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Air Services Act 1995

Authoritative Version
  • - C2015C00397
  • In force - Superseded Version
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Act No. 81 of 1995 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Norfolk Island Legislation Amendment Act 2015
An Act to establish a body called Airservices Australia, with functions relating to aviation, and for related purposes
Administered by: Infrastructure and Regional Development
Registered 12 Aug 2015
Start Date 01 Jul 2015
End Date 31 Aug 2015

Air Services Act 1995

No. 81, 1995

Compilation No. 29

Compilation date:                              1 July 2015

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 59, 2015

Registered:                                         12 August 2015

 

 

 

 

This compilation includes commenced amendments made by Act No. 41, 2015. Amendments made by Act No. 59, 2015 have not commenced but are noted in the endnotes.

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Air Services Act 1995 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 1 July 2015 (the compilation date).

This compilation was prepared on 13 July 2015.

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on ComLaw (www.comlaw.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on ComLaw for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on ComLaw for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                             1

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 1

3............ Interpretation....................................................................................... 1

4............ Act binds the Crown........................................................................... 5

5............ Extension to external Territories.......................................................... 5

6............ Extra‑territorial application.................................................................. 5

6A......... Application of the Criminal Code....................................................... 6

Part 2Establishment, functions and powers of Airservices Australia (AA)      7

Division 1—Establishment of AA                                                                           7

7............ Establishment of AA........................................................................... 7

Division 2—AA’s functions and powers                                                             8

8............ AA’s functions................................................................................... 8

9............ Manner in which AA must perform its functions............................. 10

10.......... AA must consult and cooperate........................................................ 10

11.......... AA’s general powers........................................................................ 10

12.......... Delegation of AA’s powers by Chief Executive Officer................... 11

Division 3—Miscellaneous                                                                                       12

13.......... Matters to be considered in preparation of corporate plan................. 12

14.......... Minister may direct variation of corporate plan................................. 12

15.......... Tabling of corporate plan.................................................................. 13

16.......... Ministerial directions to AA.............................................................. 13

17.......... Minister may give notices to AA about its strategic direction etc...... 14

18.......... Supply of information to Minister’s nominee................................... 14

19.......... Immunity of AA from State and Territory land use laws.................. 15

Part 3—Board of AA                                                                                                         17

Division 1—Establishment and functions                                                         17

20.......... Establishment.................................................................................... 17

21.......... Functions.......................................................................................... 17

22.......... Membership...................................................................................... 17

23.......... Delegation by Board......................................................................... 18

Division 2—Meetings etc.                                                                                         19

24.......... Meetings........................................................................................... 19

25.......... Procedure at meetings....................................................................... 19

26.......... Board resolutions without meetings.................................................. 20

Division 3—Administrative provisions                                                              21

27.......... Period of appointment of appointed members................................... 21

28.......... Remuneration and allowances of appointed members....................... 21

29.......... Outside employment......................................................................... 21

30.......... Leave of absence............................................................................... 21

31.......... Resignation of appointed members................................................... 22

32.......... Termination of appointment of appointed members.......................... 22

33.......... Acting appointments......................................................................... 23

Part 4—Chief Executive Officer, employees and consultants                  25

Division 1—Chief Executive Officer                                                                  25

34.......... Appointment..................................................................................... 25

35.......... Duties................................................................................................ 25

36.......... Remuneration and allowances........................................................... 25

37.......... Outside employment......................................................................... 25

38.......... Leave of absence............................................................................... 26

39.......... Resignation....................................................................................... 26

40.......... Termination of appointment.............................................................. 26

41.......... Acting Chief Executive Officer......................................................... 26

Division 2—Employees and consultants                                                           28

42.......... Employees......................................................................................... 28

43.......... Consultants....................................................................................... 28

Part 5—Finance                                                                                                                    29

Division 1—General                                                                                                    29

44.......... AA’s capital...................................................................................... 29

45.......... Revaluation of assets......................................................................... 29

46.......... Payments of dividends by AA to the Commonwealth...................... 30

47.......... Interim dividends.............................................................................. 31

48.......... Borrowing by AA from the Commonwealth.................................... 32

49.......... AA may give security over its assets................................................ 32

50.......... Hedging through currency contracts etc............................................ 33

51.......... Extra matters to be included in annual report..................................... 34

Division 2Taxation matters                                                                                35

52.......... Liability to taxes etc........................................................................... 35

Division 3—Services charges for AA services and facilities                 36

53.......... Board can set charges for services and facilities................................ 36

54.......... Minister’s role in setting service charges and late payment penalties 36

55.......... Procedure if Part VIIA of the Competition and Consumer Act applies 37

56.......... Penalty for late payment of service charge........................................ 38

57.......... Recovery of service charge and late payment penalty........................ 38

58.......... Remission of service charge and late payment penalty...................... 38

Division 4—Statutory lien for unpaid service charges etc.                    40

Subdivision A—Imposition of statutory lien                                                     40

59.......... Imposition of statutory lien............................................................... 40

60.......... Effect of statutory lien....................................................................... 40

61.......... Limitations on scope of statutory lien................................................ 41

62.......... Cessation of statutory lien................................................................. 42

63.......... Notice relating to statutory lien.......................................................... 42

64.......... Register of statutory liens.................................................................. 43

Subdivision B—Seizure and sale of aircraft                                                     43

65.......... Seizure of aircraft.............................................................................. 43

66.......... AA must insure seized aircraft.......................................................... 44

67.......... Sale of aircraft................................................................................... 44

68.......... Application of proceeds of sale......................................................... 44

69.......... Order of application of payments of outstanding amounts................ 45

Subdivision C—Interference with aircraft under statutory lien                  45

70.......... Removal from Australian territory of aircraft under statutory lien..... 45

71.......... Dismantling etc. aircraft under statutory lien..................................... 45

Subdivision D—Miscellaneous                                                                              46

72.......... Protection of AA etc. from legal actions........................................... 46

73.......... Review of decisions.......................................................................... 46

Part 6—Miscellaneous                                                                                                       48

74.......... Tabling of directions or notices of the Minister................................. 48

75.......... Lands Acquisition Act...................................................................... 48

76.......... Conduct by directors, servants and agents........................................ 48

77.......... Power to make regulations................................................................ 50

Endnotes                                                                                                                                    52

Endnote 1—About the endnotes                                                                            52

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key                                                                                53

Endnote 3—Legislation history                                                                             54

Endnote 4—Amendment history                                                                           58


An Act to establish a body called Airservices Australia, with functions relating to aviation, and for related purposes

Part 1Preliminary

  

1  Short title

                   This Act may be cited as the Air Services Act 1995.

2  Commencement

             (1)  Subject to this section, this Act commences on:

                     (a)  a day to be fixed by Proclamation; or

                     (b)  the first day after the end of the period of 6 months beginning on the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent;

whichever is earlier.

             (2)  If the Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act 1997 has not commenced before the day that applies under subsection (1) of this section, and does not commence on that day, then sections 13 and 14, subsection 16(6), the notes after subsections 17(3) and (4), paragraphs 32(2)(d) and (5)(b) and section 51 of this Act commence on the same day as that Act.

3  Interpretation

             (1)  In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:

AA means the body called Airservices Australia that is established by this Act.

aircraft means any machine or craft that can derive support in the atmosphere from the reactions of the air and, in Division 4 of Part 5, includes an object that was designed or adapted for use as an aircraft but is incapable of being so used because:

                     (a)  a part has, or parts have, been removed from it; or

                     (b)  it is in a wrecked or damaged condition.

appointed member means a member of the Board who is appointed by the Minister under subsection 22(2).

Australian‑administered airspace means:

                     (a)  the airspace over Australian territory; and

                     (b)  airspace that has been allocated to Australia by ICAO under the Chicago Convention and for which Australia has accepted responsibility; and

                     (c)  airspace administered by Australia at the request of another country.

Australian aircraft means an aircraft registered in Australia.

Australian territory means:

                     (a)  the territory of Australia and of every external Territory; and

                     (b)  the territorial sea of Australia and of every external Territory; and

                     (c)  the air space over any such territory or sea.

authorised employee means an employee authorised by AA in writing to act under the provision in which the expression occurs.

authority of the Commonwealth includes the following:

                     (a)  the Defence Force;

                     (c)  the Australian Federal Police;

                     (d)  a body, whether incorporated or not, established for a public purpose by or under a law of the Commonwealth or of a Territory;

                     (e)  the holder of an office established for a public purpose by or under a law of the Commonwealth or of a Territory;

                      (f)  a company in which the Commonwealth owns shares that carry more than half the voting power;

but does not include Qantas Airways Limited.

Board means the Board of AA.

CASA means the Civil Aviation Safety Authority established by the Civil Aviation Act 1988.

Chairperson means the Chairperson of the Board.

Chicago Convention means:

                     (a)  the Convention on International Civil Aviation done at Chicago on 7 December 1944, whose English text is set out in Schedule 1 to the Air Navigation Act 1920; and

                     (b)  the Protocols amending that Convention, being the Protocols referred to in subsection 3A(2) of that Act, whose English texts are set out in Schedules to that Act; and

                     (c)  the Annexes to that Convention relating to international standards and recommended practices, being Annexes adopted in accordance with that Convention.

Commonwealth jurisdiction aircraft means any aircraft that:

                     (a)  is being operated:

                              (i)  in the course of trade and commerce with other countries or among the States; or

                             (ii)  in the course of, or for the purposes of, the provision of services by a trading corporation (within the meaning of paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution); or

                            (iii)  by a foreign corporation (within the meaning of that paragraph of the Constitution); or

                            (iv)  in a Territory, between Territories or between a Territory and a State; or

                             (v)  in journeys to or from places that have been acquired by the Commonwealth for public purposes; or

                     (b)  is in the possession or under the control of the Commonwealth or an authority of the Commonwealth; or

                     (c)  is being used wholly or principally for a purpose of the Commonwealth.

dealing, in relation to securities, includes the following:

                     (a)  creating, executing, entering into, drawing, making, accepting, endorsing, issuing, discounting, selling, purchasing or re‑selling securities;

                     (b)  creating, selling, purchasing or re‑selling rights or options in respect of securities;

                     (c)  entering into agreements or other arrangements relating to securities.

Deputy Chairperson means the Deputy Chairperson of the Board.

employee means a person employed under section 42.

Finance Minister means the Minister administering the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013.

ICAO means the International Civil Aviation Organization referred to in the Chicago Convention.

late payment penalty means a penalty payable under section 56.

member means a member of the Board (including the Chairperson, the Deputy Chairperson and the Chief Executive Officer).

money raising means raising money by borrowing or by any other means, whether in Australian currency, foreign currency or a mixture of both.

outstanding amount, in relation to an aircraft, means either of the following amounts that has become payable, but has not been paid or been remitted under section 58:

                     (a)  a service charge payable in respect of the aircraft;

                     (b)  late payment penalty on any service charge in respect of the aircraft.

payable means due and payable.

provide includes maintain, operate and use.

Register means the Register maintained under section 64.

Registrar means the person who maintains the Register.

securities includes stocks, debentures, debenture stocks, notes, bonds, promissory notes, bills of exchange and similar instruments or documents.

service charge means a charge under section 53 for services or facilities provided by AA.

share means share in the share capital of a corporation, and includes stock.

statutory lien means a lien vested in AA under section 59.

subsidiary has the meaning given by subsection (3).

             (2)  A reference in this Act to services and facilities provided by AA is a reference to services and facilities provided as described in subsection 11(3).

             (3)  The question whether a company is a subsidiary of AA is to be determined in the same way as the question whether a corporation is a subsidiary of another corporation is determined for the purposes of the Corporations Act 2001.

4  Act binds the Crown

                   This Act binds the Crown in right of the Commonwealth, of each of the States, of the Australian Capital Territory, of the Northern Territory and of Norfolk Island.

5  Extension to external Territories

                   This Act extends to all the external Territories.

6  Extra‑territorial application

                   This Act extends to acts, omissions, matters and things outside Australia (except where a contrary intention appears).

6A  Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 (other than Part 2.5) of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

Part 2Establishment, functions and powers of Airservices Australia (AA)

Division 1Establishment of AA

7  Establishment of AA

             (1)  A body called Airservices Australia is established by this subsection.

             (2)  AA:

                     (a)  is a body corporate; and

                     (b)  must have a seal; and

                     (c)  may sue and be sued in its corporate name.

Note:          The Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013 applies to AA. That Act deals with matters relating to corporate Commonwealth entities, including reporting and the use and management of public resources.

             (3)  All courts, judges and persons acting judicially must take judicial notice of the imprint of AA’s seal on a document and must presume that the document was duly sealed.

Division 2AA’s functions and powers

8  AA’s functions

             (1)  AA has the following functions:

                     (a)  providing services and facilities:

                              (i)  for the purpose of Australia or another country giving effect to the Chicago Convention; or

                             (ii)  for the purpose of Australia or another country giving effect to another international agreement relating to the safety, regularity or efficiency of air navigation; or

                            (iii)  otherwise for purposes relating to the safety, regularity or efficiency of air navigation, whether in or outside Australia;

                     (b)  promoting and fostering civil aviation, whether in or outside Australia;

                     (c)  cooperating with the Australian Transport Safety Bureau in relation to investigations under the Transport Safety Investigation Act 2003 that relate to aircraft;

                     (d)  carrying out activities to protect the environment from the effects of, and the effects associated with, the operation of:

                              (i)  Commonwealth jurisdiction aircraft, whether in or outside Australia; or

                             (ii)  other aircraft outside Australia;

                     (e)  any functions prescribed by regulations in relation to the effects of, and effects associated with, the operation of:

                              (i)  Commonwealth jurisdiction aircraft, whether in or outside Australia; or

                             (ii)  other aircraft outside Australia;

                      (f)  any functions conferred on AA under the Air Navigation Act 1920 or the Aviation Transport Security Act 2004;

                     (g)  any other functions prescribed by the regulations, being functions relating to any of the matters referred to in this subsection;

                     (h)  providing consultancy services and management services relating to any of the matters referred to in this subsection;

                      (i)  any functions incidental to any of the above functions;

                      (j)  providing services and facilities, whether or not related to aviation, for a purpose other than one that is mentioned or implied in any of paragraphs (a) to (i), if doing so:

                              (i)  is within the executive or legislative powers of the Commonwealth; and

                             (ii)  utilises AA’s spare capacity; and

                            (iii)  maintains or improves the technical skills of AA’s employees; and

                            (iv)  does not impede AA’s capacity to perform its other functions.

          (1A)  In paragraphs (1)(a) and (j):

facilities includes equipment.

provide, in relation to facilities, includes build, maintain, operate, license, buy, sell or lease the facilities.

services includes:

                     (a)  air traffic services; and

                     (b)  an aeronautical information service; and

                     (c)  an aeronautical radio navigation service; and

                     (d)  an aeronautical telecommunications service; and

                     (e)  rescue and fire fighting services.

             (2)  AA may provide its services and facilities both within and outside Australian territory.

             (3)  Subject to subsection (5), subsection 9(1) and section 16, the extent to which AA provides services and facilities is subject to AA’s discretion.

             (4)  Any service or facility that AA has power to provide may be provided by AA under a contract.

             (5)  Subject to section 16, in performing its function under paragraph (1)(a), AA must give priority to providing services and facilities in relation to air navigation within Australian‑administered airspace.

9  Manner in which AA must perform its functions

             (1)  In exercising its powers and performing its functions, AA must regard the safety of air navigation as the most important consideration.

             (2)  Subject to subsection (1), AA must exercise its powers and perform its functions in a manner that ensures that, as far as is practicable, the environment is protected from:

                     (a)  the effects of the operation and use of aircraft; and

                     (b)  the effects associated with the operation and use of aircraft.

             (3)  AA must perform its functions in a manner that is consistent with Australia’s obligations under:

                     (a)  the Chicago Convention; and

                     (b)  any other agreement between Australia and any other country or countries relating to the safety of air navigation.

10  AA must consult and cooperate

                   In the performance of its functions and the exercise of its powers, AA must, where appropriate, consult with government, commercial, industrial, consumer and other relevant bodies and organisations (including ICAO and bodies representing the aviation industry).

11  AA’s general powers

             (1)  In addition to any other powers conferred on it by this Act, AA has, subject to this Act, power to do all things necessary or convenient to be done for or in connection with the performance of its functions.

             (2)  Without limiting subsection (1), AA has the power to do any of the following:

                     (a)  enter into contracts;

                     (b)  acquire, hold and dispose of real and personal property;

                     (c)  form, or participate in the formation of, companies;

                     (d)  enter into partnerships;

                     (e)  let on hire its plant, machinery, equipment or goods not immediately required by it;

                      (f)  raise money, by borrowing or otherwise;

                     (g)  anything incidental to any of its powers.

             (3)  Where AA may provide a facility or service, it may do so:

                     (a)  itself; or

                     (b)  in cooperation with another person (including the Commonwealth); or

                     (c)  by arranging for another person (including the Commonwealth) to do so on its behalf.

             (4)  AA may appoint one or more bodies to advise it about the performance of its functions.

12  Delegation of AA’s powers by Chief Executive Officer

             (1)  The Chief Executive Officer may, in writing, delegate any of AA’s powers under this Act to a member or to an employee.

             (2)  In exercising powers under the delegation, the delegate must comply with any directions of the Chief Executive Officer.

Division 3Miscellaneous

13  Matters to be considered in preparation of corporate plan

                   When preparing a corporate plan under section 35 of the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013, the members must consider the following matters:

                     (a)  the need for high standards of aviation safety;

                     (b)  the objectives and policies of the Commonwealth Government known to the Board;

                     (c)  any directions given by the Minister under section 16;

                     (d)  any payments made by the Commonwealth to AA to fund its search and rescue services;

                     (e)  the need to maintain a reasonable level of reserves, having regard to estimated future infrastructure requirements;

                      (f)  the need to earn a reasonable rate of return on AA’s assets (other than assets wholly or principally used in the provision of search and rescue services);

                     (g)  the expectation of the Commonwealth that AA will pay a reasonable dividend;

                     (h)  any other commercial considerations the Board thinks appropriate.

14  Minister may direct variation of corporate plan

             (1)  Within 60 days after receiving a corporate plan, the Minister may direct the members to vary the plan in respect of financial targets, and performance indicators, relating to the provision of services and facilities.

             (2)  A direction must be in writing and must set out its reasons.

             (3)  When giving a direction under subsection (1), the Minister must consider the following matters:

                     (a)  the matters referred to in section 13 (other than paragraph (b));

                     (b)  the objectives and policies of the Commonwealth Government;

                     (c)  any other commercial considerations the Minister thinks appropriate.

             (4)  The members must prepare a revised plan and give it to the Minister within 28 days of being given the direction.

15  Tabling of corporate plan

The Minister must cause a copy of the corporate plan to be laid before each House of Parliament:

                     (a)  within 15 sitting days after the Minister received the plan, if the Minister did not direct the members to vary the plan; or

                     (b)  within 15 sitting days after the Minister received a revised plan, if the Minister did direct the members to vary the plan.

16  Ministerial directions to AA

             (1)  The Minister may give written directions to AA relating to the performance of its functions or the exercise of its powers.

             (2)  Particulars of any directions given by the Minister in a period must be included in the annual report prepared by the Board and given to the Minister under section 46 of the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013 for that period.

             (3)  AA must comply with a direction given under subsection (1).

             (4)  If AA satisfies the Minister that AA has suffered financial detriment as a result of complying with a direction given by the Minister under subsection (1), AA is entitled to be reimbursed by the Commonwealth the amount that the Minister determines, in writing, to be the amount of that financial detriment. In this subsection, financial detriment includes:

                     (a)  incurring costs that are greater than would otherwise have been incurred; and

                     (b)  forgoing revenue that would otherwise have been received.

             (5)  Subsection (4) does not apply to a direction of the Minister requiring AA to perform a function mentioned in paragraph 8(1)(d) or (e).

             (6)  This section does not affect the operation of section 22 of the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013 (which deals with the application of government policy to corporate Commonwealth entities) in relation to AA.

17  Minister may give notices to AA about its strategic direction etc.

             (1)  The Minister may notify AA in writing of the Minister’s views on the following matters:

                     (a)  the appropriate strategic direction for AA;

                     (b)  the manner in which AA should perform its functions.

             (2)  In performing its functions, AA must take account of notices given to it under subsection (1).

             (3)  In preparing a corporate plan under section 35 of the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013, the Board must take account of notices given to AA under subsection (1).

             (4)  The annual report prepared by the Board and given to the Minister under section 46 of the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013 for a period must include:

                     (a)  a summary of notices given to AA under subsection (1) of this section in that period; and

                     (b)  a summary of action taken in that period by AA because of notices given to AA under subsection (1) of this section in that period or any other period.

18  Supply of information to Minister’s nominee

             (1)  The Minister may direct AA to give to a specified ministerial nominee any documents or information relating to AA’s operations that the nominee requests.

             (2)  AA must comply with the direction.

             (3)  The annual report prepared by the Board and given to the Minister under section 46 of the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013 for a period must include particulars of any directions given to AA by the Minister under this section in that period.

             (4)  In this section:

ministerial nominee means a person whose responsibilities or duties include advising the Minister about AA’s performance and strategies.

19  Immunity of AA from State and Territory land use laws

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), a land use law does not apply in relation to:

                     (a)  AA; or

                     (b)  the property or transactions of AA; or

                     (c)  any act or thing done by or on behalf of AA.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to any property, transaction, act or thing that is wholly unconnected with the use of land by AA for the purpose of performing any of AA’s functions referred to in paragraph 8(1)(a).

             (3)  Nothing in this section implies that a law (other than a land use law) applies in relation to:

                     (a)  AA; or

                     (b)  the property or transactions of AA; or

                     (c)  any act or thing done by or on behalf of AA.

             (4)  In this section:

land use law  means a law of a State or Territory, to the extent that the law relates to:

                     (a)  the use or proposed use of land or premises; or

                     (b)  the environmental consequences of the use of land or premises.

law  means a written law of a State or Territory, and includes:

                     (a)  subordinate legislation; and

                     (b)  a provision of a law.

Part 3Board of AA

Division 1Establishment and functions

20  Establishment

                   There is to be a Board of AA.

21  Functions

             (1)  The functions of the Board are:

                     (a)  to decide the objectives, strategies and policies to be followed by AA; and

                     (b)  to ensure that AA performs its functions in a proper, efficient and effective manner.

             (2)  Anything that the Board does in AA’s name, or on AA’s behalf, is taken to have been done by AA.

22  Membership

             (1)  The Board consists of:

                     (a)  a Chairperson; and

                     (b)  a Deputy Chairperson; and

                     (c)  the Chief Executive Officer; and

                     (d)  6 other members.

             (2)  The members other than the Chief Executive Officer are to be appointed by the Minister, and hold office on such terms and conditions (in respect of matters not provided by this Act) as are determined by the Minister in writing.

             (3)  The Chairperson may be appointed on a full‑time basis or on a part‑time basis.

             (4)  The other appointed members are to be appointed on a part‑time basis.

             (5)  An employee may be appointed as a member under paragraph (1)(d).

23  Delegation by Board

             (1)  The Board may, by resolution, delegate all or any of its powers to a member or to an employee.

             (2)  The delegate is, in the exercise of a delegated power, subject to the directions of the Board.

             (3)  A delegation under this section:

                     (a)  may be revoked by resolution of the Board (whether or not constituted by the persons who constituted the Board when the power was delegated); and

                     (b)  continues in force in spite of a change in the membership of the Board.

             (4)  A certificate signed by the Chairperson stating any matter in relation to a delegation under this section is prima facie evidence of the matter.

             (5)  A document that appears to be a certificate under subsection (4) is taken to be such a certificate and to have been properly given, unless the contrary is established.

Division 2Meetings etc.

24  Meetings

             (1)  The Board must hold such meetings as are necessary for the efficient performance of its functions.

             (2)  The Chairperson:

                     (a)  may convene a meeting at any time; and

                     (b)  must convene a meeting on receipt of a written request signed by at least 2 other members.

             (3)  The Minister may convene a meeting at any time.

             (4)  The Chairperson must preside at all meetings at which he or she is present.

             (5)  If the Chairperson is not present at a meeting:

                     (a)  the Deputy Chairperson must preside; or

                     (b)  if the Deputy Chairperson is not present—the members present must appoint one of their number to preside.

             (6)  At a meeting, a quorum consists of 5 members.

             (7)  Questions arising at a meeting are to be determined by a majority of the votes of the members present and voting.

             (8)  The person presiding at a meeting has a deliberative vote and, if necessary, also has a casting vote.

25  Procedure at meetings

             (1)  Subject to this Division, the Board may regulate proceedings at its meetings as it considers appropriate.

             (2)  Without limiting subsection (1), the Board may invite a person to attend a meeting for the purpose of advising or informing it on any matter.

26  Board resolutions without meetings

                   If the Board so determines, a resolution is taken to have been passed at a meeting of the Board if:

                     (a)  without meeting, a majority of the members indicate agreement with the resolution in accordance with the method determined by the Board; and

                     (b)  that majority would have constituted a quorum at a meeting of the Board.

Division 3Administrative provisions

27  Period of appointment of appointed members

             (1)  Subject to this Part, an appointed member holds office for the period, not longer than 5 years, specified in the instrument of appointment.

             (2)  An appointed member is eligible for re‑appointment.

28  Remuneration and allowances of appointed members

             (1)  An appointed member is to be paid the remuneration that is determined by the Remuneration Tribunal. However, if no determination of that remuneration by the Tribunal is in operation, an appointed member is to be paid the remuneration that is prescribed by the regulations.

             (2)  An appointed member is to be paid the allowances that are prescribed by the regulations.

             (3)  This section has effect subject to the Remuneration Tribunal Act 1973.

29  Outside employment

             (1)  A full‑time Chairperson must not engage in paid employment outside the duties of his or her office except with the approval of the Minister.

             (2)  A part‑time member must not engage in any paid employment that, in the Minister’s opinion, conflicts with the proper performance of the member’s duties.

30  Leave of absence

             (1)  A full‑time Chairperson has such recreation leave entitlements as are determined by the Remuneration Tribunal.

             (2)  The Minister may grant a full‑time Chairperson leave of absence, other than recreation leave, on such terms and conditions as to remuneration or otherwise as the Minister determines in writing.

             (3)  The Minister may grant leave to a part‑time Chairperson to be absent from a meeting or meetings of the Board.

             (4)  The Chairperson may grant leave to another member to be absent from a meeting or meetings of the Board.

31  Resignation of appointed members

                   An appointed member may resign from the Board by giving the Minister a written resignation.

32  Termination of appointment of appointed members

             (1)  The Minister may terminate the appointment of an appointed member for misbehaviour or physical or mental incapacity.

             (2)  The Minister may terminate the appointment of an appointed member if:

                     (a)  the member becomes bankrupt, applies to take the benefit of any law for the relief of bankrupt or insolvent debtors, compounds with creditors or makes an assignment of remuneration for their benefit; or

                     (b)  the member (other than a full‑time Chairperson):

                              (i)  engages in paid employment that the Minister thinks is in conflict with the proper performance of the member’s duties; or

                             (ii)  is absent, except on leave of absence granted under section 30, from 3 consecutive meetings of the Board; or

                     (c)  the Minister thinks that the performance of the member has been unsatisfactory for a significant period of time.

Note:          The appointment of an appointed member may also be terminated under section 30 of the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013 (which deals with terminating the appointment of an accountable authority, or a member of an accountable authority, for contravening general duties of officials).

             (3)  The Minister may terminate the appointment of a full‑time Chairperson if the Chairperson:

                     (a)  engages in paid employment outside the duties of his or her office without the Minister’s approval; or

                     (b)  is absent from duty, except on leave of absence, for 14 consecutive days or for 28 days in any 12 months.

             (4)  If the Minister is of the opinion that the performance of the members or the performance of AA has been unsatisfactory for a significant period of time, the Minister may terminate the appointment of all appointed members or particular appointed members.

             (5)  If the Minister is of the opinion that:

                     (a)  AA has failed to comply with section 18; or

                     (b)  the members have failed to comply with section 19 of the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013;

the Minister may terminate the appointment of all appointed members or particular appointed members.

33  Acting appointments

             (1)  The Minister may appoint the Deputy Chairperson or another member (other than the Chief Executive Officer or an employee) to act as the Chairperson:

                     (a)  during a vacancy in the office of Chairperson, whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office; or

                     (b)  during any period, or during all periods, when the Chairperson is absent from duty or from Australia or is, for any other reason, unable to perform the duties of the office.

Note:          For rules that apply to acting appointments, see section 33A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (2)  If the Chairperson is a part‑time member, a person appointed under paragraph (1)(b) to act as the Chairperson must be appointed on a part‑time basis.

             (3)  The Minister may appoint a member (other than the Chief Executive Officer or an employee) to act as the Deputy Chairperson:

                     (a)  during a vacancy in the office of Deputy Chairperson, whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office; or

                     (b)  during any period, or during all periods, when the Deputy Chairperson is acting as the Chairperson, is absent from Australia or is, for any other reason, unable to perform the duties of the office of Deputy Chairperson.

Note:          For rules that apply to acting appointments, see section 33A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (4)  The Minister may appoint a person to act as a member referred to in paragraph 22(1)(d) (an ordinary member):

                     (a)  during a vacancy in the office of an ordinary member, whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office; or

                     (b)  during any period, or during all periods, when an ordinary member is acting as the Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson, is absent from Australia or is, for any reason, unable to perform the duties of the office.

Note:          For rules that apply to acting appointments, see section 33A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

Part 4Chief Executive Officer, employees and consultants

Division 1Chief Executive Officer

34  Appointment

             (1)  There is to be a Chief Executive Officer of AA, who is to be appointed by the Board in writing.

             (2)  A person appointed as Chief Executive Officer is eligible for re‑appointment.

             (3)  The Chief Executive Officer holds office on such terms and conditions (if any) in respect of matters not provided for by this Act as are determined by the Board in writing.

35  Duties

             (1)  The Chief Executive Officer is, under the Board, to manage AA.

             (2)  Anything that the Chief Executive Officer does in AA’s name, or on AA’s behalf, is taken to have been done by AA.

36  Remuneration and allowances

                   The Chief Executive Officer is to be paid such remuneration and allowances as the Board determines in writing.

37  Outside employment

                   The Chief Executive Officer must not engage in paid employment outside the duties of his or her office except with the Board’s approval.

38  Leave of absence

                   The Board may grant leave of absence to the Chief Executive Officer on such terms and conditions as to remuneration or otherwise as the Board determines in writing.

39  Resignation

                   The Chief Executive Officer may resign by giving the Board a signed notice of resignation.

40  Termination of appointment

             (1)  The Board may at any time terminate the appointment of the Chief Executive Officer.

             (2)  Section 30 of the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013 (which deals with terminating the appointment of an accountable authority, or a member of an accountable authority, for contravening general duties of officials) does not apply in relation to the Chief Executive Officer despite subsection 30(6) of that Act.

41  Acting Chief Executive Officer

             (1)  The Board may appoint a person to act as Chief Executive Officer:

                     (a)  during a vacancy in the office of Chief Executive Officer, whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office; or

                     (b)  during any period, or during all periods, when the Chief Executive Officer is absent from duty or from Australia or is, for any other reason, unable to perform the functions of the office.

Note:          For rules that apply to acting appointments, see section 33A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (2)  A person, other than an employee, who is acting as Chief Executive Officer is to be paid such remuneration and allowances as the Board determines in writing.

             (3)  An employee who is acting as Chief Executive Officer must continue to be paid the remuneration and allowances payable to the employee as an employee but must also be paid such additional remuneration and allowances as the Board determines in writing.

Division 2Employees and consultants

42  Employees

                   AA may employ persons on terms and conditions determined by the Board in writing.

43  Consultants

                   AA may engage such consultants as it thinks necessary.

Part 5Finance

Division 1General

44  AA’s capital

             (1)  The initial capital of AA is the capital of the previous Authority immediately before the commencement of this Act less any amount determined under subsection (2).

             (2)  The Minister and the Finance Minister may make a written determination that an amount representing the net value of assets transferred to CASA under section 9 of the Civil Aviation Legislation Amendment Act 1995 is not to form part of the initial capital of AA.

             (3)  Interest is not payable to the Commonwealth on the capital of AA, but the capital of AA is repayable to the Commonwealth at such times, and in such amounts, as the Minister determines in writing. In making a determination, the Minister must have regard to any advice that the Board has given to the Minister in relation to AA’s financial affairs.

             (4)  In this section:

previous Authority means the Civil Aviation Authority established under the Civil Aviation Act 1988 and in existence immediately before the commencement of this section.

45  Revaluation of assets

                   The Board must ensure that AA’s assets are revalued in accordance with prevailing commercial practice and in the manner (if any) agreed between the Finance Minister and the Minister:

                     (a)  if the assets have not previously been revalued under this section—within 5 years after the commencement of this section; or

                     (b)  in any other case—within 5 years after the last day on which the assets were revalued under this section.

46  Payments of dividends by AA to the Commonwealth

             (1)  Within 4 months after the end of each financial year, the Board must recommend to the Minister in writing that AA:

                     (a)  pay a dividend of a specified amount to the Commonwealth, in relation to AA’s operations in the financial year; or

                     (b)  not pay any dividend to the Commonwealth for the financial year.

             (2)  In making a recommendation, the Board must have regard to the following matters:

                     (a)  the matters specified in section 13;

                     (b)  AA’s financial results for the financial year and previous financial years, and the dividends paid under this section for previous financial years.

             (3)  The Minister must respond in writing to the Board’s recommendation, within 30 days, as follows:

                     (a)  if the Board recommended that a dividend be paid, the Minister must either:

                              (i)  approve the recommendation; or

                             (ii)  direct AA to pay a dividend of a different specified amount; or

                     (b)  if the Board recommended that no dividend be paid, the Minister must either:

                              (i)  approve the recommendation; or

                             (ii)  direct AA to pay a dividend of a specified amount.

             (4)  The Minister must have regard to the following matters when acting under subsection (3):

                     (a)  the matters specified in section 13 (other than paragraph (b));

                     (b)  the objectives and policies of the Commonwealth Government;

                     (c)  AA’s financial results for the financial year and previous financial years, and the dividends paid under this section for previous financial years;

                     (d)  any other commercial considerations the Minister thinks appropriate.

             (5)  If a dividend for a financial year is approved or directed under subsection (3), AA must pay it to the Commonwealth within 8 months after the end of that year.

             (6)  A payment under this section may be made out of either of the following kinds of profits, or out of a mixture of both:

                     (a)  AA’s profits for the financial year to which the payment relates;

                     (b)  AA’s profits for any earlier financial year or years.

47  Interim dividends

             (1)  Before 1 March in each financial year, the Board must recommend to the Minister in writing that AA:

                     (a)  pay an interim dividend of a specified amount to the Commonwealth for the financial year; or

                     (b)  not pay any interim dividend to the Commonwealth for the financial year.

             (2)  In making a recommendation, the Board must have regard to the following matters:

                     (a)  the matters specified in section 13;

                     (b)  AA’s interim financial results and anticipated full‑year financial results.

             (3)  The Minister must respond in writing to the Board’s recommendation, within 45 days, either:

                     (a)  approving the recommendation; or

                     (b)  giving directions to the Board in relation to the payment of an interim dividend.

             (4)  The Minister must have regard to the following matters when acting under subsection (3):

                     (a)  the matters specified in section 13 (other than paragraph (b));

                     (b)  the objectives and policies of the Commonwealth Government;

                     (c)  AA’s interim financial results and anticipated full‑year financial results;

                     (d)  any other commercial considerations the Minister thinks appropriate.

             (5)  If an interim dividend is approved or directed under subsection (3), AA must pay the interim dividend to the Commonwealth by 15 June in the financial year.

             (6)  In this section:

interim dividend, in relation to a financial year, means an amount paid on account of the dividend that may become payable under section 46 for the financial year.

48  Borrowing by AA from the Commonwealth

                   The Finance Minister may, on behalf of the Commonwealth, out of money appropriated by the Parliament for the purpose, lend money to AA on terms and conditions determined in writing by the Finance Minister.

49  AA may give security over its assets

                   AA may give security over the whole or part of its assets for:

                     (a)  the performance by AA of any obligation incurred by AA in connection with money raising by AA; or

                     (b)  the payment to the Commonwealth of amounts equal to amounts paid by the Commonwealth under a guarantee relating to obligations incurred by AA.

50  Hedging through currency contracts etc.

             (1)  Subject to this section, AA may enter into and deal with approved contracts for hedging purposes in relation to the following:

                     (a)  money raising by AA;

                     (b)  investment of money by AA;

                     (c)  acquisition by AA of goods or services;

                     (d)  a transaction in foreign currency.

             (2)  The Minister may give written guidelines to AA for the exercise of AA’s power under subsection (1). AA must comply with the guidelines.

             (3)  Without limiting subsection (2), the guidelines may provide that:

                     (a)  AA is not to enter into or deal with contracts of a particular kind; or

                     (b)  AA is to enter into or deal with contracts of a particular kind only if the contract relates to specified matters.

             (4)  In this section:

approved contract means a contract of any of the following kinds:

                     (a)  a forward exchange rate contract;

                     (b)  a contract with respect to currency futures;

                     (c)  an interest rate contract;

                     (d)  a deferred delivery contract;

                     (e)  a contract with respect to financial futures;

                      (f)  a contract with respect to commodity futures;

                     (g)  a contract relating to:

                              (i)  dealings known as currency swaps; or

                             (ii)  dealings known as interest rate swaps; or

                            (iii)  dealings known as commodity swaps;

                     (h)  a contract relating to 2 or more of the dealings referred to in paragraph (g);

                      (i)  options (including futures options);

                      (j)  a contract of a kind approved in writing by the Minister.

hedging purposes means reducing or eliminating risks of adverse financial consequences to AA, and includes the following:

                     (a)  reducing or eliminating the risk of adverse variations in:

                              (i)  the costs in relation to money raising by AA; or

                             (ii)  the revenue obtainable by AA; or

                            (iii)  the costs in relation to acquiring goods or services by AA;

                     (b)  maintaining the value of:

                              (i)  investments made by AA; or

                             (ii)  property used as security for money raising, or proposed money raising, by AA.

51  Extra matters to be included in annual report

                   The annual report prepared by the Board and given to the Minister under section 46 of the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013 for a period must include an assessment of the adverse effect (if any) that meeting the non‑commercial commitments imposed on AA has had on AA’s profitability during the period.

Division 2Taxation matters

52  Liability to taxes etc.

             (1)  AA is not a public authority for the purposes of section 50‑25 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

             (2)  AA is not liable to pay tax under any law of a State or Territory.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not apply to a law of a State or Territory relating to payroll tax.

Division 3Services charges for AA services and facilities

53  Board can set charges for services and facilities

             (1)  The Board may make a written determination that sets:

                     (a)  charges for services or facilities provided by AA; or

                     (b)  penalties for late payment of service charges.

             (2)  A service charge or late payment penalty may be set either by fixing the amount or by setting a method of calculation.

             (3)  A service charge must be reasonably related to the expenses incurred or to be incurred by AA in relation to the matters to which the charge relates and must not be such as to amount to taxation.

             (4)  A determination that sets a service charge must specify:

                     (a)  the persons who are liable to the charge; and

                     (b)  the due date for payment of the charge.

             (5)  A determination must be made public in such manner as the Board thinks appropriate.

             (6)  This section does not apply to services or facilities that AA provides under contract.

54  Minister’s role in setting service charges and late payment penalties

             (1)  Before making a determination under section 53, the Board must give the Minister written notice of the proposed determination, specifying the following:

                     (a)  if the determination sets a new charge or penalty—the basis for setting the charge or penalty;

                     (b)  if the determination varies a charge or penalty set by earlier determination—the reason for the variation;

                     (c)  the day on and from which the determination is intended to operate.

             (2)  Within 30 days after receiving notice of the proposed determination, the Minister may give the Board a written notice approving or disapproving the proposed determination. In doing so, the Minister must have regard to the AA’s duties and responsibilities under this Act.

             (3)  The Board cannot make a determination under section 53 unless:

                     (a)  the Minister has approved the determination; or

                     (b)  the period within which the Minister may give to the Board a notice under subsection (2) of this section has expired without the Minister having given such a notice.

55  Procedure if Part VIIA of the Competition and Consumer Act applies

             (1)  The Board’s power to set service charges has effect subject to Part VIIA of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

             (2)  If AA receives either of the following notices, AA must give the Minister a copy of the notice:

                     (a)  a notice under subsection 95L(3) of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 about an inquiry into a supply of services that is the subject of a proposed determination of a service charge;

                     (b)  a notice under section 95ZJ of that Act withdrawing such a notice.

             (3)  If AA receives a report under section 95P of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 on an inquiry held under that Act in relation to the supply of services by AA, it must give a copy of the report to the Minister.

             (4)  If AA has received a notice under subsection 95L(3) of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 about an inquiry into the supply of services that is the subject of a proposed determination of a service charge, the period of 30 days referred to in subsection 54(2) does not begin until the Minister receives from AA:

                     (a)  a copy of a notice under paragraph (2)(b) of this section; or

                     (b)  a copy of the report under subsection (3) of this section in relation to the supply of services concerned.

             (5)  If the Minister receives from AA a copy of a report given to AA under section 95P of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 in relation to the supply of services to which a proposed determination relates, the Minister may, in a notice under subsection 54(2), disapprove the proposed determination and substitute a fresh determination.

             (6)  The Minister’s determination has effect as if it had been made by the Board under section 53.

56  Penalty for late payment of service charge

             (1)  If a service charge is not paid by the due date for payment, the person liable for the charge is liable to pay to AA (in addition to the charge) the penalty specified in the relevant determination under section 53, calculated on the unpaid amount of the charge from the due date for payment, and compounded.

             (2)  The penalty specified in a determination under section 53 must not exceed a penalty equivalent to 1.5% of the unpaid amount of the charge for each month or part of a month during which it is unpaid, calculated from the due date for payment, and compounded.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not require the penalty to be calculated on a monthly basis.

57  Recovery of service charge and late payment penalty

                   Any unpaid service charge or late payment penalty may be recovered by AA as a debt in a court of competent jurisdiction.

58  Remission of service charge and late payment penalty

                   The Board, or an employee authorised by the Board, may remit the whole or a part of a service charge or late payment penalty if:

                     (a)  a written application is made by the person who incurred the charge or penalty; and

                     (b)  the Board or the employee is satisfied that the remission is justified by exceptional circumstances or circumstances beyond the control of the person.

Division 4Statutory lien for unpaid service charges etc.

Subdivision AImposition of statutory lien

59  Imposition of statutory lien

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a service charge in respect of an aircraft is not paid in full by the due date for payment; and

                     (b)  any part of the charge, or any part of late payment penalty on the charge, remains unpaid;

an authorised employee may direct the Registrar to make an entry in the Register in the manner prescribed by the regulations.

             (2)  When the entry is made, a statutory lien on the aircraft vests in AA.

             (3)  The lien covers the following:

                     (a)  the service charge or penalty;

                     (b)  any penalty that becomes payable in respect of the service charge after the entry is made;

                     (c)  any further outstanding amounts in respect of the aircraft.

60  Effect of statutory lien

             (1)  The following provisions of this Division have effect in relation to an aircraft while a statutory lien on the aircraft continues in effect.

             (2)  The provisions apply:

                     (a)  in spite of:

                              (i)  any encumbrance in respect of the aircraft; and

                             (ii)  any sale or disposition of, or dealing in, the aircraft or an interest in the aircraft; and

                     (b)  whether or not AA has possession of the aircraft at any time.

             (3)  For the purposes of priorities amongst creditors and the purposes of the distribution of the proceeds of a sale made under section 67, the statutory lien has effect as a security interest in respect of the aircraft ranking in priority:

                     (a)  after any security interest (other than a security interest that has attached to the aircraft as a circulating asset, within the meaning of the Personal Property Securities Act 2009) in respect of the aircraft created before the time of registration of the statutory lien, to the extent that the security interest covers a debt incurred before that time; and

                     (b)  before any security interest that is not covered by paragraph (a), or to the extent that it is not covered by paragraph (a).

Note:          Part 9.5 of the Personal Property Securities Act 2009 deals with security interests that attach to circulating assets. These interests are also described as floating charges.

          (3A)  Subsection 73(2) of the Personal Property Securities Act 2009 applies to a statutory lien.

Note 1:       The effect of this subsection is that the priority between a statutory lien on an aircraft and a security interest in the aircraft to which the Personal Property Securities Act 2009 applies is to be determined in accordance with this Act rather than the Personal Property Securities Act 2009.

Note 2:       Subsection 73(2) of the Personal Property Securities Act 2009 applies to statutory liens that arise after the commencement of subsection (3A) (which is the registration commencement time within the meaning of the Personal Property Securities Act 2009).

             (4)  A statutory lien is not to be taken by implication to have any effect otherwise than as provided by this Act.

61  Limitations on scope of statutory lien

             (1)  A person prescribed by the regulations may make a written request to an authorised employee for the issue of a certificate under this section.

             (2)  Upon a request being made, the authorised employee must issue a certificate stating:

                     (a)  whether a statutory lien applies to the aircraft; and

                     (b)  whether or not, as at a specified date and time, any service charge or late payment penalty is payable and unpaid in respect of the aircraft; and

                     (c)  in respect of any such charge or penalty, the amount of it and the date upon which it became payable.

             (3)  Where a certificate has been issued, any statutory lien on the aircraft, whether imposed before or after the time to which the certificate relates, does not cover:

                     (a)  any service charge in respect of the aircraft that was payable and unpaid as at the time specified in the certificate but was not specified in the certificate; or

                     (b)  any late payment penalty relating to any such charge.

62  Cessation of statutory lien

             (1)  A statutory lien ceases to have effect in the following cases, and not otherwise:

                     (a)  when there is no longer any outstanding amount covered by the statutory lien;

                     (b)  when the aircraft is sold under section 67;

                     (c)  when an authorised employee directs in writing that the statutory lien ceases to have effect.

             (2)  When a lien ceases to have effect, the Registrar must make an entry in the Register as prescribed by the regulations.

63  Notice relating to statutory lien

             (1)  As soon as practicable after an entry is made in the Register under section 59 or 62, the Registrar must:

                     (a)  publish in the Gazette notice of that fact, containing such particulars as are prescribed by the regulations; and

                     (b)  take reasonable steps to serve copies of the notice on such persons as are prescribed by the regulations.

             (2)  A failure to comply with subsection (1) has no effect on the operation of section 59 or 62.

64  Register of statutory liens

             (1)  There is to be a Register of Statutory Liens.

             (2)  The Register must be maintained, and be open to public inspection, as prescribed by the regulations.

Subdivision BSeizure and sale of aircraft

65  Seizure of aircraft

             (1)  This section applies if an outstanding amount covered by a statutory lien on an aircraft remains unpaid at the end of 9 months after the day on which it became an outstanding amount or the day on which the lien was registered, whichever is the later.

             (2)  An authorised employee:

                     (a)  may at any time, seize the aircraft; and

                     (b)  may keep possession of the aircraft until all outstanding amounts covered by the statutory lien are paid.

             (3)  The authorised employee must take reasonable steps to give notice of the seizure to the following persons:

                     (a)  persons who, in the opinion of the authorised employee, have a security interest in the aircraft;

                     (b)  each person who is an owner, operator, lessee, hirer, charterer or pilot in command, of the aircraft;

                     (c)  any other persons prescribed by the regulations.

             (4)  A notice under subsection (3) must:

                     (a)  identify the aircraft that has been seized; and

                     (b)  state that the aircraft has been seized under this section; and

                     (c)  specify the reason for the seizure.

             (5)  An authorised employee is not entitled to seize an aircraft under this section if the employee fails to comply with a request by the owner, operator or pilot in command of the aircraft to produce proof that the employee is authorised to act under this section.

66  AA must insure seized aircraft

             (1)  Where an aircraft is to be seized under section 65, AA must insure the aircraft, and keep it insured, against the loss of, or any damage to, the aircraft during its seizure or while it is in the custody, possession or control of AA or of an employee or agent of AA.

             (2)  The insurance must be for the benefit of the person or persons prescribed by the regulations.

             (3)  If AA pays any premium on the insurance policy, AA may recover the amount of the premium, in a court of competent jurisdiction, as a debt due by the person who is liable to pay the amounts covered by the statutory lien on the aircraft.

67  Sale of aircraft

             (1)  This section applies if an outstanding amount covered by a statutory lien on an aircraft remains unpaid at the end of 9 months after the day on which it became an outstanding amount or the day on which the lien was registered, whichever is the later.

             (2)  AA may at any time do any of the following, whether or not the aircraft has been seized under section 65:

                     (a)  sell the aircraft as prescribed by the regulations;

                     (b)  execute all documents necessary for effecting the sale;

                     (c)  give effective title to the aircraft free of all encumbrances, leases and contracts of hire.

             (3)  Before selling the aircraft, AA must take reasonable steps to give reasonable notice of the sale to the persons referred to in subsection 65(3).

68  Application of proceeds of sale

                   The proceeds of a sale under section 67 must be dealt with in accordance with the regulations.

69  Order of application of payments of outstanding amounts

                   For the purposes of sections 65 and 67, any amounts received by AA in discharge of outstanding amounts covered by a statutory lien are taken to be applied successively in the discharge of those amounts in the order in which they became payable.

Subdivision CInterference with aircraft under statutory lien

70  Removal from Australian territory of aircraft under statutory lien

             (1)  A person who knows that a statutory lien is in effect in respect of an aircraft must not remove the aircraft from Australian territory.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 3 years.

          (1A)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the person has the prior approval of an authorised employee.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (1A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

             (2)  For the purposes of establishing a contravention of subsection (1), a person is taken to have known that a statutory lien was in effect in respect of an aircraft if the person ought reasonably to have known that fact, having regard to:

                     (a)  the person’s abilities, experience, qualifications and other attributes; and

                     (b)  all the circumstances surrounding the alleged contravention.

71  Dismantling etc. aircraft under statutory lien

             (1)  A person who knows that a statutory lien is in effect in respect of an aircraft must not detach any part or equipment from the aircraft.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years.

          (1A)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the person has the prior approval of an authorised employee.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (1A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

             (2)  For the purposes of establishing a contravention of subsection (1), a person is taken to have known that a statutory lien was in effect in respect of an aircraft if the person ought reasonably to have known that fact, having regard to:

                     (a)  the person’s abilities, experience, qualifications and other attributes; and

                     (b)  all the circumstances surrounding the alleged contravention.

Subdivision DMiscellaneous

72  Protection of AA etc. from legal actions

             (1)  No action lies against AA, or against an employee or agent of AA acting in the course of the person’s employment or agency, for or in respect of any of the following:

                     (a)  loss of, or damage to, an aircraft during its seizure in accordance with section 65;

                     (b)  loss of, or damage to, an aircraft so seized while it is in the custody, possession or control of AA or of an employee or agent of AA;

                     (c)  any economic loss suffered by a person as a result of such a seizure.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not cover loss or damage that is wilfully or negligently caused by an employee or agent of AA.

             (3)  In this section:

employee includes a member.

73  Review of decisions

             (1)  A person affected by a decision made under section 58, subsection 59(1), 65(2) or 67(2) or paragraph 62(1)(c) may make a written application to AA to reconsider the decision.

             (2)  The application must be made:

                     (a)  within 28 days after the day on which the decision first comes to the notice of the applicant; or

                     (b)  within such further period as AA allows, either before or after the end of that 28 day period.

             (3)  The application must set out the grounds on which the applicant is requesting reconsideration of the decision.

             (4)  Within 28 days after receiving the application, AA must reconsider the decision and affirm or revoke the decision, or vary the decision, as AA thinks fit.

             (5)  Where AA affirms, revokes or varies a decision, AA must inform the applicant in writing of the result of the reconsideration of the decision, and give its reasons.

             (6)  Applications may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of decisions that have been affirmed or varied under subsection (4).

Part 6Miscellaneous

  

74  Tabling of directions or notices of the Minister

Where the Minister gives a direction under section 14, 16, 18, 46 or 47 or a notice under section 17 or 54, the Minister shall cause a copy of the direction or notice to be laid before each House of the Parliament within 15 sitting days of that House after the giving of the direction or notice.

75  Lands Acquisition Act

The Lands Acquisition Act 1989 does not apply in relation to, or prevent, any of the following:

                     (a)  the acquisition (including the leasing) of land by AA by agreement;

                     (b)  the granting of a lease of land owned by AA;

                     (c)  the granting of a licence to occupy, or the giving of authority to use, land owned by AA;

                     (d)  the disposal of land owned by AA.

76  Conduct by directors, servants and agents

             (1)  If, in proceedings for an offence against this Act, it is necessary to prove the state of mind of a body corporate in relation to particular conduct, it is enough to show:

                     (a)  that the conduct was engaged in by a director, servant or agent of the body corporate within the scope of his or her actual or apparent authority; and

                     (b)  that the director, servant or agent had the state of mind.

             (2)  Any conduct engaged in on behalf of a body corporate by a director, servant, or agent of the body corporate within the scope of his or her actual or apparent authority is taken, for the purposes of a prosecution for an offence against this Act, to have been engaged in also by the body corporate unless the body corporate proves that the body corporate took reasonable precautions and exercised due diligence to avoid the conduct.

             (3)  If, in proceedings for an offence against this Act, it is necessary to establish the state of mind of an individual in relation to particular conduct, it is enough to show:

                     (a)  that the conduct was engaged in by a servant or agent of the individual within the scope of his or her actual or apparent authority; and

                     (b)  that the servant or agent had the state of mind.

             (4)  Any conduct engaged in on behalf of an individual by a servant or agent of the individual within the scope of his or her actual or apparent authority is taken, for the purposes of a prosecution for an offence against this Act, to have been engaged in also by the individual, unless the individual proves that he or she took reasonable precautions and exercised due diligence to avoid the conduct.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  an individual is convicted of an offence; and

                     (b)  he or she would not have been convicted of the offence if subsections (3) and (4) had not been enacted;

he or she is not liable to be punished by imprisonment for the offence.

             (6)  In this section:

director, in relation to a body that:

                     (a)  is incorporated for a public purpose by a law of the Commonwealth, of a State or of a Territory; and

                     (b)  is constituted by one or more members;

means the member, or any of the members, constituting the body.

engage in conduct includes fail or refuse to engage in conduct.

offence against this Act includes the following:

                     (a)  an offence against the regulations;

                     (b)  an offence against section 6 of the Crimes Act 1914 that relates to an offence against this Act or the regulations;

                     (c)  an offence against section 11.1, 11.4 or 11.5 of the Criminal Code that relates to an offence against this Act or the regulations.

state of mind, in relation to a person, includes:

                     (a)  the person’s knowledge, intention, opinion, belief or purpose; and

                     (b)  the person’s reasons for the intention, opinion, belief or purpose.

77  Power to make regulations

             (1)  The Governor‑General may make regulations prescribing matters:

                     (a)  required or permitted by this Act to be prescribed; or

                     (b)  necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to this Act.

             (2)  In particular, the regulations may make provision:

                     (a)  specifying the functions of AA services; and

                     (b)  specifying the powers that are exercisable by AA, or by its employees, in connection with AA services, including the following:

                              (i)  giving instructions and directions in relation to air traffic services;

                             (ii)  coordinating rescue and fire fighting operations;

                            (iii)  requisitioning aircraft;

                            (iv)  taking charge of rescue and fire fighting operations, and giving directions to persons participating in those operations; and

                     (c)  for compensating persons for loss sustained in respect of the requisitioning of an aircraft; and

                     (d)  conferring immunity on AA and its employees from liability arising out of the exercise of powers under the regulations; and

                     (e)  for the publication of Aeronautical Information Publications (AIPs) and Notices to Airmen (NOTAMS); and

                      (f)  regulating the environmental effects of the operation of Commonwealth jurisdiction aircraft; and

                     (g)  the supply in specified circumstances, to specified employees of AA, of records in respect of an aircraft subject to a statutory lien, being records kept under the regulations and relating to:

                              (i)  the maintenance done on the aircraft and its components; and

                             (ii)  the time in service of the aircraft and its components; and

                     (h)  enabling specified documents to be prima facie evidence of movements of aircraft for the purpose of establishing liability to charges; and

                      (i)  imposing penalties, not exceeding 50 penalty units, for a contravention of the regulations.

             (3)  In this section:

AA service means a service covered by paragraph 8(1)(a).

rescue and fire fighting operations means operations in connection with a rescue and fire fighting service covered by paragraph 8(1)(a).


Endnotes

Endnote 1—About the endnotes

The endnotes provide information about this compilation and the compiled law.

The following endnotes are included in every compilation:

Endnote 1—About the endnotes

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key

Endnote 3—Legislation history

Endnote 4—Amendment history

Endnotes about misdescribed amendments and other matters are included in a compilation only as necessary.

Abbreviation key—Endnote 2

The abbreviation key sets out abbreviations that may be used in the endnotes.

Legislation history and amendment history—Endnotes 3 and 4

Amending laws are annotated in the legislation history and amendment history.

The legislation history in endnote 3 provides information about each law that has amended (or will amend) the compiled law. The information includes commencement details for amending laws and details of any application, saving or transitional provisions that are not included in this compilation.

The amendment history in endnote 4 provides information about amendments at the provision (generally section or equivalent) level. It also includes information about any provision of the compiled law that has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law.

Misdescribed amendments

A misdescribed amendment is an amendment that does not accurately describe the amendment to be made. If, despite the misdescription, the amendment can be given effect as intended, the amendment is incorporated into the compiled law and the abbreviation “(md)” added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

If a misdescribed amendment cannot be given effect as intended, the abbreviation “(md not incorp)” is added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key

 

A = Act

o = order(s)

ad = added or inserted

Ord = Ordinance

am = amended

orig = original

amdt = amendment

par = paragraph(s)/subparagraph(s)

c = clause(s)

    /sub‑subparagraph(s)

C[x] = Compilation No. x

pres = present

Ch = Chapter(s)

prev = previous

def = definition(s)

(prev…) = previously

Dict = Dictionary

Pt = Part(s)

disallowed = disallowed by Parliament

r = regulation(s)/rule(s)

Div = Division(s)

Reg = Regulation/Regulations

exp = expires/expired or ceases/ceased to have

reloc = relocated

    effect

renum = renumbered

F = Federal Register of Legislative Instruments

rep = repealed

gaz = gazette

rs = repealed and substituted

LI = Legislative Instrument

s = section(s)/subsection(s)

LIA = Legislative Instruments Act 2003

Sch = Schedule(s)

(md) = misdescribed amendment can be given

Sdiv = Subdivision(s)

    effect

SLI = Select Legislative Instrument

(md not incorp) = misdescribed amendment

SR = Statutory Rules

    cannot be given effect

Sub‑Ch = Sub‑Chapter(s)

mod = modified/modification

SubPt = Subpart(s)

No. = Number(s)

underlining = whole or part not

 

    commenced or to be commenced

 

Endnote 3—Legislation history

 

Act

Number and year

Assent

Commencement

Application, saving and transitional provisions

Air Services Act 1995

81, 1995

30 June 1995

ss. 13, 14, 16(6), notes to s. 17(3), (4), s. 32(2)(d), (5)(b) and 51: 1 Jan 1998
Remainder: 6 July 1995 (see Gazette 1995, No. S270)

 

Transport Legislation Amendment (Search and Rescue Service) Act 1997

130, 1997

17 Sept 1997

Schedule 2 (items 1–5): 1 Nov 1997 (see Gazette 1997, No. S438)

Audit (Transitional and Miscellaneous) Amendment Act 1997

152, 1997

24 Oct 1997

Schedule 2 (item 153): 1 Jan 1998 (see s. 2(2) and Gazette 1997, No. GN49)
Schedule 3 (item 1): 30 June 1995

Aviation Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 1998

95, 1998

23 July 1998

Schedule 3: Royal Assent

Public Employment (Consequential and Transitional) Amendment Act 1999

146, 1999

11 Nov 1999

Schedule 1 (item 85): 5 Dec 1999 (see s. 2(1), (2) and Gazette 1999, No. S584)

Corporations (Repeals, Consequentials and Transitionals) Act 2001

55, 2001

28 June 2001

ss. 4–14 and Schedule 3 (item 27): 15 July 2001 (see s. 2(3) and Gazette 2001, No. S285)

ss. 4–14

Transport and Regional Services Legislation Amendment (Application of Criminal Code) Act 2001

143, 2001

1 Oct 2001

s. 4 and Schedule 3 (items 33–38): 2 Oct 2001

s. 4

Transport Safety Investigation (Consequential Amendments) Act 2003

19, 2003

11 Apr 2003

Schedule 1 (item 3): 1 July 2003 (s 2(1) item 2)

Civil Aviation Legislation Amendment Act 2003

83, 2003

6 Sept 2003

Schedule 4: Royal Assent

Trade Practices Legislation Amendment Act 2003

134, 2003

17 Dec 2003

Schedule 2 (items 13–18): 1 Mar 2004 (see Gazette 2004, No. GN8)

Aviation Transport Security (Consequential Amendments and Transitional Provisions) Act 2004

9, 2004

10 Mar 2004

Schedule 2 (item 1) and Schedule 3: 10 Mar 2005 (see s. 2(1))

Sch. 3 (am. by 149, 2004, Sch. 2 [item 2])

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Aviation Security Amendment Act 2004

149, 2004

14 Dec 2004

Schedule 2 (item 2): 10 Mar 2005 (s 2(1) item 3)
Schedule 2 (item 3): Royal Assent

Sch. 2 (item 3)

Tax Laws Amendment (Repeal of Inoperative Provisions) Act 2006

101, 2006

14 Sept 2006

Schedule 2 (item 4) and Schedule 6 (items 1, 6–11): Royal Assent

Sch. 6 (items 1, 6–11)

Airspace (Consequentials and Other Measures) Act 2007

39, 2007

30 Mar 2007

Schedule 2 (items 1–3): Royal Assent
Schedule 3: 1 July 2007 (see s. 2(1) and F2007L01854)

Sch. 3

Transport Safety Investigation Amendment Act 2009

20, 2009

26 Mar 2009

Schedule 1 (item 68): 1 July 2009

Customs Legislation Amendment (Name Change) Act 2009

33, 2009

22 May 2009

Schedule 2 (item 2): 23 May 2009

Personal Property Securities (Consequential Amendments) Act 2009

131, 2009

14 Dec 2009

Schedule 5 (items 1–4): 30 Jan 2012 (see F2011L02397)

Sch. 5 (item 4)

Trade Practices Amendment (Australian Consumer Law) Act (No. 2) 2010

103, 2010

13 July 2010

Schedule 6 (items 1, 18–20): 1 Jan 2011

Statute Law Revision Act 2011

5, 2011

22 Mar 2011

Schedule 5 (items 6–9): 19 Apr 2011

Acts Interpretation Amendment Act 2011

46, 2011

27 June 2011

Schedule 2 (items 61–64) and Schedule 3 (items 10, 11): 27 Dec 2011

Sch. 3 (items 10, 11)

Statute Law Revision Act 2012

136, 2012

22 Sept 2012

Schedule 1 (item 11): Royal Assent

International Interests in Mobile Equipment (Cape Town Convention) (Consequential Amendments) Act 2013.

92, 2013

28 June 2013

Sch 1 (items 1, 2): never commenced (s 2(1) item 2)

Public Governance, Performance and Accountability (Consequential and Transitional Provisions) Act 2014

62, 2014

30 June 2014

Sch 7 (items 98–112) and Sch 14 (items 1–4: 1 July 2014 (s 2(1) items 6, 14)

Sch 14 (items 1–4)

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Public Governance and Resources Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 2015

36, 2015

13 Apr 2015

Sch 2 (item 7) and Sch 7: 14 Apr 2015 (s 2)

Sch 7

Public Governance and Resources Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 2015

36, 2015

13 Apr 2015

Sch 6 (items 1, 2) and Sch 7 (items 1, 2): 14 Apr 2015 (s 2)

Sch 7 (items 1, 2)

Customs and Other Legislation Amendment (Australian Border Force) Act 2015

41, 2015

20 May 2015

Sch 5 (item 1) and Sch 9: 1 July 2015 (s 2(1) items 2, 7)

Sch 9

Norfolk Island Legislation Amendment Act 2015

59, 2015

26 May 2015

Sch 2 (item 50): 1 July 2016 (s 2(1) item 5)
Sch 2 (items 356–396): 18 June 2015 (s 2(1) item 6)

Sch 2 (items 356–396)

 

Endnote 4—Amendment history

 

Provision affected

How affected

Part 1

 

s 2 .......................................

am No 152, 1997

s 3 .......................................

am No 55, 2001; No 33, 2009; No 5, 2011; No 62, 2014; No 41, 2015

s 4........................................

am No 59, 2015

s 6A ....................................

ad No 143, 2001

Part 2

 

Division 1

 

s 7........................................

am No 152, 1997

 

rs No 62, 2014

Division 2

 

s 8........................................

am No 130, 1997; No 95, 1998; No 19, 2003; No 83, 2003; No 9, 2004; No 20, 2009; No 136, 2012

Division 3

 

s 13 .....................................

am No 152, 1997; No 62, 2014

s 16 .....................................

am No 152, 1997; No 62, 2014

s 17......................................

am No 152, 1997; No 62, 2014

s 18......................................

am No 62, 2014

s 19 .....................................

am No 39, 2007

Part 3

 

Division 3

 

s 30......................................

am No 146, 1999

s 32 .....................................

am No 152, 1997; No 62, 2014

s 33......................................

am No 46, 2011

Part 4

 

Division 1

 

s 40......................................

am No 62, 2014

s 41......................................

am No 46, 2011

Part 5

 

Division 1

 

s 44......................................

am No 5, 2011

s 45......................................

am No 5, 2011

s 48......................................

am No 5, 2011

s 50......................................

am No 36, 2015

s 51 .....................................

am No 152, 1997

 

rs No 62, 2014

Division 2

 

s 52......................................

am No 101, 2006

Division 3

 

s 55......................................

am No 134, 2003; No 103, 2010

Division 4

 

Subdivision A

 

s 60......................................

am No 131, 2009; No 92, 2013

Subdivision C

 

s 70......................................

am No 143, 2001

s 71......................................

am No 143, 2001

Part 6

 

s 76 .....................................

am No 143, 2001

s 77......................................

am No 130, 1997; No 39, 2007