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Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006

Authoritative Version
  • - C2014C00030
  • In force - Superseded Version
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Act No. 14 of 2006 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Amendment (Cash Bidding) Act 2013
An Act about petroleum exploration and recovery, and the injection and storage of greenhouse gas substances, in offshore areas, and for other purposes
Administered by: Industry
Registered 09 Jan 2014
Start Date 14 Dec 2013
End Date 30 Jun 2014
Table of contents.

Commonwealth Coat of Arms

Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006

No. 14, 2006 as amended

Compilation start date:                     14 December 2013

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 141, 2013

This compilation has been split into 3 volumes

Volume 1:       sections 1–465

Volume 2:       sections 466–791

Volume 3:       Schedules

                        Endnotes

Each volume has its own contents

 

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006 as in force on 14 December 2013. It includes any commenced amendment affecting the legislation to that date.

This compilation was prepared on 24 December 2013.

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of each amended provision.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not reflected in the text of the compiled law but the text of the amendments is included in the endnotes.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Modifications

If a provision of the compiled law is affected by a modification that is in force, details are included in the endnotes.

Provisions ceasing to have effect

If a provision of the compiled law has expired or otherwise ceased to have effect in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Chapter 4—Registration of transfers of, and dealings in, petroleum titles          1

Part 4.1—Introduction                                                                                                        1

466........ Simplified outline................................................................................ 1

467........ Definitions.......................................................................................... 1

468........ Dealing—series of debentures............................................................ 2

Part 4.2—Register of titles and petroleum special prospecting authorities             3

469........ Register to be kept............................................................................... 3

470........ Entries in Register—general................................................................ 3

471........ Entry in Register—cessation, revocation or expiry of title.................. 5

471A..... Notation in Register—applicable datum.............................................. 6

Part 4.3—Transfer of titles                                                                                              7

472........ Approval and registration of transfers................................................. 7

473........ Application for approval of transfer.................................................... 7

474........ Documents to accompany application................................................. 7

476........ Time limit for application.................................................................... 8

477........ Date of application to be entered in Register....................................... 8

478........ Approval of transfer............................................................................ 8

479........ Registration of transfer........................................................................ 9

480........ Instrument of transfer does not create an interest in the title.............. 10

481........ Limit on effect of approval of transfers............................................. 10

Part 4.4—Devolution of title                                                                                          11

482........ Application to have name entered on the Register as the holder of a title  11

483........ Entry of name in the Register............................................................ 11

Part 4.5—Change in name of company                                                                 12

484........ Application to have new name entered on the Register..................... 12

485........ Alteration in the Register................................................................... 12

Part 4.6—Dealings relating to existing titles                                                         13

486........ Dealings to which this Part applies................................................... 13

487........ Approval and registration of dealings............................................... 14

488........ Application for approval of dealing................................................... 14

489........ Documents to accompany application............................................... 15

491........ Timing of application........................................................................ 16

492........ Application date to be entered in Register......................................... 16

493........ Approval of dealing.......................................................................... 16

494........ Entry of dealing in Register............................................................... 17

495........ Retention, inspection and return of instruments................................ 18

496........ Strict compliance with application provisions not required............... 19

497........ Limit on effect of approval of dealing............................................... 19

Part 4.7—Dealings in future interests                                                                      20

498........ Provisional application for approval of dealing................................. 20

499........ Documents to accompany provisional application............................. 21

501........ Timing of provisional application...................................................... 21

502........ Provisional application to be treated as an application under section 488 when title comes into existence                22

503........ Limit on approval of dealing............................................................. 23

Part 4.8—Correction and rectification of Register                                         24

504........ Corrections of clerical errors or obvious defects............................... 24

505........ General power of correction of Register........................................... 24

506........ Rectification of Register.................................................................... 25

Part 4.9—Information‑gathering powers                                                              27

507........ Titles Administrator may obtain information from applicants........... 27

508........ Titles Administrator may obtain information from a party to an approved dealing   28

509........ Production and inspection of documents........................................... 29

510........ Titles Administrator may retain documents....................................... 31

Part 4.10—Other provisions                                                                                          32

511........ Titles Administrator etc. not concerned with the effect of instrument lodged under this Chapter             32

513........ Making a false entry in a Register..................................................... 32

514........ Falsified documents.......................................................................... 32

515........ Inspection of Register and instruments............................................. 33

516........ Evidentiary provisions...................................................................... 33

516A..... Application fee.................................................................................. 35

Chapter 5—Registration of transfers of, and dealings in, greenhouse gas titles             36

Part 5.1—Introduction                                                                                                      36

518........ Simplified outline.............................................................................. 36

519........ Definitions........................................................................................ 36

520........ Dealing—series of debentures.......................................................... 37

Part 5.2—Register of titles and greenhouse gas search authorities       38

521........ Register to be kept............................................................................. 38

522........ Entries in Register—general.............................................................. 38

523........ Entry in Register—cessation or expiry of title................................... 40

523A..... Notation in Register—applicable datum............................................ 40

Part 5.3—Transfer of titles                                                                                            41

524........ Approval and registration of transfers............................................... 41

525........ Application for approval of transfer.................................................. 41

526........ Documents to accompany application............................................... 41

527........ Time limit for application.................................................................. 42

528........ Date of application to be entered in Register..................................... 42

529........ Approval of transfer.......................................................................... 42

530........ Registration of transfer...................................................................... 44

531........ Instrument of transfer does not create an interest in the title.............. 45

532........ Limit on effect of approval of transfers............................................. 45

Part 5.4—Devolution of title                                                                                          46

533........ Application to have name entered on the Register as the holder of a title  46

534........ Entry of name in the Register............................................................ 46

Part 5.5—Change in name of company                                                                 47

535........ Application to have new name entered on the Register..................... 47

536........ Alteration in the Register................................................................... 47

Part 5.6—Dealings relating to existing titles                                                         48

537........ Dealings to which this Part applies................................................... 48

538........ Approval and registration of dealings............................................... 49

539........ Application for approval of dealing................................................... 49

540........ Documents to accompany application............................................... 50

541........ Timing of application........................................................................ 51

542........ Application date to be entered in Register......................................... 51

543........ Approval of dealing.......................................................................... 51

544........ Entry of dealing in Register............................................................... 52

545........ Retention, inspection and return of instruments................................ 53

546........ Strict compliance with application provisions not required............... 54

547........ Limit on effect of approval of dealing............................................... 54

Part 5.7—Dealings in future interests                                                                      55

548........ Provisional application for approval of dealing................................. 55

549........ Documents to accompany provisional application............................. 56

550........ Timing of provisional application...................................................... 56

551........ Provisional application to be treated as an application under section 539 when title comes into existence                57

552........ Limit on approval of dealing............................................................. 58

Part 5.8—Correction and rectification of Register                                         59

553........ Corrections of clerical errors or obvious defects............................... 59

554........ General power of correction of Register........................................... 59

555........ Rectification of Register.................................................................... 60

Part 5.9—Information‑gathering powers                                                              62

556........ Titles Administrator may obtain information from applicants........... 62

557........ Titles Administrator may obtain information from a party to an approved dealing   63

558........ Production and inspection of documents........................................... 64

559........ Titles Administrator may retain documents....................................... 66

Part 5.10—Other provisions                                                                                          67

560........ Titles Administrator not concerned with the effect of instrument lodged under this Chapter    67

562........ Making a false entry in the Register.................................................. 67

563........ Falsified documents.......................................................................... 67

564........ Inspection of Register and instruments............................................. 68

565........ Evidentiary provisions...................................................................... 68

565A..... Application fee.................................................................................. 70

Chapter 6—Administration                                                                              71

Part 6.1—Operations                                                                                                         71

567........ Simplified outline.............................................................................. 71

568........ Commencement of works or operations............................................ 71

569........ Work practices.................................................................................. 72

570........ Work practices.................................................................................. 76

571........ Financial assurance—petroleum titles............................................... 80

571A..... Insurance—greenhouse gas titles...................................................... 82

572........ Maintenance and removal of property etc. by titleholder................... 83

Part 6.1A—Polluter pays                                                                                                 86

Division 1—General                                                                                                    86

572A..... Simplified outline.............................................................................. 86

572B..... Relationship with significant offshore petroleum incident directions 87

Division 2—Polluter pays                                                                                         88

572C..... Escape of petroleum—titleholder’s duty........................................... 88

572D..... Escape of petroleum—reimbursement of NOPSEMA...................... 89

572E...... Escape of petroleum—reimbursement of responsible Commonwealth Minister      89

572F...... Escape of petroleum—reimbursement of State or Northern Territory 90

Part 6.2—Directions relating to petroleum                                                           92

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                                92

573........ Simplified outline.............................................................................. 92

Division 2—General power to give directions                                              94

574........ General power to give directions—NOPSEMA............................... 94

574A..... General power to give directions—responsible Commonwealth Minister                97

574B..... Directions may extend outside of title area...................................... 100

575........ Notification of a direction that has an extended application............. 100

576........ Compliance with direction............................................................... 102

Division 2A—Directions for significant offshore petroleum incidents 104

576A..... Directions for significant offshore petroleum incidents—definitions for Division 2A             104

576B..... Directions for significant offshore petroleum incidents—NOPSEMA power to give directions             105

576C..... Directions for significant offshore petroleum incidents—related matters 107

576D..... Directions for significant offshore petroleum incidents—compliance 108

Division 3—NOPSEMA or the responsible Commonwealth Minister may take action if there is a breach of a direction                                                                                       109

577........ NOPSEMA may take action if there is a breach of a direction........ 109

577A..... Responsible Commonwealth Minister may take action if there is a breach of a direction         110

Division 4—Defence of taking reasonable steps to comply with a direction       112

578........ Defence of taking reasonable steps to comply with a direction....... 112

Part 6.3—Directions relating to greenhouse gas                                             113

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              113

579........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 113

Division 2—General power to give directions                                            114

580........ General power to give directions..................................................... 114

581........ Notification of a direction that has an extended application............. 116

582........ Compliance with directions............................................................. 117

Division 3—Responsible Commonwealth Minister may take action if there is a breach of a direction                                                                                                                    119

583........ Responsible Commonwealth Minister may take action if there is a breach of a direction         119

Division 4—Defence of taking reasonable steps to comply with a direction       121

584........ Defence of taking reasonable steps to comply with a direction....... 121

Part 6.4—Restoration of the environment                                                          122

Division 1—Petroleum                                                                                             122

585........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 122

585A..... Remedial directions for petroleum—power to issue directions under different provisions       123

586........ Remedial directions to current holders of permits, leases and licences—NOPSEMA              123

586A..... Remedial directions to current holders of permits, leases and licences—responsible Commonwealth Minister       126

587........ Remedial directions to former holders of permits, leases, licences and authorities etc.—NOPSEMA     129

587A..... Remedial directions to former holders of permits, leases, licences and authorities etc.—responsible Commonwealth Minister........................................................................................... 132

588........ NOPSEMA may take action if a direction has been breached......... 134

589........ Removal, disposal or sale of property by NOPSEMA—breach of direction           135

590........ Removal, disposal or sale of property—limitation of action etc...... 137

590A..... Responsible Commonwealth Minister may take action if a direction has been breached          138

Division 2—Greenhouse gas                                                                                 139

591........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 139

591A..... Remedial directions for greenhouse gas—power to issue directions under different provisions              139

592........ Remedial directions to current holders of permits, leases and licences 140

593........ Site closing directions to current holders of greenhouse gas injection licences         142

594........ Consultation—directions to do something outside the licence area. 146

595........ Remedial directions to former holders of permits, leases, licences and authorities etc.             147

596........ Responsible Commonwealth Minister may take action if a direction has been breached          150

597........ Removal, disposal or sale of property by responsible Commonwealth Minister—breach of direction     151

598........ Removal, disposal or sale of property—limitation of action etc...... 153

Part 6.5—Offences and enforcement                                                                     155

Division 1—Petroleum                                                                                             155

599........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 155

600........ Appointment of petroleum project inspectors.................................. 155

601........ Monitoring powers of petroleum project inspectors........................ 157

602........ Warrants to enter residential premises............................................. 160

603........ Interfering with offshore petroleum installations or operations....... 161

604........ Forfeiture orders etc........................................................................ 162

Division 2—Greenhouse gas                                                                                 164

605........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 164

606........ Appointment of greenhouse gas project inspectors......................... 164

607........ Monitoring powers of greenhouse gas project inspectors............... 165

608........ Warrants to enter residential premises............................................. 168

609........ Interfering with greenhouse gas installations or operations............. 169

610........ Forfeiture orders etc........................................................................ 170

Division 3—Time for bringing proceedings for offences                       171

611........ Time for bringing proceedings for offences.................................... 171

Part 6.6—Safety zones and the area to be avoided                                       172

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        172

612........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 172

613........ Simplified map of the area to which Schedule 2 applies.................. 173

614........ Definitions...................................................................................... 174

615........ Authorised persons......................................................................... 178

Division 2—Petroleum safety zones                                                                  179

616........ Petroleum safety zones.................................................................... 179

Division 3—Greenhouse gas safety zones                                                     181

617........ Greenhouse gas safety zones.......................................................... 181

Division 4—Unauthorised vessel not to enter area to be avoided    183

618........ NOPSEMA may authorise entry into area to be avoided................ 183

619........ Unauthorised vessel not to enter area to be avoided........................ 183

Division 5—Powers of authorised persons                                                    186

620........ Requirement to move vessel etc...................................................... 186

621........ Other powers of authorised persons............................................... 187

622........ Warrants.......................................................................................... 190

623........ Exercise of powers in serious circumstances.................................. 191

Part 6.7—Collection of fees and royalties                                                           192

Division 3—Royalties payable under the Royalty Act                           192

631........ When royalty due for payment........................................................ 192

632........ When adjusted amount due for payment......................................... 192

633........ Late payment penalty....................................................................... 193

634........ Recovery of royalty debts............................................................... 193

635........ Amounts payable to the Titles Administrator.................................. 194

Division 4—Fees payable under this Act                                                        195

636........ Fees payable under this Act............................................................ 195

Part 6.8—Occupational health and safety                                                          196

637........ Occupational health and safety........................................................ 196

638........ Listed OHS laws............................................................................. 196

639........ Regulations relating to occupational health and safety..................... 197

640........ Commonwealth maritime legislation does not apply in relation to facilities located in offshore areas       197

641........ Commonwealth maritime legislation does not apply in relation to facilities located in designated coastal waters     198

Part 6.9—National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority   200

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        200

642........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 200

643........ Definitions...................................................................................... 201

644........ Designated coastal waters............................................................... 206

Division 2—Establishment, functions and powers of NOPSEMA     208

645........ National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority    208

646........ NOPSEMA’s functions.................................................................. 208

646A..... Limits on functions conferred on NOPSEMA................................ 212

647........ Policy principles.............................................................................. 214

648........ NOPSEMA’s ordinary powers...................................................... 214

649........ References to functions and powers of NOPSEMA....................... 215

650........ Additional functions and powers.................................................... 215

652........ NOPSEMA is a body corporate..................................................... 218

Division 3—National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority Board                                                                                                                    220

Subdivision A—Establishment, functions and membership                        220

653........ National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority Board          220

654........ Functions of the Board.................................................................... 220

655........ Powers of the Board....................................................................... 222

656........ Membership.................................................................................... 222

Subdivision B—Board procedures                                                                    223

657........ Board procedures............................................................................ 223

Subdivision C—Terms and conditions for Board members                       223

658........ Term of appointment and related matters for Board members......... 223

659........ Remuneration and allowances of Board members........................... 224

660........ Leave of absence of Board members............................................... 224

661........ Resignation of Board members....................................................... 224

662........ Termination of appointment of Board members.............................. 225

663........ Other terms and conditions of Board members............................... 225

664........ Acting Board members................................................................... 226

Division 4—Chief Executive Officer and staff of NOPSEMA            227

665........ Appointment of the CEO................................................................ 227

666........ Duties of the CEO........................................................................... 227

667........ Working with the Board.................................................................. 227

668........ Remuneration and allowances of the CEO...................................... 228

669........ Leave of absence of the CEO.......................................................... 228

670........ Resignation of the CEO.................................................................. 228

671........ Notification of possible conflict of interest by CEO........................ 229

672........ Termination of CEO’s appointment................................................ 229

673........ Other terms and conditions............................................................. 230

674........ Acting appointments....................................................................... 230

675........ Delegation by CEO......................................................................... 231

676........ Staff of NOPSEMA....................................................................... 231

677........ Consultants and persons seconded to NOPSEMA......................... 231

Division 5—Corporate plans                                                                                233

678........ Corporate plans............................................................................... 233

679........ Responsible Commonwealth Minister’s response to corporate plan 234

Division 6—OHS inspectors                                                                                  235

680........ Appointment of OHS inspectors..................................................... 235

681........ Identity cards................................................................................... 235

Division 7—National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority Special Account                                                                                                  237

682........ National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority Special Account          237

683........ Credits to the Account..................................................................... 237

684........ Purposes of the Account................................................................. 239

Division 8—Other financial matters                                                                 240

685........ Fees for expenses incurred by NOPSEMA.................................... 240

686........ Safety investigation levy................................................................. 240

687........ Safety case levy............................................................................... 241

688........ Well investigation levy.................................................................... 243

688A..... Annual well levy............................................................................. 244

688B..... Well activity levy............................................................................. 244

688C..... Environment plan levy.................................................................... 245

689........ Liability to taxation.......................................................................... 246

Division 9—Miscellaneous                                                                                     247

690........ Annual reports................................................................................ 247

691........ Ministers may require NOPSEMA to prepare reports or give information              248

692........ Responsible Commonwealth Minister may give directions to NOPSEMA             249

693........ Prosecutions by the Director of Public Prosecutions under mirror provisions         251

694........ Fair Work Commission may exercise powers under mirror provisions 251

695........ Reviews of operations of NOPSEMA............................................ 252

695AA.. NOPSEMA—consultations............................................................ 253

Part 6.10—National Offshore Petroleum Titles Administrator             254

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        254

695AB.. Simplified outline............................................................................ 254

Division 2—National Offshore Petroleum Titles Administrator       255

695A..... National Offshore Petroleum Titles Administrator.......................... 255

695B..... Functions of the Titles Administrator.............................................. 255

695C..... Acting Titles Administrator............................................................. 257

695D..... Delegation by the Titles Administrator............................................ 258

695E...... Titles Administrator to be assisted by APS employees in the Department               258

695F...... Other persons assisting the Titles Administrator............................. 258

695G..... Consultants..................................................................................... 259

Division 3—National Offshore Petroleum Titles Administrator Special Account           260

695H..... National Offshore Petroleum Titles Administrator Special Account 260

695J...... Credits to the Account..................................................................... 260

695K..... Purposes of the Account and transfers to general CRF................... 261

Division 4—Other financial matters                                                                 262

695L...... Fees................................................................................................. 262

695M.... Annual titles administration levy..................................................... 262

Division 5—Miscellaneous                                                                                     264

695N..... Annual report.................................................................................. 264

695P...... Reviews of activities of Titles Administrator.................................. 264

695Q..... Judicial notice of signature of Titles Administrator......................... 266

695R..... Communications with responsible Commonwealth Minister.......... 266

Part 6.11—Using and sharing offshore information and things           267

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        267

695S...... Simplified outline............................................................................ 267

695T...... Definitions...................................................................................... 267

695U..... Scope of Part................................................................................... 268

Division 2—NOPSEMA’s use of offshore information or things      270

695V..... Purposes for which NOPSEMA may use offshore information or things               270

Division 3—Sharing offshore information or things                                271

695W.... Sharing offshore information or things for the purposes of this Act 271

695X..... CEO of NOPSEMA may share offshore information or things with other agencies               271

695Y..... Personal information....................................................................... 272

Chapter 7—Information relating to petroleum                         273

Part 7.1—Data management and gathering of information                    273

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        273

696........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 273

Division 2—Data management                                                                            274

697........ Direction to keep records................................................................ 274

698........ Regulations about data management................................................ 275

Division 3—Information‑gathering powers                                                  277

699........ Titles Administrator or petroleum project inspector may obtain information and documents   277

700........ Copying documents—reasonable compensation............................. 279

701........ Power to examine on oath or affirmation........................................ 279

702........ Self‑incrimination............................................................................ 279

703........ Copies of documents....................................................................... 280

704........ Titles Administrator or petroleum project inspector may retain documents              280

705........ False or misleading information...................................................... 281

706........ False or misleading documents....................................................... 281

707........ False or misleading evidence........................................................... 281

707A..... Directions by Titles Administrator.................................................. 282

Part 7.2—Release of regulatory information                                                    283

708........ Notifiable events—Gazette notice................................................... 283

709........ Titles Administrator to make documents available to responsible Commonwealth Minister    284

Part 7.3—Release of technical information                                                        285

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        285

710........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 285

711........ Definitions...................................................................................... 285

Division 2—Protection of confidentiality of information and samples 287

Subdivision A—Information and samples obtained by the Titles Administrator          287

712........ Protection of confidentiality of documentary information obtained by the Titles Administrator               287

713........ Protection of confidentiality of petroleum mining samples obtained by the Titles Administrator             287

714........ Titles Administrator may make information or samples available to a Minister, a State Minister or a Northern Territory Minister........................................................................................... 288

Subdivision B—Information and samples obtained by a Minister            288

715........ Protection of confidentiality of information obtained by a Minister 288

716........ Protection of confidentiality of petroleum mining samples obtained by a Minister   289

Subdivision C—Miscellaneous                                                                            289

717........ Fees................................................................................................. 289

718........ Review by Minister......................................................................... 290

719........ Privacy Act..................................................................................... 290

Division 3—Copyright                                                                                             291

720........ Publishing or making copies of applicable documents not an infringement of copyright         291

Division 4—Release of technical information given to the Designated Authority before 7 March 2000                                                                                                                    292

721........ Release of technical information given to the Designated Authority before 7 March 2000      292

Chapter 8—Information relating to greenhouse gas           293

Part 8.1—Data management and gathering of information                    293

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        293

722........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 293

Division 2—Data management                                                                            294

723........ Direction to keep records................................................................ 294

724........ Regulations about data management................................................ 295

Division 3—Information‑gathering powers                                                  297

725........ Titles Administrator or greenhouse gas project inspector may obtain information and documents           297

726........ Copying documents—reasonable compensation............................. 299

727........ Power to examine on oath or affirmation........................................ 299

728........ Self‑incrimination............................................................................ 299

729........ Copies of documents....................................................................... 300

730........ Titles Administrator or greenhouse gas project inspector may retain documents      300

731........ False or misleading information...................................................... 300

732........ False or misleading documents....................................................... 301

733........ False or misleading evidence........................................................... 301

733A..... Directions by Titles Administrator.................................................. 302

Part 8.2—Release of regulatory information                                                    303

734........ Notifiable events—Gazette notice................................................... 303

734A..... Titles Administrator to make documents available to responsible Commonwealth Minister    304

Part 8.3—Release of technical information                                                        305

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        305

735........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 305

736........ Definitions...................................................................................... 305

737........ Documents and samples given to the responsible Commonwealth Minister            306

Division 2—Protection of confidentiality of information and samples 308

Subdivision A—Information and samples obtained by the responsible Commonwealth Minister or the Titles Administrator                                                                            308

738........ Protection of confidentiality of documentary information obtained by the responsible Commonwealth Minister or the Titles Administrator........................................................................ 308

739........ Protection of confidentiality of eligible samples obtained by the responsible Commonwealth Minister or the Titles Administrator.................................................................................. 308

740........ Responsible Commonwealth Minister or the Titles Administrator may make information or samples available to a Minister, a State Minister or a Northern Territory Minister............ 309

Subdivision B—Miscellaneous                                                                            309

741........ Fees................................................................................................. 309

742........ Privacy Act..................................................................................... 310

Division 3—Copyright                                                                                             311

743........ Publishing or making copies of applicable documents not an infringement of copyright         311

Chapter 9—Miscellaneous                                                                                312

Part 9.1—Review of decisions                                                                                    312

744........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 312

745........ Definitions...................................................................................... 312

747........ Review of reviewable Ministerial decision...................................... 313

747A..... Review of reviewable Titles Administrator decision....................... 313

Part 9.2—Expert advisory committees                                                                  314

748........ Establishment of expert advisory committees.................................. 314

749........ Function of expert advisory committees.......................................... 314

750........ Appointment of expert advisory committee members etc................ 316

751........ Procedures of expert advisory committees...................................... 316

752........ Remuneration and allowances......................................................... 317

753........ Leave of absence............................................................................. 317

754........ Resignation..................................................................................... 318

755........ Disclosure of interests to the responsible Commonwealth Minister 318

756........ Disclosure of interests to an expert advisory committee.................. 318

757........ Other terms and conditions............................................................. 319

758........ Protection of information................................................................ 319

Part 9.3—Information relevant to the making of designated agreements               321

Division 1—Information‑gathering powers                                                  321

759........ Responsible Commonwealth Minister may obtain information and documents       321

760........ Copying documents—reasonable compensation............................. 323

761........ Self‑incrimination............................................................................ 323

762........ Copies of documents....................................................................... 323

763........ Responsible Commonwealth Minister may retain documents......... 323

764........ False or misleading information...................................................... 324

765........ False or misleading documents....................................................... 324

Division 2—Protection of information etc.                                                   326

766........ Protection of information................................................................ 326

767........ Disclosure of information to titleholder etc..................................... 326

Part 9.4—Liability for acts and omissions                                                          328

768........ Liability for acts and omissions....................................................... 328

Part 9.5—Jurisdiction of courts                                                                                330

769........ Jurisdiction of State courts.............................................................. 330

770........ Jurisdiction of Territory courts........................................................ 330

Part 9.6A—Multiple titleholders                                                                               331

Division 1—Eligible voluntary action by multiple titleholders           331

775A..... Definitions...................................................................................... 331

775B..... Eligible voluntary action by multiple holders of a petroleum title.... 332

775C..... Eligible voluntary action by multiple holders of a greenhouse gas title 334

Division 2—Obligations of multiple titleholders                                         336

775D..... Obligations of multiple holders of a petroleum title......................... 336

775E...... Obligations of multiple holders of a greenhouse gas title................ 337

Part 9.7—Publication in Gazette                                                                              338

776........ Publication in Gazette—State or external Territory......................... 338

777........ Publication in Gazette—Northern Territory.................................... 338

Part 9.8—Delegation by responsible Commonwealth Minister             339

778........ Delegation by responsible Commonwealth Minister....................... 339

Part 9.9—Public interest                                                                                                341

779........ Public interest.................................................................................. 341

Part 9.10—Compensation for acquisition of property                                342

780........ Compensation for acquisition of property....................................... 342

Part 9.10A—Inquiries into significant offshore incidents                         343

780A..... Appointment of Commissioner....................................................... 343

780B..... Hearings.......................................................................................... 345

780C..... Commissioner not bound by the rules of evidence.......................... 345

780D..... Departmental officers...................................................................... 345

780E...... Application of the Royal Commissions Act 1902............................ 346

780F...... Conferral of inspection powers....................................................... 346

780G..... Application of laws relating to disclosure....................................... 349

Part 9.10B—Personal property securities                                                           350

780H..... Titles, and interests etc. in titles, are not personal property for the purposes of the Personal Property Securities Act 2009........................................................................................................ 350

Part 9.11—Regulations                                                                                                   351

781........ Regulations..................................................................................... 351

782........ Regulations dealing with specific matters........................................ 351

782A..... Regulations—service of documents................................................ 355

783........ Regulations may provide for matters by reference to codes of practice or standards                355

784........ Unconditional or conditional prohibition......................................... 356

785........ Regulations not limited by conditions provisions............................ 356

786........ Exercise of Australia’s rights under international law—petroleum in the continental shelf      356

787........ Exercise of Australia’s rights under international law—injection and storage of greenhouse gas substances in the continental shelf.............................................................................. 356

788........ Exercise of Australia’s rights under international law—petroleum within territorial limits       357

789........ Exercise of Australia’s rights under international law—injection and storage of greenhouse gas substances within territorial limits................................................................................ 357

790........ Offences.......................................................................................... 358

Part 9.12—Transitional provisions                                                                          359

791........ Transitional provisions.................................................................... 359


Chapter 4Registration of transfers of, and dealings in, petroleum titles

Part 4.1Introduction

  

466  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Chapter:

•      The Titles Administrator must keep a Register, for each offshore area, of petroleum titles and petroleum special prospecting authorities that relate to that offshore area.

•      A transfer of a petroleum title must be approved by the Titles Administrator, and an instrument of transfer must be registered under this Part.

•      A dealing in a petroleum title must be approved by the Titles Administrator, and the approval must be entered in the relevant Register.

467  Definitions

                   In this Chapter:

Register means a Register kept under section 469.

relevant Register:

                     (a)  in relation to a title or a petroleum special prospecting authority—means the Register for the offshore area to which the title or petroleum special prospecting authority relates; or

                     (b)  in relation to a notice under subsection 191(5), (6) or (7) that relates to a petroleum pool that is wholly or partly situated in an offshore area—means the Register for the offshore area.

title means:

                     (a)  a petroleum exploration permit; or

                     (b)  a petroleum retention lease; or

                     (c)  a petroleum production licence; or

                     (d)  an infrastructure licence; or

                     (e)  a pipeline licence; or

                      (f)  a petroleum access authority.

468  Dealing—series of debentures

                   For the purposes of this Chapter, if a dealing forms a part of the issue of a series of debentures, all of the dealings constituting the issue of that series of debentures are taken to be one dealing.

Part 4.2Register of titles and petroleum special prospecting authorities

  

469  Register to be kept

                   The Titles Administrator must keep a Register, for each offshore area, of:

                     (a)  titles; and

                     (b)  petroleum special prospecting authorities;

relating to the offshore area.

470  Entries in Register—general

Memorial

             (1)  The Titles Administrator must enter in the relevant Register a memorial for each title and petroleum special prospecting authority.

             (2)  The memorial must comply with the table:

 

Content of memorial

Item

In the case of...

the memorial must...

1

a title or petroleum special prospecting authority

specify the name of the holder of the title or petroleum special prospecting authority.

2

a petroleum exploration permit, petroleum retention lease, petroleum production licence, petroleum special prospecting authority or petroleum access authority

set out an accurate description (including, where convenient, a map) of the permit area, lease area, licence area or authority area.

3

an infrastructure licence

set out details of the licence area.

4

a pipeline licence

set out an accurate description of the route of the pipeline.

5

a title or petroleum special prospecting authority

specify the term of the title or petroleum special prospecting authority.

6

a title or petroleum special prospecting authority

set out such other matters and things as are required by this Act to be entered in the Register.

7

a title or petroleum special prospecting authority

set out such further matters relating to the registered holder, or to the conditions of the title or petroleum special prospecting authority, as the Titles Administrator thinks proper and expedient in the public interest.

             (3)  The Titles Administrator must enter in the relevant Register a memorial of:

                     (a)  a notice or instrument:

                              (i)  varying; or

                             (ii)  cancelling (to any extent); or

                            (iii)  surrendering (to any extent); or

                            (iv)  otherwise affecting;

                            a title or petroleum special prospecting authority; or

                     (b)  a notice under subsection 191(5), (6) or (7); or

                     (c)  a notice or instrument varying or revoking a notice or instrument referred to in paragraph (a) or (b).

Note 1:       Subparagraph (a)(iv) would cover, for example, a notice terminating a petroleum production licence, infrastructure licence or pipeline licence, or a notice revoking a petroleum retention lease or petroleum access authority.

Note 2:       Subsections 191(5), (6) and (7) deal with unit development.

Copy of title may be entered instead of memorial

             (4)  It is a sufficient compliance with the requirements of subsection (1), (2) or (3) if the Titles Administrator enters a copy of the title, petroleum special prospecting authority, notice or instrument in the relevant Register.

Date of entry to be endorsed

             (5)  The Titles Administrator must endorse on:

                     (a)  the memorial; or

                     (b)  the copy of the title, petroleum special prospecting authority, notice or instrument;

a memorandum of the date on which the memorial or copy was entered in the relevant Register.

471  Entry in Register—cessation, revocation or expiry of title

                   If an event specified in the table happens, the Titles Administrator must enter in the relevant Register a memorial of the fact.

 

Cessation of title etc.

Item

Event

1

A petroleum exploration permit or petroleum retention lease ceases to be in force over a block in relation to which a petroleum production licence is granted.

2

A petroleum exploration permit ceases to be in force over a block in relation to which a petroleum retention lease is granted.

3

A petroleum exploration permit is wholly or partly revoked.

4

A petroleum retention lease is wholly or partly revoked otherwise than under section 158.

5

A petroleum exploration permit, petroleum retention lease, petroleum production licence, petroleum special prospecting authority or petroleum access authority expires.

471A  Notation in Register—applicable datum

                   The Titles Administrator may make a notation in the relevant Register about the applicable datum for a title, petroleum special prospecting authority, notice or instrument.

Part 4.3Transfer of titles

  

472  Approval and registration of transfers

                   A transfer of a title is of no force until:

                     (a)  it has been approved by the Titles Administrator; and

                     (b)  an instrument of transfer is registered as provided by this Part.

473  Application for approval of transfer

             (1)  One of the parties to a proposed transfer of a title may apply to the Titles Administrator for approval of the transfer.

             (2)  The application must be in writing.

Note:          Section 516A requires the application to be accompanied by an application fee.

474  Documents to accompany application

                   An application for approval of a transfer must be accompanied by:

                     (a)  an instrument of transfer in the prescribed form executed by:

                              (i)  the registered holder or, if there are 2 or more registered holders, by each registered holder; and

                             (ii)  the transferee or, if there are 2 or more transferees, by each transferee; and

                     (b)  if the transferee, or one or more of the transferees, is not a registered holder or are not registered holders of the title—a document setting out:

                              (i)  the technical qualifications of that transferee or those transferees; and

                             (ii)  details of the technical advice that is or will be available to that transferee or those transferees; and

                            (iii)  details of the financial resources that are or will be available to that transferee or those transferees; and

                     (d)  in any case—a copy of each of the following:

                              (i)  the application;

                             (ii)  the instrument referred to in paragraph (a);

                            (iii)  the document referred to in paragraph (b).

476  Time limit for application

             (1)  An application for approval of a transfer must be made within:

                     (a)  90 days after the day on which the party who last executed the instrument of transfer so executed the instrument of transfer; or

                     (b)  such longer period as the Titles Administrator allows.

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may allow a longer period under paragraph (1)(b) only if there are sufficient grounds to warrant allowing the longer period.

477  Date of application to be entered in Register

                   If an application is made for approval of a transfer, the Titles Administrator:

                     (a)  must enter a memorandum in the relevant Register of the date on which the application was lodged; and

                     (b)  may make such other notation in the relevant Register as the Titles Administrator considers appropriate.

478  Approval of transfer

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an application is made for approval of a transfer.

Decision

             (2)  The Titles Administrator must:

                     (a)  approve the transfer; or

                     (b)  refuse to approve the transfer.

             (4)  The Titles Administrator must, by written notice given to the applicant, notify the applicant of the Titles Administrator’s decision.

             (5)  If the Titles Administrator refuses to approve the transfer, the Titles Administrator must make a notation of the refusal in the relevant Register.

479  Registration of transfer

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if the Titles Administrator approves the transfer of a title.

Endorsement

             (2)  The Titles Administrator must immediately endorse on:

                     (a)  the instrument of transfer; and

                     (b)  the copy of the instrument of transfer;

a memorandum of approval.

             (3)  The Titles Administrator must enter in the relevant Register a memorandum of:

                     (a)  the transfer; and

                     (b)  the name of the transferee or of each transferee.

             (4)  On the entry in the relevant Register of the memorandum:

                     (a)  the transfer is taken to be registered; and

                     (b)  the transferee becomes the registered holder, or the transferees become the registered holders, of the title.

             (5)  If the transfer is registered:

                     (a)  the copy of the instrument of transfer endorsed with the memorandum of approval must be:

                              (i)  retained by the Titles Administrator; and

                             (ii)  made available for inspection in accordance with this Chapter; and

                     (b)  the instrument of transfer endorsed with the memorandum of approval must be returned to the person who applied for approval of the transfer.

480  Instrument of transfer does not create an interest in the title

                   The mere execution of an instrument of transfer of a title creates no interest in the title.

481  Limit on effect of approval of transfers

                   The approval of a transfer of a title does not give to the transfer any force, effect or validity that the transfer would not have had if this Chapter had not been enacted.

Part 4.4Devolution of title

  

482  Application to have name entered on the Register as the holder of a title

             (1)  If the rights of the registered holder of a particular title have devolved on a person by operation of law, the person may apply to the Titles Administrator to have the person’s name entered in the relevant Register as the holder of the title.

             (2)  The application must be in writing.

483  Entry of name in the Register

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an application is made under section 482 in relation to a title.

Entry in Register

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the Titles Administrator is satisfied that the rights of the holder have devolved on the applicant by operation of law; and

                     (b)  the applicant has paid the prescribed fee;

the Titles Administrator must enter the name of the applicant in the relevant Register as the holder of the title.

             (3)  On that entry being made, the applicant becomes the registered holder of the title.

Part 4.5Change in name of company

  

484  Application to have new name entered on the Register

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a company is the registered holder of a particular title; and

                     (b)  the company has changed its name;

the company may apply to the Titles Administrator to have its new name substituted for its previous name in the relevant Register in relation to that title.

             (2)  The application must be in writing.

485  Alteration in the Register

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a company applies under section 484 to have its new name substituted for its previous name in the relevant Register in relation to a particular title.

Alteration

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the Titles Administrator is satisfied that the company has changed its name; and

                     (b)  the company has paid the prescribed fee;

the Titles Administrator must make the necessary alterations in the relevant Register.

Part 4.6Dealings relating to existing titles

  

486  Dealings to which this Part applies

                   This Part applies to a dealing (other than a transfer of a title) that would have one or more of the effects set out in the table:

 

Effects of dealings

Item

Effect

1

The creation or assignment of an interest in an existing title.

2

The creation or assignment of a right (conditional or otherwise) to the assignment of an interest in an existing title.

3

The determination of the manner in which persons may:

(a) exercise the rights conferred by an existing title; or

(b) comply with the obligations imposed by an existing title; or

(c) comply with the conditions of an existing title;

(including the exercise of those rights, or the compliance with those obligations or conditions, under cooperative arrangements to recover petroleum).

4

The creation or assignment of an interest in relation to an existing petroleum exploration permit, petroleum retention lease or petroleum production licence, where the interest is known as:

(a) an overriding royalty interest; or

(b) a production payment; or

(c) a net profits interest; or

(d) a carried interest.

5

The creation or assignment of an interest that is similar to an interest covered by item 4, where the interest relates to:

(a) petroleum produced from operations authorised by an existing petroleum exploration permit, petroleum retention lease or petroleum production licence; or

(b) revenue derived as a result of the carrying out of operations authorised by an existing petroleum exploration permit, petroleum retention lease or petroleum production licence.

6

The creation or assignment of an option (conditional or otherwise) to enter into a dealing, where the dealing would have one or more of the effects referred to in items 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5.

7

The creation or assignment of a right (conditional or otherwise) to enter into a dealing, where the dealing would have one or more of the effects referred to in items 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5.

8

The alteration or termination of a dealing, where the dealing would have one or more of the effects referred to in items 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7.

487  Approval and registration of dealings

                   A dealing is of no force, in so far as the dealing would have an effect of a kind referred to in the table in section 486 in relation to a particular title, until:

                     (a)  the Titles Administrator has approved the dealing, in so far as it relates to that title; and

                     (b)  the Titles Administrator has made an entry in the relevant Register in relation to the dealing under section 494.

488  Application for approval of dealing

             (1)  An application for approval of a dealing must be made in accordance with subsection (2) or (3).

Application—dealing relates to only one title

             (2)  If a dealing relates to only one title, a party to the dealing may apply to the Titles Administrator for approval of the dealing in so far as it relates to that title.

Application—dealing relates to 2 or more titles

             (3)  If a dealing relates to 2 or more titles, a party to the dealing may make a separate application to the Titles Administrator for approval of the dealing in so far as it relates to each title.

Written application

             (4)  An application must be in writing.

Note:          Section 516A requires the application to be accompanied by an application fee.

489  Documents to accompany application

Instrument evidencing dealing

             (1)  An application for approval of a dealing must be accompanied by:

                     (a)  the instrument evidencing the dealing; or

                     (b)  if that instrument has already been lodged with the Titles Administrator for the purposes of another application—a copy of that instrument.

Supplementary instrument

             (2)  An application for approval of a dealing may be accompanied by an instrument setting out such details (if any) as are prescribed for the purposes of an application for approval of a dealing of that kind.

             (3)  An instrument under subsection (2) is called a supplementary instrument.

          (4A)  An application for approval of the dealing must be accompanied by:

                     (a)  a copy of the application; and

                     (b)  a copy, or an additional copy, of the instrument referred to in subsection (1); and

                     (c)  a copy of any supplementary instrument.

491  Timing of application

             (1)  An application for approval of a dealing must be made within:

                     (a)  90 days after the day on which the party who last executed the instrument evidencing the dealing so executed the instrument; or

                     (b)  such longer period as the Titles Administrator allows.

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may allow a longer period under paragraph (1)(b) only if there are sufficient grounds to warrant allowing the longer period.

             (3)  This section has effect subject to section 503.

Note:          Section 503 is about approval of a dealing that was entered into before the title came into existence.

492  Application date to be entered in Register

                   If an application is made for approval of a dealing, the Titles Administrator:

                     (a)  must enter a memorandum in the relevant Register of the date on which the application was lodged; and

                     (b)  may make such other notation in the relevant Register as the Titles Administrator considers appropriate.

493  Approval of dealing

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an application is made for approval of a dealing in so far as it relates to a particular title.

Decision

             (2)  The Titles Administrator must:

                     (a)  approve the dealing; or

                     (b)  refuse to approve the dealing;

in so far as it relates to that title.

Note:          Section 503 limits the power conferred on the Titles Administrator by this section. Section 503 is about approval of a dealing that was entered into before the title came into existence.

Notification of decision

             (4)  The Titles Administrator must, by written notice given to the applicant, notify the applicant of the Titles Administrator’s decision.

Refusal to approve dealing—notation in Register

             (5)  If the Titles Administrator refuses to approve the dealing in so far as it relates to that title, the Titles Administrator must make a notation of the refusal in the relevant Register.

494  Entry of dealing in Register

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if the Titles Administrator approves a dealing in so far as it relates to a particular title.

Endorsement

             (2)  The Titles Administrator must immediately endorse a memorandum of approval:

                     (a)  on the original instrument evidencing the dealing and on the copy of that instrument; or

                     (b)  if the original instrument was not lodged with the application for approval—on both of the copies of that instrument.

Entry in Register

             (3)  The Titles Administrator must make an entry of the approval of the dealing in the relevant Register on:

                     (a)  the memorial relating to that title; or

                     (b)  the copy of that title.

495  Retention, inspection and return of instruments

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if the Titles Administrator makes an entry of the approval of a dealing in the relevant Register.

Application accompanied by supplementary instrument

             (2)  If the application for approval of the dealing was accompanied by a supplementary instrument:

                     (a)  a copy of the supplementary instrument, endorsed with a copy of the memorandum of approval, must be:

                              (i)  retained by the Titles Administrator; and

                             (ii)  made available for inspection in accordance with this Chapter; and

                     (b)  the supplementary instrument must be returned to the person who applied for approval; and

                     (c)  a copy of the instrument evidencing the dealing must not be made available for inspection in accordance with this Chapter; and

                     (d)  the original instrument evidencing the dealing, or a copy of the original instrument, as the case requires, endorsed with a memorandum of approval, must be returned to the person who applied for approval.

Note:          For inspection, see section 515.

Application not accompanied by supplementary instrument

             (3)  If the application for approval of the dealing was not accompanied by a supplementary instrument:

                     (a)  one copy of the instrument evidencing the dealing, endorsed with a memorandum of approval, must be:

                              (i)  retained by the Titles Administrator; and

                             (ii)  made available for inspection in accordance with this Chapter; and

                     (b)  the original instrument evidencing the dealing, or a copy of the original instrument, as the case requires, endorsed with a memorandum of approval, must be returned to the person who applied for approval.

Note:          For inspection, see section 515.

Definition

             (4)  In this section:

supplementary instrument has the meaning given by subsection 489(3) or 499(3).

496  Strict compliance with application provisions not required

                   The approval of a dealing, or the making of an entry in a Register in relation to a dealing, is not made ineffective because of any failure to comply, in relation to the application for approval of the dealing, with the requirements of this Part.

497  Limit on effect of approval of dealing

                   The approval of a dealing does not give to the dealing any force, effect or validity that the dealing would not have had if this Chapter had not been enacted.

Part 4.7Dealings in future interests

  

498  Provisional application for approval of dealing

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  2 or more persons enter into a dealing relating to a title that may come into existence in the future; and

                     (b)  that dealing would, if the title came into existence, become a dealing to which Part 4.6 applies.

Provisional application—dealing relates to only one title

             (2)  If the dealing relates to only one title that may come into existence in the future, a party to the dealing may make a provisional application to the Titles Administrator for approval of the dealing.

Provisional application—dealing relates to 2 or more titles

             (3)  If the dealing relates to 2 or more titles that may come into existence in the future, a party to the dealing may make a separate provisional application to the Titles Administrator for approval of the dealing in relation to each title that may come into existence in the future.

Written provisional application

             (4)  A provisional application must be in writing.

Note:          Section 516A requires the provisional application to be accompanied by an application fee.

499  Documents to accompany provisional application

Instrument evidencing dealing

             (1)  A provisional application for approval of a dealing must be accompanied by:

                     (a)  the instrument evidencing the dealing; or

                     (b)  if that instrument has already been lodged with the Titles Administrator for the purposes of another provisional application—a copy of that instrument.

Supplementary instrument

             (2)  A provisional application for approval of a dealing may be accompanied by an instrument setting out such details (if any) as are prescribed for the purposes of a provisional application for approval of a dealing of that kind.

             (3)  An instrument under subsection (2) is called a supplementary instrument.

          (4A)  A provisional application for approval of the dealing must be accompanied by:

                     (a)  a copy of the provisional application; and

                     (b)  a copy, or an additional copy, of the instrument referred to in subsection (1); and

                     (c)  a copy of any supplementary instrument.

501  Timing of provisional application

                   A provisional application must be made within the period worked out using the table:

 

Period for making a provisional application

Item

In this case...

the period begins on...

and ends on...

1

a provisional application for approval of a dealing relating to any of the following titles that may come into existence in the future:

(a) a petroleum exploration permit;

(b) a petroleum retention lease;

(c) a petroleum production licence;

(d) an infrastructure licence;

(e) a pipeline licence

the day on which an offer document that relates to the application for the title is given to the applicant for the title

the day on which the title comes into existence.

2

a provisional application for approval of a dealing relating to a petroleum access authority that may come into existence in the future

the day on which the application for the grant of the petroleum access authority is made

the day on which the petroleum access authority comes into existence.

502  Provisional application to be treated as an application under section 488 when title comes into existence

                   If:

                     (a)  a provisional application is made for approval of a dealing; and

                     (b)  the title to which the dealing relates comes into existence; and

                     (c)  on that title coming into existence, the dealing becomes a dealing to which Part 4.6 applies;

the provisional application is to be treated as if it were an application made under section 488 on the day on which that title came into existence.

503  Limit on approval of dealing

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  Part 4.6 applies to a dealing relating to a title; and

                     (b)  immediately before the title came into existence, the dealing was a dealing referred to in subsection 498(1);

the Titles Administrator may approve the dealing under section 493 only if:

                     (c)  a provisional application for approval of the dealing was made under section 498; or

                     (d)  an application for approval of the dealing was made under section 488 within:

                              (i)  90 days after the day on which the title came into existence; or

                             (ii)  such longer period as the Titles Administrator allows.

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may allow a longer period under subparagraph (1)(d)(ii) only if there are sufficient grounds to warrant allowing the longer period.

Part 4.8Correction and rectification of Register

  

504  Corrections of clerical errors or obvious defects

                   The Titles Administrator may alter a Register for the purposes of correcting a clerical error or an obvious defect in the Register.

505  General power of correction of Register

Power of correction

             (1)  The Titles Administrator may make such entries in a Register as the Titles Administrator considers appropriate for the purposes of ensuring that the Register accurately records the interests and rights existing in relation to a title.

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may exercise the power conferred by subsection (1):

                     (a)  on written application being made to the Titles Administrator by a person; or

                     (b)  on the Titles Administrator’s own initiative.

Consultation

             (3)  Before the Titles Administrator makes an entry in a Register under subsection (1), the Titles Administrator must cause to be published in the Gazette a notice:

                     (a)  setting out the terms of the entry that the Titles Administrator proposes to make in the Register; and

                     (b)  inviting interested persons to give the Titles Administrator written submissions about the making of the entry; and

                     (c)  specifying a time limit for the making of those submissions.

             (4)  The time limit must not be shorter than 45 days after the publication of the notice.

             (5)  In deciding whether to make the entry in the Register, the Titles Administrator must take into account any submissions made in accordance with the notice.

Gazettal of terms of entry

             (6)  If the Titles Administrator makes an entry in a Register under subsection (1), the Titles Administrator must cause to be published in the Gazette a notice setting out the terms of the entry.

506  Rectification of Register

Application for rectification

             (1)  If a person is aggrieved by any of the following:

                     (a)  the omission of an entry from a Register;

                     (b)  an entry made in a Register without sufficient cause;

                     (c)  an entry wrongly existing in a Register;

                     (d)  an error or defect in an entry in a Register;

the person may apply to:

                     (e)  the Federal Court; or

                      (f)  the Supreme Court of, or having jurisdiction in, the State or Territory to which the relevant offshore area relates;

for the rectification of the Register.

Court orders

             (2)  If an application is made under subsection (1) to a court for the rectification of a Register, the court may make such order as it thinks fit directing the rectification of the Register.

             (3)  In proceedings under this section, the court may decide any question that it is necessary or expedient to decide in connection with the rectification of the Register.

Appearance of Titles Administrator

             (4)  Notice of an application under this section must be given to the Titles Administrator concerned, who:

                     (a)  may appear and be heard; and

                     (b)  must appear if so directed by the court.

Copy of order to be given to Titles Administrator

             (5)  An office copy of an order made by the court may be given to the Titles Administrator.

Compliance with order

             (6)  The Titles Administrator must, on receipt of the order, rectify the Register accordingly.

Principal Northern Territory offshore area and Eastern Greater Sunrise offshore area

             (7)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(f):

                     (a)  the Principal Northern Territory offshore area; and

                     (b)  the Eastern Greater Sunrise offshore area;

are taken to relate to the Northern Territory.

Part 4.9Information‑gathering powers

  

507  Titles Administrator may obtain information from applicants

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  an application for approval of the transfer of a title is made under section 473; or

                     (b)  an application is made under section 482 or 484 in relation to a title; or

                     (c)  an application for approval of a dealing is made under section 488; or

                     (d)  a provisional application for approval of a dealing is made under section 498; or

                     (e)  an application is made under section 505 in relation to a title.

Requirement to give information

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may, by written notice given to the applicant, require the applicant to give the Titles Administrator, within the period and in the manner specified in the notice, such information about the matter to which the application relates as the Titles Administrator considers necessary or advisable.

             (3)  A period specified under subsection (2) must not be shorter than 14 days after the notice is given.

Offences

             (4)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person has been given a notice under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission contravenes a requirement in the notice.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (5)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the Titles Administrator requires the person to give information under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person gives information; and

                     (c)  the person does so knowing that the information is false or misleading in a material particular.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Notice to set out the effect of offence provisions

             (6)  A notice under subsection (2) must set out the effect of the following provisions:

                     (a)  subsection (4);

                     (b)  subsection (5).

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both subsection (5) of this section and section 137.1 of the Criminal Code.

508  Titles Administrator may obtain information from a party to an approved dealing

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a person is a party to a dealing relating to a title; and

                     (b)  the dealing has been approved under section 493.

Requirement to give information

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may, by written notice given to the person, require the person to give to the Titles Administrator, within the period and in the manner specified in the notice, such information about alterations in the interests or rights existing in relation to the title as the Titles Administrator considers necessary or advisable.

             (3)  A period specified under subsection (2) must not be shorter than 14 days after the notice is given.

Offences

             (4)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person has been given a notice under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission contravenes a requirement in the notice.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

          (4A)  An offence against subsection (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (5)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the Titles Administrator requires the person to give information under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person gives information; and

                     (c)  the person does so knowing that the information is false or misleading in a material particular.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Notice to set out the effect of offence provisions

             (6)  A notice under subsection (2) must set out the effect of the following provisions:

                     (a)  subsection (4);

                     (b)  subsection (5).

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both subsection (5) of this section and section 137.1 of the Criminal Code.

509  Production and inspection of documents

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if the Titles Administrator has reason to believe that a document:

                     (a)  is in the possession or under the control of a person; and

                     (b)  relates to:

                              (i)  a transfer or dealing for which approval is sought under this Chapter; or

                             (ii)  an application under section 482, 484 or 505.

Requirement

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may, by written notice given to the person, require the person:

                     (a)  to produce the document to the Titles Administrator, within the period and in the manner specified in the notice; or

                     (b)  to make the document available for inspection by or on behalf of the Titles Administrator.

             (3)  A period specified under subsection (2) must not be shorter than 14 days after the notice is given.

Offences

             (4)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person has been given a notice under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission contravenes a requirement in the notice.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (5)  An offence against subsection (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (6)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person has been given a notice under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person:

                              (i)  produces a document to the Titles Administrator; or

                             (ii)  makes a document available for inspection by or on behalf of the Titles Administrator; and

                     (c)  the person does so knowing that the document is false or misleading in a material particular; and

                     (d)  the document is produced or made available in compliance or purported compliance with the notice.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Notice to set out the effect of offence provisions

             (7)  A notice under subsection (2) must set out the effect of the following provisions:

                     (a)  subsection (4);

                     (b)  subsection (6).

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both subsection (6) of this section and section 137.2 of the Criminal Code.

510  Titles Administrator may retain documents

             (1)  The Titles Administrator may take possession of a document produced under section 509, and retain it for as long as is necessary.

             (2)  The person otherwise entitled to possession of the document is entitled to be supplied, as soon as practicable, with a copy certified by the Titles Administrator to be a true copy.

             (3)  The certified copy must be received in all courts and tribunals as evidence as if it were the original.

             (4)  Until a certified copy is supplied, the Titles Administrator must provide the person otherwise entitled to possession of the document, or a person authorised by that person, reasonable access to the document for the purposes of inspecting and making copies of, or taking extracts from, the document.

Part 4.10Other provisions

  

511  Titles Administrator etc. not concerned with the effect of instrument lodged under this Chapter

                   None of the following is concerned with the effect in law of an instrument lodged under this Chapter:

                     (a)  the Joint Authority;

                     (b)  the Titles Administrator;

                     (c)  a person acting under the direction or authority of the Joint Authority or the Titles Administrator.

513  Making a false entry in a Register

                   A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person:

                              (i)  makes an entry in a Register; or

                             (ii)  causes an entry to be made in a Register; or

                            (iii)  concurs in the making of an entry in a Register; and

                     (b)  the person does so knowing that the entry is false.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both this section and section 145.4 of the Criminal Code.

514  Falsified documents

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person produces or tenders in evidence a document; and

                     (b)  the document falsely purports to be:

                              (i)  a copy of or extract from an entry in a Register; or

                             (ii)  a copy of or extract from an instrument given to the Titles Administrator under this Chapter.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both this section and section 137.2 of the Criminal Code.

             (2)  An offence against subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

515  Inspection of Register and instruments

Inspection of Register

             (1)  The Titles Administrator must ensure that each Register is open for inspection, at all convenient times, by any person on payment of a fee calculated under the regulations.

Instruments

             (2)  The Titles Administrator must ensure that all instruments, or copies of instruments, subject to inspection under this Chapter are open for inspection, at all convenient times, by any person on payment of a fee calculated under the regulations.

516  Evidentiary provisions

Register

             (1)  A Register is to be received in all courts and proceedings as prima facie evidence of all matters required or authorised by this Chapter to be entered in the Register.

Certified copies and extracts

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may, on payment of a fee calculated under the regulations, supply:

                     (a)  a copy of or extract from a Register; or

                     (b)  a copy of or extract from any instrument lodged with the Titles Administrator under this Chapter;

certified by the Titles Administrator to be a true copy or true extract, as the case may be.

             (3)  The certified copy or extract is admissible in evidence in all courts and proceedings without further proof or production of the original.

Evidentiary certificate

             (4)  The Titles Administrator may, on payment of a fee calculated under the regulations, issue a written certificate:

                     (a)  stating that an entry, matter or thing required or permitted by or under this Chapter to be made or done:

                              (i)  has been made or done; or

                             (ii)  has not been made or done; or

                     (b)  stating that an entry, matter or thing required by or under this Chapter not to be made or done:

                              (i)  has not been made or done; or

                             (ii)  has been made or done.

             (5)  The certificate is to be received in all courts and proceedings as prima facie evidence of the statements in the certificate.

Criminal proceedings—copy of certificate to be given to defendant 14 days before certificate admitted in evidence

             (6)  A certificate must not be admitted in evidence under subsection (5) in proceedings for an offence unless:

                     (a)  the person charged with the offence; or

                     (b)  a barrister or solicitor who has appeared for the person in those proceedings;

has, at least 14 days before the certificate is sought to be so admitted, been given a copy of the certificate together with notice of the intention to produce the certificate as evidence in the proceedings.

Person signing the certificate may be called to give evidence

             (7)  If, under subsection (5), a certificate is admitted in evidence in proceedings for an offence, the person charged with the offence may require the person who signed the certificate to be:

                     (a)  called as a witness for the prosecution; and

                     (b)  cross‑examined as if the person who signed the certificate had given evidence of the matters stated in the certificate.

             (8)  However, subsection (7) does not entitle the person charged to require the person who signed the certificate to be called as a witness for the prosecution unless:

                     (a)  the prosecutor has been given at least 4 days notice of the person’s intention to require the person who signed the certificate to be so called; or

                     (b)  the court, by order, allows the person charged to require the person who signed the certificate to be so called.

Evidence in support, or in rebuttal, of matters in certificate to be considered on its merits

             (9)  Any evidence given in support, or in rebuttal, of a matter stated in a certificate issued under subsection (4) must be considered on its merits, and the credibility and probative value of such evidence must be neither increased nor diminished by reason of this section.

516A  Application fee

             (1)  An eligible application must be accompanied by the fee (if any) prescribed by the regulations.

Note:          For eligible application, see subsection (4).

             (2)  Different fees may be prescribed for different eligible applications.

             (3)  A fee must not be such as to amount to taxation.

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, each of the following is an eligible application:

                     (a)  an application for the approval of the transfer of a title;

                     (b)  an application for the approval of a dealing (other than an application covered by section 502);

                     (c)  a provisional application for the approval of a dealing.

Chapter 5Registration of transfers of, and dealings in, greenhouse gas titles

Part 5.1Introduction

  

518  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Chapter:

•      The Titles Administrator must keep a Register of greenhouse gas titles and greenhouse gas search authorities.

•      A transfer of a greenhouse gas title must be approved by the Titles Administrator, and an instrument of transfer must be registered under this Part.

•      A dealing in a greenhouse gas title must be approved by the Titles Administrator, and the approval must be entered in the Register.

519  Definitions

                   In this Chapter:

Register means the Register kept under section 521.

title means:

                     (a)  a greenhouse gas assessment permit; or

                     (b)  a greenhouse gas holding lease; or

                     (c)  a greenhouse gas injection licence; or

                     (d)  a greenhouse gas special authority.

520  Dealing—series of debentures

                   For the purposes of this Chapter, if a dealing forms a part of the issue of a series of debentures, all of the dealings constituting the issue of that series of debentures are taken to be one dealing.

Part 5.2Register of titles and greenhouse gas search authorities

  

521  Register to be kept

                   The Titles Administrator must keep a Register of:

                     (a)  titles; and

                     (b)  greenhouse gas search authorities.

522  Entries in Register—general

Memorial

             (1)  The Titles Administrator must enter in the Register a memorial for each title and greenhouse gas search authority.

             (2)  The memorial must comply with the table:

 

Content of memorial

Item

In the case of...

the memorial must...

1

a title or greenhouse gas search authority

specify the name of the holder of the title.

2

a greenhouse gas assessment permit, greenhouse gas holding lease, greenhouse gas injection licence, greenhouse gas search authority or greenhouse gas special authority

set out an accurate description (including, where convenient, a map) of the permit area, lease area, licence area or authority area.

3

a title or greenhouse gas search authority

specify the term of the title or greenhouse gas search authority.

4

a title or greenhouse gas search authority

set out such other matters and things as are required by this Act to be entered in the Register.

5

a title or greenhouse gas search authority

set out such further matters relating to the registered holder, or to the conditions of the title or greenhouse gas search authority, as the Titles Administrator thinks proper and expedient in the public interest.

             (3)  The Titles Administrator must enter in the Register a memorial of:

                     (a)  a notice or instrument:

                              (i)  varying; or

                             (ii)  cancelling; or

                            (iii)  surrendering (to any extent); or

                            (iv)  otherwise affecting;

                            a title or greenhouse gas search authority; or

                     (b)  a notice or instrument varying or revoking a notice or instrument referred to in paragraph (a).

Note:          Subparagraph (a)(iv) would cover, for example, a notice revoking a greenhouse gas special authority.

Copy of title may be entered instead of memorial

             (4)  It is a sufficient compliance with the requirements of subsection (1), (2) or (3) if the Titles Administrator enters a copy of the title, greenhouse gas search authority, notice or instrument in the Register.

Date of entry to be endorsed

             (5)  The Titles Administrator must endorse on:

                     (a)  the memorial; or

                     (b)  the copy of the title, greenhouse gas search authority, notice or instrument;

a memorandum of the date on which the memorial or copy was entered in the Register.

523  Entry in Register—cessation or expiry of title

                   If an event specified in the table happens, the Titles Administrator must enter in the Register a memorial of the fact.

 

Cessation of title etc.

Item

Event

1

A greenhouse gas assessment permit or greenhouse gas holding lease ceases to be in force over a block in relation to which a greenhouse gas injection licence is granted.

2

A greenhouse gas assessment permit ceases to be in force over a block in relation to which a greenhouse gas holding lease (other than a special greenhouse gas holding lease) is granted.

3

A greenhouse gas assessment permit or a greenhouse gas holding lease (other than a special greenhouse gas holding lease) ceases to be in force over a block in relation to which a special greenhouse gas holding lease is granted.

4

A greenhouse gas injection licence ceases to be in force over a block in relation to which a greenhouse gas holding lease is granted.

5

A greenhouse gas assessment permit, greenhouse gas holding lease (other than a special greenhouse gas holding lease), greenhouse gas search authority or greenhouse gas special authority expires.

523A  Notation in Register—applicable datum

                   The Titles Administrator may make a notation in the Register about the applicable datum for a title, greenhouse gas search authority, notice or instrument.

Part 5.3Transfer of titles

  

524  Approval and registration of transfers

                   A transfer of a title is of no force until:

                     (a)  it has been approved by the Titles Administrator; and

                     (b)  an instrument of transfer is registered as provided by this Part.

525  Application for approval of transfer

             (1)  One of the parties to a proposed transfer of a title may apply to the Titles Administrator for approval of the transfer.

             (2)  The application must be in writing.

Note:          Section 565A requires the application to be accompanied by an application fee.

526  Documents to accompany application

                   An application for approval of a transfer must be accompanied by:

                     (a)  an instrument of transfer in the prescribed form executed by:

                              (i)  the registered holder or, if there are 2 or more registered holders, by each registered holder; and

                             (ii)  the transferee or, if there are 2 or more transferees, by each transferee; and

                     (b)  if the transferee, or one or more of the transferees, is not a registered holder or are not registered holders of the title—a document setting out:

                              (i)  the technical qualifications of that transferee or those transferees; and

                             (ii)  details of the technical advice that is or will be available to that transferee or those transferees; and

                            (iii)  details of the financial resources that are or will be available to that transferee or those transferees; and

                     (c)  a copy of each of the following:

                              (i)  the application;

                             (ii)  the instrument referred to in paragraph (a);

                            (iii)  the document referred to in paragraph (b).

527  Time limit for application

             (1)  An application for approval of a transfer must be made within:

                     (a)  90 days after the day on which the party who last executed the instrument of transfer so executed the instrument of transfer; or

                     (b)  such longer period as the Titles Administrator allows.

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may allow a longer period under paragraph (1)(b) only if there are sufficient grounds to warrant allowing the longer period.

528  Date of application to be entered in Register

                   If an application is made for approval of a transfer, the Titles Administrator:

                     (a)  must enter a memorandum in the Register of the date on which the application was lodged; and

                     (b)  may make such other notation in the Register as the Titles Administrator considers appropriate.

529  Approval of transfer

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an application is made for approval of a transfer.

Decision

             (2)  The Titles Administrator must:

                     (a)  approve the transfer; or

                     (b)  refuse to approve the transfer.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  the application is for approval of a transfer of a greenhouse gas holding lease or a greenhouse gas injection licence; and

                     (b)  the greenhouse gas holding lease or the greenhouse gas injection licence is tied to a petroleum retention lease;

the Titles Administrator must not approve the transfer of the greenhouse gas holding lease or the greenhouse gas injection licence unless:

                     (c)  a transfer of the petroleum retention lease has been approved by the Titles Administrator under section 478; and

                     (d)  the transfer of the petroleum retention lease is registered under section 479; and

                     (e)  both:

                              (i)  the instrument of transfer of the petroleum retention lease; and

                             (ii)  the instrument of transfer of the greenhouse gas holding lease or greenhouse gas injection licence;

                            were executed at or about the same time; and

                      (f)  the transferee or transferees of the petroleum retention lease are the same as the transferee or transferees of the greenhouse gas holding lease or greenhouse gas injection licence.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the application is for approval of a transfer of a greenhouse gas holding lease or a greenhouse gas injection licence; and

                     (b)  the greenhouse gas holding lease or the greenhouse gas injection licence is tied to a petroleum production licence;

the Titles Administrator must not approve the transfer of the greenhouse gas holding lease or the greenhouse gas injection licence unless:

                     (c)  a transfer of the petroleum production licence has been approved by the Titles Administrator under section 478; and

                     (d)  the transfer of the petroleum production licence is registered under section 479; and

                     (e)  both:

                              (i)  the instrument of transfer of the petroleum production licence; and

                             (ii)  the instrument of transfer of the greenhouse gas holding lease or greenhouse gas injection licence;

                            were executed at or about the same time; and

                      (f)  the transferee or transferees of the petroleum production licence are the same as the transferee or transferees of the greenhouse gas holding lease or greenhouse gas injection licence.

             (5)  The Titles Administrator must, by written notice given to the applicant, notify the applicant of the Titles Administrator’s decision.

             (6)  If the Titles Administrator refuses to approve the transfer, the Titles Administrator must make a notation of the refusal in the Register.

530  Registration of transfer

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if the Titles Administrator approves the transfer of a title.

Endorsement

             (2)  The Titles Administrator must immediately endorse on:

                     (a)  the instrument of transfer; and

                     (b)  the copy of the instrument of transfer;

a memorandum of approval.

             (3)  The Titles Administrator must enter in the Register a memorandum of:

                     (a)  the transfer; and

                     (b)  the name of the transferee or of each transferee.

             (4)  On the entry in the Register of the memorandum:

                     (a)  the transfer is taken to be registered; and

                     (b)  the transferee becomes the registered holder, or the transferees become the registered holders, of the title.

             (5)  If the transfer is registered:

                     (a)  the copy of the instrument of transfer endorsed with the memorandum of approval must be:

                              (i)  retained by the Titles Administrator; and

                             (ii)  made available for inspection in accordance with this Chapter; and

                     (b)  the instrument of transfer endorsed with the memorandum of approval must be returned to the person who applied for approval of the transfer.

531  Instrument of transfer does not create an interest in the title

                   The mere execution of an instrument of transfer of a title creates no interest in the title.

532  Limit on effect of approval of transfers

                   The approval of a transfer of a title does not give to the transfer any force, effect or validity that the transfer would not have had if this Chapter had not been enacted.

Part 5.4Devolution of title

  

533  Application to have name entered on the Register as the holder of a title

             (1)  If the rights of the registered holder of a particular title have devolved on a person by operation of law, the person may apply to the Titles Administrator to have the person’s name entered in the Register as the holder of the title.

             (2)  The application must be in writing.

534  Entry of name in the Register

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an application is made under section 533 in relation to a title.

Entry in Register

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the Titles Administrator is satisfied that the rights of the holder have devolved on the applicant by operation of law; and

                     (b)  the applicant has paid the prescribed fee;

the Titles Administrator must enter the name of the applicant in the Register as the holder of the title.

             (3)  On that entry being made, the applicant becomes the registered holder of the title.

Part 5.5Change in name of company

  

535  Application to have new name entered on the Register

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a company is the registered holder of a particular title; and

                     (b)  the company has changed its name;

the company may apply to the Titles Administrator to have its new name substituted for its previous name in the Register in relation to that title.

             (2)  The application must be in writing.

536  Alteration in the Register

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a company applies under section 535 to have its new name substituted for its previous name in the Register in relation to a particular title.

Alteration

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the Titles Administrator is satisfied that the company has changed its name; and

                     (b)  the company has paid the prescribed fee;

the Titles Administrator must make the necessary alterations in the Register.

Part 5.6Dealings relating to existing titles

  

537  Dealings to which this Part applies

                   This Part applies to a dealing (other than a transfer of a title) that would have one or more of the effects set out in the table:

 

Effects of dealings

Item

Effect

1

The creation or assignment of an interest in an existing title.

2

The creation or assignment of a right (conditional or otherwise) to the assignment of an interest in an existing title.

3

The determination of the manner in which persons may:

(a) exercise the rights conferred by an existing title; or

(b) comply with the obligations imposed by an existing title; or

(c) comply with the conditions of an existing title;

(including the exercise of those rights, or the compliance with those obligations or conditions, under cooperative arrangements to inject or store greenhouse gas substances).

4

The creation or assignment of an interest in relation to an existing greenhouse gas assessment permit, existing greenhouse gas holding lease or existing greenhouse gas injection licence, where the interest relates to:

(a) a greenhouse gas substance injected or stored under the permit, lease or licence; or

(b) revenue derived as a result of the carrying out of operations authorised by the permit, lease or licence; or

(c) profits derived as a result of the carrying out of operations authorised by the permit, lease or licence; or

(d) a matter specified in the regulations.

5

The creation or assignment of an option (conditional or otherwise) to enter into a dealing, where the dealing would have one or more of the effects referred to in items 1, 2, 3 and 4.

6

The creation or assignment of a right (conditional or otherwise) to enter into a dealing, where the dealing would have one or more of the effects referred to in items 1, 2, 3 and 4.

7

The alteration or termination of a dealing, where the dealing would have one or more of the effects referred to in items 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6.

538  Approval and registration of dealings

                   A dealing is of no force, in so far as the dealing would have an effect of a kind referred to in the table in section 537 in relation to a particular title, until:

                     (a)  the Titles Administrator has approved the dealing, in so far as it relates to that title; and

                     (b)  the Titles Administrator has made an entry in the Register in relation to the dealing under section 544.

539  Application for approval of dealing

             (1)  An application for approval of a dealing must be made in accordance with subsection (2) or (3).

Application—dealing relates to only one title

             (2)  If a dealing relates to only one title, a party to the dealing may apply to the Titles Administrator for approval of the dealing in so far as it relates to that title.

Application—dealing relates to 2 or more titles

             (3)  If a dealing relates to 2 or more titles, a party to the dealing may make a separate application to the Titles Administrator for approval of the dealing in so far as it relates to each title.

Written application

             (4)  An application must be in writing.

Note:          Section 565A requires the application to be accompanied by an application fee.

540  Documents to accompany application

Instrument evidencing dealing

             (1)  An application for approval of a dealing must be accompanied by:

                     (a)  the instrument evidencing the dealing; or

                     (b)  if that instrument has already been lodged with the Titles Administrator for the purposes of another application—a copy of that instrument.

Supplementary instrument

             (2)  An application for approval of a dealing may be accompanied by an instrument setting out such details (if any) as are prescribed for the purposes of an application for approval of a dealing of that kind.

             (3)  An instrument under subsection (2) is called a supplementary instrument.

Copies

             (4)  An application for approval of a dealing must be accompanied by:

                     (a)  a copy of the application; and

                     (b)  a copy, or an additional copy, of the instrument referred to in subsection (1); and

                     (c)  a copy of any supplementary instrument.

541  Timing of application

             (1)  An application for approval of a dealing must be made within:

                     (a)  90 days after the day on which the party who last executed the instrument evidencing the dealing so executed the instrument; or

                     (b)  such longer period as the Titles Administrator allows.

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may allow a longer period under paragraph (1)(b) only if there are sufficient grounds to warrant allowing the longer period.

             (3)  This section has effect subject to section 552.

Note:          Section 552 is about approval of a dealing that was entered into before the title came into existence.

542  Application date to be entered in Register

                   If an application is made for approval of a dealing, the Titles Administrator:

                     (a)  must enter a memorandum in the Register of the date on which the application was lodged; and

                     (b)  may make such other notation in the Register as the Titles Administrator considers appropriate.

543  Approval of dealing

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an application is made for approval of a dealing in so far as it relates to a particular title.

Decision

             (2)  The Titles Administrator must:

                     (a)  approve the dealing; or

                     (b)  refuse to approve the dealing;

in so far as it relates to that title.

Note:          Section 552 limits the power conferred on the Titles Administrator by this section. Section 552 is about approval of a dealing that was entered into before the title came into existence.

Notification of decision

             (3)  The Titles Administrator must, by written notice given to the applicant, notify the applicant of the Titles Administrator’s decision.

Refusal to approve dealing—notation in Register

             (4)  If the Titles Administrator refuses to approve the dealing in so far as it relates to that title, the Titles Administrator must make a notation of the refusal in the Register.

544  Entry of dealing in Register

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if the Titles Administrator approves a dealing in so far as it relates to a particular title.

Endorsement

             (2)  The Titles Administrator must immediately endorse a memorandum of approval:

                     (a)  on the original instrument evidencing the dealing and on the copy of that instrument; or

                     (b)  if the original instrument was not lodged with the application for approval—on both of the copies of that instrument.

Entry in Register

             (3)  The Titles Administrator must make an entry of the approval of the dealing in the Register on:

                     (a)  the memorial relating to that title; or

                     (b)  the copy of that title.

545  Retention, inspection and return of instruments

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if the Titles Administrator makes an entry of the approval of a dealing in the Register.

Application accompanied by supplementary instrument

             (2)  If the application for approval of the dealing was accompanied by a supplementary instrument:

                     (a)  a copy of the supplementary instrument, endorsed with a copy of the memorandum of approval, must be:

                              (i)  retained by the Titles Administrator; and

                             (ii)  made available for inspection in accordance with this Chapter; and

                     (b)  the supplementary instrument must be returned to the person who applied for approval; and

                     (c)  a copy of the instrument evidencing the dealing must not be made available for inspection in accordance with this Chapter; and

                     (d)  the original instrument evidencing the dealing, or a copy of the original instrument, as the case requires, endorsed with a memorandum of approval, must be returned to the person who applied for approval.

Note:          For inspection, see section 564.

Application not accompanied by supplementary instrument

             (3)  If the application for approval of the dealing was not accompanied by a supplementary instrument:

                     (a)  one copy of the instrument evidencing the dealing, endorsed with a memorandum of approval, must be:

                              (i)  retained by the Titles Administrator; and

                             (ii)  made available for inspection in accordance with this Chapter; and

                     (b)  the original instrument evidencing the dealing, or a copy of the original instrument, as the case requires, endorsed with a memorandum of approval, must be returned to the person who applied for approval.

Note:          For inspection, see section 564.

Definition

             (4)  In this section:

supplementary instrument has the meaning given by subsection 540(3) or 549(3).

546  Strict compliance with application provisions not required

                   The approval of a dealing, or the making of an entry in the Register in relation to a dealing, is not made ineffective because of any failure to comply, in relation to the application for approval of the dealing, with the requirements of this Part.

547  Limit on effect of approval of dealing

                   The approval of a dealing does not give to the dealing any force, effect or validity that the dealing would not have had if this Chapter had not been enacted.

Part 5.7Dealings in future interests

  

548  Provisional application for approval of dealing

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  2 or more persons enter into a dealing relating to a title that may come into existence in the future; and

                     (b)  that dealing would, if the title came into existence, become a dealing to which Part 5.6 applies.

Provisional application—dealing relates to only one title

             (2)  If the dealing relates to only one title that may come into existence in the future, a party to the dealing may make a provisional application to the Titles Administrator for approval of the dealing.

Provisional application—dealing relates to 2 or more titles

             (3)  If the dealing relates to 2 or more titles that may come into existence in the future, a party to the dealing may make a separate provisional application to the Titles Administrator for approval of the dealing in relation to each title that may come into existence in the future.

Written provisional application

             (4)  A provisional application must be in writing.

Note:          Section 565A requires the provisional application to be accompanied by an application fee.

549  Documents to accompany provisional application

Instrument evidencing dealing

             (1)  A provisional application for approval of a dealing must be accompanied by:

                     (a)  the instrument evidencing the dealing; or

                     (b)  if that instrument has already been lodged with the Titles Administrator for the purposes of another provisional application—a copy of that instrument.

Supplementary instrument

             (2)  A provisional application for approval of a dealing may be accompanied by an instrument setting out such details (if any) as are prescribed for the purposes of a provisional application for approval of a dealing of that kind.

             (3)  An instrument under subsection (2) is called a supplementary instrument.

Copies

             (4)  A provisional application for approval of a dealing must be accompanied by:

                     (a)  a copy of the provisional application; and

                     (b)  a copy, or an additional copy, of the instrument referred to in subsection (1); and

                     (c)  a copy of any supplementary instrument.

550  Timing of provisional application

                   A provisional application must be made within the period worked out using the table:

 

Period for making a provisional application

Item

In this case...

the period begins on...

and ends on...

1

a provisional application for approval of a dealing relating to any of the following titles that may come into existence in the future:

(a) a greenhouse gas assessment permit;

(b) a greenhouse gas holding lease;

(c) a greenhouse gas injection licence

the day on which an offer document that relates to the application for the title is given to the applicant for the title

the day on which the title comes into existence.

2

a provisional application for approval of a dealing relating to a greenhouse gas special authority that may come into existence in the future

the day on which the application for the grant of the greenhouse gas special authority is made

the day on which the greenhouse gas special authority comes into existence.

551  Provisional application to be treated as an application under section 539 when title comes into existence

                   If:

                     (a)  a provisional application is made for approval of a dealing; and

                     (b)  the title to which the dealing relates comes into existence; and

                     (c)  on that title coming into existence, the dealing becomes a dealing to which Part 5.6 applies;

the provisional application is to be treated as if it were an application made under section 539 on the day on which that title came into existence.

552  Limit on approval of dealing

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  Part 5.6 applies to a dealing relating to a title; and

                     (b)  immediately before the title came into existence, the dealing was a dealing referred to in subsection 548(1);

the Titles Administrator may approve the dealing under section 543 only if:

                     (c)  a provisional application for approval of the dealing was made under section 548; or

                     (d)  an application for approval of the dealing was made under section 539 within:

                              (i)  90 days after the day on which the title came into existence; or

                             (ii)  such longer period as the Titles Administrator allows.

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may allow a longer period under subparagraph (1)(d)(ii) only if there are sufficient grounds to warrant allowing the longer period.

Part 5.8Correction and rectification of Register

  

553  Corrections of clerical errors or obvious defects

                   The Titles Administrator may alter the Register for the purposes of correcting a clerical error or an obvious defect in the Register.

554  General power of correction of Register

Power of correction

             (1)  The Titles Administrator may make such entries in the Register as the Titles Administrator considers appropriate for the purposes of ensuring that the Register accurately records the interests and rights existing in relation to a title.

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may exercise the power conferred by subsection (1):

                     (a)  on written application being made to the Titles Administrator by a person; or

                     (b)  on the Titles Administrator’s own initiative.

Consultation

             (3)  Before the Titles Administrator makes an entry in the Register under subsection (1), the Titles Administrator must cause to be published in the Gazette a notice:

                     (a)  setting out the terms of the entry that the Titles Administrator proposes to make in the Register; and

                     (b)  inviting interested persons to give the Titles Administrator written submissions about the making of the entry; and

                     (c)  specifying a time limit for the making of those submissions.

             (4)  The time limit must not be shorter than 45 days after the publication of the notice.

             (5)  In deciding whether to make the entry in the Register, the Titles Administrator must take into account any submissions made in accordance with the notice.

Gazettal of terms of entry

             (6)  If the Titles Administrator makes an entry in the Register under subsection (1), the Titles Administrator must cause to be published in the Gazette a notice setting out the terms of the entry.

555  Rectification of Register

Application for rectification

             (1)  If a person is aggrieved by any of the following:

                     (a)  the omission of an entry from the Register;

                     (b)  an entry made in the Register without sufficient cause;

                     (c)  an entry wrongly existing in the Register;

                     (d)  an error or defect in an entry in the Register;

the person may apply to:

                     (e)  the Federal Court; or

                      (f)  the Supreme Court of, or having jurisdiction in, the State or Territory to which the relevant offshore area relates;

for the rectification of the Register.

Court orders

             (2)  If an application is made under subsection (1) to a court for the rectification of the Register, the court may make such order as it thinks fit directing the rectification of the Register.

             (3)  In proceedings under this section, the court may decide any question that it is necessary or expedient to decide in connection with the rectification of the Register.

Appearance of Titles Administrator

             (4)  Notice of an application under this section must be given to the Titles Administrator, who:

                     (a)  may appear and be heard; and

                     (b)  must appear if so directed by the court.

Copy of order to be given to Titles Administrator

             (5)  An office copy of an order made by the court may be given to the Titles Administrator.

Compliance with order

             (6)  The Titles Administrator must, on receipt of the order, rectify the Register accordingly.

Principal Northern Territory offshore area and Eastern Greater Sunrise offshore area

             (7)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(f):

                     (a)  the Principal Northern Territory offshore area; and

                     (b)  the Eastern Greater Sunrise offshore area;

are taken to relate to the Northern Territory.

Part 5.9Information‑gathering powers

  

556  Titles Administrator may obtain information from applicants

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  an application for approval of the transfer of a title is made under section 525; or

                     (b)  an application is made under section 533 or 535 in relation to a title; or

                     (c)  an application for approval of a dealing is made under section 539; or

                     (d)  a provisional application for approval of a dealing is made under section 548; or

                     (e)  an application is made under section 554 in relation to a title.

Requirement to give information

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may, by written notice given to the applicant, require the applicant to give the Titles Administrator, within the period and in the manner specified in the notice, such information about the matter to which the application relates as the Titles Administrator considers necessary or advisable.

             (3)  A period specified under subsection (2) must not be shorter than 14 days after the notice is given.

Offences

             (4)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person has been given a notice under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission contravenes a requirement in the notice.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (5)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the Titles Administrator requires the person to give information under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person gives information; and

                     (c)  the person does so knowing that the information is false or misleading in a material particular.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Notice to set out the effect of offence provisions

             (6)  A notice under subsection (2) must set out the effect of the following provisions:

                     (a)  subsection (4);

                     (b)  subsection (5).

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both subsection (5) of this section and section 137.1 of the Criminal Code.

557  Titles Administrator may obtain information from a party to an approved dealing

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a person is a party to a dealing relating to a title; and

                     (b)  the dealing has been approved under section 543.

Requirement to give information

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may, by written notice given to the person, require the person to give to the Titles Administrator, within the period and in the manner specified in the notice, such information about alterations in the interests or rights existing in relation to the title as the Titles Administrator considers necessary or advisable.

             (3)  A period specified under subsection (2) must not be shorter than 14 days after the notice is given.

Offences

             (4)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person has been given a notice under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission contravenes a requirement in the notice.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

          (4A)  An offence against subsection (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (5)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the Titles Administrator requires the person to give information under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person gives information; and

                     (c)  the person does so knowing that the information is false or misleading in a material particular.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Notice to set out the effect of offence provisions

             (6)  A notice under subsection (2) must set out the effect of the following provisions:

                     (a)  subsection (4);

                     (b)  subsection (5).

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both subsection (5) of this section and section 137.1 of the Criminal Code.

558  Production and inspection of documents

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if the Titles Administrator has reason to believe that a document:

                     (a)  is in the possession or under the control of a person; and

                     (b)  relates to:

                              (i)  a transfer or dealing for which approval is sought under this Chapter; or

                             (ii)  an application under section 533, 535 or 536.

Requirement

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may, by written notice given to the person, require the person:

                     (a)  to produce the document to the Titles Administrator, within the period and in the manner specified in the notice; or

                     (b)  to make the document available for inspection by or on behalf of the Titles Administrator.

             (3)  A period specified under subsection (2) must not be shorter than 14 days after the notice is given.

Offences

             (4)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person has been given a notice under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission contravenes a requirement in the notice.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (5)  An offence against subsection (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (6)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person has been given a notice under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person:

                              (i)  produces a document to the Titles Administrator; or

                             (ii)  makes a document available for inspection by or on behalf of the Titles Administrator; and

                     (c)  the person does so knowing that the document is false or misleading in a material particular; and

                     (d)  the document is produced or made available in compliance or purported compliance with the notice.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Notice to set out the effect of offence provisions

             (7)  A notice under subsection (2) must set out the effect of the following provisions:

                     (a)  subsection (4);

                     (b)  subsection (6).

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both subsection (6) of this section and section 137.2 of the Criminal Code.

559  Titles Administrator may retain documents

             (1)  The Titles Administrator may take possession of a document produced under section 558, and retain it for as long as is necessary.

             (2)  The person otherwise entitled to possession of the document is entitled to be supplied, as soon as practicable, with a copy certified by the Titles Administrator to be a true copy.

             (3)  The certified copy must be received in all courts and tribunals as evidence as if it were the original.

             (4)  Until a certified copy is supplied, the Titles Administrator must provide the person otherwise entitled to possession of the document, or a person authorised by that person, reasonable access to the document for the purposes of inspecting and making copies of, or taking extracts from, the document.

Part 5.10Other provisions

  

560  Titles Administrator not concerned with the effect of instrument lodged under this Chapter

                   The Titles Administrator is not concerned with the effect in law of an instrument lodged under this Chapter.

562  Making a false entry in the Register

                   A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person:

                              (i)  makes an entry in the Register; or

                             (ii)  causes an entry to be made in the Register; or

                            (iii)  concurs in the making of an entry in the Register; and

                     (b)  the person does so knowing that the entry is false.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both this section and section 145.4 of the Criminal Code.

563  Falsified documents

                   A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person produces or tenders in evidence a document; and

                     (b)  the document falsely purports to be:

                              (i)  a copy of or extract from an entry in the Register; or

                             (ii)  a copy of or extract from an instrument given to the Titles Administrator under this Chapter.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both this section and section 137.2 of the Criminal Code.

564  Inspection of Register and instruments

Inspection of Register

             (1)  The Titles Administrator must ensure that the Register is open for inspection, at all convenient times, by any person on payment of a fee calculated under the regulations.

Instruments

             (2)  The Titles Administrator must ensure that all instruments, or copies of instruments, subject to inspection under this Chapter are open for inspection, at all convenient times, by any person on payment of a fee calculated under the regulations.

565  Evidentiary provisions

Register

             (1)  The Register is to be received in all courts and proceedings as prima facie evidence of all matters required or authorised by this Chapter to be entered in the Register.

Certified copies and extracts

             (2)  The Titles Administrator may, on payment of a fee calculated under the regulations, supply:

                     (a)  a copy of or extract from the Register; or

                     (b)  a copy of or extract from any instrument lodged with the Titles Administrator under this Chapter;

certified by the Titles Administrator to be a true copy or true extract, as the case may be.

             (3)  The certified copy or extract is admissible in evidence in all courts and proceedings without further proof or production of the original.

Evidentiary certificate

             (4)  The Titles Administrator may, on payment of a fee calculated under the regulations, issue a written certificate:

                     (a)  stating that an entry, matter or thing required or permitted by or under this Chapter to be made or done:

                              (i)  has been made or done; or

                             (ii)  has not been made or done; or

                     (b)  stating that an entry, matter or thing required by or under this Chapter not to be made or done:

                              (i)  has not been made or done; or

                             (ii)  has been made or done.

             (5)  The certificate is to be received in all courts and proceedings as prima facie evidence of the statements in the certificate.

Criminal proceedings—copy of certificate to be given to defendant 14 days before certificate admitted in evidence

             (6)  A certificate must not be admitted in evidence under subsection (5) in proceedings for an offence unless:

                     (a)  the person charged with the offence; or

                     (b)  a barrister or solicitor who has appeared for the person in those proceedings;

has, at least 14 days before the certificate is sought to be so admitted, been given a copy of the certificate together with notice of the intention to produce the certificate as evidence in the proceedings.

Person signing the certificate may be called to give evidence

             (7)  If, under subsection (5), a certificate is admitted in evidence in proceedings for an offence, the person charged with the offence may require the person who signed the certificate to be:

                     (a)  called as a witness for the prosecution; and

                     (b)  cross‑examined as if the person who signed the certificate had given evidence of the matters stated in the certificate.

             (8)  However, subsection (7) does not entitle the person charged to require the person who signed the certificate to be called as a witness for the prosecution unless:

                     (a)  the prosecutor has been given at least 4 days notice of the person’s intention to require the person who signed the certificate to be so called; or

                     (b)  the court, by order, allows the person charged to require the person who signed the certificate to be so called.

Evidence in support, or in rebuttal, of matters in certificate to be considered on its merits

             (9)  Any evidence given in support, or in rebuttal, of a matter stated in a certificate issued under subsection (4) must be considered on its merits, and the credibility and probative value of such evidence must be neither increased nor diminished by reason of this section.

565A  Application fee

             (1)  An eligible application must be accompanied by the fee (if any) prescribed by the regulations.

Note:          For eligible application, see subsection (4).

             (2)  Different fees may be prescribed for different eligible applications.

             (3)  A fee must not be such as to amount to taxation.

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, each of the following is an eligible application:

                     (a)  an application for the approval of the transfer of a title;

                     (b)  an application for the approval of a dealing (other than an application covered by section 551);

                     (c)  a provisional application for the approval of a dealing.

Chapter 6Administration

Part 6.1Operations

  

567  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      This Part imposes requirements that must be complied with by titleholders in relation to the following:

               (a)     the commencement of works or operations;

              (b)     work practices;

               (c)     financial assurance;

              (d)     the maintenance and removal of property.

568  Commencement of works or operations

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to:

                     (a)  a special petroleum exploration permit; or

                     (b)  a petroleum retention lease; or

                     (c)  an infrastructure licence; or

                     (d)  a pipeline licence;

if the permit, lease or licence is granted subject to a condition that works or operations specified in the permit, lease or licence are to be carried out.

Commencement of works or operations

             (2)  The registered holder of the permit, lease or licence must begin to carry out those works or operations within:

                     (a)  180 days after the day on which the permit, lease or licence comes into force; or

                     (b)  such longer period as the Joint Authority allows.

569  Work practices

             (1)  The table has effect:

 

Work practices

Item

This person...

must...

1

the registered holder of a petroleum exploration permit, petroleum retention lease or petroleum production licence

(a) carry out all petroleum exploration operations in the permit area, lease area or licence area in a proper and workmanlike manner and in accordance with good oilfield practice; and

(b) carry out all petroleum recovery operations in the permit area, lease area or licence area in a proper and workmanlike manner and in accordance with good oilfield practice; and

(c) control the flow, and prevent the waste or escape, in the permit area, lease area or licence area, of petroleum or water; and

(d) prevent the escape, in the permit area, lease area or licence area, of any mixture of water or drilling fluid with petroleum or any other matter; and

(e) prevent damage to petroleum‑bearing strata in an area (whether in the offshore area or not) in relation to which the permit, lease or licence is not in force; and

(f) keep separate each petroleum pool discovered in the permit area, lease area or licence area; and

(g) keep separate such of the sources of water (if any) discovered in the permit area, lease area or licence area as the Titles Administrator, by written notice given to the registered holder, directs; and

(h) prevent water or any other matter entering any petroleum pool through wells in the permit area, lease area or licence area except when required by, and in accordance with, good oilfield practice.

2

the registered holder of an infrastructure licence

(a) carry out operations authorised by the licence in a safe manner and in accordance with good oilfield practice and good processing and transport practice; and

(b) control the flow, and prevent the waste or escape, from an infrastructure facility constructed under the licence, of water, petroleum or any product derived by processing petroleum.

3

the registered holder of a pipeline licence

(a) operate the pipeline in a proper and workmanlike manner; and

(b) prevent the waste or escape of petroleum or water from the pipeline or from any secondary line, pumping station, tank station, valve station or water line.

4

the registered holder of a petroleum special prospecting authority or petroleum access authority

carry out all petroleum exploration operations in the authority area in a proper and workmanlike manner and in accordance with good oilfield practice.

             (2)  Paragraphs (c) to (h) of item 1, and paragraph (b) of item 2, of the table in subsection (1) have effect subject to any authorisation given, or requirement made, by or under:

                     (a)  this Act; or

                     (b)  the regulations; or

                     (c)  a direction under this Act.

             (3)  Paragraphs (b) to (h) of item 1 of the table in subsection (1) do not limit paragraph (a) of that item.

             (4)  Paragraph (b) of item 2 of the table in subsection (1) does not limit paragraph (a) of that item.

             (5)  Paragraph (b) of item 3 of the table in subsection (1) does not limit paragraph (a) of that item.

Offence

             (6)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a requirement under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct breaches the requirement.

Penalty:  100 penalty units.

          (6A)  An offence against subsection (6) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Defence

             (7)  In:

                     (a)  a prosecution for an offence against subsection (6) in relation to a breach of a paragraph of an item of the table in subsection (1); or

                     (b)  an action arising out of a breach of a paragraph of an item of the table in subsection (1);

it is a defence if the defendant proves that the defendant took all reasonable steps to comply with that paragraph.

Note:          In a prosecution for an offence, the defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the matter in subsection (7)—see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code.

This section has effect subject to certain other provisions etc.

             (8)  This section has effect subject to:

                     (a)  any other provision of this Act; and

                     (b)  the regulations; and

                     (c)  a direction under section 574, 574A or 576B; and

                     (d)  any other law.

Note 1:       A general direction may be given to a petroleum titleholder under section 574 (by NOPSEMA) or 574A (by the responsible Commonwealth Minister).

Note 2:       A direction may be given by NOPSEMA to a petroleum titleholder under section 576B in relation to a significant offshore petroleum incident in the petroleum title area.

570  Work practices

             (1)  The table has effect:

 

Work practices

Item

This person...

must...

1

the registered holder of a greenhouse gas assessment permit, greenhouse gas holding lease, greenhouse gas injection licence or petroleum production licence

(a) carry out all:

(i) operations relating to the exploration for potential greenhouse gas storage formations; or

(ii) operations relating to the exploration for potential greenhouse gas injection sites;

      in the permit area, lease area or licence area in a proper and workmanlike manner; and

(b) carry out all:

(i) operations relating to the injection of a greenhouse gas substance into a part of a geological formation; or

(ii) operations relating to the storage of a greenhouse gas substance in a part of a geological formation;

      in the permit area, lease area or licence area in a proper and workmanlike manner.

2

the registered holder of a greenhouse gas assessment permit, greenhouse gas holding lease, greenhouse gas injection licence or petroleum production licence

(a) control the flow, and prevent the escape, in the permit area, lease area or licence area, of greenhouse gas substances; and

(b) control the flow, and prevent the waste or escape, in the permit area, lease area or licence area, of petroleum or water; and

(c) prevent the escape, in the permit area, lease area or licence area, of any mixture of water or drilling fluid with petroleum or any other matter; and

(d) prevent damage to petroleum‑bearing strata, and potential greenhouse gas storage formations, in an area (whether in the offshore area or not) in relation to which the permit, lease or licence is not in force; and

(e) keep separate each petroleum pool discovered in the permit area, lease area or licence area; and

(f) keep separate such of the sources of water (if any) discovered in the permit area, lease area or licence area as the responsible Commonwealth Minister, by written notice given to the registered holder, directs; and

 (g) prevent water, a greenhouse gas substance or any other matter entering any petroleum pool through wells in the permit area, lease area or licence area except when required by, and in accordance with, good oilfield practice.

3

the registered holder of a greenhouse gas special authority

carry out all:

(a) operations relating to the exploration for potential greenhouse gas storage formations; or

(b) operations relating to the exploration for potential greenhouse gas injection sites; or

(c) operations relating to the injection of a greenhouse gas substance into a potential greenhouse gas storage formation; or

(d) operations relating to the storage of a greenhouse gas substance in a potential greenhouse gas storage formation; or

(e) operations to carry out baseline investigations relating to the storage of a greenhouse gas substance in a potential greenhouse gas storage formation; or

(f) operations relating to the monitoring of the behaviour of a greenhouse gas substance stored in a potential greenhouse gas storage formation;

in the authority area in a proper and workmanlike manner.

4

the registered holder of a greenhouse gas search authority

carry out all:

(a) operations relating to the exploration for potential greenhouse gas storage formations; or

(b) operations relating to the exploration for potential greenhouse gas injection sites;

in the authority area in a proper and workmanlike manner.

5

the holder of a greenhouse gas research consent

carry out all:

(a) operations relating to the exploration for potential greenhouse gas storage formations; or

(b) operations relating to the exploration for potential greenhouse gas injection sites;

authorised by the consent in a proper and workmanlike manner.

             (2)  Paragraphs (a) to (g) of item 2 of the table in subsection (1) have effect subject to any authorisation given, or requirement made, by or under:

                     (a)  this Act; or

                     (b)  the regulations; or

                     (c)  a direction under this Act.

             (3)  Paragraph (b) of item 1 of the table in subsection (1) does not limit paragraph (a) of that item.

             (4)  Paragraphs (a) to (g) of item 2 of the table in subsection (1) do not limit paragraph (a) of item 1 of the table.

Offence

             (5)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a requirement under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct breaches the requirement.

Penalty:  100 penalty units.

          (5A)  An offence against subsection (5) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Defence

             (6)  In:

                     (a)  a prosecution for an offence against subsection (5) in relation to a breach of a paragraph of an item of the table in subsection (1); or

                     (b)  an action arising out of a breach of a paragraph of an item of the table in subsection (1);

it is a defence if the defendant proves that the defendant took all reasonable steps to comply with that paragraph.

Note:          In a prosecution for an offence, the defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the matter in subsection (6)—see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code.

This section has effect subject to certain other provisions etc.

             (7)  This section has effect subject to:

                     (a)  any other provision of this Act; and

                     (b)  the regulations; and

                     (c)  a direction under section 580; and

                     (d)  any other law.

571  Financial assurance—petroleum titles

Scope

             (1)  This section applies in relation to a petroleum activity carried out in relation to any of the following titles:

                     (a)  a petroleum exploration permit;

                     (b)  a petroleum retention lease;

                     (c)  a petroleum production licence;

                     (d)  an infrastructure licence;

                     (e)  a pipeline licence;

                      (f)  a petroleum special prospecting authority;

                     (g)  a petroleum access authority.

Titleholder duty to maintain financial assurance

             (2)  The titleholder must, at all times while the title is in force, maintain financial assurance sufficient to give the titleholder the capacity to meet costs, expenses and liabilities arising in connection with, or as a result of:

                     (a)  the carrying out of the petroleum activity; or

                     (b)  the doing of any other thing for the purposes of the petroleum activity; or

                     (c)  complying (or failing to comply) with a requirement under this Act, or a legislative instrument under this Act, in relation to the petroleum activity.

Examples:  This subsection covers costs, expenses and liabilities arising in connection with, or as a result of, the following (without limitation):

(a)    complying with the titleholder’s duty under section 572C (which relates to the escape of petroleum);

(b)    a debt due to the Commonwealth, a State or the Northern Territory under section 572D, 572E or 572F (which relate to an escape of petroleum), including a debt due to NOPSEMA on behalf of the Commonwealth, or to an agency or authority on behalf of the State or the Northern Territory;

(c)    complying with a direction under section 574 or 586 relating to the remediation of damage to the seabed or subsoil arising in connection with a petroleum activity.

             (3)  The following may be provided for by regulation:

                     (a)  compliance with subsection (2) in relation to a petroleum activity to be demonstrated as a prior condition of acceptance of an environment plan for the activity;

                     (b)  such compliance to be in a form acceptable to NOPSEMA;

                     (c)  a failure to maintain such compliance, in a form acceptable to NOPSEMA, to be grounds for the withdrawal of acceptance of an environment plan for the activity.

Note:          For requirements relating to environment plans, see Part 2 of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage (Environment) Regulations 2009.

Form of financial assurance

             (4)  The forms of financial assurance for a title that may be maintained for the purposes of this section include (without limitation) any of the following, or any combination of the following:

                     (a)  insurance;

                     (b)  self‑insurance;

                     (c)  a bond;

                     (d)  the deposit of an amount as security with a financial institution;

                     (e)  an indemnity or other surety;

                      (f)  a letter of credit from a financial institution;

                     (g)  a mortgage.

             (5)  In this section:

environment plan for a petroleum activity means an environment plan for the activity under the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage (Environment) Regulations 2009.

Note:          Environment plans are dealt with in Part 2 of these Regulations.

financial institution has its ordinary meaning, and (to avoid doubt) includes:

                     (a)  an authorised deposit‑taking institution within the meaning of the Banking Act 1959; and

                     (b)  a financial institution of a foreign country.

petroleum activity has the same meaning as in the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage (Environment) Regulations 2009.

self‑insurance: for a petroleum activity in relation to a title, the titleholder maintains financial assurance in the form of self‑insurance to the extent that the titleholder ensures that financial resources are available at all times while the title is in force to meet costs, expenses and liabilities in relation to the activity arising as mentioned in subsection (2).

titleholder, for a title in relation to which this section applies, means the registered holder of the title.

571A  Insurance—greenhouse gas titles

Greenhouse gas titles

             (1)  The conditions of:

                     (a)  a greenhouse gas assessment permit; or

                     (b)  a greenhouse gas holding lease; or

                     (c)  a greenhouse gas injection licence; or

                     (d)  a greenhouse gas search authority; or

                     (e)  a greenhouse gas special authority;

may include a condition that the registered holder maintain, as directed by the responsible Commonwealth Minister from time to time, insurance against:

                      (f)  expenses; or

                     (g)  liabilities; or

                     (h)  specified things;

arising in connection with, or as a result of:

                      (i)  the carrying out of work under the permit, lease, licence or authority; or

                      (j)  the doing of any other thing under the permit, lease, licence or authority;

including insurance against expenses of complying with directions relating to the clean‑up or other remediation of the effects of the escape of a greenhouse gas substance.

Direction to be in writing

             (2)  A direction under this section must be in writing.

572  Maintenance and removal of property etc. by titleholder

Titleholder and title area

             (1)  For the purposes of this section, the table has effect:

 

Titleholder and title area

Item

In the case of...

the titleholder is...

and the title area is...

1

a petroleum exploration permit

the permittee

the permit area.

2

a petroleum retention lease

the lessee

the lease area.

3

a petroleum production licence

the licensee

the licence area.

4

an infrastructure licence

the licensee

the licence area.

5

a pipeline licence

the licensee

the part of the offshore area in which the pipeline is constructed.

6

a petroleum special prospecting authority

the registered holder of the authority

the authority area.

7

a petroleum access authority

the registered holder of the authority

the authority area.

8

a greenhouse gas assessment permit

the permittee

the permit area.

9

a greenhouse gas holding lease

the lessee

the lease area.

10

a greenhouse gas injection licence

the licensee

the licence area.

11

a greenhouse gas search authority

the registered holder of the authority

the authority area.

12

a greenhouse gas special authority

the registered holder of the authority

the authority area.

Maintenance of property etc.

             (2)  A titleholder must maintain in good condition and repair all structures that are, and all equipment and other property that is:

                     (a)  in the title area; and

                     (b)  used in connection with the operations authorised by the permit, lease, licence or authority.

Removal of property etc.

             (3)  A titleholder must remove from the title area all structures that are, and all equipment and other property that is, neither used nor to be used in connection with the operations:

                     (a)  in which the titleholder is or will be engaged; and

                     (b)  that are authorised by the permit, lease, licence or authority.

Offence

             (4)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a requirement under subsection (2) or (3); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission breaches the requirement.

Penalty:  100 penalty units.

             (5)  An offence against subsection (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Exception

             (6)  Subsections (2) and (3) do not apply in relation to any structure, equipment or other property that was not brought into the title area by or with the authority of the titleholder.

Section has effect subject to other provisions etc.

             (7)  This section has effect subject to:

                     (a)  any other provision of this Act; and

                     (b)  the regulations; and

                     (c)  a direction under section 574, 574A, 576B or 580; and

                     (d)  any other law.

Note 1:       A general direction may be given to a petroleum titleholder under section 574 (by NOPSEMA) or 574A (by the responsible Commonwealth Minister).

Note 2:       A direction may be given by NOPSEMA to a petroleum titleholder under section 576B in relation to a significant offshore petroleum incident in the petroleum title area.

Part 6.1APolluter pays

Division 1General

572A  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

If there is an escape of petroleum in relation to a petroleum activity, the titleholder is required to do the following in any offshore area:

               (a)     eliminate or control the escape;

              (b)     clean up the escaped petroleum and remediate any resulting damage to the environment;

               (c)     carry out environmental monitoring of the impact of the escape on the environment.

If the titleholder fails to do any of these things, NOPSEMA or the responsible Commonwealth Minister may do them instead. The titleholder must reimburse NOPSEMA or the Commonwealth for the costs and expenses of any such action.

The titleholder must also reimburse a State or the Northern Territory for any reasonable costs or expenses incurred in doing any of the following in land or waters of the State or the Northern Territory:

               (a)     cleaning up the escaped petroleum;

              (b)     remediating any resulting damage to the environment;

               (c)     carrying out environmental monitoring of the impact of the escape on the environment.

572B  Relationship with significant offshore petroleum incident directions

                   Nothing in this Part limits the power of NOPSEMA to give a direction under section 576B in relation to an escape of petroleum.

Note:          Section 576B allows NOPSEMA to give directions dealing with significant offshore petroleum incidents.

Division 2Polluter pays

572C  Escape of petroleum—titleholder’s duty

Scope

             (1)  This section applies in the event of an escape of petroleum occurring as a result of, or in connection with, a petroleum activity in relation to any of the following titles:

                     (a)  a petroleum exploration permit;

                     (b)  a petroleum retention lease;

                     (c)  a petroleum production licence;

                     (d)  an infrastructure licence;

                     (e)  a pipeline licence.

Titleholder’s duty

             (2)  The registered holder of the title must, in an offshore area, in accordance with the environment plan for the petroleum activity:

                     (a)  as soon as possible after becoming aware of the escape of petroleum, take all reasonably practicable steps to eliminate or control it; and

                     (b)  clean up the escaped petroleum and remediate any resulting damage to the environment; and

                     (c)  carry out environmental monitoring of the impact of the escape on the environment.

Definitions

             (3)  In this section:

environment plan for a petroleum activity means an environment plan for the activity under the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage (Environment) Regulations 2009.

Note:          Environment plans are dealt with in Part 2 of those Regulations.

petroleum activity has the same meaning as in the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage (Environment) Regulations 2009.

572D  Escape of petroleum—reimbursement of NOPSEMA

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if NOPSEMA considers on reasonable grounds that the registered holder of a title has failed to comply with subsection 572C(2) in relation to an escape of petroleum.

Action taken by NOPSEMA

             (2)  NOPSEMA may do any or all of the things that NOPSEMA considers, on reasonable grounds, the registered holder of the title has failed to do to comply with subsection 572C(2).

Recovery of costs and expenses incurred by NOPSEMA

             (3)  Costs or expenses incurred by NOPSEMA in doing any thing under subsection (2) are:

                     (a)  a debt due to NOPSEMA on behalf of the Commonwealth by the registered holder of the title; and

                     (b)  recoverable by NOPSEMA on behalf of the Commonwealth in a court of competent jurisdiction.

572E  Escape of petroleum—reimbursement of responsible Commonwealth Minister

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if the responsible Commonwealth Minister considers on reasonable grounds that the registered holder of a title has failed to comply with subsection 572C(2) in relation to an escape of petroleum.

Action taken by responsible Commonwealth Minister

             (2)  The responsible Commonwealth Minister may do any or all of the things that he or she considers, on reasonable grounds, the registered holder of the title has failed to do to comply with subsection 572C(2).

Recovery of costs and expenses incurred by responsible Commonwealth Minister

             (3)  Costs or expenses incurred by the responsible Commonwealth Minister in doing any thing under subsection (2) are:

                     (a)  a debt due to the Commonwealth by the registered holder of the title; and

                     (b)  recoverable by the Commonwealth in a court of competent jurisdiction.

572F  Escape of petroleum—reimbursement of State or Northern Territory

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  there is an escape of petroleum, in relation to a title, to which subsection 572C(1) applies; and

                     (b)  a State or the Northern Territory (the relevant jurisdiction), or an agency or authority acting on behalf of the relevant jurisdiction, incurs reasonable costs or expenses (recoverable costs or expenses) in doing any of the following in the land or waters of the relevant jurisdiction:

                              (i)  cleaning up the escaped petroleum;

                             (ii)  remediating any resulting damage to the environment;

                            (iii)  carrying out environmental monitoring of the impact of the escape on the environment.

Recovery of costs and expenses incurred by the State or the Northern Territory

             (2)  The recoverable costs or expenses are:

                     (a)  a debt due to the relevant jurisdiction (or to the agency or authority acting on behalf of that jurisdiction) by the registered holder of the title; and

                     (b)  recoverable in a court of competent jurisdiction.

Other rights of action not affected

             (3)  This section does not affect any other right of action, or other remedy, that the relevant jurisdiction, an agency or authority acting on behalf of that jurisdiction or any other person may have against the registered holder of the title in relation to the escape of petroleum.

Definition

             (4)  In this section:

land or waters, of the relevant jurisdiction, are:

                     (a)  land or waters within the limits of the jurisdiction; or

                     (b)  the eligible coastal waters of the jurisdiction, within the meaning of section 650; or

                     (c)  the designated coastal waters of the jurisdiction, within the meaning of Part 6.9 (see section 644).

Part 6.2Directions relating to petroleum

Division 1Simplified outline

573  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      NOPSEMA or the responsible Commonwealth Minister may give a direction to a petroleum titleholder. A direction may extend to other persons.

•      If there is a significant offshore petroleum incident in a petroleum title area, NOPSEMA may give a specific direction to the titleholder to deal with the escape of petroleum resulting from the incident, whether within or outside the title area.

•      If there is a breach of a direction given by the Joint Authority or NOPSEMA under Chapter 2, this Chapter or the regulations, NOPSEMA may do anything required by the direction to be done, and NOPSEMA’s costs may be recovered from the person to whom the direction was given.

•      If there is a breach of a direction given by the responsible Commonwealth Minister under this Part, the responsible Commonwealth Minister may do anything required by the direction to be done, and the responsible Commonwealth Minister’s costs may be recovered from the person to whom the direction was given.

•      In a prosecution for an offence relating to a breach of:

               (a)     a direction given by the Joint Authority or NOPSEMA under Chapter 2, this Chapter or the regulations; or

              (b)     a direction given by the responsible Commonwealth Minister under this Part;

       it is a defence if the defendant proves that the defendant took all reasonable steps to comply with the direction.

Division 2General power to give directions

574  General power to give directions—NOPSEMA

Definition

             (1)  In this section:

title means:

                     (a)  a petroleum exploration permit; or

                     (b)  a petroleum retention lease; or

                     (c)  a petroleum production licence; or

                     (d)  an infrastructure licence; or

                     (e)  a pipeline licence; or

                      (f)  a petroleum special prospecting authority; or

                     (g)  a petroleum access authority.

Direction to registered holder

             (2)  NOPSEMA may, by written notice given to the registered holder of a title, give the registered holder a direction as to any matter in relation to which regulations may be made.

Note 1:       Section 782 is the main provision setting out matters in relation to which regulations may be made.

Note 2:       For enforcement, see section 576.

Note 3:       A direction under this section has no effect to the extent of any inconsistency with a direction under section 574A: see subsection 574A(12).

Note 4:       A direction under this section also has no effect to the extent of any inconsistency with a direction under section 576B (which relates to significant offshore petroleum incidents): see subsection 576C(2).

Extended application of direction

             (3)  A direction given under this section to a registered holder applies to the registered holder and may also be expressed to apply to:

                     (a)  a specified class of persons, so long as the class consists of, or is included in, either or both of the following classes:

                              (i)  employees or agents of, or persons acting on behalf of, the registered holder;

                             (ii)  persons performing work or services, whether directly or indirectly, for the registered holder; or

                     (b)  any person (other than the registered holder or a person to whom the direction applies in accordance with paragraph (a)) who is:

                              (i)  in the offshore area for any reason touching, concerning, arising out of, or connected with, exploring the seabed or subsoil of the offshore area for petroleum or exploiting the petroleum that occurs as a natural resource of that seabed or subsoil; or

                             (ii)  in, on, above, below or in the vicinity of a vessel, aircraft, structure or installation, or equipment or other property, that is in the offshore area for a reason of that kind.

             (4)  If a direction so expressed is given, the direction is taken to apply to each person included in the specified class mentioned in paragraph (3)(a) or to each person who is in the offshore area as mentioned in paragraph (3)(b), as the case may be.

Note:          For notification requirements, see section 575.

Additional matters

             (5)  NOPSEMA must not give a direction under this section of a standing or permanent nature except with the approval of the Joint Authority, but the validity of a direction is not affected by a breach of this subsection.

             (6)  A direction under this section has effect, and must be complied with, despite:

                     (a)  any previous direction under this section; and

                     (b)  anything in the regulations or the applied provisions.

Note:          For applied provisions, see subsection 80(2).

             (7)  A direction under this section may make provision in relation to a matter by applying, adopting or incorporating (with or without modification) a code of practice or standard contained in an instrument as in force or existing at the time when the direction takes effect, so long as the code of practice or standard is relevant to that matter.

             (8)  To avoid doubt, subsection (7) applies to an instrument, whether issued or made in Australia or outside Australia.

             (9)  A direction under this section may prohibit the doing of an act or thing:

                     (a)  unconditionally; or

                     (b)  subject to conditions, including conditions requiring the consent or approval of a person specified in the direction.

          (9A)  If:

                     (a)  NOPSEMA gives a direction under this section; and

                     (b)  NOPSEMA considers that the direction may have significant consequences for:

                              (i)  resource management; or

                             (ii)  resource security;

NOPSEMA must:

                     (c)  give the responsible Commonwealth Minister a copy of the direction; and

                     (d)  do so as soon as practicable after the direction was given.

Directions

           (10)  If paragraph (3)(b) applies to a direction under this section, the direction is a legislative instrument for the purposes of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

           (11)  If paragraph (3)(b) does not apply to a direction under this section, the direction is not a legislative instrument for the purposes of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

574A  General power to give directions—responsible Commonwealth Minister

Definition

             (1)  In this section:

title means:

                     (a)  a petroleum exploration permit; or

                     (b)  a petroleum retention lease; or

                     (c)  a petroleum production licence; or

                     (d)  an infrastructure licence; or

                     (e)  a pipeline licence; or

                      (f)  a petroleum special prospecting authority; or

                     (g)  a petroleum access authority.

Direction to registered holder

             (2)  The responsible Commonwealth Minister may, by written notice given to the registered holder of a title, give the registered holder a direction as to any matter in relation to which regulations may be made, so long as that matter is a matter:

                     (a)  that relates to resource management; or

                     (b)  that relates to resource security; or

                     (c)  in relation to which regulations may be made for the purposes of section 698 (which deals with data management).

Note 1:       Section 782 is the main provision setting out matters in relation to which regulations may be made.

Note 2:       For enforcement, see section 576.

Note 3:       For inconsistency between directions under this Division and Division 2A (which relates to significant offshore petroleum incidents), see subsection (12) of this section and subsection 576C(2).

Extended application of direction

             (3)  A direction given under this section to a registered holder applies to the registered holder and may also be expressed to apply to:

                     (a)  a specified class of persons, so long as the class consists of, or is included in, either or both of the following classes:

                              (i)  employees or agents of, or persons acting on behalf of, the registered holder;

                             (ii)  persons performing work or services, whether directly or indirectly, for the registered holder; or

                     (b)  any person (other than the registered holder or a person to whom the direction applies in accordance with paragraph (a)) who is:

                              (i)  in the offshore area for any reason touching, concerning, arising out of, or connected with, exploring the seabed or subsoil of the offshore area for petroleum or exploiting the petroleum that occurs as a natural resource of that seabed or subsoil; or

                             (ii)  in, on, above, below or in the vicinity of a vessel, aircraft, structure or installation, or equipment or other property, that is in the offshore area for a reason of that kind.

             (4)  If a direction so expressed is given, the direction is taken to apply to each person included in the specified class mentioned in paragraph (3)(a) or to each person who is in the offshore area as mentioned in paragraph (3)(b), as the case may be.

Note:          For notification requirements, see section 575.

Additional matters

             (5)  The responsible Commonwealth Minister must not give a direction under this section of a standing or permanent nature except with the approval of the Joint Authority, but the validity of a direction is not affected by a breach of this subsection.

             (6)  A direction under this section has effect, and must be complied with, despite:

                     (a)  any previous direction under this section; and

                     (b)  anything in the regulations (other than the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage (Safety) Regulations 2009); and

                     (c)  the applied provisions.

Note:          For applied provisions, see subsection 80(2).

             (7)  A direction under this section may make provision in relation to a matter by applying, adopting or incorporating (with or without modification) a code of practice or standard contained in an instrument as in force or existing at the time when the direction takes effect, so long as the code of practice or standard is relevant to that matter.

             (8)  To avoid doubt, subsection (7) applies to an instrument, whether issued or made in Australia or outside Australia.

             (9)  A direction under this section may prohibit the doing of an act or thing:

                     (a)  unconditionally; or

                     (b)  subject to conditions, including conditions requiring the consent or approval of a person specified in the direction.

           (10)  If a direction under this section makes provision in relation to a matter by applying, adopting or incorporating (with or without modification) a code of practice or standard, the responsible Commonwealth Minister must ensure that the text of the code of practice or standard applied, adopted or incorporated is published on the Department’s website.

           (11)  Subsection (10) does not apply if the publication would infringe copyright.

Inconsistency

           (12)  If a direction under section 574 is inconsistent with a direction under this section, the direction under section 574 has no effect to the extent of the inconsistency.

Directions

           (13)  If paragraph (3)(b) applies to a direction under this section, the direction is a legislative instrument.

           (14)  If paragraph (3)(b) does not apply to a direction under this section, the direction is not a legislative instrument.

574B  Directions may extend outside of title area

             (1)  A direction under this Division may require the registered holder of the title in relation to which the direction is given to take an action (or not to take an action) anywhere in an offshore area, whether within or outside the title area of the title.

             (2)  If a direction under this Division requires the registered holder of a title (the first title) to take an action in, or in relation to, the title area of another title (the related title), NOPSEMA must give a copy of the direction to the registered holder of the related title as soon as practicable after the direction is given to the registered holder of the first title.

Note:          A related title may cover greenhouse gas operations (see the definition of title in subsection (3)).

             (3)  In this section:

title means any title covered by section 572.

title area of a title has the meaning given by section 572 in relation to the title.

Note:          Section 572 sets out the title area for certain petroleum titles and greenhouse gas titles.

575  Notification of a direction that has an extended application

Notification

             (1)  If a direction under section 574 applies to:

                     (a)  a registered holder; and

                     (b)  a person referred to in paragraph 574(3)(a);

the registered holder must cause a copy of the notice by which the direction was given to be:

                     (c)  given to that other person; or

                     (d)  displayed at a prominent position at a place in the offshore area frequented by that other person.

             (2)  If a direction under section 574 applies to:

                     (a)  a registered holder; and

                     (b)  a person referred to in paragraph 574(3)(b);

the registered holder must cause a copy of the notice by which the direction was given to be displayed at a prominent position at a place in the offshore area.

             (3)  If a direction under section 574 applies to:

                     (a)  a registered holder; and

                     (b)  a person referred to in paragraph 574(3)(b);

NOPSEMA may, by written notice given to the registered holder, require the registered holder to cause to be displayed:

                     (c)  at such places in the offshore area; and

                     (d)  in such manner;

as are specified in the notice, copies of the notice by which the direction was given.

Notification

          (3A)  If a direction under section 574A applies to:

                     (a)  a registered holder; and

                     (b)  a person referred to in paragraph 574A(3)(a);

the registered holder must cause a copy of the notice by which the direction was given to be:

                     (c)  given to that other person; or

                     (d)  displayed at a prominent position at a place in the offshore area frequented by that other person.

          (3B)  If a direction under section 574A applies to:

                     (a)  a registered holder; and

                     (b)  a person referred to in paragraph 574A(3)(b);

the registered holder must cause a copy of the notice by which the direction was given to be displayed at a prominent position at a place in the offshore area.

          (3C)  If a direction under section 574A applies to:

                     (a)  a registered holder; and

                     (b)  a person referred to in paragraph 574A(3)(b);

the responsible Commonwealth Minister may, by written notice given to the registered holder, require the registered holder to cause to be displayed:

                     (c)  at such places in the offshore area; and

                     (d)  in such manner;

as are specified in the notice, copies of the notice by which the direction was given.

Offence

             (4)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a requirement under subsection (1), (2), (3), (3A), (3B) or (3C); and

                     (b)  the person omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the omission breaches the requirement.

Penalty: 50 penalty units.

             (5)  An offence against subsection (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

576  Compliance with direction

Offence

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a direction under section 574 or 574A; and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct breaches the direction.

Penalty:  100 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Defence

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a direction under section 574 or 574A applies to:

                              (i)  a registered holder; and

                             (ii)  another person; and

                     (b)  the other person is prosecuted for an offence against subsection (1) in relation to a breach of the direction; and

                     (c)  the other person adduces evidence that the other person did not know, and could not reasonably be expected to have known, of the existence of the direction;

the other person is not to be convicted of the offence unless the prosecution proves that the other person knew, or could reasonably be expected to have known, of the existence of the direction.

Division 2ADirections for significant offshore petroleum incidents

576A  Directions for significant offshore petroleum incidents—definitions for Division 2A

Significant offshore petroleum incidents

             (1)  In this Division, a significant offshore petroleum incident is a significant incident or occurrence that relates to any or all of the following operations in an offshore area:

                     (a)  petroleum exploration operations;

                     (b)  petroleum recovery operations;

                     (c)  operations relating to the processing or storage of petroleum;

                     (d)  operations relating to the preparation of petroleum for transport;

                     (e)  operations connected with the construction or operation of a pipeline;

                      (f)  operations relating to the decommissioning or removal of structures, equipment or other items of property that have been brought into an offshore area for or in connection with any of the operations mentioned in paragraph (a), (b), (c), (d) or (e).

Note:          For inquiries into significant offshore petroleum and greenhouse gas incidents, see Part 9.10A.

             (2)  Paragraph (1)(f) does not, by implication, limit paragraph (1)(a), (b), (c), (d) or (e).

Titles and title areas

             (3)  In this Division, the table has effect:

 

Titles and title areas

Item

A title is any of the following:

The title area for the title is ...

1

a petroleum exploration permit

the permit area.

2

a petroleum retention lease

the lease area.

3

a petroleum production licence

the licence area.

4

an infrastructure licence

the licence area.

5

a pipeline licence

the part of the offshore area in which the pipeline is constructed.

             (4)  In this Division:

related title means a title mentioned in the table in subsection 572(1).

related title area, for a related title, means the title area for the related title mentioned in the table in subsection 572(1).

related titleholder, for a related title, means the titleholder for the related title mentioned in the table in subsection 572(1).

Note:          A related title, related title area or related titleholder may cover petroleum or greenhouse gas operations.

576B  Directions for significant offshore petroleum incidents—NOPSEMA power to give directions

Power to give direction

             (1)  If a significant offshore petroleum incident has occurred in a title area that has caused, or that might cause, an escape of petroleum, NOPSEMA may, in accordance with this section, give a direction by written notice to the registered holder of the title.

             (2)  The direction may require the registered holder of the title to do any (or all) of the following within a reasonable period stated in the direction:

                     (a)  to take any action stated in the direction for the purpose of any (or all) of the following:

                              (i)  preventing the escape of petroleum;

                             (ii)  eliminating the escape of petroleum;

                            (iii)  mitigating the effects of the escape of petroleum;

                            (iv)  managing the effects of the escape of petroleum;

                             (v)  remediating the effects of the escape of petroleum;

                     (b)  to take any other action stated in the direction in relation to the escape of petroleum and its effects;

                     (c)  not to take an action stated in the direction in relation to the escape of petroleum and its effects.

             (3)  The direction may require the registered holder of the title to take an action (or not to take an action) mentioned in any (or all) of paragraphs (2)(a), (b) and (c) in relation to the possible escape of petroleum, or the possible effects of an escape of petroleum.

             (4)  For the purposes of subsection (2) or (3), the direction may prohibit the doing of an action:

                     (a)  unconditionally; or

                     (b)  subject to conditions, including conditions requiring the consent or approval of a person specified in the direction.

Action directed inside or outside of title area

             (5)  The direction may require the registered holder of the title to take an action (or not to take an action) mentioned in subsection (2) or (3) (or both) anywhere in an offshore area, whether within or outside the title area.

             (6)  If the direction requires the registered holder of the title to take an action in, or in relation to, a related title area, NOPSEMA must give a copy of the direction to the related titleholder as soon as practicable after the direction is given to the registered holder.

Standing or permanent directions

             (7)  NOPSEMA must not give a direction under this section of a standing or permanent nature except with the approval of the Joint Authority, but the validity of a direction is not affected by a breach of this subsection.

Note 1:       See also section 576C, which provides for matters related to directions made under this section.

Note 2:       Breach of a direction under this section is an offence under section 576D.

576C  Directions for significant offshore petroleum incidents—related matters

Relationship with other directions and certain laws

             (1)  A direction under section 576B has effect, and must be complied with, despite:

                     (a)  any previous direction under section 576B; and

                     (b)  any other direction under this Part (see sections 574 and 574A); and

                     (c)  anything in the regulations; and

                     (d)  the applied provisions.

Note 1:       Under section 574, NOPSEMA may give a general direction to a petroleum titleholder. Under section 574A, a general direction may be given by the responsible Commonwealth Minister.

Note 2:       For applied provisions, see subsection 80(2).

Note 3:       A direction under section 576B also overrides the obligations of the registered holder of the title under sections 569 (work practices) and 572 (structures, equipment and property): see subsections 569(8) and 572(7).

             (2)  If a direction under section 574 or 574A is inconsistent with a direction under section 576B, the direction under section 574 or 574A has no effect to the extent of the inconsistency.

Former registered holders of titles

             (3)  A person to whom a direction has been given under section 576B remains subject to the direction even if the person stops being the registered holder of the title.

Codes of practice and standards

             (4)  A direction under section 576B may make provision in relation to a matter by applying, adopting or incorporating (with or without modification) a code of practice or standard contained in an instrument as in force or existing at the time when the direction takes effect, to the extent that the code of practice or standard is relevant to that matter.

             (5)  To avoid doubt, subsection (4) applies to an instrument, whether issued or made in Australia or outside Australia.

             (6)  If a direction under section 576B makes provision in relation to a matter by applying, adopting or incorporating (with or without modification) a code of practice or standard, NOPSEMA must ensure that the text of the code of practice or standard applied, adopted or incorporated is published on NOPSEMA’s website.

             (7)  Subsection (6) does not apply if the publication would infringe copyright.

Directions are not legislative instruments

             (8)  A direction made under section 576B is not a legislative instrument.

576D  Directions for significant offshore petroleum incidents—compliance

                   A person commits an offence of strict liability if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a direction under section 576B; and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct breaches the direction.

Penalty:  100 penalty units.

Note 1:       For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Note 2:       NOPSEMA may do anything required to be done under a direction in the event of a breach of the direction (see section 577).

Note 3:       It is a defence in a prosecution for an offence against this section if the defendant proves that the defendant took all reasonable steps to comply with the direction (see section 578).

Division 3NOPSEMA or the responsible Commonwealth Minister may take action if there is a breach of a direction

577  NOPSEMA may take action if there is a breach of a direction

Action by NOPSEMA

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person is subject to a direction given by the Joint Authority or NOPSEMA under:

                              (i)  Chapter 2; or

                             (ii)  this Chapter; or

                            (iii)  Part 7.1; or

                            (iv)  the regulations; and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct breaches the direction;

NOPSEMA may do any or all of the things required by the direction to be done.

Recovery of costs and expenses incurred by NOPSEMA

             (3)  Costs or expenses incurred by NOPSEMA under subsection (1) in relation to a direction are:

                     (a)  a debt due to the Commonwealth by the person subject to the direction; and

                     (b)  recoverable in a court of competent jurisdiction.

Exception—direction that has an extended application

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a direction under section 574 applies to:

                              (i)  a registered holder; and

                             (ii)  another person; and

                     (b)  an action under subsection (3) relating to the direction is brought against the other person; and

                     (c)  the other person adduces evidence that the other person did not know, and could not reasonably be expected to have known, of the existence of the direction;

the other person is not liable under subsection (3) unless the plaintiff proves that the other person knew, or could reasonably be expected to have known, of the existence of the direction.

Defence

             (5)  In an action under subsection (3), it is a defence if the defendant proves that the defendant took all reasonable steps to comply with the direction.

577A  Responsible Commonwealth Minister may take action if there is a breach of a direction

Action by responsible Commonwealth Minister

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person is subject to a direction given by the responsible Commonwealth Minister under this Part; and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct breaches the direction;

the responsible Commonwealth Minister may do any or all of the things required by the direction to be done.

Recovery of costs and expenses incurred by the responsible Commonwealth Minister

             (2)  Costs or expenses incurred by the responsible Commonwealth Minister under subsection (1) in relation to a direction are:

                     (a)  a debt due to the Commonwealth by the person subject to the direction; and

                     (b)  recoverable in a court of competent jurisdiction.

Exception—direction that has an extended application

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a direction under section 574A applies to:

                              (i)  a registered holder; and

                             (ii)  another person; and

                     (b)  an action under subsection (2) relating to the direction is brought against the other person; and

                     (c)  the other person adduces evidence that the other person did not know, and could not reasonably be expected to have known, of the existence of the direction;

the other person is not liable under subsection (2) unless the plaintiff proves that the other person knew, or could reasonably be expected to have known, of the existence of the direction.

Defence

             (4)  In an action under subsection (2), it is a defence if the defendant proves that the defendant took all reasonable steps to comply with the direction.

Division 4Defence of taking reasonable steps to comply with a direction

578  Defence of taking reasonable steps to comply with a direction

             (1)  In a prosecution for an offence in relation to a breach of a direction given by the Joint Authority or NOPSEMA under:

                     (a)  Chapter 2; or

                     (b)  this Chapter; or

                     (c)  Part 7.1; or

                     (d)  the regulations;

it is a defence if the defendant proves that the defendant took all reasonable steps to comply with the direction.

Note:          The defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the matter in this subsection—see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code.

             (2)  In a prosecution for an offence in relation to a breach of a direction given by the responsible Commonwealth Minister under this Part, it is a defence if the defendant proves that the defendant took all reasonable steps to comply with the direction.

Note:          The defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the matter in this subsection—see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code.

Part 6.3Directions relating to greenhouse gas

Division 1Simplified outline

579  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      The responsible Commonwealth Minister may give a direction to a greenhouse gas titleholder. A direction may extend to other persons.

•      If there is a breach of a direction given by the responsible Commonwealth Minister under Chapter 3, this Chapter or the regulations, the responsible Commonwealth Minister may do anything required by the direction to be done, and the responsible Commonwealth Minister’s costs may be recovered from the person to whom the direction was given.

•      In a prosecution for an offence relating to a breach of a direction given by the responsible Commonwealth Minister under Chapter 3, this Chapter or the regulations, it is a defence if the defendant proves that the defendant took all reasonable steps to comply with the direction.

Division 2General power to give directions

580  General power to give directions

Definitions

             (1)  In this section:

greenhouse gas matter means:

                     (a)  exploring for a potential greenhouse gas storage formation; or

                     (b)  exploring for a potential greenhouse gas injection site; or

                     (c)  the injection of a greenhouse gas substance into the seabed or subsoil of an offshore area; or

                     (d)  the storage of a greenhouse gas substance in the seabed or subsoil of an offshore area.

title means:

                     (a)  a greenhouse gas assessment permit; or

                     (b)  a greenhouse gas holding lease; or

                     (c)  a greenhouse gas injection licence; or

                     (d)  a greenhouse gas search authority; or

                     (e)  a greenhouse gas special authority.

Direction to registered holder