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Cheques (Duty) Act 1983 (NI)

  • Other - C2015Q00097
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Act No. 4 of 1984
Other document - Other as made
This is an Act of the previous Norfolk Island Legislative Assembly that was continued in force under s16 and 16A of the Norfolk Island Act 1979.
Administered by: Infrastructure, Transport, Cities and Regional Development
Registered 01 Dec 2015



NORFOLK                            ISLAND





[Consolidated as at 25 November 2013

on the authority of the Administrator

and in accordance with

the Enactments Reprinting Act 1980]







      1.         Short title

      2.         Commencement

      3.         Interpretation




      4.         Duty

      5.         Exemptions

      6.         Use of postage stamps for payment of duty

      7.         Liability to duty

8.                  Payment of duty




         9.      Authority to bankers

       10.      Revocation of authority

       11.      Unauthorised issue of cheque forms

       12.      Conditions of authority

       13.      Cheques on authorised forms

       14.      Returns by authorised bankers

       15.      Recovery of duty

       16.      Recovery by banker

       17.      Refund or remission of duty




       18.      Transitional provisions

       19.      Regulations



NORFOLK                            ISLAND



Cheques (Duty) Act 1983



An Act to impose a duty on certain cheques and cheque forms.



Short title

      1.         This Act may be cited as the Cheques (Duty) Act 1983.


      2.         (1)        This Act shall come into operation on a date fixed by the Administrator by notice published in the Gazette.

                  (2)        The Administrator may specify different commencement dates in respect of different Parts of this Act.


      3.         In this Act ¾

“authorised cheque form” means a cheque form supplied or used by a banker pursuant to an authority granted under Part 3;

“cheque” means a bill of exchange drawn on a banker and payable on demand and includes an instrument of the kind known as a bank cheque but does not include an instrument of the kind known as a bank draft or traveller’s cheque;

“cheque form” means a form that, when completed and signed, would be a cheque;

“stamp” means a postage stamp overprinted or marked as mentioned in section 6.



      4.         (1)        Subject to this Act, a duty of 20 cents is imposed upon each cheque payable at a branch of a banker in Norfolk Island.

                  (2)        In this Part, “duty” means the duty imposed by this section.


5.                  Duty is not imposed upon a cheque drawn ¾

(a)        by the Commonwealth, the Administration or a body established for public purposes under an enactment;

(b)               before the date of commencement of this Act;

(c)                upon an authorised cheque form; or

(d)               by an organisation or body declared by the Minister to be an organisation or body to which this paragraph applies.


Use of postage stamps for payment of duty

      6.         (1)        The Administration may cause postage stamps having a face value of 20 cents each to be overprinted or otherwise marked with the works “Cheque Duty”, or with such other words as the Minister determines, and to be placed on sale at their face value.

                  (2)        A postage stamp so overprinted or marked may not be used for the payment of postage.

Liability to duty

      7.         (1)        Duty upon a cheque is payable by the drawer of the cheque forthwith upon the drawing of the cheque.

                  (2)        The drawer of a cheque shall not fail to pay the duty imposed by this Part.

      Penalty: 4 penalty units.

Payment of duty

      8.         (1)        Payment of duty upon a cheque shall be denoted by affixing a stamp to the cheque.

                  (2)        Where a stamp is affixed to a cheque pursuant to this section, the person affixing the stamp shall, immediately after affixing it, cancel the stamp by writing in ink on or across the stamp ¾

(a)                his name or initials;

(b)               the name or initials of the drawer of the cheque, being a firm or company; or

(c)                the date on which the stamp was affixed.

      Penalty: 1 penalty unit.

(3)               Where ¾

(a)                a cheque is liable to duty; and

(b)               a stamp is not affixed to the cheque pursuant to subsection (2); and

(c)                the cheque comes into the hands of a holder in Norfolk Island,

the holder shall forthwith affix a stamp to the cheque and cancel the stamp in accordance with subsection (2).

      Penalty: 1 penalty unit.

(4)               Where ¾

                  (a)        a cheque is liable to duty; and

                  (b)        there is affixed to the cheque a stamp that has not been cancelled in accordance with subsection (2); and

(d)               the cheque comes into the hands of a holder in Norfolk Island,

the holder shall forthwith cancel the stamp in accordance with subsection (2).

      Penalty: 1 penalty unit.

                  (5)        In this section, “holder”, in relation to a cheque, means the payee or an endorsee in possession of the cheque or, in the case of a cheque that is payable to bearer, the person in possession of the cheque.



Authority to bankers

      9.         (1)        A banker carrying on business in Norfolk Island may apply to the Minister in writing for an authority under this section.

                  (2)        Upon application under subsection (1), the Minister may, by instrument under his hand, authorise the banker to use and to supply to customers of the banker cheque forms bearing writing or the impression of a stamp in accordance with a style set out in the instrument.

                  (3)        An authority shall not be granted under subsection (2) unless the banker has given to the Administration an undertaking in writing, in accordance with a form approved by the Minister, to pay to the Administration the sum of 20 cents in respect of each cheque form used by that banker or supplied by that banker to a customer.

                  (4)        In this Part ¾

      “authorised banker” means a banker in respect of whom an authority under this section is in force; and

      “duty” means amounts payable under an undertaking given as mentioned in subsection (3).

Revocation of authority

      10.       (1)        Where an authorised banker fails to comply with a provision of this Act applicable to him or fails to pay any sum payable by him under an undertaking given by him as mentioned in subsection 9(3), the Minister may by instrument served on the banker, revoke an authority given to the banker under section 9.

                  (2)        The banker may, within 21 days after service of the notice of revocation, appeal to the Supreme Court against the revocation on the ground that the failure to comply was not such as to warrant the revocation the authority.

                  (3)        The Minister shall be made the respondent to an appeal under subsection (2).

                  (4)        On the hearing of the appeal the Supreme Court may confirm or set aside the revocation of the authority and may make such order (if any) as it thinks fit with respect to costs.

                  (5)        The Minister may, at any time, revoke an authority upon the application, or with the consent of, the banker.

                  (6)        The revocation of an authority does not affect any liability of the banker in respect of the authority or under an undertaking given by him as mentioned in subsection 9(3).

Unauthorised issue of cheque forms

      11.       A banker shall not supply or use a cheque form bearing writing or the impression of a stamp reasonably capable of being taken to be writing or the impression of a stamp in accordance with a style approved under subsection 9(2), except in pursuance of an authority granted to him under that subsection

      Penalty: 50 penalty units.

Conditions of authority

12.              An authorised banker shall ¾

(a)        maintain adequate control over the printing, stamping, supply and use of all cheque forms of the banker; and

                  (b)        keep proper records in relation to those cheque forms.

Cheques on authorised forms

      13.       A person shall not draw a cheque on paper that bears writing or the impression of a stamp reasonably capable of being taken to have been written or impressed in accordance with a style approved under subsection 9(2) knowing it to be paper that is not an authorised cheque form.

      Penalty: 4 penalty units.

Returns by authorised bankers

      14.       (1)        An authorised banker shall, not later than the 28th day of each month ¾

                  (a)        furnish to the Minister a return of all authorised cheque forms supplied or used by the banker during the preceding month; and

                  (b)        pay to the Administration an amount calculated in accordance with subsection (3).

                  (2)        A return under this section shall be made in such form as the Minister directs and shall contain such particulars as the Minister requires.

                  (3)        The amount payable under subsection (1) shall be calculated by deducting from the duty payable in respect of the cheque forms any refund or remission of duty under section 17 in respect of unused or unusable cheque forms.

Recovery of duty

      15.       Duty is a debt due from the banker to the Administration and may be recovered by the Administration in any court of competent jurisdiction.

Recovery by banker

      16.       A banker who has paid or is liable to pay an amount as duty in respect of a cheque form supplied by him to a customer may recover that amount from the customer.

Refund or remission of duty

      17.       Where the Minister is satisfied that a customer of a banker to whom the banker has supplied an authorised cheque form has returned the cheque form in an unused or unusable condition, the Administration shall ¾

                  (a)        if the banker has paid duty in respect of the cheque form – refund the amount of duty so paid; and

                  (b)        if duty has not been so paid – remit the amount of duty payable in respect of the cheque form.


Transitional provisions

      18.       (1)        The Minister may include in an instrument under subsection 9(2) an authority to the banker to stamp on, or apply to, the cover of books of cheque forms a marking in accordance with a style approved by the Minister and specified in the instrument.

                  (2)        Where an authority is so given, the cheque forms contained in a book so marked and supplied to a customer not later than 6 months after the date of commencement of this Act shall be deemed to be authorised cheque forms.


      19.       The Administrator may make Regulations, not inconsistent with this Act, prescribing all matters necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to this Act.




The Cheques (Duty) Act 1983 as shown in this consolidation comprises Act No. 4 of 1984 and amendments as indicated in the Tables below.


Number and year

Date of commencement

Application saving or transitional provision

Cheques (Duty) Act 1983

4, 1984

Parts 1, 3 & 4 comm 16.4.1984;

Part 2 comm 1.5.1984








Statute Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1995

13, 1995









[previously consolidated as at 10 January 2006]







Interpretation (Amendment) Act 2012

[to substitute throughout —Commonwealth Minister for Minister; and to substitute Minister for executive member]

14, 2012







Table of Amendments


ad =    added or inserted

am = amended

rep = repealed

rs =      repealed and substituted

Provisions affected

     How affected



14, 2012



14, 2012



14, 2012



13, 1995;  14, 2012



14, 2012



14, 2012





© Norfolk Island Government 2013

The Copyright Act 1968 of the Commonwealth of Australia permits certain reproduction and publication of this legislation. For reproduction or publication beyond that permitted by the Act, written permission must be sought from the Legislative Counsel, Administration of Norfolk Island, Norfolk Island, South Pacific 2899.