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Telecommunications Act 1997

Authoritative Version
  • - C2019C00104
  • In force - Superseded Version
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Act No. 47 of 1997 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Telecommunications Legislation Amendment Act 2019
An Act about telecommunications, and for related purposes
Administered by: Communications and the Arts
Registered 12 Mar 2019
Start Date 02 Mar 2019
End Date 29 Aug 2019
Table of contents.

Commonwealth Coat of Arms of Australia

Telecommunications Act 1997

No. 47, 1997

Compilation No. 92

Compilation date:                              2 March 2019

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 6, 2019

Registered:                                         12 March 2019

This compilation is in 2 volumes

Volume 1:       sections 1–594

Volume 2:       Schedules

                        Endnotes

Each volume has its own contents

 

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Telecommunications Act 1997 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 2 March 2019 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Schedule 1—Standard carrier licence conditions                         1

Part 1—Compliance with this Act                                                                               1

1............ Compliance with this Act.................................................................... 1

Part 3—Access to supplementary facilities                                                             2

16.......... Simplified outline................................................................................ 2

17.......... Access to supplementary facilities....................................................... 2

18.......... Terms and conditions of access........................................................... 4

19.......... Ministerial pricing determinations....................................................... 5

Part 4—Access to network information                                                                   7

20.......... Simplified outline................................................................................ 7

21.......... Access to network information........................................................... 7

22.......... Access to information in databases..................................................... 8

23.......... Access to network planning information............................................. 8

24.......... Access to information about likely changes to network facilities—completion success rate of calls        9

25.......... Access to quality of service information etc...................................... 10

26.......... Security procedures........................................................................... 11

27.......... Terms and conditions of compliance................................................. 11

27A....... Code relating to access to information............................................... 12

28.......... Ministerial pricing determinations..................................................... 12

29.......... Consultation about reconfiguration etc.............................................. 13

29A....... Code relating to consultation............................................................. 14

Part 5—Access to telecommunications transmission towers and to underground facilities         15

30.......... Simplified outline.............................................................................. 15

31.......... Definitions........................................................................................ 15

32.......... Extended meaning of access............................................................. 16

33.......... Access to telecommunications transmission towers.......................... 16

34.......... Access to sites of telecommunications transmission towers.............. 18

35.......... Access to eligible underground facilities........................................... 21

36.......... Terms and conditions of access......................................................... 23

37.......... Code relating to access...................................................................... 25

38.......... Industry co‑operation about sharing of sites and eligible underground facilities      25

39.......... This Part does not limit Part 3 of this Schedule................................. 25

Part 6—Inspection of facilities etc.                                                                            26

40.......... Simplified outline.............................................................................. 26

41.......... Records relating to underground facilities......................................... 26

42.......... Regular inspection of facilities.......................................................... 27

43.......... Prompt investigation of dangerous facilities...................................... 27

44.......... Remedial action................................................................................. 28

Part 7—Any‑to‑any connectivity                                                                                29

44A....... Simplified outline.............................................................................. 29

45.......... Definitions........................................................................................ 29

46.......... Carriers must obtain designated interconnection services from carriage service providers for the purpose of ensuring any‑to‑any connectivity..................................................................... 30

47.......... Designated interconnection services.................................................. 31

Part 9—Functional separation of Telstra                                                              33

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                          33

68.......... Simplified outline.............................................................................. 33

69.......... Definitions........................................................................................ 33

70.......... Declared network services................................................................ 34

71.......... Regulated services............................................................................. 35

72.......... Notional contracts............................................................................. 35

Division 2—Functional separation undertaking                                           36

73.......... Contents of draft or final functional separation undertaking.............. 36

74.......... Functional separation principles........................................................ 37

75.......... Functional separation requirements determination............................. 38

76.......... Draft functional separation undertaking to be given to Minister........ 43

77.......... Approval of draft functional separation undertaking by Minister...... 46

78.......... Time limit for making an approval decision...................................... 48

79.......... Effect of approval.............................................................................. 48

80.......... Variation of final functional separation undertaking.......................... 49

81.......... Publication of final functional separation undertaking....................... 51

82.......... Compliance with final functional separation undertaking.................. 51

Part 10—Control and use by Telstra of certain spectrum licences       52

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                          52

83.......... Simplified outline.............................................................................. 52

Division 2—Control and use by Telstra of certain spectrum licences 53

84.......... Control by Telstra of certain spectrum licences................................. 53

85.......... Use by Telstra of certain spectrum licences....................................... 54

Division 3—Other provisions                                                                                 56

86.......... Associate........................................................................................... 56

87.......... Control.............................................................................................. 57

88.......... When Telstra is in a position to exercise control of a spectrum licence 57

Schedule 2—Standard service provider rules                                59

Part 1—Compliance with this Act                                                                             59

1............ Compliance with this Act.................................................................. 59

Part 2—Operator services                                                                                               60

2............ Simplified outline.............................................................................. 60

3............ Scope of Part..................................................................................... 60

4............ Operator services must be provided to end‑users of a standard telephone service    60

5............ Access to end‑users of other carriage service providers.................... 60

Part 3—Directory assistance services                                                                       62

6............ Simplified outline.............................................................................. 62

7............ Directory assistance services must be provided to end‑users............ 62

8............ Access by end‑users of other carriage service providers................... 62

Part 4—Integrated public number database                                                       64

9............ Simplified outline.............................................................................. 64

10.......... Carriage service providers must give information to Telstra............. 64

11.......... Carriage service providers must give information to another person or association 65

Part 5—Itemised billing                                                                                                    66

12.......... Simplified outline.............................................................................. 66

13.......... Itemised billing.................................................................................. 66

14.......... Exemptions from itemised billing requirements................................ 68

15.......... Details that are not to be specified in an itemised bill........................ 68

Part 6—Priority assistance                                                                                             69

16.......... Simplified outline.............................................................................. 69

17.......... Priority assistance industry code....................................................... 69

18.......... Compliance with the priority assistance industry code...................... 70

19.......... Information for prospective residential customers of a carriage service provider who does not offer priority assistance.......................................................................................................... 70

20.......... Requirements for Telstra................................................................... 71

Schedule 3—Carriers’ powers and immunities                             72

Part 1—General provisions                                                                                            72

Division 1—Simplified outline and definitions                                               72

1............ Simplified outline.............................................................................. 72

2............ Definitions........................................................................................ 74

3............ Designated overhead line.................................................................. 78

4............ Extension to a tower to be treated as the installation of a facility....... 78

Division 2—Inspection of land                                                                               79

5............ Inspection of land.............................................................................. 79

Division 3—Installation of facilities                                                                    81

6............ Installation of facilities...................................................................... 81

Division 4—Maintenance of facilities                                                                 86

7............ Maintenance of facilities.................................................................... 86

Division 5—Conditions relating to the carrying out of authorised activities     90

8............ Carrier to do as little damage as practicable....................................... 90

8A......... Carrier to remove temporary facilities............................................... 90

8B......... Low‑impact facility installed at or near a venue—annual limit.......... 91

8C......... Low‑impact facility installed to provide additional capacity during a high‑demand holiday period—annual limit    91

9............ Carrier to restore land—general........................................................ 92

9A......... Carrier to restore land—removal of temporary facilities.................... 92

10.......... Management of activities................................................................... 93

11.......... Agreements with public utilities........................................................ 94

12.......... Compliance with industry standards................................................. 94

13.......... Compliance with international agreements........................................ 94

14.......... Conditions specified in the regulations.............................................. 95

15.......... Conditions specified in a Ministerial Code of Practice...................... 95

16.......... Conditions to which a facility installation permit is subject............... 95

17.......... Notice to owner of land—general..................................................... 96

18.......... Notice to owner of land—lopping of trees etc................................... 98

19.......... Notice to roads authorities, utilities etc.............................................. 99

20.......... Roads etc. to remain open for passage............................................ 100

Division 6—Facility installation permits                                                        101

21.......... Application for facility installation permit....................................... 101

22.......... Form of application......................................................................... 101

23.......... Application to be accompanied by charge....................................... 101

24.......... Withdrawal of application............................................................... 101

25.......... Issue of facility installation permit................................................... 101

26.......... Deemed refusal of facility installation permit.................................. 102

27.......... Criteria for issue of facility installation permit................................. 103

28.......... Special provisions relating to environmental matters....................... 110

29.......... Consultation with the ACCC.......................................................... 111

30.......... Facility installation permit has effect subject to this Act.................. 111

31.......... Duration of facility installation permit............................................. 111

32.......... Conditions of facility installation permit.......................................... 112

33.......... Surrender of facility installation permit........................................... 112

34.......... Cancellation of facility installation permit........................................ 112

35.......... Review of decisions by Administrative Appeals Tribunal.............. 113

Division 7—Exemptions from State and Territory laws                       114

36.......... Activities not generally exempt from State and Territory laws........ 114

37.......... Exemption from State and Territory laws........................................ 114

38.......... Concurrent operation of State and Territory laws............................ 115

39.......... Liability to taxation not affected...................................................... 115

Division 8—Miscellaneous                                                                                     116

41.......... Guidelines....................................................................................... 116

42.......... Compensation................................................................................. 116

43.......... Power extends to carrier’s employees etc........................................ 117

44.......... State and Territory laws that discriminate against carriers and users of carriage services         117

45.......... State and Territory laws may confer powers and immunities on carriers  119

46.......... ACMA may limit tort liability in relation to the supply of certain carriage services  119

47.......... Ownership of facilities.................................................................... 120

48.......... ACMA may inform the public about designated overhead lines, telecommunications transmission towers and underground facilities...................................................................... 120

50.......... Monitoring of progress in relation to placing facilities underground 122

51.......... Removal of certain overhead lines................................................... 122

52.......... Commonwealth laws not displaced................................................. 125

53.......... Subdivider to pay for necessary alterations..................................... 125

54.......... Service of notices............................................................................ 125

Part 2—Transitional provisions                                                                                127

60.......... Existing buildings, structures and facilities—application of State and Territory laws               127

61.......... Existing buildings, structures and facilities—application of the common law          127

Part 3—Compensation for acquisition of property                                      128

62.......... Compensation for acquisition of property....................................... 128

63.......... Application of this Part................................................................... 129

Schedule 3A—Protection of submarine cables                            130

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                         130

1............ Simplified outline............................................................................ 130

2............ Definitions...................................................................................... 130

2A......... Extension to offshore areas............................................................. 136

2B......... Submarine cable installed in a protection zone................................ 136

Part 2—Protection zones                                                                                               137

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              137

3............ Simplified outline............................................................................ 137

Division 2—Declaration of protection zones                                               138

Subdivision A—Declarations                                                                              138

4............ ACMA may declare a protection zone............................................ 138

5............ Declaration on ACMA’s initiative or in response to request........... 138

6............ Response to a request to declare a protection zone.......................... 138

7............ Decision not to declare a requested protection zone or to declare a different protection zone   139

8............ Location of submarine cable to be specified in declaration.............. 140

9............ Area of a protection zone................................................................ 140

10.......... Prohibited activities......................................................................... 141

11.......... Restricted activities.......................................................................... 143

12.......... Conditions....................................................................................... 144

13.......... When a declaration takes effect....................................................... 144

14.......... Duration of declaration.................................................................... 144

Subdivision B—Prerequisites to declaration of a protection zone            145

15.......... ACMA to develop a proposal for a protection zone........................ 145

16.......... ACMA to refer proposal to advisory committee............................. 145

17.......... ACMA to publish proposal etc....................................................... 146

17A....... ACMA to publish summary of proposal........................................ 146

18.......... Cable must be a submarine cable of national significance............... 147

19.......... Consultation with Environment Secretary....................................... 147

20.......... Matters the ACMA must have regard to......................................... 148

21.......... Environment and heritage considerations........................................ 148

22.......... Deadline for final decision about protection zone............................ 149

Division 3—Varying or revoking a declaration of a protection zone 151

Subdivision A—Variation or revocation                                                         151

23.......... ACMA may vary or revoke a declaration of a protection zone....... 151

24.......... Variation or revocation on ACMA’s initiative or in response to request  151

25.......... ACMA to notify affected carrier of request to vary or revoke a declaration             151

26.......... Response to a request to vary or revoke a declaration..................... 152

27.......... Decision not to vary or revoke a declaration after a request to do so 152

28.......... When a variation or revocation takes effect..................................... 153

29.......... Protection zone as varied must not exceed permitted area............... 153

Subdivision B—Prerequisites to variation or revocation of declaration 153

30.......... ACMA to develop a variation or revocation proposal..................... 153

31.......... ACMA to refer proposal to advisory committee............................. 153

32.......... ACMA to publish proposal etc....................................................... 154

32A....... ACMA to publish summary of proposal........................................ 154

33.......... Consultation with Environment Secretary....................................... 156

34.......... Matters the ACMA must have regard to......................................... 156

35.......... Deadline for final decision about varying or revoking a protection zone  156

Division 4—Offences in relation to a protection zone                            157

Subdivision A—Damaging a submarine cable                                               157

36.......... Damaging a submarine cable........................................................... 157

37.......... Negligently damaging a submarine cable........................................ 157

38.......... Defence to offences of damaging a submarine cable....................... 157

39.......... Master or owner of ship used in offence of damaging a submarine cable                158

Subdivision B—Engaging in prohibited or restricted activities                158

40.......... Engaging in prohibited or restricted activities.................................. 158

41.......... Aggravated offence of engaging in prohibited or restricted activities 159

42.......... Defences to offences of engaging in prohibited or restricted activities 160

43.......... Alternative verdict if aggravated offence not proven....................... 160

44.......... Master or owner of ship used in offence of engaging in prohibited or restricted activities       160

Subdivision C—Foreign nationals and foreign ships                                    161

44A....... Foreign nationals and foreign ships................................................ 161

Division 5—Miscellaneous                                                                                     163

45.......... Person may claim damages............................................................. 163

46.......... Indemnity for loss of anchor etc...................................................... 164

47.......... ACMA to notify relevant authorities of declaration, variation etc. of protection zone              164

48.......... Notice if carrier decommissions a submarine cable......................... 165

49.......... Composition of advisory committee................................................ 165

Part 3—Permits to install submarine cables                                                      167

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              167

50.......... Simplified outline............................................................................ 167

Division 2—Protection zone installation permits                                       169

51.......... Application for a protection zone installation permit....................... 169

52.......... Form of application etc.................................................................... 169

53.......... Application to be accompanied by charge....................................... 170

54.......... Withdrawal of application............................................................... 170

54A....... Notification of change of circumstances.......................................... 170

55.......... Further information......................................................................... 171

55A....... Consultation.................................................................................... 171

56.......... Grant or refusal of permit................................................................ 173

57.......... Matters to which the ACMA must have regard in making a decision about a permit               174

57A....... Refusal of permit—security............................................................ 174

58.......... Timing of decision on application................................................... 175

58A....... Conditions of permit....................................................................... 177

59.......... Duration of permit........................................................................... 178

60.......... Surrender of permit......................................................................... 178

61.......... Extension of permit......................................................................... 178

62.......... Suspension or cancellation of permit............................................... 178

63.......... Exemption from State and Territory laws........................................ 179

Division 3—Non‑protection zone installation permits                            181

64.......... Application for a permit to install an international submarine cable in Australian waters (otherwise than in a protection zone or coastal waters).................................................................... 181

65.......... Form of application etc.................................................................... 181

66.......... Application to be accompanied by charge....................................... 182

67.......... Withdrawal of application............................................................... 182

67A....... Notification of change of circumstances.......................................... 182

68.......... Further information......................................................................... 182

69.......... Grant or refusal of permit................................................................ 183

70.......... Consultation.................................................................................... 183

71.......... Matters to which the ACMA must have regard in making a decision about a permit               185

72A....... Refusal of permit—security............................................................ 185

73.......... Timing of decision on application................................................... 186

73A....... Conditions of permit....................................................................... 188

74.......... Duration of permit........................................................................... 189

75.......... Surrender of permit......................................................................... 189

76.......... Extension of permit......................................................................... 189

77.......... Suspension or cancellation of permit............................................... 189

Division 4—Conditions applicable to the installation of submarine cables          191

78.......... Application of this Division............................................................ 191

79.......... Installation to do as little damage as practicable............................... 191

80.......... Management of installation activities............................................... 191

81.......... Compliance with industry standards............................................... 192

82.......... Compliance with international agreements...................................... 192

83.......... Conditions specified in the regulations............................................ 192

83A....... Attorney‑General’s consent required for certain enforcement proceedings              192

Division 5—Offences in relation to installation of submarine cables 194

84.......... Installing an international submarine cable without a permit........... 194

84A....... Installing a domestic submarine cable without a permit................... 194

85.......... Breaching conditions of a permit..................................................... 195

86.......... Failing to comply with ACMA direction to remove an unlawfully installed international submarine cable              196

86A....... Failing to comply with ACMA direction to remove an unlawfully installed domestic submarine cable   196

Part 4—Compensation                                                                                                    198

87.......... Compensation................................................................................. 198

88.......... Compensation for acquisition of property....................................... 198

Part 5—Miscellaneous                                                                                                     200

89.......... Delegation by the Secretary of the Attorney‑General’s Department 200

90.......... Delegation by the Home Affairs Secretary...................................... 200

Schedule 4—Reviewable decisions of the ACMA                     201

Part 1—Decisions that may be subject to reconsideration by the ACMA               201

1............ Reviewable decisions of the ACMA............................................... 201

Part 2—Decisions to which section 556 does not apply                               205

2............ Decisions to which section 556 does not apply............................... 205

Endnotes                                                                                                                                  206

Endnote 1—About the endnotes                                                                          206

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key                                                                              208

Endnote 3—Legislation history                                                                           209

Endnote 4—Amendment history                                                                         224


Schedule 1Standard carrier licence conditions

Note:       See section 61.

Part 1Compliance with this Act

  

1  Compliance with this Act

             (1)  A carrier must comply with this Act.

             (2)  In this clause:

this Act includes the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999 and regulations under that Act and Chapter 5 of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979.

Part 3Access to supplementary facilities

  

16  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      Carriers must provide other carriers with access to facilities for the purpose of enabling the other carriers to:

               (a)     provide competitive facilities and competitive carriage services; or

              (b)     establish their own facilities.

17  Access to supplementary facilities

             (1)  A carrier (the first carrier) must, if requested to do so by another carrier (the second carrier) give the second carrier access to facilities owned or operated by the first carrier.

             (2)  The first carrier is not required to comply with subclause (1) unless:

                     (a)  the access is provided for the sole purpose of enabling the second carrier:

                              (i)  to provide competitive facilities and competitive carriage services; or

                             (ii)  to establish its own facilities; and

                     (b)  the second carrier’s request is reasonable; and

                     (c)  the second carrier gives the first carrier reasonable notice that the second carrier requires the access; and

                     (d)  in a case where the facilities do not consist of customer cabling or customer equipment—the facilities:

                              (i)  were in place on 30 June 1991; or

                             (ii)  were not in place on 30 June 1991, and were not obtained after that date by the first carrier solely by means of commercial negotiation.

          (2A)  Subclause (1) does not impose an obligation to the extent (if any) to which the imposition of the obligation would have any of the following effects:

                     (a)  depriving any person of a right under a contract that was in force at the time the request was made;

                     (b)  preventing Telstra from complying with an undertaking in force under section 577A, 577C or 577E;

                     (c)  if a final migration plan is in force—requiring Telstra to engage in conduct in connection with matters covered by the final migration plan.

          (2B)  If, at the time the request was made:

                     (a)  one or more provisions (the contingent provisions) of a contract have not come into force because:

                              (i)  the contingent provisions are subject to a condition precedent; and

                             (ii)  the condition precedent has not been satisfied; and

                     (b)  there is a possibility that the condition precedent could become satisfied; and

                     (c)  assuming that the condition precedent had been satisfied:

                              (i)  the contingent provisions would come into force; and

                             (ii)  the person would have a right under the contingent provisions;

paragraph (2A)(a) has effect, in relation to the contract, as if, at the time the request was made:

                     (d)  the contract was in force; and

                     (e)  the person had the right under the contract.

             (3)  For the purposes of this clause, in determining whether the second carrier’s request is reasonable, regard must be had to the question whether compliance with the request will promote the long‑term interests of end‑users of carriage services or of services supplied by means of carriage services. That question is to be determined in the same manner as it is determined for the purposes of Part XIC of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

             (4)  Subclause (3) is intended to limit the matters to which regard may be had.

          (4A)  For the purposes of subclause (1), if:

                     (a)  there is an agreement in force between Telstra and an NBN corporation; and

                     (b)  the agreement relates to the NBN corporation’s access to facilities owned or operated by Telstra; and

                     (c)  apart from this clause, the agreement would result in the NBN corporation being the operator of the facilities;

the NBN corporation is taken not to be the operator of the facilities.

             (5)  A reference in this clause to a facility is a reference to:

                     (a)  a facility as defined by section 7; or

                     (b)  land on which a facility mentioned in paragraph (a) is located; or

                     (c)  a building or structure on land referred to in paragraph (b); or

                     (d)  customer equipment, or customer cabling, connected to a telecommunications network owned or operated by a carrier.

             (6)  In this clause:

NBN corporation has the same meaning as in section 577BA.

18  Terms and conditions of access

             (1)  The first carrier (within the meaning of clause 17) must comply with subclause 17(1) on such terms and conditions as are:

                     (a)  agreed between the following parties:

                              (i)  the first carrier;

                             (ii)  the second carrier (within the meaning of that clause); or

                     (b)  failing agreement, determined by an arbitrator appointed by the parties.

If the parties fail to agree on the appointment of an arbitrator, the ACCC is to be the arbitrator.

             (2)  The regulations may make provision for and in relation to the conduct of an arbitration under this clause.

             (3)  The regulations may provide that, for the purposes of a particular arbitration conducted by the ACCC under this clause, the ACCC may be constituted by a single member, or a specified number of members, of the ACCC. For each such arbitration, that member or those members are to be nominated in writing by the Chairperson of the ACCC.

             (4)  Subclause (3) does not, by implication, limit subclause (2).

             (5)  A determination made in an arbitration under this clause must not be inconsistent with a Ministerial pricing determination in force under clause 19.

             (6)  An arbitrator must not make a determination under this clause if the determination would have the effect of:

                     (a)  preventing Telstra from complying with an undertaking in force under section 577A, 577C or 577E; or

                     (b)  if a final migration plan is in force—requiring Telstra to engage in conduct in connection with matters covered by the final migration plan.

             (7)  If:

                     (a)  an agreement mentioned in paragraph (1)(a) is in force; and

                     (b)  the agreement is in writing;

a determination under this clause has no effect to the extent to which it is inconsistent with the agreement.

19  Ministerial pricing determinations

             (1)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, make a determination setting out principles dealing with price‑related terms and conditions relating to the obligations imposed by subclause 17(1). The determination is to be known as a Ministerial pricing determination.

             (3)  In this clause:

price‑related terms and conditions means terms and conditions relating to price or a method of ascertaining price.

Part 4Access to network information

  

20  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      Carriers must provide other carriers with access to certain information relating to the operation of telecommunications networks.

21  Access to network information

             (1)  This clause applies to a carrier (the first carrier) if the first carrier supplies carriage services to another carrier (the second carrier).

             (2)  The first carrier must, if requested to do so by the second carrier, provide the second carrier with reasonable access to:

                     (a)  timely and detailed information from the first carrier’s operations support systems; and

                     (b)  timely and detailed traffic flow information.

             (3)  The first carrier is not required to comply with subclause (2) unless:

                     (a)  a purpose of the access is to enable the second carrier to undertake planning, maintenance or reconfiguration of the second carrier’s telecommunications network; and

                     (b)  the second carrier’s request is reasonable.

             (4)  If information is requested by the second carrier under subclause (2), the first carrier must make the information available to the second carrier as soon as practicable after the request is made.

             (5)  Clauses 22, 23, 24, 25 and 29 do not, by implication, limit this clause.

22  Access to information in databases

             (1)  This clause applies to a carrier (the first carrier) if the first carrier supplies carriage services to another carrier (the second carrier).

             (2)  The first carrier must, if requested to do so by the second carrier, provide the second carrier with reasonable access to timely and detailed information that:

                     (a)  is contained in the first carrier’s databases; and

                     (b)  relates to the manner in which the first carrier’s telecommunications network treats calls of a particular kind.

             (3)  The first carrier is not required to comply with subclause (2) unless:

                     (a)  a purpose of the access is to enable the second carrier to undertake planning, maintenance or reconfiguration of the second carrier’s telecommunications network; and

                     (b)  the second carrier’s request is reasonable.

             (4)  If information is requested by the second carrier under subclause (2), the first carrier must make the information available to the second carrier as soon as practicable after the request is made.

23  Access to network planning information

             (1)  This clause applies to a carrier (the first carrier) if the first carrier supplies carriage services to another carrier (the second carrier).

             (2)  The first carrier must, if requested to do so by the second carrier, provide the second carrier with timely and detailed telecommunications network planning information.

             (3)  The information is to include (but is not limited to) information relating to the following:

                     (a)  the volume or characteristics of traffic being offered by the first carrier to a telecommunications network of the second carrier;

                     (b)  the telecommunications network performance standards (if any) that have been set by the first carrier.

             (4)  The first carrier is not required to comply with subclause (2) unless:

                     (a)  a purpose of the provision of the information is to enable the second carrier to undertake planning for its own telecommunications network; and

                     (b)  the second carrier’s request is reasonable.

             (5)  If information is requested by the second carrier under subclause (2), the first carrier must make the information available to the second carrier as soon as practicable after the request is made.

24  Access to information about likely changes to network facilities—completion success rate of calls

             (1)  This clause applies to a carrier (the first carrier) if the first carrier supplies carriage services to another carrier (the second carrier).

             (2)  The first carrier must, if requested to do so by the second carrier, provide the second carrier with timely and detailed information that:

                     (a)  relates to likely changes to facilities on a telecommunications network of the first carrier; and

                     (b)  will affect the completion success rate of calls offered by the second carrier.

             (3)  The first carrier is not required to comply with subclause (2) unless:

                     (a)  a purpose of the provision of the information is to enable the second carrier to undertake planning for its own telecommunications network; and

                     (b)  the second carrier’s request is reasonable.

             (4)  If information is requested by the second carrier under subclause (2), the first carrier must make the information available to the second carrier as soon as practicable after the request is made.

25  Access to quality of service information etc.

             (1)  This clause applies to a carrier (the first carrier) if the first carrier supplies carriage services to another carrier (the second carrier).

             (2)  The first carrier must, if requested to do so by the second carrier, provide the second carrier with timely and detailed information relating to:

                     (a)  conditions affecting the quality of service experienced by customers of the second carrier; and

                     (b)  localisation of telecommunications network conditions affecting traffic offered by the second carrier to the first carrier’s telecommunications network; and

                     (c)  routing information allowing the second carrier to determine in which telecommunications network calls have failed; and

                     (d)  identification of switching or other equipment or facilities in each of the first carrier’s telecommunications networks which contribute to a level of uncompleted calls, affecting the second carrier’s offered traffic, beyond the threshold agreed by the first carrier and the second carrier and consistent with terms used in the relevant ITU(T) Recommendations; and

                     (e)  periodic summaries, in relation to the second carrier’s traffic, of unsuccessful call ratios across the first carrier’s telecommunications network, categorised by cause of call failure and including separate identification of telecommunications network difficulties and congestion; and

                      (f)  telecommunications network control actions taken by the first carrier which would affect the completion success rate of calls offered to the first carrier by the second carrier; and

                     (g)  such other matters (if any) as are specified in the regulations.

             (3)  The first carrier is not required to comply with subclause (2) unless the second carrier’s request is reasonable.

             (4)  If information is requested by the second carrier under subclause (2), the first carrier must make the information available to the second carrier as soon as practicable after the request is made.

             (5)  In this clause:

ITU(T) Recommendations means the E500, E600 and E700 series of recommendations dealing with quality of service, telecommunications network management and traffic engineering promulgated by the International Telecommunication Union, being recommendations in force on:

                     (a)  1 July 1997; or

                     (b)  such later date (if any) as is specified in the regulations.

26  Security procedures

             (1)  A carrier (the first carrier) is not required to give another carrier (the second carrier) information, or access to information, under clause 21, 22, 23, 24 or 25 unless the second carrier has in place security procedures:

                     (a)  agreed between the first carrier and the second carrier; or

                     (b)  failing agreement—determined in writing by the ACCC.

             (2)  For the purposes of subclause (1), security procedures are procedures designed to protect the confidentiality of information.

27  Terms and conditions of compliance

             (1)  The first carrier (within the meaning of clause 21, 22, 23, 24 or 25) must comply with a requirement imposed on the first carrier by that clause on such terms and conditions as are:

                     (a)  agreed between the following parties:

                              (i)  the first carrier;

                             (ii)  the second carrier (within the meaning of that clause); or

                     (b)  failing agreement, determined by an arbitrator appointed by the parties.

If the parties fail to agree on the appointment of an arbitrator, the ACCC is to be the arbitrator.

             (2)  The regulations may make provision for and in relation to the conduct of an arbitration under this clause.

             (3)  The regulations may provide that, for the purposes of a particular arbitration conducted by the ACCC under this clause, the ACCC may be constituted by a single member, or a specified number of members, of the ACCC. For each such arbitration, that member or those members are to be nominated in writing by the Chairperson of the ACCC.

             (4)  Subclause (3) does not, by implication, limit subclause (2).

             (5)  A determination made in an arbitration under this clause must not be inconsistent with a Ministerial pricing determination in force under clause 28.

27A  Code relating to access to information

             (1)  The ACCC may, by legislative instrument, make a Code setting out conditions that are to be complied with in relation to the provision of information, or access to information, under clause 21, 22, 23, 24 or 25.

             (2)  A carrier must comply with the Code.

             (3)  This clause does not, by implication, limit a power conferred by or under this Act to make an instrument.

             (4)  This clause does not, by implication, limit the matters that may be dealt with by codes or standards referred to in Part 6.

             (5)  Subclauses (3) and (4) do not, by implication, limit subsection 33(3B) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

28  Ministerial pricing determinations

             (1)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, make a determination setting out principles dealing with price‑related terms and conditions relating to an obligation imposed by clause 21, 22, 23, 24 or 25. The determination is to be known as a Ministerial pricing determination.

             (3)  In this clause:

price‑related terms and conditions means terms and conditions relating to price or a method of ascertaining price.

29  Consultation about reconfiguration etc.

             (1)  This clause applies to a carrier (the first carrier) if the first carrier supplies carriage services to another carrier (the second carrier).

             (2)  The first carrier must, if requested to do so by the second carrier, consult with the second carrier before modifying or reconfiguring the first carrier’s telecommunications network.

             (3)  The first carrier is not required to comply with subclause (2) unless the modification or reconfiguration has a bearing on the second carrier’s:

                     (a)  telecommunications network planning activities; or

                     (b)  telecommunications network maintenance activities; or

                     (c)  telecommunications network reconfiguration activities.

             (4)  The first carrier must comply with the requirement set out in subclause (2) on such terms and conditions as are:

                     (a)  agreed between the following parties:

                              (i)  the first carrier;

                             (ii)  the second carrier; or

                     (b)  failing agreement, determined by an arbitrator appointed by the parties.

If the parties fail to agree on the appointment of an arbitrator, the ACCC is to be the arbitrator.

             (5)  The regulations may make provision for and in relation to the conduct of an arbitration under this clause.

             (6)  The regulations may provide that, for the purposes of a particular arbitration conducted by the ACCC under this clause, the ACCC may be constituted by a single member, or a specified number of members, of the ACCC. For each such arbitration, that member or those members are to be nominated in writing by the Chairperson of the ACCC.

             (7)  Subclause (6) does not, by implication, limit subclause (5).

29A  Code relating to consultation

             (1)  The ACCC may, by legislative instrument, make a Code setting out conditions that are to be complied with in relation to consultations under clause 29.

             (2)  The Code may specify the manner and form in which a consultation is to occur.

             (3)  Subclause (2) does not, by implication, limit subclause (1).

             (4)  A carrier must comply with the Code.

             (5)  This clause does not, by implication, limit a power conferred by or under this Act to make an instrument.

             (6)  This clause does not, by implication, limit the matters that may be dealt with by codes or standards referred to in Part 6.

             (7)  Subclauses (5) and (6) do not, by implication, limit subsection 33(3B) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

Part 5Access to telecommunications transmission towers and to underground facilities

30  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      Carriers must provide other carriers with access to:

               (a)     telecommunications transmission towers; and

              (b)     the sites of telecommunications transmission towers; and

               (c)     underground facilities that are designed to hold lines.

31  Definitions

                   In this Part:

eligible underground facility means an underground facility that is used, installed ready to be used, or intended to be used, to hold lines.

NBN corporation has the same meaning as in section 577BA.

site means:

                     (a)  land; or

                     (b)  a building on land; or

                     (c)  a structure on land.

telecommunications transmission tower means:

                     (a)  a tower; or

                     (b)  a pole; or

                     (c)  a mast; or

                     (d)  a similar structure;

used to supply a carriage service by means of radiocommunications.

32  Extended meaning of access

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, giving access to a tower includes replacing the tower with another tower located on the same site and giving access to the replacement tower.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Part, giving access to a site on which is situated a tower includes replacing the tower with another tower located on the site.

33  Access to telecommunications transmission towers

             (1)  A carrier (the first carrier) must, if requested to do so by another carrier (the second carrier), give the second carrier access to a telecommunications transmission tower owned or operated by the first carrier.

             (2)  The first carrier is not required to comply with subclause (1) unless:

                     (a)  the access is provided for the sole purpose of enabling the second carrier to install a facility used, or for use, in connection with the supply of a carriage service by means of radiocommunications; and

                     (b)  the second carrier gives the first carrier reasonable notice that the second carrier requires the access.

             (3)  The first carrier is not required to comply with subclause (1) in relation to a particular telecommunications transmission tower if there is in force a written certificate issued by the ACCC stating that, in the ACCC’s opinion, compliance with subclause (1) in relation to that tower is not technically feasible.

             (4)  In determining whether compliance with subclause (1) in relation to a tower is technically feasible, the ACCC must have regard to:

                     (a)  whether compliance is likely to result in significant difficulties of a technical or engineering nature; and

                     (b)  whether compliance is likely to result in a significant threat to the health or safety of persons who operate, or work on, the tower; and

                     (c)  if compliance is likely to have a result referred to in paragraph (a) or (b)—whether there are practicable means of avoiding such a result, including (but not limited to):

                              (i)  changing the configuration or operating parameters of a facility situated on the tower; and

                             (ii)  making alterations to the tower; and

                     (d)  such other matters (if any) as the ACCC considers relevant.

          (4A)  Before issuing a certificate under subclause (3), the ACCC may consult the ACMA.

             (5)  If the ACCC receives a request to make a decision about the issue of a certificate under subclause (3), the ACCC must use its best endeavours to make that decision within 10 business days after the request was made.

             (6)  Subclause (1) does not impose an obligation to the extent (if any) to which the imposition of the obligation would have any of the following effects:

                     (a)  depriving any person of a right under a contract that was in force at the time the request was made;

                     (b)  preventing Telstra from complying with an undertaking in force under section 577A, 577C or 577E;

                     (c)  if a final migration plan is in force—requiring Telstra to engage in conduct in connection with matters covered by the final migration plan.

             (7)  If, at the time the request was made:

                     (a)  one or more provisions (the contingent provisions) of a contract have not come into force because:

                              (i)  the contingent provisions are subject to a condition precedent; and

                             (ii)  the condition precedent has not been satisfied; and

                     (b)  there is a possibility that the condition precedent could become satisfied; and

                     (c)  assuming that the condition precedent had been satisfied:

                              (i)  the contingent provisions would come into force; and

                             (ii)  the person would have a right under the contingent provisions;

paragraph (6)(a) has effect, in relation to the contract, as if, at the time the request was made:

                     (d)  the contract was in force; and

                     (e)  the person had the right under the contract.

             (8)  For the purposes of subclause (1), if:

                     (a)  there is an agreement in force between Telstra and an NBN corporation; and

                     (b)  the agreement relates to the NBN corporation’s access to a telecommunications transmission tower owned or operated by Telstra; and

                     (c)  apart from this clause, the agreement would result in the NBN corporation being the operator of the telecommunications transmission tower;

the NBN corporation is taken not to be the operator of the telecommunications transmission tower.

34  Access to sites of telecommunications transmission towers

             (1)  A carrier (the first carrier) must, if requested to do so by another carrier (the second carrier), give the second carrier access to a site if:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  the site is owned, occupied or controlled by the first carrier; or

                             (ii)  the first carrier has a right (whether conditional or unconditional) to use the site; and

                     (b)  there is situated on the site a telecommunications transmission tower owned or operated by the first carrier.

             (2)  The first carrier is not required to comply with subclause (1) unless:

                     (a)  the access is provided for the sole purpose of enabling the second carrier to install a facility used, or for use, in connection with the supply of a carriage service by means of radiocommunications; and

                     (b)  the second carrier gives the first carrier reasonable notice that the second carrier requires the access.

             (3)  The first carrier is not required to comply with subclause (1) in relation to a particular site if there is in force a written certificate issued by the ACCC stating that, in the ACCC’s opinion, compliance with subclause (1) in relation to that site is not technically feasible.

             (4)  In determining whether compliance with subclause (1) in relation to a site is technically feasible, the ACCC must have regard to:

                     (a)  whether compliance is likely to result in significant difficulties of a technical or engineering nature; and

                     (b)  whether compliance is likely to result in a significant threat to the health or safety of persons who operate, or work on, a facility situated on the site; and

                     (c)  if compliance is likely to have a result referred to in paragraph (a) or (b)—whether there are practicable means of avoiding such a result, including (but not limited to):

                              (i)  changing the configuration or operating parameters of a facility situated on the site; and

                             (ii)  making alterations to a facility situated on the site; and

                     (d)  such other matters (if any) as the ACCC considers relevant.

          (4A)  Before issuing a certificate under subclause (3), the ACCC may consult the ACMA.

             (5)  If the ACCC receives a request to make a decision about the issue of a certificate under subclause (3), the ACCC must use its best endeavours to make that decision within 10 business days after the request was made.

             (6)  Subclause (1) does not impose an obligation to the extent (if any) to which the imposition of the obligation would have any of the following effects:

                     (a)  depriving any person of a right under a contract that was in force at the time the request was made;

                     (b)  preventing Telstra from complying with an undertaking in force under section 577A, 577C or 577E;

                     (c)  if a final migration plan is in force—requiring Telstra to engage in conduct in connection with matters covered by the final migration plan.

             (7)  If, at the time the request was made:

                     (a)  one or more provisions (the contingent provisions) of a contract have not come into force because:

                              (i)  the contingent provisions are subject to a condition precedent; and

                             (ii)  the condition precedent has not been satisfied; and

                     (b)  there is a possibility that the condition precedent could become satisfied; and

                     (c)  assuming that the condition precedent had been satisfied:

                              (i)  the contingent provisions would come into force; and

                             (ii)  the person would have a right under the contingent provisions;

paragraph (6)(a) has effect, in relation to the contract, as if, at the time the request was made:

                     (d)  the contract was in force; and

                     (e)  the person had the right under the contract.

             (8)  For the purposes of subclause (1), if:

                     (a)  there is an agreement in force between Telstra and an NBN corporation; and

                     (b)  the agreement relates to the NBN corporation’s access to the site of a telecommunications transmission tower, where:

                              (i)  the site is owned, operated or controlled by Telstra; or

                             (ii)  Telstra has a right (whether conditional or unconditional) to use the site; and

                     (c)  apart from this clause, the agreement would result in the NBN corporation:

                              (i)  being the occupier or controller of the site; or

                             (ii)  having a right (whether conditional or unconditional) to use the site;

the NBN corporation is taken:

                     (d)  not to be the occupier or controller of the site; and

                     (e)  not to have a right (whether conditional or unconditional) to use the site.

35  Access to eligible underground facilities

             (1)  A carrier (the first carrier) must, if requested to do so by another carrier (the second carrier), give the second carrier access to an eligible underground facility owned or operated by the first carrier.

             (2)  The first carrier is not required to comply with subclause (1) unless:

                     (a)  the access is provided for the sole purpose of enabling the second carrier to install a line used, or for use, in connection with the supply of a carriage service; and

                     (b)  the second carrier gives the first carrier reasonable notice that the second carrier requires the access.

             (3)  The first carrier is not required to comply with subclause (1) in relation to a particular eligible underground facility if there is in force a written certificate issued by the ACCC stating that, in the ACCC’s opinion, compliance with subclause (1) in relation to that facility is not technically feasible.

             (4)  In determining whether compliance with subclause (1) in relation to an eligible underground facility is technically feasible, the ACCC must have regard to:

                     (a)  whether compliance is likely to result in significant difficulties of a technical or engineering nature; and

                     (b)  whether compliance is likely to result in a significant threat to the health or safety of persons who operate, or work on, the eligible underground facility; and

                     (c)  if compliance is likely to have a result referred to in paragraph (a) or (b)—whether there are practicable means of avoiding such a result, including (but not limited to):

                              (i)  changing the configuration or operating parameters of the eligible underground facility; and

                             (ii)  making alterations to the eligible underground facility; and

                     (d)  such other matters (if any) as the ACCC considers relevant.

          (4A)  Before issuing a certificate under subclause (3), the ACCC may consult the ACMA.

             (5)  If the ACCC receives a request to make a decision about the issue of a certificate under subclause (3), the ACCC must use its best endeavours to make that decision within 10 business days after the request was made.

             (6)  Subclause (1) does not impose an obligation to the extent (if any) to which the imposition of the obligation would have any of the following effects:

                     (a)  depriving any person of a right under a contract that was in force at the time the request was made;

                     (b)  preventing Telstra from complying with an undertaking in force under section 577A, 577C or 577E;

                     (c)  if a final migration plan is in force—requiring Telstra to engage in conduct in connection with matters covered by the final migration plan.

             (7)  If, at the time the request was made:

                     (a)  one or more provisions (the contingent provisions) of a contract have not come into force because:

                              (i)  the contingent provisions are subject to a condition precedent; and

                             (ii)  the condition precedent has not been satisfied; and

                     (b)  there is a possibility that the condition precedent could become satisfied; and

                     (c)  assuming that the condition precedent had been satisfied:

                              (i)  the contingent provisions would come into force; and

                             (ii)  the person would have a right under the contingent provisions;

paragraph (6)(a) has effect, in relation to the contract, as if, at the time the request was made:

                     (d)  the contract was in force; and

                     (e)  the person had the right under the contract.

             (8)  For the purposes of subclause (1), if:

                     (a)  there is an agreement in force between Telstra and an NBN corporation; and

                     (b)  the agreement relates to the NBN corporation’s access to an eligible underground facility owned or operated by Telstra; and

                     (c)  apart from this clause, the agreement would result in the NBN corporation being the operator of the eligible underground facility;

the NBN corporation is taken not to be the operator of the eligible underground facility.

36  Terms and conditions of access

             (1)  The first carrier (within the meaning of clause 33) must comply with subclause 33(1) on such terms and conditions as are:

                     (a)  agreed between the following parties:

                              (i)  the first carrier;

                             (ii)  the second carrier (within the meaning of that clause); or

                     (b)  failing agreement, determined by an arbitrator appointed by the parties.

If the parties fail to agree on the appointment of an arbitrator, the ACCC is to be the arbitrator.

             (2)  The first carrier (within the meaning of clause 34) must comply with subclause 34(1) on such terms and conditions as are:

                     (a)  agreed between the following parties:

                              (i)  the first carrier;

                             (ii)  the second carrier (within the meaning of that clause); or

                     (b)  failing agreement, determined by an arbitrator appointed by the parties.

If the parties fail to agree on the appointment of an arbitrator, the ACCC is to be the arbitrator.

             (3)  The first carrier (within the meaning of clause 35) must comply with subclause 35(1) on such terms and conditions as are:

                     (a)  agreed between the following parties:

                              (i)  the first carrier;

                             (ii)  the second carrier (within the meaning of that clause); or

                     (b)  failing agreement, determined by an arbitrator appointed by the parties.

If the parties fail to agree on the appointment of an arbitrator, the ACCC is to be the arbitrator.

             (4)  The regulations may make provision for and in relation to the conduct of an arbitration under this clause.

             (5)  The regulations may provide that, for the purposes of a particular arbitration conducted by the ACCC under this clause, the ACCC may be constituted by a single member, or a specified number of members, of the ACCC. For each such arbitration, that member or those members are to be nominated in writing by the Chairperson of the ACCC.

             (6)  Subclause (5) does not, by implication, limit subclause (4).

             (7)  An arbitrator must not make a determination under this clause if the determination would have the effect of:

                     (a)  preventing Telstra from complying with an undertaking in force under section 577A, 577C or 577E; or

                     (b)  if a final migration plan is in force—requiring Telstra to engage in conduct in connection with matters covered by the final migration plan.

             (8)  If:

                     (a)  an agreement mentioned in paragraph (1)(a), (2)(a) or (3)(a) is in force; and

                     (b)  the agreement is in writing;

a determination under this clause has no effect to the extent to which it is inconsistent with the agreement.

37  Code relating to access

             (1)  The ACCC may, by legislative instrument, make a Code setting out conditions that are to be complied with in relation to the provision of access under this Part.

             (2)  A carrier must comply with the Code.

             (3)  This clause does not, by implication, limit a power conferred by or under this Act to make an instrument.

             (4)  This clause does not, by implication, limit the matters that may be dealt with by codes or standards referred to in Part 6.

             (5)  Subclauses (3) and (4) do not, by implication, limit subsection 33(3B) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

38  Industry co‑operation about sharing of sites and eligible underground facilities

                   A carrier, in planning the provision of future carriage services, must co‑operate with other carriers to share sites and eligible underground facilities.

39  This Part does not limit Part 3 of this Schedule

                   This Part does not, by implication, limit Part 3 of this Schedule.

Part 6Inspection of facilities etc.

40  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      Carriers must keep records about their designated overhead lines, telecommunications transmission towers and underground facilities.

•      Carriers must inspect their facilities regularly.

•      Carriers must investigate their facilities if there are reasonable grounds to suspect that the facilities are likely to endanger:

               (a)     the health or safety of persons; or

              (b)     property.

•      Carriers must take any remedial action that is reasonably required following such an inspection or investigation.

41  Records relating to underground facilities

             (1)  If a carrier owns or operates designated overhead lines, the carrier must keep and maintain records of the kind and location of those lines.

             (2)  If a carrier owns or operates telecommunications transmission towers, the carrier must keep and maintain records of the kind and location of those towers.

             (3)  If a carrier owns or operates underground facilities, the carrier must keep and maintain records of:

                     (a)  the kind and location of those facilities; and

                     (b)  if any of those facilities is an eligible underground facility—the capacity of that facility to hold further lines.

             (4)  A carrier must not, in purported compliance with subclause (1), (2) or (3), make a record of any matter or thing in such a way that it does not correctly record the matter or thing.

             (5)  In this clause:

designated overhead line has the same meaning as in Schedule 3.

eligible underground facility means an underground facility that is used, installed ready to be used, or intended to be used, to hold lines.

telecommunications transmission tower means:

                     (a)  a tower; or

                     (b)  a pole; or

                     (c)  a mast; or

                     (d)  a similar structure;

used to supply a carriage service by means of radiocommunications.

42  Regular inspection of facilities

             (1)  If a facility is owned or operated by a carrier, the carrier must inspect that facility regularly.

             (2)  In determining the regularity of inspections required by subclause (1), regard must be had to good engineering practice.

43  Prompt investigation of dangerous facilities

                   If:

                     (a)  a facility is owned or operated by a carrier; and

                     (b)  the carrier has reasonable grounds to suspect that the condition of the facility is likely to endanger:

                              (i)  the health or safety of persons; or

                             (ii)  property;

the carrier must investigate promptly the condition of the facility.

44  Remedial action

             (1)  A carrier must take any remedial action that is reasonably required following an inspection under clause 42.

             (2)  A carrier must take any remedial action that is reasonably required following an investigation under clause 43.

             (3)  A carrier must comply with subclause (1) or (2) as soon as practicable after the carrier becomes aware of the need to take the remedial action concerned.

Part 7Any‑to‑any connectivity

  

44A  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      If a carriage service provider’s telecommunications network is interconnected with a carrier’s telecommunications network, the carrier must obtain a designated interconnection service from the carriage service provider for the purpose of ensuring any‑to‑any connectivity.

45  Definitions

                   In this Part:

active declared service means:

                     (a)  an active declared service within the meaning of section 152AR of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010; or

                     (b)  a declared service (within the meaning of subsection 152AL(8A) of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010) that an NBN corporation supplies (whether to itself or to other persons); or

                     (c)  a declared service within the meaning of subsection 152AL(8D) or (8E) of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

Note:          Subsections 152AL(8A), (8D) and (8E) of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 deal with services supplied by an NBN corporation.

designated interconnection service has the meaning given by clause 47.

eligible service has the same meaning as in section 152AL of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

46  Carriers must obtain designated interconnection services from carriage service providers for the purpose of ensuring any‑to‑any connectivity

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a carrier owns, or supplies a carriage service over, a telecommunications network (the carrier’s telecommunications network); and

                     (b)  a carriage service provider supplies a carriage service over a telecommunications network (the carriage service provider’s telecommunications network); and

                     (c)  any of the following subparagraphs applies:

                              (i)  the carriage service provider’s telecommunications network is interconnected with the carrier’s telecommunications network;

                             (ii)  the carriage service provider’s telecommunications network is to be interconnected with the carrier’s telecommunications network;

                            (iii)  the carriage service provider is seeking to have the carriage service provider’s telecommunications network interconnected with the carrier’s telecommunications network; and

                     (d)  the carriage service provider requests the carrier to obtain from the carriage service provider a designated interconnection service for the purpose of ensuring that each end‑user who is:

                              (i)  connected to the carrier’s telecommunications network; and

                             (ii)  supplied with a carriage service that involves communication between end‑users;

                            is able to communicate, by means of that carriage service, with an end‑user who is connected to the carriage service provider’s telecommunications network;

the carrier must obtain the designated interconnection service from the carriage service provider.

             (2)  The designated interconnection service is to be obtained on such terms and conditions as are:

                     (a)  agreed between the carrier and the carriage service provider; or

                     (b)  failing agreement, determined by an arbitrator appointed by the parties.

If the parties fail to agree on the appointment of an arbitrator, the ACCC is to be the arbitrator.

             (3)  The regulations may make provision for and in relation to the conduct of an arbitration under this clause.

             (4)  The regulations may provide that, for the purposes of a particular arbitration conducted by the ACCC under this clause, the ACCC may be constituted by a single member, or a specified number of members, of the ACCC. For each such arbitration, that member or those members are to be nominated in writing by the Chairperson of the ACCC.

             (5)  Subclause (4) does not, by implication, limit subclause (3).

47  Designated interconnection services

             (1)  The Minister may, by written instrument, declare that a specified eligible service is a designated interconnection service for the purposes of this Part.

             (2)  A declaration under subclause (1) has effect accordingly.

             (3)  Before making a declaration under subclause (1) in relation to a service that is not an active declared service, the Minister must, by writing, request the ACCC to give a written report about whether the proposed declaration would promote the achievement of the objective of any‑to‑any connectivity (as defined by subsection 152AB(8) of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010).

             (4)  The ACCC must give the report to the Minister within 30 days after receiving the request.

             (5)  In deciding whether to make the declaration, the Minister must have regard to:

                     (a)  the ACCC’s report; and

                     (b)  such other matters (if any) as the Minister considers relevant.

             (6)  A declaration under subclause (1) is a legislative instrument.

Part 9Functional separation of Telstra

Division 1Introduction

68  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

        Telstra must prepare a draft functional separation undertaking.

        A final functional separation undertaking is a draft functional separation undertaking that has been approved by the Minister.

        Telstra must comply with a final functional separation undertaking.

        However, Telstra is not required to prepare a draft functional separation undertaking if an undertaking about structural separation is in force under section 577A.

69  Definitions

                   In this Part:

business unit means a part of Telstra.

declared network service has the meaning given by clause 70.

eligible service has the same meaning as in section 152AL of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

equivalence means:

                     (a)  equivalence in relation to terms and conditions relating to price or a method of ascertaining price; and

                     (b)  equivalence in relation to other terms and conditions.

functional includes organisational.

functional separation principles means the principles set out in clause 74.

functional separation requirements determination means a determination under clause 75.

quarter means a period of 3 months beginning on 1 January, 1 April, 1 July or 1 October.

regulated service has the meaning given by clause 71.

retail business unit means a business unit by which Telstra deals with its retail customers.

supply, in relation to a service, includes supply by Telstra of the service to itself.

wholesale/network business unit means the business unit of Telstra:

                     (a)  that supplies the following:

                              (i)  fault detection, handling and rectification;

                             (ii)  service activation and provisioning;

                            (iii)  declared network services;

                            to Telstra’s retail business units, and Telstra’s wholesale customers, in relation to eligible services; and

                     (b)  by which Telstra deals with its wholesale customers.

70  Declared network services

                   For the purposes of this Part, a declared network service is a service specified in a legislative instrument made by the Minister for the purposes of this clause.

71  Regulated services

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, a regulated service is a declared service within the meaning of Part XIC of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

             (2)  Subclause (1) has effect subject to subclause (3).

             (3)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine that a specified service is not a regulated service for the purposes of this Part.

             (4)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine that a specified eligible service is a regulated service for the purposes of this Part.

72  Notional contracts

                   For the purposes of this Part:

                     (a)  a notional contract (however described) between any of Telstra’s business units is to be treated as if it were an actual contract; and

                     (b)  any terms and conditions (whether or not relating to price or a method of ascertaining price) in such a notional contract are to be treated as if they were actual terms and conditions.

Division 2Functional separation undertaking

73  Contents of draft or final functional separation undertaking

             (1)  A draft or final functional separation undertaking must:

                     (a)  comply with the functional separation principles; and

                     (b)  contain provisions requiring Telstra to establish and maintain a committee to be known as the Oversight and Equivalence Board; and

                     (c)  contain provisions requiring Telstra to require the Oversight and Equivalence Board:

                              (i)  within a specified period after the end of each quarter during which a final functional separation undertaking is in force, to prepare a report about the extent (if any) to which Telstra complied with the undertaking during that quarter; and

                             (ii)  to give a copy of the report to the ACCC and to Telstra’s board of directors; and

                     (d)  comply with such requirements (if any) as are specified in a functional separation requirements determination.

Note 1:       For the functional separation principles, see clause 74.

Note 2:       For the functional separation requirements determination, see clause 75.

             (2)  For the purposes of subparagraph (1)(c)(i), if a final functional separation undertaking is in force throughout a part, but not the whole, of a particular quarter, that part is taken to be a quarter in its own right.

             (3)  If a final functional separation undertaking provides for the ACCC to perform functions or exercise powers in relation to the undertaking, the ACCC may perform those functions, and exercise those powers, in accordance with the undertaking.

74  Functional separation principles

             (1)  The functional separation principles are as follows:

                     (a)  the principle that there should be equivalence in relation to the supply by Telstra of regulated services to:

                              (i)  Telstra’s wholesale customers; and

                             (ii)  Telstra’s retail business units;

                     (b)  the principle that Telstra should maintain:

                              (i)  one or more retail business units; and

                             (ii)  a wholesale/network business unit;

                     (c)  the principle that Telstra should maintain arm’s length functional separation between:

                              (i)  its wholesale/network business unit; and

                             (ii)  its retail business units;

                     (d)  the principle that Telstra should have systems, procedures and practices that relate to:

                              (i)  compliance with a final functional separation undertaking; and

                             (ii)  monitoring of, and reporting on, compliance with a final functional separation undertaking; and

                            (iii)  the development of performance measures relating to compliance with a final functional separation undertaking; and

                            (iv)  independent audit, and other checks, of compliance with a final functional separation undertaking;

                     (e)  the principle that Telstra’s wholesale/network business unit should not consult Telstra’s retail business units about:

                              (i)  proposed services to be supplied by Telstra’s wholesale/network business unit; or

                             (ii)  proposed developments in connection with services supplied by Telstra’s wholesale/network business unit;

                            unless Telstra’s wholesale/network business unit also consults Telstra’s wholesale customers at the same time and in the same manner.

             (2)  In determining the principle of equivalence covered by paragraph (1)(a), regard must be had to whether:

                     (a)  the terms and conditions relating to price or a method of ascertaining price; and

                     (b)  other terms and conditions;

on which Telstra supplies regulated services to its wholesale customers are no less favourable than the terms and conditions on which Telstra supplies those services to its retail business units.

             (3)  Subclause (2) does not limit the matters to which regard may be had.

             (4)  To avoid doubt, this clause does not affect the meaning of anything in Part 33.

75  Functional separation requirements determination

             (1)  The Minister may make a written determination (a functional separation requirements determination) specifying requirements to be complied with by a draft or final functional separation undertaking.

             (2)  A functional separation requirements determination may deal with the manner in which the functional separation principles are to be implemented.

             (3)  A functional separation requirements determination may deal with the manner in which a requirement set out in paragraph 73(1)(b) or (c) is to be met.

Note:          Clause 73 deals with the contents of a draft or final functional separation undertaking.

             (4)  Subclauses (2) and (3) do not limit subclause (1).

          (4A)  Before making or varying a functional separation requirements determination, the Minister must:

                     (a)  cause to be published on the Department’s website a notice:

                              (i)  setting out the determination or variation; and

                             (ii)  inviting persons to make submissions to the Minister about the determination or variation within 14 days after the notice is published; and

                     (b)  give the ACCC a copy of the notice; and

                     (c)  consider any submissions received within the 14‑day period mentioned in paragraph (a); and

                     (d)  ask the ACCC to give advice to the Minister, within 28 days after the publication of the notice, about the determination or variation; and

                     (e)  have regard to any advice given by the ACCC.

          (4B)  Subclause (4A) does not, by implication, prevent the Minister from asking the ACCC to give the Minister additional advice about a matter arising under this clause.

             (5)  The Minister must ensure that a functional separation requirements determination comes into force within 90 days after the commencement of this clause.

          (5A)  Subclause (5) does not apply if, before the end of the period applicable under subclause (5):

                     (a)  the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  an undertaking given by Telstra is in force under section 577A;

                             (ii)  the undertaking requires Telstra to give the ACCC a draft migration plan;

                            (iii)  in accordance with the undertaking, Telstra has given the ACCC a draft migration plan;

                            (iv)  the ACCC has approved the draft migration plan under section 577BD, 577BDA, 577BDB or 577BDC; or

                     (b)  both:

                              (i)  an undertaking given by Telstra is in force under section 577A; and

                             (ii)  the undertaking does not require Telstra to give the ACCC a draft migration plan.

Note:          Section 577A deals with undertakings about structural separation.

          (5B)  The Minister may, by writing, extend or further extend the 90‑day period referred to in subclause (5) so long as the extension, or the total of the extensions, does not exceed 18 months.

          (5C)  The Minister must not make an instrument under subclause (5B) unless:

                     (a)  Telstra satisfies the Minister that Telstra is preparing an undertaking under section 577A; or

                     (b)  both:

                              (i)  Telstra has given the ACCC an undertaking under section 577A; and

                             (ii)  the ACCC has not decided whether to accept the undertaking; or

                     (c)  the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  Telstra has given the ACCC an undertaking under section 577A;

                             (ii)  the ACCC has decided to accept the undertaking;

                            (iii)  that decision is expressed to be subject to the occurrence of one or more specified events within a specified period;

                            (iv)  the undertaking is not in force;

                             (v)  that period has not ended; or

                     (d)  the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  an undertaking given by Telstra is in force under section 577A;

                             (ii)  the undertaking requires Telstra to give the ACCC a draft migration plan;

                            (iii)  Telstra satisfies the Minister that Telstra is preparing a draft migration plan to be given to the ACCC in accordance with the undertaking; or

                     (e)  the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  an undertaking given by Telstra is in force under section 577A;

                             (ii)  the undertaking requires Telstra to give the ACCC a draft migration plan;

                            (iii)  Telstra has given the ACCC a draft migration plan in accordance with the undertaking;

                            (iv)  the ACCC has not decided whether to approve the draft migration plan under section 577BD, 577BDA, 577BDB or 577BDC.

Note:          Section 577A deals with undertakings about structural separation.

          (5D)  The Minister must cause a copy of an instrument under subclause (5B) to be tabled in each House of the Parliament within 15 sitting days of that House after making the instrument.

          (5E)  If:

                     (a)  before the end of the period applicable under subclause (5), the ACCC accepts an undertaking given by Telstra under section 577A; and

                     (b)  the decision to accept the undertaking is expressed to be subject to the occurrence of one of more specified events within a specified period (the post‑acceptance period) after the undertaking is accepted; and

                     (c)  the post‑acceptance period ends after the end of the period applicable under subclause (5); and

                     (d)  the undertaking does not come into force before the end of the post‑acceptance period;

then:

                     (e)  subclause (5) does not apply; and

                      (f)  the Minister must ensure that a functional separation requirements determination comes into force within 90 days after the end of the post‑acceptance period.

Note:          Section 577A deals with undertakings about structural separation.

        (5EA)  If:

                     (a)  before the end of the period applicable under subclause (5), the ACCC accepts an undertaking given by Telstra under section 577A; and

                     (b)  the decision to accept the undertaking is expressed to be subject to the occurrence of one of more specified events within a specified period (the post‑acceptance period) after the undertaking is accepted; and

                     (c)  the post‑acceptance period ends after the end of the period applicable under subclause (5); and

                     (d)  the undertaking comes into force before the end of the post‑acceptance period; and

                     (e)  the undertaking requires Telstra to give the ACCC a draft migration plan; and

                      (f)  a final migration plan does not come into force before the end of the post‑acceptance period;

then:

                     (g)  subclause (5) does not apply; and

                     (h)  the Minister must ensure that a functional separation requirements determination comes into force within 90 days after the end of the post‑acceptance period.

Note:          Section 577A deals with undertakings about structural separation.

        (5EB)  Subclause (5) does not apply if:

                     (a)  before the end of the period applicable under subclause (5), the ACCC accepts an undertaking given by Telstra under section 577A; and

                     (b)  the decision to accept the undertaking is expressed to be subject to the occurrence of one of more specified events within a specified period (the post‑acceptance period) after the undertaking is accepted; and

                     (c)  the post‑acceptance period ends after the end of the period applicable under subclause (5); and

                     (d)  the undertaking comes into force before the end of the post‑acceptance period; and

                     (e)  the undertaking does not require Telstra to give the ACCC a draft migration plan.

Note:          Section 577A deals with undertakings about structural separation.

        (5EC)  Subclause (5) does not apply if:

                     (a)  before the end of the period applicable under subclause (5), the ACCC accepts an undertaking given by Telstra under section 577A; and

                     (b)  the decision to accept the undertaking is expressed to be subject to the occurrence of one of more specified events within a specified period (the post‑acceptance period) after the undertaking is accepted; and

                     (c)  the post‑acceptance period ends after the end of the period applicable under subclause (5); and

                     (d)  the undertaking comes into force before the end of the post‑acceptance period; and

                     (e)  the undertaking requires Telstra to give the ACCC a draft migration plan; and

                      (f)  a final migration plan has come into force before the end of the post‑acceptance period.

Note:          Section 577A deals with undertakings about structural separation.

           (5F)  The Minister is not required to observe any requirements of procedural fairness in relation to the making of an instrument under subclause (5B).

          (5G)  The Minister does not have a duty to consider whether to make an instrument under subclause (5B), whether at the request of a person or in any other circumstances.

             (6)  A determination under subclause (1) is not a legislative instrument.

             (7)  An instrument under subclause (5B) is not a legislative instrument.

76  Draft functional separation undertaking to be given to Minister

             (1)  Telstra must give the Minister a draft functional separation undertaking:

                     (a)  within 90 days after the first functional separation requirements determination comes into force; or

                     (b)  if a longer period is specified in an instrument under subclause (3)—within that longer period.

             (2)  However, subclause (1) does not apply if:

                     (a)  the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  an undertaking given by Telstra is in force under section 577A;

                             (ii)  the undertaking requires Telstra to give the ACCC a draft migration plan;

                            (iii)  in accordance with the undertaking, Telstra has given the ACCC a draft migration plan;

                            (iv)  the ACCC has approved the draft migration plan under section 577BD, 577BDA, 577BDB or 577BDC; or

                     (b)  both:

                              (i)  an undertaking given by Telstra is in force under section 577A; and

                             (ii)  the undertaking does not require Telstra to give the ACCC a draft migration plan.

Note:          Section 577A deals with undertakings about structural separation.

             (3)  The Minister may, by writing, specify a period for the purposes of paragraph (1)(b).

             (4)  The Minister must not specify a period under subclause (3) unless:

                     (a)  Telstra satisfies the Minister that Telstra is preparing an undertaking under section 577A; or

                     (b)  both:

                              (i)  Telstra has given the ACCC an undertaking under section 577A; and

                             (ii)  the ACCC has not decided whether to accept the undertaking; or

                     (c)  the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  Telstra has given the ACCC an undertaking under section 577A;

                             (ii)  the ACCC has decided to accept the undertaking;

                            (iii)  that decision is expressed to be subject to the occurrence of one or more specified events within a specified period;

                            (iv)  the undertaking is not in force;

                             (v)  that period has not ended; or

                     (d)  the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  an undertaking given by Telstra is in force under section 577A;

                             (ii)  the undertaking requires Telstra to give the ACCC a draft migration plan;

                            (iii)  Telstra satisfies the Minister that Telstra is preparing a draft migration plan to be given to the ACCC in accordance with the undertaking; or

                     (e)  the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  an undertaking given by Telstra is in force under section 577A;

                             (ii)  the undertaking requires Telstra to give the ACCC a draft migration plan;

                            (iii)  Telstra has given the ACCC a draft migration plan in accordance with the undertaking;

                            (iv)  the ACCC has not decided whether to approve the draft migration plan under section 577BD, 577BDA, 577BDB or 577BDC.

Note:          Section 577A deals with undertakings about structural separation.

             (5)  Subsection 33(3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 applies to a power conferred on the Minister by subclause (3). However, the Minister must not revoke a subclause (3) instrument.

             (6)  A period specified in a subclause (3) instrument may be a period ascertained wholly or partly by reference to the occurrence of a specified event.

          (6A)  The Minister is not required to observe any requirements of procedural fairness in relation to the making of a subclause (3) instrument.

             (7)  The Minister does not have a duty to consider whether to exercise the power to make a subclause (3) instrument, whether he or she is requested to do so by Telstra or by any other person, or in any other circumstances.

             (8)  The Minister must cause a copy of an instrument under subclause (3) to be published on the Department’s website.

             (9)  An instrument under subclause (3) is not a legislative instrument.

77  Approval of draft functional separation undertaking by Minister

             (1)  This clause applies if Telstra gives the Minister a draft functional separation undertaking (the original undertaking).

             (2)  The Minister must, by writing:

                     (a)  approve the original undertaking; or

                     (b)  both:

                              (i)  vary the original undertaking; and

                             (ii)  approve the original undertaking as varied; or

                     (c)  both:

                              (i)  determine that Telstra is taken to have given the Minister another draft functional separation undertaking (the replacement undertaking) in the terms specified in the determination, instead of the original undertaking; and

                             (ii)  approve the replacement undertaking.

Consultation

             (3)  Before making a decision under subclause (2), the Minister must:

                     (a)  cause to be published on the Department’s website a notice:

                              (i)  setting out the original undertaking; and

                             (ii)  inviting persons to make submissions to the Minister about the original undertaking within 14 days after the notice is published; and

                     (b)  give the ACCC a copy of the notice; and

                     (c)  cause to be published on the Department’s website a copy of each submission received within the 14‑day period mentioned in paragraph (a); and

                     (d)  consider any submissions received within the 14‑day period mentioned in paragraph (a); and

                     (e)  ask the ACCC to give advice to the Minister, within 44 days after the notice is published, about the original undertaking; and

                      (f)  have regard to any advice given by the ACCC.

Consultation—variation of original undertaking

             (4)  Before making a decision under paragraph (2)(b) to approve the original undertaking as varied, the Minister must:

                     (a)  give Telstra a notice:

                              (i)  setting out the original undertaking as proposed to be varied; and

                             (ii)  inviting Telstra to make submissions to the Minister, within 14 days after the notice is given, about the original undertaking as proposed to be varied; and

                     (b)  consider any submissions received from Telstra within the 14‑day period mentioned in paragraph (a).

Consultation—replacement undertaking

             (5)  Before making a decision under paragraph (2)(c) to approve the replacement undertaking, the Minister must:

                     (a)  give Telstra a notice:

                              (i)  setting out the proposed replacement undertaking; and

                             (ii)  inviting Telstra to make submissions to the Minister about the proposed replacement undertaking within 14 days after the notice is given; and

                     (b)  consider any submissions received from Telstra within the 14‑day period mentioned in paragraph (a).

Advice by the ACCC

             (6)  Subclause (3) does not, by implication, prevent the Minister from asking the ACCC to give the Minister additional advice about a matter arising under this clause.

Notification of decision

             (7)  As soon as practicable after making a decision under subclause (2), the Minister must notify Telstra in writing of the decision.

Instrument is not a legislative instrument

             (8)  An instrument made under subclause (2) is not a legislative instrument.

78  Time limit for making an approval decision

             (1)  This clause applies if Telstra gives the Minister a draft functional separation undertaking (the original undertaking).

             (2)  The Minister must use his or her best endeavours to make a decision under subclause 77(2) in relation to the original undertaking within 6 months after the original undertaking was given to the Minister.

79  Effect of approval

             (1)  If the Minister approves a draft functional separation undertaking under subclause 77(2), the undertaking becomes a final functional separation undertaking.

             (2)  A final functional separation undertaking comes into force on the day after notice of the relevant decision is given to Telstra in accordance with subclause 77(7).

             (3)  A final functional separation undertaking may not be withdrawn.

Undertaking is not a legislative instrument

             (4)  A final functional separation undertaking is not a legislative instrument.

80  Variation of final functional separation undertaking

             (1)  This clause applies if a final functional separation undertaking is in force.

Variation

             (2)  The Minister may, in writing, vary the final functional separation undertaking:

                     (a)  at the request of Telstra or another person; or

                     (b)  on the Minister’s own initiative.

             (3)  The Minister does not have a duty to consider whether to exercise the power to vary a final functional separation undertaking, whether he or she is requested to do so by Telstra or by any other person, or in any other circumstances.

Consultation

             (4)  Before varying a final functional separation undertaking, the Minister must:

                     (a)  cause to be published on the Department’s website a notice:

                              (i)  setting out the proposed variation; and

                             (ii)  inviting persons to make submissions to the Minister about the proposed variation within 14 days after the notice is published; and

                     (b)  give the ACCC a copy of the notice; and

                     (c)  cause to be published on the Department’s website a copy of each submission received within the 14‑day period mentioned in paragraph (a); and

                     (d)  consider any submissions received within the 14‑day period mentioned in paragraph (a); and

                     (e)  ask the ACCC to give advice to the Minister, within 44 days after the notice is published, about the proposed variation; and

                      (f)  have regard to any advice given by the ACCC.

Minor variation

             (5)  Subclause (4) does not apply to a proposed variation if the variation is of a minor nature.

             (6)  If the proposed variation:

                     (a)  is of a minor nature; and

                     (b)  is not made at the request of Telstra;

then, before making the proposed variation, the Minister must:

                     (c)  give Telstra a notice:

                              (i)  setting out the proposed variation; and

                             (ii)  inviting Telstra to make submissions to the Minister about the proposed variation within 14 days after the notice is given; and

                     (d)  consider any submissions received from Telstra within that 14‑day period.

Advice by the ACCC

             (7)  Subclause (4) does not, by implication, prevent the Minister from asking the ACCC to give the Minister additional advice about a matter arising under this clause.

Notification of variation

             (8)  As soon as practicable after varying a final functional separation undertaking, the Minister must notify Telstra in writing of the variation.

When variation comes into force

             (9)  A variation of a final functional separation undertaking comes into force on the day after the notice of the variation is given to Telstra in accordance with subclause (8).

Variation is not a legislative instrument

           (10)  A variation of a final functional separation undertaking is not a legislative instrument.

81  Publication of final functional separation undertaking

             (1)  As soon as practicable after a final functional separation undertaking comes into force, Telstra must make a copy of the undertaking available on Telstra’s website.

             (2)  As soon as practicable after a variation of a final functional separation undertaking comes into force, Telstra must make a copy of the varied final functional separation undertaking available on Telstra’s website.

82  Compliance with final functional separation undertaking

             (1)  If a final functional separation undertaking is in force, Telstra must comply with the undertaking.

             (2)  However, subclause (1) does not apply if an undertaking given by Telstra is in force under section 577A.

Note:          Section 577A deals with undertakings about structural separation.

Part 10Control and use by Telstra of certain spectrum licences

Division 1Introduction

83  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

        If the excluded spectrum regime applies to Telstra, and a spectrum licence relates to a designated part of the spectrum, Telstra must not be in a position to exercise control of the licence unless the following undertakings given by Telstra are in force:

               (a)     an undertaking about structural separation;

              (b)     an undertaking about hybrid fibre‑coaxial networks;

               (c)     an undertaking about subscription television broadcasting licences.

        However, the Minister may exempt Telstra from the requirement to have an undertaking about hybrid fibre‑coaxial networks or subscription television broadcasting licences if the Minister is satisfied that Telstra’s undertaking about structural separation is sufficient to address concerns about the degree of Telstra’s power in telecommunications markets.

Division 2Control and use by Telstra of certain spectrum licences

84  Control by Telstra of certain spectrum licences

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the excluded spectrum regime applies to Telstra; and

                     (b)  a spectrum licence relates to a designated part of the spectrum;

Telstra must not be in a position to exercise control of the licence.

Note 1:       For excluded spectrum regime, see section 577GA.

Note 2:       For when Telstra is in a position to exercise control of a spectrum licence, see clause 88.

             (2)  However, the rule in subclause (1) does not apply if:

                     (a)  both:

                              (i)  an undertaking given by Telstra is in force under section 577A; and

                             (ii)  the undertaking is covered by subclause (3); and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  an undertaking given by Telstra is in force under section 577C; or

                             (ii)  a declaration is in force under subsection 577J(3); and

                     (c)  either:

                              (i)  an undertaking given by Telstra is in force under section 577E; or

                             (ii)  a declaration is in force under subsection 577J(5).

Note 1:       Section 577A deals with undertakings about structural separation.

Note 2:       Section 577C deals with undertakings about hybrid fibre‑coaxial networks.

Note 3:       Section 577E deals with undertakings about subscription television broadcasting licences.

             (3)  This subclause covers a section 577A undertaking if:

                     (a)  the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  the undertaking requires Telstra to give the ACCC a draft migration plan;

                             (ii)  in accordance with the undertaking, Telstra has given the ACCC a draft migration plan;

                            (iii)  the ACCC has approved the draft migration plan under section 577BD, 577BDA, 577BDB or 577BDC; or

                     (b)  the undertaking does not require Telstra to give the ACCC a draft migration plan.

85  Use by Telstra of certain spectrum licences

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the excluded spectrum regime applies to Telstra; and

                     (b)  a spectrum licence relates to a designated part of the spectrum;

Telstra must not supply a carriage service using a radiocommunications device the operation of which is authorised under the licence.

Note:          For excluded spectrum regime, see section 577GA.

             (2)  However, the rule in subclause (1) does not apply if:

                     (a)  both:

                              (i)  an undertaking given by Telstra is in force under section 577A; and

                             (ii)  the undertaking is covered by subclause (3); and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  an undertaking given by Telstra is in force under section 577C; or

                             (ii)  a declaration is in force under subsection 577J(3); and

                     (c)  either:

                              (i)  an undertaking given by Telstra is in force under section 577E; or

                             (ii)  a declaration is in force under subsection 577J(5).

Note 1:       Section 577A deals with undertakings about structural separation.

Note 2:       Section 577C deals with undertakings about hybrid fibre‑coaxial networks.

Note 3:       Section 577E deals with undertakings about subscription television broadcasting licences.

             (3)  This subclause covers a section 577A undertaking if:

                     (a)  the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  the undertaking requires Telstra to give the ACCC a draft migration plan;

                             (ii)  in accordance with the undertaking, Telstra has given the ACCC a draft migration plan;

                            (iii)  the ACCC has approved the draft migration plan under section 577BD, 577BDA, 577BDB or 577BDC; or

                     (b)  the undertaking does not require Telstra to give the ACCC a draft migration plan.

Division 3Other provisions

86  Associate

             (1)  In this Part, an associate of Telstra in relation to control of a spectrum licence is:

                     (a)  a partner of Telstra; or

                     (b)  if Telstra or another person who is an associate of Telstra under another paragraph receives benefits or is capable of benefiting under a trust—the trustee of the trust; or

                     (c)  a person (whether a company or not) who:

                              (i)  acts, or is accustomed to act; or

                             (ii)  under a contract or an arrangement or understanding (whether formal or informal) is intended or expected to act;

                            in accordance with the directions, instructions or wishes of, or in concert with:

                            (iii)  Telstra; or

                            (iv)  Telstra and another person who is an associate of Telstra under another paragraph; or

                     (d)  another company if:

                              (i)  the other company is a related body corporate of Telstra for the purposes of the Corporations Act 2001; or

                             (ii)  Telstra, or Telstra and another person who is an associate of Telstra under another paragraph, are in a position to exercise control of the other company.

             (2)  However, persons are not associates of each other if the ACCC is satisfied that:

                     (a)  they do not act together in any relevant dealings relating to the spectrum licence; and

                     (b)  neither of them is in a position to exert influence over the business dealings of the other in relation to the spectrum licence.

87  Control

                   In this Part, control includes control as a result of, or by means of, trusts, agreements, arrangements, understandings and practices, whether or not having legal or equitable force and whether or not based on legal or equitable rights.

88  When Telstra is in a position to exercise control of a spectrum licence

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, Telstra is in a position to exercise control of a spectrum licence if:

                     (a)  Telstra is the licensee; or

                     (b)  Telstra, either alone or together with an associate of Telstra, is in a position to exercise control of the spectrum licensee; or

                     (c)  Telstra, either alone or together with an associate of Telstra, is in a position to exercise (whether directly or indirectly) control of the selection of radiocommunications devices authorised to operate under the licence; or

                     (d)  Telstra, either alone or together with an associate of Telstra, is in a position to exercise (whether directly or indirectly) control of a significant proportion of the operations of radiocommunications devices authorised to operate under the licence; or

                     (e)  Telstra, either alone or together with an associate of Telstra, is in a position to:

                              (i)  veto any action taken by the board of directors of the licensee; or

                             (ii)  appoint or secure the appointment of, or veto the appointment of, at least half of the board of directors of the licensee; or

                            (iii)  exercise, in any other manner, whether directly or indirectly, direction or restraint over any substantial issue affecting the management or affairs of the licensee; or

                      (f)  the licensee or more than 50% of its directors:

                              (i)  act, or are accustomed to act; or

                             (ii)  under a contract or an arrangement or understanding (whether formal or informal) are intended or expected to act;

                            in accordance with the directions, instructions or wishes of, or in concert with, Telstra or of Telstra and an associate of Telstra acting together or of the directors of Telstra.

             (2)  An employee of a licensee is not, except through an association with another person, to be regarded as being in a position to exercise control of a spectrum licence under subclause (1) purely because of being an employee.

             (3)  More than one person may be in a position to exercise control of a spectrum licence.

Schedule 2Standard service provider rules

Note:       See section 98.

Part 1Compliance with this Act

  

1  Compliance with this Act

             (1)  A service provider must comply with this Act.

             (2)  In this clause:

this Act includes the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999 and regulations under that Act and Chapter 5 of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979.

Part 2Operator services

  

2  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      Certain operator services must be provided to end‑users of standard telephone services.

3  Scope of Part

                   This Part applies to the following operator services:

                     (a)  services for dealing with faults and service difficulties;

                     (b)  services of a kind specified in the regulations.

4  Operator services must be provided to end‑users of a standard telephone service

             (1)  A carriage service provider who supplies a standard telephone service must make operator services available to each end‑user of that standard telephone service.

             (2)  The provider may do this by:

                     (a)  providing the operator services itself; or

                     (b)  arranging with another person for the provision of the operator services.

5  Access to end‑users of other carriage service providers

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a carriage service provider (the first provider) who supplies a standard telephone service itself provides a particular kind of operator services to end‑users of its standard telephone service; and

                     (b)  another carriage service provider (the second provider) who supplies a standard telephone service does not itself provide that kind of operator services to particular end‑users of its standard telephone service; and

                     (c)  the second provider requests the first provider to enter into an agreement for the first provider to provide that kind of operator services to those end‑users of the second provider’s standard telephone service;

the first provider must comply with the request.

             (2)  The operator services are to be provided to the end‑users of the second provider’s standard telephone service in accordance with the request and on such terms and conditions as are:

                     (a)  agreed between the first provider and the second provider; or

                     (b)  failing agreement, determined by an arbitrator appointed by the parties.

If the parties fail to agree on the appointment of an arbitrator, the ACCC is to be the arbitrator.

             (3)  The regulations may make provision for and in relation to the conduct of an arbitration under this clause.

             (4)  The regulations may provide that, for the purposes of a particular arbitration conducted by the ACCC under this clause, the ACCC may be constituted by a single member, or a specified number of members, of the ACCC. For each such arbitration, that member or those members are to be nominated in writing by the Chairperson of the ACCC.

             (5)  Subclause (4) does not, by implication, limit subclause (3).

Part 3Directory assistance services

  

6  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      Directory assistance services must be made available to end‑users of standard telephone services.

7  Directory assistance services must be provided to end‑users

             (1)  A carriage service provider who supplies a standard telephone service must make directory assistance services available to each end‑user of the service.

             (2)  The provider may do this by:

                     (a)  providing the directory assistance services itself; or

                     (b)  arranging with another person for the provision of the directory assistance services.

8  Access by end‑users of other carriage service providers

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a carriage service provider (the first provider) who supplies a standard telephone service itself provides directory assistance services to end‑users of its standard telephone service; and

                     (b)  another carriage service provider (the second provider) who supplies a standard telephone service does not itself provide directory assistance services to particular end‑users of its standard telephone service; and

                     (c)  the second provider requests the first provider to enter into an agreement for the first provider to provide directory assistance services to those end‑users of the second provider’s standard telephone service;

the first provider must comply with the request.

             (2)  The directory assistance services are to be provided to the end‑users of the second provider’s standard telephone service in accordance with the request and on such terms and conditions as are:

                     (a)  agreed between the first provider and the second provider; or

                     (b)  failing agreement, determined by an arbitrator appointed by the parties.

If the parties fail to agree on the appointment of an arbitrator, the ACCC is to be the arbitrator.

             (3)  The regulations may make provision for and in relation to the conduct of an arbitration under this clause.

             (4)  The regulations may provide that, for the purposes of a particular arbitration conducted by the ACCC under this clause, the ACCC may be constituted by a single member, or a specified number of members, of the ACCC. For each such arbitration, that member or those members are to be nominated in writing by the Chairperson of the ACCC.

             (5)  Subclause (4) does not, by implication, limit subclause (3).

Part 4Integrated public number database

  

9  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      If a person or association is under an obligation to provide and maintain an integrated public number database, carriage service providers must give the person or association information in connection with the fulfilment of that obligation.

10  Carriage service providers must give information to Telstra

             (1)  This clause applies if Telstra is obliged by a condition of a carrier licence to provide and maintain an integrated public number database.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a carriage service provider supplies a carriage service to an end‑user; and

                     (b)  the end‑user has a public number;

the carriage service provider must give Telstra such information as Telstra reasonably requires in connection with Telstra’s fulfilment of that obligation.

             (3)  In this clause:

number has the same meaning as in Division 2 of Part 22.

public number means a number specified in the numbering plan as mentioned in subsection 455(3).

11  Carriage service providers must give information to another person or association

             (1)  This clause applies if a person or association is obliged by section 472 to provide and maintain an integrated public number database.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a carriage service provider supplies a carriage service to an end‑user; and

                     (b)  the end‑user has a public number;

the carriage service provider must give the person or association such information as the person or association reasonably requires in connection with the person’s or association’s fulfilment of that obligation.

             (3)  In this clause:

number has the same meaning as in Division 2 of Part 22.

public number means a number specified in the numbering plan as mentioned in subsection 455(3).

Part 5Itemised billing

  

12  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      A carriage service provider who supplies a standard telephone service must provide itemised billing for each of its customers of such a service.

13  Itemised billing

             (1)  This clause applies to a carriage service provider who supplies a standard telephone service.

             (2)  The provider must provide itemised billing for calls made using such a service. The provider may do this by:

                     (a)  providing the itemised billing itself; or

                     (b)  arranging with another person for the provision of the itemised billing.

             (3)  The rule set out in subclause (2) does not apply in relation to calls made using a particular service if the customer chooses not to have itemised billing for calls made using that service.

             (4)  The rule set out in subclause (2) does not apply to designated local calls unless the customer requests the provider to provide itemised billing in relation to those calls.

             (5)  For the purposes of the application of this clause to a carriage service provider who supplies a standard telephone service to a customer, a designated local call is a call that:

                     (a)  is made using that service; and

                     (b)  is made between points in the applicable zone in relation to the provider and in relation to the customer; and

                     (c)  is not an exempt call (as defined by subclause (6)).

             (6)  For the purposes of subclause (5), a call is an exempt call if:

                     (a)  the call involves the use of a public mobile telecommunications service (whether by the party who originated the call or by any other party to the call); or

                     (b)  the call involves the use of a satellite service.

             (7)  A reference in this clause to the applicable zone is a reference to the applicable zone for the purposes of Part 4 of the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999.

             (8)  For the purposes of this clause, a call is regarded as an untimed local call if, and only if, the call is an eligible local call for the purposes of Part 4 of the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999.

             (9)  In this clause:

itemised billing, in relation to calls of a particular kind, means the provision to a customer of a bill that:

                     (a)  if there is in force a written determination made by the ACMA relating to that kind of service—shows such details as are specified in the determination; or

                     (b)  in any other case—shows, for each call of that kind that is not regarded as an untimed local call, the following details:

                              (i)  the date on which the call was made;

                             (ii)  the number to which the call was made;

                            (iii)  the duration of the call;

                            (iv)  the charge applicable to the call;

and complies with a determination in force under clause 15.

satellite service means a carriage service, where customer equipment used in connection with the supply of the service communicates directly with a satellite‑based facility.

           (10)  A determination under paragraph (a) of the definition of itemised billing in subclause (9) is a legislative instrument.

14  Exemptions from itemised billing requirements

             (1)  The ACMA may, by notice in the Gazette, declare that a specified carriage service provider is exempt from the requirement set out in subclause 13(2) in so far as that requirement applies in relation to specified customers. The declaration has effect accordingly.

Note:          Providers or customers may be specified by name, by inclusion in a particular class or in any other way.

             (2)  In deciding whether a provider should be exempt from the requirement set out in subclause 13(2), the ACMA must have regard to:

                     (a)  the technical feasibility of complying with the requirement set out in that subclause; and

                     (b)  any plans by the provider to install a capability to provide itemised billing to those customers.

             (3)  Subclause (2) does not, by implication, limit the matters to which the ACMA may have regard.

15  Details that are not to be specified in an itemised bill

             (1)  The ACMA may, by written instrument, determine that specified details must not be shown in an itemised bill provided by a carriage service provider to a customer.

             (2)  In making a determination under subclause (1), the ACMA must have regard to the Australian Privacy Principles. This subclause does not, by implication, limit the matters to which the ACMA is to have regard.

             (3)  A carriage service provider must comply with a determination under subclause (1).

Part 6Priority assistance

  

16  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

     This Part deals with priority assistance for people with life‑threatening medical conditions.

     A carriage service provider must comply with the priority assistance industry code.

     If a carriage service provider receives an inquiry from a prospective residential customer about the supply of a standard telephone service, and the provider does not offer priority assistance, the provider must:

               (a)     inform the prospective residential customer that the provider does not offer priority assistance in connection with the service; and

              (b)     inform the prospective residential customer of the names of one or more carriage service providers from whom the prospective residential customer can obtain priority assistance.

17  Priority assistance industry code

                   For the purposes of this Part, the priority assistance industry code is:

                     (a)  the code that is:

                              (i)  entitled Priority Assistance for Life Threatening Medical Conditions; and

                             (ii)  registered under Part 6; or

                     (b)  if that code is replaced by another code registered under Part 6—the replacement code.

18  Compliance with the priority assistance industry code

                   A carriage service provider must comply with the priority assistance industry code to the extent (if any) to which the code is applicable to the provider.

19  Information for prospective residential customers of a carriage service provider who does not offer priority assistance

Scope

             (1)  This clause applies to a carriage service provider if:

                     (a)  the provider receives an inquiry from a prospective residential customer about the supply of a standard telephone service; and

                     (b)  the provider does not offer priority assistance in connection with the service.

Requirement

             (2)  The provider must:

                     (a)  inform the prospective residential customer that the provider does not offer priority assistance in connection with the service; and

                     (b)  inform the prospective residential customer of the names of one or more carriage service providers from whom the prospective residential customer can obtain priority assistance in connection with a standard telephone service.

Definition

             (3)  In this clause:

priority assistance has the same meaning as in the priority assistance industry code.

20  Requirements for Telstra

                   This Part does not impose a requirement on Telstra if clause 19 of the Carrier Licence Conditions (Telstra Corporation Limited) Declaration 1997 is in force.

Note:          Clause 19 of the Carrier Licence Conditions (Telstra Corporation Limited) Declaration 1997 is about Telstra’s priority assistance obligations.

Schedule 3Carriers’ powers and immunities

Note:       See section 484.

Part 1General provisions

Division 1Simplified outline and definitions

1  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      A carrier may enter on land and exercise any of the following powers:

               (a)     the power to inspect the land to determine whether the land is suitable for the carrier’s purposes;

              (b)     the power to install a facility on the land;

               (c)     the power to maintain a facility that is situated on the land.

•      The power to install a facility may only be exercised if:

               (a)     the carrier holds a facility installation permit; or

              (b)     the facility is a low‑impact facility; or

               (c)     the facility is a temporary facility for use by, or on behalf of, a defence organisation for defence purposes; or

              (d)     the installation is carried out before 1 July 2000 for the sole purpose of connecting a building to a network that was in existence on 30 June 1997.

•      A facility installation permit will only be issued in relation to a facility if:

               (a)     the carrier has made reasonable efforts to negotiate in good faith with the relevant proprietors and administrative authorities; and

              (b)     in a case where the facility is a designated overhead line—each relevant administrative authority has approved the installation of the line; and

               (c)     the telecommunications network to which the facility relates is or will be of national significance; and

              (d)     the facility is an important part of the telecommunications network to which the facility relates; and

               (e)     either the greater part of the infrastructure of the telecommunications network to which the facility relates has already been installed or relevant administrative authorities are reasonably likely to approve the installation of the greater part of the infrastructure of the telecommunications network to which the facility relates; and

               (f)     the advantages that are likely to be derived from the operation of the facility in the context of the telecommunications network to which the facility relates outweigh any form of degradation of the environment that is likely to result from the installation of the facility.

•      In exercising powers under this Part, a carrier must comply with certain conditions, including:

               (a)     doing as little damage as practicable;

              (b)     acting in accordance with good engineering practice;

               (c)     complying with recognised industry standards;

              (d)     complying with conditions specified in the regulations;

               (e)     complying with conditions specified in a Ministerial Code of Practice;

               (f)     complying with conditions specified in a facility installation permit;

               (g)     giving notice to the owner of land.

2  Definitions

                   In this Part:

Aboriginal person means a person of the Aboriginal race of Australia.

defence organisation means:

                     (a)  the Defence Department; or

                     (b)  the Australian Defence Force; or

                     (c)  an organisation of a foreign country, so far as the organisation:

                              (i)  has functions corresponding to functions of, or of a part of, the Defence Department or the Australian Defence Force; and

                             (ii)  is authorised by the Commonwealth to operate or train in Australia or an external Territory; or

                     (d)  a part of such an organisation or body.

designated overhead line has the meaning given by clause 3.

ecological community has the same meaning as in the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

ecosystem means a dynamic complex of plant, animal and micro‑organism communities and their non‑living environment interacting as a functional unit.

enter on land includes enter on a public place.

environment has the same meaning as in the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

Environment Secretary means the Secretary of the Department responsible for the administration of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

facility installation permit means a permit issued under clause 25.

high‑demand holiday period means:

                     (a)  a period of a single day; or

                     (b)  a period of 2 or more consecutive days;

where that day, or each of those days, as the case may be, is:

                     (c)  a public holiday, or a public school holiday, in any State or internal Territory; or

                     (d)  a Saturday or a Sunday of a weekend immediately preceding a Monday that is a public holiday, or public school holiday, in any State or internal Territory; or

                     (e)  a Saturday or a Sunday of a weekend next following a Friday that is a public holiday, or public school holiday, in any State or internal Territory.

installation, in relation to a facility, includes:

                     (a)  the construction of the facility on, over or under any land; and

                     (b)  the attachment of the facility to any building or other structure; and

                     (c)  any activity that is ancillary or incidental to the installation of the facility (for this purpose, installation includes an activity covered by paragraph (a) or (b)).

international agreement means:

                     (a)  a convention to which Australia is a party; or

                     (b)  an agreement or arrangement between Australia and a foreign country;

and includes, for example, an agreement, arrangement or understanding between a Minister and an official or authority of a foreign country.

land includes submerged land (but does not include submerged land that is beneath Australian waters within the meaning of Schedule 3A).

listed international agreement means an international agreement specified in the regulations.

public inquiry, in relation to a facility installation permit, means a public inquiry under Part 25 about whether the permit should be issued and, if so, the conditions (if any) that should be specified in the permit.

public land means land that:

                     (a)  is the property of:

                              (i)  the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory; or

                             (ii)  a local government body; or

                            (iii)  an authority of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory; and

                     (b)  is a public place.

public place includes a place to which members of the public have ready access.

public utility means a body that provides to the public:

                     (a)  reticulated products or services, such as electricity, gas, water, sewerage or drainage; or

                     (b)  carriage services (other than carriage services supplied by a carriage service provider); or

                     (c)  transport services; or

                     (d)  a product or service of a kind that is similar to a product or service covered by paragraph (a), (b) or (c).

threatened ecological community means an ecological community that is included in the list of threatened ecological communities kept under Division 1 of Part 13 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

threatened species means a species that is included in one of the following categories of the list of threatened species kept under Division 1 of Part 13 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999:

                     (a)  extinct in the wild;

                     (b)  critically endangered;

                     (c)  endangered;

                     (d)  vulnerable.

Torres Strait Islander means a descendant of an indigenous inhabitant of the Torres Strait Islands.

3  Designated overhead line

                   A reference in this Part to a designated overhead line is a reference to a line:

                     (a)  that is suspended above the surface of:

                              (i)  land (other than submerged land); or

                             (ii)  a river, lake, tidal inlet, bay, estuary, harbour or other body of water; and

                     (b)  the maximum external cross‑section of any part of which exceeds:

                              (i)  13 mm; or

                             (ii)  if another distance is specified in the regulations—that other distance.

4  Extension to a tower to be treated as the installation of a facility

             (1)  For the purposes of the application of this Part to the installation of facilities, if:

                     (a)  a tower is a facility; and

                     (b)  the tower is, or is to be, extended;

then:

                     (c)  the carrying out of the extension is to be treated as the carrying out of the installation of the facility; and

                     (d)  the extension is to be treated as a facility in its own right.

             (2)  To avoid doubt, a reference in this clause to a tower does not include a reference to an antenna.

             (3)  In this clause:

tower means a tower, pole or mast.

Division 2Inspection of land

5  Inspection of land

             (1)  A carrier may, for the purposes of determining whether any land is suitable for its purposes:

                     (a)  enter on, and inspect, the land; and

                     (b)  do anything on the land that is necessary or desirable for that purpose, including, for example:

                              (i)  making surveys, taking levels, sinking bores, taking samples, digging pits and examining the soil; and

                             (ii)  felling and lopping trees and clearing and removing other vegetation and undergrowth; and

                            (iii)  closing, diverting or narrowing a road or bridge; and

                            (iv)  installing a facility in, over or under a road or bridge; and

                             (v)  altering the position of a water, sewerage or gas main or pipe; and

                            (vi)  altering the position of an electricity cable or wire.

             (2)  A carrier may, for the purpose of surveying or obtaining information in relation to any land that, in the carrier’s opinion, is or may be suitable for its purposes:

                     (a)  enter on any land; and

                     (b)  do anything on the entered land that is necessary or desirable for that purpose, including, for example:

                              (i)  making surveys and taking levels; and

                             (ii)  felling and lopping trees and clearing and removing other vegetation and undergrowth; and

                            (iii)  closing, diverting or narrowing a road or bridge; and

                            (iv)  installing a facility in, over or under a road or bridge; and

                             (v)  altering the position of a water, sewerage or gas main or pipe; and

                            (vi)  altering the position of an electricity cable or wire.

             (3)  A reference in this Part to engaging in activities under this Division includes a reference to exercising powers under this Division.

Division 3Installation of facilities

6  Installation of facilities

             (1)  A carrier may, for purposes connected with the supply of a carriage service, carry out the installation of a facility if:

                     (a)  the carrier is authorised to do so by a facility installation permit; or

                     (b)  the facility is a low‑impact facility (as defined by subclause (3)); or

                     (c)  the facility is a temporary facility for use by, or on behalf of, a defence organisation for defence purposes.

Note:          If the installation of a facility is not authorised by this clause, the installation may require the approval of an administrative authority under a law of a State or Territory.

             (2)  If subclause (1) authorises a carrier to carry out a particular activity, the carrier may, for purposes in connection with the carrying out of that activity:

                     (a)  enter on, and occupy, any land; and

                     (b)  on, over or under the land, do anything necessary or desirable for those purposes, including, for example:

                              (i)  constructing, erecting and placing any plant, machinery, equipment and goods; and

                             (ii)  felling and lopping trees and clearing and removing other vegetation and undergrowth; and

                            (iii)  making cuttings and excavations; and

                            (iv)  restoring the surface of the land and, for that purpose, removing and disposing of soil, vegetation and other material; and

                             (v)  erecting temporary workshops, sheds and other buildings; and

                            (vi)  levelling the surface of the land and making roads.

             (3)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine that a specified facility is a low‑impact facility for the purposes of this clause. The determination has effect accordingly.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 13(3) of the Legislation Act 2003.

             (4)  A designated overhead line must not be specified in an instrument under subclause (3).

          (4A)  A submarine cable (within the meaning of Schedule 3A) must not be specified in an instrument under subclause (3).

             (5)  A tower must not be specified in an instrument under subclause (3) unless:

                     (a)  both:

                              (i)  the tower is attached to a building; and

                             (ii)  the height of the tower does not exceed 5 metres; or

                     (b)  the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  the tower is a temporary facility that is installed to minimise disruption to the supply of a carriage service that might result from the maintenance of another facility;

                             (ii)  in a case where the tower is installed in a rural area (within the meaning of the instrument)—the height of the tower does not exceed 30 meters or the height of the other facility, whichever is the higher;

                            (iii)  in a case where the tower is not installed in a rural area (within the meaning of the instrument)—the height of the tower does not exceed 30 metres;

                            (iv)  in a case where it is practicable to achieve the purpose mentioned in subparagraph (i) by installing the tower on the land on which the other facility is located—the tower is installed on that land;

                             (v)  in a case where subparagraph (iv) does not apply, but it is practicable to achieve the purpose mentioned in subparagraph (i) by installing the tower on public land—the tower is installed on public land;

                            (vi)  in a case where neither subparagraph (iv) nor (v) applies—the tower is installed in the vicinity of the other facility; or

                     (c)  the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  the tower is a temporary facility that is installed to minimise disruption to the supply of a carriage service that might result from carrying out the replacement of another facility;

                             (ii)  in a case where the tower is installed in a rural area (within the meaning of the instrument)—the height of the tower does not exceed 30 meters or the height of the other facility, whichever is the higher;

                            (iii)  in a case where the tower is not installed in a rural area (within the meaning of the instrument)—the height of the tower does not exceed 30 metres;

                            (iv)  in a case where it is practicable to achieve the purpose mentioned in subparagraph (i) by installing the tower on the land on which the other facility is located—the tower is installed on that land;

                             (v)  in a case where subparagraph (iv) does not apply, but it is practicable to achieve the purpose mentioned in subparagraph (i) by installing the tower on public land—the tower is installed on public land;

                            (vi)  in a case where neither subparagraph (iv) nor (v) applies—the tower is installed in the vicinity of the other facility; or

                     (d)  the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  the tower is a temporary facility that is installed to provide additional capacity to supply carriage services to persons who are attending an event at a venue;

                             (ii)  the height of the tower does not exceed 30 metres;

                            (iii)  in a case where it is practicable to achieve the purpose mentioned in subparagraph (i) by installing the tower on the land on which the venue is located—the tower is installed on that land;

                            (iv)  in a case where subparagraph (iii) does not apply, but it is practicable to achieve the purpose mentioned in subparagraph (i) by installing the tower on public land—the tower is installed on public land;

                             (v)  in a case where neither subparagraph (iii) nor (iv) applies—the tower is installed in the vicinity of the venue; or

                     (e)  the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  the tower is a temporary facility that is installed to provide additional capacity to supply carriage services to persons who are attending any or all of 2 or more events at a venue;

                             (ii)  the intervals between those events are not longer than 28 days;

                            (iii)  the height of the tower does not exceed 30 metres;

                            (iv)  in a case where it is practicable to achieve the purpose mentioned in subparagraph (i) by installing the tower on the land on which the venue is located—the tower is installed on that land;

                             (v)  in a case where subparagraph (iv) does not apply, but it is practicable to achieve the purpose mentioned in subparagraph (i) by installing the tower on public land—the tower is installed on public land;

                            (vi)  in a case where neither subparagraph (iv) nor (v) applies—the tower is installed in the vicinity of the venue; or

                      (f)  the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  the tower is a temporary facility installed to provide additional capacity to supply carriage services to persons who are physically present in a particular area during a high‑demand holiday period;

                             (ii)  the height of the tower does not exceed 30 metres;

                            (iii)  the tower is installed on public land; or

                     (g)  the tower is a temporary facility that is installed wholly or partly to provide capacity to supply carriage services to one or more emergency services organisations (within the meaning of the instrument) so that those organisations can deal with an emergency or natural disaster.

          (5A)  For the purposes of paragraph (5)(b), maintenance has the same meaning as in clause 7.

          (5B)  For the purposes of paragraphs (5)(d) and (e), each of the following is an example of an event:

                     (a)  a sporting event;

                     (b)  a musical event;

                     (c)  a cultural event.

          (5C)  For the purposes of paragraphs (5)(b), (c), (d), (e) and (f), the height of a tower or facility is the distance between:

                     (a)  the top of the tower or facility; and

                     (b)  ground level.

             (6)  To avoid doubt, a reference in subclause (5) to a tower does not include a reference to an antenna.

             (7)  An extension to a tower must not be specified in an instrument under subclause (3) unless:

                     (a)  the height of the extension does not exceed 5 metres; and

                     (b)  there have been no previous extensions to the tower.

For this purpose, tower has the same meaning as in clause 4.

             (8)  Paragraphs (1)(a) and (c) do not, by implication, limit subclause (3).

             (9)  A reference in this Part to engaging in activities under this Division includes a reference to exercising powers under this Division.

Division 4Maintenance of facilities

7  Maintenance of facilities

             (1)  A carrier may, at any time, maintain a facility.

             (2)  A carrier may do anything necessary or desirable for the purpose of exercising powers under subclause (1), including (but not limited to):

                     (a)  entering on, and occupying, land; and

                     (b)  removing, or erecting a gate in, any fence.

             (3)  A reference in this clause to the maintenance of a facility (the original facility) includes a reference to:

                     (a)  the alteration, removal or repair of the original facility; and

                     (b)  the provisioning of the original facility with material or with information (whether in electronic form or otherwise); and

                     (c)  ensuring the proper functioning of the original facility; and

                     (d)  the replacement of the whole or a part of the original facility in its original location, where the conditions specified in subclause (5) are satisfied; and

                     (e)  the installation of an additional facility in the same location as the original facility, where the conditions specified in subclause (6) are satisfied; and

                      (f)  in a case where any tree, undergrowth or vegetation obstructs, or is likely to obstruct, the operation of the original facility—the cutting down or lopping of the tree, or the clearing or removal of the undergrowth or vegetation, as the case requires.

          (3A)  A reference in this clause to the maintenance of a facility (the original facility) includes a reference to the installation of a temporary facility (other than a tower within the meaning of subclause 6(5)), where the following conditions are satisfied:

                     (a)  the temporary facility is installed to minimise disruption to the supply of a carriage service that might result from the maintenance of the original facility;

                     (b)  in a case where it is practicable to achieve the purpose mentioned in paragraph (a) by installing the temporary facility on the land on which the original facility is located—the temporary facility is installed on that land;

                     (c)  in a case where paragraph (b) does not apply, but it is practicable to achieve the purpose mentioned in paragraph (a) by installing the temporary facility on public land—the temporary facility is installed on public land;

                     (d)  in a case where neither paragraph (b) nor (c) applies—the temporary facility is installed in the vicinity of the original facility.

             (4)  A reference in this clause to the maintenance of a facility does not include a reference to the extension of a tower. For this purpose, tower has the same meaning as in clause 4.

             (5)  For the purposes of paragraph (3)(d), the following conditions are specified:

                     (a)  the levels of noise that are likely to result from the operation of the replacement facility are less than or equal to the levels of noise that resulted from the operation of the original facility;

                     (b)  in a case where the original facility is a tower:

                              (i)  the height of the replacement facility does not exceed the height of the original facility; and

                             (ii)  the volume of the replacement facility does not exceed the volume of the original facility;

                     (c)  in a case where the facility is not a tower:

                              (i)  the volume of the replacement facility does not exceed the volume of the original facility; or

                             (ii)  the replacement facility is located inside a fully‑enclosed building, the original facility was located inside the building and the building is not modified externally as a result of the replacement of the original facility; or

                            (iii)  the replacement facility is located inside a duct, pit, hole, tunnel or underground conduit;

                     (d)  such other conditions (if any) as are specified in the regulations.

             (6)  For the purposes of paragraph (3)(e), the following conditions are specified:

                     (a)  the combined levels of noise that are likely to result from the operation of the additional facility and the original facility are less than or equal to the levels of noise that resulted from the operation of the original facility;

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  the additional facility is located inside a fully‑enclosed building, the original facility is located inside the building and the building is not modified externally as a result of the installation of the additional facility; or

                             (ii)  the additional facility is located inside a duct, pit, hole, tunnel or underground conduit;

                     (c)  such other conditions (if any) as are specified in the regulations.

             (7)  For the purposes of paragraphs (5)(a), (b) and (c) and (6)(a), (b) and (c), trivial variations are to be disregarded.

             (8)  For the purposes of subclauses (5) and (6):

                     (a)  the measurement of the height of a tower is not to include any antenna extending from the top of the tower; and

                     (b)  the volume of a facility is the apparent volume of the materials that:

                              (i)  constitute the facility; and

                             (ii)  are visible from a point outside the facility; and

                     (c)  a structure that makes a facility inside the structure unable to be seen from any point outside the structure is to be treated as if it were a fully‑enclosed building.

             (9)  A reference in this Part to engaging in activities under this Division includes a reference to exercising powers under this Division.

           (10)  In this clause (other than subclause (4)):

tower means a tower, pole or mast.

Division 5Conditions relating to the carrying out of authorised activities

8  Carrier to do as little damage as practicable

                   In engaging in an activity under Division 2, 3 or 4, a carrier must take all reasonable steps to ensure that the carrier causes as little detriment and inconvenience, and does as little damage, as is practicable.

8A  Carrier to remove temporary facilities

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a carrier installs a low‑impact facility under Division 3; and

                     (b)  the installation is covered by paragraph 6(5)(b);

the carrier must remove the facility within 28 days after the completion of the maintenance mentioned in that paragraph.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a carrier installs a low‑impact facility under Division 3; and

                     (b)  the installation is covered by paragraph 6(5)(c);

the carrier must remove the facility within 28 days after the completion of the replacement mentioned in that paragraph.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a carrier installs a low‑impact facility under Division 3; and

                     (b)  the installation is covered by paragraph 6(5)(d);

the carrier must remove the facility within 28 days after the end of the event mentioned in that paragraph.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a carrier installs a low‑impact facility under Division 3; and

                     (b)  the installation is covered by paragraph 6(5)(e);

the carrier must remove the facility within 28 days after the end of the last of the events mentioned in that paragraph.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  a carrier installs a low‑impact facility under Division 3; and

                     (b)  the installation is covered by paragraph 6(5)(g);

the carrier must remove the facility within 28 days after the facility ceases to be needed to provide capacity to supply carriage services to one or more emergency services organisations (within the meaning of that paragraph) so that those organisations can deal with an emergency or natural disaster.

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  a carrier installs a facility under Division 4; and

                     (b)  the installation is covered by subclause 7(3A);

the carrier must remove the facility within 28 days after the completion of the maintenance mentioned in paragraph 7(3A)(a).

             (7)  For the purposes of this clause, low‑impact facility has the same meaning as in clause 6.

8B  Low‑impact facility installed at or near a venue—annual limit

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a carrier installs one or more low‑impact facilities at a particular place under Division 3; and

                     (b)  those installations are covered by paragraph 6(5)(d) or (e);

the carrier must ensure that the total number of days in a calendar year on which those facilities remain at that place does not exceed 183.

             (2)  For the purposes of this clause, low‑impact facilities has the same meaning as in clause 6.

8C  Low‑impact facility installed to provide additional capacity during a high‑demand holiday period—annual limit

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a carrier installs one or more low‑impact facilities at a particular place under Division 3; and

                     (b)  the installation is covered by paragraph 6(5)(f);

the carrier must ensure that the total number of days in a calendar year on which those facilities remain at that place does not exceed 90.

             (2)  For the purposes of this clause, low‑impact facilities has the same meaning as in clause 6.

9  Carrier to restore land—general

             (1)  If a carrier engages in an activity under Division 2, 3 or 4 in relation to any land, the carrier must take all reasonable steps to ensure that the land is restored to a condition that is similar to its condition before the activity began.

             (2)  The carrier must take all reasonable steps to ensure that the restoration begins within 10 business days after the completion of the first‑mentioned activity.

             (3)  The rule in subclause (2) does not apply if the carrier agrees with:

                     (a)  the owner of the land; and

                     (b)  if the land is occupied by a person other than the owner—the occupier;

to commence restoration at a time after the end of that period of 10 business days.

9A  Carrier to restore land—removal of temporary facilities

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a carrier installs a low‑impact facility under Division 3 on particular land; and

                     (b)  the installation of the facility is covered by paragraph 6(5)(b), (c), (d), (e), (f) or (g); and

                     (c)  the carrier removes the facility;

the carrier must take all reasonable steps to ensure that the land is restored to a condition that is similar to its condition before the installation began.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a carrier installs a facility under Division 4 on particular land; and

                     (b)  the installation of the facility is covered by subclause 7(3A); and

                     (c)  the carrier removes the facility;

the carrier must take all reasonable steps to ensure that the land is restored to a condition that is similar to its condition before the installation began.

             (3)  If the installation of the facility is covered by paragraph 6(5)(b), (c), (d), (e), (f) or (g), the carrier must take all reasonable steps to ensure that the restoration begins within 10 business days after the removal of the facility.

             (4)  If the installation of the facility is covered by subclause 7(3A), the carrier must take all reasonable steps to ensure that the restoration begins within 10 business days after the removal of the facility.

             (5)  The rule in subclause (3) or (4) does not apply if the carrier agrees with:

                     (a)  the owner of the land; and

                     (b)  if the land is occupied by a person other than the owner—the occupier;

to commence restoration at a time after the end of that period of 10 business days.

             (6)  For the purposes of this clause, low‑impact facility has the same meaning as in clause 6.

10  Management of activities

                   A carrier must, in connection with carrying out an activity covered by Division 2, 3 or 4, take all reasonable steps:

                     (a)  to act in accordance with good engineering practice; and

                     (b)  to protect the safety of persons and property; and

                     (c)  to ensure that the activity interferes as little as practicable with:

                              (i)  the operations of a public utility; and

                             (ii)  public roads and paths; and

                            (iii)  the movement of traffic; and

                            (iv)  the use of land; and

                     (d)  to protect the environment.

11  Agreements with public utilities

             (1)  A carrier must make reasonable efforts to enter into an agreement with a public utility that makes provision for the manner in which the carrier will engage in an activity that is:

                     (a)  covered by Division 2, 3 or 4; and

                     (b)  likely to affect the operations of the utility.

             (2)  A carrier must comply with an agreement in force under subclause (1).

12  Compliance with industry standards

                   If a carrier engages in an activity covered by Division 2, 3 or 4, the carrier must do so in accordance with any standard that:

                     (a)  relates to the activity; and

                     (b)  is recognised by the ACMA as a standard for use in that industry; and

                     (c)  is likely to reduce a risk to the safety of the public if the carrier complies with the standard.

13  Compliance with international agreements

                   If a carrier engages in an activity covered by Division 2, 3 or 4, the carrier must do so in a manner that is consistent with Australia’s obligations under a listed international agreement that is relevant to the activity.

14  Conditions specified in the regulations

                   If a carrier engages, or proposes to engage, in an activity covered by Division 2, 3 or 4, the carrier must comply with any conditions that are specified in the regulations.

15  Conditions specified in a Ministerial Code of Practice

             (1)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, make a Code of Practice setting out conditions that are to be complied with by carriers in relation to any or all of the activities covered by Division 2, 3 or 4 (other than activities covered by a facility installation permit) or by Part 3 of Schedule 3A.

             (2)  A carrier must comply with the Code of Practice.

             (3)  The following are examples of conditions that may be set out in the Code of Practice:

                     (a)  a condition requiring carriers to undertake assessments, or further assessments, of the environmental impact of the activity concerned;

                     (b)  a condition requiring carriers to consult a particular person or body in relation to the activity concerned;

                     (c)  a condition requiring carriers to obtain the approval of a particular person or body in relation to the activity concerned.

             (4)  This clause does not, by implication, limit a power conferred by or under this Act to make an instrument.

             (5)  This clause does not, by implication, limit the matters that may be dealt with by codes or standards referred to in Part 6.

             (6)  Subclauses (4) and (5) do not, by implication, limit subsection 33(3B) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

16  Conditions to which a facility installation permit is subject

                   If:

                     (a)  a carrier engages, or proposes to engage, in an activity covered by Division 3; and

                     (b)  that activity is or will be authorised by a facility installation permit; and

                     (c)  the facility installation permit is subject to one or more conditions;

the carrier must comply with those conditions.

17  Notice to owner of land—general

             (1)  Before engaging in an activity under Division 2, 3 or 4 in relation to any land, a carrier must give written notice of its intention to do so to:

                     (a)  the owner of the land; and

                     (b)  if the land is occupied by a person other than the owner—the occupier.

             (2)  The notice must specify the purpose for which the carrier intends to engage in the activity.

             (3)  The notice under subclause (1) must contain a statement to the effect that, if a person suffers financial loss or damage in relation to property because of anything done by a carrier in engaging in the activity, compensation may be payable under clause 42.

             (4)  The notice must be given at least 10 business days before the carrier begins to engage in the activity.

          (4A)  Despite subclause (4), the notice need be given only 2 business days before the carrier begins to engage in an activity authorised by Division 2 (which deals with inspection) that:

                     (a)  is not inconsistent with Australia’s obligations under a listed international agreement; and

                     (b)  could not have an effect described in one or more of subparagraphs 27(7)(a)(ii) to (xii) (inclusive) of this Schedule; and

                     (c)  will not have an adverse effect on a streetscape or other landscape; and

                     (d)  will not have an impact on a place, area or thing described in paragraph 27(7)(c) or (d) of this Schedule.

             (5)  A person may waive the person’s right to be given a notice under subclause (1).

             (6)  Subclause (1) does not apply if:

                     (a)  the carrier intends to engage in activities under Division 2 (which deals with inspection of land), 3 (which deals with installation of facilities) or 4 (which deals with maintenance); and

                     (b)  those activities need to be carried out without delay in order to protect:

                              (i)  the integrity of a telecommunications network or a facility; or

                             (ii)  the health or safety of persons; or

                            (iii)  the environment; or

                            (iv)  property; or

                             (v)  the maintenance of an adequate level of service.

          (6A)  Subclause (1) does not apply if:

                     (a)  the carrier intends to engage in an activity under Division 2, 3 or 4 in relation to the installation, proposed installation or maintenance of a temporary defence facility; and

                     (b)  the carrier considers that compliance with subclause (1) is impracticable in the circumstances.

          (6B)  For the purposes of this clause, a temporary defence facility is a facility of the kind that is mentioned in paragraph 6(1)(c) of this Schedule.

             (7)  Subclause (1) does not apply if the carrier intends to engage in an activity under Division 2 (which deals with inspection) in relation to land that is a public place and the activity:

                     (a)  is not inconsistent with Australia’s obligations under a listed international agreement; and

                     (b)  could not have an effect described in one or more of subparagraphs 27(7)(a)(ii) to (xii) (inclusive) of this Schedule; and

                     (c)  will not have an adverse effect on a streetscape or other landscape; and

                     (d)  will not have an impact on a place, area or thing described in paragraph 27(7)(c) or (d) of this Schedule.

             (8)  Subclause (1) does not apply if:

                     (a)  the carrier intends to install a low‑impact facility under Division 3; and

                     (b)  the installation of the facility is covered by paragraph 6(5)(g).

             (9)  For the purposes of this clause, low‑impact facility has the same meaning as in clause 6.

18  Notice to owner of land—lopping of trees etc.

             (1)  At least 10 business days before engaging in any of the following activities under Division 2, 3 or 4:

                     (a)  cutting down or lopping a tree on private land;

                     (b)  clearing or removing undergrowth or vegetation on private land;

a carrier must give:

                     (c)  the owner of the land; and

                     (d)  if the land is occupied by a person other than the owner—the occupier;

a written notice requesting that the tree be cut down or lopped, or that the undergrowth or vegetation be cleared, as the case may be, in the manner, and within the period, specified in the notice.

             (2)  The carrier may only engage in those activities if the request is not complied with.

             (3)  A person may waive the person’s right to be given a notice under subclause (1).

          (3A)  Subclauses (1) and (2) do not apply if:

                     (a)  the carrier intends to engage in an activity under Division 2, 3 or 4 in relation to the installation, proposed installation or maintenance of a temporary defence facility; and

                     (b)  the carrier considers that compliance with subclause (1) is impracticable in the circumstances.

          (3B)  For the purposes of this clause, a temporary defence facility is a facility of the kind mentioned in paragraph 6(1)(c) of this Schedule.

             (4)  Subclauses (1) and (2) do not apply if:

                     (a)  the carrier intends to engage in activities under Division 2 (which deals with inspection of land), 3 (which deals with installation of facilities) or 4 (which deals with maintenance); and

                     (b)  those activities need to be carried out without delay in order to protect:

                              (i)  the integrity of a telecommunications network or a facility; or

                             (ii)  the health or safety of persons; or

                            (iii)  the environment; or

                            (iv)  property; or

                             (v)  the maintenance of an adequate level of service.

19  Notice to roads authorities, utilities etc.

             (1)  At least 10 business days before engaging in any of the following activities under Division 3 or 4:

                     (a)  closing, diverting or narrowing a road or bridge;

                     (b)  installing a facility on, over or under a road or bridge;

                     (c)  altering the position of a water, sewerage or gas main or pipe;

                     (d)  altering the position of an electricity cable or wire;

a carrier must give written notice of its intention to do so to the person or authority responsible for the care and management of the road, bridge, main, pipe, cable or wire.

             (2)  A person or authority may waive the person’s or authority’s right to be given a notice under subclause (1).

          (2A)  Subclause (1) does not apply if:

                     (a)  the carrier intends to engage in an activity under Division 2, 3 or 4 in relation to the installation, proposed installation or maintenance of a temporary defence facility; and

                     (b)  the carrier considers that compliance with subclause (1) is impracticable in the circumstances.

          (2B)  For the purposes of this clause, a temporary defence facility is a facility of the kind mentioned in paragraph 6(1)(c) of this Schedule.

             (3)  Subclause (1) does not apply if:

                     (a)  the carrier intends to engage in activities under Division 2 (which deals with inspection of land), 3 (which deals with installation of facilities) or 4 (which deals with maintenance); and

                     (b)  those activities need to be carried out without delay in order to protect:

                              (i)  the integrity of a telecommunications network or a facility; or

                             (ii)  the health or safety of persons; or

                            (iii)  the environment; or

                            (iv)  property; or

                             (v)  the maintenance of an adequate level of service.

20  Roads etc. to remain open for passage

                   If a carrier engages in an activity covered by Division 3, the carrier must ensure that a facility installed over a road, bridge, path or navigable water is installed in a way that will allow reasonable passage by persons, vehicles and vessels.

Division 6Facility installation permits

21  Application for facility installation permit

             (1)  A carrier may apply to the ACMA for a permit authorising the carrier to carry out the installation of one or more facilities.

             (2)  The permit is called a facility installation permit.

22  Form of application

                   An application must be:

                     (a)  in writing; and

                     (b)  in accordance with the form approved in writing by the ACMA.

23  Application to be accompanied by charge

                   An application for a facility installation permit must be accompanied by the charge (if any) fixed by a determination under section 60 of the Australian Communications and Media Authority Act 2005 in relation to so much of the ACMA’s expenses in connection with dealing with the application as do not relate to the conduct of a public inquiry in relation to the permit.

24  Withdrawal of application

                   This Division does not prevent the withdrawal of an application and the submission of a fresh application.

25  Issue of facility installation permit

             (1)  After considering the application, the ACMA may issue a facility installation permit authorising the applicant to carry out the installation of any or all of the facilities specified in the application.

             (2)  The ACMA must not issue a facility installation permit unless the ACMA has held a public inquiry in relation to the permit.

             (3)  The ACMA may decide to refuse to issue a facility installation permit without holding a public inquiry in relation to the permit.

Note:          An example of the operation of this subclause would be a case where the application does not disclose grounds on which the ACMA could issue the permit.

             (4)  If the ACMA decides to refuse to issue a facility installation permit, it must give the applicant a written notice setting out the decision.

             (5)  Clause 23 does not prevent a charge from being fixed by a determination under section 60 of the Australian Communications and Media Authority Act 2005 in relation to the holding of a public inquiry in relation to a permit.

26  Deemed refusal of facility installation permit

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the ACMA receives an application for a facility installation permit; and

                     (b)  10 business days pass and the ACMA has neither:

                              (i)  notified the applicant in writing that the ACMA has decided to refuse to issue the permit; nor

                             (ii)  notified the applicant in writing that the ACMA has decided to hold a public inquiry in relation to the permit;

the ACMA is taken, at the end of that period of 10 business days, to have decided to refuse to issue the permit.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the ACMA receives an application for a facility installation permit; and

                     (b)  65 business days pass and the ACMA has neither:

                              (i)  notified the applicant in writing that the ACMA has decided to refuse to issue the permit; nor

                             (ii)  notified the applicant in writing that the ACMA has decided to issue the permit;

the ACMA is taken, at the end of that period of 65 business days, to have decided to refuse to issue the permit.

             (3)  The ACMA may, by written instrument, determine that subclause (2) has effect, in relation to a specified application for a facility installation permit, as if a reference in that subclause to 65 business days were a reference to such greater number of business days, not exceeding 85 business days, as is specified in the determination. The determination has effect accordingly.

             (4)  In determining the validity of any action taken by the ACMA under Part 25 in relation to the holding of a public inquiry in relation to in a permit, regard must be had to the ACMA’s need to act with sufficient speed to meet the time limit imposed by subclause (2).

27  Criteria for issue of facility installation permit

Criteria

             (1)  The ACMA must not issue a facility installation permit that authorises a carrier to carry out the installation of one or more facilities unless the ACMA is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the telecommunications network to which the facilities relate is, or is likely to be, of national significance; and

                     (b)  the facilities are, or are likely to be, an important part of the telecommunications network to which the facilities relate; and

                     (c)  any of the following conditions is satisfied:

                              (i)  the greater part of the infrastructure of the telecommunications network to which the facilities relate has already been installed;

                             (ii)  the greater part of the infrastructure of the telecommunications network to which the facilities relate has not been installed but each administrative authority whose approval was required or would, apart from Division 3, be required, for the installation of the greater part of the infrastructure of the network has given, or is reasonably likely to give, such approval;

                            (iii)  no part of the infrastructure of the telecommunications network to which the facilities relate has been installed, but each administrative authority whose approval was required or would, apart from Division 3, be required, for the installation of the greater part of the infrastructure of the network has given, or is reasonably likely to give, such an approval; and

                     (d)  the advantages that are likely to be derived from the operation of the facilities in the context of the telecommunications network to which the facilities relate outweigh any form of degradation of the environment that is likely to result from the installation of the facilities; and

                     (e)  in a case where none of the facilities consists of a designated overhead line—the conditions set out in subclause (2) are satisfied; and

                      (f)  in a case where any of the facilities consists of a designated overhead line—all the conditions set out in subclause (2A) are satisfied; and

                     (g)  where the facility is proposed to be located near a community sensitive site, including residential areas, childcare centres, schools, aged care centres, hospitals, playgrounds and regional icons:

                              (i)  the community has been fully consulted, and wherever possible, has agreed to the facility; and

                             (ii)  alternative less sensitive sites have been considered; and

                            (iv)  efforts have been made to minimise electromagnetic radiation exposure to the public.

Conditions relating to facilities other than designated overhead lines

             (2)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(e), the following conditions are specified:

                     (a)  the carrier has made reasonable efforts to negotiate in good faith with:

                              (i)  each proprietor whose approval is required, or would, apart from Division 3, be required, for carrying out the installation; and

                             (ii)  each administrative authority whose approval is required, or would, apart from Division 3, be required, for carrying out the installation; and

                     (b)  one of the following subparagraphs applies:

                              (i)  at least one approval that is referred to in subparagraph (a)(i) has not been obtained within 20 business days after the beginning of the negotiations concerned;

                             (ii)  at least one approval that is referred to in subparagraph (a)(ii) has not been obtained within 6 months after the beginning of the negotiations concerned;

                            (iii)  at least one approval that is referred to in paragraph (a) has been refused.

Conditions relating to facilities consisting of designated overhead lines

          (2A)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(f), the following conditions are specified:

                     (a)  the carrier has made reasonable efforts to negotiate in good faith with each proprietor whose approval is required, or would, apart from Division 3, be required, for carrying out the installation; and

                     (b)  at least one of those approvals has not been obtained within 20 business days after the beginning of the negotiations concerned; and

                     (c)  each administrative authority whose approval is required, or would, apart from Division 3, be required, for the installation of the line has given such an approval.

Networks of national significance

             (3)  In determining the matter set out in paragraph (1)(a), the ACMA must have regard to the following:

                     (a)  the geographical reach of the network;

                     (b)  the number of customers connected, or likely to be connected, to the network;

                     (c)  the importance of the network to the national economy;

                     (d)  such other matters (if any) as the ACMA considers relevant.

When facilities are an important part of a network

             (4)  In determining the matter set out in paragraph (1)(b), the ACMA must have regard to at least one of the following:

                     (a)  the technical importance of the facilities in the context of the telecommunications network to which the facilities relate;

                     (b)  the economic importance of the facilities in the context of the telecommunications network to which the facilities relate;

                     (c)  the social importance of the facilities in the context of the telecommunications network to which the facilities relate.

When advantages of facilities outweigh degradation of the environment

             (5)  In determining the matter set out in paragraph (1)(d), the ACMA must have regard to the following:

                     (a)  the extent to which the installation of the facilities is likely to promote the long‑term interests of end‑users of carriage services or of services supplied by means of carriage services;

                     (b)  the impact of the installation, maintenance or operation of the facilities on the environment;

                     (c)  the objective of facilitating the timely supply of efficient, modern and cost‑effective carriage services to the public;

                     (d)  any relevant technical and/or economic aspects of the installation, maintenance or operation of the facilities in the context of the telecommunications network to which the facilities relate;

                     (e)  whether the installation of the facilities contributes to:

                              (i)  the fulfilment by the applicant of the universal service obligation; or

                             (ii)  the compliance by the applicant with the obligations under a contract entered into under section 14 of the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999 for a purpose relating to the achievement of a policy objective set out in paragraph 13(1)(a) or (b) of that Act; or

                            (iii)  the compliance by the applicant with the terms and conditions of a grant made under section 14 of the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999 for a purpose relating to the achievement of a policy objective set out in paragraph 13(1)(a) or (b) of that Act;

                      (f)  whether the installation of the facilities involves co‑location with one or more other facilities;

                     (g)  whether the installation of the facilities facilitates co‑location, or future co‑location, with one or more other facilities;

                     (h)  such other matters (if any) as the ACMA considers relevant.

Long‑term interests of end‑users

             (6)  For the purposes of this clause, the question whether a particular thing promotes the long‑term interests of end‑users of carriage services or of services supplied by means of carriage services is to be determined in the same manner as that question is determined for the purposes of Part XIC of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

Environmental impact

             (7)  In determining the matter set out in paragraph (5)(b), the ACMA must have regard to the following:

                     (a)  whether the installation, maintenance or operation of the facilities:

                              (i)  is inconsistent with Australia’s obligations under a listed international agreement; or

                             (ii)  could threaten with extinction, or significantly impede the recovery of, a threatened species; or

                            (iii)  could put a species of flora or fauna at risk of becoming a threatened species; or

                            (iv)  could have an adverse effect on a threatened species of flora or fauna; or

                             (v)  could damage the whole or a part of a habitat of a threatened species of flora or fauna; or

                            (vi)  could damage the whole or a part of a place, or an ecological community, that is essential to the continuing existence of a threatened species of flora or fauna; or

                           (vii)  could threaten with extinction, or significantly impede the recovery of, a threatened ecological community; or

                          (viii)  could have an adverse effect on a threatened ecological community; or

                            (ix)  could damage the whole or a part of the habitat of a threatened ecological community; or

                             (x)  could have an adverse effect on a listed migratory species (as defined in the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999); or

                            (xi)  will have or is likely to have a significant impact on the environment in a Commonwealth marine area (as defined in the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999); or

                           (xii)  will have or is likely to have a significant impact on the environment on Commonwealth land (as defined in the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999);

                     (b)  the visual effect of the facilities on streetscapes and other landscapes;

                     (c)  whether the facilities are to be installed at any of the following places:

                              (i)  a declared World Heritage property (as defined in the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999);

                            (ia)  a declared Ramsar wetland (as defined in the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999);

                             (ii)  a place that Australia is required to protect by the terms of a listed international agreement;

                            (iii)  an area that, under a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory, is reserved wholly or principally for nature conservation purposes (however described);

                            (iv)  an area that, under a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory, is protected from significant environmental disturbance;

                     (d)  whether the facilities are to be installed at or near an area or thing that is:

                              (i)  included in the National Heritage List or Commonwealth Heritage List, within the meaning of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999; or

                            (iii)  registered under a law of a State or Territory relating to heritage conservation; or

                            (iv)  of particular significance to Aboriginal persons, or Torres Strait Islanders, in accordance with their traditions;

                     (e)  such other matters (if any) as the ACMA considers relevant.

Deemed approvals by administrative authorities

             (8)  The ACMA may, by written instrument, determine that this clause has the effect it would have if it were assumed that a specified administrative authority had given a specified approval for the installation of one or more specified facilities. The determination has effect accordingly.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 33(3AB) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

Definitions

             (9)  In this clause:

administrative authority means:

                     (a)  the holder of an office; or

                     (b)  an authority of a State or a Territory; or

                     (c)  a local government body;

performing administrative functions under a law of a State or a Territory.

approval means an approval or permission (however described).

negotiations includes:

                     (a)  the submission of an application for approval; and

                     (b)  pursuing an application for approval.

proprietor means an owner or occupier of land.

review, in relation to a refusal to give an approval, means a review on the merits (in other words, a review that is not based on the grounds that the refusal is contrary to law).

telecommunications network includes a proposed telecommunications network.

28  Special provisions relating to environmental matters

             (1)  Chapters 2 and 4 and Divisions 1 to 4 (inclusive) of Part 13 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 do not apply to:

                     (a)  the performance of a function, or the exercise of a power, conferred on the ACMA by this Division; or

                     (b)  an action (as defined in that Act) authorised by a facility installation permit.

             (2)  Before issuing a facility installation permit, the ACMA must consult the Environment Secretary.

             (5)  In this clause:

this Division includes:

                     (a)  Part 25, to the extent that that Part relates to the holding of a public inquiry in relation to a permit; and

                     (b)  Part 29, to the extent that that Part relates to this Division.

29  Consultation with the ACCC

                   Before making a decision to issue, or to refuse to issue, a facility installation permit, the ACMA must consult the ACCC.

30  Facility installation permit has effect subject to this Act

             (1)  A facility installation permit has effect subject to this Act.

             (2)  In this clause:

this Act includes the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999 and regulations under that Act.

31  Duration of facility installation permit

             (1)  A facility installation permit comes into force when it is issued and remains in force until the end of the period specified in the permit.

             (2)  However, the ACMA may, by written notice given to the holder of a facility installation permit, extend the period specified in the permit if the ACMA is satisfied that the extension is warranted because of special circumstances.

32  Conditions of facility installation permit

             (1)  A facility installation permit is subject to such conditions as are specified in the permit.

             (2)  A condition of a facility installation permit may restrict, limit or prevent the carrying out of, an activity under Division 3. This subclause does not, by implication, limit subclause (1).

             (3)  The following are examples of conditions to which a facility installation permit may be subject:

                     (a)  a condition requiring the holder to undertake an assessment, or a further assessment, of the environmental impact of the installation of the facility concerned;

                     (b)  a condition requiring the holder to consult a particular person or body in relation to the installation of the facility concerned;

                     (c)  a condition requiring the holder to obtain the approval of a particular person or body in relation to the installation of the facility concerned.

33  Surrender of facility installation permit

                   The holder of a facility installation permit may, at any time, surrender the permit by written notice given to the ACMA.

34  Cancellation of facility installation permit

             (1)  The ACMA may, by written notice given to the holder of a facility installation permit, cancel the permit.

             (2)  In deciding whether to cancel the permit, the ACMA may have regard to:

                     (a)  any contravention of Division 5; and

                     (b)  any matter which the ACMA was entitled to have regard in deciding whether to issue a permit.

             (3)  Subclause (2) does not, by implication, limit the matters to which the ACMA may have regard.

35  Review of decisions by Administrative Appeals Tribunal

             (1)  Applications may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of a decision of the ACMA under clause 25 or 26 to refuse to issue a facility installation permit if the ACMA has not held a public inquiry in relation to the permit.

             (2)  If the ACMA:

                     (a)  makes a decision of a kind covered by subclause (1); and

                     (b)  gives to the person or persons whose interests are affected by the decision written notice of the making of the decision;

that notice is to include a statement to the effect that, subject to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975, application may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of the decision.

             (3)  A failure to comply with subclause (2) does not affect the validity of a decision.

             (4)  In this clause:

decision has the same meaning as in the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975.

Division 7Exemptions from State and Territory laws

36  Activities not generally exempt from State and Territory laws

             (1)  Divisions 2, 3 and 4 do not operate so as to authorise an activity to the extent that the carrying out of the activity would be inconsistent with the provisions of a law of a State or Territory.

             (2)  The rule set out in subclause (1) has effect subject to any exemptions that are applicable under clause 37.

37  Exemption from State and Territory laws

             (1)  This clause applies to an activity carried on by a carrier if the activity is authorised by Division 2, 3 or 4.

             (2)  The carrier may engage in the activity despite a law of a State or Territory about:

                     (a)  the assessment of the environmental effects of engaging in the activity; or

                     (b)  the protection of places or items of significance to Australia’s natural or cultural heritage; or

                     (c)  town planning; or

                     (d)  the planning, design, siting, construction, alteration or removal of a structure; or

                     (e)  the powers and functions of a local government body; or

                      (f)  the use of land; or

                     (g)  tenancy; or

                     (h)  the supply of fuel or power, including the supply and distribution of extra‑low voltage power systems; or

                      (i)  a matter specified in the regulations.

             (3)  Paragraph (2)(b) does not apply to a law in so far as the law provides for the protection of places or items of significance to the cultural heritage of Aboriginal persons or Torres Strait Islanders.

             (4)  Paragraph (2)(h) does not apply to a law in so far as the law deals with the supply of electricity at a voltage that exceeds that used for ordinary commercial or domestic requirements.

38  Concurrent operation of State and Territory laws

                   It is the intention of the Parliament that, if clause 37 entitles a carrier to engage in activities despite particular laws of a State or Territory, nothing in this Division is to affect the operation of any other law of a State or Territory, so far as that other law is capable of operating concurrently with this Act.

39  Liability to taxation not affected

                   This Division does not affect the liability of a carrier to taxation under a law of a State or Territory.

Division 8Miscellaneous

41  Guidelines

             (1)  In performing a function, or exercising a power, conferred on the ACMA by this Part, the ACMA must have regard to:

                     (a)  any guidelines in force under subclause (2); and

                     (b)  such other matters as the ACMA considers relevant.

             (2)  The ACMA may, by written instrument, formulate guidelines for the purposes of subclause (1).

42  Compensation

             (1)  If a person suffers financial loss or damage because of anything done by a carrier under Division 2, 3 or 4 in relation to:

                     (a)  any property owned by the person; or

                     (b)  any property in which the person has an interest;

there is payable to the person by the carrier such reasonable amount of compensation:

                     (c)  as is agreed between them; or

                     (d)  failing agreement—as is determined by a court of competent jurisdiction.

             (2)  Compensation payable under subclause (1) includes, without limitation, compensation in relation to:

                     (a)  damage of a temporary character as well as of a permanent character; and

                     (b)  the taking of sand, soil, stone, gravel, timber, water and other things.

             (3)  In this clause:

court of competent jurisdiction, in relation to property, means:

                     (a)  the Federal Court; or

                     (b)  the Supreme Court of the State or Territory in which the property is situated or was situated at the time of the relevant loss or damage; or

                     (c)  an inferior court that has jurisdiction:

                              (i)  for the recovery of debts up to an amount not less than the amount of compensation claimed by the person; and

                             (ii)  in relation to the locality in which the property, or part of the property, is situated or was situated at the time of the relevant loss or damage.

inferior court means:

                     (a)  a County Court, District Court or local Court of a State or Territory; or

                     (b)  a court of summary jurisdiction exercising civil jurisdiction.

43  Power extends to carrier’s employees etc.

                   If, under a provision of Division 2, 3 or 4, a carrier is empowered to:

                     (a)  enter on land; or

                     (b)  inspect land; or

                     (c)  occupy land; or

                     (d)  do anything else on, over or under land;

the provision also empowers:

                     (e)  an employee of the carrier; or

                      (f)  a person acting for the carrier under a contract; or

                     (g)  an employee of a person referred to in paragraph (f);

to do that thing.

44  State and Territory laws that discriminate against carriers and users of carriage services

             (1)  The following provisions have effect:

                     (a)  a law of a State or Territory has no effect to the extent to which the law discriminates, or would have the effect (whether direct or indirect) of discriminating, against a particular carrier, against a particular class of carriers, or against carriers generally;

                     (b)  without limiting paragraph (a), a person is not entitled to a right, privilege, immunity or benefit, and must not exercise a power, under a law of a State or Territory to the extent to which the law discriminates, or would have the effect (whether direct or indirect) of discriminating, against a particular carrier, against a particular class of carriers, or against carriers generally;

                     (c)  without limiting paragraph (a), a person is not required to comply with a law of a State or Territory to the extent to which the law discriminates, or would have the effect (whether direct or indirect) of discriminating, against a particular carrier, against a particular class of carriers, or against carriers generally.

             (2)  The following provisions have effect:

                     (a)  a law of a State or Territory has no effect to the extent to which the law discriminates, or would have the effect (whether direct or indirect) of discriminating, against a particular eligible user, against a particular class of eligible users, or against eligible users generally;

                     (b)  without limiting paragraph (a), a person is not entitled to a right, privilege, immunity or benefit, and must not exercise a power, under a law of a State or Territory to the extent to which the law discriminates, or would have the effect (whether direct or indirect) of discriminating, against a particular eligible user, against a particular class of eligible users, or against eligible users generally;

                     (c)  without limiting paragraph (a), a person is not required to comply with a law of a State or Territory to the extent to which the law discriminates, or would have the effect (whether direct or indirect) of discriminating, against a particular eligible user, against a particular class of eligible users, or against eligible users generally.

             (3)  For the purposes of this clause, if a carriage service is, or is proposed to be, supplied to a person by means of a controlled network, or a controlled facility, of a carrier, the person is an eligible user.

             (4)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, exempt a specified law of a State or Territory from subclause (1).

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 13(3) of the Legislation Act 2003.

             (5)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, exempt a specified law of a State or Territory from subclause (2).

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 13(3) of the Legislation Act 2003.

             (6)  An exemption under subclause (4) or (5) may be unconditional or subject to such conditions (if any) as are specified in the exemption.

Note:          The following are examples of a law of a State or Territory:

(a)    a provision of a State or Territory Act;

(b)    a provision of a legislative instrument made under a State or Territory Act.

45  State and Territory laws may confer powers and immunities on carriers

                   It is the intention of the Parliament that this Part is not to be construed as preventing a law of a State or Territory from conferring powers or immunities on carriers, so long as that law is capable of operating concurrently with this Act.

46  ACMA may limit tort liability in relation to the supply of certain carriage services

             (1)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, impose limits on amounts recoverable in tort in relation to acts done, or omissions made, in relation to the supply of specified carriage services.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 13(3) of the Legislation Act 2003.

             (2)  An instrument under subclause (1) has effect accordingly.

             (3)  A limit imposed by an instrument under subclause (1) may be expressed to apply in relation to:

                     (a)  the total of the amounts that can be recovered in relation to a single event; or

                     (b)  the total of the amounts that can be recovered by a particular plaintiff in relation to a single event.

             (4)  An instrument under subclause (1) may impose a limit expressed as:

                     (a)  a dollar amount; or

                     (b)  a method of calculating an amount.

             (5)  Subclauses (3) and (4) do not, by implication, limit subclause (1).

             (6)  This clause does not apply to a cause of action under Part 5 of the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999 (which deals with the customer service guarantee).

             (7)  This clause does not apply to a cause of action under clause 42 (which deals with compensation for loss or damage resulting from a carrier’s activities under Division 2, 3 or 4).

47  Ownership of facilities

                   Unless the circumstances indicate otherwise, a facility, or a part of a facility, that is supplied, installed, maintained or operated by a carrier remains the property of its owner:

                     (a)  in any case—whether or not it has become (either in whole or in part), a fixture; and

                     (b)  in the case of a network unit—whether or not a nominated carrier declaration is in force in relation to the network unit.

48  ACMA may inform the public about designated overhead lines, telecommunications transmission towers and underground facilities

             (1)  The ACMA may inform members of the public about the kinds and location of:

                     (a)  designated overhead lines; and

                     (b)  telecommunications transmission towers; and

                     (c)  underground facilities.

             (2)  In performing the function conferred on the ACMA by subclause (1), the ACMA must have regard to the following matters:

                     (a)  if:

                              (i)  the ACMA is satisfied that a body or association represents carriers; and

                             (ii)  the body or association has given the ACMA a written statement setting out the body’s or association’s views about how the ACMA should perform that function;

                            the views set out in the statement;

                     (b)  the legitimate business interests of carriers;

                     (c)  the objective of safeguarding national security;

                     (d)  the privacy of end‑users of carriage services supplied by means of the lines, towers or facilities concerned.

             (3)  Subclause (2) does not, by implication, limit the matters to which the ACMA may have regard.

             (4)  Clauses 40 and 41 do not apply to the function conferred on the ACMA by subclause (1).

             (5)  In this clause:

telecommunications transmission tower means:

                     (a)  a tower; or

                     (b)  a pole; or

                     (c)  a mast; or

                     (d)  a similar structure;

used to supply a carriage service by means of radiocommunications.

50  Monitoring of progress in relation to placing facilities underground

                   The ACMA is to monitor, and report to the Minister on, progress in relation to the implementation of efforts to place facilities underground.

51  Removal of certain overhead lines

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  an overhead line (the eligible overhead line) is attached to a pole (the first pole); and

                     (b)  the eligible overhead line, or a portion of the eligible overhead line, is suspended between the first pole and another pole (the second pole); and

                     (c)  the installation of the eligible overhead line was or is authorised by:

                              (i)  this Act; or

                             (ii)  section 116 of the Telecommunications Act 1991; or

                            (iii)  Division 3 of Part 7 of the Telecommunications Act 1991; or

                            (iv)  a repealed law of the Commonwealth; and

                     (d)  there is also attached to the first pole one or more other overhead cables, where at least one of the other overhead cables is a non‑communications cable; and

                     (e)  each of the non‑communications cables is permanently removed (either simultaneously or over a period) and is not replaced;

the owner of the eligible overhead line must, within 6 months after the completion of the last of the removals referred to in paragraph (e), permanently remove so much of the eligible overhead line as is suspended between the first pole and the second pole.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  there is a local government body for the area in which the first pole is situated; and

                     (b)  there is no prescribed administrative authority for the State or Territory in which the first pole is situated;

the local government body may, by writing:

                     (c)  exempt the owner of the eligible overhead line from compliance with subclause (1) in relation to the first pole; or

                     (d)  extend the period of 6 months mentioned in subclause (1) for the purposes of the application of subclause (1) to the owner of the eligible overhead line and to the first pole.

             (3)  If there is a prescribed administrative authority for the State or Territory in which the first pole is situated, the prescribed administrative authority may, by writing:

                     (a)  exempt the owner of the eligible overhead line from compliance with subclause (1) in relation to the first pole; or

                     (b)  extend the period of 6 months mentioned in subclause (1) for the purposes of the application of subclause (1) to the owner of the eligible overhead line and to the first pole.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  there is no local government body for the area in which the first pole is situated; and

                     (b)  there is no prescribed administrative authority for the State or Territory in which the first pole is situated;

the regulations may make provision for and in relation to:

                     (c)  the exemption of the owner of the eligible overhead line from compliance with subclause (1) in relation to the first pole; and

                     (d)  the extension of the period of 6 months mentioned in subclause (1) for the purposes of the application of subclause (1) to the owner of the eligible overhead line and to the first pole.

             (5)  Regulations made for the purposes of subclause (4) may make provision with respect to a matter by conferring a power on the ACMA.

             (6)  This clause does not prevent 2 or more instruments under subclause (2) or (3) from being combined in the same document.

             (7)  In this clause:

administrative authority means:

                     (a)  the holder of an office; or

                     (b)  an authority of a State or a Territory;

that performs administrative functions under a law of a State or a Territory.

line includes a disused line.

non‑communications cable means an overhead cable (other than a line).

overhead cable means a wire or cable that is suspended above the surface of:

                     (a)  land (other than submerged land); or

                     (b)  a river, lake, tidal inlet, bay, estuary, harbour or other body of water.

overhead line means a line that is suspended above the surface of:

                     (a)  land (other than submerged land); or

                     (b)  a river, lake, tidal inlet, bay, estuary, harbour or other body of water.

prescribed administrative authority, in relation to a State or a Territory, means an administrative authority that:

                     (a)  performs administrative functions under a law of the State or the Territory; and

                     (b)  is specified in the regulations.

52  Commonwealth laws not displaced

                   Divisions 2, 3 and 4 do not authorise a carrier to engage in an activity contrary to the requirements of another law of the Commonwealth.

53  Subdivider to pay for necessary alterations

                   If:

                     (a)  it becomes necessary, in the opinion of a carrier, because of the subdivision of any land, to remove, or alter the position of, a facility on, over or under the land; and

                     (b)  the carrier incurs costs in connection with anything reasonably done in connection with the removal or alteration;

the person who subdivided the land is liable to pay to the carrier so much of those costs as is reasonable, and that amount may be recovered in a court of competent jurisdiction as a debt due to the carrier.

54  Service of notices

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a carrier is unable, after diligent inquiry, to find out who owns particular land; or

                     (b)  a carrier is unable to serve a notice under this Part on the owner of land either personally or by post;

the carrier may serve a notice under this Part on the owner of the land by publishing a copy of the notice in a newspaper circulating in a district in which the land is situated and:

                     (c)  if the land is occupied—serving a copy of the notice on the occupier; or

                     (d)  if the land is not occupied—attaching, if practicable, a copy of the notice to a conspicuous part of the land.

             (2)  If a carrier is unable, after diligent inquiry, to find out:

                     (a)  whether particular land is occupied; or

                     (b)  who occupies particular land;

the carrier may treat the land as unoccupied land.

             (3)  If a carrier is unable to serve a notice under this Part on the occupier of land either personally or by post, the carrier may serve a notice under this Part on the occupier by:

                     (a)  publishing a copy of the notice in a newspaper circulating in a district in which the land is situated; and

                     (b)  attaching, if practicable, a copy of the notice to a conspicuous part of the land.

             (4)  This clause does not affect the operation of any other law of the Commonwealth, or of any law of a State or Territory, that authorises the service of a document otherwise than as provided in this clause.

Part 2Transitional provisions

  

60  Existing buildings, structures and facilities—application of State and Territory laws

                   A law of a State or Territory that relates to:

                     (a)  the standards applicable to:

                              (i)  the design; or

                             (ii)  the manner of the construction;

                            of a building, structure or facility; or

                     (b)  the approval of the construction of a building, structure or facility; or

                     (c)  the occupancy, or use, of a building, structure or facility; or

                     (d)  the alteration or demolition of a building, structure or facility;

does not apply to a building, structure or facility that is owned or operated by a carrier to the extent that the construction, alteration or demolition of the building, structure or facility was or is authorised by:

                     (e)  section 116 of the Telecommunications Act 1991; or

                      (f)  Division 3 of Part 7 of the Telecommunications Act 1991; or

                     (g)  a repealed law of the Commonwealth.

61  Existing buildings, structures and facilities—application of the common law

                   A rule of the common law that relates to trespass does not apply to the continued existence of a building, structure or facility that is owned or operated by a carrier to the extent that the construction or alteration of the building, structure or facility was or is authorised by:

                     (a)  section 116 of the Telecommunications Act 1991; or

                     (b)  Division 3 of Part 7 of the Telecommunications Act 1991; or

                     (c)  a repealed law of the Commonwealth.

Part 3Compensation for acquisition of property

  

62  Compensation for acquisition of property

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  either of the following would result in an acquisition of property from a person:

                              (i)  anything done by a carrier under, or because of, this Schedule;

                             (ii)  the existence of rights conferred on a carrier under, or because of, this Schedule in relation to a building, structure or facility owned or operated by the carrier; and

                     (b)  the acquisition of property would not be valid, apart from this clause, because a particular person had not been compensated;

the carrier must pay that person:

                     (c)  a reasonable amount of compensation agreed on between the person and the carrier; or

                     (d)  failing agreement—a reasonable amount of compensation determined by a court of competent jurisdiction.

             (2)  In assessing compensation payable under this clause arising out of an event, the following must be taken into account:

                     (a)  any compensation obtained by the person as a result of an agreement between the person and the carrier otherwise than under this clause but arising out of the same event;

                     (b)  any damages or compensation recovered by the person from the carrier, or other remedy given, in a proceeding begun otherwise than under this clause but arising out of the same event.

             (3)  This clause does not limit the operation of clause 42.

             (4)  In this clause:

acquisition of property has the same meaning as in paragraph 51(xxxi) of the Constitution.

63  Application of this Part

                   This Part applies in relation to:

                     (a)  anything done by a carrier under, or because of, this Schedule after the commencement of Schedule 2 to the Telecommunications and Other Legislation Amendment (Protection of Submarine Cables and Other Measures) Act 2005; and

                     (b)  the existence of rights:

                              (i)  in relation to a building, structure or facility owned or operated by a carrier; and

                             (ii)  that are conferred on a carrier under, or because of, this Schedule on or after the commencement of Schedule 2 to the Telecommunications and Other Legislation Amendment (Protection of Submarine Cables and Other Measures) Act 2005.

Schedule 3AProtection of submarine cables

Note:       See section 484A.

Part 1Preliminary

  

1  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Schedule:

•      This Schedule regulates the installation of certain submarine cables that are connected to places in Australia.

•      The ACMA may declare protection zones in relation to submarine cables. In a protection zone, certain activities are prohibited and restrictions may be imposed on other activities.

•      Carriers who intend to install certain submarine cables in certain Australian waters must apply for a permit to do so from the ACMA.

2  Definitions

             (1)  In this Schedule, unless the contrary intention appears:

Aboriginal person means a person of the Aboriginal race of Australia.

advisory committee means an advisory committee established by section 58 of the Australian Communications and Media Authority Act 2005.

Attorney‑General’s Department means the Department administered by the Attorney‑General.

Australia, when used in a geographical sense, includes all of the external Territories.

Note:          Australia has a different meaning in this Schedule from the meaning it has elsewhere in this Act.

Australian national means:

                     (a)  an Australian citizen; or

                     (b)  a body corporate established by, or under, a law of:

                              (i)  the Commonwealth; or

                             (ii)  a State; or

                            (iii)  a Territory; or

                     (c)  the Commonwealth; or

                     (d)  a State; or

                     (e)  a Territory.

Australian ship means a ship other than a foreign ship.

Australian waters means:

                     (a)  the waters of the territorial sea of Australia; and

                     (b)  the waters of the exclusive economic zone of Australia; and

                     (c)  the sea above that part of the continental shelf of Australia that is beyond the limits of the exclusive economic zone.

Note:          Australia, when used in this definition, includes all of the external territories.

business day means a day on which the ACMA is open for business in both:

                     (a)  Victoria; and

                     (b)  the Australian Capital Territory.

cetacean has the same meaning as in the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

coastal waters:

                     (a)  of a State, means that part of the sea that is included in the coastal waters of the State within the meaning of the Coastal Waters (State Powers) Act 1980; and

                     (b)  of the Northern Territory, means that part of the sea that is included in the coastal waters of the Territory within the meaning of the Coastal Waters (Northern Territory Powers) Act 1980.

Commonwealth marine area has the same meaning as in the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

Commonwealth regulatory approval, in relation to the installation of a submarine cable or cables, means an approval (however described) that:

                     (a)  relates to the installation of the cable or cables; and

                     (b)  is required under:

                              (i)  the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999; or

                             (ii)  any other law of the Commonwealth (other than this Schedule).

conduct means an act, an omission to perform an act or a state of affairs.

declared Ramsar wetland has the same meaning as in the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

declared World Heritage property has the same meaning as in the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

domestic submarine cable means that part of a line link (within the meaning of section 30):

                     (a)  that is laid on or beneath the seabed that lies beneath Australian waters; and

                     (b)  that is laid for purposes that include connecting a place in Australia with another place in Australia (whether or not the cable is laid via a place outside Australia); and

                     (c)  that is connected to a place in Australia;

and includes any device attached to that part of the line link, if the device is used in or in connection with the line link, but does not include an international submarine cable.

Note 1:       Any part of a line link that is laid elsewhere than on or beneath the Australian seabed, and any device attached to such part of a line link, is not a domestic submarine cable for the purposes of this Schedule.

Note 2:       See also subclause (3).

ecological character has the same meaning as in the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

ecological community has the same meaning as in the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

engage in conduct means to do an act or omit to do an act.

environment has the same meaning as in the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

Environment Secretary means the Secretary of the Department administered by the Minister who is for the time being responsible for administering the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

foreign national means a person who is not an Australian national.

foreign ship has the same meaning as in the Customs Act 1901.

installation, in relation to a submarine cable, includes:

                     (a)  the laying of the cable on or beneath the seabed; and

                     (b)  the attachment of the cable to any other cable or thing; and

                     (c)  any activity that is ancillary or incidental to the installation of the cable (for this purpose, installation includes an activity covered by paragraph (a) or (b)).

international agreement means:

                     (a)  a convention to which Australia is a party; or

                     (b)  an agreement or arrangement between Australia and a foreign country;

and includes, for example, an agreement, arrangement or understanding between a Minister and an official or authority of a foreign country.

international submarine cable means that part of a line link (within the meaning of section 30):

                     (a)  that is laid on or beneath the seabed that lies beneath Australian waters; and

                     (b)  that is laid for purposes that include connecting a place in Australia with a place outside Australia (whether or not the cable is laid via another place in Australia); and

                     (c)  that is connected to a place in Australia;

and includes any device attached to that part of the line link, if the device is used in or in connection with the line link.

Note 1:       Any part of a line link that is laid elsewhere than on or beneath the Australian seabed, and any device attached to such part of a line link, is not an international submarine cable for the purposes of this Schedule.

Note 2:       See also subclause (4).

listed international agreement means any of the following:

                     (a)  an agreement that is a listed international agreement for the purposes of Schedule 3;

                     (b)  an international agreement specified in regulations made for the purposes of this definition.

listed marine species has the same meaning as in the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

listed migratory species has the same meaning as in the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

listed threatened species has the same meaning as in the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

National Heritage List has the same meaning as in the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

National Heritage value has the same meaning as in the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

non‑protection zone installation permit means a permit under Division 3 of Part 3 of this Schedule.

protection zone means a protection zone declared by the ACMA under clause 4.

protection zone installation permit means a permit under Division 2 of Part 3 of this Schedule.

security has the same meaning as in the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979.

ship means any kind of vessel used in navigation by water, however propelled or moved.

submarine cable means:

                     (a)  a domestic submarine cable; or

                     (b)  an international submarine cable.

Note:          See also subclause (5).

threatened ecological community means an ecological community that is included in the list of threatened ecological communities kept under Division 1 of Part 13 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

threatened species means a species that is included in one of the following categories of the list of threatened species kept under Division 1 of Part 13 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999:

                     (a)  extinct in the wild;

                     (b)  critically endangered;

                     (c)  endangered;

                     (d)  vulnerable.

Torres Strait Islander means a descendant of an indigenous inhabitant of the Torres Strait Islands.

world heritage values has the same meaning as in the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

             (2)  A reference in this Schedule to the location of a submarine cable includes, in relation to a submarine cable that is not yet installed, a reference to the proposed location of the submarine cable.

             (3)  A reference in this Schedule to a domestic submarine cable includes a reference to a part of a domestic submarine cable.

             (4)  A reference in this Schedule to an international submarine cable includes a reference to a part of an international submarine cable.

             (5)  A reference in this Schedule to a submarine cable includes a reference to a part of a submarine cable.

2A  Extension to offshore areas

                   Section 11 has effect, in relation to this Schedule, as if the reference in paragraph (1)(b) of that section to each of the eligible Territories were a reference to each of the external Territories.

2B  Submarine cable installed in a protection zone

                   For the purposes of this Schedule, in determining whether a submarine cable is in, or is installed in, a protection zone, it is immaterial whether the cable is the cable, or any of the cables, in relation to which the protection zone was declared.

Part 2Protection zones

Division 1Simplified outline

3  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      The ACMA may declare a protection zone in relation to a submarine cable installed in Australian waters.

•      The ACMA must consult with an advisory committee, with the Environment Secretary and with the public before it declares a protection zone.

•      Certain activities are prohibited in the zone and restrictions may be imposed on other activities in the zone.

•      It is an offence for a person to damage a submarine cable in a protection zone, to engage in an activity that is prohibited in a protection zone, or to contravene any restrictions imposed on an activity in a protection zone.

Division 2Declaration of protection zones

Subdivision ADeclarations

4  ACMA may declare a protection zone

             (1)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, declare a protection zone in relation to one or more submarine cables, or one or more submarine cables that are proposed to be installed, in Australian waters.

          (1A)  The ACMA must not declare a protection zone in relation to one or more domestic submarine cables, or one or more domestic submarine cables that are proposed to be installed, unless:

                     (a)  the cable or cables are specified in the regulations; or

                     (b)  the route or routes of the proposed cable or cables are specified in the regulations.

             (2)  Before the ACMA declares a protection zone, the ACMA must comply with Subdivision B.

Note:          Subdivision B requires the ACMA to develop a proposal for the protection zone and to consult about the proposal, and to satisfy other prerequisites.

5  Declaration on ACMA’s initiative or in response to request

                   A declaration of a protection zone may be made:

                     (a)  on the ACMA’s own initiative; or

                     (b)  at the request of a person.

6  Response to a request to declare a protection zone

ACMA decides to develop a proposal

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person requests the ACMA to declare a protection zone; and

                     (b)  the ACMA decides to develop a proposal for a protection zone in response to the request;

the ACMA must give the person a copy of its proposal.

ACMA decides not to develop a proposal

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person requests the ACMA to declare a protection zone; and

                     (b)  the ACMA decides not to develop a proposal for a protection zone in response to the request;

the ACMA must notify the person in writing of the ACMA’s decision and the reasons for the decision.

7  Decision not to declare a requested protection zone or to declare a different protection zone

No declaration

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person requests the ACMA to declare a protection zone; and

                     (b)  the ACMA develops a proposal for the protection zone in response to the request; and

                     (c)  the ACMA decides not to declare the protection zone;

the ACMA must notify the person in writing of the ACMA’s decision and the reasons for the decision.

Declaration different from request

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person requests the ACMA to declare a protection zone; and

                     (b)  the ACMA develops a proposal for the protection zone in response to the request; and

                     (c)  the ACMA declares a protection zone that is different from the requested protection zone;

the ACMA must give the person a copy of the declaration, together with a written statement setting out the ACMA’s reasons for declaring a protection zone that is different from the requested protection zone.

8  Location of submarine cable to be specified in declaration

             (1)  A declaration of a protection zone:

                     (a)  must specify a nominal location for the cable or cables in all Australian waters in which the cable is installed; and

                     (b)  must not specify a location for the cable or cables outside Australian waters.

             (2)  The location must be expressed in geographic coordinates and must include the geodetic datum to which the coordinates refer.

9  Area of a protection zone

Area is as set out in this clause unless declaration specifies otherwise

             (1)  Unless the ACMA specifies otherwise in the declaration of a protection zone, the protection zone in relation to:

                     (a)  one submarine cable—is the area set out in subclause (2); and

                     (b)  more than one submarine cable—is the area set out in subclause (4).

Protection zone in relation to only one submarine cable

             (2)  The protection zone in relation to one submarine cable:

                     (a)  consists of so much of the following as is Australian waters:

                              (i)  the area within 1,852 metres either side of the points on the surface of the sea above the nominal location of the cable; and

                             (ii)  the waters beneath that area; and

                     (b)  the seabed and subsoil beneath that area.

Note:          If a cable leaves one area of Australian waters and subsequently enters another area of Australian waters, subclause (2) has the effect that the protection zone in relation to that cable covers both areas of Australian waters.

             (3)  A declaration of a protection zone in relation to one submarine cable has no effect to the extent that it covers an area outside the area described in subclause (2).

Protection zone in relation to more than one submarine cable

             (4)  The protection zone in relation to more than one submarine cable:

                     (a)  consists of so much of the following as is Australian waters:

                              (i)  the area between the nominal location of the cables; and

                             (ii)  the area within 1,852 metres from the outside edge of the points on the surface of the sea above the nominal location of each of the two outermost cables; and

                            (iii)  the waters beneath those areas; and

                     (b)  the seabed and subsoil beneath those areas.

Note:          If a cable leaves one area of Australian waters and subsequently enters another area of Australian waters, subclause (4) has the effect that the protection zone in relation to that cable covers both areas of Australian waters.

             (5)  A declaration of a protection zone in relation to more than one submarine cable has no effect to the extent that it covers an area outside the area described in subclause (4).

Nominal location

             (6)  In this clause:

nominal location, of a submarine cable or cables, means the nominal location specified in the declaration of the protection zone in relation to the cable or cables.

10  Prohibited activities

             (1)  A declaration of a protection zone may specify activities that are prohibited in the protection zone.

             (2)  If a declaration of a protection zone does not specify activities that are prohibited in the protection zone, the activities specified in subclause (4) are prohibited.

             (3)  An activity which is specified in a declaration of a protection zone must be an activity that is covered by subclause (4).

             (4)  This subclause covers the following activities:

                     (a)  the use of:

                              (i)  trawl gear that is designed to work on or near the seabed (for example, a demersal trawl); or

                             (ii)  a net anchored to the seabed and kept upright by floats (for example, a demersal gillnet); or

                            (iii)  a fishing line that is designed to catch fish at or near the seabed (for example, a demersal line); or

                            (iv)  a dredge; or

                             (v)  a pot or trap; or

                            (vi)  a squid jig; or

                           (vii)  a seine; or

                          (viii)  a structure moored to the seabed with the primary function of attracting fish for capture (for example, a fish aggregating device);

                     (b)  towing, operating, or suspending from a ship:

                              (i)  any item mentioned in paragraph (a); or

                             (ii)  a net, line, rope, chain or any other thing used in connection with fishing operations;

                     (c)  lowering, raising or suspending an anchor from a ship;

                     (d)  sand mining;

                     (e)  exploring for or exploiting resources (other than marine species);

                      (f)  mining or the use of mining techniques;

                     (g)  any activity that involves a serious risk that an object will connect with the seabed, if a connection between the object and a submarine cable would be capable of damaging the cable;

                     (h)  an activity specified in the regulations, being an activity that, if done near a submarine cable, would involve a serious risk of damaging the cable.

             (5)  However, subclause (4) does not cover an activity if:

                     (a)  the activity is carried on by, or on behalf of, a person who owns or operates a submarine cable in the protection zone; and

                     (b)  the activity consists of the maintenance or repair of the submarine cable.

11  Restricted activities

             (1)  A declaration of a protection zone may specify restrictions that are imposed in the protection zone on activities in the protection zone.

             (2)  An activity on which restrictions are imposed must be an activity that is covered by subclause (3).

             (3)  This subclause covers the following activities:

                     (a)  the use of:

                              (i)  a net that is above the seabed at all times; or

                             (ii)  lures or baits attached to a line towed behind a ship;

                     (b)  towing, operating, or suspending from a ship:

                              (i)  any item mentioned in paragraph (a); or

                             (ii)  a net, line, rope, chain or any other thing used in connection with fishing operations;

                     (c)  fishing using a line;

                     (d)  installing, maintaining or removing an electricity cable, an oil or gas pipeline, any like cables or pipelines and any associated equipment;

                     (e)  constructing, maintaining or removing an installation for the use of ships;

                      (f)  constructing or maintaining navigational aids;

                     (g)  any activity that involves a risk that an object will connect with the seabed, if a connection between the object and a