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Trust Recoupment Tax Assessment Act 1985

Authoritative Version
Act No. 9 of 1985 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Statute Update Act 2016
An Act relating to the assessment and collection of a tax in respect of income of certain trusts
Administered by: Treasury
Registered 24 Oct 2016
Start Date 21 Oct 2016
Table of contents.

Trust Recoupment Tax Assessment Act 1985

No. 9, 1985

Compilation No. 13

Compilation date:                              21 October 2016

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 61, 2016

Registered:                                         24 October 2016

 

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Trust Recoupment Tax Assessment Act 1985 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 21 October 2016 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 1

3............ Interpretation....................................................................................... 1

4............ Application of tax legislation............................................................... 6

5............ Primary taxable amounts..................................................................... 7

6............ Secondary taxable amounts............................................................... 13

7............ Requests to eliminate trust recoupment tax on certain taxable amounts 16

8............ Liability to pay trust recoupment tax................................................. 25

9............ Reduction of liability where tax paid................................................. 25

10.......... Right of contribution and apportionment of liability.......................... 26

12.......... Penalty tax......................................................................................... 27

13.......... Arrangements etc. to avoid operation of Act..................................... 31

14.......... Regulations....................................................................................... 34

Endnotes                                                                                                                                    36

Endnote 1—About the endnotes                                                                            36

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key                                                                                38

Endnote 3—Legislation history                                                                             39

Endnote 4—Amendment history                                                                           41


An Act relating to the assessment and collection of a tax in respect of income of certain trusts

 

 

1  Short title

                   This Act may be cited as the Trust Recoupment Tax Assessment Act 1985.

2  Commencement

                   This Act shall come into operation on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

3  Interpretation

             (1)  In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:

applied penalty tax means a penalty under Part 4‑25 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 in relation to trust recoupment tax.

Assessment Act means the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 or the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

associate has the same meaning in relation to a person as that expression has in relation to a person in section 318 of the Assessment Act.

company does not include a company in the capacity of trustee of a trust estate.

company taxable amount, in relation to a person, means an amount that is a company taxable amount in relation to the person under section 7.

distribution of income means:

                     (a)  in relation to a company in relation to a particular time—a distribution of income of the company of the year of income of the company in which that time occurred among the shareholders of the company at that time, being a distribution of income by payment of a dividend; and

                     (b)  in relation to a trust estate in relation to a particular time—a distribution of income of the trust estate of the year of income of the trustee in which that time occurred among the beneficiaries of the trust estate at that time and the persons who could have become beneficiaries of the trust estate at that time by the exercise of a power of appointment by the trustee of the trust estate or by another person, being a distribution of income that is paid to, or applied for the benefit of, those persons as beneficiaries of the trust estate.

elected taxable amount, in relation to a person, means an amount that is an elected taxable amount in relation to the person under subsection 7(7).

eligible beneficiaries class, in relation to a secondary taxable amount, means the eligible beneficiaries class ascertained under section 6 in relation to that secondary taxable amount.

late payment tax means general interest charge under Part IIA of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 in relation to trust recoupment tax, applied penalty tax or penalty tax.

penalty tax means additional tax payable under section 12.

person includes a company and a person in the capacity of trustee of a trust estate.

prescribed person, in relation to a taxable amount, means:

                     (a)  a natural person other than a person in the capacity of trustee of a trust estate;

                     (b)  a person (other than a person referred to in paragraph (c)) in respect of whom a relevant exempting provision applied in relation to the year of income to which the taxable amount relates;

                     (c)  a person in the capacity of trustee of a trust estate, being a trust estate that is a provident, benefit, superannuation or retirement fund; or

                     (d)  a company that is, by virtue of the application of paragraph 103A(2)(c) or subparagraph 103A(2)(d)(i), (iii) or (iv) of the Assessment Act, a public company for the purposes of Division 7 of Part III of that Act in relation to the year of income to which the taxable amount relates.

primary taxable amount, in relation to a person, means an amount that is a primary taxable amount in relation to the person under section 5.

primary trust income, in relation to a primary taxable amount that exists in relation to the trustee of a trust estate, means the income or the part of the income of the trust estate to which the primary taxable amount is attributable.

property includes:

                     (a)  a chose in action;

                     (b)  any estate, interest, right or power, whether at law or in equity, in or over property; and

                     (c)  any right to receive income.

relevant distribution time, in relation to a taxable amount that exists in relation to a company or the trustee of a trust estate, means:

                     (a)  if the company or trust estate did not exist immediately before the tax avoidance scheme to which the taxable amount relates was entered into—the time when the company or trust estate commenced to exist; or

                     (b)  in any other case—the time immediately before the time when the tax avoidance scheme to which the taxable amount relates was entered into;

or, if the Commissioner is of the opinion that that time is inappropriate, such later time as the Commissioner determines.

relevant exempting provision has the same meaning as in Division 9C of Part III of the Assessment Act.

right to receive income means a right of a person to have income that will or may be derived (whether from property or otherwise) paid to, or applied or accumulated for the benefit of, the person.

scheme means:

                     (a)  any agreement, arrangement, understanding, promise or undertaking, whether express or implied, and whether or not enforceable, or intended to be enforceable, by legal proceedings; and

                     (b)  any scheme, plan, proposal, action, course of action or course of conduct.

secondary taxable amount, in relation to a person or persons, means an amount that is a secondary taxable amount under section 6 in relation to an eligible beneficiaries class in which the person is, or the persons are, included.

taxable amount means a primary taxable amount, a secondary taxable amount, a company taxable amount or an elected taxable amount.

trust recoupment tax means tax assessed under this Act and imposed by the Trust Recoupment Tax Act 1985.

             (2)  The reference in the definition of scheme in subsection (1) to a scheme, plan, proposal, action, course of action or course of conduct shall be read as including a reference to a unilateral scheme, plan, proposal, action, course of action or course of conduct, as the case may be.

             (3)  In this Act, a reference to the time of entry into a scheme is a reference to:

                     (a)  if the scheme is a unilateral scheme—the time when the scheme is commenced to be carried out; and

                     (b)  in any other case—the time when the scheme is entered into.

             (4)  For the purposes of this Act, a scheme shall be taken to be a tax avoidance scheme if and only if, having regard to:

                     (a)  the manner in which the scheme was entered into or carried out;

                     (b)  the form and substance of the scheme;

                     (c)  the time at which the scheme was entered into and the length of the period during which the scheme was carried out;

                     (d)  the result in relation to the operation of the Assessment Act that, but for section 100A and Part IVA of that Act, would be achieved by the scheme;

                     (e)  any change in the financial position of any person that has resulted, will result or may reasonably be expected to result from the scheme; and

                      (f)  any other consequence for any person of the scheme having been entered into or carried out;

it would be concluded that the person, or any of the persons, who entered into or carried out the scheme or any part of the scheme did so for the purpose of securing that a person or persons (whether or not a particular person or particular persons) who, if the scheme had not been entered into or carried out, would have been liable to pay income tax in respect of a year of income would not be liable to pay income tax in respect of that year of income or would be liable to pay less income tax in respect of that year of income than the person or persons would have been liable to pay if the scheme had not been entered into or carried out.

             (5)  In subsection (4):

                     (a)  a reference to the carrying out of a scheme or a part of a scheme by a person shall be read as including a reference to the carrying out of a scheme or a part of a scheme by a person together with another person or other persons; and

                     (b)  a reference to a scheme or a part of a scheme being entered into or carried out by a person for a particular purpose shall be read as including a reference to a scheme or a part of a scheme being entered into or carried out by the person for 2 or more purposes of which that particular purpose is the dominant purpose.

             (6)  For the purposes of this Act, trust recoupment tax that has been assessed shall be deemed to be payable notwithstanding that it has not become due and payable.

4  Application of tax legislation

             (1)  Unless the contrary intention appears in this Act, sections 6 and 7A, Part II, section 21, Part IV, section 204, and Parts VII and VIII of the Assessment Act, Part IIA of, and Part 4‑15 in Schedule 1 to, the Taxation Administration Act 1953, and regulations made under those Acts, apply for the purposes of the assessment and collection of trust recoupment tax and penalty tax, in like manner, mutatis mutandis, as those provisions apply for the purposes of the assessment and collection of income tax under the Assessment Act.

             (2)  A reference in this Act to a provision of the Assessment Act or of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 shall, unless the contrary intention appears, be read as a reference to that provision in its application, in accordance with subsection (1), for the purposes of this Act.

             (3)  For the purposes of section 14 of the Assessment Act, this Act shall be deemed to be part of the Assessment Act.

             (4)  Nothing in section 355‑25 or 355‑155 in Schedule 1 of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 prevents:

                     (a)  the disclosure, to a person who is, or in the opinion of the Commissioner is likely to become, liable to pay trust recoupment tax, or to pay income tax by virtue of the operation of section 7 of this Act, of information relating to the affairs of another person where that information was, or in the opinion of the Commissioner is likely to be, taken into account in the assessment of the liability of the first‑mentioned person to pay trust recoupment tax, or to pay income tax by virtue of the operation of section 7 of this Act, as the case may be; or

                     (b)  the disclosure, to a person who is, or in the opinion of the Commissioner is likely to become, jointly and severally liable with other persons to pay trust recoupment tax, of the identity of, and particulars of the liability of, any of the other persons liable to pay that trust recoupment tax.

             (5)  Nothing in section 170 of the Assessment Act prevents the amendment, at any time, of an assessment for the purpose of giving effect to subsection 6(2) or section 7 of this Act.

             (7)  Unless the contrary intention appears, a reference in section 215 of the Assessment Act to tax shall be deemed to include a reference to:

                     (a)  trust recoupment tax;

                     (b)  late payment tax;

                     (c)  applied penalty tax; and

                     (d)  penalty tax.

             (9)  For the purposes of the application of any of the provisions of the Assessment Act  or of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 in accordance with subsection (1), where 2 or more persons are jointly and severally liable to pay trust recoupment tax, or penalty tax, on a secondary taxable amount, service of a notice of assessment or any other notice in respect of that liability on any of those persons shall be deemed to be service of the notice on each of those persons.

           (10)  The validity of an assessment of the trust recoupment tax or penalty tax payable on a secondary taxable amount by the persons included in an eligible beneficiaries class in relation to that secondary taxable amount is not affected by reason that the notice of assessment identifies only one or some of the persons included in that eligible beneficiaries class.

5  Primary taxable amounts

             (1)  Subject to subsections (2) and (3), where:

                     (a)  at any time, whether before or after the commencement of this Act, a beneficiary of a trust estate had a vested and indefeasible interest in any of the income of the trust estate of a year of income (in this subsection referred to as the relevant year of income);

                     (b)  the beneficiary was not presently entitled to that income but would, apart from this section and subsection 100A(1) of the Assessment Act, have been deemed for the purposes of that Act to be presently entitled to that income;

                     (c)  the vested and indefeasible interest of the beneficiary in the whole or a part of that income (which whole or part is in this subsection referred to as the relevant trust income) arose out of a tax avoidance scheme, or by reason of any act, transaction or circumstance that occurred as part of, in connection with or as a result of a tax avoidance scheme, entered into on or after 12 May 1982;

                     (d)  by reason of, as a result of or as part of the tax avoidance scheme or by reason of any act, transaction or circumstance that has occurred, will occur, or may reasonably be expected to occur, being an act, transaction or circumstance occurring as part of, in connection with or as a result of the tax avoidance scheme, the present value of the benefit, or the sum of the present values of each of the benefits, that has or have been, will be, or may reasonably be expected to be, derived by the beneficiary as a consequence of the vested and indefeasible interest of the beneficiary in the relevant trust income is less than 50% of the amount of the relevant trust income; and

                     (e)  by reason that the beneficiary would, apart from this section and subsection 100A(1) of the Assessment Act, have been deemed for the purposes of that Act to be presently entitled to the relevant trust income, the trustee of the trust estate would not have been liable to be assessed and to pay tax under section 99 or 99A of that Act in respect of the net income or a part of the net income (which net income or part is in this subsection referred to as the relevant amount) of the trust estate of the relevant year of income;

the following provisions have effect:

                      (f)  the beneficiary shall, for the purposes of the Assessment Act other than sections 99 and 99A, be deemed not to be, and never to have been, presently entitled to the relevant trust income;

                     (g)  a primary taxable amount equal to the relevant amount shall be taken to exist in relation to the trustee of the trust estate in relation to the relevant year of income.

             (2)  Subject to subsection (3), where:

                     (a)  by reason of the application of subsection (1) or of this subsection, a primary taxable amount exists in relation to the trustee of a trust estate (in this subsection referred to as the sub‑trust) in relation to a year of income (in this subsection referred to as the relevant year of income) in relation to a tax avoidance scheme (in this subsection referred to as the relevant scheme);

                     (b)  apart from this section and section 100A of the Assessment Act, the trustee of the sub‑trust:

                              (i)  was presently entitled to a share of the income of another trust estate (in this subsection referred to as the head trust) of the relevant year of income;

                             (ii)  would, by reason that income of another trust estate (in this subsection also referred to as the head trust) of the relevant year of income was paid to, or applied for the benefit of, the trustee of the sub‑trust, have been deemed, for the purposes of the Assessment Act, to be presently entitled to income of the head trust; or

                            (iii)  would, by reason that the trustee of the sub‑trust had a vested and indefeasible interest in any of the income of another trust estate (in this subsection also referred to as the head trust) of the relevant year of income, have been deemed, for the purposes of the Assessment Act, to be presently entitled to that income of the head trust;

                     (c)  in a case to which subparagraph (b)(i) applies—the present entitlement of the trustee of the sub‑trust to the share or to a part of the share (which share or part is in this subsection referred to as the relevant head trust income) of the income of the head trust referred to in that subparagraph arose out of the relevant scheme or arose by reason of any act, transaction or circumstance that occurred as part of, in connection with or as a result of the relevant scheme;

                     (d)  in a case to which subparagraph (b)(ii) applies—the whole or a part (which whole or part is in this subsection also referred to as the relevant head trust income) of the income of the head trust referred to in that subparagraph was paid or applied as mentioned in that subparagraph as a result of the relevant scheme or as a result of any act, transaction or circumstance that occurred as part of, in connection with or as a result of the relevant scheme; and

                     (e)  in a case to which subparagraph (b)(iii) applies—the vested and indefeasible interest of the trustee of the sub‑trust in the whole or a part (which whole or part is in this subsection also referred to as the relevant head trust income) of the income of the head trust referred to in that subparagraph arose out of the relevant scheme or arose by reason of any act, transaction or circumstance that occurred as part of, in connection with or as a result of the relevant scheme;

the following provisions have effect:

                      (f)  the primary taxable amount referred to in paragraph (a) shall be reduced by so much of that amount as is attributable to the relevant head trust income;

                     (g)  a primary taxable amount equal to the amount of the reduction referred to in paragraph (f) shall be taken to exist in relation to the trustee of the head trust in relation to the relevant year of income.

             (3)  Where, but for this subsection, 2 or more primary taxable amounts (in this subsection referred to as the original taxable amounts) would be taken to exist in relation to the trustee of a trust estate in relation to a year of income in relation to a tax avoidance scheme by reason of the application of subsection (1) or (2):

                     (a)  the original taxable amounts shall not be taken to exist; and

                     (b)  a primary taxable amount equal to the aggregate of the original taxable amounts shall be taken to exist in relation to the trustee of the trust estate in relation to the year of income.

             (4)  For the purposes of paragraphs (1)(c) and (2)(e), but without limiting the generality of those paragraphs, where:

                     (a)  a tax avoidance scheme was entered into at or after the time when a person became a beneficiary of a trust estate; and

                     (b)  the amount (in this subsection referred to as the increased amount) of the income of the trust estate in which the beneficiary had a vested and indefeasible interest exceeds the amount (in this subsection referred to as the original amount) of the income of the trust estate in which the beneficiary would have had, or could reasonably be expected to have had, a vested and indefeasible interest if the tax avoidance scheme had not been entered into or if an act, transaction or circumstance that occurred as part of, in connection with or as a result of the tax avoidance scheme had not occurred;

the vested and indefeasible interest of the beneficiary in so much of the increased amount as exceeds the original amount shall be taken to have arisen out of the tax avoidance scheme.

             (5)  In paragraph (1)(d) a reference to the present value of a benefit that has been, will be, or may reasonably be expected to be, derived by a beneficiary of a trust estate as a consequence of a vested and indefeasible interest of the beneficiary in the relevant trust income referred to in that paragraph is a reference to:

                     (a)  where the benefit was derived before the end of the year of income in which the relevant trust income was derived—the amount or value of the benefit at the time at which it was derived; or

                     (b)  in any other case—an amount ascertained in accordance with the formula  where:

                            A     is the amount or value of the benefit at the time at which it was, will be, or may reasonably be expected to be, derived; and

                            n     is the number of years between the end of the year of income in which the relevant trust income was derived and the time referred to in component A.

             (6)  For the purposes of paragraph (2)(c), but without limiting the generality of that paragraph, where:

                     (a)  a tax avoidance scheme was entered into at or after the time when a person became a beneficiary of a trust estate; and

                     (b)  the amount (in this subsection referred to as the increased amount) of the share of the income of the trust estate to which the beneficiary was presently entitled exceeds the amount (in this subsection referred to as the original amount) of the income of the trust estate to which the beneficiary would have been, or could reasonably be expected to have been, presently entitled if the tax avoidance scheme had not been entered into or if an act, transaction or circumstance that occurred as part of, in connection with or as a result of the tax avoidance scheme had not occurred;

the present entitlement of the beneficiary to so much of the increased amount as exceeds the original amount shall be taken to have arisen out of the tax avoidance scheme.

             (7)  For the purposes of paragraph (2)(d), but without limiting the generality of that paragraph, where:

                     (a)  a tax avoidance scheme was entered into at or after the time when a person became a beneficiary of a trust estate; and

                     (b)  income of the trust estate was paid to, or applied for the benefit of, the beneficiary and the amount (in this subsection referred to as the increased amount) of that income exceeds the amount (in this subsection referred to as the original amount) that would have been, or could reasonably be expected to have been, paid to, or applied for the benefit of, the beneficiary if the tax avoidance scheme had not been entered into or if an act, transaction or circumstance that occurred as part of, in connection with or as a result of the tax avoidance scheme had not occurred;

so much of the increased amount as exceeds the original amount shall be taken to be income of the trust estate that was paid to, or applied for the benefit of, the beneficiary as a result of the tax avoidance scheme.

             (8)  A primary taxable amount may be taken to exist in relation to the trustee of a trust estate notwithstanding that the trust estate has ceased to exist.

6  Secondary taxable amounts

             (1)  Where:

                     (a)  a primary taxable amount exists in relation to the trustee of a trust estate in relation to a year of income; and

                     (b)  either of the following conditions is satisfied:

                              (i)  the trust estate ceased to exist before the commencement of this Act;

                             (ii)  the trust estate has ceased to exist after the commencement of this Act and an assessment of the trust recoupment tax payable on the primary taxable amount was not made before the trust estate ceased to exist;

a secondary taxable amount of an amount equal to the primary taxable amount shall be taken to exist in relation to the eligible beneficiaries class in relation to the year of income.

             (2)  Where:

                     (a)  a primary taxable amount exists in relation to the trustee of a trust estate (in this subsection referred to as the relevant trust estate) in relation to a year of income;

                     (b)  during the period (in this subsection referred to as the relevant period) after the time when the tax avoidance scheme to which the primary taxable amount relates was entered into and before the time of service of any notice of assessment in respect of trust recoupment tax payable on the primary taxable amount:

                              (i)  any beneficial interest in the relevant trust estate was sold; or

                             (ii)  any beneficial interest in another trust estate that at any time during the relevant period was a holding trust estate in relation to the relevant trust estate was sold; and

                     (c)  the Commissioner is of the opinion that, by reason of a circumstance mentioned in paragraph (b), it would be unreasonable that the trustee of the relevant trust estate be liable to pay trust recoupment tax on the primary taxable amount;

the following provisions have effect:

                     (d)  a secondary taxable amount of an amount equal to the primary taxable amount shall be taken to exist in relation to the eligible beneficiaries class in relation to the year of income;

                     (e)  the trustee of the relevant trust estate is not liable, and shall be deemed never to have been liable, to pay trust recoupment tax on the primary taxable amount.

             (3)  Where:

                     (a)  there remains unpaid an amount of trust recoupment tax payable by the trustee of a trust estate on a primary taxable amount that exists in relation to the trustee in relation to a year of income and the Commissioner is of the opinion that the trust recoupment tax, or part of the trust recoupment tax, is unlikely to be paid; or

                     (b)  a trust estate ceases to exist at a time when there remains unpaid an amount of trust recoupment tax payable by the trustee on a primary taxable amount that exists in relation to the trustee in relation to a year of income;

a secondary taxable amount shall be taken to exist in relation to the eligible beneficiaries class in relation to the year of income of an amount equal to the amount of the unpaid trust recoupment tax multiplied by 2.22.

             (4)  Subject to subsection (5), for the purposes of the application of subsection (1), (2) or (3) in relation to a primary taxable amount, the eligible beneficiaries class includes each person who has derived, or might reasonably be expected to derive, a benefit that would not have been derived, or might reasonably be expected not to have been derived, if the primary trust income in relation to the primary taxable amount had not been derived.

             (5)  In subsection (4), a reference to a benefit shall be read as not including a reference to:

                     (a)  a benefit referred to in paragraph 5(1)(d) derived by a beneficiary to whom paragraph 5(1)(f) applies; and

                     (b)  a benefit derived by a person (not being a person who at any time after the time when the tax avoidance scheme to which the primary taxable amount relates was entered into was an associate of the trustee of the trust estate in relation to which the primary taxable amount exists) from a transaction the parties to which were dealing with each other at arm’s length in relation to the transaction.

             (6)  For the purposes of the application of this Act in relation to trust recoupment tax payable or paid on a secondary taxable amount, the eligible beneficiaries class in relation to the secondary taxable amount shall not be taken to include any person who was not included in that class at the time when the notice of assessment in respect of the trust recoupment tax was served.

             (7)  For the purposes of this section, a trust estate is a holding trust estate in relation to another trust estate at a particular time if the trustee of the first‑mentioned trust estate has a beneficial interest in the other trust estate at that time.

             (8)  For the purposes of subsection (7), where the trustee of a trust estate has a beneficial interest in a second trust estate and the trustee of the second trust estate has a beneficial interest in a third trust estate (including a beneficial interest that the trustee of the second trust estate has in the third trust estate by another application or other applications of this subsection), the trustee of the first‑mentioned trust estate shall be deemed to have a beneficial interest in the third trust estate.

             (9)  In this section, unless the contrary intention appears, trust recoupment tax includes late payment tax and penalty tax.

7  Requests to eliminate trust recoupment tax on certain taxable amounts

             (1)  Subject to subsections (3) and (5), where:

                     (a)  a primary taxable amount exists in relation to the trustee of a trust estate (in this subsection referred to as the relevant trust estate); and

                     (b)  if there had been a distribution (in this subsection referred to as the income distribution) at the relevant distribution time of income of the relevant trust estate of an amount equal to the primary taxable amount, an eligible person or eligible persons would have received, or might reasonably be expected to have received, the whole or a part of the income distribution if there had been successive distributions of the relative parts of the income distribution to and by each of any trustees, not being prescribed persons, interposed between the relevant trust estate and the eligible person or eligible persons;

the eligible person or all the eligible persons, as the case may be, may make a request that this section should apply in relation to the eligible person or all the eligible persons, as the case may be, in relation to the primary taxable amount.

             (2)  Subject to subsection (5), where:

                     (a)  an elected taxable amount exists in relation to a company (in this subsection referred to as the relevant company); and

                     (b)  if there had been a distribution (in this subsection referred to as the income distribution) at the relevant distribution time of income of the relevant company of an amount equal to 48.6% of the elected taxable amount, a prescribed person or prescribed persons would have received, or might reasonably be expected to have received, the whole or a part of the income distribution if there had been successive distributions of the relative parts of that income distribution to and by each of any companies or trustees, not being prescribed persons, interposed between the relevant company and the prescribed person or prescribed persons;

the prescribed person or all the prescribed persons, as the case may be, may make a request that this section should apply in relation to the prescribed person or all the prescribed persons, as the case may be, in relation to the elected taxable amount.

             (3)  Where:

                     (a)  a company (in this subsection referred to as the relevant company) not being a prescribed person would, but for this subsection, be entitled to make a request under subsection (1) either alone or together with another person or other persons; and

                     (b)  if there had been a distribution (in this subsection referred to as the relevant income distribution) at the relevant distribution time of income of the relevant company of an amount equal to 48.6% of the amount that, for the purposes of the application of subsection (1), is the amount of the income distribution referred to in that subsection that would have been, or might reasonably be expected to have been, received by the relevant company, a prescribed person or prescribed persons would have received, or might reasonably be expected to have received, the whole or a part of the relevant income distribution if there had been successive distributions of the relative parts of the relevant income distribution to and by each of any companies or trustees, not being prescribed persons, interposed between the relevant company and the prescribed person or prescribed persons;

the prescribed person or all the prescribed persons, as the case may be, may, with the leave of the Commissioner, make, or be a party to, the request in lieu of the company.

             (4)  Subject to subsection (5), a request under this section in relation to a taxable amount (in this subsection referred to as the relevant taxable amount) shall:

                     (a)  be in writing signed by the person or each of the persons, as the case may be, making the request;

                     (b)  in the case of a request (not being a substitution request) made by a person or persons under subsection (1)—specify an amount in relation to the person equal to the relevant taxable amount, or amounts in relation to the persons equal in the aggregate to the relevant taxable amount, as the case may be;

                     (c)  in the case of a substitution request:

                              (i)  specify:

                                        (A)  an amount (in this paragraph referred to as the relevant company amount) in relation to the replacement company, or an amount (in this paragraph also referred to as the relevant company amount) in relation to each of the replacement companies; and

                                        (B)  an amount in relation to the other person or each of the other persons (if any) who would, apart from subsection (3), be entitled to make the request under subsection (1);

                                   such that the sum of:

                                        (C)  the relevant company amount or the relevant company amounts, as the case may be; and

                                        (D)  the amount, or the amounts, as the case may be, specified under sub‑subparagraph (B);

                                   equals the relevant taxable amount; and

                             (ii)  specify in relation to the person, or in relation to each of the persons, entitled by virtue of subsection (3) to make the request in lieu of a company referred to in subparagraph (i) an amount such that the amount, or the aggregate of the amounts, as the case may be, specified in relation to the company equals 48.6% of the relevant company amount in relation to the company;

                     (d)  in the case of a request made by a person or persons under subsection (2)—specify an amount in relation to the person equal to 48.6% of the relevant taxable amount, or amounts in relation to the persons equal in the aggregate to 48.6% of the relevant taxable amount, as the case may be; and

                     (e)  be sent to or lodged with the Commissioner:

                              (i)  in a case to which subparagraph (ii) does not apply—not later than 30 days after the date of service of a notice of assessment (not being an amended assessment) in relation to the trust recoupment tax payable on the relevant taxable amount; or

                             (ii)  if a notice of assessment (not being an amended assessment) is served in relation to the trust recoupment tax payable on a secondary taxable amount derived by virtue of subsection 6(1) or (2) from the relevant taxable amount—not later than 30 days after the date of service of that notice;

                            or before such later date as the Commissioner allows.

             (5)  Where a request under this section in relation to a taxable amount is not made by the person or persons who, but for this subsection, would be required to make the request and either or both of the following conditions is or are satisfied:

                     (a)  where the request was not made by all the persons who, but for this subsection, would be required to make the request:

                              (i)  the request was not so made by reason that:

                                        (A)  any of the persons has died or, being a company that is a prescribed person, has ceased to exist;

                                        (B)  if any of the persons was a prescribed person by virtue of being the trustee of a trust estate—the trust estate has ceased to exist; or

                                        (C)  the whereabouts of any of the persons, not being a company, is not known; or

                             (ii)  the Commissioner is satisfied that other special circumstances exist by reason of which it would be unreasonable that all the persons who, but for this subsection, would be required to make the request, should make the request;

                     (b)  where the person or persons making the request was, or included, a person or persons who, but for this subsection, would not be entitled to make the request—the Commissioner considers it appropriate that the person or persons should be entitled to make the request by reason that an amount that is not included in the assessable income of the person of a year of income would have, or might reasonably be expected to have, been included in the assessable income of the person of the year of income if the tax avoidance scheme to which the taxable amount relates had not been entered into or carried out;

the Commissioner may waive compliance with the provisions of this section in relation to:

                     (c)  the persons who are required to make the request; and

                     (d)  in a case to which paragraph (a) applies—the requirement under subsection (4) that the amount, or the aggregate of the amounts, specified in the request be equal to a particular amount.

             (6)  On receipt of a request under this section, the Commissioner, having regard to:

                     (a)  in relation to amounts specified in the request in lieu of which different amounts could have been specified—whether those amounts specified in the request are reasonable having regard to:

                              (i)  in the case of amounts specified in the request in relation to persons who would not have been parties to the request but for subsection (5)—the amounts that, as mentioned in paragraph (5)(b), would have, or might reasonably be expected to have, been included in the assessable incomes of those persons if the tax avoidance scheme to which the taxable amount to which the request relates had not been entered into or carried out; and

                             (ii)  in the case of amounts specified in the request in relation to other persons—the part of the income distribution referred to in subsection (1), (2) or (3) in relation to the request that, in the opinion of the Commissioner, would have, or might reasonably be expected to have, been received by each of those persons;

                     (b)  the likelihood that any tax that may become payable by reason of the operation of this section in relation to the request will be paid or that section 265 of the Assessment Act will apply in relation to any tax that may become so payable; and

                     (c)  any other matters that the Commissioner considers relevant;

may grant the request or refuse the request.

             (7)  Subject to subsection (9), where a request made under subsection (1) in relation to a primary taxable amount (in this subsection referred to as the relevant taxable amount) is granted by the Commissioner, the following provisions have effect:

                     (a)  in relation to each person making the request who is entitled to make the request apart from subsection (3):

                              (i)  where the person is a prescribed person, then, for the purposes of the Assessment Act, but subject to section 128D of that Act and to the application of any relevant exempting provision:

                                        (A)  an amount equal to the amount specified in the request under paragraph (4)(b) or sub‑subparagraph (4)(c)(i)(B), as the case may be, in relation to the person shall be included in the assessable income of the person of the year of income to which the relevant taxable amount relates; and

                                        (B)  the amount shall be deemed to be included in that assessable income by virtue of subsection 97(1) of the Assessment Act and by reason that the person was presently entitled to a share of the primary trust income in relation to the relevant taxable amount; and

                             (ii)  where the person is a company not being a prescribed person—an elected taxable amount shall be taken to exist, in relation to the year of income in relation to which the relevant taxable amount exists, of an amount equal to the amount specified in the request under paragraph (4)(b) in relation to the person;

                     (b)  in relation to each person making the request by virtue of the application of subsection (3) in relation to a company:

                              (i)  a company taxable amount shall be taken to exist, in relation to the year of income in relation to which the relevant taxable amount exists, of an amount ascertained by dividing the amount specified in the request under subparagraph (4)(c)(ii) in relation to the person in relation to the company by 0.486; and

                             (ii)  for the purposes of the Assessment Act other than Division 7 of Part III and Division 4 of Part VI:

                                        (A)  the company shall be deemed to have paid to the person, as a shareholder in the company, a dividend of an amount equal to the amount specified in the request under subparagraph (4)(c)(ii) in relation to the person in relation to the company;

                                        (B)  the dividend shall be deemed to have been paid by the company, on the last day of the year of income to which the relevant taxable amount relates (whether or not the company existed at that time), out of profits derived by the company from sources in Australia; and

                                        (C)  the dividend shall be deemed not to be a dividend to which subsection 44(2) of the Assessment Act applies;

                     (c)  the trustee in relation to whom the relevant taxable amount exists is not liable, and shall be deemed never to have been liable, to pay trust recoupment tax on the relevant taxable amount;

                     (d)  any secondary taxable amount derived from the relevant taxable amount shall be deemed not to exist and never to have existed.

             (8)  Subject to subsection (9), where a request made under subsection (2) in relation to an elected taxable amount that exists in relation to a company is granted by the Commissioner, the following provisions have effect:

                     (a)  a company taxable amount shall be taken to exist in relation to the company, in relation to the year of income in relation to which the elected taxable amount exists, of an amount equal to the elected taxable amount;

                     (b)  for the purposes of the application of the Assessment Act, other than Division 7 of Part III, in relation to each person making the request:

                              (i)  the company shall be deemed to have paid to the person, as a shareholder in the company, a dividend of an amount equal to the amount specified in the request under paragraph (4)(d) in relation to the person;

                             (ii)  the dividend shall be deemed to have been paid by the company, on the last day of the year of income to which the elected taxable amount relates (whether or not the company existed at that time), out of profits derived by the company from sources in Australia; and

                            (iii)  the dividend shall be deemed not to be a dividend to which subsection 44(2) of the Assessment Act applies;

                     (c)  the company is not liable, and shall be deemed never to have been liable, to pay trust recoupment tax on the elected taxable amount.

             (9)  Where:

                     (a)  a request made under this section in relation to a taxable amount is granted by the Commissioner; and

                     (b)  after the request is granted, the taxable amount is increased or reduced;

subsections (7) and (8) have effect in relation to the request as if:

                     (c)  the request had been made in relation to the increased or reduced taxable amount;

                     (d)  the request had been made by such persons as the Commissioner determines, being some or all of:

                              (i)  the persons who, but for subsections (3) and (5), would have been required to make the request;

                             (ii)  the persons who, by virtue of subsection (3), could have been permitted to make the request; and

                            (iii)  the persons whom the Commissioner considers should have been entitled under paragraph (5)(b) to make the request;

                            if the request had been made in relation to the increased or reduced taxable amount; and

                     (e)  the amounts specified in the request in relation to those persons had been such amount or amounts as the Commissioner considers appropriate and, where applicable, those amounts had been specified in relation to the relevant company or relevant companies.

           (10)  In this section:

eligible person means a prescribed person or a company not being a prescribed person.

replacement company, in relation to a substitution request, means a company that is not a party to the request but would, but for subsection (3), be entitled to be a party to the request.

substitution request means a request under subsection (1) any of the parties to which is a party by virtue only of the application of subsection (3).

8  Liability to pay trust recoupment tax

             (1)  Subject to this Act, where a primary taxable amount, an elected taxable amount or a company taxable amount exists in relation to a person, the person is liable to pay the tax imposed on that taxable amount by the Trust Recoupment Tax Act 1985.

             (2)  Subject to this Act, where a secondary taxable amount exists in relation to an eligible beneficiaries class, the persons included in that class are jointly and severally liable to pay the tax imposed on that amount by the Trust Recoupment Tax Act 1985.

9  Reduction of liability where tax paid

             (1)  Where:

                     (a)  trust recoupment tax is or was payable on a secondary taxable amount and trust recoupment tax is payable on the primary taxable amount by reference to trust recoupment tax on which the secondary taxable amount was ascertained; and

                     (b)  an amount of trust recoupment tax on that primary taxable amount is paid;

there shall be deemed to be applied, or to have been applied, in reduction of the trust recoupment tax that is or was payable on the secondary taxable amount, an amount equal to the amount paid as mentioned in paragraph (b).

             (2)  Where:

                     (a)  trust recoupment tax is or was payable on a primary taxable amount and trust recoupment tax is payable on a secondary taxable amount ascertained by reference to trust recoupment tax on the primary taxable amount; and

                     (b)  an amount of trust recoupment tax on the secondary taxable amount is paid;

an amount equal to the amount paid as mentioned in paragraph (b) shall be deemed to be applied, or to have been applied, in reduction of the trust recoupment tax that is or was payable on the primary taxable amount.

             (3)  Where under this section an amount is deemed to be applied, or to have been applied, in reduction of the trust recoupment tax that is or was payable on a taxable amount, being trust recoupment tax that includes or included late payment tax, the amount shall, to the extent to which it does not exceed the amount of that late payment tax, be deemed to be applied, or to have been applied, in reduction of that late payment tax and the balance (if any) shall be deemed to be applied, or to have been applied, in reduction of the remaining trust recoupment tax.

             (4)  In this section, trust recoupment tax includes late payment tax and penalty tax.

10  Right of contribution and apportionment of liability

             (1)  Where:

                     (a)  the persons included in an eligible beneficiaries class are jointly and severally liable to pay trust recoupment tax on a secondary taxable amount; and

                     (b)  a person included in that eligible beneficiaries class has paid any of that trust recoupment tax;

the person referred to in paragraph (b) may, in a court of competent jurisdiction, recover by way of contribution and as a debt from any of the other persons included in the class such part of the amount paid as the court considers just and equitable.

             (2)  Where proceedings against a person under Part 4‑15 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 for recovery of any trust recoupment tax payable on a secondary taxable amount are instituted in any court, the court may:

                     (a)  on the application of the person, join, as co‑defendant or as co‑defendants in the proceedings, a specified person or specified persons who are included in the eligible beneficiaries class in relation to the secondary taxable amount; and

                     (b)  having regard to:

                              (i)  the amount or value of any benefit that each co‑defendant has derived, or might reasonably be expected to derive, being a benefit to which subsection 6(4) applies in relation to the person concerned in relation to the secondary taxable amount; and

                             (ii)  any other relevant circumstances;

                            determine, on just and equitable grounds, the respective proportions of the amount of the trust recoupment tax that the co‑defendants are liable to pay.

             (3)  In this section trust recoupment tax includes late payment tax and penalty tax.

12  Penalty tax

             (1)  Where:

                     (a)  for the purpose of making an assessment, the Commissioner has calculated the trust recoupment tax that is assessable to a person or persons in relation to a taxable amount, not being a secondary taxable amount arising under subsection 6(3);

                     (b)  the tax avoidance scheme to which the taxable amount relates was entered into after 28 April 1983 and before the commencement of this Act;

                     (c)  the assessment is to be made in a quarter (in this subsection referred to as the assessment quarter) commencing after the end of the year of income that immediately succeeded the year of income to which the taxable amount relates; and

                     (d)  the index number in relation to the quarter immediately preceding the assessment quarter exceeds the index number in relation to the March quarter of the year of income that immediately succeeded the year of income to which the taxable amount relates;

the person is liable or, in the case of persons included in an eligible beneficiaries class, the persons are jointly and severally liable, to pay, by way of penalty, additional tax equal to an amount ascertained in accordance with the formula  where:

A   is the amount of the trust recoupment tax referred to in          paragraph (a);

B   is the index number in relation to the quarter immediately      preceding the assessment quarter; and

C   is the index number in relation to the March quarter referred to in paragraph (d).

             (2)  Where:

                     (a)  for the purpose of making an assessment, the Commissioner has calculated the income tax that is assessable to a person in relation to a year of income (in this subsection referred to as the relevant year of income);

                     (b)  in the calculation of that income tax an amount was, or amounts were, included in the assessable income of the person by virtue of the application of section 7 in relation to a tax avoidance scheme or tax avoidance schemes entered into after 28 April 1983 and before the commencement of this Act;

                     (c)  if the amount or amounts had not been included in the assessable income of the person:

                              (i)  no income tax would have been assessable to the person in relation to the relevant year of income; or

                             (ii)  there would have been assessable to the person in relation to the relevant year of income an amount of income tax (in this subsection referred to as the amount of claimed tax) that is less than the amount of the income tax referred to in paragraph (a);

                     (d)  the assessment is to be made in a quarter (in this subsection referred to as the assessment quarter) commencing after the end of the year of income that immediately succeeded the relevant year of income; and

                     (e)  the index number in relation to the quarter immediately preceding the assessment quarter exceeds the index number in relation to the March quarter of the year of income that immediately succeeded the relevant year of income;

the person is liable to pay, by way of penalty, additional tax equal to an amount ascertained in accordance with the formula
where:

A   is:

                      (f)  in a case to which subparagraph (c)(i) applies—the amount of the income tax referred to in paragraph (a); or

                     (g)  in a case to which subparagraph (c)(ii) applies—the amount by which the amount of the income tax referred to in paragraph (a) exceeds the amount of claimed tax;

B   is the index number in relation to the quarter immediately      preceding the assessment quarter; and

C   is the index number in relation to the March quarter referred to in paragraph (e).

             (3)  Where:

                     (a)  for the purpose of making an assessment, the Commissioner has calculated the trust recoupment tax that is assessable to a person or persons in relation to a taxable amount, not being a secondary taxable amount arising under subsection 6(3); and

                     (b)  the tax avoidance scheme to which the taxable amount relates was entered into after the commencement of this Act;

the person is liable or, in the case of persons included in an eligible beneficiaries class, the persons are jointly and severally liable, to pay, by way of penalty, additional tax equal to double the amount of the trust recoupment tax referred to in paragraph (a).

             (4)  Where:

                     (a)  for the purpose of making an assessment, the Commissioner has calculated the income tax that is assessable to a person in relation to a year of income (in this subsection referred to as the relevant year of income);

                     (b)  in the calculation of that income tax an amount was, or amounts were, included in the assessable income of the person by virtue of the application of section 7 in relation to a tax avoidance scheme or tax avoidance schemes entered into after the commencement of this Act; and

                     (c)  if the amount or amounts had not been included in the assessable income of the person:

                              (i)  no income tax would have been assessable to the person in relation to the relevant year of income; or

                             (ii)  there would have been assessable to the person in relation to the relevant year of income an amount of income tax (in this subsection referred to as the amount of claimed tax) that is less than the amount of the income tax referred to in paragraph (a);

the person is liable to pay, by way of penalty, additional tax equal to:

                     (d)  in a case to which subparagraph (c)(i) applies—double the amount of the income tax referred to in paragraph (a); or

                     (e)  in a case to which subparagraph (c)(ii) applies—double the amount by which the amount of the income tax referred to in paragraph (a) exceeds the amount of claimed tax.

             (5)  Subject to subsection (6), if at any time, whether before or after the commencement of this section, the Australian Statistician has published or publishes an index number in respect of a quarter in substitution for an index number previously published by him or her in respect of that quarter, the publication of the later index number shall be disregarded for the purposes of this section.

             (6)  If at any time, whether before or after the commencement of this section, the Australian Statistician has changed or changes the index reference period for the Consumer Price Index, then, for the purposes of the application of this section after the change took place or takes place, regard shall be had only to the index numbers published in terms of the new index reference period.

             (7)  The Commissioner shall make an assessment of the additional tax payable by a person or persons under a provision of this section.

             (8)  Notice of an assessment made in respect of a person or persons under subsection (7) may be incorporated in notice of any other assessment made in respect of the person or persons under this Act or the Assessment Act.

             (9)  The Commissioner may, in the Commissioner’s discretion, remit the whole or any part of the additional tax payable by a person or persons under a provision of this section, but, for the purposes of the application of subsection 33(1) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 to the power of remission conferred by this subsection, nothing in this Act shall be taken to preclude the exercise of the power at a time before an assessment is made under subsection (7) of the additional tax.

           (10)  In this section, index number, in relation to a quarter, means the All Groups Consumer Price Index number, being the weighted average of the 8 capital cities, published by the Australian Statistician in respect of the quarter.

13  Arrangements etc. to avoid operation of Act

             (1)  Where:

                     (a)  a scheme entered into or carried out by a person after 28 April 1983 would, but for this section, have the effect of in any way, directly or indirectly, defeating, evading or avoiding any liability of the person to pay trust recoupment tax; and

                     (b)  it would be reasonable to conclude or infer that the person entered into or carried out the scheme for the purpose of in any way, directly or indirectly, defeating, evading or avoiding any liability of the person to pay trust recoupment tax or future trust recoupment tax;

then, in any prescribed recovery proceedings, the scheme shall be treated as being void in so far as it would, but for this section, have the effect mentioned in paragraph (a) but without prejudice to such validity as the scheme may have for any other purpose.

             (2)  Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), where:

                     (a)  a person (in this subsection referred to as the taxpayer) is liable to pay an amount of trust recoupment tax to the Commissioner;

                     (b)  after 28 April 1983, the taxpayer has transferred or transfers property to another person;

                     (c)  the transfer would, but for this section, have the effect of rendering the taxpayer unable to pay the trust recoupment tax, or any part of the trust recoupment tax;

                     (d)  having regard to:

                              (i)  the manner and circumstances in which the transfer was made;

                             (ii)  the nature of any connection (whether of a business, family or other nature) between the taxpayer and the other person referred to in paragraph (b); and

                            (iii)  any other relevant circumstances;

                            it would be reasonable to conclude or infer that the transfer was made by the taxpayer for the purpose of rendering the taxpayer unable to pay the trust recoupment tax, a part of the trust recoupment tax or any future trust recoupment tax; and

                     (e)  either of the following conditions is satisfied:

                              (i)  the transfer was made by way of gift; or

                             (ii)  having regard to the circumstances referred to in paragraph (d), it would be reasonable to conclude or infer that the person to whom the property was transferred believed or suspected that the transfer was made by the taxpayer for the purpose referred to in paragraph (d);

then, in any prescribed recovery proceedings, the transfer shall be treated as being void in so far as it would, but for this section, have the effect mentioned in paragraph (c) but without prejudice to such validity as the transfer may have for any other purpose.

             (3)  A reference in this section to a scheme being entered into or carried out or a transfer of property being made by a person for a particular purpose shall be read as including a reference to the scheme being entered into or carried out or the transfer being made, as the case may be, by the person for 2 or more purposes of which that particular purpose is the dominant purpose.

             (4)  In this section:

                     (a)  a reference to a transfer of property by a person includes a reference to:

                              (i)  the execution by the person of a charge on property of the person in favour of another person;

                             (ii)  the incurring by the person of an obligation in favour of another person; and

                            (iii)  any scheme that has the effect, directly or indirectly, of diminishing the value of any property of the person and increasing the value of the property of another person or persons; and

                     (b)  a reference, in relation to a transfer of property to which paragraph (a) applies, to the person to whom the property was transferred is a reference to:

                              (i)  in a case to which subparagraph (a)(i) applies—the person in whose favour the charge referred to in that subparagraph was executed;

                             (ii)  in a case to which subparagraph (a)(ii) applies—the person in whose favour the obligation referred to in that subparagraph was incurred; and

                            (iii)  in a case to which subparagraph (a)(iii) applies—the person, or any of the persons, referred to in that paragraph the value of whose property was increased by reason of the transfer.

             (5)  A reference in subsection (4) to a scheme that has the effect, directly or indirectly, of increasing the value of the property of a person includes a reference to a scheme that has the effect, directly or indirectly, that the person becomes the owner of property of which the person would not have been the owner but for the scheme, whether or not the property would have existed but for the scheme.

             (6)  A reference in this section to trust recoupment tax shall be read as including a reference to income tax payable by virtue of the operation of section 7 and a reference to future trust recoupment tax shall be read as including a reference to income tax that could reasonably have been expected by the person at the time when the scheme was entered into or carried out to become payable by the person after that time by virtue of the operation of section 7.

             (7)  In this section:

future trust recoupment tax, in relation to a person in relation to a scheme, means trust recoupment tax that could reasonably have been expected by the person at the time when the scheme was entered into or carried out to become payable by the person after that time.

prescribed recovery proceedings, in relation to trust recoupment tax, means:

                     (a)  proceedings by the Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner for recovery of the trust recoupment tax or part of the trust recoupment tax or of an amount that includes the trust recoupment tax or part of the trust recoupment tax;

                     (b)  proceedings for enforcement of a judgment given in proceedings referred to in paragraph (a); or

                     (c)  proceedings by a trustee within the meaning of the Bankruptcy Act 1966 or by a liquidator, being proceedings for the benefit of the Crown, the Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner or for the benefit of persons including the Crown, the Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner.

trust recoupment tax includes applied penalty tax, late payment tax and penalty tax.

14  Regulations

                   The Governor‑General may make regulations, not inconsistent with this Act, prescribing matters:

                     (a)  required or permitted by this Act to be prescribed; or

                     (b)  necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to this Act;

and, in particular, may make regulations prescribing penalties not exceeding a fine of 5 penalty units for offences against the regulations.


Endnotes

Endnote 1—About the endnotes

The endnotes provide information about this compilation and the compiled law.

The following endnotes are included in every compilation:

Endnote 1—About the endnotes

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key

Endnote 3—Legislation history

Endnote 4—Amendment history

Abbreviation key—Endnote 2

The abbreviation key sets out abbreviations that may be used in the endnotes.

Legislation history and amendment history—Endnotes 3 and 4

Amending laws are annotated in the legislation history and amendment history.

The legislation history in endnote 3 provides information about each law that has amended (or will amend) the compiled law. The information includes commencement details for amending laws and details of any application, saving or transitional provisions that are not included in this compilation.

The amendment history in endnote 4 provides information about amendments at the provision (generally section or equivalent) level. It also includes information about any provision of the compiled law that has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law.

Editorial changes

The Legislation Act 2003 authorises First Parliamentary Counsel to make editorial and presentational changes to a compiled law in preparing a compilation of the law for registration. The changes must not change the effect of the law. Editorial changes take effect from the compilation registration date.

If the compilation includes editorial changes, the endnotes include a brief outline of the changes in general terms. Full details of any changes can be obtained from the Office of Parliamentary Counsel.

Misdescribed amendments

A misdescribed amendment is an amendment that does not accurately describe the amendment to be made. If, despite the misdescription, the amendment can be given effect as intended, the amendment is incorporated into the compiled law and the abbreviation “(md)” added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

If a misdescribed amendment cannot be given effect as intended, the abbreviation “(md not incorp)” is added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

 

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key

 

ad = added or inserted

o = order(s)

am = amended

Ord = Ordinance

amdt = amendment

orig = original

c = clause(s)

par = paragraph(s)/subparagraph(s)

C[x] = Compilation No. x

    /sub‑subparagraph(s)

Ch = Chapter(s)

pres = present

def = definition(s)

prev = previous

Dict = Dictionary

(prev…) = previously

disallowed = disallowed by Parliament

Pt = Part(s)

Div = Division(s)

r = regulation(s)/rule(s)

ed = editorial change

reloc = relocated

exp = expires/expired or ceases/ceased to have

renum = renumbered

    effect

rep = repealed

F = Federal Register of Legislation

rs = repealed and substituted

gaz = gazette

s = section(s)/subsection(s)

LA = Legislation Act 2003

Sch = Schedule(s)

LIA = Legislative Instruments Act 2003

Sdiv = Subdivision(s)

(md) = misdescribed amendment can be given

SLI = Select Legislative Instrument

    effect

SR = Statutory Rules

(md not incorp) = misdescribed amendment

Sub‑Ch = Sub‑Chapter(s)

    cannot be given effect

SubPt = Subpart(s)

mod = modified/modification

underlining = whole or part not

No. = Number(s)

    commenced or to be commenced

 

Endnote 3—Legislation history

 

Act

Number and year

Assent

Commencement

Application, saving and transitional provisions

Trust Recoupment Tax Assessment Act 1985

9, 1985

5 Apr 1985

5 Apr 1985 (s 2)

 

Taxation Laws (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1986

109, 1986

4 Nov 1986

s 8 and Sch: 4 Nov 1986 (s 2)

s 8

Taxation Laws Amendment (Rates and Rebates) Act 1989

70, 1989

21 June 1989

s 9 and Sch: 21 June 1989 (s 2)

s 9

Taxation Laws Amendment Act (No. 3) 1991

216, 1991

24 Dec 1991

s 114 and Sch 4: 1 Mar 1992 (s 2(10) and gaz 1992, No GN7)

s 114

Income Tax (Consequential Amendments) Act 1997

39, 1997

17 Apr 1997

Sch 3 (item 132): 1 July 1997 (s 2)

Taxation Laws Amendment Act (No. 3) 1999

11, 1999

31 Mar 1999

Sch 1 (item 395): 1 July 1999 (s 2(3))

A New Tax System (Tax Administration) Act (No. 1) 2000

44, 2000

3 May 2000

Sch 3 (item 72): 22 Dec 1999 (s 2(1))
Sch 3 (items 73, 74): 1 July 2000 (s 2(9))

Sch 3 (item 74)

Tax Laws Amendment (Personal Tax Reduction and Improved Depreciation Arrangements) Act 2006

55, 2006

19 June 2006

Sch 1 (items 31, 32(1)): 1 July 2006 (s 2(1) item 2)

Sch 1 (item 32(1))

Tax Laws Amendment (Repeal of Inoperative Provisions) Act 2006

101, 2006

14 Sept 2006

Sch 1 (items 1, 318), Sch 2 (items 996–1006) and Sch 6 (items 1, 6–11): 14 Sept 2006 (s 2(1) items 2, 4)

Sch 6 (items 1, 6–11)

Statute Law Revision Act 2008

73, 2008

3 July 2008

Sch 4 (item 495): 4 July 2008 (s 2(1) item 64)

Tax Laws Amendment (Confidentiality of Taxpayer Information) Act 2010

145, 2010

16 Dec 2010

Sch 2 (item 122): 17 Dec 2010 (s 2(1) item 2)

Statute Law Revision Act (No. 2) 2015

145, 2015

12 Nov 2015

Sch 4 (item 39): 10 Dec 2015 (s 2(1) item 7)

Statute Update Act 2016

61, 2016

23 Sept 2016

Sch 1 (item 488): 21 Oct 2016 (s 2(1) item 1)

 

Endnote 4—Amendment history

 

Provision affected

How affected

s 3........................................

am No 39, 1997; No 101, 2006

s 4........................................

am No 216, 1991; No 44, 2000; No 101, 2006; No 145, 2010

s 6........................................

am No 109, 1986; No 70, 1989; No 55, 2006

s 7........................................

am No 101, 2006

s 10......................................

am No 101, 2006

s 11......................................

rep No 11, 1999

s 12......................................

am No 73, 2008; No 145, 2015

s 14......................................

am No 61, 2016