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Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988

  • - C2009C00254
  • In force - Superseded Version
  • View Series
Act No. 3 of 1988 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Act No. 144 of 2008
An Act to make provision for the collection of certain periodic maintenance payments, and for other purposes
Administered by: Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs; Human Services
Registered 01 Jul 2009
Start Date 01 Jul 2009
End Date 10 May 2010

Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988

Act No. 3 of 1988 as amended

This compilation was prepared on 1 July 2009
taking into account amendments up to Act No. 144 of 2008

The text of any of those amendments not in force
on that date is appended in the Notes section

The operation of amendments that have been incorporated may be
affected by application provisions that are set out in the Notes section

Prepared by the Office of Legislative Drafting and Publishing,
Attorney‑General’s Department, Canberra

  

  

  


Contents

Part I—Preliminary                                                                                                              1

1............ Short title [see Note 1]........................................................................ 1

2............ Commencement [see Note 1].............................................................. 1

3............ Objects of Act..................................................................................... 1

3A......... Application of the Criminal Code....................................................... 1

4............ Interpretation....................................................................................... 2

5............ Extension and application of Act in relation to maintenance of exnuptial children    15

6............ Additional application of Act in relation to maintenance of children of marriages    17

7............ Corresponding State laws................................................................. 17

8............ Act to bind Crown............................................................................ 18

9............ External Territories............................................................................ 18

Part II—Administration                                                                                                   19

10.......... Child Support Registrar.................................................................... 19

11.......... Secretary to have general administration of Act................................ 19

13.......... Child Support Register...................................................................... 19

14.......... Annual report.................................................................................... 19

15.......... Delegation......................................................................................... 20

16.......... Secrecy.............................................................................................. 20

16AA.... Offence of unauthorised use of information...................................... 27

16A....... Applications, notices, elections to be in the manner specified by the Registrar         28

16B....... Registrar’s power to request tax file numbers................................... 29

16C....... Registrar may require Commissioner to provide information............ 30

Part III—Registration of maintenance liabilities                                              31

Division 1—Registrable maintenance liabilities                                           31

17.......... Liabilities in relation to children that are registrable maintenance liabilities               31

17A....... Liabilities in relation to persons who have paid amounts where no liability to pay because the person is not the parent.......................................................................................................... 31

18.......... Liabilities in relation to parties to marriages, or parties to de facto relationships, that are registrable maintenance liabilities.......................................................................................................... 32

18A....... Liability in relation to registrable overseas maintenance liabilities..... 32

19.......... Exclusion of liabilities by regulation................................................. 33

Division 2—Registration of maintenance liabilities                                    34

20.......... Arrangements with States, Northern Territory and Norfolk Island for transfer of liabilities    34

21.......... Arrangements in relation to Territories (other than the Northern Territory or Norfolk Island) for transfer of liabilities.......................................................................................................... 34

22.......... Registrar to register transferred liabilities in Child Support Register. 34

23.......... Payer and payee to notify Registrar when registrable maintenance liability arises etc.              34

24.......... Registrar to register liability in Child Support Register on receipt of notification etc.               36

24A....... Registrar to register liability in Child Support Register on making of child support assessment              36

25.......... Application for registration of registrable maintenance liability......... 37

25A....... Inclusion of certain liabilities in the Child Support Register.............. 39

25B....... Effect of inclusion............................................................................. 39

25C....... Limitation on inclusion of liabilities in Register................................ 39

26.......... Particulars of liability to be entered in Child Support Register.......... 40

26A....... Payment period to be entered in Register under paragraph 26(2)(b) if Registrar to collect by deduction from salary or wages................................................................................................ 42

26B....... Payment period to be entered in Register under paragraph 26(2)(b) if payer makes voluntary payments 43

26C....... Initial period that may be registered under paragraph 26(2)(a).......... 45

27.......... Single entry in relation to all liabilities with same payer and payee... 47

28.......... Day on which liability first becomes enforceable under Act............. 47

28A....... Reversal of subsection 23(3) or 24A(2) election—collection of arrears 48

28B....... Conversion of periodic amounts into payment rates in respect of payment periods  51

29.......... Conversion of amounts payable under registrable maintenance liability into daily rates etc.     52

30.......... Effect of registration.......................................................................... 52

30AA.... Rule to avoid dual liabilities.............................................................. 52

30A....... Enforcement of Australian liabilities overseas................................... 53

31.......... Effect of registration on existing garnishment and attachment of earnings orders    54

32.......... Payer and payee to be given copy of entry in Child Support Register on application               54

Division 3—Variations to entries in Child Support Register                55

33.......... Payee to notify Registrar of court order varying registered maintenance liability etc.               55

34.......... Payee to notify Registrar of happening of affecting event................. 55

35.......... Payer may apply to Registrar for variation of Child Support Register 56

36.......... Registrar to vary Child Support Register on receipt of notification or application    57

37.......... Registrar may vary Child Support Register to give effect to court order etc.            57

37A....... Registrar to vary Child Support Register on amendment of child support assessment             58

37B....... Registered maintenance liability not to be enforced if payer is a low‑income recipient of a social security pension or a social security benefit........................................................................ 58

38.......... Variation of Register to have enforceable maintenance liability no longer enforced under Act 61

38A....... Election by payee or by payee and payer jointly................................ 61

38B....... Decision by Registrar based on payment record and other factors.... 62

38C....... Election not to enforce—registered maintenance liability.................. 63

39.......... Application for variation to enable liability to again become enforceable under Act 63

39A....... Reversal of section 38A election or 38B decision—collection of arrears 64

39B....... Amounts not enforceable under this Act during periods when the payee is not the main provider of ongoing daily care for a child.......................................................................................... 67

40.......... Entry wrongly existing in Child Support Register............................ 69

41.......... Obsolete entries in Child Support Register....................................... 69

42.......... Correction of clerical errors and other mistakes in Child Support Register              69

42A....... Registrar may vary Child Support Register to change period entered under paragraph 26(2)(b) to reflect pay cycle.......................................................................................................... 70

42B....... Registrar may vary Child Support Register if payer’s pay cycle changes 70

Division 4—Notices in respect of registration decisions                          72

42C....... Notices must be given to payers and payees in relation to registration decisions      72

42D....... Content of notices in relation to registration decisions for registrable overseas maintenance liabilities     73

Part IV—Collection by deduction from salary or wages                             75

Division 1—Employer withholding                                                                      75

43.......... General rule of collection by automatic withholding in case of employees               75

44.......... Cases in which employer withholding not applicable........................ 75

45.......... Notification to be given to employer and employee........................... 78

46.......... Duty of employer to make deductions from salary or wages............ 79

47.......... Additional duties of employers......................................................... 81

48.......... Two or more employers in relation to one employee......................... 82

49.......... Discharge of payer’s liability to Registrar and employer’s liability to payer             83

50.......... Payment by trustees of deducted amounts......................................... 83

Division 2—Penalties                                                                                                  85

51.......... Penalty for late remittance of deductions........................................... 85

52.......... Penalty for failure etc. to make deductions from salary or wages...... 85

53.......... Penalty in relation to certain unexplained remittances by employers. 86

54.......... Remission of certain penalty amounts............................................... 86

55.......... Reduction of late payment penalty where judgment debt carries interest  87

56.......... Penalty to be alternative to prosecution for certain offences against Part  88

Division 3—Provisions applicable to employers                                          90

57.......... Employers not to prejudice employees because of registrable maintenance liabilities etc.         90

58.......... Employers not to disclose information etc......................................... 91

59.......... Records to be kept and preserved by employers............................... 91

60.......... Incorrectly keeping records etc.......................................................... 92

61.......... Access to premises etc...................................................................... 92

62.......... Public officer of company................................................................. 93

63.......... Public officer of trust estate............................................................... 94

Division 4—Miscellaneous                                                                                       96

64.......... Amounts payable under Part debts due to Commonwealth............... 96

65.......... Application of amounts paid or credited where 2 or more debts due. 96

Division 5—Application of this Part to those engaged under a contract for services   97

65AA.... Application of this Part to those engaged under a contract for services 97

Part IVA—Election available to payers who make voluntary payments of maintenance liabilities        98

65A....... Election under this Part..................................................................... 98

65B....... Registrar to act on election................................................................ 98

Part V—Payment and recovery of child support debts                             100

66.......... When child support debts become payable...................................... 100

67.......... Penalty for late payment of child support debts............................... 100

67A....... Due date of certain debts for the purposes of calculating penalty.... 101

68.......... Remission of late payment penalty.................................................. 102

69.......... Reduction of late payment penalty where judgment debt carries interest  103

69A....... Crediting of lump sum payments.................................................... 103

70.......... Apportionment of payment between payees.................................... 105

71.......... Direct payments to payee................................................................ 106

71AA.... Registrar may offset child support debts between payer and payee. 106

71A....... Payments to third persons by payer................................................ 108

71B....... Payments not in money................................................................... 109

71C....... Other payments of up to 30% of child support liability................... 109

71D....... Registrar may refuse to credit amounts in special circumstances..... 111

71E........ Notices must be given to payers and payees in relation to registration decisions      111

72.......... Application of certain amounts to debts under this Act................... 112

72A....... Registrar may collect child support related debts from a third person 113

72AA.... Deductions from social security pensions and benefits................... 115

72AB.... Deductions from family tax benefit................................................. 116

72AC.... Deductions from veterans’ pensions and allowances...................... 118

72B....... Person receiving or controlling money of a debtor who is outside Australia            119

72C....... Transaction to defeat maintenance liability...................................... 121

Part VA—Departure prohibition orders                                                             123

Division 1—Registrar may make departure prohibition orders       123

72D....... Registrar may make departure prohibition orders............................ 123

72E........ Meaning of child support liability................................................... 124

Division 2—Offence provision                                                                             125

72F........ Departure from Australia of certain child support debtors prohibited 125

Division 3—Administrative requirements                                                     126

72G....... Notification requirements for departure prohibition orders............. 126

72H....... Operation of departure prohibition order......................................... 126

72I......... Revocation and variation of departure prohibition orders................ 127

72J........ Notification of decisions about revocation and variation................. 127

Division 4—Departure authorisation certificates                                     129

72K....... Application for departure authorisation certificate........................... 129

72L........ When Registrar must issue departure authorisation certificate......... 129

72M...... Security for person’s return to Australia......................................... 130

72N....... What departure authorisation certificate must authorise................... 130

72O....... Notification requirements for departure authorisation certificates.... 130

72P........ Notification requirements for substituted days................................ 131

Division 5—Appeals and review in relation to departure prohibition orders and departure authorisation certificates                                                                                            132

72Q....... Appeals to courts against making of departure prohibition orders.. 132

72R....... Jurisdiction of courts....................................................................... 132

72S........ Orders of court on appeal................................................................ 132

72T........ Applications for review of certain decisions................................... 132

Division 6—Enforcement                                                                                        133

72U....... Powers of authorised officers......................................................... 133

72V....... Privilege against self‑incrimination................................................. 134

72W...... Certain people must produce authority to depart............................. 134

Division 7—Definitions etc.                                                                                   135

72X....... Definitions...................................................................................... 135

72Y....... Interpretation—departure from Australia for foreign country......... 135

Part VI—Payments to payees                                                                                     136

Division 1—Child Support Account                                                                  136

73.......... Child Support Account................................................................... 136

74.......... Credit of amounts to Account......................................................... 136

75.......... Purposes of the Account................................................................. 137

Division 2—Payments to payees                                                                         138

76.......... Entitlement of payees to be paid collected amounts......................... 138

77.......... Unremitted deductions made by employers..................................... 139

78.......... Unexplained remittances from employers....................................... 139

79.......... Overpayments of payees................................................................. 140

Division 3—Suspension determinations                                                          141

79A....... Suspension determinations—pending declarations that person should not be assessed in respect of the costs of the child........................................................................................................ 141

79B....... Suspension determinations—pending SSAT and court reviews..... 142

79C....... Varying particulars after suspension or resumption determination is made              144

Part VII—Internal objection procedures for certain decisions             145

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                          145

79D....... Simplified outline............................................................................ 145

79E........ Object of this Part........................................................................... 145

Division 2—Decisions against which objections may be lodged        146

80.......... Decisions against which objections may be lodged......................... 146

Division 3—Time limits on lodging objections                                            149

81.......... Time limits on lodging objections................................................... 149

82.......... Applications for extensions of time................................................. 149

83.......... Consideration of applications for extensions of time for lodging objections            149

Division 4—Requirements relating to objections                                      151

84.......... Grounds of objections..................................................................... 151

85.......... Registrar to serve copies of objections and accompanying documents on other parties            151

86.......... Other party may oppose or support objection................................. 152

Division 5—Consideration of objections                                                        153

87.......... Consideration of objections by Registrar........................................ 153

Part VIIA—SSAT review of certain decisions                                                 154

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                          154

87A....... Simplified outline............................................................................ 154

88.......... SSAT objective............................................................................... 154

Division 2—Applications for review                                                                 155

Subdivision A—Applications for review                                                          155

89.......... Applications for review................................................................... 155

Subdivision B—Time limit on applications for review                                156

90.......... Time limit on applications for review.............................................. 156

91.......... Application for extension of time.................................................... 156

92.......... Consideration of applications for extension of time for applying for review            156

93.......... Procedures on receiving applications for review not required until review of extension application completed       157

Subdivision C—Application procedures                                                          158

94.......... Application procedures................................................................... 158

95.......... Procedures on receiving applications for review............................. 159

96.......... Parties to be given statements about decisions under review........... 160

97.......... When document is not required to be sent....................................... 161

98.......... Directions prohibiting or restricting disclosure of documents......... 162

Subdivision D—Effect of variations of original decisions on applications 162

99.......... Variations of decisions before reviews completed.......................... 162

Subdivision E—Dismissal of applications                                                       163

99A....... Subdivision does not apply in relation to Registrar......................... 163

100........ Dismissal of an application............................................................. 163

100A..... Dismissal of an application on request of party............................... 164

Division 3—Parties to reviews                                                                             165

101........ Parties to reviews............................................................................ 165

102........ Notice of application to persons affected by decision...................... 166

Division 3A—Prehearing conferences                                                             167

103........ Pre‑hearing conferences.................................................................. 167

Division 4—Hearings                                                                                                168

Subdivision A—Arrangements for hearings                                                   168

103A..... Arrangements for hearings.............................................................. 168

Subdivision B—Submissions from parties other than the Registrar         168

103B..... Subdivision does not apply in relation to Registrar......................... 168

103C..... Submissions.................................................................................... 168

103D..... Written submissions only................................................................ 169

103E...... Hearings without oral submissions from a party............................. 170

Subdivision C—Submissions from the Registrar                                           171

103F...... Submissions from the Registrar...................................................... 171

Subdivision D—Other evidence provisions                                                     172

103G..... Evidence on oath or affirmation...................................................... 172

103H..... Children of parties not to give evidence.......................................... 172

103J...... Provision of further information by Registrar................................. 172

103K..... Power to obtain information............................................................ 172

103L...... SSAT may require Registrar to obtain information......................... 173

Subdivision E—Hearing procedure                                                                  174

103M.... Chair for hearings........................................................................... 174

103N..... Hearing procedure........................................................................... 174

103P...... Hearing in private............................................................................ 174

103Q..... Restrictions on disclosure of information obtained at hearing......... 175

103R..... Adjournment of hearings................................................................ 175

Division 5—Decisions on review                                                                         176

Subdivision A—SSAT review powers                                                                176

103S...... SSAT must affirm, vary or set aside decisions............................... 176

103T...... Powers of the SSAT for purposes of reviews................................ 176

103U..... Decision of questions before SSAT................................................ 176

103V..... Date of effect of SSAT decisions.................................................... 177

103VA.. Appeal to AAT on decisions relating to percentages of care........... 177

Subdivision B—Consent orders                                                                          177

103W.... Powers of SSAT if parties reach agreement.................................... 177

Subdivision C—Notification and publication of decisions                          178

103X..... Procedure following SSAT decision............................................... 178

103Y..... Correction of errors in decisions or statements of reasons.............. 180

Subdivision D—Costs                                                                                            180

103Z...... Costs of review............................................................................... 180

Division 6—Other provisions                                                                               182

103ZA... Directions as to procedure for reviews............................................ 182

Part VIII—Court review of certain decisions                                                   184

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                          184

103ZB... Simplified outline............................................................................ 184

Division 2—Jurisdiction of courts                                                                     185

103ZC... Simplified outline............................................................................ 185

104........ Jurisdiction of courts under Act...................................................... 185

105........ Application of Family Law Act....................................................... 186

106........ Appellate jurisdiction of Family Court under Act........................... 187

107........ Appeals to Family Court from courts other than the Federal Magistrates Court and the Magistrates Court of Western Australia.......................................................................................... 187

107A..... Appeals to Family Court from the Federal Magistrates Court and the Magistrates Court of Western Australia       189

108........ Cases stated..................................................................................... 191

109........ Appeals to High Court.................................................................... 193

110........ Appeals from courts of summary jurisdiction................................. 193

Division 3—Appeals and references of questions of law from SSAT to courts 195

Subdivision A—Preliminary                                                                               195

110A..... Simplified outline............................................................................ 195

Subdivision B—Appeals from decisions of SSAT                                          195

110B..... Appeals from decisions of SSAT................................................... 195

110C..... Time limits for instituting appeals................................................... 195

110D..... Parties to appeals............................................................................. 196

110E...... Constitution of courts...................................................................... 196

110F...... Powers of courts............................................................................. 196

110G..... Courts may make findings of fact................................................... 197

Subdivision C—References of questions of law from SSAT                       198

110H..... Reference of questions of law to courts.......................................... 198

110J...... Constitution of courts...................................................................... 198

Subdivision D—Other provisions                                                                       199

110K..... Sending of documents to, and disclosure of documents by, the court 199

Part VIIIA—Other provisions relating to reviews of decisions             200

Division 1A—Preliminary                                                                                      200

110N..... Simplified outline............................................................................ 200

Division 1—Effect of pending reconsiderations on assessments, registrations etc.         201

Subdivision A—Preliminary                                                                               201

110P...... Scope of Division........................................................................... 201

110Q..... Meaning of reconsideration............................................................ 201

Subdivision B—Effect of pending reconsiderations                                     201

110R..... Pending reconsiderations do not affect operation of decisions........ 201

110S...... Pending reconsiderations not to affect registrations etc................... 201

110T...... Pending reconsiderations do not affect assessments....................... 202

110U..... Pending reconsiderations do not affect decisions under section 64A of the Assessment Act   202

Division 2—Implementation of decisions                                                       203

110V..... Registrar must implement decisions................................................ 203

Division 3—Determining when decisions become final                           204

110W.... Determining when decisions become final...................................... 204

Division 4—Restrictions on publication of review proceedings         206

110X..... Restrictions on publication of review proceedings.......................... 206

Part VIIIB—Other provisions relating to courts                                            210

111A..... Simplified outline............................................................................ 210

111B..... General powers of court.................................................................. 210

111C..... Stay orders...................................................................................... 212

111CA.. Frivolous or vexatious proceedings................................................ 212

111D..... Copies of orders to be forwarded to Registrar................................ 213

111E...... Registrar may intervene in proceedings........................................... 213

111F...... Court order for payment in proceedings instituted by payee to recover debt            213

111G..... Costs in proceedings instituted by payee to recover debt................ 214

111H..... Cessation of orders under Act......................................................... 214

Part IX—Miscellaneous                                                                                                  215

111........ Duties of payers and payees............................................................ 215

112........ Copies of maintenance orders and agreements to be forwarded to Registrar            216

113........ Recovery of debts etc...................................................................... 216

113A..... Recovery of debts by payees........................................................... 217

114........ Application of payments................................................................. 218

115........ Substituted service.......................................................................... 218

116........ Evidence.......................................................................................... 218

117........ Appearance by Registrar etc............................................................ 219

118........ Judicial notice of signature.............................................................. 220

119........ False or misleading statements........................................................ 220

120........ Obtaining of information and evidence........................................... 221

121........ Order to comply with requirement.................................................. 222

121A..... Obtaining of information and evidence in relation to residents of reciprocating jurisdictions   222

121B..... Giving information to overseas authorities...................................... 223

121C..... Regulations may prescribe manner of giving notices or other communications        223

122........ Right of contribution....................................................................... 223

124........ Application of Act to overseas orders and agreements.................... 224

124A..... Regulations in relation to overseas‑related maintenance obligations etc... 224

125........ Regulations..................................................................................... 224

Notes                                                                                                                                           225


An Act to make provision for the collection of certain periodic maintenance payments, and for other purposes

Part IPreliminary

  

1  Short title [see Note 1]

                   This Act may be cited as the Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988.

2  Commencement [see Note 1]

                   This Act shall come into operation on a day to be fixed by Proclamation.

3  Objects of Act

             (1)  The principal objects of this Act are to ensure:

                     (a)  that children receive from their parents the financial support that the parents are liable to provide; and

                     (b)  that periodic amounts payable by parents towards the maintenance of their children are paid on a regular and timely basis; and

                     (c)  that Australia is in a position to give effect to its obligations under international agreements or arrangements relating to maintenance obligations arising from family relationship, parentage or marriage.

             (2)  It is the intention of the Parliament that this Act shall be construed and administered, to the greatest extent consistent with the attainment of its objects, to limit interferences with the privacy of persons.

3A  Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code (except Part 2.5) applies to all offences against this Act.

4  Interpretation

             (1)  In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:

AAT means the Administrative Appeals Tribunal.

Account means the Child Support Account continued in existence by section 73.

administrative assessment has the same meaning as in the Assessment Act.

affecting event, in relation to an enforceable maintenance liability, means any event the happening of which operates, under the terms and conditions of the relevant court order or maintenance agreement or otherwise by force of law, to vary or otherwise affect the liability or any of the particulars included in the entry in the Child Support Register in relation to the liability, and includes a terminating event in relation to the liability, but does not include:

                     (a)  the making by, or registration in, a court of an order; or

                     (b)  the registration in, or approval by, a court of a maintenance agreement.

agency reimbursement liability means a liability in circumstances where:

                     (a)  a parent or step‑parent of a child is liable to pay a periodic amount for the maintenance of the child; and

                     (b)  an amount has been paid by an overseas authority for the maintenance of the child to the person who has the care of the child; and

                     (c)  the overseas authority seeks reimbursement of the amount mentioned in paragraph (b) from the parent or step‑parent.

appealable collection refusal decision means a decision resulting in the failure of the Registrar to collect an amount payable under an enforceable maintenance liability, being an amount that has become due and payable and remained unpaid for at least 6 months, if:

                     (a)  proceedings have not been instituted in a court for recovery of the amount; or

                     (b)  proceedings have been instituted in a court for recovery of the amount and at least 3 months have elapsed since the proceedings were instituted.

appealable refusal decision means:

                     (a)  a decision under section 22 or subsection 24(1), 24A(1), or 25(2) refusing to register a registrable maintenance liability; or

                (aaaa)  a decision under section 25A refusing to enter the particulars of a liability; or

                  (aaa)  a decision under subsection 26B(3) or section 65B refusing to register an elected period; or

                    (aa)  a decision under paragraph 28A(5)(d) or (e); or

                     (b)  a decision under section 36, 37A, 37B, 38A, 39, 39B or 44 refusing to vary particulars entered in the Child Support Register; or

                   (ba)  a decision under subsection 37B(4) determining, or refusing to determine, a day; or

                   (bb)  a decision under paragraph 39A(6)(b) or (c); or

                     (c)  a decision under section 71, 71A or 71C refusing to credit an amount against the amount payable under a liability to the Commonwealth; or

                    (ca)  a decision under subsection 72AB(3).

applicable Rules of Court has the same meaning as in the Family Law Act 1975.

Assessment Act means the Child Support (Assessment) Act 1989.

Australia includes the external Territories.

CEO means the Chief Executive Officer of the Services Delivery Agency.

child of a marriage has the same meaning as in the Family Law Act 1975.

child support means financial support under the Assessment Act, including financial support by way of lump sum payment or by way of transfer or settlement of property.

child support agreement has the same meaning as in the Assessment Act.

child support assessment means an assessment (other than a notional assessment) made under the Assessment Act.

child support debt means an amount that is a debt due to the Commonwealth under section 30.

child support enforcement period, in relation to a registered maintenance liability, means:

                     (a)  the period commencing on the day on which the liability first becomes enforceable under this Act and ending on the day on which the liability first ceases to be so enforceable; and

                     (b)  if the liability ceases to be enforceable under this Act and again becomes so enforceable (whether on one occasion or more than one occasion)—each period commencing on a day on which the liability again becomes so enforceable and ending on the day on which the liability next ceases to be so enforceable.

Child Support Register means the Child Support Register established by this Act.

closing day, in relation to a month, means the day 9 days, or such lesser number of days as is prescribed for the purposes of this definition, before the first Wednesday in the following month.

collection agency maintenance liability, in relation to a State or Territory, means a liability:

                     (a)  that is a liability of:

                              (i)  a parent of a child to pay a periodic amount for the maintenance of the child; or

                             (ii)  a step‑parent of a child to pay a periodic amount for the maintenance of the child; or

                            (iii)  a party to a marriage to pay a periodic amount for the maintenance of the other party to the marriage; or

                            (iv)  a party to a de facto relationship to pay a periodic amount for the maintenance of the other party to the de facto relationship;

                            whether or not the liability arises under a court order or court registered maintenance agreement; and

                     (b)  in relation to which collection or recovery action is being conducted by or under the control or supervision of, or that has been lodged for collection or recovery action by, an authority, or the person holding an office, established under the law of the State or Territory.

Commissioner means the Commissioner of Taxation.

company includes any body or association, corporate or unincorporate, but does not include a partnership.

court exercising jurisdiction under this Act does not include a court exercising jurisdiction in a proceeding under subparagraph 113(c)(i).

court having jurisdiction under this Act does not include a court that has jurisdiction under this Act only in relation to the recovery of amounts of child support.

court order means an order:

                     (a)  that was made by, or registered in, a court under this Act, the Assessment Act, the Family Law Act 1975, the Matrimonial Causes Act 1959 or the law of a State or Territory; and

                     (b)  that has not been set aside or discharged and has not expired or otherwise ceased to be in force.

court registered maintenance agreement means a maintenance agreement:

                     (a)  that has been:

                              (i)  registered in, or approved by, a court under the Family Law Act 1975;

                             (ii)  sanctioned by a court under paragraph 87(1)(k) of the Matrimonial Causes Act 1959; or

                            (iii)  registered in, or approved by, a court under the law of a State or Territory;

                     (b)  that has not been set aside, and has not expired or otherwise ceased to be in force; and

                     (c)  the registration, approval or sanction of which has not been revoked or cancelled, and that has not otherwise ceased to be in force.

decree has the same meaning as in the Family Law Act 1975.

Deputy Commissioner means a Deputy Commissioner of Taxation.

employee:

                     (a)  in relation to the Services Delivery Agency—has the same meaning as in the Commonwealth Services Delivery Agency Act 1997; or

                     (b)  in any other case—means a person who receives, or is entitled to receive, work and income support related withholding payments.

employer means a person who makes, or is liable to make, work and income support related withholding payments.

enforceable maintenance liability means a registered maintenance liability that is enforceable under this Act.

Family Court means the Family Court of Australia.

Family Court of a State means a court to which section 41 of the Family Law Act 1975 applies.

Family Law Act 1975 includes regulations under that Act.

Family Law Magistrate of Western Australia has the same meaning as in the Family Law Act 1975.

final:

                     (a)  in relation to a decision of the SSAT—has the meaning given by subsection 110W(1); and

                     (b)  in relation to a decision of a court—has the meaning given by subsections 110W(2) and (3); and

                     (c)  in relation to a decision of the Registrar—has the meaning given by subsection 110W(4).

Full Court has the same meaning as in the Family Law Act 1975.

government body means the Commonwealth, a State, a Territory or an authority of the Commonwealth or a State or Territory.

income tested pension, allowance or benefit has the same meaning as in the Family Law Act 1975.

initial period, in relation to a registrable maintenance liability or a registered maintenance liability, means the period entered in the Child Support Register under paragraph 26(2)(a).

international maintenance arrangement means:

                     (a)  an international treaty; or

                     (b)  a non‑treaty arrangement between Australia and a reciprocating jurisdiction that relates to maintenance obligations arising from family relationship, parentage or marriage.

international treaty means a treaty that relates to maintenance obligations arising from family relationship, parentage or marriage and whose parties are:

                     (a)  Australia and a foreign country; or

                     (b)  Australia and 2 or more foreign countries.

Judge means a Judge of the Family Court (including the Chief Judge or a Senior Judge).

maintenance includes child support.

maintenance agreement means an agreement in writing (whether made within or outside Australia) that makes provision in relation to the maintenance of a child, a party to a marriage or a party to a de facto relationship (whether or not it also makes provision in relation to other matters), and includes such an agreement that varies an earlier maintenance agreement, and also includes a financial agreement, or Part VIIIAB financial agreement, within the meaning of the Family Law Act 1975.

Note:          A parenting plan under the Family Law Act 1975 which deals with the maintenance of a child will come within this definition (see in particular section 63C of that Act).

Matrimonial Causes Act 1959 includes the rules made under that Act.

modifications includes additions, omissions and substitutions.

month means one of the 12 months of the year.

non‑parent carer has the meaning given by section 5 of the Assessment Act.

order includes:

                     (a)  an interim order; and

                     (b)  an order (including an interim order) made under the law of a foreign country.

overseas authority means a judicial or administrative authority of a reciprocating jurisdiction that is responsible for giving effect to an international maintenance arrangement.

overseas maintenance liability means a liability that arises under:

                     (a)  a maintenance order made by a judicial authority of a reciprocating jurisdiction; or

                     (b)  a maintenance agreement registered by a judicial or administrative authority of a reciprocating jurisdiction; or

                     (c)  a maintenance assessment issued by an administrative authority of a reciprocating jurisdiction.

party to a de facto relationship has the same meaning as in the Family Law Act 1975.

party to a marriage has the same meaning as in Part VIII of the Family Law Act 1975.

payee:

                     (a)  means:

                              (i)  in relation to a registrable maintenance liability or an overseas maintenance liability—the person who is entitled, or would, but for the registration of the liability under this Act, be entitled, to receive payments under the liability; and

                             (ii)  in relation to an agency reimbursement liability—the overseas authority seeking reimbursement under that liability; and

                     (b)  for the purposes of section 42C and Parts VII and VIIA, in relation to a registrable overseas maintenance liability, also includes an overseas authority.

payer, in relation to a registrable maintenance liability, means the person who is liable to make payments under the liability.

payment period, except in section 76, means one of the following periods:

                     (a)  a week;

                     (b)  a fortnight;

                     (c)  a 4 week period;

                     (d)  a month;

                     (e)  a calendar month.

periodic amount means a weekly, monthly, yearly or other periodic amount.

person includes a company.

protected earnings rate means a weekly rate prescribed for the purposes of this definition.

reciprocating jurisdiction means:

                     (a)  a foreign country; or

                     (b)  a part of a foreign country;

that is prescribed by the regulations to be a reciprocating jurisdiction.

reconsideration of a decision has the meaning given by section 110Q.

registered maintenance liability means a registrable maintenance liability that is registered under this Act.

registrable maintenance liability means a liability that is, under section 17, 17A, 18 or 18A, a registrable maintenance liability.

registrable overseas maintenance liability means a registrable maintenance liability mentioned in section 18A.

Registrar means the Child Support Registrar.

regular care has the meaning given by subsection 5(2) of the Assessment Act.

related Federal Magistrates Rules has the same meaning as in the Family Law Act 1975.

relative has a meaning affected by subsection (5).

remaining lump sum payment has the meaning given by subsection 69A(4).

resident of a reciprocating jurisdiction means a person who is habitually resident in the reciprocating jurisdiction.

resident of Australia:

                     (a)  means a person who is a resident of Australia for the purposes of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 otherwise than because of subsection 7A(2) of that Act; and

                     (b)  does not include a resident of a reciprocating jurisdiction.

resumption determination means a determination made by the Registrar under subsection 79A(3) or 79B(3).

salary or wages means:

                     (a)  work and income support related withholding payments other than:

                              (i)  payments of an income tested pension, allowance or benefit; or

                             (ii)  payments prescribed, or included in a class of payments prescribed, for the purposes of this paragraph; and

                     (b)  payments prescribed, or included in a class of payments prescribed, for the purposes of this paragraph.

Second Commissioner means a Second Commissioner of Taxation.

Secretary means the Secretary to the Department.

service arrangements has the same meaning as in the Commonwealth Services Delivery Agency Act 1997.

Services Delivery Agency means the Commonwealth Services Delivery Agency established by the Commonwealth Services Delivery Agency Act 1997.

SSAT means the Social Security Appeals Tribunal.

SSAT Executive Director means the Executive Director of the SSAT.

standard Rules of Court has the same meaning as in the Family Law Act 1975.

step‑parent has the same meaning as in the Family Law Act 1975.

suspension determination means a determination made by the Registrar under subsection 79A(1) or 79B(1).

terminating event, in relation to an enforceable maintenance liability, means:

                     (a)  the death of the payer unless, under the terms and conditions of the relevant court order or maintenance agreement or otherwise by force of law, the liability is to continue after the death of the payer;

                     (b)  the death of the person to whose maintenance the liability relates;

                     (c)  in a case where the liability relates to the maintenance of a child—the happening of any of the following events:

                              (i)  the child attaining 18 years of age unless:

                                        (A)  under the terms and conditions of the relevant court order or maintenance agreement or otherwise by force of law, the liability is to continue after the child attains that age; or

                                        (B)  section 151D of the Assessment Act applies in relation to the child;

Note:          Section 151D of the Assessment Act modifies the normal rules about terminating events in relation to certain children who turn 18 during a year in which the child is in full‑time secondary education.

                             (ii)  the adoption or marriage of the child unless, under the terms and conditions of the relevant court order or maintenance agreement or otherwise by force of law, the liability is to continue after the adoption or marriage of the child;

                    (ca)  in a case where section 151D of the Assessment Act applies to the child because of an application made under section 151B of that Act—the last day of the secondary school year (within the meaning of that Act) to which the application relates; or

Note:          Section 151B of the Assessment Act provides for a person to apply to continue an administrative assessment or child support agreement under that Act in force after a child’s 18th birthday. If the application is granted, section 151D of that Act modifies the normal rules about terminating events.

                   (cb)  if the liability is of a kind mentioned in section 18A and one only of the payer and payee is a resident of Australia—the payer or payee ceases to be a resident of Australia; or

                    (cc)  if the liability is of a kind mentioned in section 18A and both the payer and the payee are residents of Australia—both cease to be residents of Australia; or

                   (cd)  if the liability is of a kind mentioned in section 18A and either the payer or the payee is a resident of a reciprocating jurisdiction—the payer or the payee (as the case may be) ceases to be a resident of the reciprocating jurisdiction and does not, immediately after so ceasing, become a resident of another reciprocating jurisdiction or of Australia; or

                    (ce)  if the liability is of a kind mentioned in section 18A and either the payer or the payee is a resident of a reciprocating jurisdiction—the reciprocating jurisdiction is declared in regulations made for the purposes of section 30A to be an excepted reciprocating jurisdiction in which enforcement of a liability would be inconsistent with the international maintenance arrangement with the jurisdiction; or

                     (d)  in a case where the liability relates to the maintenance of a party to a marriage—the re‑marriage of the person unless, under the terms and conditions of the relevant court order or maintenance agreement or otherwise by force of law, the liability is to continue after the re‑marriage of the person; or

                  (daa)  in a case where the liability relates to the maintenance of a party to a de facto relationship—the marriage of the person unless, under the terms and conditions of the relevant court order or maintenance agreement or otherwise by force of law, the liability is to continue after the marriage of the person; or

                     (e)  any other event the happening of which operates, under the terms and conditions of the relevant court order or maintenance agreement or otherwise by force of law, to end the liability;

but does not include:

                      (f)  the making by, or registration in, a court of an order; or

                     (g)  the registration in, or approval by, a court of a maintenance agreement.

this Act includes the regulations.

transferred maintenance liability means a collection agency maintenance liability that has, under arrangements made under section 20 or 21, been transferred to the Child Support Register.

trustee includes:

                     (a)  a person appointed or constituted trustee by act of parties, by order or declaration of a court, or by operation of law; or

                     (b)  an executor, administrator or other personal representative of a deceased person; or

                     (c)  a guardian or committee; or

                     (d)  a receiver or receiver and manager; or

                     (e)  a liquidator of a company; or

                    (ea)  an administrator, within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001, of a company; or

                   (eb)  an administrator of a deed of company arrangement executed by a company under Part 5.3A of that Act; or

                      (f)  a person:

                              (i)  having or taking on himself or herself the administration or control of any real or personal property affected by any express or implied trust;

                             (ii)  acting in any fiduciary capacity; or

                            (iii)  having the possession, control or management of any real or personal property of a person under any legal or other disability.

vary, in relation to the particulars entered in the Child Support Register in relation to a registered maintenance liability, includes the addition of a particular, and the omission of a particular and the substitution of another particular.

weekly deduction rate, in relation to an enforceable maintenance liability, means the weekly rate of payment specified in the particulars of the entry in the Child Support Register in relation to the liability.

work and income support related withholding payments means:

                     (a)  payments from which an amount must be withheld under a provision of Subdivision 12‑B (other than section 12‑55), 12‑C or 12‑D or Division 13 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 (even if the amount is not withheld); or

                     (b)  payments from which an amount would be required to be withheld under a provision mentioned in paragraph (a) (other than section 12‑55) apart from subsection 12‑1(1A) in Schedule 1 to that Act.

Note:          The payments covered are: payments to employees and company directors, payments to office holders, return to work payments, payments under labour hire arrangements, payments of annuities, payments of superannuation benefits, employment termination payments, payments for unused leave, benefit payments, compensation payments, payments specified by regulations and alienated personal services payments.

year of income, in relation to a person, means:

                     (a)  a year of income (within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936); or

                     (b)  an income year (within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997).

             (3)  A reference in this Act to the payer or payee of a registrable maintenance liability is, in relation to an entry in the Child Support Register that does not relate to a registrable maintenance liability, a reference to the person named in the entry as payer or payee, as the case requires.

             (4)  Where:

                     (a)  the Registrar is required, under section 22, subsection 24(1), 24A(1) or 25(2), or section 36, 37A, 37B, 38A, 39, 39B or 44, to do an act within a specified period; and

                     (b)  the Registrar does not either do that act or refuse to do that act;

the Registrar shall, for the purposes of that definition, be deemed:

                     (c)  in a case where the Registrar within that period, by notice in writing served on a person, requires the person to provide information necessary to the Registrar to make a decision to do or refuse to do that act—at the end of the period of 28 days after the receipt by the Registrar of the information; or

                     (d)  in any other case—at the end of that period;

to have refused to do that act.

             (5)  For the purposes of this Act, the relatives of a person are taken to include the following (without limitation):

                     (a)  a partner (within the meaning of the Assessment Act) of the person;

                     (b)  someone who is the parent of the person, or someone of whom the person is a parent, because of the definition of parent in the Assessment Act;

                     (c)  anyone else who would be a relative of the person if someone mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) is taken to be a relative of the person.

5  Extension and application of Act in relation to maintenance of exnuptial children

Extension of Act to States (except Western Australia)

             (1)  Subject to subsections (4) and (5), this Act in so far as it relates to the maintenance of exnuptial children extends to New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia and Tasmania.

Extension of Act to Western Australia

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the Parliament of Western Australia refers to the Parliament of the Commonwealth the matter of the maintenance of exnuptial children or matters that include that matter; or

                     (b)  Western Australia adopts this Act in so far as it relates to the maintenance of exnuptial children;

then, subject to subsections (4), (5), (5A) and (5B), this Act in so far as it relates to the maintenance of exnuptial children also extends to Western Australia.

Application of Act to Territories

             (3)  This Act in so far as it relates to the maintenance of exnuptial children applies in and in relation to the Territories.

Limitations on extension of Act to States

             (4)  This Act extends to a State by virtue of subsection (1) or (2) only for so long as there is in force:

                     (a)  an Act of the Parliament of the State by which there is referred to the Parliament of the Commonwealth:

                              (i)  the matter of the maintenance of exnuptial children; or

                             (ii)  matters that include that matter; or

                     (b)  a law of the State adopting this Act in so far as it applies in relation to the maintenance of exnuptial children.

Note:          See subsections (5A) and (5B) for the extension of this Act to Western Australia if the Act is amended in relation to the maintenance of exnuptial children.

             (5)  This Act extends to a State at any time by virtue of subsection (1) or paragraph (2)(a) only in so far as it makes provision with respect to:

                     (a)  the matters that are at that time referred to the Parliament of the Commonwealth by the Parliament of the State; or

                     (b)  matters incidental to the execution of any power vested by the Constitution of the Parliament of the Commonwealth in relation to those matters.

          (5A)  The Parliament of the Commonwealth intends that this Act, so far as it is amended by one or more other Acts in relation to the maintenance of exnuptial children, not extend to Western Australia, unless and until one of the following events occurs:

                     (a)  the Parliament of Western Australia refers to the Parliament of the Commonwealth the matter of the maintenance of exnuptial children or matters that include that matter;

                     (b)  Western Australia adopts this Act, as so amended.

          (5B)  The Parliament of the Commonwealth also intends that, unless and until one of those events occurs, this Act continue to extend to Western Australia in relation to the maintenance of exnuptial children as if those amendments had not been made.

Note:          If this Act is amended by one or more other Acts in relation to the maintenance of exnuptial children, unless and until one of the events mentioned in subsection (5A) occurs, there are effectively 2 versions of this Act that apply in Australia. This Act, as amended, applies:

(a)           in all States and Territories in relation to children of marriages; and

(b)           in all States and Territories, except Western Australia, in relation to exnuptial children.

                   This Act continues to apply in Western Australia in relation to exnuptial children as if those amendments had not been made.

             (6)  Nothing in this section affects the operation of the provisions of this Act to the extent that they give effect to an international maintenance arrangement.

6  Additional application of Act in relation to maintenance of children of marriages

             (1)  Without prejudice to its effect apart from this section, this Act in so far as it relates to the maintenance of children also has effect as provided by this section.

             (2)  By virtue of this subsection, the provisions of this Act (other than subparagraph (a)(ii) of the definition of collection agency maintenance liability in subsection 4(1) or subparagraph 17(a)(ii)) in so far as they relate to the maintenance of children have the effect that they would have if:

                     (a)  each reference to a child were, by express provision, confined to a child of a marriage; and

                     (b)  each reference to the parents of the child were, by express provision, confined to the parties to the marriage;

and have that effect only in so far as they make provision with respect to the rights and duties of the parties to the marriage in relation to the child, including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, provision with respect to the rights and duties of those parties in relation to the maintenance of the child.

             (3)  Nothing in this section affects the operation of the provisions of this Act to the extent that they give effect to an international maintenance arrangement.

7  Corresponding State laws

             (1)  Where the Minister is satisfied that a law of a State relating to the collection of periodic amounts payable for the maintenance of children makes adequate and appropriate provision for the collection of those amounts on a regular and timely basis, the Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette, declare the law to be a corresponding State law for the purposes of this section.

             (2)  If at any time the Minister becomes satisfied that the State law no longer makes adequate and appropriate provision for the collection of periodic amounts payable for the maintenance of children on a regular and timely basis, the Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette, revoke the declaration of the law as a corresponding State law for the purposes of this section.

             (3)  It is the intention of the Parliament that the Registrar, the Secretary, the SSAT and the AAT should have and be subject to the powers, functions, rights, liabilities and duties conferred or imposed on the Registrar, the Secretary, the SSAT or the AAT, as the case may be, by a corresponding State law that are additional to those conferred or imposed by this Act.

8  Act to bind Crown

             (1)  This Act binds the Crown in right of the Commonwealth and of each of the States, the Northern Territory and Norfolk Island.

             (2)  Nothing in this Act renders the Crown in right of the Commonwealth or of a State, the Northern Territory or Norfolk Island liable to be prosecuted for an offence.

9  External Territories

             (1)  This Act extends to each of the external Territories.

             (2)  This Act applies in relation to an external Territory to which the Family Law Act 1975 does not extend with such modifications as are prescribed.


 

Part IIAdministration

  

10  Child Support Registrar

             (1)  There shall be a Child Support Registrar.

             (2)  The Child Support Registrar is:

                     (a)  the person who holds, or is acting in, the position known as the General Manager of the Child Support Agency; or

                     (b)  if there is no such position—an SES employee, or acting SES employee, who holds, or is acting in, a position specified by the Secretary by written instrument for the purposes of this paragraph.

11  Secretary to have general administration of Act

                   The Secretary has the general administration of this Act.

13  Child Support Register

             (1)  The Registrar shall keep a register, to be known as the Child Support Register.

             (2)  The Child Support Register shall be kept in such form (whether or not in a documentary form) as the Registrar considers appropriate.

14  Annual report

             (1)  The Secretary shall, as soon as practicable after 30 June in each year, prepare and furnish to the Minister a report on the working of this Act.

             (2)  The Minister shall cause a copy of the report to be laid before each House of the Parliament within 15 sitting days of that House after the day on which the Minister receives the report.

             (3)  For the purposes of section 34C of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901, a report that is required by subsection (1) to be furnished as soon as practicable after 30 June in a year shall be taken to be a periodic report relating to the working of this Act during the year ending on that 30 June.

15  Delegation

             (1)  The Registrar may, in writing, delegate all or any of the Registrar’s powers or functions under this Act to an officer or employee of the Department.

          (1A)  The Registrar may, in accordance with service arrangements, delegate, in writing, all or any of his or her powers or functions under this Act to the CEO or an employee of the Services Delivery Agency.

             (2)  A delegation may be made subject to a power of review and alteration by the Registrar, within a period specified in the instrument of delegation, of acts done under the delegation.

             (3)  A delegation continues in force even though there has been a change in the occupancy of, or there is a vacancy in, the office of Registrar, but, for the purposes of the application of subsection 33(3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 in relation to such a delegation, nothing in any law shall be taken to preclude the revocation or variation of the delegation by the same or a subsequent holder of the office.

16  Secrecy

             (1)  In this section:

court includes any tribunal, authority or person having power to require the production of documents or the answering of questions.

person to whom this section applies means a person who is or has been:

                     (a)  the Minister; or

                     (b)  appointed or employed by, or a provider of services for, the Commonwealth; or

                     (c)  a person to whom protected information has been communicated under subsection (3), (4) or (4G); or

                     (d)  a person to whom protected information is communicated by:

                              (i)  a person to whom the information was communicated under subsection (3) or (4); or

                             (ii)  a person mentioned in this paragraph; or

                     (e)  a person to whom this section applied immediately before the commencement of Schedule 5 to the Child Support Legislation Amendment Act 2001.

produce includes permit access to.

protected document means:

                     (a)  a document that:

                              (i)  contains information that concerns a person; and

                             (ii)  is obtained or made by another person in the course of, or because of, the other person’s duties under or in relation to this Act; or

                     (b)  a document to which paragraph (a) applied that is communicated to a person in circumstances authorised by this section.

protected information means:

                     (a)  information that:

                              (i)  concerns a person; and

                             (ii)  is disclosed to or obtained by another person in the course of, or because of, the other person’s duties under or in relation to this Act; or

                     (b)  information to which paragraph (a) applied that is communicated to a person in circumstances authorised by this section.

relevant Minister means:

                     (a)  a Minister who administers this Act; or

                     (b)  the Prime Minister.

             (2)  Subject to this section, a person to whom this section applies must not:

                     (a)  make a record of any protected information; or

                     (b)  whether directly or indirectly, communicate to a person any protected information concerning another person.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 1 year.

          (2A)  Subsection (2) does not apply if the record is made, or the information is communicated:

                     (a)  under or for the purposes of this Act; or

                     (b)  in the performance of duties, as a person to whom this section applies, under or in relation to this Act; or

                     (c)  for the purpose for which the information was communicated under this section.

       (2AA)  Subsection (2) does not prevent:

                     (a)  the SSAT from communicating the reasons for a decision of the SSAT under Part VIIA to the Secretary or a person authorised by the Secretary; or

                     (b)  the Secretary from communicating the reasons for a decision of the SSAT under Part VIIA to a person authorised by the Secretary.

       (2AB)  Subsection (2) does not prevent the Secretary, or a person authorised by the Secretary, from publishing in written or electronic form the reasons for a decision of the SSAT under Part VIIA if the publication does not identify:

                     (a)  a party to the proceedings concerned (other than the Registrar); or

                     (b)  a person (other than the Registrar) who is related to, or associated with, a party to the proceedings concerned or is, or is alleged to be, in any other way concerned in the matter to which the proceedings concerned relate; or

                     (c)  a witness in the proceedings concerned.

       (2AC)  Without limiting subsection (2AB), a publication of reasons for a decision of the SSAT under Part VIIA is taken to identify a person if it contains any particulars of:

                     (a)  the name, title, pseudonym or alias of the person; or

                     (b)  the address of any premises at which the person resides or works, or the locality in which any such premises are situated; or

                     (c)  the physical description or the style of dress of the person; or

                     (d)  any employment or occupation engaged in, profession practised or calling pursued, by the person or any official or honorary position held by the person; or

                     (e)  the relationship of the person to identified relatives of the person or the association of the person with identified friends or identified business, official or professional acquaintances of the person; or

                      (f)  the recreational interests, or the political, philosophical or religious beliefs or interests, of the person; or

                     (g)  any real or personal property in which the person has an interest or with which the person is otherwise associated;

and the particulars are sufficient to identify that person to a member of the public, or to a member of the section of the public to which the publication is disseminated, as the case requires.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not prevent the Registrar, or a person authorised by the Registrar, from communicating any protected information:

                     (a)  to the Secretary, or an officer or employee of the Department, for the purpose of the administration of this Act; or

                     (b)  to the Secretary to the Department or the Department of Veterans’ Affairs, or an officer or employee of either Department, for the purpose of the administration of any law of the Commonwealth relating to pensions, allowances or benefits; or

                   (ba)  to the CEO or an employee of the Services Delivery Agency, for the purpose of the administration of this Act or of any other law of the Commonwealth relating to pensions, allowances or benefits; or

                   (bb)  to the Chief Executive Officer or an employee of Medicare Australia for the purposes of the performance of functions or the exercise of powers under the Medicare Australia Act 1973; or

                     (c)  to a person performing, as a person to whom this section applies, duties under or in relation to this Act or the Assessment Act, or under regulations made under either Act, for the purpose of enabling the person to perform the duties; or

                    (ca)  to a person performing, as a person to whom this section applies, duties under or in relation to an Act of which the Commissioner has the general administration, or under regulations made under such an Act, for the purpose of enabling the person to perform those duties; or

                     (d)  to the Secretary to the Attorney‑General’s Department, or an officer or employee of that Department, for the purpose of:

                              (i)  the enforcement outside Australia of registrable maintenance liabilities; or

                             (ii)  the enforcement within Australia of maintenance liabilities that arose under the law of a foreign country; or

                     (e)  to any person, if the information concerns a credible threat to the life, health or welfare of a person and either of the following applies:

                              (i)  the Registrar, or the person authorised by the Registrar, believes on reasonable grounds that the communication is necessary to prevent or lessen the threat;

                             (ii)  there is reason to suspect that the threat may afford evidence that an offence may be, or has been, committed against a person and the information is communicated for the purpose of preventing, investigating or prosecuting such an offence; or

                      (f)  to a person who is authorised to obtain the information by the person to whom the information relates.

             (4)  Subsection (2) does not prevent the Registrar, or a person authorised by the Registrar, from communicating any protected information to a person if:

                     (a)  the information cannot reasonably be obtained from a source other than the Department; and

                     (b)  the person to whom the information will be communicated has sufficient interest, within the meaning of subsection (4A), in the information; and

                     (c)  the Registrar, or a person authorised by the Registrar, is satisfied that the communication is for the purpose of subsection (4B), (4C), (4D), (4E) or (4F).

          (4A)  A person has sufficient interest in protected information if:

                     (a)  the Registrar, or the person authorised by the Registrar, is satisfied that, in relation to the purpose of the communication, the person has a genuine and legitimate interest in the information; or

                     (b)  the person is a relevant Minister.

          (4B)  A communication of protected information is for the purpose of this subsection if:

                     (a)  the communication is necessary to correct a mistake of fact in relation to the administration of this Act; and

                     (b)  the integrity of that administration will be at risk if the mistake of fact is not corrected.

          (4C)  A communication of protected information is for the purpose of this subsection if the communication is necessary:

                     (a)  to brief a relevant Minister so that the Minister can consider or respond to complaints or issues raised with the Minister by or on behalf of a person (in writing or orally); or

                     (b)  to brief a relevant Minister for a meeting or forum that the Minister is to attend; or

                     (c)  to brief a relevant Minister in relation to issues raised or proposed to be raised publicly by or on behalf of the person to whom the information relates so that the Minister can respond by correcting a mistake of fact, a misleading perception or impression, a misleading statement or an incorrectly held opinion; or

                     (d)  to brief a relevant Minister about a possible error or delay on the part of the Child Support Agency; or

                     (e)  to brief a relevant Minister about an instance of an anomalous or unusual operation of this Act.

          (4D)  A communication of protected information is for the purpose of this subsection if:

                     (a)  the information is about a missing person; and

                     (b)  the communication is necessary:

                              (i)  to assist a court, coronial enquiry, Royal Commission, department or authority, of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory, in relation to the whereabouts of the missing person; or

                             (ii)  to locate a person (including the missing person); and

                     (c)  there is no reasonable ground to believe that the missing person would not want the information communicated.

          (4E)  A communication of protected information is for the purpose of this subsection if:

                     (a)  the information is about a deceased person; and

                     (b)  the communication:

                              (i)  is necessary to assist a court, coronial enquiry, Royal Commission, department or authority, of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory, in relation to the death of the person; or

                             (ii)  is necessary to help a person locate a relative or beneficiary of the deceased person; or

                            (iii)  is in relation to the administration of the estate of the deceased person; and

                     (c)  there is no reasonable ground to believe that the deceased person would not have wanted the information communicated.

           (4F)  A communication of protected information is for the purpose of this subsection if the information is to establish:

                     (a)  the death of a person; or

                     (b)  the place where the death of a person is registered.

          (4G)  Subsection (2) does not prevent the Registrar, or a person authorised by the Registrar, from communicating any protected information to a person if:

                     (a)  the person to whom the information will be communicated is a payee of a registered maintenance liability who has notified the Registrar, in accordance with section 113A, of the payee’s intention to institute a proceeding in accordance with that section; and

                     (b)  the information is communicated for the purpose of the proceeding.

             (5)  A person to whom this section applies is not required:

                     (a)  to communicate protected information to a court; or

                     (b)  to produce a protected document in court;

except where it is necessary to do so for the purposes of this Act.

          (5A)  Subsections (2) and (5) apply to information communicated under paragraph (3)(d) or (e) as if the purposes referred to in those paragraphs were purposes of this Act.

             (6)  Nothing in an Act of which the Commissioner has the general administration is to be taken to prohibit the Commissioner, a Second Commissioner, a Deputy Commissioner, or a person authorised by the Commissioner, a Second Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner, from communicating any information to a person performing, as a person to whom this section applies, duties under or in relation to this Act for the purpose of enabling the person to perform the duties.

             (7)  Nothing in an Act of which the Commissioner has the general administration is to be taken to prohibit the Commissioner, a Second Commissioner, a Deputy Commissioner, or a person authorised by the Commissioner, a Second Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner, from:

                     (a)  communicating to a court any information obtained under or for the purposes of such an Act; or

                     (b)  producing in court a document obtained or made under or for the purposes of such an Act;

where it is necessary to do so for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of this Act.

             (8)  A person to whom this section applies must, if and when required by the Registrar to do so, make an oath or declaration, in a manner and form specified by the Registrar in writing, to maintain secrecy in accordance with this section.

             (9)  This section has effect subject to subsection 67N(10) of the Family Law Act 1975.

16AA  Offence of unauthorised use of information

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person:

                              (i)  makes a record of information; or

                             (ii)  communicates information to a person; or

                            (iii)  otherwise makes use of information; and

                     (b)  at the time the person does so, the person is not a person to whom this section applies (within the meaning of subsection 16(1)); and

                     (c)  the information is relevant information.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 1 year.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the relevant information was communicated to a person under subsection 16(4G); and

                     (b)  that person makes a record of, or communicates, the information for the purpose of a proceeding under section 113A;

subsection (1) of this section does not apply to any further recording, communication or use of that information by a person who is not a person to whom this section applies.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

             (3)  In this section:

relevant information means:

                     (a)  information about a person obtained from the records of the Department or the Child Support Agency; or

                     (b)  information to the effect that there is no information about a person held in the records of the Department or the Child Support Agency.

16A  Applications, notices, elections to be in the manner specified by the Registrar

             (1)  The Registrar may specify the manner in which an application, notice or election required or able to be made or given under this Act is to be made or given.

             (2)  Without limiting subsection (1), in respect of an application, notice or election, the Registrar may specify any or all of the following matters:

                     (a)  the content of the application, notice or election;

                     (b)  that the content is to be made or given in a particular form approved by the Registrar under subsection (4);

                     (c)  that the content is to be made or given orally;

                     (d)  that specified documents are to accompany it;

                     (e)  that the content is to be verified or that a document accompanying it is to be verified;

                      (f)  that it may be given on a specified kind of data processing device, or by way of electronic transmission, including specifying that it may be given in accordance with certain software requirements.

             (3)  In relation to an application, notice or election, if the Registrar specifies that it, or a document accompanying it, must be signed, the Registrar may also specify that, if it is given to the Registrar on a data processing device, or by way of electronic transmission, the process may contain the electronic signature of the person concerned.

             (4)  The Registrar may in writing approve a form of application, notice or election for the purposes of a particular section of this Act.

Note:          Strict compliance with the form is not required—see section 25C of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (5)  In this section:

electronic signature, in relation to a person, means a unique identification in an electronic form that is approved by the Registrar.

16B  Registrar’s power to request tax file numbers

             (1)  This section applies to a person in Australia if the person is a payer or a payee in relation to a registrable maintenance liability.

             (2)  The Registrar may request, but not compel, the person:

                     (a)  to give the Registrar a written statement of the person’s tax file number; or

                     (b)  if the person does not have a tax file number—to apply to the Commissioner for a tax file number and to give to the Registrar a written statement of the person’s tax file number after the Commissioner has issued it.

             (3)  A person is taken to have complied with a request under subsection (2) if the person gives to the Registrar a statement of a kind mentioned in subsection (4) or (5) of this section.

             (4)  The person may give to the Registrar a statement that the person:

                     (a)  has a tax file number but does not know what it is; and

                     (b)  has asked the Commissioner to inform the person of the person’s tax file number; and

                     (c)  authorises the Commissioner to tell the Registrar:

                              (i)  whether the person has a tax file number; and

                             (ii)  if the person has a tax file number—that number.

             (5)  The person may give to the Registrar a statement that the person:

                     (a)  has an application for a tax file number pending; and

                     (b)  authorises the Commissioner to tell the Registrar:

                              (i)  if a tax file number is issued to the person—that number; or

                             (ii)  if the application is refused—that the application has been refused; or

                            (iii)  if the application is withdrawn—that the application has been withdrawn.

16C  Registrar may require Commissioner to provide information

             (1)  The Registrar may require the Commissioner to provide the Registrar with information about people, including tax file numbers, being information that is in the possession of the Commissioner.

             (2)  Information provided to the Registrar under a requirement made under subsection (1) may be used only for the following purposes:

                     (a)  to facilitate the recovery of debts due to the Commonwealth under this Act;

                     (b)  to identify a person for purposes related to the purpose mentioned in paragraph (a).


 

Part IIIRegistration of maintenance liabilities

Division 1Registrable maintenance liabilities

17  Liabilities in relation to children that are registrable maintenance liabilities

             (1)  Subject to section 19, a liability is a registrable maintenance liability if:

                     (a)  it is a liability of:

                              (i)  a parent of a child to pay a periodic amount to a parent or non‑parent carer of the child for the maintenance of the child; or

                             (ii)  a step‑parent of a child to pay a periodic amount to a parent or non‑parent carer of the child for the maintenance of the child; and

                     (b)  either of the following subparagraphs applies:

                              (i)  it arises under a court order or court registered maintenance agreement;

                             (ii)  it is a collection agency maintenance liability.

             (2)  Subject to section 19, a liability is a registrable maintenance liability if it arises under a child support assessment.

17A  Liabilities in relation to persons who have paid amounts where no liability to pay because the person is not the parent

             (1)  Subject to section 19, a liability is a registrable maintenance liability if:

                     (a)  it is a liability of a person (the payer) to pay an amount to another person (the payee); and

                     (b)  it arises under a court order made under section 143 of the Assessment Act; and

                     (c)  the court made the order in response to a declaration under section 107 of that Act that the payee should not be assessed in respect of the costs of the child because the payee is not a parent of the child.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the extent that a liability to pay an amount is a liability to pay any costs incurred in respect of proceedings instituted under section 143 of the Assessment Act.

18  Liabilities in relation to parties to marriages, or parties to de facto relationships, that are registrable maintenance liabilities

             (1)  Subject to section 19, a liability is a registrable maintenance liability if:

                     (a)  it is a liability of a party to a marriage to pay a periodic amount for the maintenance of the other party to the marriage; and

                     (b)  either of the following subparagraphs applies:

                              (i)  it arises under a court order or court registered maintenance agreement;

                             (ii)  it is a collection agency maintenance liability.

             (2)  Subject to section 19, a liability is a registrable maintenance liability if:

                     (a)  it is a liability of a party to a de facto relationship to pay a periodic amount for the maintenance of the other party to the de facto relationship; and

                     (b)  either of the following subparagraphs applies:

                              (i)  it arises under a court order or court registered maintenance agreement;

                             (ii)  it is a collection agency maintenance liability.

18A  Liability in relation to registrable overseas maintenance liabilities

             (1)  A liability is a registrable overseas maintenance liability if it is:

                     (a)  a liability of a parent or step‑parent of a child to pay a periodic amount for the maintenance of the child; and

                     (b)  an overseas maintenance liability.

             (2)  A liability is a registrable overseas maintenance liability if it is:

                     (a)  a liability of a party to a marriage to pay a periodic amount for the maintenance of the other party to the marriage; and

                     (b)  an overseas maintenance liability.

             (3)  A liability is a registrable overseas maintenance liability if it is:

                     (a)  an agency reimbursement liability; or

                     (b)  a penalty, within the meaning of a provision that is prescribed by the regulations, of an international treaty that is so prescribed, that is payable under the law of a foreign country that is a party to the treaty.

             (4)  A liability is a registrable overseas maintenance liability if it is an amount that is in arrears under a liability mentioned in subsection (1) or (2) or paragraph (3)(a).

             (5)  This section is subject to section 19.

19  Exclusion of liabilities by regulation

             (1)  The regulations may provide that specified liabilities, or liabilities included in specified classes of liabilities, are not registrable maintenance liabilities.

             (2)  Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), the regulations may:

                     (a)  make different provision for the purposes of section 17, 17A, 18 or 18A; and

                     (b)  specify liabilities, or a class of liabilities, by reference to all or any of the following:

                              (i)  when the assessments, orders or agreements under which the liabilities arose were made, registered, approved or sanctioned, as the case may be;

                             (ii)  characteristics of the persons to whom the liabilities relate, including:

                                        (A)  if those persons are children, their dates of birth and, if applicable, when their parents separated;

                                        (B)  if those persons are not children, their ages and whether or not they are in receipt of an income tested pension, allowance or benefit;

                            (iii)  whether or not the liabilities are collection agency maintenance liabilities of a State or Territory;

                            (iv)  whether or not the liabilities arose under orders made under section 139 of the Assessment Act or section 66Q or 77 of the Family Law Act 1975.


 

Division 2Registration of maintenance liabilities

20  Arrangements with States, Northern Territory and Norfolk Island for transfer of liabilities

                   The Governor‑General may make arrangements with the Governor of a State or the Administrator of the Northern Territory or Norfolk Island for the transfer to the Child Support Register of collection agency maintenance liabilities of the State or Territory.

21  Arrangements in relation to Territories (other than the Northern Territory or Norfolk Island) for transfer of liabilities

                   The Registrar may make arrangements for the transfer to the Child Support Register of collection agency maintenance liabilities of a Territory (other than the Northern Territory or Norfolk Island).

22  Registrar to register transferred liabilities in Child Support Register

                   Where, under arrangements made under section 20 or 21, a collection agency maintenance liability is transferred to the Child Support Register, the Registrar shall, within 28 days after the transfer of the liability, register the liability under this Act by entering particulars of liability in the Child Support Register.

23  Payer and payee to notify Registrar when registrable maintenance liability arises etc.

             (1)  This section applies where:

                     (a)  under this Act, the Assessment Act, the Family Law Act 1975 or the law of a State or Territory:

                              (i)  an order is made by, or registered in, a court; or

                             (ii)  a maintenance agreement is registered in, or approved by, a court; and

                     (b)  either of the following subparagraphs applies:

                              (i)  a registrable maintenance liability arises under the order or agreement;

                             (ii)  the order or agreement varies or otherwise affects a registrable maintenance liability that is not registered under this Act.

          (1A)  This section does not apply to a registrable overseas maintenance liability.

             (2)  The payee of the registrable maintenance liability shall, within 14 days after the day (in subsection (5) called the relevant day) on which the order is made by, or registered in, the court or the agreement is registered in, or approved by, the court, give notice to the Registrar in relation to the order or agreement.

             (3)  The payee is not required to give the Registrar notice under subsection (1) if the payee, within that period of 14 days, elects, by giving the Registrar a notice, not to have the registrable maintenance liability enforced under this Act.

             (5)  Subject to subsection (6), the payer of the registrable maintenance liability shall, within 14 days after the relevant day, give notice to the Registrar in relation to the order or agreement.

             (6)  The payer is not required to give the notice to the Registrar if the payee elects under subsection (3) not to have the registrable maintenance liability enforced under this Act.

          (6A)  The notices under subsections (2), (3) and (5) must be given in the manner specified by the Registrar.

Note:          Section 16A provides for the Registrar to specify the manner in which a notice may be given.

             (7)  A person who contravenes subsection (2) or (5) is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by a fine not exceeding $1,000.

          (7A)  Subsection (7) is an offence of strict liability.

             (8)  It is a defence to a prosecution for an offence against subsection (7) if the person charged proves that the person furnished the relevant form to the Registrar as soon as reasonably practicable after becoming aware of the making or registration of the relevant order or of the registration or approval of the relevant maintenance agreement, as the case may be.

24  Registrar to register liability in Child Support Register on receipt of notification etc.

             (1)  Where the Registrar receives under subsection 23(2) a notice from the payee of a registrable maintenance liability, the Registrar shall, within 28 days after receipt of the notice, register the liability under this Act by entering particulars of the liability in the Child Support Register.

             (2)  Where the payee of a registrable maintenance liability who is required by subsection 23(2) to give notice to the Registrar fails to do so within the period specified in that subsection, the Registrar may, even though the notice has not been given within that period or has not been given at all, register the liability under this Act by entering particulars of the liability in the Child Support Register.

24A  Registrar to register liability in Child Support Register on making of child support assessment

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), where the Registrar makes a child support assessment under which a registrable maintenance liability arises, the Registrar must immediately register the liability under this Act by entering particulars of the liability in the Child Support Register.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to a registrable maintenance liability if:

                     (b)  the payee elected in the relevant application for assessment of child support or the relevant application for acceptance of a child support agreement, as the case requires, not to have the liability enforced under this Act; or

                     (c)  the application giving rise to the child support assessment was made by the parent by whom child support is payable.

Note:          Section 25 allows a payee in this situation to apply for the liability to be registered.

             (3)  Despite subsection (1), if the Registrar makes a child support assessment in a case where either the payer or the payee is a resident of a reciprocating jurisdiction, the Registrar must register the liability under this Act as soon as practicable, rather than immediately, after making the assessment.

25  Application for registration of registrable maintenance liability

             (1)  The payee of a registrable maintenance liability that is not registered under this Act may apply to the Registrar, in the manner specified by the Registrar, for the registration of the liability under this Act.

          (1A)  If:

                     (a)  the payee is a resident of a reciprocating jurisdiction; and

                     (b)  the registrable maintenance liability is a registrable overseas maintenance liability that arises under an order made by, or registered in, a court of the reciprocating jurisdiction;

an application for the registration of the liability:

                     (c)  made by the payee and given to the Registrar by an overseas authority of the reciprocating jurisdiction; or

                     (d)  made by such an overseas authority on behalf of the payee;

is taken to be an application under subsection (1) if the Registrar is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so.

          (1B)  If:

                     (a)  the payee is a resident of a reciprocating jurisdiction; and

                     (b)  the registrable maintenance liability is a registrable overseas maintenance liability that does not arise under an order made by, or registered in, a court of the reciprocating jurisdiction;

an application for the registration of the liability is not taken to be an application under subsection (1) unless it is:

                     (c)  made by the payee and given to the Registrar by an overseas authority of the reciprocating jurisdiction; or

                     (d)  made by such an overseas authority on behalf of the payee.

          (1C)  If either the payer or the payee of a registrable maintenance liability that is not registered under this Act is a resident of a reciprocating jurisdiction, the payer may apply to the Registrar, in a manner specified by the Registrar, for the registration of the liability under this Act.

          (1D)  If the payer is a resident of a reciprocating jurisdiction, the application mentioned in subsection (1C) must be either:

                     (a)  made by the payer and given to the Registrar by an overseas authority of the reciprocating jurisdiction; or

                     (b)  made directly to the Registrar.

             (2)  Subject to subsection (3), if the Registrar receives an application from the payee or payer the Registrar must, within 28 days after receiving the application, register the liability under this Act by entering particulars of the liability in the Child Support Register.

          (2A)  However, if either the payer or the payee is a resident of a reciprocating jurisdiction, the Registrar has 90 days to register the liability, instead of 28 days.

          (2B)  The Registrar may refuse to register a registrable overseas maintenance liability if the Registrar is satisfied that the liability arises in a manner that is inconsistent with the international maintenance arrangement on which the payee relies.

          (2C)  If:

                     (a)  a registered maintenance liability relates to a particular child, a particular payer and a particular payee; and

                     (b)  a registrable maintenance liability:

                              (i)  that relates to the same child, payer and payee; and

                             (ii)  that arose before the registered maintenance liability arose;

                            first comes to the notice of the Registrar after the registration of the registered maintenance liability;

the Registrar must not register the registrable maintenance liability except for the purpose of facilitating the recovery of arrears under it.

          (2D)  A registrable maintenance liability that is registered to facilitate the recovery of arrears under it is to be treated for all other purposes as if it had not been registered.

             (3)  The Registrar must not register the liability if the payee has given notice, or is required to give notice, under subsection 23(2) in relation to the liability.

             (4)  The regulations may provide that this section applies in relation to collection agency maintenance liabilities only if specified conditions or restrictions are complied with or only in specified circumstances.

Note:          In relation to applications made under subsection (1) or (1C), section 16A provides for the Registrar to specify the manner in which the application may be made.

25A  Inclusion of certain liabilities in the Child Support Register

             (1)  A payee may apply to the Registrar for entry, in the Child Support Register, of the particulars of an overseas maintenance liability that is not a registrable overseas maintenance liability.

             (2)  An application must be made in the manner specified by the Registrar.

             (3)  In the absence of an application made in accordance with subsection (2), a document or documents given by the payee may be taken to be an application for entry of the particulars of an overseas maintenance liability if the Registrar is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so.

             (4)  The Registrar must, within 90 days after receiving an application, enter the particulars of the liability in the Child Support Register if the Registrar is satisfied that to do so would be consistent with the international maintenance arrangement on which the payee relies.

             (5)  The Registrar may refuse to register a maintenance assessment, order or agreement issued, made or registered in a foreign country that is a party to an international treaty and that is prescribed by the regulations if the payee is habitually resident in that country.

             (6)  For the purposes of this Act, a decision under this section is taken to be a decision in relation to a registrable maintenance liability.

25B  Effect of inclusion

             (1)  If the particulars of an overseas maintenance liability are entered in the Child Support Register under section 25A, an amount payable under the maintenance assessment, order or agreement that gives rise to the liability is a debt due to the payee.

             (2)  A debt due under this section is recoverable in a court of competent jurisdiction by the payee from the person who is liable to make payments under the liability.

25C  Limitation on inclusion of liabilities in Register

                   Despite anything else in this Division, the Registrar must not register a liability if neither the payee nor the payer is a resident of Australia.

26  Particulars of liability to be entered in Child Support Register

Particulars of the child support assessment, court order or maintenance agreement

             (1)  The entry in the Child Support Register in relation to a registered maintenance liability must include particulars from the child support assessment, court order or maintenance agreement under which the liability arose. Those particulars are as follows:

                     (a)  the name of the payer;

                     (b)  the name of the payee;

                     (c)  particulars of the child support assessment, court order or maintenance agreement under which the liability arose and each assessment, court order and maintenance agreement varying or otherwise affecting the first‑mentioned assessment, order or agreement, being particulars that are, in the opinion of the Registrar, sufficient to adequately identify the basis of the liability;

                     (d)  the name and date of birth of each child to whose maintenance the entry relates;

                     (e)  the name of any other person to whose maintenance the entry relates;

                      (f)  the periodic amount, or the aggregate of the periodic amounts that are:

                              (i)  stipulated in the child support assessment, court order or maintenance agreement under which the liability arose; and

                             (ii)  payable by the payer in relation to the entry;

                     (g)  if the entry relates to the maintenance of 2 or more persons—the periodic amount attributable to each of them;

                     (h)  the period specified in the child support assessment, court order or maintenance agreement as the period at which amounts are payable under the liability;

                      (i)  particulars of any terms and conditions of the court order or agreement that the Registrar considers necessary or desirable to include in the entry to ensure that all the terms and conditions of the order or agreement relating to the liability are fully given effect to under this Act.

Particulars as to the payment period and payment rate

             (2)  The entry in the Register must also include particulars relating to the payment rate and payment period in respect of the liability. Those particulars are as follows:

                     (a)  the initial period (determined under section 26C) (if any) at which an amount is payable in respect of the liability;

                     (b)  the payment period (determined under section 26A, 26B or 42A or Part IV), after the initial period (if any), at which amounts are payable in respect of the liability, and the start day of the period;

                     (c)  if employer withholding is to apply in relation to a liability—a weekly rate of payment in relation to the periodic amount, or the aggregate of the periodic amounts;

                     (d)  the rate of payment (weekly, fortnightly, 4 weekly or monthly) in relation to the periodic amount, or the aggregate of the periodic amounts, payable by the payer in relation to the entry and the amount of the rate of payment.

Note 1:       For payment period see subsection 4(1).

Note 2:       Section 28B requires the Registrar to convert the periodic amount payable in respect of a registrable maintenance liability to a rate of payment depending upon the payment period determined in respect of the liability.

Particulars relating to enforceability of the liability

             (3)  The entry in the Register must also include particulars relating to the enforceability of the liability. Those particulars are as follows:

                     (a)  the day on which the liability first becomes enforceable under this Act;

                     (b)  if the liability ceases to be enforceable under this Act (whether on one occasion or more than one occasion)—each day on which the liability ceases to be so enforceable;

                     (c)  if the liability ceases to be enforceable under this Act and again becomes so enforceable (whether on one occasion or more than one occasion)—each day on which the liability again becomes enforceable under this Act;

                     (d)  particulars of any suspension of the liability.

Other particulars that the Register may include

             (4)  The entry in the Register may also include the following particulars in relation to the liability:

                     (a)  the daily rate of payment in relation to the periodic amount, or the aggregate of the periodic amounts, payable by the payer in relation to the entry;

                     (b)  a statement of whether or not employer withholding applies in relation to the liability;

                     (c)  such other matters as the Registrar considers necessary or desirable to be included in the Child Support Register.

Registrable overseas maintenance liabilities

             (5)  In the case of a registrable overseas maintenance liability, the entry in the Child Support Register must include the particulars mentioned in this section that are relevant to the liability.

26A  Payment period to be entered in Register under paragraph 26(2)(b) if Registrar to collect by deduction from salary or wages

Application of section

             (1)  This section applies to a registrable maintenance liability or an enforceable maintenance liability if the Registrar is to collect amounts due to the Commonwealth under, or in relation to, the liability by deduction from the salary or wages of the payer of the liability.

Object of section

             (2)  This section deals with the determination, in relation to a liability, of:

                     (a)  the payment period the Registrar must enter in the Child Support Register under paragraph 26(2)(b) as the period at which amounts are payable in respect of the liability (see subsection (3)); and

                     (b)  the day that the Registrar must enter in the Register under paragraph 26(2)(b) as the day from which a payment period (see subsection (4)) starts.

Note:          For payment period see subsection 4(1).

Period that must be registered where liability to be collected by deduction from salary or wages

             (3)  If the Registrar is going to collect amounts due to the Commonwealth under a liability, or in relation to the liability, by deduction from the salary or wages of the payer, the period that the Registrar must enter in the Register is the payment period that reflects the payer’s pay cycle.

Example:    If a payer is paid weekly, the payment period the Registrar must enter in the Child Support Register will be a week. Similarly, if the payer is paid monthly, the payment period the Registrar must enter in the Register will be a month.

Note:          Part IV deals with collection by deduction from salary or wages.

Day from which a payment period starts

             (4)  The start day of the payment period referred to in subsection (3) in respect of the liability, is a day specified by the Registrar. The day that the Registrar must specify is the first day of the first of the payment periods in which deduction from the salary or wages of the payer will occur.

26B  Payment period to be entered in Register under paragraph 26(2)(b) if payer makes voluntary payments

Application of section

             (1)  This section applies to a registrable maintenance liability or an enforceable maintenance liability if the Registrar is not going to collect amounts due to the Commonwealth under, or in relation to, the liability by deduction from the salary or wages of the payer of the liability.

Object of section

             (2)  This section deals with the determination, in relation to a liability of:

                     (a)  the payment period that the Registrar must enter in the Child Support Register under paragraph 26(2)(b) as the period at which amounts are payable in respect of the liability (see subsections (3) and (5)); and

                     (b)  the day that the Registrar must enter in the Register under paragraph 26(2)(b) as the day from which an elected period (see subsection (4)) starts.

Note:          For payment period see subsection 4(1).

Period that must be registered when liability to be paid voluntarily and election made

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  the Registrar is not going to collect amounts due to the Commonwealth under, or in relation to, a liability by deduction from the salary or wages of the payer of the liability; and

                     (b)  the payer makes an election that a payment period be entered in the Register as the period at which amounts are payable in respect of the liability; and

                     (c)  the Registrar is satisfied that the payment period elected by the payer will be a convenient payment period for the payer to accrue debts;

the Registrar must enter in the Register the elected period as the period at which amounts are payable in respect of the liability.

Day from which elected period starts

             (4)  In making an election under subsection (3), the payer must specify the day from which the payment period starts. The Registrar must enter in the Register the specified day as the day from which the elected period starts.

Example 1: The payer elects a 4 week period as the payment period. The payer elects that the start day of the period will be 8 July which is a Wednesday. Therefore the period will end 4 weeks later on a Tuesday.

Example 2: The payer elects a period of a calendar month as the payment period. The payer elects that the start day will be 16 October. Therefore the period will end on 15 November. If the payer elects that the start day will be 31 January the period will end on 28 February.

Period that must be registered when liability to be paid voluntarily and no election is made or election is rejected

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  the Registrar is not going to collect amounts due to the Commonwealth under, or in relation to, a liability by deduction from the salary or wages of the payer of the liability; and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  the payer does not make an election under subsection (3); or

                             (ii)  the Registrar is not satisfied that the payment period elected by the payer will be a convenient payment period for the payer to accrue debts;

the Registrar must enter in the Register any payment period determined by the Registrar to be a convenient payment period for the payer to accrue debts as the period at which amounts are payable in respect of the liability.

Manner in which election is to be made

             (6)  An election made under subsection (3) must be made in the manner specified by the Registrar.

Note:          Section 16A provides for the Registrar to specify the manner in which an election may be made.

26C  Initial period that may be registered under paragraph 26(2)(a)

             (1)  If the Registrar is about to enter a period in the Child Support Register under subsection 26A(3) or 26B(3) in respect of a registrable maintenance liability or an enforceable maintenance liability, the Registrar may also enter in the Register an initial period under paragraph 26(2)(a) in respect of the liability.

When will the initial period start and end—Registrar about to enter liability

             (2)  If the Registrar is about to register the liability, the initial period starts on the day on which the liability first becomes enforceable under this Act and ends:

                     (a)  in the case of the Registrar entering in the Register a payment period under subsection 26A(3)—on the day before the start day specified by the Registrar under subsection 26A(4) in respect of the liability; or

                     (b)  in the case of the Registrar entering in the Register a payment period under subsection 26B(3)—on the day before the start day specified by the payer of the liability under subsection 26B(4).

Note:          Section 28 deals with when a liability first becomes enforceable under this Act.

When will the initial period start and end—Registrar varies Register under subsection 37B(7) to again make a registered maintenance liability enforceable

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a low‑income non‑enforcement period in relation to a registered maintenance liability ends; and

                     (b)  the Registrar has varied the particulars of the Register as required by paragraph 37B(7)(1)(a) by specifying the end of the low‑income non‑enforcement period as the time at which the liability again becomes enforceable under this Act;

the initial period, in respect of the liability, starts on the day the Registrar has entered in the Register as the time at which the liability again becomes enforceable under this Act and ends:

                     (c)  in the case of the Registrar entering in the Register a payment period under subsection 26A(3)—on the day before the start day specified by the Registrar under subsection 26A(4) in respect of the liability; or

                     (d)  in the case of the Registrar entering in the Register a payment period under subsection 26B(3)—on the day before the start day specified by the payer of the liability under subsection 26B(4).

When will the initial period start and end—Registrar receives an application under subsection 39(1) to again make a registered maintenance liability enforceable

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the Registrar receives an application under subsection 39(1) for a registered maintenance liability to again become enforceable under this Act; and

                     (b)  the Registrar has varied the particulars of the Child Support Register as required by paragraph 39(6)(a) by specifying a day as the day on which the liability again becomes enforceable under this Act;

the initial period, in respect of the liability, starts on the day the Registrar has entered in the Register as the day on which the liability again becomes enforceable under this Act and ends:

                     (c)  in the case of the Registrar entering in the Register a payment period under subsection 26A(3)—on the day before the start day specified by the Registrar under subsection 26A(4) in respect of the liability; or

                     (d)  in the case of the Registrar entering in the Register a payment period under subsection 26B(3)—on the day before the start day specified by the payer of the liability under subsection 26B(4).

27  Single entry in relation to all liabilities with same payer and payee

                   Where the payer and payee of a registrable maintenance liability are the same as the payer and payee of another registrable maintenance liability (whether or not the liabilities arise under the same child support assessment, court order or maintenance agreement and whether or not the liabilities are in relation to the maintenance of the same person), the Registrar may include particulars of the liabilities in the same entry in the Child Support Register.

28  Day on which liability first becomes enforceable under Act

             (1)  A registered maintenance liability first becomes enforceable under this Act on whichever of the following days is applicable in relation to the liability:

                     (a)  if the liability is a transferred maintenance liability—the day on which the liability is transferred to the Child Support Register;

                     (b)  if the liability is registered under subsection 24(1)—the day on which the liability arose under, or was varied or otherwise affected by, the court order or maintenance agreement by virtue of which the liability is registered under that subsection;

                  (baa)  if the liability is registered under subsection 24(2)—such day as is determined, in writing, by the Registrar (being a day not earlier than the day on which the liability arose under, or was varied or otherwise affected by, the court order or maintenance agreement by virtue of which the liability is registered under that subsection);

                   (ba)  if the liability arose under a child support assessment and is registered under subsection 24A(1)—the day on and from which child support is payable under the assessment;

                     (c)  if the liability is registered under subsection 25(2)—such day as is determined, in writing, by the Registrar (being a day not later than 60 days after the day on which the Registrar receives, under subsection 25(1), the relevant duly completed form from the payee of the liability);

                     (d)  if the liability is of a kind mentioned in subsection 18A(1), (2) or (3)—the day on which the Registrar receives the application for the liability to be registered under this Act;

                     (e)  if the liability is an amount in arrears under a liability mentioned in subsection 18A(1) or (2) or paragraph 18A(3)(a)—the day on which the Registrar received the application for registration under this Act of the liability to which the arrears relate.

             (2)  If the Registrar registers a liability referred to in paragraph (1)(e), this Act has effect as if the amounts in arrears were payable under the liability in relation to the child support enforcement period that began on the day on which the liability first became enforceable under this Act as a result of the operation of that paragraph.

28A  Reversal of subsection 23(3) or 24A(2) election—collection of arrears

When section applies

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a payee applies under subsection 25(1) for registration of a registrable maintenance liability; and

                     (b)  the payee has, at any time before the making of the application, made an election under subsection 23(3) or 24A(2) in relation to the liability.

          (1A)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a payee applies under subsection 25(1) for registration of a registrable maintenance liability; and

                     (b)  the registrable maintenance liability arises under a child support assessment made because of an application by the payer.

Maximum arrears period

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, the maximum arrears period is the period:

                     (a)  beginning at whichever is latest of the following times:

                              (i)  9 months before the liability first becomes enforceable under this Act as a result of the operation of paragraph 28(c);

                             (ii)  the beginning of the period to which the liability relates;

                            (iii)  the commencement of this section; and

                     (b)  ending at the time when the liability first becomes enforceable under this Act as a result of the operation of paragraph 28(c).

Application by payee for enforcement of arrears

             (3)  The payee may apply to the Registrar, in the manner specified by the Registrar, for any unpaid amounts payable under the liability in relation to a specified period to be treated as arrears amounts for the purposes of this section. The specified period must:

                     (a)  consist of, or be included in, the maximum arrears period; and

                     (b)  end at the end of the maximum arrears period.

Note:          Section 16A provides for the Registrar to specify the manner in which an application may be made.

Registrar’s decision—arrears for 3 months or less

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the specified period does not exceed 3 months; and

                     (b)  the Registrar registers the liability under subsection 25(2);

the Registrar must grant the payee’s application.

Registrar’s decision—arrears for more than 3 months

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  the specified period exceeds 3 months; and

                     (b)  the Registrar registers the liability under subsection 25(2);

then:

                     (c)  if the Registrar is satisfied that there are exceptional circumstances—the Registrar must grant the payee’s application; or

                     (d)  if:

                              (i)  the Registrar is not satisfied that there are exceptional circumstances; and

                             (ii)  unpaid amounts are payable under the liability in relation to the period of 3 months that ended at the end of the maximum arrears period;

                            the Registrar must:

                            (iii)  treat the payee’s application as if the specified period were the period of 3 months that ended at the end of the maximum arrears period; and

                            (iv)  grant the payee’s application; or

                     (e)  if:

                              (i)  the Registrar is not satisfied that there are exceptional circumstances; and

                             (ii)  no unpaid amounts are payable under the liability in relation to the period of 3 months that ended at the end of the maximum arrears period;

                            the Registrar must refuse to grant the payee’s application.

Consequences of successful application

             (6)  If the Registrar grants the payee’s application:

                     (a)  this Act has effect as if:

                              (i)  the unpaid amounts were payable under the liability in relation to the child support enforcement period that began on the day on which the liability first became enforceable under this Act as a result of the operation of paragraph 28(c); and

                             (ii)  the unpaid amounts became child support debts at the time when the liability became enforceable as a result of the operation of paragraph 28(c); and

                     (b)  the Registrar must make such variations to the particulars entered in the Child Support Register in relation to the liability as the Registrar considers necessary or desirable to give effect to this subsection.

Amounts that would have been credited under section 71C

             (7)  To avoid doubt, a reference in this section to an unpaid amount payable under a liability does not include a reference to any amount that would have been credited against that unpaid amount under section 71C if the liability had been an enforceable maintenance liability at all relevant times.

28B  Conversion of periodic amounts into payment rates in respect of payment periods

             (1)  The Registrar must convert a periodic amount payable under a registered maintenance liability arising under a court order or a maintenance agreement to:

                     (a)  a daily rate of payment; and

                     (b)  one of the following rates of payment:

                              (i)  weekly;

                             (ii)  fortnightly;

                            (iii)  4 weekly;

                            (iv)  monthly.

Note:          An amount payable under a registrable maintenance liability is entered on the Child Support Register under paragraph 26(1)(f).

             (2)  The Registrar must convert an amount payable under a registered maintenance liability arising under a child support assessment in respect of a day into one of the rates of payment set out in paragraph (1)(b).

             (3)  If the Registrar is to collect amounts due to the Commonwealth under, or in relation to, a liability by deduction from the salary or wages of the payer of the liability, the Registrar must convert the periodic amount or daily amount (as the case may be) to a weekly rate of payment.

             (4)  The rate of payment to which the Registrar must convert a periodic amount payable under a registered maintenance liability, is the rate that reflects the payment period entered in the Register under paragraph 26(2)(b) in respect of the liability.

Note 1:       For payment period see subsection 4(1).

Note 2:       Sections 26A, 26B and 42A and Part IVA deal with the determination of the period, and the start day for the period, that may be entered in the Child Support Register under paragraph 26(2)(b).

Note 3:       The particulars entered in the Child Support Register in respect of a liability must include the rates of payment provided for in this section (see paragraphs 26(2)(c) and (d)).

29  Conversion of amounts payable under registrable maintenance liability into daily rates etc.

                   The regulations may make provision with respect to the conversion of amounts payable under registrable maintenance liabilities into daily, weekly, fortnightly, 4 weekly and monthly rates of payment.

30  Effect of registration

             (1)  If a registrable maintenance liability is registered under this Act, amounts payable under the child support assessment, court order, maintenance agreement, maintenance order or maintenance assessment under which the liability arises are debts due to the Commonwealth by the payer in accordance with the particulars of the liability entered in the Child Support Register.

             (2)  In particular, the amounts are payable by the payer at the payment rate entered in the Register under paragraph 26(2)(d) in respect of the periods entered in the Register under paragraphs 26(2)(a) and (b).

Note:          Section 28B requires the Registrar to convert the periodic amount payable in respect of a registrable maintenance liability to a rate of payment depending upon the payment period determined in respect of the liability.

             (3)  If a registrable maintenance liability is registered under this Act, the payee of the liability is not entitled to, and may not enforce payment of, amounts payable under the liability other than by instituting a proceeding under section 113A to recover a debt due in relation to the liability.

30AA  Rule to avoid dual liabilities

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a registrable maintenance liability (the first liability) relating, in whole or in part, to a particular child, and also relating to a particular payer and a particular payee, is registered; and

                     (b)  at any time after the registration of the first liability, a subsequent registrable maintenance liability relating, in whole or in part, to the same child, and also relating to the same payer and the same payee, is registered;

the first liability ceases, at the time the subsequent liability is registered, to have effect to the extent only that it relates to the particular child.

             (2)  Despite subsection (1), the first liability is treated, for the sole purpose of facilitating the recovery of arrears in respect of any period ending on or before it ceases to have effect, as if it had not ceased to have effect as provided in subsection (1).

30A  Enforcement of Australian liabilities overseas

             (1)  A payee may apply to the Registrar to have a maintenance order or agreement, or a child support assessment, enforced in a reciprocating jurisdiction (other than an excepted reciprocating jurisdiction in relation to such an order, agreement or assessment).

             (2)  For the purpose of having a maintenance order or agreement, or a child support assessment, enforced in a reciprocating jurisdiction (other than an excepted reciprocating jurisdiction in relation to such an order, agreement or assessment) the Registrar may, at any time, and must, as soon as practicable after a payee makes an application under subsection (1):

                     (a)  request, in writing, a judicial or administrative authority in the reciprocating jurisdiction to enforce the liability; and

                     (b)  in a case where there is an application by a payee under subsection (1)—give the application to the authority; and

                     (c)  give the authority such other documentation and information as is required by the authority for enforcement proceedings in that jurisdiction.

             (3)  Without limiting the generality of paragraph (2)(c), the Registrar must give to the judicial or administrative authority a certificate signed by the Registrar stating the amounts that are due or payable under the liability.

             (4)  In this section:

excepted reciprocating jurisdiction, in relation to a maintenance order or agreement, or a child support assessment, means a reciprocating jurisdiction that is declared by the regulations to be an excepted reciprocating jurisdiction in respect of such an order, agreement or assessment.

             (5)  For the purposes of subsection (4), a jurisdiction may be declared to be an excepted reciprocating jurisdiction, in relation to a maintenance order or agreement, or a child support assessment, only if the enforcement in the jurisdiction of such an order, agreement or assessment would not be permitted by the law of the jurisdiction.

             (6)  A request under subsection (2) is not a legislative instrument.

31  Effect of registration on existing garnishment and attachment of earnings orders

                   Where, on the day on which a registered maintenance liability first becomes enforceable under this Act or again becomes enforceable under this Act, a garnishment or attachment of earnings order made by a court under the Family Law Act 1975, the Matrimonial Causes Act 1959 or the law of a State or Territory is in force in relation to the liability, the order ceases to have effect in so far as it relates to amounts payable under the liability in relation to the child support enforcement period.

32  Payer and payee to be given copy of entry in Child Support Register on application

             (1)  The payer or payee of a registered maintenance liability may apply to the Registrar requesting that a copy of the entry in the Child Support Register in relation to the liability be provided to him or her.

             (2)  The application must be made in the manner specified by the Registrar.

Note:          Section 16A provides for the Registrar to specify the manner in which an application may be made.

             (3)  The Registrar must comply with the request.


 

Division 3Variations to entries in Child Support Register

33  Payee to notify Registrar of court order varying registered maintenance liability etc.

             (1)  Where:

                     (a)  under this Act, the Assessment Act, the Family Law Act 1975 or the law of a State or Territory:

                              (i)  an order is made by, or registered in, a court; or

                             (ii)  a maintenance agreement is registered in, or approved by, a court; and

                     (b)  the order or agreement varies or otherwise affects a registered maintenance liability (other than a registered maintenance liability that is not enforceable under this Act because of an election made under section 38A or a decision of the Registrar under section 38B);

the payee of the registered maintenance liability shall, within 14 days after the day on which the order is made by, or registered in, the court or the agreement is registered in, or approved by, the court, give notice to the Registrar, in the manner specified by the Registrar, in relation to the order or agreement.

Note:          Section 16A provides for the Registrar to specify the manner in which a notice may be given.

             (2)  A person who contravenes subsection (1) is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by a fine not exceeding $1,000.

          (2A)  Subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

             (3)  It is a defence to a prosecution for an offence against subsection (2) if the person charged proves that the person gave the notice to the Registrar as soon as reasonably practicable after becoming aware of the making or registration of the relevant order or of the registration or approval of the relevant maintenance agreement, as the case may be.

34  Payee to notify Registrar of happening of affecting event

             (1)  The payee of an enforceable maintenance liability shall, within 14 days after the happening of an affecting event in relation to the liability (other than, in a case where the liability relates to the maintenance of a child, the child attaining 18 years of age), give notice to the Registrar, in the manner specified by the Registrar, of the affecting event.

Note:          Section 16A provides for the Registrar to specify the manner in which a notice may be given.

             (2)  A person who contravenes subsection (1) is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by a fine not exceeding $1,000.

          (2A)  Subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

             (3)  It is a defence to a prosecution for an offence against subsection (2) if the person charged proves that the person notified the Registrar of the happening of the relevant affecting event as soon as reasonably practicable after becoming aware of the happening of the event.

             (4)  This section does not apply in relation to a liability that arises under a child support assessment.

             (5)  This section does not apply to an enforceable maintenance liability that is a registrable overseas maintenance liability.

35  Payer may apply to Registrar for variation of Child Support Register

             (1)  The payer of a registered maintenance liability may apply to the Registrar, in the manner specified by the Registrar, for the variation of particulars entered in the Child Support Register in relation to the liability to enable a court order or court registered maintenance agreement that varies or otherwise affects the liability to be given effect to under this Act.

             (2)  The payer of an enforceable maintenance liability may apply to the Registrar, in the manner specified by the Registrar, for the variation of particulars entered in the Child Support Register in relation to the liability to take account of the happening of an affecting event in relation to the liability.

Note:          Section 16A provides for the Registrar to specify the manner in which an application may be made.

             (3)  This section does not apply in relation to a liability that arises under a child support assessment.

36  Registrar to vary Child Support Register on receipt of notification or application

             (1)  When the Registrar receives under subsection 33(1), 34(1) or 35(1) or (2) an application or notice (as the case may be) from the payee or payer of a registrable maintenance liability, the Registrar must, within 28 days after receipt of the application or notice, make such variations (if any) to the particulars entered in the Child Support Register in relation to the liability as the Registrar considers necessary or desirable to:

                     (a)  enable the relevant order or maintenance agreement to be given effect to under this Act; or

                     (b)  take account of the happening of the relevant affecting event;

as the case requires.

             (2)  However, if either the payer or the payee is a resident of a reciprocating jurisdiction, the Registrar has 90 days to make the variations, instead of 28 days.

37  Registrar may vary Child Support Register to give effect to court order etc.

                   Where the Registrar is of the opinion (otherwise than because of the receipt of an application or notice (as the case may be) under subsection 33(1), 34(1) or 35(1) or (2)):

                     (a)  that, under this Act, the Assessment Act, the Family Law Act 1975 or the law of a State or Territory:

                              (i)  an order has been made by, or registered in, a court; or

                             (ii)  a maintenance agreement has been registered in, or approved by, a court;

                            and the order or agreement varies or otherwise affects a registered maintenance liability; or

                     (b)  that an affecting event in relation to an enforceable maintenance liability has happened;

the Registrar shall make such variations (if any) to the particulars entered in the Child Support Register in relation to the liability as the Registrar considers necessary or desirable to enable the order or agreement to be given effect to under this Act or to take account of the happening of the event, as the case may be.

37A  Registrar to vary Child Support Register on amendment of child support assessment

                   Where the Registrar amends a child support assessment under which a registrable maintenance liability arose, the Registrar must immediately make such variations (if any) to the particulars entered in the Child Support Register in relation to the liability as the Registrar considers necessary or desirable to enable the amendment to be given effect to under this Act.

37B  Registered maintenance liability not to be enforced if payer is a low‑income recipient of a social security pension or a social security benefit

Object

             (1)  The object of this section is to provide for the non‑enforcement of certain registered maintenance liabilities during the subsistence of a low‑income non‑enforcement period.

Payer may apply to have liability no longer enforced under Act

             (2)  If the payer of an enforceable maintenance liability covered by subsection 17(1) or arising under a maintenance order made by, or a maintenance agreement registered by, a judicial authority of a reciprocating jurisdiction:

                     (a)  is in receipt of a social security pension or a social security benefit; or

                     (b)  has made a claim for a social security pension or a social security benefit;

the payer may apply to the Registrar, in the manner specified by the Registrar, to have the liability no longer enforced under this Act.

Note:          Section 16A provides for the Registrar to specify the manner in which an application may be made.

Court orders etc. dealing with unemployment etc.

             (3)  The payer is not entitled to make an application under subsection (2) if:

                     (a)  the liability is covered by subparagraph 17(1)(b)(i); and

                     (b)  the court order or court registered maintenance agreement concerned provides, either directly or indirectly, for the reduction of amounts payable under the liability during periods when:

                              (i)  the payer is unemployed; or

                             (ii)  the payer’s income is substantially reduced.

Start of low‑income non‑enforcement period

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, if the payer of a registered maintenance liability:

                     (a)  makes an application under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  is taken, under the regulations, to satisfy the prescribed income test in relation to the first instalment of a social security pension or a social security benefit paid to the payer after the day on which the application was made;

a low‑income non‑enforcement period in relation to the liability:

                     (c)  begins on whichever of the following days is applicable:

                              (i)  the day on which the application was made;

                             (ii)  an earlier day determined by the Registrar, being a day that is on or after the day on which the payer commences to receive a social security pension or a social security benefit; and

                     (d)  continues until the time worked out under subsection (5).

End of low‑income non‑enforcement period

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, a low‑income non‑enforcement period in relation to a registered maintenance liability ends at whichever is the earliest of the following:

                     (a)  when the payer of the liability ceases to receive a social security pension or a social security benefit;

                     (b)  if the payer of the liability is taken, under the regulations, not to satisfy the prescribed income test in relation to an instalment of a social security pension or a social security benefit paid to the payer for a particular fortnight—the beginning of that fortnight;

                     (c)  when the liability ends.

Non‑enforcement of liability—variation of Child Support Register

             (6)  If a low‑income non‑enforcement period in relation to a registered maintenance liability begins, the Registrar must, as soon as practicable, vary the particulars entered in the Child Support Register in relation to the liability by specifying the beginning of the low‑income non‑enforcement period as the time at which the liability ceases to be enforceable under this Act. However, this rule does not apply if, immediately before the low‑income non‑enforcement period, the liability had already ceased to be enforceable under this Act because of section 38A, 38B or 39B.

Resumption of enforcement of liability—variation of Child Support Register

             (7)  If a low‑income non‑enforcement period in relation to a registered maintenance liability ends, the Registrar:

                     (a)  must, as soon as practicable, vary the particulars entered in the Child Support Register in relation to the liability by specifying the end of the low‑income non‑enforcement period as the time at which the liability again becomes enforceable under this Act; and

                     (b)  may make such variations (if any) to those particulars as the Registrar considers necessary or desirable:

                              (i)  to enable a court order or court registered maintenance agreement that varies or otherwise affects the liability to be given effect to under this Act; or

                             (ii)  to take account of the happening of an affecting event in relation to the liability.

However, these rules do not apply if, immediately before the low‑income non‑enforcement period, the liability had ceased to be enforceable under this Act because of section 38A, 38B or 39B.

Section not to prevent payee recovery of a debt

          (7A)  This section does not prevent a payee of a registered maintenance liability from instituting a proceeding under section 113A during a low‑income non‑enforcement period to recover a debt due in relation to the liability.

Definitions

             (8)  In this section:

social security benefit has the same meaning as in the Social Security Act 1991.

social security pension has the same meaning as in the Social Security Act 1991.

38  Variation of Register to have enforceable maintenance liability no longer enforced under Act

                   The Registrar must vary the particulars in the Child Support Register in relation to an enforceable maintenance liability so that the liability is no longer enforced under this Act if:

                     (a)  the payee of the liability makes an election under section 38A; or

                     (b)  the payee and payer of the liability jointly make an election under section 38A; or

                     (c)  the Registrar makes a decision under section 38B.

38A  Election by payee or by payee and payer jointly

             (1)  The payee of an enforceable maintenance liability, or the payee and payer jointly, may make an election to have the liability no longer enforced under this Act.

             (2)  An election under this section must be made in the manner specified by the Registrar.

Note:          Section 16A provides for the Registrar to specify the manner in which an election may be made.

             (3)  Within 28 days after receiving the election, the Registrar must:

                     (a)  vary the particulars relating to the liability in the Child Support Register by specifying a day (not later than 60 days after the day on which the Registrar received the election) as the day on which the liability ceases to be enforceable under this Act (the terminating day); and

                     (b)  if the payee, or the payee and payer jointly, have elected to have amounts payable under the liability in relation to the child support enforcement period that are unpaid on the terminating day also no longer enforced under this
Act—vary the particulars so as to ensure that, in spite of section 30, those amounts cease to be debts due by the payer to the Commonwealth.

          (3A)  However, if either the payer or the payee is a resident of a reciprocating jurisdiction, the Registrar has 90 days to vary the relevant particulars, instead of 28 days.

             (4)  The Registrar must not make a variation under paragraph (3)(a) by specifying a day that is included in a period that is a low‑income non‑enforcement period under section 37B in relation to the liability. If that day is included in that period, the Registrar must not take action under paragraph (3)(b) in relation to that day.

38B  Decision by Registrar based on payment record and other factors

             (1)  The Registrar may decide that an enforceable maintenance liability should no longer be enforced under this Act if all the following conditions are met:

                     (a)  the payer is taken, under the regulations, to have a satisfactory payment record in relation to the previous 6 months;

                     (b)  the Registrar is satisfied that the payer is likely to continue to have a satisfactory payment record;

                     (c)  the Registrar is satisfied that a decision under this section is appropriate in relation to the liability.

             (2)  If the Registrar makes a decision under subsection (1), the Registrar must vary the particulars relating to the liability in the Child Support Register by specifying a day (not earlier than 28 days after the day on which the Registrar makes the decision) as the day on which the liability ceases to be enforceable under this Act.

             (3)  If, before the day specified in a variation under subsection (2), the Registrar decides to revoke the decision that gave rise to the variation, the Registrar must vary the particulars concerned in the Child Support Register to give effect to the revocation.

             (4)  The revocation takes effect on the day the Registrar varies the particulars concerned.

38C  Election not to enforce—registered maintenance liability

             (1)  If a registered maintenance liability of a kind mentioned in section 18A is not enforceable because of an election under section 38A, an amount unpaid under the relevant maintenance assessment, order or agreement is a debt due and payable by the payer to the payee.

             (2)  A debt due under this section is recoverable by the payee from the payer in a court of competent jurisdiction.

39  Application for variation to enable liability to again become enforceable under Act

             (1)  If a registered maintenance liability is not enforceable under this Act because of an election made under section 38A or a decision by the Registrar under section 38B, the payee may apply to the Registrar for the liability to again become enforceable under this Act.

             (2)  The application must be made in the manner specified by the Registrar.

Note:          Section 16A provides for the Registrar to specify the manner in which an application may be made.

             (3)  An application cannot be made in relation to a liability during a period that is a low‑income non‑enforcement period under section 37B in relation to the liability.

             (4)  Within 28 days after receiving an application under subsection (1), the Registrar must grant or refuse the application.

          (4A)  However, if either the payer or the payee is a resident of a reciprocating jurisdiction, the Registrar has 90 days to grant or refuse the application, instead of 28 days.

             (5)  The Registrar must grant the application unless the Registrar is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the payer of the liability has been complying with his or her child support obligations in relation to the payee; or

                     (b)  the payer of the liability has satisfactorily explained and rectified a failure to comply with his or her child support obligations in relation to a payee; or

                     (c)  there are special circumstances that exist in relation to the liability that make it appropriate to refuse the application.

             (6)  If the Registrar grants the application, the Registrar must:

                     (a)  vary the particulars relating to the liability in the Child Support Register by specifying a day (not later than 60 days after the day on which the Registrar received the application) as the day on which the liability again becomes enforceable under this Act; and

                     (b)  may make any variations to those particulars that the Registrar considers necessary or desirable:

                              (i)  to enable a court order or court registered maintenance agreement that varies or otherwise affects the liability to be given effect under this Act; or

                             (ii)  to take account of the happening of an affecting event in relation to the liability.

             (7)  The Registrar must not make a variation under subsection (6) by specifying a day that is included in a period that is a low‑income non‑enforcement period under section 37B in relation to the liability. If that day is included in that period, the Registrar must not take action under paragraph (6)(b) in relation to that day.

39A  Reversal of section 38A election or 38B decision—collection of arrears

When section applies

             (1)  This section applies if a payee applies under subsection 39(1) for a liability to again become enforceable under this Act.

Section 38A or 38B non‑enforcement period

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, the section 38A or 38B non‑enforcement period is the period:

                     (a)  beginning when the liability ceased to be enforceable under this Act as a result of the operation of section 38A or 38B; and

                     (b)  ending when the liability again becomes enforceable under this Act as a result of the operation of section 39.

Maximum arrears period

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, the maximum arrears period is the period:

                     (a)  beginning at whichever is the latest of the following times:

                              (i)  9 months before the end of the section 38A or 38B non‑enforcement period;

                             (ii)  the start of the section 38A or 38B non‑enforcement period;

                            (iii)  the commencement of this section; and

                     (b)  ending at the end of the section 38A or 38B non‑enforcement period.

Application by payee for enforcement of arrears

             (4)  The payee may apply to the Registrar, in the manner specified by the Registrar, for any unpaid amounts payable under the liability in relation to a specified period to be treated as arrears amounts for the purposes of this section. The specified period must:

                     (a)  consist of, or be included in, the maximum arrears period; and

                     (b)  end at the end of the maximum arrears period.

Note:          Section 16A provides for the Registrar to specify the manner in which an application may be made.

Registrar’s decision—arrears for 3 months or less

             (5)  If the specified period does not exceed 3 months, the Registrar must grant the payee’s application.

Registrar’s decision—arrears for more than 3 months

             (6)  If the specified period exceeds 3 months, then:

                     (a)  if the Registrar is satisfied that there are exceptional circumstances—the Registrar must grant the payee’s application; or

                     (b)  if:

                              (i)  the Registrar is not satisfied that there are exceptional circumstances; and

                             (ii)  unpaid amounts are payable under the liability in relation to the period of 3 months that ended at the end of the maximum arrears period;

                            the Registrar must:

                            (iii)  treat the payee’s application as if the specified period were the period of 3 months that ended at the end of the maximum arrears period; and

                            (iv)  grant the payee’s application; or

                     (c)  if:

                              (i)  the Registrar is not satisfied that there are exceptional circumstances; and

                             (ii)  no unpaid amounts are payable under the liability in relation to the period of 3 months that ended at the end of the maximum arrears period;

                            the Registrar must refuse to grant the payee’s application.

Consequences of successful application

             (7)  If the Registrar grants the payee’s application:

                     (a)  this Act has effect as if:

                              (i)  the unpaid amounts were payable under the liability in relation to the child support enforcement period that began immediately after the end of the section 38A or 38B non‑enforcement period; and

                             (ii)  the unpaid amounts became child support debts immediately after the end of the section 38A or 38B non‑enforcement period; and

                     (b)  the Registrar must make such variations to the particulars entered in the Child Support Register in relation to the liability as the Registrar considers necessary or desirable to give effect to this subsection.

Amounts that would have been credited under section 71C

             (8)  To avoid doubt, a reference in this section to an unpaid amount payable under a liability does not include a reference to any amount that would have been credited against that unpaid amount under section 71C if the liability had been an enforceable maintenance liability at all relevant times.

39B  Amounts not enforceable under this Act during periods when the payee is not the main provider of ongoing daily care for a child

When this section applies

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  at a particular time after the commencement of this section, the payee of an enforceable maintenance liability covered by subsection 17(1) is the main provider of ongoing daily care for a particular child covered by the liability; and

                     (b)  at a later time (the cessation time) the payee ceases to be the main provider of ongoing daily care for the child.

Overall non‑care period

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, the overall non‑care period is the period:

                     (a)  beginning at the cessation time; and

                     (b)  ending at whichever is the earlier of the following:

                              (i)  when the payee next resumes being the main provider of ongoing daily care for the child;

                             (ii)  when the liability ends.

Joint election by payer and payee

             (3)  During the overall non‑care period, the payer and payee may jointly elect, by applying to the Registrar in the manner specified by the Registrar, to have so much of the liability as is attributable to the child no longer enforced under this Act. The election takes effect at whichever of the following times is applicable:

                     (a)  if the election is made within 28 days after the start of the overall non‑care period—the start of the overall non‑care period;

                     (b)  in any other case—when the election is made.

However, the election does not take effect if the applicable time is included in a period that is a low‑income non‑enforcement period in relation to the liability for the purposes of section 37B.

Note:          Section 16A provides for the Registrar to specify the manner in which an application may be made.

Consequences of election under subsection (3)

             (4)  If an election is made under subsection (3):

                     (a)  if the child is the only child covered by the liability—the liability ceases to be enforceable under this Act after the applicable time; or

                     (b)  in any other case—this Act has effect in relation to the liability, after the applicable time, as if a reference in this Act to amounts payable under the liability did not include a reference to an amount attributable to the child.

Note:          Paragraph (4)(b) could result in the liability becoming partially unenforceable under this Act.

Reversal of election

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  so much of the liability as is attributable to the child is not enforceable under this Act because of an election made under subsection (3); and

                     (b)  the overall non‑care period ends;

the payer or the payee may elect, by applying to the Registrar in the manner specified by the Registrar, to have so much of the liability as is attributable to the child again become enforceable under this Act.

When reversal of election takes effect

             (6)  An election under subsection (5) takes effect at whichever of the following times is applicable:

                     (a)  if the election is made within 28 days after the end of the overall non‑care period—the end of the overall non‑care period;

                     (b)  in any other case—when the election is made.

However, the election does not take effect if the applicable time is included in a period that is a low‑income non‑enforcement period in relation to the liability for the purposes of section 37B.

Consequences of reversal of election

             (7)  An election under subsection (5) has effect accordingly.

Registrar to vary Register

             (8)  If an election is made under this section, the Registrar must, as soon as practicable, make such variations to the particulars entered in the Child Support Register in relation to the liability as the Registrar considers necessary or desirable to give effect to subsection (4) or (7), as the case requires.

Election form may include declaration

             (9)  A form of election made by a person or persons under this section may require the person or persons, as the case requires, to make a declaration about the circumstances relating to the beginning or end of the overall non‑care period.

Partial unenforceability

           (10)  A reference in this Act to a liability that is enforceable under this Act includes a reference to a liability that is partially unenforceable under this Act as a result of paragraph (4)(b).

40  Entry wrongly existing in Child Support Register

                   Where the Registrar is satisfied that an entry wrongly exists in the Child Support Register, the Registrar shall delete the entry from the Child Support Register.

41  Obsolete entries in Child Support Register

                   Where the Registrar is satisfied (whether because of the happening of a terminating event in relation to an enforceable maintenance liability or the length of time that has elapsed since a registered maintenance liability was an enforceable maintenance liability) that the entry in the Child Support Register in relation to the liability is obsolete, the Registrar may delete the entry from the Child Support Register.

42  Correction of clerical errors and other mistakes in Child Support Register

                   Where the Registrar is satisfied that a clerical error or other mistake exists in particulars entered in the Child Support Register in relation to a registered maintenance liability, the Registrar may vary the particulars for the purpose of correcting the error or mistake.

42A  Registrar may vary Child Support Register to change period entered under paragraph 26(2)(b) to reflect pay cycle

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the Registrar is collecting amounts due to the Commonwealth under, or in relation to a registered maintenance liability, by deduction from the salary or wages of the payer of the liability; and

                     (b)  the Registrar becomes aware, other than by means of a notice referred to in paragraph 42B(1)(a) or (b), that the period of the payer’s pay cycle is different from the payment period entered in the Child Support Register under paragraph 26(2)(b) in respect of the payer;

the Registrar may vary the particulars in the Child Support Register by deleting the period in the Register and substituting another payment period and start day of the period.

             (2)  The period that the Registrar must register in substitution is the payment period that reflects the payer’s pay cycle. The start day that the Registrar must register is the day specified by the Registrar as the start day of the period.

Note:          For payment period see subsection 4(1).

42B  Registrar may vary Child Support Register if payer’s pay cycle changes

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the Registrar receives:

                              (i)  a notice under subsection 47(1) from an employer who is making deduction from a payer’s salary or wages; or

                             (ii)  a notice from an payer under subsection 111(1) (Notification of commencement of employment); and

                     (b)  the notice indicates that the period of the payer’s pay cycle is different from the payment period entered in the Child Support Register under paragraph 26(2)(b) in respect of the payer;

the Registrar must, within 28 days of receiving the notice, vary the particulars in the Child Support Register by deleting the period and start day in the Register and substituting another payment period and start day.

             (2)  The period that the Registrar must register in substitution is the payment period that reflects the payer’s pay cycle. The start day that the Registrar must register is the day specified by the Registrar as the start day.

Note:          For payment period see subsection 4(1).


 

Division 4Notices in respect of registration decisions

42C  Notices must be given to payers and payees in relation to registration decisions

Notices must be given

             (1)  As soon as practicable after the Registrar:

                     (a)  registers a registrable maintenance liability under this Act; or

                     (b)  varies particulars entered in the Child Support Register in relation to a registrable maintenance liability;

the Registrar must serve on the payer and payee of the liability a notice in writing of the particulars entered in the Child Support Register in relation to the liability, unless notice of those particulars has already been given to the payer and the payee under the Assessment Act.

             (2)  As soon as practicable after the Registrar deletes an entry in relation to a registrable maintenance liability from the Child Support Register, the Registrar must serve a notice of the decision on the payer and payee.

             (3)  As soon as practicable after the Registrar makes an appealable refusal decision in relation to a registrable maintenance liability, the Registrar must serve a notice in writing of the decision on the payer and payee.

Content of notices

             (4)  Subject to section 42D (notices in relation to registrable overseas maintenance liabilities), a notice served on a person under this section in relation to a decision (the original decision) must include, or be accompanied by, a statement to the effect that:

                     (a)  the person may, subject to this Act, object to the original decision; and

                     (b)  if the person is dissatisfied by a later decision of the Registrar on an objection to the original decision (no matter who lodges the objection), the person may, subject to this Act, apply to the SSAT for review of the later decision.

             (5)  A contravention of subsection (4) in relation to a decision does not affect the validity of the decision.

42D  Content of notices in relation to registration decisions for registrable overseas maintenance liabilities

             (1)  In the case of a registrable overseas maintenance liability, a notice served on a person under section 42C must, if the reciprocating jurisdiction in which the liability arose provides for review of the liability, include, or be accompanied by, a statement to the effect that a person aggrieved by the decision notified under that section may seek review of the liability by a judicial or administrative authority of the jurisdiction.

             (2)  If the registrable maintenance liability:

                     (a)  arises under a maintenance order made by a judicial authority of a reciprocating jurisdiction (other than a prescribed reciprocating jurisdiction); or

                     (b)  arises under a maintenance assessment issued by an administrative authority of a reciprocating jurisdiction (other than a prescribed reciprocating jurisdiction);

subsections (3) and (4) also apply in relation to the notice given under section 42C.

             (3)  The notice served under section 42C on a person against whom the maintenance order or assessment was made must also include, or be accompanied by:

                     (a)  if the person:

                              (i)  did not have notice of the proceedings giving rise to the maintenance order or assessment; and

                             (ii)  did not appear in those proceedings; and

                            (iii)  did not consent to the making of the maintenance order or assessment;

                            a statement to the effect that, if the person makes an application under subregulation 36(2) of the Family Law Regulations 1984, the person may raise any matter that the person could have raised under Part VII or VIII of the Family Law Act 1975 if the proceedings giving rise to the maintenance order or assessment had been heard in Australia; or

                     (b)  in any other case—a statement to the effect that the person may make an application under subregulation 36(2) of the Family Law Regulations 1984.

             (4)  The notice served under section 42C on a person for whose benefit the maintenance order or assessment referred to in subsection (2) was made must also include, or be accompanied by, a statement to the effect that the person may make an application under subregulation 36(2) of the Family Law Regulations 1984.

             (5)  If the registrable maintenance liability arises under a maintenance agreement that has been registered by a judicial or administrative authority of a reciprocating jurisdiction (other than a prescribed reciprocating jurisdiction), subsection (6) also applies in relation to the notice given under section 42C.

             (6)  The notice served under section 42C on a person who is the payer or payee under a maintenance agreement must also include, or be accompanied by, a statement to the effect that the person may make an application under subregulation 36(2) of the Family Law Regulations 1984.

Note:          Regulation 38 of the Family Law Regulations 1984 affects the order that may be made under regulation 36 of those regulations.


 

Part IVCollection by deduction from salary or wages

Division 1Employer withholding

43  General rule of collection by automatic withholding in case of employees

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), where the payer of an enforceable maintenance liability is an employee, the Registrar shall, as far as practicable, collect amounts due to the Commonwealth under or in relation to the liability by deduction from the salary or wages of the payer under this Part.

             (2)  Subsection (1) applies in relation to an enforceable maintenance liability whether or not the particulars in the entry in the Child Support Register in relation to the liability contain a statement that employer withholding applies in relation to the liability, but does not apply in relation to the liability if, by virtue of section 44, the particulars contain a statement that employer withholding does not apply in relation to the liability.

44  Cases in which employer withholding not applicable

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the payer of an enforceable maintenance liability elects that employer withholding is not to apply in relation to the liability; and

                     (b)  the Registrar is satisfied that the payer is likely to make timely payments to the Registrar under the liability;

the Registrar must, within 28 days after receiving the election, vary the particulars of the entry in the Child Support Register in relation to the liability so that they contain a statement that employer withholding does not apply in relation to the liability.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the Registrar is about to register a registrable maintenance liability; and

                     (b)  either before or after becoming the payer, the person who is the payer elected that employer withholding is not to apply in relation to the liability; and

                     (c)  the Registrar is satisfied that the payer is likely to make timely payments to the Registrar under the liability;

the Registrar must, when registering the liability, include a statement that employer withholding does not apply in relation to the liability.

             (3)  An election under subsection (1) or (2) must be made to the Registrar in the manner specified by the Registrar.

Note:          Section 16A provides for the Registrar to specify the manner in which an election may be made.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  because of subsection (1) or (2), the particulars of the entry in the Child Support Register in relation to an enforceable maintenance liability contain a statement that employer withholding does not apply in relation to the liability; and

                     (b)  the payer does not make timely payments to the Registrar under the liability;

the Registrar must vary those particulars so that they contain a statement that employer withholding applies in relation to the liability.

          (5A)  The Registrar is not required to vary particulars under subsection (5) if the Registrar is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the collection of payments due under the liability by deduction from the salary or wages of the payer under this Part would not be an efficient method of collecting those payments; or

                     (b)  the payer is likely to recommence timely payments to the Registrar under the liability in the near future.

             (6)  Where the Registrar is satisfied that, in the special circumstances of a particular case, the collection of payments due under an enforceable maintenance liability by deduction from the salary or wages of the payer under this Part would not be an efficient method of collecting those payments, the Registrar may include in the particulars of the entry in the Child Support Register in relation to the liability a statement that employer withholding does not apply in relation to the liability or may vary those particulars so that they contain such a statement, as the case requires.

             (7)  If:

                     (a)  because of subsection (6), the particulars of the entry in the Child Support Register in relation to an enforceable maintenance liability contain a statement that employer withholding does not apply in relation to the liability; and

                     (b)  the payer does not make timely payments to the Registrar under the liability;

the Registrar must vary those particulars so that they contain a statement that employer withholding applies in relation to the liability.

          (7A)  The Registrar is not required to vary particulars under subsection (7) if the Registrar is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the collection of payments due under the liability by deduction from the salary or wages of the payer under this Part would not be an efficient method of collecting those payments; or

                     (b)  that the payer is likely to recommence timely payments to the Registrar under the liability in the near future.

          (7B)  A payer of an enforceable maintenance liability may not make an election under subsection (1) if, within the previous 6 months, employer withholding started to apply in relation to the liability because of a variation made under subsection (5) or (7).

          (7C)  If a payer of an enforceable maintenance liability has made an election under subsection (1) or (2) in relation to the liability that has been rejected by the Registrar, the payer may not make an election under subsection (1) in relation to the liability within 2 months after that rejection.

             (8)  Where:

                     (a)  by virtue of subsection (6), the particulars of the entry in the Child Support Register in relation to an enforceable maintenance liability contain a statement that employer withholding does not apply in relation to the liability; and

                     (b)  the Registrar becomes satisfied that the collection of payments due under the liability by deduction from the salary or wages of the payer under this Part would be an efficient method of collecting those payments;

the Registrar shall vary those particulars so that they contain a statement that employer withholding applies in relation to the liability.

             (9)  In determining for the purposes of subsections (5) to (8) (inclusive) whether the collection of payments due under an enforceable maintenance liability by deduction from the salary or wages of the payer under this Part would be an efficient method of collecting those payments, the Registrar shall have regard in particular to the need to ensure that the payments are received by the Registrar on a timely basis.

           (10)  If the period at which amounts are payable under an enforceable maintenance liability exceeds one month, the Registrar shall include in the particulars of the entry in the Child Support Registrar in relation to the liability a statement that employer withholding does not apply in relation to the liability.

45  Notification to be given to employer and employee

             (1)  The Registrar may, for the purpose of collecting amounts due to the Commonwealth under or in relation to an enforceable maintenance liability by deduction from the salary or wages of the payer under this Part, give a notice in writing to an employer of the payer:

                     (a)  specifying the name of the payer and other particulars of the payer sufficient to enable the payer to be identified by the employer; and

                     (b)  instructing the employer:

                              (i)  to make in accordance with section 46, as from a specified day, periodic deductions in accordance with the specified weekly deduction rate from salary or wages paid by the employer to the payer; and

                             (ii)  to pay to the Registrar in accordance with subsection 47(1) amounts so deducted.

             (2)  Where:

                     (a)  particulars entered in the Child Support Register in relation to an enforceable maintenance liability are varied; and

                     (b)  the Registrar is of the opinion that the revocation or variation of a notice in force under subsection (1) in relation to the liability is necessary or desirable to take account of the variations made to those particulars;

the Registrar shall forthwith give a notice in writing to the employer to whom the notice was given varying or revoking accordingly the earlier notice given to the employer.

          (2A)  Where the Registrar thinks that the variation of a notice in force under subsection (1) in relation to an enforceable maintenance liability is necessary or desirable for the purpose of collecting amounts already due to the Commonwealth under or in relation to the liability by deduction from the salary or wages of the payer under this Part, the Registrar must immediately give a written notice to the employer to whom the notice was given varying the notice accordingly.

             (3)  Where the Registrar gives a notice under subsection (1), (2) or (2A) to an employer in relation to the payer of an enforceable maintenance liability, the Registrar shall forthwith give a copy of the notice to the payer.

46  Duty of employer to make deductions from salary or wages

             (1)  Subject to this section, where an employer pays salary or wages to an employee in relation to whom a notice given to the employer under subsection 45(1) is in force, the employer shall, at the time of paying the salary or wages, make a deduction from the salary or wages in accordance with this section.

Penalty:  $1,000.

          (1A)  Subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

             (2)  Subject to subsection (4), the amount of the deduction is the amount ascertained by applying the weekly deduction rate specified in the notice to the period in relation to which the salary or wages are paid.

             (3)  Where the amount of the salary or wages is less than the amount (in subsection (4) called the protected earnings amount) ascertained by applying the protected earnings rate to the period in relation to which the salary or wages are paid, no deduction shall be made.

             (4)  Where the amount of the salary or wages exceeds the amount of the deduction that would, but for this subsection, be required to be made from the salary or wages by less than the protected earnings amount, the amount of the deduction is the amount by which the amount of the salary or wages exceeds the protected earnings amount.

             (5)  Where a person (in this subsection called the convicted person) is convicted before a court of an offence against subsection (1) in relation to the refusal or failure of the convicted person or another person to make a deduction from salary or wages in accordance with this section, the court may, in addition to imposing a penalty on the convicted person, order the convicted person to pay to the Registrar, as a debt due to the Commonwealth, an amount not exceeding the amount of the deduction.

             (6)  For the purposes of this section, where an employer pays an amount of salary or wages to an employee, then:

                     (a)  if the amount is paid in relation to piece‑work performed by the employee or in relation to services rendered under a contract that is wholly or principally for the labour of the employee—the amount shall be taken to be paid in relation to the period:

                              (i)  that began when the work or services began; and

                             (ii)  that ended when the work or services ended;

                     (b)  if the amount is paid in relation to any other work performed or services rendered, but not in relation to a particular period—the amount shall be taken to be paid in relation to the period of 52 weeks preceding the day on which the amount is paid; and

                     (c)  if the employee is entitled to be paid the amount in relation to a period of longer than one week—the employer shall be deemed to have paid an amount of salary or wages to the employee in relation to each week or part of a week in the period, being the amount ascertained by dividing the amount of salary or wages in fact paid by the number of days in the period and multiplying the resultant amount:

                              (i)  in the case of each week—by 7; and

                             (ii)  in the case of a part of a week—by the number of days in the part of the week.

             (7)  Where salary or wages for a week or part of a week is or are paid by an employer in 2 or more separate amounts, all the amounts shall, for the purposes of this section, be aggregated, and the employer may make the deduction wholly from one amount or partly from 2 or more amounts.

             (8)  For the purposes of subsections (3) and (4), the amount of any salary or wages shall be taken to be the amount of the salary or wages after amounts (if any) that are required to be withheld from the salary or wages under Part 2‑5 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 have been withheld.

             (9)  Subsection (1) has, and is taken to have had, no effect to the extent (if any) that it is inconsistent with paragraph 72(iii) or 103(iii) of the Constitution.

47  Additional duties of employers

             (1)  An employer who has during any month made deductions under this Part shall, not later than the seventh day of the following month:

                     (a)  pay to the Registrar the amounts so deducted; and

                     (b)  give notice to the Registrar in the manner specified by the Registrar.

Penalty:  $5,000 or imprisonment for 12 months, or both.

Note:          Section 16A provides for the Registrar to specify the manner in which a notice may be given.

          (1A)  Where:

                     (a)  a notice given to an employer under subsection 45(1) in relation to an employee is in force at any time during a month; and

                     (b)  the employer does not during the month make deductions under this Part in relation to the employee;

the employer must, not later than the seventh day of the following month, give to the Registrar notice in the manner specified by the Registrar.

Penalty:  $1,000.

             (2)  When an employer makes a payment of salary or wages to an employee in relation to whom a notice given to the employer under subsection 45(1) is in force, the employer shall notify the employee, in writing:

                     (a)  of the amount of the deduction made under this Part from the salary or wages; or

                     (b)  that no deduction has been made under this Part from the salary or wages;

as the case requires.

Penalty:  $1,000.

             (3)  Where, in any month, an employee in relation to whom a notice given to an employer under subsection 45(1) is in force ceases to be an employee of the employer, the employer shall, not later than the seventh day of the following month, notify the Registrar in the manner specified by the Registrar.

Penalty:  $500.

          (3A)  Subsections (1A), (2) and (3) are offences of strict liability.

             (4)  The Registrar may, by notice in writing served on an employer, vary in relation to the employer, in such instances and to such extent as the Registrar thinks fit, any of the requirements of subsections (1), (1A), (2) and (3).

48  Two or more employers in relation to one employee

                   Where a person who is the payer of an enforceable maintenance liability is in receipt of salary or wages from 2 or more employers, the Registrar may:

                     (a)  treat any one of the employers as the only employer for the purposes of this Part; or

                     (b)  apply sections 46 and 47 in relation to any 2 or more of the employers with such modifications as the Registrar considers appropriate, being modifications made for the purpose of ensuring that the amounts collected under this Part in relation to the liability are, in the aggregate, the same as those that would be collected in relation to the liability if the payer had only one employer.

49  Discharge of payer’s liability to Registrar and employer’s liability to payer

                   Where an employer deducts an amount under this Part from the salary or wages of the payer of an enforceable maintenance liability:

                     (a)  the payer is, to the extent of the amount deducted, discharged from the payer’s liability to make payments to the Registrar under or in relation to the liability, as the case requires; and

                     (b)  the employer is discharged from liability to pay the amount to any person other than the Registrar.

50  Payment by trustees of deducted amounts

             (1)  Where:

                     (a)  an amount is payable to the Registrar by an employer under subsection 47(1) (including that subsection as varied under subsection 47(4)); and

                     (b)  the property of the employer has become vested in, or the control of the property of the employer has passed to, a trustee;

the trustee is liable to pay the amount to the Registrar.

             (2)  Notwithstanding any other law of the Commonwealth or any law of a State or Territory:

                     (a)  an amount payable to the Registrar by a trustee under subsection (1) has priority over all other debts (other than amounts payable under former subsection 221YHZD(3) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936), whether preferential, secured or unsecured;

                     (b)  where an amount is payable by a trustee to the Registrar under former subsection 221YHZD(3) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936, an amount payable by the trustee under subsection (1) of this section ranks equally with the amount payable under whichever of those subsections is applicable in priority to all other debts, whether preferential, secured or unsecured.

Note:          The subsection of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b) do not apply to liabilities arising after 30 June 1993.

             (3)  Where a trustee, being a trustee of an estate of a bankrupt or a liquidator of a company that is being wound up, is liable to pay an amount to the Registrar under subsection (1), subsection (2) does not have the effect that the amount is payable in priority to any costs, charges or expenses of the administration of the estate or of the winding up of the company (including costs of a creditor or other person on whose petition the sequestration order or the winding up order (if any) was made and the remuneration of the trustee) that are lawfully payable out of the assets of the estate or of the company except where, in the case of the winding up of a company, the Crown in right of a State or of the Northern Territory or Norfolk Island or any other creditor is entitled to payment of a debt by the liquidator, in priority to all or any of those costs, charges and expenses and has not waived that priority.


 

Division 2Penalties

51  Penalty for late remittance of deductions

                   Where an amount (in this section called the principal amount) payable to the Registrar by an employer other than the Commonwealth under subsection 47(1) (including that subsection as varied under subsection 47(4)) remains unpaid after the time by which it is required to be paid:

                     (a)  the principal amount continues to be payable by the employer to the Registrar; and

                     (b)  the employer is liable to pay to the Registrar, by way of penalty:

                              (i)  in a case where the employer is a government body—an amount at the rate of 20% per annum on so much of the principal amount as remains unpaid, computed from that time; and

                             (ii)  in any other case:

                                        (A)  an amount (in this subparagraph called the relevant penalty amount) equal to 20% of the principal amount; and

                                        (B)  an amount at the rate of 20% per annum on so much of the principal amount as remains unpaid and so much of the relevant penalty amount as remains unpaid, computed from that time.

52  Penalty for failure etc. to make deductions from salary or wages

                   Where an employer other than the Commonwealth contravenes subsection 46(1) in relation to a payment of salary or wages, the employer is liable to pay to the Registrar, by way of penalty:

                     (a)  an amount equal to 20% per annum of so much of the amount that the employer refused or failed to deduct from the payment (in this section called the undeducted amount) as remains unpaid, computed from the end of the period within which, had the employer deducted the undeducted amount, the employer would have been required to pay the undeducted amount to the Registrar; and

                     (b)  in the case of an employer other than a government body—an amount equal to the undeducted amount.

53  Penalty in relation to certain unexplained remittances by employers

                   Where:

                     (a)  the Registrar receives an amount under paragraph 47(1)(a) from an employer other than the Commonwealth in relation to a month;

                     (b)  the employer contravenes paragraph 47(1)(b) in relation to the month; and

                     (c)  an amount (in this section called the appropriated amount) is required to be credited to the Account under paragraph 78(3)(d) in relation to the employer in relation to the month;

the employer is liable to pay to the Registrar, by way of penalty, an amount equal to the appropriated amount.

54  Remission of certain penalty amounts

             (1)  Where an amount (in this section called the late payment penalty) is payable by an employer under subparagraph 51(b)(i), sub‑subparagraph 51(b)(ii)(B) or paragraph 52(a) in relation to another amount (in this subsection called the principal amount) that has not been paid and:

                     (a)  the Registrar is satisfied that:

                              (i)  the circumstances that contributed to the delay in payment of the principal amount were not due to, or caused directly or indirectly by, an act or omission of the employer; and

                             (ii)  the employer has taken reasonable action to mitigate, or mitigate the effects of, those circumstances;

                     (b)  the Registrar is satisfied that:

                              (i)  the circumstances that contributed to the delay in payment of the principal amount were due to, or caused directly or indirectly by, an act or omission of the employer;

                             (ii)  the employer has taken reasonable action to mitigate, or mitigate the effects of, those circumstances; and

                            (iii)  having regard to the nature of those circumstances, it would be fair and reasonable to remit the late payment penalty or part of the late payment penalty; or

                     (c)  the Registrar is satisfied that there are special circumstances by reason of which it would be fair and reasonable to remit the late payment penalty or part of the late payment penalty;

the Registrar may remit the late payment penalty or part of the late payment penalty.

             (2)  The Registrar may remit the whole or part of any amount payable by an employer under sub‑subparagraph 51(b)(ii)(A), paragraph 52(b) or section 53.

Notices of decisions

             (3)  If the Registrar makes a decision under subsection (1) or (2):

                     (a)  to remit only part of a penalty; or

                     (b)  not to remit any part of a penalty;

the Registrar must serve written notice of the decision on the person by whom the penalty is, or but for the remission would be, payable.

             (4)  The notice must include, or be accompanied by, a statement to the effect that:

                     (a)  the person may, subject to this Act, object to the decision (the original decision); and

                     (b)  if the person is dissatisfied by a later decision of the Registrar on an objection to the original decision, the person may, subject to this Act, apply to the SSAT for review of the later decision.

             (5)  A contravention of subsection (4) in relation to a decision does not affect the validity of the decision.

55  Reduction of late payment penalty where judgment debt carries interest

             (1)  Where judgment is given by, or entered in, a court for the payment of:

                     (a)  the whole or a part of a principal amount; or

                     (b)  an amount that includes the whole or a part of a principal amount;

then:

                     (c)  the principal amount or the part of the principal amount, as the case may be, shall not be taken, for the purposes of subparagraph 51(b)(i), sub‑subparagraph 51(b)(ii)(B) or paragraph 52(a), as the case may be, to have ceased to be due and payable merely because of the giving or entering of the judgment; and

                     (d)  if the judgment debt carries interest, the amount that would, but for this paragraph, be payable under whichever of those provisions is applicable in relation to the principal amount or the part of the principal amount shall, by force of this paragraph, be reduced by:

                              (i)  in a case to which paragraph (a) applies—the amount of the interest; or

                             (ii)  in a case to which paragraph (b) applies—an amount that bears the same proportion to the amount of the interest as the principal amount, or the part of the principal amount, bears to the amount of the judgment debt.

             (2)  In subsection (1), principal amount means:

                     (a)  an amount of the kind referred to in section 51 as the principal amount;

                     (b)  an amount of the kind referred to in subparagraph 51(b)(ii) as the relevant penalty amount; or

                     (c)  an amount of the kind referred to in section 52 as the undeducted amount.

56  Penalty to be alternative to prosecution for certain offences against Part

             (1)  Where:

                     (a)  but for this subsection, an amount is payable, by way of penalty, by a person to the Registrar under this Part because of an act or omission of the person; and

                     (b)  a prosecution is instituted against the person for an offence against this Part constituted by the act or omission;

the amount is not payable unless and until the prosecution is withdrawn.

             (2)  Where:

                     (a)  a person is liable to pay, by way of penalty, an amount (in this subsection called the penalty amount) to the Registrar under this Part because of an act or omission of the person;

                     (b)  an amount (in this subsection called the credited amount) is paid, or applied by the Registrar, in total or partial discharge of the liability; and

                     (c)  a prosecution is instituted against the person for an offence against this Part constituted by the act or omission;

the credited amount shall be refunded to the person, or applied by the Registrar in total or partial discharge of a debt due to the Commonwealth by the person under this Act, but, if the prosecution is withdrawn, the person again becomes liable to pay the penalty amount.


 

Division 3Provisions applicable to employers

57  Employers not to prejudice employees because of registrable maintenance liabilities etc.

             (1)  An employer who:

                     (a)  refuses to employ, or to pay salary or wages to, another person;

                     (b)  dismisses, or threatens to dismiss, another person from the other person’s employment;

                     (c)  terminates, or threatens to terminate, the payment of salary or wages to another person;

                     (d)  prejudices, or threatens to prejudice, another person in the other person’s employment or otherwise in the receipt of salary or wages; or

                     (e)  intimidates or coerces, imposes any pecuniary or other penalty on, or takes any other disciplinary action in relation to, another person;

because the other person:

                      (f)  is the payer of a registrable maintenance liability; or

                     (g)  is an employee in relation to whom a notice has been given to the employer under subsection 45(1);

is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by a fine not exceeding $2,000.

          (1A)  Strict liability applies to the element of an offence against subsection (1) that a notice is a notice given under subsection 45(1).

             (2)  In a prosecution for an offence against subsection (1), it is not necessary for the prosecutor to prove the reason for the defendant’s action, but it is a defence to the prosecution if the defendant proves, on the balance of probabilities, that the action was not motivated (either in whole or in part) by a reason specified in that subsection.

             (3)  Where an employer is convicted of an offence against subsection (1) constituted by an act done in relation to a person, the court may:

                     (a)  order the payment of compensation to the person for loss or damage suffered as a result of the act; and

                     (b)  order the taking of action to remedy or reduce the loss or damage suffered by the person as a result of the act.

58  Employers not to disclose information etc.

             (1)  Any person who is or has been:

                     (a)  an employer; or

                     (b)  a person employed by, or performing services for, an employer;

must not, directly or indirectly, divulge or communicate to a second person any information in relation to the affairs of a third person, being information disclosed or obtained under or for the purposes of this Part and acquired by the person because of, or in the course of, the performance of the employer’s duties under this Part.

Penalty:  $1,000.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the information is divulged or communicated for the purposes of this Part or otherwise in connection with the performance of the employer’s duties under this Part or in connection with the carrying on of the employer’s affairs.

             (3)  Strict liability applies to the element of an offence against subsection (1) that a disclosure or obtaining of information is a disclosure or obtaining under or for the purposes of this Part.

59  Records to be kept and preserved by employers

             (1)  An employer shall:

                     (a)  keep records that record and explain:

                              (i)  all amounts deducted, or required to be deducted, from salary or wages under section 46; and

                             (ii)  other acts engaged in by the employer, or required to be engaged in by the employer, under this Part; and

                     (b)  retain those records for a period of 5 years.

             (2)  The records shall be kept:

                     (a)  in writing in the English language or so as to enable the records to be readily accessible and convertible into writing in the English language; and

                     (b)  so as to enable the matters and acts referred to in paragraph (1)(a) to be readily ascertained.

             (3)  Nothing in this section shall be taken to require a person to retain records where:

                     (a)  the Registrar has notified the person that retention of the records is not required; or

                     (b)  the person is a company that has gone into liquidation and has been finally dissolved.

             (4)  Subsections (1) and (2) are offences of strict liability.

Penalty:  $2,000.

60  Incorrectly keeping records etc.

             (1)  Where an employer who is required by section 59 to keep records keeps them in such a way that they do not correctly record and explain the matters or acts to which they relate, the employer is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by a fine not exceeding $2,000.

          (1A)  Subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

             (2)  In a prosecution of an employer for an offence against subsection (1), it is a defence if the employer proves that the employer:

                     (a)  did not know; and

                     (b)  could not reasonably be expected to have known;

that the record to which the prosecution relates did not correctly record and explain the matter or act to which the record relates.

61  Access to premises etc.

             (1)  For the purposes of the application of this Part in relation to an employer, an officer authorised in writing by the Registrar to exercise powers under this section:

                     (a)  may, at all reasonable times, enter and remain on any land or premises;

                     (b)  is allowed free access at all reasonable times to all documents; and

                     (c)  may inspect, examine, make copies of, or take extracts from, any document.

             (2)  An officer is not entitled to enter or remain on any land or premises under this section if, on being requested by the occupier of the land or premises for proof of authority, the officer does not produce an authority in writing signed by the Registrar stating that the officer is authorised to exercise powers under this section.

             (3)  A person is guilty of an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is an occupier of land or premises entered or proposed to be entered by an officer; and

                     (b)  the person does not provide the officer with all reasonable facilities and assistance that the occupier is reasonably capable of providing; and

                     (c)  the person does not do so in circumstances where the officer is exercising his or her powers under this section.

Penalty:  $1,000.

             (4)  Strict liability applies to paragraph (3)(c).

62  Public officer of company

             (1)  The person who is, from time to time, the public officer of a company for the purposes of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 is the public officer of the company for the purposes of this Act, and the address for service of the public officer under that Act is the address for service under this Act.

             (2)  Service of any document or requisition at the address for service of the public officer, or on the public officer, is sufficient service on the company for the purposes of this Act, but, if at any time there is not a public officer of the company, service on any person acting or appearing to act in the business of the company is sufficient.

             (3)  The public officer is answerable for the doing of all acts required to be done by the company under this Act, and in case of default is liable to the same penalties.

             (4)  Everything done by the public officer that the public officer is required to do in that capacity shall be deemed to have been done by the company.

             (5)  If, at any time, there is not a public officer of the company, this Act applies in relation to the company as if there were no requirement to appoint a public officer of the company.

             (6)  Any proceedings under this Act (including proceedings for an offence against this Act) taken against the public officer shall be deemed to have been taken against the company, and the company is liable jointly with the public officer for any penalty imposed on the public officer.

             (7)  Notwithstanding subsections (1) to (6) (inclusive) and without affecting any of the obligations and liabilities of the public officer, any notice, process or proceeding that under this Act may be given to, served on or taken against the company or public officer may, if the Registrar thinks fit, be given to, served on or taken against any director, secretary or other officer of the company or any attorney or agent of the company, and the director, secretary, officer, attorney or agent has the same liability in relation to the notice, process or proceeding as the company or public officer would have had if it had been given to, served on or taken against the company or public officer.

63  Public officer of trust estate

             (1)  The person who is, from time to time, the public officer of a trust estate for the purposes of section 252A of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 is the public officer of the trust estate for the purposes of this Act, and the address for service of the public officer under that Act is the address for service of the public officer under this Act.

             (2)  Service of any document or requisition at the address for service of the public officer, or on the public officer, is sufficient service on the trustee of the trust estate for the purposes of this Act, but, if at any time there is not a public officer of the trust estate, service on any person acting or appearing to act on the business of the trust estate is sufficient.

             (3)  The public officer is answerable for the doing of all acts required to be done by the trustee of the trust estate under this Act, and in case of default is liable to the same penalties.

             (4)  Everything done by the public officer that the public officer is required to do in that capacity shall be deemed to have been done by the trustee of the trust estate.

             (5)  If, at any time, there is not a public officer of the trust estate, this Act applies in relation to the trustee of the trust estate as if there were no requirement to appoint a public officer of the trust estate.

             (6)  Any proceedings under this Act (including proceedings for an offence against this Act) taken against the public officer shall be deemed to have been taken against the trustee of the trust estate, and the trustee shall be liable jointly with the public officer for any penalty imposed on the public officer.

             (7)  Notwithstanding subsections (1) to (6) (inclusive) and without affecting any of the obligations and liabilities of the public officer, any notice, process or proceeding that under this Act may be given to, served on or taken against the trustee or public officer of the trust estate may, if the Registrar thinks fit, be given to, served on or taken against any agent or attorney of the trustee, and the agent or attorney has the same liability in relation to the notice, process or proceeding as the trustee or public officer would have had if it had been given to, served on or taken against the trustee or public officer.


 

Division 4Miscellaneous

64  Amounts payable under Part debts due to Commonwealth

                   An amount payable to the Registrar under this Part is a debt due to the Commonwealth.

65  Application of amounts paid or credited where 2 or more debts due

                   Where:

                     (a)  2 or more debts are due to the Commonwealth by an employer under this Part;

                     (b)  an amount is paid to or to be credited by the Registrar, or an amount is paid to and an amount is to be credited by the Registrar, in relation to all or any of the debts; and

                     (c)  the total amount of the debts exceeds the amount so paid or to be credited or the sum of the amounts so paid and to be credited, as the case may be;

the Registrar may, in spite of any direction given by or on behalf of the employer:

                     (d)  apply the amount, or the sum of the amounts, in partial discharge of the total amount of the debts; and

                     (e)  recover the amount by which the total amount of the debts exceeds the amount or the sum of the amounts;

without allocating the amount, or the sum of the amounts, towards the discharge of any particular debt or debts.


 

Division 5Application of this Part to those engaged under a contract for services

65AA  Application of this Part to those engaged under a contract for services

                   This Part applies to a person (the independent contractor) engaged under a contract for services as if:

                     (a)  a reference to an employee includes a reference to the independent contractor; and

                     (b)  a reference to an employer of the employee includes a reference to the person who engages the independent contractor; and

                     (c)  a reference to refusing to employ a person includes a reference to refusing to engage a person under a contract for services; and

                     (d)  if a person is an employer and also engages an independent contractor—the reference in section 65 to an employer includes the person in both of those capacities.


 

Part IVAElection available to payers who make voluntary payments of maintenance liabilities

  

65A  Election under this Part

             (1)  If the Registrar is not going to collect amounts due to the Commonwealth under, or in relation to, an enforceable maintenance liability by deduction from the salary or wages of the payer of the liability, the payer may elect that the payment period entered in the Child Support Register in respect of the liability under paragraph 26(2)(b) be changed.

             (2)  In making the election, the payer must:

                     (a)  specify a payment period; and

                     (b)  specify the day from which the period starts.

             (3)  An election made under subsection (1) must be made in the manner specified by the Registrar.

Example 1: The payer elects a 4 week period as the payment period. The payer elects that the start day of the period will be 8 July which is a Wednesday. Therefore the period will end 4 weeks later on a Tuesday.

Example 2: The payer elects a period of a calendar month as the payment period. The payer elects that the start day will be 16 October. Therefore the period will end on 15 November. If the payer elects that the start day will be 31 January, the period will end on 28 February.

Note:          Section 16A provides for the Registrar to specify the manner in which an election may be made.

65B  Registrar to act on election

                   If:

                     (a)  a payer of an enforceable maintenance liability makes an election of a kind set out in section 65A; and

                     (b)  the Registrar is satisfied that it will be more convenient for the payer to accrue debts in relation to the elected period instead of the period in the Child Support Register;

the Registrar must, within 28 days of receiving the election, vary the particulars of the entry in the Register in relation to the payment period by:

                     (c)  substituting the elected period; and

                     (d)  entering in the Register the specified day as the day from which the period starts.


 

Part VPayment and recovery of child support debts

  

66  When child support debts become payable

             (1)  An amount that becomes a child support debt in respect of a day in an initial period is due and payable on the seventh day of the month following that day.

             (2)  An amount that becomes a child support debt in respect of a payment period is due and payable on the seventh day after the end of the period.

Note:          For initial period and payment period see subsection 4(1).

             (3)  An amount payable under subsection (1) or (2), in respect of a day in an initial period or payment period in a year of income, is taken to be paid at the time that the amount becomes due and payable, to the extent that a remaining lump sum payment will be credited, under section 69A, at the end of the year of income against that amount.

67  Penalty for late payment of child support debts

             (1)  If a child support debt in respect of a payment period remains unpaid after the time when it became due and payable, the person liable to pay the debt is liable to pay to the Registrar, by way of penalty, whichever of the following amounts applies:

                     (a)  if the payment period is a week—an amount calculated on the balance outstanding each week at a weekly rate equal to 1/52 of the relevant annual rate;

                     (b)  if the payment period is a fortnight—an amount calculated on the balance outstanding each fortnight at a fortnightly rate equal to 1/26 of the relevant annual rate;

                     (c)  if the payment period is a 4 week period—an amount calculated on the balance outstanding each four weeks at a four weekly rate equal to 4/52 of the relevant annual rate;

                     (d)  if the payment period is a month or a calendar month—an amount calculated on the balance outstanding each month or calendar month at a monthly rate equal to 1/12 of the relevant annual rate.

       (1AA)  If a child support debt in respect of a day in an initial period remains unpaid after the time when it became due and payable, the person liable to pay the debt is liable to pay to the Registrar, by way of penalty, an amount calculated on the balance outstanding each month at a monthly rate equal to 1/12 of the relevant annual rate.

          (1A)  For the purposes of subsections (1) and (1AA), the balance outstanding is the total amount of one or more child support debts remaining unpaid.

             (2)  An amount payable to the Registrar under subsection (1) or (1AA) is a debt due to the Commonwealth.

             (3)  In this section:

relevant annual rate means the rate that is from time to time the general interest charge rate under subsection 8AAD(1) of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

67A  Due date of certain debts for the purposes of calculating penalty

                   For the purposes of section 67, if:

                     (a)  the Registrar has entered an initial period in the Register under paragraph 26(2)(a) in respect of a liability; and

                     (b)  a child support debt in respect of a payment period for the liability becomes due and payable on a particular day (the payment period due day); and

                     (c)  the payment period due day occurs before any day on which a child support debt in respect of a day in the initial period for the liability is due and payable;

the child support debt in respect of the payment period is taken to have become due and payable on the day on which a child support debt in respect of the last day in the initial period is due and payable.

68  Remission of late payment penalty

             (1)  If an amount (in this section called the late payment penalty) is payable by a person under section 67 in relation to a child support debt and:

                     (a)  the Registrar is satisfied that:

                              (i)  the circumstances that contributed to the delay in payment of the debt were not due to, or caused directly or indirectly by, an act or omission of the person; and

                             (ii)  the person has taken reasonable action to mitigate, or mitigate the effects of, those circumstances; or

                     (b)  the Registrar is satisfied that:

                              (i)  the circumstances that contributed to the delay in payment of the debt were due to, or caused directly or indirectly by, an act or omission of the person; and

                             (ii)  the person has taken reasonable action to mitigate, or mitigate the effects of, those circumstances; and

                            (iii)  having regard to the nature of those circumstances, it would be fair and reasonable to remit the late payment penalty or part of the late payment penalty; or

                     (c)  the Registrar is satisfied that there are special circumstances by reason of which it would be fair and reasonable to remit the late payment penalty or part of the late payment penalty;

the Registrar may remit the late payment penalty or part of the late payment penalty.

Notices of decisions

             (2)  If the Registrar makes a decision under subsection (1):

                     (a)  to remit only part of a penalty; or

                     (b)  not to remit any part of a penalty;

the Registrar must serve written notice of the decision on the person by whom the penalty is, or but for the remission would be, payable.

             (3)  The notice must include, or be accompanied by, a statement to the effect that:

                     (a)  the person may, subject to this Act, object to the decision (the original decision); and

                     (b)  if the person is dissatisfied by a later decision of the Registrar on an objection to the original decision, the person may, subject to this Act, apply to the SSAT for review of the later decision.

             (4)  A contravention of subsection (3) in relation to a decision does not affect the validity of the decision.

69  Reduction of late payment penalty where judgment debt carries interest

                   Where judgment is given by, or entered in, a court for payment of:

                     (a)  a child support debt; or

                     (b)  an amount that includes a child support debt;

then:

                     (c)  the debt shall not be taken, for the purposes of subsection 67(1), to have ceased to be due and payable merely because of the giving or entering of the judgment; and

                     (d)  if the judgment debt carries interest, the amount that would, but for this paragraph, be payable under that subsection in relation to the debt shall, by force of this paragraph, be reduced by:

                              (i)  in a case to which paragraph (a) applies—the amount of the interest; or

                             (ii)  in a case to which paragraph (b) applies—an amount that bears the same proportion to the amount of the interest as the amount of the debt bears to the amount of the judgment debt.

69A  Crediting of lump sum payments

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  a child support agreement accepted by the Registrar includes lump sum payment provisions in accordance with paragraph 84(1)(e) of the Assessment Act; or

                             (ii)  a court has made an order under section 123A of that Act in relation to the provision of child support in the form of a lump sum payment; and

                     (b)  the Registrar has been notified that the lump sum payment has been paid in accordance with the agreement or order.

             (2)  The Registrar must, in accordance with subsection (3):

                     (a)  in respect of a day in an initial period, or in respect of a day in a payment period, in a year of income, for a registered maintenance liability, credit the remaining lump sum payment against:

                              (i)  if the agreement or order states that the lump sum payment is to be credited against a specified percentage of the amount payable under the liability—that percentage of the amount payable under the liability; and

                             (ii)  if subparagraph (i) does not apply—100% of the amount payable under the liability; and

                     (b)  reduce, but not below nil, the remaining lump sum payment by the amount so credited.

             (3)  The Registrar must credit a remaining lump sum payment and reduce the remaining lump sum payment at the end of each year of income.

             (4)  The remaining lump sum payment, in relation to the lump sum payment paid under the agreement or order, means:

                     (a)  for the first day after the agreement is accepted or the order is made—the lump sum payment; and

                     (b)  for 1 July in a year of income (except if that 1 July is covered by paragraph (a))—the remaining lump sum payment for the previous day as indexed under subsection (5); and

                     (c)  otherwise—so much of the remaining lump sum payment as remains after crediting under the previous application of this section.

             (5)  The remaining lump sum payment, for 1 July in a year of income, is indexed as follows:

where:

base quarter means the March quarter (before the March quarter for the previous year of income, but after the agreement is accepted or the order is made) with the highest index number.

indexation factor means:

index number for a quarter is the All Groups Consumer Price Index number that is the weighted average of the 8 capital cities and is published by the Australian Statistician in respect of that quarter.

March quarter means the quarter ending on 31 March.

             (6)  If an indexation factor worked out under subsection (5) would be less than 1, the indexation factor is to be increased to 1.

             (7)  Subject to subsection (8), if at any time (whether before or after the commencement of this subsection), the Australian Statistician publishes an index number for a quarter in substitution for an index number previously published by the Australian Statistician for that quarter, the publication of the later index number is to be disregarded for the purposes of subsection (5).

             (8)  If at any time the Australian Statistician changes the reference base for the Consumer Price Index, regard is to be had, for the purposes of applying subsection (5) after the change takes place, only to index numbers published in terms of the new reference base.

70  Apportionment of payment between payees

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  2 or more child support debts are owing by a person; and

                     (b)  the debts relate to 2 or more enforceable maintenance liabilities with different payees; and

                     (c)  an amount is paid to the Registrar in relation to all or any of the debts; and

                     (d)  the total amount of the debts exceeds the amount paid to the Registrar;

the Registrar must, despite any direction given by or on behalf of the person, apportion the amount of the payment between the payees in proportion to the amount of the debt owing in relation to each payee, and apply the amounts so apportioned in partial discharge of each of those debts.

             (2)  This section does not apply to amounts paid to the Registrar in accordance with a court order made in relation to a proceeding instituted by a payee of a registered maintenance liability under section 113A to recover a debt due in relation to the liability.

71  Direct payments to payee

             (1)  Subject to section 71D, if:

                     (a)  the payee of an enforceable maintenance liability receives from the payer an amount intended by both the payer and the payee to be paid in complete or partial satisfaction of an amount payable under the liability in relation to the child support enforcement period; and

                     (b)  the payer or the payee applies to the Registrar to have the amount received by the payee treated as having been paid to the Registrar;

the Registrar shall, in spite of section 30, credit the amount received by the payee against the amount payable under the enforceable maintenance liability.

             (2)  An application must be made in the manner specified by the Registrar.

Note:          Section 16A provides for the Registrar to specify the manner in which an application may be made.

             (3)  This section does not apply to an enforceable maintenance liability of a kind referred to in paragraph 18A(3)(a).

71AA  Registrar may offset child support debts between payer and payee

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  2 persons each have a child support debt arising from a liability referred to in section 17 or 17A; and

                     (b)  in respect of each debt, the Commonwealth would be required, under section 76, to pay the amount paid by one of the persons to the other person; and

                     (c)  for a debt that arose from a liability referred to in section 17—the liability provided for child support for a child of the 2 persons;

the Registrar may offset the debts by deducting the amount, or part of the amount, of the debt of the person who owes the lesser amount from the amount of the debt of the person who owes the greater amount.

             (2)  If the amount of the debts is the same, the Registrar may offset one debt against the other. In this case, the Commonwealth is taken to have recovered both of the debts.

             (3)  If the amount of the debts is not the same, the Commonwealth is taken to have recovered:

                     (a)  so much of the amount of the smaller debt as is offset against the larger debt; and

                     (b)  so much of the amount of the larger debt that equals the amount of the smaller debt as is offset.

             (4)  Any amounts recovered by the Commonwealth by way of offset are taken to be:

                     (a)  paid by the payer to the Registrar under the registered maintenance liability concerned; and

                     (b)  paid by the Commonwealth to the payee as provided for in this Act.

Example:    Offset of part of a debt

                   Helena was previously the payer of a registrable maintenance liability. Helena’s children have now come to live with her. Helena has the greater debt of $3,000 from the period when she was a child support payer. Even though the children are no longer living with Theo, he is entitled to $3,000 in child support when Helena pays it.

                   Theo has now been assessed as having a child support liability. Under that liability, Theo has a debt of $150 in respect of a month.

                   The Registrar offsets $100 of the debt (part of it only) that became due and payable by Theo against the amount owed by Helena. The effect of the offset is that Helena is taken to have paid $100 per month. Theo is taken to have paid $100 of his liability to pay $150. Under the liability, Theo must pay $50 for that month.

                   Each time a debt incurred by Theo under the liability becomes due and payable it may be offset against the remainder of Helena’s debt.

71A  Payments to third persons by payer

             (1)  Subject to section 71D, if:

                     (a)  the payer of an enforceable maintenance liability pays a third party an amount that partially or completely satisfies a debt owed by:

                              (i)  the payee of the enforceable maintenance liability; or

                             (ii)  the payer; or

                            (iii)  both the payer and payee; and

                     (b)  the payer or the payee applies to the Registrar, in the manner specified by the Registrar, to have the amount, or part of the amount, received by the third party treated as having been paid to the Registrar; and

                     (c)  the amount paid, or a part of the amount paid, was intended by both the payer and the payee to be paid in complete or partial satisfaction of an amount payable under the enforceable maintenance liability in relation to the child support enforcement period;

the Registrar must, in spite of section 30 and in accordance with subsections (2) and (3), credit the amount, or part of the amount, received by the third party against the amount payable under the enforceable maintenance liability.

Note:          Section 16A provides for the Registrar to specify the manner in which an application may be made.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the application referred to in paragraph (1)(b) specifies that the amount, or part of the amount, received by the third party is to be credited against a specified percentage (that is less than 100%) of the amount payable under the liability; and

                     (b)  the Registrar is satisfied that the payer and the payee agree that the amount received is to be so credited;

then the Registrar must credit the amount, or the part of the amount, received against that percentage of the amount payable under the liability.

             (3)  Otherwise, the Registrar must credit the amount, or the part of the amount, received against all of the amount payable under the liability.

             (4)  This section does not apply to an enforceable maintenance liability of a kind referred to in paragraph 18A(3)(a).

71B  Payments not in money

             (1)  For the purposes of sections 71 and 71A, if both the payer and the payee of an enforceable maintenance liability so intend:

                     (a)  a payment in a form, other than money, by the payer; or

                     (b)  a transfer of any property or right by the payer;

is taken to be an amount paid in complete or partial satisfaction of an amount payable under an enforceable maintenance liability.

             (2)  For the purpose of determining the amount to be credited under section 71 or 71A, in relation to the payment or transfer, against the amount payable under the liability of the payer to the Commonwealth, the amount of the payment or transfer is taken to be:

                     (a)  the amount agreed by the payer and the payee; or

                     (b)  if no amount is agreed, the amount determined by the Registrar.

71C  Other payments of up to 30% of child support liability

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the payer of an enforceable maintenance liability in relation to a payment period or initial period has made one or more payments to the payee of the liability, or to another person; and

                     (b)  the payment is a payment of the kind specified in the regulations; and

                   (ba)  at the time the payment is made, the payer does not have at least regular care of any of the children to whom the relevant administrative assessment relates; and

                     (c)  the sum of those payments exceeds the sum of all such payments previously credited under this section against the amount payable under the liability for all past periods; and

                     (d)  the payer does not, at the time at which the Registrar applies this section, have at least regular care of any of the children to whom the relevant administrative assessment relates;

then the Registrar must, despite section 30, credit the excess amount mentioned in paragraph (c) against the amount payable under the payer’s liability for the period, up to a maximum of 30% of the amount payable.

Note:          Subsection (1) is subject to section 71D.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to a payment (the prescribed payment) mentioned in paragraph (1)(a) if:

                     (a)  before the prescribed payment is made, the payer has provided child support to the payee in the form of a lump sum payment; and

                     (b)  the lump sum payment has been credited, or will be credited, under section 69A against all or part of the amount payable under the enforceable maintenance liability in relation to the day the prescribed payment is made.

             (3)  Subject to subsection (4), the Registrar must not credit an amount under this section in relation to a period for which the payer has not paid to the Commonwealth an amount equal to the difference between:

                     (a)  the amount payable by the payer to the Commonwealth under the enforceable maintenance liability in relation to that period; and

                     (b)  the amount that is to be credited under subsection (1), or that would be so credited but for this subsection, in relation to that period.

             (4)  If the payer:

                     (a)  did not pay that difference to the Commonwealth within the time required under section 66; and

                     (b)  subsequently pays the amount of that difference to the Commonwealth;

the Registrar may credit against the amount payable under the enforceable maintenance liability in relation to that period the amount that, but for subsection (3), would have been credited under subsection (1).

             (5)  This section does not apply in relation to an enforceable maintenance liability in relation to a payment period or an initial period if:

                     (a)  the liability is covered by section 17A or 18; or

                     (b)  both of the following apply:

                              (i)  the payer of the liability has provided child support to the payee of the liability in the form of a lump sum payment;

                             (ii)  the lump sum payment will be credited, under section 69A, against all or part of the amount payable under the liability in relation to the days in the payment period or the initial period.

             (6)  This section does not apply in relation to an enforceable maintenance liability of a kind mentioned in section 18A.

71D  Registrar may refuse to credit amounts in special circumstances

                   The Registrar may refuse to credit an amount under section 71, 71A or 71C if satisfied that, in the circumstances of the particular case, the amount ought not to be credited.

 

71E  Notices must be given to payers and payees in relation to registration decisions

Notices must be given

             (1)  This section applies if the Registrar decides, under section 71, 71A or 71C, to credit an amount received by the payee of an enforceable maintenance liability, or a third party, against the amount payable under the liability of the payer of that enforceable maintenance liability.

Note:          If the Registrar refuses to credit an amount under section 71, 71A or 71C, the Registrar must give a notice under subsection 42C(3).

             (2)  As soon as practicable after the Registrar credits the amount, the Registrar must serve a notice in writing of the decision on the payee and the payer.

Content of notices

             (3)  A notice served on a person under this section in relation to a decision (the original decision) must include, or be accompanied by, a statement to the effect that:

                     (a)  the person may, subject to this Act, object to the original decision; and

                     (b)  if the person is dissatisfied by a later decision of the Registrar on an objection to the original decision (no matter who lodges the objection), the person may, subject to this Act, apply to the SSAT for review of the later decision.

             (4)  A contravention of subsection (3) in relation to a decision does not affect the validity of the decision.

72  Application of certain amounts to debts under this Act

             (1)  If, apart from this section:

                     (a)  the Commissioner would be required under section 8AAZLF of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 to refund an amount (the refund amount) to a person (the creditor); and

                     (b)  the creditor owes a debt to the Commonwealth under this Act;

then, despite anything contained in any law of the Commonwealth apart from this Act (including section 8AAZLF of the Taxation Administration Act 1953):

                     (c)  the Registrar may require the Commissioner, at a particular time, to pay an amount to the Registrar not exceeding the lesser of the refund amount and the debt; and

                     (d)  if the Registrar so requires, the Commissioner must, as soon as practicable, pay the required amount to the Registrar.

             (2)  If the Commissioner pays an amount to the Registrar under subsection (1), the Registrar must:

                     (a)  apply the amount against the debt of the creditor; or

                     (b)  if the debt has been paid in full after the time mentioned in paragraph (1)(c)—pay the amount to the creditor; or

                     (c)  if the debt has been paid in part after the time mentioned in paragraph (1)(c):

                              (i)  apply the amount against the child support debt of the creditor; and

                             (ii)  if, after the amount has been applied, the child support debt has been paid in full, pay any excess to the creditor.

             (3)  If the Commissioner pays an amount to the Registrar under subsection (1), the amount that the Commissioner is required to refund under section 8AAZLF of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 to the person is taken to be reduced by the amount paid to the Registrar immediately after the amount is paid.

72A  Registrar may collect child support related debts from a third person

             (1)  The Registrar may give written notice to a person:

                     (a)  by whom money is due or accruing, or may become due, to a child support debtor; or

                     (b)  who holds, or may subsequently hold, money for or on account of a child support debtor; or

                     (c)  who holds, or may subsequently hold money on account of some other person for payment to a child support debtor; or

                     (d)  who has authority from some other person to pay money to a child support debtor;

requiring that person to pay to the Registrar:

                     (e)  if the amount of money is more than the maximum notified deduction total—an amount equal to the maximum notified deduction total; or

                      (f)  if the amount of money is equal to or less than the maximum notified deduction total—the amount of money; or

                     (g)  if the notice specifies an amount of money that is to be paid out of each payment that the notified person becomes liable, from time to time, to make to the debtor—that amount until the maximum notified deduction total is satisfied.

          (1A)  A notice given under subsection (1) requires the notified person to continue to make payments in accordance with that subsection until the maximum notified deduction total is satisfied.

          (1B)  For the purposes of subsection (1), maximum notified deduction total is an amount specified in a notice under that subsection that does not exceed the support debt of the child support debtor to whom the notice relates.

             (2)  A person who refuses or fails to comply with a notice under subsection (1) is guilty of an offence.

Penalty:  $1,000.

          (2A)  Subsection (2) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

          (2B)  Subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

             (3)  A notice:

                     (a)  must specify a day, not being a day before the money becomes due or is held, on or before which the money is to be paid; and

                     (b)  may be varied by the Registrar specifying a later day for making a payment under the notice.

             (4)  Subsection 4K(1) of the Crimes Act 1914 does not apply in relation to anything required to be done under subsection (1).

             (5)  If the Registrar gives a notice under subsection (1), the Registrar must provide a copy of the notice to the child support debtor.

             (6)  A notice is taken to be provided under subsection (5) if the Registrar sends the notice to the last address of the person known to the Registrar.

             (7)  A notice is taken to have been given to the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory if it is served on a prescribed person.

             (8)  If a person is convicted of an offence against subsection (1), the court may, in addition to imposing a penalty on the person, order the person to pay to the Registrar an amount that is not more than the amount, or sum of the amounts (as the case may be), that the person refused or failed to pay to the Registrar.

             (9)  A person who makes a payment in compliance with a notice under subsection (1) is taken to have made the payment under the debtor’s authority or the authority of any other person concerned and is indemnified in respect of that payment.

           (10)  If:

                     (a)  the Registrar gives a notice under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  before the person to whom the notice is given complies with it, payment of the amount due by the debtor is made;

the Registrar must immediately give the person written notice of that payment.

           (11)  For the purposes of this section, where:

                     (a)  a person has paid money to a co‑operative housing society in respect of the issue of withdrawable shares in the capital of the society; and

                     (b)  the co‑operative housing society has not repaid the money;

the money is taken to be:

                     (c)  if the money is repayable on demand—due by the co‑operative housing society to the person; and

                     (d)  in any other case—money that may become due by the co‑operative housing society to the person.

           (12)  For the purposes of this section, if, apart from this subsection, money is not due, or repayable on demand to a person unless a condition is fulfilled, the money is taken to be due, or repayable on demand (as the case may be), to the person even though the condition has not been fulfilled.

           (13)  In this section:

child support debtor means a person who is liable to pay a child support debt or a child support related debt.

child support related debt, in relation to a person, includes:

                     (a)  the amount of penalty (if any) imposed under section 67 in respect of that debt; and

                     (b)  any costs ordered by a court to be paid to the Commonwealth in respect of an offence committed by the person against this Act or the Assessment Act; and

                     (c)  any amount ordered by a court, upon the conviction of a person for an offence against this Act or the Assessment Act, to be paid by the person to the Registrar.

co‑operative housing society means a society registered or incorporated as a co‑operative housing society or similar society under a law of a State or Territory.

person includes a partnership and any Commonwealth, State or Territory public authority (whether incorporated or unincorporated).

support debt means a child support debt or a child support related debt.

72AA  Deductions from social security pensions and benefits

             (1)  If the payer of an enforceable maintenance liability covered by subsection 17(2) is in receipt of a social security pension or a social security benefit, the Registrar may give a written notice to the Secretary:

                     (a)  specifying the payer’s name and setting out sufficient particulars to enable the Secretary to identify the payer; and

                     (b)  instructing the Secretary to make the prescribed periodic deduction from the payer’s social security pension or social security benefit as from the specified day.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person by whom a child support debt is due (whether before or after the commencement of this section) has not paid the debt; and

                     (b)  the person is in receipt of a social security pension or a social security benefit;

the Registrar may give a written notice to the Secretary:

                     (c)  specifying the person’s name and setting out sufficient particulars to enable the Secretary to identify the person; and

                     (d)  instructing the Secretary to:

                              (i)  make the prescribed periodic deduction from the person’s social security pension or social security benefit from a specified day until the debt is paid; or

                             (ii)  if the Registrar is satisfied the person is in financial hardship—make the specified lesser periodic deduction from the person’s social security pension or social security benefit from a specified day until the debt is paid.

             (3)  A notice may be given by electronic transmission or by any other means.

             (4)  Subsection (2) does not apply to an amount due in respect of a liability covered by section 18.

             (6)  In this section:

social security benefit and social security pension have the same respective meanings as in the Social Security Act 1991.

72AB  Deductions from family tax benefit

             (1)  This section applies to a person if:

                     (a)  the person is entitled to be paid family tax benefit under a determination under section 16 or 17 of the Family Assistance Administration Act; and

                     (b)  the child, or at least one of the children, for whom the person is eligible for family tax benefit is a designated child support child of the person and:

                              (i)  an FTB child; or

                             (ii)  a regular care child who is also a rent assistance child.

             (2)  A child of a person is a designated child support child of the person if:

                     (a)  the person has a registrable maintenance liability of a kind mentioned in section 17 in respect of the child; and

                     (b)  an amount payable under the liability is a child support debt; and

                     (c)  the day on which the debt became due and payable under section 66 has passed, and the debt remains unpaid in whole or in part.

             (3)  If this section applies to a person, the Registrar may give a written notice to the Secretary directing the Secretary:

                     (a)  to deduct from each instalment amount of family tax benefit that the person is entitled to be paid under section 23 of the Family Assistance Administration Act an amount specified, or worked out as specified, in the notice; or

                     (b)  to deduct from an amount of family tax benefit that the person is entitled to be paid under section 24 of the Family Assistance Administration Act an amount specified, or worked out as specified, in the notice.

             (4)  A notice under subsection (3) must:

                     (a)  specify the person’s name and the name of each designated child support child of the person; and

                     (b)  set out sufficient particulars to enable the Secretary to identify the person and each designated child support child of the person; and

                     (c)  be in accordance with section 228 of the Family Assistance Administration Act, which sets out the maximum amount that can be deducted; and

                     (d)  specify the day or days on which deductions are to be made.

             (5)  In this section:

Family Assistance Act means the A New Tax System (Family Assistance) Act 1999.

Family Assistance Administration Act means the A New Tax System (Family Assistance) (Administration) Act 1999.

family tax benefit has the same meaning as in the Family Assistance Act.

FTB child means an FTB child in relation to family tax benefit within the meaning of the Family Assistance Act.

regular care child has the same meaning as in the Family Assistance Act.

rent assistance child has the same meaning as in the Family Assistance Act.

72AC  Deductions from veterans’ pensions and allowances

             (1)  The Registrar may give a written notice to the Repatriation Commission (within the meaning of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act 1986) if:

                     (a)  either of the following applies:

                              (i)  a person is a payer of an enforceable maintenance liability under section 17 of this Act;

                             (ii)  a person owes a child support debt in relation to a liability under section 17 or 17A of this Act and an amount of the debt remains unpaid after the day on which the debt became due and payable under section 66 of this Act; and

                     (b)  the person is receiving:

                              (i)  an age service pension under Division 3 of Part III of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act 1986; or

                             (ii)  an invalidity service pension under Division 4 of Part III of that Act; or

                            (iii)  a partner service pension under Division 5 of Part III of that Act; or

                            (iv)  income support supplement under Part IIIA of that Act; or

                             (v)  Defence Force Income Support Allowance under Division 2 of Part VIIAB of that Act.

             (2)  The notice must:

                     (a)  specify the person’s name; and

                     (b)  set out sufficient particulars to enable the Repatriation Commission to identify the person; and

                     (c)  if subparagraph (1)(a)(i) applies—instruct the Repatriation Commission to make periodic deductions prescribed in the regulations from the person’s pension or allowance from a specified day; and

                     (d)  if subparagraph (1)(a)(ii) applies—instruct the Repatriation Commission to:

                              (i)  make periodic deductions prescribed in the regulations from the person’s pension or allowance from a specified day until the debt is paid; or

                             (ii)  if the Registrar is satisfied the person is in financial hardship—make specified lesser periodic deductions from the person’s pension or allowance from a specified day until the debt is paid.

72B  Person receiving or controlling money of a debtor who is outside Australia

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a child support debtor is not physically present in Australia; and

                     (b)  the debtor either:

                              (i)  derives income, or profits or gains of a capital nature, from a source in Australia; or

                             (ii)  is a shareholder, debenture holder or depositor in a company deriving income, or profits or gains of a capital nature, from a source in Australia; and

                     (c)  another person in Australia receives, controls or disposes of, any of the debtor’s money;

the following provisions apply:

                     (d)  the other person must, when notified by the Registrar under subsection (2), pay the debtor’s support debt;

                     (e)  the person is authorised and required, when notified by the Registrar under subsection (2), to retain from time to time, out of any money that comes to him or her on behalf of the debtor, enough to pay the debtor’s support debt or any amount that may become payable by the debtor as a child support debt;

                      (f)  the person is personally liable for the debtor’s support debt to the extent of any amount that he or she retained, or should have retained, under paragraph (e);

                     (g)  the person is taken to be authorised by the debtor, or any other person concerned, to make any payments under this section.

             (2)  If the Registrar requires a person referred to in paragraph (1)(c) to do a thing referred to in paragraph (1)(d) or (e), the Registrar must give that person written notice of:

                     (a)  that requirement; and

                     (b)  the amount of the debtor’s support debt; and

                     (c)  the day by which the person should pay the amount required to be paid.

             (3)  If the person who receives, controls or disposes of any of a debtor’s money is:

                     (a)  the Commonwealth or a Commonwealth authority; or

                     (b)  a State or a State authority; or

                     (c)  a Territory or a Territory authority;

paragraph (1)(f) does not apply to or in relation to that body.

             (4)  For the purposes of this section:

                     (a)  a person is taken to have control of a debtor’s money if the person is liable to pay money to the debtor; and

                     (b)  money due by the person to the debtor is taken to be money that comes to the person on behalf of the debtor, other than money that is:

                              (i)  a payment of a royalty referred to in Subdivision 12‑F in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953; or

                             (ii)  a payment to which section 12‑325 of that Schedule applies (natural resource payments).

             (5)  Words and expressions used in this section that are defined in:

                     (a)  the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936; or

                     (b)  in section 72A;

have, in this section, the meaning given by that Act or that section.

72C  Transaction to defeat maintenance liability

             (1)  The court may, of its own volition or on application by the Registrar:

                     (a)  set aside an instrument or disposition that has been made; or

                     (b)  restrain the making of an instrument or disposition that is proposed to be made;

by or on behalf of, or by direction or in the interest of, a payer of an enforceable maintenance liability.

             (2)  If the court is satisfied that the instrument or disposition has been made or is proposed to be made (as the case may be) to reduce or defeat the payer’s ability:

                     (a)  to pay child support; or

                     (b)  if there is an enforceable maintenance liability in respect of the payer:

                              (i)  to pay any child support debt under the enforceable maintenance liability; or

                             (ii)  to meet the enforceable maintenance liability;

the court may set aside the instrument or disposition or restrain the making of the proposed instrument or disposition as the case requires.

             (3)  The court may order:

                     (a)  that any money or any real or personal property dealt with by any such instrument or disposition may be taken in execution, or charged with the payment, of such amounts for costs or child support as the court directs; or

                     (b)  that the proceeds of a sale must be paid into court to abide by its order.

             (4)  The court must have regard to the interests of a bona fide purchaser or other interested person and must make any order it considers proper for the protection of those persons.

             (5)  The court may order:

                     (a)  the payer; or

                     (b)  if a person has colluded with the payer in the making or proposed making of the instrument or disposition—that person;

to pay the costs incurred by:

                     (c)  the payee of the enforceable maintenance liability; or

                     (d)  a bona fide purchaser or other person for whose protection an order is made under subsection (4); or

                     (e)  the Registrar;

in relation to the making, or the proposed making, of the instrument or disposition or the proceedings under this section.

             (6)  In this section, disposition includes a sale and a gift.


 

Part VADeparture prohibition orders

Division 1Registrar may make departure prohibition orders

72D  Registrar may make departure prohibition orders

             (1)  The Registrar may make an order (a departure prohibition order) prohibiting a person from departing from Australia for a foreign country if:

                     (a)  the person has a child support liability; and

                     (b)  the person has not made arrangements satisfactory to the Registrar for the child support liability to be wholly discharged; and

                     (c)  the Registrar is satisfied that the person has persistently and without reasonable grounds failed to pay:

                              (i)  child support debts arising from a registrable maintenance liability under section 17; or

                             (ii)  a child support debt arising from a registrable maintenance liability under section 17A; or

                            (iii)  one or more child support debts arising from a registrable overseas maintenance liability under subsection 18A(1), paragraph 18A(3)(a) or subsection 18A(4) (insofar as subsection 18A(4) relates to subsection 18A(1) or paragraph 18A(3)(a)); and

                     (d)  the Registrar believes on reasonable grounds that it is desirable to make the order for the purpose of ensuring that the person does not depart from Australia for a foreign country without:

                              (i)  wholly discharging the child support liability; or

                             (ii)  making arrangements satisfactory to the Registrar for the child support liability to be wholly discharged.

             (2)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(c), the Registrar must have regard to the following matters:

                     (a)  the capacity of the person concerned to pay the debt or debts;

                     (b)  the number of occasions on which action has been taken to recover the debt or debts, and the outcome of the recovery action;

                     (c)  if subparagraph (1)(c)(i) applies—the number of occasions on which the debts mentioned in that subparagraph had not been paid on or before the day on which they became due and payable;

                     (d)  if subparagraph (1)(c)(ii) applies—the length of time for which the debt mentioned in that subparagraph has remained unpaid after the day on which it became due and payable;

                   (da)  if subparagraph (1)(c)(iii) applies:

                              (i)  the length of time for which the debts mentioned in that subparagraph have remained unpaid after the day on which they became due and payable; and

                             (ii)  the number of occasions on which the debts mentioned in that subparagraph had not been paid on or before the day on which they became due and payable;

                     (e)  such other matters as the Registrar considers appropriate.

             (3)  A departure prohibition order must be in the approved form.

Note:          For approved form see section 72X.

72E  Meaning of child support liability

                   For the purposes of this Part, a person has a child support liability if:

                     (a)  the person has a registrable maintenance liability of a kind mentioned in section 17 or 17A, subsection 18A(1), paragraph 18A(3)(a) or subsection 18A(4) (insofar as subsection 18A(4) relates to subsection 18A(1) or paragraph 18A(3)(a)); and

                     (b)  an amount payable under the registrable maintenance liability is a child support debt; and

                     (c)  the day on which the debt became due and payable under section 66 has passed, and the debt remains unpaid in whole or in part.


 

Division 2Offence provision

72F  Departure from Australia of certain child support debtors prohibited

                   A person must not depart from Australia for a foreign country if:

                     (a)  a departure prohibition order in respect of the person is in force, and the person knows that the order is in force, or is reckless as to whether the order is in force; and

                     (b)  the person’s departure is not authorised by a departure authorisation certificate, and the person knows that the departure is not authorised by such a certificate, or is reckless as to whether the departure is authorised by such a certificate.

Maximum penalty: 60 penalty units or imprisonment for 12 months, or both.


 

Division 3Administrative requirements

72G  Notification requirements for departure prohibition orders

             (1)  This section applies if the Registrar makes a departure prohibition order in respect of a person.

             (2)  The Registrar must notify the person that the order has been made.

             (3)  The notice must be in the approved form and must be given as soon as practicable after making the order.

Note:          For approved form see section 72X.

             (4)  The Registrar must give to the Secretary of the Department of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs a copy of the order, and information likely to facilitate identification of the person, for the purposes of administering the Migration Act 1958, unless the Registrar is satisfied that the person is an Australian citizen.

             (5)  The Registrar must also give a copy of the order, and information likely to facilitate identification of the person for the purposes of this Part, to such other persons as the Registrar considers appropriate in the circumstances, being persons prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this subsection.

             (6)  The Registrar must give a copy of the order or information under subsection (4) or (5) as soon as practicable after making the order.

72H  Operation of departure prohibition order

             (1)  A departure prohibition order comes into force when it is made, and continues in force until it is revoked, or until it is set aside by a court.

             (2)  However, a departure prohibition order in respect of a person is not in force during any period when a deportation order in respect of the person is in force under the Migration Act 1958.

72I  Revocation and variation of departure prohibition orders

             (1)  The Registrar must revoke a departure prohibition order in respect of a person if:

                     (a)  the person no longer has a child support liability; or

                     (b)  the person has a child support liability, but arrangements satisfactory to the Registrar have been made for the liability to be wholly discharged; or

                     (c)  the person has a child support liability, but the Registrar is satisfied that the liability is completely irrecoverable.

             (2)  However, if the Registrar considers that the person may later become subject to a child support liability in respect of, or arising out of, matters that have occurred, the Registrar must not revoke a departure prohibition order under subsection (1) unless the Registrar is satisfied:

                     (a)  that the liability will be wholly discharged; or

                     (b)  that arrangements satisfactory to the Registrar will be made for the liability to be wholly discharged; or

                     (c)  that the liability will be completely irrecoverable.

             (3)  The Registrar may also, at the Registrar’s discretion, revoke or vary a departure prohibition order in respect of a person if the Registrar considers it desirable to do so.

             (4)  The Registrar may revoke or vary a departure prohibition order under subsection (1) or (3):

                     (a)  on application by the person in the approved form; or

                     (b)  on the Registrar’s own motion.

72J  Notification of decisions about revocation and variation

             (1)  The Registrar must notify a person who has made an application under paragraph 72I(4)(a) for the revocation or variation of a departure prohibition order of the Registrar’s decision on the application.

             (2)  The Registrar must notify a person if the Registrar decides, on the Registrar’s own motion, to revoke or vary a departure prohibition order in respect of the person.

             (3)  The Registrar must also notify each person to whom a copy of a departure prohibition order was given under subsection 72G(4) or (5) if the Registrar decides to revoke or vary the order.

             (4)  A notice under this section must be in the approved form, and must be given as soon as practicable after the decision concerned is made.

Note:          For approved form see section 72X.


 

Division 4Departure authorisation certificates

72K  Application for departure authorisation certificate

             (1)  A person in respect of whom a departure prohibition order is in force may apply for a certificate authorising the person to depart from Australia for a foreign country (a departure authorisation certificate).

             (2)  The application must be in the approved form.

Note:          For approved form see section 72X.

72L  When Registrar must issue departure authorisation certificate

             (1)  This section applies if a person makes an application under section 72K for a departure authorisation certificate.

             (2)  The Registrar must issue the departure authorisation certificate if the Registrar is satisfied:

                     (a)  that, if the certificate is issued:

                              (i)  it is likely that the person will depart from Australia and return to Australia within a period that the Registrar considers appropriate; and

                             (ii)  it is likely that, within a period that the Registrar considers appropriate, the Registrar will be required by subsection 72I(1) to revoke the departure prohibition order in respect of the person; and

                     (b)  that it is not necessary for the person to give security under section 72M for the person’s return to Australia.

             (3)  If the Registrar is not satisfied as mentioned in subsection (2), the Registrar must nevertheless issue the departure authorisation certificate if:

                     (a)  the person has given security under section 72M for the person’s return to Australia; or

                     (b)  if the person is unable to give such security, the Registrar is satisfied:

                              (i)  that the certificate should be issued on humanitarian grounds; or

                             (ii)  that refusing to issue the certificate will be detrimental to Australia’s interests.

72M  Security for person’s return to Australia

             (1)  A person may give such security as the Registrar considers appropriate by bond, deposit or any other means, for the person’s return to Australia by such day as is agreed by the person and the Registrar and is specified in the departure authorisation certificate.

             (2)  The Registrar may substitute a later day for the day mentioned in subsection (1), either on the Registrar’s own motion, or on application by the person in the approved form.

             (3)  The Registrar may refuse an application by a person to substitute a later day if:

                     (a)  the person refuses to increase the value of the security already given to a level that the Registrar considers appropriate; or

                     (b)  the person refuses to give such further security as the Registrar considers appropriate; or

                     (c)  the Registrar considers that it would not be appropriate to substitute the later day.

72N  What departure authorisation certificate must authorise

             (1)  A departure authorisation certificate in respect of a person must authorise the departure of the person on or before the seventh day after a day specified in the certificate.

             (2)  The day specified in the certificate must be a day that is after the day on which the certificate is issued, but not more than 7 days after that day.

72O  Notification requirements for departure authorisation certificates

             (1)  The Registrar must notify a person who makes an application for a departure authorisation certificate of the Registrar’s decision on the application.

             (2)  The notice must be in the approved form and must be given as soon as practicable.

Note:          For approved form see section 72X.

             (3)  If the Registrar decides to issue the departure authorisation certificate, the Registrar must, as soon as practicable, give a copy of the certificate to the person, and to each person to whom a copy of the departure prohibition order in respect of the person was given under subsection 72G(4) or (5).

72P  Notification requirements for substituted days

             (1)  The Registrar must notify a person who makes an application under section 72M to have a later day substituted of the Registrar’s decision on the application.

             (2)  The Registrar must notify a person in respect of whom a departure authorisation certificate is in force if the Registrar decides, on the Registrar’s own motion, to substitute a later day.

             (3)  If the Registrar decides to substitute a later day, the Registrar must also notify each person to whom a copy of the departure prohibition order in respect of the person was given under subsection 72G(4) or (5).

             (4)  A notice under this section must be given as soon as practicable.


 

Division 5Appeals and review in relation to departure prohibition orders and departure authorisation certificates

72Q  Appeals to courts against making of departure prohibition orders

             (1)  A person aggrieved by the making of a departure prohibition order may appeal to the Federal Court of Australia or the Federal Magistrates Court against the making of the order.

             (2)  This section has effect:

                     (a)  subject to Chapter III of the Constitution; and

                     (b)  despite anything contained in section 9 of the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977.

72R  Jurisdiction of courts

                   The jurisdiction of a court under section 72Q must be exercised by a single Judge or Justice.

72S  Orders of court on appeal

                   A court hearing an appeal under section 72Q against the making of a departure prohibition order may, in its discretion:

                     (a)  make an order setting aside the order; or

                     (b)  dismiss the appeal.

72T  Applications for review of certain decisions

             (1)  Applications may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of a decision of the Registrar under section 72I, 72L or 72M.

             (2)  In this section:

decision has the same meaning as in the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975.


 

Division 6Enforcement

72U  Powers of authorised officers

             (1)  This section applies if an authorised officer believes on reasonable grounds that:

                     (a)  a person is about to depart from Australia for a foreign country; and

                     (b)  a departure prohibition order in respect of the person is in force; and

                     (c)  the person’s departure is not authorised by a departure authorisation certificate.

             (2)  The authorised officer may:

                     (a)  take such steps as are reasonably necessary to prevent the person’s departure, including, but not limited to, steps to prevent the person going on board, or to remove the person from, a vessel or aircraft in which the authorised officer believes on reasonable grounds the departure will take place; and

                     (b)  require the person to answer questions or produce documents to the authorised officer for the purposes of ascertaining whether:

                              (i)  a departure prohibition order in respect of the person is in force; and

                             (ii)  if such an order in respect of the person is in force—whether the person’s departure is authorised by a departure authorisation certificate.

             (3)  A person is guilty of an offence if the person refuses or fails to answer a question or produce a document.

Maximum penalty: 30 penalty units.

             (4)  However, a person is not guilty of an offence under subsection (3) if the person answers the question or produces the document to the extent that the person is capable of answering the question or producing the document.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters mentioned in subsection (4).

             (5)  A person must not, in answer to a question under subsection (2), make a statement that the person knows to be false or misleading in a material particular.

Maximum penalty: 30 penalty units, or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

72V  Privilege against self‑incrimination

             (1)  A person is not excused from the requirement to comply with a requirement under paragraph 72U(2)(b) to answer questions or produce documents on the ground that doing so might tend to incriminate the person or expose the person to a penalty.

             (2)  However, if the person is an individual:

                     (a)  the answer to the question or the document; or

                     (b)  any other information, document or thing obtained as a direct or indirect result of complying with the requirement;

is not admissible in evidence against the individual in any criminal proceedings other than proceedings under, or arising out of, subsection 72U(5).

72W  Certain people must produce authority to depart

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a departure prohibition order in respect of a person is in force; and

                     (b)  the person is about to depart from Australia for a foreign country; and

                     (c)  the person’s departure is authorised by a departure authorisation certificate;

the person must give a copy of the certificate to an authorised officer for inspection, if requested to do so by the authorised officer.

Maximum penalty: 5 penalty units.

             (2)  Strict liability, within the meaning of section 6.1 of the Criminal Code, applies to subsection (1).


 

Division 7Definitions etc.

72X  Definitions

                   In this Part:

approved form means a form approved by the Registrar for the purposes of the provision in which the expression appears.

authorised officer means:

                     (a)  an officer within the meaning of the Customs Act 1901; or

                     (b)  a member of the Australian Federal Police.

72Y  Interpretation—departure from Australia for foreign country

                   A reference in this Part to the departure of a person from Australia for a foreign country is a reference to the departure of the person from Australia for a foreign country, whether or not the person intends to return to Australia.


 

Part VIPayments to payees

Division 1Child Support Account

73  Child Support Account

             (1)  There is continued in existence the Child Support Account.

Note:          The Account was established by subsection 5(3) of the Financial Management Legislation Amendment Act 1999.

             (2)  The Account is a Special Account for the purposes of the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997.

74  Credit of amounts to Account

             (1)  The following amounts must be credited to the Account:

                     (a)  amounts equal to amounts received by the Registrar in payment of child support debts (including amounts received from employers under paragraph 47(1)(a));

                     (b)  amounts equal to amounts received by the Registrar from payers of enforceable maintenance liabilities as voluntary payments for transmission to the payees of the liabilities;

                     (c)  amounts equal to amounts that are to be debited from the Account in making payments mentioned in paragraph 75(1)(c).

             (2)  If the Registrar receives an amount of which only part appears to the Registrar to fall within subsection (1), the Registrar must determine, in writing, the portion of the amount falling within that subsection, and only that portion is to be credited to the Account under subsection (1).

             (3)  If an amount would be credited to the Account under both section 30 of the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997 and paragraph (1)(c) of this section, the amount is to be credited to the Account under whichever of those provisions first applies.

75  Purposes of the Account

             (1)  The purposes of the Account are:

                     (a)  to make payments under subsection 76(1) to payees of registered maintenance liabilities; and

                     (b)  to make payments to the payees of enforceable maintenance liabilities of amounts received from the payers of the liabilities as voluntary payments for transmission to the payees; and

                     (c)  to make other payments that the Registrar has determined for the purposes of this Act are payable to persons in respect of child support.

             (2)  Amounts received from employers and payers of enforceable maintenance liabilities, in relation to cases in which amounts have been credited to the Account under section 77 or subsection 78(3), may be debited from the Account.


 

Division 2Payments to payees

76  Entitlement of payees to be paid collected amounts

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2) of this section, subsection 79(2) and sections 79A and 79B, every payee of a registered maintenance liability is entitled to be paid, on or before the first Wednesday following the end of each month (in this section called the current month), an amount equal to the aggregate of:

                     (a)  amounts deducted by an employer under Part IV in relation to the liability during the month (in this section called the previous month) preceding the current month;

                     (b)  amounts received by the Registrar (otherwise than under Part IV) in payment of a child support debt in relation to the liability during the period (in this section called the payment period) beginning on the day following the closing day of the previous month and ending on the closing day of the current month; and

                     (c)  to the extent that they have not previously been paid to the payee, amounts that were:

                              (i)  deducted by an employer under Part IV in relation to the liability before the previous month; or

                             (ii)  received by the Registrar (otherwise than under Part IV) in payment of a child support debt in relation to the liability before the payment period;

but excluding (in the case of each of the amounts mentioned in paragraphs (a), (b) and (c)) any amount that was not due and payable by the payer on the seventh day of the current month.

             (2)  Subject to the regulations, where the amount that a person is, but for this subsection, entitled to be paid at any time under subsection (1) in relation to a registered maintenance liability is less than the amount prescribed for the purposes of this subsection, the person is not entitled to be paid the amount at that time.

77  Unremitted deductions made by employers

                   Where:

                     (a)  the Registrar is satisfied that a deduction has been made under subsection 46(1) in a month by an employer from the salary or wages of an employee; and

                     (b)  the amount of the deduction is not paid to the Registrar under paragraph 47(1)(a) on or before the closing day of the following month;

an amount equal to the amount of the deduction unpaid on that closing day must be credited to the Account.

78  Unexplained remittances from employers

             (1)  This section applies where:

                     (a)  on or before the closing day of a month, the Registrar receives under paragraph 47(1)(a) an amount (in this section called the received amount) from an employer in relation to the amounts deducted by the employer under Part IV from the salary or wages of employees during the preceding month;

                     (b)  the employer contravenes paragraph 47(1)(b) in relation to the preceding month; and

                     (c)  the Registrar is unable to ascertain to the Registrar’s satisfaction, on or before the closing day, the portion of the received amount attributable to each of the employees (in this section called the relevant employees) in relation to whom a notice given to the employer under subsection 45(1) was in force during the preceding month.

             (2)  The Registrar may, for the purposes of subsection 76(1):

                     (a)  subject to subsection (3), treat the received amount as the total of the amounts deducted by the employer under Part IV from the salary or wages of all the relevant employees during the preceding month; and

                     (b)  apportion the amount between the relevant employees on the basis that appears to the Registrar to be the most appropriate in the circumstances.

             (3)  Where:

                     (a)  the received amount is less than the amount (in this subsection called the expected amount) that, according to the records held by the Registrar, should have been received from the employer under paragraph 47(1)(a) in relation to the preceding month; and

                     (b)  the expected amount does not exceed the sum of the received amount and the product of the amount prescribed for the purposes of this subsection and the number of relevant employees;

then:

                     (c)  for the purposes of subsection (2) of this section, the received amount shall be deemed to be an amount equal to the expected amount; and

                     (d)  an amount equal to the difference between the expected amount and the received amount must be credited to the Account.

79  Overpayments of payees

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the payee of a registered maintenance liability is:

                              (i)  paid an amount under section 76; or

                             (ii)  because of section 71AA, taken to have been paid an amount under section 76; and

                     (b)  either of the following situations apply:

                              (i)  the payee was not entitled to be paid the amount; or

                             (ii)  the amount is, because of a subsequent variation to particulars of the entry in the Child Support Register in relation to the liability, repayable by the Registrar to the payer of the liability;

the amount is repayable by the payee to the Registrar and is a debt due by the payee to the Commonwealth.

             (2)  Where, in a case falling within subsection (1), the payee is entitled to receive further payments under subsection 76(1), the amount of the debt due to the Commonwealth by the payee may be recovered by reducing such of those payments by such amount as is determined in writing by the Registrar.


 

Division 3Suspension determinations

79A  Suspension determinations—pending declarations that person should not be assessed in respect of the costs of the child

Suspension determinations

             (1)  The Registrar must make a determination (a suspension determination) that a payee of a registered maintenance liability in relation to a child is not entitled under subsection 76(1) to be paid an amount that is payable for the child by a payer of the liability if:

                     (a)  the Registrar has notice that an application has been made under section 107 of the Assessment Act for a declaration that the payer should not be assessed in respect of the costs of the child because the payer is not a parent of the child; and

                     (b)  the application is pending.

Payee not entitled to be paid amounts until resumption determination made

             (2)  If the Registrar makes a suspension determination on a day, the payee is not entitled to be paid an amount from that payer for the child on that or any later day mentioned in subsection 76(1) unless and until the Registrar makes a determination under subsection (3) of this section in relation to the payee and an amount payable by that payer for the child.

Note 1:       If the court grants the declaration under section 107 of the Assessment Act, the application for administrative assessment of child support is taken to have never been accepted by the Registrar, and the payee was never entitled to be paid amounts under subsection 76(1) of this Act from that payer for that child.

Note 2:       The Registrar must vary the Child Support Register after making the suspension determination (see section 79C).

Resumption determinations

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  the Registrar has made a suspension determination under subsection (1) in relation to the payee of a registered maintenance liability; and

                     (b)  the Registrar is satisfied that the application referred to in paragraph (1)(a) has been:

                              (i)  finally refused by the court (within the meaning of section 144 of the Assessment Act); or

                             (ii)  dismissed or withdrawn; or

                            (iii)  struck out by the court;

the Registrar must make a determination (a resumption determination) that:

                     (c)  the payee is again entitled under subsection 76(1) to be paid an amount from that payer for the child; and

                     (d)  if the payee has not, because of the suspension determination, been paid an amount which the payee would otherwise have been paid under subsection 76(1)—the payee is entitled to be paid that amount.

Note:          The Registrar must vary the Child Support Register after making the resumption determination (see section 79C).

79B  Suspension determinations—pending SSAT and court reviews

Suspension determinations

             (1)  The Registrar may make a determination (a suspension determination) that a payee of a registered maintenance liability in relation to a child is not entitled under subsection 76(1) to be paid an amount that is payable for the child by the payer of the liability if:

                     (a)  any of the following proceedings has been brought by the payer (whether under Part VII, VIIA or VIII) in respect of a decision to accept an application for administrative assessment under subsection 30(1) of the Assessment Act and the proceeding is pending:

                              (i)  a proceeding that the child was not a child in relation to whom the application for administrative assessment of child support was entitled to be made;

                             (ii)  a proceeding that the applicant was not a person entitled to make the application for the child;

                            (iii)  a proceeding that a person who was to be assessed in respect of the costs of the child was not a resident of Australia; or

                     (b)  a proceeding has been brought by the payer under Subdivision B of Division 3 of Part VIII (court review) in relation to the payee’s entitlement to administrative assessment of child support for the child and the proceeding is pending under that Subdivision.

Payee not entitled to be paid amounts until resumption determination made

             (2)  If the Registrar makes a suspension determination on a day, the payee is not entitled to be paid an amount from that payer for the child on that or any later day mentioned in subsection 76(1) unless and until the Registrar makes a determination under subsection (3) of this section in relation to the payee and an amount payable by that payer for the child.

Note:          The Registrar must vary the Child Support Register after making the suspension determination (see section 79C).

Resumption determinations

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  the Registrar has made a suspension determination under subsection (1) in relation to the payee of a registered maintenance liability; and

                     (b)  the Registrar is satisfied that the proceeding referred to in subsection (1) has been:

                              (i)  finally refused by the Registrar, the SSAT or a court (within the meaning of section 110W); or

                             (ii)  dismissed or withdrawn; or

                            (iii)  struck out by the court;

the Registrar must make a determination (a resumption determination) that:

                     (c)  the payee is again entitled under subsection 76(1) to be paid an amount from that payer for the child; and

                     (d)  if the payee has not, because of the suspension determination, been paid an amount which the payee would otherwise have been paid under subsection 76(1)—the payee is entitled to be paid that amount.

Note:          The Registrar must vary the Child Support Register after making the resumption determination (see section 79C).

79C  Varying particulars after suspension or resumption determination is made

             (1)  Immediately after making a suspension determination in relation to an amount payable under a registered maintenance liability, the Registrar must vary the particulars entered in the Child Support Register in relation to the liability in whatever way the Registrar considers necessary or desirable to give effect to the determination.

Note:          As soon as practicable after varying particulars under this subsection, the Registrar must serve a notice under section 42C.

             (2)  Immediately after making a resumption determination in relation to an amount payable under a registered maintenance liability, the Registrar must vary the particulars entered in the Child Support Register in relation to the liability in whatever way the Registrar considers necessary or desirable to give effect to the determination.

Note:          As soon as practicable after varying particulars under this subsection, the Registrar must serve a notice under section 42C.


 

Part VIIInternal objection procedures for certain decisions

Division 1Preliminary

79D  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      Certain persons can object under this Part to certain decisions of the Registrar under the Assessment Act and this Act.

•      If a person objects to a decision, the Registrar is required to reconsider the decision under this Part.

•      If a person is dissatisfied with the reconsideration, he or she can apply to the SSAT for review of the decision under Part VIIA of this Act.

•      A person can appeal from the SSAT to a court on a question of law under Subdivision B of Division 3 of Part VIII of this Act.

79E  Object of this Part

                   The object of this Part is to provide for internal reconsideration of decisions of the Registrar before the decisions may be reviewed by the SSAT under Part VIIA.


 

Division 2Decisions against which objections may be lodged

80  Decisions against which objections may be lodged

             (1)  A person may lodge with the Registrar an objection in writing to a decision of the Registrar if:

                     (a)  the decision is set out in an item of the following table; and

                     (b)  the person is set out in that item.

 

Decisions/objectors

Item

Decision

Who may object

1

to register a registrable maintenance liability

(a) the payer of the registrable maintenance liability; or

(b) the payee of the registrable maintenance liability

2

as to particulars entered in the Child Support Register in relation to a registrable maintenance liability

(a) the payer of the registrable maintenance liability; or

(b) the payee of the registrable maintenance liability

3

as to particulars varied in the Child Support Register in relation to a registrable maintenance liability

(a) the payer of the registrable maintenance liability; or

(b) the payee of the registrable maintenance liability

4

to delete an entry from the Child Support Register in relation to a registrable maintenance liability

(a) the payer of the registrable maintenance liability; or

(b) the payee of the registrable maintenance liability

5

to credit, under section 71, 71A or 71C of this Act, an amount received by the payee of a registrable maintenance liability, or a third party, against the amount payable under the liability

the payee of the registrable maintenance liability

6

to make an appealable refusal decision in relation to a registrable maintenance liability

(a) the payer of the registrable maintenance liability; or

(b) the payee of the registrable maintenance liability

7

to make an appealable collection refusal decision in relation to a registrable maintenance liability

the payee of the registrable maintenance liability

8

in relation to the remission of a penalty under subsection 54(1) or (2) or section 68 of this Act

the person by whom the penalty is payable

9

to accept an application for administrative assessment of child support for a child under subsection 30(1) of the Assessment Act

a parent who is to be assessed in respect of the costs of the child

10

to refuse to accept an application for administrative assessment under subsection 30(2) of the Assessment Act

the applicant

11

as to the particulars of an administrative assessment

(a) the carer entitled to child support; or

(b) the liable parent

12

in relation to the remission of a penalty under section 64A of the Assessment Act

the person by whom the penalty is payable

13

to terminate a child support agreement under paragraph 80G(1)(d) or (e) of the Assessment Act

a party to the agreement

14

to accept or to refuse to accept an agreement in relation to a child under section 92 or 98U of the Assessment Act

a party to the agreement

14A

as to the particulars of a notional assessment

(a) the carer entitled to child support; or

(b) the liable parent

15

to make or to refuse to make a determination under Part 6A of the Assessment Act

(a) the carer entitled to child support; or

(b) the liable parent

Objections to particulars in the Child Support Register

             (2)  An objection to a decision of the Registrar as to particulars entered in the Child Support Register in relation to a registrable maintenance liability may be lodged:

                     (a)  on the ground that the relevant entry does not relate to a registrable maintenance liability; or

                     (b)  on any other ground.

             (3)  An objection to a decision of the Registrar as to particulars varied in the Child Support Register in relation to a registrable maintenance liability may only be made against:

                     (a)  the particulars varied; and

                     (b)  any other particulars affected by the variation.

Objections to administrative assessments—parentage

             (4)  An objection to a decision of the Registrar to accept an application for administrative assessment under subsection 30(1) of the Assessment Act may not be lodged on the ground that the person is not a parent of the child concerned.

Note:          In that case, a person may be able to apply to a court under section 107 of the Assessment Act for a declaration that a person should not be assessed in respect of the costs of the child because the person is not a parent of the child.

             (5)  An objection to a decision of the Registrar to refuse to accept an application for administrative assessment may not be lodged if one of the reasons for the Registrar so refusing was that the Registrar was not satisfied under section 29 that a person who was to be assessed in respect of the costs of a child is a parent of the child concerned.

Note:          In that case, an application may be made to a court under section 106A of the Assessment Act for a declaration that a person should be assessed in respect of the costs of the child because the person is a parent of the child.


 

Division 3Time limits on lodging objections

81  Time limits on lodging objections

             (1)  An objection to a decision (other than an objection to an appealable collection refusal decision) must be lodged by a person within 28 days after a notice of the decision is served on the person.

             (2)  An objection to an appealable collection refusal decision must be lodged by a person within 28 days after the decision first comes to the notice of the person.

             (3)  For the purposes of subsection (1) or (2), if the person is a resident of a reciprocating jurisdiction, the person’s objection must be lodged within 90 days after the time specified in that subsection, instead of within 28 days.

82  Applications for extensions of time

             (1)  A person may lodge an objection under this Part after the period for lodging such an objection has ended if, at the time of lodging the objection or a later time, the person applies to the Registrar to consider the objection despite the period ending.

             (2)  The application must state fully and in detail the grounds of the application, including the circumstances concerning, and the reasons for, the failure by the person to lodge the objection as required by section 81.

             (3)  The application must be made in the manner specified by the Registrar.

83  Consideration of applications for extensions of time for lodging objections

             (1)  If an application is sent to the Registrar under section 82 in relation to an objection under this Part, the Registrar must:

                     (a)  consider the application; and

                     (b)  within 60 days after the application is received by the Registrar:

                              (i)  either grant or refuse the application; and

                             (ii)  if the application is granted—deal with the objection under subsection 87(1).

          (1A)  However, if the person who made the application is a resident of a reciprocating jurisdiction, the Registrar has 90 days, instead of 60 days, to act under paragraph (1)(b).

             (2)  If the Registrar does not either grant or refuse to grant the application within the period applicable under subsection (1) or (1A), the Registrar is taken, at the end of that period, to have refused to grant the application.

             (3)  The Registrar must serve notice in writing of the decision on the person who made the application.

             (4)  The notice must include, or be accompanied by:

                     (a)  the reasons for the decision; and

                     (b)  a statement to the effect that, if the person is aggrieved by the decision, application may be made, subject to this Act, to the SSAT for review of the decision.

             (5)  A contravention of subsection (4) in relation to a decision does not affect the validity of the decision.

             (6)  If an application under subsection 82(1) is granted, the person who made the application is, for the purposes of this Act, taken to have duly lodged the objection to which the application relates.


 

Division 4Requirements relating to objections

84  Grounds of objections

                   The objection must state fully and in detail the grounds relied on.

85  Registrar to serve copies of objections and accompanying documents on other parties

             (1)  The following table has effect:

 

Recipients of objections and accompanying documents

Item

If a person objects to ...

the Registrar must, as soon as practicable, serve a copy of the objection, and any document that accompanied the objection, on ...

1

a decision that more than one person could have objected to under section 80 of this Act

each other person who could have objected to the decision

2

a decision to credit, under section 71, 71A or 71C of this Act, an amount received by the payee of a registrable maintenance liability against the amount payable under the liability

the payer of the registrable maintenance liability

3

an appealable collection refusal decision in relation to a registrable maintenance liability

the payer of the registrable maintenance liability

3A

a decision to accept an application for administrative assessment of child support for a child under subsection 30(1) of the Assessment Act

the applicant

4

a decision to refuse to accept an application for administrative assessment under subsection 30(2) of the Assessment Act

each parent who the application sought to be assessed in respect of the costs of the child, and any non‑parent carer of the child, (other than the person who objects to the decision)

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to an objection to a decision to make, or refuse to make, a departure determination under Part 6A of the Assessment Act if the Registrar is satisfied that the rights of the person who would otherwise be served with a copy of the objection and any accompanying documents will not be affected by any possible decision the Registrar could make in relation to the objection.

86  Other party may oppose or support objection

             (1)  A person served with a copy of the objection and any accompanying documents under section 85 may lodge with the Registrar a written notice in opposition to, or in support of, the objection.

             (2)  The notice must be lodged within 28 days after service on the person of the copy of the objection and any accompanying documents.

          (2A)  However, if the person is a resident of a reciprocating jurisdiction, the person’s notice must be lodged within 90 days after that time, instead of within 28 days.

             (3)  The notice must state fully and in detail the grounds relied on.


 

Division 5Consideration of objections

87  Consideration of objections by Registrar

             (1)  If an objection is lodged with the Registrar under this Part, the Registrar must:

                     (a)  consider the objection and any notice lodged with the Registrar under section 86 in relation to the objection; and

                     (b)  within 60 days after the objection is lodged with the Registrar, either:

                              (i)  disallow the objection; or

                             (ii)  allow it in whole or in part.

          (1A)  However, if either the person objecting, or a person served with a copy of the objection and any accompanying documents, is a resident of a reciprocating jurisdiction, the Registrar has 120 days, instead of 60 days, to act under paragraph (1)(b).

             (2)  The Registrar must serve notice in writing of the decision on:

                     (a)  the person who lodged the objection; and

                     (b)  each other person who was entitled to be served a copy of the objection and the accompanying documents under section 85.

             (3)  A notice served on a person under subsection (2) must include, or be accompanied by:

                     (a)  the reasons for the decision; and

                     (b)  a statement to the effect that if the person is aggrieved by the decision on the objection:

                              (i)  if the decision objected to was a decision by the Registrar under section 98E or 98R of the Assessment Act—the person may apply to a court for an order under Division 4 of Part 7 of that Act; or

                             (ii)  otherwise—the person may, subject to this Act, apply to the SSAT for review of the decision.

             (4)  A contravention of subsection (3) in relation to a decision does not affect the validity of the decision.


 

Part VIIASSAT review of certain decisions

Division 1Preliminary

87A  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      If a person objects to a decision of the Registrar under Part VII, the Registrar is required to reconsider the decision under that Part.

•      If a person is dissatisfied with the reconsideration, he or she can apply to the SSAT for review of the decision under this Part.

•      The SSAT must pursue the objective of providing a mechanism of review that is fair, just, economical, informal and quick.

•      A person can appeal from the SSAT to a court on a question of law under Subdivision B of Division 3 of Part VIII of this Act.

88  SSAT objective

                   In carrying out its functions under this Act, the SSAT must pursue the objective of providing a mechanism of review that is fair, just, economical, informal and quick.


 

Division 2Applications for review

Subdivision AApplications for review

89  Applications for review

             (1)  A person may apply to the SSAT for review of a decision of the Registrar if:

                     (a)  the decision is set out in an item of the following table; and

                     (b)  the person is set out in that item.

 

Decisions/applicants

Item

Decision

Who may apply for review

1

a decision under subsection 83(1) on an application for an extension of time

the person who applied for the extension of time

2

a decision under subsection 87(1) on an objection to a decision (the original decision) of the Registrar

(a) the person who objected to the original decision under section 80; or

(b) a person who was entitled to be served a copy of the objection and any accompanying documents under section 85

             (2)  However, a person may not apply to the SSAT for review of a decision under subsection 87(1) on an objection if:

                     (a)  both of the following apply:

                              (i)  the objection was to a refusal by the Registrar, under section 98E or 98R of the Assessment Act, to make a determination under Part 6A of that Act in respect of a child support assessment;

                             (ii)  the Registrar disallowed the objection; or

                     (b)  both of the following apply:

                              (i)  the objection was to a decision by the Registrar made in respect of a child support assessment;

                             (ii)  in making a decision on the objection, the Registrar, under section 98E or 98R of the Assessment Act, refused to make a determination under Part 6A of that Act in respect of the assessment.

Note:          In that case, the person may apply to a court for an order under Division 4 of Part 7 (departure orders) of the Assessment Act.

Subdivision BTime limit on applications for review

90  Time limit on applications for review

             (1)  An application for review under this Part must be made by a person within the period of 28 days starting on the day on which the relevant notice under subsection 83(3) or 87(2) is served on the person.

             (2)  However, if the person is a resident of a reciprocating jurisdiction, the application for review must be made within the period of 90 days starting on the day specified in subsection (1), instead of within 28 days.

91  Application for extension of time

             (1)  If the period for applying for review under this Part has ended, a person may make an application for review under this Part that includes a written application (the extension application) asking the SSAT Executive Director to consider the application for review despite the ending of the period.

             (2)  The extension application must state the reasons for the person’s failure to apply for the review within the period required by section 90.

92  Consideration of applications for extension of time for applying for review

             (1)  If a person applies to the SSAT under section 91 in relation to an application for review, the SSAT Executive Director must:

                     (a)  consider the extension application; and

                     (b)  within 60 days after the extension application is received by the SSAT, grant or refuse the extension application; and

                     (c)  if the extension application is granted—deal with the application for review under this Part.

          (1A)  However, if the person applying is a resident of a reciprocating jurisdiction, the SSAT Executive Director has 90 days, instead of 60 days, to act under paragraph (1)(b).

             (3)  The SSAT Executive Director must give written notice of the decision granting or refusing the extension application to the person who made the extension application.

             (4)  If the SSAT Executive Director refuses the extension application, the notice under subsection (3) must include, or be accompanied by, a statement to the effect:

                     (a)  that the person may, subject to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975, apply to the AAT for review of the decision; and

                     (b)  except where subsection 28(4) of that Act applies—that the person may request a statement under section 28 of that Act.

             (5)  A contravention of subsection (4) in relation to a decision does not affect the validity of the decision.

             (6)  If an extension application under section 91 is granted, the person who made the application is, for the purposes of this Act, taken to have duly made the application for review under this Part to which the extension application relates.

             (7)  A person whose extension application has been refused by the SSAT Executive Director may apply to the AAT for review of the decision.

             (8)  In subsection (7):

decision has the same meaning as in the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975.

93  Procedures on receiving applications for review not required until review of extension application completed

                   If an extension application is made under section 91 in relation to an application for review:

                    (aa)  the Registrar must send to the SSAT Executive Director the statement described in paragraph 95(3)(a), within 28 days after receiving a request for the statement from the SSAT Executive Director; and

                     (a)  subsections 95(2) to (6) and section 96 are taken not to apply in respect of the application for review unless and until a decision of the SSAT Executive Director, the AAT or a court decides that the extension application is to be granted by the SSAT Executive Director; and

                     (b)  if such a decision is made—subsection 95(2) applies as if the application for review under this Part is received by an office of the SSAT on the day on which that decision is made.

Subdivision CApplication procedures

94  Application procedures

             (1)  A person may apply to the SSAT for review under this Part by:

                     (a)  sending or delivering a written application to:

                              (i)  an office of the SSAT; or

                             (ii)  an office of the Department; or

                            (iii)  an office of the Commonwealth Services Delivery Agency; or

                            (iv)  an office of the Department administering the Commonwealth Services Delivery Agency Act 1997; or

                     (b)  going to an office of the SSAT and making an oral application; or

                     (c)  contacting an office of the SSAT by telephone and making an oral application.

             (2)  If a person makes an oral application in accordance with paragraph (1)(b) or (c), the person receiving the oral application must:

                     (a)  make a written record of the details of the oral application; and

                     (b)  note on the record the day on which the application is made.

             (3)  If a person makes a written record of an oral application in accordance with subsection (2), this Part has effect as if the written record were a written application made on the day on which the oral application was made.

             (4)  An application may include a statement of the reasons for seeking a review of the decision.

95  Procedures on receiving applications for review

Applications must be forwarded to SSAT

             (1)  If an application for review under this Part is sent or delivered to an office of a Department or of the Commonwealth Services Delivery Agency under section 94, the Secretary of that Department or the CEO of the Agency, as the case requires, must send the application to the SSAT Executive Director:

                     (a)  as soon as practicable; and

                     (b)  in any case—not later than 7 days after the application is received at the office of that Department or Agency.

SSAT must notify applicants and Registrar of receipt of applications

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  an application for review under this Part is received by an office of the SSAT; or

                     (b)  a Secretary or the CEO sends such an application to the SSAT Executive Director in accordance with subsection (1);

the SSAT Executive Director must give the applicant, the Registrar and any other party to the review written notice that the application has been received.

Note:          The parties to the review are set out in section 101.

Registrar must provide information to SSAT

             (3)  Within 28 days after receiving the notice under subsection (2), the Registrar must send to the SSAT Executive Director:

                     (a)  a statement about the decision under review that:

                              (i)  sets out the findings of fact made by the Registrar; and

                             (ii)  refers to the evidence on which those findings were based; and

                            (iii)  gives the reasons for the decision; and

                     (b)  a copy of every document or part of a document that:

                              (i)  is in the possession, or under the control, of the Registrar; and

                             (ii)  is relevant to the review of the decision.

Note:          The Registrar must also send copies of the statement and documents to each party (see section 96).

             (4)  If the SSAT Executive Director requests the Registrar to send the statement and documents referred to in subsection (3) by a day earlier than the day fixed by that subsection, the Registrar must take reasonable steps to comply with the request.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  after the end of the period referred to in subsection (3) but before the determination of the review, the Registrar obtains possession of a document; and

                     (b)  the Registrar considers that the document or a part of the document is relevant to the review; and

                     (c)  a copy of the document or the part of the document has not been sent to the SSAT Executive Director in accordance with subsection (3);

the Registrar must send a copy of the document or the part of the document to an office of the SSAT as soon as practicable after obtaining possession of the document.

             (6)  If the Registrar must provide the SSAT with a document under this section, the Registrar must provide the SSAT with:

                     (a)  if the SSAT Executive Director requests the Registrar to provide a specified number of copies of the document—that number of copies of the document; or

                     (b)  otherwise—2 copies of the document.

96  Parties to be given statements about decisions under review

             (1)  Subject to sections 97 and 98, within 28 days after receiving the notice under subsection 95(2), the Registrar must give each party to the review a copy of the statement and documents referred to in subsection 95(3).

Note:          The parties to the review are set out in section 101.

             (2)  The SSAT Executive Director may, by writing given to the person, direct a person who is entitled to receive a copy of a statement or a document in accordance with subsection (1):

                     (a)  not to disclose information in the statement or document; or

                     (b)  not to disclose information in the statement or document except in the circumstances, or for the purposes, specified in the direction.

Offence

             (3)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the SSAT Executive Director gives a direction to the person under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person contravenes the direction.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years.

97  When document is not required to be sent

             (1)  Subject to section 98, the Registrar is not required, under paragraph 95(3)(b) or subsection 95(5), to send a document, or part of a document, that is relevant to a review if:

                     (a)  for a document or a part of a document that is required under paragraph 95(3)(b)—within 28 days after receiving the relevant notice under subsection 95(2); or

                     (b)  for a document or a part of a document that is required under subsection 95(5)—as soon as practicable;

the Registrar:

                     (c)  applies to the SSAT Executive Director for a direction under section 98 in relation to the document or the part of the document; and

                     (d)  sends to the SSAT 2 copies of the document or the part of the document, together with the application for the direction; and

                     (e)  gives a copy of the application for the direction to each party to the review.

          (1A)  Subject to section 98, the Registrar is not required, under subsection 96(1), to give a document, or part of a document, referred to in paragraph 95(3)(b) while the Registrar is not required to send the document or the part under subsection (1) of this section.

             (2)  Subsections (1) and (1A) do not affect the obligation of the Registrar to comply with paragraph 95(3)(b) or subsection 95(5) or 96(1) in relation to any document or part of a document to which subsection (1) or (1A) does not apply.

98  Directions prohibiting or restricting disclosure of documents

             (1)  If, after considering an application by the Registrar under section 97 for a direction in respect of a document or a part of a document, the SSAT Executive Director directs the Registrar to give each party to a review, under subsection 96(1), the document or the part of the document referred to in paragraph 95(3)(b), the Registrar must do so.

             (2)  The SSAT Executive Director may give directions (whether on application by the Registrar or on his or her initiative) prohibiting or restricting the disclosure to some or all of the parties to a review of the contents of a document or statement referred to in subsection 95(3) or (5) that relates to the review if he or she is satisfied that it is desirable to do so because of the confidential nature of the document or statement, or for any other reason.

             (3)  The SSAT Executive Director must give a copy of a direction given under subsection (2) to each party to the review.

Subdivision DEffect of variations of original decisions on applications

99  Variations of decisions before reviews completed

             (1)  If the Registrar varies a decision:

                     (a)  after an application has been made to the SSAT under this Part for review of the decision; but

                     (b)  before the determination of the review;

the application for review is to be treated as if it were an application for review of the decision as varied.

             (2)  If the Registrar sets a decision aside and substitutes a new decision:

                     (a)  after an application has been made to the SSAT for review of the original decision; but

                     (b)  before the determination of the review;

the application for review is to be treated as if it were an application for review of the new decision.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a person applies to the SSAT for review of a decision; and

                     (b)  before the determination of the review, the Registrar varies the decision or sets it aside and substitutes a new decision;

the person may:

                     (c)  proceed with the application for review of the decision as varied or the new decision, as the case may be; or

                     (d)  request the SSAT Executive Director to dismiss the application under section 100; or

                     (e)  notify, under section 100A, the SSAT that the application is discontinued or withdrawn.

Subdivision EDismissal of applications

99A  Subdivision does not apply in relation to Registrar

                   This Subdivision does not apply in relation to a party if the party is the Registrar.

100  Dismissal of an application

             (1)  The SSAT Executive Director may, on the request of a party or on his or her own initiative, dismiss an application for review of a decision if:

                     (a)  the decision is not reviewable under this Part; or

                     (b)  the application is frivolous or vexatious; or

                     (c)  all of the parties consent; or

                     (d)  the SSAT Executive Director is satisfied:

                              (i)  after having communicated with each party; or

                             (ii)  after having made reasonable attempts to communicate with each party and having failed to do so;

                            or a combination of both, that none of the parties intend to proceed with the application; or

                     (e)  all of the parties fail to attend the hearing; or

                      (f)  all of the parties have been removed from the proceeding under subsection 101(5).

             (2)  The SSAT Executive Director may dismiss an application under paragraph (1)(b) only if:

                     (a)  one of the following applies:

                              (i)  the SSAT Executive Director has received and considered submissions from the applicant;

                             (ii)  the SSAT Executive Director has otherwise communicated with the applicant in relation to the grounds of the application;

                            (iii)  the SSAT Executive Director has made reasonable attempts to communicate with the applicant in relation to the grounds of the application and has failed to do so; and

                     (b)  all of the parties (other than the applicant) consent to the dismissal.

100A  Dismissal of an application on request of party

             (1)  An applicant may, in writing lodged with the SSAT, at any time notify the SSAT that the application for review is discontinued or withdrawn.

             (2)  If notification is so given, the SSAT is taken to have dismissed the application without proceeding to review the decision.

             (3)  If the SSAT dismisses an application under subsection (2), a party to the review may, within 28 days after receiving notification that the application has been dismissed, request that the SSAT reinstate the application.

             (4)  If it considers it appropriate to do so, the SSAT may reinstate the application and give such directions as appear to it to be appropriate in the circumstances.

             (5)  If it appears to the SSAT that an application has been dismissed under subsection (2) in error, the SSAT may, on the request of a party to the review or on its own initiative, reinstate the application and give such directions as appear to it to be appropriate in the circumstances.


 

Division 3Parties to reviews

101  Parties to reviews

             (1)  The parties to a review under this Part are:

                     (a)  the applicant; and

                     (b)  the Registrar; and

                     (c)  any other person who was entitled to apply for review of the decision under section 89; and

                     (d)  any other person who has been made a party to the review under subsection (4).

SSAT Executive Director may add parties

             (2)  Any person whose interests are affected by the decision may apply in writing to the SSAT Executive Director to be made a party to the review.

             (3)  However, a person may not apply under subsection (2) if:

                     (a)  the person is a child of a party referred to in paragraph (1)(a), (c) or (d); or

                     (b)  a party referred to in paragraph (1)(a), (c) or (d) is a non‑parent carer of the person.

             (4)  The SSAT Executive Director may order that a person who has applied under subsection (2) be made a party to the review.

SSAT Executive Director may remove parties

             (5)  The SSAT Executive Director may direct that a party to a review no longer be a party to the review if:

                     (a)  the party consents; or

                     (b)  the SSAT Executive Director is satisfied:

                              (i)  after having communicated with the party; or

                             (ii)  after having made reasonable attempts to communicate with the party and having failed to do so;

                            that the party does not intend to participate in or proceed with the review; or

                     (c)  the party fails to comply with a direction or order of the SSAT or of the SSAT Executive Director given in relation to the review; or

                     (d)  the party fails to attend the hearing.

102  Notice of application to persons affected by decision

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  an application has been made to the SSAT under this Part for review of a decision; and

                     (b)  the SSAT Executive Director is satisfied that the interests of a person who is not a party to the review are affected by the decision;

the SSAT Executive Director must take reasonable steps to give the person written notice that an application has been made to the SSAT for review of the decision.

             (2)  However, subsection (1) does not apply to a person if:

                     (a)  the person is a child of a party referred to in paragraph 101(1)(a), (c) or (d); or

                     (b)  a party referred to in paragraph 101(1)(a), (c) or (d) is a non‑parent carer of the person.

             (3)  The notice under subsection (1):

                     (a)  must be in writing; and

                     (b)  must include, or be accompanied by, notification of the person’s right under subsection 101(2) to apply to the SSAT Executive Director to be added as a party to the review; and

                     (c)  may be given at any time before the determination of the review.

             (4)  The SSAT Executive Director must give each party to the review a copy of the notice.


 

Division 3APrehearing conferences

103  Pre‑hearing conferences

             (1)  The SSAT Executive Director may convene one or more conferences with the parties to a review if he or she considers that it would assist in the conduct and consideration of the review to do so.

             (2)  At a conference, the SSAT Executive Director may:

                     (a)  fix a day or days for the hearing; and

                     (b)  give directions about the time within which submissions are to be made to the SSAT; and

                     (c)  give directions about the time within which evidence is to be brought before the SSAT.

Note:          Section 103W applies if the parties reach an agreement at the pre‑hearing conference.


 

Division 4Hearings

Subdivision AArrangements for hearings

103A  Arrangements for hearings

             (1)  The SSAT Executive Director must fix a day, time and place for the hearing of a review of a decision if:

                     (a)  an application is made to the SSAT for review of the decision; and

                     (b)  the parties to the review do not reach an agreement before a hearing of the review is to begin; and

                     (c)  the SSAT Executive Director has not already done so at a pre‑hearing conference.

             (2)  The SSAT Executive Director must give the applicant and any other parties to the review written notice of the day, time and place fixed for the hearing of the application.

             (3)  The notice under subsection (2) must be given a reasonable time before the day fixed for the hearing.

Subdivision BSubmissions from parties other than the Registrar

103B  Subdivision does not apply in relation to Registrar

                   This Subdivision does not apply in relation to a party if the party is the Registrar.

103C  Submissions

             (1)  A party to a review under this Part may make:

                     (a)  oral submissions to the SSAT; or

                     (b)  written submissions to the SSAT; or

                     (c)  both oral and written submissions to the SSAT.

Note:          The SSAT Executive Director may direct that a hearing be conducted without oral submissions from the parties (see section 103D).

             (2)  A party to a review may have another person make submissions to the SSAT on his or her behalf.

             (3)  The SSAT Executive Director may determine that submissions to the SSAT by a party or a party’s representative are to be made by telephone or by means of other electronic communications equipment.

             (4)  Without limiting subsection (3), the SSAT Executive Director may make a determination under that subsection in relation to an application if:

                     (a)  the application is urgent; or

                     (b)  the party lives in a remote area and unreasonable expense would be incurred if the party or the party’s representative had to travel to the place at which the hearing is to be held; or

                     (c)  the party is unable to attend the hearing because of illness or infirmity; or

                     (d)  the party has failed to attend the hearing and has not indicated that he or she intends to attend the hearing.

             (5)  If a party is not proficient in English, the SSAT Executive Director may give directions in relation to the use of an interpreter in connection with the hearing of the review.

103D  Written submissions only

             (1)  The SSAT Executive Director may direct that a hearing be conducted without oral submissions from the parties if:

                     (a)  the SSAT Executive Director considers that the review hearing could be determined fairly on the basis of written submissions by the parties; and

                     (b)  all parties to the review consent to the hearing being conducted without oral submissions.

             (2)  If the SSAT Executive Director gives a direction under subsection (1), the SSAT Executive Director must give each of the parties to the review written notice:

                     (a)  informing the party of the direction; and

                     (b)  inviting the party to submit written submissions; and

                     (c)  specifying the address to which the written submissions are to be delivered; and

                     (d)  specifying the time within which the written submissions are to be delivered.

The SSAT Executive Director must give a copy of the notice to the Registrar.

             (3)  The time specified under paragraph (2)(d) must be such as to allow a reasonable period for the parties to make written submissions.

             (4)  Despite subsection (1), the SSAT, as constituted for the hearing, may, if it thinks necessary after considering the written submissions made by the parties, make an order permitting the parties to make oral submissions to the SSAT at the hearing of the review.

103E  Hearings without oral submissions from a party

             (1)  If a party to a review has informed the SSAT Executive Director that the party does not intend to make oral submissions to the SSAT, the SSAT may proceed to hear the application for review without oral submissions from the party.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the SSAT Executive Director has determined that oral submissions to the SSAT by a party or a party’s representative are to be made by telephone or by means of other electronic communications equipment; and

                     (b)  on the day fixed for the hearing, the presiding member of the SSAT as constituted for the purposes of the review has been unable to contact the party or the party’s representative, as the case may be, after taking reasonable steps to do so;

the SSAT Executive Director may authorise the SSAT to proceed to hear the application without oral submissions from the party or the party’s representative, as the case may be.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  the SSAT Executive Director has not determined that oral submissions to the SSAT by a party or a party’s representative are to be made by telephone or by means of other electronic communications equipment; and

                     (b)  the party or the party’s representative, as the case may be, does not attend the hearing at the time fixed for the hearing;

the SSAT Executive Director may authorise the SSAT to proceed to hear the application without oral submissions from the party or the party’s representative, as the case may be.

             (4)  If the SSAT Executive Director gives an authorisation under subsection (2) or (3), the SSAT may proceed to hear the application in accordance with the authorisation.

             (5)  If the hearing for the review has not been completed, the SSAT Executive Director may revoke an authorisation under subsection (2) or (3).

Subdivision CSubmissions from the Registrar

103F  Submissions from the Registrar

             (1)  The Registrar may make written submissions to the SSAT.

Registrar may request permission to make oral submissions

             (2)  The Registrar may, by writing, request the SSAT Executive Director for permission to make:

                     (a)  oral submissions to the SSAT; or

                     (b)  both oral and written submissions to the SSAT.

The request must explain how such submissions would assist the SSAT.

             (3)  The SSAT Executive Director may, by writing, grant the request if, in the opinion of the SSAT Executive Director having regard to the objective laid down by section 88, such submissions would assist the SSAT.

SSAT may order Registrar to make oral submissions

             (4)  The SSAT Executive Director may order the Registrar to make:

                     (a)  oral submissions to the SSAT; or

                     (b)  both oral and written submissions to the SSAT;

if, in the opinion of the SSAT Executive Director having regard to the objective laid down by section 88, such submissions would assist the SSAT.

Subdivision DOther evidence provisions

103G  Evidence on oath or affirmation

                   The SSAT may take evidence on oath or affirmation for the purposes of a review of a decision.

103H  Children of parties not to give evidence

                   A person may not give evidence for the purposes of a review of a decision if:

                     (a)  the person is a child of a party referred to in paragraph 101(1)(a), (c) or (d); or

                     (b)  a party referred to in paragraph 101(1)(a), (c) or (d) is a non‑parent carer of the person.

103J  Provision of further information by Registrar

             (1)  The SSAT Executive Director may ask the Registrar to provide the SSAT with information or a document that the Registrar has and that is relevant to the review of a decision.

             (2)  The Registrar must comply with a request under subsection (1):

                     (a)  as soon as practicable; and

                     (b)  in any event—not later than 14 days after the request is made.

             (3)  If the request is for a document, the Registrar must provide the SSAT with:

                     (a)  if the request specifies a number of copies—that number of copies of the document; or

                     (b)  otherwise—2 copies of the document.

103K  Power to obtain information

             (1)  The SSAT Executive Director may, if it is reasonably necessary for the purposes of a review, by written notice given to the person, require a person:

                     (a)  to give to the SSAT:

                              (i)  within a reasonable period specified in the notice (being a period of not less than 7 days); and

                             (ii)  in a reasonable manner specified in the notice;

                            such information as the SSAT Executive Director requires; or

                     (b)  to attend before the SSAT:

                              (i)  at a reasonable time specified in the notice; and

                             (ii)  at a reasonable place specified in the notice;

                            and then and there answer questions; or

                     (c)  to produce to the SSAT:

                              (i)  at a reasonable time specified in the notice; and

                             (ii)  at a reasonable place specified in the notice;

                            any documents in the custody or under the control of the person.

             (2)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the SSAT Executive Director gives the person a notice under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  the person refuses or fails to comply with the notice.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 6 months.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not apply if complying with the notice might tend to incriminate the person.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (3) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

             (4)  A person who is required to attend under this section is allowed such expenses as are prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of subsection 120(2).

103L  SSAT may require Registrar to obtain information

             (1)  If the SSAT Executive Director is satisfied that a person:

                     (a)  has information that is relevant to a review; or

                     (b)  has custody or control of a document that is relevant to a review;

the SSAT Executive Director may, for the purpose of the review, ask the Registrar to exercise the Registrar’s powers under section 161 of the Assessment Act or section 120 of this Act.

Note:          A person who fails to comply with a notice given under section 161 of the Assessment Act or section 120 of this Act commits an offence under that section.

             (2)  The Registrar must comply with a request under subsection (1):

                     (a)  as soon as practicable; and

                     (b)  in any event—within 7 days after the request is made.

Subdivision EHearing procedure

103M  Chair for hearings

             (1)  If the SSAT is constituted by 2 or more members for the purposes of the review of a decision, the SSAT Executive Director must designate one of those members as the member who is to preside at the hearing of the review.

             (2)  If the SSAT Executive Director is one of those members, he or she may designate himself or herself as the member who is to preside.

103N  Hearing procedure

             (1)  The SSAT, in reviewing a decision under this Part:

                     (a)  is not bound by legal technicalities, legal forms or rules of evidence; and

                     (b)  is to act as speedily as a proper consideration of the review allows; and

                     (c)  in determining what a proper consideration of the review requires, must have regard to the objective laid down by section 88.

             (2)  The SSAT may inform itself on any matter relevant to a review of a decision in any manner it considers appropriate.

Note:          The SSAT Executive Director may give directions as to the procedure to be followed in connection with reviews (see section 103ZA).

103P  Hearing in private

             (1)  The hearing of a review must be in private.

             (2)  The SSAT Executive Director may give directions, in writing or otherwise, as to the persons who may be present at any hearing of a review.

             (3)  In giving directions under subsection (2), the Executive Director must have regard to:

                     (a)  the wishes of the parties; and

                     (b)  the need to protect their privacy.

103Q  Restrictions on disclosure of information obtained at hearing

             (1)  The SSAT Executive Director may make an order directing a person who is present at the hearing of a review:

                     (a)  not to disclose information obtained by the person in the course of the hearing; or

                     (b)  not to disclose information obtained by the person in the course of the hearing except in the circumstances, or for the purposes, specified in the order.

             (2)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the SSAT Executive Director makes an order under subsection (1) in relation to the person; and

                     (b)  the person contravenes the order.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years.

103R  Adjournment of hearings

             (1)  The SSAT may adjourn the hearing of a review from time to time.

             (2)  Without limiting subsection (1), the SSAT may refuse to adjourn the hearing of a review if:

                     (a)  the hearing has already been adjourned on 2 or more occasions; or

                     (b)  the SSAT is satisfied that to grant an adjournment would be inconsistent with the pursuit of the objective laid down by section 88.


 

Division 5Decisions on review

Subdivision ASSAT review powers

103S  SSAT must affirm, vary or set aside decisions

                   If a person applies to the SSAT for review of a decision under this Part, the SSAT must:

                     (a)  affirm the decision; or

                     (b)  vary the decision; or

                     (c)  set the decision aside and:

                              (i)  substitute a new decision; or

                             (ii)  send the matter back to the Registrar for reconsideration in accordance with any directions or recommendations of the SSAT.

103T  Powers of the SSAT for purposes of reviews

             (1)  Subject to the regulations, the SSAT may, for the purpose of reviewing a decision under this Part, exercise all the powers and discretions that are conferred by this Act and the Assessment Act on the Registrar.

             (2)  To avoid doubt, any limitation on the exercise of a power or discretion by the Registrar also limits the exercise of that power or discretion by the SSAT under this Part.

             (3)  The regulations may specify provisions of this Act and the Assessment Act to which subsection (1) does not apply.

103U  Decision of questions before SSAT

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), a question arising before the SSAT on a review is to be decided according to the opinion of a majority of the members constituting the SSAT for the purposes of the review.

             (2)  If, on a question arising on a review, the opinions of the members of the SSAT are equally divided, the question is to be decided according to the opinion of the member presiding.

103V  Date of effect of SSAT decisions

             (1)  This section applies if the SSAT:

                     (a)  varies a decision under review; or

                     (b)  sets aside a decision under review and substitutes a new decision.

             (2)  The decision as varied or the new decision (as the case may be) has effect, or is to be taken to have had effect, on and from:

                     (a)  if the SSAT specifies a day in its decision (whether before or after the day on which the decision is given)—the day specified; or

                     (b)  otherwise—the day on which the decision under review has or had effect.

Note:          The SSAT cannot specify a day that the Registrar could not have specified (see subsection 103T(2)).

103VA  Appeal to AAT on decisions relating to percentages of care

             (1)  A party to a review aggrieved by a decision of the SSAT under this Part relating to a party’s percentage of care for a child may apply to the AAT for review of the decision.

             (2)  In subsection (1):

decision has the same meaning as in the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975.

Subdivision BConsent orders

103W  Powers of SSAT if parties reach agreement

             (1)  If, at any stage of a proceeding for a review (including at a pre‑hearing conference under section 103):

                     (a)  the parties (other than the Registrar) agree to the terms of a decision of the SSAT:

                              (i)  in the proceeding; or

                             (ii)  in relation to a part of the proceeding, or a matter arising out of the proceeding;

                            that would be acceptable to the parties; and

                     (b)  the terms of the agreement are:

                              (i)  put in writing; and

                             (ii)  signed by or on behalf of the parties; and

                            (iii)  lodged with the SSAT; and

                     (c)  the SSAT is satisfied that a decision in those terms, or consistent with those terms, would be within the powers of the SSAT;

the SSAT may, if it appears to it to be appropriate to do so, act in accordance with whichever of subsection (2) or (3) is relevant in the particular case.

Note:          The SSAT cannot make a decision that the Registrar could not have made (see subsection 103T(2)).

             (2)  If the agreement reached is an agreement as to the terms of a decision of the SSAT in the proceeding, the SSAT may make a decision in accordance with those terms:

                     (a)  without holding a hearing of the proceeding; or

                     (b)  if a hearing has commenced—without completing the hearing.

             (3)  If the agreement relates to a part of the proceeding, or a matter arising out of the proceeding, the SSAT may in its decision in the proceeding give effect to the terms of the agreement without dealing at the hearing of the proceeding with the part or matter to which the agreement relates.

             (4)  The SSAT must not make a decision by consent under subsection (2) or (3) in relation to a departure from administrative assessment of child support in accordance with Part 6A of the Act unless it is satisfied that it is just and equitable and otherwise proper to do so, having regard to the matters set out in subsections 117(4) and (5).

Subdivision CNotification and publication of decisions

103X  Procedure following SSAT decision

             (1)  If the SSAT makes a decision on a review, the SSAT must:

                     (a)  within 14 days after making the decision, give a written notice to the parties that:

                              (i)  sets out the decision; and

                             (ii)  sets out the effect of section 110B (appeal made to a court on a question of law); and

                            (iii)  if the decision relates to a party’s percentage of care for a child—that a party may, subject to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975, apply to the AAT for review of the decision, and request a statement under section 28 of that Act (except where subsection 28(4) of that Act applies); and

                     (b)  return to the Registrar any original document that the Registrar has provided to the SSAT in connection with the review; and

                     (c)  give the Registrar a copy of any other document that contains evidence or material on which the findings on any material questions of fact are based.

Note:          Within the 14 days referred to in paragraph (1)(a), the SSAT must also give the parties oral or written reasons for the decision (see subsection (3)).

             (2)  A failure to comply with subparagraph (1)(a)(ii) or (iii) in relation to a decision of the SSAT does not affect the validity of the decision.

Statements of reasons

             (3)  The SSAT must, within 14 days after making the decision, either:

                     (a)  do both of the following:

                              (i)  give reasons for the decision orally to the parties;

                             (ii)  explain that the parties may request a written notice under paragraph (b) within 14 days after the notice is given under paragraph (1)(a); or

                     (b)  give to each party a written notice (whether or not as part of the notice under paragraph (1)(a)) that:

                              (i)  sets out the reasons for the decision; and

                             (ii)  sets out the findings on any material questions of fact; and

                            (iii)  refers to evidence or other material on which the findings of fact are based.

             (4)  If the SSAT does not give a written notice to a party under paragraph (3)(b), the party may, within 14 days after the day on which the notice under paragraph (1)(a) is given to the party, request such a notice from the SSAT.

             (5)  The SSAT must comply with a request under subsection (4) within 14 days after the day on which it receives the request.

103Y  Correction of errors in decisions or statements of reasons

Correction of errors

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the SSAT makes a decision on a review; and

                     (b)  the presiding member of the SSAT as constituted for the purposes of the review is satisfied that there is an obvious error in:

                              (i)  the text of the decision; or

                             (ii)  a written statement of reasons for the decision;

the presiding member may alter the text of the decision or statement.

             (2)  If the text of a decision or statement is altered under subsection (1), the altered text is taken to be the decision of the SSAT or the statement of reasons for the decision, as the case may be.

Examples of obvious errors

             (3)  Examples of obvious errors in the text of a decision or statement of reasons are if:

                     (a)  there is an obvious clerical or typographical error in the text of the decision or statement; or

                     (b)  there is an inconsistency between the decision and the statement.

Subdivision DCosts

103Z  Costs of review

             (1)  Subject to subsection (4), a party to a review must bear any expenses incurred by the party in connection with the review.

             (2)  The SSAT may determine that the Commonwealth is to pay the reasonable costs that are:

                     (a)  incurred by a party for travel and accommodation in connection with the review; and

                     (b)  specified in the determination.

             (3)  If the SSAT arranges for the provision of a medical service in relation to a party to a review, the SSAT may determine that the Commonwealth is to pay the costs of the provision of the service.

             (4)  If the SSAT makes a determination under subsection (2) or (3), the costs to which the determination relates are payable by the Commonwealth.


 

Division 6Other provisions

103ZA  Directions as to procedure for reviews

Directions by SSAT Executive Director

             (1)  The SSAT Executive Director:

                     (a)  may give general directions as to the procedure to be followed by the SSAT in connection with the review of decisions under this Part; and

                     (b)  may give directions as to the procedure to be followed by the SSAT in connection with a particular review.

             (2)  A direction under subsection (1) must not be inconsistent with any provision of the Assessment Act or this Act.

             (3)  A direction under paragraph (1)(b) may be given before or after the hearing of the particular review has commenced.

Directions by presiding member

             (4)  The presiding member of the SSAT as constituted for the purposes of a particular review may give directions as to the procedure to be followed on the hearing of the review.

             (5)  A direction under subsection (4) must not be inconsistent with:

                     (a)  any provision of the Assessment Act; or

                     (b)  any provision of this Act; or

                     (c)  a direction under subsection (1).

             (6)  A direction under subsection (4) may be given before or after the hearing of the particular review has commenced.

Directions must have regard to SSAT objective

             (7)  Directions under this section must have due regard to the objective laid down by section 88.

Legislative instrument status of instruments

             (8)  A general direction made under paragraph (1)(a) is a legislative instrument.

             (9)  A direction made under paragraph (1)(b) or subsection (4) is not a legislative instrument.


 

Part VIIICourt review of certain decisions

Division 1Preliminary

103ZB  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      Jurisdiction under this Act is conferred on certain federal and State courts.

•      A person may appeal a decision of the SSAT under Part VIIA to a court on an error of law.

•      The SSAT may refer a question of law arising in a proceeding under Part VIIA to a court.


 

Division 2Jurisdiction of courts

103ZC  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Division:

•      Jurisdiction under this Act is conferred on the Family Court, the Federal Magistrates Court and certain State and Territory courts.

•      This Division also provides for appeals to the Family Court from other courts.

104  Jurisdiction of courts under Act

             (1)  Jurisdiction is conferred on the Family Court and the Federal Magistrates Court and, subject to subsection (7), the Supreme Court of the Northern Territory, and each Family Court of a State is invested with federal jurisdiction in relation to matters arising under this Act.

             (2)  Subject to subsections (5) and (7), each court of summary jurisdiction of each State is invested with federal jurisdiction, and jurisdiction is conferred on each court of summary jurisdiction of each Territory, in relation to matters arising under this Act.

             (3)  The Governor‑General may, by Proclamation, fix a day as the day on and after which proceedings in relation to matters arising under this Act may not be instituted in, or transferred to, a court of summary jurisdiction in a specified State or Territory.

             (4)  A Proclamation under subsection (3) may be expressed to apply only in relation to:

                     (a)  proceedings of specified classes; or

                     (b)  the institution of proceedings in, or the transfer of proceedings to, a court of summary jurisdiction in a specified part of a State or Territory.

             (5)  A court of summary jurisdiction shall not hear or determine proceedings under this Act otherwise than in accordance with any Proclamation in force under subsection (3) of this section.

             (6)  The Governor‑General may, by Proclamation, declare that a Proclamation under subsection (3) is revoked on and from a specified day and, on and from the specified day, this Act (including subsection (3)) has effect as if the revoked Proclamation had not been made, but without prejudice to the effect of the revoked Proclamation in relation to the jurisdiction of courts before the specified day.

             (7)  Jurisdiction in relation to a matter arising under this Act in relation to which a proceeding is instituted under this Act is not conferred on a court of a Territory unless at least one of the parties to the proceeding (not being the Registrar) is, on the day of the institution of the proceeding or the day of the transfer of the proceeding to that court, ordinarily resident in the Territory.

             (8)  The jurisdiction conferred on or invested in a court by this section includes jurisdiction in relation to matters arising under this Act in relation to which proceedings are transferred to that court under another law of the Commonwealth.

             (9)  The jurisdiction conferred on or invested in a court by this section is in addition to any jurisdiction conferred on or invested in the court apart from this section.

105  Application of Family Law Act

             (1)  The Family Law Act 1975 (other than Part X of that Act), the standard Rules of Court and the related Federal Magistrates Rules apply, subject to this Act and with such modifications as are prescribed by the applicable Rules of Court, to proceedings under this Act (other than proceedings under subparagraph 113(c)(i)) as if:

                     (a)  the proceedings were proceedings under that Act;

                     (b)  the proceedings were proceedings instituted under that Act;

                     (c)  a court having or exercising jurisdiction in the proceedings were a court having or exercising jurisdiction under that Act;

                     (d)  a decree made in the proceedings were a decree made under that Act;

                     (e)  matters arising in the proceedings were matters arising under that Act; and

                      (f)  any other necessary changes were made.

          (1A)  In the application of subsection (1) to proceedings under this Act in relation to a child, references in paragraphs (1)(a) to (e) (inclusive) to the Family Law Act 1975 are to be taken to be references to Part VII of that Act.

             (2)  Where any difficulty arises in the application of subsection (1) in or in relation to a particular proceeding, the court exercising jurisdiction in the proceeding may, on the application of a party to the proceeding or of its own motion, give such directions, and make such orders, as it considers appropriate to resolve the difficulty.

106  Appellate jurisdiction of Family Court under Act

             (1)  The Family Court has jurisdiction with respect to matters arising under this Act in relation to which:

                     (a)  applications for leave to appeal referred to in section 107, 107A or 110 are made; and

                     (b)  appeals referred to in section 107, 107A or 110 are instituted.

             (2)  Subject to section 110, in an appeal under section 107, 107A or 110, the Family Court shall have regard to the evidence given in the proceedings out of which the appeal arose and has power to draw inferences of fact and, in its discretion, to receive further evidence on questions of fact.

             (3)  The further evidence may be given by affidavit, by oral examination before the Family Court or a Judge or in such other manner as the Family Court directs.

107  Appeals to Family Court from courts other than the Federal Magistrates Court and the Magistrates Court of Western Australia

             (1)  An appeal lies, with the leave of a Full Court of the Family Court, to a Full Court from:

                     (a)  a decree of the Family Court, constituted otherwise than as a Full Court, exercising original or appellate jurisdiction under this Act; or

                     (b)  a decree of:

                              (i)  a Family Court of a State; or

                             (ii)  the Supreme Court of the Northern Territory constituted by a single Judge;

                            exercising original or appellate jurisdiction under this Act.

          (1A)  An appeal lies, with the leave of a Full Court of the Family Court, from a decree or decision of a Judge exercising original or appellate jurisdiction under this Act rejecting an application that he or she disqualify himself or herself from further hearing a matter.

             (2)  An application for leave to appeal under subsection (1) or (1A) shall be made within the time prescribed by the standard Rules of Court or within such further time as is allowed in accordance with the standard Rules of Court.

             (3)  On an appeal to the Full Court, the Full Court may affirm, reverse or vary the decree or decision the subject of the appeal and may make such decree or decision as, in the opinion of the Full Court, ought to have been made in the first instance, or may, if it considers appropriate, order a re‑hearing, on such terms and conditions (if any) as it considers appropriate.

             (4)  If, in dismissing an appeal under subsection (1) or (1A), the Full Court is of the opinion that the appeal does not raise any question of general principle, it may, in accordance with the standard Rules of Court, give reasons for its decision in short form.

             (5)  A Full Court of the Family Court, or a Judge of the Appeal Division or other Judge if there is no Judge of the Appeal Division available, may:

                     (a)  join or remove a party to an appeal under subsection (1) or (1A); or

                     (b)  make an order by consent disposing of an appeal under subsection (1) or (1A) (including an order for costs); or

                     (c)  give directions about the conduct of an appeal under subsection (1) or (1A), including directions about the use of written submissions and limiting the time for oral argument.

             (6)  The standard Rules of Court may make provision enabling matters of the kind mentioned in subsection (5) to be dealt with, subject to conditions prescribed by the standard Rules of Court, without an oral hearing.

             (7)  Applications:

                     (a)  for an extension of time within which to institute an appeal under subsection (1) or (1A); or

                     (b)  for leave to amend the grounds of an appeal under subsection (1) or (1A); or

                     (c)  to reinstate an appeal under subsection (1) or (1A) that, because of the standard Rules of Court, was taken to have been abandoned; or

                     (d)  to stay an order of a Full Court of the Family Court made in connection with an appeal under subsection (1) or (1A);

may be heard and determined by a Judge of the Appeal Division or other Judge if there is no Judge of the Appeal Division available, or by a Full Court of the Family Court.

             (8)  The standard Rules of Court may make provision enabling applications of a kind mentioned in subsection (7) to be dealt with, subject to conditions prescribed by the standard Rules of Court, without an oral hearing.

             (9)  No appeal lies under this section from an order or decision made under subsection (5) or (7).

107A  Appeals to Family Court from the Federal Magistrates Court and the Magistrates Court of Western Australia

             (1)  An appeal lies, with the leave of the Family Court, to the Family Court from:

                     (a)  a decree of the Federal Magistrates Court exercising original jurisdiction under this Act; or

                     (b)  a decree or decision of a Federal Magistrate exercising original jurisdiction under this Act rejecting an application that he or she disqualify himself or herself from further hearing a matter.

However, an appeal does not lie to the Family Court from a decree of the Federal Magistrates Court exercising jurisdiction under section 72Q.

Note:          An appeal from a decree of the Federal Magistrates Court exercising jurisdiction under section 72Q lies to the Federal Court of Australia.

          (1A)  An appeal lies, with the leave of the Family Court, to the Family Court from:

                     (a)  a decree of the Magistrates Court of Western Australia constituted by a Family Law Magistrate of Western Australia exercising original jurisdiction under this Act; or

                     (b)  a decree or decision of a Family Law Magistrate of Western Australia exercising in the Magistrates Court of Western Australia original jurisdiction under this Act rejecting an application that he or she disqualify himself or herself from further hearing a matter.

             (2)  The jurisdiction of the Family Court in relation to an appeal under subsection (1) or (1A) is to be exercised by a Full Court unless the Chief Judge of the Family Court considers that it is appropriate for the jurisdiction of the Family Court in relation to the appeal to be exercised by a single Judge.

             (3)  Subsection (2) has effect subject to subsections (7) and (9).

             (4)  An application for leave to appeal under subsection (1) or (1A) is to be made within:

                     (a)  the time prescribed by the standard Rules of Court; or

                     (b)  such further time as is allowed under the standard Rules of Court.

             (5)  On an appeal under subsection (1) or (1A), the Family Court may affirm, reverse or vary the decree or decision the subject of the appeal and may make such decree or decision as, in the opinion of the court, ought to have been made in the first instance, or may, if it considers appropriate, order a re‑hearing, on such terms and conditions (if any) as it considers appropriate.

             (6)  If, in dismissing an appeal under subsection (1) or (1A), the Family Court is of the opinion that the appeal does not raise any question of general principle, it may, in accordance with the standard Rules of Court, give reasons for its decision in short form.

             (7)  A single Judge or a Full Court may:

                     (a)  join or remove a party to an appeal under subsection (1) or (1A); or

                     (b)  make an order by consent disposing of an appeal under subsection (1) or (1A) (including an order for costs); or

                     (c)  give directions about the conduct of an appeal under subsection (1) or (1A), including directions about:

                              (i)  the use of written submissions; and

                             (ii)  limiting the time for oral argument.

             (8)  The standard Rules of Court may make provision enabling matters of the kind mentioned in subsection (7) to be dealt with, subject to conditions prescribed by the standard Rules of Court, without an oral hearing.

             (9)  Applications:

                     (a)  for leave to appeal under subsection (1) or (1A); or

                     (b)  for an extension of time within which to make an application for leave to appeal under subsection (1) or (1A); or

                     (c)  for leave to amend the grounds of an appeal under subsection (1) or (1A); or

                     (d)  to reinstate an appeal under subsection (1) or (1A) that, because of the standard Rules of Court, was taken to have been abandoned; or

                     (e)  to stay an order of the Family Court made in connection with an appeal under subsection (1) or (1A);

may be heard and determined by a single Judge or by a Full Court.

           (10)  The standard Rules of Court may make provision enabling applications of a kind mentioned in subsection (9) to be dealt with, subject to conditions prescribed by the standard Rules of Court, without an oral hearing.

           (11)  An appeal does not lie to a Full Court from a decision of a single Judge exercising jurisdiction under this section.

           (12)  The single Judge referred to in subsection (2), (7) or (9) need not be a member of the Appeal Division of the Family Court.

108  Cases stated

             (1)  If, in proceedings in a court under this Act, being proceedings in which a decree to which subsection 107(1) applies could be made, a question of law arises that the Judge and at least one of the parties wish to have determined by a Full Court of the Family Court before the proceedings are further dealt with, the Judge shall state the facts and question in the form of a special case for the opinion of a Full Court, and a Full Court shall hear and determine the question.

             (2)  The Full Court may draw, from the facts and the documents, any inference, whether of fact or law, that could have been drawn from them by the Judge.

             (3)  If, in proceedings in the Federal Magistrates Court, being proceedings in which a decree to which subsection 107A(1) applies could be made, a question of law arises which:

                     (a)  the Federal Magistrate; and

                     (b)  at least one of the parties;

wish to have determined by a Full Court of the Family Court before the proceedings are further dealt with:

                     (c)  the Federal Magistrate must state the facts and question in the form of a special case for the opinion of a Full Court; and

                     (d)  a Full Court must hear and determine the question.

             (4)  The Full Court may draw, from the facts and the documents, any inference, whether of fact or of law, that could have been drawn from them by the Federal Magistrate.

             (5)  If, in proceedings in the Magistrates Court of Western Australia constituted by a Family Law Magistrate of Western Australia, being proceedings in which a decree to which subsection 107A(1A) applies could be made, a question of law arises which:

                     (a)  the Magistrate; and

                     (b)  at least one of the parties;

wish to have determined by a Full Court of the Family Court before the proceedings are further dealt with:

                     (c)  the Magistrate must state the facts and question in the form of a special case for the opinion of a Full Court; and

                     (d)  a Full Court must hear and determine the question.

             (6)  The Full Court may draw, from the facts and the documents, any inference, whether of fact or of law, that could have been drawn from them by the Magistrate.

109  Appeals to High Court

                   Notwithstanding anything contained in any other Act, an appeal does not lie to the High Court from a decree of a court exercising jurisdiction under this Act, whether original or appellate, except:

                     (a)  by special leave of the High Court; or

                     (b)  on a certificate of a Full Court of the Family Court that an important question of law or of public interest is involved.

110  Appeals from courts of summary jurisdiction

          (1A)  This section does not apply to a decree of the Magistrates Court of Western Australia constituted by a Family Law Magistrate of Western Australia.

Note:          Appeals from these decrees are dealt with in section 107A.

             (1)  Subject to subsections (2) and (5), an appeal lies from a decree of a court of summary jurisdiction of a State or Territory exercising jurisdiction under this Act to the Family Court or:

                     (a)  in the case of a court of summary jurisdiction of a State that has a Family Court of the State—to the Family Court of the State; or

                     (b)  in the case of a court of summary jurisdiction of the Northern Territory—to the Supreme Court of the Northern Territory.

             (2)  An appeal lies to a court under subsection (1) only with the leave of the court.

             (3)  An application for leave to appeal under subsection (1) shall be made within the time prescribed by the standard Rules of Court or within such further time as is allowed in accordance with the standard Rules of Court.

             (4)  A Family Court of a State is invested with federal jurisdiction, and jurisdiction is conferred on the Supreme Court of the Northern Territory, with respect to matters arising under this Act in relation to which applications for leave to appeal are made under subsection (1) and appeals are instituted under that subsection.

             (5)  The Governor‑General may, by Proclamation, fix a day as the day on or after which applications may not be made to the Family Court of a State or the Supreme Court of the Northern Territory for leave to appeal under subsection (1).

             (6)  A court hearing an appeal under subsection (1):

                     (a)  shall, subject to subsection (7), proceed by way of a hearing de novo, but may receive as evidence any record of evidence given, including any affidavit filed or exhibit received in the court of summary jurisdiction; and

                     (b)  may make such decrees as it considers appropriate, including a decree affirming, reversing or varying the decree the subject of the appeal.

             (7)  Where a court has granted leave to appeal under subsection (1), the court may refer the appeal to a Full Court of the Family Court.

             (8)  Where an appeal is referred to a Full Court of the Family Court under subsection (7), the Full Court may:

                     (a)  proceed by way of a hearing de novo, but may receive as evidence any record of evidence given, including any affidavit filed or exhibit received in the court of summary jurisdiction;

                     (b)  order that questions of fact arising in the proceedings be tried by a Judge;

                     (c)  determine questions of law arising in the proceedings and remit the appeal to a Judge for hearing in accordance with directions given by it; and

                     (d)  make such other decrees as it considers appropriate, including a decree affirming, reversing or varying the decree the subject of the appeal.


 

Division 3Appeals and references of questions of law from SSAT to courts

Subdivision APreliminary

110A  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Division:

•      If a person is dissatisfied with a decision of the SSAT on a question of law in relation to a review under Part VIIA of a decision of the Registrar, the person may appeal the decision to a court.

•      The SSAT may refer a question of law arising in a proceeding under Part VIIA to a court.

Subdivision BAppeals from decisions of SSAT

110B  Appeals from decisions of SSAT

                   A party to a proceeding before the SSAT under Part VIIA may appeal to a court having jurisdiction under this Act, on a question of law, from any decision of the SSAT in that proceeding.

110C  Time limits for instituting appeals

             (1)  An appeal by a person under this Division must be instituted in a court:

                     (a)  within:

                              (i)  the time prescribed by the applicable Rules of Court; or

                             (ii)  such further time as is allowed under the applicable Rules of Court; and

                     (b)  in such manner as is prescribed by the applicable Rules of Court.

             (2)  Without limiting the grounds on which further time may be allowed under subparagraph (1)(a)(ii), further time may, in the interests of justice, be allowed on the ground that:

                     (a)  the SSAT made an oral statement as to the reasons for the decision under paragraph 103X(3)(a); and

                     (b)  the SSAT later gave a written statement of reasons for the decision under paragraph 103X(3)(b) or subsection 103X(5); and

                     (c)  the written statement contains reasons that were not mentioned in the oral statement.

110D  Parties to appeals

                   The parties to a proceeding under this Subdivision are the people who were the parties to the proceeding before the SSAT when the SSAT made the relevant decision.

110E  Constitution of courts

                   The jurisdiction of a court to hear and determine appeals instituted in that court in accordance with this Subdivision may be exercised by the court constituted:

                     (a)  as a Full Court (if the court can be constituted as a Full Court); or

                     (b)  by a single judge (including a Federal Magistrate) or by a single magistrate.

110F  Powers of courts

             (1)  The court must hear and determine an appeal under this Subdivision and may make such order as it thinks appropriate by reason of its decision.

             (2)  Without limiting subsection (1), the orders that may be made by the court on an appeal include:

                     (a)  an order affirming or setting aside the decision of the SSAT; or

                     (b)  an order remitting the case to be heard and decided again, either with or without the hearing of further evidence, by the SSAT in accordance with the directions of the court.

Constitution of SSAT if courts remit cases etc.

             (3)  If the court makes an order remitting a case to be heard and decided again by the SSAT:

                     (a)  the SSAT need not be constituted for the hearing by the person or persons who made the decision to which the appeal relates; and

                     (b)  whether or not the SSAT is reconstituted for the hearing—the SSAT may, for the purposes of the proceeding, have regard to any record of the proceeding before the SSAT prior to the appeal (including a record of any evidence taken in the proceeding), so long as doing so is not inconsistent with the directions of the court.

110G  Courts may make findings of fact

             (1)  If a party to a proceeding before the SSAT appeals to a court under this Subdivision, the court may make findings of fact if:

                     (a)  the findings of fact are not inconsistent with findings of fact made by the SSAT (other than findings made by the SSAT as the result of an error of law); and

                     (b)  it appears to the court that it is convenient for the court to make the findings of fact, having regard to:

                              (i)  the extent (if any) to which it is necessary for facts to be found; and

                             (ii)  the means by which those facts might be established; and

                            (iii)  the expeditious and efficient resolution of the whole of the matter to which the proceeding before the SSAT relates; and

                            (iv)  the relative expense to the parties of the court, rather than the SSAT, in making the findings of fact; and

                             (v)  the relative delay to the parties of the court, rather than the SSAT, in making the findings of fact; and

                            (vi)  whether any of the parties considers that it is appropriate for the court, rather than the SSAT, to make the findings of fact; and

                           (vii)  such other matters (if any) as the court considers relevant.

             (2)  For the purposes of making findings of fact under subsection (1), the court may:

                     (a)  have regard to the evidence given in the proceeding before the SSAT; and

                     (b)  receive further evidence.

             (3)  Subsection (1) does not limit the court’s power under paragraph 110F(2)(b) to make an order remitting the case to be heard and decided again by the SSAT.

Subdivision CReferences of questions of law from SSAT

110H  Reference of questions of law to courts

             (1)  The SSAT may:

                     (a)  of its own initiative; or

                     (b)  at the request of a party;

refer a question of law arising in a proceeding before the SSAT under Part VIIA to a court having jurisdiction under this Act for decision.

             (2)  A question must not be so referred without the agreement of the SSAT Executive Director.

             (3)  If a question of law arising in any proceeding has been referred to a court under this Subdivision, the SSAT must not, in that proceeding:

                     (a)  give a decision to which the question is relevant while the reference is pending; or

                     (b)  proceed in a manner, or make a decision, that is inconsistent with the opinion of the court on the question.

110J  Constitution of courts

                   The jurisdiction of a court to hear and determine a question of law under this Subdivision may be exercised by the court constituted:

                     (a)  as a Full Court (if the court can be constituted as a Full Court); or

                     (b)  by a single judge (including a Federal Magistrate) or by a single magistrate.

Subdivision DOther provisions

110K  Sending of documents to, and disclosure of documents by, the court

                   When an appeal is instituted in a court, or a question of law is referred to a court, under this Division, the SSAT Executive Director must cause to be sent to the court all documents:

                     (a)  that were before the SSAT in relation to the proceeding to which the appeal or the reference relates; and

                     (b)  that are relevant to the appeal or the reference.


 

Part VIIIAOther provisions relating to reviews of decisions

Division 1APreliminary

110N  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      The reconsideration of a decision by the Registrar, the SSAT or a court does not affect the operation of the decision or prevent the taking of any action to implement the decision.

•      Once a decision becomes final, the Registrar must implement the decision.

•      A person might commit an offence if the person publishes an account of a proceeding, or a list of proceedings, under Part VIIA or Division 3 of Part VIII that identifies a witness or party.


 

Division 1Effect of pending reconsiderations on assessments, registrations etc.

Subdivision APreliminary

110P  Scope of Division

             (1)  This Division applies for the purposes of the Assessment Act and this Act.

             (2)  This Division is subject to section 111C (stay orders).

110Q  Meaning of reconsideration

                   For the purposes of this Act, each of the following is a reconsideration of a decision:

                     (a)  an objection to the decision under Part VII;

                     (b)  an application to the SSAT for review of that objection under Part VIIA;

                     (c)  an appeal to a court from that review under Division 3 of Part VIII;

                     (d)  an appeal to another court from that appeal under Division 2 of Part VIII and any subsequent appeals under that Division.

Subdivision BEffect of pending reconsiderations

110R  Pending reconsiderations do not affect operation of decisions

                   The institution of a reconsideration of a decision does not:

                     (a)  affect the operation of the decision; or

                     (b)  prevent the taking of action to implement the decision.

110S  Pending reconsiderations not to affect registrations etc.

             (1)  The fact that a reconsideration of a decision in relation to a registrable maintenance liability is pending does not, in the meantime, interfere with, or affect:

                     (a)  the registration of the liability; or

                     (b)  the particulars entered in the Child Support Register in relation to the liability.

             (2)  Amounts payable under such a liability or payable, by way of penalty, in relation to such a liability may be recovered as if no reconsideration were pending.

110T  Pending reconsiderations do not affect assessments

             (1)  The fact that a reconsideration of a decision is pending in relation to a person does not, in the meantime, interfere with, or affect, any administrative assessment made in relation to the person.

             (2)  Any such assessment may be registered under the Assessment Act, and any amounts of child support and other amounts may be recovered in relation to the assessment, as if no reconsideration were pending.

110U  Pending reconsiderations do not affect decisions under section 64A of the Assessment Act

             (1)  The fact that a reconsideration of a decision of the Registrar under section 64A of the Assessment Act is pending does not, in the meantime, interfere with, or affect, the decision.

             (2)  Amounts payable in relation to such a decision may be recovered as if no appeal were pending.


 

Division 2Implementation of decisions

110V  Registrar must implement decisions

                   When the Registrar, the SSAT or a court makes a decision on a reconsideration, the Registrar must immediately take such action as is necessary to give effect to the decision.


 

Division 3Determining when decisions become final

110W  Determining when decisions become final

SSAT

             (1)  For the purposes of the Assessment Act and this Act, if:

                     (a)  a decision is a decision of the SSAT under Part VIIA of this Act; and

                     (b)  an appeal may be made to a court under Subdivision B of Division 3 of Part VIII of this Act against the decision; and

                     (c)  an appeal is not made within the period for doing so;

the decision becomes final at the end of that period.

Full Court of the Family Court

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  a decision is a decision of the Full Court of the Family Court under Part VIII; and

                     (b)  an application may be made for special leave to appeal to the High Court within the period of 30 days after the making of the decision; and

                     (c)  an application is not made within that period;

the decision becomes final at the end of that period.

Other courts

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  a decision is a decision of a court (other than the Full Court of the Family Court) under Part VIII; and

                     (b)  an application may be made for leave to appeal under Division 2 of Part VIII against the decision; and

                     (c)  an application is not made within the period for doing so;

the decision becomes final at the end of that period.

Registrar

             (4)  For the purposes of the Assessment Act and this Act, if:

                     (a)  a decision is a decision of the Registrar under the Assessment Act or this Act; and

                     (b)  any of the following applies:

                              (i)  an objection to the decision may be lodged with the Registrar under Part VII of this Act;

                             (ii)  an application may be made to the SSAT under Part VIIA of this Act for review of that decision;

                            (iii)  an appeal may be made to a court under Subdivision B of Division 3 of Part VIII of this Act in respect of the decision; and

                     (c)  an objection, application or appeal (as the case requires) is not made within the period for doing so;

the decision becomes final at the end of that period.


 

Division 4Restrictions on publication of review proceedings

110X  Restrictions on publication of review proceedings

Offence of publishing identifying accounts

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person:

                              (i)  publishes in a newspaper or periodical publication, by radio broadcast or television or by other electronic means; or

                             (ii)  otherwise disseminates to the public or to a section of the public by any means;

                            any account of any proceedings, or of any part of any proceedings, under Part VIIA or Division 3 of Part VIII; and

                     (b)  the account identifies:

                              (i)  a party to the proceedings (other than the Registrar); or

                             (ii)  a person (other than the Registrar) who is related to, or associated with, a party to the proceedings or is, or is alleged to be, in any other way concerned in the matter to which the proceedings relate; or

                            (iii)  a witness in the proceedings.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 12 months.

             (2)  Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), an account of proceedings, or of any part of proceedings, referred to in that subsection is taken to identify a person if:

                     (a)  it contains any particulars of:

                              (i)  the name, title, pseudonym or alias of the person; or

                             (ii)  the address of any premises at which the person resides or works, or the locality in which any such premises are situated; or

                            (iii)  the physical description or the style of dress of the person; or

                            (iv)  any employment or occupation engaged in, profession practised or calling pursued, by the person or any official or honorary position held by the person; or

                             (v)  the relationship of the person to identified relatives of the person or the association of the person with identified friends or identified business, official or professional acquaintances of the person; or

                            (vi)  the recreational interests, or the political, philosophical or religious beliefs or interests, of the person; or

                           (vii)  any real or personal property in which the person has an interest or with which the person is otherwise associated;

                            and the particulars are sufficient to identify that person to a member of the public, or to a member of the section of the public to which the account is disseminated, as the case requires; or

                     (b)  in the case of a written or televised account or an account by other electronic means—it is accompanied by a picture of the person; or

                     (c)  in the case of a broadcast or televised account or an account by other electronic means—it is spoken in whole or in part by the person and the person’s voice is sufficient to identify that person to a member of the public, or to a member of the section of the public to which the account is disseminated, as the case requires.

Offence of publishing identifying lists

             (3)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person:

                              (i)  publishes in a newspaper or periodical publication, by radio broadcast or television or by other electronic means; or

                             (ii)  otherwise disseminates to the public or to a section of the public by any means (otherwise than by the display of a notice in the premises of the SSAT);

                            a list of proceedings under Part VIIA or Division 3 of Part VIII; and

                     (b)  the proceedings are identified by reference to the names of the parties to the proceedings (other than by reference to the Registrar).

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 12 months.

Defence

             (4)  Subsections (1) and (3) do not apply to, or in relation to:

                     (a)  the communication, to persons concerned in proceedings in any court, of any pleading, transcript of evidence or other document for use in connection with those proceedings; or

                     (b)  the communication of any pleading, transcript of evidence or other document to:

                              (i)  a body that is responsible for disciplining members of the legal profession in a State or Territory; or

                             (ii)  persons concerned in disciplinary proceedings, against a member of the legal profession of a State or Territory, before a body that is responsible for disciplining members of the legal profession in that State or Territory; or

                     (c)  the communication, to a body that grants assistance by way of legal aid, of any pleading, transcript of evidence or other document for the purpose of facilitating the making of a decision as to whether assistance by way of legal aid should be granted, continued or provided in a particular case; or

                     (d)  the publishing of a notice or report in accordance with the direction of a court; or

                     (e)  the publication by the SSAT of lists of proceedings under Part VIIA, or Division 3 of Part VIII, identified by reference to the names of the parties, that are to be dealt with by the SSAT; or

                      (f)  the publishing of any publication intended primarily for use by the members of any profession, being:

                              (i)  a separate volume or part of a series of law reports; or

                             (ii)  any other publication of a technical character; or

                     (g)  the publication or other dissemination of an account of proceedings or of any part of proceedings:

                              (i)  to a person who is a member of a profession, in connection with the practice by that person of that profession or in the course of any form of professional training in which that person is involved; or

                             (ii)  to an individual who is a party to any proceedings under this Act, in connection with the conduct of those proceedings; or

                            (iii)  to a person who is a student, in connection with the studies of that person; or

                     (h)  the publication of accounts of proceedings, where those accounts have been approved by the court.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (4) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

Criminal procedure

             (5)  An offence against subsection (1) or (3) is an indictable offence.

             (6)  Proceedings for an offence against subsection (1) or (3) must not be commenced except by, or with the written consent of, the Director of Public Prosecutions.

Definitions

             (7)  In this section:

court includes:

                     (a)  an officer of a court investigating or dealing with a matter in accordance with:

                              (i)  the Assessment Act; or

                             (ii)  this Act; or

                            (iii)  regulations made under the Assessment Act or this Act; or

                            (iv)  any Rules of Court; and

                     (b)  a tribunal established by or under a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or a Territory.

electronic means includes:

                     (a)  in the form of data, text or images by means of guided or unguided electromagnetic energy; or

                     (b)  in the form of speech by means of guided or unguided electromagnetic energy, if the speech is processed at its destination by an automated voice recognition system.


 

Part VIIIBOther provisions relating to courts

  

111A  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      In exercising jurisdiction under this Act, a court has broad powers.

•      If a proceeding has been instituted under this Act in a court or before the SSAT or the Registrar, a court may make an order staying or otherwise affecting the operation of the Assessment Act or this Act during the proceeding.

•      A court may dismiss, or make orders in respect of, a frivolous or vexatious proceeding.

•      If a court makes an order under this Act, a copy of the order must be sent to the Registrar.

•      The Registrar may intervene in any proceeding under this Act.

•      There are specific provisions relating to a proceeding brought by a payee of a registered maintenance liability under section 113A.

•      A court order might cease to be in effect because a terminating event happens.

111B  General powers of court

             (1)  A court’s powers under this Act include the power to do all or any of the following:

                     (a)  order payment of a lump sum, whether in one amount or by instalments;

                     (b)  order payment of a weekly, monthly, yearly or other periodic amount;

                     (c)  order that a specified transfer or settlement of property be made;

                     (d)  order that payment of an amount ordered to be paid be wholly or partly secured as the court specifies;

                     (e)  order that any necessary deed or instrument be executed, and that such documents of title be produced and such other things be done, as are necessary to enable an order to be carried out effectively or to provide security for the due performance of an order;

                      (f)  order that payment be made to a specified person or public authority or into court;

                     (g)  make a permanent order, an order pending the disposal of proceedings, an order for a fixed period, an order until a child attains a specified age or an order until further order;

                     (h)  make an order expressed to be retrospective to such day as the court considers appropriate;

                      (i)  make an order:

                              (i)  discharging an order; or

                             (ii)  suspending the operation of an order wholly or in part and either until further order or until a fixed time or the happening of a future event; or

                            (iii)  reviving wholly or in part the operation of an order that has been suspended; or

                            (iv)  varying an order in any way;

                      (j)  make an order imposing terms and conditions;

                     (k)  make an order by consent;

                      (l)  make any other order (whether or not of the same kind as those referred to in paragraphs (a) to (k)) that the court considers appropriate;

                    (m)  make an order at any time.

             (2)  The making of an order of a kind referred to in paragraph (1)(c), or of any other order under this Act, in relation to a child does not prevent a court from making a subsequent order (whether under this Act or otherwise) in relation to the child.

             (3)  The applicable Rules of Court may make provision with respect to the making of orders under this Act (whether as to their form or otherwise) for the purpose of facilitating their enforcement and the collection of any child support payable under them.

111C  Stay orders

             (1)  This section applies if a proceeding has been instituted:

                     (a)  in a court having jurisdiction under this Act; or

                     (b)  before the Registrar under Part VII; or

                     (c)  before the SSAT under Part VIIA; or

                     (d)  under Part 6A or 7 of the Assessment Act.

             (2)  A party to the proceeding may, subject to the Family Law Act 1975:

                     (a)  in the case of a proceeding instituted in a court—apply to that court for an order under this section; or

                     (b)  otherwise—apply to a court having jurisdiction under this Act for an order under this section.

             (3)  Pending the hearing and final determination of the proceeding, the court may make such orders as the court considers appropriate staying or otherwise affecting the operation or implementation of the Assessment Act and this Act if the court considers that it is desirable to do so, taking into account the interests of the persons who may be affected by the outcome of the proceeding.

             (4)  The court may, by order, vary or revoke an order made under subsection (3).

             (5)  An order under subsection (3):

                     (a)  is subject to such terms and conditions as are specified in the order; and

                     (b)  operates for:

                              (i)  such period as is specified in the order; or

                             (ii)  if no period is specified—until a decision of the court, the Registrar or the SSAT determining the proceeding becomes final.

111CA  Frivolous or vexatious proceedings

             (1)  A court having jurisdiction under this Act may, at any stage of a proceeding instituted in the court under this Act, if it is satisfied that the proceeding is frivolous or vexatious, do one or more of the following:

                     (a)  dismiss the proceeding;

                     (b)  make such order as to costs as the court considers just;

                     (c)  if the court considers it appropriate, on the application of a party to the proceeding—order that the person who instituted the proceeding must not, without leave of a court having jurisdiction under this Act, institute a proceeding under this Act or the Assessment Act of the kind or kinds specified in the order.

             (2)  An order made by a court under paragraph (1)(c) has effect notwithstanding any other provision of this Act or the Assessment Act.

             (3)  A court may discharge or vary an order made by that court under subsection (1).

111D  Copies of orders to be forwarded to Registrar

             (1)  If a court makes an order under this Act, the registrar or other responsible officer of the court must, within 28 days after the day on which the order is made, send a certified or sealed copy of the order to the Child Support Registrar.

             (2)  The Child Support Registrar may, by written notice served on the registrar or other responsible officer of a court, vary, in relation to the court, the requirement of subsection (1) in such instances and to such extent as the Child Support Registrar considers appropriate.

111E  Registrar may intervene in proceedings

             (1)  The Registrar may intervene in, and contest and argue any question arising in, a proceeding under this Act.

             (2)  If the Registrar intervenes in a proceeding under this Act, the Registrar is taken to be a party to the proceeding with all the rights, duties and liabilities of a party.

             (3)  This section does not limit Part IX of the Family Law Act 1975.

111F  Court order for payment in proceedings instituted by payee to recover debt

             (1)  If, in relation to a proceeding instituted by the payee of a registered maintenance liability under section 113A, the court makes an order for payment of an amount by the payer of the liability, the payment must be made to the Registrar.

             (2)  The Registrar must, as soon as practicable after receiving a payment in accordance with subsection (1), pay the amount received by the Registrar to the payee.

111G  Costs in proceedings instituted by payee to recover debt

                   To avoid doubt, if:

                     (a)  a payee of a registered maintenance liability has instituted a proceeding under section 113A to recover a debt due in relation to the liability; and

                     (b)  the Registrar is not a party to the proceeding;

the Commonwealth is not liable for costs in the proceeding.

111H  Cessation of orders under Act

             (1)  An order made under this Act that varies a child support assessment in relation to a child ceases to be in force if:

                     (a)  a terminating event happens in relation to the child; or

                     (b)  a terminating event happens in relation to the payee or payer of the registered maintenance liability that relates to the child, or all 3 of them.

             (2)  Nothing in this section affects the recovery of arrears due under an order when the order ceases to be in force.


 

Part IXMiscellaneous

  

111  Duties of payers and payees

             (1)  The payer of an enforceable maintenance liability shall, within 14 days after each occasion on which the payer commences to be an employee of an employer, notify the Registrar of the commencement in the manner specified by the Registrar.

Note:          Section 16A provides for the Registrar to specify the manner in which a notice may be given.

          (1A)  For the purposes of subsection (1), if:

                     (a)  on a particular day (the application day), the payer of a registered maintenance liability makes an application under subsection 37B(2); and

                     (b)  as a result of that application, there is a low‑income non‑enforcement period in relation to the liability for the purposes of section 37B;

the liability is taken to be an enforceable maintenance liability throughout so much of the period as occurs on or after the application day.

             (2)  If the payer or payee of an enforceable maintenance liability changes his or her name or address, the payer or payee must, within 14 days after that change of name or address, notify the Registrar of the change in the manner specified by the Registrar.

             (3)  A person who contravenes subsection (1) or (2) is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by a fine not exceeding $1,000.

          (3A)  Subsection (3) is an offence of strict liability.

             (4)  It is a defence to a prosecution for an offence against subsection (3) if the person charged proves that the person notified the Registrar of the happening of the relevant event as soon as reasonably practicable after the happening of the event.

112  Copies of maintenance orders and agreements to be forwarded to Registrar

             (1)  Where:

                     (a)  under the Family Law Act 1975 or the law of a State or Territory:

                              (i)  an order is made by, or registered in, a court; or

                             (ii)  a maintenance agreement is registered in, or approved by, a court; and

                     (b)  the order or agreement makes provision in relation to:

                              (i)  the maintenance of a child; or

                             (ii)  the maintenance by a party to a marriage of the other party to the marriage; or

                            (iii)  the maintenance by a party to a de facto relationship of the other party to the de facto relationship;

the registrar or other responsible officer of the court shall, within 28 days after the day on which the event referred to in subparagraph (a)(i) or (ii) occurs, send a certified or sealed copy of the order or agreement to the Child Support Registrar.

             (2)  The Child Support Registrar may, by notice in writing served on the registrar or other responsible officer of a court, vary, in relation to the court, in such instances and to such extent as the Child Support Registrar thinks fit, the requirement of subsection (1).

113  Recovery of debts etc.

Debts due by a payer may be recovered by the Registrar or the payee

             (1)  A debt due to the Commonwealth under this Act in relation to a registered maintenance liability:

                     (a)  is payable to the Registrar in the manner and at the place prescribed; and

                     (b)  may be sued for and recovered by:

                              (i)  the Registrar suing in his or her official name; or

                             (ii)  the payee of the liability suing in accordance with section 113A; and

                     (c)  may be recovered in:

                              (i)  a court having jurisdiction for the recovery of debts up to the amount of the debt; or

                             (ii)  a court having jurisdiction under this Act.

Registrar to keep payee informed of action taken to recover debt

             (2)  The Registrar may take such steps as the Registrar considers appropriate to keep the payee of a registered maintenance liability informed of action taken by the Registrar to recover debts due to the Commonwealth under this Act in relation to the liability.

113A  Recovery of debts by payees

Payee to notify Registrar of intention to institute a proceeding to recover debt

             (1)  A payee of a registered maintenance liability may sue for and recover a debt due in relation to the liability if the payee notifies the Registrar in writing of his or her intention to institute a proceeding to recover the debt:

                     (a)  at least 14 days before instituting the proceeding; or

                     (b)  in exceptional circumstances—within such shorter period as the court allows.

Note:          For provisions relating to proceedings instituted under this section, see sections 111F and 111G.

Payee to notify Registrar of orders made

             (2)  A payee of a registered maintenance liability who has instituted a proceeding in a court to recover a debt in accordance with subsection (1) must give notice to the Registrar, in the manner specified by the Registrar, of any orders (including orders as to costs) made by the court in relation to the payee and the debt due in relation to the liability, within 14 days of the order being made.

Note:          Section 16A provides for the Registrar to specify the manner in which a notice may be given.

             (3)  A payee commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the court makes an order in relation to the payee and the debt due in relation to the liability; and

                     (b)  the payee fails to notify the Registrar under subsection (2) of the order being made.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (4)  Subsection (3) is an offence of strict liability.

             (5)  It is a defence to a prosecution for an offence against subsection (3) if the person charged proves that the person gave the notice to the Registrar as soon as reasonably practicable after becoming aware of the making of the relevant order.

114  Application of payments

                   The regulations may, subject to section 70, make provision with respect to the application of payments received by the Registrar.

115  Substituted service

                   Where:

                     (a)  a document is required to be served on a person for the purposes of proceedings against the person for the recovery of a debt due to the Commonwealth under this Act (other than under section 79); and

                     (b)  the Registrar is satisfied, after reasonable inquiry, that the person:

                              (i)  is absent from Australia and has no attorney or agent in Australia on whom service of process can be effected; or

                             (ii)  cannot be found;

service of the document on the person may be effected, without leave of a court, by posting the document or a sealed copy of it in a letter addressed to the person at the person’s last known place of business or residence in Australia.

116  Evidence

             (1)  The mere production of a document signed by the Registrar purporting to be a copy of the entry in the Child Support Register in relation to a registrable maintenance liability is prima facie evidence:

                     (a)  that the liability is a registrable maintenance liability; and

                     (b)  that the liability is duly registered under this Act; and

                     (c)  that the particulars of the entry in the Child Support Register in relation to the liability are those set out in the document; and

                     (d)  that all of those particulars are correct.

          (1A)  Paragraphs (1)(a), (b) and (d) do not apply in relation to proceedings under Part VII or VIIA, or under Subdivision B of Division 3 of Part VIII, on an objection to a decision:

                     (a)  to register a registrable maintenance liability; or

                     (b)  as to particulars entered in the Child Support Register in relation to a registrable maintenance liability.

          (1B)  Paragraph (1)(c) does not apply in relation to proceedings under Part VII or VIIA, or under Subdivision B of Division 3 of Part VIII, on an objection to a decision as to particulars varied in the Child Support Register in relation to a registrable maintenance liability.

             (2)  The mere production of a certificate in writing signed by the Registrar, certifying that an amount specified in the certificate was, on the date of the certificate, due and payable by a specified person to the Commonwealth in relation to a specified registrable maintenance liability or under a specified provision of Part IV, is prima facie evidence of the matters stated in the certificate.

             (3)  Without limiting the generality of subsection (2), a certificate under that subsection may specify the amount of the outstanding balance of one or more child support debts as described in section 67.

117  Appearance by Registrar etc.

             (1)  In any action, prosecution or other proceeding under, or arising out of, this Act instituted by or on behalf of the Registrar, to which the Registrar is a party or in which the Registrar is a party or in which the Registrar intervenes or seeks to intervene, the Registrar may appear personally or may be represented by:

                     (a)  a person enrolled as a barrister, solicitor, barrister and solicitor or legal practitioner of a federal court or of the Supreme Court of a State or Territory; or

                     (b)  a person authorised by the Registrar, in writing, to appear.

             (2)  The appearance of a person, and the statement of the person that the person appears by authority of the Registrar, is prima facie evidence of that authority.

118  Judicial notice of signature

                   All courts and tribunals, and all judges and persons acting judicially or authorised by law or consent of parties to hear, receive and examine evidence, shall take judicial notice of the signature of a person who holds or has held the office of Registrar.

119  False or misleading statements

             (1)  A person who:

                     (a)  makes a statement to an officer that is false or misleading in a material particular; or

                     (b)  omits from a statement made to an officer any matter or thing without which the statement is misleading in a material particular;

is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by a fine not exceeding $2,000.

             (2)  In a prosecution of a person for an offence against subsection (1), it is a defence if the person proves that the person:

                     (a)  did not know; and

                     (b)  could not reasonably be expected to have known;

that the statement to which the prosecution relates was false or misleading.

             (3)  A reference in subsection (1) to a statement made to an officer is a reference to a statement made to a person exercising powers under or in relation to this Act, whether the statement is made orally, in a document or in any other form and, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, includes a statement:

                     (a)  made in an application, form, notification, objection or other document made, given, lodged or furnished, or purporting to be made, given, lodged or furnished, under this Act;

                     (b)  made in answer to a question asked of the person under this Act; or

                     (c)  made in any information furnished, or purporting to be furnished, under this Act.

120  Obtaining of information and evidence

             (1)  The Registrar may, for the purposes of this Act, by notice in writing, require a person:

                     (a)  to furnish to the Registrar, within a reasonable period, and in a reasonable manner, specified in the notice, such information as the Registrar requires;

                     (b)  to attend before the Registrar, or before an officer authorised by the Registrar for the purpose, at a reasonable time and place specified in the notice, and then and there answer questions; and

                     (c)  to produce to the Registrar, at a reasonable time and place specified in the notice, any documents in the custody or under the control of the person.

          (1A)  A court having jurisdiction under this Act may, in a proceeding instituted in the court by a payee of a registered maintenance liability under section 113A to recover a debt due in relation to the liability, exercise all the powers of the Registrar under subsection (1).

             (2)  The regulations shall prescribe scales of expenses to be allowed to persons required to attend under this section.

             (3)  A person who refuses or fails to comply with a requirement made under subsection (1), or by a court in accordance with subsection (1A), is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by a fine not exceeding $2,000.

             (4)  Subsection (3) applies only to the extent to which the person is capable of complying with the requirement.

             (5)  Subsection (3) is an offence of strict liability.

             (6)  This section does not apply in relation to a person:

                     (a)  in respect of whom an international maintenance arrangement applies; and

                     (b)  who is a resident of a reciprocating jurisdiction.

121  Order to comply with requirement

             (1)  Where:

                     (a)  a person is convicted before a court of an offence against paragraph 47(1)(b) or subsection 120(3); or

                     (b)  a court makes an order under section 19B of the Crimes Act 1914 in relation to a person in relation to an offence against paragraph 47(1)(b) or subsection 120(3);

in relation to the refusal or failure of the person to comply (whether in whole or in part) with a requirement made by or under this Act, the court may, in addition to imposing a penalty on the person or making such an order in relation to the person, as the case may be, and even though the time for complying with the requirement or any other such requirement has passed, order the person to comply with:

                     (c)  the requirement; and

                     (d)  such other requirements made, or that could be made, in relation to the person by or under this Act as the court considers necessary to ensure the effectiveness of the first‑mentioned requirement;

within a specified time or at a specified place and time.

             (2)  Where an order under subsection (1) is not given orally by the court to the person to whom the order is addressed, the proper officer of the court shall cause a copy of the order to be served on the person in the prescribed manner.

             (3)  A person who contravenes an order under subsection (1) is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by a fine not exceeding $5,000 or imprisonment for a period not exceeding 12 months, or both.

             (4)  Strict liability applies to the element of an offence against subsection (3) that an order is an order under subsection (1).

121A  Obtaining of information and evidence in relation to residents of reciprocating jurisdictions

                   The Registrar may, for the purposes of this Act, by notice in writing, request a person who is or was a resident of a reciprocating jurisdiction, or request an overseas authority of the reciprocating jurisdiction:

                     (a)  to give to the Registrar within a reasonable period, and in a reasonable manner, specified in the notice, such information as the Registrar requests; and

                     (b)  to attend before the Registrar, or before an officer authorised by the Registrar for the purpose, at a reasonable time and place specified in the notice, and then and there to answer questions; and

                     (c)  to produce to the Registrar, at a reasonable time and place specified in the notice, any documents in the custody or under the control of the person.

121B  Giving information to overseas authorities

                   If:

                     (a)  the Registrar receives a request from an overseas authority for information about a person; and

                     (b)  the request is made in reliance on an international maintenance arrangement;

the Registrar must give the information requested to the overseas authority if it is necessary or convenient to do so for the purposes of the arrangement.

121C  Regulations may prescribe manner of giving notices or other communications

                   The regulations may provide for how a notice or other communication may be given to a payer or payee who is a resident of a reciprocating jurisdiction.

122  Right of contribution

                   Where:

                     (a)  2 or more persons are jointly or jointly and severally liable to pay a debt due to the Commonwealth under this Act; and

                     (b)  one of those persons has paid the debt or part of the debt;

the person referred to in paragraph (b) may, in a court of competent jurisdiction, recover by way of contribution, and as a debt, from any of the other persons referred to in paragraph (a) such part of the amount paid as the court considers just and equitable.

124  Application of Act to overseas orders and agreements

             (1)  This Act applies, with such modifications as are prescribed, in relation to orders (including interim orders) made under a law of a foreign country, being orders that are, under the Family Law Act 1975 or the law of a Territory, registered in a court.

             (2)  This Act applies, with such modifications as are prescribed, in relation to maintenance agreements made under a law of a foreign country, being agreements that are, under the Family Law Act 1975 or the law of a Territory, registered in or approved by a court.

124A  Regulations in relation to overseas‑related maintenance obligations etc.

             (1)  The regulations may make provision for, and in relation to, giving effect to international maintenance arrangements.

             (2)  Regulations made for the purposes of this section may:

                     (a)  confer jurisdiction on a federal court (other than the High Court) or a court of a Territory; or

                     (b)  invest a court of a State with federal jurisdiction.

125  Regulations

                   The Governor‑General may make regulations, not inconsistent with this Act, prescribing all matters:

                     (a)  required or permitted by this Act to be prescribed; or

                     (b)  necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to this Act;

and, in particular, may make regulations prescribing penalties not exceeding a fine of $500 for offences against the regulations.


Notes to the Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988

Note 1

The Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988 as shown in this compilation comprises Act No. 3, 1988 amended as indicated in the Tables below.

For application, saving or transitional provisions made by the Corporations (Repeals, Consequentials and Transitionals) Act 2001, see Act No. 55, 2001.

For all other relevant information pertaining to application, saving or transitional provisions see Table A.

Table of Acts

Act

Number
and year

Date
of Assent

Date of commencement

Application, saving or transitional provisions

Child Support Act 1988

3, 1988

9 Mar 1988

1 June 1988 (see Gazette 1988, No. S148)

 

Child Support Amendment Act 1988

132, 1988

22 Dec 1988

22 Dec 1988

Child Support (Assessment) Act 1989

124, 1989

21 Sept 1989

1 Oct 1989 (see Gazette 1989, No. S314)

Social Security and Veterans’ Affairs Legislation Amendment Act (No. 3) 1989

163, 1989

19 Dec 1989

Part 3 (ss.
7–17): Royal Assent (a)

Child Support Legislation Amendment Act 1990

138, 1990

28 Dec 1990

28 Dec 1990

Taxation Laws Amendment Act (No. 3) 1991

216, 1991

24 Dec 1991

Part 2 (ss. 3, 4) and s. 88: Royal Assent (b)

Child Support Legislation Amendment Act 1992

13, 1992

6 Apr 1992

6 Apr 1992

Child Support Legislation Amendment Act (No. 2) 1992

151, 1992

11 Dec 1992

Ss. 6, 7, 10, 11 and 14–20: 1 July 1993
Ss. 34, 36 and 41: 1 Jan 1993
Ss. 37 and 39:
1 June 1988
Remainder: Royal Assent

Corporate Law Reform Act 1992

210, 1992

24 Dec 1992

S. 125: 23 June 1993 (see Gazette 1993, No. S186) (c)

Insolvency (Tax Priorities) Legislation Amendment Act 1993

32, 1993

16 June 1993

Ss. 6, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15 and Part 5 (ss.  29, 30): 1 June 1993
Part 4
(ss. 20–28): 1 July 1993
Remainder: Royal Assent

Child Support Legislation Amendment Act 1995

39, 1995

29 May 1995

S. 22: (d)
Remainder: Royal Assent

Family Law Reform (Consequential Amendments) Act 1995

140, 1995

12 Dec 1995

Schedule 1 (Part 3): 11 June 1996 (see Gazette 1996, No. GN5) (e)

Taxation Laws Amendment Act (No. 3) 1995

170, 1995

16 Dec 1995

Schedule 2 (items 58, 64): Royal Assent (f)

Sch. 2 (item 64)

Commonwealth Services Delivery Agency (Consequential Amendments) Act 1997

29, 1997

17 Apr 1997

1 July 1997 (see s. 2)

Child Support Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 1997

84, 1997

23 June 1997

Schedule 1 (items 29–39): 21 July 1997 (g)

Audit (Transitional and Miscellaneous) Amendment Act 1997

152, 1997

24 Oct 1997

Schedule 2 (items
605–620): 1 Jan 1998 (see Gazette 1997, No. GN49) (h)

Taxation Laws Amendment Act (No. 3) 1998

47, 1998

23 June 1998

Schedule 4 (items 2, 3): Royal Assent (i)

Child Support Legislation Amendment Act 1998

120, 1998

15 Dec 1998

Schedule 3 (item 10), Schedule 4, Schedule 8 (items 6–8), Schedule 9 (items 20–63), Schedules 10 and 11, Schedule 12 (items 1–5), Schedule 17 and Schedule 19 (items 18–20): 1 July 1999 (see Gazette 1999, No. S261) (j)
Schedule 12 (items 6–9): 1 July 1999 (j)
Schedule 22 (item 9): Royal Assent (j)

S. 4(2), Sch. 4 (item 8) and Sch. 19 (item 20)

Financial Sector Reform (Amendments and Transitional Provisions) Act (No. 1) 1999

44, 1999

17 June 1999

Schedule 7 (items 16–18): 1 July 1999 (see Gazette 1999, No. S283) (k)

S. 3(2)(e) (am. by 160, 2000, Sch. 4 [item 4])

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Financial Sector Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 2000

160, 2000

21 Dec 2000

Schedule 1 (item 21): Royal Assent
Remainder: 18 Jan 2001

Public Employment (Consequential and Transitional) Amendment Act 1999

146, 1999

11 Nov 1999

Schedule 1 (items 287, 288): 5 Dec 1999 (see Gazette 1999, No. S584) (l)

A New Tax System (Tax Administration) Act 1999

179, 1999

22 Dec 1999

Schedule 11 (items 4–9): 1 July 2000 (m)

Federal Magistrates (Consequential Amendments) Act 1999

194, 1999

23 Dec 1999

Schedule 9: 23 Dec 1999 (n)

Child Support Legislation Amendment Act 2000

49, 2000

3 May 2000

3 May 2000

New Business Tax System (Alienation of Personal Services Income) Act 2000

86, 2000

30 June 2000

Schedule 1 (Items 59, 60): (o)

Family Law Amendment Act 2000

143, 2000

29 Nov 2000

Schedule 3 (items 4C, 5): 27 Dec 2000 (p)

Corporations (Repeals, Consequentials and Transitionals) Act 2001

55, 2001

28 June 2001

Ss. 4–14 and Schedule 3 (items 98, 99): 15 July 2001 (see Gazette 2001, No. S285) (q)

Ss. 4–14 [see Note 1]

Child Support Legislation Amendment Act 2001

75, 2001

30 June 2001

Schedule 1A (items 25, 26): 1 July 2002 (r)
Schedule 5 (items (36–67, 74), Schedule 6 (item 1) and Schedule 10 (items 24–28, 35): Royal Assent (r)
Schedule 6 (items 2–4): (r)
Schedule 10 (items 29–34): (r)

Sch. 5 (item 74)

Family and Community Services Legislation Amendment (Application of Criminal Code) Act 2001

137, 2001

1 Oct 2001

2 Oct 2001

S. 4

Financial Framework Legislation Amendment Act 2005

8, 2005

22 Feb 2005

S. 4 and Schedule 1 (items 111–116, 496): Royal Assent

S. 4 and Sch. 1 (item 496)

Jurisdiction of Courts (Family Law) Act 2006

22, 2006

6 Apr 2006

Schedule 1 (items 5–9, 27): 1 July 2006 (see F2006L01796)

Sch. 1 (item 27)

Jurisdiction of the Federal Magistrates Court Legislation Amendment Act 2006

23, 2006

6 Apr 2006

Schedule 4 (items 1–3): 4 May 2006

Sch. 4 (item 2)

Financial Framework Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 2006

30, 2006

6 Apr 2006

Schedule 1 (items 22–24): 7 Apr 2006

Family Law Amendment (Shared Parental Responsibility) Act 2006

46, 2006

22 May 2006

Schedule 9 (items 4, 5): 1 July 2006

Child Support Legislation Amendment (Reform of the Child Support Scheme—Initial Measures) Act 2006

53, 2006

15 June 2006

S. 4 and Schedule 5 (items 9–21): Royal Assent
Schedule 4: 1 July 2006
Schedule 5 (items 9–17): Royal Assent

S. 4, Sch. 4 (item 2) and Sch. 5 (items
18–21)

Tax Laws Amendment (Repeal of Inoperative Provisions) Act 2006

101, 2006

14 Sept 2006

Schedule 2 (items 27, 28) and Schedule 6 (items 1, 6–11): Royal Assent

Sch. 6 (items 1,
6–11)

Child Support Legislation Amendment (Reform of the Child Support Scheme—New Formula and Other Measures) Act 2006

146, 2006

6 Dec 2006

Schedule 1, Schedule 2 (items 1–117), Schedule 5 (items 1–29,
78–90), Schedules 6, 7 and Schedule 8 (items 1–5,
7–13, 15–19, 21–157): 1 July 2008
Schedule 3: 1 Jan 2007
Schedule 4: (s)
Schedule 5 (items 30–72): (s)
Remainder: Royal Assent

Sch. 3 (items 77(1)–(6), 78(2), (3), 79, 80),
Sch. 4 (items
44–46), Sch. 5 (items 74(1), 74(3)–(5)
75(1)–(5), 76, 77) and Sch. 7 (items
13–15)
Sch. 2 (item 115) (am. by 82, 2007, Sch. 1 [item 99])
Sch. 5 (item 73) (rs. by 63, 2008, Sch. 6 [item 16])
Sch. 5 (item 73A) (ad. by 63, 2008, Sch. 6 [item 16])
Sch. 5 (item 74(2)) (am. by 63, 2008, Sch. 6 [item 17])

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Families, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs Legislation Amendment (Child Support Reform Consolidation and Other Measures) Act 2007

82, 2007

21 June 2007

Schedule 1 (items 80, 99, 212): (see 82, 2007 below)

Sch. 1 (item 80)
S. 2(1) (am. by 73, 2008, Sch. 2 [item 16])

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Statute Law Revision Act 2008

73, 2008

3 July 2008

Schedule 2 (item 16): (see 73, 2008 below)

Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs and Other Legislation Amendment (2008 Budget and Other Measures) Act 2008

63, 2008

30 June 2008

Schedule 6 (items 16, 17): (see 63, 2008 below)

Families, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs and Veterans’ Affairs Legislation Amendment (2006 Budget Measures) Act 2006

156, 2006

8 Dec 2006

Schedule 1: 1 Jan 2007
Remainder: Royal Assent

Statute Law Revision Act 2007

8, 2007

15 Mar 2007

Schedule 4 (item 5): Royal Assent

Superannuation Legislation Amendment (Simplification) Act 2007

15, 2007

15 Mar 2007

Schedule 3 (items 4, 5, 66(1)): 15 Mar 2007

Sch. 3 (item 66(1))

Families, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs Legislation Amendment (Child Support Reform Consolidation and Other Measures) Act 2007

82, 2007

21 June 2007

S. 4 and Schedule 12 (items 24–33): Royal Assent
Schedule 1 (items 22–77, 80–91) and Schedule 4 (items 11–20): 22 June 2007
Schedule 1 (item 99): (t)
Schedule 1 (item 101), Schedule 3 (items 18–28) and Schedule 4 (items 39–46): 1 Jan 2008
Schedule 1 (items
193–211), Schedule 2 (items 150, 151) and Schedule 3 (items 50–55): (t)
Schedule 1 (item 212): (t)
Schedule 2 (items 45–100): 19 July 2007

S. 4, Sch. 1 (items
80–91) and Sch. 4 (item 46)
S. 2(1) (am. by 73, 2008, Sch. 2 [item 16])

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Statute Law Revision Act 2008

73, 2008

3 July 2008

Schedule 2 (item 16): (ta)

Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs and Other Legislation Amendment (2008 Budget and Other Measures) Act 2008

63, 2008

30 June 2008

S. 4: Royal Assent
Schedule 6 (items 16, 17): (u)
Schedule 6 (items 18–20): (u)

S. 4 and Sch. 6 (item 20)

Family Law Amendment (De Facto Financial Matters and Other Measures) Act 2008

115, 2008

21 Nov 2008

Schedule 2 (items 22–31): 1 Mar 2009

Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs and Other Legislation Amendment (Further 2008 Budget and Other Measures) Act 2008

143, 2008

9 Dec 2008

Schedule 3 (items 12, 13, 50–54): 10 Dec 2008
Schedule 3 (items 55–57): 6 Jan 2009

Sch. 3 (items 13, 54, 57)

Same‑Sex Relationships (Equal Treatment in Commonwealth Laws—General Law Reform) Act 2008

144, 2008

9 Dec 2008

Schedule 6 (items 22J, 22K): 1 July 2009


(a)     The Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988 was amended by Part 3 (sections 7–17) only of the Social Security and Veterans’ Affairs Legislation Amendment Act (No. 3) 1989, section 2 of which provides as follows:

                   2.   Each provision of this Act commences, or is to be taken to have commenced, as the case requires, on the day, or at the time, shown by the note in italics at the foot of that provision.

(b)     The Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988 was amended by Part 2 (sections 3 and 4) and section 88 only of the Taxation Laws Amendment Act (No. 3) 1991, subsection 2(1) of which provides as follows:

                 (1)   Subject to this section, this Act commences on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

(c)     The Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988 was amended by section 125 only of the Corporate Law Reform Act 1992, subsection 2(3) of which provides as follows:

                 (3)   Subject to subsection (4), the remaining provisions of this Act commence on a day or days to be fixed by Proclamation.

(d)     Section 2 of the Child Support Legislation Amendment Act 1995 provides as follows:

                 (1)   This Act (other than section 22) commences on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

                 (2)   Section 22 commences immediately after the commencement of section 16.

(e)     The Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988 was amended by Schedule 1 (Part 3) only of the Family Law Reform (Consequential Amendments) Act 1995, subsection 2(2) of which provides as follows:

                 (2)   The amendments made by Parts 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, and 10 of Schedule 1 commence on the commencement of section 31 of the Family Law Reform Act 1995.

(f)      The Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988 was amended by Schedule 2 (item 58) only of the Taxation Laws Amendment Act (No. 3) 1995, subsection 2(1) of which provides as follows:

                 (1)   Subject to subsection (2), this Act commences on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

(g)     The Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988 was amended by Schedule 1 (items 29–39) only of the Child Support Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 1997, subsection 2(1) of which provides as follows:

                 (1)   Subject to subsection (2), this Act commences on the 28th day after the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

(h)     The Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988 was amended by Schedule 2 (items 605–620) only of the Audit (Transitional and Miscellaneous) Amendment Act 1997, subsection 2(2) of which provides as follows:

                 (2)   Schedules 1, 2 and 4 commence on the same day as the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997.

(i)      The Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988 was amended by Schedule 4 (items 2 and 3) only of the Taxation Laws Amendment Act (No. 3) 1998, subsection 2(1) of which provides as follows:

                 (1)   Subject to subsection (2), this Act commences on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

(j)      The Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988 was amended by the Child Support Legislation Amendment Act 1998, subsections 2(1)–(3) of which provide as follows:

                 (1)   Subject to this section, this Act commences on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

                 (2)   Subject to subsection (10), the amendments of the Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988 made by this Act (other than by Part 2 of Schedule 12 or by Schedule 22) commence on a day or days to be fixed by Proclamation.

                 (3)   Part 2 of Schedule 12 commences on 1 July 1999.

(k)     The Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988 was amended by Schedule 7 (items 16–18) only of the Financial Sector Reform (Amendments and Transitional Provisions) Act (No. 1) 1999, subsections 3(2)(e) and (16) of which provide as follows:

                 (2)   The following provisions commence on the transfer date:

                      (e)   subject to subsection (12), Schedule 7, other than items 43, 44, 118, 205 and 207 (the commencement of those items is covered by subsections (10), (11) and (13)).

               (16)   The Governor‑General may, by Proclamation published in the Gazette, specify the date that is to be the transfer date for the purposes of this Act.

(l)      The Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988 was amended by Schedule 1 (items 287 and 288) only of the Public Employment (Consequential and Transitional) Amendment Act 1999, subsections 2(1) and (2) of which provide as follows:

                 (1)   In this Act, commencing time means the time when the Public Service Act 1999 commences.

                 (2)   Subject to this section, this Act commences at the commencing time.

(m)    The Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988 was amended by Schedule 11 (items 4–9) only of the A New Tax System (Tax Administration) Act 1999, subsection 2(9)(b) of which provides as follows:

                 (9)   The following provisions commence on 1 July 2000:

                              (b)   Schedule 11 (other than item 44).

(n)     The Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988 was amended by Schedule 9 only of the Federal Magistrates (Consequential Amendments) Act 1999, subsection 2(1) of which provides as follows:

                 (1)   Subject to this section, this Act commences on the commencement of the Federal Magistrates Act 1999.

(o)     The Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988 was amended by Schedule 1 (items 59 and 60) only of the New Business Tax System (Alienation of Personal Services Income) Act 2000, subsection 2(2) of which provides as follows:

                 (2)   Part 3 of Schedule 1 (other than items 61, 62 and 72) commences immediately after the commencement of item 2 of Schedule 5 to the A New Tax System (Tax Administration) Act 1999.

         Item 2 of Schedule 5 to the A New Tax System (Tax Administration) Act 1999 commenced on 1 July 2000.

(p)     The Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988 was amended by Schedule 3 (items 4C and 5) only of the Family Law Amendment Act 2000, subsection 2(1) of which provides as follows:

                 (1)   Subject to subsections (1A) and (2), this Act commences 28 days after the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

(q)     The Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988 was amended by Schedule 3 (items 98 and 99) only of the Corporations (Repeals, Consequentials and Transitionals) Act 2001, subsection 2(3) of which provides as follows:

                 (3)   Subject to subsections (4) to (10), Schedule 3 commences, or is taken to have commenced, at the same time as the Corporations Act 2001.

(r)     The Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988 was amended by the Child Support Legislation Amendment Act 2001, subsections 2(1), (1A)(a), (4)(b) and (10) of which provide as follows:

                 (1)   Subject to this section, this Act commences on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

               (1A)   Items 22, 23, 24, 25 and 26 of Schedule 1A commence on whichever of the following days applies:

                              (a)   if this Act receives the Royal Assent on or before 1 July 2002—on 1 July 2002;

                 (4)   Part 2 of Schedule 6 commences at whichever of the following times applies:

                              (b)   if Parts 4 to 10 of the Act that establishes the Administrative Review Tribunal commence after Part 1 of Schedule 6 to this Act—the time when Parts 4 to 10 of the Act that establishes the Administrative Review Tribunal commence.

Note:          The short title of the Act that establishes the Administrative Review Tribunal is either the Administrative Review Tribunal Act 2000 or the Administrative Review Tribunal Act 2001.

               (10)   Items 29, 30, 31, 32, 33 and 34 of Schedule 10 are taken to have commenced immediately after the commencement of Schedule 17 to the Child Support Legislation Amendment Act 1998.

         Schedule 17 commenced on 1 July 1999 (see Gazette 1999, No. S261).

         The Administrative Review Tribunal Bill has not been enacted. Therefore these amendments do not commence.

(s)     Subsection 2(1) (items 6, 8 and 9) of the Child Support Legislation Amendment (Reform of the Child Support Scheme—New Formula and Other Measures) Act 2006 provides as follows:

                 (1)   Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Commencement information

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Provision(s)

Commencement

Date/Details

6.  Schedule 4

Immediately after the commencement of Schedule 3 to this Act.

1 January 2007

8.  Schedule 5, Part 1, Division 2

Immediately after the commencement of Schedule 1 to this Act.

1 July 2008

9.  Schedule 5, Part 1, Division 3

Immediately after the commencement of Division 2 of Part 1 of Schedule 5 to this Act.

1 July 2008

(t)      Subsection 2(1) (items 5, 7, 8, 11 and 13) of the Families, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs Legislation Amendment (Child Support Reform Consolidation and Other Measures) Act 2007 provides as follows:

                 (1)   Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Provision(s)

Commencement

Date/Details

5.  Schedule 1, items 99 and 100

Immediately before the commencement of items 92 to 96 of Schedule 2 to the Child Support Legislation Amendment (Reform of the Child Support Scheme—New Formula and Other Measures) Act 2006.

1 January 2008

7.  Schedule 1, Part 4, Division 1

Immediately after the commencement of Part 2 of Schedule 2 to this Act.

1 July 2008

8.  Schedule 1, item 212

Immediately before the commencement of item 104 of Schedule 2 to the Child Support Legislation Amendment (Reform of the Child Support Scheme—New Formula and Other Measures) Act 2006.

1 July 2008

11.  Schedule 2, Part 2

Immediately after the commencement of Division 3 of Part 1 of Schedule 5 to the Child Support Legislation Amendment (Reform of the Child Support Scheme—New Formula and Other Measures) Act 2006.

1 July 2008

13.  Schedule 3, Part 2

Immediately after the commencement of Part 2 of Schedule 2 to this Act.

1 July 2008

(ta)    Subsection 2(1) (item 52) of the Statute Law Revision Act 2008 provides as follows:

                 (1)   Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Provision(s)

Commencement

Date/Details

52.  Schedule 2, item 16

Immediately after the commencement of section 2 of the Families, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs Legislation Amendment (Child Support Reform Consolidation and Other Measures) Act 2007.

21 June 2007

(u)     Subsection 2(1) (items 21 and 22) of the Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs and Other Legislation Amendment (2008 Budget and Other Measures) Act 2008 provides as follows:

                 (1)   Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Provision(s)

Commencement

Date/Details

21.  Schedule 6, items 16 and 17

Immediately after the commencement of items 73 and 74 of Schedule 5 to the Child Support Legislation Amendment (Reform of the Child Support Scheme—New Formula and Other Measures) Act 2006.

6 December 2006

22.  Schedule 6, items 18 to 20

Immediately after the commencement of item 8 of Schedule 7 to the Child Support Legislation Amendment (Reform of the Child Support Scheme—New Formula and Other Measures) Act 2006.

1 July 2008


Table of Amendments

ad. = added or inserted     am. = amended     rep. = repealed     rs. = repealed and substituted

Provision affected

How affected

Title ....................................

am. No. 146, 2006

Part I

 

S. 1 .....................................

am. No. 124, 1989

S. 3 .....................................

am. No. 140, 1995; No. 49, 2000

S. 3A ...................................

ad. No. 137, 2001

S. 4 .....................................

am. No. 124, 1989; No. 216, 1991; Nos. 151 and 210, 1992; Nos. 39 and 140, 1995; Nos. 29 and 152, 1997; No. 120, 1998; Nos. 194 and 179, 1999; Nos. 86 and 143, 2000; Nos. 55 and 75, 2001; No. 8, 2005; Nos. 22, 46 and 146, 2006; Nos. 8, 15 and 82, 2007; Nos. 115 and 144, 2008

Heading to s. 5...................

am. No. 53, 2006

Subhead. to s. 5(1).............

ad. No. 53, 2006

Subhead. to s. 5(3).............

ad. No. 53, 2006

Subhead. to s. 5(4).............

ad. No. 53, 2006

S. 5......................................

am. No. 53, 2006; No. 82, 2007

Note to s. 5(4).....................

ad. No. 53, 2006

Heading to s. 6...................

am. No. 53, 2006

S. 6......................................

am. No. 82, 2007

S. 7 .....................................

am. No. 146, 2006

Part II

 

S. 10 ...................................

am. No. 75, 2001

Heading to s. 11 ................

am. No. 75, 2001

S. 11 ...................................

am. No. 75, 2001

S. 12 ...................................

am. No. 163, 1989

 

rep. No. 75, 2001

S. 14 ...................................

am. No. 75, 2001

S. 15 ...................................

am. No. 124, 1989; No. 29, 1997; No. 146, 1999; No. 75, 2001

S. 16 ...................................

rs. No. 124, 1989

 

am. No. 138, 1990; No. 151, 1992; No. 140, 1995; No. 29, 1997;  No. 120, 1998; No. 146, 1999; Nos. 75 and 137, 2001; No. 156, 2006; No. 82, 2007; No. 143, 2008

S. 16AA................................

ad. No. 82, 2007

S. 16A..................................

ad. No. 120, 1998

Ss. 16B, 16C ......................

ad. No. 75, 2001

Part III

 

Division 1

 

S. 17 ...................................

am. No. 124, 1989; No. 146, 2006

S. 17A .................................

ad. No. 146, 2006

 

am. No. 82, 2007

Heading to s. 18.................

am. No. 115, 2008

S. 18....................................

am. No. 115, 2008

S. 18A..................................

ad. No. 82, 2007

S. 19 ...................................

am. No. 124, 1989; No. 140, 1995; No. 146, 2006; No. 82, 2007

Division 2

 

S. 23 ...................................

am. No. 132, 1988; No. 124, 1989; No. 151, 1992; No. 120, 1998; No. 137, 2001; No. 146, 2006; No. 82, 2007

S. 24 ...................................

am. No. 163, 1989; No. 151, 1992; No. 120, 1998

S. 24A .................................

ad. No. 124, 1989

 

am. No. 13, 1992; No. 120, 1998; No. 146, 2006; No. 82, 2007

S. 25....................................

am. No. 120, 1998; No. 82, 2007

Note to s. 25.......................

ad. No. 82, 2007

Note to s. 25(1)...................

ad. No. 120, 1998

 

rep. No. 82, 2007

Ss. 25A–25C.......................

ad. No. 82, 2007

S. 26 ...................................

am. No. 124, 1989; No. 84, 1997

 

rs. No. 120, 1998

 

am. No. 82, 2007

S. 26A..................................

ad. No. 120, 1998

Subhead. to s. 26B(5)........

am. No. 82, 2007

S. 26B..................................

ad. No. 120, 1998

 

am. No. 82, 2007

S. 26C..................................

ad. No. 120, 1998

S. 27 ...................................

am. No. 124, 1989

S. 28 ...................................

am. Nos. 124 and 163, 1989; No. 82, 2007

S. 28A .................................

ad. No. 39, 1995

 

am. No. 120, 1998; No. 82, 2007

Note to s. 28A(3)................

ad. No. 120, 1998

S. 28B..................................

ad. No. 120, 1998

S. 29....................................

am. No. 120, 1998

S. 30....................................

rs. No. 120, 1998

 

am. No. 146, 2006; No. 82, 2007

S. 30AA................................

ad. No. 82, 2007

S. 30A .................................

ad. No. 13, 1992

 

rs. No. 82, 2007

S. 32....................................

rs. No. 120, 1998

Division 3

 

S. 33 ...................................

am. No. 132, 1988; No. 124, 1989; No. 120, 1998; No. 137, 2001; No. 146, 2006; No. 82, 2007

Note to s. 33(1)...................

ad. No. 120, 1998

S. 34 ...................................

am. No. 124, 1989; No. 120, 1998; No. 137, 2001; No. 82, 2007