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A Bill for an Act to amend the Customs Act 1901, and for related purposes
Administered by: Home Affairs
For authoritative information on the progress of bills and on amendments proposed to them, please see the House of Representatives Votes and Proceedings, and the Journals of the Senate as available on the Parliament House website.
Registered 24 Nov 2021
Introduced HR 24 Nov 2021
Table of contents.

2019‑2020‑2021

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

 

 

 

Presented and read a first time

 

 

 

 

Customs Amendment (Controlled Trials) Bill 2021

 

No.      , 2021

 

(Home Affairs)

 

 

 

A Bill for an Act to amend the Customs Act 1901, and for related purposes

  

  


Contents

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 1

3............ Schedules............................................................................................ 2

Schedule 1—Amendments                                                                                                3

Australian Border Force Act 2015                                                                           3

Customs Act 1901                                                                                                        3

 

 


A Bill for an Act to amend the Customs Act 1901, and for related purposes

The Parliament of Australia enacts:

1  Short title

                   This Act is the Customs Amendment (Controlled Trials) Act 2021.

2  Commencement

             (1)  Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Commencement information

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Provisions

Commencement

Date/Details

1.  Sections 1 to 3 and anything in this Act not elsewhere covered by this table

The day this Act receives the Royal Assent.

 

2.  Schedule 1

A single day to be fixed by Proclamation.

However, if the provisions do not commence within the period of 6 months beginning on the day this Act receives the Royal Assent, they commence on the day after the end of that period.

 

Note:          This table relates only to the provisions of this Act as originally enacted. It will not be amended to deal with any later amendments of this Act.

             (2)  Any information in column 3 of the table is not part of this Act. Information may be inserted in this column, or information in it may be edited, in any published version of this Act.

3  Schedules

                   Legislation that is specified in a Schedule to this Act is amended or repealed as set out in the applicable items in the Schedule concerned, and any other item in a Schedule to this Act has effect according to its terms.

Schedule 1Amendments

  

Australian Border Force Act 2015

1  Subsection 54(1)

After “section 179”, insert “, 179K or 179L”.

Customs Act 1901

2  Subsection 4(1)

Insert:

controlled trial means a controlled trial established by rules made under subsection 179L(1).

controlled trial provision means the following:

                     (a)  Part IV (importation of goods), other than Division 1 of that Part;

                     (b)  Part IVA (depots);

                     (c)  Part V (warehouses);

                     (d)  Part VI (exportation of goods), other than Division 1 of that Part;

                     (e)  Part VIA (electronic communications);

                      (f)  Part XI (agents and customs brokers);

                     (g)  Part XVA (tariff concession orders);

                     (h)  regulations made for the purposes of a provision covered by paragraph (a), (b), (c), (d), (e), (f) or (g).

3  Subsection 4(1) (definition of rules)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

rules:

                     (a)  in relation to Part XA, means rules made under section 179; and

                     (b)  in relation to Part XB, means rules made under section 179L.

4  After Part XA

Insert:

Part XBControlled trials

Division 1Preliminary

179A  Simplified outline of this Part

The Comptroller‑General of Customs may establish controlled trials. A controlled trial is for a period of up to 12 months, with a possible one‑off extension of up to 6 months.

Entities may apply or be invited to participate in a controlled trial.

Entities participating in a controlled trial:

       (a)     may be released from certain obligations under this Act; or

      (b)     may be required to satisfy certain obligations under this Act in a different way to that required by this Act; or

       (c)     may be required to comply with additional obligations; or

      (d)     may receive benefits of a certain kind.

179B  Application of this Part

                   This Part applies in relation to the following entities:

                     (a)  individuals;

                     (b)  bodies corporate;

                     (c)  partnerships.

Division 2Obligations and benefits under controlled trials

179C  Obligations under controlled trials

Entities released from obligations

             (1)  If an entity holds an approval, that is in force, to participate in a controlled trial, the entity is released from an obligation that the entity would otherwise be required to satisfy under a controlled trial provision if the obligation is specified in the rules as an obligation in relation to that trial that entities are released from.

Note 1:       Section 179L provides for the making of rules to establish a controlled trial. Division 3 deals with approving an entity’s participation in a controlled trial.

Note 2:       For controlled trial provision, see subsection 4(1).

Entities must satisfy obligations in a different way

             (2)  If an entity holds an approval, that is in force, to participate in a controlled trial, the entity cannot satisfy an obligation under a controlled trial provision in the way required by this Act if the obligation is specified in the rules as an obligation in relation to that trial that entities cannot satisfy in the way required by this Act.

             (3)  Instead, the entity must satisfy the obligation in the way specified in the rules in relation to that trial.

Note:          A failure to satisfy the obligation in this way is a ground for varying, suspending or revoking the entity’s approval: see section 179J.

Entities must comply with additional obligations

             (4)  If an entity holds an approval, that is in force, to participate in a controlled trial, the entity must comply with each obligation specified in the rules as an obligation in relation to that trial that entities must comply with.

Note 1:       The obligation must be in relation to a controlled trial provision: see paragraph 179L(3)(h).

Note 2:       A failure to comply with the obligation is a ground for varying, suspending or revoking the entity’s approval: see section 179J.

179D  Benefits under controlled trials

                   If an entity holds an approval, that is in force, to participate in a controlled trial, the entity may receive benefits of a kind that are specified in the rules in relation to the trial.

Division 3Participation in controlled trials

179E  Approval of participation in controlled trials

             (1)  The Comptroller‑General of Customs may, in writing, approve an entity’s participation in a controlled trial if:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  the entity makes an application to participate in that trial in accordance with section 179F; or

                             (ii)  the Comptroller‑General of Customs invites, in writing, the entity to participate in that trial and the entity makes an election to participate in that trial in accordance with section 179G; and

                     (b)  the Comptroller‑General of Customs is satisfied that the entity meets the qualification criteria (if any) determined in an instrument under section 179K; and

                     (c)  the Comptroller‑General of Customs is satisfied that the entity meets the eligibility criteria (if any) specified in the rules in relation to that trial.

Note:          Section 179F deals with making applications and section 179G deals with making elections.

             (2)  In deciding whether to approve an entity’s participation in a controlled trial, the Comptroller‑General of Customs must consider:

                     (a)  any matter specified in the rules under paragraph 179L(3)(b) in relation to that trial; and

                     (b)  any other matter that the Comptroller‑General of Customs considers relevant.

Period for which approval is in force

             (3)  An approval under subsection (1) must specify the period for which it is in force.

Note:          See section 179J for variation, suspension or revocation of an approval.

Copy of approval to be given to entity

             (4)  The Comptroller‑General of Customs must give a copy of an approval under subsection (1) to the entity.

Notification of refusal to approve entity’s participation in controlled trial

             (5)  If an entity makes an application or election to participate in a controlled trial and the Comptroller‑General of Customs refuses to approve the entity’s participation in the trial, the Comptroller‑General of Customs must notify the entity of the refusal and of the reasons for the refusal.

Approval not a legislative instrument

             (6)  An approval under subsection (1) is not a legislative instrument.

179F  Application to participate in controlled trial

             (1)  An application to participate in a controlled trial may be made by document or electronically.

Documentary application

             (2)  A documentary application must:

                     (a)  be communicated to the Comptroller‑General of Customs; and

                     (b)  be in an approved form; and

                     (c)  contain the information required by the approved form; and

                     (d)  be signed in a manner indicated by the approved form.

Electronic application

             (3)  An electronic application must:

                     (a)  be communicated to the Comptroller‑General of Customs; and

                     (b)  communicate such information as is set out in an approved statement.

179G  Election to participate in controlled trial

             (1)  An election to participate in a controlled trial may be made by document or electronically.

Documentary election

             (2)  A documentary election must:

                     (a)  be communicated to the Comptroller‑General of Customs; and

                     (b)  be in an approved form; and

                     (c)  contain the information required by the approved form; and

                     (d)  be signed in a manner indicated by the approved form.

Electronic election

             (3)  An electronic election must:

                     (a)  be communicated to the Comptroller‑General of Customs; and

                     (b)  communicate such information as is set out in an approved statement.

179H  Conditions of approvals

                   An entity’s approval under section 179E in relation to a controlled trial is subject to the conditions specified in the rules in relation to that trial.

179J  Variation, suspension or revocation of approvals

             (1)  The Comptroller‑General of Customs may, in writing, vary, suspend or revoke an entity’s approval under section 179E in relation to a controlled trial if the Comptroller‑General of Customs is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the entity no longer meets the qualification criteria (if any) determined in an instrument under section 179K; or

                     (b)  the entity no longer meets the eligibility criteria (if any) specified in the rules in relation to that trial; or

                     (c)  the entity has not complied, or is not complying, with any condition specified in the rules in relation to that trial; or

                     (d)  in relation to that trial, the entity has not satisfied an obligation covered by subsection 179C(2) in the way covered by subsection 179C(3); or

                     (e)  in relation to that trial, the entity has not complied with an obligation covered by subsection 179C(4).

             (2)  In deciding whether to vary, suspend or revoke an approval, the Comptroller‑General of Customs must consider:

                     (a)  any matter specified in the rules under paragraph 179L(3)(d) in relation to that trial; and

                     (b)  any other matter that the Comptroller‑General of Customs considers relevant.

             (3)  A variation, suspension or revocation of an approval must be in accordance with the procedures specified in the rules in relation to that trial.

             (4)  The Comptroller‑General of Customs must give notice of a variation, suspension or revocation to the entity.

             (5)  The notice must specify the day the variation, suspension or revocation takes effect (which must be at least 7 days after the day the notice is given).

Consequences of suspension

             (6)  An approval has no effect while suspended, but the period for which it remains in force continues to run despite the suspension.

             (7)  The Comptroller‑General of Customs may, in writing, revoke a suspension under subsection (1).

             (8)  The Comptroller‑General of Customs must give notice of the revocation of the suspension to the entity. The notice must specify the day the revocation takes effect.

             (9)  The Comptroller‑General of Customs may, under subsection (1), vary or revoke an approval while it is suspended.

Division 4Instruments

179K  General qualification criteria for any controlled trial

                   The Comptroller‑General of Customs may, by legislative instrument, determine qualification criteria that entities must meet in order to participate in any controlled trial.

179L  Rules specific to a controlled trial

             (1)  The Comptroller‑General of Customs may, by legislative instrument, make rules that make provision for and in relation to the following:

                     (a)  establishing a controlled trial;

                     (b)  the period of operation of a controlled trial;

                     (c)  extending the period of operation of a controlled trial;

                     (d)  revoking a controlled trial.

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1):

                     (a)  rules that establish a controlled trial must specify the purpose of the controlled trial; and

                     (b)  the period of operation of a controlled trial must not be more than 12 months; and

                     (c)  the period of operation of a controlled trial may begin after the day on which the controlled trial is established; and

                     (d)  an extension of the period of operation of a controlled trial must not be more than 6 months; and

                     (e)  the period of operation of a controlled trial must not be extended more than once.

             (3)  The Comptroller‑General of Customs may, by legislative instrument, make rules that make provision for and in relation to the following for a controlled trial:

                     (a)  the eligibility criteria that an entity must meet in order for the Comptroller‑General of Customs to approve an entity’s participation in that trial;

                     (b)  the matters that the Comptroller‑General of Customs must consider in deciding whether to approve an entity’s participation in that trial;

                     (c)  the conditions that approvals under section 179E in relation to that trial are subject to;

                     (d)  the matters that the Comptroller‑General of Customs must consider when deciding whether to vary, suspend or revoke an approval under section 179E in relation to that trial;

                     (e)  the procedures that the Comptroller‑General of Customs must follow when varying, suspending or revoking an approval under section 179E in relation to that trial;

                      (f)  each obligation under a controlled trial provision that, in relation to that trial, entities holding an approval, that is in force, to participate in that trial are released from;

                     (g)  the following:

                              (i)  each obligation under a controlled trial provision that, in relation to that trial, entities holding an approval, that is in force, to participate in that trial cannot satisfy in the way required by this Act;

                             (ii)  the way in which those entities must satisfy that obligation;

                     (h)  each obligation that, in relation to that trial, entities holding an approval, that is in force, to participate in that trial must comply with, being an obligation that is in relation to a controlled trial provision;

                      (i)  the kind of benefits that entities holding an approval, that is in force, to participate in that trial may receive and any criteria to be satisfied for entities to receive those benefits;

                      (j)  a matter that is incidental or ancillary to a matter covered by paragraph (a), (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), (h) or (i).

Note:          For controlled trial provision, see subsection 4(1).

             (4)  To avoid doubt, rules made under this section may not do the following:

                     (a)  create an offence or civil penalty;

                     (b)  provide powers of:

                              (i)  arrest or detention; or

                             (ii)  entry, search or seizure;

                     (c)  impose a tax;

                     (d)  set an amount to be appropriated from the Consolidated Revenue Fund under an appropriation in this Act;

                     (e)  directly amend the text of this Act.