Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

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Fair Work Act 2009

Authoritative Version
  • - C2016C00581
  • In force - Superseded Version
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Act No. 28 of 2009 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Territories Legislation Amendment Act 2016
An Act relating to workplace relations, and for related purposes
Administered by: Attorney-General's; Employment
Registered 07 Jun 2016
Start Date 01 May 2016
End Date 30 Jun 2016

Fair Work Act 2009

No. 28, 2009

Compilation No. 26

Compilation date:                              1 May 2016

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 33, 2016

Registered:                                         7 June 2016

This compilation is in 2 volumes

Volume 1:       sections 1–536

Volume 2:       sections 537–800

                        Schedules

                        Endnotes

Each volume has its own contents

 

 

 

This compilation includes a commenced amendment made by Act No. 26, 2016. Amendments made by Act No. 33, 2016 have not commenced but are noted in the endnotes.

 

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Fair Work Act 2009 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 1 May 2016 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Chapter 1—Introduction                                                                                       1

Part 1‑1—Introduction                                                                                                       1

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                              1

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 1

Division 2—Object of this Act                                                                                 4

3............ Object of this Act................................................................................ 4

Division 3—Guide to this Act                                                                                   6

4............ Guide to this Act................................................................................. 6

5............ Terms and conditions of employment (Chapter 2).............................. 7

6............ Rights and responsibilities of employees, employers, organisations etc. (Chapter 3)               8

7............ Compliance and enforcement (Chapter 4)........................................... 9

8............ Administration (Chapter 5)................................................................. 9

9............ Miscellaneous (Chapter 6)................................................................ 10

9A......... Application, transitional and saving provisions for amendments (Schedules)          11

Part 1‑2—Definitions                                                                                                         12

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                          12

10.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 12

11.......... Meanings of employee and employer................................................ 12

Division 2—The Dictionary                                                                                     13

12.......... The Dictionary.................................................................................. 13

Division 3—Definitions relating to the meanings of employee, employer etc.    45

13.......... Meaning of national system employee.............................................. 45

14.......... Meaning of national system employer.............................................. 45

14A....... Transitional matters relating to employers etc. becoming, or ceasing to be, national system employers etc.             47

15.......... Ordinary meanings of employee and employer................................. 48

Division 4—Other definitions                                                                                 49

16.......... Meaning of base rate of pay............................................................. 49

17.......... Meaning of child of a person............................................................ 50

17A....... Meaning of directly and indirectly (in relation to TCF work)............ 50

18.......... Meaning of full rate of pay................................................................ 51

19.......... Meaning of industrial action............................................................. 52

20.......... Meaning of ordinary hours of work for award/agreement free employees               53

21.......... Meaning of pieceworker................................................................... 54

22.......... Meanings of service and continuous service..................................... 55

23.......... Meaning of small business employer................................................ 58

23A....... Terms relating to superannuation...................................................... 59

Part 1‑3—Application of this Act                                                                               61

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                          61

24.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 61

25.......... Meanings of employee and employer................................................ 61

Division 2—Interaction with State and Territory laws                            62

26.......... Act excludes State or Territory industrial laws.................................. 62

27.......... State and Territory laws that are not excluded by section 26............. 64

28.......... Act excludes prescribed State and Territory laws.............................. 65

29.......... Interaction of modern awards and enterprise agreements with State and Territory laws           66

30.......... Act may exclude State and Territory laws etc. in other cases............ 66

Division 2A—Application of this Act in States that refer matters before 1 July 2009  67

30A....... Meaning of terms used in this Division............................................ 67

30B....... Meaning of referring State................................................................ 72

30C....... Extended meaning of national system employee............................... 75

30D....... Extended meaning of national system employer............................... 75

30E........ Extended ordinary meanings of employee and employer................... 76

30F........ Extended meaning of outworker entity.............................................. 76

30G....... General protections........................................................................... 77

30H....... Division only has effect if supported by reference............................ 77

Division 2B—Application of this Act in States that refer matters after 1 July 2009 but on or before 1 January 2010                                                                                    78

30K....... Meaning of terms used in this Division............................................ 78

30L........ Meaning of referring State................................................................ 83

30M...... Extended meaning of national system employee............................... 86

30N....... Extended meaning of national system employer............................... 86

30P........ Extended ordinary meanings of employee and employer................... 87

30Q....... Extended meaning of outworker entity.............................................. 87

30R....... General protections........................................................................... 88

30S........ Division only has effect if supported by reference............................ 88

Division 3—Geographical application of this Act                                       89

31.......... Exclusion of persons etc. insufficiently connected with Australia..... 89

32.......... Regulations may modify application of this Act in certain parts of Australia           89

33.......... Extension of this Act to the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf       90

34.......... Extension of this Act beyond the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf               91

35.......... Meanings of Australian employer and Australian‑based employee.. 93

35A....... Regulations excluding application of Act.......................................... 94

36.......... Geographical application of offences................................................ 94

Division 4—Miscellaneous                                                                                       95

37.......... Act binds Crown............................................................................... 95

38.......... Act not to apply so as to exceed Commonwealth power................... 95

39.......... Acquisition of property..................................................................... 96

40.......... Interaction between fair work instruments and public sector employment laws       96

40A....... Application of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901................................ 97

Chapter 2—Terms and conditions of employment                  98

Part 2‑1—Core provisions for this Chapter                                                        98

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                          98

41.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 98

42.......... Meanings of employee and employer................................................ 99

Division 2—Core provisions for this Chapter                                             100

Subdivision A—Terms and conditions of employment provided under this Act            100

43.......... Terms and conditions of employment provided under this Act....... 100

Subdivision B—Terms and conditions of employment provided by the National Employment Standards            101

44.......... Contravening the National Employment Standards......................... 101

Subdivision C—Terms and conditions of employment provided by a modern award 101

45.......... Contravening a modern award........................................................ 101

46.......... The significance of a modern award applying to a person............... 101

47.......... When a modern award applies to an employer, employee, organisation or outworker entity   102

48.......... When a modern award covers an employer, employee, organisation or outworker entity        103

49.......... When a modern award is in operation............................................. 104

Subdivision D—Terms and conditions of employment provided by an enterprise agreement  105

50.......... Contravening an enterprise agreement............................................. 105

51.......... The significance of an enterprise agreement applying to a person... 105

52.......... When an enterprise agreement applies to an employer, employee or employee organisation    105

53.......... When an enterprise agreement covers an employer, employee or employee organisation         106

54.......... When an enterprise agreement is in operation................................. 107

Division 3—Interaction between the National Employment Standards, modern awards and enterprise agreements                                                                                           109

Subdivision A—Interaction between the National Employment Standards and a modern award or an enterprise agreement                                                                                   109

55.......... Interaction between the National Employment Standards and a modern award or enterprise agreement  109

56.......... Terms of a modern award or enterprise agreement contravening section 55 have no effect      111

Subdivision B—Interaction between modern awards and enterprise agreements         112

57.......... Interaction between modern awards and enterprise agreements...... 112

57A....... Designated outworker terms of a modern award continue to apply. 112

Subdivision C—Interaction between one or more enterprise agreements 113

58.......... Only one enterprise agreement can apply to an employee............... 113

Part 2‑2—The National Employment Standards                                           115

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        115

59.......... Guide to this Part............................................................................ 115

60.......... Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 116

Division 2—The National Employment Standards                                   117

61.......... The National Employment Standards are minimum standards applying to employment of employees     117

Division 3—Maximum weekly hours                                                                118

62.......... Maximum weekly hours................................................................. 118

63.......... Modern awards and enterprise agreements may provide for averaging of hours of work        119

64.......... Averaging of hours of work for award/agreement free employees. 120

Division 4—Requests for flexible working arrangements                    121

65.......... Requests for flexible working arrangements................................... 121

66.......... State and Territory laws that are not excluded................................. 123

Division 5—Parental leave and related entitlements                               124

Subdivision A—General                                                                                       124

67.......... General rule—employee must have completed at least 12 months of service           124

68.......... General rule for adoption‑related leave—child must be under 16 etc. 126

69.......... Transfer of employment situations in which employee is entitled to continue on leave etc.      126

Subdivision B—Parental leave                                                                           127

70.......... Entitlement to unpaid parental leave................................................ 127

71.......... The period of leave—other than for members of an employee couple who each intend to take leave       127

72.......... The period of leave—members of an employee couple who each intend to take leave             129

73.......... Pregnant employee may be required to take unpaid parental leave within 6 weeks before the birth          131

74.......... Notice and evidence requirements................................................... 133

75.......... Extending period of unpaid parental leave—extending to use more of available parental leave period     134

76.......... Extending period of unpaid parental leave—extending for up to 12 months beyond available parental leave period........................................................................................................ 136

77.......... Reducing period of unpaid parental leave........................................ 137

77A....... Pregnancy ends (other than by birth of a living child) or child born alive dies         137

78.......... Employee who ceases to have responsibility for care of child......... 139

79.......... Interaction with paid leave............................................................... 140

79A....... Keeping in touch days..................................................................... 140

79B....... Unpaid parental leave not extended by paid leave or keeping in touch days             141

Subdivision C—Other entitlements                                                                    142

80.......... Unpaid special maternity leave........................................................ 142

81.......... Transfer to a safe job....................................................................... 143

81A....... Paid no safe job leave...................................................................... 144

82.......... Employee on paid no safe job leave may be asked to provide a further medical certificate       144

82A....... Unpaid no safe job leave................................................................. 145

83.......... Consultation with employee on unpaid parental leave..................... 145

84.......... Return to work guarantee................................................................ 146

84A....... Replacement employees.................................................................. 146

85.......... Unpaid pre‑adoption leave.............................................................. 147

Division 6—Annual leave                                                                                       149

86.......... Division applies to employees other than casual employees............ 149

87.......... Entitlement to annual leave.............................................................. 149

88.......... Taking paid annual leave................................................................. 150

89.......... Employee not taken to be on paid annual leave at certain times....... 151

90.......... Payment for annual leave................................................................ 151

91.......... Transfer of employment situations that affect entitlement to payment for period of untaken paid annual leave        151

92.......... Paid annual leave must not be cashed out except in accordance with permitted cashing out terms           152

93.......... Modern awards and enterprise agreements may include terms relating to cashing out and taking paid annual leave........................................................................................................ 152

94.......... Cashing out and taking paid annual leave for award/agreement free employees       153

Division 7—Personal/carer’s leave and compassionate leave            155

Subdivision A—Paid personal/carer’s leave                                                   155

95.......... Subdivision applies to employees other than casual employees...... 155

96.......... Entitlement to paid personal/carer’s leave........................................ 155

97.......... Taking paid personal/carer’s leave.................................................. 155

98.......... Employee taken not to be on paid personal/carer’s leave on public holiday              156

99.......... Payment for paid personal/carer’s leave.......................................... 156

100........ Paid personal/carer’s leave must not be cashed out except in accordance with permitted cashing out terms             156

101........ Modern awards and enterprise agreements may include terms relating to cashing out paid personal/carer’s leave   156

Subdivision B—Unpaid carer’s leave                                                               157

102........ Entitlement to unpaid carer’s leave.................................................. 157

103........ Taking unpaid carer’s leave............................................................. 157

Subdivision C—Compassionate leave                                                               158

104........ Entitlement to compassionate leave................................................. 158

105........ Taking compassionate leave............................................................ 158

106........ Payment for compassionate leave (other than for casual employees) 159

Subdivision D—Notice and evidence requirements                                       159

107........ Notice and evidence requirements................................................... 159

Division 8—Community service leave                                                             161

108........ Entitlement to be absent from employment for engaging in eligible community service activity               161

109........ Meaning of eligible community service activity............................... 161

110........ Notice and evidence requirements................................................... 163

111........ Payment to employees (other than casuals) on jury service............. 163

112........ State and Territory laws that are not excluded................................. 165

Division 9—Long service leave                                                                           167

113........ Entitlement to long service leave..................................................... 167

113A..... Enterprise agreements may contain terms discounting service under prior agreements etc. in certain circumstances........................................................................................................ 169

Division 10—Public holidays                                                                                171

114........ Entitlement to be absent from employment on public holiday......... 171

115........ Meaning of public holiday.............................................................. 172

116........ Payment for absence on public holiday........................................... 173

Division 11—Notice of termination and redundancy pay                     174

Subdivision A—Notice of termination or payment in lieu of notice         174

117........ Requirement for notice of termination or payment in lieu................ 174

118........ Modern awards and enterprise agreements may provide for notice of termination by employees            175

Subdivision B—Redundancy pay                                                                       175

119........ Redundancy pay.............................................................................. 175

120........ Variation of redundancy pay for other employment or incapacity to pay  176

121........ Exclusions from obligation to pay redundancy pay......................... 177

122........ Transfer of employment situations that affect the obligation to pay redundancy pay                177

Subdivision C—Limits on scope of this Division                                            179

123........ Limits on scope of this Division..................................................... 179

Division 12—Fair Work Information Statement                                       181

124........ Fair Work Ombudsman to prepare and publish Fair Work Information Statement  181

125........ Giving new employees the Fair Work Information Statement......... 181

Division 13—Miscellaneous                                                                                   183

126........ Modern awards and enterprise agreements may provide for school‑based apprentices and trainees to be paid loadings in lieu.................................................................................................. 183

127........ Regulations about what modern awards and enterprise agreements can do              183

128........ Relationship between National Employment Standards and agreements etc. permitted by this Part for award/agreement free employees................................................................................ 184

129........ Regulations about what can be agreed to etc. in relation to award/agreement free employees   184

130........ Restriction on taking or accruing leave or absence while receiving workers’ compensation    184

131........ Relationship with other Commonwealth laws................................. 185

Part 2‑3—Modern awards                                                                                            186

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        186

132........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 186

133........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 187

Division 2—Overarching provisions                                                                189

134........ The modern awards objective.......................................................... 189

135........ Special provisions relating to modern award minimum wages........ 190

Division 3—Terms of modern awards                                                             191

Subdivision A—Preliminary                                                                               191

136........ What can be included in modern awards......................................... 191

137........ Terms that contravene section 136 have no effect........................... 192

138........ Achieving the modern awards objective.......................................... 192

Subdivision B—Terms that may be included in modern awards               192

139........ Terms that may be included in modern awards—general................ 192

140........ Outworker terms............................................................................. 193

141........ Industry‑specific redundancy schemes............................................ 194

142........ Incidental and machinery terms....................................................... 195

Subdivision C—Terms that must be included in modern awards              196

143........ Coverage terms of modern awards other than modern enterprise awards and State reference public sector modern awards........................................................................................................ 196

143A..... Coverage terms of modern enterprise awards................................. 198

143B..... Coverage terms of State reference public sector modern awards..... 200

144........ Flexibility terms.............................................................................. 201

145........ Effect of individual flexibility arrangement that does not meet requirements of flexibility term                202

145A..... Consultation about changes to rosters or hours of work................. 203

146........ Terms about settling disputes.......................................................... 203

147........ Ordinary hours of work.................................................................. 204

148........ Base and full rates of pay for pieceworkers.................................... 204

149........ Automatic variation of allowances.................................................. 204

149B..... Term requiring avoidance of liability to pay superannuation guarantee charge         205

149C..... Default fund terms.......................................................................... 205

149D..... Default fund term must provide for contributions to be made to certain funds         205

Subdivision D—Terms that must not be included in modern awards       207

150........ Objectionable terms......................................................................... 207

151........ Terms about payments and deductions for benefit of employer etc. 207

152........ Terms about right of entry............................................................... 208

153........ Terms that are discriminatory.......................................................... 208

154........ Terms that contain State‑based differences...................................... 209

155........ Terms dealing with long service leave............................................. 209

Division 4—4 yearly reviews of modern awards                                       210

156........ 4 yearly reviews of modern awards to be conducted....................... 210

Division 4A—4 yearly reviews of default fund terms of modern awards             212

Subdivision A—4 yearly reviews of default fund terms                               212

156A..... 4 yearly reviews of default fund terms............................................ 212

Subdivision B—The first stage of the 4 yearly review                                 213

156B..... Making the Default Superannuation List......................................... 213

156C..... Applications to list a standard MySuper product............................ 213

156D..... Submissions on applications to list a standard MySuper product... 214

156E...... Determining applications to list a standard MySuper product......... 215

156F...... First stage criteria............................................................................ 215

Subdivision C—Second stage of the 4 yearly review                                    216

156G..... Review of the default fund term of modern awards........................ 216

156H..... Default fund term must specify certain superannuation funds......... 217

156J...... Variation to comply with section 149D........................................... 218

156K..... Transitional authorisation for certain superannuation funds............ 218

Subdivision D—The Schedule of Approved Employer MySuper Products 218

156L...... The Schedule of Approved Employer MySuper Products.............. 218

156M.... FWC to invite applications to include employer MySuper products on schedule     219

156N..... Making applications to include employer MySuper products on schedule               219

156P...... FWC to determine applications....................................................... 220

156Q..... The first stage test........................................................................... 221

156R..... Submissions about the first stage test.............................................. 221

156S...... The second stage test....................................................................... 222

156T...... Submissions about the second stage test......................................... 222

Subdivision E—Publishing documents under this Division                         223

156U..... Publishing documents under this Division...................................... 223

Division 5—Exercising modern award powers outside 4 yearly reviews and annual wage reviews     224

Subdivision A—Exercise of powers if necessary to achieve modern awards objective               224

157........ FWC may vary etc. modern awards if necessary to achieve modern awards objective             224

158........ Applications to vary, revoke or make modern award...................... 225

Subdivision B—Other situations                                                                        227

159........ Variation of modern award to update or omit name of employer, organisation or outworker entity         227

159A..... Variation of default fund term of modern award............................. 228

160........ Variation of modern award to remove ambiguity or uncertainty or correct error      229

161........ Variation of modern award on referral by Australian Human Rights Commission  230

Division 6—General provisions relating to modern award powers 231

162........ General............................................................................................ 231

163........ Special criteria relating to changing coverage of modern awards.... 231

164........ Special criteria for revoking modern awards................................... 232

165........ When variation determinations come into operation, other than determinations setting, varying or revoking modern award minimum wages.............................................................................. 232

166........ When variation determinations setting, varying or revoking modern award minimum wages come into operation  233

167........ Special rules relating to retrospective variations of awards............. 234

168........ Varied modern award must be published........................................ 235

Division 7—Additional provisions relating to modern enterprise awards           236

168A..... Modern enterprise awards............................................................... 236

168B..... The modern enterprise awards objective......................................... 237

168C..... Rules about making and revoking modern enterprise awards......... 237

168D..... Rules about changing coverage of modern enterprise awards......... 239

Division 8—Additional provisions relating to State reference public sector modern awards   240

168E...... State reference public sector modern awards................................... 240

168F...... The State reference public sector modern awards objective............. 240

168G..... Making State reference public sector modern awards on application 241

168H..... State reference public sector modern awards may contain State‑based differences   242

168J...... When State reference public sector modern awards come into operation  242

168K..... Rules about revoking State reference public sector modern awards 243

168L...... Rules about varying coverage of State reference public sector modern awards        244

Part 2‑4—Enterprise agreements                                                                             245

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        245

169........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 245

170........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 246

171........ Objects of this Part.......................................................................... 247

Division 2—Employers and employees may make enterprise agreements          248

172........ Making an enterprise agreement...................................................... 248

Division 3—Bargaining and representation during bargaining        251

173........ Notice of employee representational rights...................................... 251

174........ Content and form of notice of employee representational rights...... 252

176........ Bargaining representatives for proposed enterprise agreements that are not greenfields agreements        253

177........ Bargaining representatives for proposed enterprise agreements that are greenfields agreements              255

178........ Appointment of bargaining representatives—other matters............. 256

178A..... Revocation of appointment of bargaining representatives etc.......... 257

178B..... Notified negotiation period for a proposed single‑enterprise agreement that is a greenfields agreement   258

Division 4—Approval of enterprise agreements                                        259

Subdivision A—Pre‑approval steps and applications for the FWC’s approval             259

180........ Employees must be given a copy of a proposed enterprise agreement etc.               259

181........ Employers may request employees to approve a proposed enterprise agreement     260

182........ When an enterprise agreement is made............................................ 261

183........ Entitlement of an employee organisation to have an enterprise agreement cover it   262

184........ Multi‑enterprise agreement to be varied if not all employees approve the agreement                263

185........ Bargaining representative must apply for the FWC’s approval of an enterprise agreement      264

185A..... Material that must accompany an application under subsection 182(4) for approval of a greenfields agreement      265

Subdivision B—Approval of enterprise agreements by the FWC             265

186........ When the FWC must approve an enterprise agreement—general requirements        265

187........ When the FWC must approve an enterprise agreement—additional requirements    267

188........ When employees have genuinely agreed to an enterprise agreement 269

189........ FWC may approve an enterprise agreement that does not pass better off overall test—public interest test               269

190........ FWC may approve an enterprise agreement with undertakings....... 270

191........ Effect of undertakings..................................................................... 271

192........ When the FWC may refuse to approve an enterprise agreement..... 272

Subdivision C—Better off overall test                                                              272

193........ Passing the better off overall test..................................................... 272

Subdivision D—Unlawful terms                                                                         274

194........ Meaning of unlawful term............................................................... 274

195........ Meaning of discriminatory term..................................................... 275

Subdivision E—Approval requirements relating to particular kinds of employees     276

196........ Shiftworkers................................................................................... 276

197........ Pieceworkers—enterprise agreement includes pieceworker term.... 277

198........ Pieceworkers—enterprise agreement does not include a pieceworker term              277

199........ School‑based apprentices and school‑based trainees....................... 278

200........ Outworkers..................................................................................... 279

Subdivision F—Other matters                                                                            279

201........ Approval decision to note certain matters........................................ 279

Division 5—Mandatory terms of enterprise agreements                      281

202........ Enterprise agreements to include a flexibility term etc..................... 281

203........ Requirements to be met by a flexibility term................................... 282

204........ Effect of arrangement that does not meet requirements of flexibility term                283

205........ Enterprise agreements to include a consultation term etc................. 284

Division 6—Base rate of pay under enterprise agreements                286

206........ Base rate of pay under an enterprise agreement must not be less than the modern award rate or the national minimum wage order rate etc.......................................................................... 286

Division 7—Variation and termination of enterprise agreements   288

Subdivision A—Variation of enterprise agreements by employers and employees      288

207........ Variation of an enterprise agreement may be made by employers and employees    288

208........ Employers may request employees to approve a proposed variation of an enterprise agreement              289

209........ When a variation of an enterprise agreement is made...................... 289

210........ Application for the FWC’s approval of a variation of an enterprise agreement        290

211........ When the FWC must approve a variation of an enterprise agreement 290

212........ FWC may approve a variation of an enterprise agreement with undertakings          293

213........ Effect of undertakings..................................................................... 293

214........ When the FWC may refuse to approve a variation of an enterprise agreement         294

215........ Approval decision to note undertakings.......................................... 294

216........ When variation comes into operation.............................................. 295

Subdivision B—Variations of enterprise agreements where there is ambiguity, uncertainty or discrimination  295

217........ Variation of an enterprise agreement to remove an ambiguity or uncertainty            295

217A..... FWC may deal with certain disputes about variations..................... 295

218........ Variation of an enterprise agreement on referral by Australian Human Rights Commission    296

Subdivision C—Termination of enterprise agreements by employers and employees                297

219........ Employers and employees may agree to terminate an enterprise agreement              297

220........ Employers may request employees to approve a proposed termination of an enterprise agreement          297

221........ When termination of an enterprise agreement is agreed to............... 298

222........ Application for the FWC’s approval of a termination of an enterprise agreement    298

223........ When the FWC must approve a termination of an enterprise agreement.. 299

224........ When termination comes into operation.......................................... 300

Subdivision D—Termination of enterprise agreements after nominal expiry date      300

225........ Application for termination of an enterprise agreement after its nominal expiry date                300

226........ When the FWC must terminate an enterprise agreement................. 300

227........ When termination comes into operation.......................................... 301

Division 8—FWC’s general role in facilitating bargaining                  302

Subdivision A—Bargaining orders                                                                   302

228........ Bargaining representatives must meet the good faith bargaining requirements         302

229........ Applications for bargaining orders.................................................. 303

230........ When the FWC may make a bargaining order................................. 304

231........ What a bargaining order must specify............................................. 305

232........ Operation of a bargaining order...................................................... 307

233........ Contravening a bargaining order..................................................... 307

Subdivision B—Serious breach declarations                                                  307

234........ Applications for serious breach declarations................................... 307

235........ When the FWC may make a serious breach declaration.................. 308

Subdivision C—Majority support determinations and scope orders        310

236........ Majority support determinations..................................................... 310

237........ When the FWC must make a majority support determination......... 310

238........ Scope orders................................................................................... 311

239........ Operation of a scope order.............................................................. 313

Subdivision D—FWC may deal with a bargaining dispute on request     314

240........ Application for the FWC to deal with a bargaining dispute............. 314

Division 9—Low‑paid bargaining                                                                      315

241........ Objects of this Division.................................................................. 315

242........ Low‑paid authorisations.................................................................. 315

243........ When the FWC must make a low‑paid authorisation...................... 316

244........ Variation of low‑paid authorisations—general................................ 318

245........ Variation of low‑paid authorisations—enterprise agreement etc. comes into operation            319

246........ FWC’s assistance for the low‑paid................................................. 319

Division 10—Single interest employer authorisations                            321

Subdivision A—Declaration that employers may bargain together for a proposed enterprise agreement            321

247........ Ministerial declaration that employers may bargain together for a proposed enterprise agreement           321

Subdivision B—Single interest employer authorisations                             322

248........ Single interest employer authorisations........................................... 322

249........ When the FWC must make a single interest employer authorisation 322

250........ What a single interest employer authorisation must specify............ 324

251........ Variation of single interest employer authorisations........................ 324

252........ Variation to extend period single interest employer authorisation is in operation     325

Division 11—Other matters                                                                                  326

253........ Terms of an enterprise agreement that are of no effect.................... 326

254........ Applications by bargaining representatives..................................... 326

255........ Part does not empower the FWC to make certain orders................. 327

255A..... Limitations relating to greenfields agreements................................. 327

256........ Prospective employers and employees............................................ 328

256A..... How employees, employers and employee organisations are to be described          328

257........ Enterprise agreements may incorporate material in force from time to time etc.        329

Part 2‑5—Workplace determinations                                                                    330

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        330

258........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 330

259........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 331

Division 2—Low‑paid workplace determinations                                     332

260........ Applications for low‑paid workplace determinations...................... 332

261........ When the FWC must make a consent low‑paid workplace determination                333

262........ When the FWC must make a special low‑paid workplace determination—general requirements             334

263........ When the FWC must make a special low‑paid workplace determination—additional requirements         335

264........ Terms etc. of a low‑paid workplace determination.......................... 336

265........ No other terms................................................................................ 336

Division 3—Industrial action related workplace determinations     337

266........ When the FWC must make an industrial action related workplace determination     337

267........ Terms etc. of an industrial action related workplace determination.. 338

268........ No other terms................................................................................ 339

Division 4—Bargaining related workplace determinations                 340

269........ When the FWC must make a bargaining related workplace determination               340

270........ Terms etc. of a bargaining related workplace determination............ 341

271........ No other terms................................................................................ 343

271A..... Limitations relating to greenfields agreements................................. 343

Division 5—Core terms, mandatory terms and agreed terms of workplace determinations etc.           344

272........ Core terms of workplace determinations......................................... 344

273........ Mandatory terms of workplace determinations............................... 345

274........ Agreed terms for workplace determinations.................................... 346

275........ Factors the FWC must take into account in deciding terms of a workplace determination        347

Division 6—Operation, coverage and interaction etc. of workplace determinations    348

276........ When a workplace determination operates etc................................. 348

277........ Employers, employees and employee organisations covered by a workplace determination    348

278........ Interaction of a workplace determination with enterprise agreements etc. 349

279........ Act applies to a workplace determination as if it were an enterprise agreement        350

Division 7—Other matters                                                                                     352

280........ Contravening a workplace determination........................................ 352

281........ Applications by bargaining representatives..................................... 352

281A..... How employees, employers and employee organisations are to be described          353

Part 2‑6—Minimum wages                                                                                           354

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        354

282........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 354

283........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 355

Division 2—Overarching provisions                                                                356

284........ The minimum wages objective........................................................ 356

Division 3—Annual wage reviews                                                                     358

Subdivision A—Main provisions                                                                        358

285........ Annual wage reviews to be conducted............................................ 358

286........ When annual wage review determinations varying modern awards come into operation         358

287........ When national minimum wage orders come into operation etc........ 359

Subdivision B—Provisions about conduct of annual wage reviews          361

288........ General............................................................................................ 361

289........ Everyone to have a reasonable opportunity to make and comment on submissions 361

290........ President may direct investigations and reports............................... 362

291........ Research must be published............................................................ 363

292........ Varied wage rates must be published.............................................. 363

Division 4—National minimum wage orders                                               364

293........ Contravening a national minimum wage order................................ 364

294........ Content of national minimum wage order—main provisions.......... 364

295........ Content of national minimum wage order—other matters............... 365

296........ Variation of national minimum wage order to remove ambiguity or uncertainty or correct error              366

297........ When determinations varying national minimum wage orders come into operation 366

298........ Special rule about retrospective variations of national minimum wage orders          367

299........ When a national minimum wage order is in operation..................... 368

Part 2‑7—Equal remuneration                                                                                  369

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        369

300........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 369

301........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 369

Division 2—Equal remuneration orders                                                        370

302........ FWC may make an order requiring equal remuneration.................. 370

303........ Equal remuneration order may increase, but must not reduce, rates of remuneration                371

304........ Equal remuneration order may implement equal remuneration in stages.. 371

305........ Contravening an equal remuneration order...................................... 371

306........ Inconsistency with modern awards, enterprise agreements and orders of the FWC 372

Part 2‑8—Transfer of business                                                                                  373

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        373

307........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 373

308........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 373

309........ Object of this Part........................................................................... 374

Division 2—Transfer of instruments                                                                375

310........ Application of this Division............................................................ 375

311........ When does a transfer of business occur.......................................... 375

312........ Instruments that may transfer.......................................................... 377

313........ Transferring employees and new employer covered by transferable instrument       377

314........ New non‑transferring employees of new employer may be covered by transferable instrument              378

315........ Organisations covered by transferable instrument........................... 379

316........ Transferring employees who are high income employees............... 380

Division 3—Powers of the FWC                                                                         382

317........ FWC may make orders in relation to a transfer of business............ 382

318........ Orders relating to instruments covering new employer and transferring employees 382

319........ Orders relating to instruments covering new employer and non‑transferring employees         384

320........ Variation of transferable instruments.............................................. 386

Part 2‑9—Other terms and conditions of employment                               388

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        388

321........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 388

322........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 388

Division 2—Payment of wages                                                                            389

323........ Method and frequency of payment.................................................. 389

324........ Permitted deductions....................................................................... 390

325........ Unreasonable requirements to spend amount.................................. 390

326........ Certain terms have no effect............................................................ 391

327........ Things given or provided, and amounts required to be spent, in contravention of this Division              392

Division 3—Guarantee of annual earnings                                                   393

328........ Employer obligations in relation to guarantee of annual earnings.... 393

329........ High income employee.................................................................... 394

330........ Guarantee of annual earnings and annual rate of guarantee............. 395

331........ Guaranteed period........................................................................... 396

332........ Earnings.......................................................................................... 396

333........ High income threshold.................................................................... 397

333A..... Prospective employees.................................................................... 398

Chapter 3—Rights and responsibilities of employees, employers, organisations etc.                                                                                                                       399

Part 3‑1—General protections                                                                                   399

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        399

334........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 399

335........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 399

336........ Objects of this Part.......................................................................... 400

Division 2—Application of this Part                                                                 401

337........ Application of this Part................................................................... 401

338........ Action to which this Part applies..................................................... 401

339........ Additional effect of this Part........................................................... 402

Division 3—Workplace rights                                                                              404

340........ Protection........................................................................................ 404

341........ Meaning of workplace right............................................................ 404

342........ Meaning of adverse action.............................................................. 406

343........ Coercion.......................................................................................... 409

344........ Undue influence or pressure........................................................... 409

345........ Misrepresentations.......................................................................... 410

Division 4—Industrial activities                                                                          411

346........ Protection........................................................................................ 411

347........ Meaning of engages in industrial activity....................................... 411

348........ Coercion.......................................................................................... 412

349........ Misrepresentations.......................................................................... 412

350........ Inducements—membership action.................................................. 413

Division 5—Other protections                                                                             414

351........ Discrimination................................................................................. 414

352........ Temporary absence—illness or injury............................................. 415

353........ Bargaining services fees.................................................................. 415

354........ Coverage by particular instruments................................................. 416

355........ Coercion—allocation of duties etc. to particular person.................. 416

356........ Objectionable terms......................................................................... 417

Division 6—Sham arrangements                                                                        418

357........ Misrepresenting employment as independent contracting arrangement 418

358........ Dismissing to engage as independent contractor............................. 418

359........ Misrepresentation to engage as independent contractor................... 418

Division 7—Ancillary rules                                                                                   420

360........ Multiple reasons for action.............................................................. 420

361........ Reason for action to be presumed unless proved otherwise............ 420

362........ Advising, encouraging, inciting or coercing action......................... 420

363........ Actions of industrial associations.................................................... 420

364........ Unincorporated industrial associations............................................ 422

Division 8—Compliance                                                                                          423

Subdivision A—Contraventions involving dismissal                                    423

365........ Application for the FWC to deal with a dismissal dispute............... 423

366........ Time for application........................................................................ 423

367........ Application fees.............................................................................. 423

368........ Dealing with a dismissal dispute (other than by arbitration)............ 424

369........ Dealing with a dismissal dispute by arbitration............................... 425

370........ Taking a dismissal dispute to court................................................. 426

Subdivision B—Other contraventions                                                              426

372........ Application for the FWC to deal with a non‑dismissal dispute....... 426

373........ Application fees.............................................................................. 427

374........ Conferences.................................................................................... 427

375........ Advice on general protections court application.............................. 427

Subdivision C—Appeals and costs orders                                                        428

375A..... Appeal rights................................................................................... 428

375B..... Costs orders against parties............................................................. 428

376........ Costs orders against lawyers and paid agents................................. 428

377........ Applications for costs orders.......................................................... 429

377A..... Schedule of costs............................................................................ 429

378........ Contravening costs orders............................................................... 430

Part 3‑2—Unfair dismissal                                                                                           431

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        431

379........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 431

380........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 431

381........ Object of this Part........................................................................... 431

Division 2—Protection from unfair dismissal                                              433

382........ When a person is protected from unfair dismissal........................... 433

383........ Meaning of minimum employment period...................................... 433

384........ Period of employment..................................................................... 433

Division 3—What is an unfair dismissal                                                         435

385........ What is an unfair dismissal............................................................. 435

386........ Meaning of dismissed..................................................................... 435

387........ Criteria for considering harshness etc............................................. 436

388........ The Small Business Fair Dismissal Code....................................... 437

389........ Meaning of genuine redundancy..................................................... 437

Division 4—Remedies for unfair dismissal                                                    438

390........ When the FWC may order remedy for unfair dismissal.................. 438

391........ Remedy—reinstatement etc............................................................. 438

392........ Remedy—compensation................................................................. 440

393........ Monetary orders may be in instalments........................................... 441

Division 5—Procedural matters                                                                         442

394........ Application for unfair dismissal remedy......................................... 442

395........ Application fees.............................................................................. 442

396........ Initial matters to be considered before merits.................................. 443

397........ Matters involving contested facts.................................................... 443

398........ Conferences.................................................................................... 443

399........ Hearings.......................................................................................... 444

399A..... Dismissing applications.................................................................. 444

400........ Appeal rights................................................................................... 445

400A..... Costs orders against parties............................................................. 445

401........ Costs orders against lawyers and paid agents................................. 445

402........ Applications for costs orders.......................................................... 446

403........ Schedule of costs............................................................................ 446

404........ Security for costs............................................................................ 447

405........ Contravening orders under this Part................................................ 447

Part 3‑3—Industrial action                                                                                           448

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        448

406........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 448

407........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 449

Division 2—Protected industrial action                                                          450

Subdivision A—What is protected industrial action                                     450

408........ Protected industrial action............................................................... 450

409........ Employee claim action..................................................................... 450

410........ Employee response action............................................................... 452

411........ Employer response action............................................................... 452

412........ Pattern bargaining........................................................................... 453

Subdivision B—Common requirements for industrial action to be protected industrial action                454

413........ Common requirements that apply for industrial action to be protected industrial action           454

414........ Notice requirements for industrial action......................................... 456

Subdivision C—Significance of industrial action being protected industrial action    457

415........ Immunity provision......................................................................... 457

416........ Employer response action—employer may refuse to make payments to employees 457

416A..... Employer response action does not affect continuity of employment 457

Division 3—No industrial action before nominal expiry date of enterprise agreement etc.       459

417........ Industrial action must not be organised or engaged in before nominal expiry date of enterprise agreement etc.       459

Division 4—FWC orders stopping etc. industrial action                       461

418........ FWC must order that industrial action by employees or employers stop etc.            461

419........ FWC must order that industrial action by non‑national system employees or non‑national system employers stop etc......................................................................................................... 462

420........ Interim orders etc............................................................................ 463

421........ Contravening an order etc............................................................... 463

Division 5—Injunction against industrial action if pattern bargaining is being engaged in       465

422........ Injunction against industrial action if a bargaining representative is engaging in pattern bargaining         465

Division 6—Suspension or termination of protected industrial action by the FWC       466

423........ FWC may suspend or terminate protected industrial action—significant economic harm etc.  466

424........ FWC must suspend or terminate protected industrial action—endangering life etc. 468

425........ FWC must suspend protected industrial action—cooling off.......... 469

426........ FWC must suspend protected industrial action—significant harm to a third party   470

427........ FWC must specify the period of suspension................................... 471

428........ Extension of a period of suspension............................................... 472

429........ Employee claim action without a further protected action ballot after a period of suspension etc.            472

430........ Notice of employee claim action engaged in after a period of suspension etc.          473

Division 7—Ministerial declarations                                                                475

431........ Ministerial declaration terminating industrial action........................ 475

432........ Informing people of declaration...................................................... 475

433........ Ministerial directions to remove or reduce threat............................. 476

434........ Contravening a Ministerial direction............................................... 476

Division 8—Protected action ballots                                                                477

Subdivision A—Introduction                                                                               477

435........ Guide to this Division..................................................................... 477

436........ Object of this Division.................................................................... 477

Subdivision B—Protected action ballot orders                                              478

437........ Application for a protected action ballot order................................. 478

438........ Restriction on when application may be made................................. 479

439........ Joint applications............................................................................. 479

440........ Notice of application....................................................................... 480

441........ Application to be determined within 2 days after it is made............ 480

442........ Dealing with multiple applications together..................................... 480

443........ When the FWC must make a protected action ballot order.............. 481

444........ FWC may decide on ballot agent other than the Australian Electoral Commission and independent advisor           482

445........ Notice of protected action ballot order............................................. 483

446........ Protected action ballot order may require 2 or more protected action ballots to be held at the same time  483

447........ Variation of protected action ballot order........................................ 484

448........ Revocation of protected action ballot order..................................... 484

Subdivision C—Conduct of protected action ballot                                      484

449........ Protected action ballot to be conducted by Australian Electoral Commission or other specified ballot agent            484

450........ Directions for conduct of protected action ballot............................. 485

451........ Timetable for protected action ballot................................................ 486

452........ Compilation of roll of voters........................................................... 487

453........ Who is eligible to be included on the roll of voters......................... 487

454........ Variation of roll of voters................................................................ 488

455........ Protected action ballot papers.......................................................... 490

456........ Who may vote in protected action ballot.......................................... 490

457........ Results of protected action ballot..................................................... 490

458........ Report about conduct of protected action ballot............................... 490

Subdivision D—Effect of protected action ballot                                          492

459........ Circumstances in which industrial action is authorised by protected action ballot    492

460........ Immunity for persons who act in good faith on protected action ballot results         493

461........ Validity of protected action ballot etc. not affected by technical breaches 494

Subdivision E—Compliance                                                                                495

462........ Interferences etc. with protected action ballot.................................. 495

463........ Contravening a protected action ballot order etc.............................. 497

Subdivision F—Liability for costs of protected action ballot                     497

464........ Costs of protected action ballot conducted by the Australian Electoral Commission                497

465........ Costs of protected action ballot conducted by protected action ballot agent other than the Australian Electoral Commission.................................................................................... 498

466........ Costs of legal challenges................................................................. 498

Subdivision G—Miscellaneous                                                                           499

467........ Information about employees on roll of voters not to be disclosed. 499

468........ Records........................................................................................... 500

469........ Regulations..................................................................................... 500

Division 9—Payments relating to periods of industrial action           501

Subdivision A—Protected industrial action                                                    501

470........ Payments not to be made relating to certain periods of industrial action 501

471........ Payments relating to partial work bans............................................ 502

472........ Orders by the FWC relating to certain partial work bans................ 504

473........ Accepting or seeking payments relating to periods of industrial action 505

Subdivision B—Industrial action that is not protected industrial action 506

474........ Payments not to be made relating to certain periods of industrial action 506

475........ Accepting or seeking payments relating to periods of industrial action 507

Subdivision CMiscellaneous                                                                            508

476........ Other responses to industrial action unaffected............................... 508

Division 10—Other matters                                                                                  509

477........ Applications by bargaining representatives..................................... 509

Part 3‑4—Right of entry                                                                                                510

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        510

478........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 510

479........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 510

480........ Object of this Part........................................................................... 511

Division 2—Entry rights under this Act                                                         512

Subdivision A—Entry to investigate suspected contravention                   512

481........ Entry to investigate suspected contravention................................... 512

482........ Rights that may be exercised while on premises............................. 513

483........ Later access to record or document................................................. 514

483AA.. Application to the FWC for access to non‑member records............ 515

Subdivision AA—Entry to investigate suspected contravention relating to TCF award workers             516

483A..... Entry to investigate suspected contravention relating to TCF award workers           516

483B..... Rights that may be exercised while on premises............................. 518

483C..... Later access to record or document................................................. 519

483D..... Entry onto other premises to access records and documents........... 520

483E...... Later access to record or document—other premises...................... 521

Subdivision B—Entry to hold discussions                                                        522

484........ Entry to hold discussions................................................................ 522

Subdivision C—Requirements for permit holders                                         523

486........ Permit holder must not contravene this Subdivision....................... 523

487........ Giving entry notice or exemption certificate.................................... 523

488........ Contravening entry permit conditions............................................. 524

489........ Producing authority documents....................................................... 524

490........ When right may be exercised.......................................................... 525

491........ Occupational health and safety requirements................................... 525

492........ Location of interviews and discussions........................................... 525

492A..... Route to location of interview and discussions............................... 526

493........ Residential premises........................................................................ 526

Division 3—State or Territory OHS rights                                                  527

494........ Official must be permit holder to exercise State or Territory OHS right.. 527

495........ Giving notice of entry..................................................................... 528

496........ Contravening entry permit conditions............................................. 529

497........ Producing entry permit.................................................................... 529

498........ When right may be exercised.......................................................... 529

499........ Occupational health and safety requirements................................... 529

Division 4—Prohibitions                                                                                         531

500........ Permit holder must not hinder or obstruct....................................... 531

501........ Person must not refuse or delay entry............................................. 531

502........ Person must not hinder or obstruct permit holder........................... 531

503........ Misrepresentations about things authorised by this Part................. 532

504........ Unauthorised use or disclosure of information or documents......... 532

Division 5—Powers of the FWC                                                                         534

Subdivision A—Dealing with disputes                                                               534

505........ FWC may deal with a dispute about the operation of this Part........ 534

505A..... FWC may deal with a dispute about frequency of entry to hold discussions            536

506........ Contravening order made to deal with dispute................................ 537

Subdivision B—Taking action against permit holder                                  537

507........ FWC may take action against permit holder.................................... 537

Subdivision C—Restricting rights of organisations and officials where misuse of rights           538

508........ FWC may restrict rights if organisation or official has misused rights 538

509........ Contravening order made for misuse of rights................................ 539

Subdivision D—When the FWC must revoke or suspend entry permits  539

510........ When the FWC must revoke or suspend entry permits................... 539

Subdivision E—General rules for suspending entry permits                      541

511........ General rules for suspending entry permits..................................... 541

Division 6—Entry permits, entry notices and certificates                    542

Subdivision A—Entry permits                                                                            542

512........ FWC may issue entry permits......................................................... 542

513........ Considering application................................................................... 542

514........ When the FWC must not issue permit............................................. 543

515........ Conditions on entry permit.............................................................. 543

516........ Expiry of entry permit..................................................................... 544

517........ Return of entry permits to the FWC................................................ 545

Subdivision B—Entry notices                                                                             545

518........ Entry notice requirements................................................................ 545

Subdivision C—Exemption certificates                                                            547

519........ Exemption certificates..................................................................... 547

Subdivision D—Affected member certificates                                                548

520........ Affected member certificates........................................................... 548

Subdivision E—Miscellaneous                                                                            548

521........ Regulations dealing with instruments under this Part...................... 548

Division 7—Accommodation and transport arrangements in remote areas      550

521A..... Meaning of accommodation arrangement...................................... 550

521B..... Meaning of transport arrangement................................................ 550

521C..... Accommodation arrangements for remote areas.............................. 551

521D..... Transport arrangements for remote areas........................................ 552

Part 3‑5—Stand down                                                                                                     554

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        554

522........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 554

523........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 554

Division 2—Circumstances allowing stand down                                      555

524........ Employer may stand down employees in certain circumstances...... 555

525........ Employee not stood down during a period of authorised leave or absence               556

Division 3—Dealing with disputes                                                                      557

526........ FWC may deal with a dispute about the operation of this Part........ 557

527........ Contravening an FWC order dealing with a dispute about the operation of this Part                557

Part 3‑6—Other rights and responsibilities                                                        558

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        558

528........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 558

529........ Meanings of employee and employer.............................................. 558

Division 2—Notification and consultation relating to certain dismissals              559

Subdivision A—Requirement to notify Centrelink                                        559

530........ Employer to notify Centrelink of certain proposed dismissals........ 559

Subdivision B—Failure to notify or consult registered employee associations             560

531........ FWC may make orders where failure to notify or consult registered employee associations about dismissals         560

532........ Orders that the FWC may make...................................................... 561

533........ Application for an FWC order........................................................ 562

Subdivision C—Limits on scope of this Division                                            562

534........ Limits on scope of this Division..................................................... 562

Division 3—Employer obligations in relation to employee records and pay slips           564

535........ Employer obligations in relation to employee records..................... 564

536........ Employer obligations in relation to pay slips................................... 564

 


An Act relating to workplace relations, and for related purposes

Chapter 1Introduction

Part 1‑1Introduction

Division 1Preliminary

1  Short title

                   This Act may be cited as the Fair Work Act 2009.

2  Commencement

             (1)  Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Commencement information

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Provision(s)

Commencement

Date/Details

1.  Sections 1 and 2 and anything in this Act not elsewhere covered by this table

The day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent.

7 April 2009

2.  Sections 3 to 40

A single day to be fixed by Proclamation.

However, if any of the provision(s) do not commence within the period of 12 months beginning on the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent, they commence on the first day after the end of that period.

26 May 2009

(see F2009L01818)

3.  Sections 41 to 572

A day or days to be fixed by Proclamation.

A Proclamation must not specify a day that occurs before the day on which the Fair Work (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 2009 receives the Royal Assent.

However, if any of the provision(s) do not commence within the period of 12 months beginning on the day on which the Fair Work (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 2009 receives the Royal Assent, they commence on the first day after the end of that period.

Sections 41–43, 50–54, 58, 169–281A, 300–327, 332, 333, 334–572: 1 July 2009 (see F2009L02563)

Sections 44–49, 55–57A, 59–168, 282–299, 328–331, 333A: 1 January 2010 (see F2009L02563)

4.  Sections 573 to 718

At the same time as the provision(s) covered by table item 2.

26 May 2009

5.  Sections 719 to 800

A day or days to be fixed by Proclamation.

A Proclamation must not specify a day that occurs before the day on which the Fair Work (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 2009 receives the Royal Assent.

However, if any of the provision(s) do not commence within the period of 12 months beginning on the day on which the Fair Work (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 2009 receives the Royal Assent, they commence on the first day after the end of that period.

Sections 719–740, 769–800: 1 July 2009 (see F2009L02563)

Sections 741–768: 1 January 2010 (see F2009L02563)

6.  Schedule 1

At the same time as the provision(s) covered by table item 2.

26 May 2009

Note:          This table relates only to the provisions of this Act as originally passed by both Houses of the Parliament and assented to. It will not be expanded to deal with provisions inserted in this Act after assent.

             (2)  Column 3 of the table contains additional information that is not part of this Act. Information in this column may be added to or edited in any published version of this Act.

Division 2Object of this Act

3  Object of this Act

                   The object of this Act is to provide a balanced framework for cooperative and productive workplace relations that promotes national economic prosperity and social inclusion for all Australians by:

                     (a)  providing workplace relations laws that are fair to working Australians, are flexible for businesses, promote productivity and economic growth for Australia’s future economic prosperity and take into account Australia’s international labour obligations; and

                     (b)  ensuring a guaranteed safety net of fair, relevant and enforceable minimum terms and conditions through the National Employment Standards, modern awards and national minimum wage orders; and

                     (c)  ensuring that the guaranteed safety net of fair, relevant and enforceable minimum wages and conditions can no longer be undermined by the making of statutory individual employment agreements of any kind given that such agreements can never be part of a fair workplace relations system; and

                     (d)  assisting employees to balance their work and family responsibilities by providing for flexible working arrangements; and

                     (e)  enabling fairness and representation at work and the prevention of discrimination by recognising the right to freedom of association and the right to be represented, protecting against unfair treatment and discrimination, providing accessible and effective procedures to resolve grievances and disputes and providing effective compliance mechanisms; and

                      (f)  achieving productivity and fairness through an emphasis on enterprise‑level collective bargaining underpinned by simple good faith bargaining obligations and clear rules governing industrial action; and

                     (g)  acknowledging the special circumstances of small and medium‑sized businesses.

Division 3Guide to this Act

4  Guide to this Act

Overview of this Act

             (1)  This Act is about workplace relations. It:

                     (a)  provides for terms and conditions of employment (Chapter 2); and

                     (b)  sets out rights and responsibilities of employees, employers and organisations in relation to that employment (Chapter 3); and

                     (c)  provides for compliance with, and enforcement of, this Act (Chapter 4); and

                     (d)  provides for the administration of this Act by establishing the Fair Work Commission and the Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman (Chapter 5); and

                     (e)  deals with other matters relating to the above (Chapter 6).

Overview of the rest of this Chapter

             (2)  The rest of this Chapter deals with:

                     (a)  definitions that are used in this Act (Part 1‑2); and

                     (b)  the application of this Act (Part 1‑3), including how this Act interacts with certain State and Territory laws and its geographical application.

Definitions

             (3)  Many of the terms in this Act are defined. The Dictionary in section 12 contains a list of every term that is defined in this Act.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for amendments

             (4)  Schedule 1 contains application, saving and transitional provisions relating to amendments of this Act.

5  Terms and conditions of employment (Chapter 2)

             (1)  Chapter 2 provides for terms and conditions of employment of national system employees.

             (2)  Part 2‑1 has the core provisions for the Chapter. It deals with compliance with, and interaction between, the sources of the main terms and conditions provided under this Act—the National Employment Standards, modern awards and enterprise agreements.

Note:          Workplace determinations are another source of main terms and conditions. In most cases, this Act applies to a workplace determination as if it were an enterprise agreement in operation (see section 279).

Main terms and conditions

             (3)  Part 2‑2 contains the National Employment Standards, which are minimum terms and conditions that apply to all national system employees.

             (4)  Part 2‑3 is about modern awards. A modern award is made for a particular industry or occupation and provides additional minimum terms and conditions for those national system employees to whom it applies. A modern award can have terms that are ancillary or supplementary to the National Employment Standards.

             (5)  Part 2‑4 is about enterprise agreements. An enterprise agreement is made at the enterprise level and provides terms and conditions for those national system employees to whom it applies. An enterprise agreement can have terms that are ancillary or supplementary to the National Employment Standards.

             (6)  Part 2‑5 is about workplace determinations. A workplace determination provides terms and conditions for those national system employees to whom it applies. A workplace determination is made by the FWC if certain conditions are met.

             (7)  Part 2‑8 provides for the transfer of certain modern awards, enterprise agreements, workplace determinations and other instruments if there is a transfer of business from one national system employer to another national system employer.

Other terms and conditions

             (8)  In addition, other terms and conditions of employment for national system employees include those:

                     (a)  provided by a national minimum wage order (see Part 2‑6) or an equal remuneration order (see Part 2‑7); and

                     (b)  provided by Part 2‑9 (which deals with the frequency and method of making payments to employees, deductions from payments and high‑income employees).

6  Rights and responsibilities of employees, employers, organisations etc. (Chapter 3)

             (1)  Chapter 3 sets out rights and responsibilities of national system employees, national system employers, organisations and others (such as independent contractors and industrial associations).

             (2)  Part 3‑1 provides general workplace protections. It:

                     (a)  protects workplace rights; and

                     (b)  protects freedom of association and involvement in lawful industrial activities; and

                     (c)  provides other protections, including protection from discrimination.

             (3)  Part 3‑2 deals with unfair dismissal of national system employees, and the granting of remedies when that happens.

             (4)  Part 3‑3 deals mainly with industrial action by national system employees and national system employers and sets out when industrial action is protected industrial action. No action lies under any law in force in a State or Territory in relation to protected industrial action except in certain circumstances.

             (5)  Part 3‑4 is about the rights of officials of organisations who hold entry permits to enter premises for purposes related to their representative role under this Act and under State or Territory OHS laws. In exercising those rights, permit holders must comply with the requirements set out in the Part.

             (6)  Part 3‑5 allows a national system employer to stand down a national system employee without pay in certain circumstances.

             (7)  Part 3‑6 deals with other rights and responsibilities of national system employers in relation to:

                     (a)  termination of employment; and

                     (b)  keeping records and giving payslips.

7  Compliance and enforcement (Chapter 4)

             (1)  Chapter 4 provides for compliance with, and enforcement of, this Act.

             (2)  Part 4‑1 is about civil remedies. Certain provisions in this Act impose obligations on certain persons. Civil remedies may be sought in relation to contraventions of these civil remedy provisions. Part 4‑1:

                     (a)  deals with applications for orders for contraventions of civil remedy provisions; and

                     (b)  sets out the orders the courts can make in relation to a contravention of a civil remedy provision.

             (3)  Part 4‑2 is about the jurisdiction and powers of the courts in relation to matters arising under this Act.

8  Administration (Chapter 5)

             (1)  Chapter 5 provides for the administration of this Act by establishing the Fair Work Commission and the Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman.

             (2)  Part 5‑1 is about the Fair Work Commission. It:

                     (a)  establishes and confers functions on the FWC; and

                     (b)  sets out how matters before the FWC are to be conducted (for example, how the FWC is to deal with applications made to it).

             (3)  Part 5‑2 is about the Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman. It:

                     (a)  establishes and confers functions on the Fair Work Ombudsman; and

                     (b)  confers functions and powers on Fair Work Inspectors.

9  Miscellaneous (Chapter 6)

             (1)  Chapter 6 is a collection of miscellaneous matters that relate to the other Chapters.

             (2)  Part 6‑1 provides rules relating to applications for remedies under this Act. It prevents certain applications if other remedies are available and prevents multiple applications or complaints in relation to the same conduct.

             (3)  Part 6‑2 is about dealing with disputes between national system employees and their employers under modern awards, enterprise agreements and contracts of employment.

             (4)  Part 6‑3 extends the National Employment Standards relating to unpaid parental leave and notice of termination to non‑national system employees.

          (4A)  Part 6‑3A provides for the transfer of terms and conditions of employment that are provided for in particular State industrial instruments if there is a transfer of business from a non‑national system employer that is a State public sector employer of the State to a national system employer.

             (5)  Part 6‑4 contains provisions to give effect, or further effect, to certain international agreements relating to termination of employment.

          (5A)  Part 6‑4A contains special provisions about TCF outworkers.

          (5B)  Part 6‑4B allows a worker who has been bullied at work to apply to the FWC for an order to stop the bullying.

             (6)  Part 6‑5 deals with miscellaneous matters such as delegations and regulations.

9A  Application, transitional and saving provisions for amendments (Schedules)

                   The Schedules contain application, transitional and saving provisions relating to amendments of this Act.

Note:          Application, transitional and saving provisions relating to the enactment of this Act, and States becoming referring States, are in the Transitional Act.

Part 1‑2Definitions

Division 1Introduction

10  Guide to this Part

This Part is about the terms that are defined in this Act.

Division 2 has the Dictionary (see section 12). The Dictionary is a list of every term that is defined in this Act. A term will either be defined in the Dictionary itself, or in another provision of this Act. If another provision defines the term, the Dictionary will have a signpost to that definition.

Division 3 has definitions relating to the meanings of employee and employer.

Division 4 has some other definitions that apply across this Act.

11  Meanings of employee and employer

                   In this Part, employee and employer have their ordinary meanings.

Note:          See also Division 2 of Part 6‑4A (TCF contract outworkers taken to be employees in certain circumstances).

Division 2The Dictionary

12  The Dictionary

                   In this Act:

4 yearly review of modern awards: see subsection 156(1).

access period for a proposed enterprise agreement: see subsection 180(4).

accommodation arrangement: see subsections 521A(1) and (2).

action includes an omission.

adoption‑related leave: see subsection 67(5).

adverse action: see section 342.

affected employees for a variation of an enterprise agreement: see subsection 207(2).

affected employer:

                     (a)  in relation to an entry under Subdivision A of Division 2 of Part 3‑4: see subsection 482(2); and

                    (aa)  in relation to an entry under section 483A other than a designated outworker terms entry: see paragraph 483B(3)(a); and

                   (ab)  in relation to a designated outworker terms entry under section 483A: see paragraph 483B(3)(b); and

                     (b)  in relation to an entry in accordance with Division 3 of Part 3‑4: see paragraph 495(2)(a); and

                     (c)  in relation to a State or Territory OHS right to inspect or otherwise access an employee record: see paragraph 495(2)(b).

affected member certificate: see subsection 520(1).

Age Discrimination Commissioner means the Age Discrimination Commissioner appointed under the Age Discrimination Act 2004.

agreed terms for a workplace determination: see section 274.

agreed to in relation to a termination of an enterprise agreement: see section 221.

annual rate of an employee’s guaranteed annual earnings: see subsection 330(3).

annual wage review: see subsection 285(1).

anti‑discrimination law: see subsection 351(3).

apparent indirectly responsible entity: see subsection 789CC(2).

applicable agreement‑derived long service leave terms: see subsection 113(5).

applicable award‑derived long service leave terms: see subsection 113(3).

application or complaint under another law: see subsection 732(2).

applies:

                     (a)  in relation to a modern award: see section 47; and

                     (b)  in relation to an enterprise agreement: see section 52; and

                     (c)  in relation to a copied State instrument: see section 768AM.

applies to employment generally: see subsection 26(4).

appointment of a bargaining representative means an appointment of a bargaining representative under paragraph 176(1)(c) or (d) or 177(c).

appropriate safe job: see subsection 81(3).

approved by the FWC, in relation to an enterprise agreement, means approved by the FWC under section 186 or 189.

associated entity has the meaning given by section 50AAA of the Corporations Act 2001.

Australian‑based employee: see subsections 35(2) and (3).

Australian employer: see subsection 35(1).

Australian ship means a ship that has Australian nationality under section 29 of the Shipping Registration Act 1981.

authority documents: see subsection 489(3).

available parental leave period: see subsection 75(2).

award/agreement free employee means a national system employee to whom neither a modern award nor an enterprise agreement applies.

award covered employee for an enterprise agreement: see subsection 193(4).

award modernisation process means:

                     (a)  the process of making modern awards under Part 10A of the Workplace Relations Act 1996, as continued by Part 2 of Schedule 5 of the Transitional Act; and

                     (b)  the enterprise instrument modernisation process provided for by Part 2 of Schedule 6 of the Transitional Act; and

                     (c)  the State reference public sector transitional award modernisation process provided for by Part 2 of Schedule 6A of the Transitional Act.

ballot paper: see subsection 455(2).

bargaining order: see subsection 229(1).

bargaining related workplace determination: see subsection 269(1).

bargaining representative for a proposed enterprise agreement: see sections 176 and 177.

bargaining services: see subsection 353(3).

bargaining services fee: see subsection 353(2).

base rate of pay: see section 16.

birth‑related leave: see subsection 67(4).

bullied at work: see subsection 789FD(1).

child of a person: see subsection 17(1).

civil remedy provision: see subsections 539(1) and (3).

Commissioner means a Commissioner of the FWC.

common requirements in relation to industrial action: see section 413.

Commonwealth authority means:

                     (a)  a body corporate established for a public purpose by or under a law of the Commonwealth; or

                     (b)  a body corporate:

                              (i)  incorporated under a law of the Commonwealth or a State or a Territory; and

                             (ii)  in which the Commonwealth has a controlling interest.

Commonwealth outworker entity means an entity that is an outworker entity otherwise than because of section 30F or 30Q.

Note:          Sections 30F and 30Q extend the meaning of outworker entity in relation to a referring State.

Commonwealth place means a place referred to in paragraph 52(i) of the Constitution, other than the seat of government.

compassionate leave means compassionate leave to which a national system employee is entitled under section 104.

complaint about an FWC Member means a complaint referred to in paragraph 581A(1)(a) or section 641A.

complaint handler means:

                     (a)  the President; or

                     (b)  a person who is authorised by the President under subsection 581A(3); or

                     (c)  a person who is a member of a body that is authorised by the President under subsection 581A(3).

compliance powers: see section 703.

compliance purposes: see subsection 706(1).

concurrent leave: see subsection 72(5).

conduct includes an omission.

conduct of a protected action ballot: see subsection 458(5).

connected with a Territory: an arrangement for work to be performed for a person (either directly or indirectly) is connected with a Territory if one or more of the following apply:

                     (a)  at the time the arrangement is made, one or more parties to the arrangement is in a Territory in Australia;

                     (b)  the work is to be performed in such a Territory;

                     (c)  the person carries on an activity (whether of a commercial, governmental or other nature) in such a Territory, and the work is reasonably likely to be performed in that Territory;

                     (d)  the person carries on an activity (whether of a commercial, governmental or other nature) in such a Territory, and the work is to be performed in connection with that activity.

Note:          In this context, Australia includes the Territory of Christmas Island and the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands (see paragraph 17(a) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901).

consent low‑paid workplace determination: see subsection 260(2).

consistent with the Small Business Fair Dismissal Code: see subsection 388(2).

consolidation order:

                     (a)  in relation to a transferring employee—see subsection 768BD(1); and

                     (b)  in relation to a non‑transferring employee—see subsection 768BG(1).

constitutional corporation means a corporation to which paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution applies.

constitutionally‑covered business: see subsection 789FD(3).

constitutionally‑covered entity: see subsection 338(2).

constitutional trade or commerce means trade or commerce:

                     (a)  between Australia and a place outside Australia; or

                     (b)  among the States; or

                     (c)  between a State and a Territory; or

                     (d)  between 2 Territories; or

                     (e)  within a Territory.

continental shelf means the continental shelf (as defined in the Seas and Submerged Lands Act 1973) of Australia (including its external Territories).

continuous service has a meaning affected by section 22.

copied State award: see subsection 768AI(1).

copied State collective employment agreement: see subsection 768AK(4).

copied State employment agreement: see subsection 768AK(1).

copied State individual employment agreement: see subsection 768AK(5).

copied State instrument: see section 768AH.

corporate MySuper product: see subsection 23A(3).

coverage terms:

                     (a)  in relation to a modern award (other than a modern enterprise award): see section 143; and

                     (b)  in relation to a modern enterprise award: see section 143A; and

                     (c)  in relation to a State reference public sector modern award: see section 143B.

covers:

                     (a)  in relation to a modern award: see section 48; and

                     (b)  in relation to an enterprise agreement: see section 53; and

                     (c)  in relation to a workplace determination: see section 277; and

                     (d)  in relation to a copied State instrument: see section 768AN.

day of placement: see subsection 67(6).

de facto partner of a national system employee:

                     (a)  means a person who, although not legally married to the employee, lives with the employee in a relationship as a couple on a genuine domestic basis (whether the employee and the person are of the same sex or different sexes); and

                     (b)  includes a former de facto partner of the employee.

default fund employee: see subsection 149C(2).

default fund term: see subsection 149C(2).

Default Superannuation List: see subsection 156B(1).

defined benefit member has the meaning given by the Superannuation Guarantee (Administration) Act 1992.

Deputy President means a Deputy President of the FWC.

designated outworker term of a modern award, enterprise agreement, workplace determination or other instrument, means any of the following terms, so far as the term relates to outworkers in the textile, clothing or footwear industry:

                     (a)  a term that deals with the registration of an employer or outworker entity;

                     (b)  a term that deals with the making and retaining of, or access to, records about work to which outworker terms of a modern award apply;

                     (c)  a term imposing conditions under which an arrangement may be entered into by an employer or an outworker entity for the performance of work, where the work is of a kind that is often performed by outworkers;

                     (d)  a term relating to the liability of an employer or outworker entity for work undertaken by an outworker under such an arrangement, including a term which provides for the outworker to make a claim against an employer or outworker entity;

                     (e)  a term that requires minimum pay or other conditions, including the National Employment Standards, to be applied to an outworker who is not an employee;

                      (f)  any other terms prescribed by the regulations.

designated outworker terms entry: see subsection 483A(5).

directly, when used in relation to TCF work: see section 17A.

Disability Discrimination Commissioner means the Disability Discrimination Commissioner appointed under the Disability Discrimination Act 1992.

discriminatory term of an enterprise agreement: see section 195.

dismissal remedy bargaining order application: see subsection 726(2).

dismissed: see section 386.

earnings: see subsections 332(1) and (2).

eligible community service activity: see section 109.

eligible State or Territory court means one of the following courts:

                     (a)  a District, County or Local Court;

                     (b)  a magistrates court;

                     (c)  the Industrial Relations Court of South Australia;

                    (ca)  the Industrial Court of New South Wales;

                     (d)  any other State or Territory court that is prescribed by the regulations.

employee is defined in the first Division of each Part (other than Part 1‑1) in which the term appears.

Note 1:       The definition in the Part will define employee either as a national system employee or as having its ordinary meaning. However, there may be particular provisions in the Part where a different meaning for the term is specified.

Note 2:       If the term has its ordinary meaning, see further subsections 15(1), 30E(1) and 30P(1).

Note 3:       See also Division 2 of Part 6‑4A (TCF contract outworkers taken to be employees in certain circumstances).

employee A, in relation to a transfer of business referred to in Part 6‑3A: see subsections 768BD(1) and 768BG(1).

employee claim action: see section 409 and paragraph 471(4A)(c).

employee couple: 2 national system employees are an employee couple if each of the employees is the spouse or de facto partner of the other.

employee organisation means an organisation of employees.

employee record, in relation to an employee, means:

                     (a)  something that is an employee record, in relation to the employee, for the purposes of the Privacy Act 1988; or

                     (b)  in the case of a TCF contract outworker who is taken to be an employee by Division 2 of Part 6‑4A of this Act—something that would be an employee record, in relation to the outworker, for the purposes of the Privacy Act 1988, if the outworker were an employee for the purposes of that Act.

employee response action: see section 410 and paragraph 471(4A)(d).

employee with a disability means a national system employee who is qualified for a disability support pension as set out in section 94 or 95 of the Social Security Act 1991, or who would be so qualified but for paragraph 94(1)(e) or 95(1)(c) of that Act.

employer is defined in the first Division of each Part (other than Part 1‑1) in which the term appears.

Note 1:       The definition in the Part will define employer either as a national system employer or as having its ordinary meaning. However, there may be particular provisions in the Part where a different meaning for the term is specified.

Note 2:       If the term has its ordinary meaning, see further subsections 15(2), 30E(2) and 30P(2).

Note 3:       See also Division 2 of Part 6‑4A (TCF contract outworkers taken to be employees in certain circumstances).

employer MySuper product: see subsection 23A(1B).

employer organisation means an organisation of employers.

employer response action: see section 411.

employing authority: see subsection 795(6).

engages in industrial activity: see section 347.

enterprise means a business, activity, project or undertaking.

enterprise agreement means:

                     (a)  a single‑enterprise agreement; or

                     (b)  a multi‑enterprise agreement.

entry notice: see subsection 487(2).

entry permit: see section 512.

equal remuneration for work of equal or comparable value: see subsection 302(2).

equal remuneration order: see subsection 302(1).

exclusive economic zone means the exclusive economic zone (as defined in the Seas and Submerged Lands Act 1973) of Australia (including its external Territories).

exemption certificate: see subsection 519(1).

exempt public sector superannuation scheme has the meaning given by the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993.

Expert Panel means an Expert Panel constituted under section 620.

Expert Panel Member means an Expert Panel Member of the FWC.

extended notice of termination provisions: see subsection 759(3).

extended parental leave provisions: see subsection 744(3).

Fair Work Commission or FWC means the body continued in existence by section 575.

Fair Work Information Statement: see subsection 124(1).

Fair Work Inspector means:

                     (a)  a person appointed as a Fair Work Inspector under section 700; or

                     (b)  the Fair Work Ombudsman in his or her capacity as a Fair Work Inspector under section 701.

fair work instrument means:

                     (a)  a modern award; or

                     (b)  an enterprise agreement; or

                     (c)  a workplace determination; or

                     (d)  an FWC order.

Federal Circuit Court means the Federal Circuit Court of Australia.

Federal Court means the Federal Court of Australia.

first employer, in relation to a transfer of employment: see subsection 22(7).

first stage criteria: see section 156F.

first stage test: see section 156Q.

fixed platform means an artificial island, installation or structure permanently attached to the sea‑bed for the purpose of exploration for, or exploitation of, resources or for other economic purposes.

flexibility term:

                     (a)  in relation to a modern award—see subsection 144(1); and

                     (b)  in relation to an enterprise agreement—see subsection 202(1).

flight crew officer means a person who performs (whether with or without other duties) duties as a pilot, navigator or flight engineer of aircraft, and includes a person being trained for the performance of such duties.

franchise has the meaning given by the Corporations Act 2001.

Full Bench means a Full Bench of the FWC constituted under section 618.

full rate of pay: see section 18.

FWC: see Fair Work Commission.

FWC Member means the President, a Vice President, a Deputy President, a Commissioner or an Expert Panel Member.

General Manager means the General Manager of the FWC.

general protections court application: see subsection 368(4).

general protections FWC application: see subsection 727(2).

general State industrial law: see subsection 26(3).

genuinely agreed in relation to an enterprise agreement: see section 188.

genuine redundancy: see section 389.

good faith bargaining requirements: see section 228.

greenfields agreement: see subsection 172(4).

guaranteed period for a guarantee of annual earnings: see section 331.

guarantee of annual earnings: see subsection 330(1).

handle a complaint about an FWC Member means do one or more of the following acts relating to the complaint:

                     (a)  consider the complaint;

                     (b)  investigate the complaint;

                     (c)  report on an investigation of the complaint;

                     (d)  deal with a report of an investigation of the complaint;

                     (e)  dispose of the complaint;

                      (f)  refer the complaint to a person or body.

high income employee: see section 329.

high income threshold: see section 333.

ILO means the International Labour Organization.

immediate family of a national system employee means:

                     (a)  a spouse, de facto partner, child, parent, grandparent, grandchild or sibling of the employee; or

                     (b)  a child, parent, grandparent, grandchild or sibling of a spouse or de facto partner of the employee.

independent advisor for a protected action ballot means the person (if any) specified in the protected action ballot order as the independent advisor for the ballot.

independent contractor is not confined to an individual.

indirectly, when used in relation to TCF work: see section 17A.

indirectly responsible entity, in relation to TCF work performed by a TCF outworker: see subsections 789CA(3), (4) and (5).

individual flexibility arrangement:

                     (a)  in relation to a modern award—see subsection 144(1); and

                     (b)  in relation to an enterprise agreement—see paragraph 202(1)(a).

industrial action: see section 19.

industrial action related workplace determination: see subsection 266(1).

industrial association means:

                     (a)  an association of employees or independent contractors, or both, or an association of employers, that is registered or recognised as such an association (however described) under a workplace law; or

                     (b)  an association of employees, or independent contractors, or both (whether formed formally or informally), a purpose of which is the protection and promotion of their interests in matters concerning their employment, or their interests as independent contractors (as the case may be); or

                     (c)  an association of employers a principal purpose of which is the protection and promotion of their interests in matters concerning employment and/or independent contractors;

and includes:

                     (d)  a branch of such an association; and

                     (e)  an organisation; and

                      (f)  a branch of an organisation.

industrial body means:

                     (a)  the FWC; or

                     (b)  a court or commission (however described) performing or exercising, under an industrial law, functions and powers corresponding to those conferred on the FWC by this Act; or

                     (c)  a court or commission (however described) performing or exercising, under a workplace law, functions and powers corresponding to those conferred on the FWC by the Registered Organisations Act.

industrial law means:

                     (a)  this Act; or

                     (b)  the Registered Organisations Act; or

                     (c)  a law of the Commonwealth, however designated, that regulates the relationships between employers and employees; or

                     (d)  a State or Territory industrial law.

industry‑specific redundancy scheme means redundancy or termination payment arrangements in a modern award that are described in the award as an industry‑specific redundancy scheme.

inspector means a Fair Work Inspector.

interim application period: see paragraph 156N(2)(b).

involved in: see section 550.

irregularity, in relation to the conduct of a protected action ballot: see subsection 458(6).

junior employee means a national system employee who is under 21.

jury service pay: see subsection 111(6).

jury service summons: see subsection 111(7).

keeping in touch day: see subsections 79A(2) and (3).

law enforcement officer has the same meaning as in subsection 30K(1).

lawyer means a person who is admitted to the legal profession by a Supreme Court of a State or Territory.

local government employee has the same meaning as in subsection 30K(1).

local government employer has the same meaning as in subsection 30K(1).

lock out: see subsection 19(3).

long term casual employee: a national system employee of a national system employer is a long term casual employee at a particular time if, at that time:

                     (a)  the employee is a casual employee; and

                     (b)  the employee has been employed by the employer on a regular and systematic basis for a sequence of periods of employment during a period of at least 12 months.

low‑paid authorisation: see subsection 242(1).

low‑paid workplace determination means:

                     (a)  a consent low‑paid workplace determination; or

                     (b)  a special low‑paid workplace determination.

made:

                     (a)  in relation to an enterprise agreement: see section 182; and

                     (b)  in relation to a variation of an enterprise agreement: see section 209.

magistrates court means:

                     (a)  a court constituted by a police, stipendiary or special magistrate; or

                     (b)  a court constituted by an industrial magistrate; or

                     (c)  the Local Court of the Northern Territory.

majority support determination: see subsection 236(1).

maritime employee means a person who is, or whose occupation is that of, a master as defined in subsection 14(1) of the Navigation Act 2012, a seafarer as so defined or a pilot as so defined.

medical certificate means a certificate signed by a medical practitioner.

medical practitioner means a person registered, or licensed, as a medical practitioner under a law of a State or Territory that provides for the registration or licensing of medical practitioners.

membership action: see subsection 350(3).

minimum employment period: see section 383.

minimum wages objective: see subsection 284(1).

miscellaneous modern award: see subsection 163(4).

model consultation term: see subsection 205(3).

model flexibility term: see subsection 202(5).

modern award means a modern award made under Part 2‑3.

modern award minimum wages: see subsection 284(3).

modern award powers: see subsection 134(2).

modern awards objective: see subsection 134(1).

modern enterprise award: see subsection 168A(2).

modern enterprise awards objective: see subsection 168B(1).

modifications includes additions, omissions and substitutions.

multi‑enterprise agreement means an enterprise agreement made as referred to in subsection 172(3).

MySuper product: see subsection 23A(1).

named employer award: see subsection 312(2).

National Employment Standards: see subsection 61(3).

national minimum wage order means a national minimum wage order made in an annual wage review.

national system employee: see section 13.

Note 1:       Sections 30C and 30M extend the meaning of national system employee in relation to a referring State.

Note 2:       See also Division 2 of Part 6‑4A (TCF contract outworkers taken to be employees in certain circumstances).

national system employer: see section 14.

Note 1:       Sections 30D and 30N extend the meaning of national system employer in relation to a referring State.

Note 2:       See also Division 2 of Part 6‑4A (TCF contract outworkers taken to be employees in certain circumstances).

new employer:

                     (a)  in relation to a transfer of business referred to in Part 2‑8—see subsection 311(1); and

                     (b)  in relation to a transfer of business referred to in Part 6‑3A—see subsection 768AD(1).

nominal expiry date:

                     (a)  of an enterprise agreement approved under section 186, means the date specified in the agreement as its nominal expiry date; or

                     (b)  of an enterprise agreement approved under section 189 (which deals with agreements that do not pass the better off overall test): see subsection 189(4); or

                     (c)  of a workplace determination, means the date specified in the determination as its nominal expiry date; or

                     (d)  of a copied State employment agreement: see subsection 768AO(5).

non‑excluded matters: see subsection 27(2).

non‑member record or document: see subsection 482(2A).

non‑monetary benefits: see subsection 332(3).

non‑national system employee means an employee who is not a national system employee.

non‑national system employer means an employer that is not a national system employer.

non‑transferring employee:

                     (a)  in relation to a transfer of business referred to in Part 2‑8—see subsection 314(2); and

                     (b)  in relation to a transfer of business referred to in Part 6‑3A—see subsection 768BG(2).

notification time for a proposed enterprise agreement: see subsection 173(2).

notified negotiation period for a proposed single‑enterprise agreement that is a greenfields agreement: see section 178B.

objectionable term means a term that:

                     (a)  requires, has the effect of requiring, or purports to require or have the effect of requiring; or

                     (b)  permits, has the effect of permitting, or purports to permit or have the effect of permitting;

either of the following:

                     (c)  a contravention of Part 3‑1 (which deals with general protections);

                     (d)  the payment of a bargaining services fee.

occupier, of premises, includes a person in charge of the premises.

office, in an industrial association, means:

                     (a)  an office of president, vice president, secretary or assistant secretary of the association; or

                     (b)  the office of a voting member of a collective body of the association, being a collective body that has power in relation to any of the following functions:

                              (i)  the management of the affairs of the association;

                             (ii)  the determination of policy for the association;

                            (iii)  the making, alteration or rescission of rules of the association;

                            (iv)  the enforcement of rules of the association, or the performance of functions in relation to the enforcement of such rules; or

                     (c)  an office the holder of which is, under the rules of the association, entitled to participate directly in any of the functions referred to in subparagraphs (b)(i) and (iv), other than an office the holder of which participates only in accordance with directions given by a collective body or another person for the purpose of implementing:

                              (i)  existing policy of the association; or

                             (ii)  decisions concerning the association; or

                     (d)  an office the holder of which is, under the rules of the association, entitled to participate directly in any of the functions referred to in subparagraphs (b)(ii) and (iii); or

                     (e)  the office of a person holding (whether as trustee or otherwise) property:

                              (i)  of the association; or

                             (ii)  in which the association has a beneficial interest.

Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman means the body established by section 696.

officer, of an industrial association, means:

                     (a)  an official of the association; or

                     (b)  a delegate or other representative of the association.

official, of an industrial association, means a person who holds an office in, or is an employee of, the association.

old employer, in relation to a transfer of business: see subsection 311(1).

old State employer: see subsection 768AD(1).

ordinary hours of work of an award/agreement free employee: see section 20.

organisation means an organisation registered under the Registered Organisations Act.

original State agreement, in relation to a copied State employment agreement: see paragraph 768AK(1)(a).

original State award, in relation to a copied State award: see paragraph 768AI(1)(a).

outworker means:

                     (a)  an employee who, for the purpose of the business of his or her employer, performs work at residential premises or at other premises that would not conventionally be regarded as being business premises; or

                     (b)  an individual who, for the purpose of a contract for the provision of services, performs work:

                              (i)  in the textile, clothing or footwear industry; and

                             (ii)  at residential premises or at other premises that would not conventionally be regarded as being business premises.

outworker entity means any of the following entities, other than in the entity’s capacity as a national system employer:

                     (a)  a constitutional corporation;

                     (b)  the Commonwealth;

                     (c)  a Commonwealth authority;

                     (d)  a body corporate incorporated in a Territory;

                     (e)  a person so far as:

                              (i)  the person arranges for work to be performed for the person (either directly or indirectly); and

                             (ii)  the work is of a kind that is often performed by outworkers; and

                            (iii)  the arrangement is connected with a Territory.

Note:          Sections 30F and 30Q extend the meaning of outworker entity in relation to a referring State.

outworker terms: see subsection 140(3).

paid agent, in relation to a matter before the FWC, means an agent (other than a bargaining representative) who charges or receives a fee to represent a person in the matter.

paid annual leave means paid annual leave to which a national system employee is entitled under section 87.

paid no safe job leave means paid no safe job leave to which a national system employee is entitled under section 81A.

paid personal/carer’s leave means paid personal/carer’s leave to which a national system employee is entitled under section 96.

paid work means work for financial gain or reward (whether as an employee, a self‑employed person or otherwise).

partial work ban: see subsection 470(3).

part of a single enterprise: see subsection 168A(6).

passes the better off overall test:

                     (a)  in relation to an enterprise agreement that is not a greenfields agreement: see subsection 193(1); and

                     (b)  in relation to a greenfields agreement: see subsection 193(3).

pattern bargaining: see section 412.

peak council means a national or State council or federation that is effectively representative of a significant number of organisations (within the ordinary meaning of the term) representing employers or employees in a range of industries.

pecuniary penalty order means an order under subsection 546(1).

penalty unit has the meaning given by section 4AA of the Crimes Act 1914.

period of employment: see section 384.

permissible occasion: see sections 102 and 104.

permit holder means a person who holds an entry permit.

permit qualification matters: see subsection 513(1).

permitted matters in relation to an enterprise agreement: see subsection 172(1).

pieceworker: see section 21.

pilot, in relation to an aircraft, includes a pilot in command, co‑pilot or pilot of any other description.

post‑declaration negotiating period: see subsection 269(2).

post‑industrial action negotiating period: see subsection 266(3).

premises includes:

                     (a)  any land, building, structure, mine, mine working, aircraft, ship, vessel, vehicle or place; and

                     (b)  a part of premises (including premises referred to in paragraph (a)).

pre‑parental leave position: see subsection 83(2).

prescribed State industrial authority means a State board, court, tribunal, body or official prescribed by the regulations.

President means the President of the FWC.

procedural rules means the procedural rules of the FWC made under section 609.

process or proceedings under a workplace law or workplace instrument: see subsection 341(2).

prospective award covered employee for an enterprise agreement: see subsection 193(5).

protected action ballot means a ballot conducted under Division 8 of Part 3‑3.

protected action ballot agent for a protected action ballot means the person that conducts the protected action ballot.

protected action ballot order: see subsection 437(1).

protected from unfair dismissal: see section 382.

protected industrial action: see section 408.

public holiday: see section 115.

public sector employment: see subsections 795(4) and (5).

public sector employment law: see subsection 40(3).

recognised emergency management body: see subsection 109(3).

reduction in take‑home pay: see subsection 768BR(3).

re‑employment time, in relation to a transferring employee covered by a transfer of business referred to in Part 6‑3A: see subsection 768AE(3).

registered employee association means:

                     (a)  an employee organisation; or

                     (b)  an association of employees or independent contractors, or both, that is registered or recognised as such an association (however described) under a State or Territory industrial law.

Registered Organisations Act means the Fair Work (Registered Organisations) Act 2009.

reinstatement includes appointment by an associated entity in the circumstances provided for in an order to which subsection 391(1A) applies.

related body corporate has the meaning given by the Corporations Act 2001.

relevant belief: a person has a relevant belief in relation to a complaint about an FWC Member if:

                     (a)  the person believes that if one or more of the circumstances that gave rise to the complaint were substantiated, the circumstances would justify considering:

                              (i)  terminating the appointment of the FWC Member in accordance with section 641; or

                             (ii)  (other than if the FWC Member is the President) suspending the FWC Member from office in accordance with section 642; or

                     (b)  the person believes that if one or more of the circumstances that gave rise to the complaint were substantiated, the circumstances may:

                              (i)  adversely affect, or have adversely affected, the performance of duties by the FWC Member; or

                             (ii)  have the capacity to adversely affect, or have adversely affected, the reputation of the FWC.

Note:          Sections 641 and 642 deal with termination of appointment and suspension on the grounds of misbehaviour or incapacity.

relevant employee organisation, in relation to a greenfields agreement, means an employee organisation that is entitled to represent the industrial interests of one or more of the employees who will be covered by the agreement, in relation to work to be performed under the agreement.

responsible person, in relation to TCF work performed by a TCF outworker: see subsection 789CA(1).

risk period: see subsections 81(1) and (5).

safety net contractual entitlement means an entitlement under a contract between an employee and an employer that relates to any of the subject matters described in:

                     (a)  subsection 61(2) (which deals with the National Employment Standards); or

                     (b)  subsection 139(1) (which deals with modern awards).

Schedule of Approved Employer MySuper Products: see paragraph 156L(1)(a).

school age, for a child, means the age at which the child is required by a law of the State or Territory in which the child lives to attend school.

school‑based apprentice means a national system employee who is an apprentice to whom a school‑based training arrangement applies.

school‑based trainee means a national system employee (other than a school‑based apprentice) to whom a school‑based training arrangement applies.

school‑based training arrangement means a training arrangement undertaken as part of a course of secondary education.

scope order: see subsection 238(1).

second employer, in relation to a transfer of employment: see subsection 22(7).

second stage test:

                     (a)  in relation to a standard MySuper product—see subsection 156H(2); and

                     (b)  in relation to an employer MySuper product—see section 156S.

serious breach declaration: see section 234.

serious misconduct has the meaning prescribed by the regulations.

service: see section 22.

setting modern award minimum wages: see subsection 284(4).

Sex Discrimination Commissioner means the Sex Discrimination Commissioner appointed under the Sex Discrimination Act 1984.

ship includes a barge, lighter, hulk or other vessel.

single enterprise: see section 168A.

single‑enterprise agreement means an enterprise agreement made as referred to in subsection 172(2).

single interest employer authorisation: see subsection 248(1).

small business employer: see section 23.

Small Business Fair Dismissal Code means the Small Business Fair Dismissal Code declared under subsection 388(1).

special low‑paid workplace determination: see subsection 260(4).

spouse includes a former spouse.

standard application period: see paragraph 156N(2)(a).

standard MySuper product: see subsection 23A(1A).

State award: see section 768AJ.

State collective employment agreement: see subsection 768AL(3).

State employment agreement: see subsections 768AL(1) and (2).

State individual employment agreement: see subsection 768AL(4).

State industrial instrument means an award, an agreement (whether individual or collective), or another industrial instrument or order, that:

                     (a)  is made under, or recognised by, a law of a State that is a State or Territory industrial law; and

                     (b)  determines terms and conditions of employment.

State industrial law means a law of a State that is a State or Territory industrial law.

state of mind: see subsection 793(3).

State or Territory industrial law: see subsection 26(2).

State or Territory OHS law: see subsection 494(3).

State or Territory OHS right: see subsection 494(2).

State public sector employee, of a State, means:

                     (a)  an employee of a State public sector employer of the State; or

                     (b)  any other non‑national system employee in the State of a kind specified in the regulations;

and includes a law enforcement officer of the State but does not include a local government employee of the State.

State public sector employer, of a State, means a non‑national system employer that is:

                     (a)  the State, the Governor of the State or a Minister of the State; or

                     (b)  a body corporate that is established for a public purpose by or under a law of the State, by the Governor of the State or by a Minister of the State; or

                     (c)  a body corporate in which the State has a controlling interest; or

                     (d)  a person who employs individuals for the purposes of an unincorporated body that is established for a public purpose by or under a law of the State, by the Governor of the State or by a Minister of the State; or

                     (e)  any other employer in the State of a kind specified in the regulations;

and includes a non‑national system employer of a law enforcement officer of the State but does not include a local government employer of the State.

State reference public sector employee: see subsection 168E(3).

State reference public sector employer: see subsection 168E(4).

State reference public sector modern award: see subsection 168E(2).

State reference public sector modern awards objective: see section 168F.

step‑child: without limiting who is a step‑child of a person, someone who is a child of the person’s de facto partner is a step‑child of a person, if he or she would be the person’s step‑child except that the person is not legally married to the de facto partner.

superannuation fund means a superannuation fund or a superannuation scheme.

tailored MySuper product: see subsection 23A(2).

take‑home pay: see subsection 768BR(2).

take‑home pay order: see subsection 768BS(1).

TCF award means an instrument prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this definition.

TCF award worker: see subsection 483A(1A).

TCF contract outworker: see subsection 789BB(2).

TCF outwork code: see section 789DA.

TCF outworker means an outworker in the textile, clothing or footwear industry.

TCF work means work in the textile, clothing or footwear industry.

termination of industrial action instrument: see subsection 266(2).

termination time, in relation to a transferring employee covered by a transfer of business referred to in Part 6‑3A: see subsection 768AE(2).

territorial sea, in relation to Australia, has the meaning given by Division 1 of Part II of the Seas and Submerged Lands Act 1973.

Territory employer: see subsection 338(4).

test time: see subsection 193(6).

this Act includes the regulations.

trade and commerce employer: see subsection 338(3).

training arrangement means a combination of work and training that is subject to a training agreement, or a training contract, that takes effect under a law of a State or Territory relating to the training of employees.

transferable instrument: see subsection 312(1).

transfer of business:

                     (a)  for a transfer of business between a national system employer and another national system employer—see subsection 311(1); and

                     (b)  for a transfer of business between a non‑national system employer that is a State public sector employer and a national system employer—see subsection 768AD(1).

transfer of employment: see subsection 22(7).

transfer of employment between associated entities: see paragraph 22(8)(a).

transfer of employment between non‑associated entities: see paragraph 22(8)(b).

transferring employee:

                     (a)  in relation to a transfer of business referred to in Part 2‑8—see subsection 311(2); and

                     (b)  in relation to a transfer of business referred to in Part 6‑3A—see subsection 768AE(1).

transferring work:

                     (a)  in relation to a transfer of business referred to in Part 2‑8—see paragraph 311(1)(c); and

                     (b)  in relation to a transfer of business referred to in Part 6‑3A—see paragraph 768AD(1)(c).

Transitional Act means the Fair Work (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 2009.

transport arrangement: see subsections 521B(1) and (2).

unfair dismissal application: see subsection 729(2).

unfairly dismissed: see section 385.

unlawful term of an enterprise agreement: see section 194.

unlawful termination court application: see subsection 776(4).

unlawful termination FWC application: see subsection 730(2).

unpaid amount, in relation to TCF work performed by a TCF outworker: see subsections 789CA(1) and (4).

unpaid carer’s leave means unpaid carer’s leave to which a national system employee is entitled under section 102.

unpaid no safe job leave means unpaid no safe job leave to which a national system employee is entitled under section 82A.

unpaid parental leave means unpaid parental leave to which a national system employee is entitled under section 70.

unpaid pre‑adoption leave means unpaid pre‑adoption leave to which a national system employee is entitled under section 85.

unpaid special maternity leave means unpaid special maternity leave to which a national system employee is entitled under section 80.

varying modern award minimum wages: see subsection 284(4).

Vice President means a Vice President of the FWC.

vocational placement means a placement that is:

                     (a)  undertaken with an employer for which a person is not entitled to be paid any remuneration; and

                     (b)  undertaken as a requirement of an education or training course; and

                     (c)  authorised under a law or an administrative arrangement of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory.

voluntary emergency management activity: see subsection 109(2).

waters above the continental shelf means any part of the area in, on or over the continental shelf.

waterside worker has the meaning given by clause 1 of Schedule 2 to the Workplace Relations Act 1996 as in force immediately before the commencement of this section.

worker:

                     (a)  in Part 6‑4B—see subsection 789FC(2); and

                     (b)  otherwise—has its ordinary meaning.

working day means a day that is not a Saturday, a Sunday or a public holiday.

workplace determination means:

                     (a)  a low‑paid wor