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Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000

Authoritative Version
  • - C2016C00935
  • In force - Superseded Version
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Act No. 164 of 2000 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Statute Update Act 2016
An Act to regulate education services for overseas students, and for related purposes
Administered by: Education and Training
Registered 21 Oct 2016
Start Date 21 Oct 2016
End Date 16 Aug 2017

Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000

No. 164, 2000

Compilation No. 30

Compilation date:                              21 October 2016

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 61, 2016

Registered:                                         21 October 2016

 

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 21 October 2016 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Part 1—Introduction                                                                                                            1

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                              1

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 1

3............ Crown to be bound............................................................................. 1

4............ Criminal Code applies........................................................................ 1

4A......... Objects................................................................................................ 2

4B......... Extension of this Act to Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands.. 2

4C......... Act does not extend to Norfolk Island................................................ 3

5............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 3

5A......... When registered higher education providers are taken to have the principal purpose of providing education           11

6............ Meaning of associate........................................................................ 11

6A......... Meaning of authorised officer........................................................... 14

6B......... Meaning of DSA assessment certificate and DSA recommendation certificate        15

6C......... Meaning of ESOS agency................................................................. 17

6D......... Meaning of exempt provider............................................................. 18

6E.......... Meaning of provider......................................................................... 18

7............ Meaning of tuition fees...................................................................... 19

7A......... Deciding whether a provider or registered provider is fit and proper to be registered etc.        19

7AA...... No duty imposed on designated State authorities.............................. 21

Division 2—Guide to this Act                                                                                 22

7B......... Guide to this Act............................................................................... 22

Part 2—Registration of providers                                                                              23

Division 1—Guide to this Part                                                                               23

8A......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 23

Division 2—Offence for providing or promoting a course without a registered provider         24

8............ Offence: providing or promoting a course without a registered provider 24

Division 3—Registration of providers                                                               26

Subdivision A—Application for registration                                                    26

9............ Provider may apply to be registered.................................................. 26

10.......... ESOS agency for provider may register provider............................. 26

10A....... Notice of registration......................................................................... 26

Subdivision B—Conditions of registration                                                        27

10B....... Conditions of registration.................................................................. 27

10C....... Conditions imposed by designated State authorities on the approval of school providers after registration             28

Subdivision C—Renewal of registration                                                            29

10D....... Registered provider may apply to renew registration........................ 29

10E........ ESOS agency for registered provider may renew registration........... 29

10F........ Registration continues until decision on renewal takes effect............ 29

10G....... Notice of renewal of registration....................................................... 30

Subdivision D—Changes to registration etc.                                                     31

10H....... Registered provider may apply to add one or more courses at one or more locations to registration        31

10J........ ESOS agency for registered provider may add one or more courses at one or more locations to registration          31

10K....... Notice of addition of one or more courses at one or more locations to registration  32

10L........ Extension of a registered provider’s period of registration................ 32

10M...... Continuation of registration if provider has not finished providing course before expiry of registration  33

Subdivision E—Other registration provisions                                                 34

11.......... When a provider or registered provider meets the registration requirements            34

11A....... Rules relating to applications for registration etc............................... 35

11B....... ESOS agency may request further information or documents........... 36

11C....... Copies of decision notices to be given by the ESOS agency............. 37

12.......... Entry to market charges..................................................................... 38

13.......... TPS Director may require information.............................................. 39

14.......... Notifying designated State authorities for approved school providers of non‑compliance with this Act etc.            39

Division 4—The Register                                                                                          41

14A....... The Register...................................................................................... 41

14B....... Updating the Register........................................................................ 42

Part 3—Obligations on registered providers                                                       43

Division 1A—Guide to this Part                                                                           43

15A....... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 43

Division 1—General obligations                                                                           44

15.......... Registered providers must not engage in misleading or deceptive conduct               44

16.......... Only Australian residents and Table C providers may be registered. 44

17.......... Registered providers must notify their ESOS agency of offences etc. by associates and high managerial agents    44

18.......... Payments to providers....................................................................... 45

19.......... Giving information about accepted students...................................... 46

20.......... Sending students notice of visa breaches.......................................... 47

21.......... Record keeping................................................................................. 49

21A....... Obligations relating to the agents of registered providers.................. 50

23.......... Annual registration charge................................................................ 51

23A....... Second and third entry to market charges.......................................... 52

24.......... TPS levies......................................................................................... 52

26.......... Disclosure obligations of registered providers.................................. 53

Division 2—Tuition fees                                                                                            54

27.......... Tuition fees....................................................................................... 54

28.......... Obligation for registered provider to maintain account...................... 54

29.......... Obligations in relation to account money.......................................... 55

30.......... Regulations....................................................................................... 56

31.......... Exemption from requirement............................................................. 56

32.......... Offence............................................................................................. 57

Part 4—The national code                                                                                              58

Division 1—Guide to this Part                                                                               58

33A....... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 58

Division 2—The national code                                                                               59

33.......... The national code.............................................................................. 59

34.......... Purpose of the national code............................................................. 59

38.......... Contents of the national code............................................................ 59

40.......... Legal effects of the national code...................................................... 60

41.......... Notification of the national code........................................................ 60

44.......... Regulations may prescribe penalties.................................................. 60

Part 5—Tuition protection service                                                                             61

Division 1—Guide to this Part                                                                               61

45.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 61

Division 2—Obligations on registered providers when a provider or student defaults                62

Subdivision A—Provider defaults                                                                       62

46A....... When a registered provider defaults.................................................. 62

46B....... Registered providers to notify of provider default............................. 63

46D....... Obligations on registered providers in case of provider default........ 64

46E........ Offence for failure to discharge obligations...................................... 65

46F........ Registered providers to notify of outcome of discharge of obligations 66

Subdivision B—Student defaults                                                                          67

47A....... When a student defaults.................................................................... 67

47B....... Requirement to make written agreement about student default.......... 68

47D....... Refund under a written agreement about student default................... 68

47E........ Refund in other cases........................................................................ 70

47F........ Offence for failure to enter agreement that complies with requirements 71

47G....... Offence for failure to provide refund................................................ 71

47H....... Registered providers to notify of outcome of discharge of obligations 72

Subdivision C—Recovering an amount                                                              73

48.......... Recovering an amount....................................................................... 73

Division 3—Student placement service                                                             74

49.......... Student placement service................................................................. 74

Division 4—Calls on the OSTF                                                                              76

50A....... When a call is made on the OSTF..................................................... 76

50B....... What the TPS Director must do when a call is made......................... 77

50C....... Consequences of a payment under section 50B................................ 78

50D....... TPS Director to notify Immigration Secretary................................... 79

50E........ Right to refund may be cancelled etc. without compensation............ 80

Part 5A—Overseas Students Tuition Fund, the TPS Director and the TPS Advisory Board   81

Division 1—Guide to this Part                                                                               81

51.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 81

Division 2—Overseas Students Tuition Fund and TPS levies               83

Subdivision A—Overseas Students Tuition Fund                                             83

52A....... Name of Fund................................................................................... 83

52B....... Credits to the OSTF.......................................................................... 83

52C....... Purposes of the OSTF...................................................................... 83

Subdivision B—TPS levies                                                                                     84

53A....... TPS Director to set TPS levies.......................................................... 84

53B....... Notice of amount of TPS levy........................................................... 84

53C....... Notifying the ESOS agency of payment of first TPS levy................ 85

53D....... Reminder notices............................................................................... 85

Division 3—TPS Director                                                                                         87

54A....... Appointment of TPS Director........................................................... 87

54B....... Functions of the TPS Director.......................................................... 87

54C....... Remuneration and allowances........................................................... 88

54D....... Leave of absence............................................................................... 88

54E........ Restrictions on outside employment.................................................. 88

54F........ Disclosure of interests....................................................................... 88

54G....... Resignation....................................................................................... 89

54H....... Termination of appointment.............................................................. 89

54J........ Other terms and conditions............................................................... 90

54K....... Acting TPS Director......................................................................... 90

54L........ Consultants....................................................................................... 90

54M...... Indemnity.......................................................................................... 90

54N....... Application of finance law................................................................ 91

Division 4—TPS Advisory Board                                                                        92

Subdivision A—Appointment of Board members                                            92

55A....... Establishment.................................................................................... 92

55B....... Function of the Board....................................................................... 92

55C....... Membership...................................................................................... 92

55D....... Appointment of Board members....................................................... 93

55E........ Remuneration and allowances........................................................... 93

55F........ Leave of absence............................................................................... 94

55G....... Restrictions on outside employment.................................................. 94

55H....... Disclosure of interests....................................................................... 94

55J........ Disclosure of interests to the Board.................................................. 94

55K....... Resignation....................................................................................... 95

55L........ Termination....................................................................................... 95

55M...... Other terms and conditions............................................................... 96

55N....... Acting appointments......................................................................... 96

Subdivision B—Meetings of the TPS Advisory Board                                   97

56A....... Convening meetings.......................................................................... 97

56B....... Presiding at meetings........................................................................ 97

56C....... Quorum............................................................................................. 98

56D....... Voting at meetings............................................................................ 98

56E........ Conduct of meetings......................................................................... 98

56F........ Minutes............................................................................................. 98

56G....... Decisions without meetings.............................................................. 98

Part 6—Enforcement                                                                                                       100

Division 1A—Guide to this Part                                                                         100

83A....... Guide to this Part............................................................................ 100

Division 1—Conditions, suspension and cancellation                              102

Subdivision A—Sanctions for non‑compliance etc.                                       102

83.......... ESOS agency may impose sanctions for non‑compliance etc......... 102

84.......... ESOS agency may take further action............................................. 105

85.......... ESOS agency may take action for breaches occurring before provider was registered             105

86.......... Examples of conditions................................................................... 106

87.......... Breaches of this Act etc. by approved school providers.................. 106

Subdivision C—Automatic suspension and cancellation                              107

89.......... Automatic suspension if registered provider is no longer fit and proper  107

90.......... Automatic suspension for non‑payment of levy or charge.............. 108

92.......... Automatic cancellation for bankruptcy............................................ 109

Subdivision D—Common rules for conditions, suspension and cancellation  109

93.......... Procedure for taking action etc........................................................ 109

94.......... ESOS agency may remove condition of registration or suspension of registration  111

95.......... Effect of suspension........................................................................ 111

Division 2—Immigration Minister’s suspension certificate                 113

97.......... Immigration Minister may give a registered provider a suspension certificate          113

98.......... Procedure for issuing certificate...................................................... 114

99.......... Content of certificate....................................................................... 115

100........ Duration of certificate...................................................................... 115

101........ Effect of certificate: offence............................................................. 115

102........ Further certificates........................................................................... 116

103........ Updating the Register...................................................................... 117

Division 3—Offences                                                                                                 118

106........ Infringement notices........................................................................ 118

107........ Failing to identify registered provider in written material................ 118

108........ Providing false or misleading information...................................... 119

109........ Access to electronic notification system.......................................... 119

Division 4—Enforceable undertakings                                                            121

110A..... Acceptance of undertakings............................................................ 121

110B..... Enforcement of undertakings.......................................................... 122

Part 7—Monitoring and searching providers                                                   123

Division 1A—Guide to this Part                                                                         123

111A..... Guide to this Part............................................................................ 123

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        124

111........ Powers conferred on magistrates in their personal capacity............ 124

112........ Immunity of magistrates.................................................................. 124

Division 2—Notices requiring information and documents                 125

Subdivision A—Production notices                                                                   125

113........ ESOS agency for a registered provider may give a production notice 125

113A..... TPS Director may give a production notice..................................... 125

114........ Contents of the production notice.................................................... 126

115........ Serving production notices.............................................................. 127

Subdivision B—Attendance notices                                                                   128

116........ Attendance notices.......................................................................... 128

117........ Contents of the attendance notice.................................................... 128

Subdivision C—Common rules for production and attendance notices   128

118........ Scales of expenses.......................................................................... 128

120........ Offence: failing to comply with a notice.......................................... 129

121........ Offence: giving false or misleading information............................. 129

122........ Offence: giving false or misleading document to authorised officer 129

122A..... Offence: giving false or misleading document to TPS officer......... 130

123........ Information and documents that incriminate a person..................... 130

124........ Copies of documents....................................................................... 131

125........ Retaining of documents by authorised officer etc............................ 131

125A..... Retaining of documents by TPS officer.......................................... 132

126........ Owner of document must be given copy......................................... 132

127........ Returning of documents.................................................................. 133

128........ Authorised officer etc. may apply to retain document for a further period                134

128A..... TPS officer may apply to retain document for a further period....... 134

129........ Magistrate or tribunal member may order retention for further period 135

Division 3—Monitoring warrants                                                                      136

Subdivision A—Monitoring powers                                                                  136

130........ Authorised officer may enter premises for a monitoring purpose... 136

131........ Monitoring powers of authorised officers....................................... 136

132........ Authorised officer on premises with consent may ask questions.... 139

133........ Authorised officer on premises under warrant may ask questions.. 139

134........ Offence: failure to answer question................................................. 140

135........ Offence: giving false or misleading information............................. 140

136........ Offence: giving or showing documents that are false or misleading in material particulars      140

Subdivision B—Applying for monitoring warrants                                      141

137........ Authorised officer may apply for a monitoring warrant.................. 141

138........ Magistrate or tribunal member may issue a monitoring warrant...... 141

139........ Magistrate or tribunal member may require more information........ 141

140........ Contents of monitoring warrant...................................................... 142

Division 4—Search warrants                                                                               143

Subdivision A—Search powers                                                                           143

141........ Authorised officer may enter premises to look for evidential material 143

142........ Search powers of authorised officers.............................................. 143

Subdivision B—Applying for search warrants                                               145

143........ Authorised officer may apply for a search warrant......................... 145

144........ Magistrate or tribunal member may issue a search warrant............. 146

145........ Magistrate or tribunal member may require more information........ 146

146........ Contents of a search warrant........................................................... 146

Division 5—Common rules for monitoring warrants and search warrants       148

Subdivision A—Common powers etc. under monitoring warrants and search warrants            148

147........ Use of reasonable force and assistance........................................... 148

148........ Use of electronic equipment in exercising search or monitoring powers  148

149........ Securing electronic equipment for use by experts........................... 148

150........ Extension of period......................................................................... 149

151........ Powers without warrant in emergency situations............................ 150

152........ Retaining seized things.................................................................... 150

153........ Authorised officer may apply for a thing to be retained for a further period             151

154........ Magistrate or tribunal member may order that the thing be retained 152

155........ Occupier to provide authorised officer with all facilities and assistance 152

Subdivision B—Obligations on authorised officers etc.                               153

156........ Being on premises with consent...................................................... 153

157........ Consent........................................................................................... 153

158........ Announcement before entry............................................................ 153

159........ Copy of warrant to be given to the occupier before entry................ 153

160........ Compensation for damage to electronic equipment or data.............. 154

161........ Occupier entitled to be present during execution of the monitoring warrant             155

162........ Identity cards................................................................................... 155

163........ Authorised officer must produce identity card on request............... 156

Subdivision C—Issue of warrants by telephone etc.                                      156

164........ Authorised officer may apply for warrants by telephone etc........... 156

165........ Magistrate or tribunal member may grant warrant by telephone etc. 157

166........ Procedure for issuing warrant by telephone etc............................... 158

167........ Procedure after telephone warrant ceases or is executed................. 158

168........ Form of warrant authorises exercise of power................................ 159

169........ Court to assume that exercise of power not authorised by telephone etc. warrant    159

Part 7A—Review of decisions                                                                                    160

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        160

169AA.. Guide to this Part............................................................................ 160

Division 2—Review of decisions                                                                         161

169AB.. Reviewable decisions...................................................................... 161

169AC.. Notice of decision........................................................................... 162

169AD.. Application for internal review of reviewable decisions made by delegates             162

169AE... Internal review of reviewable decisions.......................................... 163

169AF... Internal review decision must be made within 90 days................... 164

169AG.. Review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal............................. 164

Part 8—Miscellaneous                                                                                                     165

169A..... Guide to this Part............................................................................ 165

170A..... Publishing results of enforcement and monitoring.......................... 165

170B..... Annual report.................................................................................. 166

170C..... Minister may give directions to the ESOS agency.......................... 167

170........ Delegation....................................................................................... 167

171A..... Subdelegation by TEQSA or National VET Regulator................... 169

171........ Reinstatement fee............................................................................ 170

172........ Late payment penalty....................................................................... 171

173........ Debts due to the Commonwealth.................................................... 172

174........ Amounts payable by unincorporated bodies................................... 172

175........ Giving information to relevant bodies............................................. 172

176B..... ELICOS Standards......................................................................... 173

176C..... Foundation Program Standards....................................................... 174

177........ Regulations..................................................................................... 174

Endnotes                                                                                                                                  175

Endnote 1—About the endnotes                                                                          175

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key                                                                              177

Endnote 3—Legislation history                                                                           178

Endnote 4—Amendment history                                                                         184


An Act to regulate education services for overseas students, and for related purposes

Part 1Introduction

Division 1Preliminary

1  Short title

                   This Act may be cited as the Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000.

2  Commencement

             (1)  This section and section 1 commence on the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent.

             (2)  The remaining provisions of this Act commence on a day or days to be fixed by Proclamation.

             (3)  However, if a provision of this Act does not commence under subsection (2) within the period of 6 months beginning on the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent, it commences on the first day after the end of that period.

3  Crown to be bound

             (1)  This Act binds the Crown in each of its capacities.

             (2)  However, nothing in this Act makes the Crown in any capacity liable to be prosecuted for an offence.

4  Criminal Code applies

                   The Criminal Code applies to all offences against this Act.

4A  Objects

                   The principal objects of this Act are:

                     (a)  to provide tuition assurance, and refunds, for overseas students for courses for which they have paid; and

                     (b)  to protect and enhance Australia’s reputation for quality education and training services; and

                     (c)  to complement Australia’s migration laws by ensuring providers collect and report information relevant to the administration of the law relating to student visas.

4B  Extension of this Act to Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), this Act applies in relation to the Territory of Christmas Island and the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands as if:

                     (a)  a reference in a provision of this Act to a State included a reference to the Territory of Christmas Island or the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands; and

                     (b)  a reference in a provision of this Act to the designated State authority included a reference to the Territories Minister.

             (2)  Paragraph (1)(a) does not apply in relation to the following provisions:

                     (a)  the definitions of designated State authority and State in section 5;

                     (b)  paragraph 6D(1)(a);

                     (c)  paragraph 31(a);

                      (f)  paragraph 127(3)(b);

                     (g)  paragraph 152(3)(b);

                     (h)  paragraph 175(1)(e).

             (3)  The Territories Minister may, by signed writing, delegate all or any of his or her functions or powers as a designated State authority under this Act to:

                     (a)  an APS employee who is an SES employee or acting SES employee; or

                     (b)  an officer or employee of a State.

4C  Act does not extend to Norfolk Island

                   This Act does not extend to Norfolk Island.

5  Definitions

                   In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:

accepted student of a registered provider means a student (whether within or outside Australia):

                     (a)  who is accepted for enrolment, or enrolled, in a course provided by the provider; and

                     (b)  who is, or will be, required to hold a student visa to undertake or continue the course.

affected provider for a reviewable decision has the meaning given by section 169AB.

agent of a provider means a person (whether within or outside Australia) who represents or acts on behalf of the provider, or purports to do so, in dealing with overseas students or intending overseas students.

agreed starting day for a course means the day on which the course was scheduled to start, or a later day agreed between the registered provider for the course and the student.

annual registration charge means the annual registration charge imposed under the Education Services for Overseas Students (Registration Charges) Act 1997.

applicable number of days has the meaning given by subsection 19(1A).

approved school provider means a school provider approved (however described) by a designated State authority to provide courses to:

                     (a)  if the school provider is located in Tasmania or the Australian Capital Territory—students for that State or Territory; or

                     (b)  otherwise—overseas students for the State (other than Tasmania or the Australian Capital Territory).

associate of a person has the meaning given by section 6.

attendance notice means a notice given under section 116.

authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider has the meaning given by section 6A.

Board means the TPS Advisory Board established by section 55A.

Board member means a member of the Board appointed under section 55D, including the Chair and the Deputy Chair.

call: a call is made on the OSTF in the circumstances set out in section 50A.

condition, in relation to a provider’s registration, means a condition imposed on the registration under section 10B or subsection 83(3).

course means a course of education or training.

default:

                     (a)  in relation to a registered provider—has the meaning given by section 46A; and

                     (b)  in relation to an overseas student or intending overseas student—has the meaning given by section 47A.

default day, in relation to a default, means:

                     (a)  if subparagraph 46A(1)(a)(i) or paragraph 47A(1)(a) applies—the agreed starting day; or

                     (b)  if subparagraph 46A(1)(a)(ii) applies—the day on which the course ceases to be provided; or

                     (c)  if paragraph 47A(1)(b) applies—the day on which the student withdraws from the course; or

                     (d)  if paragraph 47A(1)(c) applies—the day on which the registered provider of the course refuses to provide, or continue providing, the course to the student.

designated State authority for a provider or registered provider to the extent the provider is an approved school provider means the person responsible under the law of a State for approving (however described) school providers to provide courses to:

                     (a)  if the school provider is located in Tasmania or the Australian Capital Territory—students for that State or Territory; or

                     (b)  otherwise—overseas students for the State (other than Tasmania or the Australian Capital Territory).

document includes a copy of a document.

DSA assessment certificate has the meaning given by subsection 6B(1).

DSA recommendation certificate has the meaning given by subsection 6B(2).

ELICOS means English Language Intensive Course for Overseas Students.

ELICOS Standards has the meaning given by section 176B.

entry to market charge means an entry to market charge imposed under the Education Services for Overseas Students (Registration Charges) Act 1997.

ESOS agency for a provider or registered provider has the meaning given by section 6C.

evidential material means either of the following:

                     (a)  a thing that there are reasonable grounds for suspecting will afford evidence as to the commission or suspected commission of an offence against this Act;

                     (b)  a thing that there are reasonable grounds for suspecting is intended to be used for the purpose of committing any such offence.

exempt provider has the meaning given by section 6D.

first entry to market charge means the first entry to market charge referred to in subsection 6(2) of the Education Services for Overseas Students (Registration Charges) Act 1997.

Foundation Program Standards has the meaning given by section 176C.

high managerial agent of a provider means an employee, agent or officer of the provider with duties of such responsibility that his or her conduct may fairly be assumed to represent the provider in relation to the business of providing courses.

Immigration Minister means any of the Ministers who administer the Migration Act 1958 from time to time.

Immigration Minister’s suspension certificate means a certificate given under Division 2 of Part 6.

Immigration Secretary means the Secretary of the Department administered by the Immigration Minister.

intending overseas student means a person (whether within or outside Australia) who intends to become, or who has taken any steps towards becoming, an overseas student.

internal reviewer means:

                     (a)  the ESOS agency for an affected provider; or

                     (b)  a delegate referred to in paragraph 169AE(1)(b).

late payment penalty means the penalty imposed by section 172.

meets the registration requirements has the meaning giving by section 11.

monitoring purpose means a purpose of determining:

                     (a)  whether a registered provider is complying, or has complied, with:

                              (i)  this Act; or

                             (ii)  the national code; or

                            (iii)  if the ELICOS Standards or Foundation Program Standards apply in relation to the provider—those Standards; or

                     (b)  whether, because of financial difficulty or any other reason, the provider might not be able to:

                              (i)  provide courses to its accepted students; or

                             (ii)  refund amounts to its accepted students under Division 2 of Part 5.

monitoring warrant means a warrant issued under section 138 or subsection 165(2).

national code means the National Code of Practice for Providers of Education and Training to Overseas Students in force under Part 4.

National VET Regulator has the same meaning as in the National Vocational Education and Training Regulator Act 2011.

non‑referring State has the same meaning as in the NVETR Act.

NVETR Act means the National Vocational Education and Training Regulator Act 2011.

NVR registered training organisation has the same meaning as in the NVETR Act.

occupier:

                     (a)  in relation to premises comprising a vehicle or vessel—means the person apparently in charge of the vehicle or vessel; and

                     (b)  in any case—includes a person who apparently represents the occupier.

old ESOS Act means the Education Services for Overseas Students (Registration of Providers and Financial Regulation) Act 1991.

OSTF: see Overseas Students Tuition Fund.

overseas student means a person (whether within or outside Australia) who holds a student visa, but does not include students of a kind prescribed in the regulations.

Overseas Students Tuition Fund means the Overseas Students Tuition Fund established under section 52A.

premises means:

                     (a)  an area of land or any other place, whether or not it is enclosed or built on; or

                     (b)  a building or other structure; or

                     (c)  a vehicle or vessel;

and includes a part of any such premises.

principal executive officer of a provider that is not an individual means the person who has executive responsibility for the operation of the provider.

production notice means a notice given under section 113 or 113A.

provide a course includes participate in providing the course.

provider has the meaning given by section 6E.

provider obligation period, in relation to a default, has the meaning given by section 46D, 47D or 47E (as the case requires).

Register means the Register kept under section 14A.

registered means registered under Part 2.

Note:          Other grammatical forms of the word registered (such as registration) have a corresponding meaning (see section 18A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901).

registered higher education provider has the same meaning as in the TEQSA Act.

registered provider for a course for a location means a provider that is registered to provide the course at the location.

registered training organisation has the same meaning as in the NVETR Act.

registered VET provider means:

                     (a)  an NVR registered training organisation; or

                     (b)  a registered training organisation (other than an NVR registered training organisation) that provides, or seeks to provide, courses to overseas students at locations in a non‑referring State.

reinstatement fee means the fee referred to in section 171.

related person of a provider or registered provider has the meaning given by subsection 7A(3).

relevant individual of a registered provider means:

                     (a)  an officer or employee of the provider; or

                     (b)  a consultant to the provider; or

                     (c)  if the provider is a partnership—a partner in the partnership; or

                     (d)  if the provider is a sole trader—the provider; or

                     (e)  an officer or employee of an administrator or liquidator of the provider or a former registered provider.

resident means:

                     (a)  in the case of a company, a company incorporated in Australia that carries on business in Australia and that has its central management and control in Australia; or

                     (b)  in the case of an unincorporated body, a body that carries on business in Australia and that has its central management and control in Australia.

reviewable decision has the meaning given by section 169AB.

school provider means a person or entity that provides courses of education at a level that, under section 15 of the Australian Education Act 2013, constitutes primary education, or secondary education, for the provider.

search warrant means a warrant issued under section 144 or subsection 165(3).

second entry to market charge means the second entry to market charge referred to in subsection 6(4) of the Education Services for Overseas Students (Registration Charges) Act 1997.

Secretary means the Secretary of the Department.

State includes the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory.

student visa has the meaning given by the regulations.

TEQSA (short for Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency) means the body established by section 132 of the TEQSA Act.

TEQSA Act means the Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency Act 2011.

Territories Minister means the Minister responsible for administering the Christmas Island Act 1958.

third entry to market charge means the third entry to market charge referred to in subsection 6(6) of the Education Services for Overseas Students (Registration Charges) Act 1997.

this Act includes the regulations.

TPS levy means the TPS levy imposed under the Education Services for Overseas Students (TPS Levies) Act 2012.

TPS officer means:

                     (a)  an APS employee in the Department who assists the TPS Director in the performance of the TPS Director’s functions; or

                     (b)  a consultant engaged by the TPS Director under section 54L.

tribunal member means a member of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal.

tuition fees has the meaning given by section 7.

5A  When registered higher education providers are taken to have the principal purpose of providing education

                   For the purposes of paragraphs 11(d) and 83(1C)(a), a registered higher education provider is taken to have the principal purpose of providing education if its principal purpose is either or both of the following:

                     (a)  providing education;

                     (b)  conducting research.

6  Meaning of associate

             (1)  In this Act:

associate of a person means:

                     (a)  the spouse or de facto partner of the person; or

                     (b)  a child of the person, or of the person’s spouse or de facto partner; or

                     (c)  a parent of the person, or of the person’s spouse or de facto partner; or

                     (d)  a sibling of the person; or

                     (e)  if the person is a company:

                              (i)  an officer of the company; or

                             (ii)  an officer of a company that is related to the first‑mentioned company; or

                            (iii)  a person who holds a substantial ownership interest in the company; or

                      (f)  if the person is an association or a co‑operative—the principal executive officer or a member of the body (however described) that governs, manages, or conducts the affairs of the association or co‑operative; or

                     (g)  if the person is a body corporate established for a public purpose by or under an Australian law and another body is responsible for the management or the conduct of the affairs of the body corporate—the principal executive officer or a member of that other body; or

                     (h)  if the person is any other kind of body corporate established for a public purpose by or under an Australian law—the principal executive officer or a member of the body corporate; or

                      (i)  if the person is a partnership:

                              (i)  the principal executive officer or an individual, or a body corporate, that is a member of the partnership; or

                             (ii)  an individual who is an officer of a company, or a member of any other body corporate, that is a member of the partnership.

Related companies

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), the question of whether companies are related to each other is to be determined in the same manner as the question of whether bodies corporate (within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001) are related to each other is determined under section 50 of the Corporations Act 2001.

Substantial ownership interest

             (3)  For the purposes of subsection (1), a person holds a substantial ownership interest in a company if the total of all amounts paid on the shares in the company in which the person holds interests equals or exceeds 15% of the total of all amounts paid on all shares in the company.

Interests in shares

             (4)  For the purposes of subsection (3):

                     (a)  a person holds an interest in a share if the person has any legal or equitable interest in the share; and

                     (b)  without limiting the generality of paragraph (a), a person holds an interest in a share if the person, although not the registered holder of the share, is entitled to exercise, or control the exercise of, a right attached to the share, otherwise than because the person has been appointed as a proxy or representative to vote at a meeting of members of a company or of a class of its members.

Mutual associates

             (5)  If, under this section, one person is an associate of a second person, then the second person is an associate of the first person.

Chains of associates

             (6)  If, under this section:

                     (a)  one person is an associate of a second person (including because of a previous application of this subsection); and

                     (b)  the second person is an associate of a third person;

then the first person is an associate of the third person.

Other definitions

             (7)  In this section:

child: without limiting who is a child of a person for the purposes of this section, someone is the child of a person if he or she is a child of the person within the meaning of the Family Law Act 1975.

de facto partner of a person has the meaning given by the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

parent: without limiting who is a parent of a person for the purposes of this section, someone is the parent of a person if the person is his or her child because of the definition of child in this section.

person includes a provider.

Certain family relationships

             (8)  For the purposes of paragraph (d) of the definition of associate in subsection (1), if one person is the child of another person because of the definition of child in this section, relationships traced to or through the person are to be determined on the basis that the person is the child of the other person.

6A  Meaning of authorised officer

             (1)  The following table sets out who is an authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider:

 

Authorised officer

Item

If the ESOS agency for a registered provider is:

a person is an authorised officer of the agency if:

1

TEQSA

the person is:

(a) a Commissioner (within the meaning of the TEQSA Act); or

(b) the Chief Executive Officer of TEQSA; or

(c) an authorised officer (within the meaning of that Act)

2

the National VET Regulator

the person is:

(a) a Commissioner (within the meaning of the NVETR Act); or

(b) an authorised officer (within the meaning of that Act)

3

the Secretary

the person is appointed under subsection (2)

4

an entity that is not covered by another item of this table

the person is appointed under subsection (3)

             (2)  If the ESOS agency for a registered provider is the Secretary, the agency may, in writing, appoint a person as an authorised officer of the agency if:

                     (a)  the person is an APS employee in the Department; and

                     (b)  the person holds or performs the duties of an APS 5 position or higher, or an equivalent position; and

                     (c)  the agency is satisfied that the person has suitable qualifications and experience.

             (3)  If the ESOS agency for a registered provider is an entity that is covered by item 4 of the table in subsection (1), the agency may, in writing, appoint a person as an authorised officer of the agency if:

                     (a)  the person is an employee or constituent member of the agency; and

                     (b)  the agency is satisfied that the person has suitable qualifications and experience.

6B  Meaning of DSA assessment certificate and DSA recommendation certificate

DSA assessment certificate

             (1)  A DSA assessment certificate is a certificate given by the designated State authority for an approved school provider that:

                     (a)  states that the authority is satisfied that the provider is complying, or will comply, with:

                              (i)  this Act; and

                             (ii)  the national code; and

                            (iii)  if the ELICOS Standards or Foundation Program Standards apply in relation to the provider—those Standards; and

                     (b)  if the provider is not an exempt provider—states that the authority is satisfied that the provider is fit and proper to be registered; and

                     (c)  states that the authority is satisfied that the provider has the principal purpose of providing education; and

                     (d)  states that the authority has no reason to believe that:

                              (i)  the provider does not have the clearly demonstrated capacity to provide education of a satisfactory standard; or

                             (ii)  the provider has not been providing, or will not provide, education of a satisfactory standard; and

                     (e)  recommends the conditions (if any) that should be imposed on the provider’s registration; and

                      (f)  recommends a period not longer than 7 years for which the provider should be registered; and

                     (g)  sets out any other matters prescribed by the regulations.

Note:          The designated State authority must have regard to the matters in subsection 7A(2) in deciding whether it is satisfied that the provider is fit and proper to be registered.

DSA recommendation certificate

             (2)  A DSA recommendation certificate is a certificate given by the designated State authority for an approved school provider that:

                     (a)  recommends that the ESOS agency for the provider should add one or more courses at one or more locations to the provider’s registration; and

                     (b)  recommends the conditions (if any) that should be imposed on the provider’s registration; and

                     (c)  sets out any other matters prescribed by the regulations.

Form of certificates

             (3)  A DSA assessment certificate or DSA recommendation certificate must be in the form approved, in writing, by the ESOS agency for the approved school provider to which the certificate relates.

6C  Meaning of ESOS agency

             (1)  Subject to subsections (3) and (4), the following table sets out the ESOS agency for a provider or registered provider:

 

ESOS agency

Item

To the extent that a provider or registered provider is:

the ESOS agency for the provider or registered provider is:

1

a registered higher education provider

TEQSA

2

a registered VET provider

the National VET Regulator

3

an approved school provider

the Secretary

4

a person or entity that provides an ELICOS or a Foundation Program

the entity determined under subsection (2)

5

a provider or registered provider that is not covered by another item of this table

the entity determined under subsection (2)

             (2)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine that an entity is the ESOS agency for a provider or registered provider covered by item 4 or 5 of the table in subsection (1).

             (3)  If a provider or registered provider is covered by more than one item of the table in subsection (1), the Minister may, by legislative instrument:

                     (a)  determine that one or more entities are the ESOS agencies for the provider; and

                     (b)  specify the circumstances in which each of those entities is the ESOS agency for the provider.

             (4)  If subparagraph 83(2A)(d)(i) or (2B)(d)(i) or paragraph 83(2C)(c) applies in relation to a registered provider, disregard that subparagraph or paragraph in determining the ESOS agency for the provider for the purposes of subsection 83(2A), (2B) or (2C).

6D  Meaning of exempt provider

             (1)  A provider or registered provider is an exempt provider if:

                     (a)  the provider is administered by a State education authority; or

                     (b)  the provider:

                              (i)  is entitled to receive funds under a law of the Commonwealth for recurrent expenditure for the provision of education or training; and

                             (ii)  is not a provider prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this subparagraph; or

                     (c)  the provider is specified in the regulations.

             (2)  To avoid doubt, a private corporate body established in connection with a provider covered by paragraph (1)(a) or (b) is not itself, by virtue of that connection alone, a provider covered by that paragraph.

6E  Meaning of provider

             (1)  A provider is:

                     (a)  a registered higher education provider; or

                     (b)  a registered VET provider; or

                     (c)  an approved school provider; or

                     (d)  a person or entity that provides an ELICOS or a Foundation Program; or

                     (e)  another person or entity (other than a person or entity specified under subsection (2));

that provides, or seeks to provide, courses to overseas students.

             (2)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify a person or entity for the purposes of paragraph (1)(e).

7  Meaning of tuition fees

                   In this Act:

tuition fees:

                     (a)  means fees a provider receives, directly or indirectly, from:

                              (i)  an overseas student or intending overseas student; or

                             (ii)  another person who pays the fees on behalf of an overseas student or intending overseas student;

                            that are directly related to the provision of a course that the provider is providing, or offering to provide, to the student; and

                     (b)  without limiting paragraph (a), includes any classes of fees prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph; and

                     (c)  without limiting paragraph (a), excludes any classes of fees prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph.

7A  Deciding whether a provider or registered provider is fit and proper to be registered etc.

             (1)  This section applies if it is necessary for the purposes of a provision of this Act for:

                     (a)  the ESOS agency for a provider or registered provider to decide whether:

                              (i)  the agency is satisfied, or no longer satisfied, that the provider is fit and proper to be registered; or

                             (ii)  the agency believes on reasonable grounds that the provider is not fit and proper to be registered; or

                     (b)  the designated State authority for a provider or registered provider that is an approved school provider to decide whether the authority is satisfied that the provider is fit and proper to be registered.

             (2)  In deciding the matter, the ESOS agency or designated State authority must have regard to:

                     (a)  whether the provider or a related person of the provider has ever been convicted of an offence; and

                     (b)  whether the registration of the provider or a related person of the provider has ever been cancelled or suspended under this Act or the old ESOS Act; and

                     (c)  whether the provider or a related person of the provider has ever been issued with an Immigration Minister’s suspension certificate; and

                     (d)  whether a condition has ever been imposed under this Act on the registration of the provider or a related person of the provider; and

                     (e)  whether the provider or a related person of the provider has ever:

                              (i)  become bankrupt; or

                             (ii)  taken steps to take the benefit of any law for the relief of bankrupt or insolvent debtors; or

                            (iii)  compounded with one or more creditors of the provider or person; or

                            (iv)  made an assignment of the remuneration of the provider or person for the benefit of one or more creditors of the provider or person; and

                      (f)  whether the provider or a related person of the provider has ever been disqualified from managing corporations under Part 2D.6 of the Corporations Act 2001; and

                     (g)  whether the provider or a related person of the provider was involved in the business of the provision of courses by another provider who is covered by any of the above paragraphs at the time of any of the events that gave rise to the relevant conviction or other action; and

                     (h)  any other relevant matter.

             (3)  A related person of a provider or registered provider is:

                     (a)  an associate of the provider who has been, is or will be, involved in the business of the provision of courses by the provider; or

                     (b)  a high managerial agent of the provider.

             (4)  Nothing in subsection (2) affects the operation of Part VIIC of the Crimes Act 1914 (which deals with spent convictions).

7AA  No duty imposed on designated State authorities

                   Nothing in this Act imposes a duty on a designated State authority.

Division 2Guide to this Act

7B  Guide to this Act

•      This Act regulates providers who provide courses to overseas students.

•      A person who provides a course at a location to an overseas student must be registered to provide that course at that location (or do so in accordance with an arrangement with a provider who is so registered).

•      This Act, the national code, the ELICOS Standards and the Foundation Program Standards impose obligations on registered providers, including obligations relating to record keeping and financial requirements.

•      In particular, there are obligations on registered providers when the provider or an overseas student of the provider defaults, and does not start or finish a course. The provider is required to provide a refund to the student. For a provider default, the provider may instead provide an alternative course for the student at the provider’s expense.

•      If a provider that has defaulted does not discharge its obligations to an overseas student, the TPS Director must provide the student with options for suitable alternative courses (if any such courses are available).

•      In the case of a default, a call is made on the Overseas Students Tuition Fund to pay for alternative courses, or to provide refunds to students, if providers have not already done so.

Part 2Registration of providers

Division 1Guide to this Part

8A  Guide to this Part

•      A person who provides a course at a location to an overseas student must be registered to provide that course at that location (or do so in accordance with an arrangement with a provider who is so registered).

•      Division 2 creates an offence for a person who contravenes that requirement. It is also an offence for a registered provider to offer courses, or hold itself out as able to provide a course, to overseas students without being appropriately registered (or doing so in accordance with an appropriate arrangement).

•      Division 3 provides for the registration of providers by the ESOS agency for a provider. A provider may be registered (for a period of up to 7 years) to provide one or more courses at one or more locations to overseas students if the provider meets the registration requirements. Conditions may be imposed on the registration of a provider and those conditions may be varied or revoked.

•      Division 3 also provides for the renewal of registrations, the addition of one or more courses at one or more locations to a registered provider’s registration and the extension or continuation of registration periods in certain circumstances.

•      Division 4 requires the Secretary to cause a Register to be kept that contains specified information about the registration of all registered providers. The Secretary is also required to ensure that the Register is kept up‑to‑date.

Division 2Offence for providing or promoting a course without a registered provider

8  Offence: providing or promoting a course without a registered provider

             (1)  A person commits an offence if the person:

                     (a)  provides a course at a location to an overseas student; or

                     (b)  makes an offer to an overseas student or an intending overseas student to provide a course at a location to that student; or

                     (c)  invites an overseas student or intending overseas student to undertake, or to apply to undertake, a course at a location; or

                     (d)  holds himself, herself or itself out as able or willing to provide a course at a location to overseas students;

unless:

                     (e)  the person is registered to provide that particular course at that particular location; or

                      (f)  the person does so in accordance with an arrangement that the person has with a registered provider for that particular course for that particular location.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years.

Note 1:       This means that, if 2 or more providers jointly provide a course, then only one of the providers needs to be registered.

Note 2:       However, a provider of a course who is not registered must identify the registered provider in any written material promoting the course (see section 107) and must not engage in misleading or deceptive conduct in relation to the course (see subsection 83(2)).

Note 3:       Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

             (2)  The prosecution bears a legal burden in relation to the matter in paragraph (1)(e) (despite subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in paragraph (1)(f): see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

Defence: surveys etc. to assess demand for a course

             (3)  A person does not commit an offence under paragraph (1)(d) if:

                     (a)  the relevant conduct was only for either or both of the following purposes:

                              (i)  carrying out surveys or other investigations to assess the demand for the course; or

                             (ii)  negotiating with another institution or other body or person in connection with designing or developing the course; and

                     (b)  the person took reasonable steps to ensure that:

                              (i)  overseas students and intending overseas students who were, or might become, interested in undertaking the course; and

                             (ii)  any institution or other body or person who might also provide the course;

                            were aware that:

                            (iii)  the person was not a registered provider for the course for the location; and

                            (iv)  the relevant conduct was not carried out in accordance with an arrangement that the person had with a registered provider for the course for the location; and

                     (c)  the person neither invited nor accepted any amount for the course from overseas students or intending overseas students, or from the students’ agents.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (3): see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

Division 3Registration of providers

Subdivision AApplication for registration

9  Provider may apply to be registered

             (1)  A provider may apply to be registered to provide a course or courses at a location or locations to overseas students.

             (2)  The application must be made to the ESOS agency for the provider.

Note:          See section 11A for further rules about applications.

10  ESOS agency for provider may register provider

             (1)  If a provider makes an application under section 9, the ESOS agency for the provider may register the provider to provide a course or courses at a location or locations if the provider meets the registration requirements.

             (2)  The ESOS agency for the provider must use a risk management approach when considering whether to register the provider.

10A  Notice of registration

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a provider makes an application under section 9; and

                     (b)  the ESOS agency for the provider decides to register the provider;

the agency must, as soon as practicable after making the decision, give the provider written notice of the registration.

             (2)  The notice must set out:

                     (a)  the name of the provider; and

                     (b)  if the provider is not an individual—the name of the principal executive officer of the provider; and

                     (c)  the name of the course or courses that the provider is registered to provide; and

                     (d)  the location or locations at which the provider is registered to provide that course or those courses; and

                     (e)  the period of registration (which must not be longer than 7 years); and

                      (f)  any conditions imposed on the provider’s registration under section 10B at the time of registration and when any such conditions take effect; and

                     (g)  any other matters relating to the registration that the ESOS agency for the provider considers appropriate.

             (3)  If the provider is an approved school provider, the ESOS agency for the provider must, in determining the provider’s period of registration, have regard to the period of registration recommended in the DSA assessment certificate given to the agency by the designated State authority for the provider.

Subdivision BConditions of registration

10B  Conditions of registration

             (1)  The ESOS agency for a provider or registered provider may at any time:

                     (a)  impose a condition on the provider’s registration; or

                     (b)  vary or remove a condition of the provider’s registration.

             (2)  The ESOS agency for the provider or registered provider must use a risk management approach in deciding whether to impose, vary or remove a condition.

             (3)  A condition may be:

                     (a)  imposed generally on a provider’s registration; or

                     (b)  imposed in respect of either or both of the following:

                              (i)  one or more of the courses that a provider is registered to provide;

                             (ii)  one or more of the locations at which a provider is registered to provide a course.

             (4)  If the ESOS agency for a registered provider does either of the following after the commencement of the provider’s registration:

                     (a)  imposes a condition on the provider’s registration;

                     (b)  varies or removes a condition of the provider’s registration;

the agency must include in the notice of the decision given to the provider under section 169AC a statement about when the imposition, variation or removal takes effect.

Note:          Section 169AC requires the ESOS agency to give notice of certain decisions.

10C  Conditions imposed by designated State authorities on the approval of school providers after registration

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a registered provider for a course for a location is an approved school provider; and

                     (b)  at any time while the provider is registered, the designated State authority for the provider imposes a condition on the authority’s approval of the provider that relates to the provision of the course;

the ESOS agency for the provider may impose that condition on the provider’s registration under section 10B.

             (2)  In deciding whether to impose the condition under section 10B, the ESOS agency for the registered provider must have regard to any advice of the designated State authority for the provider.

             (3)  This section does not limit section 10B.

Subdivision CRenewal of registration

10D  Registered provider may apply to renew registration

             (1)  A registered provider may apply to renew the provider’s registration to provide a course or courses at a location or locations to overseas students.

             (2)  The application must be:

                     (a)  made to the ESOS agency for the register provider; and

                     (b)  made within the period determined under subsection (3).

Note:          See section 11A for further rules about applications.

             (3)  The ESOS agency for a registered provider may, by legislative instrument, determine the period within which applications under this section must be made.

10E  ESOS agency for registered provider may renew registration

             (1)  If a registered provider makes an application under section 10D, the ESOS agency for the provider may renew the provider’s registration to provide a course or courses at a location or locations if the provider meets the registration requirements.

             (2)  The ESOS agency for the registered provider must use a risk management approach when considering whether to renew the registration of the provider.

10F  Registration continues until decision on renewal takes effect

                   If:

                     (a)  a registered provider makes an application under section 10D; and

                     (b)  the ESOS agency for the provider has not made a decision on the application before the end of the day on which the provider’s registration is due to expire;

the provider’s registration continues until the agency’s decision on the application is stated to take effect.

10G  Notice of renewal of registration

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a registered provider makes an application under section 10D; and

                     (b)  the ESOS agency for the provider decides to renew the provider’s registration;

the agency must, as soon as practicable after making the decision, give the provider written notice of the renewal.

             (2)  The notice must set out:

                     (a)  the name of the registered provider; and

                     (b)  if the provider is not an individual—the name of the principal executive officer of the provider; and

                     (c)  the name of the course or courses that the provider is registered to provide; and

                     (d)  the location or locations at which the provider is registered to provide that course or those courses; and

                     (e)  the period of registration (which must not be longer than 7 years); and

                      (f)  any conditions imposed on the provider’s registration under section 10B at the time of the renewal of the registration and when any such conditions take effect; and

                     (g)  any other matters relating to the renewal of the registration that the ESOS agency for the provider considers appropriate.

             (3)  If the registered provider is an approved school provider, the ESOS agency for the provider must, in determining the provider’s period of registration, have regard to the period of registration recommended in the DSA assessment certificate given to the agency by the designated State authority for the provider.

Subdivision DChanges to registration etc.

10H  Registered provider may apply to add one or more courses at one or more locations to registration

             (1)  A registered provider may apply to add one or more courses at one or more locations to the provider’s registration.

             (2)  The application:

                     (a)  must be made to the ESOS agency for the registered provider; and

                     (b)  if the provider is an approved school provider—must be accompanied by a DSA recommendation certificate given by the designated State authority for the provider.

Note:          See section 11A for further rules about applications.

10J  ESOS agency for registered provider may add one or more courses at one or more locations to registration

             (1)  If a registered provider makes an application under section 10H to add one or more courses at one or more locations to the provider’s registration, the ESOS agency for the provider may add those courses at those locations to the provider’s registration if the provider meets the registration requirements.

             (2)  The ESOS agency for the registered provider must use a risk management approach when considering whether to add one or more courses at one or more locations to the provider’s registration.

             (3)  If the ESOS agency for the registered provider decides to add one or more courses at one or more locations to the provider’s registration, the addition does not affect the provider’s period of registration.

10K  Notice of addition of one or more courses at one or more locations to registration

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a registered provider makes an application under section 10H; and

                     (b)  the ESOS agency for the provider decides to add one or more courses at one or more locations to the provider’s registration;

the agency must, as soon as practicable after making the decision, give the provider written notice of the decision.

             (2)  The notice must set out:

                     (a)  the name of the additional course or courses that the provider is registered to provide; and

                     (b)  the additional location or locations at which the provider is registered to provide that course or those courses; and

                     (c)  any conditions imposed on the provider’s registration under section 10B at the time of the decision and when any such conditions take effect; and

                     (d)  any other matters relating to the decision that the ESOS agency for the provider considers appropriate.

10L  Extension of a registered provider’s period of registration

             (1)  The ESOS agency for a registered provider that is a registered higher education provider may extend the provider’s period of registration for the purpose of aligning the period with the provider’s period of registration under the TEQSA Act.

             (2)  The ESOS agency for a registered provider that is a registered VET provider may extend the provider’s period of registration for the purpose of aligning the period with the provider’s period of registration under the NVETR Act.

             (3)  The ESOS agency for a registered provider that is an approved school provider may extend the provider’s period of registration for the purpose of aligning the period with the provider’s period of approval as an approved school provider.

             (4)  The ESOS agency for a registered provider must not extend a particular period of registration under subsection (1), (2) or (3) more than once.

             (5)  The ESOS agency for a registered provider must use a risk management approach when considering whether to extend the provider’s period of registration.

10M  Continuation of registration if provider has not finished providing course before expiry of registration

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a registered provider is registered to provide a course at a location; and

                     (b)  the provider’s registration for the course at the location is due to expire before the provider has finished providing the course at the location; and

                     (c)  the provider has not applied under section 10D to renew that registration.

             (2)  The registered provider’s registration for the course at the location continues until:

                     (a)  if the provider is an approved school provider—the end of the year in which the provider’s registration would have expired but for this section; or

                     (b)  otherwise—the provider has finished providing the course at the location to the students who were enrolled in, and had commenced, the course before the day on which the provider’s registration would have expired but for this section.

             (3)  Despite subsection (2), the registered provider must not do anything for the purpose of recruiting or enrolling overseas students, or intending overseas students, for the course at the location after the day on which the provider’s registration would have expired but for this section.

Subdivision EOther registration provisions

11  When a provider or registered provider meets the registration requirements

                   A provider or registered provider meets the registration requirements if:

                     (a)  the provider is:

                              (i)  a resident; or

                             (ii)  a Table C provider (within the meaning of the Higher Education Support Act 2003); and

                     (b)  the ESOS agency for the provider is satisfied that the provider is complying, or will comply, with:

                              (i)  this Act; and

                             (ii)  the national code; and

                            (iii)  if the ELICOS Standards or Foundation Program Standards apply in relation to the provider—those Standards; and

                     (c)  if the provider is not an exempt provider—the ESOS agency for the provider is satisfied that the provider is fit and proper to be registered; and

                     (d)  the ESOS agency for the provider is satisfied that the provider has the principal purpose of providing education; and

                     (e)  the ESOS agency for the provider has no reason to believe that:

                              (i)  the provider does not have the clearly demonstrated capacity to provide education of a satisfactory standard; or

                             (ii)  the provider has not been providing, or will not provide, education of a satisfactory standard; and

                      (f)  if the provider is an approved school provider—the designated State authority for the provider has given the ESOS agency for the provider a DSA assessment certificate; and

                     (g)  if the provider is not a registered provider—the provider has paid:

                              (i)  the first entry to market charge (if the provider is liable to pay that charge); and

                             (ii)  its first TPS levy; and

                     (h)  if the provider is a registered provider or has previously been registered—the provider is not liable to pay an amount of:

                              (i)  annual registration charge; or

                             (ii)  the second entry to market charge; or

                            (iii)  the third entry to market charge; or

                            (iv)  TPS levy; or

                             (v)  late payment penalty for any such charge or levy; and

                      (i)  any other requirements prescribed by the regulations are satisfied.

Note 1:       For when a registered higher education provider has the principal purpose of providing education, see section 5A.

Note 2:       For when a provider is liable to pay the entry to market charges, see section 6 of the Education Services for Overseas Students (Registration Charges) Act 1997.

11A  Rules relating to applications for registration etc.

             (1)  This section applies in relation to:

                     (a)  an application made to the ESOS agency for a provider under section 9; and

                     (b)  an application made to the ESOS agency for a registered provider under section 10D or 10H.

Form of application etc.

             (2)  The application must be:

                     (a)  made in the form approved, in writing, by the ESOS agency for the provider or registered provider; and

                     (b)  accompanied by any information and documents required by the agency.

Withdrawal of application

             (3)  The provider or registered provider may withdraw the application at any time before a decision is made on the application by giving written notice to the ESOS agency for the provider.

Consideration of application

             (4)  When considering the application, the ESOS agency for the provider or registered provider may:

                     (a)  consider any information in the possession of the agency that is relevant to the application; and

                     (b)  conduct an audit of any matter relating to the application.

             (5)  Subsection (4) does not limit the things that the ESOS agency for the provider or registered provider may do when considering the application.

11B  ESOS agency may request further information or documents

             (1)  This section applies in relation to:

                     (a)  an application made to the ESOS agency for a provider under section 9; and

                     (b)  an application made to the ESOS agency for a registered provider under section 10D or 10H.

             (2)  If the ESOS agency for the provider or registered provider needs further information or documents to decide the application, the agency may request any or all of the following to give the agency the further information or documents:

                     (a)  the provider;

                     (b)  if the provider is an approved school provider—the designated State authority for the provider;

                     (c)  another ESOS agency.

             (3)  The request:

                     (a)  must be made in writing; and

                     (b)  must specify the period within which the further information or documents are to be given (which must be at least 14 days after the request is made); and

                     (c)  contain a statement setting out the effect of subsection (4).

             (4)  The ESOS agency for the provider or registered provider may decline to consider, or further consider, the application until the further information or documents are given.

11C  Copies of decision notices to be given by the ESOS agency

Notice of registration etc.

             (1)  If the ESOS agency for a provider or registered provider gives the provider a notice under section 10A, 10G or 10K, the agency must give a copy of the notice to:

                     (a)  if the provider is an approved school provider—the designated State authority for the provider; and

                     (b)  if the ESOS agency for the provider is not the Secretary—the Secretary.

Notice of refusal to register an approved school provider

             (2)  If the ESOS agency for a provider that is an approved school provider refuses to register the provider under section 10, the agency must give a copy of the notice of the decision given to the provider under section 169AC to the designated State authority for the provider.

Notice of registration conditions etc.

             (3)  If the ESOS agency for a registered provider:

                     (a)  imposes a condition on, or varies or removes a condition of, the provider’s registration under section 10B after the commencement of the registration; or

                     (b)  refuses to renew the provider’s registration under section 10E; or

                     (c)  refuses to add one or more courses at one or more locations to the provider’s registration under section 10J; or

                     (d)  extends the provider’s period of registration under section 10L;

the agency must give a copy of the notice of the decision given to the provider under section 169AC to:

                     (e)  if the provider is an approved school provider—the designated State authority for the provider; and

                      (f)  if the ESOS agency for the provider is not the Secretary—the Secretary.

Note:          Section 169AC requires the ESOS agency to give notice of certain decisions.

12  Entry to market charges

             (1)  The Secretary must give a written notice to each provider who is liable to pay an entry to market charge stating the amount of the charge.

Note 1:       A provider is liable to pay 3 entry to market charges under section 6 of the Education Services for Overseas Students (Registration Charges) Act 1997. A provider must pay the first entry to market charge before the provider can be registered: see subparagraph 11(g)(i) of this Act.

Note 2:       For the amounts of the entry to market charges, see sections 6 and 7 of the Education Services for Overseas Students (Registration Charges) Act 1997.

             (2)  The Secretary must give the notice:

                     (a)  for the first entry to market charge—before the provider is registered; and

                     (b)  for the second entry to market charge or third entry to market charge—at least 30 days before the time at which the charge becomes due for payment.

Note:          For when the charges become due for payment, see section 6 of the Education Services for Overseas Students (Registration Charges) Act 1997.

             (3)  A provider is still required to pay an entry to market charge despite a failure to comply with this section.

13  TPS Director may require information

             (1)  The TPS Director may request a provider who is not yet registered to give the TPS Director information that is relevant to determining the provider’s amount of TPS levy at any time before the provider is registered.

Note:          A person could commit an offence if the person provides false or misleading information in complying or purporting to comply with this section: see section 108.

             (2)  The TPS Director does not have to determine the amount of the provider’s TPS levy under section 53A until the provider complies with the request.

14  Notifying designated State authorities for approved school providers of non‑compliance with this Act etc.

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  an approved school provider applies for registration under section 9; and

                     (b)  the ESOS agency for the provider has information suggesting that:

                              (i)  the provider is not complying, or will not comply, with this Act or the national code; or

                             (ii)  if the ELICOS Standards or Foundation Program Standards apply in relation to the provider—the provider is not complying, or will not comply, with those Standards; or

                            (iii)  the provider does not have the principal purpose of providing education; or

                            (iv)  the provider does not have the clearly demonstrated capacity to provide education of a satisfactory standard; or

                             (v)  the provider has not been providing, or will not provide, education of a satisfactory standard; and

                     (c)  the source of the information is not the designated State authority for the provider.

             (2)  Before deciding the application for registration, the ESOS agency must:

                     (a)  give the information to the designated State authority; and

                     (b)  allow the authority at least 7 days to respond, in writing, to the information.

Division 4The Register

14A  The Register

             (1)  The Secretary must cause a Register to be kept for the purposes of this Act.

             (2)  The Register is called the Commonwealth Register of Institutions and Courses for Overseas Students.

             (3)  The Secretary may cause the contents of all or part of the Register to be made available to the public by electronic or other means.

Contents of the Register

             (4)  The Secretary must cause the following information to be entered on the Register in relation to each provider’s registration:

                     (a)  the name of each provider who is registered;

                     (b)  the name of each course which the provider is registered to provide, and each location at which the provider is registered to provide that course;

                     (c)  if the provider is not an individual—the name of the principal executive officer of the provider;

                     (d)  a unique identifier allocated to the provider;

                     (e)  a unique identifier allocated to each course at each location for which the provider is registered;

                     (g)  the period of the provider’s registration;

                     (h)  any conditions of the provider’s registration and when any such conditions take effect;

                      (i)  any other matters prescribed by the regulations.

             (5)  The Secretary may cause any other information he or she considers appropriate to be entered on the Register in relation to a provider’s registration.

14B  Updating the Register

             (1)  The Secretary must ensure that the Register is kept up‑to‑date.

             (2)  Without limiting subsection (1), the Secretary must cause the Register to be altered appropriately if:

                     (a)  a provider’s registration is suspended or cancelled for any one or more courses for any one or more locations; or

                     (b)  a provider’s registration has a condition imposed on it; or

                     (c)  a provider’s registration has a suspension or condition removed, or a condition varied; or

                     (d)  a provider applies for review of a decision to suspend or cancel, or to impose a condition on, the provider’s registration.

Note:          The Register can also be updated under section 103 (Immigration Minister’s suspension certificate).

             (3)  However, a failure to keep the Register up‑to‑date does not affect the validity of any action referred to in subsection (2).

Part 3Obligations on registered providers

Division 1AGuide to this Part

15A  Guide to this Part

•      A registered provider has obligations under this Part.

•      Division 1 contains general obligations on registered providers. For example, a registered provider must not engage in misleading or deceptive conduct when recruiting or providing courses to overseas students. Other obligations relate to notification, record keeping and financial requirements.

•      Division 2 deals with tuition fees. In general, a registered provider must not receive more than 50% of the total tuition fees for a course before an overseas student begins the course. The provider must keep those fees in a separate account.

•      Enforcement action (such as imposing conditions, or suspending or cancelling a registration) can be taken under Part 6 in relation to a registered provider who breaches this Part.

Division 1General obligations

15  Registered providers must not engage in misleading or deceptive conduct

                   A registered provider must not engage in misleading or deceptive conduct in connection with:

                     (a)  the recruitment of overseas students or intending overseas students; or

                     (b)  the provision of courses to overseas students.

Note:          If a registered provider breaches this section, the ESOS agency for the provider may take action under Division 1 of Part 6 against the provider.

16  Only Australian residents and Table C providers may be registered

                   A registered provider must be:

                     (a)  a resident of Australia; or

                     (b)  a Table C provider (within the meaning of the Higher Education Support Act 2003).

Note:          If a registered provider breaches this section, the ESOS agency for the provider may take action under Division 1 of Part 6 against the provider.

17  Registered providers must notify their ESOS agency of offences etc. by associates and high managerial agents

             (1)  A registered provider must tell the ESOS agency for the provider as soon as practicable if the provider becomes aware that an associate or high managerial agent of the provider:

                     (a)  has been convicted of an offence under this Act or the old ESOS Act at any time during the last 5 years; or

                     (b)  has ever had the associate’s or agent’s registration cancelled or suspended for any one or more courses for any one or more locations under this Act or the old ESOS Act; or

                     (c)  has ever had an Immigration Minister’s suspension certificate issued in respect of the associate or agent; or

                     (d)  has ever had a condition imposed on the associate’s or agent’s registration under this Act; or

                     (e)  was involved in the provision of a course by another provider who is covered by paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (d) at the time of any of the events that gave rise to the relevant prosecution or other action.

Note:          If a registered provider breaches this section, the ESOS agency for the provider may take action under Division 1 of Part 6 against the provider.

No effect on Part VIIC of the Crimes Act

             (2)  Nothing in subsection (1) affects the operation of Part VIIC of the Crimes Act 1914 (which, in certain cases, relieves persons from any requirement to disclose spent convictions).

18  Payments to providers

             (1)  If a registered provider for a course enters into an arrangement with one or more other providers to provide the course jointly, the arrangement must:

                     (a)  be such that the students pay their tuition fees to the registered provider and not directly to the other providers; or

                     (b)  both:

                              (i)  be in writing; and

                             (ii)  provide for the receipt and disbursement of any tuition fees paid by students directly to any of the other providers.

          (1A)  However, for the purpose of determining the registered provider’s obligations under this Act, any tuition fees paid by students directly to any of the other providers is taken to have been paid directly to the registered provider.

Note:          If a registered provider breaches this section, the ESOS agency for the provider may take action under Division 1 of Part 6 against the provider.

19  Giving information about accepted students

             (1)  A registered provider must give the following information within the applicable number of days after the event specified below occurs:

                     (a)  the name and any other prescribed details of each person who becomes an accepted student of that provider;

                     (b)  for each person who becomes an accepted student—the name, starting day and expected duration of the course for which the student is accepted;

                     (c)  the prescribed information about an accepted student who does not begin his or her course when expected;

                     (d)  any termination of an accepted student’s studies (whether as a result of action by the student or the provider or otherwise) before the student’s course is completed;

                     (e)  any change in the identity or duration of an accepted student’s course;

                      (f)  any other prescribed matter relating to accepted students.

          (1A)  The applicable number of days is:

                     (a)  if the accepted student is less than 18 years old and the information is of a kind referred to in paragraph (1)(c) or (d)—14 days; or

                     (b)  otherwise—31 days.

             (2)  A registered provider must give particulars of any breach by an accepted student of a prescribed condition of a student visa as soon as practicable after the breach occurs.

          (2A)  A registered provider must give particulars of a breach by a student under subsection (2) even if the student has ceased to be an accepted student of the provider.

             (3)  A registered provider must give the information required by this section by entering the information in the computer system established by the Secretary under section 109.

Note 1:       If a registered provider breaches this section, the ESOS agency for the provider may take action under Division 1 of Part 6 against the provider.

Note 2:       It is an offence to provide false or misleading information in complying or purporting to comply with this section: see section 108.

Unincorporated registered providers

             (4)  If the registered provider is an unincorporated body, then it is instead the principal executive officer of the provider who must give the information as required under this section.

             (5)  A registered provider, or the principal executive officer of a registered provider that is an unincorporated body, who fails to comply with this section commits an offence.

Penalty:  60 penalty units.

             (6)  An offence under subsection (5) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

20  Sending students notice of visa breaches

             (1)  Subject to subsection (4A), a registered provider must send an accepted student of the provider a written notice if the student has breached a prescribed condition of a student visa.

Note 1:       If a registered provider breaches this section, the ESOS agency for the provider may take action under Division 1 of Part 6 against the provider.

Note 2:       It is an offence to provide false or misleading information in complying or purporting to comply with this section: see section 108.

          (1A)  A registered provider must send a notice to a student under subsection (1) even if the student has ceased to be an accepted student of the provider.

             (2)  The registered provider must send the notice as soon as practicable after the breach.

             (3)  The notice must be in a form approved by the Secretary of the Immigration Minister’s Department.

             (4)  The notice must:

                     (a)  contain particulars of the breach; and

                     (b)  state that the student is required to attend in person before an officer (within the meaning of the Migration Act 1958) at a specified place within 28 days after the day specified in the notice as the date of the notice, for the purpose of making any submissions about the breach and the circumstances that led to the breach; and

                     (c)  state that the student must present photographic identification when so attending; and

                     (d)  set out the effect of sections 137J and 137K of that Act.

          (4A)  A registered provider must not send a notice under subsection (1) on or after the day this subsection commences.

Unincorporated registered providers

             (5)  If the registered provider is an unincorporated body, then it is instead the principal executive officer of the provider who must send the notice as required under this section.

             (6)  A registered provider, or the principal executive officer of a registered provider that is an unincorporated body, who fails to comply with this section commits an offence.

Penalty:  60 penalty units.

             (7)  An offence under subsection (6) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

21  Record keeping

Records of students’ details

             (1)  A registered provider must keep records of each accepted student who is enrolled with the provider or who has paid any tuition fees for a course provided by the provider.

             (2)  The records must consist of the following details for each accepted student:

                     (a)  the student’s current residential address;

                     (b)  the student’s mobile phone number (if any);

                     (c)  the student’s email address (if any);

                     (d)  any other details prescribed by the regulations.

          (2A)  A registered provider must have a procedure to ensure that, at least every 6 months, while the student remains an accepted student of the provider:

                     (a)  the provider confirms, in writing, the details referred to in subsection (2) with the student; and

                     (b)  the records are updated accordingly.

Records of assessment

          (2B)  If:

                     (a)  an accepted student of a registered provider completes a unit of study for a course; and

                     (b)  the student’s progress in that unit is assessed;

the provider must record the outcome of the student’s assessment for the unit.

          (2C)  A record under subsection (2B) must be:

                     (a)  kept in accordance with any requirements prescribed by the regulations; and

                     (b)  kept up‑to‑date.

Retention of records

             (3)  The provider must retain records kept under this section for at least 2 years after the person ceases to be an accepted student. However, the records do not need to be kept up‑to‑date after the cessation.

Note:          If a registered provider breaches this section, the ESOS agency for the provider may take action under Division 1 of Part 6 against the provider.

Unincorporated registered providers

             (4)  If the registered provider is an unincorporated body, then it is instead the principal executive officer who must keep and retain the records as required under this section.

Offence

             (5)  A registered provider, or the principal executive officer of a registered provider that is an unincorporated body, who fails to comply with this section commits an offence.

Penalty:  60 penalty units.

             (6)  An offence under subsection (5) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

21A  Obligations relating to the agents of registered providers

             (1)  A registered provider must:

                     (a)  maintain a list of all the provider’s agents; and

                     (b)  publish that list:

                              (i)  on its website; and

                             (ii)  in any other manner prescribed by the regulations; and

                     (c)  comply with any requirements of regulations made for the purposes of subsection (2).

Note:          If a registered provider breaches this section, the ESOS agency for the provider may take action under Division 1 of Part 6 against the provider.

          (1A)  A registered provider who fails to comply with subsection (1) commits an offence.

Penalty:  60 penalty units.

          (1B)  An offence under subsection (1A) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (2)  The regulations may prescribe requirements that registered providers must comply with in relation to their agents.

23  Annual registration charge

             (1)  A registered provider who is liable to pay an annual registration charge for a year must pay the charge by the last business day of February of the year.

Note:          A registered provider is liable for an annual registration charge: see section 5 of the Education Services for Overseas Students (Registration Charges) Act 1997.

             (2)  If the registered provider does not comply with subsection (1), the Secretary must give the provider a written notice that:

                     (a)  specifies the amount of the annual registration charge that the provider is liable to pay; and

                     (b)  states that the provider must pay that amount, and the late payment penalty for the charge, by the end of the seventh day after the notice is given to the provider; and

                     (c)  sets out the effect of section 90.

Note:          Section 90 provides that the provider’s registration is automatically suspended if the provider does not comply with the notice.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  the registered provider does not comply with the notice; and

                     (b)  the Secretary is not the ESOS agency for the provider;

the Secretary must notify the ESOS agency for the provider of the failure.

23A  Second and third entry to market charges

             (1)  A registered provider who is liable to pay the second entry to market charge must pay the charge by the end of the day referred to in subsection 6(5) of the Education Services for Overseas Students (Registration Charges) Act 1997.

             (2)  A registered provider who is liable to pay the third entry to market charge must pay the charge by the end of the day referred to in subsection 6(7) of the Education Services for Overseas Students (Registration Charges) Act 1997.

             (3)  If the registered provider does not comply with subsection (1) or (2) of this section, the Secretary must give the provider a written notice that:

                     (a)  specifies the amount of the second entry to market charge or third entry to market charge that the provider is liable to pay; and

                     (b)  states that the provider must pay that amount, and the late payment penalty for the charge, by the end of the seventh day after the notice is given to the provider; and

                     (c)  sets out the effect of section 90.

Note:          Section 90 provides that the provider’s registration is automatically suspended if the provider does not comply with the notice.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the registered provider does not comply with the notice; and

                     (b)  the Secretary is not the ESOS agency for the provider;

the Secretary must notify the ESOS agency for the provider of the failure.

24  TPS levies

             (1)  A registered provider must pay a TPS levy for each calendar year.

Note:          Subdivision B of Division 2 of Part 5A, and the Education Services for Overseas Students (TPS Levies) Act 2012, have details about how amounts of TPS levy are determined.

             (2)  A registered provider who is required to pay an amount of TPS levy for a calendar year must pay it to the TPS Director by the day stated in the notice that the TPS Director gives the provider under section 53B.

Note:          If a registered provider breaches this section, the ESOS agency for the provider may take action under Division 1 of Part 6 against the provider.

26  Disclosure obligations of registered providers

             (1)  A registered provider who is required to pay a TPS levy for a year must tell the TPS Director as soon as practicable of any matter that might cause the TPS Director to increase the amount of levy the provider would be required to pay for that or a later year.

             (2)  The obligation in subsection (1) continues to apply even after the registered provider has paid its TPS levy for the year.

TPS Director may request information

             (3)  At any time, the TPS Director may request a registered provider to give the TPS Director information that is relevant to determining the provider’s amount of TPS levy. The provider must comply with the request.

Note 1:       If a registered provider breaches this section, the ESOS agency for the provider may take action under Division 1 of Part 6 against the provider.

Note 2:       It is an offence to provide false or misleading information in complying or purporting to comply with this section: see section 108.

Division 2Tuition fees

27  Tuition fees

             (1)  A registered provider must not receive, in respect of an overseas student or intending overseas student, more than 50% of the student’s total tuition fees for a course before the student has begun the course.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if:

                     (a)  either of the following choose to pay more than 50% of the overseas student’s, or intending overseas student’s, total tuition fees for a course before the student has begun the course:

                              (i)  the student;

                             (ii)  a person who is responsible for paying those fees; or

                     (b)  the course has a duration of 25 weeks or less.

28  Obligation for registered provider to maintain account

Requirement to maintain account

             (1)  A registered provider who receives, in respect of an overseas student or intending overseas student, tuition fees for a course before the student has begun the course must maintain an account in accordance with this section.

Note:          Providers covered by section 31 are not required to comply with this section.

Account to be maintained with an Australian ADI

             (2)  The account must be maintained with an Australian ADI (within the meaning of section 9 of the Corporations Act 2001).

29  Obligations in relation to account money

Tuition fees received before course begins to be paid to credit of account

             (1)  A registered provider who receives, in respect of an overseas student or intending overseas student, tuition fees for a course before the student has begun the course must pay the fees to the credit of an account maintained in accordance with section 28.

Note:          Providers covered by section 31 are not required to comply with this section.

             (2)  The provider must pay the fees into the account within 5 business days of receiving the fees.

Note:          For the definition of business day, see section 2B of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

Requirement in relation to withdrawing money from account

             (3)  The provider must ensure that, at all times, there is a sufficient amount (the protected amount) standing to the credit of the account to repay all tuition fees to every overseas student or intending overseas student (a relevant student):

                     (a)  in respect of whom tuition fees have been paid to the provider; and

                     (b)  who has not yet begun the course that the provider is to provide to the student.

             (4)  An amount may be withdrawn from the account, so as to reduce the balance of the account below the protected amount, only if:

                     (a)  the amount is withdrawn to pay a refund under section 46D, 47D or 47E to, or in relation to, a relevant student; or

                     (b)  both of the following apply:

                              (i)  the provider arranges, under section 46D, for a relevant student to be offered a place in an alternative course at the provider’s expense;

                             (ii)  the amount is withdrawn to pay the alternative provider in relation to the relevant student; or

                     (c)  the amount is withdrawn to pay the TPS Director under section 50C in relation to the relevant student.

Note 1:       Tuition fees of a relevant student cease to be part of the protected amount (and may therefore be withdrawn from the account) once the student begins the course that the provider is to provide to the student: see subsection (3).

Note 2:       There are no limits on withdrawals from the account as long as the balance of the account remains above the protected amount.

             (5)  An amount withdrawn in accordance with subsection (4) must not be more than the amount of the tuition fees received by the provider in respect of the relevant student before the student begins the course.

Account money not available for payment of debts etc.

             (6)  To avoid doubt, the protected amount:

                     (a)  is not available for the payment of a debt of any creditor of the provider, other than as referred to in subsection (4); and

                     (b)  is not liable to be attached or taken in execution under the order or process of a court at the instance of any creditor of the provider, other than as referred to in subsection (4).

30  Regulations

                   The regulations may provide additional requirements in relation to:

                     (a)  tuition fees for a course received by a provider, in respect of an overseas student or intending overseas student, before the student has begun the course; or

                     (b)  accounts maintained under this Division.

Note:          Providers covered by section 31 are not required to comply with regulations made under this section.

31  Exemption from requirement

                   The following kinds of provider are exempt from the requirements in sections 28 and 29 and in regulations made under section 30:

                     (a)  a provider that is administered by a State education authority;

                     (b)  any other provider that is entitled to receive funds under a law of the Commonwealth for recurrent expenditure for the provision of education or training, other than one excluded by the regulations from the scope of this paragraph;

                     (c)  any other provider specified in the regulations.

To avoid doubt, any private corporate body established in connection with a provider covered by paragraph (a) or (b) of this section is not itself, by virtue of that connection alone, a provider covered by that paragraph.

32  Offence

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  the person is a registered provider; or

                             (ii)  if the registered provider is an unincorporated body—the person is the principal executive officer of the provider; and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the conduct contravenes a requirement of section 28 or 29; and

                     (d)  the provider is not covered by section 31.

Penalty:  60 penalty units.

             (2)  To avoid doubt, subsection (1) does not apply if a person contravenes a requirement of regulations made under section 30.

             (3)  Subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Part 4The national code

Division 1Guide to this Part

33A  Guide to this Part

•      The Minister makes a national code under this Part.

•      The purpose of the national code is to provide nationally consistent standards and procedures for registered providers and persons who deliver educational services on behalf of such providers.

•      Enforcement action (such as imposing conditions, or suspending or cancelling a registration) can be taken under Part 6 in relation to a registered provider who breaches the code.

Division 2The national code

33  The national code

             (1)  The Minister may make a national code by legislative instrument.

Note:          The Minister may amend the national code by legislative instrument: see subsection 33(3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (2)  The code is to be called the National Code of Practice for Providers of Education and Training to Overseas Students.

             (3)  The Minister must ensure as far as practicable that there is a national code in force at all times.

34  Purpose of the national code

                   The purpose of the national code is to provide nationally consistent standards and procedures for registered providers and persons who deliver educational services on behalf of registered providers.

38  Contents of the national code

                   The national code must contain some or all of the following:

                     (b)  standards and procedures required of registered providers in providing courses to overseas students;

                     (d)  standards required of registered providers in connection with their dealings with their agents;

                     (e)  standards required of a registered provider of a course in connection with the provider’s dealings with other providers of the course;

                     (g)  standards and procedures required of registered providers in making agreements with overseas students or intending overseas students;

                     (h)  standards required of the content of such agreements;

                      (i)  any other matters that are necessary or convenient to give effect to the purpose of the national code.

40  Legal effects of the national code

                   The only legal effects of the national code are the effects that this Act expressly provides for.

Note:          This Act provides that compliance with the national code is a prerequisite for registration (see section 11) and that sanctions under Division 1 of Part 6 may be imposed on a registered provider who breaches the national code.

41  Notification of the national code

             (1)  The Secretary must give each registered provider written notice of:

                     (a)  the making or amendment of the national code; and

                     (b)  the day on which the code or amendment takes effect for the provider; and

                     (c)  the way in which the provider can get access to the text of the code in force on that day.

             (2)  A notice given under subsection (1) is not a legislative instrument.

             (3)  However, a breach of this section does not affect the validity of the national code or an amendment of the code.

44  Regulations may prescribe penalties

             (1)  The regulations may make it an offence to breach prescribed provisions of the national code.

             (2)  The offence must be punishable by a fine of no more than 10 penalty units.

Part 5Tuition protection service

Division 1Guide to this Part

45  Guide to this Part

•      This Part sets out what happens when a registered provider or an overseas student or intending overseas student defaults (that is, when a provider fails to start or finish providing a course to a student, or a student fails to start or finish a course with a provider).

•      Division 2 sets out the obligation on registered providers to provide refunds to students. In the case of a provider default, a registered provider may instead provide alternative courses for the students at the provider’s expense.

•      If a provider defaults and fails to discharge its obligations to a student under Division 2, then, under Division 3, the TPS Director must provide the student with options for suitable alternative courses (if any such courses are available).

•      Under Division 4, payments can be made out of the Overseas Students Tuition Fund to refund students, and to reimburse providers who provide students with alternative courses, when a provider has failed to discharge its obligations. (This is called making a call on the OSTF.)

Division 2Obligations on registered providers when a provider or student defaults

Subdivision AProvider defaults

46A  When a registered provider defaults

             (1)  A registered provider defaults, in relation to an overseas student or intending overseas student and a course at a location, if:

                     (a)  either of the following occurs:

                              (i)  the provider fails to start to provide the course to the student at the location on the agreed starting day;

                             (ii)  the course ceases to be provided to the student at the location at any time after it starts but before it is completed; and

                     (b)  the student has not withdrawn before the default day.

Note:          For an exception to this rule, see subsection (3).

             (2)  To avoid doubt, a registered provider defaults if the provider is prevented from providing a course at a location because a sanction has been imposed on the provider under Part 6.

Ceasing to provide courses

             (3)  A registered provider does not default, in relation to an overseas student or intending overseas student and a course at a location, if the provider fails to start to provide the course, or the course ceases to be provided, to the student because the student defaults in relation to the course under paragraph 47A(1)(c).

             (4)  If a registered provider for a course for a location has changed to become an entity of a different kind, the ESOS agency for the provider may notify the provider in writing that the course is not taken, for the purposes of subparagraph (1)(a)(ii) of this section, to have ceased to be provided at the location merely because of the change. The notice has effect accordingly.

             (5)  In deciding whether to give the notice, the ESOS agency for the registered provider must have regard to:

                     (a)  the effect of the change on the delivery of courses and outcomes for students; and

                     (b)  any advice provided by another ESOS agency; and

                     (c)  if the provider is an approved school provider—any advice of the State designated authority for the provider.

46B  Registered providers to notify of provider default

             (1)  A registered provider must give notices in accordance with this section if the provider defaults in relation to one or more overseas students or intending overseas students and a course at a location.

Note:          If a registered provider breaches this section, the ESOS agency for the provider may take action under Division 1 of Part 6 against the provider.

Notifying the ESOS agency and TPS Director

             (2)  The provider must notify, in writing, the ESOS agency for the provider and the TPS Director of the default within 3 business days of the default occurring.

Note:          For the definition of business day, see section 2B of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (3)  The notice must include the following:

                     (a)  the circumstances of the default;

                     (b)  the details of the students in relation to whom the provider has defaulted;

                     (c)  advice as to:

                              (i)  whether the provider intends to discharge its obligations to those students under section 46D; and

                             (ii)  (if appropriate) how the provider intends to discharge those obligations.

Notifying students

             (4)  The provider must also notify, in writing, of the default the students in relation to whom the provider has defaulted.

Notice requirements

             (5)  A notice given under subsection (2) or (4) must comply with any requirements of a legislative instrument made under subsection (6).

Legislative instrument

             (6)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify requirements for a notice given under this section.

Former registered providers

             (7)  This section continues to apply to a provider if the provider ceases to be a registered provider.

46D  Obligations on registered providers in case of provider default

             (1)  This section applies if a registered provider defaults in relation to an overseas student or intending overseas student and a course at a location.

             (2)  The provider must discharge its obligations to the student, in accordance with subsection (3), within the period (the provider obligation period) of 14 days after the default day.

Note:          For the consequences of breaching this section, see section 46E (offence), Divisions 3 (student placement service) and 4 (calls on the OSTF), and Division 1 of Part 6 (conditions, suspension and cancellation).

             (3)  The provider discharges its obligations to the student if:

                     (a)  both of the following apply:

                              (i)  the provider arranges for the student to be offered a place in a course in accordance with subsection (4);

                             (ii)  the student accepts the offer in writing; or

                     (b)  the provider provides a refund in accordance with subsection (6).

Arranging alternative courses

             (4)  The provider may arrange for the student to be offered a place in an alternative course at the provider’s expense.

             (5)  The student may accept, in writing, the offer under subsection (4).

Providing a refund

             (6)  The provider may pay the student a refund of the amount, worked out in accordance with any legislative instrument made under subsection (7), of any unspent tuition fees received by the provider in respect of the student.

Note:          For providers who are required to maintain an account in accordance with section 28, the refund might be paid out of the account: see section 29.

             (7)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify a method for working out the amount of unspent tuition fees for the purposes of subsection (6).

Former registered providers

             (8)  This section continues to apply to a provider if the provider ceases to be a registered provider.

46E  Offence for failure to discharge obligations

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  the person is a registered provider; or

                             (ii)  if a registered provider is an unincorporated body—the person is the principal executive officer of the provider; and

                     (b)  the person defaults in relation to an overseas student or intending overseas student and a course at a location; and

                     (c)  the person fails to discharge its obligations to the student in accordance with section 46D (whether or not the provider is still a registered provider at that time).

Penalty:  60 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence under subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (3)  The maximum penalty for each day that an offence under subsection (1) continues is 10% of the maximum penalty that can be imposed in respect of that offence.

Note:          Subsection (1) is a continuing offence under section 4K of the Crimes Act 1914.

46F  Registered providers to notify of outcome of discharge of obligations

             (1)  A registered provider that defaults, in relation to one or more overseas students or intending overseas students and a course at a location, must give a notice in accordance with this section.

Note:          If a registered provider breaches this section, the ESOS agency for the provider may take action under Division 1 of Part 6 against the provider.

             (2)  The provider must give a notice to the ESOS agency for the provider and the TPS Director within 7 days after the end of the provider obligation period.

Notice requirements

             (3)  The notice must include the following:

                     (a)  whether the provider discharged its obligations to the students in accordance with section 46D;

                     (b)  if the provider arranged alternative courses:

                              (i)  details of the students the provider arranged alternative courses for; and

                             (ii)  details of the courses arranged; and

                            (iii)  evidence of each student’s acceptance of an offer of a place in an alternative course;

                     (c)  if the provider provided refunds:

                              (i)  details of the students the provider provided refunds to; and

                             (ii)  details of the amounts of the refunds provided.

             (4)  The notice must comply with any requirements of a legislative instrument made under subsection (5).

Legislative instrument

             (5)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify requirements for a notice given under this section.

Former registered providers

             (6)  This section continues to apply to a provider if the provider ceases to be a registered provider.

Subdivision BStudent defaults

47A  When a student defaults

             (1)  An overseas student or intending overseas student defaults, in relation to a course at a location, if:

                     (a)  the course starts at the location on the agreed starting day, but the student does not start the course on that day (and has not previously withdrawn); or

                     (b)  the student withdraws from the course at the location (either before or after the agreed starting day); or

                     (c)  the registered provider of the course refuses to provide, or continue providing, the course to the student at the location because of one or more of the following events:

                              (i)  the student failed to pay an amount he or she was liable to pay the provider, directly or indirectly, in order to undertake the course;

                             (ii)  the student breached a condition of his or her student visa;

                            (iii)  misbehaviour by the student.

Note 1:       For an exception to paragraph (1)(a), see subsection (2).

Note 2:       For an exception to subparagraph (1)(c)(iii), see subsection (3).

             (2)  An overseas student or intending overseas student does not default under paragraph (1)(a) in relation to a course at a location if the student does not start that course because the registered provider defaults in relation to the course at the location under subparagraph 46A(1)(a)(i).

             (3)  An overseas student or intending overseas student does not default under subparagraph (1)(c)(iii) unless the registered provider accords the student natural justice before refusing to provide, or continue providing, the course to the student at the location.

47B  Requirement to make written agreement about student default

                   A registered provider must enter into a written agreement with each overseas student or intending overseas student that:

                     (a)  sets out the refund requirements that apply if the student defaults in relation to a course at a location; and

                     (b)  meets the requirements (if any) set out in the national code.

Note:          For the consequences of breaching this section, see section 47F (offence) and Division 1 of Part 6 (conditions, suspension and cancellation).

47D  Refund under a written agreement about student default

             (1)  A registered provider must provide a refund under this section if an overseas student or intending overseas student defaults in relation to a course provided by the provider at a location.

Note 1:       A refund might not be required under this section if a student is refused a student visa: see subsection (5).

Note 2:       For the consequences of breaching this section, see section 47G (offence), Division 4 (calls on the OSTF) and Division 1 of Part 6 (conditions, suspension and cancellation).

Provider to pay refund

             (2)  The provider must pay a refund of the amount (if any) required by the agreement entered into with the student under section 47B.

Note:          For providers who are required to maintain an account in accordance with section 28, the refund might be paid out of the account: see section 29.

             (3)  The provider must pay the refund to the following person:

                     (a)  the student;

                     (b)  if a person (other than the student) is specified in the agreement to receive any refund under this section—the specified person.

             (4)  The provider must pay the refund within the period (the provider obligation period) of 4 weeks after receiving a written claim from the student.

Exception—refusal of student visa

             (5)  A registered provider is not required to provide a refund under this section if:

                     (a)  the student was refused a student visa; and

                     (b)  the refusal was a reason for one or more of the following acts or omissions by the student that directly or indirectly caused the student to default in relation to the course at the location:

                              (i)  the student’s failure to start the course at the location on the agreed starting day;

                             (ii)  the student’s withdrawal from the course at that location;

                            (iii)  the student’s failure to pay an amount he or she was liable to pay the provider, directly or indirectly, in order to undertake the course at that location.

Note:          A registered provider is required to provide a refund under section 47E instead.

Former registered providers

             (6)  This section continues to apply to a provider if the provider ceases to be a registered provider.

47E  Refund in other cases

             (1)  A registered provider must provide a refund under this section if:

                     (a)  an overseas student or an intending overseas student defaults in relation to a course at a location; and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  the provider has not entered into an agreement with the student that meets the requirements of section 47B; or

                             (ii)  the provider is not required to pay a refund to the student because of subsection 47D(5) (refusal of student visa).

Note:          For the consequences of breaching this section, see section 47G (offence), Division 4 (calls on the OSTF) and Division 1 of Part 6 (conditions, suspension and cancellation).

             (2)  The provider must pay the student a refund of the amount worked out in accordance with an instrument under subsection (4).

Note:          For providers who are required to maintain an account in accordance with section 28, the refund might be paid out of the account: see section 29.

             (3)  The provider must pay the refund within the period (the provider obligation period) of 4 weeks after the default day.

Legislative instrument

             (4)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify a method for working out the amount of a refund for the purposes of subsection (2).

Former registered providers

             (5)  This section continues to apply to a provider if the provider ceases to be a registered provider.

47F  Offence for failure to enter agreement that complies with requirements

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  the person is a registered provider; or

                             (ii)  if a registered provider is an unincorporated body—the person is the principal executive officer of the provider; and

                     (b)  the person fails to enter into an agreement that complies with the requirements of section 47B.

Penalty:  60 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence under subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (3)  Section 4K of the Crimes Act 1914 (continuing offences) does not apply in relation to an offence under subsection (1).

47G  Offence for failure to provide refund

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  the person is a registered provider; or

                             (ii)  if a registered provider is an unincorporated body—the person is the principal executive officer of the provider; and

                     (b)  an overseas student or intending overseas student defaults in relation to a course at a location that is or was provided, or is to be provided, by the person; and

                     (c)  the person fails to provide a refund to the student in accordance with section 47D or 47E (as the case requires) (whether or not the provider is still a registered provider at that time).

Penalty:  60 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence under subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (3)  The maximum penalty for each day that an offence under subsection (1) continues is 10% of the maximum penalty that can be imposed in respect of that offence.

Note:          Subsection (1) is a continuing offence under section 4K of the Crimes Act 1914.

47H  Registered providers to notify of outcome of discharge of obligations

             (1)  A registered provider must give a notice in accordance with this section if:

                     (a)  an overseas student or intending overseas student defaults in relation to a course provided by the provider at a location; and

                     (b)  the provider is required to provide a refund under section 47E.

Note:          If a registered provider breaches this section, the ESOS agency for the provider may take action under Division 1 of Part 6 against the provider.

             (2)  The provider must give a notice to the ESOS agency for the provider and the TPS Director within 7 days after the end of the provider obligation period.

             (3)  The notice must include the following:

                     (a)  whether the provider provided a refund under section 47E;

                     (b)  details of the student the provider provided the refund to;

                     (c)  details of the amount of the refund provided.

             (4)  The notice must comply with any requirements of a legislative instrument made under subsection (5).

Legislative instrument

             (5)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify requirements for a notice given under this section.

Former registered providers

             (6)  This section continues to apply to a provider if the provider ceases to be a registered provider.

Subdivision CRecovering an amount

48  Recovering an amount

             (1)  An overseas student or intending overseas student may recover an amount owing to the student under this Division as a debt by action in a court of competent jurisdiction (unless subsection (2) applies).

Note:          This section is also affected by section 50C.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a registered provider (or former registered provider) owes an amount to a student under section 47D; and

                     (b)  a person (other than the student) is specified in the agreement entered into between the provider and the student under section 47B;

the specified person, rather than the student, may recover the amount as a debt by action in a court of competent jurisdiction.

             (3)  This Division does not affect any liability that a provider has apart from this Division to pay an additional amount to the student.

Division 3Student placement service

49  Student placement service

             (1)  This section applies if the TPS Director determines that:

                     (a)  a registered provider (or former registered provider) has defaulted in relation to an overseas student or intending overseas student and a course at a location; and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  the provider has failed to discharge its obligations under section 46D to the student by the end of the provider obligation period; or

                             (ii)  the provider is unlikely to be able to discharge its obligations under section 46D to the student by the end of the provider obligation period.

Suitable alternative courses

             (2)  If any suitable alternative courses are available, the TPS Director must provide, in writing, the student with one or more options for such alternative courses.

Accepting an alternative course

             (3)  If a registered provider of an alternative course referred to in subsection (2) offers the student a place in the course, the student may accept the offer.

Note:          A call is made on the OSTF to pay the provider of the alternative course: see Division 4.

             (4)  An acceptance must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  be made within the period specified in subsection (5).

             (5)  For the purposes of subsection (4), the period is:

                     (a)  the period of 30 days after the end of the provider obligation period; or

                     (b)  if the TPS Director determines that exceptional circumstances apply:

                              (i)  any shorter period determined in writing by the TPS Director; or

                             (ii)  any longer period determined in writing by the TPS Director, and agreed to by the student.

Legislative instrument

             (6)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify criteria to be applied in considering whether a particular course is a suitable alternative course for the purposes of this Act.

Division 4Calls on the OSTF

50A  When a call is made on the OSTF

             (1)  This section sets out when a call is made on the OSTF.

Provider default, no place accepted by student

             (2)  A call is made on the OSTF if the TPS Director determines that:

                     (a)  a registered provider has defaulted in relation to an overseas student or intending overseas student and a course at a location; and

                     (b)  the provider has failed to discharge its obligations under section 46D to the student by the end of the provider obligation period; and

                     (c)  the student has not accepted a place in an alternative course in accordance with section 49.

Provider default, place accepted by student

             (3)  A call is made on the OSTF if the TPS Director determines that:

                     (a)  a registered provider has defaulted in relation to an overseas student or intending overseas student and a course at a location; and

                     (b)  the provider has failed to discharge its obligations under section 46D to the student by the end of the provider obligation period; and

                     (c)  the student accepts a place in an alternative course in accordance with section 49.

Student default, refund not provided by registered provider

             (4)  A call is made on the OSTF if the TPS Director determines that:

                     (a)  a student has defaulted in relation to a course provided by a registered provider at a location; and

                     (b)  the provider fails to provide a refund in accordance with section 47D or 47E (as the case requires) by the end of the provider obligation period.

No call on the OSTF after a year

             (5)  A call is not made on the OSTF if the time when the TPS Director becomes aware that the circumstances described in subsection (2), (3) or (4) may exist is more than 12 months after the relevant default day.

50B  What the TPS Director must do when a call is made

TPS Director must pay amount

             (1)  If a call is made on the OSTF, then, as soon as practicable, the TPS Director must pay out of the OSTF an amount equal to the amount that the provider must still pay in order to satisfy the refund requirements under Division 2.

Note:          The TPS Director pays the amount to the person specified in subsection (3).

             (2)  If the student accepts a place in an alternative course in accordance with section 49, the TPS Director may spend more than the amount of that refund entitlement if the TPS Director considers that to do so:

                     (a)  would best protect the interests of the student; and

                     (b)  would not jeopardise the sustainability of the OSTF.

Who TPS Director pays amount to

             (3)  The TPS Director must, in accordance with a legislative instrument made under subsection (5), pay the amount to:

                     (a)  if the student has accepted a place in an alternative course in accordance with section 49—the registered provider of that course; and

                     (b)  if a refund was required to be paid under section 47D, and a person (other than the student) is specified in the agreement made with the student under section 47B to receive any refund under this section—the specified person; and

                     (c)  otherwise—the student.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the TPS Director is required under subsection (3) to pay a registered provider for providing an alternative course; and

                     (b)  the amount required to be paid is more than the cost of the course;

the TPS Director must pay the difference to the person specified in paragraph (3)(b) or (c) (as the case requires).

Legislative instrument

             (5)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify requirements for payments made under this section.

50C  Consequences of a payment under section 50B

Cessation of claim

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  a registered provider defaults in relation to an overseas student or intending overseas student and a course at a location; or

                             (ii)  an overseas student or intending overseas student defaults in relation to a course provided by a registered provider at a location; and

                     (b)  the TPS Director pays an amount in accordance with section 50B in relation to the student;

the student, and any person specified in paragraph 50B(3)(b), cease to have any claim against the provider in respect of the student’s fees to which the refund requirements under Division 2 relate.

Provider must pay back TPS Director

             (2)  Instead, the provider must pay the TPS Director an amount equal to the amount that the TPS Director paid under section 50B.

Note:          For providers who are required to maintain an account in accordance with section 28, the amount might be paid out of the account: see section 29.

             (3)  The TPS Director may recover that amount from the provider as a debt due to the Commonwealth by action in a court of competent jurisdiction.

TPS Director may enforce security

             (4)  If the provider had granted the TPS Director a charge or other security over any of its assets, the TPS Director may enforce the charge or security in satisfaction, or partial satisfaction, of the debt.

Former registered providers

             (5)  This section continues to apply to a provider if the provider ceases to be a registered provider.

50D  TPS Director to notify Immigration Secretary

             (1)  The TPS Director must notify the Immigration Secretary, in accordance with a legislative instrument made under subsection (3), as soon as practicable if the TPS Director provides a refund to a person specified in paragraph 50B(3)(b) or (c).

Note 1:       This section constitutes authorisation for the purposes of other laws, such as paragraph 6.2(b) of Australian Privacy Principle 6.

Note 2:       The Immigration Secretary’s power under this section can be delegated under section 170.

             (2)  The notice must include the name of the overseas student or intending overseas student in relation to whom the refund was provided.

             (3)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify requirements for a notice given under this section.

50E  Right to refund may be cancelled etc. without compensation

                   A right to be paid an amount under section 50B is granted on the basis that:

                     (a)  the right may be cancelled, revoked, terminated or varied by or under later legislation; and

                     (b)  no compensation is payable if the right is so cancelled, revoked, terminated or varied.

Part 5AOverseas Students Tuition Fund, the TPS Director and the TPS Advisory Board

Division 1Guide to this Part

51  Guide to this Part

•      This Part establishes the Overseas Students Tuition Fund, the TPS Director and the TPS Advisory Board.

•      Division 2:

               (a)     establishes the Overseas Students Tuition Fund (the OSTF); and

              (b)     sets out the money that goes into, and can be paid out of, the OSTF; and

               (c)     has rules relating to TPS levies.

       The OSTF provides the money for refunds under Part 5 for defaults where registered providers fail to discharge their obligations to overseas students. The money in the OSTF is mostly made up of the TPS levies collected from registered providers each year.

•      Division 3 of this Part establishes the office of the TPS Director, and his or her terms and conditions. The TPS Director is responsible for:

               (a)     assisting students to find suitable alternative courses, and providing refunds, in the case of defaults; and

              (b)     setting the amount of the TPS levy each year; and

               (c)     managing the OSTF.

•      Division 4 establishes the TPS Advisory Board, the Board members’ terms and conditions, and how Board meetings are to be conducted. The Board is responsible for providing advice and making recommendations to the TPS Director on setting the TPS levy each year.

Division 2Overseas Students Tuition Fund and TPS levies

Subdivision AOverseas Students Tuition Fund

52A  Name of Fund

             (1)  The Overseas Students Tuition Fund is established by this section.

             (2)  The Fund is a special account for the purposes of the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013.

52B  Credits to the OSTF

                   There must be credited to the OSTF amounts equal to the following:

                     (a)  all amounts of TPS levy received from providers (see section 24 and Subdivision B of this Division);

                     (b)  all amounts recovered from providers under section 50C;

                     (c)  any money the TPS Director borrows for the OSTF;

                     (d)  any other money appropriated by the Parliament for the purpose of the OSTF;

                     (e)  any late payment penalty received by the TPS Director;

                      (f)  amounts received by the Commonwealth for the purposes of the OSTF.

Note:          An Appropriation Act may contain a provision to the effect that, if any of the purposes of a special account is a purpose that is covered by an item in the Appropriation Act (whether or not the item expressly refers to the special account), then amounts may be debited against the appropriation for that item and credited to that special account.

52C  Purposes of the OSTF

             (1)  The purposes of the OSTF are as follows:

                     (a)  making payments as a result of calls being made on the OSTF under Division 4 of Part 5;

                     (b)  paying or discharging the costs, expenses and other obligations incurred by the Commonwealth in the performance of the TPS Director’s functions, including in managing the OSTF (subject to subsection (2)).

Note:          See section 80 of the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013 (which deals with special accounts).

             (2)  Paragraph (1)(b) does not include:

                     (a)  paying any remuneration or allowances payable to the TPS Director under this Act; or

                     (b)  paying or discharging any costs, expenses or other obligations associated with services provided to the TPS Director by any employee or officer of the Department.

Subdivision BTPS levies

53A  TPS Director to set TPS levies

             (1)  For each calendar year, the TPS Director must determine the amount of TPS levy required from each provider who is required to pay a contribution.

             (2)  In doing so, the TPS Director must determine the amount in accordance with the legislative instrument made under subsections 9(3) and 10(2) of the Education Services for Overseas Students (TPS Levies) Act 2012 for that year.

53B  Notice of amount of TPS levy

             (1)  The TPS Director must give a written notice to each provider who is liable to pay a TPS levy stating:

                     (a)  the amount of the provider’s levy; and

                     (b)  if the provider is registered—the day by which the provider must pay the levy.

Note:          There is no particular due date for unregistered providers but they cannot be registered until they have paid their first TPS levy: see subparagraph 11(g)(ii).

             (2)  The day mentioned in paragraph (1)(b) of this section must be at least 14 days after the notice is given to the provider.

             (3)  The notice must also include:

                     (a)  the reasons for the determination referred to in section 53A; and

                     (b)  a statement that an application may be made under section 169AG for review of the determination by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal.

             (4)  A failure to give the notice required by this section does not affect the validity of the determination.

53C  Notifying the ESOS agency of payment of first TPS levy

             (1)  If a provider who is not yet registered has paid its first TPS levy, the TPS Director must notify the ESOS agency for the provider of the payment.

Note:          The ESOS agency needs to know when the first TPS levy has been paid so that the provider can be registered: see subparagraph 11(g)(ii).

             (2)  A notification under subsection (1) must be given as soon as practicable after the provider has paid the levy.

53D  Reminder notices

             (1)  The TPS Director must give a reminder notice to a registered provider who has not paid an amount of TPS levy by the end of the due day.

             (2)  The reminder notice must:

                     (a)  specify the amount that is still owing; and

                     (b)  state that the registered provider must pay the amount, along with the associated late payment penalty, by the end of the seventh day after the reminder notice is given to the provider; and

                     (c)  set out the effect of section 90.

Note:          Section 90 provides that the provider’s registration is automatically suspended if the provider does not comply with the reminder notice.

             (3)  The TPS Director must tell the ESOS agency for the registered provider if the provider fails to comply with the reminder notice.

Division 3TPS Director

54A  Appointment of TPS Director

             (1)  The TPS Director is to be appointed by the Minister by written instrument.

Note:          The TPS Director is eligible for reappointment: see section 33AA of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (2)  Before the Minister makes an appointment, the Minister may take into account any recommendation of the Secretary in relation to the appointment.

             (3)  The TPS Director holds office for the period specified in the instrument of appointment. The period must not exceed 5 years.

             (4)  The TPS Director is to be appointed on a full‑time basis.

54B  Functions of the TPS Director

                   The TPS Director has the following functions:

                     (a)  facilitating and monitoring the placement of overseas students and intending overseas students in alternative courses under section 49;

                     (b)  determining whether a call is made on the OSTF under section 50A;

                     (c)  paying amounts out of the OSTF under section 50B;

                     (d)  reporting to the Minister on:

                              (i)  the operation of Part 5 (tuition protection service); and

                             (ii)  the financial status of the OSTF;

                     (e)  managing the OSTF in a way that ensures that it is able to meet all its liabilities from time to time (including entering into a loan agreement for the benefit of the OSTF);

                      (f)  making the legislative instrument each year for the purposes of subsections 9(3) and 10(2) of the Education Services for Overseas Students (TPS Levies) Act 2012;

                    (fa)  recommending that the ESOS agency for a registered provider take one or more actions against the provider under subsection 83(1A);

                     (g)  any other function conferred by this Act.

54C  Remuneration and allowances

             (1)  The TPS Director is to be paid the remuneration that is determined by the Remuneration Tribunal. If no determination of that remuneration by the Tribunal is in operation, the TPS Director is to be paid the remuneration that is prescribed by the regulations.

             (2)  The TPS Director is to be paid the allowances that are prescribed by the regulations.

             (3)  This section has effect subject to the Remuneration Tribunal Act 1973.

54D  Leave of absence

             (1)  The TPS Director has the recreation leave entitlements that are determined by the Remuneration Tribunal.

             (2)  The Minister may grant the TPS Director leave of absence, other than recreation leave, on the terms and conditions as to remuneration or otherwise that the Minister determines.

54E  Restrictions on outside employment

                   The TPS Director must not engage in paid employment outside the duties of his or her office without the Minister’s approval.

54F  Disclosure of interests

                   The TPS Director must give written notice to the Minister of all interests, pecuniary or otherwise, that the TPS Director has or acquires that could conflict with the proper performance of the TPS Director’s functions.

54G  Resignation

             (1)  The TPS Director may resign his or her appointment by giving the Minister a written resignation.

             (2)  The resignation takes effect on the day it is received by the Minister or, if a later day is specified in the resignation, on that later day.

54H  Termination of appointment

             (1)  The Minister may terminate the appointment of the TPS Director for:

                     (a)  misbehaviour; or

                     (b)  physical or mental incapacity.

             (2)  The Minister may terminate the appointment of the TPS Director if:

                     (a)  the TPS Director:

                              (i)  becomes bankrupt; or

                             (ii)  applies to take the benefit of any law for the relief of bankrupt or insolvent debtors; or

                            (iii)  compounds with his or her creditors; or

                            (iv)  makes an assignment of his or her remuneration for the benefit of his or her creditors; or

                     (b)  the TPS Director is absent, except on leave of absence, for 14 consecutive days or for 28 days in any 12 months; or

                     (c)  the TPS Director engages, except with the Minister’s approval, in paid employment outside the duties of his or her office (see section 54E); or

                     (d)  the TPS Director fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with section 54F (disclosure of interests).

54J  Other terms and conditions

                   The TPS Director holds office on the terms and conditions (if any) in relation to matters not covered by this Division that are determined by the Minister.

54K  Acting TPS Director

                   The Minister may appoint a person to act as the TPS Director:

                     (a)  during a vacancy in the office of the TPS Director (whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office); or

                     (b)  during any period, or during all periods, when the TPS Director is absent from duty or from Australia, or is, for any reason, unable to perform the duties of the office.

Note:          For rules that apply to acting appointments, see section 33A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

54L  Consultants

                   The TPS Director may, on behalf of the Commonwealth, engage consultants to assist in the performance of the TPS Director’s functions.

54M  Indemnity

             (1)  The TPS Director is not personally subject to any liability to any person (other than the Commonwealth) in respect of anything done, or omitted to be done, in good faith in the exercise or performance of powers or functions under this Act or the Education Services for Overseas Students (TPS Levies) Act 2012.

             (2)  However, this section does not affect the operation of the Privacy Act 1988.

54N  Application of finance law

                   For the purposes of the finance law (within the meaning of the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013), the TPS Director is an official of the Department.

Division 4TPS Advisory Board

Subdivision AAppointment of Board members

55A  Establishment

                   The TPS Advisory Board is established by this section.

55B  Function of the Board

                   The Board’s function is, either on its own initiative or at the request of the TPS Director, to provide advice and make recommendations to the TPS Director in relation to the making of a legislative instrument each year under subsections 9(3) and 10(2) of the Education Services for Overseas Students (TPS Levies) Act 2012.

55C  Membership

             (1)  The Board consists of the following members:

                     (a)  a representative from each of the following agencies:

                              (i)  the Department;

                             (ii)  the Department whose Minister administers the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013;

                            (iii)  the Department administered by the Immigration Minister;

                            (iv)  the Australian Government Actuary;

                             (v)  the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority;

                     (b)  up to 7 other members.

Requirements for Board members appointed under paragraph (1)(b)

             (2)  A person is not eligible for appointment as a Board member under paragraph (1)(b) unless the Minister is satisfied that he or she has qualifications or experience that the Minister considers relevant to the performance of the Board’s function.

          (2A)  In appointing a Board member under paragraph (1)(b), the Minister must ensure that the Board members appointed under that paragraph, as a group, have qualifications or experience relevant to the operations of providers from across the international education and training sector.

Chair and Deputy Chair

             (3)  The Minister must appoint, in writing, one of the Board members to be the Chair, and another Board member to be the Deputy Chair.

55D  Appointment of Board members

             (1)  Board members are to be appointed by the Minister by written instrument.

Note:          Board members are eligible for reappointment: see section 33AA of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (2)  A Board member holds office for the period specified in the instrument of appointment. The period must not exceed 2 years.

             (3)  A Board member is to be appointed on a part‑time basis.

55E  Remuneration and allowances

             (1)  A Board member appointed under paragraph 55C(1)(b) is to be paid the remuneration that is determined by the Remuneration Tribunal. If no determination of that remuneration by the Tribunal is in operation, such a Board member is to be paid the remuneration that is prescribed by the regulations.

             (2)  A Board member appointed under paragraph 55C(1)(b) is to be paid the allowances that are prescribed by the regulations.

             (3)  This section has effect subject to the Remuneration Tribunal Act 1973.

55F  Leave of absence

Chair

             (1)  The Minister may grant leave of absence to the Chair on the terms and conditions that the Minister determines.

Other members

             (2)  The Chair may grant leave of absence to any other Board member on the terms and conditions that the Chair determines.

55G  Restrictions on outside employment

                   A Board member must not engage in any paid employment that, in the Minister’s opinion, conflicts or may conflict with the proper performance of his or her duties.

55H  Disclosure of interests

                   A Board member must give written notice to the Minister of all interests, pecuniary or otherwise, that the member has or acquires that could conflict with the proper performance of the member’s functions.

55J  Disclosure of interests to the Board

             (1)  A Board member who has an interest, pecuniary or otherwise, in a matter being considered or about to be considered by the Board must disclose the nature of the interest to a meeting of the Board.

             (2)  The disclosure must be made as soon as possible after the relevant facts have come to the Board member’s knowledge.

             (3)  The disclosure must be recorded in the minutes of the meeting of the Board.

             (4)  Unless the Board determines otherwise, the Board member:

                     (a)  must not be present during any deliberation by the Board on the matter; and

                     (b)  must not take part in any decision of the Board with respect to the matter.

             (5)  In addition, the Board member:

                     (a)  must not be present during any deliberation of the Board for the purpose of making a determination under subsection (4); and

                     (b)  must not take part in making the determination.

             (6)  A determination under subsection (4) must be recorded in the minutes of the meeting of the Board.

55K  Resignation

             (1)  A Board member may resign his or her appointment by giving the Minister a written resignation.

             (2)  The Chair or Deputy Chair may resign his or her appointment as the Chair or Deputy Chair (as the case requires) without resigning his or her appointment as a Board member.

             (3)  A resignation takes effect on the day it is received by the Minister or, if a later day is specified in the resignation, on that later day.

55L  Termination

             (1)  The Minister may terminate the appointment of a Board member for:

                     (a)  misbehaviour; or

                     (b)  physical or mental incapacity.

             (2)  The Minister may terminate the appointment of a Board member if:

                     (a)  the Board member:

                              (i)  becomes bankrupt; or

                             (ii)  applies to take the benefit of any law for the relief of bankrupt or insolvent debtors; or

                            (iii)  compounds with his or her creditors; or

                            (iv)  makes an assignment of his or her remuneration for the benefit of his or her creditors; or

                     (b)  the Board member is absent, except on leave of absence, from 2 consecutive meetings of the Board; or

                     (c)  the Board member engages in paid employment that, in the Minister’s opinion, conflicts or may conflict with the proper performance of his or her duties (see section 55G); or

                     (d)  the Board member fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with section 55H or 55J (disclosure of interests).

55M  Other terms and conditions

                   A Board member holds office on the terms and conditions (if any) in relation to matters not covered by this Division that are determined by the Minister.

55N  Acting appointments

Acting Board member

             (1)  The Minister may appoint a person to act as a Board member:

                     (a)  during a vacancy in the office of the Board member, whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office; or

                     (b)  during any period, or during all periods, when the Board member:

                              (i)  is absent from duty or from Australia; or

                             (ii)  is, for any reason, unable to perform the duties of the office.

Note:          For rules that apply to acting appointments, see section 33A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

Acting Chair

             (2)  The Minister may appoint a Board member to act as the Chair if the Deputy Chair is unable to act as the Chair:

                     (a)  during a vacancy in the office of the Chair, whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office; or

                     (b)  during any period, or during all periods, when the Chair:

                              (i)  is absent from duty or from Australia; or

                             (ii)  is, for any reason, unable to perform the duties of the office.

Subdivision BMeetings of the TPS Advisory Board

56A  Convening meetings

             (1)  The Board must hold the meetings that are necessary for the efficient performance of its function.

             (2)  Meetings are to be held at the times and places that the Chair determines.

Note:          See also section 33B of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901, which contains extra rules about meetings by telephone etc.

             (3)  The Chair:

                     (a)  may convene a meeting; and

                     (b)  must convene at least 2 meetings each calendar year; and

                     (c)  must convene a meeting if requested in writing by:

                              (i)  7 or more other Board members; or

                             (ii)  the Minister.

56B  Presiding at meetings

             (1)  The Chair must preside at all meetings at which he or she is present.

             (2)  If the Chair is not present at a meeting, the Deputy Chair must preside.

56C  Quorum

             (1)  At a meeting of the Board, a quorum is constituted by 6 Board members, one of whom must be either the Chair or the Deputy Chair.

             (2)  However, if:

                     (a)  section 55J prevents a Board member from participating in the deliberations or decisions of the Board with respect to a particular matter; and

                     (b)  when the Board member leaves the meeting concerned there is no longer a quorum present; and

                     (c)  either the Chair or the Deputy Chair still remains at the meeting;

the remaining Board members at the meeting constitute a quorum for the purpose of any deliberation or decision at that meeting with respect to that matter.

56D  Voting at meetings

             (1)  A question arising at a meeting is to be determined by a majority of the votes of the Board members present and voting.

             (2)  The person presiding at a meeting has a deliberative vote and, in the event of an equality of votes, a casting vote.

56E  Conduct of meetings

                   The Board may regulate proceedings at its meetings as it considers appropriate.

56F  Minutes

                   The Board must keep minutes of its meetings.

56G  Decisions without meetings

             (1)  The Board is taken to have made a decision at a meeting if:

                     (a)  without meeting, a majority of the Board members entitled to vote on the proposed decision indicate agreement with the decision; and

                     (b)  that agreement is indicated in accordance with the method determined by the Board under subsection (2); and

                     (c)  all the Board members were informed of the proposed decision, or reasonable efforts were made to inform all the members of the proposed decision.

             (2)  Subsection (1) applies only if the Board:

                     (a)  has determined that it may make decisions of that kind without meeting; and

                     (b)  has determined the method by which Board members are to indicate agreement with proposed decisions.

             (3)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(a), a Board member is not entitled to vote on a proposed decision if the Board member would not have been entitled to vote on that proposal if the matter had been considered at a meeting of the Board.

             (4)  The Board must keep a record of decisions made in accordance with this section.

Part 6Enforcement

Division 1AGuide to this Part

83A  Guide to this Part

•      Action may be taken under this Part in certain circumstances including if a registered provider is not complying with this Act, the national code, the ELICOS Standards, the Foundation Program Standards or a condition of the provider’s registration.

•      The ESOS agency for a registered provider can take enforcement action (such as imposing conditions, or suspending or cancelling a registration) under Division 1. Such action can be taken in relation to a provider’s registration generally or in relation to a specific course at a specific location. Division 1 also provides for automatic suspension or cancellation of a provider’s registration in certain circumstances.

•      The Immigration Minister can give a suspension certificate under Division 2 if a significant number of overseas students or intending overseas students are entering or remaining in Australia for a purpose not contemplated by their visas. A registered provider must not offer courses, or hold itself out as able to provide a course, to overseas students while such a certificate is in force for the provider.

•      Division 3 provides for certain offences, such as failing to identify a registered provider in written material or providing false or misleading information.

•      The ESOS agency for a registered provider may accept a written undertaking under Division 4 relating to the provider’s compliance with a provision of this Act, the national code, the ELICOS Standards, the Foundation Program Standards or a condition of the provider’s registration. The ESOS agency may apply to a court to enforce the undertaking.

Division 1Conditions, suspension and cancellation

Subdivision ASanctions for non‑compliance etc.

83  ESOS agency may impose sanctions for non‑compliance etc.

Circumstances in which ESOS agency may take action

             (1)  The ESOS agency for a registered provider may take one or more of the actions mentioned in subsection (3) against the provider if the agency believes on reasonable grounds that the provider, or an associate or high managerial agent of the provider, is breaching or has breached:

                     (a)  this Act; or

                     (b)  the national code; or

                     (c)  if the ELICOS Standards or Foundation Program Standards apply in relation to the provider—those Standards; or

                     (d)  a condition of the provider’s registration.

Note:          Section 93 sets out the procedure for taking the action.

          (1A)  The ESOS agency for a registered provider may take one or more of those actions against the provider if the agency believes on reasonable grounds that because of financial difficulty or any other reason the provider might not be able to:

                     (a)  provide courses to its accepted students; or

                     (b)  refund amounts to its accepted students under Division 2 of Part 5.

Note:          Section 93 sets out the procedure for taking this action.

       (1AA)  The ESOS agency for a registered provider must consider any recommendation made by the TPS Director under paragraph 54B(fa) that relates to the provider in deciding whether to take one or more actions against the provider under subsection (1A) of this section.

          (1B)  The ESOS agency for a registered provider may also take one or more of those actions against the provider (other than an exempt provider) if the agency believes on reasonable grounds that the provider is not fit and proper to be registered.

Note 1:       Section 93 sets out the procedure for taking the action.

Note 2:       The ESOS agency must have regard to the matters referred to in subsection 7A(2) in deciding whether it believes on reasonable grounds that the provider is not fit and proper to be registered.

          (1C)  The ESOS agency for a registered provider may also take one or more of those actions against the registered provider if the agency believes on reasonable grounds that the registered provider:

                     (a)  does not have the principal purpose of providing education; or

                     (b)  does not have the clearly demonstrated capacity to provide education of a satisfactory standard; or

                     (c)  has not been providing, or has not provided, education of a satisfactory standard.

Note 1:       Section 93 sets out the procedure for taking the action.

Note 2:       For when a registered higher education provider has the principal purpose of providing education, see section 5A.

             (2)  The ESOS agency for a registered provider may also take one or more of those actions against the registered provider for a course if the agency believes on reasonable grounds that a provider that is providing the course with the registered provider is engaging, or has engaged, in misleading or deceptive conduct in connection with:

                     (a)  the recruitment of overseas students or intending overseas students to the course; or

                     (b)  the provision of the course to overseas students.

Note:          Section 93 sets out the procedure for taking the action.

          (2A)  The ESOS agency for a registered provider may also take one or more of those actions against the provider if:

                     (a)  the provider is a registered higher education provider; and

                     (b)  the provider is registered under Part 2 of this Act to provide a course at one or more locations; and

                     (c)  the course is an accredited course (within the meaning of the TEQSA Act) in relation to the provider; and

                     (d)  either:

                              (i)  the provider ceases to be a registered higher education provider in relation to the course; or

                             (ii)  the course ceases to be an accredited course (within the meaning of that Act) in relation to the provider.

Note:          Section 93 (which is about the procedure for action) does not apply in relation to this subsection.

          (2B)  The ESOS agency for a registered provider may also take one or more of those actions against the provider if:

                     (a)  the provider is a registered VET provider; and

                     (b)  the provider is registered under Part 2 of this Act to provide a course at one or more locations; and

                     (c)  the course is a VET accredited course (within the meaning of the NVETR Act) in relation to the provider; and

                     (d)  either:

                              (i)  the provider ceases to be a registered VET provider in relation to the course; or

                             (ii)  the course ceases to be a VET accredited course (within the meaning of that Act) in relation to the provider.

Note:          Section 93 (which is about the procedure for action) does not apply in relation to this subsection.

          (2C)  The ESOS agency for a registered provider may also take one or more of those actions against the provider if:

                     (a)  the provider is an approved school provider in relation to a State; and

                     (b)  the provider is registered to provide a course at one or more locations in the State; and

                     (c)  the provider ceases to be an approved school provider in relation to the provision of the course at those locations in the State.

Note:          Section 93 (which is about the procedure for action) does not apply in relation to this subsection.

Actions the ESOS agency may take

             (3)  The actions are:

                     (a)  to impose one or more conditions on the registered provider’s registration either generally or in respect of any one or more specified courses for any one or more specified locations (see section 86);

                     (b)  to suspend the registered provider’s registration for any one or more specified courses for any one or more specified locations (see section 95);

                     (c)  to cancel the registered provider’s registration for any one or more specified courses for any one or more specified locations.

Actions not limited to particular courses

             (4)  The ESOS agency for a registered provider may take action under this section against the provider’s registration for a particular course for a location even if the conduct, or the situation, that results in the agency taking the action does not relate to that particular course.

84  ESOS agency may take further action

                   The ESOS agency for a registered provider may take action under section 83 even if other action has already been taken under that section in relation to the same matter.

85  ESOS agency may take action for breaches occurring before provider was registered

                   The ESOS agency for a registered provider may take action against the provider under section 83 even if the provider was not yet registered at the time of the relevant breach.

86  Examples of conditions

             (1)  Examples of the conditions that the ESOS agency for a registered provider may impose under section 83 are conditions that:

                     (a)  there be no net increase, or only a limited net increase, in the number of overseas students enrolled with the provider;

                     (b)  the provider enrol only a limited number of new overseas students;

                     (c)  the provider not accept any new students from a specified country;

                     (d)  the provider not deal with a specified agent in relation to overseas students or intending overseas students;

                     (e)  the provider not provide a specified course.

             (2)  The examples do not limit the kinds of condition that the ESOS agency for a registered provider may impose.

87  Breaches of this Act etc. by approved school providers

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a registered provider is an approved school provider; and

                     (b)  the ESOS agency for the provider has information suggesting that the provider may have breached:

                              (i)  this Act; or

                             (ii)  the national code; or

                            (iii)  if the ELICOS Standards or Foundation Program Standards apply in relation to the provider—those Standards; and

                     (c)  the source of the information is not the designated State authority for the provider.

             (2)  Before the ESOS agency takes any action under this Act in relation to the possible breach, the agency:

                     (a)  must notify the designated State authority of the possible breach; and

                     (b)  may request the authority to investigate the matter or take any other suitable action.

             (3)  Despite subsection (2), the ESOS agency may take any action under this Act in relation to the possible breach if, in the agency’s opinion, the circumstances of the possible breach require urgent action.

Subdivision CAutomatic suspension and cancellation

89  Automatic suspension if registered provider is no longer fit and proper

ESOS agency no longer satisfied registered provider is fit and proper

             (1)  If the ESOS agency for a registered provider (other than an exempt provider) is no longer satisfied that the provider is fit and proper to be registered, the registration of the provider is suspended for all courses for all locations by force of this subsection.

Note:          Section 95 sets out the effect of the suspension.

Designated State authority no longer satisfied that registered provider is fit and proper

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a registered provider (other than an exempt provider) is an approved school provider in relation to a State; and

                     (b)  the designated State authority for the provider tells the ESOS agency for the provider that the authority is no longer satisfied that the provider is fit and proper to be registered;

the registration of the provider is suspended for all courses for all locations in the State by force of this subsection.

Note:          Section 95 sets out the effect of the suspension.

Notification of suspension

             (3)  If the registration of a provider has been suspended by force of subsection (1) or (2), the ESOS agency for the provider must, in writing, notify the following of the suspension:

                     (a)  the provider;

                     (b)  if the ESOS agency considers it is appropriate to inform another ESOS agency for a provider of the suspension—the other ESOS agency.

Removal of suspension

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the registration of a provider has been suspended by force of subsection (1) or (2); and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  in the case of a suspension by force of subsection (1)—the ESOS agency for the provider becomes satisfied that the provider is fit and proper to be registered again; or

                             (ii)  in the case of a suspension by force of subsection (2)—the designated State authority for the provider tells the ESOS agency for the provider that the authority has become satisfied that the provider is fit and proper to be registered again;

the agency may give the provider a notice that sets out the effect of subsection (5).

             (5)  If the ESOS agency for a provider gives the provider a notice under subsection (4), the suspension of the provider’s registration is removed by force of this subsection when the provider has paid the associated reinstatement fee.

Note 1:       The ESOS agency and designated State authority must have regard to the matters referred to in subsection 7A(2) in deciding whether they are satisfied that the provider is fit and proper to be registered.

Note 2:       For the amount of the associated reinstatement fee, see section 171.

90  Automatic suspension for non‑payment of levy or charge

             (1)  The registration of a provider who:

                     (a)  fails to comply with a reminder notice given under section 53D; or

                     (b)  fails to comply with a notice given under section 23 or 23A;

is suspended by force of this subsection for all courses for all locations.

Note:          Section 95 sets out the effect of suspension.

Removal of suspension

             (2)  The suspension is removed by force of this subsection when the provider has paid:

                     (a)  the amount owing; and

                     (b)  the associated late payment penalty; and

                     (c)  the associated reinstatement fee.

Note:          For the amount of the associated reinstatement fee, see section 171.

92  Automatic cancellation for bankruptcy

                   The registration of a provider is cancelled for all courses for all locations by force of this section if:

                     (a)  a provider who is an individual becomes bankrupt; or

                     (b)  a winding‑up order is made in respect of a provider that is a body corporate.

Subdivision DCommon rules for conditions, suspension and cancellation

93  Procedure for taking action etc.

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  both of the following apply:

                              (i)  the ESOS agency for a provider or registered provider is considering imposing a condition on, or varying a condition of, the provider’s registration under section 10B;

                             (ii)  if the provider is an approved school provider—the condition is not a condition recommended in a DSA assessment certificate, or DSA recommendation certificate, given to the agency by the designated State authority for the provider; or

                     (b)  the ESOS agency for a registered provider is considering taking action under Subdivision A of this Division (other than subsection 83(2A), (2B) or (2C)); or

                     (c)  the ESOS agency for a provider is considering not giving the provider a notice under subsection 89(4).

             (2)  Before the ESOS agency for the provider or registered provider decides to do the thing referred to in paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (c), the agency must give the provider a written notice that:

                     (a)  states that the agency is considering doing that thing; and

                     (b)  requests the provider to give the agency written submissions about the matter within at least the period referred to in subsection (3).

             (3)  The period is:

                     (a)  if paragraph (1)(a) applies—72 hours; or

                     (b)  if paragraph (1)(b) applies:

                              (i)  if the agency is of the opinion that the circumstances require urgent action—24 hours; or

                             (ii)  otherwise—72 hours; or

                     (c)  if paragraph (1)(c) applies—7 days.

             (4)  If, after considering any submissions received within the period mentioned in paragraph (2)(b), the ESOS agency for the provider or registered provider considers that the agency should decide to do the thing referred to in paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (c), the agency:

                     (a)  may so decide; and

                     (b)  must give the provider written notice of the decision.

94  ESOS agency may remove condition of registration or suspension of registration

Removal of condition

             (1)  If a condition is imposed on a provider’s registration, the ESOS agency for the provider may, at any time, give the provider a written notice that:

                     (a)  specifies the condition; and

                     (b)  sets out the effect of subsection (2).

             (2)  If the ESOS agency for a provider has given the provider a notice under subsection (1), the condition specified in the notice is removed by force of this subsection when the provider has paid the associated reinstatement fee.

Note:          For the amount of the associated reinstatement fee, see section 171.

Removal of suspension

             (3)  If a provider’s registration is suspended, the ESOS agency for the provider may at any time give the provider a written notice that sets out the effect of subsection (4).

             (4)  If the ESOS agency for a provider has given the provider a notice under subsection (3), the suspension is removed by force of this subsection when the provider has paid the associated reinstatement fee.

Note:          For the amount of the associated reinstatement fee, see section 171.

95  Effect of suspension

             (1)  A provider whose registration is suspended for a course for a location under this Division must not:

                     (a)  do any thing for the purpose of recruiting or enrolling overseas students or intending overseas students for the course at the location; or

                     (b)  subject to subsection (3), solicit or accept any money from an overseas student or an intending overseas student for the course at the location; or

                     (c)  if an accepted student of the provider has not begun the course—permit the student to begin the course at the location.

             (2)  The provider is still registered for the course for the location for all other purposes.

             (3)  The ESOS agency for a provider whose registration is suspended may give the provider a notice in writing that:

                     (a)  states that, for the whole period of the suspension, paragraph (1)(b) does not apply to the provider in relation to overseas students who have started the course; or

                     (b)  states that, for a specified part of the period of the suspension, paragraph (1)(b) does not apply to the provider in relation to overseas students who have started the course.

The notice has effect accordingly.

             (4)  A notice under subsection (3) is not a legislative instrument.

Division 2Immigration Minister’s suspension certificate

97  Immigration Minister may give a registered provider a suspension certificate

             (1)  The Immigration Minister may give an Immigration Minister’s suspension certificate to a registered provider if, in the Immigration Minister’s opinion, a significant number of overseas students or intending overseas students in respect of:

                     (a)  the registered provider; or

                     (b)  another provider that is an associate of the registered provider;

are entering or remaining in Australia for purposes not contemplated by their visas.

Matters that the Minister may consider

             (2)  In considering whether to give such a certificate, the Immigration Minister may have regard to any of the following:

                     (a)  the number of applications for student visas made by overseas students and intending overseas students, in respect of the registered provider or associate, that have been refused, where there were fraudulent statements made or fraudulent documents given in connection with the application;

                     (b)  the number of the registered provider’s or associate’s accepted students and former accepted students who have breached conditions of their visas;

                     (c)  the number of accepted students and former accepted students of the registered provider or associate who remain in Australia unlawfully after finishing their courses;

                     (d)  any other matter set out in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph under the Migration Act 1958.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not limit the matters to which the Immigration Minister may have regard in considering whether to give a certificate.

             (4)  For the purposes of paragraph (2)(a), it is immaterial whether or not the fraudulent statements or documents were a reason for refusing the application.

Power to be exercised personally

             (5)  The power to give an Immigration Minister’s suspension certificate must be exercised by the Immigration Minister personally.

98  Procedure for issuing certificate

Written notice of intention to give certificate

             (1)  Before issuing the certificate, the Immigration Minister must give the registered provider a written notice:

                     (a)  stating that the Immigration Minister intends to give the provider an Immigration Minister’s suspension certificate, and why; and

                     (b)  giving the provider at least 7 days to give the Immigration Minister written submissions about the matter.

             (2)  After considering any submission received within that period, the Immigration Minister may give the registered provider the certificate if the Immigration Minister still considers that he or she should do so.

Tabling certificate in Parliament

             (3)  The Immigration Minister must table a copy of the certificate in both Houses of Parliament within 15 sitting days of giving it to the provider.

Delegating function of giving written notice

             (4)  The Immigration Minister may, by signed writing, delegate to the Secretary of his or her Department, or to an SES employee or acting SES employee in that Department, the function of giving notices under subsection (1).

99  Content of certificate

                   An Immigration Minister’s suspension certificate must:

                     (a)  state the day on which it takes effect; and

                     (b)  set out why it has been given; and

                     (c)  set out the effect of sections 100, 101 and 102.

100  Duration of certificate

             (1)  An Immigration Minister’s suspension certificate remains in effect for the period of 6 months beginning on the day that it says it takes effect.

             (2)  The Immigration Minister may revoke an Immigration Minister’s suspension certificate at any time by giving the registered provider written notice.

101  Effect of certificate: offence

             (1)  A person commits an offence if the person:

                     (a)  makes an offer to an overseas student, an intending overseas student or any other prescribed non‑citizen for him or her to be provided with a course at any location by a registered provider; or

                     (b)  invites an overseas student, an intending overseas student or a prescribed non‑citizen to undertake, or apply to undertake, a course at any location offered by a registered provider; or

                     (c)  holds a registered provider out as able or willing to provide a course at any location to overseas students or prescribed non‑citizens;

while an Immigration Minister’s suspension certificate is in effect for that registered provider.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

             (2)  The provider is still registered for all other purposes.

             (3)  In this section:

prescribed non‑citizen means a non‑citizen (within the meaning of the Migration Act 1958) who is of a kind prescribed for the purposes of this section in regulations made under that Act.

102  Further certificates

             (1)  Unless, by the end of the period for which an Immigration Minister’s suspension certificate is in effect, the registered provider has satisfied the Immigration Minister that he or she should not be given a further certificate, the Immigration Minister may give the provider a further Immigration Minister’s suspension certificate.

             (2)  The Immigration Minister does not have to follow the procedure in subsections 98(1) and (2) in order to give a further Immigration Minister’s suspension certificate.

Tabling further certificate in Parliament

             (3)  However, the Immigration Minister must table a copy of the further certificate in both Houses of Parliament within 15 sitting days of giving it to the provider.

Application of this section to further certificates

             (4)  This section applies to a further Immigration Minister’s suspension certificate or certificates in the same way as it applies to an original Immigration Minister’s suspension certificate.

103  Updating the Register

             (1)  The Secretary must cause the Register to be altered appropriately if the Immigration Minister has given or revoked an Immigration Minister’s suspension certificate (or a further such certificate).

             (2)  However, a failure to do so does not affect the validity of the certificate or revocation.

Division 3Offences

106  Infringement notices

          (1A)  This section applies to an offence against:

                     (a)  subsection 19(5); or

                     (b)  subsection 20(6); or

                     (c)  subsection 21(5); or

                     (d)  subsection 21A(1A); or

                     (e)  section 46E; or

                      (f)  section 47F; or

                     (g)  section 47G.

             (1)  The regulations may provide for the ESOS agency for a registered provider to give the provider an infringement notice requiring payment of a penalty as an alternative to prosecution for the offence.

             (2)  The amount of the penalty must be:

                     (a)  for an individual—4 penalty units; or

                     (b)  for a body corporate—20 penalty units.

Note:          See section 4AA of the Crimes Act 1914 for the current value of a penalty unit.

             (3)  The regulations may provide for matters concerning the infringement notices.

107  Failing to identify registered provider in written material

                   A person commits an offence if the person in written material, including in electronic form:

                     (a)  makes an offer to an overseas student or an intending overseas student to provide a course at a location to that student; or

                     (b)  invites an overseas student or intending overseas student to undertake, or to apply to undertake, a course at a location; or

                     (c)  holds himself, herself or itself out as able or willing to provide the course at a location to overseas students;

and the material fails to identify any one or more of the following:

                     (d)  the registered provider for the course;

                     (e)  the unique identifier allocated to the registered provider under paragraph 14A(4)(d);

                      (f)  any other information prescribed by the regulations.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 6 months.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

108  Providing false or misleading information

                   A person commits an offence if the person provides false or misleading information in complying or purporting to comply with any of the following provisions:

                     (a)  section 13 (TPS Director may require information);

                     (b)  section 19 (giving information about accepted students);

                     (c)  section 20 (sending students notice of visa breaches);

                     (d)  subsection 26(1) or (3) (disclosure obligations of registered providers).

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 12 months.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

109  Access to electronic notification system

             (1)  This section applies if a computer system is established by the Secretary for the purpose of receiving and storing information about accepted students and former accepted students that is given under section 19.

             (2)  The Secretary may give any person access to the system for the purposes of this Act.

Access may be given subject to conditions

             (3)  The access may be given subject to conditions that the Secretary determines in writing relating to the use of the system and of the means of obtaining access to the system.

             (4)  The Secretary must give the person a copy of the conditions.

Offence: breaching conditions

             (5)  The person commits an offence if the person:

                     (a)  intentionally breaches a condition; and

                     (b)  knows that, or is reckless as to whether, that conduct is a breach of the condition.

Penalty for contravention of this subsection:        Imprisonment for 6 months.

Note 1:       Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

Note 2:       A person who obtains unauthorised access to information on the system that is protected by an access control system could commit an offence against Part 10‑7 of the Criminal Code.

Division 4Enforceable undertakings

110A  Acceptance of undertakings

             (1)  The ESOS agency for a registered provider may accept a written undertaking given by the provider that:

                     (a)  the provider will take, or refrain from taking, specified action in order for the provider to comply with:

                              (i)  a provision of this Act; or

                             (ii)  the national code; or

                            (iii)  if the ELICOS Standards or Foundation Program Standards apply in relation to the provider—those Standards; or

                            (iv)  a condition of the provider’s registration; or

                     (b)  the provider will take specified action directed towards ensuring that in the future the provider does not, or is unlikely to, contravene:

                              (i)  a provision of this Act; or

                             (ii)  the national code; or

                            (iii)  if the ELICOS Standards or Foundation Program Standards apply in relation to the provider—those Standards; or

                            (iv)  a condition of the provider’s registration.

             (2)  The provider may withdraw or vary the undertaking at any time, but only with the written consent of the ESOS agency for the provider.

             (3)  The consent of the ESOS agency for the provider is not a legislative instrument.

             (4)  The ESOS agency for the provider may, by written notice given to the provider, cancel the undertaking.

110B  Enforcement of undertakings

             (1)  The ESOS agency for a registered provider may apply to the Federal Court of Australia, or the Federal Circuit Court of Australia, for an order under subsection (2) if:

                     (a)  the provider has given an undertaking under section 110A; and

                     (b)  the undertaking has not been withdrawn or cancelled; and

                     (c)  the ESOS agency considers that the provider has breached the undertaking.

             (2)  If the Court is satisfied that the provider has breached the undertaking, the Court may make any or all of the following orders:

                     (a)  an order directing the provider to comply with the undertaking;

                     (b)  an order directing the provider to pay to the Commonwealth an amount up to the amount of any financial benefit that the provider has obtained directly or indirectly and that is reasonably attributable to the breach;

                     (c)  any order that the Court considers appropriate directing the provider to compensate any person who has suffered loss or damage as a result of the breach;

                     (d)  any other order that the Court considers appropriate.

Part 7Monitoring and searching providers

Division 1AGuide to this Part

111A  Guide to this Part

•      This Part provides for the monitoring of registered providers’ compliance with this Act, the national code, the ELICOS Standards or the Foundation Program Standards.

•      The ESOS agency for a registered provider can give a production notice (requiring a person to give information or documents) or an attendance notice (requiring a person to attend and answer questions) under Division 2. The TPS Director may also give a production notice under that Division.

•      An authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider may apply for a monitoring warrant under Division 3. A monitoring warrant allows the authorised officer to enter and search the premises of the registered provider. If the authorised officer finds evidential material on the premises, the officer may secure the material until a search warrant can be obtained.

•      Alternatively, an authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider may apply for a search warrant under Division 4. As well as allowing the authorised officer to enter and search the premises of the registered provider, the officer may also seize things under a search warrant.

Division 1Introduction

111  Powers conferred on magistrates in their personal capacity

             (1)  A power conferred on a magistrate by section 129, 138, 144, 150, 154 or 165 is conferred on the magistrate in a personal capacity and not as a court or a member of a court.

             (2)  The magistrate need not accept the power conferred.

112  Immunity of magistrates

                   A magistrate exercising a power mentioned in subsection 111(1) has the same protection and immunity as if he or she were exercising that power as, or as a member of, the court of which the magistrate is a member.

Division 2Notices requiring information and documents

Subdivision AProduction notices

113  ESOS agency for a registered provider may give a production notice

             (1)  This section applies if the ESOS agency for a registered provider reasonably believes that a relevant individual of the provider has, or has access to, information or documents that are relevant to a monitoring purpose.

             (2)  The ESOS agency may give the relevant individual a written notice requiring him or her to:

                     (a)  give any information or documents relevant to the monitoring purpose to an authorised officer of the agency; or

                     (b)  show any such documents to an authorised officer of the agency; or

                     (c)  make copies of any such documents and give the copies to an authorised officer of the agency.

Note:          The ESOS agency may also give the relevant individual an attendance notice: see section 116.

Information and documents may be required in a particular form

             (3)  If the information or documents are in a particular form then the production notice may require the information or documents to be given in that form.

113A  TPS Director may give a production notice

             (1)  This section applies if the TPS Director reasonably believes that a relevant individual of a registered provider has, or has access to, information or documents that are relevant to the performance of the TPS Director’s functions under Part 5 of this Act.

             (2)  The TPS Director may give the relevant individual a written notice requiring the individual:

                     (a)  to give any such information or documents to a TPS officer; or

                     (b)  to show any such documents to a TPS officer; or

                     (c)  to make copies of any such documents and give the copies to a TPS officer.

             (3)  If the information or documents are in a particular form then the notice may require the information or documents to be given in that form.

114  Contents of the production notice

             (1)  A production notice must:

                     (a)  state that it is given under section 113 or 113A; and

                     (b)  set out the effects of sections 120 and 121; and

                   (ba)  if the notice is given under section 113—set out the effect of section 122; and

                   (bb)  if the notice is given under section 113A—set out the effect of section 122A; and

                     (c)  state how and by when the information or documents must be given or shown.

Time for production of information or documents

             (2)  In so far as the notice covers information or documents:

                     (a)  that relate to any extent to the calendar year in which the notice is given; and

                     (b)  that are required to be given or shown on the premises where they are currently located;

the time mentioned in paragraph (1)(c) must be at least 24 hours after the notice is given.

             (3)  In so far as the notice covers any other information or documents, the time mentioned in paragraph (1)(c) must be at least 72 hours after the notice is given.

115  Serving production notices

             (1)  The ESOS agency for a registered provider must give a production notice under section 113 to a relevant individual of the provider:

                     (a)  by delivering it to the individual personally; or

                     (b)  by:

                              (i)  leaving it at the address of the individual’s place of residence or business last known to the ESOS agency; and

                             (ii)  taking reasonably practicable action to draw the individual’s attention to the notice; or

                     (c)  by sending it by ordinary or any other class of pre‑paid post to the individual’s place of residence or business last known to the ESOS agency.

          (1A)  The TPS Director must give a production notice under section 113A to a relevant individual of a registered provider:

                     (a)  by delivering it to the relevant individual personally; or

                     (b)  by:

                              (i)  leaving it at the address of the relevant individual’s place of residence or business last known to the TPS Director; and

                             (ii)  taking reasonably practicable action to draw the relevant individual’s attention to the notice; or

                     (c)  by sending it by ordinary or any other class of pre‑paid post to the relevant individual’s place of residence or business last known to the TPS Director.

             (2)  However, if the ESOS agency uses the method in paragraph (1)(c) or the TPS Director uses the method in paragraph (1A)(c), the time mentioned in paragraph 114(1)(c) must be at least 14 days after the notice is given (instead of at least 24 hours or 72 hours).

Note:          Section 29 of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 sets out when the notice is taken to have been given if the notice is posted to the individual.

Subdivision BAttendance notices

116  Attendance notices

             (1)  This section applies if the ESOS agency for a registered provider reasonably believes that a relevant individual of the provider has, or has access to, information or documents that are relevant to a monitoring purpose.

             (2)  The ESOS agency may give the relevant individual written notice requiring the individual to attend before an authorised officer of the agency and answer questions about the matter.

Note:          The ESOS agency may also give the relevant individual a production notice: see section 113.

117  Contents of the attendance notice

             (1)  An attendance notice given to a relevant individual of a registered provider must:

                     (a)  state that it is given under section 116; and

                     (b)  set out the effects of sections 120, 121 and 122; and

                     (c)  state where and when the individual is to attend.

The time mentioned in paragraph (c) must be at least 14 days after the notice is given.

             (2)  An attendance notice may be included in the same document as a production notice, if the notices are being given to the same relevant individual of a registered provider.

Subdivision CCommon rules for production and attendance notices

118  Scales of expenses

                   The regulations may prescribe scales of expenses to be allowed to persons required to give information or documents under this Division.

120  Offence: failing to comply with a notice

             (1)  A person who refuses or fails to comply with a production or attendance notice commits an offence.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 6 months.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

             (2)  However, a person does not commit an offence in relation to a production notice if the person complied with the notice to the extent that it was practicable to do so within the period allowed by the notice.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2): see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

121  Offence: giving false or misleading information

                   A person who gives false or misleading information in the course of complying or purporting to comply with a production or attendance notice commits an offence.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 12 months.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

122  Offence: giving false or misleading document to authorised officer

             (1)  A person who gives or shows an authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider a document that is false or misleading in a material particular, in the course of complying or purporting to comply with a production or attendance notice given by the agency, commits an offence.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 12 months.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

             (2)  However, the person does not commit the offence if the document is accompanied by a written statement signed by the person:

                     (a)  stating that the document is, to the person’s knowledge, false or misleading in the material particular concerned; and

                     (b)  setting out or referring to the material particular.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2): see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

122A  Offence: giving false or misleading document to TPS officer

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is given a production notice under section 113A; and

                     (b)  the person gives or shows a TPS officer a document in compliance or purported compliance with the notice; and

                     (c)  the document is false or misleading in a material particular.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 12 months.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a person if the document is accompanied by a written statement signed by the person:

                     (a)  stating that the document is, to the person’s knowledge, false or misleading in the material particular concerned; and

                     (b)  setting out or referring to the material particular.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2): see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

123  Information and documents that incriminate a person

             (1)  A person is not excused from the requirement to comply with a production or attendance notice on the ground that doing so might tend to incriminate the person or expose the person to a penalty.

             (2)  However, if the person is an individual:

                     (a)  the information, document or answer to the question; or

                     (b)  any other information, document or thing obtained as a direct or indirect result of complying with a notice;

is not admissible in evidence against the individual in any criminal proceedings other than proceedings under, or arising out of, section 121 or 122.

124  Copies of documents

Authorised officer etc.

             (1)  An authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider, or a person covered by subsection (2) who has the authorised officer’s permission, may:

                     (a)  inspect a document given or shown to the authorised officer under this Division; and

                     (b)  make and retain copies of, or take and retain extracts from, such a document; and

                     (c)  retain a copy of a document given to the authorised officer in accordance with a requirement covered by paragraph 113(2)(c) (copies of documents given under production notices).

             (2)  This subsection covers a person if the person is an employee of the same ESOS agency as the authorised officer.

TPS Director etc.

             (3)  The TPS Director or a TPS officer may:

                     (a)  inspect a document given or shown to a TPS officer under this Division; and

                     (b)  make and retain copies of, or take and retain extracts from, such a document; and

                     (c)  retain a copy of a document given to a TPS officer under this Division.

125  Retaining of documents by authorised officer etc.

             (1)  An authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider, or a person covered by subsection (3) who has the authorised officer’s permission, may retain a document given to the authorised officer under this Division:

                     (a)  for the purposes of this Act; or

                     (b)  for the purposes of an investigation as to whether an offence has been committed; or

                     (c)  to enable evidence of an offence to be secured for the purposes of a prosecution.

             (2)  However, the document must not be retained for longer than 60 days after the authorised officer was given the document.

Note:          The authorised officer may apply to retain the document for a further period: see section 128.

             (3)  This subsection covers a person if the person is an employee of the same ESOS agency as the authorised officer.

125A  Retaining of documents by TPS officer

             (1)  If a TPS officer is given a document under this Division, the TPS officer may retain the document:

                     (a)  for the purposes of this Act; or

                     (b)  for the purposes of an investigation as to whether an offence has been committed; or

                     (c)  to enable evidence of an offence to be secured for the purposes of a prosecution.

             (2)  However, the document must not be retained for longer than 60 days after the TPS officer was given the document.

Note:          The TPS officer may apply to retain the document for a further period: see section 128A.

126  Owner of document must be given copy

             (1)  A person who retains a document under section 125 must as soon as practicable:

                     (a)  certify a copy of the document to be a true copy; and

                     (b)  give the copy to the person (the owner) otherwise entitled to possession of the document.

          (1A)  If a TPS officer retains a document under section 125A, the TPS officer must as soon as practicable:

                     (a)  certify a copy of the document to be a true copy; and

                     (b)  give the copy to the person (the owner) otherwise entitled to possession of the document.

             (2)  The certified copy must be received in all courts and tribunals as evidence as if it had been the original.

Owner may inspect etc. original document

             (3)  Until the certified copy is given, the owner, or a person authorised by the owner, may inspect and make copies of, or take and retain extracts from, the original document at the times and places that the person retaining the document, or the TPS officer, thinks appropriate.

127  Returning of documents

             (1)  This section applies 60 days after a document is given under this Division to either of the following persons (the holder):

                     (a)  an authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider;

                     (b)  a TPS officer.

             (2)  The holder must take reasonable steps to return the document to the person who gave the holder the document or to the owner if that person is not entitled to possess it.

             (3)  However, the holder does not have to take those steps if:

                     (a)  the holder may retain the document because of an order under section 129; or

                     (b)  the holder is otherwise authorised (by a law, or an order of a court, of the Commonwealth or a State) to retain, destroy or dispose of the document.

128  Authorised officer etc. may apply to retain document for a further period

             (1)  An authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider given a document under this Division, or another person (the permitted person) who is retaining such a document under section 125, may apply to a magistrate or tribunal member for an order that the officer or permitted person may retain the document for a further period.

Time limit for application

             (2)  The application must be made before the end of:

                     (a)  60 days after the document was given to the authorised officer; or

                     (b)  a period previously specified in an order of a magistrate or tribunal member under section 129.

Persons affected by notice to be notified if practicable

             (3)  Before making the application, the officer or permitted person must:

                     (a)  take reasonable steps to discover which persons’ interests would be affected by the retention of the document; and

                     (b)  if it is practicable to do so, notify each person who the officer or permitted person believes to be such a person of the proposed application.

128A  TPS officer may apply to retain document for a further period

             (1)  If a TPS officer is given a document under this Division, the TPS officer may apply to a magistrate or tribunal member for an order that the officer may retain the document for a further period.

             (2)  The application must be made before the end of:

                     (a)  60 days after the document was given to the TPS officer; or

                     (b)  a period previously specified in an order of a magistrate or tribunal member under section 129.

             (3)  Before making the application, the TPS officer must:

                     (a)  take reasonable steps to discover which persons’ interests would be affected by the retention of the document; and

                     (b)  if it is practicable to do so, notify each person who the officer believes to be such a person of the proposed application.

129  Magistrate or tribunal member may order retention for further period

             (1)  The magistrate or tribunal member may order that the person who made the application under section 128 may retain the document if the magistrate or tribunal member is satisfied that it is necessary for the person to retain it:

                     (a)  for the purposes of this Act; or

                     (b)  for the purposes of an investigation as to whether an offence has been committed; or

                     (c)  to enable evidence of an offence to be secured for the purposes of a prosecution.

             (2)  The order must specify the period for which the person may retain the document.

Division 3Monitoring warrants

Subdivision AMonitoring powers

130  Authorised officer may enter premises for a monitoring purpose

             (1)  An authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider may for a monitoring purpose:

                     (a)  enter any premises:

                              (i)  occupied by the provider for the purposes of providing courses; or

                             (ii)  at which it is reasonable to believe there might be a thing belonging to or possessed by the provider, or an activity conducted by or with the consent of the provider, that is relevant to a monitoring purpose; and

                     (b)  exercise the monitoring powers set out in section 131.

             (2)  The authorised officer is not authorised to enter premises under subsection (1) unless:

                     (a)  the occupier of the premises has consented to the entry and the officer has shown his or her identity card if requested by the occupier; or

Note:       Section 157 sets out the requirements for obtaining the occupier’s consent.

                     (b)  the entry is made under a monitoring warrant.

Note:       Monitoring warrants are issued under section 138 or subsection 165(2).

131  Monitoring powers of authorised officers

             (1)  For the purposes of this Division, the following are the monitoring powers that an authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider may exercise in relation to premises under section 130:

                     (a)  to search the premises, and any receptacle on the premises, for any thing on the premises belonging to or possessed by the provider that might be relevant to a monitoring purpose;

                     (b)  to examine any such thing;

                     (c)  to examine any activity that is conducted on the premises by, or with the consent of, the provider that might be relevant to a monitoring purpose;

                     (d)  to take photographs or make video or audio recordings or sketches on the premises of any such activity or thing;

                     (e)  to inspect any document on the premises belonging to or possessed by the provider that might be relevant to a monitoring purpose;

                      (f)  to take extracts from or make copies of any such document;

                     (g)  to take onto the premises any equipment and materials that the authorised officer requires for the purpose of exercising powers in relation to the premises;

                     (h)  to secure a thing, until a search warrant is obtained to seize it, being a thing:

                              (i)  that the officer finds during the exercise of monitoring powers on the premises; and

                             (ii)  that the officer believes on reasonable grounds is evidential material; and

                            (iii)  that the officer believes on reasonable grounds would be lost, destroyed or tampered with before the warrant can be obtained;

                      (i)  the powers in subsections (2), (3) and (5).

Operating equipment

             (2)  For the purposes of this Division, the monitoring powers include the power to operate equipment that is on the premises to see whether:

                     (a)  the equipment; or

                     (b)  a disk, tape or other storage device that:

                              (i)  is on the premises; and

                             (ii)  can be used with the equipment or is associated with it;

contains information belonging to the provider that is relevant to a monitoring purpose.

Removing disks etc. and documents

             (3)  For the purposes of this Division, the monitoring powers include the following powers in relation to information described in subsection (2) that is found in the exercise of the power under that subsection:

                     (a)  to operate facilities that are on the premises to put the information in documentary form and remove the documents so produced;

                     (b)  to operate such facilities to transfer the information to a disk, tape or other storage device that:

                              (i)  is brought to the premises for the exercise of the power; or

                             (ii)  is on the premises and the use of which for that purpose has been agreed to in writing by the provider or occupier (as appropriate);

                     (c)  to remove from the premises a disk, tape or other storage device to which the information has been transferred in exercise of the power under paragraph (b).

             (4)  The powers mentioned in subsections (2) and (3) must be exercised in accordance with section 148.

Securing evidence of other offences

             (5)  If the authorised officer, during a search of premises, reasonably believes that there is on the premises a thing that might afford evidence of the commission of an offence against this Act, the Crimes Act 1914 or the Criminal Code, the monitoring powers include securing the thing pending the obtaining of a warrant to seize it.

132  Authorised officer on premises with consent may ask questions

                   An authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider who is only authorised to enter premises because the occupier of the premises consented to the entry may:

                     (a)  ask the occupier to:

                              (i)  answer any questions that are relevant to a monitoring purpose; and

                             (ii)  give or show the authorised officer any document requested by the officer that is relevant to the matter; or

                     (b)  ask any person on the premises to answer any questions that may facilitate the exercise of monitoring powers in relation to the premises.

Note:          A person could commit an offence if, in complying or purporting to comply with this section, the person gives false or misleading information or shows a document that is false or misleading in a material particular: see sections 135 and 136.

133  Authorised officer on premises under warrant may ask questions

                   An authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider who is authorised to enter premises by a monitoring warrant may:

                     (a)  require the occupier of the premises to:

                              (i)  answer any questions that are relevant to a monitoring purpose; and

                             (ii)  give or show the authorised officer any document requested by the officer that is relevant to a monitoring purpose; or

                     (b)  require any person on the premises to answer any questions that may facilitate the exercise of monitoring powers in relation to the premises.

Note 1:       A person could commit an offence if the person fails to comply with a requirement under this section: see section 134.

Note 2:       A person could commit an offence if, in complying or purporting to comply with this section, the person gives false or misleading information or shows a document that is false or misleading in a material particular: see sections 135 and 136.

134  Offence: failure to answer question

             (1)  A person commits an offence if the person refuses or fails to comply with a requirement under section 133 (authorised officer on premises under warrant may ask questions).

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 6 months.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

             (2)  However, a person does not commit an offence if answering the question or giving or showing the document might tend to incriminate the person or expose the person to a penalty.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2): see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

135  Offence: giving false or misleading information

                   A person who gives false or misleading information in the course of complying or purporting to comply with section 132 or 133 (authorised officer may ask questions) commits an offence.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 12 months.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

136  Offence: giving or showing documents that are false or misleading in material particulars

             (1)  A person who gives or shows an authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider a document that is false or misleading in a material particular, in the course of complying or purporting to comply with section 132 or 133 (authorised officer may ask questions), commits an offence.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 12 months.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

             (2)  However, the person does not commit an offence if the document is accompanied by a written statement signed by the person:

                     (a)  stating that the document is, to the person’s knowledge, false or misleading in the material particular concerned; and

                     (b)  setting out or referring to the material particular.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2): see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

Subdivision BApplying for monitoring warrants

137  Authorised officer may apply for a monitoring warrant

             (1)  An authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider may apply to a magistrate or tribunal member for a monitoring warrant in relation to premises mentioned in subsection 130(1) (including premises in a State other than the magistrate’s or tribunal member’s State).

Note:          Monitoring warrants may also be obtained by telephone, fax or other electronic means in urgent circumstances: see section 165.

             (2)  The authorised officer must give the magistrate or tribunal member an information on oath or affirmation that sets out the grounds for seeking the warrant.

138  Magistrate or tribunal member may issue a monitoring warrant

                   The magistrate or tribunal member may issue a monitoring warrant if he or she is satisfied that it is reasonably necessary that one or more authorised officers of the ESOS agency for a registered provider have access to the premises mentioned in subsection 130(1) for a monitoring purpose.

139  Magistrate or tribunal member may require more information

             (1)  The magistrate or tribunal member may require an authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider or other person to give the magistrate or tribunal member further information on oath or affirmation concerning the grounds on which the monitoring warrant is being sought before issuing it.

             (2)  The information may be given orally or by affidavit.

             (3)  The magistrate or tribunal member must not issue the warrant until the authorised officer or other person has given the required information.

140  Contents of monitoring warrant

             (1)  A monitoring warrant must:

                     (a)  authorise one or more authorised officers of the ESOS agency for a registered provider:

                              (i)  to enter the premises; and

                             (ii)  to exercise the powers under section 131 in relation to the premises; and

                     (b)  state whether the entry is authorised at any time of the day or night or during specified hours of the day or night; and

                     (c)  state the day and time at which it ceases to have effect (which must be no later than 7 days after it is issued); and

                     (d)  state the purpose for which the warrant is issued; and

                     (e)  state that the warrant is issued under section 138.

             (2)  The authorised officers do not have to be named in the warrant.

Division 4Search warrants

Subdivision ASearch powers

141  Authorised officer may enter premises to look for evidential material

             (1)  This section applies if an authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider has reasonable grounds for suspecting that there may be evidential material on any premises.

             (2)  The authorised officer may:

                     (a)  enter the premises; and

                     (b)  exercise the search powers set out in section 142; and

                     (c)  if the entry is under warrant—seize the evidential material, if the authorised officer finds it on the premises.

             (3)  However, the authorised officer is not authorised to enter premises under subsection (2) unless:

                     (a)  the occupier of the premises has consented to the entry and the officer has shown his or her identity card if requested by the occupier; or

Note:       Section 157 sets out the requirements for obtaining the occupier’s consent.

                     (b)  the entry is made under a search warrant.

Note:       Search warrants are issued under section 144 or subsection 165(3).

142  Search powers of authorised officers

             (1)  For the purposes of this Division, the following are the search powers that an authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider may exercise in relation to premises under section 141:

                     (a)  to search the premises, and any receptacle on the premises, for the evidential material;

                     (b)  to examine the evidential material;

                     (c)  to take photographs or make video or audio recordings or sketches on the premises of the evidential material;

                     (d)  to inspect any documentary evidential material;

                     (e)  to take extracts from or make copies of the evidential material;

                      (f)  to take onto the premises any equipment and materials that the authorised officer requires for the purpose of exercising powers in relation to the premises;

                     (g)  the powers in subsections (2), (3) and (5).

Operating equipment

             (2)  For the purposes of this Division, the search powers include the power to operate equipment that is on the premises to see whether:

                     (a)  the equipment; or

                     (b)  a disk, tape or other storage device that:

                              (i)  is on the premises; and

                             (ii)  can be used with the equipment or is associated with it;

contains evidential material.

Removing disks etc. and documents

             (3)  For the purposes of this Division, the search powers include the following powers in relation to the evidential material that is found in the exercise of the power under subsection (2):

                     (a)  to seize the equipment or any disk, tape or other associated storage device;

                     (b)  to operate facilities that are on the premises to put the material in documentary form and remove the documents so produced;

                     (c)  to operate such facilities to transfer the material to a disk, tape or other storage device that:

                              (i)  is brought to the premises for the exercise of the power; or

                             (ii)  is on the premises and the use of which for that purpose has been agreed to in writing by the provider or occupier (as appropriate);

                     (d)  to remove from the premises a disk, tape or other storage device to which the evidential material has been transferred in exercise of the power under paragraph (c).

             (4)  The powers mentioned in subsections (2) and (3) must be exercised in accordance with section 148.

             (5)  The authorised officer may seize equipment under paragraph (3)(a) only if:

                     (a)  it is not practicable to put the material in documentary form as mentioned in paragraph (3)(b) or to copy the material as mentioned in paragraph (3)(c); or

                     (b)  possession by the occupier of the equipment could constitute an offence.

             (6)  The authorised officer may seize equipment under paragraph (3)(a) or remove the documents under paragraph (3)(b) only if the officer entered the premises under a warrant.

Securing evidence of other offences

             (7)  If the authorised officer, during a search of premises, reasonably believes that there is on the premises a thing that might afford evidence of the commission of an offence against this Act, the Crimes Act 1914 or the Criminal Code, then the search powers include securing the thing pending the obtaining of a warrant to seize it.

Note:          Section 151 allows for things to be seized without a warrant in emergencies.

Subdivision BApplying for search warrants

143  Authorised officer may apply for a search warrant

             (1)  An authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider may apply to a magistrate or tribunal member for a search warrant in relation to the premises mentioned in subsection 141(1) (including premises in a State other than the magistrate’s or tribunal member’s State).

Note:          Search warrants may also be obtained by telephone, fax or other electronic means in urgent circumstances: see section 165.

             (2)  The authorised officer must give the magistrate or tribunal member an information on oath or affirmation that sets out the grounds for seeking the warrant.

144  Magistrate or tribunal member may issue a search warrant

                   The magistrate or tribunal member may issue a search warrant if he or she is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for suspecting that there may be evidential material on the premises.

145  Magistrate or tribunal member may require more information

             (1)  The magistrate or tribunal member may require an authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider or other person to give the magistrate or tribunal member further information on oath or affirmation concerning the grounds on which the search warrant is being sought before issuing it.

             (2)  The information may be given orally or by affidavit.

             (3)  The magistrate or tribunal member must not issue the warrant until the authorised officer or other person has given the required information.

146  Contents of a search warrant

             (1)  A search warrant must:

                     (a)  authorise one or more authorised officers of the ESOS agency for a registered provider:

                              (i)  to enter the premises; and

                             (ii)  to exercise the powers under section 142 in relation to the premises; and

                     (b)  state whether the entry is authorised at any time of the day or night or during specified hours of the day or night; and

                     (c)  state the day and time at which it ceases to have effect (which must be no later than 7 days after it is issued); and

                     (d)  state the purpose for which the warrant is issued; and

                     (e)  state that the warrant is issued under section 144.

             (2)  The authorised officers must be named in the warrant.

Division 5Common rules for monitoring warrants and search warrants

Subdivision ACommon powers etc. under monitoring warrants and search warrants

147  Use of reasonable force and assistance

                   An authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider may use such assistance and force as is necessary and reasonable in entering the premises under a monitoring warrant or a search warrant and exercising the powers under section 131 or 142.

148  Use of electronic equipment in exercising search or monitoring powers

                   In order to exercise search powers or monitoring powers, an authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider or a person assisting may operate electronic equipment on the premises if he or she reasonably believes that this can be done without damaging the equipment or data recorded on the equipment.

Note:          Compensation may be payable in certain circumstances if the equipment or data is damaged: see section 160.

149  Securing electronic equipment for use by experts

             (1)  This section applies if an authorised employee of the ESOS agency for a registered provider or a person assisting reasonably believes that:

                     (a)  there is on the premises:

                              (i)  if the authorised officer is on the premises under section 130—information belonging to the provider concerned that is relevant to a monitoring purpose; or

                             (ii)  if the authorised officer is on the premises under section 141—evidential material;

                            that might be accessible by operating electronic equipment that is on the premises; and

                     (b)  expert assistance is required to operate the equipment; and

                     (c)  if he or she does not take action under subsection (2), the information might be destroyed, altered or otherwise interfered with.

             (2)  The authorised officer or person assisting may do whatever is necessary to secure the equipment.

Authorised officer must give notice

             (3)  Before doing so, the authorised officer or person assisting must give notice to the occupier of the premises of:

                     (a)  his or her intention to secure equipment; and

                     (b)  the fact that the equipment may be secured for up to 24 hours.

Time limit on securing equipment

             (4)  The equipment may only be secured until the earlier of:

                     (a)  24 hours later; or

                     (b)  the equipment being operated by the expert.

150  Extension of period

             (1)  If an authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider or a person assisting reasonably believes that the expert assistance will not be available within 24 hours, he or she may apply to a magistrate or tribunal member for an extension of the period.

             (2)  The authorised officer or a person assisting must give notice to the occupier of the premises of his or her intention to apply for an extension. The occupier is entitled to be heard in relation to that application.

             (3)  Subdivision B of Divisions 3 and 4 relating to the issue of monitoring warrants and search warrants apply, with such modifications as are necessary, to the issue of an extension.

151  Powers without warrant in emergency situations

             (1)  This section applies when an authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider is on premises under section 130 or 141 if the authorised officer reasonably suspects that:

                     (a)  a thing relevant to an offence against this Act, the Crimes Act 1914 or the Criminal Code is on the premises; and

                     (b)  it is necessary to exercise a power under subsection (2) in order to prevent the thing from being concealed, lost or destroyed; and

                     (c)  it is necessary to exercise the power without the authority of a monitoring warrant or a search warrant because the circumstances are so serious and urgent.

             (2)  The authorised officer may:

                     (a)  search the premises, and any receptacle on the premises, for the thing; and

                     (b)  seize the thing if he or she finds it there; and

                     (c)  either:

                              (i)  if the officer is on the premises under section 130—exercise the powers mentioned in subsections 131(2) and (3); or

                             (ii)  if the officer is on the premises under section 141—exercise the powers mentioned in subsections 142(2) and (3);

                            in relation to the thing.

152  Retaining seized things

             (1)  This section applies to an authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider when one of the following happens in respect of a thing seized under section 151:

                     (a)  the reason for the thing’s seizure no longer exists or it is decided that the thing is not to be used in evidence; or

                     (b)  the period of 60 days after the thing’s seizure ends.

             (2)  The authorised officer must take reasonable steps to return the thing to the person from whom it was seized or to the owner if that person is not entitled to possess it.

             (3)  However, the authorised officer does not have to take those steps if:

                     (a)  in a paragraph (1)(b) case:

                              (i)  proceedings in respect of which the thing might afford evidence have been instituted before the end of the 60 days and have not been completed (including an appeal to a court in relation to those proceedings); or

                             (ii)  the authorised officer may retain the thing because of an order under section 153; or

                     (b)  in any case—the authorised officer is otherwise authorised (by a law, or an order of a court or a tribunal, of the Commonwealth or a State) to retain, destroy or dispose of the thing; or

                     (c)  the thing is forfeited or forfeitable to the Commonwealth or is the subject of a dispute as to ownership.

153  Authorised officer may apply for a thing to be retained for a further period

             (1)  This section applies if an authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider has seized a thing under section 151 and proceedings in respect of which the thing might afford evidence have not commenced before the end of:

                     (a)  60 days after the seizure; or

                     (b)  a period previously specified in an order of a magistrate or tribunal member under section 154.

             (2)  The authorised officer may apply to a magistrate or tribunal member for an order that the officer may retain the thing for a further period.

Authorised officer must try to notify those affected

             (3)  Before making the application, the authorised officer must:

                     (a)  take reasonable steps to discover which persons’ interests would be affected by the retention of the thing; and

                     (b)  if it is practicable to do so, notify each person who the officer believes to be such a person of the proposed application.

154  Magistrate or tribunal member may order that the thing be retained

             (1)  The magistrate or tribunal member may order that the authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider who made an application under section 153 may retain the thing if the magistrate or tribunal member is satisfied that it is necessary for the officer to do so:

                     (a)  for the purposes of an investigation as to whether an offence has been committed; or

                     (b)  to enable evidence of an offence to be secured for the purposes of a prosecution.

             (2)  The order must specify the period for which the authorised officer may retain the thing.

155  Occupier to provide authorised officer with all facilities and assistance

             (1)  The occupier of the premises to which a monitoring warrant or a search warrant relates must provide the authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider executing the warrant and any person assisting that officer with all reasonable facilities and assistance for the effective exercise of their powers.

             (2)  A person commits an offence if the person breaches subsection (1).

Penalty for contravention of this subsection:        10 penalty units.

Note 1:       Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

Note 2:       See section 4AA of the Crimes Act 1914 for the current value of a penalty unit.

Subdivision BObligations on authorised officers etc.

156  Being on premises with consent

             (1)  An authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider may enter premises under section 130 or 141 with the consent of the occupier of the premises at any reasonable time of the day or night.

             (2)  However, the authorised officer must leave the premises if the occupier asks the officer to do so.

157  Consent

             (1)  Before an authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider obtains the consent of a person for the purposes of paragraph 130(2)(a) or 141(3)(a), the authorised officer must inform the person that he or she may refuse consent.

             (2)  An entry of the authorised officer with the consent of a person is not lawful unless the person voluntarily consents to the entry.

158  Announcement before entry

                   An authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider executing a monitoring warrant or a search warrant must, before entering premises under the warrant:

                     (a)  announce that he or she is authorised to enter the premises; and

                     (b)  give a person on the premises (if there is one) an opportunity to allow entry to the premises.

159  Copy of warrant to be given to the occupier before entry

             (1)  If an authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider is executing a monitoring warrant or a search warrant on premises and the occupier of the premises is present, the authorised officer must make a copy of the warrant available to the occupier.

             (2)  The authorised officer must identify himself or herself to that person.

160  Compensation for damage to electronic equipment or data

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  damage is caused to equipment as a result of it being operated as mentioned in section 148; or

                     (b)  the data recorded on the equipment is damaged or programs associated with its use are damaged or corrupted;

because:

                     (c)  insufficient care was exercised in selecting the person who was to operate the equipment; or

                     (d)  insufficient care was exercised by the person operating the equipment.

Amount of compensation

             (2)  The Commonwealth must pay the owner of the equipment, or the user of the data or programs, such reasonable compensation for the damage or corruption as they agree on.

             (3)  However, if the owner or user and the Commonwealth fail to agree, the owner or user may institute proceedings in the Federal Court for such reasonable amount of compensation as the Court determines.

             (4)  In determining the amount of compensation payable, regard is to be had to whether the occupier of the premises and his or her employees and agents, if they were available at the time, provided any appropriate warning or guidance on the operation of the equipment.

             (5)  Compensation is payable out of money appropriated by the Parliament.

Damage to data

             (6)  For the purposes of subsection (1), damage to data includes damage by erasure of data or addition of other data.

161  Occupier entitled to be present during execution of the monitoring warrant

             (1)  If a monitoring warrant or a search warrant is being executed at premises and the occupier of the premises is present, the occupier is entitled to observe the execution of the warrant.

             (2)  The right to observe the execution of the warrant ceases if the occupier impedes that execution.

             (3)  This section does not prevent the execution of the warrant in 2 or more areas of the premises at the same time.

162  Identity cards

             (1)  The ESOS agency for a registered provider must give each authorised officer of the agency an identity card.

             (2)  An identity card must:

                     (a)  be in a form approved in writing by the ESOS agency for a registered provider; and

                     (b)  include a recent photograph of the authorised officer of the agency.

Offence: failing to return identity card

             (3)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person holds or held an identity card; and

                     (b)  the person ceases to be an authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider; and

                     (c)  the person does not, as soon as is practicable after so ceasing, return the identity card to the agency.

Penalty:  1 penalty unit.

Note 1:       Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

Note 2:       See section 4AA of the Crimes Act 1914 for the current value of a penalty unit.

             (4)  This offence is one of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Defence: lost or destroyed card

             (5)  However, the person does not commit the offence if the identity card was lost or destroyed.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (5): see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

Authorised officer must always carry identity card

             (6)  An authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider must carry an identity card at all times when exercising powers under Division 3, 4 or 5.

163  Authorised officer must produce identity card on request

                   An authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider is not entitled to exercise any powers under Division 3, 4 or 5 in relation to premises if:

                     (a)  the occupier of the premises requests the authorised officer to show his or her identity card to the occupier; and

                     (b)  the authorised officer fails to comply with the request.

Subdivision CIssue of warrants by telephone etc.

164  Authorised officer may apply for warrants by telephone etc.

             (1)  An authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider may apply to a magistrate or tribunal member for a monitoring warrant or a search warrant by telephone, fax or other electronic means if the authorised officer thinks it necessary to do so because of urgent circumstances.

             (2)  The magistrate or tribunal member may require communication by voice to the extent that it is practicable in the circumstances.

             (3)  Before making the application, the authorised officer must prepare an information on oath or affirmation that sets out the grounds for seeking the warrant.

             (4)  However, the authorised officer may make the application before the information has been sworn or affirmed, if necessary.

165  Magistrate or tribunal member may grant warrant by telephone etc.

Procedure before issuing the warrant

             (1)  Before issuing the warrant the magistrate or tribunal member must:

                     (a)  consider the information prepared under subsection 164(3); and

                     (b)  receive any further information that the magistrate or tribunal member may require about the grounds on which the warrant is being sought.

Issuing monitoring warrant by telephone etc.

             (2)  The magistrate or tribunal member may issue a monitoring warrant if the magistrate or tribunal member is satisfied:

                     (a)  that it is reasonably necessary that one or more authorised officers of the ESOS agency for a registered provider have access to the premises for a monitoring purpose; and

                     (b)  that there are reasonable grounds for issuing the warrant by telephone, fax or other electronic means.

Issuing search warrant by telephone etc.

             (3)  The magistrate or tribunal member may issue a search warrant if the magistrate or tribunal member is satisfied:

                     (a)  that there are reasonable grounds for suspecting that there might be evidential material on the premises; and

                     (b)  that there are reasonable grounds for issuing the warrant by telephone, fax or other electronic means.

166  Procedure for issuing warrant by telephone etc.

Obligations on magistrate or tribunal member

             (1)  If the magistrate or tribunal member issues a warrant under section 165, the magistrate or tribunal member must complete and sign a warrant that is the same as the monitoring warrant or search warrant that the magistrate or tribunal member would have issued if the application had been made under section 137 or 143.

             (2)  The magistrate or tribunal member must also:

                     (a)  inform an authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider of:

                              (i)  the terms of the warrant; and

                             (ii)  the day and time when it was signed; and

                            (iii)  the time at which it ceases to have effect (which must be no later than 48 hours after it is signed); and

                     (b)  record on the warrant the reasons for issuing it.

Obligations on authorised officers

             (3)  The authorised officer must:

                     (a)  complete a form of warrant in the terms given to the authorised officer by the magistrate or tribunal member; and

                     (b)  write on it the magistrate’s or tribunal member’s name and the day and time when the warrant was signed.

167  Procedure after telephone warrant ceases or is executed

Obligations on authorised officer

             (1)  An authorised officer of the ESOS agency for a registered provider who completes a form of warrant under section 166 must send the magistrate or tribunal member who signed the monitoring warrant or search warrant:

                     (a)  the form of warrant completed by the authorised officer; and

                     (b)  the information duly sworn or affirmed in connection with the warrant.

             (2)  The form of warrant and information must be sent by the end of the day after the earlier of:

                     (a)  the day on which the warrant ceases to have effect; or

                     (b)  the day on which the warrant is executed.

Obligations on magistrate or tribunal member

             (3)  The magistrate or tribunal member must:

                     (a)  attach the monitoring warrant or search warrant signed by the magistrate or tribunal member under section 166 to the form of warrant and information; and

                     (b)  deal with the documents in the same way that the magistrate or tribunal member would have dealt with them if the application for the warrant had been made under section 137 or 143.

168  Form of warrant authorises exercise of power

                   The form of warrant completed under section 166 is authority for any exercise of a power that the monitoring warrant or search warrant issued under section 165 is authority for, if the form of warrant is in accordance with the terms of the monitoring warrant or search warrant.

169  Court to assume that exercise of power not authorised by telephone etc. warrant

                   A court must assume (unless the contrary is proved) that an exercise of power was not authorised by a monitoring warrant or search warrant if the warrant signed by the magistrate or tribunal member under section 166 is not produced in evidence.

Part 7AReview of decisions

Division 1Introduction

169AA  Guide to this Part

This Part is about the administrative review of certain decisions made under this Act.

An affected provider for a reviewable decision may apply for internal review or review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal. However, only reviewable decisions made by a delegate of the ESOS agency for the affected provider are subject to internal review.

A decision of the internal reviewer that relates to a reviewable decision is subject to review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal.

A determination by the TPS Director of an amount of TPS levy payable by a provider or registered provider under subsection 53A(1) is also subject to review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal.

Division 2Review of decisions

169AB  Reviewable decisions

                   Each decision referred to in column 1 of the following table is a reviewable decision. A provider or registered provider referred to in column 2 of that table in relation to a reviewable decision is the affected provider for the decision.

 

Reviewable decisions

Item

Column 1

Reviewable decision

Column 2

Affected provider for the reviewable decision

1

A decision by the ESOS agency for a provider to refuse to register the provider under section 10

The provider

2

A decision by the ESOS agency for a registered provider to register the provider under section 10 for a particular period

The registered provider

3

A decision by the ESOS agency for a provider or registered provider to impose a condition on, or to vary or remove a condition of, the provider’s registration under section 10B

The provider or registered provider

4

A decision by the ESOS agency for a registered provider to refuse to renew the provider’s registration under section 10E

The registered provider

5

A decision by the ESOS agency for a registered provider to renew the provider’s registration under section 10E for a particular period

The registered provider

6

A decision by the ESOS agency for a registered provider to refuse to add a course at a location to the provider’s registration under section 10J

The registered provider

7

A decision by the ESOS agency for a registered provider to extend the provider’s period of registration under section 10L

The registered provider

8

A decision by the ESOS agency for a registered provider not to notify the provider under subsection 46A(4)

The registered provider

9

A decision by the ESOS agency for a registered provider to take action against the provider under section 83

The registered provider

10

A decision by the ESOS agency for a registered provider not to give the provider a notice under subsection 89(4) or 95(3)

The registered provider

169AC  Notice of decision

             (1)  The ESOS agency must, as soon as practicable after making a reviewable decision, give the affected provider for the decision a written notice containing:

                     (a)  the terms of the decision; and

                     (b)  the reasons for the decision; and

                     (c)  notice of the provider’s right to have the decision reviewed.

             (2)  A failure to give the notice required by this section does not affect the validity of the reviewable decision.

169AD  Application for internal review of reviewable decisions made by delegates

             (1)  If a reviewable decision is made by a delegate of the ESOS agency for an affected provider, the affected provider for the decision may apply to the agency for review of the decision.

Note:          Reviewable decisions whether or not made by a delegate of the ESOS agency may be reviewed by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal (see section 169AG).

             (2)  The application must:

                     (a)  be made in the form approved, in writing, by the ESOS agency; and

                     (b)  be accompanied by any information and documents required by the agency; and

                     (c)  be made within:

                              (i)  30 days after the affected provider for the decision is notified of the decision; or

                             (ii)  if the agency allows a longer period (whether before or after the end of that 30 day period)—that longer period.

169AE  Internal review of reviewable decisions

             (1)  If an application for review of a reviewable decision is made under section 169AD to the ESOS agency for an affected provider, the agency must:

                     (a)  review the reviewable decision; or

                     (b)  cause the reviewable decision to be reviewed by a delegate of the agency:

                              (i)  who was not involved in making the decision; and

                             (ii)  who occupies a position that is at least the same level as that occupied by the delegate who made the decision.

             (2)  The internal reviewer may:

                     (a)  affirm, vary or set aside the reviewable decision; and

                     (b)  if the internal reviewer sets aside the decision—make such other decision as he or she thinks appropriate.

             (3)  The decision (the internal review decision) of the internal reviewer is taken (other than for the purposes of section 169AB) to have been made under the provision under which the reviewable decision was made.

             (4)  The internal reviewer must, as soon as practicable after making the internal review decision, give the applicant a written notice containing:

                     (a)  the terms of the decision; and

                     (b)  the reasons for the decision; and

                     (c)  notice of the applicant’s right to have the decision reviewed by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal.

             (5)  A failure to comply with subsection (4) does not affect the validity of the internal review decision.

169AF  Internal review decision must be made within 90 days

             (1)  The internal reviewer must make a decision on an application for review of a reviewable decision within 90 days after the application is made under section 169AD.

             (2)  If the internal reviewer does not make a decision on the application within that period, the internal reviewer is taken to have made a decision under section 169AE to affirm the reviewable decision at the end of that period.

169AG  Review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal

             (1)  Applications may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of:

                     (a)  a reviewable decision; or

                     (b)  a decision of the internal reviewer made under section 169AE that relates to a reviewable decision; or

                     (c)  a determination by the TPS Director of an amount of TPS levy payable by a provider or registered provider under subsection 53A(1).

             (2)  An application under paragraph (1)(a) or (b) of this section may only be made by, or on behalf of, the affected provider for the reviewable decision referred to in that paragraph.

             (3)  An application under paragraph (1)(c) of this section may only be made by, or on behalf of, the provider or registered provider referred to in that paragraph.

Part 8Miscellaneous

  

169A  Guide to this Part

•      This Part contains miscellaneous provisions, such as the following:

       (a)     publication of enforcement action and annual reports;

      (b)     delegation powers;

       (c)     provisions relating to paying amounts like fees, penalties and charges;

      (d)     giving information to relevant bodies.

170A  Publishing results of enforcement and monitoring

             (1)  This section applies if the ESOS agency for a provider or Immigration Minister takes action (including by exercising a power) in relation to a provider:

                     (a)  under Part 6, which deals with enforcing this Act; or

                     (b)  under Part 7, which deals with the monitoring of providers.

             (2)  The ESOS agency for the provider may publish information about the following matters in the way specified by the Secretary under subsection (4):

                     (a)  the action taken;

                     (b)  the results of taking that action, including for example:

                              (i)  recommendations for improvements that are given to the provider; and

                             (ii)  the action taken by the provider to implement those recommendations.

             (3)  However, if the ESOS agency for the provider does publish that information, the agency must ensure that:

                     (a)  if the provider applies for review of the decision to take the action—that fact, and the results of the review, are also published; and

                     (b)  the information is accurate and kept up‑to‑date.

             (4)  The Secretary may, by legislative instrument, specify the way in which the ESOS agency for a registered provider publishes the information referred to in subsection (2).

170B  Annual report

             (1)  After the end of each financial year, the TPS Director must prepare and give to the Minister a report in relation to the following:

                     (a)  the financial status of the OSTF during that financial year;

                     (b)  the number of students placed in alternative courses under section 49 during that financial year;

                     (c)  the time taken to place students in alternative courses under section 49 during that financial year;

                     (d)  the number of calls made on the OSTF during that financial year;

                     (e)  the time taken to pay an amount under section 50B during that financial year;

                      (f)  the total of any amounts paid out under section 50B during that financial year;

                     (g)  an assessment of any issues affecting the operation of Part 5 (tuition protection service) during that financial year;

                     (h)  an assessment of any issues that might affect the operation of Part 5 in future financial years;

                      (i)  an assessment of the outlook of the industry that provides courses to overseas students, and any potential risk to the OSTF as a result of that outlook.

             (2)  The report must be included in the Department’s annual report for that financial year.

170C  Minister may give directions to the ESOS agency

             (1)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, give directions to the ESOS agency for a provider or registered provider about the performance of the agency’s functions under this Act.

Note:          Part 4 of Chapter 3 (sunsetting) of the Legislation Act 2003 does not apply to a direction (see regulations made for the purposes of paragraph 54(2)(b) of that Act).

             (2)  However, the Minister must not give a direction under subsection (1) about, or in relation to, a particular provider or registered provider.

             (3)  Regulations made for the purposes of paragraph 44(2)(b) of the Legislation Act 2003 do not apply in relation to a direction under subsection (1) of this section.

Note:          This means that section 42 (disallowance) of the Legislation Act 2003 applies to the direction.

             (4)  The ESOS agency must comply with a direction under subsection (1).

             (5)  The Minister may consult the Immigration Minister about the giving of a direction under subsection (1).

170  Delegation

Delegation by the Minister

             (1)  The Minister may, by writing, delegate any or all of his or her functions or powers under this Act to:

                     (a)  the Secretary; or

                     (b)  an SES employee, or acting SES employee, in the Department.

Note:          The expressions SES employee and acting SES employee are defined in section 2B of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (2)  In exercising functions or powers under a delegation under subsection (1), the delegate must comply with any directions of the Minister.

Delegation by the Secretary

             (3)  The Secretary may, by writing, delegate any or all of his or her functions or powers under this Act (including his or her functions or powers as the ESOS agency for a provider or registered provider) to:

                     (a)  an SES employee, or acting SES employee, in the Department; or

                     (b)  an APS employee in the Department who holds or performs the duties of an Executive Level 1 or 2 position or an equivalent position; or

                     (c)  TEQSA; or

                     (d)  the National VET Regulator.

Note:          The expressions SES employee and acting SES employee are defined in section 2B of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (4)  In exercising functions or powers under a delegation under subsection (3), the delegate must comply with any directions of the Secretary.

Delegation by ESOS agencies

          (4A)  The ESOS agency for a provider or registered provider (other than the Secretary) may, by writing, delegate any or all of the agency’s functions or powers under this Act to:

                     (a)  if the agency is TEQSA—a person or authority mentioned in subsection 199(1) of the TEQSA Act; or

                     (b)  if the agency is the National VET Regulator—a person or authority mentioned in subsection 224(1) of the NVETR Act; or

                     (c)  otherwise—a person who is an employee or constituent member of the agency if the agency is satisfied that the person has suitable qualifications and experience.

          (4B)  In exercising functions or powers under a delegation under subsection (4A), the delegate must comply with any directions of the ESOS agency.

Immigration Secretary

             (5)  The Immigration Secretary may, by signed writing, delegate his or her power under section 50D (TPS Director to notify Immigration Secretary) to an SES employee or acting SES employee in the Department administered by the Immigration Minister.

171A  Subdelegation by TEQSA or National VET Regulator

             (1)  If the Secretary delegates a function or power under subsection 170(3) to TEQSA, TEQSA may, in writing, subdelegate the function or power to:

                     (a)  a Commissioner (within the meaning of the TEQSA Act); or

                     (b)  the Chief Executive Officer of TEQSA; or

                     (c)  a member of the staff of TEQSA (within the meaning of the TEQSA Act) who:

                              (i)  is an SES employee, or acting SES employee; or

                             (ii)  holds or performs the duties of an Executive Level 1 or 2 position or an equivalent position.

Note:          The expressions SES employee and acting SES employee are defined in section 2B of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (2)  If the Secretary delegates a function or power under subsection 170(3) to the National VET Regulator, the National VET Regulator may, in writing, subdelegate the function or power to:

                     (a)  a Commissioner (within the meaning of the NVETR Act); or

                     (b)  a member of the staff of the Regulator (within the meaning of the NVETR Act) who:

                              (i)  is an SES employee, or acting SES employee; or

                             (ii)  holds or performs the duties of an Executive Level 1 or 2 position or an equivalent position.

Note:          The expressions SES employee and acting SES employee are defined in section 2B of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

171  Reinstatement fee

             (1)  A registered provider must pay a reinstatement fee before the suspension of, or a condition on, the registration of the provider is removed under subsection 89(5), 90(2) or 94(2) or (4).

Amount of reinstatement fee

             (4)  The amount of the reinstatement fee is:

                     (a)  $500 for the initial year; and

                     (b)  for a later year (the current year), the amount worked out by multiplying the reinstatement fee for the year before the current year by the indexation factor that applies to the current year.

Annual indexation

             (5)  The indexation factor that applies to the current year is worked out using the following formula:

                  

where:

index number for a quarter means the All Groups Consumer Price Index number that is the weighted average of the 8 capital cities and is published by the Australian Statistician for that quarter.

previous September quarter means the September quarter before the recent September quarter.

recent September quarter means the September quarter in the year before the current year.

             (6)  The indexation factor worked out under subsection (5) must be rounded up or down to 3 places (rounding up in the case of exactly halfway between).

             (7)  The amount worked out under paragraph (4)(b) must be rounded to the nearest whole dollar (rounding up in the case of 50 cents).

             (8)  If at any time (whether before or after the commencement of this section) the Australian Statistician has changed or changes the index reference period for the Consumer Price Index, then, for the purposes of applying this section after the change, only index numbers published in terms of the new index reference period are to be used.

Definition of initial year

             (9)  In this section, the initial year means the first calendar year in which the reinstatement fee is $500.

172  Late payment penalty

             (1)  A registered provider must pay a late payment penalty for any:

                     (a)  annual registration charge; or

                     (b)  second entry to market charge; or

                   (ba)  third entry to market charge; or

                     (c)  TPS levy (other than a provider’s first TPS levy);

payable by the provider that remains unpaid after the time when it became due for payment.

Note:          If a registered provider breaches this section, the ESOS agency for the provider may take action under Division 1 of Part 6 against the provider.

Amount of penalty

             (2)  The amount of the penalty is 20% per year on the unpaid amount calculated from the day when the original amount became due for payment.

173  Debts due to the Commonwealth

             (1)  The following are recoverable as debts due to the Commonwealth by action in a court of competent jurisdiction:

                     (a)  annual registration charge;

                    (aa)  the second entry to market charge;

                   (ab)  the third entry to market charge;

                     (b)  late payment penalty;

                     (c)  TPS levy (other than a provider’s first TPS levy).

             (2)  In the case of an amount that relates to the OSTF, the TPS Director may recover the debt on behalf of the Commonwealth.

174  Amounts payable by unincorporated bodies

                   The following persons are jointly and severally liable to pay an amount for which a registered provider that is an unincorporated body is liable under this Act, the Education Services for Overseas Students (Registration Charges) Act 1997 or the Education Services for Overseas Students (TPS Levies) Act 2012:

                     (a)  the principal executive officer of the provider at the time the liability arose;

                     (b)  if there was a body (however described) that governed, managed or conducted the affairs of the provider at that time—each of the persons who were members of that body at that time.

175  Giving information to relevant bodies

Giving information to government agencies, the TPS Director etc.

             (1)  For the purposes of:

                     (a)  promoting compliance with this Act, the national code, the ELICOS Standards and the Foundation Program Standards; or

                     (b)  assisting with the regulation of providers; or

                     (c)  promoting compliance with the conditions of a particular student visa or visas, or of student visas generally; or

                     (d)  facilitating the monitoring and control of immigration;

the Secretary, or the ESOS agency for a provider or registered provider, may give information obtained or received for the purposes of this Act to:

                     (e)  an agency of the Commonwealth, or of a State, that is responsible for or otherwise concerned with immigration or the regulation of providers; or

                    (ea)  the ESOS agency for a provider or registered provider; or

                   (eb)  the Secretary; or

                      (f)  the TPS Director; or

                     (g)  a Board member; or

                     (h)  a person specified in the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 13(3) of the Legislation Act 2003.

Giving information to registered providers

             (2)  For the purposes of:

                     (a)  promoting compliance with this Act, the national code, the ELICOS Standards and the Foundation Program Standards; or

                     (b)  promoting compliance with the conditions of a particular student visa or visas, or of student visas generally;

the Secretary, or the ESOS agency for a provider or registered provider, may give information relating to an accepted student’s, or former accepted student’s, student visa to the registered provider for the student.

176B  ELICOS Standards

                 (1)   The Minister may, by legislative instrument, make the ELICOS Standards.

                 (2)   Despite subsection 14(2) of the Legislation Act 2003, the ELICOS Standards may apply, adopt or incorporate, with or without modification, any matter contained in any other instrument or writing, as existing:

                            (a)   at a particular time; or

                            (b)   from time to time.

176C  Foundation Program Standards

                 (1)   The Minister may, by legislative instrument, make the Foundation Program Standards.

                 (2)   Despite subsection 14(2) of the Legislation Act 2003, the Foundation Program Standards may apply, adopt or incorporate, with or without modification, any matter contained in any other instrument or writing, as existing:

                            (a)   at a particular time; or

                            (b)   from time to time.

177  Regulations

                   The Governor‑General may make regulations prescribing matters:

                     (a)  required or permitted by this Act to be prescribed; or

                     (b)  necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to this Act.


Endnotes

Endnote 1—About the endnotes

The endnotes provide information about this compilation and the compiled law.

The following endnotes are included in every compilation:

Endnote 1—About the endnotes

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key

Endnote 3—Legislation history

Endnote 4—Amendment history

Abbreviation key—Endnote 2

The abbreviation key sets out abbreviations that may be used in the endnotes.

Legislation history and amendment history—Endnotes 3 and 4

Amending laws are annotated in the legislation history and amendment history.

The legislation history in endnote 3 provides information about each law that has amended (or will amend) the compiled law. The information includes commencement details for amending laws and details of any application, saving or transitional provisions that are not included in this compilation.

The amendment history in endnote 4 provides information about amendments at the provision (generally section or equivalent) level. It also includes information about any provision of the compiled law that has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law.

Editorial changes

The Legislation Act 2003 authorises First Parliamentary Counsel to make editorial and presentational changes to a compiled law in preparing a compilation of the law for registration. The changes must not change the effect of the law. Editorial changes take effect from the compilation registration date.

If the compilation includes editorial changes, the endnotes include a brief outline of the changes in general terms. Full details of any changes can be obtained from the Office of Parliamentary Counsel.

Misdescribed amendments

A misdescribed amendment is an amendment that does not accurately describe the amendment to be made. If, despite the misdescription, the amendment can be given effect as intended, the amendment is incorporated into the compiled law and the abbreviation “(md)” added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

If a misdescribed amendment cannot be given effect as intended, the abbreviation “(md not incorp)” is added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

 

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key

 

ad = added or inserted

o = order(s)

am = amended

Ord = Ordinance

amdt = amendment

orig = original

c = clause(s)

par = paragraph(s)/subparagraph(s)

C[x] = Compilation No. x

    /sub‑subparagraph(s)

Ch = Chapter(s)

pres = present

def = definition(s)

prev = previous

Dict = Dictionary

(prev…) = previously

disallowed = disallowed by Parliament

Pt = Part(s)

Div = Division(s)

r = regulation(s)/rule(s)

ed = editorial change

reloc = relocated

exp = expires/expired or ceases/ceased to have

renum = renumbered

    effect

rep = repealed

F = Federal Register of Legislation

rs = repealed and substituted

gaz = gazette

s = section(s)/subsection(s)

LA = Legislation Act 2003

Sch = Schedule(s)

LIA = Legislative Instruments Act 2003

Sdiv = Subdivision(s)

(md) = misdescribed amendment can be given

SLI = Select Legislative Instrument

    effect

SR = Statutory Rules

(md not incorp) = misdescribed amendment

Sub‑Ch = Sub‑Chapter(s)

    cannot be given effect

SubPt = Subpart(s)

mod = modified/modification

underlining = whole or part not

No. = Number(s)

    commenced or to be commenced

 

Endnote 3—Legislation history

 

Act

Number and year

Assent

Commencement

Application, saving and transitional provisions

Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000

164, 2000

21 Dec 2000

s 1 and 2: 21 Dec 2000 (s 2(1))
Remainder: 4 June 2001 (s 2(2) and gaz 2001, No S175)

 

Education Services for Overseas Students (Consequential and Transitional) Act 2000

166, 2000

21 Dec 2000

Sch 4: never commenced (s 2(2), (3))

Corporations (Repeals, Consequentials and Transitionals) Act 2001

55, 2001

28 June 2001

Sch 3 (items 168–171): 15 July 2001 (s 2(3))

Cybercrime Act 2001

161, 2001

1 Oct 2001

Sch 1 (item 5): 21 Dec 2001 (s 2(2) and gaz 2001, No S529)

Education Services for Overseas Students Amendment Act 2002

101, 2002

10 Nov 2002

11 Nov 2002

Sch. 1 (items 20, 23, 27)

Education Services for Overseas Students Amendment Act 2005

157, 2005

19 Dec 2005

Sch 1 and 2: 20 Dec 2005 (s 2(1) items 2, 3)

Sch 1 (item 4)

Education Services for Overseas Students Legislation Amendment (2006 Measures No. 1) Act 2006

143, 2006

6 Dec 2006

1 Jan 2007

Sch. 1 (items 37, 38)

Education Services for Overseas Students Legislation Amendment (2006 Measures No. 2) Act 2006

144, 2006

6 Dec 2006

Schedule 1, Schedule 2 (item 1), Schedule 3 and Schedule 4: 1 Jan 2007
Schedule 2 (items 2–7): 1 July 2007
Remainder: Royal Assent

Sch. 1 (item 2), Sch. 2 (item 3), Sch. 3 (items 3, 5, 7, 11) and Sch. 4 (item 11)

Private Health Insurance (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 2007

32, 2007

30 Mar 2007

Sch 2 (item 9): 1 Apr 2007 (s 2(1) item 7)

Education Services for Overseas Students Legislation Amendment Act 2007

70, 2007

28 May 2007

Schedule 1: 1 July 2007
Remainder: Royal Assent

Sch. 1 (item 23)

Same‑Sex Relationships (Equal Treatment in Commonwealth Laws—General Law Reform) Act 2008

144, 2008

9 Dec 2008

Schedule 5 (items 1–5): 10 Dec 2008

Education Services for Overseas Students Amendment (Re‑registration of Providers and Other Measures) Act 2010

10, 2010

3 Mar 2010

Schedule 1 (items 1–26, 31) and Schedule 2: Royal Assent

Sch. 1 (item 31)

Education Services for Overseas Students Legislation Amendment Act 2011

11, 2011

8 Apr 2011

Schedule 1: 9 Apr 2011

Sch. 1 (item 27)

National Vocational Education and Training Regulator (Consequential Amendments) Act 2011

14, 2011

12 Apr 2011

Sch 1 (items 1–6, 9–16, 18–32): 1 July 2011 (s 2(1) items 2, 5, 7)
Sch 1 (item 7): never commenced (s 2(1) item 3)
Sch 1 (items 8, 17): 9 Apr 2011 (s 2(1) items 4, 6)

Sch 1 (items 30–32)

Acts Interpretation Amendment Act 2011

46, 2011

27 June 2011

Schedule 2 (items 548–550) and Schedule 3 (items 10, 11): 27 Dec 2011

Sch. 3 (items 10, 11)

Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (Consequential Amendments and Transitional Provisions) Act 2011

74, 2011

29 June 2011

Sch 1 (items 1–14, 45, 46): 29 Jan 2012 (s 2(1) items 2, 7)
Sch 1 (items 15–39): never commenced (s 2(1) items 3–5)
Sch 1 (items 40–44): 29 July 2011 (s 2(1) item 6)

Sch 1 (items 13, 14)

Education Services for Overseas Students Amendment (Registration Charges Consequentials) Act 2011

106, 2011

26 Sept 2011

Sch 1 (items 1–6, 8–17): 31 Oct 2011 (s 2(1) items 2, 4)
Remainder: 26 Sept 2011 (s 2(1) items 1, 3)

Sch 1 (item 17)

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Education Services for Overseas Students Legislation Amendment (Tuition Protection Service and Other Measures) Act 2012

9, 2012

20 Mar 2012

Sch 2 (item 87): 1 July 2012 (s 2(1) item 8)
Sch 2 (items 89–93): never commenced (s 2(1) items 9, 10)

Education Services for Overseas Students Legislation Amendment (Tuition Protection Service and Other Measures) Act 2012

9, 2012

20 Mar 2012

Sch 1 (items 1–38, 41, 43–63), Sch 2 (items 1–81, 83–86, 94–108), Sch 3 (items 1–7), Sch 4, Sch 5 (items 1–5, 8(1)), Sch 6 and Sch 8 (items 1–10): 1 July 2012 (s 2(1) items 2, 4–6, 8, 11–15, 19, 20)
Sch 1 (item 40), Sch 2 (items 82) and Sch 7 (item 1): never commenced (s 2(1) items 3, 7, 16)
Sch 7 (items 2, 3): 20 Mar 2012 (s 2(1) item 17, 18)

Sch 1 (items 43–63), Sch 2 (items 94–108), Sch 3 (item 7), Sch 4 (item 11), Sch 5 (item 8(1)) and Sch 6 (items 6, 7)

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Statute Law Revision Act (No. 1) 2014

31, 2014

27 May 2014

Sch 2 (items 2, 3): 1 July 2012 (s 2(1) item 4)

Migration Legislation Amendment (Student Visas) Act 2012

192, 2012

12 Dec 2012

Sch 1 (items 4, 5): 13 Apr 2013 (s 2(1) item 2)

Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) Act 2012

197, 2012

12 Dec 2012

Sch 5 (item 33) and Sch 6 (items 15–19): 12 Mar 2014 (s 2(1) items 3, 16)
Sch 6 (item 1): 12 Dec 2012 (s 2(1) item 19)

Sch 6 (items 1, 15–19)

Federal Circuit Court of Australia (Consequential Amendments) Act 2013

13, 2013

14 Mar 2013

Sch 1 (item 116): 12 Apr 2013 (s 2(1) item 2)

Education Services for Overseas Students Amendment Act 2014

2, 2014

28 Feb 2014

Sch 1: 1 July 2014 (s 2(1) item 2)
Remainder: 28 Feb 2014 (s 2(1) item 1)

Sch 1 (item 23)

Public Governance, Performance and Accountability (Consequential and Transitional Provisions) Act 2014

62, 2014

30 June 2014

Sch 8 (items 140–143) and Sch 14: 1 July 2014 (s 2(1) items 6, 14)

Sch 14

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Public Governance and Resources Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 2015

36, 2015

13 Apr 2015

Sch 2 (items 79) and Sch 7: 14 Apr 2015 (s 2)

Sch 7

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Acts and Instruments (Framework Reform) (Consequential Provisions) Act 2015

126, 2015

10 Sept 2015

Sch 1 (item 486): 5 Mar 2016 (s 2(1) item 2)

Acts and Instruments (Framework Reform) (Consequential Provisions) Act 2015

126, 2015

10 Sept 2015

Sch 1 (item 495): 5 Mar 2016 (s 2(1) item 2)

Acts and Instruments (Framework Reform) (Consequential Provisions) Act 2015

126, 2015

10 Sept 2015

Sch 1 (items 175, 176): 5 Mar 2016 (s 2(1) item 2)

Statute Law Revision Act (No. 2) 2015

145, 2015

12 Nov 2015

Sch 4 (item 8): 10 Dec 2015 (s 2(1) item 7)

Education Services for Overseas Students Amendment (Streamlining Regulation) Act 2015

171, 2015

11 Dec 2015

Sch 1 (items 1–282), Sch 2, Sch 3 (item 1), Sch 4, Sch 5 (items 19–24), and Sch 6 (items 2–6, 8–13): 1 Jul 2016 (s 2(1) items 2, 4, 6, 8)
Sch 5 (items 1–17) and Sch 6 (items 1, 7): 12 Dec 2015 (s 2(1) items  3, 5, 7)

Sch 6

Statute Law Revision Act (No. 1) 2016

4, 2016

11 Feb 2016

Sch 4 (items 1, 140–146, 367–372): 10 Mar 2016 (s 2(1) item 6)

Territories Legislation Amendment Act 2016

33, 2016

23 Mar 2016

Sch 5 (item 41): 1 July 2016 (s 2(1) item 7)

Statute Update Act 2016

61, 2016

23 Sept 2016

Sch 2 (items 34–43): 21 Oct 2016 (s 2(1) item 1)

 

Endnote 4—Amendment history

 

Provision affected

How affected

Part 1

 

Division 1

 

Division 1 heading...............

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 4A....................................

ad. No. 70, 2007

 

am. No. 9, 2012

s. 4B....................................

ad. No. 70, 2007

 

am. No. 10, 2010; No. 9, 2012; No 171, 2015

s 4C.....................................

ad No 33, 2016

s. 5.......................................

am. No. 101, 2002; No. 157, 2005; Nos. 143 and 144, 2006; No. 70, 2007; No. 10, 2010; Nos. 11, 14, 74 and 106, 2011; No. 9, 2012; No 2, 2014; No 171, 2015

s. 5A....................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 171, 2015

s. 6.......................................

am. No. 55, 2001; No. 144, 2008

s 6A.....................................

ad No 171, 2015

s 6B.....................................

ad No 171, 2015

s 6C.....................................

ad No 171, 2015

s 6D.....................................

ad No 171, 2015

s 6E.....................................

ad No 171, 2015

s. 7.......................................

am. No. 32, 2007

 

rs. No. 9, 2012

s. 7A....................................

ad. No. 74, 2011

 

am. No. 9, 2012

 

rs No 171, 2015

s 7AA..................................

ad No 171, 2015

Division 2

 

Division 2............................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 7B....................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 171, 2015

Part 2

 

Part 2 heading......................

rs No 171, 2015

Division 1

 

Division 1............................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 8A....................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 171, 2015

Division 2

 

Division 2 heading...............

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 8.......................................

am. No. 101, 2002; No. 70, 2007; No. 9, 2012; No 4, 2016; No 61, 2016

s. 9.......................................

am. No. 55, 2001; No. 101, 2002; No. 157, 2005; Nos. 143 and 144, 2006; No. 70, 2007; No. 10, 2010; Nos. 11, 14 and 106, 2011

 

rep. No. 9, 2012

Division 3

 

Division 3 heading...............

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

rs No 171, 2015

Subdivision A

 

Subdivision A......................

rs No 171, 2015

s. 9AA.................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

rep No 171, 2015

s. 9AB..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am. No. 9, 2012

 

rep No 171, 2015

s. 9AC..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

rep No 171, 2015

s. 9AD.................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

rep No 171, 2015

s. 9AE..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

rep No 171, 2015

s. 9AF..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

rep No 171, 2015

s. 9AG.................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

rep No 171, 2015

s 9........................................

ad No 171, 2015

s 10......................................

ad No 171, 2015

s 10A...................................

ad No 171, 2015

Subdivision B

 

Subdivision B heading.........

rs and renum No 171, 2015

Subdivision B......................

ad No 171, 2015

s 10B...................................

ad No 171, 2015

s 10C...................................

ad No 171, 2015

Subdivision C

 

Subdivision C......................

ad No 171, 2015

s 10D...................................

ad No 171, 2015

s 10E...................................

ad No 171, 2015

s 10F....................................

ad No 171, 2015

s 10G...................................

ad No 171, 2015

Subdivision D

 

Subdivision D......................

ad No 171, 2015

s 10H...................................

ad No 171, 2015

s 10J....................................

ad No 171, 2015

s 10K...................................

ad No 171, 2015

s 10L...................................

ad No 171, 2015

s 10M..................................

ad No 171, 2015

Subdivision E

 

Subdivision E (prev.............
Subdivision B) heading

rs and renum No 171, 2015

s. 9AH.................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

rep No 171, 2015

s. 9A....................................

ad. No. 10, 2010

 

am. Nos. 11, 14 and 106, 2011

 

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 9B....................................

ad. No. 10, 2010

 

am. No. 9, 2012

 

rep No 171, 2015

s. 10.....................................

am. No. 70, 2007; No. 10, 2010; Nos. 14 and 106, 2011

 

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 11.....................................

am. No. 101, 2002; No. 143, 2006

 

rep. No. 9, 2012

 

ad No 171, 2015

s 11A...................................

ad No 171, 2015

s 11B...................................

ad No 171, 2015

s 11C...................................

ad No 171, 2015

s. 12.....................................

rs. No. 143, 2006

 

am No 10, 2010

 

rs No. 106, 2011; No. 9, 2012

 

am No 171, 2015

s. 13.....................................

rs. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 171, 2015; No 4, 2016

s. 14.....................................

am. No. 101, 2002; No. 10, 2010; No. 14, 2011; No. 9, 2012

 

rs No 171, 2015

Division 4

 

Division 4 heading...............

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 14A..................................

ad. No. 10, 2010

 

am. Nos. 11 and 14, 2011

 

rs. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 171, 2015

s. 14B..................................

ad. No. 11, 2011

 

am. No. 14, 2011

 

rs. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 171, 2015

Part 3

 

Division 1A

 

Division 1A.........................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 15A..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am. No. 9, 2012; No 171, 2015

Division 1

 

s 15......................................

am No 171, 2015

s. 16.....................................

rs. No. 157, 2005

 

am No 171, 2015

s. 17.....................................

am. No. 101, 2002; No. 143, 2006; No. 9, 2012; No 171, 2015

s. 18.....................................

am. No. 157, 2005; No. 143, 2006; No. 9, 2012; No 171, 2015

s. 19.....................................

am. No. 144, 2006; No. 11, 2011; No. 9, 2012; No 171, 2015

s. 20.....................................

am. No. 144, 2006; No. 70, 2007; No. 11, 2011; No 9, 2012; 192, 2012; No 171, 2015

s. 21.....................................

am. No. 11, 2011; No. 9, 2012; No 171, 2015

s. 21A..................................

ad. No. 10, 2010

 

am. No. 11, 2011; No 171, 2015

s. 22.....................................

am. No. 143, 2006

 

rs. No. 9, 2012

 

rep No 171, 2015

s 23......................................

am No 143, 2006; No 171, 2015

s. 23A..................................

ad. No. 106, 2011

 

rs No 171, 2015

s. 24.....................................

rs. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 171, 2015

s. 25.....................................

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 26.....................................

rs. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 101, 2002; No 171, 2015

Division 2

 

Division 2 heading...............

rs No 2, 2014

Division 2............................

rs. No. 9, 2012

s. 27.....................................

am. No. 144, 2006; No. 10, 2010; No. 14, 2011

 

rs. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 2, 2014; No 171, 2015

s. 28.....................................

am. No. 101, 2002; No. 144, 2006; No. 70, 2007; No. 11, 2011

 

rs. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 2, 2014

s. 29.....................................

am. No. 70, 2007; No. 11, 2011

 

rs. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 2, 2014

s. 30.....................................

am. No. 101, 2002

 

rs. No. 9, 2012

s. 31.....................................

rs. No. 143, 2006

 

am. No. 10, 2010

 

rs. No. 9, 2012

s. 32.....................................

am. No. 143, 2006

 

rs. No. 9, 2012

Part 4

 

Division 1

 

Division 1............................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 33A..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 171, 2015

Division 2

 

Division 2 heading...............

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 33.....................................

am. No. 157, 2005; No. 144, 2006; No. 9, 2012; No 2, 2014

s. 34.....................................

am. No. 9, 2012; No 171, 2015

s. 35.....................................

rep. No. 144, 2006

s. 36.....................................

am. No. 144, 2006

 

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 37.....................................

rep. No. 144, 2006

s. 38.....................................

am. No. 9, 2012; No 2, 2014; No 171, 2015

s. 39.....................................

rep. No. 144, 2006

s 40......................................

am. No. 10, 2010; No. 9, 2012; No 171, 2015

s. 41.....................................

am. No. 144, 2006

s. 42.....................................

rep. No. 144, 2006

s. 43.....................................

am. No. 70, 2007; No. 14, 2011; No. 9, 2012

 

rep No 171, 2015

Part 5

 

Part 5...................................

rs. No. 9, 2012

Division 1

 

s. 45.....................................

rs. No. 9, 2012

s. 46.....................................

rep. No. 9, 2012

Division 2

 

Subdivision A

 

s. 46A..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 171, 2015

s. 46B..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 171, 2015

s. 46C..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

rep No 171, 2015

s. 46D..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 2, 2014

s. 46E..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 46F...................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 171, 2015

s. 47.....................................

rep. No. 9, 2012

Subdivision B

 

s. 47A..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 47B..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 47C..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

rep No 171, 2015

s. 47D..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 2, 2014

s. 47E..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 2, 2014

s. 47F...................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 47G..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 47H..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 171, 2015

Subdivision C

 

s. 48.....................................

rs. No. 9, 2012

Division 3

 

s. 49.....................................

rs. No. 9, 2012

s. 50.....................................

rep. No. 9, 2012

Division 4

 

s. 50A..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 50B..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 50C..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 2, 2014

s. 50D..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 197, 2012

s. 50E..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

Part 5A

 

Part 5A.................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

Division 1

 

s. 51.....................................

rs. No. 9, 2012

s. 52.....................................

am. No. 46, 2011

 

rep. No. 9, 2012

Division 2

 

Subdivision A

 

s. 52A..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 62, 2014

s. 52B..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 62, 2014

s. 52C..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 62, 2014

s. 53.....................................

rep. No. 9, 2012

Subdivision B

 

s. 53A..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 53B..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 171, 2015

s. 53C..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 171, 2015

s. 53D..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 171, 2015

s. 54.....................................

rep. No. 9, 2012

Division 3

 

s. 54A..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 54B..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 171, 2015

s. 54C..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 54D..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 54E..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 54F...................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 54G..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 54H..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 54J...................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 54K..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 54L..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 54M.................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s 54N...................................

ad No 171, 2015

s. 55.....................................

rep. No. 9, 2012

Division 4

 

Subdivision A

 

s. 55A..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 55B..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 55C..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 62, 2014

s. 55D..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 55E..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 55F...................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 55G..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 55H..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 55J...................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 55K..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 55L..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 55M.................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 55N..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 56.....................................

rep. No. 9, 2012

Subdivision B

 

s. 56A..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 56B..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 56C..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 56D..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 56E..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 56F...................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 56G..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 57.....................................

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 58.....................................

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 59.....................................

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 60.....................................

am. No. 143, 2006

 

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 61.....................................

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 62.....................................

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 63.....................................

am. No. 10, 2010

 

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 64.....................................

rs. No. 10, 2010

 

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 65.....................................

am. No. 10, 2010

 

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 66.....................................

am. No. 10, 2010

 

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 67.....................................

am. No. 10, 2010

 

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 68.....................................

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 69.....................................

am. No. 10, 2010

 

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 70.....................................

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 71.....................................

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 72.....................................

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 73.....................................

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 74.....................................

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 74A..................................

ad. No. 10, 2010

 

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 75.....................................

rep. No. 9, 2012

Division 5............................

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 76.....................................

am. No. 101, 2002; Nos. 143 and 144, 2006; No. 10, 2010

 

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 77.....................................

am. No. 101, 2002; No. 144, 2006; No. 10, 2010

 

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 77A..................................

ad. No. 144, 2006

 

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 78.....................................

am. No. 101, 2002

 

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 79.....................................

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 80.....................................

am. No. 55, 2001

 

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 80A..................................

ad. No. 10, 2010

 

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 81.....................................

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 82.....................................

rep. No. 9, 2012

Part 6

 

Division 1A

 

Division 1A.........................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 83A..................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am. No. 9, 2012; No 171, 2015

Division 1

 

Subdivision A

 

s. 83.....................................

am. No. 101, 2002; No. 143, 2006; No. 10, 2010; No. 9, 2012; No 2, 2014; No 171, 2015

s 84......................................

rs No 171, 2015

s 85......................................

am No 171, 2015

s 86......................................

am No 171, 2015

Subdivision B heading.........

rep. No. 101, 2002

s. 87.....................................

rep. No. 101, 2002

 

ad No 171, 2015

s. 88.....................................

am. No. 70, 2007

 

rep. No. 9, 2012

Subdivision C

 

s. 89.....................................

am. No. 143, 2006; No. 14, 2011; No. 9, 2012

 

rs No 171, 2015

s. 89A..................................

ad. No. 143, 2006

 

am. No. 10, 2010; Nos. 14 and 74, 2011; No. 9, 2012

 

rep No 171, 2015

s. 90.....................................

rs. No. 143, 2006

 

am. No. 106, 2011; No. 9, 2012; No 171, 2015

s. 91.....................................

am. No. 9, 2012

 

rep No 171, 2015

s. 92.....................................

am. No. 9, 2012

s. 92A..................................

ad. No. 10, 2010

 

rep. No. 9, 2012

s. 92B..................................

ad. No. 10, 2010

 

am. No. 14, 2011

 

rep. No. 9, 2012

Subdivision D

 

s. 93.....................................

am. No. 101, 2002; No. 143, 2006; No. 10, 2010; No. 11, 2011; No. 9, 2012

 

rs No 171, 2015

s. 94.....................................

rs. No. 143, 2006

 

am. No. 10, 2010; No 171, 2015

s. 95.....................................

rs. No. 101, 2002

 

am. No. 10, 2010; No. 9, 2012; No 171, 2015

s. 96.....................................

am. No. 101, 2002; No. 11, 2011

 

rep. No. 9, 2012

Division 2

 

s. 97.....................................

am. No. 9, 2012

s. 101...................................

am. No. 9, 2012; No 4, 2016; No 61, 2016

Division 3

 

s. 104...................................

am. No. 144, 2006

 

rep. No. 11, 2011

s. 105...................................

rep. No. 11, 2011

s. 106...................................

am. No. 11, 2011; No. 9, 2012; No 171, 2015

s. 107...................................

am. No. 70, 2007; No. 9, 2012; No 4, 2016; No 61, 2016

s. 108...................................

am. No. 9, 2012; No 4, 2016; No 61, 2016

s. 109...................................

am. No 161, 2001; No. 9, 2012; No 171, 2015; No 4, 2016; No 61, 2016

s. 110...................................

rep. No. 9, 2012

Division 4

 

Division 4............................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 110A................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 171, 2015

s. 110B................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am. No. 13, 2013; No 171, 2015

Part 7

 

Division 1A

 

Division 1A.........................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s. 111A................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

 

am No 171, 2015

Division 2

 

Subdivision A

 

s. 113...................................

am. No. 9, 2012; No 171, 2015

s 113A.................................

ad No 171, 2015

s 114....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 115....................................

am No 171, 2015

Subdivision B

 

s. 116...................................

am. No. 9, 2012; No 171, 2015

s 117....................................

am No 171, 2015

Subdivision C

 

s. 119...................................

rep. No. 11, 2011

s 120....................................

am No 4, 2016; No 61, 2016

s 121....................................

am No 4, 2016; No 61, 2016

s 122....................................

am No 171, 2015; No 4, 2016; No 61, 2016

s 122A.................................

ad No 171, 2015

s 124....................................

am. No. 74, 2011; No 171, 2015

s 125....................................

am. No. 74, 2011; No 171, 2015

s 125A.................................

ad No 171, 2015

s 126....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 127....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 128....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 128A.................................

ad No 171, 2015

s 129....................................

am No 171, 2015

Division 3

 

Subdivision A

 

s 130....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 131....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 132....................................

am No 171, 2015; No 4, 2016

s 133....................................

am No 171, 2015; No 4, 2016

s 134....................................

am No 171, 2015; No 4, 2016; No 61, 2016

s 135....................................

am No 171, 2015; No 4, 2016; No 61, 2016

s 136....................................

am No 171, 2015; No 4, 2016; No 61, 2016

Subdivision B

 

s 137....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 138....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 139....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 140....................................

am No 171, 2015

Division 4

 

Subdivision A

 

s 141....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 142....................................

am No 171, 2015

Subdivision B

 

s 143....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 145....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 146....................................

am No 171, 2015

Division 5

 

Subdivision A

 

s 147....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 148....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 149....................................

am No 171, 2015

 

ed C29

s 150....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 151....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 152....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 153....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 154....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 155....................................

am No 171, 2015; No 4, 2016; No 61, 2016

Subdivision B

 

Subdivision B heading.........

rs No 171, 2015

s 156....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 157....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 158....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 159....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 162....................................

am No 171, 2015; No 4, 2016; No 61, 2016

s 163....................................

am No 171, 2015

Subdivision C

 

s 164....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 165....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 166....................................

am No 171, 2015

s 167....................................

am No 171, 2015

Part 7A

 

Part 7A.................................

ad No 171, 2015

Division 1

 

s 169AA..............................

ad No 171, 2015

Division 2

 

s 169AB...............................

ad No 171, 2015

s 169AC...............................

ad No 171, 2015

s 169AD..............................

ad No 171, 2015

s 169AE...............................

ad No 171, 2015

s 169AF...............................

ad No 171, 2015

s 169AG..............................

ad No 171, 2015

Part 8

 

s 169A.................................

ad No 9, 2012

 

am No 171, 2015

s. 170A................................

ad. No. 11, 2011

 

am No 171, 2015

s. 170B................................

ad. No. 9, 2012

s 170C.................................

ad No 171, 2015

s. 170...................................

rs. No. 14, 2011

 

am. No. 74, 2011; No. 9, 2012; No 171, 2015

s 171A.................................

ad No 171, 2015

s. 171...................................

am. No. 143, 2006; No. 106, 2011; No 145, 2015; No 171, 2015

s. 172...................................

am. No. 143, 2006; No. 70, 2007; No. 106, 2011; No. 9, 2012; No 171, 2015

s. 173...................................

am. No. 143, 2006; No. 106, 2011; No. 9, 2012; No 171, 2015

s. 174...................................

am. No. 9, 2012

s. 175...................................

am. No. 143, 2006; No. 9, 2012; No 126, 2015; No 171, 2015

s. 176...................................

am. No. 101, 2002; No. 143, 2006; No. 10, 2010; No. 11, 2011; No. 9, 2012

 

rep No 171, 2015

s. 176A................................

rep. No. 9, 2012

s 176B.................................

ad. No. 14, 2011

 

am No 126, 2015

s 176C.................................

ad No 14, 2011

 

am No 126, 2015