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Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993

Authoritative Version
  • - C2014C00112
  • In force - Superseded Version
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Act No. 78 of 1993 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Statute Law Revision Act 2013
An Act to make provision for the supervision of certain entities engaged in the superannuation industry, and for related purposes
Administered by: Treasury
General Comments: This compilation is affected by retrospective amendments. Please see the Superannuation Laws Amendment (Capital Gains Tax Relief and Other Efficiency Measures) Act 2012 (Act No. 158, 2012) as amended by the Tax and Superannuation Laws Amendment (2014 Measures No. 7) Act 2015 (Act No. 21, 2015) and the Superannuation Legislation Amendment (Further MySuper and Transparency Measures) Act 2012 (Act No. 171 of 2012) as amended by the Tax and Superannuation Laws Amendment (2014 Measures No. 7) Act 2015 (Act No. 21, 2015) for details.
Registered 12 Mar 2014
Start Date 12 Mar 2014
End Date 17 Mar 2014
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Collapse Part 1—PreliminaryPart 1—Preliminary
Collapse Division 1—PreliminaryDivision 1—Preliminary
1 Short title
2 Commencement
3 Object of Act
4 Summary of provisions
6 General administration of Act
7 Application of Act not to be excluded or modified
8 Act extends to external Territories
9 Crown to be bound
9A Application of the Criminal Code
Expand Division 2—InterpretationDivision 2—Interpretation
Expand Part 2A—Licensing of trustees and groups of individual trusteesPart 2A—Licensing of trustees and groups of individual trustees
Expand Part 2B—Registrable superannuation entitiesPart 2B—Registrable superannuation entities
Expand Part 2C—MySuperPart 2C—MySuper
Expand Part 3—Operating standardsPart 3—Operating standards
Expand Part 3A—Prudential standardsPart 3A—Prudential standards
Expand Part 3B—Superannuation data and payment regulations and standardsPart 3B—Superannuation data and payment regulations and standards
Expand Part 4—Accounts, audit and reporting obligations for superannuation entitiesPart 4—Accounts, audit and reporting obligations for superannuation entities
Expand Part 5—Notices about complying fund statusPart 5—Notices about complying fund status
Expand Part 6—Provisions relating to governing rules of superannuation entitiesPart 6—Provisions relating to governing rules of superannuation entities
Expand Part 7—Provisions applying only to regulated superannuation fundsPart 7—Provisions applying only to regulated superannuation funds
Expand Part 8—In-house asset rules applying to regulated superannuation fundsPart 8—In-house asset rules applying to regulated superannuation funds
Expand Part 9—Equal representation of employers and members—employer-sponsored fundsPart 9—Equal representation of employers and members—employer-sponsored funds
Expand Part 10—Provisions applying only to approved deposit fundsPart 10—Provisions applying only to approved deposit funds
Expand Part 11—Provisions applying only to pooled superannuation trustsPart 11—Provisions applying only to pooled superannuation trusts
Expand Part 11A—General fees rulesPart 11A—General fees rules
Expand Part 12—Duties of trustees and investment managers of superannuation entitiesPart 12—Duties of trustees and investment managers of superannuation entities
Expand Part 14—Other provisions applying to superannuation entitiesPart 14—Other provisions applying to superannuation entities
Expand Part 15—Standards for trustees, custodians and investment managers of superannuation entitiesPart 15—Standards for trustees, custodians and investment managers of superannuation entities
Expand Part 16—Actuaries and auditors of superannuation entitiesPart 16—Actuaries and auditors of superannuation entities
Expand Part 17—Suspension or removal of trustee of superannuation entityPart 17—Suspension or removal of trustee of superannuation entity
Expand Part 18—Amalgamation of fundsPart 18—Amalgamation of funds
Expand Part 19—Public offer entities: provisions relating to superannuation interestsPart 19—Public offer entities: provisions relating to superannuation interests
Expand Part 21—Civil and criminal consequences of contravening civil penalty provisionsPart 21—Civil and criminal consequences of contravening civil penalty provisions
Expand Part 22—Infringement noticesPart 22—Infringement notices
Expand Part 23—Financial assistance to certain fundsPart 23—Financial assistance to certain funds
Expand Part 24—Eligible rollover fundsPart 24—Eligible rollover funds
Expand Part 24A—Transitional provisions relating to pre-1 July 1995 automatic rollovers of benefits between fundsPart 24A—Transitional provisions relating to pre-1 July 1995 automatic rollovers of benefits between funds
Expand Part 24B—Provisions relating to the administration by APRA and the Commissioner of Taxation of superannuation funds with fewer than 5 membersPart 24B—Provisions relating to the administration by APRA and the Commissioner of Taxation of superannuation funds with fewer than 5 members
Expand Part 25—Monitoring and investigationPart 25—Monitoring and investigation
Expand Part 25A—Tax file numbersPart 25A—Tax file numbers
Expand Part 26—Offences relating to statements, records etc.Part 26—Offences relating to statements, records etc.
Expand Part 27—Powers of CourtPart 27—Powers of Court
Expand Part 28—ProceedingsPart 28—Proceedings
Expand Part 29—Exemptions and modificationsPart 29—Exemptions and modifications
Expand Part 29A—Protections in relation to informationPart 29A—Protections in relation to information
Expand Part 29B—Employers to give information about superannuation contributionsPart 29B—Employers to give information about superannuation contributions
Expand Part 30—MiscellaneousPart 30—Miscellaneous
Expand Part 32—Additional transitional provisions—tax file numbersPart 32—Additional transitional provisions—tax file numbers
Expand Part 33—Additional transitional provisions relating to MySuperPart 33—Additional transitional provisions relating to MySuper
Expand Part 34—Additional transitional provisions relating to eligible rollover fundsPart 34—Additional transitional provisions relating to eligible rollover funds
Expand EndnotesEndnotes

Commonwealth Coat of Arms

Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993

No. 78, 1993 as amended

Compilation start date:                     12 March 2014

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 103, 2013

 

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993 as in force on 12 March 2014. It includes any commenced amendment affecting the legislation to that date.

This compilation was prepared on 12 March 2014.

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of each amended provision.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not reflected in the text of the compiled law but the text of the amendments is included in the endnotes.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Modifications

If a provision of the compiled law is affected by a modification that is in force, details are included in the endnotes.

Provisions ceasing to have effect

If a provision of the compiled law has expired or otherwise ceased to have effect in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                             1

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                              1

1............................ Short title............................................................................ 1

2............................ Commencement.................................................................. 1

3............................ Object of Act...................................................................... 1

4............................ Summary of provisions...................................................... 2

6............................ General administration of Act............................................. 4

7............................ Application of Act not to be excluded or modified............. 9

8............................ Act extends to external Territories...................................... 9

9............................ Crown to be bound............................................................. 9

9A......................... Application of the Criminal Code....................................... 9

Division 2—Interpretation                                                                                       10

10.......................... Definitions........................................................................ 10

10A....................... Interdependency relationship............................................ 36

11.......................... Approvals, determinations etc. by Regulator.................... 37

11A....................... Approved forms............................................................... 37

11B........................ Electronic lodgment of approved forms............................ 38

11C........................ Declaration required if approved form lodged electronically on trustee’s behalf      39

11D....................... Electronic lodgment—documents other than approved forms  40

11E........................ Approved guarantees........................................................ 40

12.......................... Associates......................................................................... 41

13.......................... Single trustees................................................................... 41

13A....................... RSE licensees that are groups of individual trustees......... 41

14.......................... Indefinitely continuing fund—application of rules against perpetuities    43

15.......................... Approved deposit funds—payments by trustees.............. 43

15A....................... Definitions of employee and employer.............................. 44

15B........................ Modified meaning of member.......................................... 45

16.......................... Definitions associated with employer‑sponsorship........... 45

17A....................... Definition of self managed superannuation fund............. 47

17B........................ Definition of self managed superannuation fund—remuneration of trustees etc.    51

18.......................... Public offer superannuation fund...................................... 52

19.......................... Regulated superannuation fund......................................... 55

20.......................... Related bodies corporate................................................... 57

20A....................... Resident approved deposit funds...................................... 57

20B........................ Accrued default amounts.................................................. 58

Part 2A—Licensing of trustees and groups of individual trustees        61

Division 1—Object of this Part                                                                             61

29A....................... Object of this Part and the relationship of this Part to other provisions    61

Division 2—Classes of RSE licences                                                                   63

29B........................ Classes of RSE licences.................................................... 63

Division 3—Applying for RSE licences                                                             65

29C........................ Applications for RSE licences.......................................... 65

29CA..................... APRA may request further information............................ 66

29CB..................... Period etc. for deciding applications from existing trustees in licensing transition period        67

29CC..................... Period for deciding other applications............................... 68

Division 4—Grant of RSE licences                                                                      70

29D....................... Grant of RSE licences....................................................... 70

29DB..................... Notice of class of licence.................................................. 71

29DC..................... Documents required to bear ABNs................................... 71

29DD.................... Licence period................................................................... 72

29DE..................... APRA to give notice of refusal of applications................. 72

Division 5—Conditions on RSE licences                                                           73

29E........................ Conditions imposed on all licences and on groups of licences 73

29EA..................... Additional conditions imposed on individual licences by APRA             77

29EB..................... Directions to comply with licence conditions.................... 78

Division 6—Varying RSE licences                                                                       79

29F........................ Applications for variation of RSE licences....................... 79

29FA..................... APRA may request further information............................ 79

29FB..................... Period for deciding applications........................................ 80

29FC..................... APRA may vary RSE licences in accordance with applications               80

29FD..................... APRA may vary or revoke licence conditions on its own initiative         81

29FE...................... Notification of APRA’s decisions under this Division..... 82

29FF...................... When variations or revocations come into force etc.......... 83

Division 7—Cancelling RSE licences                                                                  84

29G....................... Cancellation of RSE licences............................................ 84

29GA.................... Cancellation of RSE licences of financial services licensees 84

29GB..................... APRA may allow RSE licence to continue in effect......... 85

Division 9—Offences and self‑incrimination                                                  86

29J......................... Being trustee of a registrable superannuation entity while unlicensed etc.                86

29JA...................... Failing to notify breach of licence condition..................... 87

29JB...................... Not complying with direction to comply with licence conditions             88

29JCA................... False representation about status as RSE licensee............. 88

29JD...................... Breach does not affect validity of issue of superannuation interests etc.  89

Part 2B—Registrable superannuation entities                                                   90

Division 1—Object of this Part                                                                             90

29K........................ Object etc. of this Part....................................................... 90

Division 2—Applying for registration                                                               91

29L........................ Applications for registration............................................. 91

29LA..................... APRA may request further information............................ 92

29LB..................... Period for deciding applications for registration............... 93

Division 3—Registration                                                                                           94

29M....................... Registration of registrable superannuation entity.............. 94

29MA.................... Notice of registration........................................................ 94

29MB.................... Documents required to bear ABNs................................... 94

29MC.................... APRA to give notice of refusal of applications................. 95

Division 4—Cancelling registration                                                                    96

29N....................... Cancelling registration...................................................... 96

Part 2C—MySuper                                                                                                             97

Division 1—Object of this Part                                                                             97

29R........................ Object of this Part............................................................. 97

Division 2—Applying for authority                                                                    98

29S........................ Application for authority to offer a MySuper product...... 98

29SAA.................. Election to transfer accrued default amounts................... 100

29SAB.................. Election to transfer assets attributed to a MySuper product if authorisation cancelled              101

29SAC.................. Election not to charge MySuper members for payment of conflicted remuneration 102

29SA..................... APRA may request further information.......................... 103

29SB..................... Period for deciding applications for authority................. 103

Division 3—Authority                                                                                              105

29T........................ Authority to offer a MySuper product............................ 105

29TA..................... Product in another fund in which there is already material goodwill        106

29TB..................... MySuper products for large employers.......................... 107

29TC..................... Characteristics of a MySuper product............................. 108

29TD..................... Notice of authority.......................................................... 111

29TE...................... APRA to give notice of refusal of authority................... 111

Division 4—Cancelling authority                                                                       112

29U....................... Cancelling authority to offer MySuper product.............. 112

29UA.................... Cancellation of authority of an RSE licensee that is also a financial services licensee              114

29UB..................... APRA may allow authority to continue in effect............ 115

Division 5—Fees rules for MySuper products                                            116

29V....................... Fees that may be charged in relation to a MySuper product 116

29VA.................... Charging rules................................................................ 118

29VB..................... Administration fee exemption for employees of an employer‑sponsor    122

29VC..................... Activity fees and insurance fees to be charged on a cost recovery basis  124

29VD.................... Performance‑based fees.................................................. 124

29VE..................... Percentage‑based administration fees may be capped..... 126

Division 6—Trustee obligations relating to MySuper                             127

29VN.................... Additional obligations of a trustee in relation to a MySuper product       127

29VO.................... Additional obligations of a director of a corporate trustee in relation to a MySuper product    128

29VP..................... Contravention of section 29VN...................................... 128

29VPA.................. Contravention of section 29VO...................................... 129

29VQ.................... Governing rules void to the extent that they are inconsistent with obligations under section 29VN or 29VO........................................................................................ 129

Division 7—Offences                                                                                                 130

29W....................... Offering a product as a MySuper product when not authorised to do so 130

29WA.................... Contributions in relation to which no election is made are to be paid into MySuper product   130

29WB.................... Contributions by large employer in relation to which no election is made to be paid into large employer MySuper product............................................................ 132

Division 8—Other matters                                                                                     135

29X....................... Prudential standards dealing with accrued default amounts 135

29XA.................... Prudential standards dealing with assets attributed to former MySuper products    135

29XB..................... No liability for certain transfers...................................... 136

29XC..................... Public sector superannuation scheme ceases to be exempt 136

Part 3—Operating standards                                                                                      137

Division 1—Object of Part                                                                                    137

30.......................... Object of Part.................................................................. 137

Division 2—Operating standards                                                                       138

31.......................... Operating standards for regulated superannuation funds 138

32.......................... Operating standards for approved deposit funds............ 139

33.......................... Operating standards for pooled superannuation trusts.... 140

33A....................... Relationship between operating standards, this Act and the regulations   141

34.......................... Prescribed operating standards must be complied with... 142

Division 3—Portability forms                                                                              143

34A....................... Portability forms............................................................. 143

Part 3A—Prudential standards                                                                                 144

34B........................ Object of this Part........................................................... 144

34C........................ APRA may determine prudential standards.................. 144

34D....................... Relationship between prudential standards, this Act and the regulations  147

34E........................ Notice of determination, variation or revocation of certain prudential standards      147

34F........................ APRA to monitor prudential matters.............................. 148

Part 3B—Superannuation data and payment regulations and standards              149

Division 1—Superannuation data and payment regulations and standards        149

34H....................... Object of Part.................................................................. 149

34J......................... Alternative constitutional basis....................................... 149

34K........................ Superannuation data and payment regulations and standards 149

34L........................ Relationship between standards and other law................ 151

Division 2—Compliance with superannuation data and payment regulations and standards   152

34M....................... Compliance requirement—trustees of eligible superannuation entities     152

34N....................... Compliance requirement—employers............................. 152

34P........................ Regulator’s power to give directions in certain circumstances—trustees of eligible superannuation entities........................................................................................ 153

34Q....................... Regulator’s power to give directions in certain circumstances—employers             154

Division 3—Infringement notices                                                                       157

34R........................ When an infringement notice may be given.................... 157

34S........................ Matters to be included in notice...................................... 157

34T........................ Extension of time to pay amount..................................... 158

34U....................... Withdrawal of an infringement notice............................. 159

34V....................... Effect of payment of amount........................................... 160

34W....................... Effect of this Division..................................................... 161

Division 4—Information                                                                                         162

Subdivision A—Correction and rectification of information                    162

34X....................... Correction and rectification of information..................... 162

Subdivision B—Register of information about certain funds and schemes 162

34Y....................... Register of information about certain funds and schemes 162

34Z........................ Trustees to provide information for inclusion in register 163

Part 4—Accounts, audit and reporting obligations for superannuation entities 164

Division 1—Objects                                                                                                   164

35.......................... Objects of Part................................................................ 164

Division 2—Obligations for registrable superannuation entities      165

35A....................... Accounting records......................................................... 165

35AB..................... Auditor requests for documents...................................... 167

35AC..................... Appointed auditor’s functions and duties....................... 167

35AD.................... Appointed actuary’s functions and duties....................... 168

Division 3—Obligations for self managed superannuation funds     170

35AE..................... Accounting records......................................................... 170

35B........................ Accounts and statements................................................. 171

35C........................ Audit of accounts and statements.................................... 172

35D....................... Trustee to lodge annual returns....................................... 173

Part 5—Notices about complying fund status                                                  175

Division 1—Objects and interpretation                                                          175

37.......................... Objects of Part................................................................ 175

38.......................... Meaning of entity............................................................ 175

Division 2—The Regulator may give notices about complying fund status         176

38A....................... Meaning of regulatory provision.................................... 176

39.......................... Meaning of contravention............................................... 177

40.......................... Notices by the Regulator to trustee................................. 177

41.......................... When the Regulator obliged to give notice of compliance 179

42.......................... Complying superannuation fund..................................... 180

42A....................... Complying superannuation fund—fund that has been a self managed superannuation fund at any time during a year................................................................................. 185

43.......................... Complying approved deposit fund.................................. 190

44.......................... Pooled superannuation trust............................................ 191

Division 3—Complying fund status for tax purposes                              193

45.......................... Complying superannuation fund..................................... 193

46.......................... Complying superannuation scheme—superannuation guarantee charge  194

47.......................... Complying approved deposit fund.................................. 194

48.......................... Pooled superannuation trust............................................ 195

49.......................... Transitional—notices under the repealed provisions of the Occupational Superannuation Standards Act 1987........................................................................................ 196

50.......................... Transitional—late lodgment of elections by trustees of superannuation funds         199

Part 6—Provisions relating to governing rules of superannuation entities             202

51.......................... Object of Part.................................................................. 202

51A....................... Covenants are cumulative............................................... 202

52.......................... Covenants to be included in governing rules—registrable superannuation entities  202

52A....................... Covenants relating to directors to be included in governing rules—registrable superannuation entities   206

52B........................ Covenants to be included in governing rules—self managed superannuation funds                208

52C........................ Covenant relating to directors to be included in governing rules—self managed superannuation funds  210

53.......................... Covenants to repay amounts to beneficiaries in approved deposit funds  211

54.......................... Prerequisites to variation of repayment period................ 212

54A....................... Regulations may prescribe other covenants.................... 213

55.......................... Consequences of contravention of covenant................... 214

55A....................... Rules about cashing benefits after death of members...... 215

55B........................ Governing rules do not prevent giving effect to certain elections             216

55C........................ Governing rules do not prevent transfer from pre‑MySuper default option to MySuper product            216

56.......................... Indemnification of trustee from assets of entity.............. 217

57.......................... Indemnification of directors of trustee from assets of entity 218

58.......................... Trustee not to be subject to direction............................... 219

58A....................... Service providers and investments cannot be limited to particular persons or associates         220

58B........................ Service providers and investments.................................. 221

59.......................... Exercise of discretion by person other than trustee......... 221

60.......................... Amendment of governing rules...................................... 222

60A....................... Dismissal of trustee of public offer entity....................... 223

Part 7—Provisions applying only to regulated superannuation funds 224

61.......................... Object of Part.................................................................. 224

62.......................... Sole purpose test............................................................. 224

62A....................... Self managed superannuation funds—investment in collectables and personal use assets       226

63.......................... Certain regulated superannuation funds not to accept employer contributions in certain circumstances   227

64.......................... Superannuation contributions—deductions from salary or wages to be remitted promptly      231

64A....................... Compliance with determinations of the Superannuation Complaints Tribunal         232

65.......................... Lending to members of regulated superannuation fund prohibited           233

66.......................... Acquisitions of certain assets from members of regulated superannuation funds prohibited   234

67.......................... Borrowing...................................................................... 238

67A....................... Limited recourse borrowing arrangements...................... 241

67B........................ Limited recourse borrowing arrangements—replacement assets              243

68.......................... Victimisation of trustees etc............................................ 245

68AA.................... Benefits for permanent incapacity and death—MySuper members          248

68A....................... Conduct relating to fund membership............................. 250

68C........................ Voting by a director of a corporate trustee—governing rules.. 251

68D....................... Voting by an individual trustee—governing rules.......... 252

Part 8—In‑house asset rules applying to regulated superannuation funds            253

Division 1—Object and interpretation                                                            253

Subdivision A—General                                                                                       253

69.......................... Object of Part.................................................................. 253

69A....................... Sub‑funds to be treated as funds..................................... 253

70A....................... The Regulator may determine a person to be a standard employer‑sponsor             253

Subdivision B—Part 8 associates                                                                       254

70B........................ Part 8 associates of individuals....................................... 254

70C........................ Part 8 associates of companies........................................ 254

70D....................... Part 8 associates of partnerships..................................... 255

70E........................ Meanings of terms used in sections 70B, 70C and 70D. 256

Subdivision C—In‑house assets                                                                           257

71.......................... Meaning of in‑house asset.............................................. 257

Subdivision D—Transitional arrangements in relation to in‑house assets 261

71A....................... Exceptions—pre‑11 August 1999 investments and loans 261

71B........................ Exceptions—pre‑11 August 1999 leases and lease arrangements            263

71C........................ Exceptions—transition period......................................... 264

71D....................... Exception—reinvestments.............................................. 265

71E........................ Exception—certain geared investments........................... 266

71EA..................... Relationship breakdowns................................................ 268

71F........................ Meaning of certain terms used in Subdivision D............ 270

Subdivision E—Other provisions in relation to in‑house assets                 271

72.......................... How this Part applies if there are 2 or more employer‑sponsors of whom at least one is an unrelated employer‑sponsor........................................................... 271

73.......................... Cost of in‑house asset..................................................... 272

74.......................... Historical cost ratio of fund’s in‑house assets................ 273

75.......................... Market value ratio of fund’s in‑house assets.................. 273

Division 2—Historical cost ratio of fund’s in‑house assets                  274

76.......................... Private sector funds established on or after 12 March 1985—historical cost ratio for the 1994‑95 year of income............................................................................ 274

77.......................... Private sector funds established before 12 March 1985—historical cost ratio for the 1994‑95 year of income........................................................................................ 274

78.......................... Public sector funds established on or after 1 July 1990—historical cost ratio for the 1994‑95 year of income........................................................................................ 274

79.......................... Public sector funds established before 1 July 1990—historical cost ratio for the 1994‑95 year of income........................................................................................ 275

80.......................... All funds—historical cost ratio for the 1995‑96 year of income, the 1996‑97 year of income and the 1997‑98 year of income................................................................ 275

Division 3—Market value ratio of fund’s in‑house assets                     276

80A....................... Division not applicable to certain funds.......................... 276

81.......................... All funds—market value ratio for the 1998‑99 year of income and the 1999‑2000 year of income         276

82.......................... All funds—market value ratio for the 2000‑2001 year of income and later years of income    276

83.......................... Certain new in‑house asset investments prohibited......... 277

Division 3A—Limit on in‑house assets of certain defined benefit funds                278

83A....................... Definitions...................................................................... 278

83B........................ Application of Division.................................................. 280

83C........................ Maximum permitted market value of in‑house assets..... 280

83D....................... Limit on in‑house assets................................................. 280

83E........................ Acquisition of in‑house assets prohibited in certain circumstances          281

Division 4—Enforcement                                                                                        282

84.......................... In‑house asset rules must be complied with.................... 282

Division 5—Anti‑avoidance                                                                                   283

85.......................... Prohibition of avoidance schemes................................... 283

Part 9—Equal representation of employers and members—employer‑sponsored funds             285

86.......................... Object of Part.................................................................. 285

87.......................... Consequences of non‑compliance with this Part............. 285

88.......................... This Part does not apply if acting trustee appointed under Part 17           285

89.......................... Basic equal representation rules...................................... 285

90.......................... Pre‑1 July 1995 rules—funds with fewer than 200 members  287

91.......................... Pre‑1 July 1995 rules—funds with 200 or more members 288

92.......................... Post‑30 June 1995 rules—funds with more than 4, but fewer than 50, members    289

93.......................... Post‑30 June 1995 rules—funds with more than 49 members 291

93A....................... A trustee who is an employer‑sponsor of a fund may still be an independent trustee              293

Part 10—Provisions applying only to approved deposit funds              295

94.......................... Object of Part.................................................................. 295

95.......................... Borrowing...................................................................... 295

Part 11—Provisions applying only to pooled superannuation trusts 297

96.......................... Object of Part.................................................................. 297

97.......................... Borrowing...................................................................... 297

98.......................... Lending to unit‑holders prohibited.................................. 298

99.......................... Civil penalty provisions.................................................. 298

Part 11A—General fees rules                                                                                     299

99A....................... Application..................................................................... 299

99B........................ No entry fees.................................................................. 299

99C........................ Buy‑sell spreads, switching fees and exit fees to be charged on a cost recovery basis             299

99D....................... Cost of advice to employers not to be borne by members 299

99E........................ Fair and reasonable attribution of costs between classes of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund................................................................................ 300

99F........................ Cost of financial product advice...................................... 300

Part 12—Duties of trustees and investment managers of superannuation entities            302

100........................ Object of Part.................................................................. 302

101........................ Duty to establish arrangements for dealing with inquiries or complaints 302

102........................ Duty to seek information from investment manager....... 304

103........................ Duty to keep minutes and records................................... 305

104........................ Duty to keep records of changes of trustees................... 306

104A..................... Trustees etc. of self managed superannuation fund—recognition of obligations and responsibilities      306

105........................ Duty to keep reports....................................................... 307

106........................ Duty to notify the Regulator of significant adverse events 308

106A..................... Duty to notify Commissioner of Taxation of change in status of entity   309

107........................ Duty of trustee of employer‑sponsored fund to establish procedure for appointing member representatives........................................................................................ 309

108........................ Duty of trustee of employer‑sponsored fund to establish procedure for appointing independent trustee or independent member of board of directors of corporate trustee                311

108A..................... Trustee’s duty to identify etc. multiple superannuation accounts of members          312

109........................ Investments of superannuation entity to be made and maintained on arm’s length basis          313

Part 14—Other provisions applying to superannuation entities           315

114........................ Object of Part.................................................................. 315

115........................ Trustee of superannuation entity may maintain reserves. 315

116........................ Agreement between trustee and investment manager...... 315

117........................ Circumstances in which amounts may be paid out of an employer‑sponsored fund to an employer‑sponsor........................................................................................ 316

118........................ Consents to appointments............................................... 320

Part 15—Standards for trustees, custodians and investment managers of superannuation entities      321

Division 1—Object of Part and definition of disqualified person      321

119........................ Object of Part.................................................................. 321

120........................ Disqualified persons....................................................... 321

Division 2—Requirements for custodians and investment managers 323

122........................ Investment manager must not appoint or engage custodian without the trustee’s consent        323

123........................ Persons who may be appointed to be custodians of superannuation entities            323

124........................ Investment managers must be appointed in writing........ 325

125........................ Individuals not to be investment managers of superannuation entities     326

Division 3—Disqualified persons                                                                        327

Subdivision A—Disqualification by the Commissioner of Taxation        327

126........................ Application of this Subdivision...................................... 327

126A..................... The Regulator may disqualify individuals....................... 327

126B...................... Application for waiver of disqualified status.................. 328

126C...................... Application must be decided within a period of time...... 330

126D..................... Notifying of the outcome of an application..................... 330

126E...................... The effect of seeking a waiver of disqualified person status 332

126F...................... The Regulator’s powers to seek further material............. 333

Subdivision B—Disqualification by the Federal Court of Australia        334

126G..................... Application of this Subdivision...................................... 334

126H..................... Court power of disqualification...................................... 334

126J....................... Court power to revoke or vary a disqualification etc....... 336

Subdivision C—Other matters relating to disqualification                         337

126K...................... Disqualified persons not to be trustees, investment managers or custodians of superannuation entities  337

126L...................... Privilege against exposure to penalty—disqualification under section 126A, 126H or 130D  339

Division 4—Non‑compliance not to invalidate appointment or transaction        341

127........................ Non‑compliance not to invalidate appointment or transaction  341

Part 16—Actuaries and auditors of superannuation entities                  342

Division 1—Object of Part                                                                                    342

128........................ Object of Part.................................................................. 342

Division 1A—Approved SMSF auditors                                                         343

Subdivision A—Registration of approved SMSF auditors                          343

128A..................... Application for registration as an approved SMSF auditor 343

128B...................... Registration as an approved SMSF auditor.................... 343

128C...................... Competency examinations.............................................. 345

128D..................... Conditions on registration............................................... 345

128E...................... Cancelling registration.................................................... 346

Subdivision B—Obligations of approved SMSF auditors                           347

128F...................... Professional obligations of approved SMSF auditors.... 347

128G..................... Annual statements........................................................... 347

128H..................... Notification of certain matters......................................... 348

Subdivision C—Registers                                                                                     348

128J....................... Register of Approved SMSF Auditors........................... 348

128K...................... Register of Disqualified SMSF Auditors....................... 349

Subdivision D—Fees                                                                                              350

128L...................... Fees imposed under the Superannuation Auditor Registration Imposition Act 2012               350

128M..................... Fees for inspection or search.......................................... 351

Subdivision E—Miscellaneous                                                                            352

128N..................... ASIC may disclose information to the Commissioner of Taxation          352

128P...................... Commissioner of Taxation may refer matters to ASIC... 352

128Q..................... Competency standards.................................................... 353

Division 2—Obligations of actuaries and auditors                                   354

129........................ Obligations of actuaries and auditors—compliance........ 354

130........................ Obligations of actuaries and auditors—solvency............ 357

130A..................... Auditor or actuary may give information to the Regulator 359

130B...................... Self incrimination............................................................ 359

130BA................... Auditor must notify the Regulator of attempts to unduly influence etc. the auditor etc.            360

130BB................... Giving false or misleading information to auditor........... 360

130C...................... Actuaries and auditors—failure to implement actuarial recommendations                362

Division 3—Disqualifying and removing actuaries and auditors      365

130D..................... Court power of disqualification...................................... 365

130E...................... Court power to revoke or vary a disqualification etc....... 366

130F...................... Approved SMSF auditors—disqualification and suspension orders       367

131........................ Actuaries—disqualification orders.................................. 369

131AA.................. APRA may direct removal of auditor or actuary............. 372

Division 4—Offences and failure to carry out duties etc.                     375

131A..................... The Regulator may refer matters to a professional association 375

131B...................... Offence of holding oneself out as an actuary or auditor.. 376

131C...................... Disqualified persons not to be auditor or actuary of superannuation entities            377

Part 17—Suspension or removal of trustee of superannuation entity 379

132........................ Object of Part.................................................................. 379

133........................ Suspension or removal of trustee of superannuation entity 379

134........................ APRA to appoint acting trustee in cases of suspension or removal         380

135........................ Terms and conditions of appointment of acting trustee... 381

136........................ Termination of appointment of acting trustee.................. 382

137........................ Resignation of acting trustee........................................... 382

138........................ Property vesting orders................................................... 382

139........................ Powers of acting trustee.................................................. 384

139A..................... Acting trustee authorised to offer a MySuper product.... 384

139B...................... Acting trustee authorised to operate an eligible rollover fund.. 384

140........................ Acting trustee to notify appointment to beneficiaries...... 385

141........................ The Regulator may give directions to acting trustee........ 385

141A..................... Property vested in acting trustee—former trustee’s obligations relating to books, identification of property and transfer of property......................................................... 385

142........................ The Regulator may formulate a scheme for the winding‑up or dissolution, or both, of a superannuation entity........................................................................................ 387

Part 18—Amalgamation of funds                                                                            389

143........................ Object of Part.................................................................. 389

144........................ Benefits may be transferred to a new fund with APRA’s approval etc.   389

145........................ Application for approval of transfer................................ 389

146........................ Approval of transfer....................................................... 390

147........................ Cessation of rights against transferor fund..................... 391

Part 19—Public offer entities: provisions relating to superannuation interests   392

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                          392

151........................ Contravention of Part does not affect validity of issue of superannuation interest etc.             392

Division 2—Issuing, offering etc. superannuation interests in public offer entities         393

152........................ Limitation on issuing, offering etc. superannuation interests in public offer entities                393

154........................ Commission and brokerage............................................ 394

155........................ Fair dealing on issue or redemption of a superannuation interest             394

156........................ Civil liability where subsection 155(2) contravened....... 395

Part 21—Civil and criminal consequences of contravening civil penalty provisions        396

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                          396

192........................ Object of Part.................................................................. 396

193........................ Civil penalty provisions.................................................. 396

194........................ Person involved in contravening a provision taken to have contravened the provision            397

195........................ When a court is taken to find a person guilty of an offence 397

Division 2—Civil penalty orders                                                                        398

196........................ Court may make civil penalty orders............................... 398

197........................ Who may apply for civil penalty order............................ 398

198........................ Time limit for application................................................ 399

199........................ Application for civil penalty order is a civil proceeding.. 399

200........................ Enforcement of order to pay monetary penalty............... 399

201........................ The Regulator may require a person to give assistance in connection with application for civil penalty order........................................................................................ 399

Division 3—Criminal proceedings                                                                     401

202........................ When contravention of civil penalty provisions is an offence  401

203........................ Application for civil penalty order precludes later criminal proceedings  401

Division 4—Effect of criminal proceedings on application for civil penalty order         402

204........................ When Division applies.................................................... 402

205........................ Effect during criminal proceedings................................. 402

206........................ Final outcome precluding applications for civil penalty order  402

207........................ Final outcome not precluding application for civil penalty order              403

208........................ After unsuccessful committal proceeding, court may preclude application for civil penalty order            404

209........................ Application for civil penalty order based on alternative verdict at jury trial              404

210........................ Application for civil penalty order based on alternative finding by court of summary jurisdiction           405

211........................ Application for civil penalty order based on alternative finding by appeal court      405

212........................ After setting aside declaration, court may preclude application for civil penalty order             406

213........................ On unsuccessful appeal against declaration, Court may make civil penalty orders   406

214........................ Appeals under this Division........................................... 406

Division 5—Compensation for loss suffered by superannuation entity 407

215........................ On application for civil penalty order, Court may order compensation    407

216........................ Criminal court may order compensation......................... 407

217........................ Enforcement of order under section 215 or 216.............. 408

218........................ Recovery of profits, and compensation for loss, resulting from contravention        408

219........................ Effect of sections 215, 216 and 218................................ 409

220........................ Certificates evidencing contravention.............................. 409

Division 6—Miscellaneous                                                                                     411

221........................ Relief from liability for contravention of civil penalty provision              411

222........................ Part does not limit power to award punitive damages..... 412

Part 22—Infringement notices                                                                                   413

Division 1—Overview                                                                                              413

223........................ Simplified outline............................................................ 413

223A..................... Provisions subject to an infringement notice.................. 413

223B...................... Infringement officer........................................................ 414

223C...................... Chair of APRA may determine infringement officers..... 415

223D..................... Relevant chief executive................................................... 415

Division 2—Infringement notices                                                                       417

224........................ When an infringement notice may be given.................... 417

224A..................... Matters to be included in an infringement notice............. 417

224B...................... Extension of time to pay amount..................................... 419

224C...................... Withdrawal of an infringement notice............................. 420

224D..................... Effect of payment of amount........................................... 422

224E...................... Effect of this Part............................................................ 423

Part 23—Financial assistance to certain funds                                                424

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                          424

227........................ Object of Part.................................................................. 424

228........................ Interpretation................................................................... 424

229........................ Application for assistance............................................... 424

230........................ Minister may request additional information................... 425

230A..................... APRA to advise Minister in relation to application for assistance            425

Division 2—Determination of applications for financial assistance 427

231........................ Minister may grant financial assistance........................... 427

232........................ Maximum amount of financial assistance....................... 427

233........................ Financial assistance to be subject to conditions............... 428

Division 3—Repayment of financial assistance                                          429

238........................ Financial assistance to be repaid in certain circumstances 429

239........................ Minister may remit liability............................................. 429

240........................ Repayable grant to have priority over other debts........... 429

Part 24—Eligible rollover funds                                                                               430

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                          430

241........................ Object of this Part........................................................... 430

242........................ Interpretation................................................................... 430

Division 2—Authority to operate an eligible rollover fund                 431

Subdivision A—Applying for authority                                                           431

242A..................... Application for authority to operate an eligible rollover fund 431

242B...................... Election to transfer amounts held in eligible rollover fund if authorisation cancelled               432

242C...................... Election not to charge members of eligible rollover fund for payment of conflicted remuneration           433

242D..................... APRA may request further information.......................... 434

242E...................... Period for deciding applications for authority................. 434

Subdivision B—Authority                                                                                    435

242F...................... Authority to operate an eligible rollover fund................. 435

242G..................... Notice of authority.......................................................... 436

242H..................... APRA to give notice of refusal of authority................... 436

Subdivision C—Cancelling authority                                                               436

242J....................... Cancelling authority to operate eligible rollover fund...... 436

Subdivision D—Trustee obligations relating to eligible rollover funds  438

242K...................... Additional obligations of a trustee in relation to an eligible rollover fund                438

242L...................... Additional obligations of a director of a corporate trustee in relation to an eligible rollover fund             438

242M..................... Contravention of section 242K or 242L.......................... 438

242N..................... Governing rules void to the extent that they are inconsistent with obligations under section 242K or 242L........................................................................................ 438

Subdivision E—Miscellaneous                                                                            439

242P...................... Operating a fund as an eligible rollover fund when not authorised to do so             439

242Q..................... Prudential standards dealing with amounts held in eligible rollover funds               439

242R...................... No liability for giving effect to a section 242B election.. 440

Division 3—Facility to pay benefits to eligible rollover funds            441

243........................ Payment of benefits to eligible rollover fund.................. 441

244........................ Operating standards for transferor funds—information and records        442

248........................ Claims for benefits.......................................................... 443

Part 24A—Transitional provisions relating to pre‑1 July 1995 automatic rollovers of benefits between funds                                                                                                                       444

249........................ Object of Part.................................................................. 444

250........................ Definitions...................................................................... 444

251........................ Rights of beneficiary to rolled‑over benefits................... 444

252........................ Claims to rolled‑over benefits......................................... 445

Part 24B—Provisions relating to the administration by APRA and the Commissioner of Taxation of superannuation funds with fewer than 5 members                   446

Division 1—Monitoring of superannuation funds with fewer than 5 members 446

252A..................... APRA or Commissioner of Taxation may request certain information    446

Division 3—Transitional and savings provisions relating to the regulation of self managed superannuation funds by the Commissioner of Taxation 448

252D..................... Definition........................................................................ 448

252E...................... Instruments made or issued by APRA or by the Commissioner of Taxation           448

252F...................... Obligations owed by or to APRA or the Commissioner of Taxation       449

252G..................... Outstanding annual returns and amounts........................ 451

252H..................... Regulations..................................................................... 455

Part 25—Monitoring and investigation                                                                456

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                          456

253........................ Objects of Part................................................................ 456

253A..................... Notices may be given to former relevant persons........... 457

Division 2—Monitoring                                                                                           458

254........................ Information to be given to Regulator.............................. 458

255........................ Regulator may require production of books.................... 459

256........................ Access to premises......................................................... 460

256A..................... Alternative constitutional basis....................................... 460

Division 3—APRA may require trustee of superannuation entity to appoint an individual, or a committee, to investigate the financial position of the entity             461

257........................ Investigation of financial position of superannuation entity 461

258........................ Qualifications of investigator or investigators................. 461

259........................ APRA may veto appointment of investigator or investigators 461

260........................ Deadline for receipt of report.......................................... 462

261........................ Contents of report etc...................................................... 463

262........................ Trustee must comply with requirements......................... 463

Division 3A—Regulator may accept and enforce undertakings       464

262A..................... Acceptance and enforcement of undertakings................. 464

Division 4—Investigations by Regulator                                                       465

263........................ Investigations of superannuation entities, approved SMSF auditors and the conduct of certain audits    465

264........................ Power of Regulator to obtain information or freeze assets 466

265........................ Inspectors....................................................................... 468

266........................ Delegation by inspector.................................................. 469

267........................ Regulator may exercise powers of inspector................... 469

268........................ Inspector may enter premises for purposes of an investigation                469

269........................ Inspector may require production of books.................... 470

270........................ Powers of inspector to require assistance from, and examine, current and former relevant persons and other persons........................................................................... 470

271........................ Application for warrant to seize books not produced...... 471

272........................ Grant of warrant............................................................. 471

273........................ Powers if books produced or seized............................... 472

274........................ Powers if books not produced........................................ 474

275........................ Power to require person to identify property of superannuation entity     474

Division 5—Examinations                                                                                      476

276........................ Application of Division.................................................. 476

277........................ Requirements made of an examinee................................ 476

278........................ Examination to be in private............................................ 476

279........................ Examinee’s lawyer may attend........................................ 477

280........................ Record of examination.................................................... 477

281........................ Giving copies of record to other persons........................ 477

282........................ Copies given subject to conditions.................................. 478

283........................ Record to accompany report........................................... 478

Division 6—Reports                                                                                                  480

284........................ Report of inspector......................................................... 480

Division 7—Offences                                                                                                 482

285........................ Compliance with requirements made under this Act....... 482

286........................ Concealing books relevant to investigation..................... 482

287........................ Self‑incrimination........................................................... 482

288........................ Legal professional privilege............................................ 484

289........................ Powers of Court where non‑compliance with this Act... 485

Division 8—Evidentiary use of certain material                                        486

290........................ Statements made at an examination: proceedings against examinee          486

291........................ Statements made at an examination: other proceedings... 487

292........................ Weight of evidence admitted under section 291.............. 488

293........................ Objection to admission of statements made at examination 489

294........................ Copies of, or extracts from, certain books...................... 490

295........................ Report under Division 6................................................. 491

296........................ Exceptions to admissibility of report............................... 491

297........................ Material otherwise admissible......................................... 492

Division 9—Miscellaneous                                                                                     493

298........................ Regulator may cause civil proceeding to be begun.......... 493

298A..................... Authorisation of members of staff.................................. 493

299........................ Person complying with requirement not to incur liability to another person             493

Part 25A—Tax file numbers                                                                                       494

Division 1—Quotation of employee’s tax file number                            494

299A..................... Employee may quote to employer................................... 494

299B...................... Employer may inform trustee of tax file number............. 494

299C...................... Employer must inform trustee of tax file number............ 494

299CA................... Use of tax file number to validate information................ 495

Division 2—Quotation, use and transfer of beneficiary’s tax file number           497

299D..................... Eligible superannuation entity or regulated exempt public sector superannuation scheme beneficiary, or applicant, may quote tax file number............................... 497

299E...................... Trustee may request beneficiary’s or applicant’s tax file number             497

299F...................... Trustee must request person who is beneficiary at commencement to quote tax file number   497

299G..................... Trustee must request person becoming beneficiary after commencement to quote tax file number          500

299H..................... Use of tax file number for certain purposes—beneficiaries of eligible superannuation entities                501

299J....................... Use of tax file number for certain purposes—beneficiaries of regulated exempt public sector superannuation scheme............................................................................ 502

299K...................... Use of tax file number for certain purposes—applicants to become beneficiaries of eligible superannuation entities............................................................................. 503

299L...................... Use of tax file number for certain purposes—applicants to become beneficiaries of regulated exempt public sector superannuation schemes....................................... 504

299LA................... Use of tax file number to locate amounts or for consolidation 505

299LB................... Use of tax file number to validate information................ 506

299M..................... Trustee of eligible superannuation entity must inform RSA provider or other trustee of tax file number for certain purposes.............................................................. 507

299N..................... Trustee of regulated exempt public sector superannuation scheme may inform RSA provider or other trustee of tax file number for certain purposes........................... 508

299NA.................. Portability forms............................................................. 509

Division 3—Method of quotation of tax file numbers, including deemed quotation        511

299P...................... Method of quoting tax file number................................. 511

299Q..................... Employee taken to have quoted to trustee where trustee informed by employer       511

299R...................... Beneficiary or applicant taken to have quoted to RSA provider or trustee               512

299S...................... Person claiming benefit taken to have quoted to trustee where he or she provided tax file number in connection with claim....................................................................... 512

299SA................... Beneficiary taken to have quoted where Commissioner gives notice       513

299T...................... Beneficiary taken to have quoted if he or she quoted for other purposes 513

Division 3A—Commissioner of Taxation may issue notices about tax file numbers      515

299TA................... Effect of mistaken quotation of tax file number.............. 515

299TB................... Effect of invalid quotation of tax file number.................. 515

299TC................... Commissioner of Taxation may inform trustee of tax file number           516

299TD................... Validation notice—beneficiaries of eligible superannuation entities         517

299TE.................... Validation notice—employees........................................ 517

299TF.................... Commissioner of Taxation may provide electronic interface 518

Division 4—Provision of tax file numbers in forms etc.                         519

299U..................... Forms etc. may require tax file number........................... 519

299V..................... Failure to quote tax file number...................................... 520

Division 5—General                                                                                                  521

299W..................... Definitions...................................................................... 521

299X..................... State insurance................................................................ 522

299Y..................... Trustee of former regulated exempt public sector superannuation scheme to destroy records of tax file numbers.......................................................................... 522

299Z...................... Transitional provisions................................................... 522

Part 26—Offences relating to statements, records etc.                                525

300........................ Object of Part.................................................................. 525

301........................ Interpretation................................................................... 525

303........................ Incorrectly keeping records etc....................................... 526

306........................ Incorrectly keeping or making records etc...................... 527

307........................ Incorrectly keeping records with intention of deceiving or misleading etc.              527

308........................ Falsifying or concealing identity with intention of deceiving or misleading etc.       528

Part 27—Powers of Court                                                                                            530

309........................ Object of Part.................................................................. 530

310........................ Power to grant relief....................................................... 530

311........................ Power of Court to give directions with respect to meetings ordered by the Court    532

312........................ Irregularities.................................................................... 532

313........................ Power of Court to prohibit payment or transfer of money or property     535

314........................ Court may order the disclosure of information or the publication of advertisements—contravention of provisions relating to issue of superannuation interests etc. 539

315........................ Injunctions...................................................................... 540

316........................ Effect of sections 313, 314 and 315................................ 543

317........................ Power of Court to punish for contempt of court............. 543

318........................ Court may resolve transitional difficulties....................... 544

Part 28—Proceedings                                                                                                      545

319........................ Object of Part.................................................................. 545

320........................ Power of Regulator to intervene in proceedings............. 545

321........................ Civil proceedings not to be stayed.................................. 545

322........................ Standard of proof............................................................ 546

323........................ Relief from civil liability for contravention of certain provisions             546

324........................ Evidence of contravention............................................... 548

324A..................... Time for instituting criminal proceedings........................ 548

325........................ Vesting of property......................................................... 548

Part 29—Exemptions and modifications                                                             550

326........................ Object of Part.................................................................. 550

327........................ Interpretation................................................................... 550

328........................ Regulator’s powers of exemption—modifiable provisions 550

330........................ Regulator’s powers of exemption—general issues......... 551

331........................ Enforcement of conditions to which exemption is subject 551

332........................ Regulator’s powers of modification—modifiable provisions.. 551

334........................ Regulator’s powers of modification—general issues...... 552

335........................ Variation and revocation of exemptions and modifications 552

336........................ Notice of exemptions and modifications......................... 552

Part 29A—Protections in relation to information                                          553

Division 1—Protection for whistleblowers                                                    553

336A..................... Disclosures qualifying for whistleblower protection...... 553

336B...................... Whistleblower protection for disclosures that qualify..... 554

336C...................... Victimisation of whistleblowers prohibited.................... 555

336D..................... Right to compensation.................................................... 556

336E...................... Confidentiality requirement for company, company officers and employees and auditors       556

Division 2—Self‑incrimination                                                                             559

336F...................... Self‑incrimination........................................................... 559

Part 29B—Employers to give information about superannuation contributions               560

336J....................... Object of this Part........................................................... 560

336JA.................... Requirement to give information..................................... 560

336JB.................... Requirement is a civil remedy provision under the Fair Work Act           561

336JC.................... Geographical application of this Part.............................. 561

336JD.................... Compliance with the requirement.................................... 561

336JE.................... Disclosing information relating to this Part..................... 562

336JF.................... Alternative constitutional basis....................................... 562

Part 30—Miscellaneous                                                                                                  564

337........................ Object of Part.................................................................. 564

337A..................... Trustee may give effect to award made under arbitration agreement        564

338........................ Conduct by directors, servants and agents...................... 564

338A..................... Liability of trustees required to ensure thing occurs........ 566

339........................ Conviction does not relieve defendant from civil liability 567

341........................ Civil immunity where defendant was complying with this Act                567

342........................ Pre‑1 July 88 funding credits and debits......................... 567

343........................ Rules against perpetuities not to apply to superannuation entity               570

344........................ Review of certain decisions............................................ 570

345........................ Statements to accompany notification of decisions......... 572

347........................ How information may be given to the Commissioner of Taxation           573

347A..................... The Regulator may collect statistical information............ 573

348........................ The Regulator may publish statistical information.......... 575

348A..................... Quarterly reports about superannuation.......................... 576

349........................ This Act and the regulations to be subject to certain superannuation orders             576

349A..................... Payment out of a fund in accordance with the Bankruptcy Act 1966        576

349B...................... Acquisition of property................................................... 577

350........................ Concurrent operation of State/Territory laws.................. 578

351........................ Additional functions of the Chief Executive Medicare.... 578

353........................ Regulations..................................................................... 578

Part 32—Additional transitional provisions—tax file numbers            580

381........................ Object of Part.................................................................. 580

382........................ Quotation of tax file number........................................... 580

383........................ Pre‑1 July 1994 quotation of tax file number to be treated as if made under provisions commencing on 1 July 1994................................................................................ 580

384........................ Pre‑1 July 1994 quotation of tax file number—request for quotation, or recording, of number not prohibited by the Taxation Administration Act 1953....................... 581

385........................ Pre‑1 July 1994 quotation of tax file number—objects of tax file number system   581

Part 33—Additional transitional provisions relating to MySuper       582

Division 1—Moving accrued default amounts to MySuper products 582

386........................ Object............................................................................. 582

387........................ Election to transfer accrued default amounts................... 582

388........................ Transfer to MySuper products........................................ 583

Division 2—Miscellaneous                                                                                     585

389........................ Prudential standards dealing with transitional matters..... 585

390........................ Regulations dealing with transitional, savings and application matters     585

Part 34—Additional transitional provisions relating to eligible rollover funds    586

391........................ Definitions...................................................................... 586

392........................ Authority to operate an eligible rollover fund given before 1 January 2014             586

393........................ Operation of existing ERFs after commencement........... 586

394........................ Moving amounts held in existing ERFs.......................... 586

Endnotes                                                                                                                                  588

Endnote 1—About the endnotes                                                                          588

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key                                                                              590

Endnote 3—Legislation history                                                                           591

Endnote 4—Amendment history                                                                         620

Endnote 5—Uncommenced amendments                                                       662

Financial Sector Reform (Amendments and Transitional Provisions) Act 1998 (No. 54, 1998)             662

Endnote 6—Modifications                                                                                      663

Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Regulations 1994............................. 663

Superannuation Industry (Supervision) modification declaration No. 4 of 2007 663

Superannuation Industry (Supervision) modification declaration No. 2 of 2009 663

Endnote 7—Misdescribed amendments                                                          664

Superannuation Laws Amendment (Capital Gains Tax Relief and Other Efficiency Measures) Act 2012 (No. 158, 2012)   664

Superannuation Legislation Amendment (Further MySuper and Transparency Measures) Act 2012 (No. 171, 2012)          664

Endnote 8—Miscellaneous [none]                                                                      667

 


An Act to make provision for the supervision of certain entities engaged in the superannuation industry, and for related purposes

Part 1Preliminary

Division 1Preliminary

1  Short title

                   This Act may be cited as the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993.

2  Commencement

             (1)  Subject to this section, Parts 1, 2, 21, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31 and 32 commence on the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent.

             (2)  Part 1 (in so far as it relates to section 117) and section 117 are taken to have commenced on 21 October 1992.

             (3)  Parts 18, 19, 20, 23 and 24 and section 342 commence on 1 July 1994.

             (4)  The remaining provisions commence on 1 December 1993, but do not apply to a fund, scheme or trust in relation to a year of income of the fund, scheme or trust earlier than the 1994‑95 year of income.

3  Object of Act

Supervision of certain superannuation entities

             (1)  The main object of this Act is to make provision for the prudent management of certain superannuation funds, approved deposit funds and pooled superannuation trusts and for their supervision by APRA, ASIC and the Commissioner of Taxation.

Basis for supervision

             (2)  The basis for supervision is that those funds and trusts are subject to regulation under the Commonwealth’s powers with respect to corporations or pensions (for example, because the trustee is a corporation). In return, the supervised funds and trusts may become eligible for concessional taxation treatment.

Whole industry not covered

             (3)  The Act does not regulate other entities engaged in the superannuation industry.

4  Summary of provisions

                   The Act contains provisions dealing with the following matters:

 

Part No.

Matter dealt with

1

interpretation

2A

licensing of trustees and groups of individual trustees

2B

registrable superannuation entities

2C

MySuper

3

operating standards for funds and trusts

3A

Prudential standards concerning registrable superannuation entities

3B

superannuation data and payment standards for funds and employers

4

accounts, audit and reporting obligations for superannuation entities

5

notices about complying fund status

6

governing rules of funds and trusts

7

rules applying only to regulated superannuation funds

8

in‑house asset rules applying to regulated superannuation funds

9

equal representation of employers and members in relation to employer‑sponsored funds

10

rules applying only to approved deposit funds

11

rules applying only to pooled superannuation trusts

11A

General fees rules

12

statutory duties of trustees of superannuation entities

14

other provisions relating to funds and trusts

15

standards for trustees, custodians and investment managers of superannuation entities

16

actuaries and auditors of superannuation entities

17

suspension or removal of trustees of superannuation entities

18

amalgamation of funds

19

rules about dealing with superannuation interests in public offer entities

21

civil and criminal consequences of serious breaches of the Act

22

infringement notices

23

financial assistance to funds that suffer loss as a result of fraud or theft

24

facility to pay benefits to eligible rollover funds

24A

transitional provisions relating to pre‑1 July 1995 automatic rollovers of benefits between funds

24B

the administration by APRA and the Commissioner of Taxation of superannuation funds with fewer than 5 members

25

monitoring and investigating superannuation entities

25A

tax file numbers

26

offences relating to statements and records

27

powers of courts

28

judicial and other proceedings under the Act

29

exemption and modification provisions

29A

protections in relation to information

29B

employers to give information about superannuation contributions

30

miscellaneous provisions

32

additional transitional provisions relating to tax file numbers

6  General administration of Act

             (1)  Subject to subsections (3) and (4):

                     (a)  APRA has the general administration of the following provisions, to the extent that administration of the provisions is not conferred on ASIC by paragraph (da) or the Commissioner of Taxation by paragraph (e), (ea), (fa), or (g):

                              (i)  Parts 2A, 2B and 2C (other than subsection 29SAA(3) and sections 29QB and 29QC);

                            (ia)  Part 3A;

                            (ib)  Divisions 2 and 3 of Part 3B;

                             (ii)  Parts 4 to 5;

                            (iii)  section 60A;

                            (iv)  Part 7 (other than sections 64A and 68A);

                             (v)  Parts 8 to 11A (other than section 99F);

                            (vi)  Part 12 (other than sections 101, 103 and 105);

                           (vii)  Part 14 to 16;

                          (viii)  Part 17;

                            (ix)  Part 21;

                             (x)  Parts 22 to 24A;

                            (xi)  Division 3 of Part 25;

                           (xii)  Part 25A;

                          (xiii)  Part 32; and

                     (b)  APRA also has the general administration of Parts 3 and 6 (other than section 60A) and section 105 to the extent that that administration is not conferred on any of the following:

                              (i)  the Chief Executive Medicare by paragraph (ba);

                             (ii)  ASIC by paragraph (d);

                            (iii)  the Commissioner of Taxation by paragraph (f) or (g); and

                   (ba)  the Chief Executive Medicare has the general administration of regulations made under Part 3 to the extent that the regulations relate to making determinations that an amount of benefits in a superannuation entity may be released on compassionate grounds; and

                     (c)  ASIC has the general administration of:

                            (ia)  subsection 29SAA(3) and sections 29QB and 29QC; and

                              (i)  sections 64A and 68A; and

                           (iia)  section 99F; and

                             (ii)  sections 101 and 103; and

                            (iii)  Part 19;

                            to the extent that administration is not conferred on the Commissioner of Taxation by paragraph (e); and

                     (d)  ASIC also has the general administration of Parts 3 and 6 (other than section 60A) and section 105 to the extent to which they relate to:

                              (i)  the keeping of reports to members of, or beneficiaries in, funds; or

                             (ii)  disclosure of information to members of, or beneficiaries in, funds; or

                            (iii)  disclosure of information about funds (including disclosure of information to ASIC but not including disclosure of information to APRA); or

                            (iv)  any other matter prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph; and

                   (da)  ASIC also has the general administration of Part 16 (other than Division 2 and section 128P) to the extent that it relates to auditors of self managed superannuation funds; and

                     (e)  the Commissioner of Taxation has the general administration of the following provisions to the extent that they relate to self managed superannuation funds:

                            (ia)  Division 2 of Part 3B;

                              (i)  Parts 4, 5, 7 (other than section 68A) and 8;

                             (ii)  Part 12 (other than section 105);

                            (iii)  Parts 13 and 14;

                            (iv)  Part 15;

                             (v)  Division 2 of Part 16 and section 128P;

                            (vi)  Part 17 (other than section 140);

                           (vii)  Parts 21 and 24;

                          (viii)  Divisions 2, 3, 4 and 5 of Part 25A; and

                    (ea)  the Commissioner of Taxation also has the general administration of Part 16 (other than section 128N) to the extent that:

                              (i)  it relates to self managed superannuation funds; and

                             (ii)  that administration is not conferred on ASIC by paragraph (da); and

                      (f)  the Commissioner of Taxation also has the general administration of Parts 3 and 6 (other than section 60A) and section 105:

                              (i)  to the extent that they relate to self managed superannuation funds; and

                            (ia)  to the extent that administration is not conferred on the Chief Executive Medicare by paragraph (ba); and

                             (ii)  to the extent that administration is not conferred on ASIC by paragraph (d); and

                    (fa)  the Commissioner of Taxation has the general administration of:

                              (i)  Division 1 of Part 3B; and

                             (ii)  Division 2 of Part 3B, to the extent it relates to employers; and

                            (iii)  Division 2 of Part 3B, to the extent it relates to payments and information given to the Commissioner of Taxation; and

                            (iv)  Division 4 of Part 3B; and

                     (g)  the Commissioner of Taxation also has the general administration of:

                              (i)  Division 3 of Part 3 (Portability forms); and

                             (ii)  Division 1 of Part 25A, section 299NA, Division 3A of Part 25A and subsection 299U(2A) (about tax file numbers); and

                     (h)  the Fair Work Ombudsman has the general administration of Part 29B.

Note:          An effect of a provision being administered by the Commissioner of Taxation (see paragraphs (e), (f) and (g)) is that people who acquire information under the provision are subject to the confidentiality obligations and exceptions in Division 355 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

             (2)  Powers and duties are also conferred by Parts 1, 25 (other than Division 3) and 26 27, 28, 29 (other than section 332) and 30 on:

                     (a)  APRA for the purposes of APRA’s administration of the provisions it administers; and

                     (b)  ASIC for the purposes of ASIC’s administration of the provisions it administers.

Note:          Generally neither APRA nor ASIC are referred to in these provisions, Regulator is used instead. See the definition of Regulator in section 10.

       (2AA)  Despite paragraph (2)(b):

                     (a)  powers and duties conferred on ASIC by section 255 are conferred only in relation to persons who are relevant persons in relation to superannuation entities; and

                     (b)  powers and duties conferred on ASIC by section 256 are conferred only in relation to the affairs of superannuation entities.

          (2A)  Powers and duties are also conferred by Parts 1, 25 (other than Division 3), 26 to 28, 29 (other than section 332) and 30 (other than section 342) on the Commissioner of Taxation for the purposes of the administration of the provisions he or she administers.

Note:          Generally, the Commissioner of Taxation is not referred to in these provisions, Regulator is used instead.

       (2AB)  Despite subsection (2A), powers and duties conferred on the Commissioner of Taxation by Divisions 4 to 8 of Part 25 (other than section 285) are conferred only in relation to:

                     (a)  persons who are relevant persons in relation to superannuation entities; and

                     (b)  the affairs of superannuation entities.

       (2AC)  Nothing in subsection (2AB) limits the powers and duties conferred on the Commissioner of Taxation by Part 25 (as mentioned in subsection (2A)) in relation to contributing employers.

Note:          The Commissioner of Taxation’s powers and duties under Part 25 in relation to contributing employers are found in sections 255 and 256, with related provisions in Divisions 7, 8 and 9 of that Part.

          (2B)  Powers and duties are also conferred on APRA by section 332 for the purposes of the administration of provisions administered by APRA or by the Commissioner of Taxation.

             (3)  The Minister may give APRA or ASIC directions about the performance or exercise of its functions or powers under this Act.

             (4)  Despite subsection (1):

                     (a)  if an entity is not a self managed superannuation fund on the last day of a year of income, APRA has (subject to any later application of this subsection) the general administration of subsections 40(1) and (2), in relation to the entity, in respect of the following:

                              (i)  the doing of anything after the end of that year of income, in relation to that year of income;

                             (ii)  the doing of anything after the end of that year of income, in relation to any previous year of income; and

                     (b)  if an entity is a self managed superannuation fund on the last day of a year of income, the Commissioner of Taxation has (subject to any later application of this subsection) the general administration of subsections 40(1) and (2), in relation to the entity, in respect of the following:

                              (i)  the doing of anything after the end of that year of income, in relation to that year of income;

                             (ii)  the doing of anything after the end of that year of income, in relation any previous year of income; and

                     (c)  the following rules apply in relation to the general administration of subparagraphs 42(1AA)(b)(ii) and (c)(ii), subsection 42(1AC), subparagraphs 42A(3)(c)(ii) and (d)(ii) and subsection 42A(4):

                              (i)  subject to subparagraph (ii), APRA has the general administration of those provisions;

                             (ii)  if another person or body is specified in regulations under subsection 19(4) in respect of a class of superannuation funds, that person or body has the general administration of those provisions to the extent that they relate to funds belonging to that class.

7  Application of Act not to be excluded or modified

                   This Act applies to a superannuation entity despite any provision in the governing rules of the entity, including any provision that purports to substitute, or has the effect of substituting, the provisions of the law of a State or Territory or of a foreign country for all or any of the provisions of this Act.

8  Act extends to external Territories

                   This Act extends to all the external Territories.

9  Crown to be bound

             (1)  This Act binds the Crown in all its capacities.

             (2)  The Crown is not liable to be prosecuted for an offence against, or arising out of, this Act.

9A  Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code (except Part 2.5) applies to all offences against this Act.

Division 2Interpretation

10  Definitions

             (1)  In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:

ABN has the meaning given by section 41 of the A New Tax System (Australian Business Number) Act 1999.

accrued default amount, for a member of a regulated superannuation fund, has the meaning given by section 20B.

acquirable asset has the meaning given by section 67A.

activity fee has the meaning given by subsection 29V(7).

ADI (authorised deposit‑taking institution) means:

                     (a)  a body corporate that is an ADI for the purposes of the Banking Act 1959; or

                     (b)  a State bank.

administration fee has the meaning given by subsection 29V(2).

adopted child, in relation to a person, means a person adopted by the first‑mentioned person:

                     (a)  under the law of a State or Territory relating to the adoption of children; or

                     (b)  under the law of any other place relating to the adoption of children, if the validity of the adoption would be recognised under the law of any State or Territory.

advice fee has the meaning given by subsection 29V(8).

amend, in relation to the governing rules of a superannuation entity, includes the insertion of a provision in, or the omission of a provision from, those rules.

annuity includes a benefit provided by a life insurance company or a registered organisation, if the benefit is taken, under the regulations, to be an annuity for the purposes of this Act.

approved deposit fund means a fund that:

                     (a)  is an indefinitely continuing fund; and

                     (b)  is maintained by an RSE licensee that is a constitutional corporation; and

                     (c)  is maintained solely for approved purposes.

approved form has the meaning given by section 11A.

approved guarantee has the meaning given by section 11E.

approved purposes, in relation to a fund, means:

                     (a)  the purpose of receiving on deposit:

                              (i)  amounts of roll‑over superannuation benefits (within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997); and

                            (ia)  amounts of directed termination payments (within the meaning of section 82‑10F of the Income Tax (Transitional Provisions) Act 1997); and

                             (ii)  amounts paid under Part 24 of this Act; and

                            (iii)  amounts paid under section 65 of the Superannuation Guarantee (Administration) Act 1992; and

                     (b)  the purpose of dealing with such amounts, in accordance with the rules of the fund, in any way calculated directly or indirectly to enhance the value of, or render profitable, property of the fund; and

                     (c)  subject to any inconsistent requirement in the standards from time to time applicable to the fund under section 32, the purpose of paying to beneficiaries, or to the legal personal representatives of beneficiaries, upon request, amounts equal to the beneficiary’s interest in the fund; and

                     (d)  such other purposes (if any) as APRA approves in writing.

approved SMSF auditor means a person who is registered under section 128B, but does not include:

                     (a)  a person for whom an order disqualifying a person from being an approved SMSF auditor, or suspending a person’s registration as an approved SMSF auditor, is in force under section 130F; or

                     (b)  a person who is disqualified from being or acting as an auditor of all superannuation entities under section 130D.

APRA means the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority.

APRA staff member has the same meaning as in the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority Act 1998.

ASIC means the Australian Securities and Investments Commission.

asset means any form of property and, to avoid doubt, includes money (whether Australian currency or currency of another country).

associate has the meaning given by section 12.

Australian court means:

                     (a)  the High Court; or

                     (b)  a court created by the Parliament; or

                     (c)  a court of a State or Territory.

Australian resident means a person who is a resident of Australia for the purposes of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936.

authorised person means a person authorised by the Regulator under section 298A for the purposes of the provision in which the expression occurs.

beneficiary, in relation to a fund, scheme or trust, means a person (whether described in the governing rules as a member, a depositor or otherwise) who has a beneficial interest in the fund, scheme or trust and includes, in relation to a superannuation fund, a member of the fund despite the express references in this Act to members of such funds.

books includes:

                     (a)  any record; or

                     (b)  any accounts or accounting records, however compiled, recorded or stored; or

                     (c)  a document.

buy‑sell spread has the meaning given by subsection 29V(4).

Chief Executive Medicare has the same meaning as in the Human Services (Medicare) Act 1973.

child, in relation to a person, includes:

                     (a)  an adopted child, a stepchild or an ex‑nuptial child of the person; and

                     (b)  a child of the person’s spouse; and

                     (c)  someone who is a child of the person within the meaning of the Family Law Act 1975.

choice product: A class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund is a choice product unless:

                     (a)  all the members of the fund who hold that class of beneficial interest in the fund are defined benefit members; or

                     (b)  that class of beneficial interest in the fund is a MySuper product.

civil penalty order means a declaration or order made under section 196.

civil penalty provision has the meaning given by section 193.

class, in relation to an RSE licensee, means (except in subsections 29E(7) and (8)) a class of RSE licence provided for under subsection 29B(2) or (3), or under regulations made for the purposes of subsection 29B(4).

Commissioner means the Insurance and Superannuation Commissioner appointed under the Insurance and Superannuation Commissioner Act 1987, or a person for the time being acting as Insurance and Superannuation Commissioner under that Act.

connected entity, in relation to an RSE licensee of a registrable superannuation entity, means:

                     (a)  a subsidiary of the RSE licensee (where the RSE licensee is a body corporate); and

                     (b)  any other entity of a kind prescribed by the regulations.

constitutional corporation means a body corporate that is:

                     (a)  a trading corporation formed within the limits of the Commonwealth (within the meaning of paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution); or

                     (b)  a financial corporation formed within the limits of the Commonwealth (within the meaning of paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution).

contributing employer means an employer having obligations under Part 3B (about the superannuation data and payment regulations and standards).

corporate trustee, in relation to a fund, scheme or trust, means a body corporate that is a trustee of the fund, scheme or trust.

Corporations Law means the Corporations Law set out in the Corporations Act 1989.

court means any court, when exercising jurisdiction under this Act.

Court means the Federal Court of Australia or the Supreme Court of a State or a Territory.

custodian, in relation to a superannuation entity, means a person (other than a trustee of the entity) who, under a contract with a trustee or an investment manager of the entity, performs custodial functions in relation to any of the assets of the entity.

data and payment regulations and standards relating to RSAs has the same meaning as in the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997.

data processing device means any article or material (for example, a disc) from which information is capable of being reproduced with or without the aid of any other article or device.

death benefit: see section 68AA.

deed includes an instrument having the effect of a deed.

defined benefit fund has (except in Division 3A of Part 8 and in Part 23) the meaning given by the regulations.

defined benefit member:

                     (a)  in the definition of choice product in this subsection, section 20B and Part 2C—has the same meaning as in the Superannuation Guarantee (Administration) Act 1992; and

                     (b)  in Division 3A of Part 8 and in Part 23—has the meaning given by section 83A; and

                     (c)  in any other provision of this Act—has the meaning given by the regulations;

subject to subsection (1A).

dependant, in relation to a person, includes the spouse of the person, any child of the person and any person with whom the person has an interdependency relationship.

director, in relation to a body corporate, has the same meaning as in the Corporations Act 2001.

disclose, in relation to information, means give, reveal or communicate in any way.

eligible rollover fund: a regulated superannuation fund is an eligible rollover fund if an RSE licensee is authorised under section 242F to operate the fund as an eligible rollover fund.

eligible superannuation entity means a regulated superannuation fund or an approved deposit fund.

employee has the meaning given by section 15A.

employer has the meaning given by section 15A.

employer representative, in relation to a group of trustees of a fund, a policy committee of a fund or the board of directors of a corporate trustee of a fund, means a member of the group, committee or board, as the case may be, nominated by:

                     (a)  the employer or employers of the members of the fund; or

                     (b)  an organisation representing the interests of that employer or those employers.

employer‑sponsor has the meaning given by subsection 16(1).

employer‑sponsored fund has the meaning given by subsection 16(3).

enhanced director obligations means:

                     (a)  for MySuper products—the obligations imposed by:

                              (i)  section 29VO; and

                             (ii)  covenants prescribed under section 54A that are specified in the regulations as forming part of the enhanced director obligations for MySuper products; and

                     (b)  for eligible rollover funds—the obligations imposed by:

                              (i)  section 242L; and

                             (ii)  covenants prescribed under section 54A that are specified in the regulations as forming part of the enhanced director obligations for eligible rollover funds.

enhanced trustee obligations means:

                     (a)  for MySuper products—the obligations imposed by:

                              (i)  covenants referred to in section 52, as enhanced by the obligations imposed under section 29VN; and

                             (ii)  covenants prescribed under section 54A that are specified in the regulations as forming part of the enhanced trustee obligations for MySuper products; and

                     (b)  for eligible rollover funds—the obligations imposed by:

                              (i)  covenants referred to in section 52, as enhanced by the obligations imposed under section 242K; and

                             (ii)  covenants prescribed under section 54A that are specified in the regulations as forming part of the enhanced trustee obligations for eligible rollover funds.

entity means any of the following:

                     (a)  an individual;

                     (b)  a body corporate;

                     (c)  a partnership;

                     (d)  a trust.

entry fee has the meaning given by subsection 99B(2).

excluded approved deposit fund means an approved deposit fund:

                     (a)  in which there is only one beneficiary; and

                     (b)  that satisfies such other conditions (if any) as are specified in the regulations.

excluded instalment trust, of a superannuation fund, means a trust:

                     (a)  that arises because a trustee or investment manager of the superannuation fund makes an investment under which a listed security (the underlying security) is held in trust until the purchase price of the underlying security is fully paid; and

                     (b)  where the underlying security, and property derived from the underlying security, is the only trust property; and

                     (c)  where an investment in the underlying security held in trust would not be an in‑house asset of the superannuation fund.

executive officer, in relation to a body corporate, means a person, by whatever name called and whether or not a director of the body, who is concerned, or takes part, in the management of the body.

exempt public sector superannuation scheme means a public sector superannuation scheme that is specified in regulations made for the purposes of this definition.

exit fee has the meaning given by subsection 29V(6).

expert, in relation to a matter, means a person whose profession or reputation gives authority to a statement made by him or her in relation to that matter.

Fair Work Inspector has the same meaning as in the Fair Work Act 2009.

fees rules, in relation to MySuper products, means the rules in Division 5 of Part 2C.

financial product has the same meaning as in Chapter 7 of the Corporations Act 2001.

financial product advice has the same meaning as in Chapter 7 of the Corporations Act 2001.

financial services licensee has the meaning given by Chapter 7 of the Corporations Act 2001.

function includes duty.

general fees rules means the rules in Part 11A.

governing rules, in relation to a fund, scheme or trust, means:

                     (a)  any rules contained in a trust instrument, other document or legislation, or combination of them; or

                     (b)  any unwritten rules;

governing the establishment or operation of the fund, scheme or trust.

group of individual trustees means a group of trustees each of whom is an individual trustee.

group of trustees, in relation to a fund, scheme or trust, means a board, committee or other group of trustees of the fund, scheme or trust.

half‑year means a period of 6 months ending on 30 June or 31 December.

Income Tax Assessment Act means the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 or the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

independent director, in relation to a corporate trustee of a fund, means a director of the corporate trustee who:

                     (a)  is not a member of the fund; and

                     (b)  is neither an employer‑sponsor of the fund nor an associate of such an employer‑sponsor; and

                     (c)  is neither an employee of an employer‑sponsor of the fund nor an employee of an associate of such an employer‑sponsor; and

                     (d)  is not, in any capacity, a representative of a trade union, or other organisation, representing the interests of one or more members of the fund; and

                     (e)  is not, in any capacity, a representative of an organisation representing the interests of one or more employer‑sponsors of the fund.

Note:          Subsection (2) sets out the circumstances in which a director of a corporate trustee of a fund is not taken to be an associate of an employer‑sponsor of the fund.

independent trustee, in relation to a fund, means a trustee of the fund who:

                     (a)  is not a member of the fund; and

                     (b)  is neither an employer‑sponsor of the fund nor an associate of such an employer‑sponsor; and

                     (c)  is neither an employee of an employer‑sponsor of the fund nor an employee of an associate of such an employer‑sponsor; and

                     (d)  is not, in any capacity, a representative of a trade union, or other organisation, representing the interests of one or more members of the fund; and

                     (e)  is not, in any capacity, a representative of an organisation representing the interests of one or more employer‑sponsors of the fund.

individual trustee, in relation to a fund, scheme or trust, means an individual who is a trustee of the fund, scheme or trust.

industrial instrument has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

insolvent under administration means a person who:

                     (a)  under the Bankruptcy Act 1966 or the law of an external Territory, is a bankrupt in respect of a bankruptcy from which the person has not been discharged; or

                     (b)  under the law of a country other than Australia or the law of an external Territory, has the status of an undischarged bankrupt;

and includes:

                     (c)  a person any of whose property is subject to control under:

                              (i)  section 50 or 188 of the Bankruptcy Act 1966; or

                             (ii)  a corresponding provision of the law of an external Territory or the law of a foreign country; or

                     (d)  a person who has executed a personal insolvency agreement under:

                              (i)  Part X of the Bankruptcy Act 1966; or

                             (ii)  the corresponding provisions of the law of an external Territory or the law of a foreign country;

                            if a certificate has not been given under section 232 of that Act or the corresponding provision of the law of the external Territory or foreign country, as the case may be, in respect of the agreement.

inspector has the meaning given by section 265.

instalment receipt means an investment under which:

                     (a)  a listed security is held in a trust until the purchase price of the security is fully paid; and

                     (b)  the security, and property derived from the security, is the only trust property.

insurance fee has the meaning given by subsection 29V(9).

interdependency relationship has the meaning given by section 10A.

invest means:

                     (a)  apply assets in any way; or

                     (b)  make a contract;

for the purpose of gaining interest, income, profit or gain.

investment fee has the meaning given by subsection 29V(3).

investment manager means a person appointed by a trustee of a fund or trust to invest on behalf of the trustee, or the trustees, of the fund or trust.

involved, in relation to a contravention, has the meaning given by section 17.

lawyer means a duly qualified legal practitioner and, in relation to a person, means such a practitioner acting for the person.

lease arrangement means any agreement, arrangement or understanding in the nature of a lease (other than a lease) between a trustee of a superannuation fund and another person, under which the other person is to use, or control the use of, property owned by the fund, whether or not the agreement, arrangement or understanding is enforceable, or intended to be enforceable, by legal proceedings.

legal personal representative means the executor of the will or administrator of the estate of a deceased person, the trustee of the estate of a person under a legal disability or a person who holds an enduring power of attorney granted by a person.

licensing transition period means the period:

                     (a)  starting on the commencement of Part 1 of Schedule 1 to the Superannuation Safety Amendment Act 2004; and

                     (b)  ending immediately before the commencement of Part 2 of that Schedule.

life insurance company means:

                     (a)  a body corporate registered under section 21 of the Life Insurance Act 1995; or

                     (b)  a public authority:

                              (i)  that is constituted by a law of a State or Territory; and

                             (ii)  that carries on life insurance business within the meaning of section 11 of that Act.

listed security has the meaning given by subsection 66(5).

loan includes the provision of credit or any other form of financial accommodation, whether or not enforceable, or intended to be enforceable, by legal proceedings.

lodge means lodge with the Regulator.

market value, in relation to an asset, means the amount that a willing buyer of the asset could reasonably be expected to pay to acquire the asset from a willing seller if the following assumptions were made:

                     (a)  that the buyer and the seller dealt with each other at arm’s length in relation to the sale;

                     (b)  that the sale occurred after proper marketing of the asset;

                     (c)  that the buyer and the seller acted knowledgeably and prudentially in relation to the sale.

member has a meaning affected by section 15B.

member of staff means:

                     (a)  in relation to APRA—a person who is an APRA staff member within the meaning of the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority Act 1998; and

                     (b)  in relation to ASIC—a person who is a staff member within the meaning of the Australian Securities and Investments Commission Act 2001; and

                     (c)  in relation to the Commissioner of Taxation—a taxation officer.

member representative, in relation to a group of trustees of a fund, a policy committee of a fund or the board of directors of a corporate trustee of a fund, means a member of the group, committee or board, as the case may be, nominated by:

                     (a)  the members of the fund; or

                     (b)  a trade union, or other organisation, representing the interests of those members.

modifications includes additions, omissions and substitutions.

MySuper member: A member of a regulated superannuation fund is a MySuper member of the fund if the member holds a beneficial interest in the fund of a class that the RSE licensee of the fund is authorised to offer as a MySuper product.

MySuper product: A class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund is a MySuper product if an RSE licensee is authorised under section 29T to offer that class of beneficial interest in the fund as a MySuper product.

occurrence of an event includes the coming into existence of a state of affairs.

old‑age pensions has the same meaning as in paragraph 51(xxiii) of the Constitution.

Part 8 associate has the meaning given by Subdivision B of Division 1 of Part 8.

pension, except in the expression old‑age pension, includes a benefit provided by a fund, if the benefit is taken, under the regulations, to be a pension for the purposes of this Act.

permanent incapacity: a member of a superannuation fund or an approved deposit fund is suffering permanent incapacity if the member is taken, under the regulations, to be suffering permanent incapacity for the purposes of this Act.

permanent incapacity benefit: see section 68AA.

personal advice has the same meaning as in Chapter 7 of the Corporations Act 2001.

policy committee, in relation to a regulated superannuation fund, means a board, committee or other body that:

                     (a)  advises a trustee of the fund about such matters as are specified in the regulations; and

                     (b)  is established by or under the governing rules of the fund.

pooled superannuation trust means a unit trust:

                     (a)  the trustee of which is a constitutional corporation; and

                     (b)  that, under the regulations, is a unit trust to which this definition applies.

premises includes:

                     (a)  a structure, building, aircraft, vehicle or vessel; and

                     (b)  any land or place (whether enclosed or built on or not); and

                     (c)  a part of a structure, building, aircraft, vehicle or vessel or of such a place.

private sector fund means a superannuation fund covered by paragraph (a) of the definition of superannuation fund, other than a public sector fund.

procure includes cause.

produce includes permit access to.

prudential matter has the meaning given by subsection 34C(4).

prudential standard means a standard determined by APRA under subsection 34C(1).

public offer entity means:

                     (a)  a public offer superannuation fund; or

                     (b)  an approved deposit fund that is not an excluded approved deposit fund; or

                     (c)  a pooled superannuation trust.

public offer entity licence means an RSE licence of a class provided for under subsection 29B(2).

public offer superannuation fund has the meaning given by section 18.

public sector fund means a superannuation fund that is:

                     (a)  covered by paragraph (a) of the definition of superannuation fund; and

                     (b)  part of a public sector superannuation scheme.

public sector superannuation scheme means a scheme for the payment of superannuation, retirement or death benefits, where the scheme is established:

                     (a)  by or under a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory; or

                     (b)  under the authority of:

                              (i)  the Commonwealth or the government of a State or Territory; or

                             (ii)  a municipal corporation, another local governing body or a public authority constituted by or under a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory.

quarter means a period of 3 months beginning on 1 January, 1 April, 1 July and 1 October.

rectify, in relation to a contravention of this Act or the regulations that has occurred in relation to a superannuation entity, includes put in operation managerial or administrative arrangements that could reasonably be expected to ensure that there are no further contraventions of a similar kind.

redeem, in relation to an interest in an approved deposit fund, includes pay an amount equal to the interest pursuant to a covenant of a kind referred to in section 53 that is contained, or taken to be contained, in the governing rules of the fund.

registered organisation means:

                     (a)  an association registered under a law of a State or Territory as a trade union; or

                     (b)  a society registered under a law of a State or Territory providing for the registration of friendly or benefit societies; or

                     (c)  an association of employees that is registered as an organisation, or recognised, under the Fair Work (Registered Organisations) Act 2009.

registrable superannuation entity means:

                     (a)  a regulated superannuation fund; or

                     (b)  an approved deposit fund; or

                     (c)  a pooled superannuation trust;

but does not include a self managed superannuation fund.

regulated document, in relation to a public offer entity, means a document:

                     (a)  issued, or authorised to be issued, by the trustee of the entity; and

                     (b)  that the trustee knows, or ought reasonably to know (having regard to the trustee’s abilities, experience, qualifications and other attributes), may influence a person’s decision:

                              (i)  whether to apply to have a superannuation interest in the entity issued to a person; or

                             (ii)  whether to apply to become a standard employer‑sponsor of the entity.

regulated superannuation fund has the meaning given by section 19.

Regulator means:

                     (a)  APRA if the provision in which it occurs is, or is being applied for the purposes of, a provision that is administered by APRA; and

                     (b)  ASIC if the provision in which it occurs is, or is being applied for the purposes of, a provision that is administered by ASIC; and

                     (c)  the Commissioner of Taxation if the provision in which it occurs is, or is being applied for the purposes of, a provision that is administered by the Commissioner of Taxation; and

                     (d)  the Chief Executive Medicare if the provision in which it occurs is, or is being applied for the purposes of, a provision that is administered by the Chief Executive Medicare under paragraph 6(1)(ba).

related, in relation to bodies corporate, has the meaning given by section 20.

related party, of a superannuation fund, means any of the following:

                     (a)  a member of the fund;

                     (b)  a standard employer‑sponsor of the fund;

                     (c)  a Part 8 associate of an entity referred to in paragraph (a) or (b).

related trust, of a superannuation fund, means a trust that a member or a standard employer‑sponsor of the fund controls (within the meaning of section 70E), other than an excluded instalment trust of the fund.

relative of an individual means the following:

                     (a)  a parent, grandparent, brother, sister, uncle, aunt, nephew, niece, lineal descendant or adopted child of the individual or of his or her spouse;

                     (b)  a spouse of the individual or of any other individual referred to in paragraph (a).

Note:          Subsection (5) may be relevant to determining relationships for the purposes of paragraph (a) of the definition of relative.

relevant person means:

                     (a)  in relation to a fund or trust:

                              (i)  if the trustee or an investment manager of the fund or trust is or includes an individual—that individual; or

                             (ii)  if the trustee or an investment manager of the fund or trust is or includes a body corporate—a responsible officer of that body corporate; or

                            (iii)  an auditor of the fund or trust; or

                            (iv)  an actuary of the fund or trust; or

                             (v)  a person who is a custodian in relation to the fund or trust; or

                     (b)  in relation to an approved SMSF auditor:

                              (i)  the approved SMSF auditor; or

                             (ii)  a person who is a relevant person under paragraph (a) in relation to a self managed superannuation fund of which the approved SMSF auditor is or was an auditor; or

                     (c)  in relation to an audit of a self managed superannuation fund:

                              (i)  the person who is conducting, or conducted, the audit; or

                             (ii)  a person who is a relevant person under paragraph (a) in relation to the self managed superannuation fund.

resident approved deposit fund has the meaning given by section 20A.

resident regulated superannuation fund means a regulated superannuation fund that is an Australian superannuation fund within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

responsible officer, in relation to a body corporate, means:

                     (a)  a director of the body; or

                     (b)  a secretary of the body; or

                     (c)  an executive officer of the body.

reviewable decision means:

                     (a)  a decision of APRA under subsection 18(6) or (7) to make a declaration; or

                    (aa)  a decision of APRA under subsection 18(7A) to make a declaration under subsection 18(7) subject to conditions; or

                   (ab)  a decision of APRA under subsection 18(7C) to revoke a declaration that a superannuation fund is not a public offer superannuation fund or;

                     (b)  a decision of APRA under subsection 18(10) to revoke a declaration; or

                   (dd)  a decision of APRA under subsection 29CA(2) to treat an application for an RSE licence as having been withdrawn; or

                   (de)  a decision of APRA under subsection 29D(2) refusing an application for an RSE licence; or

                    (df)  a decision of APRA under subsection 29EA(1) to impose additional conditions on an RSE licence; or

                   (dg)  a decision of APRA under subsection 29FA(2) to treat an application for variation of an RSE licence so that it is an RSE licence of a different class as having been withdrawn; or

                   (dh)  a decision of APRA under subsection 29FA(2) to treat an application for variation or revocation of a condition imposed on an RSE licence as having been withdrawn; or

                    (di)  a decision of APRA to refuse to vary an RSE licence under subsection 29FC(1) so that it is an RSE licence of a different class; or

                    (dj)  a decision of APRA to refuse to vary or revoke under subsection 29FC(1) any conditions imposed on an RSE licence; or

                   (dk)  a decision of APRA under subsection 29FD(1) to vary or revoke any conditions imposed on an RSE licence; or

                    (dl)  a decision of APRA under subsection 29G(1) to cancel an RSE licence; or

                  (dm)  a decision of APRA under subsection 29M(2) refusing an application for registration of a registrable superannuation entity; or

                   (dn)  a decision of APRA under subsection 29N(2) to cancel the registration of a registrable superannuation entity; or

                 (doa)  a decision of APRA under subsection 29T(2) to refuse to authorise an RSE licensee to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product; or

                 (dob)  a decision of APRA under subsection 29U(1) to cancel an authority to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product; or

                 (doc)  a decision to determine, vary or revoke a prudential standard referred to in paragraph 34C(1)(e) or (f); or

                 (dod)  a decision of the Regulator to give or vary a direction under section 34P or 34Q; or

                   (dp)  a decision of the Regulator refusing to give an approval under paragraph 35A(2)(b); or

                   (dq)  a decision of the Regulator to give such an approval subject to conditions under subsection 35A(3); or

                     (e)  a decision of the Regulator to give a notice under section 40; or

                      (f)  a decision of the Regulator refusing to give a notice under section 40; or

                    (fa)  a decision of the Regulator under subsection 42(1AA) or (1AC) or paragraph 50(1)(c); or

                    (fb)  a refusal of the Regulator to give an approval under subparagraph 62(1)(b)(v); or

                     (g)  a decision of the Regulator to give a direction under section 63; or

                     (h)  a decision of the Regulator refusing to revoke a direction under section 63; or

                   (ha)  a decision of the Regulator to make a determination under subsection 70A(1); or

                   (hb)  a decision of the Regulator refusing to revoke a determination under subsection 70A(1); or

                      (i)  a decision of the Regulator refusing to make a determination under paragraph 71(1)(e); or

                      (j)  a decision of the Regulator to revoke a determination under paragraph 71(1)(e); or

                     (k)  a decision of the Regulator to make a determination under subsection 71(4); or

                      (l)  a decision of the Regulator refusing to revoke a determination under subsection 71(4); or

                    (m)  a decision of APRA under section 92 refusing to grant an arrangement approval; or

                     (n)  a decision of APRA under section 92 revoking an arrangement approval; or

                   (na)  a decision of APRA under subsection 93A(2) or (3) to approve or not approve a higher percentage; or

                   (nb)  a decision of APRA under subsection 93A(4) to specify conditions to which an approval is subject; or

                   (nc)  a decision of APRA under subsection 93A(5) to vary an approval; or

                     (o)  a decision of APRA under subsection 95(2) refusing to approve a borrowing; or

                     (p)  a decision of APRA under subsection 117(6) refusing to waive a requirement; or

                     (q)  a decision of APRA under subparagraph 123(2)(b)(ii) or (3)(c)(ii); or

                   (qa)  a decision of the Regulator under subsection 126A(1), (2) or (3) to disqualify an individual; or

                   (qb)  a decision of the Regulator under subsection 126A(5) refusing to revoke the disqualification of an individual; or

                      (r)  a decision of the Regulator under subsection 126B(4) refusing to allow a longer period than 14 days to make an application for waiver; or

                    (ra)  a decision of the Regulator under subsection 126D(3) refusing to make a declaration waiving an applicant’s status as a disqualified person; or

                    (rb)  a decision of the Regulator under subsection 126F(3) refusing to waive, in whole or in part, the requirement to pay an amount under subsection 126F(2); or

                    (rc)  a decision of the Regulator under section 128B refusing an application made under section 128A; or

                    (rd)  a decision of the Regulator under section 128D imposing or varying conditions, or additional conditions, on a person’s registration as an approved SMSF auditor; or

                    (re)  a decision of the Regulator refusing an application to vary or revoke conditions, or additional conditions, imposed under section 128D on a person’s registration as an approved SMSF auditor; or

                    (rf)  a decision of the Regulator under subsection 128E(2) cancelling a person’s registration as an approved SMSF auditor; or

                    (rg)  a decision of the Regulator refusing an application to waive the payment of the whole or a part of a fee under subsection 128L(4); or

                    (rh)  a decision of the Regulator to make an order under subsection 130F(2); or

                     (ri)  a decision of the Regulator refusing an application to revoke an order under subsection 130F(8); or

                      (s)  a decision of the Regulator to make a disqualification order under section 131; or

                      (t)  a decision of the Regulator refusing to revoke a disqualification order under section 131; or

                    (ta)  a decision of APRA to give a direction under section 131AA, other than a direction on the ground mentioned in paragraph 133AA(2)(a); or

                   (taa)  a decision of the Regulator to suspend or remove a trustee of a superannuation entity under section 133; or

                     (u)  a decision of the Regulator under section 141; or

                   (ua)  a decision of APRA under subsection 242F(2) to refuse to authorise an RSE licensee to operate a regulated superannuation fund as an eligible rollover fund; or

                   (ub)  a decision of APRA under subsection 242J(1) to cancel an authority to operate a regulated superannuation fund as an eligible rollover fund; or

                     (z)  a decision of the Regulator under section 328 to make an exemption that applies to a particular person or a particular group of individual trustees; or

                   (zb)  a decision of the Regulator under section 332 to make a declaration that applies to a particular person or a particular group of individual trustees; or

                   (zd)  a decision of the Regulator under section 335 to vary or revoke an exemption or declaration that applies to a particular person or a particular group of individual trustees; or

                    (ze)  a decision of APRA refusing to give a notice under subsection 342(2) in relation to a fund; or

                    (zf)  a decision of APRA to give a notice under subsection 342(6) in relation to a fund; or

                    (zg)  a decision of the Regulator under subsection 347A(9).

RSA has the same meaning as in the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997.

RSA provider has the same meaning as in the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997.

RSE actuary means a person who is appointed as an actuary of a registrable superannuation entity.

RSE auditor means a person who is appointed as an auditor of a registrable superannuation entity.

RSE licence means a licence granted under section 29D.

RSE licensee means a constitutional corporation, body corporate, or group of individual trustees, that holds an RSE licence granted under section 29D.

RSE licensee law means:

                     (a)  this Act or the regulations; and

                    (aa)  prudential standards; and

                     (b)  the Financial Sector (Collection of Data) Act 2001; and

                     (c)  the Financial Institutions Supervisory Levies Collection Act 1998; and

                     (d)  the provisions of the Corporations Act 2001 listed in a subparagraph of paragraph (b) of the definition of regulatory provision in section 38A of this Act or specified in regulations made for the purposes of subparagraph (b)(xvi) of that definition, as applying in relation to superannuation interests; and

                     (e)  any other provisions of any other law of the Commonwealth specified in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

salary or wages has the same meaning as in the Superannuation Guarantee (Administration) Act 1992.

self managed superannuation fund has the meaning given by sections 17A and 17B.

Note:          Subsection (4) of this section extends the meaning of self managed superannuation fund for the purposes of sections 6, 42 and 42A.

signed, in relation to a body corporate, means executed by or on behalf of the body corporate in a way that is effective in law and that binds the body corporate.

SMSF actuary means a person who is a Fellow or an Accredited Member of the Institute of Actuaries of Australia.

SMSF auditor number, of an approved SMSF auditor, means the number stated under paragraph 128B(6)(b) in a certificate under subsection 128B(6) relating to the auditor’s registration under section 128B.

spouse of a person includes:

                     (a)  another person (whether of the same sex or a different sex) with whom the person is in a relationship that is registered under a law of a State or Territory prescribed for the purposes of section 2E of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 as a kind of relationship prescribed for the purposes of that section; and

                     (b)  another person who, although not legally married to the person, lives with the person on a genuine domestic basis in a relationship as a couple.

standard employer‑sponsor has the meaning given by subsection 16(2).

standard employer‑sponsored fund has the meaning given by subsection 16(4).

standard employer‑sponsored member has the meaning given by subsection 16(5).

subsidiary has the same meaning as in the Corporations Act 2001.

superannuation account has the meaning given by subsection 108A(3).

superannuation actuary means:

                     (a)  an RSE actuary; or

                     (b)  an SMSF actuary.

superannuation auditor means:

                     (a)  an RSE auditor; or

                     (b)  an approved SMSF auditor.

Superannuation Complaints Tribunal means the Superannuation Complaints Tribunal established by the Superannuation (Resolution of Complaints) Act 1993.

superannuation data and payment matter has the meaning given by subsection 34K(5).

superannuation data and payment regulations and standards means:

                     (a)  the regulations made under section 34K; and

                     (b)  the standards issued by the Commissioner of Taxation under that section.

superannuation data and payment standard means a standard issued by the Commissioner of Taxation under section 34K.

superannuation entity means:

                     (a)  a regulated superannuation fund; or

                     (b)  an approved deposit fund; or

                     (c)  a pooled superannuation trust.

superannuation entity affected by a reviewable decision, in relation to a reviewable decision, means the superannuation entity in relation to which the decision was made.

superannuation entity director has the meaning given by subsection 29VO(3).

superannuation fund means:

                     (a)  a fund that:

                              (i)  is an indefinitely continuing fund; and

                             (ii)  is a provident, benefit, superannuation or retirement fund; or

                     (b)  a public sector superannuation scheme.

superannuation interest means a beneficial interest in a superannuation entity.

suspended SMSF auditor means a person for whom an order suspending a person’s registration as an approved SMSF auditor is in force under section 130F.

switching fee has the meaning given by subsection 29V(5).

taxation officer means:

                     (a)  a Second Commissioner of Taxation; or

                     (b)  a Deputy Commissioner of Taxation; or

                     (c)  a person engaged under the Public Service Act 1999, or an officer or employee of an authority of the Commonwealth, performing duties in the Australian Taxation Office; or

                     (d)  a person engaged to provide services relating to the Australian Taxation Office.

trustee, in relation to a fund, scheme or trust, means:

                     (a)  if there is a trustee (within the ordinary meaning of that expression) of the fund, scheme or trust—the trustee; or

                     (b)  in any other case—the person who manages the fund, scheme or trust.

unit trust means:

                     (a)  a unit trust within the meaning of Division 6C of Part III of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 (whether established by a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory, by a government agency or otherwise); or

                     (b)  the trustee of such a trust;

as appropriate.

value means market value, and includes amount.

year of income, in relation to a fund, scheme or trust, means a period that is, for the purposes of the Income Tax Assessment Act, a year of income of the fund scheme, or trust (subsection 6(2A) of that Act applies accordingly).

          (1A)  The regulations may prescribe:

                     (a)  circumstances in which a member of a superannuation fund is not a defined benefit member for the purposes of this Act, or a provision of this Act; and

                     (b)  circumstances in which a member of a superannuation fund who is not otherwise a defined benefit member for the purposes of this Act, or a provision of this Act, is to be taken to be a defined benefit member for the purposes of this Act, or that provision.

             (2)  For the purposes of paragraph (b) of the definition of independent director in subsection (1), a director of a corporate trustee of a fund that is also an employer‑sponsor of the fund is not taken to be an associate of that employer‑sponsor by reason only of being such a director.

             (3)  Without limiting the meaning of the expression member in this Act, that expression, in relation to a self managed superannuation fund, includes a person:

                     (a)  who receives a pension from the fund; or

                     (b)  who has deferred his or her entitlement to receive a benefit from the fund.

             (4)  Treat an entity that is a superannuation fund as a self managed superannuation fund for the purposes of sections 6, 42 and 42A if:

                     (a)  it has ceased being a self managed superannuation fund for the purposes of the rest of this Act; and

                     (b)  the trustee of the fund is not an RSE licensee.

             (5)  For the purposes of paragraph (a) of the definition of relative in subsection (1), if one individual is the child of another individual because of the definition of child in subsection (1), relationships traced to, from or through the individual are to be determined in the same way as if the individual were the natural child of the other individual.

10A  Interdependency relationship

             (1)  Subject to subsection (3), for the purposes of this Act, 2 persons (whether or not related by family) have an interdependency relationship if:

                     (a)  they have a close personal relationship; and

                     (b)  they live together; and

                     (c)  one or each of them provides the other with financial support; and

                     (d)  one or each of them provides the other with domestic support and personal care.

             (2)  Subject to subsection (3), for the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  2 persons (whether or not related by family) satisfy the requirement of paragraph (1)(a); and

                     (b)  they do not satisfy the other requirements of an interdependency relationship under subsection (1); and

                     (c)  the reason they do not satisfy the other requirements is that either or both of them suffer from a physical, intellectual or psychiatric disability;

they have an interdependency relationship.

             (3)  The regulations may specify:

                     (a)  matters that are, or are not, to be taken into account in determining under subsection (1) or (2) whether 2 persons have an interdependency relationship; and

                     (b)  circumstances in which 2 persons have, or do not have, an interdependency relationship.

11  Approvals, determinations etc. by Regulator

                   If:

                     (a)  a provision of this Act refers to an approval given, determination made or other act or thing done by the Regulator; and

                     (b)  there is no other provision of this Act expressly authorising the Regulator to give the approval, make the determination or do the act or thing;

the Regulator is authorised to give the approval, make the determination or do the act or thing.

11A  Approved forms

             (1)  In this Act, a reference to an approved form is a reference to a form approved by the Regulator, in writing, for the purposes of the provision in which the expression appears.

             (2)  An approved form may require particular information to be included in the completed form.

             (3)  An approved form may do either or both of the following:

                     (a)  require or permit the form to be attached to, or to form part of, another document;

                     (b)  require or permit the form to be given on a specified kind of data processing device or by specified electronic transmission, in accordance with specified software or other requirements.

             (4)  An approved form may require the form to be signed by a particular person or persons. This applies whether or not a provision of this Act also requires the form to be signed.

             (5)  An approved form may make different requirements to be complied with according to whether or not the form is given in a way that is required or permitted as mentioned in paragraph (3)(b).

             (6)  If an approved form makes a requirement as mentioned in subsection (2), (3) or (4), a purported use of the form is not effective for the purposes of this Act unless the requirement has been complied with.

11B  Electronic lodgment of approved forms

             (1)  If a person gives the Regulator an approved form in a way that is required or permitted as mentioned in paragraph 11A(3)(b):

                     (a)  the form is taken to constitute a written notice; and

                     (b)  if the form includes the electronic signature of a person—the form is taken to be signed by that person.

             (2)  The person’s electronic signature is a unique identification, in an electronic form, that is approved by the Regulator for use by the person.

             (3)  A person is guilty of an offence if:

                     (a)  the person gives the Regulator an approved form in a way that is required or permitted as mentioned in paragraph 11A(3)(b); and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  the form purports to be given by another person; or

                             (ii)  the form purports to be given on behalf of another person, and that other person has not consented to the giving of the form.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (4)  A person is guilty of an offence if:

                     (a)  the person gives the Regulator an approved form in a way that is required or permitted as mentioned in paragraph 11A(3)(b); and

                     (b)  the form includes the electronic signature of another person who has not consented to the inclusion of the signature.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (5)  Subsections (3) and (4) are offences of strict liability within the meaning of section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

11C  Declaration required if approved form lodged electronically on trustee’s behalf

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  the Regulator is given an approved form in a way that is required or permitted as mentioned in paragraph 11A(3)(b); and

                     (b)  the form is given to the Regulator by a person on behalf of the trustee, or one or more of the trustees, of a superannuation entity.

In this section, the trustee, or each of the trustees, on whose behalf the form is given is referred to as the responsible trustee.

             (2)  The responsible trustee is guilty of an offence if the responsible trustee does not, before the form is given to the Regulator, make a signed declaration that states that:

                     (a)  the person is authorised to give the form to the Regulator on the responsible trustee’s behalf; and

                     (b)  the information in the form is correct.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (3)  The responsible trustee is guilty of an offence if the responsible trustee does not retain the declaration for 5 years after it is made.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (4)  The responsible trustee is guilty of an offence if:

                     (a)  within the 5 year period, the Regulator requests the responsible trustee to produce the declaration to the Regulator; and

                     (b)  the responsible trustee does not comply with the request.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (5)  Subsections (2), (3) and (4) are offences of strict liability within the meaning of section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

11D  Electronic lodgment—documents other than approved forms

             (1)  A document that is not required to be lodged in an approved form may be lodged with the Regulator electronically only if:

                     (a)  the Regulator and the person seeking to lodge it (either on the person’s own behalf or on another person’s behalf) have agreed, in writing, that it may be lodged electronically; or

                     (b)  the Regulator has approved, in writing, the electronic lodgment of documents of that kind.

             (2)  The document is taken to be lodged with the Regulator if it is lodged in accordance with the agreement or approval (including any requirements of the agreement or approval as to authentication).

11E  Approved guarantees

                   In this Act, an approved guarantee is:

                     (a)  a guarantee given by an ADI; or

                     (b)  a guarantee given by or on behalf of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory;

that meets the requirements that APRA, by legislative instrument, determines.

12  Associates

             (1)  The question whether a person is an associate of another person for the purposes of this Act is to be determined in the same way as that question would be determined under the Corporations Act 2001 if the assumptions set out in subsection (2) were made.

             (2)  The assumptions are as follows:

                     (a)  that sections 12 and 14 and paragraphs 15(1)(b) and 16(1)(b) and (c) of that Act had not been enacted;

                     (b)  that section 13 of that Act were not limited to Chapter 7, but extended to all provisions of that Act.

13  Single trustees

                   For the purposes of this Act:

                     (a)  a fund, scheme or trust has a single corporate trustee if, and only if, there is only one trustee of the fund, scheme or trust and that trustee is a corporate trustee; and

                     (b)  a fund, scheme or trust has a single individual trustee if, and only if, there is only one trustee of the fund, scheme or trust and that trustee is an individual trustee.

13A  RSE licensees that are groups of individual trustees

             (1)  Subject to this section, for the purposes of this Act, the regulations and the prudential standards, a change in the composition of a group of individual trustees that is an RSE licensee does not affect the continuity of the group of individual trustees for the duration of the period during which the RSE licence continues in force.

Note:          So, for example, an RSE licence granted to a group of individual trustees will not cease to continue in force, merely because of a change in the membership of the group.

             (2)  An obligation that would be imposed on an RSE licensee that is a group of individual trustees of a registrable superannuation entity by a provision of this Act, the regulations or the prudential standards is imposed instead on each of the trustees but, subject to the entity’s governing rules, may be discharged by any of them.

             (3)  A person who is a member of a group of individual trustees that is an RSE licensee is not liable under any offence of strict liability or civil penalty provision of this Act or the regulations in respect of any breach of a provision of this Act or the regulations, or failure, by the RSE licensee if the person proves that he or she:

                     (a)  made all inquiries (if any) that were reasonable in the circumstances; and

                     (b)  after doing so, believed on reasonable grounds that the obligations of the RSE licensee were being complied with.

Note:          In a prosecution for an offence of strict liability against a provision of this Act or the regulations, a defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the matters in subsection (3) (see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code).

             (4)  If a group of individual trustees is an RSE licensee, a direction, notice or other document is taken, for the purposes of a provision of this Act, the regulations or the prudential standards, to be given to the RSE licensee if it is given it to any member of the group.

             (5)  If a group of individual trustees of a registrable superannuation entity is an RSE licensee, a request is taken, for the purposes of a provision of this Act, the regulations or the prudential standards, to have been made to the RSE licensee if it is made to any member of the group and, subject to the entity’s governing rules, may be dealt with by any member of the group.

             (6)  Any requirement under this Act, the regulations or the prudential standards that a document be signed by an RSE licensee is taken, if the RSE licensee is a group of individual trustees, to be a requirement that the document be signed by each of the members of the group.

             (7)  An RSE licensee that is a group of individual trustees is taken, for the purposes of a provision of this Act, the regulations or the prudential standards, to have provided something to a person if one of the members of the group has provided that thing to the person.

             (8)  For the purposes of this Act and the regulations, if an RSE licensee that is a group of individual trustees is affected by a reviewable decision, each member of the group is taken to be affected by that decision.

             (9)  The regulations may exclude or modify the effect of the subsections of this section (other than subsections (2) and (3)) in relation to specified provisions.

           (10)  This section has effect subject to a contrary intention in a provision of this Act or regulations made for the purposes of subsection (9).

14  Indefinitely continuing fund—application of rules against perpetuities

                   If the governing rules of a fund contain a provision the purpose of which is to avoid a breach of a rule of law relating to perpetuities, that provision does not prevent the fund from being treated as an indefinitely continuing fund for the purposes of the definition of approved deposit fund or superannuation fund in section 10.

15  Approved deposit funds—payments by trustees

             (1)  For the purposes of paragraph (c) of the definition of approved purposes in section 10 and for the purposes of section 53, if:

                     (a)  a beneficiary has an interest in a fund; and

                     (b)  on the request of the beneficiary, an amount equal to the beneficiary’s interest is paid by the fund:

                              (i)  to a life insurance company or registered organisation for the purchase of an annuity in the name of the beneficiary; or

                             (ii)  into an RSA specified by the beneficiary;

the trustee of the fund is taken to have paid the amount to the beneficiary on request.

          (1A)  For the purposes of paragraph (c) of the definition of approved purposes in section 10 and for the purposes of section 53, if:

                     (a)  a beneficiary has an interest in a fund; and

                     (b)  on the request of the beneficiary, an amount equal to the beneficiary’s interest is paid by the fund to:

                              (i)  an approved deposit fund; or

                             (ii)  a regulated superannuation fund;

the trustee of the first‑mentioned fund is taken to have paid the amount to the beneficiary on request.

          (1B)  For the purposes of paragraph (c) of the definition of approved purposes in section 10, if a payment is not made immediately on request but is deferred for a period determined by the trustee concerned, the payment is taken to have been made on request.

             (2)  A reference in subsection (1) or (1A) to a beneficiary includes a reference to the legal personal representative of a beneficiary.

15A  Definitions of employee and employer

             (1)  Subject to this section, in this Act, employee and employer have their ordinary meaning. However, for the purposes of this Act, subsections (2) to (10):

                     (a)  expand the meaning of those terms; and

                     (b)  make particular provision to avoid doubt as to the status of certain persons.

             (2)  A person who is entitled to payment for the performance of duties as a member of the executive body (whether described as the board of directors or otherwise) of a body corporate is, in relation to those duties, an employee of the body corporate.

             (3)  If a person works under a contract that is wholly or principally for the labour of the person, the person is an employee of the other party to the contract.

             (4)  A member of the Parliament of the Commonwealth is an employee of the Commonwealth.

             (5)  A member of the Parliament of a State is an employee of the State.

             (6)  A member of the Legislative Assembly for the Australian Capital Territory is an employee of the Australian Capital Territory.

             (7)  A member of the Legislative Assembly of the Northern Territory is an employee of the Northern Territory.

             (8)  For the purposes of this Act:

                     (a)  a person who is paid to perform or present, or to participate in the performance or presentation of, any music, play, dance, entertainment, sport, display or promotional activity or any similar activity involving the exercise of intellectual, artistic, musical, physical or other personal skills is an employee of the person liable to make the payment; and

                     (b)  a person who is paid to provide services in connection with an activity referred to in paragraph (a) is an employee of the person liable to make the payment; and

                     (c)  a person who is paid to perform services in, or in connection with, the making of any film, tape or disc or of any television or radio broadcast is an employee of the person liable to make the payment.

             (9)  Subject to subsection (10), a person who:

                     (a)  holds, or performs the duties of, an appointment, office or position under the Constitution or under a law of the Commonwealth, of a State or of a Territory; or

                     (b)  is otherwise in the service of the Commonwealth, of a State or of a Territory (including service as a member of the Defence Force or as a member of a police force);

is an employee of the Commonwealth, the State or the Territory, as the case requires.

           (10)  A person who holds office as a member of a local government council is an employee of the council.

15B  Modified meaning of member

             (1)  The regulations may provide that a person is to be treated, or is not to be treated, as being a member of a superannuation fund for the purposes of this Act or specified provisions of this Act.

             (2)  This Act applies with such modifications (if any) as are prescribed in relation to a person who is a member of a superannuation fund because of regulations made for the purposes of this section.

16  Definitions associated with employer‑sponsorship

Employer‑sponsor

             (1)  An employer‑sponsor of a regulated superannuation fund is an employer who:

                     (a)  contributes to the fund; or

                     (b)  would, apart from a temporary cessation of contributions, contribute to the fund;

for the benefit of:

                     (c)  a member of the fund who is an employee of:

                              (i)  the employer; or

                             (ii)  an associate of the employer; or

                     (d)  the dependants of such a member in the event of the death of the member.

Standard employer‑sponsor

             (2)  If an employer so contributes, or would contribute, wholly or partly pursuant to an arrangement between the employer and a trustee of the regulated superannuation fund concerned, the employer is a standard employer‑sponsor of the fund (as well as being an employer‑sponsor of the fund). If the employer only so contributes, or would contribute, pursuant to arrangements between the employer and a member or members of the fund, the employer is not a standard employer‑sponsor.

Employer‑sponsored fund

             (3)  An employer‑sponsored fund is a regulated superannuation fund that has at least one employer‑sponsor.

Standard employer‑sponsored fund

             (4)  If a regulated superannuation fund has at least one standard employer‑sponsor, the fund is a standard employer‑sponsored fund (as well as being an employer‑sponsored fund).

Standard employer‑sponsored member

             (5)  A standard employer‑sponsored member is a member of a regulated superannuation fund in respect of whom an employer‑sponsor contributes, or would contribute, as mentioned in subsection (1) wholly or partly pursuant to an arrangement between the employer‑sponsor and a trustee of the fund.

17A  Definition of self managed superannuation fund

Basic conditions—funds other than single member funds

             (1)  Subject to this section, a superannuation fund, other than a fund with only one member, is a self managed superannuation fund if and only if it satisfies the following conditions:

                     (a)  it has fewer than 5 members;

                     (b)  if the trustees of the fund are individuals—each individual trustee of the fund is a member of the fund;

                     (c)  if the trustee of the fund is a body corporate—each director of the body corporate is a member of the fund;

                     (d)  each member of the fund:

                              (i)  is a trustee of the fund; or

                             (ii)  if the trustee of the fund is a body corporate—is a director of the body corporate;

                     (e)  no member of the fund is an employee of another member of the fund, unless the members concerned are relatives;

                      (f)  no trustee of the fund receives any remuneration from the fund or from any person for any duties or services performed by the trustee in relation to the fund;

                     (g)  if the trustee of the fund is a body corporate—no director of the body corporate receives any remuneration from the fund or from any person (including the body corporate) for any duties or services performed by the director in relation to the fund.

Note:          Section 17B contains exceptions to paragraphs (1)(f) and (g).

Basic conditions—single member funds

             (2)  Subject to this section, a superannuation fund with only one member is a self managed superannuation fund if and only if:

                     (a)  if the trustee of the fund is a body corporate:

                              (i)  the member is the sole director of the body corporate; or

                             (ii)  the member is one of only 2 directors of the body corporate, and the member and the other director are relatives; or

                            (iii)  the member is one of only 2 directors of the body corporate, and the member is not an employee of the other director; and

                     (b)  if the trustees of the fund are individuals:

                              (i)  the member is one of only 2 trustees, of whom one is the member and the other is a relative of the member; or

                             (ii)  the member is one of only 2 trustees, and the member is not an employee of the other trustee; and

                     (c)  no trustee of the fund receives any remuneration from the fund or from any person for any duties or services performed by the trustee in relation to the fund;

                     (d)  if the trustee of the fund is a body corporate—no director of the body corporate receives any remuneration from the fund or from any person (including the body corporate) for any duties or services performed by the director in relation to the fund.

Note:          Section 17B contains exceptions to paragraphs (2)(c) and (d).

Certain other persons may be trustees

             (3)  A superannuation fund does not fail to satisfy the conditions specified in subsection (1) or (2) by reason only that:

                     (a)  a member of the fund has died and the legal personal representative of the member is a trustee of the fund or a director of a body corporate that is the trustee of the fund, in place of the member, during the period:

                              (i)  beginning when the member of the fund died; and

                             (ii)  ending when death benefits commence to be payable in respect of the member of the fund; or

                     (b)  the legal personal representative of a member of the fund is a trustee of the fund or a director of a body corporate that is the trustee of the fund, in place of the member, during any period when:

                              (i)  the member of the fund is under a legal disability; or

                             (ii)  the legal personal representative has an enduring power of attorney in respect of the member of the fund; or

                     (c)  if a member of the fund is under a legal disability because of age and does not have a legal personal representative:

                              (i)  the parent or guardian of the member is a trustee of the fund in place of the member; or

                             (ii)  if the trustee of the fund is a body corporate—the parent or guardian of the member is a director of the body corporate in place of the member; or

                     (d)  an appointment under section 134 of an acting trustee of the fund is in force.

Circumstances in which entity that does not satisfy basic conditions remains a self managed superannuation fund

             (4)  Subject to subsection (5), if a superannuation fund that is a self managed superannuation fund would, apart from this subsection, cease to be a self managed superannuation fund, it does not so cease until the earlier of the following times:

                     (a)  the time an RSE licensee of the fund is appointed;

                     (b)  6 months after it would so cease to be a self managed superannuation fund.

Subsection (4) does not apply if admission of new members

             (5)  Subsection (4) does not, except for the purposes of section 29J, apply if the reason, or one of the reasons, why the superannuation fund would cease to be a self managed superannuation fund was the admission of one or more new members to the fund.

Extended meaning of employee in certain circumstances

             (6)  For the purposes of this section, a member of a fund, who is an employee of an employer‑sponsor of the fund, is also taken to be an employee of another person (the other person), if the employer‑sponsor is:

                     (a)  a relative of the other person; or

                     (b)  either of the following:

                              (i)  a body corporate of which the other person, or a relative of the other person, is a director;

                             (ii)  a body corporate related to that body corporate; or

                     (c)  a trustee of a trust of which the other person, or a relative of the other person, is a beneficiary; or

                     (d)  a partnership, where:

                              (i)  the other person, or a relative of the other person, is a partner in the partnership; or

                             (ii)  the other person, or a relative of the other person, is a director of a body corporate that is a partner in the partnership; or

                            (iii)  the other person, or a relative of the other person, is a beneficiary of a trust, if a trustee of the trust is a partner in the partnership.

Note 1:       An effect of this subsection is that a fund will not be a self managed superannuation fund if a member is employed by an employer‑sponsor of the fund, and another member (who is not a relative) has a specified interest in that employer‑sponsor: see paragraph (1)(e). An example of this would be where the employer‑sponsor is a company of which another member is a director.

Note 2:       Another effect is that a fund will not be a self managed superannuation fund if its single member is employed by an employer‑sponsor of the fund in which the other trustee of the fund (who is not a relative) has a specified interest: see subsection (2).

             (7)  Subsection (6) does not limit the meaning of the term employee.

Regulations

             (8)  For the purposes of this section:

                     (a)  a member of a fund is taken to be an employee of a person belonging to a class specified in the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph; and

                     (b)  despite subsections (6) and (7) and section 15A, a member of a fund is not taken to be an employee of a person belonging to a class specified in the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph.

Meaning of relative

             (9)  In this section:

relative, in relation to an individual, means:

                     (a)  a parent, child, grandparent, grandchild, sibling, aunt, uncle, great‑aunt, great‑uncle, niece, nephew, first cousin or second cousin of the individual or of his or her spouse or former spouse; or

                     (b)  a spouse or former spouse of the individual, or of an individual referred to in paragraph (a).

          (9A)  For the purposes of paragraph (a) of the definition of relative in subsection (9), if one individual is the child of another individual because of the definition of child in subsection 10(1), relationships traced to, from or through the individual are to be determined in the same way as if the individual were the natural child of the other individual.

Disqualified persons

           (10)  For the avoidance of doubt, subsection (3) does not permit a person, in the capacity of legal personal representative of a disqualified person (within the meaning of section 120), to be a trustee of a self managed superannuation fund or a director of a body corporate that is a trustee of a self managed superannuation fund.

17B  Definition of self managed superannuation fund—remuneration of trustees etc.

             (1)  Paragraphs 17A(1)(f) and (2)(c) do not apply to remuneration for any duties or services performed by a trustee of a fund, if:

                     (a)  the trustee performs the duties or services other than in the capacity of trustee; and

                     (b)  the trustee is appropriately qualified, and holds all necessary licences, to perform the duties or services; and

                     (c)  the trustee performs the duties or services in the ordinary course of a business, carried on by the trustee, of performing similar duties or services for the public; and

                     (d)  the remuneration is no more favourable to the trustee than that which it is reasonable to expect would apply if the trustee were dealing with the relevant other party at arm’s length in the same circumstances.

             (2)  Paragraphs 17A(1)(g) and (2)(d) do not apply to remuneration for any duties or services performed by a director of a body corporate that is a trustee of a fund, if:

                     (a)  the director performs the duties or services other than:

                              (i)  in the capacity of director; and

                             (ii)  in connection with the body corporate’s capacity of trustee; and

                     (b)  the director is appropriately qualified, and holds all necessary licences, to perform the duties or services; and

                     (c)  the director performs the duties or services in the ordinary course of a business, carried on by the director, of performing similar duties or services for the public; and

                     (d)  the remuneration is no more favourable to the director than that which it is reasonable to expect would apply if the director were dealing with the relevant other party at arm’s length in the same circumstances.

18  Public offer superannuation fund

Definition

             (1)  A superannuation fund is a public offer superannuation fund if:

                     (a)  one of the following subparagraphs applies to the fund:

                              (i)  it is a regulated superannuation fund that is not a standard employer‑sponsored fund;

                             (ii)  it is a standard employer‑sponsored fund that has at least one member:

                                        (A)  who is not a standard employer‑sponsored member; and

                                        (B)  who is not a member of a prescribed class;

                            (iii)  it is a standard employer‑sponsored fund in relation to which an election under subsection (2) has been made;

                            (iv)  a declaration under subsection (6) (which allows for funds to be declared to be public offer superannuation funds) is in force in relation to the fund; and

                    (aa)  the fund is not a self managed superannuation fund; and

                     (b)  no declaration under subsection (7) (which allows for funds to be declared not to be public offer superannuation funds) is in force in relation to the fund.

Election to be a public offer superannuation fund

             (2)  The trustee of a standard employer‑sponsored fund may elect that the fund is to be treated as a public offer superannuation fund.

How an election is made

             (3)  An election must be made by giving APRA a written notice that is:

                     (a)  in the approved form; and

                     (b)  signed by the trustee.

Trustee has power to make election despite anything in the governing rules

             (4)  The trustee has the power to make an election despite anything in the governing rules of the fund.

Election is irrevocable

             (5)  An election is irrevocable.

Declaration that fund is a public offer superannuation fund

             (6)  APRA may, in writing, declare a superannuation fund to be a public offer superannuation fund.

Declaration that fund is not a public offer superannuation fund

             (7)  APRA may, in writing, declare a superannuation fund not to be a public offer superannuation fund.

          (7A)  A declaration that a superannuation fund is not a public offer superannuation fund may be subject to conditions.

          (7B)  If a condition has been breached the trustee must immediately notify APRA, in writing, of the breach.

Penalty:  30 penalty units.

       (7BA)  Subsection (7B) is an offence of strict liability.

Note 1:       Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

Note 2:       For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

          (7C)  If APRA is satisfied, whether because of a notification under subsection (7B) or otherwise, that a condition to which the declaration is subject has been breached:

                     (a)  APRA may revoke the declaration; and

                     (b)  the superannuation fund is taken, with effect from the revocation, to have become a public offer superannuation fund.

Commencement of declaration

             (8)  A declaration comes into force when it is made, or, if a later time is specified in the declaration as the time when it comes into force, it comes into force at that later time.

Cessation of declaration

             (9)  A declaration remains in force:

                     (a)  if a time is specified in the declaration as the time when it stops being in force—until that time, or until the declaration is revoked, whichever occurs first; or

                     (b)  otherwise—until the declaration is revoked.

Revocation of declaration

           (10)  APRA may, in writing, revoke a declaration.

APRA must have regard to guidelines when making or revoking a declaration

           (11)  When making or revoking a declaration, APRA must have regard to any written guidelines determined by APRA under this subsection.

Copy of declaration or revocation to be given to trustee

           (12)  As soon as practicable after making or revoking a declaration, APRA must give the trustee of the superannuation fund concerned a copy of the instrument making or revoking the declaration.

19  Regulated superannuation fund

Definition

             (1)  A regulated superannuation fund is a superannuation fund in respect of which subsections (2) to (4) have been complied with.

Fund must have a trustee

             (2)  The superannuation fund must have a trustee.

Trustee must be a constitutional corporation or fund must be a pension fund

             (3)  Either of the following must apply:

                     (a)  the trustee of the fund must be a constitutional corporation pursuant to a requirement contained in the governing rules;

                     (b)  the governing rules must provide that the sole or primary purpose of the fund is the provision of old‑age pensions.

Election by trustee

             (4)  The trustee or trustees must have given to APRA, or such other body or person as is specified in the regulations, a written notice that is:

                     (a)  in the approved form; and

                     (b)  signed by the trustee or each trustee;

electing that this Act is to apply in relation to the fund.

Note:          The approved form of written notice may require the trustee or the trustees to set out the tax file number of the fund. See subsection 299U(1).

Regulations

          (4A)  Without limiting subsection (4), regulations for the purposes of that subsection may specify that notices are to be given to different persons or bodies in respect of different classes of superannuation funds.

Election is irrevocable

             (5)  An election made as mentioned in subsection (4) is irrevocable.

Trustee has power to make election despite anything in the governing rules etc.

             (6)  The trustee or trustees have the power to make an election as mentioned in subsection (4) despite anything in the governing rules of the fund.

Certain funds must become regulated superannuation funds

             (7)  If all of the following conditions are satisfied in relation to a superannuation fund at any time during the period beginning on the day on which this Act received the Royal Assent and ending at the end of the fund’s 1993‑94 year of income:

                     (a)  the fund has a trustee;

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  the trustee of the fund is a constitutional corporation; or

                             (ii)  the governing rules of the fund provide that the sole or primary purpose of the fund is the provision of old‑age pensions;

                     (c)  the fund is not a public sector superannuation scheme;

                     (d)  there is in force a notice under section 12 or 13 of the Occupational Superannuation Standards Act 1987 stating that the Commissioner is satisfied that the fund satisfied, or should be treated as if it had satisfied, the superannuation fund conditions in relation to a particular year of income;

                     (e)  there is not in force a notice under section 12 or 13 of the Occupational Superannuation Standards Act 1987 stating that the Commissioner is not satisfied that the fund satisfied the superannuation fund conditions in relation to a year of income later than the year of income mentioned in paragraph (d);

the trustee of the fund must use its best endeavours to ensure that the fund becomes a regulated superannuation fund at or before the beginning of the fund’s 1994‑95 year of income.

Contravention of subsection (7) is not an offence

             (8)  A contravention of subsection (7) is not an offence. However, a contravention of subsection (7) is a ground for the grant of an injunction under section 315.

References to repealed provisions of OSSA

             (9)  A reference in this section to a provision of the Occupational Superannuation Standards Act 1987 includes a reference to the provision as it continues to apply, despite its repeal, because of the Occupational Superannuation Standards Amendment Act 1993.

20  Related bodies corporate

                   The question whether bodies corporate are related to each other for the purposes of this Act is to be determined in the same way as that question would be determined under the Corporations Act 2001.

20A  Resident approved deposit funds

Resident approved deposit funds

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, an approved deposit fund is a resident approved deposit fund at a particular time if, and only if:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  the fund was established in Australia; or

                             (ii)  at that time, any asset of the fund is situated in Australia; and

                     (b)  at that time, the central management and control of the fund is in Australia; and

                     (c)  at that time, the percentage worked out using the following formula is not less than 50%:

                            where:

                            Accumulated entitlements of resident members means the sum of so much of the value of the assets of the fund at that time as is attributable to:

                              (i)  deposits made to the fund before that time by or in respect of members of the fund who are residents at that time; and

                             (ii)  income or accretions arising from those deposits.

                            Total assets of fund means the value of the assets of the fund at that time.

Definitions

             (2)  In this section:

Australia has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936.

member includes depositor.

resident has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936.

20B  Accrued default amounts

             (1)  Subject to this section, the total amount attributed by the trustee, or the trustees, of a regulated superannuation fund to a member of the fund is an accrued default amount for the member if subsection (1A) or (1B) is satisfied.

          (1A)  This subsection is satisfied if the member has given the trustee, or the trustees, of the fund no direction on the investment option under which the asset (or assets) of the fund attributed to the member in relation to the amount (the member’s underlying asset(s)) is to be invested.

          (1B)  This subsection is satisfied if the investment option under which the asset (or assets) of the fund attributed to the member in relation to the amount (the member’s underlying asset(s)) is invested is one which, under the current governing rules of the fund, would be the investment option for a new member if no direction were given.

             (2)  Such an amount is not an accrued default amount to the extent that the amount is attributed to the member in relation to a MySuper product.

             (3)  Such an amount is not an accrued default amount:

                     (a)  if the member is a defined benefit member of the fund; or

                     (b)  if the fund is an eligible rollover fund; or

                     (c)  to the extent that the member’s underlying asset(s) is invested in one or more of the following:

                              (i)  a life policy under which contributions and accumulated earnings may not be reduced by negative investment returns or any reduction in the value of assets in which the policy is invested;

                             (ii)  a life policy under which the benefit to the member (or a relative or dependant of the member) is based only on the realisation of a risk, not the performance of an investment;

                            (iii)  an investment account contract the only beneficiaries of which are the member, and relatives and dependants of the member;

                            (iv)  an investment option under which the investment is held as cash; or

                     (d)  to the extent that a pension is payable out of the member’s underlying asset(s), because the member has satisfied a condition of release of benefits specified in a standard made under paragraph 31(2)(h).

          (3A)  For the purposes of subsection (1A), if:

                     (a)  benefits of a person in a regulated superannuation fund (the earlier fund) are transferred to another regulated superannuation fund (the later fund); and

                     (b)  the person gave or (because of a previous application of this subsection) is taken to have given the trustee, or the trustees, of the earlier fund a direction on the investment option under which an asset (or assets) of the earlier fund is to be invested; and

                     (c)  an amount attributable to the person is invested under an equivalent investment option offered by the later fund (the equivalent investment option);

the person is taken to have given the trustee, or the trustees, of the later fund a direction to invest in the equivalent investment option any asset (or assets) of the later fund that is attributed to the person in relation to an amount attributed to the person.

             (4)  In this section:

investment account contract has the same meaning as in the Life Insurance Act 1995.

life policy has the same meaning as in the Life Insurance Act 1995.

Part 2ALicensing of trustees and groups of individual trustees

Division 1Object of this Part

29A  Object of this Part and the relationship of this Part to other provisions

             (1)  The object of this Part is to set out provisions relating to the granting of RSE licences to:

                     (a)  constitutional corporations; and

                     (b)  other bodies corporate; and

                     (c)  groups of individual trustees.

             (2)  The following is a simplified outline showing some key relationships between this Part and other provisions of the Act and the regulations that trustees should be aware of:

Certain provisions may be contravened if unlicensed trustees carry out particular activities (e.g.: sections 29J and 152). The trustee, or group of individual trustees, of a fund or trust may obtain an RSE licence under this Part.

                   Note 1:          If the trustee is a constitutional corporation, the trustee obtaining an RSE licence may result in a fund or trust becoming an approved deposit fund or pooled superannuation trust, which are each registrable superannuation entities.

                   Note 2:          If the trustee or group of individual trustees makes an election under section 19, the fund may become a regulated superannuation fund. Regulated superannuation funds other than self managed superannuation funds are registrable superannuation entities.

A trustee, or group of individual trustees, that has obtained an RSE licence may have a registrable superannuation entity registered under Part 2B. Certain provisions may be contravened if certain activities are carried out while a registrable superannuation entity is not registered (e.g.: accepting contributions while the entity is unregistered may lead to an offence under section 34.)

                   Note:             A failure to register the fund or trust may also lead to a breach of an RSE licence condition and possible loss of the RSE licence.

Division 2Classes of RSE licences

29B  Classes of RSE licences

             (1)  There are to be classes of RSE licences.

             (2)  One class of RSE licences is to be a class that enables a trustee that holds a licence of that class to be a trustee of:

                     (a)  any public offer entity; and

                     (b)  any other registrable superannuation entity included in a class of registrable superannuation entities specified in regulations made for the purposes of this subsection;

subject to any condition imposed on that licence under subsection 29EA(3).

Note 1:       An RSE licence of this class is called a public offer entity licence: see subsection 10(1).

Note 2:       Only constitutional corporations may hold public offer entity licences: see paragraph 29D(1)(g).

             (3)  Another class of RSE licences is to be a class that enables a trustee that:

                     (a)  holds a licence of that class; or

                     (b)  is a member of a group of individual trustees that holds a licence of that class;

to be a trustee of any registrable superannuation entity included in a class of registrable superannuation entities (other than a class of public offer entities) specified in regulations made for the purposes of this subsection, subject to any condition imposed on that licence under subsection 29EA(3).

             (4)  The regulations may provide for other classes of RSE licences. For each such class, the regulations must specify the classes of registrable superannuation entities of which a trustee that:

                     (a)  holds a licence of that class; or

                     (b)  is a member of a group of individual trustees that holds a licence of that class;

is enabled to be a trustee, subject to any condition imposed on that licence under subsection 29EA(3).

             (5)  The classes of registrable superannuation entity that the regulations may specify in relation to a particular class of RSE licence may include one or more classes of registrable superannuation entity that the regulations specify in relation to another class of RSE licence.

Division 3Applying for RSE licences

29C  Applications for RSE licences

Who may apply for RSE licences

             (1)  A constitutional corporation may apply to APRA for an RSE licence of any class.

             (2)  A body corporate that is not a constitutional corporation may apply to APRA for an RSE licence of any class other than a class that would enable it to be a trustee of a public offer entity.

             (3)  A group of individual trustees may apply to APRA for an RSE licence of any class other than a class that would enable each of the members of the group to be a trustee of a public offer entity.

Requirements for applications

             (4)  An application for an RSE licence must:

                     (a)  be in the approved form; and

                     (b)  contain the information required by the approved form; and

                     (c)  be accompanied by the application fee (if any) prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

             (5)  Regulations made for the purposes of paragraph (4)(c) may prescribe different application fees for applications for different classes of RSE licences.

Notifying certain changes while applications are pending

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  a body corporate applies for an RSE licence; and

                     (b)  after the application is made, but before APRA decides the application, another director is added to, or removed from the board;

the body corporate must notify APRA, in the approved form, about the change to the membership of the board as soon as practicable after that change occurs.

Note:          Part 9 has requirements about equal representation rules.

             (7)  If:

                     (a)  a group of individual trustees applies for an RSE licence; and

                     (b)  after the application is made, but before APRA decides the application, another trustee is added to, or removed from the group;

a member of the group must notify APRA, in the approved form, about the change to the membership of the group as soon as practicable after that change occurs.

Note:          Part 9 has requirements about equal representation rules.

             (9)  An application is taken not to comply with this section if subsection (6) or (7) is contravened.

Note:          APRA cannot grant an RSE licence while the application does not comply with this section: see paragraph 29D(1)(c).

29CA  APRA may request further information

             (1)  If a body corporate or group of individual trustees has applied for an RSE licence, APRA may give the body corporate or a member of the group a notice requesting the body or group to give APRA, in writing, specified information relating to the application by a specified time that is reasonable in the circumstances.

             (2)  APRA may decide to treat an application by a body corporate or group of individual trustees for an RSE licence as having been withdrawn if the body or group:

                     (a)  does not comply with a request to provide information under this section; and

                     (b)  does not have a reasonable excuse for not complying.

             (3)  If APRA decides under subsection (2) to treat an application for an RSE licence as having been withdrawn, APRA must take all reasonable steps to ensure that the body that made the application, or a member of the group that made the application, is given a notice informing the body or group of:

                     (a)  APRA’s decision; and

                     (b)  the reasons for that decision;

as soon as practicable after making the decision.

29CB  Period etc. for deciding applications from existing trustees in licensing transition period

Statements of intention to apply

             (1)  A person who was a trustee of a registrable superannuation entity at the start of the licensing transition period may give APRA a written statement that:

                     (a)  is in the approved form; and

                     (b)  indicates whether the person intends to apply under section 29C for an RSE licence; and

                     (c)  lists the registrable superannuation entities that the person intends to apply to have registered under Part 2B if the RSE licence is granted.

Period for deciding applications

             (2)  Subject to subsection (3), APRA must decide an application for an RSE licence before the end of the licensing transition period if:

                     (a)  the application is received by APRA during that period; and

                     (b)  the application is for an RSE licence to be granted to:

                              (i)  a body corporate that was a trustee of a registrable superannuation entity at the start of the licensing transition period; or

                             (ii)  a group of individual trustees that has a member who was a trustee of a registrable superannuation entity at the start of the licensing transition period.

             (3)  At any time in the last 6 months of the licensing transition period, APRA may refuse to consider under subsection (2) any further applications for RSE licences that are received by APRA in the last 6 months before the end of the licensing transition period for RSE licences to be granted to:

                     (a)  bodies corporate that were trustees of registrable superannuation entities at the start of the licensing transition period; or

                     (b)  groups of individual trustees with one or more members who were each a trustee of a registrable superannuation entity at the start of the licensing transition period.

             (4)  If APRA decides to refuse, under subsection (3), to consider under subsection (2) any further applications, APRA must, as soon as practicable after making the decision, publish a notice stating APRA’s decision in a daily newspaper that circulates generally in each State and Territory.

             (5)  If APRA decides to refuse, under subsection (3), to consider under subsection (2) an application, that application is taken, at the end of the licensing transition period, to have been received by APRA immediately after the end of the licensing transition period.

29CC  Period for deciding other applications

             (1)  APRA must decide an application for an RSE licence within 90 days after receiving it if:

                     (a)  the application is received by APRA after the end of the licensing transition period; or

                     (b)  the application is received by APRA during the licensing transition period and is for an RSE license to be granted to:

                              (i)  a body corporate that was not a trustee of a registrable superannuation entity at the start of the licensing transition period; or

                             (ii)  a group of individual trustees that has no members that were a trustee of a registrable superannuation entity at the start of the licensing transition period;

unless APRA extends the period for deciding the application under subsection (2).

             (2)  APRA may extend the period for deciding an application covered by paragraph (1)(a) or (b) by up to 30 days if APRA informs the body corporate, or a member of the group, that made the application of the extension:

                     (a)  in writing; and

                     (b)  within 90 days after receiving the application.

             (3)  If APRA extends the period for deciding the application, it must decide the application within the extended period.

             (4)  If APRA has not decided the application by the end of the period by which it is required to decide the application, APRA is taken to have decided, at the end of the last day of that period, to refuse the application.

Division 4Grant of RSE licences

29D  Grant of RSE licences

             (1)  APRA must grant an RSE licence to a body corporate, or group of individual trustees, that has applied for an RSE licence if, and only if:

                     (a)  APRA has no reason to believe that:

                              (i)  if the application is made by a body corporate—the body corporate; or

                             (ii)  if the application is made by a group of individual trustees—the group as a whole or any member of the group;

                            would fail to comply with the RSE licensee law if the RSE licence were granted; and

                     (b)  APRA has no reason to believe that:

                              (i)  if the application is made by a body corporate—the body corporate; or

                             (ii)  if the application is made by a group of individual trustees—the group as a whole or any member of the group;

                            would fail to comply with any condition imposed on the RSE licence if it were granted; and

                     (c)  the application for the licence complies with section 29C and is for a class of licence that the body corporate or group of individual trustees may apply for under that section; and

                     (d)  APRA is satisfied that:

                              (i)  if the application is made by a body corporate—the body corporate meets the requirements of the prudential standards relating to fitness and propriety for RSE licensees; or

                             (ii)  if the application is made by a group of individual trustees—the group as a whole meets the requirements of the prudential standards relating to fitness and propriety for RSE licensees and each of the members of the group meets the requirements of the prudential standards relating to fitness and propriety for members of groups of trustees that are RSE licensees; and

                      (f)  in a case where the applicant is not a constitutional corporation—APRA is satisfied that:

                              (i)  if the application is made by a body corporate—the body corporate; or

                             (ii)  if the application is made by a group of individual trustees—each member of the group;

                            only intends to act as a trustee of one or more superannuation funds that have governing rules providing that the sole or primary purpose of the fund is the provision of old‑age pensions; and

                     (g)  in a case where the application is for a licence of a class that enables a trustee that holds a licence of the class to be a trustee of a public offer entity subject to any condition imposed under subsection 29EA(3)—APRA is satisfied that the applicant is a constitutional corporation; and

                     (h)  the application has not been withdrawn, treated as withdrawn under subsection 29CA(2), refused consideration under subsection 29CB(3) or taken to have been refused under subsection 29CC(4).

Note 1:       Conditions apply to all RSE licences. See Division 5.

Note 2:       An RSE licence may only be granted to a body corporate or a group of individual trustees because only bodies corporate and groups of individual trustees may apply for RSE licences. See section 29C.

             (2)  Otherwise APRA must refuse the application.

29DB  Notice of class of licence

                   If APRA decides to grant an RSE licence to a body corporate or group of individual trustees, APRA must give the body corporate or group an RSE licence that specifies the class of licence granted.

29DC  Documents required to bear ABNs

             (1)  An RSE licensee must ensure that its ABN is included in:

                     (a)  each document that it gives to APRA in the capacity of an RSE licensee; and

                     (b)  any other document in which it identifies itself as an RSE licensee of a registrable superannuation entity; and

                     (c)  if the RSE licensee is a body corporate—any document in which the body corporate identifies itself as a trustee of a registrable superannuation entity; or

                     (d)  if the RSE licensee is a group of individual trustees—any document in which a member of the group identifies itself as a trustee of a registrable superannuation entity or as a member of a group of individual trustees that are the RSE licensee of a registrable superannuation entity.

             (2)  However, an RSE licensee is not required to comply with subsection (1) in respect of a particular document if it has been given written approval by APRA not to be required to ensure that its ABN is included in that document or in a class of documents that includes that document.

29DD  Licence period

             (1)  An RSE licence comes into force at the later of:

                     (a)  the time when it is granted; or

                     (b)  the time specified on the licence as the time when it comes into force.

             (2)  An RSE licence continues in force, subject to:

                     (a)  any imposition of licence conditions under Division 5; or

                     (b)  any variation or revocation of the licence conditions, or variation of the licence class, under Division 6;

until the RSE licence is cancelled under Division 7.

29DE  APRA to give notice of refusal of applications

                   If APRA refuses an application by a body corporate or a group of individual trustees for an RSE licence, APRA must take all reasonable steps to ensure that the body or a member of the group is given a notice informing the body or group of:

                     (a)  APRA’s refusal of the application; and

                     (b)  the reasons for that refusal;

as soon as practicable after refusing the application.

Division 5Conditions on RSE licences

29E  Conditions imposed on all licences and on groups of licences

Conditions imposed on all RSE licences

             (1)  The following conditions are imposed on all RSE licences:

                     (a)  the RSE licensee and, if the RSE licensee is a group of individual trustees, each of the members of the group, must comply with the RSE licensee law;

                     (b)  the duties of a trustee in respect of each registrable superannuation entity of which it is an RSE licensee must be properly performed by:

                              (i)  if the RSE licensee is a body corporate—the body corporate; or

                             (ii)  if the RSE licensee is a group of individual trustees—each of the members of the group;

                   (ba)  the RSE licensee must:

                              (i)  have an ABN; or

                             (ii)  have made an application for an ABN that has not been refused under the A New Tax System (Australian Business Number) Act 1999;

                     (d)  the RSE licensee must ensure that each registrable superannuation entity of which it is the RSE licensee is:

                              (i)  registered under Part 2B; or

                             (ii)  the subject of an application for registration under Part 2B that has not been finally determined or otherwise disposed of;

                    (ea)  the RSE licensee must ensure that each registrable superannuation entity of which it is an RSE licensee has an ABN;

                      (f)  the RSE licensee must notify APRA of any change in the composition of the RSE licensee (see subsection (2)) within 14 days after the change takes place;

                     (g)  the RSE licensee must comply with any other conditions prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Note 1:       Breach of a licence condition may lead to consequences such as a direction from APRA to comply with the condition (see section 29EB) or cancellation of the licence (see section 29G).

Note 2:       An RSE licensee must notify APRA if the RSE licensee breaches a licence condition: see section 29JA.

Note 3:       Additional conditions may be imposed on various types of RSE licences (see subsections (3) to (7)) or a particular RSE licence (see section 29EA).

Change in the composition of the RSE licensee

             (2)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(f), a change in the composition of the RSE licensee is:

                     (a)  if the RSE licensee is a body corporate—a person becoming, or ceasing to be, a director of the body corporate; or

                     (b)  if the RSE licensee is a group of individual trustees—an individual becoming, or ceasing to be, a member of the group.

             (3)  An additional condition is imposed on each RSE licence that enables a trustee that holds a licence of that class to be a trustee of a public offer entity. The condition is that the RSE licensee that holds the licence must continue to be a constitutional corporation.

Licences held by RSE licensees that are not constitutional corporations

             (4)  The following additional condition is imposed on each RSE licence that is not held by a constitutional corporation:

                     (a)  if the RSE licensee that holds the licence is a body corporate—that the body; or

                     (b)  if the RSE licensee is a group of individual trustees—that the members of the group;

only act as a trustee of superannuation funds that have governing rules providing that the sole or primary purpose of the fund is the provision of old‑age pensions.

Licences held by groups of individual trustees

             (5)  The following additional conditions are imposed on each RSE licence held by a group of individual trustees:

                     (a)  the members of the group must make all reasonable efforts to ensure that the group always has at least 2 members;

                     (b)  any continuous period for which the group has less than 2 members must be 90 days or less.

Note:          Paragraph 29E(1)(f) requires APRA to be notified of any change in the composition of the RSE licensee.

Licences held by RSE licensees of transferee funds

             (6)  An additional condition is imposed on each RSE licence held by an RSE licensee of a fund that has had benefits of members and beneficiaries transferred to it from a transferor fund under Part 18 (whether while the RSE licensee was the RSE licensee of the fund or earlier). The condition is that, while the RSE licensee is the RSE licensee of the fund, the RSE licensee assumes the obligation to pay benefits to those who were members or beneficiaries of the transferor fund immediately before the transfer.

RSE licensees authorised to offer MySuper products

          (6A)  The following additional conditions are imposed on each RSE licensee that is authorised to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product:

                     (a)  the RSE licensee must ensure that the governing rules of the fund are not varied so that section 29TC is no longer satisfied in relation to that class of interest;

                     (b)  the RSE licensee must ensure that the governing rules of the fund relating to that class of interest are not contravened.

RSE licensees who apply for authority to offer MySuper product

          (6B)  An additional condition is imposed on each RSE licensee who makes an application under section 29S for authority to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product. The condition is that the RSE licensee must give effect to elections made in accordance with sections 29SAA, 29SAB and 29SAC.

RSE licensees who apply for authority to operate eligible rollover funds

          (6C)  An additional condition is imposed on each RSE licensee who makes an application under section 242A for authority to operate a regulated superannuation fund as an eligible rollover fund. The condition is that the RSE licensee must give effect to an election made in accordance with section 242B.

RSE licensees authorised to operate eligible rollover funds

          (6D)  An additional condition is imposed on each RSE licensee that is authorised to operate a regulated superannuation fund as an eligible rollover fund. The condition is that the RSE licensee must ensure that the governing rules of the fund are not varied so that:

                     (a)  the only purpose of the fund is no longer to be a temporary repository for amounts transferred to the fund from other regulated superannuation funds in circumstances allowed by the RSE licensee law; or

                     (b)  a single diversified investment strategy is no longer adopted in relation to assets of the fund.

Complying with rules relating to merging multiple accounts in a superannuation entity

          (6E)  The following additional condition is imposed on each RSE licence that relates to a superannuation entity for which the RSE licensee has obligations under section 108A. The condition is that the RSE licensee must ensure that the rules that that section requires in relation to the superannuation entity are complied with.

Prescribed conditions imposed on classes of licences

             (7)  An additional condition prescribed by a regulation made for the purposes of this subsection as a condition applying to all RSE licences of a specified class is imposed on each RSE licence of that class.

             (8)  A specified class mentioned in subsection (7) may be a class other than a class provided for under subsection 29B(2) or (3) or under regulations made for the purposes of subsection 29B(4).

29EA  Additional conditions imposed on individual licences by APRA

             (1)  APRA may, at any time, impose an additional condition on an RSE licence by giving the RSE licensee a notice setting out the additional condition.

             (2)  A condition imposed under subsection (1) must not be inconsistent with any condition imposed by, or under, section 29E on an RSE licence.

Note 1:       Breach of a licence condition may lead to consequences such as a direction from APRA to comply with the condition (see section 29EB) or cancellation of the licence (see section 29G).

Note 2:       An RSE licensee must notify APRA if the RSE licensee breaches a licence condition: see section 29JA.

Note 3:       RSE licensees may apply to APRA to have conditions imposed under this section varied or revoked: see section 29F.

          (2A)  A condition may be expressed to have effect despite anything in the prudential standards.

             (3)  Without limiting subsection (1), an additional condition imposed under that subsection on an RSE licence may provide that the body corporate that is the RSE licensee, or each of the members of a group of individual trustees that is the RSE licensee, must not act as a trustee under that RSE licence for a registrable superannuation entity other than:

                     (a)  a registrable superannuation entity specified in the condition; or

                     (b)  a registrable superannuation entity included in the class of registrable superannuation entities specified in the condition.

             (4)  Without limiting subsection (1), an additional condition imposed under that subsection on an RSE licence may provide that the RSE licensee must ensure that a fund specified in the condition, or in a class of funds specified in the condition, must comply with the alternative agreed representation rules whenever section 92 applies to the fund. However, before imposing such a condition, APRA must have regard to any written guidelines determined by APRA under this subsection.

             (5)  If the RSE licensee is also a financial services licensee:

                     (a)  APRA must consult ASIC before imposing a condition that, in APRA’s opinion, might reasonably be expected to affect the RSE licensee’s ability to provide one or more of the financial services (within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001) that the RSE licensee provides; and

                     (b)  APRA must inform ASIC about the imposition of any condition not covered by paragraph (a) within one week after the condition is imposed.

             (6)  A failure to comply with a requirement of subsection (5) does not invalidate the imposition of any condition.

             (7)  An additional condition imposed under this section comes into force on the later of:

                     (a)  the day on which APRA gives the RSE licensee the notice of the condition; or

                     (b)  the day specified in the notice as the day on which the condition comes into force.

29EB  Directions to comply with licence conditions

                   APRA may direct an RSE licensee to comply with a specified condition of its RSE licence by a specified time if APRA has reasonable grounds to believe that the RSE licensee has breached the condition. The direction must:

                     (a)  be by notice in writing given to the RSE licensee; and

                     (b)  specify a time that is reasonable in the circumstances.

Note:          A failure to comply with a direction may lead to cancellation of the RSE licence (see section 29G) and may be an offence (see section 29JB).

Division 6Varying RSE licences

29F  Applications for variation of RSE licences

             (1)  An RSE licensee may apply to APRA for one or both of the following:

                     (a)  variation of its RSE licence so that the RSE licence is an RSE licence of a different class;

                     (b)  variation or revocation of a condition that APRA has imposed on its RSE licence under section 29EA.

             (2)  An application under this section must:

                     (a)  be in the approved form; and

                     (b)  contain the information required by the approved form; and

                     (c)  if the application is for a variation of an RSE licence so that it is an RSE licence of a different class—be accompanied by the application fee (if any) prescribed for the type of variation by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

29FA  APRA may request further information

             (1)  APRA may give an RSE licensee that makes an application under section 29F a notice requesting the RSE licensee to give APRA, in writing, specified information relating to the application by a specified time that is reasonable in the circumstances.

             (2)  APRA may decide to treat an application under section 29F as having been withdrawn if the RSE licensee:

                     (a)  does not comply with a request to provide information under this section; and

                     (b)  does not have a reasonable excuse for not complying.

             (3)  If APRA decides to treat an application under section 29F as having been withdrawn, APRA must take all reasonable steps to ensure that the RSE licensee is given a notice informing the RSE licensee of:

                     (a)  APRA’s decision; and

                     (b)  the reasons for that decision;

as soon as practicable after making the decision.

29FB  Period for deciding applications

             (1)  APRA must decide an application under section 29F within 60 days of receiving the application, unless APRA extends the period for deciding the application under subsection (2).

             (2)  APRA may extend the period for deciding an application under section 29F by up to 60 days if APRA informs the RSE licensee of the extension:

                     (a)  in writing; and

                     (b)  within 60 days of receiving the application.

             (3)  If APRA extends the period for deciding an application under section 29F, it must decide the application within the extended period.

             (4)  If APRA has not decided an application under section 29F by the end of the period by which it is required to decide the application, APRA is taken to have decided, at the end of the last day of that period, to refuse the application.

29FC  APRA may vary RSE licences in accordance with applications

             (1)  APRA may, by notice to an RSE licensee:

                     (a)  vary the RSE licensee’s RSE licence so that it is an RSE licence of a different class; or

                     (b)  vary or revoke a condition that APRA has imposed on the RSE licence under section 29EA;

in accordance with an application under section 29F.

             (2)  However:

                     (a)  an RSE licence must not be varied so that it becomes an RSE licence of a particular class unless APRA is satisfied that the RSE licensee will comply with any conditions imposed on that class of RSE licence; and

                     (b)  a condition as varied under paragraph (1)(b) must not be inconsistent with any condition imposed by section 29E; and

                     (c)  if the RSE licensee is also a financial services licensee:

                              (i)  APRA must consult ASIC before varying the RSE licence so that it is an RSE licence of a different class, if, in APRA’s opinion, the variation might reasonably be expected to affect the RSE licensee’s ability to provide one or more of the financial services (within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001) that the RSE licensee provides; and

                             (ii)  APRA must consult ASIC before varying or revoking a condition that, in APRA’s opinion, might reasonably be expected to affect the RSE licensee’s ability to provide one or more of the financial services (within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001) that the RSE licensee provides; and

                            (iii)  APRA must consult ASIC before varying a condition so that it would, in APRA’s opinion, become a condition that might reasonably be expected to have an effect as described in subparagraph (ii); and

                            (iv)  APRA must inform ASIC about the variation or revocation of any condition not covered by subparagraph (i), (ii) or (iii) within one week after the condition is varied or revoked.

             (3)  A failure to comply with a requirement of paragraph (2)(c) does not invalidate:

                     (a)  the variation of an RSE licence so that it is an RSE licence of a different class; or

                     (b)  the variation or revocation of a licence condition.

             (4)  APRA is not required to vary the class of, or vary or revoke any condition of, an RSE licence in the terms requested by an RSE licensee in an application under section 29F.

29FD  APRA may vary or revoke licence conditions on its own initiative

             (1)  APRA may, on its own initiative, vary or revoke any condition that it imposed on an RSE licence under section 29EA.

             (2)  However:

                     (a)  a condition as varied under subsection (1) must not be inconsistent with any condition imposed by section 29E; and

                     (b)  if the RSE licensee that holds the licence is also a financial services licensee:

                              (i)  APRA must consult ASIC before varying or revoking a condition that, in APRA’s opinion, might reasonably be expected to affect the RSE licensee’s ability to provide one or more of the financial services (within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001) that the RSE licensee provides; and

                             (ii)  APRA must consult ASIC before varying a condition so that it would, in APRA’s opinion, become a condition that might reasonably be expected to have an effect as described in subparagraph (i); and

                            (iii)  APRA must inform ASIC about the variation or revocation of any condition not covered by subparagraph (i) or (ii) within one week after the condition is varied or revoked.

             (3)  A failure to comply with a requirement of paragraph (2)(b) does not invalidate the variation or revocation of a condition.

29FE  Notification of APRA’s decisions under this Division

             (1)  APRA must give a notice to an RSE licensee if APRA:

                     (a)  varies the RSE licensee’s RSE licence under section 29FC so that it is an RSE licence of a different class; or

                     (b)  varies or revokes, under section 29FC or 29FD, a condition that APRA imposed on the RSE licence under section 29EA.

             (2)  The notice must:

                     (a)  if paragraph (1)(a) applies—specify the class of the RSE licence after the variation; and

                     (b)  if paragraph (1)(b) applies:

                              (i)  identify the licence condition being varied or revoked; and

                             (ii)  specify any conditions imposed under section 29EA to which the licence is subject after the variation or revocation comes into force; and

                     (c)  state the reasons for the variation or revocation; and

                     (d)  specify the day, not earlier than the day on which APRA gives the notice, on which the variation or revocation comes into force.

             (3)  If APRA refuses an application for a variation or revocation under section 29FC, APRA must take all reasonable steps to ensure that the RSE licensee that made the application is given a notice informing it of:

                     (a)  APRA’s refusal of the application; and

                     (b)  the reasons for the refusal;

as soon as practicable after refusing the application.

29FF  When variations or revocations come into force etc.

             (1)  If, under section 29FC, APRA varies an RSE licence so that it is an RSE licence of a different class:

                     (a)  the variation comes into force on the day specified in the notice under paragraph 29FE(2)(d); and

                     (b)  the variation remains in force until:

                              (i)  the licence is again varied so that it is an RSE licence of a different class; or

                             (ii)  the licence is cancelled.

             (2)  If, under section 29FC or 29FD, APRA varies a condition imposed on an RSE licence:

                     (a)  the variation comes into force on the day specified in the notice under paragraph 29FE(2)(d); and

                     (b)  the variation remains in force until:

                              (i)  the condition is varied in an inconsistent manner; or

                             (ii)  the condition is revoked; or

                            (iii)  the licence is cancelled.

             (3)  If, under section 29FC or 29FD, APRA revokes a condition imposed on an RSE licence, the revocation comes into force on the day specified in the notice under paragraph 29FE(2)(d).

Division 7Cancelling RSE licences

29G  Cancellation of RSE licences

             (1)  APRA may, in writing, cancel an RSE licence.

Note:          In some circumstances, APRA must inform or consult ASIC (see section 29GA).

             (2)  Without limiting subsection (1), APRA may cancel an RSE licence under that subsection if:

                     (a)  the RSE licensee has requested, in the approved form, that the licence be cancelled; or

                     (b)  the RSE licensee is a body corporate and is a disqualified person for the purposes of Part 15; or

                     (c)  the RSE licensee has breached a condition imposed on the licence; or

                     (d)  APRA has reason to believe that the RSE licensee will breach a condition imposed on the licence; or

                     (e)  the RSE licensee has failed to comply with a direction by APRA under section 29EB; or

                      (f)  APRA has reason to believe that the RSE licensee will fail to comply with a direction by APRA under section 29EB;

                     (v)  where the RSE licensee is an FHSA provider (within the meaning of the First Home Saver Accounts Act 2008)—circumstances exist as described in paragraph 107(2)(b), (c), (d), (e) or (f) of that Act.

             (4)  If APRA cancels an RSE licence it must take all reasonable steps to ensure that the body corporate or a member of the group that held the RSE licensee is given a notice informing the body corporate or group:

                     (a)  that APRA has cancelled the licence; and

                     (b)  of the reasons for the cancellation.

29GA  Cancellation of RSE licences of financial services licensees

             (1)  Before cancelling the RSE licence of an RSE licensee that is also a financial services licensee, APRA must consult ASIC if, in APRA’s opinion, the cancellation might reasonably be expected to affect the RSE licensee’s ability to provide one or more of the financial services (within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001) that the RSE licensee provides.

             (2)  If APRA cancels the RSE licence of an RSE licensee that is also a financial services licensee, APRA must inform ASIC of the cancellation within one week after the cancellation.

             (3)  A failure to comply with a requirement of this section does not invalidate the cancellation of an RSE licence.

29GB  APRA may allow RSE licence to continue in effect

                   In a notice that APRA gives to an RSE licensee cancelling its RSE licence, APRA may specify that the RSE licence continues in effect as though the cancellation had not happened for the purposes of:

                     (a)  a specified provision, administered by APRA, of this Act, the regulations or the prudential standards; or

                     (b)  a specified provision, administered by APRA, of any other law of the Commonwealth;

in relation to specified matters, a specified period, or both.

Division 9Offences and self‑incrimination

29J  Being trustee of a registrable superannuation entity while unlicensed etc.

             (1)  A person must not be a trustee, or act as a trustee, of a registrable superannuation entity unless at least one of the following paragraphs apply:

                     (a)  the person holds an RSE licence that enables the person to be the trustee of the entity;

                     (b)  the person is a member of a group of individual trustees that holds an RSE licence that enables the members of the group to each be a trustee of the entity.

             (2)  Despite subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code, a defendant does not bear an evidential burden in relation to any matter in subsection (1) of this section.

             (3)  A person that contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years, or 120 penalty units, or both.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility and Part IA of the Crimes Act 1914 contains provisions dealing with penalties.

             (4)  A person must not be a trustee of a registrable superannuation entity, or act as a trustee of a registrable superannuation entity, if the person:

                     (a)  is a body corporate; and

                     (b)  is not the only trustee of the registrable superannuation entity.

             (5)  A person that contravenes subsection (4) commits an offence.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years, or 120 penalty units, or both.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility and Part IA of the Crimes Act 1914 contains provisions dealing with penalties.

             (6)  This section does not prevent an RSE licensee from engaging or authorising persons to act on its behalf.

29JA  Failing to notify breach of licence condition

             (1)  If an RSE licensee becomes aware that:

                     (a)  the RSE licensee has breached or will breach a condition imposed on its RSE licence; and

                     (b)  the breach is or will be significant (see subsection (1A));

the RSE licensee must give APRA a written report about the breach as soon as practicable, and in any case no later than 10 business days, after becoming aware of the breach.

          (1A)  For the purposes of subsection (1), a breach is or will be significant if the breach is or will be significant having regard to any one or more of the following factors:

                     (a)  the number or frequency of similar previous breaches;

                     (b)  the impact the breach has or will have on the RSE licensee’s ability to fulfil its obligations as trustee of the superannuation entity;

                     (c)  the extent to which the breach indicates that the RSE licensee’s arrangements to ensure compliance with the RSE licensee law might be inadequate;

                     (d)  the actual or potential financial loss arising or that will arise from the breach to the beneficiaries of the entity or to the RSE licensee;

                     (e)  any other matters prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

             (2)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is:

                              (i)  a body corporate that is an RSE licensee; or

                             (ii)  a member of a group of individual trustees that is an RSE licensee; and

                     (b)  the RSE licensee is in breach of subsection (1).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (3)  Subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note 1:       For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Note 2:       Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility and Part IA of the Crimes Act 1914 contains provisions dealing with penalties.

29JB  Not complying with direction to comply with licence conditions

             (1)  An RSE licensee must comply with a direction given to it under section 29EB within the time specified in the direction.

             (2)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is:

                              (i)  a body corporate that is an RSE licensee; or

                             (ii)  a member of a group of individual trustees that is an RSE licensee; and

                     (b)  the RSE licensee is in breach of subsection (1).

Penalty:  60 penalty units.

             (3)  Subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note 1:       For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Note 2:       Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility and Part IA of the Crimes Act 1914 contains provisions dealing with penalties.

29JCA  False representation about status as RSE licensee

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person makes a representation; and

                     (b)  the representation is that the person is, or is a member of a group that is, an RSE licensee; and

                     (c)  the representation is false.

Penalty:  60 penalty units.

             (2)  Strict liability applies to subsection (1).

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

29JD  Breach does not affect validity of issue of superannuation interests etc.

                   A breach of section 29J, 29JA or 29JB does not affect the validity of the issue of a superannuation interest or of any other act.

Part 2BRegistrable superannuation entities

Division 1Object of this Part

29K  Object etc. of this Part

             (1)  The object of this Part is to provide for the registration of registrable superannuation entities.

             (2)  Registration is significant because an RSE licensee may breach the licence condition imposed by paragraph 29E(1)(d) if a registrable superannuation entity of which it is the RSE licensee is not registered.

Note:          Breach of a licence condition may lead to consequences such as a direction from APRA to comply with the condition (see section 29EB) or cancellation of the licence (see section 29G).

Division 2Applying for registration

29L  Applications for registration

Who may apply for registration

             (1)  An RSE licensee may apply to APRA for registration of a registrable superannuation entity.

Requirements for applications

             (2)  An application for registration of a registrable superannuation entity must:

                     (a)  be in the approved form; and

                     (b)  contain the information required by the approved form; and

                   (ba)  state the RSE licensee’s and the entity’s ABNs; and

                     (c)  be accompanied by an up‑to‑date copy of the trust deed by which the registrable superannuation entity is constituted (except to the extent that the trust deed is constituted by the governing rules of the entity); and

                     (d)  be accompanied by an up‑to‑date copy of the governing rules of the registrable superannuation entity (except to the extent that the governing rules are constituted by the law of the Commonwealth or by unwritten rules).

Note:          If the RSE licensee is a group of individual trustees, the copy or statement must be signed by each of the members of the group: see subsection 13A(6).

Notifying certain changes while applications are pending

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  an RSE licensee applies for registration of a registrable superannuation entity; and

                     (b)  after the application is made but before APRA decides the application, the trust deed (other than the governing rules of the entity) by which the entity is constituted is varied or revoked and replaced;

the RSE licensee must lodge an up‑to‑date copy of the trust deed with APRA as soon as practicable after the trust deed is varied or revoked and replaced.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  an RSE licensee applies for registration of a registrable superannuation entity; and

                     (b)  after the application is made but before APRA decides the application, any governing rules of the entity (that are not constituted by the law of the Commonwealth or by unwritten rules) are varied or revoked and replaced;

the RSE licensee must lodge an up‑to‑date copy of the governing rules (that are not constituted by the law of the Commonwealth or by unwritten rules) with APRA as soon as practicable after the governing rules are varied or revoked and replaced.

             (6)  An application is taken not to comply with this section if subsection (3) or (4) is contravened.

Note:          APRA cannot register an entity while the application does not comply with this section: see paragraph 29M(1)(a).

Lapsed applications

             (7)  An application for registration lapses if:

                     (a)  it was made by an RSE licensee; and

                     (b)  the RSE licensee ceases to be an RSE licensee before:

                              (i)  APRA makes a decision on the application for registration; or

                             (ii)  if APRA’s decision with respect to the application is subject to review under this Act—before the review is finally determined or otherwise disposed of.

29LA  APRA may request further information

                   APRA may give an RSE licensee that has applied for registration of a registrable superannuation entity a notice requesting the RSE licensee to give APRA, in writing, specified information relating to the application.

Note:          A failure to give the requested information delays the time within which APRA must decide the application: see paragraph 29LB(1)(b).

29LB  Period for deciding applications for registration

             (1)  APRA must decide an application by an RSE licensee for registration of a registrable superannuation entity:

                     (a)  within 21 days after receiving the application; or

                     (b)  if the applicant was requested to provide information under section 29LA—within 21 days after:

                              (i)  receiving from the RSE licensee all of the information the RSE licensee was requested to provide under that section; or

                             (ii)  all notices relating to that information being disposed of;

unless APRA extends the period for deciding the application under subsection (2).

             (2)  APRA may extend the period for deciding an application by an RSE licensee for registration of a registrable superannuation entity by up to 7 days if APRA informs the RSE licensee of the extension:

                     (a)  in writing; and

                     (b)  within the period in which it would otherwise be required to decide the application under subsection (1).

             (3)  If APRA extends the period for deciding an application for registration of a registrable superannuation entity, it must decide the application within the extended period.

             (4)  If APRA has not decided an application for registration of a registrable superannuation entity by the end of the period by which it is required to decide the application, APRA is taken to have decided, at the end of the last day of that period, to refuse the application.

Division 3Registration

29M  Registration of registrable superannuation entity

             (1)  APRA must register a registrable superannuation entity if, and only if:

                     (a)  the application for registration complies with section 29L; and

                     (b)  the applicant has provided to APRA all information that the applicant was requested, under section 29LA, to provide, or the request has been disposed of; and

                     (c)  APRA is satisfied that nothing in the governing rules of the entity conflicts with Part 6; and

                     (e)  the applicant for registration holds an RSE licence that enables:

                              (i)  if the applicant is a body corporate—the body corporate; or

                             (ii)  if the applicant is a group of individual trustees—each member of the group;

                            to be a trustee of that entity.

             (2)  Otherwise APRA must refuse to register the entity.

29MA  Notice of registration

                   If APRA registers a registrable superannuation entity, APRA must notify the RSE licensee of the entity in writing of the registration.

29MB  Documents required to bear ABNs

             (1)  After a registrable superannuation entity is registered, the RSE licensee of the entity must ensure that the entity’s ABN is included in:

                     (a)  each document that the RSE licensee gives to APRA that relates to the entity; and

                     (b)  any other document in which the RSE licensee identifies itself as the RSE licensee of the entity; and

                     (c)  if the RSE licensee is a body corporate—any document in which the body corporate identifies itself as a trustee of the entity; and

                     (d)  if the RSE licensee is a group of individual trustees—any document that a member of the group gives to APRA or in which a member of the group identifies itself as a trustee of the entity or as a member of a group of individual trustees that are the RSE licensee of the entity.

             (2)  However, an RSE licensee is not required to comply with subsection (1) in respect of a particular document if the RSE licensee has been given written approval by APRA not to ensure that the ABN is included in that document or in a class of documents that includes that document.

29MC  APRA to give notice of refusal of applications

                   If APRA refuses an application by an RSE licensee for registration of a registrable superannuation entity, APRA must take all reasonable steps to ensure that the RSE licensee is given a notice:

                     (a)  informing it of APRA’s refusal of the application; and

                     (b)  setting out the reasons for the refusal;

as soon as practicable after refusing the application.

Division 4Cancelling registration

29N  Cancelling registration

             (1)  APRA must cancel the registration of a registrable superannuation entity if a document that:

                     (a)  is a reporting document within the meaning of the Financial Sector (Collection of Data) Act 2001; and

                     (b)  relates to the entity; and

                     (c)  was given to APRA under that Act;

states that the entity has been wound up.

          (1A)  APRA may cancel the registration of a superannuation entity that has become a self managed superannuation fund.

             (2)  APRA may cancel the registration of a registrable superannuation entity if APRA is satisfied, on reasonable grounds, that:

                     (a)  the entity has no beneficiaries and no assets; and

                     (b)  there are no outstanding claims against the entity for benefits or other payments; and

                     (c)  other circumstances (if any) prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph exist.

             (3)  If APRA cancels the registration of a registrable superannuation entity under subsection (2), APRA must take all reasonable steps to ensure that the RSE licensee of the entity is given a notice:

                     (a)  stating that APRA has cancelled the registration of the entity; and

                     (b)  setting out the reasons for the cancellation;

as soon as practicable after cancelling the registration of the entity.

Part 2CMySuper

Division 1Object of this Part

29R  Object of this Part

             (1)  It is intended that all MySuper products will be simple products sharing common characteristics.

             (2)  The object of this Part is to ensure that a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund is not offered as a MySuper product unless it has those characteristics.

             (3)  This is done by requiring the RSE licensee of a regulated superannuation fund to obtain authority from APRA before offering a class of beneficial interest in the fund as a MySuper product.

             (4)  The ability of an RSE licensee to offer a MySuper product is significant for the purposes of the Superannuation Guarantee (Administration) Act 1992. Under that Act, employers will need to pay contributions for an employee who has no chosen fund into a fund that offers a MySuper product, in order to meet the choice of fund requirements and so avoid an increased individual superannuation guarantee shortfall for the employee.

Division 2Applying for authority

29S  Application for authority to offer a MySuper product

Who may apply?

             (1)  An RSE licensee may apply to APRA for authority to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product.

Requirements for applications

             (2)  An application for authority to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product must:

                     (a)  be in the approved form; and

                     (b)  contain the information required by the approved form; and

                     (c)  state the RSE licensee’s and the fund’s ABNs; and

                     (d)  be accompanied by an up‑to‑date copy of the trust deed by which the fund is constituted (except to the extent that the trust deed is constituted by governing rules of the fund); and

                     (e)  be accompanied by an up‑to‑date copy of the governing rules of the fund (except to the extent that the governing rules are constituted by the law of the Commonwealth or by unwritten rules); and

                      (f)  be accompanied by elections made in accordance with each of the following sections:

                              (i)  section 29SAA;

                             (ii)  section 29SAB;

                            (iii)  section 29SAC.

Notifying certain changes while applications are pending

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  an RSE licensee applies for authority to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product; and

                     (b)  after the application is made but before APRA decides the application, the trust deed (other than the governing rules of the fund) by which the fund is constituted is varied or revoked and replaced;

the RSE licensee must lodge an up‑to‑date copy of the trust deed with APRA as soon as practicable after the trust deed is varied or revoked and replaced.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  an RSE licensee applies for authority to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product; and

                     (b)  after the application is made but before APRA decides the application, any governing rules of the fund (that are not constituted by the law of the Commonwealth or by unwritten rules) are varied or revoked and replaced;

the RSE licensee must lodge an up‑to‑date copy of the governing rules (that are not constituted by the law of the Commonwealth or by unwritten rules) with APRA as soon as practicable after the governing rules are varied or revoked and replaced.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  an RSE licensee applies for authority to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product; and

                     (b)  after the application is made, but before APRA decides the application, information contained in the application ceases to be correct;

the RSE licensee must give APRA the correct information, in writing, as soon as practicable after the information in the application ceases to be correct.

             (6)  An application is taken not to comply with this section if subsection (3), (4) or (5) is contravened.

Note:          APRA cannot give authority to offer a class of beneficial interest in the fund as a MySuper product while the application does not comply with this section: see paragraph 29T(1)(a).

Lapsed applications

             (7)  An application for authority lapses if:

                     (a)  it was made by an RSE licensee; and

                     (b)  the RSE licensee ceases to be an RSE licensee before:

                              (i)  APRA makes a decision on the application for authority; or

                             (ii)  if APRA’s decision with respect to the application is subject to review under this Act—the review is finally determined or otherwise disposed of.

29SAA  Election to transfer accrued default amounts

             (1)  An RSE licensee that applies for authority to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product makes an election in accordance with this section if:

                     (a)  the RSE licensee elects that, if authority to offer the class of beneficial interest in the fund as a MySuper product is given, the RSE licensee will:

                              (i)  attribute to the MySuper product each amount that is an accrued default amount for a member of the fund who is eligible to hold the MySuper product, unless the member directs the RSE licensee in writing to attribute the amount to another MySuper product or an investment option within a choice product in the fund; and

                             (ii)  do so before the end of a period of 30 days beginning on the day on which notice of authority to offer the class of beneficial interest in the fund as a MySuper product is given to the RSE licensee under section 29TD; and

                     (b)  the RSE licensee elects that the RSE licensee will, before the end of the action period, take the action required under the prudential standards in relation to the following:

                              (i)  each amount that is an accrued default amount for a member of the fund who is not eligible to hold a MySuper product offered by the fund;

                             (ii)  each amount that is an accrued default amount for a member of another regulated superannuation fund of the RSE licensee that does not offer a MySuper product; and

                     (c)  the election is in writing; and

                     (d)  the election is in the approved form.

             (2)  The action period, for the purposes of paragraph (1)(b), in relation to an application by an RSE licensee for authority to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product, ends at the end of a period of 90 days beginning on:

                     (a)  if APRA authorises the RSE licensee to offer the class of beneficial interest in the fund as a MySuper product—the day on which notice of that authority is given to the RSE licensee under section 29TD; or

                     (b)  if APRA refuses the application—the day on which notice of the refusal is given to the RSE licensee under section 29TE.

             (3)  If an RSE licensee makes an election under this section, the RSE licensee must comply with any requirements prescribed in the regulations in relation to:

                     (a)  notices to be given to a member of the fund for whom there is an accrued default amount before the amount is attributed, or a decision is taken to continue to attribute the amount, to a MySuper product or an investment option within a choice product in the fund; and

                     (b)  notices to be given to a member of the fund for whom there is an accrued default amount before the amount is moved to another fund.

29SAB  Election to transfer assets attributed to a MySuper product if authorisation cancelled

                   An RSE licensee that applies for authority to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product makes an election in accordance with this section if:

                     (a)  the RSE licensee elects:

                              (i)  to take the action required under the prudential standards in relation to any asset or assets of the fund that are attributed to the MySuper product, if the authority to offer the relevant class of beneficial interest in the fund as a MySuper product is cancelled under subsection 29U(1); and

                             (ii)  to do so before the end of a period of 90 days beginning on the day on which notice of the cancellation is given to the RSE licensee under subsection 29U(3); and

                     (b)  the election is in writing; and

                     (c)  the election is in the approved form.

29SAC  Election not to charge MySuper members for payment of conflicted remuneration

             (1)  An RSE licensee that applies for authority to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product makes an election in accordance with this section if:

                     (a)  the RSE licensee elects that, if the authority is given, the RSE licensee will not charge any MySuper member a fee in relation to the MySuper product, all or part of which relates directly or indirectly to costs incurred by a trustee or the trustees of the fund:

                              (i)  in paying conflicted remuneration to a financial services licensee, or a representative of a financial services licensee; or

                             (ii)  in paying an amount to another person that a trustee of the fund knows, or reasonably ought to know, relates to conflicted remuneration paid by that other person to a financial services licensee, or a representative of a financial services licensee; and

                     (b)  the election is in writing; and

                     (c)  the election is in the approved form.

             (2)  In this section:

conflicted remuneration has the same meaning as in Part 7.7A of the Corporations Act 2001, subject to the extension of that meaning in subsection (3).

representative, of a financial services licensee, has the same meaning as in Part 7.6 of the Corporations Act 2001.

             (3)  In this section, conflicted remuneration also has the meaning it would have if:

                     (a)  financial product advice provided to the RSE licensee mentioned in subsection (1) by a financial services licensee, or a representative of a financial services licensee, mentioned in subparagraph (1)(a)(i) or (ii) were provided to the RSE licensee as a retail client; and

                     (b)  financial product advice provided to the other person mentioned in subparagraph (1)(a)(ii) by a financial services licensee, or a representative of a financial services licensee, mentioned in that subparagraph were provided to the other person as a retail client.

29SA  APRA may request further information

                   APRA may give an RSE licensee that has applied for authority to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product a notice requesting the RSE licensee to give APRA, in writing, specified information relating to the application.

Note:          A failure to give the requested information delays the time within which APRA must decide the application: see paragraph 29SB(1)(b).

29SB  Period for deciding applications for authority

             (1)  APRA must decide an application by an RSE licensee for authority to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product:

                     (a)  within 60 days after receiving the application; or

                     (b)  if the applicant was requested to provide information under section 29SA—within 60 days after:

                              (i)  receiving from the RSE licensee all of the information the RSE licensee was requested to provide under that section; or

                             (ii)  all notices relating to that information being disposed of;

unless APRA extends the period for deciding the application under subsection (2).

             (2)  APRA may extend the period for deciding an application by an RSE licensee for authority to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product by up to 60 days if APRA informs the RSE licensee of the extension:

                     (a)  in writing; and

                     (b)  within the period in which it would otherwise be required to decide the application under subsection (1).

             (3)  If APRA extends the period for deciding an application for authority to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product, it must decide the application within the extended period.

             (4)  If APRA has not decided an application for authority to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product by the end of the period by which it is required to decide the application, APRA is taken to have decided, at the end of the last day of that period, to refuse the application.

Division 3Authority

29T  Authority to offer a MySuper product

             (1)  APRA must authorise an RSE licensee to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product if, and only if:

                     (a)  the application for authority complies with section 29S; and

                     (b)  the applicant has provided to APRA all information that the applicant was requested, under section 29SA, to provide, or the request has been disposed of; and

                     (c)  the fund is registered under Part 2B; and

                     (d)  either:

                              (i)  the fund has 5 or more members; or

                             (ii)  APRA is satisfied that the fund will, if authority is given, have 5 or more members within a period specified in the authority; and

                     (e)  the fund is not an eligible rollover fund; and

                      (f)  one of the following subparagraphs applies:

                              (i)  the licensee is not already authorised to offer another class of beneficial interest in the fund as a MySuper product;

                             (ii)  the licensee is already authorised to offer another class of beneficial interest in the fund as a MySuper product, but section 29TA or 29TB is satisfied, in relation to the class of beneficial interest in the fund to which the application relates, at the time APRA gives authority;

                            (iii)  the licensee is already authorised to offer another class of beneficial interest in the fund as a MySuper product, but section 29TA or 29TB was satisfied in relation to each class of beneficial interest that the RSE licensee is already authorised to offer as a MySuper product, at the time APRA gave that earlier authority; and

                     (g)  APRA is satisfied that section 29TC is satisfied in relation to that class of beneficial interest; and

                     (h)  APRA is satisfied that:

                              (i)  where the RSE licensee is a body corporate—the RSE licensee; or

                             (ii)  where the RSE licensee is made up of a group of individual trustees—each of those individual trustees;

                            is likely to comply with the enhanced trustee obligations for MySuper products; and

                   (ha)  where the RSE licensee is a body corporate—APRA is satisfied that the directors of the RSE licensee are likely to comply with the enhanced director obligations for MySuper products; and

                      (i)  APRA is satisfied that:

                              (i)  where the RSE licensee is a body corporate—the RSE licensee; or

                             (ii)  where the RSE licensee is made up of a group of individual trustees—each of those individual trustees;

                            is likely to comply with the general fees rules and the fees rules in relation to MySuper products; and

                      (j)  APRA is satisfied that the RSE licensee is not likely to contravene section 29W, 29WA or 29WB.

             (2)  Otherwise APRA must refuse to give the authority.

29TA  Product in another fund in which there is already material goodwill

                   This section is satisfied in relation to a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund (the proposed MySuper product) if:

                     (a)  the benefits of members and beneficiaries in another regulated superannuation fund (the original fund) are to be transferred to the fund; and

                     (b)  APRA is satisfied that:

                              (i)  some or all of the persons whose benefits are to be transferred hold a class of interest in the original fund that is similar to the proposed MySuper product; and

                             (ii)  there is material goodwill in that class of interest in the original fund; and

                            (iii)  that goodwill could not be maintained unless the RSE licensee were authorised to offer the proposed MySuper product as an additional MySuper product in the fund; and

                            (iv)  it would be in the best interests of the members of the fund, and those persons whose benefits are to be transferred to the fund, to maintain the distinction between the proposed MySuper product and other MySuper products within the fund.

29TB  MySuper products for large employers

             (1)  This section is satisfied in relation to a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund if:

                     (a)  under the governing rules of the fund, one employer is specified as a large employer in relation to the fund who is relevant to that class of beneficial interest; and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  that employer is a large employer in relation to the fund (see subsection (2)); or

                             (ii)  APRA is satisfied that, if authority to offer the class of beneficial interest in the fund as a MySuper product is given, that employer will be a large employer in relation to the fund by the end of the period specified in the authority; and

                     (c)  under the governing rules of the fund, a person is not entitled to hold an interest of that class in the fund unless the person is:

                              (i)  an employee or a former employee of the large employer; or

                             (ii)  an employee or a former employee of an associate of the large employer; or

                            (iii)  a relative or dependant of an employee or a former employee mentioned in subparagraph (i) or (ii); and

                     (d)  under the governing rules of the fund:

                              (i)  where the large employer or an associate of the large employer contributes to the fund or would, apart from a temporary cessation of contributions, contribute to the fund for an employee of the large employer, any employee of the large employer who is not a defined benefit member of the fund may hold an interest of that class in the fund; and

                             (ii)  where the large employer or an associate of the large employer contributes to the fund or would, apart from a temporary cessation of contributions, contribute to the fund for an employee of an associate of the large employer, any employee of that associate who is not a defined benefit member of the fund may hold an interest of that class in the fund.

             (2)  An employer is a large employer in relation to a regulated superannuation fund if there are 500 or more members of the fund who are any of the following:

                     (a)  a member of the fund:

                              (i)  who is an employee of the employer; and

                             (ii)  in relation to whom the employer or an associate of the employer contributes to the fund or would, apart from a temporary cessation of contributions, contribute to the fund;

                     (b)  a member of the fund:

                              (i)  who is an employee of an associate of the employer; and

                             (ii)  in relation to whom either the employer or an associate of the employer contributes to the fund or would, apart from a temporary cessation of contributions, contribute to the fund.

             (3)  In working out under subsection (2) whether an employer is a large employer, disregard defined benefit members of the fund.

29TC  Characteristics of a MySuper product

             (1)  This section is satisfied in relation to a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund if, under the governing rules of the fund:

                     (a)  a single diversified investment strategy is to be adopted in relation to assets of the fund, to the extent that they are attributed to that class of beneficial interest in the fund; and

                     (b)  all members who hold a beneficial interest of that class in the fund are entitled to access the same options, benefits and facilities except to the extent that a benefit is provided by taking out risk insurance; and

                     (c)  amounts are attributed to members in relation to their beneficial interest of that class in the fund in a way that does not stream gains or losses that relate to any assets of the fund to only some of those members, except to the extent permitted under a lifecycle exception (see subsection (2)); and

                     (d)  the same process is to be adopted in attributing amounts to members in relation to their beneficial interest of that class in the fund, except to the extent that a different process is necessary to allow for fee subsidisation by employers; and

                     (e)  if fee subsidisation by employers is permitted, that subsidisation does not favour one member who holds a beneficial interest of that class in the fund and is an employee of a subsidising employer over another such member who is an employee of that employer; and

                      (f)  the only limitations imposed on the source or kind of contributions made by or on behalf of persons who hold a beneficial interest of that class in the fund are those permitted under subsection (3); and

                     (g)  a beneficial interest of that class in the fund cannot be replaced with a beneficial interest of another class in the fund, unless:

                              (i)  the person who holds the interest consents in writing to that replacement no more than 30 days before it occurs; or

                             (ii)  the person who holds the interest has died and the interest is replaced with a beneficial interest of another class in the fund of a kind, and in the circumstances, prescribed by the regulations; and

                     (h)  a beneficial interest of that class in the fund (the old interest) cannot be replaced with a beneficial interest (the new interest) in another superannuation entity unless:

                             (ii)  the replacement is permitted, or is required, under a law of the Commonwealth; or

                            (iii)  the person who holds the old interest consents in writing to the replacement with the new interest no more than 30 days before it occurs; and

                      (i)  to the extent that assets of the fund are attributed to beneficial interests of that class, a pension is not payable out of those assets by the trustee, or trustees, of the fund on the satisfaction of a condition of release of benefits specified in a standard made under paragraph 31(2)(h) by a person who holds a beneficial interest of that class, unless the payment is derived from a benefit of the kind mentioned in subparagraph 62(1)(b)(ii) provided to the fund by an insurer; and

Note:       Subparagraph 62(1)(b)(ii) is about benefits payable when a person ceases work due to ill‑health.

                      (j)  no member who holds a beneficial interest of that class in the fund is precluded from holding a beneficial interest of another class in the fund because of that fact; and

                     (k)  no member is precluded from holding a beneficial interest of that class in the fund because the member holds a beneficial interest of another class in the fund.

             (2)  A lifecycle exception is a rule under the governing rules of the fund that allows gains and losses from different classes of asset of the fund to be streamed to different subclasses of the members of the fund who hold a MySuper product:

                     (a)  on the basis, and only on the basis, of the age of those members; or

                     (b)  on the basis of the age of those members and other prescribed factors; or

                     (c)  on the basis of the age of those members and other prescribed factors in prescribed circumstances.

             (3)  A limitation on the source or kind of contributions made by or on behalf of persons who hold a beneficial interest of a particular class in a regulated superannuation fund is permitted for the purposes of paragraph (1)(f) if:

                     (a)  the limitation is of a prescribed kind; or

                     (b)  the limitation is imposed by or under the general law or another law of the Commonwealth.

29TD  Notice of authority

                   If APRA authorises an RSE licensee to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product, APRA must notify the RSE licensee in writing of the authority.

29TE  APRA to give notice of refusal of authority

                   If APRA refuses an application by an RSE licensee for authority to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product, APRA must take all reasonable steps to ensure that the RSE licensee is given a notice:

                     (a)  informing it of APRA’s refusal of the application; and

                     (b)  setting out the reasons for the refusal;

as soon as practicable after refusing the application.

Division 4Cancelling authority

29U  Cancelling authority to offer MySuper product

             (1)  APRA may, in writing, cancel an authority to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product.

             (2)  Without limiting subsection (1), APRA may cancel an authority to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product if:

                     (a)  APRA is no longer satisfied that section 29TC is satisfied in relation to that class of beneficial interest in the fund; or

                     (b)  authority was given to offer that class of beneficial interest in the fund as a MySuper product because section 29TB was satisfied in relation to the class and either:

                              (i)  in a case where that section was satisfied because APRA was satisfied that an employer would be a large employer by the end of a period specified in the authority—the employer was not a large employer at that time; or

                             (ii)  in any case—that section was no longer satisfied in relation to the class on the last day of the immediately preceding year of income; or

                     (c)  APRA is no longer satisfied that:

                              (i)  where the RSE licensee is a body corporate—the RSE licensee; or

                             (ii)  where the RSE licensee is made up of a group of individual trustees—each of those individual trustees;

                            is likely to comply with the enhanced trustee obligations for MySuper products (whether because of a previous failure to do so, or for any other reason); or

                    (ca)  where the RSE licensee is a body corporate—APRA is no longer satisfied that the directors of the RSE licensee are likely to comply with the enhanced director obligations for MySuper products (whether because of a previous failure to do so, or for any other reason); or

                     (d)  APRA is no longer satisfied that:

                              (i)  where the RSE licensee is a body corporate—the RSE licensee; or

                             (ii)  where the RSE licensee is made up of a group of individual trustees—each of those individual trustees;

                            is likely to comply with the general fees rules and the fees rules in relation to MySuper products (whether because of a previous failure to do so, or for any other reason); or

                     (e)  APRA is no longer satisfied that the RSE licensee is not likely to contravene section 29W, 29WA or 29WB (whether because of a previous contravention of that section, or for any other reason); or

                      (f)  the fund ceases to be registered under Part 2B; or

                     (g)  either:

                              (i)  in a case where authority was given to offer the class of beneficial interest in the fund as a MySuper product on the basis that the fund would have 5 or more members within a period specified in the authority—the fund does not have 5 or more members at the end of that period; or

                             (ii)  in any case—the fund has ceased to have 5 or more members; or

                     (h)  paragraph 29T(1)(e) is no longer satisfied in relation to the fund (no longer an eligible rollover fund); or

                      (i)  APRA is satisfied that:

                              (i)  where the RSE licensee is a body corporate—the RSE licensee; or

                             (ii)  where the RSE licensee is made up of a group of individual trustees—one of those individual trustees;

                            has contravened a provision of the governing rules of the fund relating to the MySuper product; or

                      (j)  APRA is satisfied that the RSE licensee has failed to give effect to an election made in accordance with section 29SAA (election to transfer accrued default amounts to a MySuper product); or

                     (k)  APRA is satisfied that the RSE licensee has failed to give effect to an election made in accordance with section 29SAC (election not to pass costs of conflicted remuneration to MySuper members).

             (3)  If APRA cancels an authority to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product it must take all reasonable steps to ensure that the RSE licensee is given a notice informing the RSE licensee:

                     (a)  that APRA has cancelled the authority; and

                     (b)  of the reasons for the cancellation.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  APRA cancels an authority to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product; and

                     (b)  as a result of the cancellation, the fund no longer offers any MySuper product;

APRA must also notify the Fair Work Commission in writing of that fact.

29UA  Cancellation of authority of an RSE licensee that is also a financial services licensee

             (1)  Before cancelling an authority of an RSE licensee that is also a financial services licensee, APRA must consult ASIC if, in APRA’s opinion, the cancellation might reasonably be expected to affect the RSE licensee’s ability to provide one or more of the financial services (within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001) that the RSE licensee provides.

             (2)  If APRA cancels the authority of an RSE licensee that is also a financial services licensee, APRA must inform ASIC of the cancellation within one week after the cancellation.

             (3)  A failure to comply with a requirement of this section does not invalidate the cancellation of an authority to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product.

29UB  APRA may allow authority to continue in effect

                   In a notice that APRA gives to an RSE licensee cancelling an authority, APRA may specify that the authority continues in effect as though the cancellation had not happened for the purposes of:

                     (a)  a specified provision, administered by APRA, of this Act, the regulations or the prudential standards; or

                     (b)  a specified provision, administered by APRA, of any other law of the Commonwealth;

in relation to specified matters, a specified period, or both.

Division 5Fees rules for MySuper products

29V  Fees that may be charged in relation to a MySuper product

             (1)  The trustee, or the trustees, of a regulated superannuation fund that offers a MySuper product may only charge fees of one or more of the following kinds in relation to that product:

                     (a)  an administration fee;

                     (b)  an investment fee;

                     (c)  a buy‑sell spread;

                     (d)  a switching fee;

                     (e)  an exit fee;

                      (f)  an activity fee;

                     (g)  an advice fee;

                     (h)  an insurance fee.

             (2)  An administration fee is a fee that relates to the administration or operation of a superannuation entity and includes costs incurred by the trustee, or the trustees, of the entity that:

                     (a)  relate to the administration or operation of the fund; and

                     (b)  are not otherwise charged as an investment fee, a buy‑sell spread, a switching fee, an exit fee, an activity fee, an advice fee or an insurance fee.

             (3)  An investment fee is a fee that relates to the investment of the assets of a superannuation entity and includes:

                     (a)  fees in payment for the exercise of care and expertise in the investment of those assets (including performance fees); and

                     (b)  costs incurred by the trustee, or the trustees, of the entity that:

                              (i)  relate to the investment of assets of the entity; and

                             (ii)  are not otherwise charged as an administration fee, a buy‑sell spread, a switching fee, an exit fee, an activity fee, an advice fee or an insurance fee.

             (4)  A buy‑sell spread is a fee to recover transaction costs incurred by the trustee, or the trustees, of a superannuation entity in relation to the sale and purchase of assets of the entity.

             (5)  A switching fee is a fee to recover the costs of switching all or part of a member’s interest in a superannuation entity from one class of beneficial interest in the entity to another.

             (6)  An exit fee is a fee to recover the costs of disposing of all or part of members’ interests in a superannuation entity.

             (7)  A fee is an activity fee if:

                     (a)  the fee relates to costs incurred by the trustee, or the trustees, of a superannuation entity that are directly related to an activity of the trustee, or the trustees:

                              (i)  that is engaged in at the request, or with the consent, of a member; or

                             (ii)  that relates to a member and is required by law; and

                     (b)  those costs are not otherwise charged as an administration fee, an investment fee, a buy‑sell spread, a switching fee, an exit fee, an advice fee or an insurance fee.

             (8)  A fee is an advice fee if:

                     (a)  the fee relates directly to costs incurred by the trustee, or the trustees, of a superannuation entity because of the provision of financial product advice to a member by:

                              (i)  a trustee of the entity; or

                             (ii)  another person acting as an employee of, or under an arrangement with, a trustee or trustees of the entity; and

                     (b)  those costs are not otherwise charged as an administration fee, an investment fee, a switching fee, an exit fee, an activity fee or an insurance fee.

             (9)  A fee is an insurance fee if:

                     (a)  the fee relates directly to either or both of the following:

                              (i)  insurance premiums paid by the trustee, or the trustees, of a superannuation entity in relation to a member or members of the entity;

                             (ii)  costs incurred by the trustee, or the trustees, of a superannuation entity in relation to the provision of insurance for a member or members of the entity; and

                     (b)  the fee does not relate to any part of a premium paid or cost incurred in relation to a life policy or a contract of insurance that relates to a benefit to the member that is based on the performance of an investment rather than the realisation of a risk; and

                     (c)  the premiums and costs to which the fee relates are not otherwise charged as an administration fee, an investment fee, a switching fee, an exit fee, an activity fee or an advice fee.

29VA  Charging rules

             (1)  The trustee, or the trustees, of a regulated superannuation fund that offers a MySuper product may only charge a fee in relation to the MySuper product during a period if it satisfies one of the charging rules set out in this section in relation to that period.

All MySuper members charged same flat fee

             (2)  This rule is satisfied if:

                     (a)  the fee is charged in relation to all members of the fund who hold the MySuper product; and

                     (b)  the amount of the fee is the same for each of those members.

All MySuper members charged same percentage of account balance

             (3)  This rule is satisfied if:

                     (a)  the fee is charged in relation to all members of the fund who hold the MySuper product; and

                     (b)  the amount of the fee charged in relation to one member is a percentage of so much of the member’s account balance with the fund that relates to the MySuper product; and

                     (c)  the amount of the fee charged in relation to each other member of the fund who holds the MySuper product is the same percentage of so much of that member’s account balance with the fund that relates to the MySuper product.

All MySuper members charged combination of same flat fee and same percentage of account balance

             (4)  This rule is satisfied if:

                     (a)  the fee is charged in relation to all members of the fund who hold the MySuper product; and

                     (b)  the amount of the fee charged in relation to one member is the sum of a fixed amount (the flat fee) and another amount that is a percentage of so much of the member’s account balance with the fund that relates to the MySuper product; and

                     (c)  the amount of the fee charged in relation to each other member of the fund who holds the MySuper product is the sum of the flat fee and the same percentage of so much of that member’s account balance with the fund that relates to the MySuper product.

All MySuper members to whom action relates charged same flat fee

             (5)  This rule is satisfied if:

                     (a)  the fee is a buy‑sell spread, a switching fee, an exit fee or an activity fee; and

                     (b)  the fee is only charged in relation to those members of the fund:

                              (i)  who hold the MySuper product; and

                             (ii)  in relation to whom a relevant action is taken by the trustee or trustees of the fund; and

                     (c)  the amount of the fee charged is the same for each member to whom it is charged.

All MySuper members to whom action relates charged same percentage of account balance

             (6)  This rule is satisfied if:

                     (a)  the fee is a buy‑sell spread, a switching fee, an exit fee or an activity fee; and

                     (b)  the fee is only charged in relation to those members of the fund:

                              (i)  who hold the MySuper product; and

                             (ii)  in relation to whom a relevant action is taken by the trustee or trustees of the fund; and

                     (c)  the amount of the fee charged in relation to one of those members is a percentage of so much of the member’s account balance with the fund:

                              (i)  that relates to the MySuper product; and

                             (ii)  in relation to which the relevant action is taken; and

                     (d)  the amount of the fee charged in relation to each of the other of those members is the same percentage of so much of that member’s account balance with the fund:

                              (i)  that relates to the MySuper product; and

                             (ii)  in relation to which the relevant action is taken.

All MySuper members to whom action relates charged combination of same flat fee and same percentage of account balance

             (7)  This rule is satisfied if:

                     (a)  the fee is a buy‑sell spread, a switching fee, an exit fee or an activity fee; and

                     (b)  the fee is only charged in relation to those members of the fund:

                              (i)  who hold the MySuper product; and

                             (ii)  in relation to whom a relevant action is taken by the trustee or trustees of the fund; and

                     (c)  the amount of the fee charged in relation to one of those members is the sum of a fixed amount (the flat fee) and another amount that is a percentage of so much of the member’s account balance with the fund:

                              (i)  that relates to the MySuper product; and

                             (ii)  in relation to which the relevant action is taken; and

                     (d)  the amount of the fee charged in relation to each of the other of those members is the sum of the flat fee and the same percentage of so much of that member’s account balance with the fund:

                              (i)  that relates to the MySuper product; and

                             (ii)  in relation to which the relevant action is taken.

Administration fee exemption for employees of an employer‑sponsor

             (8)  This rule is satisfied if:

                     (a)  the fee is an administration fee charged in relation to one or more members of the fund who hold the MySuper product in accordance with the administration fee exemption for employees of an employee‑sponsor (see section 29VB); and

                     (b)  in relation to those members of the fund who hold the MySuper product but in relation to whom the administration fee is not charged in accordance with the administration fee exemption for employees of an employee‑sponsor (the remaining members)—the fee would satisfy the charging rule in subsection (2), (3) or (4) if the remaining members were the only members of the fund who held the MySuper product.

Note:          In some circumstances, the RSE licensee may wish to offer a MySuper product for the employees of a large employer or its associates (see sections 29T and 29TB). Any fee set for that MySuper product may differ from the equivalent fee set for another MySuper product within the fund. In other circumstances, a separate MySuper product may not be offered, but instead a lower administration fee charged to the employees of a particular employer‑sponsor (see section 29VB).

Lifecycle differentiated investment fees

             (9)  This rule is satisfied if:

                     (a)  the fee is an investment fee; and

                     (b)  the fee would satisfy one of the charging rules in subsections (2) to (4) if the rule were applied to an age cohort identified in the governing rules in relation to the MySuper product for the purposes of this subsection, rather than in relation to all members of the fund who hold the MySuper product; and

                     (c)  the governing rules identify no more than 4 age cohorts in relation to the MySuper product for the purposes of this subsection; and

                     (d)  the investment fees for the age cohorts reflect a fair and reasonable attribution of the investment costs of the fund between the age cohorts.

Advice fees

          (9A)  This rule is satisfied if:

                     (a)  the fee is an advice fee that relates directly to financial product advice provided to a member; and

                     (b)  the member holds a MySuper product; and

                     (c)  the fee is charged to the member.

Insurance fees

           (10)  This rule is satisfied if:

                     (a)  the fee is an insurance fee that relates directly to either or both of the following:

                              (i)  insurance premiums paid by the trustee, or the trustees, of a superannuation entity in relation to a member;

                             (ii)  costs incurred by the trustee, or the trustees, of a superannuation entity in relation to the provision of insurance for a member; and

                     (b)  the member holds a MySuper product; and

                     (c)  the fee is charged to the member.

29VB  Administration fee exemption for employees of an employer‑sponsor

             (1)  An administration fee charged to members of a regulated superannuation fund who hold a MySuper product is charged in accordance with the administration fee exemption for employees of an employer‑sponsor if:

                    (aa)  although the trustee, or the trustees, of the fund are authorised to offer the MySuper product, it is not on the basis that section 29TB was satisfied in relation to that class of beneficial interest in the fund; and

                     (a)  the fee is charged in relation to all members of the fund who hold the MySuper product; and

                     (b)  an employer‑sponsor contributes to the fund or would, apart from a temporary cessation of contributions, contribute to the fund for the benefit of those members of the fund (the employee members) who hold the MySuper product and who are:

                              (i)  employees of the employer‑sponsor, or an associate of the employer‑sponsor; or

                             (ii)  the relatives or dependants of those employees; and

                     (c)  the trustee, or the trustees, of the fund have entered into an arrangement with the employer‑sponsor that secures lower administration fees for the employee members; and

                     (d)  the fee is in accordance with subsection (2), (3) or (4); and

                     (e)  the fee is in accordance with subsection (5).

All employees charged same flat fee

             (2)  The amount of the administration fee is the same for each of the employee members.

All employees charged same percentage of account balance

             (3)  Each of the following is satisfied:

                     (a)  the amount of the administration fee charged in relation to one of the employee members is a percentage of so much of the member’s account balance with the fund that relates to the MySuper product;

                     (b)  the amount of the administration fee charged in relation to each of the other employee members is the same percentage of so much of that member’s account balance with the fund that relates to the MySuper product.

All employees charged combination of same flat fee and same percentage of account balance

             (4)  Each of the following is satisfied:

                     (a)  the amount of the administration fee charged in relation to one of the employee members is the sum of a fixed amount (the flat fee) and another amount that is a percentage of so much of the member’s account balance with the fund that relates to the MySuper product;

                     (b)  the amount of the administration fee charged in relation to each of the other employee members is the sum of the flat fee and the same percentage of so much of that member’s account balance with that fund that relates to the MySuper product.

             (5)  The total amount of the administration fee charged in relation to the employee members is at least equal to an amount that reasonably relates to costs that:

                     (a)  are incurred by the trustee, or the trustees, of the fund in the administration and operation of the fund in relation to those members; and

                     (b)  are not otherwise charged as an investment fee, a buy‑sell spread, a switching fee, an exit fee, an activity fee, an advice fee or an insurance fee.

29VC  Activity fees and insurance fees to be charged on a cost recovery basis

             (1)  If the trustee, or the trustees, of a regulated superannuation fund charge an activity fee or an insurance fee to a member in relation to a MySuper product, the fee must be no more than it would be if it were charged on a cost recovery basis.

             (2)  The regulations may prescribe the way in which an activity fee or an insurance fee charged on a cost recovery basis is to be worked out.

29VD  Performance‑based fees

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a regulated superannuation fund offers a MySuper product; and

                     (b)  the trustee, or the trustees, of the fund enter into an arrangement with an investment manager for the investment of an asset or assets of the fund attributed, in whole or in part, to the MySuper product; and

                     (c)  under the arrangement, a fee payable to the investment manager is determined, in whole or in part, by reference to the performance of the investments made by the investment manager on behalf of the trustee or trustees of the fund (a performance‑based fee).

             (2)  The trustee, or the trustees, of the regulated superannuation fund must ensure that the arrangement complies with this section.

Base fee must be set or adjusted to give incentive to obtain performance‑based fee

             (3)  If, under the arrangement, a fee is or fees are payable to the investment manager in addition to the performance‑based fee, the other fee or fees must be set or adjusted so that they are lower than they would be if the arrangement did not include the performance‑based fee.

Period to which performance‑based fee relates

             (4)  The period over which entitlement to the performance‑based fee is determined under the arrangement must be appropriate to the kinds of investment to which the performance‑based fee relates.

Performance of investment must be measured against an appropriate benchmark

             (5)  Under the arrangement, the performance of the investment must be measured by comparison with the performance of investments of a similar kind.

Performance‑based fee to be worked out on after‑costs, after‑tax basis

             (6)  For the purposes of working out the performance‑based fee payable under the arrangement, the performance of the investment must be determined on an after‑costs and, where possible, an after‑tax basis.

Disincentives to underperformance

             (7)  Under the arrangement, the performance‑based fee must be calculated in a way that includes disincentives for poorly performing investments.

Best interests of MySuper members

             (8)  A trustee of a regulated superannuation fund does not breach this section to the extent that the asset or assets of the fund invested under the arrangement are attributed by the trustee or the trustees of the fund to a MySuper product if, despite the fact that the arrangement does not comply with one or more of the provisions of this section, the arrangement promotes the financial interests of the beneficiaries of the fund who hold the MySuper product.

29VE  Percentage‑based administration fees may be capped

                   If, under the governing rules of a regulated superannuation fund:

                     (a)  all or part of the administration fee in relation to a MySuper product is charged to those members of the fund who hold the product as a percentage of so much of the account balance of each of those members that relates to the MySuper product; and

                     (b)  the amount of the administration fee is capped at a specified amount; and

                     (c)  the cap is the same for all of those members; and

                     (d)  but for the fact that the administration fee is capped in that way, a charging rule in section 29VA would be satisfied in relation to the administration fee;

that charging rule is taken to be satisfied in relation to the administration fee.

Division 6Trustee obligations relating to MySuper

29VN  Additional obligations of a trustee in relation to a MySuper product

                   Each trustee of a regulated superannuation fund that includes a MySuper product must:

                     (a)  promote the financial interests of the beneficiaries of the fund who hold the MySuper product, in particular returns to those beneficiaries (after the deduction of fees, costs and taxes); and

                     (b)  determine on an annual basis whether the beneficiaries of the fund who hold the MySuper product are disadvantaged, in comparison to the beneficiaries of other funds who hold a MySuper product within those other funds, because the financial interests of the beneficiaries of the fund who hold the MySuper product are affected:

                              (i)  because the number of beneficiaries of the fund who hold the MySuper product is insufficient; or

                             (ii)  because the number of beneficiaries of the fund is insufficient; or

                            (iii)  where the assets of the fund that are attributed to the MySuper product are, or are to be, pooled with other assets of the fund or assets of another entity or other entities—because that pool of assets is insufficient; or

                            (iv)  in a case to which subparagraph (iii) does not apply—because the assets of the fund that are attributed to the MySuper product are insufficient; and

                     (c)  include in the investment strategy for the MySuper product the details of the trustee’s determination of the matters mentioned in paragraph (b); and

                     (d)  include in the investment strategy for the MySuper product, and update each year:

                              (i)  the investment return target over a period of 10 years for the assets of the fund that are attributed to the MySuper product; and

                             (ii)  the level of risk appropriate to the investment of those assets.

29VO  Additional obligations of a director of a corporate trustee in relation to a MySuper product

             (1)  Each director of a corporate trustee of a regulated superannuation fund that includes a MySuper product must exercise a reasonable degree of care and diligence for the purposes of ensuring that the corporate trustee carries out the obligations referred to in section 29VN.

             (2)  The reference in subsection (1) to a reasonable degree of care and diligence is a reference to the degree of care and diligence that a superannuation entity director would exercise in the corporate trustee’s circumstances.

             (3)  A superannuation entity director is a person whose profession, business or employment is or includes acting as director of a corporate trustee of a superannuation entity and investing money on behalf of beneficiaries of the superannuation entity.

29VP  Contravention of section 29VN

             (1)  A person must not contravene section 29VN.

             (2)  A contravention of subsection (1) is not an offence and a contravention of that subsection does not result in the invalidity of a transaction.

             (3)  A person who suffers loss or damage as a result of the conduct of another person that was engaged in in contravention of subsection (1) may recover the amount of the loss or damage by action against that other person or against any person involved in the contravention.

             (4)  An action under subsection (3) may be begun at any time within 6 years after the day on which the cause of action arose.

29VPA  Contravention of section 29VO

             (1)  A person must not contravene section 29VO.

             (2)  A contravention of subsection (1) is not an offence and a contravention of that subsection does not result in the invalidity of a transaction.

             (3)  A person who suffers loss or damage as a result of the conduct of another person that was engaged in in contravention of subsection (1) may, with the leave of the court, recover the amount of the loss or damage by action against that other person or against any person involved in the contravention.

             (4)  A person may, within 6 years after the day on which the cause of action arose, seek the leave of the court to bring such an action.

             (5)  In deciding whether to grant leave to bring such an action, the court must take into account whether:

                     (a)  the applicant is acting in good faith; and

                     (b)  there is a serious question to be tried.

             (6)  The court may, in granting leave to bring such an action, specify a period within which the action may be brought.

29VQ  Governing rules void to the extent that they are inconsistent with obligations under section 29VN or 29VO

                   A provision of the governing rules of a regulated superannuation fund is void to the extent that it is inconsistent with:

                     (a)  the obligations that apply to a trustee of the fund under section 29VN; or

                     (b)  if the trustee of the fund is a body corporate—the obligations that apply to the directors of the body corporate under section 29VO.

Division 7Offences

29W  Offering a product as a MySuper product when not authorised to do so

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person makes a representation; and

                     (b)  the representation is that a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund is a MySuper product; and

                     (c)  the RSE licensee for the fund does not have authority to offer a beneficial interest of that class in the fund as a MySuper product.

Penalty:  60 penalty units.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility and Part IA of the Crimes Act 1914 contains provisions dealing with penalties.

             (2)  Subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

29WA  Contributions in relation to which no election is made are to be paid into MySuper product

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a person is a member of a regulated superannuation fund (other than a defined benefit member); and

                     (b)  a contribution to the fund is made for the benefit of the person; and

                     (c)  either:

                              (i)  the person has not given the trustee, or the trustees, of the fund a direction that the contribution is to be invested under one or more specified investment options; or

                             (ii)  the person has given the trustee, or the trustees, of the fund a direction that some of the contribution is to be invested under one or more specified investment options, but no such direction has been made in relation to the remainder of the contribution.

             (2)  The trustee, or trustees, of the fund must treat any contribution to the fund in relation to which no direction has been given, and any part of a contribution to the fund in relation to which no direction has been given, as a contribution to be paid into a MySuper product of the fund.

             (3)  A trustee commits an offence if the trustee contravenes subsection (2). This is an offence of strict liability.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note 1:       Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility and Part IA of the Crimes Act 1914 contains provisions dealing with penalties.

Note 2:       For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Directions

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, a direction that it is alleged was given to the trustee, or the trustees, of the fund after 31 March 2013 is taken not to have been given if:

                     (a)  the direction was not given in writing; or

                     (b)  a copy of the direction is not held by or on behalf of the trustee, or the trustees, of the fund.

             (5)  The regulations may prescribe circumstances in which a direction given to the trustee, or the trustees, of one regulated superannuation fund is to be taken to be a direction given to the trustee, or the trustees, of another regulated superannuation fund for the purposes of this section.

Exception—life policies, investment account contracts and cash investment options

             (6)  If an asset (or assets) attributed to the person mentioned in subsection (1) is invested in one or more of the following on 31 March 2013:

                     (a)  a life policy under which contributions and accumulated earnings may not be reduced by negative investment returns or any reduction in the value of assets in which the policy is invested;

                     (b)  a life policy under which the benefit to the person (or a relative or dependant of the person) is based only on the realisation of a risk, not the performance of an investment;

                     (c)  an investment account contract the only beneficiaries of which are the person, and relatives and dependants of the person;

                     (d)  an investment option under which the investment is held as cash;

subsection (2) does not apply to the extent that a contribution to the fund for the benefit of the person is invested in the life policy, under the investment account contract or in the cash investment option.

29WB  Contributions by large employer in relation to which no election is made to be paid into large employer MySuper product

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  the trustee, or the trustees, of a regulated superannuation fund are authorised to offer a class of beneficial interest in the fund as a MySuper product on the basis that section 29TB is satisfied in relation to that class of beneficial interest; and

                     (b)  a member (other than a defined benefit member) is entitled to hold the MySuper product; and

                     (c)  a contribution is made for the benefit of the member; and

                     (d)  either:

                              (i)  the member has not given the trustee, or the trustees, of the fund a direction that the contribution is to be invested under one or more specified investment options; or

                             (ii)  the member has given the trustee, or the trustees, of the fund a direction that some of the contribution is to be invested under one or more specified investment options, but no such direction has been made in relation to the remainder of the contribution.

             (2)  The trustee, or the trustees, of the fund must treat so much of the contribution in relation to which no direction is given as a contribution to be paid into the MySuper product.

             (3)  A trustee commits an offence if the trustee contravenes subsection (2). This is an offence of strict liability.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note 1:       Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility and Part IA of the Crimes Act 1914 contains provisions dealing with penalties.

Note 2:       For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Directions

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, a direction that it is alleged was given to the trustee, or the trustees, of the fund after 31 March 2013 is taken not to have been given if:

                     (a)  the direction was not given in writing; or

                     (b)  a copy of the direction is not held by or on behalf of the trustee, or the trustees, of the fund.

             (5)  The regulations may prescribe circumstances in which a direction given to the trustee, or the trustees, of one regulated superannuation fund is to be taken to be a direction given to the trustee, or the trustees, of another regulated superannuation fund for the purposes of this section.

Exception—life policies, investment account contracts and cash investment options

             (6)  If an asset (or assets) attributed to the member mentioned in subsection (1) is invested in one or more of the following on 31 March 2013:

                     (a)  a life policy under which contributions and accumulated earnings may not be reduced by negative investment returns or any reduction in the value of assets in which the policy is invested;

                     (b)  a life policy under which the benefit to the member (or a relative or dependant of the member) is based only on the realisation of a risk, not the performance of an investment;

                     (c)  an investment account contract the only beneficiaries of which are the member, and relatives and dependants of the member;

                     (d)  an investment option under which the investment is held as cash;

subsection (2) does not apply to the extent that a contribution to the fund for the benefit of the member is invested in the life policy, under the investment account contract or in the cash investment option.

Division 8Other matters

29X  Prudential standards dealing with accrued default amounts

                   A prudential standard determined under section 34C may include provisions:

                     (a)  requiring an RSE licensee of a regulated superannuation fund who holds an accrued default amount:

                              (i)  for a member of the fund who is not eligible to hold a MySuper product offered by the fund; or

                             (ii)  for a member of a regulated superannuation fund of the RSE licensee that does not offer a MySuper product;

                            to transfer that amount to another regulated superannuation fund that includes a MySuper product; and

                     (b)  setting out the requirements that must be met in relation to the transfer of such an accrued default amount; and

                     (c)  dealing with other matters relating to such an accrued default amount.

29XA  Prudential standards dealing with assets attributed to former MySuper products

                   A prudential standard determined under section 34C may include provisions:

                     (a)  requiring an RSE licensee who is authorised to offer a class of beneficial interest in a regulated superannuation fund as a MySuper product to transfer any asset or assets of the fund that are attributed to the MySuper product into another MySuper product within the fund, or a MySuper product within another fund, if the authority is cancelled under subsection 29U(1); and

                     (b)  setting out the requirements that must be met in relation to the transfer of such an asset or assets; and

                     (c)  dealing with other matters relating to such an asset or assets.

29XB  No liability for certain transfers

                   A trustee of a regulated superannuation fund is not subject to any liability to a member of the fund:

                     (a)  for an action taken to give effect to an election made in accordance with section 29SAA or 29SAB; or

                     (b)  for an action of the kind mentioned in subsection 55C(1).

29XC  Public sector superannuation scheme ceases to be exempt

                   If APRA becomes aware that:

                     (a)  a public sector superannuation scheme has ceased to be an exempt public sector superannuation scheme; and

                     (b)  the scheme is not a regulated superannuation fund that offers a MySuper product;

APRA must notify the Fair Work Commission of that fact.

Part 3Operating standards

Division 1Object of Part

30  Object of Part

                   The object of this Part is to provide for a system of prescribed standards applicable to:

                     (a)  the operation of regulated superannuation funds, approved deposit funds and pooled superannuation trusts; and

                     (b)  the trustees and RSE licensees of those funds and trusts.

Division 2Operating standards

31  Operating standards for regulated superannuation funds

             (1)  The regulations may prescribe standards applicable to the operation of regulated superannuation funds (funds) and to trustees and RSE licensees of those funds.

             (2)  The standards that may be prescribed include, but are not limited to, standards relating to the following matters:

                     (a)  the persons who may contribute to funds;

                     (b)  the vesting in beneficiaries in funds of benefits arising directly or indirectly from amounts contributed to the funds;

                     (c)  the amount of contributions that a fund may accept;

                     (d)  the circumstances in which a fund may accept contributions;

                   (da)  the charging of fees (including the calculation of the amount of fees) to:

                      (i)  members of a fund; and

                     (ii)  members who hold a particular class of beneficial interest in a fund;

                   (db)  the attribution of costs between classes of beneficial interest in a fund;

                     (e)  the form in which benefits may be provided by funds;

                    (ea)  the kinds of benefits that must not be provided by taking out insurance, or insurance of a particular kind;

                   (eb)  the kinds of benefits that must not be provided other than by taking out insurance, or insurance of a particular kind;

                      (f)  the actuarial standards that will apply to funds;

                     (g)  the preservation of benefits arising directly or indirectly from amounts contributed to funds;

                     (h)  the payment by funds of benefits arising directly or indirectly from amounts contributed to the funds;

                      (i)  the portability of benefits arising directly or indirectly from amounts contributed to funds;

                      (j)  the levels of benefits that may be provided by funds and the levels of assets that may be held by funds;

                     (k)  the application by funds of money no longer required to meet payments of benefits to beneficiaries because the beneficiaries have ceased to be entitled to receive those benefits;

                      (l)  the investment of assets of funds and the management of the investment;

                    (m)  the number of trustees, and the composition of boards or committees of trustees, of funds;

                  (ma)  the requirements relating to fitness and propriety for RSE licensees of funds and trustees of funds;

                     (n)  the keeping and retention of records in relation to funds;

                     (o)  the financial and actuarial reports to be prepared in relation to funds;

                     (p)  the disclosure of information to beneficiaries in funds;

                   (pa)  the disclosure of information by a trustee of a fund who is a member of a group of individual trustees to the other trustees in that group;

                     (q)  the disclosure of information about funds to the Regulator;

                      (r)  the disclosure of information about funds to persons other than beneficiaries or the Regulator;

                      (s)  the financial position of funds;

                    (sa)  the outsourcing arrangements relating to the operation of funds;

                    (sb)  the adequacy of resources (including human resources, technical resources, and financial resources) of, or available to, trustees of funds;

                      (t)  the funding and solvency of funds;

                     (u)  the winding‑up of funds.

32  Operating standards for approved deposit funds

             (1)  The regulations may prescribe standards applicable to the operation of approved deposit funds (funds) and to trustees and RSE licensees of those funds.

             (2)  The standards that may be prescribed include, but are not limited to, standards relating to the following matters:

                     (a)  the kinds of amounts that may be deposited with funds;

                    (aa)  the circumstances in which amounts may be deposited with funds;

                     (b)  the preservation of amounts deposited with funds, and of earnings on such amounts;

                     (c)  the payment out of funds of amounts deposited with the funds, and of earnings on such amounts;

                     (d)  the portability of amounts deposited with funds, and of earnings on such amounts;

                     (e)  the form in which benefits may be paid out of funds;

                      (f)  the investment of assets of funds and the management of the investment;

                    (fa)  the requirements relating to fitness and propriety for RSE licensees of funds and trustees of funds;

                     (g)  the keeping and retention of records in relation to funds;

                     (h)  the financial and actuarial reports to be prepared in relation to funds;

                      (i)  the disclosure of information to beneficiaries in funds;

                      (j)  the disclosure of information about funds to the Regulator;

                     (k)  the disclosure of information about funds to persons other than beneficiaries or the Regulator;

                      (l)  the financial position of funds;

                    (la)  the outsourcing arrangements relating to the operation of funds;

                    (lb)  the adequacy of resources (including human resources, technical resources, and financial resources) of, or available to, trustees of funds;

                    (m)  the funding and solvency of funds;

                     (n)  the winding‑up of funds.

33  Operating standards for pooled superannuation trusts

             (1)  The regulations may prescribe standards applicable to the operation of pooled superannuation trusts (trusts) and to trustees and RSE licensees of those trusts.

             (2)  The standards that may be prescribed include, but are not limited to, standards relating to the following matters:

                    (aa)  the circumstances in which units in trusts may be acquired;

                     (a)  the ownership and disposal of units in trusts;

                     (b)  the investment of assets of trusts and the management of the investment;

                   (ba)  the requirements relating to fitness and propriety for RSE licensees of trusts and trustees of trusts;

                     (c)  the persons who may be trustees of trusts;

                     (d)  the number of trustees, and the composition of boards or committees of trustees, of trusts;

                     (e)  the keeping and retention of records in relation to trusts;

                      (f)  the financial and actuarial reports to be prepared in relation to trusts;

                     (g)  the disclosure of information to unit‑holders in trusts;

                     (h)  the disclosure of information about trusts to the Regulator;

                      (i)  the disclosure of information about trusts to persons other than unit‑holders or the Regulator;

                      (j)  the financial position of trusts;

                    (ja)  the outsourcing arrangements relating to the operation of trusts;

                    (jb)  the adequacy of resources (including human resources, technical resources and financial resources) of, or available to, trustees of trusts;

                     (k)  the funding and solvency of trusts.

33A  Relationship between operating standards, this Act and the regulations

             (1)  A standard applicable to the operation of a superannuation entity may be prescribed that elaborates, supplements or otherwise deals with any aspect of:

                     (a)  a matter relating to the operation of the entity to which a covenant referred to in sections 52 to 53 or prescribed under section 54A relates; or

                     (b)  a matter relating to the operation of the entity to which a provision of this Act or another provision of the regulations relates.

             (2)  However, a standard applicable to the operation of a superannuation entity is of no effect to the extent that it conflicts with this Act.

34  Prescribed operating standards must be complied with

Standards must be complied with

             (1)  Each trustee of a superannuation entity must ensure that the prescribed standards applicable to the operation of the entity are complied with at all times.

Offence

             (2)  A person who intentionally or recklessly contravenes subsection (1) is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by a fine not exceeding 100 penalty units.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

Validity of transaction not affected by contravention of (1)

             (3)  A contravention of subsection (1) does not affect the validity of a transaction.

Division 3Portability forms

34A  Portability forms

             (1)  For the purposes of standards made under Division 2, and without limiting that Division, the regulations may prescribe a scheme under which:

                     (a)  a beneficiary of:

                              (i)  a regulated superannuation fund; or

                             (ii)  an approved deposit fund;

                            gives to the Commissioner of Taxation a request for the benefits held for the beneficiary in the fund to be rolled‑over or transferred; and

                     (b)  the Commissioner may pass the request on to the trustee of the fund.

Note:          The standards may require the trustee to act on the request. See paragraphs 31(2)(i) and 32(2)(d).

             (2)  The regulations may provide that the request must be given to the Commissioner in the approved form.

Note:          The approved form may require the beneficiary to set out his or her tax file number. See subsection 299U(2A).

Part 3APrudential standards

  

34B  Object of this Part

                   The object of this Part is to provide for a system of standards in relation to prudential matters concerning registrable superannuation entities.

34C  APRA may determine prudential standards

             (1)  APRA may determine (in writing) standards (prudential standards) relating to prudential matters that must be complied with by:

                     (a)  all RSE licensees of registrable superannuation entities; or

                     (b)  the connected entities of all RSE licensees of registrable superannuation entities; or

                     (c)  a specified class of RSE licensees of registrable superannuation entities; or

                     (d)  a specified class of connected entities of RSE licensees of registrable superannuation entities; or

                     (e)  one or more specified RSE licensees of registrable superannuation entities; or

                      (f)  one or more specified connected entities of RSE licensees of registrable superannuation entities.

             (2)  A prudential standard may impose different requirements to be complied with:

                     (a)  by different classes of RSE licensees of registrable superannuation entities or connected entities of RSE licensees of registrable superannuation entities; or

                     (b)  in different situations; or

                     (c)  in respect of different activities.

             (3)  Without limiting the prudential matters in relation to which APRA may determine a prudential standard, a prudential standard may require the following entities to ensure that the entity’s connected entities (or particular connected entities), or the entity and the entity’s connected entities (or particular connected entities), collectively satisfy particular requirements:

                     (a)  each RSE licensee of a registrable superannuation entity;

                     (b)  each RSE licensee of a registrable superannuation entity included in a specified class of RSE licensees;

                     (c)  a specified RSE licensee of a registrable superannuation entity;

                     (d)  each of 2 or more RSE licensees of registrable superannuation entities.

             (4)  A prudential matter is a matter relating to:

                     (a)  the conduct by an RSE licensee of a registrable superannuation entity of the affairs of the registrable superannuation entity, or the affairs of a connected entity of the RSE licensee, in such a way as to:

                              (i)  protect the interests of the beneficiaries of the registrable superannuation entity; or

                             (ii)  meet the reasonable expectations of the beneficiaries of the registrable superannuation entity; or

                     (b)  the conduct by a connected entity of an RSE licensee of a registrable superannuation entity of the affairs of the connected entity in such a way as to:

                              (i)  protect the interests of the beneficiaries of the registrable superannuation entity; or

                             (ii)  meet the reasonable expectations of the beneficiaries of the registrable superannuation entity; or

                     (c)  the conduct by an RSE licensee of a registrable superannuation entity of the affairs of the licensee in such a way as:

                              (i)  to keep itself in a sound financial position; or

                             (ii)  not to cause or promote instability in the Australian financial system; or

                     (d)  the conduct by an RSE licensee of a registrable superannuation entity of the affairs of the registrable superannuation entity in such a way as not to cause or promote instability in the Australian financial system; or

                     (e)  the conduct by a connected entity of an RSE licensee of a registrable superannuation entity of the affairs of the connected entity in such a way as:

                              (i)  to keep itself in a sound financial position; or

                             (ii)  not to cause or promote instability in the Australian financial system; or

                      (f)  the conduct by an RSE licensee of a registrable superannuation entity, or a connected entity of the RSE licensee, of any of its affairs that are relevant to the registrable superannuation entity with integrity, prudence and professional skill; or

                     (g)  the appointment of auditors and actuaries; or

                     (h)  the conduct of audits and actuarial investigations.

             (5)  The prudential standards may provide for APRA to exercise powers and discretions under the standards, including but not limited to discretions to approve, impose, adjust or exclude specific prudential requirements in relation to the following:

                     (a)  a particular RSE licensee of a registrable superannuation entity;

                     (b)  a particular connected entity of an RSE licensee of a registrable superannuation entity;

                     (c)  specified RSE licensees of registrable superannuation entities;

                     (d)  specified connected entities of RSE licensees of registrable superannuation entities.

             (6)  APRA may, in writing, vary or revoke a standard.

             (7)  A standard referred to in paragraph (1)(e) or (f), or a variation of a standard referred to in those paragraphs, comes into force on the later of:

                     (a)  the day on which APRA satisfies subsection 34E(1) in relation to the standard or variation (obligation to give a copy to each RSE licensee and connected entity to which it applies); and

                     (b)  if APRA includes with the copy of the standard or variation a notice that the standard or variation will come into force on a later day—that later day.

             (8)  The revocation of a standard referred to in paragraph (1)(e) or (f) comes into force on the later of:

                     (a)  the day on which APRA satisfies subsection 34E(2) in relation to the revocation (obligation to give notice of the revocation to each RSE licensee or connected entity to which the standard relates); and

                     (b)  the day specified in that notice as the day on which the revocation comes into force.

             (9)  The following instruments made under this section are not legislative instruments:

                     (a)  a standard referred to in paragraph (1)(e) or (f);

                     (b)  an instrument varying or revoking a standard referred to in paragraph (1)(e) or (f).

           (10)  Otherwise, an instrument made under this section is a legislative instrument.

34D  Relationship between prudential standards, this Act and the regulations

             (1)  A prudential standard may be determined that elaborates, supplements or otherwise deals with any aspect of:

                     (a)  a prudential matter to which a covenant referred to in sections 52 to 53 or prescribed under section 54A relates; or

                     (b)  a prudential matter to which a provision of this Act or the regulations relates.

             (2)  However, a prudential standard is of no effect to the extent that it conflicts with this Act or the regulations.

34E  Notice of determination, variation or revocation of certain prudential standards

             (1)  If APRA determines or varies a prudential standard referred to in paragraph 34C(1)(e) or (f), APRA must give a copy of the standard or of the variation to each RSE licensee and connected entity to which the standard applies.

             (2)  If APRA revokes a prudential standard referred to in paragraph 34C(1)(e) or (f), APRA must give notice of the revocation to each RSE licensee and connected entity to which the standard applies.

34F  APRA to monitor prudential matters

                   The functions of APRA include:

                     (a)  collecting and analysing information on prudential matters concerning RSE licensees of registrable superannuation entities and connected entities of RSE licensees of registrable superannuation entities; and

                     (b)  encouraging and promoting the carrying out of sound practices in relation to prudential matters by RSE licensees of registrable superannuation entities and connected entities of RSE licensees of registrable superannuation entities; and

                     (c)  evaluating the effectiveness and carrying out of those practices.

Part 3BSuperannuation data and payment regulations and standards

Division 1Superannuation data and payment regulations and standards

34H  Object of Part

             (1)  The object of this Part is to further the interests of beneficiaries of eligible superannuation entities by improving the productivity of the superannuation system.

             (2)  The Part does this by providing for a system of standards relating to payments and information connected with the operation of eligible superannuation entities.

34J  Alternative constitutional basis

                   Without limiting its effect apart from this section, this Part also has the effect it would have if each reference to an employer were, by express provision, confined to an employer that is a corporation to which paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution applies.

34K  Superannuation data and payment regulations and standards

             (1)  The regulations may make provision for and in relation to superannuation data and payment matters, to be complied with by:

                     (a)  trustees of eligible superannuation entities; and

                     (b)  employers in their dealings with eligible superannuation entities.

             (2)  The regulations may prescribe different requirements for different classes of eligible superannuation entity or employer.

             (3)  The Commissioner of Taxation may, by legislative instrument, determine standards (superannuation data and payment standards) relating to superannuation data and payment matters, applicable to:

                     (a)  trustees of eligible superannuation entities; and

                     (b)  employers in their dealings with eligible superannuation entities.

Note:          For variation and revocation, see subsection 33(3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (4)  The superannuation data and payment standards may specify different requirements for different classes of eligible superannuation entity or employer.

             (5)  A superannuation data and payment matter is a matter relating to the manner in which payments and information of a kind mentioned in subsection (6):

                     (a)  relating to:

                              (i)  a member of an eligible superannuation entity; or

                             (ii)  an employee for whose benefit a contribution to an eligible superannuation entity is to be made by an employer; and

                     (b)  connected with the operation of the eligible superannuation entity;

are dealt with.

             (6)  The kinds of payments and information are:

                     (a)  transactions, including payments, contributions, roll‑over superannuation benefits (within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997), allocations, transfers and refunds; and

                     (b)  reports; and

                     (c)  records, including registrations; and

                     (d)  unique identifiers for use with such transactions, reports and records; and

                     (e)  any other kind of payment or information that is prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph; and

                      (f)  to avoid doubt, any payment or information of a kind mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (e) and made or provided by the Commissioner of Taxation.

Adoption of other instruments

             (7)  The regulations or standards may make provision in relation to a matter by applying, adopting or incorporating, with or without modification, any matter contained in any other instrument or writing:

                     (a)  as in force or existing at a particular time; or

                     (b)  as in force or existing from time to time.

             (8)  Subsection (7) has effect despite anything in subsection 14(2) of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

Consultations in preparing superannuation data and payment standards

             (9)  The Commissioner of Taxation must consult with APRA in preparing the superannuation data and payment standards.

Note:          For further consultation requirements, see section 17 of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

           (10)  A failure to comply with subsection (9) does not affect the validity or enforceability of the superannuation data and payment standards.

34L  Relationship between standards and other law

             (1)  A superannuation data and payment standard may elaborate on or supplement any aspect of regulations made under this Part.

             (2)  However, a superannuation data and payment standard is of no effect to the extent that it conflicts with this Act or the regulations.

Division 2Compliance with superannuation data and payment regulations and standards

34M  Compliance requirement—trustees of eligible superannuation entities

             (1)  Each trustee of an eligible superannuation entity must ensure that payments and information relating to a member of the eligible superannuation entity, or a person for whose benefit a contribution to the eligible superannuation entity is to be made, are dealt with in a manner that complies with any applicable:

                     (a)  regulations made under this Part; and

                     (b)  superannuation data and payment standards.

Note:          Section 288‑110 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 provides an administrative penalty for contravention of this subsection.

Strict liability offence

             (2)  A person commits an offence of strict liability if the person contravenes subsection (1).

Penalty:  20 penalty units.

Note:          For offences of strict liability, see subsection 6.1(1) of the Criminal Code.

             (3)  A contravention of subsection (1) does not affect the validity of a transaction.

34N  Compliance requirement—employers

             (1)  An employer must deal with payments and information relating to an employee, for whose benefit a contribution to an eligible superannuation entity is to be made, in a manner that complies with any applicable:

                     (a)  regulations made under this Part; and

                     (b)  superannuation data and payment standards.

Note:          Section 288‑110 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 provides an administrative penalty for contravention of this subsection.

Strict liability offence

             (2)  A person commits an offence of strict liability if the person contravenes subsection (1).

Penalty:  20 penalty units.

Note:          For offences of strict liability, see subsection 6.1(1) of the Criminal Code.

             (3)  A contravention of subsection (1) does not affect the validity of a transaction.

34P  Regulator’s power to give directions in certain circumstances—trustees of eligible superannuation entities

             (1)  The Regulator may give a trustee of an eligible superannuation entity a direction of a kind specified in subsection (4) if the Regulator reasonably believes that a trustee of the eligible superannuation entity has contravened, or is likely to contravene:

                     (a)  a particular regulation made under this Part; or

                     (b)  a particular superannuation data and payment standard.

             (2)  In deciding whether to give a direction, and deciding the content of the direction, the Regulator must take account of the following matters:

                     (a)  the extent (if any) to which the eligible superannuation entity is operating in a way that is contrary to the object of this Part;

                     (b)  any other matter that the Regulator considers relevant.

             (3)  The direction must be given by notice in writing to the trustee of the eligible superannuation entity.

             (4)  The kinds of direction that a trustee of an eligible superannuation entity may be given are directions to do any one or more of the following by a specified time:

                     (a)  do a specified act that the Regulator considers is necessary to address the contravention mentioned in subsection (1) (or prevent the likely contravention mentioned in that subsection);

                     (b)  refrain from doing an act, if the Regulator considers the refraining is necessary to address the contravention mentioned in subsection (1) (or prevent the likely contravention mentioned in that subsection).

             (5)  The time specified in the direction must be 21 days or more after the day the direction is given.

             (6)  The trustee of the eligible superannuation entity must ensure the direction is complied with by the specified time.

Note:          Section 288‑110 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 provides an administrative penalty for contravention of this subsection.

Strict liability offence

             (7)  A person commits an offence of strict liability if the person contravenes subsection (6).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note:          For offences of strict liability, see subsection 6.1(1) of the Criminal Code.

             (8)  The Regulator may, by notice in writing to the trustee of the eligible superannuation entity, vary the direction or the time specified if, at the time of the variation, the Regulator considers that the variation is necessary and appropriate.

             (9)  The direction has effect until the Regulator revokes it by notice in writing to the trustee of the eligible superannuation entity. The Regulator may revoke the direction if, at the time of revocation, it considers that the direction is no longer necessary or appropriate.

34Q  Regulator’s power to give directions in certain circumstances—employers

             (1)  The Regulator may give an employer a direction of a kind specified in subsection (4) if the Regulator reasonably believes that the employer has contravened, or is likely to contravene:

                     (a)  a particular regulation made under this Part; or

                     (b)  a particular superannuation data and payment standard.

             (2)  In deciding whether to give a direction, and deciding the content of the direction, the Regulator must take account of the following matters:

                     (a)  the extent (if any) to which the employer is operating in a way that is contrary to the object of this Part;

                     (b)  any other matter that the Regulator considers relevant.

             (3)  The direction must be given by notice in writing to the employer.

             (4)  The kinds of direction that the employer may be given are directions to do any one or more of the following by a specified time:

                     (a)  do a specified act that the Regulator considers is necessary to address the contravention mentioned in subsection (1) (or prevent the likely contravention mentioned in that subsection);

                     (b)  refrain from doing an act, if the Regulator considers the refraining is necessary to address the contravention mentioned in subsection (1) (or prevent the likely contravention mentioned in that subsection).

             (5)  The time specified in the direction must be 21 days or more after the day the direction is given.

             (6)  The employer must comply with the direction by the specified time.

Note:          Section 288‑110 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 provides an administrative penalty for contravention of this subsection.

Strict liability offence

             (7)  A person commits an offence of strict liability if the person contravenes subsection (6).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note:          For offences of strict liability, see subsection 6.1(1) of the Criminal Code.

             (8)  The Regulator may, by notice in writing to the employer, vary the direction or the time specified if, at the time of the variation, it considers that the variation is necessary and appropriate.

             (9)  The direction has effect until the Regulator revokes it by notice in writing to the employer. The Regulator may revoke the direction if, at the time of revocation, it considers that the direction is no longer necessary or appropriate.

Division 3Infringement notices

34R  When an infringement notice may be given

             (1)  If the Regulator has reasonable grounds to believe that a person has contravened an offence of strict liability in Division 2, the Regulator may give to the person an infringement notice for the alleged contravention.

             (2)  The infringement notice must be given within 12 months after the day on which the contravention is alleged to have taken place.

             (3)  A single infringement notice may be given to a person in respect of:

                     (a)  2 or more alleged contraventions of an offence of strict liability in Division 2; and

                     (b)  alleged contraventions of 2 or more offences of strict liability in Division 2.

34S  Matters to be included in notice

             (1)  An infringement notice must:

                     (a)  state the day on which it is given; and

                     (b)  state the name of the person to whom it is given; and

                     (c)  state the name of the person who gave the notice; and

                     (d)  give brief details of the alleged contravention, including:

                              (i)  the provision that was allegedly contravened; and

                             (ii)  the maximum penalty that a court could impose for the contravention; and

                            (iii)  the time (if known) and day of, and the place of, the alleged contravention; and

                     (e)  state the amount that is payable under the notice; and

                      (f)  give an explanation of how payment of the amount is to be made; and

                     (g)  state that, if the person to whom the notice is given pays the amount within 28 days after the day the notice is given, then (unless the notice is withdrawn) the person is not liable to be prosecuted in a court in relation to the alleged contravention; and

                     (h)  state that payment of the amount is not an admission of guilt or liability; and

                      (i)  state that the person may apply to the Regulator to have the period in which to pay the amount extended; and

                      (j)  state that the person may choose not to pay the amount and, if the person does so, the person may be prosecuted in a court in relation to the alleged contravention; and

                     (k)  set out how the notice can be withdrawn; and

                     (1)  state that if the notice is withdrawn:

                              (i)  any amount paid under the notice must be refunded; and

                             (ii)  the person may be prosecuted in a court for the alleged contravention; and

                    (m)  state that the person may make written representations to the Regulator seeking the withdrawal of the notice.

             (2)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(e), the amount to be stated in the notice for the alleged contravention of the provision must be equal to one‑fifth of the maximum penalty that a court could impose on the person for that contravention.

34T  Extension of time to pay amount

             (1)  A person to whom an infringement notice has been given may apply to the Regulator for an extension of the period referred to in paragraph 34S(1)(g).

             (2)  If the application is made before the end of that period, the Regulator may, in writing, extend that period. The Regulator may do so before or after the end of that period.

             (3)  If the Regulator extends that period, a reference in this Division, or in a notice or other instrument under this Division, to the period referred to in paragraph 34S(1)(g) is taken to be a reference to that period as so extended.

             (4)  If the Regulator does not extend that period, a reference in this Division, or in a notice or other instrument under this Division, to the period referred to in paragraph 34S(1)(g) is taken to be a reference to the period that ends on the later of the following days:

                     (a)  the day that is the last day of the period referred to in paragraph 34S(1)(g);

                     (b)  the day that is 7 days after the day the person was given notice of the Regulator’s decision not to extend.

             (5)  The Regulator may extend the period more than once under subsection (2).

34U  Withdrawal of an infringement notice

Representations seeking withdrawal of notice

             (1)  A person to whom an infringement notice has been given may, within 21 days after the day the notice is given, make written representations to the Regulator seeking the withdrawal of the notice.

Withdrawal of notice

             (2)  The Regulator may withdraw an infringement notice given to a person (whether or not the person has made written representations seeking the withdrawal).

             (3)  When deciding whether or not to withdraw an infringement notice (the relevant infringement notice), the Regulator:

                     (a)  must take into account any written representations seeking the withdrawal that were given by the person to the Regulator; and

                     (b)  may take into account the following:

                              (i)  whether a court has previously imposed a penalty on the person for a contravention of an offence of strict liability in Division 2;

                             (ii)  the circumstances of the alleged contravention;

                            (iii)  whether the person has paid an amount, stated in an earlier infringement notice, for a contravention of an offence of strict liability in Division 2 if the contravention is constituted by conduct that is the same, or substantially the same, as the conduct alleged to constitute the contravention in the relevant infringement notice;

                            (iv)  any other matter the Regulator considers relevant.

Notice of withdrawal

             (4)  Notice of the withdrawal of the infringement notice must be given to the person. The withdrawal notice must state:

                     (a)  the person’s name and address; and

                     (b)  the day the infringement notice was given; and

                     (c)  that the infringement notice is withdrawn; and

                     (d)  that the person may be prosecuted in a court in relation to the alleged contravention.

Refund of amount if infringement notice withdrawn

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  the Regulator withdraws the infringement notice; and

                     (b)  the person has already paid the amount stated in the notice;

the Commonwealth must refund to the person an amount equal to the amount paid.

34V  Effect of payment of amount

             (1)  If the person to whom an infringement notice for an alleged contravention of a provision is given pays the amount stated in the notice before the end of the period referred to in paragraph 34S(1)(g):

                     (a)  any liability of the person for the alleged contravention is discharged; and

                     (b)  the person may not be prosecuted in a court for the alleged contravention; and

                     (c)  the person is not regarded as having been convicted of the alleged offence; and

                     (d)  the person is not regarded as having admitted guilt or liability for the alleged contravention.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the notice has been withdrawn.

34W  Effect of this Division

                   This Division does not:

                     (a)  require an infringement notice to be given to a person for an alleged contravention of an offence of strict liability in Division 2; or

                     (b)  affect the liability of a person for an alleged contravention of an offence of strict liability in Division 2 if:

                              (i)  the person does not comply with an infringement notice given to the person for the contravention; or

                             (ii)  an infringement notice is not given to the person for the contravention; or

                            (iii)  an infringement notice is given to the person for the contravention and is subsequently withdrawn; or

                     (c)  prevent the giving of 2 or more infringement notices to a person for an alleged contravention of an offence of strict liability in Division 2; or

                     (d)  limit a court’s discretion to determine the amount of a penalty to be imposed on a person who is found to have contravened an offence of strict liability in Division 2.

Division 4Information

Subdivision ACorrection and rectification of information

34X  Correction and rectification of information

             (1)  The Commissioner of Taxation may alter information in his or her possession for the purposes of ensuring the information complies with:

                     (a)  any applicable regulations made under this Part; and

                     (b)  any applicable superannuation data and payment standards.

             (2)  An alteration made by the Commissioner of Taxation under subsection (1) does not have the effect of discharging any liability of a person for a contravention of a provision of this Part relating to the information.

Subdivision BRegister of information about certain funds and schemes

34Y  Register of information about certain funds and schemes

             (1)  The Commissioner of Taxation must keep a register of information for the purposes of this Part.

             (2)  The Commissioner of Taxation is to keep the register by electronic means.

             (3)  The register is not a legislative instrument.

             (4)  The Commissioner of Taxation may cause the contents of all or part of the register to be made available to:

                     (a)  entities that must comply with the superannuation data and payment regulations and standards; and

                     (b)  entities that must comply with the data and payment regulations and standards relating to RSAs; and

                     (c)  exempt public sector superannuation schemes.

Contents of the register

             (5)  The register must contain the information given to the Commissioner of Taxation in accordance with section 34Z.

             (6)  The trustee of an exempt public sector superannuation scheme may give the Commissioner of Taxation information that both:

                     (a)  relates to the scheme; and

                     (b)  is of the kind given to the Commissioner of Taxation in accordance with section 34Z.

The Commissioner of Taxation may include that information on the register.

34Z  Trustees to provide information for inclusion in register

             (1)  The following matters may be prescribed by regulation:

                     (a)  information that is required to be given to the Commissioner of Taxation in accordance with this section in relation to prescribed eligible superannuation entities;

                     (b)  the manner and form (including electronic form) in which the prescribed information is to be provided;

                     (c)  the time at which, or period within which, the prescribed information is to be provided.

             (2)  Each trustee of a prescribed eligible superannuation entity must ensure that the prescribed information in relation to the entity is given to the Commissioner of Taxation in accordance with the regulation.

Contravening requirement to give information

             (3)  A person commits an offence of strict liability if the person contravenes subsection (2).

Penalty:  25 penalty units.

Note:          For offences of strict liability, see subsection 6.1(1) of the Criminal Code.

Part 4Accounts, audit and reporting obligations for superannuation entities

Division 1Objects

35  Objects of Part

                   The objects of this Part are:

                     (a)  to set out rules about the accounts, statements and audits of superannuation entities; and

                     (b)  to require certain reports and returns relating to superannuation entities to be given to the Regulator.

Division 2Obligations for registrable superannuation entities

35A  Accounting records

Accounting records must be kept etc.

             (1)  Each trustee of a registrable superannuation entity must ensure that:

                     (a)  accounting records that correctly record and explain the transactions and financial position of the RSE licensee for the entity and the entity are kept; and

                     (b)  the accounting records of the RSE licensee and the entity are kept in a way that enables:

                              (i)  the preparation of reporting documents referred to in section 13 of the Financial Sector (Collection of Data) Act 2001; and

                             (ii)  the preparation of any other documents required to be audited under the RSE licensee law; and

                     (c)  the accounting records of the RSE licensee and the entity are kept in a way that enables those reporting documents and other documents to be conveniently and properly audited in accordance with the RSE licensee law.

             (2)  If accounting records of an RSE licensee or a registrable superannuation entity are kept in accordance with subsection (1), each trustee of the entity must ensure that:

                     (a)  the records are retained for at least 5 years after the end of the year of income to which the transactions relate; and

                     (b)  the records are kept either:

                              (i)  in Australia; or

                             (ii)  in another country if the Regulator gives written approval for the records to be kept in that country, and the conditions (if any) specified in the approval are met; and

                     (c)  the records are kept:

                              (i)  in writing in the English language; or

                             (ii)  in a form in which they are readily accessible and readily convertible into writing in the English language.

             (3)  An approval given under subparagraph (2)(b)(ii) may be given subject to specified conditions.

Notification of address where accounting records are kept

             (4)  A trustee of a registrable superannuation entity must notify APRA, in the approved form, of the address where the accounting records of the RSE licensee and the entity are kept:

                     (a)  if, immediately before the commencement of this subsection, APRA has not already been notified of the current address where the accounting records of the RSE licensee or the entity are kept—within 28 days after that commencement; or

                     (b)  otherwise—within 28 days after the entity is registered under section 29M.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  a trustee of a registrable superannuation entity has notified APRA of the address where the accounting records of the RSE licensee and the entity are kept; and

                     (b)  the entity moves the accounting records to a new address;

a trustee of the entity must notify APRA, in the approved form and within 28 days after the day on which the accounting records are moved to the new address, of the new address where the accounting records are kept.

Offences

             (6)  A trustee commits an offence if the trustee contravenes subsection (1), (2), (4) or (5).

Penalty:  100 penalty units.

             (7)  A trustee commits an offence of strict liability if the trustee contravenes subsection (1), (2), (4) or (5).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

35AB  Auditor requests for documents

             (1)  If the auditor of a registrable superannuation entity requests, in writing, a trustee of the entity to give the auditor a document, each trustee of the entity must ensure that the document is given to the auditor within 14 days of the request being made. An auditor may only request documents that are relevant to the preparation of a report about the operations of the entity or the RSE licensee of the entity.

             (2)  A trustee commits an offence if the trustee contravenes subsection (1).

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years.

             (3)  A trustee commits an offence of strict liability if the trustee contravenes subsection (1).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

35AC  Appointed auditor’s functions and duties

             (1)  This section applies if the RSE licensee law:

                     (a)  requires an auditor of a registrable superannuation entity to be appointed; or

                     (b)  requires or permits a function or duty to be performed, or a power to be exercised, by an auditor.

             (2)  The RSE licensee of the registrable superannuation entity must not appoint a person as an auditor of the entity unless the RSE licensee is reasonably satisfied that the person:

                     (a)  meets the eligibility criteria for auditors of registrable superannuation entities set out in the prudential standards; and

                     (b)  has not been disqualified from being or acting as an auditor of a registrable superannuation entity under section 130D.

             (3)  A person who is appointed as an auditor must perform the functions and duties set out in the RSE licensee law that are relevant to the person’s appointment.

             (4)  The appointed auditor must comply with the RSE licensee law in performing the functions and duties.

             (5)  The trustee of the registrable superannuation entity to whom the RSE licensee law applies must make any arrangements that are necessary to enable the appointed auditor to perform the functions and duties.

             (6)  The RSE licensee of the registrable superannuation entity must end the appointment of a person as an auditor of the entity if the RSE licensee becomes aware that the person:

                     (a)  no longer meets the eligibility criteria for auditors of registrable superannuation entities set out in the prudential standards; or

                     (b)  has been disqualified from being or acting as an auditor of a registrable superannuation entity under section 130D.

35AD  Appointed actuary’s functions and duties

             (1)  This section applies if the RSE licensee law:

                     (a)  requires an actuary of a registrable superannuation entity to be appointed; or

                     (b)  requires or permits a function or duty to be performed, or a power to be exercised, by an actuary.

             (2)  The RSE licensee of a registrable superannuation entity must not appoint a person as an actuary of the entity unless the RSE licensee is reasonably satisfied that the person:

                     (a)  meets the eligibility criteria for actuaries of registrable superannuation entities set out in the prudential standards; and

                     (b)  has not been disqualified from being or acting as an actuary of a registrable superannuation entity under section 130D.

             (3)  A person who is appointed as an actuary must perform the functions and duties set out in the RSE licensee law that are relevant to the person’s appointment.

             (4)  The appointed actuary must comply with the RSE licensee law in performing the functions and duties.

             (5)  The trustee of the registrable superannuation entity to whom the RSE licensee law applies must make any arrangements that are necessary to enable the appointed actuary to perform the functions and duties.

             (6)  The RSE licensee of a registrable superannuation entity must end the appointment of a person as an actuary of the entity if the RSE licensee becomes aware that the person:

                     (a)  no longer meets the eligibility criteria for actuaries of registrable superannuation entities set out in the prudential standards; or

                     (b)  has been disqualified from being or acting as an actuary of a registrable superannuation entity under section 130D.

Division 3Obligations for self managed superannuation funds

35AE  Accounting records

Accounting records must be kept etc.

             (1)  Each trustee of a superannuation entity that is a self managed superannuation fund must ensure that:

                     (a)  accounting records that correctly record and explain the transactions and financial position of the entity are kept; and

                     (b)  the accounting records of the entity are kept in a way that enables the following to be prepared:

                              (i)  the accounts and statements of the entity referred to in section 35B;

                             (ii)  the returns of the entity referred to in section 35D; and

                     (c)  the accounting records of the entity are kept in a way that enables those accounts, statements and returns to be conveniently and properly audited in accordance with this Act.

             (2)  If accounting records of a superannuation entity that is a self managed superannuation fund are kept in accordance with subsection (1), each trustee of the superannuation entity must ensure that:

                     (a)  the records are retained for at least 5 years after the end of the year of income to which the transactions relate; and

                     (b)  the records are kept in Australia; and

                     (c)  the records are kept:

                              (i)  in writing in the English language; or

                             (ii)  in a form in which they are readily accessible and readily convertible into writing in the English language.

Offences

             (3)  A trustee commits an offence if the trustee contravenes subsection (1) or (2).

Penalty:  100 penalty units.

             (4)  A trustee commits an offence of strict liability if the trustee contravenes subsection (1) or (2).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

35B  Accounts and statements

             (1)  Each trustee of a superannuation entity that is a self managed superannuation fund must, in respect of each year of income of the fund, ensure that the following accounts and statements are prepared in respect of the entity:

                     (a)  except where the regulations provide that this paragraph does not apply—a statement of financial position;

                     (b)  except where the regulations provide that this paragraph does not apply—an operating statement;

                     (c)  the accounts and statements specified in the regulations.

             (2)  The regulations may provide for or in relation to the preparation of accounts and statements covered by subsection (1). If the regulations do so, the accounts and statements covered by subsection (1) must be prepared in accordance with the regulations.

             (3)  The accounts and statements prepared in accordance with subsection (1) must be signed as follows:

                     (a)  if there is a single corporate trustee—by:

                              (i)  if there is only one director of the corporate trustee—that director; or

                             (ii)  otherwise—at least 2 directors of the corporate trustee; or

                     (b)  if there is a group of individual trustees—by at least 2 of those trustees.

             (4)  Each trustee must ensure that the accounts and statements prepared in accordance with subsection (1) are retained for a period of 5 years after the end of the year of income to which they relate.

             (5)  A person commits an offence if the person contravenes this section.

Penalty:  100 penalty units.

             (6)  A person commits an offence if the person contravenes this section. This is an offence of strict liability.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

35C  Audit of accounts and statements

             (1)  For each year of income, each trustee of a superannuation entity that is a self managed superannuation fund must ensure that an approved SMSF auditor is appointed to give the trustee or trustees a report, in the approved form, of the operations of the entity for that year. The appointment must be made within whichever of the periods set out in the regulations applies to the entity.

             (2)  If an auditor requests, in writing, a trustee of a superannuation entity that is a self managed superannuation fund to give the auditor a document, each trustee of the entity must ensure that the document is given to the auditor within 14 days of the request being made. Only documents that are relevant to the preparation of the report may be requested.

             (3)  A trustee commits an offence if the trustee contravenes subsection (1) or (2).

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years.

             (4)  A trustee commits an offence if the trustee contravenes subsection (1) or (2). This is an offence of strict liability.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (5)  Without limiting subsection (1), an approved form:

                     (a)  must either:

                              (i)  relate solely to the audit of the accounts and statements referred to in subsection 35B(1) and prepared in respect of a year of income; or

                             (ii)  relate only to the audit of those accounts and statements and of any other accounts and statements, prepared in respect of a year of income, that are identified in the form; and

                     (b)  must include a statement by the auditor as to the extent of the auditor’s compliance with the auditor independence requirements referred to in paragraph 128F(d); and

                     (c)  must include a statement by the auditor as to whether, in the auditor’s opinion, each trustee of the entity has, during the year of income, complied with the provisions of this Act and the regulations that are identified in the form.

             (6)  The auditor must give the report to each trustee of the entity within the prescribed period after the end of the year of income.

             (8)  The auditor commits an offence if the auditor contravenes subsection (6). This is an offence of strict liability.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

35D  Trustee to lodge annual returns

Lodgment

             (1)  Each trustee of a superannuation entity that was a self managed superannuation fund at any time during a year of income must, within the reporting period, or within such longer period as the Commissioner of Taxation allows, ensure that the Commissioner of Taxation is given a return under this section.

Period for lodgment

             (2)  The reporting period is the period that begins at the end of the year of income and whose length is:

                     (a)  prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph; or

                     (b)  if the length of the period is not prescribed—specified, by legislative instrument, by the Commissioner of Taxation.

Form of return

             (3)  The return must:

                     (a)  be in the approved form; and

                     (b)  contain the information required by the form in relation to the fund in respect of that year of income or in relation to another year of income, or both.

Note:          The approved form of return may require a trustee to set out the tax file number of the entity. See subsection 299U(2).

             (4)  A person commits an offence if the person contravenes this section.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (5)  A person commits an offence if the person contravenes this section. This is an offence of strict liability.

Penalty:  25 penalty units.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Part 5Notices about complying fund status

Division 1Objects and interpretation

37  Objects of Part

                   The objects of this Part are:

                     (a)  to provide for a system of notices about complying fund status in relation to a year of income (see Division 2); and

                     (b)  to provide for those notices to be used to determine complying fund status for tax purposes (see Division 3).

38  Meaning of entity

                   In this Part:

entity means a fund, scheme or trust.

Division 2The Regulator may give notices about complying fund status

38A  Meaning of regulatory provision

                   In this Division:

regulatory provision, in relation to a superannuation entity, means:

                     (a)  a provision of this Act or the regulations; or

                    (aa)  a provision of the Financial Sector (Collection of Data) Act 2001; or

                   (ab)  for a superannuation entity that is a self managed superannuation fund—any of the following provisions in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953:

                              (i)  subsections 284‑75(1) and (4) and section 284‑95;

                             (ii)  Division 390; or

                     (b)  any of the following provisions of the Corporations Act 2001 as applying in relation to financial products (within the meaning of Chapter 7 of that Act) that are interests in the superannuation entity:

                              (i)  subsection 1013K(1) or (2);

                             (ii)  subsection 1016A(2) or (3);

                            (iii)  subsection 1017B(1);

                            (iv)  subsection 1017C(2), (3) or (5);

                             (v)  subsection 1017D(1);

                            (vi)  subsection 1017DA(3);

                           (vii)  subsection 1017E(3) or (4);

                          (viii)  subsection 1020E(8) or (9);

                            (ix)  subsection 1021C(1) or (3);

                             (x)  subsection 1021D(1);

                            (xi)  subsection 1021E(1);

                           (xii)  subsection 1021O(1) or (3);

                          (xiii)  section 1041E;

                          (xiv)  subsection 1041F(1);

                           (xv)  subsection 1043A(1) or (2);

                          (xvi)  any other provisions that are specified in regulations made for the purposes of this subparagraph; or

                     (c)  any of the following provisions of the Corporations Act 2001:

                              (i)  subsection 1021NA(1), (2) or (3);

                             (ii)  subsection 1021NB(1), (2) or (3);

                            (iii)  subsection 1021NC(1), (2), (3) or (4).

39  Meaning of contravention

             (1)  For the purposes of this Division, a contravention of a regulatory provision is to be ignored unless the contravention is:

                     (a)  an offence; or

                     (b)  a contravention of a civil penalty provision; or

                     (c)  a contravention of a provision mentioned in paragraph 38A(ab).

          (1A)  In relation to a regulatory provision that states that a person commits an offence if they engage, or fail to engage, in specified conduct, a person is, for the purposes of this Division, taken to contravene the provision if the person engages, or fails to engage, in that conduct.

          (1B)  To avoid doubt, for the purposes of this Division, treat conduct giving rise to an administrative penalty under subsection 284‑75(1) or (4) in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 as a contravention of that subsection.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Division, it is sufficient if a contravention is established on the balance of probabilities.

40  Notices by the Regulator to trustee

Notice about complying fund status

             (1)  The Regulator may give a written notice to a trustee of an entity stating:

                     (a)  whether the entity is or is not a complying superannuation fund; or

                     (b)  whether the entity is or is not a complying approved deposit fund; or

                     (c)  whether the entity is or is not a pooled superannuation trust;

as the case may be, in relation to a year of income specified in the notice.

Reasons

             (2)  If the Regulator gives a notice to a trustee of an entity stating that:

                     (a)  the entity is not a complying superannuation fund; or

                     (b)  the entity is not a complying approved deposit fund; or

                     (c)  the entity is not a pooled superannuation trust;

as the case may be, in relation to a year of income, the notice must set out the reasons why the Regulator so stated.

Commissioner of Taxation to be told about notice

             (3)  When the APRA gives a notice under this section, APRA must give particulars of the notice to the Commissioner of Taxation.

Note:          A statement of the tax file number of the entity may accompany the particulars of the notice. See subsection 299U(3).

Revocation

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the Regulator gives a notice under this section (the original notice) to a trustee of an entity stating that:

                              (i)  the entity is a complying superannuation fund; or

                             (ii)  the entity is a complying approved deposit fund; or

                            (iii)  the entity is a pooled superannuation trust;

                            as the case may be, in relation to a year of income; and

                     (b)  the Regulator subsequently gives a notice under this section (the second notice) to a trustee of the entity stating that:

                              (i)  the entity is not a complying superannuation fund; or

                             (ii)  the entity is not a complying approved deposit fund; or

                            (iii)  the entity is not a pooled superannuation trust;

                            as the case may be, in relation to the year of income;

the second notice is taken to revoke the original notice.

Note:          Because “the Regulator” is whichever of APRA or the Commissioner of Taxation is administering this provision in respect of a fund, a notice could initially be given to a fund by APRA under paragraph 40(4)(a), and later the Commissioner of Taxation could give a notice to the same fund under paragraph 40(4)(b). This is because the fund could have become a self managed superannuation fund after the first notice was given.

41  When the Regulator obliged to give notice of compliance

             (1)  Except as provided by subsection (2), the Regulator is not obliged to give a notice under section 40.

             (2)  The Regulator must give a notice under section 40 to a trustee of an entity stating that the entity is a complying superannuation fund, a complying approved deposit fund or a pooled superannuation trust, as the case may be, in relation to a year of income (the current year of income) if:

                     (a)  the entity is a complying superannuation fund, a complying approved deposit fund or a pooled superannuation trust, as the case requires, in relation to the current year of income; and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  the Regulator has not given a notice to a trustee of the entity under section 40 stating that the entity is a complying superannuation fund, a complying approved deposit fund or a pooled superannuation trust, as the case requires, in relation to a previous year of income; or

                             (ii)  both:

                                        (A)  the Regulator has given a notice to a trustee of the entity under section 40 stating that the entity is not a complying superannuation fund, is not a complying approved deposit fund or is not a pooled superannuation trust, as the case requires, in relation to a previous year of income; and

                                        (B)  the Regulator has not given a notice to a trustee of the entity under section 40 stating that the fund is a complying superannuation fund, a complying approved deposit fund or a pooled superannuation trust, as the case requires, in relation to a year of income that is later than that previous year of income and earlier than the current year of income.

             (3)  Despite section 2, a previous year mentioned in subsection (2) may be a year of income earlier than the 1994‑95 year of income (see section 49). However, despite section 49, for the purposes of the application of subsection (2) to a complying superannuation fund, if the fund was not a regulated superannuation fund at all times during the current year of income when the fund was in existence, paragraph (2)(b) does not apply unless the previous year of income is the 1994‑95 year of income or a later year of income.

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, if a notice under section 40 is revoked, or the decision to give the notice is set aside, the notice is taken never to have been given.

42  Complying superannuation fund

             (1)  An entity is a complying superannuation fund in relation to a year of income for the purposes of this Division if:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  the entity was a resident regulated superannuation fund at all times during the year of income when the entity was in existence; or

                             (ii)  the entity was a resident regulated superannuation fund at all times during the year of income when the entity was in existence other than a time, before it became a resident regulated superannuation fund, when the entity was a resident approved deposit fund; and

                     (b)  either of the following conditions is satisfied:

                              (i)  no trustee of the entity contravened any of the regulatory provisions in relation to the entity in respect of the year of income;

                             (ii)  both:

                                        (A)  a trustee of the entity contravened one or more of the regulatory provisions in relation to the entity in respect of the year of income on one or more occasions; and

                                        (B)  the entity did not fail the culpability test set out in subsection (1A) in relation to any of those contraventions; and

                     (c)  the entity was not a self managed superannuation fund at any time during the year of income.

       (1AA)  An entity is also a complying superannuation fund in relation to the 1994‑95 year of income or a later year of income if:

                     (a)  the entity:

                              (i)  is a superannuation fund that came into existence during the year of income; or

                             (ii)  was a resident approved deposit fund that became a superannuation fund during the year of income; and

                     (b)  the entity complied with subsections 19(2) to (4):

                              (i)  within 60 days after the day on which it came into existence or became a superannuation fund, as the case may be; or

                             (ii)  within such further period, if any, as APRA (whether before or after the end of the period of 60 days) allows; and

                     (c)  either of the following conditions is satisfied:

                              (i)  no trustee of the entity contravened any of the regulatory provisions in relation to the entity in respect of the whole of the period (the pre‑lodgment period) that began when the entity came into existence or became a superannuation fund, as the case may be, and ended when the entity complied with subsections 19(2) to (4);

                             (ii)  a trustee of the entity contravened one or more of the regulatory provisions in relation to the entity in respect of the pre‑lodgment period on one or more occasions but APRA is satisfied that, because of special circumstances that existed in relation to the fund during the pre‑lodgment period, it would be reasonable for the fund to be treated as if it had satisfied the regulatory provisions; and

                     (d)  the entity was a resident regulated superannuation fund at all times during the part of the year of income occurring after the end of the pre‑lodgment period; and

                   (da)  the entity was not a self managed superannuation fund at any time during the year of income; and

                     (e)  either of the conditions stated in paragraph (1)(b) is satisfied in relation to the entity in respect of the part of the year of income occurring after the end of the pre‑lodgment period.

       (1AB)  In determining for the purpose of paragraph (1AA)(c) whether any of the regulatory provisions were contravened in respect of the entity in respect of the pre‑lodgment period, the regulatory provisions are taken to have applied in relation to the entity in respect of that period as if the entity were a resident regulated superannuation fund during that period.

       (1AC)  An entity is also a complying superannuation fund in relation to the 1994‑95 year of income or a later year of income if:

                     (a)  the trustee, or the trustees, of the entity have purported to make an election under subsection 19(4); and

                     (b)  the requirements of subsections 19(2) to (4) (to the extent that they have not already been complied with) are complied with within 28 days after a trustee of the entity finds out (whether by written notice from APRA or otherwise) that they were not complied with, or within such further period, if any, as APRA (whether before or after the end of the period of 28 days) allows; and

                     (c)  except where a trustee of the entity received written notice from APRA about the non‑compliance—a trustee of the entity tells APRA in writing of the compliance within 7 days after the requirements are complied with or within such further period, if any, as APRA (whether before or after the end of the period of 7 days) allows; and

                     (d)  either of the following conditions is satisfied:

                              (i)  no trustee of the entity contravened any of the regulatory provisions in relation to the entity in respect of the whole of the period (the rectification period) that began when the trustee, or the trustees, of the entity lodged the purported election under subsection 19(4) and ended when the entity complied with subsections 19(2) to (4);

                             (ii)  a trustee of the entity contravened one or more of the regulatory provisions in relation to the entity in respect of the rectification period on one or more occasions but APRA is satisfied that, because of special circumstances that existed in relation to the fund during the rectification period, it would be reasonable for the fund to be treated as if it had satisfied the regulatory provisions; and

                     (e)  if the fund was in existence before the beginning of its 1994‑95 year of income—under regulations made for the purposes of section 50, the fund is treated as if it had satisfied the transitional superannuation fund conditions at all times during the period that began at the beginning of the fund’s 1994‑95 year of income and ended when the trustee, or the trustees, of the entity lodged the purported election under subsection 19(4); and

                      (f)  the entity was a resident regulated superannuation fund at all times during the part of the year of income occurring after the end of the rectification period; and

                    (fa)  the entity was not a self managed superannuation fund at any time during the year of income; and

                     (g)  either of the conditions stated in paragraph (1)(b) is satisfied in relation to the entity in respect of the part of the year of income occurring after the end of the rectification period.

       (1AD)  In determining for the purpose of paragraph (1AC)(d) whether any of the regulatory provisions were contravened in respect of the entity in respect of the rectification period, the regulatory provisions are taken to have applied in relation to the entity in respect of that period as if the entity were a resident regulated superannuation fund during that period.

Note:          Subsection 50(2) provides that certain superannuation funds that have been wound up or terminated are taken to have been complying superannuation funds before the winding up or termination.

          (1A)  For the purposes of subparagraph (1)(b)(ii), an entity fails the culpability test in relation to a particular contravention of a regulatory provision if:

                     (a)  both:

                              (i)  all of the members of the entity were in any way directly or indirectly knowingly concerned in, or party to, the contravention; and

                             (ii)  the Regulator, after considering:

                                        (A)  the taxation consequences that would arise if the entity were to be treated as a non‑complying superannuation fund for the purposes of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 in relation to the year of income concerned; and

                                        (B)  the seriousness of the contravention; and

                                        (C)  all other relevant circumstances;

                                   thinks that a notice should be given stating that the entity is not a complying superannuation fund in relation to the year of income concerned; or

                     (b)  all of the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  one or more members of the entity were in any way directly or indirectly knowingly concerned in, or party to, the contravention;

                             (ii)  one or more members of the entity (the innocent members) were not in any way directly or indirectly knowingly concerned in, or party to, the contravention;

                            (iii)  none of the innocent members would suffer any substantial financial detriment if the entity were to be treated as a non‑complying superannuation fund for the purposes of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 in relation to the year of income concerned;

                            (iv)  the Regulator, after considering:

                                        (A)  the taxation consequences that would arise if the entity were to be treated as a non‑complying superannuation fund for the purposes of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 in relation to the year of income concerned; and

                                        (B)  the seriousness of the contravention; and

                                        (C)  all other relevant circumstances;

                                   thinks that a notice should be given stating that the entity is not a complying superannuation fund in relation to the year of income concerned.

Note:          The culpability test is still relevant to a fund that has been a self managed fund during only part of a year of income—see subparagraph 42A(2)(b)(ii), paragraph 42A(3)(g) and subparagraph 42A(4)(f)(ii).

          (1B)  For the purposes of subsection (1A), if there is a question whether a person was in any way directly or indirectly knowingly concerned in, or party to, a particular contravention, that question may be decided on the balance of probabilities.

             (2)  In this section, a reference to a member of an entity means, if the entity is an approved deposit fund, a beneficiary of the fund.

             (3)  If a person or body is specified in the regulations for the purposes of subsection 19(4), a reference to APRA in subparagraph (1AA)(b)(ii) or (c)(ii) or subsection (1AC) of this section is taken to be a reference to that person or body.

42A  Complying superannuation fund—fund that has been a self managed superannuation fund at any time during a year

Entity that was a self managed superannuation fund throughout a year of income

             (1)  An entity that was a self managed superannuation fund at all times during a year of income is a complying superannuation fund in relation to that year of income for the purposes of this Division if:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  the entity was a resident regulated superannuation fund at all times during the year of income when the entity was in existence; or

                             (ii)  the entity was a resident regulated superannuation fund at all times during the year of income when the entity was in existence other than a time, before it became a resident regulated superannuation fund, when the entity was a resident approved deposit fund; and

                     (b)  the entity passes the test in subsection (5) in relation to the year of income.

Entity that was a self managed superannuation fund during only part of a year of income

             (2)  An entity that was a self managed superannuation fund during a part or parts of a year of income is a complying superannuation fund in relation to that year of income for the purposes of this Division if:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  the entity was a resident regulated superannuation fund at all times during the year of income when the entity was in existence; or

                             (ii)  the entity was a resident regulated superannuation fund at all times during the year of income when the entity was in existence other than a time, before it became a resident regulated superannuation fund, when the entity was a resident approved deposit fund; and

                     (b)  both:

                              (i)  the entity passes the test in subsection (5) in respect of the part or parts of the year of income during which the entity was a self managed superannuation fund; and

                             (ii)  if a trustee of the entity contravened one or more of the regulatory provisions in relation to the entity in respect of any other part or parts of the year of income—the entity did not fail the culpability test set out in subsection 42(1A) in relation to any of those contraventions.

Funds coming into existence during year of income etc.

             (3)  An entity that:

                     (a)  is a superannuation fund that came into existence during the year of income and at that time or later in the year of income became a self managed superannuation fund; or

                     (b)  was a resident approved deposit fund that became a superannuation fund during the year of income;

is also a complying superannuation fund in relation to the year of income if:

                     (c)  the entity complied with subsections 19(2) to (4):

                              (i)  within 60 days after the day on which it came into existence or became a superannuation fund, as the case may be; or

                             (ii)  within such further period, if any, as APRA (whether before or after the end of the period of 60 days) allows; and

                     (d)  either of the following conditions is satisfied:

                              (i)  no trustee of the entity contravened any of the regulatory provisions in relation to the entity during the whole of the period (the pre‑lodgment period) that began when the entity came into existence or became a superannuation fund, as the case may be, and ended when the entity complied with subsections 19(2) to (4);

                             (ii)  a trustee of the entity contravened one or more of the regulatory provisions in relation to the entity during the pre‑lodgment period on one or more occasions but APRA is satisfied that, because of special circumstances that existed in relation to the fund during the pre‑lodgment period, it would be reasonable for the fund to be treated as if it had satisfied the regulatory provisions; and

                     (e)  the entity was a resident regulated superannuation fund at all times during the part of the year of income occurring after the pre‑lodgment period; and

after the pre‑lodgment period:

                      (f)  the entity passed the test in subsection (5) in respect of the part or parts of the year of income, occurring after the pre‑lodgment period, during which the entity was a self managed superannuation fund; and

                     (g)  if a trustee of the entity contravened one or more of the regulatory provisions in relation to the entity in respect of any part or parts of the year of income, occurring after the pre‑lodgment period, during which the entity was not a self managed superannuation fund—the entity did not fail the culpability test set out in subsection 42(1A) in relation to any of those contraventions.

Trustee makes an election

             (4)  An entity that was a self managed superannuation fund at some time, or at all times, during a year of income is also a complying superannuation fund in relation to the year of income if:

                     (a)  the trustee, or the trustees, of the entity have purported to make an election under subsection 19(4); and

                     (b)  if, when the election was made, the requirements of subsections 19(2) to (4) are not complied with:

                              (i)  the requirements of subsections 19(2) to (4) (to the extent that they have not already been complied with) are complied with within 28 days after a trustee of the entity finds out (whether by written notice from APRA or otherwise) that they were not complied with, or within such further period, if any, as APRA (whether before or after the end of the period of 28 days) allows; and

                             (ii)  except where a trustee of the entity received written notice from APRA about the non‑compliance—a trustee of the entity tells APRA in writing of the compliance within 7 days after the requirements are complied with or within such further period, if any, as APRA (whether before or after the end of the period of 7 days) allows; and

                     (c)  either of the following conditions is satisfied:

                              (i)  no trustee of the entity contravened any of the regulatory provisions in relation to the entity during the whole of the period (the rectification period) that began when the trustee, or the trustees, of the entity lodged the purported election under subsection 19(4) and ended when the entity complied with subsections 19(2) to (4);

                             (ii)  a trustee of the entity contravened one or more of the regulatory provisions in relation to the entity during the rectification period on one or more occasions but APRA is satisfied that, because of special circumstances that existed in relation to the fund during the rectification period, it would be reasonable for the fund to be treated as if it had satisfied the regulatory provisions; and

                     (d)  if the fund was in existence before the beginning of its 1994‑95 year of income—under regulations made for the purposes of section 50, the fund is treated as if it had satisfied the transitional superannuation fund conditions at all times during the period that began at the beginning of the fund’s 1994‑95 year of income and ended when the trustee, or the trustees, of the entity lodged the purported election under subsection 19(4); and

                     (e)  the entity was a resident regulated superannuation fund at all times during the part of the year of income occurring after the end of the rectification period; and

                      (f)  in respect of the part of the year of income occurring after the end of the rectification period, both:

                              (i)  the entity passed the test in subsection (5) in respect of the part or parts of the year of income occurring after the end of the rectification period, during which the entity was a self managed superannuation fund; and

                             (ii)  if a trustee of the entity contravened one or more of the regulatory provisions in relation to the entity in respect of any other part or parts of the year of income occurring after the end of the rectification period, during which the entity was not a self managed superannuation fund—the entity did not fail the culpability test set out in subsection 42(1A) in relation to any of those contraventions.

Circumstances in which entity passes the test in this subsection

             (5)  An entity passes the test in this subsection in relation to a year of income or part of a year of income if:

                     (a)  no trustee of the entity contravened any of the regulatory provisions in relation to the entity during the year of income or the part of the year of income; or

                     (b)  if a trustee of the entity contravened one or more of the regulatory provisions in relation to the entity during the year of income or the part of the year of income, the Regulator, after considering:

                              (i)  the taxation consequences that would arise if the entity were to be treated as a non‑complying superannuation fund for the purposes of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 in relation to the year of income concerned; and

                             (ii)  the seriousness of the contravention or contraventions; and

                            (iii)  all other relevant circumstances;

                            thinks that a notice should nevertheless be given stating that the entity is a complying superannuation fund in relation to the year of income concerned.

Determining whether contravention

             (6)  In determining for the purposes of this section whether any of the regulatory provisions were contravened in respect of the entity in respect of the pre‑lodgment period or the rectification period, the regulatory provisions are taken to have applied in relation to the entity in respect of that period as if the entity were a resident regulated superannuation fund during that period.

References to APRA

             (7)  If a person or body is specified in the regulations for the purposes of subsection 19(4), a reference to APRA in subparagraph (3)(c)(ii), (3)(d)(ii), or subsection (4) is taken to be a reference to that person or body.

43  Complying approved deposit fund

                   An entity is a complying approved deposit fund in relation to a year of income for the purposes of this Division if:

                     (a)  at all times during the year of income when the entity was in existence, the entity was a resident approved deposit fund; and

                     (b)  any of the following conditions is satisfied:

                              (i)  the trustee did not contravene any of the regulatory provisions in relation to the entity in respect of the year of income;

                             (ii)  both:

                                        (A)  the trustee contravened one or more of the regulatory provisions in relation to the entity in respect of the year of income on one or more occasions; and

                                        (B)  each contravention was rectified within a period of 30 days after the trustee became aware of the contravention or within such further period as APRA allows;

                            (iii)  both:

                                        (A)  the trustee contravened one or more of the regulatory provisions in relation to the entity in respect of the year of income on one or more occasions; and

                                        (B)  APRA is satisfied that the seriousness or frequency, or both, of the contraventions does not warrant the giving of a notice stating that the entity is not a complying approved deposit fund in relation to the year of income;

                            (iv)  APRA, after considering all relevant circumstances, thinks that a notice should be given stating that the entity is a complying approved deposit fund in relation to the year of income.

44  Pooled superannuation trust

                   An entity is a pooled superannuation trust in relation to a year of income for the purposes of this Division if:

                     (a)  at all times during the year of income when the entity was in existence, the entity was a pooled superannuation trust; and

                     (b)  any of the following conditions is satisfied:

                              (i)  the trustee did not contravene any of the regulatory provisions in relation to the entity in respect of the year of income;

                             (ii)  both:

                                        (A)  the trustee contravened one or more of the regulatory provisions in relation to the entity in respect of the year of income on one or more occasions; and

                                        (B)  each contravention was rectified within a period of 30 days after the trustee became aware of the contravention or such further period as APRA allows;

                            (iii)  both:

                                        (A)  the trustee contravened one or more of the regulatory provisions in relation to the entity in respect of the year of income on one or more occasions; and

                                        (B)  APRA is satisfied that the seriousness or frequency, or both, of the contraventions does not warrant the giving of a notice stating that the entity is not a pooled superannuation trust in relation to the year of income;

                            (iv)  APRA, after considering all relevant circumstances, thinks that a notice should be given stating that the entity is a pooled superannuation trust in relation to the year of income.

Division 3Complying fund status for tax purposes

45  Complying superannuation fund

             (1)  A fund is a complying superannuation fund for the purposes of the Income Tax Assessment Act in relation to a year of income (the current year of income) if, and only if:

                     (a)  the Regulator has given a notice to a trustee of the fund under section 40 stating that the fund is a complying superannuation fund in relation to the current year of income; or

                     (b)  the Regulator has given a notice to a trustee of the fund under section 40 stating that the fund is a complying superannuation fund in relation to a previous year of income and has not given a notice to a trustee of the fund under that section stating that the fund was not a complying superannuation fund in relation to:

                              (i)  the current year of income; or

                             (ii)  a year of income that is:

                                        (A)  later than that previous year of income; and

                                        (B)  earlier than the current year of income.

             (2)  Despite section 2, the previous year mentioned in paragraph (1)(b) may be a year of income earlier than the 1994‑95 year of income (see section 49). However, despite section 49, if the fund was not a regulated superannuation fund at all times during the current year of income when the fund was in existence, paragraph (1)(b) does not apply unless the previous year of income is the 1994‑95 year of income or a later year of income.

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, if a notice under section 40 is revoked, or the decision to give the notice is set aside, the notice is taken never to have been given.

             (4)  Section 170 of the Income Tax Assessment Act does not prevent the amendment of an assessment at any time for the purposes of giving effect to subsection (3).

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, if a notice under section 40 is given in relation to a fund in relation to a year of income, the notice is taken to have been given at the beginning of the year of income.

             (6)  Despite subsection (1), if, at all times during a year of income when a fund was in existence, the fund was, or was part of, an exempt public sector superannuation scheme, the fund is a complying superannuation fund in relation to the year of income for the purposes of the Income Tax Assessment Act.

46  Complying superannuation scheme—superannuation guarantee charge

                   An exempt public sector superannuation scheme is taken to be a complying superannuation scheme for the purposes of the Superannuation Guarantee (Administration) Act 1992.

47  Complying approved deposit fund

             (1)  A fund is a complying approved deposit fund for the purposes of the Income Tax Assessment Act in relation to a year of income (the current year of income) if, and only if:

                     (a)  APRA has given a notice to the trustee under section 40 stating that the fund is a complying approved deposit fund in relation to the current year of income; or

                     (b)  APRA has given a notice to the trustee under section 40 stating that the fund is a complying approved deposit fund in relation to a previous year of income and has not given a notice to the trustee under that section stating that the fund was not a complying approved deposit fund in relation to:

                              (i)  the current year of income; or

                             (ii)  a year of income that is:

                                        (A)  later than that previous year of income; and

                                        (B)  earlier than the current year of income.

             (2)  Despite section 2, the previous year mentioned in paragraph (1)(b) may be a year of income earlier than the 1994‑95 year of income (see section 49).

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, if a notice under section 40 is revoked, or the decision to give the notice is set aside, the notice is taken never to have been given.

             (4)  Section 170 of the Income Tax Assessment Act does not prevent the amendment of an assessment at any time for the purposes of giving effect to subsection (3).

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, if a notice under section 40 is given in relation to a fund in relation to a year of income, the notice is taken to have been given at the beginning of the year of income.

48  Pooled superannuation trust

             (1)  A unit trust is a pooled superannuation trust for the purposes of the Income Tax Assessment Act in relation to a year of income (the current year of income) if, and only if:

                     (a)  APRA has given a notice to the trustee under section 40 stating that the trust is a pooled superannuation trust in relation to the current year of income; or

                     (b)  APRA has given a notice to the trustee under section 40 stating that the trust is a pooled superannuation trust in relation to a previous year of income and has not given a notice to the trustee under that section stating that the trust was not a pooled superannuation trust in relation to:

                              (i)  the current year of income; or

                             (ii)  a year of income that is:

                                        (A)  later than that previous year of income; and

                                        (B)  earlier than the current year of income.

             (2)  Despite section 2, the previous year mentioned in paragraph (1)(b) may be a year of income earlier than the 1994‑95 year of income (see section 49).

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, if a notice under section 40 is revoked, or the decision to give the notice is set aside, the notice is taken never to have been given.

             (4)  Section 170 of the Income Tax Assessment Act does not prevent the amendment of an assessment at any time for the purposes of giving effect to subsection (3).

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, if a notice under section 40 is given in relation to a trust in relation to a year of income, the notice is taken to have been given at the beginning of the year of income.

49  Transitional—notices under the repealed provisions of the Occupational Superannuation Standards Act 1987

Superannuation funds—positive

             (1)  For the purposes of paragraph 41(2)(b) and this Division, if:

                     (a)  a notice under repealed section 12 or 13 of the Occupational Superannuation Standards Act 1987 stated that the Commissioner is satisfied that:

                              (i)  a fund satisfied the superannuation fund conditions in relation to a year of income; or

                             (ii)  a fund should be treated as if it had satisfied the superannuation fund conditions in relation to a year of income; and

                     (b)  the year of income is the 1993‑94 year of income or an earlier year of income;

the notice has effect as if it were a notice under section 40 stating that the fund is a complying superannuation fund in relation to the year of income.

ADFs—positive

             (2)  For the purposes of paragraph 41(2)(b) and this Division, if:

                     (a)  a notice under repealed section 14 or 15 of the Occupational Superannuation Standards Act 1987 stated that the Commissioner is satisfied that:

                              (i)  a fund satisfied the approved deposit fund conditions in relation to a year of income; or

                             (ii)  a fund should be treated as if it had satisfied the approved deposit fund conditions in relation to a year of income; and

                     (b)  the year of income is the 1993‑94 year of income or an earlier year of income;

the notice has effect as if it were a notice under section 40 stating that the fund is a complying approved deposit fund in relation to the year of income.

PSTs—positive

             (3)  For the purposes of paragraph 41(2)(b) and this Division, if:

                     (a)  a notice under repealed section 15B or 15C of the Occupational Superannuation Standards Act 1987 stated that the Commissioner is satisfied that:

                              (i)  a trust satisfied the pooled superannuation trust conditions in relation to a year of income; or

                             (ii)  a trust should be treated as if it had satisfied the pooled superannuation trust conditions in relation to a year of income; and

                     (b)  the year of income is the 1993‑94 year of income or an earlier year of income;

the notice has effect as if it were a notice under section 40 stating that the trust is a pooled superannuation trust in relation to the year of income.

Superannuation funds—negative

             (4)  For the purposes of paragraph 41(2)(b) and this Division, if:

                     (a)  a notice under the repealed section 12 or 13 of the Occupational Superannuation Standards Act 1987 stated that the Commissioner is not satisfied that a fund satisfied the superannuation fund conditions in relation to a year of income; and

                     (b)  the year of income is the 1993‑94 year of income or an earlier year of income;

the notice has effect as if it were a notice under section 40 stating that the fund is not a complying superannuation fund in relation to the year of income.

ADFs—negative

             (5)  For the purposes of paragraph 41(2)(b) and this Division, if:

                     (a)  a notice under the repealed section 14 or 15 of the Occupational Superannuation Standards Act 1987 stated that the Commissioner is not satisfied that a fund satisfied the approved deposit fund conditions in relation to a year of income; and

                     (b)  the year of income is the 1993‑94 year of income or an earlier year of income;

the notice has effect as if it were a notice under section 40 stating that the fund is not a complying approved deposit fund in relation to the year of income.

PSTs—negative

             (6)  For the purposes of paragraph 41(2)(b) and this Division, if:

                     (a)  a notice under the repealed section 15B or 15C of the Occupational Superannuation Standards Act 1987 stated that the Commissioner is not satisfied that a trust satisfied the pooled superannuation trust conditions in relation to a year of income; and

                     (b)  the year of income is the 1993‑94 year of income or an earlier year of income;

the notice has effect as if it were a notice under section 40 stating that the trust is not a pooled superannuation trust in relation to the year of income.

OSSA—continued operation

             (7)  A reference in this section to a provision of the Occupational Superannuation Standards Act 1987 includes a reference to that provision as it continues to apply, despite its repeal, because of the Occupational Superannuation Standards Amendment Act 1993.

50  Transitional—late lodgment of elections by trustees of superannuation funds

28 days late

             (1)  For the purposes of subsection 41(3), paragraph 42(1)(a) and subsection 45(2), if:

                     (a)  on a particular day (the lodgment day), the trustee, or the trustees, of a superannuation fund have lodged or lodge an election under section 19; and

                     (b)  the lodgment day was or is after 28 July 1994; and

                     (c)  the Regulator is satisfied that this subsection should apply in relation to the fund; and

                     (d)  the trustee, or the trustees, of the fund have complied with such requirements relating to notifying members of the fund about:

                              (i)  the delay in lodging the election; and

                             (ii)  the reasons for the delay;

                            as are set out in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph; and

                     (e)  under the regulations, the fund is treated as if it had satisfied the transitional superannuation fund conditions at all times during the period (the pre‑lodgment period):

                              (i)  beginning at the beginning of the fund’s 1994‑95 year of income; and

                             (ii)  ending at the end of the lodgment day;

the fund is taken to be a regulated superannuation fund at all times during the pre‑lodgment period.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Part, if:

                     (a)  a superannuation fund is wound up or terminated; and

                     (b)  the winding up or termination is completed on a particular day (the termination day); and

                     (c)  the termination day is before a day named by the Regulator in a written notice given to a trustee of the fund for the purposes of this paragraph; and

                     (d)  the trustee, or the trustees, of the fund told the Regulator in writing before the commencement of this subsection that they:

                              (i)  did not intend to lodge an election under section 19 in respect of the fund; and

                             (ii)  intended to take advantage of the subsection (4A) that, immediately before 1 July 1996, was taken to be inserted in this section by a declaration made under subsection 333(1); and

                     (e)  the trustee, or the trustees, have complied with such requirements relating to notifying members and prospective members of the fund that:

                              (i)  the fund would be wound up or terminated; and

                             (ii)  the trustee, or trustees, of the fund intended to take advantage of the subsection (4A) mentioned in subparagraph (d)(ii);

                            as were set out in regulations made for the purposes of that subsection (4A); and

                      (f)  as soon as practicable after the termination day, a trustee of the fund tells the Regulator in writing that the winding up or termination of the fund had been completed; and

                     (g)  under the regulations, the fund is treated as if it had satisfied the transitional superannuation fund conditions at all times during the period (the pre‑termination period):

                              (i)  beginning at the beginning of the fund’s 1994‑95 year of income; and

                             (ii)  ending at the end of the termination day;

the fund is taken to have been a complying superannuation fund at all times during the pre‑termination period.

Regulations may apply OSS system

             (5)  Regulations made for the purposes of paragraph (1)(e) or (2)(g) may:

                     (a)  confer functions or powers on the Regulator; and

                     (b)  make provision for or in relation to a matter by applying, adopting or incorporating, with such modifications as are prescribed, the provisions, or the repealed provisions, of:

                              (i)  the Occupational Superannuation Standards Act 1987; or

                             (ii)  regulations made for the purposes of section 7 of that Act;

                            (including those provisions as they continue to apply, despite their repeal, because of the Occupational Superannuation Standards Amendment Act 1993).

Section 14 of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003

             (6)  Subsection (5) of this section does not limit the application of section 14 of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003 to regulations made for the purposes of this section.

Part 6Provisions relating to governing rules of superannuation entities

  

51  Object of Part

                   The object of this Part is to set out rules about the content of the governing rules of superannuation entities.

51A  Covenants are cumulative

                   To avoid doubt, each covenant referred to in sections 52 to 53 or prescribed under section 54A, and each obligation referred to in sections 29VN and 29VO, that applies to a trustee of a superannuation entity, or a director of a corporate trustee of a superannuation entity, applies in addition to every other covenant or obligation referred to in those sections that applies to the trustee or director.

52  Covenants to be included in governing rules—registrable superannuation entities

Governing rules taken to contain covenants

             (1)  If the governing rules of a registrable superannuation entity do not contain covenants to the effect of the covenants set out in this section, those governing rules are taken to contain covenants to that effect.

General covenants

             (2)  The covenants referred to in subsection (1) include the following covenants by each trustee of the entity:

                     (a)  to act honestly in all matters concerning the entity;

                     (b)  to exercise, in relation to all matters affecting the entity, the same degree of care, skill and diligence as a prudent superannuation trustee would exercise in relation to an entity of which it is trustee and on behalf of the beneficiaries of which it makes investments;

                     (c)  to perform the trustee’s duties and exercise the trustee’s powers in the best interests of the beneficiaries;

                     (d)  where there is a conflict between the duties of the trustee to the beneficiaries, or the interests of the beneficiaries, and the duties of the trustee to any other person or the interests of the trustee or an associate of the trustee:

                              (i)  to give priority to the duties to and interests of the beneficiaries over the duties to and interests of other persons; and

                             (ii)  to ensure that the duties to the beneficiaries are met despite the conflict; and

                            (iii)  to ensure that the interests of the beneficiaries are not adversely affected by the conflict; and

                            (iv)  to comply with the prudential standards in relation to conflicts;

                     (e)  to act fairly in dealing with classes of beneficiaries within the entity;

                      (f)  to act fairly in dealing with beneficiaries within a class;

                     (g)  to keep the money and other assets of the entity separate from any money and assets, respectively:

                              (i)  that are held by the trustee personally; or

                             (ii)  that are money or assets, as the case may be, of a standard employer‑sponsor, or an associate of a standard employer‑sponsor, of the entity;

                     (h)  not to enter into any contract, or do anything else, that would prevent the trustee from, or hinder the trustee in, properly performing or exercising the trustee’s functions and powers;

                      (i)  if there are any reserves of the entity—to formulate, review regularly and give effect to a strategy for their prudential management, consistent with the entity’s investment strategies and its capacity to discharge its liabilities (whether actual or contingent) as and when they fall due;

                      (j)  to allow a beneficiary of the entity access to any prescribed information or any prescribed documents.

Superannuation trustee

             (3)  In paragraph (2)(b), a superannuation trustee is a person whose profession, business or employment is or includes acting as a trustee of a superannuation entity and investing money on behalf of beneficiaries of the superannuation entity.

Obligations to beneficiaries override obligations under certain other Acts

             (4)  The obligations of the trustee under paragraph (2)(d) override any conflicting obligations an executive officer or employee of the trustee has under:

                     (a)  Part 2D.1 of the Corporations Act 2001; or

                     (b)  Division 4 of Part 3 of the Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act 1997.

Trustee not prevented from engaging or authorising persons to act on trustee’s behalf

             (5)  A covenant referred to in paragraph (2)(h) does not prevent the trustee from engaging or authorising persons to do acts or things on behalf of the trustee.

Investment covenants

             (6)  The covenants referred to in subsection (1) include the following covenants by each trustee of the entity:

                     (a)  to formulate, review regularly and give effect to an investment strategy for the whole of the entity, and for each investment option offered by the trustee in the entity, having regard to:

                              (i)  the risk involved in making, holding and realising, and the likely return from, the investments covered by the strategy, having regard to the trustee’s objectives in relation to the strategy and to the expected cash flow requirements in relation to the entity; and

                             (ii)  the composition of the investments covered by the strategy, including the extent to which the investments are diverse or involve the entity in being exposed to risks from inadequate diversification; and

                            (iii)  the liquidity of the investments covered by the strategy, having regard to the expected cash flow requirements in relation to the entity; and

                            (iv)  whether reliable valuation information is available in relation to the investments covered by the strategy; and

                             (v)  the ability of the entity to discharge its existing and prospective liabilities; and

                            (vi)  the expected tax consequences for the entity in relation to the investments covered by the strategy; and

                           (vii)  the costs that might be incurred by the entity in relation to the investments covered by the strategy; and

                          (viii)  any other relevant matters;

                     (b)  to exercise due diligence in developing, offering and reviewing regularly each investment option;

                     (c)  to ensure the investment options offered to each beneficiary allow adequate diversification.

Insurance covenants

             (7)  The covenants referred to in subsection (1) include the following covenants by each trustee of the entity:

                     (a)  to formulate, review regularly and give effect to an insurance strategy for the benefit of beneficiaries of the entity that includes provisions addressing each of the following matters:

                              (i)  the kinds of insurance that are to be offered to, or acquired for the benefit of, beneficiaries;

                             (ii)  the level, or levels, of insurance cover to be offered to, or acquired for the benefit of, beneficiaries;

                            (iii)  the basis for the decision to offer or acquire insurance of those kinds, with cover at that level or levels, having regard to the demographic composition of the beneficiaries of the entity;

                            (iv)  the method by which the insurer is, or the insurers are, to be determined;

                     (b)  to consider the cost to all beneficiaries of offering or acquiring insurance of a particular kind, or at a particular level;

                     (c)  to only offer or acquire insurance of a particular kind, or at a particular level, if the cost of the insurance does not inappropriately erode the retirement income of beneficiaries;

                     (d)  to do everything that is reasonable to pursue an insurance claim for the benefit of a beneficiary, if the claim has a reasonable prospect of success.

Covenants relating to risk

             (8)  The covenants referred to in subsection (1) include the following covenants by each trustee of the entity:

                     (a)  to formulate, review regularly and give effect to a risk management strategy that relates to:

                              (i)  the activities, or proposed activities, of the trustee, to the extent that they are relevant to the exercise of the trustee’s powers, or the performance of the trustee’s duties and functions, as trustee of the entity; and

                             (ii)  the risks that arise in operating the entity;

                     (b)  to maintain and manage in accordance with the prudential standards financial resources (whether capital of the trustee, a reserve of the entity or both) to cover the operational risk that relates to the entity.

52A  Covenants relating to directors to be included in governing rules—registrable superannuation entities

Governing rules taken to contain covenants

             (1)  If the governing rules of a registrable superannuation entity of which a trustee is a body corporate do not contain covenants to the effect of the covenants set out in subsection (2), those governing rules are taken to contain covenants to that effect.

The covenants

             (2)  The covenants referred to in subsection (1) are the following covenants by each director of a corporate trustee of the entity:

                     (a)  to act honestly in all matters concerning the entity;

                     (b)  to exercise, in relation to all matters affecting the entity, the same degree of care, skill and diligence as a prudent superannuation entity director would exercise in relation to an entity where he or she is a director of the trustee of the entity and that trustee makes investments on behalf of the entity’s beneficiaries;

                     (c)  to perform the director’s duties and exercise the director’s powers as director of the corporate trustee in the best interests of the beneficiaries;

                     (d)  where there is a conflict between the duties of the director to the beneficiaries, or the interests of the beneficiaries, and the duties of the director to any other person or the interests of the director, the corporate trustee or an associate of the director or corporate trustee:

                              (i)  to give priority to the duties to and interests of the beneficiaries over the duties to and interests of other persons; and

                             (ii)  to ensure that the duties to the beneficiaries are met despite the conflict; and

                            (iii)  to ensure that the interests of the beneficiaries are not adversely affected by the conflict; and

                            (iv)  to comply with the prudential standards in relation to conflicts;

                     (e)  not to enter into any contract, or do anything else, that would:

                              (i)  prevent the director from, or hinder the director in, properly performing or exercising the director’s functions and powers as director of the corporate trustee; or

                             (ii)  prevent the corporate trustee from, or hinder the corporate trustee in, properly performing or exercising the corporate trustee’s functions and powers as trustee of the entity;

                      (f)  to exercise a reasonable degree of care and diligence for the purposes of ensuring that the corporate trustee carries out the covenants referred to in section 52.

Obligations to beneficiaries override obligations under certain other Acts

             (3)  The obligations of the director under paragraph (2)(d) override any conflicting obligations the director has under:

                     (a)  Part 2D.1 of the Corporations Act 2001; or

                     (b)  Division 4 of Part 3 of the Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act 1997.

Director not prevented from engaging or authorising persons to act on behalf of the trustee

             (4)  A covenant referred to in paragraph (2)(e) does not prevent the director from engaging or authorising persons to do acts or things on behalf of the trustee.

Using reasonable care and diligence to ensure compliance by corporate trustee

             (5)  The reference in paragraph (2)(f) to a reasonable degree of care and diligence is a reference to the degree of care and diligence that a superannuation entity director would exercise in the circumstances of the corporate trustee.

Covenants operate as if director party to the governing rules

             (6)  A covenant referred to in subsection (2) operates as if the director were a party to the governing rules.

52B  Covenants to be included in governing rules—self managed superannuation funds

Governing rules taken to contain covenants

             (1)  If the governing rules of a self managed superannuation fund do not contain covenants to the effect of the covenants set out in this section, those governing rules are taken to contain covenants to that effect.

The covenants

             (2)  The covenants referred to in subsection (1) are the following covenants by each trustee of the fund:

                     (a)  to act honestly in all matters concerning the fund;

                     (b)  to exercise, in relation to all matters affecting the fund, the same degree of care, skill and diligence as an ordinary prudent person would exercise in dealing with property of another for whom the person felt morally bound to provide;

                     (c)  to perform the trustee’s duties and exercise the trustee’s powers in the best interests of the beneficiaries;

                     (d)  to keep the money and other assets of the fund separate from any money and assets, respectively:

                              (i)  that are held by the trustee personally; or

                             (ii)  that are money or assets, as the case may be, of a standard employer‑sponsor, or an associate of a standard employer‑sponsor, of the fund;

                     (e)  not to enter into any contract, or do anything else, that would prevent the trustee from, or hinder the trustee in, properly performing or exercising the trustee’s functions and powers;

                      (f)  to formulate, review regularly and give effect to an investment strategy that has regard to the whole of the circumstances of the fund including, but not limited to, the following:

                              (i)  the risk involved in making, holding and realising, and the likely return from, the fund’s investments, having regard to its objectives and its expected cash flow requirements;

                             (ii)  the composition of the fund’s investments as a whole including the extent to which the investments are diverse or involve the fund in being exposed to risks from inadequate diversification;

                            (iii)  the liquidity of the fund’s investments, having regard to its expected cash flow requirements;

                            (iv)  the ability of the fund to discharge its existing and prospective liabilities;

                     (g)  if there are any reserves of the fund—to formulate, review regularly and give effect to a strategy for their prudential management, consistent with the fund’s investment strategy and its capacity to discharge its liabilities (whether actual or contingent) as and when they fall due;

                     (h)  to allow a beneficiary of the fund access to any prescribed information or any prescribed documents.

Trustee not prevented from engaging or authorising persons to act on trustee’s behalf

             (3)  A covenant referred to in paragraph (2)(e) does not prevent the trustee from engaging or authorising persons to do acts or things on behalf of the trustee.

Covenant referred to in paragraph (2)(f)

             (4)  An investment strategy is taken to be in accordance with paragraph (2)(f) even if it provides for a specified beneficiary or a specified class of beneficiaries to give directions to the trustee, where:

                     (a)  the directions relate to the strategy to be followed by the trustee in relation to the investment of a particular asset or assets of the fund; and

                     (b)  the directions are given in circumstances prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

52C  Covenant relating to directors to be included in governing rules—self managed superannuation funds

Governing rules taken to contain covenant

             (1)  If the governing rules of a self managed superannuation fund of which a trustee is a body corporate do not contain a covenant to the effect of the covenant set out in subsection (2), those governing rules are taken to contain a covenant to that effect.

The covenant

             (2)  The covenant referred to in subsection (1) is a covenant by each director of a corporate trustee of the fund to exercise a reasonable degree of care and diligence for the purposes of ensuring that the corporate trustee carries out the covenants referred to in section 52B.

Reasonable degree of care and diligence

             (3)  The reference in subsection (2) to a reasonable degree of care and diligence is a reference to the degree of care and diligence that a reasonable person in the position of director of the corporate trustee would exercise in the corporate trustee’s circumstances.

Covenant operates as if director party to the governing rules

             (4)  The covenant referred to in subsection (2) operates as if the director were a party to the governing rules.

53  Covenants to repay amounts to beneficiaries in approved deposit funds

Governing rules to contain 2 covenants

             (1)  If the governing rules of an approved deposit fund (other than an excluded approved deposit fund) do not contain covenants to the effect of those set out in subsection (2), they are taken to contain covenants to that effect.

Content of the covenants

             (2)  The covenants are:

                     (a)  that, if:

                              (i)  a beneficiary, by written notice given to the trustee, requests the trustee to pay to the beneficiary an amount equal to the beneficiary’s interest in the fund; and

                             (ii)  compliance by the trustee with the request would not be inconsistent with the standards applicable to the fund under section 32;

                            the trustee will pay that amount within a period (not being more than 12 months) determined by the trustee; and

                     (b)  that each director of the trustee will ensure that the trustee gives effect to the covenant in paragraph (a).

Legal personal representatives of beneficiaries

          (2A)  A reference in subsection (2) to a beneficiary includes a reference to the legal personal representative of a beneficiary.

Note:          Section 15 sets out additional rules relating to the interpretation of subsection (2).

Directors taken to be parties to governing rules

             (3)  The covenant in paragraph (2)(b) has effect as if each director were a party to the governing rules.

Period for payments to beneficiaries

             (4)  The trustee is to determine the period within which amounts are to be paid to beneficiaries under the covenant referred to in paragraph (2)(a).

Variation of payment period

             (5)  When the trustee has determined the period under subsection (4), the trustee may make a further determination varying that period if, and only if:

                     (a)  ASIC has consented in writing to the variation; or

                     (b)  the requirements of section 54 have been complied with.

54  Prerequisites to variation of repayment period

             (1)  The requirements referred to in paragraph 53(5)(b) are as follows:

                     (a)  the question whether the variation should be made has been voted on at a meeting of the beneficiaries;

                     (b)  the trustee convened the meeting by sending by post, to the last‑known address of each of the beneficiaries, at least 21 days before the meeting, a notice that set out:

                              (i)  the date, time and place of the meeting; and

                             (ii)  the reason for convening the meeting;

                     (c)  the beneficiaries who, at the meeting, vote (whether in person or by proxy) on the question hold interests equal in value to at least the prescribed percentage of the total value of all the interests in the fund;

                     (d)  the prescribed percentage of the beneficiaries who voted on the question cast their votes in favour of making the variation.

             (2)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(c), the value of an interest is the price at which the trustee would have to make a payment in respect of the interest if the trustee were required to do so, under the covenant referred to in section 53, on the day immediately before the day when the meeting is held.

54A  Regulations may prescribe other covenants

             (1)  The regulations may prescribe a covenant to be included in the governing rules of a superannuation entity and, if the governing rules of such a superannuation entity do not contain a covenant to the effect of the prescribed covenant, those rules are taken to contain a covenant to that effect.

Prescribed covenants may deal with same matters as other requirements

             (2)  Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), the regulations may prescribe, for the purposes of that subsection, a covenant that elaborates, supplements, or otherwise deals with, any aspect of:

                     (a)  a matter to which a covenant in sections 52 to 53 relates; or

                     (b)  a matter to which a provision of this Act relates.

But prescribed covenants must be capable of operating concurrently with other requirements

             (3)  However, a covenant prescribed under subsection (1) must be capable of operating concurrently with:

                     (a)  all the covenants referred to in sections 52 to 53; and

                     (b)  this Act.

             (4)  The regulations may specify that a covenant prescribed under subsection (1) is to form part of the enhanced trustee obligations, or the enhanced director obligations, for MySuper products or eligible rollover funds.

55  Consequences of contravention of covenant

Covenants must be complied with

             (1)  A person must not contravene a covenant contained, or taken to be contained, in the governing rules of a superannuation entity.

Breach of covenant not an offence and does not result in invalidity

             (2)  A contravention of subsection (1) is not an offence and a contravention of that subsection does not result in the invalidity of a transaction.

Breach of covenant may result in action to recover loss or damage

             (3)  Subject to subsection (4A), a person who suffers loss or damage as a result of conduct of another person that was engaged in in contravention of subsection (1) may recover the amount of the loss or damage by action against that other person or against any person involved in the contravention.

             (4)  Unless an action under subsection (3) is of a kind dealt with in subsections (4A) to (4D), it may be begun at any time within 6 years after the day on which the cause of action arose.

Leave of court required where directors’ covenants contravened

          (4A)  If:

                     (a)  the person who is alleged to have contravened subsection (1) is or was a director of a corporate trustee of a registrable superannuation entity; and

                     (b)  it is alleged that the contravention is of a covenant that is contained, or taken to be contained, in the governing rules of the entity, and is:

                              (i)  a covenant of the kind mentioned in subsection 52A(2); or

                             (ii)  a covenant prescribed under section 54A that relates to the conduct of the director of a corporate trustee of a registrable superannuation entity;

an action under subsection (3) may be brought only with the leave of the court.

          (4B)  A person may, within 6 years after the day on which the cause of action arose, seek the leave of the court to bring such an action.

          (4C)  In deciding whether to grant an application for leave to bring such an action, the court must take into account whether:

                     (a)  the applicant is acting in good faith; and

                     (b)  there is a serious question to be tried.

          (4D)  The court may, in granting leave to bring such an action, specify a period within which the action may be brought.

Defences in actions to recover loss or damage

             (5)  It is a defence to an action for loss or damage suffered by a person as a result of the making of an investment by or on behalf of a trustee of a superannuation entity if the defendant establishes that the defendant has complied with all of the covenants referred to in sections 52 to 53 and prescribed under section 54A, and all of the obligations referred to in sections 29VN and 29VO, that apply to the defendant in relation to each act, or failure to act, that resulted in the loss or damage.

             (6)  It is a defence to an action for loss or damage suffered by a person as a result of the management of any reserves by a trustee of a superannuation entity if the defendant establishes that the defendant has complied with all of the covenants referred to in sections 52 to 53 and prescribed under section 54A, and all of the obligations referred to in sections 29VN and 29VO, that apply to the defendant in relation to each act, or failure to act, that resulted in the loss or damage.

             (7)  Subsections (5) and (6) apply to an action for loss or damage, whether brought under subsection (3), section 29VP or otherwise.

55A  Rules about cashing benefits after death of members

             (1)  The governing rules of a regulated superannuation fund must not permit a fund member’s benefits to be cashed after the member’s death otherwise than in accordance with standards prescribed for the purposes of section 31.

             (2)  If the governing rules of a fund are inconsistent with subsection (1):

                     (a)  subsection (1) prevails; and

                     (b)  the governing rules are invalid, to the extent of the inconsistency.

55B  Governing rules do not prevent giving effect to certain elections

                   A provision in the governing rules of a regulated superannuation fund is void to the extent that it would prevent a trustee or trustees of the fund from giving effect to:

                     (a)  an election made in accordance with section 29SAA (election to transfer accrued default amounts to a MySuper product); or

                     (b)  an election made in accordance with section 29SAB (election to transfer assets attributed to a MySuper product if authorisation cancelled); or

                     (c)  a requirement in regulations made for the purposes of subsection 29SAA(3); or

                     (d)  an election made in accordance with section 29SAC (election not to pass costs of paying conflicted remuneration onto MySuper members); or

                     (e)  an election made in accordance with section 242B (election to transfer amounts held in an eligible rollover fund if authorisation cancelled); or

                      (f)  an election made in accordance with section 242C (election not to pass costs of paying conflicted remuneration to members of eligible rollover fund).

55C  Governing rules do not prevent transfer from pre‑MySuper default option to MySuper product

             (1)  A provision of the governing rules of a regulated superannuation fund is void to the extent that it would prevent a trustee or trustees of the fund from attributing an amount to a MySuper product for a member, instead of attributing the amount to a pre‑MySuper default option.

             (2)  A pre‑MySuper default option, in relation to an amount attributed to a member of a regulated superannuation fund, is an investment option under which an asset (or assets) of the fund attributed to the member in relation to the amount would be invested, under the governing rules of the fund, if the member gave no direction in relation to the amount.

56  Indemnification of trustee from assets of entity

             (1)  Subject to subsections (2) and (2A), a provision in the governing rules of a superannuation entity is void if:

                     (a)  it purports to preclude a trustee of the entity from being indemnified out of the assets of the entity in respect of any liability incurred while acting as trustee of the entity; or

                     (b)  it limits the amount of such an indemnity.

             (2)  A provision in the governing rules of a superannuation entity is void in so far as it would have the effect of exempting a trustee of the entity from, or indemnifying a trustee of the entity against:

                     (a)  liability for breach of trust if the trustee:

                              (i)  fails to act honestly in a matter concerning the entity; or

                             (ii)  intentionally or recklessly fails to exercise, in relation to a matter affecting the entity, the degree of care and diligence that the trustee was required to exercise; or

                     (b)  liability for a monetary penalty under a civil penalty order; or

                     (c)  the payment of any amount payable under an infringement notice.

          (2A)  A provision in the governing rules of a registrable superannuation entity is void in so far as it would have the effect of allowing a trustee of the entity:

                     (a)  to indemnify itself out of the assets of the entity for any amount expended out of capital of the trustee managed and maintained by the trustee to cover the operational risk of the entity; or

                     (b)  to indemnify itself out of any assets of the entity that do not form part of a reserve maintained for the purpose of covering the operational risk relating to the entity, any amount that relates to that risk, without first exhausting the reserve and any other financial resources managed and maintained by the trustee to cover the risk.

             (3)  Nothing in the governing rules of a superannuation entity prohibits a trustee of the entity from seeking advice from any person in respect of any matter relating to performance of the duties or the exercise of the powers of a trustee. A provision in the governing rules that purports to preclude a trustee of the entity from being indemnified out of assets of the entity in respect of the cost of obtaining such advice, or to limit the amount of such an indemnity, is void.

57  Indemnification of directors of trustee from assets of entity

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), the governing rules of a superannuation entity may provide for a director of the trustee to be indemnified out of the assets of the entity in respect of a liability incurred while acting as a director of the trustee.

             (2)  A provision of the governing rules of a superannuation entity is void in so far as it would have the effect of indemnifying a director of the trustee against:

                     (a)  a liability that arises because the director:

                              (i)  fails to act honestly in a matter concerning the entity; or

                             (ii)  intentionally or recklessly fails to exercise, in relation to a matter affecting the entity, the degree of care and diligence that the director is required to exercise; or

                     (b)  liability for a monetary penalty under a civil penalty order; or

                     (c)  the payment of any amount payable under an infringement notice.

             (3)  A director of the trustee of a superannuation entity may be indemnified out of the assets of the entity in accordance with provisions of the entity’s governing rules that comply with this section.

             (4)  This section has effect despite section 241 of the Corporations Act 2001.

58  Trustee not to be subject to direction

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), the governing rules of a superannuation entity other than a superannuation fund with fewer than 5 members or an excluded approved deposit fund must not permit a trustee to be subject, in the exercise of any of the trustee’s powers under those rules, to direction by any other person.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to:

                     (a)  a direction given by a court; or

                     (b)  a direction given by the Regulator; or

                     (c)  a direction given by a beneficiary or a group of beneficiaries that relates to benefits payable to that beneficiary or those beneficiaries, as the case may be; or

                     (d)  a direction given by a beneficiary to take up, dispose of or alter the amount invested in an investment option, where:

                              (i)  the entity is a registrable superannuation entity; and

                             (ii)  the direction is given in circumstances prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph; or

                   (da)  a direction given by a member of a regulated superannuation fund to attribute (or continue to attribute) an amount that is an accrued default amount for the member to a MySuper product or an investment option within a choice product in the fund; or

                     (e)  if the entity is an employer‑sponsored fund—a direction given by an employer‑sponsor, or an associate of an employer‑sponsor, in circumstances prescribed by the regulations; or

                      (f)  a direction given by the Superannuation Complaints Tribunal; or

                     (g)  a direction given by a member (within the meaning of the Superannuation Contributions Tax (members of Constitutionally Protected Superannuation Funds) Assessment and Collection Act 1997) that is permitted to be given by subsection 15(8A) of that Act.

             (3)  If the governing rules of a superannuation entity are inconsistent with subsection (1), that subsection prevails, and the governing rules are, to the extent of the inconsistency, invalid.

58A  Service providers and investments cannot be limited to particular persons or associates

Does not apply to self managed superannuation funds

             (1)  This section does not apply to a regulated superannuation fund that is a self managed superannuation fund.

Service providers

             (2)  A provision in the governing rules of a regulated superannuation fund is void to the extent that it specifies a person or persons (whether by name or in any other way, directly or indirectly) from whom the trustee, or one or more of the trustees, of the fund may or must acquire a service.

Investments in entities

             (3)  A provision in the governing rules of a regulated superannuation fund is void to the extent that it specifies an entity or entities (whether by name or in any other way, directly or indirectly) in or through which one or more of the assets of the fund may or must be invested.

Financial products

             (4)  A provision in the governing rules of a regulated superannuation fund is void to the extent that it specifies (whether by name or by reference to an entity) a financial product or financial products:

                     (a)  in or through which one or more of the assets of the fund may or must be invested; or

                     (b)  that may or must be purchased using assets of the fund; or

                     (c)  in relation to which one or more assets of the fund may or must be used to make payments.

Exception

             (5)  Subsections (2), (3) and (4) do not apply if the relevant person, entity or financial product is specified in a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory, or is required to be specified under such a law.

58B  Service providers and investments

             (1)  This section applies if a trustee, or the trustees, of a regulated superannuation fund does one or more of the following:

                     (a)  acquires a service from an entity;

                     (b)  invests assets of the fund in or through an entity;

                     (c)  invests assets of the fund in or through a financial product;

                     (d)  purchases a financial product using assets of the fund;

                     (e)  uses assets of the fund to make payments in relation to a financial product.

             (2)  If the trustee, or the trustees, would not breach:

                     (a)  a provision of any of the following:

                              (i)  this or any other Act;

                             (ii)  a legislative instrument made under this or any other Act;

                            (iii)  the prudential standards;

                            (iv)  the operating standards;

                             (v)  the governing rules of the fund; or

                     (b)  any covenant referred to in this Part or prescribed under this Part;

in doing one or more of the things mentioned in subsection (1), the general law relating to conflict of interest does not apply to the extent that it would prohibit the trustee, or the trustees, from doing the thing.

59  Exercise of discretion by person other than trustee

             (1)  Subject to subsection (1A), the governing rules of a superannuation entity other than a self managed superannuation fund must not permit a discretion under those rules that is exercisable by a person other than a trustee of the entity to be exercised unless:

                     (a)  those rules require the consent of the trustee, or the trustees, of the entity to the exercise of that discretion; or

                     (b)  if the entity is an employer‑sponsored fund:

                              (i)  the exercise of the discretion relates to the contributions that an employer‑sponsor will, after the discretion is exercised, be required or permitted to pay to the fund; or

                             (ii)  the exercise of the discretion relates solely to a decision to terminate the fund; or

                            (iii)  the circumstances in which the discretion was exercised are covered by regulations made for the purposes of this subparagraph.

          (1A)  Despite subsection (1), the governing rules of a superannuation entity may, subject to a trustee of the entity complying with any conditions contained in the regulations, permit a member of the entity, by notice given to a trustee of the entity in accordance with the regulations, to require a trustee of the entity to provide any benefits in respect of the member on or after the member’s death to a person or persons mentioned in the notice, being the legal personal representative or a dependant or dependants of the member.

             (2)  If the governing rules of a superannuation entity are inconsistent with subsection (1), that subsection prevails, and the governing rules are, to the extent of the inconsistency, invalid.

60  Amendment of governing rules

             (1)  The governing rules of a superannuation entity other than a self managed superannuation fund must not permit those rules to be amended unless:

                     (a)  the trustee, or the trustees, of the entity have consented to the amendment; or

                     (b)  if the entity is an employer‑sponsored fund:

                              (i)  the amendment relates to the contributions that an employer‑sponsor will, after the amendment, be required or permitted to pay to the fund; or

                             (ii)  the amendment relates solely to the termination of the fund; or

                            (iii)  the circumstances in which the amendment was made are covered by regulations made for the purposes of this subparagraph; or

                     (c)  the amendment is made solely for the purpose of conferring on the trustee, or the trustees, the power to consent to amendments of those rules.

             (2)  The governing rules of a regulated superannuation fund must not permit those rules to be amended in such a way that:

                     (a)  a person other than a constitutional corporation would be eligible to be appointed as trustee unless the rules provide, and will continue to provide after the amendment is made, that the fund has, as its sole or primary purpose, the provision of old‑age pensions; or

                     (b)  the sole or primary purpose of the fund would be a purpose other than the provision of old‑age pensions unless the rules provide, and will continue to provide after the amendment is made, that the trustee must be a constitutional corporation.

             (3)  If the governing rules of the superannuation entity are inconsistent with subsection (1) or (2), the subsection concerned prevails, and the governing rules are, to the extent of the inconsistency, invalid.

60A  Dismissal of trustee of public offer entity

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), the governing rules of a public offer entity must not permit the trustee to be removed by a person other than APRA.

Note:          Part 17 provides for the removal of trustees by APRA.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a removal of a kind specified in regulations made for the purposes of this subsection.

             (3)  If the governing rules of the public offer entity are inconsistent with subsection (1), that subsection prevails, and the governing rules are, to the extent of the inconsistency, invalid.

Part 7Provisions applying only to regulated superannuation funds

  

61  Object of Part

                   The object of this Part is to set out special rules which apply only to regulated superannuation funds.

62  Sole purpose test

             (1)  Each trustee of a regulated superannuation fund must ensure that the fund is maintained solely:

                     (a)  for one or more of the following purposes (the core purposes):

                              (i)  the provision of benefits for each member of the fund on or after the member’s retirement from any business, trade, profession, vocation, calling, occupation or employment in which the member was engaged (whether the member’s retirement occurred before, or occurred after, the member joined the fund);

                             (ii)  the provision of benefits for each member of the fund on or after the member’s attainment of an age not less than the age specified in the regulations;

                            (iii)  the provision of benefits for each member of the fund on or after whichever is the earlier of:

                                        (A)  the member’s retirement from any business, trade, profession, vocation, calling, occupation or employment in which the member was engaged; or

                                        (B)  the member’s attainment of an age not less than the age prescribed for the purposes of subparagraph (ii);

                            (iv)  the provision of benefits in respect of each member of the fund on or after the member’s death, if:

                                        (A)  the death occurred before the member’s retirement from any business, trade, profession, vocation, calling, occupation or employment in which the member was engaged; and

                                        (B)  the benefits are provided to the member’s legal personal representative, to any or all of the member’s dependants, or to both;

                             (v)  the provision of benefits in respect of each member of the fund on or after the member’s death, if:

                                        (A)  the death occurred before the member attained the age prescribed for the purposes of subparagraph (ii); and

                                        (B)  the benefits are provided to the member’s legal personal representative, to any or all of the member’s dependants, or to both; or

                     (b)  for one or more of the core purposes and for one or more of the following purposes (the ancillary purposes):

                              (i)  the provision of benefits for each member of the fund on or after the termination of the member’s employment with an employer who had, or any of whose associates had, at any time, contributed to the fund in relation to the member;

                             (ii)  the provision of benefits for each member of the fund on or after the member’s cessation of work, if the work was for gain or reward in any business, trade, profession, vocation, calling, occupation or employment in which the member was engaged and the cessation is on account of ill‑health (whether physical or mental);

                            (iii)  the provision of benefits in respect of each member of the fund on or after the member’s death, if:

                                        (A)  the death occurred after the member’s retirement from any business, trade, profession, vocation, calling, occupation or employment in which the member was engaged (whether the member’s retirement occurred before, or occurred after, the member joined the fund); and

                                        (B)  the benefits are provided to the member’s legal personal representative, to any or all of the member’s dependants, or to both;

                            (iv)  the provision of benefits in respect of each member of the fund on or after the member’s death, if:

                                        (A)  the death occurred after the member attained the age prescribed for the purposes of subparagraph (a)(ii); and

                                        (B)  the benefits are provided to the member’s legal personal representative, to any or all of the member’s dependants, or to both;

                             (v)  the provision of such other benefits as the Regulator approves in writing.

          (1A)  Subsection (1) does not imply that a trustee of a regulated superannuation fund is required to maintain the fund so that the same kind of benefits will be provided:

                     (a)  to each member of the fund; or

                     (b)  in respect of each member of the fund.

             (2)  Subsection (1) is a civil penalty provision as defined by section 193, and Part 21 therefore provides for civil and criminal consequences of contravening, or of being involved in a contravention of, that subsection.

             (3)  An approval given by the Regulator for the purposes of subsection (1) may be expressed to relate to:

                     (a)  a specified fund; or

                     (b)  a specified class of funds.

62A  Self managed superannuation funds—investment in collectables and personal use assets

                   The regulations may prescribe rules in relation to the trustees of regulated superannuation funds that are self managed superannuation funds making, holding and realising investments involving:

                     (a)  artwork (within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997); or

                     (b)  jewellery; or

                     (c)  antiques; or

                     (d)  artefacts; or

                     (e)  coins or medallions; or

                      (f)  postage stamps or first day covers; or

                     (g)  rare folios, manuscripts or books; or

                     (h)  memorabilia; or

                      (i)  wine; or

                      (j)  cars; or

                     (k)  recreational boats; or

                      (l)  memberships of sporting or social clubs; or

                    (m)  assets of a particular kind, if assets of that kind are ordinarily used or kept mainly for personal use or enjoyment (not including land).

Note:          The regulations may prescribe penalties of not more than 10 penalty units for offences against the regulations. See paragraph 353(1)(d).

63  Certain regulated superannuation funds not to accept employer contributions in certain circumstances

Directions

             (1)  The Regulator may give a trustee of a regulated superannuation fund a written notice directing the trustee, or the trustees, not to accept any contributions made to the fund by an employer‑sponsor.

Pre‑1994‑95 directions

             (2)  The Commissioner may only give a direction under this section to the trustee of a fund before the fund’s 1994‑95 year of income (whether in accordance with section 4 of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 or otherwise) if the direction takes effect at the beginning of that year of income and, at a time during the period:

                     (a)  beginning on the day on which this Act received the Royal Assent; and

                     (b)  ending immediately before the beginning of that year of income;

when:

                     (c)  the fund was in existence; and

                     (d)  there were in force regulations for the purposes of subsection 7(1) of the Occupational Superannuation Standards Act 1987 prescribing standards applicable to the fund;

the fund did not comply with any or all of those standards.

Post‑1993‑94 directions

             (3)  The Regulator must not give a direction under this section to a trustee of a fund after the beginning of the fund’s 1994‑95 year of income unless:

                     (a)  a trustee of the fund has contravened one or more of the regulatory provisions (as defined in section 38A) on one or more occasions after the beginning of that year of income; and

                     (b)  the Regulator is satisfied that the seriousness or frequency, or both, of the contraventions warrants the giving of the direction.

Reasons

             (4)  A direction under this section must be accompanied by, or included in the same document as, a statement giving the reasons for the direction.

Revocation

             (5)  The Regulator may revoke a direction under this section if the Regulator is satisfied that there is, and is likely to continue to be, substantial compliance by each trustee of the fund with the regulatory provisions (as defined in section 38A) applicable to the fund.

Contravention of equal representation rules

             (6)  For the purposes of subsections (3) and (5), if a fund does not comply with Part 9 (which deals with equal representation), the trustee of the fund is, or the trustees of the fund are, taken to have contravened the applicable provisions of that Part.

Offence of contravening direction

             (7)  A trustee of a fund must not, without reasonable excuse, contravene a direction under this section.

Penalty:  100 penalty units.

          (7A)  Subsection (7) is an offence of strict liability.

Note 1:       Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

Note 2:       For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Additional rule for certain funds not complying with equal representation rules

          (7B)  An RSE licensee of a fund that is not a public offer superannuation fund must not, while subsection (7D) applies to the fund, accept any contributions made to the fund by an employer‑sponsor.

Penalty:  60 penalty units.

          (7C)  Subsection (7B) is an offence of strict liability.

Note 1:       Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

Note 2:       For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

          (7D)  This subsection applies to the fund if:

                     (a)  the fund is failing to comply with subsection 92(4) or 93(4) (whichever is applicable); or

                     (b)  having previously failed to comply, the fund does so comply but the RSE licensee has not given to APRA a notice in the approved form that:

                              (i)  states that the fund so complies; and

                             (ii)  if the RSE licensee is a group of individual trustees and the compliance is as a result of the appointment of one or more other individual trustees to the group—states the appointee’s name or the appointees’ names; and

                            (iii)  if the RSE licensee is a body corporate and the compliance is as a result of the appointment of one or more directors to the board of directors of the body corporate—states the appointee’s name or the appointees’ names.

Refund of contributions

             (8)  A contravention of subsection (7) or (7B) does not result in the invalidity of a transaction. However, if a contribution is accepted in contravention of either of those subsections, a trustee of the fund concerned must refund the contribution within 28 days or such further period as the Regulator allows.

Notification to employer‑sponsors

             (9)  If a trustee of a fund is given a direction under this section, each trustee of the fund must ensure that all reasonable steps are taken to notify the direction to each employer‑sponsor of the fund.

Offence of contravening subsection (8) or (9)

           (10)  A person who, without reasonable excuse, contravenes subsection (8) or (9) is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by a fine not exceeding 50 penalty units.

        (10A)  Subsection (10) is an offence of strict liability.

Note 1:       Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

Note 2:       For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Refunded contributions to be ignored for the purposes of income tax and superannuation guarantee charge

           (11)  For the purposes of the Income Tax Assessment Act and the Superannuation Guarantee (Administration) Act 1992, if a contribution is refunded under this section, the person who made the contribution is taken never to have made the contribution.

Superannuation guarantee charge—shortfall component to be treated as employer contribution

           (12)  This section has effect as if the payment of a shortfall component to a fund under section 65 of the Superannuation Guarantee (Administration) Act 1992 were a contribution made to the fund by an employer‑sponsor.

OSSA

           (13)  A reference in this section to subsection 7(1) of the Occupational Superannuation Standards Act 1987 includes a reference to that subsection as it continues to apply, despite its repeal, because of the Occupational Superannuation Standards Amendment Act 1993.

64  Superannuation contributions—deductions from salary or wages to be remitted promptly

Application

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  an employer of an employee is authorised (whether by the employee, by force of law or otherwise) to:

                              (i)  deduct an amount from salary or wages payable by the employer to the employee; and

                             (ii)  pay to a trustee of a regulated superannuation fund the amount of the deduction for the purposes of making provision for superannuation benefits for, or for dependants of, the employee; and

                     (b)  the employer makes such a deduction.

Prompt remission

             (2)  The employer must pay to a trustee of the superannuation fund the amount of the deduction before the end of the 28‑day period beginning immediately after the end of the month in which the deduction was made.

          (2A)  Subsection (2) does not apply if:

                     (a)  the employer pays to an approved clearing house (within the meaning of the Superannuation Guarantee (Administration) Act 1992) the amount of the deduction before the end of the period mentioned in that subsection; and

                     (b)  the approved clearing house accepts the payment.

             (3)  The employer is guilty of an offence if the employer contravenes subsection (2).

Penalty:  100 penalty units.

          (3A)  The employer is guilty of an offence if the employer contravenes subsection (2). This is an offence of strict liability.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note 1:       Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

Note 2:       For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Part‑time domestic workers counted

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, the Superannuation Guarantee (Administration) Act 1992 has effect as if subsection 11(2) of that Act had not been enacted.

64A  Compliance with determinations of the Superannuation Complaints Tribunal

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a complaint has been made to the Superannuation Complaints Tribunal under section 14 of the Superannuation (Resolution of Complaints) Act 1993 concerning a disability benefit (whether under a contract of insurance or otherwise); and

                     (b)  the Tribunal decides that a person other than a trustee or an insurer is responsible for determining the existence of the disability; and

                     (c)  the Tribunal joins the person under paragraph 18(1)(d) of that Act as a party to the complaint;

the person must comply with any determination made in respect of the person by the Tribunal.

             (2)  In this section:

Superannuation Complaints Tribunal means the Superannuation Complaints Tribunal established under section 6 of the Superannuation (Resolution of Complaints) Act 1993.

65  Lending to members of regulated superannuation fund prohibited

Prohibition

             (1)  A trustee or an investment manager of a regulated superannuation fund must not:

                     (a)  lend money of the fund to:

                              (i)  a member of the fund; or

                             (ii)  a relative of a member of the fund; or

                     (b)  give any other financial assistance using the resources of the fund to:

                              (i)  a member of the fund; or

                             (ii)  a relative of a member of the fund.

Exception—private sector funds

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not prohibit the lending of money of a private sector fund established before 16 December 1985 to a member if the trustee of the fund, on or before that date:

                     (a)  had express power to lend money to members; or

                     (b)  lent money to members and that lending was not expressly prohibited by the governing rules of the fund.

Exception—public sector funds

             (3)  Subsection (1) does not prohibit the lending of money of a public sector fund established before 25 May 1988 to a member if the trustee of the fund, on or before that date:

                     (a)  had express power to lend money to members; or

                     (b)  lent money to members and that lending was not expressly prohibited by the governing rules of the fund.

Variation of governing rules

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  subsection (2) or (3) applies to a regulated superannuation fund; and

                     (b)  at the beginning of the fund’s 1994‑95 year of income, a provision included in the governing rules of the fund authorised the lending of the fund’s money to members;

a variation of that provision is void unless the variation:

                     (c)  limits the power to lend the fund’s money to members; or

                     (d)  removes the power to lend the fund’s money to members.

Civil penalty provision

             (5)  Subsection (1) is a civil penalty provision as defined by section 193, and Part 21 therefore provides for civil and criminal consequences of contravening, or of being involved in a contravention of, that subsection.

Effect of Part 8

             (7)  Nothing in Part 8 limits the operation of this section.

66  Acquisitions of certain assets from members of regulated superannuation funds prohibited

Prohibition

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), a trustee or an investment manager of a regulated superannuation fund must not intentionally acquire an asset from a related party of the fund.

Exception—acquisitions of business real property and listed securities

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not prohibit a trustee or investment manager acquiring an asset from a related party of the fund if:

                     (a)  the asset is a listed security acquired at market value; or

                     (b)  if the fund is a superannuation fund with fewer than 5 members—the asset is business real property of the related party acquired at market value; or

                     (c)  the trustee of a regulated superannuation fund acquired the asset under a merger between regulated superannuation funds; or

                     (d)  the asset is an asset of a kind which the Regulator, by legislative instrument, determines may be acquired by:

                              (i)  any fund; or

                             (ii)  a class of funds in which the fund is included.

Exception—certain in‑house assets

          (2A)  Subsection (1) does not prohibit the acquisition of an asset by a trustee or investment manager of a superannuation fund from a related party of the fund if:

                     (a)  the acquisition of the asset constitutes an investment that:

                              (i)  is an in‑house asset of the fund within the meaning of subsection 71(1); or

                             (ii)  would be an in‑house asset of the fund within the meaning of subsection 71(1) apart from the operation of Subdivision D of Part 8; or

                            (iii)  is a life insurance policy issued by a life insurance company (other than a policy acquired from a member of the fund or from a relative of a member); or

                            (iv)  is referred to in paragraph 71(1)(b), (ba), (c), (d), (e), (f), (h) or (j); and

                     (b)  the asset is acquired at market value; and

                     (c)  the acquisition of the asset would not result in the level of in‑house assets of the superannuation fund exceeding the level permitted by Part 8.

Exception—breakdown of relationships

          (2B)  Subsection (1) does not prohibit a trustee or investment manager acquiring an asset from a related party of the fund (the acquiring fund) if:

                     (a)  the asset is acquired:

                              (i)  for the benefit of a particular member of the acquiring fund; and

                             (ii)  from a trustee or investment manager of another regulated superannuation fund (the transferring fund); and

                     (b)  at the time of the acquisition:

                              (i)  the member and his or her spouse or former spouse are separated; and

                             (ii)  there is no reasonable likelihood of cohabitation being resumed; and

                     (c)  the acquisition occurs because of reasons directly connected with the breakdown of the relationship between the spouses or former spouses; and

                     (d)  the asset represents the whole, or a part, of either:

                              (i)  the member’s own interests in the transferring fund; or

                             (ii)  the member’s entitlements as determined under Part VIIIB of the Family Law Act 1975 in relation to the interests of the member’s spouse, or former spouse, in the transferring fund.

          (2C)  For the purposes of subsection (2B), the question whether the spouses, or former spouses, have separated is to be determined in the same way as it is for the purposes of section 48 of the Family Law Act 1975 (as affected by sections 49 and 50 of that Act).

Prohibition of avoidance schemes

             (3)  A person must not enter into, commence to carry out, or carry out a scheme if the person entered into, commenced to carry out, or carried out the scheme or any part of the scheme with the intention that:

                     (a)  the scheme would result, or be likely to result, in the acquisition of an asset by a trustee or an investment manager of a regulated superannuation fund, where the asset is acquired from a person who has a connection (either direct or indirect through one or more interposed companies, partnerships or trusts) with a related party of the fund; and

                     (b)  that acquisition would avoid the application of subsection (1) to the fund.

Offence

             (4)  A person who contravenes subsection (1) or (3) is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by imprisonment for a term not exceeding 1 year.

Definitions

             (5)  In this section:

acquire an asset does not include accept money.

business includes any profession, trade, employment, vocation or calling carried on for the purposes of profit, including:

                     (a)  the carrying on of primary production; and

                     (b)  the provision of professional services;

but does not include occupation as an employee.

business real property, in relation to an entity, means:

                     (a)  any freehold or leasehold interest of the entity in real property; or

                     (b)  any interest of the entity in Crown land, other than a leasehold interest, being an interest that is capable of assignment or transfer; or

                     (c)  if another class of interest in relation to real property is prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph—any interest belonging to that class that is held by the entity;

where the real property is used wholly and exclusively in one or more businesses (whether carried on by the entity or not), but does not include any interest held in the capacity of beneficiary of a trust estate.

listed security means a security listed for quotation in the official list of any of the following:

                     (a)  a licensed market within the meaning of section 761A of the Corporations Act 2001; or

                     (b)  an approved stock exchange within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997; or

                     (c)  a market exempted under section 791C of the Corporations Act 2001.

primary production business has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

scheme means:

                     (a)  any agreement, arrangement, understanding, promise or undertaking:

                              (i)  whether express or implied; or

                             (ii)  whether or not enforceable, or intended to be enforceable, by legal proceedings; and

                     (b)  any scheme, plan, proposal, action, course of action or course of conduct, whether unilateral or otherwise.

Real property used in primary production business

             (6)  For the purposes of the definition of business real property in subsection (5), real property used in one or more primary production businesses does not cease to be used wholly and exclusively in that business or those businesses only because:

                     (a)  an area of the real property, not exceeding 2 hectares, contains a dwelling used primarily for domestic or private purposes; and

                     (b)  the area is also used primarily for domestic or private purposes;

provided that the use for domestic or private purposes referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b) is not the predominant use of the real property.

67  Borrowing

Prohibition

             (1)  Subject to this section and section 67A, a trustee of a regulated superannuation fund must not:

                     (a)  borrow money; or

                     (b)  maintain an existing borrowing of money.

Note:          Section 67A contains an exception for certain limited recourse borrowing arrangements.

Exception—temporary borrowing to pay beneficiary

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not prohibit a trustee of a regulated superannuation fund from borrowing money if:

                     (a)  the purpose of the borrowing is to enable the trustee to make a payment to a beneficiary which the trustee is required to make by law or by the governing rules and which, apart from the borrowing, the trustee would not be able to make; and

                     (b)  the period of the borrowing does not exceed 90 days; and

                     (c)  if the borrowing were to take place, the total amount borrowed by the trustee would not exceed 10% of the value of the assets of the fund.

          (2A)  Subsection (1) does not prohibit a trustee of a regulated superannuation fund from borrowing money if:

                     (a)  the purpose of the borrowing is to enable the trustee to make a payment of surcharge or advance instalment which the trustee is required to make under the Superannuation Contributions Tax (Assessment and Collection) Act 1997 and which, apart from the borrowing, the trustee would not be able to make; and

                     (b)  the period of the borrowing does not exceed 90 days; and

                     (c)  if the borrowing were to take place, the total amount borrowed by the trustee would not exceed 10% of the value of the assets of the fund.

Exception—temporary borrowing to cover settlement of securities transactions

             (3)  Subsection (1) does not prohibit a trustee of a regulated superannuation fund from borrowing money if:

                     (a)  the purpose of the borrowing is to enable the trustee to cover settlement of a transaction for the acquisition of any of the following:

                              (i)  bonds, debentures, stock, bills of exchange or other securities;

                             (ii)  shares in a company;

                            (iii)  units in a unit trust;

                            (iv)  futures contracts;

                             (v)  forward contracts;

                            (vi)  interest rates swap contracts;

                           (vii)  currency swap contracts;

                          (viii)  forward exchange rate contracts;

                            (ix)  forward interest rate contracts;

                             (x)  a right or option in respect of such a security, share, unit, contract or policy;

                            (xi)  any similar financial instrument;

                           (xii)  foreign currency; and

                     (b)  both:

                              (i)  at the time the relevant investment decision was made, it was likely that the borrowing would not be needed; and

                             (ii)  the borrowing is not taken, under a determination made, by legislative instrument, by the Regulator, to be exempt from this paragraph; and

                     (c)  the period of the borrowing does not exceed 7 days; and

                     (d)  if the borrowing were to take place, the total amount borrowed by the trustee would not exceed 10% of the value of the assets of the fund.

Exception—private sector funds

             (5)  Subsection (1) does not prohibit a trustee of a private sector fund from maintaining an existing borrowing of money if:

                     (a)  the trustee had, at a time before 12 June 1986, borrowed the money in circumstances that did not comply with the standard set out in paragraph 16(1)(b) of the Occupational Superannuation Standards Regulations; and

                     (b)  the maintenance occurs before whichever is the earliest of the following:

                              (i)  the day on which the trustee made such arrangements as were necessary to comply with that standard;

                             (ii)  the day on which the trustee makes such arrangements as are necessary to comply with subsection (1);

                            (iii)  1 July 1995.

Exception—public sector funds

             (6)  Subsection (1) does not prohibit the trustee of a public sector fund from maintaining an existing borrowing of money if:

                     (a)  the trustee had, at a time before 2 July 1990, borrowed the money in circumstances that did not comply with the standard set out in paragraph 16(1)(b) of the Occupational Superannuation Standards Regulations; and

                     (b)  the maintenance occurs before whichever is the earliest of the following:

                              (i)  the day on which the trustee made such arrangements as were necessary to comply with that standard;

                             (ii)  the day on which the trustee makes such arrangements as are necessary to comply with subsection (1);

                            (iii)  1 July 2000.

Civil penalty provision

             (7)  Subsection (1) is a civil penalty provision as defined by section 193, and Part 21 therefore provides for civil and criminal consequences of contravening, or of being involved in a contravention of, that subsection.

67A  Limited recourse borrowing arrangements

Exception

             (1)  Subsection 67(1) does not prohibit a trustee of a regulated superannuation fund (the RSF trustee) from borrowing money, or maintaining a borrowing of money, under an arrangement under which:

                     (a)  the money is or has been applied for the acquisition of a single acquirable asset, including:

                              (i)  expenses incurred in connection with the borrowing or acquisition, or in maintaining or repairing the acquirable asset (but not expenses incurred in improving the acquirable asset); and

Example: Conveyancing fees, stamp duty, brokerage or loan establishment costs.

                             (ii)  money applied to refinance a borrowing (including any accrued interest on a borrowing) to which this subsection applied (including because of section 67B) in relation to the single acquirable asset (and no other acquirable asset); and

                     (b)  the acquirable asset is held on trust so that the RSF trustee acquires a beneficial interest in the acquirable asset; and

                     (c)  the RSF trustee has a right to acquire legal ownership of the acquirable asset by making one or more payments after acquiring the beneficial interest; and

                     (d)  the rights of the lender or any other person against the RSF trustee for, in connection with, or as a result of, (whether directly or indirectly) default on:

                              (i)  the borrowing; or

                             (ii)  the sum of the borrowing and charges related to the borrowing;

                            are limited to rights relating to the acquirable asset; and

Example: Any right of a person to be indemnified by the RSF trustee because of a personal guarantee given by that person in favour of the lender is limited to rights relating to the acquirable asset.

                     (e)  if, under the arrangement, the RSF trustee has a right relating to the acquirable asset (other than a right described in paragraph (c))—the rights of the lender or any other person against the RSF trustee for, in connection with, or as a result of, (whether directly or indirectly) the RSF trustee’s exercise of the RSF trustee’s right are limited to rights relating to the acquirable asset; and

                      (f)  the acquirable asset is not subject to any charge (including a mortgage, lien or other encumbrance) except as provided for in paragraph (d) or (e).

Meaning of acquirable asset

             (2)  An asset is an acquirable asset if:

                     (a)  the asset is not money (whether Australian currency or currency of another country); and

                     (b)  neither this Act nor any other law prohibits the RSF trustee from acquiring the asset.

             (3)  This section and section 67B apply to a collection of assets in the same way as they apply to a single asset, if:

                     (a)  the assets in the collection have the same market value as each other; and

                     (b)  the assets in the collection are identical to each other.

Example:    A collection of shares of the same class in a single company.

             (4)  For the purposes of this section and section 67B, the regulations may provide that, in prescribed circumstances, an acquirable asset ceases to be that particular acquirable asset.

RSF trustee

             (5)  Paragraphs (1)(d) and (e) do not apply to a right of:

                     (a)  a member of the regulated superannuation fund; or

                     (b)  another trustee of the regulated superannuation fund;

to damages against the RSF trustee for a breach by the RSF trustee of any of the RSF trustee’s duties as trustee.

             (6)  A reference in paragraph (1)(d) or (e) (but not in subsection (5)) to a right of any person against the RSF trustee includes a reference to a right of a person who is the RSF trustee, if the person holds the right in another capacity.

67B  Limited recourse borrowing arrangements—replacement assets

             (1)  Subsection (2) applies to:

                     (a)  a reference in paragraph 67A(1)(b), (c), (d), (e) or (f) to an acquirable asset (the original asset); or

                     (b)  a reference in subsection 71(8) to an acquirable asset (the original asset) mentioned in paragraph 67A(1)(b);

(including a reference resulting from a previous application of subsection (2) of this section).

             (2)  Treat the reference as being a reference to another single acquirable asset (the replacement asset) if:

                     (a)  the replacement asset replaces the original asset; and

                     (b)  subsection (3), (4), (5), (6), (7) or (8) applies.

             (3)  This subsection applies if:

                     (a)  the original asset consists of:

                              (i)  a share in a company, or a collection of shares in a company; or

                             (ii)  a unit in a unit trust, or a collection of units in a unit trust; and

                     (b)  the replacement asset consists of:

                              (i)  a share in that company, or a collection of shares in that company; or

                             (ii)  a unit in that unit trust, or a collection of units in that unit trust; and

                     (c)  at the time the replacement occurs, the original asset and the replacement asset have the same market value.

             (4)  This subsection applies if:

                     (a)  the original asset consists of an instalment receipt that confers a beneficial interest in:

                              (i)  a share in a company; or

                             (ii)  a collection of shares in a company; and

                     (b)  the replacement asset consists of that share or collection.

             (5)  This subsection applies if:

                     (a)  the original asset consists of:

                              (i)  a share in a company, or a collection of shares in a company; or

                             (ii)  a unit in a unit trust, or a collection of units in a unit trust; and

                     (b)  the replacement asset consists of:

                              (i)  a share in another company, or a collection of shares in another company; or

                             (ii)  a unit in another unit trust, or a collection of units in another unit trust; and

                     (c)  the replacement occurs as a result of a takeover, merger, demerger or restructure of the company or unit trust mentioned in paragraph (a).

             (6)  This subsection applies if:

                     (a)  the original asset consists of a share in a company, or a collection of shares in a company; and

                     (b)  the replacement asset consists of a stapled security, or a collection of stapled securities; and

                     (c)  each of those stapled securities consists of a single share, or a single collection of shares of the same class, stapled together with a single unit, or a single collection of units of the same class, in a unit trust; and

                     (d)  the replacement occurs under a scheme of arrangement of the company.

             (7)  This subsection applies if:

                     (a)  the original asset consists of a unit in a unit trust, or a collection of units in a unit trust; and

                     (b)  the replacement asset consists of a unit in that unit trust, or a collection of units in that unit trust; and

                     (c)  the replacement occurs as a result of an exercise of a discretion granted under the trust deed of that unit trust to the trustee of that unit trust.

             (8)  This subsection applies in the circumstances (if any) prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this subsection.

68  Victimisation of trustees etc.

Prohibition

             (1)  A person must not commit an act of victimisation against:

                     (a)  a trustee of an employer‑sponsored fund; or

                     (b)  a responsible officer of a corporate trustee of an employer‑sponsored fund.

Penalty: Imprisonment for 2 years.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

Act of victimisation against trustee

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, a person is taken to commit an act of victimisation against a trustee of an employer‑sponsored fund if, and only if, the person subjects, or threatens to subject, the trustee to a detriment on the grounds that:

                     (a)  the trustee has fulfilled, is fulfilling, or is proposing to fulfil, an obligation imposed on the trustee; or

                     (b)  the trustee has exercised, is exercising, or is proposing to exercise, the trustee’s powers in a particular way.

Act of victimisation against officer of corporate trustee

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, a person is taken to commit an act of victimisation against a responsible officer of a corporate trustee of an employer‑sponsored fund if, and only if, the person subjects, or threatens to subject, the responsible officer to a detriment on the grounds that:

                     (a)  the trustee or officer has fulfilled, is fulfilling, or is proposing to fulfil, an obligation imposed on the trustee or officer; or

                     (b)  the trustee or officer has exercised, is exercising, or is proposing to exercise, any of the trustee’s powers or the officer’s powers, as the case may be, in a particular way.

Employers

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, an employer is taken to subject an employee to a detriment if the employer:

                     (a)  dismisses the employee; or

                     (b)  injures the employee in his or her employment; or

                     (c)  alters the position of the employee to the employee’s prejudice.

However, for the purposes of this section, an employer is taken not to subject an employee to a detriment if the employer:

                     (a)  permanently ceases to be an employer‑sponsor of a superannuation fund of which the employee is a member; or

                     (b)  temporarily ceases to contribute to a superannuation fund in respect of a class of members in which the employee is included; or

                     (c)  reduces the level of contributions to a superannuation fund in respect of a class of members in which the employee is included.

Reasons

             (5)  In civil proceedings arising out of this section:

                     (a)  it is not necessary for the plaintiff to prove the defendant’s reason for the alleged action; and

                     (b)  it is a defence if the defendant proves that the action was not motivated (whether in whole or in part) by the alleged reason.

Obligations

             (6)  A reference in this section to an obligation imposed on a trustee or a responsible officer is a reference to an obligation imposed on the trustee or officer by this Act, the regulations or the prudential standards, by the governing rules of the entity concerned or otherwise.

Powers

             (7)  A reference in this section to the powers of a trustee or a responsible officer is a reference to the powers conferred on the trustee or the officer by this Act, the regulations or the prudential standards, by the governing rules of the entity concerned or otherwise.

Civil liability

             (8)  If:

                     (a)  a person (the defendant) commits an act of victimisation against:

                              (i)  a trustee of an employer‑sponsored fund; or

                             (ii)  a responsible officer of a corporate trustee of an employer‑sponsored fund; and

                     (b)  the trustee or officer suffers loss or damage because of the act of victimisation;

the trustee or officer may recover the amount of the loss or damage by action against the defendant.

Special meaning of employee and employer

             (9)  The meaning of the expressions employee and employer, when used in this section, is to be determined as if subsections 12(3) and (8) of the Superannuation Guarantee (Administration) Act 1992 had not been enacted. (Those subsections deem certain contractors to be employees.)

68AA  Benefits for permanent incapacity and death—MySuper members

Requirement to provide permanent incapacity benefit and death benefit by taking out insurance

             (1)  Each trustee of a regulated superannuation fund must ensure the following:

                     (a)  that the fund provides permanent incapacity benefit to each MySuper member of the fund;

                     (b)  that the fund provides death benefit in respect of each MySuper member of the fund;

                     (c)  that the benefits referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b) are provided by taking out insurance.

Note:          A failure to comply with subsection (1) is a breach of a condition of the RSE licence (see paragraph 29E(1)(a)).

             (2)  The trustees of a regulated superannuation fund are not required to provide permanent incapacity benefit or death benefit if the conditions determined under subsection (3) in relation to the benefit are not met.

             (3)  The trustees of a regulated superannuation fund may determine reasonable conditions to which the provision of:

                     (a)  permanent incapacity benefit; or

                     (b)  death benefit;

is subject.

             (4)  Without limiting subsection (3), conditions determined under subsection (3) in relation to a benefit are reasonable if they are the same as the terms and conditions of the policy of insurance taken out to provide the benefit.

Requirement to allow MySuper members to elect not to receive permanent incapacity benefit or death benefit

             (5)  Each trustee of a regulated superannuation fund must ensure that each MySuper member of the fund may elect either or both of the following:

                     (a)  that permanent incapacity benefit will not be provided to the member by the fund;

                     (b)  that death benefit will not be provided in respect of the member by the fund.

Note:          A failure to comply with subsection (5) is a breach of a condition of the RSE licence (see paragraph 29E(1)(a)).

             (6)  The trustees of a regulated superannuation fund may require that MySuper members who wish to make an election in accordance with subsection (5):

                     (a)  must make the election in relation to both permanent incapacity benefit and death benefit; or

                     (b)  must make the election in relation to death benefit if they make the election in relation to permanent incapacity benefit.

             (7)  Subsection (5) does not apply to a MySuper member of a regulated superannuation fund if the circumstances prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this subsection are met.

             (8)  If a MySuper member of a regulated superannuation fund makes an election in accordance with subsection (5) in relation to a benefit, subsection (1) does not apply in relation to the member and the benefit.

             (9)  This section does not apply to a defined benefit member.

Death benefit and permanent incapacity benefit

           (10)  For the purposes of this Act:

death benefit means a benefit provided in respect of a member of a regulated superannuation fund in, and only in, the event of the death of the member.

permanent incapacity benefit means a benefit provided to a member of a regulated superannuation fund if, and only if, the member is suffering permanent incapacity.

68A  Conduct relating to fund membership

             (1)  A trustee of a regulated superannuation fund, or an associate of a trustee of a regulated superannuation fund, must not:

                     (a)  supply, or offer to supply, goods or services to a person; or

                     (b)  supply, or offer to supply, goods or services to a person at a particular price; or

                     (c)  give or allow, or offer to give or allow, a discount, allowance, rebate or credit in relation to the supply, or the proposed supply, of goods or services to a person;

on the condition that one or more of the employees of the person will be, or will apply or agree to be, members of the fund.

             (2)  However, subsection (1) does not apply in relation to a supply of a kind prescribed in the regulations for the purposes of this subsection.

             (3)  A trustee of a regulated superannuation fund, or an associate of a trustee of a regulated superannuation fund, must not refuse:

                     (a)  to supply, or offer to supply, goods or services to a person; or

                     (b)  to supply, or offer to supply, goods or services to a person at a particular price; or

                     (c)  to give or allow, or offer to give or allow, a discount, allowance, rebate or credit in relation to the supply, or the proposed supply, of goods or services to a person;

for the reason that one or more of the employees of the person are not, or have not applied or agreed to be, members of the fund.

             (4)  However, subsection (3) does not apply in relation to a supply of a kind prescribed in the regulations for the purposes of this subsection.

Civil liability

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  a person (the offender) contravenes subsection (1) or (3); and

                     (b)  another person (the victim) suffers loss or damage because of the contravention;

the victim may recover the amount of the loss or damage by action against the offender.

             (6)  The action must be begun within 6 years after the day on which the cause of action arose.

             (7)  This section does not affect any liability that the offender or another person has under any other provision of this Act or under any other law.

68C  Voting by a director of a corporate trustee—governing rules

             (1)  This section applies to a regulated superannuation fund, other than a self managed superannuation fund, of which the trustee is a body corporate.

             (2)  A provision in the governing rules of the fund is void to the extent that it purports to preclude a director of the trustee from voting on a matter relating to the fund.

Exception

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not apply to a provision in the governing rules of the fund to the extent that the provision:

                     (a)  precludes a director of the trustee of the fund from voting on a matter in which the director has a material personal interest; or

                     (b)  otherwise relates to voting by a director of the trustee of the fund on a matter in which the director has a material personal interest; or

                     (c)  precludes a director of the trustee of the fund from voting where there is a conflict of a kind described in paragraph 52(2)(d) or 52A(2)(d); or

                     (d)  otherwise relates to voting by a director of the trustee of the fund where there is a conflict of a kind described in paragraph 52(2)(d) or 52A(2)(d); or

                     (e)  precludes a director of the trustee of the fund from exercising a casting vote; or

                      (f)  ensures compliance by the trustee of the fund, or a director of the trustee of the fund, with a prudential standard that deals with conflicts of interest or duty.

68D  Voting by an individual trustee—governing rules

             (1)  This section applies to a regulated superannuation fund, other than a self managed superannuation fund, of which the trustee, or each of the trustees, is an individual.

             (2)  A provision in the governing rules in the fund is void to the extent that it purports to preclude a trustee of the fund from voting on a matter relating to the fund.

Exception

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not apply to a provision in the governing rules of the fund to the extent that the provision:

                     (a)  precludes a trustee of the fund from voting on a matter in which the trustee has a material personal interest; or

                     (b)  otherwise relates to voting by a trustee of the fund on a matter in which the trustee has a material personal interest; or

                     (c)  precludes a trustee of the fund from voting where there is a conflict of a kind described in paragraph 52(2)(d); or

                     (d)  otherwise relates to voting by a trustee of the fund where there is a conflict of a kind described in paragraph 52(2)(d); or

                     (e)  precludes a trustee of the fund from exercising a casting vote; or

                      (f)  ensures compliance by a trustee of the fund with a prudential standard that deals with conflicts of interest or duty.

Part 8In‑house asset rules applying to regulated superannuation funds

Division 1Object and interpretation

Subdivision AGeneral

69  Object of Part

                   The object of this Part is to set out rules about the level of the in‑house assets of regulated superannuation funds.

69A  Sub‑funds to be treated as funds

                   A sub‑fund within a regulated superannuation fund is taken for the purposes of this Part to be a regulated superannuation fund if the sub‑fund satisfies the following conditions:

                     (a)  the sub‑fund has separately identifiable assets and separately identifiable beneficiaries; and

                     (b)  the interest of each beneficiary of the sub‑fund is determined by reference only to the conditions governing that sub‑fund.

70A  The Regulator may determine a person to be a standard employer‑sponsor

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, the Regulator may determine in writing that a person, who is not a standard employer‑sponsor of a regulated superannuation fund within the meaning of subsection 16(2), is taken to be a standard employer‑sponsor of the fund.

             (2)  If the Regulator makes a determination under subsection (1) or revokes a determination so made, the Regulator must as soon as practicable after making or revoking the determination, inform a trustee of the regulated superannuation fund concerned, in writing, of the making or revocation of the determination.

Subdivision BPart 8 associates

70B  Part 8 associates of individuals

                   For the purposes of this Part, each of the following is a Part 8 associate of an individual (the primary entity), whether or not the primary entity is in the capacity of trustee:

                     (a)  a relative of the primary entity;

                     (b)  if the primary entity is a member of a superannuation fund with fewer than 5 members:

                              (i)  each other member of the fund; and

                             (ii)  if the fund is a single member self managed superannuation fund whose trustee is a company—each director of that company; and

                            (iii)  if the fund is a single member self managed superannuation fund whose trustees are individuals—those individuals;

                     (c)  a partner of the primary entity or a partnership in which the primary entity is a partner;

                     (d)  if a partner of the primary entity is an individual—the spouse or a child of that individual;

                     (e)  a trustee of a trust (in the capacity of trustee of that trust), where the primary entity controls the trust;

                      (f)  a company that is sufficiently influenced by, or in which a majority voting interest is held by:

                              (i)  the primary entity; or

                             (ii)  another entity that is a Part 8 associate of the primary entity because of another paragraph of this section or because of another application of this paragraph; or

                            (iii)  2 or more entities covered by the preceding subparagraphs.

70C  Part 8 associates of companies

                   For the purposes of this Part, each of the following is a Part 8 associate of a company (the primary entity), whether or not the primary entity is in the capacity of trustee:

                     (a)  a partner of the primary entity or a partnership in which the primary entity is a partner;

                     (b)  if a partner of the primary entity is an individual—the spouse or a child of that individual;

                     (c)  a trustee of a trust (in the capacity of trustee of that trust), where the primary entity controls the trust;

                     (d)  another entity (in this paragraph called the controlling entity) where the primary entity is sufficiently influenced by, or a majority voting interest in the primary entity is held by:

                              (i)  the controlling entity; or

                             (ii)  another entity that is a Part 8 associate of the controlling entity because of section 70B or 70D, another paragraph of this section or another application of this paragraph; or

                            (iii)  2 or more entities covered by the preceding subparagraphs;

                     (e)  another company (in this paragraph called the controlled company) where the controlled company is sufficiently influenced by, or where a majority voting interest in the controlled company is held by:

                              (i)  the primary entity; or

                             (ii)  another entity that is a Part 8 associate of the primary entity because of another paragraph of this section or because of another application of this paragraph; or

                            (iii)  2 or more entities covered by the preceding subparagraphs;

                      (f)  if a third entity is a Part 8 associate of the primary entity because of paragraph (d) of this subsection—an entity that is a Part 8 associate of that third entity because of section 70B or 70D or because of another paragraph of this section.

70D  Part 8 associates of partnerships

                   For the purposes of this Part, each of the following is a Part 8 associate of a partnership (the primary entity):

                     (a)  a partner in the partnership;

                     (b)  if a partner in the partnership is an individual—any entity that is a Part 8 associate of that individual because of section 70B;

                     (c)  if a partner in the partnership is a company—any entity that is a Part 8 associate of that company because of section 70C.

70E  Meanings of terms used in sections 70B, 70C and 70D

Sufficient influence/majority voting interest

             (1)  For the purposes of sections 70B, 70C and 70D:

                     (a)  a company is sufficiently influenced by an entity or entities if the company, or a majority of its directors, is accustomed or under an obligation (whether formal or informal), or might reasonably be expected, to act in accordance with the directions, instructions or wishes of the entity or entities (whether those directions, instructions or wishes are, or might reasonably be expected to be, communicated directly or through interposed companies, partnerships or trusts); and

                     (b)  an entity or entities hold a majority voting interest in a company if the entity or entities are in a position to cast, or control the casting of, more than 50% of the maximum number of votes that might be cast at a general meeting of the company.

Control of trust

             (2)  For the purposes of sections 70B, 70C and 70D, an entity controls a trust if:

                     (a)  a group in relation to the entity has a fixed entitlement to more than 50% of the capital or income of the trust; or

                     (b)  the trustee of the trust, or a majority of the trustees of the trust, is accustomed or under an obligation (whether formal or informal), or might reasonably be expected, to act in accordance with the directions, instructions or wishes of a group in relation to the entity (whether those directions, instructions or wishes are, or might reasonably be expected to be, communicated directly or through interposed companies, partnerships or trusts); or

                     (c)  a group in relation to the entity is able to remove or appoint the trustee, or a majority of the trustees, of the trust.

Group in relation to an entity

             (3)  For the purposes of subsection (2):

group, in relation to an entity, means:

                     (a)  the entity acting alone; or

                     (b)  a Part 8 associate of the entity acting alone; or

                     (c)  the entity and one or more Part 8 associates of the entity acting together; or

                     (d)  2 or more Part 8 associates of the entity acting together.

Definitions

             (4)  For the purposes of sections 70B, 70C and 70D:

company has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

partnership has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

Subdivision CIn‑house assets

71  Meaning of in‑house asset

Basic meaning

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, an in‑house asset of a superannuation fund is an asset of the fund that is a loan to, or an investment in, a related party of the fund, an investment in a related trust of the fund, or an asset of the fund subject to a lease or lease arrangement between a trustee of the fund and a related party of the fund, but does not include:

                     (a)  a life policy issued by a life insurance company; or

                     (b)  a deposit with an ADI; or

                     (c)  an investment in a pooled superannuation trust, where a trustee of the fund and the trustee of the pooled superannuation trust acted at arm’s length in relation to the making of that investment; or

                     (d)  an asset of a public sector fund, where the asset consists of an investment in securities issued under the authority of:

                              (i)  the Commonwealth or a government of a State or a Territory; or

                             (ii)  a public authority constituted by or under a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory, where the public authority is neither a standard employer‑sponsor, nor an associate of a standard employer‑sponsor, of the fund; or

                     (e)  an asset which the Regulator, by written notice given to a trustee of the fund, determines is not an in‑house asset of the fund; or

                      (f)  an asset which the Regulator, by legislative instrument, determines is not an in‑house asset of:

                              (i)  any fund; or

                             (ii)  a class of funds in which the fund is included; or

                     (g)  if the superannuation fund has fewer than 5 members—real property subject to a lease, or to a lease arrangement enforceable by legal proceedings, between a trustee of the fund and a related party of the fund, if, throughout the term of the lease or lease arrangement, the property is business real property of the fund; or

                     (h)  an investment in a widely held unit trust; or

                      (i)  property owned by the superannuation fund and a related party as tenants in common, other than property subject to a lease or lease arrangement between a trustee of the fund and a related party; or

                      (j)  an asset included in a class of assets specified in the regulations:

                              (i)  not to be in‑house assets of any fund; or

                             (ii)  not to be in‑house assets of a class of funds to which the fund belongs.

                            For this purpose, a class of assets may consist of, but is not limited to, assets that are investments in entities that undertake, or do not undertake, specified activities.

Widely held trust

          (1A)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(h), a trust is a widely held unit trust if:

                     (a)  it is a unit trust in which entities have fixed entitlements to all of the income and capital of the trust; and

                     (b)  it is not a trust in which fewer than 20 entities between them have:

                              (i)  fixed entitlements to 75% or more of the income of the trust; or

                             (ii)  fixed entitlements to 75% or more of the capital of the trust.

For this purpose, an entity and the Part 8 associates of the entity are taken to be a single entity.

Agreements

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  apart from this subsection, an asset of a fund consists of a loan, an investment or an asset that is subject to a lease or lease arrangement, other than an in‑house asset; and

                     (b)  the loan, investment, lease or lease arrangement was made as a result of entering into or carrying out an agreement; and

                     (c)  any of the persons who entered into or carried out the agreement was aware that the result of carrying out the agreement would be that:

                              (i)  a loan would be made to, an investment would be made in, or an asset would be subject to a lease or lease arrangement with, a related party of the fund; or

                             (ii)  an investment would be made in a related trust of the fund;

then the asset is taken, for the purposes of this Part, to be a loan to, an investment in, or an asset subject to a lease or lease arrangement with, that related party or related trust, as the case requires.

Definition

          (2A)  In subsection (2):

agreement includes any arrangement, understanding, promise or undertaking whether express or implied, and whether or not enforceable, or intended to be enforceable, by legal proceedings.

Exceptions

          (2B)  Subsection (2) does not apply to an investment referred to in paragraph 71(1)(a), (b), (c) or (h).

2 or more persons

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not stop the same asset from being treated as if it were a loan to, an investment in, or an asset subject to a lease or lease arrangement with, 2 or more persons.

The Regulator’s determination

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  apart from this subsection, an asset of a fund consists of a loan, an investment, or an asset subject to a lease or lease arrangement, other than an in‑house asset; and

                     (b)  the Regulator, by written notice given to a trustee of the fund, determines that the asset is to be treated, with effect from the day on which the notice is given, as if the asset were a loan to, an investment in, or an asset subject to a lease or lease arrangement with, a specified related party or related trust of the fund, including a person taken to be a standard employer‑sponsor of the fund under section 70A;

then, despite paragraphs (1)(a) to (j), the asset is taken, for the purposes of this Part, to be a loan to or an investment in the related party or related trust, or an asset subject to a lease or lease agreement between a trustee of the fund and the related party.

Paragraph (1)(e) determinations or paragraph (1)(j) regulations may be retrospective

             (5)  A determination under paragraph (1)(e) or regulations under paragraph (1)(j) may be expressed to have taken effect at a time earlier than the time when the determination or regulations were made.

Public sector superannuation funds

             (7)  For the purposes of applying this section to determine what is an in‑house asset of a public sector superannuation fund, a reference to a Part 8 associate of an employer‑sponsor of the fund is a reference to a body corporate in respect of which either of the following conditions is satisfied:

                     (a)  the body corporate is sufficiently influenced by, or a majority voting interest in the body corporate is held by, the employer‑sponsor;

                     (b)  the employer‑sponsor is sufficiently influenced by, or a majority voting interest in the employer‑sponsor is held by, the body corporate.

Limit on when investments in related trusts are in‑house assets

             (8)  If, at a time:

                     (a)  an asset (the investment asset) of a superannuation fund is an investment in a related trust of the fund; and

                     (b)  the related trust is one described in paragraph 67A(1)(b) in connection with a borrowing, by the trustee of the fund, that is covered by subsection 67A(1); and

                     (c)  the only property of the related trust is the acquirable asset mentioned in that paragraph;

the investment asset is an in‑house asset of the fund at the time only if the acquirable asset mentioned in that paragraph would be an in‑house asset of the fund if it were an asset of the fund at the time.

             (9)  Subsections (1), (2) and (4) have effect subject to subsection (8).

Subdivision DTransitional arrangements in relation to in‑house assets

71A  Exceptions—pre‑11 August 1999 investments and loans

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  at any time (the post‑test time) after the test time, an asset of a superannuation fund consists of:

                              (i)  a loan or an investment made before the test time, or made after the test time under a contract entered into before the test time; or

                             (ii)  a share or unit in a unit trust, if the share, or the unit, as the case requires, was acquired before the test time or under a contract entered into before the test time (notwithstanding any payments on the share or unit made to the issuer of the share or unit after the test time and before 1 July 2009); and

                     (b)  if the asset was an asset of the fund immediately before the test time—it was not an in‑house asset of the fund; and

                     (c)  if the asset was not an asset of the fund immediately before the test time—it would not have been an in‑house asset if it had been an asset of the fund immediately before the test time; and

                     (d)  apart from this Subdivision, the asset would be an in‑house asset of the fund at the post‑test time;

the asset is not an in‑house asset of the fund at the post‑test time.

Payments on partly paid shares and units after 30 June 2009

             (2)  However, if:

                     (a)  the post‑test time is after 30 June 2009; and

                     (b)  the asset consists of a share or a unit in a unit trust; and

                     (c)  one or more payments on the share or unit to the issuer of the share or unit has been made since 30 June 2009;

then:

                     (d)  the asset is an in‑house asset of the fund at the post‑test time; and

                     (e)  subsection (3) applies to the share or unit.

Reduced value for the purposes of working out value of in‑house assets

             (3)  For the purposes of working out the formula component Number of whole dollars in value of in‑house assets of the fund under section 75 at the post‑test time, the value of the share or unit at the post‑test time is taken to be the number of whole dollars in the amount worked out as follows:

where:

excess amount means the total of the amounts that, as at the post‑test time, had been paid after 30 June 2009 on the share or unit to the issuer of the share or unit.

market value of share or unit means the market value of the share or unit as at the post‑test time.

total amount means the total of the amounts that, as at the post‑test time had been paid (whether before or after 30 June 2009) on the share or unit to the issuer of the share or unit.

71B  Exceptions—pre‑11 August 1999 leases and lease arrangements

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  at any time (the posttest time) after the test time, an asset of a superannuation fund consists of an asset subject to a lease, or a lease arrangement, between a trustee of the fund and a related party of the fund; and

                     (b)  the asset was subject to a lease or lease arrangement, or any uninterrupted sequence of leases and lease arrangements, between a trustee of the fund and a related party, throughout the period beginning immediately before the test time and ending at the post‑test time; and

                     (c)  apart from this section, the asset would be an in‑house asset of the fund at the post‑test time;

the asset is not an in‑house asset of the fund at the post‑test time.

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), if:

                     (a)  before the test time, a lease or a lease arrangement enforceable by legal proceedings, in respect of an asset, was entered into between a trustee of a superannuation fund and a related party of the fund; and

                     (b)  the lease or lease arrangement came into force after the test time;

the asset is taken to have been subject to a lease or a lease arrangement, between a trustee of the fund and that related party, immediately before the test time.

71C  Exceptions—transition period

Investments and loans

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  at any time (the pre1 July 2001 time) during the period after the test time but before 1 July 2001, an asset of a superannuation fund consists of a loan or an investment made during the transition period, other than under a contract entered into before the beginning of that period; and

                     (b)  if the asset had been an asset of the fund immediately before the test time—the asset would not have been an in‑house asset of the fund; and

                     (c)  apart from this section, the asset would be an in‑house asset of the fund at the pre‑1 July 2001 time;

the asset is not an in‑house asset of the fund at the pre‑1 July 2001 time. For this purpose, a loan or an investment is not made during the transition period merely because a contract is entered into during that period for the purpose of gaining interest, income, profit or gain.

Leases and lease arrangements

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  at any time (the pre1 July 2001 time) during the period after the test time but before 1 July 2001, an asset of a superannuation fund consists of an asset subject to a lease, or a lease arrangement, between a trustee of the fund and a related party of the fund; and

                     (b)  section 71B does not apply to the asset at the pre‑1 July 2001 time; and

                     (c)  the asset became subject to a lease or lease arrangement between a trustee of the fund and a related party at a time (the transition time) during the transition period; and

                     (d)  the asset was subject to a lease or a lease arrangement, or any uninterrupted sequence of leases and lease arrangements, between a trustee of the fund and a related party, throughout the period beginning at the transition time and ending at the pre‑1 July 2001 time; and

                     (e)  apart from this section, the asset would be an in‑house asset of the fund at the post‑test time;

the asset is not an in‑house asset of the fund at the pre‑1 July 2001 time.

71D  Exception—reinvestments

                   If:

                     (a)  at any time (the posttest time) after the test time, an asset of a superannuation fund consists of an investment (the post‑test time investment) in an entity (the original entity) made during the period:

                              (i)  beginning at the test time; and

                             (ii)  ending at the end of 30 June 2009; and

                     (b)  the post‑test time investment is not covered by section 71A; and

                     (c)  if the fund had made the post‑test time investment immediately before the test time, it would not have been an in‑house asset of the fund; and

                     (d)  the sum of the purchase price of the post‑test time investment and any previous investment to which this section applies does not, at the post‑test time, exceed the sum of the following amounts:

                              (i)  the sum of the amounts of all dividends or trust distributions received after the test time, but before the end of 30 June 2009, by the superannuation fund from the original entity, which were derived from an investment in the original entity made by the fund before the test time;

                             (ii)  the sum of the amounts of all dividends or trust distributions received after the test time, but before the end of 30 June 2009, by the superannuation fund, which were derived from investments of dividends and trust distributions taken into account under subparagraph (i) or this subparagraph;

the asset is not an in‑house asset of the fund at the post‑test time.

71E  Exception—certain geared investments

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  at any time (the post‑test time) after the test time, an asset of a superannuation fund that has fewer than 5 members consists of an investment (the post‑test time investment) in a unit trust or a company (the first entity) made during the period:

                              (i)  beginning at the test time; and

                             (ii)  ending at the end of 30 June 2009; and

                     (b)  immediately before the test time, another asset (other than an in‑house asset) of the superannuation fund consisted of an investment (the prior investment) in the first entity; and

                     (c)  immediately before the test time, an amount (the principal) consisting of the principal of a loan was owed by the first entity to any entity other than the superannuation fund; and

                     (d)  apart from this Subdivision, the post‑test time investment would be an in‑house asset of the fund at the post‑test time; and

                     (e)  the trustee, or the trustees, of the fund makes a written election, within:

                              (i)  the period of 12 months beginning on the day on which this section commenced; or

                             (ii)  such later period as is prescribed by the regulations;

                            that section 71E is to apply to all post‑test time investments of the fund in that entity;

Note:       Under subsection 103(2A), the trustee, or the trustees, of the fund must keep the election, or a copy of it, for 10 years after it is made.

then subsection (2) or (3), as the case requires, applies, and is taken always to have applied, to the post‑test time investment.

Sum of purchase prices of post‑test time investments does not exceed the principal—investment not an in‑house asset

             (2)  The post‑test time investment is not an in‑house asset of the fund at the post‑test time if the sum of the following amounts does not exceed the amount of the principal:

                     (a)  the purchase price of the post‑test time investment;

                     (b)  the purchase price of any previous post‑test time investment in the first entity by the fund.

Sum of purchase prices of post‑test time investments exceeds the principal—formula to be applied

             (3)  If the sum of the following:

                     (a)  the purchase price of the post‑test time investment;

                     (b)  the purchase price of any previous post‑test time investment in the first entity by the fund;

exceeds the amount of the principal, then:

                     (c)  the post‑test time investment is an in‑house asset of the fund at the post‑test time; and

                     (d)  if the post‑test time investment is the first post‑test time investment in respect of which the sum of the amounts referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b) exceeds the amount of the principal—subsection (4) applies to the investment.

Reduced value for the purposes of working out value of in‑house assets

             (4)  For the purposes of working out the formula component Number of whole dollars in value of in‑house assets of the fund under section 75 at the post‑test time, the value of the post‑test time investment at the post‑test time is taken to be the number of whole dollars in the amount worked out as follows:

where:

excess amount means the amount of the excess under subsection (3).

market value of post‑test time investment means the market value of the post‑test time investment as at the post‑test time.

purchase price of post‑test time investment means the purchase price of the post‑test time investment.

Effect of election

             (5)  If the trustee, or the trustees, of a fund make an election under paragraph (1)(e) in respect of the post‑test time investments of the fund in an entity, then:

                     (a)  sections 71A and 71D do not apply, and are taken never to have applied, to any post‑test time investment by the fund in that entity; and

                     (b)  this section applies, and is taken always to have applied, to any post‑test time investment of the fund in that entity.

Note:          This means that if a fund makes an election, this section would apply to all investments in the entity after the test time and before 1 July 2009, and sections 71A and 71D would not apply to such investments.

Application of section to loans

             (6)  A reference in this section to an investment in a trust or company is taken to include a reference to a loan to a trust or company. For this purpose, the purchase price of the loan is taken to be the principal of the loan at the time at which the loan was made.

71EA  Relationship breakdowns

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a trustee or an investment manager of a regulated superannuation fund (the acquiring fund) acquires an asset:

                              (i)  for the benefit of a particular member of the acquiring fund; and

                             (ii)  from a trustee or investment manager of another regulated superannuation fund (the transferring fund); and

                     (b)  at the time of the acquisition:

                              (i)  the member and his or her spouse or former spouse are separated; and

                             (ii)  there is no reasonable likelihood of cohabitation being resumed; and

                     (c)  the acquisition occurs because of reasons directly connected with the breakdown of the relationship between the spouses or former spouses; and

                     (d)  the asset represents the whole, or a part, of either:

                              (i)  the member’s own interests in the transferring fund; or

                             (ii)  the member’s entitlements as determined under Part VIIIB of the Family Law Act 1975 in relation to the interests of the member’s spouse, or former spouse, in the transferring fund.

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), the question whether the spouses, or former spouses, have separated is to be determined in the same way as it is for the purposes of section 48 of the Family Law Act 1975 (as affected by sections 49 and 50 of that Act).

Acquiring fund taken to have always held asset

             (3)  For the purposes of applying this Subdivision to the asset at or after the time (the acquisition time) the trustee or investment manager of the acquiring fund acquires the asset, treat:

                     (a)  the acquisition as having occurred at the time the trustee or investment manager of the transferring fund acquired the asset; and

                     (b)  anything done by, for or in relation to the transferring fund in relation to the asset before the acquisition time as having been done by, for or in relation to the acquiring fund; and

                     (c)  anything done by, for or in relation to the trustee or investment manager of the transferring fund in relation to the asset before the acquisition time as having been done by, for or in relation to the trustee or investment manager of the acquiring fund.

Section 71E elections

             (4)  In addition to their effect apart from this subsection, subsection 103(2A) (duty to keep record of election) and subsection 103(3), to the extent that it relates to subsection 103(2A), also have the effect they would have if subsection (3) of this section applied to them.

Note:          This means that the trustees of both the transferring fund and the acquiring fund must retain, in accordance with subsection 103(2A), any election made under section 71E in relation to the transferring fund before the transfer of the asset.

             (5)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is a trustee of the transferring fund; and

                     (b)  just before the acquisition time, the trustee had a duty under subsection 103(2A) to retain an election, or a copy of an election, under section 71E in relation to the transferring fund; and

                     (c)  the trustee does not, within 14 days after the acquisition time, give the election or copy to a trustee or investment manager of the acquiring fund.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note:          If the trustee gives the election to the acquiring fund, he or she must retain a copy of the election: see subsection (4).

             (6)  An offence against subsection (5) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

71F  Meaning of certain terms used in Subdivision D

                   In this Subdivision:

test time means the end of 11 August 1999.

transition period means the period:

                     (a)  beginning at the test time; and

                     (b)  ending on the day on which this section commenced.

Subdivision EOther provisions in relation to in‑house assets

72  How this Part applies if there are 2 or more employer‑sponsors of whom at least one is an unrelated employer‑sponsor

             (1)  For the purposes of this section:

                     (a)  a standard employer‑sponsor (the first employer‑sponsor) of a superannuation fund is an unrelated employer‑sponsor of the fund if, and only if, there is no other standard employer‑sponsor of the fund who is a Part 8 associate of the first employer‑sponsor; and

                     (b)  2 or more standard employer‑sponsors of a superannuation fund are related to each other if they are Part 8 associates.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section:

                     (a)  the class of the in‑house assets of a fund that corresponds to a particular unrelated employer‑sponsor is the class of in‑house assets that consists of:

                              (i)  loans to, investments in, or assets subject to leases or lease arrangements with, the employer‑sponsor or a Part 8 associate of the employer‑sponsor; or

                             (ii)  loans to, investments in, or assets subject to leases or lease arrangements with, a standard employer‑sponsored member of the fund, in respect of whom the employer‑sponsor contributes to the fund, or a Part 8 associate of such a member; or

                            (iii)  investments in a trust that is controlled by an entity referred to in subparagraph (i) or (ii); and

                     (b)  the class of the in‑house assets of a fund that corresponds to 2 or more employer‑sponsors who are related to each other is the class of in‑house assets that consists of:

                              (i)  loans to, investments in, or assets subject to leases or lease arrangements with, any of them or a Part 8 associate of any of them; or

                             (ii)  loans to, investments in, or assets subject to leases or lease arrangements with, a standard employer‑sponsored member of the fund, in respect of whom any of them contributes to the fund, or a Part 8 associate of such a member; or

                            (iii)  investments in a trust that is controlled by an entity referred to in subparagraph (i) or (ii).

             (3)  Subsections (4) and (5) apply if:

                     (a)  there are 2 or more unrelated employer‑sponsors of a superannuation fund (whether or not there are also any employer‑sponsors of the fund who are related to each other); or

                     (b)  there are 2 or more employer‑sponsors of a superannuation fund who are related to each other and there are also one or more unrelated employer‑sponsors of the fund.

             (4)  This Part does not apply in relation to the fund in relation to the in‑house assets of the fund as a whole.

             (5)  However, this Part applies in relation to the fund separately in relation to each of the corresponding classes of in‑house assets of the fund.

             (6)  This section does not apply to a self managed superannuation fund.

73  Cost of in‑house asset

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, if:

                     (a)  an asset of a superannuation fund was acquired:

                              (i)  without consideration; or

                             (ii)  for consideration other than the arm’s length value of the asset when it was acquired; or

                     (b)  the whole or a part of the consideration for which an asset of a superannuation fund was acquired was not money;

the cost of the asset is taken to be the arm’s length value of the asset when it was acquired.

             (2)  In this section:

arm’s length value, in relation to an asset, means the amount that the acquirer of the asset could reasonably be expected to have been required to pay to acquire the asset under a transaction where the parties to the transaction are dealing with each other at arm’s length in relation to the transaction.

74  Historical cost ratio of fund’s in‑house assets

                   For the purposes of this Part, the historical cost ratio of a fund’s in‑house assets is the percentage worked out using the formula:

75  Market value ratio of fund’s in‑house assets

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, the market value ratio of a fund’s in‑house assets is the percentage worked out using the formula:

             (2)  Where, because of subsections 72(4) and (5), this Part applies separately to each of the corresponding classes of in‑house assets of a superannuation fund, the market value ratio of the in‑house assets of each corresponding class is a percentage worked out using the formula: