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Social Security (Administration) Act 1999

Authoritative Version
Act No. 191 of 1999 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Social Services Legislation Amendment (Queensland Commission Income Management Regime) Act 2017
An Act to provide for the administration of the social security law, and for related purposes
Administered by: Attorney-General's; Social Services; Employment
Registered 13 Jul 2017
Start Date 01 Jul 2017

Social Security (Administration) Act 1999

No. 191, 1999

Compilation No. 117

Compilation date:                              1 July 2017

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 74, 2017

Registered:                                         13 July 2017

 

 

 

 

This compilation includes commenced amendments made by Act No. 143, 2015 and Act No. 55, 2016

 

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Social Security (Administration) Act 1999 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 1 July 2017 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                             1

1............................ Short title............................................................................ 1

2............................ Commencement.................................................................. 1

2A......................... Application of the Criminal Code....................................... 1

3............................ Interpretation....................................................................... 1

4............................ Social security law.............................................................. 2

5............................ Manner of giving notice...................................................... 2

6............................ Effect of certain determinations........................................... 2

6A......................... Secretary may arrange for use of computer programs to make decisions 3

6B.......................... Norfolk Island.................................................................... 3

Part 2—General administration of social security law                                    4

7............................ General administration of social security law...................... 4

8............................ Principles of administration................................................ 4

10.......................... Agreement on administrative arrangements........................ 5

Part 3—Provision of benefits                                                                                          6

Division 1—Claim for social security payment or concession card    6

Subdivision A—Need for claim                                                                              6

11.......................... General rule........................................................................ 6

Subdivision B—Cases where claim not necessary                                             6

12.......................... Deemed claim in certain cases............................................. 6

12A....................... One‑off payment to the aged............................................... 7

12AAA................. One‑off payments to older Australians............................... 7

12AA.................... One‑off payments to carers................................................. 7

12AB..................... Economic security strategy payment and training and learning bonus      8

12AC..................... One‑off energy assistance payment.................................... 8

12B........................ Language, literacy and numeracy supplement..................... 8

12C........................ Utilities allowance............................................................... 9

12D....................... Energy supplement............................................................. 9

12DA.................... Quarterly pension supplement............................................ 9

12DB..................... Quarterly energy supplement.............................................. 9

12E........................ Child disability assistance................................................... 9

12F........................ Carer allowance.................................................................. 9

12G....................... Carer supplement................................................................ 9

12H....................... Relocation scholarship payment.......................................... 9

12K........................ Clean energy advance......................................................... 9

13.......................... Deemed claim—person contacting Department about a claim for a social security payment    10

14.......................... Deemed claim—person contacting Department about a claim for a concession card                12

15.......................... Deemed claim—incorrect or inappropriate claims............. 14

15A....................... Deemed claim—certain claims for carer allowance........... 17

Subdivision C—Manner of making a claim                                                      18

16.......................... How to make a claim........................................................ 18

17.......................... Special requirements regarding claims for pension bonus 19

18.......................... Additional provisions regarding claim for special employment advance  20

19.......................... Special requirements regarding claims for essential medical equipment payment     21

Subdivision E—Time limits for claims for pension bonus                            22

20.......................... Interpretation..................................................................... 22

21.......................... General rule...................................................................... 22

22.......................... Last bonus period a full‑year period................................. 22

23.......................... Last bonus period a part‑year period................................. 23

24.......................... Claim by exempt partnered person.................................... 23

25.......................... Claim where membership has become non‑accruing........ 24

26.......................... Claim where person has post‑75 work period.................. 24

Subdivision EA—Time limits for claims for pension bonus bereavement payment     26

26A....................... General rule...................................................................... 26

26B........................ Extension.......................................................................... 26

Subdivision EB—Time limits for claims for student start‑up loans           26

26C........................ Time limit for claim........................................................... 26

Subdivision F—Time limit for claims for fares allowance                           26

27.......................... Time limit for claim........................................................... 26

Subdivision FAA—Time limit for claims for Disaster Recovery Allowance  27

27AA.................... Time limit for claims for Disaster Recovery Allowance... 27

Subdivision FA—Time limit for claims for AGDRP                                      27

27A....................... Time limit for claim........................................................... 27

Subdivision FB—Time limit for claims for AVTOP                                      28

27B........................ Time limit for claims for AVTOP..................................... 28

Subdivision G—Age requirement for certain claims                                      28

28.......................... Claims for disability support pension............................... 28

Subdivision H—Residence requirements for claimants                                 29

29.......................... General rule...................................................................... 29

30.......................... Residence requirements for claimants for special benefit.. 29

30A....................... Exclusion from section 29 residence requirement of crisis payment claimants holding certain visas       29

31.......................... Exclusion of certain claims from requirements of section 29 30

31A....................... Exclusion of certain claims by special category visa holders from section 29 residence requirement       30

32.......................... Claims for sickness allowance.......................................... 31

Subdivision I—Withdrawal of claim                                                                  31

33.......................... Right to withdraw............................................................. 31

34.......................... Manner of withdrawal...................................................... 31

Subdivision J—Special provision for certain claims                                      32

35.......................... Claims by persons in gaol etc........................................... 32

35A....................... Claims for advance pharmaceutical allowance.................. 32

35B........................ Secondary victim claims for AVTOP............................... 33

Division 2—Determination of claim                                                                    35

36.......................... Obligation of Secretary to determine claim....................... 35

37.......................... Grant of claim................................................................... 35

37AA.................... Grant of claim—schooling requirements.......................... 39

37A....................... Duration of certain health care cards................................. 40

38.......................... Refusal of claim for special employment advance............. 40

39.......................... Deemed refusal of claim................................................... 41

40.......................... Rejection of claim for failure to obtain foreign payment... 42

Division 3—Commencement of social security payment                         44

41.......................... Commencement................................................................ 44

42.......................... Start day............................................................................ 44

Division 3A—Compliance with obligations in relation to participation payments          45

Subdivision A—Object of this Division                                                               45

42A....................... Simplified outline.............................................................. 45

42B........................ Object of this Division...................................................... 46

Subdivision B—No show no pay failures                                                           46

42C........................ No show no pay failures................................................... 46

42D....................... Deducting the penalty amount........................................... 48

Subdivision C—Connection and reconnection failures                                  48

42E........................ Connection failures........................................................... 48

42F........................ Requiring a person to apply for job vacancies.................. 50

42G....................... Reconnection requirements............................................... 51

42H....................... Reconnection failures........................................................ 52

42J......................... Further reconnection requirements.................................... 53

42K........................ Notification requirements.................................................. 53

42L........................ Deduction of penalty amount............................................ 54

Subdivision D—Serious failures                                                                           54

42M....................... Serious failure for persistent non‑compliance................... 54

42N....................... Serious failure for refusing or failing to accept an offer of suitable employment     55

42NA.................... Comprehensive compliance assessment............................ 56

42NC..................... Determination about serious failure requirements and severe financial hardship      56

42P........................ Consequences of serious failure....................................... 57

42Q....................... Ending serious failure periods.......................................... 58

42R........................ Determining that participation payments payable.............. 58

Subdivision E—Unemployment resulting from a voluntary act or misconduct            59

42S........................ Unemployment resulting from a voluntary act or misconduct  59

Subdivision EA—Immediate non‑payment of participation payments for certain failures       61

42SA..................... Immediate non‑payment of participation payments for certain failures     61

Subdivision EB—Failures by certain recipients of parenting payments   63

42SB..................... Suspension of payments for certain failures..................... 63

Subdivision EC—Non‑attendance failures                                                        64

42SC..................... Non‑attendance failures.................................................... 64

42SD..................... Deduction of penalty amount............................................ 65

Subdivision F—General provisions                                                                     65

42T........................ Legislative instrument determining method for working out penalty amount           65

42U....................... Legislative instruments relating to reasonable excuse....... 67

42UA.................... Prior notification of excuse............................................... 67

42V....................... Deduction from any participation payment....................... 69

42W....................... Penalty amount not a debt................................................. 69

42X....................... Payability.......................................................................... 70

42Y....................... Day of determination........................................................ 70

42YA.................... Relationship between Subdivisions of this Division......... 70

42Z........................ Relationship with section 80............................................. 70

Division 4—Payment of social security payment                                         71

43.......................... Payment by instalments.................................................... 71

44.......................... Payment of instalments to person or nominee................... 76

45.......................... Payment of youth allowance—person under 18 and not independent      76

46.......................... Payment of special employment advance.......................... 77

46A....................... Payment of AGDRP......................................................... 77

46B........................ Payment of AVTOP......................................................... 77

47.......................... Payment of lump sum benefits.......................................... 77

47A....................... Payment of one‑off payment to the aged........................... 80

47AA.................... Payment of one‑off payments to older Australians........... 80

47AB..................... Payment of carer supplement............................................ 80

47AC..................... Payment of one‑off energy assistance payment................ 81

47B........................ Payment of one‑off payments to carers............................. 81

47C........................ Payment of economic security strategy payments and training and learning bonuses              82

47CA..................... Payment of activity supplement or farm financial assessment supplement               83

47D....................... Payment of clean energy advance..................................... 84

47DAA................. Payment of essential medical equipment payment............. 84

47DA.................... Relocation scholarship payments...................................... 84

47DB..................... Student start‑up loans....................................................... 84

48.......................... Payment of telephone allowance....................................... 85

48A....................... Payment of utilities allowance........................................... 86

48B........................ Payment of energy supplement......................................... 86

48C........................ Payment of quarterly pension supplement........................ 87

48D....................... Payment of quarterly energy supplement.......................... 87

49.......................... Timing of payment of fares allowance.............................. 88

50.......................... To whom fares allowance is to be paid............................. 88

50A....................... Payment of child disability assistance............................... 89

51.......................... Advance in case of severe financial hardship.................... 89

52.......................... Payment of certain amounts outside Australia.................. 90

53.......................... Payment of instalments where pension received under other legislation  91

54.......................... Rounding off instalments of social security payments...... 92

55.......................... Payment into bank account etc.......................................... 93

56.......................... Youth allowance—failure to nominate parent................... 95

57.......................... Change of particular payday............................................. 95

58.......................... Payment of social security payment after death................. 95

59.......................... Payment of pension bonus or pension bonus bereavement payment after death      96

Division 5—Protection of social security payments                                   99

60.......................... Protection of social security payment................................ 99

61.......................... Deduction at request of recipient—payments to Commissioner of Taxation            99

61A....................... Deduction at request of recipient—other payments........... 99

62.......................... Effect of garnishee or attachment order........................... 100

Division 6—Requirement to provide information, undergo medical examination etc.  101

Subdivision A—General                                                                                       101

63.......................... Requirement to attend Department etc............................. 101

64.......................... Effect of failing to comply with requirement to attend Department etc.    103

65.......................... Medical certificate in support of claim for sickness allowance 105

66.......................... Notice to obtain foreign payment.................................... 106

Subdivision B—Requirement to give information about change of circumstances etc.               107

66A....................... General requirement to inform of a change of circumstances etc.             107

67.......................... Person who has made a claim......................................... 109

68.......................... Person receiving social security payment or holding concession card      110

69.......................... Person who has received a social security payment or who has held a concession card          112

70.......................... Care receiver in respect of whom carer payment being made 113

70A....................... Person who is subject to the income management regime etc.  113

70B........................ Person who is subject to cashless welfare arrangements etc. 114

72.......................... Provisions relating to notice............................................ 115

73.......................... Application of provisions............................................... 117

74.......................... Offence—failure to comply with notice.......................... 118

Subdivision C—Provision of tax file numbers                                               118

75.......................... Secretary’s power to request tax file numbers................ 118

76.......................... Effect of failure by person to satisfy request for person’s tax file number               119

77.......................... Effect of failure by person to satisfy request for partner’s or related person’s tax file number                121

Division 7—Various determinations                                                                 124

Subdivision A—Provisions relating to social security payments               124

78A....................... When this Subdivision does not apply............................ 124

78.......................... Rate increase determination............................................. 124

79.......................... Rate reduction determination........................................... 124

80.......................... Cancellation or suspension determination....................... 125

81.......................... Cancellation or suspension for non‑compliance with certain notices        126

81A....................... Rate reduction determination for non‑compliance with notice relating to rent assistance          127

82.......................... Cancellation or suspension for failure to take action to obtain foreign payment       128

83.......................... Changes to payments by computer................................. 128

84.......................... Automatic transfer by computer...................................... 129

85.......................... Resumption of payment after cancellation or suspension 129

85A....................... Rate increase determination following rate reduction for non‑compliance with notice relating to rent assistance........................................................................................ 130

Subdivision B—Provisions relating to concession cards                             131

86.......................... Cancellation—person not qualified................................. 131

87.......................... Cancellation—non‑compliance with certain notices........ 131

88.......................... Changes to qualification by computer............................. 132

89.......................... Resumption of qualification............................................ 132

Division 8—Automatic cancellations and variations                               133

Subdivision A—Social security payments                                                        133

90A....................... When this Subdivision does not apply............................ 133

90.......................... Automatic cancellation—transfer to new payment type.. 133

91.......................... Automatic cancellation of parenting payment on transfer to new payment type—member of couple       133

93.......................... Automatic cancellation—recipient complying with subsection 68(2) notice             134

94.......................... Automatic cancellation—recipient not complying with subsection 68(2) notice       137

95.......................... Automatic cancellation—failure to provide statement under subsection 68(2)         138

95A....................... Automatic cancellation of carer payment for non‑compliance with section 70 notice               139

95B........................ Automatic suspension or cancellation—carer allowance. 139

95C........................ Social security payment—suspension instead of cancellation under section 93 or 94              140

96.......................... Disability support pension—suspension instead of cancellation under section 93   141

97.......................... Disability support pension—suspension taken to have been under section 96         143

97A....................... Disability support pension—suspension instead of cancellation under section 94 (person obtains work)........................................................................................ 145

97B........................ Disability support pension—suspension instead of cancellation under section 94 (person’s income)     147

98.......................... Automatic rate reduction—partner starting to receive pension or benefit 149

99.......................... Automatic rate reduction—recipient complying with subsection 68(2) notice          150

100........................ Automatic rate reduction—recipient not complying with subsection 68(2) notice    152

101........................ Automatic rate reduction—receipt of pension by person receiving parenting payment            154

103........................ Changes to payments by computer following automatic cancellation or reduction   154

Subdivision B—Concession cards                                                                      155

104........................ Automatic cancellation—holder complying with subsection 68(4) notice                155

105........................ Automatic cancellation—holder not complying with subsection 68(4) notice          155

106........................ Changes by computer following automatic cancellation.. 156

106A..................... Automatic cancellation on cessation of qualification....... 156

Subdivision C—Additional provision for certain pensioner concession cards and automatic issue health care cards                                                                                                       157

106B...................... Automatic cancellation.................................................... 157

Division 9—Date of effect of determinations                                               159

Subdivision A—Determinations relating to claims                                       159

107........................ General rule.................................................................... 159

Subdivision B—Determinations under section 78, 81A, 85 or 85A           161

108........................ Definition........................................................................ 161

109........................ Date of effect of favourable determination resulting from review            161

109A..................... Date of effect of determination under section 78 resulting from review required by section 126A          163

110........................ Date of effect of favourable determination...................... 163

110A..................... Date of effect of favourable determinations resuming payment after suspensions relating to non‑compliance........................................................................................ 168

111........................ Date of effect of section 78 determination resulting from indexation or adjustment 169

114........................ Date of effect of other favourable determinations........... 169

Subdivision C—Determinations under section 89                                          169

115........................ Definition........................................................................ 169

116........................ Date of effect of favourable determination resulting from review—concession cards              170

Subdivision D—Date of effect of adverse determinations relating to social security payments                171

117........................ Definition........................................................................ 171

118........................ Date of effect of adverse determinations—general rules. 171

120........................ Additional rules in the case of carer payment.................. 181

Subdivision E—Date of effect of adverse determinations relating to concession cards              186

121........................ Definition........................................................................ 186

122........................ Date of effect of adverse determinations......................... 186

Division 10—Continuing effect of determinations                                    187

123........................ Continuing effect of determinations................................ 187

Division 11—Estimates and verification of maintenance income for Youth Allowance Rate Calculator                                                                                                                    188

123AA.................. Estimate of maintenance income for Youth Allowance Rate Calculator   188

123AB................... Verification of maintenance income for Youth Allowance Rate Calculator              188

123AC................... Annualised maintenance income free area....................... 190

123AD.................. Annual amount of estimated maintenance income........... 191

Part 3A—Nominees                                                                                                          193

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                          193

123A..................... Definitions...................................................................... 193

Division 2—Appointment of nominees                                                             195

123B...................... Appointment of payment nominee.................................. 195

123C...................... Appointment of correspondence nominee....................... 195

123D..................... Provisions relating to appointments................................ 195

123E...................... Suspension and revocation of nominee appointments..... 196

Division 3—Payments to payment nominee                                                  198

123F...................... Payment of instalments etc. to payment nominee............ 198

Division 4—Functions and responsibilities of nominees                         199

123G..................... Definition........................................................................ 199

123H..................... Actions of correspondence nominee on behalf of benefit recipient          199

123I....................... Giving of notices to correspondence nominee................ 200

123J....................... Compliance by correspondence nominee........................ 201

123K...................... Notification by nominee of matters affecting ability to act as nominee     202

123L...................... Statement by payment nominee regarding disposal of money  204

Division 5—Other matters                                                                                     206

123M..................... Protection of principal against liability for actions of nominee 206

123N..................... Protection of nominee against criminal liability............... 206

123O..................... Duty of nominee to principal.......................................... 206

123P...................... Saving of Secretary’s powers of revocation................... 207

123Q..................... Saving of Secretary’s powers to give notices to principal 207

123R...................... Notification of nominee where notice given to principal. 207

123S...................... Right of nominee to attend with principal....................... 207

Part 3B—Income management regime                                                                 209

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        209

123TA................... Simplified outline............................................................ 209

123TB................... Objects............................................................................ 210

123TC................... Definitions...................................................................... 211

123TF.................... Declared child protection State or Territory.................... 219

123TG................... Declared primary school area and declared secondary school area           220

123TGAA............. Recognised State/Territory authority............................... 220

123TGAB............. Recognised State or Territory......................................... 221

123TGA................ Declared voluntary income management area................. 222

123TH................... Priority needs.................................................................. 222

123TI..................... Excluded goods and excluded services........................... 224

123TJ.................... Pornographic material..................................................... 224

123TK................... Eligible recipient............................................................. 225

Division 2—Persons subject to the income management regime      226

Subdivision A—Situations in which a person is subject to the income management regime       226

123UA.................. Persons subject to the income management regime......... 226

123UC................... Persons subject to the income management regime—child protection      226

123UCA................ Persons subject to the income management regime—vulnerable welfare payment recipients   227

123UCB................ Persons subject to the income management regime—disengaged youth  228

123UCC................ Persons subject to the income management regime—long‑term welfare payment recipients    229

123UD.................. Persons subject to the income management regime—school enrolment   231

123UE................... Persons subject to the income management regime—school attendance  233

123UF................... Persons subject to the income management regime—Queensland Commission      234

123UFAA............. Persons subject to the income management regime—other State/Territory referrals                236

123UFA................ Persons subject to the income management regime—voluntary income management agreement             237

Subdivision BA—Additional provisions relating to vulnerable welfare payment recipients     237

123UGA............... Vulnerable welfare payment recipients........................... 237

Subdivision BB—Additional provisions relating to disengaged youth and long‑term welfare payment recipients                                                                                                       239

123UGB................ Exempt welfare payment recipient—inclusion in specified class              239

123UGC................ Exempt welfare payment recipient—person is not the principal carer of a child       239

123UGD............... Exempt welfare payment recipient—person is the principal carer of a child             240

123UGF................ Full‑time student............................................................. 242

123UGG............... School age child.............................................................. 243

Subdivision C—Additional provisions relating to school enrolment and attendance   243

123UH.................. Eligible care child............................................................ 243

123UI.................... Applicable school period................................................ 244

123UJ.................... Eligible care period......................................................... 244

123UK................... Unsatisfactory school attendance situation...................... 245

123UL................... Formal warning—unsatisfactory school attendance situation.. 245

Subdivision D—Voluntary income management agreements                    245

123UM.................. Voluntary income management agreement...................... 245

123UN.................. Duration of voluntary income management agreement... 247

123UO.................. Termination of voluntary income management agreement 248

Division 3—Establishment of the Income Management Record       250

123VA.................. Establishment of the Income Management Record......... 250

123VC................... Bank account.................................................................. 250

Division 4—Income management accounts                                                  251

Subdivision A—Income management accounts                                              251

123WA.................. Income management accounts......................................... 251

123WB.................. Opening of income management accounts...................... 251

123WC.................. Closing of income management accounts....................... 252

123WD.................. Income management accounts may have a nil balance.... 252

123WE.................. One income management account per person................. 252

123WF.................. Credits to, and debits from, a person’s income management account       253

Subdivision B—Account statements                                                                  253

123WG.................. Internet and telephone access to account statements etc.. 253

123WH.................. Person may request account statements.......................... 254

123WI................... Account statements to be given....................................... 254

Subdivision C—Miscellaneous                                                                            255

123WJ................... Payment of credit balances of income management accounts—person ceases to be subject to the income management regime........................................................ 255

123WJA................ Ceasing payment of credit balances of income management accounts—person becomes subject to the income management regime again............................................... 258

123WK.................. Payment into bank account etc. of credit balances of income management accounts—person ceases to be subject to the income management regime...................... 259

123WL.................. Payment of credit balances of income management accounts—person dies             260

123WM................. Payment into bank account etc. of credit balances of income management accounts—person dies          261

123WN.................. Crediting of amounts to income management accounts—Ministerial rules              262

Division 5—Deductions from welfare payments                                        263

Subdivision B—Child protection                                                                        263

123XI.................... Deductions from category I welfare payments—instalments 263

123XJ.................... Deductions from category I welfare payments—lump sums 264

Subdivision BA—Vulnerable welfare payment recipients                          265

123XJA................. Deductions from category I welfare payments—instalments 265

123XJB................. Deductions from category I welfare payments—lump sums 266

Subdivision BB—Disengaged youth and long‑term welfare payment recipients           267

123XJC................. Deductions from category I welfare payments—instalments 267

123XJD................. Deductions from category I welfare payments—lump sums 268

Subdivision C—School enrolment and attendance                                        269

123XK................... Deductions from category I welfare payments—instalments 269

123XL................... Deductions from category I welfare payments—lump sums 270

Subdivision D—Queensland Commission                                                        271

123XM.................. Deductions from category Q welfare payments—instalments  271

123XN.................. Deductions from category Q welfare payments—lump sums  271

123XO.................. Deductions from category S welfare payments—instalments  272

123XP................... Deductions from category S welfare payments—lump sums.. 273

Subdivision DAA—Other State/Territory referrals                                     274

123XPAA............. Deductions from category I welfare payments—instalments 274

123XPAB............. Deductions from category I welfare payments—lump sums 275

Subdivision DA—Voluntary income management agreements                 276

123XPA................ Deductions from category I welfare payments—instalments 276

123XPB................ Deductions from category I welfare payments—lump sums 277

Subdivision DB—Economic security strategy payments and household stimulus payments      278

123XPC................ Deductions from economic security strategy payments.. 278

123XPD................ Deductions from household stimulus payments............. 279

Subdivision DC—Relocation scholarship payments                                     279

123XPG................ Deductions from relocation scholarship payments.......... 279

Subdivision DE—Clean energy income‑managed payments                      280

123XPJ................. Deductions from clean energy income‑managed payments 280

Subdivision DF—ETR income‑managed payments                                      281

123XPK................ Deductions from ETR income‑managed payments......... 281

Subdivision E—Deducted amount taken to have been paid                         281

123XQ.................. Deducted amount taken to have been paid...................... 281

Division 6—Debits from income management accounts                        283

Subdivision A—General                                                                                       283

123YA.................. Priority needs—application of income management account 283

123YB................... Secretary must have regard to the best interests of children 284

Subdivision B—Restricted debits                                                                       285

123YC................... Vouchers—general......................................................... 285

123YD.................. Vouchers—Part 3B payment nominee............................ 286

123YE................... Stored value cards—general........................................... 288

123YF................... Stored value cards—Part 3B payment nominee.............. 290

123YG.................. Expense payment—general............................................. 292

123YH.................. Expense payment—Part 3B payment nominee............... 294

123YI.................... Crediting of account—general........................................ 295

123YJ.................... Crediting of account—Part 3B payment nominee........... 297

123YK................... Transfers to accounts—general....................................... 299

123YL................... Transfers to accounts—Part 3B payment nominee......... 301

123YM.................. Restricted direct payment—general................................. 302

123YN.................. Restricted direct payment—Part 3B payment nominee... 305

Subdivision C—Unrestricted debits                                                                   308

123YO.................. Unrestricted direct payment—general............................. 308

123YP................... Unrestricted direct payment—Part 3B payment nominee 310

Subdivision D—Miscellaneous action                                                               312

123YQ.................. Miscellaneous action....................................................... 312

123YR................... Credit of income management account in error............... 314

Division 7—Information                                                                                         315

123ZB................... Information‑gathering powers—school enrolment and attendance           315

123ZC................... Child protection—notice of cancellation of category H welfare payments               315

123ZD................... Queensland Commission—notice of cancellation of welfare payments   316

123ZDA................ Other State/Territory referrals—notice of cancellation of category H welfare payments          316

123ZE.................... Disclosure of information to the Secretary—child protection.. 317

123ZEA................. Disclosure of information to the Secretary—Queensland Commission   317

123ZEAA.............. Disclosure of information to the Secretary—other State/Territory referrals             318

123ZEB................. Disclosure of information to the Secretary—school enrolment and attendance        319

Division 8—Debt recovery etc.                                                                           320

123ZF.................... Person other than payee obtaining payment of a cheque. 320

123ZG................... Misuse of vouchers and stored value cards.................... 321

123ZH................... Repayment of money credited to an account................... 322

123ZI..................... Breach of condition relating to crediting of account........ 323

123ZIA.................. Balance of income management account falls below value of action taken under Division 6   324

123ZJ.................... Value of action taken under Division 6 exceeds credit balance of income management account              325

123ZJA................. Action purportedly taken under Division 6 as a result of administrative error         328

Division 9—Miscellaneous                                                                                     331

123ZK................... Secretary must comply with certain directions given by the Queensland Commission            331

123ZL.................... Surrender of unused vouchers and unused stored value cards 331

123ZM.................. Vouchers........................................................................ 332

123ZN................... Appropriation................................................................. 333

123ZNA................ Recording of amounts in accounts and records............... 334

123ZO................... This Part has effect despite other provisions etc............. 334

Part 3C—Schooling requirements                                                                           335

Division 1—General                                                                                                  335

124........................ Scope.............................................................................. 335

124A..................... Enrolment and attendance at school................................ 336

124B...................... Schooling requirement child........................................... 336

124C...................... Schooling requirement determination.............................. 337

124D..................... Schooling requirement payments.................................... 337

124E...................... Application to payments under the Veterans’ Entitlements Act                338

Division 2—School enrolment                                                                              340

124F...................... School enrolment—enrolment notices............................ 340

124G..................... School enrolment—condition of schooling requirement payments          341

124H..................... School enrolment—suspension or cancellation for non‑compliance with enrolment notice     342

124J....................... School enrolment—when payments become payable after suspension    343

Division 3—School attendance notices                                                            346

124K...................... School attendance—attendance notices........................... 346

124L...................... School attendance—condition of schooling requirement payments          347

124M..................... School attendance—suspension or cancellation for non‑compliance with attendance notice    348

124N..................... School attendance—when payments become payable after suspension   349

Division 3A—School attendance plans                                                            352

124NA.................. When this Division applies............................................. 352

124NB................... Conference notices.......................................................... 352

124NC................... School attendance plans.................................................. 352

124ND.................. Compliance notices......................................................... 353

124NE................... School attendance—condition of schooling requirement payments          354

124NF................... School attendance—suspension or cancellation for non‑compliance with compliance notice   355

124NG.................. School attendance—when payments become payable after suspension   356

Division 4—Information about schooling                                                      360

124P...................... Schooling requirements—information about schooling.. 360

Division 5—General provisions                                                                          361

124PA................... Relationship between Divisions of this Part................... 361

Part 3D—Trial of cashless welfare arrangements                                         362

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        362

124PB................... Simplified outline............................................................ 362

124PC................... Objects............................................................................ 362

124PD................... Definitions...................................................................... 362

124PE.................... Community body............................................................ 365

Division 2—Persons subject to cashless welfare arrangements        366

Subdivision A—Trial of cashless welfare arrangements                             366

124PF.................... Trial of cashless welfare arrangements........................... 366

124PG................... Trial participants............................................................. 366

Subdivision B—Voluntary participation in cashless welfare arrangements  367

124PH................... Voluntary participants..................................................... 367

124PI..................... Minister may determine that persons may not be voluntary participants  368

Division 3—Cashless welfare arrangement rules                                      369

Subdivision A—Splitting and payment of restrictable payments              369

124PJ.................... Restrictable payment to be split into restricted and unrestricted portions  369

124PK................... Secretary must comply with directions given by a community body        369

124PL.................... Payment of restricted portion of restrictable payment..... 370

Subdivision B—Recipient’s use of restrictable payments etc.                     371

124PM.................. Recipient’s use of funds from restrictable payments....... 371

Division 4—Information                                                                                         372

124PN................... Disclosure of information to the Secretary—financial institution             372

124PO................... Disclosure of information to the Secretary—community body                372

Division 5—Miscellaneous                                                                                     373

124PP.................... Welfare restricted bank accounts..................................... 373

124PQ................... Exceptions to Part IV of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010         373

124PR................... This Part has effect despite other provisions etc............. 374

Part 4—Internal review of decisions                                                                      375

Division 1—Effect of Part                                                                                      375

124Q..................... Application of Part to decisions under repealed laws...... 375

125........................ Decisions by officers under instruments......................... 375

Division 2—Internal review                                                                                  376

126........................ Review of decisions by Secretary................................... 376

126A..................... Review of determination of youth allowance rate in relation to maintenance income               376

127........................ Decisions that are not reviewable by the Secretary......... 377

128........................ Notice to AAT Registrar................................................. 378

129........................ Application for review.................................................... 378

130........................ Withdrawal of application............................................... 379

131........................ Secretary may continue payment pending outcome of application for review          379

132........................ Guidelines for exercise of Secretary’s power to continue payment          381

135........................ Review of decisions following application under section 129  381

136........................ Notice of decision on review.......................................... 382

137........................ Certain decisions not to be revived................................. 382

138........................ Notification of further rights of review........................... 385

Division 2A—Internal review of certain Commissioner decisions relating to student start‑up loans   386

138A..................... Decisions reviewable under this Division....................... 386

138B...................... Commissioner must give reasons for reviewable decisions 386

138C...................... Reviewer of decisions..................................................... 386

138D..................... Reviewer may reconsider reviewable decisions.............. 387

138E...................... Notice to AAT Registrar................................................. 387

138F...................... Reconsideration of reviewable decisions on request....... 388

138G..................... Withdrawal of request..................................................... 389

138H..................... AAT review of reviewable decisions.............................. 389

138J....................... Decision changed before AAT review completed........... 389

Part 4A—Review by the AAT                                                                                   391

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                          391

139........................ Simplified outline of this Part......................................... 391

Division 2—AAT first review                                                                               392

Subdivision A—Preliminary                                                                               392

140........................ Application of Division.................................................. 392

140A..................... Definitions of employment pathway plan decision and section 525B decision         392

Subdivision B—AAT first review: applications                                             393

142........................ Reviewable decisions...................................................... 393

142A..................... Person who made the decision........................................ 393

143........................ Application requirement—employment pathway plan decisions              394

144........................ Non‑reviewable decisions............................................... 394

145........................ Secretary may continue payment pending outcome of application for review          395

146........................ Guidelines for exercise of Secretary’s power to continue payment          397

Subdivision C—AAT first review: relationship with AAT Act                   397

147........................ Application and modification of AAT Act...................... 397

Subdivision D—AAT first review: other matters                                           400

148........................ Procedure on receipt of application for AAT first review 400

165........................ Provision of further information by Secretary................ 401

165A..................... Power to obtain information or documents..................... 401

166........................ Exercise by Secretary of powers under section 192........ 401

168........................ Hearing in private........................................................... 402

176........................ Costs of review............................................................... 402

177........................ Assessment of rate of social security payment................ 402

178........................ Notification of decisions and reasons for AAT first review 403

Division 3—AAT second review                                                                         405

Subdivision A—AAT second review: applications                                         405

179........................ Application for AAT second review............................... 405

Subdivision B—AAT second review: relationship with AAT Act               405

180........................ Application and modification of AAT Act...................... 405

Division 4—Matters relating to AAT first review and AAT second review       407

181........................ Settlement of proceedings before the AAT..................... 407

182........................ Variation or substitution of decision before AAT review determined      407

183........................ Secretary or AAT may treat event as having occurred.... 407

Part 5—Information management                                                                          409

Division 1—Information gathering                                                                   409

191........................ Application of Division.................................................. 409

192........................ General power to obtain information.............................. 409

193........................ Power to obtain information from a person who owes a debt to the Commonwealth              410

194........................ Obtaining information about a person who owes a debt to the Commonwealth       410

195........................ Obtaining information to verify claims etc...................... 411

196........................ Written notice of requirement.......................................... 416

197........................ Offence—failure to comply with requirement................. 417

198........................ Obligations not affected by State or Territory laws......... 417

Division 2—End‑of‑employment statements                                                 418

199........................ Request for end‑of‑employment statement...................... 418

200........................ Offence—failure to give end‑of‑employment statement.. 418

Division 3—Confidentiality                                                                                   419

201........................ Operation of Division..................................................... 419

201A..................... Definition of officer........................................................ 419

202........................ Protection of personal information.................................. 419

203........................ Offence—unauthorised access to information................ 425

204........................ Offence—unauthorised use of protected information..... 425

204A..................... Use of tax file numbers................................................... 426

205........................ Offence—soliciting disclosure of protected information. 426

206........................ Offence—offering to supply protected information........ 427

207........................ Protection of certain documents etc. from production to court etc.           427

208........................ Disclosure of information by Secretary.......................... 428

209........................ Guidelines for exercise of Secretary’s disclosure powers 429

210........................ Officer’s declaration....................................................... 429

Part 6—Offences                                                                                                                430

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                          430

211........................ Application of Part.......................................................... 430

Division 2—Offences                                                                                                 431

212........................ False statement in connection with claim or hardship request  431

213........................ False statement to deceive or affect rates......................... 431

214........................ False statement or document........................................... 432

215........................ Obtaining payment that is not payable............................ 432

216........................ Payment obtained through fraud etc................................ 433

Division 3—Penalties                                                                                                435

217........................ Penalty for contravention of Division 2.......................... 435

218........................ Repayment of social security payment............................ 435

219........................ Penalty where person convicted of more than one offence 435

Division 4—Procedural matters                                                                         436

220........................ Joining of charges........................................................... 436

221........................ Particulars of each offence.............................................. 436

222........................ Trial of joined charges.................................................... 436

223........................ Evidentiary effect of Secretary’s certificate..................... 436

224........................ Enforcement of court certificate as judgment.................. 437

Division 5—Liability of certain employers and principals for offences 438

Subdivision A—Interpretation                                                                            438

225........................ State of mind of a person................................................ 438

228........................ Offence........................................................................... 438

Subdivision C—Proceedings against non‑corporations                               438

231........................ State of mind of individual.............................................. 438

232........................ Conduct of employee or agent........................................ 439

233........................ Exclusion of imprisonment as penalty for certain offences 439

Part 7—Miscellaneous                                                                                                     440

234........................ Delegation....................................................................... 440

235........................ Authorised review officers............................................. 441

236........................ Decisions to be in writing............................................... 441

237........................ Notice of decisions......................................................... 441

238........................ Payments to Commissioner of Taxation or the Child Support Registrar  442

239........................ Judicial notice of certain matters..................................... 443

240........................ Documentary evidence.................................................... 443

240A..................... Form of cards................................................................. 445

240B...................... Restrictions on listing of dependants.............................. 446

240C...................... Issue of replacement card on expiry of certain concession cards              447

241........................ Annual report.................................................................. 448

242........................ Appropriation................................................................. 448

243........................ Regulations..................................................................... 448

243A..................... Review of operation of Youth Jobs PaTH program....... 449

Part 8—Transitional and saving provisions                                                       451

244........................ Construction of references to 1991 Act.......................... 451

245........................ Correspondence of provisions........................................ 451

246........................ Saving of social security payments and concession cards 452

247........................ Saving of instruments under 1991 Act........................... 452

248........................ Saving of claims for social security payments and concession cards       453

249........................ Transitional instalment period......................................... 453

250........................ Application for amount owing at recipient's death.......... 454

251........................ Power to obtain information about events etc. before 20 March 2000     454

252........................ Unfinished reviews by Secretary.................................... 454

255........................ Saving of steps in review process................................... 455

256........................ Entitlements and liabilities............................................... 455

257........................ Transitional regulations................................................... 456

Schedule 1—Dictionary                                                                                       457

1............................ Definitions...................................................................... 457

Schedule 2—Rules for working out start day                              463

Part 1—Introductory                                                                                                       463

1............................ Definitions...................................................................... 463

2............................ Different start days under Parts 2 and 3.......................... 463

Part 2—General rules                                                                                                      465

3............................ Start day—general rule................................................... 465

4............................ Start day—early claim..................................................... 466

5............................ Effect of exclusion period............................................... 468

5A......................... Start day for parenting payment where one member of a couple commits a serious failure or is unemployed as a result of a voluntary act or misconduct......................... 469

6............................ Saving............................................................................. 469

Part 3—Backdated start day                                                                                       470

Division 1—Explanatory                                                                                        470

7............................ Explanation of Part......................................................... 470

Division 2—Rules applying to all or most social security payments 471

8............................ Claim made soon after partner’s claim............................ 471

9............................ Claim by transferee......................................................... 471

10.......................... Claim soon after childbirth.............................................. 472

11.......................... Incapacitated claimant..................................................... 472

12.......................... Claim after death of partner............................................. 473

13.......................... Claim for social security payment following claim for AGDRP              473

Division 3—Rules applying to particular social security payments 474

15.......................... Certain persons subject to cancellation of austudy payment, newstart allowance, youth allowance or special benefit............................................................................. 474

15A....................... Carer payment claimed on or after 1 July 2009 and before 1 October 2009             474

18.......................... Double orphan pension................................................... 475

19.......................... Double orphan pension—claim following death of former recipient        475

28.......................... Newstart allowance—claimant for disability support pension  475

29.......................... Parenting payment.......................................................... 476

30.......................... Pensioner education supplement..................................... 476

31.......................... Pensioner education supplement: claim before 1 April... 476

32.......................... Pensioner education supplement: claim before 1 August 477

33.......................... Sickness allowance: incapacitated claimant..................... 477

34.......................... Youth allowance: incapacitated claimant......................... 477

35.......................... Youth allowance—claimant for disability support pension 478

36.......................... Youth allowance—initial claim for family tax benefit..... 478

Division 4—Rules applying to health care cards                                       479

37.......................... Health care cards, other than automatic issue health care cards                479

Schedule 5—Provisions relating to the Chief Executive Centrelink etc.   481

1............................ References to the Secretary and the Department—requirements etc. by delegate     481

2............................ References to the Secretary and the Department—directions by Secretary               482

Endnotes                                                                                                                                  484

Endnote 1—About the endnotes                                                                          484

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key                                                                              486

Endnote 3—Legislation history                                                                           487

Endnote 4—Amendment history                                                                         511


An Act to provide for the administration of the social security law, and for related purposes

Part 1Preliminary

  

1  Short title

                   This Act may be cited as the Social Security (Administration) Act 1999.

2  Commencement

             (1)  Subject to subsections (2) and (3), this Act commences on 20 March 2000.

             (2)  This Part and section 257 commence on the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent.

             (3)  Section 54 commences on 1 July 2000.

2A  Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code applies to all offences against this Act.

3  Interpretation

             (1)  Unless a contrary intention appears, an expression that is defined in Schedule 1 has in this Act the meaning given in that Schedule.

             (2)  Unless a contrary intention appears, an expression that is used in the 1991 Act has the same meaning, when used in this Act, as in the 1991 Act.

             (3)  A reference in this Act to the social security law (other than the reference in section 4) is a reference to this Act, the 1991 Act and any other Act that is expressed to form part of the social security law.

             (4)  A reference in this Act to a provision of the social security law is a reference to a provision of this Act, the 1991 Act or any other Act that is expressed to form part of the social security law.

             (5)  To the extent that a provision of this Act relates to a double orphan pension, a reference in the provision to a person includes a reference to an approved care organisation.

             (6)  Unless a contrary intention appears, a reference in this Act (other than a reference in section 243):

                     (a)  to this Act; or

                     (b)  to the social security law;

includes a reference to regulations made under section 243.

4  Social security law

                   This Act forms part of the social security law.

5  Manner of giving notice

             (1)  If a provision of the social security law requires that a written notice be given to a person, it is sufficient compliance with that provision if the notice is given in a manner approved by the Secretary.

             (2)  Nothing in subsection (1) prevents a notice being given in accordance with section 28A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

6  Effect of certain determinations

                   If the social security law provides that a determination takes effect on a day (the earlier day) before the day on which the determination is made, the social security law has effect as if the determination had taken effect on the earlier day.

6A  Secretary may arrange for use of computer programs to make decisions

             (1)  The Secretary may arrange for the use, under the Secretary’s control, of computer programs for any purposes for which the Secretary may make decisions under the social security law.

             (2)  A decision made by the operation of a computer program under an arrangement made under subsection (1) is taken to be a decision made by the Secretary.

6B  Norfolk Island

                   This Act extends to Norfolk Island.

Part 2General administration of social security law

  

7  General administration of social security law

                   The Secretary is, subject to any direction of the Minister, to have the general administration of the social security law.

8  Principles of administration

                   In administering the social security law, the Secretary is to have regard to:

                     (a)  the desirability of achieving the following results:

                              (i)  the ready availability to members of the public of advice and information services relating to income support generally and to the social security payments that are available;

                             (ii)  the ready availability of publications containing clear statements about income support entitlements and procedural requirements;

                            (iii)  the delivery of services under the law in a fair, courteous, prompt and cost‑efficient manner;

                            (iv)  the development of a process of monitoring and evaluating delivery of programs with an emphasis on the impact of programs on social security recipients;

                             (v)  the establishment of procedures to ensure that abuses of the social security system are minimised; and

                     (b)  the special needs of disadvantaged groups in the community; and

                     (c)  the need to be responsive to the interests of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities and to cultural and linguistic diversity; and

                     (d)  the importance of the system of review of decisions under the social security law; and

                     (e)  the need to ensure that social security recipients have adequate information regarding the system of review of decisions under the social security law; and

                      (f)  the need to apply government policy in accordance with the law and with due regard to relevant decisions of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal.

10  Agreement on administrative arrangements

             (2)  The Secretary and the Employment Secretary may agree on administrative arrangements to further the objectives of Part 2.12 of the 1991 Act.

             (3)  Administrative arrangements agreed on under subsection (2) may provide for officers of the Employment Department to perform functions or duties, or exercise powers, under Part 2.12 of the 1991 Act.

Part 3Provision of benefits

Division 1Claim for social security payment or concession card

Subdivision ANeed for claim

11  General rule

             (1)  Subject to subsections (2) to (4) and Subdivision B, a person who wants to be granted:

                     (a)  a social security payment; or

                     (b)  a concession card;

must make a claim for the payment or card in accordance with this Division.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a concession card for which a person is qualified under Division 1 of Part 2A.1 of the 1991 Act or under Subdivision A of Division 3 of that Part.

             (3)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a seniors health card that the Secretary must issue to a person under subsection 1061ZJA(3) or (4) of the 1991 Act.

             (4)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a health care card that the Secretary must issue to a person under subsection 1061ZRA(3) or (4) of the 1991 Act.

Subdivision BCases where claim not necessary

12  Deemed claim in certain cases

             (1)  The Secretary may determine that, for the purposes of the social security law, a person is taken to have made a claim for an income support payment (the new payment), if:

                     (a)  the person became qualified for the new payment while receiving another income support payment; or

                     (b)  the person became qualified for the new payment immediately after ceasing to receive another income support payment.

             (2)  The person is taken to have made the claim for the new payment on the day specified in the Secretary’s determination. That day must not be earlier than:

                     (a)  the day that is 13 weeks before the day on which the Secretary’s determination is made; or

                     (b)  if the person became qualified for the new payment after the day referred to in paragraph (a)—the day on which the person became qualified for the new payment.

12A  One‑off payment to the aged

                   A claim is not required for one‑off payment to the aged.

12AAA  One‑off payments to older Australians

                   A claim is not required for:

                     (a)  2006 one‑off payment to older Australians; or

                     (b)  2007 one‑off payment to older Australians; or

                     (c)  2008 one‑off payment to older Australians.

12AA  One‑off payments to carers

                   A claim is not required for the following:

                     (a)  one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related);

                     (b)  one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related);

                     (c)  2005 one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related);

                     (d)  2005 one‑off payment to carers (carer service pension related);

                     (e)  2005 one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related);

                      (f)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related);

                     (g)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (wife pension related);

                     (h)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (partner service pension related);

                      (i)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (carer service pension related);

                      (j)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related);

                     (k)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related);

                      (l)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (wife pension related);

                    (m)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (partner service pension related);

                     (n)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (carer service pension related);

                     (o)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related);

                     (p)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related);

                     (q)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (wife pension related);

                      (r)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (partner service pension related);

                      (s)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (carer service pension related);

                      (t)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related).

12AB  Economic security strategy payment and training and learning bonus

                   A claim is not required for an economic security strategy payment or training and learning bonus.

12AC  One‑off energy assistance payment

                   A claim is not required for a one‑off energy assistance payment under Part 2.6 of the 1991 Act.

12B  Language, literacy and numeracy supplement

                   A claim is not required for language, literacy and numeracy supplement.

12C  Utilities allowance

                   A claim is not required for utilities allowance.

12D  Energy supplement

                   A claim is not required for energy supplement under Part 2.25B of the 1991 Act.

12DA  Quarterly pension supplement

                   A claim is not required for quarterly pension supplement.

12DB  Quarterly energy supplement

                   A claim is not required for quarterly energy supplement.

12E  Child disability assistance

                   A claim is not required for child disability assistance.

12F  Carer allowance

                   A claim is not required for carer allowance if the person qualifies for the carer allowance under section 954B.

12G  Carer supplement

                   A claim is not required for carer supplement.

12H  Relocation scholarship payment

                   A claim is not required for a relocation scholarship payment.

12K  Clean energy advance

                   A claim is not required for a clean energy advance.

13  Deemed claim—person contacting Department about a claim for a social security payment

             (1)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  the Department is contacted by or on behalf of a person in relation to a claim for a social security payment; and

                     (b)  the person is, on the day on which the Department is contacted, qualified for the social security payment; and

                     (c)  the Secretary gives the person a written notice acknowledging that the Department has been contacted in relation to the making of the claim; and

                     (d)  the person lodges a claim for the social security payment within 14 days after the Department is contacted;

the person is taken to have made a claim for the social security payment on the day on which the Department was contacted.

             (2)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  the Department is contacted by or on behalf of a person in relation to a claim for a social security payment, other than crisis payment or special employment advance; and

                     (b)  the person is, on the day on which the Department is contacted, qualified for the social security payment; and

                     (c)  the Secretary gives the person a written notice acknowledging that the Department has been contacted in relation to the making of the claim; and

                     (d)  the person lodges a claim for the payment more than 14 days, but not more than 13 weeks, after the Department is contacted; and

                     (e)  the Secretary is satisfied that:

                              (i)  throughout the period starting on the day on which the Department was contacted and ending on the day on which the person lodged the claim, the person was suffering from a medical condition; and

                             (ii)  that medical condition, or circumstances related to that medical condition, had a significant adverse effect on the person’s ability to lodge the claim earlier;

the person is taken to have made a claim for the social security payment on the day on which the Department was contacted.

             (3)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  the Department is contacted by or on behalf of a person (the claimant) in relation to a claim for a social security payment, other than crisis payment or special employment advance; and

                     (b)  the claimant is, on the day on which the Department is contacted, qualified for the social security payment; and

                     (c)  the Secretary gives the claimant a written notice acknowledging that the Department has been contacted in relation to the making of the claim; and

                     (d)  the claimant lodges a claim for the payment more than 14 days, but not more than 13 weeks, after the Department is contacted; and

                     (e)  the Secretary is satisfied that:

                              (i)  throughout the period starting on the day on which the Department was contacted and ending on the day on which the claimant lodged the claim, the claimant was caring for, or was the partner of, another person; and

                             (ii)  throughout that period, the other person suffered from a medical condition; and

                            (iii)  the medical condition, or circumstances related to the medical condition, from which the other person was suffering had a significant adverse effect on the claimant’s ability to lodge the claim earlier;

the claimant is taken to have made a claim for the social security payment on the day on which the Department was contacted.

          (3A)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  the Department is contacted by or on behalf of a person in relation to a claim for a social security payment; and

                     (b)  the person is, on the day on which the Department is contacted, qualified for the social security payment; and

                     (c)  the Secretary gives the person a written notice acknowledging that the Department has been contacted in relation to the making of the claim; and

                     (d)  the person lodges a claim for the social security payment more than 14 days, but not more than 13 weeks, after the Department is contacted; and

                     (e)  the Secretary is satisfied that, in the special circumstances of the case, it was not reasonably practicable for the person to lodge the claim earlier;

the person is taken to have made a claim for the social security payment on the day on which the Department was contacted.

             (4)  A reference in this section to the Department being contacted includes a reference to the Department being contacted by post or telephone or by the transmission of a message by the use of fax, computer equipment or other electronic means.

             (5)  This section has effect subject to section 18.

14  Deemed claim—person contacting Department about a claim for a concession card

             (1)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  the Department is contacted by or on behalf of a person in relation to a claim for a concession card; and

                     (b)  the person is, on the day on which the Department is contacted, qualified for the concession card; and

                     (c)  the Secretary gives the person a written notice acknowledging that the Department has been contacted in relation to the making of the claim; and

                     (d)  the person lodges a claim for the concession card within 14 days after he or she contacts the Department;

the person is taken to have made a claim for the concession card on the day on which the Department was contacted.

             (2)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  the Department is contacted by or on behalf of a person in relation to a claim for a concession card; and

                     (b)  the person is, on the day on which the Department is contacted, qualified for the concession card; and

                     (c)  the Secretary gives the person a written notice acknowledging that the Department has been contacted in relation to the making of the claim; and

                     (d)  the person lodges a claim for the concession card more than 14 days, but not more than 13 weeks, after the Department is contacted; and

                     (e)  the Secretary is satisfied that:

                              (i)  throughout the period starting on the day on which the Department was contacted and ending on the day on which the person lodged the claim, the person was suffering from a medical condition; and

                             (ii)  that medical condition, or circumstances related to that medical condition, had a significant adverse effect on the person’s ability to lodge the claim earlier;

the person is taken to have made a claim for the concession card on the day on which the Department was contacted.

             (3)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  the Department is contacted by or on behalf of a person (the claimant) in relation to a claim for a concession card; and

                     (b)  the claimant is, on the day on which the Department is contacted, qualified for the concession card; and

                     (c)  the Secretary gives the claimant a written notice acknowledging that the Department has been contacted in relation to the making of the claim; and

                     (d)  the claimant lodges a claim for the concession card more than 14 days, but not more than 13 weeks, after the Department is contacted; and

                     (e)  the Secretary is satisfied that:

                              (i)  throughout the period starting on the day on which the Department was contacted and ending on the day on which the claimant lodged the claim, the claimant was caring for, or was the partner of, another person; and

                             (ii)  throughout that period, the other person suffered from a medical condition; and

                            (iii)  the medical condition, or circumstances related to the medical condition, from which the other person was suffering had a significant adverse effect on the claimant’s ability to lodge the claim earlier;

the claimant is taken to have made a claim for the concession card on the day on which the Department was contacted.

          (3A)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  the Department is contacted by or on behalf of a person in relation to a claim for a concession card; and

                     (b)  the person is, on the day on which the Department is contacted, qualified for the concession card; and

                     (c)  the Secretary gives the person a written notice acknowledging that the Department has been contacted in relation to the making of the claim; and

                     (d)  the person lodges a claim for the concession card more than 14 days, but not more than 13 weeks, after the Department is contacted; and

                     (e)  the Secretary is satisfied that, in the special circumstances of the case, it was not reasonably practicable for the person to lodge the claim earlier;

the person is taken to have made a claim for the concession card on the day on which the Department was contacted.

             (4)  A reference in this section to the Department being contacted includes a reference to the Department being contacted by post or telephone or by the transmission of a message by the use of fax, computer equipment or other electronic means.

15  Deemed claim—incorrect or inappropriate claims

             (1)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  a person makes an incorrect claim; and

                     (b)  the person subsequently makes a claim for a social security payment for which the person is qualified; and

                     (c)  the Secretary is satisfied that it is reasonable that this subsection be applied;

the person is taken to have made a claim for that social security payment on the day on which he or she made the incorrect claim.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, a claim made by a person is an incorrect claim if:

                     (a)  the claim is for a social security payment, other than a supplementary payment; and

                     (b)  when the claim was made, the person was not qualified for the payment claimed but was qualified for another social security payment, other than a supplementary payment.

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, a claim made by a person is an incorrect claim if:

                     (a)  the claim is for a supplementary payment; and

                     (b)  when the claim was made, the person was not qualified for the payment claimed but was qualified for another supplementary payment.

             (4)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  a person makes a claim for a pension, allowance, benefit or other payment under a law of the Commonwealth, other than this Act or the 1991 Act, or under a program administered by the Commonwealth, that is similar in character to a social security payment, other than a supplementary payment (the initial claim); and

                     (b)  when the claim was made, the person was qualified for a social security payment, other than a supplementary payment; and

                     (c)  the person subsequently makes a claim for the social security payment referred to in paragraph (b) (the later claim); and

                     (d)  the Secretary is satisfied that it is reasonable that this subsection be applied;

the person is taken to have made the later claim on the day on which the initial claim was made.

          (4A)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  a person makes a claim for an income support payment (the initial claim); and

                     (b)  on the day on which the initial claim is made, the person is qualified for another income support payment (the other income support payment); and

                     (c)  the person subsequently makes a claim for the other income support payment (the later claim); and

                     (d)  the Secretary is satisfied that it is reasonable that this subsection be applied;

the person is taken to have made the later claim on the day on which the initial claim was made.

          (4B)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  a person makes a claim for a supplementary payment (the initial claim); and

                     (b)  on the day on which the initial claim is made, the person is qualified for another supplementary payment (the other supplementary payment); and

                     (c)  the person subsequently makes a claim for the other supplementary payment (the later claim); and

                     (d)  the Secretary is satisfied that it is reasonable that this subsection be applied;

the person is taken to have made the later claim on the day on which the initial claim was made.

             (5)  In this section:

supplementary payment means:

                     (a)  carer allowance; or

                     (b)  double orphan pension; or

                     (c)  education entry payment; or

                      (i)  mobility allowance; or

                      (j)  pensioner education supplement.

15A  Deemed claim—certain claims for carer allowance

Claim for carer payment rejected

             (1)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  on or after 1 July 2009, a person (the carer) makes a claim for a carer payment for caring for a person because the carer is qualified for the payment other than under paragraph 198(2)(d); and

                     (b)  the Secretary makes a determination rejecting the claim; and

                     (c)  within 28 days of being notified of the determination, the carer makes a claim for carer allowance for caring for the person; and

                     (d)  the carer is qualified under section 953 of the 1991 Act for carer allowance for the person; and

                     (e)  the Secretary is satisfied that it is reasonable that this section be applied;

the carer is taken to have made a claim for carer allowance on the day on which the carer made the claim for a carer payment.

Carer payment suspended or cancelled

             (2)  For the purposes of the social security law, if:

                     (a)  on or after 1 July 2009, a person (the carer) is receiving the carer payment for caring for one or more persons because the carer is qualified for the payment other than under paragraph 198(2)(d); and

                     (b)  the Secretary makes a determination cancelling or suspending the carer’s carer payment; and

                     (c)  within 28 days of being notified of the determination, the carer makes a claim for carer allowance for caring for the person; and

                     (d)  the carer is qualified under section 953 of the 1991 Act for carer allowance for the person; and

                     (e)  the Secretary is satisfied that it is reasonable that this section be applied;

the carer is taken to have made a claim for carer allowance on the day after the day on which the cancellation or suspension took effect.

Subdivision CManner of making a claim

16  How to make a claim

             (1)  A person makes a claim for a social security payment or a concession card:

                     (a)  by lodging a written claim for the payment or card; or

                     (b)  by making the claim in accordance with subsection (7).

             (2)  A written claim for the purpose of subsection (1) for one social security payment or for a concession card must be in accordance with a form approved by the Secretary.

             (3)  Two or more written claims by the same person may be combined in one claim. Such a claim must be made in accordance with a form approved by the Secretary for the purposes of this subsection.

             (4)  A written claim is lodged by being delivered:

                     (a)  to a person apparently performing duties at a place approved for the purpose by the Secretary; or

                     (b)  to a person approved for the purpose by the Secretary; or

                     (c)  in a manner, and to a place, approved for the purpose by the Secretary.

             (5)  Subject to subsection (6), a place or person approved for the purposes of subsection (4) must be a place or person in Australia.

             (6)  The Secretary may approve a place or person outside Australia for the purposes of subsection (4) for the lodgment of:

                     (a)  claims made under a scheduled international social security agreement; or

                     (b)  claims for AGDRP in relation to a major disaster that occurred outside Australia; or

                     (c)  claims for AVTOP.

             (7)  A person may make a claim in a manner approved by the Secretary for the purposes of this subsection.

             (8)  The power of the Secretary to make an approval under subsection (7) is not limited by any other provision of this section.

17  Special requirements regarding claims for pension bonus

             (1)  A claim for pension bonus must be:

                     (a)  attached to a proper claim made by the person for age pension and lodged together with that claim for age pension; or

                     (b)  made in accordance with an invitation under subsection (3); or

                     (c)  the subject of a determination under subsection (5).

             (2)  A claim for pension bonus may be made even though it is not certain whether the person will start to receive an age pension at or after the time when the person makes the claim. The claim has effect as a claim that is contingent on the person receiving an age pension.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a person makes a claim for an age pension; and

                     (b)  the claim is in accordance with a form that does not require the claimant to disclose whether the claimant is registered as a member of:

                              (i)  the pension bonus scheme; or

                             (ii)  the corresponding scheme under Part IIIAB of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act; and

                     (c)  the person is, to the knowledge of the Secretary, registered as a member of the pension bonus scheme; and

                     (d)  a claim by the person for pension bonus is not attached to the claim for age pension;

the Secretary must give the claimant a written notice inviting the claimant to lodge a claim for pension bonus:

                     (e)  within such period after the lodgment of the claim for age pension as is specified in the notice; and

                      (f)  at such place as in specified in the notice.

             (4)  If a claim for pension bonus is made in accordance with an invitation under subsection (3), the person is taken to have claimed the pension bonus at the same time as the person claimed age pension.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  a person who is a registered member of the pension bonus scheme lodges a claim for age pension; and

                     (b)  a claim for pension bonus for the person is lodged after the claim for age pension; and

                     (c)  the Secretary is satisfied that, having regard to guidelines (if any) made under subsection (6), special circumstances apply in relation to the lodgment of the claim for pension bonus;

the Secretary may determine that the claim for the pension bonus is taken to have been made at the time the person claimed age pension.

             (6)  The Secretary may, by legislative instrument, make guidelines for the purposes of subsection (5).

18  Additional provisions regarding claim for special employment advance

             (1)  A claim for special employment advance must specify the amount of special employment advance sought.

             (2)  Subject to subsection (3), if a claim based on the effect of the unreceived income on the claimant’s special employment advance qualifying entitlement is lodged before the first day for which the entitlement is not payable or is reduced as a result of the claimant, or the claimant’s partner, having earned the income, the claim is taken to have been made on that day.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  the claimant’s special employment advance qualifying entitlement referred to in subsection (2) is an entitlement in respect of which the Secretary has determined that this subsection applies; and

                     (b)  the claim is lodged before the day referred to in subsection (2);

the Secretary may treat the claim as having been made on a day earlier than the day referred to in subsection (2) that the Secretary considers appropriate having regard to the kind of entitlement concerned.

             (4)  A claim based on the need for financial assistance from the Commonwealth to take up offered employment must set out:

                     (a)  particulars (including the duration) of the employment; and

                     (b)  the way in which the financial assistance is to be expended to enable the claimant to take up the employment.

19  Special requirements regarding claims for essential medical equipment payment

             (1)  A claim for an essential medical equipment payment must include a statement by the person making the claim that the medical equipment to which the claim relates is used in the relevant EMEP residence.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person who provides care and attention for a person with medical needs makes a claim for an essential medical equipment payment; and

                     (b)  the person with medical needs is not a dependent child of that or any other person;

the claim must be signed by the person with medical needs.

Subdivision ETime limits for claims for pension bonus

20  Interpretation

                   An expression used in this Subdivision has the same meaning as it has in Part 2.2A of the 1991 Act.

21  General rule

             (1)  A claim for pension bonus must be made within the lodgment period fixed by this Subdivision.

             (2)  However, the Secretary may in special circumstances allow a person a longer period to make a claim than the period fixed by this Subdivision. If the Secretary does so, the lodgment period for the person’s claim is the period allowed by the Secretary.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not apply in relation to a claim for which the lodgment period is fixed by subsection 23(1).

22  Last bonus period a full‑year period

             (1)  If a person’s last bonus period is a full‑year period, the lodgment period for a claim by the person for pension bonus is the period of 13 weeks immediately following that bonus period. However, this rule does not apply if:

                     (a)  the person is an exempt partnered person for the purposes of section 24 at the end of the person’s last bonus period; or

                     (b)  the person’s membership of the pension bonus scheme becomes non‑accruing immediately after the end of the person’s last bonus period; or

                     (c)  the person is a post‑75 member of the pension bonus scheme and has a post‑75 work period (see subsection 26(2)).

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, if a person has accrued only one full‑year bonus period, that period is the person’s last bonus period.

23  Last bonus period a part‑year period

             (1)  If a person’s last bonus period is a part‑year period, the lodgment period for a claim by the person for pension bonus is:

                     (a)  the period of 13 weeks beginning at the end of that bonus period; or

                     (b)  if the Secretary allows a longer period—that longer period.

However, this subsection does not apply if:

                     (c)  the person is an exempt partnered person (see subsection 24(2)) at the end of the person’s last bonus period; or

                     (d)  the person’s membership of the pension bonus scheme becomes non‑accruing immediately after the end of the person’s last bonus period; or

                     (e)  the person is a post‑75 member of the pension bonus scheme and has a post‑75 work period (see subsection 26(2)).

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  subsection (1) applies to a person’s claim for pension bonus; and

                     (b)  the claim is lodged within a period allowed under paragraph (1)(b);

Division 6 of Part 2.2A of the 1991 Act has effect, in relation to the calculation of the amount of that pension bonus, as if the person had not accrued the part‑year bonus period.

24  Claim by exempt partnered person

             (1)  If a person is an exempt partnered person at the end of the person’s last bonus period, the lodgment period applicable to the person’s claim for pension bonus is the period:

                     (a)  beginning at the end of that bonus period; and

                     (b)  ending at:

                              (i)  the time of the last occasion on which the person’s partner could have lodged a claim for a pension bonus; or

                             (ii)  the end of the period of 13 weeks after the person ceases to be a member of the same couple (whether because of the death of the person’s partner or for any other reason);

                            whichever comes first.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, a person is an exempt partnered person at a particular time if, at that time, the person is a member of a couple and:

                     (a)  the person’s partner is an accruing or non‑accruing member of the pension bonus scheme; or

                     (b)  the person’s partner is an accruing or non‑accruing member of the corresponding scheme under Part IIIAB of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act.

25  Claim where membership has become non‑accruing

                   If a person’s membership of the pension bonus scheme becomes non‑accruing immediately after the end of the person’s last bonus period, the lodgment period applicable to the person’s claim for pension bonus is the period:

                     (a)  beginning at the end of the person’s last bonus period; and

                     (b)  ending 13 weeks after the time when the person’s membership of the scheme ceases to be non‑accruing.

26  Claim where person has post‑75 work period

             (1)  If a post‑75 member of the pension bonus scheme has a post‑75 work period, the lodgment period for a claim by the person for pension bonus is the period of 13 weeks beginning at the end of the period nominated in the claim as the person’s post‑75 work period.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, a post‑75 member of the pension bonus scheme has a post‑75 work period if all of the following requirements are satisfied:

                     (a)  the person’s claim for pension bonus nominates a particular period as the person’s post‑75 work period;

                     (b)  the nominated period begins immediately after the end of the person’s last bonus period;

                     (c)  if it were assumed that the person had been an accruing member of the pension bonus scheme throughout each test period that is applicable to the person, the person would have passed the work test for each test period.

             (3)  For the purposes of subsection (2), the test period or test periods applicable to a person are worked out as follows:

                     (a)  identify the extended period, which is that part of the nominated period when the person was neither:

                              (i)  subject to a compensation preclusion period or a carer preclusion period; nor

                             (ii)  covered by a declaration under section 92Q of the 1991 Act;

                     (b)  if the extended period is 365 days or less—the extended period is the only test period;

                     (c)  if the extended period is longer than 365 days—each of the following periods is a test period:

                              (i)  the full‑year period beginning at the start of the extended period;

                             (ii)  if 2 or more succeeding full‑year periods are included in the extended period—each of those full‑year periods;

                            (iii)  the period (if any) consisting of the remainder of the extended period.

             (4)  In addition to its effect apart from this subsection, section 93B of the 1991 Act also has the effect it would have if each reference in paragraph 93B(1)(a), (2)(a), (3)(a) or (4)(a) to an accruing member of the pension bonus scheme were a reference to a post‑75 member of the scheme.

Subdivision EATime limits for claims for pension bonus bereavement payment

26A  General rule

                   A person’s claim for pension bonus bereavement payment must be made within the period of 26 weeks beginning on the day of death of the partner in respect of whom the person is qualified for pension bonus bereavement payment.

26B  Extension

                   The Secretary may in special circumstances allow a person a longer period to make a claim than the period under section 26A. If the Secretary does so, the person’s claim must be made before the end of the period allowed by the Secretary.

Subdivision EBTime limits for claims for student start‑up loans

26C  Time limit for claim

             (1)  A person’s claim for a student start‑up loan for a qualification period must be made before the end of the qualification period.

             (2)  Despite subsection (1), a person’s claim for a student start‑up loan for a qualification period in which the person is expected to complete the relevant approved scholarship course must be made at least 35 days before the course end date.

Subdivision FTime limit for claims for fares allowance

27  Time limit for claim

             (1)  Subject to this section, a claim for fares allowance must be lodged in the study year to which the claim relates or before 1 April next following the end of that year (the final date).

             (2)  A claim for fares allowance may be lodged on or after the final date if the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the claimant took reasonable steps to lodge the claim, or have the claim lodged, before the final date; and

                     (b)  circumstances beyond the claimant’s control prevented the claim being lodged before the final date.

             (3)  A claim for fares allowance may be lodged on or after the final date if the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  circumstances beyond the claimant’s control prevented the claimant taking reasonable steps to lodge the claim, or have the claim lodged, before the final date; and

                     (b)  the claimant has sought to lodge the claim as soon as practicable after those circumstances ceased to exist.

Subdivision FAATime limit for claims for Disaster Recovery Allowance

27AA  Time limit for claims for Disaster Recovery Allowance

             (1)  A claim for a Disaster Recovery Allowance relating to a Part 2.23B major disaster must be lodged within 6 months after the determination of the disaster under section 36A of the 1991 Act.

             (2)  However, the claim may be lodged more than 6 months after the determination if the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  there are special circumstances applying to the person’s claim that justify a late lodgement; and

                     (b)  the claim is lodged within a reasonable period having regard to those circumstances.

Subdivision FATime limit for claims for AGDRP

27A  Time limit for claim

             (1)  A claim for an AGDRP relating to a major disaster must be lodged within 6 months after the determination of the disaster under section 36 of the 1991 Act.

             (2)  However, the claim may be lodged more than 6 months after the declaration if the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  there are special circumstances applying to the person’s claim that justify a late lodgment; and

                     (b)  the claim is lodged within a reasonable period having regard to those circumstances.

Subdivision FBTime limit for claims for AVTOP

27B  Time limit for claims for AVTOP

             (1)  A claim for an AVTOP by a primary victim of a declared overseas terrorist act must be lodged within 2 years after the day the declaration is made under subsection 35B(1) of the 1991 Act.

             (2)  A claim for an AVTOP by a secondary victim of a declared overseas terrorist act must be lodged within 12 months after the day the close family member to whom the claim relates died.

             (3)  However, a claim may be lodged after the period referred to in subsection (1) or (2) if the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  there are special circumstances applying to the person’s claim that justify a late lodgment; and

                     (b)  the claim is lodged within a reasonable period having regard to those circumstances.

Subdivision GAge requirement for certain claims

28  Claims for disability support pension

                   A person cannot make a claim for a disability support pension unless the person is under the pension age on the day on which the claim is lodged.

Subdivision HResidence requirements for claimants

29  General rule

             (1)  Subject to sections 30, 30A, 31, 31A and 32, a claim for a social security payment or a concession card may only be made by a person who:

                     (a)  is an Australian resident; and

                     (b)  is in Australia.

             (2)  Subject to sections 30, 30A, 31, 31A and 32, a claim made at a time when the claimant is not an Australian resident or is not in Australia is taken not to have been made.

30  Residence requirements for claimants for special benefit

                   A claim for special benefit may only be made by a person who:

                     (a)  is in Australia; and

                     (b)  satisfies one of the following subparagraphs:

                              (i)  the person is an Australian resident;

                            (iii)  the person holds a visa that is in a class of visas determined by the Minister for the purposes of subparagraph 729(2)(f)(v) of the 1991 Act.

30A  Exclusion from section 29 residence requirement of crisis payment claimants holding certain visas

                   Despite paragraph 29(1)(a), a person who is not an Australian resident may make a claim for a crisis payment if the person is qualified for special benefit because he or she is the holder of a visa that is in a class of visas determined by the Minister for the purposes of subparagraph 729(2)(f)(v) of the 1991 Act.

31  Exclusion of certain claims from requirements of section 29

             (1)  Section 29 does not apply to a claim for an AGDRP if the claim relates to a major disaster that occurred in Australia or outside Australia.

          (1A)  Section 29 does not apply to a claim for an AVTOP.

          (1B)  Section 29 does not apply to a claim for a Disaster Recovery Allowance.

             (2)  Section 29 does not apply to a claim for parenting payment if:

                     (a)  the claimant is an Australian resident; and

                     (b)  the claimant, while outside Australia, has been receiving an income support payment; and

                     (c)  the income support payment has been cancelled or has ceased to be payable; and

                     (d)  the claim is made within 13 weeks after the income support payment was cancelled or ceased to be payable, as the case may be.

             (3)  Section 29 does not apply to a claim for double orphan pension.

31A  Exclusion of certain claims by special category visa holders from section 29 residence requirement

                   Despite paragraph 29(1)(a), a person who is not an Australian resident may make a claim for a social security payment or a concession card if:

                     (a)  the person is a special category visa holder residing in Australia; and

                     (b)  in order to qualify for the payment or concession card concerned, the person is not required to be an Australian resident if the person is a special category visa holder residing in Australia.

32  Claims for sickness allowance

             (1)  This section only has effect in relation to a claim for sickness allowance.

             (2)  For the purposes of section 29, if:

                     (a)  a person is temporarily absent from Australia; and

                     (b)  the person is absent in order to seek medical treatment of a kind that is not available in Australia;

the person is taken to be in Australia:

                     (c)  if the period of absence does not exceed 6 weeks—during the whole of that period; or

                     (d)  if the period of absence exceeds 6 weeks—during the first 6 weeks of that period.

Subdivision IWithdrawal of claim

33  Right to withdraw

             (1)  A claimant for a social security payment or a concession card, or a person acting on behalf of such a claimant, may withdraw a claim that has not been determined.

             (2)  A claim that is withdrawn is taken not to have been made.

34  Manner of withdrawal

             (1)  A claim may be withdrawn orally or in writing or in any other manner approved by the Secretary.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person claims both a pension bonus and an age pension; and

                     (b)  the claim for an age pension is withdrawn;

the claim for a pension bonus is taken to have been withdrawn.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a person claims both a pension bonus and an age pension; and

                     (b)  the claim for an age pension is rejected as a direct or indirect result of the operation of:

                              (i)  Division 2 of Part 3.12 of the 1991 Act; or

                             (ii)  Part 3.14 of that Act;

the claim for a pension bonus is taken to have been withdrawn.

Subdivision JSpecial provision for certain claims

35  Claims by persons in gaol etc.

             (1)  A person who is:

                     (a)  in gaol; or

                     (b)  undergoing psychiatric confinement because he or she has been charged with an offence;

may make a claim for a social security pension or benefit or for a crisis payment not earlier than 3 weeks before the person’s expected release day.

             (2)  A day is a person’s expected release day for the purpose of subsection (1) if there are reasonable grounds for believing that the person will be released from gaol or psychiatric confinement on that day.

35A  Claims for advance pharmaceutical allowance

             (1)  A person may only make a claim for advance pharmaceutical allowance if the claim is made in accordance with subsection (2), (3) or (4).

             (2)  A person may make a claim for advance pharmaceutical allowance to be paid in a calendar year if:

                     (a)  the person has received an instalment of a social security pension in relation to an instalment period that included 31 December in the previous calendar year; and

                     (b)  the claim is lodged within 14 days after the end of that instalment period.

             (3)  A person may make a claim for advance pharmaceutical allowance to be paid in a calendar year if:

                     (a)  the person claims a social security pension in that year; and

                     (b)  the claim for advance pharmaceutical allowance is lodged:

                              (i)  when the claim for the pension is lodged; or

                             (ii)  after the claim for the pension is lodged but before that claim is determined.

             (4)  A person may make a claim for advance pharmaceutical allowance to be paid in a calendar year if:

                     (a)  the person has been qualified for pharmaceutical allowance for a period (the qualification period) during the calendar year; and

                     (b)  the amount spent by the person during the qualification period on the purchase of pharmaceutical benefits is equal to or greater than the total amount that has been paid to the person in the calendar year by way of:

                              (i)  pharmaceutical allowance; and

                             (ii)  advance pharmaceutical allowance.

35B  Secondary victim claims for AVTOP

             (1)  If a person makes a claim for an AVTOP as a secondary victim in relation to a close family member who has died, the Secretary must make reasonable inquiries as to whether there are other persons (a potential claimant) who may also qualify for an AVTOP as a secondary victim in relation to the same close family member.

             (2)  If the Secretary considers there are potential claimants, the Secretary must give each of them a written notice stating that:

                     (a)  he or she may make a claim for an AVTOP as a secondary victim in relation to the close family member; and

                     (b)  he or she must make a claim before the day (the claim due day) specified in the notice; and

                     (c)  if he or she fails to make a claim by the claim due day, an AVTOP in relation to the close family member will not be payable to him or her.

             (3)  The claim due day must be at least 30 days after the day the notice is given to the potential claimant.

             (4)  If the Secretary is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so, the Secretary may change the claim due day to a later day.

             (5)  If the Secretary changes the claim due day under subsection (4), then:

                     (a)  the Secretary must change the claim due day for each of the potential claimants to the new claim day; and

                     (b)  the Secretary must give each of the potential claimants a written notice of the new claim due day; and

                     (c)  the new claim due day is taken to be the day specified in the notice under subsection (2) for the purposes of subparagraph 1061PAC(b)(ii) of the 1991 Act.

Division 2Determination of claim

36  Obligation of Secretary to determine claim

             (1)  Subject to this section, the Secretary must, in accordance with the social security law, determine a claim for a social security payment or a concession card, either granting or rejecting the claim.

             (2)  If a person claims both a pension bonus and an age pension, the Secretary must not determine the claim for pension bonus until the claim for age pension has been granted.

             (3)  If more than one person makes a claim for an AVTOP as a secondary victim of a declared overseas terrorist act in relation to the same close family member, the Secretary must determine the claims at the same time.

             (4)  If a person claims a student start‑up loan for a qualification period, the Secretary may determine the person’s claim at a time the Secretary considers appropriate, having regard to the principle that, for a claim made before the start of the period of study concerned for the relevant approved scholarship course, the time should generally be close to the start of that period of study.

Note:          For approved scholarship course, see section 592M of the 1991 Act.

             (5)  Nothing in subsection (4) affects the operation of section 39.

37  Grant of claim

             (1)  Subject to this section and section 40, the Secretary must determine that a claim for a social security payment is to be granted if the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the claimant is qualified for the social security payment; and

                     (b)  the social security payment is payable.

          (1A)  The Secretary must determine that a claim for parenting payment is to be granted if the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the claimant is qualified, or is expected to be qualified, for the payment; and

                     (b)  the payment would be payable apart from the application of a compliance penalty period.

             (2)  The Secretary must determine that a claim for a newstart allowance is to be granted if the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the claimant is qualified, or is expected to be qualified, for the allowance; and

                     (b)  the allowance would be payable apart from:

                              (i)  the application of a waiting period; or

                             (ii)  the application of a compliance penalty period; or

                             (v)  the application of an income maintenance period where the rate of newstart allowance payable to the person is nil; or

                            (vi)  the operation of section 615 of the 1991 Act.

             (3)  The Secretary must determine that a claim for a social security payment to which this subsection applies is to be granted if the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the person is qualified, or is expected to be qualified, for the payment; and

                     (b)  the payment would be payable if the person were not subject to a seasonal work preclusion period.

             (4)  Subsection (3) applies to the following social security payments:

                     (a)  mature age allowance under Part 2.12A;

                     (b)  mature age allowance under Part 2.12B;

                     (c)  newstart allowance;

                     (d)  parenting payment;

                     (e)  partner allowance;

                      (f)  widow allowance;

                     (g)  youth allowance;

                    (ga)  special benefit;

                     (h)  disability support pension;

                      (i)  sickness allowance;

                      (j)  carer payment;

                     (k)  austudy payment.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  a determination has been made under subsection (1) granting a claim for a newstart allowance to a person who was qualified for the allowance under subsection 593(1B) of the 1991 Act; and

                     (b)  the person ceases to be qualified for the allowance under subsection 593(1B) of the 1991 Act but becomes qualified for the allowance under subsection 593(1) of that Act within 14 days after the person ceased to be qualified under subsection 593(1B);

the Secretary may make a determination varying the first‑mentioned determination to give effect to any change in the person’s start day.

             (6)  The Secretary must determine that a claim for youth allowance or austudy payment is to be granted if the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the person is qualified, or is expected to be qualified, for the allowance or payment; and

                     (b)  the allowance or payment would be payable, apart from:

                              (i)  the application of a waiting period; or

                             (ii)  the application of a compliance penalty period; or

                             (v)  the application of an income maintenance period where the rate of allowance or payment payable to the person is nil; or

                            (vi)  if the claim is a claim for youth allowance—the operation of section 547AA of the 1991 Act.

             (7)  The Secretary must determine that a claim made in accordance with section 35 for a social security pension or benefit or for a crisis payment is to be granted if the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the claimant:

                              (i)  is in gaol; or

                             (ii)  is undergoing psychiatric confinement because he or she has been charged with an offence; and

                     (b)  the claimant is expected to be in gaol or undergoing psychiatric confinement for at least 14 days; and

                     (c)  there are reasonable grounds for believing that the claimant will be released from gaol or psychiatric confinement on or before the day that is the claimant’s expected release day for the purposes of subsection 35(1); and

                     (d)  either:

                              (i)  in the case of a claim for a social security pension or benefit, the claimant is qualified for the pension or benefit; or

                             (ii)  in any case, the claimant is expected to be qualified for the pension, benefit or payment immediately after the claimant is released from gaol or psychiatric confinement; and

                     (e)  the pension, benefit or payment is expected to be payable to the claimant immediately after the claimant is released from gaol or psychiatric confinement.

             (8)  The Secretary must make a determination granting a claim for a concession card if the Secretary is satisfied that the claimant is qualified for the card.

Note:          The Secretary must not make a determination granting a claim for a seniors health card in certain circumstances if the Secretary makes a request under subsection 75(2) or (3) of the claimant (about providing tax file numbers): see subsections 76(1A) and 77(1A).

             (9)  A determination under subsection (8) granting a claim for a seniors health card:

                     (a)  must specify the period at the end of which the determination ceases to have effect; and

                     (b)  unless it has already been cancelled, ceases to have effect at the end of that period.

           (10)  A determination under subsection (8) granting a claim for a health care card under Subdivision B of Division 3 of Part 2A.1 of the 1991 Act:

                     (a)  must specify the period at the end of which the determination ceases to have effect; and

                     (b)  unless it has already been cancelled, ceases to have effect at the end of that period.

           (11)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine the periods that are to be specified in determinations for the purposes of subsections (9) and (10).

37AA  Grant of claim—schooling requirements

             (1)  Without limiting subsection 37(1), the Secretary must determine that a claim for a schooling requirement payment is to be granted if the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the person is qualified, or is expected to be qualified, for the payment; and

                     (b)  the payment would be payable if it were not for the application of subsection 124G(1), 124L(1) or 124NE(1).

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a schooling requirement payment under the Veterans’ Entitlements Act.

Note 1:       Schooling requirement payments are social security benefits, social security pensions and certain payments under the Veterans’ Entitlements Act (see section 124D of this Act).

Note 2:       Section 124G and 124L provide that a schooling requirement payment is not payable to a person if he or she fails to comply with an enrolment notice or an attendance notice after the end of an initial compliance period (unless he or she has a reasonable excuse or special circumstances apply). Section 124NE provides that a schooling requirement payment is not payable to a person if he or she fails to comply with a compliance notice (subject to exceptions in that section).

Note 3:       If the payment is suspended under section 124H, 124M or 124NF (because of the application of subsection 124G(1), 124L(1) or 124NE(1)) on the day the claim is granted, the start day for the payment is deferred until the suspension ends (at the earliest) (see clause 5 of Schedule 2).

37A  Duration of certain health care cards

             (1)  A seniors health card expires at the end of the period specified, for the purposes of subsection 37(9), in the determination granting the claim for the card.

          (1A)  However, subsection (1) does not apply to a seniors health card issued under subsection 1061ZJA(3) or (4) of the 1991 Act.

             (2)  A health care card granted to a person qualified for the card under Subdivision B of Division 3 of Part 2A.1 of the 1991 Act expires at the end of the period specified, for the purposes of subsection 37(10), in the determination granting the claim for the card.

          (2A)  However, subsection (2) does not apply to a health care card issued under subsection 1061ZRA(3) or (4) of the 1991 Act.

             (3)  A person to whom a concession card referred to in subsection (1) or (2) has been granted may make a claim for a further concession card before the first‑mentioned card expires.

38  Refusal of claim for special employment advance

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), the Secretary must refuse a claim for special employment advance if:

                     (a)  the claim is based on the effect of unreceived income on the claimant’s special employment advance qualifying entitlement; and

                     (b)  the Secretary is satisfied that the income will be received within 2 days after the claim is made.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the Secretary considers that the claimant’s financial needs are such that the claim should be granted.

             (3)  In this section:

unreceived income has the same meaning as in subsection 1061EM(1) of the 1991 Act.

39  Deemed refusal of claim

             (1)  Subject to subsections (3) and (9), if the Secretary does not make a determination regarding a claim within the period of 13 weeks after the day on which the claim was made, the Secretary is taken to have made, at the end of that period, a determination rejecting the claim.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a person makes a claim for a social security payment that is a relevant social security payment for the purposes of subclause 4(1) of Schedule 2; and

                     (b)  the person is not, on the day on which the claim is made, qualified for the payment; and

                     (c)  assuming the person does not sooner die, the person will, because of the passage of time or the occurrence of an event, become qualified for the payment within the period of 13 weeks after the day on which the claim is made; and

                     (d)  the person becomes so qualified within that period;

the claim is taken, for the purposes of subsection (1), to be made on the day on which the person becomes qualified.

             (4)  If the Secretary asks a person who has made a claim for a social security payment or a concession card or another person for information in relation to the claim, the period that:

                     (a)  begins on the day on which the Secretary asks for the information; and

                     (b)  ends on the day on which the information is given to the Secretary;

is not counted for the purpose of subsection (1).

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  a person makes a claim (the actual claim); and

                     (b)  apart from this subsection, the person would, by virtue of section 13 or 14, be taken to have made the claim on a particular day;

then, in spite of section 13 or 14, as the case may be, a reference in subsection (1) of this section to the day on which the claim was made is a reference to the day on which the actual claim was made.

             (6)  The Secretary may determine that a specified period, being a period that is longer than 13 weeks, applies for the purposes of claims for an AVTOP in relation to a declared overseas terrorist act.

             (7)  If, under subsection (6), there is a determination of a period in force for the purposes of claims for an AVTOP in relation to a declared overseas terrorist act, then this Act applies to those claims as if references in subsections (1) and (3) to the period of 13 weeks were references to the period referred to in the determination.

             (8)  A determination under subsection (6) is not a legislative instrument.

             (9)  A claim for a student start‑up loan for a qualification period made before the start of the qualification period is taken to have been made on the first day of the qualification period.

40  Rejection of claim for failure to obtain foreign payment

             (1)  The Secretary may make a determination rejecting a claim for a social security payment if:

                     (a)  the claimant has been given a notice under subsection 66(2); and

                     (b)  the Secretary is not satisfied that the claimant has taken reasonable action to obtain a comparable foreign payment at the highest rate applicable to the claimant within the period specified in the notice.

             (2)  The Secretary may make a determination rejecting a claim for a social security payment if:

                     (a)  the claimant has been given a notice under subsection 66(3); and

                     (b)  the Secretary is not satisfied that the claimant’s partner has taken reasonable action to obtain a comparable foreign payment at the highest rate applicable to the partner within the period specified in the notice.

Division 3Commencement of social security payment

41  Commencement

             (1)  Unless another provision of the social security law provides otherwise, a social security payment becomes payable to a person on the person’s start day in relation to the social security payment.

             (2)  Unless another provision of the social security law provides otherwise, a concession card takes effect on the person’s start day in relation to the card.

42  Start day

                   For the purposes of the social security law, a person’s start day in relation to a social security payment or a concession card is the day worked out in accordance with Schedule 2.

Division 3ACompliance with obligations in relation to participation payments

Subdivision AObject of this Division

42A  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Division:

•      The Secretary may determine that a person commits a no show no pay failure, a connection failure, a reconnection failure or a serious failure.

•      A person commits such a failure by failing to comply with his or her obligations in relation to a participation payment. The participation payments are newstart allowance, and for some people, youth allowance, parenting payment and special benefit.

•      For a no show no pay failure, a penalty amount is deducted from the person’s participation payment.

•      For a connection failure, a requirement may be imposed on the person (and if the person fails to comply with the requirement, the person commits a reconnection failure).

•      For a reconnection failure, generally a penalty amount is deducted from the person’s participation payment until the person complies with a requirement imposed on the person.

•      For a serious failure, a participation payment is not payable to the person for 8 weeks. The 8 week period may be ended in certain circumstances.

•      The Secretary may also determine that a person is unemployed as a result of a voluntary act or misconduct. If the Secretary does so, a participation payment is not payable to the person for either 8 or 12 weeks, depending on the circumstances.

•      The Secretary may also determine that a participation payment is not payable to a person for a period because of certain failures. Once that period ends, the person may be able to receive back pay. For a failure to attend an appointment, a penalty amount may be deducted from the person’s participation payment.

42B  Object of this Division

             (1)  The object of this Division is to encourage people to participate in employment and engage with employment services. It is also the object of this Division to secure compliance with a person’s obligations and requirements in relation to participation payments, and to ensure that those who do not comply are re‑engaged with employment services as quickly as possible.

             (2)  However, this Division is not intended to punish a person who has a reasonable excuse for failing to comply with such obligations.

Subdivision BNo show no pay failures

42C  No show no pay failures

             (1)  The Secretary may determine that a person commits a no show no pay failure on a day if:

                     (a)  the person commits any of the following failures:

                              (i)  the person fails to participate, on the day, in an activity that the person is required to undertake by an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person;

                             (ii)  the person fails to comply, on the day, with a serious failure requirement imposed on the person;

                            (iii)  the person commits misconduct, on the day, while participating in an activity referred to in subparagraph (i) or while purporting to comply with a serious failure requirement imposed on the person;

                            (iv)  the person intentionally acts in a manner on the day (including by failing to attend a job interview), and it is reasonably foreseeable that acting in that manner could result in an offer of employment not being made to the person; and

                     (b)  the person receives an instalment of a participation payment for the instalment period in which the day occurs.

Note:          A penalty amount is deducted from the person’s participation payment for a no show no pay failure (see section 42D).

             (2)  Without limiting subparagraph (1)(a)(i), a person fails to participate in an activity if:

                     (a)  the person fails to attend the activity at all; or

                     (b)  the person is not punctual in attending the activity.

Limitations on determining no show no pay failures

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  more than one subparagraph of paragraph (1)(a) applies to a person on a day; or

                     (b)  a subparagraph of paragraph (1)(a) applies more than once to a person on a day;

then the Secretary may only determine that the person commits one no show no pay failure on the day.

Note:          However, the Secretary may determine that a person commits no show no pay failures on 2 or more days.

             (4)  Despite subsection (1), the Secretary must not determine that a person commits a no show no pay failure on a day if:

                     (a)  both of the following apply:

                              (i)  subparagraph (1)(a)(i), (ii) or (iv) applies;

                             (ii)  the person satisfies the Secretary that the person has a reasonable excuse for the failure; or

                     (b)  the person is a new apprentice; or

                   (ba)  the person is someone to whom section 42SB applies; or

                     (c)  the day is in a reconnection failure period for the person.

Note:          The Secretary must take certain matters into account for the purposes of paragraph (4)(a) (see section 42U). For the purposes of paragraph (4)(a), see also section 42UA (about prior notification of excuses).

Determining an instalment period

             (5)  The Secretary must include in a determination under this section the instalment period in which a penalty amount (see section 42T) for the no show no pay failure is to be deducted from the person’s instalment of a participation payment, provided that the penalty amount may not be deducted until at least the instalment after the first instalment made following notification to the person of the no show no pay failure.

42D  Deducting the penalty amount

                   If the Secretary determines that a person commits a no show no pay failure, the person’s penalty amount (see section 42T) for the no show no pay failure is to be deducted from the person’s instalment of a participation payment for the instalment period determined under subsection 42C(5).

Note:          The balance of the penalty amount is to be deducted from instalments of the participation payment for any later instalment periods, or from any instalments of any other participation payment paid to the person (see section 42V).

Subdivision CConnection and reconnection failures

42E  Connection failures

             (1)  The Secretary may determine that a person commits a connection failure if:

                     (a)  the person commits any of the failures mentioned in subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person receives an instalment of a participation payment for the instalment period in which the person commits the failure.

Note:          A reconnection requirement may be imposed for a connection failure (see section 42G).

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), the failures are the following:

                     (a)  the person fails to comply with a requirement that was notified to the person under subsection 63(2) or (4);

                     (b)  the person fails to comply with a requirement, under section 501, 544A, 605 or 731L of the 1991 Act, to enter into an employment pathway plan;

                     (c)  the person fails to attend an appointment that the person is required to attend by an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person;

                     (d)  the person is issued with a notice under subsection 42F(1) and fails to comply with it within the period specified in the notice;

                     (e)  the person fails to comply with subsection 42F(2);

                      (f)  the person fails to comply with a requirement included in an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person to undertake a certain number of job searches per fortnight;

                     (g)  the person fails to comply with a requirement included in an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person:

                              (i)  to keep a record of the person’s job searches in a document referred to in the plan as a job seeker diary; and

                             (ii)  to return the job seeker diary to the Department at the end of the period specified in the plan.

             (3)  The Secretary may determine that a person commits 2 or more connection failures on a day.

Limitations on determining connection failures

             (4)  Despite subsection (1), the Secretary must not determine that a person commits a connection failure if:

                     (a)  the person satisfies the Secretary that the person has a reasonable excuse for the failure; or

                     (b)  both of the following apply:

                              (i)  the person’s failure is a failure to comply with a requirement under section 544A of the 1991 Act to enter into an employment pathway plan;

                             (ii)  a youth allowance is not payable to the person for the instalment period in which the person commits the failure because of section 547AA of that Act; or

                     (c)  both of the following apply:

                              (i)  the person’s failure is a failure to comply with a requirement under section 605 of the 1991 Act to enter into an employment pathway plan;

                             (ii)  a newstart allowance is not payable to the person for the instalment period in which the person commits the failure because of section 615 of that Act; or

                     (d)  the person is a new apprentice; or

                   (da)  the person is someone to whom section 42SB applies; or

                     (e)  in the case of a failure under paragraphs (2)(d) to (g)—the person is receiving parenting payment.

Note:          The Secretary must take certain matters into account for the purposes of paragraph (4)(a) (see section 42U). For the purposes of paragraph (4)(a), see also section 42UA (about prior notification of excuses).

42F  Requiring a person to apply for job vacancies

             (1)  The Secretary may notify a person that the person must apply for a particular number of advertised job vacancies in the period specified in the notice if:

                     (a)  the person is required to satisfy the activity test; and

                     (b)  the person is receiving a participation payment other than a parenting payment.

             (2)  The person must give the Secretary a written statement from each employer whose job vacancy the person applied for during that period that confirms that the person applied for that job vacancy.

             (3)  The statement from the employer must be in a form approved by the Secretary.

             (4)  Subsection (2) does not apply to a person if the Secretary is satisfied that there are special circumstances in which it is not reasonable to expect the person to give the statement referred to in that subsection.

42G  Reconnection requirements

                   If:

                     (a)  the Secretary determines that a person commits a connection failure; or

                     (b)  a person fails to participate, on a day, in an activity that the person is required to undertake by an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person; or

                     (c)  a person fails to attend an appointment that the person is required to attend by an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person; or

                    (ca)  a person fails to attend an appointment that the person is required to attend by a notice under subsection 63(2); or

                     (d)  a person fails to comply with any other requirement that was notified to the person under subsection 63(2) or (4);

then:

                     (e)  if, in relation to a failure referred to in paragraph (b), (c) or (ca), the Secretary determines, under subsection 42SA(1), that a participation payment is not payable to the person—the Secretary must require the person to comply with a requirement (the reconnection requirement); or

                      (f)  in any other case—the Secretary may require the person to comply with a requirement (the reconnection requirement).

Note:          The Secretary must notify the person of the effect of not complying with the reconnection requirement (see section 42K).

42H  Reconnection failures

             (1)  The Secretary may determine that a person commits a reconnection failure if:

                     (a)  the person is required to comply with:

                              (i)  a reconnection requirement; or

                             (ii)  a further reconnection requirement; and

                     (b)  the person fails to comply with the requirement.

Note:          A further reconnection requirement may be imposed, and a penalty amount is deducted from the person’s participation payment, for a reconnection failure (see sections 42J and 42L).

             (2)  The Secretary may determine that a person commits 2 or more reconnection failures on a day.

Limitation on determining reconnection failures

             (3)  Despite subsection (1), the Secretary must not determine that a person commits a reconnection failure if:

                     (a)  the person satisfies the Secretary that the person has a reasonable excuse for the failure; or

                     (b)  the person is someone to whom section 42SB applies.

Note:          The Secretary must take certain matters into account for the purposes of paragraph (a) (see section 42U). For the purposes of paragraph (a), see also section 42UA (about prior notification of excuses).

Reconnection failure period

             (4)  If the Secretary determines that a person commits a reconnection failure, the person commits the failure during the period (the reconnection failure period) that:

                     (a)  begins on the day the person commits the failure; and

                     (b)  ends on:

                              (i)  the day before the person complies with any further reconnection requirement imposed on the person in relation to the reconnection failure; or

                             (ii)  if the person fails to comply with a further reconnection requirement imposed on the person in relation to the reconnection failure, and the person satisfies the Secretary that the person has a reasonable excuse for the failure—the day before the person fails to comply with the requirement.

Determining an instalment period

             (5)  The Secretary must include in a determination under this section the instalment period in which a penalty amount (see section 42T) for the reconnection failure is to be deducted from the person’s instalment of a participation payment.

42J  Further reconnection requirements

             (1)  The Secretary may require a person to comply with a further requirement (the further reconnection requirement) if the Secretary determines that:

                     (a)  the person fails to comply with a reconnection requirement imposed on the person; or

                     (b)  the person fails to comply with an earlier further reconnection requirement imposed on the person.

Note:          The Secretary must notify the person of the effect of not complying with the further reconnection requirement (see section 42K).

             (2)  The Secretary may impose a further reconnection requirement on a person under subsection (1) even if the person satisfies the Secretary that the person has a reasonable excuse for failing to comply with the reconnection requirement or earlier further reconnection requirement.

42K  Notification requirements

             (1)  The Secretary must notify the person that a failure to comply with a reconnection requirement or a further reconnection requirement imposed on the person might result in either or both of the following:

                     (a)  a penalty amount being deducted from the person’s participation payment;

                     (b)  the person’s participation payment not being payable to the person for a period.

             (2)  The notification does not have to be in writing, but must occur before the person is required to comply with the reconnection requirement or the further reconnection requirement.

42L  Deduction of penalty amount

                   If the Secretary determines that a person commits a reconnection failure, the person’s penalty amount (see section 42T) for the reconnection failure is to be deducted from the person’s instalment of a participation payment for the instalment period determined under subsection 42H(5).

Note:          The balance of the penalty amount is to be deducted from instalments of the participation payment for any later instalment periods, or from any instalments of any other participation payment paid to the person (see section 42V).

Subdivision DSerious failures

42M  Serious failure for persistent non‑compliance

             (1)  The Secretary may determine that a person commits a serious failure if:

                     (a)  the Secretary is satisfied that the person has, up to the day the Secretary makes the determination, persistently failed to comply with his or her obligations in relation to a participation payment (including by committing no show no pay failures, connection failures or reconnection failures); and

                     (b)  the person receives a participation payment for the instalment period in which the Secretary makes the determination.

Note 1:       A participation payment is not payable for 8 weeks for a serious failure (see section 42P).

Note 2:       For the day the Secretary makes the determination, see section 42Y.

             (2)  In determining whether a person commits a serious failure under subsection (1):

                     (a)  the Secretary must not take into account failures that were outside the person’s control; and

                     (b)  the Secretary may only take into account any other failures that occurred intentionally, recklessly or negligently.

Limitations on determining persistent non‑compliance serious failures

             (3)  The Secretary must not determine that a person commits a serious failure under subsection (1):

                     (a)  while the person is in a serious failure period for another serious failure determined under subsection (1); or

                     (b)  if the person is a new apprentice; or

                     (c)  if the person is someone to whom section 42SB applies.

Legislative instrument

             (4)  The Minister must, by legislative instrument, determine matters that the Secretary must take into account in deciding whether a person persistently failed to comply with his or her obligations in relation to a participation payment.

             (5)  In deciding whether a person persistently failed to comply with his or her obligations in relation to a participation payment, the Secretary must take the matters determined under subsection (4) into account.

             (6)  To avoid doubt, subsection (5) does not limit the matters that the Secretary may take into account in deciding whether the person failed to comply with his or her obligations.

42N  Serious failure for refusing or failing to accept an offer of suitable employment

             (1)  The Secretary may determine that a person commits a serious failure if:

                     (a)  the person is receiving a participation payment; and

                     (b)  the person refuses or fails to accept an offer of suitable employment.

Note:          A participation payment is not payable for 8 weeks for a serious failure (see section 42P).

             (2)  Despite subsection (1), the Secretary must not determine that a person commits a serious failure under that subsection if:

                     (a)  the person satisfies the Secretary that the person has a reasonable excuse for the failure; or

                     (b)  the person is someone to whom section 42SB applies.

Note:          The Secretary must take certain matters into account for the purposes of paragraph (a) (see section 42U).

42NA  Comprehensive compliance assessment

             (1)  Before the Secretary determines that a person has committed a serious failure under section 42M, the Secretary must conduct a comprehensive compliance assessment in relation to the person.

             (2)  The comprehensive compliance assessment must assess the following:

                     (a)  the reasons why the person may have committed failures under this Division;

                     (b)  the reasons why the person may have failed to meet other requirements under the social security law;

                     (c)  whether the person has any barriers to employment;

                     (d)  whether the person’s participation requirements are appropriate.

42NC  Determination about serious failure requirements and severe financial hardship

                   If the Secretary determines that a person commits a serious failure, the Secretary must also determine that this section applies unless the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the person does not have the capacity to undertake any serious failure requirement; and

                     (b)  serving the serious failure period would cause the person to be in severe financial hardship.

42P  Consequences of serious failure

Participation payment not payable during serious failure period

             (1)  If the Secretary determines that a person commits a serious failure and has determined that section 42NC applies, a participation payment is not payable to the person during the person’s serious failure period.

Note 1:       The Secretary may end a serious failure period under section 42Q or determine that a participation payment is payable, despite this section, under section 42R.

Note 2:       The Secretary may continue the participation payment pending the outcome of an application for review (see sections 131 and 145 of the Administration Act).

             (2)  The person’s serious failure period is the period:

                     (a)  beginning on the first day of the first instalment period that begins after the day the Secretary makes the determination; and

                     (b)  ending:

                              (i)  if the Secretary ends the person’s serious failure period under section 42Q—on the day mentioned in that section; or

                             (ii)  otherwise—8 weeks after the period begins.

Note:          For the day the Secretary makes the determination, see section 42Y.

Serious failure requirements

             (3)  If the Secretary determines that a person commits a serious failure, then the Secretary may require the person to comply with a requirement (the serious failure requirement).

Note:          A person who complies with a serious failure requirement may have his or her serious failure period end under section 42Q. A person who fails to comply with a serious failure requirement may commit a no show no pay failure under section 42C.

42Q  Ending serious failure periods

             (1)  The Secretary may end a person’s serious failure period if:

                     (a)  the person begins to comply with a serious failure requirement imposed on the person; or

                     (b)  the Secretary determines that:

                              (i)  the person does not have the capacity to undertake any serious failure requirement; and

                             (ii)  serving the serious failure period would cause the person to be in severe financial hardship.

Note:          For in severe financial hardship see subsection 14A(7) of the 1991 Act.

          (1A)  The Secretary may make a determination under paragraph (1)(b) on request or on his or her own initiative.

             (2)  The person’s serious failure period ends on:

                     (a)  if paragraph (1)(a) applies—the day before the person begins to comply with the requirement; or

                     (b)  if the Secretary makes a determination under paragraph (1)(b) on request—the day before the request was made; or

                     (c)  if the Secretary makes a determination under paragraph (1)(b) on his or her own initiative—the day before the Secretary makes the determination.

Note:          For the day the Secretary makes the determination, see section 42Y.

             (3)  Section 42NC does not affect the operation of this section.

42R  Determining that participation payments payable

             (1)  The Secretary may determine that, despite a person’s serious failure period, a participation payment is payable to the person during the period mentioned in subsection (2) if the person informs the Secretary that the person intends to comply with a serious failure requirement imposed on the person.

             (2)  The participation payment is payable during the period that:

                     (a)  begins on the day that the person informs the Secretary; and

                     (b)  ends on:

                              (i)  the day before the person begins to comply with the serious failure requirement; or

                             (ii)  if the person does not begin to comply with the serious failure requirement on the day the person is required to begin—the day before that day.

             (3)  If a period ends under subparagraph (2)(b)(ii), the period (the payability period) mentioned in subsection (2) does not count towards the 8 weeks of the person’s serious failure period.

Subdivision EUnemployment resulting from a voluntary act or misconduct

42S  Unemployment resulting from a voluntary act or misconduct

             (1)  A participation payment is not payable to a person for the period mentioned in subsection (3) if the Secretary determines that:

                     (a)  the person is unemployed as a result (whether direct or indirect) of a voluntary act of the person; or

                     (b)  the person is unemployed as a result of the person’s misconduct as an employee.

Note:          The Secretary may continue the participation payment pending the outcome of an application for review (see sections 131 and 145 of the Administration Act).

             (2)  Despite paragraph (1)(a), the Secretary must not make a determination under that paragraph in relation to a person if:

                     (a)  the Secretary is satisfied that the voluntary act was reasonable; or

                     (b)  the person is someone to whom section 42SB applies.

Period of non‑payment

             (3)  The participation payment is not payable to the person for the period (the unemployment non‑payment period) of:

                     (a)  8 weeks beginning on the initial day; or

                     (b)  12 weeks beginning on the initial day if, during the 6 months ending on the day immediately before the person becomes unemployed, relocation assistance, in relation to the employment to which the voluntary act or misconduct related, has been paid to or for the benefit of the person.

Note:          The Secretary may end an unemployment non‑payment period under subsection (4).

          (3A)  For the purposes of subsection (3), the initial day is:

                     (a)  the day that the person becomes unemployed as a result of the person’s voluntary act or misconduct; or

                     (b)  the first day of the first instalment period that begins after the day the Secretary makes the determination if:

                              (i)  the Secretary considers that first day is more appropriate than the day mentioned in paragraph (a); and

                             (ii)  the person is receiving a participation payment at the time of the voluntary act or misconduct.

Note:          For the day the Secretary makes the determination, see section 42Y.

          (3B)  For the purposes of subsection (3), relocation assistance, in relation to employment, means a payment:

                     (a)  that is made by or on behalf of the Commonwealth to or for the benefit of a person for the purpose of assisting the person to take up the employment; and

                     (b)  that is specified in a legislative instrument made by the Secretary for the purposes of this paragraph.

Ending unemployment non‑payment periods

             (4)  The Secretary may end a person’s unemployment non‑payment period if:

                     (a)  the Secretary determines that serving the unemployment non‑payment period would cause the person to be in severe financial hardship; and

                     (b)  the person is in a class of persons specified by legislative instrument under subsection (5).

Note:          For in severe financial hardship see subsection 14A(7) of the 1991 Act.

             (5)  For the purposes of subsection (4), the Secretary may, by legislative instrument, specify a class of persons.

Subdivision EAImmediate non‑payment of participation payments for certain failures

42SA  Immediate non‑payment of participation payments for certain failures

             (1)  The Secretary may determine that a participation payment is not payable to a person if:

                     (a)  the person fails to participate, on a day, in an activity that the person is required to undertake by an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person; or

                     (b)  the person fails to attend an appointment that the person is required to attend by an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person; or

                   (ba)  the person fails to attend an appointment that the person is required to attend by a notice under subsection 63(2); or

                     (c)  the person fails to comply with a reconnection requirement or a further reconnection requirement.

Note:          If paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (ba) applies, a reconnection requirement must be imposed for that failure (see section 42G).

          (1A)  Despite subsection (1), the Secretary must not make a determination under that subsection that a participation payment is not payable to a person if the person is someone to whom section 42SB applies.

             (2)  The participation payment is not payable to the person for the period beginning on the day the person first commits the failure and ending at the end of:

                     (a)  for a failure referred to in paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (ba):

                              (i)  if the person complies with the reconnection requirement imposed on the person under paragraph 42G(e) because of that failure—the day before the day on which the person so complies; or

                             (ii)  if the person fails to comply with the reconnection requirement imposed on the person under paragraph 42G(e) because of that failure—the day before the day on which the person first commits the failure to comply with that reconnection requirement; or

                    (aa)  for a failure referred to in paragraph (1)(c)—the day before the day on which the person complies with a reconnection requirement or further reconnection requirement; or

                     (b)  if the Secretary determines that an earlier day is more appropriate than the day that would otherwise apply under paragraph (a) or (aa)—that earlier day.

       (2AA)  If:

                     (a)  a participation payment is not payable to a person for a period (the non‑payability period) under subsection (2) because of the person’s failure to attend an appointment with the person’s employment provider; and

                     (b)  on a day (the relevant day), the Secretary requires the person to attend a rescheduled appointment with the person’s employment provider; and

                     (c)  the rescheduled appointment is on a day that is more than 2 business days after the relevant day;

then, despite subsection (2), the non‑payability period is taken to end under that subsection at the end of the relevant day.

Note 1:       The requirement to attend the rescheduled appointment will be a reconnection requirement or further reconnection requirement.

Note 2:       For business day, see section 2B of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

          (2A)  If:

                     (a)  a participation payment is not payable to a person for a period under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the participation payment is payable to the person for any days occurring before that period begins;

then, despite any other provision of the social security law, the Secretary may withhold payment of the participation payment to the person for those days until that period ends.

             (3)  If a period ends under subsection (2) in relation to a person, then, subject to the social security law, the participation payment becomes payable to the person for that period.

Note:          For a failure referred to in paragraph (1)(b) or (ba), a penalty amount may be deducted from the person’s participation payment: see Subdivision EC.

             (4)  The Secretary must notify the person of a determination under subsection (1). The Secretary may do so in any way that the Secretary considers appropriate.

Subdivision EBFailures by certain recipients of parenting payments

42SB  Suspension of payments for certain failures

             (1)  This section applies in relation to a person who:

                     (a)  is receiving a participation payment that is a parenting payment; and

                     (b)  is someone to whom paragraph 500(1)(ca) of the 1991 Act applies.

             (2)  The Secretary may determine that the parenting payment is not payable to the person if:

                     (a)  the person fails to comply with a requirement that was notified to the person under subsection 63(2) or (4); or

                     (b)  the person fails to comply with a requirement under section 501 of the 1991 Act to enter into an employment pathway plan; or

                     (c)  the person fails to participate, on a day, in an activity that the person is required to undertake by an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person; or

                     (d)  the person fails to attend an appointment that the person is required to attend by an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person.

             (3)  The parenting payment is not payable to the person for the period beginning on the day the person first commits the failure and ending at the end of:

                     (a)  the day before the day on which the person notifies the Secretary that the person intends to comply with the requirement; or

                     (b)  if the Secretary determines that an earlier day is more appropriate than the day that would otherwise apply under paragraph (a)—that earlier day.

             (4)  If a period ends under subsection (3) in relation to the person, then, subject to the social security law, the parenting payment becomes payable to the person for that period.

Subdivision ECNon‑attendance failures

42SC  Non‑attendance failures

             (1)  The Secretary may determine that a person commits a non‑attendance failure if the Secretary makes a determination under subsection 42SA(1) because of the person’s failure referred to in paragraph 42SA(1)(b) or (ba).

             (2)  Despite subsection (1), the Secretary must not determine that a person commits a non‑attendance failure if the person satisfies the Secretary that the person has a reasonable excuse for the person’s failure referred to in paragraph 42SA(1)(b) or (ba).

Note:          The Secretary must take certain matters into account for the purposes of subsection (2) (see section 42U). See also section 42UA (about prior notification of excuses).

Determining an instalment period

             (3)  The Secretary must include in a determination under this section the instalment period in which a penalty amount (see section 42T) for the non‑attendance failure is to be deducted from the person’s instalment of a participation payment.

42SD  Deduction of penalty amount

                   If the Secretary determines that a person commits a non‑attendance failure, the person’s penalty amount (see section 42T) for the non‑attendance failure is to be deducted from the person’s instalment of a participation payment for the instalment period determined under subsection 42SC(3).

Note:          The balance of the penalty amount is to be deducted from instalments of the participation payment for any later instalment periods, or from any instalments of any other participation payment paid to the person (see section 42V).

Subdivision FGeneral provisions

42T  Legislative instrument determining method for working out penalty amount

             (1)  The Minister must, by legislative instrument, determine a method for working out a person’s penalty amount for a no show no pay failure, a reconnection failure or a non‑attendance failure.

             (2)  The method determined for a no show no pay failure that a person commits on a day must not provide for a penalty amount for the person that is more than the following:

             (3)  The method determined for a reconnection failure that a person commits must not provide for a penalty amount in respect of a day in the reconnection failure period that is more than the following:

          (3A)  The method determined for a non‑attendance failure that a person commits must not provide for a penalty amount, in respect of a day in the non‑attendance failure penalty period, that is more than the following:

Note:          Any amount withheld under subsection 42SA(2A) for days in the instalment period remains an amount payable to the person for the instalment period.

          (3B)  For the purposes of subsection (3A), the non‑attendance failure penalty period is the period:

                     (a)  beginning on the day the person is notified by the Secretary of the determination under subsection 42SA(1); and

                     (b)  ending on the day the period under subsection 42SA(2) ends.

             (4)  In addition, the method determined for a no show no pay failure or a reconnection failure must relate to:

                     (a)  for a person’s no show no pay failure—the amount of the participation payment paid to the person on the day on which the person commits the no show no pay failure; or

                     (b)  for a person’s reconnection failure—the amount of the participation payment paid to the person during the reconnection failure period.

             (5)  The method determined by the Minister for working out a person’s penalty amount must not affect any rent assistance, pharmaceutical allowance or youth disability supplement payable to the person.

             (6)  The method determined may provide for a penalty amount that is nil.

             (7)  The legislative instrument may also deal with the amount of a penalty amount to be deducted from an instalment of a participation payment.

42U  Legislative instruments relating to reasonable excuse

             (1)  The Secretary must, by legislative instrument, determine matters that the Secretary must take into account in deciding whether a person has a reasonable excuse for committing:

                     (a)  a no show no pay failure (see paragraph 42C(4)(a)); or

                     (b)  a connection failure (see paragraph 42E(4)(a)); or

                     (c)  a reconnection failure (see paragraph 42H(3)(a)); or

                     (d)  a serious failure (see paragraph 42N(2)(a)); or

                     (e)  a non‑attendance failure (see subsection 42SC(2)).

             (2)  To avoid doubt, a determination under subsection (1) does not limit the matters that the Secretary may take into account in deciding whether the person has a reasonable excuse.

42UA  Prior notification of excuse

             (1)  This section applies in relation to the following failures of a person:

                     (a)  a failure to participate, on a day, in an activity that the person is required to undertake by an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person;

                     (b)  a failure to comply with a serious failure requirement imposed on the person, where the requirement was to undertake an activity on a day or to attend an appointment, or contact a person, at a particular time;

                     (c)  a failure to comply with a requirement notified to the person under subsection 63(2), where the requirement was to attend an office of the Department, to contact the Department or to attend a particular place for a particular purpose;

                     (d)  a failure to attend an appointment that the person is required to attend by an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person;

                     (e)  a failure to comply with a reconnection requirement or a further reconnection requirement, where the requirement was to undertake an activity on a day or to attend an appointment, or contact a person, at a particular time.

             (2)  For the purposes of subparagraph 42C(4)(a)(ii), paragraph 42E(4)(a) or 42H(3)(a) or subsection 42SC(2), in deciding whether the person has a reasonable excuse for the failure, the following table has effect:

 

Prior notification of excuse

 

For this failure:

An excuse cannot be a reasonable excuse unless:

1

A failure referred to in paragraph (1)(a) or (d)

(a) before the start of the activity on the day concerned or before the time of the appointment, the person notified the excuse to the person or body specified in the employment pathway plan as the person or body to whom prior notice should be given if the person is unable to undertake the activity or attend the appointment; or

(b) the Secretary is satisfied that there were circumstances in which it was not reasonable to expect the person to give the notification

2

A failure referred to in paragraph (1)(b) or (e)

(a) before the start of the activity on the day concerned or before the time of the appointment or contact, the person notified the excuse to the person or body notified by the Secretary as the person or body to whom prior notice should be given if the person is unable to undertake the activity, attend the appointment or make the contact; or

(b) the Secretary is satisfied that there were circumstances in which it was not reasonable to expect the person to give the notification

3

A failure referred to in paragraph (1)(c)

(a) before the end of the time specified under subsection 63(2), the person notified the excuse to the person or body notified by the Secretary as the person or body to whom prior notice should be given if the person is unable to attend the office, contact the Department or attend the place; or

(b) the Secretary is satisfied that there were circumstances in which it was not reasonable to expect the person to give the notification

Note:          Despite subsection (2), the Secretary may decide for other reasons that the excuse is not a reasonable excuse.

42V  Deduction from any participation payment

                   The balance of a person’s penalty amount for a no show no pay failure, a reconnection failure or a non‑attendance failure that is not reduced to nil under section 42D, 42L or 42SD is to be deducted from:

                     (a)  the instalments of the participation payment referred to in that section for any later instalment periods (until the balance is reduced to nil); and

                     (b)  if the balance is not reduced to nil under paragraph (a)—the instalments of any other participation payment paid to the person (until the balance is reduced to nil).

42W  Penalty amount not a debt

                   To avoid doubt, a penalty amount is not a debt owed to the Commonwealth under Part 5.2 of the 1991 Act.

42X  Payability

                   A participation payment remains payable even if it is reduced to nil as a result of deducting a penalty amount, or the balance of a penalty amount, for a no show no pay failure, a reconnection failure or a non‑attendance failure.

42Y  Day of determination

                   For the purposes of paragraph 42M(1)(a), 42P(2)(a), 42Q(2)(c) or 42S(3A)(b), the day the Secretary makes the determination is the day the Secretary originally makes the determination (even if another decision in relation to the determination is later made on review).

42YA  Relationship between Subdivisions of this Division

                   No Subdivision of this Division limits any other Subdivision of this Division.

42Z  Relationship with section 80

                   Nothing in this Division affects the power of the Secretary to cancel or suspend a participation payment under section 80 of this Act.

Division 4Payment of social security payment

43  Payment by instalments

Payment in arrears in relation to periods

             (1)  A social security periodic payment is to be paid:

                     (a)  in arrears; and

                     (b)  by instalments relating to such periods (not exceeding 14 days) as the Secretary determines.

Timing of payments of instalments

             (2)  Subject to sections 52 and 53, instalments of a social security periodic payment are to be paid at such times as the Secretary determines.

Total instalment relating to a period

             (3)  Subject to subsection (4), the amount that is to be paid to a person as an instalment of a social security periodic payment in relation to a period is the total of the amounts of the social security periodic payment (calculated by reference to the daily rate of payment applicable to each day) payable to the person for days in that period on which the social security periodic payment was payable to the person.

Weekly payments of a social security periodic payment

          (3A)  The Secretary may determine that a person is to be paid the total amount of the social security periodic payment relating to an instalment period of 14 days determined under subsection (1) in 2 payments (the part payments) if the person is a member of a class specified under subsection (3B).

          (3B)  The Minister may by legislative instrument specify a class of persons for the purposes of subsection (3A).

          (3C)  The first of the part payments:

                     (a)  is not to exceed the total of the amounts of the social security periodic payment (calculated by reference to the daily rate of payment applicable to each day, subject to subsections (4) and (5A)) payable to the person for days that:

                              (i)  are days on which the social security periodic payment was payable to the person; and

                             (ii)  are included in the first 7 days of the instalment period; and

                     (b)  is to be paid at a time determined by the Secretary that is after the first 7 days of the instalment period.

          (3D)  The other of the part payments:

                     (a)  is the excess of the amount that is to be paid to a person as the instalment of the social security periodic payment in relation to the instalment period (see subsection (3)) over the first of the part payments; and

                     (b)  is to be paid at a time determined by the Secretary that is after the end of the instalment period.

          (3E)  If the person is, or is to be, paid the total amount of the social security periodic payment relating to the instalment period in part payments, then it is taken for the purposes of the social security law that:

                     (a)  a single instalment of the social security periodic payment is, or is to be, paid in relation to the period; and

                     (b)  that instalment is, or is to be, paid when the last of the part payments is, or is to be, made; and

                     (c)  that instalment is equal to the total of the part payments.

Note:          The total of the part payments equals the amount worked out under subsection (3) (as affected by subsection (4), if relevant) as the amount to be paid to the person as the instalment of the social security periodic payment in relation to the instalment period.

           (3F)  However, the following provisions of this Act (about deductions from instalments) apply as if each of the part payments were a separate instalment:

                     (a)  section 61;

                     (b)  Division 5 of Part 3B;

                     (c)  subsection 238(2).

Minimum daily rate

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  either or both of the following amounts (the added amounts) are added to a person’s maximum basic rate for a particular day in working out the amount of an instalment of a social security payment:

                              (i)  an amount of pharmaceutical allowance;

                             (ii)  a pension supplement amount; and

                    (aa)  the social security payment:

                              (i)  is not a social security pension; or

                             (ii)  is a disability support pension to which subsection 1066A(1) or 1066B(1) of the 1991 Act applies; or

                            (iii)  if the person has not reached pension age on the day—is a pension PP (single); and

                     (b)  if an added amount is a pension supplement amount used by the Rate Calculator to produce an annual rate—the total of the added amounts is more than the person’s pension supplement basic amount; and

                     (c)  there is no election by the person under subsection 1061VA(1) of the 1991 Act in force on that day; and

                     (d)  apart from this subsection, the portion of the instalment corresponding to that day would be less than the person’s minimum daily rate, but more than a nil amount;

the amount of that portion of the instalment is to be increased to the person’s minimum daily rate.

             (5)  In subsection (4):

minimum daily rate, for a person, means:

                     (a)  if an amount of pharmaceutical allowance is an added amount:

                              (i)  if the Rate Calculator for the social security payment produces a fortnightly rate—1/14 of that amount; or

                             (ii)  if the Rate Calculator for the social security payment produces an annual rate—1/364 of that amount; or

                     (b)  if a pension supplement amount is the only added amount—1/364 of the person’s minimum pension supplement amount.

       (5AA)  If:

                     (a)  either or both of the following amounts (the added amounts) are added to a person’s maximum basic rate for a particular day in working out the amount of an instalment of a social security pension:

                              (i)  a pension supplement amount;

                             (ii)  energy supplement; and

                    (aa)  the social security pension:

                              (i)  is not a disability support pension to which subsection 1066A(1) or 1066B(1) of the 1991 Act applies; and

                             (ii)  if the person has not reached pension age on the day—is not a pension PP (single); and

                     (b)  if one of the added amounts is a pension supplement amount used by the Rate Calculator to produce an annual rate—the pension supplement amount is more than the person’s pension supplement basic amount; and

                     (c)  there is no election by the person under subsection 915A(1) or 1061VA(1) of the 1991 Act in force on that day; and

                     (d)  apart from this subsection, the portion of the instalment corresponding to that day would be less than the person’s minimum daily rate, but more than a nil amount;

the amount of that portion of the instalment is to be increased to the person’s minimum daily rate.

       (5AB)  For the purposes of subsection (5AA), a person’s minimum daily rate is 1/364 of the total of:

                     (a)  the person’s minimum pension supplement amount, if a pension supplement amount is an added amount; and

                     (b)  the person’s energy supplement, if energy supplement is an added amount.

No reduction of portion of quarterly pension supplement relating to a day

          (5A)  If:

                     (a)  an election by the person under subsection 1061VA(1) of the 1991 Act is in force on a particular day; and

                     (b)  apart from this subsection, the portion of the instalment of the person’s quarterly pension supplement that corresponds to that day would be reduced under subsection 1210(3) of the 1991 Act, but not reduced to a nil amount;

the amount of that portion of the instalment is not to be reduced under subsection 1210(3) of the 1991 Act.

No reduction of portion of quarterly energy supplement relating to a day

          (5B)  If:

                     (a)  quarterly energy supplement is payable to a person for a particular day; and

                     (b)  the social security payment to which the quarterly energy supplement relates:

                              (i)  is a social security pension; and

                             (ii)  is not a disability support pension to which subsection 1066A(1) or 1066B(1) of the 1991 Act applies; and

                            (iii)  if the person has not reached pension age on the day—is not a pension PP (single); and

                     (c)  apart from this subsection, the portion of the instalment of the person’s quarterly energy supplement that corresponds to that day would be reduced under subsection 1210(3A) of the 1991 Act; and

                     (d)  the reduction of the main rate mentioned in subparagraph 1210(3A)(b)(ii) would not be to a nil amount;

the amount of that portion of the instalment is not to be reduced under subsection 1210(3A) of the 1991 Act.

Instalment periods

             (6)  Each of the periods determined by the Secretary under subsection (1) is an instalment period in relation to the social security periodic payment.

44  Payment of instalments to person or nominee

             (1)  Subject to section 45, instalments of a person’s social security periodic payment are to be paid to that person.

             (2)  If, by virtue of a determination under subsection 46(2), a person’s special employment advance is to be paid by instalments, the instalments are to be paid to that person.

             (3)  This section has effect subject to Part 3A.

45  Payment of youth allowance—person under 18 and not independent

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), instalments of youth allowance of a person who is under 18 years of age and is not independent are to be paid on behalf of the person:

                     (a)  if the person has only one living parent—to that parent; or

                     (b)  if the person has more than one living parent—to the parent nominated in writing by the person to the Secretary.

             (2)  The Secretary may direct that the whole or a part of the instalments of youth allowance of a person referred to in subsection (1) is to be paid to the person.

             (3)  If the Secretary gives a direction under subsection (2), the instalments are to be paid in accordance with the direction.

             (4)  This section has effect subject to Part 3A.

46  Payment of special employment advance

             (1)  Unless the Secretary makes a determination under subsection (2), a person’s special employment advance is to be paid in accordance with section 47.

             (2)  If the Secretary considers that it is appropriate for a person’s special employment advance to be paid by instalments, the Secretary may determine that the person’s special employment advance is to be so paid.

46A  Payment of AGDRP

             (1)  Unless the Secretary makes a determination under subsection (2), a person’s AGDRP is to be paid in accordance with section 47.

             (2)  If the Secretary considers that it is appropriate for a person’s AGDRP to be paid by instalments, the Secretary may determine that the person’s AGDRP is to be so paid.

46B  Payment of AVTOP

             (1)  Unless the Secretary makes a determination under subsection (2), a person’s AVTOP is to be paid:

                     (a)  in accordance with section 47; and

                     (b)  on the date that is determined by the Secretary to be the earliest date on which it is reasonably practicable for the payment to be made to the person.

             (2)  If the Secretary considers that it is appropriate for a person’s AVTOP to be paid by instalments, the Secretary may determine that the person’s AVTOP is to be so paid.

47  Payment of lump sum benefits

             (1)  In this section:

lump sum benefit means:

                     (a)  an advance payment under section 864A or Part 2.22 of the 1991 Act; or

                    (aa)  AGDRP, except where the Secretary has made a determination under subsection 46A(2); or

                  (aaa)  AVTOP, except where the Secretary has made a determination under subsection 46B(2); or

                   (ab)  child disability assistance; or

                     (b)  crisis payment; or

                   (bb)  relocation scholarship payment; or

                     (d)  education entry payment; or

                      (f)  fares allowance; or

                     (g)  one‑off payment to the aged; or

                    (ga)  2006 one‑off payment to older Australians; or

                   (gb)  2007 one‑off payment to older Australians; or

                    (gc)  2008 one‑off payment to older Australians; or

                   (gd)  carer supplement; or

                    (ge)  one‑off energy assistance payment under Part 2.6 of the 1991 Act; or

                     (h)  one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related); or

                   (ha)  one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related); or

                   (hb)  2005 one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related); or

                   (hc)  2005 one‑off payment to carers (carer service pension related); or

                   (hd)  2005 one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related); or

                   (he)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related); or

                    (hf)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (wife pension related); or

                   (hg)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (partner service pension related); or

                   (hh)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (carer service pension related); or

                    (hi)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related); or

                    (hj)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related); or

                   (hk)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (wife pension related); or

                    (hl)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (partner service pension related); or

                  (hm)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (carer service pension related); or

                   (hn)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related); or

                   (ho)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related); or

                   (hp)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (wife pension related); or

                   (hq)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (partner service pension related); or

                    (hr)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (carer service pension related); or

                    (hs)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related); or

                    (ht)  economic security strategy payment; or

                   (hu)  training and learning bonus; or

                   (hv)  activity supplement; or

                  (hw)  farm financial assessment supplement; or

                      (i)  pension bonus; or

                    (ia)  pension bonus bereavement payment; or

                      (j)  special employment advance, except where the Secretary has made a determination under subsection 46(2); or

                     (k)  clean energy advance; or

                      (l)  essential medical equipment payment.

             (2)  If a claim for crisis payment is granted because of subsection 37(7), the Secretary may pay an amount equal to the amount of the crisis payment to the claimant before the claimant is released from gaol or psychiatric confinement if the Secretary thinks it is necessary to do so in order to ensure that the claimant, on release, will not suffer severe financial hardship.

             (3)  If an amount is paid to a person under subsection (2), the amount is taken, after the person’s release from gaol or psychiatric confinement, to be a payment of crisis payment made in relation to the claim referred to in subsection (2).

             (4)  Subject to subsections 47C(3) and (4), section 47DA and Part 3A, a person’s lump sum benefit is to be paid to the person.

47A  Payment of one‑off payment to the aged

                   One‑off payment to the aged is to be paid to a person on the date that is determined by the Secretary to be the earliest date on which it is reasonably practicable for the payment to be made to the person.

47AA  Payment of one‑off payments to older Australians

             (1)  If an individual is qualified for one of the payments mentioned in subsection (2), the Secretary must pay the payment to the individual in a single lump sum:

                     (a)  on the date that the Secretary considers to be the earliest date on which it is reasonably practicable for the payment to be made; and

                     (b)  in such manner as the Secretary considers appropriate.

             (2)  The payments are the following:

                     (a)  2006 one‑off payment to older Australians;

                     (b)  2007 one‑off payment to older Australians;

                     (c)  2008 one‑off payment to older Australians.

47AB  Payment of carer supplement

                   If an individual is qualified for carer supplement for a year, the Secretary must pay the supplement to the individual:

                     (a)  on the date or dates that the Secretary considers to be the earliest date or dates on which it is reasonably practicable for the payment to be made; and

                     (b)  in such manner as the Secretary considers appropriate.

47AC  Payment of one‑off energy assistance payment

                   If a person is qualified for a one‑off energy assistance payment under Part 2.6 of the 1991 Act, the Secretary must pay the payment to the person in a single lump sum:

                     (a)  on the date that the Secretary considers to be the earliest date on which it is reasonably practicable for the payment to be made; and

                     (b)  in such manner as the Secretary considers appropriate.

47B  Payment of one‑off payments to carers

             (1)  If an individual is qualified for one of the payments mentioned in subsection (2), the Secretary must pay the payment to the individual in a single lump sum:

                     (a)  on the date that the Secretary considers to be the earliest date on which it is reasonably practicable for the payment to be made; and

                     (b)  in such manner as the Secretary considers appropriate.

             (2)  The payments are the following:

                     (a)  one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related);

                     (b)  one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related);

                     (c)  2005 one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related);

                     (d)  2005 one‑off payment to carers (carer service pension related);

                     (e)  2005 one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related);

                      (f)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related);

                     (g)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (wife pension related);

                     (h)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (partner service pension related);

                      (i)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (carer service pension related);

                      (j)  2006 one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related);

                     (k)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related);

                      (l)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (wife pension related);

                    (m)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (partner service pension related);

                     (n)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (carer service pension related);

                     (o)  2007 one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related);

                     (p)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (carer payment related);

                     (q)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (wife pension related);

                      (r)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (partner service pension related);

                      (s)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (carer service pension related);

                      (t)  2008 one‑off payment to carers (carer allowance related).

47C  Payment of economic security strategy payments and training and learning bonuses

             (1)  If an individual is qualified for an economic security strategy payment, the Secretary must pay the payment to the individual in a single lump sum:

                     (a)  on 8 December 2008, or on such later date that the Secretary considers to be the earliest date on which it is reasonably practicable for the payment to be made; and

                     (b)  in such manner as the Secretary considers appropriate.

             (2)  If an individual is qualified for a training and learning bonus, the Secretary must pay the bonus in a single lump sum:

                     (a)  to the individual; and

                     (b)  on the date that the Secretary considers to be the earliest date on which it is reasonably practicable for the payment to be made; and

                     (c)  in such manner as the Secretary considers appropriate.

             (3)  Despite paragraph (2)(a) of this section, if:

                     (a)  the individual is qualified for a training and learning bonus under paragraph 910(2)(a) of the 1991 Act because the individual was receiving youth allowance in respect of 3 February 2009; and

                     (b)  the whole or a part of the individual’s instalment of youth allowance in respect of a period that included that day was paid to a parent of the individual under section 45 of this Act;

the Secretary may pay the whole, or the same proportion, of the individual’s training and learning bonus to that parent or to any other person.

             (4)  Despite paragraph (2)(a) of this section, if:

                     (a)  the individual is qualified for a training and learning bonus:

                              (i)  under paragraph 910(2)(e) of the 1991 Act because the individual was receiving a payment under the ABSTUDY Scheme in respect of 3 February 2009; or

                             (ii)  under paragraph 910(2)(f) or (g) of the 1991 Act because the individual was receiving an education allowance referred to in that paragraph in respect of that day; and

                     (b)  the whole or a part of the individual’s instalment of the payment or allowance in respect of a period that included that day was paid to a person (the recipient) other than the individual;

the Secretary may pay the whole, or the same proportion, of the individual’s training and learning bonus to the recipient or to any other person.

47CA  Payment of activity supplement or farm financial assessment supplement

                   The following payments are to be paid to a person on the date the Secretary considers to be the earliest date on which it is reasonably practicable for the payment to be made to the person:

                     (a)  activity supplement;

                     (b)  farm financial assessment supplement.

47D  Payment of clean energy advance

             (1)  If an individual is qualified for a clean energy advance, the Secretary must pay the advance to the individual in a single lump sum:

                     (a)  on the day that the Secretary considers to be the earliest day on which it is reasonably practicable for the advance to be made; and

                     (b)  in such manner as the Secretary considers appropriate.

Note:          This section applies to a qualification under Subdivision A or C of Division 1 of Part 2.18A of the 1991 Act.

             (2)  However, the Secretary must not pay the advance if the Secretary is aware that the individual has died.

47DAA  Payment of essential medical equipment payment

                   If an individual is qualified for an essential medical equipment payment, the Secretary must pay the payment to the individual in a single lump sum in such manner as the Secretary considers appropriate.

47DA  Relocation scholarship payments

                   If:

                     (a)  a person is qualified for a relocation scholarship payment on a particular day because the person is receiving youth allowance; and

                     (b)  the whole or a part of the person’s instalment of youth allowance in respect of a period that included that day is paid to a parent of the person under section 45 of this Act;

the Secretary may pay the whole, or the same proportion, of the person’s scholarship payment to that parent or to any other person.

47DB  Student start‑up loans

             (1)  If a person is qualified for a student start‑up loan for a qualification period:

                     (a)  the loan becomes payable to the person on the day the Secretary determines the person’s claim for the loan; and

                     (b)  the Secretary must pay the amount of the loan to the person as soon as reasonably practicable after that day.

             (2)  Despite subsection (1), if:

                     (a)  a person is qualified for a student start‑up loan for a qualification period because the person is receiving youth allowance; and

                     (b)  the whole or a part of the person’s instalment of youth allowance is paid to a parent of the person, under section 45 of this Act, in respect of a period that includes the day the Secretary determines the person’s claim for the loan;

the Secretary may pay the whole, or the same proportion, of the person’s loan to that parent or to any other person.

48  Payment of telephone allowance

             (1)  Telephone allowance is to be paid by instalments.

             (2)  An instalment of telephone allowance is to be paid to a person on each telephone allowance payday on which telephone allowance is payable to the person.

             (3)  The amount of an instalment of telephone allowance is worked out by dividing the amount of the annual rate of telephone allowance by 4.

             (4)  In this section:

telephone allowance payday means the first day on which an instalment of a social security periodic payment would normally be paid to the person on or after any of the following:

                     (a)  1 January;

                     (b)  20 March;

                     (c)  1 July;

                     (d)  20 September.

48A  Payment of utilities allowance

             (1)  Utilities allowance is to be paid by instalments.

             (2)  If utilities allowance is payable to a person in relation to a utilities allowance test day, then an instalment of the allowance is to be paid to the person on the person’s first payday on or after that test day.

             (3)  The amount of an instalment of utilities allowance is worked out by dividing the amount of the annual rate of utilities allowance by 4.

             (4)  In this section:

utilities allowance test day means:

                     (a)  20 March; and

                     (b)  20 June; and

                     (c)  20 September; and

                     (d)  20 December.

48B  Payment of energy supplement

             (1)  Energy supplement under Part 2.25B of the 1991 Act is to be paid by instalments.

             (2)  An instalment of energy supplement is to be paid to a person as soon as is reasonably practicable after the end of an instalment period.

             (3)  The amount of the instalment is worked out by:

                     (a)  working out the amount of the person’s energy supplement for each day in the instalment period; and

                     (b)  adding up the amounts resulting from paragraph (a).

             (4)  In this section:

instalment period means a period:

                     (a)  in relation to each day of which energy supplement is payable to the person; and

Note:       For when energy supplement is payable to the person, see section 1061UA of the 1991 Act.

                     (b)  that either begins on any 20 March, 20 June, 20 September or 20 December or does not include any such day; and

                     (c)  that either ends on any 19 March, 19 June, 19 September or 19 December or does not include any such day; and

                     (d)  that is not included in a longer instalment period.

48C  Payment of quarterly pension supplement

             (1)  Quarterly pension supplement is to be paid by instalments.

             (2)  An instalment of quarterly pension supplement is to be paid to a person as soon as is reasonably practicable after the end of an instalment period.

             (3)  The amount of the instalment is worked out by multiplying the person’s daily rate of quarterly pension supplement by the number of days in the instalment period.

             (4)  In this section:

instalment period means a period:

                     (a)  in relation to each day of which quarterly pension supplement is payable to the person; and

Note:       For when quarterly pension supplement is payable to the person, see section 1061VA of the 1991 Act.

                     (b)  that either begins on any 20 March, 20 June, 20 September or 20 December or does not include any such day; and

                     (c)  that either ends on any 19 March, 19 June, 19 September or 19 December or does not include any such day; and

                     (d)  that is not included in a longer instalment period.

48D  Payment of quarterly energy supplement

             (1)  Quarterly energy supplement is to be paid by instalments.

             (2)  An instalment of quarterly energy supplement is to be paid to a person as soon as is reasonably practicable after the end of an instalment period.

Note:          For when quarterly energy supplement is payable to the person, see section 915 of the 1991 Act.

             (3)  The amount of the instalment is worked out by:

                     (a)  working out the amount of the person’s quarterly energy supplement for each day in the instalment period; and

                     (b)  adding up the amounts resulting from paragraph (a).

             (4)  In this section:

instalment period means a period:

                     (a)  for each day of which quarterly energy supplement is payable to the person; and

Note:       For when quarterly energy supplement is payable to the person, see section 915 of the 1991 Act.

                     (b)  that either begins on any 20 March, 20 June, 20 September or 20 December or does not include any such day; and

                     (c)  that either ends on any 19 March, 19 June, 19 September or 19 December or does not include any such day; and

                     (d)  that is not included in a longer instalment period.

49  Timing of payment of fares allowance

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), fares allowance for a journey by a person is to be paid as a reimbursement after the journey is made.

             (2)  If the journey has not been made, the fares allowance for the journey is to be paid before the journey is made.

50  To whom fares allowance is to be paid

             (1)  Subject to subsection (4), if the person is or was receiving youth allowance at the time of the making of the journey, fares allowance is to be paid to the person to whom instalments of the youth allowance are or were being paid under section 44 or 45.

             (2)  Subject to subsection (4), if the person is or was receiving austudy payment at the time of the making of the journey, fares allowance is to be paid to the person to whom instalments of the austudy payment are or were being paid under section 44.

             (3)  Subject to subsection (4), if the person is or was receiving pensioner education supplement at the time of the making of the journey, fares allowance is to be paid to the person to whom instalments of the pensioner education supplement are or were being paid under section 44.

             (4)  If the fares allowance is to be paid as referred to in subsection 49(2), it is to be paid, on behalf of the person, to the commercial operator who provides the person’s means of travel.

             (5)  This section has effect subject to section 58.

50A  Payment of child disability assistance

                   If an individual is qualified for child disability assistance in respect of a particular 1 July, the Secretary must pay the assistance to the individual in a single lump sum:

                     (a)  on the date that the Secretary considers to be the earliest date on which it is reasonably practicable for the payment to be made; and

                     (b)  in such manner as the Secretary considers appropriate.

51  Advance in case of severe financial hardship

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the Secretary determines:

                              (i)  that a claim by a person who is in Australia for a social security benefit or pension is to be granted; or

                             (ii)  that a social security benefit or pension is payable to a person under section 85; and

                     (b)  the Secretary is satisfied that, if the person is required to wait until the end of:

                              (i)  the first instalment period in relation to the benefit or pension; or

                             (ii)  the first instalment period in relation to the benefit or pension after the resumption of payment of the benefit or pension;

                            for payment of an instalment, the person will suffer severe financial hardship;

the Secretary may determine that a specified amount is to be paid to the person in advance.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a claim for a social security pension or benefit is granted because of subsection 37(7); and

                     (b)  the Secretary makes a determination under subsection (1);

the amount payable by virtue of that determination may be paid before the claimant is released from gaol or psychiatric confinement if the Secretary thinks it is necessary to do so in order to ensure that the claimant, on release, will not suffer severe financial hardship.

             (3)  The operation of subsection (2) is not affected by section 1158, 1162 or 1162A of the 1991 Act.

             (4)  The amount paid under a determination under subsection (1) is not to exceed the amount that, in the opinion of the Secretary, would be the total of the amounts payable to the person for the first 14 days on which the benefit or pension is payable to the person.

             (5)  An amount paid to a person under subsection (1) is taken to be an advance payment of the instalment or instalments, or of that part of the instalment or instalments, that relate to the days referred to in subsection (4).

52  Payment of certain amounts outside Australia

             (1)  This section applies to the following social security payments:

                     (a)  age pension;

                     (b)  bereavement allowance;

                     (c)  carer payment;

                     (d)  disability support pension;

                     (e)  mature age allowance payable under Part 2.12A of the 1991 Act;

                      (f)  mature age partner allowance payable under Part 2.12A of the 1991 Act;

                     (g)  pension PP (single) to which clause 105A of Schedule 1A to the 1991 Act applies;

                     (h)  pensioner education supplement;

                      (i)  widow B pension;

                      (j)  wife pension;

                     (k)  special benefit;

                      (l)  Northern Territory CDEP transition payment.

             (2)  If a person who is receiving a social security payment to which this section applies is outside Australia, instalments of the payment are to be paid to the person at such times as the Secretary determines for the purposes of this section.

53  Payment of instalments where pension received under other legislation

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  an age pension or a disability support pension is payable to a person; and

                     (b)  the person is receiving a veteran’s disability pension; and

                     (c)  the Secretary has made a determination, for the purposes of this subsection, that instalments of age pension or disability support pension, as the case may be, are to be paid to the person on the days on which instalments of the veteran’s disability pension are paid to the person; and

                     (d)  the determination has not been revoked;

instalments of age pension or disability support pension are to be paid to the person in accordance with the determination.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  an age pension or a disability support pension is payable to a person; and

                     (b)  the person’s partner is receiving:

                              (i)  an age pension and a veteran’s disability pension; or

                             (ii)  a disability support pension and a veteran’s disability pension; and

                     (c)  the Secretary has made a determination, for the purposes of this subsection, that instalments of age pension or disability support pension, as the case may be, are to be paid to the person on the days on which instalments of the veteran’s disability pension are paid to the person’s partner; and

                     (d)  the determination has not been revoked;

instalments of age pension or disability support pension are to be paid to the person in accordance with the determination.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a person is receiving a wife pension; and

                     (b)  the person’s partner is receiving:

                              (i)  an age pension and a veteran’s disability pension; or

                             (ii)  a disability support pension and a veteran’s disability pension; and

                     (c)  the Secretary has made a determination, for the purposes of this subsection, that instalments of wife pension are to be paid to the person on the days on which instalments of the veteran’s disability pension are paid to the person’s partner; and

                     (d)  the determination has not been revoked;

instalments of wife pension are to be paid to the person in accordance with the determination.

54  Rounding off instalments of social security payments

             (1)  In this section:

instalment means an instalment of a social security payment.

Note:          Subsection 43(3E) affects what is an instalment of a social security periodic payment if the Secretary has determined under subsection 43(3A) that a person is to be paid the total amount of a social security periodic payment relating to an instalment period in 2 payments.

             (2)  If the amount of an instalment would be:

                     (a)  one or more whole dollars and a part of a cent; or

                     (b)  one or more whole dollars and cents and a part of a cent;

the amount is to be increased or decreased to the nearest whole cent.

             (3)  If the amount of an instalment would be:

                     (a)  one or more whole dollars and 0.5 cent; or

                     (b)  one or more whole dollars and cents and 0.5 cent;

the amount is to be increased by 0.5 cent.

             (4)  If, apart from this subsection, the amount of an instalment would be less than $1.00, the amount is to be increased to $1.00.

55  Payment into bank account etc.

             (1)  Subject to Part 3A, an amount (the relevant amount) that is to be paid to a person under section 44, 45, 47, 47DA, 47DB, 48, 48A, 48B, 48C, 48D or 50 is to be paid in the manner set out in this section.

             (2)  Subject to subsections (4) and (4A), the relevant amount is to be paid to the credit of a bank account nominated and maintained by the person.

             (3)  The account may be an account that is maintained by the person either alone or jointly or in common with another person.

             (4)  The Secretary may direct that the whole or a part of the relevant amount be paid to the person in a different way from that provided for by subsection (2). If the Secretary gives a direction, the relevant amount is to be paid in accordance with the direction.

          (4A)  Fares allowance is to be paid to a person as follows:

                     (a)  fares allowance is to be paid to the credit of the bank account to the credit of which payments of youth allowance, austudy payment or pensioner education supplement payable to the person are or were made;

                     (b)  if, because of a direction under subsection (4), youth allowance, austudy payment or pensioner education supplement is not paid to the credit of a bank account, fares allowance is to be paid in the same way as the youth allowance, austudy payment or pensioner education supplement, as the case may be.

             (5)  If, at the end of the period of 28 days starting on the day on which the Secretary requested the person to nominate an account for the purposes of subsection (2) (the 28 day period):

                     (a)  the person has not nominated an account for the purposes of subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the Secretary has not given, or has revoked, a direction under subsection (4) in relation to the payment of the relevant amount to the person;

the relevant amount ceases to be payable to the person.

             (6)  If the person nominates an account for the purposes of subsection (2) after the end of the 28 day period, the relevant amount again becomes payable to the person and is so payable:

                     (a)  if the nomination is made within 13 weeks after the end of the 28 day period—on and from the first day after the end of that period; or

                     (b)  if the nomination is not so made—on and from the day on which the nomination is made.

             (7)  Subsection (6) does not apply at a time when, because of the operation of another provision of the social security law, the relevant amount is not payable to the person.

56  Youth allowance—failure to nominate parent

             (1)  This section applies to a person if:

                     (a)  the person is under 18 years of age and is not independent; and

                     (b)  youth allowance has become payable to the person; and

                     (c)  the person has more than one living parent; and

                     (d)  at the end of the period of 28 days starting on the day on which youth allowance became payable to the person:

                              (i)  the person has not nominated a parent for the purposes of subsection 45(1); and

                             (ii)  the Secretary has not given a direction under subsection 45(2) in relation to payment of instalments of the person’s youth allowance.

             (2)  Youth allowance is not payable to a person while this section applies to the person.

             (3)  If a person to whom this section applies nominates a parent for the purposes of subsection 45(1), this section ceases to apply to the person.

57  Change of particular payday

                   If the Secretary is satisfied that an amount that would, apart from this section, be paid on a particular day cannot reasonably be paid on that day, the Secretary may direct that the amount be paid on an earlier day.

58  Payment of social security payment after death

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  an amount representing a social security payment (other than pension bonus, pension bonus bereavement payment or a student start‑up loan) is payable to a person; and

                     (b)  the person dies; and

                     (c)  another person applies to receive the amount; and

                     (d)  the application is made:

                              (i)  within 26 weeks after the death; or

                             (ii)  within such further period as is allowed by the Secretary in the special circumstances of the case;

the Secretary may pay the amount to the person who, in the Secretary’s opinion, is best entitled to it.

             (2)  If the Secretary pays an amount of a social security payment under subsection (1), the Commonwealth has no further liability to any person in respect of that amount.

59  Payment of pension bonus or pension bonus bereavement payment after death

             (1)  This section sets out the only circumstances in which a pension bonus or a pension bonus bereavement payment will be payable after the death of the person concerned.

          (1A)  If:

                     (a)  a person claims a pension bonus; and

                     (b)  the person dies; and

                     (c)  at the time of the person’s death, the person had received the bonus; and

                     (d)  after the person’s death, the Secretary determines that the person’s bonus is to be increased under section 93K or 93L;

the increase is payable to the legal personal representative of the person.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person claims a pension bonus or a pension bonus bereavement payment; and

                     (b)  the person dies; and

                     (c)  at the time of the person’s death, the claim had been granted, but the person had not received the bonus or payment;

the bonus or payment is payable to the legal personal representative of the person.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a person claims a pension bonus or a pension bonus bereavement payment; and

                     (b)  the person dies; and

                     (c)  at the time of the person’s death, the claim had not been determined;

then:

                     (d)  the Secretary must determine the claim after the person’s death as if the person had not died; and

                     (e)  if the claim is granted—the bonus or payment is payable to the legal personal representative of the person.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  under paragraph (3)(d), the Secretary is required to determine a claim for pension bonus after a person’s death; and

                     (b)  at the time of the person’s death, the person’s claim for age pension had not been determined;

then, for the purposes of the determination of the claim for pension bonus, the following provisions have effect:

                     (c)  the requirements of paragraph 92C(a) of the 1991 Act are taken to be satisfied if:

                              (i)  the person would have started to receive an age pension if he or she had not died; and

                             (ii)  that age pension would have been received otherwise than because of a scheduled international social security agreement;

                     (d)  Division 6 of Part 2.2A of the 1991 Act has effect as if:

                              (i)  a reference in that Division to a particular rate were a reference to the rate that would have been applicable to the person if the person had not died; and

                             (ii)  a reference in that Division to the date of grant of the age pension were a reference to the date on which the age pension would have been granted if the person had not died;

                     (e)  this Act has effect as if subsections 17(2) and 34(2) were omitted.

          (4A)  If a pension bonus is payable to the legal personal representative of a person under subsection (2) or (3), any increase in that bonus determined by the Secretary under section 93K or 93L is also payable to that legal personal representative.

             (5)  If a pension bonus or pension bonus bereavement payment is paid under subsection (2) or (3), the Commonwealth has no further liability to any person in respect of that bonus or payment.

Division 5Protection of social security payments

60  Protection of social security payment

             (1)  A social security payment is absolutely inalienable, whether by way of, or in consequence of, sale, assignment, charge, execution, bankruptcy or otherwise.

             (2)  This section has effect subject to:

                     (a)  sections 61 and 238 of this Act; and

                    (aa)  Parts 3B and 3D of this Act; and

                     (b)  sections 1231 and 1234A of the 1991 Act.

61  Deduction at request of recipient—payments to Commissioner of Taxation

             (1)  This section applies if a person asks the Secretary:

                     (a)  to make deductions from instalments of a social security payment payable to the person; and

                     (b)  to pay the amounts deducted to the Commissioner of Taxation.

             (2)  The Secretary may make the deductions requested by the person, and if the Secretary does so, the Secretary must pay the amounts deducted to the Commissioner of Taxation.

61A  Deduction at request of recipient—other payments

             (1)  This section applies if a person asks the Secretary:

                     (a)  to make deductions from instalments of a social security payment payable to the person; and

                     (b)  to pay the amounts deducted to a business or organisation nominated by the person.

             (2)  The Secretary may make the deductions requested by the person, and if the Secretary does so, the Secretary must pay the amounts deducted to the business or organisation nominated by the person.

62  Effect of garnishee or attachment order

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person has an account with a financial institution; and

                     (b)  either or both of the following subparagraphs apply:

                              (i)  instalments of a social security payment payable to the person (whether on the person’s own behalf or not) are being paid to the credit of the account;

                             (ii)  an advance payment of a social security payment payable to the person (whether on the person’s own behalf or not) has been paid to the credit of the account; and

                     (c)  a court order in the nature of a garnishee order comes into force in respect of the account;

the court order does not apply to the saved amount (if any) in the account.

             (2)  The saved amount is worked out as follows:

Method statement

Step 1.   Work out the total amount payable to the person in respect of the social security payment that has been paid to the credit of the account during the 4 week period immediately before the court order came into force.

Step 2.   Subtract from that amount the total amount withdrawn from the account during the same 4 week period: the result is the saved amount.

             (3)  This section applies to an account whether it is maintained by a person:

                     (a)  alone; or

                     (b)  jointly with another person; or

                     (c)  in common with another person.

Division 6Requirement to provide information, undergo medical examination etc.

Subdivision AGeneral

63  Requirement to attend Department etc.

Secretary may require person to attend Department etc.

             (1)  Subsection (2) applies to a person if:

                     (a)  the person is receiving, or has made a claim for, a social security payment; or

                     (b)  the person is the holder of, or has made a claim for, a concession card; or

                     (c)  the Department is contacted by or on behalf of the person in relation to a claim for:

                              (i)  if the person is not undertaking full‑time study and is not a new apprentice—youth allowance; or

                             (ii)  in any case—newstart allowance;

                            to be paid to the person.

             (2)  If the Secretary is of the opinion that a person to whom this subsection applies should:

                     (a)  attend an office of the Department; or

                     (b)  contact the Department; or

                     (c)  attend a particular place for a particular purpose; or

                     (d)  give information to the Secretary;

the Secretary may notify the person that he or she is required, within a specified time, to do that act or thing. However, the Secretary may not, under this subsection, notify a person that he or she is required to do an act or thing referred to in paragraph (4)(a) or (b).

Secretary may require person to undergo medical examination etc.

             (3)  Subsection (4) applies to a person if:

                     (a)  the person is receiving, or has claimed, any of the following social security payments:

                              (i)  disability support pension;

                             (ii)  parenting payment;

                            (iii)  youth allowance;

                            (iv)  newstart allowance;

                             (v)  sickness allowance;

                            (vi)  special benefit;

                           (vii)  mobility allowance; or

                     (b)  the Department is contacted by or on behalf of the person in relation to a claim for youth allowance or newstart allowance to be paid to the person.

             (4)  If the Secretary is of the opinion that a person to whom this subsection applies should:

                     (a)  complete a questionnaire; or

                     (b)  undergo a medical, psychiatric or psychological examination (whether or not at a particular place), and provide to the Secretary the report, in the approved form, of the person who conducts the examination;

the Secretary may notify the person that he or she is required, within a specified time, to do that act or thing.

Method for giving notice

             (5)  The Secretary may notify a person under subsection (2) or (4):

                     (a)  by sending the notice by prepaid post addressed to the person at his or her postal address last known to the Secretary; or

                     (b)  in any other way the Secretary considers appropriate.

Validity of notice not affected in certain circumstances

             (6)  A failure to specify the particular purpose in a notice given to a person for the purposes of paragraph (2)(c) does not affect the validity of the notice.

Consequence of not informing person of effect of failure to comply with requirement in notice

             (7)  If a person is notified under subsection (2) or (4) and the notice does not inform the person of the effect of section 64, subsection 64(1) or (5) (as the case requires) does not apply to the person in relation to the requirement in the notice.

64  Effect of failing to comply with requirement to attend Department etc.

Person receiving, or claiming, social security payment

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person is receiving, or has made a claim for, a social security payment; and

                     (b)  the Secretary notifies the person under subsection 63(2) or (4); and

                     (c)  the requirement in the notice is reasonable; and

                     (d)  the person does not comply with the requirement; and

                     (e)  except if the person is receiving, or has made a claim for, a participation payment—the Secretary is not satisfied that the person had a reasonable excuse for not complying with the requirement; and

                      (f)  the Secretary is satisfied that it is reasonable for this subsection to apply to the person;

the payment that the person is receiving or has claimed is not payable.

          (1A)  Subsection (1) does not apply if:

                     (a)  the person is receiving a participation payment; and

                     (b)  the person fails to attend an appointment that the person is required to attend by a notice under subsection 63(2); and

                     (c)  the Secretary makes a determination under subsection 42SA(1) in relation to the person and the failure.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if:

                     (a)  the person is receiving, or has made a claim for, youth allowance; and

                     (b)  the notice included a statement to the effect that a failure to comply with the requirement in the notice could constitute a youth allowance participation failure.

Note:          If a recipient of, or claimant for, youth allowance does not comply with a requirement notified under subsection 63(2) or (4), this may result in the payment not being payable to the person: see sections 550B and 551 of the 1991 Act.

             (3)  Subsection (1) does not apply if:

                     (a)  the person is receiving, or has made a claim for, an austudy payment; and

                     (b)  the notice included a statement to the effect that a failure to comply with the requirement in the notice could constitute an austudy participation failure.

Note:          If a recipient of, or claimant for, an austudy payment does not comply with a requirement notified under subsection 63(2), this may result in the payment not being payable to the person: see sections 576A and 577 of the 1991 Act.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a social security payment is not payable to a person because of subsection (1); and

                     (b)  the Secretary is satisfied that it is no longer reasonable for that subsection to apply to the person in relation to the requirement in the notice given to the person under subsection 63(2) or (4);

the Secretary may determine that, on and after a day specified by the Secretary, subsection (1) ceases to apply to the person in relation to that requirement.

Person holding, or claiming, concession card

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  a person is the holder of, or has made a claim for, a concession card; and

                     (b)  the Secretary notifies the person under subsection 63(2); and

                     (c)  the requirement in the notice is reasonable; and

                     (d)  the person does not comply with the requirement; and

                     (e)  the Secretary is not satisfied that the person had a reasonable excuse for not complying with the requirement; and

                      (f)  the Secretary is satisfied that it is reasonable for this subsection to apply to the person;

the person ceases to be, or is not, qualified for the concession card.

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  a person has ceased to be, or is not, qualified for a concession card because of subsection (5); and

                     (b)  the Secretary is satisfied that it is no longer reasonable for that subsection to apply to the person in relation to the requirement in the notice given to the person under subsection 63(2);

the Secretary may determine that, on and after a day specified by the Secretary, subsection (5) ceases to apply to the person in relation to that requirement.

65  Medical certificate in support of claim for sickness allowance

             (1)  Subject to subsection (3), a claim for sickness allowance must be supported by the certificate of a medical practitioner which states:

                     (a)  the medical practitioner’s diagnosis; and

                     (b)  the medical practitioner’s prognosis; and

                     (c)  that the person is incapacitated for work; and

                     (d)  the period for which the person is incapacitated for work.

             (2)  A certificate for the purpose of subsection (1) must be in accordance with a form approved by the Secretary.

             (3)  A person’s claim for sickness allowance need not be supported by a medical certificate if the person is claiming to be qualified for sickness allowance under section 667 of the 1991 Act.

             (4)  The Secretary may, in special circumstances, direct that subsection (1) or (2) does not apply in relation to a claim.

66  Notice to obtain foreign payment

             (1)  This section applies to the following social security payments:

                     (a)  age pension;

                     (b)  bereavement allowance;

                     (c)  carer payment:

                     (d)  disability support pension;

                     (e)  parenting payment;

                      (f)  special needs age pension;

                     (g)  special needs disability support pension;

                     (h)  special needs widow B pension;

                      (i)  special needs wife pension;

                      (j)  widow allowance;

                     (k)  widow B pension;

                      (l)  wife pension;

                    (m)  farm household allowance in relation to a person who has reached pension age.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person claims, or is receiving, a social security payment to which this section applies; and

                     (b)  the Secretary is satisfied that the person may be entitled to a comparable foreign payment from a foreign country if the person applied for the payment;

the Secretary may give the person a notice that requires the person to take reasonable action to obtain the payment at the highest rate applicable to the person.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a person claims, or is receiving, a social security payment to which this section applies; and

                     (b)  the Secretary is satisfied that the person’s partner may be entitled to a comparable foreign payment from a foreign country if the partner applied for the payment;

the Secretary may give the person a notice that requires the partner to take reasonable action to obtain the payment at the highest rate applicable to the partner.

             (4)  A notice under subsection (2) or (3):

                     (a)  must be given in writing; and

                     (b)  may be given personally or by post or in any manner approved by the Secretary; and

                     (c)  must specify the period within which the reasonable action is to be taken.

             (5)  The period specified under paragraph (4)(c) must not end earlier than 14 days after the day on which the notice is given.

Subdivision BRequirement to give information about change of circumstances etc.

66A  General requirement to inform of a change of circumstances etc.

Person who has made a claim

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person has made a claim for:

                              (i)  a social security payment; or

                             (ii)  a concession card; and

                     (b)  the claim has been granted or has not been determined; and

                     (c)  an event or change of circumstances occurs that might affect the payment of that social security payment or the person’s qualification for the concession card;

the person must, within 14 days after the day on which the event or change occurs, inform the Department of the occurrence of the event or change.

Person receiving a social security payment or holding a concession card

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  a social security payment (other than utilities allowance or energy supplement under Part 2.25B of the 1991 Act) is being paid to a person; or

                             (ii)  a person holds a concession card; and

                     (b)  an event or change of circumstances occurs that might affect the payment of that social security payment or the person’s qualification for the concession card;

the person must, within 14 days after the day on which the event or change occurs, inform the Department of the occurrence of the event or change.

Person who has received a social security payment or held a concession card

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  a person is not receiving a social security payment but a social security payment (other than utilities allowance or energy supplement under Part 2.25B of the 1991 Act) has at any time been paid to the person; or

                             (ii)  a person does not hold a concession card but has at any time held such a card; and

                     (b)  an event or change of circumstances occurs that might have affected the payment of that social security payment or the person’s qualification for the concession card;

the person must, within 14 days after the day on which the event or change occurs, inform the Department of the occurrence of the event or change.

Interaction with notices under this Subdivision

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a person is subject to a requirement under subsection (1), (2) or (3) in relation to an event or change of circumstances; and

                     (b)  the person is given, or purportedly given, a notice under this Subdivision in relation to the same event or change of circumstances; and

                     (c)  the person complies with the notice to the extent that it relates to that event or change;

the person is taken to have also complied with that requirement within the period referred to in that subsection.

             (5)  Subsection (4) does not apply if the notice is given after the end of the period referred to in subsection (1), (2) or (3).

             (6)  This section does not limit the power of the Secretary to give a person a notice under this Subdivision.

67  Person who has made a claim

             (1)  Subsection (2) applies to a person if:

                     (a)  the person has made a claim for a social security payment; and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  the claim has been granted; or

                             (ii)  the claim has not been determined.

             (2)  The Secretary may give a person to whom this subsection applies a notice in writing that requires the person to do any or all of the following:

                     (a)  inform the Department if:

                              (i)  a specified event or change of circumstances occurs; or

                             (ii)  the person becomes aware that a specified event or change of circumstances is likely to occur;

                     (b)  give the Department a statement about a matter that might affect the payment to the person of the social security payment;

                     (c)  give the Department a statement about a matter that might affect the operation, or prospective operation, of Part 3B in relation to the person.

             (3)  Subsection (4) applies to a person if:

                     (a)  the person has made a claim for a concession card; and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  the claim has been granted; or

                             (ii)  the claim has not been determined.

             (4)  The Secretary may give a person to whom this subsection applies a notice in writing that requires the person to do either or both of the following:

                     (a)  inform the Department if:

                              (i)  a specified event or change of circumstances occurs; or

                             (ii)  the person becomes aware that a specified event or change of circumstances is likely to occur;

                     (b)  give the Department a statement about a matter that might affect the person’s qualification for the concession card.

             (5)  An event or change of circumstances is not to be specified in a notice under this section unless the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances might:

                     (a)  affect the payment of the social security payment or the person’s qualification for the concession card, as the case requires; or

                     (b)  affect the operation, or prospective operation, of Part 3B in relation to the person.

68  Person receiving social security payment or holding concession card

             (1)  Subsection (2) applies to a person to whom a social security payment (other than utilities allowance or energy supplement under Part 2.25B of the 1991 Act) is being paid.

             (2)  The Secretary may give a person to whom this subsection applies a notice that requires the person to do any or all of the following:

                     (a)  inform the Department if:

                              (i)  a specified event or change of circumstances occurs; or

                             (ii)  the person becomes aware that a specified event or change of circumstances is likely to occur;

                     (b)  give the Department one or more statements about a matter that might affect the payment to the person of the social security payment;

                     (c)  give the Department one or more statements about a matter that might affect the operation, or prospective operation, of Part 3B in relation to the person.

             (3)  Subsection (4) applies to a person who is the holder of a concession card.

             (4)  The Secretary may give a person to whom this subsection applies a notice that requires the person to do either or both of the following:

                     (a)  inform the Department if:

                              (i)  a specified event or change of circumstances occurs; or

                             (ii)  the person becomes aware that a specified event or change of circumstances is likely to occur;

                     (b)  give the Department a statement about a matter that might affect the person’s qualification for the concession card.

             (5)  An event or change of circumstances is not to be specified in a notice under this section unless the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances might:

                     (a)  affect the payment of the social security payment or the person’s qualification for the concession card, as the case requires; or

                     (b)  affect the operation, or prospective operation, of Part 3B in relation to the person.

69  Person who has received a social security payment or who has held a concession card

             (1)  Subsection (2) applies to a person who is not receiving a social security payment but to whom a social security payment (other than utilities allowance or energy supplement under Part 2.25B of the 1991 Act) has at any time been paid.

             (2)  The Secretary may give a person to whom this subsection applies a notice that requires the person to do either or both of the following:

                     (a)  inform the Department whether a specified event or change of circumstances has occurred;

                     (b)  give the Department a statement about a matter that might have affected the payment to the person of the social security payment.

             (3)  Subsection (4) applies to a person who is not the holder of a concession card but has at any time held such a card.

             (4)  The Secretary may give a person to whom this subsection applies a notice that requires the person to do either or both of the following:

                     (a)  inform the Department whether a specified event or change of circumstances has occurred;

                     (b)  give the Department a statement about a matter that might have affected the person’s qualification for the concession card.

             (5)  An event or change of circumstances is not to be specified in a notice under this section unless the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances might have affected the payment of the social security payment or the person’s qualification for the concession card, as the case requires.

             (6)  A person is not required to comply with a notice under this section if the notice requires the person to give information or a statement about an event or change of circumstances that occurred, or a matter that arose, more than 13 weeks before the giving of the notice.

70  Care receiver in respect of whom carer payment being made

             (1)  If a person is being paid a carer payment because he or she is providing constant care (or, if section 197F of the 1991 Act applies to the person, care) for a care receiver (other than one to whom subsection 198(7) of the 1991 Act applies) or care receivers, the Secretary may give a notice to:

                     (a)  any care receiver who is 16 or more; or

                     (b)  a parent of any care receiver who is under 16;

that requires the care receiver or parent, as the case may be, to inform the Department if:

                     (c)  a specified event or change of circumstances occurs; or

                     (d)  he or she becomes aware that a specified event or change of circumstances is likely to occur.

             (2)  The notice may describe the event or change of circumstances specified in the notice as a notifiable event for the purposes of section 198C of the 1991 Act.

70A  Person who is subject to the income management regime etc.

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a person if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to the income management regime (within the meaning of Part 3B); or

                     (b)  the Secretary is satisfied that it is likely that the person will become subject to the income management regime (within the meaning of Part 3B).

Requirement

             (2)  The Secretary may give the person a notice that requires the person to do either or both of the following:

                     (a)  inform the Department if:

                              (i)  a specified event or change of circumstances occurs; or

                             (ii)  the person becomes aware that a specified event or change of circumstances is likely to occur;

                     (b)  give the Department one or more statements about a matter that might affect the operation, or prospective operation, of Part 3B in relation to the person.

             (3)  An event or change of circumstances is not to be specified in a notice under this section unless the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances might affect the operation, or prospective operation, of Part 3B in relation to the person.

70B  Person who is subject to cashless welfare arrangements etc.

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a person if:

                     (a)  the person is a trial participant (within the meaning of Part 3D) for the purposes of cashless welfare arrangements; or

                     (b)  the person is a voluntary participant (within the meaning of that Part) for the purposes of cashless welfare arrangements.

Requirement

             (2)  The Secretary may give the person a notice that requires the person to do either or both of the following:

                     (a)  inform the Department if:

                              (i)  a specified event or change of circumstances occurs; or

                             (ii)  the person becomes aware that a specified event or change of circumstances is likely to occur;

                     (b)  give the Department one or more statements about a matter that might affect the operation, or prospective operation, of Part 3D in relation to the person.

             (3)  An event or change of circumstances is not to be specified in a notice under this section unless the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances might affect the operation, or prospective operation, of Part 3D in relation to the person.

72  Provisions relating to notice

             (1)  A notice under this Subdivision:

                     (a)  must be given in writing; and

                     (b)  may be given personally or by post or in any other manner approved by the Secretary; and

                     (c)  must specify how the person is to give the information or statement to the Department; and

                     (d)  must specify:

                              (i)  in the case of a notice under section 68 that requires the giving of more than one statement, each relating to the payment of the social security payment in respect of a period—the date by which the person is to give each statement to the Department; or

                             (ii)  in any other case—the period within which the person is to give the information or statement to the Department; and

                     (e)  must specify that the notice is an information notice given under the social security law.

             (2)  A notice under this Subdivision is not invalid merely because it fails to comply with paragraph (1)(c) or (e).

          (2A)  A date specified for the purposes of subparagraph (1)(d)(i) must be no earlier than 7 days after:

                              (i)  the day on which the notice under section 68 is given; or

                             (ii)  the day on which the period specified in the notice in relation to that first mentioned date begins;

whichever is the later.

             (3)  Subject to subsections (4), (6) and (7), the period specified for the purpose of subparagraph (1)(d)(ii) must:

                     (a)  in the case of a notice under section 67, 68 or 69 that requires the giving of information about an event or change of circumstances consisting of the receipt by the person of a compensation payment—be the period of 7 days after the day on which the person becomes aware that he or she has received, or is to receive, a compensation payment; or

                     (b)  in the case of a notice under section 67, 68 or 69 that requires the giving of any other information, or a notice under section 70—be the period of 14 days after:

                              (i)  the day on which the event or change of circumstances occurs; or

                             (ii)  the day on which the person becomes aware that the event or change of circumstances is likely to occur;

                            as the case may be; or

                     (c)  in the case of a notice under section 67 or 68 that requires the giving of a statement that relates to the payment of the social security payment in respect of a period specified in the notice—end not earlier than 7 days after the day on which the notice is given; or

                     (d)  in the case of a notice under section 67, 68 or 69 that requires the giving of a statement, not being a notice to which paragraph (c) applies—end not earlier than 14 days after the day on which the notice is given; or

                     (e)  in the case of a notice under section 70A that requires the giving of information mentioned in paragraph 70A(2)(a)—be the period of 14 days after:

                              (i)  the day on which the event or change of circumstances occurs; or

                             (ii)  the day on which the person becomes aware that the event or change of circumstances is likely to occur;

                            as the case may be; or

                      (f)  in the case of a notice under section 70A that requires the giving of a statement mentioned in paragraph 70A(2)(b)—end not earlier than 14 days after the day on which the notice is given.

             (4)  If the Secretary is satisfied that there are special circumstances related to a person who is to be given a notice under this Subdivision that requires the giving of information about an event or change of circumstances, the period to be specified for the purpose of subparagraph (1)(d)(ii) is such period as the Secretary directs in writing, being a period that ends not less than 15 days, and not more than 28 days, after:

                     (a)  in the case of a notice under section 67, 68 or 70A:

                              (i)  the day on which the event or change of circumstances occurs; or

                             (ii)  the day on which the person becomes aware that the event or change of circumstances is likely to occur; or

                     (b)  in the case of a notice under section 69—the day on which the notice is given.

             (6)  If a notice under section 67, 68 or 70A specifies an event consisting of the death of a person, the period to be specified under subparagraph (1)(d)(ii) is a period of 28 days after the day on which the event occurs.

             (7)  To the extent that a notice under section 67, 68 or 70A requires a person to inform the Department of any proposal by the person to leave Australia, subsection (3) does not apply to the notice.

             (8)  For the purposes of any provision of this Act, other than section 74 or a provision of Part 6, a person is taken to have failed to comply with a notice under this Subdivision if, in response to the notice:

                     (a)  the person gives information or a statement; and

                     (b)  the information or statement is false or misleading; and

                     (c)  the person is reckless as to whether the information or statement is false or misleading.

             (9)  Nothing in this section prevents the giving of more than one notice under this Subdivision to the same person in relation to:

                     (a)  a claim by the person for the same social security payment or concession card; or

                     (b)  the receipt by the person of the same social security payment; or

                     (c)  the holding by the person of the same concession card.

73  Application of provisions

                   Sections 66A to 72 extend to:

                     (a)  acts, omissions, matters and things outside Australia, whether or not in a foreign country; and

                     (b)  all persons irrespective of their nationality or citizenship.

74  Offence—failure to comply with notice

             (1)  A person must not refuse or fail to comply with a notice under section 67, 68, 69, 70 or 70A.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 6 months.

             (2)  Subsection (1) applies only to the extent to which the person is capable of complying with the notice.

             (3)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

             (4)  Subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Subdivision CProvision of tax file numbers

75  Secretary’s power to request tax file numbers

             (1)  This section applies to a person in Australia who:

                     (a)  has made a claim for a social security payment; or

                     (b)  is receiving a social security payment (other than utilities allowance or energy supplement under Part 2.25B of the 1991 Act); or

                     (c)  has made a claim for a seniors health card; or

                     (d)  is the holder of a seniors health card.

             (2)  The Secretary may request, but not compel, a person to whom this section applies:

                     (a)  if the person has a tax file number—to give the Secretary a written statement of the person’s tax file number; or

                     (b)  if the person does not have a tax file number:

                              (i)  to apply to the Commissioner of Taxation for a tax file number; and

                             (ii)  to give the Secretary a written statement of the person’s tax file number after the Commissioner of Taxation has issued it.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  this section applies to a person; and

                     (b)  the person is a member of a couple; and

                     (c)  the person’s partner is in Australia;

the Secretary may request, but not compel, the person to give the Secretary a written statement of the tax file number of the person’s partner.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  this section applies to a person (the recipient) because the person is receiving a social security payment; and

                     (b)  the income of a person (other than the recipient) is required to be taken into account for the purpose of working out the rate of the recipient’s social security payment; and

                     (c)  the person referred to in paragraph (b) is in Australia;

the Secretary may request, but not compel, the recipient to give the Secretary a written statement of the tax file number or numbers of each person who is a person referred to in paragraph (b).

76  Effect of failure by person to satisfy request for person’s tax file number

             (1)  If the Secretary makes a request under subsection 75(2) of a person who has made a claim for, or is receiving, a social security payment, the social security payment is not payable to the person unless, within 28 days after the request is made:

                     (a)  the person satisfies the request; or

                     (b)  the person satisfies subsection (2) or (3) of this section; or

                     (c)  the Secretary exempts the person from the need to satisfy the request.

          (1A)  If the Secretary makes a request under subsection 75(2) of a person who has made a claim for a seniors health card, the Secretary must not make a determination granting the claim unless, within 28 days after the request is made:

                     (a)  the person satisfies the request; or

                     (b)  the person satisfies subsection (2) or (3) of this section; or

                     (c)  the Secretary exempts the person from the need to satisfy the request.

          (1B)  If the Secretary makes a request under subsection 75(2) of a person who is the holder of a seniors health card, the Secretary is to determine that the card is to be cancelled unless, within 28 days after the request is made:

                     (a)  the person satisfies the request; or

                     (b)  the person satisfies subsection (2) or (3) of this section; or

                     (c)  the Secretary exempts the person from the need to satisfy the request.

             (2)  A person satisfies this subsection if:

                     (a)  the person has given the Secretary a TFN declaration; and

                     (b)  the declaration states that the person:

                              (i)  has a tax file number but does not know what it is; and

                             (ii)  has asked the Commissioner of Taxation to inform the person of the person’s tax file number; and

                     (c)  the person has given the Secretary a document that authorises the Commissioner of Taxation to tell the Secretary:

                              (i)  whether the person has a tax file number; and

                             (ii)  if the person has a tax file number—that number; and

                     (d)  the Commissioner of Taxation has not told the Secretary that the person has no tax file number.

             (3)  A person satisfies this subsection if:

                     (a)  the person has given the Secretary a TFN declaration; and

                     (b)  the declaration states that an application by the person for a tax file number is pending; and

                     (c)  the person has given the Secretary a document that authorises the Commissioner of Taxation to tell the Secretary:

                              (i)  if a tax file number is issued to the person—that number; or

                             (ii)  if the application is refused—that the application has been refused; or

                            (iii)  if the application is withdrawn—that the application has been withdrawn; and

                     (d)  the Commissioner has not told the Secretary that the person has not applied for a tax file number, that an application by the person for a tax file number has been refused or that the person has withdrawn an application for a tax file number.

77  Effect of failure by person to satisfy request for partner’s or related person’s tax file number

             (1)  If the Secretary makes a request under subsection 75(3) of a person who has made a claim for, or is receiving, a social security payment, the social security payment is not payable to the person unless, within 28 days after the request is made:

                     (a)  the person satisfies the request; or

                     (b)  the person satisfies subsection (3) or (4) of this section; or

                     (c)  the Secretary exempts the person from the need to satisfy the request.

          (1A)  If the Secretary makes a request under subsection 75(3) of a person who has made a claim for a seniors health card, the Secretary must not make a determination granting the claim unless, within 28 days after the request is made:

                     (a)  the person satisfies the request; or

                     (b)  the person satisfies subsection (3) or (4) of this section; or

                     (c)  the Secretary exempts the person from the need to satisfy the request.

          (1B)  If the Secretary makes a request under subsection 75(3) of a person who is the holder of a seniors health card, the Secretary is to determine that the card is to be cancelled unless, within 28 days after the request is made:

                     (a)  the person satisfies the request; or

                     (b)  the person satisfies subsection (3) or (4) of this section; or

                     (c)  the Secretary exempts the person from the need to satisfy the request.

             (2)  If the Secretary makes a request under subsection 75(4) of a person who is receiving a social security payment, the social security payment is not payable to the person unless, within 28 days after the request is made:

                     (a)  the person satisfies the request; or

                     (b)  the person satisfies subsection (3) or (4) of this section; or

                     (c)  the Secretary exempts the person from the need to satisfy the request.

             (3)  A person satisfies this subsection if:

                     (a)  the person has given the Secretary a declaration by the related person in accordance with a form approved by the Secretary; and

                     (b)  the declaration states that the related person:

                              (i)  has a tax file number but does not know what it is; and

                             (ii)  has asked the Commissioner of Taxation to inform the related person of his or her tax file number; and

                     (c)  the person has given the Secretary a document in which the related person authorises the Commissioner of Taxation to tell the Secretary:

                              (i)  whether the related person has a tax file number; and

                             (ii)  if the related person has a tax file number—that number; and

                     (d)  the Commissioner of Taxation has not told the Secretary that the related person has no tax file number.

             (4)  A person satisfies this subsection if:

                     (a)  the person has given the Secretary a declaration by the related person in accordance with a form approved by the Secretary; and

                     (b)  the declaration states that an application by the related person for a tax file number is pending; and

                     (c)  the person has given the Secretary a document in which the related person authorises the Commissioner of Taxation to tell the Secretary:

                              (i)  if a tax file number is issued to the related person—that number; or

                             (ii)  if the application is refused—that the application has been refused; or

                            (iii)  if the application is withdrawn—that the application has been withdrawn; and

                     (d)  the Commissioner of Taxation has not told the Secretary that an application by the related person for a tax file number has been refused or withdrawn.

             (5)  The Secretary may exempt a person from compliance with a request for a statement of a related person’s tax file number if the Secretary is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the person does not know the related person’s tax file number; and

                     (b)  the person can obtain none of the following from the related person:

                              (i)  the related person’s tax file number;

                             (ii)  a statement of the related person’s tax file number;

                            (iii)  a declaration by the related person under paragraph (3)(a) or (4)(a).

             (6)  In this section:

related person means:

                     (a)  in relation to a person of whom a request has been made under subsection 75(3)—the person’s partner; or

                     (b)  in relation to a person of whom a request has been made under subsection 75(4)—a person who is a person referred to in paragraph 75(4)(b).

Division 7Various determinations

Subdivision AProvisions relating to social security payments

78A  When this Subdivision does not apply

                   This Subdivision does not apply in relation to utilities allowance and energy supplement under Part 2.25B of the 1991 Act.

78  Rate increase determination

                   If the Secretary is satisfied that the rate at which a social security payment is being, or has been, paid is less than the rate provided for by the social security law, the Secretary must:

                     (a)  determine that the rate is to be increased to the rate provided for by the social security law; and

                     (b)  specify the last‑mentioned rate in the determination.

79  Rate reduction determination

             (1)  If the Secretary is satisfied that the rate at which a social security payment is being, or has been, paid is more than the rate provided for by the social security law, the Secretary is to:

                     (a)  determine that the rate is to be reduced to the rate provided for by the social security law; and

                     (b)  specify the last‑mentioned rate in the determination.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not authorise the Secretary to make a determination if:

                     (a)  the rate at which a social security payment is payable to a person is reduced by the operation of another provision of the social security law; and

                     (b)  the determination would take effect at or after the time at which the reduction referred to in paragraph (a) would take effect.

80  Cancellation or suspension determination

             (1)  If the Secretary is satisfied that a social security payment is being, or has been, paid to a person:

                     (a)  who is not, or was not, qualified for the payment; or

                     (b)  to whom the payment is not, or was not, payable;

the Secretary is to determine that the payment is to be cancelled or suspended.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not authorise the Secretary to make a determination if:

                     (a)  the payment of a social security payment to a person has been cancelled or suspended by the operation of another provision of the social security law; and

                     (b)  the determination would take effect at or after the time at which the cancellation or suspension referred to in paragraph (a) would take effect.

             (3)  However, subsection (1) authorises the Secretary to make a determination that:

                     (a)  cancels a social security payment that has been suspended under subsection 81(3); and

                     (b)  takes effect at or after the time the suspension took effect.

          (3A)  Subsection (1) does not authorise the Secretary to make a determination that cancels the payment of a parenting payment, youth allowance, austudy payment, newstart allowance or special benefit to a person if:

                     (a)  paragraph (1)(a) does not apply to the person; and

                     (b)  paragraph (1)(b) applies only because of the application of a compliance penalty period.

             (4)  A reference in this section to a social security payment being, or having been, paid includes a reference to:

                     (a)  if the social security payment is a youth allowance—the youth allowance being payable but for the operation of section 547AA; or

                     (b)  if the social security payment is a newstart allowance—the newstart allowance being payable but for the operation of section 615.

81  Cancellation or suspension for non‑compliance with certain notices

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person who is receiving a social security payment (other than a newstart allowance) has been given:

                              (i)  a notice under section 67 or 68 that requires the person to give the Department a statement; or

                             (ii)  a notice embodying a requirement under Division 1 of Part 5; and

                     (b)  the person does not comply with the requirement of the notice;

the Secretary may determine that the payment is to be cancelled or suspended.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person and his or her partner (the partner) are each receiving a social security payment; and

                     (b)  the partner has been given:

                              (i)  a notice under section 67 or 68 that requires the partner to give the Department a statement; or

                             (ii)  a notice embodying a requirement under Division 1 of Part 5; and

                     (c)  the notice relates to matters that might also affect the payment of the person’s social security payment; and

                     (d)  the partner does not comply with the requirement of the notice;

the Secretary may determine that the person’s payment is to be cancelled or suspended.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a person who is receiving a social security payment has been given a notice under section 67 or 68 that requires the person to inform the Department of a proposal by the person to leave Australia; and

                     (b)  the person does not comply with the requirement; and

                     (c)  the person leaves Australia; and

                     (d)  the person’s portability period (see section 1217 of the 1991 Act) for the payment has not ended;

the Secretary may determine that the payment is to be cancelled or suspended.

Note:          Subsection (3) lets the Secretary make one determination suspending the payment and later make another determination cancelling the payment. See subsection 33(1) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

81A  Rate reduction determination for non‑compliance with notice relating to rent assistance

             (1)  Without limiting section 81, if:

                     (a)  an amount of rent assistance is being added to a person’s maximum basic rate of social security payment; and

                     (b)  the person has been given:

                              (i)  a notice under section 67 or 68 that requires the person to give the Department a statement; or

                             (ii)  a notice embodying a requirement under Division 1 of Part 5; and

                     (c)  any statement, information or document required by the notice relates to:

                              (i)  whether the person qualifies for rent assistance; or

                             (ii)  the amount of the person’s rent assistance; and

                     (d)  the person does not comply with the requirement of the notice;

the Secretary may determine that the person’s rate of social security payment is to be reduced by not adding the amount of rent assistance to the person’s maximum basic rate.

             (2)  The determination must also specify the new rate of social security payment.

             (3)  Subsection (1) does not authorise the Secretary to make a determination if:

                     (a)  another provision of the social security law provides that the rate at which the social security payment is payable to the person is to be reduced by not adding the amount of rent assistance to the person’s maximum basic rate; and

                     (b)  the determination would take effect at or after the time at which the reduction referred to in paragraph (a) would take effect.

82  Cancellation or suspension for failure to take action to obtain foreign payment

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person who is receiving a social security payment has been given a notice under subsection 66(2); and

                     (b)  the Secretary is satisfied that the person has not complied with the requirement of the notice;

the Secretary may determine that the social security payment is to be cancelled or suspended.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person who is receiving a social security payment has been given a notice under subsection 66(3); and

                     (b)  the Secretary is satisfied that the person’s partner has not complied with the requirement of the notice;

the Secretary may determine that the social security payment is to be cancelled or suspended.

83  Changes to payments by computer

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  payment of a social security payment is based upon data in a computer; and

                     (b)  the rate of the payment is increased or reduced, or the payment is cancelled or suspended, because of the operation of a computer program used under the control of the Secretary; and

                     (c)  the program causes the change for a reason for which the Secretary could make the change by determination;

the change is taken to have been made by the Secretary by determination for that reason.

             (2)  A determination that is taken, by virtue of subsection (1), to have been made is taken to have been made on the day on which the computer program caused the change to be made.

84  Automatic transfer by computer

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  payment of a social security payment to a person is based upon data in a computer; and

                     (b)  because of the operation of a computer program used under the control of the Secretary, a social security payment of a different kind becomes payable to the person;

the Secretary is taken to have made a determination:

                     (c)  that the payment referred to in paragraph (b) is to be payable to the person; and

                     (d)  that the payment referred to in paragraph (a) is to cease to be payable to the person immediately before the day on which the payment referred to in paragraph (b) is to become payable to the person.

             (2)  A determination that is taken, by virtue of subsection (1), to have been made is taken to have been made on the day on which the payment referred to in paragraph (1)(b) became payable because of the operation of the computer program.

85  Resumption of payment after cancellation or suspension

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person’s social security payment is:

                              (i)  cancelled by force of section 93 or 94 or subsection 95C(2); or

                             (ii)  cancelled or suspended under section 80, 81 or 82; or

                           (iia)  suspended under subsection 95C(1); or

                            (iii)  cancelled under Part 3C (schooling requirements); and

Note:       For reconsideration of the suspension of a schooling requirement payment, see sections 124J, 124N and 124NG.

                     (b)  the Secretary reconsiders the decision; and

                     (c)  as a result of the reconsideration, the Secretary is satisfied that, because of the decision:

                              (i)  the person did not receive a social security payment that was payable to the person; or

                             (ii)  the person is not receiving a social security payment that is payable to the person;

the Secretary is to determine that the social security payment was or is payable to the person, as the case requires.

             (2)  The reconsideration referred to in paragraph (1)(b) may be a reconsideration on an application under section 129 or a reconsideration on the Secretary’s own initiative.

85A  Rate increase determination following rate reduction for non‑compliance with notice relating to rent assistance

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the Secretary reduces a person’s rate of social security payment under section 81A by not adding an amount of rent assistance to the person’s maximum basic rate; and

                     (b)  the Secretary reconsiders the decision; and

                     (c)  as a result of the reconsideration, the Secretary is satisfied that, because of the decision, the rate at which social security payment is being, or has been, paid is less than the rate provided for by the social security law;

the Secretary must determine that the rate is to be increased to the rate provided for by the social security law.

             (2)  The determination must also specify the new rate of social security payment.

             (3)  The reconsideration referred to in paragraph (1)(b) may be a reconsideration on an application under section 129 or a reconsideration on the Secretary’s own initiative.

Subdivision BProvisions relating to concession cards

86  Cancellation—person not qualified

             (1)  If the Secretary is satisfied that a person to whom a concession card has been granted is not qualified for the card, the Secretary is to determine that the card is to be cancelled.

Note:          The Secretary must cancel a seniors health card in certain circumstances if the Secretary makes a request under subsection 75(2) or (3) of the holder (about providing tax file numbers): see subsections 76(1B) and 77(1B).

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not authorise the Secretary to make a determination if:

                     (a)  the card has been cancelled by the operation of another provision of the social security law; and

                     (b)  the determination would take effect at or after the time at which the cancellation referred to in paragraph (a) would take effect.

87  Cancellation—non‑compliance with certain notices

                   If:

                     (a)  a person who is the holder of a concession card has been given:

                              (i)  a notice under section 68 that requires the person to give the Department a statement; or

                             (ii)  a notice embodying a requirement under Division 1 of Part 5; and

                     (b)  the person does not comply with the requirement of the notice;

the Secretary may determine that the person is to cease to be qualified for the card.

88  Changes to qualification by computer

                   If:

                     (a)  a person is qualified for a concession card; and

                     (b)  the person ceases to be qualified for the card because of the operation of a computer program used under the control of the Secretary; and

                     (c)  the program causes the change for a reason for which the Secretary could make the change by determination under section 87;

the change is taken to have been made by the Secretary by a determination under section 87 made for that reason.

89  Resumption of qualification

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the Secretary makes a determination under section 87 that a person is to cease to be qualified for a concession card; and

                     (b)  the Secretary reconsiders the decision; and

                     (c)  as a result of the reconsideration, the Secretary is satisfied that, because of the decision, the person was deprived of the concession card when he or she was qualified for the card;

the Secretary is to determine that the person is qualified for the card.

             (2)  The reconsideration referred to in paragraph (1)(b) may be a reconsideration on an application under section 129 or a reconsideration without any such application having been made.

Division 8Automatic cancellations and variations

Subdivision ASocial security payments

90A  When this Subdivision does not apply

                   This Subdivision does not apply in relation to utilities allowance and energy supplement under Part 2.25B of the 1991 Act.

90  Automatic cancellation—transfer to new payment type

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person is receiving a social security pension or benefit (the old payment); and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  a different kind of social security pension or benefit (the new pension or benefit) becomes payable to the person; or

                             (ii)  a service pension or income support supplement becomes payable to the person;

the old payment is cancelled, by force of this section, immediately before the day on which the new pension or benefit or the service pension, as the case may be, becomes payable to the person.

             (2)  In this section:

social security benefit does not include parenting payment.

91  Automatic cancellation of parenting payment on transfer to new payment type—member of couple

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person who is a member of a couple is receiving parenting payment; and

                     (b)  a social security benefit (other than benefit (PP) partnered) becomes payable to the person;

parenting payment is cancelled, by force of this section, immediately before the day that is the person’s start day in relation to the benefit referred to in paragraph (b).

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person who is a member of a couple is receiving parenting payment; and

                     (b)  as a result of a social security pension, service pension or income support supplement becoming payable to the person, the rate at which parenting payment is payable to the person becomes nil;

parenting payment is cancelled by force of this section immediately before the day on which the social security pension, the service pension or the income support supplement, as the case may be, becomes payable to the person.

93  Automatic cancellation—recipient complying with subsection 68(2) notice

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), if:

                     (a)  a person who is receiving a social security payment is given a notice under subsection 68(2); and

                     (b)  the notice requires the person to inform the Department of the occurrence of an event or change of circumstances within a specified period (the notification period); and

                     (c)  the event or change of circumstances occurs; and

                     (d)  the person informs the Department of the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances within the notification period in accordance with the notice; and

                     (e)  because of the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances:

                              (i)  the person ceases to be qualified for the social security payment; or

                             (ii)  the payment would, but for this section, cease to be payable to the person; and

                      (f)  the social security payment is not cancelled before the end of the instalment period for the person that is current when the event or change of circumstances occurs;

the following paragraphs have effect:

                     (g)  if the social security payment is cancelled during the instalment period (the first period) following the instalment period in which the event or change of circumstances occurs, the payment is payable to the person until the end of the instalment period in which the event or change occurs, and is then cancelled by force of this subsection;

                     (h)  if the payment is not cancelled during the first period, the payment is payable to the person until the end of the notification period, and is then cancelled by force of this subsection.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person who is receiving a social security payment is given a notice under subsection 68(2); and

                     (b)  the notice requires the person to inform the Department of the occurrence of an event or change of circumstances within a specified period (the notification period); and

                     (c)  the event or change of circumstances occurs; and

                     (d)  the person informs the Department of the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances within the notification period in accordance with the notice; and

                     (e)  because of the event or change of circumstances, the person’s working credit balance or student income bank balance is reduced to nil in an instalment period (the nil instalment period) of the person that is the same as, or later than, the instalment period in which the event or change of circumstances occurs (the event instalment period); and

                      (f)  either because of the reduction of the balance to nil or because of the balance having already been reduced to nil—the social security payment would, but for this subsection, cease to be payable to the person; and

                     (g)  the social security payment is not cancelled before the end of the nil instalment period;

the social security payment continues to be payable to the person until a day determined in accordance with subsection (3) and is then cancelled by force of this subsection.

             (3)  For the purposes of subsection (2), the day until which the social security payment continues to be payable to the person is:

                     (a)  if the cancellation is attributable to the reduction of the balance referred to in paragraph (2)(e) to nil and the payment is so cancelled during the instalment period (the next instalment period) following the nil instalment period—the later of:

                              (i)  the day before the day on which the balance was reduced to nil; or

                             (ii)  the end of the event instalment period; and

                     (b)  if the cancellation is attributable to the balance having already been reduced to nil and the payment is so cancelled during the next instalment period—the later of:

                              (i)  the day before the first day on which the opening balance was nil; or

                             (ii)  the end of the event instalment period; and

                     (c)  if the cancellation is attributable to the reduction of the balance to nil but the payment is not so cancelled during the next instalment period—the later of:

                              (i)  the day before the day on which the balance was reduced to nil; or

                             (ii)  the end of the notification period; and

                     (d)  if the cancellation is attributable to the balance having already been reduced to nil but the payment is not so cancelled during the next instalment period—the later of:

                              (i)  the day before the first day on which the opening balance was nil; or

                             (ii)  the end of the notification period.

94  Automatic cancellation—recipient not complying with subsection 68(2) notice

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), if:

                     (a)  a person who is receiving a social security payment is given a notice under subsection 68(2); and

                     (b)  the notice requires the person to inform the Department of the occurrence of an event or change of circumstances within a specified period (the notification period); and

                     (c)  the event or change of circumstances occurs; and

                     (d)  the person does not inform the Department of the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances within the notification period in accordance with the notice; and

                     (e)  because of the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances:

                              (i)  the person ceases to be qualified for the social security payment; or

                             (ii)  the social security payment ceases to be payable to the person;

the social security payment is cancelled, by force of this subsection, on the day on which the event or change of circumstances occurs.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person who is receiving a social security payment is given a notice under subsection 68(2); and

                     (b)  the notice requires the person to inform the Department of the occurrence of an event or change of circumstances within a specified period (the notification period); and

                     (c)  the event or change of circumstance occurs; and

                     (d)  the person does not inform the Department of the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances within the notification period in accordance with the notice; and

                     (e)  because of the event or change of circumstances, the person’s working credit balance or student income bank balance is reduced to nil in an instalment period of the person that is the same as, or later than, the instalment period in which the event or change of circumstances occurs; and

                      (f)  either because of the reduction of the balance to nil or because of the balance having already been reduced to nil—the social security payment ceases to be payable to the person;

the social security payment is cancelled, by force of this subsection, on:

                     (g)  if the cancellation is attributable to the reduction of the balance to nil—the day on which the balance was so reduced; and

                     (h)  if the cancellation is attributable to the balance having already been reduced to nil—the first day on which the opening balance was nil.

95  Automatic cancellation—failure to provide statement under subsection 68(2)

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person who is receiving a social security payment is given a notice under subsection 68(2) requiring the person to give the Department a statement or a number of statements; and

                     (b)  the notice relates to the payment of the social security payment in respect of a period or a number of periods specified in the notice; and

                     (c)  the person does not comply with the notice so far as it relates to a particular period;

then, subject to subsection (2), the social security payment is cancelled, by force of this section, on the first day in that period.

             (2)  If the Secretary is satisfied that, in the special circumstances of the case, it is appropriate to do so, the Secretary may determine in writing that subsection (1) does not apply to the person on and from a day specified in the determination.

             (3)  The day specified under subsection (2) may be before or after the making of the determination.

95A  Automatic cancellation of carer payment for non‑compliance with section 70 notice

                   If:

                     (a)  a care receiver or parent of a care receiver is given a notice under section 70; and

                     (b)  the notice requires the care receiver or parent to inform the Department of the occurrence of an event or change of circumstances within a specified period (the notification period); and

                     (c)  the event or change of circumstances occurs; and

                     (d)  the care receiver or parent does not inform the Department of the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances within the notification period in accordance with the notice; and

                     (e)  because of the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances:

                              (i)  the person receiving the carer payment ceases to be qualified for the payment; or

                             (ii)  the carer payment ceases to be payable to the person;

the carer payment is cancelled, by force of this section, on the day on which the event or change of circumstances occurs.

95B  Automatic suspension or cancellation—carer allowance

                   If:

                     (a)  a person is receiving a carer allowance because the person is qualified for that allowance under section 954B of the 1991 Act (receiving carer payment); and

                     (b)  the person’s carer payment is suspended or cancelled;

the carer allowance is by force of this section, suspended or cancelled, as the case may be, on the same day that the person’s carer payment is suspended or cancelled.

95C  Social security payment—suspension instead of cancellation under section 93 or 94

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person ceases to be qualified for a social security payment or a social security payment ceases to be payable to a person; and

                     (b)  the Secretary is satisfied that the cessation is because the person is employed by a Youth Bonus wage subsidy employer;

then the Secretary may determine:

                     (c)  that the person’s social security payment is suspended and that the suspension takes effect on the day of the cessation; and

                     (d)  that section 93 or 94 is taken not to apply or not to have applied, as the case requires, to the person’s social security payment in relation to the cessation.

Note:          For Youth Bonus wage subsidy employer, see subsection (4).

             (2)  Subject to subsection (3), if:

                     (a)  the suspension is in effect at the end of the period of 26 weeks beginning on the day the suspension takes effect; and

                     (b)  at the end of that 26‑week period, the person is not qualified for the social security payment or the social security payment is not payable to the person;

then the person’s social security payment is cancelled, by force of this subsection, on the day after the end of that 26‑week period.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  before the end of the period of 26 weeks beginning on the day the suspension takes effect and while the suspension is in effect, the person ceases to be employed by a Youth Bonus wage subsidy employer; and

                     (b)  the Secretary determines that the cessation is:

                              (i)  as a result (whether direct or indirect) of a voluntary act of the person that was not reasonable; or

                             (ii)  as a result of the person’s misconduct as an employee;

then the person’s social security payment is taken to have been cancelled, by force of this subsection, on the day of the cessation.

Note:          If the Secretary does not make a determination as mentioned in paragraph (b), then the social security payment may again become payable to the person (without the need for a further claim) if the requirements in section 85 are satisfied.

             (4)  In this section:

Youth Bonus wage subsidy employer, in relation to a person, means an employer that is eligible to receive a Youth Bonus wage subsidy in respect of the person under the program established by the Commonwealth and known as “Youth Jobs PaTH”.

96  Disability support pension—suspension instead of cancellation under section 93

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person ceases to be qualified for disability support pension because the person obtains paid work that is for at least 30 hours per week; and

                     (b)  the person has, within the notification period referred to in section 93, informed the Secretary that the person has obtained that work;

the Secretary may determine:

                     (c)  that section 93 does not apply to the person’s disability support pension; and

                     (d)  that the person’s disability support pension is to be suspended.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a person if:

                     (a)  the Secretary gives written notice to the person that the person is no longer qualified for disability support pension; and

                     (b)  the Secretary’s notice is given before the person informs the Secretary that the person has obtained work.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  disability support pension ceases to be payable to a person because the rate of the pension is nil as a result of the income, or increased income, earned by the person from his or her employment; and

                     (b)  the person has informed the Secretary about the income or increased income within the notification period referred to in section 93;

the Secretary may determine:

                     (c)  that section 93 does not apply to the person’s disability support pension; and

                     (d)  that the person’s disability support pension is to be suspended.

          (3A)  If:

                     (a)  the Secretary makes a determination under subsection (1) or (3) suspending a person’s disability support pension; and

                     (b)  within 2 years from the date of effect of the determination, the Secretary reconsiders the decision to suspend; and

                     (c)  as a result of the reconsideration, the Secretary is satisfied that the person is not receiving disability support pension that is payable to the person;

the Secretary is to determine that the disability support pension is payable to the person.

          (3B)  The reconsideration referred to in paragraph (3A)(b) may be a reconsideration on an application under section 129 or a reconsideration on the Secretary’s own initiative.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the Secretary suspends a person’s disability support pension under subsection (1) or (3); and

                     (b)  the determination suspending the disability support pension continues in effect throughout the period of 2 years from the date of effect of the determination;

then, at the end of that period of 2 years, the determination granting the person disability support pension is, by force of this section, revoked.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  the Secretary suspends a person’s disability support pension under subsection (1) or (3); and

                     (b)  the person has a partner who is receiving:

                              (i)  age pension; or

                             (ii)  disability support pension; or

                            (iii)  service pension or income support supplement;

then, for the period of the suspension, the partner is taken to be partnered (partner getting neither pension nor benefit).

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  the Secretary suspends a person’s disability support pension under subsection (1) or (3); and

                     (b)  the person has a partner who was, immediately before the suspension, receiving wife pension or carer payment;

the Secretary must determine that the partner’s wife pension or carer payment, as the case may be, is not to be cancelled but is to be suspended.

97  Disability support pension—suspension taken to have been under section 96

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person ceases to be qualified for disability support pension because the person obtains paid work that is for at least 30 hours per week; and

                     (b)  disability support pension ceases to be payable to the person under section 93; and

                     (c)  within the period of 2 years after the pension ceases to be payable, the person ceases to do work of the kind referred to in paragraph (a);

the Secretary may determine that the person is to be treated as if:

                     (d)  section 93 had not applied to the person’s disability support pension; and

                     (e)  the disability support pension had been suspended under section 96.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the Secretary makes a determination under subsection (1) in respect of a person; and

                     (b)  the person’s partner had ceased to be qualified for wife pension or carer payment when the person ceased to be qualified for disability support pension because the person obtained paid work;

the Secretary may determine that the partner is to be treated as if the partner’s wife pension or carer payment, as the case may be, had not been cancelled but had been suspended under section 96.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  disability support pension ceased to be payable to a person under section 93 because the rate of the pension was nil as a result of the income, or increased income, earned by the person from his or her employment; and

                     (b)  within the period of 2 years after the pension ceased to be payable, the income earned by the person from his or her employment is reduced to a rate that would not preclude the person from receiving disability support pension;

the Secretary may determine that the person is to be treated as if:

                     (c)  section 93 had not applied to the person’s disability support pension; and

                     (d)  the disability support pension had been suspended under section 96.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the Secretary makes a determination under subsection (3) in respect of a person; and

                     (b)  the person’s partner had ceased to be qualified for wife pension or carer payment when disability support pension ceased to be payable to the person for the reason mentioned in paragraph (3)(a);

the Secretary may determine that the partner is to be treated as if the partner’s wife pension or carer payment, as the case may be, had not been cancelled but had been suspended under section 96.

97A  Disability support pension—suspension instead of cancellation under section 94 (person obtains work)

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person was receiving disability support pension as a result of a claim made before 1 July 2006; and

                     (b)  the person ceased to be qualified for disability support pension because he or she obtained paid work that was for at least 30 hours per week; and

                     (c)  the person subsequently informs the Secretary that he or she has obtained that work; and

                     (d)  the person’s disability support pension was cancelled under section 94 because of that work; and

                     (e)  within the period of 2 years and 14 days after the person ceased to be qualified for the disability support pension, the person ceases to do work of the kind referred to in paragraph (b);

the Secretary may determine that:

                      (f)  the person is to be treated as if section 94 had not applied to the person’s disability support pension; and

                     (g)  the person’s disability support pension is suspended from the day on which the person ceased to be qualified for the pension.

However, this subsection ceases to apply to a transitional DSP applicant from the date of effect of the first decision about the person’s capacity to perform work made on or after 1 July 2006 following a review of the person’s capacity to perform work.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  subsection (1) does not apply, or has ceased to apply, to a person; and

                     (b)  the person ceased to be qualified for disability support pension because he or she obtained paid work that is for at least 30 hours per week; and

                     (c)  the person subsequently informs the Secretary that he or she has obtained that work; and

                     (d)  the person’s disability support pension was cancelled under section 94 because of that work; and

                     (e)  within the period of 2 years and 14 days after the person ceased to be qualified for the disability support pension, the person ceases to do work of the kind referred to in paragraph (b);

the Secretary may determine that:

                      (f)  the person is to be treated as if section 94 had not applied to the person’s disability support pension; and

                     (g)  the person’s disability support pension is suspended from the day on which the person ceased to be qualified for the pension.

             (3)  Neither subsection (1) nor (2) applies to a person if:

                     (a)  the Secretary gives written notice to the person that the person is no longer qualified for disability support pension; and

                     (b)  the Secretary’s notice is given before the person informs the Secretary that the person has obtained work.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the Secretary makes a determination under subsection (1) or (2) suspending a person’s disability support pension; and

                     (b)  the determination continues in force throughout the period (or the balance of the period) of 2 years and 14 days after its date of effect;

then, at the end of that period (or the balance of that period), the determination granting the person disability support pension is, by force of this subsection, revoked.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  the Secretary makes a determination under subsection (1) or (2) suspending a person’s disability support pension; and

                     (b)  the person’s partner had ceased to be qualified for wife pension or carer payment when the person ceased to be qualified for disability support pension for the reason mentioned in paragraph (1)(b) or (2)(b);

the Secretary may determine that the partner is to be treated as if the partner’s wife pension or carer payment, as the case may be, had not been cancelled but had been suspended for the period of the suspension of the person’s disability support pension.

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  the Secretary makes a determination under subsection (1) or (2) suspending a person’s disability support pension; and

                     (b)  within 2 years and 14 days from the date of effect of the determination, the Secretary reconsiders the decision to suspend; and

                     (c)  as a result of the reconsideration, the Secretary is satisfied that the person is not receiving disability support pension that is payable to the person;

the Secretary is to determine that the disability support pension is payable to the person.

             (7)  The reconsideration referred to in paragraph (6)(b) may be a reconsideration on an application under section 129 or a reconsideration on the Secretary’s own initiative.

97B  Disability support pension—suspension instead of cancellation under section 94 (person’s income)

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  disability support pension ceased to be payable to a person because the rate of the pension was nil as a result of the income, or increased income, earned by the person from his or her employment; and

                     (b)  the person subsequently informs the Secretary of that income or increased income; and

                     (c)  the person’s disability support pension was cancelled under section 94 because the pension ceased to be payable to the person for the reason mentioned in paragraph (a); and

                     (d)  within the period of 2 years and 14 days after the pension ceased to be payable, the income the person earned from his or her employment is reduced to a rate that would not preclude the person from receiving disability support pension;

the Secretary may determine that:

                     (e)  the person is to be treated as if section 94 had not applied to the person’s disability support pension; and

                      (f)  the person’s disability support pension is suspended from the day on which the pension ceased to be payable to the person.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a person if:

                     (a)  the Secretary gives written notice to the person that the person is no longer qualified for disability support pension; and

                     (b)  the Secretary’s notice is given before the person informs the Secretary of the person’s income or increased income.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  the Secretary makes a determination under subsection (1) suspending a person’s disability support pension; and

                     (b)  the determination continues in force throughout the period (or the balance of the period) of 2 years and 14 days after its date of effect;

then, at the end of that period (or the balance of that period), the determination granting the person disability support pension is, by force of this subsection, revoked.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the Secretary makes a determination under subsection (1) suspending a person’s disability support pension; and

                     (b)  the person’s partner had ceased to be qualified for wife pension or carer payment when disability support pension ceased to be payable to the person for the reason mentioned in paragraph (1)(a);

the Secretary may determine that the partner is to be treated as if the partner’s wife pension or carer payment, as the case may be, had not been cancelled but had been suspended for the period of the suspension of the person’s disability support pension.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  the Secretary makes a determination under subsection (1) suspending a person’s disability support pension; and

                     (b)  within 2 years and 14 days from the date of effect of the determination, the Secretary reconsiders the decision to suspend; and

                     (c)  as a result of the reconsideration, the Secretary is satisfied that the person is not receiving disability support pension that is payable to the person;

the Secretary is to determine that the disability support pension is payable to the person.

             (6)  The reconsideration referred to in paragraph (5)(b) may be a reconsideration on an application under section 129 or a reconsideration on the Secretary’s own initiative.

98  Automatic rate reduction—partner starting to receive pension or benefit

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), if:

                     (a)  a person is receiving a social security payment; and

                     (b)  the person’s partner starts to receive:

                              (i)  a social security pension or benefit; or

                             (ii)  a service pension or income support supplement; and

                     (c)  the person’s social security payment rate is reduced because of the partner’s receipt of the pension, benefit or supplement;

the social security payment becomes payable to the person at the reduced rate on the day on which the partner starts to receive the pension or benefit.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person is receiving a social security payment; and

                     (b)  the person’s partner starts to receive:

                              (i)  a social security pension or benefit; or

                             (ii)  a service pension; and

                     (c)  because the partner starts to receive that pension or benefit, the person’s working credit balance or student income bank balance is reduced to nil; and

                     (d)  either because of the reduction of the balance to nil or because of the balance having already been reduced to nil—the person’s social security payment rate is to be reduced;

the social security payment becomes payable to the person at the reduced rate on:

                     (e)  if the rate reduction is attributable to the reduction of the balance to nil—the day on which the balance was so reduced; and

                      (f)  if the rate reduction is attributable to the balance having already been reduced to nil—the first day on which the opening balance was nil.

99  Automatic rate reduction—recipient complying with subsection 68(2) notice

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), if:

                     (a)  a person who is receiving a social security payment is given a notice under subsection 68(2); and

                     (b)  the notice requires the person to inform the Department of the occurrence of an event or change of circumstances within a specified period (the notification period); and

                     (c)  the event or change of circumstances occurs; and

                     (d)  the person informs the Department of the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances within the notification period in accordance with the notice; and

                     (e)  because of the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances, the rate of the social security payment is to be reduced; and

                      (f)  the person’s rate of payment is not reduced before the end of the instalment period for the person that is current when the event or change of circumstances occurs;

the following paragraphs have effect:

                     (g)  if the person’s rate of payment is reduced during the instalment period (the first period) following the instalment period in which the event or change of circumstances occurs, the payment becomes payable to the person at the reduced rate immediately after the end of the instalment period in which the event or change occurs;

                     (h)  if the person’s rate of payment is not reduced during the first period, the payment becomes payable to the person at the reduced rate immediately after the end of the notification period.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person who is receiving a social security payment is given a notice under subsection 68(2); and

                     (b)  the notice requires the person to inform the Department of the occurrence of an event or change of circumstances within a specified period (the notification period); and

                     (c)  the event or change of circumstances occurs; and

                     (d)  the person informs the Department of the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances within the notification period in accordance with the notice; and

                     (e)  because of the event or change of circumstances, the person’s working credit balance or student income bank balance is reduced to nil in an instalment period (the nil instalment period) of the person that is the same as, or later than, the instalment period in which the event or change of circumstances occurs (the event instalment period); and

                      (f)  either because of the reduction of the balance to nil or because of the balance having already been reduced to nil—the rate of the person’s social security payment is to be reduced; and

                     (g)  the person’s rate of payment is not reduced before the end of the nil instalment period;

the social security payment becomes payable to the person at the reduced rate from the day immediately after the day determined in accordance with subsection (3).

             (3)  For the purposes of subsection (2), the day immediately after which the social security payment becomes payable to the person at the reduced rate is:

                     (a)  if the rate reduction is attributable to the reduction of the balance referred to in paragraph (2)(e) to nil and the rate is so reduced during the instalment period (the next instalment period) following the nil instalment period—the later of:

                              (i)  the day before the day on which the balance was reduced to nil; or

                             (ii)  the end of the event instalment period; and

                     (b)  if the rate reduction is attributable to the balance having already been reduced to nil and the rate is so reduced during the next instalment period—the later of:

                              (i)  the day before the first day on which the opening balance was nil; or

                             (ii)  the end of the event instalment period; and

                     (c)  if the rate reduction is attributable to the reduction of the balance to nil but the rate is not so reduced during the next instalment period—the later of:

                              (i)  the day before the day on which the balance was reduced to nil; or

                             (ii)  the end of the notification period; and

                     (d)  if the rate reduction is attributable to the balance having already been reduced to nil but the rate is not so reduced during the next instalment period—the later of:

                              (i)  the day before the first day on which the opening balance is nil; or

                             (ii)  the end of the notification period.

100  Automatic rate reduction—recipient not complying with subsection 68(2) notice

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), if:

                     (a)  a person who is receiving a social security payment is given a notice under subsection 68(2); and

                     (b)  the notice requires the person to inform the Department of the occurrence of an event or change of circumstances within a specified period (the notification period); and

                     (c)  the event or change of circumstances occurs; and

                     (d)  the person does not inform the Department of the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances within the notification period in accordance with the notice; and

                     (e)  because of the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances, the rate of the social security payment is to be reduced;

the social security payment becomes payable to the person at the reduced rate on the day on which the event or change of circumstances occurs.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person who is receiving a social security payment is given a notice under subsection 68(2); and

                     (b)  the notice requires the person to inform the Department of the occurrence of an event or change of circumstances within a specified period (the notification period); and

                     (c)  the event or change of circumstances occurs; and

                     (d)  the person does not inform the Department of the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances within the notification period in accordance with the notice; and

                     (e)  because of the event or change of circumstances, the person’s working credit balance or student income bank balance is reduced to nil in an instalment period of the person that is the same as, or later than, the instalment period in which the event or change of circumstances occurs; and

                      (f)  either because of the reduction of the balance to nil or because of the balance having already been reduced to nil—the rate of the person’s social security payment is to be reduced;

the social security payment becomes payable to the person at the reduced rate on:

                     (g)  if the rate reduction is attributable to the reduction of the balance to nil—the day on which the balance was so reduced; and

                     (h)  if the rate reduction is attributable to the balance having already been reduced to nil—the first day on which the opening balance was nil.

101  Automatic rate reduction—receipt of pension by person receiving parenting payment

                   If:

                     (a)  a person who is a member of a couple is receiving parenting payment; and

                     (b)  as a result of a social security pension, a service pension or income support supplement becoming payable to the person, the rate at which parenting payment is payable to the person is reduced;

parenting payment becomes payable to the person at the reduced rate on the day on which the social security pension, the service pension or the income support supplement, as the case may be, becomes payable to the person.

103  Changes to payments by computer following automatic cancellation or reduction

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person is receiving a social security payment on the basis of data in a computer; and

                     (b)  the payment is cancelled, or the payment rate is reduced, by the operation of a provision of the social security law; and

                     (c)  the cancellation or reduction is given effect by the operation of a computer program used under the control of the Secretary stopping payment or reducing the rate of payment;

the Secretary is taken to have made a determination that the provision referred to in paragraph (b) applies to the person’s social security payment.

             (2)  A determination that is taken, by virtue of subsection (1), to have been made is taken to have been made on the day on which the cancellation or reduction took effect.

Subdivision BConcession cards

104  Automatic cancellation—holder complying with subsection 68(4) notice

                   If:

                     (a)  a person who is the holder of a concession card is given a notice under subsection 68(4); and

                     (b)  the notice requires the person to inform the Department of the occurrence of an event or change of circumstances within a specified period (the notification period); and

                     (c)  the event or change of circumstances occurs; and

                     (d)  the person informs the Department of the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances within the notification period in accordance with the notice; and

                     (e)  because of the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances, the person would, but for this section, cease to be qualified for the card; and

                      (f)  the person does not cease to hold the card before the end of the notification period;

the person continues to be qualified for the card until the end of the notification period, and then ceases to be so qualified.

105  Automatic cancellation—holder not complying with subsection 68(4) notice

                   If:

                     (a)  a person who is the holder of a concession card is given a notice under subsection 68(4); and

                     (b)  the notice requires the person to inform the Department of the occurrence of an event or change of circumstances within a specified period (the notification period); and

                     (c)  the event or change of circumstances occurs; and

                     (d)  the person does not inform the Department of the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances within the notification period in accordance with the notice; and

                     (e)  because of the occurrence of the event or change of circumstances, the person ceases to be qualified for the card;

the person ceases to be qualified for the card on the day on which the event or change of circumstances occurs.

106  Changes by computer following automatic cancellation

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person is qualified for a concession card on the basis of data in a computer; and

                     (b)  the person ceases, by virtue of section 104 or 105, to be qualified for the card; and

                     (c)  the cessation is given effect by the operation of a computer program under the control of the Secretary causing the person to be notified of the cessation;

the Secretary is taken to have made a determination that the provision referred to in paragraph (b) applies to the person’s concession card.

             (2)  A determination that is taken, by virtue of subsection (1), to have been made is taken to have been made on the day on which the cessation took effect.

106A  Automatic cancellation on cessation of qualification

                   If a person who is the holder of a concession card ceases, otherwise than by virtue of section 104 or 105, to be qualified for the card, the card is cancelled by force of this section on the day on which the person ceases to be so qualified.

Subdivision CAdditional provision for certain pensioner concession cards and automatic issue health care cards

106B  Automatic cancellation

             (1)  Subject to subsection (3), if:

                     (a)  a section 1061ZA pensioner concession card or a listed automatic issue health care card has been granted to a person; and

                     (b)  in order to be qualified for the card, the person must be receiving, or be qualified for, a particular social security pension or benefit; and

                     (c)  the pension or benefit is cancelled;

the section 1061ZA pensioner concession card or listed automatic issue health care card, as the case may be, is, by force of this section, cancelled.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a health care card has been granted to a person; and

                     (b)  the person was qualified for the card under subsection 1061ZK(4) of the 1991 Act; and

                     (c)  the person ceases to be qualified under that subsection;

the health care card is, by force of this section, cancelled.

             (3)  Subsection (1) does not have effect in a case in which the Secretary determines in writing that he or she is satisfied that the person concerned is likely to be granted a social security pension or benefit before it is reasonably practicable to take steps to give effect to the cancellation of the card.

             (4)  In this section:

listed automatic issue health care card means an automatic issue health care card that is granted:

                     (a)  to a person who receives one of the following social security payments:

                              (i)  widow allowance;

                             (ii)  newstart allowance;

                            (iii)  sickness allowance;

                            (iv)  special benefit;

                             (v)  partner allowance;

                            (vi)  benefit PP (partnered); or

                     (b)  to a person who is receiving a youth allowance and who, at the time when a determination was made to grant the person the youth allowance:

                              (i)  was not undertaking full‑time study; and

                             (ii)  was not a new apprentice.

section 1061ZA pensioner concession card means a pensioner concession card granted to a person who is qualified for the card under section 1061ZA of the 1991 Act.

Division 9Date of effect of determinations

Subdivision ADeterminations relating to claims

107  General rule

             (1)  Subject to subsections (2), (3), (4) and (5), a determination under section 37 takes effect on the day on which the determination is made or on such earlier or later day as is specified in the determination.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a decision (the original decision) is made rejecting a person’s claim for a social security payment or a concession card; and

                     (b)  the person is given a notice informing him or her of the original decision; and

                     (c)  within 13 weeks after the notice is given, the person applies to the Secretary, under section 129, for review of the original decision; and

                     (d)  a decision that the claim be granted is made as a result of the application for review;

the determination embodying the last‑mentioned decision takes effect on the day on which the determination embodying the original decision took effect.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a decision (the original decision) is made rejecting a person’s claim for a social security payment or concession card; and

                     (b)  the person is given a notice informing him or her of the original decision; and

                     (c)  more than 13 weeks after the notice is given, the person applies to the Secretary, under section 129, for review of the original decision; and

                     (d)  a decision that the claim be granted is made as a result of the application for review;

the determination embodying the last‑mentioned decision takes effect on the day on which the application for review was made.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a decision (the original decision) is made rejecting a person’s claim for a social security payment or concession card; and

                     (b)  no notice is given to the person informing the person of the original decision; and

                     (c)  the person applies to the Secretary, under section 129, for review of the original decision; and

                     (d)  a decision that the claim be granted is made as a result of the application for review;

the determination embodying the last‑mentioned decision takes effect on the day on which the determination embodying the original decision took effect.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  a decision (the original decision) is made rejecting a person’s claim for a social security payment or concession card; and

                     (b)  the person is given a notice informing him or her of the original decision; and

                     (c)  the Secretary reviews the decision under section 126 without any application under section 129 for review of the decision having been made; and

                     (d)  a decision that the claim be granted is made as a result of the review;

the determination embodying the last‑mentioned decision takes effect on the day on which the determination embodying the original decision took effect.

Subdivision BDeterminations under section 78, 81A, 85 or 85A

108  Definition

                   In this Subdivision:

favourable determination means a determination under section 78, 85 or 85A.

109  Date of effect of favourable determination resulting from review

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a decision (the original decision) is made in relation to a person’s social security payment; and

                     (b)  a notice is given to the person informing the person of the original decision; and

                     (c)  within 13 weeks after the notice is given, the person applies to the Secretary, under section 129, for review of the original decision; and

                     (d)  the favourable determination is made as a result of the application for review;

the favourable determination takes effect on the day on which the determination embodying the original decision took effect.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a decision (the original decision) is made in relation to a person’s social security payment; and

                     (b)  a notice is given to the person informing the person of the original decision; and

                     (c)  more than 13 weeks after the notice is given, the person applies to the Secretary, under section 129, for review of the original decision; and

                     (d)  the favourable determination is made as a result of the application for review;

the favourable determination takes effect on the day on which the application for review was made.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a decision (the original decision) is made in relation to a person’s social security payment; and

                     (b)  the person is not given notice of the original decision; and

                     (c)  the person applies to the Secretary, under section 129, for review of the original decision; and

                     (d)  the favourable determination is made as a result of the application for review;

the favourable determination takes effect on the day on which the determination embodying the original decision took effect.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a decision (the original decision) is made in relation to a person’s social security payment; and

                     (b)  the person is given a notice informing him or her of the original decision; and

                     (c)  the Secretary reviews the decision under section 126 without any application under section 129 for review of the decision having been made; and

                     (d)  as a result of the review, the favourable determination is made within 13 weeks after notice of the original decision was given to the person;

the favourable determination takes effect on the day on which the determination embodying the original decision took effect.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  a decision (the original decision) is made in relation to a person’s social security payment; and

                     (b)  the person is given a notice informing him or her of the original decision; and

                     (c)  the Secretary reviews the decision under section 126 without any application under section 129 for review of the decision having been made; and

                     (d)  as a result of the review, the favourable determination is made more than 13 weeks after notice of the original decision was given to the person;

the favourable determination takes effect on the day on which the review was begun by the Secretary.

             (6)  This section does not apply to determinations to which section 109A or 110A apply.

             (7)  For the purposes of this section, if:

                     (a)  the Secretary makes a decision constituted by a determination made under section 78 to increase the rate at which a social security payment is being, or has been, paid; and

                     (b)  the determination is made because an amount has been indexed or adjusted by the operation of Part 3.16 of the 1991 Act;

then:

                     (c)  each person whose rate of social security payment is, or was, affected by the determination is taken to have been given notice of the determination and of the increased rate; and

                     (d)  the notice is taken to have been given on the day on which the amount was so indexed or adjusted.

109A  Date of effect of determination under section 78 resulting from review required by section 126A

                   If the Secretary makes a determination under section 78 (rate increase determination) as a result of a review required by section 126A (review of determination of youth allowance rate in relation to maintenance income), the determination takes effect:

                     (a)  unless paragraph (b) applies—on the date that would give full effect to the decision on review; or

                     (b)  if the date referred to in paragraph (a) is earlier than the first day of the income year before the income year in which the review decision was made—that first day.

110  Date of effect of favourable determination

             (1)  Subject to subsections (1A) to (11A) (inclusive), if a favourable determination is made following a person having informed the Department of the occurrence of an event or change of circumstances, the determination takes effect:

                     (a)  on the day on which the person so informed the Department; or

                     (b)  on the day on which the event or change occurred;

whichever is the later.

          (1A)  If a favourable determination is made in relation to a person who has not reached pension age:

                     (a)  following the person’s having informed the Department of the occurrence of an event or change of circumstances; and

                     (b)  because, in an instalment period of the person:

                              (i)  there is a decrease in the amount of employment income that is earned, derived or received, or that is taken to have been earned, derived or received, by the person; or

                             (ii)  the person has ceased to earn, derive or receive, or to be taken to earn, derive or receive, employment income;

the determination takes effect on the first day of the instalment period, or on the first day of the instalment period in which the person so informs the Department, whichever is the later.

             (2)  Subject to subsection (2A), if a favourable determination is made following a person having given the Department a statement about a matter in accordance with a notice under section 67 or 68, the determination takes effect on the day on which the matter arose.

          (2A)  If a favourable determination is made in relation to a person who has not reached pension age:

                     (a)  following the person’s having given the Department a statement about a matter in accordance with a notice under section 68 that relates to the payment of the social security payment in respect of an instalment period specified in the notice; and

                     (b)  because, in the instalment period:

                              (i)  there is a decrease in the amount of employment income that is earned, derived or received, or that is taken to have been earned, derived or received, by the person; or

                             (ii)  the person has ceased to earn, derive or receive, or to be taken to earn, derive or receive, employment income;

the determination takes effect on the first day of the instalment period.

             (3)  Subject to subsection (3A), if:

                     (a)  a person and his or her partner (the partner) are each receiving a social security payment; and

                     (b)  the partner has been given a notice under section 68 that requires the partner to give the Department a statement; and

                     (c)  the notice relates to the payment of the partner’s social security payment in respect of a period specified in the notice; and

                     (d)  the partner gives the Department a statement, in accordance with the notice, about a matter that arose during the specified period; and

                     (e)  following the giving of the statement, a favourable determination is made in relation to the person’s social security payment;

the determination takes effect on the day on which the matter arose.

          (3A)  If:

                     (a)  a person and his or her partner (the partner) are each receiving a social security payment; and

                     (b)  the partner has not reached pension age; and

                     (c)  the partner has been given a notice under section 68 that requires the partner to give the Department a statement; and

                     (d)  the notice relates to the payment of the partner’s social security payment in respect of an instalment period specified in the notice; and

                     (e)  the partner gives the Department a statement, in accordance with the notice, about a matter that arose during the instalment period; and

                      (f)  following the giving of the statement, a favourable determination is made in relation to the person’s social security payment; and

                     (g)  the determination is made because, in the instalment period:

                              (i)  there is a decrease in the amount of employment income that is earned, derived or received, or that is taken to have been earned, derived or received, by the partner; or

                             (ii)  the partner has ceased to earn, derive or receive, or to be taken to earn, derive or receive, employment income;

the determination takes effect on the first day of the instalment period.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a favourable determination is made following the death of a person’s partner (the partner); and

                     (b)  the favourable determination is made because the person elects not to receive bereavement payments; and

                     (c)  within the bereavement period:

                              (i)  the person notifies the Department, orally or in writing or in a manner approved by the Secretary, of the partner’s death; or

                             (ii)  the Secretary otherwise becomes aware of the death;

the determination takes effect on the day on which the partner died.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  a favourable determination is made following the death of a person’s partner (the partner); and

                     (b)  immediately before the partner died, the partner:

                              (i)  was not receiving a social security pension, a service pension or income support supplement; and

                             (ii)  was not a long‑term social security recipient; and

                     (c)  within the period of 4 weeks starting on the day after the day on which the partner dies:

                              (i)  the person notifies the Department, orally or in writing or in a manner approved by the Secretary, of the partner’s death; or

                             (ii)  the Secretary otherwise becomes aware of the death;

the determination takes effect on the day on which the partner died.

             (9)  If:

                     (a)  the favourable determination is made as a result of the Secretary forming the opinion, for the purposes of subsection 5(12) of the 1991 Act, that a young person will not, or would not, if an application were duly made, receive payments under a prescribed educational scheme; and

                     (b)  the Secretary is notified that the young person has been refused payment under a prescribed educational scheme within 28 days after the person is notified of that refusal;

the determination takes effect on the day on which the determination is made or on such earlier or later day as is specified in the determination.

           (10)  If:

                     (a)  the favourable determination is made because, for the purposes of subsection 5(11) of the 1991 Act, a young person is not qualified to receive a payment under a prescribed educational scheme; and

                     (b)  the young person, or another person or organisation, was previously in receipt of a payment under a prescribed educational scheme in respect of the young person but the payment has since ceased; and

                     (c)  the Secretary was notified, within 28 days after the payment was granted, that it was no longer being received;

the determination takes effect on the day on which the determination is made or on such earlier or later day as is specified in the determination.

           (11)  If:

                     (a)  the favourable determination is made because, for the purposes of subsection 5(11) of the 1991 Act, a young person is not qualified to receive payments under any prescribed educational scheme; and

                     (b)  no application has been made for payments in respect of that young person under any prescribed educational scheme; and

                     (c)  the Secretary is satisfied that it is reasonable that no such application has been made; and

                     (d)  the young person ceased, within 13 weeks after becoming a prescribed student child, to be a prescribed student child because the Secretary formed an opinion for the purposes of paragraph 5(12)(c) of the 1991 Act;

the determination takes effect on the day on which the young person became a prescribed student child.

        (11A)  If the Secretary makes a determination under section 78 (rate increase determination) as a result of a revised estimate of maintenance income for a parent of a person as referred to in section 123AA, the determination takes effect on the day the revised estimate was made by, or given to, the Secretary.

           (12)  This section does not apply to determinations to which section 110A applies.

110A  Date of effect of favourable determinations resuming payment after suspensions relating to non‑compliance

                   If:

                     (a)  a favourable determination is made under section 85 resuming payment of a parenting payment, youth allowance, austudy payment, newstart allowance or special benefit the payment of which had been suspended under section 80; and

                     (b)  the payment had been suspended because it was not payable because of:

                              (i)  subsection 42P(1) or 42S(1) (if the payment was a participation payment); or

                             (ii)  section 550B or 551 of the 1991 Act (if the payment was a youth allowance); or

                            (iii)  section 576A or 577 of the 1991 Act (if the payment was an austudy payment);

the determination takes effect, or is taken to have taken effect, on the day after the end of the period for which the payment, allowance or benefit is not payable because of section 550B, 551, 576A or 577 of the 1991 Act, or on the day after the serious failure period or unemployment non‑payment period ends under subsection 42P(1) or 42S(3) or (4) or section 42Q of this Act, as the case requires.

111  Date of effect of section 78 determination resulting from indexation or adjustment

                   If:

                     (a)  the Secretary makes a determination under section 78; and

                     (b)  the determination is made because an amount has been indexed or adjusted by the operation of Part 3.16 of the 1991 Act;

the determination takes effect on the day on which the amount was so indexed or adjusted.

114  Date of effect of other favourable determinations

             (1)  In the case of a favourable determination to which none of sections 109, 109A, 110 and 110A apply, the determination takes effect on the day on which the determination is made or on such other day as is specified in the determination.

             (2)  A day specified in a determination for the purpose of subsection (1) may be:

                     (a)  later than the day on which the determination is made; or

                     (b)  not earlier than 13 weeks before the day on which the determination is made.

Subdivision CDeterminations under section 89

115  Definition

                   In this Subdivision:

favourable determination means a determination under section 89.

116  Date of effect of favourable determination resulting from review—concession cards

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a decision (the original decision) is made in relation to a person’s qualification for a concession card; and

                     (b)  the person is given a notice informing him or her of the original decision; and

                     (c)  within 13 weeks after the notice is given, the person applies to the Secretary, under section 129, for review of the original decision; and

                     (d)  the favourable determination is made as a result of the application for review;

the favourable determination takes effect on the day on which the determination embodying the original decision took effect.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a decision (the original decision) is made in relation to a person’s qualification for a concession card; and

                     (b)  the person is given a notice informing him or her of the original decision; and

                     (c)  more than 13 weeks after the notice is given, the person applies to the Secretary, under section 129, for review of the original decision; and

                     (d)  the favourable determination is made as a result of the application for review;

the favourable determination takes effect on the day on which the application for review was made.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a decision (the original decision) is made in relation to a person’s qualification for a concession card; and

                     (b)  the person is not given any notice informing him or her of the original decision; and

                     (c)  the person applies to the Secretary, under section 129, for review of the original decision; and

                     (d)  the favourable determination is made as a result of the application for review;

the favourable determination takes effect on the day on which the determination embodying the original decision took effect.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a decision (the original decision) is made in relation to a person’s qualification for a concession card; and

                     (b)  the person is given a notice informing him or her of the original decision; and

                     (c)  the Secretary reviews the decision under section 126 without any application under section 129 for review of the decision having been made;

                     (d)  as a result of the review, the favourable decision is made more than 13 weeks after the notice of the original decision was given to the person;

the favourable determination takes effect on the day on which the determination embodying the original decision took effect.

Subdivision DDate of effect of adverse determinations relating to social security payments

117  Definition

                   In this Subdivision:

adverse determination means a determination under section 79, 80, 81, 81A or 82.

118  Date of effect of adverse determinations—general rules

             (1)  The day on which an adverse determination takes effect in relation to a social security payment is worked out:

                     (b)  in the case of carer payment—in accordance with this section and section 120; and

                     (c)  in the case of any other social security payment—in accordance with this section.

             (2)  Subject to subsections (2A), (2B), (2C), (2D) and (2E), if:

                     (a)  an adverse determination is made following a person having informed the Department of the occurrence of an event or change of circumstances; and

                     (b)  the person is not paid an instalment of the social security payment after the occurrence of the event or change and before the determination is made;

the determination takes effect on the day on which the event or change of circumstances occurred.

          (2A)  If an adverse determination is made in relation to a person who has not reached pension age:

                     (a)  following the person’s having informed the Department of the occurrence of an event or change of circumstances; and

                     (b)  because the person earns, derives or receives, or is taken to earn, derive or receive, employment income in an instalment period of the person;

the determination takes effect on:

                     (c)  if the determination is attributable to the reduction, during the instalment period, of the person’s working credit balance or student income bank balance to nil—the day on which the balance was so reduced; and

                     (d)  if the determination is attributable to the person’s having a working credit balance or a student income bank balance that has already been reduced to nil during the instalment period—the first day in the instalment period on which the person’s opening balance was nil; and

                     (e)  in any other case—the first day of the instalment period;

so long as the person is not paid an instalment of the social security payment after the day worked out under paragraph (c), (d) or (e) and before the determination is made.

          (2B)  If:

                     (a)  an adverse determination is made in relation to a person following the person’s having informed the Department of the occurrence of an event or change of circumstances; and

                     (b)  the determination is made because, in an instalment period of the person, either:

                              (i)  the person earns, derives or receives, or is taken to earn, derive or receive, ordinary income other than employment income; or

                             (ii)  the person has reached pension age and earns, derives or receives, or is taken to earn, derive or receive, employment income; and

                     (c)  the person’s student income bank balance is reduced to nil during the instalment period;

the determination takes effect on:

                     (d)  if the determination is attributable to the reduction of the student income bank balance to nil—the day on which the balance was so reduced; and

                     (e)  if the determination is attributable to the person’s having a student income bank balance that has already been reduced to nil during the instalment period—the first day in the instalment period on which the person’s opening balance was nil;

so long as the person is not paid an instalment of the social security payment after the day worked out under paragraph (d) or (e) and before the determination is made.

          (2C)  If an adverse determination is made to give effect to section 38H of the 1991 Act, the adverse determination takes effect on the day specified in the determination (which may be earlier than the day on which the determination is made).

          (2D)  If the Secretary makes a determination under section 79 (rate reduction determination) as a result of a revised estimate of the amount of maintenance income for a parent of a person as referred to in section 123AA, the determination takes effect on the day the revised estimate was made by, or given to, the Secretary.

          (2E)  If the Secretary makes a determination under section 79 (rate reduction determination) as a result of a review required by section 126A (review of determination of youth allowance rate in relation to maintenance income), the determination takes effect on the date that would give full effect to the decision on review.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  an adverse determination is made in relation to a person because of point 1064‑E3, 1066A‑F2A, 1067G‑H25, 1067L‑D24, 1068‑G8A, 1068A‑E13 or 1068B‑D21, or Division 3 of Part 3.14, of the 1991 Act; and

                     (b)  a social security payment has been paid to the person or the person’s partner when, because of the payment of arrears of periodic compensation payments, the payment should have been cancelled or suspended;

the determination takes effect on the first day of the periodic payments period to which the arrears of periodic compensation payments relate.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  an adverse determination is made in relation to a person because of point 1064‑E3, 1066A‑F2A, 1067G‑H25, 1067L‑D24, 1068‑G8A, 1068A‑E13 or 1068B‑D21, or Division 3 of Part 3.14, of the 1991 Act; and

                     (b)  the rate at which a social security payment was paid to the person or the person’s partner was, because of the payment of arrears of periodic compensation payments, higher than the rate at which the payment should have been paid;

the determination takes effect on the first day of the periodic payments period to which the arrears of periodic compensation payments relate.

             (5)  Subject to subsections (5A) and (5B), if the adverse determination is made following a person having given the Department a statement about a matter in accordance with a notice under section 67 or 68, the determination takes effect on the day on which the matter arose.

          (5A)  If an adverse determination is made in relation to a person who has not reached pension age:

                     (a)  following the person’s having given the Department a statement about a matter in accordance with a notice under section 68 that relates to the payment of the social security payment in respect of an instalment period specified in the notice; and

                     (b)  because the person earns, derives or receives, or is taken to earn, derive or receive, employment income in the instalment period;

the determination takes effect on:

                     (c)  if the determination is attributable to the reduction, during the instalment period, of the person’s working credit balance or student income bank balance to nil—the day on which the balance was so reduced; and

                     (d)  if the determination is attributable to the person’s having a working credit balance or a student income bank balance that has already been reduced to nil during the instalment period—the first day in the instalment period on which the person’s opening balance was nil; and

                     (e)  in any other case—the first day of the instalment period.

          (5B)  If:

                     (a)  an adverse determination is made in relation to a person following the person’s having given the Department a statement about a matter in accordance with a notice under section 68 that relates to the payment of the social security payment in respect of an instalment period specified in the notice; and

                     (b)  the determination is made because, in the instalment period, either:

                              (i)  the person earns, derives or receives, or is taken to earn, derive or receive, ordinary income other than employment income; or

                             (ii)  the person has reached pension age and earns, derives or receives, or is taken to earn, derive or receive, employment income; and

                     (c)  the person’s student income bank balance is reduced to nil during the instalment period;

the determination takes effect on:

                     (d)  if the determination is attributable to the reduction of the student income bank balance to nil—the day on which the balance was so reduced; and

                     (e)  if the determination is attributable to the person’s having a student income bank balance that has already been reduced to nil during the instalment period—the first day in the instalment period on which the person’s opening balance was nil.

             (6)  Subject to subsections (6A) and (6B), if:

                     (a)  a person and his or her partner (the partner) are each receiving a social security payment; and

                     (b)  the partner is given a notice under section 68 requiring the partner to give the Department a statement; and

                     (c)  the notice relates to the payment of the partner’s social security payment in respect of a period specified in the notice; and

                     (d)  the partner gives the Department a statement, in accordance with the notice, about a matter that arose during the specified period; and

                     (e)  following the giving of the statement, an adverse determination is made in relation to the person’s social security payment;

the determination takes effect on the day on which the matter arose.

          (6A)  If:

                     (a)  a person and his or her partner (the partner) are each receiving a social security payment; and

                     (b)  the partner has not reached pension age; and

                     (c)  the partner is given a notice under section 68 requiring the partner to give the Department a statement; and

                     (d)  the notice relates to the payment of the partner’s social security payment in respect of an instalment period specified in the notice; and

                     (e)  the partner gives the Department a statement, in accordance with the notice, about a matter that arose during the instalment period; and

                      (f)  following the giving of the statement, an adverse determination is made in relation to the person’s social security payment; and

                     (g)  the determination is made because the partner earns, derives or receives, or is taken to earn, derive or receive, employment income in the instalment period;

the determination takes effect on:

                     (h)  if the adverse determination is attributable to the reduction, during the instalment period, of the partner’s working credit balance or student income bank balance to nil—the day on which the balance was so reduced; and

                      (i)  if the determination is attributable to the partner’s having a working credit balance or a student income bank balance that has already been reduced to nil during the instalment period—the first day of the instalment period on which the opening balance was nil; and

                      (j)  in any other case—the first day of the instalment period.

          (6B)  If:

                     (a)  a person and his or her partner (the partner) are each receiving a social security payment; and

                     (b)  the partner is given a notice under section 68 requiring the partner to give the Department a statement; and

                     (c)  the notice relates to the payment of the partner’s social security payment in respect of an instalment period specified in the notice; and

                     (d)  the partner gives the Department a statement, in accordance with the notice, about a matter that arose during the instalment period; and

                     (e)  the partner’s student income bank balance is reduced to nil during the instalment period; and

                      (f)  following the giving of the statement, an adverse determination is made in relation to the person’s social security payment; and

                     (g)  the determination is made because, in the instalment period, either:

                              (i)  the partner earns, derives or receives, or is taken to earn, derive or receive, ordinary income other than employment income; or

                             (ii)  the partner has reached pension age and earns, derives or receives, or is taken to earn, derive or receive, employment income;

the determination takes effect on:

                     (h)  if the determination is attributable to the reduction of the partner’s student income bank balance to nil—the day on which the balance was so reduced; and

                      (i)  if the determination is attributable to the partner’s having a student income bank balance that has already been reduced to nil during the instalment period—the first day in the instalment period on which the partner’s opening balance was nil.

             (7)  If:

                     (a)  the person whose social security payment is affected by the adverse determination has contravened a provision of this Act or a provision of the 1991 Act (other than an excluded provision); and

                     (b)  the contravention causes a delay in the making of the determination;

the adverse determination takes effect on such day (which may be earlier than the day on which the determination is made) as is specified in the determination.

          (7A)  Subsection (7) does not apply to a determination under subsection 81(3).

             (8)  If:

                     (a)  a person has made a false statement or misrepresentation; and

                     (b)  because of the false statement or misrepresentation, a social security payment has been paid to a person when it should have been cancelled or suspended;

the adverse determination takes effect on such day (which may be earlier than the day on which the determination is made) as is specified in the determination.

             (9)  If:

                     (a)  a person has made a false statement or misrepresentation; and

                     (b)  because of the false statement or misrepresentation, the rate at which a social security payment was paid to a person was higher than it should have been;

the adverse determination takes effect on such day (which may be earlier than the day on which the determination is made) as is specified in the determination.

           (11)  If:

                     (a)  a person’s social security payment is suspended under section 80, 81 or 82; and

                     (b)  the payment is subsequently cancelled under section 80, 81 or 82;

the determination by which the payment is cancelled takes effect on the day on which the payment was suspended.

        (11A)  Despite subsection (11), a determination under section 80 or subsection 81(3) cancelling a person’s social security payment that has already been suspended under subsection 81(3) takes effect on such day (which may be earlier than the day on which the determination is made) as is specified in the determination.

           (12)  An adverse determination in relation to telephone allowance takes effect:

                     (a)  on the day on which it is made; or

                     (b)  if a later day is specified in the determination, on that day.

        (12A)  If:

                     (a)  a decision (the social security decision) was made that rent assistance (the social security rent assistance) was to be included when calculating a person’s rate of social security payment for each day in a period; and

                     (b)  the condition in subsection (12B) is met for each day in that period (which is about rent assistance also being included in family tax benefit); and

                     (c)  because the inclusion of the social security rent assistance was contrary to Part 3.7 of the 1991 Act, an adverse determination is made to reduce the rate of, or cancel, the person’s social security payment for each day in that period;

the adverse determination takes effect on the first day of that period.

        (12B)  The condition in this subsection is met for each day in a period if:

                     (a)  both of the following apply:

                              (i)  the person was a member of a couple (other than an illness separated couple, a respite care couple or a temporarily separated couple) on each day in the period;

                             (ii)  when the social security decision was made, a determination under the family assistance law was in force that included rent assistance when calculating the person’s, or the person’s partner’s, Part A rate of family tax benefit for each day in the period; or

                     (b)  both of the following apply:

                              (i)  the person was not a member of a couple, or was a member of an illness separated couple, a respite care couple, or a temporarily separated couple, on each day in the period;

                             (ii)  when the social security decision was made, a determination under the family assistance law was in force that included rent assistance when calculating the person’s Part A rate of family tax benefit for each day in the period; or

                     (c)  all of the following apply:

                              (i)  when the social security decision was made, no determination of a kind mentioned in subparagraph (a)(ii) or (b)(ii) (as the case requires) was in force;

                             (ii)  after the social security decision was made, such a determination was made;

                            (iii)  each day in the period either is, or comes after, the day on which the determination was made.

        (12C)  If:

                     (a)  an adverse determination is made under section 80 suspending the payment of a parenting payment, youth allowance, austudy payment, newstart allowance or special benefit to a person; and

                     (b)  the determination was made because of the application of:

                              (i)  subsection 42P(1) or 42S(1) (if the payment is a participation payment); or

                             (ii)  section 550B or 551 of the 1991 Act (if the payment is a youth allowance); or

                            (iii)  section 576A or 577 of the 1991 Act (if the payment is an austudy payment);

the determination is taken to have taken effect on the day of the start of the period for which the payment, allowance or benefit is not payable because of that section.

        (12D)  However, subsection (12C) does not apply to an adverse determination if the determination would take effect on an earlier day under another provision of this Act.

           (13)  In any other case, an adverse determination takes effect:

                     (a)  on the day on which it is made; or

                     (b)  if a later day is specified in the determination, on that day.

           (14)  For the purposes of subsection (7), the excluded provisions are:

                     (a)  subsections 67(2), 68(2) and 69(2) of this Act to the extent that they relate to the giving of a notice requiring a person to give a statement to the Department; and

                     (b)  sections 192, 193, 194 and 195 of this Act.

120  Additional rules in the case of carer payment

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the Secretary makes a determination (the earlier determination) that a person (the carer) is entitled to carer payment because the carer is providing care for a care receiver or care receivers; and

                     (b)  the determination is based on an assessment of the taxable income of the care receiver, or any of the care receivers, for a tax year; and

                     (c)  the assessment is subsequently amended by the Commissioner of Taxation, a tribunal or a court; and

                     (d)  as a result of the amendment of the assessment, the taxable income of the care receiver, or the sum of the taxable incomes of the care receivers, is more than the income ceiling under section 198A of the 1991 Act; and

                     (e)  the Secretary makes a determination under section 80 cancelling or suspending the carer payment;

the adverse determination takes effect on the day on which the earlier determination took effect.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the Secretary makes a determination (the earlier determination) that a person (the carer) is entitled to carer payment because the carer is providing care for a care receiver or care receivers; and

                     (b)  in making the determination, the Secretary had regard to the taxable income of the care receiver, or the sum of the taxable incomes of the care receivers, for a tax year; and

                     (c)  the taxable income of the care receiver or any of the care receivers is or includes an amount estimated by:

                              (i)  in the case of a care receiver who is a higher ADAT score adult—the care receiver or the care receiver’s partner; or

                             (ii)  in the case of a care receiver who is a sole care child, combined care child or multiple care child—the parent of the care receiver, the parent’s partner (if the parent is a member of a couple) or the carer; or

                            (iii)  in the case of a care receiver who is a lower ADAT score adult—the carer or the care receiver’s partner; or

                            (iv)  in the case of a care receiver who is a dependent child of a lower ADAT score adult—the carer or the care receiver’s parent; and

                     (d)  the Commissioner of Taxation subsequently makes an assessment of that taxable income; and

                     (e)  as a result of the assessment, the taxable income of the care receiver or the sum of the taxable incomes of the care receivers is more than the income ceiling under section 198A of the 1991 Act; and

                      (f)  the Secretary makes a determination under section 80 cancelling or suspending the carer payment;

the adverse determination takes effect on the day on which the earlier determination took effect.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  on the basis of the taxable income for a tax year of a care receiver who is a higher ADAT score adult, the Secretary makes a determination that a person (the carer) is entitled to carer payment because the carer is providing care for the care receiver; and

                     (b)  the care receiver’s taxable income for a later tax year exceeds the income ceiling under section 198A of the 1991 Act; and

                     (c)  the Secretary makes a determination under section 80 cancelling or suspending the carer’s carer payment;

the adverse determination takes effect:

                     (d)  if the Secretary made the determination under section 80 after the carer or care receiver informed the Department that the care receiver’s taxable income exceeded the income ceiling—on the day on which the carer or care receiver informed the Department; or

                     (e)  if, when the Secretary made the determination under section 80, the Department had not been informed by the carer or the care receiver that the care receiver’s taxable income exceeded the income ceiling—on the day on which the care receiver’s taxable income exceeded the income ceiling.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  on the basis of the taxable income for a tax year of a care receiver who is a sole care child, the Secretary makes a determination that a person (the carer) is entitled to carer payment because the carer is providing care for the care receiver; and

                     (b)  the care receiver’s taxable income for a later tax year exceeds the income ceiling under section 198A of the 1991 Act; and

                     (c)  the Secretary makes a determination under section 80 cancelling or suspending the carer’s carer payment;

the adverse determination takes effect:

                     (d)  if the Secretary made the determination under section 80 after the parent or carer of the child informed the Department that the care receiver’s taxable income exceeded the income ceiling—on the day on which the parent or carer informed the Department; or

                     (e)  if, when the Secretary made the determination under section 80, the Department had not been informed by the parent or carer that the care receiver’s taxable income exceeded the income ceiling—on the day on which the care receiver’s taxable income exceeded the income ceiling.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  on the basis of the sum of the taxable incomes for a tax year of care receivers who are combined care children, the Secretary makes a determination that a person (the carer) is entitled to carer payment because the carer is providing care to the care receivers; and

                     (b)  the sum of the taxable incomes of the care receivers for a later tax year exceeds the income ceiling under section 198A of the 1991 Act; and

                     (c)  the Secretary makes a determination under section 80 cancelling or suspending the carer’s carer payment;

the adverse determination takes effect:

                     (d)  if the Secretary made the determination under section 80 after a parent or carer of any of the children informed the Department that the sum of the taxable incomes exceeded the income ceiling—on the day on which the parent or carer informed the Department; or

                     (e)  if, when the Secretary made the determination under section 80, the Department had not been informed by a parent or carer of any of the children that the sum of the taxable incomes exceeded the income ceiling—on the day on which the sum of the taxable incomes of the care receivers exceeded the income ceiling.

          (5A)  If:

                     (a)  on the basis of the sum of the taxable incomes for a tax year of care receivers who are a lower ADAT score adult and one or more multiple care children, the Secretary makes a determination that a person (the carer) is entitled to carer payment because the carer is providing care to the care receivers; and

                     (b)  the sum of the taxable incomes of the care receivers for a later tax year exceeds the income ceiling under section 198A of the 1991 Act; and

                     (c)  the Secretary makes a determination under section 80 cancelling or suspending the carer’s carer payment;

the adverse determination takes effect:

                     (d)  if the Secretary made the determination under section 80 after the carer or the lower ADAT score adult informed the Department that the sum of the taxable incomes exceeded the income ceiling—on the day on which the Department was so informed; or

                     (e)  if, when the Secretary made the determination under section 80, the Department had not been informed by the carer or the lower ADAT score adult that the sum of the taxable incomes exceeded the income ceiling—on the day on which the sum of the taxable incomes exceeds the income ceiling.

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  on the basis of the sum of the taxable incomes for a tax year of care receivers who are a lower ADAT score adult and a dependent child, the Secretary makes a determination that a person (the carer) is entitled to carer payment because the carer is providing care to the care receivers; and

                     (b)  the sum of the taxable incomes of the care receivers for a later tax year exceeds the income ceiling under section 198A of the 1991 Act; and

                     (c)  the Secretary makes a determination under section 80 cancelling or suspending the carer’s carer payment;

the adverse determination takes effect:

                     (d)  if the Secretary made the determination under section 80 after the carer, the lower ADAT score adult or a parent of the dependent child informed the Department that the sum of the taxable incomes exceeded the income ceiling—on the day on which the Department was so informed; or

                     (e)  if, when the Secretary made the determination under section 80, the Department had not been informed by the carer, the lower ADAT score adult or a parent of the dependent child that the sum of the taxable incomes exceeded the income ceiling—on the day on which the sum of the taxable incomes exceed the income ceiling.

Subdivision EDate of effect of adverse determinations relating to concession cards

121  Definition

                   In this Subdivision:

adverse determination means a determination under subsection 76(1B) or 77(1B) or section 86 or 87.

122  Date of effect of adverse determinations

                   An adverse determination takes effect:

                     (a)  on the day on which it is made; or

                     (b)  if a later day is specified in the determination, on that day.

Division 10Continuing effect of determinations

123  Continuing effect of determinations

             (1)  A determination that:

                     (a)  a person’s claim for a social security payment is granted; or

                     (b)  a social security payment is payable to a person;

continues in effect until:

                   (ba)  the payment is cancelled by section 38M of the 1991 Act; or

                     (c)  a further determination in relation to the payment under section 80, 81 or 82, subsection 95C(1) or section 124H, 124M or 124NF takes effect; or

                     (d)  the payment ceases to be payable under section 90, 91, 93, 94 or 95; or

                     (e)  the end of the day immediately before the day on which the person dies.

             (2)  A determination that a person is qualified for a concession card continues in effect until:

                     (a)  a further determination under subsection 76(1B) or 77(1B) or section 86 or 87 takes effect; or

                     (b)  the person ceases to be qualified under section 104 or 105.

             (3)  A determination of the rate of a social security payment continues in effect until:

                     (a)  a further determination in relation to the payment under section 78, 79, 81A or 85A takes effect; or

                     (b)  the payment becomes payable at a lower rate under section 98, 99 or 100.

Division 11Estimates and verification of maintenance income for Youth Allowance Rate Calculator

123AA  Estimate of maintenance income for Youth Allowance Rate Calculator

             (1)  In working out the annualised amount of maintenance income for the parent of a person for the purposes of the maintenance income test in Module GA of the Youth Allowance Rate Calculator in section 1067G of the 1991 Act, the Secretary may have regard to an estimate of the amount of maintenance income for a period made by, or given to, the Secretary, if the Secretary is satisfied that the estimate is reasonable.

             (2)  If the Secretary has no reason to believe that there is any amount of maintenance income for the parent of the person for the period, the Secretary is taken to have had regard to an estimate of nil.

123AB  Verification of maintenance income for Youth Allowance Rate Calculator

             (1)  The method statement in this section applies if the Secretary is required by section 126A to review one or more decisions determining a rate of youth allowance for a person for a period or periods in an income year.

Method statement

Step 1.   Work out the amount of maintenance income for a parent of the person for the income year using the information referred to in paragraph 126A(c). In doing so:

               (a)     assume that the person is an FTB child of the parent for the year; and

              (b)     only take into account maintenance income received in relation to the person; and

               (c)     in working out whether maintenance income is received in relation to the person, have regard to the considerations that would apply under the Family Assistance Act.

              This amount is the parent’s actual maintenance income for the income year.

Step 2.   Work out the annualised maintenance income free area for the parent for the income year under section 123AC.

Step 3.   Go to:

               (a)     subsection (2) if the actual maintenance income is equal to or more than the annualised maintenance income free area but no more than 125% of the annualised maintenance income free area; or

              (b)     subsection (3) if the actual maintenance income is less than the annualised maintenance income free area; or

               (c)     step 4 if the actual maintenance income is more than 125% of the annualised maintenance income free area.

Step 4.   If the actual maintenance income is more than 125% of the annualised maintenance income free area, work out the annual amount of estimated maintenance income for the parent under section 123AD.

Step 5.   Go to:

               (a)     subsection (2) if the actual maintenance income is equal to or more than the annual amount of estimated maintenance income but no more than 125% of the annual amount of estimated maintenance income; or

              (b)     subsection (3) in any other case.

             (2)  If the method statement says go to this subsection, the Secretary must affirm the decision or decisions under review.

             (3)  If the method statement says go to this subsection, the Secretary must recalculate the person’s rate of youth allowance having regard to the parent’s actual maintenance income for the income year and vary or substitute the decision or decisions under review accordingly.

123AC  Annualised maintenance income free area

                   For the purposes of the method statement in section 123AB, work out the annualised maintenance income free area for a parent of the person for the income year using this method statement.

Method statement

Step 1.   Using Submodule 4 of Module GA of the Youth Allowance Rate Calculator in section 1067G of the 1991 Act, work out whether the maintenance income free area (the MIFA) for the parent was the same on all days in the income year. If it was, then that MIFA is the annualised maintenance income free area for the parent for the income year.

Step 2.   If the MIFA for the parent was not the same on all days in the income year, work out for how many days in the income year each MIFA applied.

Step 3.   Work out the MIFA share for each such period by using this formula:

             

Step 4.   Add up the MIFA share for each such period in the income year. The result is the annualised maintenance income free area for the parent for the income year.

123AD  Annual amount of estimated maintenance income

                   For the purposes of the method statement in section 123AB, work out the annual amount of estimated maintenance income for a parent of a person using this method statement.

Method statement

Step 1.   For each estimate of maintenance income of a parent of a person that applied in relation to a period in the income year, work out the annualised estimate by multiplying the amount of the estimate by:

             

Step 2.   For each annualised estimate worked out in step 1 for the income year, work out the period estimate by multiplying the annualised estimate by:

             

Step 3.   Add up all the period estimates for periods that occurred in the income year. This is the annual amount of estimated maintenance income for the parent for the income year.

Part 3ANominees

Division 1Preliminary

123A  Definitions

                   In this Part:

correspondence nominee means a person who, by virtue of an appointment in force under section 123C, is the correspondence nominee of another person.

nominee means a correspondence nominee or a payment nominee.

payment nominee means:

                     (a)  a person who, by virtue of an appointment in force under section 123B, is the payment nominee of another person; or

                     (b)  a person to whom instalments of youth allowance of another person are to be paid in accordance with subsection 45(1).

principal, in relation to a nominee, means:

                     (a)  in the case of a nominee appointed under section 123B or 123C, the person in relation to whom the nominee was appointed; or

                     (b)  in the case of a person to whom instalments of youth allowance are to be paid in accordance with subsection 45(1), the person on whose behalf those instalments are to be so paid.

relevant payment means:

                     (a)  instalments of a social security periodic payment; or

                     (b)  instalments of a special employment advance; or

                     (c)  a social security payment that is a lump sum benefit for the purposes of section 47; or

                    (ca)  a clean energy payment; or

                     (d)  instalments of utilities allowance; or

                     (e)  instalments of energy supplement under Part 2.25B of the 1991 Act; or

                      (f)  a payment of quarterly pension supplement; or

                     (g)  a payment of a student start‑up loan.

Division 2Appointment of nominees

123B  Appointment of payment nominee

                   Subject to section 123D, the Secretary may, in writing:

                     (a)  appoint a person (including a body corporate) to be the payment nominee of another person for the purposes of the social security law; and

                     (b)  direct that the whole or a specified part of a specified relevant payment that is payable to the nominee’s principal, or would, but for subsection 45(1), be so payable, is to be paid to the nominee.

123C  Appointment of correspondence nominee

                   Subject to section 123D, the Secretary may, in writing, appoint a person (including a body corporate) to be the correspondence nominee of another person for the purposes of the social security law.

123D  Provisions relating to appointments

             (1)  A person may be appointed as the payment nominee and the correspondence nominee of the same person.

             (2)  The Secretary must not appoint a nominee for a person (the proposed principal) under section 123B or 123C except:

                     (a)  with the written consent of the person to be appointed; and

                     (b)  after taking into consideration the wishes (if any) of the proposed principal regarding the making of such an appointment.

             (3)  The Secretary must cause a copy of an appointment under section 123B or 123C to be given to:

                     (a)  the nominee; and

                     (b)  the principal.

             (4)  The Secretary must not appoint a payment nominee for a person who is the holder of a concession card but is not receiving a social security payment.

123E  Suspension and revocation of nominee appointments

             (1)  If a person who is a nominee by virtue of an appointment under section 123B or 123C informs the Secretary in writing that the person no longer wishes to be a nominee under that appointment, the Secretary must, as soon as practicable, revoke the appointment.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the Secretary gives a person who is a nominee a notice under section 123K; and

                     (b)  the person informs the Department that:

                              (i)  an event or change of circumstances has occurred or is likely to occur; and

                             (ii)  the event or change of circumstances is likely to have an effect referred to in paragraph 123K(1)(b);

the Secretary may suspend or revoke the appointment by virtue of which the person is a nominee.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  the Secretary gives a person who is a nominee a notice under section 123K or 123L; and

                     (b)  the person does not comply with the requirement of the notice;

the Secretary may suspend or revoke the appointment, or each appointment, by virtue of which the person is a nominee.

             (4)  While an appointment is suspended, the appointment has no effect for the purposes of this Part.

             (5)  The Secretary may, at any time, cancel the suspension of an appointment under subsection (2) or (3).

             (6)  The suspension or revocation of an appointment, and the cancellation of such a suspension, must be in writing.

             (7)  The revocation of an appointment has effect on and from such day, being later than the day of the revocation, as is specified in the revocation.

             (8)  Subsections (2) and (3) do not apply to a person who is a payment nominee by virtue of paragraph (b) of the definition of payment nominee in section 123A.

             (9)  The Secretary must cause a copy of:

                     (a)  a suspension of an appointment; or

                     (b)  a revocation of an appointment; or

                     (c)  a cancellation of a suspension of an appointment;

to be given to:

                     (d)  the nominee; and

                     (e)  the principal.

Division 3Payments to payment nominee

123F  Payment of instalments etc. to payment nominee

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person has a payment nominee; and

                     (b)  the whole or a part of a relevant payment is payable to the person, or would, but for subsection 45(1), be so payable; and

                     (c)  the Secretary has given a direction in relation to the relevant payment under section 123B;

the relevant payment is to be paid in accordance with the direction.

             (2)  An amount paid to the payment nominee of a person:

                     (a)  is paid to the payment nominee on behalf of the person; and

                     (b)  is taken, for the purposes of the social security law (other than this Part), to have been paid to the person and to have been so paid when it was paid to the nominee.

             (3)  An amount that is to be paid to the payment nominee of a person must be paid to the credit of a bank account nominated and maintained by the nominee.

             (4)  The Secretary may direct that the whole or a part of an amount that is to be paid to a payment nominee be paid to the payment nominee in a different way from that provided for by subsection (3). If the Secretary gives such a direction, an amount to which the direction relates is to be paid in accordance with the direction.

             (5)  Subsections (3) and (4) do not apply in the case of a person who is a payment nominee by virtue of paragraph (b) of the definition of payment nominee in section 123A.

Division 4Functions and responsibilities of nominees

123G  Definition

                   In this Division:

benefit recipient means a person who:

                     (a)  has made a claim for, or is receiving, a social security payment; or

                     (b)  has made a claim for, or is the holder of, a concession card.

123H  Actions of correspondence nominee on behalf of benefit recipient

             (1)  Subject to section 123S and subsection (4), any act that may be done by a benefit recipient under, or for the purposes of, the social security law (other than an act for the purposes of Division 2 or 3) may be done by the benefit recipient’s correspondence nominee.

             (2)  Without limiting subsection (1), an application or claim that may be made under the social security law by a benefit recipient may be made by the benefit recipient’s correspondence nominee on behalf of the benefit recipient, and an application or claim so made is taken to be made by the benefit recipient.

             (3)  An act done by a benefit recipient’s correspondence nominee under this section has effect, for the purposes of the social security law (other than this Part), as if it had been done by the benefit recipient.

             (4)  If, under a provision of the social security law, the Secretary:

                     (a)  gives to a benefit recipient who has a correspondence nominee a notice making a requirement of the benefit recipient; or

                     (b)  notifies a benefit recipient who has a correspondence nominee that the benefit recipient is required to do an act;

subsection (1) does not authorise the correspondence nominee to do an act that is required by the notice or the notification, as the case may be, to be done by the benefit recipient.

123I  Giving of notices to correspondence nominee

             (1)  Any notice that the Secretary is authorised or required by the social security law to give to a benefit recipient may be given by the Secretary to the benefit recipient’s correspondence nominee.

             (2)  The notice:

                     (a)  must, in every respect, be in the same form, and in the same terms, as if it were being given to the benefit recipient; and

                     (b)  may be given to the correspondence nominee personally or by post or in any other manner approved by the Secretary.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  under subsection (1), the Secretary gives a notice (the nominee notice) to a benefit recipient’s correspondence nominee; and

                     (b)  the Secretary afterwards gives the benefit recipient a notice that:

                              (i)  is expressed to be given under the same provision of the social security law as the nominee notice; and

                             (ii)  makes the same requirement of the benefit recipient as the nominee notice;

section 123J ceases to have effect in relation to the nominee notice.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  under subsection (1), the Secretary gives a notice (the nominee notice) to a benefit recipient’s correspondence nominee; and

                     (b)  the Secretary has already given to the benefit recipient a notice that:

                              (i)  is expressed to be given under the same provision of the social security law as the nominee notice; and

                             (ii)  makes the same requirement of the benefit recipient as the nominee notice;

section 123J does not have effect in relation to the nominee notice.

123J  Compliance by correspondence nominee

             (1)  If, under section 123I, a notice is given to a benefit recipient’s correspondence nominee, the following paragraphs have effect:

                     (a)  for the purposes of the social security law, other than this Part, the notice is taken:

                              (i)  to have been given to the benefit recipient; and

                             (ii)  to have been so given on the day on which the notice was given to the correspondence nominee;

                     (b)  any requirement that the notice makes of the benefit recipient may be satisfied by the correspondence nominee;

                     (c)  any act done by the correspondence nominee for the purpose of satisfying a requirement of the notice has effect, for the purposes of the social security law (other than Part 6 of this Act), as if it had been done by the benefit recipient;

                     (d)  if the correspondence nominee fails to satisfy a requirement of the notice, the benefit recipient is taken, for the purposes of the social security law, to have failed to comply with the requirement;

                     (e)  for the purposes of determining whether anything done by the correspondence nominee constitutes compliance with the notice, the social security law has effect as if a reference in the notice to the benefit recipient becoming aware that a specified event or change of circumstances is likely to occur were a reference to the correspondence nominee becoming so aware.

             (2)  In order to avoid doubt, and without limiting subsection (1), it is declared as follows:

                     (a)  if the notice requires the benefit recipient to inform the Department of a matter within a specified period and the correspondence nominee informs the Department of the matter within that period in accordance with the notice, the benefit recipient is taken, for the purposes of the social security law, to have complied with the requirement set out in the notice;

                     (b)  if the notice requires the benefit recipient to give a statement about a matter, or produce a document, to the Department within a specified period and the correspondence nominee gives a statement about that matter, or produces the document, as the case may be, to the Department within that period in accordance with the notice, the benefit recipient is taken, for the purposes of the social security law, to have complied with the requirement set out in the notice;

                     (c)  if the notice requires the benefit recipient to inform the Department of a matter within a specified period and the correspondence nominee does not inform the Department of the matter within that period in accordance with the notice, the benefit recipient is taken, for the purposes of the social security law, to have failed to comply with the requirement set out in the notice;

                     (d)  if the notice requires the benefit recipient to give a statement about a matter, or produce a document, to the Department within a specified period and the correspondence nominee does not give a statement about that matter, or produce the document, as the case may be, to the Department within that period in accordance with the notice, the benefit recipient is taken, for the purposes of the social security law, to have failed to comply with the requirement set out in the notice.

123K  Notification by nominee of matters affecting ability to act as nominee

             (1)  The Secretary may give a nominee of a benefit recipient a notice that requires the nominee to inform the Department if:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  an event or change of circumstances occurs; or

                             (ii)  the nominee becomes aware that an event or change of circumstances is likely to occur; and

                     (b)  the event or change of circumstances is likely to affect:

                              (i)  the ability of the nominee to act as the payment nominee or correspondence nominee of the benefit recipient, as the case may be; or

                             (ii)  the ability of the Secretary to give notices to the nominee under this Act; or

                            (iii)  the ability of the nominee to comply with notices given to the nominee by the Secretary under this Act.

             (2)  Subject to subsection (3), a notice under subsection (1):

                     (a)  must be in writing; and

                     (b)  may be given personally or by post or by any other means approved by the Secretary; and

                     (c)  must specify how the nominee is to give the information to the Department; and

                     (d)  must specify the period within which the nominee is to give the information to the Department.

             (3)  A notice under subsection (1) is not ineffective merely because it fails to comply with paragraph (2)(c).

             (4)  Subject to subsection (5), the period specified under paragraph (2)(d) must not end earlier than 14 days after:

                     (a)  the day on which the event or change of circumstances occurs; or

                     (b)  the day on which the nominee becomes aware that the event or change of circumstances is likely to occur.

             (5)  If a notice requires the nominee to inform the Department of any proposal by the nominee to leave Australia, subsection (4) does not apply to that requirement.

             (6)  This section extends to:

                     (a)  acts, omissions, matters and things outside Australia, whether or not in a foreign country; and

                     (b)  all persons, irrespective of their nationality or citizenship.

123L  Statement by payment nominee regarding disposal of money

             (1)  The Secretary may give the payment nominee of a benefit recipient a notice that requires the nominee to give the Department a statement giving particulars of the disposal by the nominee of money paid under the social security law to the nominee on behalf of the benefit recipient.

             (2)  Subject to subsection (3), a notice under subsection (1):

                     (a)  must be in writing; and

                     (b)  may be given personally or by post or by any other means approved by the Secretary; and

                     (c)  must specify how the nominee is to give the statement to the Department; and

                     (d)  must specify the period within which the nominee is to give the statement to the Department.

             (3)  A notice under subsection (1) is not ineffective merely because it fails to comply with paragraph (2)(c).

             (4)  The period specified under paragraph (2)(d) must not end earlier than 14 days after the day on which the notice is given.

             (5)  A statement given in response to a notice under subsection (1) must be in writing and in accordance with a form approved by the Secretary.

             (6)  A nominee must not refuse or fail to comply with a notice under subsection (1).

Penalty:  60 penalty units.

             (7)  Subsection (6) applies only to the extent to which the person is capable of complying with the notice.

             (8)  Subsection (6) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

             (9)  An offence against subsection (6) is an offence of strict liability.

           (10)  This section extends to:

                     (a)  acts, omissions, matters and things outside Australia, whether or not in a foreign country; and

                     (b)  all persons, irrespective of their nationality or citizenship.

Division 5Other matters

123M  Protection of principal against liability for actions of nominee

                   Nothing in this Part has the effect of rendering a person guilty of an offence against this Act in respect of any act or omission of the person’s correspondence nominee.

123N  Protection of nominee against criminal liability

             (1)  A nominee is not subject to any criminal liability under the social security law in respect of:

                     (a)  any act or omission of the principal; or

                     (b)  anything done, in good faith, by the nominee in his or her capacity as nominee.

             (2)  This section has effect subject to section 123L.

123O  Duty of nominee to principal

             (1)  It is the duty of a person who is the payment or correspondence nominee of another person at all times to act in the best interests of the principal.

             (2)  A nominee does not commit a breach of the duty imposed by subsection (1) by doing an act if, when the act is done, there are reasonable grounds for believing that it is in the best interests of the principal that the act be done.

             (3)  A nominee does not commit a breach of the duty imposed by subsection (1) by refraining from doing an act if, at the relevant time, there are reasonable grounds for believing that it is in the best interests of the principal that the act be not done.

123P  Saving of Secretary’s powers of revocation

                   Nothing in this Part is to be taken to be an expression of a contrary intention for the purposes of subsection 33(3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

123Q  Saving of Secretary’s powers to give notices to principal

                   Nothing in this Part is intended in any way to limit or affect the Secretary’s powers under other provisions of the social security law to give notices to, or make requirements of, a person who has a nominee.

123R  Notification of nominee where notice given to principal

                   If, under a provision of the social security law (other than a provision of this Part), the Secretary gives a notice to a person who has a correspondence nominee, the Secretary may inform the correspondence nominee of the giving of the notice and of the terms of the notice.

123S  Right of nominee to attend with principal

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  under a provision of the social security law (other than a provision of this Part), the Secretary gives a notice to a person who has a correspondence nominee; and

                     (b)  the notice requires the person:

                              (i)  to attend the Department; or

                             (ii)  to attend a particular place; and

                     (c)  the Secretary informs the person’s correspondence nominee of the giving of the notice;

the correspondence nominee may attend the Department or place, as the case may be, with the person if the person so wishes.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  under a provision of the social security law (other than a provision of this Part), the Secretary gives a notice to a person who has a correspondence nominee; and

                     (b)  the notice requires the person to undergo a medical, psychiatric or psychological examination;

the correspondence nominee may accompany the person while the examination is being conducted:

                     (c)  if the person so wishes; and

                     (d)  to the extent to which the person conducting the examination consents.

             (3)  If a person’s correspondence nominee is a body corporate, the last reference in subsection (1) or (2) to the correspondence nominee is to be read as a reference to an officer or employee of the correspondence nominee.

Part 3BIncome management regime

Division 1Introduction

123TA  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      This Part sets up an income management regime for recipients of certain welfare payments.

•      A person may become subject to the income management regime because:

               (a)     a child protection officer of a State or Territory requires the person to be subject to the income management regime; or

              (b)     the Secretary has determined that the person is a vulnerable welfare payment recipient; or

               (c)     the person meets the criteria relating to disengaged youth; or

              (d)     the person meets the criteria relating to long‑term welfare payment recipients; or

               (e)     the person, or the person’s partner, has a child who does not meet school enrolment requirements; or

               (f)     the person, or the person’s partner, has a child who has unsatisfactory school attendance; or

               (g)     the Queensland Commission requires the person to be subject to the income management regime; or

             (ga)     an officer or employee of a recognised State/Territory authority requires the person to be subject to the income management regime; or

              (h)     the person voluntarily agrees to be subject to the income management regime.

•      A person who is subject to the income management regime will have an income management account.

•      Amounts will be deducted from the person’s welfare payments and credited to the person’s income management account.

•      Amounts will be debited from the person’s income management account for the purposes of enabling the Secretary to take action directed towards meeting the priority needs of:

               (a)     the person; and

              (b)     the person’s children (if any); and

               (c)     the person’s partner (if any); and

              (d)     any other dependants of the person.

123TB  Objects

                   The objects of this Part are as follows:

                     (a)  to reduce immediate hardship and deprivation by ensuring that the whole or part of certain welfare payments is directed to meeting the priority needs of:

                              (i)  the recipient of the welfare payment; and

                             (ii)  the recipient’s children (if any); and

                            (iii)  the recipient’s partner (if any); and

                            (iv)  any other dependants of the recipient;

                     (b)  to ensure that recipients of certain welfare payments are given support in budgeting to meet priority needs;

                     (c)  to reduce the amount of certain welfare payments available to be spent on alcoholic beverages, gambling, tobacco products and pornographic material;

                     (d)  to reduce the likelihood that recipients of welfare payments will be subject to harassment and abuse in relation to their welfare payments;

                     (e)  to encourage socially responsible behaviour, including in relation to the care and education of children;

                      (f)  to improve the level of protection afforded to welfare recipients and their families.

123TC  Definitions

                   In this Part:

account statement, in relation to an income management account, means a statement that sets out:

                     (a)  the amounts credited to the income management account during a particular period; and

                     (b)  the amounts debited from the income management account during that period; and

                     (c)  the balance of the income management account as at the end of that period.

acquire has the same meaning as in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

applicable school period has the meaning given by section 123UI.

category E welfare payment means:

                     (a)  youth allowance; or

                     (b)  newstart allowance; or

                     (c)  special benefit; or

                     (d)  pension PP (single); or

                     (e)  benefit PP (partnered).

category H welfare payment means:

                     (a)  a social security benefit; or

                     (b)  a social security pension; or

                     (c)  a payment under the scheme known as the ABSTUDY scheme that includes an amount identified as living allowance; or

                     (d)  a service pension; or

                     (e)  income support supplement; or

                      (f)  Defence Force Income Support Allowance.

category I welfare payment means:

                     (a)  a category H welfare payment; or

                     (b)  double orphan pension; or

                     (c)  family tax benefit under the Family Assistance Act; or

                     (d)  family tax benefit advance under the Family Assistance Administration Act; or

                     (e)  stillborn baby payment under the Family Assistance Act; or

                     (g)  carer allowance; or

                    (ga)  child disability assistance; or

                   (gb)  carer supplement; or

                     (h)  mobility allowance; or

                      (i)  pensioner education supplement; or

                      (j)  telephone allowance under Part 2.25 of the 1991 Act; or

                     (k)  veterans supplement under section 118B of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act; or

                      (l)  utilities allowance under Part 2.25A of the 1991 Act; or

                     (n)  a distance education payment under the scheme known as the Assistance for Isolated Children Scheme, where the payment relates to a child or children at a Homelands Learning Centre; or

                     (o)  a payment under the scheme known as the ABSTUDY scheme that includes an amount identified as pensioner education supplement; or

                     (p)  a social security bereavement payment; or

                     (q)  a veterans’ entitlement bereavement payment; or

                      (r)  a Northern Territory CDEP transition payment; or

                      (s)  an advance payment under Part 2.22 of the 1991 Act; or

                      (t)  an advance pharmaceutical allowance under Part 2.23 of the 1991 Act; or

                     (u)  a mobility allowance advance under section 1045 of the 1991 Act; or

                     (v)  an advance payment under Part IVA of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act.

category P welfare payment means:

                     (a)  a social security benefit; or

                     (b)  a social security pension; or

                     (c)  a payment under the scheme known as the ABSTUDY scheme that includes an amount identified as living allowance.

category Q welfare payment means:

                     (a)  a category P welfare payment; or

                     (b)  carer allowance; or

                   (ba)  child disability assistance; or

                   (bb)  carer supplement; or

                     (c)  mobility allowance; or

                     (d)  pensioner education supplement; or

                     (e)  telephone allowance under Part 2.25 of the 1991 Act; or

                      (f)  utilities allowance under Part 2.25A of the 1991 Act; or

                     (g)  a distance education payment under the scheme known as the Assistance for Isolated Children Scheme, where the payment relates to a child or children at a Homelands Learning Centre; or

                     (h)  a social security bereavement payment (other than a social security bereavement payment in relation to an age pension or a carer payment); or

                      (i)  a payment under the scheme known as the ABSTUDY scheme that includes an amount identified as pensioner education supplement; or

                      (j)  an advance payment under Part 2.22 of the 1991 Act (other than an advance payment of an age pension or a carer payment); or

                     (k)  an advance pharmaceutical allowance under Part 2.23 of the 1991 Act; or

                      (l)  a mobility allowance advance under section 1045 of the 1991 Act; or

                    (m)  double orphan pension; or

                     (n)  family tax benefit under the Family Assistance Act; or

                     (o)  family tax benefit advance under the Family Assistance Administration Act; or

                     (p)  stillborn baby payment under the Family Assistance Act.

category R welfare payment means:

                     (c)  a service pension; or

                     (d)  income support supplement; or

                     (e)  Defence Force Income Support Allowance.

category S welfare payment means:

                     (a)  family tax benefit under the Family Assistance Act; or

                     (b)  family tax benefit advance under the Family Assistance Administration Act; or

                     (c)  stillborn baby payment under the Family Assistance Act; or

                     (e)  double orphan pension; or

                      (f)  carer allowance; or

                    (fa)  child disability assistance; or

                    (fb)  carer supplement; or

                     (g)  a distance education payment under the scheme known as the Assistance for Isolated Children Scheme, where the payment relates to a child or children at a Homelands Learning Centre.

child of a person means:

                     (a)  a child for whom the person is the principal carer; or

                     (b)  an FTB child of the person; or

                     (c)  on or after 1 July 2008—a regular care child of the person.

This definition does not apply to:

                     (d)  the definition of child protection officer in this section; or

                     (e)  Division 2; or

                      (f)  subsection 123ZE(2); or

                     (g)  section 123ZEB.

child protection officer means an officer or employee of a State or Territory who has functions, powers or duties in relation to the care, protection or welfare of children.

clean energy income‑managed payment means:

                     (a)  a clean energy advance under the 1991 Act; or

                     (b)  a clean energy advance under the Veterans’ Entitlements Act for service pension; or

                     (c)  a clean energy advance under the Family Assistance Act; or

                     (d)  quarterly energy supplement under the 1991 Act; or

                     (e)  quarterly energy supplement under the Veterans’ Entitlements Act for service pension.

declared child protection State or Territory has the meaning given by section 123TF.

declared primary school area has the meaning given by subsection 123TG(1).

declared secondary school area has the meaning given by subsection 123TG(3).

declared voluntary income management area has the meaning given by section 123TGA.

economic security strategy payment means:

                     (a)  an economic security strategy payment under Part 2.17 of the 1991 Act; or

                     (b)  an economic security strategy payment under Part VIIG of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act; or

                     (c)  an economic security strategy payment to families under Part 6 of the Family Assistance Act; or

                     (d)  a payment under the scheme determined under Schedule 4 to the Social Security and Other Legislation Amendment (Economic Security Strategy) Act 2008.

eligible care child has the meaning given by section 123UH.

eligible care period has the meaning given by section 123UJ.

eligible recipient has the meaning given by section 123TK.

ETR income‑managed payment means:

                     (a)  ETR payment under the Family Assistance Act; or

                     (b)  ETR payment under the Veterans’ Entitlements Act.

excluded goods has the meaning given by subsection 123TI(1).

excluded Part 3B payment nominee means:

                     (a)  the Public Trustee (however described) of a State or Territory; or

                     (b)  a Part 3B payment nominee who is not subject to the income management regime.

excluded service has the meaning given by subsection 123TI(2).

exempt welfare payment recipient has the meaning given by section 123UGB, 123UGC or 123UGD.

family law order means:

                     (a)  a parenting order within the meaning of section 64B of the Family Law Act 1975; or

                     (b)  a family violence order within the meaning of section 4 of that Act; or

                     (c)  a State child order registered under section 70D of that Act; or

                     (d)  an overseas child order registered under section 70G of that Act.

full‑time student has the meaning given by section 123UGF.

household stimulus payment means:

                     (a)  a training and learning bonus under Part 2.18 of the 1991 Act; or

                     (c)  an education entry payment supplement under Division 14 of Part 2.13A of the 1991 Act; or

                     (d)  a back to school bonus or single income family bonus under Part 7 of the Family Assistance Act; or

                     (e)  a payment under the scheme determined under Schedule 4 to the Household Stimulus Package Act (No. 2) 2009.

income management account means a notional account kept in accordance with section 123WA.

Income Management Record means the Income Management Record established by section 123VA.

income tax law has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

net amount of an instalment or payment means:

                     (a)  if a deduction is made from, or an amount is set off against, the instalment or payment under:

                              (i)  section 61 or 238 of this Act; or

                             (ii)  section 1231 of the 1991 Act; or

                            (iii)  section 84, 84A, 92, 92A, 225, 226 or 227 of the Family Assistance Administration Act; or

                            (iv)  section 50A, 50B, 58J, 79L, 122B, 122D, 205 or 205AA of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act;

                            so much of the instalment or payment as remains after the deduction is made or the set‑off occurs, as the case may be; or

                     (b)  in any other case—the amount of the instalment or payment.

non‑alcoholic beverage means a beverage other than an alcoholic beverage.

parenting plan has the same meaning as in the Family Law Act 1975.

Part 3B payment nominee means:

                     (a)  a person who is, by virtue of an appointment in force under section 123B of this Act or section 219TB of the Family Assistance Administration Act, the payment nominee of another person; or

                     (b)  a person to whom payment of another person’s service pension is made by virtue of an approval in force under section 58D of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act; or

                     (c)  a person to whom payment of another person’s service pension is made by virtue of an appointment in force under section 202 of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act; or

                     (d)  a person to whom another person’s instalments of youth allowance are to be paid in accordance with subsection 45(1) of this Act.

pornographic material has the meaning given by section 123TJ.

priority needs has the meaning given by section 123TH.

quarter means a period of 3 months beginning on 1 January, 1 April, 1 July or 1 October.

Queensland Commission means a body or agency that:

                     (a)  is established by a law of Queensland; and

                     (b)  is specified in a legislative instrument made by the Minister for the purposes of this paragraph.

recognised State or Territory has the meaning given by section 123TGAB.

recognised State/Territory authority has the meaning given by section 123TGAA.

registered parenting plan has the same meaning as in the Family Law Act 1975.

school age child has the meaning given by section 123UGG.

stored value card includes a portable device that is:

                     (a)  capable of storing monetary value in a form other than physical currency; and

                     (b)  of a kind specified in a legislative instrument made by the Minister for the purposes of this paragraph.

subject to the income management regime has the meaning given by section 123UC, 123UCA, 123UCB, 123UCC, 123UD, 123UE, 123UF, 123UFAA or 123UFA.

supply has the same meaning as in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

tobacco product has the same meaning as in the Tobacco Advertising Prohibition Act 1992.

unsatisfactory school attendance situation has the meaning given by section 123UK.

veterans’ entitlement bereavement payment means:

                     (a)  a bereavement payment within the meaning of subsection 53K(3) of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act; or

                     (b)  a bereavement payment paid under subsection 53L(4) of that Act; or

                     (c)  an amount paid under subsection 53Q(1) of that Act; or

                     (d)  a bereavement payment within the meaning of subsection 53T(1) of that Act.

voluntary income management agreement means an agreement under section 123UM.

vulnerable welfare payment recipient has the meaning given by section 123UGA.

123TF  Declared child protection State or Territory

                   The Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine that a specified State or Territory is a declared child protection State or Territory for the purposes of this Part.

123TG  Declared primary school area and declared secondary school area

Declared primary school area

             (1)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine that:

                     (a)  a specified State; or

                     (b)  a specified Territory; or

                     (c)  a specified area;

is a declared primary school area for the purposes of this Part.

             (2)  This Part does not prevent an area specified under paragraph (1)(c) from being described as the area within the boundary of premises occupied by a particular primary school.

Declared secondary school area

             (3)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine that:

                     (a)  a specified State; or

                     (b)  a specified Territory; or

                     (c)  a specified area;

is a declared secondary school area for the purposes of this Part.

             (4)  This Part does not prevent an area specified under paragraph (3)(c) from being described as the area within the boundary of premises occupied by a particular secondary school.

123TGAA  Recognised State/Territory authority

             (1)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine that:

                     (a)  a specified department, or a specified part of a department, of a State or Territory; or

                     (b)  a specified body of a State or Territory; or

                     (c)  a specified agency of a State or Territory;

is a recognised State/Territory authority for the purposes of this Part.

Functions, powers or duties of officers or employees

             (2)  Before making a determination under subsection (1), the Minister must be satisfied that officers or employees of the department or part of the department, or of the body or agency, have functions, powers or duties in relation to the care, protection, welfare or safety of adults, children or families.

Appropriate review process

             (3)  Before making a determination under subsection (1), the Minister must be satisfied that there is an appropriate process for reviewing any decisions to give notices of the kind referred to in paragraph 123UFAA(1)(b) that could be made by officers or employees of the department or part of the department or of the body or agency if the Minister were to make the determination.

             (4)  In deciding whether the Minister is satisfied as mentioned in subsection (3), the Minister must have regard to the following:

                     (a)  the cost of the review process to applicants;

                     (b)  the timeliness of the review process;

                     (c)  whether the review process provides that applicants are entitled to be represented and heard;

                     (d)  the degree of independence of the review process;

                     (e)  whether the review process provides for the use of the services of an interpreter.

This subsection does not limit the matters to which the Minister may have regard to in deciding whether the Minister is satisfied as mentioned in subsection (3).

123TGAB  Recognised State or Territory

                   The Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine that a specified State or Territory is a recognised State or Territory for the purposes of this Part.

123TGA  Declared voluntary income management area

                   The Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine that:

                     (a)  a specified State; or

                     (b)  a specified Territory; or

                     (c)  a specified area;

is a declared voluntary income management area for the purposes of this Part.

123TH  Priority needs

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, a person’s priority needs are as follows:

                     (a)  food;

                     (b)  non‑alcoholic beverages;

                     (c)  clothing;

                     (d)  footwear;

                     (e)  basic personal hygiene items;

                      (f)  basic household items;

                     (g)  housing, including:

                              (i)  rent; and

                             (ii)  home loan repayments; and

                            (iii)  repairs; and

                            (iv)  maintenance;

                     (h)  household utilities, including:

                              (i)  electricity; and

                             (ii)  gas; and

                            (iii)  water; and

                            (iv)  sewerage; and

                             (v)  garbage collection; and

                            (vi)  fixed‑line telephone;

                      (i)  rates and land tax;

                      (j)  health, including:

                              (i)  medical, nursing, dental or other health services; and

                             (ii)  pharmacy items; and

                            (iii)  the supply, alteration or repair of artificial teeth; and

                            (iv)  the supply, alteration or repair of an artificial limb (or part of a limb), artificial eye or hearing aid; and

                             (v)  the supply, alteration or repair of a medical or surgical appliance; and

                            (vi)  the testing of eyes; and

                           (vii)  the prescribing of spectacles or contact lenses; and

                          (viii)  the supply of spectacles or contact lenses; and

                            (ix)  the management of a disability;

                     (k)  child care and development;

                      (l)  education and training;

                    (m)  items required for the purposes of the person’s employment, including:

                              (i)  a uniform or other occupational clothing; and

                             (ii)  protective footwear; and

                            (iii)  tools of trade;

                     (n)  funerals;

                     (o)  public transport services, where the services are used wholly or partly for purposes in connection with any of the above needs;

                     (p)  the acquisition, repair, maintenance or operation of:

                              (i)  a motor vehicle; or

                             (ii)  a motor cycle; or

                            (iii)  a bicycle;

                            that is used wholly or partly for purposes in connection with any of the above needs;

                     (q)  any thing specified in a legislative instrument made by the Minister for the purposes of this paragraph.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Part, excluded goods or excluded services are not priority needs.

123TI  Excluded goods and excluded services

Excluded goods

             (1)  Each of the following goods are excluded goods for the purposes of this Part:

                     (a)  alcoholic beverages;

                     (b)  tobacco products;

                     (c)  pornographic material;

                     (d)  goods specified in a legislative instrument made by the Minister for the purposes of this paragraph.

Excluded services

             (2)  Each of the following services is an excluded service for the purposes of this Part:

                     (a)  gambling;

                     (b)  a service specified in a legislative instrument made by the Minister for the purposes of this paragraph.

123TJ  Pornographic material

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, pornographic material is:

                     (a)  a publication, film or computer game classified RC; or

                     (b)  an unclassified publication, film or computer game that contains material that would be likely to cause it to be classified RC; or

                     (c)  a publication classified Category 1 restricted or Category 2 restricted; or

                     (d)  an unclassified publication that contains material that would be likely to cause it to be classified Category 1 restricted or Category 2 restricted; or

                     (e)  a film classified X 18+; or

                      (f)  an unclassified film that contains material that would be likely to cause it to be classified X 18+.

             (2)  An expression used in subsection (1) and in the Classification (Publications, Films and Computer Games) Act 1995 has the same meaning in subsection (1) as it has in that Act.

123TK  Eligible recipient

                   For the purposes of this Part, if a claim by a person for a particular payment is granted, the person is an eligible recipient of the payment during the period:

                     (a)  beginning on:

                              (i)  if the payment is in relation to a service pension, income support supplement or Defence Force Income Support Allowance—the provisional commencement day (within the meaning of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act) for the payment; or

                             (ii)  in any other case—the start day for the payment; and

                     (b)  ending when the payment is cancelled.

Division 2Persons subject to the income management regime

Subdivision ASituations in which a person is subject to the income management regime

123UA  Persons subject to the income management regime

                   This Subdivision sets out the various situations in which a person is subject to the income management regime.

123UC  Persons subject to the income management regime—child protection

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, a person is subject to the income management regime at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at the test time, the person, or the person’s partner, is an eligible recipient of a category H welfare payment; and

                     (b)  before the test time, a child protection officer of a State or Territory gave the Secretary a written notice requiring that the person be subject to the income management regime under this section; and

                     (c)  the notice was given:

                              (i)  under a law (whether written or unwritten) in force in a State or Territory (other than a law of the Commonwealth); or

                             (ii)  in the exercise of the executive power of a State or Territory; and

                     (d)  at the test time, the notice had not been withdrawn or revoked; and

                     (e)  at the test time, the State or Territory is a declared child protection State or Territory; and

                      (f)  if, at the test time, the person has a Part 3B payment nominee—the Part 3B payment nominee is not an excluded Part 3B payment nominee; and

             (g)  at the test time, the person is not subject to the income management regime under section 123UF; and

                     (h)  at the test time, the person is not:

                              (i)  a trial participant (within the meaning of Part 3D) for the purposes of cashless welfare arrangements; or

                             (ii)  a voluntary participant (within the meaning of that Part) for the purposes of cashless welfare arrangements.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Part, a person is subject to the income management regime at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at the test time, the person is not subject to the income management regime under any other provision of this Subdivision; and

                     (b)  at the test time, the person has a Part 3B payment nominee; and

                     (c)  at the test time, the Part 3B payment nominee is subject to the income management regime under subsection (1).

123UCA  Persons subject to the income management regime—vulnerable welfare payment recipients

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, a person is subject to the income management regime at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at the test time, the person is an eligible recipient of a category H welfare payment; and

                     (b)  at the test time, the person’s usual place of residence is within a State, a Territory or an area specified in an instrument under subsection (3); and

                     (c)  at the test time, the person is a vulnerable welfare payment recipient; and

                     (d)  if, at the test time, the person has a Part 3B payment nominee—the Part 3B payment nominee is not an excluded Part 3B payment nominee; and

                     (e)  at the test time, the person is not subject to the income management regime under section 123UC, 123UD, 123UE, 123UF or 123UFAA.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person is subject to the income management regime under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  paragraph (1)(b) ceases to apply in relation to the person; and

                     (c)  at the time of that cessation, paragraphs (1)(a), (c), (d) and (e) apply in relation to the person;

then the person remains subject to the income management regime under subsection (1) until paragraph (1)(a), (c), (d) or (e) ceases to apply in relation to the person.

             (3)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify a State, a Territory or an area for the purposes of this section.

123UCB  Persons subject to the income management regime—disengaged youth

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, a person is subject to the income management regime at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at the test time, the person is an eligible recipient of a category E welfare payment; and

                     (b)  at the test time, the person is at least 15 years of age and under 25 years of age; and

                     (c)  at the test time, the person’s usual place of residence is within a State, a Territory or an area specified in an instrument under subsection (4); and

                     (d)  at the test time, the person is not an exempt welfare payment recipient; and

                     (e)  if, at the test time, the person has a Part 3B payment nominee—the Part 3B payment nominee is not an excluded Part 3B payment nominee; and

                      (f)  at the test time, the person is not subject to the income management regime under section 123UC, 123UCA, 123UD, 123UE, 123UF or 123UFAA; and

                     (g)  the person was an eligible recipient of a category E welfare payment for at least 13 weeks during the 26‑week period ending immediately before the test time.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Part, a person is subject to the income management regime at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at the test time, the person is not subject to the income management regime under any other provision of this Subdivision; and

                     (b)  at the test time, the person has a Part 3B payment nominee; and

                     (c)  at the test time, the Part 3B payment nominee is subject to the income management regime under subsection (1).

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a person is subject to the income management regime under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  paragraph (1)(c) ceases to apply in relation to the person; and

                     (c)  at the time of that cessation, paragraphs (1)(a), (b), (d), (e), and (f) apply in relation to the person;

then the person remains subject to the income management regime under subsection (1) until the earlier of the following:

                     (d)  the time paragraph (1)(a), (b), (d), (e), or (f) ceases to apply in relation to the person;

                     (e)  the end of the period of 13 weeks beginning on the day that paragraph (1)(c) ceased to apply in relation to the person.

             (4)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify a State, a Territory or an area for the purposes of this section.

123UCC  Persons subject to the income management regime—long‑term welfare payment recipients

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, a person is subject to the income management regime at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at the test time, the person is an eligible recipient of a category E welfare payment; and

                     (b)  at the test time, the person is at least 25 years of age but has not reached pension age; and

                     (c)  at the test time, the person’s usual place of residence is within a State, a Territory or an area specified in an instrument under subsection (4); and

                     (d)  at the test time, the person is not an exempt welfare payment recipient; and

                     (e)  if, at the test time, the person has a Part 3B payment nominee—the Part 3B payment nominee is not an excluded Part 3B payment nominee; and

                      (f)  at the test time, the person is not subject to the income management regime under section 123UC, 123UCA, 123UD, 123UE, 123UF or 123UFAA; and

                     (g)  the person was an eligible recipient of a category E welfare payment for at least 52 weeks during the 104‑week period ending immediately before the test time.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Part, a person is subject to the income management regime at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at the test time, the person is not subject to the income management regime under any other provision of this Subdivision; and

                     (b)  at the test time, the person has a Part 3B payment nominee; and

                     (c)  at the test time, the Part 3B payment nominee is subject to the income management regime under subsection (1).

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a person is subject to the income management regime under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  paragraph (1)(c) ceases to apply in relation to the person; and

                     (c)  at the time of that cessation, paragraphs (1)(a), (b), (d), (e), and (f) apply in relation to the person;

then the person remains subject to the income management regime under subsection (1) until the earlier of the following:

                     (d)  the time paragraph (1)(a), (b), (d), (e), or (f) ceases to apply in relation to the person;

                     (e)  the end of the period of 13 weeks beginning on the day that paragraph (1)(c) ceased to apply in relation to the person.

             (4)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify a State, a Territory or an area for the purposes of this section.

123UD  Persons subject to the income management regime—school enrolment

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, a person is subject to the income management regime at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at the test time, the person, or the person’s partner, is an eligible recipient of a category H welfare payment; and

                     (b)  at the test time, the person, or the person’s partner, has an eligible care child; and

                     (c)  under a law of a State or Territory, the eligible care child is required to be enrolled at school; and

                     (d)  the Secretary is satisfied that it is appropriate for the eligible care child to be enrolled at:

                              (i)  a primary school in a declared primary school area; or

                             (ii)  a secondary school in a declared secondary school area; and

                     (e)  at the test time, the eligible care child is not enrolled at:

                              (i)  if subparagraph (d)(i) applies—a primary school in the declared primary school area; or

                             (ii)  if subparagraph (d)(ii) applies—a secondary school in the declared secondary school area; and

                      (f)  if, at the test time, the person has a Part 3B payment nominee—the Part 3B payment nominee is not an excluded Part 3B payment nominee; and

             (g)  at the test time, the person is not subject to the income management regime under section 123UC or 123UF; and

                     (h)  at the test time, a determination under subsection (2) is not in force in relation to the person; and

                      (i)  such other conditions (if any) as are specified in a legislative instrument made by the Minister for the purposes of this paragraph are satisfied.

             (2)  The Secretary may, by writing, determine that a person is exempt from subsection (1).

             (3)  In making a determination under subsection (2), the Secretary must comply with any principles set out in a legislative instrument made by the Minister for the purposes of this subsection.

             (4)  For the purposes of this Part, a person is subject to the income management regime at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at the test time, the person is not subject to the income management regime under any other provision of this Subdivision; and

                     (b)  at the test time, the person has a Part 3B payment nominee; and

                     (c)  at the test time, the Part 3B payment nominee is subject to the income management regime under subsection (1).

Documentary evidence

             (5)  If a person, or the person’s partner, has an eligible care child, the Secretary may, by written notice given to the person, request the person to give the Secretary, within a period (the compliance period) specified in the notice, documentary evidence of the eligible care child’s enrolment at a school during a specified applicable school period.

             (6)  A notice under subsection (5) must set out the effect of subsection (9).

             (7)  The compliance period specified in a notice under subsection (5) must not be shorter than 7 days.

             (8)  The Secretary may extend the compliance period specified in a notice under subsection (5).

             (9)  If:

                     (a)  a person is given a notice under subsection (5); and

                     (b)  the person does not comply with the notice;

the Secretary may determine that subsection (1) has effect as if the eligible care child was not enrolled at any school at any time during the applicable school period specified in the notice.

           (10)  This Part does not prevent a notice from being characterised as:

                     (a)  a notice under subsection (5); and

                     (b)  a notice under another provision of a law of the Commonwealth.

123UE  Persons subject to the income management regime—school attendance

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, a person is subject to the income management regime at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at the test time, the person, or the person’s partner, is an eligible recipient of a category H welfare payment; and

                     (b)  at the test time, an unsatisfactory school attendance situation exists in relation to a child; and

                     (c)  throughout a period that ended before the unsatisfactory school attendance situation came into existence, the child was an eligible care child of:

                              (i)  the person; or

                             (ii)  the person’s partner; and

                     (d)  at the test time, the child is enrolled at a school; and

                     (e)  if the school is a primary school—at the test time, the school is in a declared primary school area; and

                      (f)  if the school is a secondary school—at the test time, the school is in a declared secondary school area; and

                     (g)  before the test time, the person, or the person’s partner, had been given a formal warning under section 123UL; and

                     (h)  the whole or a part of an applicable school period in relation to the child occurred in the period:

                              (i)  beginning when the formal warning was given; and

                             (ii)  ending at the test time; and

                      (i)  if, at the test time, the person has a Part 3B payment nominee—the Part 3B payment nominee is not an excluded Part 3B payment nominee; and

              (j)  at the test time, the person is not subject to the income management regime under section 123UC or 123UF; and

                     (k)  at the test time, a determination under subsection (2) is not in force in relation to the person; and

                      (l)  such other conditions (if any) as are specified in a legislative instrument made by the Minister for the purposes of this paragraph are satisfied.

             (2)  The Secretary may, by writing, determine that a person is exempt from subsection (1).

             (3)  In making a determination under subsection (2), the Secretary must comply with any principles set out in a legislative instrument made by the Minister for the purposes of this subsection.

             (4)  For the purposes of this Part, a person is subject to the income management regime at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at the test time, the person is not subject to the income management regime under any other provision of this Subdivision; and

                     (b)  at the test time, the person has a Part 3B payment nominee; and

                     (c)  at the test time, the Part 3B payment nominee is subject to the income management regime under subsection (1).

123UF  Persons subject to the income management regime—Queensland Commission

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, a person is subject to the income management regime at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at the test time, the person, or the person’s partner, is an eligible recipient of a category P welfare payment; and

                     (b)  before the test time, the Queensland Commission gave the Secretary a written notice requiring that the person be subject to the income management regime under this section; and

                     (c)  the notice was given under a law of Queensland; and

                     (d)  the notice was not given in such circumstances (if any) as are specified in a legislative instrument made by the Minister for the purposes of this paragraph; and

                     (e)  at the test time, the notice had not been withdrawn or revoked; and

                      (f)  if, at the test time, the person has a Part 3B payment nominee—the Part 3B payment nominee is not an excluded Part 3B payment nominee; and

                     (g)  the test time occurs before 1 July 2019.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Part, a person is subject to the income management regime at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at the test time, neither the person, nor the person’s partner, is an eligible recipient of a category P welfare payment; and

                     (b)  at the test time, the person, or the person’s partner, is an eligible recipient of a category R welfare payment; and

                     (c)  before the test time, the Queensland Commission gave the Secretary a written notice requiring that the person be subject to the income management regime under this section; and

                     (d)  the notice was given under a law of Queensland; and

                     (e)  the notice was not given in such circumstances (if any) as are specified in a legislative instrument made by the Minister for the purposes of this paragraph; and

                      (f)  at the test time, the notice had not been withdrawn or revoked; and

                     (g)  if, at the test time, the person has a Part 3B payment nominee—the Part 3B payment nominee is not an excluded Part 3B payment nominee; and

                     (h)  the test time occurs before 1 July 2019.

             (3)  For the purposes of this Part, a person is subject to the income management regime at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at the test time, the person is not subject to the income management regime under any other provision of this Subdivision; and

                     (b)  at the test time, the person has a Part 3B payment nominee; and

                     (c)  at the test time, the Part 3B payment nominee is subject to the income management regime under subsection (1) or (2).

123UFAA  Persons subject to the income management regime—other State/Territory referrals

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, a person is subject to the income management regime at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at the test time, the person, or the person’s partner, is an eligible recipient of a category H welfare payment; and

                     (b)  before the test time, an officer or employee of a recognised State/Territory authority gave the Secretary a written notice requiring that the person be subject to the income management regime under this section; and

                     (c)  the notice was given:

                              (i)  under a law (whether written or unwritten) in force in a State or Territory (other than a law of the Commonwealth); or

                             (ii)  in the exercise of the executive power of a State or Territory; and

                     (d)  at the test time, the notice had not been withdrawn or revoked; and

                     (e)  at the test time, the State or Territory is a recognised State or Territory; and

                      (f)  if, at the test time, the person has a Part 3B payment nominee—the Part 3B payment nominee is not an excluded Part 3B payment nominee; and

             (g)  at the test time, the person is not subject to the income management regime under section 123UC, 123UD, 123UE or 123UF.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Part, a person is subject to the income management regime at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at the test time, the person is not subject to the income management regime under any other provision of this Subdivision; and

                     (b)  at the test time, the person has a Part 3B payment nominee; and

                     (c)  at the test time, the Part 3B payment nominee is subject to the income management regime under subsection (1).

123UFA  Persons subject to the income management regime—voluntary income management agreement

                   For the purposes of this Part, a person is subject to the income management regime at a particular time if, at that time, a voluntary income management agreement is in force in relation to the person.

Subdivision BAAdditional provisions relating to vulnerable welfare payment recipients

123UGA  Vulnerable welfare payment recipients

Determination by Secretary

             (1)  The Secretary may, by writing, determine that a person is a vulnerable welfare payment recipient for the purposes of this Part.

             (2)  In making a determination under subsection (1), the Secretary must comply with any decision‑making principles set out in a legislative instrument made by the Minister for the purposes of this subsection.

Duration of determination

             (3)  A determination made under subsection (1):

                     (a)  comes into force:

                              (i)  on the day on which it is made; or

                             (ii)  if a later day is specified in the determination—on that later day; and

                     (b)  remains in force (unless earlier revoked):

                              (i)  for 12 months; or

                             (ii)  if a shorter period is specified in the determination—for that shorter period.

New determinations

             (4)  If a determination made under subsection (1) is, or has been, in force in relation to a person, subsection (3) does not prevent the Secretary from making a new determination under subsection (1) in relation to that person.

Variation and revocation

             (5)  The Secretary may, by writing, vary or revoke a determination made under subsection (1):

                     (a)  on his or her own initiative; or

                     (b)  on request made under subsection (8).

             (6)  In deciding whether to vary or revoke a determination made under subsection (1), the Secretary must comply with any decision‑making principles set out in an instrument made for the purposes of subsection (2).

             (7)  Subsection (5) does not limit the application of subsection 33(3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 to other instruments under this Act.

Request to reconsider circumstances

             (8)  Subject to subsection (9), if a determination made under subsection (1) is in force in relation to a person, the person may request the Secretary to:

                     (a)  reconsider the person’s circumstances; and

                     (b)  vary, or revoke, the determination.

             (9)  A person must not make a request under subsection (8) in relation to a determination if, at any time during the preceding period of 90 days, the person has made a request under that subsection in relation to the same determination.

           (10)  If a person makes a request under subsection (8), the Secretary must reconsider the person’s circumstances unless the request was made in contravention of subsection (9).

Determination not a legislative instrument

           (11)  A determination made under subsection (1) is not a legislative instrument.

Subdivision BBAdditional provisions relating to disengaged youth and long‑term welfare payment recipients

123UGB  Exempt welfare payment recipient—inclusion in specified class

             (1)  The Secretary may, by writing, determine that a person is an exempt welfare payment recipient if the Secretary is satisfied that the person is included in a class of persons specified in an instrument made by the Minister under subsection (2).

             (2)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify a class of persons to be exempt welfare payment recipients for the purposes of this section.

             (3)  A determination made by the Secretary under subsection (1) is not a legislative instrument.

123UGC  Exempt welfare payment recipient—person is not the principal carer of a child

             (1)  The Secretary may, by writing, determine that a person is an exempt welfare payment recipient at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at the test time, the person is not the principal carer of a child who is a school age child or younger; and

                     (b)  the Secretary is satisfied that one of the following applies:

                              (i)  the person is a full‑time student or a new apprentice at the test time;

                             (ii)  within at least 4 of the last 6 fortnights before the test time, the person has received less than 25% of the maximum basic rate of youth allowance, newstart allowance, pension PP (single) or benefit (PP) partnered (other than because a compliance penalty period applied to the person);

                           (iia)  within at least 4 of the last 6 fortnights before the test time, the person has received less than 25% of the equivalent rate of special benefit (other than because a compliance penalty period applied to the person);

                            (iii)  at the test time, the person is undertaking an activity specified in an instrument made by the Minister under subsection (2).

             (2)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify activities for the purpose of subparagraph (1)(b)(iii). The activities may be specified by reference to a class of persons undertaking the activities.

             (3)  A determination made by the Secretary under subsection (1) is not a legislative instrument.

123UGD  Exempt welfare payment recipient—person is the principal carer of a child

             (1)  The Secretary may, by writing, determine that a person is an exempt welfare payment recipient at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at the test time, the person is the principal carer of a child who is a school age child or younger; and

                     (b)  in relation to each child who is a school age child—the Secretary is satisfied that:

                              (i)  at the test time, the child is enrolled at a school, and, in each of the 2 school terms ending immediately before that time, the child has had no more than 5 absences for reasons that are not satisfactory to a person responsible for the operation of the school; or

                            (ia)  at the test time, the child is enrolled at a school, and, in each of the 2 school terms ending immediately before that time, the child has had more than 5 absences for reasons that are not satisfactory to a person responsible for the operation of the school but the person is taking reasonable steps to ensure that the child attends school as required by the law of the State or Territory concerned; or

                             (ii)  at the test time, the child is covered by a schooling arrangement that is acceptable under a law of a State or Territory as an alternative to a requirement under that law to enrol at, or attend, a school (for example, the child is home‑schooled), and the child’s schooling is progressing satisfactorily; or

                            (iii)  at the test time, the child is participating in an activity specified in an instrument made by the Minister under subsection (2); and

                     (c)  in relation to each other child—the Secretary is satisfied that, at the test time, the person or the child is participating in the required number and kind of activities specified in an instrument made by the Minister under subsection (3); and

                     (d)  the Secretary is satisfied that there were no indications of financial vulnerability in relation to the person during the 12‑month period ending immediately before the test time.

Note:          In deciding whether he or she is satisfied as mentioned in paragraph (1)(d), the Secretary must comply with decision‑making principles: see subsection (5).

Alternative activities for school age children

             (2)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify activities for the purpose of subparagraph (1)(b)(iii).

Activities relating to children (other than school age children)

             (3)  The Minister must, by legislative instrument, specify the number and kind of activities that a person, or the person’s child (other than a school age child), may participate in for the purposes of paragraph (1)(c).

             (4)  The activities that may be specified under subsection (3) may relate to a child’s intellectual, physical or social development.

Decision‑making principles relating to financial vulnerability

             (5)  In deciding whether he or she is satisfied as mentioned in paragraph (1)(d), the Secretary must comply with any decision‑making principles set out in a legislative instrument made by the Minister for the purposes of this subsection.

Determination not a legislative instrument

             (6)  A determination made by the Secretary under subsection (1) is not a legislative instrument.

Definitions

             (7)  In this section:

person responsible, for the operation of a school, has the same meaning as in Part 3C.

123UGF  Full‑time student

                   A person is a full‑time student for the purposes of this Part if the person:

                     (a)  is an eligible recipient of youth allowance; and

                     (b)  is undertaking full‑time study (as defined by section 541B of the 1991 Act).

123UGG  School age child

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, a child is a school age child if the child is required, under a law of a State or Territory:

                     (a)  to be enrolled at a school; or

                     (b)  to attend a school at times required under that law.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section:

attendance, at a school, includes attendance at a place, for the purpose of schooling, that is acceptable under a law of a State or Territory as an alternative to a requirement under that law to attend a school.

enrolment, at a school, includes anything, for the purposes of schooling, that is acceptable under a law of a State or Territory as an alternative to a requirement under that law to enrol at a school.

Subdivision CAdditional provisions relating to school enrolment and attendance

123UH  Eligible care child

                   For the purposes of this Part, a person (the first person) is an eligible care child of another person at a particular time if, and only if:

                     (a)  at the particular time, the first person is a child for whom the other person is the principal carer; or

                     (b)  all of the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  that time occurs during an eligible care period;

                             (ii)  under a family law order, registered parenting plan or parenting plan that is in force during the eligible care period, the first person is supposed to live or spend time with the other person;

                            (iii)  assuming the family law order, registered parenting plan or par