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Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Act 1994

Authoritative Version
  • - C2012C00087
  • In force - Superseded Version
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Act No. 36 of 1994 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Acts Interpretation Amendment Act 2011
An Act to make a law for the government of certain Territories in relation to the evaluation, registration and control of agricultural and veterinary chemical products, and for related purposes
Administered by: Agriculture
Registered 12 Jan 2012
Start Date 27 Dec 2011
End Date 30 Jun 2014

Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Act 1994

Act No. 36 of 1994 as amended

This compilation was prepared on 27 December 2011
taking into account amendments up to Act No. 46 of 2011

The text of any of those amendments not in force
on that date is appended in the Notes section

The operation of amendments that have been incorporated may be
affected by application provisions that are set out in the Notes section

Prepared by the Office of Legislative Drafting and Publishing,
Attorney‑General’s Department, Canberra

  

  

  


Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                             2

1............ Short title [see Note 1]........................................................................ 2

2............ Commencement [see Note 1].............................................................. 2

3............ Object.................................................................................................. 2

4............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 2

5............ Jervis Bay Territory............................................................................ 5

6............ Extension to external Territories.......................................................... 5

Part 2—The Agvet Code, and the Agvet Regulations, of the participating Territories  6

7............ Application of Agvet Code in the participating Territories.................. 6

8............ Application of Agvet Regulations in the participating Territories........ 6

9............ Agvet Code of the participating Territories taken to be an Act............ 7

10.......... Relationship between the Agvet Code and Agvet Regulations of the participating Territories and the laws of a participating Territory.......................................................................... 7

Part 3—Citing the Agvet Code and the Agvet Regulations                         8

11.......... References to Agvet Code and Agvet Regulations of other jurisdictions 8

12.......... References to Agvet Codes and Agvet Regulations............................ 8

Part 4—Application of Agvet Codes to the Crown                                         10

13.......... Agvet Code of the participating Territories....................................... 10

14.......... Agvet Code of other jurisdictions..................................................... 10

15.......... Crown not liable to prosecution........................................................ 10

16.......... This Part overrides the prerogative.................................................... 10

Part 5—Performance of functions that corresponding laws of States confer on Commonwealth authorities and officers                                                                                  11

17.......... Ministers........................................................................................... 11

18.......... Commonwealth authorities and officers............................................ 11

18A....... Conferral of duties, functions and powers........................................ 11

19.......... Gazette notices under corresponding laws........................................ 12

Part 6—Jurisdiction of courts                                                                                      13

20.......... Jurisdiction of Federal Court and courts of Territories...................... 13

21.......... Exercise of jurisdiction under cross‑vesting provisions.................... 13

Part 7—Miscellaneous                                                                                                       14

22.......... Orders............................................................................................... 14

23.......... Manufacturing principles.................................................................. 14

24.......... Repeal and transitional provisions..................................................... 14

25.......... Regulations....................................................................................... 15

Part 8—Imposition of fees and taxes                                                                        16

26.......... Fees (including taxes)....................................................................... 16

Notes                                                                                                                                             17


An Act to make a law for the government of certain Territories in relation to the evaluation, registration and control of agricultural and veterinary chemical products, and for related purposes

Recognising:

             (a)  that the protection of the health and safety of human beings, animals and the environment is essential to the well‑being of society and can be enhanced by putting in place a system to regulate agricultural chemical products and veterinary chemical products; and

             (b)  that the principle of ecologically sustainable development requires a regulatory system that is designed to ensure that the use of such products today will not impair the prospects of future generations; and

             (c)  that the furthering of trade and commerce between Australia and places outside Australia, and the present and future economic viability and competitiveness of primary industry and of a domestic industry for manufacturing and formulating such products, are essential for the well‑being of the economy and require a system for regulating such products that is cost‑effective, efficient, predictable, adaptive and responsive; and

             (d)  that it is desirable to establish a regulatory system that is open and accountable and gives opportunity for public input with respect to the regulation of such products; and

             (e)  that the system should, so far as practicable, be uniform throughout Australia; and

             (f)  that uniformity could best be achieved by the enactment of legislation by the Parliament of the Commonwealth as a law for the government of the Australian Capital Territory and the adoption of that legislation by the Parliaments and legislatures of the States and the Northern Territory:

                   The Parliament of Australia enacts:

Part 1Preliminary

  

1  Short title [see Note 1]

                   This Act may be cited as the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Act 1994.

2  Commencement [see Note 1]

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), this Act commences on a day to be fixed by Proclamation.

             (2)  If this Act does not commence under subsection (1) within the period of 12 months beginning on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent, it commences on the first day after the end of that period.

3  Object

             (1)  The object of this Act is to make a law for the government of certain Territories in relation to the evaluation, registration and control of agricultural chemical products and veterinary chemical products, and for related purposes.

             (2)  This Act has effect, and is to be interpreted, accordingly.

             (3)  Despite subsection (1) and section 9, this Act, the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code Act 1994 and the Agvet Code of the participating Territories are not, for the purposes of section 2H of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901, Acts providing for the administration or government of a Territory.

4  Definitions

                   In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:

Agvet Code of the participating Territories has the meaning given by subsection 5(1) of the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code Act 1994.

Agvet Codes has the meaning given by section 12.

Agvet Regulations has the meaning given by section 12.

Agvet Regulations of the participating Territories has the meaning given by subsection 5(2) of the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code Act 1994.

applicable provision, in relation to a jurisdiction, means a provision of:

                     (a)  the Agvet Code of that jurisdiction; or

                     (b)  the Agvet Regulations of that jurisdiction; or

                     (c)  a law of the Commonwealth that applies in that jurisdiction in relation to a provision of the Agvet Code or Agvet Regulations of that jurisdiction.

APVMA means the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority continued in existence by section 6 of the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals (Administration) Act 1992.

Australia includes the external Territories to which this Act extends.

authority, in relation to the Commonwealth, includes:

                     (a)  a body corporate, or an unincorporated body, established for a public purpose by or under an Act; and

                     (b)  a tribunal or authority established by or in accordance with an Act.

chemical product has the same meaning as in the Agvet Code of the participating Territories.

confer, in relation to a duty, includes impose.

corresponding Act means an Act of a State that corresponds to this Act.

corresponding law means:

                     (a)  a corresponding Act; or

                     (b)  regulations made under a corresponding Act; or

                     (c)  the Agvet Code, Agvet Regulations, or another applicable provision, of a State; or

                     (d)  rules of court made under a corresponding Act.

instrument means any document whatever, including:

                     (a)  an Act or an instrument made under an Act; or

                     (b)  a law of a participating Territory or an instrument made under such a law; or

                     (c)  an award or other industrial determination or order, or an industrial agreement; or

                     (d)  any other order (whether executive, judicial or otherwise); or

                     (e)  a notice, certificate or licence; or

                      (f)  an agreement; or

                     (g)  an application made, information or complaint laid, affidavit sworn, or warrant issued, for any purpose; or

                     (h)  an indictment, presentment, summons or writ; or

                      (i)  any other pleading in, or process issued in connection with, a legal or other proceeding.

jurisdiction means:

                     (a)  a State; or

                     (b)  the participating Territories.

modifications includes additions, omissions and substitutions.

officer, in relation to the Commonwealth, includes:

                     (a)  a Minister; and

                     (b)  a person holding:

                              (i)  an office established by or under an Act; or

                             (ii)  an appointment made under an Act; or

                            (iii)  an appointment made by the Governor‑General or a Minister but not under an Act; and

                     (c)  a person who is a member or officer of an authority of the Commonwealth; and

                     (d)  a person who is in the service or employment of the Commonwealth, or of an authority of the Commonwealth, or is employed or engaged under an Act.

participating Territory means:

                     (a)  the Australian Capital Territory; or

                     (b)  another Territory that is declared by regulations in force under section 25 to be a participating Territory.

repealed Act means the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Act 1988.

State includes the Northern Territory.

Territory does not include the Northern Territory, Norfolk Island, the Territory of Christmas Island or the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands.

5  Jervis Bay Territory

                   For the purposes of this Act, the Jervis Bay Territory is taken to be part of the Australian Capital Territory.

6  Extension to external Territories

                   This Act extends to every external Territory that is a participating Territory.


 

Part 2The Agvet Code, and the Agvet Regulations, of the participating Territories

  

7  Application of Agvet Code in the participating Territories

             (1)  The Code set out in the Schedule to the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code Act 1994 as in force for the time being applies as a law for the government of the participating Territories.

             (2)  The provisions of that Code as so applying are in addition to, and do not affect, the Industrial Chemicals (Notification and Assessment) Act 1989, the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991 and the Therapeutic Goods Act 1989.

             (3)  The powers to require the recall of chemical products that are conferred on the APVMA under that Code as so applying are in addition to, and do not affect, the powers conferred by section 122 of Schedule 2 to the Competition and Consumer Act 2010, as that section applies as a law of the Commonwealth.

             (4)  The provisions of that Code as so applying that require the APVMA to give brief particulars of reasons for decisions do not affect the obligations of the APVMA under section 28 of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975 or section 13 of the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977.

             (5)  The provisions of that Code as so applying that relate to the disclosure of confidential commercial information do not affect the operation of the Freedom of Information Act 1982.

8  Application of Agvet Regulations in the participating Territories

                   The regulations in force for the time being under section 6 of the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code Act 1994 apply as regulations in force for the purposes of the Agvet Code of the participating Territories.

9  Agvet Code of the participating Territories taken to be an Act

                   The Agvet Code of the participating Territories is taken for all purposes to be an Act.

10  Relationship between the Agvet Code and Agvet Regulations of the participating Territories and the laws of a participating Territory

             (1)  In this section:

the Code means the Agvet Code, and the Agvet Regulations, of the participating Territories.

             (2)  The object of this section is to avoid or resolve inconsistencies between the Code and the laws of a participating Territory.

             (3)  Regulations under section 25:

                     (a)  may provide that specified laws of a participating Territory have effect despite the Code or specified provisions of the Code; and

                     (b)  may provide that the Code, or specified provisions of the Code, has or have effect with such modifications as the regulations prescribe.

             (4)  Regulations under section 25 that take effect within 12 months after an external Territory becomes a participating Territory may amend or repeal laws of that Territory.


 

Part 3Citing the Agvet Code and the Agvet Regulations

  

11  References to Agvet Code and Agvet Regulations of other jurisdictions

             (1)  This section has effect for the purposes of an Act, a law of a participating Territory, or an instrument made under an Act or such a law.

             (2)  If a law of a State provides that the Code set out in the Schedule to the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code Act 1994 as in force for the time being applies as a law of that State, the Agvet Code of that State is the Code so set out, applying as a law of that State.

             (3)  If a law of a State provides that the regulations in force for the time being under section 6 of the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code Act 1994 apply as regulations in force for the purposes of the Agvet Code of that State, the Agvet Regulations of that State are those regulations as so applying.

12  References to Agvet Codes and Agvet Regulations

             (1)  The object of this section is to help ensure that the Agvet Code of the participating Territories can operate, in appropriate circumstances, as if that Code, together with the Agvet Code of each State, constituted a single national Agvet Code applying throughout Australia.

             (2)  Subject to this section, a reference in an instrument to the Agvet Codes, or to the Agvet Regulations, is taken, for the purposes of the laws of the Commonwealth and of the laws of the participating Territories:

                     (a)  to be a reference to the Agvet Code, or to the Agvet Regulations, as the case may be, of the participating Territories; and

                     (b)  to include a separate reference to the Agvet Code, or to the Agvet Regulations, as the case may be, of each State.

             (3)  Subsection (2) has effect except so far as the contrary intention appears in the instrument or the context of the reference otherwise requires.


 

Part 4Application of Agvet Codes to the Crown

  

13  Agvet Code of the participating Territories

                   The Agvet Code of the participating Territories binds the Crown in all its capacities.

14  Agvet Code of other jurisdictions

                   The Agvet Code of each State binds the Crown in right of the Commonwealth, of the Australian Capital Territory and of Norfolk Island.

15  Crown not liable to prosecution

                   Nothing in this Part, or in the Agvet Code of any jurisdiction, renders the Crown liable to be prosecuted for an offence.

16  This Part overrides the prerogative

                   If, because of this Part, a provision of a law of the Commonwealth or of a State binds the Crown in right of the Commonwealth, of the Australian Capital Territory or of Norfolk Island, the Crown in that capacity is subject to that provision despite any prerogative right or privilege.


 

Part 5Performance of functions that corresponding laws of States confer on Commonwealth authorities and officers

  

17  Ministers

                   A corresponding law may confer prescribed functions and powers on a Minister.

18  Commonwealth authorities and officers

             (1)  A corresponding law of a jurisdiction may confer duties, functions and powers in respect of any matter arising in relation to the applicable provisions of the jurisdiction:

                     (a)  upon the Administrative Appeals Tribunal; or

                     (b)  upon an inspector appointed under subsection 69F(1) of the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals (Administration) Act 1992; or

                     (c)  upon an analyst approved under section 69G of the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals (Administration) Act 1992.

Note:          Subsection 7(2) of the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals (Administration) Act 1992 deals with functions and powers conferred on the APVMA by State laws.

             (2)  A corresponding law may confer such other duties, functions and powers as are prescribed upon authorities and officers of the Commonwealth.

             (3)  In enacting subsections (1) and (2), it is the intention of the Parliament to rely on all powers available to it under the Constitution.

18A  Conferral of duties, functions and powers

             (1)  To the extent that an authority or officer of the Commonwealth (including a Minister) has a duty, function or power that is conferred, or taken to be conferred, by a corresponding law:

                     (a)  that duty, function or power is not taken to be conferred by Commonwealth law; and

                     (b)  section 18 is not taken to authorise the conferral of the duty, function or power;

if the conferral or authorisation would contravene a constitutional doctrine restricting the duties that may be conferred on authorities or officers of the Commonwealth, or would otherwise exceed the legislative power of the Commonwealth.

             (2)  If, to ensure the validity of the conferral of a duty, function or power purportedly conferred on an authority or officer of the Commonwealth (including a Minister) by a corresponding law, it is necessary that the duty, function or power be conferred by a law of the Commonwealth, rather than by a law of a State, the duty, function or power is taken to be conferred by this Act to the extent necessary to ensure that validity.

             (3)  If, because of subsection (2), this Act is taken to confer a duty, function or power upon an authority or officer of the Commonwealth (including a Minister), it is the intention of the Parliament to rely on all powers available to it under the Constitution to support the conferral of the duty, function or power.

             (4)  Subsections (2) and (3) do not limit section 18.

19  Gazette notices under corresponding laws

                   A corresponding law may require or permit a document, or a copy of a document, to be published in the Gazette.


 

Part 6Jurisdiction of courts

  

20  Jurisdiction of Federal Court and courts of Territories

             (1)  Jurisdiction is conferred on the Federal Court of Australia with respect to all civil matters arising under the Agvet Code of the participating Territories or the Agvet Regulations of the participating Territories.

             (2)  Subject to section 9 of the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977, jurisdiction is conferred on the courts of the participating Territories with respect to all civil matters arising under the Agvet Code of the participating Territories or the Agvet Regulations of the participating Territories.

             (3)  Jurisdiction is conferred on the courts of the participating Territories with respect to all criminal matters arising under the Agvet Code of the participating Territories or the Agvet Regulations of the participating Territories.

             (4)  The Federal Court of Australia may exercise jurisdiction (whether original or appellate) conferred on that Court by a law of the Northern Territory corresponding to this Part with respect to matters arising under the Agvet Code or the Agvet Regulations of the Northern Territory.

21  Exercise of jurisdiction under cross‑vesting provisions

                   This Act does not affect the operation of a provision of any other law of the Commonwealth, or any law of a State or of a participating Territory, relating to cross‑vesting of jurisdiction.


 

Part 7Miscellaneous

  

22  Orders

                   Orders in force for the time being under section 7 of the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code Act 1994 have the same effect for the purposes of the Agvet Code of the participating Territories as they would have if they were provisions of the Agvet Regulations of those Territories.

23  Manufacturing principles

             (1)  The APVMA may determine for the purposes of Part 8 of the Agvet Code of the participating Territories written principles to be observed in the manufacture of chemical products that are consistent with the Agvet Codes, the Agvet Regulations and the laws of any jurisdiction that relate to occupational health or safety.

             (2)  The manufacturing principles may relate to:

                     (a)  the standards to be maintained, and the equipment to be used, at premises used for the manufacture of chemical products; or

                     (b)  procedures for quality assurance and quality control to be employed in the manufacture of chemical products; or

                     (c)  the qualifications and experience required of persons employed in the manufacture of chemical products; or

                     (d)  the manufacturing practices to be employed in the manufacture of chemical products; or

                     (e)  other matters relevant to the quality, safety and efficacy of chemical products that are manufactured in this jurisdiction;

and may include codes of good manufacturing practice.

             (3)  Manufacturing principles are disallowable instruments for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

24  Repeal and transitional provisions

             (1)  The Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Act 1988 is repealed.

             (2)  Despite subsection (1), section 47 of the repealed Act:

                     (a)  continues in force for the purposes of its application in relation to the period beginning on 1 July 1993 and ending immediately before the commencement of this Act; and

                     (b)  if that period is shorter or longer than one year—applies as if that period were a year.

25  Regulations

                   The Governor‑General may make regulations prescribing matters required or permitted by this Act to be prescribed.


 

Part 8Imposition of fees and taxes

  

26  Fees (including taxes)

                   This section imposes the fees (including fees that are taxes) that the Agvet Regulations of the participating Territories prescribe.


Notes to the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Act 1994

Note 1

The Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Act 1994 as shown in this compilation comprises Act No. 36, 1994 amended as indicated in the Tables below.

For all relevant information pertaining to application, saving or transitional provisions see Table A.

Table of Acts

Act

Number
and year

Date
of Assent

Date of commencement

Application, saving or transitional provisions

Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Act 1994

36, 1994

15 Mar 1994

15 Mar 1995

 

National Food Authority Amendment Act 1995

152, 1995

16 Dec 1995

Schedule 2 (item 1): 1 July 1996 (see Gazette 1996, No. S230)

Jurisdiction of Courts Legislation Amendment Act 2000

57, 2000

30 May 2000

Schedule 1 (items 28–30): 1 July 2000 (see Gazette 2000, No. GN25) (a)

Australia New Zealand Food Authority Amendment Act 2001

81, 2001

10 July 2001

S. 2(6): Royal Assent (b)
Schedule 3 (item 1): 1 July 2002 (see Gazette 2002, No. GN30) (b)

S. 2(6)

Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Legislation Amendment Act 2001

83, 2001

11 July 2001

Schedule 2: (c)
Remainder: Royal Assent

Sch. 1 (item 4)

Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Legislation Amendment (Name Change) Act 2004

79, 2004

23 June 2004

Schedule 1 (items 1–6): 30 July 2004 (see Gazette 2004, No. GN30)

Trade Practices Amendment (Australian Consumer Law) Act (No. 2) 2010

103, 2010

13 July 2010

Schedule 6 (item 151): 1 Jan 2011

Acts Interpretation Amendment Act 2011

46, 2011

27 June 2011

Schedule 2 (item 45) and Schedule 3 (items 10, 11): 27 Dec 2011

Sch. 3 (items 10, 11)


(a)     The Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Act 1994 was amended by Schedule 1 (items 28–30) only of the Jurisdiction of Courts Legislation Amendment Act 2000, subsection 2(2) of which provides as follows:

                 (2)   The items in Schedule 1, other than items 77 to 90, commence on a day or days to be fixed by Proclamation.

(b)     The Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Act 1994 was amended by Schedule 3 (item 1) only of the Australia New Zealand Food Authority Amendment Act 2001, subsections 2(1)(a), (2) and (5) of which provide as follows:

                 (1)   The following provisions commence on the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent:

                              (a)   sections 1, 2 and 3;

                 (2)   Part 1 of Schedule 1 (other than item 120A), and Schedule 3, commence on the first day after the commencement of this section on which an amendment of the Australia New Zealand Joint Food Standards Agreement comes into force in accordance with Article 10 of that Agreement.

                 (5)   As soon as practicable after the commencement of the following provisions:

                              (a)   Part 1 of Schedule 1 (other than item 120A);

                              (b)   Schedule 3;

                         the Minister must cause to be published in the Gazette a notice specifying the day on which those provisions commenced.

(c)     The Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Act 1994 was amended by the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Legislation Amendment Act 2001, subsection 2(2)(b) of which provides as follows:

                 (2)   Schedule 2 commences at the later of:

                              (b)   the time when Parts 4 to 10 of the Administrative Review Tribunal Act 2001 commence.

         The Administrative Review Tribunal Bill has not been enacted. Therefore this amendment does not commence.


Table of Amendments

ad. = added or inserted     am. = amended     rep. = repealed     rs. = repealed and substituted

Provision affected

How affected

Part 1

 

S. 3......................................

am. No. 46, 2011

S. 4......................................

am. No. 57, 2000; No. 83, 2001; No. 79, 2004

Part 2

 

S. 7......................................

am. No. 152, 1995; No. 81, 2001; No. 79, 2004; No. 103, 2010

Part 5

 

S. 18....................................

rs. No. 83, 2001

Note to s. 18(1)..................

am. No. 79, 2004

S. 18A.................................

ad. No. 83, 2001

Part 6

 

S. 20....................................

am. No. 57, 2000

Part 7

 

S. 23....................................

am. No. 79, 2004


Table A

Application, saving or transitional provisions

Australia New Zealand Food Authority Amendment Act 2001
(No. 81, 2001)

           2(6)  In this section:

Australia New Zealand Joint Food Standards Agreement means the Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of New Zealand Establishing a System for the Development of Joint Food Standards, signed at Wellington on 5 December 1995.

 

Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Legislation Amendment Act 2001
(No. 83, 2001)

Schedule 1

4  Application of amendment

The amendment made by item 2 of this Schedule applies in relation to matters arising before, on or after the commencement of that item.

 

Acts Interpretation Amendment Act 2011 (No. 46, 2011)

Schedule 3

10  Saving—appointments

The amendments made by Schedule 2 do not affect the validity of an appointment that was made under an Act before the commencement of this item and that was in force immediately before that commencement.

11  Transitional regulations

The Governor‑General may make regulations prescribing matters of a transitional nature (including prescribing any saving or application provisions) relating to the amendments and repeals made by Schedules 1 and 2.