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Sex Discrimination Act 1984

Authoritative Version
  • - C2014C00002
  • In force - Superseded Version
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Act No. 4 of 1984 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Charities (Consequential Amendments and Transitional Provisions) Act 2013
An Act relating to discrimination on the ground of sex, marital status, pregnancy, potential pregnancy, breastfeeding or family responsibilities or involving sexual harassment
Administered by: Attorney-General's
Registered 02 Jan 2014
Start Date 01 Jan 2014
End Date 17 Jun 2015

Commonwealth Coat of Arms

Sex Discrimination Act 1984

No. 4, 1984 as amended

Compilation start date:                     1 January 2014

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 98, 2013

 

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Sex Discrimination Act 1984 as in force on 1 January 2014. It includes any commenced amendment affecting the legislation to that date.

This compilation was prepared on 1 January 2014.

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending Acts and instruments and the amendment history of each amended provision.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not reflected in the text of the compiled law but the text of the amendments is included in the endnotes.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Modifications

If a provision of the compiled law is affected by a modification that is in force, details are included in the endnotes.

Provisions ceasing to have effect

If a provision of the compiled law has expired or otherwise ceased to have effect in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Part I—Preliminary                                                                                                              1

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 1

3............ Objects................................................................................................ 1

4............ Interpretation....................................................................................... 2

4A......... Meaning of family responsibilities...................................................... 9

4B......... Meaning of potential pregnancy....................................................... 10

5............ Sex discrimination............................................................................. 11

5A......... Discrimination on the ground of sexual orientation........................... 11

5B......... Discrimination on the ground of gender identity............................... 12

5C......... Discrimination on the ground of intersex status................................ 12

6............ Discrimination on the ground of marital or relationship status.......... 13

7............ Discrimination on the ground of pregnancy or potential pregnancy.. 14

7AA...... Discrimination on the ground of breastfeeding................................. 14

7A......... Discrimination on the ground of family responsibilities.................... 15

7B......... Indirect discrimination: reasonableness test....................................... 15

7C......... Burden of proof................................................................................ 16

7D......... Special measures intended to achieve equality................................... 16

8............ Act done for 2 or more reasons......................................................... 17

9............ Application of Act............................................................................. 17

10.......... Operation of State and Territory laws............................................... 20

11.......... Operation of State and Territory laws that further objects of relevant international instruments               21

12.......... Extent to which Act binds the Crown............................................... 23

13.......... Extent to which Act applies to State instrumentalities....................... 23

13A....... Application of the Criminal Code..................................................... 23

Part II—Prohibition of discrimination                                                                    24

Division 1—Discrimination in work                                                                    24

14.......... Discrimination in employment or in superannuation......................... 24

15.......... Discrimination against commission agents........................................ 25

16.......... Discrimination against contract workers........................................... 25

17.......... Partnerships...................................................................................... 26

18.......... Qualifying bodies.............................................................................. 27

19.......... Registered organisations under the Fair Work (Registered Organisations) Act 2009              27

20.......... Employment agencies........................................................................ 28

Division 2—Discrimination in other areas                                                      29

21.......... Education.......................................................................................... 29

22.......... Goods, services and facilities............................................................ 29

23.......... Accommodation................................................................................ 30

24.......... Land.................................................................................................. 31

25.......... Clubs................................................................................................. 32

26.......... Administration of Commonwealth laws and programs..................... 33

27.......... Requests for information................................................................... 33

Division 3—Sexual harassment                                                                             35

28A....... Meaning of sexual harassment......................................................... 35

28B....... Employment, partnerships etc........................................................... 35

28C....... Members of bodies with power to grant etc. occupational qualifications etc.           36

28D....... Registered organisations................................................................... 37

28E........ Employment agencies........................................................................ 37

28F........ Educational institutions..................................................................... 37

28G....... Goods, services and facilities............................................................ 38

28H....... Provision of accommodation............................................................. 38

28J........ Land.................................................................................................. 38

28K....... Clubs................................................................................................. 39

28L........ Commonwealth laws and programs.................................................. 39

Division 4—Exemptions                                                                                            40

30.......... Certain discrimination on ground of sex not unlawful...................... 40

31.......... Pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding.............................................. 41

32.......... Services for members of one sex...................................................... 41

34.......... Accommodation provided for employees or students....................... 41

35.......... Residential care of children............................................................... 42

36.......... Charities............................................................................................ 42

37.......... Religious bodies................................................................................ 43

38.......... Educational institutions established for religious purposes............... 43

39.......... Voluntary bodies............................................................................... 44

40.......... Acts done under statutory authority.................................................. 44

41.......... Insurance........................................................................................... 46

41A....... New superannuation fund conditions................................................ 47

41B....... Existing superannuation fund conditions.......................................... 49

42.......... Sport................................................................................................. 50

43.......... Combat duties etc.............................................................................. 50

43A....... Requests for information and keeping of records: not allowing for identifying as being neither male nor female    51

44.......... Commission may grant exemptions.................................................. 51

45.......... Review by Administrative Appeals Tribunal.................................... 52

46.......... Notice of decisions to be published................................................... 52

47.......... Effect of exemptions......................................................................... 52

Part III—Functions of the Australian Human Rights Commission      53

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                            53

48.......... Functions of the Commission........................................................... 53

Part IV—Offences                                                                                                               55

85.......... Unlawful act not offence unless expressly so provided.................... 55

86.......... Advertisements................................................................................. 55

87.......... Failure to provide actuarial or statistical data..................................... 55

92.......... Particulars of complaints not to be communicated............................. 56

94.......... Victimisation..................................................................................... 58

95.......... Obstruction etc.................................................................................. 59

Part V—Sex Discrimination Commissioner                                                         60

96.......... Sex Discrimination Commissioner.................................................... 60

97.......... Terms and conditions of appointment............................................... 60

98.......... Remuneration of Commissioner........................................................ 60

99.......... Leave of absence............................................................................... 60

100........ Outside employment......................................................................... 61

101........ Resignation....................................................................................... 61

102........ Termination of appointment.............................................................. 61

103........ Acting Commissioner....................................................................... 61

Part VI—Miscellaneous                                                                                                    62

104........ Delegation......................................................................................... 62

105........ Liability of persons involved in unlawful acts................................... 62

106........ Vicarious liability etc......................................................................... 62

107........ Acts done on behalf of bodies........................................................... 63

108........ Commonwealth deemed to be employer............................................ 63

110........ Unlawful act not basis of civil action unless expressly so provided.. 63

111........ Protection from civil actions.............................................................. 63

112........ Non‑disclosure of private information.............................................. 64

113........ Information stored otherwise than in written form............................ 66

114........ Commissioner to furnish information............................................... 66

116........ Regulations....................................................................................... 66

Schedule—Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women                                                                                                    67

Endnotes                                                                                                                                    83

Endnote 1—About the endnotes                                                                            83

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key                                                                                85

Endnote 3—Legislation history                                                                             86

Endnote 4—Amendment history                                                                           98

Endnote 5—Uncommenced amendments                                                       105

Australian Charities and Not‑for‑profits Commission (Consequential and Transitional) Act 2012 (No. 169, 2012)              105

Endnote 6—Modifications [none]                                                                       106

Endnote 7—Misdescribed amendments [none]                                           106

Endnote 8—Miscellaneous [none]                                                                      106

 


An Act relating to discrimination on the ground of sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy, potential pregnancy, breastfeeding or family responsibilities or involving sexual harassment

Recognising the need to prohibit, so far as is possible, discrimination against people on the ground of sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, breastfeeding or family responsibilities in the areas of work, accommodation, education, the provision of goods, facilities and services, the disposal of land, the activities of clubs and the administration of Commonwealth laws and programs:

Affirming that every individual is equal before and under the law, and has the right to the equal protection and equal benefit of the law, without discrimination on the ground of sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, breastfeeding or family responsibilities:

Part IPreliminary

  

1  Short title

                   This Act may be cited as the Sex Discrimination Act 1984.

2  Commencement

                   This Act shall come into operation on a day to be fixed by Proclamation.

3  Objects

                   The objects of this Act are:

                     (a)  to give effect to certain provisions of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women and to provisions of other relevant international instruments; and

                     (b)  to eliminate, so far as is possible, discrimination against persons on the ground of sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy or breastfeeding in the areas of work, accommodation, education, the provision of goods, facilities and services, the disposal of land, the activities of clubs and the administration of Commonwealth laws and programs; and

                   (ba)  to eliminate, so far as possible, discrimination on the ground of family responsibilities in the area of work; and

                     (c)  to eliminate, so far as is possible, discrimination involving sexual harassment in the workplace, in educational institutions and in other areas of public activity; and

                     (d)  to promote recognition and acceptance within the community of the principle of the equality of men and women.

4  Interpretation

             (1)  In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:

accommodation includes residential and business accommodation.

ACNC type of entity means an entity that meets the description of a type of entity in column 1 of the table in subsection 25‑5(5) of the Australian Charities and Not‑for‑profits Commission Act 2012.

administrative office means:

                     (a)  an office established by, or an appointment made under, a law of the Commonwealth;

                     (b)  an office established by, or an appointment made under, a law of a Territory;

                     (c)  an appointment made by the Governor‑General or a Minister otherwise than under a law of the Commonwealth or of a Territory (including the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory); and

                     (d)  an appointment as a director of an incorporated company that is a public authority of the Commonwealth;

but does not include:

                    (ea)  an office of member of the Assembly, member of the Executive, or Minister within the meaning of the Australian Capital Territory (Self‑Government) Act 1988;

                     (e)  an office of member of the Legislative Assembly, member of the Council or Minister of the Territory, within the meaning of the Northern Territory (Self‑Government) Act 1978;

                      (f)  an office of member of the Legislative Assembly within the meaning of the Norfolk Island Act 1979; or

                     (g)  an office or appointment in the Australian Public Service.

breastfeeding has a meaning affected by subsections 7AA(3) and (4).

club means an association (whether incorporated or unincorporated) of not less than 30 persons associated together for social, literary, cultural, political, sporting, athletic or other lawful purposes that:

                     (a)  provides and maintains its facilities, in whole or in part, from the funds of the association; and

                     (b)  sells or supplies liquor for consumption on its premises.

Commission means the Australian Human Rights Commission.

commission agent means a person who does work for another person as the agent of that other person and who is remunerated, whether in whole or in part, by commission.

Commissioner means the Sex Discrimination Commissioner appointed under section 96.

committee of management, in relation to a club or a registered organisation, means the group or body of persons (however described) that manages the affairs of that club or organisation, as the case may be.

Commonwealth agency means an agency within the meaning of the Privacy Act 1988.

Commonwealth employee means a person who:

                     (a)  is appointed or engaged under the Public Service Act 1999;

                     (b)  holds an administrative office;

                     (c)  is employed by a public authority of the Commonwealth;

                     (d)  holds an office or appointment in the Commonwealth Teaching Service or is employed as a temporary employee under the Commonwealth Teaching Service Act 1972;

                     (e)  is employed under the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979, the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 or the Naval Defence Act 1910; or

                      (f)  is a member of the Defence Force.

Commonwealth‑funded aged care means:

                     (a)  aged care, within the meaning of the Aged Care Act 1997:

                              (i)  that is provided by an approved provider, within the meaning of that Act; and

                             (ii)  in relation to which the approved provider has responsibilities under that Act; or

                     (b)  care or services in relation to which a grant has been paid under Chapter 5 of the Aged Care Act 1997; or

                     (c)  care or services of a class prescribed by the regulations for the purpose of this paragraph.

Commonwealth law means:

                     (a)  an Act, or a regulation, rule, by‑law or determination made under or pursuant to an Act;

                     (b)  an Ordinance of a Territory, or a regulation, rule, by‑law or determination made under or pursuant to an Ordinance of a Territory; or

                     (c)  an order or award made under or pursuant to a law referred to in paragraph (a) or (b).

Commonwealth program means a program conducted by or on behalf of the Commonwealth government.

contract worker means a person who does work for another person pursuant to a contract between the employer of the first‑mentioned person and that other person.

de facto partner has the meaning given by the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

Department means an Agency within the meaning of the Public Service Act 1999.

disability has the same meaning as in the Disability Discrimination Act 1992.

educational authority means a body or person administering an educational institution.

educational institution means a school, college, university or other institution at which education or training is provided.

employment includes:

                     (a)  part‑time and temporary employment;

                     (b)  work under a contract for services; and

                     (c)  work as a Commonwealth employee.

employment agency means any person who or body that, whether for payment or not, assists persons to find employment or other work or assists employers to find employees or workers, and includes the Commonwealth Employment Service.

enactment has the same meaning as in the Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986.

family responsibilities has the meaning given by section 4A.

function includes duty.

gender identity means the gender‑related identity, appearance or mannerisms or other gender‑related characteristics of a person (whether by way of medical intervention or not), with or without regard to the person’s designated sex at birth.

institution of tertiary education means a university, college of advanced education, technical and further education institution or other institution at which tertiary education or training is provided.

instrumentality of a State means a body or authority established for a public purpose by a law of a State and includes a technical and further education institution conducted by or on behalf of the government of a State, but does not include any other institution of tertiary education.

intersex status means the status of having physical, hormonal or genetic features that are:

                     (a)  neither wholly female nor wholly male; or

                     (b)  a combination of female and male; or

                     (c)  neither female nor male.

marital or relationship status means a person’s status of being any of the following:

                     (a)  single;

                     (b)  married;

                     (c)  married, but living separately and apart from his or her spouse;

                     (d)  divorced;

                     (e)  the de facto partner of another person;

                      (f)  the de facto partner of another person, but living separately and apart from that other person;

                     (g)  the former de facto partner of another person;

                     (h)  the surviving spouse or de facto partner of a person who has died.

near relative, in relation to a person, means:

                     (a)  a parent, child, grandparent, grandchild, brother or sister of the person; or

                     (b)  the spouse or de facto partner of the first‑mentioned person or of a person referred to in paragraph (a).

official record of a person’s sex means:

                     (a)  a record of a person’s sex in a register of births, deaths and marriages (however described); or

                     (b)  a document (however described), issued under a law of a State or Territory, the purpose of which is to identify or acknowledge a person’s sex.

potential pregnancy has a meaning affected by section 4B.

President means President of the Commission.

principal means:

                     (a)  in relation to a commission agent—a person for whom the commission agent does work as a commission agent; and

                     (b)  in relation to a contract worker—a person for whom the contract worker does work pursuant to a contract between the employer of the contract worker and the person.

principal executive, in relation to a Commonwealth agency, has the same meaning as in Part V of the Privacy Act 1988.

proposed enactment has the same meaning as in the Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986.

public authority of the Commonwealth means:

                     (a)  a body incorporated, whether before or after the commencement of this Act, for a public purpose by a law of the Commonwealth or a law of a Territory, being a body corporate employing staff on its own behalf;

                     (b)  an authority or body, not being a body corporate, established, whether before or after the commencement of this Act, for a public purpose by, or in accordance with the provisions of, a law of the Commonwealth or a law of a Territory, being an authority or body employing staff on its own behalf; or

                     (c)  an incorporated company over which the Commonwealth, or a body or authority referred to in paragraph (a) or (b), is in a position to exercise control.

registered charity means an entity that is registered under the Australian Charities and Not‑for‑profits Commission Act 2012 as the type of entity mentioned in column 1 of item 1 of the table in subsection 25‑5(5) of that Act.

registered organisation means an organisation registered, or an association recognised, under the Fair Work (Registered Organisations) Act 2009.

relevant international instrument means:

                     (a)  the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women done at New York on 18 December 1979 ([1983] ATS 9) (a copy of the English text of which is set out in the Schedule); or

                     (b)  the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights done at New York on 16 December 1966 ([1980] ATS 23); or

                     (c)  the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights done at New York on 16 December 1966 ([1976] ATS 5); or

                     (d)  the Convention on the Rights of the Child done at New York on 20 November 1989 ([1991] ATS 4); or

                     (e)  ILO Convention (No. 100) concerning Equal Remuneration for Men and Women Workers for Work of Equal Value done at Geneva on 29 June 1951 ([1975] ATS 45); or

                      (f)  ILO Convention (No. 111) concerning Discrimination in respect of Employment and Occupation done at Geneva on 25 June 1958 ([1974] ATS 12); or

                     (g)  ILO Convention (No. 156) concerning Equal Opportunities and Equal Treatment for Men and Women Workers: Workers with Family Responsibilities done at Geneva on 23 June 1981 ([1991] ATS 7); or

                     (h)  ILO Convention (No. 158) concerning Termination of Employment at the Initiative of the Employer done at Geneva on 22 June 1982 ([1994] ATS 4).

Note:          In 2010, the text of a Convention or Covenant in the Australian Treaty Series was accessible through the Australian Treaties Library on the AustLII website (www.austlii.edu.au).

services includes:

                     (a)  services relating to banking, insurance and the provision of grants, loans, credit or finance;

                     (b)  services relating to entertainment, recreation or refreshment;

                     (c)  services relating to transport or travel;

                     (d)  services of the kind provided by the members of any profession or trade; and

                     (e)  services of the kind provided by a government, a government authority or a local government body.

sexual orientation means a person’s sexual orientation towards:

                     (a)  persons of the same sex; or

                     (b)  persons of a different sex; or

                     (c)  persons of the same sex and persons of a different sex.

State, except in subsections 9(15), (16), (17) and (18), includes the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory.

superannuation benefit, in relation to a member of a superannuation fund, means a benefit that is payable, under the terms and conditions relating to the fund:

                     (a)  in the event of the member’s death—to the estate of the deceased or to someone other than the deceased; or

                     (b)  in the event of the member’s physical or mental incapacity—to the member or to someone other than the member.

superannuation fund means a superannuation or provident fund or scheme.

superannuation fund conditions, in relation to a superannuation fund, means the terms and conditions that relate to membership of, or benefits payable from, the superannuation fund.

surviving spouse or de facto partner of a person who has died means a person who was the person’s spouse or de facto partner immediately before the person died.

technical and further education institution has the same meaning as that expression has in the Employment, Education and Training Act 1988.

Territory, except in subsections 9(17) and (18), does not include the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory.

voluntary body means an association or other body (whether incorporated or unincorporated) the activities of which are not engaged in for the purpose of making a profit, but does not include:

                     (a)  a club;

                     (b)  a registered organisation;

                     (c)  a body established by a law of the Commonwealth, of a State or of a Territory; or

                     (d)  an association that provides grants, loans, credit or finance to its members.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, refusing or failing to do an act shall be deemed to be the doing of an act and a reference to an act includes a reference to a refusal or failure to do an act.

4A  Meaning of family responsibilities

             (1)  In this Act, family responsibilities, in relation to a person, means responsibilities of the person to care for or support:

                     (a)  a dependent child of the person; or

                     (b)  any other immediate family member who is in need of care and support.

             (2)  In this section:

child: without limiting who is a child of a person for the purposes of this section, each of the following is the child of a person:

                     (a)  an adopted child, stepchild or exnuptial child of the person;

                     (b)  someone who is a child of the person within the meaning of the Family Law Act 1975.

dependent child means a child who is wholly or substantially dependent on the person.

immediate family member includes:

                     (a)  a spouse of the person; and

                     (b)  an adult child, parent, grandparent, grandchild or sibling of the person or of a spouse of the person.

parent: without limiting who is a parent of a person for the purposes of this section, someone is the parent of a person if the person is his or her child because of paragraph (b) of the definition of child in this subsection.

spouse includes a former spouse, a de facto partner and a former de facto partner.

stepchild: without limiting who is a stepchild of a person for the purposes of this section, someone is the stepchild of the person if he or she would be the person’s stepchild except that the person is not legally married to the partner.

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, if one person is the child of another person because of paragraph (b) of the definition of child in subsection (2), relationships traced to or through the person are to be determined on the basis that the person is the child of the other person.

4B  Meaning of potential pregnancy

                   A reference in this Act to potential pregnancy of a woman includes a reference to:

                     (a)  the fact that the woman is or may be capable of bearing children; or

                     (b)  the fact that the woman has expressed a desire to become pregnant; or

                     (c)  the fact that the woman is likely, or is perceived as being likely, to become pregnant.

5  Sex discrimination

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a person (in this subsection referred to as the discriminator) discriminates against another person (in this subsection referred to as the aggrieved person) on the ground of the sex of the aggrieved person if, by reason of:

                     (a)  the sex of the aggrieved person;

                     (b)  a characteristic that appertains generally to persons of the sex of the aggrieved person; or

                     (c)  a characteristic that is generally imputed to persons of the sex of the aggrieved person;

the discriminator treats the aggrieved person less favourably than, in circumstances that are the same or are not materially different, the discriminator treats or would treat a person of a different sex.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, a person (the discriminator) discriminates against another person (the aggrieved person) on the ground of the sex of the aggrieved person if the discriminator imposes, or proposes to impose, a condition, requirement or practice that has, or is likely to have, the effect of disadvantaging persons of the same sex as the aggrieved person.

             (3)  This section has effect subject to sections 7B and 7D.

5A  Discrimination on the ground of sexual orientation

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a person (the discriminator) discriminates against another person (the aggrieved person) on the ground of the aggrieved person’s sexual orientation if, by reason of:

                     (a)  the aggrieved person’s sexual orientation; or

                     (b)  a characteristic that appertains generally to persons who have the same sexual orientation as the aggrieved person; or

                     (c)  a characteristic that is generally imputed to persons who have the same sexual orientation as the aggrieved person;

the discriminator treats the aggrieved person less favourably than, in circumstances that are the same or are not materially different, the discriminator treats or would treat a person who has a different sexual orientation.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, a person (the discriminator) discriminates against another person (the aggrieved person) on the ground of the aggrieved person’s sexual orientation if the discriminator imposes, or proposes to impose, a condition, requirement or practice that has, or is likely to have, the effect of disadvantaging persons who have the same sexual orientation as the aggrieved person.

             (3)  This section has effect subject to sections 7B and 7D.

5B  Discrimination on the ground of gender identity

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a person (the discriminator) discriminates against another person (the aggrieved person) on the ground of the aggrieved person’s gender identity if, by reason of:

                     (a)  the aggrieved person’s gender identity; or

                     (b)  a characteristic that appertains generally to persons who have the same gender identity as the aggrieved person; or

                     (c)  a characteristic that is generally imputed to persons who have the same gender identity as the aggrieved person;

the discriminator treats the aggrieved person less favourably than, in circumstances that are the same or are not materially different, the discriminator treats or would treat a person who has a different gender identity.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, a person (the discriminator) discriminates against another person (the aggrieved person) on the ground of the aggrieved person’s gender identity if the discriminator imposes, or proposes to impose, a condition, requirement or practice that has, or is likely to have, the effect of disadvantaging persons who have the same gender identity as the aggrieved person.

             (3)  This section has effect subject to sections 7B and 7D.

5C  Discrimination on the ground of intersex status

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a person (the discriminator) discriminates against another person (the aggrieved person) on the ground of the aggrieved person’s intersex status if, by reason of:

                     (a)  the aggrieved person’s intersex status; or

                     (b)  a characteristic that appertains generally to persons of intersex status; or

                     (c)  a characteristic that is generally imputed to persons of intersex status;

the discriminator treats the aggrieved person less favourably than, in circumstances that are the same or are not materially different, the discriminator treats or would treat a person who is not of intersex status.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, a person (the discriminator) discriminates against another person (the aggrieved person) on the ground of the aggrieved person’s intersex status if the discriminator imposes, or proposes to impose, a condition, requirement or practice that has, or is likely to have, the effect of disadvantaging persons of intersex status.

             (3)  This section has effect subject to sections 7B and 7D.

6  Discrimination on the ground of marital or relationship status

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a person (in this subsection referred to as the discriminator) discriminates against another person (in this subsection referred to as the aggrieved person) on the ground of the marital or relationship status of the aggrieved person if, by reason of:

                     (a)  the marital or relationship status of the aggrieved person; or

                     (b)  a characteristic that appertains generally to persons of the marital or relationship status of the aggrieved person; or

                     (c)  a characteristic that is generally imputed to persons of the marital or relationship status of the aggrieved person;

the discriminator treats the aggrieved person less favourably than, in circumstances that are the same or are not materially different, the discriminator treats or would treat a person of a different marital or relationship status.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, a person (the discriminator) discriminates against another person (the aggrieved person) on the ground of the marital or relationship status of the aggrieved person if the discriminator imposes, or proposes to impose, a condition, requirement or practice that has, or is likely to have, the effect of disadvantaging persons of the same marital or relationship status as the aggrieved person.

             (3)  This section has effect subject to sections 7B and 7D.

7  Discrimination on the ground of pregnancy or potential pregnancy

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a person (the discriminator) discriminates against a woman (the aggrieved woman) on the ground of the aggrieved woman’s pregnancy or potential pregnancy if, because of:

                     (a)  the aggrieved woman’s pregnancy or potential pregnancy; or

                     (b)  a characteristic that appertains generally to women who are pregnant or potentially pregnant; or

                     (c)  a characteristic that is generally imputed to women who are pregnant or potentially pregnant;

the discriminator treats the aggrieved woman less favourably than, in circumstances that are the same or are not materially different, the discriminator treats or would treat someone who is not pregnant or potentially pregnant.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, a person (the discriminator) discriminates against a woman (the aggrieved woman) on the ground of the aggrieved woman’s pregnancy or potential pregnancy if the discriminator imposes, or proposes to impose, a condition, requirement or practice that has, or is likely to have, the effect of disadvantaging women who are pregnant or potentially pregnant.

             (3)  This section has effect subject to sections 7B and 7D.

7AA  Discrimination on the ground of breastfeeding

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a person (the discriminator) discriminates against a woman (the aggrieved woman) on the ground of the aggrieved woman’s breastfeeding if, by reason of:

                     (a)  the aggrieved woman’s breastfeeding; or

                     (b)  a characteristic that appertains generally to women who are breastfeeding; or

                     (c)  a characteristic that is generally imputed to women who are breastfeeding;

the discriminator treats the aggrieved woman less favourably than, in circumstances that are the same or are not materially different, the discriminator treats or would treat someone who is not breastfeeding.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, a person (the discriminator) discriminates against a woman (the aggrieved woman) on the ground of the aggrieved woman’s breastfeeding if the discriminator imposes, or proposes to impose, a condition, requirement or practice that has, or is likely to have, the effect of disadvantaging women who are breastfeeding.

             (3)  To avoid doubt, a reference in this Act to breastfeeding includes the act of expressing milk.

             (4)  To avoid doubt, a reference in this Act to breastfeeding includes:

                     (a)  an act of breastfeeding; and

                     (b)  breastfeeding over a period of time.

             (5)  This section has effect subject to sections 7B and 7D.

7A  Discrimination on the ground of family responsibilities

                   For the purposes of this Act, an employer discriminates against an employee on the ground of the employee’s family responsibilities if:

                     (a)  the employer treats the employee less favourably than the employer treats, or would treat, a person without family responsibilities in circumstances that are the same or not materially different; and

                     (b)  the less favourable treatment is by reason of:

                              (i)  the family responsibilities of the employee; or

                             (ii)  a characteristic that appertains generally to persons with family responsibilities; or

                            (iii)  a characteristic that is generally imputed to persons with family responsibilities.

7B  Indirect discrimination: reasonableness test

             (1)  A person does not discriminate against another person by imposing, or proposing to impose, a condition, requirement or practice that has, or is likely to have, the disadvantaging effect mentioned in subsection 5(2), 5A(2), 5B(2), 5C(2), 6(2), 7(2) or 7AA(2) if the condition, requirement or practice is reasonable in the circumstances.

             (2)  The matters to be taken into account in deciding whether a condition, requirement or practice is reasonable in the circumstances include:

                     (a)  the nature and extent of the disadvantage resulting from the imposition, or proposed imposition, of the condition, requirement or practice; and

                     (b)  the feasibility of overcoming or mitigating the disadvantage; and

                     (c)  whether the disadvantage is proportionate to the result sought by the person who imposes, or proposes to impose, the condition, requirement or practice.

7C  Burden of proof

                   In a proceeding under this Act, the burden of proving that an act does not constitute discrimination because of section 7B lies on the person who did the act.

7D  Special measures intended to achieve equality

             (1)  A person may take special measures for the purpose of achieving substantive equality between:

                     (a)  men and women; or

                    (aa)  people who have different sexual orientations; or

                   (ab)  people who have different gender identities; or

                    (ac)  people who are of intersex status and people who are not; or

                     (b)  people who have different marital or relationship statuses; or

                     (c)  women who are pregnant and people who are not pregnant; or

                     (d)  women who are potentially pregnant and people who are not potentially pregnant; or

                     (e)  women who are breastfeeding and people who are not breastfeeding; or

                      (f)  people with family responsibilities and people without family responsibilities.

             (2)  A person does not discriminate against another person under section 5, 5A, 5B, 5C, 6, 7, 7AA or 7A by taking special measures authorised by subsection (1).

             (3)  A measure is to be treated as being taken for a purpose referred to in subsection (1) if it is taken:

                     (a)  solely for that purpose; or

                     (b)  for that purpose as well as other purposes, whether or not that purpose is the dominant or substantial one.

             (4)  This section does not authorise the taking, or further taking, of special measures for a purpose referred to in subsection (1) that is achieved.

8  Act done for 2 or more reasons

                   A reference in subsection 5(1), 5A(1), 5B(1), 5C(1), 6(1), 7(1) or 7AA(1) or section 7A to the doing of an act by reason of a particular matter includes a reference to the doing of such an act by reason of 2 or more matters that include the particular matter, whether or not the particular matter is the dominant or substantial reason for the doing of the act.

9  Application of Act

             (1)  In this section:

Australia includes the external Territories.

prescribed provisions of Division 3 of Part II means the provisions of Division 3 of Part II other than sections 28D and 28L.

prescribed provisions of Part II means the provisions of Divisions 1 and 2 of Part II other than sections 19, 26 and 27.

             (2)  Subject to this section, this Act applies throughout Australia.

             (3)  This Act has effect in relation to acts done within a Territory.

             (4)  The prescribed provisions of Part II, and the prescribed provisions of Division 3 of Part II, have effect as provided by subsection (3) of this section and the following provisions of this section and not otherwise.

             (5)  Sections 14, 15, 16 and 28B have effect in relation to discrimination against, and sexual harassment of:

                     (a)  Commonwealth employees in connection with their employment as Commonwealth employees; and

                     (b)  persons seeking to become Commonwealth employees.

             (6)  Sections 18 and 28C has effect in relation to discrimination by an authority or body in the exercise of a power under a Commonwealth law to confer, renew, extend, revoke or withdraw an authorization or qualification.

             (7)  The prescribed provisions of Part II have effect in relation to acts done, by or on behalf of:

                     (a)  the Commonwealth or the Administration of a Territory; or

                     (b)  a body or authority established for a public purpose by a law of the Commonwealth or a law of a Territory;

in the exercise of a power conferred by a law of the Commonwealth or a law of a Territory.

             (8)  The prescribed provisions of Division 3 of Part II have effect in relation to acts done by a person exercising, by or on behalf of:

                     (a)  the Commonwealth or the Administration of a Territory; or

                     (b)  a body or authority established for a public purpose by a law of the Commonwealth or a law of a Territory;

a power conferred by a law of the Commonwealth or a law of a Territory, being acts done by the person in connection with the exercise of that power.

             (9)  The prescribed provisions of Division 3 of Part II have effect in relation to acts done by or in relation to a person who is a Commonwealth employee in connection with the person’s duties as a Commonwealth employee or done by or in relation to a person who is a member of the staff of an educational institution established by a law of the Commonwealth or a law of a Territory in connection with the person’s duties as a member of the staff of such an educational institution.

           (10)  The prescribed provisions of Part II, and the prescribed provisions of Division 3 of Part II, have effect to the extent that the provisions give effect to a relevant international instrument.

           (11)  The prescribed provisions of Part II have effect in relation to discrimination by a foreign corporation, or a trading or financial corporation formed within the limits of the Commonwealth, or by or in relation to a person in the course of the person’s duties or purported duties as an officer or employee of such a corporation.

           (12)  The prescribed provisions of Division 3 of Part II have effect in relation to acts done, by or in relation to a person who is an officer or employee of a foreign corporation, or of a trading or financial corporation formed within the limits of the Commonwealth, in connection with the person’s duties as such an officer or employee.

           (13)  Without prejudice to the effect of subsection (11), the prescribed provisions of Part II have effect in relation to discrimination by a trading or financial corporation formed within the limits of the Commonwealth, or by or in relation to a person in the course of the person’s duties or purported duties as an officer or employee of such a corporation, to the extent that the discrimination takes place in the course of the trading activities of the trading corporation or the financial activities of the financial corporation, as the case may be.

           (14)  Without prejudice to the effect of subsection (12), the prescribed provisions of Division 3 of Part II have effect in relation to acts done, by or in relation to a person who is an officer or employee of a trading or financial corporation formed within the limits of the Commonwealth, in connection with any of the person’s duties as such an officer or employee that relate to the trading activities of the trading corporation or the financial activities of the financial corporation, as the case may be.

           (15)  The prescribed provisions of Part II have effect in relation to discrimination in the course of, or in relation to, the carrying on of the business of:

                     (a)  banking, other than State banking not extending beyond the limits of the State concerned; or

                     (b)  insurance, other than State insurance not extending beyond the limits of the State concerned.

           (16)  The prescribed provisions of Division 3 of Part II have effect in relation to acts done in the course of, or in relation to, the carrying on of the business of:

                     (a)  banking, other than State banking not extending beyond the limits of the State concerned; or

                     (b)  insurance, other than State insurance not extending beyond the limits of the State concerned.

           (17)  The prescribed provisions of Part II have effect in relation to discrimination in the course of, or in relation to, trade or commerce:

                     (a)  between Australia and a place outside Australia;

                     (b)  among the States;

                     (c)  between a State and a Territory; or

                     (d)  between 2 Territories.

           (18)  The prescribed provisions of Division 3 of Part II have effect in relation to acts done in the course of, or in relation to, trade or commerce:

                     (a)  between Australia and a place outside Australia;

                     (b)  among the States;

                     (c)  between a State and a Territory; or

                     (d)  between 2 Territories.

           (19)  The prescribed provisions of Part II have effect in relation to discrimination within Australia involving persons or things, or matters arising, outside Australia.

           (20)  The prescribed provisions of Division 3 of Part II have effect in relation to acts done within Australia involving persons or things, or matters arising, outside Australia.

           (21)  The prescribed provisions of Division 3 of Part II have effect in relation to acts done using a postal, telegraphic, telephonic or other like service (within the meaning of paragraph 51(v) of the Constitution).

10  Operation of State and Territory laws

             (1)  A reference in this section to this Act is a reference to this Act as it has effect by virtue of any of the provisions of section 9 other than subsection 9(10).

             (2)  A reference in this section to a law of a State or Territory is a reference to a law of a State or Territory that deals with discrimination on the ground of sex, discrimination on the ground of sexual orientation, discrimination on the ground of gender identity, discrimination on the ground of intersex status, discrimination on the ground of marital or relationship status, discrimination on the ground of pregnancy or potential pregnancy, discrimination on the ground of breastfeeding or discrimination on the ground of family responsibilities.

             (3)  This Act is not intended to exclude or limit the operation of a law of a State or Territory that is capable of operating concurrently with this Act.

             (4)  Where:

                     (a)  a law of a State or Territory deals with a matter dealt with by this Act; and

                     (b)  a person has made a complaint, instituted a proceeding or taken any other action under that law in respect of an act or omission in respect of which the person would, but for this subsection, have been entitled to make a complaint under the Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986 alleging that the act or omission is unlawful under a provision of Part II of this Act;

the person is not entitled to make a complaint or institute a proceeding under the Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986 alleging that the act or omission is unlawful under a provision of Part II of this Act.

             (5)  Where:

                     (a)  a law of a State or Territory deals with a matter dealt with by this Act; and

                     (b)  an act or omission by a person that constitutes an offence against that law also constitutes an offence against this Act;

the person may be prosecuted and convicted either under that law of the State or Territory or under this Act, but nothing in this subsection renders a person liable to be punished more than once in respect of the same act or omission.

11  Operation of State and Territory laws that further objects of relevant international instruments

             (1)  A reference in this section to this Act is a reference to this Act as it has effect by virtue of subsection 9(10).

             (2)  A reference in this section to a law of a State or Territory is a reference to a law of a State or Territory that deals with discrimination on the ground of sex, discrimination on the ground of sexual orientation, discrimination on the ground of gender identity, discrimination on the ground of intersex status, discrimination on the ground of marital or relationship status, discrimination on the ground of pregnancy or potential pregnancy, discrimination on the ground of breastfeeding or discrimination on the ground of family responsibilities.

             (3)  This Act is not intended to exclude or limit the operation of a law of a State or Territory that furthers the objects of a relevant international instrument and is capable of operating concurrently with this Act.

             (4)  Where:

                     (a)  a law of a State or Territory that furthers the objects of a relevant international instrument deals with a matter dealt with by this Act; and

                     (b)  a person has made a complaint, instituted a proceeding or taken any other action under that law in respect of an act or omission in respect of which the person would, but for this subsection, have been entitled to make a complaint under the Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986 alleging that the act or omission is unlawful under a provision of Part II of this Act;

the person is not entitled to make a complaint or institute a proceeding under the Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986 alleging that the act or omission is unlawful under a provision of Part II of this Act.

             (5)  Where:

                     (a)  a law of a State or Territory that furthers the objects of a relevant international instrument deals with a matter dealt with by this Act; and

                     (b)  an act or omission by a person that constitutes an offence against that law also constitutes an offence against this Act;

the person may be prosecuted and convicted either under that law of the State or Territory or under this Act, but nothing in this subsection renders a person liable to be punished more than once in respect of the same act or omission.

12  Extent to which Act binds the Crown

             (1)  This Act binds the Crown in right of the Commonwealth and of Norfolk Island but, except as otherwise expressly provided by this Act, does not bind the Crown in right of a State.

             (2)  Nothing in this Act renders the Crown in right of the Commonwealth, of a State or of Norfolk Island liable to be prosecuted for an offence.

13  Extent to which Act applies to State instrumentalities

             (1)  Section 14 does not apply in relation to employment by an instrumentality of a State.

             (2)  Section 28B does not apply in relation to an act done by an employee of a State or of an instrumentality of a State.

13A  Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code applies to all offences against this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

Part IIProhibition of discrimination

Division 1Discrimination in work

14  Discrimination in employment or in superannuation

             (1)  It is unlawful for an employer to discriminate against a person on the ground of the person’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, breastfeeding or family responsibilities:

                     (a)  in the arrangements made for the purpose of determining who should be offered employment;

                     (b)  in determining who should be offered employment; or

                     (c)  in the terms or conditions on which employment is offered.

             (2)  It is unlawful for an employer to discriminate against an employee on the ground of the employee’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, breastfeeding or family responsibilities:

                     (a)  in the terms or conditions of employment that the employer affords the employee;

                     (b)  by denying the employee access, or limiting the employee’s access, to opportunities for promotion, transfer or training, or to any other benefits associated with employment;

                     (c)  by dismissing the employee; or

                     (d)  by subjecting the employee to any other detriment.

             (3)  Nothing in paragraph (1)(a) or (b) renders it unlawful for a person to discriminate against another person, on the ground of the other person’s sex, in connection with employment to perform domestic duties on the premises on which the first‑mentioned person resides.

             (4)  Where a person exercises a discretion in relation to the payment of a superannuation benefit to or in respect of a member of a superannuation fund, it is unlawful for the person to discriminate, in the exercise of the discretion, against the member or another person on the ground, in either case, of the sex, sexual orientation or marital or relationship status of the member or that other person.

             (5)  Subsection (4) does not apply if section 41B applies to that member in respect of that fund.

             (6)  In this section:

member, in relation to a superannuation fund, includes a person who has been a member of the fund at any time.

15  Discrimination against commission agents

             (1)  It is unlawful for a principal to discriminate against a person on the ground of the person’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, breastfeeding or family responsibilities:

                     (a)  in the arrangements the principal makes for the purpose of determining who should be engaged as a commission agent;

                     (b)  in determining who should be engaged as a commission agent; or

                     (c)  in the terms or conditions on which the person is engaged as a commission agent.

             (2)  It is unlawful for a principal to discriminate against a commission agent on the ground of the commission agent’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, breastfeeding or family responsibilities:

                     (a)  in the terms or conditions that the principal affords the commission agent as a commission agent;

                     (b)  by denying the commission agent access, or limiting the commission agent’s access, to opportunities for promotion, transfer or training, or to any other benefits associated with the position as a commission agent;

                     (c)  by terminating the engagement; or

                     (d)  by subjecting the commission agent to any other detriment.

16  Discrimination against contract workers

                   It is unlawful for a principal to discriminate against a contract worker on the ground of the contract worker’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, breastfeeding or family responsibilities:

                     (a)  in the terms or conditions on which the principal allows the contract worker to work;

                     (b)  by not allowing the contract worker to work or continue to work;

                     (c)  by denying the contract worker access, or limiting the contract worker’s access, to any benefit associated with the work in respect of which the contract with the employer is made; or

                     (d)  by subjecting the contract worker to any other detriment.

17  Partnerships

             (1)  It is unlawful for 6 or more persons, being persons who are proposing to form themselves into a partnership, to discriminate against a person on the ground of the person’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, breastfeeding or family responsibilities:

                     (a)  in determining who should be invited to become a partner in the partnership; or

                     (b)  in the terms or conditions on which the person is invited to become a partner in the partnership.

             (2)  It is unlawful for any one or more of the partners in a partnership consisting of 6 or more partners to discriminate against a person on the ground of the person’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, breastfeeding or family responsibilities:

                     (a)  in determining who should be invited to become a partner in the partnership; or

                     (b)  in the terms or conditions on which the person is invited to become a partner in the partnership.

             (3)  It is unlawful for any one or more of the partners in a partnership consisting of 6 or more partners to discriminate against a partner in the partnership on the ground of the partner’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, breastfeeding or family responsibilities:

                     (a)  by denying the partner access, or limiting the partner’s access, to any benefit arising from being a partner in the partnership;

                     (b)  by expelling the partner from the partnership; or

                     (c)  by subjecting the partner to any other detriment.

18  Qualifying bodies

                   It is unlawful for an authority or body that is empowered to confer, renew, extend, revoke or withdraw an authorization or qualification that is needed for or facilitates the practice of a profession, the carrying on of a trade or the engaging in of an occupation to discriminate against a person on the ground of the person’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, breastfeeding or family responsibilities:

                     (a)  by refusing or failing to confer, renew or extend the authorization or qualification;

                     (b)  in the terms or conditions on which it is prepared to confer the authorization or qualification or to renew or extend the authorization or qualification; or

                     (c)  by revoking or withdrawing the authorization or qualification or varying the terms or conditions upon which it is held.

19  Registered organisations under the Fair Work (Registered Organisations) Act 2009

             (1)  It is unlawful for a registered organisation, the committee of management of a registered organisation or a member of the committee of management of a registered organisation to discriminate against a person, on the ground of the person’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, breastfeeding or family responsibilities:

                     (a)  by refusing or failing to accept the person’s application for membership; or

                     (b)  in the terms or conditions on which the organisation is prepared to admit the person to membership.

             (2)  It is unlawful for a registered organisation, the committee of management of a registered organisation or a member of the committee of management of a registered organisation to discriminate against a person who is a member of the registered organisation, on the ground of the member’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, breastfeeding or family responsibilities:

                     (a)  by denying the member access, or limiting the member’s access, to any benefit provided by the organisation;

                     (b)  by depriving the member of membership or varying the terms of membership; or

                     (c)  by subjecting the member to any other detriment.

20  Employment agencies

                   It is unlawful for an employment agency to discriminate against a person on the ground of the person’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, breastfeeding or family responsibilities:

                     (a)  by refusing to provide the person with any of its services;

                     (b)  in the terms or conditions on which it offers to provide the person with any of its services; or

                     (c)  in the manner in which it provides the person with any of its services.

Division 2Discrimination in other areas

21  Education

             (1)  It is unlawful for an educational authority to discriminate against a person on the ground of the person’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, or breastfeeding:

                     (a)  by refusing or failing to accept the person’s application for admission as a student; or

                     (b)  in the terms or conditions on which it is prepared to admit the person as a student.

             (2)  It is unlawful for an educational authority to discriminate against a student on the ground of the student’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, or breastfeeding:

                     (a)  by denying the student access, or limiting the student’s access, to any benefit provided by the educational authority;

                     (b)  by expelling the student; or

                     (c)  by subjecting the student to any other detriment.

             (3)  Nothing in this section applies to or in respect of a refusal or failure to accept a person’s application for admission as a student at an educational institution where:

                     (a)  the educational institution is conducted solely for students of a different sex from the sex of the applicant; or

                     (b)  except in the case of an institution of tertiary education—education or training at the level at which the applicant is seeking education or training is provided by the educational institution only or mainly for students of a different sex from the sex of the applicant.

             (4)  This section binds the Crown in right of a State.

22  Goods, services and facilities

             (1)  It is unlawful for a person who, whether for payment or not, provides goods or services, or makes facilities available, to discriminate against another person on the ground of the other person’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, or breastfeeding:

                     (a)  by refusing to provide the other person with those goods or services or to make those facilities available to the other person;

                     (b)  in the terms or conditions on which the first‑mentioned person provides the other person with those goods or services or makes those facilities available to the other person; or

                     (c)  in the manner in which the first‑mentioned person provides the other person with those goods or services or makes those facilities available to the other person.

             (2)  This section binds the Crown in right of a State.

23  Accommodation

             (1)  It is unlawful for a person, whether as principal or agent, to discriminate against another person on the ground of the other person’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, or breastfeeding:

                     (a)  by refusing the other person’s application for accommodation;

                     (b)  in the terms or conditions on which accommodation is offered to the other person; or

                     (c)  by deferring the other person’s application for accommodation or according to the other person a lower order of precedence in any list of applicants for that accommodation.

             (2)  It is unlawful for a person, whether as principal or agent, to discriminate against another person on the ground of the other person’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, or breastfeeding:

                     (a)  by denying the other person access, or limiting the other person’s access, to any benefit associated with accommodation occupied by the other person;

                     (b)  by evicting the other person from accommodation occupied by the other person; or

                     (c)  by subjecting the other person to any other detriment in relation to accommodation occupied by the other person.

             (3)  Nothing in this section applies to or in respect of:

                     (a)  the provision of accommodation in premises if:

                              (i)  the person who provides or proposes to provide the accommodation or a near relative of that person resides, and intends to continue to reside, on those premises; and

                             (ii)  the accommodation provided in those premises is for no more than 3 persons other than a person referred to in subparagraph (i) or near relatives of such a person; or

                     (b)  accommodation provided by a religious body; or

                     (c)  accommodation provided by:

                              (i)  an entity registered under the Australian Charities and Not‑for‑profits Commission Act 2012; or

                             (ii)  a not‑for‑profit entity that is not an ACNC type of entity;

                            solely for persons of one sex or solely for persons of one or more particular marital or relationship statuses.

          (3A)  Paragraph (3)(b) does not apply to accommodation provided by a religious body in connection with the provision, by the body, of Commonwealth‑funded aged care.

             (4)  This section binds the Crown in right of a State.

24  Land

             (1)  It is unlawful for a person, whether as principal or agent, to discriminate against another person on the ground of the other person’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, or breastfeeding:

                     (a)  by refusing or failing to dispose of an estate or interest in land to the other person; or

                     (b)  in the terms or conditions on which an estate or interest in land is offered to the other person.

             (2)  This section does not apply in relation to a disposal of an estate or interest in land by will or by way of gift.

             (3)  This section binds the Crown in right of a State.

25  Clubs

             (1)  It is unlawful for a club, the committee of management of a club or a member of the committee of management of a club to discriminate against a person who is not a member of the club on the ground of the person’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, or breastfeeding:

                     (a)  by refusing or failing to accept the person’s application for membership; or

                     (b)  in the terms or conditions on which the club is prepared to admit the person to membership.

             (2)  It is unlawful for a club, the committee of management of a club or a member of the committee of management of a club to discriminate against a person who is a member of the club on the ground of the member’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, or breastfeeding:

                     (a)  in the terms or conditions of membership that are afforded to the member;

                     (b)  by refusing or failing to accept the member’s application for a particular class or type of membership;

                     (c)  by denying the member access, or limiting the member’s access, to any benefit provided by the club;

                     (d)  by depriving the member of membership or varying the terms of membership; or

                     (e)  by subjecting the member to any other detriment.

             (3)  Nothing in subsection (1) or (2) renders it unlawful to discriminate against a person on the ground of the person’s sex if membership of the club is available to persons of a different sex only.

             (4)  Nothing in subsection (1), other than paragraph (1)(a), or subsection (2) renders it unlawful to discriminate against a person on the ground of the person’s sex if the discrimination occurs in relation to the use or enjoyment of any benefit provided by the club where:

                     (a)  it is not practicable for the benefit to be used or enjoyed:

                              (i)  simultaneously; or

                             (ii)  to the same extent;

                            by both men and women; and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  the same, or an equivalent, benefit is provided for the use of men and women separately from each other; or

                             (ii)  men and women are each entitled to a fair and reasonable proportion of the use and enjoyment of the benefit.

             (5)  In determining any matter relating to the application of subsection (4), regard shall be had to:

                     (a)  the purposes for which the club is established;

                     (b)  the membership of the club, including any class or type of membership;

                     (c)  the nature of the benefits provided by the club;

                     (d)  the opportunities for the use and enjoyment of those benefits by men and women; and

                     (e)  any other relevant circumstances.

26  Administration of Commonwealth laws and programs

             (1)  It is unlawful for a person who performs any function or exercises any power under a Commonwealth law or for the purposes of a Commonwealth program, or has any other responsibility for the administration of a Commonwealth law or the conduct of a Commonwealth program, to discriminate against another person, on the ground of the other person’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, or breastfeeding, in the performance of that function, the exercise of that power or the fulfilment of that responsibility.

             (2)  This section binds the Crown in right of a State.

27  Requests for information

             (1)  It is unlawful for a person (the first person) to request or require another person (the other person) to provide information (whether by way of completing a form or otherwise) if:

                     (a)  the information is requested or required in connection with, or for the purposes of, the first person doing a particular act; and

                     (b)  under Division 1 or this Division, it would be unlawful in particular circumstances for the first person, in doing that act, to discriminate against the other person on the ground of the other person’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, breastfeeding or family responsibilities; and

                     (c)  persons:

                              (i)  of a different sex; or

                            (ia)  who have a different sexual orientation; or

                            (ib)  who have a different gender identity; or

                            (ic)  who are not of intersex status; or

                             (ii)  who have a different marital or relationship status; or

                            (iii)  who are not pregnant or potentially pregnant; or

                            (iv)  who are not breastfeeding; or

                             (v)  without family responsibilities;

                            as the case requires, would not be requested or required to provide the information in circumstances that are the same or not materially different.

Example:    Under section 14 of Division 1, it is unlawful to determine not to offer employment to a woman because she is pregnant or might become pregnant. Under this section, it is therefore also unlawful to ask a woman during a job interview whether she is pregnant or intends to become pregnant if that information is requested in connection with determining whether to offer her employment.

             (2)  Nothing in subsection (1) renders it unlawful for a person to request or require:

                     (a)  a person of a particular sex to provide information concerning such part of the last‑mentioned person’s medical history as relates to medical conditions that affect persons of that sex only; or

                     (b)  a person who is pregnant to provide medical information concerning the pregnancy.

Note:          Information obtained under this subsection may be used provided the use is not for the purpose of a discriminatory act that is unlawful under any other section of this Act. For example, an employer may use such information for a purpose connected with occupational health and safety, but only if doing so does not amount to unlawful discrimination.

             (3)  This section binds the Crown in right of a State.

Division 3Sexual harassment

28A  Meaning of sexual harassment

             (1)  For the purposes of this Division, a person sexually harasses another person (the person harassed) if:

                     (a)  the person makes an unwelcome sexual advance, or an unwelcome request for sexual favours, to the person harassed; or

                     (b)  engages in other unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature in relation to the person harassed;

in circumstances in which a reasonable person, having regard to all the circumstances, would have anticipated the possibility that the person harassed would be offended, humiliated or intimidated.

          (1A)  For the purposes of subsection (1), the circumstances to be taken into account include, but are not limited to, the following:

                     (a)  the sex, age, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, religious belief, race, colour, or national or ethnic origin, of the person harassed;

                     (b)  the relationship between the person harassed and the person who made the advance or request or who engaged in the conduct;

                     (c)  any disability of the person harassed;

                     (d)  any other relevant circumstance.

             (2)  In this section:

conduct of a sexual nature includes making a statement of a sexual nature to a person, or in the presence of a person, whether the statement is made orally or in writing.

28B  Employment, partnerships etc.

             (1)  It is unlawful for a person to sexually harass:

                     (a)  an employee of the person; or

                     (b)  a person who is seeking to become an employee of the person.

             (2)  It is unlawful for an employee to sexually harass a fellow employee or a person who is seeking employment with the same employer.

             (3)  It is unlawful for a person to sexually harass:

                     (a)  a commission agent or contract worker of the person; or

                     (b)  a person who is seeking to become a commission agent or contract worker of the person.

             (4)  It is unlawful for a commission agent or contract worker to sexually harass a fellow commission agent or fellow contract worker.

             (5)  It is unlawful for a partner in a partnership to sexually harass another partner, or a person who is seeking to become a partner, in the same partnership.

             (6)  It is unlawful for a workplace participant to sexually harass another workplace participant at a place that is a workplace of either or both of those persons.

             (7)  In this section:

place includes a ship, aircraft or vehicle.

workplace means a place at which a workplace participant works or otherwise carries out functions in connection with being a workplace participant.

workplace participant means any of the following:

                     (a)  an employer or employee;

                     (b)  a commission agent or contract worker;

                     (c)  a partner in a partnership.

28C  Members of bodies with power to grant etc. occupational qualifications etc.

             (1)  It is unlawful for a member of an authority or body that has power to take action in connection with an occupational qualification to sexually harass a person seeking action in connection with an occupational qualification.

             (2)  In this section:

action in connection with an occupational qualification means conferring, renewing, extending, revoking or withdrawing an authorisation or qualification that is needed for, or facilitates:

                     (a)  practising a profession; or

                     (b)  carrying on a trade; or

                     (c)  engaging in an occupation.

28D  Registered organisations

                   It is unlawful for:

                     (a)  a member of a registered organisation; or

                     (b)  a member of the staff of a registered organisation;

to sexually harass a member of the organisation, or a person who is seeking to become a member of the organisation.

28E  Employment agencies

                   It is unlawful for:

                     (a)  a person who operates an employment agency; or

                     (b)  a member of the staff of an employment agency;

to sexually harass another person in the course of providing, or offering to provide, any of the agency’s services to that other person.

28F  Educational institutions

             (1)  It is unlawful for a member of the staff of an educational institution to sexually harass:

                     (a)  a person who is a student at the institution; or

                     (b)  a person who is seeking to become a student at the institution.

             (2)  It is unlawful for a person who is an adult student at an educational institution to sexually harass:

                     (a)  a person who is a student at the institution; or

                     (b)  a member of the staff of the institution.

          (2A)  It is unlawful for a person (the first person) who is a member of the staff of an educational institution (the first educational institution) to sexually harass a person who is a student at another educational institution if the sexual harassment occurs in connection with the first person being a member of staff of the first educational institution.

          (2B)  It is unlawful for a person (the first person) who is an adult student at an educational institution (the first educational institution) to sexually harass:

                     (a)  a person who is a student at another educational institution; or

                     (b)  a member of the staff of another educational institution;

if the sexual harassment occurs in connection with the first person being a student at the first educational institution.

             (3)  In this section:

adult student means a student who has attained the age of 16 years.

28G  Goods, services and facilities

             (1)  It is unlawful for a person to sexually harass another person in the course of providing, or offering to provide, goods, services or facilities to that other person.

             (2)  It is unlawful for a person to sexually harass another person in the course of seeking, or receiving, goods, services or facilities from that other person.

28H  Provision of accommodation

             (1)  It is unlawful for a person to sexually harass another person in the course of providing, or offering to provide, (whether as principal or agent) accommodation to that other person.

             (2)  This section does not apply to anything done by a person in the course of providing, or offering to provide, accommodation to a near relative.

28J  Land

                   It is unlawful for a person to sexually harass another person in the course of dealing (whether as principal or agent) with that other person in connection with:

                     (a)  disposing of, or offering to dispose of, an estate or interest in land to the other person; or

                     (b)  acquiring, or offering to acquire, an estate or interest in land from the other person.

28K  Clubs

                   It is unlawful for a member of the committee of management of a club to sexually harass a member of the club or a person seeking to become a member of the club.

28L  Commonwealth laws and programs

                   It is unlawful for a person:

                     (a)  in the course of performing any function, or exercising any power, under a Commonwealth law or for the purposes of a Commonwealth program; or

                     (b)  in the course of carrying out any other responsibility for the administration of a Commonwealth law or the conduct of a Commonwealth program;

to sexually harass another person.

Division 4Exemptions

30  Certain discrimination on ground of sex not unlawful

             (1)  Nothing in paragraph 14(1)(a) or (b), 15(1)(a) or (b) or 16(b) renders it unlawful for a person to discriminate against another person, on the ground of the other person’s sex, in connection with a position as an employee, commission agent or contract worker, being a position in relation to which it is a genuine occupational qualification to be a person of a different sex from the sex of the other person.

             (2)  Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), it is a genuine occupational qualification, in relation to a particular position, to be a person of a particular sex (in this subsection referred to as the relevant sex) if:

                     (a)  the duties of the position can be performed only by a person having particular physical attributes (other than attributes of strength or stamina) that are not possessed by persons of a different sex from the relevant sex;

                     (b)  the duties of the position involve performing in a dramatic performance or other entertainment in a role that, for reasons of authenticity, aesthetics or tradition, is required to be performed by a person of the relevant sex;

                     (c)  the duties of the position need to be performed by a person of the relevant sex to preserve decency or privacy because they involve the fitting of clothing for persons of that sex;

                     (d)  the duties of the position include the conduct of searches of the clothing or bodies of persons of the relevant sex;

                     (e)  the occupant of the position is required to enter a lavatory ordinarily used by persons of the relevant sex while the lavatory is in use by persons of that sex;

                      (f)  the occupant of the position is required to live on premises provided by the employer or principal of the occupant of the position and:

                              (i)  the premises are not equipped with separate sleeping accommodation and sanitary facilities for persons of each sex;

                             (ii)  the premises are already occupied by a person or persons of the relevant sex and are not occupied by any person of a different sex from the relevant sex; and

                            (iii)  it is not reasonable to expect the employer or principal to provide separate sleeping accommodation and sanitary facilities for persons of each sex;

                     (g)  the occupant of the position is required to enter areas ordinarily used only by persons of the relevant sex while those persons are in a state of undress; or

                     (h)  the position is declared, by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph, to be a position in relation to which it is a genuine occupational qualification to be a person of a particular sex.

31  Pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding

                   Nothing in Division 1 or 2 renders it unlawful for a person to discriminate against a man on the ground of his sex by reason only of the fact that the first‑mentioned person grants to a woman rights or privileges in connection with pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding.

32  Services for members of one sex

                   Nothing in Division 1 or 2 applies to or in relation to the provision of services the nature of which is such that they can only be provided to members of one sex.

34  Accommodation provided for employees or students

             (1)  Nothing in Division 1 or 2 renders it unlawful for an employer who provides accommodation to employees of the employer to provide accommodation of different standards to different employees where:

                     (a)  the standard of the accommodation provided to each employee is determined having regard to the number of persons in the household of the employee; and

                     (b)  it is not reasonable to expect the employer to provide accommodation of the same standard for all employees.

             (2)  Nothing in Division 1 or 2 applies to or in relation to the provision of accommodation, where the accommodation is provided solely for persons of one sex who are students at an educational institution.

35  Residential care of children

             (1)  Nothing in paragraph 14(1)(a) or (b) or 16(b) renders it unlawful for a person to discriminate against another person on the ground of the other person’s sex in connection with a position as an employee or contract worker, where the duties of the position involve the care of a child or children in the place where the child or children resides or reside.

             (2)  Nothing in paragraph 14(1)(a) or (b), 14(2)(c) or 16(b) renders it unlawful for a person to discriminate against another person on the ground of the other person’s marital or relationship status in connection with a position as an employee or contract worker of a particular employer or principal, where:

                     (a)  the duties of the position involve the care of a child or children in the place where the child or children resides or reside; and

                     (b)  it is intended that the spouse or de facto partner of the occupant of the position would also occupy a position as an employee or contract worker of that employer or principal.

36  Charities

                   Divisions 1 and 2 do not:

                     (a)  affect a provision (whether made before or after the commencement of this Part) of the governing rules (within the meaning of the Australian Charities and Not‑for‑profits Commission Act 2012) of a registered charity, if the provision:

                              (i)  confers benefits for charitable purposes; or

                             (ii)  enables such benefits to be conferred;

                            wholly or in part on persons of a class identified by reference to any one or more of the grounds of discrimination referred to in this Act; or

                     (b)  make unlawful any act done to give effect to such a provision.

37  Religious bodies

             (1)  Nothing in Division 1 or 2 affects:

                     (a)  the ordination or appointment of priests, ministers of religion or members of any religious order;

                     (b)  the training or education of persons seeking ordination or appointment as priests, ministers of religion or members of a religious order;

                     (c)  the selection or appointment of persons to perform duties or functions for the purposes of or in connection with, or otherwise to participate in, any religious observance or practice; or

                     (d)  any other act or practice of a body established for religious purposes, being an act or practice that conforms to the doctrines, tenets or beliefs of that religion or is necessary to avoid injury to the religious susceptibilities of adherents of that religion.

             (2)  Paragraph (1)(d) does not apply to an act or practice of a body established for religious purposes if:

                     (a)  the act or practice is connected with the provision, by the body, of Commonwealth‑funded aged care; and

                     (b)  the act or practice is not connected with the employment of persons to provide that aged care.

38  Educational institutions established for religious purposes

             (1)  Nothing in paragraph 14(1)(a) or (b) or 14(2)(c) renders it unlawful for a person to discriminate against another person on the ground of the other person’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or relationship status or pregnancy in connection with employment as a member of the staff of an educational institution that is conducted in accordance with the doctrines, tenets, beliefs or teachings of a particular religion or creed, if the first‑mentioned person so discriminates in good faith in order to avoid injury to the religious susceptibilities of adherents of that religion or creed.

             (2)  Nothing in paragraph 16(b) renders it unlawful for a person to discriminate against another person on the ground of the other person’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or relationship status or pregnancy in connection with a position as a contract worker that involves the doing of work in an educational institution that is conducted in accordance with the doctrines, tenets, beliefs or teachings of a particular religion or creed, if the first‑mentioned person so discriminates in good faith in order to avoid injury to the religious susceptibilities of adherents of that religion or creed.

             (3)  Nothing in section 21 renders it unlawful for a person to discriminate against another person on the ground of the other person’s sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or relationship status or pregnancy in connection with the provision of education or training by an educational institution that is conducted in accordance with the doctrines, tenets, beliefs or teachings of a particular religion or creed, if the first‑mentioned person so discriminates in good faith in order to avoid injury to the religious susceptibilities of adherents of that religion or creed.

39  Voluntary bodies

                   Nothing in Division 1 or 2 renders it unlawful for a voluntary body to discriminate against a person, on the ground of the person’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy, breastfeeding or family responsibilities, in connection with:

                     (a)  the admission of persons as members of the body; or

                     (b)  the provision of benefits, facilities or services to members of the body.

40  Acts done under statutory authority

             (1)  Nothing in Division 1 or 2 affects anything done by a person in direct compliance with:

                     (c)  a determination or decision of the Commission;

                     (d)  an order of a court; or

                     (e)  an order, determination or award of a court or tribunal having power to fix minimum wages and other terms and conditions of employment; or

                     (g)  an instrument (an industrial instrument) that is:

                              (i)  a fair work instrument (within the meaning of the Fair Work Act 2009); or

                             (ii)  a transitional instrument or Division 2B State instrument (within the meaning of the Fair Work (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 2009).

Note:          A person does not comply with an industrial instrument for the purpose of this subsection if that person purports to comply with a provision of that instrument that has no effect. Accordingly, the exemption under this subsection for acting in direct compliance with such an instrument would not apply in such circumstances.

             (2)  Nothing in Division 1 or 2 affects anything done by a person in direct compliance with any of the following as in force on 1 August 1984:

                     (a)  the Gift Duty Assessment Act 1941;

                     (b)  the operation of:

                              (i)  the definition of pensioner in subsection 4(1); or

                             (ii)  the definition of concessional beneficiary in subsection 84(1);

                            of the National Health Act 1953;

                     (c)  the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936;

                     (d)  the International Tax Agreements Act 1953;

                     (e)  the Papua New Guinea (Members of the Forces Benefits) Act 1957;

                      (f)  the Sales Tax (Exemptions and Classifications) Act 1935;

                     (h)  the Social Security Act 1947;

                      (i)  the Taxation (Unpaid Company Tax) Assessment Act 1982;

                      (j)  the Social Services Act 1980 of Norfolk Island.

          (2A)  Nothing in Division 1 or 2, as applying by reference to section 5A, 5B, 5C or 6, affects anything done by a person in direct compliance with the Marriage Act 1961.

          (2B)  Nothing in Division 1 or 2, as applying by reference to section 5A, 5B or 5C, affects anything done by a person in direct compliance with a law of the Commonwealth, or of a State or Territory, that is prescribed by the regulations for the purpose of this subsection.

             (3)  Nothing in Division 1 or 2, as applying by reference to section 6, affects anything done by a person in direct compliance with any regulations, rules, by‑laws, determinations or directions made under the Gift Duty Assessment Act 1941, the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 or the Sales Tax (Exemptions and Classifications) Act 1935.

             (4)  Nothing in Division 1 or 2, as applying by reference to section 6, affects anything done by a person for the purposes of the administration of the AUSTUDY scheme or the ABSTUDY scheme.

             (5)  Nothing in Division 2 renders it unlawful to refuse to make, issue or alter an official record of a person’s sex if a law of a State or Territory requires the refusal because the person is married.

             (6)  Nothing in Division 1 or 2 affects anything done by a person in compliance with a provision of a law of the Commonwealth, of a State or of a Territory, being a provision that is included for the purpose referred to in subsection 7D(1).

Note:          See also subsection 98(6A) of the Civil Aviation Act 1988, which allows regulations made under that Act to contain provisions relating to medical standards that are inconsistent with this Act if the inconsistency is necessary for the safety of air navigation.

41  Insurance

             (1)  Nothing in Division 1 or 2 makes discrimination by one person (in this subsection called the insurer) against another person (in this subsection called the client) unlawful if:

                     (a)  the discrimination is on the ground of the client’s sex; and

                     (b)  the discrimination is in the terms on which an insurance policy is offered to, or may be obtained by, the client; and

                     (c)  the discrimination is based on actuarial or statistical data from a source on which it is reasonable for the insurer to rely; and

                     (d)  the discrimination is reasonable having regard to the data; and

                     (e)  if the client gives the insurer a written request for access to the data—either:

                              (i)  the insurer gives the client a document containing the data; or

                             (ii)  the insurer:

                                        (A)  makes a document containing the data available for inspection by the client at such time or times, and at such place or places, as are reasonable; and

                                        (B)  if the client inspects the document—allows the client to make a copy of, or take extracts from, the document.

          (1A)  Paragraph (1)(e) does not apply if the Commission has, under section 44, granted an exemption from the operation of that paragraph.

             (2)  In this section:

insurance policy includes an annuity, a life assurance policy, an accident insurance policy and an illness insurance policy.

41A  New superannuation fund conditions

             (1)  Nothing in Division 1 or 2 makes discrimination in relation to a superannuation fund by one person (in this subsection called the discriminator) against another person (in this subsection called the aggrieved person) unlawful if:

                     (a)  the discrimination is on the ground of the aggrieved person’s sex, marital or relationship status or family responsibilities; and

                     (b)  the discrimination arises only because of one or more of the following:

                              (i)  the superannuation fund conditions include a provision that:

                                        (A)  is based on actuarial or statistical data from a source on which it is reasonable for the discriminator to rely; and

                                        (B)  is reasonable having regard to those data and any other relevant factors;

                             (ii)  in the case of a member who has no spouse or de facto partner or has no child—the superannuation fund conditions:

                                        (A)  do not provide for superannuation benefits in the event of the member’s death; or

                                        (B)  provide for less generous superannuation benefits in the event of the member’s death; or

                                        (C)  do not provide for superannuation benefits to someone other than the member in the event of the member’s physical or mental incapacity; or

                                        (D)  provide for less generous superannuation benefits to someone other than the member in the event of the member’s physical or mental incapacity;

                            (iii)  the superannuation fund conditions include a provision that relates to:

                                        (A)  the vesting in members or other persons of benefits arising directly or indirectly from amounts contributed to the fund; or

                                        (B)  the preservation of benefits arising directly or indirectly from amounts contributed to the fund; or

                                        (C)  the portability of benefits arising directly or indirectly from amounts contributed to another superannuation fund;

                                   if the inclusion of that provision results in only indirect discrimination against the aggrieved person on the ground of that person’s sex, marital or relationship status or family responsibilities;

                            (iv)  the superannuation fund conditions include a provision that confers particular benefits, or more generous benefits, only on a person to whom subsection 41B(3) or (4) applies.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section:

                     (a)  discrimination on the ground of a person’s sex is taken to be indirect if paragraph 5(1)(b) or (c) or subsection 5(2) applies to the discrimination; and

                     (b)  discrimination on the ground of a person’s marital or relationship status is taken to be indirect if paragraph 6(1)(b) or (c) or subsection 6(2) applies to the discrimination.

             (3)  This section does not apply to a person in respect of a superannuation fund if subsection 41B(3) or (4) applies to that person.

             (4)  In this section:

member, in relation to a superannuation fund, includes a person who has been a member of the fund at any time.

41B  Existing superannuation fund conditions

             (1)  This section applies to a person (in this section called the member) if:

                     (a)  the person was a member of a superannuation fund immediately before the commencement of this section; and

                     (b)  unless the Commission has, under section 44, granted an exemption from the operation of this paragraph—before the commencement of this section, the person:

                              (i)  had been given an option to obtain non‑discriminatory benefits; and

                             (ii)  had not exercised the option in accordance with subsection (5).

             (2)  This section applies to a person (in this section also called the member) if:

                     (a)  at any time before the commencement of this section, the person became a member of a superannuation fund; and

                     (b)  at a later time before that commencement, the person ceased to be a member of the fund.

             (3)  Nothing in Division 1 or 2 makes discrimination against the member unlawful if the discrimination:

                     (a)  is on the ground of the member’s sex, marital or relationship status or family responsibilities; and

                     (b)  is in the superannuation fund conditions.

             (4)  Nothing in Division 1 or 2 makes discrimination against a person unlawful if:

                     (a)  the person derives, or would, apart from the discrimination, derive, benefits because the member is or was a member of the superannuation fund; and

                     (b)  the discrimination:

                              (i)  is on the ground of the sex, marital or relationship status or family responsibilities of the member or the person; and

                             (ii)  is in the superannuation fund conditions.

             (5)  If the administrators of the fund required the member to exercise the option referred to in subsection (1) before the end of a particular period, subsection (1) does not apply unless that period was at least 2 months long and ended before the commencement of this section.

             (6)  For the purposes of this section, the member is taken to obtain non‑discriminatory benefits where, if section 41A applied to the member in respect of the fund, the superannuation fund conditions that relate to the benefits would not give rise to discrimination that is unlawful under Division 1 or 2.

42  Sport

             (1)  Nothing in Division 1 or 2 renders it unlawful to discriminate on the ground of sex, gender identity or intersex status by excluding persons from participation in any competitive sporting activity in which the strength, stamina or physique of competitors is relevant.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to the exclusion of persons from participation in:

                     (a)  the coaching of persons engaged in any sporting activity;

                     (b)  the umpiring or refereeing of any sporting activity;

                     (c)  the administration of any sporting activity;

                     (d)  any prescribed sporting activity; or

                     (e)  sporting activities by children who have not yet attained the age of 12 years.

43  Combat duties etc.

             (1)  Nothing in Division 1 or 2 renders it unlawful for a person to discriminate against a woman on the ground of her sex in connection with employment, engagement or appointment in the Defence Force:

                     (a)  in a position involving the performance of combat duties; or

                     (b)  in prescribed circumstances in relation to combat duties.

             (2)  In this section:

combat duties means such duties as are declared by the regulations to be combat duties for the purposes of this section.

43A  Requests for information and keeping of records: not allowing for identifying as being neither male nor female

             (1)  The making of a request for information is not unlawful under Division 1 or 2 merely because the request does not allow for a person to identify as being neither male nor female.

             (2)  Nothing in Division 1 or 2 makes it unlawful to make or keep records in a way that does not provide for a person to be identified as being neither male nor female.

44  Commission may grant exemptions

             (1)  The Commission may, on application by:

                     (a)  a person, on that person’s own behalf or on behalf of that person and another person or other persons;

                     (b)  2 or more persons, on their own behalf or on behalf of themselves and another person or other persons; or

                     (c)  a person or persons included in a class of persons on behalf of the persons included in that class of persons;

by instrument in writing, grant to the person, persons or class of persons, as the case may be, an exemption from the operation of a provision of Division 1 or 2, or paragraph 41(1)(e), or paragraph 41B(1)(b), as specified in the instrument.

             (2)  The Commission may, on application by a person to, or in respect of, whom an exemption from a provision of Division 1 or 2, or paragraph 41(1)(e), has been granted under subsection (1), being an application made before the expiration of the period for which that exemption was granted, grant a further exemption from the operation of that provision.

             (3)  An exemption, or further exemption, from the operation of a provision of Division 1 or 2, or paragraph 41(1)(e) or paragraph 41B(1)(b):

                     (a)  may be granted subject to such terms and conditions as are specified in the instrument;

                     (b)  may be expressed to apply only in such circumstances, or in relation to such activities, as are specified in the instrument; and

                     (c)  shall be granted for a specified period not exceeding 5 years.

45  Review by Administrative Appeals Tribunal

                   Applications may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of decisions made by the Commission under section 44.

46  Notice of decisions to be published

             (1)  The Commission shall, not later than one month after it makes a decision under section 44, cause to be published in the Gazette a notice of the making of the decision:

                     (a)  setting out its findings on material questions of fact;

                     (b)  referring to the evidence on which those findings were based;

                     (c)  giving the reasons for the making of the decision; and

                     (d)  containing a statement to the effect that, subject to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975, application may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for a review of the decision to which the notice relates by or on behalf of any person or persons whose interests are affected by the decision.

             (2)  Any failure to comply with the requirements of subsection (1) in relation to a decision does not affect the validity of the decision.

47  Effect of exemptions

                   Nothing in Division 1 or 2 renders it unlawful for a person who has been granted an exemption from a provision of that Division, or a person in the employment or under the direction or control of a person who has been granted such an exemption, to do an act in accordance with the provisions of the instrument by which the exemption was granted.

Part IIIFunctions of the Australian Human Rights Commission

Division 1Preliminary

48  Functions of the Commission

             (1)  The following functions are hereby conferred on the Commission:

                     (c)  to exercise the powers conferred on it by section 44;

                     (d)  to promote an understanding and acceptance of, and compliance with, this Act;

                     (e)  to undertake research and educational programs, and other programs, on behalf of the Commonwealth for the purpose of promoting the objects of this Act;

                      (f)  to examine enactments, and (when requested to do so by the Minister) proposed enactments, for the purpose of ascertaining whether the enactments or proposed enactments are, or would be, inconsistent with or contrary to the objects of this Act, and to report to the Minister the results of any such examination;

                     (g)  on its own initiative or when requested by the Minister, to report to the Minister as to the laws that should be made by the Parliament, or action that should be taken by the Commonwealth, on matters relating to discrimination on the ground of sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, breastfeeding or family responsibilities or to discrimination involving sexual harassment;

                    (ga)  to prepare, and to publish in such manner as the Commission considers appropriate, guidelines for the avoidance of discrimination on the ground of sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, breastfeeding or family responsibilities and discrimination involving sexual harassment;

                   (gb)  where the Commission considers it appropriate to do so, with the leave of the court hearing the proceedings and subject to any conditions imposed by the court, to intervene in proceedings that involve issues of discrimination on the ground of sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy or potential pregnancy, breastfeeding or family responsibilities or discrimination involving sexual harassment;

                     (h)  to do anything incidental or conducive to the performance of any of the preceding functions.

Note:          For the provisions about inquiries into complaints of discrimination and conciliation of those complaints: see Part IIB of the Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986.

             (2)  The Commission shall not regard an enactment or proposed enactment as being inconsistent with or contrary to the objects of this Act for the purposes of paragraph (1)(f) by reason of a provision of the enactment or proposed enactment that is included for the purpose referred to in subsection 7D(1).

Part IVOffences

  

85  Unlawful act not offence unless expressly so provided

                   Except as expressly provided by this Part, nothing in this Act makes it an offence to do an act that is unlawful by reason of a provision of Part II.

86  Advertisements

             (1)  A person shall not publish or display an advertisement or notice that indicates, or could reasonably be understood as indicating, an intention to do an act that is unlawful by reason of a provision of Part II.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), advertisement includes every form of advertisement or notice, whether to the public or not, and whether in a newspaper or other publication, by television or radio, by display of notices, signs, labels, showcards or goods, by distribution of samples, circulars, catalogues, price lists or other material, by exhibition of pictures, models or films, or in any other way, and the reference in that subsection to publish or display, in relation to an advertisement, shall be construed accordingly.

87  Failure to provide actuarial or statistical data

             (1)  Where a person has engaged in an act of discrimination that would, apart from subsection 41(1), be unlawful, the President or the Commission may, by notice in writing served on the person as prescribed, require the person, within 28 days after service of the notice on the person, to disclose to the President or to the Commission, as the case may be, the source of the actuarial or statistical data on which the act of discrimination was based and, where the President or the Commission, as the case may be, makes such a requirement of a person, the person shall not fail to comply with the requirement.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

             (3)  Subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

92  Particulars of complaints not to be communicated

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), where a complaint alleging that a person has done an act that is unlawful under Division 3 of Part II is lodged with the Commission under section 46P of the Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986, a person shall not make a record of, or divulge or communicate to any other person, any particulars of that complaint until:

                     (a)  the President has commenced to inquire into the act; or

                   (ab)  the complaint is withdrawn under section 46PG of the Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986; or

                     (b)  the President terminates the complaint under section 46PE or 46PH of the Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

          (1A)  Subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (2)  Nothing in subsection (1) prohibits:

                     (a)  the President, a member of the Commission, a member of the staff assisting the Commission or a person acting under the direction or authority of the Commission or of the President or pursuant to a delegation under section 104 from making a record of, or divulging or communicating, any particulars of a complaint in the performance of a duty under or in connection with this Act or in the performance or exercise of a function or power under this Act; or

                     (b)  a person from divulging or communicating any particulars of a complaint to any person in accordance with an arrangement in force under section 16 of the Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986; or

                     (c)  a person from divulging or communicating any particulars of a complaint to:

                              (i)  the complainant or a person on whose behalf the complaint was made; or

                             (ii)  the person alleged to have done the act to which the complaint relates; or

                            (iii)  the legal representative of a person referred to in subparagraph (i) or (ii); or

                            (iv)  the employer or principal of the person referred to in subparagraph (i) or (ii); or

                     (d)  a person who has made a complaint in respect of a particular matter from divulging or communicating any particulars of the complaint to:

                              (i)  a person to whom, or an officer of a body to which, the complainant is making a complaint or application in respect of the same matter; or

                             (ii)  an officer of a tribunal in which the complainant is instituting proceedings, or to which the complainant is making an application, in respect of the same matter; or

                            (iii)  a near relative of the complainant; or

                            (iv)  a person from whom the complainant is seeking or receiving professional treatment, counselling or advice; or

                     (e)  a person (in this paragraph referred to as the relevant person) on whose behalf a complaint has been made in respect of a particular matter from divulging or communicating any particulars of the complaint to:

                              (i)  a person to whom, or an officer of a body to which, the relevant person is making a complaint or application in respect of the same matter; or

                             (ii)  an officer of a tribunal in which the relevant person is instituting proceedings, or to which the relevant person is making an application, in respect of the same matter; or

                            (iii)  a near relative of the relevant person; or

                            (iv)  a person from whom the relevant person is seeking or receiving professional treatment, counselling or advice; or

                      (f)  a person to whom particulars of a complaint may be divulged or communicated under paragraph (b), (c), (d) or (e) from making a record of those particulars.

94  Victimisation

             (1)  A person shall not commit an act of victimization against another person.

Penalty:

               (a)     in the case of a natural person—25 penalty units or imprisonment for 3 months, or both; or

              (b)     in the case of a body corporate—100 penalty units.

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), a person shall be taken to commit an act of victimization against another person if the first‑mentioned person subjects, or threatens to subject, the other person to any detriment on the ground that the other person:

                     (a)  has made, or proposes to make, a complaint under this Act or the Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986; or

                     (b)  has brought, or proposes to bring, proceedings under this Act or the Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986 against any person; or

                     (c)  has furnished, or proposes to furnish, any information, or has produced, or proposes to produce, any documents to a person exercising or performing any power or function under this Act or the Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986; or

                     (d)  has attended, or proposes to attend, a conference held under this Act or the Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986; or

                     (e)  has appeared, or proposes to appear, as a witness in a proceeding under this Act or the Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986; or

                      (f)  has reasonably asserted, or proposes to assert, any rights of the person or the rights of any other person under this Act or the Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986; or

                     (g)  has made an allegation that a person has done an act that is unlawful by reason of a provision of Part II;

or on the ground that the first‑mentioned person believes that the other person has done, or proposes to do, an act or thing referred to in any of paragraphs (a) to (g), inclusive.

             (3)  It is a defence to a prosecution for an offence under subsection (1) constituted by subjecting, or threatening to subject, a person to a detriment on the ground that the person has made an allegation that another person had done an act that was unlawful by reason of a provision of Part II if it is proved that the allegation was false and was not made in good faith.

95  Obstruction etc.

             (1)  A person shall not insult, hinder, obstruct, molest or interfere with a person exercising a power or performing a function under this Act.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  For the purposes of an offence against subsection (1), strict liability applies to the physical element of circumstance, that a person is exercising a power or performing a function under this Act.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Part VSex Discrimination Commissioner

  

96  Sex Discrimination Commissioner

             (1)  There shall be a Sex Discrimination Commissioner, who shall be appointed by the Governor‑General.

             (2)  A person is not qualified to be appointed as the Sex Discrimination Commissioner unless the Minister is satisfied that the person has appropriate qualifications, knowledge or experience.

97  Terms and conditions of appointment

             (1)  Subject to this section, the Commissioner holds office for such period, not exceeding 7 years, as is specified in the instrument of the person’s appointment, but is eligible for re‑appointment.

             (3)  The Commissioner holds office on such terms and conditions (if any) in respect of matters not provided for by this Act as are determined by the Governor‑General.

98  Remuneration of Commissioner

             (1)  The Commissioner shall be paid such remuneration as is determined by the Remuneration Tribunal, but, if no determination of that remuneration by the Remuneration Tribunal is in operation, the Commissioner shall be paid such remuneration as is prescribed.

             (2)  The Commissioner shall be paid such allowances as are prescribed.

             (3)  This section has effect subject to the Remuneration Tribunal Act 1973.

99  Leave of absence

             (1)  The Commissioner has such recreation leave entitlements as are determined by the Remuneration Tribunal.

             (2)  The Minister may grant the Commissioner leave of absence, other than recreation leave, on such terms and conditions as to remuneration or otherwise as the Minister determines.

100  Outside employment

                   The Commissioner shall not, except with the approval of the Minister, engage in paid employment outside the duties of the office of Commissioner.

101  Resignation

                   The Commissioner may resign from the office of Commissioner by writing delivered to the Governor‑General.

102  Termination of appointment

             (1)  The Governor‑General may terminate the appointment of the Commissioner by reason of misbehaviour or of physical or mental incapacity.

             (2)  The Governor‑General shall terminate the appointment of the Commissioner if the Commissioner:

                     (a)  becomes bankrupt, applies to take the benefit of any law for the relief of bankrupt or insolvent debtors, compounds with creditors or makes an assignment of remuneration for their benefit;

                     (b)  is absent from duty, except on leave of absence, for 14 consecutive days or for 28 days in any period of 12 months; or

                     (c)  engages in paid employment outside the duties of the office of Commissioner otherwise than with the consent of the Minister.

103  Acting Commissioner

                   The Minister may appoint a person to act as Commissioner:

                     (a)  during a vacancy in the office of Commissioner, whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office; or

                     (b)  during any period, or during all periods, when the Commissioner is absent from duty or from Australia, or is, for any other reason, unable to perform the functions of the office of Commissioner.

Note:          For rules that apply to acting appointments, see section 33A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

Part VIMiscellaneous

  

104  Delegation

             (1)  The Commission may by writing under its seal, delegate to a member of the Commission, the Commissioner, a member of the staff of the Commission or another person or body of persons all or any of the powers conferred on the Commission under this Act.

             (2)  The Commissioner may, by writing signed by the Commissioner, delegate to:

                     (a)  a member of the staff of the Commission; or

                     (b)  any other person or body of persons;

approved by the Commission, all or any of the powers exercisable by the Commissioner under this Act.

105  Liability of persons involved in unlawful acts

                   A person who causes, instructs, induces, aids or permits another person to do an act that is unlawful under Division 1 or 2 of Part II shall, for the purposes of this Act, be taken also to have done the act.

106  Vicarious liability etc.

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), where an employee or agent of a person does, in connection with the employment of the employee or with the duties of the agent as an agent:

                     (a)  an act that would, if it were done by the person, be unlawful under Division 1 or 2 of Part II (whether or not the act done by the employee or agent is unlawful under Divison 1 or 2 of Part II); or

                     (b)  an act that is unlawful under Division 3 of Part II;

this Act applies in relation to that person as if that person had also done the act.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to an act of a kind referred to in paragraph (1)(a) or (b) done by an employee or agent of a person if it is established that the person took all reasonable steps to prevent the employee or agent from doing acts of the kind referred to in that paragraph.

107  Acts done on behalf of bodies

             (1)  Where, for the purposes of this Act, it is necessary to establish that a body corporate has done an act on a particular ground, it is sufficient to establish that a person who acted on behalf of the body corporate in the matter so acted on that ground.

108  Commonwealth deemed to be employer

                   For the purposes of this Act, all Commonwealth employees shall be deemed to be employed by the Commonwealth.

110  Unlawful act not basis of civil action unless expressly so provided

                   Except as expressly provided by this Act, nothing in this Act confers on a person any right of action in respect of the doing of an act that is unlawful by reason of a provision of Part II.

111  Protection from civil actions

          (1A)  Subsection (1) applies in relation to any of the following persons:

                     (a)  the Commission;

                     (b)  the Commissioner or another member of the Commission;

                     (c)  a person acting under the direction or authority of:

                              (i)  the Commission; or

                             (ii)  the Commissioner or another member of the Commission;

                     (d)  a person acting under a delegation under section 104.

             (1)  The person is not liable to an action or other proceeding for damages for or in relation to an act done, or omitted to be done, in good faith in the performance, or purported performance, of any function, or in the exercise or purported exercise of any power or authority, conferred on the Commission, the Commissioner or the other member of the Commission.

             (2)  If a submission has been made, a document or information has been given, or evidence has been given, to the Commission or the Commissioner, a person is not liable to an action, suit or other proceeding in respect of loss, damage or injury of any kind suffered by another person by reason only that submission was made, the document or information was furnished or the evidence was given.

112  Non‑disclosure of private information

             (1)  A person who is, or has at any time been, the Commissioner, a member of the Commission or a member of the staff assisting the Commission or is, or has at any time been, authorized to perform or exercise any function or power of the Commission or the Commissioner or any function or power on behalf of the Commission or the Commissioner, being a function or power conferred on the Commission or on the Commissioner under this Act, shall not, either directly or indirectly:

                     (a)  make a record of, or divulge or communicate to any person, any information relating to the affairs of another person acquired by the first‑mentioned person by reason of that person’s office or employment under or for the purposes of this Act or by reason of that person being or having been so authorized; or

                     (b)  make use of any such information as is mentioned in paragraph (a); or

                     (c)  produce to any person a document relating to the affairs of another person furnished for the purposes of this Act.

Penalty:  50 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

             (2)  A person who is, or has at any time been, the Commissioner, a member of the Commission or a member of the staff assisting the Commission or is, or has at any time been, authorized to perform or exercise any function or power of the Commission or the Commissioner or any function or power on behalf of the Commission or the Commissioner, being a function or power conferred on the Commission or on the Commissioner under this Act, shall not be required:

                     (a)  to divulge or communicate to a court any information relating to the affairs of another person acquired by the first‑ mentioned person by reason of that person’s office or employment under or for the purposes of this Act or by reason of that person being or having been so authorized; or

                     (b)  to produce in a court a document relating to the affairs of another person of which the first‑mentioned person has custody, or to which that person has access, by reason of that person’s office or employment under or for the purposes of this Act or by reason of that person being or having been so authorized;

except where it is necessary to do so for the purposes of this Act.

             (3)  Nothing in this section prohibits a person from:

                     (a)  making a record of information that is, or is included in a class of information that is, required or permitted by an Act to be recorded, if the record is made for the purposes of or pursuant to that Act; or

                     (b)  divulging or communicating information, or producing a document, to any person in accordance with an arrangement in force under section 16 of the Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986; or

                     (c)  divulging or communicating information, or producing a document, that is, or is included in a class of information that is or class of documents that are, required or permitted by an Act to be divulged, communicated or produced, as the case may be, if the information is divulged or communicated, or the document is produced, for the purposes of or pursuant to that Act.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to a matter in subsection (3) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

       (3AA)  Subsection (1) does not prevent a person from making a record of, divulging, communicating or making use of information, or producing a document, if the person does so:

                     (a)  in the performance of a duty under or in connection with this Act; or

                     (b)  in the performance or exercise of a function or power conferred on the Commission or on the Commissioner under this Act.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (3AA) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

          (3A)  Nothing in subsection (2) prevents a person from being required, for the purposes of or pursuant to an Act, to divulge or communicate information, or to produce a document, that is, or is included in a class of information that is or class of documents that are, required or permitted by that Act to be divulged, communicated or produced.

             (4)  In this section:

court includes any tribunal, authority or person having power to require the production of documents or the answering of questions.

produce includes permit access to.

113  Information stored otherwise than in written form

                   Where information is recorded or stored by means of a mechanical, electronic or other device, any duty imposed by this Act to produce the document recording that information shall be construed as a duty to provide a document containing a clear reproduction in writing of the information.

114  Commissioner to furnish information

                   The Commissioner shall furnish to the Commission such information relating to the operations of the Commissioner under this Act as the Commission from time to time requires.

116  Regulations

                   The Governor‑General may make regulations, not inconsistent with this Act, prescribing matters:

                     (a)  required or permitted by this Act to be prescribed; or

                     (b)  necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to this Act.


ScheduleConvention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women

Section 4

  

  

The States Parties to the present Convention,

Noting that the Charter of the United Nations reaffirms faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in the equal rights of men and women,

Noting that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights affirms the principle of the inadmissibility of discrimination and proclaims that all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights and that everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth therein, without distinction of any kind, including distinction based on sex,

Noting that the States Parties to the International Covenants on Human Rights have the obligation to ensure the equal right of men and women to enjoy all economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights,

Considering the international conventions concluded under the auspices of the United Nations and the specialised agencies promoting equality of rights of men and women,

Noting also the resolutions, declarations and recommendations adopted by the United Nations and the specialised agencies promoting equality of rights of men and women,

Concerned, however, that despite these various instruments extensive discrimination against women continues to exist,

Recalling that discrimination against women violates the principles of equality of rights and respect for human dignity, is an obstacle to the participation of women, on equal terms with men, in the political, social, economic and cultural life of their countries, hampers the growth of the prosperity of society and the family and makes more difficult the full development of the potentialities of women in the service of their countries and of humanity,

Concerned that in situations of poverty women have the least access to food, health, education, training and opportunities for employment and other needs,

Convinced that the establishment of the new international economic order based on equity and justice will contribute significantly towards the promotion of equality between men and women,

Emphasizing that the eradication of apartheid, of all forms of racism, racial discrimination, colonialism, neo‑colonialism, aggression, foreign occupation and domination and interference in the internal affairs of States is essential to the full enjoyment of the rights of men and women,

Affirming that the strengthening of international peace and security, relaxation of international tension, mutual co‑operation among all States irrespective of their social and economic systems, general and complete disarmament, and in particular nuclear disarmament under strict and effective international control, the affirmation of the principles of justice, equality and mutual benefit in relations among countries and the realisation of the right of peoples under alien and colonial domination and foreign occupation to self‑determination and independence, as well as respect for national sovereignty and territorial integrity, will promote social progress and development and as a consequence will contribute to the attainment of full equality between men and women,

Convinced that the full and complete development of a country, the welfare of the world and the cause of peace require the maximum participation of women on equal terms with men in all fields,

Bearing in mind the great contribution of women to the welfare of the family and to the development of society, so far not fully recognised, the social significance of maternity and the role of both parents in the family and in the upbringing of children, and aware that the role of women in procreation should not be a basis for discrimination but that the upbringing of children requires a sharing of responsibility between men and women and society as a whole,

Aware that a change in the traditional role of men as well as the role of women in society and in the family is needed to achieve full equality between men and women,

Determined to implement the principles set forth in the Declaration on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women and, for that purpose, to adopt the measures required for the elimination of such discrimination in all its forms and manifestations,

Have agreed on the following:

PART 1

Article 1

For the purposes of the present Convention, the term “discrimination against women” shall mean any distinction, exclusion or restriction made on the basis of sex which has the effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise by women, irrespective of their marital status, on a basis of equality of men and women, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil or any other field.

Article 2

States Parties condemn discrimination against women in all its forms, agree to pursue by all appropriate means and without delay a policy of eliminating discrimination against women and, to this end, undertake:

     (a)     To embody the principle of the equality of men and women in their national constitutions or other appropriate legislation if not yet incorporated therein and to ensure, through law and other appropriate means, the practical realisation of this principle;

     (b)     To adopt appropriate legislative and other measures, including sanctions where appropriate, prohibiting all discrimination against women;

     (c)     To establish legal protection of the rights of women on an equal basis with men and to ensure through competent national tribunals and other public institutions the effective protection of women against any act of discrimination;

     (d)     To refrain from engaging in any act or practice of discrimination against women and to ensure that public authorities and institutions shall act in conformity with this obligation;

     (e)     To take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women by any person, organisation or enterprise;

      (f)     To take all appropriate measures, including legislation, to modify or abolish existing laws, regulations, customs and practices which constitute discrimination against women;

     (g)     To repeal all national penal provisions which constitute discrimination against women.

Article 3

States Parties shall take in all fields, in particular in the political, social, economic and cultural fields, all appropriate measures, including legislation, to ensure the full development and advancement of women, for the purpose of guaranteeing them the exercise and enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms on a basis of equality with men.

Article 4

1.    Adoption by States Parties of temporary special measures aimed at accelerating de facto equality between men and women shall not be considered discrimination as defined in the present Convention, but shall in no way entail as a consequence the maintenance of unequal or separate standards; these measures shall be discontinued when the objectives of equality of opportunity and treatment have been achieved.

2.    Adoption by States Parties of special measures, including those measures contained in the present Convention, aimed at protecting maternity shall not be considered discriminatory.

Article 5

States Parties shall take all appropriate measures:

     (a)     To modify the social and cultural patterns of conduct of men and women, with a view to achieving the elimination of prejudices and customary and all other practices which are based on the idea of the inferiority or the superiority of either of the sexes or on stereotyped roles for men and women;

     (b)     To ensure that family education includes a proper understanding of maternity as a social function and the recognition of the common responsibility of men and women in the upbringing and development of their children, it being understood that the interest of the children is the primordial consideration in all cases.

Article 6

States Parties shall take all appropriate measures, including legislation, to suppress all forms of traffic in women and exploitation of prostitution of women.

PART II

Article 7

States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in the political and public life of the country and, in particular, shall ensure to women, on equal terms with men, the right:

     (a)     To vote in all elections and public referenda and to be eligible for election to all publicly elected bodies;

     (b)     To participate in the formulation of government policy and the implementation thereof and to hold public office and perform all public functions at all levels of government;

     (c)     To participate in non‑governmental organisations and associations concerned with the public and political life of the country.

Article 8

States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure to women, on equal terms with men and without any discrimination, the opportunity to represent their Governments at the international level and to participate in the work of international organisations.

Article 9

1.    States Parties shall grant women equal rights with men to acquire, change or retain their nationality. They shall ensure in particular that neither marriage to an alien nor change of nationality by the husband during marriage shall automatically change the nationality of the wife, render her stateless or force upon her the nationality of the husband.

2.    States Parties shall grant women equal rights with men with respect to the nationality of their children.

PART III

Article 10

States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in order to ensure to them equal rights with men in the field of education and in particular to ensure, on a basis of equality of men and women:

     (a)     The same conditions for career and vocational guidance, for access to studies and for the achievement of diplomas in educational establishments of all categories in rural as well as in urban areas; this equality shall be ensured in pre‑school, general, technical, professional and higher technical education, as well as in all types of vocational training;

     (b)     Access to the same curricula, the same examinations, teaching staff with qualifications of the same standard and school premises and equipment of the same quality;

     (c)     The elimination of any stereotyped concept of the roles of men and women at all levels and in all forms of education by encouraging coeducation and other types of education which will help to achieve this aim and, in particular, by the revision of textbooks and school programmes and the adaption of teaching methods;

     (d)     The same opportunities to benefit from scholarships and other study grants;

     (e)     The same opportunities for access to programmes of continuing education, including adult and functional literacy programmes, particularly those aimed at reducing, at the earliest possible time, any gap in education existing between men and women;

      (f)     The reduction of female student drop‑out rates and the organisation of programmes for girls and women who have left school prematurely;

     (g)     The same opportunities to participate actively in sports and physical education;

     (h)     Access to specific educational information to help to ensure the health and well‑being of families, including information and advice on family planning.

Article 11

1.    States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in the field of employment in order to ensure, on a basis of equality of men and women, the same rights, in particular:

     (a)     The right to work as an inalienable right of all human beings;

     (b)     The right to the same employment opportunities, including the application of the same criteria for selection in matters of employment;

     (c)     The right to free choice of profession and employment, the right to promotion, job security and all benefits and conditions of service and the right to receive vocational training and retraining, including apprenticeships, advanced vocational training and recurrent training;

     (d)     The right to equal remuneration, including benefits, and to equal treatment in respect of work of equal value, as well as equality of treatment in the evaluation of the quality of work;

     (e)     The right to social security, particularly in cases of retirement, unemployment, sickness, invalidity and old age and other incapacity to work, as well as the right to paid leave;

      (f)     The right to protection of health and to safety in working conditions, including the safeguarding of the function of reproduction.

2.    In order to prevent discrimination against women on the grounds of marriage or maternity and to ensure their effective right to work, States Parties shall take appropriate measures:

     (a)     To prohibit, subject to the imposition of sanctions, dismissal on the grounds of pregnancy or of maternity leave and discrimination in dismissals on the basis of marital status;

     (b)     To introduce maternity leave with pay or with comparable social benefits without loss of former employment, seniority or social allowances;

     (c)     To encourage the provision of the necessary supporting social services to enable parents to combine family obligations with work responsibilities and participation in public life, in particular through promoting the establishment and development of a network of child‑care facilities;

     (d)     To provide special protection to women during pregnancy in types of work proved to be harmful to them.

3.    Protective legislation relating to matters covered in this article shall be reviewed periodically in the light of scientific and technological knowledge and shall be revised, repealed or extended as necessary.

Article 12

1.    States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in the field of health care in order to ensure, on a basis of equality of men and women, access to health care services, including those related to family planning.

2.    Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1 of this article, States Parties shall ensure to women appropriate services in connexion with pregnancy, confinement and the post‑natal period, granting free services where necessary, as well as adequate nutrition during pregnancy and lactation.

Article 13

States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in other areas of economic and social life in order to ensure, on a basis of equality of men and women, the same rights, in particular:

     (a)     The right to family benefits;

     (b)     The right to bank loans, mortgages and other forms of financial credit;

     (c)     The right to participate in recreational activities, sports and all aspects of cultural life.

Article 14

1.    States Parties shall take into account the particular problems faced by rural women and the significant roles which rural women play in the economic survival of their families, including their work in the non‑monetized sectors of the economy, and shall take all appropriate measures to ensure the application of the provisions of this Convention to women in rural areas.

2.    States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in rural areas in order to ensure, on a basis of equality of men and women, that they participate in and benefit from rural development and, in particular, shall ensure to such women the right:

     (a)     To participate in the elaboration and implementation of development planning at all levels;

     (b)     To have access to adequate health care facilities, including information, counselling and services in family planning;

     (c)     To benefit directly from social security programmes;

     (d)     To obtain all types of training and education, formal and non‑formal, including that relating to functional literacy, as well as, inter alia, the benefit of all community and extension services, in order to increase their technical proficiency;

     (e)     To organise self‑help groups and co‑operatives in order to obtain equal access to economic opportunities through employment or self‑employment;

      (f)     To participate in all community activities;

     (g)     To have access to agricultural credit and loans, marketing facilities, appropriate technology and equal treatment in land and agrarian reform as well as in land resettlement schemes;

     (h)     To enjoy adequate living conditions, particularly in relation to housing, sanitation, electricity and water supply, transport and communications.

PART IV

Article 15

1.    States Parties shall accord to women equality with men before the law.

2.    States Parties shall accord to women, in civil matters, a legal capacity identical to that of men and the same opportunities to exercise that capacity. In particular, they shall give women equal rights to conclude contracts and to administer property and shall treat them equally in all stages of procedure in courts and tribunals.

3.    States Parties agree that all contracts and all other private instruments of any kind with a legal effect which is directed at restricting the legal capacity of women shall be deemed null and void.

4.    States Parties shall accord to men and women the same rights with regard to the law relating to the movement of persons and the freedom to chose their residence and domicile.

Article 16

1.    States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in all matters relating to marriage and family relations and in particular shall ensure, on a basis of equality of men and women:

     (a)     The same right to enter into marriage;

     (b)     The same right freely to choose a spouse and to enter into marriage only with their free and full consent;

     (c)     The same rights and responsibilities during marriage and at its dissolution;

     (d)     The same rights and responsibilities as parents, irrespective of their marital status, in matters relating to their children; in all cases the interests of the children shall be paramount;

     (e)     The same rights to decide freely and responsibly on the number and spacing of their children and to have access to the information, education and means to enable them to exercise these rights;

      (f)     The same rights and responsibilities with regard to guardianship, wardship, trusteeship and adoption of children, or similar institutions where these concepts exist in national legislation; in all cases the interests of the children shall be paramount;

     (g)     The same personal rights as husband and wife, including the right to choose a family name, a profession and an occupation;

     (h)     The same rights for both spouses in respect of the ownership, acquisition, management, administration, enjoyment and disposition of property, whether free of charge or for a valuable consideration.

2.    The betrothal and the marriage of a child shall have no legal effect, and all necessary action, including legislation, shall be taken to specify a minimum age for marriage and to make the registration of marriages in an official registry compulsory.

PART V

Article 17

1.    For the purpose of considering the progress made in the implementation of the present Convention, there shall be established a Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (hereinafter referred to as the Committee) consisting, at the time of entry into force of the Convention, of eighteen and, after ratification of or accession to the Convention by the thirty‑fifth State Party, of twenty‑three experts of high moral standing and competence in the field covered by the Convention. The experts shall be elected by States Parties from among their nationals and shall serve in their personal capacity, consideration being given to equitable geographical distribution and to the representation of the different forms of civilisation as well as the principal legal systems.

2.    The members of the Committee shall be elected by secret ballot from a list of persons nominated by States Parties. Each State Party may nominate one person from among its own nationals.

3.    The initial election shall be held six months after the date of the entry into force of the present Convention. At least three months before the date of each election the Secretary‑General of the United Nations shall address a letter to the States Parties inviting them to submit their nominations within two months. The Secretary‑General shall prepare a list in alphabetical order of all persons thus nominated, indicating the States Parties which have nominated them, and shall submit it to the States Parties.

4.    Elections of the members of the Committee shall be held at a meeting of States Parties convened by the Secretary‑General at United Nations Headquarters. At that meeting, for which two thirds of the States Parties shall constitute a quorum, the persons elected to the Committee shall be those nominees who obtain the largest number of votes and an absolute majority of the votes of the representatives of States Parties present and voting.

5.    The members of the Committee shall be elected for a term of four years. However, the terms of nine of the members elected at the first election shall expire at the end of two years; immediately after the first election the names of these nine members shall be chosen by lot by the Chairman of the Committee.

6.    The election of the five additional members of the Committee shall be held in accordance with the provisions of paragraphs 2, 3, and 4 of this article, following the thirty‑fifth ratification or accession. The terms of two of the additional members elected on this occasion shall expire at the end of two years, the names of these two members having been chosen by lot by the Chairman of the Committee.

7.    For the filling of casual vacancies, the State Party whose expert has ceased to function as a member of the Committee shall appoint another expert from among its nationals, subject to the approval of the Committee.

8.    The members of the Committee shall, with the approval of the General Assembly, receive emoluments from United Nations resources on such terms and conditions as the Assembly may decide, having regard to the importance of the Committee’s responsibilities.

9.    The Secretary‑General of the United Nations shall provide the necessary staff and facilities for the effective performance of the functions of the Committee under the present Convention.

Article 18

1.    States Parties undertake to submit to the Secretary‑General of the United Nations for consideration by the Committee, a report on the legislative, judicial, administrative or other measures which they have adopted to give effect to the provisions of the present Convention and on the progress made in this respect:

     (a)     Within one year after the entry into force for the State concerned; and

     (b)     Thereafter at least every four years and further whenever the Committee so requests.

2.    Reports may indicate factors and difficulties affecting the degree of fulfilment of obligations under the present Convention.

Article 19

1.    The Committee shall adopt its own rules of procedure.

2.    The Committee shall elect its officers for a term of two years.

Article 20

1.    The Committee shall normally meet for a period of not more than two weeks annually in order to consider the reports submitted in accordance with Article 18 of the present Convention.

2.    The meetings of the Committee shall normally be held at United Nations Headquarters or at any other convenient place as determined by the Committee.

Article 21

1.    The Committee shall, through the Economic and Social Council, report annually to the General Assembly of the United Nations on its activities and may make suggestions and general recommendations based on the examination of reports and information received from the States Parties. Such suggestions and general recommendations shall be included in the report of the Committee together with comments, if any, from States Parties.

2.    The Secretary‑General shall transmit the reports of the Committee to the Commission on the Status of Women for its information.

Article 22

The specialised agencies shall be entitled to be represented at the consideration of the implementation of such provisions of the present Convention as fall within the scope of their activities. The Committee may invite the specialised agencies to submit reports on the implementation of the Convention in areas falling within the scope of their activities.

PART VI

Article 23

Nothing in this Convention shall affect any provisions that are more conducive to the achievement of equality between men and women which may be contained:

     (a)     In the legislation of a State Party; or

     (b)     In any other international convention, treaty or agreement in force for that State.

Article 24

States Parties undertake to adopt all necessary measures at the national level aimed at achieving the full realisation of the rights recognised in the present Convention.

Article 25

1.    The present Convention shall be open for signature by all States.

2.    The Secretary‑General of the United Nations is designated as the depositary of the present Convention.

3.    The present Convention is subject to ratification. Instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the Secretary‑General of the United Nations.

4.    The present Convention shall be open to accession by all States. Accession shall be effected by the deposit of an instrument of accession with the Secretary‑General of the United Nations.

Article 26

1.    A request for the revision of the present Convention may be made at any time by any State Party by means of a notification in writing addressed to the Secretary‑General of the United Nations.

2.    The General Assembly of the United Nations shall decide upon the steps, if any, to be taken in respect of such a request.

Article 27

1.    The present Convention shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the date of deposit with the Secretary‑General of the United Nations of the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession.

2.    For each State ratifying the present Convention or acceding to it after the deposit of the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession, the Convention shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the date of the deposit of its own instrument of ratification or accession.

Article 28

1.    The Secretary‑General of the United Nations shall receive and circulate to all States the text of reservations made by States at the time of ratification or accession.

2.    A reservation incompatible with the object and purpose of the present Convention shall not be permitted.

3.    Reservations may be withdrawn at any time by notification to this effect addressed to the Secretary‑General of the United Nations, who shall then inform all States thereof. Such notification shall take effect on the date on which it is received.

Article 29

1.    Any dispute between two or more States Parties concerning the interpretation or application of the present Convention which is not settled by negotiation shall, at the request of one of them, be submitted to arbitration. If within six months from the date of the request for arbitration the parties are unable to agree on the organisation of the arbitration, any one of those parties may refer the dispute to the International Court of Justice by request in conformity with the Statute of the Court.

2.    Each State Party may at the time of signature or ratification of this Convention or accession thereto declare that it does not consider itself bound by paragraph 1 of this article. The other States Parties shall not be bound by that paragraph with respect to any State Party which has made such a reservation.

3.    Any State Party which has made a reservation in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article may at any time withdraw that reservation by notification to the Secretary‑General of the United Nations.

Article 30

The present Convention, the Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts of which are equally authentic, shall be deposited with the Secretary‑General of the United Nations.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned, duly authorised, have signed the present Convention.


Endnotes

Endnote 1—About the endnotes

The endnotes provide details of the history of this legislation and its provisions. The following endnotes are included in each compilation:

 

Endnote 1—About the endnotes

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key

Endnote 3—Legislation history

Endnote 4—Amendment history

Endnote 5—Uncommenced amendments

Endnote 6—Modifications

Endnote 7—Misdescribed amendments

Endnote 8—Miscellaneous

 

If there is no information under a particular endnote, the word “none” will appear in square brackets after the endnote heading.

 

Abbreviation key—Endnote 2

The abbreviation key in this endnote sets out abbreviations that may be used in the endnotes.

 

Legislation history and amendment history—Endnotes 3 and 4

Amending laws are annotated in the legislation history and amendment history.

 

The legislation history in endnote 3 provides information about each law that has amended the compiled law. The information includes commencement information for amending laws and details of application, saving or transitional provisions that are not included in this compilation.

 

The amendment history in endnote 4 provides information about amendments at the provision level. It also includes information about any provisions that have expired or otherwise ceased to have effect in accordance with a provision of the compiled law.

 

Uncommenced amendments—Endnote 5

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not reflected in the text of the compiled law, but the text of the amendments is included in endnote 5.

Modifications—Endnote 6

If the compiled law is affected by a modification that is in force, details of the modification are included in endnote 6.

 

Misdescribed amendments—Endnote 7

An amendment is a misdescribed amendment if the effect of the amendment cannot be incorporated into the text of the compilation. Any misdescribed amendment is included in endnote 7.

 

Miscellaneous—Endnote 8

Endnote 8 includes any additional information that may be helpful for a reader of the compilation.

 

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key

 

ad = added or inserted

pres = present

am = amended

prev = previous

c = clause(s)

(prev) = previously

Ch = Chapter(s)

Pt = Part(s)

def = definition(s)

r = regulation(s)/rule(s)

Dict = Dictionary

Reg = Regulation/Regulations

disallowed = disallowed by Parliament

reloc = relocated

Div = Division(s)

renum = renumbered

exp = expired or ceased to have effect

rep = repealed

hdg = heading(s)

rs = repealed and substituted

LI = Legislative Instrument

s = section(s)

LIA = Legislative Instruments Act 2003

Sch = Schedule(s)

mod = modified/modification

Sdiv = Subdivision(s)

No ‑ Number(s)

SLI = Select Legislative Instrument

o = order(s)

SR = Statutory Rules

Ord = Ordinance

Sub‑Ch = Sub‑Chapter(s)

orig = original

SubPt = Subpart(s)

par = paragraph(s)/subparagraph(s)

 

        /sub‑subparagraph(s)

 

 

Endnote 3—Legislation history

 

Act

Number and year

Assent

Commencement

Application, saving and transitional provisions

Sex Discrimination Act 1984

4, 1984

21 Mar 1984

1 Aug 1984 (see Gazette 1984, No. S264)

 

Statute Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act (No. 1) 1984

72, 1984

25 June 1984

s. 3: 1 Aug 1984 (a)

ss. 2(24) and 5(1)

Statute Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act (No. 1) 1985

65, 1985

5 June 1985

s. 3: 3 July 1985 (b)

s. 16

Statute Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act (No. 1) 1986

76, 1986

24 June 1986

s. 3: Royal Assent (c)

s. 9

Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 1986

126, 1986

6 Dec 1986

10 Dec 1986 (see s. 2 and Gazette 1986, No. S631)

ss. 44(2), 46 and 47

Statute Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1988

38, 1988

3 June 1988

s. 3: Royal Assent (d)

s. 5(1)

Commonwealth Employees’ Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 1988

75, 1988

24 June 1988

s. 1 and 2: Royal Assent
ss. 4(1), 68–97, 99 and 100: 1 July 1988 (see Gazette 1988, No. S196)
Remainder: 1 Dec 1988 (see Gazette 1988, No. S196)

Employment, Education and Training Act 1988

80, 1988

24 June 1988

1 July 1988 (see Gazette 1988, No. S190)

Industrial Relations (Consequential Provisions) Act 1988

87, 1988

8 Nov 1988

ss. 1 and 2: Royal Assent
Remainder: 1 Mar 1989 (see s. 2(2) and Gazette 1989, No. S53)

Law and Justice Legislation Amendment Act 1990

115, 1990

21 Dec 1990

Part 4 (s. 49): Royal Assent (e)

Social Security (Rewrite) Transition Act 1991

70, 1991

25 June 1991

1 July 1991 (see s. 2)

Sex Discrimination Amendment Act 1991

71, 1991

25 June 1991

Part 1 (ss. 1–3), ss. 4, 7, 8, Parts 3 and 4 (ss. 11–23): 1 Aug 1991
ss. 5 and 6: 25 June 1993
s. 9: 1 July 1994
Remainder: Royal Assent

s. 3,
s. 2(2) (am. by 13, 1994, s. 24)

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Law and Justice Legislation Amendment Act 1993

13, 1994

18 Jan 1994

s. 24: Royal Assent (f)

Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Legislation Amendment Act 1992

132, 1992

30 Oct 1992

26 Nov 1992 (see s. 2 and Gazette 1992, No. S346)

Law and Justice Legislation Amendment Act (No. 3) 1992

165, 1992

11 Dec 1992

Schedule (Part 2): 8 Jan 1993 (g)
Schedule (Part 3): (g)

s. 3(3) and (4)

Sex Discrimination and other Legislation Amendment Act 1992

179, 1992

16 Dec 1992

13 Jan 1993

ss. 2(2) and 4

Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Legislation Amendment Act (No. 2) 1992

180, 1992

16 Dec 1992

13 Jan 1993

Qantas Sale Act 1992

196, 1992

21 Dec 1992

Schedule (Parts 3, 6): (h)

s. 2(6) (am. by 60, 1993, s. 4; 168, 1994, s. 3)

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Qantas Sale Amendment Act 1993

60, 1993

3 Nov 1993

10 Mar 1993

Qantas Sale Amendment Act 1994

168, 1994

16 Dec 1994

s. 3 (item 17): Royal Assent (i)

Industrial Relations and other Legislation Amendment Act 1993

109, 1993

22 Dec 1993

ss. 1, 2 and 58: Royal Assent
s. 32: 5 Jan 1994
s. 34: 6 Sept 1991
s. 47: 24 Dec 1992
Remainder: 19 Jan 1994

Law and Justice Legislation Amendment Act 1993

13, 1994

18 Jan 1994

ss. 21, 23, 25 and 26: Royal Assent (j)
s. 22: 13 Jan 1993 (j)

s. 25(2)

Veterans’ Affairs (1994‑95 Budget Measures) Legislation Amendment Act (No. 2) 1994

164, 1994

16 Dec 1994

Part 4 (s. 60): Royal Assent (k)

Income Tax (International Agreements) Amendment Act 1995

22, 1995

29 Mar 1995

29 Mar 1995

Human Rights Legislation Amendment Act 1995

59, 1995

28 June 1995

s. 3 (item 25): 30 Oct 1992
Remainder: Royal Assent

ss. 4 and 5

Sex Discrimination Amendment Act 1995

165, 1995

16 Dec 1995

16 Dec 1995

Industrial Relations and other Legislation Amendment Act 1995

168, 1995

16 Dec 1995

ss. 1–12, Schedules 5 and 7–10: Royal Assent
s. 13: 13 Jan 1996
Remainder: 15 Jan 1996 (see Gazette 1996, No. S16)

Workplace Relations and Other Legislation Amendment Act 1996

60, 1996

25 Nov 1996

Schedule 9 (item 2(9)): 31 Dec 1996 (see Gazette 1996, No. S535)
Schedule 19 (items 46, 47): Royal Assent (l)
Schedule 11 (items 62–71): 31 Dec 1996 (see Gazette 1996, No. S535)

s. 2(2) and (6) (am. by 77, 1996, Sch. 3 [items 1, 2])
Sch. 9 (item 2(9)) (am. by 133, 1999, Sch. 1 [item 125])

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Workplace Relations and Other Legislation Amendment Act (No. 2) 1996

77, 1996

19 Dec 1996

Schedule 3 (items 1, 2): (m)

Human Rights Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 1999

133, 1999

13 Oct 1999

(see 133, 1999 below)

Student and Youth Assistance (Sex Discrimination Amendment) Act 1997

171, 1997

17 Nov 1997

17 Nov 1997

Defence Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 1999

116, 1999

22 Sept 1999

Schedule 5 (item 14): 1 Jan 2001 (n)

Human Rights Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 1999

133, 1999

13 Oct 1999

ss. 1–3 and 21: Royal Assent
s. 22 and Schedule 1 (items 53, 60): 10 Dec 1999 (see Gazette 1999, No. S598)
Remainder: 13 Apr 2000

ss. 4–22

Public Employment (Consequential and Transitional) Amendment Act 1999

146, 1999

11 Nov 1999

Schedule 1 (items 812–814): 5 Dec 1999 (see Gazette 1999, No. S584) (o)

Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Legislation Amendment Act 1999

161, 1999

10 Dec 1999

Schedule 3 (items 1, 57): (p)

Criminal Code Amendment (Theft, Fraud, Bribery and Related Offences) Act 2000

137, 2000

24 Nov 2000

ss. 1–3 and Schedule 1 (items 1, 4, 6, 7,
9–11, 32): Royal Assent
Remainder: 24 May 2001

Sch. 2 (items 418, 419)

Law and Justice Legislation Amendment (Application of Criminal Code) Act 2001

24, 2001

6 Apr 2001

s. 4(1), (2) and Schedule 45: (q)

s. 4(1) and (2)

Workplace Relations Legislation Amendment (Registration and Accountability of Organisations) (Consequential Provisions) Act 2002

105, 2002

14 Nov 2002

Schedule 3 (item 61): 12 May 2003 (see Gazette 2002, No. GN49)

Sex Discrimination Amendment (Pregnancy and Work) Act 2003

103, 2003

15 Oct 2003

Schedule 1: 12 Nov 2003
Remainder: Royal Assent

Age Discrimination (Consequential Provisions) Act 2004

40, 2004

21 Apr 2004

Schedule 2 (item 28): (r)

Civil Aviation Amendment Act 2005

86, 2005

6 July 2005

6 July 2005

Same‑Sex Relationships (Equal Treatment in Commonwealth Laws—General Law Reform) Act 2008

144, 2008

9 Dec 2008

Schedule 2 (items 76–84) 10 Dec 2008

Fair Work (State Referral and Consequential and Other Amendments) Act 2009

54, 2009

25 June 2009

s. 4: Royal Assent
Schedule 5 (items 52–59,
76–79, 87, 88): (s)

s. 4 and Sch. 5 (items 87, 88)
Sch. 5 (item 87A) (ad. by SLI 2009 No. 165, Sch. 2 [item 1])

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Fair Work (State Referral and Consequential and Other Amendments) Regulations 2009

SLI 2009 No. 165

30 June 2009

1 July 2009

Disability Discrimination and Other Human Rights Legislation Amendment Act 2009

70, 2009

8 July 2009

Schedule 3 (items 74–92, 115, 116, 179, 180) and Schedule 4 (items 6–14): 5 Aug 2009

Fair Work Amendment (State Referrals and Other Measures) Act 2009

124, 2009

9 Dec 2009

Schedule 2 (item 134): 1 Jan 2010

Sex and Age Discrimination Legislation Amendment Act 2011

40, 2011

20 June 2011

Schedule 1 (items 1–17, 19–69): 21 June 2011

Sch. 1 (item 69)

Acts Interpretation Amendment Act 2011

46, 2011

27 June 2011

Schedule 2 (items 1034–1037) and Schedule 3 (items 10, 11): 27 Dec 2011

Sch. 3 (items 10, 11)

Australian Charities and Not‑for‑profits Commission (Consequential and Transitional) Act 2012

169, 2012

3 Dec 2012

Schedule 2 (items 193–197): 3 Dec 2012 (see s. 2(1))
Schedule 4 (item 23): [see (t) and Endnote 5]

Charities (Consequential Amendments and Transitional Provisions) Act 2013

96, 2013

28 June 2013

Sch 1 (item 39): 1 Jan 2014 (see s 2(1))

Sex Discrimination Amendment (Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Intersex Status) Act 2013

98, 2013

28 June 2013

Sch 1 (items 1–61, 64): 1 Aug 2013 (see F2013L01435)

Sch 1 (item 64)

 

Number and year

FRLI registration

Commencement

Application, saving and transitional provisions

2006 No. 50

17 Mar 2006 (see F2006L00820)

Schedule 40: 27 Mar 2006 (see r. 2(b))

 

(a)             The Sex Discrimination Act 1984 was amended by section 3 only of the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act (No. 1) 1984, subsection 2(19) of which provides as follows:

                 (19)  The amendments of the Sex Discrimination Act 1984 made by this Act shall come into operation on the commencement of that Act.

(b)             The Sex Discrimination Act 1984 was amended by section 3 only of the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act (No. 1) 1985, subsection 2(1) of which provides as follows:

                   (1)  Subject to this section, this Act shall come into operation on the twenty‑eighth day after the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

(c)              The Sex Discrimination Act 1984 was amended by section 3 only of the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act (No. 1) 1986, subsection 2(1) of which provides as follows:

                   (1)  Subject to this section, this Act shall come into operation on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

(d)             The Sex Discrimination Act 1984 was amended by section 3 only of the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1988, subsection 2(1) of which provides as follows:

                   (1)  Subject to this section, this Act commences on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

(e)              The Sex Discrimination Act 1984 was amended by Part 4 (section 49) only of the Law and Justice Legislation Amendment Act 1990, subsection 2(1) of which provides as follows:

                   (1)  Subject to this section, this Act commences on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

(f)              The Sex Discrimination Amendment Act 1991 was amended by section 24 only of the Law and Justice Legislation Amendment Act 1993, subsection 2(1) of which provides as follows:

                   (1)  Subject to this section, this Act commences on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

(g)             The Sex Discrimination Act 1984 was amended by the Schedule (Parts 2 and 3) only of the Law and Justice Legislation Amendment Act (No. 3) 1992, subsections 2(7) and (8) of which provide as follows:

                   (7)  Part 2 of the Schedule commences on the 28th day after the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent.

                   (8)  Part 3 of the Schedule commences immediately after the commencement of section 9 of the Sex Discrimination Amendment Act 1991.

                  Section 9 of the Sex Discrimination Amendment Act 1991 commenced on 25 June 1993.

(h)             The Sex Discrimination Act 1984 was amended by the Schedule (Parts 3 and 6) only of the Qantas Sale Act 1992, subsections 2(2), (5) and (6) of which provide as follows:

                   (2)  Subject to subsection (3), the remaining provisions of this Act commence on a day or days to be fixed by Proclamation.

                   (5)  If, on the 100% sale day, Part 3 of the Schedule has not commenced, then, on the day on which Part 7 of the Schedule commences, Parts 3 and 6 of the Schedule are taken to have been repealed.

                   (6)  If a provision of this Act has not commenced before 31 August 1995, the provision is taken to have been repealed on that day.

                  The Schedule (Parts 3 and 6) are taken to have been repealed on 31 August 1995.

(i)              The Qantas Sale Act 1992 was amended by section 3 (item 17) only of the Qantas Sale Amendment Act 1994, subsection 2(1) of which provides as follows:

                   (1)  Subject to this section, this Act commences on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

(j)              The Sex Discrimination Act 1984 was amended by sections 21–23, 25 and 26 only of the Law and Justice Legislation Amendment Act 1993, subsections 2(1) and (2) of which provide as follows:

                   (1)  Subject to this section, this Act commences on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

                   (2)  Section 22 is taken to have commenced on 13 January 1993.

(k)              The Sex Discrimination Act 1984 was amended by Part 4 (section 60) only of the Veterans’ Affairs (1994‑95 Budget Measures) Legislation Amendment Act (No. 2) 1994, subsection 2(1) of which provides as follows:

                   (1)  Part 1, Divisions 1 and 11 of Part 2 and Parts 3 and 4 commence on the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent.

(l)              The Sex Discrimination Act 1984 was amended by Schedule 11 (items 62–71) and Schedule 19 (items 46, 47) only of the Workplace Relations and Other Legislation Amendment Act 1996, subsections 2(1) and (2) of which provide as follows:

                   (1)  Subject to this section, this Act commences on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

                   (2)  Subject to subsection (3), the items of the Schedules, other than Schedule 5, item 1 of Schedule 9, items 2 and 3 of Schedule 12, item 90 of Schedule 16 and the items of Schedule 19, commence on a day or days to be fixed by Proclamation.

(m)             The Workplace Relations and Other Legislation Amendment Act 1996 was amended by Schedule 3 (items 1 and 2) only of the Workplace Relations and Other Legislation Amendment Act (No. 2) 1996, subsection 2(4) of which provides as follows:

                   (4)  The items of Schedule 3 are taken to have commenced immediately after the Workplace Relations and Other Legislation Amendment Act 1996 received the Royal Assent.

                  The Workplace Relations and Other Legislation Amendment Act 1996 received the Royal Assent on 25 November 1996.

(n)             The Sex Discrimination Act 1984 was amended by Schedule 5 (item 14) only of the Defence Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 1999, subsection 2(4) of which provides as follows:

                   (4)  Schedule 5 commences on 1 January 2001.

(o)             The Sex Discrimination Act 1984 was amended by Schedule 1 (items 812–814) only of the Public Employment (Consequential and Transitional) Amendment Act 1999, subsections 2(1) and (2) of which provide as follows:

                   (1)  In this Act, commencing time means the time when the Public Service Act 1999 commences.

                   (2)  Subject to this section, this Act commences at the commencing time.

(p)             The Sex Discrimination Act 1984 was amended by Schedule 3 (items 1 and 57) only of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Legislation Amendment Act 1999, subsection 2(2) of which provides as follows:

                   (2)  Subject to subsections (3) to (6), Schedule 3 commences immediately after the commencement of the other Schedules to this Act.

                  The other Schedules to this Act commence on Royal Assent.

(q)             The Sex Discrimination Act 1984 was amended by Schedule 45 only of the Law and Justice Legislation Amendment (Application of Criminal Code) Act 2001, subsection 2(1)(a) of which provides as follows:

                   (1)  Subject to this section, this Act commences at the later of the following times:

                          (a)   immediately after the commencement of item 15 of Schedule 1 to the Criminal Code Amendment (Theft, Fraud, Bribery and Related Offences) Act 2000;

                  Item 15 commenced on 24 May 2001.

(r)              Subsection 2(1) (item 7) of the Age Discrimination (Consequential Provisions) Act 2004 provides as follows:

                   (1)  Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, on the day or at the time specified in column 2 of the table.

 

Commencement information

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Provision(s)

Commencement

Date/Details

7.  Schedule 2, items 23 to 28

The later of:

(a) immediately after the commencement of the Age Discrimination Act 2004; and

(b) immediately after the commencement of Schedule 1 to the Australian Human Rights Commission Legislation Act 2004

(paragraph (b) applies)

                  The Australian Human Rights Commission Legislation Bill 2004 was not enacted. Therefore the amendment made by Schedule 2 (item 28) did not commence.

(s)              Subsection 2(1) (items 13, 17 and 21) of the Fair Work (State Referral and Consequential and Other Amendments) Act 2009 provides as follows:

                   (1)  Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Provision(s)

Commencement

Date/Details

13.  Schedule 5, items 32 to 64

Immediately after the commencement of Part 2‑4 of the Fair Work Act 2009.

1 July 2009

17.  Schedule 5, items 70 to 79

Immediately after the commencement of Part 2‑4 of the Fair Work Act 2009.

1 July 2009

21.  Schedule 5, Part 3

Immediately after the commencement of Part 2‑4 of the Fair Work Act 2009.

1 July 2009

(t)              Subsection 2(1) (item 14) of the Australian Charities and Not‑for‑profits Commission (Consequential and Transitional) Act 2012 provides as follows:

                   (1)  Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Provision(s)

Commencement

Date/Details

14.  Schedule 4, Part 2, Division 2

The later of:

(a) immediately after the commencement of the provision(s) covered by table item 3; and

(b) immediately after the commencement of Schedule 1 to the Tax Laws Amendment (Special Conditions for Not‑for‑profit Concessions) Act 2012.

However, the provision(s) do not commence at all unless both of the events mentioned in paragraphs (a) and (b) occur.

[see Endnote 5]

(paragraph (b) applies)

Endnote 4—Amendment history

 

Provision affected

How affected

Title....................................

am. No. 180, 1992; No. 165, 1995; No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

Preamble.............................

am. No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

Part I

 

s. 3......................................

am. Nos. 179 and 180, 1992; No. 165, 1995; No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

s. 4......................................

am. No. 72, 1984; No. 126, 1986; Nos. 80 and 87, 1988; No. 115, 1990; No. 71, 1991; Nos. 179 and 180, 1992: No. 165, 1995; No. 60, 1996; Nos. 116, 133, 146 and 161, 1999; No. 105, 2002; SLI 2006 No. 50; No. 54, 2009; No. 70, 2009; Nos. 40 and 46, 2011; No. 169, 2012; No 98, 2013

s. 4A...................................

ad. No. 180, 1992

 

am. No. 144, 2008; No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

s. 4B...................................

ad. No. 165, 1995

s. 5......................................

am. No. 165, 1995; No. 103, 2003; No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

s 5A....................................

ad No 98, 2013

s 5B....................................

ad No 98, 2013

s 5C....................................

ad No 98, 2013

hdg to s 6............................

am No 98, 2013

s. 6......................................

am. No. 165, 1995; No 98, 2013

s. 7......................................

rs. No. 165, 1995

 

am. No. 40, 2011

s. 7AA................................

ad. No. 40, 2011

s. 7A...................................

ad. No. 180, 1992

s. 7B...................................

ad. No. 165, 1995

 

am. No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

s. 7C...................................

ad. No. 165, 1995

s. 7D...................................

ad. No. 165, 1995

 

am. No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

s. 8......................................

am. No. 180, 1992; No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

s. 9......................................

am. No. 179, 1992; No. 165, 1995; No. 144, 2008; No. 70, 2009; No. 40, 2011

s. 10........................................... s

am. No. 165, 1995; No. 133, 1999; No. 144, 2008; No. 70, 2009; No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

Heading to s. 11..................

am. No. 40, 2011

s. 11....................................

am. No. 165, 1995; No. 133, 1999; No. 70, 2009; No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

s. 11A.................................

ad. No. 144, 2008

 

am. No. 70, 2009

 

rep. No. 40, 2011

s. 13....................................

am. No. 13, 1994

s. 13A.................................

ad. No. 24, 2001

Part II

 

Division 1

 

s. 14....................................

am. No. 71, 1991; No. 180, 1992; No. 13, 1994; No. 165, 1995; No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

s. 15....................................

am. No. 165, 1995; No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

s. 16....................................

am. No. 165, 1995; No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

s. 17....................................

am. No. 165, 1995; No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

s. 18....................................

am. No. 165, 1995; No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

Heading to s. 19..................

am. No. 165, 1995; No. 60, 1996; No. 105, 2002; No. 54, 2009

s. 19....................................

am. No. 165, 1995; No. 54, 2009; No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

s. 20....................................

am. No. 165, 1995; No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

Division 2

 

s. 21....................................

am. No. 165, 1995; No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

s. 22....................................

am. No. 165, 1995; No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

s. 23....................................

am. No. 165, 1995; No. 40, 2011; No. 169, 2012; No 98, 2013

s. 24....................................

am. No. 165, 1995; No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

s. 25....................................

am. No. 165, 1995; No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

s. 26....................................

am. No. 165, 1995; No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

Heading to s. 27..................

rs. No. 103, 2003

s. 27....................................

am. No. 165, 1995; No. 103, 2003; No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

Note to s. 27(2)...................

ad. No. 103, 2003

Division 3

 

Div. 3 of Part II...................

rs. No. 179, 1992

ss. 28, 29............................

rep. No. 179, 1992

s. 28A.................................

ad. No. 179, 1992

 

am. No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

s. 28B.................................

ad. No. 179, 1992

 

am. No. 40, 2011

ss. 28C–28E.......................

ad. No. 179, 1992

s. 28F..................................

ad. No. 179, 1992

 

am. No. 40, 2011

Heading to s. 28G...............

am. No. 40, 2011

s. 28G.................................

ad. No. 179, 1992

 

am. No. 40, 2011

s. 28H.................................

ad. No. 179, 1992

ss. 28J–28L........................

ad. No. 179, 1992

Division 4

 

s 30.....................................

am No 98, 2013

Heading to s. 31..................

am. No. 40, 2011

s. 31....................................

am. No. 40, 2011

s. 33....................................

rep. No. 165, 1995

s 35.....................................

am No 98, 2013

s. 36....................................

am. No. 169, 2012

 

rs No 96, 2013

s 37.....................................

am No 98, 2013

s 38.....................................

am No 98, 2013

s. 39....................................

am. No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

s. 40....................................

am. Nos. 38 and 75, 1988; Nos. 70 and 71, 1991; No. 164, 1994; Nos. 22 and 165, 1995; No. 60, 1996; No. 171, 1997; SLI 2006 No. 50; Nos. 54 and 124, 2009; No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

Note to s. 40(1)...................

rs. No. 54, 2009

Note to s. 40.......................

ad. No. 86, 2005

s. 40A.................................

ad. No. 71, 1991

 

rep. No. 70, 2009

s. 41....................................

rs. No. 71, 1991

 

am. No. 165, 1992

s. 41A.................................

ad. No. 71, 1991

 

am. No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

s. 41B.................................

ad. No. 71, 1991

 

am. No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

s 42.....................................

am No 98, 2013

s. 43....................................

am. No. 165, 1995

s 43A..................................

ad No 98, 2013

s. 44....................................

am. No. 65, 1985; No. 71, 1991; No. 165, 1992; No. 59, 1995

Part III

 

Heading to Part III...............

rs. No. 133, 1999; No. 70, 2009

Division 1

 

s. 47A.................................

ad. No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

Heading to s. 48..................

rs. No. 70, 2009

s. 48....................................

am. No. 126, 1986; No. 179, 1992; No. 165, 1995; No. 133, 1999; No. 40, 2011; No 98, 2013

Note to s. 48(1)...................

ad. No. 133, 1999

 

am. No. 70, 2009

s. 49....................................

am. No. 126, 1986; No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 50....................................

am. No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

Heading to s. 50A...............

am. No. 60, 1996

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 50A.................................

ad. No. 179, 1992

 

am. No. 60, 1996

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

Heading to s. 50B................

am. No. 60, 1996

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 50B.................................

ad. No. 179, 1992

 

am. No. 60, 1996

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

ss. 50C, 50D.......................

ad. No. 109, 1993

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

ss. 50E, 50F........................

ad. No. 168, 1995

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 51....................................

rep. No. 133, 1999

Div. 2 of Part III.................

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 52....................................

am. No. 38, 1988; No. 165, 1992

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

ss. 52A, 52B.......................

ad. No. 165, 1992

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

ss. 53–57............................

rep. No. 133, 1999

Heading to Div. 3 of Part III

rs. No. 126, 1986

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

Div. 3 of Part III.................

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 57A.................................

ad. No. 126, 1986

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

ss. 58, 59............................

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 60....................................

am. No. 126, 1986

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

ss. 61–68............................

rep. No. 133, 1999

ss. 69, 70............................

rs. No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 70A.................................

ad. No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 71....................................

am. No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 72....................................

rs. No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

ss. 73–75............................

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 75A.................................

ad. No. 76, 1986

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 76....................................

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 77....................................

am. No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

ss. 78, 79............................

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 80....................................

am. No. 126, 1986; No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 81....................................

am. No. 38, 1988; No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 82....................................

am. No. 165, 1992

 

rs. No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 82A.................................

ad. No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 59, 1995

s. 82B.................................

ad. No. 179, 1992

 

am. No. 13, 1994

 

rep. No. 59, 1995

s. 82C.................................

ad. No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 59, 1995

s. 83....................................

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 84....................................

am. No. 179, 1992; No. 13, 1994

 

rep. No. 59, 1995

Div. 3A of Part III...............

ad. No. 59, 1995

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

ss. 83A–83F.......................

ad. No. 59, 1995

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 84....................................

ad. No. 59, 1995

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

Div. 4 of Part III.................

ad. No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

ss. 84A–84F.......................

ad. No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

Part IV

 

s. 86....................................

am. No. 24, 2001; No. 70, 2009

s. 87....................................

am. No. 165, 1992; No. 133, 1999; No. 24, 2001; No. 70, 2009

ss. 88–91............................

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 92....................................

am. No. 72, 1984; No. 126, 1986; No. 38, 1988; No. 165, 1992; No. 133, 1999; No. 24, 2001; No. 70, 2009

s. 93....................................

am. No. 133, 1999

 

rep. No. 137, 2000

s. 94....................................

am. No. 133, 1999; No. 70, 2009

s. 95....................................

am. No. 24, 2001; No. 70, 2009

Part V

 

s. 96....................................

am. No. 59, 1995; No. 70, 2009

s. 97....................................

am. No. 126, 1986; No. 133, 1999

s. 98....................................

am. No. 59, 1995

s. 99....................................

rs. No. 132, 1992

 

am. No. 146, 1999

s. 102..................................

am. No. 132, 1992

s. 103..................................

am. No. 132, 1992; No. 46, 2011

Note to s. 103.....................

ad. No. 46, 2011

Part VI

 

s. 104..................................

am. No. 132, 1992; No. 133, 1999

s. 107..................................

am. No. 133, 1999

s. 109..................................

am. No. 87, 1988; No. 60, 1996; SLI 2006 No. 50

 

rep. No. 54, 2009

s. 111..................................

am. No. 133, 1999; No. 70, 2009

s. 112..................................

am. No. 126, 1986; No. 24, 2001; No. 70, 2009

Note to s. 112(3).................

ad. No. 24, 2001

s. 115..................................

rep. No. 133, 1999

 

Endnote 5—Uncommenced amendments

Australian Charities and Not‑for‑profits Commission (Consequential and Transitional) Act 2012 (No. 169, 2012)

Schedule 4

23  Subparagraph 23(3)(c)(ii)

After “not‑for‑profit entity”, insert “(within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997)”.

Endnote 6—Modifications [none]

Endnote 7—Misdescribed amendments [none]

Endnote 8—Miscellaneous [none]