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Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006

Authoritative Version
  • - C2015C00120
  • In force - Superseded Version
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Act No. 14 of 2006 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Amendment (Miscellaneous Measures) Act 2015
An Act about petroleum exploration and recovery, and the injection and storage of greenhouse gas substances, in offshore areas, and for other purposes
Administered by: Industry and Science
Registered 01 Apr 2015
Start Date 20 Mar 2015
End Date 24 Mar 2015
Table of contents.

Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006

No. 14, 2006

Compilation No. 33

Compilation date:                              20 March 2015

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 15, 2015

Registered:                                         1 April 2015

This compilation is in 3 volumes

Volume 1:       sections 1–465

Volume 2:       sections 466–791

Volume 3:       Schedules

                        Endnotes

Each volume has its own contents

 

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 20 March 2015 (the compilation date).

This compilation was prepared on 20 March 2015.

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on ComLaw (www.comlaw.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on ComLaw for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on ComLaw for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Chapter 4—Registration of transfers of, and dealings in, petroleum titles          1

Part 4.1—Introduction                                                                                                        1

466........ Simplified outline................................................................................ 1

467........ Definitions.......................................................................................... 1

468........ Dealing—series of debentures............................................................ 2

Part 4.2—Register of titles and petroleum special prospecting authorities             3

469........ Register to be kept............................................................................... 3

470........ Entries in Register—general................................................................ 3

471........ Entry in Register—cessation, revocation or expiry of title.................. 5

471A..... Notation in Register—applicable datum.............................................. 6

Part 4.3—Transfer of titles                                                                                              7

472........ Approval and registration of transfers................................................. 7

473........ Application for approval of transfer.................................................... 7

474........ Documents to accompany application................................................. 7

476........ Time limit for application.................................................................... 8

477........ Date of application to be entered in Register....................................... 8

478........ Approval of transfer............................................................................ 8

479........ Registration of transfer........................................................................ 9

480........ Instrument of transfer does not create an interest in the title.............. 10

481........ Limit on effect of approval of transfers............................................. 10

Part 4.4—Devolution of title                                                                                          11

482........ Application to have name entered on the Register as the holder of a title  11

483........ Entry of name in the Register............................................................ 11

Part 4.5—Change in name of company                                                                 12

484........ Application to have new name entered on the Register..................... 12

485........ Alteration in the Register................................................................... 12

Part 4.6—Dealings relating to existing titles                                                         13

486........ Dealings to which this Part applies................................................... 13

487........ Approval and registration of dealings............................................... 14

488........ Application for approval of dealing................................................... 14

489........ Documents to accompany application............................................... 15

491........ Timing of application........................................................................ 16

492........ Application date to be entered in Register......................................... 16

493........ Approval of dealing.......................................................................... 16

494........ Entry of dealing in Register............................................................... 17

495........ Retention, inspection and return of instruments................................ 18

496........ Strict compliance with application provisions not required............... 19

497........ Limit on effect of approval of dealing............................................... 19

Part 4.7—Dealings in future interests                                                                      20

498........ Provisional application for approval of dealing................................. 20

499........ Documents to accompany provisional application............................. 21

501........ Timing of provisional application...................................................... 21

502........ Provisional application to be treated as an application under section 488 when title comes into existence                22

503........ Limit on approval of dealing............................................................. 23

Part 4.8—Correction and rectification of Register                                         24

504........ Corrections of clerical errors or obvious defects............................... 24

505........ General power of correction of Register........................................... 24

506........ Rectification of Register.................................................................... 25

Part 4.9—Information‑gathering powers                                                              27

507........ Titles Administrator may obtain information from applicants........... 27

508........ Titles Administrator may obtain information from a party to an approved dealing   29

509........ Production and inspection of documents........................................... 31

510........ Titles Administrator may retain documents....................................... 33

Part 4.10—Other provisions                                                                                          34

511........ Titles Administrator etc. not concerned with the effect of instrument lodged under this Chapter             34

513........ Making a false entry in a Register..................................................... 34

514........ Falsified documents.......................................................................... 34

515........ Inspection of Register and instruments............................................. 35

516........ Evidentiary provisions...................................................................... 35

516A..... Application fee.................................................................................. 37

Chapter 5—Registration of transfers of, and dealings in, greenhouse gas titles             38

Part 5.1—Introduction                                                                                                      38

518........ Simplified outline.............................................................................. 38

519........ Definitions........................................................................................ 38

520........ Dealing—series of debentures.......................................................... 39

Part 5.2—Register of titles and greenhouse gas search authorities       40

521........ Register to be kept............................................................................. 40

522........ Entries in Register—general.............................................................. 40

523........ Entry in Register—cessation or expiry of title................................... 42

523A..... Notation in Register—applicable datum............................................ 42

Part 5.3—Transfer of titles                                                                                            43

524........ Approval and registration of transfers............................................... 43

525........ Application for approval of transfer.................................................. 43

526........ Documents to accompany application............................................... 43

527........ Time limit for application.................................................................. 44

528........ Date of application to be entered in Register..................................... 44

529........ Approval of transfer.......................................................................... 44

530........ Registration of transfer...................................................................... 46

531........ Instrument of transfer does not create an interest in the title.............. 47

532........ Limit on effect of approval of transfers............................................. 47

Part 5.4—Devolution of title                                                                                          48

533........ Application to have name entered on the Register as the holder of a title  48

534........ Entry of name in the Register............................................................ 48

Part 5.5—Change in name of company                                                                 49

535........ Application to have new name entered on the Register..................... 49

536........ Alteration in the Register................................................................... 49

Part 5.6—Dealings relating to existing titles                                                         50

537........ Dealings to which this Part applies................................................... 50

538........ Approval and registration of dealings............................................... 51

539........ Application for approval of dealing................................................... 51

540........ Documents to accompany application............................................... 52

541........ Timing of application........................................................................ 53

542........ Application date to be entered in Register......................................... 53

543........ Approval of dealing.......................................................................... 53

544........ Entry of dealing in Register............................................................... 54

545........ Retention, inspection and return of instruments................................ 55

546........ Strict compliance with application provisions not required............... 56

547........ Limit on effect of approval of dealing............................................... 56

Part 5.7—Dealings in future interests                                                                      57

548........ Provisional application for approval of dealing................................. 57

549........ Documents to accompany provisional application............................. 58

550........ Timing of provisional application...................................................... 58

551........ Provisional application to be treated as an application under section 539 when title comes into existence                59

552........ Limit on approval of dealing............................................................. 60

Part 5.8—Correction and rectification of Register                                         61

553........ Corrections of clerical errors or obvious defects............................... 61

554........ General power of correction of Register........................................... 61

555........ Rectification of Register.................................................................... 62

Part 5.9—Information‑gathering powers                                                              64

556........ Titles Administrator may obtain information from applicants........... 64

557........ Titles Administrator may obtain information from a party to an approved dealing   65

558........ Production and inspection of documents........................................... 66

559........ Titles Administrator may retain documents....................................... 68

Part 5.10—Other provisions                                                                                          69

560........ Titles Administrator not concerned with the effect of instrument lodged under this Chapter    69

562........ Making a false entry in the Register.................................................. 69

563........ Falsified documents.......................................................................... 69

564........ Inspection of Register and instruments............................................. 70

565........ Evidentiary provisions...................................................................... 70

565A..... Application fee.................................................................................. 72

Chapter 6—Administration                                                                              73

Part 6.1—Operations                                                                                                         73

567........ Simplified outline.............................................................................. 73

568........ Commencement of works or operations............................................ 73

569........ Work practices.................................................................................. 74

570........ Work practices.................................................................................. 79

571........ Financial assurance—petroleum titles............................................... 83

571A..... Insurance—greenhouse gas titles...................................................... 85

572........ Maintenance and removal of property etc. by titleholder................... 86

Part 6.1A—Polluter pays                                                                                                 90

Division 1—General                                                                                                    90

572A..... Simplified outline.............................................................................. 90

572B..... Relationship with significant offshore petroleum incident directions 91

Division 2—Polluter pays                                                                                         92

572C..... Escape of petroleum—titleholder’s duty........................................... 92

572D..... Escape of petroleum—reimbursement of NOPSEMA...................... 93

572E...... Escape of petroleum—reimbursement of responsible Commonwealth Minister      93

572F...... Escape of petroleum—reimbursement of State or Northern Territory 94

Part 6.2—Directions relating to petroleum                                                           96

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                                96

573........ Simplified outline.............................................................................. 96

Division 2—General power to give directions                                              98

574........ General power to give directions—NOPSEMA............................... 98

574A..... General power to give directions—responsible Commonwealth Minister                101

574B..... Directions may extend outside of title area...................................... 104

575........ Notification of a direction that has an extended application............. 104

576........ Directions under sections 574 and 574A—compliance................... 107

Division 2A—Directions for significant offshore petroleum incidents 110

576A..... Directions for significant offshore petroleum incidents—definitions for Division 2A             110

576B..... Directions for significant offshore petroleum incidents—NOPSEMA power to give directions             111

576C..... Directions for significant offshore petroleum incidents—related matters 113

576D..... Directions for significant offshore petroleum incidents—compliance 114

Division 3—NOPSEMA or the responsible Commonwealth Minister may take action if there is a breach of a direction                                                                                       117

577........ NOPSEMA may take action if there is a breach of a direction........ 117

577A..... Responsible Commonwealth Minister may take action if there is a breach of a direction         118

Division 4—Defence of taking reasonable steps to comply with a direction       120

578........ Defence of taking reasonable steps to comply with a direction....... 120

Part 6.3—Directions relating to greenhouse gas                                             121

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              121

579........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 121

Division 2—General power to give directions                                            122

580........ General power to give directions..................................................... 122

581........ Notification of a direction that has an extended application............. 124

582........ Compliance with directions............................................................. 125

Division 3—Responsible Commonwealth Minister may take action if there is a breach of a direction                                                                                                                    127

583........ Responsible Commonwealth Minister may take action if there is a breach of a direction         127

Division 4—Defence of taking reasonable steps to comply with a direction       129

584........ Defence of taking reasonable steps to comply with a direction....... 129

Part 6.4—Restoration of the environment                                                          130

Division 1—Petroleum                                                                                             130

585........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 130

585A..... Remedial directions for petroleum—power to issue directions under different provisions       131

586........ Remedial directions to current holders of permits, leases and licences—NOPSEMA              131

586A..... Remedial directions to current holders of permits, leases and licences—responsible Commonwealth Minister       134

587........ Remedial directions to former holders of permits, leases, licences and authorities etc.—NOPSEMA     136

587A..... Remedial directions to former holders of permits, leases, licences and authorities etc.—responsible Commonwealth Minister........................................................................................... 139

587B..... Remedial directions—compliance................................................... 141

588........ NOPSEMA may take action if a direction has been breached......... 143

589........ Removal, disposal or sale of property by NOPSEMA—breach of direction           144

590........ Removal, disposal or sale of property—limitation of action etc...... 146

590A..... Responsible Commonwealth Minister may take action if a direction has been breached          147

Division 2—Greenhouse gas                                                                                 148

591........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 148

591A..... Remedial directions for greenhouse gas—power to issue directions under different provisions              148

592........ Remedial directions to current holders of permits, leases and licences 149

593........ Site closing directions to current holders of greenhouse gas injection licences         151

594........ Consultation—directions to do something outside the licence area. 155

595........ Remedial directions to former holders of permits, leases, licences and authorities etc.             157

596........ Responsible Commonwealth Minister may take action if a direction has been breached          159

597........ Removal, disposal or sale of property by responsible Commonwealth Minister—breach of direction     161

598........ Removal, disposal or sale of property—limitation of action etc...... 163

Part 6.5—Compliance and enforcement                                                              164

Division 1—Petroleum                                                                                             164

599........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 164

600........ Definitions—this Division.............................................................. 164

601........ Meaning of listed NOPSEMA law................................................... 165

602........ NOPSEMA inspectors—appointment............................................ 167

602A..... NOPSEMA inspectors—directions by CEO.................................. 168

602B..... NOPSEMA inspectors—reimbursement for exercise of powers relating to the Titles Administrator      169

602C..... Listed NOPSEMA laws—monitoring powers (general)................ 170

602D..... Listed NOPSEMA laws—investigation powers (general).............. 172

602E...... Listed NOPSEMA laws—additional powers................................. 175

602F...... Listed NOPSEMA laws—monitoring and investigation powers (special provisions)             176

602G..... Listed NOPSEMA laws—monitoring and investigation powers (reasonable facilities and assistance)   177

602H..... Listed NOPSEMA laws—monitoring and investigation powers (Greater Sunrise visiting inspectors)   178

602J...... Petroleum environmental laws—additional powers........................ 179

602K..... NOPSEMA inspections—titleholder’s representative.................... 179

602L...... Listed NOPSEMA laws—monitoring and investigation powers (relationship with other powers)         182

603........ Interfering with offshore petroleum installations or operations....... 182

604........ Forfeiture orders etc........................................................................ 183

Division 2—Greenhouse gas                                                                                 185

605........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 185

606........ Appointment of greenhouse gas project inspectors......................... 185

607........ Monitoring powers of greenhouse gas project inspectors............... 186

608........ Warrants to enter residential premises............................................. 189

609........ Interfering with greenhouse gas installations or operations............. 190

610........ Forfeiture orders etc........................................................................ 191

Division 3—Time for bringing proceedings for offences                       192

611........ Time for bringing proceedings for offences.................................... 192

Division 4—Civil penalties                                                                                     193

611A..... Simplified outline............................................................................ 193

611B..... Civil penalty provisions.................................................................. 193

611C..... Contravening civil penalty provisions............................................. 195

Division 5—Infringement notices                                                                       197

611D..... Simplified outline............................................................................ 197

611E...... Infringement notices........................................................................ 197

611F...... Infringement notice—multiple contraventions................................. 200

611G..... Evidentiary matters.......................................................................... 200

Division 6—Injunctions                                                                                           202

611H..... Simplified outline............................................................................ 202

611J...... Injunctions...................................................................................... 202

Division 7—Adverse publicity orders                                                              208

611K..... Simplified outline............................................................................ 208

611L...... Adverse publicity orders................................................................. 208

Part 6.6—Safety zones and the area to be avoided                                       211

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        211

612........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 211

613........ Simplified map of the area to which Schedule 2 applies.................. 212

614........ Definitions...................................................................................... 213

615........ Authorised persons......................................................................... 217

Division 2—Petroleum safety zones                                                                  218

616........ Petroleum safety zones.................................................................... 218

Division 3—Greenhouse gas safety zones                                                     220

617........ Greenhouse gas safety zones.......................................................... 220

Division 4—Unauthorised vessel not to enter area to be avoided    222

618........ NOPSEMA may authorise entry into area to be avoided................ 222

619........ Unauthorised vessel not to enter area to be avoided........................ 222

Division 5—Powers of authorised persons                                                    225

620........ Requirement to move vessel etc...................................................... 225

621........ Other powers of authorised persons............................................... 226

622........ Warrants.......................................................................................... 229

623........ Exercise of powers in serious circumstances.................................. 230

Part 6.7—Collection of fees and royalties                                                           231

Division 3—Royalties payable under the Royalty Act                           231

631........ When royalty due for payment........................................................ 231

632........ When adjusted amount due for payment......................................... 231

633........ Late payment penalty....................................................................... 232

634........ Recovery of royalty debts............................................................... 232

635........ Amounts payable to the Titles Administrator.................................. 233

Division 4—Fees payable under this Act                                                        234

636........ Fees payable under this Act............................................................ 234

Part 6.8—Occupational health and safety                                                          235

637........ Occupational health and safety........................................................ 235

638........ Listed OHS laws............................................................................. 235

639........ Regulations relating to occupational health and safety..................... 236

640........ Commonwealth maritime legislation does not apply in relation to facilities located in offshore areas       236

641........ Commonwealth maritime legislation does not apply in relation to facilities located in designated coastal waters     237

Part 6.9—National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority   239

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        239

642........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 239

643........ Definitions...................................................................................... 240

644........ Designated coastal waters............................................................... 245

Division 2—Establishment, functions and powers of NOPSEMA     246

645........ National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority    246

646........ NOPSEMA’s functions.................................................................. 246

646A..... Limits on functions conferred on NOPSEMA................................ 250

647........ Policy principles.............................................................................. 252

648........ NOPSEMA’s ordinary powers...................................................... 253

649........ Functions and powers of NOPSEMA under State or Territory PSLA or other laws               254

650........ Additional functions and powers.................................................... 254

652........ NOPSEMA is a body corporate..................................................... 256

Division 3—National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority Board                                                                                                                    257

Subdivision A—Establishment, functions and membership                        257

653........ National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority Board          257

654........ Functions of the Board.................................................................... 257

655........ Powers of the Board....................................................................... 259

656........ Membership.................................................................................... 259

Subdivision B—Board procedures                                                                    260

657........ Board procedures............................................................................ 260

Subdivision C—Terms and conditions for Board members                       260

658........ Term of appointment and related matters for Board members......... 260

659........ Remuneration and allowances of Board members........................... 261

660........ Leave of absence of Board members............................................... 261

661........ Resignation of Board members....................................................... 261

662........ Termination of appointment of Board members.............................. 262

663........ Other terms and conditions of Board members............................... 262

664........ Acting Board members................................................................... 263

Division 4—Chief Executive Officer and staff of NOPSEMA            264

665........ Appointment of the CEO................................................................ 264

666........ Duties of the CEO........................................................................... 264

667........ Working with the Board.................................................................. 264

668........ Remuneration and allowances of the CEO...................................... 265

669........ Leave of absence of the CEO.......................................................... 265

670........ Resignation of the CEO.................................................................. 266

672........ Termination of CEO’s appointment................................................ 266

673........ Other terms and conditions............................................................. 267

674........ Acting appointments....................................................................... 267

675........ Delegation by CEO......................................................................... 268

676........ Staff of NOPSEMA....................................................................... 268

677........ Consultants and persons seconded to NOPSEMA......................... 269

Division 5—Corporate plans                                                                                270

678........ Corporate plan................................................................................. 270

679........ Responsible Commonwealth Minister’s response to corporate plan 270

Division 7—NOPSEMA’s finances                                                                    272

682........ Commonwealth payments to NOPSEMA...................................... 272

683........ Application of money by NOPSEMA............................................ 274

Division 8—Other financial matters                                                                 275

685........ Fees for expenses incurred by NOPSEMA.................................... 275

686........ Safety investigation levy................................................................. 275

687........ Safety case levy............................................................................... 276

688........ Well investigation levy.................................................................... 278

688A..... Annual well levy............................................................................. 279

688B..... Well activity levy............................................................................. 279

688C..... Environment plan levy.................................................................... 280

689........ Liability to taxation.......................................................................... 281

Division 9—Miscellaneous                                                                                     282

690........ Annual reports................................................................................ 282

691........ Ministers may require NOPSEMA to prepare reports or give information              283

692........ Responsible Commonwealth Minister may give directions to NOPSEMA             284

693........ Prosecutions by the Director of Public Prosecutions under mirror provisions         286

694........ Fair Work Commission may exercise powers under mirror provisions 286

695........ Reviews of operations of NOPSEMA............................................ 287

695AA.. NOPSEMA—consultations............................................................ 288

Part 6.10—National Offshore Petroleum Titles Administrator             289

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        289

695AB.. Simplified outline............................................................................ 289

Division 2—National Offshore Petroleum Titles Administrator       290

695A..... National Offshore Petroleum Titles Administrator.......................... 290

695B..... Functions of the Titles Administrator.............................................. 290

695C..... Acting Titles Administrator............................................................. 292

695D..... Delegation by the Titles Administrator............................................ 293

695E...... Titles Administrator to be assisted by APS employees in the Department               293

695F...... Other persons assisting the Titles Administrator............................. 293

695G..... Consultants..................................................................................... 294

Division 3—National Offshore Petroleum Titles Administrator Special Account           295

695H..... National Offshore Petroleum Titles Administrator Special Account 295

695J...... Credits to the Account..................................................................... 295

695K..... Purposes of the Account and transfers to general CRF................... 296

Division 4—Other financial matters                                                                 297

695L...... Fees................................................................................................. 297

695M.... Annual titles administration levy..................................................... 297

Division 5—Miscellaneous                                                                                     300

695N..... Annual report.................................................................................. 300

695P...... Reviews of activities of Titles Administrator.................................. 300

695Q..... Judicial notice of signature of Titles Administrator......................... 302

695R..... Communications with responsible Commonwealth Minister.......... 302

Part 6.11—Using and sharing offshore information and things           303

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        303

695S...... Simplified outline............................................................................ 303

695T...... Definitions...................................................................................... 303

695U..... Scope of Part................................................................................... 304

Division 2—NOPSEMA’s use of offshore information or things      306

695V..... Purposes for which NOPSEMA may use offshore information or things               306

Division 3—Sharing offshore information or things                                307

695W.... Sharing offshore information or things for the purposes of this Act 307

695X..... CEO of NOPSEMA may share offshore information or things with other agencies               307

695Y..... Personal information....................................................................... 308

Chapter 7—Information relating to petroleum                         309

Part 7.1—Data management and gathering of information                    309

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        309

696........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 309

Division 2—Data management                                                                            310

697........ Direction to keep records................................................................ 310

698........ Regulations about data management................................................ 312

Division 3—Information‑gathering powers                                                  314

699........ Titles Administrator or NOPSEMA inspector may obtain information and documents           314

700........ Copying documents—reasonable compensation............................. 317

701........ Power to examine on oath or affirmation........................................ 317

702........ Self‑incrimination............................................................................ 317

703........ Copies of documents....................................................................... 318

704........ Titles Administrator or NOPSEMA inspector may retain documents 318

705........ False or misleading information...................................................... 318

706........ False or misleading documents....................................................... 319

707........ False or misleading evidence........................................................... 319

707A..... Directions by Titles Administrator.................................................. 319

Part 7.2—Release of regulatory information                                                    321

708........ Notifiable events—Gazette notice................................................... 321

709........ Titles Administrator to make documents available to responsible Commonwealth Minister    322

Part 7.3—Release of technical information                                                        323

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        323

710........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 323

711........ Definitions...................................................................................... 323

Division 2—Protection of confidentiality of information and samples 325

Subdivision A—Information and samples obtained by the Titles Administrator          325

712........ Protection of confidentiality of documentary information obtained by the Titles Administrator               325

713........ Protection of confidentiality of petroleum mining samples obtained by the Titles Administrator             325

714........ Titles Administrator may make information or samples available to a Minister, a State Minister or a Northern Territory Minister........................................................................................... 326

Subdivision B—Information and samples obtained by a Minister            326

715........ Protection of confidentiality of information obtained by a Minister 326

716........ Protection of confidentiality of petroleum mining samples obtained by a Minister   327

Subdivision C—Miscellaneous                                                                            327

717........ Fees................................................................................................. 327

718........ Review by Minister......................................................................... 328

719........ Privacy Act..................................................................................... 328

Division 3—Copyright                                                                                             329

720........ Publishing or making copies of applicable documents not an infringement of copyright         329

Division 4—Release of technical information given to the Designated Authority before 7 March 2000                                                                                                                    330

721........ Release of technical information given to the Designated Authority before 7 March 2000      330

Chapter 8—Information relating to greenhouse gas           331

Part 8.1—Data management and gathering of information                    331

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        331

722........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 331

Division 2—Data management                                                                            332

723........ Direction to keep records................................................................ 332

724........ Regulations about data management................................................ 333

Division 3—Information‑gathering powers                                                  335

725........ Titles Administrator or greenhouse gas project inspector may obtain information and documents           335

726........ Copying documents—reasonable compensation............................. 337

727........ Power to examine on oath or affirmation........................................ 337

728........ Self‑incrimination............................................................................ 337

729........ Copies of documents....................................................................... 338

730........ Titles Administrator or greenhouse gas project inspector may retain documents      338

731........ False or misleading information...................................................... 338

732........ False or misleading documents....................................................... 339

733........ False or misleading evidence........................................................... 339

733A..... Directions by Titles Administrator.................................................. 340

Part 8.2—Release of regulatory information                                                    341

734........ Notifiable events—Gazette notice................................................... 341

734A..... Titles Administrator to make documents available to responsible Commonwealth Minister    342

Part 8.3—Release of technical information                                                        343

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        343

735........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 343

736........ Definitions...................................................................................... 343

737........ Documents and samples given to the responsible Commonwealth Minister            344

Division 2—Protection of confidentiality of information and samples 346

Subdivision A—Information and samples obtained by the responsible Commonwealth Minister or the Titles Administrator                                                                            346

738........ Protection of confidentiality of documentary information obtained by the responsible Commonwealth Minister or the Titles Administrator........................................................................ 346

739........ Protection of confidentiality of eligible samples obtained by the responsible Commonwealth Minister or the Titles Administrator.................................................................................. 346

740........ Responsible Commonwealth Minister or the Titles Administrator may make information or samples available to a Minister, a State Minister or a Northern Territory Minister............ 347

Subdivision B—Miscellaneous                                                                            347

741........ Fees................................................................................................. 347

742........ Privacy Act..................................................................................... 348

Division 3—Copyright                                                                                             349

743........ Publishing or making copies of applicable documents not an infringement of copyright         349

Chapter 9—Miscellaneous                                                                                350

Part 9.1—Review of decisions                                                                                    350

744........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 350

745........ Definitions...................................................................................... 350

747........ Review of reviewable Ministerial decision...................................... 351

747A..... Review of reviewable Titles Administrator decision....................... 351

Part 9.2—Expert advisory committees                                                                  352

748........ Establishment of expert advisory committees.................................. 352

749........ Function of expert advisory committees.......................................... 352

750........ Appointment of expert advisory committee members etc................ 354

751........ Procedures of expert advisory committees...................................... 354

752........ Remuneration and allowances......................................................... 355

753........ Leave of absence............................................................................. 355

754........ Resignation..................................................................................... 356

755........ Disclosure of interests to the responsible Commonwealth Minister 356

756........ Disclosure of interests to an expert advisory committee.................. 356

757........ Other terms and conditions............................................................. 357

758........ Protection of information................................................................ 357

Part 9.3—Information relevant to the making of designated agreements               359

Division 1—Information‑gathering powers                                                  359

759........ Responsible Commonwealth Minister may obtain information and documents       359

760........ Copying documents—reasonable compensation............................. 361

761........ Self‑incrimination............................................................................ 361

762........ Copies of documents....................................................................... 362

763........ Responsible Commonwealth Minister may retain documents......... 362

764........ False or misleading information...................................................... 362

765........ False or misleading documents....................................................... 363

Division 2—Protection of information etc.                                                   364

766........ Protection of information................................................................ 364

767........ Disclosure of information to titleholder etc..................................... 364

Part 9.4—Liability for acts and omissions                                                          366

768........ Liability for acts and omissions....................................................... 366

Part 9.5—Jurisdiction of courts                                                                                368

769........ Jurisdiction of State courts.............................................................. 368

770........ Jurisdiction of Territory courts........................................................ 368

Part 9.6A—Multiple titleholders                                                                               369

Division 1—Eligible voluntary action by multiple titleholders           369

775A..... Definitions...................................................................................... 369

775B..... Eligible voluntary action by multiple holders of a petroleum title.... 370

775C..... Eligible voluntary action by multiple holders of a greenhouse gas title 372

Division 2—Obligations of multiple titleholders                                         375

775D..... Obligations of multiple holders of a petroleum title......................... 375

775E...... Obligations of multiple holders of a greenhouse gas title................ 376

Part 9.7—Publication in Gazette                                                                              377

776........ Publication in Gazette—State or external Territory......................... 377

777........ Publication in Gazette—Northern Territory.................................... 377

Part 9.8—Delegation by responsible Commonwealth Minister             378

778........ Delegation by responsible Commonwealth Minister....................... 378

Part 9.9—Public interest                                                                                                380

779........ Public interest.................................................................................. 380

Part 9.10—Compensation for acquisition of property                                381

780........ Compensation for acquisition of property....................................... 381

Part 9.10A—Inquiries into significant offshore incidents                         382

780A..... Appointment of Commissioner....................................................... 382

780B..... Hearings.......................................................................................... 384

780C..... Commissioner not bound by the rules of evidence.......................... 384

780D..... Departmental officers...................................................................... 384

780E...... Application of the Royal Commissions Act 1902............................ 385

780F...... Conferral of inspection powers....................................................... 385

780G..... Application of laws relating to disclosure....................................... 388

Part 9.10B—Personal property securities                                                           389

780H..... Titles, and interests etc. in titles, are not personal property for the purposes of the Personal Property Securities Act 2009........................................................................................................ 389

Part 9.11—Regulations                                                                                                   390

781........ Regulations..................................................................................... 390

782........ Regulations dealing with specific matters........................................ 390

782A..... Regulations—service of documents................................................ 394

783........ Regulations may provide for matters by reference to codes of practice or standards                394

784........ Unconditional or conditional prohibition......................................... 395

785........ Regulations not limited by conditions provisions............................ 395

786........ Exercise of Australia’s rights under international law—petroleum in the continental shelf      395

787........ Exercise of Australia’s rights under international law—injection and storage of greenhouse gas substances in the continental shelf.............................................................................. 395

788........ Exercise of Australia’s rights under international law—petroleum within territorial limits       396

789........ Exercise of Australia’s rights under international law—injection and storage of greenhouse gas substances within territorial limits................................................................................ 396

790........ Offences.......................................................................................... 397

790A..... Regulations dealing with the Regulatory Powers Act..................... 397

Part 9.12—Transitional provisions                                                                          398

791........ Transitional provisions.................................................................... 398


Chapter 4Registration of transfers of, and dealings in, petroleum titles

Part 4.1Introduction

  

466  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Chapter:

•      The Titles Administrator must keep a Register, for each offshore area, of petroleum titles and petroleum special prospecting authorities that relate to that offshore area.

•      A transfer of a petroleum title must be approved by the Titles Administrator, and an instrument of transfer must be registered under this Part.

•      A dealing in a petroleum title must be approved by the Titles Administrator, and the approval must be entered in the relevant Register.

467  Definitions

                   In this Chapter:

Register means a Register kept under section 469.

relevant Register:

                     (a)  in relation to a title or a petroleum special prospecting authority—means the Register for the offshore area to which the title or petroleum special prospecting authority relates; or

                     (b)  in relation to a notice under subsection 191(5), (6) or (7) that relates to a petroleum pool that is wholly or partly situated in an offshore area—means the Register for the offshore area.

title means:

                     (a)  a petroleum exploration permit; or

                     (b)  a petroleum retention lease; or

                     (c)  a petroleum production licence; or

                     (d)  an infrastructure licence; or

                     (e)  a pipeline licence; or

                      (f)  a petroleum access authority.

468  Dealing—series of debentures

                   For the purposes of this Chapter, if a dealing forms a part of the issue of a series of debentures, all of the dealings constituting the issue of that series of debentures are taken to be one dealing.

Part 4.2Register of titles and petroleum special prospecting authorities

  

469  Register to be kept

                   The Titles Administrator must keep a Register, for each offshore area, of:

                     (a)  titles; and

                     (b)  petroleum special prospecting authorities;

relating to the offshore area.

470  Entries in Register—general

Memorial

             (1)  The Titles Administrator must enter in the relevant Register a memorial for each title and petroleum special prospecting authority.

             (2)  The memorial must comply with the table:

 

Content of memorial

Item

In the case of...

the memorial must...

1

a title or petroleum special prospecting authority

specify the name of the holder of the title or petroleum special prospecting authority.

2

a petroleum exploration permit, petroleum retention lease, petroleum production licence, petroleum special prospecting authority or petroleum access authority

set out an accurate description (including, where convenient, a map) of the permit area, lease area, licence area or authority area.

3

an infrastructure licence

set out details of the licence area.

4

a pipeline licence

set out an accurate description of the route of the pipeline.

5

a title or petroleum special prospecting authority

specify the term of the title or petroleum special prospecting authority.

6

a title or petroleum special prospecting authority

set out such other matters and things as are required by this Act to be entered in the Register.

7

a title or petroleum special prospecting authority

set out such further matters relating to the registered holder, or to the conditions of the title or petroleum special prospecting authority, as the Titles Administrator thinks proper and expedient in the public interest.

             (3)  The Titles Administrator must enter in the relevant Register a memorial of:

                     (a)  a notice or instrument:

                              (i)  varying; or

                             (ii)  cancelling (to any extent); or

                            (iii)  surrendering (to any extent); or

                            (iv)  otherwise affecting;

                            a title or petroleum special prospecting authority; or

                     (b)  a notice under subsection 191(5), (6) or (7); or

                     (c)  a notice or instrument varying or revoking a notice or instrument referred to in paragraph (a) or (b).

Note 1:       Subparagraph (a)(iv) would cover, for example, a notice terminating a petroleum production licence, infrastructure licence or pipeline licence, or a notice revoking a petroleum retention lease or petroleum access authority.

Note 2:       Subsections 191(5), (6) and (7) deal with unit development.

Copy of title may be entered instead of memorial

             (4)  It is a sufficient compliance with the requirements of subsection (1), (2) or (3) if the Titles Administrator enters a copy of the title, petroleum special prospecting authority, notice or instrument in the relevant Register.

Date of entry to be endorsed

             (5)  The Titles Administrator must endorse on:

                     (a)  the memorial; or

                     (b)  the copy of the title, petroleum special prospecting authority, notice or instrument;

a memorandum of the date on which the memorial or copy was entered in the relevant Register.

471  Entry in Register—cessation, revocation or expiry of title

                   If an event specified in the table happens, the Titles Administrator must enter in the relevant Register a memorial of the fact.

 

Cessation of title etc.

Item

Event

1

A petroleum exploration permit or petroleum retention lease ceases to be in force over a block in relation to which a petroleum production licence is granted.

2

A petroleum exploration permit ceases to be in force over a block in relation to which a petroleum retention lease is granted.

3

A petroleum exploration permit is wholly or partly revoked.

4

A petroleum retention lease is wholly or partly revoked otherwise than under section 158.

5

A petroleum exploration permit, petroleum retention lease, petroleum production licence, petroleum special prospecting authority or petroleum access authority expires.

471A  Notation in Register—applicable datum

                   The Titles Administrator may make a notation in the relevant Register about the applicable datum for a title, petroleum special prospecting authority, notice or instrument.

Part 4.3Transfer of titles

  

472  Approval and registration of transfers

                   A transfer of a title is of no force until:

                     (a)  it has been approved by the Titles Administrator; and

                     (b)  an instrument of transfer is registered as provided by this Part.

473  Application for approval of transfer

             (1)  One of the parties to a proposed transfer of a title may apply to the Titles Administrator for approval of the transfer.

             (2)  The application must be in writing.

Note:          Section 516A requires the application to be accompanied by an application fee.

474  Documents to accompany application

                   An application for approval of a transfer must be accompanied by:

                     (a)  an instrument of transfer in the prescribed form executed by:

                              (i)  the registered holder or, if there are 2 or more registered holders, by each registered holder; and

                             (ii)  the transferee or, if there are 2 or more transferees, by each transferee; and

                     (b)  if the transferee, or one or more of the transferees, is not a registered holder or are not registered holders of the title—a document setting out:

                              (i)  the technical qualifications of that transferee or those transferees; and

                             (ii)  details of the technical advice that is or will be available to that transferee or those transferees; and

                            (iii)  details of the financial resources that are or will be available to that transferee or those transferees; and

                     (d)  in any case—a copy of the instrument referred to in paragraph (a).

476  Time limit for application

             (1)  An application for approval of a transfer must be made within:

                     (a)  90 days after the day on which the party who last executed the instrument of transfer so executed the instrument of transfer; or

                     (b)  such longer period as the Titles Administrator allows.

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may allow a longer period under paragraph (1)(b) only if there are sufficient grounds to warrant allowing the longer period.

477  Date of application to be entered in Register

                   If an application is made for approval of a transfer, the Titles Administrator:

                     (a)  must enter a memorandum in the relevant Register of the date on which the application was lodged; and

                     (b)  may make such other notation in the relevant Register as the Titles Administrator considers appropriate.

478  Approval of transfer

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an application is made for approval of a transfer.

Decision

             (2)  The Titles Administrator must:

                     (a)  approve the transfer; or

                     (b)  refuse to approve the transfer.

             (4)  The Titles Administrator must, by written notice given to the applicant, notify the applicant of the Titles Administrator’s decision.

             (5)  If the Titles Administrator refuses to approve the transfer, the Titles Administrator must make a notation of the refusal in the relevant Register.

479  Registration of transfer

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if the Titles Administrator approves the transfer of a title.

Endorsement

             (2)  The Titles Administrator must immediately endorse on:

                     (a)  the instrument of transfer; and

                     (b)  the copy of the instrument of transfer;

a memorandum of approval.

             (3)  The Titles Administrator must enter in the relevant Register a memorandum of:

                     (a)  the transfer; and

                     (b)  the name of the transferee or of each transferee.

             (4)  On the entry in the relevant Register of the memorandum:

                     (a)  the transfer is taken to be registered; and

                     (b)  the transferee becomes the registered holder, or the transferees become the registered holders, of the title.

             (5)  If the transfer is registered:

                     (a)  the copy of the instrument of transfer endorsed with the memorandum of approval must be:

                              (i)  retained by the Titles Administrator; and

                             (ii)  made available for inspection in accordance with this Chapter; and

                     (b)  the instrument of transfer endorsed with the memorandum of approval must be returned to the person who applied for approval of the transfer.

480  Instrument of transfer does not create an interest in the title

                   The mere execution of an instrument of transfer of a title creates no interest in the title.

481  Limit on effect of approval of transfers

                   The approval of a transfer of a title does not give to the transfer any force, effect or validity that the transfer would not have had if this Chapter had not been enacted.

Part 4.4Devolution of title

  

482  Application to have name entered on the Register as the holder of a title

             (1)  If the rights of the registered holder of a particular title have devolved on a person by operation of law, the person may apply to the Titles Administrator to have the person’s name entered in the relevant Register as the holder of the title.

             (2)  The application must be in writing.

483  Entry of name in the Register

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an application is made under section 482 in relation to a title.

Entry in Register

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the Titles Administrator is satisfied that the rights of the holder have devolved on the applicant by operation of law; and

                     (b)  the applicant has paid the prescribed fee;

the Titles Administrator must enter the name of the applicant in the relevant Register as the holder of the title.

             (3)  On that entry being made, the applicant becomes the registered holder of the title.

Part 4.5Change in name of company

  

484  Application to have new name entered on the Register

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a company is the registered holder of a particular title; and

                     (b)  the company has changed its name;

the company may apply to the Titles Administrator to have its new name substituted for its previous name in the relevant Register in relation to that title.

             (2)  The application must be in writing.

485  Alteration in the Register

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a company applies under section 484 to have its new name substituted for its previous name in the relevant Register in relation to a particular title.

Alteration

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the Titles Administrator is satisfied that the company has changed its name; and

                     (b)  the company has paid the prescribed fee;

the Titles Administrator must make the necessary alterations in the relevant Register.

Part 4.6Dealings relating to existing titles

  

486  Dealings to which this Part applies

                   This Part applies to a dealing (other than a transfer of a title) that would have one or more of the effects set out in the table:

 

Effects of dealings

Item

Effect

1

The creation or assignment of an interest in an existing title.

2

The creation or assignment of a right (conditional or otherwise) to the assignment of an interest in an existing title.

3

The determination of the manner in which persons may:

(a) exercise the rights conferred by an existing title; or

(b) comply with the obligations imposed by an existing title; or

(c) comply with the conditions of an existing title;

(including the exercise of those rights, or the compliance with those obligations or conditions, under cooperative arrangements to recover petroleum).

4

The creation or assignment of an interest in relation to an existing petroleum exploration permit, petroleum retention lease or petroleum production licence, where the interest is known as:

(a) an overriding royalty interest; or

(b) a production payment; or

(c) a net profits interest; or

(d) a carried interest.

5

The creation or assignment of an interest that is similar to an interest covered by item 4, where the interest relates to:

(a) petroleum produced from operations authorised by an existing petroleum exploration permit, petroleum retention lease or petroleum production licence; or

(b) revenue derived as a result of the carrying out of operations authorised by an existing petroleum exploration permit, petroleum retention lease or petroleum production licence.

6

The creation or assignment of an option (conditional or otherwise) to enter into a dealing, where the dealing would have one or more of the effects referred to in items 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5.

7

The creation or assignment of a right (conditional or otherwise) to enter into a dealing, where the dealing would have one or more of the effects referred to in items 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5.

8

The alteration or termination of a dealing, where the dealing would have one or more of the effects referred to in items 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7.

487  Approval and registration of dealings

                   A dealing is of no force, in so far as the dealing would have an effect of a kind referred to in the table in section 486 in relation to a particular title, until:

                     (a)  the Titles Administrator has approved the dealing, in so far as it relates to that title; and

                     (b)  the Titles Administrator has made an entry in the relevant Register in relation to the dealing under section 494.

488  Application for approval of dealing

             (1)  An application for approval of a dealing must be made in accordance with subsection (2) or (3).

Application—dealing relates to only one title

             (2)  If a dealing relates to only one title, a party to the dealing may apply to the Titles Administrator for approval of the dealing in so far as it relates to that title.

Application—dealing relates to 2 or more titles

             (3)  If a dealing relates to 2 or more titles, a party to the dealing may make a separate application to the Titles Administrator for approval of the dealing in so far as it relates to each title.

Written application

             (4)  An application must be in writing.

Note:          Section 516A requires the application to be accompanied by an application fee.

489  Documents to accompany application

Instrument evidencing dealing

             (1)  An application for approval of a dealing must be accompanied by:

                     (a)  the instrument evidencing the dealing; or

                     (b)  if that instrument has already been lodged with the Titles Administrator for the purposes of another application—a copy of that instrument.

Supplementary instrument

             (2)  An application for approval of a dealing may be accompanied by an instrument setting out such details (if any) as are prescribed for the purposes of an application for approval of a dealing of that kind.

             (3)  An instrument under subsection (2) is called a supplementary instrument.

          (4A)  An application for approval of the dealing must be accompanied by:

                     (b)  a copy, or an additional copy, of the instrument referred to in subsection (1); and

                     (c)  a copy of any supplementary instrument.

491  Timing of application

             (1)  An application for approval of a dealing must be made within:

                     (a)  90 days after the day on which the party who last executed the instrument evidencing the dealing so executed the instrument; or

                     (b)  such longer period as the Titles Administrator allows.

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may allow a longer period under paragraph (1)(b) only if there are sufficient grounds to warrant allowing the longer period.

             (3)  This section has effect subject to section 503.

Note:          Section 503 is about approval of a dealing that was entered into before the title came into existence.

492  Application date to be entered in Register

                   If an application is made for approval of a dealing, the Titles Administrator:

                     (a)  must enter a memorandum in the relevant Register of the date on which the application was lodged; and

                     (b)  may make such other notation in the relevant Register as the Titles Administrator considers appropriate.

493  Approval of dealing

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an application is made for approval of a dealing in so far as it relates to a particular title.

Decision

             (2)  The Titles Administrator must:

                     (a)  approve the dealing; or

                     (b)  refuse to approve the dealing;

in so far as it relates to that title.

Note:          Section 503 limits the power conferred on the Titles Administrator by this section. Section 503 is about approval of a dealing that was entered into before the title came into existence.

Notification of decision

             (4)  The Titles Administrator must, by written notice given to the applicant, notify the applicant of the Titles Administrator’s decision.

Refusal to approve dealing—notation in Register

             (5)  If the Titles Administrator refuses to approve the dealing in so far as it relates to that title, the Titles Administrator must make a notation of the refusal in the relevant Register.

494  Entry of dealing in Register

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if the Titles Administrator approves a dealing in so far as it relates to a particular title.

Endorsement

             (2)  The Titles Administrator must immediately endorse a memorandum of approval:

                     (a)  on the original instrument evidencing the dealing and on the copy of that instrument; or

                     (b)  if the original instrument was not lodged with the application for approval—on both of the copies of that instrument.

Entry in Register

             (3)  The Titles Administrator must make an entry of the approval of the dealing in the relevant Register on:

                     (a)  the memorial relating to that title; or

                     (b)  the copy of that title.

495  Retention, inspection and return of instruments

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if the Titles Administrator makes an entry of the approval of a dealing in the relevant Register.

Application accompanied by supplementary instrument

             (2)  If the application for approval of the dealing was accompanied by a supplementary instrument:

                     (a)  a copy of the supplementary instrument, endorsed with a copy of the memorandum of approval, must be:

                              (i)  retained by the Titles Administrator; and

                             (ii)  made available for inspection in accordance with this Chapter; and

                     (b)  the supplementary instrument must be returned to the person who applied for approval; and

                     (c)  a copy of the instrument evidencing the dealing must not be made available for inspection in accordance with this Chapter; and

                     (d)  the original instrument evidencing the dealing, or a copy of the original instrument, as the case requires, endorsed with a memorandum of approval, must be returned to the person who applied for approval.

Note:          For inspection, see section 515.

Application not accompanied by supplementary instrument

             (3)  If the application for approval of the dealing was not accompanied by a supplementary instrument:

                     (a)  one copy of the instrument evidencing the dealing, endorsed with a memorandum of approval, must be:

                              (i)  retained by the Titles Administrator; and

                             (ii)  made available for inspection in accordance with this Chapter; and

                     (b)  the original instrument evidencing the dealing, or a copy of the original instrument, as the case requires, endorsed with a memorandum of approval, must be returned to the person who applied for approval.

Note:          For inspection, see section 515.

Definition

             (4)  In this section:

supplementary instrument has the meaning given by subsection 489(3) or 499(3).

496  Strict compliance with application provisions not required

                   The approval of a dealing, or the making of an entry in a Register in relation to a dealing, is not made ineffective because of any failure to comply, in relation to the application for approval of the dealing, with the requirements of this Part.

497  Limit on effect of approval of dealing

                   The approval of a dealing does not give to the dealing any force, effect or validity that the dealing would not have had if this Chapter had not been enacted.

Part 4.7Dealings in future interests

  

498  Provisional application for approval of dealing

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  2 or more persons enter into a dealing relating to a title that may come into existence in the future; and

                     (b)  that dealing would, if the title came into existence, become a dealing to which Part 4.6 applies.

Provisional application—dealing relates to only one title

             (2)  If the dealing relates to only one title that may come into existence in the future, a party to the dealing may make a provisional application to the Titles Administrator for approval of the dealing.

Provisional application—dealing relates to 2 or more titles

             (3)  If the dealing relates to 2 or more titles that may come into existence in the future, a party to the dealing may make a separate provisional application to the Titles Administrator for approval of the dealing in relation to each title that may come into existence in the future.

Written provisional application

             (4)  A provisional application must be in writing.

Note:          Section 516A requires the provisional application to be accompanied by an application fee.

499  Documents to accompany provisional application

Instrument evidencing dealing

             (1)  A provisional application for approval of a dealing must be accompanied by:

                     (a)  the instrument evidencing the dealing; or

                     (b)  if that instrument has already been lodged with the Titles Administrator for the purposes of another provisional application—a copy of that instrument.

Supplementary instrument

             (2)  A provisional application for approval of a dealing may be accompanied by an instrument setting out such details (if any) as are prescribed for the purposes of a provisional application for approval of a dealing of that kind.

             (3)  An instrument under subsection (2) is called a supplementary instrument.

          (4A)  A provisional application for approval of the dealing must be accompanied by:

                     (b)  a copy, or an additional copy, of the instrument referred to in subsection (1); and

                     (c)  a copy of any supplementary instrument.

501  Timing of provisional application

                   A provisional application must be made within the period worked out using the table:

 

Period for making a provisional application

Item

In this case...

the period begins on...

and ends on...

1

a provisional application for approval of a dealing relating to any of the following titles that may come into existence in the future:

(a) a petroleum exploration permit;

(b) a petroleum retention lease;

(c) a petroleum production licence;

(d) an infrastructure licence;

(e) a pipeline licence

the day on which an offer document that relates to the application for the title is given to the applicant for the title

the day on which the title comes into existence.

2

a provisional application for approval of a dealing relating to a petroleum access authority that may come into existence in the future

the day on which the application for the grant of the petroleum access authority is made

the day on which the petroleum access authority comes into existence.

502  Provisional application to be treated as an application under section 488 when title comes into existence

                   If:

                     (a)  a provisional application is made for approval of a dealing; and

                     (b)  the title to which the dealing relates comes into existence; and

                     (c)  on that title coming into existence, the dealing becomes a dealing to which Part 4.6 applies;

the provisional application is to be treated as if it were an application made under section 488 on the day on which that title came into existence.

503  Limit on approval of dealing

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  Part 4.6 applies to a dealing relating to a title; and

                     (b)  immediately before the title came into existence, the dealing was a dealing referred to in subsection 498(1);

the Titles Administrator may approve the dealing under section 493 only if:

                     (c)  a provisional application for approval of the dealing was made under section 498; or

                     (d)  an application for approval of the dealing was made under section 488 within:

                              (i)  90 days after the day on which the title came into existence; or

                             (ii)  such longer period as the Titles Administrator allows.

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may allow a longer period under subparagraph (1)(d)(ii) only if there are sufficient grounds to warrant allowing the longer period.

Part 4.8Correction and rectification of Register

  

504  Corrections of clerical errors or obvious defects

                   The Titles Administrator may alter a Register for the purposes of correcting a clerical error or an obvious defect in the Register.

505  General power of correction of Register

Power of correction

             (1)  The Titles Administrator may make such entries in a Register as the Titles Administrator considers appropriate for the purposes of ensuring that the Register accurately records the interests and rights existing in relation to a title.

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may exercise the power conferred by subsection (1):

                     (a)  on written application being made to the Titles Administrator by a person; or

                     (b)  on the Titles Administrator’s own initiative.

Consultation

             (3)  Before the Titles Administrator makes an entry in a Register under subsection (1), the Titles Administrator must cause to be published in the Gazette a notice:

                     (a)  setting out the terms of the entry that the Titles Administrator proposes to make in the Register; and

                     (b)  inviting interested persons to give the Titles Administrator written submissions about the making of the entry; and

                     (c)  specifying a time limit for the making of those submissions.

             (4)  The time limit must not be shorter than 45 days after the publication of the notice.

             (5)  In deciding whether to make the entry in the Register, the Titles Administrator must take into account any submissions made in accordance with the notice.

Gazettal of terms of entry

             (6)  If the Titles Administrator makes an entry in a Register under subsection (1), the Titles Administrator must cause to be published in the Gazette a notice setting out the terms of the entry.

506  Rectification of Register

Application for rectification

             (1)  If a person is aggrieved by any of the following:

                     (a)  the omission of an entry from a Register;

                     (b)  an entry made in a Register without sufficient cause;

                     (c)  an entry wrongly existing in a Register;

                     (d)  an error or defect in an entry in a Register;

the person may apply to:

                     (e)  the Federal Court; or

                      (f)  the Supreme Court of, or having jurisdiction in, the State or Territory to which the relevant offshore area relates;

for the rectification of the Register.

Court orders

             (2)  If an application is made under subsection (1) to a court for the rectification of a Register, the court may make such order as it thinks fit directing the rectification of the Register.

             (3)  In proceedings under this section, the court may decide any question that it is necessary or expedient to decide in connection with the rectification of the Register.

Appearance of Titles Administrator

             (4)  Notice of an application under this section must be given to the Titles Administrator concerned, who:

                     (a)  may appear and be heard; and

                     (b)  must appear if so directed by the court.

Copy of order to be given to Titles Administrator

             (5)  An office copy of an order made by the court may be given to the Titles Administrator.

Compliance with order

             (6)  The Titles Administrator must, on receipt of the order, rectify the Register accordingly.

Principal Northern Territory offshore area and Eastern Greater Sunrise offshore area

             (7)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(f):

                     (a)  the Principal Northern Territory offshore area; and

                     (b)  the Eastern Greater Sunrise offshore area;

are taken to relate to the Northern Territory.

Part 4.9Information‑gathering powers

  

507  Titles Administrator may obtain information from applicants

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  an application for approval of the transfer of a title is made under section 473; or

                     (b)  an application is made under section 482 or 484 in relation to a title; or

                     (c)  an application for approval of a dealing is made under section 488; or

                     (d)  a provisional application for approval of a dealing is made under section 498; or

                     (e)  an application is made under section 505 in relation to a title.

Requirement to give information

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may, by written notice given to the applicant, require the applicant to give the Titles Administrator, within the period and in the manner specified in the notice, such information about the matter to which the application relates as the Titles Administrator considers necessary or advisable.

             (3)  A period specified under subsection (2) must not be shorter than 14 days after the notice is given.

Offences

             (4)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person has been given a notice under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission contravenes a requirement in the notice.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (5)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the Titles Administrator requires the person to give information under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person gives information; and

                     (c)  the person does so knowing that the information is false or misleading in a material particular.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Civil penalty

          (5A)  A person is liable to a civil penalty if the person contravenes a requirement in a notice under subsection (2).

Civil penalty:          90 penalty units.

Continuing offences and continuing contraventions of civil penalty provisions

          (5B)  The maximum penalty for each day that an offence under subsection (4) continues is 10% of the maximum penalty that can be imposed in respect of that offence.

Note:          Subsection (4) is a continuing offence under section 4K of the Crimes Act 1914.

          (5C)  The maximum civil penalty for each day that a contravention of subsection (5A) continues is 10% of the maximum civil penalty that can be imposed in respect of that contravention.

Note:          Subsection (5A) is a continuing civil penalty provision under section 93 of the Regulatory Powers Act.

Notice to set out the effect of offence and civil penalty provisions

             (6)  A notice under subsection (2) must set out the effect of the following provisions:

                     (a)  subsection (4);

                     (b)  subsection (5);

                     (c)  subsection (5A);

                     (d)  subsection (5B);

                     (e)  subsection (5C).

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both subsection (5) of this section and section 137.1 of the Criminal Code.

508  Titles Administrator may obtain information from a party to an approved dealing

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a person is a party to a dealing relating to a title; and

                     (b)  the dealing has been approved under section 493.

Requirement to give information

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may, by written notice given to the person, require the person to give to the Titles Administrator, within the period and in the manner specified in the notice, such information about alterations in the interests or rights existing in relation to the title as the Titles Administrator considers necessary or advisable.

             (3)  A period specified under subsection (2) must not be shorter than 14 days after the notice is given.

Offences

             (4)  A person commits an offence of strict liability if:

                     (a)  the person has been given a notice under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission contravenes a requirement in the notice.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (5)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the Titles Administrator requires the person to give information under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person gives information; and

                     (c)  the person does so knowing that the information is false or misleading in a material particular.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Civil penalty

          (5A)  A person is liable to a civil penalty if the person contravenes a requirement in a notice under subsection (2).

Civil penalty:          90 penalty units.

Continuing offences and continuing contraventions of civil penalty provisions

          (5B)  The maximum penalty for each day that an offence under subsection (4) continues is 10% of the maximum penalty that can be imposed in respect of that offence.

Note:          Subsection (4) is a continuing offence under section 4K of the Crimes Act 1914.

          (5C)  The maximum civil penalty for each day that a contravention of subsection (5A) continues is 10% of the maximum civil penalty that can be imposed in respect of that contravention.

Note:          Subsection (5A) is a continuing civil penalty provision under section 93 of the Regulatory Powers Act.

Notice to set out the effect of offence and civil penalty provisions

             (6)  A notice under subsection (2) must set out the effect of the following provisions:

                     (a)  subsection (4);

                     (b)  subsection (5);

                     (c)  subsection (5A);

                     (d)  subsection (5B);

                     (e)  subsection (5C).

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both subsection (5) of this section and section 137.1 of the Criminal Code.

509  Production and inspection of documents

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if the Titles Administrator has reason to believe that a document:

                     (a)  is in the possession or under the control of a person; and

                     (b)  relates to:

                              (i)  a transfer or dealing for which approval is sought under this Chapter; or

                             (ii)  an application under section 482, 484 or 505.

Requirement

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may, by written notice given to the person, require the person:

                     (a)  to produce the document to the Titles Administrator, within the period and in the manner specified in the notice; or

                     (b)  to make the document available for inspection by or on behalf of the Titles Administrator.

             (3)  A period specified under subsection (2) must not be shorter than 14 days after the notice is given.

Offences

             (4)  A person commits an offence of strict liability if:

                     (a)  the person has been given a notice under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission contravenes a requirement in the notice.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (6)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person has been given a notice under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person:

                              (i)  produces a document to the Titles Administrator; or

                             (ii)  makes a document available for inspection by or on behalf of the Titles Administrator; and

                     (c)  the person does so knowing that the document is false or misleading in a material particular; and

                     (d)  the document is produced or made available in compliance or purported compliance with the notice.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Civil penalty

          (6A)  A person is liable to a civil penalty if the person contravenes a requirement in a notice under subsection (2).

Civil penalty:          90 penalty units.

Continuing offences and continuing contraventions of civil penalty provisions

          (6B)  The maximum penalty for each day that an offence under subsection (4) continues is 10% of the maximum penalty that can be imposed in respect of that offence.

Note:          Subsection (4) is a continuing offence under section 4K of the Crimes Act 1914.

          (6C)  The maximum civil penalty for each day that a contravention of subsection (6A) continues is 10% of the maximum civil penalty that can be imposed in respect of that contravention.

Note:          Subsection (6A) is a continuing civil penalty provision under section 93 of the Regulatory Powers Act.

Notice to set out the effect of offence and civil penalty provisions

             (7)  A notice under subsection (2) must set out the effect of the following provisions:

                     (a)  subsection (4);

                     (b)  subsection (6);

                     (c)  subsection (6A);

                     (d)  subsection (6B);

                     (e)  subsection (6C).

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both subsection (6) of this section and section 137.2 of the Criminal Code.

510  Titles Administrator may retain documents

             (1)  The Titles Administrator may take possession of a document produced under section 509, and retain it for as long as is necessary.

             (2)  The person otherwise entitled to possession of the document is entitled to be supplied, as soon as practicable, with a copy certified by the Titles Administrator to be a true copy.

             (3)  The certified copy must be received in all courts and tribunals as evidence as if it were the original.

             (4)  Until a certified copy is supplied, the Titles Administrator must provide the person otherwise entitled to possession of the document, or a person authorised by that person, reasonable access to the document for the purposes of inspecting and making copies of, or taking extracts from, the document.

Part 4.10Other provisions

  

511  Titles Administrator etc. not concerned with the effect of instrument lodged under this Chapter

                   None of the following is concerned with the effect in law of an instrument lodged under this Chapter:

                     (a)  the Joint Authority;

                     (b)  the Titles Administrator;

                     (c)  a person acting under the direction or authority of the Joint Authority or the Titles Administrator.

513  Making a false entry in a Register

                   A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person:

                              (i)  makes an entry in a Register; or

                             (ii)  causes an entry to be made in a Register; or

                            (iii)  concurs in the making of an entry in a Register; and

                     (b)  the person does so knowing that the entry is false.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both this section and section 145.4 of the Criminal Code.

514  Falsified documents

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person produces or tenders in evidence a document; and

                     (b)  the document falsely purports to be:

                              (i)  a copy of or extract from an entry in a Register; or

                             (ii)  a copy of or extract from an instrument given to the Titles Administrator under this Chapter.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both this section and section 137.2 of the Criminal Code.

             (2)  An offence against subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

515  Inspection of Register and instruments

Inspection of Register

             (1)  The Titles Administrator must ensure that each Register is open for inspection, at all convenient times, by any person on payment of a fee calculated under the regulations.

Instruments

             (2)  The Titles Administrator must ensure that all instruments, or copies of instruments, subject to inspection under this Chapter are open for inspection, at all convenient times, by any person on payment of a fee calculated under the regulations.

516  Evidentiary provisions

Register

             (1)  A Register is to be received in all courts and proceedings as prima facie evidence of all matters required or authorised by this Chapter to be entered in the Register.

Certified copies and extracts

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may, on payment of a fee calculated under the regulations, supply:

                     (a)  a copy of or extract from a Register; or

                     (b)  a copy of or extract from any instrument lodged with the Titles Administrator under this Chapter;

certified by the Titles Administrator to be a true copy or true extract, as the case may be.

             (3)  The certified copy or extract is admissible in evidence in all courts and proceedings without further proof or production of the original.

Evidentiary certificate

             (4)  The Titles Administrator may, on payment of a fee calculated under the regulations, issue a written certificate:

                     (a)  stating that an entry, matter or thing required or permitted by or under this Chapter to be made or done:

                              (i)  has been made or done; or

                             (ii)  has not been made or done; or

                     (b)  stating that an entry, matter or thing required by or under this Chapter not to be made or done:

                              (i)  has not been made or done; or

                             (ii)  has been made or done.

             (5)  The certificate is to be received in all courts and proceedings as prima facie evidence of the statements in the certificate.

Criminal proceedings—copy of certificate to be given to defendant 14 days before certificate admitted in evidence

             (6)  A certificate must not be admitted in evidence under subsection (5) in proceedings for an offence unless:

                     (a)  the person charged with the offence; or

                     (b)  a barrister or solicitor who has appeared for the person in those proceedings;

has, at least 14 days before the certificate is sought to be so admitted, been given a copy of the certificate together with notice of the intention to produce the certificate as evidence in the proceedings.

Person signing the certificate may be called to give evidence

             (7)  If, under subsection (5), a certificate is admitted in evidence in proceedings for an offence, the person charged with the offence may require the person who signed the certificate to be:

                     (a)  called as a witness for the prosecution; and

                     (b)  cross‑examined as if the person who signed the certificate had given evidence of the matters stated in the certificate.

             (8)  However, subsection (7) does not entitle the person charged to require the person who signed the certificate to be called as a witness for the prosecution unless:

                     (a)  the prosecutor has been given at least 4 days notice of the person’s intention to require the person who signed the certificate to be so called; or

                     (b)  the court, by order, allows the person charged to require the person who signed the certificate to be so called.

Evidence in support, or in rebuttal, of matters in certificate to be considered on its merits

             (9)  Any evidence given in support, or in rebuttal, of a matter stated in a certificate issued under subsection (4) must be considered on its merits, and the credibility and probative value of such evidence must be neither increased nor diminished by reason of this section.

516A  Application fee

             (1)  An eligible application must be accompanied by the fee (if any) prescribed by the regulations.

Note:          For eligible application, see subsection (4).

             (2)  Different fees may be prescribed for different eligible applications.

             (3)  A fee must not be such as to amount to taxation.

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, each of the following is an eligible application:

                     (a)  an application for the approval of the transfer of a title;

                     (b)  an application for the approval of a dealing (other than an application covered by section 502);

                     (c)  a provisional application for the approval of a dealing.

Chapter 5Registration of transfers of, and dealings in, greenhouse gas titles

Part 5.1Introduction

  

518  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Chapter:

•      The Titles Administrator must keep a Register of greenhouse gas titles and greenhouse gas search authorities.

•      A transfer of a greenhouse gas title must be approved by the Titles Administrator, and an instrument of transfer must be registered under this Part.

•      A dealing in a greenhouse gas title must be approved by the Titles Administrator, and the approval must be entered in the Register.

519  Definitions

                   In this Chapter:

Register means the Register kept under section 521.

title means:

                     (a)  a greenhouse gas assessment permit; or

                     (b)  a greenhouse gas holding lease; or

                     (c)  a greenhouse gas injection licence; or

                     (d)  a greenhouse gas special authority.

520  Dealing—series of debentures

                   For the purposes of this Chapter, if a dealing forms a part of the issue of a series of debentures, all of the dealings constituting the issue of that series of debentures are taken to be one dealing.

Part 5.2Register of titles and greenhouse gas search authorities

  

521  Register to be kept

                   The Titles Administrator must keep a Register of:

                     (a)  titles; and

                     (b)  greenhouse gas search authorities.

522  Entries in Register—general

Memorial

             (1)  The Titles Administrator must enter in the Register a memorial for each title and greenhouse gas search authority.

             (2)  The memorial must comply with the table:

 

Content of memorial

Item

In the case of...

the memorial must...

1

a title or greenhouse gas search authority

specify the name of the holder of the title.

2

a greenhouse gas assessment permit, greenhouse gas holding lease, greenhouse gas injection licence, greenhouse gas search authority or greenhouse gas special authority

set out an accurate description (including, where convenient, a map) of the permit area, lease area, licence area or authority area.

3

a title or greenhouse gas search authority

specify the term of the title or greenhouse gas search authority.

4

a title or greenhouse gas search authority

set out such other matters and things as are required by this Act to be entered in the Register.

5

a title or greenhouse gas search authority

set out such further matters relating to the registered holder, or to the conditions of the title or greenhouse gas search authority, as the Titles Administrator thinks proper and expedient in the public interest.

             (3)  The Titles Administrator must enter in the Register a memorial of:

                     (a)  a notice or instrument:

                              (i)  varying; or

                             (ii)  cancelling; or

                            (iii)  surrendering (to any extent); or

                            (iv)  otherwise affecting;

                            a title or greenhouse gas search authority; or

                     (b)  a notice or instrument varying or revoking a notice or instrument referred to in paragraph (a).

Note:          Subparagraph (a)(iv) would cover, for example, a notice revoking a greenhouse gas special authority.

Copy of title may be entered instead of memorial

             (4)  It is a sufficient compliance with the requirements of subsection (1), (2) or (3) if the Titles Administrator enters a copy of the title, greenhouse gas search authority, notice or instrument in the Register.

Date of entry to be endorsed

             (5)  The Titles Administrator must endorse on:

                     (a)  the memorial; or

                     (b)  the copy of the title, greenhouse gas search authority, notice or instrument;

a memorandum of the date on which the memorial or copy was entered in the Register.

523  Entry in Register—cessation or expiry of title

                   If an event specified in the table happens, the Titles Administrator must enter in the Register a memorial of the fact.

 

Cessation of title etc.

Item

Event

1

A greenhouse gas assessment permit or greenhouse gas holding lease ceases to be in force over a block in relation to which a greenhouse gas injection licence is granted.

2

A greenhouse gas assessment permit ceases to be in force over a block in relation to which a greenhouse gas holding lease (other than a special greenhouse gas holding lease) is granted.

3

A greenhouse gas assessment permit or a greenhouse gas holding lease (other than a special greenhouse gas holding lease) ceases to be in force over a block in relation to which a special greenhouse gas holding lease is granted.

4

A greenhouse gas injection licence ceases to be in force over a block in relation to which a greenhouse gas holding lease is granted.

5

A greenhouse gas assessment permit, greenhouse gas holding lease (other than a special greenhouse gas holding lease), greenhouse gas search authority or greenhouse gas special authority expires.

523A  Notation in Register—applicable datum

                   The Titles Administrator may make a notation in the Register about the applicable datum for a title, greenhouse gas search authority, notice or instrument.

Part 5.3Transfer of titles

  

524  Approval and registration of transfers

                   A transfer of a title is of no force until:

                     (a)  it has been approved by the Titles Administrator; and

                     (b)  an instrument of transfer is registered as provided by this Part.

525  Application for approval of transfer

             (1)  One of the parties to a proposed transfer of a title may apply to the Titles Administrator for approval of the transfer.

             (2)  The application must be in writing.

Note:          Section 565A requires the application to be accompanied by an application fee.

526  Documents to accompany application

                   An application for approval of a transfer must be accompanied by:

                     (a)  an instrument of transfer in the prescribed form executed by:

                              (i)  the registered holder or, if there are 2 or more registered holders, by each registered holder; and

                             (ii)  the transferee or, if there are 2 or more transferees, by each transferee; and

                     (b)  if the transferee, or one or more of the transferees, is not a registered holder or are not registered holders of the title—a document setting out:

                              (i)  the technical qualifications of that transferee or those transferees; and

                             (ii)  details of the technical advice that is or will be available to that transferee or those transferees; and

                            (iii)  details of the financial resources that are or will be available to that transferee or those transferees; and

                     (c)  a copy of each of the following:

                              (i)  the application;

                             (ii)  the instrument referred to in paragraph (a);

                            (iii)  the document referred to in paragraph (b).

527  Time limit for application

             (1)  An application for approval of a transfer must be made within:

                     (a)  90 days after the day on which the party who last executed the instrument of transfer so executed the instrument of transfer; or

                     (b)  such longer period as the Titles Administrator allows.

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may allow a longer period under paragraph (1)(b) only if there are sufficient grounds to warrant allowing the longer period.

528  Date of application to be entered in Register

                   If an application is made for approval of a transfer, the Titles Administrator:

                     (a)  must enter a memorandum in the Register of the date on which the application was lodged; and

                     (b)  may make such other notation in the Register as the Titles Administrator considers appropriate.

529  Approval of transfer

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an application is made for approval of a transfer.

Decision

             (2)  The Titles Administrator must:

                     (a)  approve the transfer; or

                     (b)  refuse to approve the transfer.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  the application is for approval of a transfer of a greenhouse gas holding lease or a greenhouse gas injection licence; and

                     (b)  the greenhouse gas holding lease or the greenhouse gas injection licence is tied to a petroleum retention lease;

the Titles Administrator must not approve the transfer of the greenhouse gas holding lease or the greenhouse gas injection licence unless:

                     (c)  a transfer of the petroleum retention lease has been approved by the Titles Administrator under section 478; and

                     (d)  the transfer of the petroleum retention lease is registered under section 479; and

                     (e)  both:

                              (i)  the instrument of transfer of the petroleum retention lease; and

                             (ii)  the instrument of transfer of the greenhouse gas holding lease or greenhouse gas injection licence;

                            were executed at or about the same time; and

                      (f)  the transferee or transferees of the petroleum retention lease are the same as the transferee or transferees of the greenhouse gas holding lease or greenhouse gas injection licence.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the application is for approval of a transfer of a greenhouse gas holding lease or a greenhouse gas injection licence; and

                     (b)  the greenhouse gas holding lease or the greenhouse gas injection licence is tied to a petroleum production licence;

the Titles Administrator must not approve the transfer of the greenhouse gas holding lease or the greenhouse gas injection licence unless:

                     (c)  a transfer of the petroleum production licence has been approved by the Titles Administrator under section 478; and

                     (d)  the transfer of the petroleum production licence is registered under section 479; and

                     (e)  both:

                              (i)  the instrument of transfer of the petroleum production licence; and

                             (ii)  the instrument of transfer of the greenhouse gas holding lease or greenhouse gas injection licence;

                            were executed at or about the same time; and

                      (f)  the transferee or transferees of the petroleum production licence are the same as the transferee or transferees of the greenhouse gas holding lease or greenhouse gas injection licence.

             (5)  The Titles Administrator must, by written notice given to the applicant, notify the applicant of the Titles Administrator’s decision.

             (6)  If the Titles Administrator refuses to approve the transfer, the Titles Administrator must make a notation of the refusal in the Register.

530  Registration of transfer

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if the Titles Administrator approves the transfer of a title.

Endorsement

             (2)  The Titles Administrator must immediately endorse on:

                     (a)  the instrument of transfer; and

                     (b)  the copy of the instrument of transfer;

a memorandum of approval.

             (3)  The Titles Administrator must enter in the Register a memorandum of:

                     (a)  the transfer; and

                     (b)  the name of the transferee or of each transferee.

             (4)  On the entry in the Register of the memorandum:

                     (a)  the transfer is taken to be registered; and

                     (b)  the transferee becomes the registered holder, or the transferees become the registered holders, of the title.

             (5)  If the transfer is registered:

                     (a)  the copy of the instrument of transfer endorsed with the memorandum of approval must be:

                              (i)  retained by the Titles Administrator; and

                             (ii)  made available for inspection in accordance with this Chapter; and

                     (b)  the instrument of transfer endorsed with the memorandum of approval must be returned to the person who applied for approval of the transfer.

531  Instrument of transfer does not create an interest in the title

                   The mere execution of an instrument of transfer of a title creates no interest in the title.

532  Limit on effect of approval of transfers

                   The approval of a transfer of a title does not give to the transfer any force, effect or validity that the transfer would not have had if this Chapter had not been enacted.

Part 5.4Devolution of title

  

533  Application to have name entered on the Register as the holder of a title

             (1)  If the rights of the registered holder of a particular title have devolved on a person by operation of law, the person may apply to the Titles Administrator to have the person’s name entered in the Register as the holder of the title.

             (2)  The application must be in writing.

534  Entry of name in the Register

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an application is made under section 533 in relation to a title.

Entry in Register

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the Titles Administrator is satisfied that the rights of the holder have devolved on the applicant by operation of law; and

                     (b)  the applicant has paid the prescribed fee;

the Titles Administrator must enter the name of the applicant in the Register as the holder of the title.

             (3)  On that entry being made, the applicant becomes the registered holder of the title.

Part 5.5Change in name of company

  

535  Application to have new name entered on the Register

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a company is the registered holder of a particular title; and

                     (b)  the company has changed its name;

the company may apply to the Titles Administrator to have its new name substituted for its previous name in the Register in relation to that title.

             (2)  The application must be in writing.

536  Alteration in the Register

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a company applies under section 535 to have its new name substituted for its previous name in the Register in relation to a particular title.

Alteration

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the Titles Administrator is satisfied that the company has changed its name; and

                     (b)  the company has paid the prescribed fee;

the Titles Administrator must make the necessary alterations in the Register.

Part 5.6Dealings relating to existing titles

  

537  Dealings to which this Part applies

                   This Part applies to a dealing (other than a transfer of a title) that would have one or more of the effects set out in the table:

 

Effects of dealings

Item

Effect

1

The creation or assignment of an interest in an existing title.

2

The creation or assignment of a right (conditional or otherwise) to the assignment of an interest in an existing title.

3

The determination of the manner in which persons may:

(a) exercise the rights conferred by an existing title; or

(b) comply with the obligations imposed by an existing title; or

(c) comply with the conditions of an existing title;

(including the exercise of those rights, or the compliance with those obligations or conditions, under cooperative arrangements to inject or store greenhouse gas substances).

4

The creation or assignment of an interest in relation to an existing greenhouse gas assessment permit, existing greenhouse gas holding lease or existing greenhouse gas injection licence, where the interest relates to:

(a) a greenhouse gas substance injected or stored under the permit, lease or licence; or

(b) revenue derived as a result of the carrying out of operations authorised by the permit, lease or licence; or

(c) profits derived as a result of the carrying out of operations authorised by the permit, lease or licence; or

(d) a matter specified in the regulations.

5

The creation or assignment of an option (conditional or otherwise) to enter into a dealing, where the dealing would have one or more of the effects referred to in items 1, 2, 3 and 4.

6

The creation or assignment of a right (conditional or otherwise) to enter into a dealing, where the dealing would have one or more of the effects referred to in items 1, 2, 3 and 4.

7

The alteration or termination of a dealing, where the dealing would have one or more of the effects referred to in items 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6.

538  Approval and registration of dealings

                   A dealing is of no force, in so far as the dealing would have an effect of a kind referred to in the table in section 537 in relation to a particular title, until:

                     (a)  the Titles Administrator has approved the dealing, in so far as it relates to that title; and

                     (b)  the Titles Administrator has made an entry in the Register in relation to the dealing under section 544.

539  Application for approval of dealing

             (1)  An application for approval of a dealing must be made in accordance with subsection (2) or (3).

Application—dealing relates to only one title

             (2)  If a dealing relates to only one title, a party to the dealing may apply to the Titles Administrator for approval of the dealing in so far as it relates to that title.

Application—dealing relates to 2 or more titles

             (3)  If a dealing relates to 2 or more titles, a party to the dealing may make a separate application to the Titles Administrator for approval of the dealing in so far as it relates to each title.

Written application

             (4)  An application must be in writing.

Note:          Section 565A requires the application to be accompanied by an application fee.

540  Documents to accompany application

Instrument evidencing dealing

             (1)  An application for approval of a dealing must be accompanied by:

                     (a)  the instrument evidencing the dealing; or

                     (b)  if that instrument has already been lodged with the Titles Administrator for the purposes of another application—a copy of that instrument.

Supplementary instrument

             (2)  An application for approval of a dealing may be accompanied by an instrument setting out such details (if any) as are prescribed for the purposes of an application for approval of a dealing of that kind.

             (3)  An instrument under subsection (2) is called a supplementary instrument.

Copies

             (4)  An application for approval of a dealing must be accompanied by:

                     (a)  a copy of the application; and

                     (b)  a copy, or an additional copy, of the instrument referred to in subsection (1); and

                     (c)  a copy of any supplementary instrument.

541  Timing of application

             (1)  An application for approval of a dealing must be made within:

                     (a)  90 days after the day on which the party who last executed the instrument evidencing the dealing so executed the instrument; or

                     (b)  such longer period as the Titles Administrator allows.

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may allow a longer period under paragraph (1)(b) only if there are sufficient grounds to warrant allowing the longer period.

             (3)  This section has effect subject to section 552.

Note:          Section 552 is about approval of a dealing that was entered into before the title came into existence.

542  Application date to be entered in Register

                   If an application is made for approval of a dealing, the Titles Administrator:

                     (a)  must enter a memorandum in the Register of the date on which the application was lodged; and

                     (b)  may make such other notation in the Register as the Titles Administrator considers appropriate.

543  Approval of dealing

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an application is made for approval of a dealing in so far as it relates to a particular title.

Decision

             (2)  The Titles Administrator must:

                     (a)  approve the dealing; or

                     (b)  refuse to approve the dealing;

in so far as it relates to that title.

Note:          Section 552 limits the power conferred on the Titles Administrator by this section. Section 552 is about approval of a dealing that was entered into before the title came into existence.

Notification of decision

             (3)  The Titles Administrator must, by written notice given to the applicant, notify the applicant of the Titles Administrator’s decision.

Refusal to approve dealing—notation in Register

             (4)  If the Titles Administrator refuses to approve the dealing in so far as it relates to that title, the Titles Administrator must make a notation of the refusal in the Register.

544  Entry of dealing in Register

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if the Titles Administrator approves a dealing in so far as it relates to a particular title.

Endorsement

             (2)  The Titles Administrator must immediately endorse a memorandum of approval:

                     (a)  on the original instrument evidencing the dealing and on the copy of that instrument; or

                     (b)  if the original instrument was not lodged with the application for approval—on both of the copies of that instrument.

Entry in Register

             (3)  The Titles Administrator must make an entry of the approval of the dealing in the Register on:

                     (a)  the memorial relating to that title; or

                     (b)  the copy of that title.

545  Retention, inspection and return of instruments

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if the Titles Administrator makes an entry of the approval of a dealing in the Register.

Application accompanied by supplementary instrument

             (2)  If the application for approval of the dealing was accompanied by a supplementary instrument:

                     (a)  a copy of the supplementary instrument, endorsed with a copy of the memorandum of approval, must be:

                              (i)  retained by the Titles Administrator; and

                             (ii)  made available for inspection in accordance with this Chapter; and

                     (b)  the supplementary instrument must be returned to the person who applied for approval; and

                     (c)  a copy of the instrument evidencing the dealing must not be made available for inspection in accordance with this Chapter; and

                     (d)  the original instrument evidencing the dealing, or a copy of the original instrument, as the case requires, endorsed with a memorandum of approval, must be returned to the person who applied for approval.

Note:          For inspection, see section 564.

Application not accompanied by supplementary instrument

             (3)  If the application for approval of the dealing was not accompanied by a supplementary instrument:

                     (a)  one copy of the instrument evidencing the dealing, endorsed with a memorandum of approval, must be:

                              (i)  retained by the Titles Administrator; and

                             (ii)  made available for inspection in accordance with this Chapter; and

                     (b)  the original instrument evidencing the dealing, or a copy of the original instrument, as the case requires, endorsed with a memorandum of approval, must be returned to the person who applied for approval.

Note:          For inspection, see section 564.

Definition

             (4)  In this section:

supplementary instrument has the meaning given by subsection 540(3) or 549(3).

546  Strict compliance with application provisions not required

                   The approval of a dealing, or the making of an entry in the Register in relation to a dealing, is not made ineffective because of any failure to comply, in relation to the application for approval of the dealing, with the requirements of this Part.

547  Limit on effect of approval of dealing

                   The approval of a dealing does not give to the dealing any force, effect or validity that the dealing would not have had if this Chapter had not been enacted.

Part 5.7Dealings in future interests

  

548  Provisional application for approval of dealing

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  2 or more persons enter into a dealing relating to a title that may come into existence in the future; and

                     (b)  that dealing would, if the title came into existence, become a dealing to which Part 5.6 applies.

Provisional application—dealing relates to only one title

             (2)  If the dealing relates to only one title that may come into existence in the future, a party to the dealing may make a provisional application to the Titles Administrator for approval of the dealing.

Provisional application—dealing relates to 2 or more titles

             (3)  If the dealing relates to 2 or more titles that may come into existence in the future, a party to the dealing may make a separate provisional application to the Titles Administrator for approval of the dealing in relation to each title that may come into existence in the future.

Written provisional application

             (4)  A provisional application must be in writing.

Note:          Section 565A requires the provisional application to be accompanied by an application fee.

549  Documents to accompany provisional application

Instrument evidencing dealing

             (1)  A provisional application for approval of a dealing must be accompanied by:

                     (a)  the instrument evidencing the dealing; or

                     (b)  if that instrument has already been lodged with the Titles Administrator for the purposes of another provisional application—a copy of that instrument.

Supplementary instrument

             (2)  A provisional application for approval of a dealing may be accompanied by an instrument setting out such details (if any) as are prescribed for the purposes of a provisional application for approval of a dealing of that kind.

             (3)  An instrument under subsection (2) is called a supplementary instrument.

Copies

             (4)  A provisional application for approval of a dealing must be accompanied by:

                     (a)  a copy of the provisional application; and

                     (b)  a copy, or an additional copy, of the instrument referred to in subsection (1); and

                     (c)  a copy of any supplementary instrument.

550  Timing of provisional application

                   A provisional application must be made within the period worked out using the table:

 

Period for making a provisional application

Item

In this case...

the period begins on...

and ends on...

1

a provisional application for approval of a dealing relating to any of the following titles that may come into existence in the future:

(a) a greenhouse gas assessment permit;

(b) a greenhouse gas holding lease;

(c) a greenhouse gas injection licence

the day on which an offer document that relates to the application for the title is given to the applicant for the title

the day on which the title comes into existence.

2

a provisional application for approval of a dealing relating to a greenhouse gas special authority that may come into existence in the future

the day on which the application for the grant of the greenhouse gas special authority is made

the day on which the greenhouse gas special authority comes into existence.

551  Provisional application to be treated as an application under section 539 when title comes into existence

                   If:

                     (a)  a provisional application is made for approval of a dealing; and

                     (b)  the title to which the dealing relates comes into existence; and

                     (c)  on that title coming into existence, the dealing becomes a dealing to which Part 5.6 applies;

the provisional application is to be treated as if it were an application made under section 539 on the day on which that title came into existence.

552  Limit on approval of dealing

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  Part 5.6 applies to a dealing relating to a title; and

                     (b)  immediately before the title came into existence, the dealing was a dealing referred to in subsection 548(1);

the Titles Administrator may approve the dealing under section 543 only if:

                     (c)  a provisional application for approval of the dealing was made under section 548; or

                     (d)  an application for approval of the dealing was made under section 539 within:

                              (i)  90 days after the day on which the title came into existence; or

                             (ii)  such longer period as the Titles Administrator allows.

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may allow a longer period under subparagraph (1)(d)(ii) only if there are sufficient grounds to warrant allowing the longer period.

Part 5.8Correction and rectification of Register

  

553  Corrections of clerical errors or obvious defects

                   The Titles Administrator may alter the Register for the purposes of correcting a clerical error or an obvious defect in the Register.

554  General power of correction of Register

Power of correction

             (1)  The Titles Administrator may make such entries in the Register as the Titles Administrator considers appropriate for the purposes of ensuring that the Register accurately records the interests and rights existing in relation to a title.

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may exercise the power conferred by subsection (1):

                     (a)  on written application being made to the Titles Administrator by a person; or

                     (b)  on the Titles Administrator’s own initiative.

Consultation

             (3)  Before the Titles Administrator makes an entry in the Register under subsection (1), the Titles Administrator must cause to be published in the Gazette a notice:

                     (a)  setting out the terms of the entry that the Titles Administrator proposes to make in the Register; and

                     (b)  inviting interested persons to give the Titles Administrator written submissions about the making of the entry; and

                     (c)  specifying a time limit for the making of those submissions.

             (4)  The time limit must not be shorter than 45 days after the publication of the notice.

             (5)  In deciding whether to make the entry in the Register, the Titles Administrator must take into account any submissions made in accordance with the notice.

Gazettal of terms of entry

             (6)  If the Titles Administrator makes an entry in the Register under subsection (1), the Titles Administrator must cause to be published in the Gazette a notice setting out the terms of the entry.

555  Rectification of Register

Application for rectification

             (1)  If a person is aggrieved by any of the following:

                     (a)  the omission of an entry from the Register;

                     (b)  an entry made in the Register without sufficient cause;

                     (c)  an entry wrongly existing in the Register;

                     (d)  an error or defect in an entry in the Register;

the person may apply to:

                     (e)  the Federal Court; or

                      (f)  the Supreme Court of, or having jurisdiction in, the State or Territory to which the relevant offshore area relates;

for the rectification of the Register.

Court orders

             (2)  If an application is made under subsection (1) to a court for the rectification of the Register, the court may make such order as it thinks fit directing the rectification of the Register.

             (3)  In proceedings under this section, the court may decide any question that it is necessary or expedient to decide in connection with the rectification of the Register.

Appearance of Titles Administrator

             (4)  Notice of an application under this section must be given to the Titles Administrator, who:

                     (a)  may appear and be heard; and

                     (b)  must appear if so directed by the court.

Copy of order to be given to Titles Administrator

             (5)  An office copy of an order made by the court may be given to the Titles Administrator.

Compliance with order

             (6)  The Titles Administrator must, on receipt of the order, rectify the Register accordingly.

Principal Northern Territory offshore area and Eastern Greater Sunrise offshore area

             (7)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(f):

                     (a)  the Principal Northern Territory offshore area; and

                     (b)  the Eastern Greater Sunrise offshore area;

are taken to relate to the Northern Territory.

Part 5.9Information‑gathering powers

  

556  Titles Administrator may obtain information from applicants

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  an application for approval of the transfer of a title is made under section 525; or

                     (b)  an application is made under section 533 or 535 in relation to a title; or

                     (c)  an application for approval of a dealing is made under section 539; or

                     (d)  a provisional application for approval of a dealing is made under section 548; or

                     (e)  an application is made under section 554 in relation to a title.

Requirement to give information

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may, by written notice given to the applicant, require the applicant to give the Titles Administrator, within the period and in the manner specified in the notice, such information about the matter to which the application relates as the Titles Administrator considers necessary or advisable.

             (3)  A period specified under subsection (2) must not be shorter than 14 days after the notice is given.

Offences

             (4)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person has been given a notice under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission contravenes a requirement in the notice.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (5)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the Titles Administrator requires the person to give information under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person gives information; and

                     (c)  the person does so knowing that the information is false or misleading in a material particular.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Notice to set out the effect of offence provisions

             (6)  A notice under subsection (2) must set out the effect of the following provisions:

                     (a)  subsection (4);

                     (b)  subsection (5).

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both subsection (5) of this section and section 137.1 of the Criminal Code.

557  Titles Administrator may obtain information from a party to an approved dealing

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a person is a party to a dealing relating to a title; and

                     (b)  the dealing has been approved under section 543.

Requirement to give information

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may, by written notice given to the person, require the person to give to the Titles Administrator, within the period and in the manner specified in the notice, such information about alterations in the interests or rights existing in relation to the title as the Titles Administrator considers necessary or advisable.

             (3)  A period specified under subsection (2) must not be shorter than 14 days after the notice is given.

Offences

             (4)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person has been given a notice under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission contravenes a requirement in the notice.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

          (4A)  An offence against subsection (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (5)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the Titles Administrator requires the person to give information under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person gives information; and

                     (c)  the person does so knowing that the information is false or misleading in a material particular.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Notice to set out the effect of offence provisions

             (6)  A notice under subsection (2) must set out the effect of the following provisions:

                     (a)  subsection (4);

                     (b)  subsection (5).

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both subsection (5) of this section and section 137.1 of the Criminal Code.

558  Production and inspection of documents

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if the Titles Administrator has reason to believe that a document:

                     (a)  is in the possession or under the control of a person; and

                     (b)  relates to:

                              (i)  a transfer or dealing for which approval is sought under this Chapter; or

                             (ii)  an application under section 533, 535 or 536.

Requirement

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may, by written notice given to the person, require the person:

                     (a)  to produce the document to the Titles Administrator, within the period and in the manner specified in the notice; or

                     (b)  to make the document available for inspection by or on behalf of the Titles Administrator.

             (3)  A period specified under subsection (2) must not be shorter than 14 days after the notice is given.

Offences

             (4)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person has been given a notice under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission contravenes a requirement in the notice.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (5)  An offence against subsection (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (6)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person has been given a notice under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person:

                              (i)  produces a document to the Titles Administrator; or

                             (ii)  makes a document available for inspection by or on behalf of the Titles Administrator; and

                     (c)  the person does so knowing that the document is false or misleading in a material particular; and

                     (d)  the document is produced or made available in compliance or purported compliance with the notice.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Notice to set out the effect of offence provisions

             (7)  A notice under subsection (2) must set out the effect of the following provisions:

                     (a)  subsection (4);

                     (b)  subsection (6).

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both subsection (6) of this section and section 137.2 of the Criminal Code.

559  Titles Administrator may retain documents

             (1)  The Titles Administrator may take possession of a document produced under section 558, and retain it for as long as is necessary.

             (2)  The person otherwise entitled to possession of the document is entitled to be supplied, as soon as practicable, with a copy certified by the Titles Administrator to be a true copy.

             (3)  The certified copy must be received in all courts and tribunals as evidence as if it were the original.

             (4)  Until a certified copy is supplied, the Titles Administrator must provide the person otherwise entitled to possession of the document, or a person authorised by that person, reasonable access to the document for the purposes of inspecting and making copies of, or taking extracts from, the document.

Part 5.10Other provisions

  

560  Titles Administrator not concerned with the effect of instrument lodged under this Chapter

                   The Titles Administrator is not concerned with the effect in law of an instrument lodged under this Chapter.

562  Making a false entry in the Register

                   A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person:

                              (i)  makes an entry in the Register; or

                             (ii)  causes an entry to be made in the Register; or

                            (iii)  concurs in the making of an entry in the Register; and

                     (b)  the person does so knowing that the entry is false.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both this section and section 145.4 of the Criminal Code.

563  Falsified documents

                   A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person produces or tenders in evidence a document; and

                     (b)  the document falsely purports to be:

                              (i)  a copy of or extract from an entry in the Register; or

                             (ii)  a copy of or extract from an instrument given to the Titles Administrator under this Chapter.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both this section and section 137.2 of the Criminal Code.

564  Inspection of Register and instruments

Inspection of Register

             (1)  The Titles Administrator must ensure that the Register is open for inspection, at all convenient times, by any person on payment of a fee calculated under the regulations.

Instruments

             (2)  The Titles Administrator must ensure that all instruments, or copies of instruments, subject to inspection under this Chapter are open for inspection, at all convenient times, by any person on payment of a fee calculated under the regulations.

565  Evidentiary provisions

Register

             (1)  The Register is to be received in all courts and proceedings as prima facie evidence of all matters required or authorised by this Chapter to be entered in the Register.

Certified copies and extracts

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may, on payment of a fee calculated under the regulations, supply:

                     (a)  a copy of or extract from the Register; or

                     (b)  a copy of or extract from any instrument lodged with the Titles Administrator under this Chapter;

certified by the Titles Administrator to be a true copy or true extract, as the case may be.

             (3)  The certified copy or extract is admissible in evidence in all courts and proceedings without further proof or production of the original.

Evidentiary certificate

             (4)  The Titles Administrator may, on payment of a fee calculated under the regulations, issue a written certificate:

                     (a)  stating that an entry, matter or thing required or permitted by or under this Chapter to be made or done:

                              (i)  has been made or done; or

                             (ii)  has not been made or done; or

                     (b)  stating that an entry, matter or thing required by or under this Chapter not to be made or done:

                              (i)  has not been made or done; or

                             (ii)  has been made or done.

             (5)  The certificate is to be received in all courts and proceedings as prima facie evidence of the statements in the certificate.

Criminal proceedings—copy of certificate to be given to defendant 14 days before certificate admitted in evidence

             (6)  A certificate must not be admitted in evidence under subsection (5) in proceedings for an offence unless:

                     (a)  the person charged with the offence; or

                     (b)  a barrister or solicitor who has appeared for the person in those proceedings;

has, at least 14 days before the certificate is sought to be so admitted, been given a copy of the certificate together with notice of the intention to produce the certificate as evidence in the proceedings.

Person signing the certificate may be called to give evidence

             (7)  If, under subsection (5), a certificate is admitted in evidence in proceedings for an offence, the person charged with the offence may require the person who signed the certificate to be:

                     (a)  called as a witness for the prosecution; and

                     (b)  cross‑examined as if the person who signed the certificate had given evidence of the matters stated in the certificate.

             (8)  However, subsection (7) does not entitle the person charged to require the person who signed the certificate to be called as a witness for the prosecution unless:

                     (a)  the prosecutor has been given at least 4 days notice of the person’s intention to require the person who signed the certificate to be so called; or

                     (b)  the court, by order, allows the person charged to require the person who signed the certificate to be so called.

Evidence in support, or in rebuttal, of matters in certificate to be considered on its merits

             (9)  Any evidence given in support, or in rebuttal, of a matter stated in a certificate issued under subsection (4) must be considered on its merits, and the credibility and probative value of such evidence must be neither increased nor diminished by reason of this section.

565A  Application fee

             (1)  An eligible application must be accompanied by the fee (if any) prescribed by the regulations.

Note:          For eligible application, see subsection (4).

             (2)  Different fees may be prescribed for different eligible applications.

             (3)  A fee must not be such as to amount to taxation.

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, each of the following is an eligible application:

                     (a)  an application for the approval of the transfer of a title;

                     (b)  an application for the approval of a dealing (other than an application covered by section 551);

                     (c)  a provisional application for the approval of a dealing.

Chapter 6Administration

Part 6.1Operations

  

567  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      This Part imposes requirements that must be complied with by titleholders in relation to the following:

               (a)     the commencement of works or operations;

              (b)     work practices;

               (c)     financial assurance;

              (d)     the maintenance and removal of property.

568  Commencement of works or operations

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to:

                     (a)  a special petroleum exploration permit; or

                     (b)  a petroleum retention lease; or

                     (c)  an infrastructure licence; or

                     (d)  a pipeline licence;

if the permit, lease or licence is granted subject to a condition that works or operations specified in the permit, lease or licence are to be carried out.

Commencement of works or operations

             (2)  The registered holder of the permit, lease or licence must begin to carry out those works or operations within:

                     (a)  180 days after the day on which the permit, lease or licence comes into force; or

                     (b)  such longer period as the Joint Authority allows.

569  Work practices

             (1)  The table has effect:

 

Work practices

Item

This person...

must...

1

the registered holder of a petroleum exploration permit, petroleum retention lease or petroleum production licence

(a) carry out all petroleum exploration operations in the permit area, lease area or licence area in a proper and workmanlike manner and in accordance with good oilfield practice; and

(b) carry out all petroleum recovery operations in the permit area, lease area or licence area in a proper and workmanlike manner and in accordance with good oilfield practice; and

(c) control the flow, and prevent the waste or escape, in the permit area, lease area or licence area, of petroleum or water; and

(d) prevent the escape, in the permit area, lease area or licence area, of any mixture of water or drilling fluid with petroleum or any other matter; and

(e) prevent damage to petroleum‑bearing strata in an area (whether in the offshore area or not) in relation to which the permit, lease or licence is not in force; and

(f) keep separate each petroleum pool discovered in the permit area, lease area or licence area; and

(g) keep separate such of the sources of water (if any) discovered in the permit area, lease area or licence area as the Titles Administrator, by written notice given to the registered holder, directs; and

(h) prevent water or any other matter entering any petroleum pool through wells in the permit area, lease area or licence area except when required by, and in accordance with, good oilfield practice.

2

the registered holder of an infrastructure licence

(a) carry out operations authorised by the licence in a safe manner and in accordance with good oilfield practice and good processing and transport practice; and

(b) control the flow, and prevent the waste or escape, from an infrastructure facility constructed under the licence, of water, petroleum or any product derived by processing petroleum.

3

the registered holder of a pipeline licence

(a) operate the pipeline in a proper and workmanlike manner; and

(b) prevent the waste or escape of petroleum or water from the pipeline or from any secondary line, pumping station, tank station, valve station or water line.

4

the registered holder of a petroleum special prospecting authority or petroleum access authority

carry out all petroleum exploration operations in the authority area in a proper and workmanlike manner and in accordance with good oilfield practice.

             (2)  Paragraphs (c) to (h) of item 1, and paragraph (b) of item 2, of the table in subsection (1) have effect subject to any authorisation given, or requirement made, by or under:

                     (a)  this Act; or

                     (b)  the regulations; or

                     (c)  a direction under this Act.

             (3)  Paragraphs (b) to (h) of item 1 of the table in subsection (1) do not limit paragraph (a) of that item.

             (4)  Paragraph (b) of item 2 of the table in subsection (1) does not limit paragraph (a) of that item.

             (5)  Paragraph (b) of item 3 of the table in subsection (1) does not limit paragraph (a) of that item.

Offence

             (6)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a requirement under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct breaches the requirement.

Penalty:  100 penalty units.

          (6A)  An offence against subsection (6) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Civil penalty

          (6B)  A person is liable to a civil penalty if the person contravenes a requirement under subsection (1).

Civil penalty:          1,000 penalty units.

Defence

             (7)  In:

                     (a)  a prosecution for an offence against subsection (6) in relation to a breach of a paragraph of an item of the table in subsection (1); or

                    (aa)  proceedings for a civil penalty order for the purposes of subsection (6B) in relation to a breach of a paragraph of an item of the table in subsection (1); or

                     (b)  an action arising out of a breach of a paragraph of an item of the table in subsection (1);

it is a defence if the defendant proves that the defendant took all reasonable steps to comply with that paragraph.

Note:          In a prosecution for an offence, the defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the matter in subsection (7)—see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code.

This section has effect subject to certain other provisions etc.

             (8)  This section has effect subject to:

                     (a)  any other provision of this Act; and

                     (b)  the regulations; and

                     (c)  a direction under section 574, 574A or 576B; and

                     (d)  any other law.

Note:          A petroleum titleholder is required to comply with any directions by NOPSEMA or the responsible Commonwealth Minister given under the following provisions:

(a)    sections 574 and 576B (by NOPSEMA);

(b)    section 574A (by the responsible Commonwealth Minister).

570  Work practices

             (1)  The table has effect:

 

Work practices

Item

This person...

must...

1

the registered holder of a greenhouse gas assessment permit, greenhouse gas holding lease, greenhouse gas injection licence or petroleum production licence

(a) carry out all:

(i) operations relating to the exploration for potential greenhouse gas storage formations; or

(ii) operations relating to the exploration for potential greenhouse gas injection sites;

      in the permit area, lease area or licence area in a proper and workmanlike manner; and

(b) carry out all:

(i) operations relating to the injection of a greenhouse gas substance into a part of a geological formation; or

(ii) operations relating to the storage of a greenhouse gas substance in a part of a geological formation;

      in the permit area, lease area or licence area in a proper and workmanlike manner.

2

the registered holder of a greenhouse gas assessment permit, greenhouse gas holding lease, greenhouse gas injection licence or petroleum production licence

(a) control the flow, and prevent the escape, in the permit area, lease area or licence area, of greenhouse gas substances; and

(b) control the flow, and prevent the waste or escape, in the permit area, lease area or licence area, of petroleum or water; and

(c) prevent the escape, in the permit area, lease area or licence area, of any mixture of water or drilling fluid with petroleum or any other matter; and

(d) prevent damage to petroleum‑bearing strata, and potential greenhouse gas storage formations, in an area (whether in the offshore area or not) in relation to which the permit, lease or licence is not in force; and

(e) keep separate each petroleum pool discovered in the permit area, lease area or licence area; and

(f) keep separate such of the sources of water (if any) discovered in the permit area, lease area or licence area as the responsible Commonwealth Minister, by written notice given to the registered holder, directs; and

(g) prevent water, a greenhouse gas substance or any other matter entering any petroleum pool through wells in the permit area, lease area or licence area except when required by, and in accordance with, good oilfield practice.

3

the registered holder of a greenhouse gas special authority

carry out all:

(a) operations relating to the exploration for potential greenhouse gas storage formations; or

(b) operations relating to the exploration for potential greenhouse gas injection sites; or

(c) operations relating to the injection of a greenhouse gas substance into a potential greenhouse gas storage formation; or

(d) operations relating to the storage of a greenhouse gas substance in a potential greenhouse gas storage formation; or

(e) operations to carry out baseline investigations relating to the storage of a greenhouse gas substance in a potential greenhouse gas storage formation; or

(f) operations relating to the monitoring of the behaviour of a greenhouse gas substance stored in a potential greenhouse gas storage formation;

in the authority area in a proper and workmanlike manner.

4

the registered holder of a greenhouse gas search authority

carry out all:

(a) operations relating to the exploration for potential greenhouse gas storage formations; or

(b) operations relating to the exploration for potential greenhouse gas injection sites;

in the authority area in a proper and workmanlike manner.

5

the holder of a greenhouse gas research consent

carry out all:

(a) operations relating to the exploration for potential greenhouse gas storage formations; or

(b) operations relating to the exploration for potential greenhouse gas injection sites;

authorised by the consent in a proper and workmanlike manner.

             (2)  Paragraphs (a) to (g) of item 2 of the table in subsection (1) have effect subject to any authorisation given, or requirement made, by or under:

                     (a)  this Act; or

                     (b)  the regulations; or

                     (c)  a direction under this Act.

             (3)  Paragraph (b) of item 1 of the table in subsection (1) does not limit paragraph (a) of that item.

             (4)  Paragraphs (a) to (g) of item 2 of the table in subsection (1) do not limit paragraph (a) of item 1 of the table.

Offence

             (5)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a requirement under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct breaches the requirement.

Penalty:  100 penalty units.

          (5A)  An offence against subsection (5) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Defence

             (6)  In:

                     (a)  a prosecution for an offence against subsection (5) in relation to a breach of a paragraph of an item of the table in subsection (1); or

                     (b)  an action arising out of a breach of a paragraph of an item of the table in subsection (1);

it is a defence if the defendant proves that the defendant took all reasonable steps to comply with that paragraph.

Note:          In a prosecution for an offence, the defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the matter in subsection (6)—see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code.

This section has effect subject to certain other provisions etc.

             (7)  This section has effect subject to:

                     (a)  any other provision of this Act; and

                     (b)  the regulations; and

                     (c)  a direction under section 580; and

                     (d)  any other law.

571  Financial assurance—petroleum titles

Scope

             (1)  This section applies in relation to a petroleum activity carried out in relation to any of the following titles:

                     (a)  a petroleum exploration permit;

                     (b)  a petroleum retention lease;

                     (c)  a petroleum production licence;

                     (d)  an infrastructure licence;

                     (e)  a pipeline licence;

                      (f)  a petroleum special prospecting authority;

                     (g)  a petroleum access authority.

Titleholder duty to maintain financial assurance

             (2)  The titleholder must, at all times while the title is in force, maintain financial assurance sufficient to give the titleholder the capacity to meet costs, expenses and liabilities arising in connection with, or as a result of:

                     (a)  the carrying out of the petroleum activity; or

                     (b)  the doing of any other thing for the purposes of the petroleum activity; or

                     (c)  complying (or failing to comply) with a requirement under this Act, or a legislative instrument under this Act, in relation to the petroleum activity.

Examples:  This subsection covers costs, expenses and liabilities arising in connection with, or as a result of, the following (without limitation):

(a)    complying with the titleholder’s duty under section 572C (which relates to the escape of petroleum);

(b)    a debt due to the Commonwealth, NOPSEMA, a State or the Northern Territory under section 572D, 572E or 572F (which relate to an escape of petroleum), including a debt due to an agency or authority on behalf of the State or the Northern Territory;

(c)    complying with a direction under section 574 or 586 relating to the remediation of damage to the seabed or subsoil arising in connection with a petroleum activity.

             (3)  The following may be provided for by regulation:

                     (a)  compliance with subsection (2) in relation to a petroleum activity to be demonstrated as a prior condition of acceptance of an environment plan for the activity;

                     (b)  such compliance to be in a form acceptable to NOPSEMA;

                     (c)  a failure to maintain such compliance, in a form acceptable to NOPSEMA, to be grounds for the withdrawal of acceptance of an environment plan for the activity.

Note:          For requirements relating to environment plans, see Part 2 of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage (Environment) Regulations 2009.

Form of financial assurance

             (4)  The forms of financial assurance for a title that may be maintained for the purposes of this section include (without limitation) any of the following, or any combination of the following:

                     (a)  insurance;

                     (b)  self‑insurance;

                     (c)  a bond;

                     (d)  the deposit of an amount as security with a financial institution;

                     (e)  an indemnity or other surety;

                      (f)  a letter of credit from a financial institution;

                     (g)  a mortgage.

             (5)  In this section:

environment plan for a petroleum activity means an environment plan for the activity under the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage (Environment) Regulations 2009.

Note:          Environment plans are dealt with in Part 2 of these Regulations.

financial institution has its ordinary meaning, and (to avoid doubt) includes:

                     (a)  an authorised deposit‑taking institution within the meaning of the Banking Act 1959; and

                     (b)  a financial institution of a foreign country.

petroleum activity has the same meaning as in the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage (Environment) Regulations 2009.

self‑insurance: for a petroleum activity in relation to a title, the titleholder maintains financial assurance in the form of self‑insurance to the extent that the titleholder ensures that financial resources are available at all times while the title is in force to meet costs, expenses and liabilities in relation to the activity arising as mentioned in subsection (2).

titleholder, for a title in relation to which this section applies, means the registered holder of the title.

571A  Insurance—greenhouse gas titles

Greenhouse gas titles

             (1)  The conditions of:

                     (a)  a greenhouse gas assessment permit; or

                     (b)  a greenhouse gas holding lease; or

                     (c)  a greenhouse gas injection licence; or

                     (d)  a greenhouse gas search authority; or

                     (e)  a greenhouse gas special authority;

may include a condition that the registered holder maintain, as directed by the responsible Commonwealth Minister from time to time, insurance against:

                      (f)  expenses; or

                     (g)  liabilities; or

                     (h)  specified things;

arising in connection with, or as a result of:

                      (i)  the carrying out of work under the permit, lease, licence or authority; or

                      (j)  the doing of any other thing under the permit, lease, licence or authority;

including insurance against expenses of complying with directions relating to the clean‑up or other remediation of the effects of the escape of a greenhouse gas substance.

Direction to be in writing

             (2)  A direction under this section must be in writing.

572  Maintenance and removal of property etc. by titleholder

Titleholder and title area

             (1)  For the purposes of this section, the table has effect:

 

Titleholder and title area

Item

In the case of...

the titleholder is...

and the title area is...

1

a petroleum exploration permit

the permittee

the permit area.

2

a petroleum retention lease

the lessee

the lease area.

3

a petroleum production licence

the licensee

the licence area.

4

an infrastructure licence

the licensee

the licence area.

5

a pipeline licence

the licensee

the part of the offshore area in which the pipeline is constructed.

6

a petroleum special prospecting authority

the registered holder of the authority

the authority area.

7

a petroleum access authority

the registered holder of the authority

the authority area.

8

a greenhouse gas assessment permit

the permittee

the permit area.

9

a greenhouse gas holding lease

the lessee

the lease area.

10

a greenhouse gas injection licence

the licensee

the licence area.

11

a greenhouse gas search authority

the registered holder of the authority

the authority area.

12

a greenhouse gas special authority

the registered holder of the authority

the authority area.

Maintenance of property etc.

             (2)  A titleholder must maintain in good condition and repair all structures that are, and all equipment and other property that is:

                     (a)  in the title area; and

                     (b)  used in connection with the operations authorised by the permit, lease, licence or authority.

Removal of property etc.

             (3)  A titleholder must remove from the title area all structures that are, and all equipment and other property that is, neither used nor to be used in connection with the operations:

                     (a)  in which the titleholder is or will be engaged; and

                     (b)  that are authorised by the permit, lease, licence or authority.

Offence

             (4)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a requirement under subsection (2) or (3); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission breaches the requirement.

Penalty:  100 penalty units.

             (5)  An offence against subsection (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Civil penalty

          (5A)  A person is liable to a civil penalty if the person contravenes a requirement under subsection (2) or (3) in relation to a title area covered by item 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 or 7 of the table in subsection (1).

Civil penalty:          525 penalty units.

Exception

             (6)  Subsections (2) and (3) do not apply in relation to any structure, equipment or other property that was not brought into the title area by or with the authority of the titleholder.

Section has effect subject to other provisions etc.

             (7)  This section has effect subject to:

                     (a)  any other provision of this Act; and

                     (b)  the regulations; and

                     (c)  a direction under section 574, 574A, 576B or 580; and

                     (d)  any other law.

Note:          A petroleum titleholder is required to comply with any directions by NOPSEMA or the responsible Commonwealth Minister given under the following provisions:

(a)    sections 574 and 576B (by NOPSEMA);

(b)    section 574A (by the responsible Commonwealth Minister).

Part 6.1APolluter pays

Division 1General

572A  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

If there is an escape of petroleum in relation to a petroleum activity, the titleholder is required to do the following in any offshore area:

               (a)     eliminate or control the escape;

              (b)     clean up the escaped petroleum and remediate any resulting damage to the environment;

               (c)     carry out environmental monitoring of the impact of the escape on the environment.

If the titleholder fails to do any of these things, NOPSEMA or the responsible Commonwealth Minister may do them instead. The titleholder must reimburse NOPSEMA or the Commonwealth for the costs and expenses of any such action.

The titleholder must also reimburse a State or the Northern Territory for any reasonable costs or expenses incurred in doing any of the following in land or waters of the State or the Northern Territory:

               (a)     cleaning up the escaped petroleum;

              (b)     remediating any resulting damage to the environment;

               (c)     carrying out environmental monitoring of the impact of the escape on the environment.

572B  Relationship with significant offshore petroleum incident directions

                   Nothing in this Part limits the power of NOPSEMA to give a direction under section 576B in relation to an escape of petroleum.

Note:          Section 576B allows NOPSEMA to give directions dealing with significant offshore petroleum incidents.

Division 2Polluter pays

572C  Escape of petroleum—titleholder’s duty

Scope

             (1)  This section applies in the event of an escape of petroleum occurring as a result of, or in connection with, a petroleum activity in relation to any of the following titles:

                     (a)  a petroleum exploration permit;

                     (b)  a petroleum retention lease;

                     (c)  a petroleum production licence;

                     (d)  an infrastructure licence;

                     (e)  a pipeline licence.

Titleholder’s duty

             (2)  The registered holder of the title must, in an offshore area, in accordance with the environment plan for the petroleum activity:

                     (a)  as soon as possible after becoming aware of the escape of petroleum, take all reasonably practicable steps to eliminate or control it; and

                     (b)  clean up the escaped petroleum and remediate any resulting damage to the environment; and

                     (c)  carry out environmental monitoring of the impact of the escape on the environment.

Definitions

             (3)  In this section:

environment plan for a petroleum activity means an environment plan for the activity under the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage (Environment) Regulations 2009.

Note:          Environment plans are dealt with in Part 2 of those Regulations.

petroleum activity has the same meaning as in the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage (Environment) Regulations 2009.

572D  Escape of petroleum—reimbursement of NOPSEMA

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if NOPSEMA considers on reasonable grounds that the registered holder of a title has failed to comply with subsection 572C(2) in relation to an escape of petroleum.

Action taken by NOPSEMA

             (2)  NOPSEMA may do any or all of the things that NOPSEMA considers, on reasonable grounds, the registered holder of the title has failed to do to comply with subsection 572C(2).

Recovery of costs and expenses incurred by NOPSEMA

             (3)  Costs or expenses incurred by NOPSEMA in doing any thing under subsection (2) are:

                     (a)  a debt due to NOPSEMA by the registered holder of the title; and

                     (b)  recoverable by NOPSEMA in a court of competent jurisdiction.

572E  Escape of petroleum—reimbursement of responsible Commonwealth Minister

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if the responsible Commonwealth Minister considers on reasonable grounds that the registered holder of a title has failed to comply with subsection 572C(2) in relation to an escape of petroleum.

Action taken by responsible Commonwealth Minister

             (2)  The responsible Commonwealth Minister may do any or all of the things that he or she considers, on reasonable grounds, the registered holder of the title has failed to do to comply with subsection 572C(2).

Recovery of costs and expenses incurred by responsible Commonwealth Minister

             (3)  Costs or expenses incurred by the responsible Commonwealth Minister in doing any thing under subsection (2) are:

                     (a)  a debt due to the Commonwealth by the registered holder of the title; and

                     (b)  recoverable by the Commonwealth in a court of competent jurisdiction.

572F  Escape of petroleum—reimbursement of State or Northern Territory

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  there is an escape of petroleum, in relation to a title, to which subsection 572C(1) applies; and

                     (b)  a State or the Northern Territory (the relevant jurisdiction), or an agency or authority acting on behalf of the relevant jurisdiction, incurs reasonable costs or expenses (recoverable costs or expenses) in doing any of the following in the land or waters of the relevant jurisdiction:

                              (i)  cleaning up the escaped petroleum;

                             (ii)  remediating any resulting damage to the environment;

                            (iii)  carrying out environmental monitoring of the impact of the escape on the environment.

Recovery of costs and expenses incurred by the State or the Northern Territory

             (2)  The recoverable costs or expenses are:

                     (a)  a debt due to the relevant jurisdiction (or to the agency or authority acting on behalf of that jurisdiction) by the registered holder of the title; and

                     (b)  recoverable in a court of competent jurisdiction.

Other rights of action not affected

             (3)  This section does not affect any other right of action, or other remedy, that the relevant jurisdiction, an agency or authority acting on behalf of that jurisdiction or any other person may have against the registered holder of the title in relation to the escape of petroleum.

Definition

             (4)  In this section:

land or waters, of the relevant jurisdiction, are:

                     (a)  land or waters within the limits of the jurisdiction; or

                     (c)  the designated coastal waters of the jurisdiction, within the meaning of Part 6.9 (see section 644).

Part 6.2Directions relating to petroleum

Division 1Simplified outline

573  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      NOPSEMA or the responsible Commonwealth Minister may give a direction to a petroleum titleholder. A direction may extend to other persons.

•      If there is a significant offshore petroleum incident in a petroleum title area, NOPSEMA may give a specific direction to the titleholder to deal with the escape of petroleum resulting from the incident, whether within or outside the title area.

•      If there is a breach of a direction given by the Joint Authority or NOPSEMA under Chapter 2, this Chapter or the regulations, NOPSEMA may do anything required by the direction to be done, and NOPSEMA’s costs may be recovered from the person to whom the direction was given.

•      If there is a breach of a direction given by the responsible Commonwealth Minister under this Part, the responsible Commonwealth Minister may do anything required by the direction to be done, and the responsible Commonwealth Minister’s costs may be recovered from the person to whom the direction was given.

•      In a prosecution for an offence, or a proceeding for a civil penalty order, relating to a breach of:

               (a)     a direction given by the Joint Authority or NOPSEMA under Chapter 2, this Chapter or the regulations; or

              (b)     a direction given by the responsible Commonwealth Minister under this Part;

       it is a defence if the defendant proves that the defendant took all reasonable steps to comply with the direction.

Division 2General power to give directions

574  General power to give directions—NOPSEMA

Definition

             (1)  In this section:

title means:

                     (a)  a petroleum exploration permit; or

                     (b)  a petroleum retention lease; or

                     (c)  a petroleum production licence; or

                     (d)  an infrastructure licence; or

                     (e)  a pipeline licence; or

                      (f)  a petroleum special prospecting authority; or

                     (g)  a petroleum access authority.

Direction to registered holder

             (2)  NOPSEMA may, by written notice given to the registered holder of a title, give the registered holder a direction as to any matter in relation to which regulations may be made.

Note 1:       Section 782 is the main provision setting out matters in relation to which regulations may be made.

Note 2:       Breach of a direction may attract a criminal or civil penalty: see section 576.

Note 3:       A direction under this section has no effect to the extent of any inconsistency with a direction under section 574A: see subsection 574A(12).

Note 4:       A direction under this section also has no effect to the extent of any inconsistency with a direction under section 576B (which relates to significant offshore petroleum incidents): see subsection 576C(2).

Extended application of direction

             (3)  A direction given under this section to a registered holder applies to the registered holder and may also be expressed to apply to:

                     (a)  a specified class of persons, so long as the class consists of, or is included in, either or both of the following classes:

                              (i)  employees or agents of, or persons acting on behalf of, the registered holder;

                             (ii)  persons performing work or services, whether directly or indirectly, for the registered holder; or

                     (b)  any person (other than the registered holder or a person to whom the direction applies in accordance with paragraph (a)) who is:

                              (i)  in the offshore area for any reason touching, concerning, arising out of, or connected with, exploring the seabed or subsoil of the offshore area for petroleum or exploiting the petroleum that occurs as a natural resource of that seabed or subsoil; or

                             (ii)  in, on, above, below or in the vicinity of a vessel, aircraft, structure or installation, or equipment or other property, that is in the offshore area for a reason of that kind.

             (4)  If a direction so expressed is given, the direction is taken to apply to each person included in the specified class mentioned in paragraph (3)(a) or to each person who is in the offshore area as mentioned in paragraph (3)(b), as the case may be.

Note:          For notification requirements, see section 575.

Additional matters

             (5)  NOPSEMA must not give a direction under this section of a standing or permanent nature except with the approval of the Joint Authority, but the validity of a direction is not affected by a breach of this subsection.

             (6)  A direction under this section has effect, and must be complied with, despite:

                     (a)  any previous direction under this section; and

                     (b)  anything in the regulations or the applied provisions.

Note:          For applied provisions, see subsection 80(2).

             (7)  A direction under this section may make provision in relation to a matter by applying, adopting or incorporating (with or without modification) a code of practice or standard contained in an instrument as in force or existing at the time when the direction takes effect, so long as the code of practice or standard is relevant to that matter.

             (8)  To avoid doubt, subsection (7) applies to an instrument, whether issued or made in Australia or outside Australia.

             (9)  A direction under this section may prohibit the doing of an act or thing:

                     (a)  unconditionally; or

                     (b)  subject to conditions, including conditions requiring the consent or approval of a person specified in the direction.

          (9A)  If:

                     (a)  NOPSEMA gives a direction under this section; and

                     (b)  NOPSEMA considers that the direction may have significant consequences for:

                              (i)  resource management; or

                             (ii)  resource security;

NOPSEMA must:

                     (c)  give the responsible Commonwealth Minister a copy of the direction; and

                     (d)  do so as soon as practicable after the direction was given.

Directions

           (10)  If paragraph (3)(b) applies to a direction under this section, the direction is a legislative instrument for the purposes of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

           (11)  If paragraph (3)(b) does not apply to a direction under this section, the direction is not a legislative instrument for the purposes of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

574A  General power to give directions—responsible Commonwealth Minister

Definition

             (1)  In this section:

title means:

                     (a)  a petroleum exploration permit; or

                     (b)  a petroleum retention lease; or

                     (c)  a petroleum production licence; or

                     (d)  an infrastructure licence; or

                     (e)  a pipeline licence; or

                      (f)  a petroleum special prospecting authority; or

                     (g)  a petroleum access authority.

Direction to registered holder

             (2)  The responsible Commonwealth Minister may, by written notice given to the registered holder of a title, give the registered holder a direction as to any matter in relation to which regulations may be made, so long as that matter is a matter:

                     (a)  that relates to resource management; or

                     (b)  that relates to resource security; or

                     (c)  in relation to which regulations may be made for the purposes of section 698 (which deals with data management).

Note 1:       Section 782 is the main provision setting out matters in relation to which regulations may be made.

Note 2:       Breach of a direction may attract a criminal or civil penalty: see section 576.

Note 3:       For inconsistency between directions under this Division and Division 2A (which relates to significant offshore petroleum incidents), see subsection (12) of this section and subsection 576C(2).

Extended application of direction

             (3)  A direction given under this section to a registered holder applies to the registered holder and may also be expressed to apply to:

                     (a)  a specified class of persons, so long as the class consists of, or is included in, either or both of the following classes:

                              (i)  employees or agents of, or persons acting on behalf of, the registered holder;

                             (ii)  persons performing work or services, whether directly or indirectly, for the registered holder; or

                     (b)  any person (other than the registered holder or a person to whom the direction applies in accordance with paragraph (a)) who is:

                              (i)  in the offshore area for any reason touching, concerning, arising out of, or connected with, exploring the seabed or subsoil of the offshore area for petroleum or exploiting the petroleum that occurs as a natural resource of that seabed or subsoil; or

                             (ii)  in, on, above, below or in the vicinity of a vessel, aircraft, structure or installation, or equipment or other property, that is in the offshore area for a reason of that kind.

             (4)  If a direction so expressed is given, the direction is taken to apply to each person included in the specified class mentioned in paragraph (3)(a) or to each person who is in the offshore area as mentioned in paragraph (3)(b), as the case may be.

Note:          For notification requirements, see section 575.

Additional matters

             (5)  The responsible Commonwealth Minister must not give a direction under this section of a standing or permanent nature except with the approval of the Joint Authority, but the validity of a direction is not affected by a breach of this subsection.

             (6)  A direction under this section has effect, and must be complied with, despite:

                     (a)  any previous direction under this section; and

                     (b)  anything in the regulations (other than the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage (Safety) Regulations 2009); and

                     (c)  the applied provisions.

Note:          For applied provisions, see subsection 80(2).

             (7)  A direction under this section may make provision in relation to a matter by applying, adopting or incorporating (with or without modification) a code of practice or standard contained in an instrument as in force or existing at the time when the direction takes effect, so long as the code of practice or standard is relevant to that matter.

             (8)  To avoid doubt, subsection (7) applies to an instrument, whether issued or made in Australia or outside Australia.

             (9)  A direction under this section may prohibit the doing of an act or thing:

                     (a)  unconditionally; or

                     (b)  subject to conditions, including conditions requiring the consent or approval of a person specified in the direction.

           (10)  If a direction under this section makes provision in relation to a matter by applying, adopting or incorporating (with or without modification) a code of practice or standard, the responsible Commonwealth Minister must ensure that the text of the code of practice or standard applied, adopted or incorporated is published on the Department’s website.

           (11)  Subsection (10) does not apply if the publication would infringe copyright.

Inconsistency

           (12)  If a direction under section 574 is inconsistent with a direction under this section, the direction under section 574 has no effect to the extent of the inconsistency.

Directions

           (13)  If paragraph (3)(b) applies to a direction under this section, the direction is a legislative instrument.

           (14)  If paragraph (3)(b) does not apply to a direction under this section, the direction is not a legislative instrument.

574B  Directions may extend outside of title area

             (1)  A direction under this Division may require the registered holder of the title in relation to which the direction is given to take an action (or not to take an action) anywhere in an offshore area, whether within or outside the title area of the title.

             (2)  If a direction under this Division requires the registered holder of a title (the first title) to take an action in, or in relation to, the title area of another title (the related title), NOPSEMA must give a copy of the direction to the registered holder of the related title as soon as practicable after the direction is given to the registered holder of the first title.

Note:          A related title may cover greenhouse gas operations (see the definition of title in subsection (3)).

             (3)  In this section:

title means any title covered by section 572.

title area of a title has the meaning given by section 572 in relation to the title.

Note:          Section 572 sets out the title area for certain petroleum titles and greenhouse gas titles.

575  Notification of a direction that has an extended application

Notification

             (1)  If a direction under section 574 applies to:

                     (a)  a registered holder; and

                     (b)  a person referred to in paragraph 574(3)(a);

the registered holder must cause a copy of the notice by which the direction was given to be:

                     (c)  given to that other person; or

                     (d)  displayed at a prominent position at a place in the offshore area frequented by that other person.

             (2)  If a direction under section 574 applies to:

                     (a)  a registered holder; and

                     (b)  a person referred to in paragraph 574(3)(b);

the registered holder must cause a copy of the notice by which the direction was given to be displayed at a prominent position at a place in the offshore area.

             (3)  If a direction under section 574 applies to:

                     (a)  a registered holder; and

                     (b)  a person referred to in paragraph 574(3)(b);

NOPSEMA may, by written notice given to the registered holder, require the registered holder to cause to be displayed:

                     (c)  at such places in the offshore area; and

                     (d)  in such manner;

as are specified in the notice, copies of the notice by which the direction was given.

Notification

          (3A)  If a direction under section 574A applies to:

                     (a)  a registered holder; and

                     (b)  a person referred to in paragraph 574A(3)(a);

the registered holder must cause a copy of the notice by which the direction was given to be:

                     (c)  given to that other person; or

                     (d)  displayed at a prominent position at a place in the offshore area frequented by that other person.

          (3B)  If a direction under section 574A applies to:

                     (a)  a registered holder; and

                     (b)  a person referred to in paragraph 574A(3)(b);

the registered holder must cause a copy of the notice by which the direction was given to be displayed at a prominent position at a place in the offshore area.

          (3C)  If a direction under section 574A applies to:

                     (a)  a registered holder; and

                     (b)  a person referred to in paragraph 574A(3)(b);

the responsible Commonwealth Minister may, by written notice given to the registered holder, require the registered holder to cause to be displayed:

                     (c)  at such places in the offshore area; and

                     (d)  in such manner;

as are specified in the notice, copies of the notice by which the direction was given.

Offence

             (4)  A person commits an offence of strict liability if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a requirement under subsection (1), (2), (3), (3A), (3B) or (3C); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission breaches the requirement.

Penalty: 50 penalty units.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Civil penalty

             (6)  A person is liable to a civil penalty if the person contravenes a requirement under subsection (1), (2), (3), (3A), (3B) or (3C).

Civil penalty:          135 penalty units.

Continuing offences

             (7)  A person who commits an offence against subsection (4) commits a separate offence in respect of each day (including a day of a conviction under this section or any later day) during which the offence continues.

             (8)  The maximum penalty for each day that an offence under subsection (4) continues is 10% of the maximum penalty that can be imposed in respect of that offence.

Continuing contraventions of civil penalty provisions

             (9)  A person who contravenes subsection (6) commits a separate contravention in respect of each day (including a day of the making of a relevant civil penalty order or any later day) during which the contravention continues.

           (10)  The maximum civil penalty for each day that a contravention of subsection (6) continues is 10% of the maximum civil penalty that can be imposed in respect of that contravention.

576  Directions under sections 574 and 574A—compliance

Basic rule

             (1)  A person contravenes this subsection if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a direction under section 574 or 574A; and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct breaches the direction.

Note 1:       NOPSEMA may do anything required to be done under a direction under section 574 in the event of a breach of the direction (see section 577).

Note 2:       The responsible Commonwealth Minister may do anything required to be done under a direction under section 574A in the event of a breach of the direction (see section 577A).

Note 3:       It is a defence in a proceeding for an offence or civil penalty order under this section if the person subject to the direction proves that the person took all reasonable steps to comply with the direction (see section 578).

Fault‑based offence

             (2)  A person commits an offence if the person contravenes subsection (1).

Penalty:  5 years imprisonment or 2,000 penalty units, or both.

             (3)  For the purposes of applying Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code to the offence in subsection (2), the physical elements of the offence are set out in subsection (1).

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out general principles of criminal responsibility.

Strict liability offence

             (4)  A person commits an offence of strict liability if the person contravenes subsection (1).

Penalty:  100 penalty units.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Civil penalty provision

             (5)  A person is liable to a civil penalty if the person contravenes subsection (1).

Civil penalty:          525 penalty units.

Defences—breach of direction by person other than a registered holder

             (6)  Subsection (7) applies in relation to a breach of a direction if:

                     (a)  both of the following persons are subject to the direction:

                              (i)  a registered holder;

                             (ii)  another person; and

                     (b)  the other person is prosecuted for an offence against subsection (2) or (4), or a civil penalty is sought for the purposes of subsection (5), in relation to the other person’s breach of the direction; and

                     (c)  the other person adduces evidence that the other person did not know, and could not reasonably be expected to have known, of the existence of the direction.

             (7)  Unless it is proved that the other person knew, or could reasonably be expected to have known, of the existence of the direction:

                     (a)  if the other person is prosecuted for an offence—the other person is not to be convicted of the offence; or

                     (b)  if a civil penalty order is sought against the other person—the order is not to be made against the other person.

Continuing offences

             (8)  A person who commits an offence against subsection (2) or (4) commits a separate offence in respect of each day (including a day of a conviction under that subsection or any later day) during which the offence against that subsection continues.

             (9)  The maximum penalty for each day that the offence continues is 10% of the maximum penalty that can be imposed in respect of that offence.

Continuing contraventions of civil penalty provisions

           (10)  A person who contravenes subsection (5) commits a separate contravention in respect of each day (including a day of the making of a relevant civil penalty order or any later day) during which the contravention continues.

           (11)  The maximum civil penalty for each day that a contravention of subsection (5) continues is 10% of the maximum civil penalty that can be imposed in respect of that contravention.

Division 2ADirections for significant offshore petroleum incidents

576A  Directions for significant offshore petroleum incidents—definitions for Division 2A

Significant offshore petroleum incidents

             (1)  In this Division, a significant offshore petroleum incident is a significant incident or occurrence that relates to any or all of the following operations in an offshore area:

                     (a)  petroleum exploration operations;

                     (b)  petroleum recovery operations;

                     (c)  operations relating to the processing or storage of petroleum;

                     (d)  operations relating to the preparation of petroleum for transport;

                     (e)  operations connected with the construction or operation of a pipeline;

                      (f)  operations relating to the decommissioning or removal of structures, equipment or other items of property that have been brought into an offshore area for or in connection with any of the operations mentioned in paragraph (a), (b), (c), (d) or (e).

Note:          For inquiries into significant offshore petroleum and greenhouse gas incidents, see Part 9.10A.

             (2)  Paragraph (1)(f) does not, by implication, limit paragraph (1)(a), (b), (c), (d) or (e).

Titles and title areas

             (3)  In this Division, the table has effect:

 

Titles and title areas

Item

A title is any of the following:

The title area for the title is ...

1

a petroleum exploration permit

the permit area.

2

a petroleum retention lease

the lease area.

3

a petroleum production licence

the licence area.

4

an infrastructure licence

the licence area.

5

a pipeline licence

the part of the offshore area in which the pipeline is constructed.

             (4)  In this Division:

related title means a title mentioned in the table in subsection 572(1).

related title area, for a related title, means the title area for the related title mentioned in the table in subsection 572(1).

related titleholder, for a related title, means the titleholder for the related title mentioned in the table in subsection 572(1).

Note:          A related title, related title area or related titleholder may cover petroleum or greenhouse gas operations.

576B  Directions for significant offshore petroleum incidents—NOPSEMA power to give directions

Power to give direction

             (1)  If a significant offshore petroleum incident has occurred in a title area that has caused, or that might cause, an escape of petroleum, NOPSEMA may, in accordance with this section, give a direction by written notice to the registered holder of the title.

             (2)  The direction may require the registered holder of the title to do any (or all) of the following within a reasonable period stated in the direction:

                     (a)  to take any action stated in the direction for the purpose of any (or all) of the following:

                              (i)  preventing the escape of petroleum;

                             (ii)  eliminating the escape of petroleum;

                            (iii)  mitigating the effects of the escape of petroleum;

                            (iv)  managing the effects of the escape of petroleum;

                             (v)  remediating the effects of the escape of petroleum;

                     (b)  to take any other action stated in the direction in relation to the escape of petroleum and its effects;

                     (c)  not to take an action stated in the direction in relation to the escape of petroleum and its effects.

             (3)  The direction may require the registered holder of the title to take an action (or not to take an action) mentioned in any (or all) of paragraphs (2)(a), (b) and (c) in relation to the possible escape of petroleum, or the possible effects of an escape of petroleum.

             (4)  For the purposes of subsection (2) or (3), the direction may prohibit the doing of an action:

                     (a)  unconditionally; or

                     (b)  subject to conditions, including conditions requiring the consent or approval of a person specified in the direction.

Action directed inside or outside of title area

             (5)  The direction may require the registered holder of the title to take an action (or not to take an action) mentioned in subsection (2) or (3) (or both) anywhere in an offshore area, whether within or outside the title area.

             (6)  If the direction requires the registered holder of the title to take an action in, or in relation to, a related title area, NOPSEMA must give a copy of the direction to the related titleholder as soon as practicable after the direction is given to the registered holder.

Standing or permanent directions

             (7)  NOPSEMA must not give a direction under this section of a standing or permanent nature except with the approval of the Joint Authority, but the validity of a direction is not affected by a breach of this subsection.

Note 1:       See also section 576C, which provides for matters related to directions made under this section.

Note 2:       Breach of a direction under this section may attract a criminal or civil penalty: see section 576D.

576C  Directions for significant offshore petroleum incidents—related matters

Relationship with other directions and certain laws

             (1)  A direction under section 576B has effect, and must be complied with, despite:

                     (a)  any previous direction under section 576B; and

                     (b)  any other direction under this Part (see sections 574 and 574A); and

                     (c)  anything in the regulations; and

                     (d)  the applied provisions.

Note 1:       Under section 574, NOPSEMA may give a direction to a petroleum titleholder. Under section 574A, a direction may be given by the responsible Commonwealth Minister.

Note 2:       For applied provisions, see subsection 80(2).

Note 3:       A direction under section 576B also overrides the obligations of the registered holder of the title under sections 569 (work practices) and 572 (structures, equipment and property): see subsections 569(8) and 572(7).

             (2)  If a direction under section 574 or 574A is inconsistent with a direction under section 576B, the direction under section 574 or 574A has no effect to the extent of the inconsistency.

Former registered holders of titles

             (3)  A person to whom a direction has been given under section 576B remains subject to the direction even if the person stops being the registered holder of the title.

Codes of practice and standards

             (4)  A direction under section 576B may make provision in relation to a matter by applying, adopting or incorporating (with or without modification) a code of practice or standard contained in an instrument as in force or existing at the time when the direction takes effect, to the extent that the code of practice or standard is relevant to that matter.

             (5)  To avoid doubt, subsection (4) applies to an instrument, whether issued or made in Australia or outside Australia.

             (6)  If a direction under section 576B makes provision in relation to a matter by applying, adopting or incorporating (with or without modification) a code of practice or standard, NOPSEMA must ensure that the text of the code of practice or standard applied, adopted or incorporated is published on NOPSEMA’s website.

             (7)  Subsection (6) does not apply if the publication would infringe copyright.

Directions are not legislative instruments

             (8)  A direction made under section 576B is not a legislative instrument.

576D  Directions for significant offshore petroleum incidents—compliance

Basic rule

             (1)  A person contravenes this subsection if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a direction under section 576B; and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct breaches the direction.

Note 1:       NOPSEMA may do anything required to be done under a direction in the event of a breach of the direction (see section 577).

Note 2:       It is a defence in a proceeding for an offence or civil penalty order under this section if the person subject to the direction proves that the person took all reasonable steps to comply with the direction (see section 578).

Fault‑based offence

             (2)  A person commits an offence if the person contravenes subsection (1).

Penalty:  5 years imprisonment or 2,000 penalty units, or both.

             (3)  For the purposes of applying Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code to the offence in subsection (2), the physical elements of the offence are set out in subsection (1).

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out general principles of criminal responsibility.

Strict liability offence

             (4)  A person commits an offence of strict liability if the person contravenes subsection (1).

Penalty:  100 penalty units.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Civil penalty provision

             (5)  A person is liable to a civil penalty if the person contravenes subsection (1).

Civil penalty:          2,250 penalty units.

Continuing offences and continuing contraventions of civil penalty provisions

             (6)  The maximum penalty for each day that an offence under subsection (2) or (4) continues is 10% of the maximum penalty that can be imposed in respect of that offence.

Note:          Subsections (2) and (4) are continuing offences under section 4K of the Crimes Act 1914.

             (7)  The maximum civil penalty for each day that a contravention of subsection (5) continues is 10% of the maximum civil penalty that can be imposed in respect of that contravention.

Note:          Subsection (5) is a continuing civil penalty provision under section 93 of the Regulatory Powers Act.

Division 3NOPSEMA or the responsible Commonwealth Minister may take action if there is a breach of a direction

577  NOPSEMA may take action if there is a breach of a direction

Action by NOPSEMA

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person is subject to a direction given by the Joint Authority or NOPSEMA under:

                              (i)  Chapter 2; or

                             (ii)  this Chapter; or

                            (iii)  Part 7.1; or

                            (iv)  the regulations; and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct breaches the direction;

NOPSEMA may do any or all of the things required by the direction to be done.

Recovery of costs and expenses incurred by NOPSEMA

             (3)  Costs or expenses incurred by NOPSEMA under subsection (1) in relation to a direction are:

                     (a)  a debt due to the Commonwealth by the person subject to the direction; and

                     (b)  recoverable in a court of competent jurisdiction.

Exception—direction that has an extended application

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a direction under section 574 applies to:

                              (i)  a registered holder; and

                             (ii)  another person; and

                     (b)  an action under subsection (3) relating to the direction is brought against the other person; and

                     (c)  the other person adduces evidence that the other person did not know, and could not reasonably be expected to have known, of the existence of the direction;

the other person is not liable under subsection (3) unless the plaintiff proves that the other person knew, or could reasonably be expected to have known, of the existence of the direction.

Defence

             (5)  In an action under subsection (3), it is a defence if the defendant proves that the defendant took all reasonable steps to comply with the direction.

577A  Responsible Commonwealth Minister may take action if there is a breach of a direction

Action by responsible Commonwealth Minister

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person is subject to a direction given by the responsible Commonwealth Minister under this Part; and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct breaches the direction;

the responsible Commonwealth Minister may do any or all of the things required by the direction to be done.

Recovery of costs and expenses incurred by the responsible Commonwealth Minister

             (2)  Costs or expenses incurred by the responsible Commonwealth Minister under subsection (1) in relation to a direction are:

                     (a)  a debt due to the Commonwealth by the person subject to the direction; and

                     (b)  recoverable in a court of competent jurisdiction.

Exception—direction that has an extended application

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a direction under section 574A applies to:

                              (i)  a registered holder; and

                             (ii)  another person; and

                     (b)  an action under subsection (2) relating to the direction is brought against the other person; and

                     (c)  the other person adduces evidence that the other person did not know, and could not reasonably be expected to have known, of the existence of the direction;

the other person is not liable under subsection (2) unless the plaintiff proves that the other person knew, or could reasonably be expected to have known, of the existence of the direction.

Defence

             (4)  In an action under subsection (2), it is a defence if the defendant proves that the defendant took all reasonable steps to comply with the direction.

Division 4Defence of taking reasonable steps to comply with a direction

578  Defence of taking reasonable steps to comply with a direction

             (1)  It is a defence in a prosecution for an offence, or in proceedings for a civil penalty order, for a breach of a direction covered by subsection (2) if the defendant proves that the defendant took all reasonable steps to comply with the direction.

Note:          The defendant bears a legal burden in relation to a prosecution for an offence: see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code. The same applies in proceedings for a civil penalty.

             (2)  This subsection covers the following directions:

                     (a)  a direction given by the Joint Authority or NOPSEMA under:

                              (i)  Chapter 2; or

                             (ii)  this Chapter; or

                            (iii)  Part 7.1; or

                            (iv)  a regulation; or

                     (b)  a direction given by the responsible Commonwealth Minister under this Part or Division 1 of Part 6.4.

Part 6.3Directions relating to greenhouse gas

Division 1Simplified outline

579  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      The responsible Commonwealth Minister may give a direction to a greenhouse gas titleholder. A direction may extend to other persons.

•      If there is a breach of a direction given by the responsible Commonwealth Minister under Chapter 3, this Chapter or the regulations, the responsible Commonwealth Minister may do anything required by the direction to be done, and the responsible Commonwealth Minister’s costs may be recovered from the person to whom the direction was given.

•      In a prosecution for an offence relating to a breach of a direction given by the responsible Commonwealth Minister under Chapter 3, this Chapter or the regulations, it is a defence if the defendant proves that the defendant took all reasonable steps to comply with the direction.

Division 2General power to give directions

580  General power to give directions

Definitions

             (1)  In this section:

greenhouse gas matter means:

                     (a)  exploring for a potential greenhouse gas storage formation; or

                     (b)  exploring for a potential greenhouse gas injection site; or

                     (c)  the injection of a greenhouse gas substance into the seabed or subsoil of an offshore area; or

                     (d)  the storage of a greenhouse gas substance in the seabed or subsoil of an offshore area.

title means:

                     (a)  a greenhouse gas assessment permit; or

                     (b)  a greenhouse gas holding lease; or

                     (c)  a greenhouse gas injection licence; or

                     (d)  a greenhouse gas search authority; or

                     (e)  a greenhouse gas special authority.

Direction to registered holder

             (2)  The responsible Commonwealth Minister may, by written notice given to the registered holder of a title, give the registered holder a direction as to any matter in relation to which regulations may be made.

Note 1:       Section 782 is the main provision setting out matters in relation to which regulations may be made.

Note 2:       For enforcement, see section 582.

Extended application of direction

             (3)  A direction given under this section to a registered holder applies to the registered holder and may also be expressed to apply to:

                     (a)  a specified class of persons, so long as the class consists of, or is included in, either or both of the following classes:

                              (i)  employees or agents of, or persons acting on behalf of, the registered holder;

                             (ii)  persons performing work or services, whether directly or indirectly, for the registered holder; or

                     (b)  any person (other than the registered holder or a person to whom the direction applies in accordance with paragraph (a)) who is:

                              (i)  in an offshore area for any reason touching, concerning, arising out of, or connected with, a greenhouse gas matter; or

                             (ii)  in, on, above, below or in the vicinity of a vessel, aircraft, structure or installation, or equipment or other property, that is in the offshore area for a reason of that kind.

             (4)  If a direction so expressed is given, the direction is taken to apply to each person included in the specified class mentioned in paragraph (3)(a) or to each person who is in the offshore area as mentioned in paragraph (3)(b), as the case may be.

Note:          For notification requirements, see section 581.

Additional matters

             (5)  A direction under this section has effect, and must be complied with, despite:

                     (a)  any previous direction under this section; and

                     (b)  anything in the regulations or the applied provisions.

Note:          For applied provisions, see subsection 80(2).

             (6)  A direction under this section may make provision in relation to a matter by applying, adopting or incorporating (with or without modification) a code of practice or standard contained in an instrument as in force or existing at the time when the direction takes effect, so long as the code of practice or standard is relevant to that matter.

             (7)  To avoid doubt, subsection (6) applies to an instrument, whether issued or made in Australia or outside Australia.

             (8)  A direction under this section may prohibit the doing of an act or thing:

                     (a)  unconditionally; or

                     (b)  subject to conditions, including conditions requiring the consent or approval of a person specified in the direction.

Directions

             (9)  If paragraph (3)(b) applies to a direction under this section, the direction is a legislative instrument.

           (10)  If paragraph (3)(b) does not apply to a direction under this section, the direction is not a legislative instrument.

581  Notification of a direction that has an extended application

Notification

             (1)  If a direction under section 580 applies to:

                     (a)  a registered holder; and

                     (b)  a person referred to in paragraph 580(3)(a);

the registered holder must cause a copy of the notice by which the direction was given to be:

                     (c)  given to that other person; or

                     (d)  displayed at a prominent position at a place in the offshore area frequented by that other person.

             (2)  If a direction under section 580 applies to:

                     (a)  a registered holder; and

                     (b)  a person referred to in paragraph 580(3)(b);

the registered holder must cause a copy of the notice by which the direction was given to be displayed at a prominent position at a place in the offshore area.

             (3)  If a direction under section 580 applies to:

                     (a)  a registered holder; and

                     (b)  a person referred to in paragraph 580(3)(b);

the responsible Commonwealth Minister may, by written notice given to the registered holder, require the registered holder to cause to be displayed:

                     (c)  at such places in the offshore area; and

                     (d)  in such manner;

as are specified in the notice, copies of the notice by which the direction was given.

Offence

             (4)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a requirement under subsection (1), (2) or (3); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission breaches the requirement.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (5)  An offence against subsection (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

582  Compliance with directions

Offence

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a direction under section 580; and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct breaches the direction.

Penalty:  100 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Defence

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a direction under section 580 applies to:

                              (i)  a registered holder; and

                             (ii)  another person; and

                     (b)  the other person is prosecuted for an offence against subsection (1) in relation to a breach of the direction; and

                     (c)  the other person adduces evidence that the other person did not know, and could not reasonably be expected to have known, of the existence of the direction;

the other person is not to be convicted of the offence unless the prosecution proves that the other person knew, or could reasonably be expected to have known, of the existence of the direction.

Division 3Responsible Commonwealth Minister may take action if there is a breach of a direction

583  Responsible Commonwealth Minister may take action if there is a breach of a direction

Action by responsible Commonwealth Minister

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person is subject to a direction given by the responsible Commonwealth Minister under:

                              (i)  Chapter 3; or

                             (ii)  this Chapter (other than Part 6.2); or

                            (iii)  Part 8.1; or

                            (iv)  the regulations; and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct breaches the direction;

the responsible Commonwealth Minister may do any or all of the things required by the direction to be done.

Recovery of costs and expenses incurred by the responsible Commonwealth Minister

             (2)  Costs or expenses incurred by the responsible Commonwealth Minister under subsection (1) in relation to a direction are:

                     (a)  a debt due to the Commonwealth by the person subject to the direction; and

                     (b)  recoverable in a court of competent jurisdiction.

Exception—direction that has an extended application

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a direction under section 580 applies to:

                              (i)  a registered holder; and

                             (ii)  another person; and

                     (b)  an action under subsection (2) relating to the direction is brought against the other person; and

                     (c)  the other person adduces evidence that the other person did not know, and could not reasonably be expected to have known, of the existence of the direction;

the other person is not liable under subsection (2) unless the plaintiff proves that the other person knew, or could reasonably be expected to have known, of the existence of the direction.

Defence

             (4)  In an action under subsection (2), it is a defence if the defendant proves that the defendant took all reasonable steps to comply with the direction.

Division 4Defence of taking reasonable steps to comply with a direction

584  Defence of taking reasonable steps to comply with a direction

                   In a prosecution for an offence in relation to a breach of a direction given by the responsible Commonwealth Minister under:

                     (a)  Chapter 3; or

                     (b)  this Chapter (other than Part 6.2 or Division 1 of Part 6.4); or

                     (c)  Part 8.1; or

                     (d)  the regulations;

it is a defence if the defendant proves that the defendant took all reasonable steps to comply with the direction.

Note:          The defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the matter in this section—see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code.

Part 6.4Restoration of the environment

Division 1Petroleum

585  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Division:

•      NOPSEMA may give remedial directions to petroleum titleholders or former petroleum titleholders about the following matters:

               (a)     the removal of property;

              (b)     the plugging or closing off of wells;

               (c)     the conservation and protection of natural resources;

              (d)     the making good of damage to the seabed or subsoil.

•      The responsible Commonwealth Minister may give remedial directions to petroleum titleholders or former petroleum titleholders about the following matters:

               (a)     the plugging or closing off of wells;

              (b)     the conservation and protection of natural resources;

               (c)     the making good of damage to the seabed or subsoil.

•      If there is a breach of a remedial direction, NOPSEMA or the responsible Commonwealth Minister may do anything required by the direction to be done.

•      If property has not been removed in accordance with a remedial direction, NOPSEMA may direct the owner to remove or dispose of the property.

585A  Remedial directions for petroleum—power to issue directions under different provisions

                   The power to give a direction under a provision of this Division to a person in relation to a matter does not limit the power of NOPSEMA or the responsible Commonwealth Minister to give a direction to the person in relation to the same (or a different) matter under:

                     (a)  another provision of this Division; or

                     (b)  a provision of Part 6.2 (which deals with petroleum directions).

586  Remedial directions to current holders of permits, leases and licences—NOPSEMA

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to:

                     (a)  a petroleum exploration permit; or

                     (b)  a petroleum retention lease; or

                     (c)  a petroleum production licence; or

                     (d)  an infrastructure licence; or

                     (e)  a pipeline licence.

Direction to registered holder

             (2)  NOPSEMA may, by written notice given to the registered holder of the permit, lease or licence, direct the holder to do any or all of the following things on or before the applicable date:

                     (a)  to:

                              (i)  remove, or cause to be removed, from the title area all property brought into that area by any person engaged or concerned in the operations authorised by the permit, lease or licence; or

                             (ii)  make arrangements that are satisfactory to NOPSEMA in relation to that property;

                     (b)  to plug or close off, to the satisfaction of NOPSEMA, all wells made in the title area by any person engaged or concerned in those operations;

                     (c)  to provide, to the satisfaction of NOPSEMA, for the conservation and protection of the natural resources in the title area;

                     (d)  to make good, to the satisfaction of NOPSEMA, any damage to the seabed or subsoil in the title area caused by any person engaged or concerned in those operations.

Note 1:       For applicable date and title area, see subsection (6).

Note 2:       For variation and revocation, see subsection 33(3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

Note 3:       A direction under this section has no effect to the extent of any inconsistency with a direction under section 586A: see subsection 586A(9).

Note 4:       Breach of a direction may attract a criminal or civil penalty: see section 587B.

             (3)  In attaining a state of satisfaction for the purposes of paragraph (2)(b), NOPSEMA:

                     (a)  in the case of a declared petroleum exploration permit, declared petroleum retention lease or declared petroleum production licence—must have regard; or

                     (b)  otherwise—may have regard;

to the principle that plugging or closing off wells should be carried out in a way that restores or maintains the suitability of a part of a geological formation for the permanent storage of greenhouse gas substances.

             (4)  Paragraph (2)(c) has effect subject to:

                     (a)  Chapter 2; and

                     (b)  this Chapter; and

                     (c)  the regulations.

Applicable date and title area

             (6)  For the purposes of this section, the table has effect:

 

Applicable date and title area

Item

In the case of...

the applicable date is...

and the title area is...

1

a petroleum exploration permit

the expiry date of the permit

the permit area.

2

a petroleum retention lease

the expiry date of the lease

the lease area.

3

a fixed‑term petroleum production licence

the expiry date of the licence

the licence area.

4

a petroleum production licence that is not a fixed‑term petroleum production licence

the first date on which the licence can be terminated under this Act

the licence area.

5

an infrastructure licence

the first date on which the licence can be terminated under this Act

the licence area.

6

a pipeline licence

the first date on which the licence can be terminated under this Act

the part of the offshore area in which the pipeline is constructed.

             (7)  A notice under subsection (2) need not identify the applicable date as a particular calendar date.

586A  Remedial directions to current holders of permits, leases and licences—responsible Commonwealth Minister

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to:

                     (a)  a petroleum exploration permit; or

                     (b)  a petroleum retention lease; or

                     (c)  a petroleum production licence; or

                     (d)  an infrastructure licence; or

                     (e)  a pipeline licence.

Direction to registered holder

             (2)  The responsible Commonwealth Minister may, by written notice given to the registered holder of the permit, lease or licence, direct the holder to do any or all of the following things on or before the applicable date:

                     (a)  to plug or close off, to the satisfaction of the responsible Commonwealth Minister, all wells made in the title area by any person engaged or concerned in those operations;

                     (b)  to provide, to the satisfaction of the responsible Commonwealth Minister, for the conservation and protection of the natural resources in the title area;

                     (c)  to make good, to the satisfaction of the responsible Commonwealth Minister, any damage to the seabed or subsoil in the title area caused by any person engaged or concerned in those operations;

so long as the direction is given for a purpose that relates to:

                     (d)  resource management; or

                     (e)  resource security.

Note 1:       For applicable date and title area, see subsection (7).

Note 2:       For variation and revocation, see subsection 33(3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

Note 3:       Breach of a direction may attract a criminal or civil penalty: see section 587B.

             (3)  In attaining a state of satisfaction for the purposes of paragraph (2)(a), the responsible Commonwealth Minister:

                     (a)  in the case of a declared petroleum exploration permit, declared petroleum retention lease or declared petroleum production licence—must have regard; or

                     (b)  otherwise—may have regard;

to the principle that plugging or closing off wells should be carried out in a way that restores or maintains the suitability of a part of a geological formation for the permanent storage of greenhouse gas substances.

             (4)  Paragraph (2)(b) has effect subject to:

                     (a)  Chapter 2; and

                     (b)  this Chapter; and

                     (c)  the regulations.

Applicable date and title area

             (7)  For the purposes of this section, the table has effect:

 

Applicable date and title area

Item

In the case of...

the applicable date is...

and the title area is...

1

a petroleum exploration permit

the expiry date of the permit

the permit area.

2

a petroleum retention lease

the expiry date of the lease

the lease area.

3

a fixed‑term petroleum production licence

the expiry date of the licence

the licence area.

4

a petroleum production licence that is not a fixed‑term petroleum production licence

the first date on which the licence can be terminated under this Act

the licence area.

5

an infrastructure licence

the first date on which the licence can be terminated under this Act

the licence area.

6

a pipeline licence

the first date on which the licence can be terminated under this Act

the part of the offshore area in which the pipeline is constructed.

             (8)  A notice under subsection (2) need not identify the applicable date as a particular calendar date.

Inconsistency

             (9)  If a direction under section 586 is inconsistent with a direction under this section, the direction under section 586 has no effect to the extent of the inconsistency.

587  Remedial directions to former holders of permits, leases, licences and authorities etc.—NOPSEMA

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an event specified in the table has happened:

 

Scope

Item

Title

Event

1

Petroleum exploration permit

(a) the permit has been wholly or partly revoked;

(b) the permit has been wholly or partly cancelled;

(c) the permit has expired.

2

Petroleum retention lease

(a) the lease has been wholly or partly revoked;

(b) the lease has been cancelled;

(c) the lease has expired.

3

Petroleum production licence

(a) the licence has been wholly or partly revoked;

(b) the licence has been wholly or partly cancelled;

(c) the licence has been terminated;

(d) the licence has expired.

4

Infrastructure licence

(a) the licence has been cancelled;

(b) the licence has been terminated.

5

Pipeline licence

(a) the licence has been wholly or partly cancelled;

(b) the licence has been wholly or partly terminated.

6

Petroleum special prospecting authority

(a) the authority has been surrendered;

(b) the authority has been cancelled;

(c)  the authority has expired.

7

Petroleum access authority

(a) the authority has been revoked;

(b) the authority has been surrendered;

(c)  the authority has expired.

Direction

             (2)  NOPSEMA may, by written notice given to the person who was, or is, as the case may be, the registered holder of the permit, lease, licence or authority, direct the person to do any or all of the following things within the period specified in the notice:

                     (a)  to:

                              (i)  remove, or cause to be removed, from the vacated area all property brought into that area by any person engaged or concerned in the operations authorised by the permit, lease, licence or authority; or

                             (ii)  make arrangements that are satisfactory to NOPSEMA in relation to that property;

                     (b)  to plug or close off, to the satisfaction of NOPSEMA, all wells made in the vacated area by any person engaged or concerned in those operations;

                     (c)  to provide, to the satisfaction of NOPSEMA, for the conservation and protection of the natural resources in the vacated area;

                     (d)  to make good, to the satisfaction of NOPSEMA, any damage to the seabed or subsoil in the vacated area caused by any person engaged or concerned in those operations.

Note 1:       A direction under this section has no effect to the extent of any inconsistency with a direction under section 587A: see subsection 587A(8).

Note 2:       Breach of a direction may attract a criminal or civil penalty: see section 587B.

             (3)  The period specified in the notice must be reasonable.

             (4)  In attaining a state of satisfaction for the purposes of paragraph (2)(b), NOPSEMA:

                     (a)  in the case of a declared petroleum exploration permit, declared petroleum retention lease or declared petroleum production licence—must have regard; or

                     (b)  otherwise—may have regard;

to the principle that plugging or closing off wells should be carried out in a way that restores or maintains the suitability of a part of a geological formation for the permanent storage of greenhouse gas substances.

             (5)  Paragraph (2)(c) has effect subject to:

                     (a)  Chapter 2; and

                     (b)  this Chapter; and

                     (c)  the regulations.

587A  Remedial directions to former holders of permits, leases, licences and authorities etc.—responsible Commonwealth Minister

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an event specified in the table has happened:

 

Scope

Item

Title

Event

1

Petroleum exploration permit

(a) the permit has been wholly or partly revoked;

(b) the permit has been wholly or partly cancelled;

(c) the permit has expired.

2

Petroleum retention lease

(a) the lease has been wholly or partly revoked;

(b) the lease has been cancelled;

(c) the lease has expired.

3

Petroleum production licence

(a) the licence has been wholly or partly revoked;

(b) the licence has been wholly or partly cancelled;

(c) the licence has been terminated;

(d) the licence has expired.

4

Infrastructure licence

(a) the licence has been cancelled;

(b) the licence has been terminated.

5

Pipeline licence

(a) the licence has been wholly or partly cancelled;

(b) the licence has been wholly or partly terminated.

6

Petroleum special prospecting authority

(a) the authority has been surrendered;

(b) the authority has been cancelled;

(c)  the authority has expired.

7

Petroleum access authority

(a) the authority has been revoked;

(b) the authority has been surrendered;

(c)  the authority has expired.

Direction

             (2)  The responsible Commonwealth Minister may, by written notice given to the person who was, or is, as the case may be, the registered holder of the permit, lease, licence or authority, direct the person to do any or all of the following things within the period specified in the notice:

                     (a)  to plug or close off, to the satisfaction of the responsible Commonwealth Minister, all wells made in the vacated area by any person engaged or concerned in those operations;

                     (b)  to provide, to the satisfaction of the responsible Commonwealth Minister, for the conservation and protection of the natural resources in the vacated area;

                     (c)  to make good, to the satisfaction of the responsible Commonwealth Minister, any damage to the seabed or subsoil in the vacated area caused by any person engaged or concerned in those operations:

so long as the direction is given for the purposes of:

                     (d)  resource management; or

                     (e)  resource security.

Note:          Breach of a direction may attract a criminal or civil penalty: see section 587B.

             (3)  The period specified in the notice must be reasonable.

             (4)  In attaining a state of satisfaction for the purposes of paragraph (2)(a), the responsible Commonwealth Minister:

                     (a)  in the case of a declared petroleum exploration permit, declared petroleum retention lease or declared petroleum production licence—must have regard; or

                     (b)  otherwise—may have regard;

to the principle that plugging or closing off wells should be carried out in a way that restores or maintains the suitability of a part of a geological formation for the permanent storage of greenhouse gas substances.

             (5)  Paragraph (2)(b) has effect subject to:

                     (a)  Chapter 2; and

                     (b)  this Chapter; and

                     (c)  the regulations.

Inconsistency

             (8)  If a direction under section 587 is inconsistent with a direction under this section, the direction under section 587 has no effect to the extent of the inconsistency.

587B  Remedial directions—compliance

Basic rule

             (1)  A person contravenes this subsection if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a remedial direction; and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct breaches the direction.

Fault‑based offence

             (2)  A person commits an offence if the person contravenes subsection (1).

Penalty:  5 years imprisonment or 2,000 penalty units, or both.

             (3)  For the purposes of applying Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code to the offence in subsection (2), the physical elements of the offence are set out in subsection (1).

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out general principles of criminal responsibility.

Strict liability offence

             (4)  A person commits an offence of strict liability if the person contravenes subsection (1).

Penalty:  100 penalty units.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Civil penalty provision

             (5)  A person is liable to a civil penalty if the person contravenes subsection (1).

Civil penalty:          525 penalty units.

Continuing offences and continuing contraventions of civil penalty provisions

          (5A)  The maximum penalty for each day that an offence under subsection (2) or (4) continues is 10% of the maximum penalty that can be imposed in respect of that offence.

Note:          Subsections (2) and (4) are continuing offences under section 4K of the Crimes Act 1914.

          (5B)  The maximum civil penalty for each day that a contravention of subsection (5) continues is 10% of the maximum civil penalty that can be imposed in respect of that contravention.

Note:          Subsection (5) is a continuing civil penalty provision under section 93 of the Regulatory Powers Act.

Remedial directions

             (6)  In this section:

remedial direction means a direction under any of the following provisions:

                     (a)  section 586 (petroleum titleholders—NOPSEMA direction);

                     (b)  section 586A (petroleum titleholders—responsible Commonwealth Minister direction);

                     (c)  section 587 (former petroleum titleholders—NOPSEMA direction);

                     (d)  section 587A (former petroleum titleholders—responsible Commonwealth Minister direction).

Note 1:       NOPSEMA may do anything required to be done under a direction under section 587 in the event of a breach of the direction (see section 588).

Note 2:       The responsible Commonwealth Minister may do anything required to be done under a direction under section 587A in the event of a breach of the direction (see section 590A).

588  NOPSEMA may take action if a direction has been breached

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a direction is given under section 587.

NOPSEMA may take action

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a direction under section 587 has been breached in relation to the vacated area; or

                     (b)  an arrangement under section 587 has not been carried out in relation to the vacated area;

NOPSEMA may do any or all of the things required by the direction or arrangement to be done.

Direction to remove property

             (3)  If any property brought into the vacated area by any person engaged or concerned in the operations authorised by the permit, lease, licence or authority has not been removed in accordance with:

                     (a)  a direction under section 587 in relation to the vacated area; or

                     (b)  an arrangement under section 587 in relation to the vacated area;

NOPSEMA may, by written notice published in the Gazette, direct the owner or owners of that property to:

                     (c)  remove the property from the vacated area; or

                     (d)  dispose of the property to the satisfaction of NOPSEMA;

within the period specified in the notice.

Note:          For sanctions, see section 589.

             (4)  The period specified in the notice must be reasonable.

             (5)  If a direction is given under subsection (3) in relation to property, NOPSEMA must give a copy of the notice to each person whom NOPSEMA believes to be an owner of the property or of any part of the property.

589  Removal, disposal or sale of property by NOPSEMA—breach of direction

Power to remove, dispose of or sell property

             (1)  If a direction under subsection 588(3) has been breached in relation to property, NOPSEMA may do any or all of the following things:

                     (a)  remove, in such manner as NOPSEMA thinks fit, any or all of that property from the vacated area concerned;

                     (b)  dispose of, in such manner as NOPSEMA thinks fit, any or all of that property;

                     (c)  if, under subsection 588(5), a person was given a copy of the notice of the direction—sell, by public auction or otherwise, as NOPSEMA thinks fit, any or all of that property that belongs, or that NOPSEMA believes to belong, to that person.

Deduction of costs and expenses etc. from proceeds of sale

             (2)  NOPSEMA may deduct, from the proceeds of a sale under subsection (1) of property that belongs (or that NOPSEMA believes to belong) to a particular person, the whole or a part of:

                     (a)  any costs and expenses incurred by NOPSEMA under that subsection in relation to that property; and

                     (b)  any costs and expenses incurred by NOPSEMA in relation to the doing of any thing required by a direction under section 587 to be done by that person; and

                     (c)  any fees or amounts payable by that person under this Act, so long as the fee or amount concerned is due and payable; and

                     (d)  any amounts payable by that person under the Royalty Act, so long as the amount concerned is due and payable; and

                     (e)  any amounts payable by that person under section 10E of the Regulatory Levies Act, so long as the amount concerned is due and payable.

Balance of proceeds of sale to be paid to owner of property

             (3)  The proceeds of a sale of property under subsection (1), less any deductions under subsection (2), are to be paid to the owner of the property.

Recovery of costs and expenses—removal, disposal or sale of property

             (4)  If NOPSEMA incurs any costs or expenses under subsection (1) in relation to the removal, disposal or sale of property, the costs or expenses:

                     (a)  are a debt due by the owner of the property to NOPSEMA; and

                     (b)  to the extent to which they are not recovered under subsection (2)—are recoverable in a court of competent jurisdiction.

Recovery of costs and expenses—breach of direction

             (5)  If NOPSEMA incurs costs or expenses in relation to the doing of anything required by a direction under section 587 to be done by a person who is or was the registered holder of a petroleum exploration permit, petroleum retention lease, petroleum production licence, infrastructure licence, pipeline licence, petroleum special prospecting authority or petroleum access authority, the costs or expenses:

                     (a)  are a debt due by the person to NOPSEMA; and

                     (b)  to the extent to which they are not recovered under subsection (2)—are recoverable in a court of competent jurisdiction.

590  Removal, disposal or sale of property—limitation of action etc.

Limitation of action etc.

             (1)  Except as provided by subsection 589(4) or section 780, no action, suit or proceeding lies in relation to the removal, disposal or sale, or the purported removal, disposal or sale, of property under section 589.

             (2)  Section 768 does not apply to an act or matter to the extent to which subsection (1) of this section applies to the act or matter.

Judicial review

             (3)  This section does not affect:

                     (a)  any rights conferred on a person by the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977 to apply to a court in relation to:

                              (i)  a decision; or

                             (ii)  conduct engaged in for the purpose of making a decision; or

                            (iii)  a failure to make a decision; or

                     (b)  any other rights that a person has to seek a review by a court or tribunal in relation to:

                              (i)  a decision; or

                             (ii)  conduct engaged in for the purpose of making a decision; or

                            (iii)  a failure to make a decision.

             (4)  An expression used in subsection (3) has the same meaning as in section 10 of the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977.

590A  Responsible Commonwealth Minister may take action if a direction has been breached

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a direction is given under section 587A.

Responsible Commonwealth Minister may take action

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a direction under section 587A has been breached in relation to the vacated area; or

                     (b)  an arrangement under section 587A has not been carried out in relation to the vacated area;

the responsible Commonwealth Minister may do any or all of the things required by the direction or arrangement to be done.

Division 2Greenhouse gas

591  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Division:

•      The responsible Commonwealth Minister may give remedial directions to greenhouse gas titleholders or former greenhouse gas titleholders about the following matters:

               (a)     the removal of property;

              (b)     the plugging or closing off of wells;

               (c)     the conservation and protection of natural resources;

              (d)     the making good of damage to the seabed or subsoil.

•      The responsible Commonwealth Minister may give site closing directions to greenhouse gas injection licensees.

•      If there is a breach of a direction, the responsible Commonwealth Minister may do anything required by the direction to be done.

•      If property has not been removed in accordance with a direction, the responsible Commonwealth Minister may direct the owner to remove or dispose of the property.

591A  Remedial directions for greenhouse gas—power to issue directions under different provisions

                   The power to give a direction under a provision of this Division to a person in relation to a matter does not limit the power of the responsible Commonwealth Minister to give a direction to the person in relation to the same (or a different) matter under:

                     (a)  another provision of this Division; or

                     (b)  a provision of Part 6.3 (which deals with greenhouse gas directions).

592  Remedial directions to current holders of permits, leases and licences

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to:

                     (a)  a greenhouse gas assessment permit; or

                     (b)  a greenhouse gas holding lease; or

                     (c)  a greenhouse gas injection licence, if no operations for the injection of a greenhouse gas substance into an identified greenhouse gas storage formation have been carried on under the licence.

Direction to registered holder

             (2)  The responsible Commonwealth Minister may, by written notice given to the registered holder of the permit, lease or licence, direct the holder to do any or all of the following things on or before the applicable date:

                     (a)  to:

                              (i)  remove, or cause to be removed, from the title area all property brought into that area by any person engaged or concerned in the operations authorised by the permit, lease or licence; or

                             (ii)  make arrangements that are satisfactory to the responsible Commonwealth Minister in relation to that property;

                     (b)  to plug or close off, to the satisfaction of the responsible Commonwealth Minister, all wells made in the title area by any person engaged or concerned in those operations;

                     (c)  to provide, to the satisfaction of the responsible Commonwealth Minister, for the conservation and protection of the natural resources in the title area;

                     (d)  to make good, to the satisfaction of the responsible Commonwealth Minister, any damage to the seabed or subsoil in the title area caused by any person engaged or concerned in those operations.

Note 1:       For applicable date and title area, see subsection (6).

Note 2:       For variation and revocation, see subsection 33(3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (3)  Paragraph (2)(c) has effect subject to:

                     (a)  Chapter 3; and

                     (b)  this Chapter; and

                     (c)  the regulations.

             (4)  In attaining a state of satisfaction for the purposes of paragraph (2)(b), the responsible Commonwealth Minister must have regard to the principle that plugging or closing off wells should be carried out in a way that minimises damage to the petroleum‑bearing qualities of geological formations.

Offence

             (5)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a direction under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission breaches the direction.

Penalty:  100 penalty units.

          (5A)  An offence against subsection (5) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Applicable date and title area

             (6)  For the purposes of this section, the table has effect:

 

Applicable date and title area

Item

In the case of...

the applicable date is...

and the title area is...

1

a greenhouse gas assessment permit

the expiry date of the permit

the permit area.

2

a greenhouse gas holding lease (other than a special greenhouse gas holding lease)

the expiry date of the lease

the lease area.

3

a special greenhouse gas holding lease

the date determined, in writing, by the responsible Commonwealth Minister

the lease area.

4

a greenhouse gas injection licence

the first date on which the licence can be terminated under this Act

the licence area.

             (7)  A notice under subsection (2) need not identify the applicable date as a particular calendar date.

593  Site closing directions to current holders of greenhouse gas injection licences

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  an identified greenhouse gas storage formation is specified in a greenhouse gas injection licence; and

                     (b)  operations for the injection of a greenhouse gas substance into the identified greenhouse gas storage formation have been carried on under the licence; and

                     (c)  the responsible Commonwealth Minister is satisfied that operations for the injection of a greenhouse gas substance into the identified greenhouse gas storage formation have ceased; and

                     (d)  any of the following conditions is satisfied:

                              (i)  an application has been made for a site closing certificate in relation to the identified greenhouse gas storage formation;

                             (ii)  the licensee has breached the requirement imposed by subsection 386(4) to make an application for a site closing certificate in relation to the identified greenhouse gas storage formation;

                            (iii)  the licensee has breached a direction under subsection 386(9) to make an application for a site closing certificate in relation to the identified greenhouse gas storage formation.

Direction to registered holder

             (2)  The responsible Commonwealth Minister may, by written notice given to the registered holder of the licence, direct the holder to do any or all of the following things within the period specified in the notice:

                     (a)  to:

                              (i)  remove, or cause to be removed, from the licence area all property brought into that area by any person engaged or concerned in the operations authorised by the licence; or

                             (ii)  make arrangements that are satisfactory to the responsible Commonwealth Minister in relation to that property;

                     (b)  to plug or close off, to the satisfaction of the responsible Commonwealth Minister, all wells made in the licence area, whether or not those wells were made by a person engaged or concerned in those operations;

                     (c)  to provide, to the satisfaction of the responsible Commonwealth Minister, for the conservation and protection of the natural resources in the licence area;

                     (d)  to make good, to the satisfaction of the responsible Commonwealth Minister, any damage to the seabed or subsoil in the licence area (whether or not caused by any person engaged or concerned in those operations);

                     (e)  to carry out such operations as are specified in the notice for the monitoring of the behaviour of a greenhouse gas substance stored in the identified greenhouse gas storage formation concerned;

                      (f)  to undertake such activities as are specified in the notice for the purpose of:

                              (i)  eliminating; or

                             (ii)  mitigating; or

                            (iii)  managing; or

                            (iv)  remediating;

                            the risk that a greenhouse gas substance injected into the identified greenhouse gas storage formation will have a significant adverse impact on:

                             (v)  navigation; or

                            (vi)  fishing; or

                           (vii)  any activities being lawfully carried on, or that could be lawfully carried on, by way of the construction or operation of a pipeline; or

                          (viii)  the enjoyment of native title rights (within the meaning of the Native Title Act 1993); or

                            (ix)  the conservation or exploitation of natural resources (whether in an offshore area or elsewhere); or

                             (x)  the geotechnical integrity of the whole or a part of a geological formation or geological structure; or

                            (xi)  the environment; or

                           (xii)  human health or safety;

                     (g)  to undertake such activities as are specified in the notice for the purpose of:

                              (i)  ensuring; or

                             (ii)  increasing the likelihood;

                            that a greenhouse gas substance injected into the identified greenhouse gas storage formation will behave as predicted in Part A of the approved site plan for the identified greenhouse gas storage formation.

Note:          For variation and revocation, see subsection 33(3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (3)  The period specified in the notice must be reasonable.

             (4)  Paragraph (2)(c) has effect subject to:

                     (a)  Chapter 3; and

                     (b)  this Chapter; and

                     (c)  the regulations.

             (5)  Paragraphs (2)(a), (b), (c), (d) and (e) do not limit paragraph (2)(f) or (g).

             (6)  In attaining a state of satisfaction for the purposes of paragraph (2)(b), the responsible Commonwealth Minister must have regard to the principle that plugging or closing off wells should be carried out in a way that minimises damage to the petroleum‑bearing qualities of geological formations.

             (7)  A paragraph (2)(f) or (g) direction may require the registered holder of the licence to do something:

                     (a)  in the licence area; or

                     (b)  in an offshore area but outside the licence area.

Offence

             (8)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a direction under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission breaches the direction.

Penalty:  100 penalty units.

          (8A)  An offence against subsection (8) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Section does not limit other powers

             (9)  To avoid doubt, the powers conferred on the responsible Commonwealth Minister by this section do not limit the powers conferred on the responsible Commonwealth Minister by any other provision of this Act.

594  Consultation—directions to do something outside the licence area

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  the responsible Commonwealth Minister proposes to give a direction under section 593 to a greenhouse gas injection licensee; and

                     (b)  the direction requires the licensee to do something in an area (the action area) in an offshore area but outside the licence area; and

                     (c)  the action area is, to any extent, the subject of:

                              (i)  a greenhouse gas assessment permit; or

                             (ii)  a greenhouse gas holding lease; or

                            (iii)  a greenhouse gas injection licence; or

                            (iv)  a greenhouse gas search authority; or

                             (v)  a petroleum exploration permit; or

                            (vi)  a petroleum retention lease; or

                           (vii)  a petroleum production licence; or

                          (viii)  a petroleum special prospecting authority; and

                     (d)  the licensee mentioned in paragraph (a) is not the registered holder of the permit, lease, licence or authority mentioned in paragraph (c); and

                     (e)  the registered holder of the permit, lease, licence or authority mentioned in paragraph (c) has not given written consent to the giving of the direction.

Consultation

             (2)  Before giving the direction, the responsible Commonwealth Minister must:

                     (a)  by written notice given to the registered holder of the permit, lease, licence or authority mentioned in paragraph (1)(c), give at least 30 days notice of the responsible Commonwealth Minister’s intention to give the direction; and

                     (b)  give a copy of the notice to such other persons (if any) as the responsible Commonwealth Minister thinks fit.

             (3)  The notice must:

                     (a)  set out details of the direction that is proposed to be given; and

                     (b)  invite a person to whom the notice, or a copy of the notice, has been given to make a written submission to the responsible Commonwealth Minister about the proposal; and

                     (c)  specify a time limit for making that submission.

             (4)  In deciding whether to give the direction, the responsible Commonwealth Minister must take into account any submissions made in accordance with the notice.

Emergencies

             (5)  However, if the responsible Commonwealth Minister is satisfied that the direction is required to deal with an emergency:

                     (a)  subsections (2), (3) and (4) do not apply to the direction; and

                     (b)  as soon as practicable after the direction is given, the responsible Commonwealth Minister must give a copy of the direction to the registered holder of the permit, lease, licence or authority mentioned in paragraph (1)(c).

595  Remedial directions to former holders of permits, leases, licences and authorities etc.

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an event specified in the table has happened:

 

Scope

Item

Title

Event

1

Greenhouse gas assessment permit

(a) the permit has been cancelled;

(b) the permit has expired.

2

Greenhouse gas holding lease (other than a special greenhouse gas holding lease)

(a) the lease has been cancelled;

(b) the lease has expired.

3

Special greenhouse gas holding lease

the lease has been cancelled.

4

Greenhouse gas injection licence

(a) the licence has been cancelled;

(b) the licence has been terminated.

5

Greenhouse gas search authority

(a) the authority has been surrendered;

(b) the authority has been cancelled;

(c)  the authority has expired.

6

Greenhouse gas special authority

(a) the authority has been revoked;

(b) the authority has been surrendered;

(c)  the authority has expired.

Direction

             (2)  The responsible Commonwealth Minister may, by written notice given to the person who was, or is, as the case may be, the registered holder of the permit, lease, licence or authority, direct the person to do any or all of the following things within the period specified in the notice:

                     (a)  to:

                              (i)  remove, or cause to be removed, from the vacated area all property brought into that area by any person engaged or concerned in the operations authorised by the permit, lease, licence or authority; or

                             (ii)  make arrangements that are satisfactory to the responsible Commonwealth Minister in relation to that property;

                     (b)  to plug or close off, to the satisfaction of the responsible Commonwealth Minister, all wells made in the vacated area by any person engaged or concerned in those operations;

                     (c)  to provide, to the satisfaction of the responsible Commonwealth Minister, for the conservation and protection of the natural resources in the vacated area;

                     (d)  to make good, to the satisfaction of the responsible Commonwealth Minister, any damage to the seabed or subsoil in the vacated area caused by any person engaged or concerned in those operations.

             (3)  The period specified in the notice must be reasonable.

             (4)  Paragraph (2)(c) has effect subject to:

                     (a)  Chapter 3; and

                     (b)  this Chapter; and

                     (c)  the regulations.

             (5)  In attaining a state of satisfaction for the purposes of paragraph (2)(b), the responsible Commonwealth Minister must have regard to the principle that plugging or closing off wells should be carried out in a way that minimises damage to the petroleum‑bearing qualities of geological formations.

Offence

             (6)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a direction under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission breaches the direction.

Penalty:  100 penalty units.

             (7)  An offence against subsection (6) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

596  Responsible Commonwealth Minister may take action if a direction has been breached

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a direction is given under section 593 or 595.

Responsible Commonwealth Minister may take action

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a direction under section 593 has been breached; or

                     (b)  an arrangement under section 593 has not been carried out in relation to the licence area; or

                     (c)  a direction under section 595 has been breached in relation to the vacated area; or

                     (d)  an arrangement under section 595 has not been carried out in relation to the vacated area;

the responsible Commonwealth Minister may do any or all of the things required by the direction or arrangement to be done.

Direction to remove property

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a direction is given under section 593; and

                     (b)  any property brought into the licence area by any person engaged or concerned in the operations authorised by the licence has not been removed in accordance with:

                              (i)  the direction; or

                             (ii)  an arrangement under section 593 in relation to the licence area;

the responsible Commonwealth Minister may, by written notice published in the Gazette, direct the owner or owners of that property to:

                     (c)  remove the property from the licence area; or

                     (d)  dispose of the property to the satisfaction of the responsible Commonwealth Minister;

within the period specified in the notice.

Note:          For sanctions, see section 597.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a direction is given under section 595; and

                     (b)  any property brought into the vacated area by any person engaged or concerned in the operations authorised by the permit, lease, licence or authority has not been removed in accordance with:

                              (i)  a direction under section 595 in relation to the vacated area; or

                             (ii)  an arrangement under section 595 in relation to the vacated area;

the responsible Commonwealth Minister may, by written notice published in the Gazette, direct the owner or owners of that property to:

                     (c)  remove the property from the vacated area; or

                     (d)  dispose of the property to the satisfaction of the responsible Commonwealth Minister;

within the period specified in the notice.

Note:          For sanctions, see section 597.

             (5)  The period specified in the notice must be reasonable.

             (6)  If a direction is given under subsection (3) or (4) in relation to property, the responsible Commonwealth Minister must give a copy of the notice to each person whom the responsible Commonwealth Minister believes to be an owner of the property or of any part of the property.

597  Removal, disposal or sale of property by responsible Commonwealth Minister—breach of direction

Power to remove, dispose of or sell property

             (1)  If a direction under subsection 596(3) or (4) has been breached in relation to property, the responsible Commonwealth Minister may do any or all of the following things:

             (a)  in the case of a direction under subsection 596(3)—remove, in such manner as the responsible Commonwealth Minister thinks fit, any or all of that property from the licence area concerned;

                     (b)  in the case of a direction under subsection 596(4)—remove, in such manner as the responsible Commonwealth Minister thinks fit, any or all of that property from the vacated area concerned;

                     (c)  dispose of, in such manner as the responsible Commonwealth Minister thinks fit, any or all of that property;

                     (d)  if, under subsection 596(6), a person was given a copy of the notice of the direction—sell, by public auction or otherwise, as the responsible Commonwealth Minister thinks fit, any or all of that property that belongs, or that the responsible Commonwealth Minister believes to belong, to that person.

Deduction of costs and expenses etc. from proceeds of sale

             (2)  The responsible Commonwealth Minister may deduct, from the proceeds of a sale under subsection (1) of property that belongs (or that the responsible Commonwealth Minister believes to belong) to a particular person, the whole or a part of:

                     (a)  any costs and expenses incurred by the responsible Commonwealth Minister under that subsection in relation to that property; and

                     (b)  any costs and expenses incurred by the responsible Commonwealth Minister in relation to the doing of any thing required by a direction under section 593 or 595 to be done by that person; and

                     (c)  any fees or amounts payable by that person under this Act, so long as the fee or amount concerned is due and payable; and

                     (d)  any amounts payable by that person under section 10E of the Regulatory Levies Act, so long as the amount concerned is due and payable.

Balance of proceeds of sale to be paid to owner of property

             (3)  The proceeds of a sale of property under subsection (1), less any deductions under subsection (2), are to be paid to the owner of the property.

Recovery of costs and expenses—removal, disposal or sale of property

             (4)  If the responsible Commonwealth Minister incurs any costs or expenses under subsection (1) in relation to the removal, disposal or sale of property, the costs or expenses:

                     (a)  are a debt due by the owner of the property to the Commonwealth; and

                     (b)  to the extent to which they are not recovered under subsection (2)—are recoverable in a court of competent jurisdiction.

Recovery of costs and expenses—breach of direction

             (5)  If the responsible Commonwealth Minister incurs costs or expenses in relation to the doing of anything required by a direction under section 593 or 595 to be done by a person who is or was the registered holder of a greenhouse gas assessment permit, greenhouse gas holding lease, greenhouse gas injection licence, greenhouse gas search authority or greenhouse gas special authority, the costs or expenses:

                     (a)  are a debt due by the person to the Commonwealth; and

                     (b)  to the extent to which they are not recovered under subsection (2)—are recoverable in a court of competent jurisdiction.

598  Removal, disposal or sale of property—limitation of action etc.

Limitation of action etc.

             (1)  Except as provided by subsection 597(4) or section 780, no action, suit or proceeding lies in relation to the removal, disposal or sale, or the purported removal, disposal or sale, of property under section 597.

             (2)  Section 768 does not apply to an act or matter to the extent to which subsection (1) of this section applies to the act or matter.

Judicial review

             (3)  This section does not affect:

                     (a)  any rights conferred on a person by the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977 to apply to a court in relation to:

                              (i)  a decision; or

                             (ii)  conduct engaged in for the purpose of making a decision; or

                            (iii)  a failure to make a decision; or

                     (b)  any other rights that a person has to seek a review by a court or tribunal in relation to:

                              (i)  a decision; or

                             (ii)  conduct engaged in for the purpose of making a decision; or

                            (iii)  a failure to make a decision.

             (4)  An expression used in subsection (3) has the same meaning as in section 10 of the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977.

Part 6.5Compliance and enforcement

Division 1Petroleum

599  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Division:

•      The CEO may appoint inspectors (called NOPSEMA inspectors). The NOPSEMA inspectors may exercise powers of entry, monitoring and investigation for the purposes of this Act.

•      The exercise of some of these powers is provided for under Parts 2 and 3 of the Regulatory Powers Act. Those Parts of that Act are applied by this Division with suitable modifications.

•      A person must not interfere with offshore petroleum installations or operations.

•      A court may make a forfeiture order in relation to property used in the commission of an offence.

600  Definitions—this Division

                   In this Division:

CEO means the Chief Executive Officer of NOPSEMA.

evidential material has the same meaning as in the Regulatory Powers Act.

facility has the same meaning as in Schedule 3.

function includes duty.

listed NOPSEMA law: see section 601.

operator of a facility has the same meaning as in Schedule 3.

petroleum title means:

                     (a)  a petroleum exploration permit; or

                     (b)  a petroleum retention lease; or

                     (c)  a petroleum production licence; or

                     (d)  an infrastructure licence; or

                     (e)  a pipeline licence; or

                      (f)  a petroleum special prospecting authority; or

                     (g)  a petroleum access authority; or

                     (h)  a petroleum scientific investigation consent.

this Act includes a legislative instrument under this Act.

601  Meaning of listed NOPSEMA law

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, the provisions listed in the following table are the listed NOPSEMA laws, to the extent provided in the column headed “Provisions”:

 

Listed NOPSEMA laws

Item

Provisions

Topic

1

Chapter 2

Regulation of activities related to petroleum

2

Chapter 4

Registration of transfers of, and dealings in, petroleum titles

3

Sections 568 and 569

Works and operations obligations of petroleum titleholders

4

Sections 571 and 572, to the extent that the sections apply in relation to petroleum titles

Insurance and property obligations of petroleum titleholders

5

Part 6.2

Directions relating to petroleum

6

Division 1 of Part 6.4

Remedial directions for petroleum titleholders

7

Division 1 of Part 6.5

Compliance and enforcement—listed NOPSEMA laws

8

Part 6.6

Safety zones and the area to be avoided

9

Part 6.7, to the extent that the Part applies in relation to petroleum titles

Collection of fees and royalties payable to the Titles Administrator or the Commonwealth

10

Division 8 of Part 6.9

Collection of fees and levies payable to NOPSEMA

11

Division 4 of Part 6.10, to the extent that the Division applies in relation to petroleum titles

Collection of fees and levies payable to the Titles Administrator

12

Chapter 7

Information relating to petroleum

13

Schedule 2A

Petroleum environmental laws: additional NOPSEMA inspection powers

14

Schedule 3

Occupational health and safety (applying to offshore petroleum operations and offshore greenhouse gas storage operations)

15

The provisions of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage (Safety) Regulations 2009

Safety regulation (applying to offshore petroleum operations and offshore greenhouse gas storage operations)

16

The provisions of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage (Environment) Regulations 2009, to the extent that the regulations apply in relation to petroleum titles

Environment regulation

17

The provisions of Part 5 of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage (Resource Management and Administration) Regulations 2011, to the extent that the Part applies in relation to petroleum titles

Structural integrity of petroleum wells and well operations

18

The provisions of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage (Resource Management and Administration) Regulations 2011 (apart from Part 5), to the extent that the regulations apply in relation to petroleum titles

Resource management and administration

19

A provision of a legislative instrument under this Act, if (and to the extent that) it is prescribed by regulation for the purposes of this section

As stated in the regulation

             (2)  A listed NOPSEMA law includes a requirement made under a provision listed in the table in subsection (1).

602  NOPSEMA inspectors—appointment

Appointment generally

             (1)  The CEO may, in writing, appoint as NOPSEMA inspectors any of the following:

                     (a)  a member of the staff of NOPSEMA;

                     (b)  an employee of the Commonwealth or of a Commonwealth authority;

                     (c)  an employee of a State or of the Northern Territory, or of an authority of a State or of the Northern Territory.

             (2)  Despite subsection (1), the CEO may appoint as NOPSEMA inspectors persons who are not covered by paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (c), if the appointment is for a period, and for the performance of functions, stated in the instrument of appointment.

             (3)  The CEO must not appoint a person as a NOPSEMA inspector unless the CEO is satisfied that the person has suitable training or experience to properly exercise the powers of a NOPSEMA inspector (subject to any limitations as to powers or functions stated in an instrument under subsection (2) or a direction under 602A).

Identity cards

             (4)  An identity card issued to a NOPSEMA inspector under the Regulatory Powers Act must:

                     (a)  state that the inspector is a NOPSEMA inspector for the purposes of this Act; and

                     (b)  if the inspector is appointed subject to any limitations as to powers or functions stated in the instrument of appointment under subsection (2)—state that limitation; and

                     (c)  if the appointment is in relation to the Eastern Greater Sunrise offshore area—identify the inspector as a Greater Sunrise visiting inspector.

Powers etc. given by State or Territory PSLA

             (5)  In addition to the powers and functions given for the purposes of this Act, a NOPSEMA inspector has all the powers and functions that are given by or under a State PSLA or the Territory PSLA.

602A  NOPSEMA inspectors—directions by CEO

Directions etc. by the CEO

             (1)  The CEO may give written directions stating conditions subject to which a NOPSEMA inspector’s powers may be exercised for the purposes of this Act. If the CEO does so, the inspector’s powers must be exercised in accordance with those directions.

             (2)  The CEO may, by written notice, impose conditions (not inconsistent with any directions under subsection (1)) on the exercise of powers, or the performance of functions, by a particular NOPSEMA inspector for the purposes of this Act. If the CEO does so, the inspector’s powers and functions are to be exercised or performed subject to those conditions.

Status of directions and notices as legislative instruments

             (3)  If a direction under subsection (1) is of general application, the direction is a legislative instrument.

             (4)  If a direction under subsection (1) is not of general application, the direction is not a legislative instrument.

             (5)  A notice under subsection (2) is not a legislative instrument.

602B  NOPSEMA inspectors—reimbursement for exercise of powers relating to the Titles Administrator

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a NOPSEMA inspector:

                     (a)  engages in activities that are preparatory to the exercise, or the possible exercise, of a power for a purpose that relates to the powers or functions of the Titles Administrator; or

                     (b)  exercises a power for a purpose that relates to the powers or functions of the Titles Administrator.

Reimbursement

             (2)  NOPSEMA and the Titles Administrator may, with the agreement of the responsible Commonwealth Minister, make a written determination that provides that an amount worked out in accordance with the determination is, on a day worked out in accordance with the determination, to be debited from the National Offshore Petroleum Titles Administrator Special Account.

Note:          The Commonwealth must pay a corresponding amount to NOPSEMA (see paragraph 682(1)(b)).

             (3)  The Titles Administrator must publish a determination under subsection (2) on the Department’s website.

             (4)  A determination under subsection (2) is not a legislative instrument.

602C  Listed NOPSEMA laws—monitoring powers (general)

Provisions subject to monitoring

             (1)  The listed NOPSEMA laws are subject to monitoring under Part 2 of the Regulatory Powers Act.

Note 1:       Part 2 of the Regulatory Powers Act creates a framework for monitoring whether the listed NOPSEMA laws have been complied with. It includes powers of entry, search and inspection.

Note 2:       For the listed NOPSEMA laws, see section 601.

Information subject to monitoring

             (2)  Information given in compliance or purported compliance with one or more of the listed NOPSEMA laws is subject to monitoring under Part 2 of the Regulatory Powers Act.

Note:          Part 2 of the Regulatory Powers Act creates a framework for monitoring whether the information is correct. It includes powers of entry, search and inspection.

Related provisions

             (3)  For the purposes of Part 2 of the Regulatory Powers Act, each of the following is related to the listed NOPSEMA laws and the information mentioned in subsection (2):

                     (a)  a provision for an offence against this Act;

                     (b)  a civil penalty provision under this Act;

                     (c)  a provision for an offence against the Crimes Act 1914 or the Criminal Code that relates to this Act.

Authorised applicant

             (4)  For the purposes of Part 2 of the Regulatory Powers Act, a NOPSEMA inspector is an authorised applicant in relation to both of the following:

                     (a)  the listed NOPSEMA laws;

                     (b)  the information mentioned in subsection (2).

Authorised person

             (5)  For the purposes of Part 2 of the Regulatory Powers Act, a NOPSEMA inspector is an authorised person in relation to both of the following:

                     (a)  the listed NOPSEMA laws;

                     (b)  the information mentioned in subsection (2).

Issuing officer

             (6)  For the purposes of Part 2 of the Regulatory Powers Act, a magistrate, or a Judge of the Federal Circuit Court, is an issuing officer in relation to both of the following:

                     (a)  the listed NOPSEMA laws;

                     (b)  the information mentioned in subsection (2).

Relevant chief executive

             (7)  For the purposes of Part 2 of the Regulatory Powers Act, the CEO is the relevant chief executive in relation to both of the following:

                     (a)  the listed NOPSEMA laws;

                     (b)  the information mentioned in subsection (2).

Relevant court

             (8)  For the purposes of Part 2 of the Regulatory Powers Act, each of the following courts is a relevant court in relation to the listed NOPSEMA laws and the information mentioned in subsection (2):

                     (a)  the Federal Court;

                     (b)  the Federal Circuit Court;

                     (c)  the Supreme Court of a State or Territory.

Person assisting

             (9)  For the purposes of Part 2 of the Regulatory Powers Act, a NOPSEMA inspector may be assisted by a member (or members) of the staff of NOPSEMA in exercising powers or performing functions in relation to both of the following:

                     (a)  the listed NOPSEMA laws;

                     (b)  the information mentioned in subsection (2).

Extension to offshore areas

           (10)  Part 2 of the Regulatory Powers Act extends to each offshore area, in the application of that Part in relation to both of the following:

                     (a)  the listed NOPSEMA laws;

                     (b)  the information mentioned in subsection (2).

Note:          Under Schedule 3 to this Act, NOPSEMA inspectors may exercise additional powers, and perform additional functions, for the purpose of monitoring listed OHS laws, environmental management laws and structural integrity laws.

602D  Listed NOPSEMA laws—investigation powers (general)

Offences and civil penalty provisions that are subject to investigation

             (1)  The following are subject to investigation under Part 3 of the Regulatory Powers Act:

                     (a)  an offence against a listed NOPSEMA law;

                     (b)  a civil penalty provision that is a listed NOPSEMA law;

                     (c)  an offence against the Crimes Act 1914 or the Criminal Code that relates to an offence against a listed NOPSEMA law.

Note 1:       Part 3 of the Regulatory Powers Act creates a framework for investigating whether offences or civil penalty provisions that are subject to investigation have been committed or contravened. It includes powers of entry, search, inspection and seizure.

Note 2:       For the listed NOPSEMA laws, see section 601.

Related provisions

             (2)  For the purposes of Part 3 of the Regulatory Powers Act, each of the following is related to evidential material that relates to an offence or civil penalty provision mentioned in subsection (1):

                     (a)  a provision for an offence against this Act;

                     (b)  a civil penalty provision under this Act;

                     (c)  a provision for an offence against the Crimes Act 1914 or the Criminal Code that relates to this Act.

Authorised applicant

             (3)  For the purposes of Part 3 of the Regulatory Powers Act, a NOPSEMA inspector is an authorised applicant in relation to evidential material that relates to an offence or civil penalty provision mentioned in subsection (1).

Authorised person

             (4)  For the purposes of Part 3 of the Regulatory Powers Act, a NOPSEMA inspector is an authorised person in relation to evidential material that relates to an offence or civil penalty provision mentioned in subsection (1).

Issuing officer

             (5)  For the purposes of Part 3 of the Regulatory Powers Act, a magistrate, or a Judge of the Federal Circuit Court, is an issuing officer in relation to evidential material that relates to an offence or civil penalty provision mentioned in subsection (1).

Relevant chief executive

             (6)  For the purposes of Part 3 of the Regulatory Powers Act, the CEO is the relevant chief executive in relation to evidential material that relates to an offence or civil penalty provision mentioned in subsection (1).

Relevant court

             (7)  For the purposes of Part 3 of the Regulatory Powers Act, each of the following courts is a relevant court in relation to evidential material that relates to an offence or civil penalty provision mentioned in subsection (1):

                     (a)  the Federal Court;

                     (b)  the Federal Circuit Court;

                     (c)  the Supreme Court of a State or Territory.

Person assisting

             (8)  For the purposes of Part 3 of the Regulatory Powers Act, a NOPSEMA inspector may be assisted by a member (or members) of the staff of NOPSEMA in exercising powers or performing functions in relation to evidential material that relates to an offence or civil penalty provision mentioned in subsection (1).

Use of force in executing a warrant

             (9)  In executing an investigation warrant:

                     (a)  an authorised person may use such force against things as is necessary and reasonable in the circumstances; and

                     (b)  a person assisting the authorised person may use such force against things as is necessary and reasonable in the circumstances.

Extension to offshore areas

           (10)  Part 3 of the Regulatory Powers Act, as it applies in relation to an offence or civil penalty provision mentioned in subsection (1), extends to each offshore area.

602E  Listed NOPSEMA laws—additional powers

Additional powers

             (1)  A NOPSEMA inspector may exercise the powers covered by subsection (2) after entering premises under Part 3 of the Regulatory Powers Act (as it applies under this Division).

Powers that may be exercised

             (2)  The powers covered by this subsection are as follows:

                     (a)  if the inspector’s entry is in connection with a listed NOPSEMA law that is a petroleum environmental law—the power in relation to the premises that the inspector would have, if the inspector had entered the premises for the purposes of a petroleum environmental inspection under Schedule 2A, to issue any of the following:

                              (i)  an environmental do not disturb notice under clause 10 of Schedule 2A;

                             (ii)  an environmental prohibition notice under clause 11A of Schedule 2A;

                            (iii)  an environmental improvement notice under clause 11C of Schedule 2A;

                     (b)  if the inspector’s entry is in connection with a listed NOPSEMA law that is a listed OHS law—the powers in relation to the premises that the inspector would have, if the inspector had entered the premises for the purposes of an OHS inspection under Schedule 3, to issue any of the following:

                              (i)  an OHS do not disturb notice under clause 76 of Schedule 3;

                             (ii)  an OHS prohibition notice under clause 77 of Schedule 3;

                            (iii)  an OHS improvement notice under clause 78 of Schedule 3.

Application of Schedule 2A and Schedule 3

             (3)  Schedule 2A applies in relation to the exercise (as provided by this section) of a power covered by paragraph (2)(a) as if the inspector were conducting a petroleum environmental inspection under that Schedule.

             (4)  Schedule 3 applies in relation to the exercise (as provided by this section) of a power covered by paragraph (2)(b) as if the inspector were conducting an OHS inspection under that Schedule.

602F  Listed NOPSEMA laws—monitoring and investigation powers (special provisions)

Scope

             (1)  This section provides for extended or alternative meanings of terms used in Part 2 or 3 of the Regulatory Powers Act in the application of that Part under this Division.

Premises

             (2)  In that application (and without limiting its meaning under that Act) premises includes any vessel, structure or other thing located in an offshore area that is used, or that has been used, for the purposes of either of the following (within the meaning of Part 6.9):

                     (a)  offshore petroleum operations;

                     (b)  offshore greenhouse gas storage operations.

Examples of premises:

(a)    a facility (within the meaning of Schedule 3); and

(b)    an infrastructure facility (see section 15); and

(c)    a petroleum pipeline.

Occupiers of premises located offshore

             (3)  In that application, but only in relation to the exercise of powers by a NOPSEMA inspector at premises that are located in an offshore area, occupier means:

                     (a)  in the case of the exercise of powers at a facility in relation to a listed NOPSEMA law that is a listed OHS law—the operator’s representative at the facility (within the meaning of Schedule 3); or

                     (b)  if paragraph (a) does not apply, and the premises are a vessel under the command or charge of a master—the master; or

                     (c)  if paragraphs (a) and (b) do not apply, and the powers are exercised in relation to any listed NOPSEMA law that is a petroleum environmental law—the titleholder’s representative (if any) at the premises; or

                     (d)  if there is no occupier at the premises as provided under paragraph (a), (b) or (c)—the person at the premises who appears to be in overall control of the premises.

Note:          In the case of premises that are not located in an offshore area, occupier would have its ordinary meaning as applied under the Regulatory Powers Act.

602G  Listed NOPSEMA laws—monitoring and investigation powers (reasonable facilities and assistance)

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if any powers are to be exercised by a NOPSEMA inspector under the Regulatory Powers Act as it applies under this Division in relation to premises that are located in an offshore area.

Note:          For the meaning of premises in this context, see section 602F.

Reasonable facilities and assistance

             (2)  For the purposes of the application of section 31 or 63 of the Regulatory Powers Act under this Division, in addition to any facilities or assistance that must otherwise be provided under those sections in that application, the responsible person must provide:

                     (a)  appropriate transport to or from the premises for the following:

                              (i)  the NOPSEMA inspector;

                             (ii)  any person assisting the inspector (within the meaning of section 23 or 53 of the Regulatory Powers Act as that section applies under this Division);

                            (iii)  any equipment required by the inspector;

                            (iv)  any thing of which the inspector has taken possession; and

                     (b)  reasonable accommodation and means of subsistence for the inspector, and any such person assisting the inspector, while the inspector is at the premises.

Note:          A NOPSEMA inspector may be assisted by a member of staff of NOPSEMA (see sections 602C and 602D). Any such assistance must be necessary and reasonable (see sections 23 and 53 of the Regulatory Powers Act).

             (3)  In this section:

responsible person means:

                     (a)  if the powers are to be exercised in relation to a facility—the operator of the facility; or

                     (b)  in any other case—the registered holder of a petroleum title in relation to which the powers are to be exercised.

602H  Listed NOPSEMA laws—monitoring and investigation powers (Greater Sunrise visiting inspectors)

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a Greater Sunrise visiting inspector who produces, at a reasonable time, the inspector’s identity card:

                     (a)  is to be given access to the regions in the following areas:

                              (i)  the Eastern Greater Sunrise offshore area;

                             (ii)  the Principal Northern Territory offshore area; and

                     (b)  is to be given access to any structure, vessel, aircraft or building in that region that, in that inspector’s opinion, contains any equipment used to measure amounts of petroleum recovered from one or more of the Greater Sunrise unit reservoirs; and

                     (c)  may inspect and test any equipment that, in that inspector’s opinion, is being used in that region to measure amounts of petroleum recovered from one or more of the Greater Sunrise unit reservoirs.

Note:          A Greater Sunrise visiting inspector is a NOPSEMA inspector whose identity card identifies the inspector as such (see subsection 602(4)).

             (2)  A Greater Sunrise visiting inspector must not, in his or her capacity as such, exercise any other powers of a NOPSEMA inspector under the Regulatory Powers Act (as applied by this Division), or otherwise under this Act.

602J  Petroleum environmental laws—additional powers

                   NOPSEMA and NOPSEMA inspectors have the powers and functions given by Schedule 2A in relation to the petroleum environmental laws.

602K  NOPSEMA inspections—titleholder’s representative

Scope

             (1)  This section applies in relation to an inspection by a NOPSEMA inspector at offshore premises that is wholly or partly in relation to a titleholder’s compliance with the titleholder’s obligations.

Meaning of titleholder’s representative

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, a titleholder’s representative is a person nominated by the titleholder under this section who is present at the offshore premises in compliance with a requirement imposed on the titleholder by paragraph (5)(b).

Nomination of titleholder representative

             (3)  For the purposes of an inspection, a NOPSEMA inspector may, by written notice to the titleholder, require the titleholder to nominate a representative to be present at offshore premises at the time stated in the notice.

             (4)  Subsection (3) does not imply that, if the titleholder is an individual, the nominated representative of the titleholder may not be that individual.

             (5)  The titleholder must:

                     (a)  by written notice to the NOPSEMA inspector, nominate a representative as required by the notice under subsection (3); and

                     (b)  take all reasonably practicable steps to ensure that the nominated representative is present at the offshore premises at the time stated in the notice, and remains at the offshore premises after the stated time until no longer required for the purposes of the inspection.

Offence

             (6)  A person commits an offence of strict liability if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a requirement under subsection (5); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission breaches the requirement.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Civil penalty

             (7)  A person who is subject to a requirement under subsection (5) must comply with the requirement.

Civil penalty:          135 penalty units.

Definitions

             (8)  In this section:

greenhouse gas title means:

                     (a)  a greenhouse gas assessment permit; or

                     (b)  a greenhouse gas holding lease; or

                     (c)  a greenhouse gas injection licence.

inspection means:

                     (a)  an inspection under Part 2 or 3 of the Regulatory Powers Act, as applied by this Division; or

                     (b)  a petroleum environmental inspection under Schedule 2A; or

                     (c)  an OHS inspection under Part 4 of Schedule 3.

offshore premises means:

                     (a)  a facility; or

                     (b)  offshore petroleum premises within the meaning of Schedule 2A (which deals with inspections concerning petroleum environmental laws).

petroleum title: see section 600.

titleholder means the registered holder of:

                     (a)  a petroleum title; or

                     (b)  a greenhouse gas title.

titleholder’s obligations means the obligations of a titleholder to comply with:

                     (a)  for an inspection under Part 2 or 3 of the Regulatory Powers Act, as applied by this Division—a listed NOPSEMA law; or

                     (b)  for a petroleum environmental inspection under Schedule 2A—a petroleum environmental law; or

                     (c)  for an OHS inspection under Part 4 of Schedule 3:

                              (i)  clause 13A of Schedule 3 (petroleum titleholder duty of care); or

                             (ii)  Part 5 of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage (Resource Management and Administration) Regulations 2011, to the extent that the Part relates to petroleum titles; or

                            (iii)  clause 13B of Schedule 3 (greenhouse gas titleholder duty of care).

602L  Listed NOPSEMA laws—monitoring and investigation powers (relationship with other powers)

                   The exercise or performance by a NOPSEMA inspector (or any other person) of a power or function under Part 2 or 3 of the Regulatory Powers Act, as it applies under this Division:

                     (a)  does not prevent the inspector (or other person) from exercising or performing a power or function under any provision of this Act; and

                     (b)  is not prevented by the exercise or performance by a NOPSEMA inspector (or any other person) of a power or function under any provision of this Act.

Note:          NOPSEMA inspectors may also exercise other powers under this Act. For example:

(a)    under section 602J and Schedule 2A, in relation to provisions of this Act that are petroleum environmental laws; and

(b)    under Part 6.8 and Schedule 3, in relation to provisions of this Act that are listed OHS laws.

603  Interfering with offshore petroleum installations or operations

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (b)  the person’s conduct results in:

                              (i)  damage to, or interference with, any structure or vessel that is in an offshore area and that is, or is to be, used in exploring for, recovering, processing, storing, preparing for transport, or transporting, petroleum; or

                             (ii)  damage to, or interference with, any equipment on, or attached to, such a structure or vessel; or

                            (iii)  interference with any operations or activities being carried out, or any works being executed, on, by means of, or in connection with, such a structure or vessel.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 10 years.

             (2)  In this section:

structure means any fixed, moveable or floating structure or installation, and includes a petroleum pipeline, petroleum pumping station, petroleum tank station or petroleum valve station.

604  Forfeiture orders etc.

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a person is convicted by a court of:

                     (a)  an offence against section 97, 160, 193 or 210; or

                     (b)  an offence against section 6 of the Crimes Act 1914 in relation to an offence referred to in paragraph (a) of this subsection.

Note:          For ancillary offences, see section 11.6 of the Criminal Code.

Orders

             (2)  The court may, in addition to imposing a penalty, make any or all of the following orders:

                     (a)  an order for the forfeiture of a specified aircraft or vessel used in the commission of the offence;

                     (b)  an order for the forfeiture of specified equipment used in the commission of the offence;

                     (c)  an order for the forfeiture of specified petroleum recovered, or conveyed through a pipeline, as the case may be, in the course of the commission of the offence;

                     (d)  an order for the payment by that person to the Commonwealth of an amount equal to the proceeds of the sale of specified petroleum so recovered or conveyed;

                     (e)  an order for the payment by that person to the Commonwealth of:

                              (i)  an amount equal to the value at the wellhead, assessed by the court, of the quantity, so assessed, of petroleum so recovered or conveyed; or

                             (ii)  such part of that amount as the court, having regard to all the circumstances, thinks fit.

             (3)  If the court is satisfied that an order under paragraph (2)(c) cannot, for any reason, be enforced, the court may, on the application of the person by whom the proceedings were brought:

                     (a)  set aside the order; and

                     (b)  make either of the orders referred to in paragraphs (2)(d) and (e).

             (4)  The court may, before making an order under this section:

                     (a)  require notice to be given to such persons as the court thinks fit; and

                     (b)  hear such persons as the court thinks fit.

             (5)  Goods in relation to which an order is made under this section:

                     (a)  must be dealt with as the Attorney‑General directs; and

                     (b)  pending the Attorney‑General’s direction, may be detained in such custody as the court directs.

Division 2Greenhouse gas

605  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Division:

•      The responsible Commonwealth Minister may appoint greenhouse gas project inspectors, and the greenhouse gas project inspectors may exercise powers of access, inspection and entry for the purposes of this Act and the regulations.

•      A person must not interfere with greenhouse gas installations or operations.

•      A court may make a forfeiture order in relation to property used in the commission of an offence.

606  Appointment of greenhouse gas project inspectors

Appointment

             (1)  The responsible Commonwealth Minister may, by writing, appoint a person to be a greenhouse gas project inspector if:

                     (a)  the person is an officer, or employee, of:

                              (i)  the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory; or

                             (ii)  an authority of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory; or

                     (b)  the person is not covered by paragraph (a), but the responsible Commonwealth Minister is satisfied that the person has the knowledge, skills and experience to be a greenhouse gas project inspector.

Identity cards

             (2)  The responsible Commonwealth Minister must issue an identity card to a greenhouse gas project inspector. The identity card must contain a recent photograph of the greenhouse gas project inspector.

             (3)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person has been issued with an identity card; and

                     (b)  the person ceases to be a greenhouse gas project inspector; and

                     (c)  the person does not immediately return the identity card to:

                              (i)  the responsible Commonwealth Minister; or

                             (ii)  if the responsible Commonwealth Minister, by written notice given to the person, specifies another person to whom the card is to be returned—that other person.

Penalty:  5 penalty units.

             (4)  Subsection (3) does not apply if the identity card was lost or destroyed.

Note:          The defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (4)—see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

             (5)  A greenhouse gas project inspector must carry the identity card at all times when exercising powers, or performing functions, under this Act or the regulations as a greenhouse gas project inspector.

607  Monitoring powers of greenhouse gas project inspectors

Powers

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act and the regulations, a greenhouse gas project inspector may, at all reasonable times and on production of the greenhouse gas project inspector’s identity card, exercise the powers conferred by subsection (2).

             (2)  The powers a greenhouse gas project inspector may exercise under this section are as follows:

                     (a)  to have access to any part of an offshore area;

                     (b)  to have access to any structure, vessel, aircraft or building in an offshore area that the greenhouse gas project inspector has reasonable grounds to believe has been, is being or is to be used in connection with any of the following operations in an offshore area:

                              (i)  operations relating to exploration for a potential greenhouse gas storage formation or a potential greenhouse gas injection site;

                             (ii)  operations relating to the injection of a greenhouse gas substance into the seabed or subsoil;

                            (iii)  operations relating to the storage of a greenhouse gas substance in the seabed or subsoil;

                            (iv)  operations relating to the processing, compression or pre‑injection storage of a greenhouse gas substance;

                             (v)  operations relating to the preparation of a greenhouse gas substance for transport;

                     (c)  to inspect and test any equipment that the greenhouse gas project inspector has reasonable grounds to believe has been, is being or is to be used in an offshore area in connection with any of those operations;

                     (d)  to enter any structure, vessel, aircraft, building or place that is in:

                              (i)  an offshore area; or

                             (ii)  a State or Territory;

                            and in which the greenhouse gas project inspector has reasonable grounds to believe there are any documents relating to any of those operations, and to inspect, take extracts from and make copies of any of those documents.

Residential premises

             (3)  A greenhouse gas project inspector may exercise powers under paragraph (2)(d) to enter residential premises in a State or Territory only:

                     (a)  in accordance with a warrant issued under section 608; or

                     (b)  after obtaining the consent of the occupier of the premises.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a greenhouse gas project inspector enters residential premises in accordance with a warrant issued under section 608; and

                     (b)  the occupier of the premises is present at the premises;

the greenhouse gas project inspector must make available to the occupier a copy of the warrant or a copy of the form of the warrant.

             (5)  Before obtaining the consent of a person as mentioned in paragraph (3)(b), a greenhouse gas project inspector must inform the person that the person may refuse consent.

             (6)  A consent of a person is not effective for the purposes of subsection (3) unless the consent is voluntary.

Facilities and assistance to be provided by occupier or person in charge

             (7)  A person who is:

                     (a)  the occupier or person in charge of any building, structure or place referred to in subsection (2); or

                     (b)  the person in charge of any vessel, aircraft or equipment referred to in subsection (2);

must provide a greenhouse gas project inspector with all reasonable facilities and assistance for the effective exercise of the greenhouse gas project inspector’s powers under this section.

             (8)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a requirement under subsection (7); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission breaches the requirement.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Obstructing or hindering a greenhouse gas project inspector

             (9)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (b)  the conduct obstructs or hinders a greenhouse gas project inspector in the exercise of the greenhouse gas project inspector’s powers under this section.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

           (10)  Subsection (9) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note 1:       The defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (10)—see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

Note 2:       See also Part 2.3 of the Criminal Code (circumstances in which there is no criminal responsibility).

Note 3:       The same conduct may be an offence against both subsection (9) of this section and section 149.1 of the Criminal Code.

608  Warrants to enter residential premises

             (1)  A greenhouse gas project inspector may apply to a Magistrate for a warrant authorising the greenhouse gas project inspector, with such assistance as the greenhouse gas project inspector thinks necessary, to exercise the power referred to in paragraph 607(2)(d) in relation to particular residential premises.

             (2)  The application must be supported by an information on oath or affirmation that sets out the grounds on which the greenhouse gas project inspector is applying for the warrant.

             (3)  If the Magistrate is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for issuing the warrant, the Magistrate may issue the warrant.

             (4)  A warrant issued under subsection (3) must state:

                     (a)  the name of the greenhouse gas project inspector; and

                     (b)  whether the inspection may be carried out at any time or only during specified hours of the day; and

                     (c)  the day on which the warrant ceases to have effect; and

                     (d)  the purposes for which the warrant is issued.

             (5)  The day specified under paragraph (4)(c) is not to be more than 7 days after the day on which the warrant is issued.

             (6)  The purposes specified under paragraph (4)(d) must include the identification of the premises in relation to which the warrant is issued.

609  Interfering with greenhouse gas installations or operations

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (b)  the person’s conduct results in:

                              (i)  damage to, or interference with, any structure or vessel that is in an offshore area and that is, or is to be, used in greenhouse gas operations in an offshore area; or

                             (ii)  damage to, or interference with, any equipment on, or attached to, such a structure or vessel; or

                            (iii)  interference with any operations or activities being carried out, or any works being executed, on, by means of, or in connection with, such a structure or vessel.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 10 years.

             (2)  In this section:

greenhouse gas operations means:

                     (a)  operations relating to exploration for a potential greenhouse gas formation or a potential greenhouse gas injection site; or

                     (b)  operations relating to the injection of a greenhouse gas substance into the seabed or subsoil; or

                     (c)  operations relating to the storage of a greenhouse gas substance in the seabed or subsoil; or

                     (d)  operations relating to the processing, compression or pre‑injection storage of a greenhouse gas substance; or

                     (e)  operations relating to the preparation of a greenhouse gas substance for transport.

structure means any fixed, moveable or floating structure or installation, and includes a greenhouse gas pipeline, greenhouse gas pumping station, greenhouse gas tank station or greenhouse gas valve station.

610  Forfeiture orders etc.

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a person is convicted by a court of:

                     (a)  an offence against section 289 or 356; or

                     (b)  an offence against section 6 of the Crimes Act 1914 in relation to an offence referred to in paragraph (a) of this subsection.

Note:          For ancillary offences, see section 11.6 of the Criminal Code.

Orders

             (2)  The court may, in addition to imposing a penalty, make either or both of the following orders:

                     (a)  an order for the forfeiture of a specified aircraft or vessel used in the commission of the offence;

                     (b)  an order for the forfeiture of specified equipment used in the commission of the offence.

             (3)  The court may, before making an order under this section:

                     (a)  require notice to be given to such persons as the court thinks fit; and

                     (b)  hear such persons as the court thinks fit.

             (4)  Goods in relation to which an order is made under this section:

                     (a)  must be dealt with as the Attorney‑General directs; and

                     (b)  pending the Attorney‑General’s direction, may be detained in such custody as the court directs.

Division 3Time for bringing proceedings for offences

611  Time for bringing proceedings for offences

             (1)  Proceedings in relation to any of the following offences may be brought at any time:

                     (a)  an offence against:

                              (i)  Chapter 2; or

                             (ii)  Chapter 3; or

                            (iii)  Chapter 4; or

                            (iv)  Chapter 5; or

                             (v)  this Chapter; or

                            (vi)  Part 7.1; or

                           (vii)  Part 8.1; or

                          (viii)  the regulations;

                     (b)  an offence against section 6 of the Crimes Act 1914 in relation to an offence referred to in paragraph (a) of this subsection.

Note:          For ancillary offences, see section 11.6 of the Criminal Code.

             (2)  Subsection (1) has effect despite section 15B of the Crimes Act 1914.

Division 4Civil penalties

611A  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Division:

•      This Division provides that civil penalty provisions set out in this Act are enforceable under Part 4 of the Regulatory Powers Act.

611B  Civil penalty provisions

Specified civil penalty provisions

             (1)  A civil penalty provision in this Act may be enforced under Part 4 of the Regulatory Powers Act.

Note:          Part 4 of the Regulatory Powers Act allows a civil penalty provision to be enforced by obtaining an order for a person to pay a pecuniary penalty for the contravention of the provision.

Authorised applicants

             (2)  The following table has effect.

 

Authorised applicants for civil penalty provisions

Item

For the purposes of Part 4 of the Regulatory Powers Act, each of the following persons …

is an authorised applicant in relation to the following civil penalty provisions in this Act (to the extent indicated) …

1

The responsible Commonwealth Minister

(a) subsection 575(6), in relation to a direction given by that Minister (see section 574A);

(b) subsection 576(5), in relation to a direction given by that Minister (see section 574A);

(c) subsection 587B(5), in relation to a remedial direction given by that Minister (see sections 586A and 587A);

(d) subsection 759(4A).

2

The Chief Executive Officer of NOPSEMA

(a) subsection 280(5);

(b) subsection 286A(8A);

(c) subsection 569(6B);

(d) subsection 572(5A);

(e) subsection 575(6), in relation to a direction given by NOPSEMA (see section 574);

(f) subsection 576(5), in relation to a direction given by NOPSEMA (see section 574);

(g) subsection 576D(5);

(h) subsection 587B(5), in relation to a remedial direction given by NOPSEMA (see sections 586 and 587);

(i) subsection 620(4) or (5);

(j) subsection 621(11) or (12);

(k) subclause 6(4A) of Schedule 3;

(l) subclause 54(1A) of Schedule 3;

(m) subclause 78A(3) of Schedule 3;

(n) subclause 83(6) of Schedule 3;

(o) subclause 87(2) of Schedule 3.

3

The Titles Administrator

(a) subsection 228(1A);

(b) subsection 249(4);

(c) subsection 284(7);

(d) subsection 286A(8A);

(e) subsection 507(5A);

(f) subsection 508(5A);

(g) subsection 509(6A);

(h) subsection 697(3B);

(i) subsection 699(5A).

Relevant court

             (3)  For the purposes of Part 4 of the Regulatory Powers Act, each of the following courts is a relevant court in relation to the civil penalty provisions mentioned in subsection (1):

                     (a)  the Federal Court;

                     (b)  the Federal Circuit Court;

                     (c)  the Supreme Court of a State or a Territory.

Extension to offshore areas

             (4)  Part 4 of the Regulatory Powers Act, as it applies in relation to the civil penalty provisions mentioned in subsection (1), extends to each offshore area.

611C  Contravening civil penalty provisions

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a person is liable for a civil penalty under a civil penalty provision of this Act, or of a regulation, because the person has contravened, or breached a requirement of, another provision of this Act, or of another regulation.

References to contraventions

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, the person is taken to have contravened the civil penalty provision if the person has contravened, or breached the requirement, of the other provision.

Division 5Infringement notices

611D  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Division:

•      This Division provides for infringement notices that can be issued and enforced in accordance with Part 5 of the Regulatory Powers Act.

611E  Infringement notices

Provisions subject to an infringement notice

             (1)  The following provisions are subject to an infringement notice under Part 5 of the Regulatory Powers Act:

                     (a)  subsection 249(2);

                     (b)  subsection 284(5);

                     (c)  subsection 286A(7);

                     (d)  subsection 508(4);

                     (e)  subsection 509(4);

                      (f)  subsection 575(4);

                     (g)  subsection 602K(6);

                     (h)  subsection 697(3);

                      (i)  subclause 6(3) of Schedule 3, in its application to a contravention of subclause 6(2) of that Schedule;

                      (j)  subclause 82(9) of Schedule 3;

                     (k)  subclause 83(4) of Schedule 3.

Note:          Part 5 of the Regulatory Powers Act creates a framework for using infringement notices in relation to provisions.

Infringement officers

             (2)  The following table has effect.

 

Infringement officers

Item

For the purposes of Part 5 of the Regulatory Powers Act, each of the following persons …

is an infringement officer in relation to the following provisions in this Act …

1

The Chief Executive Officer of NOPSEMA

(a) subsection 286A(7);

(b) subsection 575(4);

(c) subsection 602K(6);

(d) subclause 6(3) of Schedule 3;

(e) subclause 82(9) of Schedule 3;

(f) subclause 83(4) of Schedule 3.

2

The Titles Administrator

(a) subsection 249(2);

(b) subsection 284(5);

(c) subsection 286A(7);

(d) subsection 508(4);

(e) subsection 509(4);

(f) subsection 697(3).

3

A NOPSEMA inspector

(a) subsection 249(2);

(b) subsection 284(5);

(c) subsection 286A(7);

(d) subsection 508(4);

(e) subsection 509(4);

(f) subsection 575(4);

(g) subsection 602K(6);

(h) subsection 697(3);

(i) subclause 6(3) of Schedule 3;

(j) subclause 82(9) of Schedule 3;

(k) subclause 83(4) of Schedule 3.

Relevant chief executive

             (3)  For the purposes of Part 5 of the Regulatory Powers Act, the relevant chief executive in relation to an infringement notice is as follows:

                     (a)  the Chief Executive Officer of NOPSEMA, if the notice may be issued by the Chief Executive Officer of NOPSEMA;

                     (b)  the Secretary, if the notice may be issued by the Titles Administrator;

                     (c)  if the notice may be issued by either the Chief Executive Officer of NOPSEMA or the Titles Administrator—either of them.

             (4)  If the Secretary is the relevant chief executive, he or she may, in writing, delegate to an SES employee, or acting SES employee, in the Department the power to extend the period referred to in paragraph 104(1)(j) of the Regulatory Powers Act.

Note 1:       The expressions SES employee and acting SES employee are defined in section 2B of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

Note 2:       See also sections 34AA and 34AB of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

Note 3:       If the Chief Executive Officer of NOPSEMA is the relevant chief executive, see section 675 for the power to delegate.

             (5)  A person exercising power under a delegation under subsection (4) must comply with any written directions of the relevant chief executive.

Single infringement notice may deal with more than one contravention

             (6)  Despite subsection 103(3) of the Regulatory Powers Act, a single infringement notice may be given to a person in respect of:

                     (a)  2 or more alleged contraventions of a provision mentioned in subsection (1); or

                     (b)  alleged contraventions of 2 or more provisions mentioned in subsection (1).

However, the notice must not require the person to pay more than one amount in respect of the same conduct.

Regulations may set out other matters to be included

             (7)  A regulation made under this Act may set out any other matters that are to be included in an infringement notice given in relation to a contravention of a provision mentioned in subsection (1).

Extension to offshore areas

             (8)  Part 5 of the Regulatory Powers Act, as it applies in relation to the provisions mentioned in subsection (1), extends to each offshore area.

611F  Infringement notice—multiple contraventions

                   In addition to the circumstances set out in subsection 103(4) of the Regulatory Powers Act, and despite subsection 103(3) of that Act, an infringement officer may also give a person a single infringement notice relating to multiple contraventions of a single provision if, under this Act or a regulation, the person:

                     (a)  commits a separate offence in respect of each day during which the offence continues; or

                     (b)  is separately liable for a civil penalty in respect of each day during which the liability continues.

611G  Evidentiary matters

             (1)  The relevant chief executive may issue a certificate signed by him or her stating:

                     (a)  that the relevant chief executive did not allow further time under section 105 of the Regulatory Powers Act to pay the penalty for an offence, or a civil penalty, under this Act or a regulation, stated in an infringement notice; and

                     (b)  that the penalty has not been paid in accordance with the notice within 28 days after the day the infringement notice is given.

             (2)  The relevant chief executive may issue a certificate signed by him or her stating:

                     (a)  that the relevant chief executive allowed, under section 105 of the Regulatory Powers Act, the further time specified in the certificate for payment of the penalty for an offence, or a civil penalty, under this Act or a regulation, stated in an infringement notice; and

                     (b)  that the penalty has not been paid in accordance with the notice or within the further time allowed.

             (3)  The relevant chief executive may issue a certificate signed by him or her stating that a specified infringement notice was withdrawn on a day specified in the certificate.

             (4)  For all purposes and in all proceedings, a document purporting to be a certificate under subsection (1), (2) or (3) must, unless the contrary is established, be taken to be such a certificate and to have been properly given.

             (5)  For all purposes and in all proceedings, a certificate under subsection (1), (2) or (3) is prima facie evidence of the matters stated in the certificate.

Division 6Injunctions

611H  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Division:

•      This Division provides for the grant of injunctions to enforce compliance with this Act, relying on the framework set out in Part 7 of the Regulatory Powers Act.

611J  Injunctions

Enforceable provisions and authorised persons

             (1)  The provisions listed in the table in this section are enforceable under Part 7 of the Regulatory Powers Act.

Note:          Part 7 of the Regulatory Powers Act creates a framework for using injunctions to enforce provisions.

             (2)  The following table has effect.

 

Enforceable provisions and authorised persons

Item

For the purposes of Part 7 of the Regulatory Powers Act, each of the following persons ...

is an authorised person in relation to the following provisions in this Act (to the extent indicated) ...

1

The responsible Commonwealth Minister

(a) subsection 97(1);

(b) subsection 160(1);

(c) subsection 193(1);

(d) subsection 210(1);

(e) subsection 227(5);

(f) subsections 575(1), (2), (3), (3A), (3B) and (3C), in relation to a direction given by that Minister (see section 574A);

(g) subsection 576(1) in relation to a direction given by that Minister (see section 574A);

 

 

(h) subsection 587B(1) in relation to a direction given by that Minister (see sections 586A and 587A);

(i) subsections 758(1) and (3);

(j) subsections 759(4) and (4A);

(k) section 764;

(l) section 765.

2

The Secretary

Subsection 780F(5).

3

The Chief Executive Officer of NOPSEMA

(a) subsection 280(2);

(b) subsections 286A(2), (3), (4) and (5);

(c) subsection 569(1);

(d) subsection 571(2);

(e) subsections 572(2) and (3), to the extent those subsections apply in relation to petroleum titles;

(f) subsections 575(1), (2), (3), (3A), (3B) and (3C), in relation to a direction given by NOPSEMA (see section 574);

(g) subsection 576(1), in relation to a direction given by NOPSEMA (see section 574);

(h) subsection 576D(1);

(i) subsection 587B(1) in relation to a direction given by NOPSEMA (see sections 586 and 587);

(j) subsection 602K(5);

(k) subsection 603(1);

(l) subsections 616(3), (5), (7) and (9);

(m) subsections 619(1), (3), (5) and (7);

 

 

(n) subsections 620(2), (3), (4) and (5);

(o) subsections 621(3), (4), (7), (9), (10), (11) and (12);

(p) subclauses 6(1) and (2) of Schedule 2A;

(q) subclause 7(3) of Schedule 2A;

(r) subclause 8(5) of Schedule 2A;

(s) subclause 10(7) of Schedule 2A;

(t) subclause 11A(6) of Schedule 2A;

(u) subclause 11D(2) of Schedule 2A;

(v) subclauses 12(1), (2) and (3) of Schedule 2A;

(w) subclauses 6(1) and (2) of Schedule 3;

(x) subclauses 9(1), 10(1), 11(1), 12(1) and (2), 13(1), 13A(1) and (2), 14(1) and 15(1) of Schedule 3;

(y) subclauses 54(1) and (1A) of Schedule 3;

(z) subclause 73(3) of Schedule 3;

(za) subclauses 74(5) and (7) of Schedule 3;

(zb) subclause 76(7) of Schedule 3;

(zc) subclause 77(7) of Schedule 3;

(zd) subclause 78A(1) of Schedule 3;

(ze) subclauses 79(1), (2) and (3) of Schedule 3;

 

 

(zf) subclauses 82(1) and (6) of Schedule 3;

(zg) subclause 83(1) of Schedule 3;

(zh) subclause 86(1) of Schedule 3;

(zi) subclause 87(1) and (2) of Schedule 3;

(zj) subclause 88(1) of Schedule 3.

4

The Titles Administrator

(a) subsections 228(1) and (1A);

(b) subsection 249(1);

(c) subsection 284(2);

(d) subsections 286A(2), (3), (4) and (5);

(e) subsections 507(4), (5) and (5A);

(f) subsections 508(4), (5) and (5A);

(g) subsections 509(4), (6) and (6A);

(h) subsection 512(1);

(i) section 513;

(j) subsection 514(1);

(k) subsection 568(2);

(l) subsections 697(3) and (3B);

(m) subsections 699(5) and (5A);

(n) section 705;

(o) section 706;

(p) section 707.

Relevant court

             (3)  For the purposes of Part 7 of the Regulatory Powers Act, each of the following courts is a relevant court in relation to the provisions mentioned in subsection (1):

                     (a)  the Federal Court;

                     (b)  the Federal Circuit Court;

                     (c)  the Supreme Court of a State or Territory.

Consent injunctions

             (4)  A relevant court may grant an injunction under Part 7 of the Regulatory Powers Act in relation to a provision mentioned in subsection (1) by consent of all the parties to proceedings brought under that Part, whether or not the court is satisfied that section 121 of that Act applies.

Extension to offshore areas

             (5)  Part 7 of the Regulatory Powers Act, as it applies in relation to the provisions mentioned in subsection (1), extends to each offshore area.

Division 7Adverse publicity orders

611K  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Division:

•      This Division provides for adverse publicity orders to be made by a court.

611L  Adverse publicity orders

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a court:

                     (a)  finds a body corporate guilty of an offence against a provision of this Act, or of a regulation, whether or not the court convicts the body corporate of the offence; or

                     (b)  finds a body corporate guilty of an offence against section 6 of the Crimes Act 1914 (whether or not the court convicts the body corporate of the offence) in relation to an offence referred to in paragraph (a) of this subsection; or

                     (c)  orders a body corporate to pay a civil penalty for a contravention of a provision of this Act or of a regulation.

Note:          For ancillary offences, see section 11.6 of the Criminal Code.

Order by court

             (2)  The court may make an order (the adverse publicity order):

                     (a)  on the application of the person prosecuting the offence or taking the action to obtain a civil penalty order; and

                     (b)  in addition to any penalty that may be imposed or any other action that may be taken in relation to the offence or contravention.

An application may only be made within 6 years after the commission of the offence or the contravention.

             (3)  An adverse publicity order may require the body:

                     (a)  to take either or both of the following actions within the period specified in the order:

                              (i)  to publicise, in the way specified in the order, the offence or civil penalty order, its consequences, the penalty imposed and any other related matter;

                             (ii)  to notify a specified person or specified class of persons, in the way specified in the order, of the offence or civil penalty order, its consequences, the penalty imposed and any other related matter; and

                     (b)  to give NOPSEMA or the Titles Administrator (as specified in the order), within 7 days after the end of the period specified in the order, evidence that the action or actions were taken by the body in accordance with the order.

Failing to give evidence

             (4)  If the body fails to give evidence in accordance with paragraph (3)(b), NOPSEMA or the Titles Administrator (as the case requires) may take the action or actions specified in the order.

Action not in accordance with order

             (5)  NOPSEMA or the Titles Administrator (as the case requires) (the applicant) may apply to a court for an order authorising the applicant, or a person authorised in writing by the applicant, to take the action or actions if:

                     (a)  the body gives evidence to the applicant in accordance with paragraph (3)(b); but

                     (b)  despite that evidence, the applicant is not satisfied that the body has taken the action or actions specified in the order in accordance with the order.

             (6)  If NOPSEMA takes one or more actions under subsection (4) or an order under subsection (5), NOPSEMA is entitled to recover from the body, by action in a court, an amount in relation to the reasonable expenses of taking the actions as a debt due to NOPSEMA.

          (6A)  If the Titles Administrator takes one or more actions under subsection (4) or an order under subsection (5), the Titles Administrator is entitled to recover from the body, by action in a court, an amount in relation to the reasonable expenses of taking the actions as a debt due to the Titles Administrator on behalf of the Commonwealth.

             (7)  An authorisation by the applicant under subsection (5) is not a legislative instrument.

Part 6.6Safety zones and the area to be avoided

Division 1Introduction

612  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      NOPSEMA may prohibit certain vessels from entering or being present in an area (called a petroleum safety zone) surrounding a petroleum well, a structure, or an item of equipment, in an offshore area.

•      The responsible Commonwealth Minister may prohibit certain vessels from entering or being present in an area (called a greenhouse gas safety zone) surrounding a greenhouse gas well, a structure, or an item of equipment, in an offshore area.

•      The area to be avoided is the area described in Schedule 2 (an area off the coast of Victoria), but does not include a safety zone or the coastal waters of Victoria.

•      A vessel must not enter or be present in the area to be avoided unless authorised to do so under this Part.

•      An authorised person may exercise powers for the purposes of the enforcement of this Part.

613  Simplified map of the area to which Schedule 2 applies

                   This section sets out a simplified map illustrating the area to which Schedule 2 applies:

map4_20nov2greys

614  Definitions

                   In this Part:

area to be avoided means so much of the area to which Schedule 2 applies as comprises waters of the sea that:

                     (a)  are not within the coastal waters of Victoria or within any area on the landward side of those coastal waters; and

                     (b)  are not within a safety zone.

Note:          The area to which Schedule 2 applies is an area off the coast of Victoria.

authorised person has the meaning given by section 615.

exempt vessel, in relation to a safety zone, means a vessel:

                     (a)  in the case of a petroleum safety zone—that is excluded from the operation of section 616 in relation to that safety zone because:

                              (i)  the vessel is specified in the notice establishing the safety zone; or

                             (ii)  the vessel is included in a class of vessels specified in the notice establishing the safety zone; or

                     (b)  in the case of a petroleum safety zone—for which a written consent of NOPSEMA under subsection 616(1) is in force in relation to the safety zone; or

                     (c)  in the case of a greenhouse gas safety zone—that is excluded from the operation of section 617 in relation to that safety zone because:

                              (i)  the vessel is specified in the notice establishing the safety zone; or

                             (ii)  the vessel is included in a class of vessels specified in the notice establishing the safety zone; or

                     (d)  in the case of a greenhouse gas safety zone—for which a written consent of the responsible Commonwealth Minister under subsection 617(1) is in force in relation to the safety zone.

foreign‑flag vessel means a vessel that:

                     (a)  under the law of a foreign country, is entitled to fly the flag of that country; and

                     (b)  is flying that flag.

government body means:

                     (a)  the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory; or

                     (b)  a body corporate established for a public purpose by or under a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory, other than:

                              (i)  the Western Australian Coastal Shipping Commission; or

                             (ii)  the Transport Commission established under the Transport Act 1981 of Tasmania; or

                            (iii)  a body corporate that is declared by regulations made under the Shipping Registration Act 1981 not to be a Government authority for the purposes of that Act.

Government vessel means:

                     (a)  a vessel that is beneficially owned by a government body; or

                     (b)  a vessel the whole possession and control of which is for the time being vested in a government body.

greenhouse gas safety zone means an area that is a safety zone for the purposes of section 617.

greenhouse gas well means a hole in the seabed or subsoil made by drilling, boring or any other means in connection with:

                     (a)  exploration for potential greenhouse gas storage formations; or

                     (b)  exploration for potential greenhouse gas injection sites; or

                     (c)  the injection of a greenhouse gas substance into an identified greenhouse gas storage formation; or

                     (d)  the injection, on an appraisal basis, of:

                              (i)  a greenhouse gas substance; or

                             (ii)  air; or

                            (iii)  petroleum; or

                            (iv)  water;

                            into a part of a geological formation.

master, in relation to a vessel, means the person having command or charge of the vessel.

owner, in relation to a vessel, means:

                     (a)  if the vessel is being operated by a person who:

                              (i)  does not own the vessel; and

                             (ii)  has the whole possession and control of the vessel;

                            the person operating the vessel; or

                     (b)  in any other case—the person who owns the vessel.

petroleum safety zone means an area that is a safety zone for the purposes of section 616.

petroleum well means a hole in the seabed or subsoil made by drilling, boring or any other means in connection with:

                     (a)  exploration for petroleum; or

                     (b)  petroleum recovery operations;

but does not include a seismic shot hole.

prescribed safety zone means a safety zone that is situated within any part of the area to which Schedule 2 applies that comprises waters of the sea that are not within the coastal waters of Victoria or within any area on the landward side of those coastal waters.

Note:          The area to which Schedule 2 applies is an area off the coast of Victoria.

relevant vessel means:

                     (a)  a vessel that satisfies the following conditions:

                              (i)  the vessel is registered under the Shipping Registration Act 1981;

                             (ii)  the gross tonnage of the vessel specified in the certificate of registration of the vessel exceeds 200;

                            (iii)  the vessel is not a Government vessel; or

                     (b)  a vessel that satisfies the following conditions:

                              (i)  the vessel is not registered under the Shipping Registration Act 1981;

                             (ii)  the vessel is permitted to be registered under that Act;

                            (iii)  the vessel is not a foreign‑flag vessel;

                            (iv)  the tonnage length of the vessel equals or exceeds 24 metres (for this purpose, the tonnage length is to be determined in the same manner as it is determined for the purposes of the Shipping Registration Act 1981);

                             (v)  the vessel is not a Government vessel; or

                     (c)  a vessel that satisfies the following conditions:

                              (i)  the vessel is not a vessel to which paragraph (a) or (b) applies;

                             (ii)  the vessel is in the offshore area for the purpose of exploring the seabed or subsoil of the offshore area for petroleum or minerals or for the purpose of exploiting the petroleum or minerals which occur as natural resources of that seabed or subsoil;

                            (iii)  the vessel is not a Government vessel; or

                     (d)  a vessel that satisfies the following conditions:

                              (i)  the vessel is not a vessel to which paragraph (a) or (b) applies;

                             (ii)  the vessel is in the offshore area for the purpose of exploring the seabed or subsoil of the offshore area for a potential greenhouse gas storage formation or a potential greenhouse gas injection site;

                            (iii)  the vessel is not a Government vessel; or

                     (e)  a vessel that satisfies the following conditions:

                              (i)  the vessel is not a vessel to which paragraph (a) or (b) applies;

                             (ii)  the vessel is in the offshore area for purposes relating to the injection of a greenhouse gas substance into, or the storage of a greenhouse gas substance in, the seabed or subsoil of the offshore area;

                            (iii)  the vessel is not a Government vessel.

safety zone means:

                     (a)  a greenhouse gas safety zone; or

                     (b)  a petroleum safety zone.

terrorist activity includes an activity involving extortion.

615  Authorised persons

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, an authorised person is:

                     (a)  a member or special member of the Australian Federal Police; or

                     (b)  a member of the police force of a State or Territory; or

                     (c)  a member of the Defence Force; or

                     (d)  an officer of customs within the meaning of the Customs Act 1901; or

                     (e)  a person who is an authorised person because of a declaration under subsection (2) or (3).

             (2)  NOPSEMA may, by notice published in the Gazette, declare that a person, or a person included in a specified class of persons, is an authorised person for the purposes of this Part.

             (3)  The responsible Commonwealth Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette, declare that a person, or a person included in a specified class of persons, is an authorised person for the purposes of this Part.

Declaration

             (4)  A declaration under subsection (2) or (3) is not a legislative instrument for the purposes of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

Division 2Petroleum safety zones

616  Petroleum safety zones

Prohibition

             (1)  For the purpose of protecting a petroleum well, a structure, or any equipment, in an offshore area, NOPSEMA may, by notice published in the Gazette, prohibit:

                     (a)  all vessels; or

                     (b)  all vessels other than specified vessels; or

                     (c)  all vessels other than the vessels included in specified classes of vessels;

from entering or being present in a specified area (the petroleum safety zone) surrounding the petroleum well, structure or equipment without the written consent of NOPSEMA.

             (2)  A petroleum safety zone specified in a notice under subsection (1) may extend to a distance of 500 metres around the well, structure or equipment specified in the notice, where that distance is measured from each point of the outer edge of the well, structure or equipment.

Offences

             (3)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is the owner or master of a vessel; and

                     (b)  the vessel is subject to a notice under subsection (1); and

                     (c)  in breach of the notice, the vessel enters or is present in the petroleum safety zone specified in the notice.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 15 years.

             (4)  The fault element for paragraph (3)(c) is intention.

             (5)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is the owner or master of a vessel; and

                     (b)  the vessel is subject to a notice under subsection (1); and

                     (c)  in breach of the notice, the vessel enters or is present in the petroleum safety zone specified in the notice.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 12.5 years.

             (6)  The fault element for paragraph (5)(c) is recklessness.

             (7)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is the owner or master of a vessel; and

                     (b)  the vessel is subject to a notice under subsection (1); and

                     (c)  in breach of the notice, the vessel enters or is present in the petroleum safety zone specified in the notice.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 10 years.

             (8)  The fault element for paragraph (7)(c) is negligence.

             (9)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is the owner or master of a vessel; and

                     (b)  the vessel is subject to a notice under subsection (1); and

                     (c)  in breach of the notice, the vessel enters or is present in the petroleum safety zone specified in the notice.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 5 years.

           (10)  An offence against subsection (9) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Notice

           (11)  A notice under subsection (1) is not a legislative instrument for the purposes of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

Division 3Greenhouse gas safety zones

617  Greenhouse gas safety zones

Prohibition

             (1)  For the purpose of protecting a greenhouse gas well, a structure, or any equipment, in an offshore area, the responsible Commonwealth Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette, prohibit:

                     (a)  all vessels; or

                     (b)  all vessels other than specified vessels; or

                     (c)  all vessels other than the vessels included in specified classes of vessels;

from entering or being present in a specified area (the greenhouse gas safety zone) surrounding the greenhouse gas well, structure or equipment without the written consent of the responsible Commonwealth Minister.

             (2)  A greenhouse gas safety zone specified in a notice under subsection (1) may extend to a distance of 500 metres around the well, structure or equipment specified in the notice, where that distance is measured from each point of the outer edge of the well, structure or equipment.

Offences

             (3)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is the owner or master of a vessel; and

                     (b)  the vessel is subject to a notice under subsection (1); and

                     (c)  in breach of the notice, the vessel enters or is present in the greenhouse gas safety zone specified in the notice.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 15 years.

             (4)  The fault element for paragraph (3)(c) is intention.

             (5)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is the owner or master of a vessel; and

                     (b)  the vessel is subject to a notice under subsection (1); and

                     (c)  in breach of the notice, the vessel enters or is present in the greenhouse gas safety zone specified in the notice.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 12.5 years.

             (6)  The fault element for paragraph (5)(c) is recklessness.

             (7)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is the owner or master of a vessel; and

                     (b)  the vessel is subject to a notice under subsection (1); and

                     (c)  in breach of the notice, the vessel enters or is present in the greenhouse gas safety zone specified in the notice.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 10 years.

             (8)  The fault element for paragraph (7)(c) is negligence.

             (9)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is the owner or master of a vessel; and

                     (b)  the vessel is subject to a notice under subsection (1); and

                     (c)  in breach of the notice, the vessel enters or is present in the greenhouse gas safety zone specified in the notice.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 5 years.

           (10)  An offence against subsection (9) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Notice

           (11)  A notice under subsection (1) is not a legislative instrument.

Division 4Unauthorised vessel not to enter area to be avoided

618  NOPSEMA may authorise entry into area to be avoided

Application for authorisation

             (1)  The owner of a vessel may apply to NOPSEMA for the grant of an authorisation for the vessel to enter, and to be present in, the area to be avoided.

             (2)  An application under subsection (1) must be in writing.

Grant of authorisation

             (3)  If an application is made under subsection (1) in relation to a vessel, NOPSEMA may, by written notice given to the applicant, authorise the vessel to enter, and to be present in, the area to be avoided.

Conditions

             (4)  An authorisation under subsection (3) is subject to such conditions as are specified in the notice of authorisation.

Revocation of authorisation

             (5)  If an authorisation under subsection (3) is in force in relation to a vessel, NOPSEMA may, by written notice given to the owner of the vessel, revoke the authorisation.

619  Unauthorised vessel not to enter area to be avoided

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is the owner or master of a relevant vessel; and

                     (b)  the vessel is not an exempt vessel in relation to a prescribed safety zone; and

                     (c)  the vessel enters or is present in the area to be avoided otherwise than in accordance with an authorisation in force in relation to the vessel under subsection 618(3).

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 7.5 years.

             (2)  The fault element for paragraph (1)(c) is intention.

             (3)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is the owner or master of a relevant vessel; and

                     (b)  the vessel is not an exempt vessel in relation to a prescribed safety zone; and

                     (c)  the vessel enters or is present in the area to be avoided otherwise than in accordance with an authorisation in force in relation to the vessel under subsection 618(3).

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 6.25 years.

             (4)  The fault element for paragraph (3)(c) is recklessness.

             (5)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is the owner or master of a relevant vessel; and

                     (b)  the vessel is not an exempt vessel in relation to a prescribed safety zone; and

                     (c)  the vessel enters or is present in the area to be avoided otherwise than in accordance with an authorisation in force in relation to the vessel under subsection 618(3).

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 5 years.

             (6)  The fault element for paragraph (5)(c) is negligence.

             (7)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is the owner or master of a relevant vessel; and

                     (b)  the vessel is not an exempt vessel in relation to a prescribed safety zone; and

                     (c)  the vessel enters or is present in the area to be avoided otherwise than in accordance with an authorisation in force in relation to the vessel under subsection 618(3).

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2.5 years.

             (8)  An offence against subsection (7) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (9)  In a prosecution for an offence against subsection (1), (3), (5) or (7), it is a defence if the defendant proves that:

                     (a)  an unforeseen emergency rendered it necessary for the vessel to enter or be present in the area in order to attempt to secure the safety of:

                              (i)  the vessel; or

                             (ii)  another vessel; or

                            (iii)  any well, pipeline, structure or equipment; or

                            (iv)  human life; or

                     (b)  the vessel entered or was present in the area in circumstances not under the control of the person who was in charge of the navigational watch of the vessel.

Note:          A defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the matter in subsection (9)—see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code.

Division 5Powers of authorised persons

620  Requirement to move vessel etc.

             (1)  An authorised person may:

                     (a)  require the master of a vessel that satisfies the following conditions:

                              (i)  the vessel is a relevant vessel, or the authorised person has reasonable grounds to believe that the vessel is a relevant vessel;

                             (ii)  the vessel is in the area to be avoided otherwise than in accordance with an authorisation in force in relation to the vessel under subsection 618(3);

                            (iii)  the vessel is not an exempt vessel in relation to a prescribed safety zone;

                            to take the vessel outside the area to be avoided; or

                     (b)  require the master of a vessel that satisfies the following conditions:

                              (i)  the vessel is in a safety zone;

                             (ii)  the vessel is not an exempt vessel in relation to the safety zone;

                            to take the vessel outside the safety zone; or

                     (c)  require the master of a disabled vessel that satisfies any of the following conditions:

                              (i)  the vessel is in the area to be avoided, and either the vessel is a relevant vessel or the authorised person has reasonable grounds to believe that the vessel is a relevant vessel;

                             (ii)  the vessel is in a safety zone;

                            (iii)  the vessel is a relevant vessel (or the authorised person has reasonable grounds to believe that the vessel is a relevant vessel), and the authorised person has reasonable grounds to believe that the vessel is likely to cause damage to any well, pipeline, structure or equipment in the area to be avoided or in a safety zone;

                            to permit the vessel to be towed away from the area to be avoided or the safety zone, as the case requires, or to accept the giving of such other assistance to the vessel as the authorised person considers necessary.

Offences

             (2)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a requirement under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission breaches the requirement.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (3)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (b)  the conduct obstructs or hinders an authorised person who is acting under subsection (1).

Penalty: 50 penalty units.

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both subsection (3) of this section and section 149.1 of the Criminal Code.

Civil penalties

             (4)  A person is liable to a civil penalty if the person contravenes a requirement under subsection (1).

Civil penalty:          350 penalty units.

             (5)  A person is liable to a civil penalty if the person obstructs or hinders an authorised person who is acting under subsection (1).

Civil penalty:          350 penalty units.

621  Other powers of authorised persons

             (1)  An authorised person may:

                     (a)  board a vessel that the authorised person has reasonable grounds to believe has been used, is being used or is about to be used in contravention of section 616, 617 or 619; or

                     (b)  if the authorised person has boarded a vessel in the exercise of powers under paragraph (a):

                              (i)  require any person on board the vessel to answer questions relating to the vessel or to the movements of the vessel; or

                             (ii)  require the master of the vessel to state whether a consent under subsection 616(1) or 617(1), or an authorisation under subsection 618(3), is in force in relation to the vessel and, if so, to produce the consent or authorisation, as the case may be; or

                            (iii)  if the vessel is registered under the Shipping Registration Act 1981—require the master of the vessel to produce the certificate of registration of the vessel; or

                            (iv)  search the vessel for any documents relating to the vessel or to the movements of the vessel; or

                     (c)  if the following conditions are satisfied in relation to a vessel:

                              (i)  the vessel is in, or is near, the area to be avoided;

                             (ii)  the authorised person has reasonable grounds to believe that the vessel is a vessel of the kind referred to in paragraph (b) of the definition of relevant vessel in section 614;

                            (iii)  no authorisation under subsection 618(3) is in force in relation to the vessel;

                            (iv)  the vessel is not an exempt vessel in relation to a prescribed safety zone;

                            require the master of the vessel to permit the authorised person to take measurements of the vessel; or

                     (d)  detain a vessel that the authorised person has reasonable grounds to believe has been used in contravention of section 616, 617 or 619.

             (2)  An authorised person may exercise powers under subsection (1) in relation to a vessel only:

                     (a)  in accordance with a warrant issued under section 622; or

                     (b)  after obtaining the consent of the master of the vessel; or

                     (c)  in circumstances of seriousness and urgency, in accordance with section 623.

Offences

             (3)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a requirement under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission breaches the requirement.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (4)  A person must facilitate, by all reasonable means, the boarding of a vessel by an authorised person under subsection (1).

             (5)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a requirement under subsection (4); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission breaches the requirement.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (6)  An offence against subsection (5) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (7)  A person must allow a search authorised under subsection (1) to be made by an authorised person.

             (8)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a requirement under subsection (7); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission breaches the requirement.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (9)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (b)  the conduct obstructs or hinders an authorised person who is acting under subsection (1).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

           (10)  A person (the first person) commits an offence if:

                     (a)  an authorised person requires the first person to give information under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  the first person gives information; and

                     (c)  the first person does so knowing that the information is false or misleading in a material particular.

Penalty: 50 penalty units.

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both subsection (10) of this section and section 137.1 of the Criminal Code.

Civil penalties

           (11)  A person is liable to a civil penalty if the person contravenes a requirement under subsection (1), (4) or (7).

Civil penalty:          90 penalty units.

           (12)  A person is liable to a civil penalty if the person obstructs or hinders an authorised person who is acting under subsection (1).

Civil penalty:          90 penalty units.

622  Warrants

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  an information on oath or affirmation is laid before a Magistrate alleging that there are reasonable grounds to believe that a vessel has been used, is being used or is about to be used in contravention of section 616, 617 or 619; and

                     (b)  the information sets out those grounds and identifies the vessel;

the Magistrate may issue a warrant authorising an authorised person named in the warrant, with such assistance as the authorised person thinks necessary, to exercise any or all of the powers referred to in subsection 621(1) in relation to that vessel.

             (2)  A Magistrate may issue a warrant under subsection (1) only if:

                     (a)  the informant or some other person has given to the Magistrate, either orally or by affidavit, such further information (if any) as the Magistrate requires concerning the grounds on which the issue of the warrant is being sought; and

                     (b)  the Magistrate is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for issuing the warrant.

             (3)  A warrant issued under subsection (1) must:

                     (a)  specify the purpose for which the warrant is issued; and

                     (b)  set out a description of the vessel in relation to which the warrant is issued; and

                     (c)  specify a day as the day on which the warrant ceases to have effect.

             (4)  The day specified under paragraph (3)(c) must not be later than 7 days after the day on which the warrant is issued.

623  Exercise of powers in serious circumstances

                   An authorised person may exercise, in relation to a vessel, any or all of the powers referred to in subsection 621(1) if:

                     (a)  the authorised person has reasonable grounds to believe that:

                              (i)  the vessel has been used, is being used or is about to be used in contravention of section 616, 617 or 619; or

                             (ii)  the exercise of those powers is necessary to prevent damage being caused to any well, pipeline, structure or equipment in the area to be avoided or in a safety zone; and

                     (b)  the circumstances are of such a serious nature as to require and justify the immediate exercise of those powers without the authority of a warrant issued under section 622.

Part 6.7Collection of fees and royalties

Division 3Royalties payable under the Royalty Act

631  When royalty due for payment

             (1)  Royalty payable under the Royalty Act in relation to petroleum recovered during a royalty period is due and payable at the end of the next royalty period.

             (2)  In this section:

royalty period has the same meaning as in the Royalty Act.

632  When adjusted amount due for payment

Provisional value

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  an amount is payable under subsection 16(2) of the Royalty Act; and

                     (b)  paragraph 16(1)(a) of the Royalty Act applies;

the amount is due and payable at the end of the next royalty period following the royalty period in which the agreement or determination mentioned in that paragraph was made.

Error in calculation etc.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  an amount is payable by a person under subsection 16(2) of the Royalty Act; and

                     (b)  paragraph 16(1)(b) of the Royalty Act applies;

the amount is due and payable at the end of the next royalty period following the royalty period in which the error mentioned in that paragraph was notified to the person.

Definition

             (3)  In this section:

royalty period has the same meaning as in the Royalty Act.

633  Late payment penalty

             (1)  This section applies if royalty payable by a person under the Royalty Act remains unpaid after the time when it became due for payment.

             (2)  The person is liable to pay a penalty accruing from the time the royalty became due for payment until it is paid in full.

             (3)  The penalty is calculated at the rate of 0.333333% per day on the amount of the royalty remaining unpaid.

             (4)  A penalty is not payable under this section in relation to any period before the end of 7 days after the value of the petroleum was agreed or determined under section 12 of the Royalty Act.

             (5)  An amount payable under this section is to be known as a late payment penalty.

             (6)  In this section:

royalty includes an amount under subsection 16(2) of the Royalty Act.

634  Recovery of royalty debts

             (1)  For the purposes of this section, a royalty debt is:

                     (a)  an amount of royalty under the Royalty Act that is due and payable by a person; or

                     (b)  an amount under subsection 16(2) of the Royalty Act that is due and payable by a person; or

                     (c)  an amount of late payment penalty under section 633 of this Act.

             (2)  A royalty debt is a debt due to the Commonwealth.

             (3)  A royalty debt may be recovered by the Commonwealth by action in a court of competent jurisdiction.

635  Amounts payable to the Titles Administrator

                   The following amounts are payable to the Titles Administrator on behalf of the Commonwealth:

                     (a)  an amount of royalty under the Royalty Act; or

                     (b)  an amount under subsection 16(2) of the Royalty Act; or

                     (c)  an amount of late payment penalty under section 633 of this Act.

Division 4Fees payable under this Act

636  Fees payable under this Act

             (1)  Each of the following fees is payable to the Titles Administrator on behalf of the Commonwealth:

                     (a)  a fee under subsection 256(2);

                     (b)  a fee under subsection 483(2);

                     (c)  a fee under subsection 485(2);

                     (d)  a fee under subsection 515(1) or (2);

                     (e)  a fee under subsection 516(2) or (4);

                  (eaa)  a fee under subsection 516A(1);

                    (ea)  a fee under subsection 564(1) or (2);

                   (eb)  a fee under subsection 565(2) or (4);

                    (ec)  a fee under subsection 565A(1);

                      (f)  a fee under regulations made for the purposes of paragraph 712(2)(c) or 713(2)(c);

                     (g)  a fee under Schedule 5 that is payable because of a requirement of the Titles Administrator.

             (2)  Each of the following fees is payable to the Commonwealth:

                     (a)  a fee under subsection 427(2);

                     (b)  a fee under subsection 534(2);

                     (c)  a fee under subsection 536(2);

                      (f)  a fee under regulations made for the purposes of paragraph 738(2)(c);

                     (g)  a fee under regulations made for the purposes of paragraph 739(2)(c).

Part 6.8Occupational health and safety

  

637  Occupational health and safety

                   Schedule 3 has effect.

638  Listed OHS laws

             (1)  The following provisions are the listed OHS laws for the purposes of this Act:

                     (a)  section 603 or 609 of this Act, to the extent to which the conduct prohibited by that section results in:

                              (i)  damage to, or interference with, a facility (within the meaning of Schedule 3 to this Act); or

                             (ii)  interference with any operations or activities being carried out, or any works being executed, on, by means of, or in connection with, a facility (within the meaning of Schedule 3 to this Act);

                            where the damage or interference, as the case may be, affects, or has the potential to affect, the health or safety of members of the workforce at a facility (within the meaning of Schedule 3 to this Act);

                     (b)  Schedule 3 to this Act;

                     (c)  regulations made for the purposes of Schedule 3 to this Act;

                     (d)  the Offshore Petroleum (Safety) Regulations 2009;

                     (e)  Part 5 of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage (Resource Management and Administration) Regulations 2011, to the extent to which that Part relates to occupational health and safety matters;

                     (h)  any other regulations relating to occupational health and safety matters that are prescribed for the purposes of this paragraph.

          (1A)  A listed OHS law includes a requirement made under a provision listed in subsection (1).

             (2)  If the regulations referred to in paragraph (1)(d) are renamed, that paragraph is amended by omitting the old name and substituting the new name.

639  Regulations relating to occupational health and safety

             (1)  The regulations may make provision in relation to the health and safety of persons at or near a regulated operations site who are under the control of a person who is carrying on a regulated operation.

             (2)  Regulations made for the purposes of subsection (1) may:

                     (a)  require a person who is carrying on a regulated operation to establish and maintain a system of management to secure the health and safety of persons referred to in that subsection; and

                     (b)  specify requirements with which the system must comply.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not limit subsection (1).

Note:          Under subsection 80(3), the application in an offshore area of State or Territory laws is subject to regulations made under this Act.

640  Commonwealth maritime legislation does not apply in relation to facilities located in offshore areas

             (1)  Commonwealth maritime legislation does not apply in relation to:

                     (a)  a facility located in the offshore area of a State or Territory; or

                     (b)  a person at such a facility; or

                     (c)  a person near such a facility, to the extent to which the person is affected by:

                              (i)  such a facility; or

                             (ii)  activities that take place at such a facility; or

                     (d)  activities that take place at such a facility.

Note 1:       Instead, a facility located in the offshore area of a State or Territory will be covered by the listed OHS laws.

Note 2:       The offshore area of a State or Territory is defined by section 8.

             (2)  However, subsection (1) does not prevent the application of Commonwealth maritime legislation to the extent that it relates to the transfer of persons or goods between a ship and a facility.

Note:          In these cases, Commonwealth maritime legislation will generally apply in addition to the listed OHS laws.

             (3)  In this section:

Commonwealth maritime legislation means:

                     (a)  the Navigation Act 2012; and

                     (b)  the Occupational Health and Safety (Maritime Industry) Act 1993; and

                     (c)  any subordinate legislation under either of those Acts.

facility has the same meaning as in Schedule 3.

ship means any kind of vessel that:

                     (a)  is used in navigation by water, however propelled or moved; and

                     (b)  is not, for the time being, a facility or part of a facility.

Note:          See also Part 1.4, which deals with the application of State and Northern Territory laws.

641  Commonwealth maritime legislation does not apply in relation to facilities located in designated coastal waters

             (1)  This section applies in relation to an area in the designated coastal waters of a State or of the Northern Territory if the relevant State or Territory PSLA and regulations under the relevant State or Territory PSLA, in their application to that area, substantially correspond to the listed OHS laws.

             (2)  Commonwealth maritime legislation is disapplied in that area to the same extent as Commonwealth maritime legislation is disapplied in the offshore area.

             (3)  In this section:

Commonwealth maritime legislation has the same meaning as in section 640.

designated coastal waters, in relation to a State or the Northern Territory, has the same meaning as in Part 6.9.

State PSLA has the same meaning as in Part 6.9.

Territory PSLA has the same meaning as in Part 6.9.

Part 6.9National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority

Division 1Introduction

642  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      There is to be a National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority (NOPSEMA).

•      NOPSEMA has functions in relation to the occupational health and safety of persons engaged in:

               (a)     offshore petroleum operations; or

              (b)     offshore greenhouse gas storage operations.

•      NOPSEMA also has functions in relation to:

               (a)     the structural integrity of facilities, wells and well‑related equipment; and

              (b)     environmental management.

•      There is to be a Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of NOPSEMA.

•      There is to be a National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority Board.

•      The main function of the Board is to give advice, and make recommendations, to the CEO about the operational policies and strategies to be followed by NOPSEMA in the performance of its functions.

643  Definitions

                   In this Part, unless the contrary intention appears:

Board means the National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority Board continued in existence by section 653.

Board member means a member of the Board, and includes the Chair of the Board.

CEO means the Chief Executive Officer of NOPSEMA.

Commonwealth waters means the waters of the sea that comprise the offshore areas of each State and of each Territory.

Note:          The offshore area of a State or Territory is defined by section 8.

designated coastal waters, in relation to a State or the Northern Territory, has the meaning given by section 644.

environmental management law means the provisions of:

                     (a)  this Act; or

                     (b)  the regulations;

to the extent to which the provisions relate to, or empower NOPSEMA to take action in relation to:

                     (c)  offshore petroleum environmental management in relation to Commonwealth waters; or

                     (d)  offshore greenhouse gas storage environmental management in relation to Commonwealth waters.

facility means:

                     (a)  a facility (within the meaning of Schedule 3) located in Commonwealth waters; or

                     (b)  if there are provisions of a State or Territory PSLA that substantially correspond to Schedule 3 to this Act to the extent to which that Schedule relates to offshore petroleum operations—a vessel, structure or other thing that:

                              (i)  is located in the designated coastal waters of the State or of the Northern Territory, as the case may be; and

                             (ii)  would have been a facility (within the meaning of Schedule 3 to this Act) if subclauses 4(5A) to (5E) of that Schedule had not been enacted and the vessel, structure, or thing had been located in Commonwealth waters; or

                     (c)  if there are provisions of a State or Territory PSLA that substantially correspond to Schedule 3 to this Act to the extent to which that Schedule relates to offshore greenhouse gas storage operations—a vessel, structure or other thing that:

                              (i)  is located in the designated coastal waters of the State or of the Northern Territory, as the case may be; and

                             (ii)  would have been a facility (within the meaning of Schedule 3 to this Act) if subclauses 4(1) to (5) of that Schedule had not been enacted and the vessel, structure, or thing had been located in Commonwealth waters.

For the purposes of paragraphs (b) and (c), assume that a reference in Schedule 3 to this Act to a pipeline licence includes a reference to a pipeline licence under a State or Territory PSLA.

Greenhouse Gas Storage Ministerial Council means:

                     (a)  if there is a Ministerial Council that deals with matters relating to:

                              (i)  the injection of greenhouse gas substances into parts of geological formations; and

                             (ii)  the permanent storage of greenhouse gas substances in parts of geological formations;

                            that Ministerial Council; or

                     (b)  in any other case—the Ministers responsible for mineral and energy resources matters.

NOPSEMA waters means:

                     (a)  Commonwealth waters; and

                     (b)  the designated coastal waters of each State and of the Northern Territory.

Northern Territory Greenhouse Gas Storage Minister means:

                     (a)  the Minister of the Northern Territory who is responsible for matters relating to:

                              (i)  the injection of greenhouse gas substances into parts of geological formations; and

                             (ii)  the permanent storage of greenhouse gas substances in parts of geological formations; or

                     (b)  another Minister of the Northern Territory acting for and on behalf of the Minister referred to in paragraph (a).

Northern Territory Petroleum Minister means:

                     (a)  the Minister of the Northern Territory who is responsible for the Territory PSLA; or

                     (b)  another Minister of the Northern Territory acting for and on behalf of the Minister referred to in paragraph (a).

offshore greenhouse gas storage environmental management means the prevention, management, mitigation or remediation of the environmental impacts of regulated operations that relate to:

                     (a)  the exploration for potential greenhouse gas storage formations or potential greenhouse gas injection sites; or

                     (b)  the injection of a greenhouse gas substance into the seabed or subsoil; or

                     (c)  the permanent storage of a greenhouse gas substance in the seabed or subsoil; or

                     (d)  the compression, processing, offloading, piped conveyance or pre‑injection storage of a greenhouse gas substance; or

                     (e)  the monitoring of a greenhouse gas substance stored in the seabed or subsoil.

offshore greenhouse gas storage operations means any regulated operations (including diving operations) that:

                     (a)  relate to:

                              (i)  the exploration for potential greenhouse gas storage formations or potential greenhouse gas injection sites; or

                             (ii)  the injection of a greenhouse gas substance into the seabed or subsoil; or

                            (iii)  the permanent storage of a greenhouse gas substance in the seabed or subsoil; or

                            (iv)  the compression, processing, offloading, piped conveyance or pre‑injection storage of a greenhouse gas substance; or

                             (v)  the monitoring of a greenhouse gas substance stored in the seabed or subsoil; and

                     (b)  if the operations are diving operations—take place in NOPSEMA waters; and

                     (c)  if the operations are not diving operations—take place:

                              (i)  in NOPSEMA waters; and

                             (ii)  at a facility.

offshore petroleum environmental management means the prevention, management, mitigation or remediation of the environmental impacts of regulated operations that relate to:

                     (a)  the exploration for petroleum; or

                     (b)  the recovery, processing, storage, offloading or piped conveyance of petroleum.

offshore petroleum operations means any regulated operations (including diving operations) that:

                     (a)  relate to:

                              (i)  the exploration for petroleum; or

                             (ii)  the recovery, processing, storage, offloading or piped conveyance of petroleum; and

                     (b)  if the operations are diving operations—take place in NOPSEMA waters; and

                     (c)  if the operations are not diving operations—take place:

                              (i)  in NOPSEMA waters; and

                             (ii)  at a facility.

regulated operation includes an activity to which the core regulatory provisions of a State or Territory PSLA apply. For this purpose, the core regulatory provisions are the provisions that substantially correspond to Chapter 2 or 3 of this Act.

State Greenhouse Gas Storage Minister, in relation to a State, means:

                     (a)  the Minister of that State who is responsible for matters relating to:

                              (i)  the injection of greenhouse gas substances into parts of geological formations; and

                             (ii)  the permanent storage of greenhouse gas substances in parts of geological formations; or

                     (b)  another Minister of that State acting for and on behalf of the Minister referred to in paragraph (a).

State Petroleum Minister, in relation to a State, means:

                     (a)  the Minister of that State who is responsible for the State PSLA; or

                     (b)  another Minister of that State acting for and on behalf of the Minister referred to in paragraph (a).

State PSLA means:

                     (a)  in relation to New South Wales—the Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act 1982 of that State or such other law of that State as is prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph; or

                     (b)  in relation to Victoria—the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2010 of that State or such other law of that State as is prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph; or

                     (c)  in relation to Queensland—the Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act 1982 of that State or such other law of that State as is prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph; or

                     (d)  in relation to Western Australia—the Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act 1982 of that State or such other law of that State as is prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph; or

                     (e)  in relation to South Australia—the Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act 1982 of that State or such other law of that State as is prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph; or

                      (f)  in relation to Tasmania—the Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act 1982 of that State or such other law of that State as is prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph.

Territory PSLA means the Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act of the Northern Territory or such other law of the Northern Territory as is prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph.

644  Designated coastal waters

                   For the purposes of this Part, designated coastal waters, in relation to a State or the Northern Territory, means so much of the scheduled area for the State or Territory as consists of any waters of the sea that are on the landward side of the offshore area of the State or Territory.

Division 2Establishment, functions and powers of NOPSEMA

645  National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority

                   The body known immediately before the commencement of this section as the National Offshore Petroleum Safety Authority is continued in existence as the National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority.