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A Bill for an Act to amend the Criminal Code Act 1995, and for related purposes
Administered by: Attorney-General's
For authoritative information on the progress of bills and on amendments proposed to them, please see the House of Representatives Votes and Proceedings, and the Journals of the Senate as available on the Parliament House website.
Registered 20 Sep 2018
Introduced HR 20 Sep 2018
Table of contents.

2016‑2017‑2018

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

 

 

 

Presented and read a first time

 

 

 

 

Criminal Code Amendment (Food Contamination) Bill 2018

 

No.      , 2018

 

(Attorney‑General)

 

 

 

A Bill for an Act to amend the Criminal Code Act 1995, and for related purposes

  

  


Contents

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 1

3............ Schedules............................................................................................ 2

Schedule 1—Amendments                                                                                                3

Part 1—Contamination offences                                                                             3

Criminal Code Act 1995                                                                                            3

Part 2—Sabotage offences                                                                                       10

Criminal Code Act 1995                                                                                          10

 

 


A Bill for an Act to amend the Criminal Code Act 1995, and for related purposes

The Parliament of Australia enacts:

1  Short title

                   This Act is the Criminal Code Amendment (Food Contamination) Act 2018.

2  Commencement

             (1)  Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Commencement information

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Provisions

Commencement

Date/Details

1.  The whole of this Act

The day after this Act receives the Royal Assent.

 

Note:          This table relates only to the provisions of this Act as originally enacted. It will not be amended to deal with any later amendments of this Act.

             (2)  Any information in column 3 of the table is not part of this Act. Information may be inserted in this column, or information in it may be edited, in any published version of this Act.

3  Schedules

                   Legislation that is specified in a Schedule to this Act is amended or repealed as set out in the applicable items in the Schedule concerned, and any other item in a Schedule to this Act has effect according to its terms.

Schedule 1Amendments

Part 1Contamination offences

Criminal Code Act 1995

1  Subsection 380.2(1) of the Criminal Code (heading)

Omit “Offence”, substitute “Offences”.

2  Subsection 380.2(1) of the Criminal Code (penalty)

Omit “10 years”, substitute “15 years”.

3  After subsection 380.2(1) of the Criminal Code

Insert:

          (1A)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person contaminates goods; and

                     (b)  the person does so reckless as to:

                              (i)  causing public alarm or anxiety in Australia; or

                             (ii)  causing widespread, or nationally significant, economic loss in Australia through public awareness of the contamination, or possible contamination, of the goods; or

                            (iii)  causing harm to, or creating a risk of harm to, public health in Australia.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 10 years.

4  Subsection 380.2(2) of the Criminal Code (penalty)

Omit “10 years”, substitute “15 years”.

5  After subsection 380.2(2) of the Criminal Code

Insert:

          (2A)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person contaminates goods; and

                     (b)  the person does so reckless as to causing:

                              (i)  public alarm or anxiety; or

                             (ii)  economic loss through public awareness of the contamination, or possible contamination, of the goods; and

                     (c)  any of the following subparagraphs applies:

                              (i)  the loss is a loss to a constitutional corporation (other than a foreign corporation within the meaning of paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution);

                             (ii)  the loss is a loss to a constitutional corporation that is a foreign corporation within the meaning of paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution and the goods have been produced, manufactured, assembled or otherwise processed in Australia;

                            (iii)  the goods belong to a constitutional corporation (other than a foreign corporation within the meaning of paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution);

                            (iv)  the goods belong to a constitutional corporation that is a foreign corporation within the meaning of paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution and the goods have been produced, manufactured, assembled or otherwise processed in Australia;

                             (v)  the person is a constitutional corporation (other than a foreign corporation within the meaning of paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution);

                            (vi)  the person is a constitutional corporation that is a foreign corporation within the meaning of paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution and the goods have been produced, manufactured, assembled or otherwise processed in Australia;

                           (vii)  the loss takes the form of detriment to constitutional trade and commerce;

                          (viii)  the goods are in the course of, or intended for, constitutional trade and commerce;

                            (ix)  the contamination occurs outside Australia and the goods have been produced, manufactured, assembled or otherwise processed in Australia;

                             (x)  the loss is a loss to the Commonwealth or a Commonwealth authority.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 10 years.

6  Subsection 380.2(3) of the Criminal Code

Omit “paragraph (2)(c)”, substitute “paragraphs (2)(c) and (2A)(c)”.

7  Subsection 380.3(1) of the Criminal Code (heading)

Omit “Offence”, substitute “Offences”.

8  Subsection 380.3(1) of the Criminal Code (penalty)

Omit “10 years”, substitute “15 years”.

9  After subsection 380.3(1) of the Criminal Code

Insert:

          (1A)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person makes a threat that goods will be contaminated; and

                     (b)  the person does so reckless as to:

                              (i)  causing public alarm or anxiety in Australia; or

                             (ii)  causing widespread, or nationally significant, economic loss in Australia through public awareness of the contamination, or possible contamination, of the goods; or

                            (iii)  causing harm to, or creating a risk of harm to, public health in Australia.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 10 years.

10  Subsection 380.3(2) of the Criminal Code (penalty)

Omit “10 years”, substitute “15 years”.

11  After subsection 380.3(2) of the Criminal Code

Insert:

          (2A)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person makes a threat that goods will be contaminated; and

                     (b)  the person does so reckless as to causing:

                              (i)  public alarm or anxiety; or

                             (ii)  economic loss through public awareness of the contamination, or possible contamination, of the goods; and

                     (c)  any of the following subparagraphs applies:

                              (i)  the loss is a loss to a constitutional corporation (other than a foreign corporation within the meaning of paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution);

                             (ii)  the loss is a loss to a constitutional corporation that is a foreign corporation within the meaning of paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution and the goods have been produced, manufactured, assembled or otherwise processed in Australia;

                            (iii)  the goods belong to a constitutional corporation (other than a foreign corporation within the meaning of paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution);

                            (iv)  the goods belong to a constitutional corporation that is a foreign corporation within the meaning of paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution and the goods have been produced, manufactured, assembled or otherwise processed in Australia;

                             (v)  the person is a constitutional corporation (other than a foreign corporation within the meaning of paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution);

                            (vi)  the person is a constitutional corporation that is a foreign corporation within the meaning of paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution and the goods have been produced, manufactured, assembled or otherwise processed in Australia;

                           (vii)  the loss takes the form of detriment to constitutional trade and commerce;

                          (viii)  the goods are in the course of, or intended for, constitutional trade and commerce;

                            (ix)  the person makes the threat in Australia using a postal or other like service or an electronic communication;

                             (x)  the person makes the threat outside Australia and the goods have been produced, manufactured, assembled or otherwise processed in Australia;

                            (xi)  the loss is a loss to the Commonwealth or a Commonwealth authority;

                           (xii)  the threat is made to the Commonwealth or a Commonwealth authority.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 10 years.

12  Subsection 380.3(3) of the Criminal Code

Omit “paragraph (2)(c)”, substitute “paragraphs (2)(c) and (2A)(c)”.

13  Subsection 380.4(1) of the Criminal Code (heading)

Omit “Offence”, substitute “Offences”.

14  Subsection 380.4(1) of the Criminal Code (penalty)

Omit “10 years”, substitute “15 years”.

15  After subsection 380.4(1) of the Criminal Code

Insert:

          (1A)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person makes a statement that the person believes to be false; and

                     (b)  the person does so with the intention of inducing the person to whom the statement is made or others to believe that goods have been contaminated; and

                     (c)  the person does so reckless as to:

                              (i)  causing public alarm or anxiety in Australia; or

                             (ii)  causing widespread, or nationally significant, economic loss in Australia through public awareness of the contamination, or possible contamination, of the goods; or

                            (iii)  causing harm to, or creating a risk of harm to, public health in Australia.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 10 years.

16  Subsection 380.4(2) of the Criminal Code (heading)

Omit “Offence”, substitute “Offences”.

17  Subsection 380.4(2) of the Criminal Code (penalty)

Omit “10 years”, substitute “15 years”.

18  After subsection 380.4(2) of the Criminal Code

Insert:

          (2A)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person makes a statement that the person believes to be false; and

                     (b)  the person does so with the intention of inducing the person to whom the statement is made or others to believe that goods have been contaminated; and

                     (c)  the person does so reckless as to causing:

                              (i)  public alarm or anxiety; or

                             (ii)  economic loss through public awareness of the contamination, or possible contamination, of the goods; and

                     (d)  any of the following subparagraphs applies:

                              (i)  the loss is a loss to a constitutional corporation (other than a foreign corporation within the meaning of paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution);

                             (ii)  the loss is a loss to a constitutional corporation that is a foreign corporation within the meaning of paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution and the goods have been produced, manufactured, assembled or otherwise processed in Australia;

                            (iii)  the goods belong to a constitutional corporation (other than a foreign corporation within the meaning of paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution);

                            (iv)  the goods belong to a constitutional corporation that is a foreign corporation within the meaning of paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution and the goods have been produced, manufactured, assembled or otherwise processed in Australia;

                             (v)  the person is a constitutional corporation (other than a foreign corporation within the meaning of paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution);

                            (vi)  the person is a constitutional corporation that is a foreign corporation within the meaning of paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution and the goods have been produced, manufactured, assembled or otherwise processed in Australia;

                           (vii)  the loss takes the form of detriment to constitutional trade and commerce;

                          (viii)  the goods are in the course of, or intended for, constitutional trade and commerce;

                            (ix)  the person makes the statement in Australia using a postal or other like service or an electronic communication;

                             (x)  the person makes the statement outside Australia and the goods have been produced, manufactured, assembled or otherwise processed in Australia;

                            (xi)  the loss is a loss to the Commonwealth or a Commonwealth authority;

                           (xii)  the statement is made to the Commonwealth or a Commonwealth authority.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 10 years.

19  Subsection 380.4(3) of the Criminal Code

Omit “paragraph (2)(d)”, substitute “paragraphs (2)(d) and (2A)(d)”.

20  Section 380.5 of the Criminal Code

Omit “subsection 380.2(1) or (2), 380.3(1) or (2) or 380.4(1) or (2)”, substitute “section 380.2, 380.3 or 380.4”.

Part 2Sabotage offences

Criminal Code Act 1995

21  Subparagraph 82.2(1)(e)(i) of the Criminal Code

After “of any kind”, insert “, or relates to food (within the meaning of the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991) intended for the public”.

22  At the end of subsection 82.2(1) of the Criminal Code

Add:

                    ; (f)  food (within the meaning of the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991) that:

                              (i)  is intended for the public; and

                             (ii)  is produced, distributed or sold by a constitutional corporation or for the purposes of, or in the course of, constitutional trade and commerce.

23  At the end of subsection 82.2(3) of the Criminal Code

Add:

             ; and (c)  in relation to public infrastructure within the meaning of paragraph (1)(f)—to the element that the food is produced, distributed or sold by a constitutional corporation or for the purposes of, or in the course of, constitutional trade and commerce.