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Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979

Authoritative Version
  • - C2016C00102
  • In force - Superseded Version
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Act No. 114 of 1979 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Crimes Legislation Amendment (Powers, Offences and Other Measures) Act 2015
An Act to prohibit the interception of, and other access to, telecommunications except where authorised in special circumstances or for the purpose of tracing the location of callers in emergencies, and for related purposes.
Administered by: Attorney-General's
Registered 02 Feb 2016
Start Date 10 Dec 2015
End Date 04 Mar 2016

Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979

No. 114, 1979

Compilation No. 89

Compilation date:                              10 December 2015

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 153, 2015

Registered:                                         2 February 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This compilation includes commenced amendments made by Act No. 145, 2015

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 10 December 2015 (the compilation date).

This compilation was prepared on 21 January 2016.

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on ComLaw (www.comlaw.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on ComLaw for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on ComLaw for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Chapter 1—Introduction                                                                                       1

Part 1‑1—Preliminary                                                                                                         1

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 1

4............ Act binds the Crown........................................................................... 1

4A......... Application of the Criminal Code....................................................... 1

Part 1‑2—Interpretation                                                                                                    2

5............ Interpretation....................................................................................... 2

5AA...... Eligible Commonwealth authority declarations................................. 41

5AB...... Authorised officers........................................................................... 41

5AC...... Authorisation of certifying officers................................................... 42

5AD...... Authorisation of certifying person.................................................... 44

5AE....... Authorisation of members of the staff of a Commonwealth Royal Commission      44

5A......... Communicating etc. certain information............................................ 44

5B......... Exempt proceedings.......................................................................... 45

5C......... Information or question relevant to inspection by Ombudsman........ 48

5D......... Serious offences................................................................................ 49

5E.......... Serious contraventions...................................................................... 55

5EA....... Serious foreign contraventions.......................................................... 56

5F.......... When a communication is passing over a telecommunications system 57

5G......... The intended recipient of a communication....................................... 57

5H......... When a communication is accessible to the intended recipient.......... 57

6............ Interception of a communication....................................................... 58

6AAA... When a computer network is appropriately used by an employee etc. of a Commonwealth agency etc.   60

6AA...... Accessing a stored communication................................................... 61

6A......... Investigation of an offence................................................................ 61

6B......... Involvement in an offence................................................................. 62

6C......... Issue of warrant to agency or eligible authority................................. 62

6D......... Judges............................................................................................... 62

6DA...... Nominated AAT members................................................................ 63

6DB...... Issuing authorities............................................................................. 63

6DC...... Part 4‑1 issuing authorities................................................................ 64

6E.......... Lawfully intercepted information...................................................... 65

6EA....... Interception warrant information....................................................... 66

6EAA.... Preservation notice information......................................................... 66

6EB....... Stored communications warrant information..................................... 67

6F.......... Offences............................................................................................ 67

6G......... Officer of the Commonwealth, of a State or of a Territory................ 68

6H......... Person to whom application relates................................................... 69

6J.......... Proceeding by way of a prosecution for an offence.......................... 69

6K......... Proceeding for confiscation or forfeiture or for pecuniary penalty.... 69

6L.......... Relevant proceeding.......................................................................... 70

6M........ Terminating the appointment of an officer......................................... 72

6N......... Declaration of staff members of State Police Forces......................... 73

6P.......... Identification of service..................................................................... 73

6Q......... Identification of telecommunications device...................................... 73

6R......... Communications Access Co‑ordinator.............................................. 73

6S.......... Permitted purposes—integrity purposes........................................... 74

Chapter 2—Interception of telecommunications                        76

Part 2‑1—Prohibition on interception of telecommunications                 76

7............ Telecommunications not to be intercepted......................................... 76

Part 2‑2—Warrants authorising the Organisation to intercept telecommunications        81

9............ Issue of telecommunications service warrants by Attorney‑General. 81

9A......... Issue of named person warrants by Attorney‑General...................... 82

9B......... Provisions applying to warrants issued under section 9 or 9A......... 85

10.......... Issue of warrant by Director‑General of Security in emergency for Organisation to intercept telecommunications 86

11A....... Telecommunications service warrant for collection of foreign intelligence               87

11B....... Named person warrant for collection of foreign intelligence............. 88

11C....... Foreign communications warrant for collection of foreign intelligence 91

11D....... Provisions applying to foreign intelligence warrants......................... 92

12.......... Persons authorised to intercept communications for Organisation.... 94

13.......... Discontinuance of interception before expiration of warrant............. 94

14.......... Certain records retained by Organisation to be destroyed................. 94

15.......... How warrants etc. to be dealt with.................................................... 95

16.......... Additional requirements for named person warrants......................... 97

17.......... Reports to be made to Attorney‑General on results of interception... 99

18.......... Evidentiary certificates...................................................................... 99

Part 2‑3—Emergency requests authorising officers of a carrier to intercept telecommunications          101

30.......... Emergency requests........................................................................ 101

Part 2‑4—Authorisation of interception for developing and testing interception capabilities    103

31.......... Applications for authorisation......................................................... 103

31A....... Attorney‑General may authorise interception for developing and testing interception capabilities            104

31B....... Authorisation of employees of a security authority......................... 104

31C....... Destruction of records..................................................................... 105

31D....... Reports to the Attorney‑General..................................................... 105

Part 2‑5—Warrants authorising agencies to intercept telecommunications           106

Division 2—Declaration of State Law Enforcement Authorities as Agencies    106

34.......... Declaration of an eligible authority of a State as an agency............. 106

35.......... Preconditions for declaration........................................................... 106

36.......... State laws requiring copies of documents to be given to responsible Minister         108

37.......... Revocation of declaration................................................................ 109

38.......... Effect of revocation......................................................................... 110

Division 3—Applications for warrants                                                           111

39.......... Agency may apply for warrant........................................................ 111

40.......... Form of application......................................................................... 112

41.......... Contents of application.................................................................... 112

42.......... Affidavit to accompany written application..................................... 113

43.......... Information to be given on telephone application............................ 114

44.......... Giving further information to Judge................................................ 114

44A....... Application by interception agency of Victoria............................... 115

45.......... Application by interception agency of Queensland......................... 116

45A....... State law not affected...................................................................... 117

Division 4—Warrants                                                                                              118

46.......... Issue of telecommunications service warrant.................................. 118

46A....... Issue of named person warrant....................................................... 120

47.......... Limit on authority conferred by warrant.......................................... 122

48.......... Issue of warrant for entry on premises............................................ 122

49.......... Form and content of warrant........................................................... 124

50.......... Issue of warrant on telephone application....................................... 125

51.......... Action by agency after warrant issued on telephone application..... 126

52.......... Judge or nominated AAT member may revoke warrant where section 51 contravened           126

54.......... Entry into force of warrants............................................................ 127

55.......... Exercise of authority conferred by warrant..................................... 127

57.......... Revocation of warrant by chief officer............................................ 128

58.......... Discontinuance of interceptions under certain warrants.................. 129

59.......... When revocation of certain warrants takes effect............................ 129

59A....... Notification to Secretary of the Department.................................... 130

60.......... Notification to authorised representative of carrier of issue or revocation of certain warrants  130

61.......... Evidentiary certificates.................................................................... 132

61A....... Certified copy of warrant................................................................ 134

Part 2‑6—Dealing with intercepted information etc.                                   135

62.......... Application of Part.......................................................................... 135

63.......... No dealing in intercepted information or interception warrant information               135

63AA.... Dealing in interception warrant information for the purposes of Part 2‑2, 2‑5, 2‑7 or 2‑8       136

63A....... Dealing in connection with existing proceeding.............................. 136

63B....... Dealing in information by employees of carriers............................. 137

63C....... Dealing in information for network protection purposes etc........... 138

63D....... Dealing in information for disciplinary purposes............................ 138

63E........ Responsible person for a computer network may communicate information to an agency       139

64.......... Dealing in connection with Organisation’s or Inspector‑General’s functions          140

65.......... Communicating information obtained by Organisation................... 141

65A....... Employee of carrier may communicate information to agency........ 142

66.......... Interceptor may communicate to officer who applied for warrant or authorised person           142

67.......... Dealing for permitted purpose in relation to agency........................ 143

68.......... Chief officer may communicate information obtained by agency.... 144

68A....... Communicating information obtained by Secretary......................... 148

69.......... State authority may ask not to receive information under section 68 148

70.......... Communicating information obtained by interception under Part 2‑3 149

71.......... Dealing with information where interception suspected to be unlawful 149

72.......... Making record for purpose of permitted communication................ 150

73.......... Further dealing by recipient of certain information.......................... 150

74.......... Giving information in evidence in exempt proceeding.................... 151

75.......... Giving information in evidence where defect in connection with warrant                151

75A....... Evidence that has been given in exempt proceeding........................ 152

76.......... Giving information in evidence in criminal proceedings under this Act 152

76A....... Giving information in evidence in civil proceedings for remedial relief 153

77.......... Intercepted material and interception warrant information inadmissible except as provided     153

78.......... Where evidence otherwise inadmissible.......................................... 154

79.......... Destruction of restricted records..................................................... 155

79A....... Responsible person for a computer network must ensure restricted records are destroyed      155

Part 2‑7—Keeping and inspection of interception records                      157

80.......... Commonwealth agencies to keep documents connected with issue of warrants       157

81.......... Other records to be kept by Commonwealth agencies in connection with interceptions           157

81AA.... Organisation to record particulars in relation to eligible authorities of a State           159

81A....... General Register of Warrants.......................................................... 159

81B....... Regular submission of General Register to Minister....................... 160

81C....... Special Register of Warrants........................................................... 161

81D....... Regular submission of Special Register to Minister........................ 163

81E........ Provision of information by eligible authorities.............................. 164

83.......... Inspections...................................................................................... 164

84.......... Reports............................................................................................ 165

85.......... Ombudsman may report on other breaches of this Act................... 165

86.......... Ombudsman’s general powers........................................................ 166

87.......... Power to obtain relevant information.............................................. 166

88.......... Ombudsman to be given information and access notwithstanding other laws          168

89.......... Dealing with information for the purposes of inspection and report 169

90.......... Ombudsman not to be sued............................................................. 169

91.......... Delegation by Ombudsman............................................................. 169

92.......... Application of Ombudsman Act..................................................... 170

92A....... Exchange of information between Ombudsman and State inspecting authorities     170

Part 2‑8—Reports about interceptions under Parts 2‑3 and 2‑5          172

Division 1—Reports to the Minister                                                                 172

93.......... Annual reports to Minister about interceptions under Part 2‑3........ 172

94.......... Annual reports regarding applications and warrants under Part 2‑5 172

94A....... Reports regarding emergency interception action............................ 173

94B....... Reports regarding named person warrants...................................... 174

95.......... Minister may seek further information from Commonwealth agency 175

96.......... Annual reports by State authorities................................................. 175

97.......... Reports by Managing Directors about acts done in connection with certain warrants under Part 2‑5      176

Division 2—Reports by the Minister                                                                177

99.......... Annual report by Minister about warrants under Part 2‑5............... 177

100........ Report to set out how many applications made and warrants issued 177

101........ Report to contain particulars about duration of warrants................. 180

102........ Report to contain information about effectiveness of warrants........ 182

102A..... Report regarding interceptions without warrant.............................. 185

102B..... Report regarding mutual assistance requests................................... 185

103........ Other information to be included in report...................................... 185

103A..... Annual report for 1999‑2000.......................................................... 187

Division 3—Provisions about annual reports                                              188

104........ Annual reports................................................................................ 188

Part 2‑9—Offences                                                                                                            189

105........ Contravention of section 7 or 63..................................................... 189

106........ Obstruction..................................................................................... 189

107........ Offences relating to inspections under Part 2‑7............................... 190

Part 2‑10—Civil remedies                                                                                             191

107A..... Civil remedies—unlawful interception or communication............... 191

107B..... Limitation periods etc...................................................................... 194

107C..... No limitation on other liability......................................................... 194

107D..... Concurrent operation of State and Territory laws............................ 195

107E...... State or Territory courts—jurisdictional limits................................ 195

107F...... Extended meaning of conviction—orders under section 19B of the Crimes Act 1914              195

Chapter 3—Preserving and accessing stored communications          196

Part 3‑1A—Preserving stored communications                                              196

Division 1—Outline of this Part                                                                          196

107G..... Outline of this Part.......................................................................... 196

Division 2—Domestic preservation notices                                                  198

107H..... Domestic preservation notices......................................................... 198

107J...... Conditions for giving domestic preservation notices....................... 198

107K..... When a domestic preservation notice is in force.............................. 200

107L...... Revoking a domestic preservation notice........................................ 200

107M.... Persons who act on the issuing agency’s behalf............................. 201

Division 3—Foreign preservation notices                                                     203

107N..... When a foreign preservation notice can be given............................ 203

107P...... Condition for giving a foreign preservation notice.......................... 203

107Q..... When a foreign preservation notice is in force................................ 204

107R..... Revoking a foreign preservation notice........................................... 205

107S...... Persons who act on the AFP’s behalf............................................. 206

Division 4—Provisions relating to preservation notices                        207

107T...... Evidentiary certificates relating to actions by carriers...................... 207

107U..... Evidentiary certificates relating to actions by issuing agencies........ 207

107V..... Certified copies of preservation notices........................................... 208

107W.... How notices are to be given to carriers........................................... 208

Part 3‑1—Prohibition on access to stored communications                     209

108........ Stored communications not to be accessed...................................... 209

Part 3‑2—Access by the Organisation to stored communications        212

109........ Access to stored communications under Part 2‑2 warrants............. 212

Part 3‑3—Access by criminal law‑enforcement agencies to stored communications        213

Division 1—Applications for warrants                                                           213

110........ Criminal law‑enforcement agencies may apply for stored communications warrants               213

110A..... Meaning of criminal law‑enforcement agency................................ 213

110B..... Declarations in relation to the Immigration and Border Protection Department        217

111........ Form of applications....................................................................... 218

112........ Contents of written applications...................................................... 218

113........ Affidavits to accompany written applications.................................. 218

114........ Information to be given on telephone applications.......................... 219

115........ Giving further information to Judge................................................ 219

Division 2—Issuing of warrants                                                                         220

116........ Issuing of stored communications warrants.................................... 220

117........ What stored communications warrants authorise............................ 222

118........ Form and content of stored communications warrants.................... 222

119........ Duration of stored communications warrants.................................. 223

Division 3—How warrants etc. are dealt with                                            224

120........ Stored communications warrants issued on telephone applications. 224

121........ What happens when stored communications warrants are issued... 225

122........ Revocation of stored communications warrants by chief officers... 225

123........ What happens when stored communications warrants are revoked. 226

124........ Access to additional telecommunications services under stored communications warrants      226

Division 4—Provisions relating to execution of warrants                    228

125........ Entry into force of stored communications warrants....................... 228

126........ Limit on authority conferred by warrant.......................................... 228

127........ Exercise of authority conferred by warrant..................................... 228

128........ Provision of technical assistance..................................................... 229

129........ Evidentiary certificates relating to actions by carriers...................... 229

130........ Evidentiary certificates relating to actions by criminal law‑enforcement agencies     230

131........ Certified copies of stored communications warrants....................... 231

132........ Obstruction..................................................................................... 231

Part 3‑4—Dealing with accessed information etc.                                          232

Division 1—Prohibition on dealing with accessed information etc. 232

133........ No dealing with accessed information etc....................................... 232

Division 2—Permitted dealings with accessed information                  233

134........ Dealing in preservation notice information or stored communications warrant information     233

135........ Dealing in information by employees of carriers............................. 233

136........ Dealing in connection with Organisation’s functions...................... 235

137........ Communicating information obtained by Organisation................... 236

138........ Employee of carrier may communicate information to criminal law‑enforcement agency         237

139........ Dealing for purposes of investigation etc........................................ 237

139A..... Dealing for integrity purposes......................................................... 239

140........ Dealing with information if access suspected to be unlawful.......... 240

141........ Making record for purpose of permitted communication................ 241

142........ Further dealing by recipient of certain information.......................... 241

142A..... Communicating information obtained as a result of a mutual assistance application to foreign country   241

143........ Giving information in evidence in exempt proceeding.................... 242

144........ Giving information in evidence if communication unlawfully accessed 242

145........ Evidence that has been given in exempt proceeding........................ 243

146........ Giving information in evidence in civil proceedings for remedial relief 243

Division 3—Admissibility of evidence                                                              244

147........ Accessed material inadmissible except as provided......................... 244

148........ Stored communications warrant information inadmissible except as provided         244

149........ Evidence that is otherwise inadmissible.......................................... 245

Division 4—Destruction of records                                                                   246

150........ Destruction of records..................................................................... 246

Part 3‑5—Keeping and inspection of records                                                   247

Division 1—Obligation to keep records                                                          247

151........ Obligation to keep records.............................................................. 247

Division 3—Inspection of preservation notice records by Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security                                                                                                                    249

158A..... Functions of the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security..... 249

Part 3‑6—Reports about access to stored communications                      250

Division 1—Reports to the Minister                                                                 250

159........ Annual reports regarding applications and warrants under Part 3‑3 250

160........ Minister may seek further information from Commonwealth agency 250

Division 2—Reports by the Minister                                                                251

161........ Annual report by Minister about stored communications warrants. 251

161A..... Report to contain information about preservation notices................ 251

162........ Report to set out how many applications made and warrants issued 251

163........ Report to contain information about effectiveness of warrants........ 253

163A..... Report regarding mutual assistance requests................................... 253

Division 3—Provisions about annual reports                                              254

164........ Annual reports................................................................................ 254

Part 3‑7—Civil remedies                                                                                                255

165........ Civil remedies—unlawful access or communication....................... 255

166........ Limitation periods etc...................................................................... 258

167........ No limitation on other liability......................................................... 258

168........ Concurrent operation of State and Territory laws............................ 259

169........ State or Territory courts—jurisdictional limits................................ 259

170........ Extended meaning of conviction—orders under section 19B of the Crimes Act 1914              259

Chapter 4—Access to telecommunications data                        260

Part 4‑1—Permitted access to telecommunications data                            260

Division 1—Outline of Part                                                                                   260

171........ Outline of Part................................................................................. 260

Division 2—General provisions                                                                          261

172........ No disclosure of the contents or substance of a communication..... 261

173........ Effect of Divisions 3 to 5................................................................ 261

Division 3—The Organisation                                                                             262

174........ Voluntary disclosure....................................................................... 262

175........ Authorisations for access to existing information or documents..... 262

176........ Authorisations for access to prospective information or documents 263

Division 4—Enforcement agencies                                                                    265

176A..... Meaning of enforcement agency..................................................... 265

177........ Voluntary disclosure....................................................................... 267

178........ Authorisations for access to existing information or documents—enforcement of the criminal law         268

178A..... Authorisations for access to existing information or documents—locating missing persons   269

179........ Authorisations for access to existing information or documents—enforcement of a law imposing a pecuniary penalty or protection of the public revenue...................................................... 269

180........ Authorisations for access to prospective information or documents 270

Division 4A—Foreign law enforcement                                                          272

Subdivision A—Primary disclosures                                                                272

180A..... Authorisations for access to existing information or documents—enforcement of the criminal law of a foreign country........................................................................................................ 272

180B..... Authorisations for access to prospective information or documents—enforcement of the criminal law of a foreign country............................................................................................ 273

Subdivision B—Secondary disclosures                                                             275

180C..... Authorisations to disclose information or documents—enforcement of the criminal law of a foreign country         275

180D..... Authorisations to disclose information or documents—enforcement of the criminal law         276

Subdivision C—Conditions of disclosure to foreign country                      277

180E...... Disclosing information etc. obtained to foreign country.................. 277

Division 4B—Privacy to be considered when making authorisations 278

180F...... Authorised officers to consider privacy.......................................... 278

Division 4C—Journalist information warrants                                          279

Subdivision A—The requirement for journalist information warrants  279

180G..... The Organisation............................................................................. 279

180H..... Enforcement agencies...................................................................... 279

Subdivision B—Issuing journalist information warrants to the Organisation               280

180J...... Requesting a journalist information warrant.................................... 280

180K..... Further information......................................................................... 281

180L...... Issuing a journalist information warrant.......................................... 281

180M.... Issuing a journalist information warrant in an emergency............... 282

180N..... Duration of a journalist information warrant................................... 284

180P...... Discontinuance of authorisations before expiry of a journalist information warrant 284

Subdivision C—Issuing journalist information warrants to enforcement agencies      285

180Q..... Enforcement agency may apply for a journalist information warrant 285

180R..... Further information......................................................................... 286

180S...... Oaths and affirmations.................................................................... 286

180T...... Issuing a journalist information warrant.......................................... 286

180U..... Form and content of a journalist information warrant..................... 288

180V..... Entry into force of a journalist information warrant........................ 288

180W.... Revocation of a journalist information warrant by chief officer...... 288

Subdivision D—Miscellaneous                                                                            289

180X..... Public Interest Advocates................................................................ 289

Division 5—Uses of telecommunications data connected with provision of access         290

181........ Uses of telecommunications data connected with provision of access 290

Division 6—Disclosure/use offences                                                                  291

181A..... Disclosure/use offences: authorisations under Division 3............... 291

181B..... Disclosure/use offences: certain authorisations under Division 4... 293

182........ Secondary disclosure/use offence: disclosures under Division 4.... 295

182A..... Disclosure/use offences: journalist information warrants................ 298

182B..... Permitted disclosure or use: journalist information warrants........... 298

Part 4‑2—Procedural requirements relating to authorisations              300

183........ Form of authorisations and notifications......................................... 300

184........ Notification of authorisations or revocations................................... 300

185........ Retention of authorisations.............................................................. 301

185A..... Evidentiary certificates relating to acts by carriers........................... 302

185B..... Evidentiary certificates relating to acts by the Organisation............. 303

185C..... Evidentiary certificates relating to acts by enforcement agencies..... 303

185D..... Notification etc. of authorisations intended to identify media sources 304

185E...... Reports on access to retained data................................................... 306

186........ Report to Minister........................................................................... 307

186A..... Obligation to keep records.............................................................. 310

Chapter 4A—Oversight by the Commonwealth Ombudsman         314

186B..... Inspection of records....................................................................... 314

186C..... Power to obtain relevant information.............................................. 315

186D..... Ombudsman to be given information and access despite other laws 316

186E...... Application of Ombudsman Act..................................................... 317

186F...... Exchange of information between Ombudsman and State inspecting authorities     318

186G..... Delegation by Ombudsman............................................................. 318

186H..... Ombudsman not to be sued............................................................. 319

186J...... Reports............................................................................................ 319

Chapter 5—Co‑operation with agencies                                            321

Part 5‑1—Definitions                                                                                                       321

187........ Definitions...................................................................................... 321

Part 5‑1A—Data retention                                                                                           322

Division 1—Obligation to keep information and documents               322

187A..... Service providers must keep certain information and documents.... 322

187AA.. Information to be kept..................................................................... 325

187B..... Certain service providers not covered by this Part.......................... 328

187BA.. Ensuring the confidentiality of information..................................... 329

187C..... Period for keeping information and documents............................... 329

Division 2—Data retention implementation plans                                     331

187D..... Effect of data retention implementation plans.................................. 331

187E...... Applying for approval of data retention implementation plans........ 331

187F...... Approval of data retention implementation plans............................ 332

187G..... Consultation with agencies and the ACMA.................................... 333

187H..... When data retention implementation plans are in force.................... 335

187J...... Amending data retention implementation plans............................... 335

Division 3—Exemptions                                                                                          337

187K..... The Communications Access Co‑ordinator may grant exemptions or variations      337

187KA.. Review of exemption or variation decisions.................................... 339

Division 4—Miscellaneous                                                                                     341

187KB... Commonwealth may make a grant of financial assistance to service providers        341

187L...... Confidentiality of applications......................................................... 341

187LA... Application of the Privacy Act 1988................................................ 342

187M.... Pecuniary penalties and infringement notices.................................. 342

187N..... Review of operation of Part............................................................ 342

187P...... Annual reports................................................................................ 343

Part 5‑2—Delivery points                                                                                              345

188........ Delivery points................................................................................ 345

Part 5‑3—Interception capability                                                                             348

Division 1—Obligations                                                                                           348

189........ Minister may make determinations.................................................. 348

190........ Obligations of persons covered by a determination......................... 349

191........ Obligations of persons not covered by a determination in relation to a kind of telecommunications service            349

Division 2—Exemptions                                                                                          351

192........ The Communications Access Co‑ordinator may grant exemptions. 351

193........ ACMA may grant exemptions for trial services.............................. 352

Part 5‑4—Interception capability plans                                                                353

195........ Nature of an interception capability plan......................................... 353

196........ Time for giving IC plans by carriers............................................... 354

197........ Time for giving IC plans by nominated carriage service providers. 354

198........ Consideration of IC plans............................................................... 355

199........ Commencement of IC plans............................................................ 357

200........ Compliance with IC plans............................................................... 358

201........ Consequences of changed business plans....................................... 358

202........ Confidential treatment of IC plans................................................... 358

Part 5‑4A—Requirement arising from proposed changes                       360

202A..... Purpose of Part............................................................................... 360

202B..... Carrier or provider to notify of proposed change............................ 360

202C..... Communications Access Co‑ordinator may notify agencies........... 362

Part 5‑5—Delivery capability                                                                                      363

203........ Communications Access Co‑ordinator may make determinations... 363

204........ Obligations of persons covered by a determination......................... 364

205........ Obligations of persons not covered by a determination in relation to a kind of telecommunications service            364

Part 5‑6—Allocation of costs                                                                                       365

Division 1—Outline of Part                                                                                   365

206........ Outline of Part................................................................................. 365

Division 2—Interception capability                                                                  366

207........ Costs to be borne by the carriers..................................................... 366

Division 3—Delivery capability                                                                          367

208........ Costs to be borne by the interception agencies................................ 367

209........ Working out costs of delivery capabilities....................................... 367

210........ Examination of lower cost options.................................................. 369

211........ ACMA may require independent audit of costs.............................. 369

Chapter 6—Regulations                                                                                     371

Part 6‑1—Regulations                                                                                                     371

300........ Regulations..................................................................................... 371

Endnotes                                                                                                                                  372

Endnote 1—About the endnotes                                                                          372

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key                                                                              373

Endnote 3—Legislation history                                                                           374

Endnote 4—Amendment history                                                                         398


An Act to prohibit the interception of, and other access to, telecommunications except where authorised in special circumstances or for the purpose of tracing the location of callers in emergencies, and for related purposes.

Chapter 1Introduction

Part 1‑1Preliminary

  

1  Short title

                         This Act may be cited as the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979.

2  Commencement

                   This Act shall come into operation on the day on which the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979 comes into operation.

4  Act binds the Crown

                   This Act binds the Crown in right of the Commonwealth, of each of the States, of the Australian Capital Territory and of the Northern Territory.

4A  Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code applies to all offences against this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

Part 1‑2Interpretation

  

5  Interpretation

             (1)  In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:

ACC means the Australian Crime Commission.

ACC Act means the Australian Crime Commission Act 2002.

access, in relation to a stored communication, has the meaning given by section 6AA.

accessible, in relation to a communication, has the meaning given by section 5H.

ACC operation/investigation has the same meaning as in the ACC Act.

ACMA means the Australian Communications and Media Authority.

activities prejudicial to security has the same meaning as it has in the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979.

affidavit includes affirmation.

AFP employee has the same meaning as in the Australian Federal Police Act 1979.

agency means:

                     (a)  except in Chapter 2—an interception agency or another enforcement agency; or

                     (b)  in Chapter 2—an interception agency.

ancillary offence means an offence constituted by:

                     (a)  aiding, abetting, counselling or procuring the commission of an offence;

                     (b)  being, by act or omission, in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, the commission of an offence;

                     (c)  receiving or assisting a person who is, to the offender’s knowledge, guilty of an offence, in order to enable the person to escape punishment or to dispose of the proceeds of the last‑mentioned offence;

                     (d)  attempting or conspiring to commit an offence; or

                     (e)  inciting, urging, aiding or encouraging, or printing or publishing any writing that incites, urges, aids or encourages, the commission of an offence or the carrying on of any operations for or by the commission of an offence.

appropriately used, in relation to a computer network that is operated by, or on behalf of, a Commonwealth agency, security authority or eligible authority of a State, has the meaning given by section 6AAA.

ASIO affiliate has the same meaning as in the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979.

ASIO employee has the same meaning as in the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979.

Assistant Integrity Commissioner has the same meaning as in the Law Enforcement Integrity Commissioner Act 2006.

associate, with a criminal organisation or a member of such an organisation, includes:

                     (a)  be in the company of the organisation or member; and

                     (b)  communicate with the organisation or member by any means (including by post, fax, telephone, or by email or other electronic means).

Australian Capital Territory includes the Jervis Bay Territory.

authorised officer:

                     (a)  in sections 180A, 180B, 180C and 180D, subsections 184(5) and 185(2) and paragraph 186(1)(ca), means:

                              (i)  the Commissioner of Police; or

                             (ii)  a Deputy Commissioner of Police; or

                            (iii)  a member of the Australian Federal Police who is covered by an authorisation in force under subsection 5AB(1A); and

                     (b)  in any other case, means:

                              (i)  the head (however described) of the enforcement agency or a person acting as that head; or

                             (ii)  a deputy head (however described) of the enforcement agency or a person acting as that deputy head; or

                            (iii)  a person who holds, or is acting in, an office or position in the enforcement agency that is covered by an authorisation in force under subsection 5AB(1).

authorised representative of a carrier means one of the following persons:

                     (a)  the Managing Director of the carrier;

                     (b)  the secretary of the carrier;

                     (c)  an employee of the carrier authorised in writing for the purposes of this paragraph by the Managing Director or the secretary of the carrier.

authority, in relation to a State, includes:

                     (a)  a Minister of that State;

                     (b)  an officer of that State;

                     (c)  an authority or body established for a public purpose by or under a law of that State; and

                     (d)  without limiting the generality of paragraph (c), the Police Force of that State.

Board of the ACC means the Board of the Australian Crime Commission established under section 7B of the ACC Act.

carriage service provider has the meaning given by the Telecommunications Act 1997.

carrier means:

                     (a)  except in Parts 5‑4 and 5‑4A:

                              (i)  a carrier (within the meaning of the Telecommunications Act 1997); or

                             (ii)  a carriage service provider; and

                     (b)  in Parts 5‑4 and 5‑4A—a carrier (within the meaning of the Telecommunications Act 1997).

carry includes transmit, switch and receive.

certifying officer, in relation to an agency, or an eligible authority of a State, means:

                     (a)  in the case of the Australian Federal Police—the Commissioner of Police, a Deputy Commissioner of Police or a person authorised to be a certifying officer of the Australian Federal Police under subsection 5AC(1); or

                    (aa)  in the case of the Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity:

                              (i)  the Integrity Commissioner; or

                             (ii)  an Assistant Integrity Commissioner; or

                            (iii)  a person authorised to be a certifying officer of ACLEI under subsection 5AC(2); or

                     (b)  in the case of the ACC:

                              (i)  the Chief Executive Officer of the ACC or an examiner; or

                             (ii)  a person authorised to be a certifying officer of the ACC under subsection 5AC(3); or

                     (c)  in the case of the Police Force of a State—the Commissioner, a Deputy Commissioner, an officer whose rank is equivalent to that of Assistant Commissioner of the Australian Federal Police, or a person authorised to be a certifying officer of the Police Force of the State under subsection 5AC(4); or

                     (d)  in the case of the Crime Commission:

                              (i)  a member of the Crime Commission; or

                             (ii)  a person authorised to be a certifying officer of the Crime Commission under subsection 5AC(5); or

                     (e)  in the case of the Independent Commission Against Corruption:

                              (i)  the Commissioner, or an Assistant Commissioner, of the Independent Commission Against Corruption; or

                             (ii)  a person authorised to be a certifying officer of the Independent Commission Against Corruption under subsection 5AC(6); or

                    (ea)  in the case of the IBAC:

                              (i)  the Commissioner of the IBAC; or

                             (ii)  the Deputy Commissioner of the IBAC; or

                            (iii)  a person authorised to be a certifying officer of the IBAC under subsection 5AC(7); or

                      (f)  in the case of the Crime and Corruption Commission:

                              (i)  the chairman (as defined by the Crime and Corruption Act); or

                             (ii)  a senior executive officer (as defined by the Crime and Corruption Act); or

                     (g)  in the case of the Police Integrity Commission:

                              (i)  the Commissioner of the Police Integrity Commission; or

                             (ii)  an Assistant Commissioner of the Police Integrity Commission; or

                            (iii)  a person authorised to be a certifying officer of the Police Integrity Commission under subsection 5AC(8); or

                      (i)  in the case of the Corruption and Crime Commission:

                              (i)  the Commissioner of the Corruption and Crime Commission; or

                             (ii)  a person authorised to be a certifying officer of the Corruption and Crime Commission under subsection 5AC(9); or

                    (ia)  in the case of the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption:

                              (i)  the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption; or

                             (ii)  the Deputy Commissioner referred to in section 9 of the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption Act; or

                            (iii)  a person authorised to be a certifying officer for the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption under subsection 5AC(9A); or

                      (j)  in the case of any other agency:

                              (i)  the chief executive officer or an acting chief executive officer of the agency; or

                             (ii)  a person authorised to be a certifying officer of the agency under subsection 5AC(10).

certifying official, of an issuing agency, means:

                     (a)  if the issuing agency is an enforcement agency (including an interception agency)—a certifying officer of the agency; and

                     (b)  if the issuing agency is the Organisation—a certifying person of the Organisation.

certifying person means any of the following:

                     (a)  the Director‑General of Security;

                     (b)  a Deputy Director‑General of Security;

                     (c)  a person authorised to be a certifying person of the Organisation under section 5AD.

chief officer, in relation to an agency, an eligible Commonwealth authority or an eligible authority of a State, means:

                     (a)  in the case of the Australian Federal Police—the Commissioner of Police; or

                    (aa)  in the case of the Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity—the Integrity Commissioner; or

                     (b)  in the case of the ACC—the Chief Executive Officer of the ACC; or

                   (ba)  in the case of an eligible Commonwealth authority—the member constituting, or the member who generally presides at hearings and other meetings of, the Commonwealth Royal Commission concerned; or

                     (c)  in the case of the Police Force of a State—the Commissioner of that Police Force; or

                     (d)  in the case of the Crime Commission—the Commissioner of the Crime Commission; or

                     (e)  in the case of the Independent Commission Against Corruption—the Commissioner of the Independent Commission Against Corruption; or

                    (ea)  in the case of the Inspector of the Independent Commission Against Corruption—the Inspector of the Independent Commission Against Corruption; or

                   (eb)  in the case of the IBAC—the Commissioner of the IBAC; or

                    (ec)  in the case of the Victorian Inspectorate—the Inspector of the Victorian Inspectorate; or

                      (f)  in the case of the Crime and Corruption Commission—the chairman of the Commission; or

                     (h)  in the case of the Police Integrity Commission—the Commissioner of the Commission; or

                   (ha)  in the case of the Inspector of the Police Integrity Commission—the Inspector of the Police Integrity Commission; or

                     (k)  in the case of the Corruption and Crime Commission—the Commissioner of the Commission; or

                      (l)  in the case of the Parliamentary Inspector of the Corruption and Crime Commission—the Parliamentary Inspector of the Corruption and Crime Commission; or

                    (la)  in the case of the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption—the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption; or

                    (m)  in the case of an enforcement agency that is not an interception agency and is not an eligible authority of a State—the chief executive officer or an acting chief executive officer of the agency.

Commissioner means:

                     (a)  in relation to the Police Force of a State—the Commissioner of Police (however designated) of that State; or

                     (b)  in relation to the Crime and Corruption Commission—a member of the Commission, including the chairman.

Commissioner of Police means the Commissioner of Police referred to in section 6 of the Australian Federal Police Act 1979, and includes an acting Commissioner of Police.

Commonwealth agency means:

                     (a)  the Australian Federal Police; or

                    (aa)  the Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity; or

                     (b)  the ACC.

Commonwealth Royal Commission means a Royal Commission within the meaning of the Royal Commissions Act 1902.

communicate, in relation to information, includes divulge.

communication includes conversation and a message, and any part of a conversation or message, whether:

                     (a)  in the form of:

                              (i)  speech, music or other sounds;

                             (ii)  data;

                            (iii)  text;

                            (iv)  visual images, whether or not animated; or

                             (v)  signals; or

                     (b)  in any other form or in any combination of forms.

Communications Access Co‑ordinator has the meaning given by section 6R.

conduct includes any act or omission.

Corruption and Crime Commission means the Corruption and Crime Commission established by the Corruption and Crime Commission Act.

Corruption and Crime Commission Act means the Corruption and Crime Commission Act 2003 of Western Australia.

Crime and Corruption Act means the Crime and Corruption Act 2001 (Qld).

Crime and Corruption Commission means the Crime and Corruption Commission (Qld).

Crime Commission means the New South Wales Crime Commission.

Crime Commission Act means the New South Wales Crime Commission Act 1985 of New South Wales.

criminal law‑enforcement agency has the meaning given by section 110A.

criminal organisation means an organisation (whether incorporated or not, and however structured) that is:

                     (a)  a declared organisation within the meaning of:

                              (i)  the Crimes (Criminal Organisations Control) Act 2009 of New South Wales; or

                             (ii)  the Serious and Organised Crime (Control) Act 2008 of South Australia; or

                     (b)  an organisation of a kind specified by or under, or described or mentioned in, a prescribed provision of a law of a State or Territory.

Defence Minister has the same meaning as in the Intelligence Services Act 2001.

delivery point means a location in respect of which a nomination or determination is in force under section 188.

Deputy Commissioner of Police means a Deputy Commissioner of Police referred to in section 6 of the Australian Federal Police Act 1979.

Deputy Director‑General of Security means a person who holds, or is acting in, a position known as Deputy Director‑General of Security.

deputy PIM (short for deputy public interest monitor), in relation to Queensland, means a person appointed as a deputy public interest monitor under:

                     (a)  the Crime and Corruption Act 2001 of Queensland; or

                     (b)  the Police Powers and Responsibilities Act 2000 of Queensland.

Director‑General of Security means the person holding, or performing the duties of, the office of Director‑General of Security under the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979.

domestic preservation notice has the meaning given by subsection 107H(1).

earth‑based facility means a facility other than a satellite‑based facility.

eligible authority, in relation to a State, means:

                     (a)  in any case—the Police Force of that State; or

                     (b)  in the case of New South Wales—the Crime Commission, the Independent Commission Against Corruption, the Inspector of the Independent Commission Against Corruption, the Police Integrity Commission or the Inspector of the Police Integrity Commission; or

                   (ba)  in the case of Victoria—the IBAC or the Victorian Inspectorate; or

                     (c)  in the case of Queensland—the Crime and Corruption Commission; or

                     (d)  in the case of Western Australia—the Corruption and Crime Commission or the Parliamentary Inspector of the Corruption and Crime Commission; or

                     (e)  in the case of South Australia—the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption.

eligible Commonwealth authority means a Commonwealth Royal Commission in relation to which a declaration under section 5AA is in force.

emergency service facility has the meaning given by subsection 6(2A).

enforcement agency has the meaning given by section 176A.

equipment means any apparatus or equipment used, or intended for use, in or in connection with a telecommunications network, and includes a telecommunications device but does not include a line.

examiner has the same meaning as in the ACC Act.

facility has the same meaning as in the Telecommunications Act 1997.

federally relevant criminal activity has the same meaning as in the ACC Act.

Foreign Affairs Minister has the same meaning as in the Intelligence Services Act 2001.

foreign communication means a communication sent or received outside Australia.

foreign communications warrant means an interception warrant issued or to be issued under section 11C.

foreign intelligence means intelligence about the capabilities, intentions or activities of people or organisations outside Australia.

foreign intelligence information means information obtained (whether before or after the commencement of this definition) under a warrant issued under section 11A, 11B or 11C.

foreign law enforcement agency means:

                     (a)  a police force (however described) of a foreign country; or

                     (b)  any other authority or person responsible for the enforcement of the laws of the foreign country.

foreign organisation means an organisation (including a government) outside Australia.

foreign preservation notice has the meaning given by subsection 107N(1).

General Register means the General Register of Warrants kept under section 81A.

Governor, in relation to a State, means, in the case of the Northern Territory, the Administrator of the Northern Territory.

historic domestic preservation notice has the meaning given by subparagraph 107H(1)(b)(i).

IBAC means the Independent Broad‑based Anti‑corruption Commission established by the IBAC Act.

IBAC Act means the Independent Broad‑based Anti‑corruption Commission Act 2011 of Victoria.

IBAC officer means a person who is an IBAC Officer (within the meaning of the IBAC Act).

IGIS official has the same meaning as in the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979.

Immigration and Border Protection Department means the Department administered by the Minister administering Part XII of the Customs Act 1901.

immigration offence means an offence against section 236 of the Migration Act 1958.

implementation phase has the meaning given by subsection 187H(2).

Independent Commission Against Corruption means the Independent Commission Against Corruption of New South Wales.

Independent Commission Against Corruption Act means the Independent Commission Against Corruption Act 1988 of New South Wales.

Independent Commissioner Against Corruption means the person who is the Commissioner (within the meaning of the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption Act).

Independent Commissioner Against Corruption Act means the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption Act 2012 of South Australia.

infrastructure means any line or equipment used to facilitate communications across a telecommunications network.

inspecting officer means:

                     (a)  the Ombudsman;

                     (b)  a Deputy Commonwealth Ombudsman; or

                     (c)  a member of the staff referred to in subsection 31(1) of the Ombudsman Act 1976.

Inspector of the Independent Commission Against Corruption means the Inspector of the Independent Commission Against Corruption referred to in section 57A of the Independent Commission Against Corruption Act.

Inspector of the Police Integrity Commission means the Inspector of the Police Integrity Commission referred to in section 88 of the Police Integrity Commission Act.

Inspector of the Victorian Inspectorate has the same meaning as Inspector has in the Victorian Inspectorate Act.

integrity authority means:

                     (a)  an integrity testing controlled operations authority under Part IAB of the Crimes Act 1914 authorising a controlled operation under that Part; or

                     (b)  an integrity testing authority under Part IABA of the Crimes Act 1914 authorising an integrity testing operation under that Part.

Integrity Commissioner has the same meaning as in the Law Enforcement Integrity Commissioner Act 2006.

integrity operation means:

                     (a)  a controlled operation authorised by an integrity testing controlled operation authority granted under Part IAB of the Crimes Act 1914; or

                     (b)  an integrity testing operation authorised by an integrity testing authority granted under Part IABA of the Crimes Act 1914.

intended recipient, of a communication, has the meaning given by section 5G.

interception agency means:

                     (a)  except for the purposes of section 6R, Part 2‑6 or Chapter 5:

                              (i)  a Commonwealth agency; or

                             (ii)  an eligible authority of a State in relation to which a declaration under section 34 is in force; or

                     (b)  for the purposes of Part 2‑6:

                              (i)  a Commonwealth agency; or

                             (ii)  an eligible authority of a State; or

                     (c)  for the purposes of section 6R and Chapter 5:

                              (i)  the Organisation; or

                             (ii)  a Commonwealth agency; or

                            (iii)  an eligible authority of a State in relation to which a declaration under section 34 is in force.

interception warrant means a warrant issued under Chapter 2.

interception warrant information has the meaning given by section 6EA.

in the possession of, in relation to a document, record or copy, includes in the custody of or under the control of.

investigative proceeding has the same meaning as in the Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Act 1987.

issuing agency, in relation to a preservation notice, means the agency that gives the notice.

issuing authority means a person in respect of whom an appointment is in force under section 6DB.

journalist information warrant means a warrant issued under Division 4C of Part 4‑1.

lawfully accessed information means information obtained by accessing a stored communication otherwise than in contravention of subsection 108(1).

lawfully intercepted information has the meaning given by section 6E.

law of the Commonwealth includes a law of the Australian Capital Territory.

line has the same meaning as in the Telecommunications Act 1997.

listening device has the same meaning as in Division 2 of Part III of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979.

maintain includes adjust and repair.

Managing Director, in relation to a carrier, means the chief executive officer (however described) of the carrier.

member, of a criminal organisation, includes:

                     (a)  in the case of an organisation that is a body corporate—a director and an officer of the body corporate; and

                     (b)  in any case:

                              (i)  an associate member or prospective member (however described) of the organisation; and

                             (ii)  a person who identifies himself or herself, in some way, as belonging to the organisation; and

                            (iii)  a person who is treated by the organisation or persons who belong to the organisation, in some way, as if he or she belongs to the organisation.

member of a police force means:

                     (a)  a member of the Australian Federal Police; or

                     (b)  an officer of the Police Force of a State or Territory.

member of the Australian Federal Police includes a special member of the Australian Federal Police.

member of the Crime Commission means a person who is, or who is acting in the office of, the Chairperson, or a member, of the Crime Commission.

member of the staff of a Commonwealth Royal Commission means:

                     (a)  a legal practitioner appointed to assist the Commission; or

                     (b)  a person authorised to be a member of the staff of a Commonwealth Royal Commission for the purposes of this Act under section 5AE.

member of the staff of the ACC has the same meaning as in the ACC Act.

member of the staff of the Crime Commission means a person who is, for the purposes of the Crime Commission Act, a member of the staff of the Crime Commission.

member of the staff of the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption means a person who is engaged under subsection 12(1) of the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption Act.

member of the staff of the Inspector of the Independent Commission Against Corruption means:

                     (a)  a member of the staff referred to in subsection 57E(1) or (2) of the Independent Commission Against Corruption Act; or

                     (b)  a person engaged under subsection 57E(3) of that Act; or

                     (c)  a person whose services are used under subsection 57E(4) of that Act.

member of the staff of the Inspector of the Police Integrity Commission means a person who is engaged or employed under subsection 92(1), (2) or (3) of the Police Integrity Commission Act or whose services are used under subsection 92(4) of that Act.

member of the staff of the Police Integrity Commission means a person who is, for the purposes of the Police Integrity Commission Act, a member of the staff of the Commission.

Minister, in relation to a State, means:

                     (a)  except where paragraph (b) applies—a Minister of the Crown of that State; or

                     (b)  in the case of the Northern Territory—a person holding Ministerial office within the meaning of the Northern Territory (Self‑Government) Act 1978.

Minister for Defence means the Minister administering the Defence Act 1903.

Minister for Foreign Affairs means the Minister administering the Diplomatic Privileges and Immunities Act 1967.

missing person information, in relation to a missing person, has the meaning given by section 182.

mutual assistance application means an application for a stored communications warrant made as a result of an authorisation under section 15B of the Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Act 1987.

named person warrant means an interception warrant issued or to be issued under section 9A, 11B or 46A.

network protection duties, in relation to a computer network, means duties relating to:

                     (a)  the operation, protection or maintenance of the network; or

                     (b)  if the network is operated by, or on behalf of, a Commonwealth agency, security authority or eligible authority of a State—ensuring that the network is appropriately used by employees, office holders or contractors of the agency or authority.

nominated AAT member means a member of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal in respect of whom a nomination is in force under section 6DA to issue warrants under Part 2‑5.

nominated carriage service provider means a carriage service provider covered by a declaration in force under subsection 197(4).

non‑missing person information has the meaning given by section 182.

notifiable equipment, in relation to a carrier or nominated carriage service provider, means equipment that:

                     (a)  provides all or part of the carrier or provider’s telecommunication services; or

                     (b)  manages all or part of the provision of the carrier or provider’s telecommunication services; or

                     (c)  manages some or all of the information to which section 276 of the Telecommunications Act 1997 applies in relation to the carrier or provider.

oath includes affirmation.

offence means an offence against a law of the Commonwealth or of a State.

office holder means a person who holds, occupies or performs the duties of an office, position or appointment.

officer, in relation to an agency, an eligible Commonwealth authority or an eligible authority of a State, means:

                     (a)  in the case of the Australian Federal Police—a member of the Australian Federal Police; or

                    (aa)  in the case of the Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity—the Integrity Commissioner or a staff member of ACLEI; or

                     (b)  in the case of the ACC—the Chief Executive Officer of the ACC, an examiner or a member of the staff of the ACC; or

                   (ba)  in the case of an eligible Commonwealth authority—a member of the Commonwealth Royal Commission concerned or a member of the staff of the Royal Commission; or

                     (c)  in the case of the Police Force of a State—an officer of that Police Force; or

                     (d)  in the case of the Crime Commission—a member of the Crime Commission or a member of the staff of the Crime Commission; or

                     (e)  in the case of the Independent Commission Against Corruption—an officer of the Independent Commission Against Corruption, being a person who is an officer as defined by the Independent Commission Against Corruption Act; or

                    (ea)  in the case of the Inspector of the Independent Commission Against Corruption:

                              (i)  the Inspector of the Independent Commission Against Corruption; or

                             (ii)  a member of the staff of the Inspector of the Independent Commission Against Corruption; or

                   (eb)  in the case of the IBAC—an IBAC officer; or

                    (ec)  in the case of the Victorian Inspectorate—a Victorian Inspectorate officer; or

                      (f)  in the case of the Crime and Corruption Commission—a commission officer (within the meaning of the Crime and Corruption Act); or

                     (h)  in the case of the Police Integrity Commission:

                              (i)  the Commissioner or Assistant Commissioner of the Police Integrity Commission; or

                             (ii)  a member of the staff of the Police Integrity Commission; or

                   (ha)  in the case of the Inspector of the Police Integrity Commission:

                              (i)  the Inspector of the Police Integrity Commission; or

                             (ii)  a member of the staff of the Inspector of the Police Integrity Commission; or

                     (k)  in the case of the Corruption and Crime Commission—an officer of the Corruption and Crime Commission; or

                      (l)  in the case of the Parliamentary Inspector of the Corruption and Crime Commission—the Parliamentary Inspector of the Corruption and Crime Commission or an officer of the Parliamentary Inspector; or

                    (m)  in the case of the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption:

                              (i)  the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption; or

                             (ii)  the Deputy Commissioner referred to in section 9 of the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption Act; or

                            (iii)  a member of the staff of the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption; or

                     (n)  in the case of a criminal law‑enforcement agency for which a declaration under subsection 110A(3) is in force—a person specified, or of a kind specified, in the declaration to be an officer of the criminal law‑enforcement agency for the purposes of this Act; or

                     (o)  in the case of an enforcement agency for which a declaration under subsection 176A(3) is in force—a person specified, or of a kind specified, in the declaration to be an officer of the enforcement agency for the purposes of this Act.

officer of a State has the meaning given by subsection 6G(2).

officer of a Territory has the meaning given by subsection 6G(3).

officer of the Commonwealth has the meaning given by subsection 6G(1).

officer of the Corruption and Crime Commission means an officer of the Corruption and Crime Commission within the meaning of the Corruption and Crime Commission Act.

officer of the Parliamentary Inspector means an officer of the Parliamentary Inspector of the Corruption and Crime Commission within the meaning of the Corruption and Crime Commission Act.

Ombudsman means the Commonwealth Ombudsman.

ongoing domestic preservation notice has the meaning given by subparagraph 107H(1)(b)(ii).

Organisation means the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation.

organised crime control law means a law of a State, a purpose of which is to combat organised crime or restrict the activities of criminal organisations, that provides for:

                     (a)  the declaration of an organisation as a declared organisation; or

                     (b)  the making of orders described as control orders or interim control orders in relation to members of criminal organisations.

original warrant means a warrant other than a renewal of a warrant.

Parliamentary Inspector of the Corruption and Crime Commission means the Parliamentary Inspector of the Corruption and Crime Commission within the meaning of the Corruption and Crime Commission Act.

Part 2‑2 warrant means a warrant issued under Part 2‑2.

Part 2‑5 warrant means a warrant issued under Part 2‑5.

Part 4‑1 issuing authority means a person in respect of whom an appointment is in force under section 6DC.

passing over includes being carried.

Note:          See section 5F for when a communication is passing over a telecommunications system.

permitted purpose, in relation to an interception agency, the Immigration and Border Protection Department, an eligible Commonwealth authority or an eligible authority of a State, means a purpose connected with:

                     (a)  in any case (except in the case of the Immigration and Border Protection Department):

                              (i)  an investigation by the agency or eligible authority of a prescribed offence;

                             (ii)  the making by an authority, body or person of a decision whether or not to begin a relevant proceeding in relation to the agency or eligible authority;

                            (iii)  a relevant proceeding in relation to the agency or eligible authority;

                            (iv)  the exercise by the chief officer of the agency or eligible authority of the powers conferred by section 68; or

                             (v)  the keeping of records by the agency under Part 2‑7, or by the eligible authority under provisions of a law of the State that impose on the chief officer of the authority requirements corresponding to those imposed on the chief officer of a Commonwealth agency by sections 80 and 81; or

                  (aaa)  in the case of a Commonwealth agency or the Immigration and Border Protection Department—a purpose mentioned in the table in section 6S in relation to the agency or the Immigration and Border Protection Department; or

                    (aa)  in the case of the ACC:

                              (i)  an ACC operation/investigation; or

                             (ii)  a report to the Board of the ACC on the outcome of such an operation or investigation; or

                            (iii)  an investigation of, or an inquiry into, alleged misbehaviour, or alleged improper conduct, of a member of the staff referred to in subsection 47(1) of the Australian Crime Commission Act 2002; or

                            (iv)  a report on such an investigation or inquiry; or

                             (v)  the making by a person of a decision, following such an investigation or inquiry, in relation to the employment of such a staff member (including a decision to terminate the staff member’s employment); or

                            (vi)  a review (whether by way of appeal or otherwise) of such a decision; or

                     (b)  in the case of the Australian Federal Police:

                              (i)  an investigation of, or an inquiry into, alleged misbehaviour, or alleged improper conduct, of an officer of the Commonwealth, being an investigation or inquiry under a law of the Commonwealth or by a person in the person’s capacity as an officer of the Commonwealth; or

                             (ii)  a report on such an investigation or inquiry; or

                           (iia)  the making by a person of a decision under the Australian Federal Police Act 1979 in relation to the engagement of an AFP employee, the retirement of an AFP employee or the termination of the employment of an AFP employee or in relation to the appointment or the termination of the appointment of a special member of the Australian Federal Police; or

                           (iib)  a review (whether by way of appeal or otherwise) of such a decision; or

                            (iii)  the tendering to the Governor‑General of advice to terminate, because of misbehaviour or improper conduct, the appointment of an officer of the Commonwealth; or

                            (iv)  deliberations of the Executive Council in connection with advice to the Governor‑General to terminate, because of misbehaviour or improper conduct, the appointment of an officer of the Commonwealth; or

                             (v)  the performance of a function or duty, or the exercise of a power, by a person, court or other body under, or in relation to a matter arising under, Division 104 of the Criminal Code; or

                            (vi)  the performance of a function or duty, or the exercise of a power, by a person, court, tribunal or other body under, or in relation to a matter arising under, Division 105 of the Criminal Code, so far as the function, duty or power relates to a preventative detention order; or

                  (baa)  in the case of the Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity:

                              (i)  a corruption investigation (within the meaning of the Law Enforcement Integrity Commissioner Act 2006); or

                             (ii)  a report on such an investigation; or

                   (ba)  in the case of an eligible Commonwealth authority:

                              (i)  an investigation that the Commonwealth Royal Commission concerned is conducting in the course of the inquiry it is commissioned to undertake; or

                             (ii)  a report on such an investigation; or

                     (c)  in the case of the Police Force of a State:

                              (i)  an investigation of, or an inquiry into, alleged misbehaviour, or alleged improper conduct, of an officer of that State, being an investigation or inquiry under a law of that State or by a person in the person’s capacity as an officer of that State; or

                             (ii)  a report on such an investigation or inquiry; or

                           (iia)  the making by a person of a decision in relation to the appointment, re‑appointment, term of appointment, retirement or termination of appointment of an officer or member of staff of that Police Force; or

                           (iib)  a review (whether by way of appeal or otherwise) of such a decision; or

                            (iii)  the tendering to the Governor of that State of advice to terminate, because of misbehaviour or improper conduct, the appointment of an officer of that State; or

                            (iv)  deliberations of the Executive Council of that State in connection with advice to the Governor of that State to terminate, because of misbehaviour or improper conduct, the appointment of an officer of that State; or

                             (v)  the performance of a function or duty, or the exercise of a power, by a person, court or other body under, or in relation to a matter arising under, an organised crime control law of that State; or

                     (d)  in the case of an eligible authority of a State:

                              (i)  an inspection of the authority’s records that is made under a requirement of the law of that State, being a requirement of the kind referred to in paragraph 35(1)(h); or

                             (ii)  a report on such an inspection; or

                   (da)  in the case of the Independent Commission Against Corruption:

                              (i)  an investigation under the Independent Commission Against Corruption Act into whether corrupt conduct (within the meaning of that Act) may have occurred, may be occurring or may be about to occur; or

                             (ii)  a report on such an investigation; or

                   (db)  in the case of the Inspector of the Independent Commission Against Corruption:

                              (i)  dealing with (by reports and recommendations) complaints of abuse of power, impropriety or other forms of misconduct (within the meaning of the Independent Commission Against Corruption Act) on the part of the Independent Commission Against Corruption or officers of that Commission; or

                             (ii)  dealing with (by reports and recommendations) conduct amounting to maladministration (within the meaning of the Independent Commission Against Corruption Act) by the Independent Commission Against Corruption or officers of that Commission; or

                   (dc)  in the case of the Inspector of the Police Integrity Commission—dealing with (by reports and recommendations) complaints of abuse of power, impropriety or other forms of misconduct (within the meaning of the Police Integrity Commission Act) on the part of the Police Integrity Commission or officers of that Commission; or

                     (e)  in the case of the Police Integrity Commission:

                              (i)  an investigation under the Police Integrity Commission Act of police misconduct (within the meaning of section 5 of that Act) of a police officer (within the meaning of that Act); or

                            (ia)  an investigation under the Police Integrity Commission Act of corrupt conduct (within the meaning of section 5A of that Act) of an administrative officer (within the meaning of that Act); or

                            (ib)  an investigation under the Police Integrity Commission Act of misconduct (within the meaning of section 5B of that Act) of a Crime Commission officer (within the meaning of that Act); or

                             (ii)  a report on an investigation covered by subparagraph (i), (ia) or (ib); or

                            (iii)  the tendering to the Governor of New South Wales of advice to terminate, because of misbehaviour or improper conduct, the appointment of the Commissioner of the New South Wales Police Force; or

                            (iv)  deliberations of the Executive Council of New South Wales in connection with advice to the Governor of that State to terminate, because of misbehaviour or improper conduct, the appointment of the Commissioner of the New South Wales Police Force; or

                      (f)  in the case of the IBAC:

                              (i)  an investigation under the IBAC Act of corrupt conduct (within the meaning of that Act); or

                             (ii)  an investigation under the IBAC Act of police personnel conduct (within the meaning of that Act); or

                            (iii)  a report or recommendation on an investigation covered by subparagraph (i) or (ii); or

                    (fa)  in the case of the Victorian Inspectorate:

                              (i)  an investigation under the Victorian Inspectorate Act into the conduct of the IBAC or IBAC personnel (within the meaning of that Act); or

                             (ii)  a report or recommendation on such an investigation; or

                     (g)  in the case of the Corruption and Crime Commission:

                              (i)  an investigation under the Corruption and Crime Commission Act into whether misconduct (within the meaning of that Act) has or may have occurred, is or may be occurring, is or may be about to occur, or is likely to occur; or

                             (ii)  a report on such an investigation; or

                    (ga)  in the case of the Crime and Corruption Commission:

                              (i)  an investigation under the Crime and Corruption Act into whether corruption (within the meaning of that Act) may have occurred, may be occurring or may be about to occur; or

                             (ii)  a report on such an investigation; or

                     (h)  in the case of the Parliamentary Inspector of the Corruption and Crime Commission—dealing with a matter of misconduct (within the meaning of the Corruption and Crime Commission Act) on the part of the Corruption and Crime Commission, an officer of the Corruption and Crime Commission or an officer of the Parliamentary Inspector of the Corruption and Crime Commission; or

                      (i)  in the case of the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption:

                              (i)  an investigation under the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption Act into corruption in public administration (within the meaning of that Act); or

                             (ii)  a report on such an investigation.

PIM (short for public interest monitor) means:

                     (a)  in relation to Victoria—a person appointed as a Public Interest Monitor under the Public Interest Monitor Act 2011 of Victoria; or

                     (b)  in relation to Queensland—a person appointed as the public interest monitor under:

                              (i)  the Crime and Corruption Act 2001 of Queensland; or

                             (ii)  the Police Powers and Responsibilities Act 2000 of Queensland.

police disciplinary proceeding means a disciplinary proceeding, before a tribunal or body that is responsible for disciplining members of the Australian Federal Police or officers of a Police Force of a State, against a member of the Australian Federal Police, or an officer of that Police Force, as the case may be, not being a proceeding by way of a prosecution for an offence.

Police Integrity Commission means the Police Integrity Commission of New South Wales.

Police Integrity Commission Act means the Police Integrity Commission Act 1996 of New South Wales.

Premier, in relation to a State, means, in the case of the Northern Territory, the Chief Minister of the Northern Territory.

premises includes:

                     (a)  any land;

                     (b)  any structure, building, aircraft, vehicle, vessel or place (whether built on or not); and

                     (c)  any part of such a structure, building, aircraft, vehicle, vessel or place.

prescribed investigation, in relation to a Commonwealth agency, an eligible Commonwealth authority or an eligible authority of a State:

                    (aa)  in the case of the Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity—means a corruption investigation (within the meaning of the Law Enforcement Integrity Commissioner Act 2006); or

                     (a)  in the case of the ACC—means an ACC operation/investigation; or

                     (b)  in the case of the Crime Commission—means an investigation that the Crime Commission is conducting in the performance of its functions under the Crime Commission Act; or

                   (ba)  in the case of an eligible Commonwealth authority—an investigation that the Commonwealth Royal Commission concerned is conducting in the course of the inquiry it is commissioned to undertake; or

                     (c)  in the case of the Independent Commission Against Corruption—means an investigation that the Independent Commission Against Corruption is conducting in the performance of its functions under the Independent Commission Against Corruption Act; or

                    (ca)  in the case of the Inspector of the Independent Commission Against Corruption—means an investigation that the Inspector is conducting in the performance of the Inspector’s functions under the Independent Commission Against Corruption Act; or

                   (cb)  in the case of the IBAC—means an investigation that the IBAC is conducting in the performance of its functions under the IBAC Act; or

                    (cc)  in the case of the Victorian Inspectorate—means an investigation that the Victorian Inspectorate is conducting in the performance of its functions under the Victorian Inspectorate Act; or

                     (d)  in the case of the Crime and Corruption Commission—means an investigation that the Commission is conducting in the performance of its functions under the Crime and Corruption Act; or

                      (f)  in the case of the Police Integrity Commission—means an investigation that the Commission is conducting in the performance of its functions under the Police Integrity Commission Act; or

                    (fa)  in the case of the Inspector of the Police Integrity Commission—means an investigation that the Inspector is conducting in the performance of the Inspector’s functions under the Police Integrity Commission Act; or

                      (i)  in the case of the Corruption and Crime Commission—means an investigation that the Commission is conducting in the performance of its functions under the Corruption and Crime Commission Act; or

                      (j)  in the case of the Parliamentary Inspector of the Corruption and Crime Commission—means dealing with a matter of misconduct in the performance of the Parliamentary Inspector’s functions under the Corruption and Crime Commission Act; or

                     (k)  in the case of the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption—means an investigation that the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption is conducting in the performance of the Commissioner’s functions under the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption Act.

prescribed offence means:

                     (a)  a serious offence, or an offence that was a serious offence when the offence was committed;

                     (b)  an offence against subsection 7(1) or section 63; or

                   (ba)  an offence against subsection 108(1) or section 133; or

                     (c)  an offence against a provision of Part 10.6 of the Criminal Code; or

                     (d)  any other offence punishable by imprisonment for life or for a period, or maximum period, of at least 3 years; or

                     (e)  an ancillary offence relating to an offence of a kind referred to in paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (d) of this definition.

prescribed substance means:

                     (a)  a substance that is a narcotic drug or psychotropic substance for the purposes of the Crimes (Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances) Act 1990; or

                     (b)  a controlled drug or border controlled drug within the meaning of Part 9.1 of the Criminal Code; or

                     (c)  a controlled plant or border controlled plant within the meaning of Part 9.1 of the Criminal Code; or

                     (d)  a controlled precursor or border controlled precursor within the meaning of Part 9.1 of the Criminal Code.

preservation notice means a domestic preservation notice or a foreign preservation notice.

preservation notice information has the meaning given by section 6EAA.

preserve, in relation to a stored communication, means maintain the integrity of:

                     (a)  the stored communication; or

                     (b)  a copy of the stored communication.

preventative detention order has the same meaning as in Part 5.3 of the Criminal Code.

proceeding means:

                     (a)  a proceeding or proposed proceeding in a federal court or in a court of a State or Territory;

                     (b)  a proceeding or proposed proceeding, or a hearing or proposed hearing, before a tribunal in Australia, or before any other body, authority or person in Australia having power to hear or examine evidence; or

                     (c)  an examination or proposed examination by or before such a tribunal, body, authority or person.

Public Interest Advocate means a person declared under section 180X to be a Public Interest Advocate.

publicly‑listed ASIO number has the meaning given by subsection 6(3).

record means:

                     (a)  in relation to information—a record or copy, whether in writing or otherwise, of the whole or a part of the information; or

                     (b)  in relation to an interception, whether or not in contravention of subsection 7(1), of a communication:

                              (i)  a record or copy, whether in writing or otherwise, of the whole or a part of the communication, being a record or copy made by means of the interception; or

                             (ii)  a record or copy, whether in writing or otherwise, of the whole or a part of a record or copy that is, by virtue of any other application or applications of this definition, a record obtained by the interception.

related account, service or device, in relation to a service to which Part 5‑1A applies, means:

                     (a)  an account; or

                     (b)  a telecommunications device; or

                     (c)  another service of a kind referred to in paragraph 187A(3)(a);

that is related to the service.

relates:

                     (a)  a stored communication relates to a person only if it is:

                              (i)  a stored communication that the person has made; or

                             (ii)  a stored communication that another person has made and for which the person is the intended recipient; and

                     (b)  a stored communication relates to a telecommunications service only if it has passed over a telecommunications system by way of the telecommunications service.

relevant offence, in relation to a Commonwealth agency, an eligible Commonwealth authority or an eligible authority of a State, means:

                     (a)  in the case of the Australian Federal Police—a prescribed offence that is an offence against a law of the Commonwealth; or

                    (aa)  in the case of the Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity—a prescribed investigation concerning conduct that involves a prescribed offence or possible conduct that would involve a prescribed offence; or

                     (b)  in the case of the ACC—a prescribed offence to which a prescribed investigation relates; or

                   (ba)  in the case of an eligible Commonwealth authority—a prescribed offence to which a prescribed investigation relates; or

                     (c)  in the case of the Police Force of a State—a prescribed offence that is an offence against a law of that State; or

                     (d)  in the case of the Crime Commission—a prescribed offence that is an offence against a law of New South Wales and to which a prescribed investigation relates; or

                     (e)  in the case of the Independent Commission Against Corruption—a prescribed offence that is an offence against a law of New South Wales and to which a prescribed investigation relates; or

                    (ea)  in the case of the Inspector of the Independent Commission Against Corruption—a prescribed offence that is an offence against a law of New South Wales and to which a prescribed investigation relates; or

                   (eb)  in the case of the IBAC—a prescribed offence that is an offence against a law of Victoria and to which a prescribed investigation relates; or

                    (ec)  in the case of the Victorian Inspectorate—a prescribed offence that is an offence against the law of Victoria and to which a prescribed investigation relates; or

                      (f)  in the case of the Crime and Corruption Commission—a prescribed offence that is an offence against the law of Queensland and to which a prescribed investigation relates; or

                     (h)  in the case of the Police Integrity Commission—a prescribed offence that is an offence against the law of New South Wales and to which a prescribed investigation relates; or

                   (ha)  in the case of the Inspector of the Police Integrity Commission—a prescribed offence that is an offence against a law of New South Wales and to which a prescribed investigation relates; or

                     (k)  in the case of the Corruption and Crime Commission—a prescribed offence that is an offence against the law of Western Australia and to which a prescribed investigation relates; or

                      (l)  in the case of the Parliamentary Inspector of the Corruption and Crime Commission—a prescribed offence that is an offence against the law of Western Australia and to which a prescribed investigation relates; or

                    (m)  in the case of the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption—a prescribed offence that is an offence against the law of South Australia and to which a prescribed investigation relates.

relevant period, for a domestic preservation notice, means:

                     (a)  for an historic domestic preservation notice—the period referred to in subparagraph 107H(1)(b)(i); and

                     (b)  for an ongoing domestic preservation notice—the period referred to in subparagraph 107H(1)(b)(ii).

relevant staff member of an enforcement agency means:

                     (a)  the head (however described) of the enforcement agency; or

                     (b)  a deputy head (however described) of the enforcement agency; or

                     (c)  any employee, member of staff or officer of the enforcement agency.

relevant statistics, in relation to applications of a particular kind, means all of the following:

                     (a)  how many applications of that kind were made;

                     (b)  how many applications of that kind were withdrawn or refused; and

                     (c)  how many warrants were issued on applications of that kind.

renewal, in relation to a warrant issued to an agency in respect of a telecommunications service or person, means a warrant:

                     (a)  that is issued to the agency in respect of that service or person; and

                     (b)  the application for which was made while:

                              (i)  the first‑mentioned warrant; or

                             (ii)  a warrant that is, by virtue of any other application or applications of this definition, a renewal of the first‑mentioned warrant;

                            was still in force.

renewal application means an application by an agency for a warrant in respect of a telecommunications service or person, being an application made while a warrant issued to the agency in respect of that service or person is still in force.

responsible person for a computer network means:

                     (a)  if an individual operates the network, or the network is operated on behalf of an individual—that individual; or

                     (b)  if a body (whether or not a body corporate) operates the network, or the network is operated on behalf of a body (whether or not a body corporate):

                              (i)  the head (however described) of the body, or a person acting as that head; or

                             (ii)  if one or more positions are nominated by that head, or the person acting as that head, for the purposes of this subparagraph—each person who holds, or is acting in, such a position.

restricted record means a record other than a copy, that was obtained by means of an interception, whether or not in contravention of subsection 7(1), of a communication passing over a telecommunications system.

retained data means information, or documents, that a service provider is or has been required to keep under Part 5‑1A.

satellite‑based facility means a facility in a satellite.

secretary has the same meaning as in the Corporations Act 2001.

security has the same meaning as it has in the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979.

security authority means an authority of the Commonwealth that has functions primarily relating to:

                     (a)  security; or

                     (b)  collection of foreign intelligence; or

                     (c)  the defence of Australia; or

                     (d)  the conduct of the Commonwealth’s international affairs.

senior executive AFP employee has the same meaning as in the Australian Federal Police Act 1979.

serious contravention has the meaning given by section 5E.

serious offence has the meaning given by section 5D.

service provider has the meaning given by subsection 187A(1).

source (except in item 2 of the table in subsection 187AA(1)) means a person who provides information:

                     (a)  to another person who is working in a professional capacity as a journalist; and

                     (b)  in the normal course of the other person’s work in such a capacity; and

                     (c)  in the expectation that the information may be disseminated in the form of:

                              (i)  news, current affairs or a documentary; or

                             (ii)  commentary or opinion on, or analysis of, news, current affairs or a documentary.

special investigation means an investigation into matters relating to federally relevant criminal activity that the ACC is conducting and that the Board of the ACC has determined to be a special investigation.

Special Register means the Special Register of Warrants kept under section 81C.

staff member, in relation to the Australian Federal Police, means an AFP employee who is not a member of the Australian Federal Police.

staff member of ACLEI has the same meaning as in the Law Enforcement Integrity Commissioner Act 2006.

State includes the Northern Territory.

stored communication means a communication that:

                     (a)  is not passing over a telecommunications system; and

                     (b)  is held on equipment that is operated by, and is in the possession of, a carrier; and

                     (c)  cannot be accessed on that equipment, by a person who is not a party to the communication, without the assistance of an employee of the carrier.

stored communications warrant means a warrant issued under Chapter 3.

stored communications warrant information has the meaning given by section 6EB.

subscriber means a person who rents or uses a telecommunications service.

telecommunications device means a terminal device that is capable of being used for transmitting or receiving a communication over a telecommunications system.

telecommunications network means a system, or series of systems, for carrying communications by means of guided or unguided electromagnetic energy or both, but does not include a system, or series of systems, for carrying communications solely by means of radiocommunication.

telecommunications number means the address used by a carrier for the purposes of directing a communication to its intended destination and identifying the origin of the communication, and includes:

                     (a)  a telephone number; and

                     (b)  a mobile telephone number; and

                     (c)  a unique identifier for a telecommunications device (for example, an electronic serial number or a Media Access Control address); and

                     (d)  a user account identifier; and

                     (e)  an internet protocol address; and

                      (f)  an email address.

telecommunications service means a service for carrying communications by means of guided or unguided electromagnetic energy or both, being a service the use of which enables communications to be carried over a telecommunications system operated by a carrier but not being a service for carrying communications solely by means of radiocommunication.

telecommunications service warrant means an interception warrant issued or to be issued under section 9, 11A, 46 or 48.

telecommunications system means:

                     (a)  a telecommunications network that is within Australia; or

                     (b)  a telecommunications network that is partly within Australia, but only to the extent that the network is within Australia;

and includes equipment, a line or other facility that is connected to such a network and is within Australia.

telephone application means an application made by telephone for a Part 2‑5 warrant or a stored communications warrant.

Territory does not include the Northern Territory.

Victorian Inspectorate means the Victorian Inspectorate established under the Victorian Inspectorate Act.

Victorian Inspectorate Act means the Victorian Inspectorate Act 2011 of Victoria.

Victorian Inspectorate officer means a person who is a Victorian Inspectorate Officer (within the meaning of the Victorian Inspectorate Act).

warrant means:

                     (a)  except in Chapter 2—an interception warrant or a stored communications warrant; or

                     (b)  in Chapter 2 (except in Part 2‑5)—an interception warrant (whether issued before or after the commencement of this definition); or

                     (c)  in Part 2‑5—a Part 2‑5 warrant.

working day means any day except:

                     (a)  a Saturday or a Sunday; or

                     (b)  a day that is a public holiday in any State or Territory.

             (2)  Where a telecommunications service is provided by a carrier for the use of an employee or employees of the carrier (not being a telecommunications service to which that person is the subscriber or those persons are subscribers), the carrier shall, for the purposes of this Act, be deemed to be the subscriber to that telecommunications service.

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, the question whether equipment, or a line or other facility, is connected to a telecommunications network is to be determined in the same manner as that question is determined for the purposes of the Telecommunications Act 1997.

             (4)  A reference in this Act to the Attorney‑General shall, at a time when the Attorney‑General is absent from Australia or when, by reason of illness of the Attorney‑General or for any other reason, the Director‑General of Security cannot readily communicate with the Attorney‑General, be read as including a reference to a Minister who has been authorized in writing by the Attorney‑General to perform the functions of the Attorney‑General under this Act at such a time.

          (4A)  A reference in this Act to an employee of a carrier includes a reference to a person who is engaged by the carrier or whose services are made available to the carrier.

          (4B)  A reference in this Act to an employee of a security authority includes a reference to a person who is engaged by the security authority or whose services are made available to the security authority.

             (5)  For the purposes of the definition of telecommunications system in subsection (1), a telecommunications network shall be taken to be within Australia to the extent that the network is used for the purpose of carrying communications:

                     (a)  over an earth‑based facility within Australia, or between earth‑based facilities within Australia;

                     (b)  from an earth‑based facility within Australia to a satellite‑based facility, but only to the extent that the next earth‑based facility to which the communications will be carried is an earth‑based facility within Australia;

                     (c)  from a satellite‑based facility to an earth‑based facility within Australia, but only to the extent that the last earth‑based facility from which the communications were carried was an earth‑based facility within Australia; and

                     (d)  over a satellite‑based facility, or between satellite‑based facilities, but only to the extent that:

                              (i)  the last earth‑based facility from which the communications were carried was an earth‑based facility within Australia; and

                             (ii)  the next earth‑based facility to which the communications will be carried is an earth‑based facility within Australia;

whether or not the communications originated in Australia, and whether or not the final destination of the communications is within Australia.

             (6)  For the purposes of the definition of foreign intelligence in subsection (1), Australia includes the external Territories.

5AA  Eligible Commonwealth authority declarations

                   The Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette, declare a Commonwealth Royal Commission to be an eligible Commonwealth authority for the purposes of this Act if the Minister is satisfied that the Royal Commission is likely to inquire into matters that may involve the commission of a prescribed offence.

5AB  Authorised officers

Authorised officers of an enforcement agency

             (1)  The head (however described) of an enforcement agency may, by writing, authorise a management office or management position in the enforcement agency for the purposes of subparagraph (b)(iii) of the definition of authorised officer in subsection 5(1).

Authorised officers of the Australian Federal Police

          (1A)  The Commissioner of Police may authorise, in writing, a senior executive AFP employee who is a member of the Australian Federal Police to be an authorised officer.

             (2)  A copy of an authorisation must be given to the Communications Access Coordinator:

                     (a)  in the case of an authorisation made under subsection (1)—by the head of the enforcement agency; and

                     (b)  in the case of an authorisation made under subsection (1A)—by the Commissioner of Police.

Authorisations are not legislative instruments

             (3)  An authorisation made under this section is not a legislative instrument.

5AC  Authorisation of certifying officers

             (1)  The Commissioner of Police may authorise, in writing, a senior executive AFP employee who is a member of the Australian Federal Police to be a certifying officer of the Australian Federal Police.

             (2)  The Integrity Commissioner may authorise, in writing, a staff member of ACLEI who is an SES employee to be a certifying officer of ACLEI.

             (3)  The Chief Executive Officer of the ACC may authorise, in writing, a member of the staff of the ACC who is an SES employee or acting SES employee to be a certifying officer of the ACC.

             (4)  The Commissioner of a Police Force of a State may authorise, in writing, an officer of the police force of the State whose rank is equivalent to that of a senior executive AFP employee who is a member of the Australian Federal Police to be a certifying officer of the Police Force of the State.

             (5)  The Commissioner of the Crime Commission may authorise, in writing, a member of the staff of the Crime Commission who occupies an office or position at an equivalent level to that of a senior executive officer within the meaning of the Public Sector Employment and Management Act 2002 of New South Wales to be a certifying officer of the Crime Commission.

             (6)  The Commissioner of the Independent Commission Against Corruption may authorise, in writing, an officer of the Independent Commission Against Corruption who occupies an office or position at an equivalent level to that of a senior executive officer within the meaning of the Public Sector Employment and Management Act 2002 of New South Wales to be a certifying officer of the Independent Commission Against Corruption.

             (7)  The Commissioner of the IBAC may authorise, in writing, an IBAC officer who occupies an office or position at an equivalent level to that of an executive (within the meaning of the Public Administration Act 2004 of Victoria) to be a certifying officer of the IBAC.

             (8)  The Commissioner of the Police Integrity Commission may authorise, in writing, a member of the staff of the Police Integrity Commission who occupies an office or position at an equivalent level to that of a senior executive officer within the meaning of the Public Sector Employment and Management Act 2002 of New South Wales to be a certifying officer of the Police Integrity Commission.

             (9)  The Commissioner of the Corruption and Crime Commission may authorise, in writing, an officer of the Corruption and Crime Commission who occupies an office or position at an equivalent level to that of a senior executive officer within the meaning of the Public Sector Management Act 1994 of Western Australia to be a certifying officer of the Corruption and Crime Commission.

          (9A)  The Independent Commissioner Against Corruption may authorise, in writing, a member of the staff of the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption who occupies an office or position at an equivalent level to that of an executive employee (within the meaning of the Public Sector Act 2009 of South Australia) to be a certifying officer of the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption.

           (10)  The chief executive officer of any other agency may authorise, in writing, an officer of the agency (by whatever name called) who holds, or is acting in, an office or position in the agency which is involved in the management of the agency to be a certifying officer of the agency.

5AD  Authorisation of certifying person

                   The Director‑General of Security may authorise, in writing, a senior position‑holder (within the meaning of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979) to be a certifying person.

5AE  Authorisation of members of the staff of a Commonwealth Royal Commission

                   A sole Commissioner or a member of a Commonwealth Royal Commission may authorise, in writing, a person assisting the Commission to be a member of the staff of the Commission for the purposes of this Act.

5A  Communicating etc. certain information

                   For the purposes of this Act, a person who gives to another person, makes use of, makes a record of, or produces in evidence in a proceeding, a record (in this section called the relevant record) obtained by an interception, whether or not in contravention of subsection 7(1), of a communication shall be taken to communicate to the other person, make use of, make a record of, or give in evidence in that proceeding, as the case may be, so much of the information obtained by the interception as can be derived from the relevant record.

5B  Exempt proceedings

             (1)  A reference in this Act to an exempt proceeding is a reference to:

                     (a)  a proceeding by way of a prosecution for a prescribed offence; or

                     (b)  a proceeding for the confiscation or forfeiture of property, or for the imposition of a pecuniary penalty, in connection with the commission of a prescribed offence; or

                   (ba)  a proceeding under the Spam Act 2003; or

                   (bb)  a proceeding under, or a proceeding relating to a matter arising under, Division 104 of the Criminal Code; or

                   (bc)  a proceeding under, or a proceeding relating to a matter arising under, Division 105 of the Criminal Code, so far as the proceeding relates to a preventative detention order; or

                     (c)  a proceeding for the taking of evidence pursuant to section 43 of the Extradition Act 1988, in so far as the proceeding relates to a prescribed offence; or

                    (ca)  a proceeding under, or a proceeding relating to a matter arising under, an organised crime control law; or

                     (d)  a proceeding for the extradition of a person from a State or Territory to another State or Territory, in so far as the proceeding relates to a prescribed offence; or

                   (da)  a proceeding by way of a coroner’s inquest if, in the opinion of the coroner, the event that is the subject of the inquest may have resulted from the commission of a prescribed offence; or

                     (e)  a police disciplinary proceeding; or

                    (ea)  a proceeding in so far as it relates to:

                              (i)  a decision by the Commissioner of Police to terminate the employment of an AFP employee or the appointment of a special member of the Australian Federal Police; or

                             (ii)  a decision by the Commissioner of a Police Force of a State to terminate the appointment of an officer or member of staff of that Police Force; or

                   (eb)  a proceeding in so far as it is, or relates to, disciplinary or legal action (within the meaning of section 6S) that is in relation to an eligible staff member (within the meaning of that section) of the Australian Federal Police or the ACC; or

                      (f)  any other proceeding (not being a proceeding by way of a prosecution for an offence) in so far as it relates to alleged misbehaviour, or alleged improper conduct, of an officer of the Commonwealth or of a State; or

                     (g)  a proceeding for the recovery of an amount due to a carrier in connection with the supply of a telecommunications service;

                     (h)  a proceeding under section 13 of the Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Act 1987 in relation to a criminal matter (within the meaning of that Act) that concerns an offence, against the laws of the foreign country that made the request resulting in the proceeding, that is punishable by imprisonment for life or for a period, or maximum period, of at least 3 years; or

                  (haa)  a proceeding under Division 5 of Part 4 of the International Criminal Court Act 2002; or

                 (hab)  a proceeding before the International Criminal Court sitting in Australia under Part 5 of the International Criminal Court Act 2002; or

                   (ha)  a proceeding of an eligible Commonwealth authority; or

                   (hb)  a proceeding of the Independent Commission Against Corruption; or

                   (hc)  a proceeding of the Inspector of the Independent Commission Against Corruption; or

                   (hd)  a proceeding in relation to an application under subsection 34B(1) of the Australian Crime Commission Act 2002 in respect of contempt of the Australian Crime Commission; or

                      (i)  a proceeding of the IBAC; or

                   (iaa)  a proceeding of the Victorian Inspectorate; or

                    (ia)  a proceeding of the Corruption and Crime Commission; or

                    (ib)  a proceeding of the Parliamentary Inspector of the Corruption and Crime Commission; or

                      (j)  a proceeding under Division 1 of Part 4 of the International War Crimes Tribunals Act 1995; or

                     (k)  a proceeding of the Police Integrity Commission; or

                   (ka)  a proceeding of the Inspector of the Police Integrity Commission; or

                   (kb)  a proceeding of the Crime and Corruption Commission; or

                   (kc)  a proceeding of the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption; or

                      (l)  a proceeding by way of a bail application if the application relates to a proceeding by way of a prosecution for a prescribed offence; or

                    (m)  a proceeding by way of review of a decision to refuse such a bail application; or

                     (n)  a proceeding by way of a review of a decision to grant such a bail application.

Note:          Paragraphs (l), (m) and (n) were inserted as a response to the decision of the Court of Appeal of New South Wales in Director of Public Prosecutions v Serratore (1995) 132 ALR 461.

             (2)  Without limiting subsection (1), a reference in Chapter 3 to an exempt proceeding includes a reference to:

                     (a)  a proceeding by way of a prosecution for an offence punishable:

                              (i)  by imprisonment for a period, or a maximum period, of at least 12 months; or

                             (ii)  by a fine, or a maximum fine, of at least 60 penalty units if the offence is committed by an individual; or

                            (iii)  if the offence cannot be committed by an individual—by a fine, or a maximum fine, of at least 300 penalty units; or

                     (b)  a proceeding for the confiscation or forfeiture of property, or for the imposition of a pecuniary penalty, in connection with the commission of such an offence; or

                     (c)  a proceeding for the taking of evidence pursuant to section 43 of the Extradition Act 1988, in so far as the proceeding relates to such an offence; or

                     (d)  a proceeding for the extradition of a person from a State or Territory to another State or Territory, in so far as the proceeding relates to such an offence; or

                     (e)  a proceeding by way of a coroner’s inquest if, in the opinion of the coroner, the event that is the subject of the inquest may have resulted from the commission of such an offence; or

                      (f)  a proceeding for recovery of a pecuniary penalty for a contravention that would, if proved, render the person committing the contravention liable to:

                              (i)  a pecuniary penalty, or a maximum pecuniary penalty, of at least 60 penalty units if the contravention is committed by an individual; or

                             (ii)  if the contravention cannot be committed by an individual—a pecuniary penalty, or a maximum pecuniary penalty, of at least 300 penalty units.

5C  Information or question relevant to inspection by Ombudsman

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, information or a question is relevant to an inspection under Part 2‑7 or Chapter 4A of an agency’s records if the information or question is about:

                     (a)  in any case:

                              (i)  the location;

                             (ii)  the making, compilation or keeping; or

                            (iii)  the accuracy or completeness;

                            of any of those records;

                     (b)  in any case—any matter to which any of those records relates; or

                     (c)  if the Ombudsman suspects on reasonable grounds that an officer of the agency has contravened this Act—any matter relating to the suspected contravention.

             (2)  Nothing in subsection (1) limits the generality of a reference in this Act to information, or to a question, that is relevant to an inspection of an agency’s records.

5D  Serious offences

General types of serious offences

             (1)  An offence is a serious offence if it is:

                     (a)  a murder, or an offence of a kind equivalent to murder; or

                     (b)  a kidnapping, or an offence of a kind equivalent to kidnapping; or

                     (c)  an offence against Division 307 of the Criminal Code; or

                     (d)  an offence constituted by conduct involving an act or acts of terrorism; or

                     (e)  an offence against:

                              (i)  Subdivision A of Division 72 of the Criminal Code; or

                            (ia)  Subdivision B of Division 80 of the Criminal Code; or

                            (ib)  section 80.2C of the Criminal Code; or

                             (ii)  Division 101 of the Criminal Code; or

                            (iii)  Division 102 of the Criminal Code; or

                            (iv)  Division 103 of the Criminal Code; or

                             (v)  section 104.27 of the Criminal Code; or

                            (vi)  Division 119 of the Criminal Code; or

                      (f)  except for the purposes of an application for a warrant by an agency other than the ACC, an offence in relation to which the ACC is conducting a special investigation.

             (2)  An offence is also a serious offence if:

                     (a)  it is an offence punishable by imprisonment for life or for a period, or maximum period, of at least 7 years; and

                     (b)  the particular conduct constituting the offence involved, involves or would involve, as the case requires:

                              (i)  loss of a person’s life or serious risk of loss of a person’s life; or

                             (ii)  serious personal injury or serious risk of serious personal injury; or

                            (iii)  serious damage to property in circumstances endangering the safety of a person; or

                          (iiia)  serious arson; or

                            (iv)  trafficking in prescribed substances; or

                             (v)  serious fraud; or

                            (vi)  serious loss to the revenue of the Commonwealth, a State or the Australian Capital Territory; or

                           (vii)  bribery or corruption of, or by:

                                        (A)  an officer of the Commonwealth; or

                                        (B)  an officer of a State; or

                                        (C)  an officer of a Territory; or

Offences involving planning and organisation

             (3)  An offence is also a serious offence if it is an offence punishable by imprisonment for life or for a period, or maximum period, of at least 7 years, where the offence:

                     (a)  involves 2 or more offenders and substantial planning and organisation; and

                     (b)  involves, or is of a kind that ordinarily involves, the use of sophisticated methods and techniques; and

                     (c)  is committed, or is of a kind that is ordinarily committed, in conjunction with other offences of a like kind; and

                     (d)  consists of, or involves, any of the following:

                              (i)  theft;

                             (ii)  handling of stolen goods;

                            (iii)  tax evasion;

                            (iv)  currency violations;

                             (v)  extortion;

                            (vi)  bribery or corruption of, or by:

                                        (A)  an officer of the Commonwealth; or

                                        (B)  an officer of a State; or

                                        (C)  an officer of a Territory;

                           (vii)  bankruptcy violations;

                          (viii)  company violations;

                            (ix)  harbouring criminals;

                             (x)  dealings in firearms or armaments;

                            (xi)  a sexual offence against a person who is under 16;

                           (xii)  an immigration offence.

Offences relating to criminal groups

       (3AA)  An offence is also a serious offence if it is an offence against section 93T of the Crimes Act 1900 of New South Wales.

Offences relating to people smuggling, slavery, sexual servitude, deceptive recruiting and trafficking in persons etc.

          (3A)  An offence is also a serious offence if it is an offence against:

                     (a)  any of the following provisions of the Criminal Code:

                              (i)  section 73.1, 73.2, 73.3, 73.3A, 73.8, 73.9, 73.10 or 73.11;

                             (ii)  section 270.3, 270.5, 270.6A, 270.7, 270.7B or 270.8 (slavery or slavery‑like conditions);

                            (iii)  section 271.2, 271.3, 271.4, 271.5, 271.6 or 271.7 (trafficking in persons);

                            (iv)  section 271.7B, 271.7C, 271.7D or 271.7E (organ trafficking);

                             (v)  section 271.7F or 271.7G (harbouring victims);

                            (vi)  section 271.8 or 271.9 (debt bondage); or

                     (b)  section 233A, 233B, 233C, 233D, 233E, 234 or 234A of the Migration Act 1958.

Sexual offences against children and offences involving child pornography

          (3B)  An offence is also a serious offence if:

                     (a)  it is an offence against Division 272 or 273, Subdivision B or C of Division 471, or Subdivision D or F of Division 474, of the Criminal Code; or

                     (b)  the particular conduct constituting the offence otherwise involved, involves or would involve:

                              (i)  the production, publication, possession, supply or sale of, or other dealing in, child pornography; or

                             (ii)  consenting to or procuring the employment of a child, or employing a child, in connection with child pornography.

Money laundering offences etc.

             (4)  An offence is also a serious offence if it is an offence against any of the following provisions:

                     (a)  Part 10.2 of the Criminal Code (other than section 400.9);

                    (aa)  section 135.3 of the Criminal Code;

                     (b)  Division 1A of Part IV of the Crimes Act 1900 of New South Wales;

                     (c)  section 194, 195 or 195A of the Crimes Act 1958 of Victoria;

                     (d)  section 64 of the Crimes (Confiscation of Profits) Act 1989 of Queensland;

                     (e)  section 563A of The Criminal Code of Western Australia;

                      (f)  section 138 of the Criminal Law Consolidation Act 1935 of South Australia;

                     (g)  section 67 of the Crime (Confiscation of Profits) Act 1993 of Tasmania;

                     (h)  section 74 of the Proceeds of Crime Act 1991 of the Australian Capital Territory;

                      (i)  Division 3A of Part VII of Schedule I to the Criminal Code Act of the Northern Territory.

Cybercrime offences etc.

             (5)  An offence is also a serious offence if it is an offence against any of the following provisions:

                     (a)  Part 10.7 of the Criminal Code;

                     (b)  section 308C, 308D, 308E, 308F, 308G, 308H or 308I of the Crimes Act 1900 of New South Wales;

                     (c)  section 247B, 247C, 247D, 247E, 247F, 247G or 247H of the Crimes Act 1958 of Victoria;

                     (d)  a provision of a law of a State (other than New South Wales or Victoria) that corresponds to a provision covered by paragraph (a), (b) or (c);

                     (e)  a provision of a law of a Territory that corresponds to a provision covered by paragraph (a), (b) or (c);

                      (f)  section 440A of The Criminal Code of Western Australia.

Serious drug offences

          (5A)  An offence is also a serious offence if it is an offence against Part 9.1 of the Criminal Code (other than section 308.1 or 308.2).

Cartel offences

          (5B)  An offence is also a serious offence if it is:

                     (a)  an offence against section 44ZZRF or 44ZZRG of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010; or

                     (b)  an offence under subsection 79(1) of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 that relates to an offence covered by paragraph (a); or

                     (c)  an offence against section 44ZZRF or 44ZZRG of the text set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1 to the Competition and Consumer Act 2010, so far as that section applies as a law of a State, the Northern Territory or the Australian Capital Territory; or

                     (d)  an offence under subsection 79(1) of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (so far as that subsection applies as a law of a State, the Northern Territory or the Australian Capital Territory) that relates to an offence covered by paragraph (c).

Note:          Offences covered by paragraph (c) or (d) form part of the Competition Code of the State or Territory concerned.

Market misconduct

          (5C)  An offence is also a serious offence if it is an offence against any of the following provisions of the Corporations Act 2001:

                     (a)  section 1041A;

                     (b)  subsection 1041B(1);

                     (c)  subsection 1041C(1);

                     (d)  section 1041D;

                     (e)  subsection 1041E(1);

                      (f)  subsection 1041F(1);

                     (g)  subsection 1041G(1);

                     (h)  subsection 1043A(1);

                      (i)  subsection 1043A(2).

Offences connected with other serious offences

             (6)  An offence is also a serious offence if it is an offence constituted by:

                     (a)  aiding, abetting, counselling or procuring the commission of; or

                     (b)  being, by act or omission, in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, the commission of; or

                     (c)  conspiring to commit;

an offence that is a serious offence under any of the preceding subsections.

             (7)  An offence is also a serious offence if it is an offence constituted by receiving or assisting a person who is, to the offender’s knowledge, guilty of a serious offence mentioned in subsection (1), in order to enable the person to escape punishment or to dispose of the proceeds of the offence.

             (8)  An offence is also a serious offence if it is an offence against any of the following provisions:

                     (a)  section 131.1, 135.1, 142.1 or 142.2, subsection 148.2(3), or section 268.112 of the Criminal Code;

                     (b)  section 35, 36, 36A, 37, 39, 41, 42, 43, 46, 46A or 47 of the Crimes Act 1914.

Offences relating to criminal associations and organisations

          (8A)  An offence is also a serious offence if it is an offence against Division 390 of the Criminal Code.

Offences relating to criminal organisations

             (9)  An offence is also a serious offence if:

                     (a)  the particular conduct constituting the offence involved, involves or would involve, as the case requires:

                              (i)  associating with a criminal organisation, or a member of a criminal organisation; or

                             (ii)  contributing to the activities of a criminal organisation; or

                            (iii)  aiding, abetting, counselling or procuring the commission of a prescribed offence for a criminal organisation; or

                            (iv)  being, by act or omission, in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, the commission of a prescribed offence for a criminal organisation; or

                             (v)  conspiring to commit a prescribed offence for a criminal organisation; and

                     (b)  if the offence is covered by subparagraph (a)(i)—the conduct constituting the offence was engaged in, or is reasonably suspected of having been engaged in, for the purpose of supporting the commission of one or more prescribed offences by the organisation or its members; and

                     (c)  if the offence is covered by subparagraph (a)(ii)—the conduct constituting the offence was engaged in, or is reasonably suspected of having been engaged in, for the purpose of enhancing the ability of the organisation or its members to commit or facilitate the commission of one or more prescribed offences.

5E  Serious contraventions

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a serious contravention is a contravention of a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory that:

                     (a)  is a serious offence; or

                     (b)  is an offence punishable:

                              (i)  by imprisonment for a period, or a maximum period, of at least 3 years; or

                             (ii)  if the offence is committed by an individual—by a fine, or a maximum fine, of at least 180 penalty units; or

                            (iii)  if the offence cannot be committed by an individual—by a fine, or a maximum fine, of at least 900 penalty units; or

                     (c)  could, if established, render the person committing the contravention liable:

                              (i)  if the contravention were committed by an individual—to pay a pecuniary penalty of 180 penalty units or more, or to pay an amount that is the monetary equivalent of 180 penalty units or more; or

                             (ii)  if the contravention cannot be committed by an individual—to pay a pecuniary penalty of 900 penalty units or more, or to pay an amount that is the monetary equivalent of 900 penalty units or more.

             (2)  Except so far as the contrary intention appears, a contravention, or a contravention of a particular kind, is taken, for the purposes of this Act, to be a contravention, or to be a contravention of that kind, as the case may be, that:

                     (a)  has been committed or is being committed; or

                     (b)  is suspected on reasonable grounds of having been committed, of being committed or of being likely to be committed.

             (3)  To avoid doubt, a reference in this section to a number of penalty units in relation to a contravention of a law of a State or a Territory includes a reference to an amount of a fine or pecuniary penalty that is equivalent, under section 4AA of the Crimes Act 1914, to that number of penalty units.

5EA  Serious foreign contraventions

                   For the purposes of this Act, a serious foreign contravention is a contravention of a law of a foreign country that is punishable by a maximum penalty of:

                     (a)  imprisonment for 3 years or more, imprisonment for life or the death penalty; or

                     (b)  a fine of an amount that is at least equivalent to 900 penalty units.

5F  When a communication is passing over a telecommunications system

                   For the purposes of this Act, a communication:

                     (a)  is taken to start passing over a telecommunications system when it is sent or transmitted by the person sending the communication; and

                     (b)  is taken to continue to pass over the system until it becomes accessible to the intended recipient of the communication.

5G  The intended recipient of a communication

                   For the purposes of this Act, the intended recipient of a communication is:

                     (a)  if the communication is addressed to an individual (either in the individual’s own capacity or in the capacity of an employee or agent of another person)—the individual; or

                     (b)  if the communication is addressed to a person who is not an individual—the person; or

                     (c)  if the communication is not addressed to a person—the person who has, or whose employee or agent has, control over the telecommunications service to which the communication is sent.

5H  When a communication is accessible to the intended recipient

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a communication is accessible to its intended recipient if it:

                     (a)  has been received by the telecommunications service provided to the intended recipient; or

                     (b)  is under the control of the intended recipient; or

                     (c)  has been delivered to the telecommunications service provided to the intended recipient.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not limit the circumstances in which a communication may be taken to be accessible to its intended recipient for the purposes of this Act.

6  Interception of a communication

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, but subject to this section, interception of a communication passing over a telecommunications system consists of listening to or recording, by any means, such a communication in its passage over that telecommunications system without the knowledge of the person making the communication.

Communications to or from emergency service facilities

          (2A)  An emergency service facility is premises that are declared by the Minister, by written instrument, to be an emergency service facility.

          (2B)  The Minister may declare premises to be an emergency service facility if the Minister is satisfied that the premises are operated by:

                     (a)  a police force or service of the Commonwealth, of a State or of the Australian Capital Territory; or

                     (b)  a fire service of a State or of the Australian Capital Territory; or

                     (c)  an ambulance service of a State or of the Australian Capital Territory; or

                     (d)  a service for despatching, or referring matters for the attention of, a force or service referred to in paragraph (a), (b) or (c);

to enable that force or service, or another force or service, to deal with a request for assistance in an emergency.

          (2C)  A declaration by the Minister under subsection (2B) is not a legislative instrument for the purposes of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

          (2D)  If the Minister makes a declaration under subsection (2B), the Minister must, by legislative instrument, specify:

                     (a)  the name of the force or service operating the premises to which the declaration relates; and

                     (b)  the geographical region in which those premises are located.

          (2E)  If a House of the Parliament disallows, in accordance with section 42 of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003, a legislative instrument made under subsection (2D), the declaration to which the instrument relates is taken to have been revoked at the time of the disallowance.

           (2F)  If a person who is lawfully engaged in duties relating to the receiving and handling of communications to or from an emergency service facility listens to or records a communication passing over a telecommunications system to or from the emergency service facility, the listening or recording does not, for the purposes of this Act, constitute an interception of the communication.

          (2G)  Subsection (2F) only applies in relation to an emergency service facility if signs notifying persons that communications to or from the facility may be listened to or recorded are clearly visible at each entrance to the facility.

          (2H)  If:

                     (a)  an inspector under section 267 of the Radiocommunications Act 1992 is lawfully engaged in performing spectrum management functions of the Australian Communications and Media Authority under the Australian Communications and Media Authority Act 2005 or the Radiocommunications Act 1992; and

                     (b)  while performing those spectrum management functions, the inspector incidentally listens to or records a communication passing over a telecommunications system;

the listening or recording does not, for the purposes of this Act, constitute an interception of the communication.

Communications to publicly‑listed ASIO numbers

             (3)  A publicly‑listed ASIO number is a telephone number that:

                     (a)  enables members of the public to contact the Organisation; and

                     (b)  is listed in:

                              (i)  a telephone directory; or

                             (ii)  a telephone number database;

                            that is available to the public.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a person makes a call to a publicly‑listed ASIO number; and

                     (b)  another person who is lawfully engaged in duties relating to the receiving and handling of communications to that number listens to or records a communication passing over a telecommunications system in the course of that call;

the listening or recording does not, for the purposes of this Act, constitute the interception of the communication.

6AAA  When a computer network is appropriately used by an employee etc. of a Commonwealth agency etc.

                   For the purposes of this Act, if a computer network is operated by, or on behalf of, a Commonwealth agency, security authority or eligible authority of a State, the network is appropriately used by an employee, office holder or contractor of the agency or authority if:

                     (a)  the employee, office holder or contractor has undertaken, in writing, to use the network in accordance with any conditions specified, in writing, by the agency or authority; and

                     (b)  those conditions are reasonable; and

                     (c)  the employee, office holder or contractor complies with those conditions when using the network.

6AA  Accessing a stored communication

                   For the purposes of this Act, accessing a stored communication consists of listening to, reading or recording such a communication, by means of equipment operated by a carrier, without the knowledge of the intended recipient of the communication.

6A  Investigation of an offence

             (1)  A reference in this Act to the investigation by an agency, or by an eligible authority of a State, of an offence is a reference to:

                     (a)  in the case of the Australian Federal Police—an investigation of that offence, in the course of the performance by the Australian Federal Police of its functions, by members of the Australian Federal Police;

                     (b)  in the case of a Police Force of a State—an investigation of that offence, in the course of the performance by that Police Force of its functions, by officers of that Police Force; or

                     (c)  in the case of the following eligible authorities or agencies, a prescribed investigation, in so far as it relates to that offence:

                            (ia)  the Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity;

                              (i)  the ACC;

                             (ii)  the Crime Commission;

                            (iii)  the Crime and Corruption Commission;

                             (v)  the Independent Commission Against Corruption;

                           (va)  the Inspector of the Independent Commission Against Corruption;

                            (vi)  the Police Integrity Commission;

                           (vii)  the Inspector of the Police Integrity Commission;

                          (viii)  the IBAC;

                            (ix)  the Victorian Inspectorate;

                             (x)  the Corruption and Crime Commission;

                            (xi)  the Parliamentary Inspector of the Corruption and Crime Commission;

                           (xii)  the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption.

             (2)  A reference in this Act to an investigation, in relation to an offence, is, in the case of an offence that is suspected on reasonable grounds of being likely to be committed, a reference to the investigation of the likely commission of that offence.

6B  Involvement in an offence

                   For the purposes of this Act, a person shall be taken to be involved in an offence if, and only if, the person:

                     (a)  has committed, or is committing, the offence; or

                     (b)  is suspected on reasonable grounds of having committed, of committing, or of being likely to commit, the offence.

6C  Issue of warrant to agency or eligible authority

                   For the purposes of this Act, a warrant issued on an application by an agency or an officer of an agency, or on an application by an eligible authority of a State, shall be taken to be issued to that agency or eligible authority, as the case may be.

6D  Judges

             (1)  In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:

eligible Judge means a Judge in relation to whom a consent under subsection (2) and a declaration under subsection (3) are in force.

Judge means a person who is a Judge of a court created by the Parliament.

             (2)  A Judge may by writing consent to be nominated by the Minister under subsection (3).

             (3)  The Minister may by writing declare Judges in relation to whom consents are in force under subsection (2) to be eligible Judges for the purposes of this Act.

             (4)  An eligible Judge has, in relation to the performance or exercise of a function or power conferred on an eligible Judge by this Act, the same protection and immunity as a Justice of the High Court has in relation to proceedings in the High Court.

6DA  Nominated AAT members

             (1)  The Minister may, by writing, nominate a person who holds one of the following appointments to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal to issue warrants under Part 2‑5 or 3‑3:

                     (a)  Deputy President;

                     (b)  senior member (of any level);

                     (c)  member (of any level).

             (2)  Despite subsection (1), the Minister must not nominate a person who holds an appointment as a part‑time senior member or a member of the Tribunal unless the person:

                     (a)  is enrolled as a legal practitioner of the High Court, of another federal court or of the Supreme Court of a State or of the Australian Capital Territory; and

                     (b)  has been so enrolled for not less than 5 years.

             (3)  A nomination ceases to have effect if:

                     (a)  the nominated AAT member ceases to hold an appointment of a kind set out in subsection (1); or

                     (b)  the Minister, by writing, withdraws the nomination.

             (4)  A nominated AAT member has, in performing a function of or connected with, issuing a warrant under Part 2‑5 or 3‑3, the same protection and immunity as a Justice of the High Court has in relation to proceedings in the High Court.

6DB  Issuing authorities

             (1)  The Minister may, by writing, appoint as an issuing authority:

                     (a)  a person who is:

                              (i)  a judge of a court created by the Parliament; or

                            (iii)  a magistrate;

                            and in relation to whom a consent under subsection (2) is in force; or

                     (b)  a person who:

                              (i)  holds an appointment to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal as Deputy President, senior member (of any level) or member (of any level); and

                             (ii)  is enrolled as a legal practitioner of a federal court or of the Supreme Court of a State or a Territory; and

                            (iii)  has been enrolled for at least 5 years.

             (2)  A person who is:

                     (a)  a judge of a court created by the Parliament; or

                     (c)  a magistrate;

may, by writing, consent to be appointed by the Minister under subsection (1).

             (3)  A person’s appointment ceases to have effect if:

                     (a)  the person ceases to be a person whom the Minister could appoint under this section; or

                     (b)  the Minister, by writing, revokes the appointment.

             (4)  An issuing authority has, in relation to the performance or exercise of a function or power conferred on an issuing authority by this Act, the same protection and immunity as a Justice of the High Court has in relation to proceedings in the High Court.

6DC  Part 4‑1 issuing authorities

             (1)  The Minister may, by writing, appoint as a Part 4‑1 issuing authority:

                     (a)  a person who is:

                              (i)  a judge of a court created by the Parliament; or

                            (iii)  a magistrate;

                            and in relation to whom a consent under subsection (2) is in force; or

                     (b)  a person who:

                              (i)  holds an appointment to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal as Deputy President, full‑time senior member, part‑time senior member or member; and

                             (ii)  is enrolled as a legal practitioner of a federal court or of the Supreme Court of a State or a Territory; and

                            (iii)  has been enrolled for at least 5 years.

             (2)  A person who is:

                     (a)  a judge of a court created by the Parliament; or

                     (b)  a magistrate;

may, by writing, consent to be appointed by the Minister under subsection (1).

             (3)  A person’s appointment ceases to have effect if:

                     (a)  the person ceases to be a person whom the Minister could appoint under this section; or

                     (b)  the Minister, by writing, revokes the appointment.

             (4)  A Part 4‑1 issuing authority has, in relation to the performance or exercise of a function or power conferred on a Part 4‑1 issuing authority by this Act, the same protection and immunity as a Justice of the High Court has in relation to proceedings in the High Court.

6E  Lawfully intercepted information

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), a reference in this Act to lawfully intercepted information is a reference to information obtained (whether before or after the commencement of this section) by intercepting, otherwise than in contravention of subsection 7(1), a communication passing over a telecommunications system.

             (2)  A reference in this Act to lawfully intercepted information that was originally obtained by an agency, or by an eligible authority of a State, is a reference to:

                     (a)  information obtained, whether before or after the commencement of this section, by intercepting a communication under a warrant issued to the agency or authority; or

                     (b)  information communicated to the agency or authority in accordance with section 65A or 63E.

6EA  Interception warrant information

                   A reference in this Act to interception warrant information is a reference to:

                     (a)  information about any of the following:

                              (i)  an application for an interception warrant;

                             (ii)  the issue of an interception warrant;

                            (iii)  the existence or non‑existence of an interception warrant;

                            (iv)  the expiry of an interception warrant; or

                     (b)  any other information that is likely to enable the identification of:

                              (i)  the telecommunications service to which an interception warrant relates; or

                             (ii)  a person specified in an interception warrant as a person using or likely to use the telecommunications service to which the warrant relates.

6EAA  Preservation notice information

                   A reference in this Act to preservation notice information is a reference to:

                     (a)  information about any of the following:

                              (i)  the giving of a preservation notice;

                             (ii)  for a foreign preservation notice—the making of a request under section 107P to preserve stored communications covered by the notice;

                            (iii)  the existence or non‑existence of a preservation notice;

                            (iv)  the expiry of a preservation notice; or

                     (b)  any other information that is likely to enable the identification of:

                              (i)  the person or telecommunications service specified in a preservation notice; or

                             (ii)  the person or telecommunications service to which a preservation notice relates.

6EB  Stored communications warrant information

                   A reference in this Act to stored communications warrant information is a reference to:

                     (a)  information about any of the following:

                              (i)  an application for a stored communications warrant;

                             (ii)  the issue of a stored communications warrant;

                            (iii)  the existence or non‑existence of a stored communications warrant;

                            (iv)  the expiry of a stored communications warrant; or

                     (b)  any other information that is likely to enable the identification of:

                              (i)  the telecommunications service to which a stored communications warrant relates; or

                             (ii)  a person specified in a stored communications warrant as a person using or likely to use the telecommunications service to which the warrant relates.

6F  Offences

                   Except so far as the contrary intention appears, a reference in this Act to an offence, or to an offence of a particular kind, is a reference to an offence, or to an offence of that kind, as the case may be, that:

                     (a)  has been committed or is being committed; or

                     (b)  is suspected on reasonable grounds of having been committed, of being committed or of being likely to be committed.

6G  Officer of the Commonwealth, of a State or of a Territory

             (1)  A reference in this Act to an officer of the Commonwealth includes a reference to:

                     (a)  a person holding, or acting in, an office (including a judicial office) or appointment, or employed, under a law of the Commonwealth;

                     (b)  a person who is, or is a member of, an authority or body established for a public purpose by or under a law of the Commonwealth, or is an officer or employee of such an authority or body; and

                     (c)  an officer of the Australian Capital Territory;

but does not include a reference to an officer of the Northern Territory or of an external Territory.

             (2)  A reference in this Act to an officer of a State includes a reference to:

                     (a)  a person holding, or acting in, an office (including a judicial office) or appointment, or employed, under a law of the State; and

                     (b)  a person who is, or is a member of, an authority or body established for a public purpose by or under a law of the State, or is an officer or employee of such an authority or body.

             (3)  A reference in this Act to an officer of a Territory includes a reference to:

                     (a)  a person holding, or acting in, an office (including a judicial office) or appointment, or employed, under a law of the Territory; and

                     (b)  a person who is, or is a member of, an authority or body established for a public purpose by or under a law of the Territory, or is an officer or employee of such an authority or body.

6H  Person to whom application relates

                   For the purposes of this Act, an application by an agency to a Judge or nominated AAT member for a warrant relates to a particular person if, and only if, information has been, or is proposed to be, given to the Judge or nominated AAT member under Part 2‑5, in connection with the application, in order to satisfy the Judge or nominated AAT member, in relation to the person, of the matters referred to in:

                     (a)  in the case of a warrant under section 48—paragraphs 46(1)(c) and (d); or

                     (b)  in the case of any other Part 2‑5 warrant—paragraphs 46(1)(c) and (d) or 46A(1)(c) and (d), as the case requires; or

                     (c)  in the case of a stored communications warrant—subparagraph 116(1)(d)(i) or (ii), as the case requires.

6J  Proceeding by way of a prosecution for an offence

                   A reference in this Act to a proceeding by way of a prosecution for an offence includes a reference to a proceeding with a view to the committal of a person for trial for the offence.

6K  Proceeding for confiscation or forfeiture or for pecuniary penalty

                   A reference in this Act to a proceeding, or to a proceeding under a law of the Commonwealth, for the confiscation or forfeiture of property, or for the imposition of a pecuniary penalty, in connection with the commission of a prescribed offence includes a reference to:

                     (a)  a proceeding for the condemnation or recovery of a ship or aircraft, or of goods, seized under section 203 of the Customs Act 1901 in connection with the commission of an offence against:

                              (i)  subsection 50(7) or subsection 112(2BC) of the Customs Act 1901; or

                             (ii)  Division 307 of the Criminal Code; and

                     (b)  a proceeding by way of an application for an order under subsection 243B(1) of the Customs Act 1901; and

                     (c)  a proceeding by way of an application for a restraining order, or an order that is ancillary to a restraining order, under a prescribed Act of the Commonwealth, a State or the Australian Capital Territory.

6L  Relevant proceeding

             (1)  A reference in this Act, in relation to an agency, or an eligible authority of a State, to a relevant proceeding is, in the case of the Australian Federal Police or a Police Force of a State, a reference to:

                     (a)  a proceeding by way of a prosecution for a prescribed offence that is an offence against a law of the Commonwealth, or of that State, as the case may be; or

                     (b)  a proceeding under a law of the Commonwealth, or of that State, as the case may be, for the confiscation or forfeiture of property, or for the imposition of a pecuniary penalty, in connection with the commission of a prescribed offence; or

                     (c)  a proceeding for the taking of evidence as mentioned in paragraph 5B(1)(c), in so far as the proceeding relates to:

                              (i)  a prescribed offence; or

                             (ii)  a prescribed offence that is an offence against a law of that State;

                            as the case may be; or

                    (ca)  a proceeding under, or in relation to a matter arising under, an organised crime control law of that State; or

                     (d)  a proceeding for the extradition of a person as mentioned in paragraph 5B(1)(d), in so far as the proceeding relates to a prescribed offence that is an offence against a law of the Commonwealth, or of that State, as the case may be; or

                     (e)  a police disciplinary proceeding that is a proceeding against a member of the Australian Federal Police, or of that Police Force, as the case may be; or

                    (ea)  in the case of the Australian Federal Police:

                              (i)  a proceeding against an AFP employee in so far as the proceeding relates to a decision by the Commissioner of Police to terminate the employment of the employee; or

                             (ii)  a proceeding against a special member of the Australian Federal Police in so far as the proceeding relates to a decision by the Commissioner of Police to terminate the appointment of the member; or

                   (eb)  in the case of a Police Force of a State—a proceeding against an officer or member of staff of that Police Force in so far as the proceeding relates to a decision by the Commissioner of that Police Force to terminate the appointment of the officer or member of staff; or

                      (f)  any other proceeding (not being a proceeding by way of a prosecution for an offence) in so far as it relates to alleged misbehaviour, or alleged improper conduct, of an officer of the Commonwealth, or of that State, as the case may be.

             (2)  A reference in this Act, in relation to an agency, or an eligible authority of a State, to a relevant proceeding is:

                     (a)  in the case of the Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity or the ACC—a reference to:

                              (i)  a proceeding by way of a prosecution for a prescribed offence to which a prescribed investigation relates or related; or

                             (ii)  a proceeding under a law of the Commonwealth or a State for the confiscation or forfeiture of property, or for the imposition of a pecuniary penalty, in connection with the commission of a prescribed offence to which a prescribed investigation relates or related; or

                     (b)  in the case of the Crime Commission, the Independent Commission Against Corruption, the Inspector of the Independent Commission Against Corruption, the Police Integrity Commission or the Inspector of the Police Integrity Commission—a reference to a proceeding by way of a prosecution for a prescribed offence:

                              (i)  that is an offence against the law of New South Wales; and

                             (ii)  to which a prescribed investigation relates or related; or

                   (ba)  in the case of the IBAC or the Victorian Inspectorate—a reference to a proceeding by way of a prosecution for a prescribed offence:

                              (i)  that is an offence against the law of Victoria; and

                             (ii)  to which a prescribed investigation relates or related; or

                     (c)  in the case of the Crime and Corruption Commission—a reference to:

                              (i)  a proceeding by way of a prosecution for a prescribed offence that is an offence against the law of Queensland and to which a prescribed investigation relates or related; or

                             (ii)  a proceeding under a law of Queensland for the confiscation or forfeiture of property, or for the imposition of a pecuniary penalty, in connection with the commission of a prescribed offence; or

                     (d)  in the case of the Corruption and Crime Commission or the Parliamentary Inspector of the Corruption and Crime Commission—a reference to a proceeding by way of a prosecution for a prescribed offence:

                              (i)  that is an offence against the law of Western Australia; and

                             (ii)  to which a prescribed investigation relates or related; or

                     (e)  in the case of the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption—a reference to a proceeding by way of prosecution for a prescribed offence:

                              (i)  that is an offence against the law of South Australia; and

                             (ii)  to which a prescribed investigation relates or related.

6M  Terminating the appointment of an officer

                   A reference in this Act to terminating, because of misbehaviour or improper conduct, the appointment of an officer of the Commonwealth or a State includes a reference to removing the officer from office on the ground of misbehaviour or improper conduct.

6N  Declaration of staff members of State Police Forces

             (1)  This section applies to an agency that is the Police Force of a State.

             (2)  The Minister may make a written declaration that members of an agency included in a specified class of members of the agency occupy positions corresponding to those of AFP employees who are not members of the Australian Federal Police.

             (3)  Members included in the class of members of an agency specified in a declaration are referred to in this Act, in relation to the agency concerned, as staff members.

6P  Identification of service

                   For the purposes of this Act, a service may be identified by:

                     (a)  a number assigned to it from time to time; or

                     (b)  by any other unique identifying factor.

6Q  Identification of telecommunications device

                   For the purposes of this Act, a telecommunications device may be identified by:

                     (a)  a unique telecommunications number assigned to it from time to time; or

                     (b)  any other unique identifying factor.

6R  Communications Access Co‑ordinator

             (1)  In this Act:

Communications Access Co‑ordinator means:

                     (a)  the Secretary of the Department; or

                     (b)  if a person or body is covered by an instrument under subsection (2)—that person or body.

             (2)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify a person or body for the purposes of paragraph (b) of the definition of Communications Access Co‑ordinator in subsection (1).

             (3)  Unless the context otherwise requires, an act done by or in relation to the Communications Access Co‑ordinator is taken to be an act done by or in relation to the Co‑ordinator on behalf of all the interception agencies and all the enforcement agencies.

6S  Permitted purposes—integrity purposes

             (1)  For the purposes of paragraph (aaa) of the definition of permitted purpose in subsection 5(1), a purpose mentioned in column 2 of an item in the following table is a permitted purpose in relation to a Commonwealth agency, or the Immigration and Border Protection Department, as mentioned in column 1 of that item.

 

Permitted purposes—integrity purposes

Item

Column 1—Commonwealth agency or Immigration and Border Protection Department

Column 2—Permitted purpose

1

(a) Australian Federal Police; or

(b) ACC; or

(c) Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity; or

(d) Immigration and Border Protection Department.

A purpose connected with:

(a) a decision about whether to apply for an integrity authority; or

(b) designing, but not conducting, an integrity operation; or

(c) an application for an integrity authority; or

(d) granting an integrity authority.

2

(a) Australian Federal Police; or

(b) ACC; or

(c) Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity.

A purpose connected with an application for any warrant, authorisation or order, under a law of the Commonwealth, that is made for the purposes of an integrity operation.

3

(a) Australian Federal Police; or

(b) ACC.

A purpose connected with disciplinary or legal action in relation to an eligible staff member of that agency, if arising out of, or otherwise related to, an integrity operation.

Note:          The Commonwealth agencies are the ACC, the Australian Federal Police and the Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity (see subsection 5(1)).

             (2)  In this section:

disciplinary or legal action, in relation to an eligible staff member of the Australian Federal Police or the ACC, means any of the following:

                     (a)  action in respect of alleged misconduct of the staff member;

                     (b)  termination of the employment or appointment of the staff member;

                     (c)  a disciplinary proceeding (within the meaning of the Law Enforcement Integrity Commissioner Act 2006) in relation to the staff member, or a report of such a proceeding;

                     (d)  the investigation of an offence suspected to have been committed by the staff member;

                     (e)  a legal proceeding in relation to the staff member, or a report of such a proceeding.

Disciplinary or legal action also includes the consideration of whether an action or proceeding covered by this definition should be taken or brought.

eligible staff member, of the Australian Federal Police or the ACC, means a staff member of that agency within the meaning of the Law Enforcement Integrity Commissioner Act 2006 (see section 10 of that Act).

Chapter 2Interception of telecommunications

Part 2‑1Prohibition on interception of telecommunications

  

7  Telecommunications not to be intercepted

             (1)  A person shall not:

                     (a)  intercept;

                     (b)  authorize, suffer or permit another person to intercept; or

                     (c)  do any act or thing that will enable him or her or another person to intercept;

a communication passing over a telecommunications system.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to or in relation to:

                     (a)  an act or thing done by an employee of a carrier in the course of his or her duties for or in connection with:

                              (i)  the installation of any line, or the installation of any equipment, used or intended for use in connection with a telecommunications service; or

                             (ii)  the operation or maintenance of a telecommunications system; or

                            (iii)  the identifying or tracing of any person who has contravened, or is suspected of having contravened or being likely to contravene, a provision of Part 10.6 of the Criminal Code;

                            where it is reasonably necessary for the employee to do that act or thing in order to perform those duties effectively; or

                    (aa)  the interception of a communication by another person lawfully engaged in duties relating to the installation, connection or maintenance of equipment or a line, where it is reasonably necessary for the person to intercept the communication in order to perform those duties effectively; or

                  (aaa)  the interception of a communication by a person if:

                              (i)  the person is authorised, in writing, by a responsible person for a computer network to engage in network protection duties in relation to the network; and

                             (ii)  it is reasonably necessary for the person to intercept the communication in order to perform those duties effectively; or

                   (ab)  the interception of a communication by a person lawfully engaged in duties relating to the installation, connection or maintenance of equipment used, or to be used, for the interception of communications under warrants; or

                    (ac)  the interception of a communication where the interception results from, or is incidental to, action taken by an ASIO employee, in the lawful performance of his or her duties, for the purpose of:

                              (i)  discovering whether a listening device is being used at, or in relation to, a particular place; or

                             (ii)  determining the location of a listening device; or

                   (ad)  the interception of a communication where the interception results from, or is incidental to, action taken by an ASIO affiliate, in accordance with the contract, agreement or other arrangement under which the ASIO affiliate is performing functions or services for the Organisation, for the purpose of:

                              (i)  discovering whether a listening device is being used at, or in relation to, a particular place; or

                             (ii)  determining the location of a listening device; or

                     (b)  the interception of a communication under a warrant; or

                     (c)  the interception of a communication pursuant to a request made, or purporting to be made, under subsection 30(1) or (2); or

                     (d)  the interception of a communication under an authorisation under section 31A.

          (2A)  For the purposes of paragraphs (2)(a), (aa) and (aaa), in determining whether an act or thing done by a person was reasonably necessary in order for the person to perform his or her duties effectively, a court is to have regard to such matters (if any) as are specified in, or ascertained in accordance with, the regulations.

             (3)  Paragraph (2)(aaa) does not apply to a voice communication in the form of speech (including a communication that involves a recorded or synthetic voice).

             (4)  Subsection (1) does not apply to, or in relation to, an act done by an officer of an agency in relation to a communication if the following conditions are satisfied:

                     (a)  the officer or another officer of the agency is a party to the communication; and

                     (b)  there are reasonable grounds for suspecting that another party to the communication has:

                              (i)  done an act that has resulted, or may result, in loss of life or the infliction of serious personal injury; or

                             (ii)  threatened to kill or seriously injure another person or to cause serious damage to property; or

                            (iii)  threatened to take his or her own life or to do an act that would or may endanger his or her own life or create a serious threat to his or her health or safety; and

                     (c)  because of the urgency of the need for the act to be done, it is not reasonably practicable for an application for a Part 2‑5 warrant to be made.

             (5)  Subsection (1) does not apply to, or in relation to, an act done by an officer of an agency in relation to a communication if the following conditions are satisfied:

                     (a)  the person to whom the communication is directed has consented to the doing of the act; and

                     (b)  there are reasonable grounds for believing that that person is likely to receive a communication from a person who has:

                              (i)  done an act that has resulted, or may result, in loss of life or the infliction of serious personal injury; or

                             (ii)  threatened to kill or seriously injure another person or to cause serious damage to property; or

                            (iii)  threatened to take his or her own life or to do an act that would or may endanger his or her own life or create a serious threat to his or her health or safety; and

                     (c)  because of the urgency of the need for the act to be done, it is not reasonably practicable for an application for a Part 2‑5 warrant to be made.

             (6)  As soon as practicable after the doing of an act in relation to a communication under the provisions of subsection (4) or (5), an officer of the agency which is concerned with the communication shall cause an application for a Part 2‑5 warrant to be made in relation to the matter.

          (6A)  Subsection (6) does not apply if action has been taken under subsection (4) or (5) to intercept a communication, or cause it to be intercepted, and the action has ceased before it is practicable for an application for a Part 2‑5 warrant to be made.

             (7)  Where after considering an application made in relation to a matter arising under subsections (4) or (5) and (6) a Judge or nominated AAT member does not issue a warrant in relation to the application, the chief officer of the agency concerned shall ensure that no further action is taken by the agency to intercept the communication or to cause it to be intercepted.

             (8)  Subsections (4), (5), (6) and (7) only apply where the agency concerned is:

                     (a)  the Australian Federal Police; or

                     (b)  the Police Force of a State.

             (9)  The doing of an act mentioned in subparagraph (4)(b)(ii) or (iii) or (5)(b)(ii) or (iii) in a particular case is taken to constitute a serious offence, even if it would not constitute a serious offence apart from this subsection.

Note:          See subsection (6). A Part 2‑5 warrant can only be issued for the purposes of an investigation relating to the commission of a serious offence.

           (10)  Subsection (9) has effect only to the extent necessary:

                     (a)  to enable an application to be made for the purposes of subsection (6); and

                     (b)  to enable a decision to be made on such an application and, if a Judge so decides, a Part 2‑5 warrant to be issued; and

                     (c)  to enable this Act to operate in relation to a Part 2‑5 warrant issued on such an application.

Part 2‑2Warrants authorising the Organisation to intercept telecommunications

  

9  Issue of telecommunications service warrants by Attorney‑General

             (1)  Where, upon receipt by the Attorney‑General of a request by the Director‑General of Security for the issue of a warrant under this section in respect of a telecommunications service, the Attorney‑General is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the telecommunications service is being or is likely to be:

                              (i)  used by a person engaged in, or reasonably suspected by the Director‑General of Security of being engaged in, or of being likely to engage in, activities prejudicial to security; or

                            (ia)  the means by which a person receives or sends a communication from or to another person who is engaged in, or reasonably suspected by the Director‑General of Security of being engaged in, or of being likely to engage in, such activities; or

                             (ii)  used for purposes prejudicial to security; and

                     (b)  the interception by the Organisation of communications made to or from the telecommunications service will, or is likely to, assist the Organisation in carrying out its function of obtaining intelligence relating to security;

the Attorney‑General may, by warrant under his or her hand, authorize persons approved under section 12 in respect of the warrant to intercept, subject to any conditions or restrictions that are specified in the warrant, communications that are being made to or from that service and such a warrant may authorize entry on any premises specified in the warrant for the purpose of installing, maintaining, using or recovering any equipment used to intercept such communications.

Note:          Subparagraph (a)(ia)—subsection (3) restricts the issuing of warrants if subparagraph (a)(ia) applies.

          (1A)  The reference in paragraph (1)(b) to the interception of communications made to or from a telecommunications service includes a reference to the accessing of the communications as stored communications after they have ceased to pass over a telecommunications system.

             (2)  A request by the Director‑General of Security for the issue of a warrant in respect of a telecommunications service:

                     (a)  shall include a description of the service sufficient to identify it, including:

                              (i)  the name, address and occupation of the subscriber (if any) to the service; and

                             (ii)  the number (if any) allotted to the service by a carrier; and

                     (b)  shall specify the facts and other grounds on which the Director‑General of Security considers it necessary that the warrant should be issued and, where relevant, the grounds on which the Director‑General of Security suspects a person of being engaged in, or of being likely to engage in, activities prejudicial to security.

             (3)  The Attorney‑General must not issue a warrant in a case in which subparagraph (1)(a)(ia) applies unless he or she is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the Organisation has exhausted all other practicable methods of identifying the telecommunications services used, or likely to be used, by the other person referred to in subparagraph (1)(a)(ia); or

                     (b)  interception of communications made to or from a telecommunications service used or likely to be used by that person would not otherwise be possible.

9A  Issue of named person warrants by Attorney‑General

             (1)  Upon receiving a request by the Director‑General of Security for the issue of a warrant under this section in respect of a person, the Attorney‑General may, under his or her hand, issue a warrant in respect of the person if the Attorney‑General is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the person is engaged in, or reasonably suspected by the Director‑General of Security of being engaged in, or of being likely to engage in, activities prejudicial to security; and

                     (b)  the interception by the Organisation of:

                              (i)  communications made to or from telecommunications services used by the person; or

                             (ii)  communications made by means of a particular telecommunications device or particular telecommunications devices used by the person;

                            will, or is likely to, assist the Organisation in carrying out its function of obtaining intelligence relating to security; and

                     (c)  relying on a telecommunications service warrant to obtain the intelligence would be ineffective.

          (1A)  The warrant authorises persons approved under section 12 in respect of the warrant to intercept, subject to any conditions or restrictions that are specified in the warrant:

                     (a)  communications that are being made to or from any telecommunications service that the person is using, or is likely to use; or

                     (b)  communications that are being made by means of a telecommunications device or telecommunications devices, identified in the warrant, that the person is using, or is likely to use.

Note:          Subsection (3) restricts the issuing of a warrant authorising interception of communications made by means of a telecommunications device or telecommunications devices identified in the warrant.

          (1B)  The warrant may authorise entry on any premises specified in the warrant for the purpose of installing, maintaining, using or recovering any equipment used to intercept such communications.

          (1C)  The reference in paragraph (1)(b) to the interception of communications made to or from a telecommunications service includes a reference to the accessing of the communications as stored communications after they have ceased to pass over a telecommunications system.

             (2)  A request by the Director‑General of Security for the issue of a warrant in respect of a person:

                     (a)  must include the name or names by which the person is known; and

                     (b)  must include details (to the extent these are known to the Director‑General of Security) sufficient to identify the telecommunications services the person is using, or is likely to use; and

                   (ba)  if the warrant would authorise interception of communications made by means of a telecommunications device or telecommunications devices identified in the warrant—must include details (to the extent these are known to the Director‑General of Security) sufficient to identify the telecommunications device or telecommunications devices that the person is using, or is likely to use; and

                     (c)  must specify the facts and other grounds on which the Director‑General of Security considers it necessary that the warrant should be issued, including the grounds on which the Director‑General of Security suspects the person of being engaged in, or of being likely to engage in, activities prejudicial to security.

             (3)  The Attorney‑General must not issue a warrant that authorises interception of communications made by means of a telecommunications device or telecommunications devices identified in the warrant unless he or she is satisfied that:

                     (a)  there are no other practicable methods available to the Organisation at the time of making the application to identify the telecommunications services used, or likely to be used, by the person in respect of whom the warrant would be issued; or

                     (b)  interception of communications made to or from a telecommunications service used, or likely to be used, by that person would not otherwise be practicable.

9B  Provisions applying to warrants issued under section 9 or 9A

Request must be forwarded in writing

             (1)  Where the Director‑General of Security makes a request, otherwise than in writing, for the issue of a warrant under section 9 or 9A, he or she must forthwith forward to the Attorney‑General a request in writing for the warrant.

Warrants authorising entry

             (2)  Where a warrant under section 9 or 9A authorises entry on premises, the warrant:

                     (a)  must state whether entry is authorised to be made at any time of the day or night or only during specified hours; and

                     (b)  may, if the Attorney‑General thinks fit—provide that entry may be made without permission first being sought or demand first being made, and may authorise measures that he or she is satisfied are necessary for that purpose.

Length of time warrant remains in force

             (3)  A warrant under section 9 or 9A must specify the period for which it is to remain in force. The warrant may be revoked by the Attorney‑General at any time before the end of the specified period.

          (3A)  The specified period must not exceed:

                     (a)  if subparagraph 9(1)(a)(ia) applies—3 months; or

                     (b)  otherwise—6 months.

Issue of further warrant

             (4)  Subsection (3) does not prevent the issue of a further warrant in respect of a telecommunications service or a person (as the case may be) in relation to which or whom a warrant has, or warrants have, previously been issued.

10  Issue of warrant by Director‑General of Security in emergency for Organisation to intercept telecommunications

             (1)  Where:

                     (a)  the Director‑General of Security has forwarded or made a request to the Attorney‑General for the issue of a warrant under section 9 in respect of a telecommunications service or under section 9A in respect of a person;

                     (b)  the Attorney‑General has not, to the knowledge of the Director‑General of Security, made a decision with respect to the request and has not, within the preceding period of 3 months, refused to issue a warrant under section 9 in respect of the telecommunications service or under section 9A in respect of a person (as the case requires);

                     (c)  the Director‑General of Security has not, within the preceding period of 3 months, issued a warrant under this section in respect of the telecommunications service or person (as the case requires); and

                     (d)  the Director‑General of Security is satisfied:

                              (i)  that the facts of the case would justify the issue of a warrant by the Attorney‑General; and

                             (ii)  that, if the interception to which the request relates does not commence before a warrant can be issued and made available by the Attorney‑General, security will be, or is likely to be, seriously prejudiced;

the Director‑General of Security may, by warrant under his or her hand, authorize persons approved under section 12 in respect of the warrant to intercept, subject to any conditions or restrictions that are specified in the warrant, communications that are being made to or from that service, or communications of that person (as the case requires), and such a warrant may authorize entry on any premises specified in the warrant for the purpose of installing, maintaining, using or recovering any equipment used to intercept such communications.

          (1A)  The reference in subparagraph (1)(d)(ii) to the interception not commencing includes a reference to the communications, that were to be intercepted, not being accessed as stored communications after they have ceased to pass over a telecommunications system.

             (2)  Where a warrant under this section authorizes entry on premises, the warrant shall state whether entry is authorized to be made at any time of the day or night or only during specified hours and may, if the Director‑General of Security thinks fit, provide that entry may be made without permission first being sought or demand first being made, and authorize measures that he or she is satisfied are necessary for that purpose.

             (3)  A warrant under this section shall specify the period for which it is to remain in force, being a period that does not exceed 48 hours, but may be revoked by the Attorney‑General at any time before the expiration of the period so specified.

             (4)  Where the Director‑General of Security issues a warrant under this section, he or she shall forthwith furnish to the Attorney‑General:

                     (a)  a copy of the warrant; and

                     (b)  a statement of the grounds on which he or she is satisfied as to the matters referred to in subparagraph (1)(d)(ii).

             (5)  The Director‑General must, within 3 working days after issuing a warrant under this section, give a copy of the warrant to the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security.

11A  Telecommunications service warrant for collection of foreign intelligence

             (1)  Where:

                     (a)  the Director‑General of Security gives a notice in writing to the Attorney‑General requesting the Attorney‑General to issue a warrant under this section authorising persons approved under section 12 in respect of the warrant to do acts or things referred to in subsection 9(1) in relation to a particular telecommunications service for the purpose of obtaining foreign intelligence relating to a matter specified in the notice; and

                     (b)  the Attorney‑General is satisfied, on the basis of advice received from the Minister for Defence or the Minister for Foreign Affairs, that the collection of foreign intelligence relating to that matter is in the interests of Australia’s national security, Australia’s foreign relations or Australia’s national economic well‑being;

the Attorney‑General may, by warrant under his or her hand, authorise persons approved under section 12 in respect of the warrant, subject to any conditions or restrictions that are specified in the warrant, to do such of those acts or things in relation to that telecommunications service as the Attorney‑General considers appropriate in the circumstances and are specified in the warrant, for the purpose of obtaining that intelligence.

             (2)  A request by the Director‑General of Security for the issue of a warrant under this section:

                     (a)  shall include a description of the service sufficient to identify it, including:

                              (i)  the name, address and occupation of the subscriber (if any) to the service; and

                             (ii)  the number (if any) allotted to the service by a carrier; and

                     (b)  shall specify the facts and other grounds on which the Director‑General of Security considers it necessary that the warrant should be issued.

Note:          Warrants are obtained under this section for the purpose of performing the function set out in paragraph 17(1)(e) of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979.

11B  Named person warrant for collection of foreign intelligence

             (1)  The Attorney‑General may, under his or her hand, issue a warrant in respect of a person if:

                     (a)  the Director‑General of Security gives a notice in writing to the Attorney‑General requesting the Attorney‑General to issue a warrant under this section authorising persons approved under section 12 in respect of the warrant to do acts or things referred to in subsection 9A(1A) in relation to:

                              (i)  communications that are being made to or from any telecommunications service that a person or foreign organisation is using, or is likely to use; or

                             (ii)  communications that are being made by means of a particular telecommunications device or particular telecommunications devices that a person or foreign organisation is using, or is likely to use;

                            for the purpose of obtaining foreign intelligence relating to a matter specified in the notice; and

                     (b)  the Attorney‑General is satisfied, on the basis of advice received from the Minister for Defence or the Minister for Foreign Affairs, that:

                              (i)  the obtaining of foreign intelligence relating to that matter is in the interests of Australia’s national security, Australia’s foreign relations or Australia’s national economic well‑being; and

                             (ii)  it is necessary to intercept the communications of the person or foreign organisation in order to obtain the intelligence referred to in paragraph (a); and

                            (iii)  relying on a telecommunications service warrant to obtain the intelligence would be ineffective.

          (1A)  The warrant authorises persons approved under section 12 in respect of the warrant to intercept, subject to any conditions or restrictions that are specified in the warrant:

                     (a)  communications that are being made to or from any telecommunications service that the person or foreign organisation is using, or is likely to use; or

                     (b)  communications that are being made by means of a telecommunications device or telecommunications devices, identified in the warrant, that the person or foreign organisation is using, or is likely to use.

Note:          Subsection (3) restricts the issuing of a warrant authorising interception of communications made by means of a telecommunications device or telecommunications devices identified in the warrant.

          (1B)  The warrant may authorise entry on any premises specified in the warrant for the purpose of installing, maintaining, using or recovering any equipment used to intercept such communications.

             (2)  A request by the Director‑General of Security for the issue of a warrant in respect of a person or foreign organisation:

                     (a)  must include the name or names by which the person or organisation is known; and

                     (b)  must include details (to the extent these are known to the Director‑General of Security) sufficient to identify the telecommunications services the person or foreign organisation is using, or is likely to use; and

                   (ba)  if the warrant would authorise interception of communications made by means of a telecommunications device or telecommunications devices identified in the warrant—must include details (to the extent these are known to the Director‑General of Security) sufficient to identify the telecommunications device or telecommunications devices that the person is using, or is likely to use; and

                     (c)  must specify the facts and other grounds on which the Director‑General of Security considers it necessary that the warrant should be issued.

             (3)  The Attorney‑General must not issue a warrant that authorises interception of communications made by means of a telecommunications device or telecommunications devices identified in the warrant unless he or she is satisfied that:

                     (a)  there are no other practicable methods available to the Organisation at the time of making the application to identify the telecommunications services used, or likely to be used, by the person or foreign organisation in respect of whom or which the warrant would be issued; or

                     (b)  interception of communications made to or from a telecommunications service used, or likely to be used, by that person or foreign organisation would not otherwise be practicable.

Note:          Warrants are obtained under this section for the purpose of performing the function set out in paragraph 17(1)(e) of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979.

11C  Foreign communications warrant for collection of foreign intelligence

             (1)  Where:

                     (a)  the Director‑General of Security gives a notice in writing to the Attorney‑General requesting the Attorney‑General to issue a warrant under this section authorising persons approved under section 12 in respect of the warrant to intercept foreign communications for the purpose of obtaining foreign intelligence relating to a matter specified in the notice; and

                     (b)  the Attorney‑General is satisfied, on the basis of advice received from the Minister for Defence or the Minister for Foreign Affairs, that:

                              (i)  the collection of foreign intelligence relating to that matter is in the interests of Australia’s national security, Australia’s foreign relations or Australia’s national economic well‑being; and

                             (ii)  it is necessary to intercept foreign communications in order to collect the intelligence referred to in paragraph (a); and

                            (iii)  relying on a telecommunications service warrant or a named person warrant to obtain the intelligence would be ineffective;

the Attorney‑General may, by warrant under his or her hand, authorise persons approved under section 12 in respect of the warrant, subject to any conditions or restrictions that are specified in the warrant, to intercept foreign communications for the purpose of obtaining that intelligence.

             (2)  A warrant under subsection (1) must not authorise the interception of any communications except foreign communications.

             (3)  A request by the Director‑General of Security for the issue of a warrant under this section must:

                     (a)  include a description that is sufficient to identify the part of the telecommunications system that is likely to carry the foreign communications whose interception is sought; and

                     (b)  specify the facts and other grounds on which the Director‑General of Security considers it necessary that the warrant should be issued, including the reasons the information cannot be collected by other means.

             (4)  A warrant under this section must include:

                     (a)  a notice addressed to the carrier who operates the relevant telecommunications system, giving a description that is sufficient to identify the part of the telecommunications system that is covered by the warrant; and

                     (b)  a notice addressed to the Director‑General of Security stating that the warrant authorises the obtaining of foreign intelligence only for purposes relating to the matter specified in the notice requesting the issue of the warrant.

             (5)  Where:

                     (a)  a communication is intercepted under a warrant under this section; and

                     (b)  the Director‑General of Security is satisfied that the communication is not relevant to the purposes specified in the warrant;

the Director‑General of Security must cause any record or copy of the communication to be destroyed.

Note:          Warrants are obtained under this section for the purpose of performing the function set out in paragraph 17(1)(e) of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979.

11D  Provisions applying to foreign intelligence warrants

Warrants authorising entry

             (1)  Where a warrant under section 11A or 11B authorises entry on premises, the warrant:

                     (a)  must state whether entry is authorised to be made at any time of the day or night or only during specified hours; and

                     (b)  may, if the Attorney‑General thinks fit—provide that entry may be made without permission first being sought or demand first being made, and may authorise measures that he or she is satisfied are necessary for that purpose.

Length of time warrant remains in force

             (2)  A warrant under section 11A, 11B or 11C must specify the period for which it is to remain in force. The period must not exceed 6 months, and the warrant may be revoked by the Attorney‑General at any time before the end of the specified period.

Issue of further warrant

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not prevent the issue of a further warrant in respect of a telecommunications service, a person or a part of a telecommunications system (as the case may be) in relation to which or whom a warrant has, or warrants have, previously been issued.

Part 10.6 of the Criminal Code

             (4)  Nothing in Part 10.6 of the Criminal Code is to be taken to prohibit the doing of anything under, or for the purposes of, a warrant under section 11A, 11B or 11C.

Note:          Part 10.6 of the Criminal Code deals with offences relating to telecommunications.

Information about Australian citizens or permanent residents

             (5)  The Director‑General must not request the issue of a warrant under section 11A, 11B or 11C for the purpose of collecting information concerning an Australian citizen or permanent resident.

             (6)  The reference in subsection 11A(1), 11B(1) and 11C(1) to conditions or restrictions includes a reference to conditions or restrictions designed to minimise:

                     (a)  the obtaining by the Organisation, pursuant to a warrant issued under section 11A, 11B or 11C (as the case may be), of information that is not publicly available concerning Australian citizens or permanent residents; or

                     (b)  the retention of information of that kind.

12  Persons authorised to intercept communications for Organisation

                   The Director‑General of Security, or an ASIO employee or ASIO affiliate appointed by the Director‑General of Security, in writing, to be an authorizing officer for the purposes of this subsection, may, by writing under his or her hand, approve any persons as persons authorized to exercise, on behalf of the Organisation, the authority conferred by Part 2‑2 warrants.

13  Discontinuance of interception before expiration of warrant

                   Where, before a Part 2‑2 warrant ceases to be in force, the Director‑General of Security is satisfied that the grounds on which the warrant was issued have ceased to exist, he or she shall forthwith inform the Attorney‑General accordingly and take such steps that are necessary to ensure that the interception of communications under the warrant is discontinued.

14  Certain records retained by Organisation to be destroyed

                   Where:

                     (a)  a record or copy has been made of a communication intercepted by virtue of a Part 2‑2 warrant;

                     (b)  the record or copy is in the possession or custody, or under the control, of the Organisation; and

                     (c)  the Director‑General of Security is satisfied that the record or copy is not required, and is not likely to be required, in or in connection with the performance by the Organisation of its functions or the exercise of its powers (including the powers conferred by sections 64 and 65);

the Director‑General of Security shall cause the record or copy to be destroyed.

Note:          See subsection 11C(5) for additional rules about the destruction of material obtained under a warrant issued under section 11C.

15  How warrants etc. to be dealt with

             (1)  Where the Attorney‑General issues or revokes a Part 2‑2 warrant, he or she shall cause:

                     (a)  the Director‑General of Security to be informed forthwith of the issue of the warrant or of the revocation, as the case may be; and

                     (b)  the warrant or the instrument of revocation, as the case may be, to be forwarded, as soon as practicable, to the Director General of Security.

          (1A)  Where:

                     (a)  the Director‑General of Security is informed under paragraph (1)(a) of the issue of a warrant (other than a warrant under section 11C); and

                     (b)  it is proposed, under the warrant, to intercept communications made to or from a telecommunications service while they are passing over a telecommunications system operated by a carrier; and

                   (ba)  the execution of the warrant will involve the taking of action by the carrier or its employees;

the Director‑General of Security shall cause:

                     (c)  an authorised representative of that carrier to be informed forthwith of the issue of the warrant; and

                     (d)  where, under paragraph (1)(b), the Director‑General of Security receives the warrant—a copy of the warrant, certified in writing by a certifying person to be a true copy of the warrant, to be given as soon as practicable to that authorised representative.

Note:          Subsection 15(7) deals with cases where the Director‑General of Security is informed of the issue of a warrant under section 11C.

          (1B)  Where:

                     (a)  an authorised representative of a carrier has been informed, under subsection (1A), of the issue of a warrant; and

                     (b)  the Director‑General of Security is informed under paragraph (1)(a) that the warrant has been revoked;

the Director‑General of Security shall cause:

                     (c)  that authorised representative to be informed forthwith of the revocation; and

                     (d)  where, under paragraph (1)(b), the Director‑General of Security receives the instrument of revocation—a copy of the instrument, certified in writing by a certifying person to be a true copy of the instrument, to be forwarded as soon as practicable to that authorised representative.

             (3)  The Attorney‑General shall record on each request in writing for the issue of a warrant received by him or her from the Director‑General of Security his or her decision with respect to the request and shall cause the request to be returned to the Director‑General of Security.

             (4)  Where:

                     (a)  the Director‑General of Security issues a warrant under section 10; and

                     (b)  it is proposed, under the warrant, to intercept communications made to or from a telecommunications service while they are passing over a telecommunications system operated by a carrier; and

                   (ba)  the execution of the warrant will involve the taking of action by the carrier or its employees;

the Director‑General of Security shall cause:

                     (c)  an authorised representative of that carrier to be informed forthwith of the issuing of the warrant; and

                     (d)  a copy of the warrant, certified in writing by the Director‑General, or a Deputy Director‑General of Security, to be a true copy of the warrant, to be given as soon as practicable to that authorised representative.

             (6)  The Director‑General of Security shall cause to be kept in the Organisation’s records:

                     (a)  each warrant issued under section 10;

                     (c)  each warrant, and each instrument of revocation, received under this section by the Director‑General from the Attorney‑General; and

                     (e)  each request, and each document, returned to the Director‑General by the Attorney‑General.

             (7)  Where:

                     (a)  the Director‑General of Security is informed under paragraph (1)(a) of the issue of a warrant under section 11C; and

                     (b)  it is proposed, under the warrant, to intercept communications made while they are passing over a telecommunications system operated by a carrier;

the Director‑General of Security must cause:

                     (c)  an authorised representative of that carrier to be informed forthwith of the issue of the warrant; and

                     (d)  where, under paragraph (1)(b), the Director‑General of Security receives the warrant—a copy of the part of the warrant referred to in paragraph 11C(4)(a), certified in writing by a certifying person, to be a true copy of the warrant, to be given as soon as practicable to that authorised representative.

16  Additional requirements for named person warrants

             (1)  Where:

                     (a)  an authorised representative of a carrier has been given a copy of a warrant under section 9A or 11B; and

                    (aa)  the warrant is not a warrant that authorises interception of communications made by means of a telecommunications device or telecommunications devices identified in the warrant; and

                     (b)  it is proposed, under the warrant, to intercept communications made to or from a telecommunications service operated by the carrier; and

                     (c)  the service was not identified in the warrant;

a certifying person must cause that authorised representative to be given, as soon as practicable, a description in writing of the service sufficient to identify it.

          (1A)  Where:

                     (a)  an authorised representative of a carrier has been given a copy of a warrant under section 9A or 11B; and

                     (b)  the warrant is a warrant that authorises interception of communications made by means of a telecommunications device or telecommunications devices identified in the warrant; and

                     (c)  it is proposed, under the warrant, to intercept, by means of a telecommunications device, communications made to or from a telecommunications service operated by the carrier; and

                     (d)  the device was not identified in the warrant;

a certifying person must cause that authorised representative to be given, as soon as practicable, a description in writing of the device sufficient to identify it.

             (2)  Where:

                     (a)  an authorised representative of a carrier has been given a description of a telecommunications service to or from which, or a telecommunications device or telecommunications devices by means of which, communications are proposed to be intercepted under a warrant under section 9A or 11B; and

                     (b)  the Director‑General of Security is satisfied that the interception of communications to or from that service, or by means of the device or devices, is no longer required;

a certifying person must cause:

                     (c)  that authorised representative to be informed of the fact immediately; and

                     (d)  confirmation in writing of the fact to be given as soon as practicable to that authorised representative.

17  Reports to be made to Attorney‑General on results of interception

             (1)  The Director‑General of Security shall furnish to the Attorney‑General, in respect of each Part 2‑2 warrant, within 3 months after the expiration or revocation, whichever first occurs, of the warrant, a report in writing on the extent to which the interception of communications under the warrant has assisted the Organisation in carrying out its functions.

             (2)  A report under subsection (1) in relation to a warrant issued under section 9A or 11B must include details of the telecommunications service to or from which each intercepted communication was made.

18  Evidentiary certificates

             (1)  The following:

                     (a)  the Managing Director of a carrier;

                     (b)  the secretary of a carrier;

                     (c)  an employee of a carrier authorised in writing for the purposes of this paragraph by the Managing Director or the secretary of the carrier;

may issue a written certificate signed by him or her setting out such facts as he or she considers relevant with respect to acts or things done by, or in relation to, employees of the carrier in order to enable a warrant to be executed.

             (2)  A document purporting to be a certificate issued under subsection (1) and purporting to be signed by the Managing Director or secretary, or an employee, of a carrier is to be received in evidence in an exempt proceeding without further proof and is, in an exempt proceeding, conclusive evidence of the matters stated in the document.

             (3)  The Director‑General of Security or the Deputy Director‑General of Security may issue a written certificate signed by him or her setting out such facts as he or she considers relevant with respect to acts or things done:

                     (a)  in order to enable, or in connection with enabling, a warrant issued under this Part to be executed; or

                     (b)  in connection with the execution of a warrant issued under this Part.

             (4)  The Director‑General of Security or the Deputy Director‑General of Security may issue a written certificate signed by him or her setting out such facts as he or she considers relevant with respect to anything done by an ASIO employee or an ASIO affiliate:

                     (a)  in connection with the execution of a warrant issued under this Part; or

                     (b)  in connection with:

                              (i)  the communication by a person to another person of; or

                             (ii)  the making use of; or

                            (iii)  the making of a record of; or

                            (iv)  the custody of a record of; or

                             (v)  the giving in evidence of;

                            information obtained by the execution of such a warrant.

             (5)  A document purporting to be a certificate issued under subsection (3) or (4) by the Director‑General of Security or the Deputy Director‑General of Security and to be signed by him or her is to be received in evidence in an exempt proceeding without further proof and is, in an exempt proceeding, prima facie evidence of the matters stated in the document.

             (6)  In subsections (1) and (2), a reference to the Managing Director or secretary of a carrier includes a reference to the Managing Director or secretary of a body corporate of which the carrier is a subsidiary.

             (7)  For the purposes of this section, the question whether a body corporate is a subsidiary of another body corporate is to be determined in the same manner as the question is determined under the Corporations Act 2001.

Part 2‑3Emergency requests authorising officers of a carrier to intercept telecommunications

  

30  Emergency requests

             (1)  Where:

                     (a)  a person is a party to a communication passing over a telecommunications system;

                     (b)  as a result of information conveyed by another party to the communication (in this section referred to as the caller) and of any other matters, the first‑mentioned person forms the honest belief that either of the following emergencies exist:

                              (i)  another person (whether or not the caller) is dying, is being seriously injured or has been seriously injured;

                             (ii)  another person (whether or not the caller) is likely to die or be seriously injured; and

                     (c)  the first‑mentioned person does not know the location of the caller;

the first‑mentioned person may:

                     (d)  in a case where the first‑mentioned person:

                              (i)  is a member of a police force; and

                             (ii)  is of the opinion that tracing the location of the caller is likely to be of assistance in dealing with the emergency;

                            request, or cause another member of a police force to request, an employee of a carrier to intercept, or to cause other employees of the carrier to intercept, the communication for the purposes of tracing the location of the caller; or

                     (e)  in a case where the first‑mentioned person is not a member of a police force—inform, or cause another person to inform, a member of a police force of the matters referred to in paragraphs (a), (b) and (c).

             (2)  Where a member of a police force is so informed, the member may, if the member is of the opinion that tracing the location of the caller is likely to be of assistance in dealing with the emergency, request an employee of a carrier to intercept, or to cause other employees of the carrier to intercept, the communication for the purposes of tracing the location of the caller.

             (3)  Where, pursuant to a request made, or purporting to be made, by a member of a police force under subsection (1) or (2), an employee of a carrier intercepts a communication passing over a telecommunications system for the purpose of tracing the location of the caller, the employee shall:

                     (a)  communicate, or cause another employee of the carrier to communicate, the location of the caller to the person who made the request or to any other member of a police force; and

                     (b)  communicate particulars of the interception to the Managing Director of the carrier.

             (4)  As soon as practicable after making to an employee of a carrier a request under, or purporting to be under, subsection (1) or (2), a member of a police force shall give, or cause another member of a police force to give, to the Managing Director of the carrier a written confirmation of the request that sets out the information given by the first‑mentioned member to that employee in connection with the request.

Part 2‑4Authorisation of interception for developing and testing interception capabilities

  

31  Applications for authorisation

             (1)  The head (however described) of a security authority that has functions that include activities relating to developing or testing technologies, or interception capabilities, or a person acting as that head, may request the Attorney‑General to authorise, under section 31A, interception of communications passing over a telecommunications system by employees of the authority authorised under section 31B.

             (2)  The request:

                     (a)  must be in writing; and

                     (b)  must include details of the development or testing of technologies, or interception capabilities, in relation to which authorisation is sought; and

                     (c)  must include details of the extent to which the development or testing would involve, or would be likely to involve, interception of communications passing over a telecommunications system; and

                     (d)  must refer to the functions of the authority that the development or testing would support; and

                     (e)  must state the grounds for seeking the authorisation; and

                      (f)  must summarise the outcomes of any previous authorisations given to the authority under section 31A in relation to the technology or interception capability that is the subject of the application; and

                     (g)  must nominate the period (not exceeding 6 months) for which the authorisation is sought to be in force.

31A  Attorney‑General may authorise interception for developing and testing interception capabilities

             (1)  Upon receiving the request, the Attorney‑General may authorise interception of communications passing over a telecommunications system by employees of the security authority authorised under section 31B.

             (2)  The authorisation is subject to:

                     (a)  a condition prohibiting:

                              (i)  interception of communications passing over a telecommunications system except for the purposes of development or testing of technologies, or interception capabilities; or

                             (ii)  communicating, using or recording such communications except for such purposes; and

                     (b)  any other conditions specified in the authorisation.

             (3)  The authorisation must be in writing and must specify the period (not exceeding 6 months) for which it will have effect.

             (4)  The head (however described) of the security authority, or a person acting as that head, must ensure that a copy of the authorisation is kept by the authority and is available for inspection on request by the Minister who is responsible for the authority.

             (5)  An authorisation given under subsection (1) is not a legislative instrument.

31B  Authorisation of employees of a security authority

             (1)  The following persons:

                     (a)  the head (however described) of a security authority;

                     (b)  an officer of the security authority covered by an approval in force under subsection (2);

may, by writing, authorise employees of the authority for the purposes of this Part.

             (2)  The head (however described) of a security authority may, by writing, approve an officer of the authority for the purposes of paragraph (1)(b).

31C  Destruction of records

                   If:

                     (a)  information, or a record, that was obtained, in the course of developing or testing technologies or interception capabilities, by interception of communications passing over a telecommunications system is in a security authority’s possession; and

                     (b)  the information or record is no longer required in relation to the development or testing;

the head (however described) of the security authority, or a person acting as that head, must cause the information or record to be destroyed as soon as practicable.

31D  Reports to the Attorney‑General

                   The head (however described) of a security authority, or a person acting as that head, must give to the Attorney‑General, within 3 months after an authorisation under section 31A given to the authority ceases to have effect, a written report about:

                     (a)  the outcome of the development or testing of technologies, or interception capabilities, in relation to which the authorisation was given; and

                     (b)  the destruction of information or records under section 31C.

Part 2‑5Warrants authorising agencies to intercept telecommunications

Division 2Declaration of State Law Enforcement Authorities as Agencies

34  Declaration of an eligible authority of a State as an agency

                   Subject to section 35, the Minister may, by legislative instrument and at the request of the Premier of a State, declare an eligible authority of that State to be an agency for the purposes of this Act.

35  Preconditions for declaration

             (1)  The Minister shall not make a declaration under section 34 in relation to an eligible authority of a State unless he or she is satisfied that the law (in this subsection called the relevant law) of that State makes satisfactory provision:

                     (a)  imposing on the chief officer of the eligible authority requirements corresponding to the requirements that sections 80 and 81 impose on the chief officer of a Commonwealth agency; and

                     (c)  requiring the chief officer of the eligible authority to give to a specified Minister (in this subsection called the responsible Minister) of that State, within 3 months after a warrant issued to the eligible authority ceases to be in force, a written report about:

                              (i)  the use made by the eligible authority of information obtained by interceptions under the warrant; and

                             (ii)  the communication of such information to persons other than officers of the eligible authority; and

                     (d)  requiring the chief officer of the eligible authority to give to the responsible Minister as soon as practicable, and in any event within 3 months, after each 30 June, a written report that sets out such information as:

                              (i)  Division 2 of Part 2‑8 requires to be set out in the Minister’s report under that Division relating to the year ending on that 30 June; and

                             (ii)  can be derived from the eligible authority’s records; and

                     (e)  requiring the responsible Minister to give to the Minister, as soon as practicable after a report of a kind referred to in paragraph (c) or (d) is given to the responsible Minister, a copy of the report; and

                      (f)  requiring the chief officer of the eligible authority to cause a restricted record (whether made before or after the commencement of this section) that is in the possession of the eligible authority to be kept, except when it is being otherwise dealt with in accordance with this Act and the relevant law, in a secure place where it is not accessible to persons other than persons who are entitled so to deal with it; and

                     (g)  requiring the chief officer of the eligible authority to cause a restricted record of a kind referred to in paragraph (f) to be destroyed forthwith where the chief officer is satisfied that the restricted record is not likely to be required for a permitted purpose in relation to the eligible authority, other than a purpose connected with an inspection of the kind referred to in paragraph (h) or with a report on such an inspection; and

                     (h)  requiring regular inspections of the eligible authority’s records, for the purpose of ascertaining the extent of compliance by the officers of the eligible authority with the requirements referred to in paragraphs (a), (f) and (g) of this subsection, to be made by an authority of that State that is independent of the eligible authority and on which sufficient powers have been conferred to enable the independent authority to make a proper inspection of those records for that purpose; and

                   (ha)  requiring that a person who performs a function or exercises a power under section 44A or 45 in relation to an application by an eligible authority for a warrant must not undertake an inspection of the eligible authority’s records for the purpose referred to in paragraph (h) in relation to a record of the eligible authority that relates to the application; and

                      (j)  requiring an authority of that State that has made an inspection of the eligible authority’s interception records for the purpose referred to in paragraph (h) to report in writing to the responsible Minister about the results of the inspection; and

                     (k)  empowering an authority of that State that, as a result of inspecting the eligible authority’s records for the purpose referred to in paragraph (h), is of the opinion that an officer of the eligible authority has contravened:

                              (i)  a provision of this Act; or

                             (ii)  a requirement referred to in paragraph (c);

                            to include in the report on the inspection a report on the contravention; and

                    (m)  requiring the responsible Minister to give to the Minister, as soon as practicable after a report on an inspection of the kind referred to in paragraph (j) is given to the responsible Minister, a copy of the report.

          (1A)  Paragraphs (1)(f) and (g) do not apply to a restricted record that is a record of a communication that was intercepted under paragraph 7(2)(aaa).

             (2)  The Minister must not make a declaration under section 34 in relation to an eligible authority of a State unless the Minister is satisfied that that State has entered into an agreement to pay all expenses connected with the issue of warrants to the authority.

36  State laws requiring copies of documents to be given to responsible Minister

             (1)  Nothing in this Division is to be taken to preclude a law of a State from requiring the chief officer of the eligible authority to give to a specified Minister (the responsible Minister) of that State a copy of each warrant issued to the eligible authority, and of each instrument under section 52 or 57 revoking such a warrant.

             (2)  If a State makes a law of the kind mentioned in subsection (1), then, for the purposes of section 63AA, the chief officer of the eligible authority is taken to be communicating interception warrant information for the purposes of this Part by giving documents to the responsible Minister to comply with the requirement.

37  Revocation of declaration

             (1)  If requested by the Premier of a State to revoke a declaration in force under section 34 in relation to an eligible authority of that State, the Minister shall, by notice in writing published in the Gazette, revoke the declaration.

             (2)  Subject to subsection (1), the Minister may, by notice in writing published in the Gazette, revoke a declaration in force under section 34 in relation to an eligible authority of a State if, and only if, the Minister is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the law of that State no longer makes satisfactory provision in relation to the authority as mentioned in subsection 35(1);

                     (b)  the extent of compliance with a requirement of a law of that State, being a requirement of a kind referred to in subsection 35(1), has been unsatisfactory in so far as the requirement relates to the authority;

                     (c)  no agreement of the kind referred to in subsection 35(2), being an agreement entered into by that State that relates to the authority, is in force;

                     (d)  the extent of compliance by that State with the terms of an agreement of the kind referred to in subsection 35(2), being an agreement entered into by that State, has been unsatisfactory in so far as the agreement relates to the authority; or

                     (e)  the extent of compliance by the chief officer of the authority, or by officers of the authority, with this Act has been unsatisfactory.

38  Effect of revocation

                   Where a declaration under section 34 in relation to an eligible authority of a State is revoked, this Act:

                     (a)  continues to apply in relation to a warrant that was issued to the authority before the revocation; and

                     (b)  so applies at a particular time as if the authority were an agency at that time.

Division 3Applications for warrants

39  Agency may apply for warrant

             (1)  An agency may apply to an eligible Judge or nominated AAT member for a warrant in respect of a telecommunications service or a person.

             (2)  An application for a warrant shall be made on an agency’s behalf by:

                     (a)  in the case of the Australian Federal Police—a member of the Australian Federal Police; or

                    (aa)  in the case of the Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity:

                              (i)  the Integrity Commissioner; or

                             (ii)  an Assistant Integrity Commissioner; or

                            (iii)  a staff member of ACLEI who is authorised in writing by the Integrity Commissioner for the purposes of this paragraph; or

                     (b)  in the case of the ACC:

                              (i)  the Chief Executive Officer of the ACC or an examiner; or

                             (ii)  a member of a police force who is a member of the staff of the ACC; or

                     (c)  in the case of the Police Force of a State—an officer of that Police Force; or

                     (d)  in the case of the Crime Commission:

                              (i)  a member of the Crime Commission; or

                             (ii)  a member of the staff of the Crime Commission; or

                     (e)  in the case of the Independent Commission Against Corruption—an officer of that Commission; or

                    (ea)  in the case of the IBAC—an IBAC officer; or

                      (f)  in the case of the Crime and Corruption Commission—a commission officer (within the meaning of the Crime and Corruption Act); or

                     (g)  in the case of the Police Integrity Commission:

                              (i)  an Assistant Commissioner or the Commissioner of the Police Integrity Commission; or

                             (ii)  a member of the staff of the Police Integrity Commission; or

                      (i)  in the case of the Corruption and Crime Commission—an officer of the Corruption and Crime Commission; or

                      (j)  in the case of the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption:

                              (i)  the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption; or

                             (ii)  the Deputy Commissioner referred to in section 9 of the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption Act; or

                            (iii)  a member of the staff of the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption.

40  Form of application

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), an application for a warrant shall be in writing.

             (2)  If the person making an application for a warrant on an agency’s behalf:

                     (a)  is the chief officer of the agency or a person in relation to whom an authorisation by the chief officer is in force under subsection (3); and

                     (b)  thinks it necessary, because of urgent circumstances, to make the application by telephone;

the person may make the application by telephone.

             (3)  The chief officer of an agency may authorise in writing, for the purposes of subsection (2), persons who, or classes of persons who, are entitled under section 39 to make applications on the agency’s behalf.

41  Contents of application

                   A written application by an agency for a warrant shall set out:

                     (a)  the name of the agency; and

                     (b)  the name of the person making the application on the agency’s behalf.

42  Affidavit to accompany written application

             (1)  A written application by an agency for a warrant shall be accompanied by an affidavit complying with this section.

             (2)  The affidavit shall set out the facts and other grounds on which the application is based.

             (3)  The affidavit shall specify the period for which it is requested that the warrant be in force and shall state why it is considered necessary for the warrant to be in force for that period.

             (4)  If the application is for a telecommunications service warrant, the affidavit shall set out, in relation to the service, and in relation to each person to whom the application relates, the following information, so far as it can be derived from the agency’s records:

                     (a)  the number of previous applications (if any) for warrants that the agency has made and that related to the service or to that person, as the case may be;

                     (b)  the number of warrants (if any) previously issued on such applications; and

                     (c)  particulars of the use made by the agency of information obtained by interceptions under such warrants.

          (4A)  If the application is for a named person warrant, the affidavit must set out:

                     (a)  the name or names by which the person is known; and

                     (b)  details (to the extent these are known to the chief officer) sufficient to identify the telecommunications services the person is using, or is likely to use; and

                   (ba)  if the warrant would authorise interception of communications made by means of a telecommunications device or telecommunications devices identified in the warrant—details (to the extent these are known to the chief officer) sufficient to identify the telecommunications device or telecommunications devices that the person is using, or is likely to use; and

                     (c)  the number of previous applications (if any) for warrants that the agency has made and that related to the person or to a service that the person has used; and

                     (d)  the number of warrants (if any) previously issued on such applications; and

                     (e)  particulars of the use made by the agency of information obtained by interceptions under such warrants.

             (5)  Notwithstanding subsection (1), a written application may be accompanied by 2 or more affidavits that together set out each matter that, but for this subsection, this section would have required an affidavit accompanying the application to set out, specify or state.

43  Information to be given on telephone application

                   The information given to a Judge or nominated AAT member in connection with a telephone application to the Judge or nominated AAT member:

                     (a)  shall include particulars of the urgent circumstances because of which the person making the application on the agency’s behalf thinks it necessary to make the application by telephone;

                     (b)  shall include each matter that, if the application had been made in writing, section 41, 42 or 48 would have required the application, or an affidavit accompanying it, to set out, specify or state; and

                     (c)  shall be given orally or in writing, as the Judge or nominated AAT member directs.

44  Giving further information to Judge

             (1)  A Judge or nominated AAT member may require further information to be given in connection with an application to the Judge or nominated AAT member for a warrant.

             (2)  The further information:

                     (a)  shall be given on oath if the application was made in writing; and

                     (b)  shall be given orally or otherwise, as the Judge or nominated AAT member directs.

44A  Application by interception agency of Victoria

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an interception agency of Victoria applies, under section 39, to an eligible Judge or nominated AAT member for a warrant in respect of a telecommunications service or a person.

PIM may make submissions

             (2)  A Victorian PIM may, orally or in writing, make submissions to the Judge or nominated AAT member about the following matters:

                     (a)  in relation to an application for a warrant in respect of a telecommunications service—the matters mentioned in paragraphs 46(2)(a) to (f);

                     (b)  in relation to an application for a warrant in respect of a person—the matters mentioned in paragraphs 46A(2)(a) to (f).

PIM may question certain persons

             (3)  The Victorian PIM may, for the purpose of making submissions under subsection (2), question:

                     (a)  the person making the application for the warrant on the interception agency’s behalf; or

                     (b)  a person who, under section 44, is required by the Judge or nominated AAT member to give further information to the Judge or nominated AAT member in connection with the application.

However, the Victorian PIM may only do so in the presence of the eligible Judge or nominated AAT member.

45  Application by interception agency of Queensland

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an interception agency of Queensland applies, under section 39, to an eligible Judge or nominated AAT member for a warrant in respect of a telecommunications service or a person.

PIM may make submissions

             (2)  A Queensland PIM may, orally or in writing, make submissions to the Judge or nominated AAT member about the following matters:

                     (a)  in relation to an application for a warrant in respect of a telecommunications service—the matters mentioned in paragraphs 46(2)(a) to (f);

                     (b)  in relation to an application for a warrant in respect of a person—the matters mentioned in paragraphs 46A(2)(a) to (f).

PIM may question certain persons

             (3)  The Queensland PIM may, for the purpose of making submissions under subsection (2), question:

                     (a)  the person making the application for the warrant on the interception agency’s behalf; or

                     (b)  a person who, under section 44, is required by the Judge or nominated AAT member to give further information to the Judge or nominated AAT member in connection with the application.

However, the Queensland PIM may only do so in the presence of the eligible Judge or nominated AAT member.

             (4)  A Queensland PIM may delegate to a Queensland deputy PIM the Queensland PIM’s power under subsection (2) or (3), or both. The delegation must be in writing.

             (5)  In exercising powers under the delegation, the Queensland deputy PIM must comply with any directions of the Queensland PIM.

45A  State law not affected

                   If:

                     (a)  a person (the applicant) applies, or proposes to apply, under section 39, on behalf of an interception agency of Victoria or Queensland for a warrant in respect of a telecommunications service or a person; and

                     (b)  a law of that State authorises or requires the applicant:

                              (i)  to notify the PIM of that State of the application or proposed application; or

                             (ii)  to notify the PIM of that State of any information that relates to the application or proposed application; or

                            (iii)  to give the PIM of that State any document that relates to the application or proposed application;

then nothing in this Act prevents the applicant from making the notification or giving the document to the PIM of that State.

Division 4Warrants

46  Issue of telecommunications service warrant

             (1)  Where an agency applies to an eligible Judge or nominated AAT member for a warrant in respect of a telecommunications service and the Judge or nominated AAT member is satisfied, on the basis of the information given to the Judge or nominated AAT member under this Part in connection with the application, that:

                     (a)  Division 3 has been complied with in relation to the application; and

                     (b)  in the case of a telephone application—because of urgent circumstances, it was necessary to make the application by telephone; and

                     (c)  there are reasonable grounds for suspecting that a particular person is using, or is likely to use, the service; and

                     (d)  information that would be likely to be obtained by intercepting under a warrant communications made to or from the service would be likely to assist in connection with the investigation by the agency of a serious offence, or serious offences, in which:

                              (i)  the particular person is involved; or

                             (ii)  another person is involved with whom the particular person is likely to communicate using the service; and

                     (e)  having regard to the matters referred to in subsection (2), and to no other matters, the Judge or nominated AAT member should issue a warrant authorising such communications to be intercepted;

the Judge or nominated AAT member may, in his or her discretion, issue such a warrant.

Note:          Subparagraph (d)(ii)—subsection (3) restricts the issuing of warrants if subparagraph (d)(ii) applies.

             (2)  The matters to which the Judge or nominated AAT member shall have regard are:

                     (a)  how much the privacy of any person or persons would be likely to be interfered with by intercepting under a warrant communications made to or from the service referred to in subsection (1); and

                     (b)  the gravity of the conduct constituting the offence or offences being investigated; and

                     (c)  how much the information referred to in paragraph (1)(d) would be likely to assist in connection with the investigation by the agency of the offence or offences; and

                     (d)  to what extent methods of investigating the offence or offences that do not involve so intercepting communications have been used by, or are available to, the agency; and

                     (e)  how much the use of such methods would be likely to assist in connection with the investigation by the agency of the offence or offences; and

                      (f)  how much the use of such methods would be likely to prejudice the investigation by the agency of the offence or offences, whether because of delay or for any other reason; and

                    (fa)  in relation to an application by an interception agency of Victoria—any submissions made by the Victorian PIM under section 44A to the Judge or nominated AAT member; and

                     (g)  in relation to an application by an interception agency of Queensland—any submissions made by the Queensland PIM under section 45 to the Judge or nominated AAT member.

             (3)  The Judge or nominated AAT member must not issue a warrant in a case in which subparagraph (1)(d)(ii) applies unless he or she is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the agency has exhausted all other practicable methods of identifying the telecommunications services used, or likely to be used, by the person involved in the offence or offences referred to in paragraph (1)(d); or

                     (b)  interception of communications made to or from a telecommunications service used or likely to be used by that person would not otherwise be possible.

46A  Issue of named person warrant

             (1)  Where an agency applies to an eligible Judge or nominated AAT member for a warrant in respect of a person and the Judge or nominated AAT member is satisfied, on the basis of the information given to the Judge or nominated AAT member under this Part in connection with the application, that:

                     (a)  Division 3 has been complied with in relation to the application; and

                     (b)  in the case of a telephone application—because of urgent circumstances, it was necessary to make the application by telephone; and

                     (c)  there are reasonable grounds for suspecting that a particular person is using, or is likely to use, more than one telecommunications service; and

                     (d)  information that would be likely to be obtained by intercepting under a warrant:

                              (i)  communications made to or from any telecommunications service that the person is using, or is likely to use; or

                             (ii)  communications made by means of a particular telecommunications device or particular telecommunications devices that the person is using, or is likely to use;

                            would be likely to assist in connection with the investigation by the agency of a serious offence, or serious offences, in which the person is involved; and

                     (e)  having regard to the matters referred to in subsection (2), and to no other matters, the Judge or nominated AAT member should issue a warrant authorising such communications to be intercepted;

the Judge or nominated AAT member may, in his or her discretion, issue such a warrant.

Note:          Subsection (3) restricts the issuing of a warrant authorising interception of communications made by means of a telecommunications device or telecommunications devices identified in the warrant.

             (2)  The matters to which the Judge or nominated AAT member must have regard are:

                     (a)  how much the privacy of any person or persons would be likely to be interfered with by intercepting under a warrant:

                              (i)  communications made to or from any telecommunications service used, or likely to be used, by the person in respect of whom the warrant is sought; or

                             (ii)  communications made by means of a particular telecommunications device or particular telecommunications devices used, or likely to be used, by the person in respect of whom the warrant is sought;

                            as the case requires; and

                     (b)  the gravity of the conduct constituting the offence or offences being investigated; and

                     (c)  how much the information referred to in paragraph (1)(d) would be likely to assist in connection with the investigation by the agency of the offence or offences; and

                     (d)  to what extent methods (including the use of a warrant issued under section 46) of investigating the offence or offences that do not involve the use of a warrant issued under this section in relation to the person have been used by, or are available to, the agency; and

                     (e)  how much the use of such methods would be likely to assist in connection with the investigation by the agency of the offence or offences; and

                      (f)  how much the use of such methods would be likely to prejudice the investigation by the agency of the offence or offences, whether because of delay or for any other reason; and

                    (fa)  in relation to an application by an interception agency of Victoria—any submissions made by the Victorian PIM under section 44A to the Judge or nominated AAT member; and

                     (g)  in relation to an application by an interception agency of Queensland—any submissions made by the Queensland PIM under section 45 to the Judge or nominated AAT member.

             (3)  The Judge or nominated AAT member must not issue a warrant that authorises interception of communications made by means of a telecommunications device or telecommunications devices identified in the warrant unless he or she is satisfied that:

                     (a)  there are no other practicable methods available to the agency at the time of making the application to identify the telecommunications services used, or likely to be used, by the person in respect of whom the warrant would be issued; or

                     (b)  interception of communications made to or from a telecommunications service used, or likely to be used, by that person would not otherwise be practicable.

47  Limit on authority conferred by warrant

                   A warrant issued under section 46 or 46A does not authorise the interception of communications passing over a telecommunications system that a carrier operates unless:

                     (a)  notification of the issue of the warrant has been received by an authorised representative of the carrier under subsection 60(1); and

                     (b)  the interception takes place as a result of action taken by an employee of the carrier.

48  Issue of warrant for entry on premises

             (1)  If an agency could apply for a warrant under section 46 (authorising interceptions of communications to or from a service), it may instead apply for a warrant under this section that also authorises entry on premises. The agency does so by including in the application that would otherwise have been made under section 46 a request that the warrant also authorise entry on specified premises.

             (2)  Where a written application for a warrant includes a request that the warrant authorise entry on specified premises, an affidavit accompanying the application shall:

                     (a)  state why it is considered necessary for the warrant to authorise entry on those premises;

                     (b)  set out the number of previous applications (if any) for warrants that the agency has made and that requested authorisation of entry on those premises; and

                     (c)  set out the number of warrants (if any) previously issued on such application.

             (3)  Where:

                     (a)  an agency applies under this section to an eligible Judge or nominated AAT member for a warrant in respect of a telecommunications service; and

                     (b)  the Judge or nominated AAT member is satisfied that subsection (2) has been complied with in relation to the application; and

                     (c)  section 46 would empower the Judge or nominated AAT member to issue a warrant if the application had been made under either of those sections; and

                    (ca)  Division 3 has been complied with in relation to the application; and

                     (d)  the Judge or nominated AAT member is satisfied, on the basis of the information given to the Judge or nominated AAT member under this Part in connection with the application, that:

                              (i)  for technical reasons connected with the nature or operation of the service or of a telecommunications system of which the service forms a part; or

                             (ii)  where, if the warrant were issued under section 46, communications to or from the telecommunications service would be intercepted while passing over a telecommunications system operated by a carrier—execution of the warrant as a result of action taken by employees of that carrier might jeopardise security of the investigation by the agency of a serious offence in which a person to whom the application relates is involved;

                            it would be impracticable or inappropriate to intercept communications under a warrant in respect of the service otherwise than by the use of equipment or a line installed on those premises;

subsections (4) and (5) apply.

             (4)  The Judge or nominated AAT member may issue a warrant under this section authorising:

                     (a)  entry on those premises in order to install, maintain, use or recover equipment or a line used in the interception of communications being made to or from the service; and

                     (b)  interceptions of such communications by the use of that equipment or line.

             (5)  If the Judge or nominated AAT member issues such a warrant:

                     (a)  the warrant shall state whether entry is authorised to be made at any time of the day or night or only during specified hours; and

                     (b)  the warrant may provide that entry may be made without permission first being sought or demand first being made, and authorise measures that the Judge or nominated AAT member is satisfied are necessary and reasonable for that purpose.

49  Form and content of warrant

             (1)  A warrant shall be in accordance with the prescribed form and shall be signed by the Judge or nominated AAT member who issues it.

             (2)  A warrant may specify conditions or restrictions relating to interceptions under the warrant.

          (2A)  Without limiting subsection (2), a named person warrant may state that the warrant does not authorise the interception of communications made to or from a specified telecommunications service.

             (3)  A warrant shall specify, as the period for which it is to be in force, a period of:

                     (a)  if subparagraph 46(1)(d)(ii) applies—up to 45 days; or

                     (b)  otherwise—up to 90 days.

             (4)  A Judge or nominated AAT member shall not vary a warrant by extending the period for which it is to be in force.

             (5)  Neither of subsections (3) and (4) prevents the issue of a further warrant in respect of a service, or a person, in respect of which a warrant has, or warrants have, previously been issued.

             (6)  In subsection (5), warrant means a warrant issued under this Act.

             (7)  A warrant shall set out short particulars of each serious offence in relation to which the Judge or nominated AAT member issuing the warrant was satisfied, on the application for the warrant, as mentioned in:

                     (a)  in the case of a warrant under section 48—paragraph 46(1)(d); or

                     (b)  otherwise—paragraph 46(1)(d) or 46A(1)(d), as the case requires.

50  Issue of warrant on telephone application

             (1)  As soon as practicable after completing and signing a warrant issued on a telephone application, a Judge or nominated AAT member shall:

                     (b)  inform the person who made the application on the agency’s behalf of:

                              (i)  the terms of the warrant; and

                             (ii)  the day on which, and the time at which, the warrant was signed; and

                     (c)  give the warrant to that person.

             (2)  A Judge or nominated AAT member who issues a warrant on a telephone application shall keep a copy of the warrant.

51  Action by agency after warrant issued on telephone application

             (1)  A person (in this section called the applicant) who makes a telephone application on an agency’s behalf shall comply with this section within one day after the day on which a warrant is issued on the application.

             (2)  The applicant shall cause each person who gave information to the Judge or nominated AAT member in connection with the application to swear an affidavit setting out the information so given by the person.

             (3)  The applicant shall give to the Judge or nominated AAT member:

                     (a)  the affidavit or affidavits; and

                     (b)  unless the applicant is the chief officer of the agency—a copy of an authorisation by the chief officer under subsection 40(3) that was in force in relation to the applicant when the application was made.

52  Judge or nominated AAT member may revoke warrant where section 51 contravened

             (1)  Where a Judge or nominated AAT member who issued a warrant on a telephone application is satisfied that section 51 has not been complied with in relation to the warrant, he or she may, by writing signed by him or her, revoke the warrant and shall, if he or she does so:

                     (a)  immediately inform:

                              (i)  the person who made the application on the agency’s behalf; or

                             (ii)  the chief officer of the agency;

                            of the revocation; and

                     (b)  give the instrument of revocation to that person, or to the chief officer, as soon as practicable.

             (2)  Where a warrant issued to an agency is revoked under subsection (1), the chief officer of the agency must, as soon as practicable, give a copy of the instrument of revocation to the Secretary of the Department.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a warrant has been issued to an agency; and

                     (b)  another agency or the Organisation is exercising authority under that warrant (see section 55); and

                     (c)  the warrant is revoked under subsection (1);

the chief officer of the agency to which the warrant was issued must:

                     (d)  immediately inform the chief officer of the other agency or the Director‑General of Security (as the case requires) of the revocation; and

                     (e)  give a copy of the instrument of revocation to the person referred to in paragraph (d) as soon as practicable.

54  Entry into force of warrants

                   A warrant comes into force when it is issued.

55  Exercise of authority conferred by warrant

             (1)  The authority conferred by a Part 2‑5 warrant may only be exercised by a person in relation to whom an approval under subsection (3) is in force in relation to the warrant.

             (3)  The chief officer of an agency, or an officer of an agency in relation to whom an appointment under subsection (4) is in force, may approve any of the following persons to exercise the authority conferred by warrants (or classes of warrants) issued to the agency:

                     (a)  officers (or classes of officers) of the agency or another agency;

                     (b)  staff members (or classes of staff members) of the agency or another agency;

                     (c)  ASIO employees (or classes of ASIO employees);

                     (d)  persons assisting the Organisation in the performance of its functions.

             (4)  The chief officer of an agency may appoint in writing an officer of the agency to be an approving officer for the purposes of subsection (3).

             (5)  In spite of subsection (1), a designated officer, or an employee of a carrier, may provide technical assistance to a person who is exercising the authority conferred by a warrant.

             (6)  A reference in subsection (5) to the provision of technical assistance includes a reference to:

                     (a)  the doing of any act involved in the interception of a communication under a warrant, to the extent that the act is incidental to the doing of an act referred to in paragraph (b); and

                     (b)  the doing of any act in connection with:

                              (i)  the installation of equipment for the purposes of intercepting a communication in accordance with a warrant; or

                             (ii)  the maintenance, testing or use of such equipment; or

                            (iii)  the removal of such equipment.

             (7)  The chief officer of an agency or a person who is an approving officer for an agency under subsection (4) may, in writing, declare persons to be designated officers for the purposes of subsection (5).

             (8)  To avoid doubt, the Organisation exercises authority under a warrant even if a person assisting the Organisation in the performance of its functions, who is not an ASIO employee, is approved to exercise that authority under paragraph (3)(d).

57  Revocation of warrant by chief officer

             (1)  The chief officer of an agency:

                     (a)  may, at any time, by signed writing, revoke a warrant issued to the agency; and

                     (b)  must do so, if he or she is satisfied that the grounds on which the warrant was issued to the agency have ceased to exist.

             (2)  If another agency or the Organisation is exercising authority under the warrant, then before revoking the warrant, the chief officer must inform the chief officer of the other agency or the Director‑General of Security (as the case requires) of the proposed revocation.

             (3)  After revoking the warrant, the chief officer must:

                     (a)  if subsection (2) applies—immediately inform the chief officer of the other agency or the Director‑General of Security (as the case requires) of the revocation; and

                     (b)  in any case—give a copy of the instrument of revocation to the Secretary of the Department as soon as practicable.

             (4)  The chief officer of an agency may delegate his or her power under paragraph (1)(a) to a certifying officer of the agency.

             (5)  This section does not apply in relation to a warrant that has ceased to be in force.

58  Discontinuance of interceptions under certain warrants

             (1)  The chief officer of an agency must, on the revocation or proposed revocation of a warrant issued to the agency, immediately take such steps as are necessary to ensure that interceptions of communications under the warrant are discontinued.

             (2)  If the chief officer of an agency or the Director‑General of Security is informed under section 57 of the revocation or proposed revocation of a warrant, he or she must immediately take such steps as are necessary to ensure that interceptions of communications under the warrant by the agency or the Organisation (as the case requires) are discontinued.

59  When revocation of certain warrants takes effect

                   A warrant revoked under subsection 52(1) or 57(1) does not cease to be in force until the instrument of revocation is received by or on behalf of the Secretary of the Department or the warrant expires, whichever happens sooner.

59A  Notification to Secretary of the Department

             (1)  Where a Part 2‑5 warrant is issued to an agency, the chief officer of the agency must cause a copy of the warrant to be given to the Secretary of the Department as soon as practicable.

             (2)  Where:

                     (a)  it is proposed, under a warrant issued under section 46A, to intercept communications made to or from a telecommunications service; and

                     (b)  the warrant is not a warrant that authorises interception of communications made by means of a telecommunications device or telecommunications devices identified in the warrant; and

                     (c)  the service was not identified in the warrant;

the chief officer must cause the Secretary of the Department to be given, as soon as practicable, a description in writing of the service sufficient to identify it.

60  Notification to authorised representative of carrier of issue or revocation of certain warrants

             (1)  Where:

                     (a)  a warrant (other than a warrant issued under section 48) is issued to an agency; and

                     (b)  it is proposed, under the warrant, to intercept communications to or from a telecommunications service while they are passing over a telecommunications system operated by a carrier;

a certifying officer of the agency shall cause;

                     (c)  an authorised representative of that carrier to be informed immediately of the issue of the warrant; and

                     (d)  a copy of the warrant, certified in writing by a certifying officer of the agency to be a true copy of the warrant, to be given as soon as practicable to that authorised representative.

             (3)  Where:

                     (a)  an authorised representative of a carrier has been informed, under subsection (1), of the issue of a warrant; and

                     (b)  the warrant is revoked;

a certifying officer of the agency to which the warrant was issued shall cause:

                     (c)  that authorised representative to be informed immediately of the revocation; and

                     (d)  a copy of the instrument of revocation, certified in writing by a certifying officer of the agency to be a true copy of the instrument, to be given as soon as practicable to that authorised representative.

             (4)  Where:

                     (a)  an authorised representative of a carrier has been informed, under subsection (1), of the issue of a named person warrant; and

                    (aa)  the warrant is not a warrant that authorises interception of communications made by means of a telecommunications device or telecommunications devices identified in the warrant; and

                     (b)  it is proposed, under the warrant, to intercept communications made to or from a telecommunications service operated by a carrier; and

                     (c)  the service was not identified in the warrant;

a certifying officer of the agency must cause that authorised representative to be given, as soon as practicable, a description in writing of the service sufficient to identify it.

          (4A)  Where:

                     (a)  an authorised representative of a carrier has been informed, under subsection (1), of the issue of a named person warrant; and

                     (b)  the warrant is a warrant that authorises interception of communications made by means of a telecommunications device or telecommunications devices identified in the warrant; and

                     (c)  it is proposed, under the warrant, to intercept, by means of a telecommunications device, communications made to or from a telecommunications service operated by the carrier; and

                     (d)  the device was not identified in the warrant;

a certifying officer of the agency must cause that authorised representative to be given, as soon as practicable, a description in writing of the device sufficient to identify it.

             (5)  Where:

                     (a)  an authorised representative of a carrier has been informed, under subsection (1) of the issue of a named person warrant; and

                     (b)  a certifying officer of that agency is satisfied that the interception of communications made to or from a particular service, or by means of a particular device or particular devices, is no longer required;

the certifying officer must cause:

                     (c)  that authorised representative to be informed immediately of the fact; and

                     (d)  confirmation in writing of the fact to be given as soon as practicable to that authorised representative.

61  Evidentiary certificates

             (1)  The following:

                     (a)  the Managing Director of a carrier;

                     (b)  the secretary of a carrier;

                     (c)  an employee of a carrier authorised in writing for the purposes of this paragraph by the Managing Director or the secretary of the carrier;

may issue a written certificate signed by him or her setting out such facts as he or she considers relevant with respect to acts or things done by, or in relation to, employees of the carrier in order to enable a warrant to be executed.

             (2)  A document purporting to be a certificate issued under subsection (1) and purporting to be signed by the Managing Director or secretary, or an employee, of a carrier shall be received in evidence in an exempt proceeding without further proof and is, in an exempt proceeding, conclusive evidence of the matters stated in the document.

             (4)  A certifying officer of an agency may issue a written certificate signed by him or her setting out such facts as he or she considers relevant with respect to:

                     (a)  anything done by an officer or staff member of the agency in connection with the execution of a Part 2‑5 warrant; or

                     (b)  anything done by an officer or staff member of the agency in connection with:

                              (i)  the communication by a person to another person of; or

                             (ii)  the making use of; or

                            (iii)  the making of a record of; or

                            (iv)  the custody of a record of; or

                             (v)  the giving in evidence of;

                            information obtained by the execution of such a warrant.

          (4A)  A certifying person may issue a written certificate signed by him or her setting out such facts as he or she considers relevant with respect to:

                     (a)  anything done by a person referred to in paragraph 55(3)(c) or (d) in connection with the execution of a Part 2‑5 warrant; or

                     (b)  anything done by a person referred to in paragraph 55(3)(c) or (d) in connection with:

                              (i)  the communication by a person to another person of; or

                             (ii)  the making use of; or

                            (iii)  the making of a record of; or

                            (iv)  the custody of a record of; or

                             (v)  the giving in evidence of;

                            information obtained by the execution of such a warrant.

             (5)  A document purporting to be a certificate issued under subsection (4) or (4A) by a certifying officer of an agency, or a certifying person, and to be signed by him or her:

                     (a)  is to be received in evidence in an exempt proceeding without further proof; and

                     (b)  in an exempt proceeding, is prima facie evidence of the matters stated in the document.

             (6)  In subsections (1) and (2), a reference to the Managing Director or secretary of a carrier includes a reference to the Managing Director or secretary of a body corporate of which the carrier is a subsidiary.

             (7)  For the purposes of this section, the question whether a body corporate is a subsidiary of another body corporate is to be determined in the same manner as the question is determined under the Corporations Act 2001.

61A  Certified copy of warrant

                   A document certified in writing by a certifying officer of an agency to be a true copy of a warrant shall be received in evidence in an exempt proceeding as if it were the original warrant.

Part 2‑6Dealing with intercepted information etc.

  

62  Application of Part

                   Except so far as the contrary intention appears, this Part applies in relation to:

                     (a)  information, whether obtained before or after the commencement of this Part;

                     (b)  an interception, whether before or after that commencement, of a communication; and

                     (c)  a proceeding, whether begun before or after that commencement.

63  No dealing in intercepted information or interception warrant information

             (1)  Subject to this Part, a person shall not, after the commencement of this Part:

                     (a)  communicate to another person, make use of, or make a record of; or

                     (b)  give in evidence in a proceeding;

lawfully intercepted information or information obtained by intercepting a communication in contravention of subsection 7(1).

             (2)  Subject to this Part, a person must not, after the commencement of this subsection:

                     (a)  communicate interception warrant information to another person; or

                     (b)  make use of interception warrant information; or

                     (c)  make a record of interception warrant information; or

                     (d)  give interception warrant information in evidence in a proceeding.

63AA  Dealing in interception warrant information for the purposes of Part 2‑2, 2‑5, 2‑7 or 2‑8

                   A person may, for the purposes of Part 2‑2, 2‑5, 2‑7 or 2‑8:

                     (a)  communicate interception warrant information to another person; or

                     (b)  make use of interception warrant information; or

                     (c)  make a record of interception warrant information; or

                     (d)  give interception warrant information in evidence in a proceeding.

63A  Dealing in connection with existing proceeding

             (1)  A person may:

                     (a)  for a purpose connected with a proceeding begun before the commencement of this Part, or for 2 or more such purposes, and for no other purpose, communicate to another person, make use of, or make a record of; or

                     (b)  give in evidence in such a proceeding;

information:

                     (c)  obtained by intercepting a communication before that commencement, whether or not in contravention of subsection 7(1); or

                     (d)  obtained, before that commencement, by virtue of a warrant issued under section 11A.

             (2)  Nothing in subsection (1) makes admissible in evidence in any proceedings information, obtained by virtue of a warrant that was defective, that would not have been admissible in those proceedings if that subsection had not been enacted.

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, a proceeding by way of a prosecution of a person on indictment for an offence shall be deemed to have begun before the commencement of this Part if a proceeding with a view to the committal of the person for trial for the offence began before that commencement.

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, a proceeding by way of an appeal from, or otherwise arising out of, another proceeding shall be deemed to have begun before the commencement of this Part if the other proceeding began, or by virtue of any other application or applications of this section is deemed to have begun, before that commencement.

63B  Dealing in information by employees of carriers

             (1)  An employee of a carrier may, in the performance of his or her duties as such an employee, communicate or make use of, or cause to be communicated, information (being information that has been lawfully obtained or obtained by intercepting a communication in contravention of subsection 7(1)) relating to:

                     (a)  the operation or maintenance of a telecommunications network operated by the carrier; or

                     (b)  the supply of services by the carrier by means of a telecommunications network.

             (2)  An employee of a carrier may communicate or cause to be communicated to another carrier, or to an employee of another carrier, information (being information that has been lawfully obtained or obtained by intercepting a communication in contravention of subsection 7(1)) relating to:

                     (a)  the operation or maintenance of a telecommunications network operated by the other carrier; or

                     (b)  the supply of services by the other carrier by means of a telecommunications network;

if the communication of the information is for the purpose of the carrying on by the other carrier of its business relating to the supply of services by means of a telecommunications network operated by the other carrier.

             (3)  An employee of a carrier may, in the performance of his or her duties as such an employee, communicate or make use of, or cause to be communicated, interception warrant information if the information is reasonably necessary to enable the interception of a communication under a warrant.

             (4)  An employee of a carrier may communicate or cause to be communicated to another carrier, or to an employee of another carrier, interception warrant information if the information is reasonably necessary to enable the interception of a communication under a warrant.

63C  Dealing in information for network protection purposes etc.

             (1)  Subject to subsection (3), a person engaged in network protection duties in relation to a computer network may, in performing those duties, communicate or make use of, or cause to be communicated, lawfully intercepted information that was obtained by intercepting a communication under paragraph 7(2)(aaa).

             (2)  Subject to subsection (3), a person engaged in network protection duties in relation to a computer network may communicate, or cause to be communicated, to the following persons lawfully intercepted information that was obtained by intercepting a communication under paragraph 7(2)(aaa):

                     (a)  a responsible person for the network;

                     (b)  another person if the information is reasonably necessary to enable the other person to perform the other person’s network protection duties in relation to the network.

             (3)  A person must not communicate or make use of, or cause to be communicated, lawfully intercepted information under subsection (1) or (2) if the information was obtained by converting a communication intercepted under paragraph 7(2)(aaa) into a voice communication in the form of speech (including a communication that involves a recorded or synthetic voice).

63D  Dealing in information for disciplinary purposes

             (1)  This section applies to a person engaged in network protection duties in relation to a computer network if:

                     (a)  the network is operated by, or on behalf of, a Commonwealth agency, security authority or eligible authority of a State; and

                     (b)  the duties are of a kind referred to in paragraph (b) of the definition of network protection duties in subsection 5(1).

             (2)  Subject to subsections (3) and (4), the person may communicate or make use of, or cause to be communicated, lawfully intercepted information that was obtained by intercepting a communication under paragraph 7(2)(aaa) if the communication or use is for the purpose of:

                     (a)  determining whether disciplinary action should be taken in relation to a use of the network by an employee, office holder or contractor of the agency or authority; or

                     (b)  taking disciplinary action in relation to a use of the network by such an employee, office holder or contractor in a case where the use is not an appropriate use of the network by that employee, office holder or contractor; or

                     (c)  reviewing a decision to take such disciplinary action.

Note:          See section 6AAA for when a computer network is appropriately used by such an employee, office holder or contractor.

             (3)  A person must not communicate or make use of, or cause to be communicated, lawfully intercepted information under subsection (2) if the information was obtained by converting a communication intercepted under paragraph 7(2)(aaa) into a voice communication in the form of speech (including a communication that involves a recorded or synthetic voice).

             (4)  A person must not communicate or make use of, or cause to be communicated, lawfully intercepted information for a purpose referred to in subsection (2) if the person would contravene another law of the Commonwealth, or a law of a State or Territory, in doing so.

63E  Responsible person for a computer network may communicate information to an agency

                   A responsible person for a computer network may communicate lawfully intercepted information (other than foreign intelligence information) to an officer of an agency if:

                     (a)  the information was communicated to the responsible person under paragraph 63C(2)(a); and

                     (b)  the responsible person suspects, on reasonable grounds, that the information is relevant to determining whether another person has committed a prescribed offence.

64  Dealing in connection with Organisation’s or Inspector‑General’s functions

             (1)  A person may, in connection with the performance by the Organisation of its functions or the performance by the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security of his or her functions, or otherwise for purposes of security, communicate to another person, make use of, or make a record of the following:

                     (a)  lawfully intercepted information other than foreign intelligence information;

                     (b)  interception warrant information.

             (2)  A person, being the Director‑General of Security or an ASIO employee, ASIO affiliate or IGIS official, may:

                     (a)  in connection with the performance by the Organisation of its functions; or

                     (b)  in connection with the performance by the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security of his or her functions;

communicate to another such person, make use of, or make a record of, foreign intelligence information.

             (3)  Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply to information:

                     (a)  obtained by a person referred to in paragraph 55(3)(c) or (d) by intercepting a communication when exercising authority under a warrant issued to an agency; or

                     (b)  communicated, in accordance with section 66, to a person referred to in paragraph 55(3)(c); or

                     (c)  that is interception warrant information in relation to a warrant issued to an agency;

unless the information has been communicated to the Director‑General of Security under section 68.

             (4)  However, a person referred to in paragraph 55(3)(c) or (d) may communicate to another person, make use of, or make a record of information referred to in paragraph (3)(a), (b) or (c) of this section, that has not been communicated to the Director‑General of Security under section 68, for a purpose or purposes connected with the investigation to which the warrant, under which the information was obtained, relates, and for no other purpose.

65  Communicating information obtained by Organisation

             (1)  The Director‑General of Security may, personally, or by a person authorised by the Director‑General, communicate to another person, in accordance with subsection 18(3) or (4A), or subsection 19A(4) of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979 the following:

                     (a)  lawfully intercepted information;

                     (b)  interception warrant information.

             (2)  A person to whom foreign intelligence information has been communicated in accordance with subsection (1), or in accordance with an approval given under this subsection, may communicate that information to such persons, and in such manner, as are approved in writing by the Attorney‑General.

             (3)  Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply to information:

                     (a)  obtained by a person referred to in paragraph 55(3)(c) or (d) by intercepting a communication when exercising authority under a warrant issued to an agency; or

                     (b)  communicated, in accordance with section 66, to a person referred to in paragraph 55(3)(c); or

                     (c)  that is interception warrant information in relation to a warrant issued to an agency;

unless the information has been communicated to the Director‑General of Security under section 68.

Note:          See subsection 64(4) for when the Director‑General of Security may communicate information, referred to in paragraph (3)(a), (b) or (c) of this section, that has not been communicated under section 68.

65A  Employee of carrier may communicate information to agency

                   An employee of a carrier may, for a purpose or purposes connected with the investigation by an agency of a serious offence, and for no other purpose, communicate to an officer of the agency the following:

                     (a)  lawfully intercepted information other than foreign intelligence information;

                     (b)  interception warrant information.

66  Interceptor may communicate to officer who applied for warrant or authorised person

             (1)  A person who has intercepted a communication under a warrant issued to an agency may communicate information obtained by the interception to:

                     (a)  the officer of the agency who applied for the warrant on the agency’s behalf; or

                     (b)  a person in relation to whom an authorisation under subsection (2) is in force in relation to the warrant.

             (2)  The chief officer of an agency, or an authorising officer of an agency for whom an appointment under subsection (4) is in force, may authorise in writing a person (or class of person) referred to in any of paragraphs 55(3)(a) to (c) to receive information obtained by interceptions under warrants (or classes of warrants) issued to the agency.

             (3)  The chief officer, or an authorising officer, of an agency may make an authorisation under subsection (2) in relation to a person (or class of person) who is not an officer or staff member of that agency only for a purpose or purposes connected with an investigation to which a warrant issued to that agency relates.

             (4)  The chief officer of an agency may appoint in writing an officer of the agency to be an authorising officer for the purposes of this section.

67  Dealing for permitted purpose in relation to agency

             (1)  An officer or staff member of an agency may, for a permitted purpose, or permitted purposes, in relation to the agency, and for no other purpose, communicate to another person, make use of, or make a record of the following:

                     (a)  lawfully intercepted information other than foreign intelligence information;

                     (b)  interception warrant information.

          (1A)  Subsection (1) does not apply to information:

                     (a)  obtained by an officer or staff member of an agency by intercepting a communication when exercising authority under a warrant issued to another agency; or

                     (b)  communicated to an officer or staff member of an agency in accordance with section 66, where the information was obtained by intercepting a communication under a warrant issued to another agency; or

                     (c)  that is interception warrant information in relation to a warrant issued to another agency;

unless the information has been communicated to an officer of the agency under section 68.

          (1B)  However, an officer or staff member of an agency may communicate to another person, make use of, or make a record of information referred to paragraph (1A)(a), (b) or (c), that has not been communicated to an officer of the agency under section 68, for a purpose or purposes connected with the investigation to which the warrant, under which the information was obtained, relates, and for no other purpose.

             (2)  An officer of an eligible Commonwealth authority may, for a permitted purpose, or permitted purposes, in relation to the authority, and for no other purpose, communicate to another person, make use of, or make a record of the following:

                     (a)  lawfully intercepted information other than foreign intelligence information;

                     (b)  interception warrant information.

68  Chief officer may communicate information obtained by agency

                   The chief officer of an agency (in this section called the originating agency) may, personally, or by an officer of the originating agency authorised by the chief officer, communicate lawfully intercepted information that was originally obtained by the originating agency or interception warrant information:

                     (a)  if the information relates, or appears to relate, to activities prejudicial to security—to the Director‑General of Security; and

                     (b)  if the information relates, or appears to relate, to the commission of a relevant offence in relation to another agency:

                              (i)  if the other agency is the Australian Federal Police or the Police Force of a State—to a member of the Australian Federal Police or an officer of that Police Force, as the case may be; or

                             (ii)  in any other case—to the chief officer of the other agency; and

                     (c)  if the information relates, or appears to relate, to:

                              (i)  the subject matter of a proceeding under a law of the Commonwealth for the confiscation or forfeiture of property, or for the imposition of a pecuniary penalty, in connection with the commission of a prescribed offence; or

                             (ii)  an act or omission by a member of the Australian Federal Police that may give rise to a proceeding against that member, or to which a proceeding against that member relates, being a police disciplinary proceeding; or

                           (iia)  an act or omission by an AFP employee or special member of the Australian Federal Police that may give rise to a decision by the Commissioner of Police to terminate the employment of the employee or the appointment of the special member; or

                            (iii)  misbehaviour or improper conduct of an officer of the Commonwealth;

                            and the originating agency is not the Australian Federal Police—to the Commissioner of Police; and

                    (ca)  if:

                              (i)  the information relates, or appears to relate, to an act or omission by a member of the staff of the ACC that may give rise to a decision by the Chief Executive Officer of the ACC to terminate the employment of the staff member; and

                             (ii)  the originating agency is not the ACC;

                            to the Chief Executive Officer of the ACC; and

                     (d)  if the information relates, or appears to relate, to:

                              (i)  the subject matter of a proceeding under a law of a State for the confiscation or forfeiture of property, or for the imposition of a pecuniary penalty, in connection with the commission of a prescribed offence; or

                            (ia)  the subject matter of a proceeding under, or in relation to a matter arising under, an organised crime control law of a State; or

                             (ii)  an act or omission by an officer of the Police Force of a State that may give rise to a proceeding against that officer, or to which a proceeding against that officer relates, being a police disciplinary proceeding; or

                           (iia)  an act or omission by an officer or member of staff of the Police Force of a State that may give rise to a decision by the Commissioner of that Police Force to terminate the appointment of the officer or member of staff; or

                            (iii)  misbehaviour or improper conduct of an officer of a State;

                            and the originating agency is not the Police Force of that State—to the Commissioner of that Police Force; and

                   (da)  if the information relates, or appears to relate, to the commission of a relevant offence in relation to an eligible Commonwealth authority—to the chief officer of the eligible Commonwealth authority; and

                   (db)  if the information relates, or appears to relate, to a corruption issue or an ACLEI corruption issue (within the meaning of the Law Enforcement Integrity Commissioner Act 2006)—to the Integrity Commissioner; and

                    (ea)  if the information relates, or appears to relate, to a matter that may give rise to an investigation by the Independent Commission Against Corruption—to the Commissioner of the Independent Commission Against Corruption; and

                   (eb)  if the information relates, or appears to relate, to a matter that may give rise to an investigation by the Inspector of the Independent Commission Against Corruption—to the Inspector of the Independent Commission Against Corruption; and

                    (ec)  if the information relates, or appears to relate, to a matter that may give rise to an investigation by the IBAC—to the Commissioner of the IBAC; and

                   (ed)  if the information relates, or appears to relate, to a matter that may give rise to an investigation by the Victorian Inspectorate—to the Inspector of the Victorian Inspectorate; and

                      (f)  if the information relates, or appears to relate, to a matter that may give rise to an investigation by the Police Integrity Commission—to the Commissioner of the Police Integrity Commission; and

                    (fa)  if the information relates, or appears to relate, to a matter that may give rise to an investigation by the Inspector of the Police Integrity Commission—to the Inspector of the Police Integrity Commission; and

                     (h)  if the information relates, or appears to relate, to a matter that may give rise to an investigation by the Crime and Corruption Commission—to the Commissioner of the Crime and Corruption Commission; and

                      (j)  if the information relates, or appears to relate, to a matter that may give rise to an investigation by the Corruption and Crime Commission—to the Commissioner of the Corruption and Crime Commission; and

                    (ja)  if the information relates, or appears to relate, to a matter that may give rise to an investigation by the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption—to the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption; and

                     (k)  if the information relates, or appears to relate, to a matter that may give rise to the dealing by the Parliamentary Inspector of the Corruption and Crime Commission with a matter of misconduct (within the meaning of the Corruption and Crime Commission Act)—to the Parliamentary Inspector of the Corruption and Crime Commission; and

                      (l)  if the Attorney‑General has authorised the provision of the information to a foreign country under subsection 13A(1) of the Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Act 1987—to that foreign country, or to the Secretary of the Department for the purpose of providing the information to that foreign country; and

                    (m)  to the chief officer of the Australian Federal Police or the ACC, if the information relates, or appears to relate, to either of the following:

                              (i)  a matter in relation to which an application for an integrity authority may be made, is intended to be made or has been made in relation to that agency;

                             (ii)  a matter in relation to which that agency has conducted, or is conducting, an integrity operation; and

                     (n)  to the chief officer of the Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity, if the information relates, or appears to relate, to either of the following:

                              (i)  a matter in relation to which an application for an integrity authority may be made, is intended to be made or has been made in relation to the Australian Federal Police, the ACC or the Immigration and Border Protection Department;

                             (ii)  a matter in relation to which the Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity has conducted, or is conducting, an integrity operation; and

                     (o)  if the originating agency is the Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity—to the Secretary of the Immigration and Border Protection Department, in the case of information that relates, or appears to relate, to either of the following:

                              (i)  a matter in relation to which an application for an integrity authority may be made, is intended to be made or has been made in relation to the Immigration and Border Protection Department;

                             (ii)  a matter in relation to which the Immigration and Border Protection Department is conducting an integrity operation.

68A  Communicating information obtained by Secretary

             (1)  The Secretary of the Department may, personally, or by a person authorised by him or her, communicate to another person (including a foreign country) lawfully intercepted information or interception warrant information if:

                     (a)  the information was communicated to the Secretary under paragraph 68(l) for the purpose of providing the information to a foreign country; and

                     (b)  the communication of the information is for purposes connected with providing the information to the foreign country.

             (2)  A person to whom lawfully intercepted information or interception warrant information has been communicated under subsection (1) or this subsection may communicate that information to another person (including a foreign country) for purposes connected with providing the information to the foreign country.

69  State authority may ask not to receive information under section 68

             (1)  The chief officer of an eligible authority of a State in relation to which no declaration is in force under section 34 may, by writing given to the chief officer of another agency, request the other agency not to communicate information under section 68 to the eligible authority.

             (2)  A request under subsection (1) remains in force until:

                     (a)  the chief officer of the eligible authority revokes the request by writing given to the chief officer of the other agency; or

                     (b)  a declaration is made under section 34 in relation to the eligible authority.

             (3)  Where a request under subsection (1) is in force, section 68 does not permit an officer of the other agency to communicate information to an officer of the eligible authority.

70  Communicating information obtained by interception under Part 2‑3

                   A member of a police force may, in the course of performing his or her duties as such a member, communicate to another member of a police force, or to any other person whose assistance may be required in dealing with an emergency of a kind referred to in paragraph 30(1)(b), information communicated (whether before or after the commencement of this section) to the first‑mentioned member in accordance with subsection 30(3) or this section.

71  Dealing with information where interception suspected to be unlawful

             (1)  Where a person suspects on reasonable grounds that information (in this section called the relevant information) obtained by intercepting a communication may tend to establish that a prescribed offence (in this section called a suspected offence), being:

                     (a)  an offence against subsection 7(1) constituted by the interception, or by authorising, suffering or permitting, or doing an act or thing to enable, the interception;

                     (b)  an offence against section 63 constituted by communicating to a person, making use of, making a record of, or giving in evidence in a proceeding, information obtained by the interception; or

                     (c)  an ancillary offence relating to an offence of a kind referred to in paragraph (a) or (b) of this subsection;

has been committed, the succeeding provisions of this section have effect, whether or not the interception contravened subsection 7(1).

             (2)  The person may communicate the relevant information to:

                     (a)  the Attorney‑General;

                     (b)  the Director of Public Prosecutions;

                     (c)  the Commissioner of Police; or

                    (ca)  the Integrity Commissioner; or

                     (d)  the Chief Executive Officer of the ACC.

             (3)  A person to whom the relevant information is communicated in accordance with subsection (2) may, for a purpose connected with:

                     (a)  an investigation of a suspected offence;

                     (b)  the making by an authority, body or person of a decision whether or not to begin a proceeding by way of a prosecution for a suspected offence; or

                     (c)  a proceeding by way of a prosecution for a suspected offence;

or for 2 or more such purposes, and for no other purpose, communicate to another person, make use of, or make a record of, some or all of the relevant information.

72  Making record for purpose of permitted communication

                   A person who is permitted by section 63B, 63C, 63D, 63E, 65 or 65A, subsection 66(1), section 68 or subsection 71(2) to communicate particular information to another person may, for the purpose of so communicating the information in accordance with that section or subsection, make a record of the information, or cause such a record to be made.

73  Further dealing by recipient of certain information

             (1)  Subject to subsections (2) and (3), a person to whom information has, in accordance with section 63A, subsection 63B(2), 63C(2) or 63D(2), section 67, subsection 71(3) or this subsection, been communicated for a purpose, or for 2 or more purposes, may, for that purpose, or for one or more of those purposes, and for no other purpose, communicate to another person, make use of, or make a record of, that information.

             (2)  If a person to whom information has been communicated in accordance with subsection 63D(2) communicates the information to another person (the recipient) under subsection (1) of this section, the recipient must not communicate, use, or make a record of, the information under subsection (1) of this section if the recipient would contravene another law of the Commonwealth, or a law of a State or Territory, in doing so.

             (3)  If the recipient communicates that information to a third person under subsection (1) of this section, the third person must not communicate, use, or make a record of, the information under that subsection if the third person would contravene another law of the Commonwealth, or a law of a State or Territory, in doing so.

74  Giving information in evidence in exempt proceeding

             (1)  A person may give lawfully intercepted information (other than foreign intelligence information) in evidence in an exempt proceeding.

             (2)  For the purposes of applying subsection (1) in relation to information, the question whether or not a communication was intercepted in contravention of subsection 7(1) may be determined on the balance of probabilities.

             (3)  A person may give interception warrant information in evidence in an exempt proceeding.

75  Giving information in evidence where defect in connection with warrant

             (1)  Where a communication has been intercepted in contravention of subsection 7(1) but purportedly under a warrant (other than a warrant under section 11A, 11B or 11C), a person may give information obtained by the interception in evidence in an exempt proceeding, being a proceeding in a court or before a tribunal, body, authority or person, if the court, tribunal, body, authority or person, as the case may be, is satisfied that:

                     (a)  but for an irregularity, the interception would not have constituted a contravention of subsection 7(1); and

                     (b)  in all the circumstances, the irregularity should be disregarded.

             (2)  A reference in subsection (1) to an irregularity is a reference to a defect or irregularity (other than a substantial defect or irregularity):

                     (a)  in, or in connection with the issue of, a document purporting to be a warrant; or

                     (b)  in connection with the execution of a warrant, or the purported execution of a document purporting to be a warrant.

75A  Evidence that has been given in exempt proceeding

                   If information is given in evidence (whether before or after the commencement of this section) in an exempt proceeding under section 74 or 75, that information, or any part of that information, may later be given in evidence in any proceeding.

Note:          This section was inserted as a response to the decision of the Court of Appeal of New South Wales in Wood v Beves (1997) 92 A Crim R 209.

76  Giving information in evidence in criminal proceedings under this Act

             (1)  A person may give information obtained by intercepting a communication in contravention of subsection 7(1) in evidence in a proceeding by way of a prosecution for:

                     (a)  an offence against subsection 7(1) constituted by the interception, or by authorising, suffering or permitting, or doing any act or thing to enable, the interception;

                     (b)  an offence against section 63 constituted by communicating to a person, making use of, making a record of, or giving in evidence in a proceeding, information obtained by the interception; or

                     (c)  an ancillary offence relating to an offence of a kind referred to in paragraph (a) or (b) of this subsection.

             (2)  A person may give interception warrant information in evidence in a proceeding by way of a prosecution for:

                     (a)  an offence against subsection 7(1); or

                     (b)  an offence against section 63; or

                     (c)  an ancillary offence relating to an offence of a kind referred to in paragraph (a) or (b) of this subsection.

76A  Giving information in evidence in civil proceedings for remedial relief

             (1)  A person may give information obtained by intercepting a communication in contravention of subsection 7(1) in evidence in a proceeding by way of an application under section 107A for remedial relief in respect of:

                     (a)  the interception; or

                     (b)  the communication (in contravention of section 63) of information obtained by the interception.

             (2)  A person may give interception warrant information in evidence in a proceeding by way of an application under section 107A.

77  Intercepted material and interception warrant information inadmissible except as provided

             (1)  Where a communication passing over a telecommunications system has been intercepted, whether or not in contravention of subsection 7(1), then:

                     (a)  subject to paragraph (b), neither information, nor a record, obtained by the interception is admissible in evidence in a proceeding except in so far as section 63A, 74, 75, 75A, 76 or 76A permits a person to give in evidence in that proceeding information so obtained; and

                     (b)  for the purpose of determining the extent (if any) to which section 63A, 74, 75, 75A, 76 or 76A permits a person to give in evidence in a proceeding information obtained by the interception:

                              (i)  a person may communicate to another person, make use of, make a record of, or give in evidence in the last‑mentioned proceeding, information so obtained; and

                             (ii)  information, or a record, so obtained is admissible in evidence in the last‑mentioned proceeding.

             (2)  Neither information, nor a record, obtained by virtue of a warrant under section 11A, 11B or 11C is admissible in evidence in a proceeding unless section 63A, 74 or 75A permits a person to give in evidence in that proceeding information obtained by virtue of the warrant.

             (3)  Interception warrant information is admissible in evidence in a proceeding only to the extent that section 63AA, 74, 75A, 76 or 76A permits a person to give interception warrant information in evidence in that proceeding.

             (4)  For the purpose of determining the extent (if any) to which section 63AA, 74, 75A, 76 or 76A permits a person to give interception warrant information in evidence in a proceeding:

                     (a)  a person may:

                              (i)  communicate the information to another person; or

                             (ii)  make use of the information; or

                            (iii)  make a record of the information; or

                            (iv)  give the information in evidence in the proceeding; and

                     (b)  the information is admissible in evidence in the proceeding.

78  Where evidence otherwise inadmissible

                   Nothing in this Part renders information, or a restricted record, admissible in evidence in a proceeding to a greater extent than it would have been admissible in evidence in that proceeding if this Part had not been enacted.

79  Destruction of restricted records

             (1)  Where:

                     (a)  a restricted record (whether made before or after the commencement of this section) is in the possession of an agency (other than an eligible authority of a State in relation to which a declaration is in force under section 34); and

                     (b)  the chief officer of the agency is satisfied that the restricted record is not likely to be required for a permitted purpose in relation to the agency;

the chief officer shall cause the restricted record to be destroyed forthwith.

             (2)  In spite of subsection (1), a restricted record must not be destroyed unless the agency has received from the Secretary of the Department written notice that the entry in the General Register relating to the warrant under which the record was obtained has been inspected by the Minister.

             (3)  This section does not apply to a restricted record that is a record of a communication that was intercepted under paragraph 7(2)(aaa).

79A  Responsible person for a computer network must ensure restricted records are destroyed

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a restricted record is a record of a communication that was intercepted under paragraph 7(2)(aaa); and

                     (b)  the restricted record is in the possession of:

                              (i)  a responsible person for the computer network concerned; or

                             (ii)  the individual or body (whether or not a body corporate) who operates the network, or on whose behalf the network is operated; or

                            (iii)  a person engaged in network protection duties in relation to the network.

             (2)  The responsible person must cause the restricted record to be destroyed as soon as practicable after becoming satisfied that the restricted record is not likely to be required:

                     (a)  for the purpose of enabling a person to perform the person’s network protection duties in relation to the network; or

                     (b)  if the network is operated by, or on behalf of, a Commonwealth agency, security authority or eligible authority of a State—for any of the following purposes:

                              (i)  determining whether disciplinary action should be taken in relation to a use of the network by an employee, office holder or contractor of the agency or authority;

                             (ii)  taking disciplinary action in relation to a use of the network by such an employee, office holder or contractor in a case where the use is not an appropriate use of the network by that employee, office holder or contractor;

                            (iii)  reviewing a decision to take such disciplinary action.

Part 2‑7Keeping and inspection of interception records

  

80  Commonwealth agencies to keep documents connected with issue of warrants

                   The chief officer of a Commonwealth agency must cause to be kept in the agency’s records:

                     (a)  each warrant issued to the agency; and

                     (b)  a copy of each notification under subsection 59A(2), being a notification given to the Secretary of the Department; and

                     (c)  each instrument revoking such a warrant; and

                     (d)  a copy of each certificate issued under subsection 61(4) by a certifying officer of the agency; and

                     (e)  each authorisation by the chief officer under subsection 66(2).

81  Other records to be kept by Commonwealth agencies in connection with interceptions

             (1)  The chief officer of a Commonwealth agency must cause:

                     (a)  particulars of each telephone application for a Part 2‑5 warrant made by the agency; and

                     (b)  in relation to each application by the agency for a Part 2‑5 warrant, a statement as to whether:

                              (i)  the application was withdrawn or refused; or

                             (ii)  a warrant was issued on the application; and

                     (c)  in relation to each Part 2‑5 warrant whose authority is exercised by the agency, particulars of:

                              (i)  the warrant; and

                             (ii)  the day on which, and the time at which, each interception under the warrant began; and

                            (iii)  the duration of each such interception; and

                            (iv)  the name of the person who carried out each such interception; and

                             (v)  in relation to a named person warrant—each service to or from which communications have been intercepted under the warrant; and

                     (d)  in relation to each restricted record (other than a restricted record that is a record of a communication that was intercepted under paragraph 7(2)(aaa)) that has at any time been in the agency’s possession, particulars of:

                              (i)  if the restricted record is a record obtained by an interception under a warrant issued to the agency—that warrant; and

                             (ii)  each occasion when the restricted record came (whether by its making or otherwise) to be in the agency’s possession; and

                            (iii)  each occasion (if any) when the restricted record ceased (whether by its destruction or otherwise) to be in the agency’s possession; and

                            (iv)  each other agency or other body (if any) from or to which, or other person (if any) from or to whom, the agency received or supplied the restricted record; and

                     (e)  particulars of each use made by the agency of lawfully intercepted information; and

                      (f)  particulars of each communication of lawfully intercepted information by an officer of the agency to a person or body other than such an officer; and

                     (g)  particulars of each occasion when, to the knowledge of an officer of the agency, lawfully intercepted information was given in evidence in a relevant proceeding in relation to the agency;

to be recorded in writing or by means of a computer as soon as practicable after the happening of the events to which the particulars relate or the statement relates, as the case may be.

             (2)  If a Part 2‑5 warrant is a named person warrant, the particulars referred to in subparagraph (1)(c)(ii) must indicate the service in respect of which each interception occurred.

          (2A)  If:

                     (a)  the Organisation is exercising the authority conferred by a Part 2‑5 warrant issued to a Commonwealth agency; and

                     (b)  the Commonwealth agency does not have the particulars referred to in subparagraph (1)(c)(ii), (iii) or (iv), or paragraph (1)(d);

the Director‑General of Security must:

                     (c)  cause those particulars to be recorded in accordance with subsections (1) and (2); and

                     (d)  give the records produced to the chief officer of the Commonwealth agency to which the Part 2‑5 warrant was issued.

             (3)  The chief officer of a Commonwealth agency must cause to be kept in the agency’s records each record that the chief officer has caused to be made, or is given, under this section.

81AA  Organisation to record particulars in relation to eligible authorities of a State

                   If:

                     (a)  the Organisation is exercising the authority conferred by a Part 2‑5 warrant issued to an eligible authority of a State; and

                     (b)  the eligible authority does not have the particulars referred to in subparagraph 81(1)(c)(ii), (iii) or (iv), or paragraph 81(1)(d);

the Director‑General of Security must:

                     (c)  cause those particulars to be recorded in accordance with subsections 81(1) and (2); and

                     (d)  give the records produced to the chief officer of the eligible authority to which the Part 2‑5 warrant was issued.

81A  General Register of Warrants

             (1)  The Secretary of the Department is to cause a General Register of Warrants to be kept.

             (2)  The Secretary of the Department is to cause to be recorded in the General Register in relation to each Part 2‑5 warrant particulars of:

                     (a)  the date of issue of the warrant; and

                     (b)  the Judge or nominated AAT member who issued the warrant; and

                     (c)  the agency to which the warrant was issued; and

                     (d)  in the case of a telecommunications service warrant:

                              (i)  the telecommunications service to which the warrant relates; and

                             (ii)  the name of the person specified in the warrant as a person using or likely to use the telecommunications service; and

                     (e)  in the case of a named person warrant:

                              (i)  the name of the person to whom the warrant relates; and

                             (ii)  each telecommunications service that is specified in the warrant, or in relation to which interceptions authorised by the warrant have occurred; and

                      (f)  the period for which the warrant is to be in force; and

                     (g)  each serious offence in relation to which the Judge or nominated AAT member who issued the warrant was satisfied, on the application for the warrant, as mentioned in:

                              (i)  in the case of a warrant under section 48—paragraph 46(1)(d); or

                             (ii)  otherwise—paragraph 46(1)(d) or 46A(1)(d), as the case requires.

81B  Regular submission of General Register to Minister

             (1)  Within 3 months after the commencement of Schedule 5 to the Telecommunications (Interception) Amendment Act 2006, the Secretary of the Department must deliver the General Register to the Minister for inspection.

             (2)  Once at least within each succeeding period of 3 months, the Secretary of the Department must deliver to the Minister, for inspection by the Minister, any part of the General Register that represents information recorded since the General Register, or any part of the General Register, was last delivered to the Minister.

81C  Special Register of Warrants

Special Register of Warrants

             (1)  The Secretary of the Department is to cause a Special Register of Warrants to be kept.

Contents of Register

             (2)  The Secretary of the Department is to cause to be recorded in the Special Register the following particulars in relation to each registrable expired warrant:

                     (a)  the date of issue of the warrant;

                     (b)  the Judge or nominated AAT member who issued the warrant;

                     (c)  the agency to which the warrant was issued;

                     (d)  in the case of a telecommunications service warrant:

                              (i)  the telecommunications service to which the warrant related; and

                             (ii)  the name of the person specified in the warrant as a person using or likely to use the telecommunications service; and

                     (e)  in the case of a named person warrant:

                              (i)  the name of the person to whom the warrant related; and

                             (ii)  each telecommunications service that is specified in the warrant, or in relation to which interceptions authorised by the warrant have occurred; and

                      (f)  the period for which the warrant was in force;

                     (g)  each serious offence in relation to which the Judge or nominated AAT member who issued the warrant was satisfied, on the application for the warrant, as mentioned in:

                              (i)  in the case of a warrant under section 48—paragraph 46(1)(d); or

                             (ii)  otherwise—paragraph 46(1)(d) or 46A(1)(d), as the case requires.

Note:          Registrable expired warrant is defined by subsections (3) and (4).

Registrable expired warrant—original warrant renewed

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, if:

                     (a)  a Part 2‑5 warrant has been issued; and

                     (b)  the warrant was an original warrant; and

                     (c)  there were one or more renewals of the warrant; and

                     (d)  at the end of the period of 3 months after the time (the cessation time) when the last renewal of the warrant ceased to be in force, no criminal proceedings had been instituted, or were likely to be instituted, against a person on the basis of information obtained as a result of intercepting a communication under:

                              (i)  the warrant; or

                             (ii)  a renewal of the warrant; and

                     (e)  the cessation time is after the commencement of this section;

the warrant, and each renewal of the warrant, becomes a registrable expired warrant at the end of that period.

Registrable expired warrant—original warrant not renewed

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, if:

                     (a)  a Part 2‑5 warrant has been issued; and

                     (b)  the warrant was an original warrant; and

                     (c)  no renewal of the warrant was issued; and

                     (d)  at the end of the period of 3 months after the time (the cessation time) when the warrant ceased to be in force, no criminal proceedings had been instituted, or were likely to be instituted, against a person on the basis of information obtained as a result of intercepting a communication under the warrant; and

                     (e)  the cessation time is after the commencement of this section;

the warrant becomes a registrable expired warrant at the end of that period.

Interpretation—criminal proceedings supported by intercepted information

             (5)  A reference in this section to criminal proceedings that had been, or were likely to be, instituted on the basis of information obtained as a result of intercepting a communication under a warrant includes a reference to criminal proceedings that were, or were likely to be, supported by information obtained as a result of intercepting a communication under a warrant.

81D  Regular submission of Special Register to Minister

Original submission

             (1)  Within 3 months after the commencement of Schedule 5 to the Telecommunications (Interception) Amendment Act 2006, the Secretary of the Department must deliver the Special Register to the Minister for inspection by the Minister.

Subsequent submissions

             (2)  Once at least within each succeeding period of 3 months, the Secretary of the Department must deliver to the Minister, for inspection by the Minister, any part of the Special Register that represents information recorded since the Special Register, or any part of the Special Register, was last delivered to the Minister.

Special Register and General Register to be delivered at the same time

             (3)  As far as is practicable, the Secretary of the Department is to ensure that delivery of the Special Register, or a part of the Special Register, as the case requires, takes place at the same time as the delivery of a part of the General Register under subsection 81B(2).

81E  Provision of information by eligible authorities

When section applies

             (1)  This section applies to an eligible authority of a State if the eligible authority is an agency.

Secretary may require information

             (2)  The Secretary of the Department may, by written notice given to the chief officer of the eligible authority, require the chief officer to give the Secretary such information as the Secretary requires for the purposes of complying with the obligations imposed on him or her by section 81C.

Information to be given

             (3)  The chief officer must give the information within the period, and in the manner, specified in the notice.

83  Inspections

             (1)  The Ombudsman shall inspect the records of each Commonwealth agency:

                     (a)  at least twice during the period beginning at the commencement of this Part and ending on 30 June 1988; and

                     (b)  at least twice during each financial year beginning on or after 1 July 1988;

in order to ascertain the extent to which the agency’s officers have complied with sections 79, 80 and 81 since that commencement, or since the last inspection under this Part of the agency’s records, as the case requires.

             (2)  The Ombudsman may at any time inspect a Commonwealth agency’s records in order to ascertain the extent to which the agency’s officers have complied during any period with sections 79, 80 and 81.

84  Reports

             (1)  The Ombudsman shall, as soon as practicable, and in any event within 3 months, after the end of each financial year, report to the Minister in writing, in relation to each Commonwealth agency, about the results of the inspections under subsection 83(1), during that financial year, of the agency’s records.

          (1A)  The Ombudsman must include in each report under subsection (1) in relation to a financial year:

                     (a)  a summary of the inspections conducted in the financial year under section 83; and

                     (b)  particulars of any deficiencies identified that impact on the integrity of the telecommunications interception regime established by this Act; and

                     (c)  particulars of the remedial action (if any) taken or proposed to be taken to address those deficiencies.

Note:          In complying with this section, the Ombudsman remains bound by the obligations imposed by section 63 relating to disclosure of intercepted information or interception warrant information.

             (2)  The Ombudsman may report to the Minister in writing at any time about the results of an inspection under this Part and shall do so if so requested by the Minister.

             (3)  The Ombudsman shall give a copy of a report under subsection (1) or (2) to the chief officer of the agency to which the report relates.

85  Ombudsman may report on other breaches of this Act

                   Where, as a result of an inspection under this Part of the records of an agency, the Ombudsman is of the opinion that an officer of the agency has contravened a provision of this Act (other than section 79, 80 or 81), the Ombudsman may include in his or her report on the inspection a report on the contravention.

86  Ombudsman’s general powers

             (1)  For the purposes of an inspection under this Part of an agency’s records, the Ombudsman:

                     (a)  may, after notifying the chief officer of the agency, enter at any reasonable time premises occupied by the agency; and

                     (b)  is entitled to have full and free access at all reasonable times to all records of the agency; and

                   (ba)  is entitled to have full and free access at all reasonable times to the General Register and the Special Register; and

                     (c)  notwithstanding section 63 or any other law, is entitled to make copies of, and to take extracts from, records of the agency or the General Register or Special Register; and

                     (d)  may require an officer of the agency to give the Ombudsman such information as the Ombudsman considers necessary, being information that is in the officer’s possession, or to which the officer has access, and that is relevant to the inspection.

             (2)  The chief officer of a Commonwealth agency shall ensure that the agency’s officers provide to the Ombudsman such assistance in connection with the performance or exercise of the Ombudsman’s functions or powers under this Part as the Ombudsman reasonably requires.

             (3)  The Ombudsman’s powers include doing anything incidental or conducive to the performance of any of the Ombudsman’s functions under this Part.

87  Power to obtain relevant information

             (1)  Where the Ombudsman has reason to believe that an officer of an agency is able to give information relevant to an inspection under this Part of the agency’s records, subsections (2) and (3) have effect.

             (2)  The Ombudsman may, by writing given to the officer, require the officer to give the information to the Ombudsman:

                     (a)  by writing signed by the officer; and

                     (b)  at a specified place and within a specified period.

             (3)  The Ombudsman may, by writing given to the officer, require the officer to attend:

                     (a)  before a specified inspecting officer;

                     (b)  at a specified place; and

                     (c)  within a specified period or at a specified time on a specified day;

in order to answer questions relevant to the inspection.

             (4)  Where the Ombudsman:

                     (a)  has reason to believe that an officer of an agency is able to give information relevant to an inspection under this Part of the agency’s records; and

                     (b)  does not know the officer’s identity;

the Ombudsman may, by writing given to the chief officer of the agency, require the chief officer, or a person nominated by the chief officer, to attend:

                     (c)  before a specified inspecting officer;

                     (d)  at a specified place; and

                     (e)  within a specified period or at a specified time on a specified day;

in order to answer questions relevant to the inspection.

             (5)  The place, and the period or the time and day, specified in a requirement under this section shall be reasonable having regard to the circumstances in which the requirement is made.

             (6)  A person must not refuse:

                     (a)  to attend before a person; or

                     (b)  to give information; or

                     (c)  to answer questions;

when required to do so under this section.

Penalty for an offence against this subsection:     Imprisonment for 6 months.

88  Ombudsman to be given information and access notwithstanding other laws

             (1)  Notwithstanding any other law, a person is not excused from giving information, answering a question, or giving access to a document, as and when required by or under this Part, on the ground that giving the information, answering the question, or giving access to the document, as the case may be, would contravene a law, would be contrary to the public interest or might tend to incriminate the person or make the person liable to a penalty, but:

                     (a)  the information, the answer, or the fact that the person has given access to the document, as the case may be; and

                     (b)  any information or thing (including a document) obtained as a direct or indirect consequence of giving the first‑mentioned information, answering the question or giving access to the first‑mentioned document, as the case may be;

is not admissible in evidence against the person except in a proceeding by way of a prosecution for an offence against section 107.

             (2)  Nothing in section 63 or any other law prevents an officer of an agency from:

                     (a)  giving information to an inspecting officer (whether orally or in writing and whether or not in answer to a question); or

                     (b)  giving to an inspecting officer access to a record of the agency;

for the purposes of an inspection under this Part of the agency’s records.

             (3)  Nothing in section 63 or any other law prevents an officer of an agency from making a record of information, or causing a record of information to be made, for the purposes of giving the information to a person as permitted by subsection (2).

89  Dealing with information for the purposes of inspection and report

                   Where:

                     (a)  information is given or communicated to an inspecting officer, as permitted by subsection 88(2) or this section, for the purposes of an inspection, or of a report on an inspection, under this Part of an agency’s records; or

                     (b)  an inspecting officer obtains information as a result of being given access to records of an agency, as permitted by subsection 88(2), for the purposes of an inspection under this Part of the agency’s records;

the inspecting officer may, notwithstanding section 63 or any other law, communicate to another inspecting officer, make use of, or make a record of, the information for the purposes of an inspection, or of a report on an inspection, under this Part of the agency’s records.

90  Ombudsman not to be sued

                   Subject to the provisions applying by virtue of subsection 92(3), an inspecting officer, or a person acting under an inspecting officer’s direction or authority, is not liable to an action, suit or proceeding for or in relation to an act done, or omitted to be done, in good faith in the performance or exercise, or the purported performance or exercise, of a function, power or authority conferred by this Part.

91  Delegation by Ombudsman

             (1)  The Ombudsman may, either generally or as otherwise provided by the instrument of delegation, delegate to another inspecting officer, all or any of the Ombudsman’s powers under this Part other than a power to report to the Minister and this power of delegation.

             (2)  A power so delegated, when exercised by the delegate, shall, for the purposes of this Part, be deemed to have been exercised by the Ombudsman.

             (3)  A delegation under subsection (1) does not prevent the exercise of a power by the Ombudsman.

             (4)  A delegate shall, upon request by a person affected by the exercise of any power delegated to the delegate, produce the instrument of delegation, or a copy of the instrument, for inspection by the person.

92  Application of Ombudsman Act

             (1)  Section 11A of the Ombudsman Act 1976 does not apply in relation to the exercise or proposed exercise of a power, or the performance or the proposed performance of a function, of the Ombudsman under this Part.

             (2)  A reference in section 19 of the Ombudsman Act 1976 to the Ombudsman’s operations does not include a reference to anything that an inspecting officer has done or omitted to do under this Part.

             (3)  Subject to section 88 of this Act, subsections 35(2), (3), (4) and (8) of the Ombudsman Act 1976 apply for the purposes of this Part and so apply as if:

                     (a)  a reference in those subsections to an officer were a reference to an inspecting officer;

                     (b)  a reference in those subsections to information did not include a reference to lawfully intercepted information;

                     (c)  a reference in those subsections to that Act were a reference to this Part;

                     (d)  paragraph 35(3)(b) of that Act were omitted; and

                     (e)  section 35A of that Act had not been enacted.

92A  Exchange of information between Ombudsman and State inspecting authorities

             (1)  In this section:

State agency means an eligible authority of a State that is an agency.

State inspecting authority, in relation to a State agency, means the authority that, under the law of the State concerned, has the function of making inspections of the kind referred to in paragraph 35(1)(h).

             (2)  The Ombudsman may give information that:

                     (a)  relates to a State agency; and

                     (b)  was obtained by the Ombudsman under this Act;

to the authority that is the State inspecting authority in relation to the agency.

             (3)  The Ombudsman may only give information to an authority under subsection (2) if the Ombudsman is satisfied that the giving of the information is necessary to enable the authority to perform its functions in relation to the State agency.

             (4)  The Ombudsman may receive from a State inspecting authority information relevant to the performance of the Ombudsman’s functions under this Act.

Part 2‑8Reports about interceptions under Parts 2‑3 and 2‑5

Division 1Reports to the Minister

93  Annual reports to Minister about interceptions under Part 2‑3

                   The Managing Director of a carrier shall, as soon as practicable after each 30 June, give to the Minister a written report about the interceptions carried out by employees of the carrier pursuant to requests made, or purporting to be made, under section 30 during the year ending on that 30 June.

94  Annual reports regarding applications and warrants under Part 2‑5

             (2)  The chief officer of a Commonwealth agency must give to the Minister, within 3 months after a telecommunications service warrant issued to the agency ceases to be in force, a written report containing:

                     (a)  information about:

                              (i)  the use made by the agency of information obtained by interceptions under the warrant; and

                             (ii)  the communication of such information to persons other than officers of the agency; and

                            (iii)  the number of arrests that have been, or are likely to be, made on the basis of such information; and

                     (b)  an assessment of the usefulness of information obtained by interceptions under the warrant.

             (3)  The chief officer of a Commonwealth agency shall, as soon as practicable, and in any event within 3 months, after each 30 June, give to the Minister a written report that sets out such information as:

                     (a)  Division 2 (other than section 102B) requires to be set out in the Minister’s report under that Division relating to the year ending on that 30 June; and

                     (b)  can be derived from the agency’s records.

          (3A)  A report under subsection (3) must include a statement of the total expenditure (including expenditure of a capital nature) incurred by the agency concerned in connection with the execution of warrants during the year to which the report relates.

             (4)  Section 34C of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 does not apply in relation to a report under subsection (3) of this section.

94A  Reports regarding emergency interception action

             (1)  The chief officer of an agency referred to in subsection 7(8) must give to the Minister a written report concerning:

                     (a)  an emergency interception action taken by an officer of the agency that, because of the operation of subsection 7(6A), took place without a warrant under Part 2‑5; and

                     (b)  an emergency interception action taken by an officer of the agency in respect of which an application for a warrant was made under Part 2‑5 and refused.

             (2)  The chief officer of the agency must give the report within 3 months after:

                     (a)  in the case set out in paragraph (1)(a)—the date on which the action ceased; and

                     (b)  in the case set out in paragraph (1)(b)—the date on which the application was refused.

             (3)  The report must contain the following information:

                     (a)  if an interception occurred:

                              (i)  the date and time at which the interception began; and

                             (ii)  the duration of the interception;

                     (b)  if there was no interception but action had been taken to cause a communication to be intercepted—details of the action taken;

                     (c)  the circumstances that led the officer concerned to believe that the conditions of subsection 7(4) or (5) were satisfied;

                     (d)  in the case set out in paragraph (1)(a)—the reasons it was not practicable to apply for a warrant under Part 2‑5 in relation to the action;

                     (e)  in the case set out in paragraph (1)(b)—the reasons the judge or nominated AAT member refused the application if the reasons are known;

                      (f)  information about the use made by the agency of information obtained by the interception;

                     (g)  information about the communication of such information to persons other than officers of the agency;

                     (h)  the number of arrests that have been, or are likely to be, made on the basis of such information;

                      (i)  an assessment of the usefulness of information obtained by the interception.

             (4)  In this section:

emergency interception action means an interception done under subsection 7(4) or (5) or action taken under one of those subsections to cause an interception to occur.

94B  Reports regarding named person warrants

             (1)  The chief officer of an agency to which a named person warrant has been issued must give to the Minister a written report about the action (if any) that has taken place under the warrant.

             (2)  The chief officer must give a report in relation to the warrant within 3 months after the warrant ceases to be in force.

             (3)  The report must contain the following information in relation to each interception:

                     (a)  the service to or from which the intercepted communication was made (being a service that the person named in the warrant used, or was likely to use);

                     (b)  the reasons it would not have been effective to intercept the communications under a telecommunications service warrant;

                     (c)  information about the use made by the agency of information obtained by each interception;

                     (d)  information about the communication of such information to persons other than officers of the agency;

                     (e)  the number of arrests that have been, or are likely to be, made on the basis of such information;

                      (f)  an assessment of the usefulness of information obtained by each interception.

95  Minister may seek further information from Commonwealth agency

             (1)  The Minister may by writing request the chief officer of a Commonwealth agency, or eligible Commonwealth authority, to give to the Minister in writing specified information that:

                     (a)  the Minister needs in connection with preparing a report under Division 2; and

                     (b)  is not contained in a report by the chief officer under subsection 94(3).

             (2)  To the extent that it is practicable to do so, the chief officer of a Commonwealth agency, or eligible Commonwealth authority, shall comply with a request made to the chief officer under subsection (1).

96  Annual reports by State authorities

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), the chief officer of an eligible authority of a State shall, as soon as practicable, and in any event within 3 months, after each 30 June, give to the Minister a written report that:

                     (a)  if information that section 102 or 102A requires to be set out in the Minister’s report under Division 2 relating to the year ending on that 30 June can be derived from the authority’s records—sets out that information; or

                     (b)  in any other case—states that no such information can be so derived.

          (1A)  A report under subsection (1) must include a statement of the total expenditure (including expenditure of a capital nature) incurred by the eligible authority concerned in connection with the execution of warrants during the year to which the report relates.

             (2)  Where a Minister of a State has given to the Minister a written report that sets out the information that, but for this subsection, subsections (1) and (1A) would require to be set out in a report by the chief officer of an eligible authority of that State, the chief officer need not give to the Minister the last‑mentioned report.

97  Reports by Managing Directors about acts done in connection with certain warrants under Part 2‑5

                   The Managing Director of a carrier shall give to the Minister, within 3 months after a warrant under section 46 or 46A ceases to be in force, a written report about the acts or things done by or in relation to employees of the carrier:

                     (a)  to enable, or in connection with enabling, communications to be intercepted under the warrant; and

                     (b)  to ensure discontinuance of interceptions under the warrant;

and the days on which, and the times at which, those acts or things were done.

Division 2Reports by the Minister

99  Annual report by Minister about warrants under Part 2‑5

                   The Minister shall, as soon as practicable after each 30 June, cause to be prepared a written report that relates to the year ending on that 30 June and complies with this Division.

100  Report to set out how many applications made and warrants issued

             (1)  The report shall set out, for each Commonwealth agency, and for each eligible authority of a State that was an agency at any time during that year:

                     (a)  the relevant statistics about applications for Part 2‑5 warrants that the agency or authority made during that year; and

                     (b)  the relevant statistics about telephone applications for Part 2‑5 warrants that the agency or authority made during that year; and

                     (c)  the relevant statistics about renewal applications that the agency or authority made during that year; and

                     (d)  the relevant statistics about applications for Part 2‑5 warrants that the agency or authority made during that year and that included requests that the warrants authorise entry on premises; and

                     (e)  how many Part 2‑5 warrants issued on applications made by the agency or authority during that year specified conditions or restrictions relating to interceptions under the warrants; and

                    (ea)  in relation to the applications of a kind referred to in paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (e), the relevant statistics about applications of that kind that relate to named person warrants; and

                   (eb)  in relation to all named person warrants issued during that year on application made by each agency or authority:

                              (i)  how many of those warrants involved the interception of a single telecommunications service; and

                             (ii)  how many of those warrants involved the interception of between 2 and 5 telecommunications services; and

                            (iii)  how many of those warrants involved the interception of between 6 and 10 telecommunications services; and

                            (iv)  how many of those warrants involved the interception of more than 10 telecommunications services; and

                    (ec)  in relation to all named person warrants issued during that year on application made by each agency or authority:

                              (i)  the total number of telecommunications services intercepted under those of the warrants that did not authorise the interception of communications made by means of a telecommunications device or telecommunications devices identified in the warrant; and

                             (ii)  the total number of telecommunications services intercepted under those of the warrants that did authorise the interception of communications made by means of a telecommunications device or telecommunications devices identified in the warrant; and

                            (iii)  the total number of telecommunications devices by means of which communications were intercepted under those of the warrants that did authorise the interception of communications made by means of a telecommunications device or telecommunications devices identified in the warrant; and

                   (ed)  in relation to applications of a kind referred to in paragraph (a), (b), (c), (d) or (e), the relevant statistics about applications of that kind that relate to warrants in relation to which subparagraph 46(1)(d)(ii) would apply if the warrants were issued; and

                      (f)  the categories of the serious offences specified under subsection 49(7) in Part 2‑5 warrants issued on applications made by the agency or authority during that year; and

                     (g)  in relation to each of those categories, how many serious offences in that category were so specified.

             (2)  The report shall set out:

                     (a)  the relevant statistics about applications for Part 2‑5 warrants that were made during that year; and

                     (b)  the relevant statistics about telephone applications for Part 2‑5 warrants that were made during that year; and

                     (c)  the relevant statistics about renewal applications made during that year; and

                     (d)  the relevant statistics about applications for Part 2‑5 warrants that were made during that year and that included requests that the warrants authorise entry on premises; and

                     (e)  how many Part 2‑5 warrants issued on applications made during that year specified conditions or restrictions relating to interceptions under the warrants; and

                    (ea)  in relation to the applications of a kind referred to in paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (e), the relevant statistics about applications of that kind that relate to named person warrants; and

                   (eb)  in relation to all named person warrants issued during that year:

                              (i)  how many of those warrants involved the interception of a single telecommunications service; and

                             (ii)  how many of those warrants involved the interception of between 2 and 5 telecommunications services; and

                            (iii)  how many of those warrants involved the interception of between 6 and 10 telecommunications services; and

                            (iv)  how many of those warrants involved the interception of more than 10 telecommunications services; and

                    (ec)  in relation to all named person warrants issued during that year:

                              (i)  the total number of telecommunications services intercepted under those of the warrants that did not authorise the interception of communications made by means of a telecommunications device or telecommunications devices identified in the warrant; and

                             (ii)  the total number of telecommunications services intercepted under those of the warrants that did authorise the interception of communications made by means of a telecommunications device or telecommunications devices identified in the warrant; and

                            (iii)  the total number of telecommunications devices by means of which communications were intercepted under those of the warrants that did authorise the interception of communications made by means of a telecommunications device or telecommunications devices identified in the warrant; and

                   (ed)  in relation to applications of a kind referred to in paragraph (a), (b), (c), (d) or (e), the relevant statistics about applications of that kind that relate to warrants in relation to which subparagraph 46(1)(d)(ii) would apply if the warrants were issued; and

                      (f)  the categories of the serious offences specified under subsection 49(7) in Part 2‑5 warrants issued on applications made during that year; and

                     (g)  in relation to each of those categories, how many serious offences in that category were so specified.

101  Report to contain particulars about duration of warrants

             (1)  The report shall set out, for each Commonwealth agency, and for each eligible authority of a State that was an agency at any time during that year:

                     (a)  the average of the respective periods specified, in the Part 2‑5 warrants that are original warrants and were issued on applications made by the agency or authority during that year, as the periods for which the warrants were to be in force; and

                     (b)  the average of the respective periods during which the warrants referred to in paragraph (a) were in force; and

                     (c)  the average of the respective periods specified, in the Part 2‑5 warrants that are renewals of other warrants and were issued on applications made by the agency or authority during that year, as the periods for which the renewals were to remain in force; and

                     (d)  the average of the respective periods during which the warrants first referred to in paragraph (c) were in force; and

                   (da)  in relation to periods of a kind referred to in paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (d), the averages of the periods of that kind that relate to warrants in relation to which subparagraph 46(1)(d)(ii) applied; and

                     (e)  how many 90 day final renewals, how many 150 day final renewals, and how many 180 day final renewals, being warrants issued to the agency or authority, ceased during that year to be in force.

             (2)  The report shall set out:

                     (a)  the average of the respective periods specified, in Part 2‑5 warrants that are original warrants and were issued on applications made during the year, as the periods for which the warrants were to be in force; and

                     (b)  the average of the respective periods during which the warrants referred to in paragraph (a) were in force; and

                     (c)  the average of the respective periods specified, in the Part 2‑5 warrants that are renewals of other warrants and were issued on applications made during that year, as the periods for which the renewals were to remain in force; and

                     (d)  the average of the respective periods during which the warrants first referred to in paragraph (c) were in force; and

                   (da)  in relation to periods of a kind referred to in paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (d), the averages of the periods of that kind that relate to warrants in relation to which subparagraph 46(1)(d)(ii) applied; and

                     (e)  how many 90 day final renewals, how many 150 day final renewals, and how many 180 day final renewals, ceased during that year to be in force.

             (3)  A reference in subsection (1) or (2) to a 90 day final renewal, to a 150 day final renewal or to a 180 day final renewal is a reference to a warrant:

                     (a)  that is the last renewal of an original warrant; and

                     (b)  that ceased to be in force:

                              (i)  more than 90 days but not more than 150 days;

                             (ii)  more than 150 days but not more than 180 days; or

                            (iii)  more than 180 days;

                            as the case may be, after the day of issue of that original warrant.

102  Report to contain information about effectiveness of warrants

             (1)  The report shall set out, for each Commonwealth agency, for each eligible Commonwealth authority, and for each eligible authority of a State:

                     (a)  how many arrests were made during that year:

                              (i)  in connection with the performance by the agency or authority of its functions; and

                             (ii)  on the basis of information that was or included lawfully intercepted information;

                     (b)  the categories of the prescribed offences proceedings by way of prosecutions for which ended during that year, being proceedings in which, according to the records of the agency or authority, lawfully intercepted information was given in evidence; and

                     (c)  in relation to each of those categories:

                              (i)  the number of such offences in that category; and

                             (ii)  the number of such offences in that category in respect of which convictions were recorded.

             (2)  The report shall set out:

                     (a)  how many arrests were made during that year:

                              (i)  in connection with the performance by Commonwealth agencies, by eligible Commonwealth authorities, and by eligible authorities of States, of their respective functions; and

                             (ii)  on the basis of information that was or included lawfully intercepted information;

                     (b)  the categories of the prescribed offences proceedings by way of prosecutions for which ended during that year, being proceedings in which, according to the respective records of Commonwealth agencies, of eligible Commonwealth authorities, and of eligible authorities of States, lawfully intercepted information was given in evidence; and

                     (c)  in relation to each of those categories:

                              (i)  the number of such offences in that category; and

                             (ii)  the number of such offences in that category in respect of which convictions were recorded.

             (3)  The report is to set out, for:

                     (a)  each Commonwealth agency; and

                     (b)  each eligible authority of a State, where the eligible authority was an agency at any time during the year to which the report relates;

the percentage worked out using the formula:

where:

Eligible warrants means the number of warrants that satisfy the following conditions:

                     (a)  the warrant was issued to the agency or authority, as the case requires;

                     (b)  the warrant was in force during the year to which the report relates;

                     (c)  a prosecution was instituted, or was likely to be instituted, on the basis of information obtained by interceptions under:

                              (i)  the warrant; or

                             (ii)  if the warrant was a renewal of an original warrant:

                                        (A)  the original warrant; or

                                        (B)  any other renewal of the original warrant; or

                            (iii)  if the warrant was an original warrant—any renewal of the original warrant.

Total warrants means the number of warrants that were:

                     (a)  issued to the agency or authority, as the case requires; and

                     (b)  in force during the year to which the report relates.

             (4)  The report is to set out the percentage worked out using the formula:

where:

Eligible warrants means the number of warrants that satisfy the following conditions:

                     (a)  the warrant was issued to:

                              (i)  a Commonwealth agency; or

                             (ii)  an eligible authority of a State, where the eligible authority was an agency at any time during the year to which the report relates;

                     (b)  the warrant was in force during the year to which the report relates;

                     (c)  a prosecution was instituted, or was likely to be instituted, on the basis of information obtained by interceptions under:

                              (i)  the warrant; or

                             (ii)  if the warrant was a renewal of an original warrant:

                                        (A)  the original warrant; or

                                        (B)  any other renewal of the original warrant; or

                            (iii)  if the warrant was an original warrant—any renewal of the original warrant.

Total warrants means the number of warrants that were:

                     (a)  issued to:

                              (i)  Commonwealth agencies; and

                             (ii)  eligible authorities of States, where the eligible authorities were agencies at any time during the year to which the report relates; and

                     (b)  in force during the year to which the report relates.

             (5)  A reference in this section to a prosecution that was instituted, or was likely to be instituted, on the basis of information obtained by interceptions under a warrant includes a reference to a prosecution that was supported, or likely to be supported, by information obtained by interceptions under a warrant.

102A  Report regarding interceptions without warrant

The report must state, for each agency referred to in subsection 7(8), the number of occasions on which an officer or staff member of the agency intercepted a communication in reliance on subsection 7(4) or (5).

102B  Report regarding mutual assistance requests

                   The report must set out the number of occasions on which lawfully intercepted information or interception warrant information was provided to a foreign country under paragraph 68(l) or section 68A in connection with an authorisation under subsection 13A(1) of the Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Act 1987.

103  Other information to be included in report

The report must set out:

                     (a)  the total expenditure (including expenditure of a capital nature) incurred by agencies to which the report relates in connection with the execution of warrants during the year to which the report relates; and

                    (aa)  for:

                              (i)  each Commonwealth agency; and

                             (ii)  each eligible authority of a State, where the eligible authority was an agency at any time during the year to which the report relates;

                            the amount worked out using the formula:

                            where:

                            Total warrant expenditure means the total expenditure (including expenditure of a capital nature) incurred by the agency or the authority, as the case requires, in connection with the execution of warrants during the year to which the report relates.

                            Number of warrants means the number of warrants to which the total warrant expenditure relates; and

                   (ab)  information about the availability of judges to issue warrants under Part 2‑5 and the extent to which nominated AAT members have been used for that purpose, but not including information that would identify a particular judge or AAT member; and

                    (ac)  for:

                              (i)  each Commonwealth agency; and

                             (ii)  each eligible authority of a State, where the eligible authority was an agency at any time during the year to which the report relates;

                            the number (if any) of interceptions carried out on behalf of each other such Commonwealth agency or eligible authority; and

                  (aca)  the number (if any) of interceptions carried out by the Organisation on behalf of:

                              (i)  each Commonwealth agency; and

                             (ii)  each eligible authority of a State, where the eligible authority was an agency at any time during the year to which the report relates; and

                   (ad)  for each State and for the Australian Capital Territory, the number and type of emergency service facilities located in that State or Territory that have been declared by the Minister during the year to which the report relates; and

                    (ae)  a summary of the information:

                              (i)  that is required under subsection 84(1A) to be included by the Ombudsman in the report made under subsection 84(1); and

                             (ii)  that relates to the year to which the Minister’s report relates; and

                     (b)  such other information (if any) as is prescribed.

103A  Annual report for 1999‑2000

             (1)  The annual report for 1999‑2000 must include a review of the amendments made by the Telecommunications (Interception) and Listening Device Amendment Act 1997 to this Act.

             (2)  For the purposes of the review, the Minister must arrange for a public notice, in plain English, to be published in at least one daily newspaper circulating in each State and Territory, calling for submissions from the public on the operation of amendments providing for the issuing of warrants by nominated AAT members, and including an address to which submissions may be sent.

Division 3Provisions about annual reports

104  Annual reports

             (1)  The Minister shall cause a copy of a report under section 93 or Division 2 to be laid before each House of the Parliament within 15 sitting days of that House after the Minister receives the report, or the report is prepared, as the case may be.

             (2)  A report under section 93 or Division 2 shall not be made in a manner that is likely to enable the identification of a person.

             (3)  For the purposes of section 34C of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901, a report that section 93 or Division 2 requires to be given or prepared as soon as practicable after 30 June in a calendar year shall be deemed to be a periodic report that this Act requires a person to furnish to the Minister and that relates to the administration of Part 2‑3, or Parts 2‑5, 2‑6 and 2‑7, as the case may be, during the year ending on that 30 June.

Part 2‑9Offences

  

105  Contravention of section 7 or 63

             (1)  A person who contravenes subsection 7(1) or section 63 is guilty of an offence against that subsection or section.

             (2)  An offence against subsection 7(1) or section 63 is an indictable offence and, subject to this section, is punishable on conviction by imprisonment for a period not exceeding 2 years.

             (3)  Notwithstanding that an offence against subsection 7(1) or section 63 is an indictable offence, a court of summary jurisdiction may hear and determine proceedings in respect of such an offence if, and only if:

                     (a)  the proceedings are brought in the name of the Attorney‑General or the Director of Public Prosecutions;

                     (b)  the defendant and the prosecutor consent; and

                     (c)  the court is satisfied that it is proper for the court to hear and determine proceedings in respect of the offence.

             (4)  Where, in accordance with subsection (3), a court of summary jurisdiction convicts a person of an offence against subsection 7(1) or section 63, the penalty that the court may impose is imprisonment for a period not exceeding 6 months.

             (5)  Section 15.1 (extended geographical jurisdiction—category A) of the Criminal Code applies to an offence against subsection 7(1) or section 63.

106  Obstruction

             (1)  A person shall not obstruct or hinder a person acting under a warrant.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 6 months.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the person obstructing or hindering has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

107  Offences relating to inspections under Part 2‑7

             (1)  A person shall not refuse or fail:

                     (a)  to attend before a person;

                     (b)  to furnish information; or

                     (c)  to answer a question;

when required under section 87 to do so.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 6 months.

             (2)  A person shall not:

                     (a)  intentionally obstruct, hinder or resist a person in connection with the performance or exercise of the Ombudsman’s functions or powers under Part 2‑7; or

                     (b)  give to an inspecting officer, in connection with an inspection under Part 2‑7, information or a statement that the first‑mentioned person knows to be false or misleading in a material particular.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 6 months.

             (3)  Subsection (1) and paragraph (2)(a) do not apply if the person first mentioned in subsection (1) or (2) has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (3) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

Part 2‑10Civil remedies

  

107A  Civil remedies—unlawful interception or communication

When section applies

             (1)  This section applies to an interception of a communication passing over a telecommunications system if the interception was in contravention of subsection 7(1).

Aggrieved person

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, a person is an aggrieved person if, and only if:

                     (a)  the person was a party to the communication; or

                     (b)  the communication was made on the person’s behalf.

Interception—civil court remedy

             (3)  If a person (in this subsection called the defendant):

                     (a)  so intercepted the communication; or

                     (b)  did an act or thing referred to in paragraph 7(1)(b) or (c) in relation to the interception;

the Federal Court of Australia or a court of a State or Territory may, on the application of an aggrieved person, grant the aggrieved person remedial relief in respect of the interception by making such orders against the defendant as the court considers appropriate.

Note:          Paragraphs 7(1)(b) and (c) deal with the authorisation or enabling of interception etc.

Communication—civil court remedy

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  information was obtained by intercepting the communication; and

                     (b)  a person (in this subsection called the defendant) communicated the information to another person in contravention of section 63;

the Federal Court of Australia or a court of a State or Territory may, on the application of an aggrieved person, grant the aggrieved person remedial relief in respect of the communication of the information by making such orders against the defendant as the court considers appropriate.

Interception—criminal court remedy

             (5)  If a court convicts a person (in this subsection called the defendant) of an offence against subsection 7(1) constituted by:

                     (a)  the interception; or

                     (b)  the doing of an act or thing referred to in paragraph 7(1)(b) or (c) in relation to the interception;

the court may, on the application of an aggrieved person, grant the aggrieved person remedial relief in respect of the interception by making such orders against the defendant as the court considers appropriate.

Note:          Paragraphs 7(1)(b) and (c) deal with the authorisation or enabling of interception etc.

Communication—criminal court remedy

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  information was obtained by intercepting the communication; and

                     (b)  the information was communicated to a person in contravention of section 63; and

                     (c)  a court convicts a person (in this subsection called the defendant) of an offence against section 63 constituted by the communication of the information;

the court may, on the application of an aggrieved person, grant the aggrieved person remedial relief in respect of the communication of the information by making such orders against the defendant as the court considers appropriate.

Orders

             (7)  Without limiting the orders that may be made under this section against a person (in this subsection called the defendant) in respect of a particular interception or a particular communication of information, a court may make an order of one or more of the following kinds:

                     (a)  an order declaring the interception or communication, as the case requires, to have been unlawful;

                     (b)  an order that the defendant pay to the aggrieved person such damages as the court considers appropriate;

                     (c)  an order in the nature of an injunction (including a mandatory injunction);

                     (d)  an order that the defendant pay to the aggrieved person an amount not exceeding the amount that, in the opinion of the court, represents the total gross income derived by the defendant as a result of the interception or communication, as the case requires.

Terms etc. of orders

             (8)  Without limiting the orders that may be made by a court under this section, an order may:

                     (a)  include such provisions as the court considers necessary for the purposes of the order; and

                     (b)  be made either unconditionally or subject to such terms and conditions as the court determines.

Injunctive relief—variation etc.

             (9)  A court may revoke or vary an order in the nature of an injunction made by the court under this section.

Punitive damages

           (10)  A reference in paragraph (7)(b) to damages includes a reference to damages in the nature of punitive damages.

Minor irregularities in warrants etc.

           (11)  Despite subsection (1) of this section, this section does not apply to an interception that contravenes subsection 7(1) only because of a defect or irregularity (other than a substantial defect or irregularity):

                     (a)  in, or in connection with the issue of, a document purporting to be a warrant; or

                     (b)  in connection with the execution of a warrant, or the purported execution of a document purporting to be a warrant.

107B  Limitation periods etc.

Interception—civil court remedy

             (1)  An application under subsection 107A(3) for the grant of remedial relief in respect of an interception is to be made within 6 years after the end of the interception.

Communication—civil court remedy

             (2)  An application under subsection 107A(4) for the grant of remedial relief in respect of a communication of information is to be made within 6 years after the communication.

Criminal court remedies

             (3)  An application under subsection 107A(5) or (6) for the grant of remedial relief is not subject to any limitation period, but must be made as soon as practicable after the conviction concerned.

107C  No limitation on other liability

No limitation

             (1)  This Part does not limit any liability (whether criminal or civil) that a person has under any other provision of this Act or under any other law.

Remedial relief even if defendant convicted of offence

             (2)  An application under subsection 107A(3) or (4) may be made even if the defendant referred to in that subsection has been convicted of an offence under, or arising out of, this Act.

107D  Concurrent operation of State and Territory laws

                   This Part is not intended to exclude or limit the operation of a law of a State or Territory that is capable of operating concurrently with this Part.

107E  State or Territory courts—jurisdictional limits

                   This Part does not enable an inferior court of a State or Territory to grant remedial relief of a kind that the court is unable to grant under the law of that State or Territory.

107F  Extended meaning of conviction—orders under section 19B of the Crimes Act 1914

                   A reference in this Part to the conviction of a person of an offence includes a reference to the making of an order under section 19B of the Crimes Act 1914 in relation to a person in respect of an offence.

Note:          Section 19B of the Crimes Act 1914 empowers a court that has found a person to have committed an offence to take action without proceeding to record a conviction.

Chapter 3Preserving and accessing stored communications

Part 3‑1APreserving stored communications

Division 1Outline of this Part

107G  Outline of this Part

This Part establishes a system of preserving certain stored communications that are held by a carrier. The purpose of the preservation is to prevent the communications from being destroyed before they can be accessed under certain warrants issued under this Act.

Under the system, certain agencies can give a preservation notice to a carrier requiring the carrier to preserve all stored communications that the carrier holds that relate to the person or telecommunications service specified in the notice. The carrier will breach its obligations under section 313 of the Telecommunications Act 1997 if it does not comply with the notice.

There are 2 types of preservation notices: domestic preservation notices (which cover stored communications that might relate either to a contravention of certain Australian laws or to security) and foreign preservation notices (which cover stored communications that might relate to a contravention of certain foreign laws).

Division 2 deals with domestic preservation notices. There are 2 kinds of domestic preservation notices:

(a)   historic domestic preservation notices, which cover stored communications held by the carrier on a particular day; and

(b)   ongoing domestic preservation notices, which cover stored communications held by the carrier in a particular 30‑day period.

An issuing agency (which is a criminal law‑enforcement agency, or the Organisation, for an historic domestic preservation notice, and a criminal law‑enforcement agency that is an interception agency, or the Organisation, for an ongoing domestic preservation notice) can only give a domestic preservation notice if the conditions in section 107J are satisfied. There are certain grounds on which the notice must be revoked (see section 107L).

Division 3 deals with foreign preservation notices. Foreign preservation notices, like historic domestic preservation notices, cover stored communications held by the carrier on a particular day. Only the Australian Federal Police can give a foreign preservation notice to a carrier and it can only do so if a foreign country has made a request for the preservation in accordance with section 107P. There are certain grounds on which the notice must be revoked (see section 107R).

Division 4 has miscellaneous provisions relating to both domestic and foreign preservation notices (such as provisions about the giving of evidentiary certificates by carriers and issuing agencies).

The Ombudsman has functions in relation to preservation notices given by issuing agencies (other than the Organisation) and the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security has functions in relation to preservation notices given by the Organisation.

Division 2Domestic preservation notices

107H  Domestic preservation notices

             (1)  An issuing agency may give a carrier a written notice (a domestic preservation notice) requiring the carrier to preserve, while the notice is in force, all stored communications that:

                     (a)  relate to the person or telecommunications service specified in the notice; and

                     (b)  the carrier holds at any time during:

                              (i)  the period that starts at the time the carrier receives the notice and ends at the end of the day the carrier receives the notice (in which case the notice is an historic domestic preservation notice); or

                             (ii)  the period that starts at the time the carrier receives the notice and ends at the end of the 29th day after the day the carrier receives the notice (in which case the notice is an ongoing domestic preservation notice).

             (2)  However, the agency can only give the notice if the conditions in subsection 107J(1) or (2) are satisfied.

             (3)  In the notice, the agency can only specify:

                     (a)  one person; or

                     (b)  one or more telecommunications services; or

                     (c)  one person and one or more telecommunications services.

107J  Conditions for giving domestic preservation notices

Notices given by criminal law‑enforcement agencies

             (1)  A domestic preservation notice may be given under subsection 107H(1) if:

                     (a)  the issuing agency is:

                              (i)  for an historic domestic preservation notice—a criminal law‑enforcement agency; and

                             (ii)  for an ongoing domestic preservation notice—a criminal law‑enforcement agency that is an interception agency; and

                     (b)  the agency is investigating a serious contravention; and

                     (c)  the agency considers that there are reasonable grounds for suspecting that, in the relevant period for the notice, there are stored communications in existence, or stored communications might come into existence, that:

                              (i)  might assist in connection with the investigation; and

                             (ii)  relate to the person or telecommunications service specified in the notice; and

                     (d)  the agency intends that if, at a later time, the agency considers that the stored communications would be likely to assist in connection with the investigation, then the agency will apply for a Part 2‑5 warrant or a stored communications warrant to access those communications; and

                     (e)  for an ongoing domestic preservation notice—there is not another ongoing domestic preservation notice in force that:

                              (i)  was given by the agency to the same carrier; and

                             (ii)  specifies the same person or telecommunications service.

Notices given by the Organisation

             (2)  A domestic preservation notice may be given under subsection 107H(1) if:

                     (a)  the issuing agency is the Organisation; and

                     (b)  the Organisation considers that there are reasonable grounds for suspecting that, in the relevant period for the notice, there are stored communications in existence, or stored communications might come into existence, that:

                              (i)  might assist the Organisation in carrying out its function of obtaining intelligence relating to security; and

                             (ii)  relate to the person or telecommunications service specified in the notice; and

                     (c)  the Organisation intends that if, at a later time, the Organisation considers that the stored communications would be likely to assist in carrying out that function, then the Director‑General of Security will request a Part 2‑2 warrant to access those communications; and

                     (d)  for an ongoing domestic preservation notice—there is not another ongoing domestic preservation notice in force that:

                              (i)  was given by the Organisation to the same carrier; and

                             (ii)  specifies the same person or telecommunications service.

107K  When a domestic preservation notice is in force

                   A domestic preservation notice:

                     (a)  comes into force when the carrier receives it; and

                     (b)  ceases to be in force at the earliest of the following times:

                              (i)  the end of the period of 90 days, starting on the day the carrier receives it;

                             (ii)  if the notice is revoked under section 107L—when the carrier receives notice of the revocation;

                            (iii)  if a Part 2‑5 warrant or stored communications warrant authorising access to the stored communications covered by the notice is issued in relation to the issuing agency—when the warrant ceases to be in force;

                            (iv)  if a Part 2‑2 warrant authorising access to the stored communications covered by the notice is issued in relation to the issuing agency—the end of the period of 5 days after the day the warrant was issued.

107L  Revoking a domestic preservation notice

Discretionary revocation

             (1)  An issuing agency that has given a domestic preservation notice may revoke the notice at any time.

Mandatory revocation

             (2)  An issuing agency that has given a domestic preservation notice must revoke the notice if:

                     (a)  if the issuing agency is a criminal law‑enforcement agency (including an interception agency):

                              (i)  the condition in paragraph 107J(1)(b) or (c) is no longer satisfied; or

                             (ii)  the agency decides not to apply for a Part 2‑5 warrant or stored communications warrant to access the stored communications covered by the notice; or

                     (b)  if the issuing agency is the Organisation:

                              (i)  the condition in paragraph 107J(2)(b) is no longer satisfied; or

                             (ii)  the Organisation is satisfied that the Director‑General of Security will not request a Part 2‑2 warrant to access the stored communications covered by the notice.

Revocation effected by giving revocation notice

             (3)  A domestic preservation notice is revoked by the issuing agency giving the carrier to whom it was given written notice of the revocation.

107M  Persons who act on the issuing agency’s behalf

Historic domestic preservation notices

             (1)  An historic domestic preservation notice may only be given or revoked on behalf of an issuing agency by:

                     (a)  if the issuing agency is a criminal law‑enforcement agency—a person who may, under section 110, apply on the agency’s behalf for a stored communications warrant to access the stored communications covered by the notice; and

                     (b)  if the issuing agency is the Organisation—a certifying person.

Ongoing domestic preservation notices

             (2)  An ongoing domestic preservation notice may only be given on behalf of an issuing agency by:

                     (a)  if the issuing agency is a criminal law‑enforcement agency that is an interception agency—an authorised officer of the agency; and

                     (b)  if the issuing agency is the Organisation—the Director‑General of Security.

             (3)  An ongoing domestic preservation notice may only be revoked on behalf of an issuing agency by:

                     (a)  if the issuing agency is a criminal law‑enforcement agency that is an interception agency—an authorised officer of the agency; and

                     (b)  if the issuing agency is the Organisation—a certifying person.

Division 3Foreign preservation notices

107N  When a foreign preservation notice can be given

             (1)  If the Australian Federal Police receives a request in accordance with section 107P, the Australian Federal Police must give the carrier to which the request relates a written notice (a foreign preservation notice) requiring the carrier to preserve, while the notice is in force, all stored communications that:

                     (a)  relate to the person or telecommunications service specified in the notice; and

                     (b)  the carrier holds at any time during the period that starts at the time the carrier receives the notice and ends at the end of the day the carrier receives the notice.

             (2)  In the notice, the Australian Federal Police can only specify:

                     (a)  one person; or

                     (b)  one or more telecommunications services; or

                     (c)  one person and one or more telecommunications services.

107P  Condition for giving a foreign preservation notice

             (1)  If, under paragraph 15B(d) of the Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Act 1987, a foreign country intends to request the Attorney‑General to arrange for access to stored communications that:

                     (a)  relate to a specified person or specified telecommunications service; and

                     (b)  are held by a carrier; and

                     (c)  are relevant to an investigation, or investigative proceeding, relating to a criminal matter involving a serious foreign contravention;

then the foreign country may request the Australian Federal Police to arrange for the preservation of those stored communications.

             (2)  The request to the Australian Federal Police must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  specify the name of the authority concerned with the criminal matter; and

                     (c)  specify the serious foreign contravention that is the subject of the investigation or investigative proceeding; and

                     (d)  specify information identifying the stored communications to be preserved and the relationship between those communications and the serious foreign contravention; and

                     (e)  specify any information the foreign country has that identifies the carrier that holds the stored communications; and

                      (f)  if the stored communications relate to a specified person—specify any information the foreign country has that identifies the telecommunications service to which the stored communications relate; and

                     (g)  specify the reasons why the stored communications need to be preserved; and

                     (h)  specify that the foreign country intends to make a request under paragraph 15B(d) of the Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Act 1987 to access the stored communications.

107Q  When a foreign preservation notice is in force

                   A foreign preservation notice:

                     (a)  comes into force when the carrier receives it; and

                     (b)  ceases to be in force at the earlier of the following times:

                              (i)  if the notice is revoked under section 107R—when the carrier receives notice of the revocation;

                             (ii)  if a stored communications warrant authorising access to the stored communications covered by the notice is issued after the Attorney‑General has given an authorisation in relation to the warrant under section 15B of the Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Act 1987—when the warrant ceases to be in force.

107R  Revoking a foreign preservation notice

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a foreign country makes a request under section 107P to preserve stored communications that are held by a carrier; and

                     (b)  in response to the request, the Australian Federal Police gives a foreign preservation notice to the carrier in relation to those stored communications under subsection 107N(1); and

                     (c)  during the period of 180 days starting on the day the carrier was given the notice, the foreign country did not make a request to the Attorney‑General under paragraph 15B(d) of the Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Act 1987 to arrange for access to those communications;

then the Australian Federal Police must, by the third working day after the end of that period, revoke the preservation notice by giving the carrier to whom it was given written notice of the revocation.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a foreign country makes a request under section 107P to preserve stored communications that are held by a carrier; and

                     (b)  in response to the request, the Australian Federal Police gives a foreign preservation notice to the carrier in relation to those stored communications under subsection 107N(1); and

                     (c)  the foreign country makes a request to the Attorney‑General under paragraph 15B(d) of the Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Act 1987 to arrange for access to those communications; and

                     (d)  the Attorney‑General refuses that request;

then the Australian Federal Police must, by the third working day after it is notified of the refusal, revoke the preservation notice by giving the carrier to whom it was given written notice of the revocation.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a foreign country makes a request under section 107P to preserve stored communications that are held by a carrier; and

                     (b)  in response to the request, the Australian Federal Police gives a foreign preservation notice to the carrier in relation to those stored communications under subsection 107N(1); and

                     (c)  the foreign country withdraws the request;

then the Australian Federal Police must, by the third working day after it is notified of the withdrawal, revoke the preservation notice by giving the carrier to whom it was given written notice of the revocation.

107S  Persons who act on the AFP’s behalf

                   A foreign preservation notice must be given or revoked on behalf of the Australian Federal Police by an authorised officer of the Australian Federal Police.

Division 4Provisions relating to preservation notices

107T  Evidentiary certificates relating to actions by carriers

             (1)  The following:

                     (a)  the Managing Director of a carrier or a body corporate of which the carrier is a subsidiary;

                     (b)  the secretary of a carrier or a body corporate of which the carrier is a subsidiary;

                     (c)  an employee of a carrier authorised in writing for the purposes of this paragraph by a person referred to in paragraph (a) or (b);

may issue a written certificate signed by him or her setting out such facts as he or she considers relevant with respect to acts or things done by, or in relation to, employees of the carrier in order to comply with a preservation notice.

             (2)  A document purporting to be a certificate issued under subsection (1) and purporting to be signed by a person referred to in paragraph (a), (b) or (c) of that subsection:

                     (a)  is to be received in evidence in an exempt proceeding without further proof; and

                     (b)  in an exempt proceeding, is conclusive evidence of the matters stated in the document.

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, the question whether a body corporate is a subsidiary of another body corporate is to be determined in the same manner as the question is determined under the Corporations Act 2001.

107U  Evidentiary certificates relating to actions by issuing agencies

             (1)  A certifying official of an issuing agency may issue a written certificate signed by him or her setting out such facts as he or she considers relevant with respect to anything done by an officer or staff member of the agency in connection with a preservation notice.

             (2)  A document purporting to be a certificate issued under this section by a certifying official of an issuing agency and purporting to be signed by him or her:

                     (a)  is to be received in evidence in an exempt proceeding without further proof; and

                     (b)  in an exempt proceeding, is prima facie evidence of the matters stated in the document.

107V  Certified copies of preservation notices

                   A document certified in writing by a certifying official of an issuing agency to be a true copy of a preservation notice is to be received in evidence in an exempt proceeding as if it were the original preservation notice.

107W  How notices are to be given to carriers

                   For the purposes of this Part:

                     (a)  a preservation notice; or

                     (b)  a revocation notice under section 107L or 107R;

may only be given to a carrier by giving it to an authorised representative of the carrier.

Part 3‑1Prohibition on access to stored communications

  

108  Stored communications not to be accessed

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person:

                              (i)  accesses a stored communication; or

                             (ii)  authorises, suffers or permits another person to access a stored communication; or

                            (iii)  does any act or thing that will enable the person or another person to access a stored communication; and

                     (b)  the person does so with the knowledge of neither of the following:

                              (i)  the intended recipient of the stored communication;

                             (ii)  the person who sent the stored communication.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years or 120 penalty units, or both.

Note:          This section does not prohibit accessing of communications, that are no longer passing over a telecommunications system, from the intended recipient or from a telecommunications device in the possession of the intended recipient.

          (1A)  Without limiting paragraph (1)(b), a person is taken for the purposes of that paragraph to have knowledge of an act referred to in paragraph (1)(a) if written notice of an intention to do the act is given to the person.

Note:          For giving notice, see section 28A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to or in relation to:

                     (a)  accessing a stored communication under a stored communications warrant; or

                     (b)  accessing a stored communication under an interception warrant; or

                     (c)  accessing a stored communication under a computer access warrant issued under section 25A of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979; or

                    (ca)  accessing a stored communication under an authorisation given under a warrant in accordance with section 27E of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979; or

                     (d)  an act or thing done by an employee of a carrier in the course of his or her duties for or in connection with:

                              (i)  the installation of any line, or the installation of any equipment, used or intended for use in connection with a telecommunications service; or

                             (ii)  the operation or maintenance of a telecommunications system; or

                            (iii)  the identifying or tracing of any person who has contravened, or is suspected of having contravened or being likely to contravene, a provision of Part 10.6 of the Criminal Code;

                            if it is reasonably necessary for the employee to do that act or thing in order to perform those duties effectively; or

                     (e)  accessing a stored communication by another person lawfully engaged in duties relating to the installation, connection or maintenance of equipment or a line, if it is reasonably necessary for the person to access the communication in order to perform those duties effectively; or

                      (f)  accessing a stored communication by a person lawfully engaged in duties relating to the installation, connection or maintenance of equipment used, or to be used, for accessing stored communications under:

                            (ia)  preservation notices; or

                              (i)  stored communications warrants; or

                             (ii)  interception warrants; or

                            (iii)  computer access warrants issued under section 25A of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979; or

                            (iv)  authorisations given under warrants in accordance with section 27E of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979; or

                     (g)  accessing a stored communication if the access results from, or is incidental to, action taken by an ASIO employee, in the lawful performance of his or her duties, for the purpose of:

                              (i)  discovering whether a listening device is being used at, or in relation to, a particular place; or

                             (ii)  determining the location of a listening device; or

                    (ga)  accessing a stored communication if the access results from, or is incidental to, action taken by an ASIO affiliate, in accordance with the contract, agreement or other arrangement under which the ASIO affiliate is performing functions or services for the Organisation, for the purpose of:

                              (i)  discovering whether a listening device is being used at, or in relation to, a particular place; or

                             (ii)  determining the location of a listening device; or

                     (h)  accessing a stored communication by an officer or staff member of the Australian Communications and Media Authority engaged in duties relating to enforcement of the Spam Act 2003.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

             (3)  For the purposes of paragraph (2)(b), access to a stored communication is taken to be under an interception warrant if, and only if, the warrant would have authorised interception of the communication if it were still passing over a telecommunications system.

             (4)  In determining, for the purposes of paragraphs (2)(d) and (e), whether an act or thing done by a person was reasonably necessary in order for the person to perform his or her duties effectively, a court is to have regard to such matters (if any) as are specified in, or ascertained in accordance with, the regulations.

Note:          The civil remedy provisions in Part 3‑7 may apply to a contravention of this section.

Part 3‑2Access by the Organisation to stored communications

  

109  Access to stored communications under Part 2‑2 warrants

                   In addition to authorising interception of communications, a Part 2‑2 warrant also authorises a person to access a stored communication if:

                     (a)  the warrant would have authorised interception of the communication if it were still passing over a telecommunications system; and

                     (b)  the person is approved under section 12 in respect of the warrant.

Part 3‑3Access by criminal law‑enforcement agencies to stored communications

Division 1Applications for warrants

110  Criminal law‑enforcement agencies may apply for stored communications warrants

             (1)  A criminal law‑enforcement agency may apply to an issuing authority for a stored communications warrant in respect of a person.

             (2)  The application must be made on the agency’s behalf by:

                     (a)  if the agency is referred to in subsection 39(2)—a person referred to in that subsection in relation to that agency; or

                     (b)  otherwise:

                              (i)  the chief officer of the agency; or

                             (ii)  an officer of the agency (by whatever name called) who holds, or is acting in, an office or position in the agency nominated under subsection (3).

             (3)  The chief officer of the agency may, in writing, nominate for the purposes of subparagraph (2)(b)(ii) an office or position in the agency that is involved in the management of the agency.

             (4)  A nomination under subsection (3) is not a legislative instrument.

110A  Meaning of criminal law‑enforcement agency

             (1)  Each of the following is a criminal law‑enforcement agency:

                     (a)  the Australian Federal Police;

                     (b)  a Police Force of a State;

                     (c)  the Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity;

                     (d)  the ACC;

                     (e)  subject to subsection (1A), the Immigration and Border Protection Department;

                    (ea)  the Australian Securities and Investments Commission;

                   (eb)  the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission;

                      (f)  the Crime Commission;

                     (g)  the Independent Commission Against Corruption;

                     (h)  the Police Integrity Commission;

                      (i)  the IBAC;

                      (j)  the Crime and Corruption Commission;

                     (k)  the Corruption and Crime Commission;

                      (l)  the Independent Commissioner Against Corruption;

                    (m)  subject to subsection (7), an authority or body for which a declaration under subsection (3) is in force.

          (1A)  Paragraph (1)(e) applies to the Immigration and Border Protection Department only in connection with the investigation by that Department of a contravention of:

                     (a)  the Customs Act 1901; or

                     (b)  the Crimes Act 1914; or

                     (c)  the Criminal Code; or

                     (d)  the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999; or

                     (e)  Part 6 of the Australian Border Force Act 2015; or

                      (f)  an Act prescribed in a legislative instrument made by the Minister for the purposes of this paragraph; or

                     (g)  a provision of an Act, being a provision prescribed in a legislative instrument made by the Minister for the purposes of this paragraph.

Note:          See also section 110B.

             (2)  The head of an authority or body may request the Minister to declare the authority or body to be a criminal law‑enforcement agency.

             (3)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, declare:

                     (a)  an authority or body to be a criminal law‑enforcement agency; and

                     (b)  persons specified, or of a kind specified, in the declaration to be officers of the criminal law‑enforcement agency for the purposes of this Act.

          (3A)  The Minister may make the declaration whether or not the head of the authority or body has made a request under subsection (2).

          (3B)  The Minister must not make the declaration unless the Minister is satisfied on reasonable grounds that the functions of the authority or body include investigating serious contraventions.

             (4)  In considering whether to make the declaration, the Minister must have regard to:

                     (b)  whether access to stored communications, and the making of authorisations under section 180, would be reasonably likely to assist the authority or body in investigating serious contraventions; and

                     (c)  whether the authority or body:

                              (i)  is required to comply with the Australian Privacy Principles; or

                             (ii)  is required to comply with a binding scheme that provides protection of personal information that meets the requirements of subsection (4A); or

                            (iii)  has agreed in writing to comply with a scheme providing such protection of personal information, in relation to personal information disclosed to it under Chapter 3 or 4, if the declaration is made; and

                     (d)  whether the authority or body proposes to adopt processes and practices that would ensure its compliance with the obligations of a criminal law‑enforcement agency under Chapter 3, and the obligations of an enforcement agency under Chapter 4; and

                     (e)  whether the Minister considers that the declaration would be in the public interest; and

                      (f)  any other matter that the Minister considers relevant.

          (4A)  For the purposes of subparagraphs (4)(c)(ii) and (iii), the protection of personal information provided by the scheme must:

                     (a)  be comparable to the protection provided by the Australian Privacy Principles; and

                     (b)  include a mechanism for monitoring the authority’s or body’s compliance with the scheme; and

                     (c)  include a mechanism that enables an individual to seek recourse if his or her personal information is mishandled.

             (5)  In considering whether to make the declaration, the Minister may consult such persons or bodies as the Minister thinks fit. In particular, the Minister may consult the Privacy Commissioner and the Ombudsman.

             (6)  The declaration may be subject to conditions.

             (7)  Without limiting subsection (6), a condition may provide that the authority or body is not to exercise:

                     (a)  a power conferred on a criminal law‑enforcement agency by or under a specified provision in Chapter 3; or

                     (b)  a power conferred on an enforcement agency by or under a specified provision in Chapter 4.

The authority or body is taken, for the purposes of this Act, not to be a criminal law‑enforcement agency for the purposes of that provision in Chapter 3, or an enforcement agency for the purposes of that provision in Chapter 4, as the case requires.

             (8)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, revoke a declaration under subsection (3) relating to an authority or body if the Minister is no longer satisfied that the circumstances justify the declaration remaining in force.

             (9)  The revocation under subsection (8) of a declaration relating to an authority or body does not affect the validity of:

                     (a)  a domestic preservation notice given by the authority or body; or

                     (b)  a stored communications warrant issued to the authority or body; or

                     (c)  an authorisation made by an authorised officer of the authority or body under Division 4 of Part 4‑1;

that was in force immediately before the revocation took effect.

           (10)  A declaration under subsection (3):

                     (a)  comes into force when it is made, or on such later day as is specified in the declaration; and

                     (b)  ceases to be in force at the end of the period of 40 sitting days of a House of the Parliament after the declaration comes into force.

           (11)  If a Bill is introduced into either House of the Parliament that includes an amendment of subsection (1), the Minister:

                     (a)  must refer the amendment to the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security for review; and

                     (b)  must not in that referral specify, as the period within which the Committee is to report on its review, a period that will end earlier than 15 sitting days of a House of the Parliament after the introduction of the Bill.

110B  Declarations in relation to the Immigration and Border Protection Department

Provisions of Chapter 3 or 4 that do not apply to the Immigration and Border Protection Department

             (1)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, declare that:

                     (a)  a specified provision in Chapter 3 or 4, referring to a criminal law‑enforcement agency, does not apply in relation to the Immigration and Border Protection Department; or

                     (b)  a specified provision in Chapter 4, referring to an enforcement agency, does not apply in relation to the Immigration and Border Protection Department.

Provisions of Chapter 3 or 4 that have a limited application to the Immigration and Border Protection Department

             (2)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, declare that:

                     (a)  a specified provision in Chapter 3 or 4, referring to a criminal law‑enforcement agency, applies in relation to the Immigration and Border Protection Department only to the extent specified in the declaration; or

                     (b)  a specified provision in Chapter 4, referring to an enforcement agency, applies in relation to the Immigration and Border Protection Department only to the extent specified in the declaration.

111  Form of applications

             (1)  The application must be in writing.

             (2)  However, a person making the application on the agency’s behalf may make the application by telephone if the person:

                     (a)  is the chief officer of the agency or a person in relation to whom an authorisation by the chief officer is in force under subsection (3); and

                     (b)  thinks it necessary, because of urgent circumstances, to make the application by telephone.

             (3)  The chief officer of a criminal law‑enforcement agency may, in writing, authorise persons (including classes of persons) for the purposes of subsection (2). However, each person must be entitled under section 110 to make applications on the agency’s behalf.

112  Contents of written applications

                   The application must, if it is in writing, set out:

                     (a)  the name of the agency; and

                     (b)  the name of the person making the application on the agency’s behalf.

113  Affidavits to accompany written applications

             (1)  The application must, if it is in writing, be accompanied by an affidavit complying with this section.

             (2)  The affidavit must set out the facts and other grounds on which the application is based.

             (3)  Despite subsection (1), a written application may be accompanied by 2 or more affidavits that together set out each matter that, but for this subsection, this section would have required an affidavit accompanying the application to set out.

114  Information to be given on telephone applications

                   The information given to an issuing authority in connection with a telephone application to the issuing authority:

                     (a)  must include particulars of the urgent circumstances because of which the person making the application on the agency’s behalf thinks it necessary to make the application by telephone; and

                     (b)  must include each matter that, if the application had been made in writing, section 112 or 113 would have required the application, or an affidavit accompanying it, to set out; and

                     (c)  must be given orally or in writing, as the issuing authority directs.

115  Giving further information to Judge

             (1)  An issuing authority may require further information to be given in connection with an application to the issuing authority for a warrant.

             (2)  The further information:

                     (a)  must be given on oath if the application was made in writing; and

                     (b)  must be given orally or otherwise, as the issuing authority directs.

Division 2Issuing of warrants

116  Issuing of stored communications warrants

             (1)  An issuing authority to whom a criminal law‑enforcement agency has applied for a stored communications warrant in respect of a person may, in his or her discretion, issue such a warrant if satisfied, on the basis of the information given to him or her under this Part in connection with the application, that:

                     (a)  Division 1 has been complied with in relation to the application; and

                     (b)  in the case of a telephone application—because of urgent circumstances, it was necessary to make the application by telephone; and

                     (c)  there are reasonable grounds for suspecting that a particular carrier holds stored communications:

                              (i)  that the person has made; or

                             (ii)  that another person has made and for which the person is the intended recipient; and

                     (d)  information that would be likely to be obtained by accessing those stored communications under a stored communications warrant would be likely to assist in connection with:

                              (i)  in the case of an application other than a mutual assistance application—the investigation by the agency of a serious contravention in which the person is involved (including as a victim of the serious contravention); or

                             (ii)  in the case of a mutual assistance application—the investigation or investigative proceeding, by the foreign country to which the application relates, of a serious foreign contravention to which the application relates and in which the person is involved (including as a victim of the serious foreign contravention); and

                   (da)  if the stored communications warrant is applied for in relation to a person who is the victim of the serious contravention—the person is unable to consent, or it is impracticable for the person to consent, to those stored communications being accessed; and

                     (e)  in any case—having regard to the matters referred to in subsection (2) or (2A) (as the case requires), and to no other matters, the issuing authority should issue a warrant authorising access to such stored communications.

             (2)  In the case of an application other than a mutual assistance application, the matters to which the issuing authority must have regard are:

                     (a)  how much the privacy of any person or persons would be likely to be interfered with by accessing those stored communications under a stored communications warrant; and

                     (b)  the gravity of the conduct constituting the serious contravention; and

                     (c)  how much the information referred to in subparagraph (1)(d)(i) would be likely to assist in connection with the investigation; and

                     (d)  to what extent methods of investigating the serious contravention that do not involve the use of a stored communications warrant in relation to the person have been used by, or are available to, the agency; and

                     (e)  how much the use of such methods would be likely to assist in connection with the investigation by the agency of the serious contravention; and

                      (f)  how much the use of such methods would be likely to prejudice the investigation by the agency of the serious contravention, whether because of delay or for any other reason.

          (2A)  In the case of a mutual assistance application, the matters to which the issuing authority must have regard are:

                     (a)  how much the privacy of any person or persons would be likely to be interfered with by accessing those stored communications under a stored communications warrant; and

                     (b)  the gravity of the conduct constituting the serious foreign contravention; and

                     (c)  how much the information referred to in subparagraph (1)(d)(ii) would be likely to assist in connection with the investigation, to the extent that this is possible to determine from information obtained from the foreign country to which the application relates.

             (3)  The warrant may be issued in relation to the investigation of more than one serious contravention or serious foreign contravention, but cannot relate to both a serious contravention and a serious foreign contravention.

117  What stored communications warrants authorise

                   A stored communications warrant authorises persons approved under subsection 127(2) in respect of the warrant to access, subject to any conditions or restrictions that are specified in the warrant, a stored communication:

                     (a)  that was made by the person in respect of whom the warrant was issued; or

                     (b)  that another person has made and for which the intended recipient is the person in respect of whom the warrant was issued;

and that becomes, or became, a stored communication before the warrant is first executed in relation to the carrier that holds the communication.

118  Form and content of stored communications warrants

             (1)  A stored communications warrant:

                     (a)  must be in accordance with the prescribed form; and

                     (b)  must be signed by the issuing authority who issues it.

             (2)  A stored communications warrant may specify conditions or restrictions relating to accessing stored communications under the warrant.

             (3)  A stored communications warrant must set out short particulars of each serious contravention or serious foreign contravention in relation to which the issuing authority issuing the warrant was satisfied, on the application for the warrant, as mentioned in subparagraph 116(1)(d)(i) or (ii), as the case may be.

119  Duration of stored communications warrants

             (1)  A stored communications warrant remains in force:

                     (a)  until it is first executed; or

                     (b)  until the end of the period of 5 days after the day on which it was issued;

whichever occurs sooner.

             (2)  However, if the warrant relates to more than one telecommunications service and those services are not all operated by the same carrier, the warrant remains in force, to the extent that it relates to a telecommunications service operated by a particular carrier:

                     (a)  until it is first executed in relation to a telecommunications service operated by that particular carrier; or

                     (b)  until the end of the period of 5 days after the day on which it was issued;

whichever occurs sooner.

             (3)  An issuing authority must not vary a stored communications warrant by extending the period for which it is to be in force.

             (4)  This section does not prevent the issue of a further warrant in respect of the person in respect of whom the warrant was issued.

             (5)  However, if the further warrant relates to the same telecommunications service as the previous warrant, it must not be issued within 3 days after the day on which the previous warrant was executed or (if subsection (2) applies) was last executed.

Division 3How warrants etc. are dealt with

120  Stored communications warrants issued on telephone applications

             (1)  An issuing authority who issues a stored communications warrant on a telephone application:

                     (a)  must, as soon as practicable after completing and signing the warrant:

                              (i)  inform the person who made the application, on behalf of the criminal law‑enforcement agency concerned, of the terms of the warrant, the day on which it was signed and the time at which it was signed; and

                             (ii)  give the warrant to that person; and

                     (b)  must keep a copy of the warrant.

             (2)  A person who makes a telephone application on a criminal law‑enforcement agency’s behalf must, within one day after the day on which a warrant is issued on the application:

                     (a)  cause each person who gave information to the issuing authority in connection with the application to swear an affidavit setting out the information so given by the person; and

                     (b)  give to the issuing authority:

                              (i)  the affidavit or affidavits; and

                             (ii)  unless the applicant is the chief officer of the criminal law‑enforcement agency—a copy of an authorisation by the chief officer under subsection 111(3) that was in force in relation to the applicant when the application was made.

             (3)  An issuing authority may, by writing signed by him or her, revoke a warrant that he or she issued on a telephone application if satisfied that subsection (2) has not been complied with in relation to the warrant. If he or she does so, he or she must:

                     (a)  forthwith inform the person who made the application on the criminal law‑enforcement agency’s behalf, or the chief officer of the criminal law‑enforcement agency, of the revocation; and

                     (b)  give the instrument of revocation to that person, or to the chief officer, as soon as practicable.

             (4)  The chief officer of that agency must, if another criminal law‑enforcement agency is exercising authority under the warrant:

                     (a)  cause the chief officer of the other agency to be informed forthwith of the revocation; and

                     (b)  cause a copy of the instrument of revocation to be given as soon as practicable to the chief officer of the other agency.

121  What happens when stored communications warrants are issued

                   The chief officer of the agency must cause:

                     (a)  an authorised representative of the carrier that holds the stored communications to which the warrant relates to be informed forthwith of the issue of the warrant; and

                     (b)  a copy of the warrant, certified in writing by a certifying officer of the agency to be a true copy of the warrant, to be given as soon as practicable to that authorised representative.

122  Revocation of stored communications warrants by chief officers

             (1)  The chief officer of a criminal law‑enforcement agency to which a stored communications warrant has been issued must, on being satisfied that the grounds on which the warrant was issued have ceased to exist:

                     (a)  cause the chief officer of any other criminal law‑enforcement agency that is exercising authority under the warrant to be informed forthwith of the proposed revocation of the warrant; and

                     (b)  by writing signed by him or her, revoke the warrant.

             (2)  The chief officer of a criminal law‑enforcement agency may at any time, by writing signed by him or her, revoke a warrant issued to the agency after causing the chief officer of any other criminal law‑enforcement agency that is exercising authority under the warrant to be informed forthwith that the chief officer proposes to revoke the warrant.

             (3)  The chief officer of a criminal law‑enforcement agency may delegate his or her power under subsection (2) to a certifying officer of the agency.

             (4)  This section does not apply in relation to a warrant that has ceased to be in force.

123  What happens when stored communications warrants are revoked

             (1)  Upon revoking a stored communications warrant, the chief officer of a criminal law‑enforcement agency must cause the chief officer of any other criminal law‑enforcement agency that is exercising authority under the warrant to be informed forthwith of the revocation.

             (2)  If an authorised representative of a carrier has been informed, under section 121, of the issue of a stored communications warrant and that warrant is subsequently revoked, the chief officer of the criminal law‑enforcement agency to which the warrant was issued must:

                     (a)  cause that authorised representative to be informed forthwith of the revocation; and

                     (b)  cause a copy of the instrument of revocation, certified in writing by a certifying officer to be a true copy of the instrument, to be given as soon as practicable to that authorised representative.

124  Access to additional telecommunications services under stored communications warrants

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  an authorised representative of a carrier has been informed, under section 121, of the issue of a stored communications warrant; and

                     (b)  it is proposed, under the warrant, to access stored communications that, immediately before they became stored communications, had passed over a telecommunications service operated by a carrier; and

                     (c)  the service was not identified in the warrant;

the chief officer must cause that authorised representative to be given, as soon as practicable, a description in writing of the service sufficient to identify it.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  an authorised representative of a carrier has been informed, under subsection (1) of the issue of a stored communications warrant; and

                     (b)  the chief officer of the agency to which the warrant was issued, or a certifying officer of that agency, is satisfied that it is no longer necessary to access stored communications that, immediately before they became stored communications, had passed over that service;

the chief officer or the certifying officer must cause:

                     (c)  that authorised representative to be informed forthwith of the fact; and

                     (d)  confirmation in writing of the fact to be given as soon as practicable to that authorised representative.

Division 4Provisions relating to execution of warrants

125  Entry into force of stored communications warrants

                   A stored communications warrant comes into force when it is issued.

126  Limit on authority conferred by warrant

                   A stored communications warrant does not authorise access to stored communications unless notification of the issue of the warrant has been received under section 121 by an authorised representative of the carrier holding the stored communications.

127  Exercise of authority conferred by warrant

             (1)  The authority conferred by a stored communications warrant may only be exercised by a person in relation to whom an approval under subsection (2) is in force in relation to the warrant.

             (2)  The chief officer of a criminal law‑enforcement agency, or an officer of a criminal law‑enforcement agency in relation to whom an appointment under subsection (3) is in force, may approve any of the following persons to exercise the authority conferred by warrants (or classes of warrants) issued to the agency:

                     (a)  officers (or classes of officers) of the agency or another criminal law‑enforcement agency;

                     (b)  staff members (or classes of staff members) of the agency or another criminal law‑enforcement agency.

             (3)  The chief officer of a criminal law‑enforcement agency may appoint in writing an officer of the agency to be an approving officer for the purposes of subsection (2).

128  Provision of technical assistance

             (1)  Despite subsection 127(1), a designated officer, or an employee of a carrier, may provide technical assistance to an officer or staff member of a criminal law‑enforcement agency who is exercising the authority conferred by a stored communications warrant.

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), the provision of technical assistance includes (but is not limited to):

                     (a)  the doing of any act in connection with:

                              (i)  the installation of equipment for the purposes of accessing stored communications in accordance with a stored communications warrant; or

                             (ii)  the maintenance, testing or use of such equipment; or

                            (iii)  the removal of such equipment; and

                     (b)  the doing of any act involved in the accessing of a stored communication under a stored communications warrant, to the extent that the act is incidental to the doing of an act referred to in paragraph (a).

             (3)  The chief officer of a criminal law‑enforcement agency or a person who is an approving officer for a criminal law‑enforcement agency under subsection 127(3) may, in writing, declare persons to be designated officers for the purposes of this section.

129  Evidentiary certificates relating to actions by carriers

             (1)  The following:

                     (a)  the Managing Director of a carrier or a body corporate of which the carrier is a subsidiary;

                     (b)  the secretary of a carrier or a body corporate of which the carrier is a subsidiary;

                     (c)  an employee of a carrier authorised in writing for the purposes of this paragraph by a person referred to in paragraph (a) or (b);

may issue a written certificate signed by him or her setting out such facts as he or she considers relevant with respect to acts or things done by, or in relation to, employees of the carrier in order to enable a warrant to be executed.

             (2)  A document purporting to be a certificate issued under subsection (1) and purporting to be signed by a person referred to in paragraph (a), (b) or (c) of that subsection:

                     (a)  is to be received in evidence in an exempt proceeding without further proof; and

                     (b)  in an exempt proceeding, is conclusive evidence of the matters stated in the document.

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, the question whether a body corporate is a subsidiary of another body corporate is to be determined in the same manner as the question is determined under the Corporations Act 2001.

130  Evidentiary certificates relating to actions by criminal law‑enforcement agencies

             (1)  A certifying officer of a criminal law‑enforcement agency may issue a written certificate signed by him or her setting out such facts as he or she considers relevant with respect to:

                     (a)  anything done by an officer or staff member of the agency in connection with the execution of a stored communications warrant; or

                     (b)  anything done by an officer or staff member of the agency in connection with:

                              (i)  the communication by a person to another person of information obtained by the execution of such a warrant; or

                             (ii)  the making use of such information; or

                            (iii)  the making of a record of such information; or

                            (iv)  the custody of a record of such information; or

                             (v)  the giving in evidence of such information.

             (2)  A document purporting to be a certificate issued under this section by a certifying officer of a criminal law‑enforcement agency and to be signed by him or her:

                     (a)  is to be received in evidence in an exempt proceeding without further proof; and

                     (b)  in an exempt proceeding, is prima facie evidence of the matters stated in the document.

131  Certified copies of stored communications warrants

                   A document certified in writing by a certifying officer of a criminal law‑enforcement agency to be a true copy of a stored communications warrant is to be received in evidence in an exempt proceeding as if it were the original warrant.

132  Obstruction

             (1)  A person commits an offence if the person obstructs or hinders another person acting under a stored communications warrant.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 6 months or 30 penalty units, or both.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the person obstructing or hindering has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

Part 3‑4Dealing with accessed information etc.

Division 1Prohibition on dealing with accessed information etc.

133  No dealing with accessed information etc.

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person:

                              (i)  communicates information to another person; or

                             (ii)  makes use of information; or

                            (iii)  makes a record of information; or

                            (iv)  gives information in evidence in a proceeding; and

                     (b)  the information is:

                              (i)  lawfully accessed information; or

                             (ii)  information obtained by accessing a stored communication in contravention of subsection 108(1); or

                           (iia)  preservation notice information; or

                            (iii)  stored communications warrant information.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years or 120 penalty units, or both.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to conduct permitted under this Part.

Note 1:       A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

Note 2:       The civil remedy provisions in Part 3‑7 may apply to a contravention of this section.

Division 2Permitted dealings with accessed information

134  Dealing in preservation notice information or stored communications warrant information

                   A person may, for the purposes of Part 3‑1A, 3‑2, 3‑3, 3‑5 or 3‑6 or Chapter 4A:

                     (a)  communicate preservation notice information or stored communications warrant information to another person; or

                     (b)  make use of preservation notice information or stored communications warrant information; or

                     (c)  make a record of preservation notice information or stored communications warrant information; or

                     (d)  give preservation notice information or stored communications warrant information in evidence in a proceeding.

135  Dealing in information by employees of carriers

Communicating information to the appropriate criminal law‑enforcement agency

             (1)  An employee of a carrier may communicate information obtained by accessing stored communications under a stored communications warrant to:

                     (a)  the officer of the criminal law‑enforcement agency who applied for the warrant on the agency’s behalf; or

                     (b)  an officer of the agency in relation to whom an authorisation under subsection (2) by the chief officer of the agency is in force in relation to the warrant.

             (2)  The chief officer of a criminal law‑enforcement agency may authorise in writing officers, or classes of officers, of the agency to receive information obtained by accessing stored communications under stored communications warrants, or classes of such warrants, issued to the agency.

Information relating to operation of networks etc.

             (3)  An employee of a carrier may communicate or make use of, or cause to be communicated, lawfully accessed information or information that has been obtained by accessing a stored communication in contravention of subsection 108(1) if:

                     (a)  the employee does so in the performance of his or her duties as such an employee; and

                     (b)  the information relates to:

                              (i)  the operation or maintenance of a telecommunications network operated by the carrier; or

                             (ii)  the supply of services by the carrier by means of a telecommunications network.

             (4)  An employee of a carrier may communicate or cause to be communicated to another carrier, or to an employee of another carrier, lawfully accessed information or information that has been obtained by accessing a stored communication in contravention of subsection 108(1) if:

                     (a)  the communication of the information is for the purpose of the carrying on by the other carrier of its business relating to the supply of services by means of a telecommunications network operated by the other carrier; and

                     (b)  the information relates to:

                              (i)  the operation or maintenance of a telecommunications network operated by the other carrier; or

                             (ii)  the supply of services by the other carrier by means of a telecommunications network.

Preservation notice information

          (4A)  An employee of a carrier may, in the performance of his or her duties as such an employee, communicate or make use of, or cause to be communicated, preservation notice information if:

                     (a)  the employee does so in the performance of his or her duties as such an employee; and

                     (b)  the information is reasonably necessary to enable the carrier to comply with the preservation notice.

          (4B)  An employee of a carrier may communicate or cause to be communicated to another carrier, or to an employee of another carrier, preservation notice information if the information is reasonably necessary to enable the carrier to comply with the preservation notice.

Stored communications warrant information

             (5)  An employee of a carrier may, in the performance of his or her duties as such an employee, communicate or make use of, or cause to be communicated, stored communications warrant information if:

                     (a)  the employee does so in the performance of his or her duties as such an employee; and

                     (b)  the information is reasonably necessary to enable access to a stored communication under a stored communications warrant.

             (6)  An employee of a carrier may communicate or cause to be communicated to another carrier, or to an employee of another carrier, stored communications warrant information if the information is reasonably necessary to enable access to a stored communication under a stored communications warrant.

136  Dealing in connection with Organisation’s functions

             (1)  A person may, in connection with the performance by the Organisation of its functions, or otherwise for purposes of security, communicate to another person, make use of, or make a record of the following:

                     (a)  lawfully accessed information other than foreign intelligence information;

                    (aa)  preservation notice information;

                     (b)  stored communications warrant information.

             (2)  The Director‑General of Security may, in connection with the performance by the Organisation of its functions, communicate foreign intelligence information to an ASIO employee or ASIO affiliate.

             (3)  An ASIO employee or ASIO affiliate may, in connection with the performance by the Organisation of its functions, communicate foreign intelligence information to the Director‑General of Security or to another ASIO employee or ASIO affiliate.

             (4)  The Director‑General of Security or an ASIO employee or ASIO affiliate may, in connection with the performance by the Organisation of its functions, make use of, or make a record of, foreign intelligence information.

137  Communicating information obtained by Organisation

             (1)  The Director‑General of Security may, in accordance with subsection 18(3) or (4A), or subsection 19A(4) of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979, communicate the following to another person:

                     (a)  lawfully accessed information;

                    (aa)  preservation notice information;

                     (b)  stored communications warrant information.

             (2)  The communication may be made by the Director‑General of Security personally or by a person authorised by the Director‑General.

             (3)  A person to whom foreign intelligence information has been communicated:

                     (a)  in accordance with subsection (1); or

                     (b)  in accordance with an approval given under this subsection;

may communicate that information to such persons, and in such manner, as are approved in writing by the Attorney‑General.

138  Employee of carrier may communicate information to criminal law‑enforcement agency

             (1)  An employee of a carrier may, for a purpose or purposes connected with the investigation by the Australian Communications and Media Authority of a serious contravention or with the performance of its functions relating to enforcement of the Spam Act 2003, and for no other purpose, communicate to an officer or staff member of the authority the following:

                     (a)  lawfully accessed information other than foreign intelligence information;

                    (aa)  preservation notice information;

                     (b)  stored communications warrant information.

             (2)  An employee of a carrier may, for a purpose or purposes connected with the investigation by any other criminal law‑enforcement agency of a serious contravention, and for no other purpose, communicate to an officer or staff member of the agency the following:

                     (a)  lawfully accessed information other than foreign intelligence information;

                    (aa)  preservation notice information;

                     (b)  stored communications warrant information.

139  Dealing for purposes of investigation etc.

             (1)  An officer or staff member of a criminal law‑enforcement agency or an eligible Commonwealth authority may, for one or more purposes referred to in subsection (2) or (4A), and for no other purpose (other than a purpose referred to in subsection 139A(2), if applicable), communicate to another person, make use of, or make a record of the following:

                     (a)  lawfully accessed information other than foreign intelligence information;

                    (aa)  preservation notice information;

                     (b)  stored communications warrant information.

             (2)  In the case of information obtained by the agency other than through the execution of a warrant issued as a result of a mutual assistance application, the purposes are purposes connected with:

                     (a)  an investigation by the agency or by another criminal law‑enforcement agency of a contravention to which subsection (3) applies; or

                     (b)  the making by an authority, body or person of a decision whether or not to begin a proceeding to which subsection (4) applies; or

                     (c)  a proceeding to which subsection (4) applies; or

                     (d)  the keeping of records by the agency under Part 3‑5; or

                     (e)  an authorisation under subsection 13A(1) of the Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Act 1987 in respect of the information.

             (3)  A contravention to which this subsection applies is a contravention of a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory that:

                     (a)  is a serious offence; or

                     (b)  is an offence punishable:

                              (i)  by imprisonment for a period, or a maximum period, of at least 12 months; or

                             (ii)  if the offence is committed by an individual—by a fine, or a maximum fine, of at least 60 penalty units; or

                            (iii)  if the offence cannot be committed by an individual—by a fine, or a maximum fine, of at least 300 penalty units; or

                     (c)  could, if established, render the person committing the contravention liable:

                              (i)  if the contravention were committed by an individual—to pay a pecuniary penalty of 60 penalty units or more, or to pay an amount that is the monetary equivalent of 60 penalty units or more; or

                             (ii)  if the contravention cannot be committed by an individual—to pay a pecuniary penalty of 300 penalty units or more, or to pay an amount that is the monetary equivalent of 300 penalty units or more.

             (4)  A proceeding to which this subsection applies is:

                     (a)  a proceeding by way of a prosecution for an offence of a kind referred to in paragraph (3)(a) or (b); or

                     (b)  a proceeding for the confiscation or forfeiture of property, or for the imposition of a pecuniary penalty, in connection with the commission of such an offence; or

                   (ba)  a proceeding under the Spam Act 2003; or

                     (c)  a proceeding for the taking of evidence pursuant to section 43 of the Extradition Act 1988, in so far as the proceeding relates to such an offence; or

                     (d)  a proceeding for the extradition of a person from a State or a Territory to another State or Territory, in so far as the proceeding relates to such an offence; or

                     (e)  a proceeding for recovery of a pecuniary penalty for a contravention of a kind referred to in paragraph (3)(c); or

                      (f)  a police disciplinary proceeding.

          (4A)  In the case of information obtained by the agency through the execution of a warrant issued as a result of a mutual assistance application, the purposes are purposes connected with:

                     (a)  providing the information to the foreign country, or an appropriate authority of the foreign country, to which the application relates; or

                     (b)  the keeping of records by the agency under Part 3‑5.

             (5)  To avoid doubt, a reference in subsection (3) to a number of penalty units in relation to a contravention of a law of a State or a Territory includes a reference to an amount of a fine or pecuniary penalty that is equivalent, under section 4AA of the Crimes Act 1914, to that number of penalty units.

139A  Dealing for integrity purposes

             (1)  An officer or staff member of a Commonwealth agency may, for one or more purposes referred to in subsection (2), and for no other purpose (other than a purpose referred to in subsection 139(2), if applicable), communicate to another person, make use of, or make a record of the following:

                     (a)  lawfully accessed information other than foreign intelligence information;

                     (b)  stored communications warrant information.

             (2)  The purposes are:

                     (a)  a permitted purpose mentioned in the table in section 6S in relation to the agency or another Commonwealth agency; or

                     (b)  purposes connected with the keeping of records by the agency under Part 3‑5.

140  Dealing with information if access suspected to be unlawful

             (1)  A person may communicate information to the Attorney‑General, the Director of Public Prosecutions, the Commissioner of Police, the Integrity Commissioner or the Chief Executive Officer of the ACC if:

                     (a)  the information was obtained by accessing a stored communication; and

                     (b)  the person suspects on reasonable grounds that the information may tend to establish that an offence of the following kind (a suspected offence) has been committed:

                              (i)  an offence against subsection 108(1) constituted by the access, or by authorising, suffering or permitting, or doing an act or thing to enable, the access;

                             (ii)  an offence against section 133 constituted by communicating to a person, making use of, making a record of, or giving in evidence in a proceeding, information obtained by the access;

                            (iii)  an ancillary offence relating to an offence of a kind referred to in subparagraph (i) or (ii) of this paragraph.

             (2)  A person to whom the information is communicated in accordance with subsection (1) may communicate to another person, make use of, or make a record of, some or all of the information for a purpose (or 2 or more purposes) connected with:

                     (a)  an investigation of a suspected offence; or

                     (b)  the making by an authority, body or person of a decision whether or not to begin a proceeding by way of a prosecution for a suspected offence; or

                     (c)  a proceeding by way of a prosecution for a suspected offence;

and for no other purpose.

141  Making record for purpose of permitted communication

                   A person who is permitted by section 135, 137 or 138 or subsection 140(1) to communicate particular information to another person may:

                     (a)  make a record of the information, or

                     (b)  cause such a record to be made;

for the purpose of so communicating the information in accordance with that section or subsection.

142  Further dealing by recipient of certain information

                   A person to whom information has, in accordance with subsection 135(4), section 139 or 139A, subsection 140(2) or this section, been communicated for a purpose, or for 2 or more purposes, may:

                     (a)  communicate that information to another person; or

                     (b)  make use of, or make a record of, that information;

for that purpose, or for one or more of those purposes, and for no other purpose.

142A  Communicating information obtained as a result of a mutual assistance application to foreign country

             (1)  Despite subsection 139(4A) and section 142, a person may only communicate information, obtained through the execution of a warrant issued as a result of a mutual assistance application, to the foreign country to which the application relates, subject to the following conditions:

                     (a)  that the information will only be used for the purposes for which the foreign country requested the information;

                     (b)  that any document or other thing containing the information will be destroyed when it is no longer required for those purposes;

                     (c)  any other condition determined, in writing, by the Attorney‑General.

             (2)  A determination made under paragraph (1)(c) is not a legislative instrument.

143  Giving information in evidence in exempt proceeding

             (1)  A person may give lawfully accessed information (other than foreign intelligence information) in evidence in an exempt proceeding.

             (2)  For the purposes of applying subsection (1) in relation to information, the question whether or not a stored communication was accessed in contravention of subsection 108(1) may be determined on the balance of probabilities.

             (3)  A person may give stored communications warrant information in evidence in an exempt proceeding.

144  Giving information in evidence if communication unlawfully accessed

             (1)  A person may give, in evidence in an exempt proceeding, information obtained by accessing stored communications obtained in contravention of subsection 108(1) if:

                     (a)  the access was purportedly under a stored communications warrant; and

                     (b)  the court in which, or the tribunal, body, authority or person before which, the proceeding is held is satisfied that:

                              (i)  but for an irregularity, the access would not have constituted a contravention of subsection 108(1); and

                             (ii)  the irregularity is not a substantial defect or irregularity; and

                            (iii)  in all the circumstances, the irregularity should be disregarded.

             (2)  A reference in subsection (1) to an irregularity is a reference to a defect or irregularity:

                     (a)  in, or in connection with the issue of, a document purporting to be a warrant; or

                     (b)  in connection with the execution of a warrant, or the purported execution of a document purporting to be a warrant.

145  Evidence that has been given in exempt proceeding

                   If information is given in evidence in an exempt proceeding under section 143 or 144, that information, or any part of that information, may later be given in evidence in any proceeding.

Note:          This section was inserted as a response to the decision of the Court of Appeal of New South Wales in Wood v Beves (1997) 92 A Crim R 209.

146  Giving information in evidence in civil proceedings for remedial relief

             (1)  A person may give information obtained by accessing a stored communication in contravention of subsection 108(1) in evidence in a proceeding by way of an application under section 165 for remedial relief in respect of:

                     (a)  the access; or

                     (b)  the communication (in contravention of section 133) of information obtained by the access.

             (2)  A person may give preservation notice information or stored communications warrant information in evidence in a proceeding by way of an application under section 165.

Division 3Admissibility of evidence

147  Accessed material inadmissible except as provided

             (1)  Neither information, nor a record, obtained by accessing a stored communication is admissible in evidence in a proceeding except in so far as section 143, 144, 145 or 146 permits a person to give in evidence in that proceeding information so obtained.

             (2)  Subsection (1) of this section applies whether or not the stored communication was accessed in contravention of subsection 108(1).

             (3)  However, for the purpose of determining the extent (if any) to which section 143, 144, 145 or 146 permits a person to give in evidence in a proceeding information obtained by the access:

                     (a)  a person may communicate to another person, make use of, make a record of, or give in evidence in the last‑mentioned proceeding, information so obtained; and

                     (b)  information, or a record, so obtained is admissible in evidence in the last‑mentioned proceeding.

148  Stored communications warrant information inadmissible except as provided

             (1)  Stored communications warrant information is admissible in evidence in a proceeding only to the extent that section 143, 145 or 146 permits a person to give stored communications warrant information in evidence in that proceeding.

             (2)  For the purpose of determining the extent (if any) to which section 143, 145 or 146 permits a person to give stored communications warrant information in evidence in a proceeding:

                     (a)  a person may:

                              (i)  communicate the information to another person; or

                             (ii)  make use of the information; or

                            (iii)  make a record of the information; or

                            (iv)  give the information in evidence in the proceeding; and

                     (b)  the information is admissible in evidence in the proceeding.

149  Evidence that is otherwise inadmissible

                   This Part does not render:

                     (a)  information; or

                     (b)  any record that was obtained by accessing a stored communication (whether or not in contravention of subsection 108(1));

admissible in evidence in a proceeding to a greater extent than it would have been admissible in evidence in that proceeding if this Part had not been enacted.

Division 4Destruction of records

150  Destruction of records

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  information, or a record, that was obtained by accessing a stored communication (whether or not in contravention of subsection 108(1)) is in a criminal law‑enforcement agency’s possession; and

                     (b)  the chief officer of the agency is satisfied that the information or record is not likely to be required for a purpose referred to in subsection 139(2) or 139A(2);

the chief officer must cause the information or record to be destroyed forthwith.

             (2)  The chief officer must, as soon as practicable, and in any event within 3 months, after each 30 June, give to the Minister a written report that sets out the extent to which information and records were destroyed in accordance with this section.

Part 3‑5Keeping and inspection of records

Division 1Obligation to keep records

151  Obligation to keep records

             (1)  The chief officer of a criminal law‑enforcement agency must cause the following, or copies of the following, to be kept in the agency’s records for the period specified in subsection (3):

                     (a)  each preservation notice given by the agency, and documents or other materials that indicate whether the notice was properly given;

                     (b)  each notice under subsection 107L(3) of the revocation of such a preservation notice, and documents or other materials that indicate whether the revocation was properly made;

                     (c)  each stored communications warrant issued to the agency, and documents or other materials that indicate whether the warrant was properly applied for, including:

                              (i)  a copy of each application for such a warrant; and

                             (ii)  a copy of each affidavit supporting such an application; and

                            (iii)  documents or other materials that indicate whether the applicant for such a warrant complied with the requirements of Division 1 of Part 3‑3;

                     (d)  each instrument revoking such a warrant under section 122, and documents or other materials that indicate whether the revocation was properly made;

                     (e)  documents or other materials that indicate the persons approved under subsection 127(2), and the persons appointed under subsection 127(3) to be approving officers for the purposes of subsection 127(2);

                      (f)  each authorisation by the chief officer under subsection 135(2);

                     (g)  each request for mutual assistance, being a request to which a mutual assistance application relates, and documents or other materials that indicate:

                              (i)  whether the request was made lawfully; or

                             (ii)  the offence in relation to which the request was made;

                     (h)  documents or other materials that indicate whether the communication, use or recording of lawfully accessed information (other than foreign intelligence information, preservation notice information or stored communication warrant information) complied with the requirements of Division 2 of Part 3‑4;

                      (i)  documents indicating whether information or a record was destroyed in accordance with section 150;

                      (j)  each evidentiary certificate issued under this Chapter;

                     (k)  each report given to the Minister under Division 1 of Part 3‑6;

                      (l)  documents and other materials of a kind prescribed under subsection (2) of this section.

             (2)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, prescribe kinds of documents and other materials that the chief officer of a criminal law‑enforcement agency must cause to be kept in the agency’s records.

             (3)  The period for which the chief officer of a criminal law‑enforcement agency must cause a particular item to be kept in the agency’s records under subsection (1) of this section is the period:

                     (a)  starting when the item came into existence; and

                     (b)  ending:

                              (i)  when 3 years have elapsed since the item came into existence; or

                             (ii)  when the Ombudsman gives a report to the Minister under section 186J that is about records that include the item;

                            whichever happens earlier.

Division 3Inspection of preservation notice records by Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security

158A  Functions of the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security

             (1)  Under the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security Act 1986, the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security has functions in relation to preservation notices given by the Organisation.

             (2)  In particular, the Inspector‑General of Intelligence and Security has the function of:

                     (a)  inquiring into any matter that relates to compliance by the Organisation with this Act (see subparagraph 8(1)(a)(i) of that Act); and

                     (b)  conducting such inspections of the Organisation as the Inspector‑General considers appropriate for the purpose of giving effect to the objects of that Act (see section 9A of that Act).

Part 3‑6Reports about access to stored communications

Division 1Reports to the Minister

159  Annual reports regarding applications and warrants under Part 3‑3

             (1)  The chief officer of a criminal law‑enforcement agency must, as soon as practicable, and in any event within 3 months, after each 30 June, give to the Minister a written report that sets out such information as:

                     (a)  Division 2 (other than section 163A) requires to be set out in the Minister’s report under that Division relating to the year ending on that 30 June; and

                     (b)  can be derived from the agency’s records.

             (2)  Section 34C of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 does not apply in relation to a report under this section.

160  Minister may seek further information from Commonwealth agency

             (1)  The Minister may, by writing, request the chief officer of a criminal law‑enforcement agency to give to the Minister in writing specified information that:

                     (a)  the Minister needs in connection with preparing a report under Division 2; and

                     (b)  is not contained in a report by the chief officer under section 159.

             (2)  To the extent that it is practicable to do so, the chief officer must comply with the request.

Division 2Reports by the Minister

161  Annual report by Minister about stored communications warrants

                   The Minister must, as soon as practicable after each 30 June, cause to be prepared a written report that relates to the year ending on that 30 June and complies with this Division.

161A  Report to contain information about preservation notices

Domestic preservation notices

             (1)  The report must set out, for each criminal law‑enforcement agency:

                     (a)  the relevant statistics about domestic preservation notices that were given by the agency during that year; and

                     (b)  the relevant statistics about revocation notices given by the agency under section 107L during that year.

Foreign preservation notices

             (2)  If the criminal law‑enforcement agency is the Australian Federal Police, the report must also set out:

                     (a)  the relevant statistics about foreign preservation notices that were given by the agency during that year; and

                     (b)  the relevant statistics about revocation notices given by the agency under section 107R during that year.

162  Report to set out how many applications made and warrants issued

             (1)  The report must set out, for each criminal law‑enforcement agency:

                     (a)  the relevant statistics about applications for stored communications warrants that the agency made during that year; and

                     (b)  the relevant statistics about telephone applications for stored communications warrants that the agency made during that year; and

                     (c)  the relevant statistics about mutual assistance applications that the agency made during that year; and

                     (d)  for each offence (the foreign offence) against a law of a foreign country in respect of which a stored communications warrant was issued as a result of a mutual assistance application made by the agency during the year—the offence (if any), under a law of the Commonwealth, or of a State or a Territory, that is of the same nature as, or a substantially similar nature to, the foreign offence.

             (2)  The report must set out:

                     (a)  the relevant statistics about applications for stored communications warrants that were made during that year; and

                     (b)  the relevant statistics about telephone applications for stored communications warrants that were made during that year; and

                   (ba)  the relevant statistics about mutual assistance applications that were made during that year; and

                     (c)  the relevant statistics about renewal applications made during that year; and

                     (d)  how many stored communications warrants issued on applications made during that year specified conditions or restrictions relating to access to stored communications under the warrants; and

                     (e)  for each offence (the foreign offence) against a law of a foreign country in respect of which a stored communications warrant was issued as a result of a mutual assistance application made during the year—the offence (if any), under a law of the Commonwealth, or of a State or a Territory, that is of the same nature as, or a substantially similar nature to, the foreign offence.

163  Report to contain information about effectiveness of warrants

                   The report must set out, for each criminal law‑enforcement agency:

                     (a)  how many arrests were made during that year on the basis of information that was, or included, lawfully accessed information; and

                     (b)  how many proceedings ended during that year that were proceedings in which, according to the records of the agency, lawfully accessed information was given in evidence.

163A  Report regarding mutual assistance requests

                   The report must set out the number of occasions on which lawfully accessed information or stored communications warrant information was provided to a foreign country under subsection 139(1) or section 142 in connection with an authorisation under subsection 13A(1) of the Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Act 1987.

Division 3Provisions about annual reports

164  Annual reports

             (1)  The Minister must cause a copy of a report under Division 2 to be laid before each House of the Parliament within 15 sitting days of that House after the report is prepared.

             (2)  A report under Division 2 must not be made in a manner that is likely to enable the identification of a person.

             (3)  For the purposes of section 34C of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901, a report that Division 2 requires to be prepared as soon as practicable after 30 June in a calendar year is taken to be a periodic report:

                     (a)  that this Act requires a person to give to the Minister; and

                     (b)  that relates to the administration of Parts 3‑3, 3‑4 and 3‑5 during the year ending on that 30 June.

Part 3‑7Civil remedies

  

165  Civil remedies—unlawful access or communication

When section applies

             (1)  This section applies to an accessing of a stored communication if the access was in contravention of subsection 108(1).

Aggrieved person

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, a person is an aggrieved person if, and only if:

                     (a)  the person was a party to the communication; or

                     (b)  the communication was made on the person’s behalf.

Access—civil court remedy

             (3)  If a person (the defendant):

                     (a)  so accessed the communication; or

                     (b)  did an act or thing referred to in subparagraph 108(1)(a)(ii) or (iii) in relation to the access;

the Federal Court of Australia or a court of a State or Territory may, on the application of an aggrieved person, grant the aggrieved person remedial relief in respect of the access by making such orders against the defendant as the court considers appropriate.

Note:          Subparagraphs 108(1)(a)(ii) and (iii) deal with the authorisation or enabling of access etc.

Communication—civil court remedy

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  information was obtained by accessing the communication; and

                     (b)  a person (the defendant) communicated the information to another person in contravention of section 133;

the Federal Court of Australia or a court of a State or Territory may, on the application of an aggrieved person, grant the aggrieved person remedial relief in respect of the communication of the information by making such orders against the defendant as the court considers appropriate.

Access—criminal court remedy

             (5)  If a court convicts a person (the defendant) of an offence against subsection 108(1) constituted by:

                     (a)  the access; or

                     (b)  the doing of an act or thing referred to in subparagraph 108(1)(a)(ii) or (iii) in relation to the access;

the court may, on the application of an aggrieved person, grant the aggrieved person remedial relief in respect of the access by making such orders against the defendant as the court considers appropriate.

Note:          Subparagraphs 108(1)(a)(ii) and (iii) deal with the authorisation or enabling of access etc.

Communication—criminal court remedy

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  information was obtained by accessing the communication; and

                     (b)  the information was communicated to a person in contravention of section 133; and

                     (c)  a court convicts a person (in this subsection called the defendant) of an offence against section 133 constituted by the communication of the information;

the court may, on the application of an aggrieved person, grant the aggrieved person remedial relief in respect of the communication of the information by making such orders against the defendant as the court considers appropriate.

Orders

             (7)  Without limiting the orders that may be made under this section against a person (the defendant) in respect of a particular access to or a particular communication of information, a court may make an order of one or more of the following kinds:

                     (a)  an order declaring the access or communication, as the case requires, to have been unlawful;

                     (b)  an order that the defendant pay to the aggrieved person such damages as the court considers appropriate;

                     (c)  an order in the nature of an injunction (including a mandatory injunction);

                     (d)  an order that the defendant pay to the aggrieved person an amount not exceeding the amount that, in the opinion of the court, represents the total gross income derived by the defendant as a result of the access or communication, as the case requires.

Terms etc. of orders

             (8)  Without limiting the orders that may be made by a court under this section, an order may:

                     (a)  include such provisions as the court considers necessary for the purposes of the order; and

                     (b)  be made either unconditionally or subject to such terms and conditions as the court determines.

Injunctive relief—variation etc.

             (9)  A court may revoke or vary an order in the nature of an injunction made by the court under this section.

Punitive damages

           (10)  A reference in paragraph (7)(b) to damages includes a reference to damages in the nature of punitive damages.

Minor irregularities in warrants etc.

           (11)  Despite subsection (1) of this section, this section does not apply to an accessing that contravenes subsection 108(1) only because of a defect or irregularity (other than a substantial defect or irregularity):

                     (a)  in, or in connection with the issue of, a document purporting to be a warrant; or

                     (b)  in connection with the execution of a warrant, or the purported execution of a document purporting to be a warrant.

166  Limitation periods etc.

Access—civil court remedy

             (1)  An application under subsection 165(3) for the grant of remedial relief in respect of an access is to be made within 6 years after the access took place.

Communication—civil court remedy

             (2)  An application under subsection 165(4) for the grant of remedial relief in respect of a communication of information is to be made within 6 years after the communication.

Criminal court remedies

             (3)  An application under subsection 165(5) or (6) for the grant of remedial relief is not subject to any limitation period, but is to be made as soon as practicable after the conviction concerned.

167  No limitation on other liability

No limitation

             (1)  This Part does not limit any liability (whether criminal or civil) that a person has under any other provision of this Act or under any other law.

Remedial relief even if defendant convicted of offence

             (2)  An application under subsection 165(3) or (4) may be made even if the defendant referred to in that subsection has been convicted of an offence under, or arising out of, this Act.

168  Concurrent operation of State and Territory laws

                   This Part is not intended to exclude or limit the operation of a law of a State or Territory that is capable of operating concurrently with this Part.

169  State or Territory courts—jurisdictional limits

                   This Part does not enable an inferior court of a State or Territory to grant remedial relief of a kind that the court is unable to grant under the law of that State or Territory.

170  Extended meaning of conviction—orders under section 19B of the Crimes Act 1914

                   A reference in this Part to the conviction of a person of an offence includes a reference to the making of an order under section 19B of the Crimes Act 1914 in relation to a person in respect of an offence.

Note:          Section 19B of the Crimes Act 1914 empowers a court that has found a person to have committed an offence to take action without proceeding to record a conviction.

Chapter 4Access to telecommunications data

Part 4‑1Permitted access to telecommunications data

Division 1Outline of Part

171  Outline of Part

             (1)  Divisions 3, 4 and 4A set out some circumstances when sections 276, 277 and 278 of the Telecommunications Act 1997 do not prohibit a disclosure of information or a document.

Note 1:       Division 3 covers the Organisation. Division 4 covers disclosures for the purposes of Australian enforcement agencies. Division 4A covers disclosures for the purposes of foreign law enforcement.

Note 2:       Those Divisions do not permit the disclosure of the contents or substance of a communication: see Division 2.

             (2)  Division 5 sets out some circumstances when sections 276, 277 and 278 of the Telecommunications Act 1997 do not prohibit a use of information or a document.

             (3)  Division 6 creates offences for certain disclosures and uses of information and documents.

Division 2General provisions

172  No disclosure of the contents or substance of a communication

                   Divisions 3, 4 and 4A do not permit the disclosure of:

                     (a)  information that is the contents or substance of a communication; or

                     (b)  a document to the extent that the document contains the contents or substance of a communication.

173  Effect of Divisions 3 to 5

                   Nothing in Divisions 3 to 5 limits the generality of anything else in those Divisions or in Subdivision A of Division 3 of Part 13 of the Telecommunications Act 1997.

Division 3The Organisation

174  Voluntary disclosure

             (1)  Sections 276, 277 and 278 of the Telecommunications Act 1997 do not prohibit a disclosure by a person (the holder) of information or a document to the Organisation if the disclosure is in connection with the performance by the Organisation of its functions.

Limitation

             (2)  This section does not apply if the Director‑General of Security, the Deputy Director‑General of Security or any other ASIO employee or ASIO affiliate requests the holder to disclose the information or document.

Note:          Sections 175 and 176 deal with the disclosure of information or a document in response to authorisations by the Organisation.

175  Authorisations for access to existing information or documents

             (1)  Sections 276, 277 and 278 of the Telecommunications Act 1997 do not prohibit a disclosure of information or a document if the information or document is covered by an authorisation in force under subsection (2).

Making of authorisation

             (2)  The following persons (each of whom is an eligible person):

                     (a)  the Director‑General of Security;

                     (b)  the Deputy Director‑General of Security;

                     (c)  ASIO employee or ASIO affiliate covered by an approval in force under subsection (4);

may authorise the disclosure of specified information or specified documents that came into existence before the time the person from whom the disclosure is sought receives notification of the authorisation.

Note:          Section 184 deals with notification of authorisations.

             (3)  The eligible person must not make the authorisation unless he or she is satisfied that the disclosure would be in connection with the performance by the Organisation of its functions.

Approvals

             (4)  The Director‑General of Security may, by writing, approve ASIO employee or ASIO affiliate for the purposes of paragraph (2)(c).

176  Authorisations for access to prospective information or documents

             (1)  Sections 276, 277 and 278 of the Telecommunications Act 1997 do not prohibit a disclosure of information or a document if the information or document is covered by an authorisation in force under this section.

Prospective authorisation

             (2)  The following persons (each of whom is an eligible person):

                     (a)  the Director‑General of Security;

                     (b)  the Deputy Director‑General of Security;

                     (c)  an ASIO employee or ASIO affiliate who holds, or is acting in, a position that is equivalent to, or that is higher than, an SES Band 2 position in the Department;

may authorise the disclosure of specified information or specified documents that come into existence during the period for which the authorisation is in force.

Authorisation for access to existing information or documents may also be sought

             (3)  The eligible person may, in that authorisation, also authorise the disclosure of specified information or specified documents that came into existence before the time the authorisation comes into force.

Limits on making the authorisation

             (4)  The eligible person must not make the authorisation unless he or she is satisfied that the disclosure would be in connection with the performance by the Organisation of its functions.

Period for which authorisation is in force

             (5)  An authorisation under this section:

                     (a)  comes into force at the time the person from whom the disclosure is sought receives notification of the authorisation; and

                     (b)  unless it is revoked earlier, ends at the time specified in the authorisation, which must be a time that:

                              (i)  is no later than the end of the period of 90 days beginning on the day the authorisation is made; and

                             (ii)  if the authorisation is made under a journalist information warrant—is no later than the end of the period specified under section 180N as the period for which the warrant is to remain in force.

Note:          Section 184 deals with notification of authorisations.

Revoking the authorisation

             (6)  An eligible person must revoke the authorisation if:

                     (a)  he or she is satisfied that the disclosure is no longer required; or

                     (b)  in a case where the authorisation is made under a journalist information warrant:

                              (i)  the warrant is revoked under subsection 180N(1); or

                             (ii)  the Director‑General of Security has informed the Minister under section 180P that the Director‑General is satisfied that the grounds on which the warrant was issued have ceased to exist.

Note:          Section 184 deals with notification of authorisations.

Division 4Enforcement agencies

176A  Meaning of enforcement agency

             (1)  Each of the following is an enforcement agency:

                     (a)  subject to subsection 110A(7), a criminal law‑enforcement agency;

                     (b)  subject to subsection (7), an authority or body for which a declaration under subsection (3) is in force.

Note:          See also section 110B (about declarations in relation to the Immigration and Border Protection Department).

             (2)  The head of an authority or body may request the Minister to declare the authority or body to be an enforcement agency.

             (3)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, declare:

                     (a)  an authority or body to be an enforcement agency; and

                     (b)  persons specified, or of a kind specified, in the declaration to be officers of the enforcement agency for the purposes of this Act.

          (3A)  The Minister may make the declaration whether or not the head of the authority or body has made a request under subsection (2).

          (3B)  The Minister must not make the declaration unless the Minister is satisfied on reasonable grounds that the functions of the authority or body include:

                     (a)  enforcement of the criminal law; or

                     (b)  administering a law imposing a pecuniary penalty; or

                     (c)  administering a law relating to the protection of the public revenue.

             (4)  In considering whether to make the declaration, the Minister must have regard to:

                     (b)  whether the making of authorisations under section 178 or 179 would be reasonably likely to assist the authority or body in performing the functions referred to in subsection (3B); and

                     (c)  whether the authority or body:

                              (i)  is required to comply with the Australian Privacy Principles; or

                             (ii)  is required to comply with a binding scheme that provides protection of personal information that meets the requirements of subsection (4A); or

                            (iii)  has agreed in writing to comply with a scheme providing such protection of personal information, in relation to personal information disclosed to it under Chapter 4, if the declaration is made; and

                     (d)  whether the authority or body proposes to adopt processes and practices that would ensure its compliance with the obligations of an enforcement agency under Chapter 4; and

                     (e)  whether the Minister considers that the declaration would be in the public interest; and

                      (f)  any other matter that the Minister considers relevant.

          (4A)  For the purposes of subparagraphs (4)(c)(ii) and (iii), the protection of personal information provided by the scheme must:

                     (a)  be comparable to the protection provided by the Australian Privacy Principles; and

                     (b)  include a mechanism for monitoring the authority’s or body’s compliance with the scheme; and

                     (c)  include a mechanism that enables an individual to seek recourse if his or her personal information is mishandled.

             (5)  In considering whether to make the declaration, the Minister may consult such persons or bodies as the Minister thinks fit. In particular, the Minister may consult the Privacy Commissioner and the Ombudsman.

             (6)  The declaration may be subject to conditions.

             (7)  Without limiting subsection (6), a condition may provide that the authority or body is not to exercise a power conferred on an enforcement agency by or under a specified provision in Chapter 4. The authority or body is taken, for the purposes of this Act, not to be an enforcement agency for the purposes of that provision.

             (8)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, revoke a declaration under subsection (3) relating to an authority or body if the Minister is no longer satisfied that the circumstances justify the declaration remaining in force.

             (9)  The revocation under subsection (8) of a declaration relating to an authority or body does not affect the validity of an authorisation, made by an authorised officer of the authority or body under this Division, that was in force immediately before the revocation took effect.

           (10)  A declaration under subsection (3):

                     (a)  comes into force when it is made, or on such later day as is specified in the declaration; and

                     (b)  ceases to be in force at the end of the period of 40 sitting days of a House of the Parliament after the declaration comes into force.

           (11)  If a Bill is introduced into either House of the Parliament that includes an amendment of subsection (1), the Minister:

                     (a)  must refer the amendment to the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security for review; and

                     (b)  must not in that referral specify, as the period within which the Committee is to report on its review, a period that will end earlier than 15 sitting days of a House of the Parliament after the introduction of the Bill.

177  Voluntary disclosure

Enforcement of the criminal law

             (1)  Sections 276, 277 and 278 of the Telecommunications Act 1997 do not prevent a disclosure by a person (the holder) of information or a document to an enforcement agency if the disclosure is reasonably necessary for the enforcement of the criminal law.

Enforcement of a law imposing a pecuniary penalty or protection of the public revenue

             (2)  Sections 276 and 277 of the Telecommunications Act 1997 do not prevent a disclosure by a person (the holder) of information or a document to an enforcement agency if the disclosure is reasonably necessary for the enforcement of a law imposing a pecuniary penalty or for the protection of the public revenue.

Limitation

             (3)  This section does not apply if a relevant staff member of an enforcement agency requests the holder to disclose the information or document.

Note:          Sections 178 to 180 deal with the disclosure of information or a document in response to authorisations by an authorised officer of an enforcement agency.

178  Authorisations for access to existing information or documents—enforcement of the criminal law

             (1)  Sections 276, 277 and 278 of the Telecommunications Act 1997 do not prevent a disclosure of information or a document if the information or document is covered by an authorisation in force under subsection (2).

             (2)  An authorised officer of an enforcement agency may authorise the disclosure of specified information or specified documents that came into existence before the time the person from whom the disclosure is sought receives notification of the authorisation.

Note:          Section 184 deals with notification of authorisations.

             (3)  The authorised officer must not make the authorisation unless he or she is satisfied that the disclosure is reasonably necessary for the enforcement of the criminal law.

178A  Authorisations for access to existing information or documents—locating missing persons

             (1)  Sections 276, 277 and 278 of the Telecommunications Act 1997 do not prevent a disclosure of information or a document if the information or document is covered by an authorisation in force under subsection (2).

             (2)  An authorised officer of the Australian Federal Police, or a Police Force of a State, may authorise the disclosure of specified information or specified documents that came into existence before the time the person from whom the disclosure is sought receives notification of the authorisation.

Note:          Section 184 deals with notification of authorisations.

             (3)  The authorised officer must not make the authorisation unless he or she is satisfied that the disclosure is reasonably necessary for the purposes of finding a person who the Australian Federal Police, or a Police Force of a State, has been notified is missing.

179  Authorisations for access to existing information or documents—enforcement of a law imposing a pecuniary penalty or protection of the public revenue

             (1)  Sections 276 and 277 of the Telecommunications Act 1997 do not prevent a disclosure of information or a document if the information or document is covered by an authorisation in force under subsection (2).

             (2)  An authorised officer of an enforcement agency may authorise the disclosure of specified information or specified documents that came into existence before the time the person from whom the disclosure is sought receives notification of the authorisation.

Note:          Section 184 deals with notification of authorisations.

             (3)  The authorised officer must not make the authorisation unless he or she is satisfied that the disclosure is reasonably necessary for the enforcement of a law imposing a pecuniary penalty or for the protection of the public revenue.

180  Authorisations for access to prospective information or documents

             (1)  Sections 276, 277 and 278 of the Telecommunications Act 1997 do not prevent a disclosure of information or a document if the information or document is covered by an authorisation in force under this section.

Prospective authorisation

             (2)  An authorised officer of a criminal law‑enforcement agency may authorise the disclosure of specified information or specified documents that come into existence during the period for which the authorisation is in force.

Authorisation for access to existing information or documents may also be sought

             (3)  The authorised officer may, in that authorisation, also authorise the disclosure of specified information or specified documents that came into existence before the time the authorisation comes into force.

Limits on making the authorisation

             (4)  The authorised officer must not make the authorisation unless he or she is satisfied that the disclosure is reasonably necessary for the investigation of:

                     (a)  a serious offence; or

                     (b)  an offence against a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory that is punishable by imprisonment for at least 3 years.

Period for which authorisation is in force

             (6)  An authorisation under this section:

                     (a)  comes into force at the time the person from whom the disclosure is sought receives notification of the authorisation; and

                     (b)  unless it is revoked earlier, ends at the time specified in the authorisation, which must be a time that:

                              (i)  is no later than the end of the period of 45 days beginning on the day the authorisation is made; and

                             (ii)  if the authorisation is made under a journalist information warrant—is no later than the end of the period specified under subsection 180U(3) as the period for which the warrant is to remain in force.

Note:          Section 184 deals with notification of authorisations.

Revoking the authorisation

             (7)  An authorised officer of the criminal law‑enforcement agency must revoke the authorisation if:

                     (a)  he or she is satisfied that the disclosure is no longer required; or

                     (b)  in a case where the authorisation is made under a journalist information warrant—the warrant is revoked under subsection 180W(1).

Note:          Section 184 deals with notification of authorisations.

Division 4AForeign law enforcement

Subdivision APrimary disclosures

180A  Authorisations for access to existing information or documents—enforcement of the criminal law of a foreign country

Disclosure to the Australian Federal Police

             (1)  Sections 276, 277 and 278 of the Telecommunications Act 1997 do not prevent a disclosure of information or a document if the information or document is covered by an authorisation in force under subsection (2).

             (2)  An authorised officer of the Australian Federal Police may authorise the disclosure of specified information or specified documents that came into existence before the time the person from whom the disclosure is sought receives notification of the authorisation.

Note:          Section 184 deals with notification of authorisations.

             (3)  The authorised officer must not make the authorisation unless he or she is satisfied that the disclosure is reasonably necessary for the enforcement of the criminal law of a foreign country.

Disclosure to a foreign law enforcement agency

             (4)  If specified information or specified documents are disclosed because of an authorisation given under subsection (2), an authorised officer of the Australian Federal Police may authorise the disclosure of the information or documents so disclosed to a foreign law enforcement agency.

             (5)  The authorised officer must not make the authorisation unless he or she is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the disclosure is reasonably necessary for the enforcement of the criminal law of a foreign country; and

                     (b)  the disclosure is appropriate in all the circumstances.

180B  Authorisations for access to prospective information or documents—enforcement of the criminal law of a foreign country

Disclosure to the Australian Federal Police

             (1)  Sections 276, 277 and 278 of the Telecommunications Act 1997 do not prevent a disclosure of information or a document if the information or document is covered by an authorisation in force under subsection (2) of this section.

Prospective authorisation

             (2)  An authorised officer of the Australian Federal Police may authorise the disclosure of specified information or specified documents that come into existence during the period for which the authorisation is in force.

             (3)  The authorised officer must not make the authorisation unless:

                     (a)  the Attorney‑General has authorised the making of the authorisation under the Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Act 1987; and

                     (b)  the authorised officer is satisfied that the disclosure is reasonably necessary for the investigation of an offence against the law of a foreign country that:

                              (i)  is punishable by imprisonment for 3 years or more, imprisonment for life or the death penalty; or

                             (ii)  involves an act or omission that, if it had occurred in Australia, would have constituted a serious offence within the meaning of section 5D of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979; and

                     (c)  the authorised officer is satisfied that the disclosure is appropriate in all the circumstances.

             (4)  An authorised officer of the Australian Federal Police must revoke the authorisation if he or she is satisfied that the disclosure is no longer required.

Note:          Section 184 deals with notification of revocations.

             (5)  An authorisation under subsection (2):

                     (a)  comes into force at the time the person from whom the disclosure is sought receives notification of the authorisation; and

                     (b)  ceases to be in force at the time specified in the authorisation, which must not be more than 21 days after the day the authorisation is made, or that period as extended under subsection (6), unless it is revoked earlier.

Note:          Section 184 deals with notification of authorisations.

Extension of prospective authorisation

             (6)  The period for which an authorisation under subsection (2) is in force may be extended once only, by an authorised officer of the Australian Federal Police, if the authorised officer is satisfied that the extension is:

                     (a)  reasonably necessary for the investigation of an offence against the law of a foreign country that:

                              (i)  is punishable by imprisonment for 3 years or more, imprisonment for life or the death penalty; or

                             (ii)  involves an act or omission that, if it had occurred in Australia, would have constituted a serious offence within the meaning of section 5D of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979; and

                     (b)  appropriate in all the circumstances.

             (7)  An extension under subsection (6) must not be for more than 21 days from the day of the extension.

Disclosure to a foreign law enforcement agency

             (8)  If specified information or specified documents are disclosed because of an authorisation given under subsection (2), an authorised officer of the Australian Federal Police may authorise the disclosure of the information or documents so disclosed to a foreign law enforcement agency if the authorised officer is satisfied that the disclosure is:

                     (a)  reasonably necessary for the investigation of an offence against the law of a foreign country that:

                              (i)  is punishable by imprisonment for 3 years or more, imprisonment for life or the death penalty; or

                             (ii)  involves an act or omission that, if it had occurred in Australia, would have constituted a serious offence within the meaning of section 5D of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979; and

                     (b)  appropriate in all the circumstances.

             (9)  An authorised officer must not make more than one authorisation a day under subsection (8).

Subdivision BSecondary disclosures

180C  Authorisations to disclose information or documents—enforcement of the criminal law of a foreign country

             (1)  If specified information or specified documents are disclosed because of an authorisation given under Division 4, other than because of an authorisation under section 178A (missing persons), an authorised officer of the Australian Federal Police may authorise the disclosure of the information or documents so disclosed to a foreign law enforcement agency.

             (2)  The authorised officer must not make the authorisation unless he or she is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the disclosure is reasonably necessary for the enforcement of the criminal law of a foreign country; and

                     (b)  the disclosure is appropriate in all the circumstances.

180D  Authorisations to disclose information or documents—enforcement of the criminal law

             (1)  If specified information or specified documents are disclosed because of an authorisation given under this Division, an authorised officer of the Australian Federal Police may authorise the following:

                     (a)  the disclosure of the information or documents to the Organisation or an enforcement agency;

                     (b)  the use of the information or documents by the Australian Federal Police.

             (2)  The authorised officer must not make the authorisation unless he or she is satisfied that:

                     (a)  in the case of a disclosure to the Organisation—the disclosure is reasonably necessary for the performance by the Organisation of its functions; and

                     (b)  in the case of a disclosure to an enforcement agency—the disclosure is reasonably necessary:

                              (i)  for the enforcement of the criminal law; or

                             (ii)  for the enforcement of a law imposing a pecuniary penalty; or

                            (iii)  for the protection of the public revenue; and

                     (c)  in the case of a use by the Australian Federal Police—the use is reasonably necessary:

                              (i)  for the enforcement of the criminal law; or

                             (ii)  for the enforcement of a law imposing a pecuniary penalty; or

                            (iii)  for the protection of the public revenue; and

                     (d)  in any case—the disclosure or use is appropriate in all the circumstances.

Subdivision CConditions of disclosure to foreign country

180E  Disclosing information etc. obtained to foreign country

             (1)  A person must not disclose information or a document in accordance with an authorisation under section 180A, 180B or 180C to a foreign country unless the disclosure is subject to the following conditions:

                     (a)  that the information will only be used for the purposes for which the foreign country requested the information;

                     (b)  that any document or other thing containing the information will be destroyed when it is no longer required for those purposes;

                     (c)  in the case of information or a document disclosed under section 180B—any other condition determined, in writing, by the Attorney‑General.

             (2)  A determination made under paragraph (1)(c) is not a legislative instrument.

Division 4BPrivacy to be considered when making authorisations

180F  Authorised officers to consider privacy

                   Before making an authorisation under Division 4 or 4A in relation to the disclosure or use of information or documents, the authorised officer considering making the authorisation must be satisfied on reasonable grounds that any interference with the privacy of any person or persons that may result from the disclosure or use is justifiable and proportionate, having regard to the following matters:

                    (aa)  the gravity of any conduct in relation to which the authorisation is sought, including:

                              (i)  the seriousness of any offence in relation to which the authorisation is sought; and

                             (ii)  the seriousness of any pecuniary penalty in relation to which the authorisation is sought; and

                            (iii)  the seriousness of any protection of the public revenue in relation to which the authorisation is sought; and

                            (iv)  whether the authorisation is sought for the purposes of finding a missing person;

                     (a)  the likely relevance and usefulness of the information or documents;

                     (b)  the reason why the disclosure or use concerned is proposed to be authorised.

Division 4CJournalist information warrants

Subdivision AThe requirement for journalist information warrants

180G  The Organisation

             (1)  An eligible person (within the meaning of subsection 175(2) or 176(2), as the case requires) must not make an authorisation under Division 3 that would authorise the disclosure of information or documents relating to a particular person if:

                     (a)  the eligible person knows or reasonably believes that particular person to be:

                              (i)  a person who is working in a professional capacity as a journalist; or

                             (ii)  an employer of such a person; and

                     (b)  a purpose of making the authorisation would be to identify another person whom the eligible person knows or reasonably believes to be a source;

unless a journalist information warrant is in force in relation to that particular person.

             (2)  Nothing in this section affects by implication the kind of person in relation to whom a warrant (other than a journalist information warrant) may be issued under this Act.

180H  Enforcement agencies

             (1)  An authorised officer of an enforcement agency must not make an authorisation under section 178, 178A, 179 or 180 that would authorise the disclosure of information or documents relating to a particular person if:

                     (a)  the authorised officer knows or reasonably believes that particular person to be:

                              (i)  a person who is working in a professional capa