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Broadcasting Services Act 1992

Authoritative Version
  • - C2021C00230
  • In force - Superseded Version
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Act No. 110 of 1992 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Consequential Amendments and Transitional Provisions) Act 2021
An Act relating to broadcasting services, datacasting services, online services and content services, and for related purposes
Administered by: Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Communications
Registered 17 Jun 2021
Start Date 17 Jun 2021
End Date 29 Jun 2021
Table of contents.
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Collapse Volume 1Volume 1
Collapse Part 1—PreliminaryPart 1—Preliminary
1 Short title
2 Commencement
3 Objects of this Act
4 Regulatory policy
5 Role of the ACMA
6 Interpretation
7 Interpretation—meaning of control
8 Interpretation—shareholding interests, voting interests, dividend interests and winding-up interests
8A Captioning taken to be part of program
8AA Designated community radio broadcasting licence
8AB Digital program enhancement content taken to be a radio program
8AC Digital radio start-up day
8AD Deemed radio broadcasting licence areas
8AE Local content exemption period—regional commercial radio broadcasting licensee
8AF Regional racing service radio licence
8B Remote Indigenous community
9 Act to bind the Crown
10 Extension of Act to the external Territories
10A Application of the Criminal Code
Expand Part 2—Categories of broadcasting servicesPart 2—Categories of broadcasting services
Expand Part 3—Planning of the broadcasting services bandsPart 3—Planning of the broadcasting services bands
Expand Part 4—Commercial television broadcasting licences and commercial radio broadcasting licencesPart 4—Commercial television broadcasting licences and commercial radio broadcasting licences
Expand Part 5—Control of commercial broadcasting licencesPart 5—Control of commercial broadcasting licences
Expand Part 6—Community broadcasting licencesPart 6—Community broadcasting licences
Expand Part 6A—Temporary community broadcasting licencesPart 6A—Temporary community broadcasting licences
Expand Part 7—Subscription television broadcasting servicesPart 7—Subscription television broadcasting services
Expand Part 8—Subscription broadcasting and narrowcasting class licencesPart 8—Subscription broadcasting and narrowcasting class licences
Expand Part 8A—Restrictions on subscription television broadcasting services in regional areas etc.Part 8A—Restrictions on subscription television broadcasting services in regional areas etc.
Expand Part 8B—International broadcasting licencesPart 8B—International broadcasting licences
Expand Part 9—Content rules, program standards and codes of practicePart 9—Content rules, program standards and codes of practice
Expand Part 9A—Technical standardsPart 9A—Technical standards
Expand Part 9B—Industry codes and industry standardsPart 9B—Industry codes and industry standards
Expand Part 9C—Access to commercial television broadcasting services provided with the use of a satellitePart 9C—Access to commercial television broadcasting services provided with the use of a satellite
Expand Part 9D—CaptioningPart 9D—Captioning
Expand Part 10—Remedies for breaches of licensing provisionsPart 10—Remedies for breaches of licensing provisions
Expand Part 10A—Anti-hoarding rulesPart 10A—Anti-hoarding rules
Expand Part 11—Complaints to the ACMAPart 11—Complaints to the ACMA
Expand Part 13—Information gathering by the ACMA and the CommissionerPart 13—Information gathering by the ACMA and the Commissioner
Expand Part 14—Appeals to the Administrative Appeals TribunalPart 14—Appeals to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal
Expand Part 14AA—Collection and recovery of interim taxPart 14AA—Collection and recovery of interim tax
Expand Part 14B—Civil penaltiesPart 14B—Civil penalties
Expand Part 14C—InjunctionsPart 14C—Injunctions
Expand Part 14D—Enforceable undertakingsPart 14D—Enforceable undertakings
Expand Part 14E—Infringement noticesPart 14E—Infringement notices
Expand Part 14F—GrantsPart 14F—Grants
Expand Part 15—MiscellaneousPart 15—Miscellaneous
Expand Schedule 1—Control and ownership of company interestsSchedule 1—Control and ownership of company interests
Expand Schedule 2—Standard conditionsSchedule 2—Standard conditions
Expand Volume 2Volume 2

Commonwealth Coat of Arms of Australia

Broadcasting Services Act 1992

No. 110, 1992

Compilation No. 99

Compilation date:                              17 June 2021

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 13, 2021

Registered:                                         17 June 2021

This compilation is in 2 volumes

Volume 1:       sections 1–218

Schedules 1 and 2

Volume 2:       Schedules 4–8

Endnotes

Each volume has its own contents

This compilation includes commenced amendments made by Act No. 151, 2020 and Act No. 154, 2020. Amendments made by Act No. 13, 2021 have not commenced but are noted in the endnotes.

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Broadcasting Services Act 1992 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 17 June 2021 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                             1

1............................ Short title............................................................................ 1

2............................ Commencement.................................................................. 1

3............................ Objects of this Act.............................................................. 1

4............................ Regulatory policy................................................................ 3

5............................ Role of the ACMA............................................................. 5

6............................ Interpretation....................................................................... 6

7............................ Interpretation—meaning of control................................... 20

8............................ Interpretation—shareholding interests, voting interests, dividend interests and winding‑up interests      20

8A......................... Captioning taken to be part of program............................. 22

8AA...................... Designated community radio broadcasting licence............ 22

8AB....................... Digital program enhancement content taken to be a radio program          23

8AC....................... Digital radio start‑up day.................................................. 23

8AD...................... Deemed radio broadcasting licence areas.......................... 25

8AE....................... Local content exemption period—regional commercial radio broadcasting licensee 26

8AF....................... Regional racing service radio licence................................ 29

8B.......................... Remote Indigenous community........................................ 31

9............................ Act to bind the Crown...................................................... 31

10.......................... Extension of Act to the external Territories....................... 31

10A....................... Application of the Criminal Code..................................... 31

Part 2—Categories of broadcasting services                                                       32

11.......................... Categories of broadcasting services.................................. 32

11A....................... Dual categorisation of international broadcasting services 32

12.......................... Method of regulating particular services........................... 32

13.......................... National broadcasting services.......................................... 33

14.......................... Commercial broadcasting services.................................... 34

15.......................... Community broadcasting services.................................... 34

16.......................... Subscription broadcasting services................................... 35

17.......................... Subscription narrowcasting services................................. 35

18.......................... Open narrowcasting services............................................ 35

18A....................... International broadcasting services................................... 36

19.......................... ACMA may determine additional criteria or clarify existing criteria        38

21.......................... Requests to ACMA to decide which category a broadcasting service falls into       38

22.......................... Matters to be considered by ACMA................................. 40

Part 3—Planning of the broadcasting services bands                                   42

23.......................... Planning criteria................................................................ 42

26.......................... Preparation of licence area plans....................................... 42

26AA.................... Compliance with television licence area plan.................... 45

26C........................ Licence area plans not required to deal with certain digital radio broadcasting services           46

26D....................... Licence area plans—how digital radio broadcasting services may be dealt with      47

29.......................... Designation of licence areas.............................................. 48

30.......................... ACMA may determine population figures........................ 48

31.......................... Minister may reserve capacity for national broadcasters or community broadcasters               49

33.......................... Development of technical planning guidelines.................. 49

34.......................... Alternative uses of broadcasting services bands............... 49

Part 4—Commercial television broadcasting licences and commercial radio broadcasting licences      52

Division 1—Allocation of licences                                                                        52

36.......................... ACMA to determine system for allocating licences.......... 52

36A....................... Commercial radio broadcasting licences to provide analog or digital commercial radio broadcasting services.......................................................................................... 53

37.......................... When licences must not be allocated................................. 54

37A....................... Limitation on number of commercial television broadcasting licences     54

38.......................... ACMA to advertise for applications for certain licences... 55

38A....................... Additional commercial television licences in single markets 55

38B........................ Additional commercial television licences in 2‑station markets                57

38C........................ Commercial television broadcasting licences—services provided with the use of a satellite    61

39.......................... Additional commercial radio licences in single markets.... 65

40.......................... Allocation of other licences............................................... 68

41.......................... When persons are regarded as suitable............................. 71

Division 2—Services authorised by licences                                                   73

41C........................ Services authorised by commercial television broadcasting licences        73

41CA..................... Services authorised by commercial television broadcasting licences allocated under section 38C            73

41D....................... Services authorised by commercial radio broadcasting licences               79

Division 3—Licence conditions                                                                              82

42.......................... Conditions of commercial broadcasting licences............... 82

43.......................... ACMA may impose additional conditions........................ 82

43AA.................... Local news to be provided to section 38C licensees by regional commercial television broadcasting licensees.......................................................................................... 83

43AB..................... Commercial television programs to be provided to section 38C licensees by metropolitan commercial television broadcasting licensees....................................... 86

43AC..................... Commercial television programs to be provided to section 38C licensees by remote terrestrial licensees.......................................................................................... 88

43AD.................... Compensation for acquisition of property......................... 89

43B........................ Local presence—regional commercial radio broadcasting licences           90

43C........................ Local content—regional commercial radio broadcasting licences             91

43D....................... Special licence conditions relating to digital radio commercial broadcasting services               93

44.......................... Matters to which conditions may relate............................. 96

Division 4—General provisions                                                                            97

45.......................... Duration of licences.......................................................... 97

46.......................... Applications for renewal................................................... 97

47.......................... ACMA to renew licences unless it is aware of special circumstances      97

48.......................... Transfer of commercial broadcasting licences................... 98

49.......................... Surrender of commercial broadcasting licences................ 98

Part 5—Control of commercial broadcasting licences                                  99

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                            99

50A....................... This Part does not apply in relation to licences allocated under section 38C or subsection 40(1)             99

50.......................... Interpretation—knowledge of company............................ 99

51.......................... Means of dealing with overlapping licence areas.............. 99

52.......................... Changes in licence area populations not to put persons in breach of this Part          100

52A....................... Newspapers—additional constitutional basis.................. 100

Division 2—Limitation on control                                                                     101

53.......................... Limitation on control of commercial television broadcasting licences      101

54.......................... Limitation on control of commercial radio broadcasting licences             101

Division 3—Limitation on directorships                                                         102

55.......................... Limitation on numbers of directorships—television....... 102

56.......................... Limitation on numbers of directorships—radio.............. 102

Division 5—Newspapers associated with licence areas                          103

59.......................... Newspapers associated with commercial television or radio broadcasting licence areas          103

Division 5A—Media diversity                                                                              106

Subdivision A—Introduction                                                                               106

61AA.................... Definitions...................................................................... 106

61AB..................... Unacceptable media diversity situation........................... 108

61AC..................... Points.............................................................................. 108

61AD.................... Statutory control rules..................................................... 111

61AE..................... Shared content test.......................................................... 111

61AF..................... Overlapping licence areas............................................... 112

Subdivision B—Prohibition of transactions that result in an unacceptable media diversity situation coming into existence etc.                                                                               112

61AG.................... Prohibition of transactions that result in an unacceptable media diversity situation coming into existence—offence............................................................................ 112

61AH.................... Prohibition of transactions that result in an unacceptable media diversity situation coming into existence—civil penalty............................................................................ 113

61AJ...................... Prior approval of transactions that result in an unacceptable media diversity situation coming into existence etc......................................................................................... 113

61AK..................... Extension of time for compliance with prior approval notice 115

61AL..................... Breach of prior approval notice—offence....................... 117

61AM.................... Breach of prior approval notice—civil penalty................ 117

Subdivision C—Remedial directions                                                                 117

61AN.................... Remedial directions—unacceptable media diversity situation.. 117

61AP..................... Extension of time for compliance with remedial direction 121

61AQ.................... Breach of remedial direction—offence............................ 122

61AR..................... Breach of remedial direction—civil penalty.................... 122

Subdivision D—Enforceable undertakings                                                     123

61AS..................... Acceptance of undertakings............................................ 123

61AT..................... Enforcement of undertakings.......................................... 123

Subdivision E—Register of Controlled Media Groups                                124

61AU.................... Register of Controlled Media Groups............................. 124

61AV.................... How a media group is to be entered in the Register........ 124

61AW.................... Explanatory notes may be included in the Register......... 125

61AX.................... Continuity of media group.............................................. 125

61AY.................... Initial registration of media groups................................. 125

61AZ..................... Registration of newly‑formed media group.................... 126

61AZA.................. De‑registration of media group that has ceased to exist.. 129

61AZB.................. Registration of change of controller of registered media group                130

61AZC.................. Registration of change of composition of media group... 130

61AZCA............... ACMA must deal with notifications in order of receipt.. 131

61AZD.................. Conditional transactions.................................................. 131

61AZE................... Review and confirmation of entries and alterations etc... 133

61AZF................... Reconsideration of decisions.......................................... 136

61AZG.................. Corrections of clerical errors or obvious defects............. 138

61AZH.................. Regulations..................................................................... 138

Division 5B—Disclosure of cross‑media relationships                            139

61BA..................... Definitions...................................................................... 139

61BB..................... Disclosure of cross‑media relationship by commercial television broadcasting licensee          139

61BC..................... Choice of disclosure method—commercial radio broadcasting licensee   141

61BD..................... Disclosure of cross‑media relationship by commercial radio broadcasting licensee—business affairs disclosure method............................................................................ 142

61BE..................... Disclosure of cross‑media relationship by commercial radio broadcasting licensee—regular disclosure method........................................................................................ 143

61BF..................... Disclosure of cross‑media relationship by publisher of newspaper         145

61BG..................... Exception—political communication............................... 146

61BH..................... Matter or material about the business affairs of a broadcasting licensee or newspaper publisher             147

Division 5C—Local news and information requirements for regional commercial radio broadcasting licensees                                                                                                 150

Subdivision A—Introduction                                                                               150

61CA..................... Definitions...................................................................... 150

61CAA.................. This Division does not apply in relation to certain licences 151

61CB..................... Trigger event................................................................... 152

61CC..................... What is local?.................................................................. 154

Subdivision B—Minimum service standards for local news and information               154

61CD..................... Licensee must meet minimum service standards for local news and information     154

61CE..................... Minimum service standards for local news and information 156

Subdivision C—Local content statements                                                        158

61CF..................... Licensee must prepare and publish local content statements 158

Subdivision CA—Licensee to inform the ACMA how the licensee will comply with minimum service standards for emergency warnings                                                                160

61CG..................... Licensee to inform the ACMA how the licensee will comply with minimum service standards for emergency warnings......................................................................... 160

Subdivision CB—ACMA’s information‑gathering powers                         161

61CH..................... ACMA’s information‑gathering powers........................ 161

Subdivision D—Other local content requirements                                        161

61CR..................... Minister may direct the ACMA to conduct an investigation about other local content requirements        161

61CS..................... Minister may direct the ACMA to impose licence conditions relating to local content             162

Division 5D—Local programming requirements for regional commercial television broadcasting licensees                                                                                                 163

61CU..................... Definitions...................................................................... 163

61CV..................... Trigger event................................................................... 165

61CW.................... Local programming requirements for regional aggregated commercial television broadcasting licensees........................................................................................ 165

61CX..................... Local programming requirements for regional non‑aggregated commercial television broadcasting licensees........................................................................................ 167

61CY..................... Points system.................................................................. 168

61CYA.................. Modifications relating to designated Western Australian commercial television broadcasting licences    171

61CYB.................. When designated Western Australian commercial television broadcasting licences are under common control........................................................................................ 173

61CZ..................... Local programming determination.................................. 173

61CZA.................. Record‑keeping requirements......................................... 174

61CZB................... Licensee must submit compliance reports....................... 174

61CZC................... Review of local programming requirements................... 175

61CZD.................. Minister may direct the ACMA about the exercise of its powers             176

Division 6—Notification provisions                                                                  177

63.......................... Requirement to notify changes in control........................ 177

65A....................... Strict liability offence...................................................... 178

65B........................ Designated infringement notice provision....................... 178

Division 7—Approval of temporary breaches                                            179

66.......................... Offence for breaches without approval........................... 179

67.......................... Applications for prior approval of temporary breaches... 180

68.......................... Extension of time for compliance with notice................. 181

69.......................... Breach of notice under section 67 to constitute an offence 182

Division 8—Action by the ACMA                                                                      183

70.......................... Notices by the ACMA.................................................... 183

71.......................... Extension of time for compliance with notice................. 184

72.......................... Breach of notice under section 70 to constitute an offence 185

Division 9—Special provision for small markets                                       186

73.......................... Additional licence under section 38A not to result in breach of ownership limits    186

73A....................... Additional licence allocated under section 38B not to result in breach of control rules            186

Division 10—Prior opinions by the ACMA                                                  187

74.......................... Requests to ACMA to give an opinion on whether a person is in a position to control a licence, a newspaper or a company.................................................................. 187

Division 10A—Register of Foreign Owners of Media Assets             189

Subdivision A—Introduction                                                                               189

74A....................... Simplified outline of this Division.................................. 189

74B........................ Definitions...................................................................... 189

74C........................ Foreign stakeholder........................................................ 191

Subdivision B—Register of Foreign Owners of Media Assets                    191

74D....................... Register of Foreign Owners of Media Assets................ 191

74E........................ Information to be set out in the Register of Foreign Owners of Media Assets        192

Subdivision C—Notification                                                                                193

74F........................ Notification by a person who becomes a foreign stakeholder in an Australian media company               193

74G....................... Notification by a person who ceases to be a foreign stakeholder in an Australian media company          194

74H....................... Notification by a person who is a foreign stakeholder in an Australian media company at the end of a financial year................................................................................. 195

74J......................... Notification by a person who is a foreign stakeholder in an Australian media company at the commencement of this Division............................................................... 196

74K........................ Notification by a person who is a foreign stakeholder in an Australian media company—requirement by the ACMA........................................................................... 197

74L........................ Requirement for executors, administrators and liquidators to give notification        198

74M....................... Person may give the ACMA relevant information.......... 198

Subdivision D—Miscellaneous                                                                            199

74N....................... Minister may direct the ACMA about the performance of its functions or the exercise of its powers     199

74P........................ Service of summons, process or notice on corporations incorporated outside Australia          199

74Q....................... Extra‑territorial application.............................................. 200

74R........................ Annual report.................................................................. 200

74S........................ Part 13 not limited........................................................... 200

74T........................ Liability for damages...................................................... 200

74U....................... Review of this Division etc............................................. 201

Division 11—Miscellaneous                                                                                   202

75.......................... Register of matters under this Part.................................. 202

76.......................... Continuing offences........................................................ 202

77.......................... Part has effect notwithstanding Competition and Consumer Act             203

78.......................... Part not to invalidate appointments................................. 203

Part 6—Community broadcasting licences                                                        204

79.......................... Interpretation................................................................... 204

79A....................... Application..................................................................... 204

80.......................... ACMA to advertise for applications for BSB community broadcasting licences     204

81.......................... When licences must not be allocated............................... 205

82.......................... Other community broadcasting licences.......................... 205

83.......................... When persons are regarded as suitable........................... 205

84.......................... Allocation of community broadcasting licences.............. 206

84A....................... Designated community radio broadcasting licences to provide analog or digital services        208

85.......................... ACMA not required to allocate community broadcasting licence to any applicant   209

85A....................... Services authorised by designated community radio broadcasting licences              209

86.......................... Conditions of community broadcasting licences............. 211

87.......................... ACMA may impose additional conditions on community broadcasting licences     211

87A....................... Additional conditions on CTV licences.......................... 212

87B........................ Special licence condition relating to digital community radio broadcasting services 214

88.......................... Matters to which conditions may relate........................... 215

89.......................... Duration of community broadcasting licences................ 215

90.......................... Applications for renewal of community broadcasting licences 215

91.......................... ACMA may renew community broadcasting licences.... 217

91A....................... Transfer of community broadcasting licences................. 218

92.......................... Surrender of community broadcasting licences............... 219

Part 6A—Temporary community broadcasting licences                           220

92A....................... Interpretation................................................................... 220

92B........................ Temporary community broadcasting licences................. 220

92C........................ Applicants for temporary community broadcasting licences 220

92D....................... When applicants and licensees are regarded as suitable.. 221

92E........................ Criteria for deciding whether to allocate a licence........... 222

92F........................ Licences to accord with alternative planning procedures. 223

92G....................... Licence area, timing conditions and licence period.......... 223

92H....................... Conditions of temporary community broadcasting licences 223

92J......................... ACMA may vary conditions or periods, or impose new conditions        224

92K........................ Duration of temporary community broadcasting licences 225

92L........................ Surrender of temporary community broadcasting licences 225

Part 7—Subscription television broadcasting services                                226

Division 1—Allocation of subscription television broadcasting licences               226

95.......................... When subscription television broadcasting licence must not be allocated 226

96.......................... Allocation of other subscription television broadcasting licences             226

97.......................... Requests to Australian Competition and Consumer Commission            227

98.......................... Suitability for allocation of licence.................................. 228

98D....................... Compensation................................................................. 229

Division 2—Conditions of subscription television broadcasting licence                230

99.......................... Conditions applicable to subscription television broadcasting licence      230

100........................ Matters to which conditions may relate........................... 231

Division 2A—Eligible drama expenditure                                                     233

Subdivision A—Introduction                                                                               233

103A..................... Simplified outline............................................................ 233

103B...................... Definitions...................................................................... 234

103C...................... Channel providers........................................................... 237

103D..................... Part‑channel providers.................................................... 238

103E...................... Pass‑through providers................................................... 238

103F...................... Part‑pass‑through providers........................................... 239

103G..................... Supply of channel or package......................................... 239

103H..................... Non‑designated pre‑production expenditure not to be counted unless principal photography has commenced........................................................................................ 240

103J....................... Cash‑based accounting—when expenditure is incurred.. 240

103JA.................... When designated script development expenditure is incurred in relation to an eligible drama program etc......................................................................................... 240

103K...................... When expenditure incurred on a new eligible drama program  243

103L...................... ACMA may make determinations about what constitutes program expenditure      243

103M..................... Expenditure to be nominated only once in meeting licence conditions     245

Subdivision B—Channel provider supplies channel                                     246

103N..................... 10% minimum eligible drama expenditure—channel provider supplies channel      246

103NA.................. Carry‑forward eligible drama expenditure...................... 248

103P...................... Shortfall of eligible drama expenditure—channel provider supplies channel exclusively to licensee       248

103Q..................... Shortfall of eligible drama expenditure—channel provider supplies channel to multiple licensees           250

Subdivision C—Pass‑through provider supplies channel                            253

103R...................... 10% minimum eligible drama expenditure—pass‑through provider supplies channel             253

103RA................... Carry‑forward eligible drama expenditure...................... 255

103S...................... Shortfall of eligible drama expenditure—pass‑through provider supplies channel   256

Subdivision D—Licensee supplies all program material                             257

103T...................... 10% minimum eligible drama expenditure—licensee supplies all program material 257

103TA................... Carry‑forward eligible drama expenditure...................... 259

Subdivision E—Part‑channel provider supplies package of programs   260

103U..................... 10% minimum eligible drama expenditure—part‑channel provider supplies package of programs          260

103UA.................. Carry‑forward eligible drama expenditure...................... 261

103V..................... Shortfall of eligible drama expenditure—part‑channel provider supplies a package of programs exclusively to licensee........................................................................... 262

103W..................... Shortfall of eligible drama expenditure—part‑channel provider supplies a package of programs to multiple licensees.......................................................................... 264

Subdivision F—Part‑pass‑through provider supplies package of programs  267

103X..................... 10% minimum eligible drama expenditure—part‑pass‑through provider supplies package of programs 267

103XA.................. Carry‑forward eligible drama expenditure...................... 268

103Y..................... Shortfall of eligible drama expenditure—part‑pass‑through provider supplies package of programs      269

Subdivision G—Licensee supplies part of program material                    271

103Z...................... 10% minimum eligible drama expenditure—licensee supplies part of program material          271

103ZAA................ Carry‑forward eligible drama expenditure...................... 272

Subdivision H—Annual returns                                                                          273

103ZA................... Licensee to lodge annual return....................................... 273

103ZB................... Channel provider and part‑channel provider to lodge annual return         274

103ZC................... ACMA may inquire into the correctness of an annual return 275

103ZD................... Nominations to be attached to annual returns.................. 275

Subdivision J—Miscellaneous                                                                            276

103ZG................... Anti‑avoidance—transactions between persons not at arm’s length         276

103ZH................... Expenditure to be expressed in Australian currency....... 276

Division 6—Miscellaneous                                                                                     277

113........................ Transfer of subscription television broadcasting licence. 277

114........................ Surrender of subscription television broadcasting licence 277

115........................ Minister may protect the free availability of certain types of programs    277

116........................ Certain arrangements not to result in control or in persons being associates            278

116A..................... Use of additional capacity............................................... 279

116B...................... Application of section 51 of the Competition and Consumer Act            279

Part 8—Subscription broadcasting and narrowcasting class licences 280

117........................ Determination of class licences....................................... 280

118........................ Conditions of class licences............................................ 280

119........................ Matters to which conditions may relate........................... 280

120........................ Variation of class licences............................................... 281

Part 8A—Restrictions on subscription television broadcasting services in regional areas etc.   282

121A..................... Simplified outline............................................................ 282

121B...................... Definitions...................................................................... 282

121C...................... Identical program items................................................... 283

121D..................... Continuity of program items........................................... 283

121E...................... ACMA permission is required to provide certain television services in regional areas            284

Part 8B—International broadcasting licences                                                  286

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        286

121F...................... Simplified outline............................................................ 286

121FAA................ Definitions...................................................................... 287

Division 2—Allocation of international broadcasting licences           288

121FA................... Application for international broadcasting licence........... 288

121FB................... Corporate status and suitability....................................... 288

121FC................... Unsuitable applicant........................................................ 290

121FD................... Australia’s national interest............................................. 291

121FE.................... Allocation of licence....................................................... 293

Division 3—Obligations of international broadcasting licensees      294

121FF.................... Conditions of international broadcasting licences........... 294

Division 4—Remedies                                                                                               295

121FG................... Prohibition on providing an international broadcasting service without a licence     295

121FH................... Remedial directions—unlicensed international broadcasting services      295

121FHA................ Breach of remedial direction—offence............................ 296

121FHB................ Breach of remedial direction—civil penalty provision.... 296

121FJ.................... Offence for breach of conditions of international broadcasting licence    296

121FJA................. Civil penalty provision relating to breach of conditions of international broadcasting licences                297

121FJB.................. Remedial directions—licence conditions......................... 297

121FJC.................. Breach of remedial direction—offence............................ 298

121FJD................. Breach of remedial direction—civil penalty provision.... 298

121FK................... Cancellation of licence if service does not commence within 2 years       298

121FL.................... Formal warning, or cancellation or suspension of licence, where service is contrary to Australia’s national interest............................................................................ 299

Division 4A—Nominated broadcaster declarations                                 302

121FLA................. Object of this Division.................................................... 302

121FLB................. Applications for nominated broadcaster declarations...... 302

121FLC................. Making a nominated broadcaster declaration.................. 302

121FLD................. Effect of nominated broadcaster declaration.................... 304

121FLE................. Conditions of nominated broadcaster declarations.......... 305

121FLF................. Offence for breach of conditions of nominated broadcaster declaration   305

121FLG................. Revocation of nominated broadcaster declaration........... 306

121FLH................. Cancellation of licence if declaration ceases to be in force and licensee is not an Australian company     308

121FLJ.................. Register of nominated broadcaster declarations.............. 309

Division 5—ACMA to assist the Minister for Foreign Affairs           310

121FM.................. Report about compliance with international broadcasting guidelines        310

121FN................... Records of broadcasts..................................................... 310

Division 6—Miscellaneous                                                                                     311

121FP.................... International broadcasting guidelines.............................. 311

121FQ................... Surrender of international broadcasting licences............. 311

121FR................... Complaints about international broadcasting services..... 311

121FS.................... Statements about decisions of the Minister for Foreign Affairs               311

Part 9—Content rules, program standards and codes of practice      313

121G..................... Australian content—transmission quota......................... 313

121H..................... Australian content: transmission quota for regional/remote commercial television broadcasting licensees........................................................................................ 317

122........................ Program standards for children’s programs and Australian content         320

123........................ Development of codes of practice................................... 322

123B...................... Review by the ACMA—application of code of practice to section 38C licences     326

124........................ ACMA to maintain Register of codes of practice........... 327

125........................ ACMA may determine program standards where codes of practice fail or where no code of practice developed........................................................................................ 327

125A..................... ACMA must determine a gambling promotion program standard if directed by the Minister  328

126........................ Consultation on standards............................................... 334

127........................ Notification of determination or variation or revocation of standards       334

128........................ Standards and codes to be amendable by the Parliament. 335

129........................ Limitation of ACMA’s power in relation to standards... 335

130........................ Application of the Competition and Consumer Act........ 336

Part 9A—Technical standards                                                                                   337

130A..................... Technical standards for digital transmission—television etc. 337

130AA.................. Technical standards for digital transmission—radio etc.. 339

130AB................... Technical standards relating to the operation of multiplex transmitters     340

130AC................... Technical standards for digital transmission of television services provided with the use of a satellite    340

130B...................... Technical standards for domestic digital reception equipment—television etc.         341

130BA................... Technical standards for domestic digital reception equipment—radio etc.                343

130BB................... Technical standards for domestic digital reception equipment—television services provided with the use of a satellite............................................................................ 346

Part 9B—Industry codes and industry standards                                         350

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              350

130C...................... Simplified outline............................................................ 350

Division 2—Interpretation                                                                                     351

130D..................... Industry codes................................................................ 351

130E...................... Industry standards.......................................................... 351

130F...................... Industry activities............................................................ 351

130G..................... Sections of the industry.................................................. 353

130H..................... Participants in a section of the industry........................... 353

Division 3—General principles relating to industry codes and industry standards        354

130J....................... Statement of regulatory policy........................................ 354

130K...................... Examples of matters that may be dealt with by industry codes and industry standards            354

130L...................... Industry codes and industry standards not to deal with certain matters    355

Division 4—Industry codes                                                                                    356

130M..................... Registration of industry codes........................................ 356

130N..................... ACMA may request codes............................................. 357

130P...................... Publication of notice where no body or association represents a section of the industry          358

130Q..................... Replacement of industry codes....................................... 359

Division 5—Industry standards                                                                          360

130R...................... ACMA may determine an industry standard if a request for an industry code is not complied with        360

130S...................... ACMA may determine industry standard where no industry body or association formed       361

130T...................... ACMA may determine industry standards—total failure of industry codes             362

130U..................... ACMA may determine industry standards—partial failure of industry codes          363

130V..................... Compliance with industry standards............................... 365

130W..................... Formal warnings—breach of industry standards............ 365

130X..................... Variation of industry standards....................................... 365

130Y..................... Revocation of industry standards.................................... 366

Division 6—Register of industry codes and industry standards        367

130ZA................... ACMA to maintain Register of industry codes and industry standards   367

Part 9C—Access to commercial television broadcasting services provided with the use of a satellite   368

130ZBA................ Simplified outline............................................................ 368

130ZB................... Objectives of conditional access scheme—South Eastern Australia TV3 licence area and Northern Australia TV3 licence area............................................................. 368

130ZBB................. Objectives of conditional access scheme—Western Australia TV3 licence area      373

130ZC................... Registration of conditional access scheme developed by representative body or association   377

130ZCAA............. ACMA may invite representative body or association to develop a revised conditional access scheme   379

130ZCAB.............. ACMA may request development of replacement conditional access scheme          380

130ZCA................ Registration of conditional access scheme formulated by the ACMA      381

130ZD................... Replacement of conditional access scheme..................... 384

130ZE.................... ACMA to maintain register of conditional access schemes 384

130ZF.................... ACMA may direct a scheme administrator to issue a reception certificate etc.         385

130ZFA................. Adequate reception......................................................... 388

130ZG................... Applicable terrestrial digital commercial television broadcasting services                389

130ZH................... Declared service‑deficient areas...................................... 390

Part 9D—Captioning                                                                                                       393

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        393

130ZJ.................... Simplified outline............................................................ 393

130ZK................... Definitions...................................................................... 393

130ZKA................ Definition of channel provider....................................... 397

130ZKB................. Definition of part‑channel provider............................... 397

130ZKC................. Supply of channel or package......................................... 398

130ZL.................... Designated viewing hours.............................................. 398

130ZM.................. This Part does not apply to foreign language programs.. 398

130ZN................... This Part does not apply to programs that consist wholly of music         399

130ZO................... Captioning service provided for part of program............ 399

130ZP.................... Multiple subscription television services provided by licensee                399

130ZQ................... Television service provided in a period........................... 400

Division 2—Captioning obligations of commercial television broadcasting licensees and national broadcasters                                                                                        401

130ZR................... Captioning obligations—basic rule................................. 401

130ZS.................... Captioning obligations—special rules for multi‑channelled services        404

130ZUA................ Exemption orders and target reduction orders—unjustifiable hardship    406

130ZUAA............. Effect of target reduction order....................................... 411

130ZUB................ Certain breaches to be disregarded.................................. 413

Division 3—Captioning obligations of subscription television licensees                415

130ZV................... Annual captioning targets—subscription television licensees  415

130ZVA................ Categories for subscription television movie services..... 418

130ZW.................. Categories for subscription television general entertainment services      419

130ZX................... Exemptions—certain subscription television services provided before 1 July 2022                421

130ZY................... Exemption orders and target reduction orders—unjustifiable hardship    427

130ZYA................ Effect of target reduction order....................................... 431

130ZZ.................... Captioning services for repeats of television programs... 432

130ZZAA.............. Captioning services for simultaneously transmitted television programs 432

130ZZAB.............. Certain breaches to be disregarded.................................. 433

Division 4—Captioning standards                                                                     434

130ZZA................. Captioning standards...................................................... 434

Division 5—Emergency warnings                                                                      436

130ZZB................. Emergency warnings...................................................... 436

Division 6—Reports and record‑keeping                                                       438

130ZZC................. Annual compliance reports............................................. 438

130ZZD................. Record‑keeping............................................................... 439

Division 7—Review of this Part etc.                                                                 441

130ZZE................. Review of this Part etc.................................................... 441

Part 10—Remedies for breaches of licensing provisions                           442

Division 1—Offences for providing unlicensed services                        442

131........................ Prohibition on providing a commercial television broadcasting service without a licence        442

132........................ Prohibition on providing a subscription television broadcasting service without a licence       442

133........................ Prohibition on providing a commercial radio broadcasting service without a licence               442

134........................ Prohibition on providing a community television broadcasting service without a licence        442

135........................ Prohibition on providing a community radio broadcasting service without a licence               443

136........................ Continuing offences........................................................ 443

Division 1A—Civil penalty provisions relating to unlicensed services   444

136A..................... Prohibition on providing a commercial television broadcasting service without a licence        444

136B...................... Prohibition on providing a subscription television broadcasting service without a licence       444

136C...................... Prohibition on providing a commercial radio broadcasting service without a licence               444

136D..................... Prohibition on providing a community television broadcasting service without a licence        444

136E...................... Prohibition on providing a community radio broadcasting service without a licence               445

136F...................... Continuing breaches....................................................... 445

Division 2—Action by ACMA where a person provides a service without a licence     446

137........................ Remedial directions—unlicensed services...................... 446

138........................ Breach of remedial direction—offences.......................... 446

138A..................... Breach of remedial direction—civil penalty provision.... 447

Division 3—Action in relation to breaches by licensees                         448

139........................ Offence for breach of conditions of licences and class licences               448

140........................ Continuing offences........................................................ 450

140A..................... Civil penalty provisions relating to breach of conditions of licences and class licences           450

141........................ Remedial directions—licence conditions, class licences and codes of practice         451

142........................ Breach of remedial direction—offences.......................... 454

142A..................... Breach of remedial direction—civil penalty provision.... 455

143........................ Suspension and cancellation........................................... 456

Division 4—Action in relation to class licences                                          458

144........................ Application to Federal Court........................................... 458

Part 10A—Anti‑hoarding rules                                                                                 459

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        459

146A..................... Simplified outline............................................................ 459

146B...................... Definitions...................................................................... 460

146C...................... Designated events and designated series of events......... 462

146CA................... When event or series is eligible for delayed televising in the Central‑Western time zones       462

146D..................... Program suppliers........................................................... 463

Division 2—Commercial television broadcasting licensees                  466

146E...................... Anti‑hoarding rule—licensees........................................ 466

146F...................... Anti‑hoarding rule—program suppliers.......................... 467

146G..................... What constitutes an offer to transfer rights to televise live events            469

146H..................... Offers to transfer rights to televise live events................ 469

146J....................... Contracts to acquire rights to televise live events must authorise the transfer of the rights       470

146K...................... Simultaneous events in a series....................................... 471

146KA................... Delayed televising in the Central‑Western time zones..... 472

Division 3—National broadcasters                                                                   475

146L...................... Anti‑hoarding rule.......................................................... 475

146M..................... What constitutes an offer to transfer rights to televise live events            476

146N..................... Offers to transfer rights to televise live events................ 477

146P...................... Contracts to acquire rights to televise live events must authorise the transfer of the rights       477

146Q..................... Simultaneous events in a series....................................... 478

146R...................... Delayed televising in the Central‑Western time zones..... 478

Part 11—Complaints to the ACMA                                                                       481

Division 1—Complaints relating to action under licences and class licences      481

147........................ Complaints relating to offences or breach of licence conditions               481

148........................ Complaints under codes of practice................................ 481

149........................ Investigation of complaints by the ACMA..................... 482

Division 2—Complaints relating to national broadcasting services or datacasting services provided by the ABC or SBS                                                                                 483

150........................ Complaints relating to national broadcasting services or datacasting services provided by the ABC or SBS........................................................................................ 483

151........................ Investigation of complaints relating to the ABC or SBS by the ACMA  484

152........................ Action by ACMA where complaint justified.................. 484

153........................ ACMA may report to Minister on results of recommendation 484

Part 13—Information gathering by the ACMA and the Commissioner  485

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        485

168........................ Obtaining of information by the ACMA........................ 485

169........................ Decision‑making by the ACMA not limited to matters discovered by investigation or hearing               485

169A..................... Investigation by the Commissioner................................. 486

Division 2—Investigations                                                                                     487

170........................ Investigations by the ACMA.......................................... 487

171........................ Minister may direct ACMA to conduct an investigation. 487

172........................ ACMA may call for written submissions from the public 487

173........................ Notice requiring appearance for examination.................. 488

174........................ Examination on oath or affirmation................................. 488

175........................ Examination to take place in private................................ 489

176........................ Record to be made of examination.................................. 489

177........................ Production of documents for inspection......................... 490

178........................ Report on investigation................................................... 490

179........................ Publication of report....................................................... 491

180........................ Person adversely affected by report to be given opportunity to comment                491

Division 3—Hearings                                                                                                492

182........................ Power to hold hearings................................................... 492

183........................ Minister may direct ACMA to hold a hearing................ 492

184........................ Procedure for conduct of hearings.................................. 492

185........................ ACMA may direct holding of conference....................... 492

186........................ Hearings to be informal, quick and economical.............. 493

187........................ Hearings to be in public except in exceptional cases....... 493

188........................ Public notice of hearings................................................. 493

189........................ Confidential material not to be published........................ 493

190........................ Directions as to private hearings..................................... 494

191........................ Constitution of ACMA for conduct of hearings............. 494

192........................ Presiding member........................................................... 494

193........................ Reconstitution of hearing panel....................................... 494

194........................ Exercise of powers in relation to conduct of hearing...... 495

195........................ Summons to give evidence or produce documents......... 495

196........................ Written submissions may be made to hearing................. 495

197........................ Evidence and submissions to be taken into account by ACMA               495

198........................ Representation at hearings.............................................. 496

199........................ Reports on hearings........................................................ 496

Division 4—General                                                                                                  497

200........................ Protection of members and persons giving evidence...... 497

201........................ Protection of panel conducting hearing........................... 497

202........................ Non‑compliance with requirement to give evidence........ 497

203........................ Proceedings for defamation not to lie.............................. 499

Part 14—Appeals to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal                     501

204........................ Appeals to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal............ 501

205........................ Notification of decisions to include notification of reasons and appeal rights          509

Part 14AA—Collection and recovery of interim tax                                    510

205AA.................. Simplified outline of this Part......................................... 510

205AB................... Assessments................................................................... 510

205AC................... When interim tax becomes due and payable.................... 511

205AD.................. Recovery of interim tax................................................... 512

205AE................... Refund of overpayment of interim tax............................ 512

205AF................... Late payment penalty...................................................... 512

205AG.................. Anti‑avoidance................................................................ 513

Part 14B—Civil penalties                                                                                              515

Division 1—Ancillary contravention of civil penalty provision         515

205E...................... Ancillary contravention of civil penalty provision.......... 515

Division 2—Civil penalty orders                                                                        516

205EA................... Simplified outline............................................................ 516

205F...................... Civil penalty orders......................................................... 516

205G..................... Who may apply for a civil penalty order......................... 519

205H..................... 2 or more proceedings may be heard together................. 519

205J....................... Time limit for application for an order............................ 519

205K...................... Civil evidence and procedure rules for civil penalty orders 520

205L...................... Civil proceedings after criminal proceedings.................. 520

205M..................... Criminal proceedings during civil proceedings............... 520

205N..................... Criminal proceedings after civil proceedings.................. 520

205P...................... Evidence given in proceedings for a civil penalty order not admissible in criminal proceedings              521

205PAA................ Mistake of fact................................................................ 521

Part 14C—Injunctions                                                                                                    523

205PA................... Simplified outline............................................................ 523

205Q..................... Injunctions...................................................................... 523

205R...................... Interim injunctions.......................................................... 524

205S...................... Discharge etc. of injunctions........................................... 524

205T...................... Certain limits on granting injunctions not to apply.......... 524

205U..................... Other powers of the Federal Court unaffected................ 525

Part 14D—Enforceable undertakings                                                                   526

205V..................... Simplified outline............................................................ 526

205W..................... Acceptance of undertakings............................................ 526

205X..................... Enforcement of undertakings.......................................... 527

Part 14E—Infringement notices                                                                               528

205XAA............... Simplified outline............................................................ 528

205XA.................. Formal warning.............................................................. 528

205Y..................... When an infringement notice can be given...................... 528

205Z...................... Matters to be included in an infringement notice............. 529

205ZA................... Amount of penalty.......................................................... 529

205ZB................... Withdrawal of an infringement notice............................. 530

205ZC................... What happens if the penalty is paid................................. 530

205ZD................... Effect of this Part on criminal proceedings..................... 531

205ZE.................... Appointment of authorised infringement notice officer... 531

205ZF.................... Regulations..................................................................... 532

Part 14F—Grants                                                                                                              533

205ZG................... Simplified outline of this Part......................................... 533

205ZH................... Grants............................................................................. 533

205ZJ.................... Terms and conditions for grants..................................... 534

205ZK................... Advisory committee........................................................ 535

205ZL.................... Annual report.................................................................. 535

205ZM.................. Short title of amending Act does not limit the powers conferred by this Part           536

Part 15—Miscellaneous                                                                                                  537

206........................ Broadcasting or datacasting taken to be publication in permanent form   537

207........................ Amounts of fees............................................................. 537

209........................ Prosecutions................................................................... 537

210........................ Publication of opinions................................................... 537

211AA.................. Time when a television program is broadcast—certain terrestrial licence areas        538

211A..................... Time when a television program is broadcast—South Eastern Australia TV3 and Northern Australia TV3 licence areas.................................................................... 539

212........................ Special provisions for re‑transmission of programs....... 541

212A..................... Self‑help providers......................................................... 543

212B...................... Declared self‑help providers and excluded providers..... 545

213........................ Penalties for continuing offences.................................... 546

214........................ Procedure relating to continuing offences....................... 546

215........................ Guidelines relating to ACMA’s enforcement powers etc. 546

216........................ Ministerial consultative and advisory bodies.................. 548

216A..................... Schedule 4 (digital television broadcasting).................... 548

216AA.................. Review of taxation arrangements etc............................... 548

216B...................... Schedule 5 (online services)........................................... 549

216C...................... Schedule 6 (datacasting services).................................... 549

216D..................... Schedule 7 (content services).......................................... 549

216E...................... Schedule 8 (online content services)............................... 549

217........................ Regulations..................................................................... 549

218........................ Channel sharing.............................................................. 550

Schedule 1—Control and ownership of company interests   551

Part 1—Introduction                                                                                                        551

1............................ Control—general............................................................ 551

Part 2—When person is in a position to exercise control                           553

2............................ When person is in a position to exercise control............. 553

3............................ When person is in a position to exercise control of a newspaper             555

4............................ Special provisions for authorised lenders....................... 556

Part 3—Deemed control                                                                                                 560

5............................ Explanation of examples................................................. 560

6............................ The 15% rule.................................................................. 560

7............................ Application of method through chain of companies........ 560

Part 4—Tracing of ownership                                                                                   561

8............................ Tracing of ownership...................................................... 561

Schedule 2—Standard conditions                                                            563

Part 1—Interpretation                                                                                                    563

1............................ Definitions...................................................................... 563

2............................ Interpretation—certain things do not amount to broadcasting of advertisements      567

Part 2—Special conditions                                                                                            569

3............................ Broadcasting of political or controversial material.......... 569

3A......................... Broadcasting of election advertisements......................... 569

4............................ Identification of certain political matter........................... 570

5............................ Records of matter broadcast............................................ 572

Part 3—Commercial television broadcasting licences                                  574

Division 1—General                                                                                                  574

7............................ Conditions of commercial television broadcasting licences 574

Division 2—Licences allocated under section 38C                                   579

7A......................... Common conditions........................................................ 579

7B.......................... Conditions about the provision of primary commercial television broadcasting services         579

7C.......................... Conditions about the provision of non‑primary commercial television broadcasting services  583

7D......................... Condition about the provision of local news services..... 587

7E.......................... Exemption—provision of new commercial television broadcasting services not technically feasible       587

7F.......................... Exemption—commercial television broadcasting services with the same program content      588

7G......................... Delay in commencement of new commercial television broadcasting services         590

7J........................... Program content.............................................................. 591

7L.......................... Definitions...................................................................... 591

Part 4—Commercial radio broadcasting licences                                          593

8............................ Standard conditions of commercial radio broadcasting licences               593

Part 5—Community broadcasting licences                                                        597

9............................ Conditions applicable to services provided under community broadcasting licences               597

Part 6—Subscription television broadcasting licences                                 601

10.......................... Conditions applicable to subscription television broadcasting licences    601

Part 7—Services provided under class licences                                               604

11.......................... Conditions applicable to broadcasting services provided under class licences         604


An Act relating to broadcasting services, datacasting services, online services and content services, and for related purposes

Part 1Preliminary

  

1  Short title

                   This Act may be cited as the Broadcasting Services Act 1992.

2  Commencement

             (1)  Section 1, this section, sections 3 and 6 commence on the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent.

             (2)  The remaining provisions of this Act commence on a day to be fixed by Proclamation.

             (3)  If those provisions do not commence under subsection (2) within the period of 6 months beginning on the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent, those provisions commence on the first day after the end of that period.

3  Objects of this Act

             (1)  The objects of this Act are:

                     (a)  to promote the availability to audiences throughout Australia of a diverse range of radio and television services offering entertainment, education and information; and

                    (aa)  to promote the availability to audiences and users throughout Australia of a diverse range of datacasting services; and

                     (b)  to provide a regulatory environment that will facilitate the development of a broadcasting industry in Australia that is efficient, competitive and responsive to audience needs; and

                   (ba)  to provide a regulatory environment that will facilitate the development of a datacasting industry in Australia that is efficient, competitive and responsive to audience and user needs; and

                     (c)  to encourage diversity in control of the more influential broadcasting services; and

                     (e)  to promote the role of broadcasting services in developing and reflecting a sense of Australian identity, character and cultural diversity; and

                    (ea)  to promote the availability to audiences throughout Australia of television and radio programs about matters of local significance; and

                      (f)  to promote the provision of high quality and innovative programming by providers of broadcasting services; and

                    (fa)  to promote the provision of high quality and innovative content by providers of datacasting services; and

                     (g)  to encourage providers of commercial and community broadcasting services to be responsive to the need for a fair and accurate coverage of matters of public interest and for an appropriate coverage of matters of local significance; and

                     (h)  to encourage providers of broadcasting services to respect community standards in the provision of program material; and

                   (ha)  to ensure designated content/hosting service providers respect community standards in relation to content; and

                   (hb)  to ensure online content service providers respect community standards in relation to gambling promotional content; and

                      (i)  to encourage the provision of means for addressing complaints about broadcasting services; and

                    (ia)  to provide a means for addressing complaints about gambling promotional content provided on online content services; and

                      (j)  to ensure that providers of broadcasting services place a high priority on the protection of children from exposure to program material which may be harmful to them; and

                    (ja)  to ensure that international broadcasting services are not provided contrary to Australia’s national interest; and

                     (k)  to provide a means for addressing complaints about certain internet content; and

                      (l)  to restrict access to certain internet content that is likely to cause offence to a reasonable adult; and

                    (m)  to protect children from exposure to internet content that is unsuitable for children; and

                     (n)  to ensure the maintenance and, where possible, the development of diversity, including public, community and indigenous broadcasting, in the Australian broadcasting system in the transition to digital broadcasting.

             (2)  In this section:

designated content/hosting service provider has the same meaning as in Schedule 7.

gambling promotional content has the same meaning as in Schedule 8.

internet content has the same meaning as in Schedule 5.

online content service has the same meaning as in Schedule 8.

online content service provider has the same meaning as in Schedule 8.

4  Regulatory policy

             (1)  The Parliament intends that different levels of regulatory control be applied across the range of broadcasting services, datacasting services, internet services and online content services according to the degree of influence that different types of broadcasting services, datacasting services, internet services and online content services are able to exert in shaping community views in Australia.

             (2)  The Parliament also intends that broadcasting services and datacasting services in Australia be regulated in a manner that, in the opinion of the ACMA:

                     (a)  enables public interest considerations to be addressed in a way that does not impose unnecessary financial and administrative burdens on providers of broadcasting services and datacasting services; and

                     (b)  will readily accommodate technological change; and

                     (c)  encourages:

                              (i)  the development of broadcasting technologies and datacasting technologies, and their application; and

                             (ii)  the provision of services made practicable by those technologies to the Australian community.

             (3)  The Parliament also intends that internet carriage services supplied to end‑users in Australia, be regulated in a manner that:

                     (a)  enables public interest considerations to be addressed in a way that does not impose unnecessary financial and administrative burdens on internet service providers; and

                     (b)  will readily accommodate technological change; and

                     (c)  encourages:

                              (i)  the development of internet technologies and their application; and

                             (ii)  the provision of services made practicable by those technologies to the Australian community; and

                            (iii)  the supply of internet carriage services at performance standards that reasonably meet the social, industrial and commercial needs of the Australian community.

       (3AA)  The Parliament also intends that designated content/hosting services be regulated in a manner that:

                     (a)  enables public interest considerations to be addressed in a way that does not impose unnecessary financial and administrative burdens on the providers of those services; and

                     (b)  will readily accommodate technological change; and

                     (c)  encourages:

                              (i)  the development of communications technologies and their application; and

                             (ii)  the provision of services made practicable by those technologies to the Australian community.

       (3AB)  The Parliament also intends that gambling promotional content provided on online content services be regulated in a manner that:

                     (a)  enables public interest considerations in relation to gambling promotional content to be addressed in a way that does not impose unnecessary financial and administrative burdens on the providers of online content services; and

                     (b)  will readily accommodate technological change; and

                     (c)  encourages the provision of online content services to the Australian community; and

                     (d)  encourages the development of technologies relating to online content services.

          (3A)  This section does not apply to Part 8B (which deals with international broadcasting services).

             (4)  In this section:

designated content/hosting service has the same meaning as in Schedule 7.

gambling promotional content has the same meaning as in Schedule 8.

internet carriage service has the same meaning as in Schedule 5.

internet content has the same meaning as in Schedule 5.

internet service provider has the same meaning as in Schedule 5.

online content service has the same meaning as in Schedule 8.

online content service provider has the same meaning as in Schedule 8.

5  Role of the ACMA

             (1)  In order to achieve the objects of this Act in a way that is consistent with the regulatory policy referred to in section 4, the Parliament:

                     (a)  charges the ACMA with responsibility for monitoring the broadcasting industry, the datacasting industry, the internet industry, the commercial content service industry and the online content service industry; and

                     (b)  confers on the ACMA a range of functions and powers that are to be used in a manner that, in the opinion of the ACMA, will:

                              (i)  produce regulatory arrangements that are stable and predictable; and

                             (ii)  deal effectively with breaches of the rules established by this Act.

             (2)  Where it is necessary for the ACMA to use any of the powers conferred on it by this Act to deal with a breach of this Act or the regulations, the Parliament intends that the ACMA use its powers, or a combination of its powers, in a manner that, in the opinion of the ACMA, is commensurate with the seriousness of the breach concerned.

             (3)  This section does not, by implication, limit the functions and powers of:

                     (b)  the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission; or

                     (c)  any other body or person who has regulatory responsibilities in relation to the internet industry.

             (4)  In this section:

commercial content service has the same meaning as in Schedule 7.

online content service has the same meaning as in Schedule 8.

6  Interpretation

             (1)  In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:

ACMA means the Australian Communications and Media Authority.

ACNC type of entity means an entity that meets the description of a type of entity in column 1 of the table in subsection 25‑5(5) of the Australian Charities and Not‑for‑profits Commission Act 2012.

amount paid on shares, in relation to a company, includes an amount treated by the company as having been so paid.

analog commercial radio broadcasting service means a commercial radio broadcasting service that is transmitted using an analog modulation technique.

analog community radio broadcasting service means a community radio broadcasting service that is transmitted using an analog modulation technique.

anti‑siphoning event means an event, or an event of a kind, that is specified in a notice under subsection 115(1). For this purpose, disregard subsections 115(1AA) and (1B).

associate, in relation to a person in relation to control of a licence or a newspaper, or control of a company in relation to a licence or a newspaper, means:

                     (a)  the person’s spouse or a parent, child, brother or sister of the person; or

                     (b)  a partner of the person or, if a partner of the person is a natural person, a spouse or a child of a partner of the person; or

                     (c)  if the person or another person who is an associate of the person under another paragraph receives benefits or is capable of benefiting under a trust—the trustee of the trust; or

                     (d)  a person (whether a company or not) who:

                              (i)  acts, or is accustomed to act; or

                             (ii)  under a contract or an arrangement or understanding (whether formal or informal) is intended or expected to act;

                            in accordance with the directions, instructions or wishes of, or in concert with, the first‑mentioned person or of the first‑mentioned person and another person who is an associate of the first‑mentioned person under another paragraph; or

                     (e)  if the person is a company—another company if:

                              (i)  the other company is a related body corporate of the person for the purposes of the Corporations Act 2001; or

                             (ii)  the person, or the person and another person who is an associate of the person under another paragraph, are in a position to exercise control of the other company;

but persons are not associates if the ACMA is satisfied that they do not act together in any relevant dealings relating to that company, licence or newspaper, and neither of them is in a position to exert influence over the business dealings of the other in relation to that company, licence or newspaper.

Note:          See also subsection (3).

associate member means an associate member of the ACMA.

authorised infringement notice officer means:

                     (a)  the Chair of the ACMA; or

                     (b)  a member of the staff of the ACMA appointed under section 205ZE.

broadcasting service means a service that delivers television programs or radio programs to persons having equipment appropriate for receiving that service, whether the delivery uses the radiofrequency spectrum, cable, optical fibre, satellite or any other means or a combination of those means, but does not include:

                     (a)  a service (including a teletext service) that provides no more than data, or no more than text (with or without associated still images); or

                     (b)  a service that makes programs available on demand on a point‑to‑point basis, including a dial‑up service; or

                     (c)  a service, or a class of services, that the Minister determines, under subsection (2), not to fall within this definition.

broadcasting services bands means:

                     (a)  that part of the radiofrequency spectrum that is designated under subsection 31(1) of the Radiocommunications Act 1992 as being primarily for broadcasting purposes; and

                     (b)  that part of the radiofrequency spectrum that is designated under subsection 31(1A) of the Radiocommunications Act 1992 as being partly for the purpose of digital radio broadcasting services.

broadcasting services bands licence means a commercial television broadcasting licence, a commercial radio broadcasting licence or a community broadcasting licence that uses the broadcasting services bands as a means of delivering broadcasting services.

census count means a census count of the Australian population published by the Australian Statistician.

CER Trade in Services Protocol:

                     (a)  means the Protocol on Trade in Services to the Australia New Zealand Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement (being that Protocol as in force from time to time); and

                     (b)  includes an instrument under that Protocol (being that instrument as in force from time to time).

Chair means the Chair of the ACMA.

child: without limiting who is a child of a person for the purposes of this Act, someone is the child of a person if he or she is a child of the person within the meaning of the Family Law Act 1975.

civil penalty order means an order under subsection 205F(1).

civil penalty provision means a provision declared by this Act to be a civil penalty provision.

class licence means a class licence determined by the ACMA under section 117.

commercial broadcasting service has the meaning given by section 14.

commercial radio broadcasting licence means a licence under Part 4 to provide:

                     (a)  in the case of a licence allocated under subsection 40(1)—a commercial radio broadcasting service; or

                     (b)  in any other case—the commercial radio broadcasting service or services that, under section 41D, are authorised by the licence.

commercial radio broadcasting service means a commercial broadcasting service that provides radio programs.

commercial television broadcasting licence means a licence under Part 4 to provide:

                    (aa)  in the case of a licence allocated under section 38C—the commercial television broadcasting services that, under section 41CA, are authorised by the licence; or

                     (a)  in the case of a licence allocated under subsection 40(1)—a commercial television broadcasting service; or

                     (b)  in any other case—the commercial television broadcasting services that, under section 41C, are authorised by the licence.

commercial television broadcasting service means a commercial broadcasting service that provides television programs.

Commissioner means the eSafety Commissioner.

community broadcasting licence means:

                     (a)  a community radio broadcasting licence; or

                     (b)  a community television broadcasting licence.

community broadcasting service has the meaning given by section 15.

community radio broadcasting licence means:

                     (a)  a licence under Part 6 to provide:

                              (i)  in the case of a licence allocated under subsection 82(1)—a community radio broadcasting service; or

                             (ii)  in the case of a designated community radio broadcasting licence—the community radio broadcasting service or services that, under section 85A, are authorised by the licence; or

                            (iii)  in any other case—a community radio broadcasting service; or

                     (b)  a licence under Part 6A to provide a community radio broadcasting service.

community radio broadcasting service means a community broadcasting service that provides radio programs.

community television broadcasting licence means a licence under Part 6 or 6A to provide a community broadcasting service that provides television programs.

company interests, in relation to a person who has a shareholding interest, a voting interest, a dividend interest or a winding‑up interest in a company, means the percentage of that interest or, if the person has 2 or more of those interests, whichever of those interests has the greater or greatest percentage.

conditional access scheme means a scheme that sets out rules relating to access to services provided under a commercial television broadcasting licence allocated under section 38C.

constitutional corporation means a corporation to which paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution applies.

control includes control as a result of, or by means of, trusts, agreements, arrangements, understandings and practices, whether or not having legal or equitable force and whether or not based on legal or equitable rights.

CTV licence means a community broadcasting licence under Part 6 to provide a service that provides television programs but is not targeted, to a significant extent, to one or more remote Indigenous communities.

datacasting licence means a licence under Schedule 6 to provide a datacasting service.

datacasting service means a service that delivers content:

                     (a)  whether in the form of text; or

                     (b)  whether in the form of data; or

                     (c)  whether in the form of speech, music or other sounds; or

                     (d)  whether in the form of visual images (animated or otherwise); or

                     (e)  whether in any other form; or

                      (f)  whether in any combination of forms;

to persons having equipment appropriate for receiving that content, where the delivery of the service uses the broadcasting services bands.

de facto partner of a person has the meaning given by the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

designated community radio broadcasting licence has the meaning given by section 8AA.

designated infringement notice provision means a provision declared by this Act to be a designated infringement notice provision.

digital commercial radio broadcasting service means a commercial radio broadcasting service that is transmitted using a digital modulation technique.

digital community radio broadcasting service means a community radio broadcasting service that is transmitted using a digital modulation technique.

digital national radio broadcasting service means a national radio broadcasting service that is transmitted using a digital modulation technique.

digital program enhancement content, in relation to a radio program, means content:

                     (a)  in the form of text; or

                     (b)  in the form of still visual images; or

                     (c)  if a form is specified in a legislative instrument made by the Minister—in that form; or

                     (d)  in any combination of the above forms;

where:

                     (e)  the content is transmitted using a digital modulation technique; and

                      (f)  both the content and the radio program are intended to be received by the same reception equipment; and

                     (g)  if:

                              (i)  the reception equipment is capable of receiving both the content and the radio program; and

                             (ii)  the reception equipment is set to receive the radio program;

                            the reception equipment will also receive the content.

digital radio multiplex transmitter licence has the same meaning as in the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

digital radio start‑up day for a licence area has the meaning given by section 8AC.

evidential burden, in relation to a matter, means the burden of adducing or pointing to evidence that suggests a reasonable possibility that the matter exists or does not exist.

Federal Circuit Court means the Federal Circuit Court of Australia.

Federal Court means the Federal Court of Australia.

foundation digital radio multiplex transmitter licence has the same meaning as in the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

gambling promotion program standard means a standard determined by the ACMA under section 125A.

infringement notice means an infringement notice under section 205Y.

interim tax means tax imposed by the Commercial Broadcasting (Tax) Act 2017.

international broadcasting guidelines means guidelines in force under section 121FP.

international broadcasting licence means a licence to provide an international broadcasting service.

international broadcasting service has the meaning given by section 18A.

legislature of a Territory means:

                     (a)  the Legislative Assembly for the Australian Capital Territory; or

                     (b)  the Legislative Assembly of the Northern Territory; or

                     (c)  such other Territory legislative bodies as are prescribed.

licence means a licence allocated by the ACMA under this Act (other than a class licence).

licence area means:

                     (a)  an area designated by the ACMA under section 29, 40 or 92G; or

                     (b)  an area specified in column 1 of the table in subsection 38C(1).

Note:          See also section 8AD, which deals with deemed radio broadcasting licence areas.

licence area plan means a licence area plan prepared under subsection 26(1) or (1B).

licence area population, in relation to a licence area, means the population of the licence area determined under section 30.

line has the same meaning as in the Telecommunications Act 1997.

local content exemption period has the meaning given by section 8AE.

member means a member of the ACMA.

Minister for Foreign Affairs means the Minister administering the Diplomatic Privileges and Immunities Act 1967.

multiplex capacity has the same meaning as in Division 4B of Part 3.3 of the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

national broadcaster means the provider of a national broadcasting service referred to in paragraph 13(1)(a) or (b).

national broadcasting service has the meaning given by section 13.

national radio broadcasting service means a national broadcasting service that provides radio programs.

near relative, in relation to a person, means:

                     (a)  a parent, step‑parent, child, stepchild, grandparent, grandchild, brother or sister of the person; or

                     (b)  the spouse of the first‑mentioned person.

newspaper means a newspaper that is in the English language and is published on at least 4 days in each week, but does not include a publication if less than 50% of its circulation is by way of sale.

offence against this Act includes an offence against section 136.1 or 137.1 of the Criminal Code that relates to this Act.

open narrowcasting radio service means an open narrowcasting service that provides radio programs.

open narrowcasting service has the meaning given by section 18.

open narrowcasting television service means an open narrowcasting service that provides television programs.

overlap area, in relation to a licence area part of which is within another licence area, means the area of overlap between the 2 licence areas.

parent: without limiting who is a parent of a person for the purposes of this Act, someone is the parent of a person if the person is his or her child because of the definition of child in this section.

Parliament means:

                     (a)  the Parliament of the Commonwealth; or

                     (b)  a State Parliament; or

                     (c)  the legislature of a Territory.

political party means an organisation whose objects or activities include the promotion of the election of candidates endorsed by it to a Parliament.

population of Australia means the Australian population determined by the ACMA under section 30.

primary commercial television broadcasting service, in relation to a commercial television broadcasting licence, has the same meaning as in Schedule 4.

program, in relation to a broadcasting service, means:

                     (a)  matter the primary purpose of which is to entertain, to educate or to inform an audience; or

                     (b)  advertising or sponsorship matter, whether or not of a commercial kind.

program standards means standards determined by the ACMA relating to the content or delivery of programs, and includes a gambling promotion program standard.

radio program has a meaning affected by section 8AB.

reception certificate means a reception certificate issued under a conditional access scheme registered under Part 9C.

regional commercial radio broadcasting licence means a commercial radio broadcasting licence the licence area of which is neither:

                     (a)  a licence area in which is situated the General Post Office of the capital city of any of the following States:

                              (i)  New South Wales;

                             (ii)  Victoria;

                            (iii)  Queensland;

                            (iv)  Western Australia;

                             (v)  South Australia; nor

                     (b)  the licence area known as Western Suburbs Sydney RA1.

regional racing service radio licence has the meaning given by section 8AF.

registered code of practice means a code of practice registered under:

                     (a)  section 123; or

                     (b)  clause 62 of Schedule 5; or

                     (c)  clause 28 of Schedule 6; or

                     (d)  clause 85 of Schedule 7.

remote area service radio licence means a regional commercial radio broadcasting licence the licence area of which is:

                     (a)  Remote Commercial Radio Service Central Zone RA1; or

                     (b)  Remote Commercial Radio Service North East Zone RA1; or

                     (c)  Remote Commercial Radio Service Western Zone RA1.

remote Indigenous community has the meaning given by section 8B.

satellite subscription television broadcasting licence means a licence under Part 7 to provide a subscription television broadcasting service with the use of a subscription television satellite.

scheme administrator:

                     (a)  in relation to a conditional access scheme for the South Eastern Australia TV3 licence area or the Northern Australia TV3 licence area—has the meaning given by subsection 130ZB(8); or

                     (b)  in relation to a conditional access scheme for the Western Australia TV3 licence area—has the meaning given by subsection 130ZBB(9).

shares, in relation to a company, means shares in, or stock forming part of, the capital of the company.

spouse of a person includes a de facto partner of the person.

stepchild: without limiting who is a stepchild of a person for the purposes of this Act, someone who is a child of a de facto partner of the person is the stepchild of the person if he or she would be the person’s stepchild except that the person is not legally married to the partner.

step‑parent: without limiting who is a step‑parent of a person for the purposes of this Act, someone who is a de facto partner of a parent of the person is the step‑parent of the person if he or she would be the person’s step‑parent except that he or she is not legally married to the person’s parent.

subscription broadcasting service has the meaning given by section 16.

subscription fee includes any form of consideration.

subscription narrowcasting service has the meaning given by section 17.

subscription radio broadcasting service means a subscription broadcasting service that provides radio programs.

subscription radio narrowcasting service means a subscription narrowcasting service that provides radio programs.

subscription television broadcasting licence means a licence under Part 7 to provide one or more subscription television broadcasting services.

subscription television broadcasting service means a subscription broadcasting service that provides television programs.

subscription television narrowcasting service means a subscription narrowcasting service that provides television programs.

subscription television satellite means a satellite that was, at any time before 1 July 1997, operated under the general telecommunications licence that was granted to AUSSAT Pty Ltd and notified on 26 November 1991 in Gazette No. S323.

telecommunications carrier means a carrier (within the meaning of the Telecommunications Act 1997).

television licence area plan means a licence area plan prepared under subsection 26(1B).

temporary community broadcasting licence means a community broadcasting licence that:

                     (a)  is a broadcasting services bands licence; and

                     (b)  is allocated under Part 6A.

transaction includes:

                     (a)  arrangements under which a person becomes a director of a company; and

                     (b)  the acquisition of things by gift or inheritance.

transmitter licence has the same meaning as in the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

             (2)  For the purposes of paragraph (c) of the definition of broadcasting service in subsection (1), the Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine that a service, or a class of services, does not fall within that definition.

             (3)  For the purposes of paragraph (a) of the definition of associate in subsection (1) and the definition of near relative in subsection (1), if one person is the child of another person because of the definition of child in this section, relationships traced to or through the person are to be determined on the basis that the person is the child of the other person.

7  Interpretation—meaning of control

                   Schedule 1 sets out mechanisms that are to be used in:

                     (a)  deciding whether a person is in a position to exercise control of a licence, a company or a newspaper for the purposes of this Act; and

                     (b)  tracing company interests of persons.

8  Interpretation—shareholding interests, voting interests, dividend interests and winding‑up interests

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act:

                     (a)  a person has a shareholding interest in a company if the person is beneficially entitled to, or to an interest in, shares in the company, whether or not any part of the legal ownership of the shares is vested in the person; and

                     (b)  the percentage of the interest is the value of the shares, or of the interest in the shares, as the case may be, on the basis that the value of the shares is equal to the amount paid on the shares, expressed as a percentage of the total of all amounts paid on shares in the company.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act:

                     (a)  a person has a voting interest in a company if the person is in a position to exercise control of votes cast on a poll at a meeting of the company; and

                     (b)  the percentage of the interest is the greatest percentage of the number of votes, expressed as a percentage of the total number of votes that could be cast on any issue at a meeting of the company, the casting of which the person is in a position to control.

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act:

                     (a)  a person has a dividend interest in a company if:

                              (i)  the person is, or would become if a dividend were declared, beneficially entitled to be paid or credited a dividend by the company; or

                             (ii)  under the memorandum and articles of association of the company, a share of any profits of the company is to be, or may be, paid or credited to the person otherwise than as dividends on shares; and

                     (b)  the percentage of the interest is:

                              (i)  if subparagraph (a)(i) applies—the amount of the dividend to which the person is beneficially entitled or will become beneficially entitled expressed as a percentage of the total of all dividends to which members of the company become entitled at that time; or

                             (ii)  if subparagraph (a)(ii) applies—the amount of the maximum share of any profits of the company that could be paid or credited to the person at a particular time expressed as a percentage of the total of all shares of profits that could be paid or credited to all members of the company at that time.

             (4)  For the purposes of this Act:

                     (a)  a person has a winding‑up interest in a company if the person would be entitled to a share of the property of the company that could be distributed among members of the company if property of the company were distributed among members, whether as a result of a winding‑up or otherwise; and

                     (b)  the percentage of the interest is the percentage that the value of that part of the property of the company to which the person would be so entitled bears to the total value of the property of the company.

             (5)  A person may have a voting interest, a dividend interest or a winding‑up interest in a company even if the person does not have a beneficial entitlement to, or to an interest in, shares in the company.

8A  Captioning taken to be part of program

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, if a television program is captioned for the deaf and hearing impaired, the captioning is taken to be part of the program.

             (2)  Subsection (1) is enacted for the avoidance of doubt.

8AA  Designated community radio broadcasting licence

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a community radio broadcasting licence is a designated community radio broadcasting licence if:

                     (a)  the community radio broadcasting licence was allocated under Part 6 (other than under subsection 82(1)); and

                     (b)  the licence area of the community radio broadcasting licence is the same as the licence area of a commercial radio broadcasting licence; and

                     (c)  the community radio broadcasting service or services provided under the community radio broadcasting licence satisfy such conditions (if any) as are set out in a legislative instrument made by the ACMA.

Note:          See also section 8AD, which deals with deemed radio broadcasting licence areas.

             (2)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, give the ACMA a direction about the exercise of the power conferred by paragraph (1)(c).

             (3)  The ACMA must comply with a direction under subsection (2).

8AB  Digital program enhancement content taken to be a radio program

Commercial radio broadcasting services

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act and any other law of the Commonwealth, if a commercial radio broadcasting licensee provides:

                     (a)  a digital commercial radio broadcasting service; and

                     (b)  digital program enhancement content in relation to a radio program delivered by that service;

the digital program enhancement content is taken to be a radio program delivered by that service.

Community radio broadcasting services

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act and any other law of the Commonwealth, if a designated community radio broadcasting licensee provides:

                     (a)  a digital community radio broadcasting service; and

                     (b)  digital program enhancement content in relation to a radio program delivered by that service;

the digital program enhancement content is taken to be a radio program delivered by that service.

National radio broadcasting services

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act and any other law of the Commonwealth, if a national broadcaster provides:

                     (a)  a digital national radio broadcasting service; and

                     (b)  digital program enhancement content in relation to a radio program delivered by that service;

the digital program enhancement content is taken to be a radio program delivered by that service.

8AC  Digital radio start‑up day

             (1)  If the ACMA is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the ACMA has taken sufficient action under:

                              (i)  Part 3 of this Act; and

                             (ii)  Part 2.3 of the Radiocommunications Act 1992;

                            to facilitate the provision of the following services in a licence area:

                            (iii)  digital commercial radio broadcasting services;

                            (iv)  digital community radio broadcasting services;

                             (v)  digital national radio broadcasting services; and

                     (b)  one or more foundation digital radio multiplex transmitter licences have been issued for the licence area; and

                     (c)  the multiplex capacity, or the combined multiplex capacities, of those licences are sufficient to fulfil the standard access entitlements that are likely to come into existence under subsection 118NQ(2) of the Radiocommunications Act 1992 in its application to the licence area; and

                     (d)  an access undertaking under Division 4B of Part 3.3 of the Radiocommunications Act 1992 is in force for the licence or licences referred to in paragraph (b);

the ACMA may, by writing, declare a specified day to be the digital radio start‑up day for the licence area.

             (2)  A day specified in a declaration under subsection (1) must not be earlier than the day on which the declaration is made.

             (4)  A copy of a declaration under subsection (1) must be made available on the ACMA’s website.

             (5)  A declaration under subsection (1) is not a legislative instrument.

Definitions

             (8)  In this section:

licence area means:

                     (a)  the licence area of a commercial radio broadcasting licence; or

                     (b)  the licence area of a community radio broadcasting licence, where that licence area is the same as the licence area of a commercial radio broadcasting licence.

Note:          See also section 8AD, which deals with deemed radio broadcasting licence areas.

8AD  Deemed radio broadcasting licence areas

Western Suburbs Sydney RA1

             (1)  For the purposes of:

                     (a)  section 8AC of this Act; and

                     (b)  the definition of designated BSA radio area in section 5 of the Radiocommunications Act 1992; and

                     (c)  the application of:

                              (i)  any other provision of this Act; or

                             (ii)  any other provision of the Radiocommunications Act 1992; or

                            (iii)  any other law of the Commonwealth;

                            to digital commercial radio broadcasting services;

the licence area known as Western Suburbs Sydney RA1 is taken to be the same as the commercial radio broadcasting licence area in which is situated the General Post Office of Sydney.

Hobart RA2 and Hobart RA4

             (2)  For the purposes of:

                     (a)  sections 8AA and 8AC of this Act; and

                     (b)  the definition of designated BSA radio area in section 5 of the Radiocommunications Act 1992; and

                     (c)  paragraph 9C(1)(i) and subparagraph 9C(1)(j)(ii) of the Radiocommunications Act 1992; and

                     (d)  the application of:

                              (i)  any other provision of this Act; or

                             (ii)  any other provision of the Radiocommunications Act 1992; or

                            (iii)  any other law of the Commonwealth;

                            to digital community radio broadcasting services;

the licence areas known as Hobart RA2 and Hobart RA4 are taken to be the same as the commercial radio broadcasting licence area in which is situated the General Post Office of Hobart.

Other licence areas

             (3)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, determine that, for the purposes of:

                     (a)  sections 8AA and 8AC of this Act; and

                     (b)  the definition of designated BSA radio area in section 5 of the Radiocommunications Act 1992; and

                     (c)  paragraph 9C(1)(i) and subparagraph 9C(1)(j)(ii) of the Radiocommunications Act 1992; and

                     (d)  the application of:

                              (i)  any other provision of this Act; or

                             (ii)  any other provision of the Radiocommunications Act 1992; or

                            (iii)  any other law of the Commonwealth;

                            to digital community radio broadcasting services;

a specified licence area of a community radio broadcasting licence is taken to be the same as a specified licence area of a commercial radio broadcasting licence.

             (4)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, give the ACMA a direction about the exercise of the power conferred by subsection (3).

             (5)  The ACMA must comply with a direction under subsection (4).

8AE  Local content exemption period—regional commercial radio broadcasting licensee

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a local content exemption period, for the licensee of a regional commercial radio broadcasting licence, is:

                     (a)  if:

                              (i)  the ACMA, by legislative instrument, specifies a period in relation to one or more specified regional commercial radio broadcasting licensees; and

                             (ii)  the period does not exceed 5 weeks; and

                            (iii)  the licensees specified in the instrument consist of or include the licensee;

                            that period; or

                     (b)  if:

                              (i)  paragraph (a) does not apply; and

                             (ii)  the ACMA, by legislative instrument, specifies 2 periods in relation to one or more specified regional commercial radio broadcasting licensees; and

                            (iii)  the periods, in aggregate, do not exceed 5 weeks; and

                            (iv)  the licensees specified in the instrument consist of or include the licensee;

                            each of those periods; or

                     (c)  if:

                              (i)  neither paragraph (a) nor (b) applies; and

                             (ii)  the ACMA, by legislative instrument, specifies a period; and

                            (iii)  the period does not exceed 5 weeks;

                            that period; or

                     (d)  if:

                              (i)  none of paragraphs (a), (b) or (c) apply; and

                             (ii)  the ACMA, by legislative instrument, specifies 2 periods; and

                            (iii)  the periods, in aggregate, do not exceed 5 weeks;

                            each of those periods; or

                     (e)  if:

                              (i)  none of paragraphs (a), (b), (c) or (d) apply; and

                             (ii)  the licensee, by written notice given to the ACMA, specifies a period; and

                            (iii)  the period does not exceed 5 weeks;

                            that period; or

                      (f)  if:

                              (i)  none of paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (d) or (e) apply; and

                             (ii)  the licensee, by written notice given to the ACMA, specifies 2 periods; and

                            (iii)  the periods, in aggregate, do not exceed 5 weeks;

                            each of those periods; or

                     (g)  if none of paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (d), (e) or (f) apply—the 5‑week period beginning on the second Sunday in December each financial year.

             (2)  A period specified under subsection (1) may be:

                     (a)  a period that occurs only once; or

                     (b)  a recurring period.

Notice given to the ACMA—requirements

             (3)  A notice under paragraph (1)(e) or (f) must be given to the ACMA at least 21 days before the earlier of:

                     (a)  the start of the next local content exemption period that, disregarding the notice, would be applicable to the licensee giving the notice; and

                     (b)  whichever of the following times is applicable:

                              (i)  in the case of a notice under paragraph (1)(e)—the start of the period specified in the notice;

                             (ii)  in the case of a notice under paragraph (1)(f)—the start of the earlier of the periods specified in the notice.

             (4)  A regional commercial radio broadcasting licensee may only give the ACMA one notice under subsection (1) each financial year.

             (5)  A notice given to the ACMA under subsection (1) cannot be varied.

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  a regional commercial radio broadcasting licensee gives the ACMA a notice under subsection (1) (the earlier notice) in a financial year; and

                     (b)  the licensee gives the ACMA another notice under subsection (1) (the later notice) in a later financial year; and

                     (c)  the later notice is expressed to replace the earlier notice;

the earlier notice is taken to cease to be in force when the later notice is given.

             (7)  If a notice given to the ACMA under subsection (1) (the original notice) by a regional commercial radio broadcasting licensee is in force, the licensee may, by written notice to the ACMA, revoke the original notice, so long as the notice of revocation is not given during a period specified in the original notice.

             (8)  If a regional commercial radio broadcasting licensee gives the ACMA a notice under subsection (1), the licensee must publish the notice on its website.

             (9)  If:

                     (a)  a regional commercial radio broadcasting licensee gives the ACMA a revocation notice under subsection (7); and

                     (b)  the revocation results in paragraph (1)(g) applying to the licensee;

the licensee must publish the revocation notice on its website.

8AF  Regional racing service radio licence

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a regional racing service radio licence is a regional commercial radio broadcasting licence, where the following conditions are satisfied in relation to a broadcasting service provided under the licence:

                     (a)  the broadcasting service is promoted, on the broadcasting service:

                              (i)  as a broadcasting service of interest mainly to persons involved in horse racing, harness racing or greyhound racing; or

                             (ii)  using the phrase “racing radio service”;

                     (b)  the racing content percentage, in relation to the broadcasting service, is 60% or more for each day, other than Christmas Day and Good Friday;

                     (c)  if, on a particular day, content other than racing content is broadcast on the broadcasting service—a significant proportion of that content is:

                              (i)  relevant to horse racing, harness racing or greyhound racing; or

                             (ii)  of interest mainly to persons involved in horse racing, harness racing or greyhound racing.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, racing content percentage means the percentage worked out using the following formula:

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, racing content means content that consists of:

                     (a)  coverage of a horse race, a harness race or a greyhound race; or

                     (b)  information directly related to horse racing, harness racing or greyhound racing, including:

                              (i)  selections; and

                             (ii)  scratchings; and

                            (iii)  betting information; and

                            (iv)  track conditions; or

                     (c)  other material that is broadcast during an hour, so long as that material:

                              (i)  is broadcast between 2 races of a kind referred to in paragraph (a); and

                             (ii)  is not broadcast for more than 15 minutes of the hour.

8B  Remote Indigenous community

                   An Indigenous community is a remote Indigenous community for the purposes of this Act if the ACMA so determines by legislative instrument.

9  Act to bind the Crown

                   This Act binds the Crown in right of the Commonwealth, of each of the States, of the Australian Capital Territory and of the Northern Territory, but nothing in this Act renders the Crown liable to be prosecuted for an offence.

10  Extension of Act to the external Territories

                   This Act extends to all the external Territories.

10A  Application of the Criminal Code

             (1)  Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code applies to all offences against this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

             (2)  Despite subsection (1), Part 2.5 of the Criminal Code does not apply to an offence against Schedule 5 to this Act.

Part 2Categories of broadcasting services

  

11  Categories of broadcasting services

                   The following categories of broadcasting services are broadcasting services to which this Act relates:

                     (a)  national broadcasting services;

                     (b)  commercial broadcasting services;

                     (c)  community broadcasting services;

                     (d)  subscription broadcasting services;

                     (e)  subscription narrowcasting services;

                      (f)  open narrowcasting services;

                    (fa)  international broadcasting services.

11A  Dual categorisation of international broadcasting services

                   An international broadcasting service may also fall into another category of broadcasting services.

12  Method of regulating particular services

             (1)  Commercial broadcasting services, community broadcasting services, subscription television broadcasting services and international broadcasting services require individual licences.

             (2)  Other broadcasting services (other than national broadcasting services) are to be provided under the relevant class licence.

Dual categorisation of international broadcasting services

             (3)  An international broadcasting service that also falls into the category of commercial broadcasting services requires both:

                     (a)  an international broadcasting licence; and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  a commercial radio broadcasting licence; or

                             (ii)  a commercial television broadcasting licence.

             (4)  An international broadcasting service that also falls into the category of community broadcasting services requires both:

                     (a)  an international broadcasting licence; and

                     (b)  a community broadcasting licence.

             (5)  An international broadcasting service that also falls into the category of subscription television broadcasting services requires both:

                     (a)  an international broadcasting licence; and

                     (b)  a subscription television broadcasting licence.

             (6)  Both of the following rules apply to an international broadcasting service that also falls into a category of broadcasting services covered by subsection (2):

                     (a)  the service requires an international broadcasting licence;

                     (b)  the service is to be provided under the relevant class licence.

13  National broadcasting services

             (1)  National broadcasting services are:

                     (a)  broadcasting services provided by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation in accordance with section 6 of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation Act 1983; or

                     (b)  broadcasting services provided by the Special Broadcasting Service Corporation in accordance with section 6 of the Special Broadcasting Service Act 1991; or

                     (c)  broadcasting services provided under the Parliamentary Proceedings Broadcasting Act 1946.

             (2)  National broadcasting services do not include subscription broadcasting services or subscription or open narrowcasting services provided by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation or the Special Broadcasting Service Corporation.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not apply to services specified by the Minister under subsection (4).

             (4)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify services for the purposes of subsection (3).

             (5)  Except as expressly provided by this Act, the regulatory regime established by this Act does not apply to national broadcasting services.

14  Commercial broadcasting services

             (1)  Commercial broadcasting services are broadcasting services:

                     (a)  that provide programs that, when considered in the context of the service being provided, appear to be intended to appeal to the general public; and

                     (b)  that provide programs that:

                              (i)  are able to be received by commonly available equipment; and

                             (ii)  are made available free to the general public; and

                     (c)  that are usually funded by advertising revenue; and

                     (d)  that are operated for profit or as part of a profit‑making enterprise; and

                     (e)  that comply with any determinations or clarifications under section 19 in relation to commercial broadcasting services.

             (2)  For the purposes of the application of subsection (1) to a broadcasting service provided under a licence allocated under section 38C, assume that there is no conditional access system that relates to the broadcasting service.

15  Community broadcasting services

                   Community broadcasting services are broadcasting services that:

                     (a)  are provided for community purposes; and

                     (b)  are not operated for profit or as part of a profit‑making enterprise; and

                     (c)  that provide programs that:

                              (i)  are able to be received by commonly available equipment; and

                             (ii)  are made available free to the general public; and

                     (d)  comply with any determinations or clarifications under section 19 in relation to community broadcasting services.

16  Subscription broadcasting services

                   Subscription broadcasting services are broadcasting services that:

                     (a)  provide programs that, when considered in the context of the service being provided, appear to be intended to appeal to the general public; and

                     (b)  are made available to the general public but only on payment of subscription fees (whether periodical or otherwise); and

                     (c)  comply with any determinations or clarifications under section 19 in relation to subscription broadcasting services.

17  Subscription narrowcasting services

                   Subscription narrowcasting services are broadcasting services:

                     (a)  whose reception is limited:

                              (i)  by being targeted to special interest groups; or

                             (ii)  by being intended only for limited locations, for example, arenas or business premises; or

                            (iii)  by being provided during a limited period or to cover a special event; or

                            (iv)  because they provide programs of limited appeal; or

                             (v)  for some other reason; and

                     (b)  that are made available only on payment of subscription fees (whether periodical or otherwise); and

                     (c)  that comply with any determinations or clarifications under section 19 in relation to subscription narrowcasting services.

18  Open narrowcasting services

             (1)  Open narrowcasting services are broadcasting services:

                     (a)  whose reception is limited:

                              (i)  by being targeted to special interest groups; or

                             (ii)  by being intended only for limited locations, for example, arenas or business premises; or

                            (iii)  by being provided during a limited period or to cover a special event; or

                            (iv)  because they provide programs of limited appeal; or

                             (v)  for some other reason; and

                     (b)  that comply with any determinations or clarifications under section 19 in relation to open narrowcasting services.

          (1A)  A HDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service (within the meaning of Schedule 4) is not an open narrowcasting service.

       (1AA)  A SDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service (within the meaning of Schedule 4) is not an open narrowcasting service.

          (1B)  A HDTV multi‑channelled national television broadcasting service (within the meaning of Schedule 4) is not an open narrowcasting service.

             (2)  A SDTV multi‑channelled national television broadcasting service (within the meaning of Schedule 4) is not an open narrowcasting service.

             (3)  A digital commercial radio broadcasting service is not an open narrowcasting service.

             (4)  A digital community radio broadcasting service is not an open narrowcasting service.

             (5)  A digital national radio broadcasting service is not an open narrowcasting service.

18A  International broadcasting services

             (1)  International broadcasting services are broadcasting services that are targeted, to a significant extent, to audiences outside Australia, where:

                     (a)  the means of delivering the services involves the use of a radiocommunications transmitter in Australia (whether alone or in combination with any other means); and

                     (b)  the services comply with any determinations or clarifications under section 19 in relation to international broadcasting services.

             (2)  A broadcasting service is not an international broadcasting service if the broadcasting service is:

                     (a)  provided by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation in accordance with section 6 of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation Act 1983; or

                     (b)  provided by the Special Broadcasting Service Corporation in accordance with section 6 of the Special Broadcasting Service Act 1991; or

                     (c)  an exempt broadcasting service (as defined by subsection (3)).

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, a broadcasting service is an exempt broadcasting service if:

                     (a)  the service delivers only programs packaged outside Australia (which may include programs produced in Australia); and

                     (b)  all relevant programming decisions are made outside Australia; and

                     (c)  the service is transmitted from a place outside Australia to an earth station in Australia for the sole purpose of being immediately re‑transmitted to a satellite; and

                     (d)  the satellite is a means of delivering the service (whether alone or in combination with any other means).

             (4)  The references in this section to localities do not, by implication, affect the application of paragraph 21(1)(b) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 and section 10 of this Act to a provision of this Act that deals with a category of broadcasting services other than international broadcasting services.

             (5)  In this section:

Australia includes the external Territories.

radiocommunications transmitter has the same meaning as in the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

19  ACMA may determine additional criteria or clarify existing criteria

             (1)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument:

                     (a)  determine additional criteria to those specified in sections 14 to 18A; or

                     (b)  clarify the criteria specified in sections 14 to 18A;

for the purpose of distinguishing between categories of broadcasting services.

             (2)  Different criteria or clarifications may be determined or made for radio services and television services.

             (3)  The Minister may give specific directions to the ACMA as to the making of determinations and clarifications, and the ACMA must observe those directions.

21  Requests to ACMA to decide which category a broadcasting service falls into

             (1)  A person who is providing, or who proposes to provide, a broadcasting service may apply to the ACMA for an opinion as to which category, or categories, of broadcasting services the service falls into.

             (2)  An application must be in accordance with a form approved in writing by the ACMA, and must state the applicant’s opinion as to which category, or categories, of broadcasting services the service falls into.

             (3)  If the ACMA considers that additional information is required before an opinion can be given, the ACMA may, by notice in writing given to the applicant within 30 days after receiving the application, request the applicant to provide that information.

             (4)  The ACMA must, as soon as practicable after:

                     (a)  receiving the application; or

                     (b)  if the ACMA has requested further information—receiving that further information;

give the applicant, in writing, its opinion as to which category, or categories, of broadcasting services the service falls into.

             (5)  If the ACMA has given an opinion under this section to the provider of a broadcasting service, neither the ACMA nor any other Government agency may, while the circumstances relating to the broadcasting service remain substantially the same as those advised to the ACMA in relation to the application for the opinion:

                     (a)  take any action against the provider of the service during the period of 5 years commencing on the day on which the opinion is given on the basis that the service falls into a different category, or different categories, of broadcasting services than that advised in the opinion; or

                     (b)  unless the ACMA has made a determination or clarification under section 19 after that opinion was given that places the broadcasting service in a different category or different categories—take any action against the provider of the service after the end of that period on the basis that the service falls into a different category, or different categories, of broadcasting services.

             (6)  If the ACMA does not, within 45 days after:

                     (a)  receiving the application; or

                     (b)  if the ACMA has requested further information—receiving that further information;

give the applicant, in writing, its opinion as to which category, or categories, of broadcasting services the service falls into, the ACMA is taken to have given an opinion at the end of that period that accords with the applicant’s opinion.

             (7)  The ACMA may charge a fee for providing an opinion under this section.

             (8)  The ACMA must not give an opinion under this section that a particular broadcasting service falls into more than one category of broadcasting services unless one of the categories is international broadcasting services.

             (9)  A person must not, in an application under this section, state an opinion that a particular broadcasting service falls into more than one category of broadcasting services unless one of the categories is international broadcasting services.

22  Matters to be considered by ACMA

                   In making determinations or clarifications under section 19 in relation to broadcasting services, and in giving opinions under section 21 in relation to broadcasting services, the ACMA is to have regard to:

                     (a)  the geographic coverage of those services; and

                     (b)  the number of persons who receive or are able to receive those services; and

                     (c)  the accessibility of those services, including:

                              (i)  whether those services are encrypted; and

                             (ii)  whether their availability is otherwise restricted, whether because of the high cost of the equipment required to receive those services, the controlled supply of that equipment or otherwise; and

                            (iii)  whether their comprehensibility is otherwise restricted; and

                     (d)  the duration and frequency of the provision of those services, including whether those services are provided for a set period only; and

                     (e)  the nature of the audience to which those services are targeted; and

                      (f)  the nature of the programs being provided by those services, including:

                              (i)  the level of interest in the subject matter of those programs; and

                             (ii)  whether those programs are directed at a specialised audience; and

                            (iii)  the social and cultural impact of those programs; and

                     (g)  such other matters as the ACMA thinks fit.

Part 3Planning of the broadcasting services bands

  

23  Planning criteria

                   In performing functions under this Part, the ACMA is to promote the objects of this Act including the economic and efficient use of the radiofrequency spectrum, and is to have regard to:

                     (a)  demographics; and

                     (b)  social and economic characteristics within the licence area, within neighbouring licence areas and within Australia generally; and

                     (c)  the number of existing broadcasting services and the demand for new broadcasting services within the licence area, within neighbouring licence areas and within Australia generally; and

                     (d)  developments in technology; and

                     (e)  technical restraints relating to the delivery or reception of broadcasting services; and

                      (f)  the demand for radiofrequency spectrum for services other than broadcasting services; and

                     (g)  such other matters as the ACMA considers relevant.

26  Preparation of licence area plans

             (1)  The ACMA must, by legislative instrument, prepare licence area plans that determine the number and characteristics, including technical specifications, of broadcasting services that are to be available in particular areas of Australia with the use of the broadcasting services bands.

          (1A)  To the extent to which a licence area plan prepared under subsection (1) deals with:

                     (a)  digital commercial radio broadcasting services; or

                     (b)  digital community radio broadcasting services; or

                     (c)  digital national radio broadcasting services;

the licence area plan is not required to determine the technical specifications of those services.

Television licence area plans

          (1B)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, prepare licence area plans that:

                     (a)  specify the channels that are to be available in particular areas of Australia to provide the following services:

                              (i)  commercial television broadcasting services;

                             (ii)  national television broadcasting services;

                            (iii)  other television broadcasting services;

                            with the use of the broadcasting services bands; and

                     (b)  allot, or empower the ACMA to allot, those channels to:

                              (i)  particular commercial television broadcasting licensees; or

                             (ii)  particular national broadcasters; or

                            (iii)  particular providers of television broadcasting services (other than commercial television broadcasting licensees or national broadcasters);

                            as the case requires; and

                     (c)  determine the characteristics, including technical specifications, of the transmission of each of the following services:

                              (i)  commercial television broadcasting services;

                             (ii)  national television broadcasting services;

                            (iii)  other television broadcasting services;

                            using those channels; and

                     (d)  determine, or empower the ACMA to determine, any technical limitations on the use of a particular channel that the ACMA considers should be applicable; and

                     (e)  determine, or empower the ACMA to determine, whether the use of a particular channel depends on any event or circumstances that the ACMA considers should be applicable.

          (1C)  A licence area plan prepared under subsection (1B) is to be known as a television licence area plan.

          (1D)  A television licence area plan may allot, or empower the ACMA to allot, different channels to:

                     (a)  a particular commercial television broadcasting licensee; or

                     (b)  a particular national broadcaster; or

                     (c)  a particular provider of a television broadcasting service (other than a commercial television broadcasting licensee or a national broadcaster);

for different periods.

          (1E)  A television licence area plan may allot, or empower the ACMA to allot, 2 or more channels to:

                     (a)  a particular commercial television broadcasting licensee; or

                     (b)  a particular national broadcaster; or

                     (c)  a particular provider of a television broadcasting service (other than a commercial television broadcasting licensee or a national broadcaster).

          (1G)  A television licence area plan does not need to identify a particular television broadcasting service by name.

         (1M)  Section 23 has effect as if a function or power conferred on the ACMA by a television licence area plan were a function conferred on the ACMA by this section.

Variation

             (2)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, vary a licence area plan.

Ministerial direction

             (8)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, direct the ACMA about the exercise of its powers to make or vary a licence area plan for a particular area.

             (9)  The ACMA must comply with a direction under subsection (8).

Legislative instruments

           (11)  If a determination made by the ACMA under a television licence area plan is in writing, the determination is not a legislative instrument.

Definitions

           (13)  In this section:

national television broadcasting service has the same meaning as in Schedule 4.

television broadcasting service means a broadcasting service that provides television programs.

Note:          For designation of licence areas, see section 29.

26AA  Compliance with television licence area plan

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a television licence area plan is applicable to the transmission of one or more commercial television broadcasting services in a particular area; and

                     (b)  those services are provided under a particular commercial television broadcasting licence;

the licensee must not transmit any of those commercial television broadcasting services in that area otherwise than in accordance with the television licence area plan.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a television licence area plan is applicable to the transmission of one or more national television broadcasting services in a particular area; and

                     (b)  those services are provided by a particular national broadcaster;

the national broadcaster must not transmit any of those national television broadcasting services in that area otherwise than in accordance with the television licence area plan.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a television licence area plan is applicable to the transmission of one or more television broadcasting services in a particular area; and

                     (b)  those services are not provided:

                              (i)  under a commercial television broadcasting licence; or

                             (ii)  by a national broadcaster;

the provider of those television broadcasting services must not transmit any of those services in that area otherwise than in accordance with the television licence area plan.

             (4)  In this section:

national television broadcasting service has the same meaning as in Schedule 4.

television broadcasting service means a broadcasting service that provides television programs.

26C  Licence area plans not required to deal with certain digital radio broadcasting services

Commercial radio broadcasting services

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a commercial radio broadcasting licence was in force immediately before the digital radio start‑up day for the licence area; and

                     (b)  the licence authorises the licensee to provide digital commercial radio broadcasting services in the licence area;

the relevant licence area plan is not required to deal with those services.

Community radio broadcasting services

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a designated community radio broadcasting licence was in force immediately before the digital radio start‑up day for the licence; and

                     (b)  the licence authorises the licensee to provide digital community radio broadcasting services in the licence area;

the relevant licence area plan is not required to deal with those services.

26D  Licence area plans—how digital radio broadcasting services may be dealt with

             (1)  This section applies if a licence area plan deals with:

                     (a)  digital commercial radio broadcasting services; or

                     (b)  digital community radio broadcasting services; or

                     (c)  digital national radio broadcasting services.

             (2)  The licence area plan is not required to identify:

                     (a)  individual digital commercial radio broadcasting services; or

                     (b)  individual digital community radio broadcasting services; or

                     (c)  individual digital national radio broadcasting services.

             (3)  It is sufficient if the licence area plan deals collectively with:

                     (a)  the digital commercial radio broadcasting services; and

                     (b)  the digital community radio broadcasting services; and

                     (c)  the digital national radio broadcasting services;

that, from time to time, are, or are to be, transmitted under the digital radio multiplex transmitter licence or licences issued, or to be issued, in relation to the area concerned.

29  Designation of licence areas

             (1)  Before allocating a new commercial television broadcasting licence, commercial radio broadcasting licence or community broadcasting licence (other than a temporary community broadcasting licence) that is a broadcasting services bands licence, the ACMA is to designate one of the areas referred to in whichever of subsection 26(1) or (1B) is applicable as the licence area of the licence.

             (2)  If the ACMA varies a licence area plan, the ACMA may vary the designation of the relevant licence areas.

             (3)  This section does not apply to a licence allocated under section 38C.

30  ACMA may determine population figures

             (1)  The ACMA may, by notice in writing, determine the licence area population of a licence area.

             (2)  The ACMA may, by notice in writing, determine a number that is to be the population of Australia for the purposes of this Act.

             (3)  In making a determination, the ACMA is to have regard to the most recently published census count prepared by the Australian Statistician.

             (4)  The ACMA is to make a new determination of the licence area population of a licence area if the licence area is changed.

             (5)  The ACMA is to specify, in a determination of the licence area population of a licence area:

                     (a)  the percentage of the population of Australia constituted by that licence area population; and

                     (b)  the percentage of that licence area population that is attributable to an overlap area.

31  Minister may reserve capacity for national broadcasters or community broadcasters

             (1)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, notify the ACMA that capacity in the broadcasting services bands is to be reserved for a specified number of:

                     (a)  national broadcasting services; or

                     (b)  community broadcasting services (other than services provided by temporary community broadcasting licensees);

but such a notice must not affect the provision of services in accordance with a licence already allocated by the ACMA under this Act or in accordance with a class licence.

             (2)  The ACMA must not, except in accordance with section 34, allocate a licence or determine a class licence that would allow the provision of broadcasting services (other than services provided by national broadcasters or community broadcasting licensees) which would make use of reserved capacity in the broadcasting services bands.

33  Development of technical planning guidelines

                   The ACMA is to develop in writing guidelines for the technical planning of individual services that use the broadcasting services bands as a means of delivery.

34  Alternative uses of broadcasting services bands

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the ACMA has advertised under section 38 for applications for the allocation of one or more commercial television broadcasting licences or commercial radio broadcasting licences that are broadcasting services bands licences and that licence is not allocated or not all of those licences are allocated; or

                     (b)  broadcasting services bands spectrum is available in a licence area but has not been made available for commercial television broadcasting licences or commercial radio broadcasting licences; or

                     (c)  broadcasting services bands spectrum has been reserved under section 31 but has not been made available for the purpose for which it was reserved; or

                     (d)  broadcasting services bands spectrum is available but the ACMA has not commenced or completed planning and allocation processes in relation to that spectrum;

the ACMA may, by written instrument, determine that the part or parts of the radiofrequency spectrum concerned is or are available for allocation, for a period specified by the ACMA:

                     (e)  for the temporary transmission or the re‑transmission of programs; or

                    (ea)  to temporary community broadcasting licensees; or

                      (f)  to providers of subscription broadcasting services, subscription narrowcasting services or open narrowcasting services; or

                    (fa)  for the transmission of datacasting services on a temporary basis; or

                     (g)  for other purposes.

             (2)  In making a determination under subsection (1), the ACMA is to have regard to:

                     (a)  the possible future demand for the use of that part of the radiofrequency spectrum; and

                     (b)  such other matters as the ACMA considers relevant.

             (3)  The ACMA may, by written instrument, determine that a part or parts of the broadcasting services bands spectrum is or are available for allocation for the purposes of the transmission of datacasting services.

             (4)  In making a determination under subsection (3), the ACMA is to have regard to:

                     (a)  the possible future demand for the use of that part of the radiofrequency spectrum for the provision of commercial television broadcasting services; and

                     (b)  such other matters as the ACMA considers relevant.

          (4A)  Each part determined under subsection (3) must be 7 MHz. However, this rule does not prevent a particular part from being determined even if it adjoins:

                     (a)  another part that is also specified in the determination; or

                     (b)  2 other parts that are also specified in the determination.

Part 4Commercial television broadcasting licences and commercial radio broadcasting licences

Division 1Allocation of licences

36  ACMA to determine system for allocating licences

             (1)  The ACMA is to determine in writing a price‑based system for allocating:

                     (a)  commercial television broadcasting licences that are broadcasting services bands licences; and

                     (b)  commercial radio broadcasting licences that are broadcasting services bands licences.

             (2)  The Minister may give specific directions to the ACMA for the purpose of a determination.

             (3)  Directions may be to include in a determination specified reserve prices for licences, and those reserve prices may be different for licences in different licence areas.

             (4)  If a commercial television broadcasting licence or a commercial radio broadcasting licence referred to in subsection (1) is allocated, the ACMA must, unless the allocation system adopted was public, publish in the Gazette the name of the successful applicant and the amount that the applicant agreed to pay to the Commonwealth for the allocation of the licence.

36A  Commercial radio broadcasting licences to provide analog or digital commercial radio broadcasting services

Licences in force immediately before the commencement of this section

             (1)  If a commercial radio broadcasting licence was in force immediately before the commencement of this section, the licence is taken, for the purposes of this Act, to have been allocated as a licence to provide an analog commercial radio broadcasting service.

Licences allocated before the digital radio start‑up day for the licence area

             (2)  If the ACMA allocates a commercial radio broadcasting licence after the commencement of this section but before the digital radio start‑up day for the licence area, the licence must be allocated as a licence to provide an analog commercial radio broadcasting service.

Licences allocated on or after digital radio start‑up day for the licence area

             (3)  If the ACMA allocates a commercial radio broadcasting licence on or after the digital radio start‑up day for the licence area, the licence must be allocated as:

                     (a)  a licence to provide an analog commercial radio broadcasting service; or

                     (b)  a licence to provide digital commercial radio broadcasting services.

Licence conditions

             (4)  Subject to subsection (5), if a commercial radio broadcasting licence is or was allocated as a licence to provide an analog commercial radio broadcasting service, the licence is subject to the condition that the licensee may only provide an analog commercial radio broadcasting service under the licence.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  a commercial radio broadcasting licence was in force immediately before the digital radio start‑up day for the licence area; and

                     (b)  the licence authorised the licensee to provide an analog commercial radio broadcasting service in the licence area;

subsection (4) ceases to apply in relation to the licence at the start of the digital radio start‑up day for the licence area.

             (6)  If a commercial radio broadcasting licence is allocated as a licence to provide digital commercial radio broadcasting services, the licence is subject to the condition that the licensee may only provide digital commercial radio broadcasting services under the licence.

Subsection 40(1) licences

             (8)  This section does not apply to a commercial radio broadcasting licence that is or was allocated under subsection 40(1).

37  When licences must not be allocated

             (1)  A licence is not to be allocated to an applicant if:

                     (a)  the applicant is not a company that is registered as a company under Part 2A.2 of the Corporations Act 2001 and has a share capital; or

                     (b)  the ACMA decides that subsection 41(2) applies to the applicant.

             (2)  Paragraph (1)(b) does not require the ACMA to consider the application of section 41 in relation to an applicant before allocating a licence to the applicant.

37A  Limitation on number of commercial television broadcasting licences

                   The ACMA must ensure that the number of commercial television broadcasting licences that:

                     (a)  have the same licence area; and

                     (b)  are broadcasting services bands licences;

does not exceed 3.

38  ACMA to advertise for applications for certain licences

             (1)  Where the ACMA is going to allocate one or more commercial television broadcasting licences or commercial radio broadcasting licences referred to in subsection 36(1), the ACMA is to advertise, in a manner determined by the ACMA, for applications for licences of that kind, and is to include in the advertisements:

                     (a)  the date before which applications must be received by the ACMA; and

                     (b)  a statement specifying how details of:

                              (i)  the system determined under section 36; and

                             (ii)  the conditions that are to apply to the licence; and

                            (iii)  the licence area of the licence, the licence area population of the licence and any areas of overlap with other licence areas;

                            can be obtained.

             (2)  Applications must:

                     (a)  be in accordance with a form approved in writing by the ACMA; and

                     (b)  be accompanied by the application fee determined in writing by the ACMA.

38A  Additional commercial television licences in single markets

Circumstances in which existing licensee may apply for additional licence

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a particular licence area is the licence area of only one commercial television broadcasting licence (the parent licence) that is in force; and

                    (aa)  the parent licence is not a licence allocated under section 38C; and

                     (b)  additional commercial television broadcasting licences can be allocated for the licence area;

the existing licensee may apply in writing to the ACMA for an additional commercial television broadcasting licence for the licence area.

ACMA must grant additional licence

             (2)  As soon as practicable, the ACMA must allocate an additional commercial television broadcasting licence to the existing licensee for the licence area, so long as:

                     (a)  all of the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  no licence for the licence area previously allocated under this section to the existing licensee has been cancelled because of a breach of the condition set out in paragraph 7(1)(i) of Schedule 2;

                            (iii)  no licence for the licence area previously held by the existing licensee has been surrendered; or

                     (b)  both:

                              (i)  paragraph (a) does not apply; and

                             (ii)  the ACMA is satisfied that there are exceptional circumstances.

Amalgamation of licence areas in some cases

             (7)  If:

                     (a)  more than 30% of the licence area population of a licence area is attributable to an overlap area; or

                     (b)  a licence area is entirely within another licence area;

this section applies as if the 2 licence areas were one.

Fee for additional licence

             (8)  On allocation of the additional licence, the applicant must pay to the ACMA a fee determined by the ACMA. The fee must not be more than the amount that, in the opinion of the ACMA, represents the costs (including planning costs) incurred by the ACMA in allocating the additional licence.

Section 37 restrictions apply

           (11)  This section has effect subject to section 37.

38B  Additional commercial television licences in 2‑station markets

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a particular licence area is the licence area of only 2 commercial television broadcasting licences (the parent licences) that are in force; and

                     (c)  an additional commercial television broadcasting licence can be allocated for the licence area; and

                    (ca)  the ACMA, by notice published in the Gazette, invites:

                              (i)  the existing licensees to give the ACMA a joint written notice under paragraph (d); and

                             (ii)  each existing licensee to give the ACMA a written notice under paragraph (e);

                            during the period specified in the notice;

then, within the period specified in the paragraph (ca) notice:

                     (d)  the existing licensees may give the ACMA a joint written notice stating that:

                              (i)  a company specified in the notice (the joint‑venture company) will apply for an additional commercial television broadcasting licence for the licence area; and

                             (ii)  the joint‑venture company is jointly owned by the existing licensees; and

                            (iii)  the joint‑venture company is registered as a company under Part 2A.2 of the Corporations Act 2001 and has a share capital; or

                     (e)  each existing licensee may give the ACMA a written notice stating that the licensee will apply separately for an additional commercial television broadcasting licence for the licence area.

          (1A)  A notice under paragraph (1)(ca) is not a legislative instrument.

Application by joint‑venture company

             (2)  If a notice is given under paragraph (1)(d), the joint‑venture company may, within 12 months after the notice is given, apply in writing to the ACMA for an additional commercial television broadcasting licence for the licence area.

Separate applications by existing licensees

             (3)  If an existing licensee gives a notice under paragraph (1)(e), the licensee may, within 12 months after the notice is given, apply in writing to the ACMA for an additional commercial television broadcasting licence for the licence area.

Allocation of additional licence to joint‑venture company

             (5)  As soon as practicable after receiving an application under subsection (2), the ACMA must allocate an additional commercial television broadcasting licence to the joint‑venture company for the licence area, so long as the ACMA is satisfied that the joint‑venture company is jointly owned by the existing licensees.

Allocation of additional licence to existing licensee

             (6)  If the ACMA has received applications from both of the existing licensees under subsection (3), the ACMA must allocate an additional commercial television broadcasting licence to one of those licensees for the licence area in accordance with a price‑based system determined under subsection (10).

             (7)  If:

                     (a)  each existing licensee gives a notice under paragraph (1)(e); and

                     (b)  by the end of the 12‑month period beginning at the time when the notice is given:

                              (i)  the ACMA has received an application from only one existing licensee (the first licensee) under subsection (3); and

                             (ii)  the ACMA has not received a notice from the other existing licensee stating that it will not be applying under subsection (3);

the ACMA must, as soon as practicable after the end of that 12‑month period, allocate an additional commercial television broadcasting licence to the first licensee for the licence area.

             (8)  If:

                     (a)  each existing licensee gives a notice under paragraph (1)(e); and

                     (b)  before the end of the 12‑month period beginning at the time when the notice is given, the ACMA receives:

                              (i)  an application from one existing licensee (the first licensee) under subsection (3); and

                             (ii)  a notice from the other existing licensee stating that it will not be applying under subsection (3);

the ACMA must, as soon as practicable after both have been received, allocate an additional commercial television broadcasting licence to the first licensee for the licence area.

             (9)  If only one existing licensee gives a notice under paragraph (1)(e), then, as soon as practicable after receiving an application under subsection (3) from that licensee, the ACMA must allocate an additional commercial television broadcasting licence to that licensee for the licence area.

Price‑based system for allocating licences where separate applications have been received

           (10)  The ACMA may determine in writing a price‑based system for allocating commercial television broadcasting licences under subsection (6).

           (11)  The Minister may give specific directions to the ACMA for the purpose of a determination.

           (12)  Directions may be to include in a determination specified reserve prices for licences, and those reserve prices may be different for licences in different licence areas.

           (13)  If a commercial television broadcasting licence is allocated under subsection (6), the ACMA must, unless the allocation system adopted was public, publish in the Gazette:

                     (a)  the name of the successful applicant; and

                     (b)  the amount that the applicant agreed to pay to the Commonwealth for the allocation of the licence.

Amalgamation of licence areas in some cases

           (14)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, determine that, if:

                     (a)  more than 30% of the licence area population of a specified licence area is attributable to a specified overlap area; or

                     (b)  a specified licence area is entirely within another specified licence area;

this section applies as if the 2 licence areas were one.

        (14A)  If a determination is made under subsection (14) for 2 licence areas that are remote licence areas (within the meaning of Schedule 4) because of paragraph (14)(b), this section applies as if the single licence area referred to in subsection (14) were the licence area that is entirely within the other licence area.

           (15)  A determination under subsection (14) has effect accordingly.

Fee for additional licence

           (17)  On allocation of the additional licence under subsection (5), (7), (8) or (9), the applicant must pay to the ACMA a fee determined by the ACMA. The fee must not be more than the amount that, in the opinion of the ACMA, represents the costs (including planning costs) incurred by the ACMA in allocating the additional licence.

Section 37 restrictions apply

           (24)  This section has effect subject to section 37.

Jointly owned company

           (25)  For the purposes of this section, a company (the first company) is jointly owned by 2 other companies if, and only if, each share in the first company is beneficially owned by either or both of those other companies.

38C  Commercial television broadcasting licences—services provided with the use of a satellite

             (1)  The following table has effect:

 

Licence areas and eligible joint venturers

 

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Item

Licence area for a commercial television broadcasting licence allocated, or to be allocated, under this section

Description of the licence area

Eligible joint venturers for the licence area

1

South Eastern Australia TV3

The area consisting of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania, the Australian Capital Territory, Norfolk Island and the Jervis Bay Territory.

The commercial television broadcasting licensees for the following licence areas:

(a) Remote Central and Eastern Australia TV1;

 

 

 

(b) Remote Central and Eastern Australia TV2;

(c) Mt Isa TV1.

2

Northern Australia TV3

The area consisting of Queensland, the Northern Territory and the Coral Sea Islands Territory.

The commercial television broadcasting licensees for the following licence areas:

(a) Remote Central and Eastern Australia TV1;

(b) Remote Central and Eastern Australia TV2;

(c) Mt Isa TV1.

3

Western Australia TV3

The area consisting of Western Australia, the Territory of Christmas Island and the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands.

The commercial television broadcasting licensees for the following licence areas:

(a) Remote and Regional WA TV1;

(b) Western Zone TV1;

(c) Kalgoorlie TV1;

(d) Geraldton TV1;

(e) South West and Great Southern TV1.

Allocation of licence

             (2)  A commercial television broadcasting licence that was allocated under this section before the commencement of Schedule 2 to the Broadcasting and Other Legislation Amendment (Deregulation) Act 2015 continues in force unless it is cancelled.

Cancellation of licence—services not provided

           (15)  If:

                     (a)  the licensee of a licence allocated under this section is contravening a licence condition set out in:

                              (i)  clause 7B of Schedule 2; or

                             (ii)  clause 7C of Schedule 2; and

                     (b)  the ACMA is satisfied that the contravention is not due to:

                              (i)  technical circumstances that are beyond the licensee’s control; or

                             (ii)  unforeseen circumstances that are beyond the licensee’s control; or

                            (iii)  circumstances specified in the regulations; and

                     (c)  the ACMA gives the licensee a written notice warning the licensee that, if the contravention continues for 30 days, the licence may be cancelled; and

                     (d)  30 days pass after the notice is given, and the contravention continues;

the ACMA must, by written notice given to the licensee, cancel the licence.

           (16)  The cancellation takes effect:

                     (a)  when the notice of cancellation is given to the licensee; or

                     (b)  if a later time is specified in the notice of cancellation—at that later time.

Allocation of licence after cancellation etc.

           (17)  If the ACMA gives a notice under subsection (15) to a licensee, cancelling the licence for a licence area, the ACMA must, within 45 days after the giving of the notice, advertise, in a manner determined by the ACMA, for applications for a licence to be allocated under subsection (23) for the licence area.

           (18)  Before commencing to advertise under subsection (17), the ACMA must, by legislative instrument, determine the eligibility requirements that must be met by persons applying for a licence in response to such an advertisement.

           (19)  The eligibility requirements determined under subsection (18) must include that the applicant has the capacity to provide the services that the licensee will be required to provide under clauses 7B, 7C and 7D of Schedule 2. This subsection does not limit other eligibility requirements that may be determined under subsection (18).

           (20)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, direct the ACMA about the exercise of its powers under subsection (18).

           (21)  The ACMA must include in an advertisement under subsection (17):

                     (a)  a description of the matter mentioned in the applicable paragraph of subsection (17); and

                     (b)  the date on or before which applications must be received by the ACMA (the applications closing date); and

                     (c)  a statement specifying how details of:

                              (i)  the licence area for the licence; and

                             (ii)  the eligibility requirements; and

                            (iii)  the conditions that will apply to the licence;

                            may be obtained.

           (22)  The applications closing date must be the 90th day after the day of publication of the first advertisement under subsection (17) that describes the contravention or cancellation concerned.

           (23)  If:

                     (a)  in response to an advertisement under subsection (17), the ACMA receives one or more applications for a licence; and

                     (b)  the applications were received on or before the applications closing date specified in the advertisement; and

                     (c)  the ACMA is satisfied that one or more of the applicants meets the eligibility requirements;

the ACMA must:

                     (d)  allocate the licence to one of the applicants referred to in paragraph (c); and

                     (e)  do so within 90 days after the applications closing date.

           (24)  Subsection (23) has effect subject to section 37.

Restrictions on transfer of licences

           (25)  During the period of 2 years after the date of allocation of a licence under this section, any attempt by any person to transfer the licence is of no effect.

Definitions

           (26)  In this section:

wholly‑owned subsidiary has the same meaning as in the Corporations Act 2001.

39  Additional commercial radio licences in single markets

Conditions for allocation of additional licence

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a particular licence area is the licence area of only one commercial radio broadcasting licence (the parent licence) that is in force; and

                     (b)  a service is being provided under the parent licence; and

                     (c)  the licence area for the parent licence does not have an excessive overlap area, as determined under subsection (5); and

                     (d)  the licensee requests the ACMA, in writing, to allocate to the licensee, for the same licence area, another commercial radio broadcasting licence that is a broadcasting services bands licence; and

                     (e)  in the opinion of the ACMA, suitable broadcasting services bands spectrum is available for providing another commercial radio broadcasting service in the same licence area;

the ACMA must allocate an additional licence to the applicant for the same licence area as soon as practicable.

Time limit for applications

             (2)  An application under subsection (1) must be made within 60 days after:

                     (a)  the commencement of this section; or

                     (b)  the time when paragraphs (1)(a), (b) and (c) are first satisfied in relation to the parent licence;

whichever is later.

             (3)  If the conditions in paragraphs (1)(a), (b), (c) and (e) are not all satisfied at the time when the application is made, but at a later time they are all satisfied, then the ACMA is under an obligation at that later time to allocate the additional licence (unless the application has been withdrawn).

Matters that ACMA must take into account

             (4)  The matters that the ACMA must take into account in forming an opinion for the purposes of paragraph (1)(e) include the following:

                     (b)  any relevant plan under section 26;

                     (c)  any relevant capacity that has been reserved under section 31.

Excessive overlap area

             (5)  The licence area for the parent licence has an excessive overlap area if:

                     (a)  more than 30% of the licence area population of the licence area of the parent licence is attributable to an area that overlaps with the licence area of another commercial radio broadcasting licence; and

                     (b)  at least one of the following situations exists:

                              (i)  more than 30% of the licence area population of the licence area of that other licence is also attributable to the area that overlaps with the licence area of the parent licence;

                             (ii)  more than one commercial radio broadcasting licence is in force with the same licence area as that other licence.

Technical specifications for additional licence

             (6)  The ACMA must make a determination in writing setting out the technical specifications that apply to the additional licence. The ACMA is not required to make the determination if a plan under section 26 applies to the licence area of the additional licence.

             (7)  For the purposes of this Act and section 109 of the Radiocommunications Act 1992, the technical specifications are taken to have been determined under section 26 of this Act.

Fee for additional licence

             (8)  On allocation of the additional licence, the applicant must pay to the ACMA a fee determined by the ACMA. The fee must not be more than the amount that, in the opinion of the ACMA, represents the costs (including planning costs) incurred by the ACMA in allocating the additional licence.

Licence conditions

             (9)  On the allocation of the additional licence, it becomes a condition of both the parent licence and the additional licence that the licensee will continue to provide services under those licences for at least 2 years after the date of allocation of the additional licence.

Restrictions on transfer of licences

           (10)  During the period of 2 years after the date of allocation of the additional licence, any attempt by any person to transfer either the parent licence or the additional licence is of no effect unless both of those licences are transferred at the same time by the same person to the same transferee.

Section 37 restrictions apply

           (11)  This section has effect subject to section 37.

Section 29 does not apply in some cases

           (12)  If the licence area of the parent licence is not provided for under a licence area plan under section 26, then section 29 does not apply to the allocation of the additional licence.

40  Allocation of other licences

             (1)  The ACMA may allocate to a person, on application in writing by the person, a commercial television broadcasting licence or a commercial radio broadcasting licence that is not a licence referred to in subsection 36(1).

          (1A)  Licences under subsection (1) are to be allocated on the basis of one licence per service.

             (2)  Before allocating a licence referred to in subsection (1), the ACMA is to designate a particular area in Australia as the licence area of the licence.

             (3)  Applications must:

                     (a)  be in accordance with a form approved in writing by the ACMA; and

                     (b)  be accompanied by the application fee determined in writing by the ACMA.

             (4)  If the ACMA makes a decision under subsection (1) or (2), the ACMA must publish in the Gazette details of the allocation or the designation of a licence area.

Referral of application to the Minister

             (5)  Before allocating a commercial television broadcasting licence under subsection (1), the ACMA must refer the application to the Minister.

             (6)  If an application for a commercial television broadcasting licence is referred to the Minister under subsection (5), the ACMA must not make a decision about the application until the Minister:

                     (a)  gives a direction under subsection (7) in relation to the application; or

                     (b)  gives a notice under subsection (9) in relation to the application.

             (7)  If:

                     (a)  an application for a commercial television broadcasting licence is referred to the Minister under subsection (5); and

                     (b)  the Minister is of the opinion that the proposed commercial television broadcasting service is likely to be contrary to the public interest;

the Minister must, by written notice given to the ACMA, direct the ACMA not to allocate the licence to the applicant.

             (8)  The ACMA must comply with a direction under subsection (7).

             (9)  If:

                     (a)  an application for a commercial television broadcasting licence is referred to the Minister under subsection (5); and

                     (b)  the Minister is not of the opinion that the proposed commercial television broadcasting service is likely to be contrary to the public interest;

the Minister must, by written notice given to the ACMA, inform the ACMA that he or she has no objection to the allocation of the licence to the applicant.

Minister may request additional information

           (10)  If an application is referred to the Minister under subsection (5), and the Minister considers that additional information is required before the Minister can decide whether to:

                     (a)  give a direction under subsection (7) in relation to the application; or

                     (b)  give a notice under subsection (9) in relation to the application;

the Minister may, by written notice given to the applicant within 30 days after the day on which the application is referred to the Minister, request the applicant to provide that information.

           (11)  If the Minister requests additional information under subsection (10), the Minister must give the ACMA a copy of the request.

Decision to be made within 60 days

           (12)  If the Minister does not, within 60 days after the day on which:

                     (a)  an application is referred to the Minister under subsection (5); or

                     (b)  if the Minister requests additional information under subsection (10)—that additional information is received;

do either of the following:

                     (c)  give a direction under subsection (7) in relation to the application;

                     (d)  give a notice under subsection (9) in relation to the application;

then the Minister is taken to have given a notice under subsection (9) in relation to the application.

Licence condition

           (13)  If the ACMA allocates a commercial television broadcasting licence under subsection (1), the licence is subject to the condition that the licensee may only provide the commercial television broadcasting service concerned in digital mode (within the meaning of Schedule 4).

41  When persons are regarded as suitable

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, a company is a suitable licensee or a suitable applicant for a licence if the ACMA has not decided that subsection (2) applies to the company.

             (2)  The ACMA may, if it is satisfied that allowing a particular company to provide or continue to provide commercial broadcasting services under a licence would lead to a significant risk of:

                     (a)  an offence against this Act or the regulations being committed; or

                    (aa)  a breach of a civil penalty provision occurring; or

                     (b)  a breach of the conditions of the licence occurring;

decide that this subsection applies to the company.

             (3)  In deciding whether such a risk exists, the ACMA is to take into account:

                     (a)  the business record of the company; and

                     (b)  the company’s record in situations requiring trust and candour; and

                     (c)  the business record of each person who is, or would be, if a licence were allocated to the applicant, in a position to control the licence; and

                     (d)  the record in situations requiring trust and candour of each such person; and

                     (e)  whether the company, or a person referred to in paragraph (c) or (d), has been convicted of an offence against this Act or the regulations; and

                      (f)  whether a civil penalty order has been made against:

                              (i)  the company; or

                             (ii)  a person referred to in paragraph (c) or (d).

             (4)  This section does not affect the operation of Part VIIC of the Crimes Act 1914 (which includes provisions that, in certain circumstances, relieve persons from the requirement to disclose spent convictions and require persons aware of such convictions to disregard them).

Division 2Services authorised by licences

41C  Services authorised by commercial television broadcasting licences

             (1)  A commercial television broadcasting licence for a licence area authorises the licensee to provide the following services in the licence area:

                     (a)  one or more HDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting services;

                     (b)  one or more SDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting services.

Licences allocated under section 38C or subsection 40(1)

             (2)  This section does not apply to a commercial television broadcasting licence allocated under section 38C or subsection 40(1).

Definitions

             (3)  In this section:

HDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service has the same meaning as in Schedule 4.

SDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service has the same meaning as in Schedule 4.

41CA  Services authorised by commercial television broadcasting licences allocated under section 38C

Authorised services

             (1)  A licence allocated under section 38C authorises the licensee to provide the following commercial television broadcasting services in the licence area:

                     (b)  if:

                              (i)  a commercial television broadcasting licensee (a related terrestrial licensee) for a related terrestrial licence area provides a SDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service in the related terrestrial licence area; and

                             (ii)  the service is not the primary commercial television broadcasting service provided by the related terrestrial licensee;

                            a SDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service the program content of which is the same, or substantially the same, as the service provided by the related terrestrial licensee;

                     (c)  if:

                              (i)  a commercial television broadcasting licensee (a related terrestrial licensee) for a related terrestrial licence area provides a SDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service in the related terrestrial licence area; and

                             (ii)  the service is the primary commercial television broadcasting service provided by the related terrestrial licensee;

                            a commercial television broadcasting service the program content of which is the same, or substantially the same, as the service provided by the related terrestrial licensee;

                     (e)  if:

                              (i)  a commercial television broadcasting licensee (a metropolitan licensee) for a metropolitan licence area provides a SDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service in the metropolitan licence area; and

                             (ii)  the service is not the primary commercial television broadcasting service provided by the metropolitan licensee;

                            a SDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service the program content of which is the same, or substantially the same, as the service provided by the metropolitan licensee;

                      (f)  if:

                              (i)  a commercial television broadcasting licensee (a metropolitan licensee) for a metropolitan licence area provides a SDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service in the metropolitan licence area; and

                             (ii)  the service is the primary commercial television broadcasting service provided by the metropolitan licensee;

                            a commercial television broadcasting service the program content of which is the same, or substantially the same, as the service provided by the metropolitan licensee;

                    (fa)  if:

                              (i)  a commercial television broadcasting licensee (a related terrestrial licensee) for a related terrestrial licence area provides a HDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service in the related terrestrial licence area; and

                             (ii)  the service is not the primary commercial television broadcasting service provided by the related terrestrial licensee;

                            a HDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service the program content of which is the same, or substantially the same, as the service provided by the related terrestrial licensee;

                    (fb)  if:

                              (i)  a commercial television broadcasting licensee (a related terrestrial licensee) for a related terrestrial licence area provides a HDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service in the related terrestrial licence area; and

                             (ii)  the service is the primary commercial television broadcasting service provided by the related terrestrial licensee;

                            a commercial television broadcasting service the program content of which is the same, or substantially the same, as the service provided by the related terrestrial licensee;

                    (fc)  if:

                              (i)  a commercial television broadcasting licensee (a metropolitan licensee) for a metropolitan licence area provides a HDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service in the metropolitan licence area; and

                             (ii)  the service is not the primary commercial television broadcasting service provided by the metropolitan licensee;

                            a HDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service the program content of which is the same, or substantially the same, as the service provided by the metropolitan licensee;

                    (fd)  if:

                              (i)  a commercial television broadcasting licensee (a metropolitan licensee) for a metropolitan licence area provides a HDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service in the metropolitan licence area; and

                             (ii)  the service is the primary commercial television broadcasting service provided by the metropolitan licensee;

                            a commercial television broadcasting service the program content of which is the same, or substantially the same, as the service provided by the metropolitan licensee;

                     (g)  one or more multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting services the program content of which consists wholly or primarily of programs provided, or required to be provided, to the licensee under subsection 43AA(1).

Program content

             (2)  In determining, for the purposes of this section, whether the program content of a commercial television broadcasting service provided by a licensee in a licence area is the same, or substantially the same, as the program content of another commercial television broadcasting service:

                     (a)  ignore the following:

                              (i)  advertising or sponsorship material (whether or not of a commercial kind);

                             (ii)  a promotion for a television program or a television broadcasting service;

                            (iii)  community information material or community promotional material;

                            (iv)  a weather bulletin;

                             (v)  any other similar material; and

                     (b)  ignore a news program; and

                     (c)  ignore any program the broadcasting of which in any jurisdiction in the licence area could result in the licensee:

                              (i)  committing an offence; or

                             (ii)  becoming liable to a civil penalty; or

                            (iii)  breaching an order or direction of a court; or

                            (iv)  being in contempt of court; and

                     (d)  ignore a program broadcast in circumstances specified in the regulations.

             (3)  In determining, for the purposes of:

                     (a)  paragraph (1)(c); or

                     (b)  paragraph (1)(f); or

                     (c)  paragraph (1)(fb); or

                     (d)  paragraph (1)(fd);

whether the program content of a commercial television broadcasting service provided by a licensee in a licence area is the same, or substantially the same, as the program content of another commercial television broadcasting service, assume that a program that provides coverage of an anti‑siphoning event is the same as a program that provides coverage of another anti‑siphoning event.

             (4)  Subsection (3) does not limit subsection (2).

Providing an authorised service on Norfolk Island

          (5A)  A person authorised by a licence allocated under section 38C to provide a commercial television broadcasting service in a licence area including Norfolk Island may provide the service despite a law of Norfolk Island about broadcasting services.

Definitions

             (6)  In this section:

HDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service has the same meaning as in Schedule 4.

metropolitan licence area means a licence area in which is situated the General Post Office of the capital city of:

                     (a)  New South Wales; or

                     (b)  Victoria; or

                     (c)  Queensland; or

                     (d)  Western Australia; or

                     (e)  South Australia;

but does not include the licence area of a commercial television broadcasting licence allocated under section 38C.

related terrestrial licence area:

                     (a)  in relation to a licence allocated under section 38C for the South Eastern Australia TV3 licence area—means a licence area mentioned in column 3 of item 1 of the table in subsection 38C(1); or

                     (b)  in relation to a licence allocated under section 38C for the Northern Australia TV3 licence area—means a licence area mentioned in column 3 of item 2 of the table in subsection 38C(1); or

                     (c)  in relation to a licence allocated under section 38C for the Western Australia TV3 licence area—means a licence area mentioned in column 3 of item 3 of the table in subsection 38C(1).

SDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service has the same meaning as in Schedule 4.

41D  Services authorised by commercial radio broadcasting licences

Licences in force immediately before the commencement of this section

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a commercial radio broadcasting licence was in force immediately before the commencement of this section; and

                     (b)  the licence authorised the licensee to provide an analog commercial radio broadcasting service in the licence area;

then, during the period:

                     (c)  beginning at the start of the day on which this section commences; and

                     (d)  ending immediately before the digital radio start‑up day for the licence area;

the licence is taken to authorise the licensee to provide that service in the licence area.

Licences allocated on or after the commencement of this section

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a commercial radio broadcasting licence is allocated on or after the commencement of this section but before the digital radio start‑up day for the licence area; and

                     (b)  the licence is allocated as a licence to provide an analog commercial radio broadcasting service in the licence area;

then, during the period:

                     (c)  beginning at the start of the day on which the licence is allocated; and

                     (d)  ending immediately before the digital radio start‑up day for the licence area;

the licence is taken to authorise the licensee to provide that service in the licence area.

Licences in force immediately before the digital radio start‑up day for the licence area

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a commercial radio broadcasting licence was in force immediately before the digital radio start‑up day for the licence area; and

                     (b)  the licence authorised the licensee to provide an analog commercial radio broadcasting service in the licence area;

then, on and after the digital radio start‑up day for the licence area, the licence is taken to authorise the licensee to provide the following services in the licence area:

                     (c)  the analog commercial radio broadcasting service;

                     (d)  one or more digital commercial radio broadcasting services.

Licences allocated on or after digital radio start‑up day for the licence area

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a commercial radio broadcasting licence is allocated on or after the digital radio start‑up day for the licence area; and

                     (b)  the licence is allocated as a licence to provide an analog commercial radio broadcasting service in the licence area;

the licence is taken to authorise the licensee to provide that service in the licence area.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  a commercial radio broadcasting licence is allocated on or after the digital radio start‑up day for the licence area; and

                     (b)  the licence is allocated as a licence to provide digital commercial radio broadcasting services in the licence area;

the licence is taken to authorise the licensee to provide one or more digital commercial radio broadcasting services in the licence area.

Subsection 40(1) licences

             (7)  This section does not apply to a commercial radio broadcasting licence allocated under subsection 40(1).

Division 3Licence conditions

42  Conditions of commercial broadcasting licences

             (1)  Each commercial television broadcasting licence is subject to:

                     (a)  the conditions set out in Division 1 of Part 3 of Schedule 2; and

                     (b)  such other conditions as are imposed under section 43.

          (1A)  Each commercial television broadcasting licence allocated under section 38C is also subject to the conditions set out in Division 2 of Part 3 of Schedule 2.

             (2)  Each commercial radio broadcasting licence is subject to:

                     (a)  the conditions set out in Part 4 of Schedule 2; and

                     (b)  such other conditions as are imposed under section 43.

43  ACMA may impose additional conditions

             (1)  The ACMA may, by notice in writing given to a commercial television broadcasting licensee or a commercial radio broadcasting licensee, vary or revoke a condition of the licence or impose an additional condition on the licence.

             (2)  If the ACMA proposes to vary or revoke a condition or to impose a new condition, the ACMA must:

                     (a)  give to the licensee written notice of its intention; and

                     (b)  give to the licensee a reasonable opportunity to make representations to the ACMA in relation to the proposed action; and

                     (c)  publish the proposed changes in the Gazette.

             (3)  This section does not allow the ACMA to vary or revoke a condition set out in Part 3 or 4 of Schedule 2.

             (4)  If the ACMA varies or revokes a condition or imposes a new condition, the ACMA must publish the variation, the fact of the revocation or the new condition, as the case may be, in the Gazette.

             (5)  Action taken under subsection (1) must not be inconsistent with:

                     (a)  determinations and clarifications under section 19; or

                     (b)  conditions set out in Part 3 or 4 of Schedule 2.

43AA  Local news to be provided to section 38C licensees by regional commercial television broadcasting licensees

             (1)  A commercial television broadcasting licence for a regional licence area is subject to the condition that, if:

                     (a)  the licensee broadcasts a local news program in the licence area; and

                    (aa)  the licensee has not previously broadcast the program in the licence area; and

                     (b)  the licence area is wholly or partly included in the licence area of a licence allocated under section 38C;

the licensee of the regional commercial television broadcasting licence must:

                     (c)  provide the local news program to the licensee of the section 38C licence for broadcast by the section 38C licensee; and

                     (d)  do so:

                              (i)  simultaneously with the broadcast of the program by the licensee of the regional commercial television broadcasting licence; or

                             (ii)  as soon as practicable after the broadcast of the program by the licensee of the regional commercial television broadcasting licence.

             (2)  A program must be provided under subsection (1) by transmitting it in digital mode (within the meaning of Schedule 4).

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  apart from this subsection, a commercial television broadcasting licensee for a regional licence area (the regional licensee) is required by subsection (1) to provide a program to the licensee of a commercial television broadcasting licence allocated under section 38C; and

                     (b)  the regional licensee believes, on reasonable grounds, that the broadcasting of a part of the program in any jurisdiction in the licence area of the section 38C licence could result in the section 38C licensee:

                              (i)  committing an offence; or

                             (ii)  becoming liable to a civil penalty; or

                            (iii)  breaching an order or direction of a court; or

                            (iv)  being in contempt of court;

subsection (1) has effect as if the program did not include that part of the program.

          (3A)  If:

                     (a)  apart from this subsection, a commercial television broadcasting licensee for a regional licence area (the regional licensee) is required by subsection (1) to provide a program to the licensee of a commercial television broadcasting licence allocated under section 38C; and

                     (b)  the regional licensee believes, on reasonable grounds, that the broadcasting of the program in any jurisdiction in the licence area of the section 38C licence could result in the section 38C licensee:

                              (i)  committing an offence; or

                             (ii)  becoming liable to a civil penalty; or

                            (iii)  breaching an order or direction of a court; or

                            (iv)  being in contempt of court;

subsection (1) does not apply to the program.

          (3B)  A commercial television broadcasting licence for a regional licence area is subject to the condition that, if:

                     (a)  the licensee broadcasts a local news program in the licence area on 2 or more occasions; and

                     (b)  the licence area is wholly or partly included in the licence area of a licence allocated under section 38C;

the licensee of the regional commercial television broadcasting licence will take reasonable steps to ensure that the licensee of the regional commercial television broadcasting licence does not, on more than one occasion, provide the program to the section 38C licensee for broadcast by the section 38C licensee.

             (6)  This section does not apply to a commercial television broadcasting licence allocated under subsection 40(1).

             (7)  In this section:

local news program means:

                     (a)  a program that consists solely of local news and/or local weather information; or

                     (b)  a program:

                              (i)  that consists primarily of local news and/or local weather information; and

                             (ii)  the remainder of which consists of other news and/or other weather information;

but does not include:

                     (c)  a short segment, or a headline update, that is broadcast for the sole or primary purpose of promoting another program; or

                     (d)  a short segment, or a headline update, that repeats news content that has previously been broadcast by the licensee concerned.

metropolitan licence area means a licence area in which is situated the General Post Office of the capital city of:

                     (a)  New South Wales; or

                     (b)  Victoria; or

                     (c)  Queensland; or

                     (d)  Western Australia; or

                     (e)  South Australia;

but does not include the licence area of a commercial television broadcasting licence allocated under section 38C.

regional licence area means a licence area that is not a metropolitan licence area, but does not include:

                     (a)  the licence area of a commercial television broadcasting licence allocated under section 38C; or

                     (b)  a licence area specified in column 3 of the table in subsection 38C(1).

43AB  Commercial television programs to be provided to section 38C licensees by metropolitan commercial television broadcasting licensees

Programs to be provided by metropolitan licensees

             (1)  A commercial television broadcasting licence for a metropolitan licence area is subject to the condition that, if:

                     (a)  the licensee (the metropolitan licensee) broadcasts a program in a metropolitan licence area on either of the following services (a metropolitan service):

                              (i)  a HDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service;

                             (ii)  a SDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service; and

                     (b)  before the program is broadcast, a section 38C licensee requests the metropolitan licensee to provide the section 38C licensee with the programs broadcast on the metropolitan service;

the metropolitan licensee must:

                     (c)  provide the program to the section 38C licensee for broadcast by the section 38C licensee; and

                     (d)  do so:

                              (i)  simultaneously with the broadcast of that program on the metropolitan service; or

                             (ii)  as soon as practicable after the broadcast of that program on the metropolitan service.

HDTV digital mode or SDTV digital mode

             (2)  A program must be provided under subsection (1) by transmitting it:

                     (a)  if subparagraph (1)(a)(i) applies—in HDTV digital mode (within the meaning of Schedule 4); or

                     (b)  if subparagraph (1)(a)(ii) applies—in SDTV digital mode (within the meaning of Schedule 4).

Definitions

             (4)  In this section:

HDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service has the same meaning as in Schedule 4.

metropolitan licence area means a licence area in which is situated the General Post Office of the capital city of:

                     (a)  New South Wales; or

                     (b)  Victoria; or

                     (c)  Queensland; or

                     (d)  Western Australia; or

                     (e)  South Australia;

but does not include the licence area of a commercial television broadcasting licence allocated under section 38C.

SDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service has the same meaning as in Schedule 4.

section 38C licensee means the licensee of a commercial television broadcasting licence allocated under section 38C.

43AC  Commercial television programs to be provided to section 38C licensees by remote terrestrial licensees

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if the licence area of a commercial television broadcasting licence (the remote terrestrial licence) is a related terrestrial licence area of a licence allocated under section 38C.

Programs to be provided by remote terrestrial licensees

             (2)  The remote terrestrial licence is subject to the condition that, if the licensee broadcasts a program in the related terrestrial licence area on either of the following services (a remote terrestrial service):

                     (a)  a HDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service;

                     (b)  a SDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service;

the licensee of the remote terrestrial licence must:

                     (c)  provide the program to the section 38C licensee for broadcast by the section 38C licensee; and

                     (d)  do so:

                              (i)  simultaneously with the broadcast of that program on the remote terrestrial service; or

                             (ii)  as soon as practicable after the broadcast of that program on the remote terrestrial service.

HDTV digital mode or SDTV digital mode

             (3)  A program must be provided under subsection (2) by transmitting it:

                     (a)  if paragraph (2)(a) applies—in HDTV digital mode (within the meaning of Schedule 4); or

                     (b)  if paragraph (2)(b) applies—in SDTV digital mode (within the meaning of Schedule 4).

Definitions

             (5)  In this section:

HDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service has the same meaning as in Schedule 4.

related terrestrial licence area:

                     (a)  in relation to a licence allocated under section 38C for the South Eastern Australia TV3 licence area—means a licence area mentioned in column 3 of item 1 of the table in subsection 38C(1); or

                     (b)  in relation to a licence allocated under section 38C for the Northern Australia TV3 licence area—means a licence area mentioned in column 3 of item 2 of the table in subsection 38C(1); or

                     (c)  in relation to a licence allocated under section 38C for the Western Australia TV3 licence area—means a licence area mentioned in column 3 of item 3 of the table in subsection 38C(1).

SDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service has the same meaning as in Schedule 4.

section 38C licensee means the licensee of a commercial television broadcasting licence allocated under section 38C.

43AD  Compensation for acquisition of property

             (1)  If the operation of:

                     (b)  section 43AA; or

                     (c)  section 43AB; or

                     (d)  section 43AC;

in relation to the provision of a program to the licensee of a commercial television broadcasting licence would result in an acquisition of property from a person otherwise than on just terms, the licensee is liable to pay a reasonable amount of compensation to the person.

             (2)  If the licensee and the person do not agree on the amount of the compensation, the person may institute proceedings in a court of competent jurisdiction for the recovery from the licensee of such reasonable amount of compensation as the court determines.

             (3)  In this section:

acquisition of property has the same meaning as in paragraph 51(xxxi) of the Constitution.

just terms has the same meaning as in paragraph 51(xxxi) of the Constitution.

43B  Local presence—regional commercial radio broadcasting licences

          (1A)  The ACMA must ensure that, at all times after the commencement of Schedule 2 to the Broadcasting Services Amendment (Regional Commercial Radio) Act 2012, there is in force under section 43 a condition that has the effect of requiring that, if a trigger event for a regional commercial radio broadcasting licence occurs after the commencement of that Schedule, then, throughout the 24‑month period beginning when the trigger event occurs, the licensee must maintain at least the existing level of local presence.

Note:          A trigger event cannot occur in relation to a regional commercial radio broadcasting licence that was allocated under subsection 40(1): see section 50A.

             (2)  The condition must define existing level of local presence for the purposes of the condition.

             (3)  The definition must deal with:

                     (a)  staffing levels; and

                     (b)  studios and other production facilities.

             (4)  Subsection (3) does not limit subsection (2).

          (4A)  The condition does not apply to a regional commercial radio broadcasting licence that is:

                     (a)  a remote area service radio licence; or

                     (b)  a regional racing service radio licence.

             (5)  To avoid doubt, this section does not create any obligations under subsection 43(2) that would not exist apart from this section.

             (6)  Subsection 43(5) does not apply to the condition.

             (7)  This section does not limit the powers conferred on the ACMA by section 43 to impose, vary or revoke other conditions.

             (8)  The Minister may give the ACMA a written direction about the fulfilment of the obligation imposed on the ACMA by this section.

             (9)  The ACMA must comply with a direction under subsection (8).

           (10)  In this section:

staff includes individuals engaged as independent contractors.

trigger event has the same meaning as in Division 5C of Part 5.

43C  Local content—regional commercial radio broadcasting licences

             (1)  The ACMA must ensure that, at all times on and after 1 January 2008, there is in force under section 43 a condition that has the effect of requiring the licensee of a regional commercial radio broadcasting licence to broadcast, during daytime hours each business day, at least the applicable number of hours of material of local significance.

          (1A)  A licence condition imposed as a result of subsection (1) does not require a regional commercial radio broadcasting licensee to broadcast material on a business day included in a local content exemption period for the licensee.

Material of local significance

             (2)  The condition must define material of local significance for the purposes of the condition. If a regional commercial radio broadcasting licensee is required to comply with section 61CD, the definition of material of local significance must be broad enough to cover material that the licensee must broadcast in order to comply with that section.

Exclusion of certain licences

          (2A)  The condition does not apply to a regional commercial radio broadcasting licence that is:

                     (a)  a remote area service radio licence; or

                     (b)  a regional racing service radio licence; or

                     (c)  allocated under subsection 40(1).

Applicable number

             (3)  For the purposes of the application of subsection (1) to a regional commercial radio broadcasting licence, the applicable number is:

                     (a)  4.5; or

                     (b)  if the Minister, by legislative instrument, declares that another number is the applicable number for regional commercial radio broadcasting licences generally—the other number; or

                     (c)  if:

                              (i)  the Minister, by legislative instrument, declares that another number is the applicable number for a specified class of regional commercial radio broadcasting licences; and

                             (ii)  the regional commercial radio broadcasting licence is included in that class;

                            the other number.

Changes in licence area populations not to put persons in breach of condition

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the ACMA makes a new determination of the licence area population of a licence area or of the population of Australia; and

                     (b)  as a result of the determination, a person would be in breach of the condition;

the condition continues to apply to the person as if the previous determination remained in force.

Section 43 powers etc.

             (5)  To avoid doubt, this section does not create any obligations under subsection 43(2) that would not exist apart from this section.

             (6)  Subsection 43(5) does not apply to the condition.

             (7)  This section does not limit the powers conferred on the ACMA by section 43 to impose, vary or revoke other conditions.

Definitions

             (8)  In this section:

daytime hours means the hours:

                     (a)  beginning at 6 am each day or, if another time is prescribed, beginning at that prescribed time each day; and

                     (b)  ending at 6 pm on the same day or, if another time is prescribed, ending at that prescribed time on the same day.

43D  Special licence conditions relating to digital radio commercial broadcasting services

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a commercial radio broadcasting licence (the first licence) if:

                     (a)  the first licence authorises the licensee to provide one or more digital commercial radio broadcasting services; and

                     (b)  the first licence was not allocated under subsection 40(1).

Transmission by multiplex transmitter

             (2)  The first licence is subject to the condition that the licensee must not provide a digital commercial radio broadcasting service under the first licence unless:

                     (a)  the service is transmitted using a multiplex transmitter; and

                     (b)  the operation of the multiplex transmitter is authorised by a digital radio multiplex transmitter licence.

Use of more than one‑ninth of multiplex capacity

             (3)  If there is only one digital radio multiplex transmitter licence for the licence area of the first licence, the first licence is subject to the condition that the licensee of the first licence must not use more than one‑ninth of multiplex capacity under the digital radio multiplex transmitter licence for the purpose of providing, under the first licence, a digital commercial radio broadcasting service that passes the shared content test in relation to an analog commercial radio broadcasting service provided under:

                     (a)  the first licence; or

                     (b)  another commercial radio broadcasting licence that has the same licence area as the first licence.

             (4)  If there are 2 or more digital radio multiplex transmitter licences for the licence area of the first licence, the first licence is subject to the condition that the licensee of the first licence must not use more than the designated fraction of the total multiplex capacities under those digital radio multiplex transmitter licences for the purpose of providing, under the first licence, a digital commercial radio broadcasting service that passes the shared content test in relation to an analog commercial radio broadcasting service provided under:

                     (a)  the first licence; or

                     (b)  another commercial radio broadcasting licence that has the same licence area as the first licence.

             (5)  For the purposes of subsection (4), the designated fraction of the total multiplex capacities under those digital radio multiplex transmitter licences is as follows:

Shared content test

             (6)  For the purposes of subsections (3) and (4), a digital commercial radio broadcasting service passes the shared content test at a particular time in relation to an analog commercial radio broadcasting service if:

                     (a)  the program content of at least 50% of the total number of hours of programs broadcast by the first‑mentioned service during daytime/evening hours during the 6‑month period ending at that time;

were the same as:

                     (b)  the program content of at least 50% of the total number of hours of programs broadcast by the other service during daytime/evening hours during the 6‑month period ending at that time.

             (7)  For the purposes of subsection (6), ignore the following:

                     (a)  advertising or sponsorship material (whether or not of a commercial kind);

                     (b)  a promotion for a radio program or a radio broadcasting service;

                     (c)  any digital program enhancement content in relation to a radio program;

                     (d)  community information material or community promotional material;

                     (e)  a news break or weather bulletin;

                      (f)  any other similar material.

Definitions

             (8)  In this section:

category 1 digital radio multiplex transmitter licence has the same meaning as in the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

category 2 digital radio multiplex transmitter licence has the same meaning as in the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

daytime/evening hours means the hours:

                     (a)  beginning at 6 am each day; and

                     (b)  ending at midnight on the same day.

digital radio multiplex transmitter licence means:

                     (a)  a category 1 digital radio multiplex transmitter licence; or

                     (b)  a category 2 digital radio multiplex transmitter licence.

44  Matters to which conditions may relate

             (1)  Conditions of commercial television broadcasting licences and commercial radio broadcasting licences must be relevant to the broadcasting services to which those licences relate.

             (2)  Without limiting the range of conditions that may be imposed, the ACMA may impose a condition on a commercial television broadcasting licensee or a commercial radio broadcasting licensee:

                     (a)  requiring the licensee to comply with a code of practice that is applicable to the licensee; or

                     (b)  designed to ensure that a breach of a condition by the licensee does not recur.

Division 4General provisions

45  Duration of licences

             (1)  Subject to Part 10, commercial television broadcasting licences (other than commercial television broadcasting licences allocated under section 38C) and commercial radio broadcasting licences remain in force for 5 years.

             (2)  A commercial television broadcasting licence allocated under section 38C remains in force for 10 years.

             (3)  Subsection (2) has effect subject to:

                     (a)  subsection 38C(15); and

                     (b)  Part 10.

46  Applications for renewal

             (1)  The ACMA may renew a commercial television broadcasting licence or a commercial radio broadcasting licence if:

                     (a)  the licensee makes an application for renewal of the licence, in accordance with a form approved in writing by the ACMA, at least 20 weeks but not more than one year before the licence is due to expire; and

                     (b)  the application is accompanied by the renewal fee determined in writing by the ACMA.

             (2)  If the ACMA receives an application for renewal, the ACMA must notify in the Gazette the fact that the application has been made.

47  ACMA to renew licences unless it is aware of special circumstances

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), if the ACMA receives an application under section 46, the ACMA must, by notice in writing given to the licensee, renew the licence for a period of 5 years.

             (2)  The ACMA must refuse to renew a licence if the ACMA decides that subsection 41(2) applies to the licensee.

             (3)  The ACMA is not required to conduct an investigation or a hearing into whether a licence should be renewed.

48  Transfer of commercial broadcasting licences

                   A commercial television broadcasting licensee or a commercial radio broadcasting licensee may transfer the licence to another person.

49  Surrender of commercial broadcasting licences

                   A commercial television broadcasting licensee or a commercial radio broadcasting licensee may, by notice in writing given to the ACMA, surrender the licence.

Part 5Control of commercial broadcasting licences

Division 1Preliminary

50A  This Part does not apply in relation to licences allocated under section 38C or subsection 40(1)

                   This Part does not apply in relation to:

                     (a)  a commercial television broadcasting licence; or

                     (b)  a commercial radio broadcasting licence;

if the licence was allocated under section 38C or subsection 40(1).

50  Interpretation—knowledge of company

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, if a director, the chief executive or a secretary of a company has knowledge of a matter, the company is taken to have knowledge of the matter.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not limit the ways in which knowledge of a company can be established.

51  Means of dealing with overlapping licence areas

                   If:

                     (a)  more than 30% of the licence area population of a licence area is attributable to an overlap area; or

                     (b)  a licence area is entirely within another licence area;

the rules in this Part apply to the 2 licence areas, but not between those licence areas and other licence areas, as if the 2 licence areas were one.

52  Changes in licence area populations not to put persons in breach of this Part

                   If:

                     (a)  the ACMA makes a new determination of the licence area population of a licence area or of the population of Australia; and

                     (b)  as a result of the determination, a person would be in breach of a provision of Division 2 or 3;

those subsections continue to apply to the person as if the previous determination remained in force.

52A  Newspapers—additional constitutional basis

             (1)  Without limiting its effect apart from this section, this Act (other than Division 10A) also has effect as provided by this section.

             (2)  This Act (other than Division 10A) also has the effect it would have if each reference in this Part (other than Division 10A) to a newspaper were, by express provision, confined to a newspaper where:

                     (a)  the publisher of the newspaper is a constitutional corporation; or

                     (b)  at least part of the circulation of the newspaper is:

                              (i)  in 2 or more States; or

                             (ii)  in a Territory; or

                            (iii)  in a foreign country.

Division 2Limitation on control

53  Limitation on control of commercial television broadcasting licences

                   A person must not be in a position to exercise control of more than one commercial television broadcasting licence in the same licence area.

54  Limitation on control of commercial radio broadcasting licences

                   A person must not be in a position to exercise control of more than 2 commercial radio broadcasting licences in the same licence area.

Division 3Limitation on directorships

55  Limitation on numbers of directorships—television

             (3)  A person must not be:

                     (a)  a director of a company that is in a position to exercise control of a commercial television broadcasting licence; and

                     (b)  a director of a company that is in a position to exercise control of another commercial television broadcasting licence;

if each of those licences have the same licence area.

             (4)  A person must not be:

                     (a)  a director of a company that is in a position to exercise control of a commercial television broadcasting licence; and

                     (b)  in a position to exercise control of another commercial television broadcasting licence;

if each of those licences have the same licence area.

56  Limitation on numbers of directorships—radio

                   A person must not be:

                     (a)  a director of a company that is, or of 2 or more companies that are, between them, in a position to exercise control of more than 2 commercial radio broadcasting licences in the same licence area; or

                     (b)  a director of a company that is, or of 2 or more companies that are, between them, in a position to exercise control of 2 commercial radio broadcasting licences in a licence area and in a position to exercise control of another commercial radio broadcasting licence in the same licence area; or

                     (c)  in a position to exercise control of 2 commercial radio broadcasting licences in a licence area and a director of a company that is in a position to exercise control of another commercial radio broadcasting licence in the same licence area.

Division 5Newspapers associated with licence areas

59  Newspapers associated with commercial television or radio broadcasting licence areas

             (1)  The ACMA is to maintain an Associated Newspaper Register.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Part, a newspaper is associated with the licence area of a licence if the name of the newspaper is entered in the Register as being associated with the licence area of the licence.

             (3)  If the ACMA is satisfied that at least 50% of the circulation of a newspaper is within the licence area of a commercial television broadcasting licence, the ACMA is to enter the name of the newspaper in the Register in relation to that licence area.

             (4)  If the ACMA is satisfied that less than 50% of the circulation of a newspaper that is entered in the Register in relation to a commercial television broadcasting licence is within the licence area of that licence, the ACMA is to remove the name of the newspaper from the Register in relation to that licence area.

          (4A)  If the ACMA is satisfied that:

                     (a)  at least 50% of the circulation of a newspaper is within the licence area of a commercial radio broadcasting licence; and

                     (b)  the circulation of the newspaper within that licence area is at least 2% of the licence area population;

the ACMA must enter the name of the newspaper in the Register in relation to the licence area.