Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

Primary content

Australian Securities and Investments Commission Act 2001

Authoritative Version
  • - C2013C00438
  • In force - Superseded Version
  • View Series
Act No. 51 of 2001 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Corporations and Financial Sector Legislation Amendment Act 2013
An Act to provide for the Australian Securities and Investments Commission, a Corporations and Markets Advisory Committee and certain other bodies, and for other purposes
Administered by: Treasury
General Comments: This compilation is affected by retrospective amendments. Please see the Treasury Laws Amendment (2017 Measures No. 3) Act 2017 (Act No. 75 of 2017) for details.
Registered 19 Aug 2013
Start Date 19 Jul 2013
End Date 30 Jun 2014

Commonwealth Coat of Arms

Australian Securities and Investments Commission Act 2001

No. 51, 2001 as amended

Compilation start date:                     19 July 2013

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 59, 2013

 

About this compilation

The compiled Act

This is a compilation of the Australian Securities and Investments Commission Act 2001 as amended and in force on 19 July 2013. It includes any amendment affecting the compiled Act to that date.

This compilation was prepared on 24 July 2013.

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending Acts and instruments and the amendment history of each amended provision.

Uncommenced provisions and amendments

If a provision of the compiled Act is affected by an uncommenced amendment, the text of the uncommenced amendment is set out in the endnotes.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for amendments

If the operation of an amendment is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision, the provision is identified in the endnotes.

Modifications

If a provision of the compiled Act is affected by a textual modification that is in force, the text of the modifying provision is set out in the endnotes.

Provisions ceasing to have effect

If a provision of the compiled Act has expired or otherwise ceased to have effect in accordance with a provision of the Act, details of the provision are set out in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                             1

Division 1—Objects                                                                                                       1

1............ Objects................................................................................................ 1

Division 2—Citation                                                                                                      3

1A......... Short title............................................................................................. 3

Division 3—Commencement and application                                                  4

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 4

4............ Application of this Act........................................................................ 4

4A......... Application of the Criminal Code....................................................... 5

Division 4—Interpretation                                                                                         6

5............ Interpretation....................................................................................... 6

5A......... Application of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901................................ 15

6............ Giving information............................................................................ 15

Part 2—Australian Securities and Investments Commission and consumer protection in relation to financial services                                                                                                16

Division 1—Australian Securities and Investments Commission        16

8............ ASIC is a body corporate.................................................................. 16

8A......... ASIC’s liabilities are Commonwealth liabilities................................ 17

9............ Membership...................................................................................... 17

10.......... Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson............................................... 18

10A....... Chairperson not subject to direction by ASIC on certain matters...... 18

11.......... Corporations legislation functions and powers and other functions and powers      18

12.......... Directions by Minister...................................................................... 21

12A....... Other functions and powers.............................................................. 22

Division 2—Unconscionable conduct and consumer protection in relation to financial  services           24

Subdivision A—Application                                                                                  24

12AC.... Division extends to some conduct outside Australia......................... 24

12AD.... Application of Division to Commonwealth and Commonwealth authorities            25

12AE..... Saving of other laws and remedies.................................................... 26

Subdivision B—Interpretation                                                                              26

12BA.... Interpretation..................................................................................... 26

12BAA. Definition of financial product.......................................................... 31

12BAB.. Meaning of financial service............................................................. 37

12BB..... Misleading representations with respect to future matters................. 42

12BC..... Consumers........................................................................................ 43

12BD.... Acquisition, supply and re‑supply.................................................... 45

12BE..... Application of Division in relation to leases and licences of land and buildings       45

12BEA.. Asserting a right to payment............................................................. 46

Subdivision BA—Unfair contract terms                                                            47

12BF..... Unfair terms of consumer contracts.................................................. 47

12BG.... Meaning of unfair............................................................................. 47

12BH.... Examples of unfair terms.................................................................. 48

12BI...... Terms that define main subject matter of consumer contracts etc. are unaffected      49

12BK..... Standard form contracts.................................................................... 50

12BL..... Contracts to which this Part does not apply...................................... 51

12BM.... Contraventions of this Subdivision etc.............................................. 51

Subdivision C—Unconscionable conduct                                                           51

12CA.... Unconscionable conduct within the meaning of the unwritten law of the States and Territories               51

12CB..... Unconscionable conduct in connection with financial services......... 51

12CC..... Matters the court may have regard to for the purposes of section 12CB  52

Subdivision D—Consumer protection                                                                 56

12DA.... Misleading or deceptive conduct....................................................... 56

12DB.... False or misleading representations................................................... 57

12DC.... False or misleading representations in relation to financial products that involve interests in land           59

12DD.... Cash price to be stated in certain circumstances................................ 60

12DE..... Offering rebates, gifts, prizes etc....................................................... 61

12DF..... Certain misleading conduct in relation to financial services............... 63

12DG.... Bait advertising................................................................................. 63

12DH.... Referral selling.................................................................................. 64

12DI...... Accepting payment without intending or being able to supply as ordered                65

12DJ..... Harassment and coercion.................................................................. 66

12DK.... Pyramid selling of financial products................................................ 66

12DL..... Unsolicited credit cards and debit cards............................................ 69

12DM... Assertion of right to payment for unsolicited financial services etc... 70

12DMA Liability of recipient for unsolicited financial services etc................. 71

12DMB. Assertion of right to payment for unauthorised advertisements........ 72

12DN.... Application of provisions of this Division to information providers. 74

Subdivision E—Conditions and warranties in consumer transactions       76

12EA..... Conflict of laws................................................................................. 76

12EB..... Application of provisions not to be excluded or modified................. 76

12EC..... Limitation of liability for breach of certain conditions or warranties. 77

12ED..... Warranties in relation to the supply of financial services................... 78

Subdivision G—Enforcement and remedies                                                     79

12GA.... Interpretation..................................................................................... 79

12GB.... Offences against Subdivision D........................................................ 79

12GBA. Pecuniary penalties............................................................................ 81

12GBB.. Pecuniary penalties and offences....................................................... 83

12GBC.. Civil action for recovery of pecuniary penalties................................ 84

12GBD. Indemnification of officers................................................................ 84

12GC.... Enforcement and recovery of certain fines........................................ 85

12GCA. Preference must be given to compensation for victims...................... 87

12GD.... Injunctions........................................................................................ 88

12GF..... Actions for damages......................................................................... 90

12GG.... Finding in proceedings to be evidence.............................................. 91

12GH.... Conduct by directors, employees or agents....................................... 91

12GI...... Defences........................................................................................... 92

12GJ..... Jurisdiction of courts......................................................................... 94

12GK.... Transfer of matters............................................................................ 95

12GL..... Transfer of certain proceedings to Family Court............................... 97

12GLA.. Non‑punitive orders.......................................................................... 99

12GLB.. Punitive orders requiring adverse publicity..................................... 100

12GLC.. ASIC may issue a public warning notice........................................ 101

12GLD.. Order disqualifying a person from managing corporations............. 102

12GM... Other orders.................................................................................... 103

12GN.... Power of Court to prohibit payment or transfer of money or other property            106

12GNA. Limit on liability for misleading or deceptive conduct..................... 108

12GNB. Orders to redress loss or damage suffered by non‑party consumers etc.  110

12GNC. Kinds of orders that may be made to redress loss or damage suffered by non‑party consumers etc.        113

12GND. Declarations.................................................................................... 114

12GO.... Intervention by ASIC...................................................................... 114

Subdivision GA—Proportionate liability for misleading and deceptive conduct          114

12GP..... Application of Subdivision............................................................. 114

12GQ.... Certain concurrent wrongdoers not to have benefit of apportionment 115

12GR.... Proportionate liability for apportionable claims............................... 116

12GS..... Defendant to notify plaintiff of concurrent wrongdoer of whom defendant is aware               117

12GT..... Contribution not recoverable from defendant.................................. 117

12GU.... Subsequent actions.......................................................................... 118

12GV.... Joining non‑party concurrent wrongdoer in the action.................... 118

12GW... Application of Subdivision............................................................. 118

Subdivision GB—Infringement notices                                                            119

12GX.... Purpose and effect of this Subdivision............................................ 119

12GXA. Issue of an infringement notice....................................................... 119

12GXB. Matters to be included in an infringement notice............................. 120

12GXC. Amount of penalty.......................................................................... 120

12GXD. Effect of compliance with an infringement notice............................ 121

12GXE.. Effect of failure to comply with an infringement notice................... 122

12GXF.. Infringement notice compliance period for infringement notice....... 122

12GXG. Withdrawal of an infringement notice............................................. 123

Subdivision GC—Substantiation notices                                                          124

12GY.... ASIC may require claims to be substantiated etc............................. 124

12GYA. Extending periods for complying with substantiation notices......... 126

12GYB. Compliance with substantiation notices........................................... 126

12GYC. False or misleading information etc................................................. 126

Subdivision H—Miscellaneous                                                                           127

12HA.... Relationship of this Subdivision to Part 3....................................... 127

12HB.... Disclosure of documents by ASIC................................................. 127

12HC.... Prosecutions.................................................................................... 128

12HD.... Jurisdiction of Court to make declarations and orders..................... 129

Part 3—Investigations and information‑gathering                                        130

Division 1—Investigations                                                                                     130

13.......... General powers of investigation...................................................... 130

14.......... Minister may direct investigations................................................... 131

15.......... Investigation after report of receiver or liquidator........................... 132

16.......... Interim report on investigation........................................................ 132

17.......... Final report on investigation............................................................ 133

18.......... Distribution of report...................................................................... 133

Division 2—Examination of persons                                                                134

19.......... Notice requiring appearance for examination.................................. 134

20.......... Proceedings at examination............................................................. 134

21.......... Requirements made of examinee..................................................... 134

22.......... Examination to take place in private................................................ 135

23.......... Examinee’s lawyer may attend........................................................ 135

24.......... Record of examination.................................................................... 136

25.......... Giving to other persons copies of record........................................ 136

26.......... Copies given subject to conditions.................................................. 137

27.......... Record to accompany report............................................................ 137

Division 3—Inspection of books and audit information‑gathering powers          139

28.......... When certain powers may be exercised........................................... 139

29.......... ASIC may inspect books without charge........................................ 139

30.......... Notice to produce books about affairs of body corporate or registered scheme        140

30A....... Notice to auditors concerning information and books..................... 140

31.......... Notice to produce books about financial products........................... 142

32A....... Notice to produce books about financial services............................ 143

33.......... Notice to produce documents in person’s possession..................... 143

34.......... ASIC may authorise persons to require production of books, giving of information etc.         144

35.......... Application for warrant to seize books............................................ 145

36.......... Grant of warrant.............................................................................. 145

36A....... Execution of warrant....................................................................... 146

37.......... Powers where books produced or seized........................................ 147

38.......... Powers where books not produced................................................. 149

39.......... Power to require person to identify property of body corporate...... 149

39A....... ASIC may give copy of book relating to registered scheme to another person         149

39B....... ASIC to notify foreign regulator’s access to information or books. 149

Division 4—Requirements to disclose information                                   151

40.......... When certain powers may be exercised........................................... 151

41.......... Acquisitions and disposals of financial products............................ 151

42.......... Acquisitions and disposals of trust property by trustee companies. 153

43.......... Exercise of certain powers of ASIC in relation to financial products 154

44.......... Exercise of certain powers of ASIC in relation to trust property acquired or disposed of by trustee company        156

47.......... Disclosures to take place in private................................................. 157

48.......... Lawyer of person making disclosure may attend............................ 157

Division 5—Proceedings after an investigation                                          159

49.......... ASIC may cause prosecution to be begun....................................... 159

50.......... ASIC may cause civil proceeding to be begun................................ 160

Division 5A—Audit deficiency notifications and reports                      161

50A....... Application...................................................................................... 161

50B....... Notice of audit deficiency................................................................ 162

50C....... Audit deficiency report.................................................................... 162

50D....... Publication of report........................................................................ 163

50E........ Consultation before publication....................................................... 164

Division 6—Hearings                                                                                                165

51.......... Power to hold hearings................................................................... 165

52.......... General discretion to hold hearing in public or private.................... 165

53.......... Request by person appearing at hearing that it take place in public. 165

54.......... Certain hearings to take place in private.......................................... 166

55.......... ASIC may restrict publication of certain material............................ 166

56.......... Who may be present when hearing takes place in private................ 166

57.......... Involvement of person entitled to appear at hearing........................ 167

58.......... Power to summon witnesses and take evidence.............................. 168

59.......... Proceedings at hearings................................................................... 169

60.......... ASIC to take account of evidence and submissions........................ 169

61.......... Reference to Court of question of law arising at hearing................. 170

62.......... Protection of members etc............................................................... 170

Division 7—Offences                                                                                                 171

63.......... Non‑compliance with requirements made under this Part............... 171

64.......... False information............................................................................ 172

65.......... Obstructing person acting under this Part....................................... 172

66.......... Contempt of ASIC.......................................................................... 173

67.......... Concealing books relevant to investigation..................................... 174

68.......... Self‑incrimination............................................................................ 174

69.......... Legal professional privilege............................................................ 175

70.......... Powers of Court where non‑compliance with Part.......................... 176

Division 8—ASIC’s powers where non‑compliance with Part           177

71.......... Orders by ASIC.............................................................................. 177

72.......... Orders in relation to securities of a body corporate......................... 177

73.......... Orders in relation to financial products and trust property generally 178

75.......... Orders under this Division.............................................................. 179

Division 9—Evidentiary use of certain material                                        181

76.......... Statements made at an examination: proceedings against examinee. 181

77.......... Statements made at an examination: other proceedings................... 181

78.......... Weight of evidence admitted under section 77................................ 182

79.......... Objection to admission of statements made at examination............. 183

80.......... Copies of, or extracts from, certain books....................................... 184

81.......... Report under Division 1.................................................................. 185

82.......... Exceptions to admissibility of report............................................... 185

83.......... Material otherwise admissible......................................................... 186

Division 10—Miscellaneous                                                                                   187

84.......... Requirement made of a body corporate........................................... 187

85.......... Evidence of authority...................................................................... 187

86.......... Giving documents to natural persons.............................................. 187

87.......... Place and time for production of books........................................... 188

88.......... Application of Crimes Act and Evidence Act.................................. 188

89.......... Allowances and expenses............................................................... 188

90.......... Expenses of investigation under Division 1.................................... 189

91.......... Recovery of expenses of investigation............................................ 189

92.......... Compliance with Part...................................................................... 190

93.......... Effect of Part................................................................................... 190

93AA.... Enforcement of undertakings.......................................................... 190

Part 3A—Enforceable undertakings in relation to registered schemes 192

93A....... Undertakings by responsible entity................................................. 192

Part 4—ASIC’s business                                                                                                194

Division 1—General                                                                                                  194

94.......... Arrangement of ASIC’s business................................................... 194

95.......... ASIC to establish offices................................................................ 194

96.......... Regional Commissioners................................................................ 194

Division 2—Divisions of ASIC                                                                             195

97.......... ASIC may establish Division.......................................................... 195

98.......... Effect of direction establishing Division......................................... 195

99.......... ASIC may reconstitute Division..................................................... 195

100........ Effect of reconstituting Division..................................................... 195

101........ Multiple Divisions.......................................................................... 196

Division 3—Delegation by ASIC                                                                        197

102........ Delegation....................................................................................... 197

Division 4—Meetings of ASIC                                                                             199

103........ Convening of meetings................................................................... 199

104........ Approved methods of communication............................................ 199

105........ Quorum........................................................................................... 199

106........ Who is to preside at meetings.......................................................... 199

107........ Procedure at meetings..................................................................... 200

Part 5—ASIC’s members                                                                                              201

Division 1—Terms and conditions                                                                     201

108........ Term of office as member............................................................... 201

109........ Term of office as Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson................... 201

110........ Resignation..................................................................................... 201

111........ Termination of appointment............................................................ 201

112........ Remuneration and allowances etc.................................................... 203

113........ Leave of absence............................................................................. 203

114........ Superannuation arrangements......................................................... 204

115........ Other terms and conditions............................................................. 204

Division 2—Acting appointments                                                                       205

116........ Acting members.............................................................................. 205

117........ Acting Chairperson......................................................................... 205

118........ Acting Deputy Chairperson............................................................ 206

119........ Limitation on appointments to act during vacancy........................... 206

Division 3—Delegation by members                                                                 207

119A..... Delegation by members................................................................... 207

Part 6—ASIC’s staff                                                                                                        208

120........ Staff................................................................................................ 208

121........ Consultants etc................................................................................ 208

122........ Staff seconded to ASIC.................................................................. 209

Part 7—Preventing conflicts of interest and misuse of information   210

Division 1—Disclosure of interests                                                                    210

123........ Members to disclose certain interests to Minister............................ 210

124........ Members to disclose certain interests to Chairperson...................... 211

125........ Notification of interests to ASIC..................................................... 212

126........ Defence........................................................................................... 212

Division 2—Confidentiality                                                                                   213

127........ Confidentiality................................................................................. 213

Part 8—Finance and reporting requirements                                                  220

Division 2—Reporting requirements                                                                220

136........ Annual reports................................................................................ 220

Division 3—Liability to taxation                                                                        223

137........ Liability to taxation.......................................................................... 223

Part 9—The Corporations and Markets Advisory Committee             224

Division 1—General                                                                                                  224

146........ CAMAC is a body corporate.......................................................... 224

146A..... CAMAC’s liabilities are Commonwealth liabilities........................ 224

147........ Membership.................................................................................... 225

147A..... Convenor not subject to direction by CAMAC on certain matters.. 226

148........ Functions........................................................................................ 226

149........ Term of office as member............................................................... 226

150........ Resignation..................................................................................... 226

151........ Termination of appointment............................................................ 227

152........ Remuneration and allowances etc.................................................... 227

153........ Meetings......................................................................................... 227

154........ CAMAC to inform itself in any manner......................................... 228

155........ Publication of advice or recommendations...................................... 228

Division 2—Staff                                                                                                         229

156........ Staff................................................................................................ 229

157........ Consultants etc................................................................................ 229

158........ Staff seconded to CAMAC............................................................. 229

Division 3—Liability to taxation                                                                        231

159........ Liability to taxation.......................................................................... 231

Division 4—Reporting requirements                                                                232

162........ Annual report.................................................................................. 232

Part 10—The Takeovers Panel                                                                                  233

Division 1—General                                                                                                  233

172........ Membership.................................................................................... 233

173........ President......................................................................................... 234

174........ Functions and powers of Panel....................................................... 234

175........ Term of office as member............................................................... 234

176........ Term of office as President............................................................. 235

177........ Resignation..................................................................................... 235

178........ Termination of appointment............................................................ 235

179........ Remuneration and allowances......................................................... 236

180........ Leave of absence............................................................................. 236

181........ Other terms and conditions............................................................. 236

182........ Acting President.............................................................................. 236

183........ Annual report.................................................................................. 237

Division 2—Conduct of Panel’s business                                                        238

184........ Constitution of Panel in relation to particular matters...................... 238

185........ Disclosure of interests by members................................................ 239

186........ Application of Division 2 of Part 7................................................. 240

Division 3—Panel proceedings                                                                            241

187........ Interpretation................................................................................... 241

188........ Power to conduct proceedings........................................................ 241

190........ Panel may restrict publication of certain material............................. 241

192........ Power to summon witnesses and take evidence.............................. 242

193........ Quorum........................................................................................... 243

194........ Legal representation in proceedings before the Panel...................... 243

195........ Procedure........................................................................................ 243

197........ Protection of members etc............................................................... 244

198........ Non‑compliance with requirements made under section 192.......... 244

199........ False evidence................................................................................. 245

200........ Contempt of Panel........................................................................... 245

201........ Powers of Court where non‑compliance with section 192.............. 246

201A..... Undertakings to the Panel............................................................... 246

Part 11—Companies Auditors and Liquidators Disciplinary Board 247

Division 1—Constitution of Disciplinary Board                                         247

203........ Membership of Disciplinary Board................................................. 247

204........ Functions and powers of Disciplinary Board.................................. 248

205........ Term of office................................................................................. 248

206........ Resignation from office................................................................... 248

207........ Termination of appointment............................................................ 248

208........ Acting Chairperson......................................................................... 249

208A..... Acting Deputy Chairperson............................................................ 250

210........ Meetings of the Disciplinary Board................................................ 250

210A..... Panel to be constituted to deal with application............................... 251

210B..... Meetings of Panel of the Disciplinary Board.................................. 253

211........ Disclosure of interests..................................................................... 254

212........ Remuneration and allowances......................................................... 254

213........ Confidentiality................................................................................. 255

214........ Annual report.................................................................................. 255

Division 2—Hearings by Disciplinary Board                                              257

215........ Definition........................................................................................ 257

216........ Hearings.......................................................................................... 257

217........ Power to summon witnesses and take evidence.............................. 259

218........ Proceedings at hearings................................................................... 259

219........ Failure of witnesses to attend and answer questions....................... 260

220........ Contempt of Disciplinary Board..................................................... 262

221........ Protection of members etc............................................................... 263

222........ Hearings taken to be judicial proceedings....................................... 263

223........ Costs............................................................................................... 263

Part 12—The Australian financial reporting system                                   266

224........ Main objects of this Part................................................................. 266

Division 1—The financial reporting system                                                 267

Subdivision A—The Financial Reporting Council                                        267

225........ Functions and powers of the Financial Reporting Council.............. 267

225A..... Financial Reporting Council’s information gathering powers......... 271

Subdivision B—The Australian Accounting Standards Board and the Office of the Australian Accounting Standards Board                                                                                           272

226........ The Office of the Australian Accounting Standards Board............. 272

226A..... Office of the AASB’s functions and powers.................................. 272

227........ AASB’s functions and powers....................................................... 273

Subdivision C—The Auditing and Assurance Standards Board and the Office of the Auditing and Assurance Standards Board                                                                       275

227AA.. The Office of the Auditing and Assurance Standards Board.......... 275

227AB.. Office of the AUASB’s functions and powers............................... 275

227A..... The Auditing and Assurance Standards Board............................... 276

227B..... AUASB’s functions and powers.................................................... 276

Division 2—Accounting standards                                                                    278

228........ Purposive interpretation of standards.............................................. 278

229........ Generic and specific standards........................................................ 278

230........ Comparative amounts...................................................................... 279

231........ Cost/benefit analysis....................................................................... 279

232........ FRC views...................................................................................... 279

233........ International accounting standards.................................................. 280

234........ Validity of accounting standards..................................................... 280

Division 2A—Auditing standards                                                                       281

234A..... Purposive interpretation of standards.............................................. 281

234B..... Generic and specific standards........................................................ 281

234C..... FRC views...................................................................................... 281

234D..... International auditing standards....................................................... 282

234E...... Validity of auditing standards......................................................... 282

Division 3—Administrative provisions                                                            283

Subdivision A—The Financial Reporting Council                                        283

235A..... Membership of FRC....................................................................... 283

235B..... Annual report.................................................................................. 283

235C..... Procedure........................................................................................ 284

Subdivision AA—The Office of the AASB                                                       284

235D..... Duties of the Chair of the AASB.................................................... 284

235E...... Staff of the Office of the AASB..................................................... 284

235F...... Consultants and persons seconded to the Office of the AASB....... 285

235G..... Office of the AASB to have regard to FRC’s advice etc................. 286

235H..... Chair not subject to direction by the AASB on certain matters....... 286

235J...... Annual report.................................................................................. 286

Subdivision B—The Australian Accounting Standards Board                   286

236A..... Procedures...................................................................................... 286

236AA.. AASB to have regard to FRC’s advice etc...................................... 287

236B..... Appointment of members of the AASB.......................................... 287

236C..... Resignation and termination of appointment................................... 288

236D..... Acting appointments....................................................................... 289

236DA.. Disclosure of interests..................................................................... 290

Subdivision BAA—The Office of the AUASB                                                 291

236DB.. Duties of the Chair of the AUASB................................................. 291

236DC.. Staff of the Office of the AUASB.................................................. 291

236DD.. Consultants and persons seconded to the Office of the AUASB.... 292

236DE... Office of the AUASB to have regard to FRC’s advice etc.............. 293

236DF... Chair not subject to direction by the AUASB on certain matters.... 293

236DG.. Annual report.................................................................................. 293

Subdivision BA—The Auditing and Assurance Standards Board             293

236E...... Procedures...................................................................................... 293

236EA... AUASB to have regard to FRC’s advice etc................................... 294

236F...... Appointment of members of the AUASB....................................... 294

236G..... Resignation and termination of appointment................................... 295

236H..... Acting appointments....................................................................... 296

236J...... Disclosure of interests..................................................................... 297

Subdivision C—Confidentiality                                                                          298

237........ Confidentiality................................................................................. 298

Part 14—The Parliamentary Joint Committee on Corporations and Financial Services              300

241........ Membership.................................................................................... 300

242........ Powers and proceedings................................................................. 301

243........ Duties.............................................................................................. 301

Part 15—Miscellaneous                                                                                                  303

243B..... Offences committed partly in and partly out of the jurisdiction....... 303

243D..... Financial transaction reports............................................................ 303

243E...... Suspicious matters reports under the Anti‑Money Laundering and Counter‑Terrorism Financing Act 2006          304

244........ Review by Administrative Appeals Tribunal of certain decisions... 305

244A..... Notice of reviewable decision and review rights............................. 305

245........ Validity of certain actions................................................................ 306

246........ Liability for damages....................................................................... 306

247........ Duplicate seals................................................................................ 308

248........ Judicial notice of ASIC’s seal and members’ signatures................. 308

251........ The regulations................................................................................ 308

Part 16—Transition from the old ASIC legislation                                       310

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                          310

253........ Object of Part.................................................................................. 310

254........ Definitions...................................................................................... 311

255........ Relationship of Part with State validation Acts............................... 315

256........ References to things taken or deemed to be the case etc.................. 316

257........ Existence of several versions of the old ASIC legislation does not result in this Part operating to take the same thing to be done several times under the new ASIC legislation etc.............. 317

258........ Penalty units in respect of pre‑commencement conduct remain at $100 317

259........ Ceasing to be a referring State does not affect previous operation of this Part         318

Division 2—Carrying over bodies established etc. or persons appointed under the old ASIC Act        319

260........ Division has effect subject to Division 7 regulations...................... 319

261........ Carrying over bodies established under the old ASIC Act.............. 319

262........ Carrying over the Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Financial Reporting Council          319

Division 3—Carrying over the old ASIC Regulations                            320

263........ Division has effect subject to Division 7 regulations...................... 320

264........ Old ASIC Regulations continue to have effect................................ 320

Division 4—Court proceedings and orders                                                  321

265........ Division has effect subject to Division 7 regulations...................... 321

266........ Definitions...................................................................................... 321

267........ Treatment of court proceedings under or related to the old ASIC legislation—proceedings other than federal ASIC proceedings..................................................................................... 323

268........ Treatment of court proceedings under or related to the old ASIC legislation—federal ASIC proceedings               326

268A..... Appeals etc. in relation to some former federal corporations proceedings                327

268B..... Effect of decisions and orders made in federal corporations proceedings before commencement            327

269........ References to proceedings and orders in the new ASIC legislation 328

Division 5—Functions and powers of ASIC                                                 330

270........ Division has effect subject to Division 7 regulations...................... 330

271........ Non‑federal proceedings etc............................................................ 330

272........ NCSC’s functions and powers....................................................... 331

Division 6—General transitional provisions relating to other things done etc. under the old ASIC legislation                                                                                              333

273........ Provisions in this Division have effect subject to the other Divisions 333

274........ Provisions of this Division may have an overlapping effect........... 334

275........ Things done by etc. carried over provisions continue to have effect 334

276........ Creation of equivalent rights and liabilities to those that existed before the commencement under carried over provisions of the old ASIC legislation.............................................................. 336

277........ Creation of equivalent rights and liabilities to those that existed before the commencement under repealed provisions of the old ASIC legislation.................................................................. 337

278........ Old ASIC legislation time limits continue to run............................. 338

279........ Preservation of significance etc. of events or circumstances........... 339

280........ References in the new ASIC legislation generally include references to events, circumstances or things that happened or arose before the commencement...................................................... 340

281........ References in the new ASIC legislation to that legislation or the new corporations legislation generally include references to corresponding provisions of the old ASIC legislation or old corporations legislation          340

282........ Carrying over references to corresponding previous laws or relevant previous laws               342

283........ References to ASIC legislation in instruments................................ 342

284........ Old transitional provisions continue to have their effect.................. 343

Division 7—Regulations dealing with transitional matters                  346

285........ Regulations may deal with transitional matters................................ 346

Part 17—Transitional provisions relating to the Corporate Law Economic Reform Program (Audit Reform and Corporate Disclosure) Act 2004                                347

285A..... Definitions...................................................................................... 347

286........ Application of new subsection 225A(5)......................................... 347

287........ Application of Part 8 of Schedule 1 to the amending Act................ 347

288........ Application of Schedule 3 to the amending Act.............................. 349

Part 18—Transitional provisions relating to the Corporations Amendment (Corporate Reporting Reform) Act 2010                                                                                           350

289........ Definitions...................................................................................... 350

290........ Application of Companies Auditors and Liquidators Disciplinary Board amendments            350

291........ Application of pre‑hearing conference amendments........................ 351

Part 19—Transitional provisions relating to the Corporations Legislation Amendment (Audit Enhancement) Act 2012                                                                              352

292........ Definitions...................................................................................... 352

293........ Amendments made by Part 1 of Schedule 2—final report on auditor independence functions 352

294........ Application of amendments made by Parts 2 and 3 of Schedule 2.. 352

Endnotes                                                                                                                                  353

Endnote 1—Legislation history                                                                           353

Endnote 2—Amendment history                                                                         362

Endnote 3—Uncommenced amendments [none]                                        379

Endnote 4—Misdescribed amendments [none]                                           380

 


An Act to provide for the Australian Securities and Investments Commission, a Corporations and Markets Advisory Committee and certain other bodies, and for other purposes

Part 1Preliminary

Division 1Objects

1  Objects

             (1)  The objects of this Act are:

                     (a)  to provide for the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) which will administer such laws of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory as confer functions and powers under those laws on ASIC; and

                     (b)  to provide for ASIC’s functions, powers and business; and

                     (c)  to establish a Corporations and Markets Advisory Committee to provide informed and expert advice to the Minister about the content, operation and administration of the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions), about corporations and about financial products and financial markets; and

                     (d)  to establish a Takeovers Panel, a Companies Auditors and Liquidators Disciplinary Board, a Financial Reporting Council, an Australian Accounting Standards Board, an Auditing and Assurance Standards Board and a Parliamentary Joint Committee on Corporations and Financial Services.

             (2)  In performing its functions and exercising its powers, ASIC must strive to:

                     (a)  maintain, facilitate and improve the performance of the financial system and the entities within that system in the interests of commercial certainty, reducing business costs, and the efficiency and development of the economy; and

                     (b)  promote the confident and informed participation of investors and consumers in the financial system; and

                     (d)  administer the laws that confer functions and powers on it effectively and with a minimum of procedural requirements; and

                     (e)  receive, process and store, efficiently and quickly, the information given to ASIC under the laws that confer functions and powers on it; and

                      (f)  ensure that information is available as soon as practicable for access by the public; and

                     (g)  take whatever action it can take, and is necessary, in order to enforce and give effect to the laws of the Commonwealth that confer functions and powers on it.

             (3)  This Act has effect, and is to be interpreted, accordingly.

Division 2Citation

1A  Short title

                   This Act may be cited as the Australian Securities and Investments Commission Act 2001.

Division 3Commencement and application

2  Commencement

                   This Act commences at the same time as the Corporations Act 2001.

4  Application of this Act

             (1)  This Act applies:

                     (a)  in this jurisdiction; and

                     (b)  in a State that is not a referring State (but only to the extent to which the application would be within the legislative powers of the Parliament (including powers it has under paragraphs 51(xxxvii) and (xxxix) of the Constitution)); and

                     (c)  in such external Territories (if any) as are prescribed.

             (2)  Without limiting paragraph (1)(c), if an external Territory is prescribed, regulations prescribing the external Territory may provide:

                     (a)  that only some of the provisions of this Act apply in the external Territory; and

                     (b)  that provisions that apply in the external Territory only apply in specified circumstances.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  an external Territory is prescribed; and

                     (b)  in a provision of this Act that applies (either generally or in particular circumstances) in the external Territory, there is:

                              (i)  a reference to “Australia” or “this jurisdiction”; or

                             (ii)  a reference to a term the definition of which includes a reference to “Australia” or “this jurisdiction”;

then, unless a contrary intention appears, the reference to “Australia” or “this jurisdiction” in that provision as so applying, or in that definition as applying for the purposes of that provision as so applying, includes a reference to that external Territory.

4A  Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code applies to all offences against this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

Division 4Interpretation

5  Interpretation

             (1)  In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:

AASB means the Australian Accounting Standards Board.

absent from office, in relation to a holder of an office, means:

                     (a)  absent from duty or from Australia; or

                     (b)  unable, for any reason, to perform the functions of the office.

accounting member of the Disciplinary Board has the meaning given by subsection 203(1A).

affairs, in relation to a body corporate, has the same meaning as in section 232 of the Corporations Act.

APRA means the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority.

ASIC means the Australian Securities and Investments Commission.

ASIC delegate means a person to whom, or a body to which, a function or power is delegated under section 102.

assist, in relation to an ASIC delegate, means:

                     (a)  to perform functions:

                              (i)  as a member, officer or employee of the ASIC delegate; and

                             (ii)  in connection with the ASIC delegate’s performance or exercise of a function or power delegated under section 102; or

                     (b)  to perform services for the ASIC delegate in connection with the ASIC delegate’s performance or exercise of a function or power delegated under section 102.

AUASB means the Auditing and Assurance Standards Board.

audit deficiency report has the meaning given by subsection 50C(1).

Australia has a meaning affected by subsection 4(3).

Australian auditor means:

                     (a)  an individual auditor; or

                     (b)  an audit firm; or

                     (c)  an audit company;

that is conducting, or that has conducted, audits undertaken for the purposes of the Australian Charities and Not‑for‑profits Commission Act 2012 or the Corporations Act and includes a registered company auditor who is participating in, or has participated in, audits of that kind.

books includes:

                     (a)  a register; and

                     (b)  financial reports or financial records, however compiled, recorded or stored; and

                     (c)  a document; and

                     (d)  banker’s books; and

                     (e)  any other record of information.

business member of the Disciplinary Board has the meaning given by subsection 203(1A).

CAMAC means the Corporations and Markets Advisory Committee.

Chairperson means:

                     (a)  except in Part 11 or in relation to the Disciplinary Board—the Chairperson of ASIC; and

                     (b)  in Part 11 or in relation to the Disciplinary Board—the Chairperson of the Disciplinary Board.

contravention, in relation to a law, includes an ancillary offence relating to an offence against that law.

Convenor means the Convenor of CAMAC.

Corporations Act means the Corporations Act 2001 and regulations made under that Act.

corporations legislation means:

                     (a)  this Act; and

                     (b)  the Corporations Act.

court, except in section 248, includes a tribunal having power to require the production of documents or the answering of questions.

CSC (short for Commonwealth Superannuation Corporation) has the same meaning as in the Governance of Australian Government Superannuation Schemes Act 2011.

Deputy Chairperson means the Deputy Chairperson of ASIC.

Disciplinary Board means the Companies Auditors and Liquidators Disciplinary Board.

eligible employee has the same meaning as in the Superannuation Act 1976.

eligible person, in relation to a person, means a person who:

                     (a)  if the first‑mentioned person is a body corporate—is or has been an officer of the body within the meaning of the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions); or

                     (b)  in any case:

                              (i)  is or has been an employee, agent, banker, solicitor or auditor of; or

                             (ii)  is acting, or has acted, in any other capacity on behalf of;

                            the first‑mentioned person.

engage in conduct:

                     (a)  in Division 2 of Part 2—has the meaning given by subsection 12BA(2); and

                     (b)  in the other provisions of this Act—means do an act or omit to do an act.

examination means an examination of a person pursuant to a requirement made under section 19.

excluded provisions means section 12A and Division 2 of Part 2.

expenses, in relation to an investigation under Division 1 of Part 3, includes costs and expenses incurred in relation to a proceeding begun under section 50 as a result of the investigation.

fail means refuse or fail.

financial product:

                     (a)  in Division 2 of Part 2—has the meaning given by section 12BAA; and

                     (b)  in the other provisions of this Act—has the same meaning as it has in Chapter 7 of the Corporations Act.

financial service:

                     (a)  in Division 2 of Part 2—has the meaning given by section 12BAB; and

                     (b)  in the other provisions of this Act—has the same meaning as it has in Chapter 7 of the Corporations Act.

foreign business law means:

                     (a)  a law of a foreign country that regulates, or relates to the regulation of, business or persons engaged in business; or

                     (b)  a law, or rules or regulations (however described), that an international business regulator administers or enforces.

foreign country includes:

                     (a)  a part of a foreign country; and

                     (b)  when used in a provision of this Act that does not apply (either generally or in particular circumstances) to a particular external Territory—that external Territory (but only to the extent that the provision does not apply in that external Territory).

FRC means the Financial Reporting Council.

give has:

                     (a)  in relation to a document—a meaning affected by section 86; and

                     (b)  in relation to information—a meaning affected by section 6.

hearing, in this section and Part 3, means a hearing before ASIC and, in sections 52, 54, 55 and 56, includes a part of such a hearing.

House means a House of the Parliament.

information has a meaning affected by section 6.

international accounting standards means accounting standards made by:

                     (a)  the International Accounting Standards Board; or

                     (b)  another body specified by the regulations.

international auditing standards means auditing standards made by:

                     (a)  the International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board; or

                     (b)  another body specified by the regulations.

international business regulator means a body that satisfies the following conditions:

                     (a)  the body has functions relating to the regulation, in 2 or more countries, of business, or persons engaged in business;

                     (b)  those functions are conferred on the body by:

                              (i)  a law or laws in force in those countries; or

                             (ii)  a treaty, or other international agreement, to which those countries are parties; or

                            (iii)  without limiting subparagraphs (i) and (ii)—a parliament or other body established by or under a treaty, or other international agreement, to which those countries are parties.

investigate, in relation to ASIC, means investigate in the course of performing or exercising any of ASIC’s functions and powers.

meeting means:

                     (a)  in Part 4—a meeting of ASIC;

                     (b)  in Part 9—a meeting of CAMAC;

                     (c)  in Part 11—a meeting of the Disciplinary Board.

member means:

                     (a)  except in Division 2 of Part 4, in Part 9, 10, 11, 12 or 14, or in relation to a Division, CAMAC, the Panel, the Disciplinary Board, the FRC, the AASB or the Parliamentary Committee—a member of ASIC; and

                     (b)  in Part 9 or in relation to CAMAC—a member of CAMAC; and

                     (c)  in Part 10 or in relation to the Panel—a member of the Panel; and

                     (d)  in Part 11 or in relation to the Disciplinary Board—the Chairperson or any other member of the Disciplinary Board; and

                     (e)  in relation to the FRC—a member of the FRC; and

                    (ea)  in relation to the AASB—a member of the AASB; and

                   (eb)  in relation to the AUASB—a member of the AUASB; and

                      (f)  in Part 14 or in relation to the Parliamentary Committee—a member of the Parliamentary Committee.

Office of the AASB means the Office of the Australian Accounting Standards Board.

Office of the AUASB means the Office of the Auditing and Assurance Standards Board.

officer means:

                     (a)  an officer within the meaning of the Corporations Act; or

                     (b)  a provisional liquidator.

Panel means the Takeovers Panel.

Panel of the Disciplinary Board means a Panel constituted by the Chairperson of the Disciplinary Board under section 210A to hear a particular matter.

Panel proceedings means proceedings before the Panel on:

                     (a)  an application made to the Panel under the Corporations Act; or

                     (b)  a reference of a decision to the Panel for review under the Corporations Act.

Parliamentary Committee means the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Corporations and Financial Services.

power includes an authority.

prescribed means prescribed by this Act or the regulations.

President means the President of the Panel.

proceeding means:

                     (a)  a proceeding in a court; or

                     (b)  a proceeding or hearing before, or an examination by or before, a tribunal;

whether the proceeding, hearing or examination is of a civil, administrative, criminal, disciplinary or other nature.

produce, except in Part 3, includes permit access to.

professional accounting body means a body prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this definition.

property means any legal or equitable estate or interest (whether present or future and whether vested or contingent) in real or personal property of any description and includes a thing in action and money.

record, in relation to an examination, means the whole or a part of a record made under section 24 of statements made at the examination.

regulations means regulations made under this Act.

report includes an interim report.

staff member means:

                     (a)  a member of the staff referred to in subsection 120(1) or a person employed under subsection 120(3); or

                     (b)  a person engaged under subsection 121(1); or

                     (c)  any of the officers, employees and persons who under section 122 are to assist ASIC.

statement, in relation to an examination, includes a question asked, an answer given, and any other comment or remark made, at the examination.

superannuation benefits includes:

                     (a)  benefits in the nature of superannuation benefits; and

                     (b)  benefits similar to benefits provided under the Superannuation Act 1976; and

                     (c)  benefits similar to the benefits provided under the Superannuation Act 1990.

Territory has the meaning given by the following paragraphs:

                     (a)  a reference in a provision of this Act to a Territory covers the Capital Territory and the Northern Territory;

                     (b)  if the reference is in a provision of this Act that applies (either generally or in particular circumstances) to a particular external Territory—the reference also covers that external Territory, but only to the extent that the provision applies in that external Territory;

                     (c)  if the reference is to a Territory in a geographical sense—the reference also covers, for each Territory that the reference covers because of paragraph (a) or (b), to the same extent that the reference covers the Territory, that Territory’s coastal sea.

this Act includes the regulations.

this jurisdiction means:

                     (a)  each referring State (including its coastal sea); and

                     (b)  the Capital Territory (including the coastal sea of the Jervis Bay Territory); and

                     (c)  the Northern Territory (including its coastal sea).

Its meaning is also affected by subsection 4(3) (relating to external Territories).

traditional trustee company services has the same meaning as in Chapter 5D of the Corporations Act.

tribunal means:

                     (a)  a tribunal in Australia; or

                     (b)  any other body, authority or person in Australia having power, by law or by consent of parties, to hear, receive or examine evidence.

trustee company has the same meaning as in Chapter 5D of the Corporations Act.

trust property, in relation to a trustee company, means property that is or was held by the trustee company as trustee.

witness:

                     (a)  in relation to a hearing before ASIC, means a person appearing at the hearing to give evidence; or

                     (b)  in relation to Panel proceedings, means a person appearing in the proceedings to give evidence.

written record, in relation to an examination, means:

                     (a)  a record of the examination:

                              (i)  that is made in writing; or

                             (ii)  as reduced to writing; or

                     (b)  a part of such a record.

             (2)  Unless the contrary intention appears:

                     (a)  an expression that:

                              (i)  is used, but not defined, in this Act; and

                             (ii)  is defined in section 761A of the Corporations Act (regardless of whether it is also defined in another section of that Act);

                            has the same meaning in this Act as in section 761A of the Corporations Act; and

                     (b)  an expression that:

                              (i)  is used, but not defined, in this Act; and

                             (ii)  is not defined in section 761A of the Corporations Act; and

                             (ii)  is used in the Corporations Act;

                            has the same meaning in this Act as in the Corporations Act.

             (3)  Except so far as the contrary intention appears in this Act, Parts 1.2 and 1.3 of the Corporations Act apply for the purposes of this Act as if the provisions of this Act were provisions of that Act.

5A  Application of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901

             (1)  Until the date of commencement of section 4 of the Legislative Instruments (Transitional and Consequential Amendments) Act 2003 (the Legislative Instruments commencement day), the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 as in force on 1 November 2000 applies to this Act.

             (2)  On and after the Legislative Instruments commencement day, the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 as in force on that day applies to this Act.

             (3)  Amendments of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 made after the Legislative Instruments commencement day do not apply to this Act.

6  Giving information

                   A reference in this Act to giving information includes a reference to:

                     (a)  explaining or stating a matter; or

                     (b)  identifying a person, matter or thing; or

                     (c)  disclosing information; or

                     (d)  answering a question.

Part 2Australian Securities and Investments Commission and consumer protection in relation to financial services

Division 1Australian Securities and Investments Commission

8  ASIC is a body corporate

             (1)  ASIC:

                     (a)  is a body corporate, with perpetual succession; and

                     (b)  has a common seal; and

                     (c)  may, subject to subsection (5), acquire, hold and dispose of real and personal property; and

                    (ca)  may enter into contracts; and

                     (d)  may sue and be sued in its corporate name.

Note:          ASIC was established by section 7 of the Australian Securities and Investments Commission Act 1989 and is continued in existence by section 261 of this Act.

             (2)  ASIC may enter into contracts in its own right.

Note:          The Chairperson of ASIC may also enter into contracts on behalf of the Commonwealth. See section 44 of the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997.

             (3)  Any real or personal property held by ASIC is held for and on behalf of the Commonwealth.

             (4)  Any money received by ASIC is received for and on behalf of the Commonwealth.

             (5)  ASIC cannot hold real or personal property or money on trust.

Note:          Any real or personal property or money that ASIC would otherwise hold on trust is held by the Commonwealth on trust.

             (6)  Despite any rule of equity, ASIC may, for and on behalf of the Commonwealth, perform all the duties and exercise all the powers of the Commonwealth as trustee in relation to any real or personal property or money held on trust by the Commonwealth.

             (7)  To avoid doubt, a right to sue is taken not to be personal property for the purposes of subsection (3).

8A  ASIC’s liabilities are Commonwealth liabilities

             (1)  Any financial liabilities of ASIC are taken to be liabilities of the Commonwealth.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section:

financial liability means a liability to pay a person an amount where the amount, or the method for working out the amount, has been determined.

9  Membership

             (1)  ASIC is to consist of not fewer than 3 nor more than 8 members.

             (2)  The Governor‑General appoints the members on the nomination of the Minister.

             (3)  At least 3 of the members must be appointed as full‑time members and each of the remaining members (if any) may be appointed as a full‑time member or as a part‑time member.

             (4)  The Minister is to nominate a person as a member only if the Minister is satisfied that the person is qualified for appointment by virtue of his or her knowledge of, or experience in, one or more of the following fields, namely:

                     (a)  business;

                     (b)  administration of companies;

                     (c)  financial markets;

                     (d)  financial products and financial services;

                     (e)  law;

                      (f)  economics;

                     (g)  accounting.

             (5)  The performance of ASIC’s functions or the exercise of ASIC’s powers is not affected by reason only that the number of members, or the number of full‑time members, is less than 3 unless a continuous period of 3 months has elapsed since the number of members, or the number of full‑time members, as the case may be, fell below 3.

             (6)  For the purposes of subsection (5), an acting member is taken to be a member.

10  Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson

                   The Governor‑General is to appoint as Chairperson of ASIC a person who is, or is to be, a full‑time member and may appoint as Deputy Chairperson of ASIC a person (other than the Chairperson) who is, or is to be, a full‑time member.

Note:          For the manner in which the Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson may be referred to, see section 18B of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

10A  Chairperson not subject to direction by ASIC on certain matters

                   The Chairperson of ASIC is not subject to direction by ASIC in relation to the Chairperson’s performance of functions, or exercise of powers, under:

                     (a)  the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997; or

                     (b)  the Public Service Act 1999;

in relation to ASIC.

11  Corporations legislation functions and powers and other functions and powers

             (1)  ASIC has such functions and powers as are conferred on it by or under the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions).

             (2)  ASIC also has the following functions:

                     (a)  to provide such staff and support facilities to the Panel, the Disciplinary Board and the Review Board as are necessary or desirable for the performance and exercise by the Panel, the Disciplinary Board and the Review Board of their respective functions and powers;

                     (b)  to advise the Minister about any changes to the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions) that, in ASIC’s opinion, are needed to overcome, or would assist in overcoming, any problems that ASIC has encountered in the course of performing or exercising any of its functions and powers.

             (3)  ASIC may, on its own initiative or when requested by the Minister, advise the Minister, and make to the Minister such recommendations as it thinks fit, about any matter of a kind referred to in section 148.

             (4)  ASIC has power to do whatever is necessary for or in connection with, or reasonably incidental to, the performance of its functions.

             (6)  Subject to this Act, ASIC has the general administration of this Act.

             (8)  ASIC may, with the consent of the Minister, enter into an agreement or arrangement with a State or Territory for the performance of functions or the exercise of powers by ASIC as an agent of the State or Territory.

             (9)  ASIC has such functions and powers as are referred to in such an agreement or arrangement. However, ASIC is not under a duty to perform such functions or exercise such powers.

          (9A)  ASIC may have functions or powers conferred on it by or under a law of a State or Territory if:

                     (a)  that law provides for, or relates to, the repeal, amendment or termination (however described) of the operation of, any of the replaced legislation within the meaning of item 22 of Schedule 8 to the Financial Sector Reform (Amendments and Transitional Provisions) Act (No. 1) 1999; and

                     (b)  the conferral of the powers or functions is in accordance with:

                              (i)  provisions of an agreement entered into by the Commonwealth and the State or Territory, being provisions approved by the Minister for the purposes of this subsection; or

                             (ii)  an approval given by the Minister for the purposes of this subsection.

ASIC has the functions and powers so conferred by that law. However, ASIC is not under a duty to perform such functions or exercise such powers.

           (10)  ASIC may, with the written consent of the Minister, enter into an agreement or arrangement with a regulatory body of a foreign country under which ASIC undertakes to assist that regulatory body to ascertain whether Australian auditors comply with audit requirements that are:

                     (a)  imposed by or under laws of that foreign country; or

                     (b)  adopted as professional standards in that foreign country.

           (11)  The Minister may, in writing, vary or revoke the Minister’s consent mentioned in subsection (10).

           (12)  If ASIC enters into an agreement or arrangement with a regulatory body under subsection (10), it must, as soon as practicable after entering into that agreement or arrangement, by notice published in the Gazette:

                     (a)  set out the identifying particulars of the regulatory body; and

                     (b)  give brief particulars of the agreement or arrangement entered into; and

                     (c)  identify the audit requirements to which the agreement or arrangement relates.

           (13)  A notice published under subsection (12) is not a legislative instrument.

           (14)  ASIC has the following functions:

                     (a)  to assist a regulatory body with which it has entered into an agreement or arrangement under subsection (10) to examine the policies and working practices of an Australian auditor, so as to help the regulatory body to ascertain compliance with audit requirements to which the agreement or arrangement relates;

                     (b)  to disclose to a regulatory body with which it has entered into an agreement or arrangement under subsection (10) the information that ASIC has obtained in assisting in such an examination.

           (15)  In performing the function referred to in paragraph (14)(a), ASIC may examine policies and working practices of an auditor in general or in their application to particular audits or in both of those respects.

           (16)  ASIC is not under a duty to perform a function referred to in subsection (14) or to exercise a power in relation to such a function.

           (17)  ASIC is not subject to any directions of the Minister in relation to:

                     (a)  entering into an agreement or arrangement under subsection (8) or (10); or

                     (b)  performing functions or exercising powers referred to in subsection (9); or

                     (c)  performing functions conferred under subsection (9A) or (14) or exercising any related powers.

12  Directions by Minister

             (1)  The Minister may give ASIC a written direction about policies it should pursue, or priorities it should follow, in performing or exercising any of its functions or powers under the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions).

             (2)  The Minister must not give a direction under subsection (1) unless he or she has:

                     (a)  notified ASIC in writing that he or she is considering giving the direction; and

                     (b)  given the Chairperson an adequate opportunity to discuss with the Minister the need for the proposed direction.

             (3)  The Minister must not give a direction under subsection (1) about a particular case.

             (4)  ASIC must comply with a direction under subsection (1).

             (5)  The Minister must cause a copy of an instrument under subsection (1):

                     (a)  to be published in the Gazette within 21 days after the instrument is made; and

                     (b)  to be laid before each House of the Parliament within 15 sitting days of that House after the publication;

but failure of the Minister to do so does not affect the instrument’s validity.

12A  Other functions and powers

             (1)  ASIC has the functions and powers that are conferred on it by or under Division 2 of Part 2 of this Act and by or under the following Acts:

                     (c)  the Insurance Contracts Act 1984;

                     (d)  the Superannuation (Resolution of Complaints) Act 1993;

                     (e)  the Life Insurance Act 1995;

                      (f)  the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997;

                     (g)  the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993;

                     (h)  the First Home Saver Accounts Act 2008;

                      (i)  the National Consumer Credit Protection Act 2009;

                      (j)  the National Consumer Credit Protection (Transitional and Consequential Provisions) Act 2009;

                     (k)  the Business Names Registration Act 2011;

                      (l)  the Business Names Registration (Transitional and Consequential Provisions) Act 2011.

             (2)  ASIC has the function of monitoring and promoting market integrity and consumer protection in relation to the Australian financial system.

             (3)  ASIC has the function of monitoring and promoting market integrity and consumer protection in relation to the payments system by:

                     (a)  promoting the adoption of approved industry standards and codes of practice; and

                     (b)  promoting the protection of consumer interests; and

                     (c)  promoting community awareness of payments system issues; and

                     (d)  promoting sound customer‑banker relationships, including through:

                              (i)  monitoring the operation of industry standards and codes of practice; and

                             (ii)  monitoring compliance with such standards and codes.

             (4)  Subsections (2) and (3) confer functions and powers to the extent to which they are not in excess of the legislative power of the Commonwealth.

             (5)  ASIC may:

                     (a)  advise the Minister about any changes to a law listed in subsection (1) that ASIC thinks are needed to help overcome any problems that ASIC has encountered in the course of performing its functions or exercising any of its powers under that law; and

                     (b)  advise the Minister and make such recommendations as it thinks fit about any matter relating to its functions in subsections (2) and (3).

             (6)  ASIC has power to do whatever is necessary for or in connection with, or reasonably incidental to, the performance of its functions.

Division 2Unconscionable conduct and consumer protection in relation to financial
services

Subdivision AApplication

12AC  Division extends to some conduct outside Australia

             (1)  This Division extends to the engaging in conduct outside Australia by:

                     (a)  bodies corporate incorporated or carrying on business within Australia; or

                     (b)  Australian citizens; or

                     (c)  persons ordinarily resident within Australia.

             (2)  If a claim under section 12GF is made in a proceeding, a person may rely at a hearing in respect of that proceeding on conduct to which a provision of this Division extends because of subsection (1) of this section only if the Minister consents in writing to the reliance.

             (3)  A person other than the Minister or ASIC may apply to the Court for an order under subsection 12GM(1) or (2) in a proceeding in respect of conduct to which a provision of this Division extends because of subsection (1) of this section only if the Minister consents in writing to the application.

             (4)  The Minister must give a consent under subsection (2) or (3) in respect of a proceeding unless, in the Minister’s opinion:

                     (a)  the law of the country in which the conduct concerned was engaged in required or specifically authorised the engaging in of the conduct; and

                     (b)  it is not in the national interest to give the consent.

12AD  Application of Division to Commonwealth and Commonwealth authorities

             (1)  Subject to this section, this Division binds the Crown in right of the Commonwealth in so far as the Crown in right of the Commonwealth carries on a business, either directly or by an authority of the Commonwealth.

             (3)  Nothing in this Division makes the Crown in right of the Commonwealth liable to a pecuniary penalty or to be prosecuted for an offence.

             (4)  The protection in subsection (3) does not apply to an authority of the Commonwealth.

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, the following transactions do not amount to carrying on a business:

                     (a)  a transaction involving only persons who are all acting for the Crown in right of the Commonwealth (and none of whom is an authority of the Commonwealth);

                     (b)  a transaction involving only persons who are all acting for the same authority of the Commonwealth;

                     (c)  a transaction involving only the Crown in right of the Commonwealth and one or more non‑commercial authorities of the Commonwealth;

                     (d)  a transaction involving only non‑commercial authorities of the Commonwealth.

             (6)  Subsection (5) does not limit the things that do not amount to carrying on a business for the purposes of this section.

             (7)  For the purposes of this section, an authority of the Commonwealth is non‑commercial if:

                     (a)  it is constituted by only one person; and

                     (b)  it is neither a trading corporation nor a financial corporation.

12AE  Saving of other laws and remedies

             (1)  Except as provided by subsection (2), Subdivision BA (sections 12BF to 12BM), Subdivision C (sections 12CA to 12CC), Subdivision D (sections 12DA to 12DN) and Subdivision E (sections 12EA to 12ED) are not intended to exclude or limit the concurrent operation of any law of a State or Territory.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  an act or omission of a person is both an offence against section 12GB and an offence under the law of a State or Territory; and

                     (b)  the person is convicted of either of those offences;

the person is not liable to be convicted of the other of those offences.

             (3)  Except as expressly provided by Subdivision BA (sections 12BF to 12BM), Subdivision C (sections 12CA to 12CC), Subdivision D (sections 12DA to 12DN) or Subdivision E (sections 12EA to 12ED), nothing in those Subdivisions is taken to limit, restrict or otherwise affect any right or remedy a person would have had if that Subdivision had not been enacted.

             (4)  This Division does not affect the operation of:

                     (a)  the law relating to restraint of trade in so far as that law is capable of operating concurrently with this Division; or

                     (b)  the law relating to breaches of confidence;

but nothing in the law referred to in paragraph (a) or (b) affects the interpretation of this Division.

Subdivision BInterpretation

12BA  Interpretation

             (1)  In this Division, unless the contrary intention appears:

acquire, in relation to services, includes accept.

acquisition of services has the meaning given by section 12BD.

assert a right to payment has the meaning given by section 12BEA.

authority, in relation to a State or Territory (including an external Territory), means:

                     (a)  a body corporate established for a purpose of the State or the Territory by or under a law of the State or Territory; or

                     (b)  an incorporated company in which the State or the Territory, or a body corporate referred to in paragraph (a), has a controlling interest.

authority of the Commonwealth means:

                     (a)  a body corporate established for a purpose of the Commonwealth by or under a law of the Commonwealth or a law of a Territory; or

                     (b)  an incorporated company in which the Commonwealth, or a body corporate referred to in paragraph (a), has a controlling interest.

business includes a business not carried on for profit.

conduct has the meaning given by subsection (2).

consumer has the meaning given by section 12BC.

consumer contract has the meaning given by subsection 12BF(3).

contract has the meaning given by section 12BE.

covenant means a covenant (including a promise not under seal) annexed to or running with an estate or interest in land (whether at law or in equity and whether or not for the benefit of other land) and proposed covenant has a corresponding meaning.

enforcement proceeding means a proceeding instituted under Subdivision G of Division 2 of Part 2 (other than section 12GNB).

engage in conduct has the meaning given by subsection (2).

Family Court Judge means a Judge of the Family Court (including the Chief Judge, the Deputy Chief Judge, a Judge Administrator or a Senior Judge).

financial corporation:

                     (a)  means a financial corporation within the meaning of paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution; and

                     (b)  includes a body corporate that carries on as its sole or principal business the business of:

                              (i)  banking (other than State banking not extending beyond the limits of the State concerned); or

                             (ii)  insurance (other than State insurance not extending beyond the limits of the State concerned).

financial product has the meaning given by section 12BAA.

financial service has the meaning given by section 12BAB.

infringement notice means an infringement notice issued under section 12GXA.

infringement notice compliance period for an infringement notice has the meaning given by section 12GXF.

infringement notice provision means a provision of Subdivision C, D or GC (other than section 12DA, section 12DE, subsection 12DG(1) or section 12DI or 12DM).

misleading includes the meaning given by section 12BB.

non‑party consumer means:

                     (a)  in relation to conduct referred to in subparagraph 12GNB(1)(a)(i)—a person who is not, or has not been, a party to an enforcement proceeding in relation to the conduct; and

                     (b)  in relation to a term of a consumer contract referred to in subparagraph 12GNB(1)(a)(ii)—a person who is not, or has not been, a party to an enforcement proceeding in relation to the term.

price includes a charge of any description.

provision, in relation to an understanding, means any matter forming part of the understanding.

rely on, in relation to a term of a consumer contract, includes the following:

                     (a)  attempt to enforce the term;

                     (b)  attempt to exercise a right conferred, or purportedly conferred, by the term;

                     (c)  assert the existence of a right conferred, or purportedly conferred, by the term.

re‑supply of services has the meaning given by section 12BD.

send includes deliver, and sent and sender have corresponding meanings.

services includes any rights (including rights in relation to, and interests in, real or personal property), benefits, privileges or facilities that are, or are to be, provided, granted or conferred in trade or commerce but does not include:

                     (a)  the supply of goods within the meaning of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010; or

                     (b)  the performance of work under a contract of service.

substantiation notice means a notice under section 12GY.

substantiation notice compliance period for a substantiation notice has the meaning given by subsection 12GYB(2).

supply:

                     (a)  includes provide, grant or confer when used as a verb in relation to services; and

                     (b)  has a corresponding meaning when used as a noun;

and supplied and supplier have corresponding meanings.

supply of services has the meaning given by section 12BD.

the Court or the Federal Court means the Federal Court of Australia.

trade or commerce means trade or commerce within Australia or between Australia and places outside Australia.

trading corporation means a trading corporation within the meaning of paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution.

transparent, in relation to a term of a consumer contract, has the meaning given by subsection 12BG(3).

unfair, in relation to a term of a consumer contract, has the meaning given by subsection 12BG(1).

unsolicited financial products means financial products supplied to a person without any request made by the person or on the person’s behalf.

unsolicited financial services means financial services supplied to a person without any request made by the person or on the person’s behalf.

upfront price has the meaning given by subsection 12BI(2).

             (2)  In this Division:

                     (a)  a reference to engaging in conduct is a reference to doing or refusing to do any act, including:

                              (i)  making, or giving effect to a provision of, a contract or arrangement; or

                             (ii)  arriving at, or giving effect to a provision of, an understanding; or

                            (iii)  requiring the giving of, or giving, a covenant; and

                     (b)  a reference to conduct, when that expression is used as a noun otherwise than as mentioned in paragraph (a), is a reference to doing or refusing to do any act, including:

                              (i)  making, or giving effect to a provision of, a contract or arrangement; or

                             (ii)  arriving at, or giving effect to a provision of, an understanding; or

                            (iii)  requiring the giving of, or giving, a covenant; and

                     (c)  a reference to refusing to do an act includes a reference to:

                              (i)  refraining (otherwise than inadvertently) from doing that act; or

                             (ii)  making it known that that act will not be done; and

                     (d)  a reference to a person offering to do an act, or to do an act on a particular condition, includes a reference to the person making it known that the person will accept applications, offers or proposals for the person to do that act or to do that act on that condition, as the case may be.

12BAA  Definition of financial product

General definition of financial product

             (1)  Subject to subsection (8), for the purposes of this Division, a financial product is a facility through which, or through the acquisition of which, a person does one or more of the following:

                     (a)  makes a financial investment (see subsection (4));

                     (b)  manages financial risk (see subsection (5));

                     (c)  makes non‑cash payments (see subsection (6)).

             (2)  Subject to subsection (8), for the purposes of this Division, a particular facility that is of a kind through which people commonly make financial investments, manage financial risks or make non‑cash payments is a financial product even if that facility is acquired by a particular person for some other purpose.

             (3)  A facility does not cease to be a financial product merely because:

                     (a)  the facility has been acquired by a person other than the person to whom it was originally issued; and

                     (b)  that person, in acquiring the product, was not making a financial investment or managing a financial risk.

Meaning of makes a financial investment

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, a person (the investor) makes a financial investment if:

                     (a)  the investor gives money or money’s worth (the contribution) to another person and any of the following apply:

                              (i)  the other person uses the contribution to generate a financial return, or other benefit, for the investor;

                             (ii)  the investor intends that the other person will use the contribution to generate a financial return, or other benefit, for the investor (even if no return or benefit is in fact generated);

                            (iii)  the other person intends that the contribution will be used to generate a financial return, or other benefit, for the investor; and

                     (b)  the investor has no day‑to‑day control over the use of the contribution to generate the return or benefit.

Note 1:       Examples of actions that constitute making a financial investment under this subsection are:

(a)    a person paying money to a company for the issue to the person of shares in the company (the company uses the money to generate dividends for the person and the person, as a shareholder, does not have control over the day‑to‑day affairs of the company); or

(b)    a person contributing money to acquire interests in a registered scheme from the responsible entity of the scheme (the scheme uses the money to generate financial or other benefits for the person and the person, as a member of the scheme, does not have day‑to‑day control over the operation of the scheme).

Note 2:       Examples of actions that do not constitute making a financial investment under this subsection are:

(a)    a person purchasing real property or bullion (while the property or bullion may generate a return for the person, it is not a return generated by the use of the purchase money by another person); or

(b)    a person giving money to a financial services licensee who is to use it to purchase shares for the person (while the purchase of the shares will be a financial investment made by the person, the mere act of giving the money to the licensee will not of itself constitute making a financial investment).

Meaning of manages a financial risk

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, a person manages financial risk if they:

                     (a)  manage the financial consequences to them of particular circumstances happening; or

                     (b)  avoid or limit the financial consequences of fluctuations in, or in the value of, receipts or costs (including prices and interest rates).

Note 1:       Examples of actions that constitute managing a financial risk are:

(a)    taking out insurance; or

(b)    hedging a liability by acquiring a futures contract or entering into a currency swap.

Note 2:       An example of an action that does not constitute managing a financial risk is employing a security firm (while that is a way of managing the risk that thefts will happen, it is not a way of managing the financial consequences if thefts do occur).

Meaning of makes non‑cash payments

             (6)  For the purposes of this section, a person makes non‑cash payments if they make payments, or cause payments to be made, otherwise than by the physical delivery of Australian currency in the form of notes and/or coins.

Note:          Examples of actions that constitute making non‑cash payments are:

(a)    making payments by means of a facility for direct debit of a deposit account; or

(b)    making payments by means of a facility for the use of cheques; or

(c)    making payments by means of a purchased payment facility within the meaning of the Payment Systems (Regulation) Act 1998, such as a smart card; or

(d)    making payments by means of traveller’s cheques in Australian currency.

Specific things that are financial products (subject to subsection (8))

             (7)  Subject to subsection (8), the following are financial products for the purposes of this Division:

                     (a)  a security;

                     (b)  any of the following in relation to a managed investment scheme:

                              (i)  an interest in the scheme;

                             (ii)  a legal or equitable right or interest in an interest covered by subparagraph (i);

                            (iii)  an option to acquire, by way of issue, an interest or right covered by subparagraph (i) or (ii);

                     (c)  a derivative;

                     (d)  a contract of insurance (see subsection (9)) other than:

                              (i)  health insurance provided as part of a health insurance business (as defined by Division 121 of the Private Health Insurance Act 2007); or

                             (ii)  insurance provided as part of a health‑related business (as defined by section 131‑15 of that Act) that is conducted through a health benefits fund (as defined by section 131‑10 of that Act);

                     (e)  a life policy, or a sinking fund policy, within the meaning of the Life Insurance Act 1995, that is not a contract of insurance (see subsection (9));

                      (f)  a beneficial interest in a superannuation fund (as defined by section 10 of the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993);

                     (g)  an RSA (retirement savings account) within the meaning of the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997;

                    (ga)  an FHSA (first home saver account) within the meaning of the First Home Saver Accounts Act 2008;

                     (h)  any deposit‑taking facility made available by an ADI (within the meaning of the Banking Act 1959) in the course of its banking business (within the meaning of that Act), other than an RSA (RSAs are covered by paragraph (g));

                      (i)  a debenture, stock or bond issued or proposed to be issued by a government;

                      (j)  a foreign exchange contract;

                     (k)  a credit facility (within the meaning of the regulations);

                   (ka)  a carbon unit;

                      (l)  an Australian carbon credit unit;

                    (la)  an eligible international emissions unit;

                    (m)  anything declared by the regulations to be a financial product for the purposes of this subsection.

Note:          Even though something is expressly excluded from one of these paragraphs, it may still be a financial product (subject to subsection (8)) either because:

(a)    it is covered by another of these paragraphs; or

(b)    it is covered by the general definition in subsection (1).

Specific things that are not financial products

             (8)  Despite anything else in this section, the following are not financial products for the purposes of this Division:

                     (a)  an excluded security;

                     (b)  health insurance provided as part of a health insurance business (as defined in Division 121 of the Private Health Insurance Act 2007);

                   (ba)  insurance provided as part of a health‑related business (as defined by section 131‑15 of that Act) that is conducted through a health benefits fund (as defined by section 131‑10 of that Act);

                     (c)  State insurance or Northern Territory insurance, including insurance entered into by:

                              (i)  a State or the Northern Territory; and

                             (ii)  some other insurer;

                            as joint insurers;

                     (d)  a facility:

                              (i)  that is an approved RTGS system for the purposes of the Payment Systems and Netting Act 1998; or

                             (ii)  for the transmission and reconciliation of non‑cash payments (see subsection (6)), and the establishment of final positions, for settlement through an approved RTGS system within the meaning of the Payment Systems and Netting Act 1998;

                     (e)  a facility that is a designated payment system for the purposes of the Payment Systems (Regulation) Act 1998;

                      (f)  a facility for the exchange and settlement of non‑cash payments (see subsection (6)) between providers of non‑cash payment facilities;

                     (g)  a facility that is:

                              (i)  a financial market; or

                             (ii)  a clearing and settlement facility; or

                            (iii)  a payment system operated as part of a clearing and settlement facility; or

                            (iv)  a derivative trade repository;

                     (h)  so much of an arrangement as is not a derivative within the meaning of the Corporations Act because of paragraph 761D(3)(a) of that Act;

                      (i)  an arrangement that is not a derivative within the meaning of the Corporations Act because of paragraph 761D(3)(b) of that Act;

                      (j)  an arrangement that is not a derivative within the meaning of the Corporations Act because of subsection 761D(4) of that Act;

                     (k)  any of the following:

                              (i)  an interest in something that is not a managed investment scheme within the meaning of the Corporations Act because of paragraph (c), (e), (f), (k), (l) or (m) of the definition of managed investment scheme in section 9 of that Act;

                             (ii)  a legal or equitable right or interest in an interest covered by subparagraph (i);

                            (iii)  an option to acquire, by way of issue, an interest or right covered by subparagraph (i);

                    (m)  a deposit‑taking facility that is used for State banking;

                     (n)  equipment or infrastructure by which something else that is a financial product is provided;

                     (o)  a funeral benefit;

                     (p)  a facility, interest or other thing declared by regulations made for the purposes of this subsection not to be a financial product.

             (9)  For the purpose of paragraphs (7)(d) and (e), contract of insurance includes:

                     (a)  a contract that would ordinarily be regarded as a contract of insurance even if some of its provisions are not by way of insurance; and

                     (b)  a contract that includes provisions of insurance in so far as those provisions are concerned, even if the contract would not ordinarily be regarded as a contract of insurance.

12BAB  Meaning of financial service

When does a person provide a financial service?

             (1)  For the purposes of this Division, subject to paragraph (2)(b), a person provides a financial service if they:

                     (a)  provide financial product advice (see subsection (5)); or

                     (b)  deal in a financial product (see subsection (7)); or

                     (c)  make a market for a financial product (see subsection (11)); or

                     (d)  operate a registered scheme; or

                     (e)  provide a custodial or depository service (see subsection (12)); or

                      (f)  operate a financial market (see subsection (15)) or clearing and settlement facility (see subsection (17)); or

                     (g)  provide a service (not being the operation of a derivative trade repository) that is otherwise supplied in relation to a financial product (other than a carbon unit, an Australian carbon credit unit or an eligible international emissions unit); or

                     (h)  engage in conduct of a kind prescribed in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

          (1A)  Subject to paragraph (2)(b), the provision by a trustee company of a traditional trustee company service constitutes the provision, by the company, of a financial service for the purposes of this Division.

Note:          Trustee companies may also provide other kinds of financial service mentioned in subsection (1).

          (1B)  The regulations may, in relation to a traditional trustee company service of a particular class, prescribe the person or persons to whom a service of that class is taken to be provided or supplied for the purposes of this Division. This subsection does not limit (and is not limited by) subsection (2).

             (2)  The regulations may set out:

                     (a)  the circumstances in which persons facilitating the provision of a financial service (for example, by publishing information) are taken also to provide that service; or

                     (b)  the circumstances in which persons are taken to provide, or are taken not to provide, a financial service.

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, a person is not operating a registered scheme merely because:

                     (a)  they are acting as an agent or employee of another person; or

                     (b)  they are taking steps to wind up the scheme.

Meaning of financial product advice

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, financial product advice means a recommendation or a statement of opinion, or a report of either of those things, that:

                     (a)  is intended to influence a person or persons in making a decision in relation to a particular financial product or class of financial products, or an interest in a particular financial product or class of financial products; or

                     (b)  could reasonably be regarded as being intended to have such an influence;

but does not include anything in:

                     (c)  a document prepared in accordance with requirements of Chapter 7 of the Corporations Act, other than a document of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph; or

                     (d)  any other document of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

             (6)  Advice given by a lawyer in his or her professional capacity about matters of law, legal interpretation or the application of the law to any facts is not financial product advice.

Meaning of dealing

             (7)  For the purposes of this section, the following conduct constitutes dealing in a financial product:

                     (a)  applying for or acquiring a financial product;

                     (b)  issuing a financial product;

                     (c)  in relation to securities or managed investment interests—underwriting the securities or interests;

                     (d)  varying a financial product;

                     (e)  disposing of a financial product.

             (8)  Arranging for a person to engage in conduct referred to in subsection (7) is also dealing in a financial product, unless the actions concerned amount to providing financial product advice.

             (9)  A person is taken not to deal in a financial product if the person deals in the product on their own behalf, unless:

                     (a)  the person is an issuer of financial products; and

                     (b)  the dealing is in relation to one or more of those products.

           (10)  The regulations may prescribe conduct that is taken to be, or not to be, dealing in a financial product. Regulations made for the purposes of this subsection have effect despite anything else in this section.

Meaning of makes a market for a financial product

           (11)  For the purposes of this section, a person makes a market for a financial product if:

                     (a)  either through a facility, at a place or otherwise, the person regularly states the prices at which they propose to acquire or dispose of financial products on their own behalf; and

                     (b)  other persons have a reasonable expectation that they will be able to regularly effect transactions at the stated prices; and

                     (c)  the actions of the person do not, or would not if they happened through a facility or at a place, constitute operating a financial market because of the effect of paragraph (16)(a).

Meaning of provide a custodial or depository service

           (12)  For the purposes of this section, a person (the provider) provides a custodial or depository service to another person (the client) if, under an arrangement between the provider and the client, or between the provider and another person with whom the client has an arrangement, (whether or not there are also other parties to any such arrangement), a financial product, or a beneficial interest in a financial product, is held by the provider in trust for, or on behalf of, the client or another person nominated by the client.

           (14)  However, the following conduct does not constitute providing a custodial or depository service:

                     (a)  the operation of a clearing and settlement facility;

                     (b)  the operation of a registered scheme, or the holding of the assets of a registered scheme;

                     (c)  the operation of a regulated superannuation fund, an approved deposit fund or a pooled superannuation trust (within the meaning of the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993);

                     (d)  the provision of services to a related body corporate;

                     (e)  any other conduct of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Meaning of financial market

           (15)  For the purposes of this section, a financial market is a facility through which:

                     (a)  offers to acquire or dispose of financial products are regularly made or accepted; or

                     (b)  offers or invitations are regularly made to acquire or dispose of financial products that are intended to result or may reasonably be expected to result, directly or indirectly, in:

                              (i)  the making of offers to acquire or dispose of financial products; or

                             (ii)  the acceptance of such offers.

           (16)  However, the following conduct does not constitute operating a financial market for the purposes of this section:

                     (a)  a person making or accepting offers or invitations to acquire or dispose of financial products on the person’s own behalf, or on behalf of one party to the transaction only;

                     (b)  conducting treasury operations between related bodies corporate;

                     (c)  conducting an auction of forfeited shares;

                     (d)  any other conduct of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Meaning of clearing and settlement facility

           (17)  For the purposes of this section, a clearing and settlement facility is a facility that provides a regular mechanism for the parties to transactions relating to financial products to meet obligations to each other that:

                     (a)  arise from entering into the transactions; and

                     (b)  are of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

           (18)  However, the following conduct does not constitute operating a clearing and settlement facility for the purposes of this section:

                     (a)  an ADI (within the meaning of the Banking Act 1959) acting in the ordinary course of its banking business;

                     (b)  a person acting on their own behalf, or on behalf of one party to a transaction only;

                     (c)  a person who provides financial services to another person dealing with the other person’s accounts in the ordinary course of the first person’s business activities;

                     (d)  the actions of a participant in a clearing and settlement facility who has taken on the delivery or payment obligations, in relation to a particular financial product, of another person who is a party to a transaction relating to a financial product;

                     (e)  conducting treasury operations between related bodies corporate;

                     (h)  operating a facility for the exchange and settlement of non‑cash payments between providers of non‑cash payment facilities;

                      (i)  any other conduct of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

12BB  Misleading representations with respect to future matters

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person makes a representation with respect to any future matter (including the doing of, or the refusing to do, any act); and

                     (b)  the person does not have reasonable grounds for making the representation;

the representation is taken, for the purposes of Subdivision D (sections 12DA to 12DN), to be misleading.

             (2)  For the purposes of applying subsection (1) in relation to a proceeding concerning a representation made with respect to a future matter by:

                     (a)  a party to the proceeding; or

                     (b)  any other person;

the party or other person is taken not to have had reasonable grounds for making the representation, unless evidence is adduced to the contrary.

             (3)  To avoid doubt, subsection (2) does not:

                     (a)  have the effect that, merely because such evidence to the contrary is adduced, the person who made the representation is taken to have had reasonable grounds for making the representation; or

                     (b)  have the effect of placing on any person an onus of proving that the person who made the representation had reasonable grounds for making the representation.

             (4)  Subsection (1) does not by implication limit the meaning of a reference in this Division to:

                     (a)  a misleading representation; or

                     (b)  a representation that is misleading in a material particular; or

                     (c)  conduct that is misleading or is likely or liable to mislead;

and, in particular, does not imply that a representation that a person makes with respect to any future matter is not misleading merely because the person has reasonable grounds for making the representation.

12BC  Consumers

             (1)  For the purposes of this Division, unless the contrary intention appears, a person is taken to have acquired particular financial services as a consumer if, and only if:

                     (a)  the price of the services did not exceed the prescribed amount; or

                     (b)  if the price of the services exceeded the prescribed amount—the services were of a kind ordinarily acquired for personal, domestic or household use or consumption; or

                     (c)  if the services were acquired for use or consumption in connection with a small business (see subsection (2)) and the price of the services exceeded the prescribed amount—the services were of a kind ordinarily acquired for business use or consumption.

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1):

small business means a business employing less than:

                     (a)  if the business is or includes the manufacture of goods—100 people; or

                     (b)  otherwise—20 people.

             (3)  For the purposes of subsection (1):

                     (a)  the prescribed amount is:

                              (i)  $40,000; or

                             (ii)  if a greater amount is prescribed for the purposes of this paragraph—that greater amount; and

                     (b)  subject to paragraph (c), the price of services purchased by a person is taken to have been the amount paid or payable by the person for the services; and

                     (c)  if a person purchased services together with other property or services, or with both other property and services, and a specified price was not allocated to the services in the contract under which they were purchased, the price of the services is taken to have been:

                              (i)  the price at which, at the time of the acquisition, the person could have purchased the services from the supplier without the other property or services; or

                             (ii)  if, at the time of the acquisition, the services were only available for purchase from the supplier together with the other property or services but, at that time, services of the kind acquired were available for purchase from another supplier without other property or services—the lowest price at which the person could, at that time, reasonably have purchased services of that kind from another supplier; or

                            (iii)  if, at the time of the acquisition, services of the kind acquired were not available for purchase from any supplier except together with other property or services—the value of the services at that time; and

                     (d)  if a person acquired services otherwise than by way of purchase, the price of the services is taken to have been:

                              (i)  the price at which, at the time of the acquisition, the person could have purchased the services from the supplier; or

                             (ii)  if, at the time of the acquisition, the services were not available for purchase from the supplier, or were available only together with other property or services, but, at that time, services of the kind acquired were available for purchase from another supplier—the lowest price at which the person could, at that time, reasonably have purchased services of that kind from another supplier; or

                            (iii)  if services of the kind acquired were not available, at the time of the acquisition, for purchase from any supplier, or were not available except together with other property or services—the value of the services at that time; and

                     (e)  without limiting by implication the meaning of the expression services in subsection 12BA(1), the obtaining of credit by a person in connection with the person’s acquisition of services is taken to be the acquisition by the person of a service and any amount by which the amount paid or payable by the person for the services is increased by reason of the person’s so obtaining credit is taken to be paid or payable by the person for that service.

             (4)  If it is alleged in a proceeding under this Division, or in any other proceeding in respect of a matter arising under this Division, that a person was a consumer in relation to particular services, it is presumed that the person was a consumer in relation to those services unless the contrary is established.

12BD  Acquisition, supply and re‑supply

                   In this Division, unless the contrary intention appears:

                     (a)  a reference to the supply or acquisition of services includes a reference to agreeing to supply or acquire services; and

                     (b)  a reference to the supply or acquisition of services includes a reference to the supply or acquisition of services together with property or other services, or both; and

                     (c)  a reference to the re‑supply of services (the original services) acquired from a person (the original supplier) includes a reference to:

                              (i)  a supply of the original services to another person in an altered form or condition; and

                             (ii)  a supply to another person of other services that are substantially similar to the original services and could not have been supplied if the original services had not been acquired by the person who acquired them from the original supplier.

12BE  Application of Division in relation to leases and licences of land and buildings

                   In this Division:

                     (a)  a reference to a contract includes a reference to a lease of, or a licence in respect of, land or a building or part of a building (despite the express references in this Division to such leases or licences); and

                     (b)  a reference to making or entering into a contract, in relation to such a lease or licence, is a reference to granting or taking the lease or licence.

12BEA  Asserting a right to payment

             (1)  For the purposes of this Division, a person is taken to assert a right to payment from another person if the person:

                     (a)  makes a demand for the payment or asserts a present or prospective right to the payment; or

                     (b)  threatens to bring any legal proceedings with a view to obtaining the payment; or

                     (c)  places or causes to be placed the name of the other person on a list of defaulters or debtors, or threatens to do so, with a view to obtaining the payment; or

                     (d)  invokes or causes to be invoked any other collection procedure, or threatens to do so, with a view to obtaining the payment; or

                     (e)  sends any invoice or other document that:

                              (i)  states the amount of the payment; or

                             (ii)  sets out the price of unsolicited financial services; or

                            (iii)  sets out the charge for an advertisement, for financial services or financial products, that has been published;

                            and does not contain a statement, to the effect that the document is not an assertion of a right to a payment, that complies with any requirements prescribed by the regulations.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, an invoice or other document purporting to have been sent by or on behalf of a person is taken to have been sent by that person unless the contrary is established.

Subdivision BAUnfair contract terms

12BF  Unfair terms of consumer contracts

             (1)  A term of a consumer contract is void if:

                     (a)  the term is unfair; and

                     (b)  the contract is a standard form contract; and

                     (c)  the contract is:

                              (i)  a financial product; or

                             (ii)  a contract for the supply, or possible supply, of services that are financial services.

             (2)  The contract continues to bind the parties if it is capable of operating without the unfair term.

             (3)  A consumer contract is a contract at least one of the parties to which is an individual whose acquisition of what is supplied under the contract is wholly or predominantly an acquisition for personal, domestic or household use or consumption.

12BG  Meaning of unfair

             (1)  A term of a consumer contract referred to in subsection 12BF(1) is unfair if:

                     (a)  it would cause a significant imbalance in the parties’ rights and obligations arising under the contract; and

                     (b)  it is not reasonably necessary in order to protect the legitimate interests of the party who would be advantaged by the term; and

                     (c)  it would cause detriment (whether financial or otherwise) to a party if it were to be applied or relied on.

             (2)  In determining whether a term of a consumer contract is unfair under subsection (1), a court may take into account such matters as it thinks relevant, but must take into account the following:

                     (b)  the extent to which the term is transparent;

                     (c)  the contract as a whole.

             (3)  A term is transparent if the term is:

                     (a)  expressed in reasonably plain language; and

                     (b)  legible; and

                     (c)  presented clearly; and

                     (d)  readily available to any party affected by the term.

             (4)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(b), a term of a consumer contract is presumed not to be reasonably necessary in order to protect the legitimate interests of the party who would be advantaged by the term, unless that party proves otherwise.

12BH  Examples of unfair terms

             (1)  Without limiting section 12BG, the following are examples of the kinds of terms of a consumer contract referred to in subsection 12BF(1) that may be unfair:

                     (a)  a term that permits, or has the effect of permitting, one party (but not another party) to avoid or limit performance of the contract;

                     (b)  a term that permits, or has the effect of permitting, one party (but not another party) to terminate the contract;

                     (c)  a term that penalises, or has the effect of penalising, one party (but not another party) for a breach or termination of the contract;

                     (d)  a term that permits, or has the effect of permitting, one party (but not another party) to vary the terms of the contract;

                     (e)  a term that permits, or has the effect of permitting, one party (but not another party) to renew or not renew the contract;

                      (f)  a term that permits, or has the effect of permitting, one party to vary the upfront price payable under the contract without the right of another party to terminate the contract;

                     (g)  a term that permits, or has the effect of permitting, one party unilaterally to vary financial services to be supplied under the contract;

                     (h)  a term that permits, or has the effect of permitting, one party unilaterally to determine whether the contract has been breached or to interpret its meaning;

                      (i)  a term that limits, or has the effect of limiting, one party’s vicarious liability for its agents;

                      (j)  a term that permits, or has the effect of permitting, one party to assign the contract to the detriment of another party without that other party’s consent;

                     (k)  a term that limits, or has the effect of limiting, one party’s right to sue another party;

                      (l)  a term that limits, or has the effect of limiting, the evidence one party can adduce in proceedings relating to the contract;

                    (m)  a term that imposes, or has the effect of imposing, the evidential burden on one party in proceedings relating to the contract;

                     (n)  a term of a kind, or a term that has an effect of a kind, prescribed by the regulations.

             (2)  Before the Governor‑General makes a regulation for the purposes of paragraph (1)(n) prescribing a kind of term, or a kind of effect that a term has, the Minister must take into consideration:

                     (a)  the detriment that a term of that kind would cause to consumers; and

                     (b)  the impact on business generally of prescribing that kind of term or effect; and

                     (c)  the public interest.

12BI  Terms that define main subject matter of consumer contracts etc. are unaffected

             (1)  Section 12BF does not apply to a term of a consumer contract referred to in subsection (1) of that section to the extent that, but only to the extent that, the term:

                     (a)  defines the main subject matter of the contract; or

                     (b)  sets the upfront price payable under the contract; or

                     (c)  is a term required, or expressly permitted, by a law of the Commonwealth or a State or Territory.

             (2)  The upfront price payable under a consumer contract referred to in subsection 12BF(1) is the consideration that:

                     (a)  is provided, or is to be provided, for the supply under the contract; and

                     (b)  is disclosed at or before the time the contract is entered into;

but does not include any other consideration that is contingent on the occurrence or non‑occurrence of a particular event.

             (3)  To avoid doubt, if a consumer contract referred to in subsection 12BF(1) is a contract under which credit is provided or is to be provided, the consideration referred to in subsection (2) of this section includes the total amount of principal that is owed under the contract.

12BK  Standard form contracts

             (1)  If a party to a proceeding alleges that a contract is a standard form contract, it is presumed to be a standard form contract unless another party to the proceeding proves otherwise.

             (2)  In determining whether a contract is a standard form contract, a court may take into account such matters as it thinks relevant, but must take into account the following:

                     (a)  whether one of the parties has all or most of the bargaining power relating to the transaction;

                     (b)  whether the contract was prepared by one party before any discussion relating to the transaction occurred between the parties;

                     (c)  whether another party was, in effect, required either to accept or reject the terms of the contract (other than the terms referred to in subsection 12BI(1)) in the form in which they were presented;

                     (d)  whether another party was given an effective opportunity to negotiate the terms of the contract that were not the terms referred to in subsection 12BI(1);

                     (e)  whether the terms of the contract (other than the terms referred to in subsection 12BI(1)) take into account the specific characteristics of another party or the particular transaction;

                      (f)  any other matter prescribed by the regulations.

12BL  Contracts to which this Part does not apply

                   This Part does not apply to a consumer contract that is the constitution of a company, managed investment scheme or other kind of body.

12BM  Contraventions of this Subdivision etc.

                   Conduct is not taken, for the purposes of this Act, to contravene this Subdivision (or this Division) merely because of subsection 12BF(1).

Subdivision CUnconscionable conduct

12CA  Unconscionable conduct within the meaning of the unwritten law of the States and Territories

             (1)  A person must not, in trade or commerce, engage in conduct in relation to financial services if the conduct is unconscionable within the meaning of the unwritten law, from time to time, of the States and Territories.

             (2)  This section does not apply to conduct that is prohibited by section 12CB.

12CB  Unconscionable conduct in connection with financial services

             (1)  A person must not, in trade or commerce, in connection with:

                     (a)  the supply or possible supply of financial services to a person (other than a listed public company); or

                     (b)  the acquisition or possible acquisition of financial services from a person (other than a listed public company);

engage in conduct that is, in all the circumstances, unconscionable.

             (2)  This section does not apply to conduct that is engaged in only because the person engaging in the conduct:

                     (a)  institutes legal proceedings in relation to the supply or possible supply, or in relation to the acquisition or possible acquisition; or

                     (b)  refers to arbitration a dispute or claim in relation to the supply or possible supply, or in relation to the acquisition or possible acquisition.

             (3)  For the purpose of determining whether a person has contravened subsection (1):

                     (a)  the court must not have regard to any circumstances that were not reasonably foreseeable at the time of the alleged contravention; and

                     (b)  the court may have regard to conduct engaged in, or circumstances existing, before the commencement of this section.

             (4)  It is the intention of the Parliament that:

                     (a)  this section is not limited by the unwritten law of the States and Territories relating to unconscionable conduct; and

                     (b)  this section is capable of applying to a system of conduct or pattern of behaviour, whether or not a particular individual is identified as having been disadvantaged by the conduct or behaviour; and

                     (c)  in considering whether conduct to which a contract relates is unconscionable, a court’s consideration of the contract may include consideration of:

                              (i)  the terms of the contract; and

                             (ii)  the manner in which and the extent to which the contract is carried out;

                            and is not limited to consideration of the circumstances relating to formation of the contract.

             (5)  In this section:

listed public company has the same meaning as it has in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

12CC  Matters the court may have regard to for the purposes of section 12CB

             (1)  Without limiting the matters to which the court may have regard for the purpose of determining whether a person (the supplier) has contravened section 12CB in connection with the supply or possible supply of financial services to a person (the service recipient), the court may have regard to:

                     (a)  the relative strengths of the bargaining positions of the supplier and the service recipient; and

                     (b)  whether, as a result of conduct engaged in by the supplier, the service recipient was required to comply with conditions that were not reasonably necessary for the protection of the legitimate interests of the supplier; and

                     (c)  whether the service recipient was able to understand any documents relating to the supply or possible supply of the financial services; and

                     (d)  whether any undue influence or pressure was exerted on, or any unfair tactics were used against, the service recipient or a person acting on behalf of the service recipient by the supplier or a person acting on behalf of the supplier in relation to the supply or possible supply of the financial services; and

                     (e)  the amount for which, and the circumstances under which, the service recipient could have acquired identical or equivalent financial services from a person other than the supplier; and

                      (f)  the extent to which the supplier’s conduct towards the service recipient was consistent with the supplier’s conduct in similar transactions between the supplier and other like service recipients; and

                     (g)  if the supplier is a corporation—the requirements of any applicable industry code (see subsection (3)); and

                     (h)  the requirements of any other industry code (see subsection (3)), if the service recipient acted on the reasonable belief that the supplier would comply with that code; and

                      (i)  the extent to which the supplier unreasonably failed to disclose to the service recipient:

                              (i)  any intended conduct of the supplier that might affect the interests of the service recipient; and

                             (ii)  any risks to the service recipient arising from the supplier’s intended conduct (being risks that the supplier should have foreseen would not be apparent to the service recipient); and

                      (j)  if there is a contract between the supplier and the service recipient for the supply of the financial services:

                              (i)  the extent to which the supplier was willing to negotiate the terms and conditions of the contract with the service recipient; and

                             (ii)  the terms and conditions of the contract; and

                            (iii)  the conduct of the supplier and the service recipient in complying with the terms and conditions of the contract; and

                            (iv)  any conduct that the supplier or the service recipient engaged in, in connection with their commercial relationship, after they entered into the contract; and

                     (k)  without limiting paragraph (j), whether the supplier has a contractual right to vary unilaterally a term or condition of a contract between the supplier and the service recipient for the supply of the financial services; and

                      (l)  the extent to which the supplier and the service recipient acted in good faith.

             (2)  Without limiting the matters to which the court may have regard for the purpose of determining whether a person (the acquirer) has contravened section 12CB in connection with the acquisition or possible acquisition of financial services from a person (the supplier), the court may have regard to:

                     (a)  the relative strengths of the bargaining positions of the acquirer and the supplier; and

                     (b)  whether, as a result of conduct engaged in by the acquirer, the supplier was required to comply with conditions that were not reasonably necessary for the protection of the legitimate interests of the acquirer; and

                     (c)  whether the supplier was able to understand any documents relating to the acquisition or possible acquisition of the financial services; and

                     (d)  whether any undue influence or pressure was exerted on, or any unfair tactics were used against, the supplier or a person acting on behalf of the supplier by the acquirer or a person acting on behalf of the acquirer in relation to the acquisition or possible acquisition of the financial services; and

                     (e)  the amount for which, and the circumstances in which, the supplier could have supplied identical or equivalent financial services to a person other than the acquirer; and

                      (f)  the extent to which the acquirer’s conduct towards the supplier was consistent with the acquirer’s conduct in similar transactions between the acquirer and other like suppliers; and

                     (g)  the requirements of any applicable industry code (see subsection (3)); and

                     (h)  the requirements of any other industry code (see subsection (3)), if the supplier acted on the reasonable belief that the acquirer would comply with that code; and

                      (i)  the extent to which the acquirer unreasonably failed to disclose to the supplier:

                              (i)  any intended conduct of the acquirer that might affect the interests of the supplier; and

                             (ii)  any risks to the supplier arising from the acquirer’s intended conduct (being risks that the acquirer should have foreseen would not be apparent to the supplier); and

                      (j)  if there is a contract between the acquirer and the supplier for the acquisition of the financial services:

                              (i)  the extent to which the acquirer was willing to negotiate the terms and conditions of the contract with the supplier; and

                             (ii)  the terms and conditions of the contract; and

                            (iii)  the conduct of the acquirer and the supplier in complying with the terms and conditions of the contract; and

                            (iv)  any conduct that the acquirer or the supplier engaged in, in connection with their commercial relationship, after they entered into the contract; and

                     (k)  without limiting paragraph (j), whether the acquirer has a contractual right to vary unilaterally a term or condition of a contract between the acquirer and the supplier for the acquisition of the financial services; and

                      (l)  the extent to which the acquirer and the supplier acted in good faith.

             (3)  In this section:

applicable industry code, in relation to a corporation, has the same meaning as it has in subsection 51ACA(1) of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

industry code has the same meaning as it has in subsection 51ACA(1) of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

Subdivision DConsumer protection

12DA  Misleading or deceptive conduct

             (1)  A person must not, in trade or commerce, engage in conduct in relation to financial services that is misleading or deceptive or is likely to mislead or deceive.

          (1A)  Conduct:

                     (a)  that contravenes:

                              (i)  section 670A of the Corporations Act (misleading or deceptive takeover document); or

                             (ii)  section 728 of the Corporations Act (misleading or deceptive fundraising document); or

                     (b)  in relation to a disclosure document or statement within the meaning of section 953A of the Corporations Act; or

                     (c)  in relation to a disclosure document or statement within the meaning of section 1022A of the Corporations Act;

does not contravene subsection (1). For this purpose, conduct contravenes the provision even if the conduct does not constitute an offence, or does not lead to any liability, because of the availability of a defence.

             (2)  Nothing in sections 12DB to 12DN limits by implication the generality of subsection (1).

12DB  False or misleading representations

             (1)  A person must not, in trade or commerce, in connection with the supply or possible supply of financial services, or in connection with the promotion by any means of the supply or use of financial services:

                     (a)  make a false or misleading representation that services are of a particular standard, quality, value or grade; or

                     (b)  make a false or misleading representation that a particular person has agreed to acquire services; or

                     (c)  make a false or misleading representation that purports to be a testimonial by any person relating to services; or

                     (d)  make a false or misleading representation concerning:

                              (i)  a testimonial by any person; or

                             (ii)  a representation that purports to be such a testimonial;

                            relating to services; or

                     (e)  make a false or misleading representation that services have sponsorship, approval, performance characteristics, uses or benefits; or

                      (f)  make a false or misleading representation that the person making the representation has a sponsorship, approval or affiliation; or

                     (g)  make a false or misleading representation with respect to the price of services; or

                     (h)  make a false or misleading representation concerning the need for any services; or

                      (i)  make a false or misleading representation concerning the existence, exclusion or effect of any condition, warranty, guarantee, right or remedy (including an implied warranty under section 12ED); or

                      (j)  make a false or misleading representation concerning a requirement to pay for a contractual right that:

                              (i)  is wholly or partly equivalent to any condition, warranty, guarantee, right or remedy (including an implied warranty under section 12ED); and

                             (ii)  a person has under a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory (other than an unwritten law).

Note:          Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see section 12GB).

          (1A)  For the purposes of applying subsection (1) in relation to a proceeding concerning a representation of a kind referred to in paragraph (1)(c) or (d), the representation is taken to be misleading unless evidence is adduced to the contrary.

          (1B)  To avoid doubt, subsection (1A) does not:

                     (a)  have the effect that, merely because such evidence to the contrary is adduced, the representation is not misleading; or

                     (b)  have the effect of placing on any person an onus of proving that the representation is not misleading.

             (2)  Conduct:

                     (a)  that contravenes:

                              (i)  section 670A of the Corporations Act (misleading or deceptive takeover document); or

                             (ii)  section 728 of the Corporations Act (misleading or deceptive fundraising document); or

                     (b)  in relation to a disclosure document or statement within the meaning of section 953A of the Corporations Act; or

                     (c)  in relation to a disclosure document or statement within the meaning of section 1022A of the Corporations Act;

does not contravene subsection (1). For this purpose, conduct contravenes the provision even if the conduct does not constitute an offence, or does not lead to any liability, because of the availability of a defence.

             (3)  An offence under subsection 12GB(1) relating to subsection (1) of this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

12DC  False or misleading representations in relation to financial products that involve interests in land

             (1)  A person must not, in trade or commerce, in connection with the sale or grant, or the possible sale or grant, of a financial product that consists of, or includes, an interest in land, or in connection with the promotion by any means of a financial product that consists of, or includes, an interest in land:

                     (a)  represent that the person has a sponsorship, approval or affiliation it does not have; or

                     (b)  make a false or misleading representation concerning the nature of the interest in the land, the price payable for the financial product, the location of the land, the characteristics of the land, the use to which the land is capable of being put or may lawfully be put or the existence or availability of facilities associated with the land.

Note:          Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see section 12GB).

          (1A)  An offence under subsection 12GB(1) relating to subsection (1) of this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

          (2A)  A person contravenes this subsection if:

                     (a)  a person uses physical force or undue harassment or coercion; and

                     (b)  the person uses such force, harassment or coercion in connection with the sale or grant, or the possible sale or grant, of a financial product mentioned in subsection (1), or the payment for such a financial product.

Note:          Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see section 12GB).

          (2C)  For the purposes of the application of the Criminal Code in relation to an offence under subsection 12GB(1), strict liability applies to paragraph (2A)(b) of this section.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

          (2D)  Nothing in this section is to be taken as implying that other provisions in this Subdivision do not apply in relation to the supply or acquisition, or the possible supply or acquisition, of a financial product mentioned in subsection (1).

             (3)  In this section:

interest, in relation to land, means:

                     (a)  a legal or equitable estate or interest in the land; or

                     (b)  a right of occupancy of the land, or of a building or part of a building erected on the land, arising by virtue of the holding of shares, or by virtue of a contract to purchase shares, in an incorporated company that owns the land or building; or

                     (c)  a right, power or privilege over, or in connection with, the land.

12DD  Cash price to be stated in certain circumstances

             (1)  A person must not, in trade or commerce, in connection with:

                     (a)  the supply or possible supply of financial services; or

                     (b)  the promotion by any means of the supply or use of financial services;

make a representation about an amount that, if paid, would constitute a part of the consideration for the supply of the services unless the person also specifies the cash price for the services.

Note:          Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see section 12GB).

             (2)  This section does not apply to dealings in securities (within the meaning of Chapter 6 of the Corporations Act).

             (3)  An offence under subsection 12GB(1) relating to subsection (1) of this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

12DE  Offering rebates, gifts, prizes etc.

             (1)  A person contravenes this subsection if:

                     (a)  the person offers any rebate, gift, prize or other free item; and

                     (b)  the person offers the rebate, gift, prize or other free item in trade or commerce, in connection with:

                              (i)  the supply or possible supply of financial services; or

                             (ii)  the promotion by any means of the supply or use of financial services; or

                            (iii)  the sale or grant, or the possible sale or grant, of a financial product that consists of, or includes, an interest in land; or

                            (iv)  the promotion by any means of a financial product that consists of, or includes, an interest in land; and

                     (c)  when the person so offers it, the person intends not to provide it, or not to provide it as offered.

Note:          Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see section 12GB).

             (2)  For the purposes of the application of the Criminal Code in relation to subsection (1), paragraphs (1)(b) and (c) are taken to be circumstances in which the conduct described in paragraph (1)(a) occurs.

          (2A)  A person contravenes this subsection if:

                     (a)  the person offers any rebate, gift, prize or other free item; and

                     (b)  the person offers the rebate, gift, prize or other free item in trade or commerce, in connection with:

                              (i)  the supply or possible supply of financial services; or

                             (ii)  the promotion by any means of the supply or use of financial services; or

                            (iii)  the sale or grant, or the possible sale or grant, of a financial product that consists of, or includes, an interest in land; or

                            (iv)  the promotion by any means of a financial product that consists of, or includes, an interest in land; and

                     (c)  the person fails, within the time specified in the offer or (if no such time is specified) within a reasonable time after making the offer, to provide the rebate, gift, prize or other free item in accordance with the offer.

Note:          Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see section 12GB).

          (2B)  Subsection (2A) does not apply if:

                     (a)  the person’s failure to provide the rebate, gift, prize or other free item in accordance with the offer was due to the act or omission of another person, or to some other cause beyond the person’s control; and

                     (b)  the person took reasonable precautions and exercised due diligence to avoid the failure.

          (2C)  Subsection (2A) does not apply to an offer that the person makes to another person if:

                     (a)  the person offers to the other person a different rebate, gift, prize or other free item as a replacement; and

                     (b)  the other person agrees to receive the different rebate, gift, prize or other free item.

          (2D)  For the purposes of the application of the Criminal Code in relation to subsection (2A), paragraph (2A)(b) is taken to be a circumstance in which the conduct described in paragraph (2A)(a) occurs.

             (3)  For the purposes of the application of the Criminal Code in relation to an offence under subsection 12GB(1), strict liability applies in relation to paragraphs (1)(b) and (2A)(b) and (c) of this section.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (4)  In this section:

interest, in relation to land, has the same meaning as in subsection 12DC(3).

12DF  Certain misleading conduct in relation to financial services

             (1)  A person must not, in trade or commerce, engage in conduct that is liable to mislead the public as to the nature, the characteristics, the suitability for their purpose or the quantity of any financial services.

Note:          Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see section 12GB).

             (2)  An offence under subsection 12GB(1) relating to subsection (1) of this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

12DG  Bait advertising

             (1)  A person must not, in trade or commerce, advertise financial services for supply at a specified price, if there are reasonable grounds, of which the person is aware or ought reasonably to be aware, for believing that the person will not be able to offer for supply those services at that price:

                     (a)  for a period that is; and

                     (b)  in quantities that are;

reasonable having regard to the nature of the market in which the person carries on business and the nature of the advertisement.

Note:          Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see section 12GB).

             (2)  A person that has, in trade or commerce, advertised financial services for supply at a specified price must offer such services for supply at that price:

                     (a)  for a period that is; and

                     (b)  in quantities that are;

reasonable having regard to the nature of the market in which the person carries on business and the nature of the advertisement.

Note:          Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see section 12GB).

          (2A)  An offence under subsection 12GB(1) relating to subsection (1) or (2) of this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (3)  In a prosecution of a person under Subdivision G (sections 12GA to 12GO) in relation to a failure to offer financial services to a person (the customer) in accordance with subsection (2), it is a defence if the person establishes that:

                     (a)  it offered to supply, or to procure an alternative supplier to supply, services of the kind advertised to the customer within a reasonable time, in a reasonable quantity and at the advertised price; or

                     (b)  it offered to supply immediately, or to procure an alternative supplier to supply within a reasonable time, equivalent services to the customer in a reasonable quantity and at the price at which the first‑mentioned services were advertised;

and, in either case, if the offer was accepted by the customer, the person has so supplied, or procured an alternative supplier to supply, services.

Note:          A defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the matters in subsection (3), see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code.

12DH  Referral selling

             (1)  A person must not, in trade or commerce, induce a consumer to acquire financial services by representing that the consumer will, after the contract to acquire the services is made, receive a rebate, commission or other benefit in return for:

                     (a)  giving the person the names of prospective customers; or

                     (b)  otherwise assisting the person to supply financial services to other consumers;

if receipt of the rebate, commission or other benefit is contingent on an event occurring after that contract is made.

Note:          Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see section 12GB).

             (2)  An offence under subsection 12GB(1) relating to subsection (1) of this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

12DI  Accepting payment without intending or being able to supply as ordered

             (1)  A person contravenes this subsection if:

                     (a)  the person, in trade or commerce, accepts payment or other consideration for financial services; and

                     (b)  at the time of acceptance, the person intends:

                              (i)  not to supply the financial services; or

                             (ii)  to supply financial services materially different from the financial services in respect of which the payment or other consideration is accepted.

Note:          Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see section 12GB).

             (2)  For the purposes of the application of the Criminal Code in relation to an offence under subsection 12GB(1), strict liability applies to paragraph (1)(a) of this section.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (3)  A person contravenes this subsection if:

                     (a)  the person, in trade or commerce, accepts payment or other consideration for financial services; and

                     (b)  at the time of acceptance, there are reasonable grounds for believing that the person will not be able to supply the financial services within the period specified by the person or, if no period is specified, within a reasonable time.

Note:          Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see section 12GB).

             (4)  An offence under subsection 12GB(1) relating to subsection (3) of this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

12DJ  Harassment and coercion

             (1)  A person contravenes this subsection if:

                     (a)  the person uses physical force or undue harassment or coercion; and

                     (b)  the person uses such force, harassment or coercion in connection with the supply or possible supply of financial services to a consumer, or the payment for financial services by a consumer.

Note:          Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see section 12GB).

             (2)  Strict liability applies to paragraph (1)(b).

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

12DK  Pyramid selling of financial products

             (1)  A person contravenes this section if:

                     (a)  the person is the promoter of, or (if there are more than one) one of the promoters of, or is a participant in, a trading scheme to which this section applies; and

                     (b)  another person (the targeted person), who is a participant in that trading scheme, or has applied or been invited to become a participant in that trading scheme, makes any payment to or for the benefit of the person; and

                     (c)  the targeted person is induced to make the payment because the prospect is held out to him or her of receiving payments or other benefits in respect of the introduction (whether by himself or herself or by another person) of other persons who become participants in that trading scheme.

Note:          Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see section 12GB).

             (2)  A person also contravenes this section if:

                     (a)  the person is the promoter of, or (if there are more than one) one of the promoters of, is a participant in, or is otherwise acting in accordance with, a trading scheme to which this section applies; and

                     (b)  the person, by holding out to another person (the targeted person) the prospect of receiving payments or other benefits in respect of the introduction (whether by the targeted person or by another person) of other persons who become participants in that trading scheme, attempts to induce the targeted person:

                              (i)  if the targeted person is already a participant in that trading scheme, to make any payment to or for the benefit of the promoter or any of the promoters or to or for the benefit of a participant in that trading scheme; or

                             (ii)  if the targeted person is not already a participant in that trading scheme, to become such a participant and to make a payment of a kind mentioned in subparagraph (i).

Note:          Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see section 12GB).

             (3)  A person (the promoter) also contravenes this section if the promoter promotes, or takes part in the promotion of, a scheme under which:

                     (a)  a payment is to be made by another person (the targeted person) who participates, or who has applied or been invited to participate, in the scheme to or for the benefit of the promoter or another person who takes part in the promotion of the scheme or to or for the benefit of any person other than the targeted person who participates in the scheme; and

                     (b)  the inducement for making the payment is the holding out to the targeted person the prospect of receiving payments from other persons who may participate in the scheme.

Note:          Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see section 12GB).

          (3A)  An offence under subsection 12GB(1) relating to subsection (1), (2) or (3) of this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (4)  For the purposes of subsection (1), (2) or (3):

                     (a)  a prospect of a kind mentioned in that subsection is taken to be held out to a person whether it is held out so as to confer on him or her a legally enforceable right or not; and

                     (b)  in determining whether an inducement or attempt to induce is made by holding out a prospect of a kind mentioned in that subsection, it is sufficient if a prospect of that kind constitutes or would constitute a substantial part of the inducement; and

                     (c)  any reference to the making of a payment to or for the benefit of a person includes a reference to the making of a payment partly to or for the benefit of that person and partly to or for the benefit of one or more other persons.

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, a scheme is a trading scheme to which this section applies if the scheme includes the following elements:

                     (a)  financial products are to be provided by the person promoting the scheme (the promoter) or, in the case of a scheme promoted by 2 or more persons acting in concert (the promoters), are to be provided by one or more of those persons; and

                     (b)  the financial products so provided are to be supplied to or for other persons under transactions arranged or effected by persons who participate in the scheme (each of whom is in this section referred to as a participant), being persons not all of whom are promoters.

             (6)  For the purposes of subsection (5):

                     (a)  a scheme is taken to include the element referred to in paragraph (5)(b) whether a participant who is not a promoter acts in relation to a transaction referred to in that paragraph in the capacity of an employee or agent of the promoter or of one of the promoters or in any other capacity; and

                     (b)  a scheme includes any arrangements made in connection with the carrying on of a business, whether those arrangements are made or recorded wholly or partly in writing or not; and

                     (c)  a reference to the provision of a financial product by a person includes a reference to the provision of a financial product under arrangements to which that person is a party.

12DL  Unsolicited credit cards and debit cards

             (1)  A person must not send another person (the targeted person) a credit card or a debit card except in accordance with subsection (2).

Note:          Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see section 12GB).

             (2)  A person may send the targeted person the card:

                     (a)  in pursuance of a request in writing by the person (the liable person) who will be under a liability to the issuer of the card in respect of the use of the card; or

                     (b)  in renewal or replacement of, or in substitution for:

                              (i)  a card of the same kind previously sent to the targeted person in pursuance of a request in writing by the liable person to the issuer of the previous card; or

                             (ii)  a card of the same kind previously sent to the targeted person and used for a purpose for which it was intended to be used.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in this subsection, see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

             (3)  Subsection (1) applies only in relation to the sending of a card by or on behalf of the issuer of the card.

             (4)  A person must not take any action that enables:

                     (a)  another person who has a credit card to use the card as a debit card; or

                     (b)  another person who has a debit card to use the card as a credit card;

except in accordance with a request in writing by the other person.

Note:          Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see section 12GB).

          (4A)  An offence under subsection 12GB(1) relating to subsection (1) or (4) of this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (5)  In this section:

article includes a token, card or document.

credit card means an article that:

                     (a)  is of a kind described in one or more of the following subparagraphs:

                              (i)  an article of a kind commonly known as a credit card;

                             (ii)  a similar article intended for use in obtaining cash, goods or services on credit;

                            (iii)  an article of a kind that persons carrying on business commonly issue to their customers or prospective customers for use in obtaining goods or services from those persons on credit; and

                     (b)  is part of, or provides access to, a credit facility that is a financial product;

or an article that may be used as an article referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b).

debit card means:

                     (a)  an article intended for use by a person in obtaining access to an account that is:

                              (i)  held by the person for the purpose of withdrawing or depositing cash or obtaining goods or services; and

                             (ii)  a financial product; or

                     (b)  an article that may be used as an article referred to in paragraph (a).

12DM  Assertion of right to payment for unsolicited financial services etc.

             (1)  A person must not, in trade or commerce, assert a right to payment from another person for unsolicited financial services or unsolicited financial products.

Note:          Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see section 12GB).

          (1A)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the person had reasonable cause to believe that there was a right to payment.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (1A), see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

       (1AA)  A person must not, in trade or commerce, send to another person an invoice or other document that:

                     (a)  states the amount of a payment, or sets out the charge, for supplying unsolicited financial services or unsolicited financial products; and

                     (b)  does not contain a warning statement that complies with the requirements set out in the regulations.

Note:          Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see section 12GB).

       (1AB)  Subsection (1AA) does not apply if the person had reasonable cause to believe that there was a right to the payment or charge.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (1AB), see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

          (1B)  An offence under subsection 12GB(1) relating to subsection (1) or (1AA) of this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (4)  In a proceeding against a person in respect of a contravention of this section, the burden lies on the person of proving that the person had reasonable cause to believe that there was a right to payment.

12DMA  Liability of recipient for unsolicited financial services etc.

                   If a person, in trade or commerce, supplies unsolicited financial services or unsolicited financial products to another person, the other person:

                     (a)  is not liable to make any payment for the services or products; and

                     (b)  is not liable for loss or damage as a result of the supply of the services or products.

12DMB  Assertion of right to payment for unauthorised advertisements

             (1)  A person must not assert a right to payment from another person of a charge for placing, in a publication, an advertisement, for financial services or financial products, relating to:

                     (a)  the other person; or

                     (b)  the other person’s profession, business, trade or occupation;

unless the person knows, or has reasonable cause to believe, that the other person authorised the placing of the advertisement.

Note:          Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see section 12GB).

             (2)  A person must not send to another person an invoice or other document that:

                     (a)  states the amount of a payment, or sets out the charge for placing, in a publication, an advertisement, for financial services or financial products, relating to:

                              (i)  the other person; or

                             (ii)  the other person’s profession, business, trade or occupation; and

                     (b)  does not contain a warning statement that complies with the requirements set out in the regulations;

unless the person knows, or has reasonable cause to believe, that the other person authorised the placing of the advertisement.

Note:          Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see section 12GB).

             (3)  Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply to an advertisement that is placed in a publication published by a person who is:

                     (a)  the publisher of a publication that has an audited circulation of 10,000 copies or more per week, as confirmed by the most recent audit of the publication by a body specified in the regulations; or

                     (b)  a body corporate related to such a publisher; or

                     (c)  the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory, or an authority of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory; or

                     (d)  a person specified in the regulations.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (3): see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

             (4)  A person:

                     (a)  is not liable to make any payment to another person; and

                     (b)  is entitled to recover by action in a court of competent jurisdiction against another person any payment made by the person to the other person;

in full or part satisfaction of a charge for placing, in a publication, an advertisement for financial services or financial products, unless the person has authorised the publishing of the advertisement.

             (5)  A person is not taken for the purposes of this section to have authorised the placing, in a publication, of an advertisement, unless:

                     (a)  a document authorising the placing of the advertisement has been signed by the person or by another person authorised by him or her; and

                     (b)  a copy of the document has been given to the person before the right to payment of a charge for the placing of the advertisement is asserted; and

                     (c)  the document specifies:

                              (i)  the name and address of the person placing the advertisement; and

                             (ii)  particulars of the advertisement; and

                            (iii)  the amount of the charge for the placing of the advertisement, or the basis on which the charge is, or is to be, calculated.

             (6)  In a proceeding against a person in relation to a contravention of this section, the person bears the onus of proving that the person knew or had reasonable cause to believe that the person against whom a right to payment was asserted had authorised the placing of the advertisement.

12DN  Application of provisions of this Division to information providers

General rule

             (1)  Sections 12DA, 12DB, 12DC and 12DF do not apply to a publication of matter by an information provider if:

                     (a)  in any case—the information provider made the publication in the course of carrying on a business of providing information; or

                     (b)  if the information provider is the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, the Special Broadcasting Service Corporation or the holder of a licence granted under the Broadcasting Services Act 1992—the publication was by way of a radio or television broadcast by the information provider.

Exception—advertisements

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a publication of an advertisement.

Exception—information provider connected with supply of financial services

             (3)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a publication of matter in connection with the supply or possible supply of, or the promotion by any means of the supply or use of, financial services (the publicised financial services), if:

                     (a)  the publicised financial services were services of a kind supplied by the information provider or, if the information provider is a body corporate, by a body corporate that is related to the information provider; or

                     (b)  the publication was made on behalf of, or pursuant to a contract, arrangement or understanding with, a person who supplies financial services of the same kind as the publicised financial services; or

                     (c)  the publication was made on behalf of, or pursuant to a contract, arrangement or understanding with, a body corporate that is related to a body corporate that supplies financial services of the same kind as the publicised financial services.

Exception—information provider connected with sale etc. of financial products consisting of etc. interests in land

             (4)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a publication of matter in connection with the sale or grant, or possible sale or grant, of financial products that consist of, or include, interests in land, or the promotion by any means of the sale or grant of financial products that consist of, or include, interests in land (the publicised financial products), if:

                     (a)  the publicised financial products were interests of a kind sold or granted by the information provider or, if the information provider is a body corporate, by a body corporate that is related to the information provider; or

                     (b)  the publication was made on behalf of, or pursuant to a contract, arrangement or understanding with, a person who sells or grants financial products of the same kind as the publicised financial products; or

                     (c)  the publication was made on behalf of, or pursuant to a contract, arrangement or understanding with, a body corporate that is related to a body corporate that sells or grants financial products of the same kind as the publicised financial products.

Definitions

             (5)  In this section:

information provider means a person who carries on a business of providing information.

interest, in relation to land, has the same meaning as in subsection 12DC(3).

             (6)  Without limiting subsection (5), each of the following is an information provider:

                     (a)  the holder of a licence granted under the Broadcasting Services Act 1992;

                     (b)  a person who is the provider of a broadcasting service under a class licence under that Act;

                     (c)  the holder of a licence continued in force by section 5(1) of the Broadcasting Services (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 1992;

                     (d)  the Australian Broadcasting Corporation;

                     (e)  the Special Broadcasting Service Corporation.

Subdivision EConditions and warranties in consumer transactions

12EA  Conflict of laws

                   If:

                     (a)  the proper law of a contract for the supply by a person of financial services to a consumer would, but for a term that it should be the law of some other country or a term to the like effect, be the law of any part of Australia; or

                     (b)  a contract for the supply by a person of financial services to a consumer contains a term that purports to substitute, or has the effect of substituting, provisions of the law of some other country, or of a State or Territory, for all or any of the provisions of this Subdivision (sections 12EA to 12ED);

this Subdivision applies to the contract notwithstanding that term.

12EB  Application of provisions not to be excluded or modified

             (1)  A term of a contract (including a term that is not set out in the contract but is incorporated in the contract by another term of the contract) is void if it purports to exclude, restrict or modify or has the effect of excluding, restricting or modifying:

                     (a)  the application of all or any of the provisions of this Subdivision (sections 12EA to 12ED); or

                     (b)  the exercise of a right conferred by such a provision; or

                     (c)  any liability of the person for breach of a condition or warranty implied by such a provision.

             (2)  A term of a contract is not taken to exclude, restrict or modify the application of a provision of this Subdivision unless the term does so expressly or is inconsistent with that provision.

12EC  Limitation of liability for breach of certain conditions or warranties

             (1)  Subject to this section, a term of a contract for the supply by a person (the supplier) of financial services other than services of a kind ordinarily acquired for personal, domestic or household use is not void under section 12EB merely because the term limits the liability of the supplier for a breach of a condition or warranty to:

                     (a)  the supplying of the services again; or

                     (b)  the payment of the cost of having the services supplied again.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to a term of a contract if the person to whom the services were supplied establishes that it is not fair or reasonable for the supplier to rely on that term of the contract.

             (3)  In determining for the purposes of subsection (2) whether or not reliance on a term of a contract is fair or reasonable, a court must have regard to all the circumstances of the case and, in particular, to the following matters:

                     (a)  the strength of the bargaining positions of the supplier and the person to whom the services were supplied (the buyer) relative to each other, taking into account, among other things, the availability of equivalent services and suitable alternative sources of supply;

                     (b)  whether the buyer received an inducement to agree to the term or, in agreeing to the term, had an opportunity to acquire the services or equivalent services from any source of supply under a contract that did not include that term;

                     (c)  whether the buyer knew or ought reasonably to have known of the existence and extent of the term (having regard, among other things, to any custom of the trade and any previous course of dealing between the parties).

12ED  Warranties in relation to the supply of financial services

             (1)  In every contract for the supply of financial services by a person to a consumer in the course of a business, there is an implied warranty that:

                     (a)  the services will be rendered with due care and skill; and

                     (b)  any materials supplied in connection with those services will be reasonably fit for the purpose for which they are supplied.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person supplies financial services to a consumer in the course of a business; and

                     (b)  the consumer, expressly or by implication, makes known to the person:

                              (i)  any particular purpose for which the services are required; or

                             (ii)  the result that he or she desires the services to achieve;

there is an implied warranty that:

                     (c)  the services supplied under the contract for the supply of the services; and

                     (d)  any materials supplied in connection with those services;

will be reasonably fit for that purpose or are of such a nature and quality that they might reasonably be expected to achieve that result, except if the circumstances show that the consumer does not rely, or that it is unreasonable for him or her to rely, on the person’s skill or judgment.

          (2A)  If:

                     (a)  there is a breach of an implied warranty that exists because of this section in a contract made after the commencement of this subsection; and

                     (b)  the law of a State or Territory is the proper law of the contract;

the law of the State or Territory applies to limit or preclude liability for the breach, and recovery of that liability (if any), in the same way as it applies to limit or preclude liability, and recovery of a liability, for breach of another term of the contract.

             (3)  A reference in this section to financial services does not include a reference to services that are, or are to be, provided, granted or conferred under a contract of insurance.

Subdivision GEnforcement and remedies

12GA  Interpretation

                   In this Subdivision, unless the contrary intention appears:

                     (a)  a reference to the Court in relation to a matter is a reference to any court having jurisdiction in the matter; and

                     (b)  a reference to the Federal Court is a reference to the Federal Court of Australia; and

                     (c)  a reference to a judgment is a reference to a judgment, decree or order, whether final or interlocutory.

12GB  Offences against Subdivision D

             (1)  A person who:

                     (a)  contravenes; or

                     (b)  aids, abets, counsels or procures a person to contravene; or

                     (c)  induces, or attempts to induce, a person whether by threats or promises or otherwise, to contravene; or

                     (d)  is in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, the contravention by a person of; or

                     (e)  conspires with others to contravene;

a provision of Subdivision D (sections 12DA to 12DN) other than section 12DA, is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction:

                      (f)  in the case of a person who is not a body corporate—by a fine not exceeding 2,000 penalty units; or

                     (g)  in the case of a person who is a body corporate—by a fine not exceeding 10,000 penalty units.

          (1A)  Subsections 11.2(2) to (5) (inclusive) of the Criminal Code apply in relation to paragraph (1)(b) of this section in the same way that they apply in relation to subsection 11.2(1) of the Criminal Code.

          (1B)  Subsections 11.5(2) to (5) (inclusive) of the Criminal Code apply in relation to paragraph (1)(e) of this section in the same way that they apply in relation to the offence of conspiracy under subsection 11.5(1) of the Criminal Code.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person is convicted of 2 or more offences constituted by, or relating to, contraventions of the same provision of Subdivision D (sections 12DA to 12DN); and

                     (b)  the contraventions appear to the Court to have been of the same nature or a substantially similar nature and to have occurred at or about the same time;

the Court must not, in respect of the offences, impose on the person fines that, in the aggregate, exceed the maximum fine that would be applicable in respect of one offence by that person against that provision. This applies whether or not the person is also convicted of an offence or offences constituted by, or relating to, another contravention or other contraventions of that provision that were of a different nature or occurred at a different time.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a person is convicted of an offence constituted by, or relating to, a contravention of a provision of Subdivision D (sections 12DA to 12DN); and

                     (b)  a fine has, or fines have, previously been imposed on the person by the Court for an offence or offences constituted by, or relating to, another contravention or other contraventions of the same provision, being a contravention that, or contraventions each of which, appears to the Court to have been of the same nature as, or of a substantially similar nature to, and to have occurred at or about the same time as, the contravention referred to in paragraph (a);

the Court must not, in respect of the offence referred to in paragraph (a), impose on the person a fine that exceeds the amount (if any) by which the maximum fine applicable (under subsection (1)) in respect of the offence referred to in paragraph (a) is greater than the amount of the fine, or the sum of the amounts of the fines, referred to in paragraph (b). This applies whether or not a fine has, or fines have, also previously been imposed on the person for an offence or offences constituted by, or relating to, a contravention or contraventions of that provision that were of a different nature or occurred at a different time.

             (4)  In proceedings under this section against a person for contravening a provision of Subdivision D (sections 12DA to 12DN), the Court may:

                     (a)  grant an injunction under section 12GD against the person in relation to:

                              (i)  the conduct that constitutes, or is alleged to constitute, the contravention; or

                             (ii)  other conduct of that kind; or

                     (b)  make an order under section 12GLA (non‑punitive orders) in relation to the contravention; or

                     (c)  make an order under section 12GLB (punitive orders requiring adverse publicity) in relation to the contravention.

             (5)  Sections 11.1, 11.2, 11.3, and 11.4 of the Criminal Code and section 11.6 of the Criminal Code to the extent that it applies in relation to those sections, do not apply in relation to an offence against subsection (1).

             (6)  A prosecution for an offence against subsection (1) may be commenced within 3 years after the commission of the offence.

12GBA  Pecuniary penalties

             (1)  If the Court is satisfied that a person:

                     (a)  has contravened a provision of Subdivision C, D or GC (other than section 12DA); or

                     (b)  has attempted to contravene such a provision; or

                     (c)  has aided, abetted, counselled or procured a person to contravene such a provision; or

                     (d)  has induced, or attempted to induce, a person, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, to contravene such a provision; or

                     (e)  has been in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, the contravention by a person of such a provision; or

                      (f)  has conspired with others to contravene such a provision;

the Court may order the person to pay to the Commonwealth such pecuniary penalty, in respect of each act or omission by the person to which this section applies, as the Court determines to be appropriate.

             (2)  In determining the appropriate pecuniary penalty, the Court must have regard to all relevant matters including:

                     (a)  the nature and extent of the act or omission and of any loss or damage suffered as a result of the act or omission; and

                     (b)  the circumstances in which the act or omission took place; and

                     (c)  whether the person has previously been found by the Court in proceedings under this Subdivision to have engaged in any similar conduct.

             (3)  The pecuniary penalty payable under subsection (1) is not to exceed the number of penalty units worked out using the following table:

 

Number of penalty units

Item

For each act or omission to which this section applies that relates to ...

the number of penalty units is not to exceed ...

2

a provision of Subdivision C or D (other than section 12DA)

(a) if the person is a body corporate–10,000; or

(b) if the person is not a body corporate–2,000.

3

section 12GYB

(a) if the person is a body corporate–150; or

(b) if the person is not a body corporate–30.

4

section 12GYC

(a) if the person is a body corporate–250; or

(b) if the person is not a body corporate–50.

             (4)  If conduct constitutes a contravention of 2 or more provisions referred to in paragraph (1)(a):

                     (a)  a proceeding may be instituted under this Act against a person in relation to the contravention of any one or more of the provisions; but

                     (b)  a person is not liable to more than one pecuniary penalty under this section in respect of the same conduct.

12GBB  Pecuniary penalties and offences

             (1)  The Court must not make an order under section 12GBA against a person in relation to either of the following matters (a consumer protection breach):

                     (a)  a contravention of a provision referred to in paragraph 12GBA(1)(a);

                     (b)  conduct referred to in paragraph 12GBA(1)(b), (c), (d), (e) or (f) that relates to a contravention of a provision referred to in paragraph 12GBA(1)(a);

if the person has been convicted of an offence constituted by conduct that is substantially the same as the conduct constituting the consumer protection breach.

             (2)  Proceedings for an order under section 12GBA against a person in relation to a consumer protection breach are stayed if:

                     (a)  criminal proceedings are started or have already been started against the person for an offence; and

                     (b)  the offence is constituted by conduct that is substantially the same as the conduct alleged to constitute the consumer protection breach.

The proceedings for the order may be resumed if the person is not convicted of the offence. Otherwise, the proceedings are dismissed.

             (3)  Criminal proceedings may be started against a person for conduct that is substantially the same as conduct constituting a consumer protection breach regardless of whether an order under section 12GBA has been made against the person in respect of the breach.

             (4)  Evidence of information given, or evidence of production of documents, by an individual is not admissible in criminal proceedings against the individual if:

                     (a)  the individual previously gave the evidence or produced the documents in proceedings for an order under section 12GBA against the individual in relation to a consumer protection breach (whether or not the order was made); and

                     (b)  the conduct alleged to constitute the offence is substantially the same as the conduct that was claimed to constitute the consumer protection breach.

However, this does not apply to a criminal proceeding in respect of the falsity of the evidence given by the individual in the proceedings for the order.

12GBC  Civil action for recovery of pecuniary penalties

             (1)  ASIC may institute a proceeding in the Court for the recovery on behalf of the Commonwealth of a pecuniary penalty referred to in section 12GBA.

             (2)  A proceeding under subsection (1) may be commenced within 6 years after the contravention.

12GBD  Indemnification of officers

Officers not to be indemnified

             (1)  A body corporate (the first body), or a body corporate related to the first body, must not indemnify a person (whether by agreement or by making a payment and whether directly or through an interposed entity) against any of the following liabilities incurred as an officer of the first body:

                     (a)  a liability to pay a pecuniary penalty under section 12GBA;

                     (b)  legal costs incurred in defending or resisting proceedings in which the person is found to have such a liability.

Penalty:  25 penalty units.

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), the outcome of proceedings is the outcome of the proceedings and any appeal in relation to the proceedings.

             (3)  Subsection (1) does not authorise anything that would otherwise be unlawful.

Indemnities are void

             (4)  Anything that purports to indemnify a person against a liability is void to the extent that it contravenes subsection (1).

Application of this section to a person other than a body corporate

             (5)  If, as a result of the operation of Part 2.4 of the Criminal Code, a person other than a body corporate is:

                     (a)  convicted of an offence (the relevant offence) against subsection (1) of this section; or

                     (b)  convicted of an offence (the relevant offence) against section 11.4 of the Criminal Code in relation to an offence referred to in subsection (1) of this section;

the relevant offence is taken to be punishable on conviction by a fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

12GC  Enforcement and recovery of certain fines

             (1)  If a person on whom a fine has been imposed for an offence against section 12GB or subsection 12GN(5) defaults in payment of the fine, a Court may:

                     (a)  exercise any power that the Court has apart from this section with respect to the enforcement and recovery of fines imposed by the Court; or

                     (b)  make an order, on the application of the Minister or ASIC, declaring that the fine is to have effect, and may be enforced, as if it were a judgment debt under a judgment of the Court.

             (2)  If a person in relation to whom an order is made under subsection (1) in respect of a fine gives security for the payment of the fine, the Court must cancel the order in respect of the fine.

             (3)  If the Court makes an order in relation to a person in respect of a fine, the Court may, at any time before the order is executed in respect of the fine, allow the person a specified time in which to pay the fine or allow the person to pay the fine by specified instalments, and, in that case:

                     (a)  the order must not be executed unless the person fails to pay the fine within that time or fails to pay an instalment at or before the time when it becomes payable, as the case may be; and

                     (b)  if the person pays the fine within that time or pays all the instalments, as the case may be, the order is taken to have been discharged in respect of the fine.

             (4)  Subject to subsection (7), an order under subsection (1) in respect of a fine ceases to have effect:

                     (a)  on payment of the fine; or

                     (b)  if the fine is not paid—on full compliance with the order.

             (5)  The term of a sentence of imprisonment imposed by an order under a law of a State or Territory applied by section 15A of the Crimes Act 1914 in respect of a fine must be calculated at the rate of one day’s imprisonment for each $25 of the amount of the fine that is from time to time unpaid.

             (6)  Subject to subsection (7), if a person is required to serve periods of imprisonment under an order or orders under subsection (1) in respect of 2 or more fines, those periods of imprisonment must be served consecutively.

             (7)  Subject to subsection (8), if:

                     (a)  a person would, but for this subsection, be required under an order or orders under subsection (1) in respect of 3 or more fines to serve periods of imprisonment in respect of those fines exceeding in the aggregate 3 years; and

                     (b)  those fines were imposed (whether or not in the same proceedings) for offences constituted by contraventions that occurred within a period of 2 years, being contraventions that appear to the Court to have been of the same nature or a substantially similar nature;

the Court must, by order, declare that the order or orders are to cease to have effect in respect of those fines after the person has served an aggregate of 3 years’ imprisonment in respect of those fines.

             (8)  If subsection (7) would, but for this subsection, apply to a person with respect to offences committed by the person within 2 or more overlapping periods of 2 years, the Court must make an order under that subsection with respect to one only of those periods, being whichever period would give the person the maximum benefit from the application of that subsection.

             (9)  For the purposes of subsection (8), the Court may vary or revoke an order made under subsection (7).

           (10)  Paragraphs 15A(1)(b), (c) and (d) of the Crimes Act 1914 do not apply with respect to fines referred to in subsection (1).

12GCA  Preference must be given to compensation for victims

                   If:

                     (a)  the Court considers that it is appropriate:

                              (i)  to impose a fine under section 12GB on a person (the defendant); or

                             (ii)  to order a person (the defendant) to pay a pecuniary penalty under section 12GBA;

                            in respect of a contravention, or an involvement in a contravention, of this Division; and

                     (b)  it is appropriate to order the defendant to pay compensation to a person who has suffered loss or damage in respect of the contravention or the involvement; and

                     (c)  the defendant does not have sufficient financial resources to pay both the pecuniary penalty or fine and the compensation;

the Court must give preference to making an order for compensation.

12GD  Injunctions

             (1)  If, on the application of the Minister, ASIC or any other person, the Court is satisfied that a person has engaged, or is proposing to engage, in conduct that constitutes or would constitute:

                     (a)  a contravention of a provision of this Division; or

                     (b)  attempting to contravene such a provision; or

                     (c)  aiding, abetting, counselling or procuring a person to contravene such a provision; or

                     (d)  inducing, or attempting to induce, whether by threats, promises or otherwise, a person to contravene such a provision; or

                     (e)  being in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, the contravention by a person of such a provision; or

                      (f)  conspiring with others to contravene such a provision;

the Court may grant an injunction in such terms as the Court determines to be appropriate.

             (2)  If an application for an injunction under subsection (1) has been made, the Court may, if the Court determines it to be appropriate, grant an injunction by consent of all the parties to the proceedings, whether or not the Court is satisfied that a person has engaged, or is proposing to engage, in conduct of a kind mentioned in subsection (1).

             (3)  If in the opinion of the Court it is desirable to do so, the Court may grant an interim injunction pending determination of an application under subsection (1).

             (4)  The Court may rescind or vary an injunction granted under subsection (1) or (3).

             (5)  The power of the Court to grant an injunction restraining a person from engaging in conduct may be exercised:

                     (a)  whether or not it appears to the Court that the person intends to engage again, or to continue to engage, in conduct of that kind; and

                     (b)  whether or not the person has previously engaged in conduct of that kind; and

                     (c)  whether or not there is an imminent danger of substantial damage to any person if the first‑mentioned person engages in conduct of that kind.

             (6)  The power of the Court to grant an injunction requiring a person to do an act or thing may be exercised:

                     (a)  whether or not it appears to the Court that the person intends to refuse or fail again, or to continue to refuse or fail, to do that act or thing; and

                     (b)  whether or not the person has previously refused or failed to do that act or thing; and

                     (c)  whether or not there is an imminent danger of substantial damage to any person if the first‑mentioned person refuses or fails to do that act or thing.

             (7)  If the Minister or ASIC makes an application to the Court for the grant of an injunction under this section, the Court must not require the applicant or any other person, as a condition of granting an interim injunction, to give any undertakings as to damages.

             (8)  If, in a case to which subsection (7) does not apply:

                     (a)  the Court would, but for this subsection, require a person to give an undertaking as to damages or costs; and

                     (b)  the Minister gives the undertaking;

the Court must accept the undertaking by the Minister and must not require a further undertaking from any other person.

             (9)  A reference in this section to a contravention of a provision of this Division includes a reference to applying or relying on, or purporting to apply or rely on, a term of a consumer contract that the Court has declared under section 12GND to be an unfair term.

12GF  Actions for damages

             (1)  A person who suffers loss or damage by conduct of another person that contravenes a provision of Subdivision C (sections 12CA to 12CC) or Subdivision D (sections 12DA to 12DN) may recover the amount of the loss or damage by action against that other person or against any person involved in the contravention.

          (1A)  Subsection (1) has effect subject to section 12GNA.

Note:          Section 12GNA may limit the amount that the person may recover for a contravention of section 12DA (Misleading or deceptive conduct) from the other person or from another person involved in the contravention.

          (1B)  Despite subsection (1), if:

                     (a)  a person (the claimant) makes a claim under subsection (1) in relation to:

                              (i)  economic loss; or

                             (ii)  damage to property;

                            caused by conduct of another person (the defendant) that was done in contravention of section 12DA; and

                     (b)  the claimant suffered the loss or damage:

                              (i)  as a result partly of the claimant’s failure to take reasonable care; and

                             (ii)  as a result partly of the conduct referred to in paragraph (a); and

                     (c)  the defendant:

                              (i)  did not intend to cause the loss or damage; and

                             (ii)  did not fraudulently cause the loss or damage;

the damages that the claimant may recover in relation to the loss or damage are to be reduced to the extent to which the court thinks just and equitable having regard to the claimant’s share in the responsibility for the loss or damage.

Note:          Subdivision GA also applies proportionate liability to a claim for damages under this section for a contravention of section 12DA.

             (2)  An action under subsection (1) may be commenced within 6 years after the day on which the cause of action that relates to the conduct accrued.

12GG  Finding in proceedings to be evidence

                   In a proceeding against a person under section 12GF or in an application under subsection 12GM(2) or 12GNB(1) for an order against a person, a finding of any fact by a court made in proceedings under section 12GBC, 12GD, 12GLA or 12GLB, or for an offence against section 12GB, in which that person has been found to have contravened, or to have been involved in a contravention of, a provision of this Division is prima facie evidence of that fact. The finding may be proved by production of a document under the seal of the court from which the finding appears.

12GH  Conduct by directors, employees or agents

             (1)  If, in a proceeding under this Subdivision in respect of conduct engaged in by a body corporate, being conduct in relation to which the Division applies, it is necessary to establish the state of mind of the body corporate, it is sufficient to show that a director, employee or agent of the body corporate, being a director, employee or agent by whom the conduct was engaged in within the scope of the person’s actual or apparent authority, had that state of mind.

             (2)  Any conduct engaged in on behalf of a body corporate:

                     (a)  by a director, employee or agent of the body corporate within the scope of the person’s actual or apparent authority; or

                     (b)  by any other person at the direction or with the consent or agreement (whether express or implied) of a director, employee or agent of the body corporate, if the giving of the direction, consent or agreement is within the scope of the actual or apparent authority of the director, employee or agent;

is taken, for the purposes of this Division, to have been engaged in also by the body corporate.

             (3)  If, in a proceeding under this Subdivision in respect of conduct engaged in by a person other than a body corporate, being conduct in relation to which a provision of this Division applies, it is necessary to establish the state of mind of the person, it is sufficient to show that an employee or agent of the person, being an employee or agent by whom the conduct was engaged in within the scope of the employee’s or agent’s actual or apparent authority, had that state of mind.

             (4)  Conduct engaged in on behalf of a person (the principal) other than a body corporate:

                     (a)  by an employee or agent of the person within the scope of the actual or apparent authority of the employee or agent; or

                     (b)  by any other person at the direction or with the consent or agreement (whether express or implied) of an employee or agent of the principal, if the giving of the direction, consent or agreement is within the scope of the actual or apparent authority of the employee or agent;

is taken, for the purposes of this Division, to have been engaged in also by the principal.

             (5)  A reference in this section to the state of mind of a person includes a reference to the knowledge, intention, opinion, belief or purpose of the person and the person’s reasons for the person’s intention, opinion, belief or purpose.

             (6)  Part 2.5 of the Criminal Code does not apply in relation to an offence against a provision of this Subdivision.

12GI  Defences

             (1)  Subject to subsection (3), in a prosecution under this Subdivision in relation to a contravention of a provision of Subdivision D (sections 12DA to 12DN), it is a defence if the defendant establishes:

                     (a)  that the contravention in respect of which the proceeding was instituted was due to reasonable mistake; or

                     (b)  that the contravention in respect of which the proceeding was instituted was due to reasonable reliance on information supplied by another person; or

                     (c)  that:

                              (i)  the contravention in respect of which the proceeding was instituted was due to the act or default of another person, to an accident or to some other cause beyond the defendant’s control; and

                             (ii)  the defendant took reasonable precautions and exercised due diligence to avoid the contravention.

Note:          A defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the matters in subsection (1) (see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code).

          (1A)  Paragraph (1)(a) is to be interpreted as having the same effect in relation to a contravention of a provision of this Subdivision as section 9.2 of the Criminal Code has in relation to offences of strict liability.

             (2)  In paragraphs (1)(b) and (c), another person does not include a person who was:

                     (a)  an employee or agent of the defendant; or

                     (b)  in the case of a defendant being a body corporate, a director, employee or agent of the defendant;

at the time when the contravention occurred.

             (3)  If a defence provided by subsection (1) involves an allegation that a contravention was due to reliance on information supplied by another person or to the act or default of another person, the defendant is not, without leave of the Court, entitled to rely on that defence unless he or she has, not later than 7 days before the day on which the hearing of the proceeding commences, served on the person by whom the proceeding was instituted a notice in writing giving such information that would identify or assist in the identification of the other person as was then in his or her possession.

             (4)  In a proceeding under this Subdivision in relation to a contravention of a provision of Subdivision D (sections 12DA to 12DN) committed by the publication of an advertisement, it is a defence if the defendant establishes that he or she is a person whose business it is to publish or arrange for the publication of advertisements and that he or she received the advertisement for publication in the ordinary course of business and did not know and had no reason to suspect that its publication would amount to a contravention of a provision of Subdivision D.

Note:          A defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the matters in subsection (4) (see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code).

             (5)  If, in proceedings under section 12GBA against a person other than a body corporate, it appears to the Court that the person has, or may have:

                     (a)  engaged in conduct in contravention of a provision referred to in paragraph (1)(a) of that section; or

                     (b)  engaged in conduct referred to in paragraph (1)(b), (c), (d), (e) or (f) of that section that relates to a contravention of such a provision;

but that the person acted honestly and reasonably and, having regard to all the circumstances of the case, ought fairly to be excused, the Court may relieve the person either wholly or partly from liability to pay a pecuniary penalty under that section.

12GJ  Jurisdiction of courts

             (1)  Jurisdiction is conferred on the Federal Court in any matter:

                     (a)  arising under this Division; or

                     (b)  arising under Part 3 in its application in relation to an investigation of a contravention of this Division;

in respect of which a civil proceeding may be instituted under this Subdivision or under Part 3 as so applying.

             (2)  With respect to any matter:

                     (a)  arising under this Division; or

                     (b)  arising under Part 3 in its application in relation to an investigation of a contravention of this Division;

in respect of which a civil proceeding is instituted under this Subdivision or under Part 3 as so applying:

                     (c)  the several courts of the States are invested with federal jurisdiction within the limits of their several jurisdictions, whether those limits are as to locality, subject‑matter or otherwise; and

                     (d)  subject to the Constitution, jurisdiction is conferred on the several courts of the Territories.

             (3)  Nothing in subsection (2) is taken to enable an inferior court of a State or Territory to grant a remedy other than a remedy of a kind that the court is able to grant under the law of that State or Territory.

             (4)  The jurisdiction conferred by subsection (1) on the Federal Court is exclusive of the jurisdiction of any other court other than the jurisdiction of the several courts of the States and Territories under subsection (2) and the jurisdiction of the High Court under section 75 of the Constitution.

12GK  Transfer of matters

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a civil proceeding instituted by a person is pending in the Federal Court; and

                     (b)  a matter for determination in the proceeding arose under:

                              (i)  this Division; or

                             (ii)  Part 3 in its application in relation to an investigation of a contravention of this Division;

the Federal Court may, subject to subsection (2), upon the application of a party or of the Federal Court’s own motion, transfer the matter to a court of a State or Territory and may also transfer to that court any other matter for determination in the proceeding.

             (2)  The Federal Court must not transfer a matter to another court under subsection (1) unless the other court has power to grant the remedies sought before the Federal Court in the matter and it appears to the Federal Court that:

                     (a)  the matter arises out of or is related to a proceeding that is pending in the other court; or

                     (b)  it is otherwise in the interests of justice that the matter be determined by the other court.

             (3)  If the Federal Court transfers a matter to another court under subsection (1):

                     (a)  further proceedings in the matter must be as directed by the other court; and

                     (b)  the judgment of the other court in the matter is enforceable throughout Australia and the external Territories as if it were a judgment of the Federal Court.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a proceeding is pending in a court (other than the Supreme Court) of a State or Territory; and

                     (b)  a matter for determination in the proceeding arose under:

                              (i)  this Division; or

                             (ii)  Part 3 in its application in relation to an investigation of a contravention of this Division;

the court must, if directed to do so by the Federal Court, transfer to the Federal Court the matter and such other matters for determination in the proceeding, as the Federal Court decides, the determination of which would, apart from any law of a State or of the Northern Territory relating to cross‑vesting of jurisdiction, be within the jurisdiction of the Federal Court.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  a proceeding is pending in a court (other than the Supreme Court) of a State or Territory; and

                     (b)  a matter for determination in the proceeding arose under:

                              (i)  this Division; or

                             (ii)  Part 3 in its application in relation to an investigation of a contravention of this Division;

the court may, subject to subsection (6), upon the application of a party or of the court’s own motion, transfer the matter to a court (other than the Supreme Court) of a State or Territory other than the State or Territory referred to in paragraph (a).

             (6)  The court must not transfer the matter to another court under subsection (5) unless the other court has power to grant the remedies sought in the matter and it appears to the court that:

                     (a)  the matter arises out of or is related to a proceeding that is pending in the other court; or

                     (b)  it is otherwise in the interests of justice that the matter be determined by the other court.

             (7)  If a court transfers a matter to another court under subsection (5), further proceedings in the matter must be as directed by the other court.

12GL  Transfer of certain proceedings to Family Court

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a civil proceeding is pending in the Federal Court; and

                     (b)  a matter for determination in the proceeding arises under this Division;

the Federal Court may, on the application of a party to the proceeding or of its own motion, transfer the proceeding to the Family Court.

             (3)  Subject to subsection (4), if a proceeding is transferred to the Family Court:

                     (a)  the Family Court has jurisdiction to hear and determine the proceeding; and

                     (b)  the Family Court also has jurisdiction to hear and determine matters not otherwise within its jurisdiction (whether under paragraph (a) or otherwise):

                              (i)  that are associated with matters arising in the proceeding; or

                             (ii)  that, apart from subsection 32(1) of the Federal Court of Australia Act 1976, the Federal Court would have had jurisdiction to hear and determine in the proceeding; and

                     (c)  the Family Court may, in and in relation to the proceeding:

                              (i)  grant such remedies; and

                             (ii)  make orders of such kinds; and

                            (iii)  issue, and direct the issue of, writs of such kinds;

                            as the Federal Court could have in and in relation to the proceeding; and

                     (d)  remedies, orders and writs granted, made or issued by the Family Court in and in relation to the proceeding have effect, and may be enforced by the Family Court, as if they had been granted, made or issued by the Federal Court; and

                     (e)  appeals lie from judgments of the Family Court given in and in relation to the proceeding as if the judgments were judgments of the Federal Court constituted by a single Judge of that Court, and do not otherwise lie; and

                      (f)  subject to paragraphs (a) to (e) (inclusive), this Division, the regulations, the Federal Court of Australia Act 1976, the Rules of Court made under that Act, and other laws of the Commonwealth, apply in and in relation to the proceeding as if:

                              (i)  a reference to the Federal Court (other than in the expression the Court or a Judge) included a reference to the Family Court; and

                             (ii)  a reference to a Judge of the Federal Court (other than in the expression the Court or a Judge) included a reference to a Family Court Judge; and

                            (iii)  a reference to the expression the Court or a Judge when used in relation to the Federal Court included a reference to a Family Court Judge sitting in Chambers; and

                            (iv)  a reference to a Registrar of the Federal Court included a reference to a Registrar of the Family Court; and

                             (v)  any other necessary changes were made.

             (4)  If any difficulty arises in the application of paragraphs (3)(c), (d) and (f) in or in relation to a particular proceeding, the Family Court may, on the application of a party to the proceeding or of its own motion, give such directions, and make such orders, as it considers appropriate to resolve the difficulty.

             (5)  An appeal does not lie from a decision of the Federal Court in relation to the transfer of a proceeding under this Division to the Family Court.

12GLA  Non‑punitive orders

             (1)  The Court may, on application by ASIC, make one or more of the orders mentioned in subsection (2) in relation to a person who has engaged in contravening conduct.

             (2)  The orders that the Court may make in relation to the person are:

                     (a)  a community service order; and

                     (b)  a probation order for a period of no longer than 3 years; and

                     (c)  an order requiring the person to disclose, in the way and to the persons specified in the order, such information as is so specified, being information that the person has possession of or access to; and

                     (d)  an order requiring the person to publish, at the person’s expense and in the way specified in the order, an advertisement in the terms specified in, or determined in accordance with, the order.

             (3)  This section does not limit the Court’s powers under any other provision of this Act.

             (4)  In this section:

community service order, in relation to a person who has engaged in contravening conduct, means an order directing the person to perform a service that:

                     (a)  is specified in the order; and

                     (b)  relates to the conduct;

for the benefit of the community or a section of the community.

Example:    The following are examples of community service orders:

(a)    an order requiring a person who has made false representations to make available a training video which explains advertising obligations under this Act; and

(b)    an order requiring a person who has engaged in misleading or deceptive conduct in relation to a financial product to carry out a community awareness program to address the needs of consumers when purchasing the financial product.

contravening conduct means conduct that:

                     (a)  contravenes a provision of Subdivision C (sections 12CA to 12CC); or

                     (b)  contravenes a provision of Subdivision D (sections 12DA to 12DN); or

                     (c)  contravenes a provision of Subdivision E (sections 12EA to 12ED); or

                     (d)  constitutes an involvement in a contravention of any of those provisions.

probation order, in relation to a person who has engaged in contravening conduct, means an order that is made by the Court for the purpose of ensuring that the person does not engage in the contravening conduct, similar conduct or related conduct during the period of the order, and includes:

                     (a)  an order directing the person to establish a compliance program for employees or other persons involved in the person’s business, being a program designed to ensure their awareness of the responsibilities and obligations in relation to the contravening conduct, similar conduct or related conduct; and

                     (b)  an order directing the person to establish an education and training program for employees or other persons involved in the person’s business, being a program designed to ensure their awareness of the responsibilities and obligations in relation to the contravening conduct, similar conduct or related conduct; and

                     (c)  an order directing the person to revise the internal operations of the person’s business which lead to the person engaging in the contravening conduct.

12GLB  Punitive orders requiring adverse publicity

             (1)  The Court may, on application by ASIC, make an adverse publicity order in relation to a person who:

                     (a)  has been ordered to pay a pecuniary penalty under section 12GBA; or

                     (b)  is guilty of an offence under section 12GB.

             (2)  In this section, an adverse publicity order, in relation to a person, means an order that:

                     (a)  requires the person to disclose, in the way and to third parties specified in the order, such information as is so specified, being information that the person has possession of or access to; and

                     (b)  requires the person to publish, at the person’s expense and in the way specified in the order, an advertisement in the terms specified in, or determined in accordance with, the order.

             (3)  This section does not limit the Court’s powers under any other provision of this Act.

12GLC  ASIC may issue a public warning notice

Contraventions

             (1)  ASIC may issue to the public a written notice containing a warning about the conduct of a person if:

                     (a)  ASIC has reasonable grounds to suspect that the conduct may constitute a contravention of a provision of Subdivision C or D; and

                     (b)  ASIC is satisfied that one or more other persons has suffered, or is likely to suffer, detriment as a result of the conduct; and

                     (c)  ASIC is satisfied that it is in the public interest to issue the notice.

Substantiation notices

             (2)  Without limiting subsection (1), if:

                     (a)  a person refuses to respond to a substantiation notice given to the person, or fails to respond to the notice before the end of the substantiation notice compliance period for the notice; and

                     (b)  ASIC is satisfied that it is in the public interest to issue a notice under this subsection;

ASIC may issue to the public a written notice containing a warning that the person has refused or failed to respond to the substantiation notice within that period, and specifying the matter to which the substantiation notice related.

Notice is not a legislative instrument

             (3)  A notice issued under subsection (1) or (2) is not a legislative instrument.

12GLD  Order disqualifying a person from managing corporations

             (1)  On application by ASIC, the Court may make an order disqualifying a person from managing corporations for a period that the Court considers appropriate if:

                     (a)  the Court is satisfied that the person has committed, has attempted to commit or has been involved in a contravention of a provision of Subdivision C or D (other than section 12DA); and

                     (b)  the Court is satisfied that the disqualification is justified.

Note 1:       Section 206EB of the Corporations Act 2001 provides that a person is disqualified from managing corporations if a court order is in force under this section. That Act contains various consequences for persons so disqualified.

Note 2:       ASIC must keep a register of persons who have been disqualified from managing corporations (see section 1274AA of the Corporations Act 2001).

             (2)  In determining under subsection (1) whether the disqualification is justified, the Court may have regard to:

                     (a)  the person’s conduct in relation to the management, business or property of any corporation; and

                     (b)  any other matters that the Court considers appropriate.

12GM  Other orders

             (1)  Without limiting the generality of section 12GD, if, in a proceeding instituted under, or for an offence against, this Division, the Court finds that a person who is a party to the proceeding has suffered, or is likely to suffer, loss or damage by conduct of another person that was engaged in in contravention of a provision of this Division, the Court may, whether or not it grants an injunction under section 12GD or makes an order under section 12GF, 12GLA or 12GLB, make such order or orders as it thinks appropriate against the person who engaged in the conduct or a person who was involved in the contravention (including all or any of the orders mentioned in subsection (7) of this section) if the Court considers that the order or orders concerned will compensate the first‑mentioned person in whole or in part for the loss or damage or will prevent or reduce the loss or damage.

             (2)  Without limiting the generality of section 12GD or 12GNB, the Court may, on the application of:

                     (a)  a person who has suffered, or is likely to suffer, loss or damage by conduct of another person that was engaged in in contravention of a provision of this Division; or

                     (b)  ASIC in accordance with subsection (3) on behalf of such a person or persons;

make such order or orders as the Court thinks appropriate against the person who engaged in the conduct or a person who was involved in the contravention (including all or any of the orders mentioned in subsection (7)) if the Court considers that the order or orders concerned will:

                     (c)  compensate the person who made the application, or the person or any of the persons on whose behalf the application was made, in whole or in part for the loss or damage; or

                     (d)  prevent or reduce the loss or damage suffered, or likely to be suffered, by such a person or persons.

             (3)  ASIC may only make an application under paragraph (2)(b) on behalf of one or more persons identified in the application who:

                     (a)  have suffered, or are likely to suffer, loss or damage by the conduct of another person that was engaged in in contravention of a provision of this Division; and

                     (b)  have consented in writing to the application being made before it is made.

             (4)  An application may be made under subsection (2) in relation to a contravention of this Division notwithstanding that a proceeding has not been instituted under another provision of this Part in relation to that contravention.

             (5)  An application under subsection (2) may be made at any time within 6 years after the day on which the cause of action that relates to the conduct accrued.

             (6)  For the purpose of determining whether to make an order under this section in relation to a contravention of Subdivision C (sections 12CA to 12CC), the Court may have regard to the conduct of parties to the proceeding since the contravention occurred.

             (7)  Without limiting the generality of subsections (1) and (2), the orders referred to in those subsections include the following:

                     (a)  an order declaring the whole or any part of a contract made between the person who suffered, or is likely to suffer, the loss or damage and the person who engaged in the conduct or a person who was involved in the contravention constituted by the conduct, or of a collateral arrangement relating to such a contract, to be void and, if the Court thinks fit, to have been void ab initio or at all times on and after a date before the date on which the order is made;

                     (b)  an order varying such a contract or arrangement in such manner as is specified in the order and, if the Court thinks fit, declaring the contract or arrangement to have had effect as so varied on and after a date before the date on which the order is made;

                     (c)  an order refusing to enforce any or all of the provisions of such a contract;

                     (d)  an order directing the person who engaged in the conduct or a person who was involved in the contravention constituted by the conduct to refund money or return property to the person who suffered the loss or damage;

                     (e)  an order directing the person who engaged in the conduct or a person who was involved in the contravention constituted by the conduct to pay to the person who suffered the loss or damage the amount of the loss or damage;

                      (f)  an order directing the person who engaged in the conduct or a person who was involved in the contravention constituted by the conduct, at his or her own expense, to supply specified services to the person who suffered, or is likely to suffer, the loss or damage;

                     (g)  an order, in relation to an instrument creating or transferring an interest in land, directing the person who engaged in the conduct or a person who was involved in the contravention constituted by the conduct to execute an instrument that:

                              (i)  varies, or has the effect of varying, the first‑mentioned instrument; or

                             (ii)  terminates or otherwise affects, or has the effect of terminating or otherwise affecting, the operation or effect of the first‑mentioned instrument.

          (7A)  Subsections (1) and (2) have effect subject to section 12GNA.

Note:          Section 12GNA may limit the liability, under an order under subsection (1) or (2) of this section, of a person for his or her contravention of section 12DA (Misleading or deceptive conduct) or involvement in such a contravention.

             (8)  The powers conferred on the Court under this section in relation to a contract or covenant do not affect any powers that any other court may have in relation to the contract or covenant in proceedings instituted in that other court in respect of the contract or covenant.

             (9)  In subsection (7):

interest, in relation to land, has the same meaning as in subsection 12DC(3).

           (10)  A reference in this section to a contravention of a provision of this Division includes a reference to applying or relying on, or purporting to apply or rely on, a term of a consumer contract that the Court has declared under section 12GND to be an unfair term.

12GN  Power of Court to prohibit payment or transfer of money or other property

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  proceedings have been commenced against a person for an offence against section 12GB; or

                     (b)  an application has been made under section 12GD for an injunction against a person in relation to a contravention of a provision of this Division; or

                     (c)  an action has been commenced under subsection 12GF(1) against a person in relation to a contravention of a provision of Subdivision D (sections 12DA to 12DN); or

                     (d)  an application for an order under subsection 12GM(2) or (3) or 12GNB(1) has been or may be made against a person in relation to a contravention of a provision of this Division;

the Court may, on the application of the Minister or ASIC, make an order or orders mentioned in subsection (2) if the Court is satisfied that:

                     (e)  it is necessary or desirable to do so for the purpose of preserving money or other property held by or on behalf of a person referred to in paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (d), as the case may be (the relevant person), if the relevant person is liable or may become liable under this Division to pay money by way of a fine, damages, compensation, refund or otherwise or to transfer, sell or refund other property; and

                      (f)  it will not unduly prejudice the rights and interests of any other person.

             (2)  The orders referred to in subsection (1) are the following:

                     (a)  an order prohibiting, either absolutely or subject to conditions, a person who is indebted to the relevant person or to an associate of the relevant person from making a payment in total or partial discharge of the debt to, or to another person at the direction or request of, the person to whom the debt is owed;

                     (b)  an order prohibiting, either absolutely or subject to conditions, a person who is holding money or other property on behalf of the relevant person or on behalf of an associate of the relevant person from paying all or any of the money, or transferring, or otherwise parting with possession of, the other property, to, or to another person at the direction or request of, the person on whose behalf the money or other property is held;

                     (c)  an order prohibiting, either absolutely or subject to conditions, the taking or sending by any person of money of the relevant person or of an associate of the relevant person to a place outside the State or Territory in which the money is held;

                     (d)  an order prohibiting, either absolutely or subject to conditions, the taking, sending or transfer by any person of other property of the relevant person or of an associate of the relevant person to a place outside the State or Territory in which the other property is located;

                     (e)  an order appointing, if the relevant person is a natural person, a receiver or trustee of the property or of part of the property of the relevant person with such powers as are specified in the order.

             (3)  Subject to subsection (4), an order under this section may be expressed to operate:

                     (a)  for a period specified in the order; or

                     (b)  until proceedings under any other provision of this Part in relation to which the order was made have been concluded.

             (4)  An order under this section made on an application ex parte must not be expressed to operate for a period exceeding 30 days.

             (5)  A person who contravenes or fails to comply with an order by the Court under this section that is applicable to the person is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction:

                     (a)  in the case of a person not being a body corporate—by a fine not exceeding 200 penalty units; or

                     (b)  in the case of a person being a body corporate—by a fine not exceeding 1,000 penalty units.

          (5A)  Subsection (5) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (6)  Nothing in this section affects the powers that the Court has apart from this section.

             (7)  This section has effect subject to the Bankruptcy Act 1966.

             (8)  A reference in this section to a person who is an associate of a relevant person is a reference to:

                     (a)  a person holding money or other property on behalf of the relevant person; or

                     (b)  if the relevant person is a body corporate—a wholly owned subsidiary of the relevant person.

             (9)  A reference in paragraph (1)(b) or (d) to a contravention of a provision of this Division includes a reference to applying or relying on, or purporting to apply or rely on, a term of a consumer contract that the Court has declared under section 12GND to be an unfair term.

12GNA  Limit on liability for misleading or deceptive conduct

State or Territory professional standards law limits liability

             (1)  A professional standards law of a State, the Australian Capital Territory or the Northern Territory applies to limit occupational liability relating to an action for contravention of section 12DA in the same way as it limits occupational liability arising under a law of the State or Territory.

Note:          Section 12DA prohibits misleading or deceptive conduct by a person in relation to financial services.

             (2)  However, the professional standards law applies for that purpose:

                     (a)  only in relation to a scheme that was prescribed by the regulations at the time (the contravention time) of the contravention; and

                     (b)  as if the scheme were in force under that law at the contravention time in the form the scheme would have been in if:

                              (i)  the scheme had not been amended or revoked under that law since the scheme was first prescribed; and

                             (ii)  the modifications (if any) prescribed by the regulations at the contravention time had been made to the scheme.

Which State’s or Territory’s professional standards law applies?

             (3)  For the purposes of working out whether a professional standards law of a particular State or Territory applies under subsection (1) in relation to a particular contravention of section 12DA, choice of law rules operate in relation to the contravention in the same way as they operate in relation to a tort.

Definitions

             (4)  In this section:

modifications includes additions, omissions and substitutions.

occupation includes profession and trade.

occupational association means a body:

                     (a)  that represents the interests of persons who have the same occupation; and

                     (b)  whose membership is limited principally to such persons.

occupational liability means civil liability arising directly or vicariously from anything done or omitted by a member of an occupational association in the course of his or her occupation.

professional standards law means a law providing for the limitation of occupational liability by reference to schemes for limiting that liability that were formulated and published in accordance with that law.

12GNB  Orders to redress loss or damage suffered by non‑party consumers etc.

Orders

             (1)  Without limiting the generality of section 12GD, if:

                     (a)  a person:

                              (i)  engaged in conduct (the contravening conduct) in contravention of a provision of Subdivision C or D; or

                             (ii)  is a party to a consumer contract who is advantaged by a term (the declared term) of the contract in relation to which the Court has made a declaration under section 12GND; and

                     (b)  the contravening conduct or declared term caused, or is likely to cause, a class of persons to suffer loss or damage; and

                     (c)  the class includes persons who are non‑party consumers in relation to the contravening conduct or declared term;

the Court may, on the application of ASIC, make such order or orders (other than an award of damages) as the Court thinks appropriate against a person referred to in subsection (2) of this section.

Note:          The orders that the Court may make include all or any of the orders set out in section 12GNC.

             (2)  An order under subsection (1) may be made against:

                     (a)  if subparagraph (1)(a)(i) applies—the person who engaged in the contravening conduct, or a person involved in that conduct; or

                     (b)  if subparagraph (1)(a)(ii) applies—a party to the contract who is advantaged by the declared term.

             (3)  The Court must not make an order under subsection (1) unless the Court considers that the order will:

                     (a)  redress, in whole or in part, the loss or damage suffered by the non‑party consumers in relation to the contravening conduct or declared term; or

                     (b)  prevent or reduce the loss or damage suffered, or likely to be suffered, by the non‑party consumers in relation to the contravening conduct or declared term.

Application for orders

             (4)  An application may be made under subsection (1) even if an enforcement proceeding in relation to the contravening conduct or declared term has not been instituted.

             (5)  An application under subsection (1) may be made at any time within 6 years after the day on which:

                     (a)  if subparagraph (1)(a)(i) applies—the cause of action that relates to the contravening conduct accrues; or

                     (b)  if subparagraph (1)(a)(ii) applies—the declaration is made.

Determining whether to make an order

             (6)  In determining whether to make an order under subsection (1) against a person referred to in paragraph (2)(a), the Court may have regard to the conduct of the person, and of the non‑party consumers in relation to the contravening conduct, since the contravention occurred.

             (7)  In determining whether to make an order under subsection (1) against a person referred to in paragraph (2)(b), the Court may have regard to the conduct of the person, and of the non‑party consumers in relation to the declared term, since the declaration was made.

             (8)  In determining whether to make an order under subsection (1), the Court need not make a finding about either of the following matters:

                     (a)  which persons are non‑party consumers in relation to the contravening conduct or declared term;

                     (b)  the nature of the loss or damage suffered, or likely to be suffered, by such persons.

When a non‑party consumer is bound by an order etc.

             (9)  If:

                     (a)  an order is made under subsection (1) against a person; and

                     (b)  the loss or damage suffered, or likely to be suffered, by a non‑party consumer in relation to the contravening conduct, or declared term, to which the order relates has been redressed, prevented or reduced in accordance with the order; and

                     (c)  the non‑party consumer has accepted the redress, prevention or reduction;

then:

                     (d)  the non‑party consumer is bound by the order; and

                     (e)  any other order made under subsection (1) that relates to that loss or damage has no effect in relation to the non‑party consumer; and

                      (f)  despite any other provision of this Act or any other law of the Commonwealth, or a State or Territory, no claim, action or demand may be made or taken against the person by the non‑party consumer in relation to that loss or damage.

Other

           (10)  Subsection (1) has effect subject to section 12GNA.

Note:          Section 12GNA may limit the liability, under an order made under subsection (1) of this section, of a person for his or her contravention of section 12DA (which is about misleading or deceptive conduct) or involvement in such a contravention.

           (11)  This section does not apply in relation to contravening conduct that occurred before the commencement of this section.

12GNC  Kinds of orders that may be made to redress loss or damage suffered by non‑party consumers etc.

                   Without limiting subsection 12GNB(1), the orders that the Court may make under that subsection against a person (the respondent) include all or any of the following:

                     (a)  an order declaring the whole or any part of a contract made between the respondent and a non‑party consumer referred to in that subsection, or a collateral arrangement relating to such a contract:

                              (i)  to be void; and

                             (ii)  if the Court thinks fit—to have been void ab initio or void at all times on and after such date as is specified in the order (which may be a date that is before the date on which the order is made);

                     (b)  an order:

                              (i)  varying such a contract or arrangement in such manner as is specified in the order; and

                             (ii)  if the Court thinks fit—declaring the contract or arrangement to have had effect as so varied on and after such date as is specified in the order (which may be a date that is before the date on which the order is made);

                     (c)  an order refusing to enforce any or all of the provisions of such a contract or arrangement;

                     (d)  an order directing the respondent to refund money or return property to a non‑party consumer referred to in that subsection;

                     (e)  an order directing the respondent, at his or her own expense, to repair, or provide parts for, goods that have been supplied under the contract or arrangement to a non‑party consumer referred to in that subsection;

                      (f)  an order directing the respondent, at his or her own expense, to supply specified services to a non‑party consumer referred to in that subsection;

                     (g)  an order, in relation to an instrument creating or transferring an interest in land (within the meaning of section 12DC), directing the respondent to execute an instrument that:

                              (i)  varies, or has the effect of varying, the first‑mentioned instrument; or

                             (ii)  terminates or otherwise affects, or has the effect of terminating or otherwise affecting, the operation or effect of the first‑mentioned instrument.

12GND  Declarations

             (1)  The Court may, on the application of a party to a consumer contract or on the application of ASIC, declare that a term of such a contract is an unfair term.

          (1A)  Subsection (1) does not apply unless the consumer contract is a standard form contract that is:

                     (a)  a financial product; or

                     (b)  a contract for the supply, or possible supply, of services that are financial services.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not limit any other power of the Court to make declarations.

12GO  Intervention by ASIC

             (1)  ASIC may, with the leave of the Court and subject to any conditions imposed by the Court, intervene in any proceeding instituted under this Division.

             (2)  If ASIC intervenes in a proceeding, it is taken to be a party to the proceeding and has all the rights, duties and liabilities of such a party.

Subdivision GAProportionate liability for misleading and deceptive conduct

12GP  Application of Subdivision

             (1)  This Subdivision applies to a claim (an apportionable claim) if the claim is a claim for damages made under section 12GF for:

                     (a)  economic loss; or

                     (b)  damage to property;

caused by conduct that was done in a contravention of section 12DA.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Subdivision, there is a single apportionable claim in proceedings in respect of the same loss or damage even if the claim for the loss or damage is based on more than one cause of action (whether or not of the same or a different kind).

             (3)  In this Subdivision, a concurrent wrongdoer, in relation to a claim, is a person who is one of 2 or more persons whose acts or omissions (or act or omission) caused, independently of each other or jointly, the damage or loss that is the subject of the claim.

             (4)  For the purposes of this Subdivision, apportionable claims are limited to those claims specified in subsection (1).

             (5)  For the purposes of this Subdivision, it does not matter that a concurrent wrongdoer is insolvent, is being wound up or has ceased to exist or died.

12GQ  Certain concurrent wrongdoers not to have benefit of apportionment

             (1)  Nothing in this Subdivision operates to exclude the liability of a concurrent wrongdoer (an excluded concurrent wrongdoer) in proceedings involving an apportionable claim if:

                     (a)  the concurrent wrongdoer intended to cause the economic loss or damage to property that is the subject of the claim; or

                     (b)  the concurrent wrongdoer fraudulently caused the economic loss or damage to property that is the subject of the claim.

             (2)  The liability of an excluded concurrent wrongdoer is to be determined in accordance with the legal rules (if any) that (apart from this Subdivision) are relevant.

             (3)  The liability of any other concurrent wrongdoer who is not an excluded concurrent wrongdoer is to be determined in accordance with the provisions of this Subdivision.

12GR  Proportionate liability for apportionable claims

             (1)  In any proceedings involving an apportionable claim:

                     (a)  the liability of a defendant who is a concurrent wrongdoer in relation to that claim is limited to an amount reflecting that proportion of the damage or loss claimed that the court considers just having regard to the extent of the defendant’s responsibility for the damage or loss; and

                     (b)  the court may give judgment against the defendant for not more than that amount.

             (2)  If the proceedings involve both an apportionable claim and a claim that is not an apportionable claim:

                     (a)  liability for the apportionable claim is to be determined in accordance with the provisions of this Subdivision; and

                     (b)  liability for the other claim is to be determined in accordance with the legal rules, if any, that (apart from this Subdivision) are relevant.

             (3)  In apportioning responsibility between defendants in the proceedings:

                     (a)  the court is to exclude that proportion of the damage or loss in relation to which the plaintiff is contributorily negligent under any relevant law; and

                     (b)  the court may have regard to the comparative responsibility of any concurrent wrongdoer who is not a party to the proceedings.

             (4)  This section applies in proceedings involving an apportionable claim whether or not all concurrent wrongdoers are parties to the proceedings.

             (5)  A reference in this Subdivision to a defendant in proceedings includes any person joined as a defendant or other party in the proceedings (except as a plaintiff) whether joined under this Subdivision, under rules of court or otherwise.

12GS  Defendant to notify plaintiff of concurrent wrongdoer of whom defendant is aware

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a defendant in proceedings involving an apportionable claim has reasonable grounds to believe that a particular person (the other person) may be a concurrent wrongdoer in relation to the claim; and

                     (b)  the defendant fails to give the plaintiff, as soon as practicable, written notice of the information that the defendant has about:

                              (i)  the identity of the other person; and

                             (ii)  the circumstances that may make the other person a concurrent wrongdoer in relation to the claim; and

                     (c)  the plaintiff unnecessarily incurs costs in the proceedings because the plaintiff was not aware that the other person may be a concurrent wrongdoer in relation to the claim;

the court hearing the proceedings may order that the defendant pay all or any of those costs of the plaintiff.

             (2)  The court may order that the costs to be paid by the defendant be assessed on an indemnity basis or otherwise.

12GT  Contribution not recoverable from defendant

                   A defendant against whom judgment is given under this Subdivision as a concurrent wrongdoer in relation to an apportionable claim:

                     (a)  cannot be required to contribute to any damages or contribution recovered from another concurrent wrongdoer in respect of the apportionable claim (whether or not the damages or contribution are recovered in the same proceedings in which judgment is given against the defendant); and

                     (b)  cannot be required to indemnify any such wrongdoer.

12GU  Subsequent actions

             (1)  In relation to an apportionable claim, nothing in this Subdivision or any other law prevents a plaintiff who has previously recovered judgment against a concurrent wrongdoer for an apportionable part of any damage or loss from bringing another action against any other concurrent wrongdoer for that damage or loss.

             (2)  However, in any proceedings in respect of any such action, the plaintiff cannot recover an amount of damages that, having regard to any damages previously recovered by the plaintiff in respect of the damage or loss, would result in the plaintiff receiving compensation for damage or loss that is greater than the damage or loss actually sustained by the plaintiff.

12GV  Joining non‑party concurrent wrongdoer in the action

             (1)  The court may give leave for any one or more persons to be joined as defendants in proceedings involving an apportionable claim.

             (2)  The court is not to give leave for the joinder of any person who was a party to any previously concluded proceedings in respect of the apportionable claim.

12GW  Application of Subdivision

                   Nothing in this Subdivision:

                     (a)  prevents a person being held vicariously liable for a proportion of an apportionable claim for which another person is liable; or

                     (b)  prevents a partner from being held severally liable with another partner for that proportion of an apportionable claim for which the other partner is liable; or

                     (c)  affects the operation of any other Act to the extent that it imposes several liability on any person in respect of what would otherwise be an apportionable claim.

Subdivision GBInfringement notices

12GX  Purpose and effect of this Subdivision

             (1)  The purpose of this Subdivision is to provide for the issue of an infringement notice to a person for an alleged contravention of an infringement notice provision as an alternative to proceedings for an order under section 12GBA.

             (2)  This Subdivision does not:

                     (a)  require an infringement notice to be issued to a person for an alleged contravention of an infringement notice provision; or

                     (b)  affect the liability of a person to proceedings under Subdivision G (sections 12GA to 12GO) in relation to an alleged contravention of an infringement notice provision if:

                              (i)  an infringement notice is not issued to the person for the alleged contravention; or

                             (ii)  an infringement notice issued to a person for the alleged contravention is withdrawn under section 12GXG; or

                     (c)  prevent a Court from imposing a higher penalty than the penalty specified in the infringement notice if the person does not comply with the notice.

12GXA  Issue of an infringement notice

             (1)  If ASIC has reasonable grounds to believe that a person has contravened an infringement notice provision, ASIC may issue an infringement notice to the person.

             (2)  ASIC must not issue more than one infringement notice to the person for the same alleged contravention of the infringement notice provision.

             (3)  The infringement notice does not have any effect if the notice:

                     (a)  is issued more than 12 months after the day on which the contravention of the infringement notice provision is alleged to have occurred; or

                     (b)  relates to more than one alleged contravention of an infringement notice provision by the person.

12GXB  Matters to be included in an infringement notice

                   An infringement notice must:

                     (a)  be identified by a unique number; and

                     (b)  state the day on which it is issued; and

                     (c)  state the name and address of the person to whom it is issued; and

                     (d)  state that it is being issued by ASIC; and

                     (e)  state how ASIC may be contacted; and

                      (f)  give details of the alleged contravention by the person, including:

                              (i)  the date of the alleged contravention; and

                             (ii)  the particular infringement notice provision that was allegedly contravened; and

                     (g)  state the maximum pecuniary penalty that the Court could order the person to pay under section 12GBA for the alleged contravention; and

                     (h)  specify the penalty that is payable in relation to the alleged contravention; and

                      (i)  state that the penalty is payable within the infringement notice compliance period for the notice; and

                      (j)  state that the penalty is payable to ASIC on behalf of the Commonwealth; and

                     (k)  explain how payment of the penalty is to be made; and

                      (l)  explain the effect of sections 12GXD, 12GXE, 12GXF and 12GXG.

12GXC  Amount of penalty

                   The penalty to be specified in an infringement notice that is to be issued to a person must be a pecuniary penalty equal to the number of penalty units worked out using the following table:

 

Number of penalty units

Item

If the infringement notice is for an alleged contravention of ...

the number of penalty units is ...

2

a provision of Subdivision C or D (other than section 12DA, section 12DE, subsection 12DG(1) or section 12DI or 12DM)

(a) if the person is a body corporate–60; or

(b) if the person is not a body corporate–12.

3

section 12GYB

(a) if the person is a body corporate–30; or

(b) if the person is not a body corporate–6.

4

section 12GYC

(a) if the person is a body corporate–50; or

(b) if the person is not a body corporate–10.

12GXD  Effect of compliance with an infringement notice

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  an infringement notice for an alleged contravention of an infringement notice provision is issued to a person; and

                     (b)  the person pays the penalty specified in the infringement notice within the infringement notice compliance period and in accordance with the notice; and

                     (c)  the infringement notice is not withdrawn under section 12GXG.

             (2)  The person is not, merely because of the payment, regarded as:

                     (a)  having contravened the infringement notice provision; or

                     (b)  having been convicted of an offence constituted by the same conduct that constituted the alleged contravention of the infringement notice provision.

             (3)  No proceedings (whether criminal or civil) may be started or continued against the person by, or on behalf of, the Commonwealth or ASIC in relation to:

                     (a)  the alleged contravention of the infringement notice provision; or

                     (b)  an offence constituted by the same conduct that constituted the alleged contravention.

12GXE  Effect of failure to comply with an infringement notice

                   If:

                     (a)  an infringement notice for an alleged contravention of an infringement notice provision is issued to a person; and

                     (b)  the person fails to pay the penalty specified in the infringement notice within the infringement notice compliance period and in accordance with the notice; and

                     (c)  the infringement notice is not withdrawn under section 12GXG;

the person is liable to proceedings under Subdivision G (sections 12GA to 12GO) in relation to the alleged contravention of the infringement notice provision.

12GXF  Infringement notice compliance period for infringement notice

             (1)  Subject to this section, the infringement notice compliance period for an infringement notice is a period of 28 days beginning on the day after the day on which the infringement notice is issued.

             (2)  ASIC may extend, by notice in writing, the infringement notice compliance period for the infringement notice if ASIC is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so.

             (3)  Only one extension may be given and the extension must not be for longer than 28 days.

             (4)  Notice of the extension must be given to the person who was issued the infringement notice.

             (5)  A failure to comply with subsection (4) does not affect the validity of the extension.

             (6)  If ASIC extends the infringement notice compliance period for an infringement notice, a reference in this Act to the infringement notice compliance period for an infringement notice is taken to be a reference to the infringement notice compliance period as so extended.

12GXG  Withdrawal of an infringement notice

Representations to ASIC

             (1)  The person to whom an infringement notice has been issued for an alleged contravention of an infringement notice provision may make written representations to ASIC seeking the withdrawal of the infringement notice.

             (2)  Evidence or information that the person, or a representative of the person, gives to ASIC in the course of making representations under subsection (1) is not admissible in evidence against the person or representative in any proceedings (other than proceedings for an offence based on the evidence or information given being false or misleading).

Withdrawal by ASIC

             (3)  ASIC may, by written notice (the withdrawal notice) given to a person who has been issued an infringement notice for an alleged contravention of an infringement notice provision, withdraw the infringement notice if ASIC is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so.

             (4)  Subsection (3) applies whether or not the person has made representations seeking the withdrawal.

Content of withdrawal notices

             (5)  The withdrawal notice must state:

                     (a)  the name and address of the person; and

                     (b)  the day on which the infringement notice was issued to the person; and

                     (c)  that the infringement notice is withdrawn; and

                     (d)  that proceedings under Subdivision G (sections 12GA to 12GO) may be started or continued against the person in relation to:

                              (i)  the alleged contravention of the infringement notice provision; or

                             (ii)  an offence constituted by the same conduct that constituted the alleged contravention.

Time limit for giving withdrawal notices

             (6)  To be effective, the withdrawal notice must be given to the person within the infringement notice compliance period for the infringement notice.

Refunds

             (7)  If the infringement notice is withdrawn after the person has paid the penalty specified in the infringement notice, ASIC must refund to the person an amount equal to the amount paid.

Subdivision GCSubstantiation notices

12GY  ASIC may require claims to be substantiated etc.

             (1)  This section applies if a person has made a claim or representation promoting, or apparently intended to promote, a supply, or possible supply, of financial services by that or any other person.

             (2)  ASIC may give the person who has made the claim or representation a written notice that requires the person to do one or more of the following:

                     (a)  give information and/or produce documents to ASIC that could be capable of substantiating or supporting the claim or representation;

                     (b)  give information and/or produce documents to ASIC that could be capable of substantiating:

                              (i)  the quantities in which; and

                             (ii)  the period for which;

                            the person is or will be able to make a supply to which the claim or representation relates (whether or not the claim or representation relates to those quantities or that period);

                     (c)  give information and/or produce documents to ASIC that are of a kind specified in the notice;

within 21 days after the notice is given to the person.

             (3)  Any kind of information or documents that ASIC specifies under paragraph (2)(c) must be a kind that ASIC is satisfied is relevant to:

                     (a)  substantiating or supporting the claim or representation; or

                     (b)  substantiating the quantities in which, or the period for which, the person is or will be able to make such a supply.

             (4)  The notice must:

                     (a)  name the person to whom it is given; and

                     (b)  specify the claim or representation to which it relates; and

                     (c)  explain the effect of sections 12GYA, 12GYB and 12GYC.

             (5)  The notice may relate to more than one claim or representation that the person has made.

             (6)  This section does not apply to a person in relation to a claim or representation made by the person if the person:

                     (a)  is a prescribed information provider within the meaning of section 12DN; and

                     (b)  made the claim or representation by publishing it on behalf of another person in the course of carrying on a business of providing information; and

                     (c)  does not have a commercial relationship with the other person other than for the purpose of:

                              (i)  publishing claims or representations promoting, or apparently intended to promote, the other person’s business or other activities; or

                             (ii)  the other person supplying financial services to the person.

12GYA  Extending periods for complying with substantiation notices

             (1)  A person who has been given a substantiation notice may, at any time within 21 days after the notice was given to the person, apply in writing to ASIC for an extension of the period for complying with the notice.

             (2)  ASIC may, by written notice given to the person, extend the period within which the person must comply with the notice.

12GYB  Compliance with substantiation notices

             (1)  A person who is given a substantiation notice must comply with it within the substantiation notice compliance period for the notice.

             (2)  The substantiation notice compliance period for a substantiation notice is:

                     (a)  the period of 21 days specified in the notice; or

                     (b)  if the period for complying with the notice has been extended under section 12GYA—the period as so extended.

             (3)  Despite subsection (1), an individual may refuse or fail to give particular information or produce a particular document in compliance with a substantiation notice on the ground that the information or production of the document might tend to incriminate the individual or to expose the individual to a penalty.

12GYC  False or misleading information etc.

             (1)  A person must not, in compliance or purported compliance with a substantiation notice:

                     (a)  give to ASIC false or misleading information; or

                     (b)  produce to ASIC documents that contain false or misleading information.

             (2)  This section does not apply to:

                     (a)  information that the person could not have known was false or misleading; or

                     (b)  the production to ASIC of a document containing false or misleading information if the document is accompanied by a statement of the person that the information is false or misleading.

Subdivision HMiscellaneous

12HA  Relationship of this Subdivision to Part 3

             (1)  The powers (and any restrictions on them) in this Subdivision are in addition to any powers ASIC has under Part 3 when investigating a contravention, or suspected contravention, of a provision of this Division. The powers may be used only when ASIC is so investigating.

             (2)  For the purposes of Part 3, an exercise of a power in this Subdivision is taken to be an exercise of that power under, or for the purposes of, Part 3.

12HB  Disclosure of documents by ASIC

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a proceeding is instituted against a person under section 12GD; or

                     (b)  an application is made under section 12GLA or 12GLB or subsection 12GM(2), 12GN(1) or 12GNB(1) for an order against a person;

ASIC must, at the request of the person and upon payment of the prescribed fee (if any), give to the person:

                     (c)  a copy of every document that has been given to, or obtained by, ASIC in connection with the matter to which the application, notice or proceeding relates and tends to establish the case of the person; and

                     (d)  a copy of any other document in ASIC’s possession that comes to ASIC’s attention in connection with the matter to which the application, notice or proceeding relates and tends to establish the case of the person;

not being a document obtained from the person or prepared by an officer or professional adviser of ASIC.

             (2)  If ASIC does not comply with a request under subsection (1), the Court must, subject to subsection (3), upon application by the person who made the request, make an order directing ASIC to comply with the request.

             (3)  The Court may refuse to make an order under subsection (2) in respect of a document or part of a document if the Court considers it inappropriate to make the order by reason that the disclosure of the contents of the document or part of the document would prejudice any person, or for any other reason.

             (4)  Before the Court gives a decision on an application under subsection (2), the Court may require any documents to be produced to it for inspection.

             (5)  An order under this section may be expressed to be subject to conditions specified in the order.

12HC  Prosecutions

             (1)  Prosecutions for offences:

                     (a)  against this Division; or

                     (b)  against Part 3 in its application in relation to an investigation of a contravention of this Division;

must be brought only in the Court.

             (2)  Jurisdiction is conferred on the Court to hear and determine such prosecutions.

             (3)  Proceedings before the Court under this section, other than proceedings instituted by:

                     (a)  ASIC; or

                     (b)  a person authorised in writing by ASIC;

must not be instituted except with the consent in writing of the Minister or of a person authorised by the Minister in writing to give such consents.

12HD  Jurisdiction of Court to make declarations and orders

             (1)  Subject to this section, a person may institute a proceeding in the Court seeking, in relation to a matter arising under this Division or under Part 3 in its application in relation to an investigation of a contravention of this Division, the making of:

                     (a)  a declaration in relation to the operation or effect of any provision of:

                              (i)  this Division other than the provisions of Subdivision E (sections 12EA to 12ED); or

                             (ii)  Part 3 as so applying; or

                     (b)  a declaration in relation to the validity of any act or thing done, proposed to be done or purporting to have been done, under this Division or Part 3 as so applying; or

                     (c)  an order by way of, or in the nature of, prohibition, certiorari or mandamus;

or both such a declaration and such an order, and the Court has jurisdiction to hear and determine the proceeding.

             (2)  The Minister may institute a proceeding in the Court under this section and may intervene in any proceeding instituted in the Court under this section or in a proceeding instituted in any other court in which a party is seeking the making of a declaration or an order of a kind mentioned in subsection (1).

             (3)  In this section, proceeding includes a cross‑proceeding.

Part 3Investigations and information‑gathering

Division 1Investigations

13  General powers of investigation

             (1)  ASIC may make such investigation as it thinks expedient for the due administration of the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions) where it has reason to suspect that there may have been committed:

                     (a)  a contravention of the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions); or

                     (b)  a contravention of a law of the Commonwealth, or of a State or Territory in this jurisdiction, being a contravention that:

                              (i)  concerns the management or affairs of a body corporate or managed investment scheme; or

                             (ii)  involves fraud or dishonesty and relates to a body corporate or managed investment scheme or to financial products.

             (2)  Where ASIC has reason to suspect that unacceptable circumstances within the meaning of Subdivision B of Division 2 of Part 6.10 of the Corporations Act have, or may have, occurred, ASIC may make such investigation as it thinks expedient:

                     (a)  for the purposes of determining whether or not to make an application under section 657C of that Act; or

                     (b)  otherwise for the due administration of the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions).

             (3)  If ASIC has reason to suspect that a liquidator registered under Division 2 of Part 9.2 of the Corporations Act:

                     (a)  has not, or may not have, faithfully performed his or her duties; or

                     (b)  is not, or may not be, faithfully performing his or her duties;

ASIC may make such investigation as it thinks expedient for the due administration of the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions).

             (6)  If ASIC has reason to suspect that a contravention of a provision of Division 2 of Part 2 may have been committed, ASIC may make such investigation as it thinks appropriate.

14  Minister may direct investigations

             (1)  Where, in the Minister’s opinion, it is in the public interest in respect of this jurisdiction for a particular matter to which subsection (2) applies to be investigated, he or she may by writing direct ASIC to investigate that matter.

             (2)  This subsection applies to a matter relating to any of the following:

                     (a)  an alleged or suspected contravention of the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions);

                     (b)  an alleged or suspected contravention of a law of the Commonwealth, or of a State or Territory in this jurisdiction, being a contravention that:

                              (i)  concerns the management or affairs of a body corporate; or

                             (ii)  involves fraud or dishonesty and relates to a body corporate or financial products;

                     (c)  the affairs, or particular affairs, of a corporation;

                     (d)  dealing in financial products;

                      (f)  the establishment or conducting of a financial market;

                     (g)  the provision of a clearing and settlement facility;

                    (ga)  the provision of a derivative trade repository;

                      (j)  the giving of advice, analyses or reports about financial products;

                     (k)  the provision of compensation arrangements for a financial market.

             (3)  ASIC must comply with a direction under subsection (1).

             (4)  A direction under subsection (1) does not prevent ASIC from delegating a function or power.

15  Investigation after report of receiver or liquidator

                   If a report has been lodged under section 422 or 533 of the Corporations Act, ASIC may investigate a matter to which the report relates for the purpose of determining whether or not a person ought to be prosecuted for an offence against the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions).

16  Interim report on investigation

             (1)  Where, in the course of an investigation under this Division, ASIC forms the opinion that:

                     (a)  a serious contravention of a law of the Commonwealth, or of a State or Territory in this jurisdiction, has been committed; or

                     (b)  to prepare an interim report about the investigation would enable or assist the protection, preservation or prompt recovery of property; or

                     (c)  there is an urgent need for the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions) to be amended;

it must prepare an interim report that relates to the investigation and sets out:

                     (d)  if paragraph (a) applies—its findings about the contravention, and the evidence and other material on which those findings are based; or

                     (e)  if paragraph (b) applies—such matters as, in its opinion, will so enable or assist; or

                      (f)  if paragraph (c) applies—its opinion about amendment of that legislation, and its reasons for that opinion;

and such other matters relating to, or arising out of, the investigation as it thinks fit.

             (2)  ASIC may prepare an interim report about an investigation under this Division and must do so if the Minister so directs.

             (3)  A report under subsection (2) must set out such matters relating to, or arising out of, the investigation as ASIC thinks fit or the Minister directs.

17  Final report on investigation

             (1)  At the end of an investigation under section 13 or 15, ASIC may prepare a report about the investigation and must do so if the Minister so directs.

             (2)  At the end of an investigation under section 14, ASIC must prepare a report about the investigation.

             (3)  A report under this section must set out:

                     (a)  ASIC’s findings about the matters investigated; and

                     (b)  the evidence and other material on which those findings are based; and

                     (c)  such other matters relating to, or arising out of, the investigation as ASIC thinks fit or the Minister directs.

18  Distribution of report

             (1)  As soon as practicable after preparing a report under this Division, ASIC must give a copy of the report to the Minister.

             (2)  Where a report, or part of a report, under this Division relates to a serious contravention of a law of the Commonwealth, or of a State or Territory in this jurisdiction, ASIC may give a copy of the whole or a part of the report to:

                     (a)  the Australian Federal Police; or

                     (b)  the Chief Executive Officer of the Australian Crime Commission or a member of the staff of the ACC (within the meaning of the Australian Crime Commission Act 2002); or

                     (c)  the Director of Public Prosecutions; or

                     (d)  a prescribed agency.

             (3)  Where a report, or part of a report, under this Division relates to a person’s affairs to a material extent, ASIC may, at the person’s request or of its own motion, give to the person a copy of the report or of part of the report.

             (4)  The Minister may cause the whole or a part of a report under this Division to be printed and published.

Division 2Examination of persons

19  Notice requiring appearance for examination

             (1)  This section applies where ASIC, on reasonable grounds, suspects or believes that a person can give information relevant to a matter that it is investigating, or is to investigate, under Division 1.

             (2)  ASIC may, by written notice in the prescribed form given to the person, require the person:

                     (a)  to give to ASIC all reasonable assistance in connection with the investigation; and

                     (b)  to appear before a specified member or staff member for examination on oath and to answer questions.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 63).

             (3)  A notice given under subsection (2) must:

                     (a)  state the general nature of the matter referred to in subsection (1); and

                     (b)  set out the effect of subsection 23(1) and section 68.

20  Proceedings at examination

                   The remaining provisions of this Division apply where, pursuant to a requirement made under section 19 for the purposes of an investigation under Division 1, a person (in this Division called the examinee) appears before another person (in this Division called the inspector) for examination.

21  Requirements made of examinee

             (1)  The inspector may examine the examinee on oath or affirmation and may, for that purpose:

                     (a)  require the examinee to either take an oath or make an affirmation; and

                     (b)  administer an oath or affirmation to the examinee.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 63).

          (1A)  An offence under subsection 63(3) relating to subsection (1) of this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (2)  The oath or affirmation to be taken or made by the examinee for the purposes of the examination is an oath or affirmation that the statements that the examinee will make will be true.

             (3)  The inspector may require the examinee to answer a question that is put to the examinee at the examination and is relevant to a matter that ASIC is investigating, or is to investigate, under Division 1.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 63).

22  Examination to take place in private

             (1)  The examination must take place in private and the inspector may give directions about who may be present during it, or during a part of it.

             (2)  A person must not be present at the examination unless he or she:

                     (a)  is the inspector, the examinee or a member; or

                     (b)  is a staff member approved by ASIC; or

                     (c)  is entitled to be present by virtue of:

                              (i)  a direction under subsection (1); or

                             (ii)  subsection 23(1).

Penalty:  10 penalty units or imprisonment for 3 months, or both.

             (3)  Subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

23  Examinee’s lawyer may attend

             (1)  The examinee’s lawyer may be present at the examination and may, at such times during it as the inspector determines:

                     (a)  address the inspector; and

                     (b)  examine the examinee;

about matters about which the inspector has examined the examinee.

             (2)  If, in the inspector’s opinion, a person is trying to obstruct the examination by exercising rights under subsection (1), the inspector may require the person to stop addressing the inspector, or examining the examinee, as the case requires.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 63).

             (3)  An offence under subsection 63(4) relating to subsection (2) of this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

24  Record of examination

             (1)  The inspector may, and must if the examinee so requests, cause a record to be made of statements made at the examination.

             (2)  If a record made under subsection (1) is in writing or is reduced to writing:

                     (a)  the inspector may require the examinee to read it, or to have it read to him or her, and may require him or her to sign it; and

                     (b)  the inspector must, if requested in writing by the examinee to give to the examinee a copy of the written record, comply with the request without charge but subject to such conditions (if any) as the inspector imposes.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 63).

             (3)  An offence under subsection 63(3) relating to paragraph (2)(a) of this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

25  Giving to other persons copies of record

             (1)  ASIC may give a copy of a written record of the examination, or such a copy together with a copy of any related book, to a person’s lawyer if the lawyer satisfies ASIC that the person is carrying on, or is contemplating in good faith, a proceeding in respect of a matter to which the examination related.

             (2)  If ASIC gives a copy to a person under subsection (1), the person, or any other person who has possession, custody or control of the copy or a copy of it, must not, except in connection with preparing, beginning or carrying on, or in the course of, a proceeding:

                     (a)  use the copy or a copy of it; or

                     (b)  publish, or communicate to a person, the copy, a copy of it, or any part of the copy’s contents.

Penalty:  10 penalty units or imprisonment for 3 months, or both.

          (2A)  Subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (3)  ASIC may, subject to such conditions (if any) as it imposes, give to a person a copy of a written record of the examination, or such a copy together with a copy of any related book.

26  Copies given subject to conditions

             (1)  If a copy is given to a person under subsection 24(2) or 25(3) subject to conditions, the person, and any other person who has possession, custody or control of the copy or a copy of it, must comply with the conditions.

Penalty:  10 penalty units or imprisonment for 3 months, or both.

             (2)  Subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

27  Record to accompany report

             (1)  If a report about the investigation referred to in section 20 is prepared under section 17, each record (if any) of the examination must accompany the report.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  in ASIC’s opinion, a statement made at an examination is relevant to any other investigation under Division 1; and

                     (b)  a record of the statement was made under section 24; and

                     (c)  a report about the other investigation is prepared under section 17;

a copy of the record must accompany the report.

Division 3Inspection of books and audit information‑gathering powers

28  When certain powers may be exercised

                   A power conferred by this Division (other than sections 29, 30A, 35, 36 and 39A) may only be exercised:

                     (a)  for the purposes of the performance or exercise of any of ASIC’s functions and powers under the corporations legislation; or

                     (b)  for the purposes of ensuring compliance with the corporations legislation; or

                     (c)  in relation to:

                              (i)  an alleged or suspected contravention of the corporations legislation; or

                             (ii)  an alleged or suspected contravention of a law of the Commonwealth, or of a State or Territory in this jurisdiction, being a contravention that concerns the management or affairs of a body corporate, or involves fraud or dishonesty and relates to a body corporate or financial products; or

                     (d)  for the purposes of an investigation under Division 1.

29  ASIC may inspect books without charge

             (1)  A book that the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions) requires a person to keep must be open for inspection (without charge) by a person authorised in writing by ASIC.

             (2)  A person authorised under this section may require a person in whose possession the book is to make the book available for inspection by the first‑mentioned person.

          (2A)  An offence under subsection 63(3) relating to subsection (2) of this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (3)  An authorisation under this section may be of general application or may be limited by reference to the books to be inspected.

30  Notice to produce books about affairs of body corporate or registered scheme

             (1)  ASIC may give to:

                     (a)  a body corporate that is not an exempt public authority; or

                     (b)  an eligible person in relation to such a body corporate;

a written notice requiring the production to a specified member or staff member, at a specified place and time, of specified books relating to affairs of the body.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 63).

             (2)  ASIC may give to:

                     (a)  the responsible entity of a registered scheme; or

                     (b)  an eligible person in relation to the responsible entity;

a written notice requiring the production to a specified member or staff member, at a specified place and time, of specified books relating to the operation of the scheme.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 63).

30A  Notice to auditors concerning information and books

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), ASIC may give an Australian auditor a written notice requiring the auditor:

                     (a)  to give specified information; or

                     (b)  to produce specified books;

to a specified member or staff member at a specified place and time.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 63).

             (2)  The power in subsection (1) may only be exercised:

                     (a)  for the purposes of the performance or exercise of any of ASIC’s functions and powers relating to:

                              (i)  audit‑related matters (Corporations Act audit requirements) under Chapter 2M or Part 9.2 or 9.2A of the Corporations Act or under other provisions of that Act that relate to that Chapter or that Part; or

                            (ia)  audit‑related matters (ACNC audit requirements) under the Australian Charities and Not‑for‑profits Commission Act 2012; or

                             (ii)  audit requirements (overseas audit requirements) referred to in subsection 11(10); or

                     (b)  for the purposes of:

                              (i)  ascertaining compliance with Corporations Act audit requirements or ACNC audit requirements; or

                             (ii)  assisting in ascertaining compliance with overseas audit requirements; or

                     (c)  in relation to:

                              (i)  an alleged or suspected contravention of Corporations Act audit requirements or ACNC audit requirements; or

                             (ii)  an alleged or suspected contravention of a law of the Commonwealth, or of a State or Territory in this jurisdiction, being a contravention that relates to an audit matter and that either concerns the management or affairs of a body corporate or involves fraud or dishonesty and relates to a body corporate; or

                     (d)  for the purposes of an investigation under Division 1 relating to a contravention referred to in paragraph (c).

             (3)  Without limiting subsection (1), a notice under that subsection may specify information or books that relate to any or all of the following:

                     (a)  the policies relating to audit that the auditor has adopted or proposes to adopt, or the procedures relating to audit that the auditor has put in place or proposes to put in place;

                     (b)  audits the auditor has conducted or proposes to conduct or in which the auditor has participated or proposes to participate;

                     (c)  any other matter pertaining to audit that is prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph.

Note:          A person responding to a notice under subsection (1) has qualified privilege in respect of the response (see section 1289 of the Corporations Act).

             (4)  Without limiting subsection (1), a notice under that subsection may require the auditor to give information or produce books even if doing so would involve a breach of an obligation of confidentiality that the auditor owes an audited body.

             (5)  ASIC may, by written notice to an Australian auditor who has received a notice under subsection (1), extend the period within which the auditor must give the information or produce the books to which the notice under that subsection relates.

31  Notice to produce books about financial products

             (1)  ASIC may give to:

                     (a)  the operator of a financial market, clearing and settlement facility or derivative trade repository; or

                     (b)  a member of the board of the operator of a financial market, clearing and settlement facility or derivative trade repository; or

                     (c)  a person who either carries on or has carried on (either alone or together with any other person or persons) a financial services business, or who is a representative of such a person; or

                     (d)  a nominee controlled by a person of a kind referred to in paragraph (c) or jointly controlled by 2 or more persons at least one of whom is such a person; or

                     (e)  an eligible person in relation to a person of a kind referred to in paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (d); or

                      (f)  any other person who, in ASIC’s opinion, has been a party to a dealing in financial products;

a written notice requiring the production to a specified member or staff member, at a specified place and time, of specified books relating to:

                     (g)  the business or affairs of a financial market, clearing and settlement facility or derivative trade repository; or

                     (h)  a dealing in financial products; or

                      (j)  advice given, or an analysis or report issued or published, about financial products; or

                     (k)  the character or financial position of, or a business carried on by, a person of a kind referred to in paragraph (c) or (d); or

                    (m)  an audit of, or a report of an auditor about, a dealing in financial products or accounts or records of a person who either carries on or has carried on (either alone or together with any other person or persons) a financial services business, or who is a representative of such a person.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 63).

             (2)  A reference in subsection (1) to a dealing in financial products, or to a business carried on by a person, includes a reference to a dealing in financial products by a person as a trustee, or to a business carried on by a person as a trustee, as the case may be.

32A  Notice to produce books about financial services

                   For the purposes of Division 2 of Part 2, ASIC may give to:

                     (a)  a person who supplies, or has supplied, a financial service; or

                     (b)  an eligible person in relation to that person;

a written notice requiring the production to a specified member or staff member, at a specified place and time, of specified books relating to:

                     (c)  the supply of the financial service; or

                     (d)  the financial service.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this section is an offence (see section 63).

33  Notice to produce documents in person’s possession

             (1)  ASIC may give to a person a written notice requiring the production to a specified member or staff member, at a specified place and time, of specified books that are in the first‑mentioned person’s possession and relate to:

                     (a)  affairs of a body corporate; or

                   (ab)  affairs of a registered scheme; or

                     (b)  a matter referred to in any of paragraphs 31(1)(g) to (m), inclusive; or

                     (c)  a matter referred to in paragraph 32A(c) or (d).

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this section is an offence (see section 63).

             (2)  ASIC may give to a person a written notice requiring the production to a specified member or staff member, at a specified place and time, of specified books that are in the person’s possession and that relate to the question whether an auditor has complied with Corporations Act audit requirements, ACNC audit requirements, or overseas audit requirements, within the meaning of subsection 30A(2).

34  ASIC may authorise persons to require production of books, giving of information etc.

             (1)  ASIC may by writing authorise a member or staff member to make a requirement of a kind that this Division empowers ASIC to make.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 63).

             (2)  An authorisation under this section may be of general application or may be limited by reference to all or any of the following:

                     (a)  the persons of whom requirements may be made;

                     (b)  the books that may be required to be produced;

                     (c)  the information that may be required to be given.

             (3)  Where an authorisation of a person is in force under this section, the person may make a requirement in accordance with the authorisation as if, in sections 30, 30A, 31, 32A and 33:

                     (a)  a reference to ASIC were a reference to the person; and

                     (b)  a reference to specified books were a reference to books that the person specifies, whether in the requirement or not and whether orally or in writing, to the person of whom the requirement is made; and

                     (c)  a reference to specified information were a reference to information that the person specifies, whether in the requirement or not and whether orally or in writing, to the person of whom the requirement is made; and

                     (d)  a reference to giving or producing to a specified person were a reference to giving or producing to the first‑mentioned person.

35  Application for warrant to seize books

             (1)  Where a member or staff member has reasonable grounds to suspect that there are, or may be within the next 3 days, on particular premises in Australia, books whose production could be required under this Division, he or she may:

                     (a)  lay before a magistrate an information on oath or affirmation setting out those grounds; and

                     (b)  apply for the issue of a warrant to search the premises for those books.

             (2)  On an application under this section, the magistrate may require further information to be given, either orally or by affidavit, in connection with the application.

36  Grant of warrant

             (1)  This section applies where, on an application under section 35, the magistrate is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds to suspect that there are, or may be within the next 3 days, on particular premises, particular books whose production could be required under this Division.

             (2)  The magistrate may issue a warrant authorising a member of the Australian Federal Police, whether or not named in the warrant, together with any person so named, with such assistance, and by such force, as is necessary and reasonable:

                     (a)  to enter on or into the premises; and

                     (b)  to search the premises; and

                     (c)  to break open and search anything, whether a fixture or not, in or on the premises; and

                     (d)  to take possession of, or secure against interference, books that appear to be any or all of those books.

             (3)  If the magistrate issues such a warrant, he or she must set out on the information laid before him or her under subsection 35(2) for the purposes of the application:

                     (a)  which of the grounds set out in the information; and

                     (b)  particulars of any other grounds;

he or she has relied on to justify the issue of the warrant.

             (4)  A warrant under this section must:

                     (a)  specify the premises and books referred to in subsection (1); and

                     (b)  state whether entry is authorised to be made at any time of the day or night or only during specified hours; and

                     (c)  state that the warrant ceases to have effect on a specified day that is not more than 7 days after the day of issue of the warrant.

36A  Execution of warrant

             (1)  Before any person enters premises under a search warrant issued under section 36, a member of the Australian Federal Police must:

                     (a)  announce that the member is authorised to enter the premises; and

                     (b)  give any person at the premises an opportunity to allow entry to the premises.

             (2)  However, the member of the Australian Federal Police is not required to comply with subsection (1) if he or she believes on reasonable grounds that immediate entry to the premises is required to ensure that the effective execution of the warrant is not frustrated.

             (3)  If the occupier of the premises is present at the premises:

                     (a)  the member of the Australian Federal Police must make available to the occupier a copy of the warrant; and

                     (b)  the occupier is entitled to observe the search being conducted.

             (4)  The occupier’s right to observe the search being conducted ends if the occupier impedes the search.

             (5)  This section does not prevent 2 or more areas of the premises being searched at the same time.

             (6)  If books are seized under the warrant, the member of the Australian Federal Police or a person assisting the member must provide a receipt for the books.

             (7)  If 2 or more books are seized, they may be covered in the one receipt.

37  Powers where books produced or seized

             (1)  This section applies where:

                     (a)  books are produced to a person under a requirement made under this Division; or

                     (b)  under a warrant issued under section 36, a person:

                              (i)  takes possession of books; or

                             (ii)  secures books against interference; or

                     (c)  by virtue of a previous application of subsection (8) of this section, books are delivered into a person’s possession.

             (2)  If paragraph (1)(a) applies, the person may take possession of any of the books.

             (3)  The person may inspect, and may make copies of, or take extracts from, any of the books.

             (4)  The person may use, or permit the use of, any of the books for the purposes of a proceeding.

             (5)  The person may retain possession of any of the books for so long as is necessary:

                     (a)  for the purposes of exercising a power conferred by this section (other than this subsection and subsection (7)); or

                     (b)  for any of the purposes referred to in paragraphs 28(a), (b) and (d) or 30A(2)(a), (b) and (d), as the case requires; or

                     (c)  except in the case of books required to be produced for a purpose specified in subparagraph 30A(2)(a)(ii) or 30A(2)(b)(ii)—for a decision to be made about whether or not a proceeding to which the books concerned would be relevant should be begun; or

                     (d)  for such a proceeding to be begun and carried on.

             (6)  No‑one is entitled, as against the person, to claim a lien on any of the books, but such a lien is not otherwise prejudiced.

             (7)  While the books are in the person’s possession, the person:

                     (a)  must permit another person to inspect at all reasonable times such (if any) of the books as the other person would be entitled to inspect if they were not in the first‑mentioned person’s possession; and

                     (b)  may permit another person to inspect any of the books.

             (8)  Unless subparagraph (1)(b)(ii) applies, the person may deliver any of the books into the possession of ASIC or of a person authorised by it to receive them.

             (9)  If paragraph (1)(a) or (b) applies, the person, or a person into whose possession the person delivers any of the books under subsection (8), may require:

                     (a)  if paragraph (1)(a) applies—a person who so produced any of the books; or

                     (b)  in any case—a person who was a party to the compilation of any of the books;

to explain any matter about the compilation of any of the books or to which any of the books relate.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 63).

           (10)  In this section:

proceeding includes:

                     (a)  in relation to a contravention of Division 2 of Part 2—a proceeding under a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory; and

                     (b)  otherwise—a proceeding under a law of the Commonwealth, or of a State or Territory in this jurisdiction.

38  Powers where books not produced

                   Where a person fails to produce particular books in compliance with a requirement made by another person under this Division, the other person may require the first‑mentioned person to state:

                     (a)  where the books may be found; and

                     (b)  who last had possession, custody or control of the books and where that person may be found.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this section is an offence (see section 63).

39  Power to require person to identify property of body corporate

                   A person who has power under this Division to require another person to produce books relating to affairs of a body corporate may, whether or not that power is exercised, require the other person:

                     (a)  to identify property of the body; and

                     (b)  to explain how the body has kept account of that property.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this section is an offence (see section 63).

39A  ASIC may give copy of book relating to registered scheme to another person

             (1)  ASIC may, subject to such conditions (if any) as it imposes, give to a person a copy of any book in its possession that relates to a registered scheme.

             (2)  If a copy of a book is given to a person under subsection (1) subject to conditions, the person, and any other person who has possession, custody or control of the copy or a copy of it, must comply with the conditions.

Penalty:  10 penalty units or imprisonment for 3 months, or both.

39B  ASIC to notify foreign regulator’s access to information or books

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  an Australian auditor gives information or produces books because of a requirement made under subsection 30A(1) for purposes referred to in subparagraph 30A(2)(a)(ii) or 30A(2)(b)(ii); or

                     (b)  books specified in such a requirement are obtained from an Australian auditor under a warrant issued under section 36; or

                     (c)  a person gives information or produces books that relate to the question whether an auditor has complied with overseas audit requirements within the meaning of subsection 30A(2) because of a requirement made under subsection 33(2); or

                     (d)  such books are obtained from a person under a warrant issued under section 36.

             (2)  If ASIC gives the information or books, or copies of the books, to a regulatory body with which it has entered into an agreement or arrangement under subsection 11(10), ASIC must, within 14 days of doing so, notify the Australian auditor or person in writing of the details of the information or books, or copies, given.

Division 4Requirements to disclose information

40  When certain powers may be exercised

                   A power conferred by section 41 or 42 may only be exercised:

                     (a)  for the purposes of the performance or exercise of any of ASIC’s functions and powers under the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions); or

                     (b)  for the purposes of ensuring compliance with the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions); or

                     (c)  in relation to:

                              (i)  an alleged or suspected contravention of the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions); or

                             (ii)  an alleged or suspected contravention of a law of the Commonwealth, or of a State or Territory in this jurisdiction, being a contravention that concerns the management or affairs of a body corporate, or involves fraud or dishonesty and relates to a body corporate or financial products; or

                            (iii)  an alleged or suspected contravention, by a trustee company, of a law of the Commonwealth, or of a State or Territory, being a contravention that involves fraud or dishonesty and that relates to trust property; or

                     (d)  for the purposes of an investigation under Division 1.

41  Acquisitions and disposals of financial products

             (1)  ASIC may require a person who carries on a financial services business to disclose to it, in relation to an acquisition or disposal of financial products:

                    (aa)  whether the acquisition or disposal was effected on another person’s behalf and, if so:

                              (i)  the name of the other person; and

                             (ii)  the nature of the instructions given to the person who carries on a financial services business in relation to the dealing; or

                     (a)  the name of the person from or through whom the financial products were acquired; or

                     (b)  the name of the person to or through whom the financial products were disposed;

as the case may be, and the nature of the instructions given to the person who carries on a financial services business in relation to the acquisition or disposal.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 63).

             (2)  ASIC may require a person to disclose to it, in relation to an acquisition or disposal of financial products by the person, whether or not the person acquired or disposed of the financial products as trustee for, or for or on behalf of, another person, and, if so:

                     (a)  the name of the other person; and

                     (b)  the nature of any instructions given to the first‑mentioned person in relation to the acquisition or disposal.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 63).

             (3)  ASIC may require a person who operates a financial market to disclose to ASIC, in relation to an acquisition or disposal of financial products on that financial market, the names of the persons who acted in the acquisition or disposal.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 63).

             (4)  ASIC may require an operator of a clearing and settlement facility to disclose to ASIC, in relation to a dealing in financial products, the names of any participants in the clearing and settlement facility who were concerned in any act or omission in relation to the dealing.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 63).

             (5)  Information required to be disclosed under this section need only be disclosed to the extent to which it is known to the person required to make the disclosure.

Note:          In criminal proceedings, a defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (5).

             (6)  An offence under subsection 63(2) relating to subsection (1), (2), (3) or (4) of this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

42  Acquisitions and disposals of trust property by trustee companies

             (1)  ASIC may require a trustee company to disclose to it, in relation to an acquisition or disposal of trust property by the trustee company, all or any of the following:

                     (a)  the name of:

                              (i)  the person from or through whom the trust property was acquired; or

                             (ii)  the person to or through whom the trust property was disposed;

                     (b)  whether the acquisition or disposal was effected on the instructions of another person, and the nature of any such instructions;

                     (c)  the names of the beneficiaries of the trust.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 63).

             (2)  Information required to be disclosed under this section need only be disclosed to the extent to which it is known to the person required to make the disclosure.

Note:          In criminal proceedings, a defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (2).

             (3)  An offence under subsection 63(2) relating to subsection (1) of this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

43  Exercise of certain powers of ASIC in relation to financial products

             (1)  This section applies where ASIC considers that:

                     (a)  it may be necessary to exercise, in relation to a financial product issued by a body corporate, a power under section 794D of the Corporations Act; or

                     (b)  a contravention of section 991F, or Division 2 of Part 7.10, of the Corporations Act may have been committed in relation to financial products issued by a body corporate; or

                     (c)  a contravention of Chapter 6C of the Corporations Act may have been committed in relation to shares in a body corporate; or

                     (d)  a contravention of a law of the Commonwealth, or of a State or Territory in this jurisdiction, may have been committed, being a contravention that involves fraud or dishonesty and relates to financial products issued by a body corporate; or

                     (e)  unacceptable circumstances within the meaning of Part 6.9 of the Corporations Act have, or may have, occurred:

                              (i)  in relation to an acquisition of shares in a body corporate; or

                             (ii)  as a result of conduct engaged in by a person in relation to shares in, or the affairs of, a body corporate; or

                      (f)  a person has, or may have, contravened section 657F of the Corporations Act.

             (2)  ASIC may require a director, secretary or senior manager of the body to disclose to ASIC information of which he or she is aware and that:

                     (a)  may have affected a dealing that has taken place; or

                     (b)  may affect a dealing that may take place;

in financial products issued by the body.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 63).

             (3)  If ASIC believes on reasonable grounds that a person can give, information about particular matters, being any or all of the following:

                     (a)  a dealing in financial products issued by the body;

                     (b)  advice, or an analysis or report, that a person who carries on or has carried on (either alone or together with any other person or persons) a financial services business, or a representative of such a person, has given, issued or published about such financial products;

                     (c)  the financial position of a business carried on by a person who:

                              (i)  is or has been (either alone or together with any other person or persons) a person who carries on or has carried on a financial services business, or a representative of such a person; and

                             (ii)  has dealt in, has given advice about, or has issued or published an analysis or report about, such financial products;

                     (d)  the financial position of a business carried on by a nominee controlled by a person of a kind referred to in paragraph (c) or jointly controlled by 2 or more persons at least one of whom is such a person;

                     (e)  an audit of, or a report of an auditor about, accounts or records of a person who carries on or has carried on (either alone or together with any other person or persons) a financial services business, or a representative of such a person, being accounts or records relating to dealings in such financial products;

ASIC may require the person to disclose to it the information that the person has about those particular matters.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 63).

          (3A)  An offence under subsection 63(2) relating to subsection (2) or (3) of this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (4)  ASIC must not exercise a power conferred by subsection (2) or (3) except:

                     (a)  if paragraph (1)(a) applies—for the purpose of determining whether or not to exercise a power as mentioned in that paragraph; or

                     (b)  if paragraph (1)(b), (c) or (d) applies—for the purpose of investigating the possible contravention; or

                     (c)  if paragraph (1)(e) or (f) applies—for the purpose of determining whether or not to make an application under section 657C or 657G of the Corporations Act.

44  Exercise of certain powers of ASIC in relation to trust property acquired or disposed of by trustee company

             (1)  This section applies if ASIC considers that a contravention of a law of the Commonwealth, or of a State or Territory, may have been committed by a trustee company, being a contravention that involves fraud or dishonesty and that relates to trust property.

             (2)  ASIC may require a director, secretary or senior manager of the trustee company to disclose to ASIC information of which he or she is aware and that may have affected an acquisition or disposal of trust property by the trustee company.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 63).

             (3)  If ASIC believes on reasonable grounds that a person can give information about particular matters, being any or all of the following:

                     (a)  an acquisition or disposal of trust property by the trustee company;

                     (b)  the financial position of the trustee company;

                     (c)  an audit of, or a report of an auditor about, accounts or records of the trustee company;

ASIC may require the person to disclose to it the information that the person has about those particular matters.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 63).

             (4)  An offence under subsection 63(2) relating to subsection (2) or (3) of this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (5)  ASIC must not exercise a power conferred by subsection (2) or (3) except for the purpose of investigating the possible contravention referred to in subsection (1).

47  Disclosures to take place in private

             (1)  A disclosure to ASIC pursuant to a requirement made under this Division must take place in private and ASIC may give directions about who may be present during it, or during a part of it.

             (2)  A person must not be present during a disclosure unless he or she:

                     (a)  is a member; or

                     (b)  is a staff member approved by ASIC; or

                     (c)  is entitled to be present by virtue of:

                              (i)  a direction under subsection (1); or

                             (ii)  subsection 48(1).

Penalty:  10 penalty units or imprisonment for 3 months, or both.

             (3)  Subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

48  Lawyer of person making disclosure may attend

             (1)  The lawyer of a person making a disclosure to ASIC pursuant to a requirement made under this Division may be present during the disclosure and may, at such times during it as the representative of ASIC presiding at the meeting during which the disclosure is made determines, address the representatives of ASIC about the disclosure.

             (2)  If, in the presiding representative’s opinion, a person is trying to obstruct the disclosure by exercising rights under subsection (1), the presiding representative may require the person to stop addressing the representatives of ASIC.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 63).

             (3)  An offence under subsection 63(4) relating to subsection (2) of this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Division 5Proceedings after an investigation

49  ASIC may cause prosecution to be begun

             (1)  This section applies where:

                     (a)  as a result of an investigation; or

                     (b)  from a record of an examination;

conducted under this Part, it appears to ASIC that a person:

                     (c)  may have committed an offence against the corporations legislation; and

                     (d)  ought to be prosecuted for the offence.

             (2)  ASIC may cause a prosecution of the person for the offence to be begun and carried on.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  ASIC, on reasonable grounds, suspects or believes that a person can give information relevant to a prosecution for the offence; or

                     (b)  the offence relates to matters being, or connected with, affairs of a body corporate, or to matters including such matters;

ASIC may, whether before or after a prosecution for the offence is begun, by writing given to the person, or to an eligible person in relation to the body, as the case may be, require the person or eligible person to give all reasonable assistance in connection with such a prosecution.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 63).

          (3A)  An offence under subsection 63(3) relating to subsection (3) of this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (4)  Subsection (3) does not apply in relation to:

                     (a)  the person referred to in subsection (1); or

                     (b)  a person who is or has been that person’s lawyer.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (4), see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

             (5)  Nothing in this section affects the operation of the Director of Public Prosecutions Act 1983.

50  ASIC may cause civil proceeding to be begun

                   Where, as a result of an investigation or from a record of an examination (being an investigation or examination conducted under this Part), it appears to ASIC to be in the public interest for a person to begin and carry on a proceeding for:

                     (a)  the recovery of damages for fraud, negligence, default, breach of duty, or other misconduct, committed in connection with a matter to which the investigation or examination related; or

                     (b)  recovery of property of the person;

ASIC:

                     (c)  if the person is a company—may cause; or

                     (d)  otherwise—may, with the person’s written consent, cause;

such a proceeding to be begun and carried on in the person’s name.

Division 5AAudit deficiency notifications and reports

50A  Application

             (1)  This Division applies to an audit deficiency (the identified audit deficiency) that:

                     (a)  is identified by ASIC in circumstances described in subsection (2) in relation to an audit conducted by an Australian auditor; and

                     (b)  consists of any of the following:

                              (i)  a failure by the auditor to comply with the auditing standards;

                             (ii)  a failure by the auditor to comply with the auditor independence requirements in the Corporations Act;

                            (iii)  a failure by the auditor to comply with any applicable code of professional conduct;

                            (iv)  a failure by the auditor to comply with the provisions of the Corporations Act dealing with the conduct of audits; and

                     (c)  ASIC reasonably believes:

                              (i)  indicates a significant weakness in the Australian auditor’s quality control system; or

                             (ii)  indicates a significant weakness in the conduct of the audit and may be detrimental to the overall quality of the audit.

             (2)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(a), the circumstances are that the identified audit deficiency is identified by ASIC while exercising its powers or functions:

                     (a)  in relation to audit‑related matters (Corporations Act audit requirements) under Chapter 2M, Chapter 5C, Part 7.8, Part 9.2 or Part 9.2A of the Corporations Act or under other provisions of that Act that relate to that Chapter or that Part; or

                     (b)  for the purposes of ascertaining compliance with Corporations Act audit requirements; or

                     (c)  in relation to:

                              (i)  an alleged or suspected contravention of Corporations Act audit requirements; or

                             (ii)  an alleged or suspected contravention of a law of the Commonwealth, or of a State or Territory in this jurisdiction, being a contravention that relates to an audit matter and that either concerns the management or affairs of a body corporate or involves fraud or dishonesty and relates to a body corporate; or

                     (d)  for the purposes of an investigation under Division 1 of this Part relating to a contravention referred to in paragraph (c).

50B  Notice of audit deficiency

             (1)  ASIC may, in writing, notify the Australian auditor of the identified audit deficiency.

             (2)  The notice must:

                     (a)  set out:

                              (i)  the identified audit deficiency; and

                             (ii)  any remedial action that ASIC thinks necessary to remedy the deficiency; and

                            (iii)  such other matters in relation to the deficiency as ASIC thinks fit; and

                     (b)  invite the auditor to make written submissions to ASIC, within 6 months, about the deficiency and any remedial action taken, or proposed to be taken, to remedy the deficiency.

50C  Audit deficiency report

             (1)  At any time after the end of the 6 month period, ASIC may prepare an audit deficiency report if ASIC is satisfied that the Australian auditor has not taken appropriate remedial action to remedy the identified audit deficiency.

             (2)  The report must set out:

                     (a)  the identified audit deficiency; and

                     (b)  the remedial action that ASIC thinks necessary to remedy the deficiency; and

                     (c)  if the auditor has taken remedial action to remedy the deficiency—details of the remedial action; and

                     (d)  if the auditor has not taken any remedial action—that fact; and

                     (e)  such other matters in relation to the deficiency as ASIC thinks fit.

             (3)  Before preparing the report, ASIC must take into account:

                     (a)  any submissions received from the auditor in response to an invitation under paragraph 50B(2)(b); and

                     (b)  whether or not the auditor has taken any remedial action to remedy the deficiency.

             (4)  The report is not a legislative instrument.

50D  Publication of report

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2) and section 50E, ASIC may, if it considers it appropriate to do so, publish the report on its website.

             (2)  If ASIC publishes the report on its website, the report:

                     (a)  if the audit to which the report relates was conducted by an audit firm or audit company:

                              (i)  may disclose identifying particulars of the audit firm or audit company; but

                             (ii)  must not disclose identifying particulars of any professional member of the audit team involved in the audit; and

                     (b)  if the audit to which the report relates was conducted by an individual auditor who did not act on behalf of an audit firm or audit company:

                              (i)  may disclose identifying particulars of the auditor; but

                             (ii)  must not disclose identifying particulars of any other professional member of the audit team involved in the audit; and

                     (c)  must not disclose identifying particulars of the audited body.

             (3)  In this section:

identifying particulars:

                     (a)  in relation to an audit firm, an audit company, an individual auditor referred to in paragraph (2)(b) or an audited body, means:

                              (i)  the name, or a business name, of the firm, company, auditor or body; or

                             (ii)  any other particulars that would enable the firm, company, auditor or body to be identified; or

                     (b)  in relation to a professional member of an audit team (other than an individual auditor referred to in paragraph (2)(b)), means:

                              (i)  the name of the member; or

                             (ii)  any other particulars that would enable the member to be identified.

50E  Consultation before publication

             (1)  Before publishing the report on its website, ASIC must:

                     (a)  give a copy of the report to the Australian auditor to which the report relates; and

                     (b)  invite the Australian auditor to give ASIC comments on the report within 21 days.

             (2)  The report as published must include any comments received in response to the invitation in a separate part of the report.

Division 6Hearings

51  Power to hold hearings

                   ASIC may hold hearings for the purposes of the performance or exercise of any of its functions and powers under the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions), other than a function or power conferred on it by Division 1 of this Part or by section 657C or 657G of the Corporations Act.

52  General discretion to hold hearing in public or private

             (1)  Subject to sections 53 and 54, ASIC may direct that a hearing take place in public or take place in private.

             (2)  In exercising its discretion under subsection (1), ASIC must have regard to:

                     (a)  whether evidence that may be given, or a matter that may arise, during the hearing is of a confidential nature or relates to the commission, or to the alleged or suspected commission, of an offence; and

                     (b)  any unfair prejudice to a person’s reputation that would be likely to be caused if the hearing took place in public; and

                     (c)  whether it is in the public interest that the hearing take place in public; and

                     (d)  any other relevant matter.

53  Request by person appearing at hearing that it take place in public

             (1)  Subject to section 54, where:

                     (a)  the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions) requires ASIC to give a person an opportunity to appear at a hearing; and

                     (b)  the person requests that the hearing or part of the hearing take place in public;

the hearing or part must take place in public.

             (2)  Despite subsection (1), where ASIC is satisfied, having regard to the matters referred to in subsection 52(2), that it is desirable that a hearing or part of a hearing take place in private, it may direct that the hearing or part take place in private.

54  Certain hearings to take place in private

                   Where the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions and this section) requires a hearing to take place in private, the hearing must take place in private.

55  ASIC may restrict publication of certain material

             (1)  Where, at a hearing that is taking place in public or in private, ASIC is satisfied that it is desirable to do so, ASIC may give directions preventing or restricting the publication of evidence given before, or of matters contained in documents lodged with, ASIC.

             (2)  In determining whether or not to give a direction under subsection (1), ASIC must have regard to:

                     (a)  whether evidence that has been or may be given, or a matter that has arisen or may arise, during the hearing is of a confidential nature or relates to the commission, or to the alleged or suspected commission, of an offence against an Australian law; and

                     (b)  any unfair prejudice to a person’s reputation that would be likely to be caused unless ASIC exercises its powers under this section; and

                     (c)  whether it is in the public interest that ASIC exercises its powers under this section; and

                     (d)  any other relevant matter.

56  Who may be present when hearing takes place in private

             (1)  ASIC may give directions about who may be present during a hearing that is to take place in private.

             (2)  A direction under subsection (1) does not prevent:

                     (a)  a person whom the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions) requires to be given the opportunity to appear at a hearing; or

                     (b)  a person representing under section 59:

                              (i)  a person of a kind referred to in paragraph (a) of this subsection; or

                             (ii)  a person who, by virtue of such a direction, is entitled to be present at a hearing;

from being present during the hearing.

             (3)  Where ASIC directs that a hearing take place in private, a person must not be present at the hearing unless he or she:

                     (a)  is a member; or

                     (b)  is a staff member approved by ASIC; or

                     (c)  is entitled to be present by virtue of:

                              (i)  a direction under subsection (1); or

                             (ii)  subsection (2).

Penalty:  10 penalty units or imprisonment for 3 months.

             (4)  Subsection (3) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

57  Involvement of person entitled to appear at hearing

             (1)  This section applies where the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions) requires ASIC to give a person an opportunity to appear at a hearing and to make submissions and give evidence to it.

             (2)  ASIC must appoint a place and time for the hearing and cause written notice of that place and time to be given to the person.

             (3)  If the person does not wish to appear at the hearing, the person may, before the day of the hearing, lodge with ASIC any written submissions that the person wishes ASIC to take into account in relation to the matter concerned.

58  Power to summon witnesses and take evidence

             (1)  A member may, by written summons in the prescribed form given to a person:

                     (a)  require the person to appear before ASIC at a hearing to give evidence, to produce specified documents, or to do both; and

                     (b)  require the person to attend from day to day unless excused, or released from further attendance, by a member.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 63).

             (2)  At a hearing, ASIC may take evidence on oath or affirmation, and for that purpose a member may:

                     (a)  require a witness at the hearing to either take an oath or make an affirmation; and

                     (b)  administer an oath or affirmation to a witness at the hearing.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 63).

             (3)  The oath or affirmation to be taken or made by a person for the purposes of this section is an oath or affirmation that the evidence the person will give will be true.

             (4)  The member presiding at a hearing:

                     (a)  may require a witness at the hearing to answer a question put to the witness; and

                     (b)  may require a person appearing at the hearing pursuant to a summons issued under this section to produce a document specified in the summons.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 63).

          (4A)  An offence under subsection 63(3) relating to subsection (1), (2) or (4) of this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (5)  ASIC may permit a witness at a hearing to give evidence by tendering, and if ASIC so requires, verifying by oath, a written statement.

59  Proceedings at hearings

             (1)  A hearing must be conducted with as little formality and technicality, and with as much expedition, as the requirements of the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions) and a proper consideration of the matters before ASIC permit.

             (2)  At a hearing, ASIC:

                     (a)  is not bound by the rules of evidence; and

                     (b)  may, on such conditions as it thinks fit, permit a person to intervene; and

                     (c)  must observe the rules of natural justice.

             (3)  Subject to subsection (4), Division 4 of Part 4 (other than section 104) applies, so far as practicable, in relation to a hearing as if the hearing were a meeting of ASIC.

             (4)  At a hearing before a Division of ASIC, 2 members of the Division form a quorum.

             (5)  At a hearing, a natural person may appear in person or be represented by an employee of the person approved by ASIC.

             (6)  A body corporate may be represented at a hearing by an officer or employee of the body corporate approved by ASIC.

             (7)  An unincorporated association, or a person in the person’s capacity as a member of an unincorporated association, may be represented at a hearing by a member, officer or employee of the association approved by ASIC.

             (8)  Any person may be represented at a hearing by a barrister or solicitor of the Supreme Court of a State or Territory or of the High Court.

60  ASIC to take account of evidence and submissions

                   ASIC must take into account:

                     (a)  evidence given, or a submission made, to it at a hearing; or

                     (b)  a submission lodged with it under section 57;

in making a decision on a matter to which the evidence or submission relates.

61  Reference to Court of question of law arising at hearing

             (1)  ASIC may, of its own motion or at a person’s request, refer to the Court for decision a question of law arising at a hearing.

             (3)  Where a question has been referred under subsection (1), ASIC must not, in relation to a matter to which the hearing relates:

                     (a)  give while the reference is pending a decision to which the question is relevant; or

                     (b)  proceed in a manner, or make a decision, that is inconsistent with the Court’s opinion on the question.

             (4)  Where a question is referred under subsection (1):

                     (a)  ASIC must send to the Court all documents that were before ASIC in connection with the hearing; and

                     (b)  at the end of the proceeding in the Court in relation to the reference, the Court must cause the documents to be returned to ASIC.

62  Protection of members etc.

             (1)  A member has, in the performance or exercise of any of his or her functions and powers as a member in relation to a hearing, the same protection and immunity as a Justice of the High Court.

          (1A)  A delegate of a member has, in the performance or exercise of any delegated function or power in relation to a hearing, the same protection and immunity as a Justice of the High Court.

             (2)  A barrister, solicitor or other person appearing on a person’s behalf at a hearing has the same protection and immunity as a barrister has in appearing for a party in a proceeding in the High Court.

             (3)  Subject to this Act, a person who is required by a summons under section 58 to appear at a hearing, or a witness at a hearing, has the same protection as a witness in a proceeding in the High Court.

Division 7Offences

63  Non‑compliance with requirements made under this Part

             (1)  A person must not intentionally or recklessly fail to comply with a requirement made under:

                     (a)  section 19; or

                     (b)  subsection 21(3); or

                     (c)  section 30, 30A, 31, 32A, 33 or 34; or

                     (d)  subsection 37(9); or

                     (e)  section 38; or

                      (f)  section 39.

Penalty:  100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

             (2)  A person must not fail to comply with a requirement made under section 41, 42, 43 or 44.

Penalty:  50 penalty units or imprisonment for 12 months, or both.

             (3)  A person must not fail to comply with a requirement made under subsection 21(1) or 29(2), paragraph 24(2)(a) or subsection 49(3) or 58(1), (2) or (4).

Penalty:  10 penalty units or imprisonment for 3 months, or both.

             (4)  A person must comply with a requirement made under subsection 23(2) or 48(2).

Penalty:  5 penalty units.

             (5)  Subsections (1), (1A), (2) and (3) do not apply to the extent that the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in this subsection, see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

             (6)  Paragraph (1)(d) does not apply to the extent that the person has explained the matter to the best of his or her knowledge or belief.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in this subsection, see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

             (7)  Paragraph (1)(e) does not apply to the extent that the person has stated the matter to the best of his or her knowledge or belief.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in this subsection, see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

             (8)  Paragraph (1)(f) does not apply to the extent that the person has, to the extent that the person is capable of doing so, performed the acts referred to in paragraphs 39(a) and (b).

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in this subsection, see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

64  False information

             (1)  A person must not:

                     (a)  in purported compliance with a requirement made under this Part; or

                     (b)  in the course of an examination of the person;

give information, or make a statement, that is false or misleading in a material particular.

Penalty:  100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

             (2)  A person must not, at a hearing, give evidence that is false or misleading in a material particular.

Penalty:  10 penalty units or imprisonment for 3 months, or both.

             (3)  It is a defence to a prosecution for a contravention of subsection (1) or (2) if it is proved that the defendant, when giving the information or evidence or making the statement, believed on reasonable grounds that it was true and not misleading.

Note:          A defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the matter in subsection (3), see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code.

65  Obstructing person acting under this Part

             (1)  A person must not:

                     (a)  engage in conduct that results in the obstruction or hindering of a person in the exercise of a power under this Part; or

                     (b)  engage in conduct that results in the obstruction or hindering of a person who is executing a warrant issued under section 36.

Penalty:  100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

          (1A)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the extent that the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection, see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

             (2)  The occupier, or person in charge, of premises that a person enters under a warrant issued under section 36 must not intentionally or recklessly fail to provide to that person all reasonable facilities and assistance for the effective exercise of his or her powers under the warrant.

Penalty:  25 penalty units or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

66  Contempt of ASIC

             (1)  A person must not:

                     (a)  engage in conduct that results in the obstruction or hindering of ASIC or a member in the performance or exercise of any of ASIC’s functions and powers; or

                     (b)  engage in conduct that results in the disruption of a hearing.

Penalty:  50 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

             (2)  A person must not contravene a direction given under subsection 55(1).

Penalty:  50 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

          (2A)  Subsection (2) does not apply to the extent that the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in this subsection, see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

          (2B)  Subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (3)  An offence constituted by a contravention of subsection (1) or (2) is punishable on summary conviction.

67  Concealing books relevant to investigation

             (1)  Where ASIC is investigating, or is about to investigate, a matter, a person must not:

                     (a)  in any case—engage in conduct that results in the concealment, destruction, mutilation or alteration of a book relating to that matter; or

                     (b)  if a book relating to that matter is in a particular State or Territory—engage in conduct that results in the taking or sending of the book out of that State or Territory or out of Australia.

Penalty:  200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

             (2)  It is a defence to a prosecution for a contravention of subsection (1) if it is proved that the defendant intended neither to defeat the purposes of the corporations legislation, nor to delay or obstruct an investigation, or a proposed investigation, by ASIC.

Note:          A defendant bears a legal burden in relation to a matter mentioned in subsection (2), see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code.

68  Self‑incrimination

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, of Division 3 of Part 10, and of Division 2 of Part 11, it is not a reasonable excuse for a person to refuse or fail:

                     (a)  to give information; or

                     (b)  to sign a record; or

                     (c)  to produce a book;

in accordance with a requirement made of the person, that the information, signing the record or production of the book, as the case may be, might tend to incriminate the person or make the person liable to a penalty.

             (2)  Subsection (3) applies where:

                     (a)  before:

                              (i)  making an oral statement giving information; or

                             (ii)  signing a record;

                            pursuant to a requirement made under this Part, Division 3 of Part 10 or Division 2 of Part 11, a person (other than a body corporate) claims that the statement, or signing the record, as the case may be, might tend to incriminate the person or make the person liable to a penalty; and

                     (b)  the statement, or signing the record, as the case may be, might in fact tend to incriminate the person or make the person so liable.

             (3)  The statement, or the fact that the person has signed the record, as the case may be, is not admissible in evidence against the person in:

                     (a)  a criminal proceeding; or

                     (b)  a proceeding for the imposition of a penalty;

other than a proceeding in respect of:

                     (c)  in the case of the making of a statement—the falsity of the statement; or

                     (d)  in the case of the signing of a record—the falsity of any statement contained in the record.

69  Legal professional privilege

             (1)  This section applies where:

                     (a)  under this Part, Division 3 of Part 10, or Division 2 of Part 11, a person requires a lawyer:

                              (i)  to give information; or

                             (ii)  to produce a book; and

                     (b)  giving the information would involve disclosing, or the book contains, as the case may be, a privileged communication made by, on behalf of or to the lawyer in his or her capacity as a lawyer.

             (2)  The lawyer is entitled to refuse to comply with the requirement unless:

                     (a)  if the person to whom, or by or on behalf of whom, the communication was made is a body corporate that is being wound up—the liquidator of the body; or

                     (b)  otherwise—the person to whom, or by or on behalf of whom, the communication was made;

consents to the lawyer complying with the requirement.

             (3)  If the lawyer so refuses, he or she must, as soon as practicable, give to the person who made the requirement a written notice setting out:

                     (a)  if the lawyer knows the name and address of the person to whom, or by or on behalf of whom, the communication was made—that name and address; and

                     (b)  if subparagraph (1)(a)(i) applies and the communication was made in writing—sufficient particulars to identify the document containing the communication; and

                     (c)  if subparagraph (1)(a)(ii) applies—sufficient particulars to identify the book, or the part of the book, containing the communication.

Penalty:  10 penalty units or imprisonment for 3 months, or both.

70  Powers of Court where non‑compliance with Part

             (1)  This section applies where ASIC is satisfied that a person has, without reasonable excuse, failed to comply with a requirement made under this Part (other than Division 8).

             (2)  ASIC may by writing certify the failure to the Court.

             (3)  If ASIC does so, the Court may inquire into the case and may order the person to comply with the requirement as specified in the order.

Division 8ASIC’s powers where non‑compliance with Part

71  Orders by ASIC

                   This Division applies where, in ASIC’s opinion, information about:

                     (a)  affairs of a body corporate; or

                     (b)  financial products; or

                     (c)  trust property acquired or disposed of by a trustee company;

needs to be found out for the purposes of the exercise of any of ASIC’s powers under this Part but cannot be found out because a person has failed to comply with a requirement made under this Part.

72  Orders in relation to securities of a body corporate

             (1)  If paragraph 71(a) applies, ASIC may make one or more of the following:

                     (a)  an order restraining a specified person from disposing of any interest in specified securities of the body corporate referred to in that paragraph;

                     (b)  an order restraining a specified person from acquiring any interest in specified securities of the body;

                     (c)  an order restraining the exercise of voting or other rights attached to specified securities of the body;

                     (d)  an order directing the holder of securities in respect of which an order under this section is in force to give written notice of that order to any person whom the holder knows to be entitled to exercise a right to vote attached to the securities;

                     (e)  an order directing the body not to pay, except in the course of winding up, a sum due from the body in respect of specified securities of the body;

                      (f)  an order directing the body not to register the transfer or transmission of specified securities of the body;

                     (g)  an order directing the body not to issue to a person who holds shares in the body shares that the body proposed to issue to the person:

                              (i)  because the person holds shares in the body; or

                             (ii)  pursuant to an offer or invitation made or issued to the person because the person holds shares in the body.

             (2)  An offence under subsection 75(5) relating to subsection (1) of this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

73  Orders in relation to financial products and trust property generally

             (1)  If paragraph 71(b) applies, ASIC may make one or more of the following:

                     (a)  an order restraining a specified person from disposing of any interest in specified financial products;

                     (b)  an order restraining a specified person from acquiring any interest in specified financial products;

                     (c)  an order restraining the exercise of voting or other rights attached to specified financial products;

                     (d)  an order directing the holder of financial products in respect of which an order under this section is in force to give written notice of that order to any person whom the holder knows to be entitled to exercise a right to vote attached to the financial products;

                     (e)  an order directing a body corporate not to pay, except in the course of winding up, a sum due from the body in respect of specified financial products;

                      (f)  an order directing a body corporate not to register the transfer or transmission of specified financial products;

                     (g)  an order directing a body corporate not to issue to a person who holds shares in the body shares that the body proposed to issue to the person:

                              (i)  because the person holds such shares; or

                             (ii)  pursuant to an offer or invitation made or issued to the person because the person holds such shares;

                     (h)  an order requiring a specified person to dispose of specified derivatives, or to dispose of specified derivatives in a specified manner.

          (1A)  If paragraph 71(c) applies, ASIC may make one or more of the following:

                     (a)  an order restraining a specified person from disposing of any interest in specified trust property;

                     (b)  an order restraining a specified person from acquiring any interest in specified trust property;

                     (c)  an order directing a body corporate not to pay, except in the course of winding up, a sum due from the body corporate in respect of specified trust property;

                     (d)  an order directing a body corporate not to register the transfer or transmission of specified trust property.

             (2)  An order under subsection (1) or (1A) does not prejudice or affect a right of an operator of a financial market or clearing and settlement facility:

                     (a)  to cause or enter into a transaction that causes a derivative to be closed out; or

                     (b)  to cause to be registered in a person’s name, or to register in a person’s name, a derivative that was previously registered in another person’s name.

             (3)  An offence under subsection 75(5) relating to subsection (1) or (1A) of this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

75  Orders under this Division

             (1)  ASIC may make an order varying or revoking an order in force under this Division.

             (2)  An order under this Division must be made by notice published in the Gazette.

             (3)  Where an order is made under this Division (other than subsection (1)), ASIC must cause to be given to the person to whom the order is directed:

                     (a)  a copy of the order; and

                     (b)  a copy of each order varying or revoking it.

             (4)  Where an order under this Division relates to financial products, ASIC must cause:

                     (a)  a copy of the order; and

                     (b)  a copy of each order varying or revoking it;

to be given to:

                     (c)  in any case—the person who issued or made available, or who will issue or make available, the financial products; or

                     (d)  if the financial products are rights or options—the person against whom the right or option is, or would be enforceable.

             (5)  A person must comply with an order in force under this Division.

Penalty:  25 penalty units or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

Division 9Evidentiary use of certain material

76  Statements made at an examination: proceedings against examinee

             (1)  A statement that a person makes at an examination of the person is admissible in evidence against the person in a proceeding unless:

                     (a)  because of subsection 68(3), the statement is not admissible in evidence against the person in the proceeding; or

                     (b)  the statement is not relevant to the proceeding and the person objects to the admission of evidence of the statement; or

                     (c)  the statement is qualified or explained by some other statement made at the examination, evidence of the other statement is not tendered in the proceeding and the person objects to the admission of evidence of the first‑mentioned statement; or

                     (d)  the statement discloses matter in respect of which the person could claim legal professional privilege in the proceeding if this subsection did not apply in relation to the statement, and the person objects to the admission of evidence of the statement.

             (2)  Subsection (1) applies in relation to a proceeding against a person even if it is heard together with a proceeding against another person.

             (3)  Where a written record of an examination of a person is signed by the person under subsection 24(2) or authenticated in any other prescribed manner, the record is, in a proceeding, prima facie evidence of the statements it records, but nothing in this Part limits or affects the admissibility in the proceeding of other evidence of statements made at the examination.

77  Statements made at an examination: other proceedings

                   Where direct evidence by a person (the absent witness) of a matter would be admissible in a proceeding, a statement that the absent witness made at an examination of the absent witness and that tends to establish that matter is admissible in the proceeding as evidence of that matter:

                     (a)  if it appears to the court or tribunal that:

                              (i)  the absent witness is dead or is unfit, because of physical or mental incapacity, to attend as a witness; or

                             (ii)  the absent witness is outside the State or Territory in which the proceeding is being heard and it is not reasonably practicable to secure his or her attendance; or

                            (iii)  all reasonable steps have been taken to find the absent witness but he or she cannot be found; or

                     (b)  if it does not so appear to the court or tribunal—unless another party to the proceeding requires the party tendering evidence of the statement to call the absent witness as a witness in the proceeding and the tendering party does not so call the absent witness.

78  Weight of evidence admitted under section 77

             (1)  This section applies where evidence of a statement made by a person at an examination of the person is admitted under section 77 in a proceeding.

             (2)  In deciding how much weight (if any) to give to the statement as evidence of a matter, regard is to be had to:

                     (a)  how long after the matters to which it related the statement was made; and

                     (b)  any reason the person may have had for concealing or misrepresenting a material matter; and

                     (c)  any other circumstances from which it is reasonable to draw an inference about how accurate the statement is.

             (3)  If the person is not called as a witness in the proceeding:

                     (a)  evidence that would, if the person had been so called, have been admissible in the proceeding for the purpose of destroying or supporting his or her credibility is so admissible; and

                     (b)  evidence is admissible to show that the statement is inconsistent with another statement that the person has made at any time.

             (4)  However, evidence of a matter is not admissible under this section if, had the person been called as a witness in the proceeding and denied the matter in cross‑examination, evidence of the matter would not have been admissible if adduced by the cross‑examining party.

79  Objection to admission of statements made at examination

             (1)  A party (the adducing party) to a proceeding may, not less than 14 days before the first day of the hearing of the proceeding, give to another party to the proceeding written notice that the adducing party:

                     (a)  will apply to have admitted in evidence in the proceeding specified statements made at an examination; and

                     (b)  for that purpose, will apply to have evidence of those statements admitted in the proceeding.

             (2)  A notice under subsection (1) must set out, or be accompanied by writing that sets out, the specified statements.

             (3)  Within 14 days after a notice is given under subsection (1), the other party may give to the adducing party a written notice:

                     (a)  stating that the other party objects to specified statements being admitted in evidence in the proceeding; and

                     (b)  specifies, in relation to each of those statements, the grounds of objection.

             (4)  The period prescribed by subsection (3) may be extended by the court or tribunal or by agreement between the parties concerned.

             (5)  On receiving a notice given under subsection (3), the adducing party must give to the court or tribunal a copy of:

                     (a)  the notice under subsection (1) and any writing that subsection (2) required to accompany that notice; and

                     (b)  the notice under subsection (3).

             (6)  Where subsection (5) is complied with, the court or tribunal may either:

                     (a)  determine the objections as a preliminary point before the hearing of the proceeding begins; or

                     (b)  defer determination of the objections until the hearing.

             (7)  Where a notice has been given in accordance with subsections (1) and (2), the other party is not entitled to object at the hearing of the proceeding to a statement specified in the notice being admitted in evidence in the proceeding, unless:

                     (a)  the other party has, in accordance with subsection (3), objected to the statement being so admitted; or

                     (b)  the court or tribunal gives the other party leave to object to the statement being so admitted.

80  Copies of, or extracts from, certain books

             (1)  A copy of, or an extract from, a book relating to:

                     (a)  affairs of a body corporate; or

                    (aa)  an audit‑related matter referred to in subparagraph 30A(2)(a)(i); or

                     (b)  a matter referred to in any of paragraphs 31(1)(g) to (m), inclusive; or

                     (c)  a matter referred to in paragraph 32A(c) or (d);

is admissible in evidence in a proceeding as if the copy were the original book, or the extract were the relevant part of the original book, as the case may be, whether or not the copy or extract was made under section 37.

             (2)  A copy of, or an extract from, a book is not admissible in evidence under subsection (1) unless it is proved that the copy or extract is a true copy of the book, or of the relevant part of the book, as the case may be.

             (3)  For the purposes of subsection (2), a person who has compared:

                     (a)  a copy of a book with the book; or

                     (b)  an extract from a book with the relevant part of the book;

may give evidence, either orally or by an affidavit or statutory declaration, that the copy or extract is a true copy of the book or relevant part, as the case may be.

81  Report under Division 1

                   Subject to section 82, where a copy of a report under Division 1 purports to be certified by ASIC as a true copy of such a report, the copy is admissible in a proceeding (other than a criminal proceeding) as prima facie evidence of:

                     (a)  ASIC’s report of its opinion for the purposes of paragraph 461(1)(h) or subparagraph 583(c)(iii) of the Corporations Act; and

                     (b)  any facts or matters that the report states ASIC to have found to exist.

82  Exceptions to admissibility of report

             (1)  This section applies where a party to a proceeding tenders a copy of a report as evidence against another party.

             (2)  The copy is not admissible under section 81 in the proceeding as evidence against the other party unless the court or tribunal is satisfied that:

                     (a)  a copy of the report has been given to the other party; and

                     (b)  the other party, and the other party’s lawyer, have had a reasonable opportunity to examine that copy and to take its contents into account in preparing the other party’s case.

             (3)  Before or after the copy referred to in subsection (1) is admitted in evidence, the other party may apply to cross‑examine, in relation to the report, a specified person who, or 2 or more specified persons each of whom:

                     (a)  was concerned in preparing the report or making a finding about a fact or matter that the report states ASIC to have found to exist; or

                     (b)  whether or not pursuant to a requirement made under this Part, gave information, or produced a book, on the basis of which, or on the basis of matters including which, such a finding was made.

             (4)  The court or tribunal must grant an application made under subsection (3) unless it considers that, in all the circumstances, it is not appropriate to do so.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  the court or tribunal grants an application or applications made under subsection (3); and

                     (b)  a person to whom the application or any of the applications relate, or 2 or more such persons, is or are unavailable, or does not or do not attend, to be cross‑examined in relation to the report; and

                     (c)  the court or tribunal is of the opinion that to admit the copy under section 81 in the proceeding as evidence against the other party without the other party having the opportunity so to cross‑examine the person or persons would unfairly prejudice the other party;

the court or tribunal must refuse so to admit the copy, or must treat the copy as not having been so admitted, as the case requires.

83  Material otherwise admissible

                   Nothing in this Division renders evidence inadmissible in a proceeding in circumstances where it would have been admissible in that proceeding if this Division had not been enacted.

Division 10Miscellaneous

84  Requirement made of a body corporate

                   Where a provision of this Part empowers a person to make a requirement of a body corporate, the provision also empowers the person to make that requirement of a person who is or has been an officer or employee of the body.

85  Evidence of authority

                   A person (the inspector), other than ASIC, who is about to make, or has made, a requirement of another person under this Part (other than Division 6) must, if the other person requests evidence of the inspector’s authority to make the requirement, produce to the other person:

                     (a)  a current identity card that was issued to the inspector by ASIC and incorporates a photograph of the inspector; and

                     (b)  if the requirement will be, or was, made under an authorisation by ASIC—a document that was issued by ASIC and sets out the effect of so much of the authorisation as is relevant to making the requirement; and

                     (c)  otherwise—such evidence (if any) of the inspector’s authority to make the requirement as ASIC determines.

86  Giving documents to natural persons

                   Section 109X of the Corporations Act has effect for the purposes of this Part as if a reference in subsection (2) of that section to leaving a document at an address were a reference to leaving it at that address with a person whom the person leaving the document believes on reasonable grounds:

                     (a)  to live or work at that address; and

                     (b)  to have attained the age of 16 years.

87  Place and time for production of books

                   A provision of this Part that empowers a person to require the production of books at a place and time specified by the person is taken:

                     (a)  to require the person to specify a place and time that are reasonable in all the circumstances; and

                     (b)  if it is reasonable in all the circumstances for the person to require the books to be produced forthwith—to empower the person to require the books to be produced forthwith.

88  Application of Crimes Act and Evidence Act

             (1)  For the purposes of Part III of the Crimes Act 1914, an examination or a hearing is a judicial proceeding.

             (2)  Part 2.2, sections 69, 70, 71 and 147 and Division 2 of Part 4.6 of the Evidence Act 1995 apply to an examination in the same way that they apply to a proceeding to which that Act applies under section 4 of that Act.

89  Allowances and expenses

             (1)  A person who, pursuant to a requirement made under section 19, appears for examination is entitled to the prescribed allowances and expenses (if any).

             (2)  A person who, pursuant to a summons issued under section 58, appears at a hearing is entitled to be paid:

                     (a)  if the summons was issued at another person’s request—by that other person; or

                     (b)  otherwise—by ASIC;

the prescribed allowances and expenses (if any).

             (3)  ASIC may pay such amount as it thinks reasonable on account of the costs and expenses (if any) that a person incurs in complying with a requirement made under this Part.

90  Expenses of investigation under Division 1

                   Subject to section 91, ASIC must pay the expenses of an investigation.

91  Recovery of expenses of investigation

             (1)  Where:

                     (a)  a person is convicted of an offence against a law of the Commonwealth, or of a State or Territory in this jurisdiction, in a prosecution; or

                     (b)  a judgment is awarded, or a declaration or other order is made, against a person in a proceeding in a court of this jurisdiction; or

                   (ba)  a person is convicted of an offence against Division 2 of Part 2 in a prosecution; or

                   (bb)  a judgment is awarded, or a declaration or other order is made, against a person under Division 2 of Part 2 in a proceeding in a court;

begun as a result of an investigation under Division 1, ASIC may make one of the following orders:

                     (c)  an order that the person pay the whole, or a specified part, of the expenses of the investigation;

                     (d)  an order that the person reimburse ASIC to the extent of a specified amount of such of the expenses of the investigation as ASIC has paid;

                     (e)  an order that the person pay, or reimburse ASIC in respect of, the whole, or a specified part, of the cost to ASIC of making the investigation, including the remuneration of a member or staff member concerned in the investigation.

             (2)  An order under this section must be in writing and must specify when and how the payment or reimbursement is to be made.

             (3)  A person must comply with an order under this section that is applicable to the person.

Penalty:  50 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

          (3A)  Subsection (3) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (4)  ASIC may recover in a court of competent jurisdiction as a debt due to ASIC so much of the amount payable under an order made under this section as is not paid in accordance with the order.

             (5)  A report under Division 1 may include recommendations about the making of orders under this section.

92  Compliance with Part

                   A person is neither liable to a proceeding, nor subject to a liability, merely because the person has complied, or proposes to comply, with a requirement made, or purporting to have been made, under this Part.

93  Effect of Part

             (1)  Except as expressly provided, nothing in this Part limits the generality of anything else in this Part.

             (2)  The functions and powers that this Part confers are in addition to, and do not derogate from, any other function or power conferred by a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory.

93AA  Enforcement of undertakings

             (1)  ASIC may accept a written undertaking given by a person in connection with a matter in relation to which ASIC has a function or power under this Act.

             (2)  The person may withdraw or vary the undertaking at any time, but only with ASIC’s consent.

             (3)  If ASIC considers that the person who gave the undertaking has breached any of its terms, ASIC may apply to the Court for an order under subsection (4).

             (4)  If the Court is satisfied that the person has breached a term of the undertaking, the Court may make all or any of the following orders:

                     (a)  an order directing the person to comply with that term of the undertaking;

                     (b)  an order directing the person to pay to the Commonwealth an amount up to the amount of any financial benefit that the person has obtained directly or indirectly and that is reasonably attributable to the breach;

                     (c)  any order that the Court considers appropriate directing the person to compensate any other person who has suffered loss or damage as a result of the breach;

                     (d)  any other order that the Court considers appropriate.

Part 3AEnforceable undertakings in relation to registered schemes

  

93A  Undertakings by responsible entity

             (1)  ASIC may accept a written undertaking given by the responsible entity of a registered scheme in connection with a matter:

                     (a)  concerning the registered scheme; and

                     (b)  in relation to which ASIC has a power or function under the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions).

             (2)  The responsible entity may withdraw or vary the undertaking at any time, but only with ASIC’s consent.

             (3)  If ASIC considers that the responsible entity has breached any of the terms of the undertaking, ASIC may apply to the Court for an order under subsection (4).

             (4)  If the Court is satisfied that the responsible entity has breached a term of the undertaking, the Court may make all or any of the following orders:

                     (a)  an order directing the responsible entity to comply with that term of the undertaking;

                     (b)  an order directing the responsible entity to transfer to scheme property an amount up to the amount of any financial benefit that the responsible entity has obtained directly or indirectly and that is reasonably attributable to the breach;

                     (c)  any order that the Court considers appropriate directing the responsible entity to compensate any person who has suffered loss or damage as a result of the breach;

                     (d)  any other order that the Court considers appropriate.

             (5)  ASIC must keep a record of the full text of the undertaking.

             (6)  ASIC must make available to a person who asks for it a copy of the text of the undertaking, but ASIC must delete from the copy information:

                     (a)  that the responsible entity has asked it not to release; and

                     (b)  that ASIC is satisfied:

                              (i)  is commercial in confidence; or

                             (ii)  should not be disclosed because it would be against the public interest to do so; or

                            (iii)  consists of personal details of an individual.

             (7)  If ASIC makes available a copy that has information deleted from it, the copy must include a note stating that information has been deleted.

Part 4ASIC’s business

Division 1General

94  Arrangement of ASIC’s business

                   Subject to sections 10A and 12, ASIC may give directions about the arrangement of ASIC’s business.

95  ASIC to establish offices

             (1)  For the purpose of performing its functions and exercising its powers under the corporations legislation, ASIC:

                     (a)  must establish a regional office in each State and Territory (other than an external Territory) in this jurisdiction; and

                     (b)  may establish a regional office in a State that is not in this jurisdiction; and

                     (c)  may establish such other offices as it thinks fit.

             (2)  In deciding on the number and location of its offices, ASIC must seek to ensure that:

                     (a)  for the purposes of the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions)—it serves adequately the needs of business communities in the States and Territories in this jurisdiction; and

                     (b)  for the purposes of Division 2 of Part 2—it serves adequately the needs of business communities throughout Australia.

96  Regional Commissioners

                   For each regional office established under subsection 95(1) there is to be a different Regional Commissioner, employed by ASIC under subsection 120(3), who must manage the office.

Division 2Divisions of ASIC

97  ASIC may establish Division

             (1)  ASIC may direct in writing that a Division of ASIC consisting of at least 2 specified members is to, either generally or as otherwise provided by the direction, perform or exercise specified functions or powers of ASIC.

             (2)  A direction under this section that is in force and does not specify the Chairperson as a member of the Division must specify such a member as the Division’s chairperson.

98  Effect of direction establishing Division

             (1)  Where a direction under section 97 is in force, this section has effect for the purposes of the performance or exercise by the Division, in accordance with the direction, of functions or powers of ASIC.

             (2)  ASIC is taken to consist of the Division.

             (3)  If the Chairperson is not a member of the Division, the member whom the direction specifies as the Division’s chairperson is taken to be the Chairperson.

             (4)  A meeting of the Division is taken to be a meeting of ASIC, but 2 members of the Division form a quorum at a meeting of the Division.

99  ASIC may reconstitute Division

                   Where a direction under section 97 is in force, ASIC may at any time revoke the direction or amend it in relation to the Division’s membership or in any other respect.

100  Effect of reconstituting Division

             (1)  This section has effect where, as at the time when a direction is amended under section 99 so as to change a Division’s membership, the Division as constituted before the change has, in relation to a particular matter, begun but not yet completed the performance of functions, or the exercise of powers, in accordance with the direction as in force before the amendment.

             (2)  The Division as constituted after the change may, in relation to that matter, perform functions, and exercise powers, in accordance with the direction as in force after the amendment.

101  Multiple Divisions

                   A Division of ASIC may perform functions, or exercise powers, of ASIC even though another such Division is performing such functions, or exercising such powers, at the same time.

Division 3Delegation by ASIC

102  Delegation

             (1)  ASIC may, by writing under its common seal, delegate to a person all or any of its functions and powers.

             (2)  ASIC must not, without the Minister’s approval, delegate a function or power to a person other than:

                     (a)  a member; or

                     (b)  a staff member; or

                     (c)  a person who, by virtue of the regulations, is a prescribed person in relation to the delegation; or

                     (d)  a person appointed by the Chair of APRA under section 45 of the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority Act 1998; or

                     (e)  a member of the staff of the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission referred to in subsection 27(1) of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

          (2A)  ASIC must not delegate a function or power to an APRA staff member within the meaning of the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority Act 1998, unless the Chief Executive Officer of APRA has agreed to the delegation in writing.

          (2B)  ASIC must not delegate a function or power to:

                             (a)  a person referred to in paragraph (2)(e); or

                             (b)  a person engaged under section 27A of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010;

unless the Chairperson of the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission has agreed to the delegation in writing.

          (2C)  ASIC must not delegate a function or power under section 12GLC, or under Subdivision GB or GC of Division 2 of Part 2, to a person other than:

                     (a)  a member of ASIC; or

                     (b)  a member of staff who is an SES employee or an acting SES employee.

             (3)  In subsections (1) and (2):

person includes a body.

             (4)  In exercising its power under subsection (1), ASIC must seek to ensure that:

                     (a)  the persons who make decisions affecting a particular business community are located as close to that community as practicable; and

                     (b)  for the purposes of the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions)—members of business communities in the States and Territories in this jurisdiction have prompt and convenient access to decision‑making and to ASIC’s facilities; and

                     (c)  for the purposes of Division 2 of Part 2—members of business communities throughout Australia have prompt and convenient access to decision‑making and to ASIC’s facilities.

             (5)  In the performance of a function, or the exercise of a power, delegated under this section, the delegate is subject to ASIC’s directions.

             (6)  Where a function or power conferred on ASIC by or under a law (including this Act) and delegated under this section is performed or exercised by the delegate, it is, for the purposes of that law and this Act, taken to have been performed or exercised by ASIC.

Division 4Meetings of ASIC

103  Convening of meetings

             (1)  The Chairperson may convene a meeting to be held at a place and time he or she determines.

             (2)  The Chairperson must convene such meetings as he or she thinks necessary for the efficient performance of ASIC’s functions.

             (3)  If so requested in writing by 2 of the members, the Chairperson must convene a meeting.

104  Approved methods of communication

             (1)  If all the members who are not absent from office so agree, a meeting may be held by means of a method of communication, or by means of a combination of methods of communication, approved by ASIC for the purposes of that meeting.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Part, a member who participates in a meeting held as permitted by subsection (1) is present at the meeting even if he or she is not physically present at the same place as another member participating in the meeting.

             (3)  In this section:

meeting includes a part of a meeting.

105  Quorum

                   At a meeting:

                     (a)  if ASIC consists of 3 or 4 members—2 members; or

                     (b)  in any other case—3 members;

form a quorum.

106  Who is to preside at meetings

             (1)  The Chairperson must preside at all meetings at which he or she is present.

             (2)  If the Chairperson is not present at a meeting but the Deputy Chairperson is present, the Deputy Chairperson must preside.

             (3)  If neither the Chairperson nor the Deputy Chairperson is present at a meeting, the members present must elect one of their number to preside.

107  Procedure at meetings

             (1)  Questions arising at a meeting must be determined by a majority of the votes of the members present at the meeting.

             (2)  The member presiding at a meeting has a deliberative vote but not a casting vote.

Part 5ASIC’s members

Division 1Terms and conditions

108  Term of office as member

             (1)  Subject to this Act, a person appointed as a member holds office for such term of at most 5 years as is specified in the instrument of appointment, but is eligible for re‑appointment.

109  Term of office as Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson

             (1)  Subject to this Act, a member appointed as Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson holds office as such until:

                     (a)  in any case—the end of his or her current term as a member; or

                     (b)  in any case—he or she otherwise stops being a member; or

                     (c)  in the case of a member appointed as Deputy Chairperson—he or she is appointed as Chairperson;

whichever happens first.

             (2)  A person is not ineligible to be appointed under section 10 merely because he or she has been so appointed before.

110  Resignation

                   A person may resign as a member, as Chairperson, or as Deputy Chairperson, by writing signed and delivered to the Governor‑General.

111  Termination of appointment

             (1)  The Governor‑General may terminate a member’s appointment because of misbehaviour, or the physical or mental incapacity, of the member or if the member:

                     (a)  becomes bankrupt, applies to take the benefit of a law for the relief of bankrupt or insolvent debtors, compounds with his or her creditors or assigns remuneration or property for their benefit; or

                     (b)  is a full‑time member and engages without the Minister’s consent in paid employment outside the duties of the member’s office; or

                     (c)  is a full‑time member and is absent from duty, except on leave of absence, for 14 consecutive days, or for 28 days in any period of 12 months; or

                     (d)  is a part‑time member and is absent, except on leave granted in accordance with subsection 113(2), from 3 consecutive meetings of ASIC; or

                     (e)  without reasonable excuse, contravenes section 123, subsection 124(2), (4) or (6) or section 125.

             (2)  The Governor‑General may, with the consent of a full‑time member who is:

                     (a)  an eligible employee; or

                     (b)  a member of the superannuation scheme established by deed under the Superannuation Act 1990; or

                     (c)  an ordinary employer‑sponsored member of PSSAP, within the meaning of the Superannuation Act 2005;

retire the member from office on the ground of incapacity.

             (3)  In spite of anything contained in this section, a member who:

                     (a)  is an eligible employee; and

                     (b)  has not reached his or her maximum retiring age (within the meaning of the Superannuation Act 1976);

is not capable of being retired from office on the ground of invalidity (within the meaning of Part IVA of that Act) unless CSC has given a certificate under section 54C of that Act.

             (4)  In spite of anything contained in this section, a member who:

                     (a)  is a member of the superannuation scheme established by deed under the Superannuation Act 1990; and

                     (b)  is under 60 years of age;

is not capable of being retired from office on the ground of invalidity (within the meaning of that Act) unless CSC has given a certificate under section 13 of that Act.

             (5)  In spite of anything contained in this section, a member who:

                     (a)  is an ordinary employer‑sponsored member of PSSAP, within the meaning of the Superannuation Act 2005; and

                     (b)  is under 60 years of age;

is not capable of being retired from office on the ground of invalidity (within the meaning of that Act) unless CSC has given an approval and certificate under section 43 of that Act.

112  Remuneration and allowances etc.

             (1)  A member must be paid such remuneration as is determined by the Remuneration Tribunal but, if no determination of that remuneration by the Tribunal is in operation, a member must be paid such remuneration as the Minister determines in writing.

             (2)  A member must be paid such allowances, and, subject to subsection (3), provided with such other benefits, as the Minister determines in writing.

             (3)  The benefits in respect of which the Minister may make a determination under subsection (2) are such benefits (including benefits by way of financial or other assistance in connection with housing, transport, insurance, long service leave and superannuation) as, in the Minister’s opinion, are necessary or desirable to assist a member in, or place the member in a position that may facilitate, the performance of his or her functions.

             (4)  ASIC may reimburse a member for any loss or expenditure incurred by the member because of, or in the course of, the performance of his or her functions.

             (5)  This section has effect subject to the Remuneration Tribunal Act 1973.

113  Leave of absence

             (1)  A full‑time member has such recreation leave entitlements as are determined by the Remuneration Tribunal.

             (2)  The Minister may:

                     (a)  grant a full‑time member leave of absence, other than recreation leave, on such terms and conditions as to remuneration or otherwise as the Minister determines; and

                     (b)  grant a part‑time member leave of absence from a meeting of ASIC.

114  Superannuation arrangements

             (1)  The Minister may make a written determination about the provision of superannuation benefits for or in relation to a specified full‑time member who, when the determination is made, is not an eligible employee or a member of the superannuation scheme established by deed under the Superannuation Act 1990.

             (2)  The Minister may, by writing, vary or revoke a determination made under subsection (1), even if it has been varied at least once before.

             (3)  The Minister must not make a determination under subsection (1), or vary or revoke a determination so made, except in accordance with arrangements approved by the Minister under the Superannuation Benefits (Supervisory Mechanisms) Act 1990.

             (4)  Superannuation benefits may be provided in accordance with a determination under subsection (1) as that determination is in force when the benefits are provided.

115  Other terms and conditions

                   A member holds office on such terms and conditions (if any) in respect of matters not provided for by this Act as the Minister determines in writing.

Division 2Acting appointments

116  Acting members

             (1)  The Minister may:

                     (a)  appoint a person to act as a full‑time member during any period when there are less than 8 persons who are members or are acting as members in accordance with this paragraph or paragraph (b); or

                     (b)  appoint a person to act as a part‑time member during any period when there are less than 8 persons who are members or are acting as members in accordance with this paragraph or paragraph (a) and there are at least 3 persons who are full‑time members or are acting as members in accordance with paragraph (a); or

                     (c)  appoint a person to act as a full‑time member or as a part‑time member during any period when a full‑time member (other than the Chairperson or the Deputy Chairperson) or a part‑time member, as the case may be, is absent from office, is acting as Deputy Chairperson in accordance with section 118 or, in the case of a part‑time member, is, for any reason, unable to perform the functions of his or her office.

             (2)  Except so far as the contrary intention appears, a reference in this Act to a member of ASIC includes a reference to a person who is acting as a member under subsection (1).

117  Acting Chairperson

                   The Minister may appoint a member to act as Chairperson:

                     (a)  during a vacancy in the office of Chairperson, whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office; or

                     (b)  during any period, or during all periods, when the Chairperson is absent from office.

118  Acting Deputy Chairperson

                   The Minister may appoint a member to act as Deputy Chairperson:

                     (a)  during a vacancy in the office of Deputy Chairperson, whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office; or

                     (b)  during any period, or during all periods, when the Deputy Chairperson is absent from office or is acting as Chairperson.

119  Limitation on appointments to act during vacancy

                   A person appointed under section 116, 117 or 118 to act during a vacancy must not continue for more than 12 months to act during the vacancy.

Division 3Delegation by members

119A  Delegation by members

             (1)  A member may, in writing, delegate to a person all or any of his or her functions and powers.

             (2)  A member must not, without the Minister’s approval, delegate a function or power to a person other than:

                     (a)  a staff member; or

                     (b)  a person who, by virtue of the regulations, is a prescribed person in relation to the delegation.

             (3)  In the performance of a function, or the exercise of a power, delegated under this section, the delegate is subject to the member’s directions.

Part 6ASIC’s staff

  

120  Staff

             (1)  Subject to this Part, ASIC’s staff must be persons engaged under the Public Service Act 1999.

             (2)  For the purposes of the Public Service Act 1999:

                     (a)  ASIC and the APS employees assisting ASIC together constitute a Statutory Agency; and

                     (b)  the Chairperson of ASIC is the Head of that Statutory Agency.

             (3)  In addition to the staff referred to in subsection (1), the Chairperson may, on the Commonwealth’s behalf, employ under written agreements such persons as the Chairperson thinks necessary for the performance or exercise of any of its functions and powers.

             (4)  The terms and conditions of employment of persons employed under subsection (3) are such as the Chairperson determines from time to time with the Minister’s written approval.

121  Consultants etc.

             (1)  The Chairperson may, on the Commonwealth’s behalf, engage, under written agreements, as consultants to, or to perform services for, ASIC in connection with the performance or exercise of any of its functions or powers, persons having suitable qualifications and experience.

             (2)  The terms and conditions of engagement of persons engaged under subsection (1) are such as the Chairperson determines from time to time.

122  Staff seconded to ASIC

                   In addition to the other staff members, officers and employees of Agencies (within the meaning of the Public Service Act 1999), and of authorities of the Commonwealth, whose services are made available to ASIC in connection with the performance or exercise of any of its functions or powers are to assist ASIC.

Part 7Preventing conflicts of interest and misuse of information

Division 1Disclosure of interests

123  Members to disclose certain interests to Minister

             (1)  A member must, in accordance with this section, disclose to the Minister:

                     (a)  any direct or indirect pecuniary interest that the member has or acquires in:

                              (i)  a body corporate carrying on business in Australia; or

                             (ii)  a business in Australia; and

                     (b)  any direct or indirect pecuniary interest that the member has or acquires in interests (including financial products) regulated by ASIC; and

                     (c)  any agreement, understanding or expectation that the member will:

                              (i)  resume a previous business relationship (whether or not that relationship existed immediately before the member’s appointment); or

                             (ii)  enter into a new business relationship;

                            when the member ceases to be a member; and

                     (d)  any severance arrangement or ongoing financial arrangement that takes account of an agreement, understanding or expectation that must be disclosed under paragraph (c).

             (2)  For the purpose of paragraph (1)(b), interests are regulated by ASIC if ASIC has a function or power in relation to any aspect of the acquisition, holding, disposal or provision of the interests, or of interests of that kind.

             (3)  In disclosing an indirect pecuniary interest in financial products, the member must identify the particular products.

             (4)  Paragraphs (1)(c) and (d) apply to agreements or understandings entered into, or expectations arising, before or after the member’s appointment.

             (5)  Paragraph (1)(c) does not require a member to disclose an expectation to enter into a new business relationship unless the member can identify the other party, or one or more other parties, to the relationship. Disclosure is required whether or not the field of business or legal nature of the relationship has been determined.

             (6)  A disclosure under this section must be made in writing.

124  Members to disclose certain interests to Chairperson

             (1)  This section has effect where a member:

                     (a)  is to take part, or is taking part, in determining a matter before ASIC; and

                     (b)  has or acquires a direct or indirect pecuniary interest, or a direct or indirect interest of any other kind, that could conflict with the proper performance of the member’s functions in relation to determining the matter.

             (2)  If the member is not the Chairperson, the member must disclose the interest to the Chairperson.

             (3)  If the member is not the Chairperson and the Chairperson becomes aware that the member has the interest, the Chairperson must:

                     (a)  if the Chairperson considers that the member should not take part, or not continue to take part, as the case requires, in determining the matter—direct the member accordingly; or

                     (b)  in any other case—cause the member’s interest to be disclosed to the persons concerned in the matter.

             (4)  The member must comply with a direction under paragraph (3)(a).

             (5)  If the member is the Chairperson, he or she must cause his or her interest to be disclosed to the persons concerned in the matter.

             (6)  Subject to subsection (4), the member must not take part, or continue to take part, as the case requires, in determining the matter unless everyone concerned in it consents to the member so taking part.

125  Notification of interests to ASIC

             (1)  This section has effect where a person, in the course of:

                     (a)  performing functions or services as a staff member (otherwise than as a person appointed or engaged under the Public Service Act 1999); or

                     (b)  performing a function, or exercising a power, as an ASIC delegate; or

                     (c)  performing functions or services by way of assisting an ASIC delegate;

is required to consider a matter in which the person has a direct or indirect pecuniary or other interest that could involve a conflict with the proper performance or exercise by the person of those functions, services or powers.

             (2)  The person must forthwith give to ASIC a written notice:

                     (a)  stating that he or she is required to consider the matter and has an interest in it; and

                     (b)  setting out particulars of the interest.

             (3)  The person must not intentionally or recklessly fail to do whatever is necessary to avoid the conflict referred to in subsection (1).

Penalty:  50 penalty units or imprisonment for 12 months, or both.

126  Defence

                   It is a defence to a prosecution of a person for a contravention of section 125 if it is established that when the person was required to consider the matter he or she was not aware of a fact or thing whose existence obliged him or her to comply with that section in relation to the matter.

Division 2Confidentiality

127  Confidentiality

             (1)  ASIC must take all reasonable measures to protect from unauthorised use or disclosure information:

                     (a)  given to it in confidence in or in connection with the performance of its functions or the exercise of its powers under the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions); or

                     (b)  that is protected information.

Note:          Information given to ASIC under Part 7.5A of the Corporations Act may be taken, for the purpose of this section, to be given in confidence in connection with the performance of ASIC’s functions under that Act: see subsections 903A(5) and (6), and 906A(3) and (4), of the Corporations Act.

          (1A)  Disclosing summaries of information or statistics derived from information is authorised use and disclosure of the information provided that information relating to any particular person cannot be found out from those summaries or statistics.

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), the disclosure of information as required or permitted by a law of the Commonwealth or a prescribed law of a State or internal Territory is taken to be authorised use and disclosure of the information.

          (2A)  Disclosing information to one of the following is authorised use and disclosure of the information:

                     (a)  the Minister;

                     (b)  the Secretary of the Department for the purpose of advising the Minister, or an officer authorised for that purpose;

                     (c)  APRA;

                     (d)  the Reserve Bank of Australia;

                     (e)  the Clean Energy Regulator;

                      (f)  the Climate Change Authority.

          (2B)  Disclosing information to a Royal Commission (within the meaning of the Royal Commissions Act 1902) is authorised use and disclosure of the information.

          (2C)  The Chairperson may impose conditions to be complied with in relation to information disclosed under subsection (2B).

          (2D)  If the Chairperson is satisfied that:

                     (a)  information is obtained by ASIC in circumstances described in subsection (2E); and

                     (b)  the information is:

                              (i)  about how an audit of a company, registered scheme or disclosing entity was conducted by an Australian auditor; or

                             (ii)  about the company’s, scheme’s or entity’s compliance with the requirements in Chapter 2M of the Corporations Act to prepare financial statements and reports, or with the continuous disclosure requirements of sections 674 and 675 of the Corporations Act; and

                     (c)  the information should be disclosed to the company, to the responsible entity of the registered scheme, or to the disclosing entity, in order to assist the company, scheme or entity to properly manage its affairs;

the disclosure of the information, by a person (the authorised person) whom the Chairperson authorises for the purpose, is taken to be authorised use and disclosure of the information if the information is disclosed to the directors, the audit committee, or a senior manager, of the company, responsible entity or disclosing entity.

          (2E)  For the purposes of paragraph (2D)(a), the circumstances are that the information is obtained by ASIC while exercising its powers or functions:

                     (a)  in relation to audit‑related matters (Corporations Act audit requirements) under Chapter 2M, Chapter 5C, Part 7.8, Part 9.2 or Part 9.2A of the Corporations Act or under other provisions of that Act that relate to that Chapter or that Part; or

                     (b)  for the purposes of ascertaining compliance with Corporations Act audit requirements; or

                     (c)  in relation to:

                              (i)  an alleged or suspected contravention of Corporations Act audit requirements; or

                             (ii)  an alleged or suspected contravention of a law of the Commonwealth, or of a State or Territory in this jurisdiction, being a contravention that relates to an audit matter and that either concerns the management or affairs of a body corporate or involves fraud or dishonesty and relates to a body corporate; or

                     (d)  for the purposes of an investigation under Division 1 of Part 3 of this Act relating to a contravention referred to in paragraph (c).

           (2F)  The authorised person must not disclose information about how an audit of a company, registered scheme or disclosing entity was conducted by an Australian auditor unless, at least 7 days before disclosing the information, the authorised person notifies the Australian auditor of the proposed disclosure.

          (2G)  If the authorised person discloses information only to a senior manager of the company, responsible entity or disclosing entity, the authorised person must, as soon as possible after making the disclosure, provide a copy of the disclosure to the directors and audit committee of the company, responsible entity or disclosing entity.

             (3)  For the purposes of subsection (1), the disclosure of information by a person for the purposes of:

                     (a)  performing the person’s functions as:

                              (i)  a member, staff member or ASIC delegate; or

                             (ii)  a person who is acting as a member or staff member or who is authorised to perform or exercise a function or power of, or on behalf of, ASIC; or

                     (b)  the performance of functions or services by the person by way of assisting an ASIC delegate;

is taken to be authorised use and disclosure of the information.

          (3A)  Using or disclosing information in accordance with the consent of the person who provided the information is authorised use and disclosure of the information.

             (4)  Where the Chairperson is satisfied that particular information:

                     (a)  will enable or assist an agency, being CAMAC, the Panel, the Disciplinary Board, the FRC, the Review Board or any other agency within the meaning of the Freedom of Information Act 1982, to perform or exercise any of the agency’s functions or powers; or

                    (aa)  will enable or assist:

                             (ii)  the Australian Financial Institutions Commission; or

                            (iii)  the Superannuation Complaints Tribunal;

                            to perform any of its functions or powers; or

                   (ab)  will enable or assist an officer of the Commonwealth Attorney‑General’s Department who is in the office known as the Office of Law Enforcement Co‑ordination to perform any of his or her functions or powers; or

                     (b)  will enable or assist the government, or an agency, of a State or Territory to perform a function or exercise a power; or

                     (c)  will enable or assist a government, or an agency, of a foreign country to perform a function, or exercise a power, conferred by a law in force in that foreign country; or

                    (ca)  will enable or assist a foreign body, although not an agency of a foreign country, to perform a regulatory function, or to exercise a related power, conferred on the body by or under a law in force in that foreign country; or

                   (cb)  will enable or assist an international business regulator to perform its functions or exercise its powers; or

                     (d)  will enable or assist a prescribed professional disciplinary body to perform one of its functions;

the disclosure of the information to the agency, government, officer or body by a person whom the Chairperson authorises for the purpose is taken to be authorised use and disclosure of the information.

          (4A)  The Chairperson may impose conditions to be complied with in relation to information disclosed under subsection (4).

          (4B)  The disclosure of information to a body corporate specified in regulations under subsection (4C) (including a body corporate that is a foreign company) is authorised use and disclosure of the information if:

                     (a)  the Chairperson is satisfied that the information will enable or assist the body corporate to monitor compliance with, enforce, or perform functions or exercise powers under:

                              (i)  the Corporations Act; or

                          (iaa)  the business law of a State that is not in this jurisdiction; or

                            (ia)  a foreign business law; or

                             (ii)  the operating rules of the body corporate; and

                     (b)  the disclosure is by a person authorised by the Chairperson for the purpose.

          (4C)  The regulations may specify a body corporate for the purposes of subsection (4B) if, and only if, the body corporate:

                     (a)  conducts, or is involved in the supervision of, a financial market; or

                     (b)  is a body corporate that holds an Australian CS facility licence; or

                     (c)  is a body corporate that holds an Australian derivative trade repository licence or that operates a prescribed derivative trade repository.

          (4D)  The Chairperson may impose conditions to be complied with by a body corporate and its officers, employees and agents in relation to information disclosed to the body corporate under subsection (4B).

          (4E)  A person must not intentionally or recklessly fail to comply with a condition imposed under subsection (4D).

Penalty:  100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

        (4EA)  If ASIC discloses information to a disciplinary body under paragraph (4)(d), the body or a member of the body:

                     (a)  must not disclose the information to any other person; and

                     (b)  must not use the information for any purpose other than for deciding whether or not to take disciplinary or other action or for taking that action.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years.

           (4F)  If information is disclosed to a body corporate under subsection (4B), the body corporate, or an officer, employee or agent of the body corporate, must not intentionally or recklessly:

                     (a)  disclose the information to a person who is not an officer, employee or agent of the body corporate; or

                     (b)  use the information.

Penalty:  100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

        (4FA)  Subsection (4F) does not apply to the extent that:

                     (a)  the person has the written consent of the Chairperson; or

                     (b)  the information is used for the purpose of monitoring compliance with, enforcing, or performing functions or exercising powers under:

                              (i)  the Corporations Act; or

                             (ii)  the business law of a State that is not in this jurisdiction; or

                            (iii)  a foreign business law; or

                            (iv)  the operating rules (if any), of the body corporate.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection, see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

             (5)  The Chairperson may delegate all or any of his or her functions and powers under subsection (2C), (4), (4A), (4B), (4D) or (4FA) to a member or staff member.

          (5A)  Regulations made for the purpose of this section may specify uses of information and disclosures of information that are authorised uses and authorised disclosures for the purposes of this section.

             (6)  Nothing in any of subsections (1A), (2), (2A), (2B), (2C), (3), (4), (4B) and (5) limits:

                     (a)  anything else in any of those subsections; or

                     (b)  what may otherwise constitute, for the purposes of subsection (1), authorised use or disclosure of information.

             (9)  In this section:

Income Tax Assessment Act means the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 or the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

protected information means information disclosed or obtained, or a document given or produced, (whether before or after the commencement of this section), for the purposes of a function in section 12A and relating to the affairs of:

                     (a)  a body or person regulated by ASIC; or

                     (b)  a body corporate (including a body corporate that has ceased to exist) that has at any time been, or is, related (within the meaning of the Corporations Act) to a body regulated by ASIC; or

                     (c)  a person who has been, is, or proposes to be, a customer of a body or person regulated by ASIC;

other than information that has already been lawfully made available to the public from other sources.

RSA Act means the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997.

SIS Act means the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993.

Part 8Finance and reporting requirements

Division 2Reporting requirements

136  Annual reports

Annual report to be given to Minister

             (1)  The Chairperson must, as soon as practicable after 30 June in each financial year, prepare and give to the Minister a report on ASIC’s operations during that financial year.

Note:          Section 34C of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 contains provisions relating to annual reports.

Contents of annual report

             (2)  A report under subsection (1) must include the following:

                     (a)  a description of the specific goals ASIC has pursued, and the priorities it has followed, during the year, in performing its functions, exercising its powers and pursuing the objects referred to in subsection 1(2) of this Act;

                     (b)  a description of the progress ASIC has made during that year towards achieving those goals;

                     (c)  a description of any matters that, during that year, have adversely affected ASIC’s effectiveness or have hindered ASIC in pursuing any of those goals and objectives;

                     (d)  a description of the performance indicators used by ASIC, and ASIC’s performance against those indicators;

                     (e)  information about the exercise during the year of ASIC’s powers under Part 15 of the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997 and under Part 29 of the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993;

                      (f)  information about ASIC’s monitoring and promotion of market integrity and consumer protection in relation to:

                              (i)  the Australian financial system; and

                             (ii)  the provision of financial services;

                     (g)  in relation to ASIC’s functions under subsection 11(14), in relation to each agreement or arrangement entered into by ASIC under that subsection, information about the activities that ASIC has undertaken during the reporting period in accordance with that agreement or arrangement;

                     (h)  the financial statements required by section 49 of the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997;

                      (i)  an audit report on those statements under section 57 of the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997;

                      (j)  information about the operation of the Business Names Registration Act 2011 including:

                              (i)  details of the level of access to the Business Names Register using the internet and other facilities; and

                             (ii)  the timeliness with which ASIC carries out its duties, functions and powers under the Act; and

                            (iii)  the cost of registration of a business name under the Act;

                     (k)  information required to be included in the report by regulations under subsection (2A).

          (2A)  The regulations may require a report under subsection (1) to include prescribed information relating to the exercise, by ASIC, members of ASIC, or staff members, of prescribed information gathering powers. For this purpose, information gathering powers includes (but is not limited to) powers to require:

                     (a)  the provision of information (however described, including by answering questions or giving evidence); or

                     (b)  the production of documents; or

                     (c)  the provision of assistance.

Note:          The information gathering powers that are prescribed may be powers conferred by this Act, or by other laws.

Annual report to be tabled in Parliament

             (3)  The Minister must cause a copy of each annual report to be tabled in each House within 15 sitting days of that House after the day on which the Minister receives the report.

Annual report to be sent to the Attorney‑General of each State and Territory

             (4)  The Minister must cause a copy of each annual report to be sent to the Attorney‑General of each State and Territory as soon as practical after the Minister receives the report.

Division 3Liability to taxation

137  Liability to taxation

             (1)  ASIC is not subject to taxation under the laws of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory.

             (2)  The regulations may provide that subsection (1) does not apply in relation to a specified law.

Note:          Despite subsection (1), ASIC may be subject to taxation under certain laws. See, for example, section 177‑5 of the A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999.

Part 9The Corporations and Markets Advisory Committee

Division 1General

146  CAMAC is a body corporate

             (1)  CAMAC:

                     (a)  is a body corporate, with perpetual succession; and

                     (b)  is to have a common seal; and

                     (c)  may acquire, hold and dispose of real and personal property; and

                     (d)  may sue and be sued in its corporate name.

Note 1:       CAMAC was (under its previous name of the Companies and Securities Advisory Committee) established by section 145 of the Australian Securities and Investments Commission Act 1989 and is continued in existence by section 261 of this Act.

Note 2:       The Convenor of CAMAC may enter into contracts on behalf of the Commonwealth. See section 44 of the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997.

             (2)  Any real or personal property held by CAMAC is held for and on behalf of the Commonwealth.

             (3)  Any money received by CAMAC is received for and on behalf of the Commonwealth.

             (4)  To avoid doubt, a right to sue is taken not to be personal property for the purposes of subsection (2).

146A  CAMAC’s liabilities are Commonwealth liabilities

             (1)  Any financial liabilities of CAMAC are taken to be liabilities of the Commonwealth.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section:

financial liability means a liability to pay a person an amount where the amount, or the method for working out the amount, has been determined.

147  Membership

             (1)  CAMAC consists of the following members, namely, the Chairperson of ASIC and such other members as hold office in accordance with this Part.

             (2)  The members (other than the Chairperson of ASIC) are to be appointed by the Minister on a part‑time basis.

             (3)  The Minister must, by writing, appoint a member (other than the Chairperson of ASIC) as the Convenor of CAMAC.

             (4)  The Minister must appoint a person as a member only if the Minister is satisfied that the person is qualified for appointment by virtue of his or her knowledge of, or experience in, one or more of the following fields, namely:

                     (a)  business;

                     (b)  administration of companies;

                     (c)  financial markets;

                     (d)  financial products and financial services;

                     (e)  law;

                      (f)  economics;

                     (g)  accounting.

             (5)  In appointing the members:

                     (a)  the Minister must have regard to the desirability of the views of business communities in this jurisdiction being adequately represented among the members; and

                     (b)  the Minister must ensure so far as practicable that at any time there is at least one member of CAMAC from each State in this jurisdiction and the Northern Territory.

             (6)  For the purposes of subsection (5), a member is from a particular State or Territory if he or she is a resident of that State or Territory.

147A  Convenor not subject to direction by CAMAC on certain matters

                   The Convenor of CAMAC is not subject to direction by CAMAC in relation to the Convenor’s performance of functions, or exercise of powers, under:

                     (a)  the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997; or

                     (b)  the Public Service Act 1999;

in relation to CAMAC.

148  Functions

                   CAMAC’s functions are, on its own initiative or when requested by the Minister, to advise the Minister, and to make to the Minister such recommendations as it thinks fit, about any matter connected with:

                     (a)  a proposal to make corporations legislation, or to make amendments of the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions); or

                     (b)  the operation or administration of the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions); or

                     (c)  law reform in relation to the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions); or

                     (d)  companies or a segment of the financial products and financial services industry; or

                     (e)  a proposal for improving the efficiency of the financial markets.

149  Term of office as member

                   Subject to this Act, a person appointed as a member holds office for such term of at least one year and at most 3 years as is specified in the instrument of appointment, but is eligible for re‑appointment.

150  Resignation

                   A person appointed as a member may resign as a member by writing signed by the person and delivered to the Minister.

151  Termination of appointment

                   The Minister may terminate the appointment of a member:

                     (a)  because of the physical or mental incapacity of the member; or

                     (b)  if the member becomes bankrupt, applies to take the benefit of a law for the relief of bankrupt or insolvent debtors, compounds with his or her creditors or assigns remuneration or property for their benefit.

152  Remuneration and allowances etc.

             (1)  A member must be paid such remuneration as is determined by the Remuneration Tribunal but, if no determination of that remuneration by the Tribunal is in operation, a member must be paid such remuneration as the Minister determines in writing.

             (2)  A member must be paid such allowances as the Minister determines in writing.

             (3)  This section has effect subject to the Remuneration Tribunal Act 1973.

             (4)  In this section:

member does not include the Chairperson of ASIC.

153  Meetings

             (1)  Where the Convenor is absent from a meeting, the members who are present at the meeting may appoint one of their number to act as Convenor for the purposes of that meeting.

          (1A)  The Chairperson of ASIC may nominate in writing a person to attend a particular meeting, or all meetings, of CAMAC at which the Chairperson is not present.

          (1B)  The Chairperson may only nominate a person who is:

                     (a)  a member of ASIC; or

                     (b)  an SES employee or acting SES employee of ASIC.

             (2)  The procedure at a meeting must be determined by the members present.

154  CAMAC to inform itself in any manner

                   For the purposes of the performance by CAMAC of any of its functions, CAMAC may inform itself in such manner as it sees fit.

155  Publication of advice or recommendations

             (1)  The Minister may, after consulting CAMAC, publish any advice or recommendations given to him or her by CAMAC.

             (2)  Nothing in subsection (1) affects the power of CAMAC to publish any advice or recommendations that it has given to the Minister.

Division 2Staff

156  Staff

             (1)  Subject to this Part, CAMAC’s staff must be persons engaged under the Public Service Act 1999.

             (2)  For the purposes of the Public Service Act 1999:

                     (a)  the Convenor and the APS employees assisting the Convenor together constitute a Statutory Agency; and

                     (b)  the Convenor is the Head of that Statutory Agency.

             (3)  In addition to the staff referred to in subsection (1), CAMAC may, on the Commonwealth’s behalf, employ under written agreements such persons as CAMAC thinks necessary for the performance or exercise of any of its functions and powers.

             (4)  The terms and conditions of employment of persons employed under subsection (3) are such as CAMAC determines from time to time with the Minister’s written approval.

157  Consultants etc.

             (1)  CAMAC may, on the Commonwealth’s behalf, engage, under written agreements, as consultants to, or to perform services for, CAMAC, in connection with the performance or exercise of any of its functions or powers, persons having suitable qualifications and experience.

             (2)  The terms and conditions of engagement of persons engaged under subsection (1) are such as CAMAC determines from time to time.

158  Staff seconded to CAMAC

                   In addition to the other staff of CAMAC:

                     (a)  officers and employees of Agencies (within the meaning of the Public Service Act 1999), and of authorities of the Commonwealth, whose services are made available to CAMAC in connection with the performance or exercise of any of its functions or powers; and

                     (b)  persons whose services are so made available under arrangements made under section 249;

are to assist CAMAC.

Division 3Liability to taxation

159  Liability to taxation

             (1)  CAMAC is not subject to taxation under the laws of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory.

             (2)  The regulations may provide that subsection (1) does not apply in relation to a specified law.

Note:          Despite subsection (1), CAMAC may be subject to taxation under certain laws. See, for example, section 177‑5 of the A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999.

Division 4Reporting requirements

162  Annual report

Annual report to be given to Minister

             (1)  The Convenor must, as soon as practicable after 30 June in each financial year, prepare and give to the Minister a report on CAMAC’s operations during that financial year.

Note:          Section 34C of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 contains provisions relating to annual reports.

Contents of annual report

             (2)  A report under subsection (1) must include the following:

                     (a)  the financial statements required by section 49 of the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997; and

                     (b)  an audit report on those statements under section 57 of the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997.

Annual report to be tabled in Parliament

             (3)  The Minister must cause a copy of each annual report to be tabled in each House within 15 sitting days of that House after the day on which the Minister receives the report.

Part 10The Takeovers Panel

Division 1General

172  Membership

             (1)  The Panel consists of such members, not fewer than 5, as hold office in accordance with this Part.

Note:          The Panel was established by section 171 of the Australian Securities and Investments Commission Act 1989 and is continued in existence by section 261 of this Act. It was renamed by the Financial Services Reform Act 2001.

             (2)  The Governor‑General is to appoint the members on the nomination of the Minister.

             (3)  Each of the members may be appointed as a full‑time member or as a part‑time member.

             (4)  The Minister must nominate a person as a member only if the Minister is satisfied that the person is qualified for appointment by virtue of his or her knowledge of, or experience in, one or more of the following fields, namely:

                     (a)  business;

                     (b)  administration of companies;

                     (c)  financial markets;

                     (d)  financial products and financial services;

                     (e)  law;

                      (f)  economics;

                     (g)  accounting.

          (4A)  Each person who is the Minister for a State in this jurisdiction or the Northern Territory may from time to time give to the Minister the names of persons who, in the opinion of the first‑mentioned Minister:

                     (a)  are qualified for appointment as members of the Panel by virtue of their knowledge of, or experience in, one or more of the following fields, namely:

                              (i)  business;

                             (ii)  administration of companies;

                            (iii)  financial markets;

                            (iv)  financial products and financial services;

                             (v)  law;

                            (vi)  economics;

                           (vii)  accounting; and

                     (b)  ought to be considered for appointment as members of the Panel.

          (4B)  In nominating persons as members of the Panel, the Minister must ensure so far as practicable that, at any time, at least one member of the Panel is a person whose name has been given to the Minister under subsection (4A).

             (5)  The performance of the functions or the exercise of the powers of the Panel is not affected merely because its membership is not as prescribed by subsections (1) and (3), unless a continuous period of 3 months has elapsed since its membership ceased to be as so prescribed.

173  President

                   The Governor‑General is to appoint as President of the Panel a person who is, or is to be, a member.

174  Functions and powers of Panel

                   The Panel has the functions and powers conferred on it by or under the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions).

175  Term of office as member

             (1)  Subject to this Act, a person appointed as a member holds office for such term of at most 5 years as is specified in the instrument of appointment, but is eligible for re‑appointment.

176  Term of office as President

             (1)  Subject to this Act, a person appointed as President holds office as such until:

                     (a)  the end of his or her current term as a member; or

                     (b)  he or she otherwise stops being a member;

whichever happens first.

             (2)  A person is not ineligible to be appointed under section 173 merely because he or she has been so appointed before.

177  Resignation

                   A person may resign as a member or President by writing signed and delivered to the Governor‑General.

178  Termination of appointment

             (1)  The Governor‑General may terminate a member’s appointment because of misbehaviour, or the physical or mental incapacity, of the member or if the member:

                     (a)  becomes bankrupt, applies to take the benefit of a law for the relief of bankrupt or insolvent debtors, compounds with his or her creditors or assigns remuneration or property for their benefit; or

                     (b)  is a full‑time member and engages without the Minister’s consent in paid employment outside the duties of the member’s office; or

                     (c)  is a full‑time member and is absent from duty, except on leave granted in accordance with section 180, for 14 consecutive days, or for 28 days in any period of 12 months; or

                     (e)  without reasonable excuse, contravenes section 185.

             (2)  The Governor‑General may, with the consent of a full‑time member who is an eligible employee, retire the member from office on the ground of incapacity.

179  Remuneration and allowances

             (1)  A member must be paid such remuneration as is determined by the Remuneration Tribunal but, if no determination of that remuneration by the Tribunal is in operation, a member must be paid such remuneration as the Minister determines in writing.

             (2)  A member must be paid such allowances as the Minister determines in writing.

             (3)  This section has effect subject to the Remuneration Tribunal Act 1973.

180  Leave of absence

             (1)  A full‑time member has such recreation leave entitlements as are determined by the Remuneration Tribunal.

             (2)  The Minister may grant a full‑time member leave of absence, other than recreation leave, on such terms and conditions as to remuneration or otherwise as the Minister determines.

181  Other terms and conditions

                   A member holds office on such terms and conditions (if any) in respect of matters not provided for by this Act as the Minister determines in writing.

182  Acting President

             (1)  The Minister may appoint a member to act as President:

                     (a)  during a vacancy in the office of President, whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office; or

                     (b)  during any period, or during all periods, when the President is absent from office.

             (2)  A person appointed under subsection (1) to act during a vacancy must not continue for more than 12 months to act during the vacancy.

183  Annual report

             (1)  The Panel must, as soon as practicable after 30 June, and in any event before 31 October, in each year:

                     (a)  prepare a report describing the operations of the Panel during the year that ended on 30 June in that year; and

                     (b)  give to the Minister a copy of the report.

             (2)  Where a copy of a report is given to the Minister under subsection (1), he or she must cause a copy of the report to be laid before each House of the Parliament within 15 sitting days of that House after he or she receives the first‑mentioned copy.

Division 2Conduct of Panel’s business

184  Constitution of Panel in relation to particular matters

             (1)  The Panel must, for the purposes of the performance or exercise of its functions or powers in relation to a particular matter, be constituted by 3 members in respect of whom a direction is in force under this section in relation to that matter.

             (2)  The President may give directions about the members (the sitting members) who are to constitute the Panel for the purposes of performing or exercising its functions or powers in relation to particular matters.

             (3)  A direction under subsection (2) must:

                     (a)  unless the sitting members include the President—designate one of them as President; and

                     (b)  in any case—designate one of the sitting members as Deputy President;

of the Panel as constituted in relation to the matter concerned.

             (4)  Where the President gives a direction as to the sitting members, he or she may:

                     (a)  at any time after the giving of the direction and before the commencement of proceedings in relation to the matter; or

                     (b)  if one of those persons ceases to be a member, or ceases to be available for the purposes of proceedings in relation to a matter, during the proceedings or after the completion of the proceedings but before the matter to which the proceedings relate is determined—at any time after the person so ceases to be a member or to be available;

revoke the direction and give a further direction under subsection (2) as to the additional members.

          (4A)  The regulations may make provision in relation to the constitution of the Panel for the purposes of conducting a review under section 657EA or 657EB of the Corporations Act.

             (5)  In this section:

functions or powers means functions or powers of the Panel under the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions).

185  Disclosure of interests by members

             (1)  Where a member is, or is to be, a member of the Panel as constituted for the purposes of the performance or exercise of its functions or powers in relation to a particular matter and the member has or acquires any interest, pecuniary or otherwise, that could conflict with the proper performance of the member’s functions in relation to that matter:

                     (a)  the member must disclose the interest to the President and to the parties involved in the matter; and

                     (b)  except with the President’s consent, the member must not take part in the performance or exercise of the Panel’s functions or powers in relation to the matter.

          (1A)  The President must not, under paragraph (1)(b), consent to a member taking part in the performance or exercise of the Panel’s functions or powers in relation to a matter unless the President believes, on reasonable grounds, that the member’s interest is immaterial or indirect and will not prevent the member from acting impartially in relation to the matter.

             (2)  Where the President becomes aware that a member who is, or is to be, a member of the Panel as constituted for the purposes of the performance or exercise of its functions or powers in relation to a particular matter has in relation to that matter such an interest as is mentioned in subsection (1), then:

                     (a)  the President must revoke the direction given under subsection 184(2) in relation to the matter unless the President believes, on reasonable grounds, that the member’s interest is immaterial or indirect and will not prevent the member from acting impartially in relation to the matter; or

                     (b)  if the President is not required to revoke that direction under paragraph (a), the President must cause the member’s interest to be disclosed to the parties involved in the matter.

             (3)  In this section:

functions or powers means functions or powers of the Panel under the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions).

186  Application of Division 2 of Part 7

                   Division 2 of Part 7 applies in relation to the Panel as if a reference in section 127 to ASIC included a reference to the Panel.

Division 3Panel proceedings

187  Interpretation

                   For the purposes of the performance or exercise, in relation to a particular matter, of any of the Panel’s functions and powers, this Division has effect as if:

                     (a)  a reference to the Panel were a reference to the Panel as constituted in relation to that matter; and

                     (b)  a reference to a member were a reference to a member of the Panel as so constituted; and

                     (c)  if the President is not a member of the Panel as so constituted—a reference to the President were a reference to the member designated, in a direction in force under subsection 184(2), as the President of the Panel as so constituted; and

                     (d)  a reference to the Deputy President were a reference to the member designated, in a direction in force under subsection 184(2), as Deputy President of the Panel as so constituted.

188  Power to conduct proceedings

             (1)  The Panel may conduct proceedings for the purposes of the performance or exercise of any of its functions and powers.

             (2)  The President may convene proceedings to be held at a place and time he or she determines.

190  Panel may restrict publication of certain material

             (1)  Where, during Panel proceedings, the Panel is satisfied that it is desirable to do so, the Panel may give directions preventing or restricting the publication of submissions or evidence made or given to, or of matters contained in documents lodged with, the Panel.

             (2)  In determining whether or not to give a direction under subsection (1), the Panel must have regard to:

                     (a)  whether submissions or evidence made or given, or that may be made or given, or a matter that has arisen or may arise, during the proceedings is of a confidential nature or relates to the commission, or to the alleged or suspected commission, of an offence against an Australian law; and

                     (b)  any unfair prejudice to a person’s reputation that would be likely to be caused unless the Panel exercises its powers under this section; and

                     (c)  whether it is in the public interest that the Panel exercises its powers under this section; and

                     (d)  any other relevant matter.

             (3)  In this section:

Panel proceedings includes a part of Panel proceedings.

192  Power to summon witnesses and take evidence

             (1)  A member may, by written summons in the prescribed form given to a person:

                     (a)  require the person to appear before the Panel at Panel proceedings to give evidence, to produce specified documents, or to do both; and

                     (b)  require the person to attend from day to day unless excused, or released from further attendance, by a member.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 198).

             (2)  In Panel proceedings, the Panel may take evidence on oath or affirmation, and for that purpose a member may:

                     (a)  require a witness in the proceedings to either take an oath or make an affirmation; and

                     (b)  administer an oath or affirmation to a witness in the proceedings.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 198).

             (3)  The oath or affirmation to be taken or made by a person for the purposes of this section is an oath or affirmation that the evidence the person will give will be true.

             (4)  The member presiding at Panel proceedings:

                     (a)  may require a witness in the proceedings to answer a question put to the witness; and

                     (b)  may require a person appearing in the proceedings pursuant to a summons issued under this section to produce a document specified in the summons.

Note:          Failure to comply with a requirement made under this subsection is an offence (see section 198).

             (5)  An offence under section 198 relating to subsection (1), (2) or (4) of this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  a person appears in Panel proceedings pursuant to a summons issued under this section; and

                     (b)  the summons was issued at a person’s request;

the person appearing is entitled to be paid the prescribed allowances and expenses (if any) by the person at whose request the summons was issued.

             (7)  The Panel may pay such amount as it thinks reasonable on account of the costs and expenses (if any) that a person incurs in complying with a requirement made under this section.

193  Quorum

                   In Panel proceedings, 2 members form a quorum.

194  Legal representation in proceedings before the Panel

                   A party to Panel proceedings may be legally represented in the proceedings only with the leave of the Panel.

195  Procedure

             (1)  Subject to subsections (2) to (4), the Panel may determine the procedural rules to be followed in Panel proceedings.

             (2)  Panel proceedings are to be conducted in accordance with (in order of priority):

                     (a)  the requirements of this Division; and

                     (b)  the requirements of the regulations.

             (3)  Without limiting paragraph (2)(b), the regulations may deal with:

                     (a)  making submissions or giving evidence in Panel proceedings; and

                     (b)  the right (if any) to appear, or be represented, in Panel proceedings; and

                     (c)  the matters that the Panel is to take into account when making a decision in the course of Panel proceedings.

             (4)  The rules of procedural fairness, to the extent that they are not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act or the regulations made under it, apply to Panel proceedings.

197  Protection of members etc.

             (1)  A member has, in the performance or exercise of any of his or her functions and powers as a member in relation to Panel proceedings, the same protection and immunity as a Justice of the High Court.

             (3)  Subject to this Act, a person who is required by a summons under section 192 to appear in Panel proceedings, or a witness in Panel proceedings, has the same protection as a witness in a proceeding in the High Court.

198  Non‑compliance with requirements made under section 192

             (1)  A person must not fail to comply with a requirement made under subsection 192(1), (2) or (4).

Penalty:  10 penalty units or imprisonment for 3 months, or both.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the extent that the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in this subsection, see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

199  False evidence

             (1)  A person must not:

                     (a)  in a written submission given to the Panel for the purposes of Panel proceedings; or

                     (b)  while appearing before the Panel in Panel proceedings;

give information or evidence that is false or misleading in a material particular.

Penalty:  10 penalty units or imprisonment for 3 months, or both.

             (2)  It is a defence to a prosecution for a contravention of subsection (1) if it is proved that the defendant, when giving the information or evidence, believed on reasonable grounds that it was true and not misleading.

Note:          A defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the matters in subsection (2), see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code.

200  Contempt of Panel

             (1)  A person must not:

                     (a)  engage in conduct that results in the obstruction or hindering of the Panel or a member in the performance or exercise of any of the Panel’s functions and powers; or

                     (b)  engage in conduct that results in the disruption of Panel proceedings.

Penalty:  50 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

             (2)  A person must not contravene a direction given under subsection 190(1).

Penalty:  50 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

          (2A)  Subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

          (2B)  Subsection (2) does not apply to the extent that the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in this subsection, see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

             (3)  An offence constituted by a contravention of subsection (1) or (2) is punishable on summary conviction.

201  Powers of Court where non‑compliance with section 192

             (1)  This section applies where the Panel, as constituted for the purposes of particular Panel proceedings, is satisfied that a person has, without reasonable excuse, failed to comply with a requirement made under section 192 in, or in relation to, those proceedings.

             (2)  The Panel as so constituted may by writing certify the failure to the Court.

             (3)  If the Panel does so, the Court may inquire into the case and may order the person to comply with the requirement as specified in the order.

201A  Undertakings to the Panel

             (1)  In Panel proceedings, the Panel may accept a written undertaking from a person affected, or likely to be affected, by the proceedings about a matter relevant to the proceedings.

             (2)  The person may withdraw or vary the undertaking at any time, but only with the consent of the Panel.

             (3)  If the Panel considers that the person has breached any of the terms of the undertaking, the Panel may apply to the Court for an order under subsection (4).

             (4)  If the Court is satisfied that the person has breached a term of the undertaking, the Court may make all or any of the following orders:

                     (a)  an order directing the person to comply with that term of the undertaking;

                     (b)  any order that the Court considers appropriate directing the person to compensate any other person who has suffered loss or damage as a result of the breach;

                     (c)  any other order that the Court considers appropriate.

Part 11Companies Auditors and Liquidators Disciplinary Board

Division 1Constitution of Disciplinary Board

203  Membership of Disciplinary Board

             (1)  The Disciplinary Board consists of:

                     (a)  a Chairperson; and

                     (b)  a Deputy Chairperson; and

                     (c)  6 members that the Minister selects who are eligible under subsection (1B) for appointment as a member; and

                     (e)  6 members that the Minister selects who are eligible under subsection (2A) for appointment as a member.

          (1A)  The accounting members are the members appointed under paragraph (1)(c), and the business members are the members appointed under paragraph (1)(e).

          (1B)  A person is eligible under this subsection for appointment as an accounting member if the person:

                     (a)  is resident in Australia; and

                     (b)  is a member of:

                              (i)  a professional accounting body; or

                             (ii)  any other body prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this subparagraph.

             (2)  A person is not eligible for appointment as Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson unless he or she is enrolled as a barrister, as a solicitor, as a barrister and solicitor or as a legal practitioner of the High Court, of any federal court or of the Supreme Court of a State or Territory and has been so enrolled for a period of at least 5 years.

          (2A)  A person is eligible under this subsection for appointment as a business member if:

                     (a)  the person is resident in Australia; and

                     (b)  the Minister is satisfied that the person is suitable for the appointment as a representative of the business community because of the person’s qualifications in, knowledge of or experience in one or more of the following fields:

                              (i)  business or commerce;

                             (ii)  the administration of companies;

                            (iii)  financial markets;

                            (iv)  financial products and financial services;

                             (v)  economics;

                            (vi)  law.

             (3)  The Chairperson, the Deputy Chairperson and each of the other members are to be appointed by the Minister on a part‑time basis.

204  Functions and powers of Disciplinary Board

                   The Disciplinary Board has the functions and powers conferred on it by or under the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions).

205  Term of office

                   Subject to this Act, the Chairperson, the Deputy Chairperson and each other member holds office for such term of at most 3 years as is specified in the instrument of his or her appointment, but is eligible for re‑appointment.

206  Resignation from office

                   A person may resign his or her office as Chairperson, Deputy Chairperson or member by writing signed and delivered to the Minister.

207  Termination of appointment

             (1)  The Minister may terminate the appointment of the Chairperson, the Deputy Chairperson or any other member because of misbehaviour or physical incapacity.

             (2)  If the Chairperson, the Deputy Chairperson or any other member:

                     (a)  is absent, without leave of the Disciplinary Board, from 3 consecutive meetings of the Board; or

                     (b)  becomes bankrupt, applies to take the benefit of a law for the relief of bankrupt or insolvent debtors, compounds with his or her creditors or assigns remuneration or property for their benefit; or

                     (c)  is convicted in Australia of an offence punishable by imprisonment for 12 months or longer; or

                     (d)  becomes of unsound mind; or

                     (e)  fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with section 211;

the Minister must terminate his or her appointment.

208  Acting Chairperson

             (1)  The Deputy Chairperson is to act as Chairperson:

                     (a)  during a vacancy in the office of Chairperson (whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office); and

                     (b)  during all periods when the Chairperson is absent from duty or from Australia or is, for any other reason, unable to perform the functions of the office.

This subsection does not, however, operate to substitute the Deputy Chairperson for the Chairperson as a member of a particular Panel of the Disciplinary Board.

             (2)  The Minister may appoint a person who is eligible for appointment as Chairperson to act as Chairperson:

                     (a)  during a vacancy in the office of Chairperson (whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office); or

                     (b)  during any period, or during all periods, when the Chairperson is absent from duty or from Australia, or is, for any reason, unable to perform the duties of the office.

             (3)  A person appointed under subsection (2) may only act as the Chairperson during a period if:

                     (a)  there is a vacancy in the office of Deputy Chairperson during that period; or

                     (b)  the Deputy Chairperson is, for any reason, unable to perform the duties of the office of Chairperson during that period.

             (4)  Anything done by, or in relation to, a person purporting to act under subsection (1) or under an appointment under subsection (2) is not invalid merely because:

                     (a)  the occasion for the appointment had not arisen; or

                     (b)  there was a defect or irregularity in connection with the appointment; or

                     (c)  the appointment had ceased to have effect; or

                     (d)  the occasion to act had not arisen or had ceased.

208A  Acting Deputy Chairperson

             (1)  The Minister may appoint a person who is eligible for appointment as Deputy Chairperson to act as Deputy Chairperson:

                     (a)  during a vacancy in the office of Deputy Chairperson (whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office); or

                     (b)  during any period, or during all periods, when the Deputy Chairperson is absent from duty or from Australia, or is, for any reason, unable to perform the duties of the office; or

                     (c)  during any period during which the Deputy Chairperson is acting as Chairperson under subsection 208(1).

             (2)  Anything done by, or in relation to, a person purporting to act under an appointment under subsection (1) is not invalid merely because:

                     (a)  the occasion for the appointment had not arisen; or

                     (b)  there was a defect or irregularity in connection with the appointment; or

                     (c)  the appointment had ceased to have effect; or

                     (d)  the occasion to act had not arisen or had ceased.

210  Meetings of the Disciplinary Board

          (1A)  This section has effect subject to section 210B (meetings of Panel of the Disciplinary Board).

             (1)  The Chairperson must convene such meetings of the Disciplinary Board as he or she considers necessary for the performance of its functions.

             (2)  The Chairperson must preside at all meetings of the Disciplinary Board.

             (3)  At a meeting of the Disciplinary Board, the Chairperson and any 5 other members (of which the Deputy Chairperson may be one) constitute a quorum.

             (4)  A question arising at a meeting of the Disciplinary Board must be determined by a majority of votes of the persons present and voting.

             (5)  At a meeting, the Chairperson has a deliberative vote and, in the event of an equality of votes, also has a casting vote.

             (6)  Subject to this section, the procedures for convening meetings of the Disciplinary Board and for the conduct of business by the Disciplinary Board must be as the Disciplinary Board determines.

210A  Panel to be constituted to deal with application

             (1)  The Disciplinary Board’s functions and powers in relation to the following matters:

                     (a)  an application to the Disciplinary Board by ASIC or APRA for a person to be dealt with under section 1292 of the Corporations Act;

                     (b)  an application by a person to the Disciplinary Board under section 1295 of the Corporations Act for the termination of the suspension of the person’s registration as an auditor or liquidator;

                     (c)  determining whether the Disciplinary Board should, of its own motion, terminate the suspension of a person’s registration as an auditor or liquidator under section 1295 of the Corporations Act;

are to be performed and exercised by a Panel of the Disciplinary Board constituted under subsection (2).

             (2)  The Chairperson is to determine, in writing, the members of the Disciplinary Board who are to constitute the Panel of the Disciplinary Board that is to hear the matter.

             (3)  Without limiting subsection (2), the Chairperson may determine that a Panel of the Disciplinary Board constituted in a particular manner is to hear matters of a particular kind, or that satisfy particular criteria, specified in the determination.

             (4)  The Panel is to be constituted as either:

                     (a)  a 5 person Panel consisting of:

                              (i)  the Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson; and

                             (ii)  2 accounting members; and

                            (iii)  2 business members; or

                     (b)  a 3 person Panel consisting of:

                              (i)  the Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson; and

                             (ii)  1 accounting member; and

                            (iii)  1 business member.

In relation to the Panel, the Chairperson or the Deputy Chairperson is the Panel Chairperson.

             (5)  If the Chairperson is satisfied that it is practicable and appropriate to do so, the Chairperson is to constitute the Panel so that it is a 5 person Panel.

             (6)  This subsection applies if:

                     (a)  a hearing in relation to a particular matter has been commenced or completed by a Panel of the Disciplinary Board; and

                     (b)  before the matter to which the proceeding relates has been determined, one of the members constituting the Panel has:

                              (i)  ceased to be a member; or

                             (ii)  ceased to be available as a member of the Panel.

             (7)  If subsection (6) applies:

                     (a)  the hearing and determination, or the determination, of the proceedings may be completed by the Panel constituted by the remaining member or members of the Panel if the parties to the proceedings agree; and

                     (b)  otherwise the matter must be reheard by a new Panel constituted by the Chairperson under subsection (2).

             (8)  If a matter is reheard under paragraph (7)(b), the new Panel may, for the purposes of performing or exercising the Disciplinary Board’s functions or powers in relation to that matter, have regard to any record of the proceedings before the Panel as previously constituted for the purposes of hearing that matter.

210B  Meetings of Panel of the Disciplinary Board

             (1)  The Panel Chairperson of a Panel of the Disciplinary Board must:

                     (a)  convene such meetings of the Panel as the Panel Chairperson considers necessary for the performance of the Panel’s functions; and

                     (b)  preside at all meetings of the Panel.

             (2)  At a meeting of a 5 person Panel of the Board, a quorum is constituted by:

                     (a)  the Panel Chairperson; and

                     (b)  an accounting member; and

                     (c)  a business member.

This subsection has effect subject to subsection 210A(7).

             (3)  At a meeting of a 3 person Panel of the Board, a quorum is constituted by:

                     (a)  the Panel Chairperson; and

                     (b)  the accounting member.

This subsection has effect subject to subsection 210A(7).

             (4)  A question arising at a meeting of a Panel of the Disciplinary Board must be determined by a majority of the votes of the members of the Panel present and voting.

             (5)  At a meeting of a Panel of the Disciplinary Board, the Panel Chairperson has a deliberative vote and, in the event of an equality of votes, also has a casting vote.

             (6)  Subject to this Part, the procedures for convening meetings of a Panel of the Disciplinary Board and for the conduct of business by a Panel of the Disciplinary Board must be as the Disciplinary Board determines.

211  Disclosure of interests

             (2)  A member who has a direct or indirect pecuniary interest in a matter being considered or about to be considered by the Disciplinary Board or a Panel of the Disciplinary Board must, as soon as possible after the relevant facts have come to his or her knowledge, disclose the nature of his or her interest at a meeting of the Disciplinary Board or the Panel.

             (3)  A disclosure under subsection (2) must be recorded in the minutes of the meeting of the Disciplinary Board or the Panel and the member must not, unless the Minister or the Disciplinary Board or the Panel otherwise determines:

                     (a)  be present during any deliberation of the Disciplinary Board or the Panel with respect to that matter; or

                     (b)  take part in any decision of the Disciplinary Board or the Panel with respect to that matter.

             (4)  For the purpose of the making of a determination by the Disciplinary Board or the Panel under subsection (3) in relation to a member who has made a disclosure under subsection (2), a member who has a direct or indirect pecuniary interest in the matter to which the disclosure relates must not:

                     (a)  be present during any deliberation of the Disciplinary Board or the Panel for the purpose of making the determination; or

                     (b)  take part in the making by the Disciplinary Board or the Panel of the determination.

212  Remuneration and allowances

             (2)  A member must be paid such remuneration as is determined by the Remuneration Tribunal but, if no determination of that remuneration by the Tribunal is in operation, a member must be paid such remuneration as the Minister determines in writing.

             (3)  A member must be paid such allowances as the Minister determines in writing.

             (4)  This section has effect subject to the Remuneration Tribunal Act 1973.

213  Confidentiality

             (1)  The Disciplinary Board must take all reasonable measures to protect from unauthorised use or disclosure information given to it in confidence in or in connection with the performance of its functions or the exercise of its powers under the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions).

          (1A)  For the purposes of this section, information given to a Panel of the Disciplinary Board is taken to be given to the Disciplinary Board.

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), the disclosure of information:

                     (a)  as required or permitted by a law of the Commonwealth or a prescribed law of a State or Territory; or

                    (aa)  to the FRC for the purposes of its performance of its functions under the corporations legislation; or

                   (ab)  in order to enable or assist:

                              (i)  a professional accounting body; or

                             (ii)  another body prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph;

                            to perform its disciplinary function in relation to its members; or

                     (b)  in order to enable or assist an authority or person in:

                              (i)  a State or Territory; or

                             (ii)  a country outside Australia and the external Territories;

                            to perform or exercise a function or power that corresponds, or is analogous, to any of the Disciplinary Board’s, or ASIC’s functions and powers;

is taken to be authorised disclosure of the information.

214  Annual report

             (1)  The Disciplinary Board must, as soon as practicable after 30 June, and in any event before 31 October, in each year:

                     (a)  prepare a report describing the operations of the Disciplinary Board during the year that ended on 30 June in that year; and

                     (b)  give to the Minister a copy of the report.

             (2)  Where a copy of a report is given to the Minister under subsection (1), he or she must cause a copy of the report to be laid before each House of the Parliament within 15 sitting days of that House after he or she receives the first‑mentioned copy.

Division 2Hearings by Disciplinary Board

215  Definition

                   In this Division:

hearing means a hearing held by a Panel of the Disciplinary Board under this Division.

216  Hearings

             (1)  A Panel of the Disciplinary Board constituted to hear a matter may, at a meeting of the Panel, hold a hearing for the purpose of performing or exercising the Disciplinary Board’s functions or powers in relation to that matter.

             (2)  Subject to subsection (3), hearings must take place in private.

             (3)  If a person (other than ASIC or APRA) who is entitled to be given an opportunity to appear at a hearing requests that the hearing take place in public, the hearing must, subject to any directions of the Panel under subsection (5), take place in public.

             (4)  The Panel may give directions as to the persons who may be present at a hearing that is to take place in private.

             (5)  Where, at a hearing that is taking place in public at the request of a person, the Panel is satisfied that it is desirable to do so by reason of the confidential nature of any evidence or matter or in order to protect the interests of any other person, the Panel may:

                     (a)  direct that a part of the hearing take place in private and give directions as to the persons who may be present; or

                     (b)  give directions preventing or restricting the publication of evidence given before the Panel or of matters contained in documents lodged with or produced to the Panel.

             (6)  Nothing in a direction given by the Panel under subsection (4) or paragraph (5)(a) prevents the presence at a hearing of:

                     (a)  a person representing ASIC or APRA pursuant to subsection 218(3); or

                     (b)  a person who is entitled to be given an opportunity to appear at the hearing; or

                     (c)  a person representing, pursuant to subsection 218(3), a person referred to in paragraph (b); or

                     (d)  a person representing, pursuant to subsection 218(3), a person who, by reason of a direction given by the Panel under subsection (4), or paragraph (5)(a), of this section is entitled to be present at the hearing.

             (7)  Where the Panel directs that a hearing or part of a hearing take place in private, a person (other than the Panel Chairperson, a member of the Panel or a member of the staff of the Disciplinary Board approved by the Panel) must not be present at the hearing unless he or she is entitled to be present by virtue of the direction or by virtue of subsection (6).

Penalty:  10 penalty units or imprisonment for 3 months.

          (7A)  Subsection (7) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (8)  Where the Panel is required to give a person an opportunity to appear at a hearing, the Panel must appoint a day, time and place for the hearing and cause notice in writing of the day, time and place to be given to the person.

             (9)  A person who is entitled to be given an opportunity to appear at a hearing and who does not wish to appear at the hearing may, before the day of the hearing, lodge with the Disciplinary Board in writing any submissions that he, she or it wishes the Panel to take into account in relation to the matter.

           (10)  The Panel must take into account:

                     (a)  a submission made to or evidence adduced before the Panel; and

                     (b)  a submission lodged with the Disciplinary Board in relation to the matter to which the hearing relates;

when making any decision on the matter to which the submission or evidence relates.

217  Power to summon witnesses and take evidence

             (1)  The Panel Chairperson or a member of the Panel may summon a person to appear at a hearing to give evidence and to produce such documents (if any) as are referred to in the summons, being documents relating to the matters that are the subject of the hearing.

             (2)  The Panel may, at a hearing, take evidence on oath or affirmation and for that purpose the Panel Chairperson may:

                     (a)  require a person appearing at the hearing to give evidence to either take an oath or make an affirmation; and

                     (b)  administer an oath or affirmation to a person so appearing at the hearing.

             (3)  The oath or affirmation to be taken or made by a person for the purposes of subsection (2) is an oath or affirmation that the evidence he or she will give will be true.

218  Proceedings at hearings

             (1)  At a hearing:

                     (a)  the proceedings must be conducted with as little formality and technicality, and with as much expedition, as the requirements of the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions) and a proper consideration of the matters before the Panel permit; and

                     (b)  the Panel is not bound by the rules of evidence; and

                     (c)  the Panel may, on such conditions as it thinks fit, permit a person to intervene in the proceedings.

             (2)  The Panel must observe the rules of natural justice at and in connection with a hearing.

             (3)  At a hearing:

                     (a)  ASIC or APRA may be represented by:

                              (i)  a staff member, or a member or acting member, of ASIC or APRA; or

                             (ii)  a person authorised by ASIC or APRA for the purpose; and

                     (b)  a natural person may appear in person or may be represented by an employee of the person approved by the Panel; and

                     (c)  a body corporate (other than ASIC or APRA) may be represented by an employee, or by a director or other officer, of the body corporate approved by the Panel; and

                     (d)  an unincorporated association of persons or a member of an unincorporated association of persons may be represented by a member, officer or employee of the association approved by the Panel; and

                     (e)  any person may be represented by a barrister or solicitor of the Supreme Court of a State or Territory or of the High Court.

             (4)  A person who attends at a hearing pursuant to a summons issued under subsection 217(1) is entitled to be paid:

                     (a)  in a case where the summons was issued at another person’s request—by that other person; or

                     (b)  in any other case—by the Disciplinary Board;

such allowances and expenses as are provided for by the regulations.

             (5)  The Panel may permit a person appearing as a witness at a hearing to give evidence by tendering, and, if the Panel thinks fit, verifying by oath, a written statement.

219  Failure of witnesses to attend and answer questions

             (1)  A person served, as prescribed, with a summons to appear as a witness at a hearing must not:

                     (a)  fail to attend as required by the summons; or

                     (b)  fail to attend from day to day unless excused, or released from further attendance, by the Panel Chairperson.

             (2)  A person appearing as a witness at a hearing must not:

                     (a)  when required pursuant to subsection 217(2) to either take an oath or make an affirmation—refuse or fail to comply with the requirement; or

                     (b)  refuse or fail to answer a question that he or she is required to answer by the Panel Chairperson; or

                     (c)  refuse or fail to produce a document that he or she was required to produce by a summons under subsection 217(1) served on him or her as prescribed.

          (2A)  Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply to the extent that the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection, see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

             (3)  A person must not, at a hearing, give evidence that is false or misleading.

             (4)  A person must not contravene subsection (1), (2) or (3).

Penalty:  10 penalty units or imprisonment for 3 months.

             (5)  A person who contravenes subsection (3) is not guilty of an offence against subsection (4) if it is proved that he or she, when giving the evidence, believed on reasonable grounds that it was true and not misleading.

             (6)  Where the Panel is satisfied that:

                     (a)  a person served, as prescribed, with a summons to appear as a witness at a hearing has, without reasonable excuse, failed to attend as required by paragraph (1)(a) or (b); or

                     (b)  a person appearing as a witness at a hearing has, without reasonable excuse:

                              (i)  when required pursuant to subsection 217(2) either to take an oath or make an affirmation; or

                             (ii)  when required by the Panel Chairperson to answer a question; or

                            (iii)  when required to produce a document by a summons under subsection 217(1) served on him or her as prescribed;

                            refused or failed to comply with the requirement;

the Panel Chairperson may, by instrument in writing, certify the failure to attend or the refusal or failure to comply with the requirement, as the case may be, to the Court.

             (7)  Where a certificate is given under subsection (6), the Court may inquire into the case and, if it is satisfied that the person to whom the certificate relates has, without reasonable excuse, failed to attend or refused or failed to comply with a requirement as mentioned in the certificate:

                     (a)  may order the person to attend or to comply with the requirement at a hearing to be held at a time and place specified in the order; or

                     (b)  may punish the person in the same manner as if he or she had been guilty of contempt of the Court and, if it thinks fit, also make an order under paragraph (a).

220  Contempt of Disciplinary Board

             (1)  A person must not:

                     (a)  engage in conduct that results in the obstruction or hindering of a Panel of the Disciplinary Board, or a member of the Panel, in the performance or exercise of any of the Disciplinary Board’s functions or powers; or

                     (b)  engage in conduct that results in the disruption of a hearing.

Penalty:  10 penalty units or imprisonment for 3 months.

             (2)  A person must not contravene a direction given under paragraph 216(5)(b).

Penalty:  10 penalty units or imprisonment for 3 months.

          (2A)  Subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

          (2B)  Subsection (2) does not apply to the extent that the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection, see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

             (3)  An offence constituted by a contravention of subsection (1) or (2) is punishable on summary conviction.

221  Protection of members etc.

             (1)  The Panel Chairperson or a member of the Panel has, in the performance of his or her functions or the exercise of his or her powers as the Panel Chairperson or a member of the Panel in relation to a hearing, the same protection and immunity as a Justice of the High Court.

          (1A)  The Chairperson of the Board has, in the performance of his or her functions or the exercise of his or her powers in relation to a conference under section 1294A of the Corporations Act, the same protection and immunity as a Justice of the High Court.

             (2)  A barrister, solicitor or other person appearing on behalf of a person at a hearing has the same protection and immunity as a barrister has in appearing for a party in proceedings in the High Court.

          (2A)  A barrister, solicitor or other person appearing on behalf of a person at a conference under section 1294A of the Corporations Act has the same protection and immunity as a barrister has in appearing for a party in proceedings in the High Court.

             (3)  Subject to this Act, a person summoned to attend or appearing as a witness at a hearing has the same protection as a witness in proceedings in the High Court.

222  Hearings taken to be judicial proceedings

                   A hearing is, for the purposes of Part III of the Crimes Act 1914, taken to be a judicial proceeding.

223  Costs

             (1)  Where:

                     (a)  the Panel holds a hearing in relation to a person in accordance with subsection 1294(1) of the Corporations Act; and

                     (b)  the Panel cancels or suspends the registration of the person as an auditor, as a liquidator or as a liquidator of a specified body corporate, or deals with the person:

                              (i)  by admonishing or reprimanding the person; or

                             (ii)  by requiring the person to give an undertaking to engage in, or to refrain from engaging in, specified conduct;

the Panel may require the person to pay an amount specified by the Panel, being all or part of:

                     (c)  the costs of and incidental to the hearing; or

                     (d)  the costs of ASIC or APRA in relation to the hearing; or

                     (e)  the costs mentioned in paragraph (c) and the costs mentioned in paragraph (d).

             (2)  Where:

                     (a)  the Panel holds a hearing in relation to a person in accordance with subsection 1294(1) of the Corporations Act; and

                     (b)  the Panel refuses to make an order cancelling or suspending the registration of the person as an auditor, as a liquidator or as a liquidator of a specified body corporate, as the case requires, and does not deal with the person in any of the ways mentioned in subparagraphs (1)(b)(i) and (ii);

the Panel may require ASIC or APRA to pay an amount specified by the Panel, being all or part of:

                     (c)  the costs of and incidental to the hearing; or

                     (d)  the costs of the person in relation to the hearing; or

                     (e)  the costs mentioned in paragraph (c) and the costs mentioned in paragraph (d).

             (3)  Where:

                     (a)  under subsection (1), the Panel requires a person to pay all or part of the costs of and incidental to a hearing held by the Panel in relation to the person (whether or not the Panel also requires the person to pay all or part of ASIC’s costs in relation to the hearing); or

                     (b)  under subsection (2), the Panel requires ASIC or APRA to pay all or part of the costs of and incidental to a hearing held by the Panel in relation to a person (whether or not the Panel also requires ASIC or APRA to pay all or part of the costs of the person in relation to the hearing);

the amount of the costs of and incidental to the hearing so required to be paid by the first‑mentioned person or by ASIC or APRA, as the case may be, may be recovered in a court of competent jurisdiction as a debt due to the Commonwealth.

             (4)  Where, under subsection (1), the Panel requires a person to pay all or part of ASIC’s costs or APRA’s costs in relation to a hearing held by the Panel in relation to the person (whether or not the Panel also requires the person to pay all or part of the costs of and incidental to the hearing), the amount of ASIC’s costs or APRA’s costs so required to be paid by the person may be recovered in a court of competent jurisdiction as a debt due to the Commonwealth.

             (5)  Where, under subsection (2), the Panel requires ASIC or APRA to pay all or part of the costs of a person in relation to a hearing held by the Panel in relation to the person (whether or not the Panel also requires ASIC or APRA to pay all or part of the costs of and incidental to the hearing), the amount of the costs of the person so required to be paid by ASIC or APRA may be recovered in a court of competent jurisdiction as a debt due to the person.

Part 12The Australian financial reporting system

  

224  Main objects of this Part

                   The main objects of this Part are:

                     (a)  to facilitate the development of accounting standards that require the provision of financial information that:

                              (i)  allows users to make and evaluate decisions about allocating scarce resources; and

                             (ii)  assists directors to discharge their obligations in relation to financial reporting; and

                            (iii)  is relevant to assessing performance, financial position, financing and investment; and

                            (iv)  is relevant and reliable; and

                             (v)  facilitates comparability; and

                            (vi)  is readily understandable; and

                    (aa)  to facilitate the development of auditing and assurance standards and related guidance materials that:

                              (i)  provide Australian auditors with relevant and comprehensive guidance in forming an opinion about, and reporting on, whether financial reports comply with the requirements of the Corporations Act; and

                             (ii)  require the preparation of auditors’ reports that are reliable and readily understandable by the users of the financial reports to which they relate; and

                     (b)  to facilitate the Australian economy by:

                              (i)  reducing the cost of capital; and

                             (ii)  enabling Australian entities to compete effectively overseas; and

                            (iii)  having accounting and auditing standards that are clearly stated and easy to understand; and

                     (c)  to maintain investor confidence in the Australian economy (including its capital markets).

Division 1The financial reporting system

Subdivision AThe Financial Reporting Council

225  Functions and powers of the Financial Reporting Council

Functions generally

             (1)  The FRC functions are:

                     (a)  to provide broad oversight of the processes for setting accounting standards in Australia; and

                     (b)  to provide broad oversight of the processes for setting auditing standards in Australia; and

                     (d)  to give the Minister reports and advice about the matters referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b); and

                     (e)  the functions specified in subsections (2) (specific accounting standards functions), (2A) (specific auditing standards functions) and (2B) (specific auditor quality functions); and

                      (f)  to establish appropriate consultative mechanisms; and

                     (g)  to advance and promote the main objects of this Part; and

                     (h)  any other functions that the Minister confers on the FRC by written notice to the FRC Chair.

Note:          The FRC was established by subsection 225(1) of the Australian Securities and Investments Commission Act 1989 and is continued in existence by section 261 of this Act.

Specific accounting standards functions

             (2)  The FRC functions include:

                     (a)  appointing the members of the AASB (other than the Chair); and

                     (b)  giving the AASB advice or feedback on the AASB’s:

                              (i)  priorities; and

                             (ii)  business plans; and

                            (iii)  procedures; and

                   (ba)  giving the Office of the AASB advice or feedback on the Office’s:

                              (i)  budgets; and

                             (ii)  staffing arrangements (including level, structure and composition of staffing); and

                     (c)  determining the AASB’s broad strategic direction; and

                     (e)  monitoring the development of international accounting standards and the accounting standards that apply in major international financial centres; and

                      (f)  furthering the development of a single set of accounting standards for world‑wide use with appropriate regard to international developments; and

                     (g)  promoting the continued adoption of international best practice accounting standards in the Australian accounting standard setting processes if doing so would be in the best interests of both the private and public sectors in the Australian economy; and

                     (h)  monitoring:

                              (i)  the operation of accounting standards to assess their continued relevance and their effectiveness in achieving their objectives in respect of both the private and public sectors of the Australian economy; and

                             (ii)  the effectiveness of the consultative arrangements used by the AASB.

Specific auditing standards functions

          (2A)  The FRC functions include:

                     (a)  appointing the members of the AUASB (other than the Chair); and

                     (b)  giving the AUASB advice or feedback on the AUASB’s:

                              (i)  priorities; and

                             (ii)  business plans; and

                            (iii)  procedures; and

                   (ba)  giving the Office of the AUASB advice or feedback on the Office’s:

                              (i)  budgets; and

                             (ii)  staffing arrangements (including level, structure and composition of staffing); and

                     (c)  determining the AUASB’s broad strategic direction; and

                     (e)  monitoring the development of international auditing standards and the auditing standards that apply in major international financial centres; and

                      (f)  furthering the development of a single set of auditing standards for world‑wide use with appropriate regard to international developments; and

                     (g)  promoting the continued adoption of international best practice auditing standards in the Australian auditing standard setting processes if doing so would be in the best interests of both the private and public sectors in the Australian economy; and

                     (h)  monitoring:

                              (i)  the operation of auditing standards to assess their continued relevance and their effectiveness in achieving their objectives in respect of both the private and public sectors of the Australian economy; and

                             (ii)  the effectiveness of the consultative arrangements used by the AUASB.

Specific auditor quality functions

          (2B)  The FRC functions include giving strategic policy advice and reports, to the Minister and professional accounting bodies, in relation to the quality of audits conducted by Australian auditors.

          (2C)  Without limiting subsection (2B), the FRC functions also include giving strategic policy advice and reports, to the Minister and professional accounting bodies, in relation to any of the following:

                     (a)  the systems and processes used by Australian auditors to comply with:

                              (i)  the provisions of the Corporations Act dealing with the conduct of audits; and

                             (ii)  the auditing standards; and

                            (iii)  applicable codes of professional conduct;

                     (b)  the systems and processes used by professional accounting bodies for planning and performing quality assurance reviews of audit work undertaken by Australian auditors;

                     (c)  the action that Australian auditors who have been subject to such quality assurance reviews have taken in response to the reports prepared as a result of those reviews;

                     (d)  the action taken by professional accounting bodies to ensure that Australian auditors who have been subject to such quality assurance reviews respond appropriately to the reports prepared as a result of those reviews;

                     (e)  the investigation and disciplinary procedures of professional accounting bodies as those procedures apply to Australian auditors;

                      (f)  the adequacy of:

                              (i)  the provisions of the Corporations Act dealing with the conduct of audits; and

                             (ii)  the auditing standards; and

                            (iii)  applicable codes of professional conduct;

                            in light of international developments in relation to audit quality;

                     (g)  the teaching of professional and business ethics by, or on behalf of, professional accounting bodies to the extent to which the teaching of those subjects relates to audit quality.

          (2D)  A report under subsection (2B) or (2C) is not a legislative instrument.

Powers

             (3)  As well as any other powers conferred by this Act, the FRC has power to do all things necessary or convenient to be done for or in connection with the performance of its functions.

             (4)  Without limiting subsection (3), the FRC may establish committees and advisory groups.

Restriction on powers

             (5)  The FRC does not have power to direct the AASB in relation to the development, or making, of a particular standard.

             (6)  The FRC does not have power to veto a standard made, formulated or recommended by the AASB.

             (7)  The FRC does not have power to direct the AUASB in relation to the development, or making, of a particular auditing standard.

             (8)  The FRC does not have power to veto a standard made, formulated or recommended by the AUASB.

225A  Financial Reporting Council’s information gathering powers

             (1)  The Chair of the FRC, acting on behalf of the FRC, may give a professional accounting body a written notice requiring the body to give the FRC:

                     (a)  a copy of:

                              (i)  a code of professional conduct of the body; or

                             (ii)  a proposed code of professional conduct of the body; or

                            (iii)  a proposed amendment of a code of professional conduct of the body; or

                     (b)  information about the body’s planning or performance of quality assurance reviews; or

                     (c)  details of the body’s investigation or disciplinary procedures.

             (2)  The notice may require the body to give the FRC information under paragraph (1)(b) or (c) only to the extent to which the information relates to audit work done by Australian auditors.

             (3)  A professional accounting body has qualified privilege in respect of a disclosure made by the body in response to a notice given to the body under subsection (1).

             (4)  A person has qualified privilege in respect of a disclosure made by the person, on behalf of a professional accounting body, in response to a notice given to the professional body under subsection (1).

             (7)  The notice under subsection (1) must specify:

                     (a)  the information or documents the professional accounting body must give; and

                     (b)  the period within which the body must give the information or documents.

The period specified under paragraph (b) must be not less than 28 days after the day on which the notice is given.

             (8)  The Chair of the FRC, acting on behalf of the FRC, may, by written notice to the professional accounting body, extend the period within which the body must give the information or documents.

             (9)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the Chair of the FRC gives the person notice under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  the person does not comply with the notice.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

           (10)  An offence against subsection (9) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Subdivision BThe Australian Accounting Standards Board and the Office of the Australian Accounting Standards Board

226  The Office of the Australian Accounting Standards Board

             (1)  The Office of the Australian Accounting Standards Board is established.

             (2)  The Office of the AASB consists of:

                     (a)  the Chair of the AASB; and

                     (b)  the other members of the AASB; and

                     (c)  the staff of the Office of the AASB.

Note:          The Office of the AASB does not have a legal identity separate from the Commonwealth.

226A  Office of the AASB’s functions and powers

             (1)  The Office of the AASB has the following functions:

                     (a)  to make such arrangements as are necessary to give effect to the decisions of the AASB;

                     (b)  to provide technical services to the AASB;

                     (c)  to provide administrative services to the AASB;

                     (d)  to provide information to the AASB;

                     (e)  to advise the AASB about the performance of any of the AASB’s functions;

                      (f)  to make resources and facilities (including meeting facilities, communication facilities and secretariat services) available to the AASB;

                     (g)  such other functions as are conferred on the Office by this Act;

                     (h)  to do anything incidental to, or conducive to, the performance of any of the above functions.

             (2)  The Office of the AASB has power to:

                     (a)  establish committees, advisory panels and consultative groups; and

                     (b)  receive money contributed towards its or the AASB’s operating costs; and

                     (c)  do anything else that is necessary for, or reasonably incidental to, the performance of its functions.

227  AASB’s functions and powers

Functions

             (1)  The functions of the AASB are:

                     (a)  to develop a conceptual framework, not having the force of an accounting standard, for the purpose of evaluating proposed accounting standards and international standards; and

                     (b)  to make accounting standards under section 334 of the Corporations Act for the purposes of the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions); and

                     (c)  to formulate accounting standards for other purposes; and

                     (d)  to participate in and contribute to the development of a single set of accounting standards for world‑wide use; and

                     (e)  to advance and promote the main objects of this Part.

Note 1:       The AASB was established by subsection 226(1) of the Australian Securities and Investments Commission Act 1989 and is continued in existence by section 261 of this Act.

Note 2:       The standards made under paragraph (b) are given legal effect by the Corporations Act. The standards formulated under paragraph (c) do not have legal effect under the Corporations Act itself but may be applied or adopted by some other authority.

Note 3:       See section 224 and sections 228 to 233 for the framework within which the AASB is to formulate and make accounting standards.

             (2)  In carrying out its functions under paragraphs (1)(a) and (d), the AASB must have regard to the interests of Australian corporations which raise or propose to raise capital in major international financial centres.

Power to establish committees etc.

             (3)  The AASB has power to establish committees, advisory panels and consultative groups.

Manner of making and formulating standards

             (4)  Without limiting paragraph (1)(b) or (c), the AASB may make or formulate an accounting standard by issuing the text of an international accounting standard. The text of the international accounting standard may be modified to the extent necessary to take account of the Australian legal or institutional environment and, in particular, to ensure that any disclosure and transparency provisions in the standard are appropriate to the Australian legal or institutional environment.

Manner of participating in the development of international standards

             (5)  Without limiting paragraph (1)(d), the AASB may distribute the text of a draft international accounting standard (whether or not modified to take account of the Australian legal or institutional environment) for the purposes of consultation.

Subdivision CThe Auditing and Assurance Standards Board and the Office of the Auditing and Assurance Standards Board

227AA  The Office of the Auditing and Assurance Standards Board

             (1)  The Office of the Auditing and Assurance Standards Board is established.

             (2)  The Office of the AUASB consists of:

                     (a)  the Chair of the AUASB; and

                     (b)  the other members of the AUASB; and

                     (c)  the staff of the Office of the AUASB.

Note:          The Office of the AUASB does not have a legal identity separate from the Commonwealth.

227AB  Office of the AUASB’s functions and powers

             (1)  The Office of the AUASB has the following functions:

                     (a)  to make such arrangements as are necessary to give effect to the decisions of the AUASB;

                     (b)  to provide technical services to the AUASB;

                     (c)  to provide administrative services to the AUASB;

                     (d)  to provide information to the AUASB;

                     (e)  to advise the AUASB about the performance of any of the AUASB’s functions;

                      (f)  to make resources and facilities (including meeting facilities, communication facilities and secretariat services) available to the AUASB;

                     (g)  such other functions as are conferred on the Office by this Act;

                     (h)  to do anything incidental to, or conducive to, the performance of any of the above functions.

             (2)  The Office of the AUASB has power to:

                     (a)  establish committees, advisory panels and consultative groups; and

                     (b)  receive money contributed towards its or the AUASB’s operating costs; and

                     (c)  do anything else that is necessary for, or reasonably incidental to, the performance of its functions.

227A  The Auditing and Assurance Standards Board

                   The Auditing and Assurance Standards Board is established.

227B  AUASB’s functions and powers

Functions

             (1)  The functions of the AUASB are:

                     (a)  to make auditing standards under section 336 of the Corporations Act for the purposes of the corporations legislation; and

                     (b)  to formulate auditing and assurance standards for other purposes; and

                     (c)  to formulate guidance on auditing and assurance matters; and

                     (d)  to participate in and contribute to the development of a single set of auditing standards for world‑wide use; and

                     (e)  to advance and promote the main objects of this Part.

Note 1:       The standards made under paragraph (a) are given legal effect by the Corporations Act. The standards formulated under paragraph (b) do not have legal effect under the Corporations Act itself but may be applied or adopted by some other authority.

Note 2:       See section 224 and sections 234A to 234D for the framework within which the AUASB is to formulate and make auditing standards.

Power to establish committees etc.

             (2)  The AUASB has power to establish committees, advisory panels and consultative groups.

Manner of making and formulating standards

             (3)  Without limiting paragraph (1)(a) or (b), the AUASB may make or formulate an auditing standard by issuing the text of an international auditing standard.

             (4)  The text of the international auditing standard may be modified to the extent necessary to take account of the Australian legal or institutional environment.

Manner of participating in the development of international standards

             (5)  Without limiting paragraph (1)(d), the AUASB may distribute the text of a draft international auditing standard (whether or not modified to take account of the Australian legal or institutional environment) for the purposes of consultation.

Division 2Accounting standards

228  Purposive interpretation of standards

Objects of this Part

             (1)  In interpreting an accounting standard made or formulated by the AASB, a construction that would promote the objects of this Part is to be preferred to a construction that would not promote those objects.

Note:          Section 224 states the main objects of this Part.

Purposes or objects of particular standard

             (2)  In interpreting an accounting standard made or formulated by the AASB, a construction that would promote a purpose or object of the standard (to the extent to which it is not inconsistent with the objects of this Part) is to be preferred to a construction that would not promote that purpose or object. This is so even if the purpose or object is not expressly stated in the standard.

229  Generic and specific standards

             (1)  Accounting standards made or formulated by the AASB may:

                     (a)  be of general or limited application (including a limitation to specified bodies or undertakings); and

                     (b)  differ according to differences in time, place or circumstance.

             (2)  In making and formulating accounting standards, the AASB:

                     (a)  must have regard to the suitability of a proposed standard for different types of entities; and

                     (b)  may apply different accounting requirements to different types of entities; and

                     (c)  must ensure that there are appropriate accounting standards for each type of entity that must comply with accounting standards.

230  Comparative amounts

                   The accounting standards for the preparation of financial reports for a period may require the inclusion in those reports of comparative amounts for earlier periods.

231  Cost/benefit analysis

             (1)  The AASB must carry out a cost/benefit analysis of the impact of a proposed accounting standard before making or formulating the standard. This does not apply where the standard is being made or formulated by issuing the text of an international standard (whether or not modified to take account of the Australian legal or institutional environment).

Note:          Subsection 227(4) allows the AASB to make or formulate a standard by issuing the text of an international standard. Under subsection (2) of this section, the AASB will have done a cost/benefit analysis of the international standard used in that way.

             (2)  The AASB must carry out a cost/benefit analysis of the impact of a proposed international accounting standard before:

                     (a)  providing comments on a draft of the standard; or

                     (b)  proposing the standard for adoption as an international standard.

             (3)  The AASB has to comply with subsections (1) and (2) only to the extent to which it is reasonably practicable to do so in the circumstances.

             (4)  The Minister may direct the AASB to give the Minister details of a cost/benefit analysis carried out under this section. The AASB must comply with the direction.

232  FRC views

                   In performing its functions, the AASB must follow the broad strategic direction determined by the FRC under paragraph 225(2)(c).

233  International accounting standards

                   The Minister may give the AASB a direction about the role of international accounting standards in the Australian accounting standard setting system. Before giving a direction under this section, the Minister must receive and consider a report from the FRC about the desirability of giving the direction. The AASB must comply with the direction.

234  Validity of accounting standards

                   A failure to comply with this Division in relation to the making of an accounting standard does not affect the validity of the standard.

Division 2AAuditing standards

234A  Purposive interpretation of standards

Objects of this Part

             (1)  In interpreting an auditing standard made or formulated by the AUASB, a construction that would promote the objects of this Part is to be preferred to a construction that would not promote those objects.

Note:          Section 224 states the main objects of this Part.

Purposes or objects of particular standard

             (2)  In interpreting an auditing standard made or formulated by the AUASB, a construction that would promote a purpose or object of the standard (to the extent to which it is not inconsistent with the objects of this Part) is to be preferred to a construction that would not promote that purpose or object. This is so even if the purpose or object is not expressly stated in the standard.

234B  Generic and specific standards

                   Auditing standards made or formulated by the AUASB may:

                     (a)  be of general or limited application (including a limitation to different types of audit and specified industries, bodies or undertakings); and

                     (b)  differ according to differences in time, place or circumstance.

234C  FRC views

                   In performing its functions, the AUASB must follow the broad strategic direction determined by the FRC under paragraph 225(2A)(c).

234D  International auditing standards

             (1)  The Minister may give the AUASB a direction about the role of international auditing standards in the Australian auditing standard setting system.

             (2)  Before giving a direction under this section, the Minister must receive and consider a report from the FRC about the desirability of giving the direction.

             (3)  The AUASB must comply with the direction.

234E  Validity of auditing standards

                   A failure to comply with this Division in relation to the making of an auditing standard does not affect the validity of the standard.

Division 3Administrative provisions

Subdivision AThe Financial Reporting Council

235A  Membership of FRC

             (1)  The members of the FRC are appointed by the Minister in writing. The Minister may appoint a person by specifying an organisation or body that is to choose the person who is appointed.

             (2)  The members hold office on the terms and conditions that are determined by the Minister.

             (3)  The Minister must appoint one of the members to be Chair of the FRC. The appointment must be in writing. The FRC may appoint one of its members to be Deputy Chair of the FRC.

235B  Annual report

             (1)  As soon as practicable after 30 June in each year, and in any event before 31 October, the FRC must give the Minister a report on:

                     (a)  the operations of the FRC and its committees and advisory groups; and

                     (b)  the achievement of the objects set out in section 224;

during the year that ended on 30 June in that year.

             (2)  The report must include details of any advice or feedback that the FRC gave under paragraph 225(2)(b) or (ba) or (2A)(b) or (ba) during the year that ended on that 30 June.

             (3)  The Minister may grant an extension of time in special circumstances.

             (4)  The Minister must table the report in each House of the Parliament as soon as practicable.

235C  Procedure

                   The FRC may determine its own procedural rules (including rules as to notice of meetings, quorum and voting).

Subdivision AAThe Office of the AASB

235D  Duties of the Chair of the AASB

             (1)  The Chair of the AASB, under the Minister, is responsible for managing the Office of the AASB.

             (2)  In particular, the Chair of the AASB is responsible for approving:

                     (a)  the AASB’s priorities, business plans and procedures; and

                     (b)  the Office of the AASB’s budgets and staffing arrangements (including level, structure and composition of staffing).

             (3)  If the Chair of the AASB takes action that is inconsistent with any advice the FRC has given under paragraph 225(2)(b) or (ba), he or she must:

                     (a)  make a written record of his or her reasons for not following the advice; and

                     (b)  give a copy of the advice and of his or her reasons to the Minister; and

                     (c)  include a copy of the advice and of his or her reasons in the annual report under section 235J.

235E  Staff of the Office of the AASB

Employment of staff

             (1)  The Chair of the AASB may, on behalf of the Commonwealth, employ such staff under written agreements as the Chair thinks necessary to employ to assist the Office of the AASB in the performance of its functions and the exercise of its powers.

             (2)  The terms and conditions of staff employed under subsection (1) are as determined in writing by the Chair.

Note:          For variation and revocation, see subsection 33(3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

Office of the AASB Code of Conduct

             (3)  The Chair of the AASB must determine, in writing, the Office of the AASB Code of Conduct.

Note:          For variation and revocation, see subsection 33(3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (4)  The Office of the AASB Code of Conduct applies to the Chair of the AASB and staff appointed under subsection (1).

             (5)  An instrument made under subsection (3) is not a legislative instrument.

Engagement of staff under the Public Service Act 1999

             (6)  Without limiting subsections (1) and (2), staff of the Office of the AASB may be engaged under the Public Service Act 1999.

             (7)  For the purposes of the Public Service Act 1999:

                     (a)  the Chair of the AASB and the staff of the Office of the AASB referred to in subsection (6) together constitute a Statutory Agency; and

                     (b)  the Chair of the AASB is the Head of that Statutory Agency.

235F  Consultants and persons seconded to the Office of the AASB

             (1)  The Chair of the AASB may, on behalf of the Commonwealth, engage consultants to perform services for the Office of the AASB in connection with the performance of any of its functions.

             (2)  The terms and conditions of engagement are as determined in writing by the Chair.

Note:          For variation and revocation, see subsection 33(3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (3)  The Office of the AASB may also be assisted:

                     (a)  by employees of Agencies (within the meaning of the Public Service Act 1999); and

                     (b)  by officers and employees of authorities of the Commonwealth; and

                     (c)  by employees of Commonwealth companies (within the meaning of the Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act 1997);

whose services are made available to the Office of the AASB in connection with the performance of any of its functions.

235G  Office of the AASB to have regard to FRC’s advice etc.

                   The Office of the AASB must have regard to the advice and feedback about its budgets and staffing arrangements that the FRC gives under paragraph 225(2)(ba).

235H  Chair not subject to direction by the AASB on certain matters

                   To avoid doubt, the Chair of the AASB is not subject to direction by the AASB in relation to the Chair’s performance of functions, or exercise of powers, under the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997 or the Public Service Act 1999 in relation to the Office of the AASB.

235J  Annual report

                   The Chair of the AASB must, as soon as practicable after the end of each financial year, prepare and give to the Minister, for presentation to the Parliament, a report of the operations of the AASB and the Office of the AASB during the financial year.

Subdivision BThe Australian Accounting Standards Board

236A  Procedures

             (1)  Meetings of the AASB are to be chaired by:

                     (a)  the Chair; or

                     (b)  the Deputy Chair if the Chair is absent; or

                     (c)  a member chosen by the members present if both the Chair and the Deputy Chair are absent.

             (2)  If a meeting of the AASB, or a part of one of its meetings, concerns the contents of accounting standards or international accounting standards, the meeting or that part of it must be held in public.

             (4)  Otherwise, the AASB may determine its own procedural rules (including rules as to notice of meetings, quorum and voting).

236AA  AASB to have regard to FRC’s advice etc.

                   The AASB must have regard to the advice and feedback about its priorities, business plans and procedures that the FRC gives under paragraph 225(2)(b).

236B  Appointment of members of the AASB

Appointment of Chair

             (1)  The Minister appoints the Chair of the AASB.

Appointment of other members

             (2)  The FRC appoints the other members of the AASB. The AASB may appoint one of its members to be Deputy Chair of the AASB.

Qualification for appointment

             (3)  A person must not be appointed as a member of the AASB unless their knowledge of, or experience in, business, accounting, law or government qualifies them for the appointment.

Appointment document

             (4)  An appointment under subsection (1) or (2) is to be made in writing.

Period of appointment

             (5)  The appointment document must specify the period of the appointment (not exceeding 5 years). A member holds office for the period specified in the appointment document and is eligible for re‑appointment.

Terms and conditions of appointment

             (6)  The Chair holds office on the terms and conditions that are determined by the Minister. The other members hold office on the terms and conditions determined by the FRC.

236C  Resignation and termination of appointment

Resignation

             (1)  A member of the AASB may resign their appointment by giving a written resignation to:

                     (a)  if the member is the Chair of the AASB—the Minister; or

                     (b)  in any other case—the Chair of the FRC.

Termination of Chair’s appointment

             (2)  The Chair is not to be removed from office except as provided by subsection (3) or (4).

             (3)  The Minister may terminate the appointment of the Chair of the AASB for:

                     (a)  misbehaviour or physical or mental incapacity; or

                     (b)  breach of the terms and conditions of their appointment.

             (4)  The Minister must terminate the appointment of the Chair of the AASB if the Chair:

                     (a)  becomes bankrupt; or

                     (b)  applies to take the benefit of any law for the relief of bankrupt or insolvent debtors; or

                     (c)  compounds with their creditors; or

                     (d)  makes an assignment of their remuneration or property for the benefit of their creditors; or

                     (e)  contravenes section 237.

Termination of ordinary member’s appointment

             (5)  A member of the AASB (other than the Chair) is not to be removed from office except as provided by subsection (6) or (7).

             (6)  The FRC may terminate the appointment of a member of the AASB (other than the Chair) for:

                     (a)  misbehaviour or physical or mental incapacity; or

                     (b)  breach of the terms and conditions of the member’s appointment.

             (7)  The FRC must terminate the appointment of a member of the AASB (other than the Chair) if the member:

                     (a)  becomes bankrupt; or

                     (b)  applies to take the benefit of any law for the relief of bankrupt or insolvent debtors; or

                     (c)  compounds with their creditors; or

                     (d)  makes an assignment of their remuneration or property for the benefit of their creditors; or

                     (e)  contravenes section 237.

236D  Acting appointments

             (1)  The Minister may appoint a person to act as Chair of the AASB:

                     (a)  during a vacancy in the office of Chair (whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office); or

                     (b)  during any period, or during all periods, when the Chair is absent from duty or from Australia, or is for any reason unable to perform the duties of the office.

             (2)  The AASB may appoint one of its members to act as Deputy Chair of the AASB:

                     (a)  during a vacancy in the office of Deputy Chair (whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office); or

                     (b)  during any period, or during all periods, when the Deputy Chair is absent from duty or from Australia, or is for any reason unable to perform the duties of the office.

             (3)  The FRC may appoint a person to act as a member of the AASB (other than the Chair):

                     (a)  during a vacancy in the office of member (whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office); or

                     (b)  during any period, or during all periods, when the member is absent from duty or from Australia, or is for any reason unable to perform the duties of the office.

             (4)  Anything done by or in relation to a person purporting to act under an appointment is not invalid merely because:

                     (a)  the occasion for the appointment had not arisen; or

                     (b)  there was a defect in connection with the appointment; or

                     (c)  the appointment had ceased to have effect; or

                     (d)  the occasion to act had not arisen or had ceased.

236DA  Disclosure of interests

Disclosure to Minister or Chair of AASB

             (1)  If a member of the AASB has or acquires any direct or indirect pecuniary interest that conflicts or could conflict with the proper performance of the member’s functions, the member must:

                     (a)  if the member is the Chair of the AASB—give written notice of the interest to the Minister; or

                     (b)  if the member is not the Chair of the AASB—give written notice of the interest to the Chair of the AASB.

Disclosure to AASB

             (2)  A member of the AASB who has a direct or indirect pecuniary interest in a matter being considered or about to be considered by the AASB must disclose the nature of the interest to a meeting of the AASB.

             (3)  The disclosure under subsection (2) must be made as soon as possible after the relevant facts have come to the member’s knowledge.

             (4)  The disclosure under subsection (2) must be recorded in the minutes of the meeting of the AASB.

             (5)  The member:

                     (a)  must not be present during any deliberation by the AASB on the matter; and

                     (b)  must not take part in any decision of the AASB with respect to the matter;

unless the Minister (if the member is the Chair of the AASB) or the Chair of the AASB (if the member is not the Chair of the AASB) otherwise determines.

Subdivision BAAThe Office of the AUASB

236DB  Duties of the Chair of the AUASB

             (1)  The Chair of the AUASB, under the Minister, is responsible for managing the Office of the AUASB.

             (2)  In particular, the Chair of the AUASB is responsible for approving:

                     (a)  the AUASB’s priorities, business plans and procedures; and

                     (b)  the Office of the AUASB’s budgets and staffing arrangements (including level, structure and composition of staffing).

             (3)  If the Chair of the AUASB takes action that is inconsistent with any advice the FRC has given under paragraph 225(2A)(b) or (ba), he or she must:

                     (a)  make a written record of his or her reasons for not following the advice; and

                     (b)  give a copy of the advice and of his or her reasons to the Minister; and

                     (c)  include a copy of the advice and of his or her reasons in the annual report under section 236DG.

236DC  Staff of the Office of the AUASB

Employment of staff

             (1)  The Chair of the AUASB may, on behalf of the Commonwealth, employ such staff under written agreements as the Chair thinks necessary to employ to assist the Office of the AUASB in the performance of its functions and the exercise of its powers.

             (2)  The terms and conditions of staff employed under subsection (1) are as determined in writing by the Chair.

Note:          For variation and revocation, see subsection 33(3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

Office of the AUASB Code of Conduct

             (3)  The Chair of the AUASB must determine, in writing, the Office of the AUASB Code of Conduct.

Note:          For variation and revocation, see subsection 33(3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (4)  The Office of the AUASB Code of Conduct applies to the Chair of the AUASB and staff appointed under subsection (1).

             (5)  An instrument made under subsection (3) is not a legislative instrument.

Engagement of staff under the Public Service Act 1999

             (6)  Without limiting subsections (1) and (2), staff of the Office of the AUASB may be engaged under the Public Service Act 1999.

             (7)  For the purposes of the Public Service Act 1999:

                     (a)  the Chair of the AUASB and the staff of the Office of the AUASB referred to in subsection (6) together constitute a Statutory Agency; and

                     (b)  the Chair of the AUASB is the Head of that Statutory Agency.

236DD  Consultants and persons seconded to the Office of the AUASB

             (1)  The Chair of the AUASB may, on behalf of the Commonwealth, engage consultants to perform services for the Office of the AUASB in connection with the performance of any of its functions.

             (2)  The terms and conditions of engagement are as determined in writing by the Chair.

Note:          For variation and revocation, see subsection 33(3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (3)  The Office of the AUASB may also be assisted:

                     (a)  by officers and employees of Agencies (within the meaning of the Public Service Act 1999); and

                     (b)  by officers and employees of authorities of the Commonwealth; and

                     (c)  by employees of Commonwealth companies (within the meaning of the Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act 1997);

whose services are made available to the Office of the AUASB in connection with the performance of any of its functions.

236DE  Office of the AUASB to have regard to FRC’s advice etc.

                   The Office of the AUASB must have regard to the advice and feedback about its budgets and staffing arrangements that the FRC gives under paragraph 225(2A)(ba).

236DF  Chair not subject to direction by the AUASB on certain matters

                   To avoid doubt, the Chair of the AUASB is not subject to direction by the AUASB in relation to the Chair’s performance of functions, or exercise of powers, under the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997 or the Public Service Act 1999 in relation to the Office of the AUASB.

236DG  Annual report

                   The Chair of the AUASB must, as soon as practicable after the end of each financial year, prepare and give to the Minister, for presentation to the Parliament, a report of the operations of the AUASB and the Office of the AUASB during the financial year.

Subdivision BAThe Auditing and Assurance Standards Board

236E  Procedures

             (1)  Meetings of the AUASB are to be chaired by:

                     (a)  the Chair; or

                     (b)  the Deputy Chair if the Chair is absent; or

                     (c)  a member chosen by the members present if both the Chair and the Deputy Chair are absent.

             (2)  If a meeting of the AUASB, or a part of one of its meetings, concerns the contents of auditing standards or international auditing standards, the meeting or that part of it must be held in public.

             (4)  Otherwise, the AUASB may determine its own procedural rules (including rules as to notice of meetings, quorum and voting).

236EA  AUASB to have regard to FRC’s advice etc.

                   The AUASB must have regard to the advice and feedback about its priorities, business plans and procedures that the FRC gives under paragraph 225(2A)(b).

236F  Appointment of members of the AUASB

Appointment of Chair

             (1)  The Minister appoints the Chair of the AUASB.

Appointment of other members

             (2)  The FRC appoints the other members of the AUASB.

             (3)  The AUASB may appoint one of its members to be Deputy Chair of the Board.

Qualification for appointment

             (4)  A person must not be appointed as a member of the AUASB unless their knowledge of, or experience in, business, accounting, auditing, law or government qualifies them for the appointment.

Appointment document

             (5)  An appointment under subsection (1) or (2) is to be made in writing.

Period of appointment

             (6)  The appointment document must specify the period of the appointment (not exceeding 5 years).

             (7)  A member holds office for the period specified in the appointment document and is eligible for re‑appointment.

Terms and conditions of appointment

             (8)  The Chair holds office on the terms and conditions that are determined by the Minister.

             (9)  The other members hold office on the terms and conditions determined by the FRC.

236G  Resignation and termination of appointment

Resignation

             (1)  A member of the AUASB may resign their appointment by giving a written resignation to:

                     (a)  if the member is the Chair of the AUASB—the Minister; or

                     (b)  in any other case—the Chair of the FRC.

Termination of Chair’s appointment

             (2)  The Chair is not to be removed from office except as provided by subsection (3) or (4).

             (3)  The Minister may terminate the appointment of the Chair of the AUASB for:

                     (a)  misbehaviour or physical or mental incapacity; or

                     (b)  breach of the terms and conditions of their appointment.

             (4)  The Minister must terminate the appointment of the Chair of the AUASB if the Chair:

                     (a)  becomes bankrupt; or

                     (b)  applies to take the benefit of any law for the relief of bankrupt or insolvent debtors; or

                     (c)  compounds with their creditors; or

                     (d)  makes an assignment of their remuneration or property for the benefit of their creditors; or

                     (e)  contravenes section 237.

Termination of ordinary member’s appointment

             (5)  A member of the AUASB (other than the Chair) is not to be removed from office except as provided by subsection (6) or (7).

             (6)  The FRC may terminate the appointment of a member of the AUASB (other than the Chair) for:

                     (a)  misbehaviour or physical or mental incapacity; or

                     (b)  breach of the terms and conditions of the member’s appointment.

             (7)  The FRC must terminate the appointment of a member of the AUASB (other than the Chair) if the member:

                     (a)  becomes bankrupt; or

                     (b)  applies to take the benefit of any law for the relief of bankrupt or insolvent debtors; or

                     (c)  compounds with their creditors; or

                     (d)  makes an assignment of their remuneration or property for the benefit of their creditors; or

                     (e)  contravenes section 237.

236H  Acting appointments

             (1)  The Minister may appoint a person to act as Chair of the AUASB:

                     (a)  during a vacancy in the office of Chair (whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office); or

                     (b)  during any period, or during all periods, when the Chair is absent from duty or from Australia, or is for any reason unable to perform the duties of the office.

             (2)  The AUASB may appoint one of its members to act as Deputy Chair of the AUASB:

                     (a)  during a vacancy in the office of Deputy Chair (whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office); or

                     (b)  during any period, or during all periods, when the Deputy Chair is absent from duty or from Australia, or is for any reason unable to perform the duties of the office.

             (3)  The FRC may appoint a person to act as a member of the AUASB (other than the Chair):

                     (a)  during a vacancy in the office of the member (whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office); or

                     (b)  during any period, or during all periods, when the member is absent from duty or from Australia, or is for any reason unable to perform the duties of the office.

             (4)  Anything done by, or in relation to, a person purporting to act under an appointment is not invalid merely because:

                     (a)  the occasion for the appointment had not arisen; or

                     (b)  there was a defect in connection with the appointment; or

                     (c)  the appointment had ceased to have effect; or

                     (d)  the occasion to act had not arisen or had ceased.

236J  Disclosure of interests

Disclosure to Minister or Chair of AUASB

             (1)  If a member of the AUASB has or acquires any direct or indirect pecuniary interest that conflicts or could conflict with the proper performance of the member’s functions, the member must:

                     (a)  if the member is the Chair of the AUASB—give written notice of the interest to the Minister; or

                     (b)  if the member is not the Chair of the AUASB—give written notice of the interest to the Chair of the AUASB.

Disclosure to AUASB

             (2)  A member of the AUASB who has a direct or indirect pecuniary interest in a matter being considered or about to be considered by the AUASB must disclose the nature of the interest to a meeting of the AUASB.

             (3)  The disclosure under subsection (2) must be made as soon as possible after the relevant facts have come to the member’s knowledge.

             (4)  The disclosure under subsection (2) must be recorded in the minutes of the meeting of the AUASB.

             (5)  The member:

                     (a)  must not be present during any deliberation by the AUASB on the matter; and

                     (b)  must not take part in any decision of the AUASB with respect to the matter;

unless the Minister (if the member is the Chair of the AUASB) or the Chair of the AUASB (if the member is not the Chair of the AUASB) otherwise determines.

Subdivision CConfidentiality

237  Confidentiality

             (1)  The FRC, the AASB, the Office of the AASB, the AUASB and the Office of the AUASB must take all reasonable measures to protect from unauthorised use or disclosure information given to it in confidence.

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), the disclosure of information is taken to be authorised if the disclosure:

                     (a)  is required or permitted by a law of the Commonwealth or a prescribed law of a State or Territory; or

                     (b)  is made in order to enable an authority or person in a country outside Australia and the external Territories to perform or exercise a function or power that corresponds, or is analogous, to any of the FRC’s, the AASB’s, the Office of the AASB’s, the AUASB’s or the Office of the AUASB’s functions or powers; or

                     (c)  is made to bodies that set international accounting standards or international auditing standards; or

                     (d)  is made to ASIC for the purposes of its performance of its functions under the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions); or

                     (e)  is made to the Disciplinary Board for the purposes of its performance of its functions under the corporations legislation; or

                    (ea)  is made to APRA for the purposes of its performance of its functions; or

                      (f)  is made to a professional accounting body for the purposes of its performance of its functions.

Part 14The Parliamentary Joint Committee on Corporations and Financial Services

  

241  Membership

             (2)  The Parliamentary Committee consists of 10 members, of whom:

                     (a)  5 are to be senators appointed by the Senate; and

                     (b)  5 are to be members of the House of Representatives appointed by that House.

Note:          The Parliamentary Committee was established by subsection 241(1) of the Australian Securities and Investments Commission Act 1989 and is continued in existence by section 261 of this Act.

             (3)  The appointment of members by a House must be in accordance with that House’s practice relating to the appointment of members of that House to serve on joint select committees of both Houses.

             (4)  A person is not eligible for appointment as a member if he or she is:

                     (a)  a Minister; or

                     (b)  the President of the Senate; or

                     (c)  the Speaker of the House of Representatives; or

                     (d)  the Deputy‑President and Chairman of Committees of the Senate; or

                     (e)  the Chairman of Committees of the House of Representatives.

             (5)  A member ceases to hold office:

                     (a)  when the House of Representatives expires or is dissolved; or

                     (b)  if he or she becomes the holder of an office referred to in a paragraph of subsection (4); or

                     (c)  if he or she ceases to be a member of the House by which he or she was appointed; or

                     (d)  if he or she resigns his or her office as provided by subsection (6) or (7), as the case requires.

             (6)  A member appointed by the Senate may resign his or her office by writing signed and delivered to the President of the Senate.

             (7)  A member appointed by the House of Representatives may resign his or her office by writing signed and delivered to the Speaker of that House.

             (8)  A House may appoint one of its members to fill a vacancy among the members of the Parliamentary Committee appointed by that House.

242  Powers and proceedings

                   Subject to this Act, all matters relating to the Parliamentary Committee’s powers and proceedings must be determined by resolution of both Houses.

243  Duties

                   The Parliamentary Committee’s duties are:

                     (a)  to inquire into, and report to both Houses on:

                              (i)  activities of ASIC or the Panel, or matters connected with such activities, to which, in the Parliamentary Committee’s opinion, the Parliament’s attention should be directed; or

                             (ii)  the operation of the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions); or

                            (iii)  the operation of any other law of the Commonwealth, or any law of a State or Territory, that appears to the Parliamentary Committee to affect significantly the operation of the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions); or

                            (iv)  the operation of any foreign business law, or of any other law of a foreign country, that appears to the Parliamentary Committee to affect significantly the operation of the corporations legislation (other than the excluded provisions); and

                     (b)  to examine each annual report that is prepared by a body established by this Act and of which a copy has been laid before a House, and to report to both Houses on matters that appear in, or arise out of, that annual report and to which, in the Parliamentary Committee’s opinion, the Parliament’s attention should be directed; and

                     (c)  to inquire into any question in connection with its duties that is referred to it by a House, and to report to that House on that question.

Part 15Miscellaneous

  

243B  Offences committed partly in and partly out of the jurisdiction

                   Where:

                     (a)  a person does or omits to do an act outside Australia; and

                     (b)  if that person had done or omitted to do that act in Australia, the person would, by reason of also having done or omitted to do an act in Australia, have been guilty of an offence against this Act;

the person is guilty of that offence.

243D  Financial transaction reports

                   Neither subsection 16(5A) nor (5AA) of the Financial Transactions Reports Act 1988 prohibits a cash dealer from communicating or disclosing a fact or information referred to in either of those subsections:

                     (a)  to ASIC; or

                     (b)  to a market licensee; or

                     (c)  to a CS facility licensee; or

                    (ca)  to a derivative trade repository licensee, or to the operator of a prescribed derivative trade repository; or

                     (d)  to an operator of a market exempted under section 791C of the Corporations Act; or

                     (e)  to an operator of a clearing and settlement facility exempted under section 820C of the Corporations Act; or

                      (f)  in accordance with conditions imposed on an Australian market licence under section 796A of the Corporations Act; or

                     (g)  in accordance with conditions imposed on a CS facility licence under section 825A of the Corporations Act; or

                     (h)  in accordance with conditions on an exemption made under section 791C of the Corporations Act from the requirement to hold an Australian market licence; or

                      (i)  in accordance with conditions on an exemption made under section 820C of the Corporations Act from the requirement to hold an Australian CS facility licence; or

                      (j)  as prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

243E  Suspicious matters reports under the Anti‑Money Laundering and Counter‑Terrorism Financing Act 2006

                   Section 123 of the Anti‑Money Laundering and Counter‑Terrorism Financing Act 2006 does not prohibit a person from disclosing a fact or information referred to in that section:

                     (a)  to ASIC; or

                     (b)  to a market licensee; or

                     (c)  to a CS facility licensee; or

                    (ca)  to a derivative trade repository licensee, or to the operator of a prescribed derivative trade repository; or

                     (d)  to an operator of a market exempted under section 791C of the Corporations Act; or

                     (e)  to an operator of a clearing and settlement facility exempted under section 820C of the Corporations Act; or

                      (f)  in accordance with conditions imposed on an Australian market licence under section 796A of the Corporations Act; or

                     (g)  in accordance with conditions imposed on an Australian CS facility licence under section 825A of the Corporations Act; or

                     (h)  in accordance with conditions on an exemption made under section 791C of the Corporations Act from the requirement to hold an Australian market licence; or

                      (i)  in accordance with conditions on an exemption made under section 820C of the Corporations Act from the requirement to hold an Australian CS facility licence; or

                      (j)  as prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

244  Review by Administrative Appeals Tribunal of certain decisions

             (1)  In this section:

decision has the same meaning as in the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975.

             (2)  Applications may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of a decision by ASIC:

                     (a)  to make an order under section 72 or 73; or

                     (b)  to make an order under subsection 75(1) varying an order in force under Division 8 of Part 3; or

                     (c)  to refuse to vary or revoke an order in force under Division 8 of Part 3.

244A  Notice of reviewable decision and review rights

             (1)  This section applies if ASIC makes a decision to which subsection 244(2) applies.

             (2)  Subject to subsection (3), ASIC must take such steps as are reasonable in the circumstances to give to each person whose interests are affected by the decision notice, in writing or otherwise:

                     (a)  of the making of the decision; and

                     (b)  of the person’s right to have the decision reviewed by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not require ASIC to give notice to a person affected by the decision, or to the persons in a class of persons affected by the decision, if ASIC determines that giving notice to the person or persons is not warranted, having regard to:

                     (a)  the cost of giving notice to the person or persons; and

                     (b)  the way in which the interests of the person or persons are affected by the decision.

             (4)  A failure to comply with this section does not affect the validity of the decision.

             (5)  The fact that a person has not been given notice of the decision because of a determination under subsection (3) constitutes special circumstances for the purposes of subsection 29(6) of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975.

245  Validity of certain actions

                   Nothing done by or in relation to a person who has been appointed to, or appointed to act in, an office under this Act is invalid on the ground that:

                     (a)  the occasion for the appointment had not arisen; or

                     (b)  there was a defect or irregularity in connection with the appointment; or

                     (c)  the appointment had ceased to have effect; or

                     (d)  the occasion for the person to act had not arisen or had ceased.

246  Liability for damages

             (1)  None of the following:

                    (aa)  the Minister;

                     (a)  ASIC;

                     (b)  CAMAC;

                     (c)  a member of ASIC;

                     (d)  a member of CAMAC;

                     (e)  a member of the Panel;

                      (f)  a person appointed for the purposes of this Act or a prescribed law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory;

                     (g)  a staff member or a person who is, or is a member of, an ASIC delegate or is authorised to perform or exercise a function or power of, or on behalf of, ASIC;

                     (h)  a member of the staff referred to in subsection 156(1), a person employed under subsection 156(3), a person engaged under subsection 157(1) or any of the officers, employees and persons who under section 158 are to assist CAMAC;

                      (i)  a person who is:

                              (i)  a member of staff of the Office of the AASB engaged under section 235E; or

                             (ii)  a consultant to the Office of the AASB engaged under section 235F; or

                            (iii)  a person assisting the Office of the AASB under subsection 235F(3);

                      (j)  a person who is:

                              (i)  a member of staff of the Office of the AUASB engaged under section 236DC; or

                             (ii)  a consultant to the Office of the AUASB engaged under section 236DD; or

                            (iii)  a person assisting the Office of the AUASB under subsection 236DD(3);

                     (k)  an officer or employee of an Agency (within the meaning of the Public Service Act 1999), or of an authority of the Commonwealth, whose services are made available to the FRC or the Disciplinary Board in connection with the performance or exercise of any of its functions or powers;

                      (l)  a person engaged by an Agency (within the meaning of the Public Service Act 1999), or of an authority of the Commonwealth, to provide services to the FRC in connection with the performance or exercise of any of its functions or powers;

is liable to an action or other proceeding for damages for or in relation to an act done or omitted in good faith in performance or purported performance of any function, or in exercise or purported exercise of any power, conferred or expressed to be conferred by or under the corporations legislation, or a prescribed law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory.

             (2)  Without limiting paragraph (1)(f), the following are taken to be persons appointed for the purposes of this Act:

                     (a)  a member of the Disciplinary Board;

                     (b)  a member of the FRC or of a committee or advisory group established by the FRC;

                     (c)  a member of the AASB or of a committee, advisory panel or consultative group established by the AASB or by the Office of the AASB;

                     (d)  a member of the AUASB or of a committee, advisory panel or consultative group established by the AUASB or by the Office of the AUASB.

247  Duplicate seals

             (1)  As well as ASIC’s common seal, there are to be such duplicates of that seal as ASIC directs.

             (2)  A document to which a duplicate seal of ASIC is affixed is taken to have ASIC’s common seal affixed to it.

248  Judicial notice of ASIC’s seal and members’ signatures

             (1)  A court must take judicial notice of ASIC’s common seal affixed to a document and, unless the contrary is established, must presume that it was duly affixed.

             (2)  A court must take judicial notice of:

                     (a)  the official signature of a person who holds or has held, or is acting or has acted in, the office of member, Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson; and

                     (b)  the fact that the person holds or has held, or is acting or has acted in, that office;

if a signature purporting to be the person’s signature appears on an official document.

             (3)  In this section:

                     (a)  court includes a tribunal; and

                     (b)  a reference, in relation to a tribunal, to taking judicial notice is a reference to taking the same notice as would be taken by a court.

251  The regulations

             (1)  The Governor‑General may make regulations prescribing matters:

                     (a)  required or permitted by this Act to be prescribed; or

                     (b)  necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to this Act.

             (2)  Regulations providing for allowances and expenses for the purposes of section 89 or subsection 192(6) or 218(4) may provide for those allowances and expenses by reference to a scale of expenses for witnesses who attend before a court specified in the regulations, being a federal court, or the Supreme Court of a State or Territory.

Part 16Transition from the old ASIC legislation

Division 1Preliminary

253  Object of Part

             (1)  The object of this Part is to provide for a smooth transition from the regime provided for in the old ASIC legislation of the States in this jurisdiction and the Northern Territory to the regime provided for in the new ASIC legislation, so that individuals, bodies corporate and other bodies are, to the greatest extent possible, put in the same position immediately after the commencement as they would have been if:

                     (a)  that old ASIC legislation had, from time to time when it was in force, been valid Commonwealth legislation applying throughout the States in this jurisdiction and the Northern Territory; and

                     (b)  the new ASIC legislation (to the extent it contains provisions that correspond to provisions of the old ASIC legislation as in force immediately before the commencement) were a continuation of that old ASIC legislation as so applying.

Note:          The new ASIC legislation contains provisions that correspond to most of the provisions of the old ASIC legislation. Generally, the only exceptions to this are provisions of the old ASIC legislation that related to the fact that the ASIC Law operated separately in each of the States and Territories (rather than as a single national law).

             (2)  The object of this Part is also to provide for a smooth transition from the regime provided for in the old ASIC legislation of the Commonwealth to the regime provided for in the new ASIC legislation as if the new ASIC legislation (to the extent it contains provisions that correspond to provisions of the old ASIC legislation as in force immediately before the commencement) were a continuation of that old ASIC legislation as so applying.

             (3)  In resolving any ambiguity as to the meaning of any of the other provisions of this Part, an interpretation that is consistent with the object of this Part is to be preferred to an interpretation that is not consistent with that object.

254  Definitions

             (1)  In this Part:

carried over provision of the old ASIC legislation of the Commonwealth, a State in this jurisdiction or the Northern Territory means a provision of that legislation that:

                     (a)  was in force immediately before the commencement; and

                     (b)  corresponds to a provision of the new ASIC legislation.

commencement means the commencement of this Act.

corresponds has a meaning affected by subsections (2), (3) and (4).

instrument means:

                     (a)  any instrument of a legislative character (including an Act or regulations) or of an administrative character; or

                     (b)  any other document.

liability includes a duty or obligation.

made includes issued, given or published.

new ASIC legislation means:

                     (a)  this Act; and

                     (b)  the new ASIC Regulations (as amended and in force from time to time) and any other regulations made under this Act; and

                     (c)  the laws of the Commonwealth referred to in subparagraphs (a)(ii) and (b)(iii) of the definition of old ASIC legislation, being those laws as they apply after the commencement; and

                     (d)  the preserved instruments.

new ASIC Regulations means the regulations that, because of section 264, have effect as if they were made under section 251 of this Act.

old application Act for a State or the Northern Territory means:

                     (a)  in the case of New South Wales—the Corporations (New South Wales) Act 1990 of New South Wales as in force from time to time before the commencement; or

                     (b)  in the case of Victoria—the Corporations (Victoria) Act 1990 of Victoria as in force from time to time before the commencement; or

                     (c)  in the case of Queensland—the Corporations (Queensland) Act 1990 of Queensland as in force from time to time before the commencement; or

                     (d)  in the case of Western Australia—the Corporations (Western Australia) Act 1990 of Western Australia as in force from time to time before the commencement; or

                     (e)  in the case of South Australia—the Corporations (South Australia) Act 1990 of South Australia as in force from time to time before the commencement; or

                      (f)  in the case of Tasmania—the Corporations (Tasmania) Act 1990 of Tasmania as in force from time to time before the commencement; or

                     (g)  in the case of the Northern Territory—the Corporations (Northern Territory) Act 1990 of the Northern Territory as in force from time to time before the commencement.

old ASIC Act means the Australian Securities and Investments Commission Act 1989 as in force from time to time before the commencement.

old ASIC Law of a State in this jurisdiction or the Northern Territory means the ASIC Law or ASC Law of the State or Territory (within the meaning of the application Act of the State or Territory as in force from time to time before the commencement).

old ASIC legislation means:

                     (a)  when used in relation to the Commonwealth—the following:

                              (i)  the old ASIC Act and old ASIC Regulations, and any instruments made under that Act or those Regulations (including provisions as they had effect as the ASIC Law or ASIC Regulations of the Australian Capital Territory);

                             (ii)  the laws of the Commonwealth as applying of their own force in relation to the old ASIC Act and old ASIC Regulations of the Commonwealth from time to time before the commencement, and any instruments made under those laws as so applying; and

                     (b)  when used in relation to a State in this jurisdiction or the Northern Territory—the following:

                              (i)  the old ASIC Law and old ASIC Regulations of the State or Territory, and any instruments made under that Law or those Regulations; and

                             (ii)  the old application Act for the State or Territory, and any instruments made under that Act; and

                            (iii)  the laws of the Commonwealth as they applied in relation to the old ASIC Law and the old ASIC Regulations of the State or Territory from time to time before the commencement as laws of, or for the government of, that State or Territory because of Part 8 or Division 6 of Part 11 of the old Application Act for that State or Territory, and any instruments made under those laws as so applying.

old ASIC Regulations means:

                     (a)  when used in relation to the Commonwealth—the regulations made under section 251 or 252 of the old ASIC Act as in force from time to time before the commencement (including regulations as they had effect as the ASIC Regulations of the Australian Capital Territory); and

                     (b)  when used in relation to a State in this jurisdiction or the Northern Territory—the ASIC Regulations or ASC Regulations of that State or Territory (within the meaning of the old application Act for the State or Territory) as in force from time to time before the commencement.

old corporations legislation has the meaning given by subsection 1371(1) of the Corporations Act 2001.

order, in relation to a court, includes any judgment, conviction or sentence of the court.

pre‑commencement right or liability has the meaning given by subsection 276(1) or 277(1).

preserved instrument means an instrument that, because of section 275, has effect after the commencement as if it were made under a provision of the new ASIC legislation.

right includes an interest or status.

substituted right or liability has the meaning given by subsection 276(2) or 277(3).

this Part includes regulations made for the purposes of any of the provisions of this Part.

             (2)  Subject to subsection (4), for the purposes of this Part, a provision or part (the old provision or part) of the old ASIC legislation of the Commonwealth, a State or the Northern Territory corresponds to a provision or part (the new provision or part) of the new ASIC legislation (and vice versa) if:

                     (a)  the old provision or part and the new provision or part are substantially the same, unless the regulations specify that the 2 provisions or parts do not correspond; or

                     (b)  the regulations specify that the 2 provisions or parts correspond.

Note:          The range of provisions of the new ASIC legislation that may be corresponding provisions for the purposes of this Part is affected by sections 277 and 284, which take certain provisions of the old ASIC legislation to be included in the new ASIC legislation.

             (3)  For the purposes of paragraph (2)(a), differences of all or any of the following kinds are not sufficient to mean that 2 provisions or parts are not substantially the same:

                     (a)  differences in the numbering of the provisions or parts;

                     (b)  differences of a minor technical nature (for example, differences in punctuation, or differences that are attributable to the correction of incorrect cross references);

                     (c)  the fact that one of the provisions refers to a corresponding previous law, or a relevant previous law, and the other does not;

                     (d)  other differences that are attributable to the fact that the new ASIC legislation applies as a Commonwealth law throughout Australia;

                     (e)  other differences of a kind prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph.

This subsection is not intended to otherwise limit the circumstances in which 2 provisions or parts are, for the purposes of paragraph (2)(a), substantially the same.

             (4)  The regulations may provide that a specified provision of the old ASIC legislation of the Commonwealth, a State or the Northern Territory does, or does not, correspond to a specified provision of the new ASIC legislation.

255  Relationship of Part with State validation Acts

             (1)  This Part applies to an invalid administrative action of a Commonwealth authority or an officer of the Commonwealth (within the meaning of a State validation Act) as if the circumstances that made the authority’s or officer’s action an invalid administrative action had not made the action invalid.

Note:          For the status and effect of invalid administrative actions in relation to times before the commencement, see the State validation Acts.

             (2)  However, if there are other circumstances that affect or may affect the validity of the action, neither this section, nor anything else in this Part, is taken to negate the effect of those other circumstances.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a person would have had a right or liability under a provision (the old provision) of the old ASIC legislation of a State if the circumstances that made the authority’s or officer’s action an invalid administrative action (within the meaning of the State validation Act) of that State had not made the action invalid; and

                     (b)  the effect of that State validation Act in relation to that action is to declare that the person has, and is taken always to have had, the same rights and liabilities as they would have had under the old provision if the invalid administrative action had been taken, or purportedly taken, at the relevant time by a duly authorised State authority or officer of the State (within the meaning of that Act);

this Part applies as if:

                     (c)  a reference to a right or liability arising under the old ASIC legislation included a reference to the right or liability that the person is declared to have by the State validation Act; and

                     (d)  that right or liability arose under the old provision.

             (4)  In this section:

State validation Act means an Act of a State in this jurisdiction under which certain administrative actions (within the meaning of that Act) taken, or purportedly taken, at or before the commencement by Commonwealth authorities or officers of the Commonwealth (within the meaning of that Act) pursuant to functions or powers (the relevant functions or powers) conferred, or purportedly conferred, by or under laws that include the old application Act for that State have, and are deemed always to have had, the same force and effect for all purposes as they would have had if:

                     (a)  they had been taken, or purportedly taken by a State authority or officer of the State (within the meaning of that Act); and

                     (b)  the relevant functions or powers had been duly conferred on those authorities or officers.

256  References to things taken or deemed to be the case etc.

                   If:

                     (a)  a law of a State or Territory in this jurisdiction had effect before the commencement:

                              (i)  to take or deem something to have happened or to be the case, or to have a particular effect, under or for the purposes of the old ASIC legislation (or a provision of that legislation) of the Commonwealth, a State in this jurisdiction or the Northern Territory; or

                             (ii)  to give something an effect for the purposes of the old ASIC legislation (or a provision of that legislation) that it would not otherwise have had; and

                     (b)  that effect was continuing immediately before the commencement;

this Part applies as if that thing had actually happened or were actually the case, or as if that thing actually had that other effect.

257  Existence of several versions of the old ASIC legislation does not result in this Part operating to take the same thing to be done several times under the new ASIC legislation etc.

                   If, apart from this section, a provision of this Part (the transitional provision) would, because the Commonwealth, each State in this jurisdiction and the Northern Territory had its own old ASIC legislation (containing parallel provisions) before the commencement, operate so that:

                     (a)  a particular thing done before the commencement would be taken to be done, or have effect, 2 or more times by, under, or for the purposes of, a provision of the new ASIC legislation; or

                     (b)  a right or liability would be created 2 or more times in respect of a particular event, circumstance or thing that happened before the commencement; or

                     (c)  a particular result or effect would be produced 2 or more times for the purposes of the new ASIC legislation in relation to the same matter;

the transitional provision is taken to operate so that:

                     (d)  if paragraph (a) applies—the thing is taken to be done or have effect only once by, under, or for the purposes of the provision of, the new ASIC legislation; or

                     (e)  if paragraph (b) applies—the right or liability is created only once in respect of the event, circumstance or thing; or

                      (f)  if paragraph (c) applies—the result or effect is produced only once in relation to the matter.

258  Penalty units in respect of pre‑commencement conduct remain at $100

             (1)  If, because of this Part, an offence can be prosecuted after the commencement in respect of conduct that occurred before the commencement, the amount of a penalty unit in respect of that offence is $100.

             (2)  This section has effect despite section 4AA of the Crimes Act 1914.

259  Ceasing to be a referring State does not affect previous operation of this Part

                   If, after the commencement, a State ceases to be a referring State, that does not undo or affect:

                     (a)  the effects that this Part has already had in relation to matters connected with that State; or

                     (b)  the ongoing effect of this Act as it operates because of the effects referred to in paragraph (a).

Division 2Carrying over bodies established etc. or persons appointed under the old ASIC Act

260  Division has effect subject to Division 7 regulations

                   This Division has effect subject to regulations made for the purposes of Division 7.

261  Carrying over bodies established under the old ASIC Act

                   A body that was established under the old ASIC Act continues in existence as if it had been established under this Act.

262  Carrying over the Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Financial Reporting Council

             (1)  A member of the FRC who was Chairman of the FRC immediately before the commencement continues as if he or she had been appointed as Chair of the FRC under this Act.

             (2)  A member of the FRC who was Deputy Chairman of the FRC immediately before the commencement continues as if he or she had been appointed as Deputy Chair of the FRC under this Act.

Division 3Carrying over the old ASIC Regulations

263  Division has effect subject to Division 7 regulations

                   This Division has effect subject to regulations made for the purposes of Division 7.

264  Old ASIC Regulations continue to have effect

                   The old ASIC Regulations that were made for the purposes of provisions of the old ASIC Act that correspond to provisions of this Act and that were in force immediately before the commencement continue to have effect (and may be dealt with) after the commencement as if:

                     (a)  they were regulations in force under section 251 of this Act; and

                     (b)  they were made for the purposes of the corresponding provisions of this Act.

Division 4Court proceedings and orders

265  Division has effect subject to Division 7 regulations

                   This Division has effect subject to regulations made for the purposes of Division 7.

266  Definitions

             (1)  In this Division:

appeal or review proceeding, in relation to an order of a court, means a proceeding by way of appeal, or otherwise seeking review, of the order.

enforcement proceeding, in relation to an order made by a court, means:

                     (a)  a proceeding to enforce the order; or

                     (b)  any other proceeding in respect of a breach of the order.

federal ASIC proceeding means a proceeding of any of the following kinds that, immediately before the commencement, was before a court:

                     (a)  a proceeding in respect of a matter arising under the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977 involving or related to a decision made under a provision of the old ASIC legislation of the Commonwealth, a State in this jurisdiction or the Northern Territory;

                     (b)  a proceeding in respect of a matter arising under Division 2 of Part 2 of the old ASIC Act;

                     (c)  a proceeding for a writ of mandamus or prohibition, or an injunction, against an officer or officers of the Commonwealth (within the meaning of section 75 of the Constitution) in relation to a matter to which a provision of the old ASIC legislation of the Commonwealth, a State in this jurisdiction or the Northern Territory applied;

                    (ca)  a proceeding in relation to a matter to which a provision of the old ASIC legislation of the Commonwealth, a State in this jurisdiction or the Northern Territory applied:

                              (i)  in which the Commonwealth was seeking an injunction or a declaration; or

                             (ii)  to which the Commonwealth, or a person suing or being sued on behalf of the Commonwealth, was a party;

                   (cb)  any other proceeding in relation to a matter to which a provision of the old ASIC legislation of a State in this jurisdiction applied that was in the exercise of federal jurisdiction;

                    (cc)  any other proceeding in relation to a matter to which a provision of the old ASIC legislation of the Northern Territory applied that would be covered by paragraph (cb) if the Northern Territory had been a State;

                   (cd)  any other proceeding under the old ASIC legislation of the Commonwealth that was in the exercise of federal jurisdiction;

                     (d)  a proceeding in the court’s accrued federal jurisdiction in relation to a matter to which a provision of the old ASIC legislation of the Commonwealth, a State in this jurisdiction or the Northern Territory applied.

interlocutory application means an application that:

                     (a)  is made during the course of a proceeding; and

                     (b)  is for an order that is incidental to the principal object of that proceeding, including, for example:

                              (i)  an order about the conduct of that proceeding; or

                             (ii)  an order assisting a party to that proceeding to present their case in that proceeding; or

                            (iii)  an order protecting or otherwise dealing with property that is the subject matter of that proceeding;

                            but not including an order making a final determination of existing rights or liabilities.

interlocutory order means:

                     (a)  an order made in relation to an interlocutory application; or

                     (b)  an order or direction about the conduct of a proceeding.

interlocutory proceeding means a proceeding:

                     (a)  dealing only with; or

                     (b)  to the extent it deals with;

an interlocutory application.

primary proceeding means a proceeding other than an interlocutory proceeding.

proceeding means a proceeding, whether criminal or civil, before a court.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Part, if an interlocutory proceeding relates to a proceeding that is itself an interlocutory proceeding, the first‑mentioned proceeding is taken to relate also to the primary proceeding to which the second‑mentioned proceeding relates.

267  Treatment of court proceedings under or related to the old ASIC legislation—proceedings other than federal ASIC proceedings

             (1)  This section applies to a proceeding, other than a federal ASIC proceeding, in relation to which the following paragraphs are satisfied:

                     (a)  the proceeding was started in a court before the commencement; and

                     (b)  the proceeding was:

                              (i)  under a provision of the old ASIC legislation of the Commonwealth, a State in this jurisdiction or the Northern Territory; or

                             (ii)  brought as, or connected with, a prosecution for an offence against a provision of the old ASIC legislation of the Commonwealth, a State in this jurisdiction or the Northern Territory; and

                     (c)  the proceeding was not an enforcement proceeding, or an appeal or review proceeding, in relation to an order of a court; and

                     (d)  the proceeding had not been concluded or terminated before the commencement; and

                     (e)  either:

                              (i)  if the proceeding is a primary proceeding—no final determination of any of the existing rights or liabilities at issue in the proceeding had been made before the commencement; or

                             (ii)  if the proceeding is an interlocutory proceeding—this section applies to the primary proceeding to which the interlocutory proceeding relates.

             (2)  In this section:

                     (a)  the proceeding to which this section applies is called the old proceeding; and

                     (b)  the provision of the old ASIC legislation referred to in whichever of subparagraphs (1)(b)(i) and (ii) applies is called the relevant old provision.

             (3)  A proceeding (the new proceeding) equivalent to the old proceeding is, on the commencement, taken to have been brought in the same court, exercising federal jurisdiction:

                     (a)  if subparagraph (1)(b)(i) applies—under the provision of the new ASIC legislation that corresponds to the relevant old provision; or

                     (b)  if subparagraph (1)(b)(ii) applies—as, or connected with, a prosecution for an offence against the provision of the new ASIC legislation that corresponds to the relevant old provision.

To the extent that the old proceeding, before the commencement, related to pre‑commencement rights or liabilities, the new proceeding relates to the substituted rights and liabilities in relation to those pre‑commencement rights and liabilities.

Note 1:       See sections 276 and 277 for the creation of the substituted rights and liabilities.

Note 2:       In all cases, there will be a provision of the new ASIC legislation that corresponds to the relevant old provision, either because:

(a)    the new ASIC legislation actually contains a provision that corresponds to the relevant old provision; or

(b)    the new ASIC legislation, because of section 277 or 284, is taken to include the relevant old provision (whether with or without modifications), in which case the provision so taken to be included will be the corresponding provision.

             (4)  The following provisions apply in relation to the new proceeding:

                     (a)  the parties to the new proceeding are the same as the parties to the old proceeding;

                     (b)  subject to subsections (5) and (6), and to any order to the contrary made by the court, the court must deal with the continued proceeding as if the steps that had been taken for the purposes of the old proceeding before the commencement had been taken for the purposes of the new proceeding.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  an interlocutory order was made before the commencement for the purpose of, or in relation to, the old proceeding; and

                     (b)  that interlocutory order was in force immediately before the commencement;

the rights and liabilities of all persons (including rights and liabilities arising wholly or partly because of conduct occurring before the commencement) are declared to be, for all purposes, the same as if the interlocutory order had instead been made by the same court, in the exercise of federal jurisdiction, for the purpose of, or in relation to, the new proceeding.

             (6)  The court may make orders doing all or any of the following:

                     (a)  cancelling or varying rights or liabilities that a person has because of subsection (5);

                     (b)  substituting other rights or liabilities for rights or liabilities a person has because of subsection (5);

                     (c)  adding rights or liabilities to the rights or liabilities a person has because of subsection (5);

                     (d)  enforcing, or otherwise dealing with conduct contrary to, a right or liability a person has because of subsection (5) in the same way as it could enforce, or deal with, the right, liability or conduct if the right or liability had arisen under or because of an order made by the court in the exercise of federal jurisdiction under the new ASIC legislation.

268  Treatment of court proceedings under or related to the old ASIC legislation—federal ASIC proceedings

             (1)  This section applies to a proceeding in relation to which the following paragraphs are satisfied:

                     (a)  the proceeding was started in a court before the commencement; and

                     (b)  the proceeding was a federal ASIC proceeding that related to a matter to which a provision of the old ASIC legislation of the Commonwealth, a State in this jurisdiction or the Northern Territory applied; and

                     (c)  the proceeding had not been concluded or terminated before the commencement.

             (2)  In this section:

                     (a)  the proceeding to which this section applies is called the continued proceeding; and

                     (b)  the provision of the old ASIC legislation referred to in paragraph (1)(b) is called the relevant old provision.

             (3)  Subject to subsection (4):

                     (a)  the continued proceeding continues after the commencement in the same court as if it were, and always had been, a proceeding in relation to a matter to which the provision of the new ASIC legislation that corresponds to the relevant old provision applies; and

                     (b)  to the extent that the proceeding, before the commencement, related to pre‑commencement rights or liabilities, the proceeding, as continued, relates, and is taken always to have related, to the substituted rights and liabilities in relation to those pre‑commencement rights and liabilities.

Note 1:       See sections 276 and 277 for the creation of substituted rights and liabilities.

Note 2:       In all cases, there will be a provision of the new ASIC legislation that corresponds to the relevant old provision, either because:

(a)    the new ASIC legislation actually contains a provision that corresponds to the relevant old provision; or

(b)    the new ASIC legislation, because of section 277 or 284, is taken to include the relevant old provision (whether with or without modifications), in which case the provision so taken to be included will be the corresponding provision.

             (4)  Subject to any order to the contrary made by the court, the court must deal with the continued proceeding as if:

                     (a)  the steps that had been taken for the purposes of the proceeding before the commencement had been taken for the purpose of the proceeding as continued by this section; and

                     (b)  any orders made in relation to the proceeding before the commencement had been made in relation to the proceeding as continued by this section.

268A  Appeals etc. in relation to some former federal corporations proceedings

             (1)  This section applies to a proceeding in relation to which all of the following paragraphs are satisfied:

                     (a)  the proceeding was started in a court before the commencement;

                     (b)  the proceeding was a federal ASIC proceeding that related to matter to which a provision of the old ASIC legislation of the Commonwealth, a State in this jurisdiction or the Northern Territory applied;

                     (c)  the proceeding had been concluded or terminated before the commencement.

             (2)  A decision or order made in the proceeding may be appealed against, or otherwise reviewed, as if it had been made in a proceeding that related to a matter to which a provision of this Act applied.

             (3)  An order made in the proceeding may be enforced as if it had been made in a proceeding that related to a matter to which a provision of this Act applied.

268B  Effect of decisions and orders made in federal corporations proceedings before commencement

             (1)  For the avoidance of doubt, if:

                     (a)  a proceeding was started in a court before the commencement; and

                     (b)  the proceeding was a federal ASIC proceeding that related to matter to which a provision of the old ASIC legislation of the Commonwealth, a State in this jurisdiction or the Northern Territory applied; and

                     (c)  a decision was made or an order given in the proceeding before the commencement;

the decision or order continues to have effect after the commencement despite the provision of the old ASIC legislation ceasing to have effect.

             (2)  This section does not limit the operation of section 268 in relation to the decision or order.

269  References to proceedings and orders in the new ASIC legislation

             (1)  Subject to subsection (5), a reference in the new ASIC legislation to the taking of a proceeding, or a step in a proceeding, in a court under or in relation to a part or provision of the new ASIC legislation includes a reference to the taking of a proceeding, or the equivalent step in a proceeding:

                     (a)  before the commencement under or in relation to the corresponding part or provision of the old ASIC legislation of the Commonwealth, a State or the Northern Territory; or

                     (b)  after the commencement under or in relation to the corresponding part or provision of the old ASIC legislation of the Commonwealth, a State in this jurisdiction or the Northern Territory, as that legislation continues to have effect after the commencement.

             (2)  Subject to subsections (3), (4) and (5), a reference in the new ASIC legislation to an order made by a court under or in relation to a part or provision of the new ASIC legislation includes a reference to an order made:

                     (a)  before the commencement under or in relation to the corresponding part or provision of the old ASIC legislation of the Commonwealth, a State or the Northern Territory; or

                     (b)  after the commencement under or in relation to the corresponding part or provision of the old ASIC legislation of the Commonwealth, a State in this jurisdiction or the Northern Territory, as that legislation continues to have effect after the commencement.

             (3)  Nothing in subsection (2) is taken to produce a result that would:

                     (a)  make a person liable, under the new ASIC legislation, to any penalty (whether civil or criminal) provided for in an order referred to in paragraph (2)(a) or (b); or

                     (b)  enable an enforcement proceeding, or an appeal or review proceeding, in relation to such an order to be taken in a court under the new ASIC legislation; or

                     (c)  enable proceedings by way of appeal, or other review, of such an order to be taken in a court under the new ASIC legislation.

             (4)  If, after the commencement, an order referred to in paragraph (2)(a) or (b) is varied or set aside on appeal or review, subsection (2) applies, or is taken to have applied, from the time from which the variation or setting aside takes or took effect, as if:

                     (a)  if the order is varied—the order had been made as so varied; or

                     (b)  if the order is set aside—the order had not been made.

             (5)  The regulations may provide that subsection (1) or (2) does not apply in relation to a particular reference or class of references in the new ASIC legislation.

Division 5Functions and powers of ASIC

270  Division has effect subject to Division 7 regulations

                   This Division has effect subject to regulations made for the purposes of Division 7.

271  Non‑federal proceedings etc.

             (1)  ASIC has the functions and powers in relation to a non‑federal proceeding that are expressed to be conferred on it by or under a law of the Commonwealth or the Northern Territory.

             (2)  ASIC also has the functions and powers in relation to a non‑federal proceeding that are expressed to be conferred on it by or under a law of a State in this jurisdiction. However, ASIC:

                     (a)  is not subject to any directions in the performance of such functions or the exercise of such powers; and

                     (b)  is not under a duty to perform such functions or exercise such powers.

             (3)  If a Minister of a State or Territory appoints a person to bring or continue a non‑federal proceeding in the State or Territory, ASIC may give the person any information and documents that ASIC has in relation to the proceeding.

             (4)  In this section:

appeal or review proceeding has the same meaning as in section 266.

enforcement proceeding has the same meaning as in section 266.

non‑federal proceeding means:

                     (a)  a proceeding in relation to which paragraphs 267(1)(a), (b) and (d) are satisfied but paragraph 267(1)(e) is not satisfied; or

                    (aa)  a proceeding in relation to which paragraphs 1383(1)(a), (b) and (d) of the Corporations Act 2001 are satisfied but paragraph 1383(1)(e) of that Act is not satisfied;

                     (b)  an enf