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Fair Work Act 2009

Authoritative Version
  • - C2021C00177
  • In force - Superseded Version
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Act No. 28 of 2009 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Fair Work Amendment (Supporting Australia’s Jobs and Economic Recovery) Act 2021
An Act relating to workplace relations, and for related purposes
Administered by: Attorney-General's
Registered 15 Apr 2021
Start Date 27 Mar 2021
End Date 28 Mar 2021
Table of contents.

Commonwealth Coat of Arms of Australia

Fair Work Act 2009

No. 28, 2009

Compilation No. 42

Compilation date:                              27 March 2021

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 25, 2021

Registered:                                         15 April 2021

This compilation is in 2 volumes

Volume 1:       sections 1–536H

Volume 2:       sections 537–800

                        Schedules

                        Endnotes

Each volume has its own contents

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Fair Work Act 2009 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 27 March 2021 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Chapter 4—Compliance and enforcement                                         1

Part 4‑1—Civil remedies                                                                                                    1

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                            1

537........................ Guide to this Part................................................................ 1

538........................ Meanings of employee and employer.................................. 2

Division 2—Orders                                                                                                        3

Subdivision A—Applications for orders                                                              3

539........................ Applications for orders in relation to contraventions of civil remedy provisions     3

540........................ Limitations on who may apply for orders etc.................... 20

541........................ Applications for orders in relation to safety net contractual entitlements  22

542........................ Entitlements under contracts............................................. 22

543........................ Applications for orders in relation to statutory entitlements derived from contracts 23

544........................ Time limit on applications................................................. 23

Subdivision B—Orders                                                                                           23

545........................ Orders that can be made by particular courts.................... 23

545A..................... Orders relating to casual loading amounts........................ 25

546........................ Pecuniary penalty orders................................................... 27

547........................ Interest up to judgment..................................................... 28

Division 3—Small claims procedure                                                                   29

548........................ Plaintiffs may choose small claims procedure................... 29

Division 4—General provisions relating to civil remedies                     32

549........................ Contravening a civil remedy provision is not an offence.. 32

550........................ Involvement in contravention treated in same way as actual contravention              32

551........................ Civil evidence and procedure rules for proceedings relating to civil remedy provisions          32

552........................ Civil proceedings after criminal proceedings.................... 33

553........................ Criminal proceedings during civil proceedings................. 33

554........................ Criminal proceedings after civil proceedings.................... 33

555........................ Evidence given in proceedings for pecuniary penalty not admissible in criminal proceedings 33

556........................ Civil double jeopardy........................................................ 34

557........................ Course of conduct............................................................. 34

557A..................... Serious contravention of civil remedy provisions............. 36

557B...................... Liability of bodies corporate for serious contravention..... 38

557C...................... Presumption where records not provided......................... 38

558........................ Regulations dealing with infringement notices.................. 39

Division 4A—Responsibility of responsible franchisor entities and holding companies for certain contraventions                                                                                      40

558A..................... Meaning of franchisee entity and responsible franchisor entity               40

558B...................... Responsibility of responsible franchisor entities and holding companies for certain contraventions        40

558C...................... Right of responsible franchisor entity or holding company to recover     44

Division 5—Unclaimed money                                                                               46

559........................ Unclaimed money............................................................. 46

Part 4‑2—Jurisdiction and powers of courts                                                      48

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                          48

560........................ Guide to this Part.............................................................. 48

561........................ Meanings of employee and employer................................ 48

Division 2—Jurisdiction and powers of the Federal Court                    49

562........................ Conferring jurisdiction on the Federal Court.................... 49

563........................ Exercising jurisdiction in the Fair Work Division of the Federal Court   49

564........................ No limitation on Federal Court’s powers.......................... 50

565........................ Appeals from eligible State or Territory courts................. 50

Division 3—Jurisdiction and powers of the Federal Circuit Court   52

566........................ Conferring jurisdiction on the Federal Circuit Court......... 52

567........................ Exercising jurisdiction in the Fair Work Division of the Federal Circuit Court        52

568........................ No limitation on Federal Circuit Court’s powers.............. 52

Division 4—Miscellaneous                                                                                       53

569........................ Minister’s entitlement to intervene.................................... 53

569A..................... State or Territory Minister’s entitlement to intervene........ 53

570........................ Costs only if proceedings instituted vexatiously etc.......... 54

571........................ No imprisonment for failure to pay pecuniary penalty...... 54

572........................ Regulations dealing with matters relating to court proceedings                54

Chapter 5—Administration                                                                              55

Part 5‑1—The Fair Work Commission                                                                  55

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                          55

573........................ Guide to this Part.............................................................. 55

574........................ Meanings of employee and employer................................ 56

Division 2—Establishment and functions of the Fair Work Commission             57

Subdivision A—Establishment and functions of the Fair Work Commission                57

575........................ Establishment of the Fair Work Commission................... 57

576........................ Functions of the FWC...................................................... 57

577........................ Performance of functions etc. by the FWC....................... 59

578........................ Matters the FWC must take into account in performing functions etc.     59

579........................ FWC has privileges and immunities of the Crown........... 59

580........................ Protection of FWC Members............................................ 59

Subdivision B—Functions and powers of the President                                 60

581........................ Functions of the President................................................ 60

581A..................... Dealing with a complaint about an FWC Member............ 60

581B...................... Code of Conduct............................................................... 62

582........................ Directions by the President............................................... 62

583........................ President not subject to direction...................................... 63

584........................ Delegation of functions and powers of the President........ 64

Subdivision C—Protection of persons involved in handling etc. complaints about FWC Members         64

584B...................... Protection of persons involved in handling etc. complaints about FWC Members  64

Division 3—Conduct of matters before the FWC                                       66

Subdivision A—Applications to the FWC                                                          66

585........................ Applications in accordance with procedural rules............. 66

586........................ Correcting and amending applications and documents etc. 66

587........................ Dismissing applications.................................................... 66

588........................ Discontinuing applications................................................ 67

Subdivision B—Conduct of matters before the FWC                                     67

589........................ Procedural and interim decisions...................................... 67

590........................ Powers of the FWC to inform itself.................................. 67

591........................ FWC not bound by rules of evidence and procedure........ 68

592........................ Conferences...................................................................... 68

593........................ Hearings........................................................................... 69

594........................ Confidential evidence........................................................ 70

595........................ FWC’s power to deal with disputes.................................. 70

Subdivision C—Representation by lawyers and paid agents and Minister’s entitlement to make submissions     71

596........................ Representation by lawyers and paid agents....................... 71

597........................ Minister’s entitlement to make submissions..................... 72

597A..................... State or Territory Minister’s entitlement to make submissions 72

Subdivision D—Decisions of the FWC                                                                73

598........................ Decisions of the FWC...................................................... 73

599........................ FWC not required to decide an application in terms applied for               73

600........................ Determining matters in the absence of a person................ 74

601........................ Writing and publication requirements for the FWC’s decisions               74

602........................ Correcting obvious errors etc. in relation to the FWC’s decisions           75

603........................ Varying and revoking the FWC’s decisions..................... 75

Subdivision E—Appeals, reviews and referring questions of law               76

604........................ Appeal of decisions.......................................................... 76

605........................ Minister’s entitlement to apply for review of a decision... 77

606........................ Staying decisions that are appealed or reviewed............... 77

607........................ Process for appealing or reviewing decisions................... 78

608........................ Referring questions of law to the Federal Court............... 79

Subdivision F—Miscellaneous                                                                              79

609........................ Procedural rules................................................................ 79

610........................ Regulations dealing with any FWC matters...................... 80

611........................ Costs................................................................................. 80

Division 4—Organisation of the FWC                                                              82

Subdivision A—Functions etc. to be performed by a single FWC Member, a Full Bench or an Expert Panel      82

612........................ FWC’s functions etc. may generally be performed by single FWC Member           82

613........................ Appeal of decisions.......................................................... 82

614........................ Review of decisions by a Full Bench................................ 83

615........................ The President may direct a Full Bench to perform function etc.               83

615A..................... When the President must direct a Full Bench to perform function etc.     83

615B...................... Transfer to a Full Bench from an FWC Member.............. 84

615C...................... Transfer to the President from an FWC Member or a Full Bench            84

616........................ FWC’s functions etc. that must be performed by a Full Bench                85

617........................ FWC’s functions etc. that must be performed by an Expert Panel           86

Subdivision B—Constitution of the FWC by a single FWC Member, a Full Bench or an Expert Panel  88

618........................ Constitution and decision‑making of a Full Bench........... 88

619........................ Seniority of FWC Members............................................. 88

620........................ Constitution and decision‑making of an Expert Panel....... 89

621........................ Reconstitution of the FWC when single FWC Member becomes unavailable         90

622........................ Reconstitution of the FWC when FWC Member of a Full Bench or an Expert Panel becomes unavailable.......................................................................................... 91

623........................ When new FWC Members begin to deal with matters...... 91

624........................ FWC’s decisions not invalid when improperly constituted 92

Subdivision C—Delegation of the FWC’s functions and powers                  92

625........................ Delegation by the President of functions and powers of the FWC           92

Division 5—FWC Members                                                                                    94

Subdivision A—Appointment of FWC Members                                             94

626........................ Appointment of FWC Members....................................... 94

627........................ Qualifications for appointment of FWC Members............ 94

628........................ Basis of appointment of FWC Members.......................... 96

629........................ Period of appointment of FWC Members......................... 96

Subdivision B—Terms and conditions of FWC Members                             97

629A..................... Status of the President...................................................... 97

630........................ Appointment of a Judge not to affect tenure etc................ 97

631........................ Dual federal and State appointments of Deputy Presidents or Commissioners        98

632........................ Dual federal and Territory appointments of Deputy Presidents or Commissioners  98

633........................ Outside work of FWC Members...................................... 99

634........................ Oath or affirmation of office............................................. 99

635........................ Remuneration of the President.......................................... 99

636........................ Application of Judges’ Pensions Act to the President.... 100

637........................ Remuneration of FWC Members other than the President 101

638........................ Remuneration of Deputy Presidents or Commissioners performing duties on a part‑time basis              102

639........................ Leave of absence of FWC Members other than the President  103

640........................ Disclosure of interests by FWC Members other than the President         103

641........................ Termination of appointment on grounds of misbehaviour or incapacity   104

641A..................... Minister may handle complaints about FWC Members.. 104

641B...................... Modified application of the Judicial Misbehaviour and Incapacity (Parliamentary Commissions) Act 2012........................................................................................ 105

642........................ Suspension on grounds of misbehaviour or incapacity... 112

643........................ Termination of appointment for bankruptcy, etc............. 113

644........................ Termination of appointment for outside work................. 113

645........................ Resignation of FWC Members....................................... 113

646........................ Other terms and conditions of FWC Members............... 114

647........................ Appointment of acting President and Vice President...... 114

648........................ Appointment of acting Deputy Presidents and Commissioners               115

Division 6—Cooperation with the States                                                       117

649........................ President to cooperate with prescribed State industrial authorities           117

650........................ Provision of administrative support................................ 117

Division 7—Seals and additional powers and functions of the President and the General Manager    118

651........................ Seals............................................................................... 118

652........................ Annual report.................................................................. 118

653........................ Reports about making enterprise agreements, individual flexibility arrangements etc.             119

653A..................... Arrangements with the Federal Court and the Federal Circuit Court        120

654........................ President must provide certain information etc. to the Minister and Fair Work Ombudsman  121

655........................ Disclosure of information by the FWC........................... 121

Division 8—General Manager, staff and consultants                             123

Subdivision A—Functions of the General Manager                                      123

656........................ Establishment.................................................................. 123

657........................ Functions and powers of the General Manager.............. 123

658........................ Directions from the President......................................... 123

659........................ General Manager not otherwise subject to direction....... 124

Subdivision B—Appointment and terms and conditions of the General Manager        124

660........................ Appointment of the General Manager............................. 124

661........................ Remuneration of the General Manager........................... 124

662........................ Leave of absence of the General Manager...................... 125

663........................ Outside work of the General Manager............................ 125

664........................ Disclosure of interests to the President........................... 125

665........................ Resignation of the General Manager............................... 125

666........................ Termination of appointment of the General Manager...... 125

667........................ Other terms and conditions of the General Manager....... 126

668........................ Appointment of acting General Manager........................ 126

669........................ Minister to consult the President..................................... 127

Subdivision C—Staff and consultants                                                               127

670........................ Staff................................................................................ 127

671........................ Delegation by General Manager to staff......................... 127

672........................ Persons assisting the FWC............................................. 128

673........................ Consultants..................................................................... 128

Subdivision D—Application of the finance law                                              128

673A..................... Application of the finance law........................................ 128

Division 9—Offences relating to the Fair Work Commission            130

674........................ Offences in relation to the FWC..................................... 130

675........................ Contravening an FWC order........................................... 132

676........................ Intimidation etc............................................................... 133

677........................ Offences in relation to attending before the FWC........... 133

678........................ False or misleading evidence.......................................... 134

Part 5‑2—Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman                                           136

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        136

679........................ Guide to this Part............................................................ 136

680........................ Meanings of employee and employer.............................. 136

Division 2—Fair Work Ombudsman                                                                137

Subdivision A—Establishment and functions and powers of the Fair Work Ombudsman         137

681........................ Establishment.................................................................. 137

682........................ Functions of the Fair Work Ombudsman....................... 137

683........................ Delegation by the Fair Work Ombudsman..................... 138

684........................ Directions from the Minister........................................... 139

685........................ Minister may require reports........................................... 139

686........................ Annual report.................................................................. 139

Subdivision B—Appointment and terms and conditions of the Fair Work Ombudsman            140

687........................ Appointment of the Fair Work Ombudsman.................. 140

688........................ Remuneration of the Fair Work Ombudsman................. 140

689........................ Leave of absence of the Fair Work Ombudsman............ 141

690........................ Outside work of the Fair Work Ombudsman................. 141

692........................ Resignation of the Fair Work Ombudsman.................... 141

693........................ Termination of appointment of the Fair Work Ombudsman 141

694........................ Other terms and conditions of the Fair Work Ombudsman 142

695........................ Appointment of acting Fair Work Ombudsman.............. 142

Division 3—Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman                                   144

Subdivision A—Establishment of the Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman 144

696........................ Establishment of the Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman 144

Subdivision B—Staff and consultants etc.                                                        144

697........................ Staff................................................................................ 144

698........................ Persons assisting the Fair Work Ombudsman................ 144

699........................ Consultants..................................................................... 145

Subdivision C—Appointment of Fair Work Inspectors                               145

700........................ Appointment of Fair Work Inspectors............................ 145

701........................ Fair Work Ombudsman is a Fair Work Inspector........... 145

702........................ Identity cards.................................................................. 146

Subdivision D—Functions and powers of Fair Work Inspectors—general 147

703........................ Conditions and restrictions on functions and powers..... 147

704........................ General directions by the Fair Work Ombudsman.......... 147

705........................ Particular directions by the Fair Work Ombudsman....... 147

706........................ Purpose for which powers of inspectors may be exercised 148

707........................ When powers of inspectors may be exercised................ 148

707A..................... Hindering or obstructing the Fair Work Ombudsman and inspectors etc.                149

Subdivision DA—Power to enter premises                                                      149

708........................ Power of inspectors to enter premises............................ 149

709........................ Powers of inspectors while on premises......................... 150

710........................ Persons assisting inspectors........................................... 151

Subdivision DB—Powers to ask questions and require records and documents            151

711........................ Power to ask for person’s name and address.................. 151

712........................ Power to require persons to produce records or documents 152

712A..................... Minister may nominate AAT presidential members to issue FWO notices              152

712AA.................. Fair Work Ombudsman may apply to nominated AAT presidential member for FWO notice 153

712AB................... Issue of FWO notice....................................................... 155

712AC................... Form and content of FWO notice................................... 156

712AD.................. Fair Work Ombudsman may give FWO notice to person in relation to whom it is issued and vary time for compliance...................................................................... 157

712AE................... Conduct of examination.................................................. 158

712B...................... Requirement to comply with FWO notice....................... 158

712C...................... Payment for expenses incurred in attending as required by an FWO notice             159

712D..................... Protection from liability relating to FWO notices............ 159

712E...................... Fair Work Ombudsman must notify Commonwealth Ombudsman of issue of FWO notice   159

712F...................... Review and report by Commonwealth Ombudsman...... 160

Subdivision DC—Other rules relating to answers, records and documents 162

713........................ Self‑incrimination etc...................................................... 162

713A..................... Certain records and documents are inadmissible............. 163

713AA.................. Legal professional privilege............................................ 163

714........................ Power to keep records or documents.............................. 163

714A..................... Reports not to include information relating to an individual’s affairs       164

Subdivision DD—Enforceable undertakings and compliance notices      165

715........................ Enforceable undertakings relating to contraventions of civil remedy provisions      165

716........................ Compliance notices......................................................... 166

717........................ Review of compliance notices......................................... 168

Subdivision E—Disclosure of information by the Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman           169

718........................ Disclosure of information by the Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman  169

Subdivision F—False or misleading information or documents               170

718A..................... False or misleading information or documents............... 170

Chapter 6—Miscellaneous                                                                                172

Part 6‑1—Multiple actions                                                                                            172

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        172

719........................ Guide to this Part............................................................ 172

720........................ Meanings of employee and employer.............................. 172

Division 2—Certain actions not permitted if alternative action can be taken   173

721........................ Equal remuneration applications..................................... 173

722........................ Notification and consultation requirements applications. 173

723........................ Unlawful termination applications.................................. 174

Division 3—Preventing multiple actions                                                         175

Subdivision A—Equal remuneration applications                                        175

724........................ Equal remuneration applications..................................... 175

Subdivision B—Applications and complaints relating to dismissal          176

725........................ General rule.................................................................... 176

726........................ Dismissal remedy bargaining order applications............. 176

727........................ General protections FWC applications............................ 176

728........................ General protections court applications............................ 177

729........................ Unfair dismissal applications.......................................... 178

730........................ Unlawful termination FWC applications......................... 178

731........................ Unlawful termination court applications......................... 179

732........................ Applications and complaints under other laws................ 179

733........................ Dismissal does not include failure to provide benefits.... 180

Subdivision C—General protections applications that do not relate to dismissal         180

734........................ General rule.................................................................... 180

Part 6‑2—Dealing with disputes                                                                                182

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        182

735........................ Guide to this Part............................................................ 182

736........................ Meanings of employee and employer.............................. 182

Division 2—Dealing with disputes                                                                      183

Subdivision A—Model term about dealing with disputes                             183

737........................ Model term about dealing with disputes......................... 183

Subdivision B—Dealing with disputes                                                               183

738........................ Application of this Division............................................ 183

739........................ Disputes dealt with by the FWC..................................... 183

740........................ Dispute dealt with by persons other than the FWC......... 184

Part 6‑3—Extension of National Employment Standards entitlements 186

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        186

741........................ Guide to this Part............................................................ 186

742........................ Meanings of employee and employer.............................. 186

Division 2—Extension of entitlement to unpaid parental leave and related entitlements            187

Subdivision A—Main provisions                                                                        187

743........................ Object of this Division.................................................... 187

744........................ Extending the entitlement to unpaid parental leave and related entitlements              187

745........................ Contravening the extended parental leave provisions...... 189

746........................ References to the National Employment Standards include extended parental leave provisions               189

747........................ State and Territory laws that are not excluded................. 189

Subdivision B—Modifications of the extended parental leave provisions 190

748........................ Non‑national system employees are not award/agreement free employees               190

749........................ Modification of meaning of base rate of pay for pieceworkers                190

750........................ Modification of meaning of full rate of pay for pieceworkers  190

751........................ Modification of meaning of ordinary hours of work—if determined by State industrial instrument        190

752........................ Modification of meaning of ordinary hours of work—if not determined by State industrial instrument  191

753........................ Modification of meaning of ordinary hours of work—regulations may prescribe usual weekly hours   191

754........................ Modification of meaning of pieceworker........................ 191

755........................ Modification of provision about interaction with paid leave 192

756........................ Modification of provision about relationship between National Employment Standards and agreements........................................................................................ 192

757........................ Modification of power to make regulations.................... 192

Division 3—Extension of entitlement to notice of termination or payment in lieu of notice       193

Subdivision A—Main provisions                                                                        193

758........................ Object of this Division.................................................... 193

759........................ Extending entitlement to notice of termination or payment in lieu of notice              193

760........................ Contravening the extended notice of termination provisions 194

761........................ References to the National Employment Standards include extended notice of termination provisions    195

762........................ State and Territory laws that are not excluded................. 195

Subdivision B—Modifications of the extended notice of termination provisions          195

763........................ Non‑national system employees are not award/agreement free employees               195

764........................ Modification of meaning of full rate of pay for pieceworkers  195

765........................ Modification of meaning of pieceworker........................ 196

766........................ Modification of provision about notice of termination by employee        196

767........................ Modification of provision about relationship between National Employment Standards and agreements........................................................................................ 196

768........................ Modification of power to make regulations.................... 196

Part 6‑3A—Transfer of business from a State public sector employer 198

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        198

768AA.................. Guide to this Part............................................................ 198

768AB................... Meanings of employee and employer.............................. 198

Division 2—Copying terms of State instruments when there is a transfer of business  199

768AC................... What this Division is about............................................. 199

768AD.................. When does a transfer of business occur?........................ 199

768AE................... Meaning of transferring employee, termination time and re‑employment time        200

Division 3—Copied State instruments                                                             201

Subdivision A—Guide to this Division                                                              201

768AF................... What this Division is about............................................. 201

Subdivision B—Copied State instruments                                                        201

768AG.................. Contravening a copied State instrument.......................... 201

768AH.................. What is a copied State instrument?.................................. 202

768AI.................... What is a copied State award?......................................... 202

768AJ.................... What is a State award?.................................................... 203

768AK................... What is a copied State employment agreement?.............. 203

768AL................... What is a State employment agreement?......................... 205

768AM.................. When does a copied State instrument apply to a person? 206

768AN.................. When does a copied State instrument cover a person?.... 207

768AO.................. When is a copied State instrument in operation?............. 209

Division 4—Interaction between copied State instruments and the NES, modern awards and enterprise agreements                                                                                           211

Subdivision A—Guide to this Division                                                              211

768AP................... What this Division is about............................................. 211

Subdivision B—Interaction with the NES                                                        211

768AQ.................. Interaction between the NES and a copied State instrument 211

768AR................... Provisions of the NES that allow instruments to contain particular kinds of terms  211

Subdivision C—Interaction with modern awards                                          213

768AS................... Modern awards and copied State awards........................ 213

768AT................... Modern awards and copied State employment agreements 213

Subdivision D—Interaction with enterprise agreements                              215

768AU.................. Enterprise agreements and copied State instruments....... 215

Division 5—Variation and termination of copied State instruments 216

Subdivision A—Guide to this Division                                                              216

768AV.................. What this Division is about............................................. 216

Subdivision B—Variation of copied State instruments                                216

768AW.................. Variation in limited circumstances.................................. 216

768AX.................. Variation of copied State instruments............................. 216

Subdivision C—Termination of copied State instruments                           219

768AY.................. Termination in limited circumstances.............................. 219

Division 6—FWC orders about coverage of copied State instruments and other instruments 220

Subdivision A—Guide to this Division                                                              220

768AZ................... What this Division is about............................................. 220

768AZA................ Orders in relation to a transfer of business..................... 220

Subdivision B—Coverage orders                                                                       221

768BA................... FWC orders about coverage for transferring employees. 221

768BB................... FWC orders about coverage for employee organisations 222

Division 7—FWC orders about consolidating copied State instruments etc.      224

Subdivision A—Guide to this Division                                                              224

768BC................... What this Division is about............................................. 224

768BCA................ Orders in relation to a transfer of business..................... 225

Subdivision B—Consolidation orders in relation to transferring employees 225

768BD................... Consolidation orders in relation to transferring employees 225

768BE................... Consolidation order to deal with application and coverage 226

768BF................... Effect of this Act after a consolidation order is made...... 227

Subdivision C—Consolidation orders in relation to non‑transferring employees        227

768BG................... Consolidation orders in relation to non‑transferring employees               227

768BH................... Consolidation order to deal with application and coverage 229

768BI.................... Effect of this Act after a consolidation order is made...... 230

Division 8—Special rules for copied State instruments                          231

Subdivision A—Guide to this Division                                                              231

768BJ.................... What this Division is about............................................. 231

Subdivision B—Terms about disputes                                                              232

768BK................... Where no term dealing with disputes.............................. 232

Subdivision C—Service and entitlements of a transferring employee     232

768BL................... Service for the purposes of this Act................................ 232

768BM.................. NES—working out non‑accruing entitlements............... 233

768BN................... NES—working out accruing entitlements....................... 234

768BO................... Copied State instrument—service................................... 235

768BP................... Copied State instrument—working out non‑accruing entitlements           236

768BQ................... Copied State instrument—working out accruing entitlements  237

Subdivision D—Cessation of copied State awards: avoiding reductions in take‑home pay        238

768BR................... Cessation not intended to result in reduction in take‑home pay                238

768BS................... Orders remedying reductions in take‑home pay.............. 239

768BT................... Contravening a take‑home pay order.............................. 240

768BU................... How long a take‑home pay order continues to apply...... 240

768BV................... Interaction of take‑home pay orders with modern awards and enterprise agreements              240

768BW.................. Application of this Act to take‑home pay orders............. 240

Subdivision E—Modification of this Act                                                          241

768BX................... Modification of this Act for copied State instruments..... 241

Subdivision F—Modification of the Transitional Act                                  242

768BY................... Modification of the Transitional Act for copied State instruments           242

Subdivision G—Modification of the Registered Organisations Act          246

768BZ................... Modification of the Registered Organisations Act for copied State instruments      246

Division 9—Regulations                                                                                          248

768CA................... Regulations..................................................................... 248

Part 6‑4—Additional provisions relating to termination of employment 250

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        250

769........................ Guide to this Part............................................................ 250

770........................ Meanings of employee and employer.............................. 250

Division 2—Termination of employment                                                       251

771........................ Object of this Division.................................................... 251

772........................ Employment not to be terminated on certain grounds..... 251

773........................ Application for the FWC to deal with a dispute.............. 253

774........................ Time for application........................................................ 253

775........................ Application fees.............................................................. 254

776........................ Dealing with a dispute (other than by arbitration)........... 254

777........................ Dealing with a dispute by arbitration.............................. 255

778........................ Taking a dispute to court................................................. 256

779........................ Appeal rights.................................................................. 256

779A..................... Costs orders against parties............................................ 257

780........................ Costs orders against lawyers and paid agents................. 257

781........................ Applications for costs orders.......................................... 258

781A..................... Schedule of costs............................................................ 258

782........................ Contravening costs orders.............................................. 259

783........................ Reason for action to be presumed unless proved otherwise 259

Division 3—Notification and consultation requirements relating to certain terminations of employment                                                                                                                    260

Subdivision A—Object of this Division                                                             260

784........................ Object of this Division.................................................... 260

Subdivision B—Requirement to notify Centrelink                                        260

785........................ Employer to notify Centrelink of certain proposed terminations              260

Subdivision C—Failure to notify or consult registered employee associations             261

786........................ FWC may make orders where failure to notify or consult registered employee associations about terminations........................................................................................ 261

787........................ Orders that the FWC may make...................................... 263

788........................ Application to the FWC for order................................... 263

Subdivision D—Limits on scope of this Division                                            264

789........................ Limits on scope of this Division..................................... 264

Part 6‑4A—Special provisions about TCF outworkers                              265

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        265

789AA.................. Guide to this Part............................................................ 265

789AB................... Meanings of employee and employer.............................. 265

789AC................... Objects of this Part......................................................... 265

Division 2—TCF contract outworkers taken to be employees in certain circumstances             267

789BA................... Provisions covered by this Division............................... 267

789BB................... TCF contract outworkers taken to be employees in certain circumstances               268

789BC................... Regulations relating to TCF outworkers who are taken to be employees 269

Division 3—Recovery of unpaid amounts                                                     270

789CA................... When this Division applies............................................. 270

789CB................... Liability of indirectly responsible entity for unpaid amount 272

789CC................... Demand for payment from an apparent indirectly responsible entity        272

789CD................... Court order for entity to pay amount demanded.............. 273

789CE................... Effect of payment by entity (including entity’s right to recover from responsible person)       274

789CF................... Division does not limit other liabilities or rights............. 275

Division 4—Code of practice relating to TCF outwork                         276

789DA.................. Regulations may provide for a code................................ 276

789DB................... Matters that may be dealt with in TCF outwork code..... 276

789DC................... Persons on whom obligations may be imposed by TCF outwork code   277

789DD.................. Other general matters relating to content of TCF outwork code               278

789DE................... Relationship between the TCF outwork code and other instruments        279

Division 5—Miscellaneous                                                                                     281

789EA................... Part not intended to exclude or limit State or Territory laws relating to outworkers 281

Part 6‑4B—Workers bullied at work                                                                     282

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        282

789FA................... Guide to this Part............................................................ 282

789FB................... Meanings of employee and employer.............................. 282

Division 2—Stopping workers being bullied at work                              283

789FC................... Application for an FWC order to stop bullying.............. 283

789FD................... When is a worker bullied at work?................................. 283

789FE.................... FWC to deal with applications promptly......................... 284

789FF.................... FWC may make orders to stop bullying......................... 285

789FG................... Contravening an order to stop bullying........................... 285

789FH................... Actions under work health and safety laws permitted..... 285

789FI..................... This Part is not to prejudice Australia’s defence, national security etc.    286

789FJ.................... Declarations by the Chief of the Defence Force.............. 286

789FK................... Declarations by the Director‑General of Security........... 287

789FL.................... Declarations by the Director‑General of ASIS............... 287

Part 6‑4C—Coronavirus economic response                                                    288

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        288

789GA.................. Guide to this Part............................................................ 288

789GB................... Object............................................................................. 289

789GC................... Definitions...................................................................... 290

789GCB................ 10% decline in turnover test............................................ 292

789GCC................ Designated quarter.......................................................... 293

789GCD................ 10% decline in turnover certificate.................................. 293

789GCA................ When employer qualifies for the jobkeeper scheme........ 294

Division 2—Employer payment obligations                                                 295

789GD.................. Obligation of employer to satisfy the wage condition..... 295

789GDA............... Minimum payment guarantee.......................................... 295

789GDB................ Hourly rate of pay guarantee........................................... 296

Division 3—Jobkeeper enabling stand down—employer currently entitled to jobkeeper payment for employee                                                                                                298

789GDC................ Jobkeeper enabling stand down—employer currently entitled to jobkeeper payment for employee         298

Division 4—Duties, location and days of work—employer currently entitled to jobkeeper payment for employee                                                                                                300

789GE................... Duties of work—employer currently entitled to jobkeeper payment for employee   300

789GF................... Location of work—employer currently entitled to jobkeeper payment for employee               300

789GG.................. Days of work etc.—employer currently entitled to jobkeeper payment for employee              301

Division 5A—Flexibility provisions relating to employers previously entitled to jobkeeper payment 303

789GJA................. Jobkeeper enabling stand down—employer previously entitled to jobkeeper payment for employee      303

789GJB................. Duties of work—employer previously entitled to jobkeeper payment for employee                305

789GJC................. Location of work—employer previously entitled to jobkeeper payment for employee             306

789GJD................. Days of work etc.—employer previously entitled to jobkeeper payment for employee            307

789GJE................. Termination of direction if employer ceases to satisfy the 10% decline in turnover test           309

789GJF................. Termination of agreement if employer ceases to satisfy the 10% decline in turnover test         310

Division 6—Rules relating to jobkeeper enabling directions              313

789GK................... Reasonableness............................................................... 313

789GL................... Continuing the employment of employees...................... 313

789GM.................. Consultation—employer currently entitled to jobkeeper payment for employee       313

789GMA............... Consultation—employer previously entitled to jobkeeper payment for employee    315

789GN.................. Form of direction............................................................ 317

789GP................... Duration.......................................................................... 317

789GQ.................. Compliance..................................................................... 318

Division 7—Service                                                                                                    319

789GR................... Service............................................................................ 319

Division 8—Accrual rules                                                                                      320

789GS................... Accrual rules................................................................... 320

Division 9—Employee requests for secondary employment, training etc.           321

789GU.................. Employee requests for secondary employment, training etc. 321

Division 10—Dealing with disputes                                                                   322

789GV.................. FWC may deal with a dispute about the operation of this Part 322

789GW.................. Contravening an FWC order dealing with a dispute about the operation of this Part               323

Division 11—Exclusions                                                                                          324

789GX.................. Exclusions...................................................................... 324

Division 12—Protections                                                                                        325

789GXA............... Misuse of jobkeeper enabling direction.......................... 325

789GXB................ 10% decline in turnover test—prohibited conduct.......... 325

789GXC................ False statutory declaration............................................... 326

789GXD............... Federal Court may terminate a jobkeeper enabling direction if employer does not satisfy the 10% decline in turnover test.................................................................... 326

789GXE................ Federal Court may terminate a subsection 789GJD(2) agreement if employer does not satisfy the 10% decline in turnover test................................................................ 327

789GY.................. Protection of workplace rights........................................ 327

789GZ................... Relationship with other laws etc..................................... 328

789GZA................ Redundancy.................................................................... 329

Division 13—Review of this Part                                                                       330

789GZB................ Review of this Part......................................................... 330

Part 6‑5—Miscellaneous                                                                                                 331

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        331

790........................ Guide to this Part............................................................ 331

791........................ Meanings of employee and employer.............................. 331

Division 2—Miscellaneous                                                                                     332

792........................ Delegation by Minister................................................... 332

793........................ Liability of bodies corporate........................................... 332

794........................ Signature on behalf of body corporate............................ 333

795........................ Public sector employer to act through employing authority 333

795A..................... The Schedules................................................................. 335

796........................ Regulations—general...................................................... 335

796A..................... Regulations conferring functions.................................... 335

797........................ Regulations dealing with offences.................................. 335

798........................ Regulations dealing with civil penalties.......................... 336

799........................ Regulations dealing with infringement notices................ 336

800........................ Regulations dealing with exhibiting fair work instruments 336

Schedule 1—Application, saving and transitional provisions relating to amendments of this Act                                                                                           337

Part 1—Amendments made by the Fair Work Amendment (Textile, Clothing and Footwear Industry) Act 2012                                                                                                                337

1............................ Definitions...................................................................... 337

2............................ Section 789BB of amended Act applies to contracts entered into after commencement           337

3............................ Effect on TCF contract outworker’s entitlements............ 338

4............................ Fair work instruments etc. made before commencement. 338

5............................ Application of Division 3 of Part 6‑4A of amended Act 339

6............................ Application of subsection 203(2A) of amended Act....... 339

7............................ Regulations dealing with various matters........................ 339

Part 2—Amendments made by the Superannuation Legislation Amendment (Further MySuper and Transparency Measures) Act 2012                                                      341

8............................ Definitions...................................................................... 341

9............................ Application of sections 149A and 155A of amended Act 341

10.......................... FWC to vary certain modern awards.............................. 341

11.......................... FWC to update text of certain modern awards................ 342

12.......................... Application of paragraph 194(h) of amended Act........... 342

Part 3—Amendments made by the Fair Work Amendment (Respect for Emergency Services Volunteers) Act 2016                                                                                                                343

13.......................... Definitions...................................................................... 343

14.......................... Application of amendments—objectionable emergency management terms             343

Part 4—Amendments made by the Fair Work Amendment (Protecting Vulnerable Workers) Act 2017                                                                                                                                    345

15.......................... Definitions...................................................................... 345

16.......................... Application of amendments—unreasonable requirements to spend or pay amounts                345

17.......................... Saving of regulations—unreasonable deductions........... 345

18.......................... Application of amendments—increasing maximum penalties for contraventions of certain civil remedy provisions....................................................................... 345

19.......................... Application of amendments—responsibility of responsible franchisor entities and holding companies   346

20.......................... Application of amendments—hindering or obstructing the Fair Work Ombudsman and inspectors etc. 346

21.......................... Application of power to give FWO notices.................... 346

22.......................... Application of amendments relating to self‑incrimination etc.  347

23.......................... Application of requirement for reports not to include information relating to an individual’s affairs       347

24.......................... Application of amendments—false or misleading information or documents          347

24A....................... Application of amendments—presumption where records not provided  347

Part 5—Amendments made by the Fair Work Amendment (Repeal of 4 Yearly Reviews and Other Measures) Act 2018                                                                                       348

Division 1—General                                                                                                  348

25.......................... Definitions...................................................................... 348

Division 2—Amendments made by Schedule 1 to the amending Act 349

26.......................... Incomplete review of modern award............................... 349

27.......................... Dismissing applications.................................................. 350

Division 3—Amendments made by Schedule 2 to the amending Act 351

28.......................... Application of amendments—when employees have genuinely agreed to an enterprise agreement         351

Division 4—Amendments made by Schedule 3 to the amending Act 353

29.......................... Application of section 641B of the amended Act............ 353

Part 6—Amendments made by the Fair Work Amendment (Corrupting Benefits) Act 2017   354

30.......................... Disclosure by organisations and employers.................... 354

Part 8—Amendments made by the Fair Work Amendment (Family and Domestic Violence Leave) Act 2018                                                                                                                         355

39.......................... Entitlement to unpaid family and domestic violence leave 355

40.......................... Resolving uncertainties and difficulties about interaction between enterprise agreements and unpaid family and domestic violence leave................................................... 355

Part 9—Amendments made by the Fair Work Amendment (Improving Unpaid Parental Leave for Parents of Stillborn Babies and Other Measures) Act 2020 357

41.......................... Definitions...................................................................... 357

42.......................... Amendments about stillbirth, death and hospitalisation of children          357

43.......................... Amendments about flexible unpaid parental leave.......... 358

Part 10—Amendments made by the Fair Work Amendment (Supporting Australia’s Jobs and Economic Recovery) Act 2021                                                                                        360

Division 1—Definitions                                                                                            360

44.......................... Definitions...................................................................... 360

Division 2—Amendments made by Schedule 1 to the amending Act 361

45.......................... Resolving uncertainties and difficulties about interaction between enterprise agreements and the definition of casual employee and casual conversion rights................ 361

46.......................... Application of certain amendments................................. 361

47.......................... Transitioning casual employees...................................... 363

47A....................... Casual employees of small business employers.............. 365

48.......................... Variations to modern awards.......................................... 365

Schedule 2—Amendments made by the Fair Work Amendment (Transfer of Business) Act 2012                                                                                               367

1............................ Definitions...................................................................... 367

2............................ Application of the amendments made by the amending Act 367

Schedule 3—Amendments made by the Fair Work Amendment Act 2012          368

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                         368

1............................ Definitions...................................................................... 368

Part 2—Default superannuation (Schedule 1)                                                 369

2............................ Schedule 1 to the amending Act...................................... 369

2A......................... Transitional provision—when first variations of default fund term take effect         369

2B.......................... Transitional provision—modern awards made on or after 1 January 2014              370

Part 3—Modern awards (Schedule 3)                                                                   371

3............................ Part 1 of Schedule 3 to the amending Act....................... 371

Part 4—Enterprise agreements (Schedule 4)                                                    372

4............................ Part 1 of Schedule 4 to the amending Act....................... 372

5............................ Part 2 of Schedule 4 to the amending Act....................... 372

6............................ Part 3 of Schedule 4 to the amending Act....................... 372

7............................ Part 4 of Schedule 4 to the amending Act....................... 372

8............................ Part 5 of Schedule 4 to the amending Act....................... 373

Part 5—General protections (Schedule 5)                                                           374

9............................ Part 1 of Schedule 5 to the amending Act....................... 374

Part 6—Unfair dismissal (Schedule 6)                                                                   375

10.......................... Part 1 of Schedule 6 to the amending Act....................... 375

11.......................... Part 2 of Schedule 6 to the amending Act....................... 375

12.......................... Part 3 of Schedule 6 to the amending Act....................... 375

13.......................... Part 4 of Schedule 6 to the amending Act....................... 375

Part 7—Industrial action (Schedule 7)                                                                  376

14.......................... Part 1 of Schedule 7 to the amending Act....................... 376

15.......................... Part 2 of Schedule 7 to the amending Act....................... 376

16.......................... Part 3 of Schedule 7 to the amending Act....................... 376

Part 8—The Fair Work Commission (Schedule 8)                                        377

17.......................... Part 1 of Schedule 8 to the amending Act....................... 377

18.......................... Part 2 of Schedule 8 to the amending Act....................... 377

19.......................... Part 4 of Schedule 8 to the amending Act....................... 377

20.......................... Part 5 of Schedule 8 to the amending Act....................... 377

21.......................... Part 6 of Schedule 8 to the amending Act....................... 377

22.......................... Part 7 of Schedule 8 to the amending Act....................... 378

23.......................... Part 8 of Schedule 8 to the amending Act....................... 378

Part 9—Changing the name of Fair Work Australia (Schedule 9)     379

24.......................... Transitional provision—President.................................. 379

25.......................... Transitional provision—Deputy President...................... 379

26.......................... Transitional provision—Commissioner.......................... 381

27.......................... Transitional provision—Minimum Wage Panel Member 382

28.......................... Operation of laws—things done by, or in relation to, FWA 383

29.......................... Transitional provision—General Manager and staff of FWA  383

30.......................... Operation of section 7 and subsection 25B(1) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 not limited                384

Part 10—Other amendments (Schedule 10)                                                       385

31.......................... Part 1 of Schedule 10 to the amending Act..................... 385

Part 11—Regulations                                                                                                       386

32.......................... Regulations about application, transitional and saving matters 386

Schedule 4—Amendments made by the Fair Work Amendment Act 2013          387

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                         387

1............................ Definition........................................................................ 387

Part 2—Family‑friendly measures (Schedule 1)                                              388

2............................ Part 1 of Schedule 1 to the amending Act....................... 388

3............................ Part 2 of Schedule 1 to the amending Act....................... 388

4............................ Part 3 of Schedule 1 to the amending Act....................... 388

5............................ Part 4 of Schedule 1 to the amending Act....................... 388

6............................ Part 5 of Schedule 1 to the amending Act....................... 389

Part 3—Modern awards objective (Schedule 2)                                              390

7............................ Schedule 2 to the amending Act...................................... 390

Part 4—Anti‑bullying measure (Schedule 3)                                                     391

8............................ Schedule 3 to the amending Act...................................... 391

Part 4A—Conferences (Schedule 3A)                                                                   392

8A......................... Schedule 3A to the amending Act................................... 392

Part 5—Right of entry (Schedule 4)                                                                       393

9............................ Schedule 4 to the amending Act...................................... 393

Part 6—Consent arbitration for general protections and unlawful termination (Schedule 4A)               394

10.......................... Schedule 4A to the amending Act................................... 394

Part 7—The FWC (Schedule 5)                                                                                395

11.......................... Item 4 of Schedule 5 to the amending Act...................... 395

Schedule 5—Amendments made by the Fair Work Amendment Act 2015          396

1............................ Definition........................................................................ 396

2............................ Part 1 of Schedule 1 to the amending Act....................... 396

9............................ Part 5 of Schedule 1 to the amending Act....................... 396

11.......................... Part 7 of Schedule 1 to the amending Act....................... 396

14.......................... Part 10 of Schedule 1 to the amending Act..................... 396

Endnotes                                                                                                                                  397

Endnote 1—About the endnotes                                                                          397

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key                                                                              399

Endnote 3—Legislation history                                                                           400

Endnote 4—Amendment history                                                                         409


Chapter 4Compliance and enforcement

Part 4‑1Civil remedies

Division 1Introduction

537  Guide to this Part

This Part is about civil remedies. Certain provisions in this Act impose obligations on certain persons. Civil remedies may be sought in relation to contraventions of these civil remedy provisions.

Subdivision A of Division 2 deals with applications for orders in relation to contraventions of civil remedy provisions and safety net contractual entitlements, and applications for orders to enforce entitlements arising under subsection 542(1).

Subdivision B of Division 2 sets out the orders that can be made by the Federal Court, the Federal Circuit Court or an eligible State or Territory Court in relation to a contravention of a civil remedy provision.

Division 3 sets out when proceedings relating to a contravention of a civil remedy provision may be dealt with as small claims proceedings.

Division 4 deals with general provisions relating to civil remedies, including rules about evidence and procedure.

Division 4A imposes obligations on responsible franchisor entities in relation to certain contraventions of civil remedy provisions by franchisee entities and on holding companies in relation to certain contraventions of civil remedy provisions by subsidiaries.

Division 5 deals with unclaimed money.

538  Meanings of employee and employer

                   In this Part, employee and employer have their ordinary meanings.

Note:          See also Division 2 of Part 6‑4A (TCF contract outworkers taken to be employees in certain circumstances).

Division 2Orders

Subdivision AApplications for orders

539  Applications for orders in relation to contraventions of civil remedy provisions

             (1)  A provision referred to in column 1 of an item in the table in subsection (2) is a civil remedy provision.

             (2)  For each civil remedy provision, the persons referred to in column 2 of the item may, subject to sections 540 and 544 and Subdivision B, apply to the courts referred to in column 3 of the item for orders in relation to a contravention or proposed contravention of the provision, including the maximum penalty referred to in column 4 of the item.

Note 1:       Civil remedy provisions within a single Part may be grouped together in a single item of the table.

Note 2:       Applications cannot be made by an inspector in relation to a contravention of a civil remedy provision by a person in certain cases where an undertaking or compliance notice has been given (see subsections 715(4) and 716(4A)).

Note 3:       The regulations may also prescribe persons for the purposes of an item in column 2 of the table (see subsection 540(8)).

Note 4:       See section 557A in relation to a serious contravention of a civil remedy provision.

 

Standing, jurisdiction and maximum penalties

Item

Column 1
Civil remedy provision

Column 2
Persons

Column 3
Courts

Column 4
Maximum penalty

Part 2‑1—Core provisions

1

44(1)

(a) an employee;

(b) an employee organisation;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

for a serious contravention—600 penalty units; or

otherwise—60 penalty units

2

45 (other than in relation to a contravention or proposed contravention of an outworker term)

(a) an employee;

(b) an employer;

(c) an employee organisation;

(d) an employer organisation;

(e) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

for a serious contravention—600 penalty units; or

otherwise—60 penalty units

3

45 (in relation to a contravention or proposed contravention of an outworker term)

(a) an outworker;

(b) an employer;

(c) an outworker entity;

(d) an employee organisation;

(e) an employer organisation;

(f) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

for a serious contravention—600 penalty units; or

otherwise—60 penalty units

4

50 (other than in relation to a contravention or proposed contravention of a term that would be an outworker term if it were included in a modern award)

(a) an employee;

(b) an employer;

(c) an employee organisation to which the enterprise agreement concerned applies;

(d) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

for a serious contravention—600 penalty units; or

otherwise—60 penalty units

5

50 (in relation to a contravention or proposed contravention of a term that would be an outworker term if it were included in a modern award)

(a) an employee;

(b) an employer;

(c) an employee organisation;

(d) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

for a serious contravention—600 penalty units; or

otherwise—60 penalty units

Part 2‑4—Enterprise agreements

5A

179(1)

179(5)

(a) an employee;

(b) a bargaining representative for the proposed enterprise agreement;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

5B

180(4A)

180(4B)

180(4C)

(a) an employee;

(b) a bargaining representative for the proposed enterprise agreement;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

6

233

(a) an employee who the proposed enterprise agreement will cover;

(b) a bargaining representative for the proposed enterprise agreement;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

Part 2‑5—Workplace determinations

7

280

(a) an employee;

(b) an employer;

(c) an employee organisation to which the workplace determination concerned applies;

(d) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

for a serious contravention—600 penalty units; or

otherwise—60 penalty units

Part 2‑6—Minimum wages

8

293

(a) an employee;

(b) an employee organisation;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

for a serious contravention—600 penalty units; or

otherwise—60 penalty units

Part 2‑7—Equal remuneration

9

305

(a) an employee;

(b) an employee organisation;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

for a serious contravention—600 penalty units; or

otherwise—60 penalty units

Part 2‑9—Other terms and conditions of employment

10

323(1)
323(3)
325(1)
328(1)
328(2)
328(3)

(a) an employee;

(b) an employee organisation;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

for a serious contravention—600 penalty units; or

otherwise—60 penalty units

10A

325(1A)

(a) a prospective employee;

(b) an employee;

(c) an employee organisation;

(d) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

for a serious contravention—600 penalty units; or

otherwise—60 penalty units

Part 3‑1—General protections

11

340(1)
340(2)
343(1)
344
345(1)
346
348
349(1)
350(1)
350(2)
351(1)
352
353(1)
354(1)
355
357(1)
358
359
369(3)

(a) a person affected by the contravention;

(b) an industrial association;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court

60 penalty units

12

378

(a) a person to whom the costs are payable;

(b) an industrial association;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court

60 penalty units

Part 3‑2—Unfair dismissal

13

405

(a) a person affected by the contravention;

(b) an employee organisation;

(c) an employer organisation;

(d) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

Part 3‑3—Industrial action

14

417(1)

(a) an employee;

(b) an employer;

(c) an employee organisation covered by the enterprise agreement or workplace determination concerned;

(d) a person affected by the industrial action;

(e) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court

60 penalty units

15

421(1)

(a) a person affected by the contravention;

(b) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court

60 penalty units

16

434

an inspector

the Federal Court

60 penalty units

17

458(2)

(a) an employee;

(b) an employer;

(c) an applicant for the protected action ballot order;

(d) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court

30 penalty units

18

462(1)
462(3)

(a) an employee;

(b) an employer;

(c) an applicant for the protected action ballot order;

(d) the protected action ballot agent;

(e) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court

30 penalty units

19

463(1)
463(2)

(a) an employee;

(b) an employer;

(c) an applicant for the protected action ballot order;

(d) the protected action ballot agent;

(e) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court

60 penalty units

20

467(1)

(a) an employee;

(b) an employer;

(c) an applicant for the protected action ballot order;

(d) the protected action ballot agent;

(e) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court

30 penalty units

21

470(1)

an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court

60 penalty units

22

473(1)
473(2)

(a) an employer;

(b) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court

60 penalty units

23

474(1)

an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court

60 penalty units

24

475(1)
475(2)

(a) an employer;

(b) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court

60 penalty units

Part 3‑4—Right of entry

25

482(3)
483(4)
483B(4)
483C(5)
483D(4)
483E(5)
494(1)
495(1)
496
497
498
499
500
501
502(1)
503(1)
504
506
509
521C(3)
521D(3)

(a) a person affected by the contravention;

(b) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court

60 penalty units

26

517(1)

an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court

60 penalty units

Part 3‑5—Stand down

27

527

(a) an employee;

(b) an employee organisation;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

Part 3‑6—Other rights and responsibilities

28

530(4)

(a) an employee;

(b) a registered employee association;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court

30 penalty units

29

535(1)
535(2)
535(4)
536(1)
536(2)
536(3)

(a) an employee;

(b) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

for a serious contravention—600 penalty units; or

otherwise—60 penalty units

Part 4‑1—Civil remedies

29A

558B(1)

558B(2)

(a) an employee;

(b) an employee organisation;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court

60 penalty units

Part 5‑1—The Fair Work Commission

30

611(3)

(a) a person to whom the costs are payable;

(b) an employee organisation;

(c) an employer organisation;

(d) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

Part 5‑2—Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman

30A

707A(1)

an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

31

711(3)

an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

30 penalty units

32

712(3)

an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

32A

712B(1)

an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

600 penalty units

33

716(5)

an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

30 penalty units

33A

718A(1)

an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

Part 6‑3—Extension of National Employment Standards entitlements

34

745(1)
760

(a) an employee;

(b) a registered employee association;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

Part 6‑3A—Transfer of business from a State public sector employer

34A

768AG

(a) the transferring employee;

(b) an employer;

(c) an employee organisation;

(d) an employer organisation;

(e) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

34B

768BT

(a) the transferring employee;

(b) an employer;

(c) an employee organisation;

(d) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

Part 6‑4—Additional provisions relating to termination of employment

35

772(1)
777(3)

(a) a person affected by the contravention;

(b) an industrial association;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court

60 penalty units

36

782

(a) a person to whom the costs are payable;

(b) an industrial association;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court

60 penalty units

37

785(4)

(a) an employee;

(b) a registered employee association;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court

30 penalty units

Part 6‑4B—Workers bullied at work

38

789FG

(a) a person affected by the contravention;

(b) an industrial association;

(c) an inspector

(a) the Federal Court;

(b) the Federal Circuit Court;

(c) an eligible State or Territory court

60 penalty units

Part 6‑4C—Coronavirus economic response

39

789GD