Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

Primary content

Succession to the Crown Act 2015

Authoritative Version
Act No. 23 of 2015 as made
An Act to change the law relating to royal succession and royal marriages, and for related purposes
Administered by: Prime Minister and Cabinet
Originating Bill: Succession to the Crown Bill 2015
Registered 27 Mar 2015
Date of Assent 24 Mar 2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

Succession to the Crown Act 2015

 

No. 23, 2015

 

 

 

 

 

An Act to change the law relating to royal succession and royal marriages, and for related purposes

  

  

  


Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                             2

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 2

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 2

3............ Object of this Act................................................................................ 3

4............ Relationship with Sovereign not affected............................................ 3

5............ Definition of Crown............................................................................ 3

Part 2—Succession to the Crown not to depend on gender                         4

6............ Succession to the Crown not to depend on gender.............................. 4

Part 3—Marriage and succession to the Crown                                                 5

7............ Removal of disqualification arising from marriage to a Roman Catholic  5

8............ Disqualification arising from marriage................................................ 5

9............ Amendments and repeal relating to marriage and succession to the Crown              5

Part 4—Other modifications of parts of the law of the Commonwealth, States and Territories              6

10.......... References to Bill of Rights and Act of Settlement............................. 6

11.......... Union legislation affected by this Act................................................. 6

Part 5—Repeal or amendment of this Act                                                              7

12.......... Repeal or amendment of this Act........................................................ 7

Schedule 1—Further provisions relating to marriage and succession to the Crown        8

Part 1—Amendments relating to marriage to a Roman Catholic            8

Act of Settlement                                                                                                          8

Bill of Rights                                                                                                                 8

Part 2—Repeal of the Royal Marriages Act 1772                                          9

 


 

 

Succession to the Crown Act 2015

No. 23, 2015

 

 

 

An Act to change the law relating to royal succession and royal marriages, and for related purposes

[Assented to 24 March 2015]

Preamble

                   On 28 October 2011, representatives of nations of which Her Majesty is the Sovereign agreed that the rules on succession to, and possession of, the Crown should be changed so as to make succession not depend on gender and to end the disqualification arising from marrying a Roman Catholic.

                   The United Kingdom has further proposed to disqualify certain persons from succeeding to the Crown as a result of marriage, to repeal the Royal Marriages Act 1772 and to validate certain marriages made void by that Act.

                   For the purposes of paragraph 51(xxxviii) of the Constitution the Parliaments of all the States have requested the Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia to enact an Act in the terms, or substantially in the terms, of this Act.

The Parliament of Australia therefore enacts:

Part 1Preliminary

  

1  Short title

                   This Act may be cited as the Succession to the Crown Act 2015.

2  Commencement

             (1)  Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Commencement information

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Provision(s)

Commencement

Date/Details

1.  Sections 1 and 2 and anything in this Act not elsewhere covered by this table

The day this Act receives the Royal Assent.

24 March 2015

2.  Sections 3, 4 and 5

The day this Act receives the Royal Assent.

24 March 2015

3.  Parts 2, 3 and 4

A time and day, or times and days, to be fixed by Proclamation.

26 March 2015

(F2015L00337)

4.  Part 5

The day this Act receives the Royal Assent.

24 March 2015

5.  Schedule 1

A time and day, or times and days, to be fixed by Proclamation.

26 March 2015

(F2015L00337)

Note:          This table relates only to the provisions of this Act as originally enacted. It will not be amended to deal with any later amendments of this Act.

             (2)  Any information in column 3 of the table is not part of this Act. Information may be inserted in this column, or information in it may be edited, in any published version of this Act.

3  Object of this Act

                   The main object of this Act is to change the law relating to the effect of gender and marriage on royal succession, consistently with changes made to that law in the United Kingdom, so that the Sovereign of Australia is the same person as the Sovereign of the United Kingdom.

4  Relationship with Sovereign not affected

                   This Act is not intended to affect the relationship between the Sovereign and the Commonwealth, the States and the Territories as existing immediately before its enactment.

5  Definition of Crown

                   In this Act:

Crown means the Crown in all of its capacities.

Part 2Succession to the Crown not to depend on gender

  

6  Succession to the Crown not to depend on gender

                   In determining the succession to the Crown, the gender of a person born after 28 October 2011 (by United Kingdom time) does not give that person, or that person’s descendants, precedence over any other person (whenever born).

Part 3Marriage and succession to the Crown

  

7  Removal of disqualification arising from marriage to a Roman Catholic

             (1)  A person is not disqualified from succeeding to the Crown or from possessing it as a result of marrying a person of the Roman Catholic faith.

             (2)  Subsection (1) applies in relation to marriages occurring before the commencement of this section if the person concerned is alive at that commencement (as well as in relation to marriages occurring after that commencement).

8  Disqualification arising from marriage

                   A person is disqualified from succeeding to the Crown if the person is disqualified by subsection 3(3) of the Succession to the Crown Act 2013 of the United Kingdom, as in force at the commencement of this section, from succeeding to the Crown in right of the United Kingdom.

9  Amendments and repeal relating to marriage and succession to the Crown

                   Each Act of England or Great Britain that is specified in Schedule 1, so far as that Act is part of the law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory, is amended or repealed as set out in the applicable items in Schedule 1, and any other item in Schedule 1 has effect according to its terms.

Part 4Other modifications of parts of the law of the Commonwealth, States and Territories

  

10  References to Bill of Rights and Act of Settlement

                   References, however expressed, in any law that forms part of the law of the Commonwealth or a Territory, to the provisions of the Bill of Rights or the Act of Settlement relating to succession to, or possession of, the Crown are to be read as including references to the provisions of this Act.

11  Union legislation affected by this Act

                   So far as they are part of the law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory, the following are subject to this Act:

                     (a)  Article II of the Union with Scotland Act 1706 of England;

                     (b)  Article II of the Union with England Act 1707 of Scotland;

                     (c)  Article Second of the Union with Ireland Act 1800 of Great Britain;

                     (d)  Article Second of the Act of Union (Ireland) 1800 of Ireland.

Part 5Repeal or amendment of this Act

  

12  Repeal or amendment of this Act

                   This Act may be expressly or impliedly repealed or amended only by an Act passed at the request or with the concurrence of the Parliaments of all the States.


Schedule 1Further provisions relating to marriage and succession to the Crown

Part 1Amendments relating to marriage to a Roman Catholic

Act of Settlement

1  Preamble

Omit “or marry a papist”.

2  Preamble

Omit “or marrying”.

3  Section 2

Omit “or shall marry a papist”.

Bill of Rights

4  Section 1

Omit “or by any King or Queene marrying a papist”.

5  Section 1

Omit “or shall marry a papist”.

6  Section 1

Omit “or marrying”.

7  Application of amendments

The amendments made by this Part apply in relation to marriages occurring before the commencement of this Part if the person concerned is alive at that commencement (as well as in relation to marriages occurring after that commencement).

Part 2Repeal of the Royal Marriages Act 1772

8  The whole of the Act

Repeal the Act.

9  Validation of some marriages voided by the Royal Marriages Act 1772

(1)       A marriage that was void under the Royal Marriages Act 1772 of Great Britain, so far as that Act was part of the law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory, is to be treated as never having been void if:

                     (a)  neither party to the marriage was one of the 6 persons next in the line of succession to the Crown at the time of the marriage; and

                     (b)  no consent was sought under section 1 of that Act, or notice given under section 2 of that Act, in respect of the marriage; and

                     (c)  in all the circumstances it was reasonable for the person concerned not to have been aware at the time of the marriage that the Act applied to it; and

                     (d)  no person acted, before the commencement of this item, on the basis that the marriage was void.

(2)       Subitem (1) applies for all purposes except those relating to succession to the Crown.

 

 

 

 

[Minister’s second reading speech made in—

House of Representatives on 5 March 2015

Senate on 18 March 2015]

(23/15)