Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

Primary content

Act No. 91 of 1999 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Statute Law Revision Act (No. 1) 2016
An Act relating to the protection of the environment and the conservation of biodiversity, and for related purposes
Administered by: Environment
Registered 11 Apr 2016
Start Date 05 Mar 2016
End Date 09 Mar 2016
Table of contents.

Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999

No. 91, 1999

Compilation No. 46

Compilation date:                              5 March 2016

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 4, 2016

Registered:                                         11 April 2016

This compilation is in 2 volumes

Volume 1:                   sections 1266

Volume 2:                   sections 266B528

                                    Schedule

                                    Endnotes

Each volume has its own contents

 

 

This compilation includes commenced amendments made by Act No. 10, 2015 and Act No. 126, 2015. Amendments made by Act No. 4, 2016 have not commenced but are noted in the endnotes.

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 5 March 2016 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Chapter 5—Conservation of biodiversity and heritage        1

Part 13—Species and communities                                                                              1

Division 5—Conservation advice, recovery plans, threat abatement plans and wildlife conservation plans                                                                                                                        1

Subdivision AA—Approved conservation advice                                              1

266B...................... Approved conservation advice for listed threatened species and listed threatened ecological communities............................................................................................ 1

Subdivision A—Recovery plans and threat abatement plans                         3

267........................ Simplified outline of this Subdivision................................. 3

268........................ Compliance with recovery plans and threat abatement plans 3

269........................ Implementing recovery and threat abatement plans............. 4

269AA.................. Decision whether to have a recovery plan........................... 4

269A..................... Making or adopting a recovery plan................................... 7

270........................ Content of recovery plans................................................... 9

270A..................... Decision whether to have a threat abatement plan............. 11

270B...................... Making or adopting a threat abatement plan...................... 13

271........................ Content of threat abatement plans..................................... 15

272........................ Eradication of non‑native species...................................... 16

273........................ Ensuring plans are in force............................................... 16

274........................ Scientific Committee to advise on plans............................ 18

275........................ Consultation on plans....................................................... 18

276........................ Consideration of comments.............................................. 19

277........................ Adoption of State plans.................................................... 19

278........................ Publication of plans.......................................................... 20

279........................ Variation of plans by the Minister.................................... 20

280........................ Variation by a State or Territory of joint plans and plans adopted by the Minister   21

281........................ Commonwealth assistance................................................ 22

282........................ Scientific Committee to advise on assistance.................... 22

283........................ Plans may cover more than one species etc....................... 23

283A..................... Revoking a plan................................................................ 23

284........................ Reports on preparation and implementation of plans........ 24

Subdivision B—Wildlife conservation plans                                                    24

285........................ Wildlife conservation plans............................................... 24

286........................ Acting in accordance with wildlife conservation plans..... 25

287........................ Content of wildlife conservation plans.............................. 25

288........................ Eradication of non‑native species...................................... 27

289........................ Scientific Committee to advise on scheduling of plans..... 27

290........................ Consultation on plans....................................................... 27

291........................ Consideration of comments.............................................. 28

292........................ Adoption of State plans.................................................... 28

293........................ Publication, review and variation of plans........................ 29

294........................ Variation of plans by the Minister.................................... 29

295........................ Variation by a State or Territory of joint plans and plans adopted by the Minister   30

296........................ Commonwealth assistance................................................ 31

297........................ Plans may cover more than one species etc....................... 31

298........................ Reports on preparation and implementation of plans........ 31

Subdivision C—Miscellaneous                                                                              32

299........................ Wildlife conservation plans cease to have effect............... 32

300........................ Document may contain more than one plan...................... 32

300A..................... State and Territory laws not affected................................. 32

300B...................... Assistance from the Scientific Committee......................... 32

Division 6—Access to biological resources                                                     34

301........................ Control of access to biological resources.......................... 34

Division 6A—Control of non‑native species                                                   35

301A..................... Regulations for control of non‑native species................... 35

Division 7—Aid for conservation of species in foreign countries       36

302........................ Aid for conservation of species in foreign countries......... 36

Division 8—Miscellaneous                                                                                       37

303........................ Regulations....................................................................... 37

303A..................... Exemptions from this Part................................................ 37

303AA.................. Conditions relating to accreditation of plans, regimes and policies           38

303AB................... Amended policies, regimes or plans taken to be accredited 39

Part 13A—International movement of wildlife specimens                         40

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                          40

303BA................... Objects of Part.................................................................. 40

303BAA................ Certain indigenous rights not affected............................... 40

303BB................... Simplified outline.............................................................. 41

303BC................... Definitions........................................................................ 42

Division 2—CITES species                                                                                      44

Subdivision A—CITES species and CITES specimens                                   44

303CA................... Listing of CITES species.................................................. 44

303CB................... Stricter domestic measures................................................ 45

Subdivision B—Offences and permit system                                                    46

303CC................... Exports of CITES specimens............................................ 46

303CD................... Imports of CITES specimens............................................ 47

303CE................... Applications for permits................................................... 49

303CF................... Further information........................................................... 49

303CG................... Minister may issue permits............................................... 49

303CH................... Specific conditions relating to the export or import of CITES specimens for commercial purposes        51

303CI.................... Time limit for making permit decision.............................. 55

303CJ.................... Duration of permits........................................................... 56

303CK................... Register of applications and decisions.............................. 56

Subdivision C—Application of CITES                                                               56

303CL................... Application of CITES—Management Authority and Scientific Authority               56

303CM.................. Interpretation of CITES provisions................................... 57

303CN................... Resolutions of the Conference of the Parties to CITES.... 57

Division 3—Exports of regulated native specimens                                   58

Subdivision A—Regulated native specimens                                                     58

303DA.................. Regulated native specimens.............................................. 58

303DB................... Listing of exempt native specimens.................................. 58

303DC................... Minister may amend list.................................................... 59

Subdivision B—Offence and permit system                                                      61

303DD.................. Exports of regulated native specimens.............................. 61

303DE................... Applications for permits................................................... 62

303DF................... Further information........................................................... 62

303DG.................. Minister may issue permits............................................... 62

303DH.................. Time limit for making permit decision.............................. 65

303DI.................... Duration of permits........................................................... 66

303DJ.................... Register of applications and decisions.............................. 66

Division 4—Imports of regulated live specimens                                         67

Subdivision A—Regulated live specimens                                                         67

303EA................... Regulated live specimens.................................................. 67

303EB................... Listing of specimens suitable for live import.................... 67

303EC................... Minister may amend list.................................................... 68

Subdivision B—Assessments relating to the amendment of the list of specimens suitable for import      69

303ED................... Amendment of list on the Minister’s own initiative.......... 69

303EE.................... Application for amendment of list..................................... 70

303EF.................... Requirement for assessments............................................ 71

303EG................... Timing of decision about proposed amendment................ 72

303EH................... Requesting further information......................................... 72

303EI..................... Notice of refusal of proposed amendment........................ 73

303EJ.................... Reviews............................................................................ 73

Subdivision C—Offence and permit system                                                      73

303EK................... Imports of regulated live specimens.................................. 73

303EL.................... Applications for permits................................................... 74

303EM.................. Further information........................................................... 74

303EN................... Minister may issue permits............................................... 74

303EO................... Time limit for making permit decision.............................. 76

303EP.................... Duration of permits........................................................... 76

303EQ................... Register of applications and decisions.............................. 76

Subdivision D—Marking of certain specimens for the purposes of identification        77

303ER................... Object............................................................................... 77

303ES.................... Specimens to which Subdivision applies.......................... 77

303ET.................... Extended meaning of marking.......................................... 77

303EU................... Secretary may make determinations about marking of specimens            78

303EV................... Offences........................................................................... 79

303EW.................. This Subdivision does not limit conditions of permits...... 80

Division 5—Concepts relating to permit criteria                                        81

Subdivision A—Non‑commercial purpose exports and imports                  81

303FA................... Eligible non‑commercial purpose exports......................... 81

303FB................... Eligible non‑commercial purpose imports......................... 81

303FC................... Export or import for the purposes of research.................. 82

303FD................... Export or import for the purposes of education................ 83

303FE.................... Export or import for the purposes of exhibition................ 83

303FF.................... Export or import for conservation breeding or propagation 84

303FG................... Export or import of household pets.................................. 85

303FH................... Export or import of personal items................................... 86

303FI..................... Export or import for the purposes of a travelling exhibition 87

Subdivision B—Commercial purpose exports and imports                          87

303FJ.................... Eligible commercial purpose exports................................ 87

303FK................... Export or import from an approved captive breeding program 88

303FL.................... Export from an approved artificial propagation program.. 88

303FLA................. Export from an approved cultivation program.................. 88

303FM.................. Export from an approved aquaculture program................. 89

303FN................... Approved wildlife trade operation.................................... 89

303FO................... Approved wildlife trade management plan........................ 92

303FP.................... Accredited wildlife trade management plan....................... 94

303FQ................... Consultation with State and Territory agencies................. 95

303FR................... Public consultation............................................................ 96

303FRA................ Assessments..................................................................... 96

303FS.................... Register of declarations..................................................... 97

303FT.................... Additional provisions relating to declarations................... 97

303FU................... Approved commercial import program............................. 99

Division 6—Miscellaneous                                                                                     100

303GA.................. Permit decision—controlled action, and action for which a non‑Part 13A permit is required  100

303GB................... Exceptional circumstances permit................................... 102

303GC................... Permit authorising the Secretary to export or import specimens               104

303GD.................. Testing permit—section 303EE assessments.................. 106

303GE................... Conditions of permits..................................................... 108

303GF................... Contravening conditions of a permit............................... 109

303GG.................. Authorities under permits............................................... 111

303GH.................. Transfer of permits......................................................... 112

303GI.................... Suspension or cancellation of permits............................. 112

303GJ.................... Review of decisions........................................................ 112

303GK................... Permit to be produced..................................................... 113

303GL................... Pre‑CITES certificate to be produced.............................. 114

303GM.................. Fees................................................................................ 115

303GN.................. Possession of illegally imported specimens.................... 115

303GO.................. Regulations relating to welfare........................................ 117

303GP................... Cruelty—export or import of animals............................. 118

303GQ.................. Imports of specimens contrary to the laws of a foreign country               119

303GR................... Evidence......................................................................... 119

303GS................... Evidence of examiner...................................................... 120

303GT................... Protection of witness...................................................... 122

303GU.................. Forms and declarations—persons arriving in Australia or an external Territory      123

303GV.................. Saving of other laws....................................................... 123

303GW.................. Part not to apply to certain specimens............................. 123

303GX.................. Part not to apply to certain specimens used by traditional inhabitants      125

303GY.................. When a specimen is lawfully imported............................ 127

Part 14—Conservation agreements                                                                        128

304........................ Object of this Part........................................................... 128

305........................ Minister may enter into conservation agreements........... 129

306........................ Content of conservation agreements............................... 133

306A..................... Conservation agreement may include declaration that actions do not need approval under Part 9            136

307........................ Conservation agreements to be legally binding............... 136

307A..................... Conservation agreements may deal with remediation or mitigation measures          137

308........................ Variation and termination of conservation agreements.... 138

309........................ Publication of conservation agreements.......................... 139

310........................ List of conservation agreements...................................... 141

311........................ Commonwealth, State and Territory laws....................... 141

312........................ Minister must not give preference................................... 141

Part 15—Protected areas                                                                                               142

Division 1—Managing World Heritage properties                                  142

Subdivision A—Simplified outline of this Division                                       142

313........................ Simplified outline of this Division.................................. 142

Subdivision B—Seeking agreement on World Heritage listing                 143

314........................ Special provisions relating to World Heritage nominations 143

Subdivision C—Notice of submission of property for listing                     143

315........................ Minister must give notice of submission of property for listing etc.        143

Subdivision D—Plans for listed World Heritage properties in Commonwealth areas                144

316........................ Making plans.................................................................. 144

317........................ Notice of plans................................................................ 146

318........................ Commonwealth compliance with plans........................... 146

319........................ Review of plans every 5 years........................................ 146

Subdivision E—Managing World Heritage properties in States and self‑governing Territories             147

320........................ Application..................................................................... 147

321........................ Co‑operating to prepare and implement plans................. 147

322........................ Commonwealth responsibilities...................................... 148

Subdivision F—Australian World Heritage management principles       148

323........................ Australian World Heritage management principles......... 148

Subdivision G—Assistance for protecting World Heritage properties    149

324........................ Commonwealth assistance for protecting declared World Heritage properties         149

Division 1A—Managing National Heritage places                                   150

Subdivision A—Preliminary                                                                               150

324A..................... Simplified outline of this Division.................................. 150

Subdivision B—The National Heritage List                                                    151

324C...................... The National Heritage List.............................................. 151

324D..................... Meaning of National Heritage values............................. 151

Subdivision BA—Inclusion of places in the National Heritage List: usual process       152

324E...................... Simplified outline............................................................ 152

324F...................... Definitions...................................................................... 153

324G..................... Meaning of assessment period....................................... 154

324H..................... Minister may determine heritage themes for an assessment period          154

324J....................... Minister to invite nominations for each assessment period 155

324JA.................... Minister to give nominations to Australian Heritage Council.. 156

324JB.................... Australian Heritage Council to prepare proposed priority assessment list                157

324JC.................... Matters to be included in proposed priority assessment list 158

324JD.................... Statement to be given to Minister with proposed priority assessment list                159

324JE.................... The finalised priority assessment list.............................. 159

324JF.................... Publication of finalised priority assessment list.............. 160

324JG.................... Australian Heritage Council to invite comments on places in finalised priority assessment list               160

324JH.................... Australian Heritage Council to assess places on finalised priority assessment list and give assessments to Minister.......................................................................... 162

324JI..................... Time by which assessments to be provided to Minister.. 164

324JJ..................... Decision about inclusion of a place in the National Heritage List             164

Subdivision BB—Inclusion of places in the National Heritage List: emergency process            167

324JK.................... Simplified outline............................................................ 167

324JL.................... Minister may include place in National Heritage List if under threat        168

324JM................... Minister to ask Australian Heritage Council for assessment 169

324JN.................... Publication of listing of place and inviting comments..... 170

324JO.................... Australian Heritage Council to assess place and give assessment to Minister          171

324JP.................... Time by which assessments to be provided to Minister.. 171

324JQ.................... Decision about place remaining in the National Heritage List  172

Subdivision BC—Other provisions relating to the National Heritage List 175

324JR.................... Co‑ordination with Scientific Committee—Council undertaking assessment           175

324JS.................... Co‑ordination with Scientific Committee—Council given assessment to Minister  177

324K...................... Listing process not affected by changing boundaries of a place               177

324L...................... Removal of places or National Heritage values from the National Heritage List      178

324M..................... Minister must consider advice of the Australian Heritage Council and public comments        179

324N..................... Specifying one or more additional National Heritage values for a National Heritage place      180

324P...................... National Heritage List must be publicly available........... 181

324Q..................... Certain information may be kept confidential.................. 181

324R...................... Disclosure of Australian Heritage Council’s assessments and advice      181

Subdivision C—Management plans for National Heritage places in Commonwealth areas      183

324S...................... Management plans for National Heritage places in Commonwealth areas               183

324T...................... Restriction on ability to make plans................................ 185

324U..................... Compliance with plans by the Commonwealth and Commonwealth agencies         185

324V..................... Multiple plans in the same document.............................. 185

324W..................... Review of plans at least every 5 years............................ 186

Subdivision D—Management of National Heritage places in States and self‑governing Territories      186

324X..................... Plans and Commonwealth responsibilities...................... 186

Subdivision E—The National Heritage management principles               187

324Y..................... National Heritage management principles....................... 187

Subdivision F—Obligations of Commonwealth agencies                            188

324Z...................... Obligation to assist the Minister and the Australian Heritage Council     188

324ZA................... Protecting National Heritage values of places sold or leased 189

Subdivision G—Assistance for protecting National Heritage places        190

324ZB................... Commonwealth assistance for protecting National Heritage places          190

Subdivision H—Reviewing and reporting on the National Heritage List 191

324ZC................... Reviewing and reporting on the National Heritage List.. 191

Division 2—Managing wetlands of international importance            192

Subdivision A—Simplified outline of this Division                                       192

325........................ Simplified outline of this Division.................................. 192

Subdivision B—Seeking agreement on Ramsar designation                      193

326........................ Commonwealth must seek agreement before designation 193

Subdivision C—Notice of designation of wetland                                          193

327........................ Minister must give notice of designation of wetland etc. 193

Subdivision D—Plans for listed wetlands in Commonwealth areas          194

328........................ Making plans.................................................................. 194

329........................ Notice of plans................................................................ 196

330........................ Commonwealth compliance with plans........................... 196

331........................ Review of plans every 5 years........................................ 196

Subdivision E—Management of wetlands in States and self‑governing Territories     196

332........................ Application..................................................................... 196

333........................ Co‑operating to prepare and implement plans................. 197

334........................ Commonwealth responsibilities...................................... 197

Subdivision F—Australian Ramsar management principles                      198

335........................ Australian Ramsar management principles..................... 198

Subdivision G—Assistance for protecting wetlands                                      198

336........................ Commonwealth assistance for protecting declared Ramsar wetlands       198

Division 3—Managing Biosphere reserves                                                   199

337........................ Definition of Biosphere reserve...................................... 199

338........................ Planning for management of Biosphere reserves............ 199

339........................ Commonwealth activities in Biosphere reserves............. 199

340........................ Australian Biosphere reserve management principles..... 200

341........................ Commonwealth assistance for protecting Biosphere reserves  200

Division 3A—Managing Commonwealth Heritage places                   201

Subdivision A—Preliminary                                                                               201

341A..................... Simplified outline of this Division.................................. 201

341B...................... Extension to places etc. outside the Australian jurisdiction 201

Subdivision B—The Commonwealth Heritage List                                      202

341C...................... The Commonwealth Heritage List.................................. 202

341D..................... Meaning of Commonwealth Heritage values................. 202

Subdivision BA—Inclusion of places in the Commonwealth Heritage List: usual process         203

341E...................... Simplified outline............................................................ 203

341F...................... Definitions...................................................................... 204

341G..................... Meaning of assessment period....................................... 205

341H..................... Minister to invite nominations for each assessment period 205

341J....................... Minister to give nominations to Australian Heritage Council.. 206

341JA.................... Australian Heritage Council to prepare proposed priority assessment list                208

341JB.................... Matters to be included in proposed priority assessment list 209

341JC.................... Statement to be given to Minister with proposed priority assessment list                209

341JD.................... The finalised priority assessment list.............................. 210

341JE.................... Publication of finalised priority assessment list.............. 211

341JF.................... Australian Heritage Council to invite comments on places in finalised priority assessment list               211

341JG.................... Australian Heritage Council to assess places on finalised priority assessment list and give assessments to Minister.......................................................................... 212

341JH.................... Time by which assessments to be provided to Minister.. 214

341JI..................... Decision about inclusion of a place in the Commonwealth Heritage List 215

Subdivision BB—Inclusion of places in the Commonwealth Heritage List: emergency process               218

341JJ..................... Simplified outline............................................................ 218

341JK.................... Minister may include place in Commonwealth Heritage List if under threat            218

341JL.................... Minister to ask Australian Heritage Council for assessment 220

341JM................... Publication of listing of place and inviting comments..... 220

341JN.................... Australian Heritage Council to assess place and give assessment to Minister          221

341JO.................... Time by which assessments to be provided to Minister.. 222

341JP.................... Decision about place remaining in the Commonwealth Heritage List       222

Subdivision BC—Other provisions relating to the Commonwealth Heritage List        226

341JQ.................... Co‑ordination with Scientific Committee—Council undertaking assessment           226

341JR.................... Co‑ordination with Scientific Committee—Council given assessment to Minister  227

341K...................... Listing process not affected by changing boundaries of a place               228

341L...................... Removal of places or Commonwealth Heritage values from the Commonwealth Heritage List               228

341M..................... Minister must consider advice of the Australian Heritage Council and public comments        230

341N..................... Specifying one or more additional Commonwealth Heritage values for a Commonwealth Heritage place........................................................................................ 231

341P...................... Commonwealth Heritage List must be publicly available 232

341Q..................... Certain information may be kept confidential.................. 232

341R...................... Disclosure of Australian Heritage Council’s assessments and advice      233

Subdivision C—Management plans for Commonwealth Heritage places 235

341S...................... Management plans for Commonwealth Heritage places. 235

341T...................... Endorsing management plans for Commonwealth Heritage places          236

341U..................... Restriction on ability to make plans................................ 237

341V..................... Compliance with plans by the Commonwealth and Commonwealth agencies         237

341W..................... Multiple plans in the same document.............................. 237

341X..................... Review of plans at least every 5 years............................ 238

Subdivision D—The Commonwealth Heritage management principles  239

341Y..................... Commonwealth Heritage management principles........... 239

Subdivision E—Obligations of Commonwealth agencies                            239

341Z...................... Obligation to assist the Minister and the Australian Heritage Council     239

341ZA................... Heritage strategies........................................................... 239

341ZB................... Heritage assessments and registers................................. 240

341ZC................... Minimising adverse impact on heritage values................ 241

341ZE.................... Protecting Commonwealth Heritage values of places sold or leased        242

Subdivision G—Assistance for protecting Commonwealth Heritage places   243

341ZG................... Commonwealth assistance for protecting Commonwealth Heritage places              243

Subdivision H—Reviewing and reporting on the Commonwealth Heritage List           244

341ZH................... Reviewing and reporting on the Commonwealth Heritage List                244

Division 4—Commonwealth reserves                                                              245

Subdivision A—Simplified outline of this Division                                       245

342........................ Simplified outline of this Division.................................. 245

Subdivision B—Declaring and revoking Commonwealth reserves          246

343........................ Simplified outline of this Subdivision............................. 246

344........................ Declaring Commonwealth reserves................................ 246

345........................ Extent of Commonwealth reserve................................... 248

345A..................... Commonwealth usage rights vest in Director................. 248

346........................ Content of Proclamation declaring Commonwealth reserve 249

347........................ Assigning Commonwealth reserves and zones to IUCN categories        250

348........................ Australian IUCN reserve management principles........... 250

350........................ Revocation and alteration of Commonwealth reserves.... 250

351........................ Report before making Proclamation................................ 252

352........................ What happens to Director’s usage rights when Commonwealth reserve is revoked                253

Subdivision C—Activities in Commonwealth reserves                                 254

353........................ Simplified outline of this Subdivision............................. 254

354........................ Activities that may be carried on only under management plan                255

354A..................... Offences relating to activities that may only be carried on under management plan 256

355........................ Limits on mining operations in Commonwealth reserves 261

355A..................... Offence relating to mining operations............................. 263

356........................ Regulations controlling activities relating to Commonwealth reserves     265

356A..................... Charges for activities in Commonwealth reserves.......... 267

357........................ Managing Commonwealth reserves while a management plan is not in operation   268

358........................ Restriction on disposal of Director’s interests in Commonwealth reserves              269

359........................ Prior usage rights relating to Commonwealth reserves continue to have effect        270

359A..................... Traditional use of Commonwealth reserves by indigenous persons         271

359B...................... Director’s approval of actions and mining operations when a management plan is not in operation        271

Subdivision D—Complying with management plans for Commonwealth reserves      273

361........................ Simplified outline of this Subdivision............................. 273

362........................ Commonwealth and Commonwealth agencies to comply with management plan for Commonwealth reserve........................................................................................ 274

363........................ Resolving disagreement between land council and Director over implementation of plan        274

364........................ Resolving disagreement between Director and Board over implementation of plan 276

Subdivision E—Approving management plans for Commonwealth reserves                277

365........................ Simplified outline of this Subdivision............................. 277

366........................ Obligation to prepare management plans for Commonwealth reserves    277

367........................ Content of a management plan for a Commonwealth reserve.. 278

368........................ Steps in preparing management plans for Commonwealth reserves         281

369........................ Resolving disagreements between Director and Board in planning process             284

370........................ Approval of management plans for Commonwealth reserves  285

371........................ Approved management plans are legislative instruments 286

372........................ Amendment and revocation of management plans for Commonwealth reserves      287

373........................ Expiry of management plans for Commonwealth reserves 287

Subdivision F—Boards for Commonwealth reserves on indigenous people’s land      287

374........................ Simplified outline of this Subdivision............................. 287

375........................ Application..................................................................... 288

376........................ Functions of a Board for a Commonwealth reserve........ 288

377........................ Minister must establish Board if land council or traditional owners agree               288

378........................ Altering the constitution of a Board or abolishing a Board 289

379........................ Appointment of Board members..................................... 291

379A..................... Fit and proper person...................................................... 292

380........................ Terms and conditions...................................................... 292

381........................ Remuneration.................................................................. 293

382........................ Termination of appointments of Board members............ 293

383........................ Procedure of a Board...................................................... 295

Subdivision G—Special rules for some Commonwealth reserves in the Northern Territory or Jervis Bay Territory                                                                                                       296

384........................ Simplified outline of this Subdivision............................. 296

385........................ Activities in Commonwealth reserve without management plan              296

386........................ What are the Kakadu region and the Uluru region?....... 297

387........................ No mining operations in Kakadu National Park.............. 297

388........................ Establishment and development of townships in the Kakadu region and Uluru region            298

389........................ Planning for townships................................................... 298

390........................ Special rules to protect Aboriginal interests in planning process              299

390A..................... Appointment of Northern Territory nominee to Board... 301

Division 5—Conservation zones                                                                         303

390B...................... Simplified outline of this Division.................................. 303

390C...................... Object of this Division.................................................... 303

390D..................... Proclamation of conservation zones................................ 303

390E...................... Regulating activities generally......................................... 304

390F...................... Charges for activities in conservation zones................... 306

390G..................... Other laws and regulations made for this Division......... 306

390H..................... Prior usage rights relating to conservation zones continue to have effect 307

390J....................... Revoking and altering conservation zones...................... 308

Chapter 5A—The List of Overseas Places of Historic Significance to Australia             309

Part 15A—The List of Overseas Places of Historic Significance to Australia      309

390K...................... The List of Overseas Places of Historic Significance to Australia           309

390L...................... Inclusion of places in the List of Overseas Places of Historic Significance to Australia          309

390M..................... Removal of places from the List of Overseas Places of Historic Significance to Australia or variation of statement of historic significance.................................... 310

390N..................... Inviting comments from other Ministers before taking action  310

390P...................... Minister may ask Australian Heritage Council for advice etc.  310

390Q..................... List of Overseas Places of Historic Significance to Australia to be publicly available             311

390R...................... Disclosure of Australian Heritage Council’s assessments and advice      311

Chapter 5B—Declared commercial fishing activities           312

Part 15B—Declared commercial fishing activities                                         312

Division 1—Prohibition                                                                                           312

390SA................... Civil penalty—declared commercial fishing activities..... 312

390SB................... Offence—declared commercial fishing activities............ 312

Division 2—Declaring a commercial fishing activity                              313

Subdivision A—What is a declared commercial fishing activity?            313

390SC................... What is a declared commercial fishing activity?............. 313

Subdivision B—Interim declaration                                                                 313

390SD................... Interim declaration.......................................................... 313

390SE.................... Consultation.................................................................... 315

Subdivision C—Final declaration                                                                      316

390SF.................... Final declaration.............................................................. 316

Subdivision D—Revoking declarations                                                            317

390SG................... Revoking an interim or final declaration......................... 317

Division 3—Expert panel assessment of declared commercial fishing activity 318

390SH................... Establishment of expert panel......................................... 318

390SI..................... Terms and conditions...................................................... 319

390SJ.................... Procedure for assessment............................................... 319

390SK................... Timing of the report........................................................ 319

390SL.................... Publication of the report.................................................. 319

Division 4—Sunsetting of this Part                                                                    320

390SM.................. Sunsetting of this Part..................................................... 320

Chapter 6—Administration                                                                            321

Part 16—Precautionary principle and other considerations in making decisions              321

391........................ Minister must consider precautionary principle in making decisions       321

Part 17—Enforcement                                                                                                    324

Division 1—Wardens, rangers and inspectors                                            324

Subdivision A—Wardens and rangers                                                              324

392........................ Appointment of wardens and rangers............................. 324

393........................ Arrangements for certain officers or employees to exercise powers etc. of wardens or rangers              324

394........................ Wardens ex officio........................................................... 325

395........................ Identity cards.................................................................. 325

Subdivision B—Inspectors                                                                                   326

396........................ Appointment of inspectors.............................................. 326

397........................ Inspectors ex officio........................................................ 326

398........................ Arrangements for State and Territory officers to be inspectors                327

399........................ Identity cards.................................................................. 327

Subdivision BA—Exercise of powers of authorised officers outside the territorial sea              328

399A..................... Powers to be exercised consistently with UNCLOS...... 328

Subdivision BB—Exercise of powers of authorised officers in relation to Great Barrier Reef Marine Park      329

399B...................... Certain powers to be exercised only by certain authorised officers          329

Subdivision C—Miscellaneous                                                                            329

400........................ Regulations may give wardens, rangers and inspectors extra powers, functions and duties    329

401........................ Impersonating authorised officers and rangers............... 330

402........................ Offences against authorised officers and rangers............ 331

Division 2—Boarding of vessels etc. and access to premises              333

403........................ Boarding of vessels etc. by authorised officers............... 333

404........................ Authorised officers to produce identification.................. 336

405........................ Access to premises......................................................... 337

406........................ Powers of authorised officers......................................... 338

406A..................... Searches under paragraph 406(1)(ba)............................. 340

406AA.................. Taking things into possession......................................... 340

406B...................... Thing taken into possession is not a thing seized............ 341

Division 3—Monitoring of compliance                                                            342

407........................ Monitoring powers......................................................... 342

407A..................... Operation of electronic equipment at premises................ 343

407B...................... Compensation for damage to electronic equipment......... 346

408........................ Monitoring searches with occupier’s consent................. 347

409........................ Monitoring warrants....................................................... 349

409A..................... Monitoring warrants by telephone or other electronic means 350

409B...................... Executing officer to be in possession of warrant............ 352

410........................ Details of monitoring warrant to be given to occupier etc. 353

411........................ Occupier entitled to be present during search.................. 353

412........................ Announcement before entry............................................ 353

412A..................... Other powers when on premises under monitoring warrant 354

Division 4—Search warrants                                                                               355

413........................ When search warrants can be issued............................... 355

414........................ Statements in warrants.................................................... 356

415........................ Powers of magistrate...................................................... 358

416........................ Warrants by telephone or other electronic means............ 359

417........................ The things that are authorised by a search warrant.......... 361

418........................ Availability of assistance, and use of force, in executing a warrant          363

418A..................... Executing officer to be in possession of warrant............ 364

419........................ Details of warrant to be given to occupier etc................. 364

420........................ Specific powers available to person executing warrant... 365

421........................ Use of equipment to examine or process things.............. 365

422........................ Use of electronic equipment at premises......................... 366

423........................ Compensation for damage to electronic equipment......... 369

424........................ Copies of seized things to be provided........................... 369

425........................ Occupier entitled to be present during search.................. 370

426........................ Receipts for things seized under warrant........................ 370

427........................ Restrictions on personal searches................................... 371

428........................ When a thing is in the possession of a person................ 371

Division 6—Arrest and related matters                                                         372

430........................ Powers of arrest.............................................................. 372

431........................ Power to conduct a frisk search of an arrested person.... 373

432........................ Power to conduct an ordinary search of an arrested person 373

433........................ Power to conduct search of arrested person’s premises.. 373

433A..................... Interaction of this Division with Schedule 1................... 374

Division 6A—Provisions relating to detention of suspected foreign offenders  375

433B...................... Provisions relating to detention of suspected foreign offenders               375

Division 7—Miscellaneous provisions about searches, entry to premises, warrants etc.            376

434........................ Conduct of ordinary searches and frisk searches............ 376

435........................ Announcement before entry............................................ 376

436........................ Offence of making false statements in warrants.............. 376

437........................ Offences relating to telephone warrants.......................... 376

438........................ Retention of things seized under Division 4 or 6............ 377

440........................ Law relating to legal professional privilege not affected. 378

441........................ Other laws about search, arrest etc. not affected............. 378

442........................ Persons to assist authorised officers............................... 378

Division 8—Power to search goods, baggage etc.                                    381

443........................ Power to search goods, baggage etc............................... 381

Division 8A—Power to ask questions about specimens                          383

443A..................... Authorised officer may ask questions about the nature or origin of specimens        383

Division 9—Power to ask for names and addresses                                 385

444........................ Authorised person may ask for person’s name and address 385

Division 10—Seizure and forfeiture etc.                                                        386

Subdivision AA—Seizure of specimens involved in a contravention of Part 13A         386

444A..................... Seizure of specimens involved in a contravention of Part 13A                386

444B...................... Notice about seizure........................................................ 386

444C...................... Applications for return of specimen................................ 387

444D..................... Court action for return of specimen................................ 388

444E...................... Consignment of specimen with consent of owner.......... 388

444G..................... Retention of specimen..................................................... 389

444H..................... Forfeiture of specimen after end of retention period....... 390

Subdivision AB—Seizure of things (other than specimens involved in a contravention of Part 13A)      391

445........................ Seizure of things (other than specimens involved in a contravention of Part 13A)  391

446........................ Retention of things seized under this Subdivision.......... 392

Subdivision AC—Direction to deliver seizable items                                    394

447........................ Direction to deliver seizable items................................... 394

Subdivision B—Disposal of seized items                                                          395

449........................ Immediate disposal of seized items................................. 395

449A..................... Disposal of seized items if Secretary cannot locate or identify person entitled etc.   397

Subdivision BA—Release of seized items to owner etc.                                398

449BA................... Release of seized items to owner etc............................... 398

449BB................... How this Part applies in relation to things released conditionally             398

Subdivision C—Forfeiture of seized items                                                      399

450........................ Court‑ordered forfeiture: order by court dealing with offence proceedings              399

450A..................... Court‑ordered forfeiture: other situations........................ 400

450B...................... Forfeiture of seized items by consent etc........................ 401

451........................ Dealings in forfeited items.............................................. 402

452........................ Delivery of forfeited items to the Commonwealth.......... 402

Subdivision F—Keeping of organisms or specimens that have been seized 403

453........................ Keeping of organisms or specimens retained under this Part 403

454........................ Recovery of costs of storing or keeping organisms or specimens            403

Subdivision G—Rescuing things                                                                         404

455........................ Rescuing things.............................................................. 404

456........................ Breaking or destroying things or documents to prevent seizure etc.         404

Subdivision H—Seizure of cages or containers                                              405

456AA.................. Power to seize cages or containers containing seizable things  405

456AB................... Retention of seized cage or container.............................. 405

456AC................... Retention of non‑seizable things contained in seized cages or containers 406

Division 12—Environmental audits                                                                  408

458........................ Directed environmental audits......................................... 408

459........................ Appointment of auditor and carrying out of audit........... 409

460........................ Nature of directed environmental audit........................... 409

461........................ Audit reports................................................................... 410

462........................ Directed environmental audits do not affect other audit obligations         411

Division 13—Conservation orders                                                                    412

Subdivision A—Simplified outline                                                                     412

463........................ Simplified outline of this Division.................................. 412

Subdivision B—Making and reviewing conservation orders                     412

464........................ Minister may make conservation orders......................... 412

465........................ Duration of conservation orders..................................... 413

466........................ Reviews of conservation orders...................................... 414

467........................ Publication of conservation orders.................................. 414

468........................ Application for reconsideration of conservation orders or decisions on review       415

469........................ Reconsideration of conservation orders and decisions on review            416

Subdivision C—Complying with conservation orders                                  417

470........................ Contravening conservation orders is an offence............. 417

471........................ Minister to consider proposed actions etc....................... 417

472........................ Contents of notices of advice.......................................... 418

473........................ Review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal............ 418

474........................ Assistance in complying with conservation orders......... 418

Division 14—Injunctions                                                                                         420

475........................ Injunctions for contravention of the Act......................... 420

476........................ Injunctions for contraventions of conservation agreements 422

477........................ Discharge of injunctions................................................. 423

479........................ Certain considerations for granting injunctions not relevant 423

480........................ Powers conferred are in addition to other powers of the Court                424

Division 14A—Federal Court’s power to make remediation orders 425

480A..................... Remediation orders......................................................... 425

480B...................... Discharge of remediation orders..................................... 426

480C...................... Powers conferred are in addition to other powers of the Court                426

Division 14B—Minister’s power to make remediation determinations 427

Subdivision A—Making of remediation determinations                             427

480D..................... Minister may make remediation determination................ 427

480E...................... Contents of a remediation determination......................... 427

480F...................... Notifying owners and occupiers of land of proposed remediation determination     428

480G..................... Notifying that remediation determination has been made 429

480H..................... Duration of remediation determinations.......................... 429

480J....................... Ministerial reconsideration of remediation determinations 429

Subdivision B—Federal Court may set aside remediation determination 430

480K...................... Applying to Federal Court to have remediation determination set aside   430

Subdivision C—Complying with remediation determinations                   431

480L...................... Federal Court may order compliance with remediation determination      431

480M..................... Civil penalty for contravention of remediation determination 432

Subdivision D—Variation or revocation of remediation determinations 432

480N..................... Variation or revocation of remediation determination..... 432

Division 15—Civil penalties                                                                                  433

Subdivision A—Obtaining an order for a civil penalty                               433

481........................ Federal Court may order person to pay pecuniary penalty for contravening civil penalty provision        433

482........................ What is a civil penalty provision?.................................... 434

483........................ Contravening a civil penalty provision is not an offence. 434

484........................ Persons involved in contravening civil penalty provision 434

485........................ Recovery of a pecuniary penalty..................................... 435

Subdivision B—Civil penalty proceedings and criminal proceedings     435

486A..................... Civil proceedings after criminal proceedings.................. 435

486B...................... Criminal proceedings during civil proceedings............... 435

486C...................... Criminal proceedings after civil proceedings.................. 435

486D..................... Evidence given in proceedings for penalty not admissible in criminal proceedings  436

Subdivision C—Enforceable undertakings relating to contraventions of Part 3 civil penalty provisions             436

486DA.................. Acceptance of undertakings relating to contraventions of Part 3 civil penalty provisions        436

486DB................... Enforcement of undertakings.......................................... 437

Division 15A—Notices to produce or attend                                               438

486E...................... Application of Division.................................................. 438

486F...................... Minister may require person to provide information etc. 438

486G..................... Minister may require person to appear before Minister.. 439

486H..................... Persons to whom notices may not be given.................... 440

486J....................... Self‑incrimination........................................................... 440

Division 16—Review of administrative decisions                                      442

487........................ Extended standing for judicial review............................. 442

488........................ Applications on behalf of unincorporated organisations. 443

Division 17—Duty to provide accurate information                               444

489........................ Providing false or misleading information to obtain approval or permit   444

490........................ Providing false or misleading information in response to a condition on an approval or permit              445

491........................ Providing false or misleading information to authorised officer etc.        446

Division 18—Liability of executive officers for corporations            447

493........................ Who is an executive officer of a body corporate?............ 447

494........................ Civil penalties for executive officers of bodies corporate 447

495........................ Criminal liability of executive officers of bodies corporate 448

496........................ Did an executive officer take reasonable steps to prevent contravention? 449

Division 18A—Liability of landholders for other people’s actions  451

496A..................... Who is a landholder?...................................................... 451

496B...................... Civil penalties for landholders........................................ 451

496C...................... Criminal liability of landholders...................................... 451

496D..................... Did a landholder take reasonable steps to prevent a contravention?         453

Division 19—Infringement notices                                                                    454

497........................ Infringement notices....................................................... 454

Division 20—Publicising contraventions                                                        455

498........................ Minister may publicise contraventions of this Act or the regulations       455

Division 21—Immunity of officers                                                                     456

498A..................... Immunity of officers and assistants................................ 456

Division 22—Conduct of directors, employees and agents                  457

498B...................... Conduct of directors, employees and agents................... 457

Part 18—Remedying environmental damage                                                   460

499........................ Commonwealth powers to remedy environmental damage 460

500........................ Liability for loss or damage caused by contravention..... 461

501........................ Other powers not affected............................................... 462

Part 19—Organisations                                                                                                  463

Division 1—Establishment and functions of the Threatened Species Scientific Committee        463

502........................ Establishment.................................................................. 463

503........................ Functions of the Committee............................................ 463

Division 2—Establishment and functions of the Biological Diversity Advisory Committee       464

504........................ Establishment.................................................................. 464

505........................ Functions of the Committee............................................ 465

Division 2A—Indigenous Advisory Committee                                          466

505A..................... Establishment.................................................................. 466

505B...................... Functions of the Committee............................................ 466

Division 2B—Establishment and functions of the Independent Expert Scientific Committee on Coal Seam Gas and Large Coal Mining Development                         467

505C...................... Establishment.................................................................. 467

505D..................... Functions of the Committee............................................ 468

505E...................... Declared States and Territories....................................... 469

Division 3—Members and procedures of Committees                            471

506........................ Application..................................................................... 471

507........................ Terms and conditions...................................................... 471

508........................ Remuneration.................................................................. 471

509........................ Termination of appointments of Committee members..... 472

510........................ Procedure of a Committee............................................... 473

Division 4—Advisory committees                                                                      475

511........................ Minister may establish advisory committees................... 475

512........................ Appointments................................................................. 475

513........................ Members of advisory committees................................... 475

514........................ Committee procedure...................................................... 476

Division 5—Director of National Parks                                                         477

Subdivision A—Establishment, functions and powers                                  477

514A..................... Continuation................................................................... 477

514B...................... Functions........................................................................ 477

514C...................... Powers............................................................................ 478

514D..................... Requirements relating to functions and powers.............. 479

Subdivision B—Constitution of Director of National Parks                       480

514E...................... Constitution.................................................................... 480

514F...................... Appointment................................................................... 481

514G..................... Acting appointments....................................................... 481

Subdivision C—Terms and conditions of appointment                                481

514H..................... Term of office................................................................. 481

514J....................... Remuneration.................................................................. 482

514K...................... Outside employment....................................................... 482

514M..................... Leave of absence............................................................. 482

514N..................... Resignation..................................................................... 482

514P...................... Termination..................................................................... 482

514Q..................... Other terms and conditions............................................. 483

Subdivision D—Australian National Parks Fund                                          483

514R...................... Australian National Parks Fund...................................... 483

514S...................... Payments to Australian National Parks Fund................. 483

514T...................... Application of money..................................................... 484

Subdivision E—Accountability                                                                           485

514U..................... Application of Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013       485

514V..................... Extra matters to be included in annual report.................. 485

Subdivision F—Miscellaneous                                                                            485

514W..................... Exemption from taxation................................................. 485

514X..................... Changes in office of Director.......................................... 485

Part 19A—Reconsideration of fees                                                                         487

514Y..................... Applications for reconsideration of fee........................... 487

514YA.................. Reconsideration of fee.................................................... 487

514YB................... Deadline for reconsideration........................................... 488

Part 20—Delegation                                                                                                          489

515........................ Delegation....................................................................... 489

515AA.................. Delegation by Minister in relation to Great Barrier Reef Marine Park     489

515AB................... Delegation by Secretary in relation to Great Barrier Reef Marine Park    490

Part 20A—Publication of information on the internet                               492

515A..................... Publication of information on the internet....................... 492

Part 21—Reporting                                                                                                           493

Division 1—Annual reports                                                                                   493

516........................ Annual report on operation of Act.................................. 493

516A..................... Annual reports to deal with environmental matters......... 493

Division 2—State of the environment reports                                             495

516B...................... State of the environment reports..................................... 495

Chapter 7—Miscellaneous                                                                                496

Part 22—Miscellaneous                                                                                                  496

517........................ Determinations of species............................................... 496

517A..................... Exemption for activities that might harm particular species introduced into particular areas     496

518........................ Non‑compliance with time limits.................................... 499

519........................ Compensation for acquisition of property....................... 499

520........................ Regulations..................................................................... 500

520A..................... Statements about the application of the Act..................... 502

521........................ Fees and charges must not be taxes................................ 502

521A..................... Time does not run if all or part of fee remains unpaid..... 503

522........................ Financial assistance etc. to be paid out of appropriated money 503

522A..................... Review of operation of Act............................................. 504

Chapter 8—Definitions                                                                                        505

Part 23—Definitions                                                                                                         505

Division 1—Some definitions relating to particular topics                   505

Subdivision A—Actions                                                                                        505

523........................ Actions............................................................................ 505

524........................ Things that are not actions.............................................. 505

524A..................... Provision of grant funding is not an action..................... 506

Subdivision B—Areas                                                                                           506

525........................ Commonwealth areas...................................................... 506

Subdivision C—Entities                                                                                        508

526........................ Subsidiaries of bodies corporate..................................... 508

Subdivision D—Criminal law                                                                             508

527........................ Convictions..................................................................... 508

Subdivision E—Specimens                                                                                   508

527A..................... Specimens....................................................................... 508

527B...................... Breeding in captivity....................................................... 510

527C...................... Artificial propagation...................................................... 510

527D..................... Things represented to be CITES specimens.................... 510

Subdivision F—Impacts                                                                                        511

527E...................... Meaning of impact.......................................................... 511

Division 2—General list of definitions                                                             513

528........................ Definitions...................................................................... 513

Schedule 1—Provisions relating to detention of suspected foreign offenders    541

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                         541

Division 1—Objects of this Schedule                                                                541

1............................ Main objects of this Schedule......................................... 541

Division 2—Definitions                                                                                            543

2............................ Definitions...................................................................... 543

Division 3—Appointment etc. of detention officers                                  544

3............................ Minister may appoint persons to be detention officers.... 544

4............................ Detention officers subject to directions........................... 544

5............................ Detention officer etc. not liable to certain actions............ 544

Division 4—Approval of authorised officers and detention officers 546

6............................ The Secretary may approve authorised officers and detention officers     546

7............................ Persons who are authorised officers for purposes of the Migration Act 1958 are taken to be approved for this Schedule......................................................................... 546

Part 2—Detaining suspected foreign offenders                                               549

Division 1—Initial detention by an authorised officer                            549

8............................ Power to detain............................................................... 549

9............................ Relationship with Part IC of the Crimes Act 1914.......... 549

Division 2—Continued detention by a detention officer                        550

10.......................... Detention officer may detain person already detained by authorised officer             550

Division 3—Detention on behalf of an authorised officer or detention officer  551

11.......................... Detention on behalf of an authorised officer or detention officer             551

Division 4—Moving detainees                                                                              552

12.......................... Power to move detainees................................................ 552

Division 5—End of detention                                                                                553

13.......................... End of detention.............................................................. 553

Division 6—Offence of escaping from detention                                        554

14.......................... Escape from detention..................................................... 554

Part 3—Searching and screening detainees and screening their visitors 555

Division 1—Searches of detainees                                                                     555

15.......................... Searches of detainees...................................................... 555

Division 2—Screening of detainees                                                                   557

16.......................... Power to conduct a screening procedure......................... 557

Division 3—Strip searches of detainees                                                          559

17.......................... Power to conduct a strip search...................................... 559

18.......................... Rules for conducting a strip search................................. 561

Division 4—Keeping of things found by screening or strip search of detainees               564

19.......................... Possession and retention of certain things obtained during a screening procedure or strip search           564

20.......................... Approved officer may apply for a thing to be retained for a further period              565

21.......................... Magistrate may order that thing be retained.................... 566

Division 5—Screening detainees’ visitors                                                      567

22.......................... Powers concerning entry to premises where detainee is detained             567

Division 6—Law applying to detainee in State or Territory prison etc.               569

23.......................... Detainees held in State or Territory prisons or remand centres                569

Part 4—Detainees’ rights to facilities for obtaining legal advice etc.  570

24.......................... Detainee may have access to certain advice, facilities etc. 570

Part 5—Identifying detainees                                                                                     571

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                          571

25.......................... Definitions...................................................................... 571

26.......................... Meaning of personal identifier....................................... 571

27.......................... Limiting the types of identification tests that approved officers may carry out         573

Division 2—Identification of detainees                                                            574

Subdivision A—Provision of personal identifiers                                         574

28.......................... Detainees must provide personal identifiers.................... 574

29.......................... Approved officers must require and carry out identification tests            575

30.......................... Information to be provided before carrying out identification tests          576

Subdivision B—How identification tests are carried out                             576

31.......................... General rules for carrying out identification tests............ 576

32.......................... Use of force in carrying out identification tests............... 577

33.......................... Identification tests not to be carried out in cruel, inhuman or degrading manner etc.                579

34.......................... Approved officer may get help to carry out identification tests                579

35.......................... Identification tests to be carried out by approved officer of same sex as non‑citizen                579

36.......................... Independent person to be present.................................... 580

37.......................... Recording of identification tests...................................... 580

38.......................... Retesting......................................................................... 580

Subdivision C—Obligations relating to video recordings of identification tests           583

39.......................... Definitions...................................................................... 583

40.......................... Accessing video recordings............................................ 584

41.......................... Authorising access to video recordings.......................... 584

42.......................... Providing video recordings............................................. 585

43.......................... Unauthorised modification of video recordings.............. 587

44.......................... Unauthorised impairment of video recordings................ 587

45.......................... Meanings of unauthorised modification and unauthorised impairment etc.            587

46.......................... Destroying video recordings........................................... 588

Division 3—Identification of minors and incapable persons               589

47.......................... Minors............................................................................ 589

48.......................... Incapable persons........................................................... 589

Division 4—Obligations relating to detainees’ identifying information 591

Subdivision A—Preliminary                                                                               591

49.......................... Definitions...................................................................... 591

50.......................... Application..................................................................... 592

Subdivision B—Accessing identifying information                                      592

51.......................... Accessing identifying information.................................. 592

52.......................... Authorising access to identifying information................ 593

Subdivision C—Disclosing identifying information                                     594

53.......................... Disclosing identifying information................................. 594

54.......................... Authorising disclosure of identifying information to foreign countries etc.             596

Subdivision D—Modifying and impairing identifying information         597

55.......................... Unauthorised modification of identifying information.... 597

56.......................... Unauthorised impairment of identifying information...... 597

57.......................... Meanings of unauthorised modification and unauthorised impairment etc.            598

Subdivision E—Retaining identifying information                                      598

58.......................... Identifying information may be indefinitely retained....... 598

Part 6—Disclosure of detainees’ personal information                              600

59.......................... Disclosure of detainees’ personal information................ 600

Endnotes                                                                                                                                  601

Endnote 1—About the endnotes                                                                          601

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key                                                                              603

Endnote 3—Legislation history                                                                           604

Endnote 4—Amendment history                                                                         612


Chapter 5Conservation of biodiversity and heritage

Part 13Species and communities

Division 5Conservation advice, recovery plans, threat abatement plans and wildlife conservation plans

Subdivision AAApproved conservation advice

266B  Approved conservation advice for listed threatened species and listed threatened ecological communities

Minister to ensure there is approved conservation advice

             (1)  The Minister must ensure that there is approved conservation advice for each listed threatened species (except one that is extinct or that is a conservation dependent species), and each listed threatened ecological community, at all times while the species or community continues to be listed.

             (2)  For this purpose, approved conservation advice is a document, approved in writing by the Minister (and as changed from time to time in accordance with subsection (3)), that contains:

                     (a)  a statement that sets out:

                              (i)  the grounds on which the species or community is eligible to be included in the category in which it is listed; and

                             (ii)  the main factors that are the cause of it being so eligible; and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  information about what could appropriately be done to stop the decline of, or support the recovery of, the species or community; or

                             (ii)  a statement to the effect that there is nothing that could appropriately be done to stop the decline of, or support the recovery of, the species or community.

Changing approved conservation advice

             (3)  The Minister may, in writing, approve changes to approved conservation advice.

Consultation with Scientific Committee

             (4)  If the Minister proposes to approve a document as approved conservation advice, the Minister must consult the Scientific Committee about the document, unless its content is substantially the same as material that the Committee has previously provided to the Minister.

             (5)  If the Minister proposes to approve a change to approved conservation advice, the Minister must consult the Scientific Committee about the change, unless the change is substantially the same as a change that the Scientific Committee has previously advised the Minister should be made.

Publication requirements

             (6)  If the Minister approves a document as approved conservation advice, the Minister must:

                     (a)  within 10 days of the approval of the document, publish the approved conservation advice on the internet; and

                     (b)  comply with any other publication requirements of the regulations.

             (7)  If the Minister approves a change to approved conservation advice, the Minister must:

                     (a)  within 10 days of the approval of the change, publish the advice, as changed, on the internet; and

                     (b)  comply with any other publication requirements of the regulations.

Instruments of approval are not legislative instruments

             (8)  An instrument of approval under subsection (2) or (3) is not a legislative instrument.

Subdivision ARecovery plans and threat abatement plans

267  Simplified outline of this Subdivision

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Subdivision:

Recovery plans for listed threatened species and ecological communities and threat abatement plans for key threatening processes bind the Commonwealth and Commonwealth agencies.

The Minister need ensure that a recovery plan is in force for a listed threatened species or ecological community only if the Minister decides to have a recovery plan. The Minister must decide whether to have a recovery plan for the species or community within 90 days after it becomes listed. The Minister may, at any other time, decide whether to have such a plan.

The Minister need ensure a threat abatement plan is in force for a key threatening process only if the Minister decides that a plan is a feasible, effective and efficient way of abating the process. The Minister must consult before making such a decision.

A recovery plan or threat abatement plan can be made by the Minister alone or jointly with relevant States and Territories, or the Minister can adopt a State or Territory plan. There must be public consultation and advice from the Scientific Committee about the plan, regardless of how it is made or adopted.

268  Compliance with recovery plans and threat abatement plans

                   A Commonwealth agency must not take any action that contravenes a recovery plan or a threat abatement plan.

269  Implementing recovery and threat abatement plans

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), the Commonwealth must implement a recovery plan or threat abatement plan to the extent to which it applies in Commonwealth areas.

             (2)  If a recovery plan or a threat abatement plan applies outside Commonwealth areas in a particular State or self‑governing Territory, the Commonwealth must seek the co‑operation of the State or Territory with a view to implementing the plan jointly with the State or Territory to the extent to which the plan applies in the State or Territory.

269AA  Decision whether to have a recovery plan

Minister has an initial obligation and then a discretion

             (1)  The Minister must decide whether to have a recovery plan for a listed threatened species (except one that is extinct or that is a conservation dependent species) or a listed threatened ecological community within 90 days after the species or community becomes listed. The Minister may, at any other time, decide whether to have a recovery plan for the species or community.

             (2)  In this section:

                     (a)  the decision that the Minister is required by subsection (1) to make in relation to the species or community within the 90 day period referred to in that subsection is the initial recovery plan decision; and

                     (b)  any subsequent decision that the Minister makes under subsection (1) in relation to the species or community is a subsequent recovery plan decision.

Making the initial recovery plan decision

             (3)  In making the initial recovery plan decision, the Minister must have regard to the recommendation (the initial recommendation) made by the Scientific Committee as mentioned in paragraph 189(1B)(c) in relation to the species or community.

Making a subsequent recovery plan decision (unless subsection (5) applies)

             (4)  In making a subsequent recovery plan decision in relation to the species or community, other than a decision to which subsection (5) applies:

                     (a)  the Minister must have regard to the initial recommendation in relation to the species or community; and

                     (b)  the Minister must have regard to any advice subsequently provided to the Minister by the Scientific Committee about whether there should be a recovery plan for the species or community.

Changing from a decision to have a recovery plan to a decision not to have a recovery plan—additional requirements

             (5)  If, at a time when a decision to have a recovery plan for the species or community is in force (whether or not the plan has yet been made), the Minister is proposing to make a subsequent recovery plan decision that there should not be a recovery plan for the species or community:

                     (a)  the Minister must ask the Scientific Committee for advice relating to the proposed decision; and

                     (b)  the Minister must publish a notice inviting comments on the proposed decision in accordance with subsection (7); and

                     (c)  the Minister must, in deciding whether to make the proposed decision, take account of:

                              (i)  any advice provided by the Scientific Committee in relation to the proposed decision; and

                             (ii)  subject to subsection (6), the comments the Minister receives in response to the notice referred to in paragraph (b).

             (6)  The Minister is not required to take a comment referred to in subparagraph (5)(c)(ii) into account if:

                     (a)  the Minister does not receive the comment until after the cut‑off date specified in the notice under paragraph (5)(b); or

                     (b)  the Minister considers that regulations referred to in paragraph (8)(b) have not been complied with in relation to the comment.

             (7)  The notice referred to in paragraph (5)(b):

                     (a)  must be published in accordance with the regulations referred to in paragraph (8)(a); and

                     (b)  must set out the decision the Minister proposed to make; and

                     (c)  must invite people to make comments, to the Minister, about the proposed decision; and

                     (d)  must specify the date (the cut‑off date) by which comments must be received, which must be at least 30 business days after the notice has been published as required by paragraph (a); and

                     (e)  must specify, or refer to, the manner and form requirements that, under regulations referred to in paragraph (8)(b), apply to making comments; and

                      (f)  may also include any other information that the Minister considers appropriate.

             (8)  The regulations must provide for the following:

                     (a)  how a notice referred to in paragraph (5)(b) is to be published;

                     (b)  the manner and form for making comments.

General publication requirements

             (9)  The Minister must publish the following:

                     (a)  the Minister’s initial recovery plan decision, and the reasons for it;

                     (b)  each subsequent recovery plan decision (if any), and the reasons for it.

The regulations may specify how the publication is to be made. Subject to any such regulations, the publication must be made in a way that the Minister considers appropriate.

Note:          This subsection must be complied with, even if the Minister has already published notice of the proposed decision in accordance with subsections (5) and (7).

Decisions not legislative instruments

           (10)  An instrument making a decision under subsection (1) is not a legislative instrument.

269A  Making or adopting a recovery plan

Application

             (1)  This section applies only if the Minister’s most recent decision under section 269AA in relation to a listed threatened species (except one that is extinct or that is a conservation dependent species) or a listed threatened ecological community is to have a recovery plan for the species or community.

Note:          Subsection 273(1) sets a deadline of 3 years from the decision for ensuring that a recovery plan is in force for the species or community. Subsection 273(2) allows that period to be extended.

Making a plan

             (2)  The Minister may make a written recovery plan for the purposes of the protection, conservation and management of:

                     (a)  a listed threatened species (except one that is extinct or is a conservation dependent species); or

                     (b)  a listed threatened ecological community.

Making a plan jointly with a State or Territory

             (3)  The Minister may make a written recovery plan for the purposes of the protection, conservation and management of a listed threatened species (except one that is extinct or is a conservation dependent species) or a listed threatened ecological community jointly with one or more of the States and self‑governing Territories in which the species or community occurs, or with agencies of one or more of those States and Territories.

Content of a plan

             (4)  The Minister must not make a recovery plan under subsection (2) or (3) unless the plan meets the requirements of section 270.

Prerequisites to making a plan

             (5)  Before making a recovery plan under subsection (2) or (3) for a listed threatened species or listed threatened ecological community, the Minister must:

                     (a)  consult the appropriate Minister of each State and self‑governing Territory in which the species or community occurs, and in which actions that the plan would provide for would occur, with a view to:

                              (i)  taking the views of each of those States and Territories into account in making the plan under subsection (2); or

                             (ii)  making the plan jointly under subsection (3);

                            unless the species or community occurs only in a Commonwealth area; and

                     (b)  consider the advice of the Scientific Committee given under section 274; and

                     (c)  consult about the plan and consider comments in accordance with sections 275 and 276.

Limits on making a plan

             (6)  The Minister must not make a recovery plan under subsection (2) for a species or ecological community that occurs wholly or partly outside a Commonwealth area unless the Minister is satisfied that it is not reasonably practicable, within the period of 3 years referred to in subsection 273(1), to make the plan under subsection (3) of this section with each State or Territory:

                     (a)  in which the species or community occurs; and

                     (b)  in which actions that the plan would provide for would occur, if the plan were made under subsection (2) of this section.

Adopting a State or Territory plan

             (7)  The Minister may, by instrument in writing, adopt as a recovery plan a plan made by a State, a self‑governing Territory or an agency of a State or self‑governing Territory (whether or not the plan is in force in the State or Territory). The Minister may adopt the plan with such modifications as are specified in the instrument. This subsection has effect subject to section 277.

Note:          Section 277 requires that:

(a)    an adopted plan have the content required for a recovery plan by section 270; and

(b)    there has been adequate consultation in making the plan adopted; and

(c)    the Minister consult the Scientific Committee about the content of the plan.

Effect of adopting a plan

             (8)  A plan adopted under subsection (7) has effect as if it had been made under subsection (2) (whether it was adopted with modifications or not).

270  Content of recovery plans

             (1)  A recovery plan must provide for the research and management actions necessary to stop the decline of, and support the recovery of, the listed threatened species or listed threatened ecological community concerned so that its chances of long‑term survival in nature are maximised.

             (2)  In particular, a recovery plan must (subject to subsection (2A)):

                     (a)  state the objectives to be achieved (for example, removing a species or community from a list, or indefinite protection of existing populations of a species or community); and

                     (b)  state criteria against which achievement of the objectives is to be measured (for example, a specified number and distribution of viable populations of a species or community, or the abatement of threats to a species or community); and

                     (c)  specify the actions needed to achieve the objectives; and

                    (ca)  identify threats to the species or community; and

                     (d)  identify the habitats that are critical to the survival of the species or community concerned and the actions needed to protect those habitats; and

                     (e)  identify any populations of the species or community concerned that are under particular pressure of survival and the actions needed to protect those populations; and

                      (f)  state the estimated duration and cost of the recovery process; and

                     (g)  identify:

                              (i)  interests that will be affected by the plan’s implementation; and

                             (ii)  organisations or persons who will be involved in evaluating the performance of the recovery plan; and

                     (h)  specify any major benefits to native species or ecological communities (other than those to which the plan relates) that will be affected by the plan’s implementation; and

                      (j)  meet prescribed criteria (if any) and contain provisions of a prescribed kind (if any).

          (2A)  A recovery plan need only address the matters mentioned in paragraphs (2)(d), (e), (f), (g) and (h) to the extent to which it is practicable to do so.

             (3)  In making a recovery plan, regard must be had to:

                     (a)  the objects of this Act; and

                     (b)  the most efficient and effective use of the resources that are allocated for the conservation of species and ecological communities; and

                     (c)  minimising any significant adverse social and economic impacts, consistently with the principles of ecologically sustainable development; and

                     (d)  meeting Australia’s obligations under international agreements between Australia and one or more countries relevant to the species or ecological community to which the plan relates; and

                     (e)  the role and interests of indigenous people in the conservation of Australia’s biodiversity.

270A  Decision whether to have a threat abatement plan

Decision

             (1)  The Minister may at any time decide whether to have a threat abatement plan for a threatening process in the list of key threatening processes established under section 183. The Minister must do so:

                     (a)  within 90 days of the threatening process being included in the list; and

                     (b)  within 5 years of the last decision whether to have a threat abatement plan for the process, if that decision was not to have a threat abatement plan for the process.

Basis for decision

             (2)  The Minister must decide to have a threat abatement plan for the process if he or she believes that having and implementing a threat abatement plan is a feasible, effective and efficient way to abate the process. The Minister must decide not to have a threat abatement plan if he or she does not believe that.

Consultation before making a decision

             (3)  Before making a decision under this section, the Minister must:

                     (a)  request the Scientific Committee to give advice within a specified period; and

                     (b)  take reasonable steps to request any Commonwealth agency, any State, any self‑governing Territory, and any agency of a State or self‑governing Territory, that would be affected by or interested in abatement of the process to give advice within a specified period;

on the feasibility, effectiveness or efficiency of having and implementing a threat abatement plan to abate the process.

Consulting others

             (4)  Subsection (3) does not prevent the Minister from requesting any other person or body to give advice within a specified period on the feasibility, effectiveness or efficiency of having and implementing a threat abatement plan to abate the process.

Request may be made before listing

             (5)  A request for advice on the feasibility, effectiveness or efficiency of having and implementing a threat abatement plan to abate the process may be made before or after the process is included in the list of key threatening processes established under section 183.

Time for giving advice

             (6)  The Minister must not make a decision whether to have a threat abatement plan for the process before the end of the period within which he or she has requested a person or body to give advice on the feasibility, effectiveness or efficiency of having and implementing a threat abatement plan to abate the process.

Considering views expressed in consultation

             (7)  When the Minister is making a decision under this section, he or she must consider the advice that a person or body gave on request within the period specified in the request.

Publishing decision and reasons

             (8)  The Minister must publish in accordance with the regulations (if any):

                     (a)  a decision whether or not to have a threat abatement plan for a key threatening process; and

                     (b)  the Minister’s reasons for the decision.

Special rules for processes included in original list

             (9)  Subsections (3), (4), (5), (6) and (7) do not apply in relation to a decision about a process included in the list under section 183 as first established.

270B  Making or adopting a threat abatement plan

Application

             (1)  This section applies only if the Minister’s most recent decision under section 270A in relation to a key threatening process is to have a threat abatement plan for the process.

Note:          Section 273 sets a deadline of 3 years from the decision for ensuring that a threat abatement plan is in force for the process.

Making a plan

             (2)  The Minister may make a written threat abatement plan for the purposes of reducing the effect of the process.

Making a plan jointly with a State or Territory

             (3)  The Minister may make a written threat abatement plan for the purposes of reducing the effect of the process, jointly with the States and self‑governing Territories in which the process occurs or with agencies of those States and Territories.

Content of a plan

             (4)  The Minister must not make a threat abatement plan under subsection (2) or (3) unless the plan meets the requirements of section 271.

Prerequisites to making a plan

             (5)  Before making a threat abatement plan for the process under subsection (2) or (3), the Minister must:

                     (a)  consult the appropriate Minister of each State and self‑governing Territory in which the process occurs, with a view to:

                              (i)  taking the views of each of those States and Territories into account in making the plan under subsection (2); or

                             (ii)  making the plan jointly under subsection (3);

                            unless the process occurs only in a Commonwealth area; and

                     (b)  consider the advice of the Scientific Committee given under section 274; and

                     (c)  consult about the plan and consider comments in accordance with sections 275 and 276.

Limits on making a plan

             (6)  The Minister must not make a threat abatement plan under subsection (2) for a process that occurs wholly or partly outside a Commonwealth area unless the Minister is satisfied that it is not reasonably practicable to make the plan:

                     (a)  jointly with each of the States and self‑governing Territories in which the process occurs; and

                     (b)  within 3 years of the decision to have the plan.

Adopting a State or Territory plan

             (7)  The Minister may, by instrument in writing, adopt as a threat abatement plan for the process a plan made by a State, a self‑governing Territory or an agency of a State or self‑governing Territory (whether or not the plan is in force in the State or Territory). The Minister may adopt the plan with such modifications as are specified in the instrument. This subsection has effect subject to section 277.

Note:          Section 277 requires that:

(a)    an adopted plan have the content required for a threat abatement plan by section 271; and

(b)    there has been adequate consultation in making the plan adopted; and

(c)    the Minister consult the Scientific Committee about the content of the plan.

Effect of adopting a plan

             (8)  A plan adopted under subsection (7) has effect as if it had been made under subsection (2), whether it was adopted with modifications or not.

271  Content of threat abatement plans

             (1)  A threat abatement plan must provide for the research, management and other actions necessary to reduce the key threatening process concerned to an acceptable level in order to maximise the chances of the long‑term survival in nature of native species and ecological communities affected by the process.

             (2)  In particular, a threat abatement plan must:

                     (a)  state the objectives to be achieved; and

                     (b)  state criteria against which achievement of the objectives is to be measured; and

                     (c)  specify the actions needed to achieve the objectives; and

                     (g)  meet prescribed criteria (if any) and contain provisions of a prescribed kind (if any).

             (3)  In making a threat abatement plan, regard must be had to:

                     (a)  the objects of this Act; and

                     (b)  the most efficient and effective use of the resources that are allocated for the conservation of species and ecological communities; and

                     (c)  minimising any significant adverse social and economic impacts consistently with the principles of ecologically sustainable development; and

                     (d)  meeting Australia’s obligations under international agreements between Australia and one or more countries relevant to the species or ecological community threatened by the key threatening process that is the subject of the plan; and

                     (e)  the role and interests of indigenous people in the conservation of Australia’s biodiversity.

             (4)  A threat abatement plan may:

                     (a)  state the estimated duration and cost of the threat abatement process; and

                     (b)  identify organisations or persons who will be involved in evaluating the performance of the threat abatement plan; and

                     (c)  specify any major ecological matters (other than the species or communities threatened by the key threatening process that is the subject of the plan) that will be affected by the plan’s implementation.

             (5)  Subsection (4) does not limit the matters that a threat abatement plan may include.

272  Eradication of non‑native species

                   If:

                     (a)  the actions specified under paragraph 270(2)(c) in a recovery plan, or under paragraph 271(2)(c) in a threat abatement plan, include the eradication of a non‑native species; and

                     (b)  the species is threatened in a country in which its native habitat occurs;

the recovery plan, or threat abatement plan, must require the Commonwealth to offer to provide stock of the species to that country before the eradication proceeds.

273  Ensuring plans are in force

When a plan comes into force

          (1A)  A recovery plan or a threat abatement plan comes into force on the day on which it is made or adopted, or on a later day specified by the Minister in writing.

Deadline for recovery plan

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), a recovery plan for a listed threatened species or a listed threatened ecological community must be made and in force within 3 years of the decision under section 269AA to have the plan.

             (2)  The Minister may, in writing, extend the period within which a recovery plan must be made. Only one extension can be granted for the making of the plan, and the period of the extension must not be more than 3 years.

Ensuring recovery plan is in force

             (3)  Once the first recovery plan for a listed threatened species or a listed threatened ecological community is in force, the Minister must exercise his or her powers under this Subdivision to ensure that a recovery plan is in force for the species or community until the Minister decides under section 269AA not to have a recovery plan for the species or community.

Note:          The Minister may revoke a recovery plan for a listed threatened species or a listed threatened ecological community if the Minister decides under section 269AA not to have a recovery plan for the species or community. See section 283A.

Deadline for threat abatement plan

             (4)  A threat abatement plan for a key threatening process must be made and in force within 3 years of the decision under section 270A to have the plan.

Ensuring threat abatement plan is in force

             (5)  Once the first threat abatement plan for a key threatening process is in force, the Minister must exercise his or her powers under this Subdivision to ensure that a threat abatement plan is in force for the process until the Minister decides under section 270A not to have a threat abatement plan for the process.

Note:          The Minister may revoke a threat abatement plan for a key threatening process if the Minister decides under section 270A not to have a threat abatement plan for the process. See section 283A.

274  Scientific Committee to advise on plans

             (1)  The Minister must obtain and consider the advice of the Scientific Committee on:

                     (a)  the content of recovery and threat abatement plans; and

                     (b)  the times within which, and the order in which, such plans should be made.

             (2)  In giving advice about a recovery plan, the Scientific Committee must take into account the following matters:

                     (a)  the degree of threat to the survival in nature of the species or ecological community in question;

                     (b)  the potential for the species or community to recover;

                     (c)  the genetic distinctiveness of the species or community;

                     (d)  the importance of the species or community to the ecosystem;

                     (e)  the value to humanity of the species or community;

                      (f)  the efficient and effective use of the resources allocated to the conservation of species and ecological communities.

             (3)  In giving advice about a threat abatement plan, the Scientific Committee must take into account the following matters:

                     (a)  the degree of threat that the key threatening process in question poses to the survival in nature of species and ecological communities;

                     (b)  the potential of species and ecological communities so threatened to recover;

                     (c)  the efficient and effective use of the resources allocated to the conservation of species and ecological communities.

275  Consultation on plans

             (1)  Before making a recovery plan or threat abatement plan under this Subdivision, the Minister must:

                     (a)  take reasonable steps to ensure that copies of the proposed plan are available for purchase, for a reasonable price, at prescribed places in each State and self‑governing territory; and

                     (b)  give a copy of it, together with a notice of a kind referred to in subsection (2), to the Scientific Committee; and

                     (c)  cause the notice to be published:

                              (i)  in the Gazette; and

                             (ii)  in a daily newspaper that circulates generally in each State, and self‑governing Territory, in which the relevant listed threatened native species, listed threatened ecological community or key threatening process occurs; and

                            (iii)  in any other way required by the regulations (if any).

             (2)  The notice must:

                     (a)  specify the places where copies of the proposed plan may be purchased; and

                     (b)  invite persons to make written comments about the proposed plan; and

                     (c)  specify:

                              (i)  an address for lodgment of comments; and

                             (ii)  a day by which comments must be made.

             (3)  The day specified must not be a day occurring within 3 months after the notice is published in the Gazette.

276  Consideration of comments

                   The Minister:

                     (a)  must, in accordance with the regulations (if any), consider all comments on a proposed recovery plan or threat abatement plan made in response to an invitation under section 275; and

                     (b)  may revise the plan to take account of those comments.

277  Adoption of State plans

             (1)  The Minister must not adopt a plan as a recovery plan or a threat abatement plan under this Subdivision unless:

                     (a)  the Minister is satisfied that an appropriate level of consultation has been undertaken in making the plan; and

                     (b)  the plan meets the requirements of section 270 or 271, as the case requires.

             (2)  Before adopting a plan, the Minister must obtain and consider advice from the Scientific Committee on the content of the plan.

278  Publication of plans

             (1)  As soon as practicable after the Minister makes or adopts a recovery plan or a threat abatement plan under this Subdivision, the Minister must:

                     (a)  make copies of the plan available for purchase, for a reasonable price, at a prescribed place in each State and self‑governing Territory; and

                     (b)  give notice of the making or adopting of each such plan; and

                     (c)  publish the notice:

                              (i)  in the Gazette; and

                             (ii)  in a daily newspaper that circulates generally in each State, and self‑governing Territory; and

                            (iii)  in any other way required by the regulations (if any).

             (2)  The notice must:

                     (a)  state that the Minister has made or adopted the plan; and

                     (b)  specify the day on which the plan comes into force; and

                     (c)  specify the places where copies of the plan may be purchased.

279  Variation of plans by the Minister

             (1)  The Minister may, at any time, review a recovery plan or threat abatement plan that has been made or adopted under this Subdivision and consider whether a variation of it is necessary.

             (2)  Each plan must be reviewed by the Minister at intervals of not longer than 5 years.

             (3)  If the Minister considers that a variation of a plan is necessary, the Minister may, subject to subsections (4), (5), (6) and (7), vary the plan.

             (4)  The Minister must not vary a plan, unless the plan, as so varied, continues to meet the requirements of section 270 or 271, as the case requires.

             (5)  Before varying a plan, the Minister must obtain and consider advice from the Scientific Committee on the content of the variation.

             (6)  If the Minister has made a plan jointly with, or adopted a plan that has been made by, a State or self‑governing Territory, or an agency of a State or self‑governing Territory, the Minister must seek the co‑operation of that State or Territory, or that agency, with a view to varying the plan.

             (7)  Sections 275, 276 and 278 apply to the variation of a plan in the same way that those sections apply to the making of a recovery plan or threat abatement plan.

280  Variation by a State or Territory of joint plans and plans adopted by the Minister

             (1)  If a State or self‑governing Territory varies a plan that:

                     (a)  the Minister has made jointly with the State or self‑governing Territory, or an agency of the State or Territory; or

                     (b)  has been adopted by the Minister as a recovery plan or a threat abatement plan;

the variation is of no effect for the purposes of this Act unless it is approved by the Minister.

             (2)  Before approving a variation, the Minister must obtain and consider advice from the Scientific Committee on the content of the variation.

             (3)  The Minister must not approve a variation unless satisfied that:

                     (a)  an appropriate level of consultation was undertaken in varying the plan; and

                     (b)  the plan, as so varied, continues to meet the requirements of section 270 or 271, as the case requires.

             (4)  If the Minister approves a variation of a plan, the plan has effect as so varied on and after the date of the approval, or such later date as the Minister determines in writing.

             (5)  Section 278 applies to the variation of a plan in the same way that it applies to the making of a recovery plan or threat abatement plan.

281  Commonwealth assistance

             (1)  The Commonwealth may give to a State or self‑governing Territory, or to an agency of a State or a self‑governing Territory, financial assistance, and any other assistance, to make or implement a recovery plan or a threat abatement plan.

             (2)  The Commonwealth may give to a person (other than a State or a self‑governing Territory, or an agency of a State or Territory) financial assistance, and any other assistance, to implement a recovery plan or a threat abatement plan.

             (3)  The giving of assistance may be made subject to such conditions as the Minister thinks fit. The Minister is to have regard to the advice of the Scientific Committee under section 282 before determining those conditions.

282  Scientific Committee to advise on assistance

             (1)  The Scientific Committee is to advise the Minister on the conditions (if any) to which the giving of assistance under section 281 should be subject.

             (2)  In giving advice about assistance for making or implementing a recovery plan, the Scientific Committee must take into account the following matters:

                     (a)  the degree of threat to the survival in nature of the species or ecological community in question;

                     (b)  the potential for the species or community to recover;

                     (c)  the genetic distinctiveness of the species or community;

                     (d)  the importance of the species or community to the ecosystem;

                     (e)  the value to humanity of the species or community;

                      (f)  the efficient and effective use of the resources allocated to the conservation of species and ecological communities.

             (3)  In giving advice about assistance for making or implementing a threat abatement plan, the Scientific Committee must take into account the following matters:

                     (a)  the degree of threat that the key threatening process in question poses to the survival in nature of species and ecological communities;

                     (b)  the potential of species and ecological communities so threatened to recover;

                     (c)  the efficient and effective use of the resources allocated to the conservation of species and ecological communities.

283  Plans may cover more than one species etc.

             (1)  A recovery plan made or adopted under this Subdivision may deal with one or more listed threatened species and/or one or more listed ecological communities.

             (2)  A threat abatement plan made or adopted under this Subdivision may deal with one or more key threatening processes.

283A  Revoking a plan

             (1)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument:

                     (a)  revoke a recovery plan for a listed threatened species or a listed threatened ecological community if the Minister decides under section 269AA not to have a recovery plan for the species or community; or

                     (b)  revoke a threat abatement plan for a key threatening process if the Minister decides under section 270A not to have a threat abatement plan for the process.

             (2)  The Minister must publish in accordance with the regulations (if any):

                     (a)  the instrument revoking the plan; and

                     (b)  the Minister’s reasons for revoking the plan.

284  Reports on preparation and implementation of plans

                   The Secretary must include in each annual report a report on the making and adoption under this Subdivision of each recovery plan and threat abatement plan during the year to which the report relates.

Subdivision BWildlife conservation plans

285  Wildlife conservation plans

             (1)  Subject to this section, the Minister may make, by instrument in writing, and implement a wildlife conservation plan for the purposes of the protection, conservation and management of the following:

                     (a)  a listed migratory species that occurs in Australia or an external Territory;

                     (b)  a listed marine species that occurs in Australia or an external Territory;

                     (c)  a species of cetacean that occurs in the Australian Whale Sanctuary;

                     (d)  a conservation dependent species.

             (2)  The Minister must not make a wildlife conservation plan for a species that is a listed threatened species (except a conservation dependent species).

             (3)  Subject to section 292, the Minister may, by instrument in writing, adopt a plan that has been made by a State or a self‑governing Territory, or by an agency of a State or self‑governing Territory, as a wildlife conservation plan. The Minister may adopt a plan with such modifications as are specified in the instrument.

             (4)  A plan, as modified and adopted under subsection (2), has effect as if the plan had been made by the Minister under subsection (1).

             (5)  The Minister must seek the co‑operation of the States and self‑governing Territories in which:

                     (a)  a listed migratory species occurs; or

                     (b)  a listed marine species occurs; or

                     (c)  a species of cetacean occurs; or

                     (d)  a conservation dependent species occurs;

with a view to making and implementing jointly with those States and Territories, or agencies of those States or Territories, a joint wildlife conservation plan unless the species occurs only in a Commonwealth area.

             (6)  Before making a wildlife conservation plan under subsection (1) or (5), the Minister must:

                     (a)  consider the advice of the Scientific Committee given under section 289; and

                     (b)  consult about the plan in accordance with sections 290 and 291.

             (7)  A wildlife conservation plan comes into force on the day on which it is made or adopted, or on such later day as the Minister specifies in writing.

286  Acting in accordance with wildlife conservation plans

                   A Commonwealth agency must take all reasonable steps to act in accordance with a wildlife conservation plan.

287  Content of wildlife conservation plans

             (1)  A wildlife conservation plan must provide for the research and management actions necessary to support survival of the migratory species, marine species, species of cetacean or conservation dependent species concerned.

             (2)  In particular, a wildlife conservation plan must:

                     (a)  state the objectives to be achieved; and

                     (b)  state criteria against which achievement of the objectives is to be measured; and

                     (c)  specify the actions needed to achieve the objectives; and

                     (d)  identify the habitats of the species concerned and the actions needed to protect those habitats; and

                     (e)  identify:

                              (i)  interests that will be affected by the plan’s implementation; and

                             (ii)  organisations or persons who will be involved in evaluating the performance of the plan; and

                      (f)  specify any major benefits to migratory species, marine species, species of cetacean or conservation dependent species (other than those to which the plan relates) that will be affected by the plan’s implementation; and

                     (g)  meet prescribed criteria (if any) and contain provisions of a prescribed kind (if any).

             (3)  In making a wildlife conservation plan, regard must be had to:

                     (a)  the objects of this Act; and

                     (b)  the most efficient and effective use of the resources that are allocated for the conservation of migratory species, marine species, species of cetacean and conservation dependent species; and

                     (c)  minimising any significant adverse social and economic impacts, consistently with the principles of ecologically sustainable development; and

                     (d)  meeting Australia’s obligations under international agreements between Australia and one or more countries relevant to the migratory species, marine species, species of cetacean or conservation dependent species to which the plan relates; and

                     (e)  the role and interests of indigenous people in the conservation of Australia’s biodiversity.

288  Eradication of non‑native species

                   If:

                     (a)  the actions specified under section 287 in a wildlife conservation plan include the eradication of a non‑native species; and

                     (b)  the species is threatened in a country in which its native habitat occurs;

the wildlife conservation plan must require the Commonwealth to offer to provide stock of the species to that country before the eradication proceeds.

289  Scientific Committee to advise on scheduling of plans

             (1)  The Minister may seek advice from the Scientific Committee on the need for wildlife conservation plans and the order in which they should be made.

          (1A)  The Scientific Committee may advise the Minister on its own initiative to make a wildlife conservation plan for a specified species described in subsection 285(1).

             (2)  In giving advice under subsection (1) or (1A), the Scientific Committee must take into account the resources available for making plans.

             (3)  Before making a plan, the Minister must obtain and consider advice from the Scientific Committee on the content of the plan.

290  Consultation on plans

             (1)  Before making a wildlife conservation plan under subsection 285(1) or (5), the Minister must:

                     (a)  take reasonable steps to ensure that copies of the proposed plan are available for purchase, for a reasonable price, at prescribed places in each State and self‑governing Territory; and

                     (b)  give a copy of it, together with a notice of a kind referred to in subsection (2), to the Scientific Committee; and

                     (c)  cause the notice to be published:

                              (i)  in the Gazette; and

                             (ii)  in a daily newspaper that circulates generally in each State, and self‑governing Territory; and

                            (iii)  in any other way required by the regulations (if any).

             (2)  The notice must:

                     (a)  specify the places where copies of the proposed plan may be purchased; and

                     (b)  invite persons to make written comments about the proposed plan; and

                     (c)  specify:

                              (i)  an address for lodgment of comments; and

                             (ii)  a day by which comments must be made.

             (3)  The day specified must not be a day occurring within 3 months after the notice is published in the Gazette.

291  Consideration of comments

                   The Minister:

                     (a)  must, in accordance with the regulations (if any), consider all comments on a proposed wildlife conservation plan made in response to an invitation under section 290; and

                     (b)  may revise the plan to take account of those comments.

292  Adoption of State plans

             (1)  The Minister must not adopt a plan as a wildlife conservation plan under subsection 285(3) unless:

                     (a)  the Minister is satisfied that an appropriate level of consultation has been undertaken in making the plan; and

                     (b)  the plan meets the requirements of section 287.

             (2)  Before adopting a plan, the Minister must obtain and consider advice from the Scientific Committee on the content of the plan.

293  Publication, review and variation of plans

             (1)  As soon as practicable after the Minister makes or adopts a wildlife conservation plan under section 285, the Minister must:

                     (a)  make copies of the plan available for purchase, for a reasonable price, at a prescribed place in each State and self‑governing Territory; and

                     (b)  give notice of the making or adoption of each such plan; and

                     (c)  publish the notice:

                              (i)  in the Gazette; and

                             (ii)  in a daily newspaper that circulates generally in each State, and self‑governing Territory; and

                            (iii)  in any other way required by the regulations (if any).

             (2)  The notice must:

                     (a)  state that the Minister has made or adopted the plan; and

                     (b)  specify the day on which the plan comes into force; and

                     (c)  specify the places where copies of the plan may be purchased.

294  Variation of plans by the Minister

             (1)  The Minister may, at any time, review a wildlife conservation plan that has been made or adopted under section 285 and consider whether a variation of it is necessary.

             (2)  Each plan must be reviewed by the Minister at intervals of not longer than 5 years.

             (3)  If the Minister considers that a variation of a plan is necessary, the Minister may, subject to subsections (4), (5), (6) and (7) vary the plan.

             (4)  The Minister must not vary a plan, unless the plan, as so varied, continues to meet the requirements of section 287.

             (5)  Before varying a plan, the Minister must obtain and consider advice from the Scientific Committee on the content of the variation.

             (6)  If the Minister has made a plan jointly with, or adopted a plan that has been made by, a State or self‑governing Territory, or an agency of a State or self‑governing Territory, the Minister must seek the co‑operation of that State or Territory, or that agency, with a view to varying the plan.

             (7)  Sections 290, 291 and 293 apply to the variation of a plan in the same way that those sections apply to the making of a wildlife conservation plan.

295  Variation by a State or Territory of joint plans and plans adopted by the Minister

             (1)  If a State or self‑governing Territory varies a plan that:

                     (a)  the Minister has made jointly with the State or self‑governing Territory, or an agency of the State or Territory; or

                     (b)  has been adopted by the Minister as a wildlife conservation plan;

the variation is of no effect for the purposes of this Act unless it is approved by the Minister.

             (2)  Before approving a variation, the Minister must obtain and consider advice from the Scientific Committee on the content of the variation.

             (3)  The Minister must not approve a variation under subsection (1) unless satisfied:

                     (a)  an appropriate level of consultation was undertaken in varying the plan; and

                     (b)  the plan, as so varied, continues to meet the requirements of section 287.

             (4)  If the Minister approves a variation of a plan, the plan has effect as so varied on and after the date of the approval, or such later date as the Minister determines in writing.

             (5)  Section 293 applies to the variation of a plan in the same way that it applies to the making of a wildlife conservation plan.

296  Commonwealth assistance

             (1)  The Commonwealth may give to a State or self‑governing Territory, or to an agency of a State or a self‑governing Territory, financial assistance, and any other assistance, to make a wildlife conservation plan.

             (2)  The Commonwealth may give to a person (other than a State or a self‑governing Territory, or an agency of a State or Territory) financial assistance, and any other assistance, to implement a wildlife conservation plan.

             (3)  The giving of assistance may be made subject to such conditions as the Minister thinks fit.

297  Plans may cover more than one species etc.

                   A wildlife conservation plan made or adopted under this Subdivision may deal with all or any of the following:

                     (a)  one or more listed migratory species;

                     (b)  one or more listed marine species;

                     (c)  one or more species of cetacean;

                     (d)  one or more conservation dependent species.

298  Reports on preparation and implementation of plans

                   The Secretary must include in each annual report a report on the making and adoption under section 285 of each wildlife conservation plan during the year to which the report relates.

Subdivision CMiscellaneous

299  Wildlife conservation plans cease to have effect

                   If:

                     (a)  a wildlife conservation plan is in force for all or any of the following:

                              (i)  a listed migratory species;

                             (ii)  a listed marine species;

                            (iii)  a species of cetacean; and

                     (b)  the species becomes a listed threatened species (except a conservation dependent species);

the wildlife conservation plan ceases to have effect in relation to the species on and from the day on which the species becomes a listed threatened species as mentioned in paragraph (b).

300  Document may contain more than one plan

             (1)  All or any of the plans made under this Division may be included in the same document.

             (2)  All or any of the plans adopted under this Division may be included in the same instrument of adoption.

300A  State and Territory laws not affected

                   Sections 269A, 270A, 270B, 273 and 285 do not exclude or limit the concurrent operation of a law of a State or self‑governing Territory.

300B  Assistance from the Scientific Committee

             (1)  The Minister may, at any time, ask the Scientific Committee to provide the Minister with a statement, information or advice for the purpose of assisting the Minister in the performance or exercise of the Minister’s functions or powers under section 266B, 269AA or 270A.

             (2)  The Scientific Committee may, at any time, provide the Minister with a statement, information or advice for the purpose of assisting the Minister in the performance or exercise of the Minister’s functions or powers under section 266B, 269AA or 270A (whether or not the Committee is acting in response to a request under subsection (1) of this section).

Division 6Access to biological resources

301  Control of access to biological resources

             (1)  The regulations may provide for the control of access to biological resources in Commonwealth areas.

             (2)  Without limiting subsection (1), the regulations may contain provisions about all or any of the following:

                     (a)  the equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the use of biological resources in Commonwealth areas;

                     (b)  the facilitation of access to such resources;

                     (c)  the right to deny access to such resources;

                     (d)  the granting of access to such resources and the terms and conditions of such access.

Division 6AControl of non‑native species

301A  Regulations for control of non‑native species

                   The regulations may:

                     (a)  provide for the establishment and maintenance of a list of species, other than native species, whose members:

                              (i)  do or may threaten biodiversity in the Australian jurisdiction; or

                             (ii)  would be likely to threaten biodiversity in the Australian jurisdiction if they were brought into the Australian jurisdiction; and

                     (b)  regulate or prohibit the bringing into the Australian jurisdiction of members of a species included in the list mentioned in paragraph (a); and

                     (c)  regulate or prohibit trade in members of a species included in the list mentioned in paragraph (a):

                              (i)  between Australia and another country; or

                             (ii)  between 2 States; or

                            (iii)  between 2 Territories; or

                            (iv)  between a State and a Territory; or

                             (v)  by a constitutional corporation; and

                     (d)  regulate and prohibit actions:

                              (i)  involving or affecting members of a species included in the list mentioned in paragraph (a); and

                             (ii)  whose regulation or prohibition is appropriate and adapted to give effect to Australia’s obligations under an agreement with one or more other countries; and

                     (e)  provide for the making and implementation of plans to reduce, eliminate or prevent the impacts of members of species included in the list mentioned in paragraph (a) on biodiversity in the Australian jurisdiction.

Division 7Aid for conservation of species in foreign countries

302  Aid for conservation of species in foreign countries

                   On behalf of the Commonwealth, the Minister may give financial assistance to the governments of foreign countries and organisations in foreign countries to help the recovery and conservation, in those countries, of species covered by international agreements to which Australia is a party.

Division 8Miscellaneous

  

303  Regulations

             (1)  The regulations may make provision for the conservation of biodiversity in Commonwealth areas.

             (2)  In particular, the regulations may prohibit or regulate actions affecting a member of a native species in a Commonwealth area. This does not limit subsection (1).

303A  Exemptions from this Part

             (1)  A person proposing to take an action that would contravene a provision of this Part apart from this section may apply in writing to the Minister for an exemption from the provision.

             (2)  The Minister must decide within 20 business days of receiving the application whether or not to grant the exemption.

             (3)  The Minister may, by written notice, exempt a specified person from the application of a specified provision of this Part in relation to a specified action.

             (4)  The Minister may do so only if he or she is satisfied that it is in the national interest that the provision not apply in relation to the person or the action.

             (5)  In determining the national interest, the Minister may consider Australia’s defence or security or a national emergency. This does not limit the matters the Minister may consider.

             (6)  A provision specified in the notice does not apply in relation to the specified person or action on or after the day specified in the notice. The Minister must not specify a day earlier than the day the notice is made.

             (7)  Within 10 business days after making the notice, the Minister must:

                     (a)  publish a copy of the notice and his or her reasons for granting the exemption in accordance with the regulations; and

                     (b)  give a copy of the notice to the person specified in the notice.

303AA  Conditions relating to accreditation of plans, regimes and policies

             (1)  This section applies to an accreditation of a plan, regime or policy under section 208A, 222A, 245 or 265.

             (2)  The Minister may accredit a plan, regime or policy under that section even though he or she considers that the plan, regime or policy should be accredited only:

                     (a)  during a particular period; or

                     (b)  while certain circumstances exist; or

                     (c)  while a certain condition is complied with.

In such a case, the instrument of accreditation is to specify the period, circumstances or condition.

             (3)  If an accreditation specifies a particular period as mentioned in subsection (2), the accreditation ceases to be in force at the end of that period.

             (4)  If an accreditation specifies circumstances as mentioned in subsection (2), the Minister must, in writing, revoke the accreditation if he or she is satisfied that those circumstances have ceased to exist.

             (5)  The Minister may, in writing, vary an accreditation by:

                     (a)  specifying one or more conditions (or further conditions) to which the accreditation is subject; or

                     (b)  revoking or varying a condition:

                              (i)  specified in the instrument of accreditation; or

                             (ii)  specified under paragraph (a).

             (6)  A condition may relate to reporting or monitoring.

             (7)  The Minister must, in writing, revoke an accreditation if he or she is satisfied that a condition of the accreditation has been contravened.

303AB  Amended policies, regimes or plans taken to be accredited

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a plan, regime or policy is accredited under section 208A, 222A, 245 or 265; and

                     (b)  the plan, regime or policy is amended, or is proposed to be amended; and

                     (c)  the Minister is satisfied that the amendments are, or will be, minor; and

                     (d)  the Minister is satisfied that the plan, regime or policy as amended meets, or will meet, the requirements of subsection 208A(1), 222A(1), 245(1) or 265(1) (as the case may be);

the Minister may, by instrument in writing, determine that this subsection applies to the amendments.

             (2)  If the Minister makes a determination under subsection (1), the plan, regime or policy as amended is, for the purposes of this Act, taken to be accredited under subsection 208A(1), 222A(2), 245(1) or 265(1) (as the case may be).

             (3)  A determination under subsection (1) of this section is not a legislative instrument.

Part 13AInternational movement of wildlife specimens

Division 1Introduction

303BA  Objects of Part

             (1)  The objects of this Part are as follows:

                     (a)  to ensure that Australia complies with its obligations under CITES and the Biodiversity Convention;

                     (b)  to protect wildlife that may be adversely affected by trade;

                     (c)  to promote the conservation of biodiversity in Australia and other countries;

                     (d)  to ensure that any commercial utilisation of Australian native wildlife for the purposes of export is managed in an ecologically sustainable way;

                     (e)  to promote the humane treatment of wildlife;

                      (f)  to ensure ethical conduct during any research associated with the utilisation of wildlife;

                     (h)  to ensure that the precautionary principle is taken into account in making decisions relating to the utilisation of wildlife.

Note:          CITES means the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species—see section 528.

             (2)  In order to achieve its objects, this Part includes special provisions to conserve the biodiversity of Australian native wildlife.

303BAA  Certain indigenous rights not affected

                   To avoid doubt, nothing in this Part prevents an indigenous person from continuing in accordance with law the traditional use of an area for:

                     (a)  hunting (except for the purposes of sale); or

                     (b)  food gathering (except for the purposes of sale); or

                     (c)  ceremonial or religious purposes.

303BB  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      This Part sets up a system for regulating the international movement of wildlife specimens.

•      A CITES specimen is a specimen of a species included in Appendix I, II or III to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).

•      It is an offence to export or import a CITES specimen unless:

               (a)     the exporter or importer holds a permit; or

              (b)     an exemption applies.

•      A regulated native specimen is a specimen of a native species subject to export control under this Part.

•      It is an offence to export a regulated native specimen unless:

               (a)     the exporter holds a permit; or

              (b)     an exemption applies.

•      A regulated live specimen is a live specimen of a species subject to import control under this Part.

•      It is an offence to import a regulated live specimen unless the importer holds a permit.

•      It is an offence to possess a specimen that was imported in contravention of this Part.

303BC  Definitions

                   In this Part, unless the contrary intention appears:

eligible listed threatened species means a listed threatened species other than a species in the conservation dependent category.

engage in conduct means:

                     (a)  do an act; or

                     (b)  omit to perform an act.

export means:

                     (a)  export from Australia or from an external Territory; or

                     (b)  export from the sea;

but does not include:

                     (c)  export from Australia to an external Territory; or

                     (d)  export from an external Territory to Australia; or

                     (e)  export from an external Territory to another external Territory.

export from the sea, in relation to a specimen, means take in a Commonwealth marine area and then take out of that area to another country without bringing into Australia or into an external Territory.

import means:

                     (a)  import into Australia or into an external Territory; or

                     (b)  import by way of introduction from the sea;

but does not include:

                     (c)  import into Australia from an external Territory; or

                     (d)  import into an external Territory from Australia; or

                     (e)  import into an external Territory from another external Territory.

import by way of introduction from the sea, in relation to a specimen, means take in the marine environment not under the jurisdiction of any country and then bring into Australia or into an external Territory without having been imported into any other country.

marine environment means the sea, and includes:

                     (a)  the air space above the sea; and

                     (b)  the seabed and subsoil beneath the sea.

recipient means:

                     (a)  in relation to a specimen that is exported—the person in the country to which the specimen is exported who is to have the care and custody of the specimen after the export; and

                     (b)  in relation to a specimen that is imported into Australia or into an external Territory—the person in Australia or that Territory, as the case may be, who is to have the care and custody of the specimen after the import.

relevant CITES authority, in relation to a country, means:

                     (a)  if the country is a party to CITES—a Management Authority of that country; or

                     (b)  if the country is not a party to CITES—a competent authority of that country within the meaning of Article X of CITES.

sender, in relation to a specimen that is imported into Australia or an external Territory, means the person in the country from which the specimen is imported who exports it from that country to Australia or to that Territory, as the case may be.

take includes:

                     (a)  in relation to an animal—harvest, catch, capture, trap and kill; and

                     (b)  in relation to a plant specimen—harvest, pick, gather and cut.

trade means trade within the ordinary meaning of that expression.

Note:          See also section 528.

Division 2CITES species

Subdivision ACITES species and CITES specimens

303CA  Listing of CITES species

             (1)  The Minister must, by legislative instrument, establish a list of CITES species for the purposes of this Act.

             (2)  The Minister must ensure that the list is established on the commencement of this section.

Note:          See section 4 of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (3)  The list must include all species from time to time included in any of Appendices I, II and III to CITES. The list must not include any other species.

             (4)  For each species included in the list, there is to be a notation:

                     (a)  describing the specimens belonging to that species that are included in a particular Appendix to CITES; and