ministerial decision on effectiveness of access regime... 142

Subdivision C—Extensions of Commonwealth Minister’s decision          144

44NA.................... Recommendation by Council.......................................... 144

44NAA................. Council may request information.................................... 145

44NB..................... Decision by the Commonwealth Minister....................... 145

Subdivision CA—Revocation of Commonwealth Minister’s decision      146

44NBA.................. Recommendation by Council.......................................... 146

44NBB.................. Council may request information.................................... 148

44NBC.................. Decision by the Commonwealth Minister....................... 149

Subdivision D—Procedural provisions                                                            149

44NC..................... Time limit for Council recommendations........................ 149

44NE..................... Council may invite public submissions........................... 152

44NF..................... Publication—Council...................................................... 154

44NG.................... Publication—Commonwealth Minister........................... 155

Subdivision E—Review of decisions                                                                  156

44O....................... Review of Ministerial decision on effectiveness of access regime           156

Subdivision F—State or Territory ceasing to be a party to Competition Principles Agreement               157

44P........................ State or Territory ceasing to be a party to Competition Principles Agreement          157

Division 2B—Competitive tender processes for government owned facilities   159

44PA..................... Approval of competitive tender process.......................... 159

44PAA.................. Commission may request information............................ 160

44PB..................... Report on conduct of tender process............................... 161

44PC..................... Revocation of approval decision..................................... 161

44PD..................... Time limit for Commission decisions............................. 163

44PE...................... Commission may invite public submissions................... 165

44PF...................... Commission must publish its decisions.......................... 166

44PG..................... Review of Commission’s initial decision........................ 167

44PH..................... Review of decision to revoke an approval...................... 169

Division 2C—Register of decisions and declarations                              171

44Q....................... Register of decisions, declarations and ineligibility decisions  171

Division 3—Access to declared services                                                         172

Subdivision A—Scope of Division                                                                      172

44R........................ Constitutional limits on operation of this Division.......... 172

Subdivision B—Notification of access disputes                                              172

44S........................ Notification of access disputes........................................ 172

44T........................ Withdrawal of notifications............................................. 173

Subdivision C—Arbitration of access disputes                                               173

44U....................... Parties to the arbitration.................................................. 173

44V....................... Determination by Commission....................................... 173

44W....................... Restrictions on access determinations............................. 175

44X....................... Matters that the Commission must take into account...... 177

44XA.................... Time limit for Commission’s final determination............ 178

44Y....................... Commission may terminate arbitration in certain cases... 179

44YA.................... Commission must terminate arbitration if declaration varied or set aside by Tribunal              180

Subdivision D—Procedure in arbitrations                                                      180

44Z........................ Constitution of Commission for conduct of arbitration... 180

44ZA..................... Member of the Commission presiding at an arbitration.. 180

44ZB..................... Reconstitution of Commission........................................ 181

44ZC..................... Determination of questions............................................. 181

44ZD..................... Hearing to be in private................................................... 181

44ZE...................... Right to representation.................................................... 182

44ZF...................... Procedure of Commission.............................................. 182

44ZG..................... Particular powers of Commission................................... 183

44ZH..................... Power to take evidence on oath or affirmation................ 184

44ZI....................... Failing to attend as a witness.......................................... 184

44ZJ...................... Failing to answer questions etc....................................... 184

44ZK..................... Intimidation etc............................................................... 185

44ZL...................... Party may request Commission to treat material as confidential               185

44ZM.................... Sections 18 and 19 do not apply to the Commission in an arbitration      186

44ZN..................... Parties to pay costs of an arbitration............................... 186

44ZNA.................. Joint arbitration hearings................................................. 186

Subdivision DA—Arbitration reports                                                               188

44ZNB.................. Arbitration reports.......................................................... 188

Subdivision E—Effect of determinations                                                        190

44ZO..................... Operation of final determinations.................................... 190

44ZOA.................. Effect and duration of interim determinations................. 191

Subdivision F—Review of final determinations                                             192

44ZP...................... Review by Tribunal........................................................ 192

44ZQ..................... Provisions that do not apply in relation to a Tribunal review 193

44ZR..................... Appeals to Federal Court from determinations of the Tribunal                193

44ZS...................... Operation and implementation of a determination that is subject to appeal               194

44ZT...................... Transmission of documents............................................ 195

Subdivision G—Variation and revocation of determinations                    195

44ZU..................... Variation of final determinations..................................... 195

44ZUA.................. Variation and revocation of interim determinations......... 195

Division 4—Registered contracts for access to declared services   196

44ZV..................... Constitutional limits on operation of this Division.......... 196

44ZW.................... Registration of contract................................................... 196

44ZX..................... Review of decision not to register contract..................... 197

44ZY..................... Effect of registration of contract...................................... 198

Division 5—Hindering access to declared services                                  199

44ZZ...................... Prohibition on hindering access to declared services...... 199

Division 6—Access undertakings and access codes for services       200

Subdivision A—Giving of access undertakings and access codes              200

44ZZA................... Access undertakings by providers.................................. 200

44ZZAAA............. Proposed amendments to access undertakings................ 202

44ZZAAB............. Access undertakings containing fixed principles............ 204

44ZZAA................ Access codes prepared by industry bodies..................... 206

44ZZAB................ Commission may rely on industry body consultations... 208

Subdivision B—Effect of access undertakings and access codes               209

44ZZBA................ When access undertakings and access codes come into operation            209

Subdivision C—Extensions of access undertakings and access codes       210

44ZZBB................ Extensions of access undertakings and access codes...... 210

Subdivision D—Procedural provisions                                                            212

44ZZBC................ Time limit for Commission decisions............................. 212

44ZZBCA............. Commission may request information............................ 214

44ZZBD................ Commission may invite public submissions................... 214

44ZZBE................. Commission must publish its decisions.......................... 216

Subdivision E—Review of decisions                                                                  217

44ZZBF................. Review of decisions........................................................ 217

Subdivision F—Register of access undertakings and access codes            219

44ZZC................... Register of access undertakings and access codes.......... 219

Division 6A—Pricing principles for access disputes and access undertakings or codes               220

44ZZCA................ Pricing principles for access disputes and access undertakings or codes 220

Division 6B—Overlap among determinations, registered contracts, access undertakings and Tribunal review                                                                                                     221

44ZZCB................ Deferring access disputes or access undertakings........... 221

44ZZCBA............. Deferral of arbitration if review is underway.................. 223

44ZZCC................ Overlap between determinations and access undertakings 224

44ZZCD................ Overlap between registered contracts and access undertakings                224

Division 7—Enforcement and remedies                                                          226

44ZZD................... Enforcement of determinations....................................... 226

44ZZE................... Enforcement of prohibition on hindering access............. 227

44ZZF................... Consent injunctions........................................................ 228

44ZZG................... Interim injunctions.......................................................... 228

44ZZH................... Factors relevant to granting a restraining injunction........ 228

44ZZI.................... Factors relevant to granting a mandatory injunction........ 228

44ZZJ.................... Enforcement of access undertakings............................... 229

44ZZK................... Discharge or variation of injunction or other order......... 229

Division 8—Miscellaneous                                                                                     230

44ZZL................... Register of determinations.............................................. 230

44ZZM.................. Commonwealth consent to conferral of functions etc. on the Commission or Tribunal by State or Territory laws................................................................................ 230

44ZZMAA............ No merits review by Tribunal of decisions under energy laws                231

44ZZMA............... How duty is imposed...................................................... 231

44ZZMB............... When a law of a State or Territory imposes a duty......... 232

44ZZN................... Compensation for acquisition of property....................... 233

44ZZNA................ Operation of Parts IV and VII not affected by this Part.. 233

44ZZO................... Conduct by directors, servants or agents........................ 233

44ZZOAAA.......... Information to be given to Tribunal................................ 235

44ZZOAA............. Tribunal only to consider particular material................... 237

44ZZOA................ Time limit for Tribunal decisions.................................... 238

44ZZP................... Regulations about review by the Tribunal....................... 241

44ZZQ................... Regulations about fees for inspection etc. of registers.... 241

44ZZR................... Procedure of the Tribunal when performing functions under a State/Territory energy law or a designated Commonwealth energy law............................................ 241

Part IV—Restrictive trade practices                                                                      243

Division 1—Cartel conduct                                                                                   243

Subdivision A—Introduction                                                                               243

45AA.................... Simplified outline............................................................ 243

45AB..................... Definitions...................................................................... 243

45AC..................... Extended meaning of party............................................. 245

45AD.................... Cartel provisions............................................................. 245

45AE..................... Meaning of expressions in other provisions of this Act. 251

Subdivision B—Offences etc.                                                                              252

45AF..................... Making a contract etc. containing a cartel provision........ 252

45AG.................... Giving effect to a cartel provision................................... 253

45AH.................... Determining guilt............................................................ 254

45AI...................... Court may make related civil orders................................ 254

Subdivision C—Civil penalty provisions                                                         254

45AJ...................... Making a contract etc. containing a cartel provision........ 254

45AK..................... Giving effect to a cartel provision................................... 255

Subdivision D—Exceptions                                                                                  255

45AL..................... Conduct notified............................................................. 255

45AM.................... Cartel provision subject to grant of authorisation............ 256

45AN.................... Contracts, arrangements or understandings between related bodies corporate         256

45AO.................... Joint ventures—prosecution........................................... 257

45AP..................... Joint ventures—civil penalty proceedings....................... 258

45AQ.................... Resale price maintenance................................................ 259

45AR..................... Exclusive dealing............................................................ 259

45AS..................... Dual listed company arrangement................................... 260

45AT..................... Acquisition of shares or assets....................................... 261

45AU.................... Collective acquisition of goods or services by the parties to a contract, arrangement or understanding   261

Division 2—Other provisions                                                                               263

45.......................... Contracts, arrangements or understandings that restrict dealings or affect competition            263

45D....................... Secondary boycotts for the purpose of causing substantial loss or damage             267

45DA.................... Secondary boycotts for the purpose of causing substantial lessening of competition               268

45DB..................... Boycotts affecting trade or commerce............................. 268

45DC..................... Involvement and liability of employee organisations...... 269

45DD.................... Situations in which boycotts permitted........................... 271

45E........................ Prohibition of contracts, arrangements or understandings affecting the supply or acquisition of goods or services........................................................................... 275

45EA..................... Provisions contravening section 45E not to be given effect 278

45EB..................... Sections 45D to 45EA do not affect operation of other provisions of Part              279

46.......................... Misuse of market power................................................. 279

46A....................... Misuse of market power—corporation with substantial degree of power in trans‑Tasman market          281

46B........................ No immunity from jurisdiction in relation to certain New Zealand laws  283

47.......................... Exclusive dealing............................................................ 284

48.......................... Resale price maintenance................................................ 290

49.......................... Dual listed company arrangements that affect competition 290

50.......................... Prohibition of acquisitions that would result in a substantial lessening of competition            292

50A....................... Acquisitions that occur outside Australia........................ 294

51.......................... Exceptions...................................................................... 296

51AAA................. Concurrent operation of State and Territory laws........... 301

Part IVB—Industry codes                                                                                            302

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                          302

51ACA.................. Definitions...................................................................... 302

Division 2—Contravention of industry codes                                              304

51ACB.................. Contravention of industry codes..................................... 304

Division 2A—Infringement notices                                                                   305

51ACC.................. Purpose and effect of this Division................................. 305

51ACD.................. Issuing an infringement notice........................................ 305

51ACE.................. Matters to be included in an infringement notice............. 306

51ACF.................. Amount of penalty.......................................................... 306

51ACG.................. Effect of compliance with an infringement notice........... 307

51ACH.................. Effect of failure to comply with an infringement notice.. 307

51ACI................... Infringement notice compliance period for infringement notice                308

51ACJ................... Withdrawal of an infringement notice............................. 308

Division 3—Public warning notices                                                                   311

51ADA................. Commission may issue a public warning notice............. 311

Division 4—Orders to redress loss or damage suffered by non‑parties etc.       312

51ADB.................. Orders to redress loss or damage suffered by non‑parties etc. 312

51ADC.................. Kinds of orders that may be made to redress loss or damage suffered by non‑parties etc.       314

Division 5—Investigation power                                                                        316

51ADD................. Commission may require corporation to provide information  316

51ADE.................. Extending periods for complying with notices................ 316

51ADF.................. Compliance with notices................................................. 317

51ADG................. False or misleading information etc................................ 317

Division 6—Miscellaneous                                                                                     319

51AE..................... Regulations relating to industry codes............................ 319

51AEA.................. Concurrent operation of State and Territory laws........... 319

Part IVBA—News media and digital platforms mandatory bargaining code      320

Division 1—Basic concepts                                                                                    320

52A....................... Definitions...................................................................... 320

52B........................ Making content available................................................ 322

52C........................ Interacting with content................................................... 322

52D....................... Distributing content........................................................ 323

Division 2—Designated digital platform corporation and designated digital platform services              325

52E........................ Minister may make designation determination................ 325

Division 3—Registered news businesses and registered news business corporations    327

52F........................ Application for registration of news business and news business corporation        327

52G....................... Registration of news business and news business corporation                327

52H....................... Revocation of registration or endorsement—general...... 328

52I......................... Revocation of registration or endorsement—false or misleading information or documents    330

52J......................... Obligation on registered news business corporation to notify ACMA of loss of qualification for registration........................................................................................ 330

52K........................ Adding or removing news source from registered news business           331

52L........................ Requirements for connection between corporation and news business    332

52M....................... Revenue test.................................................................... 332

52N....................... Content test..................................................................... 333

52O....................... Australian audience test.................................................. 333

52P........................ Professional standards test.............................................. 334

Division 4—General requirements                                                                    335

Subdivision A—Preliminary                                                                               335

52Q....................... Obligations in respect of digital platform services individually                335

Subdivision B—The minimum standards                                                        335

52R........................ Giving list and explanation of data provided to registered news businesses            335

52S........................ Change to algorithm to bring about identified alteration to distribution of content with significant effect on referral traffic.................................................................. 337

52V....................... Section 52S—dominant purpose.................................... 338

52W.......................