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Control of Naval Waters Act 1918

Authoritative Version
Act No. 28 of 1918 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Statute Update Act 2016
An Act relating to Control of Naval Waters
Administered by: Defence
Registered 14 Nov 2016
Start Date 21 Oct 2016
Table of contents.

Control of Naval Waters Act 1918

No. 28, 1918

Compilation No. 6

Compilation date:                              21 October 2016

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 61, 2016

Registered:                                         14 November 2016

 

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Control of Naval Waters Act 1918 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 21 October 2016 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Interpretation....................................................................................... 1

3............ Extension of Act to Territories............................................................ 2

3AA...... Application of the Criminal Code....................................................... 3

3A......... Declaration of vessels as exempt vessels............................................ 3

3B......... Declaration of waters as naval waters................................................. 3

3C......... Appointment of superintendents......................................................... 3

4............ Power to make regulations.................................................................. 4

5............ Construction of certain buildings etc. may be prohibited..................... 6

6............ Power of superintendent to give directions concerning vessels within naval waters etc.          6

6A......... Power of superintendent to give directions concerning aircraft, vehicles or vessels on foreshore of naval waters etc............................................................................................................. 7

7............ Power to remove vessel, wreck etc..................................................... 8

8............ Recovery of expenses of removal of vessels etc................................. 8

9............ Service of summons etc...................................................................... 9

10.......... Offences, where to be deemed to have been committed...................... 9

Endnotes                                                                                                                                    10

Endnote 1—About the endnotes                                                                            10

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key                                                                                12

Endnote 3—Legislation history                                                                             13

Endnote 4—Amendment history                                                                           14

 


An Act relating to Control of Naval Waters

1  Short title

                   This Act may be cited as the Control of Naval Waters Act 1918.

2  Interpretation

             (1)  In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:

aircraft means a machine or apparatus that can derive support in the atmosphere from the reactions of the air or from buoyancy, but does not include a hovercraft.

defence land means land used by the Commonwealth for purposes related to the defence of the Commonwealth, and includes:

                     (a)  land set apart for, or dedicated to, a public purpose, being a purpose related to the defence of the Commonwealth, by the Governor‑General under section 122 of the Lands Acquisition Act 1989; and

                     (b)  land reserved under a law of a Territory for a purpose related to the defence of the Commonwealth.

exempt vessel means:

                     (a)  a vessel belonging to, or used by, the Commonwealth,including a vessel belonging to, or used by, the Australian Navy; or

                     (b)  a vessel that is, by virtue of a Proclamation in force under section 3A, an exempt vessel.

hovercraft means a vehicle that is designed to be supported when in motion wholly or partly by air expelled from the vehicle to form a cushion of which the boundaries include the ground, water or other surface beneath the vehicle.

installation means:

                     (a)  a naval establishment, dock, dockyard, slipway, victualling yard, arsenal, wharf or mooring owned or used by the Commonwealth; or

                     (b)  any fixed structure, apparatus or equipment used by the Commonwealth for purposes related to the naval defence of the Commonwealth.

master, in relation to a vessel, means the person having the command or charge of the vessel.

nautical mile means an international nautical mile.

naval waters means waters that, by virtue of a Proclamation in force under section 3B, are naval waters for the purposes of this Act.

sea includes any waters within the ebb and flow of the tide.

seaplane includes a flying boat and any other aircraft designed to manoeuvre on water.

superintendent means a superintendent appointed under section 3C and, in relation to any naval waters, means the superintendent in whose instrument of appointment those naval waters are specified.

vessel means any kind of vessel used in navigation by water however propelled or moved and includes a hovercraft or a seaplane on or in water and any other thing capable of carrying persons or goods on, in or under water.

waters means waters of the sea.

             (2)  A reference in the succeeding provisions of this Act (other than section 3A) to a vessel, not being a reference to an exempt vessel, shall be read as not including a reference to an exempt vessel.

3  Extension of Act to Territories

                   This Act extends to the external Territories, other than the Australian Antarctic Territory.

3AA  Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code applies to all offences against this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

3A  Declaration of vessels as exempt vessels

                   The Governor‑General may, by Proclamation, declare all vessels, or a specified vessel, belonging to, or used by, the naval forces of a specified country to be exempt vessels or an exempt vessel, as the case may be, for the purposes of this Act.

3B  Declaration of waters as naval waters

             (1)  This section applies to:

                     (a)  waters that are wholly within a distance of 5 nautical miles from, or from the limits of, an installation; or

                     (b)  waters that are wholly within a distance of 2 nautical miles from the limits of defence land on which there is not an installation.

             (2)  The Governor‑General may, by Proclamation, declare that specified waters, being waters to which this section applies, are naval waters for the purposes of this Act.

3C  Appointment of superintendents

             (1)  The Governor‑General may, by instrument in writing, appoint a person to be the superintendent of such naval waters as are specified in the instrument.

             (2)  An appointment under subsection (1) may specify the person to whom the appointment relates by reference to the office or position that the person holds or the functions or duties that the person performs.

4  Power to make regulations

             (1)  The Governor‑General may make regulations, not inconsistent with this Act, prescribing all matters and things which are required or permitted to be prescribed, or which are necessary or convenient to be prescribed, for the purpose of carrying out or giving effect to the control of naval waters, and in particular for the following:

                     (a)  for regulating the mooring or anchoring of vessels within, or so as not to obstruct navigation into in or out of, naval waters;

                     (b)  for appropriating any space in naval waters as a mooring place or anchoring ground for the exclusive use of exempt vessels;

                     (c)  for prohibiting or restricting the entry, into any specified part of any naval waters, of any vessel having explosives, ammunition, tar, oil, or other combustible substance on board, and for regulating the loading and unloading of explosives and ammunition in naval waters;

                     (d)  for prohibiting or restricting the discharging of explosives and ammunition in any naval waters or part thereof;

                     (e)  for restricting the use of fire and light on board any vessel in any specified part of any naval waters;

                      (f)  for regulating the speed at which vessels may be navigated in any specified part of any naval waters;

                     (g)  for requiring the presence of at least one person at all hours of the day and night on board every vessel above a specified size moored anchored or placed in any specified part of any naval waters;

                     (h)  for prohibiting or regulating the breaming or careening and cleaning of vessels in any specified part of naval waters or on the foreshore of any specified part of any naval waters;

                      (i)  for prescribing the lights or signals to be carried or used, and the steps for avoiding collision to be taken, by exempt vessels and other vessels navigating naval waters;

                      (j)  for conferring upon prescribed persons powers of search and inspection for the purposes of this Act;

                     (k)  for conferring upon prescribed persons power to remove from, or from the foreshore of, any naval waters persons:

                              (i)  who, in those waters or on the foreshore of those waters, have contravened the regulations; or

                             (ii)  who, by entering into those waters or onto the foreshore of those waters, have contravened the regulations;

                      (l)  for prohibiting, restricting or regulating the entry of:

                              (i)  vessels or persons into any naval waters or any specified part of any naval waters;

                             (ii)  aircraft or persons into the airspace over any naval waters or any specified part of any naval waters; or

                            (iii)  aircraft, vehicles or persons onto the foreshore of any naval waters or any specified part of the foreshore of any naval waters;

                    (m)  for prohibiting, restricting or regulating the doing of any act or thing:

                              (i)  in any naval waters or any specified part of any naval waters;

                             (ii)  in the airspace over any naval waters or any specified part of any naval waters; or

                            (iii)  on the foreshore of any naval waters or any specified part of the foreshore of any naval waters;

                     (n)  generally for making provision for the proper protection of:

                              (i)  installations in, or on the foreshore of, any naval waters; and

                             (ii)  exempt vessels within any naval waters; and

                     (o)  for prescribing penalties, not exceeding $1,000 or imprisonment for 6 months, for any contravention of, or failure to comply with, the regulations.

             (2)  Without limiting the generality of the power of the Governor‑General to make regulations under this section, the regulations may:

                     (a)  prohibit the doing of an act or thing absolutely; or

                     (b)  prohibit the doing of an act or thing unless the approval of a specified person to the doing of the act or thing has been obtained.

5  Construction of certain buildings etc. may be prohibited

                   The Minister may, subject to the regulations, prohibit the construction:

                     (a)  of any jetty, wharf, building or structure in or on the foreshore of any naval waters; and

                     (b)  of any factory or store for explosives, oil or other inflammable material within five miles of the limits of a dockyard or within two miles of the limits of any naval waters.

6  Power of superintendent to give directions concerning vessels within naval waters etc.

             (1)  Where a vessel is within any naval waters, the superintendent of those naval waters may give to the master of the vessel directions as to the mooring, anchoring, placing, unmooring or removal of the vessel.

             (2)  The master of a vessel commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the master is given a direction under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  the master fails to comply with the direction.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

          (2A)  An offence under subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  there is no person on board a vessel within any naval waters to comply with directions given or proposed to be given under subsection (1) by the superintendent of those naval waters; or

                     (b)  the master of a vessel within any naval waters refuses or fails to comply with directions given under subsection (1) by the superintendent of those naval waters;

the superintendent may cause the vessel to be moored, anchored, placed, unmoored, or removed in compliance with directions given by him, and, for that purpose, may do, or cause to be done, such acts or things as he considers necessary.

6A  Power of superintendent to give directions concerning aircraft, vehicles or vessels on foreshore of naval waters etc.

             (1)  Where an aircraft, vehicle or vessel is on the foreshore of any naval waters, the superintendent of those naval waters may give to the person having the command or charge of the aircraft, vehicle or vessel directions as to the placing or removal of the aircraft, vehicle or vessel.

             (2)  The person having the command or charge of an aircraft, vehicle, or vessel shall not fail to comply with a direction given to him under subsection (1).

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  there is no person having the command or charge of an aircraft, vehicle or vessel that is on the foreshore of any naval waters to comply with directions given or proposed to be given under subsection (1) by the superintendent of those naval waters; or

                     (b)  the person having the command or charge of an aircraft, vehicle or vessel that is on the foreshore of any naval waters refuses or fails to comply with directions given under subsection (1) by the superintendent of those naval waters;

the superintendent may cause the aircraft, vehicle or vessel to be placed or removed in compliance with directions given by him, and, for that purpose, may do, or cause to be done, such acts or things as he considers necessary.

7  Power to remove vessel, wreck etc.

             (1)  The superintendent of any naval waters may cause to be removed:

                     (a)  any wreck or other thing that is an obstruction to, or to the approaches to, those naval waters;

                     (b)  any floating timber that impedes the navigation of those naval waters; or

                     (c)  any vessel wrecked, laid by, abandoned, sunk, stranded or neglected that is lying within, or on the foreshore of, those naval waters.

             (2)  Any vessel removed in pursuance of this section may be laid on some part of the strand or seashore, or in some other place, where it may without injury to any person be placed.

8  Recovery of expenses of removal of vessels etc.

             (1)  The expenses incurred by the Commonwealth by reason of the exercise by a superintendent of a power conferred on him by subsection 6(3) or 6A(3) or section 7, shall, on demand, be paid to the Commonwealth by the owner of the property in relation to which the power was exercised.

             (2)  Where the Commonwealth has incurred expenses referred in to subsection (1), the superintendent may detain the property in respect of which the expenses were incurred until payment of those expenses in accordance with that subsection.

             (3)  If, after the expiration of 3 months after the making of a demand for the payment of expenses referred to in subsection (1), payment of those expenses has not been made to the Commonwealth, the Commonwealth may cause to be sold by public auction the property in respect of which the expenses were incurred and, out of the proceeds of the sale, may, to the extent that the amount of those proceeds allows, recover those expenses and the expenses of the sale.

             (4)  For the purposes of a sale under subsection (3), the Commonwealth shall be deemed to be the absolute owner of the property the subject of the sale.

             (5)  Where, after the recovery of expenses from the proceeds of a sale under subsection (3), a surplus remains, the Commonwealth shall, on demand by the owner of the property the subject of the sale, pay that surplus to the owner.

             (6)  Where the proceeds of a sale of property under subsection (3) are not sufficient to recover the expenses incurred in respect of the property and the expenses of the sale, any deficiency is recoverable by the Commonwealth from the owner of the property in any court of competent jurisdiction as a debt due to the Commonwealth.

9  Service of summons etc.

                   Any summons or other document in any proceeding under this Act may (in addition to any other mode of service) be served by being left for the person to be served on board any vessel to which he belongs, with the person being or appearing to be in command or charge of the vessel.

10  Offences, where to be deemed to have been committed

                   For the purpose of giving jurisdiction, every offence against this Act or any regulation under it shall be deemed to have been committed, and every cause of complaint shall be deemed to have arisen, either in the place in which it actually was committed or arose, or in any place in which the offender or person alleged to have committed it happens to be.


Endnotes

Endnote 1—About the endnotes

The endnotes provide information about this compilation and the compiled law.

The following endnotes are included in every compilation:

Endnote 1—About the endnotes

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key

Endnote 3—Legislation history

Endnote 4—Amendment history

Abbreviation key—Endnote 2

The abbreviation key sets out abbreviations that may be used in the endnotes.

Legislation history and amendment history—Endnotes 3 and 4

Amending laws are annotated in the legislation history and amendment history.

The legislation history in endnote 3 provides information about each law that has amended (or will amend) the compiled law. The information includes commencement details for amending laws and details of any application, saving or transitional provisions that are not included in this compilation.

The amendment history in endnote 4 provides information about amendments at the provision (generally section or equivalent) level. It also includes information about any provision of the compiled law that has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law.

Editorial changes

The Legislation Act 2003 authorises First Parliamentary Counsel to make editorial and presentational changes to a compiled law in preparing a compilation of the law for registration. The changes must not change the effect of the law. Editorial changes take effect from the compilation registration date.

If the compilation includes editorial changes, the endnotes include a brief outline of the changes in general terms. Full details of any changes can be obtained from the Office of Parliamentary Counsel.

Misdescribed amendments

A misdescribed amendment is an amendment that does not accurately describe the amendment to be made. If, despite the misdescription, the amendment can be given effect as intended, the amendment is incorporated into the compiled law and the abbreviation “(md)” added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

If a misdescribed amendment cannot be given effect as intended, the abbreviation “(md not incorp)” is added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

 

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key

 

ad = added or inserted

o = order(s)

am = amended

Ord = Ordinance

amdt = amendment

orig = original

c = clause(s)

par = paragraph(s)/subparagraph(s)

C[x] = Compilation No. x

    /sub‑subparagraph(s)

Ch = Chapter(s)

pres = present

def = definition(s)

prev = previous

Dict = Dictionary

(prev…) = previously

disallowed = disallowed by Parliament

Pt = Part(s)

Div = Division(s)

r = regulation(s)/rule(s)

ed = editorial change

reloc = relocated

exp = expires/expired or ceases/ceased to have

renum = renumbered

    effect

rep = repealed

F = Federal Register of Legislation

rs = repealed and substituted

gaz = gazette

s = section(s)/subsection(s)

LA = Legislation Act 2003

Sch = Schedule(s)

LIA = Legislative Instruments Act 2003

Sdiv = Subdivision(s)

(md) = misdescribed amendment can be given

SLI = Select Legislative Instrument

    effect

SR = Statutory Rules

(md not incorp) = misdescribed amendment

Sub‑Ch = Sub‑Chapter(s)

    cannot be given effect

SubPt = Subpart(s)

mod = modified/modification

underlining = whole or part not

No. = Number(s)

    commenced or to be commenced

 

Endnote 3—Legislation history

 

Act

Number and year

Assent

Commencement

Application, saving and transitional provisions

Control of Naval Waters Act 1918

28, 1918

27 Nov 1918

27 Nov 1918

 

Statute Law Revision (Decimal Currency) Act 1966

93, 1966

29 Oct 1966

First Sch and Second Sch: 1 Dec 1966 (s 2(1))

Statute Law Revision Act 1973

216, 1973

19 Dec 1973

s 9(1), 10, Sch 1 and Sch 2: 31 Dec 1973 (s 2)

s 9(1) and 10

Control of Naval Waters Amendment Act 1978

8, 1978

1 Apr 1978

1 Aug 1990 (s 2 and gaz 1990, No S184)

s 9

Defence Legislation Amendment Act (No. 2) 1990

21, 1991

5 Feb 1991

s 3, 4: 5 Feb 1991 (s 2(1))

Defence Legislation Amendment (Application of Criminal Code) Act 2001

141, 2001

1 Oct 2001

s 4: 1 Oct 2001 (s 2(1))
Sch 1 (items 3, 4): 15 Dec 2001 (s 2(2)(a))

s 4

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Defence Legislation Amendment Act 2003

135, 2003

17 Dec 2003

Sch 2 (item 28): 1 Oct 2001 (s 2(1) item 9)

Statute Law Revision Act (No. 1) 2016

4, 2016

11 Feb 2016

Sch 4 (items 1, 71): 10 Mar 2016 (s 2(1) item 6)

Statute Update Act 2016

61, 2016

23 Sept 2016

Sch 1 (items 154, 155): 21 Oct 2016 (s 2(1) item 1)

 

Endnote 4—Amendment history

 

Provision affected

How affected

s 2........................................

am No 216, 1973

 

rs No 8, 1978

 

am No 21, 1991

s 3........................................

rs No 8, 1978

s 3AA..................................

ad No 141, 2001

s 3A.....................................

ad No 8, 1978

s 3B.....................................

ad No 8, 1978

s 3AC...................................

ad No 8, 1978

s 4........................................

am No 93, 1966; No 216, 1973; No 8, 1978

s 5........................................

am No 8, 1978

s 6........................................

rs No 8, 1978

 

am No 141, 2001; No 4, 2016; No 61, 2016

s 6A.....................................

ad No 8, 1978

 

am No 61, 2016

s 7........................................

am No 8, 1978

s 8........................................

rs No 8, 1978