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A Bill for an Act to amend the Migration Act 1958, and for related purposes
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Registered 21 Nov 2012
Introduced Senate 20 Nov 2012
Table of contents.

 

2010‑2011‑2012

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

THE SENATE

 

 

 

 

Presented and read a first time

 

 

 

 

 

 

Migration Amendment (Special Protection Scheme for Afghan Coalition Employees) Bill 2012

 

No.      , 2012

 

(Senator Hanson‑Young)

 

 

 

A Bill for an Act to amend the Migration Act 1958, and for related purposes

  

  


Contents

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 1

3............ Schedule(s)......................................................................................... 2

Schedule 1—Amendments                                                                                                3

Migration Act 1958                                                                                                     3

 


A Bill for an Act to amend the Migration Act 1958, and for related purposes

The Parliament of Australia enacts:

1  Short title

                   This Act may be cited as the Migration Amendment (Special Protection Scheme for Afghan Coalition Employees) Act 2012.

2  Commencement

                   This Act commences on the day this Act receives the Royal Assent.

3  Schedule(s)

                   Each Act that is specified in a Schedule to this Act is amended or repealed as set out in the applicable items in the Schedule concerned, and any other item in a Schedule to this Act has effect according to its terms.


 

Schedule 1Amendments

  

Migration Act 1958

1  Subsection 5(1) (at the end of the definition of member of the family unit)

Add “and, in relation to an applicant for a special protection visa who is a non‑citizen mentioned in paragraph 36A(2)(a) or (b), includes any brothers and sisters of the applicant”.

2  Subsections 31(2) and (3)

After “36,”, insert “36A,”.

3  After section 36

Insert:

36A  Special protection visas

             (1)  There is a class of visas to be known as special protection visas.

Note:          See also Subdivision AL.

             (2)  A criterion for a special protection visa is that the applicant for the visa is:

                     (a)  a non‑citizen who the Minister is satisfied is covered by the definition of refugee in Article 1A of the Refugees Convention as amended by the Refugees Protocol because the non‑citizen is subject to persecution in the non‑citizen’s home country as a result of working as an interpreter or translator for any of the following entities (a relevant entity) in Afghanistan:

                              (i)  the International Security Assistance Force;

                             (ii)  the Australian embassy;

                            (iii)  an organisation or body contracted by the Commonwealth or an authority of the Commonwealth; or

                     (b)  a non‑citizen who the Minister is satisfied is covered by the definition of refugee in Article 1A of the Refugees Convention as amended by the Refugees Protocol because the non‑citizen is subject to persecution in the non‑citizen’s home country as a result of working (other than as an interpreter or translator) for a relevant entity in Afghanistan; or

                     (c)  a non‑citizen who is a member of the same family unit as a non‑citizen who:

                              (i)  is mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b); and

                             (ii)  holds a special protection visa.

             (3)  Paragraphs (2)(a) and (b) do not apply to a non‑citizen who worked for a relevant entity in Afghanistan for a period of less than 12 months.

             (4)  Paragraphs (2)(a) and (b) do not apply to a non‑citizen who has not taken all possible steps to avail himself or herself of a right to enter and reside in, whether temporarily or permanently and however that right arose or is expressed, any country apart from Australia, including countries of which the non‑citizen is a national (as determined by reference to the law of those countries).

             (5)  However, subsection (4) does not apply in relation to a country in respect of which:

                     (a)  the non‑citizen has a well‑founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion; or

                     (b)  the Minister has substantial grounds for believing that, as a necessary and foreseeable consequence of the non‑citizen availing himself or herself of a right mentioned in subsection (4), there would be a real risk that the non‑citizen will suffer significant harm in relation to the country.

             (6)  Subsection (4) does not apply in relation to a country if the non‑citizen has a well‑founded fear that:

                     (a)  the country will return the non‑citizen to another country; and

                     (b)  the non‑citizen will be persecuted in that other country for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion.

             (7)  Also, subsection (4) does not apply in relation to a country if:

                     (a)  the non‑citizen has a well‑founded fear that the country will return the non‑citizen to another country; and

                     (b)  the Minister has substantial grounds for believing that, as a necessary and foreseeable consequence of the non‑citizen availing himself or herself of a right mentioned in subsection (4), there would be a real risk that the non‑citizen will suffer significant harm in relation to the other country.

             (8)  In this section:

home country, in relation to a non‑citizen, means:

                     (a)  the country of which the non‑citizen is a national (as determined by reference to the law of that country); or

                     (b)  if the non‑citizen is not usually resident in that country, the country in which the non‑citizen is usually resident.

4  Subsection 39(1)

After “protection visas”, insert “and special protection visas”.

5  Paragraph 40(3A)(a)

After “protection visa”, insert “or special protection visa”.

6  Paragraph 41(2)(a)

After “protection visa,”, insert “special protection visa,”.

7  Paragraph 46(2AA)(a)

After “protection visa”, insert “or special protection visa”.

8  Section 65A (at the end of the heading)

Add “and special protection visas”.

9  Subsections 65A(1) and (2)

After “protection visa” (wherever occurring), insert “or special protection visa”.

10  Paragraphs 72(2)(b), (c) and (d)

After “protection visa”, insert “or special protection visa”.

11  Subdivision AL of Division 3 of Part 2 (at the end of the heading)

Add “and special protection visas”.

12  Paragraphs 91X(1)(a) and (c)

After “protection visa”, insert “or special protection visa”.

13  Subsection 91X(3) (at the end of the definition of application for a protection‑related bridging visa)

Add “or special protection visa”.

14  At the end of subsections 161(5) and (6)

Add “or special protection visa”.

15  Subsections 164D(1) and (2)

After “protection visa”, insert “or special protection visa”.

16  Subsection 195(2)

Omit “or a protection visa”, substitute “, a protection visa or a special protection visa”.

17  Subsection 198(2A) (note)

After “protection visa”, insert “, a special protection visa”.

18  Subparagraphs 336F(3)(a)(i) and (4)(a)(i)

After “protection visa”, insert “or special protection visa”.

19  Paragraph 336F(5)(b)

After “protection visa,”, insert “or special protection visa,”.

20  Part 7 (heading)

After “protection visa”, insert “and special protection visa”.

21  At the end of subsection 411(1)

Add:

                   ; (e)  a decision to refuse to grant a special protection visa;

                      (f)  a decision to cancel a special protection visa.

22  Section 414A (heading)

Omit “decision on protection visas”, substitute “decisions”.

23  After paragraph 500(1)(c)

Insert:

                 or (d)  a decision to refuse to grant a special protection visa, or to cancel a special protection visa, relying on one or more of the following Articles of the Refugees Convention, namely Article 1F, 32 or 33(2);

24  At the end of subsection 500(4)

Add:

                   ; (d)  a decision to refuse to grant a special protection visa, or to cancel a special protection visa, relying on one or more of the following Articles of the Refugees Convention, namely Article 1F, 32 or 33(2).

25  Subsection 501(12) (note 1)

Omit “a protection visa”, substitute “protections visas and special protection visas”.

26  After paragraph 501E(2)(a)

Insert:

                   (ab)  a special protection visa; or

27  Paragraphs 501F(2)(b) and (3)(b)

Omit “neither a protection visa nor”, substitute “not a protection visa, a special protection visa or”.

28  Section 501J (heading)

After “protection visa”, insert “or special protection visa”.

29  At the end of subsection 501J(2)

Add “or special protection visa”.

30  Section 501K (heading)

After “protection visas”, insert “and special protection visas”.

31  Paragraphs 501K(1)(a) and (c)

After “protection visa”, insert “or special protection visa”.

32  Subsection 501K(3) (at the end of the definition of application for a protection‑related bridging visa)

Add “or special protection visa”.

33  After subparagraph 502(1)(a)(iii)

Insert:

                       or (iv)  to refuse to grant a special protection visa, or to cancel a special protection visa, relying on one or more of the following Articles of the Refugees Convention, namely, Article 1F, 32 or 33(2);

34  After paragraph 503(1)(c)

Insert:

                 or (d)  to refuse to grant a special protection visa, or to cancel a special protection visa, relying on one or more of the following Articles of the Refugees Convention, namely, Article 1F, 32 or 33(2);