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A Bill for an Act to provide for the better use of, and fairer access to, copyrighted information, and for related purposes
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Registered 02 Jul 2013
Introduced Senate 27 Jun 2013
Table of contents.

2010‑2011‑2012‑2013

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

THE SENATE

 

 

 

 

Presented and read a first time

 

 

 

 

 

 

Copyright Legislation Amendment (Fair Go for Fair Use) Bill 2013

 

No.      , 2013

 

(Senator Ludlam)

 

 

 

A Bill for an Act to provide for the better use of, and fairer access to, copyrighted information, and for related purposes

  

  


Contents

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 1

3............ Schedule(s)......................................................................................... 2

Schedule 1—Amendments                                                                                                3

Copyright Act 1968                                                                                                     3

 


A Bill for an Act to provide for the better use of, and fairer access to, copyrighted information, and for related purposes

The Parliament of Australia enacts:

1  Short title

                   This Act may be cited as the Copyright Legislation Amendment (Fair Go for Fair Use) Act 2013.

2  Commencement

                   This Act commences on the day after this Act receives the Royal Assent.

3  Schedule(s)

                   Each Act that is specified in a Schedule to this Act is amended or repealed as set out in the applicable items in the Schedule concerned, and any other item in a Schedule to this Act has effect according to its terms.


 

Schedule 1Amendments

 

Copyright Act 1968

1  Subsection 10(1) (the definition of access control technological protection measures)

Omit “to the extent that it—”.

2  Subsection 10(1) (paragraph (c) of the definition of access control technological protection measures)

Omit the paragraph, substitute:

                     (c)  if it controls geographic market segmentation by preventing the purchase or playback (including viewing through streaming) in Australia of the work or other content made available by, with the permission of, or on behalf of, the owner or the exclusive licensee of the copyright; or

3  Subsection 10(1) (at the end of the definition of access control technological protection measures)

Add:

Note:          Paragraphs (c) and (d) of the definition apply in circumstances where geographic market segmentation acts in a manner that enforces differences in the price of content for people located in different geographical areas.

4  Subsection 10(1) (definition of carriage service provider)

Repeal the definition.

5  Subsection 10(1)

Insert:

service provider means an entity or person who provides services relating to, or provides connections for, the transmission or routing of data, or provides or operates facilities for online services or network access.

6  Subsection 10(1) (the definition of technological protection measures)

Omit “to the extent that it—”.

7  Subsection 10(1) (paragraph (b)(iii) of the definition of technological protection measures)

Omit the subparagraph, substitute:

                    (iii)  if it controls geographic market segmentation by preventing the purchase or playback (including viewing through streaming) in Australia of a non‑infringing copy of the work or other content made available by, with the permission of, or on behalf of, the owner or the exclusive licensee of the copyright; or

8  Section 39B

Omit “carriage service provider”, substitute “service provider”.

9  Section 112E

Omit “carriage service provider”, substitute “service provider”.

10  Division 2AA of Part V (heading)

Omit the heading, substitute:

Division 2AALimitation on remedies available against service providers

11  Subsection 116AA(1)

Omit “carriage service provider” (wherever occurring), substitute “service provider”.

12  Subsection 116AA(1) (Note 3)

Omit “carriage service provider” (wherever occurring), substitute “service provider”.

13  Section 116AB (definition of caching)

Omit “carriage service provider”, substitute “service provider”.

14  Section 116AC

Omit “carriage service provider”, substitute “service provider”.

15  Section 116AD

Omit “carriage service provider” (wherever occurring), substitute “service provider”.

16  Section 116AE

Omit “carriage service provider” (wherever occurring), substitute “service provider”.

17  Section 116AF

Omit “carriage service provider”, substitute “service provider”.

18  Section 116AG

Omit “carriage service provider” (wherever occurring), substitute “service provider”.

19  After subsection 116AG(2)

Insert:

Public or other non‑profit institution

          (2A)  When a public or other non‑profit institution of higher education is a service provider, and when a faculty member or graduate student who is an employee of such institution is performing a teaching or research function, for the purposes of subsections (a) and (b) such faculty member or graduate student shall be considered to be a person other than the institution, and for the purposes of subsections (c) and (d) such faculty member’s or graduate student’s knowledge or awareness of his or her infringing activities shall not be attributed to the institution, if:

                     (a)  such faculty member’s or graduate student’s infringing activities do not involve the provision of online access to instructional materials that are or were required or recommended, within the preceding 3 year period, for a course taught at the institution by such faculty member or graduate student; and

                     (b)  the institution provides to all users of its system or network informational materials that accurately describe, and promote compliance with, the laws of Australia relating to copyright.

20  Subsection 116AH(1) (table)

Omit “carriage service provider” (wherever occurring), substitute “service provider”.

21  Subsections 116AH(3) and (4)

Omit “carriage service provider” (wherever occurring), substitute “service provider”.

22  Section 116AI

Omit “carriage service provider” (wherever occurring), substitute “service provider”.

23  Section 116AJ

Omit “carriage service provider”, substitute “service provider”.

24  After subsection 116AN(8)

Insert:

Exception—access for visually impaired people

          (8A)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the person if:

                     (a)  the person circumvents the access control technological protection measure to enable the person to do an act; and

                     (b)  the person is:

                              (i)  a library (other than a library that is conducted for the profit, direct or indirect, of an individual or individuals); or

                             (ii)  an institution assisting the visually impaired; or

                            (iii)  an educational institution; or

                            (iv)  a person who is visually impaired or print disabled, or a person acting on behalf of someone who is visually impaired or print disabled; and

                     (c)  the act will be done for the sole purpose of providing the work or other subject matter in an accessible format for someone who is visually impaired, in circumstances permitted by other exceptions in this Act, were an access technological protection measure not attached; or

                     (d)  where the work or other subject matter has been purchased lawfully, by or on behalf of someone who is visually impaired, for the sole purpose of accessing the work in an accessible format for private and domestic use.

25  Section 195AVB

Omit “carriage service provider”, substitute “service provider”.

26  Section 195AXI

Omit “carriage service provider”, substitute “service provider”.

27  Section 200AB

Repeal the section.

28  At the end of the Act

251  Fair use

             (1)  Notwithstanding the provisions of any other section of this Act, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include:

                     (a)  the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for non-profit educational purposes;

                     (b)  the nature of the copyrighted work;

                      (c)  the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and

                     (d)  the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.

             (2)  For the avoidance of doubt, the fact that a work is unpublished shall not itself bar a finding of fair use if such finding is made upon consideration of all the above factors.