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Civil Law and Justice Legislation Amendment Act 2018

Authoritative Version
  • - C2018A00130
  • In force - Latest Version
Act No. 130 of 2018 as made
An Act to amend various Acts relating to law and justice, and for related purposes
Administered by: Attorney-General's
Originating Bill: Civil Law and Justice Legislation Amendment Bill 2017
Registered 26 Oct 2018
Date of Assent 25 Oct 2018
Table of contents.

Commonwealth Coat of Arms of Australia

 

 

 

 

 

 

Civil Law and Justice Legislation Amendment Act 2018

 

No. 130, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

An Act to amend various Acts relating to law and justice, and for related purposes

  

  


Contents

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 2

3............ Schedules............................................................................................ 3

Schedule 1—Amendment of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901                  4

Acts Interpretation Act 1901                                                                                     4

Schedule 2—Amendment of the Archives Act 1983                                         5

Part 1—Access to records                                                                                           5

Archives Act 1983                                                                                                        5

Part 2—Other amendments                                                                                      10

Archives Act 1983                                                                                                      10

Schedule 3—Amendment of the Bankruptcy Act 1966                                11

Bankruptcy Act 1966                                                                                                11

Schedule 4—Amendment of the Domicile Act 1982                                       12

Domicile Act 1982                                                                                                     12

Schedule 5—Amendment of the Evidence Act 1995                                      13

Evidence Act 1995                                                                                                     13

Schedule 6—Amendment of the Family Law Act 1975                                14

Part 1—Main amendments                                                                                       14

Family Law Act 1975                                                                                                14

Part 2—Amendments commencing up to 6 months after Royal Assent 24

Division 1—Offence of retaining child overseas                                                  24

Family Law Act 1975                                                                                                24

Division 2—Other amendments                                                                              31

Family Law Act 1975                                                                                                31

Part 3—Renumbering Part VIIIB of the Family Law Act 1975          33

Division 1—Renumbering Part VIIIB of the Family Law Act 1975                33

Family Law Act 1975                                                                                                33

Division 2—Consequential amendments of the Family Law Act 1975          35

Family Law Act 1975                                                                                                35

Division 3—Consequential amendments of other Acts: definitions                37

Defence Force Retirement and Death Benefits Act 1973                                   37

Defence Forces Retirement Benefits Act 1948                                                     37

Governor‑General Act 1974                                                                                    37

Judges’ Pensions Act 1968                                                                                      37

Parliamentary Contributory Superannuation Act 1948                                   38

Superannuation Act 1922                                                                                        38

Superannuation Act 1976                                                                                        38

Division 4—Consequential amendments of other Acts: other amendments 38

Income Tax Assessment Act 1997                                                                            38

Superannuation (Unclaimed Money and Lost Members) Act 1999                 38

Schedule 7—Amendment of the International Arbitration Act 1974  39

International Arbitration Act 1974                                                                       39

Schedule 8—Amendment of the Legislation Act 2003                                  42

Legislation Act 2003                                                                                                 42

Schedule 9—Amendment of the Marriage Act 1961                                      44

Marriage Act 1961                                                                                                    44

Schedule 10—Amendment of the Sex Discrimination Act 1984              55

Sex Discrimination Act 1984                                                                                   55

 


Commonwealth Coat of Arms of Australia

 

 

Civil Law and Justice Legislation Amendment Act 2018

No. 130, 2018

 

 

 

An Act to amend various Acts relating to law and justice, and for related purposes

[Assented to 25 October 2018]

The Parliament of Australia enacts:

1  Short title

                   This Act is the Civil Law and Justice Legislation Amendment Act 2018.

2  Commencement

             (1)  Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Commencement information

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Provisions

Commencement

Date/Details

1.  Sections 1 to 3 and anything in this Act not elsewhere covered by this table

The day this Act receives the Royal Assent.

25 October 2018

2.  Schedule 1

The day after this Act receives the Royal Assent.

26 October 2018

3.  Schedule 2, Part 1

A single day to be fixed by Proclamation.

However, if the provisions do not commence within the period of 6 months beginning on the day this Act receives the Royal Assent, they commence on the day after the end of that period.

 

4.  Schedule 2, Part 2

The day after this Act receives the Royal Assent.

26 October 2018

5.  Schedule 3

The day after this Act receives the Royal Assent.

26 October 2018

6.  Schedule 4

The day after the end of the period of 3 months beginning on the day this Act receives the Royal Assent.

25 January 2019

7.  Schedule 5

The day after this Act receives the Royal Assent.

26 October 2018

8.  Schedule 6, Part 1

The day after this Act receives the Royal Assent.

26 October 2018

9.  Schedule 6, Part 2

A day or days to be fixed by Proclamation.

However, if any of the provisions do not commence within the period of 6 months beginning on the day this Act receives the Royal Assent, they commence on the day after the end of that period.

 

10.  Schedule 6, Part 3

The 28th day after this Act receives the Royal Assent.

22 November 2018

11.  Schedules 7 to 10

The day after this Act receives the Royal Assent.

26 October 2018

Note:          This table relates only to the provisions of this Act as originally enacted. It will not be amended to deal with any later amendments of this Act.

             (2)  Any information in column 3 of the table is not part of this Act. Information may be inserted in this column, or information in it may be edited, in any published version of this Act.

3  Schedules

                   Legislation that is specified in a Schedule to this Act is amended or repealed as set out in the applicable items in the Schedule concerned, and any other item in a Schedule to this Act has effect according to its terms.

Schedule 1Amendment of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901

  

Acts Interpretation Act 1901

1  Section 1A

Omit:

      (d)     sections 19 to 20 (which deal generally with references to Ministers and Departments in Acts, and with the effect of machinery of government changes on references to Ministers and Departments and other authorities in Acts and Commonwealth agreements).

substitute:

      (d)     sections 19 to 20 (which deal generally with references to Ministers and Departments in Acts, with the effect of machinery of government changes on references to Ministers and Departments and other authorities in Acts and Commonwealth agreements, and with the validity of acts done by Ministers).

2  Subsection 19D(1)

Omit “The”, substitute “Subject to section 19E, the”.

3  After section 19D

Insert:

19E  Validity of acts done by Ministers

                   If a Minister purports to exercise a power or perform a function or duty that is conferred or imposed on another Minister by an Act, the exercise of that power or the performance of that function or duty is not invalid merely because the power, function or duty is conferred or imposed on the other Minister.

Schedule 2Amendment of the Archives Act 1983

Part 1Access to records

Archives Act 1983

1  Section 40 (heading)

Repeal the heading, substitute:

40  Applications for access to records

2  Before subsection 40(1)

Insert:

Applications to which this section applies

3  At the end of subsection 40(1)

Add:

Note:          A determination under section 40B (applications made by persons acting in concert etc.) may have the effect that the application is taken to have been made by someone other than the person who actually made it.

4  Before subsection 40(2)

Insert:

Assistance to make applications

5  Subsections 40(3) and (4)

Repeal the subsections, substitute:

Timeframe for making decision on application

             (3)  The Archives must take all reasonable steps to notify the applicant of a decision on an application to which this section applies:

                     (a)  as soon as practicable after the day the application is received by the Archives; and

                     (b)  before the end of the consideration period for the application under section 40A.

Notice of decision relating to refusal to grant access

6  Before subsection 40(8)

Insert:

Effect of delay in dealing with application

7  Paragraph 40(8)(b)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (b)  the consideration period for the application under section 40A has ended; and

8  Subsection 40(9)

Omit “expiration of the period referred to in subsection (8)”, substitute “end of the consideration period for the application under section 40A”.

9  Subsection 40(9)

Omit “that subsection”, substitute “subsection (8)”.

10  Subsection 40(10)

Omit “expiration of the period referred to in subsection (8)”, substitute “end of the consideration period for the application under section 40A”.

11  At the end of Division 3 of Part V

Add:

40A  Consideration period for applications for access to records

             (1)  The consideration period for an application to which section 40 applies is the period starting on the day after the application is received by the Archives and ending:

                     (a)  subject to paragraph (b), at the end of the shorter of the following periods (the initial period):

                              (i)  90 business days;

                             (ii)  a period of business days prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this subparagraph; or

                     (b)  if the initial period is extended on one or more occasions under this section—at the end of the initial period as so extended.

Extending the initial period—by agreement with applicant

             (2)  The Director‑General may, with the applicant’s written agreement and before the end of the consideration period, by written notice given to the applicant extend the application’s initial period (including that period as previously extended under this section) by a specified number of business days.

             (3)  If the Director‑General requests the applicant to enter into an agreement for the purposes of subsection (2), the Director‑General must inform the applicant that he or she is not obliged to comply with the request.

Extending the initial period—number of items exceeds the application cap

             (4)  The Director‑General may, before the end of the consideration period, by written notice given to the applicant extend the application’s initial period (including that period as previously extended under this section) by a specified number of business days, if the Director‑General reasonably believes that:

                     (a)  the applicant has made one or more applications for which the consideration period has not ended; and

                     (b)  the number of items that describe the records covered by those one or more applications exceeds the following number:

                              (i)  unless subparagraph (ii) applies—25;

                             (ii)  if the regulations prescribe a larger number for the purposes of this subparagraph—that larger number.

             (5)  For the purposes of paragraph (4)(b), an item is the smallest discrete unit used by the Archives to describe a record in a series for purposes related to the care, management or retrieval of the record.

Example:    For records in a file:

(a)    if the file is divided into parts—each of the parts is a separate item; and

(b)    if the file is not divided into parts—the file is a single item.

Limit on extensions under subsection (4)

             (6)  A particular extension under subsection (4) must not have the effect that an application’s initial period is extended under that subsection by more than the number of business days worked out using the following formula (rounding up to the nearest whole number):

where:

application cap means the number applicable under subparagraph (4)(b)(i) or (ii).

items requested means the number of items that the Director‑General reasonably believes describe the records covered by the one or more applications mentioned in paragraph (4)(b) in relation to the extension.

unextended initial period means the number of business days in the initial period under subparagraph (1)(a)(i) or (ii), disregarding any extensions under this section.

Varying or revoking extensions under subsection (4)

             (7)  The Director‑General may vary or revoke an extension under subsection (4) by written notice given to the applicant before the end of the period of the extension. This subsection does not limit subsection 33(3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (8)  For the purposes of applying subsection (6) in relation to an extension that is varied under subsection (7), the number of items mentioned in paragraph (4)(b) is to be determined on the basis of applications made by the applicant as at the time of the variation.

Matters to be taken into account for extensions under subsection (4)

             (9)  The Director‑General must take into account the matters (if any) prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this subsection in:

                     (a)  extending an application’s initial period under subsection (4); or

                     (b)  varying an extension under that subsection.

40B  Applications for access to records made by persons acting in concert etc.

             (1)  The Director‑General may, by writing, determine that an application to which section 40 applies that was made by a person (the first person) is taken for the purposes of this Act to have been made by another person if the Director‑General reasonably suspects that the first person:

                     (a)  acts, or is accustomed to act; or

                     (b)  under a contract or an arrangement or understanding (whether formal or informal) is intended or expected to act;

in accordance with the directions, instructions or wishes of, or in concert with, the other person in relation to the making of such applications.

             (2)  The determination has effect accordingly.

             (3)  The Director‑General must give written notice of the determination to both of the persons mentioned in subsection (1).

12  Paragraph 42(2)(b)

Omit “as expeditiously as practicable, give notice to the applicant of the decision reached on the reconsideration”, substitute “give notice to the applicant of the decision on the reconsideration as soon as practicable, and within 30 business days, after the day the application for the reconsideration is received by the Archives”.

13  Paragraph 43(3)(b)

Omit “14 days”, substitute “30 business days”.

14  Application of amendments

(1)       Sections 40, 40A and 40B of the Archives Act 1983, as in force after the commencement of this item, apply in relation to an application made after that commencement.

(2)       Paragraphs 42(2)(b) and 43(3)(b) of the Archives Act 1983, as in force after the commencement of this item, apply in relation to an application under section 42 of that Act for a reconsideration of a decision if the application for the reconsideration is made after that commencement.

Part 2Other amendments

Archives Act 1983

15  Subsection 3(1) (definition of Commonwealth record)

Omit “or is a register or guide maintained in accordance with Part VIII”.

16  Subsection 17(4)

After “Council” (second occurring), insert “for the time being holding office”.

17  Paragraph 40(1)(d)

Omit “the Australian National Guide to Archival Material”, substitute “any index or guide published by the Archives”.

18  Application of amendment—particulars of records to be provided in application

Paragraph 40(1)(d) of the Archives Act 1983, as in force after the commencement of this item, applies in relation to an application made after that commencement.

19  Part VIII

Repeal the Part.

Schedule 3Amendment of the Bankruptcy Act 1966

  

Bankruptcy Act 1966

1  After subparagraph 35(1)(b)(ii)

Insert:

                           (iia)  an applicant for an order under subsection 90K(1) or (3) of the Family Law Act 1975 in relation to the setting aside of a financial agreement of the parties to the marriage; or

2  After subparagraph 35(1A)(b)(ii)

Insert:

                           (iia)  an applicant for an order under subsection 90UM(1) or (6) of the Family Law Act 1975 in relation to the setting aside of a Part VIIIAB financial agreement of the parties to the de facto relationship; or

Schedule 4Amendment of the Domicile Act 1982

  

Domicile Act 1982

1  Subsection 3(6)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (6)  This Act applies to the following Territories:

                     (a)  the Australian Capital Territory;

                     (b)  Norfolk Island;

                     (c)  the Jervis Bay Territory;

                     (d)  the Territory of Christmas Island;

                     (e)  the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands;

                      (f)  any external Territory declared by the regulations to be a Territory to which this Act extends.

Schedule 5Amendment of the Evidence Act 1995

  

Evidence Act 1995

1  Subsection 160(1)

Omit “fourth”, substitute “seventh”.

2  Application of amendment

The amendment of section 160 of the Evidence Act 1995 made by this Schedule applies in relation to postal articles sent after this item commences.

Schedule 6Amendment of the Family Law Act 1975

Part 1Main amendments

Family Law Act 1975

1  Subsection 4(1)

Insert:

bankrupt: see subsection (6).

conveyance includes a vehicle, a vessel and an aircraft.

dwelling house includes a conveyance, or a room in accommodation, in which people ordinarily retire for the night.

2  Subsection 4(1) (definition of Registry Manager)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

Registry Manager means:

                     (a)  for the Family Court—the Registry Manager of a Registry of the Court or any other appropriate officer or staff member of the Court; or

                     (b)  for any other court—the principal officer of the court or any other appropriate officer or staff member of the court.

3  Subsection 4(1) (definition of warrant issued under a provision of this Act)

Repeal the definition.

3A  At the end of section 4

Add:

             (6)  A reference in this Act to a person, being a party to a marriage or a party to a de facto relationship, who is bankrupt includes a reference to a person:

                     (a)  who has been discharged from bankruptcy; and

                     (b)  whose property remains vested in the bankruptcy trustee under the Bankruptcy Act 1966.

Note:          This Act might refer to “bankrupt” or a “bankrupt party”.

3B  Application of amendments

Subsection 4(6) of the Family Law Act 1975, as inserted by this Part, applies in relation to proceedings instituted before, on or after the commencement of this Part.

4  At the end of section 10B

Add:

               ; or (c)  one or more persons who may apply for a parenting order under section 65C to deal with issues relating to the care of children.

5  Paragraph 10F(a)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (a)  in which a family dispute resolution practitioner:

                              (i)  helps people affected, or likely to be affected, by separation or divorce to resolve some or all of their disputes with each other; or

                             (ii)  helps persons who may apply for a parenting order under section 65C to resolve some or all of their disputes with each other relating to the care of children; and

6  Subsection 11C(3)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (3)  Despite subsection (2), a thing said or admission made is admissible even if the person who said the thing or made the admission had not been informed of the effect of subsection (1), if:

                     (a)  the thing was said or the admission was made by a person (including a child under 18) indicating that a child under 18 has been abused or is at risk of abuse; and

                     (b)  for a thing or admission that was obtained improperly or in contravention, or in consequence of an impropriety or of a contravention, of an Australian law—the evidence is admissible under section 138 of the Evidence Act 1995;

unless, in the opinion of the court, sufficient evidence of the thing said or the admission made is available to the court from other sources.

Note:          A thing that is said, or an admission that is made, by a child under 18 may relate to the child him or herself, or another child under 18.

7  Application of amendments

The amendment of section 11C of the Family Law Act 1975 made by this Part applies in relation to a thing said or an admission made if the thing or admission is to be admitted, after this item commences, into proceedings (whether those proceedings are instituted before or after that time).

8  After subsection 21(2)

Insert:

          (2A)  The Court is, and is taken always to have been, a court of law and equity.

9  Subsection 36(1)

Omit “(1)”.

10  Subsection 36(2)

Repeal the subsection.

11  At the end of Division 4 of Part IVA

Add:

38Z  Protection of Registrars conducting conferences about property matters

             (1)  In conducting a conference that:

                     (a)  is with the parties to property settlement proceedings; and

                     (b)  relates to the matter to which the proceedings relate;

a Registrar of the Family Court, of the Federal Circuit Court or of a Family Court of a State has the same protection and immunity as a Judge of the Family Court has in performing the functions of a Judge.

Note:          Registrar is defined in subsection 4(1).

             (2)  This section does not limit any other protection or immunity such a Registrar has (in relation to such a conference or otherwise).

12  Subsection 39(6) (note)

Repeal the note.

13  Before subsection 44(1A)

Insert:

Proceedings in relation to marriages

14  Before subsection 44(1B)

Insert:

Limitation on applications for divorce orders within 2 years of marriage

15  Subsection 44(2)

Repeal the subsection.

16  Before subsection 44(3)

Insert:

Limitation on applications relating to certain maintenance and property proceedings

17  Subsection 44(5)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

Proceedings in relation to de facto relationships

             (5)  Subject to subsection (6), a party to a de facto relationship may apply for an order under section 90SE, 90SG or 90SM, or a declaration under section 90SL, only if:

                     (a)  the application is made within the period (the standard application period) of:

                              (i)  2 years after the end of the de facto relationship; or

                             (ii)  12 months after a financial agreement between the parties to the de facto relationship was set aside, or found to be invalid, as the case may be; or

                     (b)  both parties to the de facto relationship consent to the application.

          (5A)  However, if proceedings are instituted by an application made with the consent of both of the parties to the de facto relationship, the court may dismiss the proceedings if it is satisfied that, because the consent was obtained by fraud, duress or unconscionable conduct, allowing the proceedings to continue would amount to a miscarriage of justice.

18  Application of amendments

(1)       The amendments of section 44 of the Family Law Act 1975 made by this Part apply in relation to applications made after this item commences.

(2)       The repeal of subsection 44(2) of the Family Law Act 1975 by this Part also applies in relation to any application made before this item commences if the respondent to the application has not filed a response to the application before that time.

21  Section 67Q (note 1)

Omit “Section 122AA authorises the use of reasonable force”, substitute “Section 122A deals with the use of reasonable force by certain persons”.

22  Subsection 67Z(4) (definition of Registry Manager)

Repeal the definition.

23  Subsection 67ZBA(4) (definition of Registry Manager)

Repeal the definition.

24  At the end of subsection 69ZH(2)

Add:

Note:          The provisions mentioned in this subsection are generally expressed in terms of children, without distinguishing between children of marriages and ex‑nuptial children. This section does not limit the operation of those provisions, but provides for an alternative constitutional basis (relying on paragraphs 51(xxi) and (xxii) of the Constitution), so those provisions can at least operate in relation to children of marriages even if they cannot also operate in relation to ex‑nuptial children.

25  Section 116C

Repeal the section.

26  Subsection 117(2)

Omit “and (5)”, substitute “, (5) and (6)”.

27  Before subsection 117(3)

Insert:

Costs of independent children’s lawyer

28  Before subsection 117(4A)

Insert:

Limit on orders relating to intervention under section 91B

29  Before subsection 117(5)

Insert:

Funding of independent children’s lawyer not to affect costs order

30  At the end of section 117

Add:

Limit on orders against guardians ad litem

             (6)  The court must not make an order under subsection (2) against a guardian ad litem unless the court is satisfied that one or more acts or omissions of the guardian relating to the proceedings are unreasonable or have delayed the proceedings unreasonably.

31  Application of amendments

The amendments of section 117 of the Family Law Act 1975 made by this Part apply in relation to persons who become guardians ad litem in proceedings on or after the commencement of this Part, whether the proceedings were instituted before, on or after that commencement.

32  Subsection 117C(2)

Omit “the fact that the offer has been made, or the terms of the offer,”, substitute “the terms of the offer”.

33  Subsection 117C(3)

Repeal the subsection.

34  Application of amendments

The amendments of section 117C of the Family Law Act 1975 made by this Part apply in relation to offers made before, on or after the commencement of this Part.

35  Sections 122AA and 122A

Repeal the sections, substitute:

122A  Making arrests under this Act or warrants

Application

             (1)  This section and section 122AA apply to any of the following persons (the arrester) who is authorised by this Act, or by a warrant issued under this Act, the standard Rules of Court or the related Federal Circuit Court Rules, to arrest another person (the arrestee):

                     (a)  the Marshal of the Family Court;

                     (b)  a Deputy Marshal of the Family Court;

                     (c)  the Sheriff of the Federal Circuit Court;

                     (d)  a Deputy Sheriff of the Federal Circuit Court;

                     (e)  the Sheriff of a court of a State or Territory;

                      (f)  a Deputy Sheriff of a court of a State or Territory;

                     (g)  a police officer;

                      (i)  an APS employee in the Department administered by the Minister administering the Australian Border Force Act 2015 and who is in the Australian Border Force (within the meaning of that Act).

Use of force

             (2)  In the course of arresting the arrestee, the arrester:

                     (a)  must not use more force, or subject the arrestee to greater indignity, than is necessary and reasonable to make the arrest or to prevent the arrestee’s escape after the arrest; and

                     (b)  must not do anything that is likely to cause the death of, or grievous bodily harm to, the arrestee unless the arrester reasonably believes that doing that thing is necessary to protect life or prevent serious injury to another person (including the arrester); and

                     (c)  if the arrestee is attempting to escape arrest by fleeing—must not do a thing described in paragraph (b) unless:

                              (i)  the arrester reasonably believes that doing that thing is necessary to protect life or prevent serious injury to another person (including the arrester); and

                             (ii)  the arrestee has, if practicable, been called on to surrender and the arrester reasonably believes that the arrestee cannot be arrested in any other way.

Informing the arrestee of grounds for arrest

             (3)  When arresting the arrestee, the arrester must inform the arrestee of the grounds for the arrest.

             (4)  It is sufficient if the arrestee is informed of the substance of those grounds, not necessarily in precise or technical language.

             (5)  Subsection (3) does not apply if:

                     (a)  it is reasonable, in the circumstances, to assume that the arrestee knows the substance of the grounds for the arrest; or

                     (b)  the arrestee’s actions make it impracticable for the arrester to inform the arrestee of those grounds.

122AA  Powers to enter and search premises, and stop conveyances, for making arrests under this Act or warrants

Power to enter premises

             (1)  If the arrester (see subsection 122A(1)) reasonably believes the arrestee (see that subsection) is on premises, the arrester may enter the premises, using such force as is necessary and reasonable in the circumstances, at any time of the day or night for the purpose of searching the premises for the arrestee or arresting the arrestee.

             (2)  However, the arrester must not enter a dwelling house between 9 pm one day and 6 am the next day unless he or she reasonably believes that it would not be practicable to arrest the arrestee there or elsewhere at another time.

Power to stop and detain conveyance

             (3)  If the arrester may enter and search a conveyance under subsection (1) (disregarding subsection (2)), the arrester may, for the purposes of effecting the entry and search, stop and detain the conveyance.

Note:          The reference in subsection (1) to premises covers a conveyance: see subsection (5).

Rules about stopping, detaining, entering and searching conveyances

             (4)  If the arrester stops, detains, enters or searches a conveyance under this section for the purposes of arresting the arrestee, the arrester:

                     (a)  may use such assistance as is necessary; and

                     (b)  must search the conveyance in a public place or in some other place to which members of the public have ready access; and

                     (c)  must not detain the conveyance for longer than is necessary and reasonable to search it; and

                     (d)  may use such force as is necessary and reasonable in the circumstances, but must not damage the conveyance by forcing open a part of the conveyance unless:

                              (i)  the person (if any) apparently in charge of the conveyance has been given a reasonable opportunity to open that part; or

                             (ii)  it is not possible to give that person such an opportunity.

Definition of premises

             (5)  In this section:

premises includes a place and a conveyance.

36  Application of amendments

Sections 122A and 122AA of the Family Law Act 1975, as inserted by this Part, apply in relation to arrests:

                     (a)  authorised by the Family Law Act 1975 on or after the commencement of this Part; or

                     (b)  authorised by warrants issued on or after that commencement.

37  Subsection 124(1)

Omit “in accordance with this section”, substitute “by the Chief Justice of the Family Court of Australia”.

38  Subsection 124(3)

Repeal the subsection.

39  Subsection 124(4)

Omit “with the Governor of the State under section 112”, substitute “under section 122B”.

40  Subsection 124(6)

Omit “Governor‑General”, substitute “Chief Justice of the Family Court of Australia”.

41  Application of amendments

(1)       The amendments of subsections 124(1), (3) and (4) of the Family Law Act 1975 made by this Part apply in relation to an appointment of a person as a member of the Rules Advisory Committee made after this item commences.

(2)       The amendment of subsection 124(6) of the Family Law Act 1975 made by this Part applies in relation to any appointment of a person as a member of the Rules Advisory Committee (whether the appointment is made before or after this item commences).

Part 2Amendments commencing up to 6 months after Royal Assent

Division 1—Offence of retaining child overseas

Family Law Act 1975

42  Subsection 65X(2)

After “65Z”, insert “, 65ZAA”.

43  Subsection 65X(2)

After “65Y”, insert “, 65YA”.

44  Section 65Y

Repeal the section, substitute:

65Y  Obligations if certain parenting orders have been made: taking or sending a child outside Australia

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  a parenting order to which this Subdivision applies is in force in relation to a child; and

                     (b)  the person takes or sends the child from Australia to a place outside Australia; and

                     (c)  the child is not taken or sent from Australia to a place outside Australia:

                              (i)  with the consent in writing (authenticated as prescribed) of each person in whose favour the parenting order was made; or

                             (ii)  in accordance with an order of a court made, under this Part or under a law of a State or Territory, at the time of, or after, the making of the parenting order; and

                     (d)  the person:

                              (i)  is or was a party to the proceedings in which the parenting order was made; or

                             (ii)  is acting on behalf of, or at the request of, a person who is or was a party to the proceedings in which the parenting order was made.

Note:          The ancillary offence provisions of the Criminal Code, including section 11.1 (attempts), apply in relation to the offence created by this section.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 3 years.

Exception

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if:

                     (a)  the person (whether or not the person is or was the party to the proceedings) takes or sends the child from Australia to a place outside Australia because the person believes the conduct is necessary to prevent family violence; and

                     (b)  the conduct is reasonable in the circumstances as the person perceives them.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in this subsection (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

45  After section 65Y

Insert:

65YA  Obligations if certain parenting orders have been made: retaining a child outside Australia

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  a parenting order to which this Subdivision applies is in force in relation to a child; and

                     (b)  the child has been taken or sent from Australia to a place outside Australia, by or on behalf of a party to the proceedings in which the parenting order was made:

                              (i)  with the consent in writing (authenticated as prescribed) of each person in whose favour the parenting order was made; or

                             (ii)  in accordance with an order of a court made, under this Part or under a law of a State or Territory, at the time, or after, the parenting order was made; and

                     (c)  the person retains the child outside Australia otherwise than in accordance with a consent or order of a kind mentioned in paragraph (b) (whether or not the person took or sent the child as mentioned in that paragraph); and

                     (d)  the person:

                              (i)  was a party to the proceedings in which the parenting order was made; or

                             (ii)  is retaining the child on behalf of, or at the request of, such a party.

Note:          The ancillary offence provisions of the Criminal Code, including section 11.1 (attempt), apply in relation to the offence created by this section.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 3 years.

Exception

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if:

                     (a)  the person (whether or not the person was the party to the proceedings) retains the child as mentioned in paragraph (1)(c) because the person believes the conduct is necessary to prevent family violence; and

                     (b)  the conduct is reasonable in the circumstances as the person perceives them.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in this subsection (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

46  Section 65Z

Repeal the section, substitute:

65Z  Obligations if proceedings for the making of certain parenting orders are pending: taking or sending a child outside Australia

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  proceedings (the Part VII proceedings) are pending for the making of a parenting order to which this Subdivision applies in relation to a child; and

                     (b)  the person takes or sends the child from Australia to a place outside Australia; and

                     (c)  the child is not taken or sent from Australia to a place outside Australia:

                              (i)  with the consent in writing (authenticated as prescribed) of each other party to the Part VII proceedings; or

                             (ii)  in accordance with an order of a court made, under this Part or under a law of a State or Territory, after the institution of the Part VII proceedings; and

                     (d)  the person is:

                              (i)  a party to the Part VII proceedings; or

                             (ii)  acting on behalf of, or at the request of, a person who is a party to the Part VII proceedings.

Note:          The ancillary offence provisions of the Criminal Code, including section 11.1 (attempts), apply in relation to the offence created by this section.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 3 years.

Exception

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if:

                     (a)  the person (whether or not the person is the party to the Part VII proceedings) takes or sends the child from Australia to a place outside Australia because the person believes the conduct is necessary to prevent family violence; and

                     (b)  the conduct is reasonable in the circumstances as the person perceives them.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in this subsection (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

47  After section 65Z

Insert:

65ZAA  Obligations if proceedings for the making of certain parenting orders are pending: retaining a child outside Australia

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  proceedings (the Part VII proceedings) for the making, in relation to a child, of a parenting order to which this Subdivision applies are pending; and

                     (b)  the child has been taken or sent from Australia to a place outside Australia by or on behalf of a party to the Part VII proceedings:

                              (i)  with the consent in writing (authenticated as prescribed) of each other party to the Part VII proceedings; or

                             (ii)  in accordance with an order of a court made, under this Part or under a law of a State or Territory, after the institution of the Part VII proceedings; and

                     (c)  the person retains the child outside Australia otherwise than in accordance with a consent or order of a kind mentioned in paragraph (b) (whether or not the person took or sent the child as mentioned in that paragraph); and

                     (d)  the person is a party to the Part VII proceedings, or is retaining the child on behalf of, or at the request of, such a party.

Note:          The ancillary offence provisions of the Criminal Code, including section 11.1 (attempt), apply in relation to the offence created by this subsection.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 3 years.

Exception

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if:

                     (a)  the person (whether or not the person is the party to the Part VII proceedings) retains the child as mentioned in paragraph (1)(c) because the person believes the conduct is necessary to prevent family violence; and

                     (b)  the conduct is reasonable in the circumstances as the person perceives them.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in this subsection (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

47A  Subsections 65ZA(1) to (3)

Repeal the subsections, substitute:

             (1)  A person (the first person) commits an offence if:

                     (a)  a parenting order to which this Subdivision applies is in force in relation to a child; and

                     (b)  the first person is a captain, owner or charterer of an aircraft or vessel; and

                     (c)  another person (the carer) in whose favour the parenting order was made has served on the first person a statutory declaration that:

                              (i)  relates to the parenting order; and

                             (ii)  complies with subsection (4); and

                     (d)  the statutory declaration was made by the carer not earlier than 7 days before the date of service; and

                     (e)  the first person permits the child to leave a place in Australia in the aircraft or vessel; and

                      (f)  the destination of the aircraft or vessel is outside Australia; and

                     (g)  the child does not leave:

                              (i)  in the company, or with the consent in writing (authenticated as prescribed), of the carer; or

                             (ii)  in accordance with an order of a court made, under this Part or under a law of a State or Territory, at the time of, or after, the making of the parenting order.

Penalty:  60 penalty units.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the first person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

47B  Subsections 65ZB(1) to (3)

Repeal the subsections, substitute:

             (1)  A person (the first person) commits an offence if:

                     (a)  proceedings (the Part VII proceedings) are pending for the making of a parenting order to which this Subdivision applies in relation to a child; and

                     (b)  the first person is a captain, owner or charterer of an aircraft or vessel; and

                     (c)  a party (the carer) to the Part VII proceedings has served on the captain, owner or charterer a statutory declaration that:

                              (i)  relates to the Part VII proceedings; and

                             (ii)  complies with subsection (4); and

                     (d)  the statutory declaration was made by the carer not earlier than 7 days before the date of service; and

                     (e)  the first person permits the child to leave a place in Australia in the aircraft or vessel; and

                      (f)  the destination of the aircraft or vessel is outside Australia; and

                     (g)  the child does not leave:

                              (i)  in the company, or with the consent in writing (authenticated as prescribed), of the carer; or

                             (ii)  in accordance with an order of a court made, under this Part or under a law of a State or Territory, after the institution of the Part VII proceedings.

Penalty:  60 penalty units.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the first person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

47C  Subsection 65ZC(3)

Omit “65ZA(2) or 65ZB(2)”, substitute “65ZA(1) or 65ZB(1)”.

48  Paragraph 65ZD(a)

Omit “or sent”, substitute “, sent or retained”.

49  Paragraph 65ZD(b)

Omit “or sending”, substitute “, sending or retaining”.

50  At the end of Subdivision E of Division 6 of Part VII

Add:

65ZE  Extended geographical jurisdiction—category D

                   Section 15.4 of the Criminal Code (extended geographical jurisdiction—category D) applies to an offence against any of sections 65Y to 65ZB (taking, sending or retaining a child outside Australia).

51  Paragraph 117A(1)(b)

Omit “or 65Z”, substitute “, 65YA, 65Z or 65ZAA”.

52  Application of amendments

(1)       The amendments made by this Division apply to:

                     (a)  a child taken or sent from Australia on or after the commencement of this Division; or

                     (b)  a child taken or sent from Australia before the commencement of this Division, if the period specified in the consent or order in accordance with which the child was taken or sent:

                              (i)  ended after that commencement; or

                             (ii)  was extended so that it ended after that commencement.

(2)       Subitem (1) does not apply to the amendments of section 65ZD of the Family Law Act 1975 made by this Division.

52A  Saving of regulations

Regulations made for the purposes of paragraphs 65Y(2)(a), 65Z(2)(a), 65ZA(3)(a) and 65ZB(3)(a) of the Family Law Act 1975 that are in force immediately before the commencement of this item are taken, after that commencement, to have been made for the purposes of subparagraphs 65Y(1)(c)(i), 65Z(1)(c)(i), 65ZA(1)(g)(i) and 65ZB(1)(g)(i) of that Act as amended by this Division.

Division 2—Other amendments

Family Law Act 1975

53  At the end of subsection 12F(1)

Add:

             ; and (c)  section 12D (about Part VII proceedings).

54  Subsection 67K(2)

Omit “(including the Commonwealth central authority)”, substitute “(including one appointed as the Central Authority for the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory for the purposes of Article 29 of the Convention)”.

55  Subsection 67K(3)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (3)  For the purposes of the Child Abduction Convention, a person (including one appointed as the Central Authority for the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory for the purposes of Article 6 of the Convention) may apply to a court for a location order.

             (4)  In this section:

Child Abduction Convention means the Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction done at The Hague on 25 October 1980.

Note:          The Child Abduction Convention is in Australian Treaty Series 1987 No. 2 ([1987] ATS 2) and could in 2018 be viewed in the Australian Treaties Library on the AustLII website (http://www.austlii.edu.au).

Child Protection Convention has the same meaning as in section 111CA.

Part 3Renumbering Part VIIIB of the Family Law Act 1975

Division 1—Renumbering Part VIIIB of the Family Law Act 1975

Family Law Act 1975

56  Amendments of listed provisions—renumbering

(1)       The provisions listed in column 1 of an item in the following table are renumbered as set out in column 2 of that item.

 

Renumbering

Item

Column 1
Provision

Column 2
Renumber as:

1

Section 90MA

Section 90XA

2

Section 90MB

Section 90XB

3

Section 90MC

Section 90XC

4

Section 90MD

Section 90XD

5

Section 90MDA

Section 90XDA

6

Section 90ME

Section 90XE

7

Section 90MF

Section 90XF

8

Section 90MG

Section 90XG

9

Section 90MH

Section 90XH

10

Section 90MHA

Section 90XHA

11

Section 90MI

Section 90XI

12

Section 90MJ

Section 90XJ

13

Section 90MK

Section 90XK

14

Section 90ML

Section 90XL

15

Section 90MLA

Section 90XLA

16

Section 90MM

Section 90XM

17

Section 90MN

Section 90XN

18

Section 90MO

Section 90XO

19

Section 90MP

Section 90XP

20

Section 90MQ

Section 90XQ

21

Section 90MR

Section 90XR

22

Section 90MS

Section 90XS

23

Section 90MT

Section 90XT

24

Section 90MU

Section 90XU

25

Section 90MUA

Section 90XUA

26

Section 90MV

Section 90XV

27

Section 90MW

Section 90XW

28

Section 90MX

Section 90XX

29

Section 90MY

Section 90XY

30

Section 90MZ

Section 90XZ

31

Section 90MZA

Section 90XZA

32

Section 90MZB

Section 90XZB

33

Section 90MZC

Section 90XZC

34

Section 90MZD

Section 90XZD

35

Section 90MZE

Section 90XZE

36

Section 90MZF

Section 90XZF

37

Section 90MZG

Section 90XZG

38

Section 90MZH

Section 90XZH

(2)       A reference in any:

                     (a)  law of the Commonwealth; or

                     (b)  notice or other document given under a law of the Commonwealth; or

                     (c)  contract, agreement, deed, judgment or other instrument;

in force immediately before the commencement of this item, to a section of the Family Law Act 1975 mentioned in column 1 of an item of the table in subitem (1) of this item is treated, from that commencement, as being a reference to the section mentioned in column 2 of that item of the table.

Division 2—Consequential amendments of the Family Law Act 1975

Family Law Act 1975

57  Amendments of listed provisions

 

Amendments consequential on renumbering sections of Part VIIIB

Item

Column 1
Provision

Column 2
Omit

Column 3
Substitute

1

Section 90MD (note at the end of the definition of declaration time)

90MP(2)

90XP(2)

2

Section 90MD (definition of flagging order)

90MU(1)

90XU(1)

3

Section 90MD (definition of flag lifting agreement)

90MN

90XN

4

Section 90MD (definition of in force)

90MG

90XG

5

Section 90MD (paragraph (a) of the definition of operative time)

90MI

90XI

6

Section 90MD (paragraph (b) of the definition of operative time)

90MK

90XK

7

Section 90MD (paragraph (b) of the definition of operative time)

90MLA(2)(c)

90MXA(2)(c)

8

Section 90MD (paragraph (a) of the definition of payment flag)

90ML

90XL

9

Section 90MD (paragraph (a) of the definition of payment split)

90MJ

90XJ

10

Section 90MD (definition of reversionary interest)

90MF

90XF

11

Section 90MD (paragraph (b) of the definition of secondary government trustee)

90MDA

90XDA

12

Section 90MD (definition of separation declaration)

90MP

90XP

13

Section 90MD (definition of splittable payment)

90ME

90XE

14

Section 90MD (definition of splitting order)

90MT(1)

90XT(1)

15

Section 90MD (definition of superannuation agreement)

90MH

90XH

16

Section 90MD (definition of superannuation agreement)

90MHA

90XHA

17

Paragraph 90MG(3)(a)

90MN(3)

90XN(3)

18

Subparagraph 90MJ(1)(c)(ii)

90MI

90XI

19

Subsection 90MJ(5)

90MV

90XV

20

Paragraph 90ML(2)(a)

90MM

90XM

21

Paragraph 90ML(2)(b)

90MI

90XI

22

Subsection 90ML(4A)

90MLA

90XLA

23

Subsection 90ML(7) (note)

90MN

90XN

24

Paragraph 90MLA(1)(b)

90ML

90XL

25

Paragraph 90MLA(2)(c)

90MK

90XK

26

Subsection 90MM(1) (note)

90MH

90XH

27

Subsection 90MM(2) (note)

90MHA

90XHA

28

Paragraph 90MN(1)(b)

90MJ(1)

90XJ(1)

29

Paragraph 90MO(1)(b)

90MZA

90XZA

30

Subsection 90MO(1) (note)

90MM

90XM

31

Subsections 90MP(3), (4), (4A), (8), (9) and (10)

90MQ (wherever occurring)

90XQ

32

Subsection 90MS(1) (notes 2 and 3)

90MO

90XO

33

Subsections 90MT(1) and 90MU(1)

90MS

90XS

34

Subsection 90MUA(1)

90MU(1)

90XU(1)

35

Paragraph 90MV(1)(b)

90MZA

90XZA

36

Section 90MW

90MX

90XX

37

Paragraph 90MZB(2)(b)

90MY

90XY

38

Paragraph 90MZC(c)

90MZA

90XZA

39

Paragraph 90MZD(2)(b)

90MUA

90XUA

Division 3—Consequential amendments of other Acts: definitions

58  Amendments of definitions

The definitions in the specified provisions of the Acts listed in this Division are amended as set out in the table.

 

Amendments consequential on renumbering sections of Part VIIIB of the Family Law Act 1975: definitions

Item

Column 1
Definition

Column 2
Omit

Column 3
Substitute

1

paragraph (b) of the definition of base amount

90MT(4)

90XT(4)

2

definition of family law value

90MT(2)(a)

90XT(2)(a)

3

note at the end of the definition of family law value

90MT(1)

90XT(1)

4

paragraph (a) of the definition of splitting percentage

90MJ(1)(c)(iii)

90XJ(1)(c)(iii)

5

paragraph (b) of the definition of splitting percentage

90MT(1)(b)(i)

90XT(1)(b)(i)

Defence Force Retirement and Death Benefits Act 1973

59  Section 49A

Defence Forces Retirement Benefits Act 1948

60  Section 80A

Governor‑General Act 1974

61  Subsection 2A(2)

Judges’ Pensions Act 1968

62  Subsection 4(1)

Parliamentary Contributory Superannuation Act 1948

63  Section 22CA

Superannuation Act 1922

64  Section 93DA

Superannuation Act 1976

65  Section 146MA

Division 4—Consequential amendments of other Acts: other amendments

Income Tax Assessment Act 1997

66  Paragraph 126‑140(1)(b)

Omit “90MZA”, substitute “90XZA”.

Superannuation (Unclaimed Money and Lost Members) Act 1999

67  Paragraph 20F(4)(b)

Omit “90MB(3)”, substitute “90XB(3)”.

68  Subsection 20F(4) (note 2)

Omit “90MB(3)”, substitute “90XB(3)”.

69  Paragraph 24E(4)(a)

Omit “90MB(3)”, substitute “90XB(3)”.

70  Subsection 24E(4) (note 1)

Omit “90MB(3)”, substitute “90XB(3)”.

Schedule 7Amendment of the International Arbitration Act 1974

  

International Arbitration Act 1974

1  Subsection 3(1)

Insert:

Convention on Transparency means the United Nations Convention on Transparency in Treaty‑based Investor‑State Arbitration, done at Mauritius on 10 December 2014.

Transparency Rules means the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law Rules on Transparency in Treaty‑based Investor‑State Arbitration.

2  Subsection 8(1)

Omit “to the arbitration agreement in pursuance of which it was made”, substitute “to the award”.

3  At the end of paragraphs 8(5)(a) to (d)

Add “or”.

4  Paragraph 8(5)(f)

Omit “to the arbitration agreement”, substitute “to the award”.

5  Application of amendments

The amendments of section 8 of the International Arbitration Act 1974 made by this Schedule apply in relation to any arbitral proceedings (whether commenced before or after this item commences).

6  Section 18 (heading)

Repeal the heading, substitute:

18  Courts and authorities in the Model Law

7  At the end of section 18

Add:

             (4)  The following courts are taken to be competent courts for the purposes of Articles 17H (including Article 17H(3)), 27, 35 and 36 of the Model Law:

                     (a)  if the event referred to in subsection (5) is to occur in a State—the Supreme Court of that State;

                     (b)  if the event referred to in subsection (5) is to occur in a Territory:

                              (i)  the Supreme Court of that Territory; or

                             (ii)  if there is no Supreme Court established in that Territory—the Supreme Court of the State or Territory that has jurisdiction in relation to that Territory;

                     (c)  in any case—the Federal Court of Australia.

             (5)  For the purposes of subsection (4), the event is:

                     (a)  for Article 17H—the recognition or enforcement of an interim measure; or

                     (b)  for Article 27—the taking of evidence; or

                     (c)  for Articles 35 and 36—the recognition or enforcement of an arbitral award.

8  Application of amendments

The amendments of section 18 of the International Arbitration Act 1974 made by this Schedule apply in relation to any arbitral proceedings commenced after this item commences.

9  Subsection 21(2)

Omit “arising from arbitral proceedings that commence”, substitute “commenced”.

10  Subsection 22(2)

After “applies”, insert “(subject to subsection (3))”.

11  After subsection 22(2)

Insert:

             (3)  Sections 23C to 23G (disclosure of confidential information) do not apply to arbitral proceedings to which the Transparency Rules apply, whether those Rules apply because of the operation of the Convention on Transparency or otherwise.

12  Application of amendments

The amendments of section 22 of the International Arbitration Act 1974 made by this Schedule apply in relation to any arbitral proceedings commenced after this item commences.

13  Paragraph 27(2)(b)

Omit “tax or”.

14  Paragraph 27(2)(c)

Repeal the paragraph.

15  After subsection 27(2)

Insert:

       (2AA)  In settling the amount of costs to be paid in relation to an award, an arbitral tribunal is not required to use any scales or other rules used by a court when making orders in relation to costs.

16  Subsection 27(3)

Omit “taxed or”.

17  Application of amendments

The amendments of section 27 of the International Arbitration Act 1974 made by this Schedule apply in relation to arbitrations commenced after this item commences.

Schedule 8Amendment of the Legislation Act 2003

  

Legislation Act 2003

1  Paragraph 15Q(1)(c)

Omit “, lapses, expires or otherwise ceases to be in force”.

2  Paragraph 15Q(2)(e)

Omit “, lapses, expires or otherwise ceases to be in force”.

3  Subsection 15Q(3)

After “instrument is”, insert “(subject to subsection (4))”.

4  At the end of section 15Q

Add:

             (4)  Despite any other provision of this Act, a compilation of an Act or instrument is not required to be prepared or lodged for registration to take account of a retrospective commencement of an amendment of the Act or instrument. However, such a compilation of an Act or instrument may be prepared and lodged for registration.

4A  Subsection 15T(7) (heading)

Repeal the heading, substitute:

Repeal and disallowance of Act or instrument

5  Paragraph 15T(7)(a)

Omit “, expires, lapses or otherwise ceases to be in force”.

6  Subsection 15U(1) (heading)

Repeal the heading.

7  Subsection 15U(1)

Omit “(1) The”, substitute “The”.

8  Subsection 15U(2)

Repeal the subsection.

9  Paragraph 15ZA(5)(h)

Before “an authorised version”, insert “subject to subsection 15Q(4),”.

10  Subsection 15ZB(4)

After “explanatory statement is”, insert “, subject to subsection 15Q(4),”.

Schedule 9Amendment of the Marriage Act 1961

  

Marriage Act 1961

1  Subsection 5(1)

Insert:

medical practitioner has the meaning given by the Health Insurance Act 1973.

2  Subparagraph 13(2)(a)(v)

Omit “legally qualified”.

3  Section 14

Repeal the section, substitute:

14  Persons whose consent is required to the marriage of a minor

                   Before a minor may marry, consent is required from the persons specified in Schedule 1 to this Act in relation to the minor.

4  Subparagraph 23B(1)(d)(iii)

Omit “is mentally incapable of understanding”, substitute “did not understand”.

5  Application of amendment

The amendment of section 23B of the Marriage Act 1961 made by this Schedule applies in relation to marriages that take place after this item commences.

6  At the end of section 39

Add:

             (4)  An authorisation under subsection (2) is not a legislative instrument.

7  Subsection 39B(1)

Omit “(1) The”, substitute “The”.

8  Subsection 39B(1)

After “maintain”, insert “on the internet”.

9  Subsections 39B(2) to (5)

Repeal the subsections.

10  Subparagraph 39FA(1)(a)(i)

After “financial year”, insert “(except if paragraphs (1A)(b) and (c) apply in relation to the person on that day)”.

11  Subparagraph 39FA(1)(a)(ii)

Omit “and”, substitute “or”.

12  At the end of paragraph 39FA(1)(a)

Add:

                            (iii)  is liable to pay the charge under subsection (1A); and

13  After subsection 39FA(1)

Insert:

Marriage celebrants appealing decision to be deregistered

          (1A)  A person is liable to pay celebrant registration charge to the Commonwealth in respect of a financial year if:

                     (a)  the person is a marriage celebrant on 1 July of that financial year; and

                     (b)  before that day:

                              (i)  the Registrar decided to deregister the person as a marriage celebrant; and

                             (ii)  the person applied to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of the decision; and

                     (c)  that application, or any later application to a court that relates to that application, has not been finally determined by that day; and

                     (d)  that or any later application is finally determined in that financial year; and

                     (e)  after the application is finally determined, the person is not deregistered.

Notice of charge

14  Subsection 39FA(2)

Omit “is a marriage celebrant on 1 July in the financial year, or who becomes a marriage celebrant on a later day in the financial year, a notice”, substitute “is liable to pay the celebrant registration charge in respect of the financial year a written notice”.

15  Before subsection 39FA(3)

Insert:

Exemptions

16  Before subsection 39FA(6)

Insert:

Charge debt due to the Commonwealth

17  Application of amendments

The amendments of section 39FA of the Marriage Act 1961 made by this Schedule apply in relation to financial years beginning at the same time as, or after, this item commences.

18  Subsection 39FB(1)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (1)  If a person has not, by the end of the charge payment day, paid an amount of celebrant registration charge that the person is liable to pay, the Registrar of Marriage Celebrants must, as soon as practicable after that day, send the person a written notice in accordance with subsection (2), unless the Registrar considers that the notice should not be sent at that time because:

                     (a)  the person’s liability to pay the charge may be affected by:

                              (i)  the outcome of an application for internal review of a decision to refuse to grant an exemption; or

                             (ii)  any other circumstance of which the Registrar is aware; or

                     (b)  the person’s details have been removed from the register under paragraph 39I(2)(d) or 39K(a) before the notice is sent.

Note:          Depending on the outcome of matters referred to in paragraph (1)(a), it may turn out that the person is not liable to pay the charge.

19  Application of amendment

The amendment of subsection 39FB(1) of the Marriage Act 1961 made by this Schedule applies in relation to charge payment days that occur on or after the day this item commences.

20  Paragraph 39FB(2)(a)

Omit “celebrant after”, substitute “celebrant on”.

21  Subsection 39FB(3)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (3)  The person is taken to have been deregistered by the Registrar of Marriage Celebrants at the start of the day specified in the notice.

Note:          A person who wishes to become a marriage celebrant again may reapply under section 39D.

             (4)  The Registrar of Marriage Celebrants must remove the person’s details from the register of marriage celebrants.

22  Application of amendments

The amendments of section 39FB (except subsection 39FB(1)) of the Marriage Act 1961 made by this Schedule apply in relation to notices sent after this item commences.

23  After paragraph 39G(1)(b)

Insert:

                   (ba)  comply with any disciplinary measures taken against the marriage celebrant under section 39I; and

24  Application of amendment

Paragraph 39G(1)(ba) of the Marriage Act 1961, as inserted by this Schedule, applies in relation to disciplinary measures imposed after this item commences.

25  Subparagraph 39G(1)(c)(i)

Omit “entered in the register in relation to the person”, substitute “provided by the person to the Registrar”.

26  Application of amendment

The amendment of subparagraph 39G(1)(c)(i) of the Marriage Act 1961 made by this Schedule applies in relation to any change that occurs after this item commences.

27  Subsection 39G(1) (note)

Omit “Note”, substitute “Note 1”.

28  At the end of subsection 39G(1)

Add:

Note 2:       For subparagraph (1)(c)(i), a person may notify the Registrar by updating the person’s details using a portal provided by the Registrar.

29  At the end of section 39G

Add:

             (3)  The regulations may specify the details that must be notified to the Registrar for the purposes of subparagraph (1)(c)(i).

30  Subparagraph 39I(4)(a)(iv)

Repeal the subparagraph, substitute:

                            (iv)  if the marriage celebrant has a right under section 39J to apply for review of the decision—that right; and

31  Application of amendment

The amendment of subparagraph 39I(4)(a)(iv) of the Marriage Act 1961 made by this Schedule applies in relation to notices given after this item commences (whether the decision to take the disciplinary measure was made before or after that time).

32  Paragraph 39J(1)(c)

Omit “subsection 39FB(3)”, substitute “section 39FB”.

33  Subparagraph 42(2)(c)(v)

Omit “legally qualified”.

34  Before Division 3 of Part V

Insert:

Division 1Registrar of Overseas Marriages

60  Definitions

                   In this Part:

Registrar means the Registrar of Overseas Marriages appointed under section 61.

61  Registrar of Overseas Marriages

             (1)  There is to be a Registrar of Overseas Marriages.

             (2)  The Registrar is to be appointed, by written instrument, by the Minister.

             (3)  The Registrar must have a seal, which is to be in the form the Minister determines.

62  Acting appointments

                   The Minister may, by written instrument, appoint a person to act as the Registrar:

                     (a)  during a vacancy in the office of the Registrar (whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office); or

                     (b)  during any period, or during all periods, when the Registrar:

                              (i)  is absent from duty or from Australia; or

                             (ii)  is, for any reason, unable to perform the duties of the office.

Note:          For rules that apply to acting appointments, see sections 33AB and 33A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

63   Register of Overseas Marriages

             (1)  The Registrar must keep a register, to be called the Register of Overseas Marriages, in the form the Minister directs.

             (2)  The Register of Overseas Marriages that was kept under section 8 of the Marriage (Overseas) Act 1955 is taken to form part of the Register kept under this section.

             (3)  The Registrar must register in the Register all marriages required to be registered by this Part.

             (4)  The Registrar may register in the Register:

                     (a)  a marriage solemnized under the Marriage (Overseas) Act 1955 that has not been registered under that Act; or

                     (b)  a marriage (except a marriage that has been registered under the Marriage (Overseas) Act 1955) that was solemnized before the commencement of this Act and in respect of which a certificate has been forwarded:

                              (i)  under section 25 of the Marriage (Overseas) Act 1955; or

                             (ii)  under section 84 of this Act.

             (5)  The Registrar must keep an index of the entries in the Register.

Note:          For errors or mis‑statements in the Register, see section 114.

64  Searches and certified copies

             (1)  A person may search the register if:

                     (a)  the person satisfies the Registrar that the person has a good reason for searching the register; and

                     (b)  the person has paid any fee prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph.

             (2)  After searching the register for an entry, the person may be given:

                     (a)  a certified copy of the entry or extract of the entry; or

                     (b)  if the Registrar finds that there is no such entry in the register—a certificate stating that fact.

             (3)  A certified copy mentioned in paragraph (2)(a) or a certificate mentioned in paragraph (2)(b):

                     (a)  must be certified by the Registrar by signed writing and under seal; and

                     (b)  is prima facie evidence of the facts stated in the copy or certificate.

35  Validation of things purportedly done under the Marriage Act 1961

(1)       This item applies to a thing purportedly done under the Marriage Act 1961 before the commencement of this item, to the extent that the thing purportedly done would, apart from this item, be invalid because:

                     (a)  Division 1 of Part V of that Act, as inserted by this Schedule, was not in force; and

                     (b)  no person was validly appointed as the Registrar of Overseas Marriages.

Validation

(2)       The thing purportedly done is as valid and effective, and is taken always to have been as valid and effective, as it would have been if:

                     (a)  that Division had been in force; and

                     (b)  a person had been validly appointed as the Registrar of Overseas Marriages.

36  Paragraph 115(1)(a)

Omit “authorised celebrants”, substitute “ministers of religion registered under Subdivision A of Division 1 of Part IV”.

37  After paragraph 115(1)(a)

Insert:

                    (aa)  a list of the persons who, or positions that, are authorised to solemnise marriages under Subdivision B of Division 1 of Part IV; and

                   (ab)  a list of the persons who are marriage celebrants; and

38  Paragraph 115(1)(b)

After “persons who”, insert “, or positions that,”.

39  Subsections 115(2) to (4)

Repeal the subsections, substitute:

             (2)  A list of persons published under subsection (1) must show the information set out in the following table for each person included in the list.

 

Requirements for lists

Item

The list of persons published under this provision …

must show the following information …

1

paragraph (1)(a)

the full name, designation, address and religious denomination of each minister of religion registered under Subdivision A of Division 1 of Part IV.

2

paragraph (1)(aa)

the full name, designation (if any) and address of each person in the list who is authorised to solemnise marriages under Subdivision B of Division 1 of Part IV.

3

paragraph (1)(ab)

the information required to be entered in the register of marriage celebrants for the purposes of subsection 39D(5).

4

paragraph (1)(b)

full name, designation (if any) and address of each person in the list who is a prescribed authority.

Inclusion of names in latest list—prima facie evidence

             (3)  The inclusion of the name of a person in the latest list published under paragraph (1)(a), (aa) or (ab) is prima facie evidence that the person is authorised to solemnise marriages under Division 1 of Part IV.

             (4)  The inclusion of the name of a person in the latest list published under paragraph (1)(b) is prima facie evidence that the person is a prescribed authority.

Inclusion of positions in latest list—prima facie evidence

             (5)  The inclusion of a position in the latest list published under paragraph (1)(aa) is prima facie evidence that a person in, or acting in, the position is authorised to solemnise marriages under Division 1 of Part IV.

             (6)  The inclusion of a position in the latest list published under paragraph (1)(b) is prima facie evidence that a person in, or acting in, the position is a prescribed authority.

40  Paragraph 116(1)(c)

Omit “or”.

41  Paragraph 116(1)(d)

Repeal the paragraph.

42  The Schedule

Repeal the Schedule, substitute:

Schedule 1Consent to the marriage of a minor

Note:       See section 14.

  

  

1  Consent to the marriage of a minor

                   The following table sets out whose consent is required before a minor may marry.

 

Persons whose consent is required

Item

If …

then this person’s consent is required …

1

(a) at least one parent of the minor is alive; and

(b) there is no court order in force in relation to parental responsibility for the minor; and

(c) the minor does not have a guardian as referred to in item 3 or 4 of this table

each parent.

2

there is a court order in force granting parental responsibility for the minor to one or more persons (whether or not those persons are the minor’s parents)

each person who, under the order, has (whether explicitly or implicitly) parental responsibility for giving consent to the minor’s marriage.

3

there is a guardianship order in force that:

(a) relates to the minor; and

(b) is made by a court, tribunal or other body of a State or Territory;

each guardian of the minor under the order.

4

a person is under an Act of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory, or an Ordinance of a Territory, a guardian of the minor to the exclusion of any other person

each guardian of the minor under the Act or Ordinance.

5

a person is under an Act of a State or a Territory, or an Ordinance of a Territory, a guardian of the minor in addition to any other person whose consent is required in accordance with this table

each guardian of the minor under the Act or Ordinance and each other person whose consent is required in accordance with this table.

6

no other item of this table applies

a prescribed authority.

 

Schedule 10Amendment of the Sex Discrimination Act 1984

  

Sex Discrimination Act 1984

1  Section 43

Repeal the section.

2  Application of amendment

The amendment of the Sex Discrimination Act 1984 made by this Schedule applies in relation to acts or omissions occurring after the commencement of this item.

 

 

 

 

[Minister’s second reading speech made in—

Senate on 22 March 2017

House of Representatives on 17 October 2018]

 

(31/17)