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Fair Work Act 2009

Authoritative Version
Act No. 28 of 2009 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Fair Work Amendment (Improving Unpaid Parental Leave for Parents of Stillborn Babies and Other Measures) Act 2020
An Act relating to workplace relations, and for related purposes
Administered by: Attorney-General's
Registered 15 Dec 2020
Start Date 27 Nov 2020

Commonwealth Coat of Arms of Australia

Fair Work Act 2009

No. 28, 2009

Compilation No. 41

Compilation date:                              27 November 2020

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 105, 2020

Registered:                                         15 December 2020

This compilation is in 2 volumes

Volume 1:       sections 1–536H

Volume 2:       sections 537–800

                        Schedules

                        Endnotes

Each volume has its own contents

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Fair Work Act 2009 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 27 November 2020 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Chapter 1—Introduction                                                                                       1

Part 1‑1—Introduction                                                                                                       1

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                              1

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 1

Division 2—Object of this Act                                                                                 4

3............ Object of this Act................................................................................ 4

Division 3—Guide to this Act                                                                                   6

4............ Guide to this Act................................................................................. 6

5............ Terms and conditions of employment (Chapter 2).............................. 7

6............ Rights and responsibilities of employees, employers, organisations etc. (Chapter 3)               8

7............ Compliance and enforcement (Chapter 4)........................................... 9

8............ Administration (Chapter 5)................................................................. 9

9............ Miscellaneous (Chapter 6)................................................................ 10

9A......... Application, transitional and saving provisions for amendments (Schedules)          11

Part 1‑2—Definitions                                                                                                         12

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                          12

10.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 12

11.......... Meanings of employee and employer................................................ 12

Division 2—The Dictionary                                                                                     13

12.......... The Dictionary.................................................................................. 13

Division 3—Definitions relating to the meanings of employee, employer etc.    48

13.......... Meaning of national system employee.............................................. 48

14.......... Meaning of national system employer.............................................. 48

14A....... Transitional matters relating to employers etc. becoming, or ceasing to be, national system employers etc.             50

15.......... Ordinary meanings of employee and employer................................. 51

Division 4—Other definitions                                                                                 52

16.......... Meaning of base rate of pay............................................................. 52

17.......... Meaning of child of a person............................................................ 53

17A....... Meaning of directly and indirectly (in relation to TCF work)............ 53

18.......... Meaning of full rate of pay................................................................ 54

19.......... Meaning of industrial action............................................................. 55

20.......... Meaning of ordinary hours of work for award/agreement free employees               56

21.......... Meaning of pieceworker................................................................... 57

22.......... Meanings of service and continuous service..................................... 58

23.......... Meaning of small business employer................................................ 61

23A....... Terms relating to superannuation...................................................... 62

Part 1‑3—Application of this Act                                                                               64

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                          64

24.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 64

25.......... Meanings of employee and employer................................................ 64

Division 2—Interaction with State and Territory laws                            65

26.......... Act excludes State or Territory industrial laws.................................. 65

27.......... State and Territory laws that are not excluded by section 26............. 67

28.......... Act excludes prescribed State and Territory laws.............................. 68

29.......... Interaction of modern awards and enterprise agreements with State and Territory laws           69

30.......... Act may exclude State and Territory laws etc. in other cases............ 69

Division 2A—Application of this Act in States that refer matters before 1 July 2009  70

30A....... Meaning of terms used in this Division............................................ 70

30B....... Meaning of referring State................................................................ 75

30C....... Extended meaning of national system employee............................... 78

30D....... Extended meaning of national system employer............................... 78

30E........ Extended ordinary meanings of employee and employer................... 79

30F........ Extended meaning of outworker entity.............................................. 79

30G....... General protections........................................................................... 80

30H....... Division only has effect if supported by reference............................ 80

Division 2B—Application of this Act in States that refer matters after 1 July 2009 but on or before 1 January 2010                                                                                    81

30K....... Meaning of terms used in this Division............................................ 81

30L........ Meaning of referring State................................................................ 86

30M...... Extended meaning of national system employee............................... 89

30N....... Extended meaning of national system employer............................... 89

30P........ Extended ordinary meanings of employee and employer................... 90

30Q....... Extended meaning of outworker entity.............................................. 90

30R....... General protections........................................................................... 91

30S........ Division only has effect if supported by reference............................ 91

Division 3—Geographical application of this Act                                       92

31.......... Exclusion of persons etc. insufficiently connected with Australia..... 92

32.......... Regulations may modify application of this Act in certain parts of Australia           92

32A....... Rules may modify application of this Act in Norfolk Island............. 93

33.......... Extension of this Act to the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf       94

34.......... Extension of this Act beyond the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf               95

35.......... Meanings of Australian employer and Australian‑based employee.. 97

35A....... Regulations excluding application of Act.......................................... 98

36.......... Geographical application of offences................................................ 98

Division 4—Miscellaneous                                                                                       99

37.......... Act binds Crown............................................................................... 99

38.......... Act not to apply so as to exceed Commonwealth power................... 99

39.......... Acquisition of property................................................................... 100

40.......... Interaction between fair work instruments and public sector employment laws       100

40A....... Application of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.............................. 101

Chapter 2—Terms and conditions of employment                102

Part 2‑1—Core provisions for this Chapter                                                      102

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        102

41.......... Guide to this Part............................................................................ 102

42.......... Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 103

Division 2—Core provisions for this Chapter                                             104

Subdivision A—Terms and conditions of employment provided under this Act            104

43.......... Terms and conditions of employment provided under this Act....... 104

Subdivision B—Terms and conditions of employment provided by the National Employment Standards            105

44.......... Contravening the National Employment Standards......................... 105

Subdivision C—Terms and conditions of employment provided by a modern award 105

45.......... Contravening a modern award........................................................ 105

46.......... The significance of a modern award applying to a person............... 105

47.......... When a modern award applies to an employer, employee, organisation or outworker entity   106

48.......... When a modern award covers an employer, employee, organisation or outworker entity        107

49.......... When a modern award is in operation............................................. 108

Subdivision D—Terms and conditions of employment provided by an enterprise agreement  109

50.......... Contravening an enterprise agreement............................................. 109

51.......... The significance of an enterprise agreement applying to a person... 109

52.......... When an enterprise agreement applies to an employer, employee or employee organisation    109

53.......... When an enterprise agreement covers an employer, employee or employee organisation         110

54.......... When an enterprise agreement is in operation................................. 111

Division 3—Interaction between the National Employment Standards, modern awards and enterprise agreements                                                                                           113

Subdivision A—Interaction between the National Employment Standards and a modern award or an enterprise agreement                                                                                   113

55.......... Interaction between the National Employment Standards and a modern award or enterprise agreement  113

56.......... Terms of a modern award or enterprise agreement contravening section 55 have no effect      115

Subdivision B—Interaction between modern awards and enterprise agreements         116

57.......... Interaction between modern awards and enterprise agreements...... 116

57A....... Designated outworker terms of a modern award continue to apply. 116

Subdivision C—Interaction between one or more enterprise agreements 117

58.......... Only one enterprise agreement can apply to an employee............... 117

Part 2‑2—The National Employment Standards                                           119

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        119

59.......... Guide to this Part............................................................................ 119

60.......... Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 120

Division 2—The National Employment Standards                                   121

61.......... The National Employment Standards are minimum standards applying to employment of employees     121

Division 3—Maximum weekly hours                                                                122

62.......... Maximum weekly hours................................................................. 122

63.......... Modern awards and enterprise agreements may provide for averaging of hours of work        123

64.......... Averaging of hours of work for award/agreement free employees. 124

Division 4—Requests for flexible working arrangements                    125

65.......... Requests for flexible working arrangements................................... 125

66.......... State and Territory laws that are not excluded................................. 127

Division 5—Parental leave and related entitlements                               128

Subdivision A—General                                                                                       128

67.......... General rule—employee must have completed at least 12 months of service           128

68.......... General rule for adoption‑related leave—child must be under 16 etc. 130

69.......... Transfer of employment situations in which employee is entitled to continue on leave etc.      130

Subdivision B—Parental leave                                                                           131

70.......... Entitlement to unpaid parental leave................................................ 131

71.......... The period of leave—other than for members of an employee couple who each intend to take leave       131

72.......... The period of leave—members of an employee couple who each intend to take leave             133

72A....... Flexible unpaid parental leave......................................................... 136

73.......... Pregnant employee may be required to take unpaid parental leave within 6 weeks before the birth          138

74.......... Notice and evidence requirements................................................... 140

75.......... Extending period of unpaid parental leave—extending to use more of available parental leave period     143

76.......... Extending period of unpaid parental leave—extending for up to 12 months beyond available parental leave period........................................................................................................ 144

77.......... Reducing period of unpaid parental leave........................................ 146

77A....... Effect of stillbirth or death of child on unpaid parental leave........... 146

78.......... Employee who ceases to have responsibility for care of child......... 148

78A....... Hospitalised children....................................................................... 148

79.......... Interaction with paid leave............................................................... 150

79A....... Keeping in touch days..................................................................... 151

79B....... Unpaid parental leave not extended by paid leave or keeping in touch days             152

Subdivision C—Other entitlements                                                                    152

80.......... Unpaid special maternity leave........................................................ 152

81.......... Transfer to a safe job....................................................................... 154

81A....... Paid no safe job leave...................................................................... 154

82.......... Employee on paid no safe job leave may be asked to provide a further medical certificate       155

82A....... Unpaid no safe job leave................................................................. 156

83.......... Consultation with employee on unpaid parental leave..................... 156

84.......... Return to work guarantee................................................................ 156

84A....... Replacement employees.................................................................. 157

85.......... Unpaid pre‑adoption leave.............................................................. 157

Division 6—Annual leave                                                                                       159

86.......... Division applies to employees other than casual employees............ 159

87.......... Entitlement to annual leave.............................................................. 159

88.......... Taking paid annual leave................................................................. 160

89.......... Employee not taken to be on paid annual leave at certain times....... 161

90.......... Payment for annual leave................................................................ 161

91.......... Transfer of employment situations that affect entitlement to payment for period of untaken paid annual leave        161

92.......... Paid annual leave must not be cashed out except in accordance with permitted cashing out terms           162

93.......... Modern awards and enterprise agreements may include terms relating to cashing out and taking paid annual leave........................................................................................................ 162

94.......... Cashing out and taking paid annual leave for award/agreement free employees       163

Division 7—Personal/carer’s leave, compassionate leave and unpaid family and domestic violence leave                                                                                                                    165

Subdivision A—Paid personal/carer’s leave                                                   165

95.......... Subdivision applies to employees other than casual employees...... 165

96.......... Entitlement to paid personal/carer’s leave........................................ 165

97.......... Taking paid personal/carer’s leave.................................................. 165

98.......... Employee taken not to be on paid personal/carer’s leave on public holiday              166

99.......... Payment for paid personal/carer’s leave.......................................... 166

100........ Paid personal/carer’s leave must not be cashed out except in accordance with permitted cashing out terms             166

101........ Modern awards and enterprise agreements may include terms relating to cashing out paid personal/carer’s leave   166

Subdivision B—Unpaid carer’s leave                                                               167

102........ Entitlement to unpaid carer’s leave.................................................. 167

103........ Taking unpaid carer’s leave............................................................. 167

Subdivision C—Compassionate leave                                                               168

104........ Entitlement to compassionate leave................................................. 168

105........ Taking compassionate leave............................................................ 168

106........ Payment for compassionate leave (other than for casual employees) 169

Subdivision CA—Unpaid family and domestic violence leave                   169

106A..... Entitlement to unpaid family and domestic violence leave............... 169

106B..... Taking unpaid family and domestic violence leave.......................... 170

106C..... Confidentiality................................................................................. 171

106D..... Operation of unpaid family and domestic violence leave and leave for victims of crime          171

106E...... Entitlement to days of leave............................................................. 172

Subdivision D—Notice and evidence requirements                                       172

107........ Notice and evidence requirements................................................... 172

Division 8—Community service leave                                                             174

108........ Entitlement to be absent from employment for engaging in eligible community service activity               174

109........ Meaning of eligible community service activity............................... 174

110........ Notice and evidence requirements................................................... 176

111........ Payment to employees (other than casuals) on jury service............. 176

112........ State and Territory laws that are not excluded................................. 178

Division 9—Long service leave                                                                           180

113........ Entitlement to long service leave..................................................... 180

113A..... Enterprise agreements may contain terms discounting service under prior agreements etc. in certain circumstances........................................................................................................ 182

Division 10—Public holidays                                                                                184

114........ Entitlement to be absent from employment on public holiday......... 184

115........ Meaning of public holiday.............................................................. 185

116........ Payment for absence on public holiday........................................... 186

Division 11—Notice of termination and redundancy pay                     187

Subdivision A—Notice of termination or payment in lieu of notice         187

117........ Requirement for notice of termination or payment in lieu................ 187

118........ Modern awards and enterprise agreements may provide for notice of termination by employees            188

Subdivision B—Redundancy pay                                                                       188

119........ Redundancy pay.............................................................................. 188

120........ Variation of redundancy pay for other employment or incapacity to pay  189

121........ Exclusions from obligation to pay redundancy pay......................... 190

122........ Transfer of employment situations that affect the obligation to pay redundancy pay                190

Subdivision C—Limits on scope of this Division                                            192

123........ Limits on scope of this Division..................................................... 192

Division 12—Fair Work Information Statement                                       194

124........ Fair Work Ombudsman to prepare and publish Fair Work Information Statement  194

125........ Giving new employees the Fair Work Information Statement......... 194

Division 13—Miscellaneous                                                                                   196

126........ Modern awards and enterprise agreements may provide for school‑based apprentices and trainees to be paid loadings in lieu.................................................................................................. 196

127........ Regulations about what modern awards and enterprise agreements can do              196

128........ Relationship between National Employment Standards and agreements etc. permitted by this Part for award/agreement free employees................................................................................ 197

129........ Regulations about what can be agreed to etc. in relation to award/agreement free employees   197

130........ Restriction on taking or accruing leave or absence while receiving workers’ compensation    197

131........ Relationship with other Commonwealth laws................................. 198

Part 2‑3—Modern awards                                                                                            199

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        199

132........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 199

133........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 200

Division 2—Overarching provisions                                                                201

134........ The modern awards objective.......................................................... 201

135........ Special provisions relating to modern award minimum wages........ 202

Division 3—Terms of modern awards                                                             203

Subdivision A—Preliminary                                                                               203

136........ What can be included in modern awards......................................... 203

137........ Terms that contravene section 136 have no effect........................... 204

138........ Achieving the modern awards objective.......................................... 204

Subdivision B—Terms that may be included in modern awards               204

139........ Terms that may be included in modern awards—general................ 204

140........ Outworker terms............................................................................. 205

141........ Industry‑specific redundancy schemes............................................ 206

142........ Incidental and machinery terms....................................................... 207

Subdivision C—Terms that must be included in modern awards              208

143........ Coverage terms of modern awards other than modern enterprise awards and State reference public sector modern awards........................................................................................................ 208

143A..... Coverage terms of modern enterprise awards................................. 210

143B..... Coverage terms of State reference public sector modern awards..... 212

144........ Flexibility terms.............................................................................. 213

145........ Effect of individual flexibility arrangement that does not meet requirements of flexibility term                214

145A..... Consultation about changes to rosters or hours of work................. 215

146........ Terms about settling disputes.......................................................... 215

147........ Ordinary hours of work.................................................................. 216

148........ Base and full rates of pay for pieceworkers.................................... 216

149........ Automatic variation of allowances.................................................. 216

149B..... Term requiring avoidance of liability to pay superannuation guarantee charge         217

149C..... Default fund terms.......................................................................... 217

149D..... Default fund term must provide for contributions to be made to certain funds         217

Subdivision D—Terms that must not be included in modern awards       219

150........ Objectionable terms......................................................................... 219

151........ Terms about payments and deductions for benefit of employer etc. 219

152........ Terms about right of entry............................................................... 220

153........ Terms that are discriminatory.......................................................... 220

154........ Terms that contain State‑based differences...................................... 221

155........ Terms dealing with long service leave............................................. 222

Division 4A—4 yearly reviews of default fund terms of modern awards             223

Subdivision A—4 yearly reviews of default fund terms                               223

156A..... 4 yearly reviews of default fund terms............................................ 223

Subdivision B—The first stage of the 4 yearly review                                 224

156B..... Making the Default Superannuation List......................................... 224

156C..... Applications to list a standard MySuper product............................ 224

156D..... Submissions on applications to list a standard MySuper product... 225

156E...... Determining applications to list a standard MySuper product......... 226

156F...... First stage criteria............................................................................ 226

Subdivision C—Second stage of the 4 yearly review                                    227

156G..... Review of the default fund term of modern awards........................ 227

156H..... Default fund term must specify certain superannuation funds......... 228

156J...... Variation to comply with section 149D........................................... 229

156K..... Transitional authorisation for certain superannuation funds............ 229

Subdivision D—The Schedule of Approved Employer MySuper Products 229

156L...... The Schedule of Approved Employer MySuper Products.............. 229

156M.... FWC to invite applications to include employer MySuper products on schedule     230

156N..... Making applications to include employer MySuper products on schedule               230

156P...... FWC to determine applications....................................................... 231

156Q..... The first stage test........................................................................... 232

156R..... Submissions about the first stage test.............................................. 232

156S...... The second stage test....................................................................... 233

156T...... Submissions about the second stage test......................................... 233

Subdivision E—Publishing documents under this Division                         234

156U..... Publishing documents under this Division...................................... 234

Division 5—Exercising modern award powers                                          235

Subdivision A—Exercise of powers if necessary to achieve modern awards objective               235

157........ FWC may vary etc. modern awards if necessary to achieve modern awards objective             235

158........ Applications to vary, revoke or make modern award...................... 236

Subdivision B—Other situations                                                                        238

159........ Variation of modern award to update or omit name of employer, organisation or outworker entity         238

159A..... Variation of default fund term of modern award............................. 239

160........ Variation of modern award to remove ambiguity or uncertainty or correct error      240

161........ Variation of modern award on referral by Australian Human Rights Commission  241

Division 6—General provisions relating to modern award powers 242

162........ General............................................................................................ 242

163........ Special criteria relating to changing coverage of modern awards.... 242

164........ Special criteria for revoking modern awards................................... 243

165........ When variation determinations come into operation, other than determinations setting, varying or revoking modern award minimum wages.............................................................................. 243

166........ When variation determinations setting, varying or revoking modern award minimum wages come into operation  244

167........ Special rules relating to retrospective variations of awards............. 245

168........ Varied modern award must be published........................................ 246

Division 7—Additional provisions relating to modern enterprise awards           247

168A..... Modern enterprise awards............................................................... 247

168B..... The modern enterprise awards objective......................................... 248

168C..... Rules about making and revoking modern enterprise awards......... 248

168D..... Rules about changing coverage of modern enterprise awards......... 250

Division 8—Additional provisions relating to State reference public sector modern awards   251

168E...... State reference public sector modern awards................................... 251

168F...... The State reference public sector modern awards objective............. 251

168G..... Making State reference public sector modern awards on application 252

168H..... State reference public sector modern awards may contain State‑based differences   253

168J...... When State reference public sector modern awards come into operation  253

168K..... Rules about revoking State reference public sector modern awards 254

168L...... Rules about varying coverage of State reference public sector modern awards        255

Part 2‑4—Enterprise agreements                                                                             256

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        256

169........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 256

170........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 257

171........ Objects of this Part.......................................................................... 258

Division 2—Employers and employees may make enterprise agreements          259

172........ Making an enterprise agreement...................................................... 259

Division 3—Bargaining and representation during bargaining        262

173........ Notice of employee representational rights...................................... 262

174........ Content and form of notice of employee representational rights...... 263

176........ Bargaining representatives for proposed enterprise agreements that are not greenfields agreements        264

177........ Bargaining representatives for proposed enterprise agreements that are greenfields agreements              266

178........ Appointment of bargaining representatives—other matters............. 267

178A..... Revocation of appointment of bargaining representatives etc.......... 268

178B..... Notified negotiation period for a proposed single‑enterprise agreement that is a greenfields agreement   269

Division 4—Approval of enterprise agreements                                        270

Subdivision A—Pre‑approval steps and applications for the FWC’s approval             270

179........ Disclosure by organisations that are bargaining representatives...... 270

179A..... Disclosure by employers................................................................. 271

180........ Employees must be given a copy of a proposed enterprise agreement etc.               272

181........ Employers may request employees to approve a proposed enterprise agreement     274

182........ When an enterprise agreement is made............................................ 275

183........ Entitlement of an employee organisation to have an enterprise agreement cover it   276

184........ Multi‑enterprise agreement to be varied if not all employees approve the agreement                277

185........ Bargaining representative must apply for the FWC’s approval of an enterprise agreement      278

185A..... Material that must accompany an application under subsection 182(4) for approval of a greenfields agreement      279

Subdivision B—Approval of enterprise agreements by the FWC             279

186........ When the FWC must approve an enterprise agreement—general requirements        279

187........ When the FWC must approve an enterprise agreement—additional requirements    281

188........ When employees have genuinely agreed to an enterprise agreement 283

188A..... Disclosure documents..................................................................... 284

189........ FWC may approve an enterprise agreement that does not pass better off overall test—public interest test               284

190........ FWC may approve an enterprise agreement with undertakings....... 285

191........ Effect of undertakings..................................................................... 286

192........ When the FWC may refuse to approve an enterprise agreement..... 286

Subdivision C—Better off overall test                                                              287

193........ Passing the better off overall test..................................................... 287

Subdivision D—Unlawful terms                                                                         289

194........ Meaning of unlawful term............................................................... 289

195........ Meaning of discriminatory term..................................................... 290

195A..... Meaning of objectionable emergency management term................ 291

Subdivision E—Approval requirements relating to particular kinds of employees     294

196........ Shiftworkers................................................................................... 294

197........ Pieceworkers—enterprise agreement includes pieceworker term.... 294

198........ Pieceworkers—enterprise agreement does not include a pieceworker term              295

199........ School‑based apprentices and school‑based trainees....................... 295

200........ Outworkers..................................................................................... 296

Subdivision F—Other matters                                                                            296

201........ Approval decision to note certain matters........................................ 296

Division 5—Mandatory terms of enterprise agreements                      298

202........ Enterprise agreements to include a flexibility term etc..................... 298

203........ Requirements to be met by a flexibility term................................... 299

204........ Effect of arrangement that does not meet requirements of flexibility term                300

205........ Enterprise agreements to include a consultation term etc................. 301

Division 6—Base rate of pay under enterprise agreements                303

206........ Base rate of pay under an enterprise agreement must not be less than the modern award rate or the national minimum wage order rate etc.......................................................................... 303

Division 7—Variation and termination of enterprise agreements   305

Subdivision A—Variation of enterprise agreements by employers and employees      305

207........ Variation of an enterprise agreement may be made by employers and employees    305

208........ Employers may request employees to approve a proposed variation of an enterprise agreement              306

209........ When a variation of an enterprise agreement is made...................... 306

210........ Application for the FWC’s approval of a variation of an enterprise agreement        307

211........ When the FWC must approve a variation of an enterprise agreement 307

212........ FWC may approve a variation of an enterprise agreement with undertakings          310

213........ Effect of undertakings..................................................................... 310

214........ When the FWC may refuse to approve a variation of an enterprise agreement         311

215........ Approval decision to note undertakings.......................................... 311

216........ When variation comes into operation.............................................. 312

Subdivision B—Variations of enterprise agreements where there is ambiguity, uncertainty or discrimination  312

217........ Variation of an enterprise agreement to remove an ambiguity or uncertainty            312

217A..... FWC may deal with certain disputes about variations..................... 312

218........ Variation of an enterprise agreement on referral by Australian Human Rights Commission    313

Subdivision C—Termination of enterprise agreements by employers and employees                314

219........ Employers and employees may agree to terminate an enterprise agreement              314

220........ Employers may request employees to approve a proposed termination of an enterprise agreement          314

221........ When termination of an enterprise agreement is agreed to............... 315

222........ Application for the FWC’s approval of a termination of an enterprise agreement    315

223........ When the FWC must approve a termination of an enterprise agreement.. 316

224........ When termination comes into operation.......................................... 317

Subdivision D—Termination of enterprise agreements after nominal expiry date      317

225........ Application for termination of an enterprise agreement after its nominal expiry date                317

226........ When the FWC must terminate an enterprise agreement................. 317

227........ When termination comes into operation.......................................... 318

Division 8—FWC’s general role in facilitating bargaining                  319

Subdivision A—Bargaining orders                                                                   319

228........ Bargaining representatives must meet the good faith bargaining requirements         319

229........ Applications for bargaining orders.................................................. 320

230........ When the FWC may make a bargaining order................................. 321

231........ What a bargaining order must specify............................................. 322

232........ Operation of a bargaining order...................................................... 324

233........ Contravening a bargaining order..................................................... 324

Subdivision B—Serious breach declarations                                                  324

234........ Applications for serious breach declarations................................... 324

235........ When the FWC may make a serious breach declaration.................. 325

Subdivision C—Majority support determinations and scope orders        327

236........ Majority support determinations..................................................... 327

237........ When the FWC must make a majority support determination......... 327

238........ Scope orders................................................................................... 328

239........ Operation of a scope order.............................................................. 330

Subdivision D—FWC may deal with a bargaining dispute on request     331

240........ Application for the FWC to deal with a bargaining dispute............. 331

Division 9—Low‑paid bargaining                                                                      332

241........ Objects of this Division.................................................................. 332

242........ Low‑paid authorisations.................................................................. 332

243........ When the FWC must make a low‑paid authorisation...................... 333

244........ Variation of low‑paid authorisations—general................................ 335

245........ Variation of low‑paid authorisations—enterprise agreement etc. comes into operation            336

246........ FWC’s assistance for the low‑paid................................................. 336

Division 10—Single interest employer authorisations                            338

Subdivision A—Declaration that employers may bargain together for a proposed enterprise agreement            338

247........ Ministerial declaration that employers may bargain together for a proposed enterprise agreement           338

Subdivision B—Single interest employer authorisations                             339

248........ Single interest employer authorisations........................................... 339

249........ When the FWC must make a single interest employer authorisation 339

250........ What a single interest employer authorisation must specify............ 341

251........ Variation of single interest employer authorisations........................ 341

252........ Variation to extend period single interest employer authorisation is in operation     342

Division 11—Other matters                                                                                  343

253........ Terms of an enterprise agreement that are of no effect.................... 343

254........ Applications by bargaining representatives..................................... 343

254A..... Entitlement for volunteer bodies to make submissions.................... 344

255........ Part does not empower the FWC to make certain orders................. 344

255A..... Limitations relating to greenfields agreements................................. 345

256........ Prospective employers and employees............................................ 346

256A..... How employees, employers and employee organisations are to be described          346

257........ Enterprise agreements may incorporate material in force from time to time etc.        346

Part 2‑5—Workplace determinations                                                                    347

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        347

258........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 347

259........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 348

Division 2—Low‑paid workplace determinations                                     349

260........ Applications for low‑paid workplace determinations...................... 349

261........ When the FWC must make a consent low‑paid workplace determination                350

262........ When the FWC must make a special low‑paid workplace determination—general requirements             351

263........ When the FWC must make a special low‑paid workplace determination—additional requirements         352

264........ Terms etc. of a low‑paid workplace determination.......................... 353

265........ No other terms................................................................................ 353

Division 3—Industrial action related workplace determinations     354

266........ When the FWC must make an industrial action related workplace determination     354

267........ Terms etc. of an industrial action related workplace determination.. 355

268........ No other terms................................................................................ 356

Division 4—Bargaining related workplace determinations                 357

269........ When the FWC must make a bargaining related workplace determination               357

270........ Terms etc. of a bargaining related workplace determination............ 358

271........ No other terms................................................................................ 360

271A..... Limitations relating to greenfields agreements................................. 360

Division 5—Core terms, mandatory terms and agreed terms of workplace determinations etc.           361

272........ Core terms of workplace determinations......................................... 361

273........ Mandatory terms of workplace determinations............................... 362

274........ Agreed terms for workplace determinations.................................... 363

275........ Factors the FWC must take into account in deciding terms of a workplace determination        364

Division 6—Operation, coverage and interaction etc. of workplace determinations    365

276........ When a workplace determination operates etc................................. 365

277........ Employers, employees and employee organisations covered by a workplace determination    365

278........ Interaction of a workplace determination with enterprise agreements etc. 366

279........ Act applies to a workplace determination as if it were an enterprise agreement        367

Division 7—Other matters                                                                                     369

280........ Contravening a workplace determination........................................ 369

281........ Applications by bargaining representatives..................................... 369

281AA.. Entitlement for volunteer bodies to make submissions.................... 369

281A..... How employees, employers and employee organisations are to be described          370

Part 2‑6—Minimum wages                                                                                           371

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        371

282........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 371

283........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 372

Division 2—Overarching provisions                                                                373

284........ The minimum wages objective........................................................ 373

Division 3—Annual wage reviews                                                                     375

Subdivision A—Main provisions                                                                        375

285........ Annual wage reviews to be conducted............................................ 375

286........ When annual wage review determinations varying modern awards come into operation         375

287........ When national minimum wage orders come into operation etc........ 376

Subdivision B—Provisions about conduct of annual wage reviews          378

288........ General............................................................................................ 378

289........ Everyone to have a reasonable opportunity to make and comment on submissions 378

290........ President may direct investigations and reports............................... 379

291........ Research must be published............................................................ 380

292........ Varied wage rates must be published.............................................. 380

Division 4—National minimum wage orders                                               381

293........ Contravening a national minimum wage order................................ 381

294........ Content of national minimum wage order—main provisions.......... 381

295........ Content of national minimum wage order—other matters............... 382

296........ Variation of national minimum wage order to remove ambiguity or uncertainty or correct error              383

297........ When determinations varying national minimum wage orders come into operation 383

298........ Special rule about retrospective variations of national minimum wage orders          384

299........ When a national minimum wage order is in operation..................... 385

Part 2‑7—Equal remuneration                                                                                  386

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        386

300........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 386

301........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 386

Division 2—Equal remuneration orders                                                        387

302........ FWC may make an order requiring equal remuneration.................. 387

303........ Equal remuneration order may increase, but must not reduce, rates of remuneration                388

304........ Equal remuneration order may implement equal remuneration in stages.. 388

305........ Contravening an equal remuneration order...................................... 388

306........ Inconsistency with modern awards, enterprise agreements and orders of the FWC 389

Part 2‑8—Transfer of business                                                                                  390

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        390

307........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 390

308........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 390

309........ Object of this Part........................................................................... 391

Division 2—Transfer of instruments                                                                392

310........ Application of this Division............................................................ 392

311........ When does a transfer of business occur.......................................... 392

312........ Instruments that may transfer.......................................................... 394

313........ Transferring employees and new employer covered by transferable instrument       394

314........ New non‑transferring employees of new employer may be covered by transferable instrument              395

315........ Organisations covered by transferable instrument........................... 396

316........ Transferring employees who are high income employees............... 397

Division 3—Powers of the FWC                                                                         399

317........ FWC may make orders in relation to a transfer of business............ 399

318........ Orders relating to instruments covering new employer and transferring employees 399

319........ Orders relating to instruments covering new employer and non‑transferring employees         401

320........ Variation of transferable instruments.............................................. 403

Part 2‑9—Other terms and conditions of employment                               405

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        405

321........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 405

322........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 405

Division 2—Payment of wages etc.                                                                   406

323........ Method and frequency of payment.................................................. 406

324........ Permitted deductions....................................................................... 407

325........ Unreasonable requirements to spend or pay amount....................... 407

326........ Certain terms have no effect............................................................ 408

327........ Things given or provided, and amounts required to be spent or paid, in contravention of this Division  409

Division 3—Guarantee of annual earnings                                                   410

328........ Employer obligations in relation to guarantee of annual earnings.... 410

329........ High income employee.................................................................... 411

330........ Guarantee of annual earnings and annual rate of guarantee............. 412

331........ Guaranteed period........................................................................... 413

332........ Earnings.......................................................................................... 413

333........ High income threshold.................................................................... 414

333A..... Prospective employees.................................................................... 415

Chapter 3—Rights and responsibilities of employees, employers, organisations etc.                                                                                                                       416

Part 3‑1—General protections                                                                                   416

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        416

334........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 416

335........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 416

336........ Objects of this Part.......................................................................... 417

Division 2—Application of this Part                                                                 418

337........ Application of this Part................................................................... 418

338........ Action to which this Part applies..................................................... 418

339........ Additional effect of this Part........................................................... 419

Division 3—Workplace rights                                                                              421

340........ Protection........................................................................................ 421

341........ Meaning of workplace right............................................................ 421

342........ Meaning of adverse action.............................................................. 423

343........ Coercion.......................................................................................... 426

344........ Undue influence or pressure........................................................... 426

345........ Misrepresentations.......................................................................... 427

Division 4—Industrial activities                                                                          428

346........ Protection........................................................................................ 428

347........ Meaning of engages in industrial activity....................................... 428

348........ Coercion.......................................................................................... 429

349........ Misrepresentations.......................................................................... 429

350........ Inducements—membership action.................................................. 430

Division 5—Other protections                                                                             431

351........ Discrimination................................................................................. 431

352........ Temporary absence—illness or injury............................................. 432

353........ Bargaining services fees.................................................................. 432

354........ Coverage by particular instruments................................................. 433

355........ Coercion—allocation of duties etc. to particular person.................. 433

356........ Objectionable terms......................................................................... 434

Division 6—Sham arrangements                                                                        435

357........ Misrepresenting employment as independent contracting arrangement 435

358........ Dismissing to engage as independent contractor............................. 435

359........ Misrepresentation to engage as independent contractor................... 435

Division 7—Ancillary rules                                                                                   437

360........ Multiple reasons for action.............................................................. 437

361........ Reason for action to be presumed unless proved otherwise............ 437

362........ Advising, encouraging, inciting or coercing action......................... 437

363........ Actions of industrial associations.................................................... 437

364........ Unincorporated industrial associations............................................ 439

Division 8—Compliance                                                                                          440

Subdivision A—Contraventions involving dismissal                                    440

365........ Application for the FWC to deal with a dismissal dispute............... 440

366........ Time for application........................................................................ 440

367........ Application fees.............................................................................. 440

368........ Dealing with a dismissal dispute (other than by arbitration)............ 441

369........ Dealing with a dismissal dispute by arbitration............................... 442

370........ Taking a dismissal dispute to court................................................. 443

Subdivision B—Other contraventions                                                              443

372........ Application for the FWC to deal with a non‑dismissal dispute....... 443

373........ Application fees.............................................................................. 444

374........ Conferences.................................................................................... 444

375........ Advice on general protections court application.............................. 444

Subdivision C—Appeals and costs orders                                                        445

375A..... Appeal rights................................................................................... 445

375B..... Costs orders against parties............................................................. 445

376........ Costs orders against lawyers and paid agents................................. 445

377........ Applications for costs orders.......................................................... 446

377A..... Schedule of costs............................................................................ 446

378........ Contravening costs orders............................................................... 447

Part 3‑2—Unfair dismissal                                                                                           448

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        448

379........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 448

380........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 448

381........ Object of this Part........................................................................... 448

Division 2—Protection from unfair dismissal                                              450

382........ When a person is protected from unfair dismissal........................... 450

383........ Meaning of minimum employment period...................................... 450

384........ Period of employment..................................................................... 450

Division 3—What is an unfair dismissal                                                         452

385........ What is an unfair dismissal............................................................. 452

386........ Meaning of dismissed..................................................................... 452

387........ Criteria for considering harshness etc............................................. 453

388........ The Small Business Fair Dismissal Code....................................... 454

389........ Meaning of genuine redundancy..................................................... 454

Division 4—Remedies for unfair dismissal                                                    455

390........ When the FWC may order remedy for unfair dismissal.................. 455

391........ Remedy—reinstatement etc............................................................. 455

392........ Remedy—compensation................................................................. 457

393........ Monetary orders may be in instalments........................................... 458

Division 5—Procedural matters                                                                         459

394........ Application for unfair dismissal remedy......................................... 459

395........ Application fees.............................................................................. 459

396........ Initial matters to be considered before merits.................................. 460

397........ Matters involving contested facts.................................................... 460

398........ Conferences.................................................................................... 460

399........ Hearings.......................................................................................... 461

399A..... Dismissing applications.................................................................. 461

400........ Appeal rights................................................................................... 462

400A..... Costs orders against parties............................................................. 462

401........ Costs orders against lawyers and paid agents................................. 462

402........ Applications for costs orders.......................................................... 463

403........ Schedule of costs............................................................................ 463

404........ Security for costs............................................................................ 464

405........ Contravening orders under this Part................................................ 464

Part 3‑3—Industrial action                                                                                           465

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        465

406........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 465

407........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 466

Division 2—Protected industrial action                                                          467

Subdivision A—What is protected industrial action                                     467

408........ Protected industrial action............................................................... 467

409........ Employee claim action..................................................................... 467

410........ Employee response action............................................................... 469

411........ Employer response action............................................................... 469

412........ Pattern bargaining........................................................................... 470

Subdivision B—Common requirements for industrial action to be protected industrial action                471

413........ Common requirements that apply for industrial action to be protected industrial action           471

414........ Notice requirements for industrial action......................................... 473

Subdivision C—Significance of industrial action being protected industrial action    474

415........ Immunity provision......................................................................... 474

416........ Employer response action—employer may refuse to make payments to employees 474

416A..... Employer response action does not affect continuity of employment 474

Division 3—No industrial action before nominal expiry date of enterprise agreement etc.       476

417........ Industrial action must not be organised or engaged in before nominal expiry date of enterprise agreement etc.       476

Division 4—FWC orders stopping etc. industrial action                       478

418........ FWC must order that industrial action by employees or employers stop etc.            478

419........ FWC must order that industrial action by non‑national system employees or non‑national system employers stop etc......................................................................................................... 479

420........ Interim orders etc............................................................................ 480

421........ Contravening an order etc............................................................... 480

Division 5—Injunction against industrial action if pattern bargaining is being engaged in       482

422........ Injunction against industrial action if a bargaining representative is engaging in pattern bargaining         482

Division 6—Suspension or termination of protected industrial action by the FWC       483

423........ FWC may suspend or terminate protected industrial action—significant economic harm etc.  483

424........ FWC must suspend or terminate protected industrial action—endangering life etc. 485

425........ FWC must suspend protected industrial action—cooling off.......... 486

426........ FWC must suspend protected industrial action—significant harm to a third party   487

427........ FWC must specify the period of suspension................................... 488

428........ Extension of a period of suspension............................................... 489

429........ Employee claim action without a further protected action ballot after a period of suspension etc.            489

430........ Notice of employee claim action engaged in after a period of suspension etc.          490

Division 7—Ministerial declarations                                                                492

431........ Ministerial declaration terminating industrial action........................ 492

432........ Informing people of declaration...................................................... 492

433........ Ministerial directions to remove or reduce threat............................. 493

434........ Contravening a Ministerial direction............................................... 493

Division 8—Protected action ballots                                                                494

Subdivision A—Introduction                                                                               494

435........ Guide to this Division..................................................................... 494

436........ Object of this Division.................................................................... 494

Subdivision B—Protected action ballot orders                                              495

437........ Application for a protected action ballot order................................. 495

438........ Restriction on when application may be made................................. 496

439........ Joint applications............................................................................. 496

440........ Notice of application....................................................................... 497

441........ Application to be determined within 2 days after it is made............ 497

442........ Dealing with multiple applications together..................................... 497

443........ When the FWC must make a protected action ballot order.............. 498

444........ FWC may decide on ballot agent other than the Australian Electoral Commission and independent advisor           499

445........ Notice of protected action ballot order............................................. 500

446........ Protected action ballot order may require 2 or more protected action ballots to be held at the same time  500

447........ Variation of protected action ballot order........................................ 501

448........ Revocation of protected action ballot order..................................... 501

Subdivision C—Conduct of protected action ballot                                      501

449........ Protected action ballot to be conducted by Australian Electoral Commission or other specified ballot agent            501

450........ Directions for conduct of protected action ballot............................. 502

451........ Timetable for protected action ballot................................................ 503

452........ Compilation of roll of voters........................................................... 504

453........ Who is eligible to be included on the roll of voters......................... 504

454........ Variation of roll of voters................................................................ 505

455........ Protected action ballot papers.......................................................... 507

456........ Who may vote in protected action ballot.......................................... 507

457........ Results of protected action ballot..................................................... 507

458........ Report about conduct of protected action ballot............................... 507

Subdivision D—Effect of protected action ballot                                          509

459........ Circumstances in which industrial action is authorised by protected action ballot    509

460........ Immunity for persons who act in good faith on protected action ballot results         510

461........ Validity of protected action ballot etc. not affected by technical breaches 511

Subdivision E—Compliance                                                                                512

462........ Interferences etc. with protected action ballot.................................. 512

463........ Contravening a protected action ballot order etc.............................. 514

Subdivision F—Liability for costs of protected action ballot                     514

464........ Costs of protected action ballot conducted by the Australian Electoral Commission                514

465........ Costs of protected action ballot conducted by protected action ballot agent other than the Australian Electoral Commission.................................................................................... 515

466........ Costs of legal challenges................................................................. 515

Subdivision G—Miscellaneous                                                                           516

467........ Information about employees on roll of voters not to be disclosed. 516

468........ Records........................................................................................... 517

469........ Regulations..................................................................................... 517

Division 9—Payments relating to periods of industrial action           518

Subdivision A—Protected industrial action                                                    518

470........ Payments not to be made relating to certain periods of industrial action 518

471........ Payments relating to partial work bans............................................ 519

472........ Orders by the FWC relating to certain partial work bans................ 521

473........ Accepting or seeking payments relating to periods of industrial action 522

Subdivision B—Industrial action that is not protected industrial action 523

474........ Payments not to be made relating to certain periods of industrial action 523

475........ Accepting or seeking payments relating to periods of industrial action 524

Subdivision C—Miscellaneous                                                                            525

476........ Other responses to industrial action unaffected............................... 525

Division 10—Other matters                                                                                  526

477........ Applications by bargaining representatives..................................... 526

Part 3‑4—Right of entry                                                                                                527

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        527

478........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 527

479........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 527

480........ Object of this Part........................................................................... 528

Division 2—Entry rights under this Act                                                         529

Subdivision A—Entry to investigate suspected contravention                   529

481........ Entry to investigate suspected contravention................................... 529

482........ Rights that may be exercised while on premises............................. 530

483........ Later access to record or document................................................. 531

483AA.. Application to the FWC for access to non‑member records............ 532

Subdivision AA—Entry to investigate suspected contravention relating to TCF award workers             533

483A..... Entry to investigate suspected contravention relating to TCF award workers           533

483B..... Rights that may be exercised while on premises............................. 535

483C..... Later access to record or document................................................. 536

483D..... Entry onto other premises to access records and documents........... 537

483E...... Later access to record or document—other premises...................... 538

Subdivision B—Entry to hold discussions                                                        539

484........ Entry to hold discussions................................................................ 539

Subdivision C—Requirements for permit holders                                         540

486........ Permit holder must not contravene this Subdivision....................... 540

487........ Giving entry notice or exemption certificate.................................... 540

488........ Contravening entry permit conditions............................................. 541

489........ Producing authority documents....................................................... 541

490........ When right may be exercised.......................................................... 542

491........ Occupational health and safety requirements................................... 542

492........ Location of interviews and discussions........................................... 542

492A..... Route to location of interview and discussions............................... 543

493........ Residential premises........................................................................ 543

Division 3—State or Territory OHS rights                                                  544

494........ Official must be permit holder to exercise State or Territory OHS right.. 544

495........ Giving notice of entry..................................................................... 545

496........ Contravening entry permit conditions............................................. 546

497........ Producing entry permit.................................................................... 546

498........ When right may be exercised.......................................................... 546

499........ Occupational health and safety requirements................................... 546

Division 4—Prohibitions                                                                                         548

500........ Permit holder must not hinder or obstruct....................................... 548

501........ Person must not refuse or delay entry............................................. 548

502........ Person must not hinder or obstruct permit holder........................... 548

503........ Misrepresentations about things authorised by this Part................. 549

504........ Unauthorised use or disclosure of information or documents......... 549

Division 5—Powers of the FWC                                                                         551

Subdivision A—Dealing with disputes                                                               551

505........ FWC may deal with a dispute about the operation of this Part........ 551

505A..... FWC may deal with a dispute about frequency of entry to hold discussions            553

506........ Contravening order made to deal with dispute................................ 554

Subdivision B—Taking action against permit holder                                  554

507........ FWC may take action against permit holder.................................... 554

Subdivision C—Restricting rights of organisations and officials where misuse of rights           555

508........ FWC may restrict rights if organisation or official has misused rights 555

509........ Contravening order made for misuse of rights................................ 556

Subdivision D—When the FWC must revoke or suspend entry permits  556

510........ When the FWC must revoke or suspend entry permits................... 556

Subdivision E—General rules for suspending entry permits                      558

511........ General rules for suspending entry permits..................................... 558

Division 6—Entry permits, entry notices and certificates                    559

Subdivision A—Entry permits                                                                            559

512........ FWC may issue entry permits......................................................... 559

513........ Considering application................................................................... 559

514........ When the FWC must not issue permit............................................. 560

515........ Conditions on entry permit.............................................................. 560

516........ Expiry of entry permit..................................................................... 561

517........ Return of entry permits to the FWC................................................ 562

Subdivision B—Entry notices                                                                             562

518........ Entry notice requirements................................................................ 562

Subdivision C—Exemption certificates                                                            564

519........ Exemption certificates..................................................................... 564

Subdivision D—Affected member certificates                                                565

520........ Affected member certificates........................................................... 565

Subdivision E—Miscellaneous                                                                            565

521........ Regulations dealing with instruments under this Part...................... 565

Division 7—Accommodation and transport arrangements in remote areas      567

521A..... Meaning of accommodation arrangement...................................... 567

521B..... Meaning of transport arrangement................................................ 567

521C..... Accommodation arrangements for remote areas.............................. 568

521D..... Transport arrangements for remote areas........................................ 569

Part 3‑5—Stand down                                                                                                     571

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        571

522........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 571

523........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 571

Division 2—Circumstances allowing stand down                                      572

524........ Employer may stand down employees in certain circumstances...... 572

525........ Employee not stood down during a period of authorised leave or absence               573

Division 3—Dealing with disputes                                                                      574

526........ FWC may deal with a dispute about the operation of this Part........ 574

527........ Contravening an FWC order dealing with a dispute about the operation of this Part                574

Part 3‑6—Other rights and responsibilities                                                        575

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        575

528........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 575

529........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 575

Division 2—Notification and consultation relating to certain dismissals              576

Subdivision A—Requirement to notify Centrelink                                        576

530........ Employer to notify Centrelink of certain proposed dismissals........ 576

Subdivision B—Failure to notify or consult registered employee associations             577

531........ FWC may make orders where failure to notify or consult registered employee associations about dismissals         577

532........ Orders that the FWC may make...................................................... 578

533........ Application for an FWC order........................................................ 579

Subdivision C—Limits on scope of this Division                                            579

534........ Limits on scope of this Division..................................................... 579

Division 3—Employer obligations in relation to employee records and pay slips           581

535........ Employer obligations in relation to employee records..................... 581

536........ Employer obligations in relation to pay slips................................... 581

Part 3‑7—Corrupting benefits                                                                                   583

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        583

536A..... Guide to this Part............................................................................ 583

536B..... Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 583

536C..... Concurrent operation of State and Territory laws............................ 583

536CA.. Dishonesty...................................................................................... 584

Division 2—Giving, receiving or soliciting corrupting benefits         585

536D..... Giving, receiving or soliciting a corrupting benefit......................... 585

536E...... Meaning of registered organisations officer or employee................ 587

Division 3—Cash or in kind payments to employee organisations etc.  589

536F...... Giving a cash or in kind payment.................................................... 589

536G..... Receiving or soliciting a cash or in kind payment........................... 591

536H..... Implied freedom of political communication................................... 592


An Act relating to workplace relations, and for related purposes

Chapter 1Introduction

Part 1‑1Introduction

Division 1Preliminary

1  Short title

                   This Act may be cited as the Fair Work Act 2009.

2  Commencement

             (1)  Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Commencement information

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Provision(s)

Commencement

Date/Details

1.  Sections 1 and 2 and anything in this Act not elsewhere covered by this table

The day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent.

7 April 2009

2.  Sections 3 to 40

A single day to be fixed by Proclamation.

However, if any of the provision(s) do not commence within the period of 12 months beginning on the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent, they commence on the first day after the end of that period.

26 May 2009

(see F2009L01818)

3.  Sections 41 to 572

A day or days to be fixed by Proclamation.

A Proclamation must not specify a day that occurs before the day on which the Fair Work (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 2009 receives the Royal Assent.

However, if any of the provision(s) do not commence within the period of 12 months beginning on the day on which the Fair Work (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 2009 receives the Royal Assent, they commence on the first day after the end of that period.

Sections 41–43, 50–54, 58, 169–281A, 300–327, 332, 333, 334–572: 1 July 2009 (see F2009L02563)

Sections 44–49, 55–57A, 59–168, 282–299, 328–331, 333A: 1 January 2010 (see F2009L02563)

4.  Sections 573 to 718

At the same time as the provision(s) covered by table item 2.

26 May 2009

5.  Sections 719 to 800

A day or days to be fixed by Proclamation.

A Proclamation must not specify a day that occurs before the day on which the Fair Work (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 2009 receives the Royal Assent.

However, if any of the provision(s) do not commence within the period of 12 months beginning on the day on which the Fair Work (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 2009 receives the Royal Assent, they commence on the first day after the end of that period.

Sections 719–740, 769–800: 1 July 2009 (see F2009L02563)

Sections 741–768: 1 January 2010 (see F2009L02563)

6.  Schedule 1

At the same time as the provision(s) covered by table item 2.

26 May 2009

Note:          This table relates only to the provisions of this Act as originally passed by both Houses of the Parliament and assented to. It will not be expanded to deal with provisions inserted in this Act after assent.

             (2)  Column 3 of the table contains additional information that is not part of this Act. Information in this column may be added to or edited in any published version of this Act.

Division 2Object of this Act

3  Object of this Act

                   The object of this Act is to provide a balanced framework for cooperative and productive workplace relations that promotes national economic prosperity and social inclusion for all Australians by:

                     (a)  providing workplace relations laws that are fair to working Australians, are flexible for businesses, promote productivity and economic growth for Australia’s future economic prosperity and take into account Australia’s international labour obligations; and

                     (b)  ensuring a guaranteed safety net of fair, relevant and enforceable minimum terms and conditions through the National Employment Standards, modern awards and national minimum wage orders; and

                     (c)  ensuring that the guaranteed safety net of fair, relevant and enforceable minimum wages and conditions can no longer be undermined by the making of statutory individual employment agreements of any kind given that such agreements can never be part of a fair workplace relations system; and

                     (d)  assisting employees to balance their work and family responsibilities by providing for flexible working arrangements; and

                     (e)  enabling fairness and representation at work and the prevention of discrimination by recognising the right to freedom of association and the right to be represented, protecting against unfair treatment and discrimination, providing accessible and effective procedures to resolve grievances and disputes and providing effective compliance mechanisms; and

                      (f)  achieving productivity and fairness through an emphasis on enterprise‑level collective bargaining underpinned by simple good faith bargaining obligations and clear rules governing industrial action; and

                     (g)  acknowledging the special circumstances of small and medium‑sized businesses.

Division 3Guide to this Act

4  Guide to this Act

Overview of this Act

             (1)  This Act is about workplace relations. It:

                     (a)  provides for terms and conditions of employment (Chapter 2); and

                     (b)  sets out rights and responsibilities of employees, employers and organisations in relation to that employment (Chapter 3); and

                     (c)  provides for compliance with, and enforcement of, this Act (Chapter 4); and

                     (d)  provides for the administration of this Act by establishing the Fair Work Commission and the Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman (Chapter 5); and

                     (e)  deals with other matters relating to the above (Chapter 6).

Overview of the rest of this Chapter

             (2)  The rest of this Chapter deals with:

                     (a)  definitions that are used in this Act (Part 1‑2); and

                     (b)  the application of this Act (Part 1‑3), including how this Act interacts with certain State and Territory laws and its geographical application.

Definitions

             (3)  Many of the terms in this Act are defined. The Dictionary in section 12 contains a list of every term that is defined in this Act.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for amendments

             (4)  Schedule 1 contains application, saving and transitional provisions relating to amendments of this Act.

5  Terms and conditions of employment (Chapter 2)

             (1)  Chapter 2 provides for terms and conditions of employment of national system employees.

             (2)  Part 2‑1 has the core provisions for the Chapter. It deals with compliance with, and interaction between, the sources of the main terms and conditions provided under this Act—the National Employment Standards, modern awards and enterprise agreements.

Note:          Workplace determinations are another source of main terms and conditions. In most cases, this Act applies to a workplace determination as if it were an enterprise agreement in operation (see section 279).

Main terms and conditions

             (3)  Part 2‑2 contains the National Employment Standards, which are minimum terms and conditions that apply to all national system employees.

             (4)  Part 2‑3 is about modern awards. A modern award is made for a particular industry or occupation and provides additional minimum terms and conditions for those national system employees to whom it applies. A modern award can have terms that are ancillary or supplementary to the National Employment Standards.

             (5)  Part 2‑4 is about enterprise agreements. An enterprise agreement is made at the enterprise level and provides terms and conditions for those national system employees to whom it applies. An enterprise agreement can have terms that are ancillary or supplementary to the National Employment Standards.

             (6)  Part 2‑5 is about workplace determinations. A workplace determination provides terms and conditions for those national system employees to whom it applies. A workplace determination is made by the FWC if certain conditions are met.

             (7)  Part 2‑8 provides for the transfer of certain modern awards, enterprise agreements, workplace determinations and other instruments if there is a transfer of business from one national system employer to another national system employer.

Other terms and conditions

             (8)  In addition, other terms and conditions of employment for national system employees include those:

                     (a)  provided by a national minimum wage order (see Part 2‑6) or an equal remuneration order (see Part 2‑7); and

                     (b)  provided by Part 2‑9 (which deals with the frequency and method of making payments to employees, deductions from payments and high‑income employees).

6  Rights and responsibilities of employees, employers, organisations etc. (Chapter 3)

             (1)  Chapter 3 sets out rights and responsibilities of national system employees, national system employers, organisations and others (such as independent contractors and industrial associations).

             (2)  Part 3‑1 provides general workplace protections. It:

                     (a)  protects workplace rights; and

                     (b)  protects freedom of association and involvement in lawful industrial activities; and

                     (c)  provides other protections, including protection from discrimination.

             (3)  Part 3‑2 deals with unfair dismissal of national system employees, and the granting of remedies when that happens.

             (4)  Part 3‑3 deals mainly with industrial action by national system employees and national system employers and sets out when industrial action is protected industrial action. No action lies under any law in force in a State or Territory in relation to protected industrial action except in certain circumstances.

             (5)  Part 3‑4 is about the rights of officials of organisations who hold entry permits to enter premises for purposes related to their representative role under this Act and under State or Territory OHS laws. In exercising those rights, permit holders must comply with the requirements set out in the Part.

             (6)  Part 3‑5 allows a national system employer to stand down a national system employee without pay in certain circumstances.

             (7)  Part 3‑6 deals with other rights and responsibilities of national system employers in relation to:

                     (a)  termination of employment; and

                     (b)  keeping records and giving payslips.

             (8)  Part 3‑7 deals with offences in relation to corrupting benefits.

7  Compliance and enforcement (Chapter 4)

             (1)  Chapter 4 provides for compliance with, and enforcement of, this Act.

             (2)  Part 4‑1 is about civil remedies. Certain provisions in this Act impose obligations on certain persons. Civil remedies may be sought in relation to contraventions of these civil remedy provisions. Part 4‑1:

                     (a)  deals with applications for orders for contraventions of civil remedy provisions; and

                     (b)  sets out the orders the courts can make in relation to a contravention of a civil remedy provision.

             (3)  Part 4‑2 is about the jurisdiction and powers of the courts in relation to matters arising under this Act.

8  Administration (Chapter 5)

             (1)  Chapter 5 provides for the administration of this Act by establishing the Fair Work Commission and the Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman.

             (2)  Part 5‑1 is about the Fair Work Commission. It:

                     (a)  establishes and confers functions on the FWC; and

                     (b)  sets out how matters before the FWC are to be conducted (for example, how the FWC is to deal with applications made to it).

             (3)  Part 5‑2 is about the Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman. It:

                     (a)  establishes and confers functions on the Fair Work Ombudsman; and

                     (b)  confers functions and powers on Fair Work Inspectors.

9  Miscellaneous (Chapter 6)

             (1)  Chapter 6 is a collection of miscellaneous matters that relate to the other Chapters.

             (2)  Part 6‑1 provides rules relating to applications for remedies under this Act. It prevents certain applications if other remedies are available and prevents multiple applications or complaints in relation to the same conduct.

             (3)  Part 6‑2 is about dealing with disputes between national system employees and their employers under modern awards, enterprise agreements and contracts of employment.

             (4)  Part 6‑3 extends the National Employment Standards relating to unpaid parental leave and notice of termination to non‑national system employees.

          (4A)  Part 6‑3A provides for the transfer of terms and conditions of employment that are provided for in particular State industrial instruments if there is a transfer of business from a non‑national system employer that is a State public sector employer of the State to a national system employer.

             (5)  Part 6‑4 contains provisions to give effect, or further effect, to certain international agreements relating to termination of employment.

          (5A)  Part 6‑4A contains special provisions about TCF outworkers.

          (5B)  Part 6‑4B allows a worker who has been bullied at work to apply to the FWC for an order to stop the bullying.

             (6)  Part 6‑5 deals with miscellaneous matters such as delegations and regulations.

9A  Application, transitional and saving provisions for amendments (Schedules)

                   The Schedules contain application, transitional and saving provisions relating to amendments of this Act.

Note:          Application, transitional and saving provisions relating to the enactment of this Act, and States becoming referring States, are in the Transitional Act.

Part 1‑2Definitions

Division 1Introduction

10  Guide to this Part

This Part is about the terms that are defined in this Act.

Division 2 has the Dictionary (see section 12). The Dictionary is a list of every term that is defined in this Act. A term will either be defined in the Dictionary itself, or in another provision of this Act. If another provision defines the term, the Dictionary will have a signpost to that definition.

Division 3 has definitions relating to the meanings of employee and employer.

Division 4 has some other definitions that apply across this Act.

11  Meanings of employee and employer

                   In this Part, employee and employer have their ordinary meanings.

Note:          See also Division 2 of Part 6‑4A (TCF contract outworkers taken to be employees in certain circumstances).

Division 2The Dictionary

12  The Dictionary

                   In this Act:

AAT presidential member means a person who is a presidential member of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal under the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975.

access period for a proposed enterprise agreement: see subsection 180(4).

accommodation arrangement: see subsections 521A(1) and (2).

action includes an omission.

adoption‑related leave: see subsection 67(5).

adverse action: see section 342.

affected employees for a variation of an enterprise agreement: see subsection 207(2).

affected employer:

                     (a)  in relation to an entry under Subdivision A of Division 2 of Part 3‑4: see subsection 482(2); and

                    (aa)  in relation to an entry under section 483A other than a designated outworker terms entry: see paragraph 483B(3)(a); and

                   (ab)  in relation to a designated outworker terms entry under section 483A: see paragraph 483B(3)(b); and

                     (b)  in relation to an entry in accordance with Division 3 of Part 3‑4: see paragraph 495(2)(a); and

                     (c)  in relation to a State or Territory OHS right to inspect or otherwise access an employee record: see paragraph 495(2)(b).

affected member certificate: see subsection 520(1).

Age Discrimination Commissioner means the Age Discrimination Commissioner appointed under the Age Discrimination Act 2004.

agreed terms for a workplace determination: see section 274.

agreed to in relation to a termination of an enterprise agreement: see section 221.

annual rate of an employee’s guaranteed annual earnings: see subsection 330(3).

annual wage review: see subsection 285(1).

anti‑discrimination law: see subsection 351(3).

apparent indirectly responsible entity: see subsection 789CC(2).

applicable agreement‑derived long service leave terms: see subsection 113(5).

applicable award‑derived long service leave terms: see subsection 113(3).

application or complaint under another law: see subsection 732(2).

applies:

                     (a)  in relation to a modern award: see section 47; and

                     (b)  in relation to an enterprise agreement: see section 52; and

                     (c)  in relation to a copied State instrument: see section 768AM.

applies to employment generally: see subsection 26(4).

appointment of a bargaining representative means an appointment of a bargaining representative under paragraph 176(1)(c) or (d) or 177(c).

appropriate safe job: see subsection 81(3).

approved by the FWC, in relation to an enterprise agreement, means approved by the FWC under section 186 or 189.

associated entity has the meaning given by section 50AAA of the Corporations Act 2001.

Australia means the Commonwealth of Australia and, when used in a geographical sense, includes Norfolk Island, the Territory of Christmas Island and the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands, but does not include any other external Territory.

Australian‑based employee: see subsections 35(2) and (3).

Australian employer: see subsection 35(1).

Australian ship means a ship that has Australian nationality under section 29 of the Shipping Registration Act 1981.

authority documents: see subsection 489(3).

available parental leave period: see subsection 75(2).

award/agreement free employee means a national system employee to whom neither a modern award nor an enterprise agreement applies.

award covered employee for an enterprise agreement: see subsection 193(4).

award modernisation process means:

                     (a)  the process of making modern awards under Part 10A of the Workplace Relations Act 1996, as continued by Part 2 of Schedule 5 of the Transitional Act; and

                     (b)  the enterprise instrument modernisation process provided for by Part 2 of Schedule 6 of the Transitional Act; and

                     (c)  the State reference public sector transitional award modernisation process provided for by Part 2 of Schedule 6A of the Transitional Act.

ballot paper: see subsection 455(2).

bargaining order: see subsection 229(1).

bargaining related workplace determination: see subsection 269(1).

bargaining representative for a proposed enterprise agreement: see sections 176 and 177.

bargaining services: see subsection 353(3).

bargaining services fee: see subsection 353(2).

base rate of pay: see section 16.

birth‑related leave: see subsection 67(4).

bullied at work: see subsection 789FD(1).

cash or in kind payment: see subsection 536F(4).

child of a person: see subsection 17(1).

civil remedy provision: see subsections 539(1) and (3).

close relative: see subsection 106B(3).

Commissioner means a Commissioner of the FWC.

common requirements in relation to industrial action: see section 413.

Commonwealth means the Commonwealth of Australia and, when used in a geographical sense, includes Norfolk Island, the Territory of Christmas Island and the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands, but does not include any other external Territory.

Commonwealth authority means:

                     (a)  a body corporate established for a public purpose by or under a law of the Commonwealth; or

                     (b)  a body corporate:

                              (i)  incorporated under a law of the Commonwealth or a State or a Territory; and

                             (ii)  in which the Commonwealth has a controlling interest.

Commonwealth Ombudsman means the person for the time being holding office as Ombudsman under the Ombudsman Act 1976.

Commonwealth outworker entity means an entity that is an outworker entity otherwise than because of section 30F or 30Q.

Note:          Sections 30F and 30Q extend the meaning of outworker entity in relation to a referring State.

Commonwealth place means a place referred to in paragraph 52(i) of the Constitution, other than the seat of government.

compassionate leave means compassionate leave to which a national system employee is entitled under section 104.

complaint about an FWC Member means a complaint referred to in paragraph 581A(1)(a) or section 641A.

complaint handler means:

                     (a)  the President; or

                     (b)  a person who is authorised by the President under subsection 581A(3); or

                     (c)  a person who is a member of a body that is authorised by the President under subsection 581A(3).

compliance powers: see section 703.

compliance purposes: see subsection 706(1).

concurrent leave: see subsection 72(5).

conduct includes an omission.

conduct of a protected action ballot: see subsection 458(5).

connected with a Territory: an arrangement for work to be performed for a person (either directly or indirectly) is connected with a Territory if one or more of the following apply:

                     (a)  at the time the arrangement is made, one or more parties to the arrangement is in a Territory in Australia;

                     (b)  the work is to be performed in such a Territory;

                     (c)  the person carries on an activity (whether of a commercial, governmental or other nature) in such a Territory, and the work is reasonably likely to be performed in that Territory;

                     (d)  the person carries on an activity (whether of a commercial, governmental or other nature) in such a Territory, and the work is to be performed in connection with that activity.

Note:          In this context, Australia includes Norfolk Island, the Territory of Christmas Island and the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands (see the definition of Australia).

consent low‑paid workplace determination: see subsection 260(2).

consistent with the Small Business Fair Dismissal Code: see subsection 388(2).

consolidation order:

                     (a)  in relation to a transferring employee—see subsection 768BD(1); and

                     (b)  in relation to a non‑transferring employee—see subsection 768BG(1).

constitutional corporation means a corporation to which paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution applies.

constitutionally‑covered business: see subsection 789FD(3).

constitutionally‑covered entity: see subsection 338(2).

constitutional trade or commerce means trade or commerce:

                     (a)  between Australia and a place outside Australia; or

                     (b)  among the States; or

                     (c)  between a State and a Territory; or

                     (d)  between 2 Territories; or

                     (e)  within a Territory.

continental shelf means:

                     (a)  the continental shelf (as defined in the Seas and Submerged Lands Act 1973) of Australia (including its external Territories); and

                     (b)  the Greater Sunrise special regime area (as defined in the Seas and Submerged Lands Act 1973).

continuous service has a meaning affected by section 22.

copied State award: see subsection 768AI(1).

copied State collective employment agreement: see subsection 768AK(4).

copied State employment agreement: see subsection 768AK(1).

copied State individual employment agreement: see subsection 768AK(5).

copied State instrument: see section 768AH.

corporate MySuper product: see subsection 23A(3).

coverage terms:

                     (a)  in relation to a modern award (other than a modern enterprise award): see section 143; and

                     (b)  in relation to a modern enterprise award: see section 143A; and

                     (c)  in relation to a State reference public sector modern award: see section 143B.

covers:

                     (a)  in relation to a modern award: see section 48; and

                     (b)  in relation to an enterprise agreement: see section 53; and

                     (c)  in relation to a workplace determination: see section 277; and

                     (d)  in relation to a copied State instrument: see section 768AN.

day of placement: see subsection 67(6).

de facto partner of a national system employee:

                     (a)  means a person who, although not legally married to the employee, lives with the employee in a relationship as a couple on a genuine domestic basis (whether the employee and the person are of the same sex or different sexes); and

                     (b)  includes a former de facto partner of the employee.

default fund employee: see subsection 149C(2).

default fund term: see subsection 149C(2).

Default Superannuation List: see subsection 156B(1).

defined benefit member has the meaning given by the Superannuation Guarantee (Administration) Act 1992.

Deputy President means a Deputy President of the FWC.

designated emergency management body: see subsections 195A(4) and (5).

designated outworker term of a modern award, enterprise agreement, workplace determination or other instrument, means any of the following terms, so far as the term relates to outworkers in the textile, clothing or footwear industry:

                     (a)  a term that deals with the registration of an employer or outworker entity;

                     (b)  a term that deals with the making and retaining of, or access to, records about work to which outworker terms of a modern award apply;

                     (c)  a term imposing conditions under which an arrangement may be entered into by an employer or an outworker entity for the performance of work, where the work is of a kind that is often performed by outworkers;

                     (d)  a term relating to the liability of an employer or outworker entity for work undertaken by an outworker under such an arrangement, including a term which provides for the outworker to make a claim against an employer or outworker entity;

                     (e)  a term that requires minimum pay or other conditions, including the National Employment Standards, to be applied to an outworker who is not an employee;

                      (f)  any other terms prescribed by the regulations.

designated outworker terms entry: see subsection 483A(5).

directly, when used in relation to TCF work: see section 17A.

Disability Discrimination Commissioner means the Disability Discrimination Commissioner appointed under the Disability Discrimination Act 1992.

discriminatory term of an enterprise agreement: see section 195.

dismissal remedy bargaining order application: see subsection 726(2).

dismissed: see section 386.

earnings: see