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Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987

  • - C2009C00483
  • In force - Superseded Version
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Act No. 142 of 1987 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Act No. 102 of 2009
An Act relating to the assessment and collection of the tax imposed by the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Act 1987, and for related purposes
Administered by: Treasury
Registered 19 Oct 2009
Start Date 09 Oct 2009
End Date 16 Dec 2010

Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987

Act No. 142 of 1987 as amended

This compilation was prepared on 16 October 2009
taking into account amendments up to Act No. 102 of 2009

The text of any of those amendments not in force
on that date is appended in the Notes section

The operation of amendments that have been incorporated may be
affected by application provisions that are set out in the Notes section

Prepared by the Office of Legislative Drafting and Publishing,
Attorney‑General’s Department,
Canberra

  

  

  


Contents

Part I—Preliminary                                                                                                                1

1............ Short title [see Note 1]....................................................................... 1

1A......... Application of the Criminal Code...................................................... 1

Part II—Interpretation                                                                                                         2

2............ Defined terms..................................................................................... 2

2A......... GDP factor....................................................................................... 14

2B......... Group companies, subsidiaries, basic company groups and overall company groups            14

2BA...... Designated company groups............................................................ 16

2C......... Greater Sunrise apportionments....................................................... 18

2D......... Future closing‑down expenditure..................................................... 19

3............ Petroleum pools................................................................................ 20

4............ Relationship between licences, permits and leases etc..................... 20

5............ Petroleum exploration and recovery in relation to certain areas....... 21

6............ Termination of use of property in relation to a petroleum project.. 26

7............ Property installed ready for use....................................................... 26

8............ Consideration not in cash................................................................. 26

9............ Amounts credited, reinvested etc. to be taken to be receivable........ 26

10.......... Translation of amounts into Australian currency............................. 26

11.......... Residence.......................................................................................... 28

12.......... Partnerships...................................................................................... 29

13.......... Unincorporated associations............................................................ 30

14.......... Application of Act........................................................................... 31

Part III—Administration                                                                                                   32

15.......... General administration of Act.......................................................... 32

16.......... Annual report................................................................................... 32

17.......... Secrecy.............................................................................................. 32

18.......... Application of Part in relation to section 20.................................... 34

Part IV—Petroleum projects                                                                                          35

19.......... Petroleum project............................................................................. 35

20.......... Combining of petroleum projects..................................................... 37

Part V—Liability to taxation                                                                                           40

Division 1—Liability to tax on taxable profit                                                 40

21.......... Liability to pay tax........................................................................... 40

22.......... Taxable profit................................................................................... 40

Division 2—Assessable receipts                                                                          42

22B....... Effect of GST etc. on assessable receipts......................................... 42

23.......... Assessable receipts........................................................................... 42

24.......... Assessable petroleum receipts......................................................... 43

24A....... Assessable tolling receipts................................................................ 45

25.......... Assessable exploration recovery receipts......................................... 45

26.......... Amounts notionally derived where no sale of petroleum etc........... 46

27.......... Assessable property receipts........................................................... 46

28.......... Assessable miscellaneous compensation receipts............................ 47

29.......... Assessable employee amenities receipts.......................................... 48

30.......... Reduction of amount of assessable property etc. receipts............... 49

31.......... Time of derivation of receipts.......................................................... 49

31A....... Eligible real expenditure and the Bass Strait project......................... 50

Division 3—Deductible expenditure                                                                  51

31B....... Effect of input tax credits etc. on deductible expenditure................ 51

32.......... Deductible expenditure..................................................................... 51

33.......... Class 1 augmented bond rate general expenditure............................. 51

34.......... Class 1 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure...................... 53

34A....... Class 2 augmented bond rate general expenditure............................. 54

35.......... Class 1 GDP factor expenditure....................................................... 56

35A....... Class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure...................... 57

35B....... Class 2 GDP factor expenditure....................................................... 58

36.......... Class 1 augmented bond rate exploration and class 1 GDP factor expenditures in relation to project groups        58

36A....... Designated frontier areas for 2004.................................................... 61

36B....... Designated frontier areas for 2005 to 2009...................................... 61

36C....... Uplifted frontier expenditure............................................................ 62

37.......... Exploration expenditure.................................................................... 62

38.......... General project expenditure.............................................................. 63

39.......... Closing‑down expenditure................................................................ 64

40.......... Bad debts.......................................................................................... 66

41.......... Effect of procuring the carrying on of operations etc. by others..... 67

42.......... Expenditure on property for partial project use.............................. 68

43.......... Deferred use of property on project etc........................................... 68

44.......... Excluded expenditure........................................................................ 69

45.......... Time of incurring of expenditure...................................................... 70

Division 3A—Transfer of exploration expenditure incurred on or after 1 July 1990    71

45A....... Transfer of expenditure—general..................................................... 71

45B....... Transfer of expenditure—group companies..................................... 72

45C....... Commissioner’s power to make transfers of expenditure................ 73

45D....... Effect of transfer of expenditure....................................................... 74

45E........ Instalment transfers and annual transfers......................................... 75

Division 4—Tax credits                                                                                             77

46.......... Credits in respect of closing‑down expenditure............................... 77

47.......... Application of credits....................................................................... 78

Division 5—Effect of certain transactions                                                       79

48.......... Transfer of entire entitlement to assessable receipts........................ 79

48A....... Transfer on or after 1 July 1993 of part of entitlement to assessable receipts       81

49.......... Transfer before 1 July 1984 of partial entitlement to assessable receipts               84

Division 6—Anti‑avoidance                                                                                     85

Subdivision A—Arrangements to obtain tax benefits                                         85

50.......... Arrangements.................................................................................... 85

51.......... Tax benefits...................................................................................... 85

52.......... Arrangements to which Subdivision applies.................................... 86

53.......... Cancellation of tax benefits etc......................................................... 87

55.......... Operation of Subdivision.................................................................. 88

Subdivision B—Non‑arm’s length transactions                                                  88

56.......... Arm’s length transaction.................................................................. 88

57.......... Non‑arm’s length receipts................................................................ 88

58.......... Non‑arm’s length expenditure.......................................................... 89

Division 7—Functional currency                                                                          91

58A....... Objects of this Division.................................................................... 91

58B....... Person may elect to be bound by the functional currency rules....... 91

58C....... Applicable foreign currency............................................................. 93

58D....... Basic translation rules....................................................................... 94

58E........ Translation rule—assessable receipt................................................ 95

58F........ Translation rule—deductible expenditure......................................... 95

58G....... Translation rule—transfer of entire entitlement to assessable receipts 96

58H....... Translation rule—transfer of part of entitlement to assessable receipts 96

58J........ Translation of taxable profit, or excess closing‑down expenditure, into Australian currency 96

58K....... Special translation rules—events that happened before the current election took effect        101

58L........ Withdrawal of election.................................................................... 103

58M...... Special translation rules—events that happened before the withdrawal of an election took effect        103

Part VI—Returns and assessments                                                                         105

Division 1—Returns                                                                                                  105

59.......... Annual returns................................................................................ 105

60.......... Other returns.................................................................................. 106

Division 2—Assessments (general)                                                                 107

61.......... Making assessments....................................................................... 107

62.......... Self‑assessment............................................................................... 107

63.......... Default assessments....................................................................... 107

64.......... Reliance on information in returns and statements......................... 108

65.......... Validity of assessments.................................................................. 108

66.......... Objections to assessments.............................................................. 108

Division 3—Assessments (amendment)                                                        110

67.......... Amendment of assessments........................................................... 110

68.......... Amended assessments taken to be assessments............................. 110

69.......... Amending amended assessments.................................................... 110

70.......... Extended periods for amendment—taxpayer applications and private rulings       111

71.......... Extended periods for amendment—Federal Court orders and taxpayer consent     112

72.......... Refund of overpaid amounts.......................................................... 113

Part VIII—Collection and recovery of tax                                                           114

Division 1—General                                                                                                  114

82.......... When tax and shortfall interest charge payable.............................. 114

85.......... Unpaid tax and charges................................................................... 114

92.......... Person in receipt or control of money of non‑resident................... 115

Division 2—Collection by instalments                                                            117

93.......... Interpretation.................................................................................. 117

94.......... Liability to pay instalments of tax................................................. 117

95.......... When instalment of tax is payable.................................................. 117

96.......... Amount of instalment of tax........................................................... 117

97.......... Notional tax amount....................................................................... 118

98.......... Instalment statement...................................................................... 119

98A....... Instalment transfer interest charge—liability................................. 120

98B....... Instalment transfer interest charge—amount.................................. 122

98C....... Instalment transfer interest charge—notification and payment..... 123

98D....... Instalment transfer interest charge—remission.............................. 124

99.......... Application of payments of instalments of tax.............................. 124

100........ Unpaid instalments......................................................................... 125

Part IX—Penalty tax                                                                                                         127

100A..... Part to stop applying..................................................................... 127

101........ Penalty for failure to furnish return................................................ 127

102........ Penalty for false or misleading statements..................................... 127

103........ Penalty tax where arrangement to avoid tax................................... 129

104........ Assessment of additional tax.......................................................... 130

Part X—Miscellaneous                                                                                                    131

105........ Judicial notice of signature.............................................................. 131

106........ Evidence.......................................................................................... 131

106A..... Review of certain decisions............................................................ 132

107........ Access to premises etc................................................................... 132

108........ Relevant authority to obtain information and evidence.................. 133

109........ Agents and trustees........................................................................ 134

112........ Records to be kept and preserved.................................................. 135

113........ Service on partnerships and associations....................................... 136

114........ Regulations..................................................................................... 136

Schedule—Provisions relating to incurring and transfer of exploration expenditure on or after 1 July 1990                                                                                                                                    137

Part 1—Interpretation                                                                                                      139

1............ Defined terms................................................................................. 139

2............ Holding an interest—petroleum project......................................... 141

3............ Holding an interest—exploration right........................................... 143

4............ Amounts to be worked out to nearest dollar.................................. 144

Part 1A—Special rules relating to the transfer of Greater Sunrise expenditure    145

4A......... Certain Greater Sunrise expenditure is not transferable................. 145

4B......... Greater Sunrise transferable exploration expenditure must be adjusted  145

Part 2—Class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure and transferable exploration expenditure                                                                                                                                    147

5............ Interpretation.................................................................................. 147

6............ Matters dealt with in this Part....................................................... 147

7............ What happens if there is no notional taxable profit....................... 148

8............ What happens if there is a notional taxable profit.......................... 148

Part 3—Class 2 GDP factor expenditure and transferable exploration expenditure           152

9............ Interpretation.................................................................................. 152

10.......... Matters dealt with in this Part....................................................... 152

11.......... What happens if there is no notional taxable profit....................... 153

12.......... What happens if there is a notional taxable profit.......................... 153

Part 4—Transferable exploration expenditure not incurred in relation to a project             156

13.......... Matters dealt with in this Part....................................................... 156

14.......... Assumptions on which amounts to be worked out........................ 156

15.......... Non‑transferable expenditure......................................................... 157

16.......... Amounts to be worked out............................................................. 158

17.......... What happens if the notional assessable receipts equal or exceed the notional deductible expenditure  159

18.......... What happens if the notional deductible expenditure exceeds the notional assessable receipts              159

Part 5—General rules relating to transfer of exploration expenditure 161

19.......... Interpretation.................................................................................. 161

20.......... Matters dealt with in this Part....................................................... 161

21.......... Rule—must be a notional taxable profit in relation to receiving project  161

22.......... Rule—person must have held interests in relation to transferring entity and receiving project              162

23.......... Rule—transfer to project with most recent production licence..... 163

24.......... Rule—restriction on transfer of ABR expenditure......................... 164

25.......... Rule—restriction on transfer of GDP expenditure......................... 164

26.......... Rule—total transferred not to exceed notional taxable profit......... 164

Part 6—Rules relating to transfer of exploration expenditure between group companies               165

27.......... Interpretation.................................................................................. 165

28.......... Situations to which this Part applies.............................................. 165

29.......... Matters dealt with in this Part....................................................... 165

30.......... Rule—must be a notional taxable profit in relation to profit company and receiving project 166

31.......... Rule—continuity of interest within company group..................... 166

32.......... Rule—transfer to project with most recent production licence..... 168

33.......... Rule—restriction on transfer of ABR expenditure......................... 168

34.......... Rule—restriction on transfer of GDP expenditure......................... 169

35.......... Rule—total transferred not to exceed notional taxable profit......... 169

Part 7—Compounding of transferred amounts                                                   170

36.......... Matters dealt with in this Part....................................................... 170

37.......... What happens if expenditure was incurred in an ABR expenditure year                170

38.......... What happens if expenditure was incurred in a GDP expenditure year  171

Notes                                                                                                                                          173


An Act relating to the assessment and collection of the tax imposed by the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Act 1987, and for related purposes

Part IPreliminary

  

1  Short title [see Note 1]

                   This Act may be cited as the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987.

1A  Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code applies to all offences against this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.


 

Part IIInterpretation

  

2  Defined terms

                   In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:

access authority means a petroleum access authority within the meaning of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006.

accounts includes:

                     (a)  ledgers; and

                     (b)  journals; and

                     (c)  statements of financial performance; and

                     (d)  profit and loss accounts; and

                     (e)  balance‑sheets; and

                      (f)  statements of financial position;

and also includes statements, reports and notes attached to, or intended to be read with, anything covered by any of the above paragraphs.

acquisition has the meaning given by section 195‑1 of the GST Act.

agent includes:

                     (a)  a person who, for and on behalf of a person out of Australia, has the management or control in Australia of the whole or a part of a business of the second‑mentioned person; and

                     (b)  a person declared by the Commissioner, by notice in writing served on the person, to be an agent or the sole agent of a person for the purposes of this Act.

annual transfer has the meaning given by subsection 45E(4).

applicable commencement date, in relation to a petroleum project, means:

                     (a)  unless paragraph (b) applies—1 July 1986; or

                     (b)  if the project is the Bass Strait project, or if the Bass Strait project is a pre‑combination project in relation to the project—1 July 1990.

applicable foreign currency has the meaning given by section 58C.

apportionment percentage figure has the meaning given by subsection 2C(2).

approved form has the meaning given by section 388‑50 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

Note:          Forms previously approved by the Commissioner under this Act continue in effect: see item 230 of Schedule 10 to the Tax Laws Amendment (2004 Measures No. 7) Act 2005.

assessment means:

                     (a)  the ascertainment of the amount of a person’s taxable profit (or that a person has no taxable profit) in relation to a year of tax and a petroleum project, and of the tax payable on that amount (or that no tax is payable); or

                     (b)  the ascertainment of the additional tax payable under a provision of Part IX.

Australia, when used in a geographical sense, includes the external Territories.

basic company group has the meaning given by section 2B.

Bass Strait exploration permit means the exploration permit known as VIC/P1.

Bass Strait project means the petroleum project referred to in subsection 19(1A).

block has the same meaning as in the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006.

combined project means a petroleum project to which subsection 19(2) applies.

Commissioner means the Commissioner of Taxation.

company means a body corporate that has a share capital.

condensate means a mixture that includes pentane and hexane, where the pentane and hexane comprise more than 50% by weight of the mixture.

creditable purpose has the meaning given by section 195‑1 of the GST Act.

current apportionment percentage has the meaning given by subsection 2C(1).

decreasing adjustment has the meaning given by section 195‑1 of the GST Act.

Deputy Commissioner means a Deputy Commissioner of Taxation.

designated company group has the meaning given by section 2BA.

designated frontier area means that block or those blocks that constitute both:

                     (a)  an area or part of an area:

                              (i)  specified in section 36A; or

                             (ii)  specified in an instrument made under subsection 36B(1); and

                     (b)  an exploration permit area.

designated frontier expenditure, in relation to a petroleum project and a financial year, means exploration expenditure that is actually incurred:

                     (a)  by a person in that year where the eligible exploration or recovery area in relation to the project is a designated frontier area; and

                     (b)  during the original period of the exploration permit concerned (before the permit is first renewed or ceases to be in force);

other than exploration expenditure that is incurred in evaluating or delineating a petroleum pool (within the meaning of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006) that has been discovered in a designated frontier area.

eligible production licence means a production licence other than a production licence that is related to one of the North West Shelf exploration permits.

eligible real expenditure means exploration expenditure, general project expenditure or closing‑down expenditure.

employee amenities means housing, health, educational, recreational, welfare or other similar facilities and services for, or facilities and services involved in the supply of meals to, employees or dependants of employees, not being facilities and services conducted for the purpose of profit‑making.

excess closing‑down expenditure has the meaning given by paragraph 46(1)(a).

excluded commodity means a marketable petroleum commodity that:

                     (a)  has been sold;

                     (b)  after being produced, has been further processed or treated;

                     (c)  has been moved away from the place of its production other than to a storage site adjacent to that place; or

                     (d)  has been moved away from a storage site adjacent to the place of its production.

excluded fee means an amount of a kind referred to in paragraph 113(1)(c), subsection 115(5), paragraph 118(1)(c), subsection 178(4) or paragraph 181(1)(c) of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006.

exploration permit means a petroleum exploration permit within the meaning of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006.

exploration permit area means a petroleum exploration permit area within the meaning of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006.

external petroleum, in relation to a petroleum project, means petroleum, or constituents of petroleum, recovered from an area or areas other than the production licence area or production licence areas in relation to the project.

facilities means land, buildings, plant, equipment and other facilities.

financial year means any financial year that commenced or commences on or after 1 July 1979.

foreign currency means a currency other than Australian currency.

future closing‑down expenditure has the meaning given by section 2D.

GDP factor, in relation to a financial year, means the GDP factor for the financial year worked out in accordance with section 2A.

general interest charge means the charge worked out under Part IIA of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

Greater Sunrise project means a petroleum project for the recovery of petroleum from one or more of the Greater Sunrise unit reservoirs.

Greater Sunrise unit area has the same meaning as in the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006.

Greater Sunrise unit reservoirs has the same meaning as in the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006.

group company has the meaning given by section 2B.

GST has the meaning given by section 195‑1 of the GST Act.

GST Act means the A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999.

head company of a designated company group has the meaning given by section 2BA.

holder of a registered interest, in relation to a production licence, means a person holding an interest in the production licence, being an interest created by a dealing in relation to which an entry has been made under subsection 494(3) of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006.

increasing adjustment has the meaning given by section 195‑1 of the GST Act.

ineligible project, in relation to a financial year, means a petroleum project that is a pre‑combination project by virtue of the issue of a project combination certificate during the financial year.

infrastructure licence has the meaning given by section 7 of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006.

input tax credit has the meaning given by section 195‑1 of the GST Act.

instalment of tax means an instalment of tax payable under Division 2 of Part VIII.

instalment percentage, in relation to an instalment period in a year of tax, means:

                     (a)  in the case of the first instalment period in the year of tax—25%;

                     (b)  in the case of the second instalment period in the year of tax—50%; and

                     (c)  in the case of the third instalment period in the year of tax—75%.

instalment period, in relation to an instalment of tax in a year of tax, means the period commencing at the beginning of the year of tax and ending at the end of the month preceding that in which the instalment is due and payable.

instalment transfer has the meaning given by subsection 45E(5).

instalment transfer charge period has the meaning given by subsection 98A(4).

instalment transfer excess has the meaning given by subsection 98A(1).

instalment transfer interest charge has the meaning given by subsection 98A(4).

internal petroleum, in relation to a petroleum project, means petroleum, or constituents of petroleum, recovered from the production licence area or production licence areas in relation to the project, where:

                     (a)  the petroleum, or the constituents of petroleum, is, or is to be, recovered or processed:

                              (i)  by a person entitled to derive assessable receipts in relation to the project; and

                             (ii)  for or on behalf of another person who is entitled to derive assessable receipts in relation to the project; or

                     (b)  the petroleum, or the constituents of petroleum, is, or is to be, sold:

                              (i)  by a person entitled to derive assessable receipts in relation to the project; and

                             (ii)  to another person who is entitled to derive assessable receipts in relation to the project.

lease derived production licence means a production licence that is derived from a retention lease.

liable person has the meaning given by subsection 98A(1).

licensed property, in relation to a petroleum project, has the meaning given by paragraph 2D(1)(b).

liquefied petroleum gas means a mixture that includes propane and butane, where the propane and butane comprise more than 50% by weight of the mixture.

long‑term bond rate means:

                     (a)  in relation to the financial year commencing on 1 July 1979—0.1066;

                     (b)  in relation to the financial year commencing on 1 July 1980—0.1258;

                     (c)  in relation to the financial year commencing on 1 July 1981—0.1548;

                     (d)  in relation to the financial year commencing on 1 July 1982—0.1443;

                     (e)  in relation to the financial year commencing on 1 July 1983—0.1272;

                      (f)  in relation to the financial year commencing on 1 July 1984—0.1341;

                     (g)  in relation to the financial year commencing on 1 July 1985—0.1365; and

                     (h)  in relation to any subsequent financial year—the average, expressed as a decimal fraction, of the assessed secondary market yields in respect of 10‑year non‑rebate Treasury bonds published by the Reserve Bank during that year or, if no assessed secondary market yield in respect of bonds of that kind was published by the Reserve Bank during the year, the decimal fraction determined by the Treasurer by notice in writing published in the Gazette for the purposes of this definition in relation to the financial year.

marketable petroleum commodity means any of the following products produced from petroleum:

                     (a)  stabilised crude oil;

                     (b)  sales gas;

                     (c)  condensate;

                     (d)  liquefied petroleum gas;

                     (e)  ethane;

                      (f)  any other product declared by the regulations to be a marketable petroleum commodity;

not being a product produced from another product of a kind referred to in paragraphs (a) to (f) (inclusive).

market value, of a commodity, at a particular time, is its market value reduced by an amount equal to the amount of the input tax credit (if any) to which a person would be entitled if:

                     (a)  the person had acquired the commodity at that time; and

                     (b)  the acquisition had been solely for a creditable purpose.

North West Shelf exploration permits means the exploration permits known as WA‑1‑P and WA‑28‑P.

offence against this Act includes an offence against:

                     (a)  the Crimes Act 1914; or

                     (b)  the Taxation Administration Act 1953;

relating to this Act.

officer means a person appointed or engaged under the Public Service Act 1999.

overall company group has the meaning given by section 2B.

permit derived production licence means a production licence that is derived from an exploration permit.

petroleum has the same meaning as in the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006.

petroleum project or project means a petroleum project within the meaning of subsection 19(1) or (2), and includes the extended meaning given by subsection 19(2B) or (2C).

pipeline licence has the same meaning as in the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006.

post‑30 June 2008 petroleum project means a petroleum project, where the production licence, or each production licence, in relation to the project came into force after 30 June 2008.

pre‑1 July 2008 petroleum project means a petroleum project other than a post‑30 June 2008 petroleum project.

pre‑combination project, in relation to a combined project, means:

                     (a)  any petroleum project that, immediately before the project combination certificate that gave rise to the combined project came into force, was a petroleum project in relation to any one or more of the eligible production licences specified in the certificate; and

                     (b)  any petroleum project that is a pre‑combination project in relation to another petroleum project that is a pre‑combination project in relation to the combined project under paragraph (a) or this paragraph.

processing of external petroleum, in relation to a petroleum project, includes the stabilisation, transportation, storage or recovery of external petroleum in relation to the project.

processing of internal petroleum, in relation to a petroleum project, includes the stabilisation, transportation, storage or recovery of internal petroleum in relation to the project.

production licence means:

                     (a)  a petroleum production licence within the meaning of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006; or

                     (b)  a lawful authority or right (however described) to undertake activities in the Western Greater Sunrise area for the recovery of petroleum from one or more of the Greater Sunrise unit reservoirs.

production licence area means a petroleum production licence area within the meaning of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006 and, in relation to a Greater Sunrise project, includes the Western Greater Sunrise area.

project combination certificate means a certificate under section 20.

registered holder has the same meaning as in the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006.

re‑inject, in relation to a marketable petroleum commodity produced from petroleum recovered from the eligible exploration or recovery area in relation to a petroleum project, means return the commodity to a natural reservoir in:

                     (a)  where the return takes place before any production licence in relation to the project comes into force—any area from which the recovery of petroleum would, at the time of the return, constitute recovery of petroleum from the eligible exploration or recovery area in relation to the project; and

                     (b)  in any other case—the production licence area or any of the production licence areas in relation to the project.

related charge means:

                     (a)  shortfall interest charge, or general interest charge, in relation to tax; or

                     (b)  instalment transfer interest charge in relation to an instalment of tax.

Resources Department means the Department that:

                     (a)  deals with matters arising under section 1 of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006; and

                     (b)  is administered by the Resources Minister.

Resources Minister means the Minister administering section 1 of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006.

retention lease means a petroleum retention lease within the meaning of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006.

retention lease area means a petroleum retention lease area within the meaning of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006.

sales gas means a substance:

                     (a)  which is in a gaseous state when at the temperature of 15°C and a pressure of one atmosphere; and

                     (b)  which consists of naturally occurring hydrocarbons, or a naturally occurring mixture of hydrocarbons and non‑hydrocarbons; and

                     (c)  the principal constituent of which is methane; and

                     (d)  which:

                              (i)  if it is to be used as a feedstock for conversion to another product—has been processed so that it is suitable for that use; or

                             (ii)  in any other case—has been processed so that it is suitable for direct consumption as energy.

Second Commissioner means a Second Commissioner of Taxation.

services means water, light, power, access, communications or other services.

shortfall interest charge means the charge worked out under Division 280 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

subsidiary has the meaning given by section 2B.

tax means tax imposed by the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Act 1987.

this Act includes:

                     (a)  the regulations; and

                     (b)  Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953, insofar as that Part relates to this Act.

transferable exploration expenditure in relation to a person and a financial year, means expenditure that is, according to the Schedule, transferable by the person in relation to the financial year.

Note 1:       the following provisions of the Schedule provide for expenditure to be transferable:

paragraph 7(b)

paragraph 8(5)(c)

paragraph 11(b)

paragraph 12(4)(c)

subclause 18(1)

subclause 18(2)

paragraph 18(3)(e).

Note 2:       Special rules apply in relation to the transfer of Greater Sunrise exploration expenditure: see Part 1A of the Schedule.

Tribunal means the Administrative Appeals Tribunal.

trustee includes:

                     (a)  a person appointed or constituted trustee by act of parties, by order or declaration of a court, or by operation of law; or

                     (b)  an executor, administrator or other personal representative of a deceased person; or

                     (c)  a guardian or committee; or

                     (d)  a receiver or receiver and manager; or

                     (e)  a liquidator of a company; or

                    (ea)  an administrator, within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001, of a company; or

                    (eb)  an administrator of a deed of company arrangement executed by a company under Part 5.3A of that Act; or

                      (f)  a person:

                              (i)  having or taking upon himself or herself the administration or control of any real or personal property affected by any express or implied trust;

                             (ii)  acting in any fiduciary capacity; or

                            (iii)  having the possession, control or management of any real or personal property of a person under any legal or other disability.

unincorporated association does not include a joint venture.

uplifted frontier expenditure has the meaning given by section 36C.

Western Greater Sunrise area has the same meaning as in the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006.

year of tax, in relation to a person in relation to a petroleum project, means a financial year commencing on or after the applicable commencement date, being:

                     (a)  except in a case to which paragraph (b) applies—the first financial year in which assessable petroleum receipts are derived by the person in relation to the project or a subsequent financial year; or

                     (b)  if the project is a combined project and the person has, in a financial year before the financial year in which the project combination certificate in relation to the project comes into force, derived assessable petroleum receipts in relation to any of the pre‑combination projects in relation to the combined project—the financial year in which the project combination certificate comes into force or a subsequent financial year.

2A  GDP factor

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, the GDP factor for a financial year is the number (calculated to 3 decimal places) worked out by dividing the GDP deflator for the financial year by the GDP deflator for the immediately preceding financial year.

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), the GDP deflator for a financial year is the Implicit Price Deflator for Expenditure on Gross Domestic Product first published by the Australian Statistician in respect of the financial year.

             (3)  If the Australian Statistician changes the reference base for the GDP deflator, then, for the purposes of the application of subsection (1) after the change takes place, regard must be had only to the GDP deflator in terms of the new reference base.

             (4)  Where the GDP factor worked out under subsection (1) for a financial year would, if it were calculated to 4 decimal places, end with a number greater than 4, the GDP factor worked out under that subsection for that financial year is taken to be the GDP factor calculated to 3 decimal places under that subsection and increased by 0.001.

2B  Group companies, subsidiaries, basic company groups and overall company groups

Group company—period

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a company is a group company in relation to another company and a period if:

                     (a)  one of the companies was a subsidiary of the other company; or

                     (b)  each of the companies was a subsidiary of the same company;

at all times during so much of the period during which both companies were in existence.

Group company—time

          (1A)  For the purposes of this Act, a company is a group company in relation to another company at a particular time if, at that time:

                     (a)  one of the companies was a subsidiary of the other company; or

                     (b)  each of the companies was a subsidiary of the same company.

Subsidiary

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, a company (in this subsection called the subsidiary company) is a subsidiary of another company (in this subsection called the holding company) at a particular time if, at that time:

                     (a)  all the shares in the subsidiary company are beneficially owned by:

                              (i)  the holding company; or

                             (ii)  a company that is, or 2 or more companies each of which is, a subsidiary of the holding company; or

                            (iii)  the holding company and a company that is, or 2 or more companies each of which is, a subsidiary of the holding company; and

                     (b)  there is no agreement, arrangement or understanding in force under which any person is able, or would be able after that time, to affect rights of the holding company or of a subsidiary of the holding company in relation to the subsidiary company.

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, where a company is a subsidiary of another company (including a company that is such a subsidiary by virtue of another application or other applications of this subsection), every company that is a subsidiary of the first‑mentioned company is also a subsidiary of the other company.

             (4)  For the purposes of subsection (2), a person is taken to be able to affect rights of a company in relation to another company if the person has a right, power or option (whether because of any provision in the constituent document of either of those companies or because of any agreement or instrument or otherwise) to acquire those rights or do an act or thing that would prevent the first‑mentioned company from exercising those rights for its own benefit or receiving any benefits occurring because of those rights.

Basic company group

          (4A)  For the purposes of this Act, a basic company group is a group of companies, where each company in the group is a group company in relation to each other company in the group.

Overall company group

          (4B)  For the purposes of this Act, an overall company group is a basic company group that is not a subset of any other basic company group.

When company in existence

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, a company is taken to be in existence if it has been incorporated and has not been dissolved.

2BA  Designated company groups

             (1)  This section sets out the method for identifying a designated company group for the purposes of this Act.

             (2)  First, identify a particular overall company group.

             (3)  Second, identify all of the members of the overall company group that are entitled to derive assessable receipts in relation to a petroleum project (whether or not the same petroleum project). These members constitute a provisional designated company group.

             (4)  Third, if the following conditions are satisfied in relation to a company (the key company):

                     (a)  the key company is a member of the provisional designated company group;

                     (b)  the key company is not a subsidiary of any other company in the provisional designated company group;

                     (c)  each other company in the provisional designated company group is a subsidiary of the key company;

then:

                     (d)  the provisional designated company group is a designated company group; and

                     (e)  the key company is the head company of that designated company group.

             (5)  Fourth, if:

                     (a)  subsection (4) does not apply; and

                     (b)  each company in the provisional designated company group is a subsidiary of another company (the key company) that:

                              (i)  is a member of the overall company group; and

                             (ii)  is not a member of the provisional designated company group;

then:

                     (c)  both:

                              (i)  the key company; and

                             (ii)  the members of the provisional designated company group;

                            constitute a designated company group; and

                     (d)  the key company is the head company of that designated company group.

             (6)  Subsection (5) has effect subject to subsection (7).

             (7)  If:

                     (a)  a designated company group is covered by subsection (5); and

                     (b)  the head company of the designated company group is a subsidiary of another company (the higher‑tier company); and

                     (c)  the higher‑tier company is a member of the overall company group; and

                     (d)  the higher‑tier company is not a member of the provisional designated company group;

there is taken not to be a designated company group of which:

                     (e)  the higher‑tier company is the head company; and

                      (f)  any member of the provisional designated company group is a member.

2C  Greater Sunrise apportionments

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, current apportionment percentage means the percentage applying from time to time under the definition of current apportionment percentage in subsection 286(4) of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, apportionment percentage figure, in relation to a year of tax, means:

                     (a)  if the current apportionment percentage did not change during the year of tax—the numerator of the fraction with a denominator of 100 that represents the current apportionment percentage that applied during that year; or

                     (b)  if the current apportionment percentage changed during the year of tax—means the amount worked out using the following formula:

                            where:

                            days in tax year means the number of days in the year of tax.

                            first % figure, in relation to a year of tax in which the current apportionment percentage changed, means the numerator of the fraction with a denominator of 100 that represents the current apportionment percentage applying before the change.

                            prior days, in relation to a year of tax in which the current apportionment percentage changed, means the number of days in that year before the current apportionment percentage changed.

                            second % figure, in relation to a year of tax in which the current apportionment percentage changed, means the numerator of the fraction with a denominator of 100 that represents the current apportionment percentage applying after the change.

                            subsequent days, in relation to a year of tax in which the current apportionment percentage changed, means the number of days in that year from and including the day on which the current apportionment percentage changed.

2D  Future closing‑down expenditure

             (1)  A person has future closing‑down expenditure in relation to a petroleum project if:

                     (a)  the project terminates on the cessation of one or more production licences; and

                     (b)  on that termination, an infrastructure licence comes into force, or continues in force, permitting the use of any part (the licensed property) of the operation, facilities and other things that comprised the project immediately before the termination; and

                     (c)  but for the continued use of the licensed property (as permitted by the infrastructure licence) after that termination, the person would have incurred closing‑down expenditure in relation to the project, with respect to the licensed property.

             (2)  The amount of the person’s future closing‑down expenditure is worked out as follows:

where:

bond rate is the long‑term bond rate in relation to the financial year during which the project terminates.

future closing‑down costs is the payments (not being excluded expenditure), whether of a capital or revenue nature, that the person would expect:

                     (a)  the person; or

                     (b)  another person who becomes responsible for carrying on operations involved in closing down the licensed property;

to be liable to make in carrying on operations involved in closing down the licensed property. It includes any environmental restoration as a consequence of closing down the licensed property.

years of operation is the number of years after the termination of the project over which the licensed property is expected to be used as permitted by the infrastructure licence.

             (3)  For the purposes of the definition of future closing‑down costs in subsection (2), if the person intends to make alterations or additions to the licensed property after the termination of the project, the payments referred to in that definition are to be disregarded to the extent that they relate to the alterations or additions.

             (4)  In subsection (2):

year means a period of 12 calendar months.

Example:    On the termination of a petroleum project and the coming into force of an infrastructure licence, a person has future closing‑down costs of $1 million. The licensed property is expected to be used as permitted by the infrastructure licence for 10 years, and the bond rate in relation to the financial year in question is 5%.

                   The amount of the person’s future closing‑down expenditure is:

3  Petroleum pools

                   Where, for the purposes of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006, petroleum recovered from a petroleum pool, within the meaning of that Act, is taken by Division 3 of Part 1.2 of that Act to have been recovered from a particular area or from particular areas in particular proportions, the petroleum shall be taken for the purposes of this Act to have been recovered from that area, or from those areas in those proportions, as the case may be.

4  Relationship between licences, permits and leases etc.

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act:

                     (a)  a production licence shall be taken to be related to an exploration permit if:

                              (i)  because of the grant of the production licence, the exploration permit ceased to be in force in respect of the block or blocks in respect of which the production licence was granted; or

                             (ii)  because of the grant of the production licence, a retention lease that was related to the exploration permit ceased to be in force in respect of the block or blocks in respect of which the production licence was granted;

                     (b)  a retention lease shall be taken to be related to an exploration permit if, because of the grant of the retention lease, the exploration permit ceased to be in force in respect of the block or blocks in respect of which the retention lease was granted;

                     (c)  a production licence shall be taken to be related to a retention lease if, because of the grant of the production licence, the retention lease ceased to be in force in respect of the block or blocks in respect of which the production licence was granted; and

                     (d)  where an exploration permit, retention lease or production licence (which permit, lease or licence is in this paragraph referred to as the original authority) is or was renewed, the renewed permit, lease or licence shall be taken to be a continuation of the original authority notwithstanding that the renewal may not have been granted in respect of all of the blocks in respect of which the original authority was granted.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act:

                     (a)  a production licence is derived from an exploration permit if the licence is related to the permit because of subparagraph (1)(a)(i); and

                     (b)  a production licence is derived from a retention lease if the licence is related to the lease.

5  Petroleum exploration and recovery in relation to certain areas

Pre‑1 July 2008 petroleum project

             (1)  For the purposes of the application of this Act (including this section) to a pre‑1 July 2008 petroleum project, a reference to exploration for petroleum in, or recovery of petroleum from, a production licence area, an exploration permit area or a retention lease area is a reference to exploration for petroleum in, or recovery of petroleum from, the production licence area, the exploration permit area or the retention lease area while the production licence, exploration permit or retention lease concerned is or was in force.

             (2)  For the purposes of the application of this Act to a pre‑1 July 2008 petroleum project, a reference to exploration for petroleum in, or recovery of petroleum from, the eligible exploration or recovery area in relation to a petroleum project is a reference to exploration for petroleum in, or recovery of petroleum from:

                     (a)  where the production licence or any production licence in relation to the project is a permit derived production licence—the exploration permit area in relation to the exploration permit to which the production licence is related (being exploration or recovery occurring either before or after the production licence came into force but not after marketable petroleum commodities cease, otherwise than temporarily, to be produced in relation to the project);

                     (b)  where the production licence or any production licence in relation to the project is a lease derived production licence—the retention lease area in relation to the retention lease to which the production licence is related (being exploration or recovery occurring either before or after the production licence came into force but not after marketable petroleum commodities cease, otherwise than temporarily, to be produced in relation to the project); and

                     (c)  the production licence area of the production licence, or the production licence areas of the production licences, in respect of the project.

             (3)  For the purposes of subsections (1) and (2), where, at a time when no permit derived production licence in relation to an exploration permit is in force, a retention lease that is related to the exploration permit comes into force, any exploration for, or recovery of, petroleum that occurred while the exploration permit was in force in the block or blocks in respect of which the retention lease was granted and during the period:

                     (a)  where paragraph (b) does not apply—before the retention lease came into force; or

                     (b)  where, before the retention lease came into force, a permit derived production licence, or permit derived production licences, in relation to the exploration permit were in force—after that production licence or all of those production licences, as the case may be, ceased to be in force and before the retention lease came into force;

shall be taken to have occurred in the retention lease area and not in the exploration permit area notwithstanding that the retention lease was not in force at that time.

             (4)  For the purposes of subsection (2), where, but for this subsection, the same exploration for petroleum or recovery of petroleum would be exploration for petroleum in, or recovery of petroleum from, the exploration permit area or the retention lease area in relation to 2 or more production licences, the exploration or recovery shall be taken to relate only to the production licence that first came into force.

Post‑30 June 2008 petroleum project

             (5)  For the purposes of the application of this Act (including this section) to a post‑30 June 2008 petroleum project, a reference to exploration for petroleum in, or recovery of petroleum from, a production licence area, an exploration permit area or a retention lease area is a reference to exploration for petroleum in, or recovery of petroleum from, the production licence area, the exploration permit area or the retention lease area while the production licence, exploration permit or retention lease concerned is or was in force.

             (6)  For the purposes of the application of this Act to a post‑30 June 2008 petroleum project, a reference to exploration for petroleum in, or recovery of petroleum from, the eligible exploration or recovery area in relation to a petroleum project is a reference to:

                     (a)  if the production licence, or any production licence, in relation to the project is a production licence (in this paragraph called the current production licence) derived from an exploration permit (in this paragraph called the prior exploration permit)—exploration for petroleum in, or recovery of petroleum from, the exploration permit area of the prior exploration permit, where the exploration or recovery occurred:

                              (i)  before the current production licence came into force; and

                             (ii)  if, before the current production licence came into force, there came into force one or more retention leases, or one or more other production licences, derived from the prior exploration permit—after whichever of those retention leases or other production licences last came into force before the current production licence came into force; and

                     (b)  if the production licence, or any production licence, in relation to the project is a production licence (in this paragraph called the current production licence) derived from a retention lease (in this paragraph called the prior retention lease)—exploration for petroleum in, or recovery of petroleum from, the retention lease area of the prior retention lease, where the exploration or recovery occurred before the current production licence came into force; and

                     (c)  if:

                              (i)  the production licence, or any production licence, in relation to the project is a production licence (in this paragraph called the current production licence) derived from a retention lease (in this paragraph called the prior retention lease); and

                             (ii)  the prior retention lease was derived from an exploration permit (in this paragraph called the prior exploration permit);

                            exploration for petroleum in, or recovery of petroleum from, the exploration permit area of the prior exploration permit, where the exploration or recovery occurred:

                            (iii)  before the prior retention lease came into force; and

                            (iv)  if, before the prior retention lease came into force, there came into force one or more other production licences, or one or more other retention leases, derived from the prior exploration permit—after whichever of those other retention leases or other production licences last came into force before the prior retention lease came into force; and

                     (d)  exploration for petroleum in, or recovery of petroleum from, the production licence area of the production licence, or the production licence areas of the production licences, in respect of the project.

             (7)  If:

                     (a)  paragraph (6)(c) applies to a post‑30 June 2008 petroleum project; and

                     (b)  the prior retention lease mentioned in that paragraph is one of a set of 2 or more retention leases that:

                              (i)  came into force at the same time; and

                             (ii)  were derived from the prior exploration permit mentioned in that paragraph; and

                     (c)  the production licence, or the production licences, in relation to one or more other post‑30 June 2008 petroleum projects were derived from one or more of the retention leases included in the set mentioned in paragraph (b) of this subsection; and

                     (d)  exploration expenditure incurred in relation to the petroleum project mentioned in paragraph (a) of this subsection is attributable to exploration for petroleum in, or recovery of petroleum from, the exploration permit area of the prior exploration permit;

then, for the purposes of the application of this Act to the petroleum project mentioned in paragraph (a) of this subsection, the amount of the exploration expenditure mentioned in paragraph (d) of this subsection is taken to be the amount worked out using the following formula:

where:

number of retention leases relating to the petroleum project mentioned in paragraph (a) of this subsection means the number of retention leases:

                     (a)  from which the production licence, or the production licences, in relation to the petroleum project mentioned in paragraph (a) of this subsection were derived; and

                     (b)  that are included in the set mentioned in paragraph (b) of this subsection.

total number of retention leases means the number of retention leases that are included in the set mentioned in paragraph (b) of this subsection.

unadjusted amount of exploration expenditure means the amount that, apart from this subsection, is the amount of the exploration expenditure mentioned in paragraph (d) of this subsection.

6  Termination of use of property in relation to a petroleum project

                   For the purposes of this Act:

                     (a)  a termination of the use of all property in relation to a petroleum project shall be taken to occur where the production licence or all of the production licences in relation to the project cease to be in force; and

                     (b)  no termination of the use of property in relation to a petroleum project shall be taken to occur by reason of the specifying of the production licence or production licences in relation to the project in a project combination certificate.

7  Property installed ready for use

                   Where property is installed ready for use for a purpose and held in reserve, the property shall, for the purposes of this Act, be taken to be being used for that purpose.

8  Consideration not in cash

                   For the purposes of this Act, where, upon any transaction, any consideration is liable to be given by way of the provision of property (other than money), the money value of that consideration shall be deemed to have been liable to be given.

9  Amounts credited, reinvested etc. to be taken to be receivable

                   An amount shall be taken to have been receivable by a person although it is not actually to be paid over to the person but is to be reinvested, accumulated, capitalised, carried to any reserve, sinking fund or insurance fund however designated, or otherwise dealt with on behalf of the person or as the person directs.

10  Translation of amounts into Australian currency

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, an amount in a foreign currency is to be translated into Australian currency.

Examples of an amount

             (2)  The following are examples of an amount:

                     (a)  an amount of an expense;

                     (b)  an amount of an obligation;

                     (c)  an amount of a liability;

                     (d)  an amount of a receipt;

                     (e)  an amount of a payment;

                      (f)  an amount of consideration;

                     (g)  a value.

Translation rule—assessable receipt

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a person derives an assessable receipt in relation to a petroleum project; and

                     (b)  the receipt is in a foreign currency;

the receipt is to be translated into Australian currency at the exchange rate applicable at the time when the receipt is derived.

Translation rule—deductible expenditure

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a person incurs deductible expenditure in relation to a petroleum project; and

                     (b)  the expenditure is in a foreign currency;

the expenditure is to be translated into Australian currency at the exchange rate applicable at the time when the expenditure is incurred.

Translation rule—transfer of entire entitlement to assessable receipts

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  section 48 applies in relation to a transaction; and

                     (b)  a person is a purchaser (within the meaning of section 48) in relation to the transaction; and

                     (c)  the person is taken, under section 48, to have derived or incurred an amount; and

                     (d)  the vendor (within the meaning of section 48) in relation to the transaction has made an election under section 58B (functional currency); and

                     (e)  the election is in effect for the year of tax in which the transfer time (within the meaning of section 48) occurred; and

                      (f)  the amount is in the vendor’s applicable functional currency;

the amount is to be translated from the applicable functional currency into Australian currency at the exchange rate applicable at the transfer time (within the meaning of section 48).

Translation rule—transfer of part of entitlement to assessable receipts

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  section 48A applies in relation to a transaction; and

                     (b)  a person is a purchaser (within the meaning of section 48A) in relation to the transaction; and

                     (c)  the person is taken, under section 48A, to have derived or incurred an amount; and

                     (d)  the vendor (within the meaning of section 48A) in relation to the transaction has made an election under section 58B (functional currency); and

                     (e)  the election is in effect for the year of tax in which the transfer time (within the meaning of section 48A) occurred; and

                      (f)  the amount is in the vendor’s applicable functional currency;

the amount is to be translated from the applicable functional currency into Australian currency at the exchange rate applicable at the transfer time (within the meaning of section 48A).

Operation of functional currency provisions unaffected

             (7)  This section does not affect the operation of Division 7 of Part V (functional currency).

11  Residence

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a person shall be taken to have been a non‑resident at a particular time if the person was not a resident of Australia at that time.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, a person shall be taken to have been a resident of Australia at a particular time if:

                     (a)  in the case of a natural person:

                              (i)  the person resided in Australia at that time; or

                             (ii)  except in a case where the Commissioner is satisfied that that person’s permanent place of residence at that time was outside Australia—the person was domiciled in Australia at that time;

                     (b)  in the case of a body corporate:

                              (i)  the body was incorporated in Australia at that time; or

                             (ii)  at that time the body corporate carried on business in Australia and:

                                        (A)  had its central management and control in Australia; or

                                        (B)  had its voting power controlled by shareholders who were residents of Australia; or

                     (c)  in the case of a partnership or an unincorporated association—any member of the partnership or association was a resident of Australia at that time by virtue of paragraph (a) or (b).

12  Partnerships

             (1)  Subject to this section, this Act applies to a partnership as if the partnership were a person.

             (2)  Where, but for this subsection, an obligation would be imposed on a partnership by virtue of the operation of subsection (1), the obligation is imposed on each partner, but may be discharged by any of the partners.

             (3)  Where, by virtue of the operation of subsection (1), an amount is payable under this Act by a partnership, the partners are jointly and severally liable to pay that amount.

             (4)  Where, by virtue of the operation of subsection (1), an offence against this Act is deemed to have been committed by a partnership, that offence shall be deemed to have been committed by each of the partners.

             (5)  In a prosecution of a person for an offence by virtue of this section, it is a defence if the person proves that the person:

                     (a)  did not aid, abet, counsel or procure the act or omission by virtue of which the offence is deemed to have been committed; and

                     (b)  was not in any way, by act or omission, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, the act or omission by virtue of which the offence is deemed to have been committed.

             (6)  A reference in this section to this Act includes a reference to Part III of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 to the extent to which that Part of that Act relates to this Act.

13  Unincorporated associations

             (1)  Subject to this section, this Act applies to an unincorporated association as if the association were a person.

             (2)  Where, but for this subsection, an obligation would be imposed on an unincorporated association by virtue of the operation of subsection (1), the obligation is imposed on each member of the committee of management of the association, but may be discharged by any of those members.

             (3)  Where, by virtue of the operation of subsection (1), an offence against this Act is deemed to have been committed by an unincorporated association, that offence shall be deemed to have been committed by each member of the committee of management of the association.

             (4)  In a prosecution of a person for an offence by virtue of this section, it is a defence if the person proves that the person:

                     (a)  did not aid, abet, counsel or procure the act or omission by virtue of which the offence is deemed to have been committed; and

                     (b)  was not in any way, by act or omission, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, the act or omission by virtue of which the offence is deemed to have been committed.

             (5)  A reference in this section to this Act includes a reference to Part III of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 to the extent to which that Part of that Act relates to this Act.

14  Application of Act

             (1)  This Act extends to every external Territory and, except so far as the contrary intention appears, to acts, omissions, matters and things outside Australia, whether or not in a foreign country.

             (2)  Except where otherwise expressly provided, this Act extends to matters and things whether occurring before or after the commencement of this Act.

             (3)  In subsection (1), a reference to this Act includes a reference to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 to the extent to which that Act relates to this Act.


 

Part IIIAdministration

  

15  General administration of Act

                   The Commissioner has the general administration of this Act.

16  Annual report

             (1)  The Commissioner shall, as soon as practicable after 30 June in each year, prepare and furnish to the Minister a report on the working of this Act, including any breaches or evasions of this Act of which the Commissioner has notice.

             (2)  The Minister shall cause a copy of a report furnished under subsection (1) to be laid before each House of the Parliament within 15 sitting days of that House after the day on which the Minister receives the report.

             (3)  For the purposes of section 34C of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901, a report that is required by subsection (1) to be furnished as soon as practicable after 30 June in a year shall be taken to be a periodic report relating to the working of this Act during the year ending on that 30 June.

17  Secrecy

             (1)  In this section, officer means a person:

                     (a)  who is or has been appointed or employed by the Commonwealth; or

                     (b)  to whom powers or functions have been delegated by the Commissioner;

and who, by reason of the appointment or employment or in the course of the employment, or by reason of, or in the course of the exercise of powers or the performance of functions under, the delegation, as the case may be, may acquire or has acquired information with respect to the affairs of any other person disclosed or obtained under or for the purposes of this Act.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, a person who, although not appointed or employed by the Commonwealth, performs services for the Commonwealth shall be taken to be employed by the Commonwealth.

             (3)  Subject to subsection (5), a person who is or has been an officer shall not directly or indirectly:

                     (a)  make a record of any information with respect to the affairs of a second person; or

                     (b)  divulge or communicate to a second person any information with respect to the affairs of a third person;

being information disclosed or obtained under or for the purposes of this Act and acquired by the first‑mentioned person by reason of that person’s appointment or employment by the Commonwealth or in the course of such employment, or by reason of the delegation to that person of powers or functions by the Commissioner, or in the course of the exercise of such powers or performance of such functions, as the case may be.

Penalty:  100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

          (3A)  Subsection (3) does not apply to the extent that the person makes the record of the information, or divulges or communicates the information, for the purposes of this Act or in the performance of the person’s duties as an officer.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (3A), see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

             (4)  Except where it is necessary to do so for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of this Act, a person who is or has been an officer shall not be required:

                     (a)  to produce in court any document made or given under or for the purposes of this Act; or

                     (b)  to divulge or communicate to a court a matter or thing with respect to information disclosed or obtained under or for the purposes of this Act;

being a document or information acquired by the person by reason of the person’s appointment or employment by the Commonwealth or in the course of such employment, or by reason of the delegation to the person of powers or functions by the Commissioner, or in the course of the exercise of such powers or the performance of such functions, as the case may be.

             (5)  Nothing in subsection (3) shall be taken to prohibit the Commissioner, a Deputy Commissioner or a person authorised by the Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner from communicating any information to:

                     (a)  the Tribunal in connection with proceedings under an Act of which the Commissioner has the general administration; or

                     (b)  a person performing, as an officer, duties arising under an Act of which the Commissioner has the general administration, or regulations under such an Act, for the purpose of enabling the person to perform those duties.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (5), see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

             (6)  For the purposes of subsection (3), an officer shall be deemed to have communicated information to another person in contravention of that subsection if the officer communicates the information to any Minister.

             (7)  An officer shall, if and when required by the Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner to do so, make an oath or declaration, in a manner and form specified by the Commissioner in writing, to maintain secrecy in conformity with the provisions of this section.

18  Application of Part in relation to section 20

             (1)  Subject to this section, this Part applies as if section 20 did not form part of this Act.

             (2)  Nothing in subsection 17(3) shall be taken to prohibit the Commissioner, a Deputy Commissioner or a person authorised by the Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner from communicating, for the purposes of section 20, any information to the Resources Minister or an officer of the Resources Department authorised by the Minister.

             (3)  Where information is communicated under subsection (2) to an officer authorised by the Resources Minister, that officer and any other officer of that Department shall, in respect of that information, be subject to the same rights, privileges, obligations and liabilities under subsections 17(3) and (4) as if the officer were an officer within the meaning of those subsections and the information were information to which those subsections applied.


 

Part IVPetroleum projects

  

19  Petroleum project

             (1)  Subject to subsection (1A), for the purposes of this Act, where an eligible production licence is in force and is not specified in a project combination certificate that is in force, there shall be taken to be a petroleum project in relation to the eligible production licence.

          (1A)  For the purposes of this Act, there is taken to be a single petroleum project in relation to all production licences that are related to the Bass Strait exploration permit and that are in force from time to time, unless those licences are specified in a project combination certificate that is in force.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, where 2 or more eligible production licences are specified in a project combination certificate that is in force, there shall be taken to be a petroleum project in relation to such of the eligible production licences as are in force.

          (2A)  If:

                     (a)  the production licences that are related to the Bass Strait exploration permit are specified in a project combination certificate; and

                     (b)  another production licence that is related to the Bass Strait exploration permit comes into force at a time when the project combination certificate is in force;

the certificate has effect after that time as if the production licence referred to in paragraph (b) were specified in the certificate.

          (2B)  For the purposes of this Act, there shall be taken to be included, as part of any petroleum project within the meaning of subsection (1) or (2), the carrying on of any processing of external petroleum wholly or partly using the operations, facilities and other things comprising the project:

                     (a)  in the case of an eligible production licence referred to in subsection (1)—while that licence is in force; or

                     (b)  in the case of 2 or more eligible production licences referred to in subsection (2)—while any of those licences are in force.

Note:          Under subsection (4), the operations, facilities and other things comprising the project are limited to those used in relation to petroleum recovered from the one or more production licence areas in relation to the project.

          (2C)  For the purposes of this Act, there is taken to be included, as part of any petroleum project within the meaning of subsection (1) or (2), the carrying on of any processing of internal petroleum wholly or partly using the operations, facilities and other things comprising the project:

                     (a)  in the case of an eligible production licence referred to in subsection (1)—while that licence is in force; or

                     (b)  in the case of 2 or more eligible production licences referred to in subsection (2)—while any of those licences are in force.

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, where any one or more, but not all, of the eligible production licences specified in a project combination certificate that is in force ceases to be in force, the combined project shall be taken to continue to exist in relation to the eligible production licence or eligible production licences that remain in force.

             (4)  For the purposes of this Act, a reference to the operations, facilities and other things comprising a petroleum project is a reference to:

                     (a)  operations and facilities for the recovery of petroleum from the production licence area or production licence areas in relation to the project; and

                     (b)  such of the following as are carried on or provided:

                              (i)  operations and facilities involved in moving petroleum so recovered between any storage or processing facilities prior to the production of any marketable petroleum commodity from the petroleum;

                             (ii)  operations and facilities involved in the storage, processing or treatment of petroleum so recovered to produce any marketable petroleum commodity from the petroleum;

                            (iii)  operations and facilities involved in the moving or storage of any such marketable petroleum commodity before it becomes an excluded commodity;

                            (iv)  services, or facilities for the provision of services, in connection with the operations, facilities, amenities and services referred to in this section;

                             (v)  employee amenities in connection with the operations, facilities and services referred to in this section.

20  Combining of petroleum projects

             (1)  Subject to this section, where within the qualifying period in relation to an eligible production licence, the Resources Minister, whether on application, request or otherwise, having regard to:

                     (a)  the respective operations, facilities and other things that comprise, have comprised or will comprise the petroleum project in relation to the eligible production licence and any other petroleum project or projects existing at the time at which the eligible production licence came into force; and

                     (b)  the persons by whom or on whose behalf the operations, facilities and other things referred to in paragraph (a) are being, have been or are proposed to be carried on or provided; and

                     (c)  the geological, geophysical and geochemical and other features of the production licence areas in relation to the projects;

considers that the projects are sufficiently related to be treated for the purposes of this Act as a single petroleum project, the Minister must issue a certificate under this subsection specifying the eligible production licence or eligible production licences in relation to each of the projects.

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), the qualifying period in relation to an eligible production licence is:

                     (a)  the period of 90 days after the licence comes into force or the commencement of this Act, whichever is the later; or

                     (b)  where, within the period referred to in paragraph (a), the Resources Minister receives any information, application or request relevant to the exercise of the powers of the Minister under subsection (1) in relation to the eligible production licence, such longer period (if any) as is necessary to enable the Minister adequately to consider that information, application or request.

             (3)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(a):

                     (a)  a reference to operations, facilities and other things that have comprised a petroleum project includes, in the case of a combined project, a reference to operations, facilities and other things that have comprised the pre‑combination projects in relation to the project; and

                     (b)  a reference to operations, facilities and other things that will comprise a petroleum project is a reference to operations, facilities and other things that are proposed, by the registered holders of, and the holders of registered interests in, the production licence or licences in relation to the project, to comprise the project.

             (4)  The Minister shall not accept or comply with any application or request (other than from an officer in the performance of his or her duties) for the issue of a certificate under subsection (1) in respect of petroleum projects unless the application or request is from a person who is, or from persons who together are, entitled to receive at least half of the receipts from the sale of marketable petroleum commodities produced in relation to each of the projects.

             (5)  A certificate under subsection (1) shall not be repealed, rescinded, revoked, amended or varied otherwise than:

                     (a)  under subsection (8);

                     (b)  pursuant to a decision of the Tribunal or an order of a court; or

                     (c)  to correct an error in the certificate.

             (6)  A certificate under subsection (1) shall come into force on the issue of the certificate and continue in force until the issue of a subsequent certificate under that subsection specifying eligible production licences that include such of the eligible production licences specified in the first‑mentioned certificate as are in force at the time when the subsequent certificate is issued.

             (7)  Where, in deciding whether or not to issue a certificate under subsection (1) specifying 2 or more eligible production licences, the Resources Minister has reasonable grounds to believe that an operation, facility or other thing is being, has been or is proposed to be carried on or provided, or is being, has been or is proposed to be carried on or provided in a particular manner or by particular persons, for the sole or dominant purpose of obtaining the issue of the certificate, the Minister must disregard the carrying on or provision of the operation, facility or thing.

             (8)  Where, after the issue of a certificate under subsection (1), it appears to the Resources Minister that, having regard to information that was not available to the Minister at the time of issue of the certificate, the certificate would not, by reason of the application of subsection (7), have been issued if the Minister had been aware of the information at the time of issue of the certificate, the Minister must cancel the certificate and upon the cancellation the certificate shall be deemed never to have been issued.

             (9)  The Minister must:

                     (a)  within 30 days after the issue of a certificate under subsection (1) or the cancellation under subsection (8) of such a certificate, arrange for notice in writing of the issue or cancellation:

                              (i)  to be sent to the holder or holders of the production licences concerned and to the Commissioner; and

                             (ii)  to be published in the Gazette; and

                     (b)  within 30 days after making a decision to refuse an application or request for the issue of a certificate under subsection (1), arrange for notice in writing of the decision to be sent to the person or persons making the application or request.

           (10)  A notice under subsection (9) shall include a statement to the effect that, subject to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975, application may be made to the Tribunal for review of the decision to issue or cancel the certificate, or to refuse the application or request, as the case may be, by or on behalf of the person or persons whose interests are affected by the decision.

           (11)  Any failure to comply with the requirement of subsection (10) in relation to a decision does not affect the validity of the decision.

           (12)  Application may be made to the Tribunal for a review of:

                     (a)  a decision of the Resources Minister to issue a certificate under subsection (1); or

                     (b)  a decision of the Minister refusing an application or request to issue such a certificate; or

                     (c)  a decision of the Minister under subsection (8) to cancel such a certificate.


 

Part VLiability to taxation

Division 1Liability to tax on taxable profit

21  Liability to pay tax

                   Subject to this Act, tax imposed in respect of the taxable profit of a person of a year of tax in relation to a petroleum project is payable by the person.

22  Taxable profit

             (1)  Where, in relation to a petroleum project and a year of tax, the assessable receipts derived by a person exceed the sum of:

                     (a)  the deductible expenditure incurred by the person; and

                     (b)  the total of the amounts (if any) transferred by the person to the project in relation to the year of tax under section 45A; and

                     (c)  the total of the amounts (if any) transferred by another person to the person in relation to the project and the year of tax under section 45B;

the person is taken for the purposes of this Act to have a taxable profit in relation to the project and the year of tax of an amount equal to the excess.

Note:          because of subsection 45D(2), some transfers of expenditure are taken to be transfers of amounts compounded in accordance with Part 7 of the Schedule.

Allowing for Greater Sunrise apportionments

             (2)  However, if the petroleum project is a Greater Sunrise project, the person is taken for the purposes of this Act to have a taxable profit in relation to the project and the year of tax of an amount worked out using the following formula:

where:

apportionment percentage figure has the meaning given by subsection 2C(2).

initial taxable profit means the amount of taxable profit worked out under subsection (1) ignoring this subsection.


 

Division 2Assessable receipts

22B  Effect of GST etc. on assessable receipts

             (1)  For the purposes of this Division, a reference to consideration receivable, to value receivable or to an amount receivable does not include an amount equal to:

                     (a)  any GST payable on the supply for which the consideration, value or amount was receivable; or

                     (b)  any increasing adjustments that relate to that supply.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Division, a reference to the sale price of property does not include an amount equal to:

                     (a)  any GST payable on the sale; or

                     (b)  any increasing adjustments that relate to that sale.

             (3)  For the purposes of this Division, a reference to expenses payable in relation to a sale does not include an amount equal to:

                     (a)  any input tax credit to which you are entitled; or

                     (b)  any decreasing adjustment that you have;

in relation to those expenses.

23  Assessable receipts

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, but subject to subsections (2) and (3), a reference to the assessable receipts derived by a person in a financial year in relation to a petroleum project (not being an ineligible project in relation to the financial year) is a reference to the total receipts of the following kinds, whether of a capital or revenue nature, derived by the person in the financial year in relation to the project:

                     (a)  assessable petroleum receipts;

                    (aa)  assessable tolling receipts;

                     (b)  assessable exploration recovery receipts;

                     (c)  assessable property receipts;

                     (d)  assessable miscellaneous compensation receipts;

                     (e)  assessable employee amenities receipts.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, the assessable receipts derived by a person in a financial year in relation to a combined project (not being an ineligible project in relation to the financial year) shall include any amounts of a kind referred to in paragraphs (1)(a) to (e) (inclusive) derived by the person during the financial year in relation to the pre‑combination projects in relation to the combined project.

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, assessable receipts, in relation to a Greater Sunrise project, are to be calculated as if each amount of the petroleum recovered from a Greater Sunrise unit reservoir became the property of the person who recovered that amount as soon as it was recovered.

             (4)  Subsection (3) has effect despite subsection 286(2) of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006.

24  Assessable petroleum receipts

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a reference to assessable petroleum receipts derived by a person in relation to a petroleum project is a reference to:

                     (a)  where any petroleum from the project is or was sold, whether processed or unprocessed, before any marketable petroleum commodity is or was produced from it—the consideration receivable, less any expenses payable, by the person in relation to the sale; and

                     (b)  where any marketable petroleum commodity (other than sales gas to which paragraph (d) applies) produced from petroleum from the project becomes or became an excluded commodity by virtue of being sold—the consideration receivable, less any expenses payable, by the person in relation to the sale; and

                     (c)  where any marketable petroleum commodity (other than sales gas to which paragraph (e) applies) produced from petroleum from the project becomes or became an excluded commodity otherwise than by virtue of being:

                              (i)  sold; or

                             (ii)  treated or processed, or moved, for re‑injection or destruction or for use in carrying on or providing operations, facilities or other things of a kind referred to in section 37, 38 or 39 in relation to the petroleum project;

                            so much of the market value of the commodity immediately before it becomes or became an excluded commodity, or, where there is insufficient evidence of that market value, of such amount as, in the opinion of the Commissioner, is fair and reasonable, as is taken by section 26 to be derived by the person; and

                     (d)  where:

                              (i)  any sales gas produced from petroleum from the project becomes or became an excluded commodity by virtue of being sold; and

                             (ii)  the sale is a non‑arm’s length transaction; and

                            (iii)  the regulations apply to the sales gas;

                            the amount worked out in accordance with the regulations; and

                     (e)  where the regulations apply to any sales gas produced from petroleum from the project, and that sales gas becomes or became an excluded commodity otherwise than by virtue of being:

                              (i)  sold; or

                             (ii)  treated or processed, or moved, for re‑injection or destruction or for use in carrying on or providing operations, facilities or other things of a kind referred to in section 37, 38 or 39 in relation to the petroleum project;

                            the amount worked out in accordance with the regulations.

             (2)  In this section:

non‑arm’s length transaction means a transaction where the Commissioner, having regard to any connection between the parties to the transaction or to any other relevant circumstances, is satisfied that the parties to the transaction are not dealing with each other at arm’s length in relation to the transaction.

petroleum from the project means any petroleum or a constituent of petroleum:

                     (a)  that is recovered from the production licence area or areas in relation to the petroleum project in question; or

                     (b)  that is external petroleum in relation to the project.

24A  Assessable tolling receipts

                   For the purposes of this Act, a reference to assessable tolling receipts derived by a person in relation to a petroleum project is a reference to the consideration receivable by the person in relation to the processing of external petroleum, or internal petroleum, in relation to the project.

25  Assessable exploration recovery receipts

                   For the purposes of this Act, a reference to assessable exploration recovery receipts derived by a person in relation to a petroleum project is a reference to:

                     (a)  where any petroleum, or a constituent of petroleum, recovered from the eligible exploration or recovery area (other than any production licence area) in relation to the project is or was sold, whether processed or unprocessed, before any marketable petroleum commodity is or was produced from it—the consideration receivable, less any expenses payable, by the person in relation to the sale;

                     (b)  where any marketable petroleum commodity produced from petroleum recovered from the area to which paragraph (a) applies becomes or became an excluded commodity by virtue of being sold—the consideration receivable, less any expenses payable, by the person in relation to the sale; and

                     (c)  where any marketable petroleum commodity produced from petroleum recovered from the area to which paragraph (a) applies becomes or became an excluded commodity otherwise than by virtue of being:

                              (i)  sold; or

                             (ii)  treated or processed, or moved, for re‑injection or destruction or for use in carrying on or providing operations, facilities or other things of a kind referred to in section 37, 38 or 39 in relation to the petroleum project;

                            so much of the market value of the commodity immediately before it becomes or became an excluded commodity, or, where there is insufficient evidence of that market value, of such amount as, in the opinion of the Commissioner, is fair and reasonable, as is taken by section 26 to be derived by the person.

26  Amounts notionally derived where no sale of petroleum etc.

                   Where paragraph 24(1)(c), 24(1)(e) or 25(c) applies in relation to any marketable petroleum commodity, the market value or other amount referred to in that paragraph in relation to the marketable petroleum commodity shall, for the purposes of this Act, be taken to have been derived by the person or persons entitled to receive receipts from the sale of marketable petroleum commodities produced in relation to the project and, where there are 2 or more such persons, in the same respective shares as those persons are or were entitled to receive those receipts.

27  Assessable property receipts

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a reference to assessable property receipts derived by a person in relation to a petroleum project is a reference to:

                     (a)  the consideration receivable by the person in respect of the disposal, loss or destruction of property in respect of which capital expenditure being eligible real expenditure in relation to the project (including in the case of a combined project any pre‑combination project in relation to the project) was incurred by the person;

                     (b)  the value of property in respect of which capital expenditure of a kind referred to in paragraph (a) was incurred by the person, as at the date of any other termination of the use of the property in relation to the project;

                     (c)  the amount or value receivable by the person under a policy of insurance or otherwise in respect of damage to property in respect of which capital expenditure of a kind referred to in paragraph (a) was incurred by the person;

                     (d)  any amount receivable by the person from the hiring or leasing out of, or the granting of rights to use, property that is or was also being used in relation to the project, being property in respect of which capital expenditure of a kind referred to in paragraph (a) was incurred by the person; or

                     (e)  any amount receivable by the person from the provision of information obtained:

                              (i)  from any survey, appraisal or study in respect of which eligible real expenditure in relation to the project (including in the case of a combined project any pre‑combination project in relation to the project) was incurred by the person; or

                             (ii)  otherwise as a result of the incurring by the person of such expenditure.

             (2)  In paragraph (1)(a), a reference to the consideration in respect of the disposal, loss or destruction of property is a reference to:

                     (a)  where the property is or was sold (whether with or without other property) for a specified price—the sale price of the property, less the expenses of the sale of the property, or less such part of the expenses of the sale of the property together with the other property as the Commissioner determines;

                     (b)  where the property is or was sold with other property and a specified price is or was not allocated to the property—such part of the total sale price, less the expenses of the sale, as the Commissioner determines;

                     (c)  where the property is or was disposed of otherwise than by sale—the value of the property at the date of disposal; or

                     (d)  where the property is or was lost or destroyed—the amount or value receivable under a policy of insurance or otherwise in respect of the loss or destruction.

             (3)  Any future closing‑down expenditure in relation to licensed property and a petroleum project must be taken into account in working out the assessable property receipts derived by a person in relation to the project to the extent that the assessable property receipts are worked out under paragraph (1)(b) in relation to the termination of the use of the licensed property.

             (4)  Assessable property receipts worked out under paragraph (1)(b) are taken to be zero if future closing‑down expenditure taken into account under subsection (3) equals or exceeds what would have been those assessable property receipts if the future closing‑down expenditure was not taken into account.

Note:          In this case, an extra amount may be included in the person’s closing‑down expenditure in relation to the project: see subsection 39(3).

28  Assessable miscellaneous compensation receipts

                   For the purposes of this Act, a reference to assessable miscellaneous compensation receipts derived by a person in relation to a petroleum project is a reference to amounts of the following kinds:

                     (a)  amounts receivable by the person by way of insurance, compensation or indemnity in respect of:

                              (i)  the loss or destruction, or the loss of any profit caused by the loss or destruction, of any petroleum, or constituent of petroleum, recovered or recoverable from the eligible exploration or recovery area in relation to the project (including in the case of a combined project any pre‑combination project in relation to the project), being a loss or destruction that occurred before a marketable petroleum commodity had been produced from the petroleum;

                             (ii)  the loss or destruction, or the loss of any profit caused by the loss or destruction, of any marketable petroleum commodity produced from petroleum recovered from the area referred to in subparagraph (i), being a loss or destruction that occurred before the commodity became an excluded commodity; or

                            (iii)  the loss of any amount that would otherwise have been an assessable receipt derived by the person in relation to the project;

                     (b)  amounts receivable by the person in respect of eligible real expenditure incurred by the person in relation to the project (including in the case of a combined project any pre‑combination project in relation to the project), being amounts by way of:

                              (i)  indemnity or compensation for the incurring of the expenditure;

                             (ii)  refund of the expenditure; or

                            (iii)  rebate, discount or commission in respect of the expenditure.

29  Assessable employee amenities receipts

                   For the purposes of this Act, a reference to assessable employee amenities receipts derived by a person in relation to a petroleum project is a reference to amounts receivable by the person for or in respect of the provision of employee amenities in respect of which eligible real expenditure in relation to the project (including in the case of a combined project any pre‑combination project in relation to the project) was incurred by the person.

30  Reduction of amount of assessable property etc. receipts

                   Where:

                     (a)  but for this section, a person would, in relation to a petroleum project, derive for the purposes of this Act an amount (in this section referred to as the assessable amount) of assessable property receipts, assessable miscellaneous compensation receipts or assessable employee amenities receipts in relation to property in respect of which eligible real expenditure was incurred by the person in relation to the project; and

                     (b)  the Commissioner considers that, because section 42 applied in relation to the eligible real expenditure or for any other reason, a proportion only of the assessable amount is attributable to the eligible real expenditure;

the person shall be taken for the purposes of this Act to have derived only that proportion of the assessable amount.

31  Time of derivation of receipts

                   For the purposes of this Act:

                     (a)  assessable petroleum receipts;

                     (b)  assessable exploration recovery receipts;

                     (c)  assessable property receipts;

                     (d)  assessable miscellaneous compensation receipts; or

                     (e)  assessable employee amenities receipts;

may be derived by a person in relation to a petroleum project:

                      (f)  except in the case of the Bass Strait project—at any time, including a time:

                              (i)  before the project commenced or after the project has ceased; or

                             (ii)  before the commencement of this Act; or

                     (g)  in the case of the Bass Strait project—at any time on or after 1 July 1990, including a time after the project has ceased.

31A  Eligible real expenditure and the Bass Strait project

                   Despite section 45, this Division applies in relation to the Bass Strait project, or a project in relation to which the Bass Strait project is a pre‑combination project, as if eligible real expenditure could be incurred in relation to the Bass Strait project at any time, including a time before 1 July 1990.


 

Division 3Deductible expenditure

31B  Effect of input tax credits etc. on deductible expenditure

                   For the purposes of this Division, a reference to an amount of expenditure incurred, or a liability incurred, by a person does not include an amount equal to:

                     (a)  any input tax credit to which the person is entitled; or

                     (b)  any decreasing adjustments that the person has;

in relation to that expenditure or liability.

32  Deductible expenditure

                   For the purposes of this Act, a reference to the deductible expenditure incurred by a person in a financial year in relation to a petroleum project (not being an ineligible project in relation to the financial year) is a reference to the total expenditure of the following kinds incurred by the person in the financial year in relation to the project:

                     (a)  class 1 augmented bond rate general expenditure;

                     (b)  class 1 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure;

                     (c)  class 2 augmented bond rate general expenditure;

                     (d)  class 1 GDP factor expenditure;

                     (e)  class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure;

                      (f)  class 2 GDP factor expenditure;

                     (g)  closing‑down expenditure.

33  Class 1 augmented bond rate general expenditure

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a reference to the class 1 augmented bond rate general expenditure incurred by a person in a financial year in relation to a petroleum project (not being a combined project or the Bass Strait project) is a reference to the sum of:

                     (a)  any amount of class 1 general project expenditure actually incurred by the person in relation to the project in the financial year, not being expenditure incurred more than 5 years before the production licence in relation to the project came into force; and

                     (b)  any amount that is taken by subsection (3) or Division 5 to be class 1 augmented bond rate general expenditure incurred by the person in relation to the project in the financial year.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, a reference to the class 1 augmented bond rate general expenditure incurred by a person in a financial year in relation to a combined project is a reference to the sum of:

                     (a)  any amount of class 1 general project expenditure actually incurred by the person in relation to the project in the financial year (not being expenditure incurred before the project combination certificate in relation to the project came into force);

                     (b)  any amount that is taken by subsection (3) or Division 5 to be class 1 augmented bond rate general expenditure incurred by the person in relation to the project in the financial year; and

                     (c)  where the financial year is the year in which the project combination certificate in relation to the project came into force—any amount of class 1 general project expenditure, or any amount that is taken by subsection (3) or Division 5 to be class 1 augmented bond rate general expenditure, incurred by the person in relation to the pre‑combination projects in relation to the project in the financial year.

             (3)  For the purposes of subsection (1) or (2), where the class 1 augmented bond rate general expenditure incurred by a person in a financial year in relation to a petroleum project exceeds the assessable receipts derived by the person in the financial year in relation to the project, an amount ascertained in accordance with the formula , where:

A is the amount of the excess; and

B is the long‑term bond rate in relation to the financial year;

shall be taken to be class 1 augmented bond rate general expenditure incurred by the person in relation to the project on the first day of the next succeeding financial year.

             (4)  In this section:

class 1 general project expenditure means general project expenditure actually incurred before 1 July 1990.

34  Class 1 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a reference to the class 1 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure incurred by a person in a financial year in relation to a petroleum project (not being a combined project or the Bass Strait project) is a reference to the sum of:

                     (a)  any amount of class 1 exploration expenditure actually incurred by the person in relation to the project in the financial year, not being expenditure incurred more than 5 years before the production licence in relation to the project came into force; and

                     (b)  any amount that is taken by subsection (3), subsection 36(1) or Division 5 to be class 1 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure incurred by the person in relation to the project in the financial year.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, a reference to the class 1 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure incurred by a person in a financial year in relation to a combined project is a reference to the sum of:

                     (a)  any amount of class 1 exploration expenditure actually incurred by the person in relation to the project in the financial year (not being expenditure incurred before the project combination certificate in relation to the project came into force);

                     (b)  any amount that is taken by subsection (3), subsection 36(1) or Division 5 to be class 1 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure incurred by the person in relation to the project in the financial year; and

                     (c)  where the financial year is the year in which the project combination certificate in relation to the project came into force—any amount of class 1 exploration expenditure, or any amount that is taken by subsection (3), paragraph 36 (1) (b) or Division 5 to be class 1 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure, incurred by the person in relation to the pre‑combination projects in relation to the project in the financial year.

             (3)  For the purposes of subsection (1) or (2), where the sum of the class 1 augmented bond rate general expenditure and the class 1 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure incurred by a person in a financial year in relation to a petroleum project exceeds the assessable receipts derived by the person in the financial year in relation to the project, an amount ascertained in accordance with the formula , where:

A is so much of the excess as does not exceed the amount of the class 1 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure; and

B is the long‑term bond rate in relation to the financial year;

shall be taken to be class 1 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure incurred by the person in relation to the project on the first day of the next succeeding financial year.

             (4)  In this section:

class 1 exploration expenditure means exploration expenditure actually incurred before 1 July 1990.

34A  Class 2 augmented bond rate general expenditure

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a reference to the class 2 augmented bond rate general expenditure incurred by a person in a financial year in relation to a petroleum project (not being a combined project or the Bass Strait project) is a reference to the sum of:

                     (a)  any amount of class 2 general project expenditure actually incurred by the person in relation to the project in the financial year, not being expenditure incurred more than 5 years before the date specified in the notice issued under subsection 258(7) of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006 in relation to the project; and

                     (b)  any amount that is taken by subsection (4) or section 48 to be class 2 augmented bond rate general expenditure incurred by the person in relation to the project in the financial year.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, a reference to the class 2 augmented bond rate general expenditure incurred by a person in a financial year in relation to a combined project is a reference to the sum of:

                     (a)  any amount of class 2 general project expenditure actually incurred by the person in relation to the project in the financial year (not being expenditure incurred before the project combination certificate in relation to the project came into force); and

                     (b)  any amount that is taken by subsection (4) or section 48 to be class 2 augmented bond rate general expenditure incurred by the person in relation to the project in the financial year; and

                     (c)  if the financial year is the year in which the project combination certificate in relation to the project came into force—any amount of class 2 general project expenditure, or any amount that is taken by subsection (4) or section 48 to be class 2 augmented bond rate general expenditure, incurred by the person in relation to the pre‑combination projects in the financial year.

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, a reference to the class 2 augmented bond rate general expenditure incurred by a person in a financial year in relation to the Bass Strait project is a reference to the sum of:

                     (a)  any amount of class 2 general project expenditure actually incurred by the person in relation to the project in the financial year; and

                     (b)  any amount that is taken by subsection (4) or section 48 to be class 2 augmented bond rate general expenditure incurred by the person in relation to the project in the financial year.

             (4)  For the purposes of subsection (1), (2) or (3), if the sum of:

                     (a)  the class 1 augmented bond rate general expenditure; and

                     (b)  the class 1 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure; and

                     (c)  the class 2 augmented bond rate general expenditure;

incurred by a person in a financial year (in this subsection called the assessable year) in relation to a petroleum project exceeds the assessable receipts derived by the person in the assessable year in relation to the project, the person is taken to incur, in relation to the project and on the first day of the next financial year, an amount of class 2 augmented bond rate general expenditure worked out in accordance with the formula:

where:

Available excess means so much of the excess as does not exceed the class 2 augmented bond rate general expenditure incurred in the assessable year.

Augmented bond rate means the long term bond rate in relation to the assessable year plus 1.05.

             (5)  In this section:

class 2 general project expenditure means general project expenditure actually incurred on or after 1 July 1990.

35  Class 1 GDP factor expenditure

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a reference to the class 1 GDP factor expenditure incurred by a person in a financial year in relation to a petroleum project (not being a combined project or the Bass Strait project) is a reference to the sum of:

                     (a)  any amount of class 1 GDP factor expenditure actually incurred by the person in relation to the project more than 5 years before the production licence in relation to the project came into force; and

                     (b)  any amount that is taken by subsection (3), subsection 36(1) or Division 5 to be class 1 GDP factor expenditure incurred by the person in relation to the project in the financial year.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, a reference to the class 1 GDP factor expenditure incurred by a person in a financial year in relation to a combined project is a reference to the sum of:

                     (a)  any amount that is taken by subsection (3), subsection 36(1) or Division 5 to be class 1 GDP factor expenditure incurred by the person in relation to the project in the financial year; and

                     (b)  where the financial year is the year in which the project combination certificate in relation to the project came into force—any amount that is taken by subsection (3), paragraph 36(1)(b) or Division 5 to be class 1 GDP factor expenditure incurred by the person in relation to the pre‑combination projects in relation to the combined project in the financial year.

             (3)  For the purposes of subsection (1) or (2), if the sum of:

                     (a)  the class 1 augmented bond rate general expenditure; and

                     (b)  the class 1 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure; and

                     (c)  the class 2 augmented bond rate general expenditure; and

                     (d)  the class 1 GDP factor expenditure;

incurred by a person in a financial year in relation to a petroleum project exceeds the assessable receipts derived by the person in the financial year in relation to the project, an amount ascertained in accordance with the formula AB, where:

A is so much of the excess as does not exceed the amount of the GDP factor expenditure; and

B is the class 1 GDP factor in relation to the financial year;

shall be taken to be class 1 GDP factor expenditure incurred by the person in relation to the project on the first day of the next succeeding financial year.

             (4)  In this section:

class 1 GDP factor expenditure means general project expenditure incurred in any financial year, or exploration expenditure incurred before 1 July 1990.

35A  Class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, the amount of class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure that a person is taken to have incurred in a financial year in relation to a petroleum project is to be determined in accordance with Part 2 of the Schedule.

Note:          the following provisions of Part 2 of the Schedule provide for a person to be taken to have incurred an amount of class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure:

paragraph 8(4)(a)

paragraph 8(5)(a).

             (2)  The expenditure to which an amount of class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure is, according to Part 2 of the Schedule, attributable, must not be counted again as expenditure incurred, or taken to be incurred, by a person:

                     (a)  when working out the liability of the person to tax in relation to a later financial year; or

                     (b)  when working out, in accordance with Part 2, 3 or 4 of the Schedule, whether there is expenditure that is transferable by the person in relation to a later financial year.

Note:          the following provisions of Part 2 of the Schedule deal with the expenditure to which an amount of class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure is attributable:

paragraph 8(4)(b)

paragraph 8(5)(b) and subclauses 8(6) and (7).

35B  Class 2 GDP factor expenditure

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, the amount of class 2 GDP factor expenditure that a person is taken to have incurred in a financial year in relation to a petroleum project is to be determined in accordance with Part 3 of the Schedule.

Note:          the following provisions of Part 3 of the Schedule provide for a person to be taken to have incurred an amount of class 2 GDP factor expenditure:

paragraph 12(3)(a)

paragraph 12(4)(a).

             (2)  The expenditure to which an amount of class 2 GDP factor expenditure is, according to Part 3 of the Schedule, attributable, must not be counted again as expenditure incurred, or taken to be incurred, by a person:

                     (a)  when working out the liability of the person to tax in relation to a later financial year; or

                     (b)  when working out, in accordance with Part 2, 3 or 4 of the Schedule, whether there is expenditure that is transferable by the person in relation to a later financial year.

Note:          the following provisions of Part 3 of the Schedule deal with the expenditure to which an amount of class 2 GDP factor expenditure is attributable:

paragraph 12(3)(b)

paragraph 12(4)(b) and subclauses 12(5) and (6).

36  Class 1 augmented bond rate exploration and class 1 GDP factor expenditures in relation to project groups

             (1)  Where there is a project group in relation to a person in relation to a year of tax, the following provisions have effect:

                     (a)  in relation to any petroleum project in the group other than the last occurring project—where there is a carry forward expenditure amount of the person in relation to the project in relation to the year of tax, that amount shall be taken to be class 1 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure or class 1 GDP factor expenditure, as the case requires, incurred by the person in the year of tax in relation to the next occurring project and the person shall not be taken by subsection 34(3) to have incurred class 1 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure, or by subsection 35(3) to have incurred class 1 GDP factor expenditure, in relation to the first‑mentioned project on the first day of the next succeeding year of tax;

                     (b)  in relation to the last occurring petroleum project in the group—where, but for this paragraph, the person would be taken by subsection 34(3) to have incurred an amount of class 1 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure, or by subsection 35(3) to have incurred an amount of class 1 GDP factor expenditure, in relation to the project on the first day of the next succeeding year of tax, that expenditure shall be taken to have been incurred instead by the person on that day in relation to the first occurring of such of the projects in the group as are petroleum projects on that day.

             (2)  Where 2 or more project groups, in relation to a person in relation to a financial year, are related project groups in relation to each other, subsection (1) applies as if the petroleum projects in the groups were projects in a single project group in relation to the person in relation to the financial year.

             (3)  For the purposes of this section:

                     (a)  where:

                              (i)  a financial year is a year of tax in relation to a person in relation to 2 or more petroleum projects (not including any ineligible project in relation to the financial year); and

                             (ii)  the production licence, or at least one of the production licences, in relation to each of the projects is related to the same exploration permit;

                            the projects shall be taken to be in a project group in relation to the person in relation to the year of tax;

                     (b)  a reference to the relevant production licence in relation to a petroleum project is a reference to:

                              (i)  in the case of a combined project—the production licence in relation to the project that first came into force; and

                             (ii)  in any other case—the production licence in relation to the project;

                     (c)  petroleum projects in a project group in relation to a person in relation to a year of tax shall be taken to occur in the order in which the relevant production licences in relation to the projects came into force; and

                     (d)  a project group, in relation to a person in relation to a financial year, shall be taken to be a related project group in relation to another project group, in relation to the person in relation to the financial year, if:

                              (i)  one or more of the petroleum projects in the first‑mentioned group is a project in the second‑mentioned group; or

                             (ii)  one or more of the petroleum projects in the first‑mentioned group is a project in another project group that is a related project group in relation to the second‑mentioned project group under subparagraph (i) or this subparagraph.

             (4)  Where, by reason of the application of subsection 34(3) or 35(3) in relation to a person in relation to a petroleum project in relation to a year of tax (in this subsection referred to as the relevant year of tax), an amount of class 1 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure or class 1 GDP factor expenditure, as the case may be, would, if subsection (1) did not provide otherwise, be taken to be incurred by the person on the first day of the next succeeding year of tax, there shall, for the purposes of this section, be taken to be a carry forward expenditure amount in relation to the person in relation to the project in relation to the relevant year of tax equal to the amount that would so be taken to be incurred if:

                     (a)  in the case of an amount of class 1 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure—the formula in subsection 34(3) in its application in relation to the relevant year of tax consisted only of component A; and

                     (b)  in the case of an amount of class 1 GDP factor expenditure—the formula in subsection 35(3) in its application in relation to the relevant year of tax consisted only of component A.

36A  Designated frontier areas for 2004

                   For the purposes of the definition of designated frontier area, the following areas are specified:

                     (a)  Area T04‑5, as first gazetted in the Tasmanian Government Gazette on 5 May 2004 under subsection 20(1) of the repealed Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act 1967;

                     (b)  Areas W04‑2, W04‑4, W04‑15 and W04‑16, as first gazetted in the Western Australia Government Gazette on 30 March 2004 under subsection 20(1) of the repealed Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act 1967;

                     (c)  Area NT04‑3, as first gazetted in the Northern Territory Government Gazette on 14 April 2004 under subsection 20(1) of the repealed Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act 1967.

Note:          An amount of exploration expenditure incurred in respect of an area that is specified under this section might be increased by 150% (before the GDP factor or the augmented bond rate is applied to the amount under the Schedule): see section 36C.

36B  Designated frontier areas for 2005 to 2009

             (1)  For the purposes of the definition of designated frontier area, the Resources Minister may designate, in writing, up to (and including) 20% of potential exploration permit areas as frontier areas.

Note:          An amount of exploration expenditure incurred in respect of an area that is specified under this section might be increased by 150% (before the GDP factor or the augmented bond rate is applied to the amount under the Schedule): see section 36C.

             (2)  The Resources Minister must not specify new areas for a calendar year after 2009.

             (3)  The Resources Minister must publish an instrument made under subsection (1) in the Gazette.

             (4)  An instrument made under subsection (1) is not a legislative instrument for the purposes of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

             (5)  The Resources Minister may, by signed instrument, delegate his or her power under subsection (1) to an SES employee or an acting SES employee in the Resources Department.

Note:          The expressions SES employee and acting SES employee are defined in section 17AA of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (6)  In this section:

potential exploration permit area means an area or areas constituted by a block or blocks in respect of which applications for exploration permits have been invited, but not yet granted, under Part 2.2 of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006.

36C  Uplifted frontier expenditure

                   For the purposes of this Act, the amount of uplifted frontier expenditure that a person is taken to have incurred in a financial year in relation to a petroleum project is worked out as follows:

37  Exploration expenditure

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a reference to exploration expenditure incurred by a person in relation to a petroleum project is a reference to payments (not being excluded expenditure), whether of a capital or revenue nature, liable to be made by the person:

                     (a)  in carrying on or providing operations and facilities involved in or in connection with exploration for petroleum in the eligible exploration or recovery area in relation to the project; and

                     (b)  in carrying on or providing such of the following as are or have been carried on or provided:

                              (i)  operations and facilities involved in the recovery of any petroleum from the eligible exploration or recovery area (other than any production licence area) in relation to the project;

                             (ii)  operations and facilities involved in moving any petroleum so recovered to or between any storage or processing facilities prior to the production of any marketable petroleum commodity from the petroleum;

                            (iii)  operations and facilities involved in the storage, processing or treating of any petroleum so recovered to produce any marketable petroleum commodity from the petroleum;

                            (iv)  operations and facilities involved in the moving or storage of any such marketable petroleum commodity before it becomes an excluded commodity;

                             (v)  services, or facilities for the provision of services, in connection with the operations, facilities, amenities and services referred to in this section;

                            (vi)  employee amenities in connection with the operations, facilities and services referred to in this section; and

                     (c)  in procuring another person to stabilise, transport, store, recover or process petroleum recovered from the eligible exploration or recovery area (other than any production licence area) in relation to the project, if that stabilisation, transportation, storage, recovery or processing constitutes:

                              (i)  the processing of internal petroleum in relation to the project; or

                             (ii)  the processing of external petroleum in relation to another petroleum project;

and includes any exploration permit, retention lease or other fee (not being an excluded fee) liable to be paid by the person in relation to the carrying on or providing of any operations, facilities or other things referred to in this section.

             (2)  Where, by reason of the application of subsection 5(3), exploration for petroleum during a period is taken to occur in a retention lease area or areas in relation to a retention lease or leases related to an exploration permit, any liability incurred during that period to pay an exploration permit fee shall, for the purposes of subsection (1), be taken to relate proportionally to the carrying on of operations involved in exploration for petroleum in the retention lease area or areas and in the remainder of the exploration permit area in relation to the exploration permit, according to the respective sizes of those areas.

38  General project expenditure

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a reference to general project expenditure incurred by a person in relation to a petroleum project is a reference to payments (not being excluded expenditure, exploration expenditure or closing‑down expenditure), whether of a capital or revenue nature, liable to be made by the person:

                     (a)  in carrying on or providing operations and facilities preparatory to the activities referred to in paragraph (b), including in carrying out any feasibility or environmental study; and

                     (b)  in carrying on or providing the operations, facilities and other things comprising the project; and

                     (c)  in purchasing, as part of the project, external petroleum, or internal petroleum, in relation to the project; and

                     (d)  in procuring another person to stabilise, transport, store, recover or process petroleum recovered from the production licence area or areas in relation to the project, if that stabilisation, transportation, storage, recovery or processing constitutes:

                              (i)  the processing of internal petroleum in relation to the project; or

                             (ii)  the processing of external petroleum in relation to another petroleum project;

and includes any production licence or other fee (not being an excluded fee) liable to be paid by the person in relation to the carrying on or providing of any operations, facilities or other things referred to in this section.

             (2)  To avoid doubt, carrying on or providing the operations, facilities and other things comprising the project referred to in paragraph (1)(b) includes carrying on or providing the operations, facilities and other things in relation to the processing of external petroleum, or internal petroleum, in relation to the project.

39  Closing‑down expenditure

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a reference to closing‑down expenditure incurred by a person in relation to a petroleum project is a reference to payments (not being excluded expenditure), whether of a capital or revenue nature, liable to be made by the person in carrying on operations involved in closing down the project, including in any environmental restoration as a consequence of closing down the project.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  on the termination of a petroleum project, a person disposes of all of the person’s property in respect of which the person incurred capital expenditure that is eligible real expenditure in relation to the project; and

                     (b)  there is no consideration receivable by the person in respect of the disposal;

a reference to the closing‑down expenditure incurred by the person in relation to the project includes a reference to any consideration given by the person for the disposal, to the extent that the consideration relates to the future closing‑down expenditure in relation to the project.

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, if a person’s assessable property receipts under paragraph 27(1)(b) in relation to a petroleum project are taken to be zero because of subsection 27(4), a reference to closing‑down expenditure incurred by a person in relation to the project includes a reference to an amount equal to the difference between:

                     (a)  the future closing‑down expenditure in relation to the project; and

                     (b)  the amount that would, but for subsections 27(3) and (4), have been the person’s assessable property receipts in relation to the project.

Example:    A production licence of Petgas Ltd ceases to be in force on 24 October 2006, but the use of some facilities of the petroleum project in question continues to be permitted by an infrastructure licence that comes into force on that day. The value of the facilities on that day is $240,000, but there are future closing‑down costs that result in Petgas Ltd having a future closing‑down expenditure of $360,000.

                   Under subsection 27(4), Petgas Ltd’s assessable property receipts under paragraph 27(1)(b) are taken to be zero. In addition, Petgas Ltd’s closing‑down expenditure includes an amount of $120,000 (the difference between its future closing‑down expenditure and the actual value of the facilities).

             (4)  Closing‑down expenditure in relation to a petroleum project does not include closing‑down expenditure in relation to operations, facilities or other things comprising the project to the extent that:

                     (a)  the person has previously had assessable property receipts under paragraph 27(1)(a) in relation to the project and the consideration referred to in that paragraph took into account future closing‑down expenditure that relates to those operations, facilities or other things; or

                     (b)  the person has previously had assessable property receipts under paragraph 27(1)(b) in relation to the project and such future closing‑down expenditure was taken into account in working out those assessable property receipts; or

                     (c)  the person has previously had closing‑down expenditure in relation to the project that included such future closing‑down expenditure.

However, this subsection does not apply if there has been a change in the ownership of those operations, facilities or other things after the assessable property receipts or closing‑down expenditure arose.

40  Bad debts

             (1)  Where:

                     (a)  a debt is a bad debt and is written off as such by a person during a financial year; and

                     (b)  the debt has been brought to account by the person as a receipt of a kind referred to in section 24, 25, 27, 28 or 29 derived by the person in any financial year in relation to a petroleum project;

then, at the time at which the debt is written off and in relation to:

                     (c)  the petroleum project; or

                     (d)  if, at that time, there is a combined project in relation to which the petroleum project is a pre‑combination project—the combined project;

the person shall be taken for the purposes of this Act to have incurred an amount of:

                     (e)  where at or before the time at which the debt is written off the person has not incurred any general project expenditure or closing‑down expenditure in relation to the petroleum project or the combined project (including any pre‑combination project in relation to the project)—exploration expenditure;

                      (f)  where at or before the time at which the debt is written off the person has incurred general project expenditure, but has not incurred any closing‑down expenditure, in relation to the petroleum project or the combined project (including any pre‑combination project in relation to the project)—general project expenditure; or

                     (g)  where at or before the time at which the debt is written off the person has incurred closing‑down expenditure in relation to the petroleum project or the combined project—closing‑down expenditure;

equal to the amount of the debt.

             (2)  If a debtor, after incurring a debt that has been brought to account as mentioned in paragraph (1) (b), becomes bankrupt or executes a personal insolvency agreement for the benefit of creditors:

                     (a)  where, in the opinion of the Commissioner, no amount will be paid on account of the debt—the debt; or

                     (b)  where, in the opinion of the Commissioner, an amount less than the amount of the debt will be paid on account of the debt—so much of the debt as exceeds the amount that, in the opinion of the Commissioner, will be so paid;

shall be deemed to be a bad debt.

             (3)  Where a person receives an amount in respect of a debt to which subsection (1) applies, that amount shall for the purposes of this Act be taken to be a receipt of the kind referred to in paragraph (1)(b) derived by the person in relation to:

                     (a)  the petroleum project referred to in that paragraph; or

                     (b)  if, at the time at which the amount is received, there is a combined project in relation to which the petroleum project referred to in that paragraph is a pre‑combination project—the combined project.

41  Effect of procuring the carrying on of operations etc. by others

             (1)  Where a person (in this section referred to as the eligible person) incurs or incurred a liability to make a payment to procure the carrying on or providing of operations, facilities or other things of a kind referred to in section 37, 38 or 39 by another person, then, for the purposes of this Act:

                     (a)  the operations, facilities or other things shall be taken to have been carried on or provided by the eligible person and not by the other person; and

                     (b)  the liability shall be taken to have been incurred by the eligible person in carrying on or providing the operations, facilities or other things.

             (2)  This section does not apply if the other person carries on or provides the operations, facilities or other things as part of the processing of external petroleum, or internal petroleum, in relation to a petroleum project other than the project to which the operations, facilities or other things referred to in subsection (1) relate.

42  Expenditure on property for partial project use

                   Where:

                     (a)  a person incurs or incurred eligible real expenditure in relation to a petroleum project; and

                     (b)  the eligible real expenditure is or was capital expenditure in respect of property for use only proportionally (the proportion of use of which is in this section referred to as the eligible proportion) in carrying on or providing the operations, facilities or other things by reason of which the capital expenditure is eligible real expenditure of the person in relation to the project;

the eligible proportion only of the eligible real expenditure shall be taken for the purposes of this Act to be the eligible real expenditure.

43  Deferred use of property on project etc.

             (1)  Where:

                     (a)  a person incurs or incurred capital expenditure in relation to property, being eligible real expenditure in relation to a petroleum project or petroleum projects;

                     (b)  the person terminates or terminated the use of the property in relation to the project or all of the projects otherwise than by sale or other disposal; and

                     (c)  immediately after the termination of the use of the property the person is or was using the property, or at a later time the person commences or commenced to use the property, in carrying on or providing operations, facilities or other things of a kind referred to in section 37, 38 or 39 in relation to a petroleum project or petroleum projects;

then, for the purposes of this Act (including this section):

                     (d)  the person shall be taken to have incurred capital expenditure immediately after the termination or at the later time referred to in paragraph (c), as the case may be, in carrying on or providing the operations, facilities or other things, referred to in paragraph (c) in relation to the project or projects referred to in that paragraph; and

                     (e)  the amount of the expenditure shall be taken to be equal to so much of the value of the property at the time at which the person is so taken to have incurred the expenditure as, in the opinion of the Commissioner, is attributable to the expenditure referred to in paragraph (a).

             (2)  Where:

                     (a)  a person incurs or incurred capital expenditure in relation to property that is not or was not for use in carrying on or providing operations, facilities or other things of a kind referred to in section 37, 38 or 39 in relation to any petroleum project; and

                     (b)  the person commences or commenced to use the property at a later time in carrying on or providing such operations, facilities or other things in relation to a petroleum project or projects;

the person shall, for the purposes of this Act, be taken to have incurred expenditure, at that later time, in carrying on or providing the operations, facilities or other things in relation to the project or projects of an amount equal to so much of the value of the property at that later time as, in the opinion of the Commissioner, is attributable to the expenditure referred to in paragraph (a).

44  Excluded expenditure

                   For the purposes of this Act, a reference to excluded expenditure is a reference to:

                     (a)  payments of principal or interest on a loan or other borrowing costs; or

                     (b)  interest components of hire‑purchase payments; or

                     (c)  payments of dividends or the cost of issuing shares; or

                     (d)  the repayment of equity capital; or

                     (e)  payments of a kind known as private override royalty payments; or

                      (f)  payments to acquire, or to acquire an interest in, an exploration permit, retention lease, production licence, pipeline licence or access authority, otherwise than in respect of the grant of the permit, lease, licence or authority; or

                     (g)  payments to acquire interests in petroleum project profits, receipts or expenditures; or

                     (h)  payments of tax under the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936, or the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997; or

                      (i)  payments of GST under the GST Act; or

                      (j)  payments of administrative or accounting costs, or of wages, salary or other work costs, incurred indirectly in carrying on or providing operations, facilities or other things of a kind referred to in sections 37, 38 and 39; or

                     (k)  payments in respect of land or buildings for use in connection with administrative or accounting activities in respect of the carrying on or provision of other operations, facilities or things of a kind referred to in sections 37, 38 and 39, not being land or buildings located at or adjacent to the site or sites at which those other operations, facilities or things are carried on or provided.

45  Time of incurring of expenditure

                   For the purposes of this Act, eligible real expenditure may be incurred by a person in relation to a petroleum project:

                     (a)  except in the case of the Bass Strait project—at any time, including a time:

                              (i)  before the project commenced or after the project has ceased; or

                             (ii)  before the commencement of this Act; or

                     (b)  in the case of the Bass Strait project—at any time on or after 1 July 1990, including a time after the project has ceased.


 

Division 3ATransfer of exploration expenditure incurred on or after 1 July 1990

45A  Transfer of expenditure—general

             (1)  This section applies to a person in respect of a financial year in relation to which the person has transferable exploration expenditure.

             (2)  In relation to the financial year, the person must transfer to petroleum projects as much of the transferable exploration expenditure as can be transferred in accordance with the rules set out in Part 5 of the Schedule.

             (3)  A transfer of expenditure under this section in relation to a financial year:

                     (a)  must be made by completing a transfer notice and giving it to the Commissioner not later than 60 days after the end of the financial year or such later day as the Commissioner allows; and

                     (b)  subject to subsection (4), takes effect when the notice is given to the Commissioner.

             (4)  A purported transfer of expenditure under this section has no effect if the transfer is not in accordance with the rules set out in Part 5 of the Schedule.

             (5)  A person commits an offence if the person contravenes this section.

Penalty:  20 penalty units.

          (5A)  Subsection (5) does not apply to the extent that the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (5A), see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

          (5B)  An offence under this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (6)  In this section:

transfer notice means a written notice in the approved form.

45B  Transfer of expenditure—group companies

             (1)  This section applies where:

                     (a)  a number of companies are group companies in relation to each other and a financial year; and

                     (b)  there is unused transferable exploration expenditure in relation to some of the companies (each of which is in this section called a loss company) and the financial year.

             (2)  In relation to the financial year, each loss company must transfer, to such of the other companies as are not loss companies and in relation to specified petroleum projects, as much of the loss company’s unused transferable exploration expenditure as can be transferred in accordance with the rules set out in Part 6 of the Schedule.

             (3)  A transfer of expenditure under this section in relation to a financial year:

                     (a)  must be made by completing a transfer notice and giving it to the Commissioner not later than 60 days after the end of the financial year or such later day as the Commissioner allows; and

                     (b)  subject to subsection (4), takes effect when the notice is given to the Commissioner.

             (4)  A purported transfer of expenditure under this section has no effect if the transfer is not in accordance with the rules set out in Part 6 of the Schedule.

             (5)  A person commits an offence if the person contravenes this section.

Penalty:  20 penalty units.

          (5A)  Subsection (5) does not apply to the extent that the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (5A), see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

          (5B)  An offence under this section is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (6)  In this section:

transfer notice means a written notice in the approved form.

unused transferable exploration expenditure, in relation to a company and a financial year, means so much of the transferable exploration expenditure in relation to the company and the financial year as is not transferred, or to be transferred, under section 45A.

45C  Commissioner’s power to make transfers of expenditure

             (1)  This section applies if a person contravenes section 45A or 45B by failing to transfer expenditure as required by that section in relation to a financial year.

             (2)  Subject to subsection (3), the Commissioner may transfer the expenditure that the person failed to transfer.

             (3)  The transfer must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  be such that, if it had been made by the person, it would have been a transfer of expenditure in relation to the financial year under section 45A or 45B, as the case requires.

             (4)  For the purposes of this Act (other than this section), the transfer is taken to be a transfer by the person under section 45A or 45B, as the case requires.

             (5)  The transfer may not be revoked or varied except:

                     (a)  under subsection (6); or

                     (b)  pursuant to a decision of the Tribunal or an order of a court; or

                     (c)  to correct an error.

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  after the transfer, information becomes available to the Commissioner that was not available at the time of the transfer; and

                     (b)  the Commissioner would not have transferred the expenditure in the same way, or at all, if he or she had been aware of the information at the time of transferring the expenditure;

the Commissioner may, in writing, revoke the transfer and, if appropriate, make another transfer of expenditure under this section.

             (7)  If the Commissioner revokes the transfer, then, for the purposes of this Act, the transfer is taken never to have been made.

             (8)  The Commissioner must, within 30 days after transferring the expenditure, or revoking the transfer of the expenditure, cause written notice setting out particulars of the transfer or revocation to be given to:

                     (a)  if the transfer has or had effect as a transfer under section 45A—the person who is taken to have transferred the expenditure; or

                     (b)  if the transfer has or had effect as a transfer under section 45B—the person who is taken to have transferred the expenditure and the company to which the expenditure is or was transferred.

             (9)  If a person to whom a notice under subsection (8) is given is dissatisfied with the Commissioner’s decision to transfer the expenditure, or revoke the transfer, as the case may be, the person may object against the decision in the manner set out in Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

45D  Effect of transfer of expenditure

             (1)  This section applies if a person transfers an amount of expenditure:

                     (a)  to a petroleum project in relation to a financial year under section 45A; or

                     (b)  to a company in relation to a petroleum project and a financial year under section 45B.

             (2)  If the expenditure was incurred in an earlier financial year, then, for the purposes of this Act other than subsection (3), the transfer is taken to be a transfer of the amount worked out in accordance with Part 7 of the Schedule.

             (3)  The expenditure transferred (disregarding the effect of subsection (2)):

                     (a)  must not be transferred again in relation to the financial year; and

                     (b)  must not be counted again as expenditure incurred, or taken to be incurred, by a person:

                              (i)  when working out the liability of the person to tax in relation to a later financial year; or

                             (ii)  when working out, in accordance with Part 2, 3 or 4 of the Schedule, whether there is expenditure that is transferable by the person in relation to a later financial year.

45E  Instalment transfers and annual transfers

             (1)  Subject to this section, the following provisions apply in relation to instalment periods in the same way as they apply in relation to financial years:

                     (a)  this Division;

                     (b)  the Schedule;

                     (c)  definitions or other provisions of this Act as they apply for the purpose of this Division or the Schedule.

Note:          A person who contravenes section 45A or 45B as the section applies in relation to an instalment period commits an offence: see subsections 45A(5) and 45B(5).

             (2)  The provisions mentioned in subsection (1) apply under that subsection only to the extent necessary to require or permit the making of transfers of expenditure in relation to instalment periods.

             (3)  For the purpose of subsection (1), the following assumptions apply in relation to any petroleum project and an instalment period in a financial year:

                     (a)  the instalment period is taken to be a financial year;

                     (b)  the amounts taken by subsections 33(3), 34(3), 34A(4), 35(3) and 36(1) (including because of section 48) to be incurred by any person in relation to any project on the first day of the financial year are instead taken to be only the instalment percentages of those amounts;

                     (c)  the amounts that would, for the purposes of the Schedule, be the incurred exploration expenditure amounts in relation to financial years before that financial year are instead taken to be only the instalment percentages of those amounts.

             (4)  In this Act, an annual transfer is a transfer of an amount of expenditure in accordance with this Division in its application to a financial year.

             (5)  In this Act, an instalment transfer is a transfer of an amount of expenditure in accordance with this Division in its application under this section to an instalment period.

             (6)  Despite subsection 45D(3), if an instalment transfer of an amount of expenditure is made in relation to an instalment period in a financial year, the instalment transfer does not prevent the transfer of all (or a part) of that expenditure being made again:

                     (a)  in relation to a later instalment period; or

                     (b)  in relation to the financial year or a later financial year (as an annual transfer).

Note:          In some circumstances, interest may be charged in relation to an instalment transfer if the expenditure cannot be transferred again under this Division as an annual transfer: see section 98A.

             (7)  In this section:

instalment period includes a period in a financial year that would be an instalment period if the financial year were a year of tax.


 

Division 4Tax credits

46  Credits in respect of closing‑down expenditure

             (1)  If, in relation to a petroleum project, the sum of any closing‑down expenditure and any other deductible expenditure incurred by a person in a year of tax exceeds the assessable receipts derived by the person in the year of tax:

                     (a)  so much of the excess as does not exceed the amount of the closing‑down expenditure is the person’s excess closing‑down expenditure for the year of tax; and

                     (b)  the person is entitled to a credit of the lesser of the following amounts:

                              (i)  an amount equal to 40% of the excess closing‑down expenditure for the year of tax;

                             (ii)  the total amount of any tax in respect of the project (including in the case of a combined project any pre‑combination project in relation to the project) paid or payable by the person in relation to previous years of tax, reduced by the total amount of any credits allowed or allowable to the person under this section in relation to the project in relation to any previous years of tax.

Greater Sunrise closing‑down credits

             (2)  However, for the purposes of the operation of paragraph (1)(a) in relation to a Greater Sunrise project, the amount that is so much of the excess as does not exceed the amount of the closing‑down expenditure is taken to be the amount worked out using the following formula:

where:

apportionment percentage figure has the meaning given by subsection 2C(2).

initial excess means the amount that is so much of the excess as does not exceed the amount of the closing‑down expenditure under paragraph (1)(a) ignoring this subsection.

47  Application of credits

             (1)  Subject to this section, the amount of a credit to which a person is entitled by virtue of this Division is a debt due and payable to the person by the Commissioner on behalf of the Commonwealth.

             (2)  The Commissioner may apply the whole or a part of the credit in total or partial discharge of any liability to the Commonwealth of the person entitled to the credit arising under or by virtue of this Act or any other Act of which the Commissioner has the general administration.

             (3)  Where, under subsection (2), the Commissioner has applied an amount of a credit in discharge of a liability of a person to the Commonwealth, the person shall be deemed to have paid the amount so applied for the purpose for which, and at the time at which, it has been so applied.

             (4)  Where the amount, or the sum of the amounts, applied or paid by the Commissioner as a credit to which a person is entitled under this Division exceeds the amount of the credit to which the person is entitled, the Commissioner may recover the amount of the excess as if it were tax due and payable by the person.


 

Division 5Effect of certain transactions

48  Transfer of entire entitlement to assessable receipts

          (1A)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  at a particular time (the transfer time) a person (the vendor) enters into a transaction in relation to a petroleum project; and

                     (b)  the transaction has the effect of transferring to another person or persons (the purchasers):

                              (i)  the whole of the vendor’s entitlement to derive, after the transaction, assessable receipts in relation to the project; and

                             (ii)  any property held by the vendor that is being used in relation to the project; and

                     (c)  the purchasers give consideration for the entitlement and property.

The transaction may occur at any time (even before the vendor’s first year of tax in relation to the project).

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act (including this section):

                     (a)  the purchaser, or each of the purchasers in proportion to his or her acquired entitlement to those receipts, shall be taken:

                              (i)  to have derived any assessable receipts, and to have incurred any deductible expenditure (other than class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure or class 2 GDP factor expenditure), in relation to the project that, if the financial year in which the transaction is or was entered into had ended immediately before the transfer time, would have been assessable receipts derived, or such deductible expenditure incurred, by the vendor in relation to the project in that financial year; and

                            (ia)  to have incurred, in relation to the project, any expenditure that, if the financial year in which the transaction is or was entered into had ended immediately before the transfer time, would, within the meaning of the Schedule, have been included in the incurred exploration expenditure amount in relation to the vendor, the project and the financial year or a previous financial year; and

Note:          this is expenditure on which class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure and class 2 GDP factor expenditure are based.

                             (ii)  to have incurred any liability of the vendor, and to have paid any amounts paid by the vendor, in respect of instalments of tax in relation to the project during the part of the financial year in which the transaction is or was entered into occurring before the transfer time;

                     (b)  the vendor shall be taken not to have derived those receipts, incurred that expenditure or that liability or paid those amounts, as the case may be;

                     (c)  the vendor shall be taken not to have derived any assessable property receipts in relation to the transaction by reason of the transfer of any property held by the vendor that was being used in relation to the project at the transfer time;

                     (d)  the purchaser or purchasers shall be taken not to have incurred any eligible real expenditure in relation to the transaction by reason of the transfer of any such property;

                     (e)  in any application of section 27, 28 or 29 after the transfer time, the purchaser shall be taken to have incurred any eligible real expenditure incurred by the vendor in relation to the project (including in the case of a combined project any pre‑combination project in relation to the project); and

                      (f)  in any application of section 40 after the transfer time, the purchaser shall be taken to have brought to account as a receipt of a kind referred to in section 24, 25, 27, 28 or 29 in relation to the project (including any pre‑combination project in relation to the project) any debt so brought to account by the vendor.

             (2)  Expenditure that the purchaser, or a purchaser, is taken to have incurred by subparagraph (1)(a)(ia) is taken to have been so incurred at the time when the vendor incurred it, or is taken to have incurred it.

             (3)  The vendor must give written notice of the transaction, in the approved form, to each purchaser before the end of the later of the following days:

                     (a)  the 60th day after entering into the transaction;

                     (b)  the 60th day after the purchasers give consideration for the entitlement and property.

Note:          Subdivision 388‑B in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 applies to approved forms under this subsection.

48A  Transfer on or after 1 July 1993 of part of entitlement to assessable receipts

Section applies to transfer of part of entitlement to assessable receipts

             (1)  This section applies if, on or after 1 July 1993, a person enters into a transaction that has the effect of transferring part only of the person’s entitlement to derive, after the transfer, assessable receipts in relation to a petroleum project.

Definitions

             (2)  In this section:

                     (a)  the person is called the vendor;

                     (b)  the person, or each of the persons, to whom the entitlement to derive assessable receipts is transferred is called a purchaser;

                     (c)  the time at which the transaction is entered into is called the transfer time;

                     (d)  the financial year in which the transaction is entered into is called the transfer year;

                     (e)  the part of the vendor’s entitlement to derive assessable receipts that is being transferred, when expressed as a percentage of the whole of the vendor’s entitlement to derive assessable receipts in relation to the project (as determined before the transfer time), is called the transfer percentage.

Transfer time may be before vendor’s first year of tax

             (3)  The transfer time may be before the vendor’s first year of tax in relation to the petroleum project.

Subsections (5) to (10) have effect for purposes of this Act

             (4)  If this section applies, subsections (5) to (10) have effect for the purposes of this Act (including this section).

Purchaser taken to have derived receipts, incurred expenditure etc.

             (5)  The purchaser, or each of the purchasers in proportion to its acquired entitlement to assessable receipts, is taken:

                     (a)  to have derived the transfer percentage of any assessable receipts that, if the transfer year had ended immediately before the transfer time, would have been assessable receipts derived by the vendor in relation to the project in the transfer year; and

                     (b)  to have incurred the transfer percentage of any deductible expenditure (other than class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure or class 2 GDP factor expenditure), in relation to the project that, if the transfer year had ended immediately before the transfer time, would have been such deductible expenditure incurred by the vendor in relation to the project in the transfer year; and

                     (c)  to have incurred, in relation to the project, the transfer percentage of any expenditure that, if the transfer year had ended immediately before the transfer time, would, within the meaning of the Schedule, have been included in the incurred exploration expenditure amount in relation to the vendor, the project and the transfer year or a previous financial year; and

Note:          This is expenditure on which class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure and class 2 GDP factor expenditure are based.

                     (d)  to have incurred the transfer percentage of any liability of the vendor, and to have paid the transfer percentage of any amounts paid by the vendor, in respect of instalments of tax in relation to the project during the part of the transfer year that occurred before the transfer time.

Vendor taken not to have derived receipts, incurred expenditure etc.

             (6)  The vendor is taken not to have derived, incurred or paid, as the case requires, the transfer percentage of the receipts, expenditure, liabilities and amounts to which subsection (5) applies.

Time when purchaser taken to have incurred expenditure to which paragraph (5)(c) applies

             (7)  Expenditure that the purchaser, or any of the purchasers, is taken by paragraph (5)(c) to have incurred is taken to have been so incurred at the time when the vendor incurred it, or is taken to have incurred it.

Treatment of property used in relation to the project

             (8)  As regards property used in relation to the project:

                     (a)  the vendor is taken not to have derived any assessable property receipts in relation to the transaction because of the transfer of any property held by the vendor that was being used in relation to the project at the transfer time; and

                     (b)  the purchaser or purchasers are taken not to have incurred any eligible real expenditure in relation to the transaction because of the transfer of any such property.

Application of sections 27, 28 and 29

             (9)  In any application of section 27, 28 or 29 after the transfer time, the purchaser, or each of the purchasers in proportion to its acquired entitlement to assessable receipts, is taken to have incurred the transfer percentage of any eligible real expenditure incurred by the vendor in relation to the project (including any pre‑combination project in relation to the project).

Application of section 40

           (10)  In any application of section 40 after the transfer time, the purchaser, or each of the purchasers in proportion to its acquired entitlement to assessable receipts, is taken to have brought to account as a receipt of a kind referred to in section 24, 25, 27, 28 or 29 in relation to the project (including any pre‑combination project in relation to the project) the transfer percentage of any debt so brought to account by the vendor.

Transfer notice to be given to purchasers

           (11)  The vendor must give written notice of the transaction, in the approved form, to each purchaser before the end of the later of the following days:

                     (a)  the 60th day after the transfer time;

                     (b)  the 60th day after the purchaser gives consideration for the transfer of the part of the entitlement.

Note:          Subdivision 388‑B in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 applies to approved forms under this subsection.

49  Transfer before 1 July 1984 of partial entitlement to assessable receipts

                   Where, in relation to a petroleum project:

                     (a)  a person (in this section referred to as the vendor) entered into a transaction before 1 July 1984 that had the effect of transferring part only of the entitlement of the person to receive, after the transfer, assessable receipts in relation to the project to another person or persons (which person or each of which persons is in this section referred to as a purchaser);

                     (b)  at or before the time at which the transaction was entered into, the vendor and purchaser or purchasers entered into an agreement in writing in connection with the transaction to the effect that the whole or a part of the exploration expenditure incurred by the vendor in relation to the project before the time of the transfer should be taken to have been incurred by the purchaser or purchasers in accordance with the agreement; and

                     (c)  within 30 days after the day on which this Act comes into operation, the purchaser or a purchaser gives a copy of the agreement to the Commissioner;

then, for the purposes of this Act (including this section):

                     (d)  the whole or the part of the exploration expenditure of the vendor incurred before the transfer shall be taken to have been incurred instead by the purchaser, or by the purchasers in accordance with the agreement; and

                     (e)  where any of the exploration expenditure was expenditure in relation to property transferred to the purchaser or purchasers under the transaction referred to in paragraph (a), the vendor shall be taken not to have derived any assessable property receipts in relation to the property by reason of the transfer and the purchaser or purchasers shall be taken not to have incurred any exploration expenditure in relation to the property by reason of the transfer.


 

Division 6Anti‑avoidance

Subdivision AArrangements to obtain tax benefits

50  Arrangements

             (1)  In this Subdivision, arrangement means:

                     (a)  any agreement, arrangement, understanding, promise or undertaking, whether express or implied, and whether or not enforceable, or intended to be enforceable, by legal proceedings; and

                     (b)  any scheme, plan, proposal, action, course of action or course of conduct, whether unilateral or otherwise.

             (2)  A reference in this Subdivision to the carrying out of an arrangement by a person shall be read as including a reference to the carrying out of an arrangement by a person together with another person or other persons.

51  Tax benefits

                   A reference in this Subdivision to the obtaining by a person of a tax benefit in connection with an arrangement is a reference to:

                     (a)  an amount of assessable receipts not being derived by the person in a financial year in relation to a petroleum project where that amount would have been derived, or might reasonably be expected to have been derived, by the person in the financial year in relation to the project if the arrangement had not been entered into or carried out; or

                     (b)  an amount of deductible expenditure being incurred by the person in a financial year in relation to a petroleum project where that amount would not have been incurred, or might reasonably be expected not to have been incurred, by the person in the financial year in relation to the project if the arrangement had not been entered into or carried out;

and, for the purposes of this Subdivision, the amount of the tax benefit shall be taken to be equal to the amount referred to in paragraph (a) or (b), as the case requires.

52  Arrangements to which Subdivision applies

                   This Subdivision applies to any arrangement that has been or is entered into on or after 1 July 1984, and to any arrangement that has been or is carried out or commenced to be carried out on or after that date (other than an arrangement that was entered into before that date), where:

                     (a)  a person (in this section referred to as the eligible person) has obtained, or would but for section 53 obtain, a tax benefit in connection with the arrangement; and

                     (b)  having regard to:

                              (i)  the manner in which the arrangement was entered into or carried out;

                             (ii)  the form and substance of the arrangement;

                            (iii)  the time at which the arrangement was entered into and the length of the period during which the arrangement was carried out;

                            (iv)  the result in relation to the operation of this Act that, but for this Subdivision, would be achieved by the arrangement;

                             (v)  any change in the financial position of the eligible person that has resulted, will result, or may reasonably be expected to result, from the arrangement;

                            (vi)  any change in the financial position of any person who has, or has had, any connection (whether of a business, family or other nature) with the eligible person, being a change that has resulted, will result or may reasonably be expected to result, from the arrangement;

                           (vii)  any other consequence for the eligible person, or for any person referred to in subparagraph (vi), of the arrangement having been entered into or carried out; and

                           (viii)  the nature of any connection (whether of a business, family, or other nature) between the eligible person and any person referred to in subparagraph (vi);

                            it would be concluded that the person, or one of the persons, who entered into or carried out the arrangement or any part of the arrangement did so for the sole or dominant purpose of enabling the eligible person to obtain a tax benefit or tax benefits in connection with the arrangement or of enabling the eligible person and another person or other persons each to obtain a tax benefit or tax benefits in connection with the arrangement (whether or not that person who entered into or carried out the arrangement or any part of the arrangement is the eligible person or is the other person or one of the other persons).

53  Cancellation of tax benefits etc.

             (1)  Where a tax benefit has been obtained, or would but for this section be obtained, by a person in connection with an arrangement to which this Subdivision applies, the Commissioner may:

                     (a)  in the case of a tax benefit that is referable to an amount of assessable receipts not being derived by the person in a financial year in relation to a petroleum project—determine that the whole or a part of the amount shall be assessable receipts derived by the person in the financial year in relation to the project;

                     (b)  in the case of a tax benefit that is referable to an amount of deductible expenditure being incurred by the person in a financial year in relation to a petroleum project—determine that the whole or a part of the amount shall not be deductible expenditure incurred by the person in the financial year in relation to the project; and

                     (c)  in any case—determine that appropriate adjustments (if any) be made to the assessable receipts derived, or deductible expenditure incurred, by:

                              (i)  the person in respect of the project in relation to any other financial year or in respect of any other project in relation to any financial year; or

                             (ii)  any other person in respect of the project or any other project in relation to any financial year;

and any such determination has effect accordingly.

             (2)  Where, at any time, a person considers that the Commissioner should make a determination under paragraph (1)(c) in relation to the person in relation to a petroleum project or projects in relation to a financial year or financial years, the person may post to or lodge with the Commissioner a request in writing for the making by the Commissioner of a determination under that paragraph.

             (3)  The Commissioner shall consider the request and serve on the person a written notice of the Commissioner’s decision on the request.

             (4)  If the person is dissatisfied with the Commissioner’s decision on the request, the person may object against the decision in the manner set out in Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

55  Operation of Subdivision

                   Nothing in the provisions of this Act other than this Subdivision or in the International Tax Agreements Act 1953 shall be taken to limit the operation of this Subdivision.

Subdivision BNon‑arm’s length transactions

56  Arm’s length transaction

                   In this Subdivision, arm’s length transaction means a transaction where the parties to the transaction are dealing with each other at arm’s length in relation to the transaction.

57  Non‑arm’s length receipts

             (1)  Where:

                     (a)  under a transaction, a person has derived receipts of a kind referred to in section 24, 25, 27, 28 or 29 in relation to a petroleum project;

                     (b)  the Commissioner, having regard to any connection between the parties to the transaction or to any other relevant circumstances, is satisfied that the transaction is not an arm’s length transaction;

                     (c)  the amount of the receipts is less than the amount (in this subsection referred to as the increased receipts) that could reasonably have been expected to have been the amount of those receipts if the transaction had been an arm’s length transaction; and

                     (d)  the Commissioner determines that this subsection should apply in relation to the person in relation to the transaction;

then, for the purposes of the application of this Act in relation to the person in relation to the transaction, the amount of the receipts derived by the person shall be taken to be equal to the increased receipts.

             (2)  Where:

                     (a)  under a transaction, a person has not derived receipts of a kind referred to in section 24, 25, 27, 28 or 29 in relation to a petroleum project;

                     (b)  the Commissioner, having regard to any connection between the parties to the transaction or to any other relevant circumstances, is satisfied that the transaction is not an arm’s length transaction;

                     (c)  it could reasonably have been expected that if the transaction had been an arm’s length transaction the person would have derived an amount (in this subsection referred to as the notional receipts) of receipts of such a kind in relation to the petroleum project; and

                     (d)  the Commissioner determines that this subsection should apply in relation to the person in relation to the transaction;

then, for the purposes of the application of this Act in relation to the person in relation to the transaction, the person shall be taken to have derived under the transaction receipts of the kind referred to in paragraph (c) in relation to the project of an amount equal to the notional receipts.

             (3)  This section does not apply to receipts determined under subparagraph 24(1)(d)(i).

58  Non‑arm’s length expenditure

                   Where:

                     (a)  under a transaction, a person has incurred eligible real expenditure in relation to a petroleum project;

                     (b)  the Commissioner, having regard to any connection between the parties to the transaction or to any other relevant circumstances is satisfied that the transaction was not an arm’s length transaction;

                     (c)  the amount of the expenditure referred to in paragraph (a) was more than the amount (in this section referred to as the reduced expenditure) that could reasonably have been expected to have been the amount of that expenditure if the transaction were an arm’s length transaction; and

                     (d)  the Commissioner determines that this section should apply in relation to the person in relation to the transaction;

then, for the purposes of the application of this Act in relation to the person in relation to the transaction, the amount of the expenditure referred to in paragraph (a) shall be taken to be equal to the reduced expenditure.


 

Division 7Functional currency

58A  Objects of this Division

                   The objects of this Division are:

                     (a)  to allow a person whose accounts are kept solely or predominantly in a particular foreign currency (the functional currency) to calculate:

                              (i)  the person’s taxable profits; and

                             (ii)  certain other amounts;

                            by reference to the functional currency; and

                     (b)  to allow companies that:

                              (i)  are in a designated company group; and

                             (ii)  whose accounts are kept solely or predominantly in a particular foreign currency (the functional currency);

                            to calculate:

                            (iii)  their taxable profits; and

                            (iv)  certain other amounts;

                            by reference to the functional currency.

58B  Person may elect to be bound by the functional currency rules

             (1)  A person may elect to be bound by the functional currency rules for the purposes of this Act, with effect from the start of:

                     (a)  if the election was made by the person within 30 days after the day on which the Tax Laws Amendment (2009 Measures No. 3) Act 2009 received the Royal Assent—the year of tax beginning on 1 July 2009; or

                     (b)  in any other case—the year of tax following the one in which the person made the election.

             (2)  An election under subsection (1) must be in writing.

             (3)  An election under subsection (1) continues in effect until a withdrawal of the election takes effect (see section 58L).

Designated company group—deemed election etc.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a person has made an election under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  at the time when the person made the election, the person was the head company of a designated company group; and

                     (c)  the election is in effect for a year of tax; and

                     (d)  when the election took effect, the person was the head company of a designated company group; and

                     (e)  immediately before the end of the year of tax, the person is the head company of a designated company group (the current designated company group);

then:

                      (f)  each other company that was in the current designated company group immediately before the end of the year of tax is taken to have made an election under subsection (1); and

                     (g)  an election covered by paragraph (f):

                              (i)  is taken to have been in effect for the year of tax; and

                             (ii)  supersedes any previous election made by the other company that was in effect for the year of tax.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  a person has made an election under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  at the time when the person made the election, the person was the head company of a designated company group; and

                     (c)  the election is in effect for a year of tax; and

                     (d)  during the year of tax, the person ceased to be the head company of the designated company group; and

                     (e)  immediately before the end of the year of tax, another company is the head company of the designated company group;

then:

                      (f)  the company covered by paragraph (e) is taken to have made an election under subsection (1); and

                     (g)  an election covered by paragraph (f):

                              (i)  is taken to have been in effect for the year of tax; and

                             (ii)  supersedes any previous election made by the company that was in effect for the year of tax; and

                     (h)  each other company that was in the designated company group immediately before the end of the year of tax is taken to have made an election under subsection (1); and

                      (i)  an election covered by paragraph (h):

                              (i)  is taken to have been in effect for the year of tax; and

                             (ii)  supersedes any previous election made by the other company that was in effect for the year of tax.

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  immediately before the end of a year of tax, a person is the head company of a designated company group; and

                     (b)  the person is not taken, under subsection (5), to have made an election under subsection (1) that is in effect for the year of tax; and

                     (c)  the person has not made an election under subsection (1) that:

                              (i)  is in effect for the year of tax; and

                             (ii)  under subsection (4), results in each other company that was in the designated company group immediately before the end of the year of tax being taken to have made an election under subsection (1); and

                     (d)  a company that was in the designated company group immediately before the end of the year of tax has made an election under subsection (1); and

                     (e)  the election covered by paragraph (d) is in effect for the year of tax;

the company covered by paragraph (d) is taken to have withdrawn the election covered by paragraph (d) with effect from the start of the year of tax.

58C  Applicable foreign currency

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  a person has made an election under section 58B (other than an election taken to have been made as a result of the application of subsection 58B(4) or paragraph 58B(5)(h) to a designated company group); and

                     (b)  the election is in effect for a year of tax;

the person’s applicable functional currency for the year of tax is the sole or predominant foreign currency in which:

                     (c)  if the person is the head company of a designated company group—the person kept the person’s accounts immediately before the end of the year of tax; or

                     (d)  otherwise—the person kept the person’s accounts at the time when the person made the election.

Designated company group

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  a person is taken to have made an election under section 58B as a result of the application of subsection 58B(4) or paragraph 58B(5)(h) to a designated company group; and

                     (b)  the election is in effect for a year of tax;

the person’s applicable functional currency for the year of tax is the sole or predominant currency in which the head company of the designated company group kept its accounts immediately before the end of the year of tax.

58D  Basic translation rules

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person has made an election under section 58B; and

                     (b)  that election is in effect for a year of tax;

the following rules apply:

                     (c)  first, for the purpose of working out the taxable profit of the person of the year of tax in relation to a petroleum project:

                              (i)  an amount that is not in the applicable functional currency is to be translated into the applicable functional currency; and

                             (ii)  the definition of foreign currency in section 2 does not apply; and

                            (iii)  the applicable functional currency is taken not to be a foreign currency; and

                            (iv)  Australian currency and any other currency (except the applicable functional currency) are taken to be foreign currencies;

                     (d)  second, the taxable profit of the person of the year of tax in relation to the petroleum project is to be translated into Australian currency;

                     (e)  third, for the purpose of working out a credit to which the person is entitled under section 46 in relation to the year of tax, an amount of excess closing‑down expenditure is to be translated into Australian currency.

Examples of an amount

             (2)  The following are examples of an amount:

                     (a)  an amount of an expense;

                     (b)  an amount of an obligation;

                     (c)  an amount of a liability;

                     (d)  an amount of a receipt;

                     (e)  an amount of a payment;

                      (f)  an amount of consideration;

                     (g)  a value.

58E  Translation rule—assessable receipt

                   If:

                     (a)  a person derives an assessable receipt in relation to a petroleum project; and

                     (b)  the receipt is not in the applicable functional currency; and

                     (c)  the receipt was derived when an election made by the person under section 58B was in effect;

the receipt is to be translated into the applicable functional currency at the exchange rate applicable at the time when the receipt was derived.

58F  Translation rule—deductible expenditure

                   If:

                     (a)  a person incurs deductible expenditure in relation to a petroleum project; and

                     (b)  the expenditure is not in the applicable functional currency; and

                     (c)  the expenditure was incurred when an election made by the person under section 58B was in effect;

the expenditure is to be translated into the applicable functional currency at the exchange rate applicable at the time the expenditure was incurred.

58G  Translation rule—transfer of entire entitlement to assessable receipts

                   If:

                     (a)  section 48 applies in relation to a transaction; and

                     (b)  a person is a purchaser (within the meaning of section 48) in relation to the transaction; and

                     (c)  the person is taken, under section 48, to have derived or incurred an amount; and

                     (d)  the transfer time (within the meaning of section 48) occurred when an election made by the person under section 58B was in effect; and

                     (e)  the amount is not in the applicable functional currency;

the amount is to be translated into the applicable functional currency at the exchange rate applicable at the transfer time (within the meaning of section 48).

58H  Translation rule—transfer of part of entitlement to assessable receipts

                   If:

                     (a)  section 48A applies in relation to a transaction; and

                     (b)  a person is a purchaser (within the meaning of section 48A) in relation to the transaction; and

                     (c)  the person is taken, under section 48A, to have derived or incurred an amount; and

                     (d)  the transfer time (within the meaning of section 48A) occurred when an election made by the person under section 58B was in effect; and

                     (e)  the amount is not in the applicable functional currency;

the amount is to be translated into the applicable functional currency at the exchange rate applicable at the transfer time (within the meaning of section 48A).

58J  Translation of taxable profit, or excess closing‑down expenditure, into Australian currency

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  paragraph 58D(1)(d) requires the translation of the taxable profit of a person of a year of tax in relation to a petroleum project; or

                     (b)  paragraph 58D(1)(e) requires the translation of an amount of excess closing‑down expenditure for the purpose of working out a credit to which a person is entitled under section 46 in relation to a year of tax;

that taxable profit or excess closing‑down expenditure, as the case may be, is to be translated using:

                     (c)  if the person elects to use an exchange rate that is an average of all the exchange rates during the year of tax—that exchange rate; or

                     (d)  if the person elects to use the exchange rate applicable on the last day of the year of tax—that exchange rate.

             (2)  An election under paragraph (1)(c) or (d):

                     (a)  must be in writing; and

                     (b)  is irrevocable.

Default election

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  paragraph 58D(1)(d) requires the translation of the taxable profit of a person of a year of tax in relation to a petroleum project; or

                             (ii)  paragraph 58D(1)(e) requires the translation of an amount of excess closing‑down expenditure for the purpose of working out a credit to which a person is entitled under section 46 in relation to a year of tax; and

                     (b)  the person does not make an election under paragraph (1)(c) or (d) of this section in relation to the year of tax;

the person is taken to have made an election under paragraph (1)(c) of this section in relation to the year of tax.

Continuity of election

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a person has made an election under section 58B; and

                     (b)  that election is in effect for 2 or more consecutive years of tax; and

                     (c)  the person made an election under paragraph (1)(c) of this section in relation to the first of those years of tax;

the person is taken to have made an election under paragraph (1)(c) of this section in relation to each remaining year of tax.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  a person has made an election under section 58B; and

                     (b)  that election is in effect for 2 or more consecutive years of tax; and

                     (c)  the person made an election under paragraph (1)(d) of this section in relation to the first of those years of tax;

the person is taken to have made an election under paragraph (1)(d) of this section in relation to each remaining year of tax.

Designated company group—deemed election under paragraph (1)(c) etc.

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  a person has made an election under paragraph (1)(c) in relation to a year of tax; and

                     (b)  at the time when the person made the election, the person was the head company of a designated company group; and

                     (c)  immediately before the end of the year of tax, the person is the head company of a designated company group (the current designated company group);

then:

                     (d)  each other company that was in the current designated company group immediately before the end of the year of tax is taken to have made an election under paragraph (1)(c) in relation to the year of tax; and

                     (e)  an election covered by paragraph (d):

                              (i)  is taken to have been in effect for the year of tax; and

                             (ii)  supersedes any previous election made by the other company that was in effect for the year of tax.

             (7)  If:

                     (a)  a person has made an election under paragraph (1)(c); and

                     (b)  at the time when the person made the election, the person was the head company of a designated company group; and

                     (c)  the election is in effect for a year of tax; and

                     (d)  during the year of tax, the person ceased to be the head company of the designated company group; and

                     (e)  immediately before the end of the year of tax, another company is the head company of the designated company group;

then:

                      (f)  the company covered by paragraph (e) of this subsection is taken to have made an election under paragraph (1)(c); and

                     (g)  an election covered by paragraph (f) of this subsection:

                              (i)  is taken to have been in effect for the year of tax; and

                             (ii)  supersedes any previous election made by the company that was in effect for the year of tax; and

                     (h)  each other company that was in the designated company group immediately before the end of the year of tax is taken to have made an election under paragraph (1)(c); and

                      (i)  an election covered by paragraph (h) of this subsection:

                              (i)  is taken to have been in effect for the year of tax; and

                             (ii)  supersedes any previous election made by the other company that was in effect for the year of tax.

             (8)  If:

                     (a)  immediately before the end of a year of tax, a person is the head company of a designated company group; and

                     (b)  the person is not taken, under subsection (7), to have made an election under paragraph (1)(c) that is in effect for the year of tax; and

                     (c)  the person has not made an election under paragraph (1)(c) that:

                              (i)  relates to the year of tax; and

                             (ii)  under subsection (6), results in each other company that was in the designated company group immediately before the end of the year of tax being taken to have made an election under paragraph (1)(c); and

                     (d)  a company that was in the designated company group immediately before the end of the year of tax has made an election under paragraph (1)(c) in relation to the year of tax;

the election covered by paragraph (c) of this subsection is taken not to have been in effect for the year of tax.

Designated company group—deemed election under paragraph (1)(d) etc.

             (9)  If:

                     (a)  a person has made an election under paragraph (1)(d) in relation to a year of tax; and

                     (b)  at the time when the person made the election, the person was the head company of a designated company group; and

                     (c)  immediately before the end of the year of tax, the person is the head company of a designated company group (the current designated company group);

then:

                     (d)  each other company that was in the current designated company group immediately before the end of the year of tax is taken to have made an election under paragraph (1)(d) in relation to the year of tax; and

                     (e)  an election covered by paragraph (d):

                              (i)  is taken to have been in effect for the year of tax; and

                             (ii)  supersedes any previous election made by the other company that was in effect for the year of tax.

           (10)  If:

                     (a)  a person has made an election under paragraph (1)(d); and

                     (b)  at the time when the person made the election, the person was the head company of a designated company group; and

                     (c)  the election is in effect for a year of tax; and

                     (d)  during the year of tax, the person ceased to be the head company of the designated company group; and

                     (e)  immediately before the end of the year of tax, another company is the head company of the designated company group;

then:

                      (f)  the company covered by paragraph (e) of this subsection is taken to have made an election under paragraph (1)(d); and

                     (g)  an election covered by paragraph (f) of this subsection:

                              (i)  is taken to have been in effect for the year of tax; and

                             (ii)  supersedes any previous election made by the company that was in effect for the year of tax; and

                     (h)  each other company that was in the designated company group immediately before the end of the year of tax is taken to have made an election under paragraph (1)(d); and

                      (i)  an election covered by paragraph (h) of this subsection:

                              (i)  is taken to have been in effect for the year of tax; and

                             (ii)  supersedes any previous election made by the other company that was in effect for the year of tax.

           (11)  If:

                     (a)  immediately before the end of a year of tax, a person is the head company of a designated company group; and

                     (b)  the person is not taken, under subsection (10), to have made an election under paragraph (1)(d) that is in effect for the year of tax; and

                     (c)  the person has not made an election under paragraph (1)(d) that:

                              (i)  relates to the year of tax; and

                             (ii)  under subsection (9), results in each other company that was in the designated company group immediately before the end of the year of tax being taken to have made an election under paragraph (1)(d); and

                     (d)  a company that was in the designated company group immediately before the end of the year of tax has made an election under paragraph (1)(d) in relation to the year of tax;

the election covered by paragraph (c) of this subsection is taken not to have been in effect for the year of tax.

58K  Special translation rules—events that happened before the current election took effect

Class 1 augmented bond rate general expenditure, class 1 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure and class 2 augmented bond rate general expenditure

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person has made an election under section 58B (the current election) with effect from the start of a particular year of tax; and

                     (b)  any of the following subparagraphs applies:

                              (i)  under subsection 33(3), an amount is taken to be class 1 augmented bond rate general expenditure incurred by the person in relation to a petroleum project on the first day of the year of tax;

                             (ii)  under subsection 34(3), an amount is taken to be class 1 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure incurred by the person in relation to a petroleum project on the first day of the year of tax;

                            (iii)  under subsection 34A(4), an amount is taken to be class 2 augmented bond rate general expenditure incurred by the person on the first day of the year of tax; and

                     (c)  as a result of the current election, section 58D requires that the amount be translated into the applicable functional currency;

the amount is to be translated into the applicable functional currency at the exchange rate applicable when the current election took effect.

Class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure, class 2 GDP factor expenditure and transferable exploration expenditure

             (2)  For the purpose of working out:

                     (a)  the class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure; or

                     (b)  the class 2 GDP factor expenditure; or

                     (c)  the transferable exploration expenditure;

that a person is taken to have incurred in a year of tax in relation to a petroleum project, if:

                     (d)  the person has made an election (the current election) under section 58B; and

                     (e)  the current election is in effect for the year of tax; and

                      (f)  section 58D requires that an amount of expenditure be translated into the applicable functional currency; and

                     (g)  the expenditure was actually incurred before the current election took effect;

the expenditure is to be translated into the applicable functional currency at the exchange rate applicable when the current election took effect.

58L  Withdrawal of election

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person has made an election under section 58B (other than an election taken to have been made as a result of the application of subsection 58B(4) or paragraph 58B(5)(h) to a designated company group); and

                     (b)  the person’s applicable functional currency has ceased to be the sole or predominant currency in which the person keeps the person’s accounts;

the person may withdraw the election with effect from immediately after the end of the year of tax in which the person withdraws the election.

             (2)  A withdrawal must be in writing.

             (3)  Withdrawing an election does not prevent the person from making a fresh election under section 58B.

Designated company groups—deemed withdrawal of election etc

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a person withdraws an election under section 58B with effect from immediately after the end of the year of tax in which the person withdraws the election; and

                     (b)  at the time when the withdrawal is made, the person is the head company of a designated company group;

each other company in the designated company group is taken to have withdrawn the other company’s section 58B election with effect from immediately after the end of the year of tax.

58M  Special translation rules—events that happened before the withdrawal of an election took effect

Class 1 augmented bond rate general expenditure, class 1 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure and class 2 augmented bond rate general expenditure

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person withdraws an election under section 58B with effect from immediately after the end of a year of tax; and

                     (b)  the person does not make a fresh election under section 58B with effect from the start of the next year of tax; and

                     (c)  any of the following subparagraphs applies:

                              (i)  under subsection 33(3), an amount is taken to be class 1 augmented bond rate general expenditure incurred by the person in relation to a petroleum project on the first day of the next year of tax;

                             (ii)  under subsection 34(3), an amount is taken to be class 1 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure incurred by the person in relation to a petroleum project on the first day of the next year of tax;

                            (iii)  under subsection 34A(4), an amount is taken to be class 2 augmented bond rate general expenditure incurred by the person on the first day of the next year of tax; and

                     (d)  section 10 requires that the amount be translated into Australian currency;

the amount is to be translated into Australian currency at the exchange rate applicable at the start of the next year of tax.

Class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure, class 2 GDP factor expenditure and transferable exploration expenditure

             (2)  For the purpose of working out:

                     (a)  the class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure; or

                     (b)  the class 2 GDP factor expenditure; or

                     (c)  the transferable exploration expenditure;

that a person is taken to have incurred in a year of tax in relation to a petroleum project, if:

                     (d)  a person withdraws an election under section 58B with effect from immediately after the end of an earlier year of tax; and

                     (e)  the person has not made an election under section 58B with effect from the start of an intervening year of tax; and

                      (f)  section 10 requires that an amount of expenditure be translated into Australian currency; and

                     (g)  the expenditure was actually incurred before the withdrawal of the election took effect;

the expenditure is to be translated into Australian currency at the exchange rate applicable at the start of the next year of tax after that earlier year of tax.


 

Part VIReturns and assessments

Division 1Returns

59  Annual returns

             (1)  Where a person derives assessable receipts in a year of tax in relation to a petroleum project, the person shall, unless the person has furnished a return or returns under section 60 in relation to the project in relation to the year of tax, furnish to the Commissioner a return in relation to the project in relation to the year of tax not later than 60 days after the end of the year of tax or such later date as the Commissioner allows.

             (2)  A return under subsection (1) shall:

                     (a)  be in the approved form;

                     (b)  be furnished in accordance with the regulations;

                     (c)  be signed by or on behalf of the person furnishing the return;

                     (d)  specify, in relation to the petroleum project and the year of tax concerned, the assessable receipts and deductible expenditure of the person; and

                     (e)  contain such other information as is required for the due completion of the form of return.

             (3)  A return under this section in relation to a petroleum project must be accompanied by a copy of any notice given to the person under subsection 48(3) or 48A(11) in relation to the project:

                     (a)  since the person last gave the Commissioner a return under this section or section 60 in relation to the project; or

                     (b)  if the person has not previously given a return to the Commissioner under this section or section 60 in relation to the project—since the person acquired an entitlement to derive assessable receipts in relation to the project.

Note 1:       Subdivision 388‑B in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 applies to approved forms under this section.

Note 2:       Under Divisions 357 to 360 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953, the Commissioner may make a ruling about the application of this Act as it affects a person’s tax liability.

60  Other returns

             (1)  Where the Commissioner, by notice in writing served on a person, requires the person to furnish to the Commissioner a return in relation to a petroleum project in relation to a year of tax, the person shall furnish the return to the Commissioner, whether or not the person has furnished, or was required to furnish, a return under section 59 or this section in relation to the project in relation to the year of tax.

             (2)  A return under subsection (1) shall:

                    (aa)  be in the approved form; and

                     (a)  be furnished in the manner and within the time required by the Commissioner in the notice; and

                     (b)  specify, in relation to the petroleum project and the year of tax concerned, the assessable receipts and deductible expenditure of the person; and

                     (c)  contain such other information as is required in the notice.

             (3)  A return under this section in relation to a petroleum project must be accompanied by a copy of any notice given to the person under subsection 48(3) or 48A(11) in relation to the project:

                     (a)  since the person last gave the Commissioner a return under this section or section 59 in relation to the project; or

                     (b)  if the person has not previously given a return to the Commissioner under this section or section 59 in relation to the project—since the person acquired an entitlement to derive assessable receipts in relation to the project.

Note:          Subdivision 388‑B in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 applies to approved forms under this section.


 

Division 2Assessments (general)

61  Making assessments

                   The Commissioner must, from returns and any other information in the Commissioner’s possession, make an assessment of the amount of a person’s taxable profit (or that a person has no taxable profit) in relation to a year of tax and a petroleum project, and of the tax payable on that amount (or that no tax is payable).

62  Self‑assessment

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  at a particular time, a person gives a return to the Commissioner in relation to a year of tax and a petroleum project; and

                     (b)  before that time, no return has been given, and no assessment has been made, in relation to the person, the year of tax and the project.

             (2)  The Commissioner is taken to have made an assessment of the amount of the person’s taxable profit (or that the person has no taxable profit) in relation to the year of tax and the project, and of the tax payable on that amount (or that no tax is payable), in accordance with what the person specified in the return.

             (3)  The assessment is taken to have been made on the day the return is given to the Commissioner.

             (4)  On and after the day the Commissioner is taken to have made the assessment, the return is taken to be a notice of the assessment:

                     (a)  under the hand of the Commissioner; and

                     (b)  given to the person on the day the Commissioner is taken to have made the assessment.

63  Default assessments

             (1)  The Commissioner may make an assessment of the amount of a person’s taxable profit (or that a person has no taxable profit) upon which, in the opinion of the Commissioner, tax is payable by the person, and of the amount of that tax (or that no tax is payable), if:

                     (a)  the person makes default in giving a return to the Commissioner; or

                     (b)  the Commissioner is not satisfied with the person’s return; or

                     (c)  the person has not given a return to the Commissioner, and the Commissioner has reason to believe that the person is liable to pay tax.

             (2)  As soon as practicable after an assessment under subsection (1) is made, the Commissioner must give notice in writing of the assessment to the person.

64  Reliance on information in returns and statements

             (1)  The Commissioner may accept (in whole or in part) the following for the purposes of making an assessment in relation to a person, a year of tax and a petroleum project:

                     (a)  a statement in a return of the assessable receipts, deductible expenditure or transferable exploration expenditure in relation to the project;

                     (b)  any other statement in the return, or otherwise, made by or on behalf of the person.

             (2)  In determining whether an assessment is correct, any determination, opinion or judgment of the Commissioner made, held or formed in connection with the consideration of an objection against the assessment is taken to have been made, held or formed when the assessment was made.

65  Validity of assessments

                   The validity of an assessment is not affected by a failure to comply with this Act.

66  Objections to assessments

(1)   A person who is dissatisfied with an assessment made in relation to the person may object against it in the manner set out in Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

(2)   A person cannot object against an assessment ascertaining that no tax is payable by the person in relation to a year of tax and a petroleum project, unless the person is seeking an increase in the person’s tax liability.

Division 3Assessments (amendment)

67  Amendment of assessments

             (1)  The Commissioner may amend an assessment in relation to a person within 4 years after the day on which notice of the assessment was given to the person.

Note 1:       If a person’s return is taken to be an assessment under section 62, the Commissioner is taken to have given a notice of assessment to the person on the day the person gave the return to the Commissioner: see subsection 62(4).

Note 2:       The amendment period may be extended: see sections 69, 70 and 71.

             (2)  In addition, the Commissioner may amend an assessment at any time:

                     (a)  if he or she is of the opinion there has been fraud or evasion; or

                     (b)  to give effect to a decision on a review or appeal; or

                     (c)  as a result of an objection, or pending a review or appeal; or

                     (d)  to give effect to a determination under paragraph 53(1)(c); or

                     (e)  to take account of the operation of subsection 5(4), 20(8), 45A(3), 45B(3) or 45C(6).

             (3)  As soon as practicable after the Commissioner amends an assessment in relation to a person, the Commissioner must give notice in writing of the amended assessment to the person.

Note:          This section applies to assessments even if no tax is payable: see the definition of assessment in section 2.

68  Amended assessments taken to be assessments

                   An amended assessment is taken to be an assessment for the purposes of this Act, except as otherwise provided.

69  Amending amended assessments

Limit on amending amended assessments under subsection 67(1)

             (1)  The Commissioner cannot amend an amended assessment under subsection 67(1) if the period mentioned in that subsection in relation to the original assessment concerned has ended.

Note:          The Commissioner may amend amended assessments at any time if subsection 67(2) applies.

Refreshed amendment period for amending amended assessments

             (2)  The Commissioner may amend an amended assessment (the earlier amended assessment), to increase a person’s liability in relation to a particular, within 4 years after the day the Commissioner gave the person notice of the earlier amended assessment, if:

                     (a)  the earlier amended assessment reduced the person’s liability in relation to the particular; and

                     (b)  the Commissioner accepted a statement made by the person in making the earlier amended assessment.

             (3)  The Commissioner may also amend an amended assessment (the earlier amended assessment), to reduce a person’s liability in relation to a particular, within 4 years after the day the Commissioner gave the person notice of the earlier amended assessment, if:

                     (a)  the earlier amended assessment increased the person’s liability in relation to the particular; or

                     (b)  the earlier amended assessment reduced the person’s liability in relation to the particular, but paragraph (2)(b) does not apply.

             (4)  The Commissioner cannot amend an assessment under subsection (3) in relation to a particular if the Commissioner has previously amended an assessment under subsection (2) in relation to that particular.

Note 1:       The earlier amended assessment may be an amendment of the original assessment or of a previous amendment of the original assessment.

Note 2:       The Commissioner may amend the earlier amended assessment at any time if subsection 67(2) applies.

Note 3:       The amendment period mentioned in this section may be extended under section 70.

70  Extended periods for amendment—taxpayer applications and private rulings

Taxpayer applications

             (1)  The Commissioner may amend an assessment in relation to a person after the end of the limited amendment period if the person applied for the amendment in the approved form before the end of the period.

Private rulings

             (2)  The Commissioner may amend an assessment in relation to a person after the end of the limited amendment period if:

                     (a)  the person applied for a private ruling under Division 359 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 before the end of the period; and

                     (b)  the Commissioner made a private ruling under that Division; and

                     (c)  the amendment gives effect to the ruling.

             (3)  In this section:

limited amendment period, for the amendment of an assessment, means the period mentioned in subsection 67(1) or 69(2) or (3) for the amendment of the assessment.

71  Extended periods for amendment—Federal Court orders and taxpayer consent

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  the Commissioner has started to examine the affairs of a person in relation to an assessment; and

                     (b)  the Commissioner has not completed the examination before the end of the limited amendment period, or that period as extended under this section.

             (2)  The limited amendment period is extended for an additional period if:

                     (a)  on an application by the Commissioner before the end of the limited amendment period (or that period as extended under this section), the Federal Court of Australia orders the extension for the additional period; or

                     (b)  before the end of the limited amendment period (or that period as extended under this section):

                              (i)  the Commissioner requests the person to consent to the extension of the limited amendment period; and

                             (ii)  the person, by notice in writing, consents to the extension for the additional period.

             (3)  The Federal Court of Australia may order an extension of the limited amendment period under paragraph (2)(a) only if the Court is satisfied that it was not reasonably practicable, or that it was inappropriate, for the Commissioner to complete the examination within the limited amendment period (or that period as extended under this section), because of:

                     (a)  any action taken by the person; or

                     (b)  any failure of the person to take action that would have been reasonable for the person to take.

             (4)  The limited amendment period may be extended more than once under this section.

             (5)  In this section:

limited amendment period, for the amendment of an assessment, means the period mentioned in subsection 67(1) or 69(2) or (3) for the amendment of the assessment.

72  Refund of overpaid amounts

             (1)  If, because of an amendment of an assessment, a person’s liability (the earlier liability) to tax or a related charge is reduced, the amount by which the tax or charge is so reduced is taken never to have been payable for the purposes of:

                     (a)  section 85 (which applies the general interest charge); and

                     (b)  Division 280 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 (which applies the shortfall interest charge).

Note:          The general interest charge is worked out under Division 1 of Part IIA of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

             (2)  The Commissioner must refund or apply the amount of any tax overpaid in accordance with Divisions 3 and 3A of Part IIB of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

             (3)  However, if a later amendment of the assessment is made and all or some of the person’s earlier liability in relation to a particular is reinstated, subsection (1) is taken not to have applied, or not to have applied to the extent that the earlier liability is reinstated.

Note:          If the amendment of an assessment results in an increase in a person’s tax liability, the person is liable to pay shortfall interest charge on the amount of the increase: see Division 280 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953.


 

Part VIIICollection and recovery of tax

Division 1General

82  When tax and shortfall interest charge payable

Self‑assessment and default assessment

             (1)  Tax assessed in relation to a year of tax in accordance with an assessment under Division 2 of Part VI in relation to a person is due and payable by the person on the 60th day after the end of the year of tax.

Amended assessments

             (2)  Tax assessed in relation to a year of tax in accordance with an amended assessment in relation to a person is due and payable on the later of the following days:

                     (a)  the 21st day after the day on which the Commissioner gives the person notice of the amended assessment;

                     (b)  the 60th day after the end of the year of tax.

Shortfall interest charge

             (3)  Shortfall interest charge payable by a person in relation to an assessment is due and payable on the 21st day after the day on which the Commissioner gives the person notice of the amount of the charge.

Note 1:       The Commissioner may defer the time at which tax or the shortfall interest charge is, or would become, due and payable: see section 255‑10 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

Note 2:       For provisions about collection and recovery of tax or the shortfall interest charge, see Part 4‑15 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

85  Unpaid tax and charges

             (1)  A person is liable to pay the general interest charge on any amount of any of the following that remains unpaid after the time by which payment is due:

                     (a)  tax the person is liable to pay;

                     (b)  shortfall interest charge the person is liable to pay in relation to tax;

                     (c)  instalment transfer interest charge the person is liable to pay in relation to an instalment of tax.

Note:          The general interest charge is worked out under Part IIA of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

             (2)  The person is liable to pay the general interest charge for each day in the period that:

                     (a)  started at the beginning of the day by which the tax, shortfall interest charge or instalment transfer interest charge was due to be paid; and

                     (b)  finishes at the end of the last day on which, at the end of the day, any of the following remains unpaid:

                              (i)  the tax, shortfall interest charge or instalment transfer interest charge;

                             (ii)  general interest charge on any of the tax, shortfall interest charge or instalment transfer interest charge.

92  Person in receipt or control of money of non‑resident

             (1)  A person who has authority to receive, control or dispose of money belonging to a non‑resident who is liable to an amount of tax or related charge shall, when required by the Commissioner by notice in writing served on the person, pay the amount of tax or charge  and, by force of this section, is, when so required:

                     (a)  authorised and required to retain from time to time any money that comes to the person on behalf of the non‑resident or so much of it as is sufficient to pay the amount of tax or charge payable by the non‑resident;

                     (b)  made personally liable for the amount of tax or charge after it becomes payable to the extent of any amount so retained, or which should have been so retained, under paragraph (a); and

                     (c)  indemnified for all payments that the person makes pursuant to this section.

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), a person who is liable to pay money to a non‑resident shall be deemed to be a person who has the control of money belonging to the non‑resident, and all money due by the person to the non‑resident shall be deemed to be money that comes to the person on behalf of the non‑resident.

             (3)  Where the Commonwealth, a State or Territory, or an authority of the Commonwealth, a State or Territory, has the receipt, control or disposal of money belonging to a non‑resident, this section (other than paragraph (1)(b)) applies to and in relation to the Commonwealth, the State or the Territory, or the authority of the Commonwealth, of the State or of the Territory, as the case may be, in the same manner as it applies to and in relation to any other person.


 

Division 2Collection by instalments

93  Interpretation

             (1)  In sections 85, 92 and 109, but not in any other section of this Act, tax includes an instalment of tax payable under this Division.

             (2)  The ascertainment of the notional tax amount, or the amount of any instalment of tax, in accordance with this Division shall not be deemed to be an assessment within the meaning of any of the provisions of this Act.

             (3)  All amounts of instalments of tax shall be calculated to the nearest dollar.

94  Liability to pay instalments of tax

                   For the purpose of securing generally the more expeditious collection of tax, a person is liable to pay, in accordance with this Division, 3 instalments of tax in respect of each year of tax of the person in relation to a petroleum project, being a year of tax commencing on or after 1 July 1987.

95  When instalment of tax is payable

                   Subject to this Division, the 3 instalments of tax payable in respect of a year of tax of a person in relation to a petroleum project are due and payable respectively on 21 October, 21 January and 21 April in the year of tax concerned.

Note:          For provisions about collection and recovery of an instalment of tax, see Part 4‑15 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

96  Amount of instalment of tax

                   The amount payable by a person as an instalment of tax is the notional tax amount in relation to the instalment period in relation to the instalment.

97  Notional tax amount

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), the notional tax amount of a person, in relation to a petroleum project and an instalment period in a year of tax, is the amount worked out in accordance with the formula:

where:

Current period liability means the amount worked out under subsection (1A).

Previous period liability means the amount worked out under subsection (1B).

          (1A)  For the purposes of subsection (1), the current period liability is an amount equal to the tax that would be payable by the person in relation to the petroleum project if:

                     (a)  the instalment period were the year of tax; and

                    (aa)  without limiting paragraph (a)—any instalment transfers in relation to the instalment period were annual transfers in relation to the year of tax; and

                     (b)  the amounts that were taken by subsections 33(3), 34(3), 34A(4), 35(3) and 36(1) (including because of section 48) to be incurred by the person in relation to the project on the first day of the year of tax were instead only the instalment percentages of those amounts; and

                     (c)  the amounts that would, for the purposes of the Schedule, be the incurred exploration expenditure amounts in relation to financial years before the year of tax were instead only the instalment percentages of those amounts.

Note:          Division 3A of Part V may require or permit the transfer (by instalment transfer) of transferable exploration expenditure in relation to instalment periods: see section 45E.

       (1AA)  If the whole or a part of the assessable petroleum receipts that would be taken into account in working out the current period liability were determined under subparagraph 24(1)(d)(i) or paragraph 24(1)(e) (the special calculation provisions), then, in calculating the current period liability under subsection (1A):

                     (a)  any assessable petroleum receipts determined under the special calculation provisions are to be excluded; and

                     (b)  the amount worked out in accordance with the regulations in respect of those assessable petroleum receipts is to be included.

          (1B)  For the purposes of subsection (1), the previous period liability is an amount equal to the sum of the notional tax amounts (if any) worked out under subsection (1) in relation to the person, the petroleum project and any earlier instalment periods in the year of tax.

          (1C)  If the petroleum project is a combined project, the references in paragraph (1A)(b) and subsection (1B) to the project are to be read as including references to the pre‑combination projects in relation to the project.

             (2)  Where:

                     (a)  a person has not furnished information under section 98 in relation to an instalment of tax; or

                     (b)  the Commissioner is not satisfied with the information furnished by a person under section 98 in relation to an instalment of tax;

                   the Commissioner may determine that the notional tax amount of the person in respect of the period to which the instalment of tax relates is such amount that, in the opinion of the Commissioner, might reasonably be expected to be the notional tax amount, ascertained in accordance with subsection (1), of the person in respect of the instalment period.

             (3)  As soon as practicable after a determination is made under subsection (2) in relation to a person, the Commissioner shall cause notice of the determination to be served on the person.

98  Instalment statement

             (1)  Where a person is liable to pay an instalment of tax in respect of an instalment period, the person shall, not later than the date on which the instalment is due and payable or such later date as the Commissioner allows, furnish, in accordance with the approved form, such information relating to the basis of the calculation of that instalment as is required by the form.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to an instalment of tax that a person is liable to pay in respect of an instalment period where the amount of the instalment in relation to the instalment period and in relation to each preceding instalment period (if any) is nil.

98A  Instalment transfer interest charge—liability

Situation in which charge applies

             (1)  Subject to subsections (2) and (3), this section applies to a person (the liable person) in relation to an amount of expenditure (the instalment transfer excess) if:

                     (a)  an instalment transfer of the amount in relation to an instalment period in a year of tax is made:

                              (i)  by the liable person to a petroleum project under section 45A (as the section applies because of section 45E); or

                             (ii)  to the liable person in relation to a petroleum project under section 45B (as the section applies because of section 45E); and

                     (b)  an annual transfer, in relation to the year of tax, of the amount to the same project, or to the liable person in relation to the same project, cannot be made because of the application of clause 22 or 31 of the Schedule (whether or not there is any other reason preventing such an annual transfer).

Note 1:       This section may apply separately to a person in relation to 2 or more instalment transfers in the same year of tax, even if the same instalment transfer amount is transferred between the same projects or companies by each instalment transfer (as allowed under subsection 45E(6)).

Note 2:       If a transfer is made by the Commissioner under section 45C because of a failure of a person to make a transfer as required by section 45A or 45B, the transfer is taken to be a transfer by the person under section 45A or 45B (as the case requires): see subsection 45C(4).

Instalment transfer excess—offsets

             (2)  The amount of the instalment transfer excess (as it would be apart from this subsection), in relation to a petroleum project, is reduced by:

                     (a)  an amount equal to so much of the excess as must be applied or transferred to reduce or eliminate any person’s taxable profit in relation to any petroleum project and the year of tax; and

                     (b)  any amount of expenditure that must be transferred, by annual transfer in relation to the year of tax, to the project, or to the liable person in relation to the project, because the excess cannot be transferred as mentioned in paragraph (1)(b).

             (3)  This section does not apply if the instalment transfer excess is reduced to zero (or a negative amount) by the operation of subsection (2).

Liability to pay charge

             (4)  The liable person is liable to pay a charge (the instalment transfer interest charge) on the instalment transfer excess for each day in the following period (the instalment transfer charge period) in the year of tax:

                     (a)  if the instalment period to which the excess relates is the first instalment period in the year—the period:

                              (i)  starting at the start of the day on which instalments of tax are due and payable for the first instalment period in the year; and

                             (ii)  ending immediately before the day on which instalments of tax are due and payable in relation to the second instalment period in the year;

                     (b)  if the instalment period to which the excess relates is the second instalment period in the year—the period:

                              (i)  starting at the start of the day on which instalments of tax are due and payable for the second instalment period in the year; and

                             (ii)  ending immediately before the day on which instalments of tax are due and payable in relation to the third instalment period in the year;

                     (c)  if the instalment period to which the excess relates is the third instalment period in the year—the period:

                              (i)  starting at the start of the day on which instalments of tax are due and payable for the third instalment period in the year; and

                             (ii)  ending immediately before the day on which tax is due and payable in relation to the year of tax.

Note 1:       For when instalments of tax are payable, see section 95. For when tax is payable in relation to the year of tax, see section 82.

Note 2:       For the amount of the charge, see section 98B. For when the charge is payable, see section 98C. For remission of the charge, see section 98D.

Charge payable even if person has transferred interest in project

             (5)  Despite sections 48 and 48A, the liable person remains liable for the full amount of the instalment transfer interest charge even if the liable person enters into a transaction that has the effect, after the end of the instalment period, of transferring part or all of the liable person’s entitlement to derive assessable receipts in relation to the project.

Statement about charge

             (6)  The liable person must, on or before the 60th day after the end of the year of tax, give the Commissioner information, in the approved form, for use in working out the instalment transfer interest charge.

Note:          Subdivision 388‑B in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 applies to approved forms under this section.

             (7)  In this section:

first instalment period, in a year of tax, means the instalment period ending at the end of September in that year.

second instalment period, in a year of tax, means the instalment period ending at the end of December in that year.

third instalment period, in a year of tax, means the instalment period ending at the end of March in that year.

98B  Instalment transfer interest charge—amount

             (1)  The instalment transfer interest charge on an amount of instalment transfer excess, for a day in an instalment transfer charge period, is worked out by multiplying the rate worked out under subsection (2) by the sum of the following amounts:

                     (a)  the instalment transfer tax; and

                     (b)  the instalment transfer interest charge payable on the excess for the previous days in the instalment transfer charge period.

             (2)  The rate is:

             (3)  In this section:

base interest rate, for a day, has the meaning given by section 8AAD of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

instalment transfer tax is the amount worked out by multiplying the instalment transfer excess by the rate at which tax is imposed by the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Act 1987 in relation to the year of tax in which the instalment period to which the excess relates occurred.

98C  Instalment transfer interest charge—notification and payment

Notice of charge payable

             (1)  The Commissioner must give a liable person a notice stating the amount of instalment transfer interest charge that the liable person is liable to pay for an instalment transfer charge period.

             (2)  The notice may be included in any other notice given to the liable person by the Commissioner.

             (3)  A notice given by the Commissioner under this section is prima facie evidence of the matters stated in the notice.

Note:          See also section 106.

When payment is due

             (4)  An amount of instalment transfer interest charge that the liable person is liable to pay is due and payable on the 21st day after the day on which the Commissioner gives the liable person notice of the amount of the charge under this section.

Note:          The Commissioner may defer the time at which the charge is, or would become, due and payable: see section 255‑10 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

98D  Instalment transfer interest charge—remission

Remitting the charge

             (1)  The Commissioner may remit the whole or a part of an amount of instalment transfer interest charge that a liable person is liable to pay if the Commissioner considers it fair and reasonable to do so.

Reasons for not remitting

             (2)  The Commissioner must give the liable person a written statement of the reasons for a decision not to remit an amount of instalment transfer interest charge that the liable person is liable to pay, if the liable person requests the Commissioner, in the approved form, to remit the amount.

Note 1:       Section 25D of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 sets out rules about the contents of a statement of reasons.

Note 2:       Subdivision 388‑B in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 applies to approved forms under this section.

Objecting against remission decision

             (3)  The liable person may object, in the manner set out in Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953, against a decision of the Commissioner not to remit an amount of instalment transfer interest charge that the liable person is liable to pay.

99  Application of payments of instalments of tax

                   Where:

                     (a)  a person has paid an amount in respect of an instalment of tax in respect of a year of tax, in relation to a petroleum project (including in the case of a combined project any pre‑ combination project in relation to the project); and

                     (b)  an assessment has been made of the amount of tax payable by the person in respect of the year of tax in relation to the project;

the Commissioner shall credit the amount so paid in payment successively of:

                     (c)  any tax payable by the person in respect of the year of tax in respect of the petroleum project, whether or not that tax is due for payment; and

                     (d)  any other liability to the Commonwealth of the person entitled to the credit arising under or by virtue of this Act or any other Act of which the Commissioner has the general administration;

and shall refund to the person so much of the amount as is not credited.

100  Unpaid instalments

             (1)  If, on the date on which tax becomes due and payable by a person in respect of a year of tax in relation to a petroleum project, the whole or a part of an amount payable as an instalment of tax in respect of that year of tax in relation to the project (including in the case of a combined project any pre‑combination project in relation to the project) has not been paid and there is no other instalment in respect of that year of tax in relation to the project the whole or a part of which has not been paid:

                     (a)  where no part of the tax in respect of that year of tax has been paid—so much (if any) of the amount unpaid in respect of that instalment as exceeds the amount of that tax ceases on that date to be payable;

                     (b)  where part only of the tax in respect of that year of tax has been paid—so much (if any) of the amount unpaid in respect of that instalment as exceeds the amount of that tax that has not been paid ceases on that date to be payable; or

                     (c)  where the whole of the tax in respect of that year of tax has been paid—the amount unpaid in respect of that instalment ceases on that date to be payable.

             (2)  If, on the date on which tax becomes due and payable by a person in respect of a year of tax in relation to a petroleum project, there are 2 or more instalments of tax in respect of that year of tax in relation to the project (including in the case of a combined project any pre‑combination project in relation to the project) the whole or a part of each of which has not been paid:

                     (a)  where no part of the tax in respect of that year of tax has been paid or part only of that tax has been paid—the Commissioner may determine that the whole or any part of all or any of the amounts unpaid in respect of those instalments shall cease on that date to be payable; or

                     (b)  where the whole of the tax in respect of that year of tax has been paid—each of the amounts unpaid in respect of those instalments ceases on that date to be payable.

             (3)  In making a determination for the purposes of subsection (2), the Commissioner shall have regard to:

                     (a)  the extent (if any) to which the sum of the amounts unpaid in respect of the instalments of tax referred to in that subsection exceeds the amount of the tax referred to in that subsection that has not been paid; and

                     (b)  any other relevant matters.

             (4)  Where, by reason of the making of a determination by the Commissioner under subsection (2), the amount payable by a person as an instalment has been reduced or an instalment is not payable, the Commissioner shall cause to be served on the person a notice in writing specifying the reduced amount as the amount that is payable as the instalment or stating that the instalment is not payable, as the case may be.


 

Part IXPenalty tax

  

100A  Part to stop applying

                   This Part does not apply to a return, or information, relating to the year of tax starting on 1 July 2000 or a later year of tax.

Note:          See instead Division 284 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

101  Penalty for failure to furnish return

             (1)  Where a person refuses or fails to furnish, when and as required under or pursuant to this Act to do so, a return, or any information, relating to a year of tax in relation to a petroleum project, being a return relevant to or information relevant to ascertaining the person’s liability under this Act, the person is liable to pay, by way of penalty, additional tax equal to double the amount of tax payable by the person in respect of the year of tax in relation to the petroleum project.

             (2)  Where, but for this subsection, an amount of additional tax, being an amount less than $20, is payable by a person under this section in respect of an act or omission, then, by force of this subsection, the amount of additional tax shall be taken to be $20.

102  Penalty for false or misleading statements

             (1)  Where:

                     (a)  a person:

                              (i)  makes a statement to a taxation officer, or to a person other than a taxation officer for a purpose in connection with the operation of this Act, that is false or misleading in a material particular; or

                             (ii)  omits from a statement made to a taxation officer, or to a person other than a taxation officer for a purpose in connection with the operation of this Act, any matter or thing without which the statement is misleading in a material particular; and

                     (b)  the tax properly payable by the person exceeds the tax that would have been payable by the person if it were assessed on the basis that the statement were not false or misleading, as the case may be;

the person is liable to pay, by way of penalty, additional tax equal to double the amount of the excess.

             (2)  Where, but for this subsection, an amount of additional tax, being an amount less than $20, is payable by a person under this section in respect of an act or omission, then, by force of this subsection, the amount of the additional tax shall be taken to be $20.

             (3)  A reference in subsection (1) to a statement made to a taxation officer is a reference to a statement made to a taxation officer orally, in writing, in a data processing device or in any other form and, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, includes a statement:

                     (a)  made in an application, certificate, notification, declaration, objection, return or other document made, given or furnished, under or pursuant to this Act;

                     (b)  made in answer to a question asked of a person under or pursuant to this Act;

                     (c)  made in any information furnished, or purporting to be furnished, under or pursuant to this Act; or

                     (d)  made in a document furnished to a taxation officer otherwise than under or pursuant to this Act;

but does not include a statement made in a document produced pursuant to paragraph 108(1)(c).

             (4)  A reference in subsection (1) to a statement made to a person other than a taxation officer for a purpose in connection with the operation of this Act is a reference to such a statement made orally, in writing, in a data processing device or in any other form and, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, includes such a statement:

                     (a)  made in an application, certificate, declaration, notification or other document made, given or furnished to the person;

                     (b)  made in answer to a question asked by the person; or

                     (c)  made in any information furnished to the person.

             (5)  In this section:

data processing device means any article or material from which information is capable of being reproduced with or without the aid of any other article or device.

taxation officer means a person exercising powers, or performing functions under, pursuant to or in relation to this Act.

103  Penalty tax where arrangement to avoid tax

                   Where:

                     (a)  for the purpose of making an assessment or arising out of the consideration of an objection, the Commissioner has calculated the tax that is assessable to a person in respect of a year of tax in relation to a petroleum project;

                     (b)  in calculating the tax assessable to the person, a determination or determinations made by the Commissioner under subsection 53(1) was or were taken into account; and

                     (c)  either of the following subparagraphs applies:

                              (i)  no tax would have been assessable to the person in respect of the year of tax in relation to the petroleum project if no determination had been made under subsection 53(1) in relation to the person in relation to the year of tax in relation to the petroleum project;

                             (ii)  the amount of tax (in this section referred to as the amount of claimed tax) that would, but for this section, have been assessable to the person in respect of the year of tax in relation to the project if no determination had been made under subsection 53(1) in relation to the person in relation to the year of tax is less than the amount of tax referred to in paragraph (a);

the person is liable to pay, by way of penalty, additional tax equal to:

                     (d)  in a case to which subparagraph (c)(i) applies—double the amount of the tax referred to in paragraph (a); or

                     (e)  in a case to which subparagraph (c)(ii) applies—double the amount by which the amount of tax referred to in paragraph (a) exceeds the amount of claimed tax.

104  Assessment of additional tax

             (1)  The Commissioner shall make an assessment of the additional tax payable by a person under a provision of this Part and shall, as soon as practicable after the assessment is made, cause notice in writing of the assessment to be served on the person.

             (2)  Nothing in this Act shall be taken to preclude notice of an assessment made in respect of a person under subsection (1) from being incorporated in notice of any other assessment made in respect of the person under this Act.

             (3)  The Commissioner may, in the Commissioner’s discretion, remit the whole or any part of the additional tax payable by a person under a provision of this Part, but, for the purposes of the application of subsection 33(1) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 to the power of remission conferred by this subsection, nothing in this Act shall be taken to preclude the exercise of the power at a time before an assessment is made under subsection (1) of the additional tax.


 

Part XMiscellaneous

  

105  Judicial notice of signature

                   All courts and tribunals, and all judges and persons acting judicially or authorised by law or consent of parties to hear, receive and examine evidence, shall take judicial notice of the signature of a person who holds or has held the office of Commissioner, Second Commissioner or Deputy Commissioner attached or appended to any official document in connection with this Act.

106  Evidence

             (1)  The mere production of:

                     (a)  a notice of assessment; or

                     (b)  a document under the hand of the Commissioner, a Second Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner purporting to be a copy of a notice of assessment;

is conclusive evidence of the due making of the assessment and, except in proceedings under Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 on a review or appeal relating to the assessment, that the amounts and all of the particulars of the assessment are correct.

             (2)  The mere production of a document under the hand of the Commissioner, a Second Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner purporting to be a copy of a document issued or given by the Commissioner, a Second Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner is conclusive evidence that the second‑mentioned document was so issued or given.

             (3)  The mere production of a document under the hand of the Commissioner, a Second Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner purporting to be a copy of, or an extract from, a return, a notice of assessment or a notice under section 98C is evidence of the matter set out in the document to the same extent as the original return or notice, as the case may be, would be if it were produced.

          (3A)  To avoid doubt, subsection (3) applies to a copy or an extract of a document that was given to the Commissioner on a data processing device or by way of electronic transmission, unless the person by whom the original of the document was purportedly authorised can show that the person did not authorise the document.

             (4)  The mere production of a certificate in writing signed by the Commissioner, a Second Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner certifying that a sum specified in the certificate was, at the date of the certificate, due and payable by a person in respect of an amount payable under a specified provision of this Act, or an amount of shortfall interest charge payable under the Taxation Administration Act 1953, is prima facie evidence of the matters stated in the certificate.

             (5)  The mere production of a Gazette containing a notice purporting to be issued by the Commissioner is prima facie evidence that the notice was so issued.

             (6)  A return under this Act purporting to be made or signed by or on behalf of a person is prima facie evidence that the return was made by the person or with the authority of the person.

106A  Review of certain decisions

                   A person who is dissatisfied with a decision made under this Act or the regulations in relation to the person, being a decision that is prescribed for the purposes of this section, may object against it in the manner set out in Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

107  Access to premises etc.

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, an officer authorised in writing by the Commissioner to exercise powers under this section:

                     (a)  may, at all reasonable times, enter and remain on any land or premises;

                     (b)  is entitled to full and free access at all reasonable times to all documents; and

                     (c)  may inspect, examine, make copies of, or take extracts from, any documents.

             (2)  An officer is not entitled to enter or remain on any land or premises under this section if, on being requested by the occupier of the land or premises for proof of authority, the officer does not produce an authority in writing signed by the Commissioner stating that the officer is authorised to exercise powers under this section.

             (3)  The occupier of land or premises entered or proposed to be entered by an officer under subsection (1) shall provide the officer with all reasonable facilities and assistance for the effective exercise of powers under this section.

Penalty:  30 penalty units.

Note:          See section 4AA of the Crimes Act 1914 for the current value of a penalty unit.

108  Relevant authority to obtain information and evidence

             (1)  A relevant authority may, for the purposes of this Act, by notice in writing, require a person (including a person employed in or in connection with a Department of the Government of the Commonwealth, of a State or of a Territory or by any public authority, and whether or not the person is liable to pay an amount of tax):

                     (a)  to furnish the relevant authority with such information as the relevant authority requires;

                     (b)  to attend before the relevant authority, or before an officer authorised by the relevant authority for the purpose, at a time and place specified in the notice, and then and there answer questions; and

                     (c)  to produce to the relevant authority any documents in the custody or under the control of the person.

             (2)  The relevant authority may require the information or answers to questions to be verified or given, as the case may be, on oath or affirmation, and either orally or in writing, and for that purpose the relevant authority, or an officer authorised by the relevant authority in writing for the purpose, may administer an oath or affirmation.

             (3)  The oath to be taken or affirmation to be made by a person for the purposes of this section is an oath or affirmation that the information or answers the person will give will be true.

             (4)  The regulations may prescribe scales of expenses to be allowed to persons required to attend under this section.

             (5)  In this section relevant authority means the Commissioner or the Resources Minister.

109  Agents and trustees

             (1)  The following provisions of this section apply in relation to a person (in this section referred to as the representative) who, as agent or trustee, derives assessable receipts in relation to a petroleum project.

             (2)  The representative:

                     (a)  shall furnish returns in relation to the assessable receipts; and

                     (b)  is liable to any tax or related charge payable in respect of the assessable receipts;

but only in the capacity of agent or trustee, as the case requires, and each such return shall be separate and distinct from any other return furnished or lodged by the representative.

             (3)  The representative is, by force of this section:

                     (a)  authorised and required to retain from time to time any money that comes to the representative in the capacity as agent for the other person or trustee of the trust estate, or so much of it as is sufficient to pay the amount of tax or charge;

                     (b)  made personally liable for the amount of tax or charge after it becomes payable to the extent of any amount that the representative is required to retain under paragraph (a); and

                     (c)  indemnified for all payments that the representative makes pursuant to this section.

             (4)  For the purposes of ensuring payment of the amount of tax or charge, the Commissioner has the same remedies against attachable property of any kind vested in, under the control or management of, or in the possession of, the representative as the Commissioner would have against the property of any other person in respect of an amount of tax or related charge payable by the other person.

112  Records to be kept and preserved

             (1)  A person shall:

                     (a)  keep records that record and explain all transactions and other acts engaged in by the person or any other person that are relevant for the purpose of ascertaining the person’s liability under this Act; and

                     (b)  retain those records for a period of 7 years after the completion of the transactions or acts to which they relate.

             (2)  A person who is required by this section to keep records shall keep the records:

                     (a)  in writing in the English language or so as to enable the records to be readily accessible and convertible into writing in the English language; and

                     (b)  so as to enable the person’s liability under this Act to be readily ascertained.

          (2A)  An offence under subsection (1) or (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (3)  Nothing in this section shall be taken to require a person (in this subsection referred to as the record keeper) to keep a record of information relating to a transaction or act engaged in by another person if:

                     (a)  where the transaction or act was entered into or done under an arrangement to which the record keeper was a party:

                              (i)  the record keeper made all reasonable efforts:

                                        (A)  to ascertain whether the transaction had been entered into or the act had been done; and

                                        (B)  to obtain the information; and

                             (ii)  did not know, and could not reasonably be expected to have known, the information; or

                     (b)  in any other case—the record keeper did not know, and could not reasonably be expected to have known, the information.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (3), see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

             (4)  Nothing in this section shall be taken to require a person to retain records where:

                     (a)  the Commissioner has notified the person that retention of the records is not required; or

                     (b)  the person is a company that has gone into liquidation and been finally dissolved.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (4), see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

Penalty:  30 penalty units.

Note 1:       See section 4AA of the Crimes Act 1914 for the current value of a penalty unit.

Note 2:       There is an administrative penalty if you do not keep or retain records as required by this section: see section 288‑25 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

113  Service on partnerships and associations

                   Service, whether by post or otherwise, of a notice or document on a member of a partnership or on a member of the committee of management of an unincorporated association or other body of persons shall be deemed, for the purposes of this Act, to constitute service of the notice or other document on each member of the partnership or each member of the association or other body of persons, as the case may be.

114  Regulations

                   The Governor‑General may make regulations, not inconsistent with this Act, prescribing all matters:

                     (a)  required or permitted by this Act to be prescribed; or

                     (b)  necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to this Act;

and, in particular, may make regulations prescribing penalities not exceeding a fine of 5 penalty units for offences against the regulations.

 


ScheduleProvisions relating to incurring and transfer of exploration expenditure on or after 1 July 1990

Sections 2, 35A, 35B, 45A, 45B and 45D             

  

  

  

Table of contents

Part 1—Interpretation

Clause

1............ Defined terms

2............ Holding an interest—petroleum project

3............ Holding an interest—exploration right

4............ Amounts to be worked out to nearest dollar

Part 2—Class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure and transferable exploration expenditure

5............ Interpretation

6............ Matters dealt with in this Part

7............ What happens if there is no notional taxable profit

8............ What happens if there is a notional taxable profit

Part 3—Class 2 GDP factor expenditure and transferable exploration expenditure

9............ Interpretation

10.......... Matters dealt with in this Part

11.......... What happens if there is no notional taxable profit

12.......... What happens if there is a notional taxable profit

Part 4—Transferable exploration expenditure not incurred in relation to a project

13.......... Matters dealt with in this Part

14.......... Assumptions on which amounts to be worked out

15.......... Non‑transferable expenditure

16.......... Amounts to be worked out

17.......... What happens if the notional assessable receipts equal or exceed the notional deductible expenditure

18.......... What happens if the notional deductible expenditure exceeds the notional assessable receipts

Part 5—General rules relating to transfer of exploration expenditure

19.......... Interpretation

20.......... Matters dealt with in this Part

21.......... Rule—must be a notional taxable profit in relation to receiving project

22.......... Rule—person must have held interests in relation to transferring entity and receiving project

23.......... Rule—transfer to project with most recent production licence

24.......... Rule—restriction on transfer of ABR expenditure

25.......... Rule—restriction on transfer of GDP expenditure

26.......... Rule—total transferred not to exceed notional taxable profit

Part 6—Rules relating to transfer of exploration expenditure between group companies

27.......... Interpretation

28.......... Situations to which this Part applies

29.......... Matters dealt with in this Part

30.......... Rule—must be a notional taxable profit in relation to profit company and receiving project

31.......... Rule—loss company and profit company to have held interests and been group companies

32.......... Rule—transfer to project with most recent production licence

33.......... Rule—restriction on transfer of ABR expenditure

34.......... Rule—restriction on transfer of GDP expenditure

35.......... Rule—total transferred not to exceed notional taxable profit

Part 7—Compounding of transferred amounts

36.......... Matters dealt with in this Part

37.......... What happens if expenditure was incurred in an ABR expenditure year

38.......... What happens if expenditure was incurred in a GDP expenditure year

 


Part 1Interpretation

  

1  Defined terms

                   In this Schedule:

ABR expenditure year, in relation to a petroleum project, means the financial year in which the relevant pre‑commencement day occurred or a later financial year.

augmented bond rate, in relation to a financial year, means the long‑term bond rate in relation to the financial year plus 1.15.

exploration right means an exploration permit or a retention lease.

financial year means the financial year starting on 1 July 1990 or a later financial year.

finishing day means:

                     (a)  in relation to a petroleum project—the first day on which there is no longer in force any production licence in relation to the project; or

                     (b)  in relation to an exploration permit or retention lease—the day on which the permit or lease ceases to be in force.

GDP expenditure year, in relation to a petroleum project, means a financial year that ended before the first ABR expenditure year in relation to the project.

incurred exploration expenditure amount, in relation to a petroleum project that is not a combined project and in relation to a financial year, means the sum of the following:

                     (a)  any amounts of exploration expenditure (other than designated frontier expenditure) actually incurred by the person in the financial year in relation to the project;

                     (b)  any amounts of uplifted frontier expenditure that the person is taken by section 36C to have incurred in the financial year in relation to the project;

                     (c)  any amounts of expenditure that the person is taken by subparagraph 48(1)(a)(ia) or paragraph 48A(5)(c) to have incurred in the financial year in relation to the project.

Note:          The effect of subsections 35A(2), 35B(2) and 45D(3) must be taken into account when working out an incurred exploration expenditure amount.

incurred exploration expenditure amount, in relation to a petroleum project that is a combined project and in relation to a financial year, means the sum of the following:

                     (a)  any amounts of:

                              (i)  exploration expenditure (other than designated frontier expenditure) actually incurred by the person; and

                             (ii)  uplifted frontier expenditure that the person is taken by section 36C to have incurred;

                            in the financial year in relation to the project (not being amounts incurred before the project combination certificate in relation to the project came into force);

                     (b)  any amounts of expenditure that the person is taken by subparagraph 48(1)(a)(ia) or paragraph 48A(5)(c) to have incurred in the financial year in relation to the project;

                     (c)  if the project combination certificate came into force during the financial year:

                              (i)  any amounts of exploration expenditure (other than designated frontier expenditure) actually incurred by the person in the financial year; and

                             (ii)  any amounts of uplifted frontier expenditure that the person is taken by section 36C to have incurred in the financial year; and

                            (iii)  any amounts of exploration expenditure that the person is taken by section 48 or 48A to have incurred in the financial year;

                            in relation to the pre‑combination projects.

Note:          The effect of subsections 35A(2), 35B(2) and 45D(3) must be taken into account when working out an incurred exploration expenditure amount.

pre‑licence area, in relation to a production licence, means:

                     (a)  if the production licence was derived from an exploration permit—the exploration permit area of the exploration permit; or

                     (b)  if the production licence was derived from a retention lease—either:

                              (i)  the retention lease area of the retention lease; or

                             (ii)  the exploration permit area of the exploration permit to which the retention lease is related.

relevant pre‑commencement day, in relation to a petroleum project, means:

                     (a)  if the petroleum project is not a combined project or the Bass Strait project—the day occurring 5 years before the date specified in the notice issued under subsection 258(7) of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006 in relation to the project; or

                     (b)  if the petroleum project is a combined project or the Bass Strait project—the day occurring 5 years the earliest date specified in a notice issued under subsection 258(7) of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006 in relation to a production licence to which the project relates.

starting day means:

                     (a)  in relation to a petroleum project other than a combined project or the Bass Strait project—the day on which the exploration permit to which the production licence comprising the project is related was granted; or

                     (b)  in relation to a combined project—the earliest of the days that, but for the issue of the project combination certificate, would have been starting days in relation to such of the pre‑combination projects as were not combined projects; or

                     (c)  in relation to the Bass Strait project—the day on which the Bass Strait exploration permit was granted; or

                     (d)  in relation to an exploration right that is an exploration permit—the day on which the exploration permit was granted; or

                     (e)  in relation to an exploration right that is a retention lease—the day on which the exploration permit to which the retention lease is related was granted.

2  Holding an interest—petroleum project

                   For the purposes of this Schedule, a person is taken to have held an interest in relation to a petroleum project at a particular time if:

                     (a)  where:

                              (i)  the project is not a combined project or the Bass Strait project; and

                             (ii)  the time is a time after the production licence in relation to the project came into force;

                            the person was, at that time, entitled to receive receipts from the sale of petroleum, or marketable petroleum commodities produced from petroleum, recovered from the production licence area in relation to the project; or

                     (b)  where:

                              (i)  the project is not a combined project or the Bass Strait project; and

                             (ii)  the time is a time before the production licence in relation to the project came into force;

                            the person was, at that time, entitled to receive receipts from the sale of petroleum, or marketable petroleum commodities produced from petroleum, recovered from a pre‑licence area in relation to the production licence; or

                     (c)  where:

                              (i)  the project is a combined project; and

                             (ii)  the time is a time after the project combination certificate came into force;

                            the person was, at that time, entitled to receive receipts from the sale of petroleum, or marketable petroleum commodities produced from petroleum, recovered from the production licence areas in relation to the project; or

                     (d)  where:

                              (i)  the project is a combined project; and

                             (ii)  the time is a time:

                                        (A)  before the project combination certificate came into force; and

                                        (B)  after the earliest of the production licences in relation to the pre‑combination projects came into force;

                            the person was, at that time, entitled to receive receipts from the sale of petroleum, or marketable petroleum commodities produced from petroleum, recovered from one or more of the production licence areas in relation to the pre‑combination projects; or

                     (e)  where:

                              (i)  the project is a combined project; and

                             (ii)  the time is a time before the earliest of the production licences in relation to the pre‑combination projects came into force;

                            the person was, at that time, entitled to receive receipts from the sale of petroleum, or marketable petroleum commodities produced from petroleum, recovered from a pre‑licence area in relation to that earliest production licence; or

                      (f)  if the project is the Bass Strait project—the person was, at that time, entitled to receive receipts from the sale of petroleum, or marketable petroleum commodities produced from petroleum, recovered from the production licence areas in relation to the project.

3  Holding an interest—exploration right

                   For the purposes of this Schedule, a person is taken to have held an interest in relation to an exploration right at a particular time if:

                     (a)  where the right is an exploration permit—the person was, at that time, entitled to receive receipts from the sale of petroleum, or marketable petroleum commodities produced from petroleum, recovered from the exploration permit area; or

                     (b)  where:

                              (i)  the right is a retention lease; and

                             (ii)  the time is a time after the retention lease was granted;

                            the person was, at that time, entitled to receive receipts from the sale of petroleum, or marketable petroleum commodities produced from petroleum, recovered from the retention lease area; or

                     (c)  where:

                              (i)  the right is a retention lease; and

                             (ii)  the time is a time before the retention lease was granted;

                            the person was, at that time, entitled to receive receipts from the sale of petroleum, or marketable petroleum commodities produced from petroleum, recovered from the exploration permit area of the exploration permit to which the retention lease is related.

4  Amounts to be worked out to nearest dollar

                   Amounts worked out under this Schedule are to be worked out to the nearest dollar.


 

Part 1ASpecial rules relating to the transfer of Greater Sunrise expenditure

  

4A  Certain Greater Sunrise expenditure is not transferable

                   Despite paragraphs 7(b), 8(5)(c), 11(b), 12(4)(c) and 18(3)(e) of this Schedule and subclauses 18(1) and 18(2) of this Schedule, amounts of exploration expenditure incurred in relation to the Western Greater Sunrise area before 6 March 2003 are not transferable under section 45A, 45B or 45C.

4B  Greater Sunrise transferable exploration expenditure must be adjusted

Transfers from a Greater Sunrise project

             (1)  If, in relation to a year of tax, transferable exploration expenditure is transferred from a Greater Sunrise project to a petroleum project other than a Greater Sunrise project, the amount of that expenditure for the purposes of the other petroleum project is taken to be the amount worked out using the following formula:

where:

amount transferred means the amount transferred, in relation to the year of tax, from the Greater Sunrise project before that amount is reduced by the operation of this subclause.

apportionment percentage figure has the meaning given by subsection 2C(2).

Transfers to a Greater Sunrise project

             (2)  If, in relation to a year of tax, transferable exploration expenditure is transferred to a Greater Sunrise project from a petroleum project other than a Greater Sunrise project, the amount of that expenditure for the purposes of the Greater Sunrise project is taken to be the amount worked out using the following formula:

where:

amount transferred means the amount transferred, in relation to the year of tax, from the project other than the Greater Sunrise project before that amount is increased by the operation of this subclause.

apportionment percentage figure has the meaning given by subsection 2C(2).


 

Part 2Class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure and transferable exploration expenditure

  

5  Interpretation

                   In this Part:

notional taxable profit, in relation to a person, a petroleum project and a financial year, means the amount (if any) that would be the taxable profit in relation to the person, the project and the financial year if:

                     (a)  the person had not incurred any class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure, class 2 GDP factor expenditure or closing‑down expenditure in relation to the project and the financial year; and

                     (b)  any expenditure transferred:

                              (i)  to the project in relation to the financial year under section 45A; or

                             (ii)  to the person in relation to the project and the financial year under section 45B;

                            had not been transferred.

6  Matters dealt with in this Part

             (1)  This Part deals with:

                     (a)  the calculation of the amount of class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure that a person is taken to have incurred in a financial year in relation to a petroleum project; and

                     (b)  the calculation of the amount of expenditure incurred by the person in relation to the project in ABR expenditure years that is transferable from the project in relation to the financial year.

In this Part, the financial year is called the assessable year.

             (2)  For the avoidance of doubt, the assessable year may be a financial year starting after the finishing day in relation to the petroleum project.

7  What happens if there is no notional taxable profit

                   If there is no notional taxable profit in relation to the person, the petroleum project and the assessable year:

                     (a)  the person is taken not to have incurred any class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure in relation to the project and the assessable year; and

                     (b)  all the expenditure included in the incurred exploration expenditure amounts for the ABR expenditure years is transferable by the person in relation to the assessable year.

8  What happens if there is a notional taxable profit

             (1)  This clause applies if there is a notional taxable profit in relation to the person, the petroleum project and the assessable year.

             (2)  For the purposes of this clause, the available exploration expenditure amount for the assessable year equals the incurred exploration expenditure amount in relation to the assessable year.

             (3)  For the purposes of this clause, the available exploration expenditure amount for an ABR expenditure year before the assessable year is worked out as follows:

                     (a)  if the ABR expenditure year is the financial year immediately before the assessable year—multiply the incurred exploration expenditure amount in relation to the ABR expenditure year by the augmented bond rate for the ABR expenditure year;

                     (b)  if the ABR expenditure year is an earlier financial year—work out, in relation to the ABR expenditure year and each later financial year ending before the assessable year, an amount in accordance with the formula:

                            where:

                            Exploration expenditure amount means:

                              (i)  in making the calculation in relation to the ABR expenditure year—the incurred exploration expenditure amount in relation to the ABR expenditure year; or

                             (ii)  in making the calculation in relation to one of the later financial years—the amount calculated under this paragraph in relation to the immediately preceding financial year for the purpose of working out the available exploration expenditure amount for the ABR expenditure year.

                            Augmented bond rate means the augmented bond rate in relation to the financial year in relation to which the calculation is being made;

                     (c)  if paragraph (a) applies—the available exploration expenditure amount for the ABR expenditure year is the amount worked out under that paragraph;

                     (d)  if paragraph (b) applies—the available exploration expenditure amount for the ABR expenditure year is the amount worked out under that paragraph in relation to the most recent of the later financial years referred to in paragraph (b).

             (4)  If the total of the available exploration expenditure amounts for the assessable year and the previous ABR expenditure years is less than or equal to the notional taxable profit:

                     (a)  the person is taken to have incurred an amount of class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure in the assessable year in relation to the project equal to the total of those available exploration expenditure amounts; and

                     (b)  that class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure is attributable to all the expenditure included in the incurred exploration expenditure amounts for the assessable year and the previous ABR expenditure years; and

                     (c)  none of the expenditure included in the incurred exploration expenditure amounts for the assessable year and the previous ABR expenditure years is transferable by the person in relation to the assessable year.

             (5)  If the total of the available exploration expenditure amounts for the assessable year and the previous ABR expenditure years exceeds the notional taxable profit:

                     (a)  the person is taken to have incurred an amount of class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure in the assessable year in relation to the project equal to the notional taxable profit; and

                     (b)  the expenditure to which that class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure is attributable is to be worked out in accordance with whichever of subclauses (6) and (7) is applicable; and

                     (c)  the expenditure included in the incurred exploration expenditure amounts for the assessable year and the previous ABR expenditure years that is not expenditure to which that class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure is attributable is transferable by the person in relation to the assessable year.

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure is taken to be incurred by subclause (5); and

                     (b)  the available exploration expenditure amount for the earliest of the ABR expenditure years for which there is such an amount equals or exceeds the notional taxable profit;

the class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure is attributable to so much of the expenditure included in the incurred exploration expenditure amount for that ABR expenditure year as, if it had been the only expenditure included in that amount, would have made the available exploration expenditure amount for that ABR expenditure year equal the notional taxable profit.

             (7)  If:

                     (a)  class 2 augmented bond rate exploration expenditure is taken to be incurred by subclause (5); and

                     (b)  the notional taxable profit exceeds the available exploration expenditure amount for the earliest of the ABR expenditure years for which there is such an amount;

the following provisions have effect:

                     (c)  add amounts in accordance with the following rules:

                              (i)  start with the available exploration expenditure amount for the earliest of the ABR expenditure years for which there is such an amount and add to that, in order starting with the next earliest ABR expenditure year, the available exploration expenditure amounts for the later ABR expenditure years;

                             (ii)  if adding the available exploration expenditure amount for an ABR expenditure year would make the total exceed the notional taxable profit, add only so much of that amount as makes the total equal the notional taxable profit and do not add the available exploration expenditure amount for any later ABR expenditure year;

                     (d)  the class 2 augmented bond rate expenditure is attributable to:

                              (i)  all the expenditure included in the incurred exploration expenditure amounts for each ABR expenditure year in relation to which the whole available exploration expenditure amount was added in accordance with subparagraphs (c)(i) and (ii); and

                             (ii)  if, under those subparagraphs, part only of the available exploration expenditure amount for an ABR expenditure year was added—so much of the expenditure included in the incurred exploration expenditure amount for that ABR expenditure year as, if it had been the only expenditure included in that amount, would have made the available exploration expenditure amount for that ABR expenditure year equal the added part.


 

Part 3Class 2 GDP factor expenditure and transferable exploration expenditure

  

9  Interpretation

                   In this Part:

notional taxable profit, in relation to a person, a petroleum project and a financial year, means the amount (if any) that would be the taxable profit in relation to the person, the project and the financial year if:

                     (a)  the person had not incurred any class 2 GDP factor expenditure or closing‑down expenditure in relation to the project and the financial year; and

                     (b)  any expenditure transferred:

                              (i)  to the project in relation to the financial year under section 45A; or

                             (ii)  to the person in relation to the project and the financial year under section 45B;

                            had not been transferred.

10  Matters dealt with in this Part

             (1)  This Part deals with:

                     (a)  the calculation of the amount of class 2 GDP factor expenditure that a person is taken to have incurred in a financial year in relation to a petroleum project; and

                     (b)  the calculation of the amount of expenditure incurred by the person in relation to the project in GDP expenditure years that is transferable from the project in relation to the financial year.

In this Part, the financial year is called the assessable year.

             (2)  For the avoidance of doubt, the assessable year may be a financial year starting after the finishing day in relation to the petroleum project.

11  What happens if there is no notional taxable profit

                   If there is no notional taxable profit in relation to the person, the petroleum project and the assessable year:

                     (a)  the person is taken not to have incurred any class 2 GDP factor expenditure in relation to the assessable year and the project; and

                     (b)  all the expenditure included in the incurred exploration expenditure amounts for the GDP expenditure years is transferable by the person in relation to the assessable year.

12  What happens if there is a notional taxable profit

             (1)  This clause applies if there is a notional taxable profit in relation to the person, the petroleum project and the assessable year.

             (2)  For the purposes of this clause, the available exploration expenditure amount for a GDP expenditure year is worked out as follows:

                     (a)  work out, in relation to the GDP expenditure year and each later financial year ending before the assessable year, an amount in accordance with the formula:

                            where:

                            Exploration expenditure amount means:

                              (i)  in making the calculation in relation to the GDP expenditure year—the incurred exploration expenditure amount in relation to the GDP expenditure year; or

                             (ii)  in making the calculation in relation to one of the later financial years—the amount calculated under this paragraph in relation to the immediately preceding financial year for the purpose of working out the available exploration expenditure amount for the GDP expenditure year;

                            GDP factor means the GDP factor in relation to the financial year in relation to which the calculation is being made;

                     (b)  the available exploration expenditure amount for the GDP expenditure year is the amount worked out under paragraph (a) in relation to the most recent of the later financial years referred to in that paragraph.

             (3)  If the total of the available exploration expenditure amounts for the GDP expenditure years is less than or equal to the notional taxable profit:

                     (a)  the person is taken to have incurred an amount of class 2 GDP factor expenditure in the assessable year in relation to the project equal to the total of those available exploration expenditure amounts; and

                     (b)  that class 2 GDP factor expenditure is attributable to all the expenditure included in the incurred exploration expenditure amounts for the GDP expenditure years; and

                     (c)  none of the expenditure included in the incurred exploration expenditure amounts for the GDP expenditure years is transferable by the person in relation to the assessable year.

             (4)  If the total of the available exploration expenditure amounts for the GDP expenditure years exceeds the notional taxable profit:

                     (a)  the person is taken to have incurred an amount of class 2 GDP factor expenditure in the assessable year in relation to the project equal to the notional taxable profit; and

                     (b)  the expenditure to which that class 2 GDP factor expenditure is attributable is to be worked out in accordance with whichever of subclauses (5) and (6) is applicable; and

                     (c)  the expenditure included in the incurred exploration expenditure amounts for the GDP expenditure years that is not expenditure to which that class 2 GDP factor expenditure is attributable is transferable by the person in relation to the assessable year.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  class 2 GDP factor expenditure is taken to be incurred by subclause (4); and

                     (b)  the available exploration expenditure amount for the earliest of the GDP expenditure years for which there is such an amount equals or exceeds the notional taxable profit;

the class 2 GDP factor expenditure is attributable to so much of the expenditure included in the incurred exploration expenditure amount for that GDP expenditure year as, if it had been the only expenditure included in that amount, would have made the available exploration expenditure amount for that GDP expenditure year equal the notional taxable profit.

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  class 2 GDP factor expenditure is taken to be incurred by subclause (4); and

                     (b)  the notional taxable profit exceeds the available exploration expenditure amount for the earliest of the GDP expenditure years for which there is such an amount;

the following provisions have effect:

                     (c)  add amounts in accordance with the following rules:

                              (i)  start with the available exploration expenditure amount for the earliest of the GDP expenditure years for which there is such an amount and add to that, in order starting with the next earliest GDP expenditure year, the available exploration expenditure amounts for the later GDP expenditure years;

                             (ii)  if adding the available exploration expenditure amount for a GDP expenditure year would make the total exceed the notional taxable profit, add only so much of that amount as makes the total equal the notional taxable profit and do not add the available exploration expenditure amount for any later GDP expenditure year;

                     (d)  the class 2 GDP factor expenditure is attributable to:

                              (i)  all the expenditure included in the incurred exploration expenditure amounts for each GDP expenditure year for which the whole available exploration expenditure amount was added in accordance with subparagraphs (c)(i) and (ii); and

                             (ii)  if, under those subparagraphs, part only of the available exploration expenditure amount for a GDP expenditure year was added—so much of the expenditure included in the incurred exploration expenditure amount for that GDP expenditure year as, if it had been the only expenditure included in that amount, would have made the available exploration expenditure amount for that GDP expenditure year equal the added part.


 

Part 4Transferable exploration expenditure not incurred in relation to a project

  

13  Matters dealt with in this Part

             (1)  Subject to subclauses (2) and (3), this Part deals with the calculation of the amount of expenditure incurred by a person in relation to an exploration permit or retention lease that is transferable from the permit or lease in relation to a financial year. In this Part, the financial year is called the assessable year.

          (1A)  For the avoidance of doubt, the assessable year may, subject to subclause (2), be a financial year starting after the finishing day in relation to the exploration permit or retention lease.

             (2)  This Part does not apply to an exploration permit or retention lease in relation to a financial year if a production licence derived from the permit or lease was actually in force at any time during the financial year.

             (3)  This Part does not apply to an exploration permit or retention lease if it is, or is related to, one of the North West Shelf exploration permits.

14  Assumptions on which amounts to be worked out

                   Amounts worked out under this Part in relation to the exploration permit or retention lease and a period (including a financial year) are to be worked out on the assumptions that:

                     (a)  a production licence derived from the permit or lease was in force at all times during the period; and

                     (b)  the petroleum project to which that production licence was related consisted only of that production licence.

In this Part, the petroleum project referred to in paragraph (b) is called the notional project.

15  Non‑transferable expenditure

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, if:

                     (a)  the person incurred exploration expenditure, or is taken to have incurred uplifted frontier expenditure, in relation to the notional project in a financial year; and

                     (b)  the total amount of assessable receipts derived by the person in relation to the notional project in the financial year equals or exceeds the total amount of deductible expenditure actually incurred by the person in relation to the notional project in the financial year;

the total of the amounts of exploration expenditure (other than designated frontier expenditure), and uplifted frontier expenditure, is taken to be non‑transferable expenditure incurred by the person in relation to the notional project.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Part, if:

                     (a)  the total amount of deductible expenditure actually incurred by the person in relation to the notional project in a financial year exceeds the total amount of assessable receipts derived by the person in relation to the notional project and the financial year; and

                     (b)  the total of:

                              (i)  any amounts of exploration expenditure (other than designated frontier expenditure) actually incurred by the person; and

                             (ii)  any amounts of uplifted frontier expenditure taken to be incurred by the person in respect of designated frontier expenditure actually incurred by the person;

                            in relation to the notional project in the financial year exceeds the excess referred to in paragraph (a) by an amount (the non‑transferable amount);

so much of the expenditure as equals the non‑transferable amount is taken to be non‑transferable expenditure incurred by the person in relation to the notional project.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  subclause (2) applies; and

                     (b)  the oldest amount of any exploration expenditure (other than designated frontier expenditure) incurred, or any uplifted frontier expenditure taken to be incurred, by the person in the financial year equals or exceeds the non‑transferable amount;

the non‑transferable expenditure consists of so much of that oldest amount as equals the non‑transferable amount.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  subclause (2) applies; but

                     (b)  subclause (3) does not apply;

the following provisions have effect:

                     (c)  add amounts in accordance with the following rules:

                              (i)  start with the oldest amount of any exploration expenditure (other than designated frontier expenditure) incurred, or any uplifted frontier expenditure taken to be incurred, by the person in the financial year;

                             (ii)  add to that, in order starting with the next oldest amount, each of the other amounts incurred, or taken to be incurred, by the person in the financial year;

                            (iii)  if adding an amount of expenditure would make the total exceed the non‑transferable amount, add only so much of the amount as makes the total equal the non‑transferable amount and do not add any later amount of expenditure;

                     (d)  the non‑transferable expenditure consists of the amounts of expenditure added together in accordance with paragraph (c).

16  Amounts to be worked out

                   Work out, in relation to the person, the exploration permit or retention lease and the assessable year, the following amounts:

                     (a)  the total of the assessable receipts derived by the person in relation to the notional project during the period starting on 1 July 1990 and ending at the end of the assessable year;

                     (b)  the total of the deductible expenditure actually incurred by the person in relation to the notional project during the period starting on 1 July 1990 and ending at the end of the assessable year;

                     (c)  the total of:

                              (i)  any amounts of exploration expenditure (other than designated frontier expenditure) actually incurred by the person; and

                             (ii)  any amounts of uplifted frontier expenditure taken to be incurred by the person in respect of designated frontier expenditure actually incurred by the person;

                            in relation to the notional project during the period starting on 1 July 1990 and ending at the end of the assessable year;

                     (d)  the amount worked out under paragraph (c), less the total of the amounts of non‑transferable expenditure incurred by the person in relation to the notional project during the period starting on 1 July 1990 and ending at the end of the assessable year.

In this Part, the amount worked out under paragraph (a) is called the notional assessable receipts, the amount worked out under paragraph (b) is called the notional deductible expenditure, the amount worked out under paragraph (c) is called the notional exploration expenditure and the amount worked out under paragraph (d) is called the reduced notional exploration expenditure.

Note:          the effect of subsection 45D(3) must be taken into account when working out the notional deductible expenditure and the notional exploration expenditure.

17  What happens if the notional assessable receipts equal or exceed the notional deductible expenditure

                   If, in relation to the person, the exploration permit or retention lease and the assessable year, the notional assessable receipts equal or exceed the notional deductible expenditure, none of the expenditure included in the notional exploration expenditure is transferable by the person in relation to the assessable year.

18  What happens if the notional deductible expenditure exceeds the notional assessable receipts

             (1)  If, in relation to the person, the exploration permit or retention lease and the assessable year:

                     (a)  the notional deductible expenditure exceeds the notional assessable receipts; and

                     (b)  the excess equals or exceeds the notional exploration expenditure;

all the expenditure included in the reduced notional exploration expenditure is transferable by the person in relation to the assessable year.

             (2)  If, in relation to the person, the exploration permit or retention lease and the assessable year:

                     (a)  the notional deductible expenditure exceeds the notional assessable receipts; and

                     (b)  the excess (in this subclause called the notional loss) is less than the notional exploration expenditure; and

                     (c)  the oldest amount of expenditure included in the reduced notional exploration expenditure equals or exceeds the notional loss;

so much of that oldest amount as equals the notional loss is transferable by the person in relation to the assessable year.

             (3)  If, in relation to the person, the exploration permit or retention lease and the assessable year:

                     (a)  the notional deductible expenditure exceeds the notional assessable receipts; and

                     (b)  the excess (in this subclause called the notional loss) is less than the notional exploration expenditure; and

                     (c)  the notional loss exceeds the oldest amount of expenditure included in the reduced notional exploration expenditure;

the following provisions have effect:

                     (d)  add amounts in accordance with the following rules:

                              (i)  start with the oldest amount of expenditure included in the reduced notional exploration expenditure and add to that, in order starting with the next oldest amount, each of the other amounts included in the reduced notional exploration expenditure;

                             (ii)  if adding an amount of expenditure would make the total exceed the notional loss, add only so much of the amount as makes the total equal the notional loss and do not add any later incurred amount of expenditure;

                     (e)  the expenditure added in accordance with subparagraphs (d)(i) and (ii) is transferable by the person in relation to the assessable year.


 

Part 5General rules relating to transfer of exploration expenditure

  

19  Interpretation

                   In this Part:

notional taxable profit, in relation to a person, a petroleum project and a financial year, means the amount (if any) that would be the taxable profit in relation to the person, the project and the financial year if:

                     (a)  all deductible expenditure in relation to the person, the project and the financial year were taken into account; and

                     (b)  any expenditure transferred:

                              (i)  to the project in relation to the financial year under section 45A; or

                             (ii)  to the person in relation to the project and the financial year under section 45B;

                            had not been transferred.

20  Matters dealt with in this Part

                   This Part sets out the rules relating to the transfer by a person of transferable exploration expenditure from a petroleum project or an exploration right to another petroleum project in relation to a financial year. In this Part, the project or right from which the expenditure is transferred is called the transferring entity, the project to which the expenditure is transferred is called the receiving project and the financial year is called the transfer year.

Note:          Special rules apply in relation to the transfer of Greater Sunrise exploration expenditure: see Part 1A of this Schedule.

21  Rule—must be a notional taxable profit in relation to receiving project

                   The person may only transfer the expenditure to the receiving project in relation to the transfer year if there is a notional taxable profit in relation to the person, the receiving project and the transfer year.

22  Rule—person must have held interests in relation to transferring entity and receiving project

             (1)  Subject to subclauses (2), (2AA), (2AB), (2A), (3) and (4), the person may only transfer the expenditure to the receiving project in relation to the transfer year if:

                     (a)  the person held an interest in relation to the transferring entity at all times from the beginning of the financial year in which the expenditure was incurred to the end of the transfer year; and

                     (b)  the person held an interest in relation to the receiving project at all times from the beginning of the financial year in which the expenditure was incurred to the end of the transfer year.

             (2)  Subclause (1) does not require the person to have held an interest in relation to the transferring entity at a time before the starting day in relation to the transferring entity.

       (2AA)  If:

                     (a)  the person started (whether or not for the first time) to hold an interest in relation to the transferring entity during the financial year in which the expenditure was incurred; and

                     (b)  the expenditure was incurred after the time (the farm‑in time) when the person started to hold the interest; and

                     (c)  the expenditure was actually incurred by the person (rather than taken by section 48 or 48A to have been incurred by the person);

subclause (1) does not require the person to have held an interest in relation to the transferring entity before the farm‑in time.

        (2AB)  If:

                     (a)  at a time (the cessation time) after the expenditure was incurred and on or after 1 July 1993, the person ceased to hold any interest in relation to the transferring entity; and

                     (b)  the cessation did not occur because of a transaction to which section 48 applies;

subclause (1) does not require the person to have held an interest in relation to the transferring entity at a time after the cessation time.

          (2A)  Subclause (1) does not require the person to have held an interest in relation to the transferring entity at a time after the finishing day in relation to the transferring entity.

             (3)  If the starting days in relation to the transferring entity and the receiving project occurred in the same financial year, subclause (1) does not require the person to have held an interest in relation to the receiving project at a time before the starting day in relation to the receiving project.

             (4)  If the starting day in relation to the receiving project occurred in a later financial year than the financial year in which the expenditure was incurred:

                     (a)  paragraph (1)(b) does not apply in relation to the transfer of the expenditure; and

                     (b)  the person may only transfer the expenditure if (in addition to the requirement in paragraph (1)(a)):

                              (i)  the exploration permit by reference to which the starting day in relation to the receiving project is determined was granted to the person; and

                             (ii)  the person held an interest in relation to the receiving project at all times from the starting day in relation to the receiving project to the end of the transfer year.

23  Rule—transfer to project with most recent production licence

                   If the expenditure was incurred before the transfer year, the person may not transfer the expenditure to the receiving project in relation to the transfer year if:

                     (a)  there is another petroleum project to which the expenditure could be transferred in relation to the transfer year under section 45A; and

                     (b)  the other project includes a production licence that was granted more recently than the production licence or licences included in the receiving project.

24  Rule—restriction on transfer of ABR expenditure

                   The person may not transfer the expenditure to the receiving project in relation to the transfer year if:

                     (a)  the expenditure was incurred in an ABR expenditure year in relation to the receiving project; and

                     (b)  there is other expenditure that the person could transfer to the receiving project in relation to the transfer year under section 45A; and

                     (c)  that other expenditure was incurred in an earlier ABR expenditure year in relation to the receiving project.

25  Rule—restriction on transfer of GDP expenditure

                   The person may not transfer the expenditure to the receiving project in relation to the transfer year if:

                     (a)  the expenditure was incurred in a GDP expenditure year in relation to the receiving project; and

                     (b)  there is other expenditure that the person could transfer to the receiving project in relation to the transfer year under section 45A; and

                     (c)  that other expenditure was incurred in:

                              (i)  an ABR expenditure year in relation to the receiving project; or

                             (ii)  an earlier GDP expenditure year in relation to the receiving project.

26  Rule—total transferred not to exceed notional taxable profit

                   The total amount of expenditure transferred by the person under section 45A to the receiving project in relation to the transfer year must not exceed the notional taxable profit in relation to the person, the receiving project and the transfer year.

Note:          because of subsection 45D(2), some transfers of expenditure are taken to be transfers of amounts compounded in accordance with Part 7 of this Schedule.


 

Part 6Rules relating to transfer of exploration expenditure between group companies

  

27  Interpretation

                   In this Part:

notional taxable profit, in relation to a company, a petroleum project and a financial year, means the amount (if any) that would be the taxable profit in relation to the company, the project and the financial year if:

                     (a)  all deductible expenditure in relation to the company, the project and the financial year were taken into account; and

                     (b)  all expenditure to be transferred by the company to the project in relation to the financial year under section 45A had been transferred; and

                     (c)  any expenditure transferred to the company in relation to the project and the financial year under section 45B had not been transferred.

28  Situations to which this Part applies

                   This Part applies if:

                     (a)  a number of companies are group companies in relation to each other and a financial year; and

                     (b)  there is unused transferable exploration expenditure, within the meaning of section 45B, in relation to some of the companies and the financial year.

In this Part, each of the companies in relation to which there is unused transferable exploration expenditure is called a loss company, each of the other companies is called a profit company and the financial year is called the transfer year.

29  Matters dealt with in this Part

                   This Part sets out the rules relating to the transfer by a loss company of transferable exploration expenditure from a petroleum project or an exploration right to a profit company in relation to a petroleum project and the transfer year. In this Part, the project or right from which the expenditure is transferred is called the transferring entity and the project in relation to which the expenditure is transferred is called the receiving project.

Note:          Special rules apply in relation to the transfer of Greater Sunrise exploration expenditure: see Part 1A of this Schedule.

30  Rule—must be a notional taxable profit in relation to profit company and receiving project

                   The loss company may only transfer the expenditure to the profit company in relation to the receiving project and the transfer year if there is a notional taxable profit in relation to the profit company, the receiving project and the transfer year.

31  Rule—continuity of interest within company group

Main rule

             (1)  The loss company may transfer the expenditure to the profit company in relation to the receiving project and the transfer year only if:

                     (a)  from the start of the financial year in which the expenditure was actually incurred, until the end of the transfer year—the company which held the receiving interest at any particular time was, at that time:

                              (i)  a group company in relation to the company which held the loss interest at that time; or

                             (ii)  unless the time is at the end of the transfer year—the company which held the loss interest at that time; and

                     (b)  when the expenditure was actually incurred:

                              (i)  unless section 41 applies to the expenditure—the company which actually incurred the expenditure held the loss interest in the transferring entity; or

                             (ii)  if section 41 applies to the expenditure—the company taken under paragraph 41(1)(b) to have incurred the liability for making the expenditure held the loss interest in the transferring entity.

Receiving project or transferring entity not in existence at particular time

             (2)  For the purposes of subclause (1):

                     (a)  if the starting day for the receiving project was after the start of the financial year in which the expenditure was incurred—during the period from the start of that year until the start of the starting day, the company which held the receiving interest at the start of the starting day is taken to have held the receiving interest; and

                     (b)  if the finishing day for the receiving project was before the end of the transfer year—during the period from the start of the finishing day until the end of the transfer year, the profit company is taken to have held the receiving interest; and

                     (c)  if the starting day for the transferring entity was after the start of the financial year in which the expenditure was incurred—during the period from the start of that year until the start of the starting day, the company which held the loss interest at the start of the starting day is taken to have held the loss interest; and

                     (d)  if the finishing day for the transferring entity was before the end of the transfer year—during the period from the start of the finishing day until the end of the transfer year, the loss company is taken to have held the loss interest.

Starting day for receiving project in later financial year than when expenditure actually incurred

             (3)  If the starting day for the receiving project was in a later financial year than the financial year in which the expenditure was incurred, the loss company may transfer the expenditure only if (in addition to the other requirements of this clause) the company which held the receiving interest at the start of the starting day was the company which had been granted the exploration permit by reference to which the starting day is determined.

Definitions

             (4)  In this clause:

loss interest means an interest held in the transferring entity by the loss company:

                     (a)  at the end of the transfer year; or

                     (b)  if the finishing day for the transferring entity was before the end of the transfer year—immediately before the start of the finishing day.

receiving interest means an interest held in the receiving project by the profit company:

                     (a)  at the end of the transfer year; or

                     (b)  if the finishing day for the receiving project was before the end of the transfer year—immediately before the start of the finishing day.

32  Rule—transfer to project with most recent production licence

                   If the expenditure was incurred before the transfer year, the loss company may not transfer the expenditure to the profit company in relation to the receiving project and the transfer year if:

                     (a)  the expenditure could be transferred in relation to the transfer year under section 45B to:

                              (i)  the profit company in relation to another petroleum project; or

                             (ii)  another profit company in relation to another petroleum project; and

                     (b)  the other project includes a production licence that was granted more recently than the production licence or licences included in the receiving project.

33  Rule—restriction on transfer of ABR expenditure

                   The loss company may not transfer the expenditure to the profit company in relation to the receiving project and the transfer year if:

                     (a)  the expenditure was incurred in an ABR expenditure year in relation to the receiving project; and

                     (b)  there is other expenditure that the loss company, or another loss company, could transfer to the profit company in relation to the receiving project and the transfer year under section 45B; and

                     (c)  the other expenditure was incurred in an earlier ABR expenditure year in relation to the receiving project.

34  Rule—restriction on transfer of GDP expenditure

                   The loss company may not transfer the expenditure to the profit company in relation to the receiving project and the transfer year if:

                     (a)  the expenditure was incurred in a GDP expenditure year in relation to the receiving project; and

                     (b)  there is other expenditure that the loss company, or another loss company, could transfer to the profit company in relation to the receiving project and the transfer year under section 45B; and

                     (c)  the other expenditure was incurred in:

                              (i)  an ABR expenditure year in relation to the receiving project; or

                             (ii)  an earlier GDP expenditure year in relation to the receiving project.

35  Rule—total transferred not to exceed notional taxable profit

                   The total amount of transferable expenditure transferred under section 45B to the profit company in relation to the receiving project and the transfer year must not exceed the notional taxable profit in relation to the profit company, the receiving project and the transfer year.

Note:          because of subsection 45D(2), some transfers of expenditure are taken to be transfers of amounts compounded in accordance with Part 7 of this Schedule.


 

Part 7Compounding of transferred amounts

  

36  Matters dealt with in this Part

                   This Part applies if:

                     (a)  a person transfers an amount of expenditure:

                              (i)  to a petroleum project in relation to a financial year under section 45A; or

                             (ii)  to a company in relation to a petroleum project and a financial year under section 45B; and

                     (b)  the expenditure was incurred in an earlier financial year;

and provides for the compounding of the amount transferred. In this Part, the financial year in relation to which the amount is transferred is called the transfer year.

37  What happens if expenditure was incurred in an ABR expenditure year

             (1)  If the financial year in which the expenditure was incurred:

                     (a)  is an ABR expenditure year in relation to the petroleum project; and

                     (b)  is the financial year immediately before the transfer year;

then, for the purposes of subsection 45D(2), the transfer is taken to be of the amount worked out by multiplying the amount actually transferred by the augmented bond rate for the ABR expenditure year.

             (2)  If the financial year in which the expenditure was incurred:

                     (a)  is an ABR expenditure year in relation to the project; but

                     (b)  is not the financial year immediately before the transfer year;

the following provisions apply:

                     (c)  work out, in relation to the ABR expenditure year and each later financial year ending before the transfer year, an amount in accordance with the formula:

                            where:

                            Transferred amount means:

                              (i)  in making the calculation in relation to the ABR expenditure year—the amount of expenditure actually transferred; and

                             (ii)  in making the calculation in relation to a later financial year—the amount calculated under this paragraph in relation to the expenditure and the immediately preceding financial year;

                            Augmented bond rate means the augmented bond rate in relation to the financial year in relation to which the calculation is being made;

                     (d)  for the purposes of subsection 45D(2), the transfer is taken to be of the amount worked out under paragraph (c) in relation to the expenditure and the financial year immediately before the transfer year.

38  What happens if expenditure was incurred in a GDP expenditure year

                   If the financial year in which the expenditure was incurred is a GDP expenditure year the following provisions apply:

                     (a)  work out, in relation to the GDP expenditure year and each later financial year ending before the transfer year, an amount in accordance with the formula:

                            where:

                            Transferred amount means:

                              (i)  in making the calculation in relation to the GDP expenditure year—the amount of expenditure actually transferred; and

                             (ii)  in making the calculation in relation to a later financial year—the amount calculated under this paragraph in relation to the expenditure and the immediately preceding financial year;

                            GDP factor means the GDP factor in relation to the financial year in relation to which the calculation is being made;

                     (b)  for the purposes of subsection 45D(2), the transfer is taken to be of the amount worked out under paragraph (a) in relation to the expenditure and the financial year immediately before the transfer year.


Notes to the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987

Note 1

The Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 as shown in this compilation comprises Act No. 142, 1987 amended as indicated in the Tables below.

For application, saving or transitional provisions made by the Corporations (Repeals, Consequentials and Transitionals) Act 2001, see Act No. 55, 2001.

All relevant information pertaining to application, saving or transitional provisions prior to 3 May 2000 is not included in this compilation. For subsequent information see Table A.

Table of Acts

Act

Number
and year

Date
of Assent

Date of commencement

Application, saving or transitional provisions

Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987

142, 1987

18 Dec 1987

15 Jan 1988

 

Taxation Laws Amendment (Tax File Numbers) Act 1988

97, 1988

25 Nov 1988

S. 29(1): 1 Jan 1989 (see s. 2(1) and Gazette 1988, No. S399) (a)

Training Guarantee (Administration) Act 1990

60, 1990

16 June 1990

S. 43 and Part 10 (ss. 88–95): 31 Oct 1990 (see Gazette 1990, No. S272)
Remainder: 1 July 1990

Petroleum Resource Rent Legislation Amendment Act 1991

80, 1991

26 June 1991

1 July 1991

Ss. 32–36 and 44

Taxation Laws Amendment Act (No. 3) 1991

216, 1991

24 Dec 1991

S. 113: 1 Mar 1992 (see Gazette 1992, No. GN7)
Ss. 123 and 124: Royal Assent (b)

Ss. 114 and 124

Superannuation Guarantee (Consequential Amendments) Act 1992

92, 1992

30 June 1992

1 July 1992

Sales Tax Amendment (Transitional) Act 1992

118, 1992

30 Sept 1992

28 Oct 1992

Corporate Law Reform Act 1992

210, 1992

24 Dec 1992

Part 1 (ss. 1–3): Royal Assent
Ss. 26(2) and 28(1): 1 Feb 1994
Ss. 29–173 and 177: 23 June 1993 (see Gazette 1993, No. S186)
Remainder: 1 Feb 1993 (see Gazette 1993, No. S25)

Taxation Laws Amendment Act (No. 5) 1992

224, 1992

24 Dec 1992

Part 5 (ss.
113–120): 1 July 1991 (c)

Taxation Laws Amendment Act (No. 3) 1993

118, 1993

24 Dec 1993

Ss. 125, 132 and 133: 1 July 1991 (d)
Ss. 126–128 and 130: Royal Assent (d)
Ss. 129 and 131:
1 July 1993 (d)

Ss. 127(2), 128(2) and 130(2)

Taxation Laws Amendment Act (No. 4) 1994

181, 1994

19 Dec 1994

Schedule 1 (items 22–85): 13 Oct 1994
Remainder: Royal Assent

S. 46(10)

Income Tax (International Agreements) Amendment Act 1995

22, 1995

29 Mar 1995

29 Mar 1995

Income Tax (Consequential Amendments) Act 1997

39, 1997

17 Apr 1997

Schedule 3 (item 110): 1 July 1997

Taxation Laws Amendment Act (No. 3) 1999

11, 1999

31 Mar 1999

Schedule 1 (items 281–296): 1 July 1999 (e)

Financial Sector Reform (Amendments and Transitional Provisions) Act (No. 1) 1999

44, 1999

17 June 1999

Schedule 7 (items 123–125): 1 July 1999 (see Gazette 1999, No. S283) (f)

S. 3(2)(e) (am. by 160, 2000, Sch. 4 [item 4])

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Financial Sector Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 2000

160, 2000

21 Dec 2000

Schedule 1 (item 21): Royal Assent
Remainder: 18 Jan 2001

Public Employment (Consequential and Transitional) Amendment Act 1999

146, 1999

11 Nov 1999

Schedule 1 (item 732): 5 Dec 1999 (see Gazette 1999, No. S584) (g)

A New Tax System (Indirect Tax and Consequential Amendments) Act (No. 2) 1999

177, 1999

22 Dec 1999

Schedule 8 (items 7–18) (h)

A New Tax System (Tax Administration) Act 1999

179, 1999

22 Dec 1999

Schedule 2 (items 48–58): (i)

A New Tax System (Tax Administration) Act (No. 1) 2000

44, 2000

3 May 2000

Schedule 3 (items 39, 40): 1 July 2000 (j)
Schedule 3 (items 41–45) (j)

Sch. 3 (items 40, 42, 44) [see Table A]

Taxation Laws Amendment Act (No 3) 2000

66, 2000

22 June 2000

Schedule 6: Royal Assent (k)

Sch. 6 (item 3) [see Table A]

A New Tax System (Tax Administration) Act (No. 2) 2000

91, 2000

30 June 2000

Schedule 2 (items 54–56): (l)

Corporations (Repeals, Consequentials and Transitionals) Act 2001

55, 2001

28 June 2001

Ss. 4–14 and Schedule 3 (items 413–415): 15 July 2001 (see Gazette 2001, No. S285) (m)

Ss. 4–14 [see Note 1]

Treasury Legislation Amendment (Application of Criminal Code) Act (No. 2) 2001

146, 2001

1 Oct 2001

S. 4 and Schedule 4 (items 102–115): 15 Dec 2001 (n)

S. 4 [see Table A]

Taxation Laws Amendment Act (No. 6) 2001

169, 2001

1 Oct 2001

Schedule 1 (items 1–9): 1 Apr 2002 (o)
Schedule 1 (items 10–12, 15): Royal Assent (o)

Sch. 1 (item 15) [see Table A]

Taxation Laws Amendment Act (No. 3) 2003

101, 2003

14 Oct 2003

Schedule 5: Royal Assent

Greater Sunrise Unitisation Agreement Implementation Act 2004

47, 2004

21 Apr 2004

Schedule 2 (items 1–18): 7 Feb 2007

Bankruptcy Legislation Amendment Act 2004

80, 2004

23 June 2004

Schedule 1 (items 198, 212, 213, 215): 1 Dec 2004 (see Gazette 2004, No. GN34)

Sch. 1 (items 212, 213, 215) [see Table A]

Tax Laws Amendment (2004 Measures No. 7) Act 2005

41, 2005

1 Apr 2005

Schedule 5 and Schedule 10 (items 225–230): Royal Assent

Sch. 5 (item 17) and Sch. 10 (item 230) [see Table A]

Offshore Petroleum (Repeals and Consequential Amendments) Act 2006

17, 2006

29 Mar 2006

Schedule 2 (items 73–96): 1 July 2008 (see s. 2(1) and F2008L02273)

Sch. 2 (item 96)
Sch. 2 (item 95) (am. by 117, 2008, Sch. 3 [item 31AB] and Sch. 4 [item 5]) [see Table A]

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Offshore Petroleum Amendment (Greenhouse Gas Storage) Act 2008

117, 2008

21 Nov 2008

Schedule 3 (item 31AB) and Schedule 4 (item 5): (see 117, 2008 below)

Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Amendment Act 2006

78, 2006

30 June 2006

Schedule 3 (item 3): (p)
Schedule 4 (items 5, 8): (p)
Remainder: 1 July 2006

Sch. 1 (item 12), Sch. 2 (items 3, 4), Sch. 3 (item 9), Sch. 4 (item 38) and Sch. 5 (item 23)
[see Table A]

Tax Laws Amendment (Repeal of Inoperative Provisions) Act 2006

101, 2006

14 Sept 2006

Schedule 2 (items 1017, 1041–1043) and Schedule 6 (items 1, 6–11): Royal Assent

Sch. 6 (items 1,
 6–11) [see Table A]

Statute Law Revision Act 2007

8, 2007

15 Mar 2007

Schedule 4 (item 22): Royal Assent

Offshore Petroleum Amendment (Greater Sunrise) Act 2007

49, 2007

10 Apr 2007

Schedule 1 (items 88–94, 97): (q)

Sch. 1 (item 97) (am. by 117, 2008, Sch. 3 [item 31AA]) [see Table A]

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Offshore Petroleum Amendment (Greenhouse Gas Storage) Act 2008

117, 2008

21 Nov 2008

Schedule 3 (item 31AA): (see 117, 2008 below)

Offshore Petroleum Amendment (Greenhouse Gas Storage) Act 2008

117, 2008

21 Nov 2008

Schedule 2 (items 59–65): (r)
Schedule 3 (items 31AA, 31AB,
34–50, 52–54): 22 Nov 2008
Schedule 4 (items 5–9): (r)

Tax Laws Amendment (2009 Measures No. 3) Act 2009

47, 2009

24 June 2009

Schedule 3 (items 1–20): 1 July 2009
Schedule 3 (items 21–36): 1 July 2008
Schedule 3 (item 37): 12 May 2009

Sch. 3 (items 20, 36) [see Table A]

Tax Laws Amendment (2009 Measures No. 4) Act 2009

88, 2009

18 Sept 2009

Schedule 5 (items 209–230): Royal Assent

Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Legislation Amendment Act 2009

102, 2009

8 Oct 2009

Schedule 1 (item 68): 9 Oct 2009


(a)     The Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 was amended by subsection 29(1) only of the Taxation Laws Amendment (Tax File Numbers) Act 1988, subsection 2(1) of which provides as follows:

                 (1)   Subject to subsection (2), this Act commences on the day on which the Privacy Act 1988 commences.

(b)    The Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 was amended by sections 113, 123 and 124 only of the Taxation Laws Amendment Act (No. 3) 1991, subsections 2(1) and (10) of which provide as follows:

                 (1)   Subject to this section, this Act commences on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

               (10)   Subject to subsection (11), sections 112 to 117 (inclusive) commence on a day to be fixed by Proclamation.

(c)     The Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 was amended by Part 5 (sections 113–120) only of the Taxation Laws Amendment Act (No. 5) 1992, subsection 2(3) of which provides as follows:

                 (3)   Part 5 is taken to have commenced on 1 July 1991.

(d)     The Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 was amended by sections 125–133 only of the Taxation Laws Amendment Act (No. 3) 1993, subsections 2(1)–(3) of which provide as follows:

                 (1)   Subject to this section, this Act commences on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

                 (2)   Sections 125, 132 and 133 are taken to have commenced on 1 July 1991.

                 (3)   Sections 129 and 131 are taken to have commenced on 1 July 1993.

(e)     The Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 was amended by Schedule 1 (items 281–296) only of the Taxation Laws Amendment Act (No. 3) 1999, subsection 2(3) of which provides as follows:

                 (3)   Subject to subsections (4) and (5), Schedule 1 commences on 1 July 1999.

(f)      The Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 was amended by Schedule 7 (items 123–125) only of the Financial Sector Reform (Amendments and Transitional Provisions) Act (No. 1) 1999, subsections 3(2)(e) and (16) of which provide as follows:

                 (2)   The following provisions commence on the transfer date:

                      (e)   subject to subsection (12), Schedule 7, other than items 43, 44, 118, 205 and 207 (the commencement of those items is covered by subsections (10), (11) and (13)).

               (16)   The Governor‑General may, by Proclamation published in the Gazette, specify the date that is to be the transfer date for the purposes of this Act.

(g)     The Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 was amended by Schedule 1 (item 732) only of the Public Employment (Consequential and Transitional) Amendment Act 1999, subsections 2(1) and (2) of which provide as follows:

                 (1)   In this Act, commencing time means the time when the Public Service Act 1999 commences.

                 (2)   Subject to this section, this Act commences at the commencing time.

(h)     The Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 was amended by Schedule 8 (items 7–18) only of the A New Tax System (Indirect Tax and Consequential Amendments) Act (No. 2) 1999, subsection 2(9) of which provides as follows:

                 (9)   Schedules 7 and 8 (other than items 1 to 6 of Schedule 8) commence immediately after the commencement of the A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999.

         The A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999 commenced on 1 July 2000.

(i)      The Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 was amended by Schedule 2 (items 48–58) only of the A New Tax System (Tax Administration) Act 1999, subsection 2(1) of which provides as follows:

                 (1)   Subject to this section, this Act commences, or is taken to have commenced, immediately after the commencement of section 1 of the A New Tax System (Pay As You Go) Act 1999.

         Section 1 of the A New Tax System (Pay As You Go) Act 1999 commenced on 22 December 1999.

(j)      The Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 was amended by Schedule 3 (items 39, 41, 43 and 45) only of the A New Tax System (Tax Administration) Act (No. 1) 2000, subsections 2(1) and (9) of which provide as follows:

                 (1)   Subject to this section, this Act commences, or is taken to have commenced, immediately after the commencement of section 1 of the A New Tax System (Tax Administration) Act 1999.

         Section 1 commenced on 22 December 1999.

                 (9)   Items 39, 40, 52, 53, 73 and 74 of Schedule 3 commence, or are taken to have commenced, on 1 July 2000.

(k)     The Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 was amended by Schedule 6 only of the Taxation Laws Amendment Act (No. 3) 2000, subsection 2(1) of which provides as follows:

                 (1)   Subject to this section, this Act commences on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

(l)      The Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 was amended by Schedule 2 (items 54–56) only of the A New Tax System (Tax Administration) Act (No. 2) 2000, subsection 3(1) of which provides as follows:

                 (1)   Subject to this section, this Act commences, or is taken to have commenced, immediately after the commencement of section 1‑1 of the A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999.

         Section 1‑1 of the A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999 commenced on 1 July 2000.

(m)    The Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 was amended by Schedule 3 (items 413–415) only of the Corporations (Repeals, Consequentials and Transitionals) Act 2001, subsection 2(3) of which provides as follows:

                 (3)   Subject to subsections (4) to (10), Schedule 3 commences, or is taken to have commenced, at the same time as the Corporations Act 2001.

(n)     The Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 was amended by Schedule 4 (items 102–115) only of the Treasury Legislation Amendment (Application of Criminal Code) Act (No. 2) 2001, subsection 2(1) of which provides as follows:

                 (1)   Subject to this section, this Act commences on the day mentioned in subsection 2.2(2) of the Criminal Code.

(o)     The Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 was amended by Schedule 1 (items 1–12) only of the Taxation Laws Amendment Act (No. 6) 2001, subsections 2(1) and (3) of which provide as follows:

                 (1)   Subject to this section, this Act commences on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

                 (3)   If Part 1 of Schedule 1 does not commence under subsection (2) within the period of 6 months beginning on the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent, it commences on the first day after the end of that period.

(p)     Subsection 2(1) (items 4, 7, 9 and 11) of the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Amendment Act 2006 provides as follows:

                 (1)   Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Commencement information

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Provision(s)

Commencement

Date/Details

4.  Schedule 3, item 3

Immediately after the commencement of Chapter 2 of the Offshore Petroleum Act 2006.

1 July 2008

7.  Schedule 4, item 5

Immediately after the commencement of the provisions covered by table item 11.

1 July 2006

9.  Schedule 4, item 8

Immediately after the commencement of the provisions covered by table item 11.

1 July 2006

11.  Schedule 5

1 July 2006.

1 July 2006

(q)     Subsection 2(1) (item 2) of the Offshore Petroleum Amendment (Greater Sunrise) Act 2007 provides as follows:

                 (1)   Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Provision(s)

Commencement

Date/Details

2.  Schedule 1

Immediately after the commencement of section 3 of the Offshore Petroleum Act 2006.

1 July 2008

(r)     Subsection 2(1) (items 2–4 and 6) of the Offshore Petroleum Amendment (Greenhouse Gas Storage) Act 2008 provides as follows:

                 (1)   Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Provision(s)

Commencement

Date/Details

2.  Schedule 1

The day after this Act receives the Royal Assent.

22 November 2008

3.  Schedule 2

Immediately after the commencement of the provision(s) covered by table item 2.

22 November 2008

4.  Schedule 3

The day after this Act receives the Royal Assent.

22 November 2008

6.  Schedule 4, Part 2

Immediately after the commencement of the provision(s) covered by table item 4.

22 November 2008


Table of Amendments

ad. = added or inserted     am. = amended     rep. = repealed     rs. = repealed and substituted

Provision affected

How affected

Part I

 

S. 1A ..................................

ad. No. 146, 2001

Part II

 

S. 2 .....................................

am. Nos. 80 and 216, 1991; No. 210, 1992; Nos. 11, 146 and 177, 1999; Nos. 55 and 169, 2001; No. 101, 2003; No. 47, 2004; No. 41, 2005; Nos. 17 and 78, 2006; Nos. 8 and 49, 2007; No. 117, 2008; Nos. 47, 88 and 102, 2009

S. 2A ..................................

ad. No. 80, 1991

Heading to s. 2B..................

am. No. 47, 2009

Subhead. to s. 2B(1)...........

ad. No. 47, 2009

Subhead. to s. 2B(5)...........

ad. No. 47, 2009

S. 2B ..................................

ad. No. 80, 1991

 

am. No. 55, 2001; No. 78, 2006; No. 47, 2009

S. 2BA.................................

ad. No. 47, 2009

S. 2C...................................

ad. No. 47, 2004

 

am. No. 49, 2007; No. 117, 2008

S. 2D...................................

ad. No. 78, 2006

S. 3......................................

am. No. 17, 2006; No. 117, 2008

S. 4 .....................................

am. No. 80, 1991

Subhead. to s. 5(1).............

ad. No. 47, 2009

S. 5......................................

am. No. 101, 2006; No. 47, 2009

S. 10....................................

rs. No. 47, 2009

Part III

 

S. 17 ...................................

am. No. 97, 1988; No. 146, 2001; No. 78, 2006

Note to s. 17(5)...................

ad. No. 146, 2001

S. 18....................................

am. No. 88, 2009

Part IV

 

S. 19 ...................................

am. No. 80, 1991; No. 101, 2003; No. 47, 2009

S. 20....................................

am. No. 88, 2009

Part V

 

Division 1

 

S. 22 ...................................

rs. No. 80, 1991

 

am. No. 47, 2004

Division 2

 

S. 22B.................................

ad. No. 177, 1999

S. 23....................................

am. No. 101, 2003; No. 47, 2004; No. 49, 2007; No. 117, 2008

S. 24 ...................................

am. No. 169, 2001; No. 101, 2003; No. 78, 2006

S. 24A.................................

ad. No. 101, 2003

 

am. No. 47, 2009

S. 26 ...................................

am. No. 169, 2001

S. 27....................................

am. No. 78, 2006

S. 31 ...................................

am. No. 80, 1991

S. 31A ................................

ad. No. 80, 1991

Division 3

 

S. 31B.................................

ad. No. 177, 1999

Ss. 32–34 ...........................

am. No. 80, 1991

S. 34A ................................

ad. No. 80, 1991

 

am. No. 169, 2001; No. 17, 2006; No. 117, 2008

S. 35 ...................................

am. No. 80, 1991

Ss. 35A, 35B ......................

ad. No. 80, 1991

S. 36 ...................................

am. No. 80, 1991

S. 36A ................................

ad. No. 41, 2005

 

am. No. 17, 2006

Heading to s. 36B................

am. No. 47, 2009

S. 36B ................................

ad. No. 41, 2005

 

am. No. 17, 2006; No. 117, 2008; Nos. 47 and 88, 2009

S. 36C.................................

ad. No. 41, 2005

Ss. 37, 38............................

am. No. 101, 2003; No. 47, 2009

S. 39....................................

am. No. 78, 2006

S. 40....................................

am. No. 80, 2004

S. 41....................................

am. No. 101, 2003; No. 47, 2009

S. 44....................................

am. No. 39, 1997; No. 177, 1999; No. 78, 2006

S. 45 ...................................

rs. No. 80, 1991

Division 3A

 

Div. 3A of Part V ................

ad. No. 80, 1991

Ss. 45A, 45B ......................

ad. No. 80, 1991

 

am. No. 118, 1993; No. 146, 2001; No. 41, 2005; No. 78, 2006

S. 45C ................................

ad. No. 80, 1991

 

am. No. 41, 2005

S. 45D ................................

ad. No. 80, 1991

S. 45E..................................

ad. No. 78, 2006

Division 4

 

S. 46....................................

am. No. 47, 2004; No. 47, 2009

Division 5

 

S. 48 ...................................

am. No. 224, 1992; No. 66, 2000; No. 78, 2006

S. 48A ................................

ad. No. 118, 1993

 

am. No. 78, 2006

Division 6

 

Subdivision A

 

S. 53 ...................................

am. No. 216, 1991

S. 54....................................

rep. No. 78, 2006

S. 55 ...................................

am. No. 22, 1995

Subdivision B

 

S. 57 ...................................

am. No. 169, 2001

Division 7

 

Div. 7 of Part V....................

ad. No. 47, 2009

Ss. 58A–58H.......................

ad. No. 47, 2009

Ss. 58J–58M.......................

ad. No. 47, 2009

Part VI

 

Division 1

 

S. 59 ...................................

am. No. 118, 1993; No. 41, 2005; No. 78, 2006

Notes 1, 2 to s. 59...............

ad. No. 78, 2006

S. 60....................................

am. No. 78, 2006

Note to s. 60........................

ad. No. 78, 2006

Division 2

 

Div. 2 of Part VI...................

rs. No. 78, 2006

S. 61....................................

am. No 146, 2001

 

rs. No. 78, 2006

Ss. 62, 63............................

rs. No. 78, 2006

S. 64 ...................................

am. No. 80, 1991

 

rs. No. 78, 2006

Heading to s. 65..................

am. No. 11, 1999

 

rs. No. 78, 2006

S. 65 ...................................

am. No. 216, 1991; No. 181, 1994; No. 11, 1999; No. 44, 2000

 

rs. No. 78, 2006

Note to s. 65(1)...................

ad. No. 11, 1999

 

rep. No. 78, 2006

S. 66....................................

ad. No. 78, 2006

Division 3

 

Div. 3 of Part VI...................

ad. No. 78, 2006

Ss. 67–69............................

rs. No. 78, 2006

S. 69A ................................

ad. No. 216, 1991

 

rep. No. 78, 2006

Ss. 70–72............................

rep. No. 216, 1991

 

ad. No. 78, 2006

Part VII ................................

rep. No. 216, 1991

Ss. 73–81 ...........................

rep. No. 216, 1991

Part VIII

 

Division 1

 

S. 82....................................

rs. No. 78, 2006

Note s. 82............................

ad. No. 179, 1999

 

rep. No. 78, 2006

Ss. 83, 84............................

rep. No. 179, 1999

Heading to s. 85..................

am. No. 78, 2006

S. 85....................................

rs. No. 11, 1999

 

am. No. 78, 2006

Note to s. 85(1)...................

am. No. 101, 2006

Ss. 86, 87............................

rep. No. 179, 1999

S. 88 ...................................

am. No. 60, 1990; Nos. 92 and 118, 1992

 

rep. No. 179, 1999

S. 89....................................

rep. No. 179, 1999

S. 90 ...................................

am. No. 216, 1991

 

rep. No. 179, 1999

S. 91....................................

am. No. 44, 1999

 

rep. No. 179, 1999

S. 92....................................

am. No. 78, 2006

Division 2

 

S. 93....................................

am. No. 44, 2000

Note to s. 95........................

ad. No. 44, 2000

S. 97 ...................................

am. No. 80, 1991; No. 169, 2001; No. 78, 2006

Note to s. 97(1A)................

ad. No. 78, 2006

S. 98 ...................................

am. No. 41, 2005

Ss. 98A–98D.......................

ad. No. 78, 2006

Part IX

 

S. 100A...............................

ad. No. 91, 2000

Part X

 

S. 106 .................................

am. No. 216, 1991; No. 78, 2006

S. 106A ..............................

ad. No. 169, 2001

S. 107..................................

am. No  91, 2000

S. 108..................................

am. No. 88, 2009

S. 109..................................

am. No. 78, 2006

Ss. 110, 111........................

rep. No. 179, 1999

S. 112..................................

am. No. 91, 2000; No. 146, 2001

Note to s. 112(3).................

ad. No. 146, 2001

Note to s. 112(4).................

ad. No. 146, 2001

S. 114..................................

am. No. 78, 2006

Schedule

 

Schedule ............................

ad. No. 80, 1991

 

am. No. 224, 1992; No. 118, 1993; No. 169, 2001; No. 47, 2004; No. 41, 2005; Nos. 17 and 78, 2006; No. 117, 2008


Table A

Application, saving or transitional provisions

A New Tax System (Tax Administration) Act (No. 1) 2000 (No. 44, 2000)

Schedule 3

40  Saving

Despite the repeal of subsection 65(5) of the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 by item 39, that subsection continues to have effect in relation to an exercise of the Commissioner’s power under section 84 of that Act before 1 July 2000.

42  Saving

A reference to section 83, 84, 86, 88, 89, 110 or 111 of the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 (the PRRTA Act) in an item in Part 3 of Schedule 2 to the A New Tax System (Tax Administration) Act 1999 includes a reference to that section as it had effect, before its repeal, because of subsection 65(12) of the PRRTA Act.

44  Saving

A reference to section 84, 86, 110 or 111 of the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 (the PRRTA Act) in an item in Part 3 of Schedule 2 to the A New Tax System (Tax Administration) Act 1999 includes a reference to that section as it had effect, before its repeal, because of subsection 93(1) of the PRRTA Act.

 

Taxation Laws Amendment Act (No 3) 2000 (No. 66, 2000)

Schedule 6

3  Application

The amendments made by this Schedule apply to transactions entered into after this Schedule commences.

 

Treasury Legislation Amendment (Application of Criminal Code) Act (No. 2) 2001 (No. 146, 2001)

4  Application of amendments

             (1)  Each amendment made by this Act applies to acts and omissions that take place after the amendment commences.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, if an act or omission is alleged to have taken place between 2 dates, one before and one on or after the day on which a particular amendment commences, the act or omission is alleged to have taken place before the amendment commences.

 

Taxation Laws Amendment Act (No. 6) 2001 (No. 169, 2001)

Schedule 1

15  Application

The amendments made by this Part apply to projects in respect of which an application was made under section 39A, 40 or 40A of the Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act 1967 after 23 December 1998.

 

Bankruptcy Legislation Amendment Act 2004 (No. 80, 2004)

Schedule 1

212  Transitional—pre‑commencement deeds and compositions

(1)        For the purposes of this item, if a deed of assignment or a deed of arrangement was executed by a debtor and a trustee under Part X of the Bankruptcy Act 1966 before the commencement of this item, the deed is a pre‑commencement deed.

(2)        For the purposes of this item, if a composition was accepted before the commencement of this item by a special resolution of a meeting of creditors under section 204 of the Bankruptcy Act 1966, the composition is a pre‑commencement composition.

(3)        Despite the repeals and amendments made by Parts 1 and 2 of this Schedule:

                     (a)  the Bankruptcy Act 1966 and regulations under that Act; and

                     (b)  the Acts amended by Part 2 of this Schedule;

continue to apply, in relation to:

                     (c)  a pre‑commencement deed; and

                     (d)  a pre‑commencement composition; and

                     (e)  any matter connected with, or arising out of:

                              (i)  a pre‑commencement deed; or

                             (ii)  a pre‑commencement composition;

as if those repeals had not happened and those amendments had not been made.

213  Transitional—pre‑commencement authorities

(1)        For the purposes of this item, if:

                     (a)  an authority given by a debtor under section 188 of the Bankruptcy Act 1966 became effective before the commencement of this item; and

                     (b)  as at the commencement of this item, none of the following had happened:

                              (i)  the execution by the debtor and the trustee of a deed of assignment under Part X of the Bankruptcy Act 1966;

                             (ii)  the execution by the debtor and the trustee of a deed of arrangement under Part X of the Bankruptcy Act 1966;

                            (iii)  the acceptance of a composition by a special resolution of a meeting of the debtor’s creditors under section 204 of the Bankruptcy Act 1966;

the authority is a pre‑commencement authority.

(2)        Despite the repeals and amendments made by Parts 1 and 2 of this Schedule:

                     (a)  the Bankruptcy Act 1966 and regulations under that Act; and

                     (b)  the Acts amended by Part 2 of this Schedule;

continue to apply, in relation to:

                     (c)  a pre‑commencement authority; and

                     (d)  the control of the debtor’s property following a pre‑commencement authority becoming effective; and

                     (e)  a meeting of the debtor’s creditors called under a pre‑commencement authority; and

                      (f)  whichever of the following is applicable:

                              (i)  a deed of assignment executed after the commencement of this item by the debtor and the trustee under Part X of the Bankruptcy Act 1966 in accordance with a special resolution of such a meeting;

                             (ii)  a deed of arrangement executed after the commencement of this item by the debtor and the trustee under Part X of the Bankruptcy Act 1966 in accordance with a special resolution of such a meeting;

                            (iii)  a composition accepted after the commencement of this item by a special resolution of such a meeting; and

                     (g)  any other matter connected with, or arising out of:

                              (i)  a pre‑commencement authority; or

                             (ii)  a deed of assignment mentioned in subparagraph (f)(i); or

                            (iii)  a deed of arrangement mentioned in subparagraph (f)(ii); or

                            (iv)  a composition mentioned in subparagraph (f)(iii);

as if those repeals had not happened and those amendments had not been made.

215  Transitional—regulations

(1)        The regulations may make provision for matters of a transitional nature arising from the amendments made by Parts 1 and 2 of this Schedule.

(2)        The Governor‑General may make regulations for the purposes of subitem (1).

 

Tax Laws Amendment (2004 Measures No. 7) Act 2005 (No. 41, 2005)

Schedule 5

17  Application

(1)        The amendments made by this Schedule (other than items 5 and 6) apply in respect of any exploration expenditure incurred (whether before or after this Schedule commences) where the eligible exploration or recovery area is a designated frontier area.

(2)        The amendments made by items 5 and 6 apply in respect of any objection made (whether before or after that item commences) that has not yet been finally determined or otherwise disposed of.

Schedule 10

230  Transitional

An approval of a form for the purposes of the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 that was in force immediately before the commencement of this item has effect after that commencement as if it had been done under section 388‑50 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

 

Offshore Petroleum (Repeals and Consequential Amendments) Act 2006
(No. 17, 2006)

Schedule 2

95  Transitional—pre‑commencement events and circumstances

For the purposes of the application of:

                     (a)  the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 (the PRRTA Act); or

                     (b)  an Act with which the PRRTA Act is incorporated;

to events that occurred, and circumstances that arose, before the commencement of this item:

                     (c)  each of the following definitions in section 2 of the PRRTA Act has effect as if the defined expression included anything that was covered by the definition as in force before the commencement of this item:

                              (i)  the definition of access authority;

                             (ii)  the definition of block;

                            (iii)  the definition of certifying Minister;

                            (iv)  the definition of designated frontier expenditure;

                             (v)  the definition of excluded fee;

                            (vi)  the definition of exploration permit;

                           (vii)  the definition of exploration permit area;

                           (viii)  the definition of holder of a registered interest;

                            (ix)  the definition of petroleum;

                             (x)  the definition of pipeline licence;

                            (xi)  the definition of production licence;

                           (xii)  the definition of production licence area;

                           (xiii)  the definition of registered holder;

                          (xiv)  the definition of retention lease;

                           (xv)  the definition of retention lease area; and

                     (d)  section 3 of the PRRTA Act has effect as if:

                              (i)  a reference in that section to the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006 included a reference to the repealed Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act 1967; and

                             (ii)  the reference in that section to Division 3 of Part 1.2 of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006 included a reference to section 6A of the repealed Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act 1967; and

                     (e)  paragraph 34A(1)(a) of the PRRTA Act has effect as if the reference in that paragraph to subsection 258(7) of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006 included a reference to subsection 41(3) of the repealed Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act 1967; and

                      (f)  subsection 36B(1) of the PRRTA Act has effect as if the reference in that subsection to the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006 included a reference to the repealed Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act 1967; and

                     (g)  the definition of potential exploration permit area in subsection 36B(6) of the PRRTA Act has effect as if the reference in that definition to Part 2.2 of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006 included a reference to Division 2 of Part III of the repealed Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act 1967; and

                     (h)  the definition of relevant pre‑commencement day in clause 1 of the Schedule to the PRRTA Act has effect as if a reference in that definition to subsection 258(7) of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006 included a reference to subsection 41(3) of the repealed Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act 1967.

96  Transitional—section 36B of the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987

(1)        This item applies to an instrument if:

                     (a)  the instrument was in force immediately before the commencement of this item; and

                     (b)  the instrument was made under subsection 36B(1) or (5) of the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 (the PRRTA Act).

(2)        The instrument has effect, after the commencement of this item, as if:

                     (a)  it had been made under the corresponding provision of the PRRTA Act as amended by this Act; and

                     (b)  any requirement imposed by the PRRTA Act (as amended by this Act) in relation to the making of the instrument had been satisfied.

(3)        Subitem (2) does not prevent the instrument continuing to have effect for the purposes of the application of:

                     (a)  the PRRTA Act; or

                     (b)  an Act with which the PRRTA Act is incorporated;

to events that occurred, and circumstances that arose, before the commencement of this item.

 

Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Amendment Act 2006 (No. 78, 2006)

Schedule 1

12  Application

The amendments made by Part 1 of this Schedule apply only in relation to instalment transfers under the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 for financial years that start on or after 1 July 2006.

Schedule 2

3  Application—years of tax that start on or after 1 July 2006

The amendments made by Part 1 of this Schedule apply only in relation to instalments and assessments of tax under the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 for financial years that start on or after 1 July 2006.

4  Application—pre‑1 July 2006 expenditure

(1)        Transferable exploration expenditure that was actually incurred before 1 July 2006 may, unless subitem (2), (3) or (4) applies, be transferred in relation to a transfer year that starts on or after 1 July 2006 from one company (the loss company) to another company (the profit company) in relation to a petroleum project (the receiving project) in which the profit company holds (or has held) an interest (the receiving interest).

(2)        The expenditure cannot be transferred if new clause 31, or any other provision of the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 (as amended by this Act), prevents the transfer.

(3)        If the starting day for the receiving project was before 1 July 2006, the expenditure cannot be transferred if old clause 31 would have prevented the transfer of the expenditure, in relation to the transfer year starting on 1 July 2005, from the company which actually incurred the expenditure to the company which held the receiving interest at the end of that year.

(4)        If the starting day for the receiving project was on or after 1 July 2006, the expenditure cannot be transferred if paragraph 31(1)(a) of the old clause 31, subject to subclauses (2), (2AA), (2AB) and (2A) of that clause, did not, in relation to the transfer year starting on 1 July 2005, apply to the company which actually incurred the expenditure.

(5)        If section 41 of the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 applies to the expenditure, a reference in subitem (3) or (4) to the company which actually incurred the expenditure is taken to be a reference to the company taken under paragraph 41(1)(b) of the Act to have incurred the liability for making the expenditure.

(6)        An expression used in this item has the same meaning as in Part 6 of the Schedule to the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987.

(7)        In this item:

new clause 31 means clause 31 of the Schedule to the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987, as amended by Part 1 of this Schedule.

old clause 31 means clause 31 of the Schedule to the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987, as in force immediately before 1 July 2006.

Schedule 3

9  Application

The amendments made by Part 1 of this Schedule apply only in relation to assessments of tax under the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 for financial years that start on or after 1 July 2006.

Schedule 4

38  Application

The amendments made by Part 1 of this Schedule apply only in relation to returns and assessments of tax, and instalments of tax, under the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 for financial years that start on or after 1 July 2006.

Schedule 5

23  Application

(1)        The amendments made by items 13, 14, 16 and 17 apply only in relation to transactions entered into on or after 1 July 2006.

(2)        The other amendments made by this Schedule apply only in relation to returns, assessments, notices and certificates under the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 in relation to financial years that start on or after 1 July 2006.

 

Tax Laws Amendment (Repeal of Inoperative Provisions) Act 2006
(No. 101, 2006)

Schedule 6

1  Application of Schedule 1 and 2 amendments

Except as mentioned in items 2 and 3, the repeals and amendments made by Schedules 1 and 2 apply:

                     (a)  so far as they affect assessments—to assessments for the 2006‑07 income year and all later income years; and

                     (b)  otherwise—to acts done or omitted to be done, or states of affairs existing, after the commencement of the repeals and amendments.

6  Object

The object of this Part is to ensure that, despite the repeals and amendments made by this Act, the full legal and administrative consequences of:

                     (a)  any act done or omitted to be done; or

                     (b)  any state of affairs existing; or

                     (c)  any period ending;

before such a repeal or amendment applies, can continue to arise and be carried out, directly or indirectly through an indefinite number of steps, even if some or all of those steps are taken after the repeal or amendment applies.

7  Making and amending assessments, and doing other things, in relation to past matters

Even though an Act is repealed or amended by this Act, the repeal or amendment is disregarded for the purpose of doing any of the following under any Act or legislative instrument (within the meaning of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003):

                     (a)  making or amending an assessment (including under a provision that is itself repealed or amended);

                     (b)  exercising any right or power, performing any obligation or duty or doing any other thing (including under a provision that is itself repealed or amended);

in relation to any act done or omitted to be done, any state of affairs existing, or any period ending, before the repeal or amendment applies.

Example 1: On 31 July 1999, Greg Ltd lodged its annual return under former section 160ARE of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936. The return stated that the company had a credit on its franking account and that no franking deficit tax was payable for the 1998‑99 franking year. Under former section 160ARH of that Act, the Commissioner was taken to have made an assessment consistent with the return.

                   Following an audit undertaken after the repeal of Part IIIAA of that Act, the Commissioner concludes that Greg Ltd fraudulently overfranked dividends it paid during the 1998‑99 franking year, and had a franking account deficit for that franking year. As a result, the Commissioner considers that franking deficit tax and a penalty by way of additional tax are payable.

                   The Commissioner can amend the assessment under former section 160ARN of that Act, because item 7 of this Schedule disregards the repeal of that section for the purposes of making an assessment in relation to the 1998‑99 franking year. Item 7 will also disregard the repeal of Division 11 of former Part IIIAA to the extent necessary for the Commissioner to assess Greg Ltd’s liability to a penalty by way of additional tax.

                   Despite the repeal of sections 160ARU and 160ARV, item 9 will ensure that the general interest charge will accrue on the unpaid franking deficit tax and penalty until they are paid.

                   Item 7 will also preserve Greg Ltd’s right, under former section 160ART of that Act, to object against the Commissioner’s amended assessment (including the penalty), since the objection is the exercise of a right in relation to a franking year that ended before the repeal of Part IIIAA.

Example 2: During the 1997‑98 income year, Duffy Property Ltd withheld amounts from its employees’ wages as required by former Divisions 1AAA and 2 of Part VI of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936. The company failed to notify the Commissioner of those amounts, and failed to remit them to the Commissioner.

                   Following an audit undertaken after the repeal of those Divisions, the Commissioner discovers that the withheld amounts have not been remitted. The company’s records are incomplete and the Commissioner is unable to completely ascertain the extent of its liability for the withheld amounts. Under section 222AGA of that Act, the Commissioner makes an estimate of the liability.

                   Item 7 will disregard the repeal of section 220AAZA of that Act (which empowered the Commissioner to recover the amount of the estimate). Even though the estimate is made after the repeal, it relates to amounts withheld before the repeal.

8  Saving of provisions about effect of assessments

If a provision or part of a provision that is repealed or amended by this Act deals with the effect of an assessment, the repeal or amendment is disregarded in relation to assessments made, before or after the repeal or amendment applies, in relation to any act done or omitted to be done, any state of affairs existing, or any period ending, before the repeal or amendment applies.

9  Saving of provisions about general interest charge, failure to notify penalty or late reconciliation statement penalty

If:

                     (a)  a provision or part of a provision that is repealed or amended by this Act provides for the payment of:

                              (i)  general interest charge, failure to notify penalty or late reconciliation statement penalty (all within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936); or

                             (ii)  interest under the Taxation (Interest on Overpayments and Early Payments) Act 1983; and

                     (b)  in a particular case, the period in respect of which the charge, penalty or interest is payable (whether under the provision or under the Taxation Administration Act 1953) has not begun, or has begun but not ended, when the provision is repealed or amended;

then, despite the repeal or amendment, the provision or part continues to apply in the particular case until the end of the period.

10  Repeals disregarded for the purposes of dependent provisions

If the operation of a provision (the subject provision) of any Act or legislative instrument (within the meaning of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003) made under any Act depends to any extent on an Act, or a provision of an Act, that is repealed by this Act, the repeal is disregarded so far as it affects the operation of the subject provision.

11  Schedule does not limit operation of section 8 of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901

This Schedule does not limit the operation of section 8 of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

 

Offshore Petroleum Amendment (Greater Sunrise) Act 2007 (No. 49, 2007)

Schedule 1

97  Regulations

(1)        The Governor‑General may make regulations in relation to transitional matters arising out of the amendments made by this Act.

(2)        The Governor‑General may make regulations making provision (including provision by way of modification or adaptation of any Act) for or in relation to matters consequential on amendments made by this Act.

(3)        The Governor‑General may make regulations that:

                     (a)  in the Minister’s opinion, are necessary or convenient for giving effect to any provision of the Greater Sunrise unitisation agreement; and

                     (b)  are not inconsistent with any amendment made by this Act.

(4)        In this item:

Greater Sunrise unitisation agreement has the same meaning as in the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006.

 

Tax Laws Amendment (2009 Measures No. 3) Act 2009 (No. 47, 2009)

Schedule 3

20  Application of amendments

The amendments made by this Part apply in relation to instalments and assessments of tax under the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 for years of tax that start on or after 1 July 2009.

36  Application of amendments

The amendments made by this Part apply in relation to instalments and assessments of tax under the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Assessment Act 1987 for years of tax that start on or after 1 July 2008.