Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

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Fair Work Act 2009

Authoritative Version
Act No. 28 of 2009 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Coronavirus Economic Response Package (Jobkeeper Payments) Amendment Act 2020
An Act relating to workplace relations, and for related purposes
Administered by: Attorney-General's
Registered 16 Sep 2020
Start Date 04 Sep 2020

Commonwealth Coat of Arms of Australia

Fair Work Act 2009

No. 28, 2009

Compilation No. 38

Compilation date:                              4 September 2020

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 81, 2020

Registered:                                         16 September 2020

This compilation is in 2 volumes

Volume 1:       sections 1–536H

Volume 2:       sections 537–800

                        Schedules

                        Endnotes

Each volume has its own contents

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Fair Work Act 2009 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 4 September 2020 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Chapter 1—Introduction                                                                                       1

Part 1‑1—Introduction                                                                                                       1

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                              1

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 1

Division 2—Object of this Act                                                                                 4

3............ Object of this Act................................................................................ 4

Division 3—Guide to this Act                                                                                   6

4............ Guide to this Act................................................................................. 6

5............ Terms and conditions of employment (Chapter 2).............................. 7

6............ Rights and responsibilities of employees, employers, organisations etc. (Chapter 3)               8

7............ Compliance and enforcement (Chapter 4)........................................... 9

8............ Administration (Chapter 5)................................................................. 9

9............ Miscellaneous (Chapter 6)................................................................ 10

9A......... Application, transitional and saving provisions for amendments (Schedules)          11

Part 1‑2—Definitions                                                                                                         12

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                          12

10.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 12

11.......... Meanings of employee and employer................................................ 12

Division 2—The Dictionary                                                                                     13

12.......... The Dictionary.................................................................................. 13

Division 3—Definitions relating to the meanings of employee, employer etc.    47

13.......... Meaning of national system employee.............................................. 47

14.......... Meaning of national system employer.............................................. 47

14A....... Transitional matters relating to employers etc. becoming, or ceasing to be, national system employers etc.             49

15.......... Ordinary meanings of employee and employer................................. 50

Division 4—Other definitions                                                                                 51

16.......... Meaning of base rate of pay............................................................. 51

17.......... Meaning of child of a person............................................................ 52

17A....... Meaning of directly and indirectly (in relation to TCF work)............ 52

18.......... Meaning of full rate of pay................................................................ 53

19.......... Meaning of industrial action............................................................. 54

20.......... Meaning of ordinary hours of work for award/agreement free employees               55

21.......... Meaning of pieceworker................................................................... 56

22.......... Meanings of service and continuous service..................................... 57

23.......... Meaning of small business employer................................................ 60

23A....... Terms relating to superannuation...................................................... 61

Part 1‑3—Application of this Act                                                                               63

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                          63

24.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 63

25.......... Meanings of employee and employer................................................ 63

Division 2—Interaction with State and Territory laws                            64

26.......... Act excludes State or Territory industrial laws.................................. 64

27.......... State and Territory laws that are not excluded by section 26............. 66

28.......... Act excludes prescribed State and Territory laws.............................. 67

29.......... Interaction of modern awards and enterprise agreements with State and Territory laws           68

30.......... Act may exclude State and Territory laws etc. in other cases............ 68

Division 2A—Application of this Act in States that refer matters before 1 July 2009  69

30A....... Meaning of terms used in this Division............................................ 69

30B....... Meaning of referring State................................................................ 74

30C....... Extended meaning of national system employee............................... 77

30D....... Extended meaning of national system employer............................... 77

30E........ Extended ordinary meanings of employee and employer................... 78

30F........ Extended meaning of outworker entity.............................................. 78

30G....... General protections........................................................................... 79

30H....... Division only has effect if supported by reference............................ 79

Division 2B—Application of this Act in States that refer matters after 1 July 2009 but on or before 1 January 2010                                                                                    80

30K....... Meaning of terms used in this Division............................................ 80

30L........ Meaning of referring State................................................................ 85

30M...... Extended meaning of national system employee............................... 88

30N....... Extended meaning of national system employer............................... 88

30P........ Extended ordinary meanings of employee and employer................... 89

30Q....... Extended meaning of outworker entity.............................................. 89

30R....... General protections........................................................................... 90

30S........ Division only has effect if supported by reference............................ 90

Division 3—Geographical application of this Act                                       91

31.......... Exclusion of persons etc. insufficiently connected with Australia..... 91

32.......... Regulations may modify application of this Act in certain parts of Australia           91

32A....... Rules may modify application of this Act in Norfolk Island............. 92

33.......... Extension of this Act to the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf       93

34.......... Extension of this Act beyond the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf               94

35.......... Meanings of Australian employer and Australian‑based employee.. 96

35A....... Regulations excluding application of Act.......................................... 97

36.......... Geographical application of offences................................................ 97

Division 4—Miscellaneous                                                                                       98

37.......... Act binds Crown............................................................................... 98

38.......... Act not to apply so as to exceed Commonwealth power................... 98

39.......... Acquisition of property..................................................................... 99

40.......... Interaction between fair work instruments and public sector employment laws       99

40A....... Application of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.............................. 100

Chapter 2—Terms and conditions of employment                101

Part 2‑1—Core provisions for this Chapter                                                      101

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        101

41.......... Guide to this Part............................................................................ 101

42.......... Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 102

Division 2—Core provisions for this Chapter                                             103

Subdivision A—Terms and conditions of employment provided under this Act            103

43.......... Terms and conditions of employment provided under this Act....... 103

Subdivision B—Terms and conditions of employment provided by the National Employment Standards            104

44.......... Contravening the National Employment Standards......................... 104

Subdivision C—Terms and conditions of employment provided by a modern award 104

45.......... Contravening a modern award........................................................ 104

46.......... The significance of a modern award applying to a person............... 104

47.......... When a modern award applies to an employer, employee, organisation or outworker entity   105

48.......... When a modern award covers an employer, employee, organisation or outworker entity        106

49.......... When a modern award is in operation............................................. 107

Subdivision D—Terms and conditions of employment provided by an enterprise agreement  108

50.......... Contravening an enterprise agreement............................................. 108

51.......... The significance of an enterprise agreement applying to a person... 108

52.......... When an enterprise agreement applies to an employer, employee or employee organisation    108

53.......... When an enterprise agreement covers an employer, employee or employee organisation         109

54.......... When an enterprise agreement is in operation................................. 110

Division 3—Interaction between the National Employment Standards, modern awards and enterprise agreements                                                                                           112

Subdivision A—Interaction between the National Employment Standards and a modern award or an enterprise agreement                                                                                   112

55.......... Interaction between the National Employment Standards and a modern award or enterprise agreement  112

56.......... Terms of a modern award or enterprise agreement contravening section 55 have no effect      114

Subdivision B—Interaction between modern awards and enterprise agreements         115

57.......... Interaction between modern awards and enterprise agreements...... 115

57A....... Designated outworker terms of a modern award continue to apply. 115

Subdivision C—Interaction between one or more enterprise agreements 116

58.......... Only one enterprise agreement can apply to an employee............... 116

Part 2‑2—The National Employment Standards                                           118

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        118

59.......... Guide to this Part............................................................................ 118

60.......... Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 119

Division 2—The National Employment Standards                                   120

61.......... The National Employment Standards are minimum standards applying to employment of employees     120

Division 3—Maximum weekly hours                                                                121

62.......... Maximum weekly hours................................................................. 121

63.......... Modern awards and enterprise agreements may provide for averaging of hours of work        122

64.......... Averaging of hours of work for award/agreement free employees. 123

Division 4—Requests for flexible working arrangements                    124

65.......... Requests for flexible working arrangements................................... 124

66.......... State and Territory laws that are not excluded................................. 126

Division 5—Parental leave and related entitlements                               127

Subdivision A—General                                                                                       127

67.......... General rule—employee must have completed at least 12 months of service           127

68.......... General rule for adoption‑related leave—child must be under 16 etc. 129

69.......... Transfer of employment situations in which employee is entitled to continue on leave etc.      129

Subdivision B—Parental leave                                                                           130

70.......... Entitlement to unpaid parental leave................................................ 130

71.......... The period of leave—other than for members of an employee couple who each intend to take leave       130

72.......... The period of leave—members of an employee couple who each intend to take leave             132

73.......... Pregnant employee may be required to take unpaid parental leave within 6 weeks before the birth          134

74.......... Notice and evidence requirements................................................... 136

75.......... Extending period of unpaid parental leave—extending to use more of available parental leave period     137

76.......... Extending period of unpaid parental leave—extending for up to 12 months beyond available parental leave period........................................................................................................ 139

77.......... Reducing period of unpaid parental leave........................................ 140

77A....... Pregnancy ends (other than by birth of a living child) or child born alive dies         140

78.......... Employee who ceases to have responsibility for care of child......... 142

79.......... Interaction with paid leave............................................................... 143

79A....... Keeping in touch days..................................................................... 143

79B....... Unpaid parental leave not extended by paid leave or keeping in touch days             144

Subdivision C—Other entitlements                                                                    145

80.......... Unpaid special maternity leave........................................................ 145

81.......... Transfer to a safe job....................................................................... 146

81A....... Paid no safe job leave...................................................................... 147

82.......... Employee on paid no safe job leave may be asked to provide a further medical certificate       147

82A....... Unpaid no safe job leave................................................................. 148

83.......... Consultation with employee on unpaid parental leave..................... 148

84.......... Return to work guarantee................................................................ 149

84A....... Replacement employees.................................................................. 149

85.......... Unpaid pre‑adoption leave.............................................................. 150

Division 6—Annual leave                                                                                       152

86.......... Division applies to employees other than casual employees............ 152

87.......... Entitlement to annual leave.............................................................. 152

88.......... Taking paid annual leave................................................................. 153

89.......... Employee not taken to be on paid annual leave at certain times....... 154

90.......... Payment for annual leave................................................................ 154

91.......... Transfer of employment situations that affect entitlement to payment for period of untaken paid annual leave        154

92.......... Paid annual leave must not be cashed out except in accordance with permitted cashing out terms           155

93.......... Modern awards and enterprise agreements may include terms relating to cashing out and taking paid annual leave........................................................................................................ 155

94.......... Cashing out and taking paid annual leave for award/agreement free employees       156

Division 7—Personal/carer’s leave, compassionate leave and unpaid family and domestic violence leave                                                                                                                    158

Subdivision A—Paid personal/carer’s leave                                                   158

95.......... Subdivision applies to employees other than casual employees...... 158

96.......... Entitlement to paid personal/carer’s leave........................................ 158

97.......... Taking paid personal/carer’s leave.................................................. 158

98.......... Employee taken not to be on paid personal/carer’s leave on public holiday              159

99.......... Payment for paid personal/carer’s leave.......................................... 159

100........ Paid personal/carer’s leave must not be cashed out except in accordance with permitted cashing out terms             159

101........ Modern awards and enterprise agreements may include terms relating to cashing out paid personal/carer’s leave   159

Subdivision B—Unpaid carer’s leave                                                               160

102........ Entitlement to unpaid carer’s leave.................................................. 160

103........ Taking unpaid carer’s leave............................................................. 160

Subdivision C—Compassionate leave                                                               161

104........ Entitlement to compassionate leave................................................. 161

105........ Taking compassionate leave............................................................ 161

106........ Payment for compassionate leave (other than for casual employees) 162

Subdivision CA—Unpaid family and domestic violence leave                   162

106A..... Entitlement to unpaid family and domestic violence leave............... 162

106B..... Taking unpaid family and domestic violence leave.......................... 163

106C..... Confidentiality................................................................................. 164

106D..... Operation of unpaid family and domestic violence leave and leave for victims of crime          164

106E...... Entitlement to days of leave............................................................. 165

Subdivision D—Notice and evidence requirements                                       165

107........ Notice and evidence requirements................................................... 165

Division 8—Community service leave                                                             167

108........ Entitlement to be absent from employment for engaging in eligible community service activity               167

109........ Meaning of eligible community service activity............................... 167

110........ Notice and evidence requirements................................................... 169

111........ Payment to employees (other than casuals) on jury service............. 169

112........ State and Territory laws that are not excluded................................. 171

Division 9—Long service leave                                                                           173

113........ Entitlement to long service leave..................................................... 173

113A..... Enterprise agreements may contain terms discounting service under prior agreements etc. in certain circumstances........................................................................................................ 175

Division 10—Public holidays                                                                                177

114........ Entitlement to be absent from employment on public holiday......... 177

115........ Meaning of public holiday.............................................................. 178

116........ Payment for absence on public holiday........................................... 179

Division 11—Notice of termination and redundancy pay                     180

Subdivision A—Notice of termination or payment in lieu of notice         180

117........ Requirement for notice of termination or payment in lieu................ 180

118........ Modern awards and enterprise agreements may provide for notice of termination by employees            181

Subdivision B—Redundancy pay                                                                       181

119........ Redundancy pay.............................................................................. 181

120........ Variation of redundancy pay for other employment or incapacity to pay  182

121........ Exclusions from obligation to pay redundancy pay......................... 183

122........ Transfer of employment situations that affect the obligation to pay redundancy pay                183

Subdivision C—Limits on scope of this Division                                            185

123........ Limits on scope of this Division..................................................... 185

Division 12—Fair Work Information Statement                                       187

124........ Fair Work Ombudsman to prepare and publish Fair Work Information Statement  187

125........ Giving new employees the Fair Work Information Statement......... 187

Division 13—Miscellaneous                                                                                   189

126........ Modern awards and enterprise agreements may provide for school‑based apprentices and trainees to be paid loadings in lieu.................................................................................................. 189

127........ Regulations about what modern awards and enterprise agreements can do              189

128........ Relationship between National Employment Standards and agreements etc. permitted by this Part for award/agreement free employees................................................................................ 190

129........ Regulations about what can be agreed to etc. in relation to award/agreement free employees   190

130........ Restriction on taking or accruing leave or absence while receiving workers’ compensation    190

131........ Relationship with other Commonwealth laws................................. 191

Part 2‑3—Modern awards                                                                                            192

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        192

132........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 192

133........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 193

Division 2—Overarching provisions                                                                194

134........ The modern awards objective.......................................................... 194

135........ Special provisions relating to modern award minimum wages........ 195

Division 3—Terms of modern awards                                                             196

Subdivision A—Preliminary                                                                               196

136........ What can be included in modern awards......................................... 196

137........ Terms that contravene section 136 have no effect........................... 197

138........ Achieving the modern awards objective.......................................... 197

Subdivision B—Terms that may be included in modern awards               197

139........ Terms that may be included in modern awards—general................ 197

140........ Outworker terms............................................................................. 198

141........ Industry‑specific redundancy schemes............................................ 199

142........ Incidental and machinery terms....................................................... 200

Subdivision C—Terms that must be included in modern awards              201

143........ Coverage terms of modern awards other than modern enterprise awards and State reference public sector modern awards........................................................................................................ 201

143A..... Coverage terms of modern enterprise awards................................. 203

143B..... Coverage terms of State reference public sector modern awards..... 205

144........ Flexibility terms.............................................................................. 206

145........ Effect of individual flexibility arrangement that does not meet requirements of flexibility term                207

145A..... Consultation about changes to rosters or hours of work................. 208

146........ Terms about settling disputes.......................................................... 208

147........ Ordinary hours of work.................................................................. 209

148........ Base and full rates of pay for pieceworkers.................................... 209

149........ Automatic variation of allowances.................................................. 209

149B..... Term requiring avoidance of liability to pay superannuation guarantee charge         210

149C..... Default fund terms.......................................................................... 210

149D..... Default fund term must provide for contributions to be made to certain funds         210

Subdivision D—Terms that must not be included in modern awards       212

150........ Objectionable terms......................................................................... 212

151........ Terms about payments and deductions for benefit of employer etc. 212

152........ Terms about right of entry............................................................... 213

153........ Terms that are discriminatory.......................................................... 213

154........ Terms that contain State‑based differences...................................... 214

155........ Terms dealing with long service leave............................................. 215

Division 4A—4 yearly reviews of default fund terms of modern awards             216

Subdivision A—4 yearly reviews of default fund terms                               216

156A..... 4 yearly reviews of default fund terms............................................ 216

Subdivision B—The first stage of the 4 yearly review                                 217

156B..... Making the Default Superannuation List......................................... 217

156C..... Applications to list a standard MySuper product............................ 217

156D..... Submissions on applications to list a standard MySuper product... 218

156E...... Determining applications to list a standard MySuper product......... 219

156F...... First stage criteria............................................................................ 219

Subdivision C—Second stage of the 4 yearly review                                    220

156G..... Review of the default fund term of modern awards........................ 220

156H..... Default fund term must specify certain superannuation funds......... 221

156J...... Variation to comply with section 149D........................................... 222

156K..... Transitional authorisation for certain superannuation funds............ 222

Subdivision D—The Schedule of Approved Employer MySuper Products 222

156L...... The Schedule of Approved Employer MySuper Products.............. 222

156M.... FWC to invite applications to include employer MySuper products on schedule     223

156N..... Making applications to include employer MySuper products on schedule               223

156P...... FWC to determine applications....................................................... 224

156Q..... The first stage test........................................................................... 225

156R..... Submissions about the first stage test.............................................. 225

156S...... The second stage test....................................................................... 226

156T...... Submissions about the second stage test......................................... 226

Subdivision E—Publishing documents under this Division                         227

156U..... Publishing documents under this Division...................................... 227

Division 5—Exercising modern award powers                                          228

Subdivision A—Exercise of powers if necessary to achieve modern awards objective               228

157........ FWC may vary etc. modern awards if necessary to achieve modern awards objective             228

158........ Applications to vary, revoke or make modern award...................... 229

Subdivision B—Other situations                                                                        231

159........ Variation of modern award to update or omit name of employer, organisation or outworker entity         231

159A..... Variation of default fund term of modern award............................. 232

160........ Variation of modern award to remove ambiguity or uncertainty or correct error      233

161........ Variation of modern award on referral by Australian Human Rights Commission  234

Division 6—General provisions relating to modern award powers 235

162........ General............................................................................................ 235

163........ Special criteria relating to changing coverage of modern awards.... 235

164........ Special criteria for revoking modern awards................................... 236

165........ When variation determinations come into operation, other than determinations setting, varying or revoking modern award minimum wages.............................................................................. 236

166........ When variation determinations setting, varying or revoking modern award minimum wages come into operation  237

167........ Special rules relating to retrospective variations of awards............. 238

168........ Varied modern award must be published........................................ 239

Division 7—Additional provisions relating to modern enterprise awards           240

168A..... Modern enterprise awards............................................................... 240

168B..... The modern enterprise awards objective......................................... 241

168C..... Rules about making and revoking modern enterprise awards......... 241

168D..... Rules about changing coverage of modern enterprise awards......... 243

Division 8—Additional provisions relating to State reference public sector modern awards   244

168E...... State reference public sector modern awards................................... 244

168F...... The State reference public sector modern awards objective............. 244

168G..... Making State reference public sector modern awards on application 245

168H..... State reference public sector modern awards may contain State‑based differences   246

168J...... When State reference public sector modern awards come into operation  246

168K..... Rules about revoking State reference public sector modern awards 247

168L...... Rules about varying coverage of State reference public sector modern awards        248

Part 2‑4—Enterprise agreements                                                                             249

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        249

169........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 249

170........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 250

171........ Objects of this Part.......................................................................... 251

Division 2—Employers and employees may make enterprise agreements          252

172........ Making an enterprise agreement...................................................... 252

Division 3—Bargaining and representation during bargaining        255

173........ Notice of employee representational rights...................................... 255

174........ Content and form of notice of employee representational rights...... 256

176........ Bargaining representatives for proposed enterprise agreements that are not greenfields agreements        257

177........ Bargaining representatives for proposed enterprise agreements that are greenfields agreements              259

178........ Appointment of bargaining representatives—other matters............. 260

178A..... Revocation of appointment of bargaining representatives etc.......... 261

178B..... Notified negotiation period for a proposed single‑enterprise agreement that is a greenfields agreement   262

Division 4—Approval of enterprise agreements                                        263

Subdivision A—Pre‑approval steps and applications for the FWC’s approval             263

179........ Disclosure by organisations that are bargaining representatives...... 263

179A..... Disclosure by employers................................................................. 264

180........ Employees must be given a copy of a proposed enterprise agreement etc.               265

181........ Employers may request employees to approve a proposed enterprise agreement     267

182........ When an enterprise agreement is made............................................ 268

183........ Entitlement of an employee organisation to have an enterprise agreement cover it   269

184........ Multi‑enterprise agreement to be varied if not all employees approve the agreement                270

185........ Bargaining representative must apply for the FWC’s approval of an enterprise agreement      271

185A..... Material that must accompany an application under subsection 182(4) for approval of a greenfields agreement      272

Subdivision B—Approval of enterprise agreements by the FWC             272

186........ When the FWC must approve an enterprise agreement—general requirements        272

187........ When the FWC must approve an enterprise agreement—additional requirements    274

188........ When employees have genuinely agreed to an enterprise agreement 276

188A..... Disclosure documents..................................................................... 277

189........ FWC may approve an enterprise agreement that does not pass better off overall test—public interest test               277

190........ FWC may approve an enterprise agreement with undertakings....... 278

191........ Effect of undertakings..................................................................... 279

192........ When the FWC may refuse to approve an enterprise agreement..... 279

Subdivision C—Better off overall test                                                              280

193........ Passing the better off overall test..................................................... 280

Subdivision D—Unlawful terms                                                                         282

194........ Meaning of unlawful term............................................................... 282

195........ Meaning of discriminatory term..................................................... 283

195A..... Meaning of objectionable emergency management term................ 284

Subdivision E—Approval requirements relating to particular kinds of employees     287

196........ Shiftworkers................................................................................... 287

197........ Pieceworkers—enterprise agreement includes pieceworker term.... 287

198........ Pieceworkers—enterprise agreement does not include a pieceworker term              288

199........ School‑based apprentices and school‑based trainees....................... 288

200........ Outworkers..................................................................................... 289

Subdivision F—Other matters                                                                            289

201........ Approval decision to note certain matters........................................ 289

Division 5—Mandatory terms of enterprise agreements                      291

202........ Enterprise agreements to include a flexibility term etc..................... 291

203........ Requirements to be met by a flexibility term................................... 292

204........ Effect of arrangement that does not meet requirements of flexibility term                293

205........ Enterprise agreements to include a consultation term etc................. 294

Division 6—Base rate of pay under enterprise agreements                296

206........ Base rate of pay under an enterprise agreement must not be less than the modern award rate or the national minimum wage order rate etc.......................................................................... 296

Division 7—Variation and termination of enterprise agreements   298

Subdivision A—Variation of enterprise agreements by employers and employees      298

207........ Variation of an enterprise agreement may be made by employers and employees    298

208........ Employers may request employees to approve a proposed variation of an enterprise agreement              299

209........ When a variation of an enterprise agreement is made...................... 299

210........ Application for the FWC’s approval of a variation of an enterprise agreement        300

211........ When the FWC must approve a variation of an enterprise agreement 300

212........ FWC may approve a variation of an enterprise agreement with undertakings          303

213........ Effect of undertakings..................................................................... 303

214........ When the FWC may refuse to approve a variation of an enterprise agreement         304

215........ Approval decision to note undertakings.......................................... 304

216........ When variation comes into operation.............................................. 305

Subdivision B—Variations of enterprise agreements where there is ambiguity, uncertainty or discrimination  305

217........ Variation of an enterprise agreement to remove an ambiguity or uncertainty            305

217A..... FWC may deal with certain disputes about variations..................... 305

218........ Variation of an enterprise agreement on referral by Australian Human Rights Commission    306

Subdivision C—Termination of enterprise agreements by employers and employees                307

219........ Employers and employees may agree to terminate an enterprise agreement              307

220........ Employers may request employees to approve a proposed termination of an enterprise agreement          307

221........ When termination of an enterprise agreement is agreed to............... 308

222........ Application for the FWC’s approval of a termination of an enterprise agreement    308

223........ When the FWC must approve a termination of an enterprise agreement.. 309

224........ When termination comes into operation.......................................... 310

Subdivision D—Termination of enterprise agreements after nominal expiry date      310

225........ Application for termination of an enterprise agreement after its nominal expiry date                310

226........ When the FWC must terminate an enterprise agreement................. 310

227........ When termination comes into operation.......................................... 311

Division 8—FWC’s general role in facilitating bargaining                  312

Subdivision A—Bargaining orders                                                                   312

228........ Bargaining representatives must meet the good faith bargaining requirements         312

229........ Applications for bargaining orders.................................................. 313

230........ When the FWC may make a bargaining order................................. 314

231........ What a bargaining order must specify............................................. 315

232........ Operation of a bargaining order...................................................... 317

233........ Contravening a bargaining order..................................................... 317

Subdivision B—Serious breach declarations                                                  317

234........ Applications for serious breach declarations................................... 317

235........ When the FWC may make a serious breach declaration.................. 318

Subdivision C—Majority support determinations and scope orders        320

236........ Majority support determinations..................................................... 320

237........ When the FWC must make a majority support determination......... 320

238........ Scope orders................................................................................... 321

239........ Operation of a scope order.............................................................. 323

Subdivision D—FWC may deal with a bargaining dispute on request     324

240........ Application for the FWC to deal with a bargaining dispute............. 324

Division 9—Low‑paid bargaining                                                                      325

241........ Objects of this Division.................................................................. 325

242........ Low‑paid authorisations.................................................................. 325

243........ When the FWC must make a low‑paid authorisation...................... 326

244........ Variation of low‑paid authorisations—general................................ 328

245........ Variation of low‑paid authorisations—enterprise agreement etc. comes into operation            329

246........ FWC’s assistance for the low‑paid................................................. 329

Division 10—Single interest employer authorisations                            331

Subdivision A—Declaration that employers may bargain together for a proposed enterprise agreement            331

247........ Ministerial declaration that employers may bargain together for a proposed enterprise agreement           331

Subdivision B—Single interest employer authorisations                             332

248........ Single interest employer authorisations........................................... 332

249........ When the FWC must make a single interest employer authorisation 332

250........ What a single interest employer authorisation must specify............ 334

251........ Variation of single interest employer authorisations........................ 334

252........ Variation to extend period single interest employer authorisation is in operation     335

Division 11—Other matters                                                                                  336

253........ Terms of an enterprise agreement that are of no effect.................... 336

254........ Applications by bargaining representatives..................................... 336

254A..... Entitlement for volunteer bodies to make submissions.................... 337

255........ Part does not empower the FWC to make certain orders................. 337

255A..... Limitations relating to greenfields agreements................................. 338

256........ Prospective employers and employees............................................ 339

256A..... How employees, employers and employee organisations are to be described          339

257........ Enterprise agreements may incorporate material in force from time to time etc.        339

Part 2‑5—Workplace determinations                                                                    340

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        340

258........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 340

259........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 341

Division 2—Low‑paid workplace determinations                                     342

260........ Applications for low‑paid workplace determinations...................... 342

261........ When the FWC must make a consent low‑paid workplace determination                343

262........ When the FWC must make a special low‑paid workplace determination—general requirements             344

263........ When the FWC must make a special low‑paid workplace determination—additional requirements         345

264........ Terms etc. of a low‑paid workplace determination.......................... 346

265........ No other terms................................................................................ 346

Division 3—Industrial action related workplace determinations     347

266........ When the FWC must make an industrial action related workplace determination     347

267........ Terms etc. of an industrial action related workplace determination.. 348

268........ No other terms................................................................................ 349

Division 4—Bargaining related workplace determinations                 350

269........ When the FWC must make a bargaining related workplace determination               350

270........ Terms etc. of a bargaining related workplace determination............ 351

271........ No other terms................................................................................ 353

271A..... Limitations relating to greenfields agreements................................. 353

Division 5—Core terms, mandatory terms and agreed terms of workplace determinations etc.           354

272........ Core terms of workplace determinations......................................... 354

273........ Mandatory terms of workplace determinations............................... 355

274........ Agreed terms for workplace determinations.................................... 356

275........ Factors the FWC must take into account in deciding terms of a workplace determination        357

Division 6—Operation, coverage and interaction etc. of workplace determinations    358

276........ When a workplace determination operates etc................................. 358

277........ Employers, employees and employee organisations covered by a workplace determination    358

278........ Interaction of a workplace determination with enterprise agreements etc. 359

279........ Act applies to a workplace determination as if it were an enterprise agreement        360

Division 7—Other matters                                                                                     362

280........ Contravening a workplace determination........................................ 362

281........ Applications by bargaining representatives..................................... 362

281AA.. Entitlement for volunteer bodies to make submissions.................... 362

281A..... How employees, employers and employee organisations are to be described          363

Part 2‑6—Minimum wages                                                                                           364

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        364

282........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 364

283........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 365

Division 2—Overarching provisions                                                                366

284........ The minimum wages objective........................................................ 366

Division 3—Annual wage reviews                                                                     368

Subdivision A—Main provisions                                                                        368

285........ Annual wage reviews to be conducted............................................ 368

286........ When annual wage review determinations varying modern awards come into operation         368

287........ When national minimum wage orders come into operation etc........ 369

Subdivision B—Provisions about conduct of annual wage reviews          371

288........ General............................................................................................ 371

289........ Everyone to have a reasonable opportunity to make and comment on submissions 371

290........ President may direct investigations and reports............................... 372

291........ Research must be published............................................................ 373

292........ Varied wage rates must be published.............................................. 373

Division 4—National minimum wage orders                                               374

293........ Contravening a national minimum wage order................................ 374

294........ Content of national minimum wage order—main provisions.......... 374

295........ Content of national minimum wage order—other matters............... 375

296........ Variation of national minimum wage order to remove ambiguity or uncertainty or correct error              376

297........ When determinations varying national minimum wage orders come into operation 376

298........ Special rule about retrospective variations of national minimum wage orders          377

299........ When a national minimum wage order is in operation..................... 378

Part 2‑7—Equal remuneration                                                                                  379

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        379

300........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 379

301........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 379

Division 2—Equal remuneration orders                                                        380

302........ FWC may make an order requiring equal remuneration.................. 380

303........ Equal remuneration order may increase, but must not reduce, rates of remuneration                381

304........ Equal remuneration order may implement equal remuneration in stages.. 381

305........ Contravening an equal remuneration order...................................... 381

306........ Inconsistency with modern awards, enterprise agreements and orders of the FWC 382

Part 2‑8—Transfer of business                                                                                  383

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        383

307........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 383

308........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 383

309........ Object of this Part........................................................................... 384

Division 2—Transfer of instruments                                                                385

310........ Application of this Division............................................................ 385

311........ When does a transfer of business occur.......................................... 385

312........ Instruments that may transfer.......................................................... 387

313........ Transferring employees and new employer covered by transferable instrument       387

314........ New non‑transferring employees of new employer may be covered by transferable instrument              388

315........ Organisations covered by transferable instrument........................... 389

316........ Transferring employees who are high income employees............... 390

Division 3—Powers of the FWC                                                                         392

317........ FWC may make orders in relation to a transfer of business............ 392

318........ Orders relating to instruments covering new employer and transferring employees 392

319........ Orders relating to instruments covering new employer and non‑transferring employees         394

320........ Variation of transferable instruments.............................................. 396

Part 2‑9—Other terms and conditions of employment                               398

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        398

321........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 398

322........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 398

Division 2—Payment of wages etc.                                                                   399

323........ Method and frequency of payment.................................................. 399

324........ Permitted deductions....................................................................... 400

325........ Unreasonable requirements to spend or pay amount....................... 400

326........ Certain terms have no effect............................................................ 401

327........ Things given or provided, and amounts required to be spent or paid, in contravention of this Division  402

Division 3—Guarantee of annual earnings                                                   403

328........ Employer obligations in relation to guarantee of annual earnings.... 403

329........ High income employee.................................................................... 404

330........ Guarantee of annual earnings and annual rate of guarantee............. 405

331........ Guaranteed period........................................................................... 406

332........ Earnings.......................................................................................... 406

333........ High income threshold.................................................................... 407

333A..... Prospective employees.................................................................... 408

Chapter 3—Rights and responsibilities of employees, employers, organisations etc.                                                                                                                       409

Part 3‑1—General protections                                                                                   409

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        409

334........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 409

335........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 409

336........ Objects of this Part.......................................................................... 410

Division 2—Application of this Part                                                                 411

337........ Application of this Part................................................................... 411

338........ Action to which this Part applies..................................................... 411

339........ Additional effect of this Part........................................................... 412

Division 3—Workplace rights                                                                              414

340........ Protection........................................................................................ 414

341........ Meaning of workplace right............................................................ 414

342........ Meaning of adverse action.............................................................. 416

343........ Coercion.......................................................................................... 419

344........ Undue influence or pressure........................................................... 419

345........ Misrepresentations.......................................................................... 420

Division 4—Industrial activities                                                                          421

346........ Protection........................................................................................ 421

347........ Meaning of engages in industrial activity....................................... 421

348........ Coercion.......................................................................................... 422

349........ Misrepresentations.......................................................................... 422

350........ Inducements—membership action.................................................. 423

Division 5—Other protections                                                                             424

351........ Discrimination................................................................................. 424

352........ Temporary absence—illness or injury............................................. 425

353........ Bargaining services fees.................................................................. 425

354........ Coverage by particular instruments................................................. 426

355........ Coercion—allocation of duties etc. to particular person.................. 426

356........ Objectionable terms......................................................................... 427

Division 6—Sham arrangements                                                                        428

357........ Misrepresenting employment as independent contracting arrangement 428

358........ Dismissing to engage as independent contractor............................. 428

359........ Misrepresentation to engage as independent contractor................... 428

Division 7—Ancillary rules                                                                                   430

360........ Multiple reasons for action.............................................................. 430

361........ Reason for action to be presumed unless proved otherwise............ 430

362........ Advising, encouraging, inciting or coercing action......................... 430

363........ Actions of industrial associations.................................................... 430

364........ Unincorporated industrial associations............................................ 432

Division 8—Compliance                                                                                          433

Subdivision A—Contraventions involving dismissal                                    433

365........ Application for the FWC to deal with a dismissal dispute............... 433

366........ Time for application........................................................................ 433

367........ Application fees.............................................................................. 433

368........ Dealing with a dismissal dispute (other than by arbitration)............ 434

369........ Dealing with a dismissal dispute by arbitration............................... 435

370........ Taking a dismissal dispute to court................................................. 436

Subdivision B—Other contraventions                                                              436

372........ Application for the FWC to deal with a non‑dismissal dispute....... 436

373........ Application fees.............................................................................. 437

374........ Conferences.................................................................................... 437

375........ Advice on general protections court application.............................. 437

Subdivision C—Appeals and costs orders                                                        438

375A..... Appeal rights................................................................................... 438

375B..... Costs orders against parties............................................................. 438

376........ Costs orders against lawyers and paid agents................................. 438

377........ Applications for costs orders.......................................................... 439

377A..... Schedule of costs............................................................................ 439

378........ Contravening costs orders............................................................... 440

Part 3‑2—Unfair dismissal                                                                                           441

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        441

379........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 441

380........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 441

381........ Object of this Part........................................................................... 441

Division 2—Protection from unfair dismissal                                              443

382........ When a person is protected from unfair dismissal........................... 443

383........ Meaning of minimum employment period...................................... 443

384........ Period of employment..................................................................... 443

Division 3—What is an unfair dismissal                                                         445

385........ What is an unfair dismissal............................................................. 445

386........ Meaning of dismissed..................................................................... 445

387........ Criteria for considering harshness etc............................................. 446

388........ The Small Business Fair Dismissal Code....................................... 447

389........ Meaning of genuine redundancy..................................................... 447

Division 4—Remedies for unfair dismissal                                                    448

390........ When the FWC may order remedy for unfair dismissal.................. 448

391........ Remedy—reinstatement etc............................................................. 448

392........ Remedy—compensation................................................................. 450

393........ Monetary orders may be in instalments........................................... 451

Division 5—Procedural matters                                                                         452

394........ Application for unfair dismissal remedy......................................... 452

395........ Application fees.............................................................................. 452

396........ Initial matters to be considered before merits.................................. 453

397........ Matters involving contested facts.................................................... 453

398........ Conferences.................................................................................... 453

399........ Hearings.......................................................................................... 454

399A..... Dismissing applications.................................................................. 454

400........ Appeal rights................................................................................... 455

400A..... Costs orders against parties............................................................. 455

401........ Costs orders against lawyers and paid agents................................. 455

402........ Applications for costs orders.......................................................... 456

403........ Schedule of costs............................................................................ 456

404........ Security for costs............................................................................ 457

405........ Contravening orders under this Part................................................ 457

Part 3‑3—Industrial action                                                                                           458

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        458

406........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 458

407........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 459

Division 2—Protected industrial action                                                          460

Subdivision A—What is protected industrial action                                     460

408........ Protected industrial action............................................................... 460

409........ Employee claim action..................................................................... 460

410........ Employee response action............................................................... 462

411........ Employer response action............................................................... 462

412........ Pattern bargaining........................................................................... 463

Subdivision B—Common requirements for industrial action to be protected industrial action                464

413........ Common requirements that apply for industrial action to be protected industrial action           464

414........ Notice requirements for industrial action......................................... 466

Subdivision C—Significance of industrial action being protected industrial action    467

415........ Immunity provision......................................................................... 467

416........ Employer response action—employer may refuse to make payments to employees 467

416A..... Employer response action does not affect continuity of employment 467

Division 3—No industrial action before nominal expiry date of enterprise agreement etc.       469

417........ Industrial action must not be organised or engaged in before nominal expiry date of enterprise agreement etc.       469

Division 4—FWC orders stopping etc. industrial action                       471

418........ FWC must order that industrial action by employees or employers stop etc.            471

419........ FWC must order that industrial action by non‑national system employees or non‑national system employers stop etc......................................................................................................... 472

420........ Interim orders etc............................................................................ 473

421........ Contravening an order etc............................................................... 473

Division 5—Injunction against industrial action if pattern bargaining is being engaged in       475

422........ Injunction against industrial action if a bargaining representative is engaging in pattern bargaining         475

Division 6—Suspension or termination of protected industrial action by the FWC       476

423........ FWC may suspend or terminate protected industrial action—significant economic harm etc.  476

424........ FWC must suspend or terminate protected industrial action—endangering life etc. 478

425........ FWC must suspend protected industrial action—cooling off.......... 479

426........ FWC must suspend protected industrial action—significant harm to a third party   480

427........ FWC must specify the period of suspension................................... 481

428........ Extension of a period of suspension............................................... 482

429........ Employee claim action without a further protected action ballot after a period of suspension etc.            482

430........ Notice of employee claim action engaged in after a period of suspension etc.          483

Division 7—Ministerial declarations                                                                485

431........ Ministerial declaration terminating industrial action........................ 485

432........ Informing people of declaration...................................................... 485

433........ Ministerial directions to remove or reduce threat............................. 486

434........ Contravening a Ministerial direction............................................... 486

Division 8—Protected action ballots                                                                487

Subdivision A—Introduction                                                                               487

435........ Guide to this Division..................................................................... 487

436........ Object of this Division.................................................................... 487

Subdivision B—Protected action ballot orders                                              488

437........ Application for a protected action ballot order................................. 488

438........ Restriction on when application may be made................................. 489

439........ Joint applications............................................................................. 489

440........ Notice of application....................................................................... 490

441........ Application to be determined within 2 days after it is made............ 490

442........ Dealing with multiple applications together..................................... 490

443........ When the FWC must make a protected action ballot order.............. 491

444........ FWC may decide on ballot agent other than the Australian Electoral Commission and independent advisor           492

445........ Notice of protected action ballot order............................................. 493

446........ Protected action ballot order may require 2 or more protected action ballots to be held at the same time  493

447........ Variation of protected action ballot order........................................ 494

448........ Revocation of protected action ballot order..................................... 494

Subdivision C—Conduct of protected action ballot                                      494

449........ Protected action ballot to be conducted by Australian Electoral Commission or other specified ballot agent            494

450........ Directions for conduct of protected action ballot............................. 495

451........ Timetable for protected action ballot................................................ 496

452........ Compilation of roll of voters........................................................... 497

453........ Who is eligible to be included on the roll of voters......................... 497

454........ Variation of roll of voters................................................................ 498

455........ Protected action ballot papers.......................................................... 500

456........ Who may vote in protected action ballot.......................................... 500

457........ Results of protected action ballot..................................................... 500

458........ Report about conduct of protected action ballot............................... 500

Subdivision D—Effect of protected action ballot                                          502

459........ Circumstances in which industrial action is authorised by protected action ballot    502

460........ Immunity for persons who act in good faith on protected action ballot results         503

461........ Validity of protected action ballot etc. not affected by technical breaches 504

Subdivision E—Compliance                                                                                505

462........ Interferences etc. with protected action ballot.................................. 505

463........ Contravening a protected action ballot order etc.............................. 507

Subdivision F—Liability for costs of protected action ballot                     507

464........ Costs of protected action ballot conducted by the Australian Electoral Commission                507

465........ Costs of protected action ballot conducted by protected action ballot agent other than the Australian Electoral Commission.................................................................................... 508

466........ Costs of legal challenges................................................................. 508

Subdivision G—Miscellaneous                                                                           509

467........ Information about employees on roll of voters not to be disclosed. 509

468........ Records........................................................................................... 510

469........ Regulations..................................................................................... 510

Division 9—Payments relating to periods of industrial action           511

Subdivision A—Protected industrial action                                                    511

470........ Payments not to be made relating to certain periods of industrial action 511

471........ Payments relating to partial work bans............................................ 512

472........ Orders by the FWC relating to certain partial work bans................ 514

473........ Accepting or seeking payments relating to periods of industrial action 515

Subdivision B—Industrial action that is not protected industrial action 516

474........ Payments not to be made relating to certain periods of industrial action 516

475........ Accepting or seeking payments relating to periods of industrial action 517

Subdivision C—Miscellaneous                                                                            518

476........ Other responses to industrial action unaffected............................... 518

Division 10—Other matters                                                                                  519

477........ Applications by bargaining representatives..................................... 519

Part 3‑4—Right of entry                                                                                                520

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        520

478........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 520

479........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 520

480........ Object of this Part........................................................................... 521

Division 2—Entry rights under this Act                                                         522

Subdivision A—Entry to investigate suspected contravention                   522

481........ Entry to investigate suspected contravention................................... 522

482........ Rights that may be exercised while on premises............................. 523

483........ Later access to record or document................................................. 524

483AA.. Application to the FWC for access to non‑member records............ 525

Subdivision AA—Entry to investigate suspected contravention relating to TCF award workers             526

483A..... Entry to investigate suspected contravention relating to TCF award workers           526

483B..... Rights that may be exercised while on premises............................. 528

483C..... Later access to record or document................................................. 529

483D..... Entry onto other premises to access records and documents........... 530

483E...... Later access to record or document—other premises...................... 531

Subdivision B—Entry to hold discussions                                                        532

484........ Entry to hold discussions................................................................ 532

Subdivision C—Requirements for permit holders                                         533

486........ Permit holder must not contravene this Subdivision....................... 533

487........ Giving entry notice or exemption certificate.................................... 533

488........ Contravening entry permit conditions............................................. 534

489........ Producing authority documents....................................................... 534

490........ When right may be exercised.......................................................... 535

491........ Occupational health and safety requirements................................... 535

492........ Location of interviews and discussions........................................... 535

492A..... Route to location of interview and discussions............................... 536

493........ Residential premises........................................................................ 536

Division 3—State or Territory OHS rights                                                  537

494........ Official must be permit holder to exercise State or Territory OHS right.. 537

495........ Giving notice of entry..................................................................... 538

496........ Contravening entry permit conditions............................................. 539

497........ Producing entry permit.................................................................... 539

498........ When right may be exercised.......................................................... 539

499........ Occupational health and safety requirements................................... 539

Division 4—Prohibitions                                                                                         541

500........ Permit holder must not hinder or obstruct....................................... 541

501........ Person must not refuse or delay entry............................................. 541

502........ Person must not hinder or obstruct permit holder........................... 541

503........ Misrepresentations about things authorised by this Part................. 542

504........ Unauthorised use or disclosure of information or documents......... 542

Division 5—Powers of the FWC                                                                         544

Subdivision A—Dealing with disputes                                                               544

505........ FWC may deal with a dispute about the operation of this Part........ 544

505A..... FWC may deal with a dispute about frequency of entry to hold discussions            546

506........ Contravening order made to deal with dispute................................ 547

Subdivision B—Taking action against permit holder                                  547

507........ FWC may take action against permit holder.................................... 547

Subdivision C—Restricting rights of organisations and officials where misuse of rights           548

508........ FWC may restrict rights if organisation or official has misused rights 548

509........ Contravening order made for misuse of rights................................ 549

Subdivision D—When the FWC must revoke or suspend entry permits  549

510........ When the FWC must revoke or suspend entry permits................... 549

Subdivision E—General rules for suspending entry permits                      551

511........ General rules for suspending entry permits..................................... 551

Division 6—Entry permits, entry notices and certificates                    552

Subdivision A—Entry permits                                                                            552

512........ FWC may issue entry permits......................................................... 552

513........ Considering application................................................................... 552

514........ When the FWC must not issue permit............................................. 553

515........ Conditions on entry permit.............................................................. 553

516........ Expiry of entry permit..................................................................... 554

517........ Return of entry permits to the FWC................................................ 555

Subdivision B—Entry notices                                                                             555

518........ Entry notice requirements................................................................ 555

Subdivision C—Exemption certificates                                                            557

519........ Exemption certificates..................................................................... 557

Subdivision D—Affected member certificates                                                558

520........ Affected member certificates........................................................... 558

Subdivision E—Miscellaneous                                                                            558

521........ Regulations dealing with instruments under this Part...................... 558

Division 7—Accommodation and transport arrangements in remote areas      560

521A..... Meaning of accommodation arrangement...................................... 560

521B..... Meaning of transport arrangement................................................ 560

521C..... Accommodation arrangements for remote areas.............................. 561

521D..... Transport arrangements for remote areas........................................ 562

Part 3‑5—Stand down                                                                                                     564

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        564

522........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 564

523........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 564

Division 2—Circumstances allowing stand down                                      565

524........ Employer may stand down employees in certain circumstances...... 565

525........ Employee not stood down during a period of authorised leave or absence               566

Division 3—Dealing with disputes                                                                      567

526........ FWC may deal with a dispute about the operation of this Part........ 567

527........ Contravening an FWC order dealing with a dispute about the operation of this Part                567

Part 3‑6—Other rights and responsibilities                                                        568

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        568

528........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 568

529........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 568

Division 2—Notification and consultation relating to certain dismissals              569

Subdivision A—Requirement to notify Centrelink                                        569

530........ Employer to notify Centrelink of certain proposed dismissals........ 569

Subdivision B—Failure to notify or consult registered employee associations             570

531........ FWC may make orders where failure to notify or consult registered employee associations about dismissals         570

532........ Orders that the FWC may make...................................................... 571

533........ Application for an FWC order........................................................ 572

Subdivision C—Limits on scope of this Division                                            572

534........ Limits on scope of this Division..................................................... 572

Division 3—Employer obligations in relation to employee records and pay slips           574

535........ Employer obligations in relation to employee records..................... 574

536........ Employer obligations in relation to pay slips................................... 574

Part 3‑7—Corrupting benefits                                                                                   576

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        576

536A..... Guide to this Part............................................................................ 576

536B..... Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 576

536C..... Concurrent operation of State and Territory laws............................ 576

536CA.. Dishonesty...................................................................................... 577

Division 2—Giving, receiving or soliciting corrupting benefits         578

536D..... Giving, receiving or soliciting a corrupting benefit......................... 578

536E...... Meaning of registered organisations officer or employee................ 580

Division 3—Cash or in kind payments to employee organisations etc.  582

536F...... Giving a cash or in kind payment.................................................... 582

536G..... Receiving or soliciting a cash or in kind payment........................... 584

536H..... Implied freedom of political communication................................... 585


An Act relating to workplace relations, and for related purposes

Chapter 1Introduction

Part 1‑1Introduction

Division 1Preliminary

1  Short title

                   This Act may be cited as the Fair Work Act 2009.

2  Commencement

             (1)  Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Commencement information

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Provision(s)

Commencement

Date/Details

1.  Sections 1 and 2 and anything in this Act not elsewhere covered by this table

The day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent.

7 April 2009

2.  Sections 3 to 40

A single day to be fixed by Proclamation.

However, if any of the provision(s) do not commence within the period of 12 months beginning on the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent, they commence on the first day after the end of that period.

26 May 2009

(see F2009L01818)

3.  Sections 41 to 572

A day or days to be fixed by Proclamation.

A Proclamation must not specify a day that occurs before the day on which the Fair Work (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 2009 receives the Royal Assent.

However, if any of the provision(s) do not commence within the period of 12 months beginning on the day on which the Fair Work (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 2009 receives the Royal Assent, they commence on the first day after the end of that period.

Sections 41–43, 50–54, 58, 169–281A, 300–327, 332, 333, 334–572: 1 July 2009 (see F2009L02563)

Sections 44–49, 55–57A, 59–168, 282–299, 328–331, 333A: 1 January 2010 (see F2009L02563)

4.  Sections 573 to 718

At the same time as the provision(s) covered by table item 2.

26 May 2009

5.  Sections 719 to 800

A day or days to be fixed by Proclamation.

A Proclamation must not specify a day that occurs before the day on which the Fair Work (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 2009 receives the Royal Assent.

However, if any of the provision(s) do not commence within the period of 12 months beginning on the day on which the Fair Work (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 2009 receives the Royal Assent, they commence on the first day after the end of that period.

Sections 719–740, 769–800: 1 July 2009 (see F2009L02563)

Sections 741–768: 1 January 2010 (see F2009L02563)

6.  Schedule 1

At the same time as the provision(s) covered by table item 2.

26 May 2009

Note:          This table relates only to the provisions of this Act as originally passed by both Houses of the Parliament and assented to. It will not be expanded to deal with provisions inserted in this Act after assent.

             (2)  Column 3 of the table contains additional information that is not part of this Act. Information in this column may be added to or edited in any published version of this Act.

Division 2Object of this Act

3  Object of this Act

                   The object of this Act is to provide a balanced framework for cooperative and productive workplace relations that promotes national economic prosperity and social inclusion for all Australians by:

                     (a)  providing workplace relations laws that are fair to working Australians, are flexible for businesses, promote productivity and economic growth for Australia’s future economic prosperity and take into account Australia’s international labour obligations; and

                     (b)  ensuring a guaranteed safety net of fair, relevant and enforceable minimum terms and conditions through the National Employment Standards, modern awards and national minimum wage orders; and

                     (c)  ensuring that the guaranteed safety net of fair, relevant and enforceable minimum wages and conditions can no longer be undermined by the making of statutory individual employment agreements of any kind given that such agreements can never be part of a fair workplace relations system; and

                     (d)  assisting employees to balance their work and family responsibilities by providing for flexible working arrangements; and

                     (e)  enabling fairness and representation at work and the prevention of discrimination by recognising the right to freedom of association and the right to be represented, protecting against unfair treatment and discrimination, providing accessible and effective procedures to resolve grievances and disputes and providing effective compliance mechanisms; and

                      (f)  achieving productivity and fairness through an emphasis on enterprise‑level collective bargaining underpinned by simple good faith bargaining obligations and clear rules governing industrial action; and

                     (g)  acknowledging the special circumstances of small and medium‑sized businesses.

Division 3Guide to this Act

4  Guide to this Act

Overview of this Act

             (1)  This Act is about workplace relations. It:

                     (a)  provides for terms and conditions of employment (Chapter 2); and

                     (b)  sets out rights and responsibilities of employees, employers and organisations in relation to that employment (Chapter 3); and

                     (c)  provides for compliance with, and enforcement of, this Act (Chapter 4); and

                     (d)  provides for the administration of this Act by establishing the Fair Work Commission and the Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman (Chapter 5); and

                     (e)  deals with other matters relating to the above (Chapter 6).

Overview of the rest of this Chapter

             (2)  The rest of this Chapter deals with:

                     (a)  definitions that are used in this Act (Part 1‑2); and

                     (b)  the application of this Act (Part 1‑3), including how this Act interacts with certain State and Territory laws and its geographical application.

Definitions

             (3)  Many of the terms in this Act are defined. The Dictionary in section 12 contains a list of every term that is defined in this Act.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for amendments

             (4)  Schedule 1 contains application, saving and transitional provisions relating to amendments of this Act.

5  Terms and conditions of employment (Chapter 2)

             (1)  Chapter 2 provides for terms and conditions of employment of national system employees.

             (2)  Part 2‑1 has the core provisions for the Chapter. It deals with compliance with, and interaction between, the sources of the main terms and conditions provided under this Act—the National Employment Standards, modern awards and enterprise agreements.

Note:          Workplace determinations are another source of main terms and conditions. In most cases, this Act applies to a workplace determination as if it were an enterprise agreement in operation (see section 279).

Main terms and conditions

             (3)  Part 2‑2 contains the National Employment Standards, which are minimum terms and conditions that apply to all national system employees.

             (4)  Part 2‑3 is about modern awards. A modern award is made for a particular industry or occupation and provides additional minimum terms and conditions for those national system employees to whom it applies. A modern award can have terms that are ancillary or supplementary to the National Employment Standards.

             (5)  Part 2‑4 is about enterprise agreements. An enterprise agreement is made at the enterprise level and provides terms and conditions for those national system employees to whom it applies. An enterprise agreement can have terms that are ancillary or supplementary to the National Employment Standards.

             (6)  Part 2‑5 is about workplace determinations. A workplace determination provides terms and conditions for those national system employees to whom it applies. A workplace determination is made by the FWC if certain conditions are met.

             (7)  Part 2‑8 provides for the transfer of certain modern awards, enterprise agreements, workplace determinations and other instruments if there is a transfer of business from one national system employer to another national system employer.

Other terms and conditions

             (8)  In addition, other terms and conditions of employment for national system employees include those:

                     (a)  provided by a national minimum wage order (see Part 2‑6) or an equal remuneration order (see Part 2‑7); and

                     (b)  provided by Part 2‑9 (which deals with the frequency and method of making payments to employees, deductions from payments and high‑income employees).

6  Rights and responsibilities of employees, employers, organisations etc. (Chapter 3)

             (1)  Chapter 3 sets out rights and responsibilities of national system employees, national system employers, organisations and others (such as independent contractors and industrial associations).

             (2)  Part 3‑1 provides general workplace protections. It:

                     (a)  protects workplace rights; and

                     (b)  protects freedom of association and involvement in lawful industrial activities; and

                     (c)  provides other protections, including protection from discrimination.

             (3)  Part 3‑2 deals with unfair dismissal of national system employees, and the granting of remedies when that happens.

             (4)  Part 3‑3 deals mainly with industrial action by national system employees and national system employers and sets out when industrial action is protected industrial action. No action lies under any law in force in a State or Territory in relation to protected industrial action except in certain circumstances.

             (5)  Part 3‑4 is about the rights of officials of organisations who hold entry permits to enter premises for purposes related to their representative role under this Act and under State or Territory OHS laws. In exercising those rights, permit holders must comply with the requirements set out in the Part.

             (6)  Part 3‑5 allows a national system employer to stand down a national system employee without pay in certain circumstances.

             (7)  Part 3‑6 deals with other rights and responsibilities of national system employers in relation to:

                     (a)  termination of employment; and

                     (b)  keeping records and giving payslips.

             (8)  Part 3‑7 deals with offences in relation to corrupting benefits.

7  Compliance and enforcement (Chapter 4)

             (1)  Chapter 4 provides for compliance with, and enforcement of, this Act.

             (2)  Part 4‑1 is about civil remedies. Certain provisions in this Act impose obligations on certain persons. Civil remedies may be sought in relation to contraventions of these civil remedy provisions. Part 4‑1:

                     (a)  deals with applications for orders for contraventions of civil remedy provisions; and

                     (b)  sets out the orders the courts can make in relation to a contravention of a civil remedy provision.

             (3)  Part 4‑2 is about the jurisdiction and powers of the courts in relation to matters arising under this Act.

8  Administration (Chapter 5)

             (1)  Chapter 5 provides for the administration of this Act by establishing the Fair Work Commission and the Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman.

             (2)  Part 5‑1 is about the Fair Work Commission. It:

                     (a)  establishes and confers functions on the FWC; and

                     (b)  sets out how matters before the FWC are to be conducted (for example, how the FWC is to deal with applications made to it).

             (3)  Part 5‑2 is about the Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman. It:

                     (a)  establishes and confers functions on the Fair Work Ombudsman; and

                     (b)  confers functions and powers on Fair Work Inspectors.

9  Miscellaneous (Chapter 6)

             (1)  Chapter 6 is a collection of miscellaneous matters that relate to the other Chapters.

             (2)  Part 6‑1 provides rules relating to applications for remedies under this Act. It prevents certain applications if other remedies are available and prevents multiple applications or complaints in relation to the same conduct.

             (3)  Part 6‑2 is about dealing with disputes between national system employees and their employers under modern awards, enterprise agreements and contracts of employment.

             (4)  Part 6‑3 extends the National Employment Standards relating to unpaid parental leave and notice of termination to non‑national system employees.

          (4A)  Part 6‑3A provides for the transfer of terms and conditions of employment that are provided for in particular State industrial instruments if there is a transfer of business from a non‑national system employer that is a State public sector employer of the State to a national system employer.

             (5)  Part 6‑4 contains provisions to give effect, or further effect, to certain international agreements relating to termination of employment.

          (5A)  Part 6‑4A contains special provisions about TCF outworkers.

          (5B)  Part 6‑4B allows a worker who has been bullied at work to apply to the FWC for an order to stop the bullying.

             (6)  Part 6‑5 deals with miscellaneous matters such as delegations and regulations.

9A  Application, transitional and saving provisions for amendments (Schedules)

                   The Schedules contain application, transitional and saving provisions relating to amendments of this Act.

Note:          Application, transitional and saving provisions relating to the enactment of this Act, and States becoming referring States, are in the Transitional Act.

Part 1‑2Definitions

Division 1Introduction

10  Guide to this Part

This Part is about the terms that are defined in this Act.

Division 2 has the Dictionary (see section 12). The Dictionary is a list of every term that is defined in this Act. A term will either be defined in the Dictionary itself, or in another provision of this Act. If another provision defines the term, the Dictionary will have a signpost to that definition.

Division 3 has definitions relating to the meanings of employee and employer.

Division 4 has some other definitions that apply across this Act.

11  Meanings of employee and employer

                   In this Part, employee and employer have their ordinary meanings.

Note:          See also Division 2 of Part 6‑4A (TCF contract outworkers taken to be employees in certain circumstances).

Division 2The Dictionary

12  The Dictionary

                   In this Act:

AAT presidential member means a person who is a presidential member of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal under the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975.

access period for a proposed enterprise agreement: see subsection 180(4).

accommodation arrangement: see subsections 521A(1) and (2).

action includes an omission.

adoption‑related leave: see subsection 67(5).

adverse action: see section 342.

affected employees for a variation of an enterprise agreement: see subsection 207(2).

affected employer:

                     (a)  in relation to an entry under Subdivision A of Division 2 of Part 3‑4: see subsection 482(2); and

                    (aa)  in relation to an entry under section 483A other than a designated outworker terms entry: see paragraph 483B(3)(a); and

                   (ab)  in relation to a designated outworker terms entry under section 483A: see paragraph 483B(3)(b); and

                     (b)  in relation to an entry in accordance with Division 3 of Part 3‑4: see paragraph 495(2)(a); and

                     (c)  in relation to a State or Territory OHS right to inspect or otherwise access an employee record: see paragraph 495(2)(b).

affected member certificate: see subsection 520(1).

Age Discrimination Commissioner means the Age Discrimination Commissioner appointed under the Age Discrimination Act 2004.

agreed terms for a workplace determination: see section 274.

agreed to in relation to a termination of an enterprise agreement: see section 221.

annual rate of an employee’s guaranteed annual earnings: see subsection 330(3).

annual wage review: see subsection 285(1).

anti‑discrimination law: see subsection 351(3).

apparent indirectly responsible entity: see subsection 789CC(2).

applicable agreement‑derived long service leave terms: see subsection 113(5).

applicable award‑derived long service leave terms: see subsection 113(3).

application or complaint under another law: see subsection 732(2).

applies:

                     (a)  in relation to a modern award: see section 47; and

                     (b)  in relation to an enterprise agreement: see section 52; and

                     (c)  in relation to a copied State instrument: see section 768AM.

applies to employment generally: see subsection 26(4).

appointment of a bargaining representative means an appointment of a bargaining representative under paragraph 176(1)(c) or (d) or 177(c).

appropriate safe job: see subsection 81(3).

approved by the FWC, in relation to an enterprise agreement, means approved by the FWC under section 186 or 189.

associated entity has the meaning given by section 50AAA of the Corporations Act 2001.

Australia means the Commonwealth of Australia and, when used in a geographical sense, includes Norfolk Island, the Territory of Christmas Island and the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands, but does not include any other external Territory.

Australian‑based employee: see subsections 35(2) and (3).

Australian employer: see subsection 35(1).

Australian ship means a ship that has Australian nationality under section 29 of the Shipping Registration Act 1981.

authority documents: see subsection 489(3).

available parental leave period: see subsection 75(2).

award/agreement free employee means a national system employee to whom neither a modern award nor an enterprise agreement applies.

award covered employee for an enterprise agreement: see subsection 193(4).

award modernisation process means:

                     (a)  the process of making modern awards under Part 10A of the Workplace Relations Act 1996, as continued by Part 2 of Schedule 5 of the Transitional Act; and

                     (b)  the enterprise instrument modernisation process provided for by Part 2 of Schedule 6 of the Transitional Act; and

                     (c)  the State reference public sector transitional award modernisation process provided for by Part 2 of Schedule 6A of the Transitional Act.

ballot paper: see subsection 455(2).

bargaining order: see subsection 229(1).

bargaining related workplace determination: see subsection 269(1).

bargaining representative for a proposed enterprise agreement: see sections 176 and 177.

bargaining services: see subsection 353(3).

bargaining services fee: see subsection 353(2).

base rate of pay: see section 16.

birth‑related leave: see subsection 67(4).

bullied at work: see subsection 789FD(1).

cash or in kind payment: see subsection 536F(4).

child of a person: see subsection 17(1).

civil remedy provision: see subsections 539(1) and (3).

close relative: see subsection 106B(3).

Commissioner means a Commissioner of the FWC.

common requirements in relation to industrial action: see section 413.

Commonwealth means the Commonwealth of Australia and, when used in a geographical sense, includes Norfolk Island, the Territory of Christmas Island and the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands, but does not include any other external Territory.

Commonwealth authority means:

                     (a)  a body corporate established for a public purpose by or under a law of the Commonwealth; or

                     (b)  a body corporate:

                              (i)  incorporated under a law of the Commonwealth or a State or a Territory; and

                             (ii)  in which the Commonwealth has a controlling interest.

Commonwealth Ombudsman means the person for the time being holding office as Ombudsman under the Ombudsman Act 1976.

Commonwealth outworker entity means an entity that is an outworker entity otherwise than because of section 30F or 30Q.

Note:          Sections 30F and 30Q extend the meaning of outworker entity in relation to a referring State.

Commonwealth place means a place referred to in paragraph 52(i) of the Constitution, other than the seat of government.

compassionate leave means compassionate leave to which a national system employee is entitled under section 104.

complaint about an FWC Member means a complaint referred to in paragraph 581A(1)(a) or section 641A.

complaint handler means:

                     (a)  the President; or

                     (b)  a person who is authorised by the President under subsection 581A(3); or

                     (c)  a person who is a member of a body that is authorised by the President under subsection 581A(3).

compliance powers: see section 703.

compliance purposes: see subsection 706(1).

concurrent leave: see subsection 72(5).

conduct includes an omission.

conduct of a protected action ballot: see subsection 458(5).

connected with a Territory: an arrangement for work to be performed for a person (either directly or indirectly) is connected with a Territory if one or more of the following apply:

                     (a)  at the time the arrangement is made, one or more parties to the arrangement is in a Territory in Australia;

                     (b)  the work is to be performed in such a Territory;

                     (c)  the person carries on an activity (whether of a commercial, governmental or other nature) in such a Territory, and the work is reasonably likely to be performed in that Territory;

                     (d)  the person carries on an activity (whether of a commercial, governmental or other nature) in such a Territory, and the work is to be performed in connection with that activity.

Note:          In this context, Australia includes Norfolk Island, the Territory of Christmas Island and the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands (see the definition of Australia).

consent low‑paid workplace determination: see subsection 260(2).

consistent with the Small Business Fair Dismissal Code: see subsection 388(2).

consolidation order:

                     (a)  in relation to a transferring employee—see subsection 768BD(1); and

                     (b)  in relation to a non‑transferring employee—see subsection 768BG(1).

constitutional corporation means a corporation to which paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution applies.

constitutionally‑covered business: see subsection 789FD(3).

constitutionally‑covered entity: see subsection 338(2).

constitutional trade or commerce means trade or commerce:

                     (a)  between Australia and a place outside Australia; or

                     (b)  among the States; or

                     (c)  between a State and a Territory; or

                     (d)  between 2 Territories; or

                     (e)  within a Territory.

continental shelf means:

                     (a)  the continental shelf (as defined in the Seas and Submerged Lands Act 1973) of Australia (including its external Territories); and

                     (b)  the Greater Sunrise special regime area (as defined in the Seas and Submerged Lands Act 1973).

continuous service has a meaning affected by section 22.

copied State award: see subsection 768AI(1).

copied State collective employment agreement: see subsection 768AK(4).

copied State employment agreement: see subsection 768AK(1).

copied State individual employment agreement: see subsection 768AK(5).

copied State instrument: see section 768AH.

corporate MySuper product: see subsection 23A(3).

coverage terms:

                     (a)  in relation to a modern award (other than a modern enterprise award): see section 143; and

                     (b)  in relation to a modern enterprise award: see section 143A; and

                     (c)  in relation to a State reference public sector modern award: see section 143B.

covers:

                     (a)  in relation to a modern award: see section 48; and

                     (b)  in relation to an enterprise agreement: see section 53; and

                     (c)  in relation to a workplace determination: see section 277; and

                     (d)  in relation to a copied State instrument: see section 768AN.

day of placement: see subsection 67(6).

de facto partner of a national system employee:

                     (a)  means a person who, although not legally married to the employee, lives with the employee in a relationship as a couple on a genuine domestic basis (whether the employee and the person are of the same sex or different sexes); and

                     (b)  includes a former de facto partner of the employee.

default fund employee: see subsection 149C(2).

default fund term: see subsection 149C(2).

Default Superannuation List: see subsection 156B(1).

defined benefit member has the meaning given by the Superannuation Guarantee (Administration) Act 1992.

Deputy President means a Deputy President of the FWC.

designated emergency management body: see subsections 195A(4) and (5).

designated outworker term of a modern award, enterprise agreement, workplace determination or other instrument, means any of the following terms, so far as the term relates to outworkers in the textile, clothing or footwear industry:

                     (a)  a term that deals with the registration of an employer or outworker entity;

                     (b)  a term that deals with the making and retaining of, or access to, records about work to which outworker terms of a modern award apply;

                     (c)  a term imposing conditions under which an arrangement may be entered into by an employer or an outworker entity for the performance of work, where the work is of a kind that is often performed by outworkers;

                     (d)  a term relating to the liability of an employer or outworker entity for work undertaken by an outworker under such an arrangement, including a term which provides for the outworker to make a claim against an employer or outworker entity;

                     (e)  a term that requires minimum pay or other conditions, including the National Employment Standards, to be applied to an outworker who is not an employee;

                      (f)  any other terms prescribed by the regulations.

designated outworker terms entry: see subsection 483A(5).

directly, when used in relation to TCF work: see section 17A.

Disability Discrimination Commissioner means the Disability Discrimination Commissioner appointed under the Disability Discrimination Act 1992.

discriminatory term of an enterprise agreement: see section 195.

dismissal remedy bargaining order application: see subsection 726(2).

dismissed: see section 386.

earnings: see subsections 332(1) and (2).

eligible community service activity: see section 109.

eligible State or Territory court means one of the following courts:

                     (a)  a District, County or Local Court;

                     (b)  a magistrates court;

                     (c)  the Industrial Relations Court of South Australia;

                    (ca)  the Industrial Court of New South Wales;

                     (d)  any other State or Territory court that is prescribed by the regulations.

employee is defined in the first Division of each Part (other than Part 1‑1) in which the term appears.

Note 1:       The definition in the Part will define employee either as a national system employee or as having its ordinary meaning. However, there may be particular provisions in the Part where a different meaning for the term is specified.

Note 2:       If the term has its ordinary meaning, see further subsections 15(1), 30E(1) and 30P(1).

Note 3:       See also Division 2 of Part 6‑4A (TCF contract outworkers taken to be employees in certain circumstances).

employee A, in relation to a transfer of business referred to in Part 6‑3A: see subsections 768BD(1) and 768BG(1).

employee claim action: see section 409 and paragraph 471(4A)(c).

employee couple: 2 national system emp