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Administered by: Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities
Published Date 08 Feb 2013
Printed Publication Date 08 Feb 2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999

 

INCLUSION OF A PLACE IN THE NATIONAL HERITAGE LIST

 

 

Western Tasmania Aboriginal Cultural Landscape

 

I, Tony Burke, Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, having considered in relation to the place described in the Schedule of this instrument:

 

(a)       the Australian Heritage Council’s assessment whether the place meets any of the National Heritage criteria; and

 

(b)       the comments given to the Council under sections 324JG and 324JH of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999; and

 

being satisfied that the place described in the Schedule has the National Heritage values specified in the Schedule, pursuant to section 324JJ of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, include the place and its National Heritage value in the National Heritage List.

 

 

 

Dated   7/2/2013

 

 

[signed by]

 

Tony Burke

Minister for Sustainability, Environment,

Water, Population and Communities


SCHEDULE

 

STATE / TERRITORY

Local Governments

Name

Location / Boundary

Criteria / Values

 

TASMANIA

 

Circular Head Municipality; West Coast Municipality

 

Western Tasmania Aboriginal Cultural Landscape:

 

About 21,000 ha, located in north-west Tasmania, comprising;

 

(a)  That part of Arthur Pieman Conservation Area to the north of Arthur River and within 2   km of MLWM (Mean Low Water Mark  [the extent of the sea or an estuary at a local mean low tide]).

 

(b) The whole of Kings Run Private Nature Reserve, the whole of West Point State Reserve and the whole of Sundown Point State Reserve.

 

(c)  An area bounded by a line commencing at the most south-western corner of Pieman River State Reserve (approximate MGA point Zone 55G CP 326670E 5383605N),

·                     then northerly via the Pieman River State Reserve boundary to the north western corner of the reserve at approximate MGA point 326565E 5385305N,

·                     then northerly via the MLWM to its intersection with the Arthur-Pieman Conservation Area boundary at approximate MGA point 303310E 5452240N,

·                     then easterly via the Arthur-Pieman Conservation Area boundary to its intersection with MGA northing 5452800N (MGA point 304578E 5452800N),

·                      then generally southerly only including that part of the Arthur Pieman Conservation Area within two kilometres of the MLWM to a point on the north western boundary of the Pieman River State Reserve (approximate MGA point 327868E 5387014N),

·                      then directly to the intersection of the Pieman River State Reserve with the northern boundary of Land Parcel 1/238462 (approximate MGA point 328393E 5385834N),

·                      then westerly and southerly via the northern and western boundaries of Land Parcel 1/238462 to the north western corner of Land Parcel 1/224646,

·                     then southerly, easterly and northerly via the boundaries of Land Parcel 1/224646 to its intersection with the boundary of Land Parcel 1/238462,

·                      then generally southerly via the western boundaries of Land Parcels 1/238462, 22/118557 and 1/101724 to the south western corner of Land Parcel 1/101724,

·                      then easterly and northerly via the southern and eastern boundaries of Land Parcel 1/101724 and easterly via the southern boundary of Land Parcel 22/118557 to its south eastern corner,

·                      then southerly directly to a point two kilometres inland from MLWM (approximate MGA point 328412E 5382343N),

·                      then generally south easterly via a line two kilometres inland from MLWM (but excluding Land Parcels 3/111147 and 1/109376) to the intersection with Duck Creek (approximate MGA point 336500mE 5374775mN),

·                      then downstream via the middle thread of Duck Creek to the MLWM,

·                      then northerly via the MLWM to its intersection with the alignment of the southern boundary of LPI 1/238463 (approximate MGA point 326685E 5380460N),

·                     then easterly, northerly and westerly via the alignment and the southern, eastern and northern boundaries of LPI 1/238463 to its north west corner,

·                      then westerly via the westerly alignment of the northern boundary of LPI 1/238463 to its intersection with the MLWM (approximate MGA point 326530E 5381290N),

·                     then northerly via the MLWM to the commencement point.

 

 

The following five areas are excluded from the above:

 

Exclusion 1.

An area bounded by a line commencing at the intersection of  MLWM with the Arthur-Pieman Conservation Area boundary at approximate MGA point 306065E 5432790N,

-        then via straight lines joining the following MGA points consecutively: 306865E 5432795N, 306397E 5434010N,

-        then directly to the intersection of the Arthur-Pieman Conservation Area boundary with the MLWM at approximate MGA point 305980E 5433760N,

-         then southerly via the Arthur-Pieman Conservation Area boundary to the point of commencement.

 

Exclusion 2

An area bounded by a line commencing at the intersection of the MLWM with the Arthur-Pieman Conservation Area boundary at approximate MGA point 306235E 5434320N,

-        then via straight lines joining the following MGA points consecutively:

-        306270E 5434265N, 306280E 5434235N, 306290E 5434240N, 306315E 5434205N, 306483E 5434382N, 306495E 5434400N,

-        then directly to the intersection of the MLWM with the Arthur-Pieman Conservation Area boundary at approximate MGA point 306370E 5434460N,

-        then southerly via the MLWM to the point of commencement.

 

Exclusion 3.

An area bounded by a line commencing at the intersection of the MLWM with the Arthur-Pieman Conservation Area boundary at approximate MGA point 305485E 5438560N,

-        then via straight lines joining the following MGA points consecutively:
305547E 5438827N, 305560E 5438843N, 305552E 5438851N, 305611E 5439119N, 305647E 5439096N, 305691E 5439164N, 305629E 5439204N, 305657E 5439332N, 305397E 5439778N, 305224E 5439700N, 305191E 5439710N, 305182E 5439682N, 305184E 5439682N,

-        then directly to the intersection of the MLWM with the Arthur-Pieman Conservation Area boundary at approximate MGA point MGA point 305150E 5439665N,

-        then southerly via the MLWM to the point of commencement.

 


Exclusion 4.

An area bounded by a line commencing at the intersection of the MLWM with the Arthur-Pieman Conservation Area boundary at approximate MGA point 304840E 5441105N,

-        then via straight lines joining the following MGA points consecutively:
304890E 5440970N, 304865E 5440965N, 304890E 5440920N, 304910E 5440930N, 304935E 5440860N, 305165E 5440995N, 305165E 5441185N,

-        then directly to the intersection of the MLWM with the Arthur-Pieman Conservation Area boundary at approximate MGA point 304910E 5441185N,

-        then southerly via the MLWM to the point of commencement.

 

Exclusion 5.

An area bounded by a line commencing at the intersection of the MLWM with the Arthur-Pieman Conservation Area boundary at approximate MGA point 304295E 5443425N,

-        then via straight lines joining the following MGA points consecutively:
304765E 5443425N, 304765E 5444285N,

-        then directly to the intersection of the MLWM with the Arthur-Pieman Conservation Area boundary at approximate MGA point 304495E 5444285N,

-        then southerly via the MLWM to the point of commencement.

 

 

 


 

Criterion

Value

 

(a)

 

the place has outstanding heritage value to the nation because of the place's importance in the course, or pattern, of Australia's natural or cultural history.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

During the late Holocene Aboriginal people on the west coast of Tasmania and the southwestern coast of Victoria developed a specialised and more sedentary way of life based on a strikingly low level of coastal fishing and dependence on seals, shellfish and land mammals (Lourandos 1968; Bowdler and Lourandos 1982).
 
This way of life is represented by Aboriginal shell middens which lack the remains of bony fish, but contain ‘hut depressions’ which sometimes form semi-sedentary villages. Nearby some of these villages are circular pits in cobble beaches which the Aboriginal community believes are seal hunting hides (David Collett pers. comm.; Stockton and Rodgers 1979; Cane 1980; AHDB RNE Place ID 12060).
 
The Western Tasmania Aboriginal Cultural Landscape has the greatest number, diversity and density of Aboriginal hut depressions in Australia. The hut depressions together with seal hunting hides and middens lacking fish bones on the Tarkine coast (Legge 1929:325;  Pulleine 1929:311-312;  Hiatt 1967:191; Jones 1974:133;  Bowdler 1974:18-19;  Lourandos 1970: Appendix 6;  Stockton and Rodgers 1979;  Ranson 1980; Stockton 1984b:61; Collett et al 1998a and 1998b) are a remarkable expression of the specialised and more sedentary Aboriginal way of life.

 

 

 

 

 

For more information on the place search the Australian Heritage Database at http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/ahdb/search.pl using the name of the place.