Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

Primary content

Competition and Consumer Act 2010

Authoritative Version
  • - C2015C00019
  • In force - Superseded Version
  • View Series
Act No. 51 of 1974 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Omnibus Repeal Day (Autumn 2014) Act 2014
An Act relating to competition, fair trading and consumer protection, and for other purposes
Administered by: Attorney-General's; Treasury; Communications; Infrastructure and Regional Development; Industry and Science
Registered 15 Jan 2015
Start Date 01 Jan 2015
End Date 30 Jun 2015
Table of contents.

Competition and Consumer Act 2010

No. 51, 1974

Compilation No. 99

Compilation date:                              1 January 2015

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 109, 2014

Registered:                                         15 January 2015

This compilation is in 3 volumes

Volume 1:       sections 1–119

Volume 2:       sections 10.01–179

Volume 3:       Schedules

                        Endnotes

Each volume has its own contents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This compilation includes commenced amendments made by Act No. 107, 2014

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 1 January 2015 (the compilation date).

This compilation was prepared on 5 January 2015.

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on ComLaw (www.comlaw.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on ComLaw for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on ComLaw for the compiled law.

Self-repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Part X—International liner cargo shipping                                                           1

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                              1

10.01..................... Objects of Part.................................................................... 1

10.01A.................. Simplified outline................................................................ 2

10.02..................... Interpretation....................................................................... 3

10.02A.................. Inland terminals................................................................ 11

10.03..................... Designated shipper bodies................................................ 12

Division 2—Additional restrictive trade practice provisions applying to ocean carriers           15

10.04..................... Application of section 46 in relation to conference agreements                15

Division 3—Minimum standards for conference agreements               16

10.06..................... Application of Australian law to outwards conference agreements and withdrawal from agreements     16

10.07..................... Minimum levels of shipping services to be specified in conference agreements      16

10.08..................... Conference agreements may include only certain restrictive trade practice provisions             16

10.09..................... Where may consequences of conference agreements not complying with minimum standards be found?.......................................................................................... 18

Division 4—Registers and files and public inspection of them              19

10.10..................... Registers and conference agreement files open to public inspection         19

10.11..................... What registers are to be kept by the Registrar?................. 19

10.12..................... What conference agreement files are to be kept by the Registrar?            20

10.13..................... What register is to be kept by the Commission?............... 20

Division 5—Exemptions from certain restrictive trade practice prohibitions   22

Subdivision A—Exemptions relating to conference agreements                 22

10.14..................... Exemptions apply only to certain activities....................... 22

10.15..................... When do exemptions commence to apply in relation to registered conference agreements?     22

10.16..................... Exemptions do not apply to variations of conference agreement unless varying agreement registered     23

10.17..................... Exemptions from sections 44ZZRF, 44ZZRG, 44ZZRJ, 44ZZRK and 45              23

10.17A.................. Exemptions from sections 44ZZRF, 44ZZRG, 44ZZRJ, 44ZZRK and 45 for freight rate agreements    24

10.18..................... Exemption from section 47............................................... 25

10.18A.................. Exemptions from section 47 for freight rate agreements... 26

Subdivision B—Exemptions relating to loyalty agreements                        27

10.19..................... Exemptions from sections 44ZZRF, 44ZZRG, 44ZZRJ, 44ZZRK and 45              27

10.20..................... Exemption from section 47............................................... 27

10.21..................... Exemptions cease to apply in relation to a shipper at the shipper’s option               27

Subdivision D—Other exemptions                                                                       28

10.24..................... Exemptions from sections 44ZZRF, 44ZZRG, 44ZZRJ, 44ZZRK, 45 and 47 in relation to certain negotiations.......................................................................................... 28

10.24A.................. Exemptions from sections 44ZZRF, 44ZZRG, 44ZZRJ, 44ZZRK, 45 and 47 in relation to stevedoring contracts............................................................................ 28

Division 6—Registration of conference agreements                                  30

Subdivision A—Provisional registration                                                           30

10.25..................... Application for provisional registration of conference agreement            30

10.26..................... How application is to be made and verified...................... 30

10.27..................... Copy of agreement to be filed with application etc............ 30

10.27A.................. Copy of conference agreement to be given to designated peak shipper body           31

10.28..................... Decision on application for provisional registration.......... 32

10.29..................... Parties to conference agreement to negotiate minimum level of shipping services after provisional registration of agreement..................................................................... 34

Subdivision B—Final registration                                                                       36

10.30..................... Application for final registration of conference agreement 36

10.31..................... How application is to be made and verified...................... 36

10.32..................... Copy of agreement to be filed with application etc............ 36

10.33..................... Decision on application for final registration.................... 37

Subdivision C—Confidentiality requests                                                           39

10.34..................... Request for confidentiality................................................ 39

10.35..................... Abstract to accompany request for confidentiality............ 39

10.36..................... Examination of abstract..................................................... 40

10.37..................... Decision on request for confidentiality............................. 40

10.38..................... Application for registration to be returned where request for confidentiality refused etc.         41

Subdivision D—Miscellaneous                                                                              42

10.39..................... Application also to be made for registration of varying conference agreements       42

10.40..................... Notification of happening of affecting events prior to final registration etc.             42

Division 7—Obligations of ocean carriers in relation to registered conference agreements    44

10.41..................... Parties to registered conference agreement to negotiate with certain designated shipper bodies etc.         44

10.42..................... Application to be made for registration of varying conference agreements              46

10.43..................... Parties to registered conference agreement to notify happening of affecting events etc.           46

Division 8—Powers of Minister in relation to registered conference agreements           48

10.44..................... Powers exercisable by Minister in relation to registered conference agreements etc.               48

10.45..................... Circumstances in which Minister may exercise powers in relation to registered conference agreements 49

10.46..................... Action to be taken where powers exercised by Minister without first obtaining Commission report       53

10.47..................... Investigation and report by Commission on reference by Minister          54

10.48..................... Investigation and report by Commission on own initiative or on application by affected person             55

10.49..................... Undertakings by parties to registered conference agreement 56

10.49A.................. Enforcement of undertakings............................................ 57

Division 9—Obligations of non‑conference ocean carriers with substantial market power      58

10.50..................... Investigations by Commission into market power of ocean carriers        58

10.51..................... Determination by Minister of market power of ocean carriers 58

10.52..................... Non‑conference ocean carrier with substantial market power to negotiate with certain designated shipper bodies etc.......................................................................... 59

10.53..................... Non‑conference ocean carrier with substantial market power not to hinder Australian flag shipping operators etc..................................................................................... 61

Division 10—Powers of Minister in relation to non‑conference ocean carriers with substantial market power                                                                                                        62

10.54..................... Powers exercisable by Minister in relation to obligations of non‑conference ocean carriers with substantial market power.................................................................... 62

10.55..................... Circumstances in which Minister may exercise powers.... 62

10.56..................... Action to be taken where powers exercised by Minister without first obtaining Commission report       63

10.57..................... Investigation and report by Commission on reference by Minister          64

10.58..................... Investigation and report by Commission on application by affected person             64

10.59..................... Undertakings by ocean carrier.......................................... 65

10.60..................... Enforcement of orders and undertakings.......................... 66

Division 11—Unfair pricing practices                                                               67

10.61..................... Powers exercisable by Minister in relation to pricing practices etc.          67

10.62..................... Circumstances in which Minister may exercise powers.... 67

10.63..................... Investigation and report by Commission.......................... 68

10.64..................... Undertakings not to engage in pricing practices................ 68

10.65..................... Enforcement of orders and undertakings.......................... 69

10.66..................... Determination of normal freight rates for shipping services 69

10.67..................... Determination of whether practice contrary to national interest                70

Division 12—Registration of ocean carrier agents                                    72

10.68..................... Ocean carrier who provides international liner cargo shipping services to have registered agent             72

10.69..................... Representation of ocean carrier by registered agent.......... 72

10.70..................... Application by ocean carrier for registration of agent....... 73

10.71..................... Registration of agent......................................................... 73

10.72..................... Change of agent etc........................................................... 74

Division 12A—Exemption orders for inwards conference agreements etc.        75

10.72A.................. Exemption orders for inwards conference agreements etc. 75

10.72B................... Criteria for making exemption order................................. 76

10.72C................... Duration of exemption order may be limited..................... 76

10.72D.................. Conditions of exemption order......................................... 76

Division 13—General provisions relating to registers and conference agreement files               77

10.73..................... Form of registers and conference agreement files............. 77

10.74..................... Deletion of entries wrongly existing in certain registers... 77

10.75..................... Deletion of obsolete entries in certain registers................. 77

10.76..................... Correction of clerical errors and other mistakes in certain registers etc.   77

Division 14—Administration                                                                                  78

10.77..................... Registrar of Liner Shipping.............................................. 78

10.78..................... Appointment of Registrar etc............................................ 78

10.79..................... Acting Registrar................................................................ 78

10.80..................... Registrar and staff to be public servants........................... 78

10.81..................... Delegation by Minister..................................................... 78

10.82..................... Delegation by Registrar.................................................... 79

Division 14A—Review of decisions of Commission                                    80

10.82A.................. Review by Tribunal.......................................................... 80

10.82B................... Functions and powers of Tribunal.................................... 80

10.82C................... Provisions that do not apply in relation to a Tribunal review 81

Division 14B—Review of decisions of Minister                                            82

10.82D.................. Review by Tribunal.......................................................... 82

10.82E................... Functions and powers of Tribunal.................................... 83

10.82F................... Modifying register after Tribunal review.......................... 83

10.82G.................. Provisions that do not apply in relation to a Tribunal review 84

Division 15—Miscellaneous                                                                                     85

10.83..................... Act not to affect rights under Freedom of Information Act 85

10.84..................... Review of decisions of Registrar...................................... 85

10.85..................... Statement to accompany notices of Registrar.................... 85

10.86..................... Evidence........................................................................... 86

10.87..................... Notification by Commission of references etc.................. 86

10.88..................... Exclusion of documents etc. from register of Commission investigations               87

10.89..................... Disclosure of confidential information.............................. 88

10.90..................... Fees.................................................................................. 90

10.91..................... Application of Part XID and section 155 to investigations under Part     90

Part XI—Application of the Australian Consumer Law as a law of the Commonwealth            92

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                            92

130........................ Definitions........................................................................ 92

130A..................... Expressions defined in Schedule 2................................... 94

Division 2—Application of the Australian Consumer Law as a law of the Commonwealth      95

Subdivision A—Application of the Australian Consumer Law                    95

131........................ Application of the Australian Consumer Law in relation to corporations etc.          95

131A..................... Division does not apply to financial services.................... 96

131B...................... Division does not apply to interim bans imposed by State or Territory Ministers    97

131C...................... Saving of other laws and remedies................................... 97

Subdivision B—Effect of other Commonwealth laws on the Australian Consumer Law            98

131D..................... Effect of Part VIB on Chapter 5 of the Australian Consumer Law          98

131E...................... Application of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003........ 98

131F...................... Section 4AB of the Crimes Act does not apply................ 99

131G..................... Application of the Criminal Code..................................... 99

Division 3—Conferences for proposed bans and recall notices         100

Subdivision A—Conference requirements before a ban or compulsory recall              100

132........................ Commonwealth Minister must issue a proposed ban notice 100

132A..................... Commonwealth Minister must issue a proposed recall notice  101

132B...................... Commonwealth Minister to be notified if no person wishes a conference to be held               102

132C...................... Notification of conference............................................... 102

132D..................... Recommendation after conclusion of conference............ 102

Subdivision B—Conference requirements after an interim ban is imposed 104

132E...................... Opportunity for a conference after an interim ban has been imposed by the Commonwealth Minister    104

132F...................... Notification of conference............................................... 104

132G..................... Recommendation after conclusion of conference............ 105

Subdivision C—Conduct of conferences                                                          105

132H..................... Conduct of conferences.................................................. 105

Subdivision D—Miscellaneous                                                                            107

132J....................... Interim ban and recall notice without delay in case of danger to the public              107

132K...................... Copy of notices under this Division to be given to suppliers 107

Division 4—Enforcement                                                                                        109

Subdivision A—Inspectors                                                                                   109

133........................ Appointment of inspectors.............................................. 109

133A..................... Identity cards.................................................................. 109

Subdivision B—Premises to which the public is given access                     110

133B...................... Power to enter premises to which the public has access—consumer goods             110

133C...................... Power to enter premises to which the public has access—product related services  111

Subdivision C—Disclosure notices relating to the safety of goods or services               112

133D..................... Power to obtain information etc...................................... 112

133E...................... Self‑incrimination........................................................... 113

133F...................... Compliance with disclosure notices................................ 114

133G..................... False or misleading information etc................................ 114

Subdivision D—Court orders relating to the destruction etc. of goods    115

133H..................... Court orders relating to consumer goods that do not comply with a safety standard etc.         115

133J....................... Recovery of reasonable costs of seizing, and destroying or disposing of, consumer goods    116

Division 5—Infringement notices                                                                       117

134........................ Purpose and effect of this Division................................. 117

134A..................... Issuing an infringement notice........................................ 117

134B...................... Matters to be included in an infringement notice............. 118

134C...................... Amount of penalty.......................................................... 119

134D..................... Effect of compliance with an infringement notice........... 123

134E...................... Effect of failure to comply with an infringement notice.. 124

134F...................... Infringement notice compliance period for infringement notice                124

134G..................... Withdrawal of an infringement notice............................. 125

Division 6—Search, seizure and entry                                                            127

Subdivision A—Powers of inspectors                                                                127

135........................ Inspector may enter premises.......................................... 127

135A..................... Search‑related powers of inspectors............................... 128

135B...................... Inspector may ask questions and seek production of documents             130

135C...................... Failure to answer questions or produce documents........ 130

135D..................... Persons assisting inspectors........................................... 131

135E...................... Use of force in executing a search warrant..................... 132

135F...................... Announcement before entry under warrant..................... 132

135G..................... Inspector must be in possession of search warrant......... 133

Subdivision B—Obligations of inspectors                                                       133

135H..................... Consent........................................................................... 133

135J....................... Details of search warrant etc. must be given to the occupier of the premises           133

Subdivision C—Occupier’s etc. rights and responsibilities                         134

135K...................... Occupier etc. entitled to observe execution of search warrant  134

135L...................... Occupier etc. to provide inspector etc. with facilities and assistance        134

135M..................... Receipts for seized consumer goods and equipment....... 135

135N..................... Return of seized consumer goods and equipment........... 135

135P...................... Judge may permit consumer goods or equipment to be retained              136

Subdivision D—Provisions relating to seizure                                               137

135Q..................... Recovery of reasonable costs of seizing consumer goods or equipment  137

135R...................... Destruction or disposal of seized consumer goods or equipment             138

Subdivision E—Embargo notices                                                                      139

135S...................... Embargo notices............................................................. 139

135T...................... Embargo period for embargo notices.............................. 140

135U..................... Multiple embargo notices for the same consumer goods or product related services               141

135V..................... Power of inspectors to secure consumer goods.............. 141

135W..................... Power of inspectors to secure equipment used to supply product related services   142

135X..................... Consent to supply etc. embargoed consumer goods etc.. 142

135Y..................... Compliance with embargo notices.................................. 143

Subdivision F—Issue of search warrants                                                         144

135Z...................... Issue of search warrants................................................. 144

136........................ Search warrants by telephone, fax etc............................. 145

136A..................... Offence relating to warrants by telephone, fax etc.......... 147

Subdivision G—Miscellaneous                                                                           148

136B...................... Powers of judges............................................................ 148

Division 7—Remedies                                                                                               149

137........................ Limit on occupational liability......................................... 149

137A..................... Contributory acts or omissions to reduce compensation in defective goods actions 150

137B...................... Reduction of the amount of loss or damage if the claimant fails to take reasonable care          151

137C...................... Limits on recovery of amounts for death or personal injury 151

137D..................... Compensation orders etc. arising out of unfair contract terms  152

137E...................... Limits on compensation orders etc. for death or personal injury              153

137F...................... Court may make orders for the purpose of preserving money or other property held by a person           154

137G..................... Compliance with orders made under section 137F......... 157

137H..................... Finding in proceedings to be evidence............................ 157

Division 8—Jurisdictional matters                                                                    159

138........................ Conferring jurisdiction on the Federal Court.................. 159

138A..................... Conferring jurisdiction on the Federal Circuit Court....... 159

138B...................... Conferring jurisdiction on State and Territory Courts..... 160

138C...................... Transfer of matters by the Federal Court........................ 160

138D..................... Transfer of matters by a State or Territory court............. 161

138E...................... Transfer of proceedings to Family Court........................ 162

Division 9—Miscellaneous                                                                                     165

139........................ Intervention by the Commission..................................... 165

139A..................... Terms excluding consumer guarantees from supplies of recreational services         165

139B...................... Conduct of directors, employees or agents of bodies corporate               166

139C...................... Conduct of employees or agents of persons other than bodies corporate 167

139D..................... Enforcement and recovery of certain fines...................... 168

139DA.................. Application of section 229 of the Australian Consumer Law to a person other than a body corporate    169

139E...................... Cessation of enforcement orders etc............................... 170

139F...................... Compensation for acquisition of property....................... 171

139G..................... Regulations..................................................................... 171

Part XIAA—Application of the Australian Consumer Law as a law of a State or Territory    174

140........................ Definitions...................................................................... 174

140A..................... Object of this Part........................................................... 175

140B...................... The applied Australian Consumer Law........................... 176

140C...................... Federal Court may exercise jurisdiction under application laws of Territories         176

140D..................... Exercise of jurisdiction under cross‑vesting provisions.. 176

140E...................... Commonwealth consent to conferral of functions etc. on Commonwealth entities   176

140F...................... How duty is imposed...................................................... 177

140G..................... When an application law imposes a duty........................ 178

140H..................... Application laws may operate concurrently with this Act 178

140J....................... No doubling‑up of liabilities........................................... 178

140K...................... References in instruments to the Australian Consumer Law 179

Part XIA—The Competition Code                                                                         180

150A..................... Definitions...................................................................... 180

150B...................... Objects of this Part......................................................... 181

150C...................... The Competition Code.................................................... 181

150D..................... Federal Court may exercise jurisdiction under application laws of Territories         182

150E...................... Exercise of jurisdiction under cross‑vesting provisions.. 182

150F...................... Commonwealth consent to conferral of functions etc. on Commonwealth entities   182

150FA................... How duty is imposed...................................................... 183

150FB................... When an application law imposes a duty........................ 184

150G..................... Application laws may operate concurrently with this Act 184

150H..................... No doubling‑up of liabilities........................................... 185

150I....................... References in instruments to the Competition Code........ 185

150J....................... Authorisations etc. under this Act may relate also to Competition Code  185

150K...................... Gazettal of jurisdictions that excessively modify the Code 185

Part XIB—The Telecommunications Industry: Anti‑competitive conduct and record‑keeping rules  187

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        187

151AA.................. Simplified outline............................................................ 187

151AB................... Definitions...................................................................... 188

151AC................... Extension to external Territories..................................... 190

151AD.................. Continuity of partnerships.............................................. 190

151AE................... Additional operation of Part............................................ 191

151AF................... Telecommunications market............................................ 191

151AG.................. When a body corporate is related to a partnership........... 192

151AH.................. Degree of power in a telecommunications market........... 192

151AI.................... Interpretation of Part IV or VII not affected by this Part 194

Division 2—Anti‑competitive conduct                                                             195

151AJ.................... Anti‑competitive conduct................................................ 195

151AK................... The competition rule....................................................... 198

Division 3—Competition notices and exemption orders                        199

Subdivision A—Competition notices                                                                 199

151AKA................ Part A competition notices.............................................. 199

151AL................... Part B competition notices.............................................. 200

151AM.................. Competition notice to be given to carrier or carriage service provider      201

151AN.................. Evidentiary effect of competition notice.......................... 201

151AO.................. Duration of Part A competition notice............................ 202

151AOA............... Variation of competition notice....................................... 202

151AOB................ Revocation of competition notice.................................... 202

151AP................... Guidelines....................................................................... 203

151AQ.................. Commission to act expeditiously.................................... 203

151AQA............... Stay of proceedings relating to competition notices........ 203

151AQB................ Advisory notices............................................................. 204

151AR................... Register of competition notices....................................... 206

Subdivision B—Exemption orders                                                                    206

151AS................... Exemption orders............................................................ 206

151AT................... Form of application......................................................... 207

151AU.................. Further information......................................................... 207

151AV.................. Withdrawal of application............................................... 207

151AW.................. Commission must publicise receipt of applications......... 207

151AX.................. Commission may refuse to consider application if it relates to the same conduct as an authorisation application........................................................................................ 207

151AY.................. Commission may refuse to consider application if it relates to the same conduct as a Part VII notification........................................................................................ 208

151AZ................... Commission may convene conference to discuss application.. 209

151BA................... Commission must grant or reject application.................. 209

151BB................... Commission to give opportunity for submissions.......... 209

151BC................... Criteria for making exemption order............................... 210

151BD................... Notification of decision................................................... 211

151BE................... Duration of exemption order may be limited................... 212

151BF................... Conditions of exemption order....................................... 212

151BG................... Revocation of exemption order....................................... 212

151BH................... Register of exemption orders.......................................... 213

Subdivision C—Miscellaneous                                                                            214

151BJ.................... Conduct includes proposed conduct............................... 214

Division 4—Tariff filing                                                                                          215

151BK................... Tariff filing directions..................................................... 215

151BL................... Specification of goods and services................................ 217

151BM.................. Notification of reasons.................................................... 217

151BN................... Duration of direction may be limited............................... 218

151BO................... Revocation of direction................................................... 218

151BP................... Variation of direction...................................................... 218

151BQ................... Public access to tariff information................................... 219

151BR................... Register of tariff filing directions.................................... 219

151BT................... Meaning of terms and conditions................................... 220

Division 5—Tariff filing by Telstra                                                                   222

151BTA................ Tariff filing by Telstra..................................................... 222

Division 6—Record‑keeping rules and disclosure directions              224

151BU................... Commission may make record‑keeping rules................. 224

151BUAA............. Minister may give directions to Commission.................. 225

151BUAB............. Request for disclosure.................................................... 227

151BUA................ Commission gives access to reports............................... 227

151BUB................ Carrier or carriage service provider gives access to reports 230

151BUC................ Carrier or carriage service provider gives access to periodic reports        234

151BUD................ Exemption of reports from access requirements............. 237

151BUDA............. Commission gives access to Ministerially‑directed reports 238

151BUDB............. Carrier or carriage service provider gives access to Ministerially‑directed reports   240

151BUDC............. Carrier or carriage service provider gives access to Ministerially‑directed periodic reports     243

151BUE................ Access via the internet.................................................... 245

151BUF................ Self‑incrimination........................................................... 246

151BV................... Incorrect records............................................................. 246

Division 7—Enforcement of the competition rule, tariff filing directions, record‑keeping rules and disclosure directions                                                                        247

151BW.................. Person involved in a contravention of the competition rule, a tariff filing direction, a record‑keeping rule or a disclosure direction......................................................... 247

151BX................... Pecuniary penalties for breach of the competition rule, a tariff filing direction, a record‑keeping rule or a disclosure direction......................................................... 247

151BY................... Civil action for recovery of pecuniary penalties.............. 249

151BZ................... Criminal proceedings not to be brought for contraventions of the competition rule, tariff filing directions, record‑keeping rules or disclosure directions.................. 250

151CA................... Injunctions...................................................................... 251

151CB................... Orders to disclose information or publish an advertisement—breach of the competition rule  253

151CC................... Actions for damages—breach of the competition rule.... 253

151CD................... Finding of fact in proceedings to be evidence................. 254

151CE................... Other orders—compensation for breach of the competition rule              254

151CF................... Conduct by directors, employees or agents..................... 257

Division 8—Disclosure of documents by Commission                             258

151CG................... Disclosure of documents by Commission...................... 258

Division 9—Treatment of partnerships                                                          260

151CH................... Treatment of partnerships............................................... 260

Division 10—Review of decisions                                                                       261

151CI.................... Review by Tribunal........................................................ 261

151CJ.................... Functions and powers of Tribunal.................................. 262

151CK................... Provisions that do not apply in relation to a Tribunal review 263

Division 11—Reviews of competitive safeguards within the telecommunications industry        264

151CL................... Reviews of competitive safeguards within the telecommunications industry           264

Division 12—Monitoring of telecommunications charges paid by consumers   266

151CM.................. Monitoring of telecommunications charges paid by consumers               266

Division 12A—Reports about competition in the telecommunications industry               268

151CMA............... Public reports about competition in the telecommunications industry      268

151CMB............... Confidential reports about competition in the telecommunications industry             269

151CMC............... Examples of matters that may be specified in a determination under section 151CMA or 151CMB       269

Division 15—Voluntary undertakings given by Telstra                        271

151CQ................... Voluntary undertakings given by Telstra........................ 271

Division 16—NBN corporations                                                                         272

151DA.................. Authorised conduct—subsection 51(1).......................... 272

151DB................... Listed points of interconnection...................................... 277

Part XIC—Telecommunications access regime                                               278

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        278

152AA.................. Simplified outline............................................................ 278

152AB................... Object of this Part........................................................... 280

152AC................... Definitions...................................................................... 282

152AD.................. This Part binds the Crown.............................................. 286

152AE................... Extension to external Territories..................................... 286

152AF................... Access............................................................................ 286

152AG.................. Access seeker................................................................. 287

152AGA............... Designated superfast telecommunications network......... 287

152AH.................. Reasonableness—terms and conditions.......................... 291

152AI.................... When public inquiry commences.................................... 292

152AJ.................... Interpretation of Part IIIA not affected by this Part......... 292

152AK................... Operation of Parts IV and VII not affected by this Part.. 292

Division 2—Declared services                                                                             293

152AL................... Declared services............................................................ 293

152ALA................ Duration of declaration................................................... 299

152AM.................. Inquiries about proposals to declare services.................. 302

152AN.................. Combined inquiries about proposals to declare services. 302

152AO.................. Variation or revocation of declaration............................. 303

152AQ.................. Register of declared services........................................... 304

152AQC................ Compensation for acquisition of property....................... 304

Division 3—Standard access obligations                                                        306

Subdivision A—Category A standard access obligations                            306

152AR................... Category A standard access obligations.......................... 306

152ARA................ Layer 2 bitstream services to be supplied on a non‑discriminatory basis 310

152ARB................ Layer 2 bitstream services—carriers and carriage service providers to carry on related activities on a non‑discriminatory basis................................................. 312

152ASA................ Anticipatory class exemptions from category A standard access obligations           313

152ATA................ Anticipatory individual exemptions from category A standard access obligations   315

152AU.................. Individual exemptions—request for further information. 320

152AXA............... Statement of reasons for decision—specification of documents               320

Subdivision B—Category B standard access obligations                            321

152AXB................ Category B standard access obligations.......................... 321

152AXC................ NBN corporation to supply declared services on a non‑discriminatory basis          324

152AXD............... NBN corporation to carry on related activities on a non‑discriminatory basis          325

Subdivision C—Compliance with standard access obligations                  326

152AY.................. Compliance with standard access obligations................. 326

152AYA............... Ancillary obligations—confidential information............. 327

152AZ................... Carrier licence condition................................................. 328

152BA................... Service provider rule....................................................... 328

152BB................... Judicial enforcement of standard access obligations....... 328

152BBAA............. Judicial enforcement of conditions and limitations of exemption determinations and orders    330

152BBA................ Commission may give directions in relation to negotiations 331

152BBB................ Enforcement of directions............................................... 333

152BBC................ Commission’s role in negotiations.................................. 334

152BBD................ Reaching agreement on terms and conditions of access.. 335

Division 4—Access determinations                                                                   336

Subdivision A—Commission may make access determinations                336

152BC................... Access determinations.................................................... 336

152BCA................ Matters that the Commission must take into account...... 338

152BCB................ Restrictions on access determinations............................. 339

152BCC................ Access agreements prevail over inconsistent access determinations         343

152BCCA............. Final migration plan prevails over inconsistent access determinations     344

152BCD................ Fixed principles provisions............................................. 344

152BCE................. Access determinations may be set out in the same document 346

152BCF................. Duration of access determination.................................... 346

152BCG................ Interim access determinations......................................... 350

152BCGA............. Stay of access determinations......................................... 351

Subdivision B—Public inquiries about proposals to make access determinations        352

152BCH................ Access determination to be made after public inquiry..... 352

152BCI.................. When public inquiry must be held.................................. 352

152BCJ................. Combined inquiries about proposals to make access determinations        355

152BCK................ Time limit for making an access determination............... 356

Subdivision C—Variation or revocation of access determinations          356

152BCN................ Variation or revocation of access determinations............ 356

Subdivision D—Compliance with access determinations                             358

152BCO................ Carrier licence condition................................................. 358

152BCP................. Service provider rule....................................................... 358

Subdivision E—Private enforcement of access determinations                 359

152BCQ................ Private enforcement of access determinations................. 359

152BCR................ Consent injunctions........................................................ 360

152BCS................. Interim injunctions.......................................................... 360

152BCT................. Factors relevant to granting a restraining injunction........ 360

152BCU................ Factors relevant to granting a mandatory injunction........ 361

152BCV................ Discharge or variation of injunction or other order......... 361

Subdivision F—Register of Access Determinations                                       361

152BCW............... Register of Access Determinations................................. 361

Division 4A—Binding rules of conduct                                                           363

Subdivision A—Commission may make binding rules of conduct            363

152BD................... Binding rules of conduct................................................. 363

152BDAA............. Matters that the Commission must take into account...... 364

152BDA................ Restrictions on binding rules of conduct......................... 366

152BDB................ Access agreements prevail over inconsistent binding rules of conduct    370

152BDC................ Duration of binding rules of conduct.............................. 370

152BDCA............. Final migration plan prevails over inconsistent binding rules of conduct 370

152BDD................ Commission must give copy of binding rules of conduct to carrier etc.   371

152BDE................ Access determinations that are inconsistent with binding rules of conduct              371

152BDEA............. Stay of binding rules of conduct..................................... 371

Subdivision B—Compliance with binding rules of conduct                        372

152BDF................ Carrier licence condition................................................. 372

152BDG................ Service provider rule....................................................... 372

Subdivision C—Private enforcement of binding rules of conduct            372

152BDH................ Private enforcement of binding rules of conduct............. 372

152BDI................. Consent injunctions........................................................ 373

152BDJ................. Interim injunctions.......................................................... 373

152BDK................ Factors relevant to granting a restraining injunction........ 374

152BDL................ Factors relevant to granting a mandatory injunction........ 374

152BDM............... Discharge or variation of injunction or other order......... 374

Subdivision D—Register of Binding Rules of Conduct                                 374

152BDN................ Register of Binding Rules of Conduct............................ 374

Division 4B—Access agreements                                                                       376

152BE................... Access agreements.......................................................... 376

152BEA................ Quarterly reports about access agreements..................... 378

152BEB................. Commission may request copy of access agreement or variation agreement            379

152BEBA.............. NBN corporation to give the Commission a statement about the differences between an access agreement and a standard form of access agreement............................... 380

152BEBB.............. NBN corporation to give the Commission a statement about the differences between an access agreement and a special access undertaking............................................ 382

152BEBC.............. NBN corporation to give the Commission a statement about the differences between an access agreement and an access determination................................................... 383

152BEBD.............. Register of NBN Access Agreement Statements............ 385

152BEBE.............. Layer 2 bitstream services—carrier or carriage service provider to give the Commission a statement about the differences between an access agreement and a special access undertaking             386

152BEBF.............. Layer 2 bitstream services—carrier or carriage service provider to give the Commission a statement about the differences between an access agreement and an access determination    388

152BEBG.............. Register of Layer 2 Bitstream Access Agreement Statements  389

152BEC................. Carrier licence condition................................................. 390

152BED................ Service provider rule....................................................... 390

Division 5—Access undertakings                                                                       392

Subdivision B—Special access undertakings                                                  392

152CBA................ What is a special access undertaking?............................ 392

152CBAA............. Fixed principles terms and conditions............................. 395

152CBB................ Further information about undertaking........................... 399

152CBC................ Commission to accept or reject access undertaking......... 400

152CBCA............. Serial undertakings......................................................... 403

152CBD................ Criteria for accepting access undertaking........................ 403

152CBDA............. Variation of special access undertaking.......................... 406

152CBE................. Extension of access undertaking..................................... 407

152CBF................. Duration of access undertaking....................................... 408

152CBG................ Variation of access undertakings.................................... 408

152CBH................ Further information about variation of access undertaking 410

152CBI.................. Voluntary withdrawal of undertaking............................. 411

152CBIA............... Special access undertakings prevail over inconsistent access determinations           412

152CBIB............... Special access undertakings prevail over inconsistent binding rules of conduct       412

152CBIC............... Access agreements prevail over special access undertakings 412

152CBJ................. Proposed service............................................................. 412

Subdivision C—General provisions                                                                  412

152CC................... Register of access undertakings...................................... 412

152CD................... Enforcement of access undertakings............................... 413

152CDA................ Deferral of consideration of an access undertaking etc... 414

Division 6—Ministerial pricing determinations                                          415

152CH................... Ministerial pricing determinations................................... 415

152CI.................... Undertakings, access determinations and binding rules of conduct that are inconsistent with Ministerial pricing determinations................................................................. 415

152CJ.................... Register of Ministerial pricing determinations................ 416

Division 6A—Supply of services by NBN corporations                         417

152CJA................. Supply of services by NBN corporations....................... 417

152CJB................. Mandatory NBN services............................................... 418

152CJC................. Carrier licence condition................................................. 420

152CJD................. Service provider rule....................................................... 420

152CJE.................. Judicial enforcement of obligations................................. 420

152CJF.................. Standard form of access agreement................................. 421

152CJG................. When NBN corporation is not capable of supplying a carriage service    421

Division 6B—Explanatory material relating to anti‑discrimination provisions                422

152CJH................. Explanatory material relating to anti‑discrimination provisions                422

Division 7—Relationship between this Part and Part IIIA                  423

152CK................... Relationship between this Part and Part IIIA.................. 423

Division 10—Hindering the fulfilment of a standard access obligation etc.        424

152EF.................... Prohibition on hindering the fulfilment of a standard access obligation etc.             424

152EG................... Enforcement of prohibition on hindering the fulfilment of a standard access obligation etc.    424

152EH................... Consent injunctions........................................................ 425

152EI..................... Interim injunctions.......................................................... 425

152EJ.................... Factors relevant to granting a restraining injunction........ 426

152EK................... Factors relevant to granting a mandatory injunction........ 426

152EL.................... Discharge or variation of injunction or other order......... 426

Division 10A—Procedural Rules                                                                        427

152ELA................. Procedural Rules............................................................. 427

152ELB................. Public consultation.......................................................... 428

152ELC................. Plan for the development of Procedural Rules................ 428

Division 11—Miscellaneous                                                                                   429

152ELD................. Compensation for acquisition of property....................... 429

152EM.................. Continuity of partnerships.............................................. 429

152EN................... Treatment of partnerships............................................... 429

152EO................... Conduct by directors, servants or agents........................ 430

152EOA................ Review of operation of this Part etc................................ 431

152EP.................... Regulations about fees for inspection etc. of registers.... 432

152EQ................... Assistance to independent telecommunications adjudicator 432

152ER................... Voluntary undertakings given by Telstra........................ 433

Part XID—Search and seizure                                                                                  434

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                          434

154........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 434

154A..................... Definitions...................................................................... 434

Division 2—Appointment of inspectors and identity cards                  437

154B...................... Appointment of inspectors.............................................. 437

154C...................... Identity cards.................................................................. 437

Division 3—Entry to premises with consent                                                 439

154D..................... Entry with consent.......................................................... 439

154E...................... Powers in relation to premises........................................ 439

154F...................... Operation of electronic equipment at premises................ 440

Division 4—Entry to premises under a search warrant                        442

Subdivision A—Powers available under a search warrant                         442

154G..................... The things that are authorised by a search warrant.......... 442

154GA.................. Removing things for examination or processing............. 443

154H..................... Operation of electronic equipment at premises................ 444

154J....................... Securing electronic equipment for use by experts........... 446

Subdivision B—Availability of assistance and use of force in executing a search warrant        447

154K...................... Authorisation of officers assisting.................................. 447

154L...................... Availability of assistance and use of force in executing a search warrant 447

Subdivision C—Obligations of executing officer and officers assisting  448

154M..................... Announcement before entry............................................ 448

154N..................... Details of warrant to be given to occupier....................... 448

Subdivision D—Occupier’s rights and responsibilities                                 448

154P...................... Occupier entitled to observe search being conducted...... 448

154Q..................... Occupier to provide reasonable facilities and assistance. 449

154R...................... Answering of questions or producing evidential material 449

154RA................... Person with computer knowledge to assist access etc..... 450

Subdivision E—General provisions relating to seizure                               451

154S...................... Copies of seized things to be provided........................... 451

154T...................... Receipts for things seized or moved under warrant........ 451

154U..................... Return of seized things................................................... 451

154V..................... Magistrate may permit a thing to be retained................... 452

154W..................... Disposal of things if there is no owner or owner cannot be located         453

Subdivision F—Search warrants                                                                        453

154X..................... Issue of search warrants................................................. 453

154Y..................... Search warrants by telephone, fax etc............................. 455

154Z...................... Offences relating to warrants.......................................... 457

Subdivision G—Powers of magistrates                                                            458

154ZA................... Powers conferred on magistrates.................................... 458

Division 5—General provisions relating to electronic equipment    459

154ZB................... Operation of electronic equipment at premises................ 459

154ZC................... Compensation for damage to electronic equipment......... 459

Part XII—Miscellaneous                                                                                                461

155........................ Power to obtain information, documents and evidence... 461

155AAA............... Protection of certain information..................................... 465

155AA.................. Protection of Part VB information.................................. 471

155A..................... Power to obtain information and documents in New Zealand relating to trans‑Tasman markets              472

155B...................... Australian Competition and Consumer Commission may receive information and documents on behalf of New Zealand Commerce Commission............................ 473

156........................ Inspection of documents by Commission....................... 474

157........................ Disclosure of documents by Commission...................... 475

157AA.................. Disclosure of documents by Tribunal in relation to merger authorisations               478

157A..................... Disclosure of information by Commission..................... 479

157B...................... Disclosure of protected cartel information to a court or tribunal               480

157C...................... Disclosure of protected cartel information to a party to court proceedings etc.         483

157D..................... General powers of a court............................................... 486

158........................ Protection of members of Tribunal, counsel and witnesses 486

159........................ Incriminating answers..................................................... 487

160........................ Failure of witness to attend............................................. 487

161........................ Refusal to be sworn or to answer questions................... 488

162........................ Contempt........................................................................ 489

162A..................... Intimidation etc............................................................... 489

163........................ Prosecutions................................................................... 490

163A..................... Declarations and orders.................................................. 491

165........................ Inspection of, furnishing of copies of, and evidence of, documents         495

166........................ Certificates as to furnishing of particulars to Commission 496

167........................ Judicial notice................................................................. 497

170........................ Legal and financial assistance......................................... 498

171........................ Annual report by Commission........................................ 499

171A..................... Charges by the Commission........................................... 500

171B...................... Division 3 of Part IIIA does not confer judicial power on the Commission            501

172........................ Regulations..................................................................... 501

173........................ Authorisation for the purposes of subsection 51(1)........ 503

Part XIII—Application and transitional provisions relating to the competition provisions         504

Division 1—Cartel conduct                                                                                   504

174........................ Definitions...................................................................... 504

175........................ Giving effect after the commencement time to a cartel provision in existence before that time 504

176........................ Proceedings relating to price‑fixing contraventions taking place before the commencement time            504

177........................ Authorisations in force before the commencement time.. 505

178........................ Notifications in force before the commencement time..... 505

Division 2—Application of amendments made by the Competition and Consumer Legislation Amendment Act 2011                                                                                                507

179........................ Amendments of section 50............................................. 507


Part XInternational liner cargo shipping

Division 1Preliminary

10.01  Objects of Part

             (1)  The principal objects of this Part are:

                     (a)  to ensure that Australian exporters have continued access to outwards liner cargo shipping services of adequate frequency and reliability at freight rates that are internationally competitive; and

                     (b)  to promote conditions in the international liner cargo shipping industry that encourage stable access to export markets for exporters in all States and Territories; and

                     (c)  to ensure that efficient Australian flag shipping is not unreasonably hindered from normal commercial participation in any outwards liner cargo shipping trade; and

                     (d)  as far as practicable, to extend to Australian importers in each State and Territory the protection given by this Part to Australian exporters.

             (2)  It is the intention of the Parliament that the principal objects of this Part should be achieved:

                     (a)  by permitting continued conference operations while enhancing the competitive environment for international liner cargo shipping services through the provision of adequate and appropriate safeguards against abuse of conference power, particularly by:

                              (i)  enacting additional restrictive trade practice provisions applying to ocean carriers;

                             (ii)  requiring conference agreements to meet certain minimum standards;

                            (iii)  making conference agreements generally publicly available;

                            (iv)  permitting only partial and conditional exemption from restrictive trade practice prohibitions; and

                             (v)  requiring conferences to take part in negotiations with representative shipper bodies;

                     (b)  through increased reliance on private commercial and legal processes and a reduced level of government regulation of routine commercial matters; and

                     (c)  by the exercise of jurisdiction, consistent with international law:

                              (i)  over ocean carriers who have a substantial connection with Australia because they provide international liner cargo shipping services; and

                             (ii)  to enable remedies for contravention of the provisions of this Part to be enforced within Australia.

10.01A  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

     This Part sets up a system for regulating international liner cargo shipping services.

     The main components of that system are as follows:

               (a)     registration of conference agreements;

              (b)     regulation of non‑conference ocean carriers with substantial market power;

               (c)     regulation of unfair pricing practices;

              (d)     registration of agents of ocean carriers.

     The parties to a conference agreement relating to international liner cargo shipping services may apply for the registration of the agreement.

     If the conference agreement is registered, the parties will be given partial and conditional exemptions from:

               (a)     sections 44ZZRF, 44ZZRG, 44ZZRJ and 44ZZRK (cartel conduct); and

              (b)     section 45 (contracts etc. that restrict dealings or affect competition); and

               (c)     section 47 (exclusive dealing).

     The parties to a registered conference agreement are required to negotiate with, and provide information to, representative shipper bodies.

     The Commission may investigate whether grounds exist for the Minister to deregister a conference agreement.

     The main ground for deregistration is a breach by the parties to the agreement of requirements imposed on them by this Part.

10.02  Interpretation

             (1)  In this Part, unless the contrary intention appears:

agreement means any contract, agreement, arrangement or understanding, whether made in or outside Australia.

ancillary service, in relation to a scheduled cargo shipping service, means:

                     (a)  an inter‑terminal transport service; or

                     (b)  a stevedoring service; or

                     (c)  a service provided outside Australia;

that:

                     (d)  relates to the cargo transported, or to be transported, on the scheduled cargo shipping service; and

                     (e)  is provided by, or on behalf of, the provider of the scheduled cargo shipping service.

association includes a body corporate.

Australian exporter means a person who exports goods from Australia.

Australian flag shipping operator means a person who:

                     (a)  is an Australian citizen or a body corporate incorporated by or under the law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory;

                     (b)  provides, or proposes to provide, shipping services; and

                     (c)  normally uses, or proposes normally to use, in providing the services only:

                              (i)  a ship that is registered in Australia; or

                             (ii)  2 or more ships, all or most of which are registered in Australia.

Australian importer means a person who imports goods into Australia.

authorised officer means an officer of the Department who is authorised, in writing, by the Minister for the purposes of this Part.

conference means an unincorporated association of 2 or more ocean carriers carrying on 2 or more businesses each of which includes, or is proposed to include, the provision of outwards liner cargo shipping services or inwards liner cargo shipping services.

conference agreement means:

                     (a)  an outwards conference agreement; or

                     (b)  an inwards conference agreement.

designated inwards peak shipper body means an association specified in a notice under subsection 10.03(2A).

designated inwards secondary shipper body means an association specified in a notice under subsection 10.03(2B).

designated inwards shipper body means:

                     (a)  a designated inwards peak shipper body; or

                     (b)  a designated inwards secondary shipper body.

designated outwards peak shipper body means an association specified in a notice under subsection 10.03(1).

designated outwards secondary shipper body means an association specified in a notice under subsection 10.03(2).

designated outwards shipper body means:

                     (a)  a designated outwards peak shipper body; or

                     (b)  a designated outwards secondary shipper body.

designated port area means the area within the limits of a port appointed under section 15 of the Customs Act 1901, being the limits fixed under that section.

designated secondary shipper body means:

                     (a)  a designated outwards secondary shipper body; or

                     (b)  a designated inwards secondary shipper body.

designated shipper body means:

                     (a)  a designated outwards shipper body; or

                     (b)  a designated inwards shipper body.

exemption order means an order under section 10.72A.

freight rate agreement means a conference agreement that consists of or includes freight rate charges.

freight rate charges:

                     (a)  in relation to an outwards conference agreement—means those parts of the conference agreement that specify freight rates (including base freight rates, surcharges, rebates and allowances) for outwards liner cargo shipping services; and

                     (b)  in relation to an inwards conference agreement—means those parts of the conference agreement that specify freight rates (including base freight rates, surcharges, rebates and allowances) for inwards liner cargo shipping services.

handling cargo includes a service that is related to handling of cargo.

inland terminal has the meaning given by section 10.02A.

international liner cargo shipping service means:

                     (a)  an outwards liner cargo shipping service; or

                     (b)  an inwards liner cargo shipping service.

inter‑terminal transport service means a service for the transport of various types of general cargo:

                     (a)  from an inland terminal to a port terminal; or

                     (b)  from a port terminal to an inland terminal; or

                     (c)  from a port terminal to another port terminal;

and includes the handling of the cargo within any of those terminals.

inwards conference agreement means an agreement between members of a conference in relation to inwards liner cargo shipping services provided, or proposed to be provided, by them, and includes an inwards varying conference agreement.

inwards liner cargo shipping service means an inwards scheduled cargo shipping service and, if the inwards scheduled cargo shipping service is part of a terminal‑to‑terminal service, includes an ancillary service that relates to the inwards scheduled cargo shipping service.

inwards loyalty agreement means an agreement:

                     (a)  between an ocean carrier or conference and a shipper or designated inwards shipper body; and

                     (b)  that makes provision, in relation to inwards liner cargo shipping services, having the purpose or effect of giving certain benefits to the shipper, or a shipper represented by the designated inwards shipper body, if the shipper ships with the ocean carrier, or members of the conference:

                              (i)  all or particular cargo, or a particular portion of all or particular cargo, shipped by the shipper; or

                             (ii)  a particular quantity of cargo or of particular cargo.

inwards scheduled cargo shipping service means a scheduled cargo shipping service where the transport of the cargo by sea commences from a place outside Australia and ends at a place in Australia.

inwards varying conference agreement means an agreement:

                     (a)  that varies an inwards conference agreement; or

                     (b)  that otherwise affects an inwards conference agreement (including an agreement referred to in subsection (4)).

loyalty agreement means:

                     (a)  an outwards loyalty agreement; or

                     (b)  an inwards loyalty agreement.

ocean carrier means a person who provides, or proposes to provide, international liner cargo shipping services.

outwards conference agreement means an agreement between members of a conference in relation to outwards liner cargo shipping services provided, or proposed to be provided, by them, and includes an outwards varying conference agreement.

outwards liner cargo shipping service means an outwards scheduled cargo shipping service and, if the outwards scheduled cargo shipping service is part of a terminal‑to‑terminal service, includes an ancillary service that relates to the outwards scheduled cargo shipping service.

outwards loyalty agreement means an agreement:

                     (a)  between an ocean carrier or conference and a shipper or designated outwards shipper body; and

                     (b)  that makes provision, in relation to outwards liner cargo shipping services, having the purpose or effect of giving certain benefits to the shipper, or a shipper represented by the designated outwards shipper body, if the shipper ships with the ocean carrier, or members of the conference:

                              (i)  all or particular cargo, or a particular portion of all or particular cargo, shipped by the shipper; or

                             (ii)  a particular quantity of cargo or of particular cargo.

outwards scheduled cargo shipping service means a scheduled cargo shipping service where the transport of the cargo by sea commences from a place in Australia and ends at a place outside Australia.

outwards varying conference agreement means an agreement:

                     (a)  that varies an outwards conference agreement; or

                     (b)  that otherwise affects an outwards conference agreement (including an agreement referred to in subsection (3)).

port terminal means:

                     (a)  the area within the limits of a wharf appointed under section 15 of the Customs Act 1901, being the limits fixed under that section; or

                     (b)  a terminal facility within the limits of a designated port area.

pricing practice means the fixing, controlling or maintaining by an ocean carrier of prices charged for, or the giving or allowing by an ocean carrier of discounts, allowances, rebates or credits in relation to, outwards liner cargo shipping services or inwards liner cargo shipping services provided by the ocean carrier.

provisionally registered conference agreement means a conference agreement that is provisionally registered under this Part.

registered agent, in relation to an ocean carrier, means the person specified in the register of ocean carrier agents as the agent of the ocean carrier.

registered conference agreement means a conference agreement that is finally registered under this Part.

registered non‑conference ocean carrier with substantial market power means an ocean carrier specified in the register of non‑conference ocean carriers with substantial market power.

Registrar means the Registrar of Liner Shipping.

scheduled cargo shipping service means a scheduled service for the transport of various types of general cargo by sea on particular routes, generally by container and generally at predetermined freight rates.

stevedoring service means:

                     (a)  the loading or unloading of cargo into or from a ship; or

                     (b)  the handling of cargo within a port terminal.

terminal‑to‑terminal service means:

                     (a)  an outwards scheduled cargo shipping service, together with any ancillary service that relates to the outwards scheduled cargo shipping service; or

                     (b)  an inwards scheduled cargo shipping service, together with any ancillary service that relates to the inwards scheduled cargo shipping service.

vary, in relation to a conference agreement, includes vary by way of:

                     (a)  omitting or altering any of the provisions of, or parties to, the agreement;

                     (b)  adding new provisions or parties to the agreement; or

                     (c)  substituting new provisions or parties for any of the provisions of, or parties to, the agreement.

varying conference agreement means:

                     (a)  an outwards varying conference agreement; or

                     (b)  an inwards varying conference agreement.

             (2)  A reference in this Part to the minimum level of outwards liner cargo shipping services provided, or proposed to be provided, under an outwards conference agreement includes a reference to the frequency of sailings, cargo carrying capacity, and ports of call, of outwards liner cargo shipping services provided, or proposed to be provided, under the agreement.

          (2A)  A reference in this Part to the minimum level of inwards liner cargo shipping services provided, or proposed to be provided, under an inwards conference agreement includes a reference to the frequency of sailings, cargo carrying capacity, and ports of call, of inwards liner cargo shipping services provided, or proposed to be provided, under the agreement.

             (3)  A reference in this Part to an agreement that affects an outwards conference agreement includes a reference to an agreement between parties to the conference agreement or between parties to the conference agreement and other ocean carriers:

                     (a)  that affects the conduct of parties to the conference agreement in relation to outwards liner cargo shipping services provided, or proposed to be provided, under the conference agreement;

                     (b)  that affects the minimum level of outwards liner cargo shipping services provided, or proposed to be provided, under the conference agreement; or

                     (c)  that otherwise affects:

                              (i)  the operation, or proposed operation, of the conference agreement; or

                             (ii)  outwards liner cargo shipping services provided, or proposed to be provided, under the conference agreement.

             (4)  A reference in this Part to an agreement that affects an inwards conference agreement includes a reference to an agreement between parties to the conference agreement or between parties to the conference agreement and other ocean carriers:

                     (a)  that affects the conduct of parties to the conference agreement in relation to inwards liner cargo shipping services provided, or proposed to be provided, under the conference agreement; or

                     (b)  that affects the minimum level of inwards liner cargo shipping services provided, or proposed to be provided, under the conference agreement; or

                     (c)  that otherwise affects:

                              (i)  the operation, or proposed operation, of the conference agreement; or

                             (ii)  inwards liner cargo shipping services provided, or proposed to be provided, under the conference agreement.

             (5)  For the purposes of this Part (except where the contrary intention appears), if:

                     (a)  an ancillary service relates to a scheduled cargo shipping service; and

                     (b)  the ancillary service is provided on behalf of the provider of the scheduled cargo shipping service by a third person;

the ancillary service is taken to be provided by the provider of the scheduled cargo shipping service instead of by the third person.

10.02A  Inland terminals

             (1)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, declare that a specified facility is an inland terminal for the purposes of this Part.

             (2)  The facility must be in Australia, but outside a designated port area.

             (3)  In making a declaration under subsection (1), the Minister must have regard to the following matters:

                     (a)  whether the facility is under the control of a person who is, or of persons each of whom is:

                              (i)  an ocean carrier; or

                             (ii)  a person who provides services at the facility at the request of an ocean carrier;

                     (b)  whether the facility is used for either or both of the following purposes:

                              (i)  assembling export cargoes for transport to a port terminal located at the port where the cargoes are to be loaded onto ships for export;

                             (ii)  delivering imported cargoes to importers or their representatives;

                     (c)  any other matters that the Minister thinks are relevant.

             (4)  In making a declaration under subsection (1), the Minister must not give preference (within the meaning of section 99 of the Constitution) to one State or part of a State over another State or part of a State.

             (5)  A declaration under subsection (1) has effect accordingly.

10.03  Designated shipper bodies

             (1)  If the Minister is of the opinion that an association represents the interests, in relation to outwards liner cargo shipping services, of Australian shippers generally, the Minister may, by legislative instrument, declare that the association is a designated outwards peak shipper body for the purposes of this Part.

             (2)  If the Minister is of the opinion:

                     (a)  that an association represents the interests, in relation to outwards liner cargo shipping services, of all or any of the following kinds of persons:

                              (i)  Australian shippers in a particular trade;

                             (ii)  Australian shippers of particular kinds of goods;

                            (iii)  shippers in a particular part of Australia;

                            (iv)  producers of goods of a kind exported, or proposed to be exported, from Australia; and

                     (b)  that it is desirable that the association be a designated outwards secondary shipper body for the purposes of this Part;

the Minister may, by legislative instrument, declare that the association is a designated outwards secondary shipper body for the purposes of this Part.

          (2A)  If the Minister is of the opinion that an association represents the interests, in relation to inwards liner cargo shipping services, of Australian shippers generally, the Minister may, by legislative instrument, declare that the association is a designated inwards peak shipper body for the purposes of this Part.

          (2B)  If the Minister is of the opinion:

                     (a)  that an association represents the interests, in relation to inwards liner cargo shipping services, of all or any of the following kinds of persons:

                              (i)  Australian shippers in a particular trade;

                             (ii)  Australian shippers of particular kinds of goods;

                            (iii)  shippers in a particular part of Australia; and

                     (b)  that it is desirable that the association be a designated inwards secondary shipper body for the purposes of this Part;

the Minister may, by legislative instrument, declare that the association is a designated inwards secondary shipper body for the purposes of this Part.

             (3)  Where the Minister declares that an association is a designated outwards peak shipper body, a designated inwards peak shipper body, a designated outwards secondary shipper body or a designated inwards secondary shipper body for the purposes of this Part, the Registrar shall enter particulars of the association in the register of designated shipper bodies.

             (4)  The particulars entered in the register shall include whether the association is a designated outwards peak shipper body, a designated inwards peak shipper body, a designated outwards secondary shipper body or a designated inwards secondary shipper body.

             (5)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, make guidelines to be applied by the Registrar in the exercise of the Registrar’s powers to nominate designated secondary shipper bodies for the purposes of sections 10.29, 10.41 and 10.52.

             (6)  The Registrar shall enter particulars of any nomination of a designated secondary shipper body for the purposes of section 10.29, 10.41 or 10.52 in the register of designated shipper bodies.

Division 2Additional restrictive trade practice provisions applying to ocean carriers

10.04  Application of section 46 in relation to conference agreements

             (1)  For the purposes of section 46, if the parties to a conference agreement together have a substantial degree of power in a market in which any party to the agreement provides international liner cargo shipping services under the agreement, each party to the conference agreement shall be taken to have a substantial degree of power in the market.

             (2)  In subsection (1):

conference agreement means an agreement between members of a conference in relation to international liner cargo shipping services provided, or proposed to be provided, by them, and includes an agreement that varies such an agreement.

Division 3Minimum standards for conference agreements

10.06  Application of Australian law to outwards conference agreements and withdrawal from agreements

             (1)  An outwards conference agreement must expressly provide for a question arising under the agreement in relation to an outwards liner cargo shipping service provided, or proposed to be provided, under the agreement to be determined in Australia in accordance with Australian law unless the parties and the Minister agree, in writing, to the particular question being otherwise determined.

             (2)  An outwards conference agreement must expressly permit any party to the agreement to withdraw from the agreement on reasonable notice without penalty.

10.07  Minimum levels of shipping services to be specified in conference agreements

             (1)  An outwards conference agreement must contain provisions specifying the minimum level of outwards liner cargo shipping services to be provided under the agreement.

             (2)  An inwards conference agreement must contain provisions specifying the minimum level of inwards liner cargo shipping services to be provided under the agreement.

Note:          See also paragraph 10.33(1)(b) and section 10.72A.

10.08  Conference agreements may include only certain restrictive trade practice provisions

             (1)  If a conference agreement includes a provision:

                    (aa)  that is a provision where the following conditions are satisfied in relation to the provision:

                              (i)  the purpose/effect condition set out in subsection 44ZZRD(2);

                             (ii)  the competition condition set out in subsection 44ZZRD(4); or

                   (ab)  that is a provision where the following conditions are satisfied in relation to the provision:

                              (i)  the purpose condition set out in subsection 44ZZRD(3);

                             (ii)  the competition condition set out in subsection 44ZZRD(4); or

                     (a)  that is an exclusionary provision; or

                     (b)  that has the purpose, or has or is likely to have the effect, of substantially lessening competition (within the meaning of section 45);

the provision, so far as it is covered by paragraph (aa), (ab), (a) or (b), must either:

                     (c)  deal only with the following matters:

                              (i)  the fixing or other regulation of freight rates;

                             (ii)  the pooling or apportionment of earnings, losses or traffic;

                            (iii)  the restriction or other regulation of the quantity or kind of cargo to be carried by parties to the agreement;

                            (iv)  the restriction or other regulation of the entry of new parties to the agreement; or

                     (d)  be necessary for the effective operation of the agreement and of overall benefit to:

                              (i)  in the case of an outwards conference agreement—Australian exporters; or

                             (ii)  in the case of an inwards conference agreement—Australian importers.

             (2)  If a conference agreement includes a provision that permits or requires the practice of exclusive dealing (within the meaning of section 47), the provision, so far as it permits or requires that practice, must be necessary for the effective operation of the agreement and of overall benefit to:

                     (a)  in the case of an outwards conference agreement—Australian exporters; or

                     (b)  in the case of an inwards conference agreement—Australian importers.

Note:          See also paragraph 10.33(1)(ba) and section 10.72A.

             (3)  This section does not apply in relation to a provision of a conference agreement so far as the provision requires or permits a party to the agreement to enter into a loyalty agreement.

10.09  Where may consequences of conference agreements not complying with minimum standards be found?

                   The consequences of a conference agreement not complying with this Division are to be found in the following provisions:

                     (a)  section 10.28 (decision on application for provisional registration);

                     (b)  section 10.33 (decision on application for final registration);

                     (c)  section 10.45 (circumstances in which Minister may exercise powers in relation to registered conference agreements).

Division 4Registers and files and public inspection of them

10.10  Registers and conference agreement files open to public inspection

             (1)  The registers and conference agreement files kept by the Registrar and the Commission under this Part are open to public inspection.

             (2)  A person is entitled, on application to the Registrar or the Commission, as the case requires, and payment of the prescribed fee, to obtain a copy of the whole or any part of:

                     (a)  an entry in a register kept under this Part; or

                     (b)  a conference agreement file kept under this Part.

10.11  What registers are to be kept by the Registrar?

             (1)  The Registrar shall keep:

                     (a)  a register of conference agreements; and

                     (b)  a register of designated shipper bodies; and

                     (c)  a register of non‑conference ocean carriers with substantial market power; and

                     (d)  a register of obligations concerning unfair pricing practices; and

                     (e)  a register of ocean carrier agents; and

                      (f)  a register of exemption orders.

             (2)  An entry in a register must contain such particulars as are prescribed in relation to the register.

10.12  What conference agreement files are to be kept by the Registrar?

             (1)  The Registrar shall keep a file, to be known as the conference agreement file, for each conference agreement (other than a varying conference agreement).

             (2)  The conference agreement file for a conference agreement must include:

                     (a)  documents filed with the Registrar under Division 6 in relation to the agreement or any relevant varying conference agreement (other than any part of a document that is not open to public inspection);

                     (b)  abstracts accepted by the Registrar under section 10.36 in relation to such documents (being abstracts of those parts of the documents that are not open to public inspection); and

                     (c)  notifications given to the Registrar under subsection 10.40(1) or 10.43(1) in relation to the agreement or any relevant varying conference agreement.

10.13  What register is to be kept by the Commission?

             (1)  The Commission shall keep a register of Commission investigations.

             (2)  Subject to section 10.88, the register of Commission investigations shall contain:

                     (a)  references given to the Commission by the Minister under subsections 10.47(1), 10.50(1), 10.57(1) and 10.63(1);

                     (b)  particulars of decisions made by the Commission under subsections 10.48(2), 10.48(2A) and 10.58(2) to hold investigations;

                     (c)  requests made to the Commission by the Minister under subsections 10.48(3) and 10.58(3);

                     (d)  documents given to the Commission in relation to investigations by it under this Part;

                     (e)  particulars of oral submissions made to the Commission in relation to such investigations; and

                      (f)  reports given to the Minister by the Commission in relation to such investigations.

Division 5Exemptions from certain restrictive trade practice prohibitions

Subdivision AExemptions relating to conference agreements

10.14  Exemptions apply only to certain activities

             (1)  Subject to this section, the exemptions provided by this Subdivision apply only in relation to the following parts of an outwards liner cargo shipping service or an inwards liner cargo shipping service:

                     (a)  the parts of the service that consist of the transport of the cargo by sea;

                     (b)  stevedoring services;

                     (c)  activities that take place outside Australia.

             (2)  The exemptions provided by this Subdivision extend to the fixing of charges for an inter‑terminal transport service where the service is part of an outwards liner cargo shipping service or an inwards liner cargo shipping service.

             (3)  The exemptions provided by this Subdivision extend to the determination of common terms and conditions for bills of lading for use in relation to an outwards liner cargo shipping service or an inwards liner cargo shipping service.

             (4)  To avoid doubt, the exemptions provided by this Subdivision do not extend to any dealings between the parties to a conference agreement and a person who provides ancillary services on behalf of the provider of a scheduled cargo shipping service.

10.15  When do exemptions commence to apply in relation to registered conference agreements?

             (1)  The exemptions provided by this Subdivision (other than sections 10.17A and 10.18A) apply in relation to the operation of a registered outwards conference agreement only after the end of 30 days after the conference agreement is finally registered.

             (2)  The exemptions provided by this Subdivision (other than sections 10.17A and 10.18A) apply in relation to the operation of a registered inwards conference agreement only after whichever is the later of the following times:

                     (a)  the end of 30 days after the conference agreement is finally registered;

                     (b)  the commencement of Part 2 of Schedule 1 to the Trade Practices Amendment (International Liner Cargo Shipping) Act 2000.

10.16  Exemptions do not apply to variations of conference agreement unless varying agreement registered

                   Where a registered conference agreement is varied or otherwise affected by a varying conference agreement (other than an agreement that consists solely of freight rate charges), the exemptions provided by this Subdivision (other than sections 10.17A and 10.18A) apply only in relation to the operation of the registered conference agreement itself, and not that agreement as varied or otherwise affected, unless the varying conference agreement has been finally registered.

10.17  Exemptions from sections 44ZZRF, 44ZZRG, 44ZZRJ, 44ZZRK and 45

             (1)  Sections 44ZZRF, 44ZZRJ and 45 do not apply in relation to the making of a contract or arrangement, or the arriving at an understanding, if:

                     (a)  the contract, arrangement or understanding is a conference agreement; and

                     (b)  the parties apply for its provisional registration under this Part within 30 days after the making of the contract or arrangement or arriving at the understanding.

             (2)  Sections 44ZZRG, 44ZZRK and 45 do not apply in relation to conduct engaged in by a party to a registered conference agreement so far as the conduct gives effect to a provision of the agreement in relation to an outwards liner cargo shipping service or an inwards liner cargo shipping service.

10.17A  Exemptions from sections 44ZZRF, 44ZZRG, 44ZZRJ, 44ZZRK and 45 for freight rate agreements

             (1)  Sections 44ZZRF, 44ZZRJ and 45 do not apply to the making of freight rate charges in a freight rate agreement if:

                     (a)  the freight rates (including base freight rates, surcharges, rebates and allowances) specified in the freight rate agreement are for outwards liner cargo shipping services provided under a single registered outwards conference agreement after the end of 30 days after the last‑mentioned agreement is finally registered; and

                     (b)  the parties to the freight rate agreement are the same as the parties to the registered outwards conference agreement.

             (2)  Sections 44ZZRF, 44ZZRJ and 45 do not apply to the making of freight rate charges in a freight rate agreement if:

                     (a)  the freight rates (including base freight rates, surcharges, rebates and allowances) specified in the freight rate agreement are for inwards liner cargo shipping services provided under a single registered inwards conference agreement after whichever is the later of the following times:

                              (i)  the end of 30 days after the last‑mentioned agreement is finally registered;

                             (ii)  the commencement of Part 2 of Schedule 1 to the Trade Practices Amendment (International Liner Cargo Shipping) Act 2000; and

                     (b)  the parties to the freight rate agreement are the same as the parties to the registered inwards conference agreement.

             (3)  Sections 44ZZRG, 44ZZRK and 45 do not apply to conduct engaged in by a party to a freight rate agreement, so far as the conduct gives effect to freight rate charges in the freight rate agreement, if:

                     (a)  the freight rates (including base freight rates, surcharges, rebates and allowances) specified in the freight rate agreement are for outwards liner cargo shipping services provided under a single registered outwards conference agreement after the end of 30 days after the last‑mentioned agreement is finally registered; and

                     (b)  the parties to the freight rate agreement are the same as the parties to the registered outwards conference agreement.

             (4)  Sections 44ZZRG, 44ZZRK and 45 do not apply to conduct engaged in by a party to a freight rate agreement, so far as the conduct gives effect to freight rate charges in the freight rate agreement, if:

                     (a)  the freight rates (including base freight rates, surcharges, rebates and allowances) specified in the freight rate agreement are for inwards liner cargo shipping services provided under a single registered inwards conference agreement after whichever is the later of the following times:

                              (i)  the end of 30 days after the last‑mentioned agreement is finally registered;

                             (ii)  the commencement of Part 2 of Schedule 1 to the Trade Practices Amendment (International Liner Cargo Shipping) Act 2000; and

                     (b)  the parties to the freight rate agreement are the same as the parties to the registered inwards conference agreement.

10.18  Exemption from section 47

             (1)  Section 47 does not apply in relation to conduct engaged in by a party to a registered conference agreement so far as the conduct gives effect to a provision of the agreement in relation to an outwards liner cargo shipping service or an inwards liner cargo shipping service.

             (2)  The exemption provided by subsection (1) does not apply in relation to subsections 47(6) and (7).

10.18A  Exemptions from section 47 for freight rate agreements

             (1)  Section 47 does not apply to conduct engaged in by a party to a freight rate agreement, so far as the conduct gives effect to freight rate charges in the freight rate agreement, if:

                     (a)  the freight rates (including base freight rates, surcharges, rebates and allowances) specified in the freight rate agreement are for outwards liner cargo shipping services provided under a single registered outwards conference agreement after the end of 30 days after the last‑mentioned agreement is finally registered; and

                     (b)  the parties to the freight rate agreement are the same as the parties to the registered outwards conference agreement.

             (2)  Section 47 does not apply to conduct engaged in by a party to a freight rate agreement, so far as the conduct gives effect to freight rate charges in the freight rate agreement, if:

                     (a)  the freight rates (including base freight rates, surcharges, rebates and allowances) specified in the freight rate agreement are for inwards liner cargo shipping services provided under a single registered inwards conference agreement after whichever is the later of the following times:

                              (i)  the end of 30 days after the last‑mentioned agreement is finally registered;

                             (ii)  the commencement of Part 2 of Schedule 1 to the Trade Practices Amendment (International Liner Cargo Shipping) Act 2000; and

                     (b)  the parties to the freight rate agreement are the same as the parties to the registered inwards conference agreement.

             (3)  The exemptions provided by subsections (1) and (2) do not apply in relation to subsections 47(6) and (7).

Subdivision BExemptions relating to loyalty agreements

10.19  Exemptions from sections 44ZZRF, 44ZZRG, 44ZZRJ, 44ZZRK and 45

             (1)  Sections 44ZZRF, 44ZZRJ and 45 do not apply in relation to the making of a contract or arrangement, or the arriving at an understanding, if the contract, arrangement or understanding is a loyalty agreement.

             (2)  Sections 44ZZRG, 44ZZRK and 45 do not apply in relation to conduct engaged in by a party to a loyalty agreement so far as the conduct gives effect to a provision of the agreement in relation to an outwards liner cargo shipping service or an inwards liner cargo shipping service.

10.20  Exemption from section 47

             (1)  Section 47 does not apply in relation to conduct engaged in by a party to a loyalty agreement in relation to another party to the agreement so far as the conduct gives effect to a provision of the agreement in relation to an outwards liner cargo shipping service or an inwards liner cargo shipping service.

             (2)  The exemption provided by subsection (1) does not apply in relation to subsections 47(6) and (7).

10.21  Exemptions cease to apply in relation to a shipper at the shipper’s option

                   The exemptions provided by this Subdivision in relation to the operation of a loyalty agreement cease to apply in relation to conduct engaged in by an ocean carrier in relation to a shipper if the shipper notifies, as prescribed, the Commission and each ocean carrier who is a party to the agreement that the shipper no longer wishes the exemptions to apply.

Subdivision DOther exemptions

10.24  Exemptions from sections 44ZZRF, 44ZZRG, 44ZZRJ, 44ZZRK, 45 and 47 in relation to certain negotiations

             (1)  Sections 44ZZRF, 44ZZRJ, 45 and 47 do not apply in relation to conduct engaged in by an ocean carrier, conference, shipper or designated shipper body so far as the conduct relates to the determination of terms and conditions of loyalty agreements.

             (2)  Sections 44ZZRF, 44ZZRG, 44ZZRJ, 44ZZRK, 45 and 47 do not apply in relation to conduct engaged in by an ocean carrier, conference, shipper or designated shipper body so far as the conduct relates to the obligations of an ocean carrier under any of the following provisions:

                     (a)  section 10.29 (parties to conference agreement to negotiate minimum level of shipping services after provisional registration of agreement);

                     (b)  section 10.41 (parties to registered conference agreement to negotiate