Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

Primary content

Act No. 91 of 1999 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Environment Legislation Amendment Act 2015
An Act relating to the protection of the environment and the conservation of biodiversity, and for related purposes
Administered by: Environment
Registered 12 Mar 2015
Start Date 06 Mar 2015
End Date 17 Jun 2015
Table of contents.

Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999

No. 91, 1999

Compilation No. 43

Compilation date:                              6 March 2015

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 11, 2015

Registered:                                         12 March 2015

This compilation is in 2 volumes

Volume 1:       sections 1266

Volume 2:       sections 266B–528

                                    Schedule

                                    Endnotes

Each volume has its own contents

 

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 6 March 2015 (the compilation date).

This compilation was prepared on 12 March 2015.

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on ComLaw (www.comlaw.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on ComLaw for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on ComLaw for the compiled law.

Self-repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Chapter 5—Conservation of biodiversity and heritage        1

Part 13—Species and communities                                                                              1

Division 5—Conservation advice, recovery plans, threat abatement plans and wildlife conservation plans                                                                                                                        1

Subdivision AA—Approved conservation advice                                              1

266B...................... Approved conservation advice for listed threatened species and listed threatened ecological communities............................................................................................ 1

Subdivision A—Recovery plans and threat abatement plans                         3

267........................ Simplified outline of this Subdivision................................. 3

268........................ Compliance with recovery plans and threat abatement plans 4

269........................ Implementing recovery and threat abatement plans............. 4

269AA.................. Decision whether to have a recovery plan........................... 4

269A..................... Making or adopting a recovery plan................................... 7

270........................ Content of recovery plans................................................... 9

270A..................... Decision whether to have a threat abatement plan............. 11

270B...................... Making or adopting a threat abatement plan...................... 13

271........................ Content of threat abatement plans..................................... 15

272........................ Eradication of non‑native species...................................... 17

273........................ Ensuring plans are in force............................................... 17

274........................ Scientific Committee to advise on plans............................ 18

275........................ Consultation on plans....................................................... 19

276........................ Consideration of comments.............................................. 20

277........................ Adoption of State plans.................................................... 20

278........................ Publication of plans.......................................................... 21

279........................ Variation of plans by the Minister.................................... 21

280........................ Variation by a State or Territory of joint plans and plans adopted by the Minister   22

281........................ Commonwealth assistance................................................ 23

282........................ Scientific Committee to advise on assistance.................... 23

283........................ Plans may cover more than one species etc....................... 24

283A..................... Revoking a plan................................................................ 24

284........................ Reports on preparation and implementation of plans........ 25

Subdivision B—Wildlife conservation plans                                                    25

285........................ Wildlife conservation plans............................................... 25

286........................ Acting in accordance with wildlife conservation plans..... 27

287........................ Content of wildlife conservation plans.............................. 27

288........................ Eradication of non‑native species...................................... 28

289........................ Scientific Committee to advise on scheduling of plans..... 28

290........................ Consultation on plans....................................................... 29

291........................ Consideration of comments.............................................. 30

292........................ Adoption of State plans.................................................... 30

293........................ Publication, review and variation of plans........................ 30

294........................ Variation of plans by the Minister.................................... 31

295........................ Variation by a State or Territory of joint plans and plans adopted by the Minister   31

296........................ Commonwealth assistance................................................ 32

297........................ Plans may cover more than one species etc....................... 33

298........................ Reports on preparation and implementation of plans........ 33

Subdivision C—Miscellaneous                                                                              33

299........................ Wildlife conservation plans cease to have effect............... 33

300........................ Document may contain more than one plan...................... 34

300A..................... State and Territory laws not affected................................. 34

300B...................... Assistance from the Scientific Committee......................... 34

Division 6—Access to biological resources                                                     35

301........................ Control of access to biological resources.......................... 35

Division 6A—Control of non‑native species                                                   36

301A..................... Regulations for control of non‑native species................... 36

Division 7—Aid for conservation of species in foreign countries       37

302........................ Aid for conservation of species in foreign countries......... 37

Division 8—Miscellaneous                                                                                       38

303........................ Regulations....................................................................... 38

303A..................... Exemptions from this Part................................................ 38

303AA.................. Conditions relating to accreditation of plans, regimes and policies           39

303AB................... Amended policies, regimes or plans taken to be accredited 40

Part 13A—International movement of wildlife specimens                         41

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                          41

303BA................... Objects of Part.................................................................. 41

303BAA................ Certain indigenous rights not affected............................... 41

303BB................... Simplified outline.............................................................. 42

303BC................... Definitions........................................................................ 43

Division 2—CITES species                                                                                      45

Subdivision A—CITES species and CITES specimens                                   45

303CA................... Listing of CITES species.................................................. 45

303CB................... Stricter domestic measures................................................ 46

Subdivision B—Offences and permit system                                                    47

303CC................... Exports of CITES specimens............................................ 47

303CD................... Imports of CITES specimens............................................ 48

303CE................... Applications for permits................................................... 50

303CF................... Further information........................................................... 50

303CG................... Minister may issue permits............................................... 51

303CH................... Specific conditions relating to the export or import of CITES specimens for commercial purposes        53

303CI.................... Time limit for making permit decision.............................. 56

303CJ.................... Duration of permits........................................................... 57

303CK................... Register of applications and decisions.............................. 57

Subdivision C—Application of CITES                                                               57

303CL................... Application of CITES—Management Authority and Scientific Authority               57

303CM.................. Interpretation of CITES provisions................................... 57

303CN................... Resolutions of the Conference of the Parties to CITES.... 58

Division 3—Exports of regulated native specimens                                   59

Subdivision A—Regulated native specimens                                                     59

303DA.................. Regulated native specimens.............................................. 59

303DB................... Listing of exempt native specimens.................................. 59

303DC................... Minister may amend list.................................................... 60

Subdivision B—Offence and permit system                                                      62

303DD.................. Exports of regulated native specimens.............................. 62

303DE................... Applications for permits................................................... 63

303DF................... Further information........................................................... 63

303DG.................. Minister may issue permits............................................... 63

303DH.................. Time limit for making permit decision.............................. 66

303DI.................... Duration of permits........................................................... 67

303DJ.................... Register of applications and decisions.............................. 67

Division 4—Imports of regulated live specimens                                         68

Subdivision A—Regulated live specimens                                                         68

303EA................... Regulated live specimens.................................................. 68

303EB................... Listing of specimens suitable for live import.................... 68

303EC................... Minister may amend list.................................................... 69

Subdivision B—Assessments relating to the amendment of the list of specimens suitable for import      71

303ED................... Amendment of list on the Minister’s own initiative.......... 71

303EE.................... Application for amendment of list..................................... 71

303EF.................... Requirement for assessments............................................ 72

303EG................... Timing of decision about proposed amendment................ 73

303EH................... Requesting further information......................................... 74

303EI..................... Notice of refusal of proposed amendment........................ 74

303EJ.................... Reviews............................................................................ 74

Subdivision C—Offence and permit system                                                      74

303EK................... Imports of regulated live specimens.................................. 74

303EL.................... Applications for permits................................................... 75

303EM.................. Further information........................................................... 75

303EN................... Minister may issue permits............................................... 76

303EO................... Time limit for making permit decision.............................. 77

303EP.................... Duration of permits........................................................... 77

303EQ................... Register of applications and decisions.............................. 77

Subdivision D—Marking of certain specimens for the purposes of identification        78

303ER................... Object............................................................................... 78

303ES.................... Specimens to which Subdivision applies.......................... 78

303ET.................... Extended meaning of marking.......................................... 78

303EU................... Secretary may make determinations about marking of specimens            79

303EV................... Offences........................................................................... 80

303EW.................. This Subdivision does not limit conditions of permits...... 81

Division 5—Concepts relating to permit criteria                                        82

Subdivision A—Non‑commercial purpose exports and imports                  82

303FA................... Eligible non‑commercial purpose exports......................... 82

303FB................... Eligible non‑commercial purpose imports......................... 82

303FC................... Export or import for the purposes of research.................. 83

303FD................... Export or import for the purposes of education................ 84

303FE.................... Export or import for the purposes of exhibition................ 84

303FF.................... Export or import for conservation breeding or propagation 85

303FG................... Export or import of household pets.................................. 86

303FH................... Export or import of personal items................................... 87

303FI..................... Export or import for the purposes of a travelling exhibition 88

Subdivision B—Commercial purpose exports and imports                          88

303FJ.................... Eligible commercial purpose exports................................ 88

303FK................... Export or import from an approved captive breeding program 89

303FL.................... Export from an approved artificial propagation program.. 89

303FLA................. Export from an approved cultivation program.................. 90

303FM.................. Export from an approved aquaculture program................. 90

303FN................... Approved wildlife trade operation.................................... 90

303FO................... Approved wildlife trade management plan........................ 93

303FP.................... Accredited wildlife trade management plan....................... 95

303FQ................... Consultation with State and Territory agencies................. 97

303FR................... Public consultation............................................................ 97

303FRA................ Assessments..................................................................... 97

303FS.................... Register of declarations..................................................... 98

303FT.................... Additional provisions relating to declarations................... 99

303FU................... Approved commercial import program........................... 100

Division 6—Miscellaneous                                                                                     101

303GA.................. Permit decision—controlled action, and action for which a non‑Part 13A permit is required  101

303GB................... Exceptional circumstances permit................................... 103

303GC................... Permit authorising the Secretary to export or import specimens               106

303GD.................. Testing permit—section 303EE assessments.................. 107

303GE................... Conditions of permits..................................................... 109

303GF................... Contravening conditions of a permit............................... 111

303GG.................. Authorities under permits............................................... 112

303GH.................. Transfer of permits......................................................... 113

303GI.................... Suspension or cancellation of permits............................. 113

303GJ.................... Review of decisions........................................................ 114

303GK................... Permit to be produced..................................................... 114

303GL................... Pre‑CITES certificate to be produced.............................. 115

303GM.................. Fees................................................................................ 116

303GN.................. Possession of illegally imported specimens.................... 117

303GO.................. Regulations relating to welfare........................................ 119

303GP................... Cruelty—export or import of animals............................. 120

303GQ.................. Imports of specimens contrary to the laws of a foreign country               121

303GR................... Evidence......................................................................... 121

303GS................... Evidence of examiner...................................................... 122

303GT................... Protection of witness...................................................... 124

303GU.................. Forms and declarations—persons arriving in Australia or an external Territory      124

303GV.................. Saving of other laws....................................................... 124

303GW.................. Part not to apply to certain specimens............................. 125

303GX.................. Part not to apply to certain specimens used by traditional inhabitants      127

303GY.................. When a specimen is lawfully imported............................ 129

Part 14—Conservation agreements                                                                        130

304........................ Object of this Part........................................................... 130

305........................ Minister may enter into conservation agreements........... 131

306........................ Content of conservation agreements............................... 135

306A..................... Conservation agreement may include declaration that actions do not need approval under Part 9            138

307........................ Conservation agreements to be legally binding............... 139

307A..................... Conservation agreements may deal with remediation or mitigation measures          139

308........................ Variation and termination of conservation agreements.... 141

309........................ Publication of conservation agreements.......................... 142

310........................ List of conservation agreements...................................... 143

311........................ Commonwealth, State and Territory laws....................... 143

312........................ Minister must not give preference................................... 144

Part 15—Protected areas                                                                                               145

Division 1—Managing World Heritage properties                                  145

Subdivision A—Simplified outline of this Division                                       145

313........................ Simplified outline of this Division.................................. 145

Subdivision B—Seeking agreement on World Heritage listing                 146

314........................ Special provisions relating to World Heritage nominations 146

Subdivision C—Notice of submission of property for listing                     146

315........................ Minister must give notice of submission of property for listing etc.        146

Subdivision D—Plans for listed World Heritage properties in Commonwealth areas                147

316........................ Making plans.................................................................. 147

317........................ Notice of plans................................................................ 149

318........................ Commonwealth compliance with plans........................... 149

319........................ Review of plans every 5 years........................................ 150

Subdivision E—Managing World Heritage properties in States and self‑governing Territories             150

320........................ Application..................................................................... 150

321........................ Co‑operating to prepare and implement plans................. 150

322........................ Commonwealth responsibilities...................................... 151

Subdivision F—Australian World Heritage management principles       151

323........................ Australian World Heritage management principles......... 151

Subdivision G—Assistance for protecting World Heritage properties    152

324........................ Commonwealth assistance for protecting declared World Heritage properties         152

Division 1A—Managing National Heritage places                                   153

Subdivision A—Preliminary                                                                               153

324A..................... Simplified outline of this Division.................................. 153

Subdivision B—The National Heritage List                                                    154

324C...................... The National Heritage List.............................................. 154

324D..................... Meaning of National Heritage values............................. 154

Subdivision BA—Inclusion of places in the National Heritage List: usual process       155

324E...................... Simplified outline............................................................ 155

324F...................... Definitions...................................................................... 156

324G..................... Meaning of assessment period....................................... 157

324H..................... Minister may determine heritage themes for an assessment period          157

324J....................... Minister to invite nominations for each assessment period 158

324JA.................... Minister to give nominations to Australian Heritage Council.. 159

324JB.................... Australian Heritage Council to prepare proposed priority assessment list                160

324JC.................... Matters to be included in proposed priority assessment list 161

324JD.................... Statement to be given to Minister with proposed priority assessment list                162

324JE.................... The finalised priority assessment list.............................. 162

324JF.................... Publication of finalised priority assessment list.............. 163

324JG.................... Australian Heritage Council to invite comments on places in finalised priority assessment list               164

324JH.................... Australian Heritage Council to assess places on finalised priority assessment list and give assessments to Minister.......................................................................... 165

324JI..................... Time by which assessments to be provided to Minister.. 167

324JJ..................... Decision about inclusion of a place in the National Heritage List             168

Subdivision BB—Inclusion of places in the National Heritage List: emergency process            170

324JK.................... Simplified outline............................................................ 170

324JL.................... Minister may include place in National Heritage List if under threat        171

324JM................... Minister to ask Australian Heritage Council for assessment 173

324JN.................... Publication of listing of place and inviting comments..... 173

324JO.................... Australian Heritage Council to assess place and give assessment to Minister          174

324JP.................... Time by which assessments to be provided to Minister.. 175

324JQ.................... Decision about place remaining in the National Heritage List  175

Subdivision BC—Other provisions relating to the National Heritage List 179

324JR.................... Co‑ordination with Scientific Committee—Council undertaking assessment           179

324JS.................... Co‑ordination with Scientific Committee—Council given assessment to Minister  180

324K...................... Listing process not affected by changing boundaries of a place               181

324L...................... Removal of places or National Heritage values from the National Heritage List      181

324M..................... Minister must consider advice of the Australian Heritage Council and public comments        183

324N..................... Specifying one or more additional National Heritage values for a National Heritage place      184

324P...................... National Heritage List must be publicly available........... 184

324Q..................... Certain information may be kept confidential.................. 185

324R...................... Disclosure of Australian Heritage Council’s assessments and advice      185

Subdivision C—Management plans for National Heritage places in Commonwealth areas      187

324S...................... Management plans for National Heritage places in Commonwealth areas               187

324T...................... Restriction on ability to make plans................................ 189

324U..................... Compliance with plans by the Commonwealth and Commonwealth agencies         189

324V..................... Multiple plans in the same document.............................. 189

324W..................... Review of plans at least every 5 years............................ 190

Subdivision D—Management of National Heritage places in States and self‑governing Territories      190

324X..................... Plans and Commonwealth responsibilities...................... 190

Subdivision E—The National Heritage management principles               191

324Y..................... National Heritage management principles....................... 191

Subdivision F—Obligations of Commonwealth agencies                            192

324Z...................... Obligation to assist the Minister and the Australian Heritage Council     192

324ZA................... Protecting National Heritage values of places sold or leased 193

Subdivision G—Assistance for protecting National Heritage places        194

324ZB................... Commonwealth assistance for protecting National Heritage places          194

Subdivision H—Reviewing and reporting on the National Heritage List 195

324ZC................... Reviewing and reporting on the National Heritage List.. 195

Division 2—Managing wetlands of international importance            196

Subdivision A—Simplified outline of this Division                                       196

325........................ Simplified outline of this Division.................................. 196

Subdivision B—Seeking agreement on Ramsar designation                      197

326........................ Commonwealth must seek agreement before designation 197

Subdivision C—Notice of designation of wetland                                          197

327........................ Minister must give notice of designation of wetland etc. 197

Subdivision D—Plans for listed wetlands in Commonwealth areas          198

328........................ Making plans.................................................................. 198

329........................ Notice of plans................................................................ 200

330........................ Commonwealth compliance with plans........................... 200

331........................ Review of plans every 5 years........................................ 200

Subdivision E—Management of wetlands in States and self‑governing Territories     201

332........................ Application..................................................................... 201

333........................ Co‑operating to prepare and implement plans................. 201

334........................ Commonwealth responsibilities...................................... 201

Subdivision F—Australian Ramsar management principles                      202

335........................ Australian Ramsar management principles..................... 202

Subdivision G—Assistance for protecting wetlands                                      202

336........................ Commonwealth assistance for protecting declared Ramsar wetlands       202

Division 3—Managing Biosphere reserves                                                   203

337........................ Definition of Biosphere reserve...................................... 203

338........................ Planning for management of Biosphere reserves............ 203

339........................ Commonwealth activities in Biosphere reserves............. 203

340........................ Australian Biosphere reserve management principles..... 204

341........................ Commonwealth assistance for protecting Biosphere reserves  204

Division 3A—Managing Commonwealth Heritage places                   205

Subdivision A—Preliminary                                                                               205

341A..................... Simplified outline of this Division.................................. 205

341B...................... Extension to places etc. outside the Australian jurisdiction 205

Subdivision B—The Commonwealth Heritage List                                      206

341C...................... The Commonwealth Heritage List.................................. 206

341D..................... Meaning of Commonwealth Heritage values................. 206

Subdivision BA—Inclusion of places in the Commonwealth Heritage List: usual process         207

341E...................... Simplified outline............................................................ 207

341F...................... Definitions...................................................................... 208

341G..................... Meaning of assessment period....................................... 209

341H..................... Minister to invite nominations for each assessment period 209

341J....................... Minister to give nominations to Australian Heritage Council.. 210

341JA.................... Australian Heritage Council to prepare proposed priority assessment list                211

341JB.................... Matters to be included in proposed priority assessment list 213

341JC.................... Statement to be given to Minister with proposed priority assessment list                213

341JD.................... The finalised priority assessment list.............................. 214

341JE.................... Publication of finalised priority assessment list.............. 215

341JF.................... Australian Heritage Council to invite comments on places in finalised priority assessment list               215

341JG.................... Australian Heritage Council to assess places on finalised priority assessment list and give assessments to Minister.......................................................................... 216

341JH.................... Time by which assessments to be provided to Minister.. 218

341JI..................... Decision about inclusion of a place in the Commonwealth Heritage List 219

Subdivision BB—Inclusion of places in the Commonwealth Heritage List: emergency process               222

341JJ..................... Simplified outline............................................................ 222

341JK.................... Minister may include place in Commonwealth Heritage List if under threat            223

341JL.................... Minister to ask Australian Heritage Council for assessment 224

341JM................... Publication of listing of place and inviting comments..... 224

341JN.................... Australian Heritage Council to assess place and give assessment to Minister          225

341JO.................... Time by which assessments to be provided to Minister.. 226

341JP.................... Decision about place remaining in the Commonwealth Heritage List       227

Subdivision BC—Other provisions relating to the Commonwealth Heritage List        230

341JQ.................... Co‑ordination with Scientific Committee—Council undertaking assessment           230

341JR.................... Co‑ordination with Scientific Committee—Council given assessment to Minister  232

341K...................... Listing process not affected by changing boundaries of a place               233

341L...................... Removal of places or Commonwealth Heritage values from the Commonwealth Heritage List               233

341M..................... Minister must consider advice of the Australian Heritage Council and public comments        235

341N..................... Specifying one or more additional Commonwealth Heritage values for a Commonwealth Heritage place........................................................................................ 236

341P...................... Commonwealth Heritage List must be publicly available 236

341Q..................... Certain information may be kept confidential.................. 237

341R...................... Disclosure of Australian Heritage Council’s assessments and advice      237

Subdivision C—Management plans for Commonwealth Heritage places 239

341S...................... Management plans for Commonwealth Heritage places. 239

341T...................... Endorsing management plans for Commonwealth Heritage places          241

341U..................... Restriction on ability to make plans................................ 241

341V..................... Compliance with plans by the Commonwealth and Commonwealth agencies         242

341W..................... Multiple plans in the same document.............................. 242

341X..................... Review of plans at least every 5 years............................ 242

Subdivision D—The Commonwealth Heritage management principles  243

341Y..................... Commonwealth Heritage management principles........... 243

Subdivision E—Obligations of Commonwealth agencies                            244

341Z...................... Obligation to assist the Minister and the Australian Heritage Council     244

341ZA................... Heritage strategies........................................................... 244

341ZB................... Heritage assessments and registers................................. 245

341ZC................... Minimising adverse impact on heritage values................ 246

341ZE.................... Protecting Commonwealth Heritage values of places sold or leased        246

Subdivision G—Assistance for protecting Commonwealth Heritage places   248

341ZG................... Commonwealth assistance for protecting Commonwealth Heritage places              248

Subdivision H—Reviewing and reporting on the Commonwealth Heritage List           248

341ZH................... Reviewing and reporting on the Commonwealth Heritage List                248

Division 4—Commonwealth reserves                                                              250

Subdivision A—Simplified outline of this Division                                       250

342........................ Simplified outline of this Division.................................. 250

Subdivision B—Declaring and revoking Commonwealth reserves          251

343........................ Simplified outline of this Subdivision............................. 251

344........................ Declaring Commonwealth reserves................................ 251

345........................ Extent of Commonwealth reserve................................... 253

345A..................... Commonwealth usage rights vest in Director................. 254

346........................ Content of Proclamation declaring Commonwealth reserve 254

347........................ Assigning Commonwealth reserves and zones to IUCN categories        255

348........................ Australian IUCN reserve management principles........... 255

350........................ Revocation and alteration of Commonwealth reserves.... 256

351........................ Report before making Proclamation................................ 257

352........................ What happens to Director’s usage rights when Commonwealth reserve is revoked                259

Subdivision C—Activities in Commonwealth reserves                                 259

353........................ Simplified outline of this Subdivision............................. 259

354........................ Activities that may be carried on only under management plan                260

354A..................... Offences relating to activities that may only be carried on under management plan 262

355........................ Limits on mining operations in Commonwealth reserves 267

355A..................... Offence relating to mining operations............................. 269

356........................ Regulations controlling activities relating to Commonwealth reserves     271

356A..................... Charges for activities in Commonwealth reserves.......... 273

357........................ Managing Commonwealth reserves while a management plan is not in operation   274

358........................ Restriction on disposal of Director’s interests in Commonwealth reserves              275

359........................ Prior usage rights relating to Commonwealth reserves continue to have effect        275

359A..................... Traditional use of Commonwealth reserves by indigenous persons         276

359B...................... Director’s approval of actions and mining operations when a management plan is not in operation        277

Subdivision D—Complying with management plans for Commonwealth reserves      279

361........................ Simplified outline of this Subdivision............................. 279

362........................ Commonwealth and Commonwealth agencies to comply with management plan for Commonwealth reserve........................................................................................ 280

363........................ Resolving disagreement between land council and Director over implementation of plan        280

364........................ Resolving disagreement between Director and Board over implementation of plan 282

Subdivision E—Approving management plans for Commonwealth reserves                283

365........................ Simplified outline of this Subdivision............................. 283

366........................ Obligation to prepare management plans for Commonwealth reserves    283

367........................ Content of a management plan for a Commonwealth reserve.. 285

368........................ Steps in preparing management plans for Commonwealth reserves         287

369........................ Resolving disagreements between Director and Board in planning process             290

370........................ Approval of management plans for Commonwealth reserves  291

371........................ Approved management plans are disallowable instruments 293

372........................ Amendment and revocation of management plans for Commonwealth reserves      293

373........................ Expiry of management plans for Commonwealth reserves 293

Subdivision F—Boards for Commonwealth reserves on indigenous people’s land      294

374........................ Simplified outline of this Subdivision............................. 294

375........................ Application..................................................................... 294

376........................ Functions of a Board for a Commonwealth reserve........ 294

377........................ Minister must establish Board if land council or traditional owners agree               295

378........................ Altering the constitution of a Board or abolishing a Board 296

379........................ Appointment of Board members..................................... 297

379A..................... Fit and proper person...................................................... 298

380........................ Terms and conditions...................................................... 298

381........................ Remuneration.................................................................. 299

382........................ Termination of appointments of Board members............ 299

383........................ Procedure of a Board...................................................... 301

Subdivision G—Special rules for some Commonwealth reserves in the Northern Territory or Jervis Bay Territory                                                                                                       303

384........................ Simplified outline of this Subdivision............................. 303

385........................ Activities in Commonwealth reserve without management plan              303

386........................ What are the Kakadu region and the Uluru region?....... 303

387........................ No mining operations in Kakadu National Park.............. 304

388........................ Establishment and development of townships in the Kakadu region and Uluru region            304

389........................ Planning for townships................................................... 305

390........................ Special rules to protect Aboriginal interests in planning process              306

390A..................... Appointment of Northern Territory nominee to Board... 308

Division 5—Conservation zones                                                                         310

390B...................... Simplified outline of this Division.................................. 310

390C...................... Object of this Division.................................................... 310

390D..................... Proclamation of conservation zones................................ 310

390E...................... Regulating activities generally......................................... 311

390F...................... Charges for activities in conservation zones................... 313

390G..................... Other laws and regulations made for this Division......... 313

390H..................... Prior usage rights relating to conservation zones continue to have effect 314

390J....................... Revoking and altering conservation zones...................... 315

Chapter 5A—The List of Overseas Places of Historic Significance to Australia             317

Part 15A—The List of Overseas Places of Historic Significance to Australia      317

390K...................... The List of Overseas Places of Historic Significance to Australia           317

390L...................... Inclusion of places in the List of Overseas Places of Historic Significance to Australia          317

390M..................... Removal of places from the List of Overseas Places of Historic Significance to Australia or variation of statement of historic significance.................................... 318

390N..................... Inviting comments from other Ministers before taking action  318

390P...................... Minister may ask Australian Heritage Council for advice etc.  318

390Q..................... List of Overseas Places of Historic Significance to Australia to be publicly available             319

390R...................... Disclosure of Australian Heritage Council’s assessments and advice      319

Chapter 5B—Declared commercial fishing activities           320

Part 15B—Declared commercial fishing activities                                         320

Division 1—Prohibition                                                                                           320

390SA................... Civil penalty—declared commercial fishing activities..... 320

390SB................... Offence—declared commercial fishing activities............ 320

Division 2—Declaring a commercial fishing activity                              322

Subdivision A—What is a declared commercial fishing activity?            322

390SC................... What is a declared commercial fishing activity?............. 322

Subdivision B—Interim declaration                                                                 322

390SD................... Interim declaration.......................................................... 322

390SE.................... Consultation.................................................................... 324

Subdivision C—Final declaration                                                                      325

390SF.................... Final declaration.............................................................. 325

Subdivision D—Revoking declarations                                                            326

390SG................... Revoking an interim or final declaration......................... 326

Division 3—Expert panel assessment of declared commercial fishing activity 327

390SH................... Establishment of expert panel......................................... 327

390SI..................... Terms and conditions...................................................... 328

390SJ.................... Procedure for assessment............................................... 328

390SK................... Timing of the report........................................................ 328

390SL.................... Publication of the report.................................................. 328

Division 4—Sunsetting of this Part                                                                    329

390SM.................. Sunsetting of this Part..................................................... 329

Chapter 6—Administration                                                                            330

Part 16—Precautionary principle and other considerations in making decisions              330

391........................ Minister must consider precautionary principle in making decisions       330

Part 17—Enforcement                                                                                                    333

Division 1—Wardens, rangers and inspectors                                            333

Subdivision A—Wardens and rangers                                                              333

392........................ Appointment of wardens and rangers............................. 333

393........................ Arrangements for certain officers or employees to exercise powers etc. of wardens or rangers              333

394........................ Wardens ex officio........................................................... 334

395........................ Identity cards.................................................................. 334

Subdivision B—Inspectors                                                                                   335

396........................ Appointment of inspectors.............................................. 335

397........................ Inspectors ex officio........................................................ 335

398........................ Arrangements for State and Territory officers to be inspectors                336

399........................ Identity cards.................................................................. 336

Subdivision BA—Exercise of powers of authorised officers outside the territorial sea              337

399A..................... Powers to be exercised consistently with UNCLOS...... 337

Subdivision BB—Exercise of powers of authorised officers in relation to Great Barrier Reef Marine Park      338

399B...................... Certain powers to be exercised only by certain authorised officers          338

Subdivision C—Miscellaneous                                                                            339

400........................ Regulations may give wardens, rangers and inspectors extra powers, functions and duties    339

401........................ Impersonating authorised officers and rangers............... 339

402........................ Offences against authorised officers and rangers............ 340

Division 2—Boarding of vessels etc. and access to premises              342

403........................ Boarding of vessels etc. by authorised officers............... 342

404........................ Authorised officers to produce identification.................. 345

405........................ Access to premises......................................................... 346

406........................ Powers of authorised officers......................................... 347

406A..................... Searches under paragraph 406(1)(ba)............................. 349

406AA.................. Taking things into possession......................................... 349

406B...................... Thing taken into possession is not a thing seized............ 350

Division 3—Monitoring of compliance                                                            351

407........................ Monitoring powers......................................................... 351

407A..................... Operation of electronic equipment at premises................ 352

407B...................... Compensation for damage to electronic equipment......... 355

408........................ Monitoring searches with occupier’s consent................. 356

409........................ Monitoring warrants....................................................... 358

409A..................... Monitoring warrants by telephone or other electronic means 359

409B...................... Executing officer to be in possession of warrant............ 362

410........................ Details of monitoring warrant to be given to occupier etc. 362

411........................ Occupier entitled to be present during search.................. 362

412........................ Announcement before entry............................................ 363

412A..................... Other powers when on premises under monitoring warrant 363

Division 4—Search warrants                                                                               365

413........................ When search warrants can be issued............................... 365

414........................ Statements in warrants.................................................... 366

415........................ Powers of magistrate...................................................... 368

416........................ Warrants by telephone or other electronic means............ 369

417........................ The things that are authorised by a search warrant.......... 371

418........................ Availability of assistance, and use of force, in executing a warrant          374

418A..................... Executing officer to be in possession of warrant............ 374

419........................ Details of warrant to be given to occupier etc................. 375

420........................ Specific powers available to person executing warrant... 375

421........................ Use of equipment to examine or process things.............. 376

422........................ Use of electronic equipment at premises......................... 377

423........................ Compensation for damage to electronic equipment......... 379

424........................ Copies of seized things to be provided........................... 380

425........................ Occupier entitled to be present during search.................. 380

426........................ Receipts for things seized under warrant........................ 381

427........................ Restrictions on personal searches................................... 381

428........................ When a thing is in the possession of a person................ 381

Division 6—Arrest and related matters                                                         382

430........................ Powers of arrest.............................................................. 382

431........................ Power to conduct a frisk search of an arrested person.... 383

432........................ Power to conduct an ordinary search of an arrested person 383

433........................ Power to conduct search of arrested person’s premises.. 383

433A..................... Interaction of this Division with Schedule 1................... 384

Division 6A—Provisions relating to detention of suspected foreign offenders  385

433B...................... Provisions relating to detention of suspected foreign offenders               385

Division 7—Miscellaneous provisions about searches, entry to premises, warrants etc.            386

434........................ Conduct of ordinary searches and frisk searches............ 386

435........................ Announcement before entry............................................ 386

436........................ Offence of making false statements in warrants.............. 386

437........................ Offences relating to telephone warrants.......................... 387

438........................ Retention of things seized under Division 4 or 6............ 387

440........................ Law relating to legal professional privilege not affected. 388

441........................ Other laws about search, arrest etc. not affected............. 388

442........................ Persons to assist authorised officers............................... 388

Division 8—Power to search goods, baggage etc.                                    391

443........................ Power to search goods, baggage etc............................... 391

Division 8A—Power to ask questions about specimens                          393

443A..................... Authorised officer may ask questions about the nature or origin of specimens        393

Division 9—Power to ask for names and addresses                                 396

444........................ Authorised person may ask for person’s name and address 396

Division 10—Seizure and forfeiture etc.                                                        397

Subdivision AA—Seizure of specimens involved in a contravention of Part 13A         397

444A..................... Seizure of specimens involved in a contravention of Part 13A                397

444B...................... Notice about seizure........................................................ 397

444C...................... Applications for return of specimen................................ 398

444D..................... Court action for return of specimen................................ 399

444E...................... Consignment of specimen with consent of owner.......... 399

444G..................... Retention of specimen..................................................... 400

444H..................... Forfeiture of specimen after end of retention period....... 401

Subdivision AB—Seizure of things (other than specimens involved in a contravention of Part 13A)      402

445........................ Seizure of things (other than specimens involved in a contravention of Part 13A)  402

446........................ Retention of things seized under this Subdivision.......... 403

Subdivision AC—Direction to deliver seizable items                                    406

447........................ Direction to deliver seizable items................................... 406

Subdivision B—Disposal of seized items                                                          407

449........................ Immediate disposal of seized items................................. 407

449A..................... Disposal of seized items if Secretary cannot locate or identify person entitled etc.   408

Subdivision BA—Release of seized items to owner etc.                                409

449BA................... Release of seized items to owner etc............................... 409

449BB................... How this Part applies in relation to things released conditionally             410

Subdivision C—Forfeiture of seized items                                                      410

450........................ Court‑ordered forfeiture: order by court dealing with offence proceedings              410

450A..................... Court‑ordered forfeiture: other situations........................ 411

450B...................... Forfeiture of seized items by consent etc........................ 412

451........................ Dealings in forfeited items.............................................. 413

452........................ Delivery of forfeited items to the Commonwealth.......... 413

Subdivision F—Keeping of organisms or specimens that have been seized 414

453........................ Keeping of organisms or specimens retained under this Part 414

454........................ Recovery of costs of storing or keeping organisms or specimens            414

Subdivision G—Rescuing things                                                                         415

455........................ Rescuing things.............................................................. 415

456........................ Breaking or destroying things or documents to prevent seizure etc.         415

Subdivision H—Seizure of cages or containers                                              416

456AA.................. Power to seize cages or containers containing seizable things  416

456AB................... Retention of seized cage or container.............................. 417

456AC................... Retention of non‑seizable things contained in seized cages or containers 418

Division 12—Environmental audits                                                                  419

458........................ Directed environmental audits......................................... 419

459........................ Appointment of auditor and carrying out of audit........... 420

460........................ Nature of directed environmental audit........................... 420

461........................ Audit reports................................................................... 421

462........................ Directed environmental audits do not affect other audit obligations         422

Division 13—Conservation orders                                                                    423

Subdivision A—Simplified outline                                                                     423

463........................ Simplified outline of this Division.................................. 423

Subdivision B—Making and reviewing conservation orders                     423

464........................ Minister may make conservation orders......................... 423

465........................ Duration of conservation orders..................................... 424

466........................ Reviews of conservation orders...................................... 425

467........................ Publication of conservation orders.................................. 425

468........................ Application for reconsideration of conservation orders or decisions on review       426

469........................ Reconsideration of conservation orders and decisions on review            427

Subdivision C—Complying with conservation orders                                  428

470........................ Contravening conservation orders is an offence............. 428

471........................ Minister to consider proposed actions etc....................... 428

472........................ Contents of notices of advice.......................................... 429

473........................ Review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal............ 429

474........................ Assistance in complying with conservation orders......... 429

Division 14—Injunctions                                                                                         431

475........................ Injunctions for contravention of the Act......................... 431

476........................ Injunctions for contraventions of conservation agreements 433

477........................ Discharge of injunctions................................................. 434

479........................ Certain considerations for granting injunctions not relevant 434

480........................ Powers conferred are in addition to other powers of the Court                435

Division 14A—Federal Court’s power to make remediation orders 436

480A..................... Remediation orders......................................................... 436

480B...................... Discharge of remediation orders..................................... 437

480C...................... Powers conferred are in addition to other powers of the Court                437

Division 14B—Minister’s power to make remediation determinations 438

Subdivision A—Making of remediation determinations                             438

480D..................... Minister may make remediation determination................ 438

480E...................... Contents of a remediation determination......................... 438

480F...................... Notifying owners and occupiers of land of proposed remediation determination     439

480G..................... Notifying that remediation determination has been made 440

480H..................... Duration of remediation determinations.......................... 440

480J....................... Ministerial reconsideration of remediation determinations 441

Subdivision B—Federal Court may set aside remediation determination 441

480K...................... Applying to Federal Court to have remediation determination set aside   441

Subdivision C—Complying with remediation determinations                   443

480L...................... Federal Court may order compliance with remediation determination      443

480M..................... Civil penalty for contravention of remediation determination 443

Subdivision D—Variation or revocation of remediation determinations 443

480N..................... Variation or revocation of remediation determination..... 443

Division 15—Civil penalties                                                                                  445

Subdivision A—Obtaining an order for a civil penalty                               445

481........................ Federal Court may order person to pay pecuniary penalty for contravening civil penalty provision        445

482........................ What is a civil penalty provision?.................................... 446

483........................ Contravening a civil penalty provision is not an offence. 446

484........................ Persons involved in contravening civil penalty provision 446

485........................ Recovery of a pecuniary penalty..................................... 447

Subdivision B—Civil penalty proceedings and criminal proceedings     447

486A..................... Civil proceedings after criminal proceedings.................. 447

486B...................... Criminal proceedings during civil proceedings............... 447

486C...................... Criminal proceedings after civil proceedings.................. 447

486D..................... Evidence given in proceedings for penalty not admissible in criminal proceedings  448

Subdivision C—Enforceable undertakings relating to contraventions of Part 3 civil penalty provisions             448

486DA.................. Acceptance of undertakings relating to contraventions of Part 3 civil penalty provisions        448

486DB................... Enforcement of undertakings.......................................... 449

Division 15A—Notices to produce or attend                                               450

486E...................... Application of Division.................................................. 450

486F...................... Minister may require person to provide information etc. 450

486G..................... Minister may require person to appear before Minister.. 451

486H..................... Persons to whom notices may not be given.................... 452

486J....................... Self‑incrimination........................................................... 452

Division 16—Review of administrative decisions                                      454

487........................ Extended standing for judicial review............................. 454

488........................ Applications on behalf of unincorporated organisations. 455

Division 17—Duty to provide accurate information                               456

489........................ Providing false or misleading information to obtain approval or permit   456

490........................ Providing false or misleading information in response to a condition on an approval or permit              457

491........................ Providing false or misleading information to authorised officer etc.        458

Division 18—Liability of executive officers for corporations            459

493........................ Who is an executive officer of a body corporate?............ 459

494........................ Civil penalties for executive officers of bodies corporate 459

495........................ Criminal liability of executive officers of bodies corporate 460

496........................ Did an executive officer take reasonable steps to prevent contravention? 461

Division 18A—Liability of landholders for other people’s actions  463

496A..................... Who is a landholder?...................................................... 463

496B...................... Civil penalties for landholders........................................ 463

496C...................... Criminal liability of landholders...................................... 463

496D..................... Did a landholder take reasonable steps to prevent a contravention?         465

Division 19—Infringement notices                                                                    466

497........................ Infringement notices....................................................... 466

Division 20—Publicising contraventions                                                        467

498........................ Minister may publicise contraventions of this Act or the regulations       467

Division 21—Immunity of officers                                                                     468

498A..................... Immunity of officers and assistants................................ 468

Division 22—Conduct of directors, employees and agents                  469

498B...................... Conduct of directors, employees and agents................... 469

Part 18—Remedying environmental damage                                                   472

499........................ Commonwealth powers to remedy environmental damage 472

500........................ Liability for loss or damage caused by contravention..... 473

501........................ Other powers not affected............................................... 474

Part 19—Organisations                                                                                                  475

Division 1—Establishment and functions of the Threatened Species Scientific Committee        475

502........................ Establishment.................................................................. 475

503........................ Functions of the Committee............................................ 475

Division 2—Establishment and functions of the Biological Diversity Advisory Committee       476

504........................ Establishment.................................................................. 476

505........................ Functions of the Committee............................................ 477

Division 2A—Indigenous Advisory Committee                                          478

505A..................... Establishment.................................................................. 478

505B...................... Functions of the Committee............................................ 478

Division 2B—Establishment and functions of the Independent Expert Scientific Committee on Coal Seam Gas and Large Coal Mining Development                         479

505C...................... Establishment.................................................................. 479

505D..................... Functions of the Committee............................................ 480

505E...................... Declared States and Territories....................................... 482

Division 3—Members and procedures of Committees                            483

506........................ Application..................................................................... 483

507........................ Terms and conditions...................................................... 483

508........................ Remuneration.................................................................. 483

509........................ Termination of appointments of Committee members..... 484

510........................ Procedure of a Committee............................................... 485

Division 4—Advisory committees                                                                      487

511........................ Minister may establish advisory committees................... 487

512........................ Appointments................................................................. 487

513........................ Members of advisory committees................................... 487

514........................ Committee procedure...................................................... 488

Division 5—Director of National Parks                                                         489

Subdivision A—Establishment, functions and powers                                  489

514A..................... Continuation................................................................... 489

514B...................... Functions........................................................................ 489

514C...................... Powers............................................................................ 490

514D..................... Requirements relating to functions and powers.............. 491

Subdivision B—Constitution of Director of National Parks                       492

514E...................... Constitution.................................................................... 492

514F...................... Appointment................................................................... 493

514G..................... Acting appointments....................................................... 493

Subdivision C—Terms and conditions of appointment                                494

514H..................... Term of office................................................................. 494

514J....................... Remuneration.................................................................. 494

514K...................... Outside employment....................................................... 494

514M..................... Leave of absence............................................................. 494

514N..................... Resignation..................................................................... 495

514P...................... Termination..................................................................... 495

514Q..................... Other terms and conditions............................................. 495

Subdivision D—Australian National Parks Fund                                          496

514R...................... Australian National Parks Fund...................................... 496

514S...................... Payments to Australian National Parks Fund................. 496

514T...................... Application of money..................................................... 497

Subdivision E—Accountability                                                                           497

514U..................... Application of Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013       497

514V..................... Extra matters to be included in annual report.................. 497

Subdivision F—Miscellaneous                                                                            498

514W..................... Exemption from taxation................................................. 498

514X..................... Changes in office of Director.......................................... 498

Part 19A—Reconsideration of fees                                                                         499

514Y..................... Applications for reconsideration of fee........................... 499

514YA.................. Reconsideration of fee.................................................... 499

514YB................... Deadline for reconsideration........................................... 500

Part 20—Delegation                                                                                                          501

515........................ Delegation....................................................................... 501

515AA.................. Delegation by Minister in relation to Great Barrier Reef Marine Park     501

515AB................... Delegation by Secretary in relation to Great Barrier Reef Marine Park    502

Part 20A—Publication of information on the internet                               504

515A..................... Publication of information on the internet....................... 504

Part 21—Reporting                                                                                                           505

Division 1—Annual reports                                                                                   505

516........................ Annual report on operation of Act.................................. 505

516A..................... Annual reports to deal with environmental matters......... 505

Division 2—State of the environment reports                                             508

516B...................... State of the environment reports..................................... 508

Chapter 7—Miscellaneous                                                                                509

Part 22—Miscellaneous                                                                                                  509

517........................ Determinations of species............................................... 509

517A..................... Exemption for activities that might harm particular species introduced into particular areas     509

518........................ Non‑compliance with time limits.................................... 512

519........................ Compensation for acquisition of property....................... 512

520........................ Regulations..................................................................... 513

520A..................... Statements about the application of the Act..................... 515

521........................ Fees and charges must not be taxes................................ 516

521A..................... Time does not run if all or part of fee remains unpaid..... 516

522........................ Financial assistance etc. to be paid out of appropriated money 517

522A..................... Review of operation of Act............................................. 517

Chapter 8—Definitions                                                                                        518

Part 23—Definitions                                                                                                         518

Division 1—Some definitions relating to particular topics                   518

Subdivision A—Actions                                                                                        518

523........................ Actions............................................................................ 518

524........................ Things that are not actions.............................................. 518

524A..................... Provision of grant funding is not an action..................... 519

Subdivision B—Areas                                                                                           519

525........................ Commonwealth areas...................................................... 519

Subdivision C—Entities                                                                                        521

526........................ Subsidiaries of bodies corporate..................................... 521

Subdivision D—Criminal law                                                                             521

527........................ Convictions..................................................................... 521

Subdivision E—Specimens                                                                                   521

527A..................... Specimens....................................................................... 521

527B...................... Breeding in captivity....................................................... 523

527C...................... Artificial propagation...................................................... 523

527D..................... Things represented to be CITES specimens.................... 523

Subdivision F—Impacts                                                                                        524

527E...................... Meaning of impact.......................................................... 524

Division 2—General list of definitions                                                             526

528........................ Definitions...................................................................... 526

Schedule 1—Provisions relating to detention of suspected foreign offenders    555

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                         555

Division 1—Objects of this Schedule                                                                555

1............................ Main objects of this Schedule......................................... 555

Division 2—Definitions                                                                                            557

2............................ Definitions...................................................................... 557

Division 3—Appointment etc. of detention officers                                  558

3............................ Minister may appoint persons to be detention officers.... 558

4............................ Detention officers subject to directions........................... 558

5............................ Detention officer etc. not liable to certain actions............ 558

Division 4—Approval of authorised officers and detention officers 560

6............................ The Secretary may approve authorised officers and detention officers     560

7............................ Persons who are authorised officers for purposes of the Migration Act 1958 are taken to be approved for this Schedule......................................................................... 560

Part 2—Detaining suspected foreign offenders                                               563

Division 1—Initial detention by an authorised officer                            563

8............................ Power to detain............................................................... 563

9............................ Relationship with Part IC of the Crimes Act 1914.......... 563

Division 2—Continued detention by a detention officer                        564

10.......................... Detention officer may detain person already detained by authorised officer             564

Division 3—Detention on behalf of an authorised officer or detention officer  565

11.......................... Detention on behalf of an authorised officer or detention officer             565

Division 4—Moving detainees                                                                              566

12.......................... Power to move detainees................................................ 566

Division 5—End of detention                                                                                567

13.......................... End of detention.............................................................. 567

Division 6—Offence of escaping from detention                                        568

14.......................... Escape from detention..................................................... 568

Part 3—Searching and screening detainees and screening their visitors 569

Division 1—Searches of detainees                                                                     569

15.......................... Searches of detainees...................................................... 569

Division 2—Screening of detainees                                                                   571

16.......................... Power to conduct a screening procedure......................... 571

Division 3—Strip searches of detainees                                                          573

17.......................... Power to conduct a strip search...................................... 573

18.......................... Rules for conducting a strip search................................. 575

Division 4—Keeping of things found by screening or strip search of detainees               578

19.......................... Possession and retention of certain things obtained during a screening procedure or strip search           578

20.......................... Approved officer may apply for a thing to be retained for a further period              579

21.......................... Magistrate may order that thing be retained.................... 580

Division 5—Screening detainees’ visitors                                                      581

22.......................... Powers concerning entry to premises where detainee is detained             581

Division 6—Law applying to detainee in State or Territory prison etc.               583

23.......................... Detainees held in State or Territory prisons or remand centres                583

Part 4—Detainees’ rights to facilities for obtaining legal advice etc.  584

24.......................... Detainee may have access to certain advice, facilities etc. 584

Part 5—Identifying detainees                                                                                     585

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                          585

25.......................... Definitions...................................................................... 585

26.......................... Meaning of personal identifier....................................... 585

27.......................... Limiting the types of identification tests that approved officers may carry out         587

Division 2—Identification of detainees                                                            588

Subdivision A—Provision of personal identifiers                                         588

28.......................... Detainees must provide personal identifiers.................... 588

29.......................... Approved officers must require and carry out identification tests            589

30.......................... Information to be provided before carrying out identification tests          590

Subdivision B—How identification tests are carried out                             591

31.......................... General rules for carrying out identification tests............ 591

32.......................... Use of force in carrying out identification tests............... 591

33.......................... Identification tests not to be carried out in cruel, inhuman or degrading manner etc.                593

34.......................... Approved officer may get help to carry out identification tests                594

35.......................... Identification tests to be carried out by approved officer of same sex as non‑citizen                594

36.......................... Independent person to be present.................................... 594

37.......................... Recording of identification tests...................................... 594

38.......................... Retesting......................................................................... 595

Subdivision C—Obligations relating to video recordings of identification tests           598

39.......................... Definitions...................................................................... 598

40.......................... Accessing video recordings............................................ 598

41.......................... Authorising access to video recordings.......................... 599

42.......................... Providing video recordings............................................. 600

43.......................... Unauthorised modification of video recordings.............. 601

44.......................... Unauthorised impairment of video recordings................ 601

45.......................... Meanings of unauthorised modification and unauthorised impairment etc.            602

46.......................... Destroying video recordings........................................... 603

Division 3—Identification of minors and incapable persons               604

47.......................... Minors............................................................................ 604

48.......................... Incapable persons........................................................... 604

Division 4—Obligations relating to detainees’ identifying information 606

Subdivision A—Preliminary                                                                               606

49.......................... Definitions...................................................................... 606

50.......................... Application..................................................................... 607

Subdivision B—Accessing identifying information                                      607

51.......................... Accessing identifying information.................................. 607

52.......................... Authorising access to identifying information................ 608

Subdivision C—Disclosing identifying information                                     609

53.......................... Disclosing identifying information................................. 609

54.......................... Authorising disclosure of identifying information to foreign countries etc.             611

Subdivision D—Modifying and impairing identifying information         612

55.......................... Unauthorised modification of identifying information.... 612

56.......................... Unauthorised impairment of identifying information...... 612

57.......................... Meanings of unauthorised modification and unauthorised impairment etc.            613

Subdivision E—Retaining identifying information                                      614

58.......................... Identifying information may be indefinitely retained....... 614

Part 6—Disclosure of detainees’ personal information                              615

59.......................... Disclosure of detainees’ personal information................ 615

Endnotes                                                                                                                                  616

Endnote 1—About the endnotes                                                                          616

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key                                                                              618

Endnote 3—Legislation history                                                                           619

Endnote 4—Amendment history                                                                         626


Chapter 5Conservation of biodiversity and heritage

Part 13Species and communities

Division 5Conservation advice, recovery plans, threat abatement plans and wildlife conservation plans

Subdivision AAApproved conservation advice

266B  Approved conservation advice for listed threatened species and listed threatened ecological communities

Minister to ensure there is approved conservation advice

             (1)  The Minister must ensure that there is approved conservation advice for each listed threatened species (except one that is extinct or that is a conservation dependent species), and each listed threatened ecological community, at all times while the species or community continues to be listed.

             (2)  For this purpose, approved conservation advice is a document, approved in writing by the Minister (and as changed from time to time in accordance with subsection (3)), that contains:

                     (a)  a statement that sets out:

                              (i)  the grounds on which the species or community is eligible to be included in the category in which it is listed; and

                             (ii)  the main factors that are the cause of it being so eligible; and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  information about what could appropriately be done to stop the decline of, or support the recovery of, the species or community; or

                             (ii)  a statement to the effect that there is nothing that could appropriately be done to stop the decline of, or support the recovery of, the species or community.

Changing approved conservation advice

             (3)  The Minister may, in writing, approve changes to approved conservation advice.

Consultation with Scientific Committee

             (4)  If the Minister proposes to approve a document as approved conservation advice, the Minister must consult the Scientific Committee about the document, unless its content is substantially the same as material that the Committee has previously provided to the Minister.

             (5)  If the Minister proposes to approve a change to approved conservation advice, the Minister must consult the Scientific Committee about the change, unless the change is substantially the same as a change that the Scientific Committee has previously advised the Minister should be made.

Publication requirements

             (6)  If the Minister approves a document as approved conservation advice, the Minister must:

                     (a)  within 10 days of the approval of the document, publish the approved conservation advice on the internet; and

                     (b)  comply with any other publication requirements of the regulations.

             (7)  If the Minister approves a change to approved conservation advice, the Minister must:

                     (a)  within 10 days of the approval of the change, publish the advice, as changed, on the internet; and

                     (b)  comply with any other publication requirements of the regulations.

Instruments of approval are not legislative instruments

             (8)  An instrument of approval under subsection (2) or (3) is not a legislative instrument.

Subdivision ARecovery plans and threat abatement plans

267  Simplified outline of this Subdivision

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Subdivision:

Recovery plans for listed threatened species and ecological communities and threat abatement plans for key threatening processes bind the Commonwealth and Commonwealth agencies.

The Minister need ensure that a recovery plan is in force for a listed threatened species or ecological community only if the Minister decides to have a recovery plan. The Minister must decide whether to have a recovery plan for the species or community within 90 days after it becomes listed. The Minister may, at any other time, decide whether to have such a plan.

The Minister need ensure a threat abatement plan is in force for a key threatening process only if the Minister decides that a plan is a feasible, effective and efficient way of abating the process. The Minister must consult before making such a decision.

A recovery plan or threat abatement plan can be made by the Minister alone or jointly with relevant States and Territories, or the Minister can adopt a State or Territory plan. There must be public consultation and advice from the Scientific Committee about the plan, regardless of how it is made or adopted.

268  Compliance with recovery plans and threat abatement plans

                   A Commonwealth agency must not take any action that contravenes a recovery plan or a threat abatement plan.

269  Implementing recovery and threat abatement plans

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), the Commonwealth must implement a recovery plan or threat abatement plan to the extent to which it applies in Commonwealth areas.

             (2)  If a recovery plan or a threat abatement plan applies outside Commonwealth areas in a particular State or self‑governing Territory, the Commonwealth must seek the co‑operation of the State or Territory with a view to implementing the plan jointly with the State or Territory to the extent to which the plan applies in the State or Territory.

269AA  Decision whether to have a recovery plan

Minister has an initial obligation and then a discretion

             (1)  The Minister must decide whether to have a recovery plan for a listed threatened species (except one that is extinct or that is a conservation dependent species) or a listed threatened ecological community within 90 days after the species or community becomes listed. The Minister may, at any other time, decide whether to have a recovery plan for the species or community.

             (2)  In this section:

                     (a)  the decision that the Minister is required by subsection (1) to make in relation to the species or community within the 90 day period referred to in that subsection is the initial recovery plan decision; and

                     (b)  any subsequent decision that the Minister makes under subsection (1) in relation to the species or community is a subsequent recovery plan decision.

Making the initial recovery plan decision

             (3)  In making the initial recovery plan decision, the Minister must have regard to the recommendation (the initial recommendation) made by the Scientific Committee as mentioned in paragraph 189(1B)(c) in relation to the species or community.

Making a subsequent recovery plan decision (unless subsection (5) applies)

             (4)  In making a subsequent recovery plan decision in relation to the species or community, other than a decision to which subsection (5) applies:

                     (a)  the Minister must have regard to the initial recommendation in relation to the species or community; and

                     (b)  the Minister must have regard to any advice subsequently provided to the Minister by the Scientific Committee about whether there should be a recovery plan for the species or community.

Changing from a decision to have a recovery plan to a decision not to have a recovery plan—additional requirements

             (5)  If, at a time when a decision to have a recovery plan for the species or community is in force (whether or not the plan has yet been made), the Minister is proposing to make a subsequent recovery plan decision that there should not be a recovery plan for the species or community:

                     (a)  the Minister must ask the Scientific Committee for advice relating to the proposed decision; and

                     (b)  the Minister must publish a notice inviting comments on the proposed decision in accordance with subsection (7); and

                     (c)  the Minister must, in deciding whether to make the proposed decision, take account of:

                              (i)  any advice provided by the Scientific Committee in relation to the proposed decision; and

                             (ii)  subject to subsection (6), the comments the Minister receives in response to the notice referred to in paragraph (b).

             (6)  The Minister is not required to take a comment referred to in subparagraph (5)(c)(ii) into account if:

                     (a)  the Minister does not receive the comment until after the cut‑off date specified in the notice under paragraph (5)(b); or

                     (b)  the Minister considers that regulations referred to in paragraph (8)(b) have not been complied with in relation to the comment.

             (7)  The notice referred to in paragraph (5)(b):

                     (a)  must be published in accordance with the regulations referred to in paragraph (8)(a); and

                     (b)  must set out the decision the Minister proposed to make; and

                     (c)  must invite people to make comments, to the Minister, about the proposed decision; and

                     (d)  must specify the date (the cut‑off date) by which comments must be received, which must be at least 30 business days after the notice has been published as required by paragraph (a); and

                     (e)  must specify, or refer to, the manner and form requirements that, under regulations referred to in paragraph (8)(b), apply to making comments; and

                      (f)  may also include any other information that the Minister considers appropriate.

             (8)  The regulations must provide for the following:

                     (a)  how a notice referred to in paragraph (5)(b) is to be published;

                     (b)  the manner and form for making comments.

General publication requirements

             (9)  The Minister must publish the following:

                     (a)  the Minister’s initial recovery plan decision, and the reasons for it;

                     (b)  each subsequent recovery plan decision (if any), and the reasons for it.

The regulations may specify how the publication is to be made. Subject to any such regulations, the publication must be made in a way that the Minister considers appropriate.

Note:          This subsection must be complied with, even if the Minister has already published notice of the proposed decision in accordance with subsections (5) and (7).

Decisions not legislative instruments

           (10)  An instrument making a decision under subsection (1) is not a legislative instrument.

269A  Making or adopting a recovery plan

Application

             (1)  This section applies only if the Minister’s most recent decision under section 269AA in relation to a listed threatened species (except one that is extinct or that is a conservation dependent species) or a listed threatened ecological community is to have a recovery plan for the species or community.

Note:          Subsection 273(1) sets a deadline of 3 years from the decision for ensuring that a recovery plan is in force for the species or community. Subsection 273(2) allows that period to be extended.

Making a plan

             (2)  The Minister may make a written recovery plan for the purposes of the protection, conservation and management of:

                     (a)  a listed threatened species (except one that is extinct or is a conservation dependent species); or

                     (b)  a listed threatened ecological community.

Making a plan jointly with a State or Territory

             (3)  The Minister may make a written recovery plan for the purposes of the protection, conservation and management of a listed threatened species (except one that is extinct or is a conservation dependent species) or a listed threatened ecological community jointly with one or more of the States and self‑governing Territories in which the species or community occurs, or with agencies of one or more of those States and Territories.

Content of a plan

             (4)  The Minister must not make a recovery plan under subsection (2) or (3) unless the plan meets the requirements of section 270.

Prerequisites to making a plan

             (5)  Before making a recovery plan under subsection (2) or (3) for a listed threatened species or listed threatened ecological community, the Minister must:

                     (a)  consult the appropriate Minister of each State and self‑governing Territory in which the species or community occurs, and in which actions that the plan would provide for would occur, with a view to:

                              (i)  taking the views of each of those States and Territories into account in making the plan under subsection (2); or

                             (ii)  making the plan jointly under subsection (3);

                            unless the species or community occurs only in a Commonwealth area; and

                     (b)  consider the advice of the Scientific Committee given under section 274; and

                     (c)  consult about the plan and consider comments in accordance with sections 275 and 276.

Limits on making a plan

             (6)  The Minister must not make a recovery plan under subsection (2) for a species or ecological community that occurs wholly or partly outside a Commonwealth area unless the Minister is satisfied that it is not reasonably practicable, within the period of 3 years referred to in subsection 273(1), to make the plan under subsection (3) of this section with each State or Territory:

                     (a)  in which the species or community occurs; and

                     (b)  in which actions that the plan would provide for would occur, if the plan were made under subsection (2) of this section.

Adopting a State or Territory plan

             (7)  The Minister may, by instrument in writing, adopt as a recovery plan a plan made by a State, a self‑governing Territory or an agency of a State or self‑governing Territory (whether or not the plan is in force in the State or Territory). The Minister may adopt the plan with such modifications as are specified in the instrument. This subsection has effect subject to section 277.

Note:          Section 277 requires that:

(a)    an adopted plan have the content required for a recovery plan by section 270; and

(b)    there has been adequate consultation in making the plan adopted; and

(c)    the Minister consult the Scientific Committee about the content of the plan.

Effect of adopting a plan

             (8)  A plan adopted under subsection (7) has effect as if it had been made under subsection (2) (whether it was adopted with modifications or not).

270  Content of recovery plans

             (1)  A recovery plan must provide for the research and management actions necessary to stop the decline of, and support the recovery of, the listed threatened species or listed threatened ecological community concerned so that its chances of long‑term survival in nature are maximised.

             (2)  In particular, a recovery plan must (subject to subsection (2A)):

                     (a)  state the objectives to be achieved (for example, removing a species or community from a list, or indefinite protection of existing populations of a species or community); and

                     (b)  state criteria against which achievement of the objectives is to be measured (for example, a specified number and distribution of viable populations of a species or community, or the abatement of threats to a species or community); and

                     (c)  specify the actions needed to achieve the objectives; and

                    (ca)  identify threats to the species or community; and

                     (d)  identify the habitats that are critical to the survival of the species or community concerned and the actions needed to protect those habitats; and

                     (e)  identify any populations of the species or community concerned that are under particular pressure of survival and the actions needed to protect those populations; and

                      (f)  state the estimated duration and cost of the recovery process; and

                     (g)  identify:

                              (i)  interests that will be affected by the plan’s implementation; and

                             (ii)  organisations or persons who will be involved in evaluating the performance of the recovery plan; and

                     (h)  specify any major benefits to native species or ecological communities (other than those to which the plan relates) that will be affected by the plan’s implementation; and

                      (j)  meet prescribed criteria (if any) and contain provisions of a prescribed kind (if any).

          (2A)  A recovery plan need only address the matters mentioned in paragraphs (2)(d), (e), (f), (g) and (h) to the extent to which it is practicable to do so.

             (3)  In making a recovery plan, regard must be had to:

                     (a)  the objects of this Act; and

                     (b)  the most efficient and effective use of the resources that are allocated for the conservation of species and ecological communities; and

                     (c)  minimising any significant adverse social and economic impacts, consistently with the principles of ecologically sustainable development; and

                     (d)  meeting Australia’s obligations under international agreements between Australia and one or more countries relevant to the species or ecological community to which the plan relates; and

                     (e)  the role and interests of indigenous people in the conservation of Australia’s biodiversity.

270A  Decision whether to have a threat abatement plan

Decision

             (1)  The Minister may at any time decide whether to have a threat abatement plan for a threatening process in the list of key threatening processes established under section 183. The Minister must do so:

                     (a)  within 90 days of the threatening process being included in the list; and

                     (b)  within 5 years of the last decision whether to have a threat abatement plan for the process, if that decision was not to have a threat abatement plan for the process.

Basis for decision

             (2)  The Minister must decide to have a threat abatement plan for the process if he or she believes that having and implementing a threat abatement plan is a feasible, effective and efficient way to abate the process. The Minister must decide not to have a threat abatement plan if he or she does not believe that.

Consultation before making a decision

             (3)  Before making a decision under this section, the Minister must:

                     (a)  request the Scientific Committee to give advice within a specified period; and

                     (b)  take reasonable steps to request any Commonwealth agency, any State, any self‑governing Territory, and any agency of a State or self‑governing Territory, that would be affected by or interested in abatement of the process to give advice within a specified period;

on the feasibility, effectiveness or efficiency of having and implementing a threat abatement plan to abate the process.

Consulting others

             (4)  Subsection (3) does not prevent the Minister from requesting any other person or body to give advice within a specified period on the feasibility, effectiveness or efficiency of having and implementing a threat abatement plan to abate the process.

Request may be made before listing

             (5)  A request for advice on the feasibility, effectiveness or efficiency of having and implementing a threat abatement plan to abate the process may be made before or after the process is included in the list of key threatening processes established under section 183.

Time for giving advice

             (6)  The Minister must not make a decision whether to have a threat abatement plan for the process before the end of the period within which he or she has requested a person or body to give advice on the feasibility, effectiveness or efficiency of having and implementing a threat abatement plan to abate the process.

Considering views expressed in consultation

             (7)  When the Minister is making a decision under this section, he or she must consider the advice that a person or body gave on request within the period specified in the request.

Publishing decision and reasons

             (8)  The Minister must publish in accordance with the regulations (if any):

                     (a)  a decision whether or not to have a threat abatement plan for a key threatening process; and

                     (b)  the Minister’s reasons for the decision.

Special rules for processes included in original list

             (9)  Subsections (3), (4), (5), (6) and (7) do not apply in relation to a decision about a process included in the list under section 183 as first established.

270B  Making or adopting a threat abatement plan

Application

             (1)  This section applies only if the Minister’s most recent decision under section 270A in relation to a key threatening process is to have a threat abatement plan for the process.

Note:          Section 273 sets a deadline of 3 years from the decision for ensuring that a threat abatement plan is in force for the process.

Making a plan

             (2)  The Minister may make a written threat abatement plan for the purposes of reducing the effect of the process.

Making a plan jointly with a State or Territory

             (3)  The Minister may make a written threat abatement plan for the purposes of reducing the effect of the process, jointly with the States and self‑governing Territories in which the process occurs or with agencies of those States and Territories.

Content of a plan

             (4)  The Minister must not make a threat abatement plan under subsection (2) or (3) unless the plan meets the requirements of section 271.

Prerequisites to making a plan

             (5)  Before making a threat abatement plan for the process under subsection (2) or (3), the Minister must:

                     (a)  consult the appropriate Minister of each State and self‑governing Territory in which the process occurs, with a view to:

                              (i)  taking the views of each of those States and Territories into account in making the plan under subsection (2); or

                             (ii)  making the plan jointly under subsection (3);

                            unless the process occurs only in a Commonwealth area; and

                     (b)  consider the advice of the Scientific Committee given under section 274; and

                     (c)  consult about the plan and consider comments in accordance with sections 275 and 276.

Limits on making a plan

             (6)  The Minister must not make a threat abatement plan under subsection (2) for a process that occurs wholly or partly outside a Commonwealth area unless the Minister is satisfied that it is not reasonably practicable to make the plan:

                     (a)  jointly with each of the States and self‑governing Territories in which the process occurs; and

                     (b)  within 3 years of the decision to have the plan.

Adopting a State or Territory plan

             (7)  The Minister may, by instrument in writing, adopt as a threat abatement plan for the process a plan made by a State, a self‑governing Territory or an agency of a State or self‑governing Territory (whether or not the plan is in force in the State or Territory). The Minister may adopt the plan with such modifications as are specified in the instrument. This subsection has effect subject to section 277.

Note:          Section 277 requires that:

(a)    an adopted plan have the content required for a threat abatement plan by section 271; and

(b)    there has been adequate consultation in making the plan adopted; and

(c)    the Minister consult the Scientific Committee about the content of the plan.

Effect of adopting a plan

             (8)  A plan adopted under subsection (7) has effect as if it had been made under subsection (2), whether it was adopted with modifications or not.

271  Content of threat abatement plans

             (1)  A threat abatement plan must provide for the research, management and other actions necessary to reduce the key threatening process concerned to an acceptable level in order to maximise the chances of the long‑term survival in nature of native species and ecological communities affected by the process.

             (2)  In particular, a threat abatement plan must:

                     (a)  state the objectives to be achieved; and

                     (b)  state criteria against which achievement of the objectives is to be measured; and

                     (c)  specify the actions needed to achieve the objectives; and

                     (g)  meet prescribed criteria (if any) and contain provisions of a prescribed kind (if any).

             (3)  In making a threat abatement plan, regard must be had to:

                     (a)  the objects of this Act; and

                     (b)  the most efficient and effective use of the resources that are allocated for the conservation of species and ecological communities; and

                     (c)  minimising any significant adverse social and economic impacts consistently with the principles of ecologically sustainable development; and

                     (d)  meeting Australia’s obligations under international agreements between Australia and one or more countries relevant to the species or ecological community threatened by the key threatening process that is the subject of the plan; and

                     (e)  the role and interests of indigenous people in the conservation of Australia’s biodiversity.

             (4)  A threat abatement plan may:

                     (a)  state the estimated duration and cost of the threat abatement process; and

                     (b)  identify organisations or persons who will be involved in evaluating the performance of the threat abatement plan; and

                     (c)  specify any major ecological matters (other than the species or communities threatened by the key threatening process that is the subject of the plan) that will be affected by the plan’s implementation.

             (5)  Subsection (4) does not limit the matters that a threat abatement plan may include.

272  Eradication of non‑native species

                   If:

                     (a)  the actions specified under paragraph 270(2)(c) in a recovery plan, or under paragraph 271(2)(c) in a threat abatement plan, include the eradication of a non‑native species; and

                     (b)  the species is threatened in a country in which its native habitat occurs;

the recovery plan, or threat abatement plan, must require the Commonwealth to offer to provide stock of the species to that country before the eradication proceeds.

273  Ensuring plans are in force

When a plan comes into force

          (1A)  A recovery plan or a threat abatement plan comes into force on the day on which it is made or adopted, or on a later day specified by the Minister in writing.

Deadline for recovery plan

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), a recovery plan for a listed threatened species or a listed threatened ecological community must be made and in force within 3 years of the decision under section 269AA to have the plan.

             (2)  The Minister may, in writing, extend the period within which a recovery plan must be made. Only one extension can be granted for the making of the plan, and the period of the extension must not be more than 3 years.

Ensuring recovery plan is in force

             (3)  Once the first recovery plan for a listed threatened species or a listed threatened ecological community is in force, the Minister must exercise his or her powers under this Subdivision to ensure that a recovery plan is in force for the species or community until the Minister decides under section 269AA not to have a recovery plan for the species or community.

Note:          The Minister may revoke a recovery plan for a listed threatened species or a listed threatened ecological community if the Minister decides under section 269AA not to have a recovery plan for the species or community. See section 283A.

Deadline for threat abatement plan

             (4)  A threat abatement plan for a key threatening process must be made and in force within 3 years of the decision under section 270A to have the plan.

Ensuring threat abatement plan is in force

             (5)  Once the first threat abatement plan for a key threatening process is in force, the Minister must exercise his or her powers under this Subdivision to ensure that a threat abatement plan is in force for the process until the Minister decides under section 270A not to have a threat abatement plan for the process.

Note:          The Minister may revoke a threat abatement plan for a key threatening process if the Minister decides under section 270A not to have a threat abatement plan for the process. See section 283A.

274  Scientific Committee to advise on plans

             (1)  The Minister must obtain and consider the advice of the Scientific Committee on:

                     (a)  the content of recovery and threat abatement plans; and

                     (b)  the times within which, and the order in which, such plans should be made.

             (2)  In giving advice about a recovery plan, the Scientific Committee must take into account the following matters:

                     (a)  the degree of threat to the survival in nature of the species or ecological community in question;

                     (b)  the potential for the species or community to recover;

                     (c)  the genetic distinctiveness of the species or community;

                     (d)  the importance of the species or community to the ecosystem;

                     (e)  the value to humanity of the species or community;

                      (f)  the efficient and effective use of the resources allocated to the conservation of species and ecological communities.

             (3)  In giving advice about a threat abatement plan, the Scientific Committee must take into account the following matters:

                     (a)  the degree of threat that the key threatening process in question poses to the survival in nature of species and ecological communities;

                     (b)  the potential of species and ecological communities so threatened to recover;

                     (c)  the efficient and effective use of the resources allocated to the conservation of species and ecological communities.

275  Consultation on plans

             (1)  Before making a recovery plan or threat abatement plan under this Subdivision, the Minister must:

                     (a)  take reasonable steps to ensure that copies of the proposed plan are available for purchase, for a reasonable price, at prescribed places in each State and self‑governing territory; and

                     (b)  give a copy of it, together with a notice of a kind referred to in subsection (2), to the Scientific Committee; and

                     (c)  cause the notice to be published:

                              (i)  in the Gazette; and

                             (ii)  in a daily newspaper that circulates generally in each State, and self‑governing Territory, in which the relevant listed threatened native species, listed threatened ecological community or key threatening process occurs; and

                            (iii)  in any other way required by the regulations (if any).

             (2)  The notice must:

                     (a)  specify the places where copies of the proposed plan may be purchased; and

                     (b)  invite persons to make written comments about the proposed plan; and

                     (c)  specify:

                              (i)  an address for lodgment of comments; and

                             (ii)  a day by which comments must be made.

             (3)  The day specified must not be a day occurring within 3 months after the notice is published in the Gazette.

276  Consideration of comments

                   The Minister:

                     (a)  must, in accordance with the regulations (if any), consider all comments on a proposed recovery plan or threat abatement plan made in response to an invitation under section 275; and

                     (b)  may revise the plan to take account of those comments.

277  Adoption of State plans

             (1)  The Minister must not adopt a plan as a recovery plan or a threat abatement plan under this Subdivision unless:

                     (a)  the Minister is satisfied that an appropriate level of consultation has been undertaken in making the plan; and

                     (b)  the plan meets the requirements of section 270 or 271, as the case requires.

             (2)  Before adopting a plan, the Minister must obtain and consider advice from the Scientific Committee on the content of the plan.

278  Publication of plans

             (1)  As soon as practicable after the Minister makes or adopts a recovery plan or a threat abatement plan under this Subdivision, the Minister must:

                     (a)  make copies of the plan available for purchase, for a reasonable price, at a prescribed place in each State and self‑governing Territory; and

                     (b)  give notice of the making or adopting of each such plan; and

                     (c)  publish the notice:

                              (i)  in the Gazette; and

                             (ii)  in a daily newspaper that circulates generally in each State, and self‑governing Territory; and

                            (iii)  in any other way required by the regulations (if any).

             (2)  The notice must:

                     (a)  state that the Minister has made or adopted the plan; and

                     (b)  specify the day on which the plan comes into force; and

                     (c)  specify the places where copies of the plan may be purchased.

279  Variation of plans by the Minister

             (1)  The Minister may, at any time, review a recovery plan or threat abatement plan that has been made or adopted under this Subdivision and consider whether a variation of it is necessary.

             (2)  Each plan must be reviewed by the Minister at intervals of not longer than 5 years.

             (3)  If the Minister considers that a variation of a plan is necessary, the Minister may, subject to subsections (4), (5), (6) and (7), vary the plan.

             (4)  The Minister must not vary a plan, unless the plan, as so varied, continues to meet the requirements of section 270 or 271, as the case requires.

             (5)  Before varying a plan, the Minister must obtain and consider advice from the Scientific Committee on the content of the variation.

             (6)  If the Minister has made a plan jointly with, or adopted a plan that has been made by, a State or self‑governing Territory, or an agency of a State or self‑governing Territory, the Minister must seek the co‑operation of that State or Territory, or that agency, with a view to varying the plan.

             (7)  Sections 275, 276 and 278 apply to the variation of a plan in the same way that those sections apply to the making of a recovery plan or threat abatement plan.

280  Variation by a State or Territory of joint plans and plans adopted by the Minister

             (1)  If a State or self‑governing Territory varies a plan that:

                     (a)  the Minister has made jointly with the State or self‑governing Territory, or an agency of the State or Territory; or

                     (b)  has been adopted by the Minister as a recovery plan or a threat abatement plan;

the variation is of no effect for the purposes of this Act unless it is approved by the Minister.

             (2)  Before approving a variation, the Minister must obtain and consider advice from the Scientific Committee on the content of the variation.

             (3)  The Minister must not approve a variation unless satisfied that:

                     (a)  an appropriate level of consultation was undertaken in varying the plan; and

                     (b)  the plan, as so varied, continues to meet the requirements of section 270 or 271, as the case requires.

             (4)  If the Minister approves a variation of a plan, the plan has effect as so varied on and after the date of the approval, or such later date as the Minister determines in writing.

             (5)  Section 278 applies to the variation of a plan in the same way that it applies to the making of a recovery plan or threat abatement plan.

281  Commonwealth assistance

             (1)  The Commonwealth may give to a State or self‑governing Territory, or to an agency of a State or a self‑governing Territory, financial assistance, and any other assistance, to make or implement a recovery plan or a threat abatement plan.

             (2)  The Commonwealth may give to a person (other than a State or a self‑governing Territory, or an agency of a State or Territory) financial assistance, and any other assistance, to implement a recovery plan or a threat abatement plan.

             (3)  The giving of assistance may be made subject to such conditions as the Minister thinks fit. The Minister is to have regard to the advice of the Scientific Committee under section 282 before determining those conditions.

282  Scientific Committee to advise on assistance

             (1)  The Scientific Committee is to advise the Minister on the conditions (if any) to which the giving of assistance under section 281 should be subject.

             (2)  In giving advice about assistance for making or implementing a recovery plan, the Scientific Committee must take into account the following matters:

                     (a)  the degree of threat to the survival in nature of the species or ecological community in question;

                     (b)  the potential for the species or community to recover;

                     (c)  the genetic distinctiveness of the species or community;

                     (d)  the importance of the species or community to the ecosystem;

                     (e)  the value to humanity of the species or community;

                      (f)  the efficient and effective use of the resources allocated to the conservation of species and ecological communities.

             (3)  In giving advice about assistance for making or implementing a threat abatement plan, the Scientific Committee must take into account the following matters:

                     (a)  the degree of threat that the key threatening process in question poses to the survival in nature of species and ecological communities;

                     (b)  the potential of species and ecological communities so threatened to recover;

                     (c)  the efficient and effective use of the resources allocated to the conservation of species and ecological communities.

283  Plans may cover more than one species etc.

             (1)  A recovery plan made or adopted under this Subdivision may deal with one or more listed threatened species and/or one or more listed ecological communities.

             (2)  A threat abatement plan made or adopted under this Subdivision may deal with one or more key threatening processes.

283A  Revoking a plan

             (1)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument:

                     (a)  revoke a recovery plan for a listed threatened species or a listed threatened ecological community if the Minister decides under section 269AA not to have a recovery plan for the species or community; or

                     (b)  revoke a threat abatement plan for a key threatening process if the Minister decides under section 270A not to have a threat abatement plan for the process.

             (2)  The Minister must publish in accordance with the regulations (if any):

                     (a)  the instrument revoking the plan; and

                     (b)  the Minister’s reasons for revoking the plan.

284  Reports on preparation and implementation of plans

                   The Secretary must include in each annual report a report on the making and adoption under this Subdivision of each recovery plan and threat abatement plan during the year to which the report relates.

Subdivision BWildlife conservation plans

285  Wildlife conservation plans

             (1)  Subject to this section, the Minister may make, by instrument in writing, and implement a wildlife conservation plan for the purposes of the protection, conservation and management of the following:

                     (a)  a listed migratory species that occurs in Australia or an external Territory;

                     (b)  a listed marine species that occurs in Australia or an external Territory;

                     (c)  a species of cetacean that occurs in the Australian Whale Sanctuary;

                     (d)  a conservation dependent species.

             (2)  The Minister must not make a wildlife conservation plan for a species that is a listed threatened species (except a conservation dependent species).

             (3)  Subject to section 292, the Minister may, by instrument in writing, adopt a plan that has been made by a State or a self‑governing Territory, or by an agency of a State or self‑governing Territory, as a wildlife conservation plan. The Minister may adopt a plan with such modifications as are specified in the instrument.

             (4)  A plan, as modified and adopted under subsection (2), has effect as if the plan had been made by the Minister under subsection (1).

             (5)  The Minister must seek the co‑operation of the States and self‑governing Territories in which:

                     (a)  a listed migratory species occurs; or

                     (b)  a listed marine species occurs; or

                     (c)  a species of cetacean occurs; or

                     (d)  a conservation dependent species occurs;

with a view to making and implementing jointly with those States and Territories, or agencies of those States or Territories, a joint wildlife conservation plan unless the species occurs only in a Commonwealth area.

             (6)  Before making a wildlife conservation plan under subsection (1) or (5), the Minister must:

                     (a)  consider the advice of the Scientific Committee given under section 289; and

                     (b)  consult about the plan in accordance with sections 290 and 291.

             (7)  A wildlife conservation plan comes into force on the day on which it is made or adopted, or on such later day as the Minister specifies in writing.

286  Acting in accordance with wildlife conservation plans

                   A Commonwealth agency must take all reasonable steps to act in accordance with a wildlife conservation plan.

287  Content of wildlife conservation plans

             (1)  A wildlife conservation plan must provide for the research and management actions necessary to support survival of the migratory species, marine species, species of cetacean or conservation dependent species concerned.

             (2)  In particular, a wildlife conservation plan must:

                     (a)  state the objectives to be achieved; and

                     (b)  state criteria against which achievement of the objectives is to be measured; and

                     (c)  specify the actions needed to achieve the objectives; and

                     (d)  identify the habitats of the species concerned and the actions needed to protect those habitats; and

                     (e)  identify:

                              (i)  interests that will be affected by the plan’s implementation; and

                             (ii)  organisations or persons who will be involved in evaluating the performance of the plan; and

                      (f)  specify any major benefits to migratory species, marine species, species of cetacean or conservation dependent species (other than those to which the plan relates) that will be affected by the plan’s implementation; and

                     (g)  meet prescribed criteria (if any) and contain provisions of a prescribed kind (if any).

             (3)  In making a wildlife conservation plan, regard must be had to:

                     (a)  the objects of this Act; and

                     (b)  the most efficient and effective use of the resources that are allocated for the conservation of migratory species, marine species, species of cetacean and conservation dependent species; and

                     (c)  minimising any significant adverse social and economic impacts, consistently with the principles of ecologically sustainable development; and

                     (d)  meeting Australia’s obligations under international agreements between Australia and one or more countries relevant to the migratory species, marine species, species of cetacean or conservation dependent species to which the plan relates; and

                     (e)  the role and interests of indigenous people in the conservation of Australia’s biodiversity.

288  Eradication of non‑native species

                   If:

                     (a)  the actions specified under section 287 in a wildlife conservation plan include the eradication of a non‑native species; and

                     (b)  the species is threatened in a country in which its native habitat occurs;

the wildlife conservation plan must require the Commonwealth to offer to provide stock of the species to that country before the eradication proceeds.

289  Scientific Committee to advise on scheduling of plans

             (1)  The Minister may seek advice from the Scientific Committee on the need for wildlife conservation plans and the order in which they should be made.

          (1A)  The Scientific Committee may advise the Minister on its own initiative to make a wildlife conservation plan for a specified species described in subsection 285(1).

             (2)  In giving advice under subsection (1) or (1A), the Scientific Committee must take into account the resources available for making plans.

             (3)  Before making a plan, the Minister must obtain and consider advice from the Scientific Committee on the content of the plan.

290  Consultation on plans

             (1)  Before making a wildlife conservation plan under subsection 285(1) or (5), the Minister must:

                     (a)  take reasonable steps to ensure that copies of the proposed plan are available for purchase, for a reasonable price, at prescribed places in each State and self‑governing Territory; and

                     (b)  give a copy of it, together with a notice of a kind referred to in subsection (2), to the Scientific Committee; and

                     (c)  cause the notice to be published:

                              (i)  in the Gazette; and

                             (ii)  in a daily newspaper that circulates generally in each State, and self‑governing Territory; and

                            (iii)  in any other way required by the regulations (if any).

             (2)  The notice must:

                     (a)  specify the places where copies of the proposed plan may be purchased; and

                     (b)  invite persons to make written comments about the proposed plan; and

                     (c)  specify:

                              (i)  an address for lodgment of comments; and

                             (ii)  a day by which comments must be made.

             (3)  The day specified must not be a day occurring within 3 months after the notice is published in the Gazette.

291  Consideration of comments

                   The Minister:

                     (a)  must, in accordance with the regulations (if any), consider all comments on a proposed wildlife conservation plan made in response to an invitation under section 290; and

                     (b)  may revise the plan to take account of those comments.

292  Adoption of State plans

             (1)  The Minister must not adopt a plan as a wildlife conservation plan under subsection 285(3) unless:

                     (a)  the Minister is satisfied that an appropriate level of consultation has been undertaken in making the plan; and

                     (b)  the plan meets the requirements of section 287.

             (2)  Before adopting a plan, the Minister must obtain and consider advice from the Scientific Committee on the content of the plan.

293  Publication, review and variation of plans

             (1)  As soon as practicable after the Minister makes or adopts a wildlife conservation plan under section 285, the Minister must:

                     (a)  make copies of the plan available for purchase, for a reasonable price, at a prescribed place in each State and self‑governing Territory; and

                     (b)  give notice of the making or adoption of each such plan; and

                     (c)  publish the notice:

                              (i)  in the Gazette; and

                             (ii)  in a daily newspaper that circulates generally in each State, and self‑governing Territory; and

                            (iii)  in any other way required by the regulations (if any).

             (2)  The notice must:

                     (a)  state that the Minister has made or adopted the plan; and

                     (b)  specify the day on which the plan comes into force; and

                     (c)  specify the places where copies of the plan may be purchased.

294  Variation of plans by the Minister

             (1)  The Minister may, at any time, review a wildlife conservation plan that has been made or adopted under section 285 and consider whether a variation of it is necessary.

             (2)  Each plan must be reviewed by the Minister at intervals of not longer than 5 years.

             (3)  If the Minister considers that a variation of a plan is necessary, the Minister may, subject to subsections (4), (5), (6) and (7) vary the plan.

             (4)  The Minister must not vary a plan, unless the plan, as so varied, continues to meet the requirements of section 287.

             (5)  Before varying a plan, the Minister must obtain and consider advice from the Scientific Committee on the content of the variation.

             (6)  If the Minister has made a plan jointly with, or adopted a plan that has been made by, a State or self‑governing Territory, or an agency of a State or self‑governing Territory, the Minister must seek the co‑operation of that State or Territory, or that agency, with a view to varying the plan.

             (7)  Sections 290, 291 and 293 apply to the variation of a plan in the same way that those sections apply to the making of a wildlife conservation plan.

295  Variation by a State or Territory of joint plans and plans adopted by the Minister

             (1)  If a State or self‑governing Territory varies a plan that:

                     (a)  the Minister has made jointly with the State or self‑governing Territory, or an agency of the State or Territory; or

                     (b)  has been adopted by the Minister as a wildlife conservation plan;

the variation is of no effect for the purposes of this Act unless it is approved by the Minister.

             (2)  Before approving a variation, the Minister must obtain and consider advice from the Scientific Committee on the content of the variation.

             (3)  The Minister must not approve a variation under subsection (1) unless satisfied:

                     (a)  an appropriate level of consultation was undertaken in varying the plan; and

                     (b)  the plan, as so varied, continues to meet the requirements of section 287.

             (4)  If the Minister approves a variation of a plan, the plan has effect as so varied on and after the date of the approval, or such later date as the Minister determines in writing.

             (5)  Section 293 applies to the variation of a plan in the same way that it applies to the making of a wildlife conservation plan.

296  Commonwealth assistance

             (1)  The Commonwealth may give to a State or self‑governing Territory, or to an agency of a State or a self‑governing Territory, financial assistance, and any other assistance, to make a wildlife conservation plan.

             (2)  The Commonwealth may give to a person (other than a State or a self‑governing Territory, or an agency of a State or Territory) financial assistance, and any other assistance, to implement a wildlife conservation plan.

             (3)  The giving of assistance may be made subject to such conditions as the Minister thinks fit.

297  Plans may cover more than one species etc.

                   A wildlife conservation plan made or adopted under this Subdivision may deal with all or any of the following:

                     (a)  one or more listed migratory species;

                     (b)  one or more listed marine species;

                     (c)  one or more species of cetacean;

                     (d)  one or more conservation dependent species.

298  Reports on preparation and implementation of plans

                   The Secretary must include in each annual report a report on the making and adoption under section 285 of each wildlife conservation plan during the year to which the report relates.

Subdivision CMiscellaneous

299  Wildlife conservation plans cease to have effect

                   If:

                     (a)  a wildlife conservation plan is in force for all or any of the following:

                              (i)  a listed migratory species;

                             (ii)  a listed marine species;

                            (iii)  a species of cetacean; and

                     (b)  the species becomes a listed threatened species (except a conservation dependent species);

the wildlife conservation plan ceases to have effect in relation to the species on and from the day on which the species becomes a listed threatened species as mentioned in paragraph (b).

300  Document may contain more than one plan

             (1)  All or any of the plans made under this Division may be included in the same document.

             (2)  All or any of the plans adopted under this Division may be included in the same instrument of adoption.

300A  State and Territory laws not affected

                   Sections 269A, 270A, 270B, 273 and 285 do not exclude or limit the concurrent operation of a law of a State or self‑governing Territory.

300B  Assistance from the Scientific Committee

             (1)  The Minister may, at any time, ask the Scientific Committee to provide the Minister with a statement, information or advice for the purpose of assisting the Minister in the performance or exercise of the Minister’s functions or powers under section 266B, 269AA or 270A.

             (2)  The Scientific Committee may, at any time, provide the Minister with a statement, information or advice for the purpose of assisting the Minister in the performance or exercise of the Minister’s functions or powers under section 266B, 269AA or 270A (whether or not the Committee is acting in response to a request under subsection (1) of this section).

Division 6Access to biological resources

301  Control of access to biological resources

             (1)  The regulations may provide for the control of access to biological resources in Commonwealth areas.

             (2)  Without limiting subsection (1), the regulations may contain provisions about all or any of the following:

                     (a)  the equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the use of biological resources in Commonwealth areas;

                     (b)  the facilitation of access to such resources;

                     (c)  the right to deny access to such resources;

                     (d)  the granting of access to such resources and the terms and conditions of such access.

Division 6AControl of non‑native species

301A  Regulations for control of non‑native species

                   The regulations may:

                     (a)  provide for the establishment and maintenance of a list of species, other than native species, whose members:

                              (i)  do or may threaten biodiversity in the Australian jurisdiction; or

                             (ii)  would be likely to threaten biodiversity in the Australian jurisdiction if they were brought into the Australian jurisdiction; and

                     (b)  regulate or prohibit the bringing into the Australian jurisdiction of members of a species included in the list mentioned in paragraph (a); and

                     (c)  regulate or prohibit trade in members of a species included in the list mentioned in paragraph (a):

                              (i)  between Australia and another country; or

                             (ii)  between 2 States; or

                            (iii)  between 2 Territories; or

                            (iv)  between a State and a Territory; or

                             (v)  by a constitutional corporation; and

                     (d)  regulate and prohibit actions:

                              (i)  involving or affecting members of a species included in the list mentioned in paragraph (a); and

                             (ii)  whose regulation or prohibition is appropriate and adapted to give effect to Australia’s obligations under an agreement with one or more other countries; and

                     (e)  provide for the making and implementation of plans to reduce, eliminate or prevent the impacts of members of species included in the list mentioned in paragraph (a) on biodiversity in the Australian jurisdiction.

Division 7Aid for conservation of species in foreign countries

302  Aid for conservation of species in foreign countries

                   On behalf of the Commonwealth, the Minister may give financial assistance to the governments of foreign countries and organisations in foreign countries to help the recovery and conservation, in those countries, of species covered by international agreements to which Australia is a party.

Division 8Miscellaneous

  

303  Regulations

             (1)  The regulations may make provision for the conservation of biodiversity in Commonwealth areas.

             (2)  In particular, the regulations may prohibit or regulate actions affecting a member of a native species in a Commonwealth area. This does not limit subsection (1).

303A  Exemptions from this Part

             (1)  A person proposing to take an action that would contravene a provision of this Part apart from this section may apply in writing to the Minister for an exemption from the provision.

             (2)  The Minister must decide within 20 business days of receiving the application whether or not to grant the exemption.

             (3)  The Minister may, by written notice, exempt a specified person from the application of a specified provision of this Part in relation to a specified action.

             (4)  The Minister may do so only if he or she is satisfied that it is in the national interest that the provision not apply in relation to the person or the action.

             (5)  In determining the national interest, the Minister may consider Australia’s defence or security or a national emergency. This does not limit the matters the Minister may consider.

             (6)  A provision specified in the notice does not apply in relation to the specified person or action on or after the day specified in the notice. The Minister must not specify a day earlier than the day the notice is made.

             (7)  Within 10 business days after making the notice, the Minister must:

                     (a)  publish a copy of the notice and his or her reasons for granting the exemption in accordance with the regulations; and

                     (b)  give a copy of the notice to the person specified in the notice.

303AA  Conditions relating to accreditation of plans, regimes and policies

             (1)  This section applies to an accreditation of a plan, regime or policy under section 208A, 222A, 245 or 265.

             (2)  The Minister may accredit a plan, regime or policy under that section even though he or she considers that the plan, regime or policy should be accredited only:

                     (a)  during a particular period; or

                     (b)  while certain circumstances exist; or

                     (c)  while a certain condition is complied with.

In such a case, the instrument of accreditation is to specify the period, circumstances or condition.

             (3)  If an accreditation specifies a particular period as mentioned in subsection (2), the accreditation ceases to be in force at the end of that period.

             (4)  If an accreditation specifies circumstances as mentioned in subsection (2), the Minister must, in writing, revoke the accreditation if he or she is satisfied that those circumstances have ceased to exist.

             (5)  The Minister may, in writing, vary an accreditation by:

                     (a)  specifying one or more conditions (or further conditions) to which the accreditation is subject; or

                     (b)  revoking or varying a condition:

                              (i)  specified in the instrument of accreditation; or

                             (ii)  specified under paragraph (a).

             (6)  A condition may relate to reporting or monitoring.

             (7)  The Minister must, in writing, revoke an accreditation if he or she is satisfied that a condition of the accreditation has been contravened.

303AB  Amended policies, regimes or plans taken to be accredited

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a plan, regime or policy is accredited under section 208A, 222A, 245 or 265; and

                     (b)  the plan, regime or policy is amended, or is proposed to be amended; and

                     (c)  the Minister is satisfied that the amendments are, or will be, minor; and

                     (d)  the Minister is satisfied that the plan, regime or policy as amended meets, or will meet, the requirements of subsection 208A(1), 222A(1), 245(1) or 265(1) (as the case may be);

the Minister may, by instrument in writing, determine that this subsection applies to the amendments.

             (2)  If the Minister makes a determination under subsection (1), the plan, regime or policy as amended is, for the purposes of this Act, taken to be accredited under subsection 208A(1), 222A(2), 245(1) or 265(1) (as the case may be).

             (3)  A determination under subsection (1) of this section is not a legislative instrument.

Part 13AInternational movement of wildlife specimens

Division 1Introduction

303BA  Objects of Part

             (1)  The objects of this Part are as follows:

                     (a)  to ensure that Australia complies with its obligations under CITES and the Biodiversity Convention;

                     (b)  to protect wildlife that may be adversely affected by trade;

                     (c)  to promote the conservation of biodiversity in Australia and other countries;

                     (d)  to ensure that any commercial utilisation of Australian native wildlife for the purposes of export is managed in an ecologically sustainable way;

                     (e)  to promote the humane treatment of wildlife;

                      (f)  to ensure ethical conduct during any research associated with the utilisation of wildlife;

                     (h)  to ensure that the precautionary principle is taken into account in making decisions relating to the utilisation of wildlife.

Note:          CITES means the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species—see section 528.

             (2)  In order to achieve its objects, this Part includes special provisions to conserve the biodiversity of Australian native wildlife.

303BAA  Certain indigenous rights not affected

                   To avoid doubt, nothing in this Part prevents an indigenous person from continuing in accordance with law the traditional use of an area for:

                     (a)  hunting (except for the purposes of sale); or

                     (b)  food gathering (except for the purposes of sale); or

                     (c)  ceremonial or religious purposes.

303BB  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      This Part sets up a system for regulating the international movement of wildlife specimens.

•      A CITES specimen is a specimen of a species included in Appendix I, II or III to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).

•      It is an offence to export or import a CITES specimen unless:

               (a)     the exporter or importer holds a permit; or

              (b)     an exemption applies.

•      A regulated native specimen is a specimen of a native species subject to export control under this Part.

•      It is an offence to export a regulated native specimen unless:

               (a)     the exporter holds a permit; or

              (b)     an exemption applies.

•      A regulated live specimen is a live specimen of a species subject to import control under this Part.

•      It is an offence to import a regulated live specimen unless the importer holds a permit.

•      It is an offence to possess a specimen that was imported in contravention of this Part.

303BC  Definitions

                   In this Part, unless the contrary intention appears:

eligible listed threatened species means a listed threatened species other than a species in the conservation dependent category.

engage in conduct means:

                     (a)  do an act; or

                     (b)  omit to perform an act.

export means:

                     (a)  export from Australia or from an external Territory; or

                     (b)  export from the sea;

but does not include:

                     (c)  export from Australia to an external Territory; or

                     (d)  export from an external Territory to Australia; or

                     (e)  export from an external Territory to another external Territory.

export from the sea, in relation to a specimen, means take in a Commonwealth marine area and then take out of that area to another country without bringing into Australia or into an external Territory.

import means:

                     (a)  import into Australia or into an external Territory; or

                     (b)  import by way of introduction from the sea;

but does not include:

                     (c)  import into Australia from an external Territory; or

                     (d)  import into an external Territory from Australia; or

                     (e)  import into an external Territory from another external Territory.

import by way of introduction from the sea, in relation to a specimen, means take in the marine environment not under the jurisdiction of any country and then bring into Australia or into an external Territory without having been imported into any other country.

marine environment means the sea, and includes:

                     (a)  the air space above the sea; and

                     (b)  the seabed and subsoil beneath the sea.

recipient means:

                     (a)  in relation to a specimen that is exported—the person in the country to which the specimen is exported who is to have the care and custody of the specimen after the export; and

                     (b)  in relation to a specimen that is imported into Australia or into an external Territory—the person in Australia or that Territory, as the case may be, who is to have the care and custody of the specimen after the import.

relevant CITES authority, in relation to a country, means:

                     (a)  if the country is a party to CITES—a Management Authority of that country; or

                     (b)  if the country is not a party to CITES—a competent authority of that country within the meaning of Article X of CITES.

sender, in relation to a specimen that is imported into Australia or an external Territory, means the person in the country from which the specimen is imported who exports it from that country to Australia or to that Territory, as the case may be.

take includes:

                     (a)  in relation to an animal—harvest, catch, capture, trap and kill; and

                     (b)  in relation to a plant specimen—harvest, pick, gather and cut.

trade means trade within the ordinary meaning of that expression.

Note:          See also section 528.

Division 2CITES species

Subdivision ACITES species and CITES specimens

303CA  Listing of CITES species

             (1)  The Minister must, by instrument published in the Gazette, establish a list of CITES species for the purposes of this Act.

             (2)  The Minister must ensure that the list is established on the commencement of this section.

Note:          See section 4 of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (3)  The list must include all species from time to time included in any of Appendices I, II and III to CITES. The list must not include any other species.

             (4)  For each species included in the list, there is to be a notation:

                     (a)  describing the specimens belonging to that species that are included in a particular Appendix to CITES; and

                     (b)  identifying the Appendix in which the species is included; and

                     (c)  identifying the date on which the provisions of CITES first applied to the specimens.

             (5)  A description mentioned in paragraph (4)(a):

                     (a)  may cover all specimens that belong to the species; or

                     (b)  may cover specified kinds of specimens that belong to the species; or

                     (c)  may state that the inclusion of a specimen in a particular Appendix to CITES is subject to restrictions or conditions.

             (6)  A restriction or condition mentioned in paragraph (5)(c) may:

                     (a)  impose a quantitative limit in relation to the export or import of a specimen; or

                     (b)  relate to the imposition of a quota in relation to the export or import of specimens; or

                     (c)  relate to a particular population of a species; or

                     (d)  reflect any other restriction or condition set out in the relevant Appendix to CITES.

             (7)  Subsection&