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Telecommunications Act 1997

Authoritative Version
  • - C2019C00104
  • In force - Superseded Version
  • View Series
Act No. 47 of 1997 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Telecommunications Legislation Amendment Act 2019
An Act about telecommunications, and for related purposes
Administered by: Communications and the Arts
Registered 12 Mar 2019
Start Date 02 Mar 2019
End Date 29 Aug 2019
Table of contents.

Commonwealth Coat of Arms of Australia

Telecommunications Act 1997

No. 47, 1997

Compilation No. 92

Compilation date:                              2 March 2019

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 6, 2019

Registered:                                         12 March 2019

This compilation is in 2 volumes

Volume 1:       sections 1–594

Volume 2:       Schedules

                        Endnotes

Each volume has its own contents

 

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Telecommunications Act 1997 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 2 March 2019 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Part 1—Introduction                                                                                                            1

1............................ Short title............................................................................ 1

2............................ Commencement.................................................................. 1

3............................ Objects................................................................................ 1

4............................ Regulatory policy................................................................ 3

5............................ Simplified outline................................................................ 3

6............................ Main index.......................................................................... 7

7............................ Definitions.......................................................................... 8

8............................ Crown to be bound........................................................... 23

9............................ Extra‑territorial application................................................ 23

10.......................... Extension to external Territories....................................... 23

11.......................... Extension to offshore areas............................................... 23

11A....................... Application of the Criminal Code..................................... 24

12.......................... Act subject to Radiocommunications Act......................... 24

13.......................... Continuity of partnerships................................................ 25

14.......................... Controlled carriage services, controlled networks and controlled facilities               25

15.......................... Content service................................................................. 26

16.......................... Listed carriage services..................................................... 27

18.......................... Access to an emergency call service................................. 28

19.......................... Recognised person who operates an emergency call service 28

20.......................... Customer cabling.............................................................. 28

21.......................... Customer equipment......................................................... 29

22.......................... Customer cabling and customer equipment—boundary of a telecommunications network      30

23.......................... Immediate circle................................................................ 32

24.......................... Extended meaning of use.................................................. 37

Part 2—Network units                                                                                                      38

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                                38

25.......................... Simplified outline.............................................................. 38

Division 2—Basic definition                                                                                    39

26.......................... Single line links connecting distinct places in Australia.... 39

27.......................... Multiple line links connecting distinct places in Australia. 39

28.......................... Designated radiocommunications facility.......................... 40

29.......................... Facilities specified in Ministerial determination................ 41

Division 3—Related definitions                                                                             42

30.......................... Line links.......................................................................... 42

31.......................... Designated radiocommunications facility.......................... 42

32.......................... Public mobile telecommunications service........................ 44

33.......................... Intercell hand‑over functions............................................ 45

34.......................... When a base station is part of a terrestrial radiocommunications customer access network     46

35.......................... Fixed radiocommunications link....................................... 47

Division 4—Distinct places                                                                                      49

36.......................... Distinct places—basic rules.............................................. 49

37.......................... Properties.......................................................................... 49

38.......................... Combined areas................................................................ 50

39.......................... Principal user of a property............................................... 51

40.......................... Eligible combined areas.................................................... 51

Part 3—Carriers                                                                                                                   52

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                                52

41.......................... Simplified outline.............................................................. 52

Division 2—Prohibitions relating to carriers                                                53

42.......................... Network unit not to be used without carrier licence or nominated carrier declaration               53

43.......................... Continuing offences.......................................................... 54

44.......................... Supply to the public.......................................................... 54

45.......................... Exemption—defence......................................................... 56

46.......................... Exemption—intelligence operations.................................. 57

47.......................... Exemption—transport authorities..................................... 57

48.......................... Exemption—broadcasting services................................... 58

49.......................... Exemption—electricity supply bodies............................... 60

50.......................... Exemption—line links authorised by or under previous laws  61

51.......................... Exemption—Ministerial determination............................. 63

Division 3—Carrier licences                                                                                   65

52.......................... Applications for carrier licence......................................... 65

53.......................... Form of application etc..................................................... 65

53A....................... Copy of application to be given to Communications Access Co‑ordinator              65

54.......................... Application to be accompanied by charge......................... 65

55.......................... Further information........................................................... 66

56.......................... Grant of licence................................................................. 66

56A....................... Consultation with Communications Access Co‑ordinator 66

57.......................... Carrier licence has effect subject to this Act...................... 68

58.......................... Refusal of carrier licence—disqualified applicant............. 68

58A....................... Refusal of carrier licence—security.................................. 71

59.......................... Time limit on licence decision........................................... 72

60.......................... Notification of refusal of application................................. 74

61.......................... Conditions of carrier licence specified in Schedule 1........ 74

62.......................... Condition of carrier licence set out in section 152AZ of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010         74

62A....................... Condition of carrier licence set out in section 152BCO of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010      75

62B........................ Condition of carrier licence set out in section 152BDF of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010      75

62C........................ Condition of carrier licence set out in section 152BEC of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010      75

62D....................... Condition of carrier licence set out in section 152CJC of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010       75

62E........................ Condition of carrier licence set out in section 37 of the National Broadband Network Companies Act 2011.......................................................................................... 76

63.......................... Conditions of carrier licence declared by Minister............ 76

64.......................... Consultation about declared licence conditions................. 77

65.......................... Conditions about foreign ownership or control................ 78

67.......................... Carrier licence conditions—special provisions................. 78

68.......................... Compliance with conditions.............................................. 79

69.......................... Remedial directions—breach of condition........................ 79

69AA.................... Remedial directions—breach of conditions relating to access  81

70.......................... Formal warnings—breach of condition............................ 82

71.......................... Surrender of carrier licence............................................... 85

72.......................... Cancellation of carrier licence........................................... 85

73.......................... Collection of charges relating to carrier licences............... 86

73A....................... Refund of application charge............................................ 88

74.......................... Collection of charges on behalf of the Commonwealth..... 89

75.......................... Cancellation of certain exemptions from charge................ 89

76.......................... Commonwealth not liable to charge.................................. 89

Division 4—Nominated carrier declarations                                                 90

77.......................... Applications for nominated carrier declarations................ 90

78.......................... Application to be accompanied by charge etc.................... 90

79.......................... Form of application etc..................................................... 90

80.......................... Further information........................................................... 90

81.......................... Making a nominated carrier declaration............................ 91

81A....................... Obligations of nominated carrier....................................... 91

82.......................... Notification of refusal of application................................. 92

83.......................... Revocation of nominated carrier declaration..................... 92

Division 5—Register of nominated carrier declarations and carrier licences   94

84.......................... Register of nominated carrier declarations and carrier licences 94

Part 4—Service providers                                                                                               95

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                                95

85.......................... Simplified outline.............................................................. 95

Division 2—Service providers                                                                               96

86.......................... Service providers.............................................................. 96

Division 3—Carriage service providers                                                           97

87.......................... Carriage service providers................................................ 97

88.......................... Supply to the public.......................................................... 99

89.......................... Exemption from definition—customers located on the same premises     100

90.......................... Exemption from definition—defence.............................. 100

91.......................... Exemption from definition—intelligence operations....... 101

92.......................... Exemption from definition—transport authorities........... 101

93.......................... Exemption from definition—broadcasting services........ 102

94.......................... Exemption from definition—electricity supply bodies.... 103

95.......................... Exemption from definition—Ministerial determination... 103

96.......................... Exemption from certain regulatory provisions—Ministerial determination              104

Division 4—Content service providers                                                           105

97.......................... Content service providers............................................... 105

Division 5—Service provider rules                                                                   106

98.......................... Service provider rules..................................................... 106

99.......................... Service provider determinations...................................... 107

100........................ Exemptions from service provider rules......................... 108

101........................ Service providers must comply with service provider rules 108

102........................ Remedial directions—breach of service provider rules... 109

103........................ Formal warnings—breach of service provider rules....... 111

Part 5—Monitoring of the performance of carriers and carriage service providers       113

104........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 113

105........................ Monitoring of performance—annual report.................... 113

105A..................... Monitoring of performance—additional report............... 115

105C...................... Monitoring of breaches by Telstra of an undertaking about structural separation    116

Part 6—Industry codes and industry standards                                             117

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              117

106........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 117

Division 2—Interpretation                                                                                     118

107........................ Industry codes................................................................ 118

108........................ Industry standards.......................................................... 118

108A..................... Electronic messaging service provider............................ 118

108B...................... Telecommunications industry......................................... 119

109........................ Telecommunications activity........................................... 119

109B...................... Telemarketing activity..................................................... 119

109C...................... Fax marketing activity..................................................... 121

110........................ Sections of the telecommunications industry.................. 123

110B...................... Sections of the telemarketing industry............................ 125

110C...................... Sections of the fax marketing industry............................ 125

111........................ Participants in a section of the telecommunications industry 126

111AA.................. Participants in a section of the telemarketing industry..... 126

111AB................... Participants in a section of the fax marketing industry.... 127

111B...................... Unsolicited commercial electronic messages................... 127

Division 3—General principles relating to industry codes and industry standards        128

112........................ Statement of regulatory policy........................................ 128

113........................ Examples of matters that may be dealt with by industry codes and industry standards            130

114........................ Industry codes and industry standards may confer powers on the Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman........................................................................................ 133

115........................ Industry codes and industry standards not to deal with certain design features and performance requirements........................................................................................ 133

116........................ Industry codes and industry standards not to deal with matters dealt with by codes and standards under Part 9 of the Broadcasting Services Act.................................... 135

116A..................... Industry codes and standards do not affect Privacy Act 1988  135

Division 4—Industry codes                                                                                    136

117........................ Registration of industry codes........................................ 136

118........................ ACMA may request codes............................................. 138

119........................ Publication of notice where no body or association represents a section of the telecommunications industry, the telemarketing industry or the fax marketing industry 141

119A..................... Variation of industry codes............................................. 141

119B...................... Publication requirements for submissions...................... 144

120........................ Replacement of industry codes....................................... 147

121........................ Directions about compliance with industry codes........... 147

122........................ Formal warnings—breach of industry codes.................. 148

122A..................... De‑registering industry codes and provisions of industry codes              149

Division 5—Industry standards                                                                          150

123........................ ACMA may determine an industry standard if a request for an industry code is not complied with        150

124........................ ACMA may determine industry standard where no industry body or association formed       151

125........................ ACMA may determine industry standards where industry codes fail      152

125AA.................. ACMA must determine an industry standard if directed by the Minister 153

125A..................... ACMA must determine certain industry standards relating to the telemarketing industry        154

125B...................... ACMA must determine certain industry standards relating to the fax marketing industry       155

126........................ Industry standards not to be determined for certain privacy matters         156

128........................ Compliance with industry standards............................... 156

129........................ Formal warnings—breach of industry standards............ 157

130........................ Variation of industry standards....................................... 157

131........................ Revocation of industry standards.................................... 158

132........................ Public consultation on industry standards....................... 158

133........................ Consultation with ACCC and the Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman        159

134........................ Consultation with Information Commissioner................ 159

135........................ Consultation with consumer body.................................. 160

135A..................... Consultation with the States and Territories.................... 160

Division 6—Register of industry codes and industry standards        161

136........................ ACMA to maintain Register of industry codes and industry standards   161

Division 6A—Reimbursement of costs of development or variation of consumer‑related industry codes                                                                                                                    162

136A..................... Application for eligibility for reimbursement of costs of development or variation of consumer‑related industry code................................................................................ 162

136B...................... Declaration of eligibility for reimbursement of costs of development or variation of consumer‑related industry code................................................................................ 163

136C...................... Reimbursement of costs of developing or varying consumer‑related industry code 165

136D..................... Costs—transactions between persons not at arm’s length 168

136E...................... Refundable cost.............................................................. 168

Division 7—Miscellaneous                                                                                     169

137........................ Protection from civil proceedings................................... 169

138........................ Implied freedom of political communication................... 169

139........................ Agreements for the carrying on of telemarketing activities or fax marketing activities must require compliance with this Part................................................................... 169

Part 7—Layer 2 bitstream services                                                                         171

140........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 171

141........................ Supply of Layer 2 bitstream services.............................. 171

141A..................... Exemptions..................................................................... 174

141B...................... Deemed networks........................................................... 174

141C...................... Certain installations and connections are not taken to be an extension, alteration or upgrade   176

141D..................... Local access line............................................................. 176

141E...................... Alteration........................................................................ 177

141F...................... Upgrade of telecommunications network........................ 177

141G..................... Small business customer................................................. 177

Part 8—Superfast fixed‑line networks                                                                  178

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        178

142........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 178

142A..................... Definitions...................................................................... 178

Division 2—Supply of eligible services to be on wholesale basis       181

143........................ Supply of eligible services to be on wholesale basis....... 181

144........................ Exemptions—Ministerial instrument.............................. 182

145........................ Exemption—transport authorities................................... 183

146........................ Exemption—electricity supply bodies............................. 184

147........................ Exemption—gas supply bodies...................................... 184

148........................ Exemption—water supply bodies................................... 185

149........................ Exemption—sewerage services bodies........................... 185

150........................ Exemption—storm water drainage services bodies......... 186

151........................ Exemption—State or Territory road authorities.............. 186

Division 3—Other provisions                                                                               188

152........................ Associate........................................................................ 188

153........................ Control............................................................................ 189

154........................ Control of a company..................................................... 189

155........................ When a person is in a position to exercise control of a network               189

156........................ Deemed networks........................................................... 191

157........................ Certain installations and connections are not taken to be an extension, alteration or upgrade   192

158........................ Local access line............................................................. 193

159........................ Alteration........................................................................ 193

160........................ Upgrade of telecommunications network........................ 193

Part 13—Protection of communications                                                              194

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        194

270........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 194

271........................ Eligible person................................................................ 194

272........................ Number‑database operator and eligible number‑database person             195

273........................ Information..................................................................... 195

274........................ Telecommunications contractor....................................... 195

275........................ Number‑database contractor........................................... 196

275A..................... Location information....................................................... 196

275B...................... Emergency management person...................................... 196

275C...................... Emergency...................................................................... 197

275D..................... Emergency law............................................................... 197

275E...................... Relevant information....................................................... 197

Division 2—Primary disclosure/use offences                                               198

276........................ Primary disclosure/use offence—eligible persons.......... 198

277........................ Primary disclosure/use offence—eligible number‑database persons        200

278........................ Primary disclosure/use offence—emergency call persons 202

Division 3—Exceptions to primary disclosure/use offences                 204

Subdivision A—Exceptions                                                                                  204

279........................ Performance of person’s duties...................................... 204

280........................ Authorisation by or under law........................................ 205

281........................ Witnesses........................................................................ 207

284........................ Assisting the ACMA, the eSafety Commissioner, the ACCC or the Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman................................................................... 208

285........................ Integrated public number database.................................. 209

285A..................... Data for emergency warnings......................................... 213

286........................ Calls to emergency service number................................. 214

287........................ Threat to person’s life or health...................................... 214

288........................ Communications for maritime purposes......................... 215

289........................ Knowledge or consent of person concerned................... 215

290........................ Implicit consent of sender and recipient of communication 215

291........................ Business needs of other carriers or service providers..... 216

291A..................... Location dependent carriage services.............................. 218

292........................ Circumstances prescribed in the regulations................... 219

293........................ Uses connected with exempt disclosures........................ 219

294........................ Effect of this Subdivision............................................... 220

Subdivision B—Burden of proof                                                                        220

295........................ Burden of proof.............................................................. 220

Division 3A—Integrated public number database authorisations    221

Subdivision A—ACMA scheme for the granting of authorisations           221

295A..................... ACMA to make integrated public number database scheme 221

295B...................... Scheme must deal with certain matters............................ 221

295C...................... Applications may be treated differently........................... 222

295D..................... Scope of authorisations................................................... 222

295E...................... Provisional and final authorisations................................ 222

295F...................... Conditions...................................................................... 222

295G..................... Varying or revoking authorisations................................ 222

295H..................... Scheme may confer administrative powers on the ACMA 223

295J....................... Ancillary or incidental provisions................................... 223

295K...................... Scheme‑making power not limited.................................. 223

295L...................... Variation of scheme........................................................ 223

295M..................... Consultation.................................................................... 223

Subdivision B—Ministerial instruments                                                          224

295N..................... Criteria for deciding authorisation applications............... 224

295P...................... Conditions...................................................................... 224

295Q..................... Other reviewable decisions............................................. 225

Subdivision C—Enforcing compliance with conditions of authorisations 225

295R...................... Offence of breaching a condition.................................... 225

295S...................... Remedial directions for breaching a condition................ 225

295T...................... Formal warnings for breaching a condition.................... 226

Subdivision D—Report to Minister                                                                    226

295U..................... Report to Minister........................................................... 226

Division 3B—Emergency warnings                                                                  227

295V..................... Use or disclosure of information by emergency management persons     227

295W..................... Use or disclosure of information by other persons......... 228

295X..................... Effect on telecommunications network........................... 228

295Y..................... Coronial and other inquiries............................................ 228

295Z...................... Offence—use or disclosure of information by emergency management persons     229

295ZA................... Offence—use or disclosure of information by other persons.. 229

295ZB................... Reports of access............................................................ 230

295ZC................... Annual reports to the ACMA and Information Commissioner                230

295ZD................... Arrangements with States and Territories....................... 231

295ZE.................... Commonwealth immunity............................................... 231

Division 4—Secondary disclosure/use offences                                          232

296........................ Performance of person’s duties...................................... 232

297........................ Authorisation by or under law........................................ 232

299........................ Assisting the ACMA, the eSafety Commissioner, the ACCC or the Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman................................................................... 232

299A..................... Integrated public number database.................................. 233

300........................ Threat to person’s life or health...................................... 234

301........................ Communications for maritime purposes......................... 235

302........................ Business needs of other carriers or service providers..... 235

302A..................... Location dependent carriage services.............................. 236

303........................ Secondary offence—contravening this Division............. 236

303A..................... Generality of Division not limited................................... 236

Division 4A—Relationship with the Privacy Act 1988                           237

303B...................... Acts taken to be authorised by this Act for purposes of Privacy Act       237

303C...................... Prosecution of an offence against this Part does not affect proceedings under the Privacy Act 1988       237

Division 5—Record‑keeping requirements                                                   238

304........................ Associate........................................................................ 238

305........................ Authorisations under the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979                238

306........................ Record of disclosures—general...................................... 238

306A..................... Record of disclosures—prospective authorisation under the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979.......................................................................... 240

307........................ Incorrect records............................................................. 241

308........................ Annual reports to the ACMA by carriers, carriage service providers or number‑database operators       242

309........................ Monitoring by the Information Commissioner............... 242

Division 6—Instrument‑making powers not limited                                 244

310........................ Instrument‑making powers not limited........................... 244

Part 14—National interest matters                                                                          245

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              245

311........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 245

Division 2—Obligations of ACMA and carriers and carriage service providers            247

312........................ ACMA’s obligations...................................................... 247

313........................ Obligations of carriers and carriage service providers.... 247

314........................ Terms and conditions on which help is to be given........ 252

Division 3—Notification of changes to telecommunications services or telecommunications systems relating to obligation under subsection 313(1A) or (2A) 254

Subdivision A—Individual notifications                                                          254

314A..................... Individual notifications................................................... 254

314B...................... Assessment of proposed change..................................... 257

Subdivision B—Security capability plans                                                        259

314C...................... Security capability plans................................................. 259

314D..................... Assessment of security capability plan........................... 260

314E...................... Relationship with section 314A...................................... 262

Division 4—Carriage service provider may suspend supply of carriage service in an emergency       263

315........................ Suspension of supply of carriage service in an emergency 263

Division 5—Directions by Home Affairs Minister                                    265

315A..................... Direction if use or supply of carriage services prejudicial to security       265

315B...................... Direction if risk of unauthorised interference or access involving telecommunications networks or facilities........................................................................................ 266

Division 6—Home Affairs Secretary’s information‑gathering powers 270

315C...................... Home Affairs Secretary may obtain information and documents from carriers and carriage service providers........................................................................................ 270

315D..................... Self‑incrimination........................................................... 271

315E...................... Copies of documents...................................................... 272

315F...................... Retention of documents.................................................. 272

315G..................... Delegation by Home Affairs Secretary........................... 273

Division 7—Information sharing and confidentiality                              274

315H..................... Information sharing and confidentiality.......................... 274

Division 8—Annual report                                                                                     276

315J....................... Annual report.................................................................. 276

Division 8A—Review by Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security              278

315K...................... Review by Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security  278

Division 9—Generality of Part not limited                                                   279

316........................ Generality of Part not limited.......................................... 279

Part 15—Industry assistance                                                                                       280

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        280

317A..................... Simplified outline of this Part......................................... 280

317B...................... Definitions...................................................................... 282

317C...................... Designated communications provider etc........................ 288

317D..................... Electronic service............................................................ 292

317E...................... Listed acts or things........................................................ 293

317F...................... Extension to external Territories..................................... 295

Division 2—Voluntary technical assistance                                                  296

317G..................... Voluntary technical assistance provided to ASIO, the Australian Secret Intelligence Service, the Australian Signals Directorate or an interception agency................. 296

317H..................... Form of technical assistance request............................... 299

317HAA............... Provision of advice to designated communications providers  300

317HAB................ Notification obligations................................................... 301

317HA.................. Duration of technical assistance request.......................... 302

317J....................... Specified period etc......................................................... 303

317JAA................. Decision‑making criteria................................................. 303

317JA.................... Variation of technical assistance requests....................... 304

317JB.................... Revocation of technical assistance requests.................... 308

317JC.................... Whether a technical assistance request is reasonable and proportionate   310

317K...................... Contract etc..................................................................... 311

Division 3—Technical assistance notices                                                       313

317L...................... Technical assistance notices............................................ 313

317LA................... Approval of technical assistance notices given by the chief officer of an interception agency of a State or Territory.......................................................................... 314

317M..................... Form of technical assistance notice................................. 314

317MAA............... Provision of advice to designated communications providers  315

317MAB............... Notification obligations................................................... 317

317MA.................. Duration of technical assistance notice............................ 317

317N..................... Compliance period etc..................................................... 318

317P...................... Decision‑making criteria................................................. 319

317PA................... Consultation about a proposal to give a technical assistance notice          319

317Q..................... Variation of technical assistance notices......................... 320

317R...................... Revocation of technical assistance notices...................... 322

317RA................... Whether requirements imposed by a technical assistance notice are reasonable and proportionate           324

Division 4—Technical capability notices                                                        325

317S...................... Attorney‑General may determine procedures and arrangements relating to requests for technical capability notices............................................................................. 325

317T...................... Technical capability notices............................................. 325

317TAAA............. Approval of technical capability notice........................... 328

317TAA................ Provision of advice to designated communications providers  329

317TAB................ Notification obligations................................................... 329

317TA................... Duration of technical capability notice............................ 330

317U..................... Compliance period etc..................................................... 332

317V..................... Decision‑making criteria................................................. 332

317W..................... Consultation about a proposal to give a technical capability notice           333

317WA.................. Assessment and report.................................................... 334

317X..................... Variation of technical capability notices.......................... 339

317XA.................. Approval of variation of technical capability notice........ 341

317Y..................... Consultation about a proposal to vary a technical capability notice          342

317YA.................. Assessment and report.................................................... 343

317Z...................... Revocation of technical capability notices....................... 347

317ZAA................ Whether requirements imposed by a technical capability notice are reasonable and proportionate           348

Division 5—Compliance and enforcement                                                    350

317ZA................... Compliance with notices—carriers and carriage service providers           350

317ZB................... Compliance with notices—designated communications provider (other than a carrier or carriage service provider)......................................................................... 350

317ZC................... Civil penalty provision.................................................... 351

317ZD................... Enforceable undertakings................................................ 352

317ZE.................... Injunctions...................................................................... 353

Division 6—Unauthorised disclosure of information etc.                      354

317ZF.................... Unauthorised disclosure of information.......................... 354

317ZFA................. Powers of a court............................................................ 364

Division 7—Limitations                                                                                           366

317ZG................... Designated communications provider must not be requested or required to implement or build a systemic weakness or systemic vulnerability etc........................... 366

317ZGA................ Limits on technical capability notices.............................. 367

317ZH................... General limits on technical assistance requests, technical assistance notices and technical capability notices........................................................................................ 368

Division 8—General provisions                                                                          373

317ZJ.................... Immunity........................................................................ 373

317ZK................... Terms and conditions on which help is to be given etc... 373

317ZKA................ Notification obligations................................................... 380

317ZL.................... Service of notices etc...................................................... 382

317ZM.................. Interception agency—chief officer and officer................ 384

317ZN................... Delegation by Director‑General of Security.................... 385

317ZP.................... Delegation by Director‑General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service          385

317ZQ................... Delegation by Director‑General of the Australian Signals Directorate     386

317ZR................... Delegation by the chief officer of an interception agency 386

317ZRA................ Relationship of this Part to parliamentary privileges and immunities       387

317ZRB................. Inspection of records...................................................... 388

317ZS.................... Annual reports................................................................ 389

317ZT.................... Alternative constitutional basis....................................... 390

Part 16—Defence requirements and disaster plans                                      391

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        391

333........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 391

334........................ Defence authority............................................................ 391

Division 2—Supply of carriage services                                                         392

335........................ Requirement to supply carriage services for defence purposes or for the management of natural disasters........................................................................................ 392

Division 3—Defence planning                                                                              394

336........................ Definitions...................................................................... 394

337........................ Preparation of draft agreement........................................ 394

338........................ ACMA’s certification of draft agreement....................... 395

339........................ Requirement to enter into certified agreement................. 396

340........................ Compliance with agreement............................................ 396

341........................ Withdrawal of certification of agreement........................ 396

342........................ Duration of agreement.................................................... 397

343........................ Variation of agreement.................................................... 397

Division 4—Disaster plans                                                                                     399

344........................ Designated disaster plans................................................ 399

345........................ Carrier licence conditions about designated disaster plans 399

346........................ Service provider determinations about designated disaster plans             399

346A..................... Carrier and carriage service provider immunity.............. 399

Division 5—Delegation                                                                                            401

347........................ Delegation....................................................................... 401

Part 17—Pre‑selection in favour of carriage service providers             402

348........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 402

349........................ Requirement to provide pre‑selection.............................. 402

350........................ When pre‑selection is provided in favour of a carriage service provider  408

350A..................... Declared carriage services............................................... 409

351........................ Pre‑selection to be provided............................................ 410

352........................ Exemptions from requirement to provide pre‑selection... 411

353........................ Use of over‑ride dial codes............................................. 411

Part 18—Calling line identification                                                                         413

354........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 413

355........................ Calling line identification................................................ 413

356........................ Exemptions from calling line identification requirement. 413

Part 20—International aspects of activities of the telecommunications industry                415

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              415

364........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 415

Division 2—Compliance with international agreements                        416

365........................ INTELSAT and Inmarsat—directions to Signatories..... 416

366........................ Compliance with conventions......................................... 416

Division 3—Rules of conduct about dealings with international telecommunications operators             418

367........................ Rules of conduct about dealings with international telecommunications operators   418

368........................ ACCC to administer Rules of Conduct........................... 420

369........................ Rules of Conduct to bind carriers and carriage service providers             421

370........................ Unenforceability of agreements...................................... 421

371........................ Investigations by the ACCC........................................... 421

372........................ Reviews of the operation of this Division....................... 422

Part 20A—Deployment of optical fibre etc.                                                       423

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              423

372A..................... Simplified outline............................................................ 423

Division 2—Deployment of optical fibre lines                                             425

372B...................... Deployment of optical fibre lines to building lots........... 425

372C...................... Deployment of optical fibre lines to building units......... 427

372D..................... Exemptions—Ministerial instrument.............................. 429

Division 3—Installation of fibre‑ready facilities                                        430

Subdivision A—Installation obligations                                                           430

372E...................... Installation of fibre‑ready facilities—building lots.......... 430

372F...................... Installation of fibre‑ready facilities—building units........ 431

Subdivision B—Sale of building lots and building units                              433

372G..................... Sale of building lots and building units—subdivisions... 433

372H..................... Sale of building units—other projects............................. 435

Subdivision C—NBN Co may issue statement about the non‑installation of optical fibre lines 437

372J....................... NBN Co may issue statement about the non‑installation of optical fibre lines         437

372JA.................... Register of Statements about the Non‑installation of Optical Fibre Lines                438

Subdivision D—Exemptions                                                                                438

372K...................... Exemptions—Ministerial instrument.............................. 438

Division 4—Third party access regime                                                           441

372L...................... Third party access regime............................................... 441

372M..................... Terms and conditions of access...................................... 443

372N..................... Exemptions—Ministerial instrument.............................. 444

372NA.................. Code relating to access.................................................... 444

Division 5—Exemption of certain projects                                                   446

372P...................... Exemption of certain projects.......................................... 446

Division 6—Miscellaneous                                                                                     447

372Q..................... Real estate development projects etc............................... 447

372R...................... Subdivision of an area of land........................................ 449

372S...................... Building units................................................................. 449

372T...................... Sale of building lots........................................................ 449

372U..................... Sale of building units...................................................... 450

372V..................... Fixed‑line facilities.......................................................... 450

372W..................... Fibre‑ready facility.......................................................... 451

372X..................... Installation of a facility.................................................... 451

372Y..................... Installation of a fibre‑ready facility in proximity to a building lot or building unit   451

372Z...................... Sewerage services, electricity or water supplied to a building lot or building unit    452

372ZA................... Supply to the public........................................................ 453

372ZB................... Concurrent operation of State and Territory laws........... 454

372ZD................... NBN Co......................................................................... 454

Part 21—Technical regulation                                                                                   455

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              455

373........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 455

Division 2—Interpretative provisions                                                             457

374........................ Part applies to networks or facilities in Australia operated by carriers or carriage service providers        457

375........................ Manager of network or facility....................................... 457

Division 3—Technical standards about customer equipment and customer cabling      458

376........................ ACMA’s power to make technical standards................. 458

376A..................... ACMA must make technical standards if directed by the Minister          460

377........................ Adoption of voluntary standards.................................... 460

378........................ Procedures for making technical standards..................... 460

379........................ Making technical standards in cases of urgency............. 461

Division 4—Disability standards                                                                        463

380........................ Disability standards........................................................ 463

381........................ Adoption of voluntary standards.................................... 463

382........................ Procedures for making disability standards.................... 464

383........................ Effect of compliance with disability standards................ 465

Division 5—Technical standards about the interconnection of facilities               466

384........................ ACMA’s power to make technical standards................. 466

385........................ Adoption of voluntary standards.................................... 467

386........................ Procedures for making technical standards..................... 467

387........................ Procedures for making technical standards..................... 468

388........................ Provision of access......................................................... 469

389........................ Promotion of the long‑term interests of end‑users of carriage services and of services supplied by means of carriage services.............................................................. 469

Division 5A—Technical standards relating to Layer 2 bitstream services         470

389A..................... ACMA’s power to determine technical standards.......... 470

389B...................... Compliance with technical standards.............................. 470

Division 6—Connection permits and connection rules                           472

Subdivision A—Connection permits authorising the connection of non‑standard customer equipment and non‑standard cabling                                                               472

390........................ Application for connection permit................................... 472

391........................ Form of application......................................................... 472

392........................ Application to be accompanied by charge....................... 473

393........................ Further information......................................................... 473

394........................ Issue of connection permits............................................ 473

395........................ Connection permit has effect subject to this Act............. 474

396........................ Nominees of holder........................................................ 474

397........................ Duration of connection permits....................................... 474

398........................ Conditions of connection permits................................... 475

399........................ Offence of contravening condition.................................. 475

400........................ Formal warnings—breach of condition.......................... 476

401........................ Surrender of connection permit....................................... 476

402........................ Cancellation of connection permit................................... 476

403........................ Register of connection permits........................................ 477

Subdivision B—Connection rules                                                                       478

404........................ Connection rules............................................................. 478

405........................ Procedures for making connection rules......................... 478

Division 7—Labelling of customer equipment and customer cabling 480

406........................ Application of labels....................................................... 480

406A..................... Application of Division to agent of manufacturer or importer  480

407........................ Labelling requirements.................................................... 480

408........................ Requirements to apply labels—ancillary matters............. 481

409........................ Recognised testing authorities and competent bodies...... 483

410........................ Certification bodies......................................................... 483

411........................ Connection of customer equipment or customer cabling—breach of section 376 standards    483

412........................ Connection of labelled customer equipment or customer cabling not to be refused  485

413........................ Supply of unlabelled customer equipment or unlabelled customer cabling               487

414........................ Applying labels before satisfying requirements under subsection 408(5)                487

415........................ Failure to retain records etc............................................. 488

416........................ Application of labels containing false statements about compliance with standards 489

Division 8—Protected symbols                                                                            490

417........................ Protected symbols........................................................... 490

Division 9—Cabling providers                                                                            494

418........................ Cabling work.................................................................. 494

419........................ Types of cabling work.................................................... 494

420........................ Prohibition of unauthorised cabling work....................... 494

421........................ Cabling provider rules.................................................... 495

422........................ Procedures for making cabling provider rules................ 496

423........................ Application for cabling licence........................................ 497

424........................ Form of application......................................................... 497

425........................ Application to be accompanied by charge....................... 497

426........................ Further information......................................................... 497

427........................ Grant of cabling licence.................................................. 497

428........................ Time limit on licence decision......................................... 498

429........................ Notification of refusal of application............................... 499

430........................ Cabling licence has effect subject to this Act.................. 499

431........................ Duration of cabling licence............................................. 499

432........................ Conditions of cabling licence.......................................... 499

433........................ Procedures for changing licence conditions.................... 500

434........................ Offence in relation to contravening condition................. 500

435........................ Formal warnings—breach of condition.......................... 501

436........................ Surrender of cabling licence............................................ 501

437........................ Suspension of cabling licence......................................... 502

438........................ Cancellation of cabling licence........................................ 502

439........................ ACMA may limit application of Division in relation to customer cabling                503

440........................ Ministerial directions...................................................... 503

441........................ Delegation....................................................................... 504

442........................ Register of cabling licences............................................. 505

Division 10—Remedies for unauthorised connections to telecommunications networks etc.    506

443........................ Civil action for unauthorised connections to telecommunications networks etc.      506

444........................ Remedy for contravention of labelling requirements....... 507

445........................ Remedies for connection of unlabelled customer equipment or unlabelled customer cabling   508

446........................ Disconnection of dangerous customer equipment or customer cabling    510

447........................ Disconnection of customer equipment or customer cabling—protection of the integrity of networks and facilities........................................................................... 512

448........................ Civil action for dangerous connections to telecommunications networks etc.          513

449........................ Other remedies not affected............................................ 514

Division 11—Prohibited customer equipment and prohibited customer cabling              515

450........................ Declaration of prohibited customer equipment or prohibited customer cabling        515

452........................ Operation of prohibited customer equipment or customer cabling           515

Division 12—Pre‑commencement labels                                                         517

453........................ Pre‑commencement labels............................................... 517

Division 13—Penalties payable instead of prosecution                          518

453A..................... Penalties payable instead of prosecution......................... 518

Part 22—Numbering of carriage services and regulation of electronic addressing          519

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              519

454........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 519

Division 2—Numbering of carriage services                                               520

Subdivision A—Numbering plan                                                                        520

455........................ Numbering plan.............................................................. 520

456........................ Numbering plan—supply to the public........................... 522

457........................ Numbering plan—allocation otherwise than in accordance with an allocation system             522

458........................ Numbering plan—rules about portability of allocated numbers               522

459........................ ACMA to administer numbering plan............................ 523

460........................ Consultation about numbering plan................................ 523

461........................ Consultation with ACCC................................................ 524

462........................ Compliance with the numbering plan.............................. 525

Subdivision B—Allocation system for numbers                                             526

463........................ Allocation system for numbers....................................... 526

464........................ Consultation about an allocation system......................... 527

Subdivision C—Miscellaneous                                                                            528

465........................ Register of allocated numbers......................................... 528

466........................ Emergency service numbers........................................... 529

467........................ Delegation....................................................................... 530

468........................ Collection of numbering charges.................................... 531

469........................ Collection of charges on behalf of the Commonwealth... 533

470........................ Cancellation of certain exemptions from charge.............. 533

471........................ Commonwealth not liable to charge................................ 533

472........................ Integrated public number database.................................. 534

473........................ Letters and symbols taken to be numbers....................... 535

Division 3—Regulation of electronic addressing                                       536

474........................ Declared manager of electronic addressing..................... 536

475........................ ACMA may give directions to declared manager of electronic addressing              536

476........................ ACCC may give directions to declared manager of electronic addressing                537

477........................ ACCC’s directions to prevail over the ACMA’s directions 539

Part 23—Standard agreements for the supply of carriage services    540

478........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 540

479........................ Standard terms and conditions apply unless excluded.... 540

482........................ Concurrent operation of State/Territory laws.................. 541

483........................ Competition and Consumer Act not affected by this Part 542

Part 24—Carriers’ powers and immunities                                                       543

484........................ Schedule 3...................................................................... 543

Part 24A—Submarine cables                                                                                      544

484A..................... Schedule 3A................................................................... 544

Part 25—Public inquiries                                                                                              545

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              545

485........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 545

Division 2—Inquiries by the ACMA                                                                 546

486........................ When inquiry must be held............................................. 546

487........................ When inquiry may be held.............................................. 546

488........................ Informing the public about an inquiry............................. 547

489........................ Discussion paper............................................................ 547

490........................ Written submissions and protection from civil actions.... 548

491........................ Hearings......................................................................... 548

492........................ Hearing to be in public except in exceptional cases......... 549

493........................ Confidential material not to be published........................ 550

494........................ Direction about private hearings..................................... 551

495........................ Reports on inquiries........................................................ 552

Division 3—Inquiries by the ACCC                                                                  553

496........................ When inquiry must be held............................................. 553

497........................ When inquiry may be held.............................................. 553

498........................ Informing the public about an inquiry............................. 553

499........................ Discussion paper............................................................ 554

500........................ Written submissions and protection from civil actions.... 554

501........................ Hearings......................................................................... 555

502........................ Hearing to be in public except in exceptional cases......... 556

503........................ Confidential material not to be published........................ 556

504........................ Direction about private hearings..................................... 557

505........................ Reports on inquiries........................................................ 558

505A..................... ACCC may use material presented to a previous public inquiry              559

505B...................... ACCC may adopt a finding from a previous public inquiry 560

506........................ ACCC’s other powers not limited.................................. 560

Part 26—Investigations                                                                                                   561

507........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 561

508........................ Matters to which this Part applies................................... 561

509........................ Complaints to the ACMA............................................... 562

510........................ Investigations by the ACMA.......................................... 564

511........................ Preliminary inquiries....................................................... 565

512........................ Conduct of investigations............................................... 565

513........................ Complainant and certain other persons to be informed of various matters               566

514........................ Reference of matters to Ombudsman or other responsible person           567

515........................ Reference of matters to the ACCC.................................. 568

515A..................... Reference of matters to Information Commissioner........ 569

516........................ Reports on investigations................................................ 570

517........................ Publication of reports...................................................... 571

518........................ Person adversely affected by report to be given opportunity to comment                572

519........................ Protection from civil actions........................................... 572

Part 27—The ACMA’s information‑gathering powers                             574

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              574

520........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 574

Division 2—Information‑gathering powers                                                  575

521........................ The ACMA may obtain information and documents from carriers and service providers       575

522........................ The ACMA may obtain information and documents from other persons                576

523........................ Copying documents—reasonable compensation............. 578

524........................ Self‑incrimination........................................................... 578

525........................ Giving false or misleading information or evidence........ 579

527........................ Copies of documents...................................................... 579

528........................ ACMA may retain documents........................................ 579

Division 3—Record‑keeping rules                                                                     581

529........................ ACMA may make record‑keeping rules......................... 581

530........................ Compliance with record‑keeping rules............................ 582

531........................ Incorrect records............................................................. 582

Part 28—Enforcement                                                                                                    583

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        583

532........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 583

532A..................... References to the Spam Act 2003.................................... 584

Division 2—Inspectors and identity cards                                                     585

533........................ Inspectors....................................................................... 585

534........................ Identity cards.................................................................. 586

Division 3—Search warrants relating to breaches of the Spam Act 2003 or Part 21 of this Act           587

535........................ Magistrate may issue warrant......................................... 587

536........................ Reasonable grounds for issuing warrant etc................... 588

537........................ Contents of warrant........................................................ 588

538........................ Warrants may be issued by telephone etc........................ 588

539........................ Provisions relating to issue of warrant by telephone etc. 588

540........................ Proceedings involving warrant issued by telephone etc.. 590

Division 4—Searches and seizures relating to breaches of the Spam Act 2003 or Part 21 of this Act                                                                                                                    591

541........................ When is a thing connected with an offence?................... 591

541A..................... When is a thing connected with a breach of the Spam Act 2003?             591

542........................ Searches and seizures..................................................... 591

543........................ Production of identity card etc........................................ 592

544........................ Evidence of commission of other offences against Part 21 of this Act or other breaches of the Spam Act 2003........................................................................................ 593

545........................ Emergency entry, search and seizure.............................. 594

546........................ Retention of things seized............................................... 595

Division 5—Searches to monitor compliance with Part 21                  596

547........................ Searches to monitor compliance with Part 21................. 596

Division 5A—Searches to monitor compliance with the Spam Act 2003              597

547A..................... Powers available to inspectors for monitoring compliance 597

547B...................... Monitoring powers......................................................... 597

547C...................... Production of identity card etc........................................ 599

547D..................... Monitoring warrants....................................................... 599

547E...................... Details of warrant to be given to occupier etc................. 601

547F...................... Announcement before entry............................................ 601

547G..................... Compensation for damage to equipment......................... 601

547H..................... Occupier entitled to be present during search.................. 602

Division 5B—Access to computer data that is relevant to the Spam Act 2003 604

547J....................... Access to computer data that is relevant to the Spam Act 2003                604

Division 6—Other powers of inspectors                                                         606

548........................ General powers of inspectors......................................... 606

549........................ Power to require information etc..................................... 607

550........................ Retention of documents.................................................. 609

Division 7—Forfeiture                                                                                             610

551........................ Court may order forfeiture.............................................. 610

552........................ Forfeited goods may be sold........................................... 610

Division 8—Future offences                                                                                  611

553........................ Offences that are going to be committed......................... 611

Part 29—Review of decisions                                                                                      612

554........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 612

555........................ Decisions that may be subject to reconsideration by the ACMA             612

556........................ Deadlines for reaching certain decisions......................... 612

557........................ Statements to accompany notification of decisions......... 613

558........................ Applications for reconsideration of decisions................. 613

559........................ Reconsideration by the ACMA...................................... 614

560........................ Deadlines for reconsiderations........................................ 614

561........................ Statements to accompany notification of decisions on reconsideration     614

562........................ Review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal............ 615

Part 30—Injunctions                                                                                                        616

563........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 616

564........................ Injunctions...................................................................... 616

565........................ Interim injunctions.......................................................... 620

566........................ Discharge etc. of injunctions........................................... 620

567........................ Certain limits on granting injunctions not to apply.......... 620

568........................ Other powers of the court unaffected.............................. 621

Part 31—Civil penalties                                                                                                  622

569........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 622

570........................ Pecuniary penalties for contravention of civil penalty provisions             622

571........................ Civil action for recovery of pecuniary penalties.............. 624

572........................ Criminal proceedings not to be brought for contravention of civil penalty provisions             627

Part 31A—Enforceable undertakings                                                                   628

572A..................... Simplified outline............................................................ 628

572B...................... Acceptance of undertakings............................................ 628

572C...................... Enforcement of undertakings.......................................... 629

Part 31B—Infringement notices for contraventions of civil penalty provisions  631

572D..................... Simplified outline............................................................ 631

572E...................... When an infringement notice can be given...................... 631

572F...................... Matters to be included in an infringement notice............. 635

572G..................... Amount of penalty.......................................................... 636

572H..................... Withdrawal of an infringement notice............................. 636

572J....................... What happens if the penalty is paid................................. 637

572K...................... Effect of this Part on civil proceedings........................... 637

572L...................... Appointment of authorised infringement notice officer... 638

572M..................... Guidelines relating to infringement notices..................... 638

572N..................... Regulations..................................................................... 639

Part 32—Vicarious liability                                                                                          640

573........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 640

574........................ Proceedings under this Act............................................. 640

574A..................... Definition........................................................................ 640

575........................ Liability of corporations.................................................. 641

576........................ Liability of persons other than corporations.................... 642

Part 33—Voluntary undertakings given by Telstra                                     644

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        644

577........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 644

Division 2—Structural separation                                                                     645

Subdivision A—Undertaking about structural separation                          645

577A..................... Acceptance of undertaking about structural separation... 645

577AA.................. Acceptance of undertaking about structural separation may be subject to the occurrence of events         650

577AB................... When undertaking about structural separation comes into force               652

577AC................... Publication requirements for undertaking about structural separation      653

577AD.................. Compliance with undertaking about structural separation 654

577B...................... Variation of undertaking about structural separation....... 654

577BA................... Authorised conduct—subsection 51(1) of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010              655

Subdivision B—Migration plan                                                                          662

577BB................... Migration plan principles................................................ 662

577BC................... Migration plan................................................................ 663

577BD................... Approval of draft migration plan by the ACCC—plan given after undertaking about structural separation comes into force.............................................................. 665

577BDA................ Approval of draft migration plan by the ACCC—plan given before undertaking about structural separation comes into force.............................................................. 667

577BDB................ Approval of draft migration plan by the ACCC—plan given in compliance with a direction   669

577BDC................ Approval of draft migration plan by the ACCC—plan given in response to a request             670

577BE................... Effect of approval of draft migration plan....................... 672

577BF................... Variation of final migration plan..................................... 673

Division 3—Hybrid fibre‑coaxial networks                                                  675

577C...................... Acceptance of undertaking about hybrid fibre‑coaxial networks              675

577CA................... Acceptance of undertaking about hybrid fibre‑coaxial networks may be subject to the occurrence of events........................................................................................ 676

577CB................... When undertaking about hybrid fibre‑coaxial networks comes into force                678

577CC................... Publication requirements for undertaking about hybrid fibre‑coaxial networks       679

577CD................... Compliance with undertaking about hybrid fibre‑coaxial networks         680

577D..................... Variation of undertaking about hybrid fibre‑coaxial networks 680

Division 4—Subscription television broadcasting licences                   682

577E...................... Acceptance of undertaking about subscription television broadcasting licences       682

577EA................... Acceptance of undertaking about subscription television broadcasting licences may be subject to the occurrence of events....................................................... 683

577EB................... When undertaking about subscription television broadcasting licences comes into force         685

577EC................... Publication requirements for undertaking about subscription television broadcasting licences                686

577ED................... Compliance with undertaking about subscription television broadcasting licences  687

577F...................... Variation of undertaking about subscription television broadcasting licences          687

Division 5—Enforcement of undertakings                                                    689

577G..................... Enforcement of undertakings.......................................... 689

Division 6—Limits on allocation of spectrum licences etc.                   691

577GA.................. Excluded spectrum regime.............................................. 691

577H..................... Designated part of the spectrum...................................... 691

577J....................... Limits on allocation of certain spectrum licences to Telstra 691

577K...................... Limits on use of certain spectrum licences by Telstra..... 694

577L...................... Limits on assignment of certain spectrum licences to Telstra etc.             696

Division 7—Other provisions                                                                               698

577M..................... Associate........................................................................ 698

577N..................... Control............................................................................ 699

577P...................... Control of a company..................................................... 699

577Q..................... When Telstra is in a position to exercise control of a network 699

Part 34—Special provisions relating to conventions and directions    702

579........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 702

580........................ ACMA must have regard to conventions....................... 702

581........................ Power to give directions to carriers and service providers 703

Part 35—Miscellaneous                                                                                                  705

582........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 705

583........................ Penalties for certain continuing offences......................... 706

584........................ Procedure relating to certain continuing offences............ 707

585........................ Treatment of partnerships............................................... 707

586........................ Giving of documents to partnerships.............................. 708

587........................ Nomination of address for service of documents............ 709

588........................ Service of summons or process on foreign corporations—criminal proceedings     709

589........................ Instruments under this Act may provide for matters by reference to other instruments            710

590........................ Arbitration—acquisition of property............................... 712

591........................ Compensation—constitutional safety net........................ 712

592........................ Act not to affect performance of State or Territory functions 713

593........................ Funding of consumer representation, and of research, in relation to telecommunications        713

594........................ Regulations..................................................................... 714


An Act about telecommunications, and for related purposes

Part 1Introduction

  

1  Short title

                   This Act may be cited as the Telecommunications Act 1997.

2  Commencement

             (1)  The following provisions of this Act commence on the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent:

                     (a)  this Part;

                     (b)  Part 2;

                     (c)  Divisions 2, 3 and 4 of Part 4;

                     (d)  Division 3 of Part 25;

                      (f)  section 589;

                     (g)  section 594.

             (2)  Sections 52 to 55 (inclusive) commence on 5 June 1997.

             (3)  The remaining provisions of this Act commence on 1 July 1997.

3  Objects

             (1)  The main object of this Act, when read together with Parts XIB and XIC of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010, is to provide a regulatory framework that promotes:

                     (a)  the long‑term interests of end‑users of carriage services or of services provided by means of carriage services; and

                     (b)  the efficiency and international competitiveness of the Australian telecommunications industry; and

                     (c)  the availability of accessible and affordable carriage services that enhance the welfare of Australians.

             (2)  The other objects of this Act, when read together with Parts XIB and XIC of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010, are as follows:

                     (a)  to ensure that standard telephone services and payphones are:

                              (i)  reasonably accessible to all people in Australia on an equitable basis, wherever they reside or carry on business; and

                             (ii)  are supplied as efficiently and economically as practicable; and

                            (iii)  are supplied at performance standards that reasonably meet the social, industrial and commercial needs of the Australian community;

                     (c)  to promote the supply of diverse and innovative carriage services and content services;

                     (d)  to promote the development of an Australian telecommunications industry that is efficient, competitive and responsive to the needs of the Australian community;

                     (e)  to promote the effective participation by all sectors of the Australian telecommunications industry in markets (whether in Australia or elsewhere);

                      (f)  to promote:

                              (i)  the development of the technical capabilities and skills of the Australian telecommunications industry; and

                             (ii)  the development of the value‑adding and export‑oriented activities of the Australian telecommunications industry; and

                            (iii)  research and development that contributes to the growth of the Australian telecommunications industry;

                     (g)  to promote the equitable distribution of benefits from improvements in the efficiency and effectiveness of:

                              (i)  the provision of telecommunications networks and facilities; and

                             (ii)  the supply of carriage services;

                     (h)  to provide appropriate community safeguards in relation to telecommunications activities and to regulate adequately participants in sections of the Australian telecommunications industry;

                      (i)  to promote the placement of lines underground, taking into account economic and technical issues, where placing such lines underground is supported by the affected community;

                      (j)  to promote responsible practices in relation to the sending of commercial electronic messages;

                     (k)  to promote responsible practices in relation to the making of telemarketing calls;

                      (l)  to promote responsible practices in relation to the sending of marketing faxes.

4  Regulatory policy

                   The Parliament intends that telecommunications be regulated in a manner that:

                     (a)  promotes the greatest practicable use of industry self‑regulation; and

                     (b)  does not impose undue financial and administrative burdens on participants in the Australian telecommunications industry;

but does not compromise the effectiveness of regulation in achieving the objects mentioned in section 3.

5  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Act:

•      This Act sets up a system for regulating telecommunications.

•      The main entities regulated by this Act are carriers and service providers.

•      A carrier is the holder of a carrier licence granted under this Act.

•      The owner of a network unit that is used to supply carriage services to the public must hold a carrier licence unless responsibility for the unit is transferred from the owner to a carrier.

•      There are 4 types of network unit:

     (a)        a single line link connecting distinct places in Australia, where the line link meets certain minimum distance requirements;

     (b)        multiple line links connecting distinct places in Australia, where the line links meet certain minimum distance requirements;

     (c)        a designated radiocommunications facility;

     (d)        a facility specified in a Ministerial determination.

•      Carrier licences are subject to conditions.

•      There are 2 types of service provider:

     (a)        a carriage service provider;

     (b)        a content service provider.

•      A carriage service provider is a person who supplies, or proposes to supply, certain carriage services.

•      A content service provider is a person who supplies, or proposes to supply, certain content services.

•      Service providers must comply with the service provider rules.

•      The Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) is to monitor, and report each year to the Minister on, significant matters relating to the performance of carriers and carriage service providers.

•      Bodies and associations that represent sections of the telecommunications industry, the telemarketing industry or the fax marketing industry may develop industry codes.

•      Industry codes may be registered by the ACMA.

•      Compliance with an industry code is voluntary unless the ACMA directs a particular participant in the telecommunications industry, the telemarketing industry or the fax marketing industry to comply with the code.

•      The ACMA has a reserve power to make an industry standard if there are no industry codes or if an industry code is deficient.

•      Compliance with industry standards is mandatory.

•      Carriers and carriage service providers must protect the confidentiality of communications.

•      The ACMA, carriers and carriage service providers must do their best to prevent telecommunications networks and facilities from being used to commit offences.

•      Carriers and carriage service providers must do their best to protect telecommunications networks and facilities from unauthorised interference or unauthorised access.

•      Carriers and carriage service providers must ensure that it is possible to execute a warrant issued under the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979.

•      Carriage service providers may be required to supply carriage services for defence purposes or for the management of natural disasters.

•      A carrier or carriage service provider may be required to enter into an agreement with the Commonwealth about:

     (a)        planning for network survivability; or

     (b)        operational requirements in times of crisis.

     The ACMA may require certain carriers and carriage service providers to provide pre‑selection in favour of carriage service providers in relation to calls made using a standard telephone service.

     The ACMA must require certain carriers and carriage service providers to provide pre‑selection in favour of carriage service providers in relation to calls made using a declared carriage service.

•      Carriers and carriage service providers may be required to comply with certain international conventions.

•      The Minister may make Rules of Conduct about dealings with international telecommunications operators.

•      Provision is made for the technical regulation of customer equipment, customer cabling and cabling work.

•      The ACMA may regulate numbering by means of a numbering plan.

•      Provision is made for standard agreements for the supply of carriage services.

•      The ACMA and the ACCC may hold public inquiries about certain matters relating to telecommunications.

•      The ACMA may investigate certain matters relating to telecommunications.

•      Certain switching systems must be capable of providing calling line identification.

•      Provision is made for the following ancillary matters:

     (a)        information‑gathering powers;

     (b)        powers of search, entry and seizure;

     (c)        review of decisions;

     (d)        injunctions.

6  Main index

                   The following is a main index to this Act:

 

Main Index

 

 

Item

Topic

Provisions

2

Calling line identification

Part 18

3

Carriers’ powers and immunities

Part 24, Schedule 3

4

Carrier licence conditions

Part 3, Schedule 1

5

Carriers

Part 3

6

Communications, protection of

Part 13

8

Decisions, review of

Part 29, Schedule 4

9

Defence requirements and disaster plans

Part 16

10

Enforceable undertakings

Part 31A

11

Enforcement

Part 28

12

Industry codes and industry standards

Part 6

13

Information‑gathering powers

Part 27

14

Injunctions

Part 30

15

Inquiries, public

Part 25

16

International aspects

Part 20

17

Investigations

Part 26

19

Liability, vicarious

Part 32

21

National interest matters

Part 14

22

Network units

Part 2

23

Numbering and electronic addressing

Part 22

24

Penalties, civil

Part 31

25

Performance of carriers and carriage service providers, monitoring of

Part 5

26

Pre‑selection

Part 17

28

Service provider rules

Part 4, Schedule 2

29

Service providers

Part 4

30

Standard agreements for the supply of carriage services

Part 23

32

Technical regulation

Part 21

7  Definitions

                   In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:

ACCC means the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission.

ACCC’s telecommunications functions and powers means the functions and powers conferred on the ACCC by or under:

                     (a)  this Act; or

                     (b)  the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999; or

                   (ba)  the National Broadband Network Companies Act 2011; or

                     (c)  Part XIB of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010; or

                     (d)  Part XIC of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010; or

                     (e)  any other provision of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010, in so far as that provision applies to a matter connected with telecommunications.

For this purpose, telecommunications means the carriage of communications by means of guided and/or unguided electromagnetic energy.

access, in relation to an emergency call service, has a meaning affected by section 18.

ACMA means the Australian Communications and Media Authority.

ACMA’s telecommunications functions means the functions that are telecommunications functions, in relation to the ACMA, for the purposes of the Australian Communications and Media Authority Act 2005.

ACMA’s telecommunications powers means the powers conferred on the ACMA by:

                     (a)  this Act; or

                     (b)  the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999; or

                   (ba)  Chapter 4 or 5 of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979; or

                     (c)  the Spam Act 2003; or

                    (ca)  the Do Not Call Register Act 2006; or

                     (d)  Part XIC of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010; or

                     (e)  section 12 of the Australian Communications and Media Authority Act 2005, in so far as that section relates to the ACMA’s telecommunications functions.

ACNC type of entity means an entity that meets the description of a type of entity in column 1 of the table in subsection 25‑5(5) of the Australian Charities and Not‑for‑profits Commission Act 2012.

adverse security assessment has the meaning given by section 35 of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979.

AFP Minister means the Minister administering the Australian Federal Police Act 1979.

aircraft includes a balloon.

ASIO means the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation.

Australia, when used in a geographical sense, includes the eligible Territories.

Australian number has the same meaning as in the Do Not Call Register Act 2006.

authorised infringement notice officer means:

                     (a)  the Chair of the ACMA; or

                     (b)  a member of the staff of the ACMA appointed under section 572L.

base station that is part of a terrestrial radiocommunications customer access network has the meaning given by section 34.

broadcasting service has the same meaning as in the Broadcasting Services Act 1992.

building lot has the meaning given by section 372Q.

building unit has the meaning given by section 372S.

cabling licence means a licence granted under section 427.

carriage service means a service for carrying communications by means of guided and/or unguided electromagnetic energy.

carriage service intermediary means a person who is a carriage service provider under subsection 87(5).

carriage service provider has the meaning given by section 87.

carrier means the holder of a carrier licence.

carrier licence means a licence granted under section 56.

carry includes transmit, switch and receive.

civil penalty provision means:

                     (a)  a provision of this Act (other than section 317ZB) that is declared by this Act to be a civil penalty provision; or

                     (b)  a provision of the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999 that is declared by that Act to be a civil penalty provision; or

                     (c)  a provision of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979 that is declared by that Act to be a civil penalty provision for the purposes of this Act.

commercial electronic message has the same meaning as in the Spam Act 2003.

communications includes any communication:

                     (a)  whether between persons and persons, things and things or persons and things; and

                     (b)  whether in the form of speech, music or other sounds; and

                     (c)  whether in the form of data; and

                     (d)  whether in the form of text; and

                     (e)  whether in the form of visual images (animated or otherwise); and

                      (f)  whether in the form of signals; and

                     (g)  whether in any other form; and

                     (h)  whether in any combination of forms.

Communications Access Co‑ordinator has the meaning given by section 6R of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979.

connected, in relation to:

                     (a)  a telecommunications network; or

                     (b)  a facility; or

                     (c)  customer cabling; or

                     (d)  customer equipment;

includes connection otherwise than by means of physical contact, for example, a connection by means of radiocommunication.

connection permit means a permit issued under section 394.

constitutional corporation means a corporation to which paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution applies.

content service has the meaning given by section 15.

content service provider has the meaning given by section 97.

controlled carriage service has the meaning given by section 14.

controlled facility has the meaning given by section 14.

controlled network has the meaning given by section 14.

customer cabling has the meaning given by section 20.

customer equipment has the meaning given by section 21.

data processing device means any article or material (for example, a disk) from which information is capable of being reproduced, with or without the aid of any other article or device.

Defence Department means the Department of State that deals with defence and that is administered by the Minister administering section 1 of the Defence Act 1903.

defence purposes means any one or more of the following:

                     (a)  the operation of command or control systems;

                     (b)  the operation, direction or use of a defence organisation;

                     (c)  the operation of intelligence systems;

                     (d)  the collection or dissemination of information relevant to the security or defence of:

                              (i)  the Commonwealth; or

                             (ii)  a foreign country that is allied or associated with the Commonwealth;

                     (e)  the operation or control of weapons systems, including any thing that, by itself or together with any other thing or things, is intended for defensive or offensive use in combat;

                      (f)  any other matter specified in the regulations.

designated part of the spectrum has the meaning given by section 577H.

designated radiocommunications facility has the meaning given by section 31.

Director‑General of Security means the Director‑General of Security holding office under the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979.

directory assistance services means services that are:

                     (a)  provided to an end‑user of a standard telephone service to help the end‑user find the number of another end‑user of a standard telephone service; and

                     (b)  provided by an operator or by means of:

                              (i)  an automated voice response system; or

                             (ii)  another technology‑based system.

distinct places has the meaning given by section 36.

draft functional separation undertaking means a draft functional separation undertaking under Division 2 of Part 9 of Schedule 1.

draft migration plan means a draft migration plan under Subdivision B of Division 2 of Part 33.

eligible partnership means a partnership where each partner is a constitutional corporation.

eligible Territory means:

                     (a)  the Territory of Christmas Island; or

                     (b)  the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands; or

                     (c)  an external Territory prescribed for the purposes of section 10.

emergency call contractor means a person who performs services for or on behalf of a recognised person who operates an emergency call service, but does not include a person who performs such services in the capacity of an employee of the person who operates the emergency call service.

Note:          Recognised person who operates an emergency call service is defined by section 19.

emergency call person means:

                     (a)  a recognised person who operates an emergency call service; or

                     (b)  an employee of such a person; or

                     (c)  an emergency call contractor; or

                     (d)  an employee of an emergency call contractor.

Note:          Recognised person who operates an emergency call service is defined by section 19.

emergency call service means a service for:

                     (a)  receiving and handling calls to an emergency service number; and

                     (b)  transferring such calls to:

                              (i)  a police force or service; or

                             (ii)  a fire service; or

                            (iii)  an ambulance service; or

                            (iv)  a service specified in the numbering plan for the purposes of this subparagraph; or

                             (v)  a service for despatching a force or service referred to in subparagraph (i), (ii), (iii) or (iv).

For the purposes of paragraph (b), transferring a call includes giving information in relation to the call for purposes connected with dealing with the matter or matters raised by the call.

emergency service number has the meaning given by section 466.

exempt network‑user means:

                     (a)  a person:

                              (i)  who is entitled to use a network unit to supply a carriage service; and

                             (ii)  whose entitlement derives, directly or indirectly, from rights granted to a carrier; or

                     (b)  if:

                              (i)  a police force or service; or

                             (ii)  a fire service; or

                            (iii)  an ambulance service; or

                            (iv)  an emergency service specified in the regulations;

                            (the first force or service) uses a network unit for the sole or principal purpose of enabling either or both of the following:

                             (v)  communication between the members of the first force or service;

                            (vi)  communication between the members of the first force or service and the members of another force or service, where the other force or service is of a kind covered by subparagraph (i), (ii), (iii) or (iv);

                            the first force or service.

For the purposes of paragraph (b), an employee of a force or service is taken to be a member of the force or service.

facility means:

                     (a)  any part of the infrastructure of a telecommunications network; or

                     (b)  any line, equipment, apparatus, tower, mast, antenna, tunnel, duct, hole, pit, pole or other structure or thing used, or for use, in or in connection with a telecommunications network.

fax marketing industry means an industry that involves carrying on a fax marketing activity (as defined by section 109C).

Federal Court means the Federal Court of Australia.

fibre‑ready facility has the meaning given by section 372W.

final functional separation undertaking means a final functional separation undertaking under Division 2 of Part 9 of Schedule 1.

final migration plan means a final migration plan under Subdivision B of Division 2 of Part 33.

Finance Minister means the Minister administering the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013.

fixed‑line facility has the meaning given by section 372V.

fixed radiocommunications link has the meaning given by section 35.

Home Affairs Department means the Department administered by the Home Affairs Minister.

Home Affairs Minister means the Minister administering the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979.

Home Affairs Secretary means the Secretary of the Home Affairs Department.

hybrid fibre‑coaxial network means a telecommunications network:

                     (a)  that is for use for the transmission of any broadcasting service; and

                     (b)  that is also capable of being used to supply an internet carriage service; and

                     (c)  the line component of which consists of optical fibre to connecting nodes, supplemented by coaxial cable connections from the nodes to the premises of end‑users.

immediate circle has the meaning given by section 23.

import means import into Australia.

industry levy means levy imposed by the Telecommunications (Industry Levy) Act 2012.

infringement notice means an infringement notice under section 572E.

inspector has the meaning given by section 533.

integrated public number database scheme means the scheme in force under section 295A.

intercell hand‑over functions has the meaning given by section 33.

internet carriage service means a carriage service that enables end‑users to access the internet.

internet service provider has the same meaning as in Schedule 5 to the Broadcasting Services Act 1992.

Layer 2 bitstream service means a carriage service that is:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  a Layer 2 Ethernet bitstream service; or

                             (ii)  a Layer 2 bitstream service specified in a legislative instrument made by the ACMA for the purposes of this subparagraph; and

                     (b)  a listed carriage service; and

                     (c)  supplied using a line to premises occupied or used by an end‑user.

For this purpose, Layer 2 has the same meaning as in the Open System Interconnection (OSI) Reference Model for data exchange.

line means a wire, cable, optical fibre, tube, conduit, waveguide or other physical medium used, or for use, as a continuous artificial guide for or in connection with carrying communications by means of guided electromagnetic energy.

line link has the meaning given by section 30.

listed carriage service has the meaning given by section 16.

marketing fax means:

                     (a)  a marketing fax (within the meaning of the Do Not Call Register Act 2006) that is sent to an Australian number; or

                     (b)  a fax (within the meaning of the Do Not Call Register Act 2006) that is sent to an Australian number, where, having regard to:

                              (i)  the content of the fax; and

                             (ii)  the presentational aspects of the fax;

                            it would be concluded that the purpose, or one of the purposes, of the fax is:

                            (iii)  to conduct opinion polling; or

                            (iv)  to carry out standard questionnaire‑based research.

member means a member of the ACMA (and does not include an associate member).

NBN corporation has the same meaning as in the National Broadband Network Companies Act 2011. This definition does not apply to:

                     (a)  section 577BA; or

                     (b)  section 577BC; or

                     (c)  clause 17 of Schedule 1; or

                     (d)  Part 5 of Schedule 1.

network unit has the meaning given by Division 2 of Part 2.

nominated carriage service provider means a carriage service provider covered by a declaration in force under subsection 197(4) of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979.

nominated carrier means a carrier in respect of whom a nominated carrier declaration is in force.

nominated carrier declaration means a declaration under section 81.

notifiable equipment has the same meaning as in the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979.

numbering plan has the meaning given by section 455.

optical fibre line means a line that consists of, or encloses, optical fibre.

owner, in relation to a network unit, means a person who legally owns the unit (whether alone or together with one or more other persons).

person includes a partnership.

point‑to‑multipoint service means a carriage service which allows a person to transmit a communication to more than one end‑user simultaneously.

project area for a real estate development project has the meaning given by section 372Q.

public body means:

                     (a)  the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory; or

                     (b)  an authority, or institution, of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory; or

                     (c)  an incorporated company all the stock or shares in the capital of which is beneficially owned by one of the following:

                              (i)  the Commonwealth;

                             (ii)  a State;

                            (iii)  a Territory; or

                     (d)  an incorporated company limited by guarantee, where the interests and rights of the members in or in relation to the company are beneficially owned by one of the following:

                              (i)  the Commonwealth;

                             (ii)  a State;

                            (iii)  a Territory.

public mobile telecommunications service has the meaning given by section 32.

radiocommunication has the same meaning as in the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

radiocommunications device has the same meaning as in the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

radiocommunications receiver has the same meaning as in the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

radiocommunications transmitter has the same meaning as in the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

real estate development project has the meaning given by section 372Q.

recognised person who operates an emergency call service has the meaning given by section 19.

recognised testing authority has the meaning given by section 409.

record‑keeping rule means a rule under section 529.

registered charity means an entity that is registered under the Australian Charities and Not‑for‑profits Commission Act 2012 as the type of entity mentioned in column 1 of item 1 of the table in subsection 25‑5(5) of that Act.

satellite‑based facility means a radiocommunications transmitter, or a radiocommunications receiver, in a satellite.

sell:

                     (a)  when used in relation to a building lot—has the meaning given by section 372T; or

                     (b)  when used in relation to a building unit—has the meaning given by section 372U.

service provider has the meaning given by section 86.

service provider rules has the meaning given by section 98.

spectrum has the same meaning as in the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

spectrum licence has the same meaning as in the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

standard questionnaire‑based research means research that involves people being asked to answer one or more standard questions, but does not include:

                     (a)  opinion polling; or

                     (b)  research of a kind specified in the regulations.

standard telephone service has the meaning given by section 6 of the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999.

subdivision of an area of land has a meaning affected by section 372R.

subscription television broadcasting licence has the same meaning as in the Broadcasting Services Act 1992.

telecommunications industry includes an industry that involves:

                     (a)  carrying on business as a carrier; or

                     (b)  carrying on business as a carriage service provider; or

                     (c)  supplying goods or services for use in connection with the supply of a listed carriage service; or

                     (d)  supplying a content service using a listed carriage service; or

                     (e)  manufacturing or importing customer equipment or customer cabling; or

                      (f)  installing, maintaining, operating or providing access to:

                              (i)  a telecommunications network; or

                             (ii)  a facility;

                            used to supply a listed carriage service.

Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman has the same meaning as in the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999.

Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman scheme has the same meaning as in the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999.

telecommunications network means a system, or series of systems, that carries, or is capable of carrying, communications by means of guided and/or unguided electromagnetic energy.

telecommunications service has the same meaning as in the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979.

telecommunications system has the same meaning as in the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979.

telemarketing call means:

                     (a)  a telemarketing call (within the meaning of the Do Not Call Register Act 2006) that is made to an Australian number; or

                     (b)  a voice call (within the meaning of the Do Not Call Register Act 2006) that is made to an Australian number, where, having regard to:

                              (i)  the content of the call; and

                             (ii)  the presentational aspects of the call;

                            it would be concluded that the purpose, or one of the purposes, of the call is:

                            (iii)  to conduct opinion polling; or

                            (iv)  to carry out standard questionnaire‑based research.

telemarketing industry means an industry that involves carrying on a telemarketing activity (as defined by section 109B).

Telstra has the same meaning as in the Telstra Corporation Act 1991.

this Act includes the regulations.

universal service obligation has the same meaning as in the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999.

vessel means a vessel or boat of any description, and includes:

                     (a)  an air‑cushion vehicle; and

                     (b)  any floating structure.

8  Crown to be bound

             (1)  This Act binds the Crown in right of the Commonwealth, of each of the States, of the Australian Capital Territory and of the Northern Territory.

             (2)  This Act does not make the Crown liable to a pecuniary penalty or to be prosecuted for an offence.

             (3)  The protection in subsection (2) does not apply to an authority of the Crown.

9  Extra‑territorial application

                   This Act applies both within and outside Australia.

10  Extension to external Territories

             (1)  This Act extends to:

                     (a)  the Territory of Christmas Island; and

                     (b)  the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands; and

                     (c)  such other external Territories (if any) as are prescribed.

             (2)  The operation of this Act in relation to Norfolk Island is not affected by the amendments made by Division 1 of Part 1 of Schedule 5 to the Territories Legislation Amendment Act 2016.

11  Extension to offshore areas

             (1)  This Act applies in relation to the offshore areas of:

                     (a)  each of the States; and

                     (b)  each of the eligible Territories;

as if references in this Act to Australia included references to those offshore areas. This subsection has effect subject to subsection (2).

             (2)  The application of this Act in accordance with subsection (1) in relation to an offshore area extends only in relation to acts, matters and things touching, concerning, arising out of or connected with:

                     (a)  the exploration of the continental shelf of Australia; or

                     (b)  the exploitation of the resources of the continental shelf of Australia.

             (3)  The application of this Act in accordance with subsection (1) in relation to an offshore area extends in relation to all acts done by or in relation to, and all matters, circumstances and things affecting, any person who is in the offshore area for a reason touching, concerning, arising out of or connected with:

                     (a)  the exploration of the continental shelf of Australia; or

                     (b)  the exploitation of the resources of the continental shelf of Australia.

             (4)  Subsection (3) does not, by implication, limit subsection (2).

             (5)  In this section:

offshore area, in relation to a State or Territory, has the same meaning as in the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006.

11A  Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code (except Part 2.5) applies to all offences against this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

12  Act subject to Radiocommunications Act

             (1)  This Act has effect subject to the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

             (2)  However, to avoid doubt, the fact that a person is authorised to do something under a licence under the Radiocommunications Act 1992 does not entitle the person to do that thing if the person is prohibited by or under this Act from doing it, unless a condition of the licence requires the person to do it.

13  Continuity of partnerships

                   For the purposes of this Act, a change in the composition of a partnership does not affect the continuity of the partnership.

14  Controlled carriage services, controlled networks and controlled facilities

Controlled carriage services

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  a carrier or carriage service provider supplies, or proposes to supply, a carriage service; and

                     (b)  the carriage service involves, or will involve, the use of a controlled network, or a controlled facility, of the carrier or of the provider, as the case may be;

the carriage service is a controlled carriage service of the carrier or the provider, as the case may be.

Controlled networks

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  a carrier or carriage service provider operates a telecommunications network; and

                     (b)  the network satisfies the geographical test set out in subsection (4);

the network is a controlled network of the carrier or the provider, as the case may be.

Controlled facilities

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  a carrier or carriage service provider operates a facility; and

                     (b)  the facility satisfies the geographical test set out in subsection (4);

the facility is a controlled facility of the carrier or provider, as the case may be.

Geographical test

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, a telecommunications network, or a facility, satisfies the geographical test if:

                     (a)  the whole or any part of the network or facility, as the case requires, is, or will be, located in Australia; or

                     (b)  all of the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  a person, or a group of persons, operates the network or the facility, as the case requires;

                             (ii)  the person, or at least one of the members of the group, carries on, or will carry on, a telecommunications‑related business wholly or partly in Australia;

                            (iii)  the network, or the facility, as the case requires, is used, or will be used, to supply a listed carriage service, or a service that is ancillary or incidental to such a service.

Definition

             (5)  In this section:

telecommunications‑related business means a business that consists of, or includes:

                     (a)  supplying a carriage service; or

                     (b)  supplying goods or services for use in connection with the supply of a carriage service; or

                     (c)  supplying a content service; or

                     (d)  installing, maintaining, operating or providing access to:

                              (i)  a telecommunications network; or

                             (ii)  a facility.

15  Content service

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a content service is:

                     (a)  a broadcasting service; or

                     (b)  an on‑line information service (for example, a dial‑up information service); or

                     (c)  an on‑line entertainment service (for example, a video‑on‑demand service or an interactive computer game service); or

                     (d)  any other on‑line service (for example, an education service provided by a State or Territory government); or

                     (e)  a service of a kind specified in a determination made by the Minister for the purposes of this paragraph.

             (2)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, make a determination for the purposes of paragraph (1)(e).

16  Listed carriage services

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, the following carriage services are listed carriage services:

                     (a)  a carriage service between a point in Australia and one or more other points in Australia;

                     (b)  a carriage service between a point and one or more other points, where the first‑mentioned point is in Australia and at least one of the other points is outside Australia;

                     (c)  a carriage service between a point and one or more other points, where the first‑mentioned point is outside Australia and at least one of the other points is in Australia.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, a point includes a mobile or potentially mobile point, whether on land, underground, in the atmosphere, in outer space, underwater, at sea or anywhere else.

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, a point that is:

                     (a)  in the atmosphere; and

                     (b)  in or below the stratosphere; and

                     (c)  above Australia;

is taken to be a point in Australia.

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, a point that is:

                     (a)  on a satellite; and

                     (b)  above the stratosphere;

is taken to be a point outside Australia.

18  Access to an emergency call service

                   For the purposes of this Act, a person is taken not to have access to an emergency call service unless, in the event that the person attempts to place a call to the relevant emergency service number, the call can be established and maintained.

19  Recognised person who operates an emergency call service

             (1)  A reference in this Act to a recognised person who operates an emergency call service is a reference to a person who:

                     (a)  operates an emergency call service; and

                     (b)  is specified, in a written determination made by the ACMA for the purposes of this paragraph, as:

                              (i)  a national operator of emergency call services; or

                             (ii)  a regional operator of emergency call services.

             (2)  A copy of a determination under paragraph (1)(b) is to be published in the Gazette.

             (3)  A person may be specified in a determination under paragraph (1)(b) even if the person does not operate an emergency call service at the time the determination is made.

             (4)  Subsection (3) is enacted for the avoidance of doubt.

20  Customer cabling

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, customer cabling means a line that, under the regulations, is treated as customer cabling.

             (2)  Regulations made for the purposes of subsection (1) may deal with a matter by reference to the boundary of a telecommunications network.

Note:          Boundary of a telecommunications network is defined by section 22.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not, by implication, limit subsection (1).

             (4)  If no regulations are in force for the purposes of subsection (1), then, for the purposes of this Act, customer cabling means a line that is used, installed ready for use or intended for use on the customer side of the boundary of a telecommunications network.

Note:          Boundary of a telecommunications network is defined by section 22.

21  Customer equipment

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, customer equipment means:

                     (a)  any equipment, apparatus, tower, mast, antenna or other structure or thing; or

                     (b)  any system (whether software‑based or otherwise);

that:

                     (c)  is used, installed ready for use or intended for use in connection with a carriage service; and

                     (d)  under the regulations, is treated as customer equipment;

but does not include a line.

             (2)  Regulations made for the purposes of subsection (1) may deal with a matter by reference to the boundary of a telecommunications network.

Note:          Boundary of a telecommunications network is defined by section 22.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not, by implication, limit subsection (1).

             (4)  If no regulations are in force for the purposes of subsection (1), then, for the purposes of this Act, customer equipment means:

                     (a)  any equipment, apparatus, tower, mast, antenna or other structure or thing that is used, installed ready for use or intended for use on the customer side of the boundary of a telecommunications network; or

                     (b)  any system (whether software‑based or otherwise) that is used, installed ready for use or intended for use on the customer side of the boundary of a telecommunications network;

but does not include:

                     (c)  a line; or

                     (d)  equipment of a kind specified in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph; or

                     (e)  an apparatus, tower, mast, antenna or other structure or thing that is of a kind specified in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph; or

                      (f)  a system (whether software‑based or otherwise) that is of a kind specified in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Note :         Boundary of a telecommunications network is defined by section 22.

22  Customer cabling and customer equipment—boundary of a telecommunications network

             (1)  For the purposes of sections 20, 21, 30, 349, 372B, 372C and 372V, the boundary of a telecommunications network is to be ascertained in accordance with the regulations.

             (2)  Regulations made for the purposes of subsection (1) may deal with a matter by reference to any or all of the following:

                     (a)  the terms of an agreement between 2 or more carriers, where the agreement is entered into for the purposes of those regulations;

                     (b)  the terms of an agreement between 2 or more carriage service providers, where the agreement is entered into for the purposes of those regulations;

                     (c)  the terms of an agreement between a carrier and a carriage service provider, where the agreement is entered into for the purposes of those regulations;

                     (d)  the terms of an agreement between a carrier and a customer of the carrier, where the agreement is entered into for the purposes of those regulations;

                     (e)  the terms of an agreement between a carriage service provider and a customer of the provider, where the agreement is entered into for the purposes of those regulations.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not, by implication, limit subsection (1).

             (4)  If no regulations are in force for the purposes of subsection (1), then, for the purposes of sections 20, 21, 30, 349, 372B, 372C and 372V, the boundary of a telecommunications network is:

                     (a)  in a case where a telecommunications network is used to supply a carriage service to an end‑user in a building by means of a line that enters the building—the point agreed between the customer and the carrier or carriage service provider who operates the telecommunications network, or, failing agreement:

                              (i)  if there is a main distribution frame in the building and the line is connected to the frame—the side of the frame nearest to the end‑user; or

                             (ii)  if subparagraph (i) does not apply but the line is connected to a network termination device located in, on or within close proximity to, the building—the side of the device nearest to the end‑user; or

                            (iii)  if neither subparagraph (i) nor (ii) applies but the line is connected to one or more sockets in the building—the side nearest to the end‑user of the first socket after the building entry point; or

                     (b)  in a case where a telecommunications network is used to supply a carriage service to an end‑user by means of a satellite‑based facility that transmits to, or receives transmissions from, the point where the end user is located—the outer surface of the satellite‑based facility; or

                     (c)  in a case where:

                              (i)  a telecommunications network is used to supply a carriage service to an end‑user; and

                             (ii)  paragraphs (a) and (b) do not apply;

                            the outer surface of the fixed facility nearest to the end‑user, where the facility is used, installed ready for use or intended for use to supply the carriage service.

             (5)  If, immediately before 1 July 1997, the boundary of a telecommunications network used to supply a standard telephone service to an end‑user in a building by means of a line that enters the building is the side of a main distribution frame, or a telephone socket, nearest to the end‑user, paragraph (4)(a) has effect, on and after 1 July 1997, as if the customer and the carrier or carriage service provider who operates the network had agreed to the boundary at that point.

             (6)  Subsection (5) does not prevent the customer and the carrier or carriage service provider agreeing to a boundary at a different point.

             (7)  For the purposes of subsection (4), the building entry point is the point at which a line that is used to provide a carriage service to an end‑user in a building meets the outer surface of that building, immediately before entering the building.

             (8)  In this section:

building includes a structure, a caravan and a mobile home.

23  Immediate circle

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a person’s immediate circle consists of the person, together with the following persons:

                     (a)  if the person is an individual—an employee of the individual;

                     (b)  if the person is a partnership—an employee of the partnership;

                     (c)  if the person is a body corporate:

                              (i)  an officer of the body corporate;

                             (ii)  if another body corporate is related to the first‑mentioned body corporate (within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001)—that other body corporate and an officer of that other body corporate;

                     (d)  if the person is the Commonwealth:

                              (i)  an authority or institution of the Commonwealth (other than an authority or institution that carries on a business as a core function) and a constituent member or an employee of such an authority or institution;

                             (ii)  an officer or employee of the Commonwealth;

                            (iii)  a member of the Australian Defence Force;

                            (iv)  a member of the Australian Federal Police;

                             (v)  a member of the Parliament and a member of the staff of a member of the Parliament;

                            (vi)  a person who holds or performs the duties of an office under the Constitution or a law of the Commonwealth;

                     (e)  if the person is a State:

                              (i)  an authority or institution of the State (other than an authority or institution that carries on a business as a core function) and a constituent member or an employee of such an authority or institution;

                             (ii)  an officer or employee of the State;

                            (iii)  a member of the police force of the State;

                            (iv)  a member of the Parliament of the State and a member of the staff of a member of the Parliament of the State;

                             (v)  a person who holds or performs the duties of an office under a law of the State;

                      (f)  if the person is a Territory:

                              (i)  an authority or institution of the Territory (other than an authority or institution that carries on a business as a core function) and a constituent member or an employee of such an authority or institution;

                             (ii)  an officer or employee of the Territory;

                            (iii)  a member of the police force of the Territory;

                            (iv)  a member of the Legislative Assembly of the Territory and a member of the staff of a member of the Legislative Assembly of the Territory;

                             (v)  a person who holds or performs the duties of an office under a law of the Territory;

                     (g)  if the person is an authority or institution of the Commonwealth (other than an authority or institution that carries on a business as a core function):

                              (i)  a constituent member or an employee of the authority or institution;

                             (ii)  the Commonwealth;

                            (iii)  an officer or employee of the Commonwealth;

                            (iv)  a member of the Australian Defence Force;

                             (v)  a member of the Australian Federal Police;

                            (vi)  a member of the Parliament and a member of the staff of a member of the Parliament;

                           (vii)  a person who holds or performs the duties of an office under the Constitution or a law of the Commonwealth;

                          (viii)  another authority or institution of the Commonwealth (other than an authority or institution that carries on a business as a core function) and a constituent member or an employee of the other authority or institution;

                     (h)  if the person is an authority or institution of the Commonwealth, being an authority or institution that carries on a business as a core function—a constituent member or an employee of the authority or institution;

                      (i)  if the person is an authority or institution of a State (other than an authority or institution that carries on a business as a core function):

                              (i)  a constituent member or an employee of the authority or institution;

                             (ii)  the State;

                            (iii)  an officer or employee of the State;

                            (iv)  a member of the police force of the State;

                             (v)  a member of the Parliament of the State and a member of the staff of a member of the Parliament of the State;

                            (vi)  a person who holds or performs the duties of an office under a law of the State;

                           (vii)  another authority or institution of the State (other than an authority or institution that carries on a business as a core function) and a constituent member or an employee of the other authority or institution;

                      (j)  if the person is an authority or institution of a State, being an authority or institution that carries on a business as a core function—a constituent member or an employee of the authority or institution;

                     (k)  if the person is an authority or institution of a Territory (other than an authority or institution that carries on a business as a core function):

                              (i)  a constituent member or an employee of the authority or institution;

                             (ii)  the Territory;

                            (iii)  an officer or employee of the Territory;

                            (iv)  a member of the police force of the Territory;

                             (v)  a member of the Legislative Assembly of the Territory and a member of the staff of a member of the Legislative Assembly of the Territory;

                            (vi)  a person who holds or performs the duties of an office under a law of the Territory;

                           (vii)  another authority or institution of the Territory (other than an authority or institution that carries on a business as a core function) and a constituent member or an employee of the other authority or institution;

                      (l)  if the person is an authority or institution of a Territory, being an authority or institution that carries on a business as a core function—a constituent member or employee of the authority or institution;

                    (m)  if the person is a tertiary education institution:

                              (i)  a member of the governing body of the tertiary education institution;

                             (ii)  an officer or employee of the tertiary education institution;

                            (iii)  a student of the tertiary education institution;

                     (n)  a person specified in a determination under subsection (2).

             (2)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, make a determination specifying persons for the purposes of paragraph (1)(n).

             (3)  A determination under subsection (2) may be unconditional or subject to such conditions (if any) as are specified in the determination.

             (4)  Paragraphs (1)(a) to (m) (inclusive) do not, by implication, limit subsections (2) and (3).

             (5)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, make a determination providing that a specified authority or specified institution is taken to carry on a business as a core function for the purposes of subsection (1).

             (6)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, make a determination providing that a specified authority or specified institution is taken not to carry on a business as a core function for the purposes of subsection (1).

             (7)  A determination under subsection (2), (5) or (6) has effect accordingly.

             (9)  For the purposes of this section, a person who holds or performs the duties of the office of Administrator of the Northern Territory is taken to be an officer of that Territory.

           (10)  For the purposes of this section, the Australian Federal Police is taken to be the police force of the Australian Capital Territory.

           (11)  In this section:

core function, in relation to an authority or institution, means a function of the authority or institution other than a secondary or incidental function.

director includes a constituent member of a body corporate incorporated for a public purpose by a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory.

executive officer, in relation to a body corporate, means a person, by whatever name called and whether or not a director of the body, who is concerned in, or takes part in, the management of the body.

officer, in relation to a body corporate, includes a director, secretary, executive officer or employee of the body.

tertiary education institution means:

                     (a)  a higher education institution (within the meaning of the Student Assistance Act 1973); or

                     (b)  a technical and further education institution (within the meaning of that Act).

24  Extended meaning of use

                   Unless the contrary intention appears, a reference in this Act to the use of a thing is a reference to the use of the thing either:

                     (a)  in isolation; or

                     (b)  in conjunction with one or more other things.

Part 2Network units

Division 1Simplified outline

25  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      The object of this Part is to define the expression network unit.

•      There are 4 types of network unit:

               (a)     a single line link connecting distinct places in Australia, where the line link meets certain minimum distance requirements;

              (b)     multiple line links connecting distinct places in Australia, where the line links meet certain minimum distance requirements;

               (c)     a designated radiocommunications facility;

              (d)     a facility specified in a Ministerial determination.

Division 2Basic definition

26  Single line links connecting distinct places in Australia

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a line link connects distinct places in Australia; and

                     (b)  the distinct places are at least the statutory distance apart;

the line link is a network unit.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, the statutory distance is:

                     (a)  500 metres; or

                     (b)  if a longer distance, not exceeding 50 kilometres, is specified in the regulations—that longer distance.

27  Multiple line links connecting distinct places in Australia

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the same person owns, or the same persons own, 2 or more line links; and

                     (b)  each of those line links connects distinct places in Australia; and

                     (c)  the aggregate of the distances between the distinct places is more than the statutory distance;

each of those line links is a network unit.

Note:          Statutory distance is defined by subsection (3).

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the following conditions are satisfied in relation to 2 or more line links:

                              (i)  the owners of the line links are bodies corporate;

                             (ii)  the owners of the line links are all members of the same related company group; and

                     (b)  each of those line links connects distinct places in Australia; and

                     (c)  the aggregate of the distances between the distinct places is more than the statutory distance;

each of those line links is a network unit.

Note:          Statutory distance is defined by subsection (3).

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, the statutory distance is:

                     (a)  5 kilometres; or

                     (b)  if a longer distance, not exceeding 500 kilometres, is specified in the regulations—that longer distance.

             (4)  In this section:

owner means legal or beneficial owner, and own has a corresponding meaning.

related company group means a group of 2 or more bodies corporate, where each member of the group is related to each other member of the group.

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, the question whether a body corporate is related to another body corporate is to be determined in the same manner as that question is determined under the Corporations Act 2001.

28  Designated radiocommunications facility

             (1)  If a designated radiocommunications facility is used, or is for use, to supply a carriage service between a point in Australia and one or more other points in Australia, the facility is a network unit.

             (2)  It does not matter whether the supply involves:

                     (a)  the use of a satellite; or

                     (b)  the use of a line or other facility outside Australia.

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, a point includes a mobile or potentially mobile point, whether on land, underground, in the atmosphere, in outer space, underwater, at sea or anywhere else.

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, a point that is:

                     (a)  in the atmosphere; and

                     (b)  in or below the stratosphere; and

                     (c)  above Australia;

is taken to be a point in Australia.

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, a point that is:

                     (a)  on a satellite; and

                     (b)  above the stratosphere;

is taken to be a point outside Australia.

29  Facilities specified in Ministerial determination

             (1)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine that a specified facility is a network unit for the purposes of this Act.

             (2)  The determination has effect accordingly.

             (4)  To avoid doubt, nothing in the other provisions of this Part limits the power conferred by subsection (1).

Division 3Related definitions

30  Line links

             (1)  A line constitutes a line link.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a line is connected to another line; and

                     (b)  the other line constitutes, or forms part of, a line link;

the first‑mentioned line, and the line link referred to in paragraph (b), together constitute a line link.

             (3)  Subsection (2) is recursive, that is, the reference in paragraph (2)(b) to a line link is a reference to something that is a line link because of any other application or applications of this section.

             (4)  For the purposes of subsection (2), a line is connected to another line if, and only if:

                     (a)  the lines are connected to each other; or

                     (b)  each of the lines is connected to the same facility (other than a line);

in such a way that a communication can be carried, by means of the 2 lines, or by means of facilities including the 2 lines, in the same way as if the 2 lines were a single line.

          (4A)  A line does not form part of any line link to the extent that the line is on the customer side of the boundary of a telecommunications network.

Note:          Boundary of a telecommunications network is defined by section 22.

             (5)  A facility other than a line does not form part of any line link.

31  Designated radiocommunications facility

             (1)  A reference in this Act to a designated radiocommunications facility is a reference to:

                     (a)  a base station used, or for use, to supply a public mobile telecommunications service; or

                     (b)  a base station that is part of a terrestrial radiocommunications customer access network; or

                     (c)  a fixed radiocommunications link; or

                     (d)  a satellite‑based facility; or

                     (e)  a radiocommunications transmitter of a kind specified in a determination under subsection (2); or

                      (f)  a radiocommunications receiver of a kind specified in a determination under subsection (3);

but does not include a reference to:

                     (g)  a base station of a kind declared under subsection (5) to be exempt from this section; or

                     (h)  a fixed radiocommunications link of a kind declared under subsection (5) to be exempt from this section; or

                      (i)  a satellite‑based facility of a kind declared under subsection (5) to be exempt from this section.

Note 1:       Public mobile telecommunications service is defined by section 32.

Note 2:       Base station that is part of a terrestrial radiocommunications customer access network is defined by section 34.

Note 3:       Fixed radiocommunications link is defined by section 35.

Note 4:       Satellite‑based facility is defined by section 7.

             (2)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, make a determination for the purposes of paragraph (1)(e).

             (3)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, make a determination for the purposes of paragraph (1)(f).

             (5)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, make a declaration for the purposes of paragraph (1)(g), (h) or (i).

             (7)  To avoid doubt, nothing in the other provisions of this Part limits a power conferred by subsection (2), (3) or (5).

32  Public mobile telecommunications service

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  an end‑user can use a carriage service while moving continuously between places; and

                     (b)  the customer equipment used for or in relation to the supply of the service is not in physical contact with any part of the telecommunications network by means of which the service is supplied; and

                     (c)  the service is supplied by use of a telecommunications network that has intercell hand‑over functions; and

                     (d)  the service is not an exempt service (as defined by subsection (2), (3) or (4));

the service is a public mobile telecommunications service.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, a carriage service is an exempt service if:

                     (a)  the service is supplied by means of a telecommunications network (a primary network) that is connected to one or more line links or other facilities that, apart from this section, are eligible network units; and

                     (b)  the principal function of the primary network is to supply carriage services between customer equipment connected to the primary network and other such equipment; and

                     (c)  the supply of carriage services between such equipment and equipment connected to the network units is, at most, an ancillary function of the primary network; and

                     (d)  despite the connection or connections referred to in paragraph (a), the primary network cannot be used in carrying a communication, as a single transaction, between equipment connected to the network units and other such equipment.

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, a carriage service is an exempt service if the service is:

                     (a)  a one‑way only, store‑and‑forward communications service; or

                     (b)  a service that performs the same functions as such a service.

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, a carriage service is an exempt service if all of the end‑users of the service are located at the same distinct place.

             (5)  In this section:

eligible network unit means a network unit:

                     (a)  that is owned by one or more carriers; or

                     (b)  in relation to which a nominated carrier declaration is in force.

33  Intercell hand‑over functions

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a telecommunications network is taken to have intercell hand‑over functions if, and only if:

                     (a)  the facilities of the network include at least 2 base stations each of which transmits and receives signals to and from customer equipment (mobile equipment) that is:

                              (i)  used for or in relation to the supply of an eligible mobile telecommunications service; and

                             (ii)  located within a particular area (a cell); and

                     (b)  the network includes the functions necessary to do the following while the network is carrying a communication made to or from particular mobile equipment:

                              (i)  determine in which cell the equipment is located and cause the base station in that cell to transmit and receive signals to and from the equipment;

                             (ii)  when the equipment moves from one cell to another, cause the base station in the one cell to stop, and the base station in the other cell to start, transmitting and receiving signals to and from the equipment.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, a carriage service is an eligible mobile telecommunications service if:

                     (a)  an end‑user can use it while moving continuously between places; and

                     (b)  customer equipment used for or in relation to the supply of the service is not in physical contact with any part of the telecommunications network by means of which the service is supplied.

34  When a base station is part of a terrestrial radiocommunications customer access network

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a base station is part of a terrestrial radiocommunications customer access network if, and only if:

                     (a)  the base station is part of a telecommunications network; and

                     (b)  the base station is not an exempt base station (as defined by subsection (2)); and

                     (c)  the base station is used, or for use, in connection with the supply of a carriage service; and

                     (d)  customer equipment used for or in relation to the supply of the service is not in physical contact with any part of the telecommunications network by means of which the service is supplied; and

                     (e)  the service is wholly or principally used, or wholly or principally for use, by each end‑user:

                              (i)  at premises occupied or used by the end‑user; or

                             (ii)  in the immediate vicinity of those premises; and

                      (f)  the network does not have intercell hand‑over functions; and

                     (g)  the conditions (if any) specified in the regulations are satisfied; and

                     (h)  the network is not an exempt network (as defined by subsection (3)).

             (2)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(b), a base station is an exempt base station if the sole use of the base station is use by a broadcaster to:

                     (a)  supply broadcasting services to the public; or

                     (b)  supply a secondary carriage service by means of the main carrier signal of a primary broadcasting service;

or both.

             (3)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(h), a network is an exempt network if:

                     (a)  the network is used, or for use, for the sole purpose of supplying carriage services on a non‑commercial basis; or

                     (b)  the network is of a kind specified in the regulations.

             (4)  In this section:

broadcaster means:

                     (a)  the Australian Broadcasting Corporation; or

                     (b)  the Special Broadcasting Service Corporation; or

                     (c)  the holder of a licence under the Broadcasting Services Act 1992; or

                     (d)  a person who provides a broadcasting service under a class licence under the Broadcasting Services Act 1992.

35  Fixed radiocommunications link

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a fixed radiocommunications link is a facility, or a combination of facilities, where:

                     (a)  the facility or combination is used, or for use, in connection with the supply of a carriage service between 2 or more fixed points by means of radiocommunication; and

                     (b)  some or all of the communications carried by means of the facility or combination have the characteristic of double‑ended interconnection (as defined by subsection (3)); and

                     (c)  the facility or combination does not consist of:

                              (i)  one or more base stations that are part of a terrestrial radiocommunications customer access network; or

                             (ii)  one or more base stations that would be part of such a network if paragraph 34(1)(h) had not been enacted.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, a fixed point is a fixed point on:

                     (a)  land; or

                     (b)  a building or structure on land.

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, if:

                     (a)  a communication is carried over a line link or other facility that, apart from this section, is an eligible network unit; and

                     (b)  the communication is then carried (immediately or with a transmission delay of not longer than 30 seconds), by means of radiocommunication, between 2 or more fixed points; and

                     (c)  the communication is then carried (immediately or with a transmission delay of not longer than 30 seconds) over another line link or other facility that, apart from this section, is an eligible network unit;

the communication referred to in paragraph (b) has the characteristic of double‑ended interconnection.

             (4)  In this section:

eligible network unit means a network unit:

                     (a)  that is owned by one or more carriers; or

                     (b)  in relation to which a nominated carrier declaration is in force.

Division 4Distinct places

36  Distinct places—basic rules

             (1)  Places are distinct unless they are all in the same area because of subsection (2), (3) or (4).

             (2)  Places are in the same area if they are all situated in the same property as defined by section 37.

             (3)  Places are in the same area if they are situated in properties each of which forms part of a combined area as defined by section 38 and:

                     (a)  the same person or persons is or are the principal user (as defined by section 39) of all the properties that together constitute that combined area; or

                     (b)  because of a determination in force under section 40, that combined area is an eligible combined area for the purposes of this paragraph.

             (4)  Places are in the same area if they are all situated in the same eligible Territory.

             (5)  The later provisions of this Division have effect only for the purposes of this Division.

37  Properties

             (1)  An area of land is a property if:

                     (a)  there is a single freehold or leasehold title in relation to that area (whether or not that title is registered under a law of a State or Territory relating to the registration of interests in land); and

                     (b)  no part of that area is subject to a lease granted by the holder of that title; and

                     (c)  the title to the area is defined by reference to geographical coordinates.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  there is a single freehold or leasehold title (as mentioned in paragraph (1)(a)) in relation to an area of land; and

                     (b)  some but not all of that area is subject to a lease granted by the holder of that title;

then, an area of land:

                     (c)  all of which is within the area referred to in paragraph (a) of this subsection; and

                     (d)  none of which is subject to such a lease;

is a property unless it is only part of another such area.

             (3)  An area of land is not a property except as provided in this section.

             (4)  The regulations may prescribe the circumstances in which an area of land in relation to which there is a single freehold or leasehold title is not to constitute a property for the purposes of this Division.

             (5)  Despite paragraph (1)(c), the regulations may prescribe the circumstances in which an area of land, the title to which is defined otherwise than by reference to geographical coordinates, is a property.

             (6)  In this section:

land includes premises and a part of premises, but does not include unalienated Crown land.

lease includes sublease and leasehold title has a corresponding meaning.

38  Combined areas

             (1)  2 contiguous properties form a combined area.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a property is contiguous with another property; and

                     (b)  the other property forms part of a combined area;

the first‑mentioned property, and the combined area referred to in paragraph (b), together form a combined area.

             (3)  Subsection (2) is recursive, that is, the reference in paragraph (2)(b) to a combined area is a reference to something that is a combined area because of any other application or applications of this section.

39  Principal user of a property

             (1)  The principal user of a property is the person who:

                     (a)  occupies the property; or

                     (b)  uses the property for the purpose that is the sole or principal purpose for which the property is used.

             (2)  However, if 2 or more persons:

                     (a)  together occupy a property; or

                     (b)  together use a property for the purpose that is the sole or principal purpose for which the property is used;

they are taken to together be the principal user of the property.

40  Eligible combined areas

                   The Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine that specified combined areas are eligible combined areas for the purposes of paragraph 36(3)(b).

Part 3Carriers

Division 1Simplified outline

41  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      The owner of a network unit that is used to supply carriage services to the public must hold a carrier licence unless:

               (a)     a nominated carrier declaration is in force in relation to the network unit; or

              (b)     an exemption applies.

•      Carrier licences are granted by the ACMA.

•      The holder of a carrier licence is known as a carrier.

•      If responsibility for a network unit is transferred from the owner of the unit to a carrier, the ACMA may make a nominated carrier declaration that declares the carrier to be the nominated carrier in relation to the unit.

•      Carrier licences are subject to conditions.

Division 2Prohibitions relating to carriers

42  Network unit not to be used without carrier licence or nominated carrier declaration

             (1)  If there is only one owner of a network unit, the owner of the network unit must not use the unit, either alone or jointly with one or more other persons, to supply a carriage service to the public, unless:

                     (a)  the owner holds a carrier licence; or

                     (b)  a nominated carrier declaration is in force in relation to the unit.

             (2)  If there is only one owner of a network unit, the owner of the network unit must not allow or permit another person to use the unit to supply a carriage service to the public unless:

                     (a)  the owner holds a carrier licence; or

                     (b)  a nominated carrier declaration is in force in relation to the unit.

             (3)  If there are 2 or more owners of a network unit, an owner of the network unit must not use the unit, either alone or jointly with one or more other persons, to supply a carriage service to the public, unless:

                     (a)  the owner holds a carrier licence; or

                     (b)  a nominated carrier declaration is in force in relation to the unit.

             (4)  If there are 2 or more owners of a network unit, an owner of the network unit must not, either alone or together with one or more other owners, allow or permit another person to use the unit to supply a carriage service to the public unless:

                     (a)  the owner holds a carrier licence; or

                     (b)  a nominated carrier declaration is in force in relation to the unit.

             (5)  A person who contravenes subsection (1), (2), (3) or (4) commits an offence punishable on conviction by a fine not exceeding 20,000 penalty units.

Note:          See also sections 4AA and 4B of the Crimes Act 1914.

43  Continuing offences

                   A person who contravenes section 42 commits a separate offence in respect of each day (including a day of a conviction under this section or any later day) during which the contravention continues.

44  Supply to the public

             (1)  This section sets out the circumstances in which a network unit is taken, for the purposes of section 42, to be used to supply a carriage service to the public.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  there is only one owner of a network unit; and

                     (b)  no nominated carrier declaration is in force in relation to the unit; and

                     (c)  any of the following conditions is satisfied:

                              (i)  the unit is used for the carriage of communications between 2 end‑users, where each end‑user is outside the immediate circle of the owner of the unit;

                             (ii)  the unit is used to supply point‑to‑multipoint services to end‑users, where at least one end‑user is outside the immediate circle of the owner of the unit;

                            (iii)  the unit is used to supply designated content services (other than point‑to‑multipoint services) to one or more end‑users, where at least one end‑user is outside the immediate circle of the owner of the unit;

the unit is used to supply a carriage service to the public.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  there are 2 or more owners of a network unit; and

                     (b)  no nominated carrier declaration is in force in relation to the unit; and

                     (c)  any of the following conditions is satisfied:

                              (i)  the unit is used for the carriage of communications between 2 end‑users, where each end‑user is outside the overlap of the immediate circles of the owners of the unit;

                             (ii)  the unit is used to supply point‑to‑multipoint services to end‑users, where at least one end‑user is outside the overlap of the immediate circles of the owners of the unit;

                            (iii)  the unit is used to supply designated content services (other than point‑to‑multipoint services) to one or more end‑users, where at least one end‑user is outside the overlap of the immediate circles of the owners of the unit;

the unit is used to supply a carriage service to the public.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a nominated carrier declaration is in force in relation to a network unit; and

                     (b)  any of the following conditions is satisfied:

                              (i)  the unit is used for the carriage of communications between 2 end‑users, where each end‑user is outside the immediate circle of the nominated carrier in relation to the unit;

                             (ii)  the unit is used to supply point‑to‑multipoint services to end‑users, where at least one end‑user is outside the immediate circle of the nominated carrier in relation to the unit;

                            (iii)  the unit is used to supply designated content services (other than point‑to‑multipoint services) to one or more end‑users, where at least one end‑user is outside the immediate circle of the nominated carrier in relation to the unit;

the unit is used to supply a carriage service to the public.

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, a person is outside the overlap of the immediate circles of the owners of a network unit unless the person is:

                     (a)  within the immediate circles of each of the owners of the unit; or

                     (b)  the owner, or one of the owners, of the unit.

             (6)  For the purposes of this section, a designated content service is a content service of a kind specified in a written determination made by the Minister.

             (7)  A determination under subsection (6) is a legislative instrument.

45  Exemption—defence

             (1)  If the sole use of a network unit is use by, or on behalf of, a defence organisation to carry communications necessary or desirable for defence purposes, section 42 does not apply to the unit.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the principal use of a network unit is use by, or on behalf of, a defence organisation to carry communications necessary or desirable for defence purposes; and

                     (b)  the remaining use of the unit is use by one or more carriers, or by one or more exempt network‑users, to supply carriage services and/or content services;

section 42 does not apply to the unit.

             (3)  In this section:

defence organisation means:

                     (a)  the Defence Department; or

                     (b)  the Australian Defence Force; or

                     (c)  an organisation of a foreign country, so far as the organisation:

                              (i)  has functions corresponding to functions of, or of a part of, the Defence Department or the Australian Defence Force; and

                             (ii)  is authorised by the Commonwealth to operate or train in Australia or an external Territory; or

                     (d)  a part of such an organisation or body.

46  Exemption—intelligence operations

                   Section 42 does not apply to a network unit that is used wholly or principally:

                     (a)  by the Australian Secret Intelligence Service; or

                     (b)  by the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation; or

                     (c)  by the Australian Signals Directorate.

47  Exemption—transport authorities

             (1)  Section 42 does not apply to a network unit if the sole use of the unit is use by Airservices Australia to carry communications necessary or desirable for the workings of aviation services.

             (3)  Section 42 does not apply to a network unit if the sole use of the unit is use by a State or Territory transport authority to carry communications necessary or desirable for the workings of any or all of the following services:

                     (a)  train services of a kind provided by the authority;

                     (b)  bus or other road services of a kind provided by the authority;

                     (c)  tram services of a kind provided by the authority.

             (4)  Section 42 does not apply to a network unit if the sole use of the unit is use by a rail corporation to carry communications necessary or desirable for the workings of train services.

             (5)  Section 42 does not apply to a network unit if:

                     (a)  the principal use of the unit is use by Airservices Australia to carry communications necessary or desirable for the workings of aviation services; and

                     (b)  the remaining use of the unit is use by one or more carriers, or by one or more exempt network‑users, to supply carriage services and/or content services.

             (7)  Section 42 does not apply to a network unit if:

                     (a)  the principal use of the unit is use by a State or Territory transport authority to carry communications necessary or desirable for the workings of any or all of the following services:

                              (i)  train services of a kind provided by the authority;

                             (ii)  bus or other road services of a kind provided by the authority;

                            (iii)  tram services of a kind provided by the authority; and

                     (b)  the remaining use of the unit is use by one or more carriers, or by one or more exempt network‑users, to supply carriage services and/or content services.

             (8)  Section 42 does not apply to a network unit if:

                     (a)  the principal use of the unit is use by a rail corporation to carry communications necessary or desirable for the workings of train services; and

                     (b)  the remaining use of the unit is use by one or more carriers, or by one or more exempt network‑users, to supply carriage services and/or content services.

             (9)  In this section:

rail corporation means a body corporate that manages or operates either or both of the following:

                     (a)  rail transport services;

                     (b)  rail transport infrastructure.

48  Exemption—broadcasting services

             (1)  If :

                     (a)  the sole use of a network unit is use to carry communications that are necessary or desirable for either or both of the following purposes:

                              (i)  the supply of broadcasting services to the public;

                             (ii)  the supply of a secondary carriage service by means of the main carrier signal of a primary broadcasting service; and

                     (b)  the unit does not consist of, or include, a facility used to carry communications between:

                              (i)  the head end of a cable transmission system; and

                             (ii)  the equipment used by an end‑user to receive a broadcasting service; and

                     (c)  the unit does not consist of a broadcasting transmitter transmitting a signal of a broadcasting service to its intended audience;

section 42 does not apply to the unit.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the principal use of a network unit is use to carry communications that are necessary or desirable for either or both of the following purposes:

                              (i)  the supply of broadcasting services to the public;

                             (ii)  the supply of a secondary carriage service by means of the main carrier signal of a primary broadcasting service; and

                     (b)  the unit does not consist of, or include, a facility used to carry communications between:

                              (i)  the head end of a cable transmission system; and

                             (ii)  the equipment used by an end‑user to receive a broadcasting service; and

                     (c)  the unit does not consist of a broadcasting transmitter transmitting a signal of a broadcasting service to its intended audience; and

                     (d)  the remaining use of the unit is use by one or more carriers, or by one or more exempt network‑users, to supply carriage services and/or content services;

section 42 does not apply to the unit.

             (3)  If the sole use of a line link is use for the purpose of a re‑transmission of a kind mentioned in paragraph 212(1)(a) or (b) of the Broadcasting Services Act 1992, section 42 of this Act does not apply to the line link.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the principal use of a line link is use for the purpose of a re‑transmission of a kind mentioned in paragraph 212(1)(a) or (b) of the Broadcasting Services Act 1992; and

                     (b)  the remaining use of the line link is use by one or more carriers, or by one or more exempt network‑users, to supply carriage services and/or content services;

section 42 of this Act does not apply to the line link.

          (4A)  For the purposes of this section, disregard subsection 212(3) of the Broadcasting Services Act 1992.

             (5)  In this section:

broadcasting transmitter means a radiocommunications transmitter used, or for use, to deliver a broadcasting service.

head end of a cable transmission system means a facility that:

                     (a)  is connected to a line link; and

                     (b)  is used, or for use, in connection with the delivery of a broadcasting service; and

                     (c)  processes signals for delivery by the line link to end‑users having equipment appropriate for receiving the service.

49  Exemption—electricity supply bodies

             (1)  If the sole use of a network unit is use by an electricity supply body to carry communications necessary or desirable for:

                     (a)  managing the generation, transmission, distribution or supply of electricity; or

                     (b)  charging for the supply of electricity;

section 42 does not apply to the unit.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the principal use of a network unit is use by an electricity supply body to carry communications necessary or desirable for:

                              (i)  managing the generation, transmission, distribution or supply of electricity; or

                             (ii)  charging for the supply of electricity; and

                     (b)  the remaining use of the unit is use by one or more carriers, or by one or more exempt network‑users, to supply carriage services and/or content services;

section 42 does not apply to the unit.

             (3)  In this section:

electricity supply body means an authority, or a body corporate, that carries on a business, or performs a function, of:

                     (a)  generating, transmitting, distributing or supplying electricity; or

                     (b)  managing the generation, transmission, distribution or supply of electricity.

50  Exemption—line links authorised by or under previous laws

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a line link consists of facilities in relation to which an authorisation was in force under paragraph 13(1)(a) of the Telecommunications Act 1975 immediately before the repeal of that Act; and

                     (b)  the sole use of the line link is use as provided in, and in accordance with any conditions specified in, the authorisation;

section 42 of this Act does not apply to the line link.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a line link consists of facilities in relation to which an authorisation was in force under paragraph 13(1)(a) of the Telecommunications Act 1975 immediately before the repeal of that Act; and

                     (b)  the principal use of the line link is use as provided in, and in accordance with any conditions specified in, the authorisation; and

                     (c)  the remaining use of the line link is use by one or more carriers, or by one or more exempt network‑users, to supply carriage services and/or content services;

section 42 of this Act does not apply to the line link.

             (3)  If a line link consists of facilities that:

                     (a)  were installed before the repeal of section 45 of the Telecommunications Act 1989; and

                     (b)  immediately before that repeal, were permitted by that section to be maintained and operated;

section 42 of this Act does not apply to the line link.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a line link consists of facilities in relation to which an authorisation was in force under section 46 of the Telecommunications Act 1989 immediately before the repeal of that Act; and

                     (b)  the sole use of the line link is use as provided in, and in accordance with any conditions specified in, the authorisation;

section 42 of this Act does not apply to the line link.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  a line link consists of facilities in relation to which an authorisation was in force under section 46 of the Telecommunications Act 1989 immediately before the repeal of that Act; and

                     (b)  the principal use of the line link is use as provided in, and in accordance with any conditions specified in, the authorisation; and

                     (c)  the remaining use of the line link is use by one or more carriers, or by one or more exempt network‑users, to supply carriage services and/or content services;

section 42 of this Act does not apply to the line link.

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  a line link consists of facilities in relation to which an authorisation was in force under section 108 of the Telecommunications Act 1991 immediately before the repeal of that Act; and

                     (b)  the sole use of the line link is use as provided in, and in accordance with any conditions specified in, the authorisation;

section 42 of this Act does not apply to the line link.

             (7)  If:

                     (a)  a line link consists of facilities in relation to which an authorisation was in force under section 108 of the Telecommunications Act 1991 immediately before the repeal of that Act; and

                     (b)  the principal use of the line link is use as provided in, and in accordance with any conditions specified in, the authorisation; and

                     (c)  the remaining use of the line link is use by one or more carriers, or by one or more exempt network‑users, to supply carriage services and/or content services;

section 42 of this Act does not apply to the line link.

51  Exemption—Ministerial determination

             (1)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine that section 42 does not apply in relation to:

                     (a)  a specified network unit; or

                     (b)  a specified person; or

                     (c)  a specified use of a network unit.

             (2)  A determination under this section may be unconditional or subject to such conditions (if any) as are specified in the determination.

             (3)  A determination under this section has effect accordingly.

Division 3Carrier licences

52  Applications for carrier licence

                   A person may apply to the ACMA for a carrier licence, so long as the person is:

                     (a)  a constitutional corporation; or

                     (b)  an eligible partnership; or

                     (c)  a public body.

53  Form of application etc.

                   An application must be:

                     (a)  in writing; and

                     (b)  in accordance with the form approved in writing by the ACMA.

53A  Copy of application to be given to Communications Access Co‑ordinator

             (1)  The ACMA must give a copy of the application to the Communications Access Co‑ordinator.

             (2)  For the purposes of sections 56A and 59, the application is taken not to have been received by the ACMA until the copy is received by the Communications Access Co‑ordinator.

54  Application to be accompanied by charge

                   An application must be accompanied by the charge (if any) imposed on the application by Part 2 of the Telecommunications (Carrier Licence Charges) Act 1997.

55  Further information

             (1)  The ACMA may, within 20 business days after an application is made, request the applicant to give the ACMA, within the period specified in the request, further information about the application.

             (2)  The ACMA may refuse to consider the application until the applicant gives the ACMA the information.

             (3)  In this section:

business day means a day on which the ACMA is open for business in the Australian Capital Territory and in Victoria.

56  Grant of licence

             (1)  After considering an application, the ACMA may grant a carrier licence in accordance with the application.

             (2)  If the ACMA grants a carrier licence to a person, the ACMA must give the person a written notice stating that the licence has been granted.

             (3)  If the ACMA grants a carrier licence, the ACMA must cause to be published in the Gazette a notice stating that the licence has been granted.

56A  Consultation with Communications Access Co‑ordinator

             (1)  The ACMA must not grant a carrier licence unless it has consulted the Communications Access Co‑ordinator about the licence application.

             (2)  Within 15 business days after the date on which the ACMA received the licence application, the Communications Access Co‑ordinator may give a written notice to the ACMA, stating that the Communications Access Co‑ordinator does not require any further consultation about the application. The notice cannot be revoked.

Note:          Under section 53A, the application is treated as not being received by the ACMA until a copy has been received by the Communications Access Co‑ordinator.

             (3)  Within 15 business days after the date on which the ACMA received the licence application, the Communications Access Co‑ordinator may give a written notice to the ACMA:

                     (a)  stating that, while the notice remains in force, the ACMA must not grant the carrier licence; and

                     (b)  specifying the period during which the notice remains in force (unless earlier revoked), which period cannot end more than 3 months after the date of the notice.

However, the Communications Access Co‑ordinator cannot give such a notice if the Communications Access Co‑ordinator has earlier given a notice under subsection (2) in relation to the application.

             (4)  At any time while a notice is in force under subsection (3), or under this subsection, the Communications Access Co‑ordinator may give a further written notice to the ACMA:

                     (a)  stating that, while the notice remains in force, the ACMA must not grant the carrier licence; and

                     (b)  specifying the period during which the notice remains in force (unless earlier revoked), which period cannot end more than 3 months after the date of the notice or more than 12 months after the date of the notice under subsection (3).

             (5)  The Communications Access Co‑ordinator may, by notice in writing to the ACMA, revoke a notice under subsection (3) or (4).

             (6)  The Communications Access Co‑ordinator cannot issue a further notice under subsection (3) or (4) in respect of the application after it has revoked such a notice.

             (7)  The ACMA must give the applicant a copy of each notice that the ACMA receives from the Communications Access Co‑ordinator under subsection (3), (4) or (5).

             (8)  The ACMA must not grant the carrier licence while a notice is in force under subsection (3) or (4).

             (9)  In this section:

business day means a day on which the ACMA is open for business in the Australian Capital Territory and in Victoria.

57  Carrier licence has effect subject to this Act

             (1)  A carrier licence has effect subject to this Act.

             (2)  In this section:

this Act includes the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999 and regulations under that Act.

58  Refusal of carrier licence—disqualified applicant

             (1)  The ACMA may refuse to grant a carrier licence to an applicant if, immediately before the ACMA makes its decision on the application, the applicant is disqualified.

When body corporate is disqualified

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, a body corporate is disqualified at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at any time before the test time, a carrier licence held by the body corporate was cancelled under subsection 72(1) or (2A); or

                     (b)  at any time before the test time, a carrier licence held by a partnership in which the body corporate was a partner was cancelled under subsection 72(1) or (2A); or

                     (c)  at the test time, any of the following individuals is disqualified:

                              (i)  a director of the body corporate;

                             (ii)  the secretary of the body corporate;

                            (iii)  a person (by whatever name called and whether or not a director of the body corporate) who is concerned in, or takes part in, the management of the body corporate.

When individual is disqualifiedfailure to pay annual charge

             (3)  For the purposes of subsection (2), an individual is disqualified at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at any time before the test time, a carrier licence held by a body corporate or partnership was cancelled under subsection 72(1) because of a failure by the body corporate or partnership to pay in full the charge referred to in that subsection; and

                     (b)  in the case of a body corporate—at the time when the charge referred to in subsection 72(1) was due and payable, the individual was:

                              (i)  a director of the body corporate; or

                             (ii)  the secretary of the body corporate; or

                            (iii)  a person (by whatever name called and whether or not a director of the body corporate) who was concerned in, or took part in, the management of the body corporate; and

                     (c)  in the case of a partnership—at the time when the charge referred to in subsection 72(1) was due and payable, the individual:

                              (i)  was an employee of the partnership; and

                             (ii)  was concerned in, or took part in, the management of the partnership; and

                     (d)  the individual:

                              (i)  aided, abetted, counselled or procured the failure of the body corporate or partnership; or

                             (ii)  was in any way, by act or omission, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, the failure of the body corporate or partnership.

When individual is disqualified—failure to pay industry levy

          (4A)  For the purposes of subsection (2), an individual is disqualified at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at any time before the test time, a carrier licence held by a body corporate or partnership was cancelled under subsection 72(2A) because of a failure by the body corporate or partnership to pay in full the industry levy referred to in that subsection; and

                     (b)  in the case of a body corporate—at the time when the industry levy referred to in subsection 72(2A) was due and payable, the individual was:

                              (i)  a director of the body corporate; or

                             (ii)  the secretary of the body corporate; or

                            (iii)  a person (by whatever name called and whether or not a director of the body corporate) who was concerned in, or took part in, the management of the body corporate; and

                     (c)  in the case of a partnership—at the time when the industry levy referred to in subsection 72(2A) was due and payable, the individual:

                              (i)  was an employee of the partnership; and

                             (ii)  was concerned in, or took part in, the management of the partnership; and

                     (d)  the individual:

                              (i)  aided, abetted, counselled or procured the failure of the body corporate or partnership; or

                             (ii)  was in any way, by act or omission, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, the failure of the body corporate or partnership.

When partnership is disqualified

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, a partnership is disqualified at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at any time before the test time, a carrier licence held by the partnership was cancelled under subsection 72(1) or (2A); or

                     (b)  at the test time, any of the partners is disqualified; or

                     (c)  at the test time, an individual who:

                              (i)  is an employee of the partnership; and

                             (ii)  is concerned in, or takes part in, the management of the partnership;

                            is disqualified.

This section does not limit grounds for refusal to grant carrier licence

             (6)  This section does not, by implication, limit the grounds on which the ACMA may refuse to grant a carrier licence.

58A  Refusal of carrier licence—security

             (1)  If the Home Affairs Minister, after consulting the Prime Minister and the Minister administering this Act, considers that the grant of a carrier licence to a particular person would be prejudicial to security, the Home Affairs Minister may give a written direction to the ACMA not to grant a carrier licence to the person.

             (2)  The ACMA must comply with a direction under subsection (1).

             (3)  While a direction is in force under this section:

                     (a)  the ACMA cannot reconsider a non‑compulsory refusal to grant a carrier licence to the person; and

                     (b)  the Administrative Appeals Tribunal cannot consider an application for review of a non‑compulsory refusal to grant a carrier licence to the person.

             (4)  If an application for a carrier licence is pending at the time when the Home Affairs Minister gives a direction to the ACMA under this section, then the application lapses.

Note:          Section 73A provides for refund of the application charge.

             (5)  In this section:

non‑compulsory refusal means a refusal to grant a carrier licence, other than a refusal that is required by section 56A or this section.

security has the same meaning as in the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979.

59  Time limit on licence decision

Deemed refusal of licence application if no decision by deadline

             (1)  If the ACMA neither grants, nor refuses to grant, a carrier licence before the end of the deadline day worked out under the following subsections, then the ACMA is taken, at the end of that day, to have refused to grant the licence.

Case 1: no section 55 request and no section 56A notice in force

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the ACMA did not give a section 55 request; and

                     (b)  there is no section 56A notice in force at the end of the 20th business day after the application day;

then the deadline day is the 20th business day after the application day.

Case 2: no section 55 request but section 56A notice in force

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  the ACMA did not give a section 55 request; and

                     (b)  there is a section 56A notice in force at the end of the 20th business day after the application day;

then the deadline day is the fifth business day after the section 56A expiration day. For this purpose, the section 56A expiration day is the first day after the end of that 20th business day on which there is no notice in force under section 56A.

Case 3: section 55 request complied with and no section 56A notice in force

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the ACMA gave a section 55 request; and

                     (b)  the request was complied with; and

                     (c)  there is no section 56A notice in force at the end of the tenth business day after the day on which the request was complied with;

then the deadline day is the tenth business day after the day on which the request was complied with.

Case 4: section 55 request complied with and section 56A notice in force

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  the ACMA gave a section 55 request; and

                     (b)  the request was complied with; and

                     (c)  there is a section 56A notice in force at the end of the tenth business day after the day on which the request was complied with;

then the deadline day is the fifth business day after the section 56A expiration day. For this purpose, the section 56A expiration day is the first day after the end of that tenth business day on which there is no notice in force under section 56A.

Case 5: section 55 request not complied with and no section 56A notice in force

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  the ACMA gave a section 55 request; and

                     (b)  the request was not complied with; and

                     (c)  there is no section 56A notice in force at the end of the tenth business day after the day specified in the section 55 request;

then the deadline day is the tenth business day after the day specified in the section 55 request.

Case 6: section 55 request not complied with and section 56A notice in force

             (7)  If:

                     (a)  the ACMA gave a section 55 request; and

                     (b)  the request was not complied with; and

                     (c)  there is a section 56A notice in force at the end of the tenth business day after the day specified in the section 55 request;

then the deadline day is the fifth business day after the section 56A expiration day. For this purpose, the section 56A expiration day is the first day after the end of that tenth business day on which there is no notice in force under section 56A.

             (8)  In this section:

application day means the day on which the ACMA received the licence application.

Note:          Under section 53A, the application is treated as not being received by the ACMA until a copy has been received by the Communications Access Co‑ordinator.

business day means a day on which the ACMA is open for business in the Australian Capital Territory and in Victoria.

section 55 request means a request under section 55 in relation to the licence application.

section 56A notice means a notice under subsection 56A(3) or (4) in relation to the licence application.

60  Notification of refusal of application

                   If the ACMA refuses to grant a carrier licence, the ACMA must give written notice of the refusal to the applicant.

61  Conditions of carrier licence specified in Schedule 1

                   A carrier licence is subject to the conditions specified in Schedule 1.

62  Condition of carrier licence set out in section 152AZ of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010

                   A carrier licence is subject to the condition set out in section 152AZ of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

Note:          Section 152AZ of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 deals with standard access obligations.

62A  Condition of carrier licence set out in section 152BCO of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010

                   A carrier licence is subject to the condition set out in section 152BCO of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

Note:          Section 152BCO of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 deals with access determinations.

62B  Condition of carrier licence set out in section 152BDF of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010

                   A carrier licence is subject to the condition set out in section 152BDF of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

Note:          Section 152BDF of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 deals with binding rules of conduct.

62C  Condition of carrier licence set out in section 152BEC of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010

                   A carrier licence is subject to the condition set out in section 152BEC of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

Note:          Section 152BEC of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 deals with access agreements.

62D  Condition of carrier licence set out in section 152CJC of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010

                   A carrier licence held by an NBN corporation is subject to the condition set out in section 152CJC of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

Note:          Section 152CJC of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 deals with rules about the supply of services by NBN corporations.

62E  Condition of carrier licence set out in section 37 of the National Broadband Network Companies Act 2011

                   A carrier licence held by an NBN corporation is subject to the condition set out in section 37 of the National Broadband Network Companies Act 2011.

Note:          Section 37 of the National Broadband Network Companies Act 2011 deals with rules about:

(a)    the supply of goods and services by NBN corporations; and

(b)    the investment of money by NBN corporations; and

(c)    the functional separation of NBN corporations; and

(d)    the divestment of assets by NBN corporations.

63  Conditions of carrier licence declared by Minister

Conditions applying to each carrier licence

             (1)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, declare that each carrier licence is subject to such conditions as are specified in the instrument.

Conditions applying to specified existing carrier licences

             (2)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, declare that a specified carrier licence is subject to such conditions as are specified in the instrument.

Note:          A licence may be specified by name, by inclusion in a specified class or in any other way.

Conditions applying to specified future carrier licences

             (3)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, declare that, in the event that a carrier licence is granted to a specified person during a specified period, the carrier licence is subject to such conditions as are specified in the instrument.

Declarations have effect

             (4)  A declaration under this section has effect accordingly.

Variation of conditions

             (5)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, vary an instrument under subsection (1), (2) or (3).

Revocation of conditions

             (6)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, revoke an instrument under subsection (1), (2) or (3).

Notification of conditions—existing licences

             (7)  As soon as practicable after the Minister makes an instrument under subsection (1), (2), (5) or (6) that relates to a licence, the Minister must give the holder of the licence a copy of the instrument.

Notification of conditions—future licences

             (8)  As soon as practicable after the Minister makes an instrument under subsection (3) that relates to a licence, the Minister must give the applicant for the licence a copy of the instrument.

Validity not affected by failure to notify conditions

             (9)  A contravention of subsection (7) or (8) does not affect the validity of an instrument.

Date of effect—future licences

           (12)  An instrument under subsection (3) relating to a licence takes effect when the licence is granted.

64  Consultation about declared licence conditions

             (1)  Before making an instrument under subsection 63(1), (2), (5) or (6) that relates to a licence, the Minister must first:

                     (a)  cause the holder of the licence to be given a written notice setting out a draft version of the instrument and inviting the holder to make submissions to the Minister on the draft; and

                     (b)  consider any submissions that were received within the time limit specified in the notice.

             (2)  The time limit specified in a notice under subsection (1) must be at least 30 days.

             (3)  Before making an instrument under subsection 63(3) that relates to a licence, the Minister must first:

                     (a)  cause the applicant for the licence to be given a written notice setting out a draft version of the instrument and inviting the applicant to make submissions to the Minister on the draft; and

                     (b)  consider any submissions that were received within the time limit specified in the notice.

65  Conditions about foreign ownership or control

             (1)  A condition of a carrier licence may relate to the extent of foreign ownership or control (whether direct or indirect) of the holder.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not, by implication, limit the conditions that may be declared under section 63.

67  Carrier licence conditions—special provisions

             (1)  A condition of a carrier licence held by a carrier has effect subject to the provisions of a licence under the Radiocommunications Act 1992 under which the carrier is authorised to do something.

             (2)  A condition of a carrier licence held by a carrier may remove or restrict a right or privilege that the carrier would otherwise have under a provision of this Act (whether or not in the carrier’s capacity as a carrier).

             (3)  In this section:

this Act includes the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999 and regulations under that Act.

68  Compliance with conditions

             (1)  A carrier must not contravene a condition of the carrier licence held by the carrier.

             (2)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (1).

             (3)  Subsections (1) and (2) are civil penalty provisions.

Note:          Part 31 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.

69  Remedial directions—breach of condition

             (1)  This section applies if a carrier has contravened, or is contravening, a condition of the carrier licence held by the carrier.

             (2)  The ACMA may give the carrier a written direction requiring the carrier to take specified action directed towards ensuring that the carrier does not contravene the condition, or is unlikely to contravene the condition, in the future.

             (3)  The following are examples of the kinds of direction that may be given to a carrier under subsection (2):

                     (a)  a direction that the carrier implement effective administrative systems for monitoring compliance with a condition of the licence;

                     (b)  a direction that the carrier implement a system designed to give the carrier’s employees, agents and contractors a reasonable knowledge and understanding of the requirements of a condition of the licence, in so far as those requirements affect the employees, agents or contractors concerned.

             (4)  A carrier must not contravene a direction under subsection (2).

             (5)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a condition set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1 in so far as that condition relates to section 369.

Note:          Section 369 deals with Rules of Conduct under section 367.

          (5A)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a condition set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1 in so far as that condition relates to section 577AD, 577CD or 577ED.

Note:          Sections 577AD, 577CD and 577ED deal with undertakings given by Telstra.

             (6)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a condition set out in Part 3, 4 or 5 of Schedule 1.

Note:          Parts 3, 4 and 5 of Schedule 1 deal with access to network information and access to facilities.

          (6B)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the condition set out in clause 84 of Schedule 1.

Note:          Clause 84 of Schedule 1 deals with control by Telstra of certain spectrum licences.

             (7)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the condition set out in section 152AZ of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

Note:          Section 152AZ of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 deals with standard access obligations.

          (7A)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the condition set out in section 152BCO of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

Note:          Section 152BCO of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 deals with access determinations.

          (7B)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the condition set out in section 152BDF of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

Note:          Section 152BDF of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 deals with binding rules of conduct.

          (7C)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the condition set out in section 152BEC of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

Note:          Section 152BEC of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 deals with access agreements.

          (7D)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the condition set out in section 152CJC of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

Note:          Section 152CJC of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 deals with rules about the supply of services by NBN corporations.

          (7E)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the condition set out in section 37 of the National Broadband Network Companies Act 2011.

Note:          Section 37 of the National Broadband Network Companies Act 2011 deals with rules about:

(a)    the supply of goods and services by NBN corporations; and

(b)    the investment of money by NBN corporations; and

(c)    the functional separation of NBN corporations; and

(d)    the divestment of assets by NBN corporations.

           (7F)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a condition covered by section 41 of the National Broadband Network Companies Act 2011.

Note:          Section 41 of the National Broadband Network Companies Act 2011 deals with rules about the supply of services by NBN corporations.

             (8)  A direction under subsection (2) is not a legislative instrument.

69AA  Remedial directions—breach of conditions relating to access

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a carrier has contravened, or is contravening, a condition of the carrier licence held by the carrier; and

                     (b)  the condition is set out in Part 3, 4 or 5 of Schedule 1.

Note:          Parts 3, 4 and 5 of Schedule 1 deal with access to network information and access to facilities.

Direction

             (2)  The ACCC may give the carrier a written direction requiring the carrier to take specified action directed towards ensuring that the carrier does not contravene the condition, or is unlikely to contravene the condition, in the future.

             (3)  The following are examples of the kinds of direction that may be given to a carrier under subsection (2):

                     (a)  a direction that the carrier implement effective administrative systems for monitoring compliance with the condition;

                     (b)  a direction that the carrier implement a system designed to give the carrier’s employees, agents and contractors a reasonable knowledge and understanding of the requirements of the condition, in so far as those requirements affect the employees, agents or contractors concerned.

             (4)  The ACCC must not give a direction under subsection (2) if the direction would have the effect of:

                     (a)  preventing Telstra from complying with an undertaking in force under section 577A, 577C or 577E; or

                     (b)  if a final migration plan is in force—requiring Telstra to engage in conduct in connection with matters covered by the final migration plan.

             (5)  A carrier must not contravene a direction under subsection (2).

             (6)  A direction under subsection (2) is not a legislative instrument.

70  Formal warnings—breach of condition

             (1)  The ACMA may issue a formal warning if a carrier contravenes a condition of the carrier licence held by the carrier.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a condition set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1 in so far as that condition relates to section 369.

Note:          Section 369 deals with Rules of Conduct under section 367.

          (2A)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a condition set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1 in so far as that condition relates to section 577AD, 577CD or 577ED.

Note:          Sections 577AD, 577CD and 577ED deal with undertakings given by Telstra.

             (3)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a condition set out in Part 3, 4 or 5 of Schedule 1.

Note:          Parts 3, 4 and 5 of Schedule 1 deal with access to network information and access to facilities.

          (3B)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the condition set out in clause 84 of Schedule 1.

Note:          Clause 84 of Schedule 1 deals with control by Telstra of certain spectrum licences.

             (4)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the condition set out in section 152AZ of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

Note:          Section 152AZ of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 deals with standard access obligations.

          (4A)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the condition set out in section 152BCO of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

Note:          Section 152BCO of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 deals with access determinations.

          (4B)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the condition set out in section 152BDF of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

Note:          Section 152BDF of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 deals with binding rules of conduct.

          (4C)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the condition set out in section 152BEC of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

Note:          Section 152BEC of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 deals with access agreements.

          (4D)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the condition set out in section 152CJC of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

Note:          Section 152CJC of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 deals with rules about the supply of services by NBN corporations.

          (4E)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the condition set out in section 37 of the National Broadband Network Companies Act 2011.

Note:          Section 37 of the National Broadband Network Companies Act 2011 deals with rules about:

(a)    the supply of goods and services by NBN corporations; and

(b)    the investment of money by NBN corporations; and

(c)    the functional separation of NBN corporations; and

(d)    the divestment of assets by NBN corporations.

           (4F)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a condition covered by section 41 of the National Broadband Network Companies Act 2011.

Note:          Section 41 of the National Broadband Network Companies Act 2011 deals with rules about the supply of services by NBN corporations.

             (5)  The ACCC may issue a formal warning if a carrier contravenes any of the following conditions of the carrier licence held by the carrier:

                     (a)  the condition set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1 in so far as that condition relates to section 369;

                    (aa)  the condition set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1 in so far as that condition relates to section 577AD, 577CD or 577ED;

                     (b)  a condition set out in Part 3, 4 or 5 of Schedule 1;

                     (c)  the condition set out in section 152AZ of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010;

                     (d)  the condition set out in section 152BCO of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010;

                     (e)  the condition set out in section 152BDF of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010;

                      (f)  the condition set out in section 152BEC of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010;

                     (g)  the condition set out in section 152CJC of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010;

                     (h)  the condition set out in section 37 of the National Broadband Network Companies Act 2011;

                      (i)  a condition covered by section 41 of the National Broadband Network Companies Act 2011.

71  Surrender of carrier licence

                   A carrier may, by written notice given to the ACMA, surrender the carrier licence held by the carrier.

72  Cancellation of carrier licence

Failure to pay annual charge

             (1)  The ACMA may cancel a carrier licence held by a carrier if the carrier fails to pay in full any annual charge on or before the date on which the charge becomes due and payable. For this purpose, annual charge means charge imposed by Part 3 of the Telecommunications (Carrier Licence Charges) Act 1997.

Failure to pay industry levy

          (2A)  The ACMA may cancel a carrier licence held by a carrier if the carrier fails to pay in full any industry levy on or before the date on which the industry levy becomes due and payable.

Note:          Industry levy is defined by section 7 to mean levy imposed by the Telecommunications (Industry Levy) Act 2012.

Becoming a disqualified body corporate

             (3)  If the holder of a carrier licence becomes a disqualified body corporate (within the meaning of section 58), the ACMA may cancel the licence.

Becoming a disqualified partnership

             (4)  If the holder of a carrier licence becomes a disqualified partnership (within the meaning of section 58), the ACMA may cancel the licence.

Ceasing to be a constitutional corporation, eligible partnership or public body

             (5)  If, at a particular time, the holder of a carrier licence is none of the following:

                     (a)  a constitutional corporation;

                     (b)  an eligible partnership;

                     (c)  a public body;

the licence is taken to have been cancelled at that time.

Submissions relating to proposed cancellation

             (6)  The ACMA must not cancel a carrier licence under subsection (1), (2), (3) or (4) unless the ACMA has first:

                     (a)  given the carrier a written notice:

                              (i)  setting out a proposal to cancel the licence; and

                             (ii)  inviting the carrier to make a submission to the ACMA on the proposal; and

                     (b)  considered any submission that was received within the time limit specified in the notice.

Time limit

             (7)  A time limit specified in the notice under subsection (6) must run for at least 7 days.

Notification of cancellation

             (8)  If a carrier licence held by a person is cancelled, the ACMA must give written notice of the cancellation to the person.

73  Collection of charges relating to carrier licences

Definitions

             (1)  In this section:

annual charge means charge imposed by Part 3 of the Telecommunications (Carrier Licence Charges) Act 1997.

application charge means charge imposed by Part 2 of the Telecommunications (Carrier Licence Charges) Act 1997.

late payment penalty means an amount that is payable by way of penalty in accordance with a determination under subsection (4).

When application charge due and payable

             (2)  Application charge imposed on an application for a carrier licence is due and payable when the application is made.

When annual charge due and payable

             (3)  Annual charge is due and payable at the time ascertained in accordance with a written determination made by the ACMA.

Late payment penalty

             (4)  The ACMA may, by written instrument, determine that, if any annual charge payable by a person remains unpaid after the time when it became due for payment, the person is liable to pay to the Commonwealth, by way of penalty, an amount calculated at the rate of:

                     (a)  20% per annum; or

                     (b)  if the determination specifies a lower percentage—that lower percentage per annum;

on the amount unpaid, computed from that time.

Determination has effect

             (5)  A determination under subsection (4) has effect accordingly.

Remission of penalty

             (6)  A determination under subsection (4) may authorise the ACMA to make decisions about the remission of the whole or a part of an amount of late payment penalty.

Payment of charge and late payment penalty

             (7)  Annual charge, application charge and late payment penalty are payable to the ACMA on behalf of the Commonwealth.

Recovery of charge and penalty

             (8)  Annual charge, application charge and late payment penalty may be recovered by the ACMA, on behalf of the Commonwealth, as debts due to the Commonwealth.

Payment to the Commonwealth

             (9)  Amounts received by way of annual charge, application charge or late payment penalty must be paid to the Commonwealth.

Legislative instrument

           (10)  A determination under subsection (3) or (4) is a legislative instrument.

73A  Refund of application charge

             (1)  This section applies to application charge that has been paid in respect of an application for a carrier licence if:

                     (a)  the application lapses under section 58A; or

                     (b)  the application has been refused and there is no longer any possibility of the refusal decision being set aside.

             (2)  The ACMA, on behalf of the Commonwealth, must refund the application charge to the applicant.

             (3)  The Consolidated Revenue Fund is appropriated for payments under this section.

             (4)  In this section:

application charge means charge imposed by Part 2 of the Telecommunications (Carrier Licence Charges) Act 1997.

74  Collection of charges on behalf of the Commonwealth

                   The ACMA may enter into an arrangement with a person under which the person may,