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Endangered Species Act 1980 (NI)

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Act No. 24 of 1980
Other document - Other as made
This is an Act of the previous Norfolk Island Legislative Assembly that was continued in force under s16 and 16A of the Norfolk Island Act 1979.
Administered by: Infrastructure, Regional Development and Cities
Registered 07 Dec 2015

NORFOLK   ISLAND

                         

ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT 1980

[Consolidated as at 5 October 2012

on the authority of the Administrator

and in accordance with

the Enactments Reprinting Act 1980]

 

 

TABLE OF PROVISIONS

Section

      1.         Short title

      2.         Commencement

      3.         Interpretation

      4.         Importation of a specimen of a species in Appendix 1 or 2

      5.         Introduction from the sea of a specimen of a species in Appendix 1 or 2

      6.         Exportation of a specimen of a species in Appendix 1 or 2

      7.         Re-exportation of a specimen of a species in Appendix 1 or 2

      8.         Artificially propagated plants

      9.         Personal and household effects

      10.       Exemptions

      11.       Waiver

      12.       Act not to affect other law

      13.       Offences

      14.       Penalties

      15.       Delegation

      16.       Forfeited specimens

      17.       Regulations

                  Schedule

                  Appendices 1 and 2

                  Appendix 3


 NORFOLK   ISLAND

                       

ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT 1980

_______________________________________________________________________

 

An Act relating to the protection of endangered species of wild fauna and flora

Short Title

      1.         This Act may be cited as the Endangered Species Act 1980.

Commencement

      2.         This Act shall come into operation on a date fixed by the Administrator by notice published in the Gazette.

Interpretation

      3.         (1)        In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears¾

      “Appendix” means an Appendix to the Convention;

      “designated authority” means the Minister of State for Science and the                                           Environment;

      “the Convention” means the Convention on International Trade in Endangered                        Species of Wild Fauna and Flora done at Washington in the United States                of America on 3 March 1973, as amended and in force on 28 June 1979, a         copy of which in the English language is set out in the Schedule.

                  (2)        Unless the contrary intention appears, words and expressions used in this Act have the same respective meanings as in the Convention.

                  (3)        A reference to the relevant authority of a country shall be read as a reference¾

                  (a)        where the country is a party to the Convention-to a                                                        Management Authority of that country; or

                  (b)        where the country is not a party to the Convention-to the                                               competent authorities of the country within the meaning of                                           Article 10 of the Convention,

                  (4)        A reference to a permit or certificate granted by the relevant authority of a country, other than a country that is a party to the Convention, shall be read as a reference to comparable documentation within the meaning of Article 10 of the Convention issued by the relevant authority.


                  (5)        A reference in paragraph 4(2)(a) or (b), 4(3)(a), 5(2)(a), 5(3)(a), 6(2)(a) or 6(3)(a) to the designated authority shall be read as including a reference to a person authorised in writing by the designated authority for the purposes of that paragraph to exercise the powers of the designated authority under that paragraph.

Importation of a specimen of a species in Appendix 1 or 2

      4.         (l)         The importation into Norfolk Island, not being an importation by way of introduction from the sea, of a specimen of a species included in Appendix 1 or Appendix 2 is prohibited unless the importer holds an import permit granted by the Administrator in respect of the specimen.

                  (2)        The Administrator shall not grant an import permit under subsection (1) in respect of a specimen of a species included in Appendix 1 unless ¾

                  (a)        the designated authority has informed him that ¾

                              (i)         the importation of the specimen will be for purposes that                                                are not detrimental to the survival of that species; and

                              (ii)        having regard to those purposes, the specimen, if imported,                                      would not be likely to affect adversely the survival of any                                             other species included in Appendix 1 or       Appendix 2;

                  (b)        where the specimen is a living specimen, the designated authority is                              satisfied that the proposed recipient of the specimen is suitably                                         equipped to house and care for the specimen; and

                  (c)        the Administrator is satisfied ¾

                              (i)         that the specimen is not to be used for primarily commercial                                     purposes; and

                              (ii)        that an export permit or re-export certificate in respect                                                    of the specimen has been granted by the relevant authority of the country from which the specimen has been, or is       proposed to be, exported or re-exported to Norfolk Island.

                  (3)        The Administrator shall not grant an import permit under sub-section (1) in respect of a specimen of a species included in Appendix 2 unless¾                            (a)        the designated authority has informed him that, having                                     regard to the purposes for which it is intended to import                                          the specimen, the specimen, if imported, would not be                                                   likely to affect adversely the survival of any other species                                       included in Appendix 1 or Appendix 2; and

                              (b)        the Administrator is satisfied that an export permit or re-                                          export certificate in respect of the specimen has been                                                      granted by the relevant authority of the country from which                                      the specimen has been, or is proposed to be, exported or re-                                      exported.

                  (4)        An application for an import permit under subsection (1) shall be made in writing and lodged with the Administrator.

Introduction from the sea of a specimen of a species in Appendix 1 or 2

      5.         (1)        The importation into Norfolk Island by way of introduction from the sea of a specimen of a species included in Appendix 1 or Appendix 2 is prohibited unless the importer holds a certificate granted by the Administrator permitting the importation of the specimen.


                  (2)        The Administrator shall not grant a certificate under subsection (1) in respect of a specimen of a species included in Appendix 1 unless¾

                  (a)        the designated authority has informed him that ¾

                              (i)         the importation of the specimen will not be detrimental to                                              the survival of that species; and

                              (ii)        the specimen, if imported, would not be likely to affect                                      adversely the survival of any other species included in                                                        Appendix 1 or Appendix 2; and

                  (b)        the Administrator is satisfied¾

                              (i)         where the specimen is a living specimen, that the proposed                                       recipient is suitably equipped to house and care for the                                       specimen; and

                              (ii)        that the specimen is not to be used for primarily commercial                                     purposes.

                  (3)        The Administrator shall not grant a certificate under subsection (1) in respect of a specimen of a species included in Appendix 2 unless¾

                  (a)        the designated authority has informed him that the importation of                                 the specimen will not be detrimental to the survival of that species;                                   and

                  (b)        where the specimen is a living specimen, the Administrator is                                         satisfied that the specimen will be handled so that the risk of injury,                                 damage to health or cruel treatment is minimised.

                  (4)        An application for a certificate under subsection (1) shall be made in writing and lodged with the Administrator.

Exportation of a specimen of a species in Appendix 1 or 2

      6.         (1)        The exportation from Norfolk Island of a specimen of a species included in Appendix 1 or Appendix 2 is prohibited unless the exporter holds an export permit granted by the Administrator in respect of the specimen.

                  (2)        The Administrator shall not grant an export permit under subsection (1) in respect of a specimen of a species included in Appendix 1 unless¾

                  (a)        the designated authority has informed him that the exportation of                                 the specimen will not be detrimental to the survival of that                                                species; and

                  (b)        the Administrator is satisfied¾

                              (i)         that the specimen was not obtained in contravention of any                                           law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory                                                        relating to the protection of fauna or flora;

                              (ii)        where the specimen is a living specimen, that it will be                                       prepared and shipped so that the risk of injury, damage to                                      health or cruel treatment is minimised; and

                              (iii)       that an import permit in respect of the specimen has been                                         granted by the relevant authority of the country to which                                               the specimen is proposed to be exported.

                  (3)        The Administrator shall not grant an export permit under subsection (1) in respect of a specimen of a species included in Appendix 2 unless¾

                  (a)        the designated authority has informed him that the exportation of                                 the specimen will not be detrimental to the survival of that                                                species; and


                  (b)        the Administrator is satisfied¾

                              (i)         that the specimen was not obtained in contravention of any                                           law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory                                                        relating to the protection of fauna or flora; and

                              (ii)        where the specimen is a living specimen, that it will be                                       prepared and shipped so that the risk of injury, damage to                                      health or cruel treatment is minimised.

                  (4)        An application for an export permit under subsection (1) shall be made in writing and lodged with the Administrator.

Re-exportation of a specimen of a species in Appendix 1 or 2

      7.         (1)        The re-exportation from Norfolk Island of a specimen of a species included in Appendix 1 or Appendix 2 is prohibited unless the exporter produces to the Collector of Customs a re-export certificate granted by the Administrator in respect of the specimen.

                  (2)        The Administrator shall not grant a re-export certificate under subsection (1) in respect of a specimen of a species included in Appendix 1 unless he is satisfied¾

                  (a)        where the specimen is a living specimen¾

                              (i)         that it will be prepared and shipped so that the risk of                                              injury, damage to health or cruel treatment is minimised;                                                and

                              (ii)        that an import permit in respect of the specimen has been                                         granted by the relevant authority of the country to which                                               the specimen is proposed to be re-exported; and

                  (b)        where the specimen was imported into Norfolk Island after the                               commencement of this Act that the specimen was so imported in                                   accordance with the provisions of the Convention.

                  (3)        The Administrator shall not grant a re-export certificate under subsection (1) in respect of a specimen of a species included in Appendix 2 unless he is satisfied¾

                  (a)        where the specimen is a living specimen, that it will be prepared                                    and shipped so that the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel                           treatment is minimised; and

                  (b)        where the specimen was imported into Norfolk Island after the                               commencement of this Act, that the specimen was so imported in                                  accordance with the provisions of the Convention.

                  (4)        An application for a re-export certificate under subsection (1) shall be made in writing and lodged with the Administrator.

Artificially propagated plants

      8.         (1)        A specimen of a plant species included in Appendix 1 that has been artificially propagated for commercial purposes shall be deemed, for the purposes of this Act, to be a specimen of a species included in Appendix 2 and not a specimen of a species included in Appendix 1.

                  (2)        A certificate given by the relevant authority of a country from which a specimen of a plant species included in Appendix 1 or Appendix 2 is exported or re-exported to the effect that the relevant authority is satisfied that¾

                  (a)        the specimen was artificially propagated;

                  (b)        the specimen is a part of a specimen of a plant species that was                          artificially propagated; or


                  (c)        the specimen is derived from a specimen of a plant species that                          was artificially propagated,

shall be taken, for the purposes of subsection 4(1), to be an import permit granted by the Administrator in respect of the specimen.

                  (3)        A certificate given by the Administrator in respect of a specimen of a plant species included in Appendix 1 or Appendix 2 to the effect that he is satisfied that¾

                  (a)        the specimen was artificially propagated;

                  (b)        the specimen is a part of a specimen of a plant species that was                          artificially propagated; or

                  (c)        the specimen is derived from a specimen of a plant species that                          was artificially propagated,

shall be taken¾

                  (d)       for the purposes of subsection 6(1) - to be an export permit                                            granted by the Administrator in respect of the specimen; and

                  (e)        for the purposes of subsection 7(1) - to be a re-export certificate                                    granted by the Administrator in respect of the specimen.

                  (4)        An application for a certificate referred to in subsection (3) shall be made in writing and lodged with the Administrator.

Personal and household effects

      9.         (1)        Except as provided by subsection (2), sections 4 and 5 do not apply to or in relation to the importation into Norfolk Island by a person of a specimen of a species included in Appendix 1 or Appendix 2 that is included in the personal or household effects of that person.

                  (2)        Sections 4 and 5 apply to and in relation to the importation into Norfolk Island by a person whose usual place of residence is in Norfolk Island of¾

                  (a)        a specimen of a species included in Appendix 1 that¾

                              (i)         is included in the personal or household effects of the                                        person; and

                              (ii)        was acquired by that person in a place other than Norfolk                                        Island; or

                  (b)        a specimen of a species included in Appendix 2 that¾

                              (i)         is included in the personal or household effects of the                                        person; and

                              (ii)        was acquired by the person in a country other than Norfolk                                      Island in which removal of the specimen from the wild                                      occurred, being a country the laws of which required the                                      prior grant of an export permit in respect of the exportation                                from that country of that specimen,

unless the Administrator is satisfied that the specimen was acquired before the provisions of the Convention applied to specimens of that species.

                  (3)        Sections 6 and 7 do not apply to or in relation to the exportation or re-exportation from Norfolk Island by a person of a specimen of a species that is included in the personal or household effects of that person.

Exemptions

      10.       Sections 4, 5, 6 and 7 do not apply to or in relation to the non-commercial loan, donation or exchange in accordance with paragraph 6 of Article 7 of the Convention of herbarium specimens, other preserved, dried or embedded museum specimens or live plant material.


Waiver

      11.       (1)        Notwithstanding section 4, 5, 6 or 7, the Administrator may authorise in writing the importation into, or exportation or re-exportation from, Norfolk Island of any specimen that is part of a travelling zoo, circus, menagerie, plant exhibition or other travelling exhibition where¾

                  (a)        full particulars of the specimen are furnished to the Administrator;

                  (b)        the specimen¾

                              (i)         was acquired before the date on which the provisions of                                                the Convention applied to the specimen;

                              (ii)        is a specimen of an animal species that was bred in                                                   captivity or is part of such an animal; or

                              (iii)       is a specimen of a plant species that was artificially                                                   propagated or is part of such a plant; and

                  (c)        if the specimen is a living specimen, the Administrator is                                                satisfied that the specimen will be transported and cared for so                             that the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment is                                         minimised.

                  (2)        An application for an authority under sub-section (1) shall be made in writing and lodged with the Administrator.

Act not to affect other law

      12.       The provisions of this Act are in addition to, and do not affect the operation of, the provisions of any law relating to quarantine or any other law in force in Norfolk Island.

Offences

      13.       A person who does anything that is prohibited by this Act is guilty of an offence against this Act.

Penalties

      14.       A person convicted of an offence against this Act is punishable¾

                  (a)        in the case of body corporate¾by a fine not exceeding 20 penalty                                units; and

                  (b)        in any other case ¾ by a fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Delegation

      15.       (1)        The Administrator may, either generally or as otherwise provided in the instrument of delegation, by writing signed by him, delegate to a person any of his powers under this Act other than this power of delegation.

                  (2)        A power so delegated, when exercised by the delegate, shall, for the purposes of this Act, be deemed to have been exercised by the Administrator.

                  (3)        A delegation under this section is revocable at will and does not prevent the exercise of a power by the Administrator.

Forfeited specimens

      16.       A specimen of a species included in Appendix 1 or Appendix 2 imported into, or exported or re-exported from, the Territory in contravention of a provision of this Act is forfeited to the Administration.

Regulations

      17.       The Minister may make Regulations, not inconsistent with this Act, prescribing all matters required or permitted by this Act to be prescribed, or necessary or convenient to be prescribed for giving effect to this Act or to the Convention.


                                                SCHEDULE

                                                                                                                        Section 3

CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES                             OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA

                                                PREAMBLE

The Contracting States,

     Recognising that the wild fauna and flora in their many beautiful and varied forms are an irreplaceable part of the natural systems of the earth which must be protected for this and the generations to come;

     Conscious of the ever-growing value of wild fauna and flora from aesthetic, scientific, cultural, recreational and economic points of view;

     Recognising that peoples and States are and should be the best protectors of their own wild fauna and flora;

     Recognising, in addition, that international cooperation is essential for the protection of certain species of wild fauna and flora against over-exploitation through international trade;

     Convinced of the urgency of taking appropriate measures to this end;

Have agreed as follows:

                                                ARTICLE 1

Definitions

      For the purposed of the present Convention, unless the context otherwise requires:

                  (a)        “Species” means any species, subspecies, or geographically separate                                     population thereof’;

                  (b)        “specimen” means:

                              (i)         any animal or plant, whether alive or dead;

                              (ii)        in the case of an animal: for species included in Appendices 1                                         and 2, any readily recognisable part or derivative thereof; and for                                                 species included in Appendix 3, any readily recognisable part or                                      derivative thereof specified in Appendices 2 and 3 in relation to                                     the species;

                  (c)        “Trade” means export, re-export, import and introduction from the sea;

                  (d)        “Re-export” means export, of any specimen that has previously been                                    imported;

                  (e)        “Introduction from the sea” means transportation into a State of                                       specimens of any species which were taken in the marine environment                           not under the jurisdiction of any State;

                  (f)        “Scientific Authority” means a national scientific authority designated in                          accordance with Article 9;

                  (g)        “Management Authority” means a national management authority                                          designated in accordance with Article 9;

                  (h)        “Party” means a State for which the present Convention has entered into                               force.


                                                ARTICLE 2

Fundamental Principles

      1.         Appendix 1 shall include all species threatened with extinction which are or any be affected by trade.  Trade in specimens of these species must be subject to particularly strict regulation in order not to endanger further their survival and must only be authorised in exceptional circumstances.

      2.         Appendix 2 shall include¾

                  (a)        all species which although not necessarily now threatened with extinction                                    may become so unless trade in specimens of such species is subject to                              strict regulation in order to avoid utilisation incompatible with their                                            survival; and

                  (b)        other species which must be subject to regulation in order that trade in                             specimens of certain species referred to in subparagraph (a) of this                                             paragraph may be brought under effective control.

      3.         Appendix 3 shall include all species which any party identifies as being subject to regulation within its jurisdiction for the purpose of preventing or restricting exploitation, and as needing the cooperation of other parties in the control of trade.

      4.         The Parties shall not allow trade in specimens of species included in appendices 1, 2 and 3 except accordance with the provisions of the present Convention.

                                                ARTICLE 3

Regulation of Trade in Specimens of Species included in Appendix 1

      1.         All trade in specimens of species included in Appendix 1 shall be in accordance with the provisions of this Article.

      2.         The export of any specimen of a species included in Appendix 1 shall require the prior grant and presentation of an export permit.  An export permit shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:

                  (a)        a Scientific Authority of the State of export has advised that such export                                     will not be detrimental to the survival of that species;

                  (b)        a Management authority of the State of export is satisfied that the                                          specimen was not obtained in contravention of the laws of that State for                          the protection of fauna and flora:

                  (c)        a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that any living                              specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimize the risk of                                            injury, damage to health or cruel treatment; and

                  (d)        a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that an import                               permit has been granted for the specimen.

      3.         The import of any specimen of a species included in Appendix 1 shall require the prior grant and presentation of an import permit and either an export permit or a re-export certificate.  An import permit shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:

                  (a)        a Scientific Authority of the State of import has advised that the import                           will be for purposes which are not detrimental to the survival of the                                            species involved;

                  (b)        a Scientific Authority of the State of import is satisfied that the proposed                               recipient of a living specimen is suitably equipped to house and care for                                     it; and

                  (c)        a Management Authority of the State of import is satisfied that the                                         specimen is not to be used for primarily commercial purposes.

      4.         The re-export of any specimen of a specified included in Appendix 1 shall require the prior grant and presentation of a re-export certificate.  A re-export certificate shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:

                  (a)        a Management authority of the State of re-export is satisfied that the                                      specimen was imported into that State in accordance with the provisions                          of the present Convention.

                  (b)        a Management authority of the State of re-export is satisfied that any                                     living specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimize the risk                           of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment; and

                  (c)        a Management Authority of the State of re-export is satisfied that an                                      import permit has been granted for any living specimen.

      5.         The introduction from the sea of any specimen of a species included in Appendix 1 shall require the prior grant of a certificate from a Management authority of the State of introduction.  A certificate shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:

                  (a)        a Scientific Authority of the State of introduction advises that the                                          introduction will not be detrimental to the survival of the species                                                 involved;

                  (b)        a Management Authority of the State of introduction is satisfied that the                          proposed recipient of a living specimen is suitably equipped to house and                                 care for it; and

                  (c)        a Management Authority of the State of introduction is satisfied that the                          specimen is not to be used for primarily commercial purposes.

                                                ARTICLE 4

Regulation of Trade in Specimens of Species included in Appendix 2

      1.         All trade in specimens of species included in Appendix 2 shall be in accordance with the provisions of this Article.

      2.         The export of any specimen of a species included in Appendix 2 shall require the prior grant and presentation of an export permit.  An export permit shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:

                  (a)        a Scientific Authority of the State of export has advised that such export                                     will not be detrimental to the survival of that species;

                  (b)        a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that the                                         specimen was not obtained in contravention of the laws of that State for                          the protection of fauna and flora; and

                  (c)        a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that any living                              specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimise the risk of                                            injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.

      3.         A Scientific Authority in each Party shall monitor both the export permits granted by that State for specimens of species included in Appendix 2 and the actual exports of such specimens.  Whenever a Scientific Authority determines that the export of specimens of any such species should be limited in order to maintain that species throughout its range at a level consistent with its role in the ecosystems in which it occurs and well above the level at which that species might become eligible for inclusion in Appendix 1, the Scientific Authority shall advise the appropriate Management Authority of suitable measures to be taken to limit the grant of export permits for specimens of that species.

      4.         The import of any specimen of a species included in Appendix 2 shall require the prior presentation of either an export permit or a re-export certificate.

      5.         The re-export of any specimen of a species included in Appendix 2 shall require the prior grant and presentation of a re-export certificate.  A re-export certificate shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:

                  (a)        a Management Authority of the State of re-export is satisfied that the                               specimen was imported into that State in accordance with the provisions                                   of the present Convention; and

                  (b)        a Management Authority of the State of re-export is satisfied that any                              living specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimise the risk                               of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.

      6.         The introduction from the sea of any specimen of a species included in Appendix 2 shall require the prior grant of a certificate from a Management Authority of the State of introduction.  A certificate shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:

                  (a)        a Scientific Authority of the State of introduction advises that the                                          introduction will not be detrimental to the survival of the species                                                 involved; and

                  (b)        a Management Authority of the State of introduction is satisfied that any                               living specimen will be so handled as to minimise the risk of injury,                                            damage to health or cruel treatment.

      7.         Certificates referred to in paragraph 6 of this Article may be granted on the advice of a Scientific Authority, in consultation with other national scientific authorities or, when appropriate, international scientific authorities, in respect of periods not exceeding one year for total numbers of specimens to be introduced in such periods

                                                ARTICLE 5

Regulation of Trade in Specimens of Species included in Appendix 3

      1.         All trade in specimens of species included in Appendix 3 shall be in accordance with the provisions of this Article.

      2.         The export of any specimen of a species included in Appendix 3 from any State which has included that species in Appendix 3 shall require the prior grant and presentation of an export permit.  An export permit shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:

                  (a)        a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that the                               specimen was not obtained in contravention of the law of that State                           for the protection of fauna and flora; and

                  (b)        a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that any                              living specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimise the                                    risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.

      3.         The import of any specimen of a species included in Appendix 3 shall require, except in circumstances to which paragraph 4 of this Article applies, the prior presentation of a certificate of origin and, where the import is from a State which has included that species in Appendix 3, an export permit.

      4.         In the case of re-export, a certificate granted by the Management Authority of the State of re-export that the specimen was processed in that State or is being re-exported shall be accepted by the State of import as evidence that the provisions of the present Convention have been complied with in respect of the specimen concerned.

                                                Article 6

Permits and Certificates

      1.         Permits and certificates granted under the provisions of Articles, 3, 4 and 5 shall be in accordance with the provisions of this Article.

      2.         An export permit shall contain the information specified in the model set forth in Appendix 4, and may only be used for export within a period of six months from the date on which it was granted.

      3.         Each permit or certificate shall contain the title of the present Convention, the name and any identifying stamp of the Management Authority granting it and a control number assigned by the Management Authority.

      4.         Any copies of a permit or certificate issued by a Management Authority shall be clearly marked as copies only and no such copy may be used in place of the original except to the extent endorsed thereon.

      5.         A separate permit or certificate shall be required for each consignment of specimens.

      6.         A Management Authority of the State of import of any specimen shall cancel and retain the export permit or re-export certificate and any corresponding import permit presented in respect of the import of that specimen.

      7.         Where appropriate and feasible a Management Authority may affix a mark upon any specimen to assist in identifying the specimen.  For these purposes “mark” means any indelible imprint, lead seal or other suitable means of identifying a specimen, designed in such a way as to render its imitation by unauthorised persons as difficult as possible.

                                                Article 7

Exemptions and Other Special Provisions Relating to Trade

      1.         The provisions of Articles 3, 4 and 5 shall not apply to the transit or trans-shipment of specimens through or in the territory of a Party while the specimens remain in Customs control.

      2.         Where a Management Authority of the State of export or re-export is satisfied that a specimen was acquired before the provisions of the present Convention applied to that specimen, the provisions of Articles 3, 4 and 5 shall not apply to specimens that are personal or household effects.  This exemption shall not apply where:

      3.         The provisions of Articles 3, 4 and 5 shall not apply to specimens that are personal or household effects.  This exemption shall not apply where:

                  (a)        in the case of specimens of a species included in Appendix 1, they were                               acquired by the owner outside his State of usual residence, and are being                                    imported into that State; or

                  (b)        in the case of specimens of species included in Appendix 2:

                              (i)         they were acquired by the owner outside his State of usual                                                     residence and in a State where removal from the wild                                                       occurred;

                              (ii)        they are being imported into the owner’s State of usual                                               residence; and

                              (iii)       the State where removal from the wild occurred requires the                                                  prior grant of export permits before any export of such                                                    specimens.

unless a Management Authority is satisfied that the specimens were acquired before the provisions of the present Convention applied to such specimens.

      4.         Specimens of an animal species included in Appendix 1 bred in captivity for commercial purposes, or of a plant species included in Appendix 1 artificially propagated for commercial purposes, shall be deemed to be specimens of species included in Appendix 2.

      5.         Where a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that any specimen of an animal species was bred in captivity or any specimen of a plant species was artificially propagated, or is a part of such an animal or plant or was derived therefrom, a certificate by that Management Authority to that effect shall be accepted in lieu of any of the permits or certificates required under the provisions of Articles 3, 4 or 5.

      6.         The provisions of Articles 3, 4 and 5 shall not apply to the non-commercial loan, donation or exchange between scientists or scientific institutions registered by a management Authority of their State, of herbarium specimens, other preserved, dried or embedded museum specimens, and live plant material which carry a label issued or approved by a Management Authority.

      7.         A Management Authority of any State may waive the requirements of Articles 3, 4 and 5 and allow the movement without permits or certificates or specimens which form part of a traveling zoo, circus, menagerie, plant exhibition or other traveling exhibition provided that;

                  (a)        the exporter or importer registers full details of such specimens                                        with that Management Authority;

                  (b)        the specimens are in either of the categories specified in paragraphs                                             2 or 5 of this Article; and

                  (c)        the Management Authority is satisfied that any living specimen                                        will be so transported and cared for as to minimize the risk of                                        injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.

                                                Article 8

Measures to be taken by the Parties

      1.         The Parties shall take appropriate measures to enforce the provisions of the present Convention and to prohibit trade in specimens in violation thereof.  These shall include measures:

                  (a)        to penalise trade in, or possession of, such specimens, or both; and

                  (b)        to provide for the confiscation or return to the State of export of such                             specimens.

      2.         In addition to the measures taken under paragraph 1 of this Article, a Party may, when it deems it necessary, provide for any method of internal reimbursement for expenses incurred as a result of the confiscation of a specimen traded in violation of the measures taken in the application of the provisions of the present Convention.

      3.         As far as possible, the Parties shall ensure that specimens shall pass through any formalities required for trade with a minimum of delay.  To facilitate such passage, a Party may designate ports of exit and ports of entry at which specimens must be presented for clearance.  The Parties shall ensure further that all living specimens, during any period of transit, holding or shipment, are properly cared for so as to minimise the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.

      4.         Where a living specimen is confiscated as a result of measures referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article;

                  (a)        the specimen shall be entrusted to a Management Authority of the State                           of confiscation;

                  (b)        the Management Authority shall, after consultation with the State of                                      export, return the specimen to that State at the expense of that State, or to                                    a rescue center or such other places as the Management Authority deems                                   appropriate and consistent with the purposes of the present Convention;                           and

                  (c)        the Management Authority may obtain the advice of a Scientific                                      Authority, or may, whenever it considers it desirable, consult the                                                Secretariat in order to facilitate the decision under subparagraph (b) of                             this paragraph, including the choice of a rescue centre or other place.

      5.         A rescue centre as referred to in paragraph 4 of this Article means an institution designated by a Management Authority to look after the welfare of living specimens, particularly those that have been confiscated.

      6.         Each Party shall maintain records of trade in specimens of species included in Appendices 1, 2 and 3 which shall cover:

                  (a)        the names and addresses of exporters and importers; and

                  (b)        the number and type of permits and certificates granted; the States with                           which such trade occurred; the numbers or quantities and types of                                                specimens, names of species as included in Appendices 1, 2 and 3 and,                                   where applicable, the size and sex of the specimens in question.

      7.         Each Party shall prepare periodic reports on its implementation of the present Convention and shall transmit to the Secretariat:

                  (a)        an annual report containing a summary of the information specified                                            in subparagraph (b) of paragraph 6 of this Article; and

                  (b)        a biennial report on legislative, regulatory and administrative                                            measures taken to enforce the provisions of the present                                                             Convention.

      8.         The information referred to in paragraph 7 of this Article shall be available to the public where this is not inconsistent with the law of the Party concerned.


                                                Article 9

Management and Scientific Authorities

      1.         Each party shall designate for the purposes of the present convention:

                  (a)        one or more Management Authorities competent to grant permits                                                 or certificates on behalf of that Party; and

                  (b)        one or more Scientific Authorities.

      2.         A State depositing an instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession shall at that time inform the Depositary Government of the name and address of the Management Authority authorised to communicate with other Parties and with the Secretariat.

      3.         Any changes in the designations or authorisations under the provisions of this Article shall be communicated by the Party concerned to the Secretariat for transmission to all other Parties.

      4.         Any Management Authority referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article shall if so requested by the Secretariat of the Management Authority of another Party, communicate to it impression of stamps, seals or other devices used to authenticate permits or certificates.

                                                Article 10

Trade with States not Party to the Convention

      Where export or re-export is to, or import is from, a State not a party to the present Convention, comparable documentation issued by the competent authorities in that State which substantially conforms with the requirements of the present Convention for permits and certificates may be accepted in lieu thereof by any Party.

                                                Article 11

Conference of the Parties

      1.         The Secretariat shall call a meeting of the Conference of the Parties not later than two years after the entry into force of the present Convention.

      2.         Thereafter the Secretariat shall convene regular meetings at least once every two years, unless the conference decides otherwise, and extraordinary meetings at any time on the written request of at least one-third of the Parties.

      3.         At meetings, whether regular or extraordinary, the Parties shall review the implementation of the present convention and may:

                  (a)        make such provisions as may be necessary to enable the Secretariat                                             to carry out its duties;

                  (b)        consider and adopt amendments to Appendices 1 and 2 in                                                     accordance with Article 15;

                  (c)        review the progress made towards the restoration and conservation                                              of the species included in Appendices 1, 2 and 3;

                  (d)        receive and consider any reports presented by the Secretariat or by                                              any Party; and

                  (e)        where appropriate, make recommendations for improving the                                    effectiveness of the present Convention.

      4.         At each regular meeting, the Parties may determine the time and venue of the next regular meeting to be held in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 2 of this Article.

      5.         At any meeting, the Parties may determine and adopt rules of procedure for the meeting.

      6.         The United Nations, its Specialised Agencies and the International Atomic Energy Agency, as well as any State not a Party to the present Convention, may be represented at meetings of the Conference by observers, who shall have the right to participate but not to vote.

      7.         Any body or agency technically qualified in protection, conservation or management of wild fauna and flora, in the following categories, which has informed the Secretariat of its desire to be represented at meetings of the Conference by observers, shall be admitted unless at least one-third of the Parties present object:

                  (a)        international agencies or bodies, either governmental or non-                                                 governmental, and national governmental agencies and bodies; and

                  (b)        national non-governmental agencies or bodies which have been                                       approved for this purpose by the State in which they are located.                                               Once admitted, these observers shall have the right to participate                                             but not to vote.

                                                Article 12

The Secretariat

      1.         Upon entry into force of the present Convention, a Secretariat shall be provided by the Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Program.  To the extent and in the manner he considers appropriate, he may be assisted by suitable inter-government or non-governmental, international or national agencies and bodies technically qualified in protection, conservation and management of wild fauna and flora.

      2.         The functions of the Secretariat shall be:

                  (a)        to arrange for and service meetings of the Parties;

                  (b)        to perform the functions entrusted to it under the provisions of                                        Articles 15 and 16 of the present Convention.;

                  (c)        to undertake scientific and technical studies in accordance with                                       programs authorised by the Conference of the Parties as will                                                     contribute to the implementation of the present Convention,                                                      including studies concerning standards for appropriate preparation                                          and shipment of living specimens and the means of identifying                                        specimens;

                  (d)        to study the reports of Parties and to request from Parties such                                         further information with respect thereto as it deems necessary to                                            ensure implementation of the present Convention;

                  (e)        to invite the attention of the Parties to any matter pertaining to the                                          aims of the present Convention;

                  (f)        to publish periodically and distribute to the Parties current editions                                               of Appendices 1, 2 and 3 together with any information which will                                            facilitate identification of specimens of species included in those                                               Appendices.

                  (g)        to prepare annual reports to the Parties on its work and on the                                    implementation of the present Convention and such other reports                                                as meetings of the Parties may request;

                  (h)        to make recommendations for the implementation of the aims and                                         provisions of the present Convention, including the exchange of                                     information of a scientific or technical nature;

                  (i)         to perform any other function as may be entrusted to it by the                                          Parties.

                                                Article 13

International measures

      1.         When the Secretariat in the light of information received is satisfied that any species included in Appendices 1 or 2 is being affected adversely by trade in specimens of that species or that the provisions of the present Convention are not being effectively implemented, it shall communicate such information to the authorised Management Authority of the Party or Parties concerned.

      2.         When any Party receives a communication as indicated in paragraph 1 of this Article, it shall, as soon as possible, inform the Secretariat of any relevant facts insofar as its laws permit and, where appropriate, propose remedial action.  Where the Party considers that an inquiry is desirable, such inquiry may be carried out by one or more persons expressly authorised by the Party.

3.   The information provided by the party or resulting from any inquiry as specified in paragraph 2 of this Article shall be reviewed by the next Conference of the Parties which may make whatever recommendations it deems appropriate.

                                                ARTICLE 14

Effect on domestic legislation and international Conventions

      1.         The provisions of the present Convention shall in no way affect the right of the Parties to adopt:

                  (a)        stricter domestic measures regarding the conditions for trade,                                           taking, possession or transport of specimens of species included in                                       Appendices 1, 2 and 3, or the complete prohibition thereof; or

                  (b)        domestic measures restricting or prohibiting trade, taking,                                                       possession, or transport of species not included in Appendices 1, 2                                              or 3.

      2.         The provisions of the present Convention shall in no way affect the provisions of any domestic measurers or the obligations of Parties deriving from any treaty, convention, or international agreement relating to other aspects of trade, taking, possession, or transport of specimens which is in force or subsequently may enter into force for any Party including any measure pertaining to the Customs, public health, veterinary or plant quarantine fields.

      3.         The provisions of the present convention shall in no way affect the provisions of, or the obligations deriving from, any treaty, convention  or international agreement concluded or which may be concluded between States creating a union or regional trade agreement establishing or maintaining a common external customs control and removing customs control between the parties thereto insofar as they relate to trade among the States members of that union or agreement.

      4.         A State party to the present Convention, which is also a party to any other treaty, convention or international agreement which is in force at the time of the coming into force of the present Convention and under the provisions of which protections is afforded to marine species included in Appendix 2, shall be relieved of the obligations imposed on it under the provisions of the present Convention with respect to trade in specimens of species included in Appendix 2 that are taken by ships registered in that State and in accordance with the provisions of such other treaty, convention or international agreement in question.

      5.         Notwithstanding the provisions of Articles 3, 4 and 5, any export of a specimen taken in accordance with paragraph 4 of this Article shall only require a certificate from a Management Authority of the State of introduction to the effect that the specimen was taken in accordance with the provisions of the other treaty, convention or international agreement in question.

      6.         Nothing in the present Convention shall prejudice the codification and development of the law of the sea by the United Nations conference on the Law of the Sea convened pursuant to Resolution 2750 C (25) of the General Assembly of the United Nations nor the present or future claims and legal views of any State concerning the law of the sea and the nature and extent of coastal and flag State jurisdiction.

                                                ARTICLE 15

Amendments to Appendices 1 and 2

      1.         The following provisions shall apply in relation to amendments to Appendices 1 and 2 at meetings of the Conference of the Parties:

                  (a)        Any Party may propose an amendment to Appendix 1 or 2 for                                   considerations at the next meeting.  The text of the proposed                                                        amendment shall be communicated to the Secretariat at least 150                                               days before the meeting.  The Secretariat shall consult the other                                      Parties and interested bodies on the amendment in accordance with                                 the provisions of subparagraphs (b) and (c) of paragraph 2 of this                                          Article and shall communicate the response to all Parties not later                                                than 30 days before the meeting.

                  (b)        Amendments shall be adopted by a two-thirds majority of Parties                                           present and voting.  For these purposes “Parties present and                                                         voting” means Parties present and casting an affirmative or                                                    negative vote. Parties abstaining from voting shall not be counted                                          among the two-thirds required for adopting an amendment.

                  (c)        Amendments adopted at a meeting shall enter into force 90 days                                      after that meeting for all Parties except those which make a                                                       reservation in accordance with paragraph 3 of this Article.

 

      2.         The following provisions shall apply in relation to amendments to Appendices 1 and 2 between meetings of the Conference of the Parties:

                  (a)        Any Party may propose an amendment to Appendix 1 or 2 for                                   consideration between meetings by the postal procedures set forth                                               in this paragraph.

                  (b)        For marine species, the Secretariat shall, upon receiving the                                                          text of the proposed amendment, immediately communicate                                                         it to the Parties.  It shall also consult inter-governmental                                                           bodies having a function in relation to those species                                                             especially with a view to obtaining scientific data these                                                    bodies may be able to provide and to ensuring co-ordination                                                        with any conservation measure enforced by such bodies.                                                   The Secretariat shall communicate the views expressed and                                              data provided by these bodies and its own findings and                                                    recommendations to the Parties as soon as possible.

                  (c)        For species other than marine species, the Secretariat shall,                                                     upon receiving the text of the proposed amendment,                                                                    immediately communicate it to the Parties, and, as soon as                                                             possible thereafter, its own recommendations.

                  (d)        Any Party may, within 60 days of the date on which the                                                   Secretariat communicated its recommendations to the                                                      Parties under subparagraphs (b) or (c) of this paragraph,                                                 transmit to the Secretariat any comments on the proposed                                                 amendment together with any relevant scientific data and                                                       information.

                  (e)        The Secretariat shall communicate the replies received                                                     together with its own recommendations to the Parties as                                                           soon as possible.

                  (f)        If no objection to the proposed amendment is received by                                                            the Secretariat within 30 days of the date the replies and                                                  recommendations were communicated under the provisions                                                    of subparagraph (e) of this paragraph, the amendment shall                                              enter into force 90 days later for all Parties except those                                                   which make a reservation in accordance with paragraph 3                                                            of this Article.

                  (g)        If an objection by any Party is received by the Secretariat,                                                            the proposed amendment shall be submitted to a postal vote                                                        in accordance with the provisions of subparagraph (h), (i)                                                      and (j) of this paragraph.


                  (h)        The Secretariat shall notify the Parties that notification of                                                       objection has been received.

                  (i)         Unless the Secretariat receives the votes for, against or in                                                       bstention from at least one-half of the Parties within 60                                                    days of the date of notification under subparagraph (h) of                                                            this paragraph the proposed amendment shall be referred                                               to the next meeting of the Conference for further                                                             consideration.

                  (j)         Provided that votes are received from one-half of the                                                       Parties, the amendment shall be adopted by a two-thirds                                                   majority of Parties casting an affirmative or negative vote.

                  (k)        The Secretariat shall notify all Parties of the result of the                                                  vote.

                  (l)         If the proposed amendment is adopted it shall enter into                                                   force 90 days after the date of the notification by the                                                               Secretariat of its acceptance for all Parties except those                                                     which make a reservation in accordance with paragraph 3                                                of this Article.

      3.         During the period of 90 days provided for by subparagraph (c) of paragraph 1 or subparagraph (l) of paragraph 2 of this Article any Party may by notification in writing to the Depositary Government make a reservation with respect to the amendment.  Until such reservation is withdrawn the Party shall be treated as a State not a party to the present Convention with respect to trade in the species concerned.

 

ARTICLE 16

Appendix 3 and amendments thereto

      1.         Any party may at any time submit to the Secretariat a list of species which it identifies as being subject to regulation within its jurisdiction for the purpose mentioned in paragraph 3 of Article 2. Appendix 3 shall include the names of the Parties submitting the species for inclusion therein, the scientific names of the species so submitted, and any parts or derivatives of the animals or plants concerned that are specified in relation to the species for the purposes of subparagraph (b) of Article 1.

      2.         Each list submitted under the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article shall be communicated to the Parties by the Secretariat as soon as possible after receiving it.  The list shall take effect as part of Appendix 3 90 days after the date of such communication.  At any time after the communication of such list, any Party may by notification in writing to the Depositary Government enter a reservation with respect to any species or any parts or derivatives, and until such reservation is withdrawn, the State shall be treated as a State not a Party to the present Convention with respect to trade in the species or part or derivative concerned.

      3.         A Party which has submitted a species for inclusion in Appendix 3 may withdraw it at any time by notification to the Secretariat which shall communicate the withdrawal to all Parties.  The withdrawal shall take effect 30 days after the date of such communication.

      4.         Any Party submitting a list under the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article shall submit to the Secretariat a copy of all domestic laws and regulations applicable to the protection of such species, together with any interpretations which the Party may deem appropriate or the Secretariat may request.  The Party shall, for as long as the species in question is included in Appendix 3, submit any amendments of such laws and regulations or any new interpretations as they are adopted.

ARTICLE 17

Amendment of the Convention

      1.         An extraordinary meeting of the Conference of the Parties shall be convened by the Secretariat on the written request of at least one-third of the Parties to consider and adopt amendments to the present Convention.  Such amendments shall be adopted by a two-thirds majority of Parties present and voting.  For these purposes “Parties present and voting” means Parties present and casting an affirmative or negative vote.  Parties abstaining from voting shall not be counted among the two-thirds required for adopting an amendment.

      2.         The text of any proposed amendment shall be communicated by the Secretariat to all Parties at least 90 days before the meeting.

      3. An amendment shall enter into force for the Parties which have accepted it 60 days after two-thirds of the Parties have deposited an instrument of acceptance of the amendment with the Depositary Government.  Thereafter, the amendment shall enter into force for any other Party 60 days after that Party deposits its instrument of acceptance of the amendment.

 

ARTICLE 18

Resolution of Disputes

      1.         Any dispute which may arise between two or more Parties with respect to the interpretation or application of the provisions of the present Convention shall be subject to negotiation between the Parties involved in the dispute.

      2.         If the dispute cannot be resolved in accordance with paragraph 1 of this Article, the Parties may, by mutual consent, submit the dispute to arbitration, in particular that of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague and the Parties submitting the dispute shall be bound by the arbitral decision.

 

ARTICLE 19

Signature

      The present Convention shall be open for signature at Washington until 30th April 1973 and thereafter at Berne until 31st December 1974.

 

ARTICLE 20

Ratification, Acceptance, Approval

      The present Convention shall be subject to ratification, acceptance or approval.  Instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval shall be deposited with the Government of the Swiss Confederation which shall be the Depositary Government.

 

ARTICLE 21

Accession

      The present Convention shall be open indefinitely for accession.  Instruments of accession shall be deposited with the Depositary Government.

 

ARTICLE 22

Entry into Force

      1.         The present Convention shall enter into force 90 days after the date of deposit of the tenth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, with the Depositary Government.

      2.         For each State which ratifies, accepts or approves the present Convention or accedes thereto after the deposit of the tenth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, the present Convention shall enter into force 90 days after the deposit by such State of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.

 

ARTICLE 23

Reservations

      1.         The provisions of the present Convention shall not be subject to general reservations.  Specific reservations may be entered in accordance with the provisions of this Article and Articles 15 and 16.

      2.         Any State may, on depositing its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, enter a specific reservation with regard to:

                  (a)        any species included in Appendix 1, 2 or 3; or

                  (b)        any parts or derivatives specified in relation to a species                                       included in Appendix 3.

      3.         Until a Party withdraws its reservation entered under the provisions of this Article, it shall be treated as a State not a party to the present Convention with respect to trade in the particular species or parts or derivatives specified in such reservation.

 

ARTICLE 24

Denunciation

Any Party may denounce the present Convention by written notification to the Depositary Government at any time.  The denunciation shall take effect twelve months after the Depositary Government has received the notification.

 

ARTICLE 25

Depositary

      1.         The original of the present Convention, in the Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish languages, each version being equally authentic, shall be deposited with the Depositary Government, which shall transmit certified copies thereof to all States that have signed it or deposited instruments of accession to it.

      2.         The Depositary Government shall inform all signatory and acceding States and the Secretariat of signatures, deposit of instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, entry into force of the present Convention, amendments thereto, entry and withdrawal of reservations and notifications of denunciation.

      3.         As soon as the present Convention enters into force, a certified copy thereof shall be transmitted by the Depositary Government to the Secretariat of the United Nations for registration and publication in accordance with Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations.

      In witness whereof the undersigned Plenipotentiaries, being duly authorised to that effect, have signed the present Convention.

      Done at Washington this third day of March, One Thousand Nine Hundred and Seventy-three.

 


Appendices 1 and 2

Interpretation:

      1.         Species included in these appendices are referred to:

                  (a)        by the name of the species; or

                  (b)        as being all of the species included in a higher taxon or designated                                   part thereof.

      2.         The abbreviation “spp.” is used to denote all species of a higher taxon.

      3.         Other references to taxa higher than species are for the purposes of information or classification only.

      4.         The abbreviation “p.e.” is used to denote species which are possibly extinct.

      5.         An asterisk (*) placed against the name of a species or higher taxon indicates that one or more geographically separate populations, subspecies or species of that species or taxon are included in Appendix 1 and that these populations, subspecies or species are excluded from Appendix 2.

      6.         Two asterisks (**) placed against the name of a species or higher taxon indicate that one or more geographically separate populations, subspecies or species of that species or taxon are included in Appendix 2 and that these populations, subspecies or species are excluded from Appendix 1.

      7.         The symbol (+) followed by a number placed against the name of a species or higher taxon denotes that only designated geographically separate populations, subspecies or species of that species or taxon are included in the appendix concerned, as follows¾

      +201    Population of South America

      +202    (A)       North Pacific stock

                  (B)       Stock in area from 0 degree longitude to 70 degrees east                                       longitude, from the equator to the Antarctic Continent

      +203    Populations of Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan

      +204    Italian population

      +205    All North American subspecies

      +206    Asian population

      +207    Indian population

      +208    Australian population

      +209    Himalayan population

      +210    Population of the United States of America

      +211    All New Zealand species

      +212    Population of Chile

      +213    All species of the family in the Americas

      +214    Australian populations


      8.         The symbol ( ¾ ) followed by a number placed against the name of a species or higher taxon denotes that designated geographically separate populations, subspecies, species, groups of species or families of that species or taxon are excluded from the appendix concerned, as follows:

      ¾101  (A)       Stock in North Atlantic off Iceland

                  (B)       Stock in North Atlantic off Newfoundland

                  (C)       Stock in area from 40 degrees south latitude to Antarctic Continent,                                 from 120 degrees west longitude to 60 degrees west longitude

      ¾102  Populations of Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan

      ¾103  Panthera tigris altaica (=amurensis)

      ¾104  Australian population

      ¾105  Cathartidae

      ¾106  Population of the United States of America

      ¾107  Australian population

      ¾108  Population of Papua New Guinea

      ¾109  Population of Chile

      ¾110  All species which are not succulent.

9.   Any plant, whether alive or dead, as well as any readily recognisable derivative of a plant of a species or higher taxon included in Appendix 2 are covered by the provisions of the Convention, unless the symbol (>) followed by a number is placed against the name of that species or taxon.  In such a case, only the plant, whether alive or dead, and the parts or derivatives designated as follows are concerned:

      >1        designates roots

      >2        designates timber

      >1        designates trunks

 

 

 

_______________________________________________________________________

 


 

NOTES

The Endangered Species Act 1980 as shown in this consolidation comprises Act No. 24 of 1980 and amendments as indicated in the Tables below.

Enactment

Number and year

Date of commencement

Application saving or transitional provision

Endangered Species Act 1980

24, 1980

.9.10.1980

 

 

 

 

 

Statute Law Revision (Penalties and Fees) Act 1984

 9, 1985

13.5.1985

 

 

 

 

Table of Amendments

 

ad =    added or inserted

am = amended

rep = repealed

rs =      repealed and substituted

 

Provisions affected            How affected

 

14

am

  9, 1985

 

 

© Norfolk Island Government 2012

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