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Broadcasting Services Act 1992

Authoritative Version
  • - C2013C00005
  • In force - Superseded Version
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Act No. 110 of 1992 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Australian Charities and Not-for-profits Commission (Consequential and Transitional) Act 2012
An Act relating to broadcasting services, datacasting services, online services and content services, and for related purposes
Administered by: Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy
Registered 03 Jan 2013
Start Date 01 Jan 2013
End Date 30 Mar 2013
Table of contents.
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Collapse Volume 1Volume 1
Collapse Part 1—PreliminaryPart 1—Preliminary
1 Short title [see Note 1]
2 Commencement [see Note 1]
3 Objects of this Act
4 Regulatory policy
5 Role of the ACMA
6 Interpretation
7 Interpretation—meaning of control
8 Interpretation—shareholding interests, voting interests, dividend interests and winding-up interests
8A Captioning taken to be part of program
8AA Designated community radio broadcasting licence
8AB Digital program enhancement content taken to be a radio program
8AC Digital radio start-up day
8AD Deemed radio broadcasting licence areas
8AE Final digital television switch-over day
8AF Regional racing service radio licence
8B Remote Indigenous community
9 Act to bind the Crown
10 Extension of Act to the external Territories
10A Application of the Criminal Code
Expand Part 2—Categories of broadcasting servicesPart 2—Categories of broadcasting services
Expand Part 3—Planning of the broadcasting services bandsPart 3—Planning of the broadcasting services bands
Expand Part 4—Commercial television broadcasting licences and commercial radio broadcasting licencesPart 4—Commercial television broadcasting licences and commercial radio broadcasting licences
Expand Part 5—Control of commercial broadcasting licences and datacasting transmitter licencesPart 5—Control of commercial broadcasting licences and datacasting transmitter licences
Expand Part 6—Community broadcasting licencesPart 6—Community broadcasting licences
Expand Part 6A—Temporary community broadcasting licencesPart 6A—Temporary community broadcasting licences
Expand Part 7—Subscription television broadcasting servicesPart 7—Subscription television broadcasting services
Expand Part 8—Subscription broadcasting and narrowcasting class licencesPart 8—Subscription broadcasting and narrowcasting class licences
Expand Part 8A—Restrictions on subscription television broadcasting services in regional areas etc.Part 8A—Restrictions on subscription television broadcasting services in regional areas etc.
Expand Part 8B—International broadcasting licencesPart 8B—International broadcasting licences
Expand Part 9—Program standardsPart 9—Program standards
Expand Part 9A—Technical standardsPart 9A—Technical standards
Expand Part 9B—Industry codes and industry standardsPart 9B—Industry codes and industry standards
Expand Part 9C—Access to commercial television broadcasting services provided with the use of a satellitePart 9C—Access to commercial television broadcasting services provided with the use of a satellite
Expand Part 9D—CaptioningPart 9D—Captioning
Expand Part 10—Remedies for breaches of licensing provisionsPart 10—Remedies for breaches of licensing provisions
Expand Part 10A—Anti-hoarding rulesPart 10A—Anti-hoarding rules
Expand Part 11—Complaints to the ACMAPart 11—Complaints to the ACMA
Expand Part 13—Information gathering by the ACMAPart 13—Information gathering by the ACMA
Expand Part 14—Appeals to the Administrative Appeals TribunalPart 14—Appeals to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal
Expand Part 14A—Accounts and payment of licence feesPart 14A—Accounts and payment of licence fees
Expand Part 14B—Civil penaltiesPart 14B—Civil penalties
Expand Part 14C—InjunctionsPart 14C—Injunctions
Expand Part 14D—Enforceable undertakingsPart 14D—Enforceable undertakings
Expand Part 14E—Infringement noticesPart 14E—Infringement notices
Expand Part 15—MiscellaneousPart 15—Miscellaneous
Schedule 1—Control and ownership of company interests
Expand Part 1—IntroductionPart 1—Introduction
Expand Part 2—When person is in a position to exercise controlPart 2—When person is in a position to exercise control
Expand Part 3—Deemed controlPart 3—Deemed control
Expand Part 4—Tracing of ownershipPart 4—Tracing of ownership
Schedule 2—Standard conditions
Expand Part 1—InterpretationPart 1—Interpretation
Expand Part 2—Special conditionsPart 2—Special conditions
Expand Part 3—Commercial television broadcasting licencesPart 3—Commercial television broadcasting licences
Expand Part 4—Commercial radio broadcasting licencesPart 4—Commercial radio broadcasting licences
Expand Part 5—Community broadcasting licencesPart 5—Community broadcasting licences
Expand Part 6—Subscription television broadcasting licencesPart 6—Subscription television broadcasting licences
Expand Part 7—Services provided under class licencesPart 7—Services provided under class licences
Expand Volume 2Volume 2

Broadcasting Services Act 1992

Act No. 110 of 1992 as amended

This compilation was prepared on 2 January 2013
taking into account amendments up to Act No. 169 of 2012

Volume 1 includes:     Table of Contents
                                    Sections 1 – 218
                                    Schedules 1 and 2

The text of any of those amendments not in force
on that date is appended in the Notes section

The operation of amendments that have been incorporated may be
affected by application provisions that are set out in the Notes section

Volume 2 includes:     Table of Contents
                                    Schedules 4 – 7
                                    Note 1
                                    Table of Acts
                                    Act Notes
                                    Table of Amendments
                                    Note 2
                                    Table A

Prepared by the Office of Parliamentary Counsel, Canberra

  

  

  


Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                             1

1............ Short title [see Note 1]........................................................................ 1

2............ Commencement [see Note 1].............................................................. 1

3............ Objects of this Act.............................................................................. 1

4............ Regulatory policy................................................................................ 3

5............ Role of the ACMA............................................................................. 4

6............ Interpretation....................................................................................... 5

7............ Interpretation—meaning of control................................................... 18

8............ Interpretation—shareholding interests, voting interests, dividend interests and winding‑up interests      18

8A......... Captioning taken to be part of program............................................. 20

8AA...... Designated community radio broadcasting licence............................ 20

8AB...... Digital program enhancement content taken to be a radio program... 20

8AC...... Digital radio start‑up day................................................................... 21

8AD...... Deemed radio broadcasting licence areas.......................................... 23

8AE....... Final digital television switch‑over day............................................. 24

8AF....... Regional racing service radio licence................................................. 25

8B......... Remote Indigenous community......................................................... 26

9............ Act to bind the Crown....................................................................... 26

10.......... Extension of Act to the external Territories....................................... 26

10A....... Application of the Criminal Code..................................................... 26

Part 2—Categories of broadcasting services                                                       27

11.......... Categories of broadcasting services.................................................. 27

11A....... Dual categorisation of international broadcasting services................ 27

12.......... Method of regulating particular services........................................... 27

13.......... National broadcasting services.......................................................... 28

14.......... Commercial broadcasting services.................................................... 29

15.......... Community broadcasting services..................................................... 29

16.......... Subscription broadcasting services................................................... 30

17.......... Subscription narrowcasting services................................................. 30

18.......... Open narrowcasting services............................................................ 30

18A....... International broadcasting services.................................................... 31

19.......... ACMA may determine additional criteria or clarify existing criteria. 32

20.......... Determinations and clarifications to be disallowable by the Parliament 33

21.......... Requests to ACMA to decide which category a broadcasting service falls into       33

22.......... Matters to be considered by ACMA................................................. 35

Part 3—Planning of the broadcasting services bands                                   36

23.......... Planning criteria................................................................................ 36

24.......... ACMA to determine priorities.......................................................... 36

25.......... Preparation of frequency allotment plans.......................................... 37

26.......... Preparation of licence area plans....................................................... 38

26A....... Licence area plans—multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting services 42

26AA.... Compliance with television licence area plan..................................... 43

26B....... Licence area plans—multi‑channelled national television broadcasting services       44

26C....... Licence area plans not required to deal with certain digital radio broadcasting services            45

26D....... Licence area plans—how digital radio broadcasting services may be dealt with       46

27.......... Processes to be public....................................................................... 46

29.......... Designation of licence areas.............................................................. 48

30.......... ACMA may determine population figures........................................ 48

31.......... Minister may reserve capacity for national broadcasters or community broadcasters               48

32.......... Reservations to be disallowable by the Parliament............................ 49

33.......... Development of technical planning guidelines.................................. 49

34.......... Alternative uses of broadcasting services bands............................... 49

35.......... Notification of decisions under this Part........................................... 51

35A....... Reviews relating to the uses of broadcasting services bands spectrum 51

Part 4—Commercial television broadcasting licences and commercial radio broadcasting licences      54

Division 1—Allocation of licences                                                                        54

35B....... Allocation of new commercial television broadcasting licences........ 54

35C....... Digital radio moratorium................................................................... 54

35D....... Exception to the digital radio moratorium—failure to provide a digital commercial radio broadcasting service        55

36.......... ACMA to determine system for allocating licences.......................... 56

36A....... Commercial radio broadcasting licences to provide analog or digital commercial radio broadcasting services         57

37.......... When licences must not be allocated................................................. 58

38.......... ACMA to advertise for applications for certain licences................... 58

38A....... Additional commercial television licences in single markets............. 59

38B....... Additional commercial television licences in 2‑station markets......... 61

38C....... Commercial television broadcasting licences—services provided with the use of a satellite     67

39.......... Additional commercial radio licences in single markets.................... 74

40.......... Allocation of other licences............................................................... 76

41.......... When persons are regarded as suitable.............................................. 79

Division 2—Services authorised by licences                                                   80

41A....... Services authorised by commercial television broadcasting licences before 1 January 2009    80

41B....... Services authorised by commercial television broadcasting licences during so much of the simulcast period etc. as occurs on or after 1 January 2009................................................................ 81

41C....... Services authorised by commercial television broadcasting licences after the end of the simulcast period etc.         87

41CA.... Services authorised by commercial television broadcasting licences allocated under section 38C            88

41D....... Services authorised by commercial radio broadcasting licences........ 93

Division 3—Licence conditions                                                                              95

42.......... Conditions of commercial broadcasting licences............................... 95

43.......... ACMA may impose additional conditions........................................ 95

43A....... Material of local significance—regional aggregated commercial television broadcasting licences            96

43AA.... Local news to be provided to section 38C licensees by regional commercial television broadcasting licensees       97

43AB.... Commercial television programs to be provided to section 38C licensees by metropolitan commercial television broadcasting licensees..................................................................... 100

43AC.... Commercial television programs to be provided to section 38C licensees by remote terrestrial licensees 101

43AD.... Compensation for acquisition of property....................................... 103

43B....... Local presence—regional commercial radio broadcasting licences.. 104

43C....... Local content—regional commercial radio broadcasting licences.... 105

43D....... Special licence conditions relating to digital radio commercial broadcasting services               108

44.......... Matters to which conditions may relate........................................... 111

Division 4—General provisions                                                                          112

45.......... Duration of licences........................................................................ 112

46.......... Applications for renewal................................................................. 112

47.......... ACMA to renew licences unless it is aware of special circumstances 112

48.......... Transfer of commercial broadcasting licences................................. 113

49.......... Surrender of commercial broadcasting licences............................... 113

Part 5—Control of commercial broadcasting licences and datacasting transmitter licences       114

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                          114

50A....... This Part does not apply in relation to licences allocated under section 38C or subsection 40(1)             114

50.......... Interpretation—knowledge of company.......................................... 114

51.......... Means of dealing with overlapping licence areas............................ 114

51A....... This Part does not apply to certain channel B datacasting transmitter licences          114

52.......... Changes in licence area populations not to put persons in breach of this Part          115

52A....... Newspapers—additional constitutional basis.................................. 115

Division 2—Limitation on control                                                                     116

Subdivision A—Commercial broadcasting licences                                     116

53.......... Limitation on control of commercial television broadcasting licences 116

54.......... Limitation on control of commercial radio broadcasting licences.... 116

Subdivision B—Commercial television broadcasting licences and datacasting transmitter licences      116

54A....... Limitation on control of commercial television broadcasting licences and datacasting transmitter licences               116

Subdivision C—Commercial radio broadcasting licences and restricted datacasting licences 117

54B....... Limitation on control of commercial radio broadcasting licences and restricted datacasting licences during the digital radio moratorium period........................................................................... 117

Division 3—Limitation on directorships                                                         118

Subdivision A—Television and radio                                                               118

55.......... Limitation on numbers of directorships—television........................ 118

56.......... Limitation on numbers of directorships—radio............................... 119

Subdivision B—Television and datacasting                                                    119

56A....... Limitation on directorships—television and datacasting.................. 119

Division 5—Newspapers associated with licence areas                          120

59.......... Newspapers associated with commercial television or radio broadcasting licence areas           120

Division 5A—Media diversity                                                                              122

Subdivision A—Introduction                                                                               122

61AA.... Definitions...................................................................................... 122

61AB.... Unacceptable media diversity situation............................................ 124

61AC.... Points.............................................................................................. 124

61AD.... Statutory control rules..................................................................... 127

61AE..... Shared content test.......................................................................... 127

61AEA.. Unacceptable 3‑way control situation.............................................. 128

61AF..... Overlapping licence areas................................................................ 128

Subdivision B—Prohibition of transactions that result in an unacceptable media diversity situation coming into existence etc.                                                                               128

61AG.... Prohibition of transactions that result in an unacceptable media diversity situation coming into existence—offence........................................................................................................ 128

61AH.... Prohibition of transactions that result in an unacceptable media diversity situation coming into existence—civil penalty........................................................................................................ 129

61AJ..... Prior approval of transactions that result in an unacceptable media diversity situation coming into existence etc.    130

61AK.... Extension of time for compliance with prior approval notice.......... 131

61AL..... Breach of prior approval notice—offence....................................... 132

61AM... Breach of prior approval notice—civil penalty................................ 133

Subdivision BA—Prohibition of transactions that result in an unacceptable 3‑way control situation coming into existence etc.                                                                               133

61AMA Prohibition of transactions that result in an unacceptable 3‑way control situation coming into existence—offence  133

61AMB. Prohibition of transactions that result in an unacceptable 3‑way control situation coming into existence—civil penalty........................................................................................................ 134

61AMC. Prior approval of transactions that result in an unacceptable 3‑way control situation coming into existence etc.      134

61AMD Extension of time for compliance with prior approval notice.......... 136

61AME. Breach of prior approval notice—offence....................................... 137

61AMF. Breach of prior approval notice—civil penalty................................ 137

Subdivision C—Remedial directions                                                                 137

61AN.... Remedial directions—unacceptable media diversity situation.......... 137

61ANA. Remedial directions—unacceptable 3‑way control situation............ 140

61AP..... Extension of time for compliance with remedial direction............... 142

61AQ.... Breach of remedial direction—offence............................................ 143

61AR.... Breach of remedial direction—civil penalty..................................... 143

Subdivision D—Enforceable undertakings                                                     144

61AS..... Acceptance of undertakings............................................................ 144

61AT..... Enforcement of undertakings.......................................................... 144

Subdivision E—Register of Controlled Media Groups                                145

61AU.... Register of Controlled Media Groups............................................. 145

61AV.... How a media group is to be entered in the Register........................ 145

61AW... Explanatory notes may be included in the Register......................... 146

61AX.... Continuity of media group.............................................................. 146

61AY.... Initial registration of media groups.................................................. 146

61AZ..... Registration of newly‑formed media group..................................... 147

61AZA.. De‑registration of media group that has ceased to exist................... 150

61AZB.. Registration of change of controller of registered media group....... 151

61AZC.. Registration of change of composition of media group................... 151

61AZCA........................ ACMA must deal with notifications in order of receipt  152

61AZD.. Conditional transactions.................................................................. 152

61AZE.. Review and confirmation of entries and alterations etc.................... 154

61AZF.. Reconsideration of decisions........................................................... 156

61AZG.. Corrections of clerical errors or obvious defects............................. 158

61AZH.. Regulations..................................................................................... 158

Division 5B—Disclosure of cross‑media relationships                            159

61BA.... Definitions...................................................................................... 159

61BB..... Disclosure of cross‑media relationship by commercial television broadcasting licensee          159

61BC..... Choice of disclosure method—commercial radio broadcasting licensee 161

61BD.... Disclosure of cross‑media relationship by commercial radio broadcasting licensee—business affairs disclosure method........................................................................................................ 162

61BE..... Disclosure of cross‑media relationship by commercial radio broadcasting licensee—regular disclosure method     163

61BF..... Disclosure of cross‑media relationship by publisher of newspaper 164

61BG.... Exception—political communication............................................... 166

61BH.... Matter or material about the business affairs of a broadcasting licensee or newspaper publisher             166

Division 5C—Local news and information requirements for regional commercial radio broadcasting licensees                                                                                                 169

Subdivision A—Introduction                                                                               169

61CA.... Definitions...................................................................................... 169

61CAA. This Division does not apply in relation to certain licences............. 171

61CB..... Trigger event................................................................................... 171

61CC..... What is local?.................................................................................. 173

Subdivision B—Minimum service standards for local news and information               174

61CD.... Licensee must meet minimum service standards for local news and information     174

61CE..... Minimum service standards for local news and information........... 175

Subdivision C—Local content plans                                                                  177

61CF..... Licensee must submit draft local content plan to the ACMA.......... 177

61CG.... Content of draft or approved local content plan............................... 178

61CH.... Approval of draft local content plan................................................ 178

61CJ...... Register of approved local content plans......................................... 179

61CK..... Approved local content plan must be varied if minimum service standards are imposed or increased      179

61CL..... Approved local content plan may be varied by the licensee............. 180

61CM.... Approval of draft variation.............................................................. 180

61CN.... ACMA may review approved local content plan............................ 181

61CP..... Compliance with approved local content plan................................. 181

61CPA.. Licensee must submit annual compliance report.............................. 181

61CQ.... Minister may direct the ACMA about the exercise of its powers.... 182

Subdivision D—Other local content requirements                                        182

61CR..... Minister may direct the ACMA to conduct an investigation about other local content requirements        182

61CS..... Minister may direct the ACMA to impose licence conditions relating to local content             183

61CT..... Regular reviews of local content requirements................................ 183

Division 6—Notification provisions                                                                  185

62.......... Requirement to notify control and directorships.............................. 185

63.......... Requirement to notify changes in control........................................ 186

64.......... Person who obtains control of a licence or newspaper must notify the ACMA       188

65.......... Requirement to notify control and directorships as at 1 February 2007 189

65A....... Strict liability offences..................................................................... 191

65B....... Designated infringement notice provisions..................................... 191

Division 7—Approval of temporary breaches                                            192

66.......... Offence for breaches without approval........................................... 192

67.......... Applications for prior approval of temporary breaches................... 193

68.......... Extension of time for compliance with notice.................................. 194

69.......... Breach of notice under section 67 to constitute an offence.............. 195

Division 8—Action by the ACMA                                                                      196

70.......... Notices by the ACMA.................................................................... 196

71.......... Extension of time for compliance with notice.................................. 197

72.......... Breach of notice under section 70 to constitute an offence.............. 198

Division 9—Special provision for small markets                                       199

73.......... Additional licence under section 38A not to result in breach of ownership limits    199

73A....... Additional licence allocated under section 38B not to result in breach of control rules             199

Division 10—Prior opinions by the ACMA                                                  200

74.......... Requests to ACMA to give an opinion on whether a person is in a position to control a licence, a newspaper or a company.......................................................................................... 200

Division 11—Miscellaneous                                                                                   202

75.......... Register of matters under this Part.................................................. 202

76.......... Continuing offences........................................................................ 202

77.......... Part has effect notwithstanding Competition and Consumer Act.... 202

78.......... Part not to invalidate appointments.................................................. 203

Part 6—Community broadcasting licences                                                        204

79.......... Interpretation................................................................................... 204

79A....... Application...................................................................................... 204

80.......... ACMA to advertise for applications for BSB community broadcasting licences     204

81.......... When licences must not be allocated............................................... 205

82.......... Other community broadcasting licences.......................................... 205

83.......... When persons are regarded as suitable............................................ 205

84.......... Allocation of community broadcasting licences.............................. 206

84A....... Designated community radio broadcasting licences to provide analog or digital services         207

85.......... ACMA not required to allocate community broadcasting licence to any applicant   208

85A....... Services authorised by designated community radio broadcasting licences              208

86.......... Conditions of community broadcasting licences............................. 210

87.......... ACMA may impose additional conditions on community broadcasting licences     210

87A....... Additional conditions on CTV licences........................................... 211

87B....... Special licence condition relating to digital community radio broadcasting services 213

88.......... Matters to which conditions may relate........................................... 213

89.......... Duration of community broadcasting licences................................. 214

90.......... Applications for renewal of community broadcasting licences........ 214

91.......... ACMA may renew community broadcasting licences.................... 215

91A....... Transfer of community broadcasting licences................................. 216

92.......... Surrender of community broadcasting licences............................... 218

Part 6A—Temporary community broadcasting licences                           219

92A....... Interpretation................................................................................... 219

92B....... Temporary community broadcasting licences.................................. 219

92C....... Applicants for temporary community broadcasting licences........... 219

92D....... When applicants and licensees are regarded as suitable................... 220

92E........ Criteria for deciding whether to allocate a licence............................ 221

92F........ Licences to accord with alternative planning procedures................. 221

92G....... Licence area, timing conditions and licence period.......................... 222

92H....... Conditions of temporary community broadcasting licences............ 222

92J........ ACMA may vary conditions or periods, or impose new conditions 222

92K....... Duration of temporary community broadcasting licences................ 223

92L........ Surrender of temporary community broadcasting licences.............. 223

Part 7—Subscription television broadcasting services                                224

Division 1—Allocation of subscription television broadcasting licences               224

95.......... When subscription television broadcasting licence must not be allocated 224

96.......... Allocation of other subscription television broadcasting licences.... 224

97.......... Requests to Australian Competition and Consumer Commission... 225

98.......... Suitability for allocation of licence.................................................. 225

98D....... Compensation................................................................................. 226

Division 2—Conditions of subscription television broadcasting licence                228

99.......... Conditions applicable to subscription television broadcasting licence 228

100........ Matters to which conditions may relate........................................... 228

Division 2A—Eligible drama expenditure                                                     230

Subdivision A—Introduction                                                                               230

103A..... Simplified outline............................................................................ 230

103B..... Definitions...................................................................................... 231

103C..... Channel providers........................................................................... 234

103D..... Part‑channel providers.................................................................... 234

103E...... Pass‑through providers................................................................... 235

103F...... Part‑pass‑through providers............................................................ 235

103G..... Supply of channel or package......................................................... 236

103H..... Non‑designated pre‑production expenditure not to be counted unless principal photography has commenced        236

103J...... Cash‑based accounting—when expenditure is incurred.................. 236

103JA... When designated script development expenditure is incurred in relation to an eligible drama program etc.              237

103K..... When expenditure incurred on a new eligible drama program......... 239

103L...... ACMA may make determinations about what constitutes program expenditure      240

103M.... Expenditure to be nominated only once in meeting licence conditions 241

Subdivision B—Channel provider supplies channel                                     242

103N..... 10% minimum eligible drama expenditure—channel provider supplies channel      242

103NA.. Carry‑forward eligible drama expenditure....................................... 244

103P...... Shortfall of eligible drama expenditure—channel provider supplies channel exclusively to licensee        244

103Q..... Shortfall of eligible drama expenditure—channel provider supplies channel to multiple licensees           246

Subdivision C—Pass‑through provider supplies channel                            248

103R..... 10% minimum eligible drama expenditure—pass‑through provider supplies channel              248

103RA.. Carry‑forward eligible drama expenditure....................................... 250

103S...... Shortfall of eligible drama expenditure—pass‑through provider supplies channel   251

Subdivision D—Licensee supplies all program material                             252

103T...... 10% minimum eligible drama expenditure—licensee supplies all program material 252

103TA... Carry‑forward eligible drama expenditure....................................... 253

Subdivision E—Part‑channel provider supplies package of programs   254

103U..... 10% minimum eligible drama expenditure—part‑channel provider supplies package of programs          254

103UA.. Carry‑forward eligible drama expenditure....................................... 255

103V..... Shortfall of eligible drama expenditure—part‑channel provider supplies a package of programs exclusively to licensee........................................................................................................ 256

103W.... Shortfall of eligible drama expenditure—part‑channel provider supplies a package of programs to multiple licensees........................................................................................................ 258

Subdivision F—Part‑pass‑through provider supplies package of programs  260

103X..... 10% minimum eligible drama expenditure—part‑pass‑through provider supplies package of programs 260

103XA.. Carry‑forward eligible drama expenditure....................................... 262

103Y..... Shortfall of eligible drama expenditure—part‑pass‑through provider supplies package of programs       263

Subdivision G—Licensee supplies part of program material                    264

103Z...... 10% minimum eligible drama expenditure—licensee supplies part of program material          264

103ZAA Carry‑forward eligible drama expenditure....................................... 266

Subdivision H—Annual returns                                                                          267

103ZA... Licensee to lodge annual return....................................................... 267

103ZB... Channel provider and part‑channel provider to lodge annual return 267

103ZC... ACMA may inquire into the correctness of an annual return.......... 268

103ZD... Nominations to be attached to annual returns.................................. 268

Subdivision I—Compliance certificates                                                           269

103ZE... ACMA to issue compliance certificate............................................ 269

103ZF... Compliance certificate to be prima facie evidence............................ 272

Subdivision J—Miscellaneous                                                                            272

103ZG... Anti‑avoidance—transactions between persons not at arm’s length 272

103ZH... Expenditure to be expressed in Australian currency........................ 272

103ZJ.... Review before 31 March 2003........................................................ 273

Division 6—Miscellaneous                                                                                     274

113........ Transfer of subscription television broadcasting licence................. 274

114........ Surrender of subscription television broadcasting licence............... 274

115........ Minister may protect the free availability of certain types of programs 274

115A..... Review of anti‑siphoning provisions.............................................. 275

116........ Certain arrangements not to result in control or in persons being associates            276

116A..... Use of additional capacity............................................................... 276

116B..... Application of section 51 of the Competition and Consumer Act... 277

Part 8—Subscription broadcasting and narrowcasting class licences 278

117........ Determination of class licences....................................................... 278

118........ Conditions of class licences............................................................ 278

119........ Matters to which conditions may relate........................................... 278

120........ Variation of class licences............................................................... 279

121........ Class licences and variations to be disallowable by the Parliament. 279

Part 8A—Restrictions on subscription television broadcasting services in regional areas etc.   280

121A..... Simplified outline............................................................................ 280

121B..... Definitions...................................................................................... 280

121C..... Identical program items................................................................... 281

121D..... Continuity of program items........................................................... 281

121E...... ACMA permission is required to provide certain television services in regional areas            282

Part 8B—International broadcasting licences                                                  283

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        283

121F...... Simplified outline............................................................................ 283

121FAA Definitions...................................................................................... 284

Division 2—Allocation of international broadcasting licences           285

121FA... Application for international broadcasting licence........................... 285

121FB... Corporate status and suitability....................................................... 285

121FC... Unsuitable applicant........................................................................ 287

121FD... Australia’s national interest............................................................. 288

121FE... Allocation of licence........................................................................ 289

Division 3—Obligations of international broadcasting licensees      290

121FF... Conditions of international broadcasting licences............................ 290

Division 4—Remedies                                                                                               291

121FG... Prohibition on providing an international broadcasting service without a licence     291

121FH... Remedial directions—unlicensed international broadcasting services 291

121FHA Breach of remedial direction—offence............................................ 291

121FHB Breach of remedial direction—civil penalty provision..................... 292

121FJ.... Offence for breach of conditions of international broadcasting licence 292

121FJA. Civil penalty provision relating to breach of conditions of international broadcasting licences 293

121FJB. Remedial directions—licence conditions......................................... 293

121FJC. Breach of remedial direction—offence............................................ 293

121FJD. Breach of remedial direction—civil penalty provision..................... 294

121FK... Cancellation of licence if service does not commence within 2 years 294

121FL... Formal warning, or cancellation or suspension of licence, where service is contrary to Australia’s national interest........................................................................................................ 295

Division 4A—Nominated broadcaster declarations                                 297

121FLA Object of this Division.................................................................... 297

121FLB. Applications for nominated broadcaster declarations...................... 297

121FLC. Making a nominated broadcaster declaration................................... 297

121FLD Effect of nominated broadcaster declaration.................................... 299

121FLE. Conditions of nominated broadcaster declarations.......................... 300

121FLF. Offence for breach of conditions of nominated broadcaster declaration 300

121FLG Revocation of nominated broadcaster declaration............................ 300

121FLH Cancellation of licence if declaration ceases to be in force and licensee is not an Australian company     302

121FLJ.. Register of nominated broadcaster declarations............................... 304

Division 5—ACMA to assist the Minister for Foreign Affairs           305

121FM.. Report about compliance with international broadcasting guidelines 305

121FN... Records of broadcasts..................................................................... 305

Division 6—Miscellaneous                                                                                     306

121FP... International broadcasting guidelines.............................................. 306

121FQ... Surrender of international broadcasting licences............................. 306

121FR... Complaints about international broadcasting services..................... 306

121FS... Statements about decisions of the Minister for Foreign Affairs...... 306

Part 9—Program standards                                                                                        308

122........ Program standards for children’s programs and Australian content 308

123........ Development of codes of practice................................................... 309

123A..... Review by the ACMA.................................................................... 313

123B..... Review by the ACMA—application of code of practice to section 38C licences     314

124........ ACMA to maintain Register of codes of practice............................ 314

125........ ACMA may determine program standards where codes of practice fail or where no code of practice developed    315

126........ Consultation on standards............................................................... 315

127........ Notification of determination or variation or revocation of standards 315

128........ Standards and codes to be amendable by the Parliament................. 316

129........ Limitation of ACMA’s power in relation to standards.................... 316

130........ Application of the Competition and Consumer Act......................... 316

Part 9A—Technical standards                                                                                   317

130A..... Technical standards for digital transmission—television etc........... 317

130AA.. Technical standards for digital transmission—radio etc.................. 319

130AB.. Technical standards relating to the operation of multiplex transmitters 320

130AC.. Technical standards for digital transmission of television services provided with the use of a satellite    320

130B..... Technical standards for domestic digital reception equipment—television etc.         321

130BA.. Technical standards for domestic digital reception equipment—radio etc.                323

130BB... Technical standards for domestic digital reception equipment—television services provided with the use of a satellite........................................................................................................ 326

Part 9B—Industry codes and industry standards                                         329

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              329

130C..... Simplified outline............................................................................ 329

Division 2—Interpretation                                                                                     330

130D..... Industry codes................................................................................. 330

130E...... Industry standards........................................................................... 330

130F...... Industry activities............................................................................ 330

130G..... Sections of the industry................................................................... 332

130H..... Participants in a section of the industry........................................... 332

Division 3—General principles relating to industry codes and industry standards        333

130J...... Statement of regulatory policy......................................................... 333

130K..... Examples of matters that may be dealt with by industry codes and industry standards            333

130L...... Industry codes and industry standards not to deal with certain matters 333

Division 4—Industry codes                                                                                    335

130M.... Registration of industry codes......................................................... 335

130N..... ACMA may request codes.............................................................. 336

130P...... Publication of notice where no body or association represents a section of the industry          337

130Q..... Replacement of industry codes........................................................ 337

Division 5—Industry standards                                                                          338

130R..... ACMA may determine an industry standard if a request for an industry code is not complied with        338

130S...... ACMA may determine industry standard where no industry body or association formed       339

130T...... ACMA may determine industry standards—total failure of industry codes             339

130U..... ACMA may determine industry standards—partial failure of industry codes          341

130V..... Compliance with industry standards............................................... 342

130W.... Formal warnings—breach of industry standards............................ 343

130X..... Variation of industry standards....................................................... 343

130Y..... Revocation of industry standards.................................................... 343

130Z...... Public consultation on industry standards....................................... 343

Division 6—Register of industry codes and industry standards        345

130ZA... ACMA to maintain Register of industry codes and industry standards 345

Part 9C—Access to commercial television broadcasting services provided with the use of a satellite   346

130ZBA Simplified outline............................................................................ 346

130ZB... Objectives of conditional access scheme—South Eastern Australia TV3 licence area and Northern Australia TV3 licence area.................................................................................................. 346

130ZBB Objectives of conditional access scheme—Western Australia TV3 licence area       352

130ZBC Publishing details of open access areas on the ACMA’s website... 358

130ZC... Registration of conditional access scheme developed by representative body or association    359

130ZCAA ACMA may invite representative body or association to develop a revised conditional access scheme 360

130ZCAB ACMA may request development of replacement conditional access scheme       361

130ZCA Registration of conditional access scheme formulated by the ACMA 362

130ZD... Replacement of conditional access scheme...................................... 364

130ZE... ACMA to maintain register of conditional access schemes............. 365

130ZEA ACMA to maintain register of designated digital service days........ 365

130ZF... ACMA may direct a scheme administrator to issue a reception certificate etc.         366

130ZFA Adequate reception.......................................................................... 369

130ZG... Applicable terrestrial digital commercial television broadcasting services                369

130ZH... Declared service‑deficient areas...................................................... 370

Part 9D—Captioning                                                                                                       374

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        374

130ZJ.... Simplified outline............................................................................ 374

130ZK... Definitions...................................................................................... 374

130ZL... Designated viewing hours............................................................... 377

130ZM.. This Part does not apply to foreign language programs.................. 378

130ZN... This Part does not apply to programs that consist wholly of music 378

130ZO... Captioning service provided for part of program............................ 378

130ZP... Multiple subscription television services provided by licensee....... 379

130ZQ... Television service provided in a period........................................... 379

Division 2—Captioning obligations of commercial television broadcasting licensees and national broadcasters                                                                                        380

130ZR... Captioning obligations—basic rule................................................. 380

130ZS... Captioning obligations—special rules for multi‑channelled services 383

130ZT... Annual captioning targets for 2012‑13 and 2013‑14—commercial television broadcasting licensees      385

130ZU... Annual captioning targets for 2012‑13 and 2013‑14—national broadcasters           387

130ZUA Exemption orders and target reduction orders—unjustifiable hardship 390

130ZUAA Effect of target reduction order.................................................... 394

130ZUB Certain breaches to be disregarded.................................................. 397

Division 3—Captioning obligations of subscription television licensees                398

130ZV... Annual captioning targets—subscription television licensees......... 398

130ZVA Categories for subscription television movie services..................... 401

130ZW.. Categories for subscription television general entertainment services 402

130ZX... Exemptions—certain subscription television services provided before 1 July 2022 404

130ZY... Exemption orders and target reduction orders—unjustifiable hardship 409

130ZYA Effect of target reduction order........................................................ 412

130ZZ... Captioning services for repeats of television programs................... 413

130ZZAA Captioning services for simultaneously transmitted
television programs
......................................................................... 414

130ZZAB Certain breaches to be disregarded................................................ 414

Division 4—Captioning standards                                                                     415

130ZZA Captioning standards....................................................................... 415

Division 5—Emergency warnings                                                                      417

130ZZB. Emergency warnings....................................................................... 417

Division 6—Reports and record‑keeping                                                       419

130ZZC. Annual compliance reports.............................................................. 419

130ZZD Record‑keeping............................................................................... 420

Division 7—Review of this Part etc.                                                                 422

130ZZE. Review of this Part etc.................................................................... 422

Part 10—Remedies for breaches of licensing provisions                           423

Division 1—Offences for providing unlicensed services                        423

131........ Prohibition on providing a commercial television broadcasting service without a licence        423

132........ Prohibition on providing a subscription television broadcasting service without a licence       423

133........ Prohibition on providing a commercial radio broadcasting service without a licence               423

134........ Prohibition on providing a community television broadcasting service without a licence         423

135........ Prohibition on providing a community radio broadcasting service without a licence                424

136........ Continuing offences........................................................................ 424

Division 1A—Civil penalty provisions relating to unlicensed services   425

136A..... Prohibition on providing a commercial television broadcasting service without a licence        425

136B..... Prohibition on providing a subscription television broadcasting service without a licence       425

136C..... Prohibition on providing a commercial radio broadcasting service without a licence               425

136D..... Prohibition on providing a community television broadcasting service without a licence         425

136E...... Prohibition on providing a community radio broadcasting service without a licence                426

136F...... Continuing breaches........................................................................ 426

Division 2—Action by ACMA where a person provides a service without a licence     427

137........ Remedial directions—unlicensed services....................................... 427

138........ Breach of remedial direction—offences.......................................... 427

138A..... Breach of remedial direction—civil penalty provision..................... 428

Division 3—Action in relation to breaches by licensees                         429

139........ Offence for breach of conditions of licences and class licences...... 429

140........ Continuing offences........................................................................ 431

140A..... Civil penalty provisions relating to breach of conditions of licences and class licences            431

141........ Remedial directions—licence conditions, class licences and codes of practice         432

142........ Breach of remedial direction—offences.......................................... 434

142A..... Breach of remedial direction—civil penalty provision..................... 435

143........ Suspension and cancellation............................................................ 436

Division 4—Action in relation to class licences                                          438

144........ Application to Federal Court........................................................... 438

Part 10A—Anti‑hoarding rules                                                                                 439

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        439

146A..... Simplified outline............................................................................ 439

146B..... Definitions...................................................................................... 440

146C..... Designated events and designated series of events.......................... 441

146CA.. When event or series is eligible for delayed televising in the Central‑Western time zones        442

146D..... Program suppliers........................................................................... 443

Division 2—Commercial television broadcasting licensees                  445

146E...... Anti‑hoarding rule—licensees......................................................... 445

146F...... Anti‑hoarding rule—program suppliers.......................................... 446

146G..... What constitutes an offer to transfer rights to televise live events... 447

146H..... Offers to transfer rights to televise live events................................ 448

146J...... Contracts to acquire rights to televise live events must authorise the transfer of the rights       449

146K..... Simultaneous events in a series....................................................... 450

146KA.. Delayed televising in the Central‑Western time zones..................... 451

Division 3—National broadcasters                                                                   453

146L...... Anti‑hoarding rule........................................................................... 453

146M.... What constitutes an offer to transfer rights to televise live events... 454

146N..... Offers to transfer rights to televise live events................................ 454

146P...... Contracts to acquire rights to televise live events must authorise the transfer of the rights       455

146Q..... Simultaneous events in a series....................................................... 455

146R..... Delayed televising in the Central‑Western time zones..................... 456

Division 4—Review of anti‑hoarding provisions                                       459

146S...... Review of anti‑hoarding provisions................................................ 459

Part 11—Complaints to the ACMA                                                                       460

Division 1—Complaints relating to action under licences and class licences      460

147........ Complaints relating to offences or breach of licence conditions...... 460

148........ Complaints under codes of practice................................................. 460

149........ Investigation of complaints by the ACMA..................................... 460

Division 2—Complaints relating to national broadcasting services or datacasting services provided by the ABC or SBS                                                                                 462

150........ Complaints relating to national broadcasting services or datacasting services provided by the ABC or SBS           462

151........ Investigation of complaints relating to the ABC or SBS by the ACMA  462

152........ Action by ACMA where complaint justified.................................. 463

153........ ACMA may report to Minister on results of recommendation........ 463

Part 13—Information gathering by the ACMA                                             464

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        464

168........ Obtaining of information by the ACMA......................................... 464

169........ Decision‑making by the ACMA not limited to matters discovered by investigation or hearing               464

Division 2—Investigations                                                                                     465

170........ Investigations by the ACMA.......................................................... 465

171........ Minister may direct ACMA to conduct an investigation................. 465

172........ ACMA may call for written submissions from the public.............. 465

173........ Notice requiring appearance for examination.................................. 466

174........ Examination on oath or affirmation................................................. 466

175........ Examination to take place in private................................................ 466

176........ Record to be made of examination.................................................. 466

177........ Production of documents for inspection.......................................... 467

178........ Report on investigation................................................................... 467

179........ Publication of report........................................................................ 467

180........ Person adversely affected by report to be given opportunity to comment 467

Division 3—Hearings                                                                                                469

182........ Power to hold hearings................................................................... 469

183........ Minister may direct ACMA to hold a hearing................................. 469

184........ Procedure for conduct of hearings.................................................. 469

185........ ACMA may direct holding of conference....................................... 469

186........ Hearings to be informal, quick and economical............................... 470

187........ Hearings to be in public except in exceptional cases....................... 470

188........ Public notice of hearings................................................................. 470

189........ Confidential material not to be published........................................ 470

190........ Directions as to private hearings..................................................... 471

191........ Constitution of ACMA for conduct of hearings............................. 471

192........ Presiding member........................................................................... 471

193........ Reconstitution of hearing panel....................................................... 471

194........ Exercise of powers in relation to conduct of hearing....................... 471

195........ Summons to give evidence or produce documents.......................... 472

196........ Written submissions may be made to hearing................................. 472

197........ Evidence and submissions to be taken into account by ACMA...... 472

198........ Representation at hearings............................................................... 472

199........ Reports on hearings........................................................................ 473

Division 4—General                                                                                                  474

200........ Protection of members and persons giving evidence....................... 474

201........ Protection of panel conducting hearing........................................... 474

202........ Non‑compliance with requirement to give evidence........................ 474

203........ Proceedings for defamation not to lie.............................................. 476

Part 14—Appeals to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal                     477

204........ Appeals to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal............................. 477

205........ Notification of decisions to include notification of reasons and appeal rights           483

Part 14A—Accounts and payment of licence fees                                         485

205A..... Definitions...................................................................................... 485

205B..... Broadcasting licensees to keep accounts......................................... 485

205BA.. Datacasting transmitter licensees to keep accounts.......................... 487

205C..... Payment of licence fees................................................................... 488

205D..... Penalty for unpaid licence fees........................................................ 488

Part 14B—Civil penalties                                                                                              492

Division 1—Ancillary contravention of civil penalty provision         492

205E...... Ancillary contravention of civil penalty provision........................... 492

Division 2—Civil penalty orders                                                                        493

205EA... Simplified outline............................................................................ 493

205F...... Civil penalty orders......................................................................... 493

205G..... Who may apply for a civil penalty order......................................... 494

205H..... 2 or more proceedings may be heard together................................. 495

205J...... Time limit for application for an order............................................. 495

205K..... Civil evidence and procedure rules for civil penalty orders............. 495

205L...... Civil proceedings after criminal proceedings................................... 495

205M.... Criminal proceedings during civil proceedings............................... 495

205N..... Criminal proceedings after civil proceedings................................... 495

205P...... Evidence given in proceedings for a civil penalty order not admissible in criminal proceedings              496

205PAA Mistake of fact................................................................................ 496

Part 14C—Injunctions                                                                                                    498

205PA... Simplified outline............................................................................ 498

205Q..... Injunctions...................................................................................... 498

205R..... Interim injunctions.......................................................................... 498

205S...... Discharge etc. of injunctions........................................................... 499

205T...... Certain limits on granting injunctions not to apply.......................... 499

205U..... Other powers of the Federal Court unaffected................................ 499

Part 14D—Enforceable undertakings                                                                   500

205V..... Simplified outline............................................................................ 500

205W.... Acceptance of undertakings............................................................ 500

205X..... Enforcement of undertakings.......................................................... 501

Part 14E—Infringement notices                                                                               502

205XAA.................................................................................. Simplified outline  502

205XA.. Formal warning............................................................................... 502

205Y..... When an infringement notice can be given...................................... 502

205Z...... Matters to be included in an infringement notice............................. 503

205ZA... Amount of penalty.......................................................................... 503

205ZB... Withdrawal of an infringement notice............................................. 503

205ZC... What happens if the penalty is paid................................................. 504

205ZD... Effect of this Part on criminal proceedings...................................... 504

205ZE... Appointment of authorised infringement notice officer................... 505

205ZF... Regulations..................................................................................... 505

Part 15—Miscellaneous                                                                                                  506

206........ Broadcasting or datacasting taken to be publication in permanent form 506

207........ Amounts of fees.............................................................................. 506

209........ Prosecutions.................................................................................... 506

210........ Publication of opinions................................................................... 506

211........ Service of notices............................................................................ 507

211AA.. Time when a television program is broadcast—certain terrestrial licence areas        507

211A..... Time when a television program is broadcast—South Eastern Australia TV3 and Northern Australia TV3 licence areas........................................................................................................ 508

212........ Special provisions for re‑transmission of programs........................ 510

212A..... Self‑help providers.......................................................................... 512

212B..... Declared self‑help providers and excluded providers...................... 514

213........ Penalties for continuing offences.................................................... 514

214........ Procedure relating to continuing offences....................................... 515

215........ Guidelines relating to ACMA’s enforcement powers etc................ 515

215A..... Review—technologies for the transmission of digital radio broadcasting services and restricted datacasting services in regional licence areas etc................................................................. 516

215B..... Review—development and regulation of digital radio broadcasting services and restricted datacasting services     518

216........ Ministerial consultative and advisory bodies................................... 518

216A..... Schedule 4 (digital television broadcasting).................................... 518

216B..... Schedule 5 (online services)............................................................ 519

216C..... Schedule 6 (datacasting services).................................................... 519

216D..... Schedule 7 (content services).......................................................... 519

217........ Regulations..................................................................................... 519

218........ Channel sharing.............................................................................. 519

Schedule 1—Control and ownership of company interests                     521

Part 1—Introduction                                                                                                        521

1............ Control—general............................................................................. 521

Part 2—When person is in a position to exercise control                           523

2............ When person is in a position to exercise control............................. 523

3............ When person is in a position to exercise control of a newspaper.... 526

4............ Special provisions for authorised lenders........................................ 527

Part 3—Deemed control                                                                                                 531

5............ Explanation of examples................................................................. 531

6............ The 15% rule................................................................................... 531

7............ Application of method through chain of companies........................ 531

Part 4—Tracing of ownership                                                                                   532

8............ Tracing of ownership...................................................................... 532

Schedule 2—Standard conditions                                                                            534

Part 1—Interpretation                                                                                                    534

1............ Definitions...................................................................................... 534

2............ Interpretation—certain things do not amount to broadcasting of advertisements      537

Part 2—Special conditions                                                                                            538

3............ Broadcasting of political or controversial material........................... 538

3A......... Broadcasting of election advertisements.......................................... 538

4............ Identification of certain political matter............................................ 539

5............ Records of matter broadcast............................................................ 540

6............ Advertisements relating to medicines.............................................. 541

Part 3—Commercial television broadcasting licences                                  543

Division 1—General                                                                                                  543

7............ Conditions of commercial television broadcasting licences............. 543

Division 2—Licences allocated under section 38C                                   550

7A......... Common conditions........................................................................ 550

7B......... Conditions about the provision of core/primary commercial television broadcasting services  550

7C......... Conditions about the provision of non‑core/primary commercial television broadcasting services          553

7D......... Condition about the provision of local news services..................... 557

7E.......... Exemption—provision of new commercial television broadcasting services not technically feasible       558

7F.......... Exemption—commercial television broadcasting services with the same program content      559

7G......... Delay in commencement of new commercial television broadcasting services         560

7H......... Start dates for licence areas............................................................. 561

7J.......... Program content.............................................................................. 562

7K......... SDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service 563

7L.......... Definitions...................................................................................... 563

Part 4—Commercial radio broadcasting licences                                          565

8............ Standard conditions of commercial radio broadcasting licences...... 565

Part 5—Community broadcasting licences                                                        569

9............ Conditions applicable to services provided under community broadcasting licences                569

Part 6—Subscription television broadcasting licences                                 573

10.......... Conditions applicable to subscription television broadcasting licences 573

Part 7—Services provided under class licences                                               576

11.......... Conditions applicable to broadcasting services provided under class licences          576


An Act relating to broadcasting services, datacasting services, online services and content services, and for related purposes

  

Part 1Preliminary

  

1  Short title [see Note 1]

                   This Act may be cited as the Broadcasting Services Act 1992.

2  Commencement [see Note 1]

             (1)  Section 1, this section, sections 3 and 6 commence on the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent.

             (2)  The remaining provisions of this Act commence on a day to be fixed by Proclamation.

             (3)  If those provisions do not commence under subsection (2) within the period of 6 months beginning on the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent, those provisions commence on the first day after the end of that period.

3  Objects of this Act

             (1)  The objects of this Act are:

                     (a)  to promote the availability to audiences throughout Australia of a diverse range of radio and television services offering entertainment, education and information; and

                    (aa)  to promote the availability to audiences and users throughout Australia of a diverse range of datacasting services; and

                     (b)  to provide a regulatory environment that will facilitate the development of a broadcasting industry in Australia that is efficient, competitive and responsive to audience needs; and

                   (ba)  to provide a regulatory environment that will facilitate the development of a datacasting industry in Australia that is efficient, competitive and responsive to audience and user needs; and

                     (c)  to encourage diversity in control of the more influential broadcasting services; and

                     (e)  to promote the role of broadcasting services in developing and reflecting a sense of Australian identity, character and cultural diversity; and

                    (ea)  to promote the availability to audiences throughout Australia of television and radio programs about matters of local significance; and

                      (f)  to promote the provision of high quality and innovative programming by providers of broadcasting services; and

                    (fa)  to promote the provision of high quality and innovative content by providers of datacasting services; and

                     (g)  to encourage providers of commercial and community broadcasting services to be responsive to the need for a fair and accurate coverage of matters of public interest and for an appropriate coverage of matters of local significance; and

                     (h)  to encourage providers of broadcasting services to respect community standards in the provision of program material; and

                   (ha)  to ensure designated content/hosting service providers respect community standards in relation to content; and

                      (i)  to encourage the provision of means for addressing complaints about broadcasting services; and

                      (j)  to ensure that providers of broadcasting services place a high priority on the protection of children from exposure to program material which may be harmful to them; and

                    (ja)  to ensure that international broadcasting services are not provided contrary to Australia’s national interest; and

                     (k)  to provide a means for addressing complaints about certain internet content; and

                      (l)  to restrict access to certain internet content that is likely to cause offence to a reasonable adult; and

                    (m)  to protect children from exposure to internet content that is unsuitable for children; and

                     (n)  to ensure the maintenance and, where possible, the development of diversity, including public, community and indigenous broadcasting, in the Australian broadcasting system in the transition to digital broadcasting.

             (2)  In this section:

designated content/hosting service provider has the same meaning as in Schedule 7.

internet content has the same meaning as in Schedule 5.

4  Regulatory policy

             (1)  The Parliament intends that different levels of regulatory control be applied across the range of broadcasting services, datacasting services and internet services according to the degree of influence that different types of broadcasting services, datacasting services and internet services are able to exert in shaping community views in Australia.

             (2)  The Parliament also intends that broadcasting services and datacasting services in Australia be regulated in a manner that, in the opinion of the ACMA:

                     (a)  enables public interest considerations to be addressed in a way that does not impose unnecessary financial and administrative burdens on providers of broadcasting services and datacasting services; and

                     (b)  will readily accommodate technological change; and

                     (c)  encourages:

                              (i)  the development of broadcasting technologies and datacasting technologies, and their application; and

                             (ii)  the provision of services made practicable by those technologies to the Australian community.

             (3)  The Parliament also intends that internet carriage services supplied to end‑users in Australia, be regulated in a manner that:

                     (a)  enables public interest considerations to be addressed in a way that does not impose unnecessary financial and administrative burdens on internet service providers; and

                     (b)  will readily accommodate technological change; and

                     (c)  encourages:

                              (i)  the development of internet technologies and their application; and

                             (ii)  the provision of services made practicable by those technologies to the Australian community; and

                            (iii)  the supply of internet carriage services at performance standards that reasonably meet the social, industrial and commercial needs of the Australian community.

       (3AA)  The Parliament also intends that designated content/hosting services be regulated in a manner that:

                     (a)  enables public interest considerations to be addressed in a way that does not impose unnecessary financial and administrative burdens on the providers of those services; and

                     (b)  will readily accommodate technological change; and

                     (c)  encourages:

                              (i)  the development of communications technologies and their application; and

                             (ii)  the provision of services made practicable by those technologies to the Australian community.

          (3A)  This section does not apply to Part 8B (which deals with international broadcasting services).

             (4)  In this section:

designated content/hosting service has the same meaning as in Schedule 7.

internet carriage service has the same meaning as in Schedule 5.

internet content has the same meaning as in Schedule 5.

internet service provider has the same meaning as in Schedule 5.

5  Role of the ACMA

             (1)  In order to achieve the objects of this Act in a way that is consistent with the regulatory policy referred to in section 4, the Parliament:

                     (a)  charges the ACMA with responsibility for monitoring the broadcasting industry, the datacasting industry, the internet industry and the commercial content service industry; and

                     (b)  confers on the ACMA a range of functions and powers that are to be used in a manner that, in the opinion of the ACMA, will:

                              (i)  produce regulatory arrangements that are stable and predictable; and

                             (ii)  deal effectively with breaches of the rules established by this Act.

             (2)  Where it is necessary for the ACMA to use any of the powers conferred on it by this Act to deal with a breach of this Act or the regulations, the Parliament intends that the ACMA use its powers, or a combination of its powers, in a manner that, in the opinion of the ACMA, is commensurate with the seriousness of the breach concerned.

             (3)  This section does not, by implication, limit the functions and powers of:

                     (b)  the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission; or

                     (c)  any other body or person who has regulatory responsibilities in relation to the internet industry.

             (4)  In this section:

commercial content service has the same meaning as in Schedule 7.

6  Interpretation

             (1)  In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:

ACMA means the Australian Communications and Media Authority.

ACNC type of entity means an entity that meets the description of a type of entity in column 1 of the table in subsection 25‑5(5) of the Australian Charities and Not‑for‑profits Commission Act 2012.

amount paid on shares, in relation to a company, includes an amount treated by the company as having been so paid.

analog commercial radio broadcasting service means a commercial radio broadcasting service that is transmitted using an analog modulation technique.

analog community radio broadcasting service means a community radio broadcasting service that is transmitted using an analog modulation technique.

anti‑siphoning event means an event, or an event of a kind, that is specified in a notice under subsection 115(1). For this purpose, disregard subsections 115(1AA) and (1B).

associate, in relation to a person in relation to control of a licence or a newspaper, or control of a company in relation to a licence or a newspaper, means:

                     (a)  the person’s spouse or a parent, child, brother or sister of the person; or

                     (b)  a partner of the person or, if a partner of the person is a natural person, a spouse or a child of a partner of the person; or

                     (c)  if the person or another person who is an associate of the person under another paragraph receives benefits or is capable of benefiting under a trust—the trustee of the trust; or

                     (d)  a person (whether a company or not) who:

                              (i)  acts, or is accustomed to act; or

                             (ii)  under a contract or an arrangement or understanding (whether formal or informal) is intended or expected to act;

                            in accordance with the directions, instructions or wishes of, or in concert with, the first‑mentioned person or of the first‑mentioned person and another person who is an associate of the first‑mentioned person under another paragraph; or

                     (e)  if the person is a company—another company if:

                              (i)  the other company is a related body corporate of the person for the purposes of the Corporations Act 1990; or

                             (ii)  the person, or the person and another person who is an associate of the person under another paragraph, are in a position to exercise control of the other company;

but persons are not associates if the ACMA is satisfied that they do not act together in any relevant dealings relating to that company, licence or newspaper, and neither of them is in a position to exert influence over the business dealings of the other in relation to that company, licence or newspaper.

Note 1:       Licence is given an extended meaning by this subsection.

Note 2:       See also subsection (3).

associate member means an associate member of the ACMA.

authorised infringement notice officer means:

                     (a)  the Chair of the ACMA; or

                     (b)  a member of the staff of the ACMA appointed under section 205ZE.

broadcasting service means a service that delivers television programs or radio programs to persons having equipment appropriate for receiving that service, whether the delivery uses the radiofrequency spectrum, cable, optical fibre, satellite or any other means or a combination of those means, but does not include:

                     (a)  a service (including a teletext service) that provides no more than data, or no more than text (with or without associated still images); or

                     (b)  a service that makes programs available on demand on a point‑to‑point basis, including a dial‑up service; or

                     (c)  a service, or a class of services, that the Minister determines, by notice in the Gazette, not to fall within this definition.

broadcasting services bands means:

                     (a)  that part of the radiofrequency spectrum that is designated under subsection 31(1) of the Radiocommunications Act 1992 as being primarily for broadcasting purposes; and

                     (b)  that part of the radiofrequency spectrum that is designated under subsection 31(1A) of the Radiocommunications Act 1992 as being partly for the purpose of digital radio broadcasting services and restricted datacasting services.

broadcasting services bands licence means a commercial television broadcasting licence, a commercial radio broadcasting licence or a community broadcasting licence that uses the broadcasting services bands as a means of delivering broadcasting services.

census count means a census count of the Australian population published by the Australian Statistician.

CER Trade in Services Protocol:

                     (a)  means the Protocol on Trade in Services to the Australia New Zealand Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement (being that Protocol as in force from time to time); and

                     (b)  includes an instrument under that Protocol (being that instrument as in force from time to time).

Chair means the Chair of the ACMA.

channel B datacasting transmitter licence has the same meaning as in the Radiocommunications Act 1992, and includes an authorisation under section 114 of that Act by the licensee of such a licence.

child: without limiting who is a child of a person for the purposes of this Act, someone is the child of a person if he or she is a child of the person within the meaning of the Family Law Act 1975.

civil penalty order means an order under subsection 205F(1).

civil penalty provision means a provision declared by this Act to be a civil penalty provision.

class licence means a class licence determined by the ACMA under section 117.

commercial broadcasting service has the meaning given by section 14.

commercial radio broadcasting licence means a licence under Part 4 to provide:

                     (a)  in the case of a licence allocated under subsection 40(1)—a commercial radio broadcasting service; or

                     (b)  in any other case—the commercial radio broadcasting service or services that, under section 41D, are authorised by the licence.

commercial radio broadcasting service means a commercial broadcasting service that provides radio programs.

commercial television broadcasting licence means a licence under Part 4 to provide:

                    (aa)  in the case of a licence allocated under section 38C—the commercial television broadcasting services that, under section 41CA, are authorised by the licence; or

                     (a)  in the case of a licence allocated under subsection 40(1)—a commercial television broadcasting service; or

                     (b)  in any other case—the commercial television broadcasting services that, under section 41B or 41C, are authorised by the licence.

commercial television broadcasting service means a commercial broadcasting service that provides television programs.

community broadcasting licence means:

                     (a)  a community radio broadcasting licence; or

                     (b)  a community television broadcasting licence.

community broadcasting service has the meaning given by section 15.

community radio broadcasting licence means:

                     (a)  a licence under Part 6 to provide:

                              (i)  in the case of a licence allocated under subsection 82(1)—a community radio broadcasting service; or

                             (ii)  in the case of a designated community radio broadcasting licence—the community radio broadcasting service or services that, under section 85A, are authorised by the licence; or

                            (iii)  in any other case—a community radio broadcasting service; or

                     (b)  a licence under Part 6A to provide a community radio broadcasting service.

community radio broadcasting service means a community broadcasting service that provides radio programs.

community television broadcasting licence means a licence under Part 6 or 6A to provide a community broadcasting service that provides television programs.

company interests, in relation to a person who has a shareholding interest, a voting interest, a dividend interest or a winding‑up interest in a company, means the percentage of that interest or, if the person has 2 or more of those interests, whichever of those interests has the greater or greatest percentage.

conditional access scheme means a scheme that sets out rules relating to access to services provided under a commercial television broadcasting licence allocated under section 38C.

constitutional corporation means a corporation to which paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution applies.

control includes control as a result of, or by means of, trusts, agreements, arrangements, understandings and practices, whether or not having legal or equitable force and whether or not based on legal or equitable rights.

core commercial television broadcasting service, in relation to a commercial television broadcasting licence, has the meaning given by whichever of paragraph 41A(1)(b) or (2)(a) is applicable.

Note:          There is no core commercial television broadcasting service in relation to a licence allocated on or after 1 January 2009. This is because core commercial television broadcasting services are certain services authorised by licences allocated before 1 January 2009.

core/primary commercial television broadcasting service, in relation to a commercial television broadcasting licence, means:

                     (a)  if a core commercial television broadcasting service is provided under the licence—that service; or

                     (b)  if a primary commercial television broadcasting service (within the meaning of Schedule 4) is provided under the licence—that service.

CTV licence means a community broadcasting licence under Part 6 to provide a service that provides television programs but is not targeted, to a significant extent, to one or more remote Indigenous communities.

datacasting licence means a licence under Schedule 6 to provide a datacasting service.

datacasting service means a service that delivers content:

                     (a)  whether in the form of text; or

                     (b)  whether in the form of data; or

                     (c)  whether in the form of speech, music or other sounds; or

                     (d)  whether in the form of visual images (animated or otherwise); or

                     (e)  whether in any other form; or

                      (f)  whether in any combination of forms;

to persons having equipment appropriate for receiving that content, where the delivery of the service uses the broadcasting services bands.

datacasting transmitter licence has the same meaning as in the Radiocommunications Act 1992, and includes an authorisation under section 114 of that Act by the licensee of such a licence.

de facto partner of a person has the meaning given by the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

designated community radio broadcasting licence has the meaning given by section 8AA.

designated infringement notice provision means a provision declared by this Act to be a designated infringement notice provision.

designated re‑stack day has the meaning given by subsection 26(1K).

digital commercial radio broadcasting service means a commercial radio broadcasting service that is transmitted using a digital modulation technique.

digital community radio broadcasting service means a community radio broadcasting service that is transmitted using a digital modulation technique.

digital national radio broadcasting service means a national radio broadcasting service that is transmitted using a digital modulation technique.

digital program enhancement content, in relation to a radio program, means content:

                     (a)  in the form of text; or

                     (b)  in the form of still visual images; or

                     (c)  if a form is specified in a legislative instrument made by the Minister—in that form; or

                     (d)  in any combination of the above forms;

where:

                     (e)  the content is transmitted using a digital modulation technique; and

                      (f)  both the content and the radio program are intended to be received by the same reception equipment; and

                     (g)  if:

                              (i)  the reception equipment is capable of receiving both the content and the radio program; and

                             (ii)  the reception equipment is set to receive the radio program;

                            the reception equipment will also receive the content.

digital radio moratorium period for a licence area has the meaning given by subsection 35C(3).

digital radio multiplex transmitter licence has the same meaning as in the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

digital radio start‑up day for a licence area has the meaning given by section 8AC.

domestic digital television receiver has the same meaning as in the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

evidential burden, in relation to a matter, means the burden of adducing or pointing to evidence that suggests a reasonable possibility that the matter exists or does not exist.

Federal Court means the Federal Court of Australia.

final digital television switch‑over day has the meaning given by section 8AE.

foundation digital radio multiplex transmitter licence has the same meaning as in the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

infringement notice means an infringement notice under section 205Y.

international broadcasting guidelines means guidelines in force under section 121FP.

international broadcasting licence means a licence to provide an international broadcasting service.

international broadcasting service has the meaning given by section 18A.

legislature of a Territory means:

                     (a)  the Legislative Assembly for the Australian Capital Territory; or

                     (b)  the Legislative Assembly of the Northern Territory; or

                     (c)  such other Territory legislative bodies as are prescribed.

licence means:

                     (a)  in the definition of associate, section 7, Part 5 and Schedule 1:

                              (i)  a licence allocated by the ACMA under this Act (other than a class licence); or

                             (ii)  a datacasting transmitter licence; and

                     (b)  in any other provision of this Act—a licence allocated by the ACMA under this Act (other than a class licence).

licence area means:

                     (a)  an area designated by the ACMA under section 29, 40 or 92G; or

                     (b)  an area specified in column 1 of the table in subsection 38C(1).

Note 1:       See also section 8AD, which deals with deemed radio broadcasting licence areas.

Note 2:       See also section 8 of the Broadcasting Services (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 1992, which deals with deemed licence areas.

licence area plan means a licence area plan prepared under subsection 26(1) or (1B).

licence area population, in relation to a licence area, means the population of the licence area determined under section 30.

line has the same meaning as in the Telecommunications Act 1997.

MDS system means a system for transmitting radiocommunications on a frequency or frequencies within:

                     (a)  the frequency band from 2076 Megahertz up to and including 2111 Megahertz; or

                     (b)  the frequency band from 2300 Megahertz up to and including 2400 Megahertz.

member means a member of the ACMA.

Minister for Foreign Affairs means the Minister administering the Diplomatic Privileges and Immunities Act 1967.

multiplex capacity has the same meaning as in Division 4B of Part 3.3 of the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

national broadcaster means the provider of a national broadcasting service referred to in paragraph 13(1)(a) or (b).

national broadcasting service has the meaning given by section 13.

national radio broadcasting service means a national broadcasting service that provides radio programs.

near relative, in relation to a person, means:

                     (a)  a parent, step‑parent, child, stepchild, grandparent, grandchild, brother or sister of the person; or

                     (b)  the spouse of the first‑mentioned person.

newspaper means a newspaper that is in the English language and is published on at least 4 days in each week, but does not include a publication if less than 50% of its circulation is by way of sale.

offence against this Act includes an offence against section 136.1 or 137.1 of the Criminal Code that relates to this Act.

open narrowcasting radio service means an open narrowcasting service that provides radio programs.

open narrowcasting service has the meaning given by section 18.

open narrowcasting television service means an open narrowcasting service that provides television programs.

overlap area, in relation to a licence area part of which is within another licence area, means the area of overlap between the 2 licence areas.

parent: without limiting who is a parent of a person for the purposes of this Act, someone is the parent of a person if the person is his or her child because of the definition of child in this section.

Parliament means:

                     (a)  the Parliament of the Commonwealth; or

                     (b)  a State Parliament; or

                     (c)  the legislature of a Territory.

penalty unit has the meaning given by section 4AA of the Crimes Act 1914.

political party means an organisation whose objects or activities include the promotion of the election of candidates endorsed by it to a Parliament.

population of Australia means the Australian population determined by the ACMA under section 30.

program, in relation to a broadcasting service, means:

                     (a)  matter the primary purpose of which is to entertain, to educate or to inform an audience; or

                     (b)  advertising or sponsorship matter, whether or not of a commercial kind.

program standards means standards determined by the ACMA relating to the content or delivery of programs.

radio program has a meaning affected by section 8AB.

reception certificate means a reception certificate issued under a conditional access scheme registered under Part 9C.

regional racing service radio licence has the meaning given by section 8AF.

registered code of practice means a code of practice registered under:

                     (a)  section 123; or

                     (b)  clause 62 of Schedule 5; or

                     (c)  clause 28 of Schedule 6; or

                     (d)  clause 85 of Schedule 7.

remote area service radio licence means a regional commercial radio broadcasting licence (within the meaning of Division 5C of Part 5) the licence area of which is:

                     (a)  Remote Commercial Radio Service Central Zone RA1; or

                     (b)  Remote Commercial Radio Service North East Zone RA1; or

                     (c)  Remote Commercial Radio Service Western Zone RA1.

remote Indigenous community has the meaning given by section 8B.

restricted datacasting licence means a datacasting licence allocated as a result of an application for a restricted datacasting licence.

restricted datacasting service means a datacasting service provided under, and in accordance with the conditions of, a restricted datacasting licence.

satellite subscription television broadcasting licence means a licence under Part 7 to provide a subscription television broadcasting service with the use of a subscription television satellite.

scheme administrator:

                     (a)  in relation to a conditional access scheme for the South Eastern Australia TV3 licence area or the Northern Australia TV3 licence area—has the meaning given by subsection 130ZB(8); or

                     (b)  in relation to a conditional access scheme for the Western Australia TV3 licence area—has the meaning given by subsection 130ZBB(9).

shares, in relation to a company, means shares in, or stock forming part of, the capital of the company.

spouse of a person includes a de facto partner of the person.

stepchild: without limiting who is a stepchild of a person for the purposes of this Act, someone who is a child of a de facto partner of the person is the stepchild of the person if he or she would be the person’s stepchild except that the person is not legally married to the partner.

step‑parent: without limiting who is a step‑parent of a person for the purposes of this Act, someone who is a de facto partner of a parent of the person is the step‑parent of the person if he or she would be the person’s step‑parent except that he or she is not legally married to the person’s parent.

subscription broadcasting service has the meaning given by section 16.

subscription fee includes any form of consideration.

subscription narrowcasting service has the meaning given by section 17.

subscription radio broadcasting service means a subscription broadcasting service that provides radio programs.

subscription radio narrowcasting service means a subscription narrowcasting service that provides radio programs.

subscription television broadcasting licence means a licence under Part 7 to provide one or more subscription television broadcasting services.

subscription television broadcasting service means a subscription broadcasting service that provides television programs.

subscription television narrowcasting service means a subscription narrowcasting service that provides television programs.

subscription television satellite means a satellite that was, at any time before 1 July 1997, operated under the general telecommunications licence that was granted to AUSSAT Pty Ltd and notified on 26 November 1991 in Gazette No. S323.

telecommunications carrier means a carrier (within the meaning of the Telecommunications Act 1997).

television licence area plan means a licence area plan prepared under subsection 26(1B).

temporary community broadcasting licence means a community broadcasting licence that:

                     (a)  is a broadcasting services bands licence; and

                     (b)  is allocated under Part 6A.

transaction includes:

                     (a)  arrangements under which a person becomes a director of a company; and

                     (b)  the acquisition of things by gift or inheritance.

             (2)  A determination under paragraph (c) of the definition of broadcasting service in subsection (1) is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (3)  For the purposes of paragraph (a) of the definition of associate in subsection (1) and the definition of near relative in subsection (1), if one person is the child of another person because of the definition of child in this section, relationships traced to or through the person are to be determined on the basis that the person is the child of the other person.

7  Interpretation—meaning of control

                   Schedule 1 sets out mechanisms that are to be used in:

                     (a)  deciding whether a person is in a position to exercise control of a licence, a company or a newspaper for the purposes of this Act; and

                     (b)  tracing company interests of persons.

Note:          Licence is given an extended meaning by subsection 6(1).

8  Interpretation—shareholding interests, voting interests, dividend interests and winding‑up interests

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act:

                     (a)  a person has a shareholding interest in a company if the person is beneficially entitled to, or to an interest in, shares in the company, whether or not any part of the legal ownership of the shares is vested in the person; and

                     (b)  the percentage of the interest is the value of the shares, or of the interest in the shares, as the case may be, on the basis that the value of the shares is equal to the amount paid on the shares, expressed as a percentage of the total of all amounts paid on shares in the company.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act:

                     (a)  a person has a voting interest in a company if the person is in a position to exercise control of votes cast on a poll at a meeting of the company; and

                     (b)  the percentage of the interest is the greatest percentage of the number of votes, expressed as a percentage of the total number of votes that could be cast on any issue at a meeting of the company, the casting of which the person is in a position to control.

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act:

                     (a)  a person has a dividend interest in a company if:

                              (i)  the person is, or would become if a dividend were declared, beneficially entitled to be paid or credited a dividend by the company; or

                             (ii)  under the memorandum and articles of association of the company, a share of any profits of the company is to be, or may be, paid or credited to the person otherwise than as dividends on shares; and

                     (b)  the percentage of the interest is:

                              (i)  if subparagraph (a)(i) applies—the amount of the dividend to which the person is beneficially entitled or will become beneficially entitled expressed as a percentage of the total of all dividends to which members of the company become entitled at that time; or

                             (ii)  if subparagraph (a)(ii) applies—the amount of the maximum share of any profits of the company that could be paid or credited to the person at a particular time expressed as a percentage of the total of all shares of profits that could be paid or credited to all members of the company at that time.

             (4)  For the purposes of this Act:

                     (a)  a person has a winding‑up interest in a company if the person would be entitled to a share of the property of the company that could be distributed among members of the company if property of the company were distributed among members, whether as a result of a winding‑up or otherwise; and

                     (b)  the percentage of the interest is the percentage that the value of that part of the property of the company to which the person would be so entitled bears to the total value of the property of the company.

             (5)  A person may have a voting interest, a dividend interest or a winding‑up interest in a company even if the person does not have a beneficial entitlement to, or to an interest in, shares in the company.

8A  Captioning taken to be part of program

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, if a television program is captioned for the deaf and hearing impaired, the captioning is taken to be part of the program.

             (2)  Subsection (1) is enacted for the avoidance of doubt.

8AA  Designated community radio broadcasting licence

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a community radio broadcasting licence is a designated community radio broadcasting licence if:

                     (a)  the community radio broadcasting licence was allocated under Part 6 (other than under subsection 82(1)); and

                     (b)  the licence area of the community radio broadcasting licence is the same as the licence area of a commercial radio broadcasting licence; and

                     (c)  the community radio broadcasting service or services provided under the community radio broadcasting licence satisfy such conditions (if any) as are set out in a legislative instrument made by the ACMA.

Note:          See also section 8AD, which deals with deemed radio broadcasting licence areas.

             (2)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, give the ACMA a direction about the exercise of the power conferred by paragraph (1)(c).

             (3)  The ACMA must comply with a direction under subsection (2).

8AB  Digital program enhancement content taken to be a radio program

Commercial radio broadcasting services

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act and any other law of the Commonwealth, if a commercial radio broadcasting licensee provides:

                     (a)  a digital commercial radio broadcasting service; and

                     (b)  digital program enhancement content in relation to a radio program delivered by that service;

the digital program enhancement content is taken to be a radio program delivered by that service.

Community radio broadcasting services

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act and any other law of the Commonwealth, if a designated community radio broadcasting licensee provides:

                     (a)  a digital community radio broadcasting service; and

                     (b)  digital program enhancement content in relation to a radio program delivered by that service;

the digital program enhancement content is taken to be a radio program delivered by that service.

National radio broadcasting services

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act and any other law of the Commonwealth, if a national broadcaster provides:

                     (a)  a digital national radio broadcasting service; and

                     (b)  digital program enhancement content in relation to a radio program delivered by that service;

the digital program enhancement content is taken to be a radio program delivered by that service.

8AC  Digital radio start‑up day

             (1)  If the ACMA is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the ACMA has taken sufficient action under:

                              (i)  Part 3 of this Act; and

                             (ii)  Part 2.3 of the Radiocommunications Act 1992;

                            to facilitate the provision of the following services in a licence area:

                            (iii)  digital commercial radio broadcasting services;

                            (iv)  digital community radio broadcasting services;

                             (v)  digital national radio broadcasting services; and

                     (b)  one or more foundation digital radio multiplex transmitter licences have been issued for the licence area; and

                     (c)  the multiplex capacity, or the combined multiplex capacities, of those licences are sufficient to fulfil the standard access entitlements that are likely to come into existence under subsection 118NQ(2) of the Radiocommunications Act 1992 in its application to the licence area; and

                     (d)  an access undertaking under Division 4B of Part 3.3 of the Radiocommunications Act 1992 is in force for the licence or licences referred to in paragraph (b);

the ACMA may, by writing, declare a specified day to be the digital radio start‑up day for the licence area.

             (2)  A day specified in a declaration under subsection (1) must not be earlier than the day on which the declaration is made.

             (3)  The ACMA must ensure that:

                     (a)  the digital radio start‑up day for a metropolitan licence area is not later than 1 July 2009; and

                     (b)  the digital radio start‑up day for a regional licence area is the day specified for the regional licence area in a legislative instrument made by the Minister.

             (4)  A copy of a declaration under subsection (1) must be made available on the ACMA’s website.

             (5)  A declaration under subsection (1) is not a legislative instrument.

ACMA to give notice of intention to make a declaration

             (6)  Before making a declaration under subsection (1), the ACMA must, by notice published on the ACMA’s website, give at least 30 days’ written notice of its intention to make the declaration.

             (7)  A notice under subsection (6) is not a legislative instrument.

Definitions

             (8)  In this section:

licence area means:

                     (a)  the licence area of a commercial radio broadcasting licence; or

                     (b)  the licence area of a community radio broadcasting licence, where that licence area is the same as the licence area of a commercial radio broadcasting licence.

metropolitan licence area means a licence area in which is situated the General Post Office of the capital city of:

                     (a)  New South Wales; or

                     (b)  Victoria; or

                     (c)  Queensland; or

                     (d)  Western Australia; or

                     (e)  South Australia.

regional licence area means a licence area that is not a metropolitan licence area.

Note:          See also section 8AD, which deals with deemed radio broadcasting licence areas.

8AD  Deemed radio broadcasting licence areas

Western Suburbs Sydney RA1

             (1)  For the purposes of:

                     (a)  section 8AC of this Act; and

                     (b)  the definition of designated BSA radio area in section 5 of the Radiocommunications Act 1992; and

                     (c)  the application of:

                              (i)  any other provision of this Act; or

                             (ii)  any other provision of the Radiocommunications Act 1992; or

                            (iii)  any other law of the Commonwealth;

                            to digital commercial radio broadcasting services;

the licence area known as Western Suburbs Sydney RA1 is taken to be the same as the commercial radio broadcasting licence area in which is situated the General Post Office of Sydney.

Hobart RA2 and Hobart RA4

             (2)  For the purposes of:

                     (a)  sections 8AA and 8AC of this Act; and

                     (b)  the definition of designated BSA radio area in section 5 of the Radiocommunications Act 1992; and

                     (c)  paragraph 9C(1)(i) and subparagraph 9C(1)(j)(ii) of the Radiocommunications Act 1992; and

                     (d)  the application of:

                              (i)  any other provision of this Act; or

                             (ii)  any other provision of the Radiocommunications Act 1992; or

                            (iii)  any other law of the Commonwealth;

                            to digital community radio broadcasting services;

the licence areas known as Hobart RA2 and Hobart RA4 are taken to be the same as the commercial radio broadcasting licence area in which is situated the General Post Office of Hobart.

Other licence areas

             (3)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, determine that, for the purposes of:

                     (a)  sections 8AA and 8AC of this Act; and

                     (b)  the definition of designated BSA radio area in section 5 of the Radiocommunications Act 1992; and

                     (c)  paragraph 9C(1)(i) and subparagraph 9C(1)(j)(ii) of the Radiocommunications Act 1992; and

                     (d)  the application of:

                              (i)  any other provision of this Act; or

                             (ii)  any other provision of the Radiocommunications Act 1992; or

                            (iii)  any other law of the Commonwealth;

                            to digital community radio broadcasting services;

a specified licence area of a community radio broadcasting licence is taken to be the same as a specified licence area of a commercial radio broadcasting licence.

             (4)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, give the ACMA a direction about the exercise of the power conferred by subsection (3).

             (5)  The ACMA must comply with a direction under subsection (4).

8AE  Final digital television switch‑over day

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, the final digital television switch‑over day is the last switch‑over day.

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), the last day of a simulcast period is a switch‑over day.

             (3)  In this section:

simulcast period has the same meaning as in Schedule 4.

8AF  Regional racing service radio licence

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a regional racing service radio licence is a regional commercial radio broadcasting licence (within the meaning of Division 5C of Part 5), where the following conditions are satisfied in relation to a broadcasting service provided under the licence:

                     (a)  the broadcasting service is promoted, on the broadcasting service:

                              (i)  as a broadcasting service of interest mainly to persons involved in horse racing, harness racing or greyhound racing; or

                             (ii)  using the phrase “racing radio service”;

                     (b)  the racing content percentage, in relation to the broadcasting service, is 60% or more for each day, other than Christmas Day and Good Friday;

                     (c)  if, on a particular day, content other than racing content is broadcast on the broadcasting service—a significant proportion of that content is:

                              (i)  relevant to horse racing, harness racing or greyhound racing; or

                             (ii)  of interest mainly to persons involved in horse racing, harness racing or greyhound racing.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, racing content percentage means the percentage worked out using the following formula:

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, racing content means content that consists of:

                     (a)  coverage of a horse race, a harness race or a greyhound race; or

                     (b)  information directly related to horse racing, harness racing or greyhound racing, including:

                              (i)  selections; and

                             (ii)  scratchings; and

                            (iii)  betting information; and

                            (iv)  track conditions; or

                     (c)  other material that is broadcast during an hour, so long as that material:

                              (i)  is broadcast between 2 races of a kind referred to in paragraph (a); and

                             (ii)  is not broadcast for more than 15 minutes of the hour.

8B  Remote Indigenous community

             (1)  An Indigenous community is a remote Indigenous community for the purposes of this Act if the ACMA so determines in writing.

             (2)  A determination under subsection (1) is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

9  Act to bind the Crown

                   This Act binds the Crown in right of the Commonwealth, of each of the States, of the Australian Capital Territory and of the Northern Territory, but nothing in this Act renders the Crown liable to be prosecuted for an offence.

10  Extension of Act to the external Territories

                   This Act extends to all the external Territories.

10A  Application of the Criminal Code

             (1)  Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code applies to all offences against this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

             (2)  Despite subsection (1), Part 2.5 of the Criminal Code does not apply to an offence against Schedule 5 to this Act.


 

Part 2Categories of broadcasting services

  

11  Categories of broadcasting services

                   The following categories of broadcasting services are broadcasting services to which this Act relates:

                     (a)  national broadcasting services;

                     (b)  commercial broadcasting services;

                     (c)  community broadcasting services;

                     (d)  subscription broadcasting services;

                     (e)  subscription narrowcasting services;

                      (f)  open narrowcasting services;

                    (fa)  international broadcasting services.

11A  Dual categorisation of international broadcasting services

                   An international broadcasting service may also fall into another category of broadcasting services.

12  Method of regulating particular services

             (1)  Commercial broadcasting services, community broadcasting services, subscription television broadcasting services and international broadcasting services require individual licences.

             (2)  Other broadcasting services (other than national broadcasting services) are to be provided under the relevant class licence.

Dual categorisation of international broadcasting services

             (3)  An international broadcasting service that also falls into the category of commercial broadcasting services requires both:

                     (a)  an international broadcasting licence; and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  a commercial radio broadcasting licence; or

                             (ii)  a commercial television broadcasting licence.

             (4)  An international broadcasting service that also falls into the category of community broadcasting services requires both:

                     (a)  an international broadcasting licence; and

                     (b)  a community broadcasting licence.

             (5)  An international broadcasting service that also falls into the category of subscription television broadcasting services requires both:

                     (a)  an international broadcasting licence; and

                     (b)  a subscription television broadcasting licence.

             (6)  Both of the following rules apply to an international broadcasting service that also falls into a category of broadcasting services covered by subsection (2):

                     (a)  the service requires an international broadcasting licence;

                     (b)  the service is to be provided under the relevant class licence.

13  National broadcasting services

             (1)  National broadcasting services are:

                     (a)  broadcasting services provided by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation in accordance with section 6 of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation Act 1983; or

                     (b)  broadcasting services provided by the Special Broadcasting Service Corporation in accordance with section 6 of the Special Broadcasting Service Act 1991; or

                     (c)  broadcasting services provided under the Parliamentary Proceedings Broadcasting Act 1946.

             (2)  National broadcasting services do not include subscription broadcasting services or subscription or open narrowcasting services provided by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation or the Special Broadcasting Service Corporation.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not apply to services specified by the Minister by notice in the Gazette.

             (4)  A specification under subsection (3) is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (5)  Except as expressly provided by this Act, the regulatory regime established by this Act does not apply to national broadcasting services.

14  Commercial broadcasting services

             (1)  Commercial broadcasting services are broadcasting services:

                     (a)  that provide programs that, when considered in the context of the service being provided, appear to be intended to appeal to the general public; and

                     (b)  that provide programs that:

                              (i)  are able to be received by commonly available equipment; and

                             (ii)  are made available free to the general public; and

                     (c)  that are usually funded by advertising revenue; and

                     (d)  that are operated for profit or as part of a profit‑making enterprise; and

                     (e)  that comply with any determinations or clarifications under section 19 in relation to commercial broadcasting services.

             (2)  For the purposes of the application of subsection (1) to a broadcasting service provided under a licence allocated under section 38C, assume that there is no conditional access system that relates to the broadcasting service.

15  Community broadcasting services

                   Community broadcasting services are broadcasting services that:

                     (a)  are provided for community purposes; and

                     (b)  are not operated for profit or as part of a profit‑making enterprise; and

                     (c)  that provide programs that:

                              (i)  are able to be received by commonly available equipment; and

                             (ii)  are made available free to the general public; and

                     (d)  comply with any determinations or clarifications under section 19 in relation to community broadcasting services.

16  Subscription broadcasting services

                   Subscription broadcasting services are broadcasting services that:

                     (a)  provide programs that, when considered in the context of the service being provided, appear to be intended to appeal to the general public; and

                     (b)  are made available to the general public but only on payment of subscription fees (whether periodical or otherwise); and

                     (c)  comply with any determinations or clarifications under section 19 in relation to subscription broadcasting services.

17  Subscription narrowcasting services

                   Subscription narrowcasting services are broadcasting services:

                     (a)  whose reception is limited:

                              (i)  by being targeted to special interest groups; or

                             (ii)  by being intended only for limited locations, for example, arenas or business premises; or

                            (iii)  by being provided during a limited period or to cover a special event; or

                            (iv)  because they provide programs of limited appeal; or

                             (v)  for some other reason; and

                     (b)  that are made available only on payment of subscription fees (whether periodical or otherwise); and

                     (c)  that comply with any determinations or clarifications under section 19 in relation to subscription narrowcasting services.

18  Open narrowcasting services

             (1)  Open narrowcasting services are broadcasting services:

                     (a)  whose reception is limited:

                              (i)  by being targeted to special interest groups; or

                             (ii)  by being intended only for limited locations, for example, arenas or business premises; or

                            (iii)  by being provided during a limited period or to cover a special event; or

                            (iv)  because they provide programs of limited appeal; or

                             (v)  for some other reason; and

                     (b)  that comply with any determinations or clarifications under section 19 in relation to open narrowcasting services.

          (1A)  A HDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service (within the meaning of Schedule 4) is not an open narrowcasting service.

       (1AA)  A SDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service (within the meaning of Schedule 4) is not an open narrowcasting service.

          (1B)  A HDTV multi‑channelled national television broadcasting service (within the meaning of Schedule 4) is not an open narrowcasting service.

             (2)  A SDTV multi‑channelled national television broadcasting service (within the meaning of Schedule 4) is not an open narrowcasting service.

             (3)  A digital commercial radio broadcasting service is not an open narrowcasting service.

             (4)  A digital community radio broadcasting service is not an open narrowcasting service.

             (5)  A digital national radio broadcasting service is not an open narrowcasting service.

18A  International broadcasting services

             (1)  International broadcasting services are broadcasting services that are targeted, to a significant extent, to audiences outside Australia, where:

                     (a)  the means of delivering the services involves the use of a radiocommunications transmitter in Australia (whether alone or in combination with any other means); and

                     (b)  the services comply with any determinations or clarifications under section 19 in relation to international broadcasting services.

             (2)  A broadcasting service is not an international broadcasting service if the broadcasting service is:

                     (a)  provided by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation in accordance with section 6 of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation Act 1983; or

                     (b)  provided by the Special Broadcasting Service Corporation in accordance with section 6 of the Special Broadcasting Service Act 1991; or

                     (c)  an exempt broadcasting service (as defined by subsection (3)).

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, a broadcasting service is an exempt broadcasting service if:

                     (a)  the service delivers only programs packaged outside Australia (which may include programs produced in Australia); and

                     (b)  all relevant programming decisions are made outside Australia; and

                     (c)  the service is transmitted from a place outside Australia to an earth station in Australia for the sole purpose of being immediately re‑transmitted to a satellite; and

                     (d)  the satellite is a means of delivering the service (whether alone or in combination with any other means).

             (4)  The references in this section to localities do not, by implication, affect the application of paragraph 21(b) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 and section 10 of this Act to a provision of this Act that deals with a category of broadcasting services other than international broadcasting services.

             (5)  In this section:

Australia includes the external Territories.

radiocommunications transmitter has the same meaning as in the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

19  ACMA may determine additional criteria or clarify existing criteria

             (1)  The ACMA may, by notice in the Gazette:

                     (a)  determine additional criteria to those specified in sections 14 to 18A; or

                     (b)  clarify the criteria specified in sections 14 to 18A;

for the purpose of distinguishing between categories of broadcasting services.

             (2)  Different criteria or clarifications may be determined or made for radio services and television services.

             (3)  The Minister may give specific directions to the ACMA as to the making of determinations and clarifications, and the ACMA must observe those directions.

20  Determinations and clarifications to be disallowable by the Parliament

                   Determinations and clarifications under section 19 are disallowable instruments for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

21  Requests to ACMA to decide which category a broadcasting service falls into

             (1)  A person who is providing, or who proposes to provide, a broadcasting service may apply to the ACMA for an opinion as to which category, or categories, of broadcasting services the service falls into.

             (2)  An application must be in accordance with a form approved in writing by the ACMA, and must state the applicant’s opinion as to which category, or categories, of broadcasting services the service falls into.

             (3)  If the ACMA considers that additional information is required before an opinion can be given, the ACMA may, by notice in writing given to the applicant within 30 days after receiving the application, request the applicant to provide that information.

             (4)  The ACMA must, as soon as practicable after:

                     (a)  receiving the application; or

                     (b)  if the ACMA has requested further information—receiving that further information;

give the applicant, in writing, its opinion as to which category, or categories, of broadcasting services the service falls into.

             (5)  If the ACMA has given an opinion under this section to the provider of a broadcasting service, neither the ACMA nor any other Government agency may, while the circumstances relating to the broadcasting service remain substantially the same as those advised to the ACMA in relation to the application for the opinion:

                     (a)  take any action against the provider of the service during the period of 5 years commencing on the day on which the opinion is given on the basis that the service falls into a different category, or different categories, of broadcasting services than that advised in the opinion; or

                     (b)  unless the ACMA has made a determination or clarification under section 19 after that opinion was given that places the broadcasting service in a different category or different categories—take any action against the provider of the service after the end of that period on the basis that the service falls into a different category, or different categories, of broadcasting services.

             (6)  If the ACMA does not, within 45 days after:

                     (a)  receiving the application; or

                     (b)  if the ACMA has requested further information—receiving that further information;

give the applicant, in writing, its opinion as to which category, or categories, of broadcasting services the service falls into, the ACMA is taken to have given an opinion at the end of that period that accords with the applicant’s opinion.

             (7)  The ACMA may charge a fee for providing an opinion under this section.

             (8)  The ACMA must not give an opinion under this section that a particular broadcasting service falls into more than one category of broadcasting services unless one of the categories is international broadcasting services.

             (9)  A person must not, in an application under this section, state an opinion that a particular broadcasting service falls into more than one category of broadcasting services unless one of the categories is international broadcasting services.

22  Matters to be considered by ACMA

                   In making determinations or clarifications under section 19 in relation to broadcasting services, and in giving opinions under section 21 in relation to broadcasting services, the ACMA is to have regard to:

                     (a)  the geographic coverage of those services; and

                     (b)  the number of persons who receive or are able to receive those services; and

                     (c)  the accessibility of those services, including:

                              (i)  whether those services are encrypted; and

                             (ii)  whether their availability is otherwise restricted, whether because of the high cost of the equipment required to receive those services, the controlled supply of that equipment or otherwise; and

                            (iii)  whether their comprehensibility is otherwise restricted; and

                     (d)  the duration and frequency of the provision of those services, including whether those services are provided for a set period only; and

                     (e)  the nature of the audience to which those services are targeted; and

                      (f)  the nature of the programs being provided by those services, including:

                              (i)  the level of interest in the subject matter of those programs; and

                             (ii)  whether those programs are directed at a specialised audience; and

                            (iii)  the social and cultural impact of those programs; and

                     (g)  such other matters as the ACMA thinks fit.


 

Part 3Planning of the broadcasting services bands

  

23  Planning criteria

                   In performing functions under this Part, the ACMA is to promote the objects of this Act including the economic and efficient use of the radiofrequency spectrum, and is to have regard to:

                     (a)  demographics; and

                     (b)  social and economic characteristics within the licence area, within neighbouring licence areas and within Australia generally; and

                     (c)  the number of existing broadcasting services and the demand for new broadcasting services within the licence area, within neighbouring licence areas and within Australia generally; and

                     (d)  developments in technology; and

                     (e)  technical restraints relating to the delivery or reception of broadcasting services; and

                      (f)  the demand for radiofrequency spectrum for services other than broadcasting services; and

                     (g)  such other matters as the ACMA considers relevant.

24  ACMA to determine priorities

             (1)  Before preparing frequency allotment plans or licence area plans, the ACMA must, by notice in writing, determine priorities, as between particular areas of Australia and as between different parts of the broadcasting services bands, for the preparation of those plans.

             (2)  The ACMA may, by notice in writing, vary priorities.

25  Preparation of frequency allotment plans

             (1)  Where the Minister has, under subsection 31(1) of the Radiocommunications Act 1992, referred a part of the radiofrequency spectrum to the ACMA for planning, the ACMA must prepare in writing a frequency allotment plan that determines the number of channels that are to be available in particular areas of Australia to provide broadcasting services or restricted datacasting services, or both, using that part of the radiofrequency spectrum.

             (2)  The ACMA may, by notice in writing, vary a frequency allotment plan prepared under subsection (1).

          (2A)  If the Minister has, under subsection 31(1A) of the Radiocommunications Act 1992, referred a part of the radiofrequency spectrum to the ACMA for planning, the ACMA must, by legislative instrument, prepare a frequency allotment plan that determines the number of channels that are to be available in particular areas of Australia to provide the following services using that part of the radiofrequency spectrum:

                     (a)  digital commercial radio broadcasting services;

                     (b)  digital community radio broadcasting services;

                     (c)  digital national radio broadcasting services;

                     (d)  restricted datacasting services.

          (2B)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, vary a frequency allotment plan prepared under subsection (2A).

             (3)  In preparing or varying a frequency allotment plan, the ACMA must comply with any directions, whether of a general or specific nature, given to the ACMA in writing by the Minister.

             (4)  Sections 23, 24 and 27 do not apply in relation to the preparation or variation of a frequency allotment plan to the extent to which the frequency allotment plan or the variation, as the case may be, relates to any of the following services:

                     (a)  digital commercial radio broadcasting services;

                     (b)  digital community radio broadcasting services;

                     (c)  digital national radio broadcasting services;

                     (d)  restricted datacasting services.

26  Preparation of licence area plans

             (1)  The ACMA must, by legislative instrument, prepare licence area plans that determine the number and characteristics, including technical specifications, of broadcasting services that are to be available in particular areas of Australia with the use of the broadcasting services bands, and those plans must be consistent with the relevant frequency allotment plan.

          (1A)  To the extent to which a licence area plan prepared under subsection (1) deals with:

                     (a)  digital commercial radio broadcasting services; or

                     (b)  digital community radio broadcasting services; or

                     (c)  digital national radio broadcasting services;

the licence area plan is not required to determine the technical specifications of those services.

Television licence area plans

          (1B)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, prepare licence area plans that:

                     (a)  specify the channels that, under the relevant frequency allotment plan, are to be available in particular areas of Australia to provide the following services:

                              (i)  commercial television broadcasting services;

                             (ii)  national television broadcasting services;

                            (iii)  other television broadcasting services;

                            with the use of the broadcasting services bands; and

                     (b)  allot, or empower the ACMA to allot, those channels to:

                              (i)  particular commercial television broadcasting licensees; or

                             (ii)  particular national broadcasters; or

                            (iii)  particular providers of television broadcasting services (other than commercial television broadcasting licensees or national broadcasters);

                            as the case requires; and

                     (c)  determine the characteristics, including technical specifications, of the transmission of each of the following services:

                              (i)  commercial television broadcasting services;

                             (ii)  national television broadcasting services;

                            (iii)  other television broadcasting services;

                            using those channels; and

                     (d)  determine, or empower the ACMA to determine, any technical limitations on the use of a particular channel that the ACMA considers should be applicable; and

                     (e)  determine, or empower the ACMA to determine, whether the use of a particular channel depends on any event or circumstances that the ACMA considers should be applicable.

          (1C)  A licence area plan prepared under subsection (1B) is to be known as a television licence area plan.

          (1D)  A television licence area plan may allot, or empower the ACMA to allot, different channels to:

                     (a)  a particular commercial television broadcasting licensee; or

                     (b)  a particular national broadcaster; or

                     (c)  a particular provider of a television broadcasting service (other than a commercial television broadcasting licensee or a national broadcaster);

for different periods.

          (1E)  A television licence area plan may allot, or empower the ACMA to allot, 2 or more channels to:

                     (a)  a particular commercial television broadcasting licensee; or

                     (b)  a particular national broadcaster; or

                     (c)  a particular provider of a television broadcasting service (other than a commercial television broadcasting licensee or a national broadcaster).

           (1F)  A television licence area plan must be consistent with the relevant frequency allotment plan.

          (1G)  A television licence area plan does not need to identify a particular television broadcasting service by name.

          (1H)  When the television licence area plan for a particular area comes into force:

                     (a)  subsection (1) ceases to apply to:

                              (i)  commercial television broadcasting services; and

                             (ii)  national television broadcasting services; and

                            (iii)  other television broadcasting services;

                            provided in the area; and

                     (b)  if:

                              (i)  immediately before the television licence area plan came into force, a licence area plan (the existing licence area plan) prepared under subsection (1) was in force for the area; and

                             (ii)  the existing licence area plan relates wholly to television broadcasting services;

                            the existing licence area plan ceases to have effect; and

                     (c)  if:

                              (i)  immediately before the television licence area plan came into force, a licence area plan (the existing licence area plan) prepared under subsection (1) was in force for the area; and

                             (ii)  the existing licence area plan relates partly to television broadcasting services and partly to other broadcasting services;

                            the existing licence area plan ceases to have effect to the extent to which it relates to television broadcasting services.

           (1J)  The television licence area plan for an area that is the licence area of a commercial television broadcasting licence must:

                     (a)  not come into force before the end of the simulcast period, or the simulcast‑equivalent period, for the area; and

                     (b)  come into force before the designated re‑stack day for the area.

          (1K)  For the purposes of this Act, the designated re‑stack day for an area is:

                     (a)  31 December 2014; or

                     (b)  if the Minister, by writing, specifies a later day for the area—that later day.

          (1L)  The Minister must not specify a day under paragraph (1K)(b) unless the Minister is satisfied that a failure to specify the day would be likely to result in significant difficulties of a technical or engineering nature for:

                     (a)  a commercial television broadcasting licensee; or

                     (b)  a national broadcaster; or

                     (c)  a provider of a television broadcasting service (other than a commercial television broadcasting licensee or a national broadcaster).

         (1M)  Sections 23 and 27 have effect as if a function or power conferred on the ACMA by a television licence area plan were a function conferred on the ACMA by this section.

Variation

             (2)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, vary a licence area plan.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a review is conducted under section 35A; and

                     (b)  after the completion of the report of the review, the Minister is satisfied that a licence area plan should be varied in accordance with the recommendations in the report;

the Minister may give the ACMA a written direction requiring the ACMA to vary the licence area plan as specified in the direction.

             (4)  Subsection (3) does not limit subsection (2).

             (5)  The ACMA must comply with a direction under subsection (3).

             (6)  Sections 23 and 27 do not apply in relation to anything done by the ACMA in compliance with a direction under subsection (3).

Planning criteria—before designated re‑stack day

             (7)  Paragraphs 23(a) and (b) do not apply in relation to:

                     (a)  the preparation of a television licence area plan for a particular area; or

                     (b)  the variation of a television licence area plan for a particular area; or

                     (c)  the performance of a function, or the exercise of a power, by the ACMA under a television licence area plan for a particular area;

before the designated re‑stack day for the area.

Note:          For designated re‑stack day, see subsection 26(1K).

Ministerial direction

             (8)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, direct the ACMA about the exercise of its powers to make or vary a television licence area plan for a particular area.

             (9)  The ACMA must comply with a direction under subsection (8).

           (10)  Subsections (8) and (9) cease to have effect in relation to a particular area at the start of the designated re‑stack day for the area.

Legislative instruments

           (11)  If a determination made by the ACMA under a television licence area plan is in writing, the determination is not a legislative instrument.

           (12)  An instrument under paragraph (1K)(b) is not a legislative instrument.

Definitions

           (13)  In this section:

national television broadcasting service has the same meaning as in Schedule 4.

simulcast‑equivalent period has the same meaning as in Schedule 4.

simulcast period has the same meaning as in Schedule 4.

television broadcasting service means a broadcasting service that provides television programs.

Note:          For designation of licence areas, see section 29.

26A  Licence area plans—multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting services

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a commercial television broadcasting licence for a licence area was in force immediately before 1 January 2007; and

                     (b)  the licence authorises the licensee to provide a HDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service in the licence area;

the relevant licence area plan is not required to deal with the HDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service.

          (1A)  If:

                     (a)  a commercial television broadcasting licence for a licence area was in force immediately before 1 January 2007; and

                     (b)  the licence authorises the licensee to provide a SDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service in the licence area;

the relevant licence area plan is not required to deal with the SDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service.

             (3)  In this section:

HDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service has the same meaning as in Schedule 4.

relevant licence area plan means the relevant licence area plan prepared under subsection 26(1).

SDTV multi‑channelled commercial television broadcasting service has the same meaning as in Schedule 4.

simulcast‑equivalent period has the same meaning as in Schedule 4.

simulcast period has the same meaning as in Schedule 4.

26AA  Compliance with television licence area plan

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a television licence area plan is applicable to the transmission of one or more commercial television broadcasting services in a particular area; and

                     (b)  those services are provided under a particular commercial television broadcasting licence;

the licensee must not transmit any of those commercial television broadcasting services in that area otherwise than in accordance with the television licence area plan.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a television licence area plan is applicable to the transmission of one or more national television broadcasting services in a particular area; and

                     (b)  those services are provided by a particular national broadcaster;

the national broadcaster must not transmit any of those national television broadcasting services in that area otherwise than in accordance with the television licence area plan.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a television licence area plan is applicable to the transmission of one or more television broadcasting services in a particular area; and

                     (b)  those services are not provided:

                              (i)  under a commercial television broadcasting licence; or

                             (ii)  by a national broadcaster;

the provider of those television broadcasting services must not transmit any of those services in that area otherwise than in accordance with the television licence area plan.

             (4)  In this section:

national television broadcasting service has the same meaning as in Schedule 4.

television broadcasting service means a broadcasting service that provides television programs.

26B  Licence area plans—multi‑channelled national television broadcasting services

             (1)  Licence area plans are not required to deal with SDTV multi‑channelled national television broadcasting services.

          (1A)  Licence area plans are not required to deal with HDTV multi‑channelled national television broadcasting services.

             (3)  In this section:

HDTV multi‑channelled national television broadcasting service has the same meaning as in Schedule 4.

licence area plan means a licence area plan prepared under subsection 26(1).

SDTV multi‑channelled national television broadcasting service has the same meaning as in Schedule 4.

simulcast‑equivalent period has the same meaning as in Schedule 4.

simulcast period has the same meaning as in Schedule 4.

26C  Licence area plans not required to deal with certain digital radio broadcasting services

Commercial radio broadcasting services

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a commercial radio broadcasting licence was in force immediately before the digital radio start‑up day for the licence area; and

                     (b)  the licence authorises the licensee to provide digital commercial radio broadcasting services in the licence area;

the relevant licence area plan is not required to deal with those services.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the ACMA allocates a digital commercial radio broadcasting licence in accordance with subsection 35D(3); and

                     (b)  the licence authorises the licensee to provide digital commercial radio broadcasting services in the licence area;

the relevant licence area plan is not required to deal with those services.

Community radio broadcasting services

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a designated community radio broadcasting licence was in force immediately before the digital radio start‑up day for the licence; and

                     (b)  the licence authorises the licensee to provide digital community radio broadcasting services in the licence area;

the relevant licence area plan is not required to deal with those services.

26D  Licence area plans—how digital radio broadcasting services may be dealt with

             (1)  This section applies if a licence area plan deals with:

                     (a)  digital commercial radio broadcasting services; or

                     (b)  digital community radio broadcasting services; or

                     (c)  digital national radio broadcasting services.

             (2)  The licence area plan is not required to identify:

                     (a)  individual digital commercial radio broadcasting services; or

                     (b)  individual digital community radio broadcasting services; or

                     (c)  individual digital national radio broadcasting services.

             (3)  It is sufficient if the licence area plan deals collectively with:

                     (a)  the digital commercial radio broadcasting services; and

                     (b)  the digital community radio broadcasting services; and

                     (c)  the digital national radio broadcasting services;

that, from time to time, are, or are to be, transmitted under the digital radio multiplex transmitter licence or licences issued, or to be issued, in relation to the area concerned.

27  Processes to be public

             (1)  In performing its functions under sections 24, 25 and 26, the ACMA must make provision for wide public consultation.

Consultation—decisions relating to television licence area plans

          (1A)  Subsection (1) does not apply to:

                     (a)  the preparation of a television licence area plan for a particular area; or

                     (b)  the variation of a television licence area plan for a particular area; or

                     (c)  the performance of a function, or the exercise of a power, by the ACMA under a television licence area plan for a particular area; or

                     (d)  the variation of a frequency allotment plan, to the extent that the variation:

                              (i)  relates to the determination of the number of channels that are to be available in a particular area to provide television broadcasting services; and

                             (ii)  was made in connection with the preparation or variation of a television licence area plan for the area;

before the designated re‑stack day for the area.

Note:          For designated re‑stack day, see subsection 26(1K).

          (1B)  If, before the designated re‑stack day for a particular area, the ACMA takes any of the following actions:

                     (a)  the ACMA prepares a television licence area plan for the area;

                     (b)  the ACMA varies a television licence area plan for the area;

                     (c)  the ACMA performs a function, or exercises a power, under a television licence area plan for the area;

                     (d)  the ACMA varies a frequency allotment plan, to the extent that the variation:

                              (i)  relates to the determination of the number of channels that are to be available in the area to provide television broadcasting services; and

                             (ii)  was made in connection with the preparation or variation of a television licence area plan for the area;

the ACMA must, in taking the relevant action, make provision for consultation with:

                     (e)  commercial television broadcasting licensees who are likely to be affected by the preparation or variation of the plan; and

                      (f)  national broadcasters; and

                     (g)  community television broadcasting licensees who are likely to be affected by the preparation or variation of the plan; and

                     (h)  such other persons (if any) as the ACMA considers appropriate.

Note:          For designated re‑stack day, see subsection 26(1K).

Record‑keeping requirements

             (2)  The ACMA is to keep a record of, and make available for public inspection, all advice received by the ACMA, and all assumptions made by the ACMA, in performing its functions under sections 24, 25 and 26.

29  Designation of licence areas

             (1)  Before allocating a new commercial television broadcasting licence, commercial radio broadcasting licence or community broadcasting licence (other than a temporary community broadcasting licence) that is a broadcasting services bands licence, the ACMA is to designate one of the areas referred to in whichever of subsection 26(1) or (1B) is applicable as the licence area of the licence.

             (2)  If the ACMA varies a licence area plan, the ACMA may vary the designation of the relevant licence areas.

             (3)  This section does not apply to a licence allocated under section 38C.

30  ACMA may determine population figures

             (1)  The ACMA may, by notice in writing, determine the licence area population of a licence area.

             (2)  The ACMA may, by notice in writing, determine a number that is to be the population of Australia for the purposes of this Act.

             (3)  In making a determination, the ACMA is to have regard to the most recently published census count prepared by the Australian Statistician.

             (4)  The ACMA is to make a new determination of the licence area population of a licence area if the licence area is changed.

             (5)  The ACMA is to specify, in a determination of the licence area population of a licence area:

                     (a)  the percentage of the population of Australia constituted by that licence area population; and

                     (b)  the percentage of that licence area population that is attributable to an overlap area.

31  Minister may reserve capacity for national broadcasters or community broadcasters

             (1)  The Minister may notify the ACMA in writing that capacity in the broadcasting services bands is to be reserved for a specified number of:

                     (a)  national broadcasting services; or

                     (b)  community broadcasting services (other than services provided by temporary community broadcasting licensees);

but such a notice must not affect the provision of services in accordance with a licence already allocated by the ACMA under this Act or in accordance with a class licence.

             (2)  The ACMA must not, except in accordance with section 34, allocate a licence or determine a class licence that would allow the provision of broadcasting services (other than services provided by national broadcasters or community broadcasting licensees) which would make use of reserved capacity in the broadcasting services bands.

32  Reservations to be disallowable by the Parliament

                   A notice under section 31 is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

33  Development of technical planning guidelines

                   The ACMA is to develop in writing guidelines for the technical planning of individual services that use the broadcasting services bands as a means of delivery.

34  Alternative uses of broadcasting services bands

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the ACMA has advertised under section 38 for applications for the allocation of one or more commercial television broadcasting licences or commercial radio broadcasting licences that are broadcasting services bands licences and that licence is not allocated or not all of those licences are allocated; or

                     (b)  broadcasting services bands spectrum is available in a licence area but has not been made available for commercial television broadcasting licences or commercial radio broadcasting licences; or

                     (c)  broadcasting services bands spectrum has been reserved under section 31 but has not been made available for the purpose for which it was reserved; or

                     (d)  broadcasting services bands spectrum is available but the ACMA has not commenced or completed planning and allocation processes in relation to that spectrum;

the ACMA may, by written instrument, determine that the part or parts of the radiofrequency spectrum concerned is or are available for allocation, for a period specified by the ACMA:

                     (e)  for the temporary transmission or the re‑transmission of programs; or

                    (ea)  to temporary community broadcasting licensees; or

                      (f)  to providers of subscription broadcasting services, subscription narrowcasting services or open narrowcasting services; or

                    (fa)  for the transmission of datacasting services on a temporary basis; or

                     (g)  for other purposes.

             (2)  In making a determination under subsection (1), the ACMA is to have regard to:

                     (a)  the possible future demand for the use of that part of the radiofrequency spectrum; and

                     (b)  such other matters as the ACMA considers relevant.

             (3)  The ACMA may, by written instrument, determine that a part or parts of the broadcasting services bands spectrum is or are available for allocation for the purposes of the transmission of datacasting services.

             (4)  In making a determination under subsection (3), the ACMA is to have regard to:

                     (a)  the possible future demand for the use of that part of the radiofrequency spectrum for the provision of commercial television broadcasting services; and

                     (b)  such other matters as the ACMA considers relevant.

          (4A)  Each part determined under subsection (3) must be 7 MHz. However, this rule does not prevent a particular part from being determined even if it adjoins:

                     (a)  another part that is also specified in the determination; or

                     (b)  2 other parts that are also specified in the determination.

             (5)  For the purposes of the application of this section to the availability of the spectrum before 1 January 2007, a datacasting service is a datacasting service provided under, and in accordance with the conditions of, a datacasting licence.

             (6)  For the purposes of the application of this section to the availability of the spectrum on or after 1 January 2007, a datacasting service is:

                     (a)  a datacasting service provided under, and in accordance with the conditions of, a datacasting licence; or

                     (b)  a datacasting service provided under any other licence allocated by the ACMA under this Act; or

                     (c)  a datacasting service provided in accordance with a class licence.

35  Notification of decisions under this Part

                   If the ACMA makes an instrument under this Part, the ACMA must publish in the Gazette a notice stating:

                     (a)  that the instrument has been made; and

                     (b)  the places where copies of the instrument can be purchased.

35A  Reviews relating to the uses of broadcasting services bands spectrum

Initial review

             (1)  Before 1 January 2013, the Minister must cause to be conducted a review of:

                     (a)  whether broadcasting services bands spectrum that is, or may become, available for allocation should be used for a particular area or areas of Australia to provide television broadcasting services; and

                     (b)  if so, what variations (if any) should be made to any licence area plans in force under section 26; and

                     (c)  whether broadcasting services bands spectrum that is, or may become, available for allocation should be used for a particular area or areas of Australia to provide services other than television broadcasting services; and

                     (d)  if so, what licensing requirements (if any) should apply in relation to those services.

Note:          For available for allocation, see subsection (9).

Subsequent reviews

             (2)  The Minister may cause to be conducted a review of:

                     (a)  whether broadcasting services bands spectrum that is, or may become, available for allocation should be used for a particular area or areas of Australia to provide television broadcasting services; and

                     (b)  if so, what variations (if any) should be made to any licence area plans in force under section 26; and

                     (c)  whether broadcasting services bands spectrum that is, or may become, available for allocation should be used for a particular area or areas of Australia to provide services other than television broadcasting services; and

                     (d)  if so, what licensing requirements (if any) should apply in relation to those services.

Note:          For available for allocation, see subsection (9).

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not authorise the conduct of a review before the completion of the report of a review conducted under subsection (1).

Conduct of a review

             (4)  The following matters must be taken into account in conducting a review under subsection (1) or (2):

                     (a)  the objects of this Act;

                     (b)  the matters referred to in paragraphs 23(a) to (f) in so far as they are relevant;

                     (c)  the availability of broadcasting services bands spectrum;

                     (d)  the impact (if any) that introducing new services may have on:

                              (i)  existing uses of the broadcasting services bands spectrum; or

                             (ii)  consumers;

                     (e)  in the case of a review under subsection (2)—the impact (if any) that introducing new services has had on:

                              (i)  existing uses of the broadcasting services bands spectrum; or

                             (ii)  consumers;

                      (f)  any other relevant matters.

             (5)  A review under subsection (1) or (2) must be conducted in a manner that provides for wide public consultation.

             (6)  The ACMA must make available such information as is reasonably necessary for the conduct of a review under subsection (1) or (2).

Report of a review

             (7)  The Minister must cause to be prepared a report of a review under subsection (1) or (2).

             (8)  The Minister must cause copies of a report to be laid before each House of the Parliament within 15 sitting days of that House after the completion of the report.

Meaning of available for allocation

             (9)  For the purposes of subsections (1) and (2), broadcasting services bands spectrum is, or may become, available for allocation if the ACMA has made, or may make, a determination under section 34 in relation to the spectrum.


 

Part 4Commercial television broadcasting licences and commercial radio broadcasting licences

Division 1Allocation of licences

35B  Allocation of new commercial television broadcasting licences

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a review is conducted under section 35A; and

                     (b)  after the completion of the report of the review, the Minister is satisfied that a commercial television broadcasting licence should be allocated under section 36 for a particular area of Australia;

the Minister may, within 3 years after the completion of the report of the review, give the ACMA a written direction requiring the ACMA to allocate the licence under section 36 within a specified period.

             (2)  The ACMA must comply with a direction under subsection (1).

             (3)  The ACMA must not allocate a licence under section 36 unless the ACMA is directed to do so under subsection (1) of this section.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a direction is given under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  as a result, the ACMA allocates a commercial television broadcasting licence under section 36;

the licence is subject to the condition that the licensee may only provide commercial television broadcasting services in digital mode (within the meaning of Schedule 4).

35C  Digital radio moratorium

             (1)  During the digital radio moratorium period for a licence area, the ACMA must not allocate, under subsection 36(1), a commercial radio broadcasting licence to provide digital commercial radio broadcasting services in the licence area.

             (2)  Subsection (1) has effect subject to section 35D.

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, the digital radio moratorium period for a licence area is the 6‑year period beginning at the start of the digital radio start‑up day for the licence area.

35D  Exception to the digital radio moratorium—failure to provide a digital commercial radio broadcasting service

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a commercial radio broadcasting licence if:

                     (a)  the licence was in force immediately before the digital radio start‑up day for the licence area; and

                     (b)  the licence authorises the licensee to provide any digital commercial radio broadcasting services in the licence area; and

                     (c)  at a particular time (the relevant time) during the digital radio moratorium period for the licence area, the ACMA is satisfied that the licensee is not providing at least one digital commercial radio broadcasting service under the licence in the licence area.

Licence ceases to authorise the provision of digital commercial radio broadcasting services etc.

             (2)  As soon as practicable after the relevant time, the ACMA must, by written notice given to the licensee, determine that:

                     (a)  the licence ceases to authorise the licensee to provide one or more digital commercial radio broadcasting services in the licence area; and

                     (b)  the licence is taken, for the purposes of this Act, to have been allocated as a licence to provide an analog commercial radio broadcasting service; and

                     (c)  despite subsection 36A(5), the licence is subject to the condition that the licensee may only provide an analog commercial radio broadcasting service under the licence.

ACMA must allocate a new commercial radio broadcasting licence for the licence area

             (3)  As soon as practicable after a notice under subsection (2) is given to a licensee of a commercial radio broadcasting licence (the first licence), the ACMA must:

                     (a)  allocate, under subsection 36(1), a single commercial radio broadcasting licence for the licence area of the first licence; and

                     (b)  allocate the licence as a licence to provide digital commercial radio broadcasting services in that licence area.

ACMA may specify circumstances in which a licensee is taken to be providing a digital commercial radio broadcasting service

             (4)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, specify circumstances in which a commercial radio broadcasting licensee is taken, for the purposes of paragraph (1)(c), to be providing a digital commercial radio broadcasting service under the licence in the licence area.

             (5)  A copy of an instrument under subsection (4) must be made available on the ACMA’s website.

36  ACMA to determine system for allocating licences

             (1)  The ACMA is to determine in writing a price‑based system for allocating:

                     (a)  commercial television broadcasting licences that are broadcasting services bands licences; and

                     (b)  commercial radio broadcasting licences that are broadcasting services bands licences.

             (2)  The Minister may give specific directions to the ACMA for the purpose of a determination.

             (3)  Directions may be to include in a determination specified reserve prices for licences, and those reserve prices may be different for licences in different licence areas.

             (4)  If a commercial television broadcasting licence or a commercial radio broadcasting licence referred to in subsection (1) is allocated, the ACMA must, unless the allocation system adopted was public, publish in the Gazette the name of the successful applicant and the amount that the applicant agreed to pay to the Commonwealth for the allocation of the licence.

36A  Commercial radio broadcasting licences to provide analog or digital commercial radio broadcasting services

Licences in force immediately before the commencement of this section

             (1)  If a commercial radio broadcasting licence was in force immediately before the commencement of this section, the licence is taken, for the purposes of this Act, to have been allocated as a licence to provide an analog commercial radio broadcasting service.

Licences allocated before the digital radio start‑up day for the licence area

             (2)  If the ACMA allocates a commercial radio broadcasting licence after the commencement of this section but before the digital radio start‑up day for the licence area, the licence must be allocated as a licence to provide an analog commercial radio broadcasting service.

Licences allocated on or after digital radio start‑up day for the licence area

             (3)  If the ACMA allocates a commercial radio broadcasting licence on or after the digital radio start‑up day for the licence area, the licence must be allocated as:

                     (a)  a licence to provide an analog commercial radio broadcasting service; or

                     (b)  a licence to provide digital commercial radio broadcasting services.

Licence conditions

             (4)  Subject to subsection (5), if a commercial radio broadcasting licence is or was allocated as a licence to provide an analog commercial radio broadcasting service, the licence is subject to the condition that the licensee may only provide an analog commercial radio broadcasting service under the licence.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  a commercial radio broadcasting licence was in force immediately before the digital radio start‑up day for the licence area; and

                     (b)  the licence authorised the licensee to provide an analog commercial radio broadcasting service in the licence area;

subsection (4) ceases to apply in relation to the licence at the start of the digital radio start‑up day for the licence area.

             (6)  If a commercial radio broadcasting licence is allocated as a licence to provide digital commercial radio broadcasting services, the licence is subject to the condition that the licensee may only provide digital commercial radio broadcasting services under the licence.

Section 35D

             (7)  This section has effect subject to section 35D.

Subsection 40(1) licences

             (8)  This section does not apply to a commercial radio broadcasting licence that is or was allocated under subsection 40(1).

37  When licences must not be allocated

             (1)  A licence is not to be allocated to an applicant if:

                     (a)  the applicant is not a company that is registered as a company under Part 2A.2 of the Corporations Act 2001 and has a share capital; or

                     (b)  the ACMA decides that subsection 41(2) applies to the applicant.

             (2)  Paragraph (1)(b) does not require the ACMA to consider the application of section 41 in relation to an applicant before allocating a licence to the applicant.

38  ACMA to advertise for applications for certain licences

             (1)  Where the ACMA is going to allocate one or more commercial television broadcasting licences or commercial radio broadcasting licences referred to in subsection 36(1), the ACMA is to advertise, in a manner determined by the ACMA, for applications for licences of that kind, and is to include in the advertisements:

                     (a)  the date before which applications must be received by the ACMA; and

                     (b)  a statement specifying how details of:

                              (i)  the system determined under section 36; and

                             (ii)  the conditions that are to apply to the licence; and

                            (iii)  the licence area of the licence, the licence area population of the licence and any areas of overlap with other licence areas;

                            can be obtained.

             (2)  Applications must:

                     (a)  be in accordance with a form approved in writing by the ACMA; and

                     (b)  be accompanied by the application fee determined in writing by the ACMA.

38A  Additional commercial television licences in single markets

Circumstances in which existing licensee may apply for additional licence

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a particular licence area is the licence area of only one commercial television broadcasting licence (the parent licence) that is in force; and

                    (aa)  the parent licence is not a licence allocated under section 38C; and

                     (b)  additional commercial television broadcasting licences can be allocated for the licence area;

the existing licensee may apply in writing to the ACMA for an additional commercial television broadcasting licence for the licence area.

ACMA must grant additional licence

             (2)  As soon as practicable, the ACMA must allocate an additional commercial television broadcasting licence to the existing licensee for the licence area, so long as:

                     (a)  all of the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  no licence for the licence area previously allocated under this section to the existing licensee has been cancelled because of a breach of the condition set out in paragraph 7(1)(i) of Schedule 2;

                             (ii)  no licence for the licence area previously held by the existing licensee has been cancelled because of a breach of the condition set out in subsection (9);

                            (iii)  no licence for the licence area previously held by the existing licensee has been surrendered; or

                     (b)  both:

                              (i)  paragraph (a) does not apply; and

                             (ii)  the ACMA is satisfied that there are exceptional circumstances.

Amalgamation of licence areas in some cases

             (7)  If:

                     (a)  more than 30% of the licence area population of a licence area is attributable to an overlap area; or

                     (b)  a licence area is entirely within another licence area;

this section applies as if the 2 licence areas were one.

Fee for additional licence

             (8)  On allocation of the additional licence, the applicant must pay to the ACMA a fee determined by the ACMA. The fee must not be more than the amount that, in the opinion of the ACMA, represents the costs (including planning costs) incurred by the ACMA in allocating the additional licence.

Licence conditions

             (9)  On the allocation of the additional licence, it becomes a condition of both the parent licence and the additional licence that the licensee will continue to provide at least one service under each of those licences for at least 2 years after the date of allocation of the additional licence.

Restrictions on transfer of licences

           (10)  During the period of 2 years after the date of allocation of the additional licence, any attempt by any person to transfer either the parent licence or the additional licence is of no effect unless both of those licences are transferred at the same time by the same person to the same transferee.

Section 37 restrictions apply

           (11)  This section has effect subject to section 37.

38B  Additional commercial television licences in 2‑station markets

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a particular licence area is the licence area of only 2 commercial television broadcasting licences (the parent licences) that are in force; and

                     (c)  an additional commercial television broadcasting licence can be allocated for the licence area; and

                    (ca)  the ACMA, by notice published in the Gazette, invites:

                              (i)  the existing licensees to give the ACMA a joint written notice under paragraph (d); and

                             (ii)  each existing licensee to give the ACMA a written notice under paragraph (e);

                            during the period specified in the notice;

then, within the period specified in the paragraph (ca) notice:

                     (d)  the existing licensees may give the ACMA a joint written notice stating that:

                              (i)  a company specified in the notice (the joint‑venture company) will apply for an additional commercial television broadcasting licence for the licence area; and

                             (ii)  the joint‑venture company is jointly owned by the existing licensees; and

                            (iii)  the joint‑venture company is registered as a company under Part 2A.2 of the Corporations Act 2001 and has a share capital; or

                     (e)  each existing licensee may give the ACMA a written notice stating that the licensee will apply separately for an additional commercial television broadcasting licence for the licence area.

          (1A)  A notice under paragraph (1)(ca) is not a legislative instrument.

Application by joint‑venture company

             (2)  If a notice is given under paragraph (1)(d), the joint‑venture company may, within 12 months after the notice is given, apply in writing to the ACMA for an additional commercial television broadcasting licence for the licence area.

Separate applications by existing licensees

             (3)  If an existing licensee gives a notice under paragraph (1)(e), the licensee may, within 12 months after the notice is given, apply in writing to the ACMA for an additional commercial television broadcasting licence for the licence area.

Allocation of additional licence to joint‑venture company

             (5)  As soon as practicable after receiving an application under subsection (2), the ACMA must allocate an additional commercial television broadca