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Fair Work Act 2009

Authoritative Version
  • - C2021C00377
  • In force - Superseded Version
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Act No. 28 of 2009 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Fair Work Amendment (Supporting Australia’s Jobs and Economic Recovery) Act 2021
An Act relating to workplace relations, and for related purposes
Administered by: Attorney-General's
Registered 27 Sep 2021
Start Date 01 Sep 2021
End Date 10 Sep 2021

Commonwealth Coat of Arms of Australia

Fair Work Act 2009

No. 28, 2009

Compilation No. 44

Compilation date:                              1 September 2021

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 25, 2021

Registered:                                         27 September 2021

This compilation is in 2 volumes

Volume 1:       sections 1–536H

Volume 2:       sections 537–800

                        Schedules

                        Endnotes

Each volume has its own contents

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Fair Work Act 2009 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 1 September 2021 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Chapter 1—Introduction                                                                                       1

Part 1‑1—Introduction                                                                                                       1

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                              1

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 1

Division 2—Object of this Act                                                                                 4

3............ Object of this Act................................................................................ 4

Division 3—Guide to this Act                                                                                   6

4............ Guide to this Act................................................................................. 6

5............ Terms and conditions of employment (Chapter 2).............................. 7

6............ Rights and responsibilities of employees, employers, organisations etc. (Chapter 3)               8

7............ Compliance and enforcement (Chapter 4)........................................... 9

8............ Administration (Chapter 5)................................................................. 9

9............ Miscellaneous (Chapter 6)................................................................ 10

9A......... Application, transitional and saving provisions for amendments (Schedules)          11

Part 1‑2—Definitions                                                                                                         12

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                          12

10.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 12

11.......... Meanings of employee and employer................................................ 12

Division 2—The Dictionary                                                                                     13

12.......... The Dictionary.................................................................................. 13

Division 3—Definitions relating to the meanings of employee, employer etc.    47

13.......... Meaning of national system employee.............................................. 47

14.......... Meaning of national system employer.............................................. 47

14A....... Transitional matters relating to employers etc. becoming, or ceasing to be, national system employers etc.             49

15.......... Ordinary meanings of employee and employer................................. 50

15A....... Meaning of casual employee............................................................. 50

Division 4—Other definitions                                                                                 52

16.......... Meaning of base rate of pay............................................................. 52

17.......... Meaning of child of a person............................................................ 53

17A....... Meaning of directly and indirectly (in relation to TCF work)............ 53

18.......... Meaning of full rate of pay................................................................ 54

19.......... Meaning of industrial action............................................................. 55

20.......... Meaning of ordinary hours of work for award/agreement free employees               56

21.......... Meaning of pieceworker................................................................... 57

22.......... Meanings of service and continuous service..................................... 58

23.......... Meaning of small business employer................................................ 61

23A....... Terms relating to superannuation...................................................... 62

Part 1‑3—Application of this Act                                                                               64

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                          64

24.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 64

25.......... Meanings of employee and employer................................................ 64

Division 2—Interaction with State and Territory laws                            65

26.......... Act excludes State or Territory industrial laws.................................. 65

27.......... State and Territory laws that are not excluded by section 26............. 67

28.......... Act excludes prescribed State and Territory laws.............................. 68

29.......... Interaction of modern awards and enterprise agreements with State and Territory laws           69

30.......... Act may exclude State and Territory laws etc. in other cases............ 69

Division 2A—Application of this Act in States that refer matters before 1 July 2009  70

30A....... Meaning of terms used in this Division............................................ 70

30B....... Meaning of referring State................................................................ 75

30C....... Extended meaning of national system employee............................... 78

30D....... Extended meaning of national system employer............................... 78

30E........ Extended ordinary meanings of employee and employer................... 79

30F........ Extended meaning of outworker entity.............................................. 79

30G....... General protections........................................................................... 80

30H....... Division only has effect if supported by reference............................ 80

Division 2B—Application of this Act in States that refer matters after 1 July 2009 but on or before 1 January 2010                                                                                    81

30K....... Meaning of terms used in this Division............................................ 81

30L........ Meaning of referring State................................................................ 86

30M...... Extended meaning of national system employee............................... 89

30N....... Extended meaning of national system employer............................... 89

30P........ Extended ordinary meanings of employee and employer................... 90

30Q....... Extended meaning of outworker entity.............................................. 90

30R....... General protections........................................................................... 91

30S........ Division only has effect if supported by reference............................ 91

Division 3—Geographical application of this Act                                       92

31.......... Exclusion of persons etc. insufficiently connected with Australia..... 92

32.......... Regulations may modify application of this Act in certain parts of Australia           92

32A....... Rules may modify application of this Act in Norfolk Island............. 93

33.......... Extension of this Act to the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf       94

34.......... Extension of this Act beyond the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf               95

35.......... Meanings of Australian employer and Australian‑based employee.. 97

35A....... Regulations excluding application of Act.......................................... 98

36.......... Geographical application of offences................................................ 98

Division 4—Miscellaneous                                                                                       99

37.......... Act binds Crown............................................................................... 99

38.......... Act not to apply so as to exceed Commonwealth power................... 99

39.......... Acquisition of property................................................................... 100

40.......... Interaction between fair work instruments and public sector employment laws       100

40A....... Application of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.............................. 101

Chapter 2—Terms and conditions of employment                102

Part 2‑1—Core provisions for this Chapter                                                      102

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        102

41.......... Guide to this Part............................................................................ 102

42.......... Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 103

Division 2—Core provisions for this Chapter                                             104

Subdivision A—Terms and conditions of employment provided under this Act            104

43.......... Terms and conditions of employment provided under this Act....... 104

Subdivision B—Terms and conditions of employment provided by the National Employment Standards            105

44.......... Contravening the National Employment Standards......................... 105

Subdivision C—Terms and conditions of employment provided by a modern award 105

45.......... Contravening a modern award........................................................ 105

46.......... The significance of a modern award applying to a person............... 105

47.......... When a modern award applies to an employer, employee, organisation or outworker entity   106

48.......... When a modern award covers an employer, employee, organisation or outworker entity        107

49.......... When a modern award is in operation............................................. 108

Subdivision D—Terms and conditions of employment provided by an enterprise agreement  109

50.......... Contravening an enterprise agreement............................................. 109

51.......... The significance of an enterprise agreement applying to a person... 109

52.......... When an enterprise agreement applies to an employer, employee or employee organisation    109

53.......... When an enterprise agreement covers an employer, employee or employee organisation         110

54.......... When an enterprise agreement is in operation................................. 111

Division 3—Interaction between the National Employment Standards, modern awards and enterprise agreements                                                                                           113

Subdivision A—Interaction between the National Employment Standards and a modern award or an enterprise agreement                                                                                   113

55.......... Interaction between the National Employment Standards and a modern award or enterprise agreement  113

56.......... Terms of a modern award or enterprise agreement contravening section 55 have no effect      115

Subdivision B—Interaction between modern awards and enterprise agreements         116

57.......... Interaction between modern awards and enterprise agreements...... 116

57A....... Designated outworker terms of a modern award continue to apply. 116

Subdivision C—Interaction between one or more enterprise agreements 117

58.......... Only one enterprise agreement can apply to an employee............... 117

Part 2‑2—The National Employment Standards                                           119

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        119

59.......... Guide to this Part............................................................................ 119

60.......... Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 120

Division 2—The National Employment Standards                                   121

61.......... The National Employment Standards are minimum standards applying to employment of employees     121

Division 3—Maximum weekly hours                                                                122

62.......... Maximum weekly hours................................................................. 122

63.......... Modern awards and enterprise agreements may provide for averaging of hours of work        123

64.......... Averaging of hours of work for award/agreement free employees. 124

Division 4—Requests for flexible working arrangements                    125

65.......... Requests for flexible working arrangements................................... 125

66.......... State and Territory laws that are not excluded................................. 127

Division 4A—Offers and requests for casual conversion                     128

Subdivision A—Application of Division                                                           128

66A....... Division applies to casual employees etc......................................... 128

Subdivision B—Employer offers for casual conversion                             128

66AA.... Subdivision does not apply to small business employers................ 128

66B....... Employer offers.............................................................................. 128

66C....... When employer offers not required................................................. 129

66D....... Employee must give a response...................................................... 131

66E........ Acceptances of offers...................................................................... 131

Subdivision C—Residual right to request casual conversion                      131

66F........ Employee requests.......................................................................... 131

66G....... Employer must give a response....................................................... 133

66H....... Refusals of requests........................................................................ 133

66J........ Grants of requests........................................................................... 134

Subdivision D—Other provisions                                                                       135

66K....... Effect of conversion........................................................................ 135

66L........ Other rights and obligations............................................................ 135

66M...... Disputes about the operation of this Division................................. 135

Division 5—Parental leave and related entitlements                               138

Subdivision A—General                                                                                       138

67.......... General rule—employee must have completed at least 12 months of service           138

68.......... General rule for adoption‑related leave—child must be under 16 etc. 140

69.......... Transfer of employment situations in which employee is entitled to continue on leave etc.      140

Subdivision B—Parental leave                                                                           141

70.......... Entitlement to unpaid parental leave................................................ 141

71.......... The period of leave—other than for members of an employee couple who each intend to take leave       141

72.......... The period of leave—members of an employee couple who each intend to take leave             143

72A....... Flexible unpaid parental leave......................................................... 146

73.......... Pregnant employee may be required to take unpaid parental leave within 6 weeks before the birth          148

74.......... Notice and evidence requirements................................................... 150

75.......... Extending period of unpaid parental leave—extending to use more of available parental leave period     153

76.......... Extending period of unpaid parental leave—extending for up to 12 months beyond available parental leave period........................................................................................................ 154

77.......... Reducing period of unpaid parental leave........................................ 156

77A....... Effect of stillbirth or death of child on unpaid parental leave........... 156

78.......... Employee who ceases to have responsibility for care of child......... 158

78A....... Hospitalised children....................................................................... 158

79.......... Interaction with paid leave............................................................... 160

79A....... Keeping in touch days..................................................................... 161

79B....... Unpaid parental leave not extended by paid leave or keeping in touch days             162

Subdivision C—Other entitlements                                                                    162

80.......... Unpaid special maternity leave........................................................ 162

81.......... Transfer to a safe job....................................................................... 164

81A....... Paid no safe job leave...................................................................... 164

82.......... Employee on paid no safe job leave may be asked to provide a further medical certificate       165

82A....... Unpaid no safe job leave................................................................. 166

83.......... Consultation with employee on unpaid parental leave..................... 166

84.......... Return to work guarantee................................................................ 166

84A....... Replacement employees.................................................................. 167

85.......... Unpaid pre‑adoption leave.............................................................. 167

Division 6—Annual leave                                                                                       169

86.......... Division applies to employees other than casual employees............ 169

87.......... Entitlement to annual leave.............................................................. 169

88.......... Taking paid annual leave................................................................. 170

89.......... Employee not taken to be on paid annual leave at certain times....... 171

90.......... Payment for annual leave................................................................ 171

91.......... Transfer of employment situations that affect entitlement to payment for period of untaken paid annual leave        171

92.......... Paid annual leave must not be cashed out except in accordance with permitted cashing out terms           172

93.......... Modern awards and enterprise agreements may include terms relating to cashing out and taking paid annual leave........................................................................................................ 172

94.......... Cashing out and taking paid annual leave for award/agreement free employees       173

Division 7—Personal/carer’s leave, compassionate leave and unpaid family and domestic violence leave                                                                                                                    175

Subdivision A—Paid personal/carer’s leave                                                   175

95.......... Subdivision applies to employees other than casual employees...... 175

96.......... Entitlement to paid personal/carer’s leave........................................ 175

97.......... Taking paid personal/carer’s leave.................................................. 175

98.......... Employee taken not to be on paid personal/carer’s leave on public holiday              176

99.......... Payment for paid personal/carer’s leave.......................................... 176

100........ Paid personal/carer’s leave must not be cashed out except in accordance with permitted cashing out terms             176

101........ Modern awards and enterprise agreements may include terms relating to cashing out paid personal/carer’s leave   176

Subdivision B—Unpaid carer’s leave                                                               177

102........ Entitlement to unpaid carer’s leave.................................................. 177

103........ Taking unpaid carer’s leave............................................................. 177

Subdivision C—Compassionate leave                                                               178

104........ Entitlement to compassionate leave................................................. 178

105........ Taking compassionate leave............................................................ 178

106........ Payment for compassionate leave (other than for casual employees) 179

Subdivision CA—Unpaid family and domestic violence leave                   179

106A..... Entitlement to unpaid family and domestic violence leave............... 179

106B..... Taking unpaid family and domestic violence leave.......................... 180

106C..... Confidentiality................................................................................. 181

106D..... Operation of unpaid family and domestic violence leave and leave for victims of crime          181

106E...... Entitlement to days of leave............................................................. 182

Subdivision D—Notice and evidence requirements                                       182

107........ Notice and evidence requirements................................................... 182

Division 8—Community service leave                                                             184

108........ Entitlement to be absent from employment for engaging in eligible community service activity               184

109........ Meaning of eligible community service activity............................... 184

110........ Notice and evidence requirements................................................... 186

111........ Payment to employees (other than casuals) on jury service............. 186

112........ State and Territory laws that are not excluded................................. 188

Division 9—Long service leave                                                                           190

113........ Entitlement to long service leave..................................................... 190

113A..... Enterprise agreements may contain terms discounting service under prior agreements etc. in certain circumstances........................................................................................................ 192

Division 10—Public holidays                                                                                194

114........ Entitlement to be absent from employment on public holiday......... 194

115........ Meaning of public holiday.............................................................. 195

116........ Payment for absence on public holiday........................................... 196

Division 11—Notice of termination and redundancy pay                     197

Subdivision A—Notice of termination or payment in lieu of notice         197

117........ Requirement for notice of termination or payment in lieu................ 197

118........ Modern awards and enterprise agreements may provide for notice of termination by employees            198

Subdivision B—Redundancy pay                                                                       198

119........ Redundancy pay.............................................................................. 198

120........ Variation of redundancy pay for other employment or incapacity to pay  199

121........ Exclusions from obligation to pay redundancy pay......................... 200

122........ Transfer of employment situations that affect the obligation to pay redundancy pay                201

Subdivision C—Limits on scope of this Division                                            202

123........ Limits on scope of this Division..................................................... 202

Division 12—Fair Work Ombudsman to prepare and publish statements           204

124........ Fair Work Ombudsman to prepare and publish Fair Work Information Statement  204

125........ Giving new employees the Fair Work Information Statement......... 204

125A..... Fair Work Ombudsman to prepare and publish Casual Employment Information Statement   205

125B..... Giving new employees the Casual Employment Information Statement.. 206

Division 13—Miscellaneous                                                                                   207

126........ Modern awards and enterprise agreements may provide for school‑based apprentices and trainees to be paid loadings in lieu.................................................................................................. 207

127........ Regulations about what modern awards and enterprise agreements can do              207

128........ Relationship between National Employment Standards and agreements etc. permitted by this Part for award/agreement free employees................................................................................ 208

129........ Regulations about what can be agreed to etc. in relation to award/agreement free employees   208

130........ Restriction on taking or accruing leave or absence while receiving workers’ compensation    208

131........ Relationship with other Commonwealth laws................................. 209

Part 2‑3—Modern awards                                                                                            210

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        210

132........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 210

133........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 211

Division 2—Overarching provisions                                                                212

134........ The modern awards objective.......................................................... 212

135........ Special provisions relating to modern award minimum wages........ 213

Division 3—Terms of modern awards                                                             214

Subdivision A—Preliminary                                                                               214

136........ What can be included in modern awards......................................... 214

137........ Terms that contravene section 136 have no effect........................... 215

138........ Achieving the modern awards objective.......................................... 215

Subdivision B—Terms that may be included in modern awards               215

139........ Terms that may be included in modern awards—general................ 215

140........ Outworker terms............................................................................. 216

141........ Industry‑specific redundancy schemes............................................ 217

142........ Incidental and machinery terms....................................................... 218

Subdivision C—Terms that must be included in modern awards              219

143........ Coverage terms of modern awards other than modern enterprise awards and State reference public sector modern awards........................................................................................................ 219

143A..... Coverage terms of modern enterprise awards................................. 221

143B..... Coverage terms of State reference public sector modern awards..... 223

144........ Flexibility terms.............................................................................. 224

145........ Effect of individual flexibility arrangement that does not meet requirements of flexibility term                225

145A..... Consultation about changes to rosters or hours of work................. 226

146........ Terms about settling disputes.......................................................... 226

147........ Ordinary hours of work.................................................................. 227

148........ Base and full rates of pay for pieceworkers.................................... 227

149........ Automatic variation of allowances.................................................. 227

149B..... Term requiring avoidance of liability to pay superannuation guarantee charge         228

149C..... Default fund terms.......................................................................... 228

149D..... Default fund term must provide for contributions to be made to certain funds         228

Subdivision D—Terms that must not be included in modern awards       230

150........ Objectionable terms......................................................................... 230

151........ Terms about payments and deductions for benefit of employer etc. 230

152........ Terms about right of entry............................................................... 231

153........ Terms that are discriminatory.......................................................... 231

154........ Terms that contain State‑based differences...................................... 232

155........ Terms dealing with long service leave............................................. 233

Division 4A—4 yearly reviews of default fund terms of modern awards             234

Subdivision A—4 yearly reviews of default fund terms                               234

156A..... 4 yearly reviews of default fund terms............................................ 234

Subdivision B—The first stage of the 4 yearly review                                 235

156B..... Making the Default Superannuation List......................................... 235

156C..... Applications to list a standard MySuper product............................ 235

156D..... Submissions on applications to list a standard MySuper product... 236

156E...... Determining applications to list a standard MySuper product......... 237

156F...... First stage criteria............................................................................ 237

Subdivision C—Second stage of the 4 yearly review                                    238

156G..... Review of the default fund term of modern awards........................ 238

156H..... Default fund term must specify certain superannuation funds......... 239

156J...... Variation to comply with section 149D........................................... 240

156K..... Transitional authorisation for certain superannuation funds............ 240

Subdivision D—The Schedule of Approved Employer MySuper Products 240

156L...... The Schedule of Approved Employer MySuper Products.............. 240

156M.... FWC to invite applications to include employer MySuper products on schedule     241

156N..... Making applications to include employer MySuper products on schedule               241

156P...... FWC to determine applications....................................................... 242

156Q..... The first stage test........................................................................... 243

156R..... Submissions about the first stage test.............................................. 243

156S...... The second stage test....................................................................... 244

156T...... Submissions about the second stage test......................................... 244

Subdivision E—Publishing documents under this Division                         245

156U..... Publishing documents under this Division...................................... 245

Division 5—Exercising modern award powers                                          246

Subdivision A—Exercise of powers if necessary to achieve modern awards objective               246

157........ FWC may vary etc. modern awards if necessary to achieve modern awards objective             246

158........ Applications to vary, revoke or make modern award...................... 247

Subdivision B—Other situations                                                                        249

159........ Variation of modern award to update or omit name of employer, organisation or outworker entity         249

159A..... Variation of default fund term of modern award............................. 250

160........ Variation of modern award to remove ambiguity or uncertainty or correct error      251

161........ Variation of modern award on referral by Australian Human Rights Commission  252

Division 6—General provisions relating to modern award powers 253

162........ General............................................................................................ 253

163........ Special criteria relating to changing coverage of modern awards.... 253

164........ Special criteria for revoking modern awards................................... 254

165........ When variation determinations come into operation, other than determinations setting, varying or revoking modern award minimum wages.............................................................................. 254

166........ When variation determinations setting, varying or revoking modern award minimum wages come into operation  255

167........ Special rules relating to retrospective variations of awards............. 256

168........ Varied modern award must be published........................................ 257

Division 7—Additional provisions relating to modern enterprise awards           258

168A..... Modern enterprise awards............................................................... 258

168B..... The modern enterprise awards objective......................................... 259

168C..... Rules about making and revoking modern enterprise awards......... 259

168D..... Rules about changing coverage of modern enterprise awards......... 261

Division 8—Additional provisions relating to State reference public sector modern awards   262

168E...... State reference public sector modern awards................................... 262

168F...... The State reference public sector modern awards objective............. 262

168G..... Making State reference public sector modern awards on application 263

168H..... State reference public sector modern awards may contain State‑based differences   264

168J...... When State reference public sector modern awards come into operation  264

168K..... Rules about revoking State reference public sector modern awards 265

168L...... Rules about varying coverage of State reference public sector modern awards        266

Part 2‑4—Enterprise agreements                                                                             267

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        267

169........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 267

170........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 268

171........ Objects of this Part.......................................................................... 268

Division 2—Employers and employees may make enterprise agreements          270

172........ Making an enterprise agreement...................................................... 270

Division 3—Bargaining and representation during bargaining        273

173........ Notice of employee representational rights...................................... 273

174........ Content and form of notice of employee representational rights...... 274

176........ Bargaining representatives for proposed enterprise agreements that are not greenfields agreements        275

177........ Bargaining representatives for proposed enterprise agreements that are greenfields agreements              277

178........ Appointment of bargaining representatives—other matters............. 278

178A..... Revocation of appointment of bargaining representatives etc.......... 279

178B..... Notified negotiation period for a proposed single‑enterprise agreement that is a greenfields agreement   280

Division 4—Approval of enterprise agreements                                        281

Subdivision A—Pre‑approval steps and applications for the FWC’s approval             281

179........ Disclosure by organisations that are bargaining representatives...... 281

179A..... Disclosure by employers................................................................. 282

180........ Employees must be given a copy of a proposed enterprise agreement etc.               283

181........ Employers may request employees to approve a proposed enterprise agreement     285

182........ When an enterprise agreement is made............................................ 286

183........ Entitlement of an employee organisation to have an enterprise agreement cover it   287

184........ Multi‑enterprise agreement to be varied if not all employees approve the agreement                288

185........ Bargaining representative must apply for the FWC’s approval of an enterprise agreement      289

185A..... Material that must accompany an application under subsection 182(4) for approval of a greenfields agreement      290

Subdivision B—Approval of enterprise agreements by the FWC             290

186........ When the FWC must approve an enterprise agreement—general requirements        290

187........ When the FWC must approve an enterprise agreement—additional requirements    292

188........ When employees have genuinely agreed to an enterprise agreement 294

188A..... Disclosure documents..................................................................... 295

189........ FWC may approve an enterprise agreement that does not pass better off overall test—public interest test               295

190........ FWC may approve an enterprise agreement with undertakings....... 296

191........ Effect of undertakings..................................................................... 297

192........ When the FWC may refuse to approve an enterprise agreement..... 297

Subdivision C—Better off overall test                                                              298

193........ Passing the better off overall test..................................................... 298

Subdivision D—Unlawful terms                                                                         300

194........ Meaning of unlawful term............................................................... 300

195........ Meaning of discriminatory term..................................................... 301

195A..... Meaning of objectionable emergency management term................ 302

Subdivision E—Approval requirements relating to particular kinds of employees     305

196........ Shiftworkers................................................................................... 305

197........ Pieceworkers—enterprise agreement includes pieceworker term.... 305

198........ Pieceworkers—enterprise agreement does not include a pieceworker term              306

199........ School‑based apprentices and school‑based trainees....................... 306

200........ Outworkers..................................................................................... 307

Subdivision F—Other matters                                                                            307

201........ Approval decision to note certain matters........................................ 307

Division 5—Mandatory terms of enterprise agreements                      309

202........ Enterprise agreements to include a flexibility term etc..................... 309

203........ Requirements to be met by a flexibility term................................... 310

204........ Effect of arrangement that does not meet requirements of flexibility term                311

205........ Enterprise agreements to include a consultation term etc................. 312

Division 6—Base rate of pay under enterprise agreements                314

206........ Base rate of pay under an enterprise agreement must not be less than the modern award rate or the national minimum wage order rate etc.......................................................................... 314

Division 7—Variation and termination of enterprise agreements   316

Subdivision A—Variation of enterprise agreements by employers and employees      316

207........ Variation of an enterprise agreement may be made by employers and employees    316

208........ Employers may request employees to approve a proposed variation of an enterprise agreement              317

209........ When a variation of an enterprise agreement is made...................... 317

210........ Application for the FWC’s approval of a variation of an enterprise agreement        318

211........ When the FWC must approve a variation of an enterprise agreement 318

212........ FWC may approve a variation of an enterprise agreement with undertakings          321

213........ Effect of undertakings..................................................................... 321

214........ When the FWC may refuse to approve a variation of an enterprise agreement         322

215........ Approval decision to note undertakings.......................................... 322

216........ When variation comes into operation.............................................. 323

Subdivision B—Variations of enterprise agreements where there is ambiguity, uncertainty or discrimination  323

217........ Variation of an enterprise agreement to remove an ambiguity or uncertainty            323

217A..... FWC may deal with certain disputes about variations..................... 323

218........ Variation of an enterprise agreement on referral by Australian Human Rights Commission    324

Subdivision C—Termination of enterprise agreements by employers and employees                325

219........ Employers and employees may agree to terminate an enterprise agreement              325

220........ Employers may request employees to approve a proposed termination of an enterprise agreement          325

221........ When termination of an enterprise agreement is agreed to............... 326

222........ Application for the FWC’s approval of a termination of an enterprise agreement    326

223........ When the FWC must approve a termination of an enterprise agreement.. 327

224........ When termination comes into operation.......................................... 328

Subdivision D—Termination of enterprise agreements after nominal expiry date      328

225........ Application for termination of an enterprise agreement after its nominal expiry date                328

226........ When the FWC must terminate an enterprise agreement................. 328

227........ When termination comes into operation.......................................... 329

Division 8—FWC’s general role in facilitating bargaining                  330

Subdivision A—Bargaining orders                                                                   330

228........ Bargaining representatives must meet the good faith bargaining requirements         330

229........ Applications for bargaining orders.................................................. 331

230........ When the FWC may make a bargaining order................................. 332

231........ What a bargaining order must specify............................................. 333

232........ Operation of a bargaining order...................................................... 335

233........ Contravening a bargaining order..................................................... 335

Subdivision B—Serious breach declarations                                                  335

234........ Applications for serious breach declarations................................... 335

235........ When the FWC may make a serious breach declaration.................. 336

Subdivision C—Majority support determinations and scope orders        338

236........ Majority support determinations..................................................... 338

237........ When the FWC must make a majority support determination......... 338

238........ Scope orders................................................................................... 339

239........ Operation of a scope order.............................................................. 341

Subdivision D—FWC may deal with a bargaining dispute on request     342

240........ Application for the FWC to deal with a bargaining dispute............. 342

Division 9—Low‑paid bargaining                                                                      343

241........ Objects of this Division.................................................................. 343

242........ Low‑paid authorisations.................................................................. 343

243........ When the FWC must make a low‑paid authorisation...................... 344

244........ Variation of low‑paid authorisations—general................................ 346

245........ Variation of low‑paid authorisations—enterprise agreement etc. comes into operation            347

246........ FWC’s assistance for the low‑paid................................................. 347

Division 10—Single interest employer authorisations                            349

Subdivision A—Declaration that employers may bargain together for a proposed enterprise agreement            349

247........ Ministerial declaration that employers may bargain together for a proposed enterprise agreement           349

Subdivision B—Single interest employer authorisations                             350

248........ Single interest employer authorisations........................................... 350

249........ When the FWC must make a single interest employer authorisation 350

250........ What a single interest employer authorisation must specify............ 352

251........ Variation of single interest employer authorisations........................ 352

252........ Variation to extend period single interest employer authorisation is in operation     353

Division 11—Other matters                                                                                  354

253........ Terms of an enterprise agreement that are of no effect.................... 354

254........ Applications by bargaining representatives..................................... 354

254A..... Entitlement for volunteer bodies to make submissions.................... 355

255........ Part does not empower the FWC to make certain orders................. 355

255A..... Limitations relating to greenfields agreements................................. 356

256........ Prospective employers and employees............................................ 357

256A..... How employees, employers and employee organisations are to be described          357

257........ Enterprise agreements may incorporate material in force from time to time etc.        357

Part 2‑5—Workplace determinations                                                                    358

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        358

258........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 358

259........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 359

Division 2—Low‑paid workplace determinations                                     360

260........ Applications for low‑paid workplace determinations...................... 360

261........ When the FWC must make a consent low‑paid workplace determination                361

262........ When the FWC must make a special low‑paid workplace determination—general requirements             362

263........ When the FWC must make a special low‑paid workplace determination—additional requirements         363

264........ Terms etc. of a low‑paid workplace determination.......................... 364

265........ No other terms................................................................................ 364

Division 3—Industrial action related workplace determinations     365

266........ When the FWC must make an industrial action related workplace determination     365

267........ Terms etc. of an industrial action related workplace determination.. 366

268........ No other terms................................................................................ 367

Division 4—Bargaining related workplace determinations                 368

269........ When the FWC must make a bargaining related workplace determination               368

270........ Terms etc. of a bargaining related workplace determination............ 369

271........ No other terms................................................................................ 371

271A..... Limitations relating to greenfields agreements................................. 371

Division 5—Core terms, mandatory terms and agreed terms of workplace determinations etc.           372

272........ Core terms of workplace determinations......................................... 372

273........ Mandatory terms of workplace determinations............................... 373

274........ Agreed terms for workplace determinations.................................... 374

275........ Factors the FWC must take into account in deciding terms of a workplace determination        375

Division 6—Operation, coverage and interaction etc. of workplace determinations    376

276........ When a workplace determination operates etc................................. 376

277........ Employers, employees and employee organisations covered by a workplace determination    376

278........ Interaction of a workplace determination with enterprise agreements etc. 377

279........ Act applies to a workplace determination as if it were an enterprise agreement        378

Division 7—Other matters                                                                                     380

280........ Contravening a workplace determination........................................ 380

281........ Applications by bargaining representatives..................................... 380

281AA.. Entitlement for volunteer bodies to make submissions.................... 380

281A..... How employees, employers and employee organisations are to be described          381

Part 2‑6—Minimum wages                                                                                           382

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        382

282........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 382

283........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 383

Division 2—Overarching provisions                                                                384

284........ The minimum wages objective........................................................ 384

Division 3—Annual wage reviews                                                                     386

Subdivision A—Main provisions                                                                        386

285........ Annual wage reviews to be conducted............................................ 386

286........ When annual wage review determinations varying modern awards come into operation         386

287........ When national minimum wage orders come into operation etc........ 387

Subdivision B—Provisions about conduct of annual wage reviews          389

288........ General............................................................................................ 389

289........ Everyone to have a reasonable opportunity to make and comment on submissions 389

290........ President may direct investigations and reports............................... 390

291........ Research must be published............................................................ 391

292........ Varied wage rates must be published.............................................. 391

Division 4—National minimum wage orders                                               392

293........ Contravening a national minimum wage order................................ 392

294........ Content of national minimum wage order—main provisions.......... 392

295........ Content of national minimum wage order—other matters............... 393

296........ Variation of national minimum wage order to remove ambiguity or uncertainty or correct error              394

297........ When determinations varying national minimum wage orders come into operation 394

298........ Special rule about retrospective variations of national minimum wage orders          395

299........ When a national minimum wage order is in operation..................... 396

Part 2‑7—Equal remuneration                                                                                  397

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        397

300........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 397

301........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 397

Division 2—Equal remuneration orders                                                        398

302........ FWC may make an order requiring equal remuneration.................. 398

303........ Equal remuneration order may increase, but must not reduce, rates of remuneration                399

304........ Equal remuneration order may implement equal remuneration in stages.. 399

305........ Contravening an equal remuneration order...................................... 399

306........ Inconsistency with modern awards, enterprise agreements and orders of the FWC 400

Part 2‑8—Transfer of business                                                                                  401

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        401

307........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 401

308........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 401

309........ Object of this Part........................................................................... 402

Division 2—Transfer of instruments                                                                403

310........ Application of this Division............................................................ 403

311........ When does a transfer of business occur.......................................... 403

312........ Instruments that may transfer.......................................................... 405

313........ Transferring employees and new employer covered by transferable instrument       405

314........ New non‑transferring employees of new employer may be covered by transferable instrument              406

315........ Organisations covered by transferable instrument........................... 407

316........ Transferring employees who are high income employees............... 408

Division 3—Powers of the FWC                                                                         410

317........ FWC may make orders in relation to a transfer of business............ 410

318........ Orders relating to instruments covering new employer and transferring employees 410

319........ Orders relating to instruments covering new employer and non‑transferring employees         412

320........ Variation of transferable instruments.............................................. 414

Part 2‑9—Other terms and conditions of employment                               416

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        416

321........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 416

322........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 416

Division 2—Payment of wages etc.                                                                   417

323........ Method and frequency of payment.................................................. 417

324........ Permitted deductions....................................................................... 418

325........ Unreasonable requirements to spend or pay amount....................... 418

326........ Certain terms have no effect............................................................ 419

327........ Things given or provided, and amounts required to be spent or paid, in contravention of this Division  420

Division 3—Guarantee of annual earnings                                                   421

328........ Employer obligations in relation to guarantee of annual earnings.... 421

329........ High income employee.................................................................... 422

330........ Guarantee of annual earnings and annual rate of guarantee............. 423

331........ Guaranteed period........................................................................... 424

332........ Earnings.......................................................................................... 424

333........ High income threshold.................................................................... 425

333A..... Prospective employees.................................................................... 426

Chapter 3—Rights and responsibilities of employees, employers, organisations etc.                                                                                                                       427

Part 3‑1—General protections                                                                                   427

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        427

334........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 427

335........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 427

336........ Objects of this Part.......................................................................... 428

Division 2—Application of this Part                                                                 429

337........ Application of this Part................................................................... 429

338........ Action to which this Part applies..................................................... 429

339........ Additional effect of this Part........................................................... 430

Division 3—Workplace rights                                                                              432

340........ Protection........................................................................................ 432

341........ Meaning of workplace right............................................................ 432

342........ Meaning of adverse action.............................................................. 434

343........ Coercion.......................................................................................... 437

344........ Undue influence or pressure........................................................... 437

345........ Misrepresentations.......................................................................... 438

Division 4—Industrial activities                                                                          439

346........ Protection........................................................................................ 439

347........ Meaning of engages in industrial activity....................................... 439

348........ Coercion.......................................................................................... 440

349........ Misrepresentations.......................................................................... 440

350........ Inducements—membership action.................................................. 441

Division 5—Other protections                                                                             442

351........ Discrimination................................................................................. 442

352........ Temporary absence—illness or injury............................................. 443

353........ Bargaining services fees.................................................................. 443

354........ Coverage by particular instruments................................................. 444

355........ Coercion—allocation of duties etc. to particular person.................. 444

356........ Objectionable terms......................................................................... 445

Division 6—Sham arrangements                                                                        446

357........ Misrepresenting employment as independent contracting arrangement 446

358........ Dismissing to engage as independent contractor............................. 446

359........ Misrepresentation to engage as independent contractor................... 446

Division 7—Ancillary rules                                                                                   448

360........ Multiple reasons for action.............................................................. 448

361........ Reason for action to be presumed unless proved otherwise............ 448

362........ Advising, encouraging, inciting or coercing action......................... 448

363........ Actions of industrial associations.................................................... 448

364........ Unincorporated industrial associations............................................ 450

Division 8—Compliance                                                                                          451

Subdivision A—Contraventions involving dismissal                                    451

365........ Application for the FWC to deal with a dismissal dispute............... 451

366........ Time for application........................................................................ 451

367........ Application fees.............................................................................. 451

368........ Dealing with a dismissal dispute (other than by arbitration)............ 452

369........ Dealing with a dismissal dispute by arbitration............................... 453

370........ Taking a dismissal dispute to court................................................. 454

Subdivision B—Other contraventions                                                              454

372........ Application for the FWC to deal with a non‑dismissal dispute....... 454

373........ Application fees.............................................................................. 455

374........ Conferences.................................................................................... 455

375........ Advice on general protections court application.............................. 455

Subdivision C—Appeals and costs orders                                                        456

375A..... Appeal rights................................................................................... 456

375B..... Costs orders against parties............................................................. 456

376........ Costs orders against lawyers and paid agents................................. 456

377........ Applications for costs orders.......................................................... 457

377A..... Schedule of costs............................................................................ 457

378........ Contravening costs orders............................................................... 458

Part 3‑2—Unfair dismissal                                                                                           459

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        459

379........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 459

380........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 459

381........ Object of this Part........................................................................... 459

Division 2—Protection from unfair dismissal                                              461

382........ When a person is protected from unfair dismissal........................... 461

383........ Meaning of minimum employment period...................................... 461

384........ Period of employment..................................................................... 461

Division 3—What is an unfair dismissal                                                         463

385........ What is an unfair dismissal............................................................. 463

386........ Meaning of dismissed..................................................................... 463

387........ Criteria for considering harshness etc............................................. 464

388........ The Small Business Fair Dismissal Code....................................... 465

389........ Meaning of genuine redundancy..................................................... 465

Division 4—Remedies for unfair dismissal                                                    466

390........ When the FWC may order remedy for unfair dismissal.................. 466

391........ Remedy—reinstatement etc............................................................. 466

392........ Remedy—compensation................................................................. 468

393........ Monetary orders may be in instalments........................................... 469

Division 5—Procedural matters                                                                         470

394........ Application for unfair dismissal remedy......................................... 470

395........ Application fees.............................................................................. 470

396........ Initial matters to be considered before merits.................................. 471

397........ Matters involving contested facts.................................................... 471

398........ Conferences.................................................................................... 471

399........ Hearings.......................................................................................... 472

399A..... Dismissing applications.................................................................. 472

400........ Appeal rights................................................................................... 473

400A..... Costs orders against parties............................................................. 473

401........ Costs orders against lawyers and paid agents................................. 473

402........ Applications for costs orders.......................................................... 474

403........ Schedule of costs............................................................................ 474

404........ Security for costs............................................................................ 475

405........ Contravening orders under this Part................................................ 475

Part 3‑3—Industrial action                                                                                           476

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        476

406........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 476

407........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 477

Division 2—Protected industrial action                                                          478

Subdivision A—What is protected industrial action                                     478

408........ Protected industrial action............................................................... 478

409........ Employee claim action..................................................................... 478

410........ Employee response action............................................................... 480

411........ Employer response action............................................................... 480

412........ Pattern bargaining........................................................................... 481

Subdivision B—Common requirements for industrial action to be protected industrial action                482

413........ Common requirements that apply for industrial action to be protected industrial action           482

414........ Notice requirements for industrial action......................................... 484

Subdivision C—Significance of industrial action being protected industrial action    485

415........ Immunity provision......................................................................... 485

416........ Employer response action—employer may refuse to make payments to employees 485

416A..... Employer response action does not affect continuity of employment 485

Division 3—No industrial action before nominal expiry date of enterprise agreement etc.       487

417........ Industrial action must not be organised or engaged in before nominal expiry date of enterprise agreement etc.       487

Division 4—FWC orders stopping etc. industrial action                       489

418........ FWC must order that industrial action by employees or employers stop etc.            489

419........ FWC must order that industrial action by non‑national system employees or non‑national system employers stop etc......................................................................................................... 490

420........ Interim orders etc............................................................................ 491

421........ Contravening an order etc............................................................... 491

Division 5—Injunction against industrial action if pattern bargaining is being engaged in       493

422........ Injunction against industrial action if a bargaining representative is engaging in pattern bargaining         493

Division 6—Suspension or termination of protected industrial action by the FWC       494

423........ FWC may suspend or terminate protected industrial action—significant economic harm etc.  494

424........ FWC must suspend or terminate protected industrial action—endangering life etc. 496

425........ FWC must suspend protected industrial action—cooling off.......... 497

426........ FWC must suspend protected industrial action—significant harm to a third party   498

427........ FWC must specify the period of suspension................................... 499

428........ Extension of a period of suspension............................................... 500

429........ Employee claim action without a further protected action ballot after a period of suspension etc.            500

430........ Notice of employee claim action engaged in after a period of suspension etc.          501

Division 7—Ministerial declarations                                                                503

431........ Ministerial declaration terminating industrial action........................ 503

432........ Informing people of declaration...................................................... 503

433........ Ministerial directions to remove or reduce threat............................. 504

434........ Contravening a Ministerial direction............................................... 504

Division 8—Protected action ballots                                                                505

Subdivision A—Introduction                                                                               505

435........ Guide to this Division..................................................................... 505

436........ Object of this Division.................................................................... 505

Subdivision B—Protected action ballot orders                                              506

437........ Application for a protected action ballot order................................. 506

438........ Restriction on when application may be made................................. 507

439........ Joint applications............................................................................. 507

440........ Notice of application....................................................................... 508

441........ Application to be determined within 2 days after it is made............ 508

442........ Dealing with multiple applications together..................................... 508

443........ When the FWC must make a protected action ballot order.............. 509

444........ FWC may decide on ballot agent other than the Australian Electoral Commission and independent advisor           510

445........ Notice of protected action ballot order............................................. 511

446........ Protected action ballot order may require 2 or more protected action ballots to be held at the same time  511

447........ Variation of protected action ballot order........................................ 512

448........ Revocation of protected action ballot order..................................... 512

Subdivision C—Conduct of protected action ballot                                      512

449........ Protected action ballot to be conducted by Australian Electoral Commission or other specified ballot agent            512

450........ Directions for conduct of protected action ballot............................. 513

451........ Timetable for protected action ballot................................................ 514

452........ Compilation of roll of voters........................................................... 515

453........ Who is eligible to be included on the roll of voters......................... 515

454........ Variation of roll of voters................................................................ 516

455........ Protected action ballot papers.......................................................... 518

456........ Who may vote in protected action ballot.......................................... 518

457........ Results of protected action ballot..................................................... 518

458........ Report about conduct of protected action ballot............................... 518

Subdivision D—Effect of protected action ballot                                          520

459........ Circumstances in which industrial action is authorised by protected action ballot    520

460........ Immunity for persons who act in good faith on protected action ballot results         521

461........ Validity of protected action ballot etc. not affected by technical breaches 522

Subdivision E—Compliance                                                                                523

462........ Interferences etc. with protected action ballot.................................. 523

463........ Contravening a protected action ballot order etc.............................. 525

Subdivision F—Liability for costs of protected action ballot                     525

464........ Costs of protected action ballot conducted by the Australian Electoral Commission                525

465........ Costs of protected action ballot conducted by protected action ballot agent other than the Australian Electoral Commission.................................................................................... 526

466........ Costs of legal challenges................................................................. 526

Subdivision G—Miscellaneous                                                                           527

467........ Information about employees on roll of voters not to be disclosed. 527

468........ Records........................................................................................... 528

469........ Regulations..................................................................................... 528

Division 9—Payments relating to periods of industrial action           529

Subdivision A—Protected industrial action                                                    529

470........ Payments not to be made relating to certain periods of industrial action 529

471........ Payments relating to partial work bans............................................ 530

472........ Orders by the FWC relating to certain partial work bans................ 532

473........ Accepting or seeking payments relating to periods of industrial action 533

Subdivision B—Industrial action that is not protected industrial action 534

474........ Payments not to be made relating to certain periods of industrial action 534

475........ Accepting or seeking payments relating to periods of industrial action 535

Subdivision C—Miscellaneous                                                                            536

476........ Other responses to industrial action unaffected............................... 536

Division 10—Other matters                                                                                  537

477........ Applications by bargaining representatives..................................... 537

Part 3‑4—Right of entry                                                                                                538

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        538

478........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 538

479........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 538

480........ Object of this Part........................................................................... 539

Division 2—Entry rights under this Act                                                         540

Subdivision A—Entry to investigate suspected contravention                   540

481........ Entry to investigate suspected contravention................................... 540

482........ Rights that may be exercised while on premises............................. 541

483........ Later access to record or document................................................. 542

483AA.. Application to the FWC for access to non‑member records............ 543

Subdivision AA—Entry to investigate suspected contravention relating to TCF award workers             544

483A..... Entry to investigate suspected contravention relating to TCF award workers           544

483B..... Rights that may be exercised while on premises............................. 546

483C..... Later access to record or document................................................. 547

483D..... Entry onto other premises to access records and documents........... 548

483E...... Later access to record or document—other premises...................... 549

Subdivision B—Entry to hold discussions                                                        550

484........ Entry to hold discussions................................................................ 550

Subdivision C—Requirements for permit holders                                         551

486........ Permit holder must not contravene this Subdivision....................... 551

487........ Giving entry notice or exemption certificate.................................... 551

488........ Contravening entry permit conditions............................................. 552

489........ Producing authority documents....................................................... 552

490........ When right may be exercised.......................................................... 553

491........ Occupational health and safety requirements................................... 553

492........ Location of interviews and discussions........................................... 553

492A..... Route to location of interview and discussions............................... 554

493........ Residential premises........................................................................ 554

Division 3—State or Territory OHS rights                                                  555

494........ Official must be permit holder to exercise State or Territory OHS right.. 555

495........ Giving notice of entry..................................................................... 556

496........ Contravening entry permit conditions............................................. 557

497........ Producing entry permit.................................................................... 557

498........ When right may be exercised.......................................................... 557

499........ Occupational health and safety requirements................................... 557

Division 4—Prohibitions                                                                                         559

500........ Permit holder must not hinder or obstruct....................................... 559

501........ Person must not refuse or delay entry............................................. 559

502........ Person must not hinder or obstruct permit holder........................... 559

503........ Misrepresentations about things authorised by this Part................. 560

504........ Unauthorised use or disclosure of information or documents......... 560

Division 5—Powers of the FWC                                                                         562

Subdivision A—Dealing with disputes                                                               562

505........ FWC may deal with a dispute about the operation of this Part........ 562

505A..... FWC may deal with a dispute about frequency of entry to hold discussions            564

506........ Contravening order made to deal with dispute................................ 565

Subdivision B—Taking action against permit holder                                  565

507........ FWC may take action against permit holder.................................... 565

Subdivision C—Restricting rights of organisations and officials where misuse of rights           566

508........ FWC may restrict rights if organisation or official has misused rights 566

509........ Contravening order made for misuse of rights................................ 567

Subdivision D—When the FWC must revoke or suspend entry permits  567

510........ When the FWC must revoke or suspend entry permits................... 567

Subdivision E—General rules for suspending entry permits                      569

511........ General rules for suspending entry permits..................................... 569

Division 6—Entry permits, entry notices and certificates                    570

Subdivision A—Entry permits                                                                            570

512........ FWC may issue entry permits......................................................... 570

513........ Considering application................................................................... 570

514........ When the FWC must not issue permit............................................. 571

515........ Conditions on entry permit.............................................................. 571

516........ Expiry of entry permit..................................................................... 572

517........ Return of entry permits to the FWC................................................ 573

Subdivision B—Entry notices                                                                             573

518........ Entry notice requirements................................................................ 573

Subdivision C—Exemption certificates                                                            575

519........ Exemption certificates..................................................................... 575

Subdivision D—Affected member certificates                                                576

520........ Affected member certificates........................................................... 576

Subdivision E—Miscellaneous                                                                            576

521........ Regulations dealing with instruments under this Part...................... 576

Division 7—Accommodation and transport arrangements in remote areas      578

521A..... Meaning of accommodation arrangement...................................... 578

521B..... Meaning of transport arrangement................................................ 578

521C..... Accommodation arrangements for remote areas.............................. 579

521D..... Transport arrangements for remote areas........................................ 580

Part 3‑5—Stand down                                                                                                     582

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        582

522........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 582

523........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 582

Division 2—Circumstances allowing stand down                                      583

524........ Employer may stand down employees in certain circumstances...... 583

525........ Employee not stood down during a period of authorised leave or absence               584

Division 3—Dealing with disputes                                                                      585

526........ FWC may deal with a dispute about the operation of this Part........ 585

527........ Contravening an FWC order dealing with a dispute about the operation of this Part                585

Part 3‑6—Other rights and responsibilities                                                        586

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        586

528........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 586

529........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 586

Division 2—Notification and consultation relating to certain dismissals              587

Subdivision A—Requirement to notify Centrelink                                        587

530........ Employer to notify Centrelink of certain proposed dismissals........ 587

Subdivision B—Failure to notify or consult registered employee associations             588

531........ FWC may make orders where failure to notify or consult registered employee associations about dismissals         588

532........ Orders that the FWC may make...................................................... 589

533........ Application for an FWC order........................................................ 590

Subdivision C—Limits on scope of this Division                                            590

534........ Limits on scope of this Division..................................................... 590

Division 3—Employer obligations in relation to employee records and pay slips           592

535........ Employer obligations in relation to employee records..................... 592

536........ Employer obligations in relation to pay slips................................... 592

Part 3‑7—Corrupting benefits                                                                                   594

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        594

536A..... Guide to this Part............................................................................ 594

536B..... Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 594

536C..... Concurrent operation of State and Territory laws............................ 594

536CA.. Dishonesty...................................................................................... 595

Division 2—Giving, receiving or soliciting corrupting benefits         596

536D..... Giving, receiving or soliciting a corrupting benefit......................... 596

536E...... Meaning of registered organisations officer or employee................ 598

Division 3—Cash or in kind payments to employee organisations etc.  600

536F...... Giving a cash or in kind payment.................................................... 600

536G..... Receiving or soliciting a cash or in kind payment........................... 602

536H..... Implied freedom of political communication................................... 603


An Act relating to workplace relations, and for related purposes

Chapter 1Introduction

Part 1‑1Introduction

Division 1Preliminary

1  Short title

                   This Act may be cited as the Fair Work Act 2009.

2  Commencement

             (1)  Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Commencement information

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Provision(s)

Commencement

Date/Details

1.  Sections 1 and 2 and anything in this Act not elsewhere covered by this table

The day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent.

7 April 2009

2.  Sections 3 to 40

A single day to be fixed by Proclamation.

However, if any of the provision(s) do not commence within the period of 12 months beginning on the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent, they commence on the first day after the end of that period.

26 May 2009

(see F2009L01818)

3.  Sections 41 to 572

A day or days to be fixed by Proclamation.

A Proclamation must not specify a day that occurs before the day on which the Fair Work (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 2009 receives the Royal Assent.

However, if any of the provision(s) do not commence within the period of 12 months beginning on the day on which the Fair Work (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 2009 receives the Royal Assent, they commence on the first day after the end of that period.

Sections 41–43, 50–54, 58, 169–281A, 300–327, 332, 333, 334–572: 1 July 2009 (see F2009L02563)

Sections 44–49, 55–57A, 59–168, 282–299, 328–331, 333A: 1 January 2010 (see F2009L02563)

4.  Sections 573 to 718

At the same time as the provision(s) covered by table item 2.

26 May 2009

5.  Sections 719 to 800

A day or days to be fixed by Proclamation.

A Proclamation must not specify a day that occurs before the day on which the Fair Work (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 2009 receives the Royal Assent.

However, if any of the provision(s) do not commence within the period of 12 months beginning on the day on which the Fair Work (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 2009 receives the Royal Assent, they commence on the first day after the end of that period.

Sections 719–740, 769–800: 1 July 2009 (see F2009L02563)

Sections 741–768: 1 January 2010 (see F2009L02563)

6.  Schedule 1

At the same time as the provision(s) covered by table item 2.

26 May 2009

Note:          This table relates only to the provisions of this Act as originally passed by both Houses of the Parliament and assented to. It will not be expanded to deal with provisions inserted in this Act after assent.

             (2)  Column 3 of the table contains additional information that is not part of this Act. Information in this column may be added to or edited in any published version of this Act.

Division 2Object of this Act

3  Object of this Act

                   The object of this Act is to provide a balanced framework for cooperative and productive workplace relations that promotes national economic prosperity and social inclusion for all Australians by:

                     (a)  providing workplace relations laws that are fair to working Australians, are flexible for businesses, promote productivity and economic growth for Australia’s future economic prosperity and take into account Australia’s international labour obligations; and

                     (b)  ensuring a guaranteed safety net of fair, relevant and enforceable minimum terms and conditions through the National Employment Standards, modern awards and national minimum wage orders; and

                     (c)  ensuring that the guaranteed safety net of fair, relevant and enforceable minimum wages and conditions can no longer be undermined by the making of statutory individual employment agreements of any kind given that such agreements can never be part of a fair workplace relations system; and

                     (d)  assisting employees to balance their work and family responsibilities by providing for flexible working arrangements; and

                     (e)  enabling fairness and representation at work and the prevention of discrimination by recognising the right to freedom of association and the right to be represented, protecting against unfair treatment and discrimination, providing accessible and effective procedures to resolve grievances and disputes and providing effective compliance mechanisms; and

                      (f)  achieving productivity and fairness through an emphasis on enterprise‑level collective bargaining underpinned by simple good faith bargaining obligations and clear rules governing industrial action; and

                     (g)  acknowledging the special circumstances of small and medium‑sized businesses.

Division 3Guide to this Act

4  Guide to this Act

Overview of this Act

             (1)  This Act is about workplace relations. It:

                     (a)  provides for terms and conditions of employment (Chapter 2); and

                     (b)  sets out rights and responsibilities of employees, employers and organisations in relation to that employment (Chapter 3); and

                     (c)  provides for compliance with, and enforcement of, this Act (Chapter 4); and

                     (d)  provides for the administration of this Act by establishing the Fair Work Commission and the Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman (Chapter 5); and

                     (e)  deals with other matters relating to the above (Chapter 6).

Overview of the rest of this Chapter

             (2)  The rest of this Chapter deals with:

                     (a)  definitions that are used in this Act (Part 1‑2); and

                     (b)  the application of this Act (Part 1‑3), including how this Act interacts with certain State and Territory laws and its geographical application.

Definitions

             (3)  Many of the terms in this Act are defined. The Dictionary in section 12 contains a list of every term that is defined in this Act.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for amendments

             (4)  Schedule 1 contains application, saving and transitional provisions relating to amendments of this Act.

5  Terms and conditions of employment (Chapter 2)

             (1)  Chapter 2 provides for terms and conditions of employment of national system employees.

             (2)  Part 2‑1 has the core provisions for the Chapter. It deals with compliance with, and interaction between, the sources of the main terms and conditions provided under this Act—the National Employment Standards, modern awards and enterprise agreements.

Note:          Workplace determinations are another source of main terms and conditions. In most cases, this Act applies to a workplace determination as if it were an enterprise agreement in operation (see section 279).

Main terms and conditions

             (3)  Part 2‑2 contains the National Employment Standards, which are minimum terms and conditions that apply to all national system employees.

             (4)  Part 2‑3 is about modern awards. A modern award is made for a particular industry or occupation and provides additional minimum terms and conditions for those national system employees to whom it applies. A modern award can have terms that are ancillary or supplementary to the National Employment Standards.

             (5)  Part 2‑4 is about enterprise agreements. An enterprise agreement is made at the enterprise level and provides terms and conditions for those national system employees to whom it applies. An enterprise agreement can have terms that are ancillary or supplementary to the National Employment Standards.

             (6)  Part 2‑5 is about workplace determinations. A workplace determination provides terms and conditions for those national system employees to whom it applies. A workplace determination is made by the FWC if certain conditions are met.

             (7)  Part 2‑8 provides for the transfer of certain modern awards, enterprise agreements, workplace determinations and other instruments if there is a transfer of business from one national system employer to another national system employer.

Other terms and conditions

             (8)  In addition, other terms and conditions of employment for national system employees include those:

                     (a)  provided by a national minimum wage order (see Part 2‑6) or an equal remuneration order (see Part 2‑7); and

                     (b)  provided by Part 2‑9 (which deals with the frequency and method of making payments to employees, deductions from payments and high‑income employees).

6  Rights and responsibilities of employees, employers, organisations etc. (Chapter 3)

             (1)  Chapter 3 sets out rights and responsibilities of national system employees, national system employers, organisations and others (such as independent contractors and industrial associations).

             (2)  Part 3‑1 provides general workplace protections. It:

                     (a)  protects workplace rights; and

                     (b)  protects freedom of association and involvement in lawful industrial activities; and

                     (c)  provides other protections, including protection from discrimination.

             (3)  Part 3‑2 deals with unfair dismissal of national system employees, and the granting of remedies when that happens.

             (4)  Part 3‑3 deals mainly with industrial action by national system employees and national system employers and sets out when industrial action is protected industrial action. No action lies under any law in force in a State or Territory in relation to protected industrial action except in certain circumstances.

             (5)  Part 3‑4 is about the rights of officials of organisations who hold entry permits to enter premises for purposes related to their representative role under this Act and under State or Territory OHS laws. In exercising those rights, permit holders must comply with the requirements set out in the Part.

             (6)  Part 3‑5 allows a national system employer to stand down a national system employee without pay in certain circumstances.

             (7)  Part 3‑6 deals with other rights and responsibilities of national system employers in relation to:

                     (a)  termination of employment; and

                     (b)  keeping records and giving payslips.

             (8)  Part 3‑7 deals with offences in relation to corrupting benefits.

7  Compliance and enforcement (Chapter 4)

             (1)  Chapter 4 provides for compliance with, and enforcement of, this Act.

             (2)  Part 4‑1 is about civil remedies. Certain provisions in this Act impose obligations on certain persons. Civil remedies may be sought in relation to contraventions of these civil remedy provisions. Part 4‑1:

                     (a)  deals with applications for orders for contraventions of civil remedy provisions; and

                     (b)  sets out the orders the courts can make in relation to a contravention of a civil remedy provision.

             (3)  Part 4‑2 is about the jurisdiction and powers of the courts in relation to matters arising under this Act.

8  Administration (Chapter 5)

             (1)  Chapter 5 provides for the administration of this Act by establishing the Fair Work Commission and the Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman.

             (2)  Part 5‑1 is about the Fair Work Commission. It:

                     (a)  establishes and confers functions on the FWC; and

                     (b)  sets out how matters before the FWC are to be conducted (for example, how the FWC is to deal with applications made to it).

             (3)  Part 5‑2 is about the Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman. It:

                     (a)  establishes and confers functions on the Fair Work Ombudsman; and

                     (b)  confers functions and powers on Fair Work Inspectors.

9  Miscellaneous (Chapter 6)

             (1)  Chapter 6 is a collection of miscellaneous matters that relate to the other Chapters.

             (2)  Part 6‑1 provides rules relating to applications for remedies under this Act. It prevents certain applications if other remedies are available and prevents multiple applications or complaints in relation to the same conduct.

             (3)  Part 6‑2 is about dealing with disputes between national system employees and their employers under modern awards, enterprise agreements and contracts of employment.

             (4)  Part 6‑3 extends the National Employment Standards relating to unpaid parental leave and notice of termination to non‑national system employees.

          (4A)  Part 6‑3A provides for the transfer of terms and conditions of employment that are provided for in particular State industrial instruments if there is a transfer of business from a non‑national system employer that is a State public sector employer of the State to a national system employer.

             (5)  Part 6‑4 contains provisions to give effect, or further effect, to certain international agreements relating to termination of employment.

          (5A)  Part 6‑4A contains special provisions about TCF outworkers.

          (5B)  Part 6‑4B allows a worker who has been bullied at work to apply to the FWC for an order to stop the bullying.

             (6)  Part 6‑5 deals with miscellaneous matters such as delegations and regulations.

9A  Application, transitional and saving provisions for amendments (Schedules)

                   The Schedules contain application, transitional and saving provisions relating to amendments of this Act.

Note:          Application, transitional and saving provisions relating to the enactment of this Act, and States becoming referring States, are in the Transitional Act.

Part 1‑2Definitions

Division 1Introduction

10  Guide to this Part

This Part is about the terms that are defined in this Act.

Division 2 has the Dictionary (see section 12). The Dictionary is a list of every term that is defined in this Act. A term will either be defined in the Dictionary itself, or in another provision of this Act. If another provision defines the term, the Dictionary will have a signpost to that definition.

Division 3 has definitions relating to the meanings of employee and employer.

Division 4 has some other definitions that apply across this Act.

11  Meanings of employee and employer

                   In this Part, employee and employer have their ordinary meanings.

Note:          See also Division 2 of Part 6‑4A (TCF contract outworkers taken to be employees in certain circumstances).

Division 2The Dictionary

12  The Dictionary

                   In this Act:

AAT presidential member means a person who is a presidential member of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal under the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975.

access period for a proposed enterprise agreement: see subsection 180(4).

accommodation arrangement: see subsections 521A(1) and (2).

action includes an omission.

adoption‑related leave: see subsection 67(5).

adverse action: see section 342.

affected employees for a variation of an enterprise agreement: see subsection 207(2).

affected employer:

                     (a)  in relation to an entry under Subdivision A of Division 2 of Part 3‑4: see subsection 482(2); and

                    (aa)  in relation to an entry under section 483A other than a designated outworker terms entry: see paragraph 483B(3)(a); and

                   (ab)  in relation to a designated outworker terms entry under section 483A: see paragraph 483B(3)(b); and

                     (b)  in relation to an entry in accordance with Division 3 of Part 3‑4: see paragraph 495(2)(a); and

                     (c)  in relation to a State or Territory OHS right to inspect or otherwise access an employee record: see paragraph 495(2)(b).

affected member certificate: see subsection 520(1).

Age Discrimination Commissioner means the Age Discrimination Commissioner appointed under the Age Discrimination Act 2004.

agreed terms for a workplace determination: see section 274.

agreed to in relation to a termination of an enterprise agreement: see section 221.

annual rate of an employee’s guaranteed annual earnings: see subsection 330(3).

annual wage review: see subsection 285(1).

anti‑discrimination law: see subsection 351(3).

apparent indirectly responsible entity: see subsection 789CC(2).

applicable agreement‑derived long service leave terms: see subsection 113(5).

applicable award‑derived long service leave terms: see subsection 113(3).

application or complaint under another law: see subsection 732(2).

applies:

                     (a)  in relation to a modern award: see section 47; and

                     (b)  in relation to an enterprise agreement: see section 52; and

                     (c)  in relation to a copied State instrument: see section 768AM.

applies to employment generally: see subsection 26(4).

appointment of a bargaining representative means an appointment of a bargaining representative under paragraph 176(1)(c) or (d) or 177(c).

appropriate safe job: see subsection 81(3).

approved by the FWC, in relation to an enterprise agreement, means approved by the FWC under section 186 or 189.

associated entity has the meaning given by section 50AAA of the Corporations Act 2001.

Australia means the Commonwealth of Australia and, when used in a geographical sense, includes Norfolk Island, the Territory of Christmas Island and the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands, but does not include any other external Territory.

Australian‑based employee: see subsections 35(2) and (3).

Australian employer: see subsection 35(1).

Australian ship means a ship that has Australian nationality under section 29 of the Shipping Registration Act 1981.

authority documents: see subsection 489(3).

available parental leave period: see subsection 75(2).

award/agreement free employee means a national system employee to whom neither a modern award nor an enterprise agreement applies.

award covered employee for an enterprise agreement: see subsection 193(4).

award modernisation process means:

                     (a)  the process of making modern awards under Part 10A of the Workplace Relations Act 1996, as continued by Part 2 of Schedule 5 of the Transitional Act; and

                     (b)  the enterprise instrument modernisation process provided for by Part 2 of Schedule 6 of the Transitional Act; and

                     (c)  the State reference public sector transitional award modernisation process provided for by Part 2 of Schedule 6A of the Transitional Act.

ballot paper: see subsection 455(2).

bargaining order: see subsection 229(1).

bargaining related workplace determination: see subsection 269(1).

bargaining representative for a proposed enterprise agreement: see sections 176 and 177.

bargaining services: see subsection 353(3).

bargaining services fee: see subsection 353(2).

base rate of pay: see section 16.

birth‑related leave: see subsection 67(4).

bullied at work: see subsection 789FD(1).

cash or in kind payment: see subsection 536F(4).

casual employee: see section 15A.

child of a person: see subsection 17(1).

civil remedy provision: see subsections 539(1) and (3).

close relative: see subsection 106B(3).

Commissioner means a Commissioner of the FWC.

common requirements in relation to industrial action: see section 413.

Commonwealth means the Commonwealth of Australia and, when used in a geographical sense, includes Norfolk Island, the Territory of Christmas Island and the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands, but does not include any other external Territory.

Commonwealth authority means:

                     (a)  a body corporate established for a public purpose by or under a law of the Commonwealth; or

                     (b)  a body corporate:

                              (i)  incorporated under a law of the Commonwealth or a State or a Territory; and

                             (ii)  in which the Commonwealth has a controlling interest.

Commonwealth Ombudsman means the person for the time being holding office as Ombudsman under the Ombudsman Act 1976.

Commonwealth outworker entity means an entity that is an outworker entity otherwise than because of section 30F or 30Q.

Note:          Sections 30F and 30Q extend the meaning of outworker entity in relation to a referring State.

Commonwealth place means a place referred to in paragraph 52(i) of the Constitution, other than the seat of government.

compassionate leave means compassionate leave to which a national system employee is entitled under section 104.

complaint about an FWC Member means a complaint referred to in paragraph 581A(1)(a) or section 641A.

complaint handler means:

                     (a)  the President; or

                     (b)  a person who is authorised by the President under subsection 581A(3); or

                     (c)  a person who is a member of a body that is authorised by the President under subsection 581A(3).

compliance powers: see section 703.

compliance purposes: see subsection 706(1).

concurrent leave: see subsection 72(5).

conduct includes an omission.

conduct of a protected action ballot: see subsection 458(5).

connected with a Territory: an arrangement for work to be performed for a person (either directly or indirectly) is connected with a Territory if one or more of the following apply:

                     (a)  at the time the arrangement is made, one or more parties to the arrangement is in a Territory in Australia;

                     (b)  the work is to be performed in such a Territory;

                     (c)  the person carries on an activity (whether of a commercial, governmental or other nature) in such a Territory, and the work is reasonably likely to be performed in that Territory;

                     (d)  the person carries on an activity (whether of a commercial, governmental or other nature) in such a Territory, and the work is to be performed in connection with that activity.

Note:          In this context, Australia includes Norfolk Island, the Territory of Christmas Island and the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands (see the definition of Australia).

consent low‑paid workplace determination: see subsection 260(2).

consistent with the Small Business Fair Dismissal Code: see subsection 388(2).

consolidation order:

                     (a)  in relation to a transferring employee—see subsection 768BD(1); and

                     (b)  in relation to a non‑transferring employee—see subsection 768BG(1).

constitutional corporation means a corporation to which paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution applies.

constitutionally‑covered business: see subsection 789FD(3).

constitutionally‑covered entity: see subsection 338(2).

constitutional trade or commerce means trade or commerce:

                     (a)  between Australia and a place outside Australia; or

                     (b)  among the States; or

                     (c)  between a State and a Territory; or

                     (d)  between 2 Territories; or

                     (e)  within a Territory.

continental shelf means:

                     (a)  the continental shelf (as defined in the Seas and Submerged Lands Act 1973) of Australia (including its external Territories); and

                     (b)  the Greater Sunrise special regime area (as defined in the Seas and Submerged Lands Act 1973).

continuous service has a meaning affected by section 22.

copied State award: see subsection 768AI(1).

copied State collective employment agreement: see subsection 768AK(4).

copied State employment agreement: see subsection 768AK(1).

copied State individual employment agreement: see subsection 768AK(5).

copied State instrument: see section 768AH.

corporate MySuper product: see subsection 23A(3).

coverage terms:

                     (a)  in relation to a modern award (other than a modern enterprise award): see section 143; and

                     (b)  in relation to a modern enterprise award: see section 143A; and

                     (c)  in relation to a State reference public sector modern award: see section 143B.

covers:

                     (a)  in relation to a modern award: see section 48; and

                     (b)  in relation to an enterprise agreement: see section 53; and

                     (c)  in relation to a workplace determination: see section 277; and

                     (d)  in relation to a copied State instrument: see section 768AN.

day of placement: see subsection 67(6).

de facto partner of a national system employee:

                     (a)  means a person who, although not legally married to the employee, lives with the employee in a relationship as a couple on a genuine domestic basis (whether the employee and the person are of the same sex or different sexes); and

                     (b)  includes a former de facto partner of the employee.

default fund employee: see subsection 149C(2).

default fund term: see subsection 149C(2).

Default Superannuation List: see subsection 156B(1).

defined benefit member has the meaning given by the Superannuation Guarantee (Administration) Act 1992.

Deputy President means a Deputy President of the FWC.

designated emergency management body: see subsections 195A(4) and (5).

designated outworker term of a modern award, enterprise agreement, workplace determination or other instrument, means any of the following terms, so far as the term relates to outworkers in the textile, clothing or footwear industry:

                     (a)  a term that deals with the registration of an employer or outworker entity;

                     (b)  a term that deals with the making and retaining of, or access to, records about work to which outworker terms of a modern award apply;

                     (c)  a term imposing conditions under which an arrangement may be entered into by an employer or an outworker entity for the performance of work, where the work is of a kind that is often performed by outworkers;

                     (d)  a term relating to the liability of an employer or outworker entity for work undertaken by an outworker under such an arrangement, including a term which provides for the outworker to make a claim against an employer or outworker entity;

                     (e)  a term that requires minimum pay or other conditions, including the National Employment Standards, to be applied to an outworker who is not an employee;

                      (f)  any other terms prescribed by the regulations.

designated outworker terms entry: see subsection 483A(5).

directly, when used in relation to TCF work: see section 17A.

Disability Discrimination Commissioner means the Disability Discrimination Commissioner appointed under the <