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Telecommunications Act 1997

  • - C2009C00156
  • In force - Superseded Version
  • View Series
Act No. 47 of 1997 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Act No. 16 of 2009
An Act about telecommunications, and for related purposes
Administered by: Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy
Registered 07 Apr 2009
Start Date 27 Mar 2009
End Date 16 Nov 2009
Table of contents.
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Collapse Part 1—IntroductionPart 1—Introduction
1 Short title [see Note 1]
2 Commencement [see Note 1]
3 Objects
4 Regulatory policy
5 Simplified outline
6 Main index
7 Definitions
8 Crown to be bound
9 Extra‑territorial application
10 Extension to external Territories
11 Extension to offshore areas
11A Application of the Criminal Code
12 Act subject to Radiocommunications Act
13 Continuity of partnerships
14 Controlled carriage services, controlled networks and controlled facilities
15 Content service
16 Listed carriage services
18 Access to an emergency call service
19 Recognised person who operates an emergency call service
20 Customer cabling
21 Customer equipment
22 Customer cabling and customer equipment—boundary of a telecommunications network
23 Immediate circle
24 Extended meaning of use
Expand Part 2—Network unitsPart 2—Network units
Expand Part 3—CarriersPart 3—Carriers
Expand Part 4—Service providersPart 4—Service providers
Expand Part 5—Monitoring of the performance of carriers and carriage service providersPart 5—Monitoring of the performance of carriers and carriage service providers
Expand Part 6—Industry codes and industry standardsPart 6—Industry codes and industry standards
Expand Part 13—Protection of communicationsPart 13—Protection of communications
Expand Part 14—National interest mattersPart 14—National interest matters
Expand Part 16—Defence requirements and disaster plansPart 16—Defence requirements and disaster plans
Expand Part 17—Pre‑selection in favour of carriage service providersPart 17—Pre‑selection in favour of carriage service providers
Expand Part 18—Calling line identificationPart 18—Calling line identification
Expand Part 19—Advanced Mobile Phone System (AMPS)Part 19—Advanced Mobile Phone System (AMPS)
Expand Part 20—International aspects of activities of the telecommunications industryPart 20—International aspects of activities of the telecommunications industry
Expand Part 21—Technical regulationPart 21—Technical regulation
Expand Part 22—Numbering of carriage services and regulation of electronic addressing
Part 22—Numbering of carriage services and regulation of electronic addressing
Expand Part 23—Standard agreements for the supply of carriage servicesPart 23—Standard agreements for the supply of carriage services
Expand Part 24—Carriers’ powers and immunitiesPart 24—Carriers’ powers and immunities
Expand Part 24A—Submarine cablesPart 24A—Submarine cables
Expand Part 25—Public inquiriesPart 25—Public inquiries
Expand Part 26—InvestigationsPart 26—Investigations
Expand Part 27—The ACMA’s information‑gathering powersPart 27—The ACMA’s information‑gathering powers
Expand Part 27A—Information relating to a broadband telecommunications networkPart 27A—Information relating to a broadband telecommunications network
Expand Part 28—EnforcementPart 28—Enforcement
Expand Part 29—Review of decisionsPart 29—Review of decisions
Expand Part 30—InjunctionsPart 30—Injunctions
Expand Part 31—Civil penaltiesPart 31—Civil penalties
Expand Part 31A—Enforceable undertakingsPart 31A—Enforceable undertakings
Expand Part 32—Vicarious liabilityPart 32—Vicarious liability
Expand Part 34—Special provisions relating to functions and powers of the ACMA and the Attorney‑General in respect of telecommunicationsPart 34—Special provisions relating to functions and powers of the ACMA and the Attorney‑General in respect of telecommunications
Expand Part 35—MiscellaneousPart 35—Miscellaneous
Schedule 1—Standard carrier licence conditions
Expand Part 1—Compliance with this ActPart 1—Compliance with this Act
Expand Part 3—Access to supplementary facilities Part 3—Access to supplementary facilities
Expand Part 4—Access to network informationPart 4—Access to network information
Expand Part 5—Access to telecommunications transmission towers and to underground facilitiesPart 5—Access to telecommunications transmission towers and to underground facilities
Expand Part 6—Inspection of facilities etc.Part 6—Inspection of facilities etc.
Expand Part 7—Any‑to‑any connectivityPart 7—Any‑to‑any connectivity
Expand Part 8—Operational separation of TelstraPart 8—Operational separation of Telstra
Schedule 2—Standard service provider rules
Expand Part 1—Compliance with this ActPart 1—Compliance with this Act
Expand Part 2—Operator servicesPart 2—Operator services
Expand Part 3—Directory assistance servicesPart 3—Directory assistance services
Expand Part 4—Integrated public number databasePart 4—Integrated public number database
Expand Part 5—Itemised billingPart 5—Itemised billing
Schedule 3—Carriers’ powers and immunities
Expand Part 1—General provisionsPart 1—General provisions
Expand Part 2—Transitional provisionsPart 2—Transitional provisions
Expand Part 3—Compensation for acquisition of propertyPart 3—Compensation for acquisition of property
Schedule 3A—Protection of submarine cables
Expand Part 1—PreliminaryPart 1—Preliminary
Expand Part 2—Protection zonesPart 2—Protection zones
Expand Part 3—Permits to install submarine cablesPart 3—Permits to install submarine cables
Expand Part 4—CompensationPart 4—Compensation
Expand Part 5—MiscellaneousPart 5—Miscellaneous
Schedule 4—Reviewable decisions of the ACMA
Expand Part 1—Decisions that may be subject to reconsideration by the ACMAPart 1—Decisions that may be subject to reconsideration by the ACMA
Expand Part 2—Decisions to which section 556 does not applyPart 2—Decisions to which section 556 does not apply

Telecommunications Act 1997

Act No. 47 of 1997 as amended

This compilation was prepared on 6 April 2009
taking into account amendments up to Act No. 16 of 2009

[Note: Subsections 531F(1) and (2) and paragraphs 531G(2)(e) and (3A)(e) cease to have effect on 27 May 2009, see subsections 531F(3), 531G(3) and (3B)]

The text of any of those amendments not in force
on that date is appended in the Notes section

The operation of amendments that have been incorporated may be
affected by application provisions that are set out in the Notes section

Prepared by the Office of Legislative Drafting and Publishing,
Attorney‑General’s Department,
Canberra

  

  

  


Contents

Part 1—Introduction                                                                                                              1

1............ Short title [see Note 1]....................................................................... 1

2............ Commencement [see Note 1].............................................................. 1

3............ Objects................................................................................................ 1

4............ Regulatory policy............................................................................... 3

5............ Simplified outline................................................................................ 3

6............ Main index.......................................................................................... 7

7............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 8

8............ Crown to be bound........................................................................... 18

9............ Extra‑territorial application.............................................................. 18

10.......... Extension to external Territories....................................................... 18

11.......... Extension to offshore areas............................................................... 19

11A....... Application of the Criminal Code.................................................... 19

12.......... Act subject to Radiocommunications Act........................................ 20

13.......... Continuity of partnerships............................................................... 20

14.......... Controlled carriage services, controlled networks and controlled facilities              20

15.......... Content service................................................................................. 22

16.......... Listed carriage services..................................................................... 22

18.......... Access to an emergency call service................................................. 23

19.......... Recognised person who operates an emergency call service............ 23

20.......... Customer cabling.............................................................................. 23

21.......... Customer equipment........................................................................ 24

22.......... Customer cabling and customer equipment—boundary of a telecommunications network    25

23.......... Immediate circle................................................................................ 27

24.......... Extended meaning of use................................................................... 31

Part 2—Network units                                                                                                        32

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                                32

25.......... Simplified outline.............................................................................. 32

Division 2—Basic definition                                                                                    33

26.......... Single line links connecting distinct places in Australia.................... 33

27.......... Multiple line links connecting distinct places in Australia............... 33

28.......... Designated radiocommunications facility......................................... 34

29.......... Facilities specified in Ministerial determination............................... 35

Division 3—Related definitions                                                                            36

30.......... Line links.......................................................................................... 36

31.......... Designated radiocommunications facility......................................... 36

32.......... Public mobile telecommunications service........................................ 38

33.......... Intercell hand‑over functions............................................................ 39

34.......... When a base station is part of a terrestrial radiocommunications customer access network   40

35.......... Fixed radiocommunications link....................................................... 41

Division 4—Distinct places                                                                                     43

36.......... Distinct places—basic rules............................................................. 43

37.......... Properties......................................................................................... 43

38.......... Combined areas................................................................................. 44

39.......... Principal user of a property............................................................. 45

40.......... Eligible combined areas..................................................................... 45

Part 3—Carriers                                                                                                                    46

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                                46

41.......... Simplified outline.............................................................................. 46

Division 2—Prohibitions relating to carriers                                                 47

42.......... Network unit not to be used without carrier licence or nominated carrier declaration            47

43.......... Continuing offences.......................................................................... 48

44.......... Supply to the public......................................................................... 48

45.......... Exemption—defence......................................................................... 50

46.......... Exemption—intelligence operations................................................. 50

47.......... Exemption—transport authorities.................................................... 51

48.......... Exemption—broadcasting services................................................... 52

49.......... Exemption—electricity supply bodies............................................. 54

50.......... Exemption—line links authorised by or under previous laws.......... 54

51.......... Exemption—Ministerial determination............................................ 56

Division 3—Carrier licences                                                                                  58

52.......... Applications for carrier licence......................................................... 58

53.......... Form of application etc.................................................................... 58

53A....... Copy of application to be given to Communications Access Co‑ordinator            58

54.......... Application to be accompanied by charge........................................ 58

55.......... Further information.......................................................................... 58

56.......... Grant of licence................................................................................. 59

56A....... Consultation with Communications Access Co‑ordinator............... 59

57.......... Carrier licence has effect subject to this Act.................................... 60

58.......... Refusal of carrier licence—disqualified applicant............................. 61

58A....... Refusal of carrier licence—security.................................................. 63

59.......... Time limit on licence decision........................................................... 64

60.......... Notification of refusal of application............................................... 67

61.......... Conditions of carrier licence specified in Schedule 1........................ 67

61A....... Review before 1 July 2009 of conditions relating to operational separation of Telstra          67

62.......... Condition of carrier licence set out in section 152AZ of the Trade Practices Act 1974          68

63.......... Conditions of carrier licence declared by Minister........................... 68

64.......... Consultation about declared licence conditions................................ 70

65.......... Conditions about foreign ownership or control................................ 71

67.......... Carrier licence conditions—special provisions................................. 71

68.......... Compliance with conditions............................................................. 71

69.......... Remedial directions—breach of condition........................................ 72

69A....... Remedial directions—breach by Telstra of conditions relating to operational separation      73

69B....... Review by the Australian Competition Tribunal of remedial directions given by the ACCC                73

70.......... Formal warnings—breach of condition............................................. 75

71.......... Surrender of carrier licence................................................................ 75

72.......... Cancellation of carrier licence........................................................... 76

73.......... Collection of charges relating to carrier licences............................... 77

73A....... Refund of application charge............................................................ 79

74.......... Collection of charges on behalf of the Commonwealth.................... 79

75.......... Cancellation of certain exemptions from charge............................... 79

76.......... Commonwealth not liable to charge.................................................. 80

Division 4—Nominated carrier declarations                                                  81

77.......... Applications for nominated carrier declarations............................... 81

78.......... Application to be accompanied by charge etc.................................. 81

79.......... Form of application etc.................................................................... 81

80.......... Further information.......................................................................... 81

81.......... Making a nominated carrier declaration............................................ 82

81A....... Obligations of nominated carrier....................................................... 82

82.......... Notification of refusal of application............................................... 83

83.......... Revocation of nominated carrier declaration..................................... 83

Division 5—Register of nominated carrier declarations and carrier licences    85

84.......... Register of nominated carrier declarations and carrier licences......... 85

Part 4—Service providers                                                                                                86

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                                86

85.......... Simplified outline.............................................................................. 86

Division 2—Service providers                                                                               87

86.......... Service providers.............................................................................. 87

Division 3—Carriage service providers                                                           88

87.......... Carriage service providers................................................................. 88

88.......... Supply to the public......................................................................... 90

89.......... Exemption from definition—customers located on the same premises 91

90.......... Exemption from definition—defence................................................ 91

91.......... Exemption from definition—intelligence operations........................ 92

92.......... Exemption from definition—transport authorities........................... 92

93.......... Exemption from definition—broadcasting services.......................... 93

94.......... Exemption from definition—electricity supply bodies.................... 94

95.......... Exemption from definition—Ministerial determination................... 94

96.......... Exemption from certain regulatory provisions—Ministerial determination            95

Division 4—Content service providers                                                            96

97.......... Content service providers................................................................. 96

Division 5—Service provider rules                                                                     97

98.......... Service provider rules....................................................................... 97

99.......... Service provider determinations....................................................... 97

100........ Exemptions from service provider rules........................................... 98

101........ Service providers must comply with service provider rules............ 98

102........ Remedial directions—breach of service provider rules..................... 99

103........ Formal warnings—breach of service provider rules....................... 100

Part 5—Monitoring of the performance of carriers and carriage service providers            101

104........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 101

105........ Monitoring of performance—annual report................................... 101

105A..... Monitoring of performance—additional report.............................. 103

Part 6—Industry codes and industry standards                                                 104

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              104

106........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 104

Division 2—Interpretation                                                                                     105

107........ Industry codes................................................................................ 105

108........ Industry standards.......................................................................... 105

108A..... Electronic messaging service provider............................................ 105

108B..... Telecommunications industry........................................................ 105

109........ Telecommunications activity.......................................................... 106

109A..... E‑marketing activity....................................................................... 106

109B..... Telemarketing activity.................................................................... 107

110........ Sections of the telecommunications industry................................. 109

110A..... Sections of the e‑marketing industry.............................................. 110

110B..... Sections of the telemarketing industry........................................... 111

111........ Participants in a section of the telecommunications industry........ 112

111A..... Participants in a section of the e‑marketing industry..................... 112

111AA.. Participants in a section of the telemarketing industry.................. 112

111B..... Unsolicited commercial electronic messages................................... 112

Division 3—General principles relating to industry codes and industry standards         113

112........ Statement of regulatory policy....................................................... 113

113........ Examples of matters that may be dealt with by industry codes and industry standards        115

114........ Industry codes and industry standards may confer powers on the Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman  117

115........ Industry codes and industry standards not to deal with certain design features and performance requirements    117

116........ Industry codes and industry standards not to deal with matters dealt with by codes and standards under Part 9 of the Broadcasting Services Act.............................................................. 118

116A..... Industry codes and standards do not affect Privacy Act 1988....... 119

Division 4—Industry codes                                                                                   120

117........ Registration of industry codes........................................................ 120

118........ ACMA may request codes............................................................. 122

119........ Publication of notice where no body or association represents a section of the telecommunications industry, the e‑marketing industry or the telemarketing industry....................... 124

120........ Replacement of industry codes...................................................... 124

121........ Directions about compliance with industry codes......................... 124

122........ Formal warnings—breach of industry codes.................................. 126

122A..... De‑registering industry codes and provisions of industry codes... 127

Division 5—Industry standards                                                                           128

123........ ACMA may determine an industry standard if a request for an industry code is not complied with    128

124........ ACMA may determine industry standard where no industry body or association formed    129

125........ ACMA may determine industry standards where industry codes fail 130

125A..... ACMA must determine certain industry standards relating to the telemarketing industry    131

126........ Industry standards not to be determined for certain privacy matters 132

127........ Industry standards not to be determined during the first 180 days after commencement       132

128........ Compliance with industry standards.............................................. 132

129........ Formal warnings—breach of industry standards............................ 133

130........ Variation of industry standards...................................................... 133

131........ Revocation of industry standards................................................... 134

132........ Public consultation on industry standards..................................... 134

133........ Consultation with ACCC and the Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman     135

134........ Consultation with Privacy Commissioner...................................... 135

135........ Consultation with consumer body................................................. 136

135A..... Consultation with the States and Territories.................................. 136

Division 6—Register of industry codes and industry standards        137

136........ ACMA to maintain Register of industry codes and industry standards 137

Division 6A—Reimbursement of costs of development of consumer‑related industry codes  138

136A..... Application for eligibility for reimbursement of costs of development of consumer‑related industry code           138

136B..... Declaration of eligibility for reimbursement of costs of development of consumer‑related industry code             139

136C..... Reimbursement of costs of developing consumer‑related industry code 140

136D..... Costs—transactions between persons not at arm’s length............ 141

136E...... Refundable cost.............................................................................. 142

Division 7—Miscellaneous                                                                                    143

137........ Protection from civil proceedings................................................... 143

138........ Implied freedom of political communication.................................. 143

139........ Agreements for the carrying on of telemarketing activities must require compliance with this Part       143

Part 13—Protection of communications                                                                 145

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        145

270........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 145

271........ Eligible person................................................................................ 145

272........ Number‑database operator and eligible number‑database person... 146

273........ Information..................................................................................... 146

274........ Telecommunications contractor...................................................... 146

275........ Number‑database contractor........................................................... 146

275A..... Location information...................................................................... 147

275B..... Emergency management person...................................................... 147

275C..... Emergency...................................................................................... 148

275D..... Emergency law................................................................................ 148

275E...... Relevant information...................................................................... 148

Division 2—Primary disclosure/use offences                                              149

276........ Primary disclosure/use offence—eligible persons.......................... 149

277........ Primary disclosure/use offence—eligible number‑database persons 151

278........ Primary disclosure/use offence—emergency call persons.............. 152

Division 3—Exceptions to primary disclosure/use offences               154

Subdivision A—Exceptions                                                                                    154

279........ Performance of person’s duties...................................................... 154

280........ Authorisation by or under law....................................................... 155

281........ Witnesses........................................................................................ 155

284........ Assisting the ACMA, the ACCC or the Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman           156

285........ Integrated public number database................................................. 156

285A..... Data for emergency warnings......................................................... 160

286........ Calls to emergency service number................................................. 161

287........ Threat to person’s life or health..................................................... 161

288........ Communications for maritime purposes........................................ 162

289........ Knowledge or consent of person concerned................................... 162

290........ Implicit consent of sender and recipient of communication........... 162

291........ Business needs of other carriers or service providers..................... 162

291A..... Location dependent carriage services.............................................. 165

292........ Circumstances prescribed in the regulations................................... 166

293........ Uses connected with exempt disclosures....................................... 166

294........ Effect of this Subdivision............................................................... 166

Subdivision B—Burden of proof                                                                           167

295........ Burden of proof.............................................................................. 167

Division 3A—Integrated public number database authorisations    168

Subdivision A—ACMA scheme for the granting of authorisations              168

295A..... ACMA to make integrated public number database scheme.......... 168

295B..... Scheme must deal with certain matters........................................... 168

295C..... Applications may be treated differently........................................ 168

295D..... Scope of authorisations.................................................................. 169

295E...... Provisional and final authorisations................................................ 169

295F...... Conditions...................................................................................... 169

295G..... Varying or revoking authorisations................................................. 169

295H..... Scheme may confer administrative powers on the ACMA............ 169

295J...... Ancillary or incidental provisions.................................................. 169

295K..... Scheme‑making power not limited.................................................. 170

295L...... Variation of scheme........................................................................ 170

295M.... Consultation................................................................................... 170

Subdivision B—Ministerial instruments                                                           170

295N..... Criteria for deciding authorisation applications.............................. 170

295P...... Conditions...................................................................................... 171

295Q..... Other reviewable decisions............................................................. 171

Subdivision C—Enforcing compliance with conditions of authorisations    171

295R..... Offence of breaching a condition.................................................... 171

295S...... Remedial directions for breaching a condition................................ 172

295T..... Formal warnings for breaching a condition..................................... 172

Subdivision D—Report to Minister                                                                      172

295U..... Report to Minister......................................................................... 172

Division 3B—Emergency warnings                                                                  174

295V..... Use or disclosure of information by emergency management persons 174

295W.... Use or disclosure of information by other persons........................ 174

295X..... Effect on telecommunications network.......................................... 175

295Y..... Coronial and other inquiries............................................................ 175

295Z..... Offence—use or disclosure of information by emergency management persons    175

295ZA.. Offence—use or disclosure of information by other persons........ 176

295ZB... Reports of access............................................................................ 176

295ZC... Annual reports to the ACMA and Privacy Commissioner............ 177

295ZD.. Arrangements with States and Territories...................................... 177

295ZE... Commonwealth immunity.............................................................. 178

Division 4—Secondary disclosure/use offences                                         179

296........ Performance of person’s duties...................................................... 179

297........ Authorisation by or under law....................................................... 179

299........ Assisting the ACMA, the ACCC or the Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman           179

299A..... Integrated public number database................................................. 180

300........ Threat to person’s life or health..................................................... 181

301........ Communications for maritime purposes........................................ 181

302........ Business needs of other carriers or service providers..................... 181

302A..... Location dependent carriage services.............................................. 182

303........ Secondary offence—contravening this Division............................. 182

303A..... Generality of Division not limited.................................................. 182

Division 4A—Relationship with the Privacy Act 1988                           183

303B..... Acts taken to be authorised by law for purposes of Privacy Act.. 183

303C..... Prosecution of an offence against this Part does not affect proceedings under the Privacy Act 1988     183

Division 5—Record‑keeping requirements                                                 184

304........ Associate........................................................................................ 184

305........ Authorisations under the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979               184

306........ Record of disclosures—general....................................................... 184

306A..... Record of disclosures—prospective authorisation under the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979........................................................................................................ 186

307........ Incorrect records............................................................................. 187

308........ Annual reports to the ACMA by carriers, carriage service providers or number‑database operators    187

309........ Monitoring by the Privacy Commissioner..................................... 188

Division 6—Instrument‑making powers not limited                                189

310........ Instrument‑making powers not limited.......................................... 189

Part 14—National interest matters                                                                           190

311........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 190

312........ ACMA’s obligations...................................................................... 190

313........ Obligations of carriers and carriage service providers..................... 191

314........ Terms and conditions on which help is to be given........................ 193

315........ Suspension of supply of carriage service in an emergency............. 194

316........ Generality of Part not limited......................................................... 195

Part 16—Defence requirements and disaster plans                                        196

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        196

333........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 196

334........ Defence authority........................................................................... 196

Division 2—Supply of carriage services                                                         197

335........ Requirement to supply carriage services for defence purposes or for the management of natural disasters           197

Division 3—Defence planning                                                                              199

336........ Definitions...................................................................................... 199

337........ Preparation of draft agreement....................................................... 199

338........ ACMA’s certification of draft agreement...................................... 200

339........ Requirement to enter into certified agreement................................ 201

340........ Compliance with agreement............................................................ 201

341........ Withdrawal of certification of agreement........................................ 201

342........ Duration of agreement.................................................................... 201

343........ Variation of agreement.................................................................... 202

Division 4—Disaster plans                                                                                    203

344........ Designated disaster plans............................................................... 203

345........ Carrier licence conditions about designated disaster plans............. 203

346........ Service provider determinations about designated disaster plans... 203

346A..... Carrier and carriage service provider immunity.............................. 203

Division 5—Delegation                                                                                            204

347........ Delegation....................................................................................... 204

Part 17—Pre‑selection in favour of carriage service providers               205

348........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 205

349........ Requirement to provide pre‑selection............................................ 205

350........ When pre‑selection is provided in favour of a carriage service provider 206

350A..... Declared carriage services............................................................... 207

351........ Pre‑selection to be provided........................................................... 208

352........ Exemptions from requirement to provide pre‑selection................. 209

353........ Use of over‑ride dial codes............................................................. 209

Part 18—Calling line identification                                                                           211

354........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 211

355........ Calling line identification................................................................ 211

356........ Exemptions from calling line identification requirement................. 211

Part 19—Advanced Mobile Phone System (AMPS)                                       213

357........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 213

358........ Meaning of AMPS........................................................................... 213

359........ Scope of Part.................................................................................. 213

360........ No new AMPS............................................................................... 213

361........ AMPS to be phased out................................................................. 213

362........ Limited exemption from phase‑out of AMPS................................ 214

363........ Competition not to be reduced....................................................... 215

Part 20—International aspects of activities of the telecommunications industry   216

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              216

364........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 216

Division 2—Compliance with international agreements                        217

365........ INTELSAT and Inmarsat—directions to Signatories..................... 217

366........ Compliance with conventions........................................................ 217

Division 3—Rules of conduct about dealings with international telecommunications operators             219

367........ Rules of conduct about dealings with international telecommunications operators                219

368........ ACCC to administer Rules of Conduct.......................................... 221

369........ Rules of Conduct to bind carriers and carriage service providers... 221

370........ Unenforceability of agreements...................................................... 222

371........ Investigations by the ACCC.......................................................... 222

372........ Reviews of the operation of this Division...................................... 222

Part 21—Technical regulation                                                                                     224

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              224

373........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 224

Division 2—Interpretative provisions                                                             226

374........ Part applies to networks or facilities in Australia operated by carriers or carriage service providers     226

375........ Manager of network or facility....................................................... 226

Division 3—Technical standards about customer equipment and customer cabling      227

376........ ACMA’s power to make technical standards................................ 227

377........ Adoption of voluntary standards................................................... 228

378........ Procedures for making technical standards..................................... 228

379........ Making technical standards in cases of urgency............................. 229

Division 4—Disability standards                                                                         231

380........ Disability standards........................................................................ 231

381........ Adoption of voluntary standards................................................... 232

382........ Procedures for making disability standards.................................... 232

383........ Effect of compliance with disability standards.............................. 233

Division 5—Technical standards about the interconnection of facilities               234

384........ ACMA’s power to make technical standards................................ 234

385........ Adoption of voluntary standards................................................... 235

386........ Procedures for making technical standards..................................... 235

387........ Procedures for making technical standards..................................... 236

388........ Provision of access......................................................................... 237

389........ Promotion of the long‑term interests of end‑users of carriage services and of services supplied by means of carriage services........................................................................................... 237

Division 6—Connection permits and connection rules                          238

Subdivision A—Connection permits authorising the connection of non‑standard customer equipment and non‑standard cabling                                                                                          238

390........ Application for connection permit................................................. 238

391........ Form of application........................................................................ 238

392........ Application to be accompanied by charge...................................... 239

393........ Further information........................................................................ 239

394........ Issue of connection permits............................................................ 239

395........ Connection permit has effect subject to this Act........................... 240

396........ Nominees of holder......................................................................... 240

397........ Duration of connection permits...................................................... 240

398........ Conditions of connection permits.................................................. 240

399........ Offence of contravening condition.................................................. 241

400........ Formal warnings—breach of condition........................................... 242

401........ Surrender of connection permit...................................................... 242

402........ Cancellation of connection permit.................................................. 242

403........ Register of connection permits....................................................... 242

Subdivision B—Connection rules                                                                        243

404........ Connection rules............................................................................. 243

405........ Procedures for making connection rules......................................... 244

Division 7—Labelling of customer equipment and customer cabling 246

406........ Application of labels...................................................................... 246

406A..... Application of Division to agent of manufacturer or importer...... 246

407........ Labelling requirements.................................................................... 246

408........ Requirements to apply labels—ancillary matters.......................... 247

409........ Recognised testing authorities and competent bodies.................... 248

410........ Certification bodies......................................................................... 249

411........ Connection of customer equipment or customer cabling—breach of section 376 standards   249

412........ Connection of labelled customer equipment or customer cabling not to be refused                251

413........ Supply of unlabelled customer equipment or unlabelled customer cabling             252

414........ Applying labels before satisfying requirements under subsection 408(5)               253

415........ Failure to retain records etc............................................................ 253

416........ Application of labels containing false statements about compliance with standards              254

Division 8—Protected symbols                                                                           255

417........ Protected symbols.......................................................................... 255

Division 9—Cabling providers                                                                            259

418........ Cabling work................................................................................... 259

419........ Types of cabling work.................................................................... 259

420........ Prohibition of unauthorised cabling work....................................... 259

421........ Cabling provider rules..................................................................... 260

422........ Procedures for making cabling provider rules................................. 261

423........ Application for cabling licence....................................................... 261

424........ Form of application........................................................................ 262

425........ Application to be accompanied by charge...................................... 262

426........ Further information........................................................................ 262

427........ Grant of cabling licence................................................................... 262

428........ Time limit on licence decision......................................................... 263

429........ Notification of refusal of application............................................. 263

430........ Cabling licence has effect subject to this Act................................. 263

431........ Duration of cabling licence.............................................................. 264

432........ Conditions of cabling licence.......................................................... 264

433........ Procedures for changing licence conditions..................................... 264

434........ Offence in relation to contravening condition................................. 265

435........ Formal warnings—breach of condition........................................... 266

436........ Surrender of cabling licence............................................................. 266

437........ Suspension of cabling licence.......................................................... 266

438........ Cancellation of cabling licence........................................................ 267

439........ ACMA may limit application of Division in relation to customer cabling             267

440........ Ministerial directions...................................................................... 268

441........ Delegation....................................................................................... 268

442........ Register of cabling licences............................................................. 269

Division 10—Remedies for unauthorised connections to telecommunications networks etc. 270

443........ Civil action for unauthorised connections to telecommunications networks etc.    270

444........ Remedy for contravention of labelling requirements...................... 271

445........ Remedies for connection of unlabelled customer equipment or unlabelled customer cabling  272

446........ Disconnection of dangerous customer equipment or customer cabling 274

447........ Disconnection of customer equipment or customer cabling—protection of the integrity of networks and facilities........................................................................................................ 275

448........ Civil action for dangerous connections to telecommunications networks etc.         276

449........ Other remedies not affected............................................................ 277

Division 11—Prohibited customer equipment and prohibited customer cabling             278

450........ Declaration of prohibited customer equipment or prohibited customer cabling      278

451........ Consultation on proposed declaration............................................ 279

452........ Operation of prohibited customer equipment or customer cabling 279

Division 12—Pre‑commencement labels                                                       280

453........ Pre‑commencement labels............................................................... 280

Division 13—Penalties payable instead of prosecution                          281

453A..... Penalties payable instead of prosecution....................................... 281

Part 22—Numbering of carriage services and regulation of electronic addressing              282

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              282

454........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 282

Division 2—Numbering of carriage services                                               283

Subdivision A—Numbering plan                                                                          283

455........ Numbering plan.............................................................................. 283

456........ Numbering plan—supply to the public......................................... 284

457........ Numbering plan—allocation otherwise than in accordance with an allocation system           285

458........ Numbering plan—rules about portability of allocated numbers.... 285

459........ ACMA to administer numbering plan............................................ 286

460........ Consultation about numbering plan................................................ 286

461........ Consultation with ACCC............................................................... 288

462........ Compliance with the numbering plan............................................. 288

Subdivision B—Allocation system for numbers                                                289

463........ Allocation system for numbers...................................................... 289

464........ Consultation about an allocation system........................................ 290

Subdivision C—Miscellaneous                                                                             291

465........ Register of allocated numbers......................................................... 291

466........ Emergency service numbers............................................................ 292

467........ Delegation....................................................................................... 293

468........ Collection of numbering charges..................................................... 294

469........ Collection of charges on behalf of the Commonwealth.................. 296

470........ Cancellation of certain exemptions from charge............................. 296

471........ Commonwealth not liable to charge................................................ 296

472........ Integrated public number database................................................. 297

473........ Letters and symbols taken to be numbers...................................... 297

Division 3—Regulation of electronic addressing                                      298

474........ Declared manager of electronic addressing...................................... 298

475........ ACMA may give directions to declared manager of electronic addressing              298

476........ ACCC may give directions to declared manager of electronic addressing                299

477........ ACCC’s directions to prevail over the ACMA’s directions.......... 300

Part 23—Standard agreements for the supply of carriage services      301

478........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 301

479........ Standard terms and conditions apply unless excluded................... 301

480........ Standard form of agreement to be publicly available...................... 302

480A..... Other information to be publicly available..................................... 303

481........ Standard form of agreement to be given to the ACMA.................. 304

482........ Concurrent operation of State/Territory laws................................ 304

483........ Trade Practices Act not affected by this Part................................ 304

Part 24—Carriers’ powers and immunities                                                          305

484........ Schedule 3....................................................................................... 305

Part 24A—Submarine cables                                                                                        306

484A..... Schedule 3A.................................................................................... 306

Part 25—Public inquiries                                                                                                 307

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              307

485........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 307

Division 2—Inquiries by the ACMA                                                                308

486........ When inquiry must be held............................................................. 308

487........ When inquiry may be held.............................................................. 308

488........ Informing the public about an inquiry............................................ 309

489........ Discussion paper............................................................................ 309

490........ Written submissions and protection from civil actions.................. 309

491........ Hearings.......................................................................................... 310

492........ Hearing to be in public except in exceptional cases........................ 311

493........ Confidential material not to be published....................................... 311

494........ Direction about private hearings..................................................... 312

495........ Reports on inquiries....................................................................... 313

Division 3—Inquiries by the ACCC                                                                 315

496........ When inquiry must be held............................................................. 315

497........ When inquiry may be held.............................................................. 315

498........ Informing the public about an inquiry............................................ 315

499........ Discussion paper............................................................................ 316

500........ Written submissions and protection from civil actions.................. 316

501........ Hearings.......................................................................................... 317

502........ Hearing to be in public except in exceptional cases........................ 317

503........ Confidential material not to be published....................................... 318

504........ Direction about private hearings..................................................... 319

505........ Reports on inquiries....................................................................... 320

506........ ACCC’s other powers not limited................................................. 320

Part 26—Investigations                                                                                                   321

507........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 321

508........ Matters to which this Part applies................................................. 321

509........ Complaints to the ACMA............................................................. 322

510........ Investigations by the ACMA......................................................... 323

511........ Preliminary inquiries....................................................................... 324

512........ Conduct of investigations............................................................... 324

513........ Complainant and certain other persons to be informed of various matters             325

514........ Reference of matters to Ombudsman or other responsible person 325

515........ Reference of matters to the ACCC................................................. 327

515A..... Reference of matters to Privacy Commissioner............................. 328

516........ Reports on investigations............................................................... 329

517........ Publication of reports..................................................................... 329

518........ Person adversely affected by report to be given opportunity to comment             330

519........ Protection from civil actions........................................................... 330

Part 27—The ACMA’s information‑gathering powers                                  332

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              332

520........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 332

Division 2—Information‑gathering powers                                                   333

521........ The ACMA may obtain information and documents from carriers and service providers     333

522........ The ACMA may obtain information and documents from other persons              334

523........ Copying documents—reasonable compensation............................ 336

524........ Self‑incrimination............................................................................ 336

525........ Giving false or misleading information or evidence........................ 336

527........ Copies of documents...................................................................... 337

528........ ACMA may retain documents....................................................... 337

Division 3—Record‑keeping rules                                                                    338

529........ ACMA may make record‑keeping rules......................................... 338

530........ Compliance with record‑keeping rules........................................... 338

531........ Incorrect records............................................................................. 339

Part 27A—Information relating to a broadband telecommunications network        340

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        340

531A..... Simplified outline............................................................................ 340

531B..... Definitions...................................................................................... 340

531C..... Designated information................................................................... 343

531D..... Designated request for proposal notice.......................................... 345

531E...... Action by the Commonwealth....................................................... 346

Division 2—Carriers must give information to an authorised information officer           347

531F...... Carriers must give information to an authorised information officer [see Note 1]  347

Division 3—Protection of information                                                             348

531G..... Protection of information—entrusted public officials [see Note 1] 348

531H..... Disclosure of protected carrier information to a company............. 353

531J...... Stay of decisions............................................................................. 355

531K..... Protection of information—entrusted company officer................. 355

531L...... Compensation of carrier for loss or damage................................... 357

531M.... Appointment of authorised information officers........................... 358

531N..... Restricted recipients rules.............................................................. 359

531P...... Storage, handling or destruction of protected carrier information.. 359

531Q..... Submissions by companies............................................................. 360

Part 28—Enforcement                                                                                                      361

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        361

532........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 361

532A..... References to the Spam Act 2003................................................... 362

Division 2—Inspectors and identity cards                                                    363

533........ Inspectors....................................................................................... 363

534........ Identity cards.................................................................................. 364

Division 3—Search warrants relating to breaches of the Spam Act 2003 or Part 21 of this Act              365

535........ Magistrate may issue warrant........................................................ 365

536........ Reasonable grounds for issuing warrant etc.................................... 365

537........ Contents of warrant........................................................................ 366

538........ Warrants may be issued by telephone etc...................................... 366

539........ Provisions relating to issue of warrant by telephone etc................ 366

540........ Proceedings involving warrant issued by telephone etc................. 368

Division 4—Searches and seizures relating to breaches of the Spam Act 2003 or Part 21 of this Act 369

541........ When is a thing connected with an offence?................................... 369

541A..... When is a thing connected with a breach of the Spam Act 2003?... 369

542........ Searches and seizures...................................................................... 369

543........ Production of identity card etc....................................................... 370

544........ Evidence of commission of other offences against Part 21 of this Act or other breaches of the Spam Act 2003    371

545........ Emergency entry, search and seizure.............................................. 372

546........ Retention of things seized.............................................................. 373

Division 5—Searches to monitor compliance with Part 21                   374

547........ Searches to monitor compliance with Part 21................................ 374

Division 5A—Searches to monitor compliance with the Spam Act 2003              375

547A..... Powers available to inspectors for monitoring compliance............ 375

547B..... Monitoring powers......................................................................... 375

547C..... Production of identity card etc....................................................... 377

547D..... Monitoring warrants....................................................................... 377

547E...... Details of warrant to be given to occupier etc................................ 378

547F...... Announcement before entry........................................................... 379

547G..... Compensation for damage to equipment........................................ 379

547H..... Occupier entitled to be present during search................................ 380

Division 5B—Access to computer data that is relevant to the Spam Act 2003                381

547J...... Access to computer data that is relevant to the Spam Act 2003.... 381

Division 6—Other powers of inspectors                                                        383

548........ General powers of inspectors......................................................... 383

549........ Power to require information etc.................................................... 384

550........ Retention of documents.................................................................. 386

Division 7—Forfeiture                                                                                             387

551........ Court may order forfeiture............................................................. 387

552........ Forfeited goods may be sold........................................................... 387

Division 8—Future offences                                                                                 388

553........ Offences that are going to be committed........................................ 388

Part 29—Review of decisions                                                                                      389

554........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 389

555........ Decisions that may be subject to reconsideration by the ACMA. 389

556........ Deadlines for reaching certain decisions......................................... 389

557........ Statements to accompany notification of decisions....................... 389

558........ Applications for reconsideration of decisions................................ 390

559........ Reconsideration by the ACMA..................................................... 390

560........ Deadlines for reconsiderations........................................................ 391

561........ Statements to accompany notification of decisions on reconsideration  391

562........ Review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal.......................... 391

Part 30—Injunctions                                                                                                          392

563........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 392

564........ Injunctions...................................................................................... 392

565........ Interim injunctions.......................................................................... 393

566........ Discharge etc. of injunctions........................................................... 394

567........ Certain limits on granting injunctions not to apply........................ 394

568........ Other powers of the court unaffected............................................ 395

Part 31—Civil penalties                                                                                                   396

569........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 396

570........ Pecuniary penalties for contravention of civil penalty provisions. 396

571........ Civil action for recovery of pecuniary penalties............................ 397

572........ Criminal proceedings not to be brought for contravention of civil penalty provisions           398

Part 31A—Enforceable undertakings                                                                      399

572A..... Simplified outline............................................................................ 399

572B..... Acceptance of undertakings............................................................ 399

572C..... Enforcement of undertakings.......................................................... 400

Part 32—Vicarious liability                                                                                            401

573........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 401

574........ Proceedings under this Act............................................................. 401

574A..... Definition........................................................................................ 401

575........ Liability of corporations................................................................. 401

576........ Liability of persons other than corporations.................................. 403

Part 34—Special provisions relating to functions and powers of the ACMA and the Attorney‑General in respect of telecommunications                                                                 405

579........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 405

580........ ACMA must have regard to conventions....................................... 405

581........ Power to give directions to carriers and service providers............. 406

Part 35—Miscellaneous                                                                                                  408

582........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 408

583........ Penalties for certain continuing offences........................................ 409

584........ Procedure relating to certain continuing offences........................... 409

585........ Treatment of partnerships.............................................................. 410

586........ Giving of documents to partnerships............................................. 411

587........ Nomination of address for service of documents........................... 411

588........ Service of summons or process on foreign corporations—criminal proceedings     412

589........ Instruments under this Act may provide for matters by reference to other instruments        412

590........ Arbitration—acquisition of property............................................. 414

591........ Compensation—constitutional safety net...................................... 414

592........ Act not to affect performance of State or Territory functions....... 415

593........ Funding of consumer representation, and of research, in relation to telecommunications       415

594........ Regulations..................................................................................... 416

Schedule 1—Standard carrier licence conditions                                              417

Part 1—Compliance with this Act                                                                              417

1............ Compliance with this Act............................................................... 417

Part 3—Access to supplementary facilities                                                          418

16.......... Simplified outline............................................................................ 418

17.......... Access to supplementary facilities................................................. 418

18.......... Terms and conditions of access...................................................... 419

19.......... Ministerial pricing determinations.................................................. 420

Part 4—Access to network information                                                                  421

20.......... Simplified outline............................................................................ 421

21.......... Access to network information...................................................... 421

22.......... Access to information in databases................................................ 422

23.......... Access to network planning information........................................ 422

24.......... Access to information about likely changes to network facilities—completion success rate of calls     423

25.......... Access to quality of service information etc.................................. 423

26.......... Security procedures........................................................................ 425

27.......... Terms and conditions of compliance.............................................. 425

27A....... Code relating to access to information............................................ 426

28.......... Ministerial pricing determinations.................................................. 426

29.......... Consultation about reconfiguration etc........................................... 427

29A....... Code relating to consultation.......................................................... 427

Part 5—Access to telecommunications transmission towers and to underground facilities             429

30.......... Simplified outline............................................................................ 429

31.......... Definitions...................................................................................... 429

32.......... Extended meaning of access............................................................ 430

33.......... Access to telecommunications transmission towers...................... 430

34.......... Access to sites of telecommunications transmission towers.......... 431

35.......... Access to eligible underground facilities......................................... 432

36.......... Terms and conditions of access...................................................... 433

37.......... Code relating to access.................................................................... 434

38.......... Industry co‑operation about sharing of sites and eligible underground facilities     435

39.......... This Part does not limit Part 3 of this Schedule............................. 435

Part 6—Inspection of facilities etc.                                                                           436

40.......... Simplified outline............................................................................ 436

41.......... Records relating to underground facilities....................................... 436

42.......... Regular inspection of facilities........................................................ 437

43.......... Prompt investigation of dangerous facilities................................... 437

44.......... Remedial action............................................................................... 437

Part 7—Any‑to‑any connectivity                                                                                439

44A....... Simplified outline............................................................................ 439

45.......... Definitions...................................................................................... 439

46.......... Carriers must obtain designated interconnection services from carriage service providers for the purpose of ensuring any‑to‑any connectivity................................................................. 439

47.......... Designated interconnection services............................................... 441

Part 8—Operational separation of Telstra                                                           442

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        442

48.......... Aim and objects.............................................................................. 442

49.......... Simplified outline............................................................................ 444

50.......... Definitions...................................................................................... 444

50A....... Designated services......................................................................... 445

50B....... Declared network services.............................................................. 446

50C....... Notional contracts.......................................................................... 446

Division 2—Operational separation plan                                                       447

51.......... Contents of draft or final operational separation plan................... 447

52.......... Draft operational separation plan to be given to Minister............. 448

53.......... Public comment—draft operational separation plan...................... 448

54.......... Approval of draft by Minister....................................................... 448

55.......... Effect of approval........................................................................... 449

56.......... Variation of final operational separation plan................................ 450

56A....... Minister may direct Telstra to vary final operational separation plan 451

57.......... Public comment—variation of final operational separation plan... 451

58.......... Publication of final operational separation plan............................. 452

Division 3—Rectification plan                                                                              453

59.......... Contents of draft or final rectification plan.................................... 453

60.......... Draft rectification plan to be given to Minister.............................. 453

61.......... Approval of draft by Minister....................................................... 453

62.......... Effect of approval........................................................................... 455

63.......... Variation of final rectification plan................................................. 455

64.......... Minister may direct Telstra to vary final rectification plan........... 456

65.......... Compliance with final rectification plan......................................... 456

66.......... Publication of final rectification plan.............................................. 456

Schedule 2—Standard service provider rules                                                     457

Part 1—Compliance with this Act                                                                              457

1............ Compliance with this Act............................................................... 457

Part 2—Operator services                                                                                             458

2............ Simplified outline............................................................................ 458

3............ Scope of Part.................................................................................. 458

4............ Operator services must be provided to end‑users of a standard telephone service 458

5............ Access to end‑users of other carriage service providers................. 458

Part 3—Directory assistance services                                                                    460

6............ Simplified outline............................................................................ 460

7............ Directory assistance services must be provided to end‑users........ 460

8............ Access by end‑users of other carriage service providers................ 460

Part 4—Integrated public number database                                                        462

9............ Simplified outline............................................................................ 462

10.......... Carriage service providers must give information to Telstra.......... 462

11.......... Carriage service providers must give information to another person or association                462

Part 5—Itemised billing                                                                                                   464

12.......... Simplified outline............................................................................ 464

13.......... Itemised billing................................................................................ 464

14.......... Exemptions from itemised billing requirements.............................. 466

15.......... Details that are not to be specified in an itemised bill.................... 466

Schedule 3—Carriers’ powers and immunities                                                  467

Part 1—General provisions                                                                                           467

Division 1—Simplified outline and definitions                                             467

1............ Simplified outline............................................................................ 467

2............ Definitions...................................................................................... 469

3............ Designated overhead line................................................................ 472

4............ Extension to a tower to be treated as the installation of a facility.. 472

Division 2—Inspection of land                                                                             473

5............ Inspection of land........................................................................... 473

Division 3—Installation of facilities                                                                  474

6............ Installation of facilities................................................................... 474

Division 4—Maintenance of facilities                                                              476

7............ Maintenance of facilities................................................................. 476

Division 5—Conditions relating to the carrying out of authorised activities      479

8............ Carrier to do as little damage as practicable.................................... 479

9............ Carrier to restore land..................................................................... 479

10.......... Management of activities................................................................ 479

11.......... Agreements with public utilities..................................................... 480

12.......... Compliance with industry standards.............................................. 480

13.......... Compliance with international agreements..................................... 480

14.......... Conditions specified in the regulations........................................... 480

15.......... Conditions specified in a Ministerial Code of Practice.................. 480

16.......... Conditions to which a facility installation permit is subject.......... 481

17.......... Notice to owner of land—general................................................... 482

18.......... Notice to owner of land—lopping of trees etc............................... 483

19.......... Notice to roads authorities, utilities etc.......................................... 485

20.......... Roads etc. to remain open for passage........................................... 486

Division 6—Facility installation permits                                                         487

21.......... Application for facility installation permit.................................... 487

22.......... Form of application........................................................................ 487

23.......... Application to be accompanied by charge...................................... 487

24.......... Withdrawal of application.............................................................. 487

25.......... Issue of facility installation permit................................................. 487

26.......... Deemed refusal of facility installation permit................................ 488

27.......... Criteria for issue of facility installation permit.............................. 489

28.......... Special provisions relating to environmental matters..................... 495

29.......... Consultation with the ACCC......................................................... 496

30.......... Facility installation permit has effect subject to this Act.............. 496

31.......... Duration of facility installation permit........................................... 496

32.......... Conditions of facility installation permit....................................... 496

33.......... Surrender of facility installation permit.......................................... 497

34.......... Cancellation of facility installation permit..................................... 497

35.......... Review of decisions by Administrative Appeals Tribunal............ 497

Division 7—Exemptions from State and Territory laws                         499

36.......... Activities not generally exempt from State and Territory laws..... 499

37.......... Exemption from State and Territory laws...................................... 499

38.......... Concurrent operation of State and Territory laws......................... 500

39.......... Liability to taxation not affected.................................................... 500

Division 8—Miscellaneous                                                                                    501

41.......... Guidelines....................................................................................... 501

42.......... Compensation................................................................................. 501

43.......... Power extends to carrier’s employees etc...................................... 502

44.......... State and Territory laws that discriminate against carriers and users of carriage services       502

45.......... State and Territory laws may confer powers and immunities on carriers               504

46.......... ACMA may limit tort liability in relation to the supply of certain carriage services             504

47.......... Ownership of facilities................................................................... 505

48.......... ACMA may inform the public about designated overhead lines, telecommunications transmission towers and underground facilities...................................................................... 505

49.......... Review of options for placing facilities underground..................... 506

50.......... Monitoring of progress in relation to placing facilities underground 507

51.......... Removal of certain overhead lines.................................................. 507

52.......... Commonwealth laws not displaced................................................ 509

53.......... Subdivider to pay for necessary alterations................................... 509

54.......... Service of notices............................................................................ 510

55.......... Facilities installed before 1 January 2001 otherwise than in reliance on Commonwealth laws—environmental impact........................................................................................................ 511

Part 2—Transitional provisions                                                                                  514

60.......... Existing buildings, structures and facilities—application of State and Territory laws            514

61.......... Existing buildings, structures and facilities—application of the common law         514

Part 3—Compensation for acquisition of property                                           515

62.......... Compensation for acquisition of property..................................... 515

63.......... Application of this Part.................................................................. 516

Schedule 3A—Protection of submarine cables                                                   517

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                           517

1............ Simplified outline............................................................................ 517

2............ Definitions...................................................................................... 517

Part 2—Protection zones                                                                                                 521

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              521

3............ Simplified outline............................................................................ 521

Division 2—Declaration of protection zones                                                522

Subdivision A—Declarations                                                                                522

4............ ACMA may declare a protection zone.......................................... 522

5............ Declaration on ACMA’s initiative or in response to request........ 522

6............ Response to a request to declare a protection zone....................... 522

7............ Decision not to declare a requested protection zone or to declare a different protection zone               523

8............ Location of submarine cable to be specified in declaration............. 523

9............ Area of a protection zone............................................................... 524

10.......... Prohibited activities........................................................................ 525

11.......... Restricted activities........................................................................ 526

12.......... Conditions...................................................................................... 527

13.......... When a declaration takes effect...................................................... 527

14.......... Duration of declaration................................................................... 527

Subdivision B—Prerequisites to declaration of a protection zone                 528

15.......... ACMA to develop a proposal for a protection zone..................... 528

16.......... ACMA to refer proposal to advisory committee.......................... 528

17.......... ACMA to publish proposal........................................................... 528

18.......... Cable must be a submarine cable of national significance............... 529

19.......... Consultation with Environment Secretary..................................... 529

20.......... Matters the ACMA must have regard to....................................... 529

21.......... Environment and heritage considerations....................................... 530

22.......... Deadline for final decision about protection zone.......................... 531

Division 3—Varying or revoking a declaration of a protection zone 532

Subdivision A—Variation or revocation                                                             532

23.......... ACMA may vary or revoke a declaration of a protection zone..... 532

24.......... Variation or revocation on ACMA’s initiative or in response to request               532

25.......... ACMA to notify affected carrier of request to vary or revoke a declaration          532

26.......... Response to a request to vary or revoke a declaration................... 532

27.......... Decision not to vary or revoke a declaration after a request to do so 533

28.......... When a variation or revocation takes effect.................................... 533

29.......... Protection zone as varied must not exceed permitted area............. 534

Subdivision B—Prerequisites to variation or revocation of declaration       534

30.......... ACMA to develop a variation or revocation proposal.................. 534

31.......... ACMA to refer proposal to advisory committee.......................... 534

32.......... ACMA to publish proposal........................................................... 534

33.......... Consultation with Environment Secretary..................................... 535

34.......... Matters the ACMA must have regard to....................................... 535

35.......... Deadline for final decision about varying or revoking a protection zone 535

Division 4—Offences in relation to a protection zone                            536

Subdivision A—Damaging a submarine cable                                                   536

36.......... Damaging a submarine cable........................................................... 536

37.......... Negligently damaging a submarine cable......................................... 536

38.......... Defence to offences of damaging a submarine cable....................... 536

39.......... Master or owner of ship used in offence of damaging a submarine cable                537

Subdivision B—Engaging in prohibited or restricted activities                     537

40.......... Engaging in prohibited or restricted activities................................. 537

41.......... Aggravated offence of engaging in prohibited or restricted activities 538

42.......... Defences to offences of engaging in prohibited or restricted activities 538

43.......... Alternative verdict if aggravated offence not proven...................... 539

44.......... Master or owner of ship used in offence of engaging in prohibited or restricted activities     539

Division 5—Miscellaneous                                                                                    540

45.......... Person may claim damages............................................................. 540

46.......... Indemnity for loss of anchor etc..................................................... 540

47.......... ACMA to notify relevant authorities of declaration, variation etc. of protection zone          541

48.......... Notice if carrier decommissions a submarine cable......................... 541

49.......... Composition of advisory committee.............................................. 542

Part 3—Permits to install submarine cables                                                        543

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              543

50.......... Simplified outline............................................................................ 543

Division 2—Protection zone installation permits                                      544

51.......... Application for a permit to install a submarine cable in a protection zone             544

52.......... Form of application etc.................................................................. 544

53.......... Application to be accompanied by charge...................................... 544

54.......... Withdrawal of application.............................................................. 544

55.......... Further information........................................................................ 544

56.......... Grant or refusal of permit............................................................... 544

57.......... Automatic refusal........................................................................... 545

58.......... Refund of application charge if automatic refusal.......................... 546

59.......... Duration of permit.......................................................................... 546

60.......... Surrender of permit......................................................................... 546

61.......... Extension of permit........................................................................ 546

62.......... Suspension or cancellation of permit.............................................. 547

63.......... Exemption from State and Territory laws...................................... 547

Division 3—Non‑protection zone installation permits                            549

64.......... Application for a permit to install a submarine cable in Australian waters (otherwise than in a protection zone or coastal waters)................................................................................ 549

65.......... Form of application etc.................................................................. 549

66.......... Application to be accompanied by charge...................................... 549

67.......... Withdrawal of application.............................................................. 549

68.......... Further information........................................................................ 549

69.......... Grant or refusal of permit............................................................... 550

70.......... Consultation before the ACMA makes a decision about a permit. 550

71.......... Matters the ACMA must have regard to before it makes a decision about a permit              550

72.......... Environment and heritage considerations....................................... 551

73.......... Time limit on decision about a permit............................................ 552

74.......... Duration of permit.......................................................................... 552

75.......... Surrender of permit......................................................................... 553

76.......... Extension of permit........................................................................ 553

77.......... Suspension or cancellation of permit.............................................. 553

Division 4—Conditions applicable to the installation of submarine cables          554

78.......... Application of this Division........................................................... 554

79.......... Installation to do as little damage as practicable............................. 554

80.......... Management of installation activities............................................. 554

81.......... Compliance with industry standards.............................................. 554

82.......... Compliance with international agreements..................................... 555

83.......... Conditions specified in the regulations........................................... 555

Division 5—Offences in relation to installation of submarine cables 556

84.......... Installing a submarine cable without a permit................................ 556

85.......... Breaching conditions of a permit.................................................... 556

86.......... Failing to comply with ACMA direction to remove an unlawfully installed cable 557

Part 4—Compensation                                                                                                     558

87.......... Compensation................................................................................. 558

88.......... Compensation for acquisition of property..................................... 558

Part 5—Miscellaneous                                                                                                     560

89.......... Review of operation of this Schedule............................................. 560

Schedule 4—Reviewable decisions of the ACMA                                           561

Part 1—Decisions that may be subject to reconsideration by the ACMA 561

1............ Reviewable decisions of the ACMA.............................................. 561

Part 2—Decisions to which section 556 does not apply                                564

2............ Decisions to which section 556 does not apply............................. 564

Notes                                                                                                                                          565


An Act about telecommunications, and for related purposes

Part 1Introduction

  

1  Short title [see Note 1]

                   This Act may be cited as the Telecommunications Act 1997.

2  Commencement [see Note 1]

             (1)  The following provisions of this Act commence on the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent:

                     (a)  this Part;

                     (b)  Part 2;

                     (c)  Divisions 2, 3 and 4 of Part 4;

                     (d)  Division 3 of Part 25;

                      (f)  section 589;

                     (g)  section 594.

             (2)  Sections 52 to 55 (inclusive) commence on 5 June 1997.

             (3)  The remaining provisions of this Act commence on 1 July 1997.

3  Objects

             (1)  The main object of this Act, when read together with Parts XIB and XIC of the Trade Practices Act 1974, is to provide a regulatory framework that promotes:

                     (a)  the long‑term interests of end‑users of carriage services or of services provided by means of carriage services; and

                     (b)  the efficiency and international competitiveness of the Australian telecommunications industry.

             (2)  The other objects of this Act, when read together with Parts XIB and XIC of the Trade Practices Act 1974, are as follows:

                     (a)  to ensure that standard telephone services, payphones and other carriage services of social importance are:

                              (i)  reasonably accessible to all people in Australia on an equitable basis, wherever they reside or carry on business; and

                             (ii)  are supplied as efficiently and economically as practicable; and

                            (iii)  are supplied at performance standards that reasonably meet the social, industrial and commercial needs of the Australian community;

                     (b)  to provide a framework under which a carriage service that provides digital data capability comparable to an ISDN channel is to become available to all people in Australia:

                              (i)  by 1 January 2000; or

                             (ii)  by another date having regard to the findings of the review into the timing of the availability of that service;

                     (c)  to promote the supply of diverse and innovative carriage services and content services;

                     (d)  to promote the development of an Australian telecommunications industry that is efficient, competitive and responsive to the needs of the Australian community;

                     (e)  to promote the effective participation by all sectors of the Australian telecommunications industry in markets (whether in Australia or elsewhere);

                      (f)  to promote:

                              (i)  the development of the technical capabilities and skills of the Australian telecommunications industry; and

                             (ii)  the development of the value‑adding and export‑oriented activities of the Australian telecommunications industry; and

                            (iii)  research and development that contributes to the growth of the Australian telecommunications industry;

                     (g)  to promote the equitable distribution of benefits from improvements in the efficiency and effectiveness of:

                              (i)  the provision of telecommunications networks and facilities; and

                             (ii)  the supply of carriage services;

                     (h)  to provide appropriate community safeguards in relation to telecommunications activities and to regulate adequately participants in sections of the Australian telecommunications industry;

                      (i)  to promote the placement of lines underground, taking into account economic and technical issues, where placing such lines underground is supported by the affected community;

                      (j)  to promote responsible practices in relation to the sending of commercial electronic messages;

                     (k)  to promote responsible practices in relation to the making of telemarketing calls.

4  Regulatory policy

                   The Parliament intends that telecommunications be regulated in a manner that:

                     (a)  promotes the greatest practicable use of industry self‑regulation; and

                     (b)  does not impose undue financial and administrative burdens on participants in the Australian telecommunications industry;

but does not compromise the effectiveness of regulation in achieving the objects mentioned in section 3.

5  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Act:

•      This Act sets up a system for regulating telecommunications.

•      The main entities regulated by this Act are carriers and service providers.

•      A carrier is the holder of a carrier licence granted under this Act.

•      The owner of a network unit that is used to supply carriage services to the public must hold a carrier licence unless responsibility for the unit is transferred from the owner to a carrier.

•      There are 4 types of network unit:

               (a)     a single line link connecting distinct places in Australia, where the line link meets certain minimum distance requirements;

               (b)     multiple line links connecting distinct places in Australia, where the line links meet certain minimum distance requirements;

               (c)     a designated radiocommunications facility;

               (d)     a facility specified in a Ministerial determination.

•      Carrier licences are subject to conditions.

•      There are 2 types of service provider:

            (a)     a carriage service provider;

               (b)     a content service provider.

•      A carriage service provider is a person who supplies, or proposes to supply, certain carriage services.

•      A content service provider is a person who supplies, or proposes to supply, certain content services.

•      Service providers must comply with the service provider rules.

•      The Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) is to monitor, and report each year to the Minister on, significant matters relating to the performance of carriers and carriage service providers.

•      Bodies and associations that represent sections of the telecommunications industry, the e‑marketing industry or the telemarketing industry may develop industry codes.

•      Industry codes may be registered by the ACMA.

•      Compliance with an industry code is voluntary unless the ACMA directs a particular participant in the telecommunications industry, the e‑marketing industry or the telemarketing industry to comply with the code.

•      The ACMA has a reserve power to make an industry standard if there are no industry codes or if an industry code is deficient.

•      Compliance with industry standards is mandatory.

•      Carriers and carriage service providers must protect the confidentiality of communications.

•      The ACMA, carriers and carriage service providers must do their best to prevent telecommunications networks and facilities from being used to commit offences.

•      Carriers and carriage service providers must ensure that it is possible to execute a warrant issued under the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979.

•      Carriage service providers may be required to supply carriage services for defence purposes or for the management of natural disasters.

•      A carrier or carriage service provider may be required to enter into an agreement with the Commonwealth about:

               (a)     planning for network survivability; or

               (b)     operational requirements in times of crisis.

•      The ACMA must require certain carriers and carriage service providers to provide pre‑selection in favour of carriage service providers.

•      The Advanced Mobile Phone System is to be phased out by 1 January 2000.

•      Carriers and carriage service providers may be required to comply with certain international conventions.

•      The Minister may make Rules of Conduct about dealings with international telecommunications operators.

•      Provision is made for the technical regulation of customer equipment, customer cabling and cabling work.

•      The ACMA may regulate numbering by means of a numbering plan.

•      Provision is made for standard agreements for the supply of carriage services.

•      The ACMA and the ACCC may hold public inquiries about certain matters relating to telecommunications.

•      The ACMA may investigate certain matters relating to telecommunications.

•      Certain switching systems must be capable of providing calling line identification.

•      Provision is made for the following ancillary matters:

               (a)     information‑gathering powers;

               (b)     powers of search, entry and seizure;

               (c)     review of decisions;

               (d)     injunctions.

6  Main index

                   The following is a main index to this Act:

 

Main Index

 

 

Item

Topic

Provisions

1

AMPS (Advanced Mobile Phone System)

Part 19

2

Calling line identification

Part 18

3

Carriers’ powers and immunities

Part 24, Schedule 3

4

Carrier licence conditions

Part 3, Schedule 1

5

Carriers

Part 3

6

Communications, protection of

Part 13

8

Decisions, review of

Part 29, Schedule 4

9

Defence requirements and disaster plans

Part 16

10

Enforceable undertakings

Part 31A

11

Enforcement

Part 28

12

Industry codes and industry standards

Part 6

13

Information‑gathering powers

Part 27

14

Injunctions

Part 30

15

Inquiries, public

Part 25

16

International aspects

Part 20

17

Investigations

Part 26

19

Liability, vicarious

Part 32

21

National interest matters

Part 14

22

Network units

Part 2

23

Numbering and electronic addressing

Part 22

24

Penalties, civil

Part 31

25

Performance of carriers and carriage service providers, monitoring of

Part 5

26

Pre‑selection

Part 17

28

Service provider rules

Part 4, Schedule 2

29

Service providers

Part 4

30

Standard agreements for the supply of carriage services

Part 23

32

Technical regulation

Part 21

7  Definitions

                   In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:

ACCC means the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission.

ACCC official means a Commission official within the meaning of section 155AAA of the Trade Practices Act 1974.

ACCC’s telecommunications functions and powers means the functions and powers conferred on the ACCC by or under:

                     (a)  this Act; or

                     (b)  the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999; or

                     (c)  Part XIB of the Trade Practices Act 1974; or

                     (d)  Part XIC of the Trade Practices Act 1974; or

                     (e)  any other provision of the Trade Practices Act 1974, in so far as that provision applies to a matter connected with telecommunications.

For this purpose, telecommunications means the carriage of communications by means of guided and/or unguided electromagnetic energy.

access, in relation to an emergency call service, has a meaning affected by section 18.

ACMA means the Australian Communications and Media Authority.

ACMA official has the same meaning as in the Australian Communications and Media Authority Act 2005.

ACMA’s telecommunications functions means the functions that are telecommunications functions, in relation to the ACMA, for the purposes of the Australian Communications and Media Authority Act 2005.

ACMA’s telecommunications powers means the powers conferred on the ACMA by:

                     (a)  this Act; or

                     (b)  the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999; or

                    (ba)  Chapter 4 or 5 of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979; or

                     (c)  the Spam Act 2003; or

                    (ca)  the Do Not Call Register Act 2006; or

                     (d)  Part XIC of the Trade Practices Act 1974; or

                     (e)  section 12 of the Australian Communications and Media Authority Act 2005, in so far as that section relates to the ACMA’s telecommunications functions.

aircraft includes a balloon.

Australia, when used in a geographical sense, includes the eligible Territories.

Australian number has the same meaning as in the Do Not Call Register Act 2006.

authorised information officer has the meaning given by section 531B.

base station that is part of a terrestrial radiocommunications customer access network has the meaning given by section 34.

broadcasting service has the same meaning as in the Broadcasting Services Act 1992.

cabling licence means a licence granted under section 427.

carriage service means a service for carrying communications by means of guided and/or unguided electromagnetic energy.

carriage service intermediary means a person who is a carriage service provider under subsection 87(5).

carriage service provider has the meaning given by section 87.

carrier means the holder of a carrier licence.

carrier licence means a licence granted under section 56.

carry includes transmit, switch and receive.

civil penalty provision means:

                     (a)  subsection 68(1); or

                     (b)  subsection 68(2); or

                     (c)  subsection 101(1); or

                     (d)  subsection 101(2); or

                     (e)  subsection 121(2); or

                      (f)  subsection 121(3); or

                     (g)  subsection 128(1); or

                     (h)  subsection 128(2); or

                    (ha)  subsection 531K(1); or

                    (hb)  subsection 531K(3); or

                    (hc)  subsection 531P(3); or

                    (hd)  subsection 531P(4); or

                      (i)  subsection 139(1); or

                      (j)  subsection 139(2); or

                      (i)  subsection 295S(3); or

                     (k)  subsection 148(1) of the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999; or

                      (l)  subsection 148(3) of the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999; or

                    (m)  subsection 158B(1) of the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999; or

                     (n)  subsection 158B(4) of the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999; or

                     (o)  subsection 158C(1) of the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999; or

                     (q)  subsection 158E(1) of the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999.

commercial electronic message has the same meaning as in the Spam Act 2003.

communications includes any communication:

                     (a)  whether between persons and persons, things and things or persons and things; and

                     (b)  whether in the form of speech, music or other sounds; and

                     (c)  whether in the form of data; and

                     (d)  whether in the form of text; and

                     (e)  whether in the form of visual images (animated or otherwise); and

                      (f)  whether in the form of signals; and

                     (g)  whether in any other form; and

                     (h)  whether in any combination of forms.

Communications Access Co‑ordinator has the meaning given by section 6R of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979.

connected, in relation to:

                     (a)  a telecommunications network; or

                     (b)  a facility; or

                     (c)  customer cabling; or

                     (d)  customer equipment;

includes connection otherwise than by means of physical contact, for example, a connection by means of radiocommunication.

connection permit means a permit issued under section 394.

constitutional corporation means a corporation to which paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution applies.

content service has the meaning given by section 15.

content service provider has the meaning given by section 97.

controlled carriage service has the meaning given by section 14.

controlled facility has the meaning given by section 14.

controlled network has the meaning given by section 14.

customer cabling has the meaning given by section 20.

customer equipment has the meaning given by section 21.

data processing device means any article or material (for example, a disk) from which information is capable of being reproduced, with or without the aid of any other article or device.

defence purposes means any one or more of the following:

                     (a)  the operation of command or control systems;

                     (b)  the operation, direction or use of a defence organisation;

                     (c)  the operation of intelligence systems;

                     (d)  the collection or dissemination of information relevant to the security or defence of:

                              (i)  the Commonwealth; or

                             (ii)  a foreign country that is allied or associated with the Commonwealth;

                     (e)  the operation or control of weapons systems, including any thing that, by itself or together with any other thing or things, is intended for defensive or offensive use in combat;

                      (f)  any other matter specified in the regulations.

designated information has the meaning given by section 531C.

designated radiocommunications facility has the meaning given by section 31.

designated request for proposal notice has the meaning given by section 531D.

digital data service provider has the same meaning as in the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999.

directory assistance services means services that are:

                     (a)  provided to an end‑user of a standard telephone service to help the end‑user find the number of another end‑user of a standard telephone service; and

                     (b)  provided by an operator or by means of:

                              (i)  an automated voice response system; or

                             (ii)  another technology‑based system.

distinct places has the meaning given by section 36.

eligible partnership means a partnership where each partner is a constitutional corporation.

eligible Territory means:

                     (a)  the Territory of Christmas Island; or

                     (b)  the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands; or

                     (c)  an external Territory prescribed for the purposes of section 10.

e‑marketing industry means an industry that involves carrying on an e‑marketing activity.

emergency call contractor means a person who performs services for or on behalf of a recognised person who operates an emergency call service, but does not include a person who performs such services in the capacity of an employee of the person who operates the emergency call service.

Note:          Recognised person who operates an emergency call service is defined by section 19.

emergency call person means:

                     (a)  a recognised person who operates an emergency call service; or

                     (b)  an employee of such a person; or

                     (c)  an emergency call contractor; or

                     (d)  an employee of an emergency call contractor.

Note:          Recognised person who operates an emergency call service is defined by section 19.

emergency call service means a service for:

                     (a)  receiving and handling calls to an emergency service number; and

                     (b)  transferring such calls to:

                              (i)  a police force or service; or

                             (ii)  a fire service; or

                            (iii)  an ambulance service; or

                            (iv)  a service specified in the numbering plan for the purposes of this subparagraph; or

                             (v)  a service for despatching a force or service referred to in subparagraph (i), (ii), (iii) or (iv).

For the purposes of paragraph (b), transferring a call includes giving information in relation to the call for purposes connected with dealing with the matter or matters raised by the call.

emergency service number has the meaning given by section 466.

entrusted company officer has the meaning given by section 531B.

entrusted public official has the meaning given by section 531B.

exempt network‑user means:

                     (a)  a person:

                              (i)  who is entitled to use a network unit to supply a carriage service; and

                             (ii)  whose entitlement derives, directly or indirectly, from rights granted to a carrier; or

                     (b)  if:

                              (i)  a police force or service; or

                             (ii)  a fire service; or

                            (iii)  an ambulance service; or

                            (iv)  an emergency service specified in the regulations;

                            (the first force or service) uses a network unit for the sole or principal purpose of enabling either or both of the following:

                             (v)  communication between the members of the first force or service;

                            (vi)  communication between the members of the first force or service and the members of another force or service, where the other force or service is of a kind covered by subparagraph (i), (ii), (iii) or (iv);

                            the first force or service.

For the purposes of paragraph (b), an employee of a force or service is taken to be a member of the force or service.

facility means:

                     (a)  any part of the infrastructure of a telecommunications network; or

                     (b)  any line, equipment, apparatus, tower, mast, antenna, tunnel, duct, hole, pit, pole or other structure or thing used, or for use, in or in connection with a telecommunications network.

Federal Court means the Federal Court of Australia.

fixed radiocommunications link has the meaning given by section 35.

immediate circle has the meaning given by section 23.

import means import into Australia.

inspector has the meaning given by section 533.

integrated public number database scheme means the scheme in force under section 295A.

intercell hand‑over functions has the meaning given by section 33.

Internet service provider has the same meaning as in Schedule 5 to the Broadcasting Services Act 1992.

levy means levy imposed by the Telecommunications (Universal Service Levy) Act 1997.

line means a wire, cable, optical fibre, tube, conduit, waveguide or other physical medium used, or for use, as a continuous artificial guide for or in connection with carrying communications by means of guided electromagnetic energy.

line link has the meaning given by section 30.

listed carriage service has the meaning given by section 16.

member means a member of the ACMA (and does not include an associate member).

network unit has the meaning given by Division 2 of Part 2.

nominated carrier means a carrier in respect of whom a nominated carrier declaration is in force.

nominated carrier declaration means a declaration under section 81.

numbering plan has the meaning given by section 455.

owner, in relation to a network unit, means a person who legally owns the unit (whether alone or together with one or more other persons).

person includes a partnership.

point‑to‑multipoint service means a carriage service which allows a person to transmit a communication to more than one end‑user simultaneously.

protected carrier information has the meaning given by section 531B.

public body means:

                     (a)  the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory; or

                     (b)  an authority, or institution, of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory; or

                     (c)  an incorporated company all the stock or shares in the capital of which is beneficially owned by one of the following:

                              (i)  the Commonwealth;

                             (ii)  a State;

                            (iii)  a Territory; or

                     (d)  an incorporated company limited by guarantee, where the interests and rights of the members in or in relation to the company are beneficially owned by one of the following:

                              (i)  the Commonwealth;

                             (ii)  a State;

                            (iii)  a Territory.

public mobile telecommunications service has the meaning given by section 32.

radiocommunication has the same meaning as in the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

radiocommunications receiver has the same meaning as in the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

radiocommunications transmitter has the same meaning as in the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

recognised person who operates an emergency call service has the meaning given by section 19.

recognised testing authority has the meaning given by section 409.

record‑keeping rule means a rule under section 529.

restricted recipients rules means rules made under section 531N.

satellite‑based facility means a radiocommunications transmitter, or a radiocommunications receiver, in a satellite.

service provider has the meaning given by section 86.

service provider rules has the meaning given by section 98.

standard questionnaire‑based research means research that involves people being asked to answer one or more standard questions, but does not include:

                     (a)  opinion polling; or

                     (b)  research of a kind specified in the regulations.

standard telephone service has the meaning given by section 6 of the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999.

telecommunications industry includes an industry that involves:

                     (a)  carrying on business as a carrier; or

                     (b)  carrying on business as a carriage service provider; or

                     (c)  supplying goods or services for use in connection with the supply of a listed carriage service; or

                     (d)  supplying a content service using a listed carriage service; or

                     (e)  manufacturing or importing customer equipment or customer cabling; or

                      (f)  installing, maintaining, operating or providing access to:

                              (i)  a telecommunications network; or

                             (ii)  a facility;

                            used to supply a listed carriage service.

Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman has the same meaning as in the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999.

Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman scheme has the same meaning as in the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999.

telecommunications network means a system, or series of systems, that carries, or is capable of carrying, communications by means of guided and/or unguided electromagnetic energy.

telemarketing call means:

                     (a)  a telemarketing call (within the meaning of the Do Not Call Register Act 2006) that is made to an Australian number; or

                     (b)  a voice call (within the meaning of the Do Not Call Register Act 2006) that is made to an Australian number, where, having regard to:

                              (i)  the content of the call; and

                             (ii)  the presentational aspects of the call;

                            it would be concluded that the purpose, or one of the purposes, of the call is:

                            (iii)  to conduct opinion polling; or

                            (iv)  to carry out standard questionnaire‑based research.

telemarketing industry means an industry that involves carrying on a telemarketing activity (as defined by section 109B).

Telstra has the same meaning as in the Telstra Corporation Act 1991.

this Act includes the regulations.

universal service obligation has the same meaning as in the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999.

universal service provider has the same meaning as in the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999.

vessel means a vessel or boat of any description, and includes:

                     (a)  an air‑cushion vehicle; and

                     (b)  any floating structure.

8  Crown to be bound

             (1)  This Act binds the Crown in right of the Commonwealth, of each of the States, of the Australian Capital Territory, of the Northern Territory and of Norfolk Island.

             (2)  This Act does not make the Crown liable to a pecuniary penalty or to be prosecuted for an offence.

             (3)  The protection in subsection (2) does not apply to an authority of the Crown.

9  Extra‑territorial application

                   This Act applies both within and outside Australia.

10  Extension to external Territories

                   This Act extends to:

                     (a)  the Territory of Christmas Island; and

                     (b)  the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands; and

                     (c)  such other external Territories (if any) as are prescribed.

11  Extension to offshore areas

             (1)  This Act applies in relation to the offshore areas of:

                     (a)  each of the States; and

                     (b)  each of the eligible Territories;

as if references in this Act to Australia included references to those offshore areas. This subsection has effect subject to subsection (2).

             (2)  The application of this Act in accordance with subsection (1) in relation to an offshore area extends only in relation to acts, matters and things touching, concerning, arising out of or connected with:

                     (a)  the exploration of the continental shelf of Australia; or

                     (b)  the exploitation of the resources of the continental shelf of Australia.

             (3)  The application of this Act in accordance with subsection (1) in relation to an offshore area extends in relation to all acts done by or in relation to, and all matters, circumstances and things affecting, any person who is in the offshore area for a reason touching, concerning, arising out of or connected with:

                     (a)  the exploration of the continental shelf of Australia; or

                     (b)  the exploitation of the resources of the continental shelf of Australia.

             (4)  Subsection (3) does not, by implication, limit subsection (2).

             (5)  In this section:

continental shelf has the same meaning as in the Seas and Submerged Lands Act 1973.

offshore area, in relation to a State or Territory, has the same meaning as in the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006.

11A  Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code (except Part 2.5) applies to all offences against this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

12  Act subject to Radiocommunications Act

             (1)  This Act has effect subject to the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

             (2)  However, to avoid doubt, the fact that a person is authorised to do something under a licence under the Radiocommunications Act 1992 does not entitle the person to do that thing if the person is prohibited by or under this Act from doing it, unless a condition of the licence requires the person to do it.

13  Continuity of partnerships

                   For the purposes of this Act, a change in the composition of a partnership does not affect the continuity of the partnership.

14  Controlled carriage services, controlled networks and controlled facilities

Controlled carriage services

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  a carrier or carriage service provider supplies, or proposes to supply, a carriage service; and

                     (b)  the carriage service involves, or will involve, the use of a controlled network, or a controlled facility, of the carrier or of the provider, as the case may be;

the carriage service is a controlled carriage service of the carrier or the provider, as the case may be.

Controlled networks

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  a carrier or carriage service provider operates a telecommunications network; and

                     (b)  the network satisfies the geographical test set out in subsection (4);

the network is a controlled network of the carrier or the provider, as the case may be.

Controlled facilities

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  a carrier or carriage service provider operates a facility; and

                     (b)  the facility satisfies the geographical test set out in subsection (4);

the facility is a controlled facility of the carrier or provider, as the case may be.

Geographical test

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, a telecommunications network, or a facility, satisfies the geographical test if:

                     (a)  the whole or any part of the network or facility, as the case requires, is, or will be, located in Australia; or

                     (b)  all of the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  a person, or a group of persons, operates the network or the facility, as the case requires;

                             (ii)  the person, or at least one of the members of the group, carries on, or will carry on, a telecommunications‑related business wholly or partly in Australia;

                            (iii)  the network, or the facility, as the case requires, is used, or will be used, to supply a listed carriage service, or a service that is ancillary or incidental to such a service.

Definition

             (5)  In this section:

telecommunications‑related business means a business that consists of, or includes:

                     (a)  supplying a carriage service; or

                     (b)  supplying goods or services for use in connection with the supply of a carriage service; or

                     (c)  supplying a content service; or

                     (d)  installing, maintaining, operating or providing access to:

                              (i)  a telecommunications network; or

                             (ii)  a facility.

15  Content service

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a content service is:

                     (a)  a broadcasting service; or

                     (b)  an on‑line information service (for example, a dial‑up information service); or

                     (c)  an on‑line entertainment service (for example, a video‑on‑demand service or an interactive computer game service); or

                     (d)  any other on‑line service (for example, an education service provided by a State or Territory government); or

                     (e)  a service of a kind specified in a determination made by the Minister for the purposes of this paragraph.

             (2)  The Minister may make a written determination for the purposes of paragraph (1)(e).

             (3)  A determination made for the purposes of paragraph (1)(e) is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

16  Listed carriage services

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, the following carriage services are listed carriage services:

                     (a)  a carriage service between a point in Australia and one or more other points in Australia;

                     (b)  a carriage service between a point and one or more other points, where the first‑mentioned point is in Australia and at least one of the other points is outside Australia;

                     (c)  a carriage service between a point and one or more other points, where the first‑mentioned point is outside Australia and at least one of the other points is in Australia.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, a point includes a mobile or potentially mobile point, whether on land, underground, in the atmosphere, in outer space, underwater, at sea or anywhere else.

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, a point that is:

                     (a)  in the atmosphere; and

                     (b)  in or below the stratosphere; and

                     (c)  above Australia;

is taken to be a point in Australia.

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, a point that is:

                     (a)  on a satellite; and

                     (b)  above the stratosphere;

is taken to be a point outside Australia.

18  Access to an emergency call service

                   For the purposes of this Act, a person is taken not to have access to an emergency call service unless, in the event that the person attempts to place a call to the relevant emergency service number, the call can be established and maintained.

19  Recognised person who operates an emergency call service

             (1)  A reference in this Act to a recognised person who operates an emergency call service is a reference to a person who:

                     (a)  operates an emergency call service; and

                     (b)  is specified, in a written determination made by the ACMA for the purposes of this paragraph, as:

                              (i)  a national operator of emergency call services; or

                             (ii)  a regional operator of emergency call services.

             (2)  A copy of a determination under paragraph (1)(b) is to be published in the Gazette.

20  Customer cabling

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, customer cabling means a line that, under the regulations, is treated as customer cabling.

             (2)  Regulations made for the purposes of subsection (1) may deal with a matter by reference to the boundary of a telecommunications network.

Note:          Boundary of a telecommunications network is defined by section 22.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not, by implication, limit subsection (1).

             (4)  If no regulations are in force for the purposes of subsection (1), then, for the purposes of this Act, customer cabling means a line that is used, installed ready for use or intended for use on the customer side of the boundary of a telecommunications network.

Note:          Boundary of a telecommunications network is defined by section 22.

21  Customer equipment

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, customer equipment means:

                     (a)  any equipment, apparatus, tower, mast, antenna or other structure or thing; or

                     (b)  any system (whether software‑based or otherwise);

that:

                     (c)  is used, installed ready for use or intended for use in connection with a carriage service; and

                     (d)  under the regulations, is treated as customer equipment;

but does not include a line.

             (2)  Regulations made for the purposes of subsection (1) may deal with a matter by reference to the boundary of a telecommunications network.

Note:          Boundary of a telecommunications network is defined by section 22.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not, by implication, limit subsection (1).

             (4)  If no regulations are in force for the purposes of subsection (1), then, for the purposes of this Act, customer equipment means:

                     (a)  any equipment, apparatus, tower, mast, antenna or other structure or thing that is used, installed ready for use or intended for use on the customer side of the boundary of a telecommunications network; or

                     (b)  any system (whether software‑based or otherwise) that is used, installed ready for use or intended for use on the customer side of the boundary of a telecommunications network;

but does not include:

                     (c)  a line; or

                     (d)  equipment of a kind specified in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph; or

                     (e)  an apparatus, tower, mast, antenna or other structure or thing that is of a kind specified in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph; or

                      (f)  a system (whether software‑based or otherwise) that is of a kind specified in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Note :         Boundary of a telecommunications network is defined by section 22.

22  Customer cabling and customer equipment—boundary of a telecommunications network

             (1)  For the purposes of sections 20, 21 and 30, the boundary of a telecommunications network is to be ascertained in accordance with the regulations.

             (2)  Regulations made for the purposes of subsection (1) may deal with a matter by reference to any or all of the following:

                     (a)  the terms of an agreement between 2 or more carriers, where the agreement is entered into for the purposes of those regulations;

                     (b)  the terms of an agreement between 2 or more carriage service providers, where the agreement is entered into for the purposes of those regulations;

                     (c)  the terms of an agreement between a carrier and a carriage service provider, where the agreement is entered into for the purposes of those regulations;

                     (d)  the terms of an agreement between a carrier and a customer of the carrier, where the agreement is entered into for the purposes of those regulations;

                     (e)  the terms of an agreement between a carriage service provider and a customer of the provider, where the agreement is entered into for the purposes of those regulations.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not, by implication, limit subsection (1).

             (4)  If no regulations are in force for the purposes of subsection (1), then, for the purposes of sections 20, 21 and 30, the boundary of a telecommunications network is:

                     (a)  in a case where a telecommunications network is used to supply a carriage service to an end‑user in a building by means of a line that enters the building—the point agreed between the customer and the carrier or carriage service provider who operates the telecommunications network, or, failing agreement:

                              (i)  if there is a main distribution frame in the building and the line is connected to the frame—the side of the frame nearest to the end‑user; or

                             (ii)  if subparagraph (i) does not apply but the line is connected to a network termination device located in, on or within close proximity to, the building—the side of the device nearest to the end‑user; or

                            (iii)  if neither subparagraph (i) nor (ii) applies but the line is connected to one or more sockets in the building—the side nearest to the end‑user of the first socket after the building entry point; or

                     (b)  in a case where a telecommunications network is used to supply a carriage service to an end‑user by means of a satellite‑based facility that transmits to, or receives transmissions from, the point where the end user is located—the outer surface of the satellite‑based facility; or

                     (c)  in a case where:

                              (i)  a telecommunications network is used to supply a carriage service to an end‑user; and

                             (ii)  paragraphs (a) and (b) do not apply;

                            the outer surface of the fixed facility nearest to the end‑user, where the facility is used, installed ready for use or intended for use to supply the carriage service.

             (5)  If, immediately before 1 July 1997, the boundary of a telecommunications network used to supply a standard telephone service to an end‑user in a building by means of a line that enters the building is the side of a main distribution frame, or a telephone socket, nearest to the end‑user, paragraph (4)(a) has effect, on and after 1 July 1997, as if the customer and the carrier or carriage service provider who operates the network had agreed to the boundary at that point.

             (6)  Subsection (5) does not prevent the customer and the carrier or carriage service provider agreeing to a boundary at a different point.

             (7)  For the purposes of subsection (4), the building entry point is the point at which a line that is used to provide a carriage service to an end‑user in a building meets the outer surface of that building, immediately before entering the building.

             (8)  In this section:

building includes a structure, a caravan and a mobile home.

23  Immediate circle

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a person’s immediate circle consists of the person, together with the following persons:

                     (a)  if the person is an individual—an employee of the individual;

                     (b)  if the person is a partnership—an employee of the partnership;

                     (c)  if the person is a body corporate:

                              (i)  an officer of the body corporate;

                             (ii)  if another body corporate is related to the first‑mentioned body corporate (within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001)—that other body corporate and an officer of that other body corporate;

                     (d)  if the person is the Commonwealth:

                              (i)  an authority or institution of the Commonwealth (other than an authority or institution that carries on a business as a core function) and a constituent member or an employee of such an authority or institution;

                             (ii)  an officer or employee of the Commonwealth;

                            (iii)  a member of the Australian Defence Force;

                            (iv)  a member of the Australian Federal Police;

                             (v)  a member of the Parliament and a member of the staff of a member of the Parliament;

                            (vi)  a person who holds or performs the duties of an office under the Constitution or a law of the Commonwealth;

                     (e)  if the person is a State:

                              (i)  an authority or institution of the State (other than an authority or institution that carries on a business as a core function) and a constituent member or an employee of such an authority or institution;

                             (ii)  an officer or employee of the State;

                            (iii)  a member of the police force of the State;

                            (iv)  a member of the Parliament of the State and a member of the staff of a member of the Parliament of the State;

                             (v)  a person who holds or performs the duties of an office under a law of the State;

                      (f)  if the person is a Territory:

                              (i)  an authority or institution of the Territory (other than an authority or institution that carries on a business as a core function) and a constituent member or an employee of such an authority or institution;

                             (ii)  an officer or employee of the Territory;

                            (iii)  a member of the police force of the Territory;

                            (iv)  a member of the Legislative Assembly of the Territory and a member of the staff of a member of the Legislative Assembly of the Territory;

                             (v)  a person who holds or performs the duties of an office under a law of the Territory;

                     (g)  if the person is an authority or institution of the Commonwealth (other than an authority or institution that carries on a business as a core function):

                              (i)  a constituent member or an employee of the authority or institution;

                             (ii)  the Commonwealth;

                            (iii)  an officer or employee of the Commonwealth;

                            (iv)  a member of the Australian Defence Force;

                             (v)  a member of the Australian Federal Police;

                            (vi)  a member of the Parliament and a member of the staff of a member of the Parliament;

                           (vii)  a person who holds or performs the duties of an office under the Constitution or a law of the Commonwealth;

                           (viii)  another authority or institution of the Commonwealth (other than an authority or institution that carries on a business as a core function) and a constituent member or an employee of the other authority or institution;

                     (h)  if the person is an authority or institution of the Commonwealth, being an authority or institution that carries on a business as a core function—a constituent member or an employee of the authority or institution;

                      (i)  if the person is an authority or institution of a State (other than an authority or institution that carries on a business as a core function):

                              (i)  a constituent member or an employee of the authority or institution;

                             (ii)  the State;

                            (iii)  an officer or employee of the State;

                            (iv)  a member of the police force of the State;

                             (v)  a member of the Parliament of the State and a member of the staff of a member of the Parliament of the State;

                            (vi)  a person who holds or performs the duties of an office under a law of the State;

                           (vii)  another authority or institution of the State (other than an authority or institution that carries on a business as a core function) and a constituent member or an employee of the other authority or institution;

                      (j)  if the person is an authority or institution of a State, being an authority or institution that carries on a business as a core function—a constituent member or an employee of the authority or institution;

                     (k)  if the person is an authority or institution of a Territory (other than an authority or institution that carries on a business as a core function):

                              (i)  a constituent member or an employee of the authority or institution;

                             (ii)  the Territory;

                            (iii)  an officer or employee of the Territory;

                            (iv)  a member of the police force of the Territory;

                             (v)  a member of the Legislative Assembly of the Territory and a member of the staff of a member of the Legislative Assembly of the Territory;

                            (vi)  a person who holds or performs the duties of an office under a law of the Territory;

                           (vii)  another authority or institution of the Territory (other than an authority or institution that carries on a business as a core function) and a constituent member or an employee of the other authority or institution;

                      (l)  if the person is an authority or institution of a Territory, being an authority or institution that carries on a business as a core function—a constituent member or employee of the authority or institution;

                    (m)  if the person is a tertiary education institution:

                              (i)  a member of the governing body of the tertiary education institution;

                             (ii)  an officer or employee of the tertiary education institution;

                            (iii)  a student of the tertiary education institution;

                     (n)  a person specified in a determination under subsection (2).

             (2)  The Minister may make a written determination specifying persons for the purposes of paragraph (1)(n).

             (3)  A determination under subsection (2) may be unconditional or subject to such conditions (if any) as are specified in the determination.

             (4)  Paragraphs (1)(a) to (m) (inclusive) do not, by implication, limit subsections (2) and (3).

             (5)  The Minister may make a written determination providing that a specified authority or specified institution is taken to carry on a business as a core function for the purposes of subsection (1).

             (6)  The Minister may make a written determination providing that a specified authority or specified institution is taken not to carry on a business as a core function for the purposes of subsection (1).

             (7)  A determination under subsection (2), (5) or (6) has effect accordingly.

             (8)  A determination under subsection (2), (5) or (6) is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (9)  For the purposes of this section, a person who holds or performs the duties of the office of Administrator of the Northern Territory is taken to be an officer of that Territory.

           (10)  For the purposes of this section, the Australian Federal Police is taken to be the police force of the Australian Capital Territory.

           (11)  In this section:

core function, in relation to an authority or institution, means a function of the authority or institution other than a secondary or incidental function.

director includes a constituent member of a body corporate incorporated for a public purpose by a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory.

executive officer, in relation to a body corporate, means a person, by whatever name called and whether or not a director of the body, who is concerned in, or takes part in, the management of the body.

officer, in relation to a body corporate, includes a director, secretary, executive officer or employee of the body.

tertiary education institution means:

                     (a)  a higher education institution (within the meaning of the Student Assistance Act 1973); or

                     (b)  a technical and further education institution (within the meaning of that Act).

24  Extended meaning of use

                   Unless the contrary intention appears, a reference in this Act to the use of a thing is a reference to the use of the thing either:

                     (a)  in isolation; or

                     (b)  in conjunction with one or more other things.


 

Part 2Network units

Division 1Simplified outline

25  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      The object of this Part is to define the expression network unit.

•      There are 4 types of network unit:

               (a)     a single line link connecting distinct places in Australia, where the line link meets certain minimum distance requirements;

               (b)     multiple line links connecting distinct places in Australia, where the line links meet certain minimum distance requirements;

               (c)     a designated radiocommunications facility;

               (d)     a facility specified in a Ministerial determination.


 

Division 2Basic definition

26  Single line links connecting distinct places in Australia

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a line link connects distinct places in Australia; and

                     (b)  the distinct places are at least the statutory distance apart;

the line link is a network unit.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, the statutory distance is:

                     (a)  500 metres; or

                     (b)  if a longer distance, not exceeding 50 kilometres, is specified in the regulations—that longer distance.

27  Multiple line links connecting distinct places in Australia

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the same person owns, or the same persons own, 2 or more line links; and

                     (b)  each of those line links connects distinct places in Australia; and

                     (c)  the aggregate of the distances between the distinct places is more than the statutory distance;

each of those line links is a network unit.

Note:          Statutory distance is defined by subsection (3).

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the following conditions are satisfied in relation to 2 or more line links:

                              (i)  the owners of the line links are bodies corporate;

                             (ii)  the owners of the line links are all members of the same related company group; and

                     (b)  each of those line links connects distinct places in Australia; and

                     (c)  the aggregate of the distances between the distinct places is more than the statutory distance;

each of those line links is a network unit.

Note:          Statutory distance is defined by subsection (3).

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, the statutory distance is:

                     (a)  5 kilometres; or

                     (b)  if a longer distance, not exceeding 500 kilometres, is specified in the regulations—that longer distance.

             (4)  In this section:

owner means legal or beneficial owner, and own has a corresponding meaning.

related company group means a group of 2 or more bodies corporate, where each member of the group is related to each other member of the group.

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, the question whether a body corporate is related to another body corporate is to be determined in the same manner as that question is determined under the Corporations Act 2001.

28  Designated radiocommunications facility

             (1)  If a designated radiocommunications facility is used, or is for use, to supply a carriage service between a point in Australia and one or more other points in Australia, the facility is a network unit.

             (2)  It does not matter whether the supply involves:

                     (a)  the use of a satellite; or

                     (b)  the use of a line or other facility outside Australia.

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, a point includes a mobile or potentially mobile point, whether on land, underground, in the atmosphere, in outer space, underwater, at sea or anywhere else.

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, a point that is:

                     (a)  in the atmosphere; and

                     (b)  in or below the stratosphere; and

                     (c)  above Australia;

is taken to be a point in Australia.

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, a point that is:

                     (a)  on a satellite; and

                     (b)  above the stratosphere;

is taken to be a point outside Australia.

29  Facilities specified in Ministerial determination

             (1)  The Minister may, by written instrument, determine that a specified facility is a network unit for the purposes of this Act.

             (2)  The determination has effect accordingly.

             (3)  An instrument under this section is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (4)  To avoid doubt, nothing in the other provisions of this Part limits the power conferred by subsection (1).


 

Division 3Related definitions

30  Line links

             (1)  A line constitutes a line link.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a line is connected to another line; and

                     (b)  the other line constitutes, or forms part of, a line link;

the first‑mentioned line, and the line link referred to in paragraph (b), together constitute a line link.

             (3)  Subsection (2) is recursive, that is, the reference in paragraph (2)(b) to a line link is a reference to something that is a line link because of any other application or applications of this section.

             (4)  For the purposes of subsection (2), a line is connected to another line if, and only if:

                     (a)  the lines are connected to each other; or

                     (b)  each of the lines is connected to the same facility (other than a line);

in such a way that a communication can be carried, by means of the 2 lines, or by means of facilities including the 2 lines, in the same way as if the 2 lines were a single line.

          (4A)  A line does not form part of any line link to the extent that the line is on the customer side of the boundary of a telecommunications network.

Note:          Boundary of a telecommunications network is defined by section 22.

             (5)  A facility other than a line does not form part of any line link.

31  Designated radiocommunications facility

             (1)  A reference in this Act to a designated radiocommunications facility is a reference to:

                     (a)  a base station used, or for use, to supply a public mobile telecommunications service; or

                     (b)  a base station that is part of a terrestrial radiocommunications customer access network; or

                     (c)  a fixed radiocommunications link; or

                     (d)  a satellite‑based facility; or

                     (e)  a radiocommunications transmitter of a kind specified in a determination under subsection (2); or

                      (f)  a radiocommunications receiver of a kind specified in a determination under subsection (3);

but does not include a reference to:

                     (g)  a base station of a kind declared under subsection (5) to be exempt from this section; or

                     (h)  a fixed radiocommunications link of a kind declared under subsection (5) to be exempt from this section; or

                      (i)  a satellite‑based facility of a kind declared under subsection (5) to be exempt from this section.

Note 1:       Public mobile telecommunications service is defined by section 32.

Note 2:       Base station that is part of a terrestrial radiocommunications customer access network is defined by section 34.

Note 3:       Fixed radiocommunications link is defined by section 35.

Note 4:       Satellite‑based facility is defined by section 7.

             (2)  The Minister may make a written determination for the purposes of paragraph (1)(e).

             (3)  The Minister may make a written determination for the purposes of paragraph (1)(f).

             (4)  A determination under subsection (2) or (3) is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (5)  The Minister may make a written declaration for the purposes of paragraph (1)(g), (h) or (i).

             (6)  A declaration under subsection (5) is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (7)  To avoid doubt, nothing in the other provisions of this Part limits a power conferred by subsection (2), (3) or (5).

32  Public mobile telecommunications service

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  an end‑user can use a carriage service while moving continuously between places; and

                     (b)  the customer equipment used for or in relation to the supply of the service is not in physical contact with any part of the telecommunications network by means of which the service is supplied; and

                     (c)  the service is supplied by use of a telecommunications network that has intercell hand‑over functions; and

                     (d)  the service is not an exempt service (as defined by subsection (2), (3) or (4));

the service is a public mobile telecommunications service.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, a carriage service is an exempt service if:

                     (a)  the service is supplied by means of a telecommunications network (a primary network) that is connected to one or more line links or other facilities that, apart from this section, are eligible network units; and

                     (b)  the principal function of the primary network is to supply carriage services between customer equipment connected to the primary network and other such equipment; and

                     (c)  the supply of carriage services between such equipment and equipment connected to the network units is, at most, an ancillary function of the primary network; and

                     (d)  despite the connection or connections referred to in paragraph (a), the primary network cannot be used in carrying a communication, as a single transaction, between equipment connected to the network units and other such equipment.

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, a carriage service is an exempt service if the service is:

                     (a)  a one‑way only, store‑and‑forward communications service; or

                     (b)  a service that performs the same functions as such a service.

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, a carriage service is an exempt service if all of the end‑users of the service are located at the same distinct place.

             (5)  In this section:

eligible network unit means a network unit:

                     (a)  that is owned by one or more carriers; or

                     (b)  in relation to which a nominated carrier declaration is in force.

33  Intercell hand‑over functions

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a telecommunications network is taken to have intercell hand‑over functions if, and only if:

                     (a)  the facilities of the network include at least 2 base stations each of which transmits and receives signals to and from customer equipment (mobile equipment) that is:

                              (i)  used for or in relation to the supply of an eligible mobile telecommunications service; and

                             (ii)  located within a particular area (a cell); and

                     (b)  the network includes the functions necessary to do the following while the network is carrying a communication made to or from particular mobile equipment:

                              (i)  determine in which cell the equipment is located and cause the base station in that cell to transmit and receive signals to and from the equipment;

                             (ii)  when the equipment moves from one cell to another, cause the base station in the one cell to stop, and the base station in the other cell to start, transmitting and receiving signals to and from the equipment.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, a carriage service is an eligible mobile telecommunications service if:

                     (a)  an end‑user can use it while moving continuously between places; and

                     (b)  customer equipment used for or in relation to the supply of the service is not in physical contact with any part of the telecommunications network by means of which the service is supplied.

34  When a base station is part of a terrestrial radiocommunications customer access network

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a base station is part of a terrestrial radiocommunications customer access network if, and only if:

                     (a)  the base station is part of a telecommunications network; and

                     (b)  the base station is not an exempt base station (as defined by subsection (2)); and

                     (c)  the base station is used, or for use, in connection with the supply of a carriage service; and

                     (d)  customer equipment used for or in relation to the supply of the service is not in physical contact with any part of the telecommunications network by means of which the service is supplied; and

                     (e)  the service is wholly or principally used, or wholly or principally for use, by each end‑user:

                              (i)  at premises occupied or used by the end‑user; or

                             (ii)  in the immediate vicinity of those premises; and

                      (f)  the network does not have intercell hand‑over functions; and

                     (g)  the conditions (if any) specified in the regulations are satisfied; and

                     (h)  the network is not an exempt network (as defined by subsection (3)).

             (2)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(b), a base station is an exempt base station if the sole use of the base station is use by a broadcaster to:

                     (a)  supply broadcasting services to the public; or

                     (b)  supply a secondary carriage service by means of the main carrier signal of a primary broadcasting service;

or both.

             (3)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(h), a network is an exempt network if:

                     (a)  the network is used, or for use, for the sole purpose of supplying carriage services on a non‑commercial basis; or

                     (b)  the network is of a kind specified in the regulations.

             (4)  In this section:

broadcaster means:

                     (a)  the Australian Broadcasting Corporation; or

                     (b)  the Special Broadcasting Service Corporation; or

                     (c)  the holder of a licence under the Broadcasting Services Act 1992; or

                     (d)  a person who provides a broadcasting service under a class licence under the Broadcasting Services Act 1992.

35  Fixed radiocommunications link

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a fixed radiocommunications link is a facility, or a combination of facilities, where:

                     (a)  the facility or combination is used, or for use, in connection with the supply of a carriage service between 2 or more fixed points by means of radiocommunication; and

                     (b)  some or all of the communications carried by means of the facility or combination have the characteristic of double‑ended interconnection (as defined by subsection (3)); and

                     (c)  the facility or combination does not consist of:

                              (i)  one or more base stations that are part of a terrestrial radiocommunications customer access network; or

                             (ii)  one or more base stations that would be part of such a network if paragraph 34(1)(h) had not been enacted.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, a fixed point is a fixed point on:

                     (a)  land; or

                     (b)  a building or structure on land.

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, if:

                     (a)  a communication is carried over a line link or other facility that, apart from this section, is an eligible network unit; and

                     (b)  the communication is then carried (immediately or with a transmission delay of not longer than 30 seconds), by means of radiocommunication, between 2 or more fixed points; and

                     (c)  the communication is then carried (immediately or with a transmission delay of not longer than 30 seconds) over another line link or other facility that, apart from this section, is an eligible network unit;

the communication referred to in paragraph (b) has the characteristic of double‑ended interconnection.

             (4)  In this section:

eligible network unit means a network unit:

                     (a)  that is owned by one or more carriers; or

                     (b)  in relation to which a nominated carrier declaration is in force.


 

Division 4Distinct places

36  Distinct places—basic rules

             (1)  Places are distinct unless they are all in the same area because of subsection (2), (3) or (4).

             (2)  Places are in the same area if they are all situated in the same property as defined by section 37.

             (3)  Places are in the same area if they are situated in properties each of which forms part of a combined area as defined by section 38 and:

                     (a)  the same person or persons is or are the principal user (as defined by section 39) of all the properties that together constitute that combined area; or

                     (b)  because of a determination in force under section 40, that combined area is an eligible combined area for the purposes of this paragraph.

             (4)  Places are in the same area if they are all situated in the same eligible Territory.

             (5)  The later provisions of this Division have effect only for the purposes of this Division.

37  Properties

             (1)  An area of land is a property if:

                     (a)  there is a single freehold or leasehold title in relation to that area (whether or not that title is registered under a law of a State or Territory relating to the registration of interests in land); and

                     (b)  no part of that area is subject to a lease granted by the holder of that title; and

                     (c)  the title to the area is defined by reference to geographical coordinates.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  there is a single freehold or leasehold title (as mentioned in paragraph (1)(a)) in relation to an area of land; and

                     (b)  some but not all of that area is subject to a lease granted by the holder of that title;

then, an area of land:

                     (c)  all of which is within the area referred to in paragraph (a) of this subsection; and

                     (d)  none of which is subject to such a lease;

is a property unless it is only part of another such area.

             (3)  An area of land is not a property except as provided in this section.

             (4)  The regulations may prescribe the circumstances in which an area of land in relation to which there is a single freehold or leasehold title is not to constitute a property for the purposes of this Division.

             (5)  Despite paragraph (1)(c), the regulations may prescribe the circumstances in which an area of land, the title to which is defined otherwise than by reference to geographical coordinates, is a property.

             (6)  In this section:

land includes premises and a part of premises, but does not include unalienated Crown land.

lease includes sublease and leasehold title has a corresponding meaning.

38  Combined areas

             (1)  2 contiguous properties form a combined area.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a property is contiguous with another property; and

                     (b)  the other property forms part of a combined area;

the first‑mentioned property, and the combined area referred to in paragraph (b), together form a combined area.

             (3)  Subsection (2) is recursive, that is, the reference in paragraph (2)(b) to a combined area is a reference to something that is a combined area because of any other application or applications of this section.

39  Principal user of a property

             (1)  The principal user of a property is the person who:

                     (a)  occupies the property; or

                     (b)  uses the property for the purpose that is the sole or principal purpose for which the property is used.

             (2)  However, if 2 or more persons:

                     (a)  together occupy a property; or

                     (b)  together use a property for the purpose that is the sole or principal purpose for which the property is used;

they are taken to together be the principal user of the property.

40  Eligible combined areas

             (1)  The Minister may, by writing, determine that specified combined areas are eligible combined areas for the purposes of paragraph 36(3)(b).

             (2)  An instrument under subsection (1) is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.


 

Part 3Carriers

Division 1Simplified outline

41  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      The owner of a network unit that is used to supply carriage services to the public must hold a carrier licence unless:

               (a)     a nominated carrier declaration is in force in relation to the network unit; or

               (b)     an exemption applies.

•      Carrier licences are granted by the ACMA.

•      The holder of a carrier licence is known as a carrier.

•      If responsibility for a network unit is transferred from the owner of the unit to a carrier, the ACMA may make a nominated carrier declaration that declares the carrier to be the nominated carrier in relation to the unit.

•      Carrier licences are subject to conditions.


 

Division 2Prohibitions relating to carriers

42  Network unit not to be used without carrier licence or nominated carrier declaration

             (1)  If there is only one owner of a network unit, the owner of the network unit must not use the unit, either alone or jointly with one or more other persons, to supply a carriage service to the public, unless:

                     (a)  the owner holds a carrier licence; or

                     (b)  a nominated carrier declaration is in force in relation to the unit.

             (2)  If there is only one owner of a network unit, the owner of the network unit must not allow or permit another person to use the unit to supply a carriage service to the public unless:

                     (a)  the owner holds a carrier licence; or

                     (b)  a nominated carrier declaration is in force in relation to the unit.

             (3)  If there are 2 or more owners of a network unit, an owner of the network unit must not use the unit, either alone or jointly with one or more other persons, to supply a carriage service to the public, unless:

                     (a)  the owner holds a carrier licence; or

                     (b)  a nominated carrier declaration is in force in relation to the unit.

             (4)  If there are 2 or more owners of a network unit, an owner of the network unit must not, either alone or together with one or more other owners, allow or permit another person to use the unit to supply a carriage service to the public unless:

                     (a)  the owner holds a carrier licence; or

                     (b)  a nominated carrier declaration is in force in relation to the unit.

             (5)  A person who contravenes subsection (1), (2), (3) or (4) is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by a fine not exceeding 20,000 penalty units.

Note:          See also sections 4AA and 4B of the Crimes Act 1914.

43  Continuing offences

                   A person who contravenes section 42 is guilty of a separate offence in respect of each day (including a day of a conviction under this section or any later day) during which the contravention continues.

44  Supply to the public

             (1)  This section sets out the circumstances in which a network unit is taken, for the purposes of section 42, to be used to supply a carriage service to the public.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  there is only one owner of a network unit; and

                     (b)  no nominated carrier declaration is in force in relation to the unit; and

                     (c)  any of the following conditions is satisfied:

                              (i)  the unit is used for the carriage of communications between 2 end‑users, where each end‑user is outside the immediate circle of the owner of the unit;

                             (ii)  the unit is used to supply point‑to‑multipoint services to end‑users, where at least one end‑user is outside the immediate circle of the owner of the unit;

                            (iii)  the unit is used to supply designated content services (other than point‑to‑multipoint services) to one or more end‑users, where at least one end‑user is outside the immediate circle of the owner of the unit;

the unit is used to supply a carriage service to the public.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  there are 2 or more owners of a network unit; and

                     (b)  no nominated carrier declaration is in force in relation to the unit; and

                     (c)  any of the following conditions is satisfied:

                              (i)  the unit is used for the carriage of communications between 2 end‑users, where each end‑user is outside the overlap of the immediate circles of the owners of the unit;

                             (ii)  the unit is used to supply point‑to‑multipoint services to end‑users, where at least one end‑user is outside the overlap of the immediate circles of the owners of the unit;

                            (iii)  the unit is used to supply designated content services (other than point‑to‑multipoint services) to one or more end‑users, where at least one end‑user is outside the overlap of the immediate circles of the owners of the unit;

the unit is used to supply a carriage service to the public.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a nominated carrier declaration is in force in relation to a network unit; and

                     (b)  any of the following conditions is satisfied:

                              (i)  the unit is used for the carriage of communications between 2 end‑users, where each end‑user is outside the immediate circle of the nominated carrier in relation to the unit;

                             (ii)  the unit is used to supply point‑to‑multipoint services to end‑users, where at least one end‑user is outside the immediate circle of the nominated carrier in relation to the unit;

                            (iii)  the unit is used to supply designated content services (other than point‑to‑multipoint services) to one or more end‑users, where at least one end‑user is outside the immediate circle of the nominated carrier in relation to the unit;

the unit is used to supply a carriage service to the public.

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, a person is outside the overlap of the immediate circles of the owners of a network unit unless the person is:

                     (a)  within the immediate circles of each of the owners of the unit; or

                     (b)  the owner, or one of the owners, of the unit.

             (6)  For the purposes of this section, a designated content service is a content service of a kind specified in a written determination made by the Minister.

             (7)  A determination under subsection (6) is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

45  Exemption—defence

             (1)  If the sole use of a network unit is use by, or on behalf of, a defence organisation to carry communications necessary or desirable for defence purposes, section 42 does not apply to the unit.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the principal use of a network unit is use by, or on behalf of, a defence organisation to carry communications necessary or desirable for defence purposes; and

                     (b)  the remaining use of the unit is use by one or more carriers, or by one or more exempt network‑users, to supply carriage services and/or content services;

section 42 does not apply to the unit.

             (3)  In this section:

defence organisation means:

                     (a)  the Department of Defence; or

                     (b)  the Australian Defence Force; or

                     (c)  an organisation of a foreign country, so far as the organisation:

                              (i)  has functions corresponding to functions of, or of a part of, the Department of Defence or the Australian Defence Force; and

                             (ii)  is authorised by the Commonwealth to operate or train in Australia or an external Territory; or

                     (d)  a part of such an organisation or body.

46  Exemption—intelligence operations

                   Section 42 does not apply to a network unit that is used wholly or principally:

                     (a)  by the Australian Secret Intelligence Service; or

                     (b)  by the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation.

47  Exemption—transport authorities

             (1)  Section 42 does not apply to a network unit if the sole use of the unit is use by Airservices Australia to carry communications necessary or desirable for the workings of aviation services.

             (3)  Section 42 does not apply to a network unit if the sole use of the unit is use by a State or Territory transport authority to carry communications necessary or desirable for the workings of any or all of the following services:

                     (a)  train services of a kind provided by the authority;

                     (b)  bus or other road services of a kind provided by the authority;

                     (c)  tram services of a kind provided by the authority.

             (4)  Section 42 does not apply to a network unit if the sole use of the unit is use by a rail corporation to carry communications necessary or desirable for the workings of train services.

             (5)  Section 42 does not apply to a network unit if:

                     (a)  the principal use of the unit is use by Airservices Australia to carry communications necessary or desirable for the workings of aviation services; and

                     (b)  the remaining use of the unit is use by one or more carriers, or by one or more exempt network‑users, to supply carriage services and/or content services.

             (7)  Section 42 does not apply to a network unit if:

                     (a)  the principal use of the unit is use by a State or Territory transport authority to carry communications necessary or desirable for the workings of any or all of the following services:

                              (i)  train services of a kind provided by the authority;

                             (ii)  bus or other road services of a kind provided by the authority;

                            (iii)  tram services of a kind provided by the authority; and

                     (b)  the remaining use of the unit is use by one or more carriers, or by one or more exempt network‑users, to supply carriage services and/or content services.

             (8)  Section 42 does not apply to a network unit if:

                     (a)  the principal use of the unit is use by a rail corporation to carry communications necessary or desirable for the workings of train services; and

                     (b)  the remaining use of the unit is use by one or more carriers, or by one or more exempt network‑users, to supply carriage services and/or content services.

             (9)  In this section:

rail corporation means a body corporate that manages or operates either or both of the following:

                     (a)  rail transport services;

                     (b)  rail transport infrastructure.

48  Exemption—broadcasting services

             (1)  If :

                     (a)  the sole use of a network unit is use to carry communications that are necessary or desirable for either or both of the following purposes:

                              (i)  the supply of broadcasting services to the public;

                             (ii)  the supply of a secondary carriage service by means of the main carrier signal of a primary broadcasting service; and

                     (b)  the unit does not consist of, or include, a facility used to carry communications between:

                              (i)  the head end of a cable transmission system; and

                             (ii)  the equipment used by an end‑user to receive a broadcasting service; and

                     (c)  the unit does not consist of a broadcasting transmitter transmitting a signal of a broadcasting service to its intended audience;

section 42 does not apply to the unit.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the principal use of a network unit is use to carry communications that are necessary or desirable for either or both of the following purposes:

                              (i)  the supply of broadcasting services to the public;

                             (ii)  the supply of a secondary carriage service by means of the main carrier signal of a primary broadcasting service; and

                     (b)  the unit does not consist of, or include, a facility used to carry communications between:

                              (i)  the head end of a cable transmission system; and

                             (ii)  the equipment used by an end‑user to receive a broadcasting service; and

                     (c)  the unit does not consist of a broadcasting transmitter transmitting a signal of a broadcasting service to its intended audience; and

                     (d)  the remaining use of the unit is use by one or more carriers, or by one or more exempt network‑users, to supply carriage services and/or content services;

section 42 does not apply to the unit.

             (3)  If the sole use of a line link is use for the purpose of a re‑transmission of a kind mentioned in paragraph 212(1)(a) or (b) of the Broadcasting Services Act 1992, section 42 of this Act does not apply to the line link.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the principal use of a line link is use for the purpose of a re‑transmission of a kind mentioned in paragraph 212(1)(a) or (b) of the Broadcasting Services Act 1992; and

                     (b)  the remaining use of the line link is use by one or more carriers, or by one or more exempt network‑users, to supply carriage services and/or content services;

section 42 of this Act does not apply to the line link.

          (4A)  For the purposes of this section, disregard subsection 212(3) of the Broadcasting Services Act 1992.

             (5)  In this section:

broadcasting transmitter means a radiocommunications transmitter used, or for use, to deliver a broadcasting service.

head end of a cable transmission system means a facility that:

                     (a)  is connected to a line link; and

                     (b)  is used, or for use, in connection with the delivery of a broadcasting service; and

                     (c)  processes signals for delivery by the line link to end‑users having equipment appropriate for receiving the service.

49  Exemption—electricity supply bodies

             (1)  If the sole use of a network unit is use by an electricity supply body to carry communications necessary or desirable for:

                     (a)  managing the generation, transmission, distribution or supply of electricity; or

                     (b)  charging for the supply of electricity;

section 42 does not apply to the unit.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the principal use of a network unit is use by an electricity supply body to carry communications necessary or desirable for:

                              (i)  managing the generation, transmission, distribution or supply of electricity; or

                             (ii)  charging for the supply of electricity; and

                     (b)  the remaining use of the unit is use by one or more carriers, or by one or more exempt network‑users, to supply carriage services and/or content services;

section 42 does not apply to the unit.

             (3)  In this section:

electricity supply body means an authority, or a body corporate, that carries on a business, or performs a function, of:

                     (a)  generating, transmitting, distributing or supplying electricity; or

                     (b)  managing the generation, transmission, distribution or supply of electricity.

50  Exemption—line links authorised by or under previous laws

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a line link consists of facilities in relation to which an authorisation was in force under paragraph 13(1)(a) of the Telecommunications Act 1975 immediately before the repeal of that Act; and

                     (b)  the sole use of the line link is use as provided in, and in accordance with any conditions specified in, the authorisation;

section 42 of this Act does not apply to the line link.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a line link consists of facilities in relation to which an authorisation was in force under paragraph 13(1)(a) of the Telecommunications Act 1975 immediately before the repeal of that Act; and

                     (b)  the principal use of the line link is use as provided in, and in accordance with any conditions specified in, the authorisation; and

                     (c)  the remaining use of the line link is use by one or more carriers, or by one or more exempt network‑users, to supply carriage services and/or content services;

section 42 of this Act does not apply to the line link.

             (3)  If a line link consists of facilities that:

                     (a)  were installed before the repeal of section 45 of the Telecommunications Act 1989; and

                     (b)  immediately before that repeal, were permitted by that section to be maintained and operated;

section 42 of this Act does not apply to the line link.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a line link consists of facilities in relation to which an authorisation was in force under section 46 of the Telecommunications Act 1989 immediately before the repeal of that Act; and

                     (b)  the sole use of the line link is use as provided in, and in accordance with any conditions specified in, the authorisation;

section 42 of this Act does not apply to the line link.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  a line link consists of facilities in relation to which an authorisation was in force under section 46 of the Telecommunications Act 1989 immediately before the repeal of that Act; and

                     (b)  the principal use of the line link is use as provided in, and in accordance with any conditions specified in, the authorisation; and

                     (c)  the remaining use of the line link is use by one or more carriers, or by one or more exempt network‑users, to supply carriage services and/or content services;

section 42 of this Act does not apply to the line link.

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  a line link consists of facilities in relation to which an authorisation was in force under section 108 of the Telecommunications Act 1991 immediately before the repeal of that Act; and

                     (b)  the sole use of the line link is use as provided in, and in accordance with any conditions specified in, the authorisation;

section 42 of this Act does not apply to the line link.

             (7)  If:

                     (a)  a line link consists of facilities in relation to which an authorisation was in force under section 108 of the Telecommunications Act 1991 immediately before the repeal of that Act; and

                     (b)  the principal use of the line link is use as provided in, and in accordance with any conditions specified in, the authorisation; and

                     (c)  the remaining use of the line link is use by one or more carriers, or by one or more exempt network‑users, to supply carriage services and/or content services;

section 42 of this Act does not apply to the line link.

51  Exemption—Ministerial determination

             (1)  The Minister may, by written instrument, determine that section 42 does not apply in relation to:

                     (a)  a specified network unit; or

                     (b)  a specified person; or

                     (c)  a specified use of a network unit.

             (2)  A determination under this section may be unconditional or subject to such conditions (if any) as are specified in the determination.

             (3)  A determination under this section has effect accordingly.

             (4)  A determination under this section is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.


 

Division 3Carrier licences

52  Applications for carrier licence

                   A person may apply to the ACMA for a carrier licence, so long as the person is:

                     (a)  a constitutional corporation; or

                     (b)  an eligible partnership; or

                     (c)  a public body.

53  Form of application etc.

                   An application must be:

                     (a)  in writing; and

                     (b)  in accordance with the form approved in writing by the ACMA.

53A  Copy of application to be given to Communications Access Co‑ordinator

             (1)  The ACMA must give a copy of the application to the Communications Access Co‑ordinator.

             (2)  For the purposes of sections 56A and 59, the application is taken not to have been received by the ACMA until the copy is received by the Communications Access Co‑ordinator.

54  Application to be accompanied by charge

                   An application must be accompanied by the charge (if any) imposed on the application by Part 2 of the Telecommunications (Carrier Licence Charges) Act 1997.

55  Further information

             (1)  The ACMA may, within 20 business days after an application is made, request the applicant to give the ACMA, within the period specified in the request, further information about the application.

             (2)  The ACMA may refuse to consider the application until the applicant gives the ACMA the information.

             (3)  In this section:

business day means a day on which the ACMA is open for business in the Australian Capital Territory and in Victoria.

56  Grant of licence

             (1)  After considering an application, the ACMA may grant a carrier licence in accordance with the application.

             (2)  If the ACMA grants a carrier licence to a person, the ACMA must give the person a written notice stating that the licence has been granted.

             (3)  If the ACMA grants a carrier licence, the ACMA must cause to be published in the Gazette a notice stating that the licence has been granted.

56A  Consultation with Communications Access Co‑ordinator

             (1)  The ACMA must not grant a carrier licence unless it has consulted the Communications Access Co‑ordinator about the licence application.

             (2)  Within 15 business days after the date on which the ACMA received the licence application, the Communications Access Co‑ordinator may give a written notice to the ACMA, stating that the Communications Access Co‑ordinator does not require any further consultation about the application. The notice cannot be revoked.

Note:          Under section 53A, the application is treated as not being received by the ACMA until a copy has been received by the Communications Access Co‑ordinator.

             (3)  Within 15 business days after the date on which the ACMA received the licence application, the Communications Access Co‑ordinator may give a written notice to the ACMA:

                     (a)  stating that, while the notice remains in force, the ACMA must not grant the carrier licence; and

                     (b)  specifying the period during which the notice remains in force (unless earlier revoked), which period cannot end more than 3 months after the date of the notice.

However, the Communications Access Co‑ordinator cannot give such a notice if the Communications Access Co‑ordinator has earlier given a notice under subsection (2) in relation to the application.

             (4)  At any time while a notice is in force under subsection (3), or under this subsection, the Communications Access Co‑ordinator may give a further written notice to the ACMA:

                     (a)  stating that, while the notice remains in force, the ACMA must not grant the carrier licence; and

                     (b)  specifying the period during which the notice remains in force (unless earlier revoked), which period cannot end more than 3 months after the date of the notice or more than 12 months after the date of the notice under subsection (3).

             (5)  The Communications Access Co‑ordinator may, by notice in writing to the ACMA, revoke a notice under subsection (3) or (4).

             (6)  The Communications Access Co‑ordinator cannot issue a further notice under subsection (3) or (4) in respect of the application after it has revoked such a notice.

             (7)  The ACMA must give the applicant a copy of each notice that the ACMA receives from the Communications Access Co‑ordinator under subsection (3), (4) or (5).

             (8)  The ACMA must not grant the carrier licence while a notice is in force under subsection (3) or (4).

             (9)  In this section:

business day means a day on which the ACMA is open for business in the Australian Capital Territory and in Victoria.

57  Carrier licence has effect subject to this Act

             (1)  A carrier licence has effect subject to this Act.

             (2)  In this section:

this Act includes the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999 and regulations under that Act.

58  Refusal of carrier licence—disqualified applicant

             (1)  The ACMA may refuse to grant a carrier licence to an applicant if, immediately before the ACMA makes its decision on the application, the applicant is disqualified.

When body corporate is disqualified

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, a body corporate is disqualified at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at any time before the test time, a carrier licence held by the body corporate was cancelled under subsection 72(1) or (2); or

                     (b)  at any time before the test time, a carrier licence held by a partnership in which the body corporate was a partner was cancelled under subsection 72(1) or (2); or

                     (c)  at the test time, any of the following individuals is disqualified:

                              (i)  a director of the body corporate;

                             (ii)  the secretary of the body corporate;

                            (iii)  a person (by whatever name called and whether or not a director of the body corporate) who is concerned in, or takes part in, the management of the body corporate.

When individual is disqualifiedfailure to pay annual charge

             (3)  For the purposes of subsection (2), an individual is disqualified at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at any time before the test time, a carrier licence held by a body corporate or partnership was cancelled under subsection 72(1) because of a failure by the body corporate or partnership to pay in full the charge referred to in that subsection; and

                     (b)  in the case of a body corporate—at the time when the charge referred to in subsection 72(1) was due and payable, the individual was:

                              (i)  a director of the body corporate; or

                             (ii)  the secretary of the body corporate; or

                            (iii)  a person (by whatever name called and whether or not a director of the body corporate) who was concerned in, or took part in, the management of the body corporate; and

                     (c)  in the case of a partnership—at the time when the charge referred to in subsection 72(1) was due and payable, the individual:

                              (i)  was an employee of the partnership; and

                             (ii)  was concerned in, or took part in, the management of the partnership; and

                     (d)  the individual:

                              (i)  aided, abetted, counselled or procured the failure of the body corporate or partnership; or

                             (ii)  was in any way, by act or omission, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, the failure of the body corporate or partnership.

When individual is disqualifiedfailure to pay universal service levy

             (4)  For the purposes of subsection (2), an individual is disqualified at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at any time before the test time, a carrier licence held by a body corporate or partnership was cancelled under subsection 72(2) because of a failure by the body corporate or partnership to pay in full the levy referred to in that subsection; and

                     (b)  in the case of a body corporate—at the time when the levy referred to in subsection 72(2) was due and payable, the individual was:

                              (i)  a director of the body corporate; or

                             (ii)  the secretary of the body corporate; or

                            (iii)  a person (by whatever name called and whether or not a director of the body corporate) who was concerned in, or took part in, the management of the body corporate; and

                     (c)  in the case of a partnership—at the time when the levy referred to in subsection 72(2) was due and payable, the individual:

                              (i)  was an employee of the partnership; and

                             (ii)  was concerned in, or took part in, the management of the partnership; and

                     (d)  the individual:

                              (i)  aided, abetted, counselled or procured the failure of the body corporate or partnership; or

                             (ii)  was in any way, by act or omission, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, the failure of the body corporate or partnership.

When partnership is disqualified

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, a partnership is disqualified at a particular time (the test time) if:

                     (a)  at any time before the test time, a carrier licence held by the partnership was cancelled under subsection 72(1) or (2); or

                     (b)  at the test time, any of the partners is disqualified; or

                     (c)  at the test time, an individual who:

                              (i)  is an employee of the partnership; and

                             (ii)  is concerned in, or takes part in, the management of the partnership;

                            is disqualified.

This section does not limit grounds for refusal to grant carrier licence

             (6)  This section does not, by implication, limit the grounds on which the ACMA may refuse to grant a carrier licence.

58A  Refusal of carrier licence—security

             (1)  If the Attorney‑General, after consulting the Prime Minister and the Minister administering this Act, considers that the grant of a carrier licence to a particular person would be prejudicial to security, the Attorney‑General may give a written direction to the ACMA not to grant a carrier licence to the person.

             (2)  The ACMA must comply with a direction under subsection (1).

             (3)  While a direction is in force under this section:

                     (a)  the ACMA cannot reconsider a non‑compulsory refusal to grant a carrier licence to the person; and

                     (b)  the Administrative Appeals Tribunal cannot consider an application for review of a non‑compulsory refusal to grant a carrier licence to the person.

             (4)  If an application for a carrier licence is pending at the time when the Attorney‑General gives a direction to the ACMA under this section, then the application lapses.

Note:          Section 73A provides for refund of the application charge.

             (5)  In this section:

non‑compulsory refusal means a refusal to grant a carrier licence, other than a refusal that is required by section 56A or this section.

security has the same meaning as in the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979.

59  Time limit on licence decision

Deemed refusal of licence application if no decision by deadline

             (1)  If the ACMA neither grants, nor refuses to grant, a carrier licence before the end of the deadline day worked out under the following subsections, then the ACMA is taken, at the end of that day, to have refused to grant the licence.

Case 1: no section 55 request and no section 56A notice in force

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the ACMA did not give a section 55 request; and

                     (b)  there is no section 56A notice in force at the end of the 20th business day after the application day;

then the deadline day is the 20th business day after the application day.

Case 2: no section 55 request but section 56A notice in force

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  the ACMA did not give a section 55 request; and

                     (b)  there is a section 56A notice in force at the end of the 20th business day after the application day;

then the deadline day is the fifth business day after the section 56A expiration day. For this purpose, the section 56A expiration day is the first day after the end of that 20th business day on which there is no notice in force under section 56A.

Case 3: section 55 request complied with and no section 56A notice in force

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the ACMA gave a section 55 request; and

                     (b)  the request was complied with; and

                     (c)  there is no section 56A notice in force at the end of the tenth business day after the day on which the request was complied with;

then the deadline day is the tenth business day after the day on which the request was complied with.

Case 4: section 55 request complied with and section 56A notice in force

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  the ACMA gave a section 55 request; and

                     (b)  the request was complied with; and

                     (c)  there is a section 56A notice in force at the end of the tenth business day after the day on which the request was complied with;

then the deadline day is the fifth business day after the section 56A expiration day. For this purpose, the section 56A expiration day is the first day after the end of that tenth business day on which there is no notice in force under section 56A.

Case 5: section 55 request not complied with and no section 56A notice in force

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  the ACMA gave a section 55 request; and

                     (b)  the request was not complied with; and

                     (c)  there is no section 56A notice in force at the end of the tenth business day after the day specified in the section 55 request;

then the deadline day is the tenth business day after the day specified in the section 55 request.

Case 6: section 55 request not complied with and section 56A notice in force

             (7)  If:

                     (a)  the ACMA gave a section 55 request; and

                     (b)  the request was not complied with; and

                     (c)  there is a section 56A notice in force at the end of the tenth business day after the day specified in the section 55 request;

then the deadline day is the fifth business day after the section 56A expiration day. For this purpose, the section 56A expiration day is the first day after the end of that tenth business day on which there is no notice in force under section 56A.

             (8)  In this section:

application day means the day on which the ACMA received the licence application.

Note:          Under section 53A, the application is treated as not being received by the ACMA until a copy has been received by the Communications Access Co‑ordinator.

business day means a day on which the ACMA is open for business in the Australian Capital Territory and in Victoria.

section 55 request means a request under section 55 in relation to the licence application.

section 56A notice means a notice under subsection 56A(3) or (4) in relation to the licence application.

60  Notification of refusal of application

                   If the ACMA refuses to grant a carrier licence, the ACMA must give written notice of the refusal to the applicant.

61  Conditions of carrier licence specified in Schedule 1

             (1)  A carrier licence is subject to the conditions specified in Schedule 1.

             (2)  At any time after the last day on which a report of a subsection 61A(1) review was tabled in a House of the Parliament, the Minister may, by written instrument, declare that Part 8 of Schedule 1 ceases to have effect on a specified day. The specified day must not be earlier than the last day on which a resolution disallowing the declaration could have been passed by a House of the Parliament under section 42 of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

Note:          A subsection 61A(1) review must be conducted before 1 July 2009.

             (3)  A declaration under subsection (2) has effect accordingly.

             (4)  A declaration under subsection (2) is a legislative instrument for the purposes of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

61A  Review before 1 July 2009 of conditions relating to operational separation of Telstra

             (1)  Before 1 July 2009, the Minister must cause to be conducted a review of the operation of Part 8 of Schedule 1.

             (2)  A review under subsection (1) must have regard to the following matters:

                     (a)  the state of competition in telecommunications markets;

                     (b)  whether Telstra has a substantial degree of power in any telecommunications market;

                     (c)  technological developments that have, or might reasonably be expected to have, a significant impact on competition in telecommunications markets;

                     (d)  Telstra’s commercial incentives for supplying wholesale eligible services;

                     (e)  costs and benefits of the operation of Part 8 of Schedule 1.

             (3)  The Minister must cause to be prepared a report of a review under subsection (1).

             (4)  The Minister must cause copies of the report to be tabled in each House of the Parliament within 15 sitting days of that House after the completion of the preparation of the report.

             (5)  In this section:

eligible service has the same meaning as in section 152AL of the Trade Practices Act 1974.

substantial degree of power in a telecommunications market has the same meaning as in Part XIB of the Trade Practices Act 1974.

telecommunications market has the same meaning as in Part XIB of the Trade Practices Act 1974.

62  Condition of carrier licence set out in section 152AZ of the Trade Practices Act 1974

                   A carrier licence is subject to the condition set out in section 152AZ of the Trade Practices Act 1974.

Note:          Section 152AZ of the Trade Practices Act 1974 deals with standard access obligations.

63  Conditions of carrier licence declared by Minister

Conditions applying to each carrier licence

             (1)  The Minister may, by written instrument, declare that each carrier licence is subject to such conditions as are specified in the instrument.

Conditions applying to specified existing carrier licences

             (2)  The Minister may, by written instrument, declare that a specified carrier licence is subject to such conditions as are specified in the instrument.

Note:          A licence may be specified by name, by inclusion in a specified class or in any other way.

Conditions applying to specified future carrier licences

             (3)  The Minister may, by written instrument, declare that, in the event that a carrier licence is granted to a specified person during a specified period, the carrier licence is subject to such conditions as are specified in the instrument.

Declarations have effect

             (4)  A declaration under this section has effect accordingly.

Variation of conditions

             (5)  The Minister may, by written instrument, vary an instrument under subsection (1), (2) or (3).

Revocation of conditions

             (6)  The Minister may, by written instrument, revoke an instrument under subsection (1), (2) or (3).

Notification of conditions—existing licences

             (7)  As soon as practicable after the Minister makes an instrument under subsection (1), (2), (5) or (6) that relates to a licence, the Minister must give the holder of the licence a copy of the instrument.

Notification of conditions—future licences

             (8)  As soon as practicable after the Minister makes an instrument under subsection (3) that relates to a licence, the Minister must give the applicant for the licence a copy of the instrument.

Validity not affected by failure to notify conditions

             (9)  A contravention of subsection (7) or (8) does not affect the validity of an instrument.

Gazettal

           (10)  A copy of an instrument under subsection (1), (2), (3), (5) or (6) is to be published in the Gazette.

Date of effect—existing licences

           (11)  An instrument under subsection (1), (2), (5) or (6) takes effect:

                     (a)  on the day on which a copy of the instrument is published in the Gazette; or

                     (b)  if the instrument specifies a later day—on that later day.

Date of effect—future licences

           (12)  An instrument under subsection (3) relating to a licence takes effect when the licence is granted.

Disallowable instrument

           (13)  An instrument under subsection (1), (2), (3), (5) or (6) is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

64  Consultation about declared licence conditions

             (1)  Before making an instrument under subsection 63(1), (2), (5) or (6) that relates to a licence, the Minister must first:

                     (a)  cause the holder of the licence to be given a written notice setting out a draft version of the instrument and inviting the holder to make submissions to the Minister on the draft; and

                     (b)  consider any submissions that were received within the time limit specified in the notice.

             (2)  The time limit specified in a notice under subsection (1) must be at least 30 days.

             (3)  Before making an instrument under subsection 63(3) that relates to a licence, the Minister must first:

                     (a)  cause the applicant for the licence to be given a written notice setting out a draft version of the instrument and inviting the applicant to make submissions to the Minister on the draft; and

                     (b)  consider any submissions that were received within the time limit specified in the notice.

65  Conditions about foreign ownership or control

             (1)  A condition of a carrier licence may relate to the extent of foreign ownership or control (whether direct or indirect) of the holder.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not, by implication, limit the conditions that may be declared under section 63.

67  Carrier licence conditions—special provisions

             (1)  A condition of a carrier licence held by a carrier has effect subject to the provisions of a licence under the Radiocommunications Act 1992 under which the carrier is authorised to do something.

             (2)  A condition of a carrier licence held by a carrier may remove or restrict a right or privilege that the carrier would otherwise have under a provision of this Act (whether or not in the carrier’s capacity as a carrier).

             (3)  In this section:

this Act includes the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999 and regulations under that Act.

68  Compliance with conditions

             (1)  A carrier must not contravene a condition of the carrier licence held by the carrier.

             (2)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (1).

             (3)  Subsections (1) and (2) are civil penalty provisions.

Note:          Part 31 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.

69  Remedial directions—breach of condition

             (1)  This section applies if a carrier has contravened, or is contravening, a condition of the carrier licence held by the carrier.

             (2)  The ACMA may give the carrier a written direction requiring the carrier to take specified action directed towards ensuring that the carrier does not contravene the condition, or is unlikely to contravene the condition, in the future.

             (3)  The following are examples of the kinds of direction that may be given to a carrier under subsection (2):

                     (a)  a direction that the carrier implement effective administrative systems for monitoring compliance with a condition of the licence;

                     (b)  a direction that the carrier implement a system designed to give the carrier’s employees, agents and contractors a reasonable knowledge and understanding of the requirements of a condition of the licence, in so far as those requirements affect the employees, agents or contractors concerned.

             (4)  A carrier must not contravene a direction under subsection (2).

             (5)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a condition set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1 in so far as that condition relates to section 369.

Note:          Section 369 deals with Rules of Conduct under section 367.

             (6)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a condition set out in Part 3 or 4 of Schedule 1.

Note:          Parts 3 and 4 of Schedule 1 deal with access to supplementary facilities and network information.

             (7)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the condition set out in section 152AZ of the Trade Practices Act 1974.

Note:          Section 152AZ of the Trade Practices Act 1974 deals with standard access obligations.

             (8)  A direction under subsection (2) is not a legislative instrument for the purposes of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

69A  Remedial directions—breach by Telstra of conditions relating to operational separation

             (1)  This section applies if Telstra has contravened, or is contravening, a condition set out in Part 8 of Schedule 1.

             (2)  The ACCC may give Telstra a written direction requiring Telstra to take specified action directed towards ensuring that Telstra does not contravene the condition, or is unlikely to contravene the condition, in the future.

             (3)  The following are examples of the kinds of direction that may be given to Telstra under subsection (2):

                     (a)  a direction that Telstra implement effective administrative systems for monitoring compliance with the condition;

                     (b)  a direction that Telstra implement a system designed to give Telstra’s employees, agents and contractors a reasonable knowledge and understanding of the requirements of the condition, in so far as those requirements affect the employees, agents or contractors concerned.

             (4)  Telstra must not contravene a direction under subsection (2).

             (5)  A direction under subsection (2) is not a legislative instrument for the purposes of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

             (6)  This section does not limit section 69.

69B  Review by the Australian Competition Tribunal of remedial directions given by the ACCC

Application for review

             (1)  If the ACCC gives a section 69A direction to Telstra, Telstra may apply to the Australian Competition Tribunal for a review of the direction.

             (2)  An application under this section for a review of a section 69A direction must be:

                     (a)  in writing; and

                     (b)  made within 7 days after the ACCC gave the direction.

Review

             (3)  If the Australian Competition Tribunal receives an application under this section for review of a section 69A direction, the Australian Competition Tribunal must review the direction.

Decision on review

             (4)  On a review of a section 69A direction, the Australian Competition Tribunal may make a decision:

                     (a)  affirming the direction; or

                     (b)  setting aside the direction; or

                     (c)  setting aside the direction and, in substitution for the direction so set aside, making a section 69A direction; or

                     (d)  varying the direction;

and, for the purposes of the review, the Australian Competition Tribunal may perform all the functions and exercise all the powers of the ACCC.

             (5)  A decision by the Australian Competition Tribunal:

                     (a)  affirming a section 69A direction; or

                     (b)  setting aside a section 69A direction; or

                     (c)  made in substitution for a section 69A direction; or

                     (d)  varying a section 69A direction;

is taken, for the purposes of this Act (other than this section), to be a decision of the ACCC.

Conduct of review

             (6)  For the purposes of a review by the Australian Competition Tribunal under this section, the member of the Tribunal presiding at the review may require the ACCC to give such information, make such reports and provide such other assistance to the Tribunal as the member specifies.

             (7)  For the purposes of a review, the Australian Competition Tribunal may have regard to any information given, documents produced or evidence given to the ACCC in connection with the making of the section 69A direction to which the review relates.

             (8)  To avoid doubt, Division 2 of Part IX of the Trade Practices Act 1974 applies to proceedings before the Australian Competition Tribunal under this section.

70  Formal warnings—breach of condition

             (1)  The ACMA may issue a formal warning if a carrier contravenes a condition of the carrier licence held by the carrier.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a condition set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1 in so far as that condition relates to section 369.

Note:          Section 369 deals with Rules of Conduct under section 367.

             (3)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a condition set out in Part 3 or 4 of Schedule 1.

Note:          Parts 3 and 4 of Schedule 1 deal with access to supplementary facilities and network information.

             (4)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the condition set out in section 152AZ of the Trade Practices Act 1974.

Note:          Section 152AZ of the Trade Practices Act 1974 deals with standard access obligations.

             (5)  The ACCC may issue a formal warning if a carrier contravenes any of the following conditions of the carrier licence held by the carrier:

                     (a)  the condition set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1 in so far as that condition relates to section 369;

                     (b)  a condition set out in Part 3 or 4 of Schedule 1;

                    (ba)  if the carrier is Telstra—a condition set out in Part 8 of Schedule 1;

                     (c)  the condition set out in section 152AZ of the Trade Practices Act 1974.

             (6)  Paragraph (5)(ba) does not limit subsection (1).

71  Surrender of carrier licence

                   A carrier may, by written notice given to the ACMA, surrender the carrier licence held by the carrier.

72  Cancellation of carrier licence

Failure to pay annual charge

             (1)  The ACMA may cancel a carrier licence held by a carrier if the carrier fails to pay in full any annual charge on or before the date on which the charge becomes due and payable. For this purpose, annual charge means charge imposed by Part 3 of the Telecommunications (Carrier Licence Charges) Act 1997.

Failure to pay universal service levy

             (2)  The ACMA may cancel a carrier licence held by a carrier if the carrier fails to pay in full any levy on or before the date on which the levy becomes due and payable.

Note:          Levy is defined by section 7 to mean levy imposed by the Telecommunications (Universal Service Levy) Act 1997.

Becoming a disqualified body corporate

             (3)  If the holder of a carrier licence becomes a disqualified body corporate (within the meaning of section 58), the ACMA may cancel the licence.

Becoming a disqualified partnership

             (4)  If the holder of a carrier licence becomes a disqualified partnership (within the meaning of section 58), the ACMA may cancel the licence.

Ceasing to be a constitutional corporation, eligible partnership or public body

             (5)  If, at a particular time, the holder of a carrier licence is none of the following:

                     (a)  a constitutional corporation;

                     (b)  an eligible partnership;

                     (c)  a public body;

the licence is taken to have been cancelled at that time.

Submissions relating to proposed cancellation

             (6)  The ACMA must not cancel a carrier licence under subsection (1), (2), (3) or (4) unless the ACMA has first:

                     (a)  given the carrier a written notice:

                              (i)  setting out a proposal to cancel the licence; and

                             (ii)  inviting the carrier to make a submission to the ACMA on the proposal; and

                     (b)  considered any submission that was received within the time limit specified in the notice.

Time limit

             (7)  A time limit specified in the notice under subsection (6) must run for at least 7 days.

Notification of cancellation

             (8)  If a carrier licence held by a person is cancelled, the ACMA must give written notice of the cancellation to the person.

73  Collection of charges relating to carrier licences

Definitions

             (1)  In this section:

annual charge means charge imposed by Part 3 of the Telecommunications (Carrier Licence Charges) Act 1997.

application charge means charge imposed by Part 2 of the Telecommunications (Carrier Licence Charges) Act 1997.

late payment penalty means an amount that is payable by way of penalty in accordance with a determination under subsection (4).

When application charge due and payable

             (2)  Application charge imposed on an application for a carrier licence is due and payable when the application is made.

When annual charge due and payable

             (3)  Annual charge is due and payable at the time ascertained in accordance with a written determination made by the ACMA.

Late payment penalty

             (4)  The ACMA may, by written instrument, determine that, if any annual charge payable by a person remains unpaid after the time when it became due for payment, the person is liable to pay to the Commonwealth, by way of penalty, an amount calculated at the rate of:

                     (a)  20% per annum; or

                     (b)  if the determination specifies a lower percentage—that lower percentage per annum;

on the amount unpaid, computed from that time.

Determination has effect

             (5)  A determination under subsection (4) has effect accordingly.

Remission of penalty

             (6)  A determination under subsection (4) may authorise the ACMA to make decisions about the remission of the whole or a part of an amount of late payment penalty.

Payment of charge and late payment penalty

             (7)  Annual charge, application charge and late payment penalty are payable to the ACMA on behalf of the Commonwealth.

Recovery of charge and penalty

             (8)  Annual charge, application charge and late payment penalty may be recovered by the ACMA, on behalf of the Commonwealth, as debts due to the Commonwealth.

Payment to the Commonwealth

             (9)  Amounts received by way of annual charge, application charge or late payment penalty must be paid to the Commonwealth.

Disallowable instrument

           (10)  A determination under subsection (3) or (4) is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

73A  Refund of application charge

             (1)  This section applies to application charge that has been paid in respect of an application for a carrier licence if:

                     (a)  the application lapses under section 58A; or

                     (b)  the application has been refused and there is no longer any possibility of the refusal decision being set aside.

             (2)  The ACMA, on behalf of the Commonwealth, must refund the application charge to the applicant.

             (3)  The Consolidated Revenue Fund is appropriated for payments under this section.

             (4)  In this section:

application charge means charge imposed by Part 2 of the Telecommunications (Carrier Licence Charges) Act 1997.

74  Collection of charges on behalf of the Commonwealth

                   The ACMA may enter into an arrangement with a person under which the person may, on behalf of the Commonwealth, collect payments of charge imposed by the Telecommunications (Carrier Licence Charges) Act 1997.

75  Cancellation of certain exemptions from charge

             (1)  This section cancels the effect of a provision of another Act that would have the effect of exempting a person from liability to pay charge imposed by the Telecommunications (Carrier Licence Charges) Act 1997.

             (2)  The cancellation does not apply if the provision of the other Act is enacted after the commencement of this section and refers specifically to charge imposed by the Telecommunications (Carrier Licence Charges) Act 1997.

76  Commonwealth not liable to charge

             (1)  The Commonwealth is not liable to pay charge imposed by the Telecommunications (Carrier Licence Charges) Act 1997.

             (2)  A reference in this section to the Commonwealth includes a reference to an authority of the Commonwealth that cannot, by law of the Commonwealth, be made liable to taxation by the Commonwealth.


 

Division 4Nominated carrier declarations

77  Applications for nominated carrier declarations

                   A carrier may apply to the ACMA for a nominated carrier declaration in relation to one or more specified network units.

Note:          A network unit may be specified by name, by inclusion in a specified class or in any other way.

78  Application to be accompanied by charge etc.

             (1)  An application must be accompanied by:

                     (a)  the charge (if any) fixed by a determination under section 60 of the Australian Communications and Media Authority Act 2005; and

                     (b)  the consent of the owner, or each of the owners, of the network units; and

                     (c)  the election of the applicant accepting responsibility for the units for the purposes of this Act.

             (2)  In this section:

this Act includes the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999 and regulations under that Act.

79  Form of application etc.

                   The application, consent and election must be:

                     (a)  in writing; and

                     (b)  in accordance with a form approved in writing by the ACMA.

80  Further information

             (1)  The ACMA may request the applicant to give the ACMA, within the period specified in the request, further information about the application.

             (2)  The ACMA may refuse to consider the application until the applicant gives the ACMA the information.

81  Making a nominated carrier declaration

             (1)  After considering the application, the ACMA may declare in writing that the applicant is the nominated carrier in relation to the network units if the ACMA is satisfied that:

                     (a)  if the declaration were made, the applicant would be in a position to comply with all of the obligations imposed on the applicant in the applicant’s capacity as the nominated carrier in relation to the units; and

                     (b)  the making of the declaration will not impede the efficient administration of this Act.

             (2)  The ACMA may only declare one carrier to be the nominated carrier in relation to the network units.

             (3)  The ACMA must give a copy of the declaration to:

                     (a)  the applicant; and

                     (b)  the owner, or each of the owners, of the network units.

             (4)  A copy of the declaration is to be published in the Gazette.

             (5)  In this section:

this Act includes the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999 and regulations under that Act.

81A  Obligations of nominated carrier

             (1)  If at any time the nominated carrier does not own or operate the network units, this Act nevertheless applies to the nominated carrier in relation to the network units as if they were owned or operated by the nominated carrier.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not affect the application of this Act in relation to any other person who owns or operates the network units.

             (3)  In this section:

this Act includes the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999 and regulations under that Act.

82  Notification of refusal of application

                   If the ACMA refuses to make a nominated carrier declaration, the ACMA must give written notice of the refusal to:

                     (a)  the applicant; and

                     (b)  the owner, or each of the owners, of the network units.

83  Revocation of nominated carrier declaration

             (1)  The ACMA may, by writing, revoke a nominated carrier declaration relating to a nominated carrier if the ACMA is satisfied that, if it were assumed that the nominated carrier were to apply for the declaration, the ACMA would refuse to make the declaration.

             (2)  The ACMA must, by writing, revoke the nominated carrier declaration relating to a nominated carrier and relating to one or more network units if:

                     (a)  the owner, or any of the owners, of the network units gives the ACMA a written notice stating that the owner does not consent to the continued operation of the declaration; or

                     (b)  the nominated carrier gives the ACMA a written notice stating that it does not accept responsibility for the units for the purposes of this Act.

             (3)  The ACMA must give a copy of the revocation to:

                     (a)  the former nominated carrier; and

                     (b)  the owner, or each of the owners, of the network units concerned.

             (4)  A copy of the revocation must be published in the Gazette.

             (5)  A revocation under subsection (1) or (2) takes effect on the date specified in the revocation.

             (6)  The ACMA must not revoke a nominated carrier declaration under subsection (1) unless the ACMA has first:

                     (a)  given the nominated carrier a written notice:

                              (i)  setting out a proposal to revoke the declaration; and

                             (ii)  inviting the nominated carrier to make a submission to the ACMA on the proposal; and

                     (b)  considered any submission that was received within the time limit specified in the notice.

             (7)  A time limit specified in a notice under subsection (6) must run for at least 7 days.

             (8)  In this section:

this Act includes the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999 and regulations under that Act.


 

Division 5Register of nominated carrier declarations and carrier licences

84  Register of nominated carrier declarations and carrier licences

             (1)  The ACMA is to maintain a Register in which the ACMA includes:

                     (a)  all nominated carrier declarations currently in force; and

                     (b)  all carrier licences currently in force; and

                     (c)  all conditions of such licences.

             (2)  The Register may be maintained by electronic means.

             (3)  A person may, on payment of the charge (if any) fixed by a determination under section 60 of the Australian Communications and Media Authority Act 2005:

                     (a)  inspect the Register; and

                     (b)  make a copy of, or take extracts from, the Register.

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, if the Register is maintained by electronic means, a person is taken to have made a copy of, or taken an extract from, the Register if the ACMA gives the person a printout of, or of the relevant parts of, the Register.

             (5)  If a person requests that a copy be provided in an electronic form, the ACMA may provide the relevant information:

                     (a)  on a data processing device; or

                     (b)  by way of electronic transmission.


 

Part 4Service providers

Division 1Simplified outline

85  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      A service provider is:

               (a)     a carriage service provider; or

               (b)     a content service provider.

•      A carriage service provider is a person who supplies, or proposes to supply, certain carriage services.

•      A content service provider is a person who supplies, or proposes to supply, certain content services.

•      Service providers must comply with the service provider rules.


 

Division 2Service providers

86  Service providers

                   For the purposes of this Act, a service provider is:

                     (a)  a carriage service provider; or

                     (b)  a content service provider.

Note 1:       Carriage service provider is defined by section 87.

Note 2:       Content service provider is defined by section 97.


 

Division 3Carriage service providers

87  Carriage service providers

Basic definition

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, if a person supplies, or proposes to supply, a listed carriage service to the public using:

                     (a)  a network unit owned by one or more carriers; or

                     (b)  a network unit in relation to which a nominated carrier declaration is in force;

the person is a carriage service provider.

International carriage service providers

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  a person supplies, or proposes to supply, a listed carriage service to the public using:

                              (i)  a line link connecting a place in Australia and a place outside Australia; or

                             (ii)  a satellite‑based facility; and

                     (b)  the carriage service is mentioned in paragraph 16(1)(b) or (c);

the person is a carriage service provider.

Secondary users of exempt network units

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  a carrier or an exempt network‑user supplies a carriage service as mentioned in any of the following provisions:

                              (i)  paragraph 45(2)(b);

                             (ii)  paragraph 47(5)(b);

                            (iii)  paragraph 47(6)(b);

                            (iv)  paragraph 47(7)(b);

                             (v)  paragraph 47(8)(b);

                            (vi)  paragraph 48(2)(d);

                           (vii)  paragraph 48(4)(b);

                           (viii)  paragraph 49(2)(b);

                            (ix)  paragraph 50(2)(c);

                             (x)  paragraph 50(5)(c);

                            (xi)  paragraph 50(7)(c); and

                     (b)  the carriage service is supplied to the public;

the carrier or the exempt network‑user, as the case may be, is a carriage service provider.

Declared carriage service providers

             (4)  The Minister may, by written instrument, declare that a specified person who supplies, or proposes to supply, a specified listed carriage service is a carriage service provider for the purposes of this Act. A declaration under this subsection has effect accordingly.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 46(2) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

Intermediaries

             (5)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  a person (the first person), for reward, arranges, or proposes to arrange, for the supply of a listed carriage service by a carriage service provider to a third person; and

                     (b)  the first person would be a carriage service provider under subsection (1) or (2) if the person had supplied that carriage service; and

                     (c)  the commercial relationship between the first person and the third person is, or is to be, governed (in whole or in part) by an agreement between the first person and the third person that deals with one or more matters relating to the continuing supply of the service (whether or not that supply is, or is to be, for a readily ascertainable period); and

                     (d)  the conditions (if any) specified in a determination under subsection (8) are satisfied;

the person is a carriage service provider.

Note:          Under section 7, carriage service intermediary is defined to mean a person who is a carriage service provider under this subsection.

             (6)  For the purposes of paragraph (5)(a), it does not matter whether the first person makes arrangements as agent for:

                     (a)  the carriage service provider; or

                     (b)  the third person; or

                     (c)  any other person.

             (7)  The reference in paragraph (5)(a) to reward does not include a reference to remuneration received in the capacity of employee.

             (8)  The Minister may make a written determination for the purposes of paragraph (5)(d).

Disallowable instrument

             (9)  An instrument under subsection (4) or (8) is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

88  Supply to the public

             (1)  This section sets out the circumstances in which a carriage service is taken, for the purposes of subsections 87(1), (2) and (3), to be supplied to the public.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a carriage service is used for the carriage of communications between 2 end‑users; and

                     (b)  each end‑user is outside the immediate circle of the supplier of the service;

the service is supplied to the public.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a carriage service is used to supply point‑to‑multipoint services to end‑users; and

                     (b)  at least one end‑user is outside the immediate circle of the supplier of the service;

the service is supplied to the public.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a carriage service is used to supply designated content services (other than point‑to‑multipoint services) to end‑users; and

                     (b)  at least one end‑user is outside the immediate circle of the supplier of the service;

the service is supplied to the public.

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, a designated content service is a content service of a kind specified in a written determination made by the Minister.

             (6)  A determination under subsection (5) is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

89  Exemption from definition—customers located on the same premises

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the supplier of a carriage service manages a business or other activity carried on at particular premises; and

                     (b)  that business or activity is the sole or principal use of the premises; and

                     (c)  all of the customers of the service are physically present on the premises;

subsections 87(1) and (2) do not apply to the carriage service.

             (2)  In this section:

premises includes:

                     (a)  land; and

                     (b)  a group of buildings that is located in the same vicinity.

90  Exemption from definition—defence

             (1)  If the sole or principal use of a carriage service is use by, or on behalf of, a defence organisation to carry communications necessary or desirable for defence purposes, subsections 87(1) and (2) do not apply to the service.

             (2)  In this section:

defence organisation means:

                     (a)  the Department of Defence; or

                     (b)  the Australian Defence Force; or

                     (c)  an organisation of a foreign country, so far as the organisation:

                              (i)  has functions corresponding to functions of, or of a part of, the Department of Defence or the Australian Defence Force; and

                             (ii)  is authorised by the Commonwealth to operate or train in Australia or an external Territory; or

                     (d)  a part of such an organisation or body.

91  Exemption from definition—intelligence operations

                   Subsections 87(1) and (2) do not apply to a carriage service that is used wholly or principally:

                     (a)  by the Australian Secret Intelligence Service; or

                     (b)  by the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation.

92  Exemption from definition—transport authorities

             (1)  Subsections 87(1) and (2) do not apply to a carriage service if the sole or principal use of the carriage service is use by Airservices Australia to carry communications necessary or desirable for the workings of aviation services.

             (3)  Subsections 87(1) and (2) do not apply to a carriage service if the sole or principal use of the unit is use by a State or Territory transport authority to carry communications necessary or desirable for the workings of the following services:

                     (a)  train services of a kind provided by the authority;

                     (b)  bus or other road services of a kind provided by the authority;

                     (c)  tram services of a kind provided by the authority.

             (4)  Subsections 87(1) and (2) do not apply to a carriage service if the sole or principal use of the carriage service is use by a rail corporation to carry communications necessary or desirable for the workings of train services.

             (5)  In this section:

rail corporation means a body corporate that manages or operates either or both of the following:

                     (a)  rail transport services;

                     (b)  rail transport infrastructure.

93  Exemption from definition—broadcasting services

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the sole or principal use of a carriage service is use to carry communications that are necessary or desirable for either or both of the following purposes:

                              (i)  the supply of broadcasting services to the public;

                             (ii)  the supply of a secondary carriage service by means of the main carrier signal of a primary broadcasting service; and

                     (b)  those communications are neither:

                              (i)  communications carried between the head end of a cable transmission system and the equipment used by an end‑user to receive a broadcasting service; nor

                             (ii)  communications carried from a broadcasting transmitter transmitting a signal of a broadcasting service to its intended audience;

subsections 87(1) and (2) do not apply to the carriage service.

             (2)  If the sole or principal use of a carriage service is use for the purpose of a re‑transmission of a kind mentioned in paragraph 212(1)(a) or (b) of the Broadcasting Services Act 1992, subsections 87(1) and (2) of this Act do not apply to the service.

          (2A)  For the purposes of this section, disregard subsection 212(3) of the Broadcasting Services Act 1992.

             (3)  In this section:

broadcasting transmitter means a radiocommunications transmitter used, or for use, to deliver a broadcasting service.

head end of a cable transmission system means a facility that:

                     (a)  is connected to a line link; and

                     (b)  is used, or for use, in connection with the delivery of a broadcasting service; and

                     (c)  processes signals for delivery by the line link to end‑users having equipment appropriate for receiving the service.

94  Exemption from definition—electricity supply bodies

             (1)  If the sole or principal use of a carriage service is use by an electricity supply body to carry communications necessary or desirable for:

                     (a)  managing the generation, transmission, distribution or supply of electricity; or

                     (b)  charging for the supply of electricity;

subsection 87(1) does not apply to the service.

             (2)  In this section:

electricity supply body means an authority, or a body corporate, that carries on a business, or performs a function, of:

                     (a)  generating, transmitting, distributing or supplying electricity; or

                     (b)  managing the generation, transmission, distribution or supply of electricity.

95  Exemption from definition—Ministerial determination

             (1)  The Minister may, by written instrument, determine that a specified eligible definition provision does not apply in relation to:

                     (a)  a specified carriage service; or

                     (b)  a specified person.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 46(2) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (2)  A determination under this section may be unconditional or subject to such conditions (if any) as are specified in the determination.

             (3)  A determination under this section has effect accordingly.

             (4)  A determination under this section is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, each of the following provisions is an eligible definition provision:

                     (a)  subsection 87(1);

                     (b)  subsection 87(2);

                     (c)  subsection 87(3);

                     (d)  subsection 87(5).

96  Exemption from certain regulatory provisions—Ministerial determination

             (1)  The Minister may, by written instrument, determine that a specified regulatory provision does not apply to a specified person in the person’s capacity as a designated carriage service provider. For this purpose, a designated carriage service provider is a person who is a carriage service provider under subsection 87(4) or (5).

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 46(2) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (2)  A determination under this section may be unconditional or subject to such conditions (if any) as are specified in the determination.

             (3)  A determination under this section has effect accordingly.

             (4)  A determination under this section is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, a regulatory provision is a provision of:

                     (a)  this Act; or

                     (b)  any other law of the Commonwealth;

that contains a reference to a carriage service provider or to carriage service providers.


 

Division 4Content service providers

97  Content service providers

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, if a person uses, or proposes to use, a listed carriage service to supply a content service to the public, the person is a content service provider.

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), a content service is supplied to the public if, and only if, at least one end‑user of the content service is outside the immediate circle of the supplier of the content service.


 

Division 5Service provider rules

98  Service provider rules

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, the following are the service provider rules:

                     (a)  the rules set out in Schedule 2;

                     (b)  the rules (if any) set out in service provider determinations in force under section 99.

             (2)  In addition to the rules mentioned in subsection (1), the rule set out in subsection 152BA(2) of the Trade Practices Act 1974 is a service provider rule for the purposes of this Act.

Note:          Subsection 152BA(2) of the Trade Practices Act 1974 provides that a carriage service provider must comply with any standard access obligations that are applicable to the provider.

99  Service provider determinations

             (1)  The ACMA may make a written determination setting out rules that apply to service providers in relation to the supply of either or both of the following:

                     (a)  specified carriage services;

                     (b)  specified content services.

The determination is called a service provider determination.

             (2)  A service provider determination has effect only to the extent that:

                     (a)  it is authorised by paragraph 51(v) of the Constitution (either alone or when read together with paragraph 51(xxxix) of the Constitution); or

                     (b)  both:

                              (i)  it is authorised by section 122 of the Constitution; and

                             (ii)  it would have been authorised by paragraph 51(v) of the Constitution (either alone or when read together with paragraph 51(xxxix) of the Constitution) if section 51 of the Constitution extended to the Territories.

             (3)  The ACMA must not make a service provider determination unless the determination relates to a matter specified in the regulations or in section 346.

             (4)  Before making a service provider determination, the ACMA must consult the ACCC.

             (5)  A service provider determination may make provision for or in relation to a particular matter by empowering the ACMA to make decisions of an administrative character.

             (6)  A service provider determination is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

100  Exemptions from service provider rules

             (1)  The Minister may, by written instrument, determine that a specified service provider is exempt from the service provider rules.

             (2)  The Minister may, by written instrument, determine that a specified service provider is exempt from a specified service provider rule.

             (3)  A determination under this section may be unconditional or subject to such conditions (if any) as are specified in the determination.

             (4)  A determination under this section has effect accordingly.

             (5)  A determination under this section is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

101  Service providers must comply with service provider rules

             (1)  A service provider must comply with the service provider rules that apply to the provider.

Note:          Service provider rules is defined by section 98.

             (2)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (1).

             (3)  Subsections (1) and (2) are civil penalty provisions.

Note:          Part 31 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.

102  Remedial directions—breach of service provider rules

             (1)  This section applies if a service provider has contravened, or is contravening, a service provider rule.

             (2)  The ACMA may give the provider a written direction requiring the provider to take specified action directed towards ensuring that the provider does not contravene the rule, or is unlikely to contravene the rule, in the future.

             (3)  The following are examples of the kinds of direction that may be given to a service provider under subsection (2):

                     (a)  a direction that the provider implement effective administrative systems for monitoring compliance with a service provider rule;

                     (b)  a direction that the provider implement a system designed to give the provider’s employees, agents and contractors a reasonable knowledge and understanding of the requirements of a service provider rule, in so far as those requirements affect the employees, agents or contractors concerned.

             (4)  A service provider must not contravene a direction under subsection (2).

             (5)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the rule set out in Part 1 of Schedule 2 in so far as that rule relates to section 369.

Note:          Section 369 deals with Rules of Conduct under section 367.

             (6)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the rule set out in subsection 152BA(2) of the Trade Practices Act 1974.

Note:          Subsection 152BA(2) of the Trade Practices Act 1974 provides that a carriage service provider must comply with any standard access obligations that are applicable to the provider.

             (7)  A direction under subsection (2) is not a legislative instrument for the purposes of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

103  Formal warnings—breach of service provider rules

             (1)  The ACMA may issue a formal warning if a person contravenes a service provider rule.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the rule set out in Part 1 of Schedule 2 in so far as that rule relates to section 369.

Note:          Section 369 deals with Rules of Conduct under section 367.

             (3)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the rule set out in subsection 152BA(2) of the Trade Practices Act 1974.

Note:          Subsection 152BA(2) of the Trade Practices Act 1974 provides that a carriage service provider must comply with any standard access obligations that are applicable to the provider.

             (4)  The ACCC may issue a formal warning if a person contravenes the service provider rule set out in subsection 152BA(2) of the Trade Practices Act 1974.

             (5)  The ACCC may issue a formal warning if a person contravenes the service provider rule set out in Part 1 of Schedule 2 in so far as that rule relates to section 369.


 

Part 5Monitoring of the performance of carriers and carriage service providers

  

104  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      The ACMA is to monitor, and report each year to the Minister on, significant matters relating to the performance of carriers and carriage service providers.

•      The ACMA may be directed by the Minister to monitor, and report on, specified matters relating to the performance of carriers and carriage service providers.

105  Monitoring of performance—annual report

             (1)  The ACMA must monitor, and report each financial year to the Minister on, all significant matters relating to the performance of:

                     (a)  carriers; and

                     (b)  carriage service providers;

with particular reference to:

                     (c)  consumer satisfaction; and

                     (d)  consumer benefits; and

                     (e)  quality of service.

             (2)  In performing its functions under subsection (1), the ACMA must have regard to such world best practice performance indicators as the ACMA considers appropriate. This subsection does not, by implication, limit subsection (1).

             (3)  A report under subsection (1) must set out details of the following matters:

                     (a)  the efficiency with which carriers and carriage service providers supply:

                              (i)  carriage services; or

                             (ii)  ancillary goods; or

                            (iii)  ancillary services;

                     (b)  the adequacy and quality of the:

                              (i)  carriage services; or

                             (ii)  billing services; or

                            (iii)  billing information services; or

                            (iv)  ancillary goods; or

                             (v)  ancillary services;

                            supplied by carriers or carriage service providers;

                     (c)  the adequacy of each carrier’s and each carriage service provider’s compliance with its obligations under Part 6;

                     (d)  the adequacy of each carrier’s and each carriage service provider’s compliance with:

                              (i)  codes registered under Part 6; and

                             (ii)  standards determined under Part 6;

                     (e)  the adequacy of compliance with obligations under Part 2 of the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999;

                    (ea)  the operation of Parts 2 and 5 of the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999;

                      (f)  such other matters relating to the performance of carriers or carriage service providers as the ACMA thinks appropriate.

             (4)  The ACMA must monitor, and report each financial year to the Minister on, the appropriateness and adequacy of the approaches taken by the carriage service providers in carrying out their obligations, and discharging their liabilities, under Part 5 of the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999.

             (5)  The ACMA must monitor, and report each financial year to the Minister on, the progress made by carriers and carriage service providers towards making a carriage service that provides digital data capability comparable to an ISDN channel available to all people in Australia.

          (5A)  The ACMA must monitor, and report each financial year to the Minister on, the operation of Parts 14 and 15 and on the costs of compliance with the requirements of those Parts.

             (6)  The ACMA must give a report under subsection (1), (4), (5) or (5A) to the Minister as soon as practicable after the end of the financial year concerned.

             (7)  The Minister must cause a copy of a report under subsection (1), (4), (5) or (5A) to be laid before each House of the Parliament within 15 sitting days of that House after receiving the report.

             (8)  In this section:

ancillary goods means goods for use in connection with a carriage service.

ancillary service means a service for use in connection with a carriage service.

105A  Monitoring of performance—additional report

             (1)  The ACMA must monitor, and report to the Minister on, specified matters relating to the performance of carriers and carriage service providers in accordance with any written direction given by the Minister to the ACMA.

             (2)  The ACMA must give a report under subsection (1) to the Minister:

                     (a)  if paragraph (b) does not apply—as soon as practicable after the end of a period specified in the direction; or

                     (b)  if the direction requires the report to be given before a specified time—before that time.


 

Part 6Industry codes and industry standards

Division 1Simplified outline

106  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part.

•      Bodies and associations that represent sections of the telecommunications industry, the e‑marketing industry or the telemarketing industry may develop industry codes.

•      Industry codes may be registered by the ACMA.

•      Compliance with an industry code is voluntary unless the ACMA directs a particular participant in the telecommunications industry, the e‑marketing industry or the telemarketing industry to comply with the code.

•      The ACMA has a reserve power to make an industry standard if there are no industry codes or if an industry code is deficient.

•      Compliance with industry standards is mandatory.


 

Division 2Interpretation

107  Industry codes

                   For the purposes of this Part, an industry code is a code developed under this Part (whether or not in response to a request under this Part).

108  Industry standards

                   For the purposes of this Part, an industry standard is a standard determined under this Part.

108A  Electronic messaging service provider

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, if a person supplies, or proposes to supply, an electronic messaging service to the public, the person is an electronic messaging service provider.

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), a service is supplied to the public if, and only if, at least one end‑user of the service is outside the immediate circle of the supplier of the service.

             (3)  In this section:

electronic message has the same meaning as in the Spam Act 2003.

electronic messaging service means a service that enables any or all of the following electronic messages to be sent or received:

                     (a)  web‑based e‑mail;

                     (b)  instant messages;

                     (c)  text messages;

                     (d)  messages of a kind specified in the regulations.

message has the same meaning as in the Spam Act 2003.

108B  Telecommunications industry

                   For the purposes of this Part, the telecommunications industry includes an industry that involves carrying on business as an electronic messaging service provider.

109  Telecommunications activity

                   For the purposes of this Part, a telecommunications activity is an activity that consists of:

                     (a)  carrying on business as a carrier; or

                     (b)  carrying on business as a carriage service provider; or

                     (c)  supplying goods or services for use in connection with the supply of a listed carriage service; or

                     (d)  supplying a content service using a listed carriage service; or

                     (e)  manufacturing or importing customer equipment or customer cabling; or

                      (f)  installing, maintaining, operating or providing access to:

                              (i)  a telecommunications network; or

                             (ii)  a facility;

                            used to supply a listed carriage service; or

                     (g)  carrying on business as an electronic messaging service provider.

109A  E‑marketing activity

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, an e‑marketing activity is an activity to which subsection (2) or (3) applies.

             (2)  This subsection applies to an activity that:

                     (a)  is carried on by a person (the first person) under a contract or arrangement (other than a contract of employment); and

                     (b)  consists of:

                              (i)  using commercial electronic messages to market, advertise or promote goods or services, where the first person is not the supplier or prospective supplier of the goods or services; or

                             (ii)  using commercial electronic messages to advertise or promote a supplier or prospective supplier of goods or services, where the first person is not the supplier or prospective supplier of the goods or services; or

                            (iii)  using commercial electronic messages to market, advertise or promote land or interests in land, where the first person is not the supplier or prospective supplier of the land or interests in land; or

                            (iv)  using commercial electronic messages to advertise or promote a supplier or prospective supplier of land or interests in land, where the first person is not the supplier or prospective supplier of the land or interests in land; or

                             (v)  using commercial electronic messages to market, advertise or promote business opportunities or investment opportunities, where the first person is not the provider or prospective provider of the business opportunities or investment opportunities; or

                            (vi)  using commercial electronic messages to advertise or promote a provider, or prospective provider, of business opportunities or investment opportunities, where the first person is not the provider or prospective provider of the business opportunities or investment opportunities.

             (3)  This subsection applies to an activity carried on by a person if:

                     (a)  the activity consists of using commercial electronic messages to market, advertise or promote goods or services; and

                     (b)  the person is the supplier or prospective supplier of the goods or services; and

                     (c)  the activity is the sole or principal means of marketing, advertising or promoting the goods or services.

             (4)  An expression used in this section and in section 6 of the Spam Act 2003 has the same meaning in this section as it has in that section.

109B  Telemarketing activity

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, a telemarketing activity is an activity to which subsection (2), (3) or (4) applies.

             (2)  This subsection applies to an activity that:

                     (a)  is carried on by a person (the first person) under a contract or arrangement (other than a contract of employment); and

                     (b)  consists of:

                              (i)  using telemarketing calls to market, advertise or promote goods or services, where the first person is not the supplier or prospective supplier of the goods or services; or

                             (ii)  using telemarketing calls to advertise or promote a supplier or prospective supplier of goods or services, where the first person is not the supplier or prospective supplier of the goods or services; or

                            (iii)  using telemarketing calls to market, advertise or promote land or interests in land, where the first person is not the supplier or prospective supplier of the land or interests in land; or

                            (iv)  using telemarketing calls to advertise or promote a supplier or prospective supplier of land or interests in land, where the first person is not the supplier or prospective supplier of the land or interests in land; or

                             (v)  using telemarketing calls to market, advertise or promote business opportunities or investment opportunities, where the first person is not the provider or prospective provider of the business opportunities or investment opportunities; or

                            (vi)  using telemarketing calls to advertise or promote a provider, or prospective provider, of business opportunities or investment opportunities, where the first person is not the provider or prospective provider of the business opportunities or investment opportunities.

             (3)  This subsection applies to an activity carried on by a person if the activity consists of:

                     (a)  using telemarketing calls to market, advertise or promote goods or services, where the person is the supplier or prospective supplier of the goods or services; or

                     (b)  using telemarketing calls to advertise or promote a supplier or prospective supplier of goods or services, where the person is the supplier or prospective supplier of the goods or services; or

                     (c)  using telemarketing calls to market, advertise or promote land or interests in land, where the person is the supplier or prospective supplier of the land or interests in land; or

                     (d)  using telemarketing calls to advertise or promote a supplier or prospective supplier of land or interests in land, where the person is the supplier or prospective supplier of the land or interests in land; or

                     (e)  using telemarketing calls to market, advertise or promote business opportunities or investment opportunities, where the person is the provider or prospective provider of the business opportunities or investment opportunities; or

                      (f)  using telemarketing calls to advertise or promote a provider, or prospective provider, of business opportunities or investment opportunities, where the person is the provider or prospective provider of the business opportunities or investment opportunities.

             (4)  This subsection applies to an activity carried on by a person if the activity consists of:

                     (a)  using telemarketing calls to solicit donations; or

                     (b)  using telemarketing calls to conduct opinion polling; or

                     (c)  using telemarketing calls to carry out standard questionnaire‑based research.

             (5)  An expression (other than telemarketing call) used in this section and in section 5 of the Do Not Call Register Act 2006 has the same meaning in this section as it has in that section.

110  Sections of the telecommunications industry

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, sections of the telecommunications industry are to be ascertained in accordance with this section.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Part, each of the following groups is a section of the telecommunications industry:

                     (a)  carriers;

                     (b)  service providers;

                     (c)  carriage service providers;

                     (d)  carriage service providers who supply standard telephone services;

                     (e)  carriage service providers who supply public mobile telecommunications services;

                      (f)  content service providers;

                     (g)  persons who perform cabling work (within the meaning of Division 9 of Part 21);

                     (h)  persons who manufacture or import customer equipment or customer cabling;

                      (i)  electronic messaging service providers.

             (3)  The ACMA may, by written instrument, determine that persons carrying on, or proposing to carry on, one or more specified kinds of telecommunications activity constitute a section of the telecommunications industry for the purposes of this Part.

             (4)  The section must be identified in the determination by a unique name and/or number.

             (5)  A determination under subsection (3) has effect accordingly.

             (6)  Sections of the telecommunications industry determined under subsection (3):

                     (a)  need not be mutually exclusive; and

                     (b)  may consist of the aggregate of any 2 or more sections of the telecommunications industry mentioned in subsection (2) or determined under subsection (3); and

                     (c)  may be subsets of a section of the telecommunications industry mentioned in subsection (2) or determined under subsection (3).

             (7)  Subsection (6) does not, by implication, limit subsection (3).

             (8)  A copy of a determination under subsection (3) is to be published in the Gazette.

110A  Sections of the e‑marketing industry

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, sections of the e‑marketing industry are to be ascertained in accordance with this section.

             (2)  If no determination is in force under subsection (3), all of the persons carrying on, or proposing to carry on, e‑marketing activities constitute a single section of the e‑marketing industry for the purposes of this Part.

             (3)  The ACMA may, by written instrument, determine that persons carrying on, or proposing to carry on, one or more specified kinds of e‑marketing activity constitute a section of the e‑marketing industry for the purposes of this Part.

             (4)  The section must be identified in the determination by a unique name and/or number.

             (5)  A determination under subsection (3) has effect accordingly.

             (6)  Sections of the e‑marketing industry determined under subsection (3):

                     (a)  need not be mutually exclusive; and

                     (b)  may consist of the aggregate of any 2 or more sections of the e‑marketing industry mentioned in subsection (2) or determined under subsection (3); and

                     (c)  may be subsets of a section of the e‑marketing industry mentioned in subsection (2) or determined under subsection (3).

             (7)  Subsection (6) does not, by implication, limit subsection (3).

             (8)  A copy of a determination under subsection (3) is to be published in the Gazette.

110B  Sections of the telemarketing industry

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, sections of the telemarketing industry are to be ascertained in accordance with this section.

             (2)  If no determination is in force under subsection (3), all of the persons carrying on, or proposing to carry on, telemarketing activities constitute a single section of the telemarketing industry for the purposes of this Part.

             (3)  The ACMA may, by legislative instrument, determine that persons carrying on, or proposing to carry on, one or more specified kinds of telemarketing activity constitute a section of the telemarketing industry for the purposes of this Part.

             (4)  The section must be identified in the determination by a unique name and/or number.

             (5)  A determination under subsection (3) has effect accordingly.

             (6)  Sections of the telemarketing industry determined under subsection (3):

                     (a)  need not be mutually exclusive; and

                     (b)  may consist of the aggregate of any 2 or more sections of the telemarketing industry mentioned in subsection (2) or determined under subsection (3); and

                     (c)  may be subsets of a section of the telemarketing industry mentioned in subsection (2) or determined under subsection (3).

             (7)  Subsection (6) does not, by implication, limit subsection (3).

111  Participants in a section of the telecommunications industry

                   For the purposes of this Part, if a person is a member of a group that constitutes a section of the telecommunications industry, the person is a participant in that section of the telecommunications industry.

111A  Participants in a section of the e‑marketing industry

                   For the purposes of this Part, if a person is a member of a group that constitutes a section of the e‑marketing industry, the person is a participant in that section of the e‑marketing industry.

111AA  Participants in a section of the telemarketing industry

                   For the purposes of this Part, if a person is a member of a group that constitutes a section of the telemarketing industry, the person is a participant in that section of the telemarketing industry.

111B  Unsolicited commercial electronic messages

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, an unsolicited commercial electronic message is a commercial electronic message that is sent:

                     (a)  without the consent of the relevant electronic account‑holder; or

                     (b)  to a non‑existent electronic address.

             (2)  An expression used in this section and in the Spam Act 2003 has the same meaning in this section as it has in that Act.


 

Division 3General principles relating to industry codes and industry standards

112  Statement of regulatory policy

             (1)  The Parliament intends that bodies or associations that the ACMA is satisfied represent sections of the telecommunications industry should develop codes (industry codes) that are to apply to participants in the respective sections of the industry in relation to the telecommunications activities of the participants.

          (1A)  The Parliament intends that bodies or associations that the ACMA is satisfied represent sections of the e‑marketing industry should develop codes (industry codes) that are to apply to participants in the respective sections of the industry in relation to the e‑marketing activities of the participants.

          (1B)  The Parliament intends that bodies or associations that the ACMA is satisfied represent sections of the telemarketing industry should develop codes (industry codes) that are to apply to participants in the respective sections of the industry in relation to the telemarketing activities of the participants.

             (2)  The Parliament intends that the ACMA, in exercising its powers under sections 117, 118, 119, 123, 124, 125 and 125A, will act in a manner that, in the opinion of the ACMA, enables public interest considerations to be addressed in a way that does not impose undue financial and administrative burdens on participants in sections of the telecommunications industry, the e‑marketing industry or the telemarketing industry.

             (3)  In determining whether public interest considerations are being addressed in a way that does not impose undue financial and administrative burdens on participants in sections of the telecommunications industry (other than electronic messaging service providers), the ACMA must have regard to:

                     (a)  the number of customers who would be likely to benefit from the code or standard concerned; and

                     (b)  the extent to which those customers are residential or small business customers; and

                     (c)  the legitimate business interests of participants in sections of the telecommunications industry; and

                     (d)  the public interest, including the public interest in the efficient, equitable and ecologically sustainable supply of:

                              (i)  carriage services; and

                             (ii)  goods for use in connection with carriage services; and

                            (iii)  services for use in connection with carriage services;

                            in a manner that reflects the legitimate expectations of the Australian community.

          (3A)  In determining whether public interest considerations are being addressed in a way that does not impose undue financial and administrative burdens on participants in the section of the telecommunications industry that consists of electronic messaging service providers, the ACMA must have regard to:

                     (a)  the number of end‑users who would be likely to benefit from the code or standard concerned; and

                     (b)  the extent to which those end‑users are residential or small business end‑users; and

                     (c)  the legitimate business interests of electronic messaging service providers.

          (3B)  In determining whether public interest considerations are being addressed in a way that does not impose undue financial and administrative burdens on participants in sections of the e‑marketing industry, the ACMA must have regard to:

                     (a)  the number of persons who would be likely to benefit from the code or standard concerned; and

                     (b)  the extent to which those persons are householders or small business operators; and

                     (c)  the legitimate business interests of participants in sections of the e‑marketing industry.

          (3C)  In determining whether public interest considerations are being addressed in a way that does not impose undue financial and administrative burdens on participants in sections of the telemarketing industry, the ACMA must have regard to:

                     (a)  the number of persons who would be likely to benefit from the code or standard concerned; and

                     (b)  the extent to which those persons are householders or small business operators; and

                     (c)  the legitimate business interests of participants in sections of the telemarketing industry.

             (4)  Subsections (3), (3A), (3B) and (3C) do not, by implication, limit the matters to which regard may be had.

113  Examples of matters that may be dealt with by industry codes and industry standards

             (1)  This section sets out examples of matters that may be dealt with by industry codes and industry standards.

             (2)  The applicability of a particular example will depend on which section of the telecommunications industry, the e‑marketing industry or the telemarketing industry is involved.

             (3)  The examples are as follows:

                     (a)  telling customers about:

                              (i)  goods or services on offer; and

                             (ii)  the prices of those goods or services; and

                            (iii)  the other terms and conditions on which those goods or services are offered;

                     (b)  giving customers information about performance indicators customers can use to evaluate the quality of services;

                     (c)  regular reporting to customers about performance against those performance indicators;

                     (d)  the internal handling of customer complaints;

                     (e)  reporting about customer complaints;

                      (f)  privacy and, in particular:

                              (i)  the protection of personal information; and

                             (ii)  the intrusive use of telecommunications by carriers or service providers; and

                            (iii)  the monitoring or recording of communications; and

                            (iv)  calling number display; and

                             (v)  the provision of directory products and services;

                     (g)  the “churning” of customers;

                     (h)  security deposits given by customers;

                      (i)  debt collection practices;

                      (j)  customer credit practices;

                     (k)  disconnection of customers;

                      (l)  ensuring that customers have an informed basis on which to enter into agreements of a kind mentioned in paragraph 22(2)(d) or (e) or (4)(a) (which deal with boundaries of telecommunications networks);

                    (m)  the quality of standard telephone services;

                     (n)  the accuracy of billing of customers of carriage service providers in relation to the supply of standard telephone services;

                     (o)  the timeliness and comprehensibility of bills;

                     (p)  the procedures to be followed in order to generate standard billing reports to assist in the investigation of customer complaints about bills;

                     (q)  procedures to be followed by:

                              (i)  Internet service providers; and

                             (ii)  electronic messaging service providers;

                            in dealing with unsolicited commercial electronic messages (including procedures relating to the provision or use of regularly updated software for filtering unsolicited commercial electronic messages);

                      (r)  giving customers information about the availability, use and appropriate application of software for filtering unsolicited commercial electronic messages;

                      (s)  action to be taken to assist in the development and evaluation of software for filtering unsolicited commercial electronic messages;

                      (t)  action to be taken in order to minimise or prevent the sending or delivery of unsolicited commercial electronic messages, including:

                              (i)  the configuration of servers so as to minimise or prevent the sending or delivery of unsolicited commercial electronic messages; and

                             (ii)  the shutdown of open relay servers;

                     (u)  action to be taken to ensure responsible practices in relation to the use of commercial electronic messages to market, advertise or promote goods or services to individuals who are under 18 years of age;

                     (v)  procedures to be followed in relation to the giving of consent by relevant electronic account‑holders (within the meaning of the Spam Act 2003) to the sending of commercial electronic messages;

                    (w)  record‑keeping practices to be followed in relation to telemarketing calls made or attempted to be made;

                     (x)  action to be taken to limit the total number of telemarketing calls attempted to be made, by a particular participant in a section of the telemarketing industry, during a particular period, where the recipient answers the attempted call, but the attempted call does not have any content;

                     (y)  action to be taken to limit the total number of telemarketing calls made, or attempted to be made, by a particular participant in a section of the telemarketing industry, during a particular period to a particular telephone number.

114  Industry codes and industry standards may confer powers on the Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman

             (1)  If the Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman consents, an industry code or industry standard may confer functions and powers on the Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman.

             (2)  The continuity of a consent under subsection (1) is not affected by:

                     (a)  a change in the occupancy of the position of Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman; or

                     (b)  a vacancy in the position of Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman that does not continue for more than 4 months.

115  Industry codes and industry standards not to deal with certain design features and performance requirements

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, an industry code or an industry standard has no effect:

                     (a)  to the extent (if any) to which compliance with the code or standard is likely to have the effect (whether direct or indirect) of requiring customer equipment, customer cabling, a telecommunications network or a facility:

                              (i)  to have particular design features; or

                             (ii)  to meet particular performance requirements; or

                     (b)  to the extent (if any) to which it deals with the content of content services.

             (2)  The rule in subsection (1) does not apply to an industry code or an industry standard to the extent (if any) to which compliance with the code or standard is likely:

                     (a)  to have the indirect effect of requiring customer equipment, customer cabling, a telecommunications network or a facility to have particular design features that relate to:

                              (i)  the accuracy of billing of customers of carriage service providers in relation to the supply of standard telephone services; or

                             (ii)  the quality of standard telephone services; or

                            (iii)  a matter specified in the regulations; or

                     (b)  to have the direct or indirect effect of requiring customer equipment, customer cabling, a telecommunications network or a facility to meet performance requirements that relate to:

                              (i)  the accuracy of billing of customers of carriage service providers in relation to the supply of standard telephone services; or

                             (ii)  the quality of standard telephone services; or

                            (iii)  a matter specified in the regulations.

             (3)  The rule in subsection (1) does not apply to an industry code or an industry standard to the extent (if any) to which the code or standard deals with a matter referred to in paragraph 113(3)(f) or (t).

             (4)  The rule in subsection (1) does not apply to an industry code made for the purposes of Division 2AA of Part V of the Copyright Act 1968.

116  Industry codes and industry standards not to deal with matters dealt with by codes and standards under Part 9 of the Broadcasting Services Act

                   For the purposes of this Part, an industry code or an industry standard that deals with a matter relating to a content service has no effect to the extent (if any) to which the matter is dealt with by a code registered, or standard determined, under Part 9 of the Broadcasting Services Act 1992.

116A  Industry codes and standards do not affect Privacy Act 1988

                   Neither an industry code nor an industry standard derogates from a requirement made by or under the Privacy Act 1988 or an approved privacy code (as defined in that Act).


 

Division 4Industry codes

117  Registration of industry codes

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  the ACMA is satisfied that a body or association represents a particular section of the telecommunications industry, the e‑marketing industry or the telemarketing industry; and

                     (b)  that body or association develops an industry code that applies to participants in that section of the industry and deals with one or more matters relating to the telecommunications activities, e‑marketing activities or telemarketing activities, as the case may be, of those participants; and

                     (c)  the body or association gives a copy of the code to the ACMA; and

                     (d)  the ACMA is satisfied that:

                              (i)  in a case where the code deals with matters of substantial relevance to the community—the code provides appropriate community safeguards for the matters covered by the code; or

                             (ii)  in a case where the code does not deal with matters of substantial relevance to the community—the code deals with the matters covered by the code in an appropriate manner; and

                     (e)  the ACMA is satisfied that, before giving the copy of the code to the ACMA:

                              (i)  the body or association published a draft of the code and invited participants in that section of the industry to make submissions to the body or association about the draft within a specified period; and

                             (ii)  the body or association gave consideration to any submissions that were received from participants in that section of the industry within that period; and

                      (f)  the ACMA is satisfied that, before giving the copy of the code to the ACMA:

                              (i)  the body or association published a draft of the code and invited members of the public to make submissions to the body or association about the draft within a specified period; and

                             (ii)  the body or association gave consideration to any submissions that were received from members of the public within that period; and

                     (g)  the ACMA is satisfied that the ACCC has been consulted about the development of the code; and

                     (h)  except in a case where the code applies to participants in a section of the telemarketing industry and deals with one or more matters relating to the telemarketing activities of those participants—the ACMA is satisfied that the Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman has been consulted about the development of the code; and

                      (i)  the ACMA is satisfied that at least one body or association that represents the interests of consumers has been consulted about the development of the code; and

                      (j)  in a case where the code deals with a matter set out in paragraph 113(3)(f)—the ACMA is satisfied that the Privacy Commissioner has been consulted by the body or association about the development of the code before the body or association gave the copy of the code to the ACMA; and

                     (k)  the ACMA has consulted the Privacy Commissioner about the code and consequently believes that he or she is satisfied with the code, if the code deals directly or indirectly with a matter dealt with by:

                              (i)  the National Privacy Principles (as defined in the Privacy Act 1988); or

                             (ii)  other provisions of that Act that relate to those Principles; or

                            (iii)  an approved privacy code (as defined in that Act) that binds a participant in that section of the telecommunications industry, the e‑marketing industry or the telemarketing industry; or

                            (iv)  provisions of that Act that relate to the approved privacy code.

             (2)  The ACMA must register the code by including it in the Register of industry codes kept under section 136.

             (3)  A period specified under subparagraph (1)(e)(i) or (1)(f)(i) must run for at least 30 days.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  an industry code (the new code) is registered under this Part; and

                     (b)  the new code is expressed to replace another industry code;

the other code ceases to be registered under this Part when the new code is registered.

Note:          An industry code also ceases to be registered when it is removed from the Register of industry codes under section 122A.

118  ACMA may request codes

             (1)  If the ACMA is satisfied that a body or association represents a particular section of the telecommunications industry, the e‑marketing industry or the telemarketing industry, the ACMA may, by written notice given to the body or association, request the body or association to:

                     (a)  develop an industry code that applies to participants in that section of the industry and deals with one or more specified matters relating to the telecommunications activities, e‑marketing activities or telemarketing activities, as the case may be, of those participants; and

                     (b)  give the ACMA a copy of the code within the period specified in the notice.

Note:          The ACMA may request the body or association to develop the industry code to replace an earlier industry code that the Privacy Commissioner (exercising functions under the Privacy Act 1988) has advised the ACMA is inconsistent with the National Privacy Principles or a relevant approved privacy code (as defined in that Act).

             (2)  The period specified in a notice under subsection (1) must run for at least 120 days.

             (3)  The ACMA must not make a request under subsection (1) in relation to a particular section of the telecommunications industry, the e‑marketing industry or the telemarketing industry unless the ACMA is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the development of the code is necessary or convenient in order to:

                              (i)  provide appropriate community safeguards; or

                             (ii)  otherwise deal with the performance or conduct of participants in that section of the industry; and

                     (b)  in the absence of the request, it is unlikely that an industry code would be developed within a reasonable period.

             (4)  The ACMA must not make a request under subsection (1) in relation to a code if:

                     (a)  the code would deal with a matter referred to in paragraph 113(3)(f) (which relates to privacy); and

                     (b)  compliance with the code would be likely to have the effect (whether direct or indirect) of requiring customer equipment, customer cabling, a telecommunications network or a facility:

                              (i)  to have particular design features; or

                             (ii)  to meet particular performance requirements.

However, this rule does not apply if the ACMA is satisfied that the benefits to the community from the operation of the code would outweigh the costs of compliance with the code.

          (4A)  The ACMA must consult the Privacy Commissioner before making a request under subsection (1) for the development of an industry code that could reasonably be expected to deal directly or indirectly with a matter dealt with by:

                     (a)  the National Privacy Principles (as defined in the Privacy Act 1988); or

                     (b)  other provisions of that Act relating to those Principles; or

                     (c)  an approved privacy code (as defined in that Act) that binds one or more participants in the section of the telecommunications industry, the e‑marketing industry or the telemarketing industry to which the request relates; or

                     (d)  provisions of that Act that relate to the approved privacy code.

             (5)  The ACMA may vary a notice under subsection (1) by extending the period specified in the notice.

             (6)  Subsection (5) does not, by implication, limit the application of subsection 33(3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (7)  A notice under subsection (1) may specify indicative targets for achieving progress in the development of the code (for example, a target of 60 days to develop a preliminary draft of the code).

119  Publication of notice where no body or association represents a section of the telecommunications industry, the e‑marketing industry or the telemarketing industry

             (1)  If the ACMA is satisfied that a particular section of the telecommunications industry, the e‑marketing industry or the telemarketing industry is not represented by a body or association, the ACMA may publish a notice in the Gazette:

                     (a)  stating that, if such a body or association were to come into existence within a specified period, the ACMA would be likely to give a notice to that body or association under subsection 118(1); and

                     (b)  setting out the matter or matters relating to telecommunications activities, e‑marketing activities or telemarketing activities, as the case may be, that would be likely to be specified in the subsection 118(1) notice.

             (2)  The period specified in a notice under subsection (1) must run for at least 60 days.

120  Replacement of industry codes

             (1)  Changes to an industry code are to be achieved by replacing the code instead of varying the code. However, this does not prevent the ACMA from removing under section 122A an industry code, or a provision of an industry code, from the Register of industry codes kept under this Part.

             (2)  If the replacement code differs only in minor respects from the original code, section 117 has effect, in relation to the registration of the code, as if paragraphs 117(1)(e) and (f) had not been enacted.

Note:          Paragraphs 117(1)(e) and (f) deal with submissions about draft codes.

121  Directions about compliance with industry codes

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person is a participant in a particular section of the telecommunications industry, the e‑marketing industry or the telemarketing industry; and

                     (b)  the ACMA is satisfied that the person has contravened or is contravening an industry code that:

                              (i)  is registered under this Part; and

                             (ii)  applies to participants in that section of the industry;

the ACMA may, by written notice given to the person, direct the person to comply with the industry code.

          (1A)  If the ACMA is satisfied that the contravention of the industry code relates directly or indirectly to a matter dealt with by the National Privacy Principles (as defined in the Privacy Act 1988) or by an approved privacy code (as defined in that Act), the ACMA must consult the Privacy Commissioner before giving the direction.

          (1B)  If:

                     (a)  at a time when an industry code (the original code) was registered under this Part, a direction could have been given to a person under subsection (1) in respect of the original code; and

                     (b)  the original code has been replaced by another code that is registered under this Part; and

                     (c)  the person could have been given a direction under subsection (1) in respect of the replacement code, if the conduct concerned had occurred after the replacement code was registered;

then, during the period when the replacement code is registered under this Part, the person may be given a direction under subsection (1) in respect of the replacement code.

             (2)  A person must comply with a direction under subsection (1).

             (3)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (2); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (2); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (2); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (2).

             (4)  Subsections (2) and (3) are civil penalty provisions.

Note:          Part 31 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.

             (5)  A direction under subsection (1) is not a legislative instrument for the purposes of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

122  Formal warnings—breach of industry codes

             (1)  This section applies to a person who is a participant in a particular section of the telecommunications industry, the e‑marketing industry or the telemarketing industry.

             (2)  The ACMA may issue a formal warning if the person contravenes an industry code registered under this Part.

             (3)  If the ACMA is satisfied that the contravention of the industry code relates directly or indirectly to a matter dealt with by the National Privacy Principles (as defined in the Privacy Act 1988) or by an approved privacy code (as defined in that Act), the ACMA must consult the Privacy Commissioner before issuing the warning.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  at a time when an industry code (the original code) was registered under this Part, a formal warning could have been given to a person under subsection (2) in respect of the original code; and

                     (b)  the original code has been replaced by another code that is registered under this Part; and

                     (c)  the person could have been given a formal warning under subsection (2) in respect of the replacement code, if the conduct concerned had occurred after the replacement code was registered;

then, during the period when the replacement code is registered under this Part, the person may be given a formal warning under subsection (2) in respect of the replacement code.

122A  De‑registering industry codes and provisions of industry codes

             (1)  The ACMA may remove from the Register of industry codes kept under section 136:

                     (a)  an industry code; or

                     (b)  a provision of an industry code.

             (2)  An industry code ceases to be registered when it is removed from the Register.

             (3)  If the ACMA removes a provision of an industry code from the Register, this Part has effect in relation to things occurring after the removal of the provision as if the code registered under this Part did not include the provision removed.


 

Division 5Industry standards

123  ACMA may determine an industry standard if a request for an industry code is not complied with

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  the ACMA has made a request under subsection 118(1) in relation to the development of a code that is to:

                              (i)  apply to participants in a particular section of the telecommunications industry, the e‑marketing industry or the telemarketing industry; and

                             (ii)  deal with one or more matters relating to the telecommunications activities or, e‑marketing activities or telemarketing activities, as the case may be, of those participants; and

                     (b)  any of the following conditions is satisfied:

                              (i)  the request is not complied with;

                             (ii)  if indicative targets for achieving progress in the development of the code were specified in the notice of request—any of those indicative targets were not met;

                            (iii)  the request is complied with, but the ACMA subsequently refuses to register the code; and

                     (c)  the ACMA is satisfied that it is necessary or convenient for the ACMA to determine a standard in order to:

                              (i)  provide appropriate community safeguards in relation to that matter or those matters; or

                             (ii)  otherwise regulate adequately participants in that section of the industry in relation to that matter or those matters.

             (2)  The ACMA may, by written instrument, determine a standard that applies to participants in that section of the industry and deals with that matter or those matters. A standard under this subsection is to be known as an industry standard.

             (3)  Before determining an industry standard under this section, the ACMA must consult the body or association to whom the request mentioned in paragraph (1)(a) was made.

             (4)  A standard under subsection (2) is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

124  ACMA may determine industry standard where no industry body or association formed

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  the ACMA is satisfied that a particular section of the telecommunications industry, the e‑marketing industry or the telemarketing industry is not represented by a body or association; and

                     (b)  the ACMA has published a notice under subsection 119(1) relating to that section of the industry; and

                     (c)  that notice:

                              (i)  states that, if such a body or association were to come into existence within a particular period, the ACMA would be likely to give a notice to that body or association under subsection 118(1); and

                             (ii)  sets out one or more matters relating to the telecommunications activities, e‑marketing activities or telemarketing activities, as the case may be, of the participants in that section of the industry; and

                     (d)  no such body or association comes into existence within that period; and

                     (e)  the ACMA is satisfied that it is necessary or convenient for the ACMA to determine a standard in order to:

                              (i)  provide appropriate community safeguards in relation to that matter or those matters; or

                             (ii)  otherwise regulate adequately participants in that section of the industry in relation to that matter or those matters.

             (2)  The ACMA may, by written instrument, determine a standard that applies to participants in that section of the industry and deals with that matter or those matters. A standard under this subsection is to be known as an industry standard.

             (3)  A standard under subsection (2) is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

125  ACMA may determine industry standards where industry codes fail

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  an industry code that:

                              (i)  applies to participants in a particular section of the telecommunications industry, the e‑marketing industry or the telemarketing industry; and

                             (ii)  deals with one or more matters relating to the telecommunications activities, e‑marketing activities or telemarketing activities, as the case may be, of those participants;

                            has been registered under this Part for at least 180 days; and

                     (b)  the ACMA is satisfied that the code is deficient (as defined by subsection (7)); and

                     (c)  the ACMA has given the body or association that developed the code a written notice requesting that deficiencies in the code be addressed within a specified period; and

                     (d)  that period ends and the ACMA is satisfied that it is necessary or convenient for the ACMA to determine a standard that applies to participants in that section of the industry and deals with that matter or those matters.

             (2)  The period specified in a notice under paragraph (1)(c) must run for at least 30 days.

             (3)  The ACMA may, by written instrument, determine a standard that applies to participants in that section of the industry and deals with that matter or those matters. A standard under this subsection is to be known as an industry standard.

             (4)  If the ACMA is satisfied that a body or association represents that section of the industry, the ACMA must consult the body or association before determining an industry standard under subsection (3).

             (5)  A standard under subsection (3) is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (6)  The industry code ceases to be registered under this Part on the day on which the industry standard comes into force.

             (7)  For the purposes of this section, an industry code that applies to participants in a particular section of the telecommunications industry, the e‑marketing industry or the telemarketing industry and deals with one or more matters relating to the telecommunications activities, e‑marketing activities or telemarketing activities, as the case may be, of those participants is deficient if, and only if:

                     (a)  the code is not operating to provide appropriate community safeguards in relation to that matter or those matters; or

                     (b)  the code is not otherwise operating to regulate adequately participants in that section of the industry in relation to that matter or those matters.

125A  ACMA must determine certain industry standards relating to the telemarketing industry

             (1)  Before the commencement of Part 2 of the Do Not Call Register Act 2006, the ACMA must, by legislative instrument, determine a standard that:

                     (a)  applies to participants in each section of the telemarketing industry; and

                     (b)  deals with the following matters relating to the telemarketing activities of those participants:

                              (i)  restricting the hours and/or days during which telemarketing calls may be made or attempted to be made;

                             (ii)  requiring that a telemarketing call must contain specified information about the relevant participant;

                            (iii)  requiring that, if a person other than the relevant participant caused a telemarketing call to be made, the call must contain specified information about the person who caused the call to be made;

                            (iv)  requiring the relevant participant to terminate a telemarketing call if a specified event happens;

                             (v)  requiring the relevant participant to ensure that calling line identification is enabled in respect of the making of a telemarketing call; and

                     (c)  is expressed to commence at the same time as the commencement of Part 2 of the Do Not Call Register Act 2006.

             (2)  A standard under subsection (1) is to be known as an industry standard.

             (3)  If the ACMA is satisfied that a body or association represents a section of the telemarketing industry, the ACMA must consult the body or association before determining a standard under subsection (1).

             (4)  The ACMA must ensure that a standard is in force under subsection (1) at all times after the commencement of Part 2 of the Do Not Call Register Act 2006.

126  Industry standards not to be determined for certain privacy matters

                   The ACMA must not determine an industry standard if:

                     (a)  the standard would deal with a matter referred to in paragraph 113(3)(f) (which relates to privacy); and

                     (b)  compliance with the standard would be likely to have the effect (whether direct or indirect) of requiring customer equipment, customer cabling, a telecommunications network or a facility:

                              (i)  to have particular design features; or

                             (ii)  to meet particular performance requirements.

However, this rule does not apply if the ACMA is satisfied that the benefits to the community from the operation of the standard would outweigh the costs of compliance with the standard.

127  Industry standards not to be determined during the first 180 days after commencement

                   The ACMA must not determine an industry standard during the first 180 days after the commencement of this section.

128  Compliance with industry standards

             (1)  If an industry standard that applies to participants in a particular section of the telecommunications industry, the e‑marketing industry or the telemarketing industry is registered under this Part, each participant in that section of the industry must comply with the standard.

             (2)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (1).

             (3)  Subsections (1) and (2) are civil penalty provisions.

Note:          Part 31 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.

129  Formal warnings—breach of industry standards

             (1)  This section applies to a person who is a participant in a particular section of the telecommunications industry, the e‑marketing industry or the telemarketing industry.

             (2)  The ACMA may issue a formal warning if the person contravenes an industry standard registered under this Part.

130  Variation of industry standards

             (1)  The ACMA may, by written instrument, vary an industry standard that applies to participants in a particular section of the telecommunications industry, the e‑marketing industry or the telemarketing industry if it is satisfied that it is necessary or convenient to do so to:

                     (a)  provide appropriate community safeguards in relation to one or more matters relating to the telecommunications activities, e‑marketing activities or telemarketing activities, as the case may be, of those participants; and

                     (b)  otherwise regulate adequately those participants in relation to one or more matters relating to the telecommunications activities, e‑marketing activities or telemarketing activities, as the case may be, of those participants.

Note:          The ACMA may be satisfied that it is necessary or convenient to vary an industry standard that is inconsistent with the National Privacy Principles or an approved privacy code (as defined in the Privacy Act 1988), following advice given by the Privacy Commissioner in the exercise of his or her functions under that Act.

             (2)  An instrument under subsection (1) is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

131  Revocation of industry standards

             (1)  The ACMA may, by written instrument, revoke an industry standard.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  an industry code is registered under this Part; and

                     (b)  the code is expressed to replace an industry standard;

the industry standard is revoked when the code is registered.

             (3)  An instrument under subsection (1) is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

132  Public consultation on industry standards

             (1)  Before determining or varying an industry standard, the ACMA must:

                     (a)  cause to be published in a newspaper circulating in each State a notice:

                              (i)  stating that the ACMA has prepared a draft of the industry standard or variation; and

                             (ii)  stating that free copies of the draft will be made available to members of the public during normal office hours throughout the period specified in the notice; and

                            (iii)  specifying the place or places where the copies will be available; and

                            (iv)  inviting interested persons to give written comments about the draft to the ACMA within the period specified under subparagraph (ii); and

                     (b)  make copies of the draft available in accordance with the notice.

             (2)  The period specified under subparagraph (1)(a)(ii) must run for at least 30 days after the publication of the notice.

             (3)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a variation if the variation is of a minor nature.

             (4)  If interested persons have given comments in accordance with a notice under subsection (1), the ACMA must have due regard to those comments in determining or varying the industry standard, as the case may be.

             (5)  In this section:

State includes the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory.

133  Consultation with ACCC and the Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman

             (1)  Before determining or varying an industry standard, the ACMA must consult the ACCC.

          (1A)  Before determining or varying an industry standard (other than an industry standard under section 125A), the ACMA must consult the Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman.

             (2)  Before revoking an industry standard under subsection 131(1), the ACMA must consult the ACCC and the Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman.

134  Consultation with Privacy Commissioner

             (1)  This section applies to an industry standard that deals with a matter set out in paragraph 113(3)(f), including a matter dealt with by:

                     (a)  the National Privacy Principles (as defined in the Privacy Act 1988); or

                     (b)  other provisions of that Act relating to those Principles; or

                     (c)  an approved privacy code (as defined in that Act); or

                     (d)  provisions of that Act that relate to an approved privacy code.

             (2)  Before determining or varying the industry standard, the ACMA must consult the Privacy Commissioner.

             (3)  Before revoking the industry standard under subsection 131(1), the ACMA must consult the Privacy Commissioner.

135  Consultation with consumer body

             (1)  Before determining or varying an industry standard, the ACMA must consult at least one body or association that represents the interests of consumers.

             (2)  Before revoking an industry standard under subsection 131(1), the ACMA must consult at least one body or association that represents the interests of consumers.

135A  Consultation with the States and Territories

                   Before determining or varying an industry standard under section 125A, the ACMA must consult:

                     (a)  each State; and

                     (b)  the Australian Capital Territory; and

                     (c)  the Northern Territory.


 

Division 6Register of industry codes and industry standards

136  ACMA to maintain Register of industry codes and industry standards

             (1)  The ACMA is to maintain a Register in which the ACMA includes:

                     (a)  all industry codes required to be registered under this Part; and

                     (b)  all industry standards; and

                     (c)  all requests made under section 118; and

                     (d)  all notices under section 119; and

                     (e)  all directions given under section 121.

          (1A)  Paragraph (1)(a) does not require the ACMA to continue to include in the Register an industry code, or a provision of an industry code, removed from the Register under section 122A.

             (2)  The Register may be maintained by electronic means.

             (3)  A person may, on payment of the charge (if any) fixed by a determination under section 60 of the Australian Communications and Media Authority Act 2005:

                     (a)  inspect the Register; and

                     (b)  make a copy of, or take extracts from, the Register.

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, if the Register is maintained by electronic means, a person is taken to have made a copy of, or taken an extract from, the Register if the ACMA gives the person a printout of, or of the relevant parts of, the Register.

             (5)  If a person requests that a copy be provided in an electronic form, the ACMA may provide the relevant information:

                     (a)  on a data processing device; or

                     (b)  by way of electronic transmission.


 

Division 6AReimbursement of costs of development of consumer‑related industry codes

136A  Application for eligibility for reimbursement of costs of development of consumer‑related industry code

             (1)  If a body or association proposes to develop an industry code that:

                     (a)  applies to participants in a particular section of the telecommunications industry; and

                     (b)  deals with one or more matters relating to the telecommunications activities of those participants; and

                     (c)  deals wholly or mainly with one or more matters relating to the relationship between carriage service providers and their retail customers;

the body or association may apply to the ACMA for a declaration that the body or association is eligible for reimbursement of refundable costs incurred by it in developing the code.

Note:          For refundable cost, see section 136E.

Form of application etc.

             (2)  An application must be:

                     (a)  in writing; and

                     (b)  in accordance with the form approved in writing by the ACMA; and

                     (c)  accompanied by:

                              (i)  an estimate of the total of the refundable costs likely to be incurred by the body or association in developing the code; and

                             (ii)  a statement breaking down that estimate into categories of refundable costs.

Further information

             (3)  The ACMA may, within 20 business days after an application is made, request the applicant to give the ACMA, within the period specified in the request, further information about the application.

             (4)  The ACMA may refuse to consider the application until the applicant gives the ACMA the information.

Definition

             (5)  In this section:

business day means a day on which the ACMA is open for business in the Australian Capital Territory and in Victoria.

136B  Declaration of eligibility for reimbursement of costs of development of consumer‑related industry code

             (1)  If a body or association makes an application under subsection 136A(1) for a declaration in relation to a code, the ACMA must make the declaration if it is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the body or association represents the section of the telecommunications industry referred to in paragraph 136A(1)(a); and

                     (b)  the code will deal wholly or mainly with one or more matters relating to the relationship between carriage service providers and their retail customers; and

                     (c)  the process for developing the code, as outlined in the application, is likely to ensure that the interests of those retail customers are adequately represented in relation to the development of the code; and

                     (d)  the total of the refundable costs likely to be incurred by the body or association in developing the code, as set out in the estimate that accompanied the application, is reasonable.

             (2)  If the ACMA is not satisfied as to the matters set out in subsection (1), the ACMA must, by written notice given to the applicant, refuse to make the declaration.

             (3)  A declaration under this section is irrevocable, and remains in force for 2 years.

             (4)  A declaration under this section is not a legislative instrument for the purposes of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

136C  Reimbursement of costs of developing consumer‑related industry code

Reimbursement of costs

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a section 136B declaration was made in relation to the development of an industry code by a body or association; and

                     (b)  when the section 136B declaration was in force, the body or association gave a copy of the code to the ACMA under section 117; and

                     (c)  the ACMA is satisfied that the code deals wholly or mainly with one or more matters relating to the relationship between carriage service providers and their retail customers; and

                     (d)  the ACMA is satisfied that the process for the development of the code ensured that the interests of those retail customers were adequately represented in relation to the development of the code; and

                     (e)  the copy of the code was accompanied by:

                              (i)  a written statement itemising one or more costs incurred by the body or association in developing the code; and

                             (ii)  a written claim for reimbursement of those costs; and

                            (iii)  a written declaration by an approved auditor that he or she is of the opinion that the subparagraph (i) statement complies with the approved auditing requirements; and

                            (iv)  a written statement describing the process for the development of the code; and

                      (f)  the ACMA is satisfied that each of the costs itemised in the subparagraph (e)(i) statement:

                              (i)  is a refundable cost incurred by the body or association in developing the code; and

                             (ii)  was incurred when the section 136B declaration was in force;

the ACMA must, by written notice given to the body or association, determine that the body or association is entitled to be paid a specified amount.

Note:          For refundable cost, see section 136E.

             (2)  The specified amount must be equal to whichever is the lesser of the following:

                     (a)  the total of the costs itemised in the subparagraph (1)(e)(i) statement;

                     (b)  the estimate that accompanied the application for the section 136B declaration.

             (3)  The ACMA, on behalf of the Commonwealth, must pay the specified amount to the body or association within 30 days after the day on which the body or association was notified under subsection (1) of its entitlement to be paid that amount.

             (4)  The Consolidated Revenue Fund is appropriated for payments under this section.

Approved auditors and approved auditing requirements

             (5)  The ACMA may make a written determination specifying:

                     (a)  the persons who are to be approved auditors for the purposes of this section; and

                     (b)  the requirements that are to be approved auditing requirements for the purposes of this section.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 13(3) of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

             (6)  A determination under subsection (5) has effect accordingly.

             (7)  A determination under subsection (5) is a legislative instrument for the purposes of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

136D  Costs—transactions between persons not at arm’s length

                   If:

                     (a)  a body or association has incurred a cost in connection with a transaction where the parties to the transaction are not dealing with each other at arm’s length in relation to the transaction; and

                     (b)  apart from this section, the cost is counted for the purposes of the application of this Division to the body or association; and

                     (c)  the amount of the cost is greater than is reasonable;

the amount of the cost is taken, for the purposes of the application of this Division in relation to the body or association, to be the amount that would have been reasonable if the parties were dealing with each other at arm’s length.

136E  Refundable cost

             (1)  For the purposes of this Division, a refundable cost incurred by a body or association in developing a code is a cost incurred by the body or association in developing the code other than a cost specified in a written determination made by the ACMA under this subsection.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 13(3) of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

             (2)  A determination under subsection (1) is a legislative instrument for the purposes of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.


 

Division 7Miscellaneous

137  Protection from civil proceedings

                   Civil proceedings do not lie against:

                     (a)  an Internet service provider; or

                     (b)  an electronic messaging service provider;

in respect of anything done by the provider in connection with:

                     (c)  an industry code registered under this Part; or

                     (d)  an industry standard;

in so far as the code or standard deals with the procedures referred to in paragraph 113(3)(q).

138  Implied freedom of political communication

                   This Part does not apply to the extent (if any) that it would infringe any constitutional doctrine of implied freedom of political communication.

139  Agreements for the carrying on of telemarketing activities must require compliance with this Part

             (1)  A person (the first person) must not enter into a contract or arrangement, or arrive at an understanding, with another person, if:

                     (a)  under the contract, arrangement or understanding, the other person undertakes to carry on one or more telemarketing activities; and

                     (b)  the contract, arrangement or understanding does not contain an express provision to the effect that the other person will comply with this Part in relation to the telemarketing activities covered by the contract, arrangement or understanding.

Ancillary contraventions

             (2)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (1).

Civil penalty provisions

             (3)  Subsections (1) and (2) are civil penalty provisions.

Note:          Part 31 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.

Validity of contracts, arrangements or understandings

             (4)  A failure to comply with subsection (1) does not affect the validity of any contract, arrangement or understanding.


 

Part 13Protection of communications

Division 1Introduction

270  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      Carriers, carriage service providers, number‑database operators, emergency call persons and their respective associates must protect the confidentiality of information that relates to:

               (a)     the contents of communications that have been, or are being, carried by carriers or carriage service providers; and

               (b)     carriage services supplied by carriers and carriage service providers; and

               (c)     the affairs or personal particulars of other persons.

•      The disclosure or use of protected information is authorised in limited circumstances (for example, disclosure or use for purposes relating to the enforcement of the criminal law).

•      An authorised recipient of protected information may only disclose or use the information for an authorised purpose.

•      Certain record‑keeping requirements are imposed in relation to authorised disclosures or uses of information.

271  Eligible person

                   For the purposes of this Part, an eligible person is a person who is:

                     (a)  a carrier; or

                     (b)  a carriage service provider; or

                     (c)  an employee of a carrier; or

                     (d)  an employee of a carriage service provider; or

                     (e)  a telecommunications contractor; or

                      (f)  an employee of a telecommunications contractor.

272  Number‑database operator and eligible number‑database person

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, a number‑database operator is a person in respect of which a determination is in force under subsection 472(1).

             (2)  For the purposes of this Part, an eligible number‑database person is a person who is:

                     (a)  a number‑database operator; or

                     (b)  an employee of a number‑database operator; or

                     (c)  a number‑database contractor; or

                     (d)  an employee of a number‑database contractor.

273  Information

                   A reference in this Part to information includes a reference to opinion.

274  Telecommunications contractor

                   A reference in this Part to a telecommunications contractor is a reference to a person who performs services for or on behalf of:

                     (a)  a carrier; or

                     (b)  a carriage service provider;

but does not include a reference to a person who performs such services in the capacity of an employee of the carrier or provider.

275  Number‑database contractor

                   A reference in this Part to a number‑database contractor is a reference to a person who performs services for or on behalf of a number‑database operator, but does not include a reference to a person who performs such services in the capacity of an employee of the operator.

275A  Location information

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, information about the location of:

                     (a)  a mobile telephone handset; or

                     (b)  any other mobile communications device;

is taken to be information that relates to the affairs of the customer responsible for the handset or device.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Part, a document about the location of:

                     (a)  a mobile telephone handset; or

                     (b)  any other mobile communications device;

is taken to be a document that relates to the affairs of the customer responsible for the handset or device.

             (3)  This section is enacted for the avoidance of doubt.

275B  Emergency management person

             (1)  In this Part:

emergency management person means a person who holds, occupies or performs the duties of an office or position specified under subsection (2).

             (2)  The Minister administering the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977 may, by legislative instrument, specify either or both of the following for the purposes of the definition of emergency management person in subsection (1) of this section:

                     (a)  offices;

                     (b)  positions.

             (3)  Offices or positions established by or under a law of a State or Territory may be specified under subsection (2).

             (4)  Subsection (3) does not limit subsection (2).

             (5)  Before making an instrument under subsection (2), the Minister administering the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977 must consult the Minister administering this Act.

275C  Emergency

                   In this Part:

emergency means an emergency or disaster (however described) within the meaning of an emergency law.

275D  Emergency law

             (1)  In this Part:

emergency law means a law specified under subsection (2).

             (2)  The Minister administering the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977 may, by legislative instrument, specify a law of a State or a Territory for the purposes of the definition of emergency law in subsection (1) of this section.

275E  Relevant information

                   In this Part:

relevant information means information, or the contents of a document, disclosed as permitted by section 285A.


 

Division 2Primary disclosure/use offences

276  Primary disclosure/use offence—eligible persons

Current eligible persons

             (1)  An eligible person must not disclose or use any information or document that:

                     (a)  relates to:

                              (i)  the contents or substance of a communication that has been carried by a carrier or carriage service provider; or

                             (ii)  the contents or substance of a communication that is being carried by a carrier or carriage service provider (including a communication that has been collected or received by such a carrier or provider for carriage by it but has not been delivered by it); or

                            (iii)  carriage services supplied, or intended to be supplied, to another person by a carrier or carriage service provider; or

                            (iv)  the affairs or personal particulars (including any unlisted telephone number or any address) of another person; and

                     (b)  comes to the person’s knowledge, or into the person’s possession:

                              (i)  if the person is a carrier or carriage service provider—in connection with the person’s business as such a carrier or provider; or

                             (ii)  if the person is an employee of a carrier or carriage service provider—because the person is employed by the carrier or provider in connection with its business as such a carrier or provider; or

                            (iii)  if the person is a telecommunications contractor—in connection with the person’s business as such a contractor; or

                            (iv)  if the person is an employee of a telecommunications contractor—because the person is employed by the contractor in connection with its business as such a contractor.

Former eligible persons

             (2)  A person who has been an eligible person must not disclose or use any information or document that:

                     (a)  relates to a matter mentioned in paragraph (1)(a); and

                     (b)  came to the person’s knowledge, or into the person’s possession:

                              (i)  if the person was a carrier or carriage service provider—in connection with the person’s business as such a carrier or provider; or

                             (ii)  if the person was an employee of a carrier or carriage service provider—because the person was employed by the carrier or provider in connection with its business as such a carrier or provider; or

                            (iii)  if the person was a telecommunications contractor—in connection with the person’s business as such a contractor; or

                            (iv)  if the person was an employee of a telecommunications contractor—because the person was employed by the contractor in connection with its business as such a contractor.

Offence

             (3)  A person who contravenes this section is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years.

Note 1:       This section is subject to the exceptions in Division 3 of this Part and in Chapter 4 of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979.

Note 2:       See also sections 4AA and 4B of the Crimes Act 1914.

Scope of subsection (1)—carriage by means of electromagnetic energy

             (4)  Subparagraphs (1)(a)(i) and (ii) do not apply to a communication that is or has been carried by a carrier or carriage service provider unless the carriage was by means of, is by means of, or is proposed to be delivered by means of, guided and/or unguided electromagnetic energy.

277  Primary disclosure/use offence—eligible number‑database persons

Current eligible number‑database persons

             (1)  An eligible number‑database person must not disclose or use any information or document that:

                     (a)  relates to:

                              (i)  carriage services supplied, or intended to be supplied, to another person by a carrier or carriage service provider; or

                             (ii)  the affairs or personal particulars (including any unlisted telephone number or any address) of another person; and

                     (b)  comes to the person’s knowledge, or into the person’s possession:

                              (i)  if the person is a number‑database operator—in connection with the person’s business as such an operator; or

                             (ii)  if the person is an employee of a number‑database operator—because the person is employed by the operator in connection with its business as such an operator; or

                            (iii)  if the person is a number‑database contractor—in connection with the person’s business as such a contractor; or

                            (iv)  if the person is an employee of a number‑database contractor—because the person is employed by the contractor in connection with its business as such a contractor.

Former eligible number‑database persons

             (2)  A person who has been an eligible number‑database person must not disclose or use any information or document that:

                     (a)  relates to a matter mentioned in paragraph (1)(a); and

                     (b)  came to the person’s knowledge, or into the person’s possession:

                              (i)  if the person was a number‑database operator—in connection with the person’s business as such an operator; or

                             (ii)  if the person was an employee of a number‑database operator—because the person was employed by the operator in connection with its business as such an operator; or

                            (iii)  if the person was a number‑database contractor—in connection with the person’s business as such a contractor; or

                            (iv)  if the person was an employee of a number‑database contractor—because the person was employed by the contractor in connection with its business as such a contractor.

Offence

             (3)  A person who contravenes this section is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years.

Note 1:       This section is subject to the exceptions in Division 3 of this Part and in Chapter 4 of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979.

Note 2:       See also sections 4AA and 4B of the Crimes Act 1914.

278  Primary disclosure/use offence—emergency call persons

Current emergency call persons

             (1)  An emergency call person must not disclose or use any information or document that:

                     (a)  relates to:

                              (i)  the contents or substance of a communication that has been carried by a carrier or carriage service provider; or

                             (ii)  the contents or substance of a communication that is being carried by a carrier or carriage service provider; or

                            (iii)  the affairs or personal particulars (including any unlisted telephone number or any address) of another person; and

                     (b)  comes to the person’s knowledge, or into the person’s possession, in connection with the operation of an emergency call service.

Former emergency call persons

             (2)  A person who has been an emergency call person must not disclose or use any information or document that:

                     (a)  relates to a matter mentioned in paragraph (1)(a); and

                     (b)  came to the person’s knowledge, or into the person’s possession, in connection with the operation of an emergency call service.

Offence

             (3)  A person who contravenes this section is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years.

Note 1:       This section is subject to the exceptions in Division 3 of this Part and in Chapter 4 of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979.

Note 2:       See also sections 4AA and 4B of the Crimes Act 1914.

Scope of subsection (1)—carriage by means of electromagnetic energy

             (4)  Subparagraphs (1)(a)(i) and (ii) do not apply to a communication that is or has been carried by a carrier or carriage service provider unless the carriage was by means of, is by means of, or is proposed to be delivered by means of, guided and/or unguided electromagnetic energy.


 

Division 3Exceptions to primary disclosure/use offences

Subdivision AExceptions

279  Performance of person’s duties

             (1)  Section 276 does not prohibit a disclosure or use by a person of information or a document if:

                     (a)  the person is an employee of:

                              (i)  a carrier; or

                             (ii)  a carriage service provider; or

                            (iii)  a telecommunications contractor; and

                     (b)  the disclosure or use is made in the performance of the person’s duties as such an employee.

             (2)  Section 276 does not prohibit a disclosure or use by a person of information or a document if:

                     (a)  the person is a telecommunications contractor; and

                     (b)  the disclosure or use is made in the performance of the person’s duties as such a contractor.

             (3)  Section 277 does not prohibit a disclosure or use by a person of information or a document if:

                     (a)  the person is an employee of:

                              (i)  a number‑database operator; or

                             (ii)  a number‑database contractor; and

                     (b)  the disclosure or use is made in the performance of the person’s duties as such an employee.

             (4)  Section 277 does not prohibit a disclosure or use by a person of information or a document if:

                     (a)  the person is a number‑database contractor; and

                     (b)  the disclosure or use is made in the performance of the person’s duties as such a contractor.

             (5)  Section 278 does not prohibit a disclosure or use by a person of information or a document if:

                     (a)  the person is an employee of:

                              (i)  a recognised person who operates an emergency call service; or

                             (ii)  an emergency call contractor; and

                     (b)  the disclosure or use is made in the performance of the person’s duties as such an employee.

             (6)  Section 278 does not prohibit a disclosure or use by a person of information or a document if:

                     (a)  the person is an emergency call contractor; and

                     (b)  the disclosure or use is made in the performance of the person’s duties as such a contractor.

280  Authorisation by or under law

             (1)  Division 2 does not prohibit a disclosure or use of information or a document if:

                     (a)  in a case where the disclosure or use is in connection with the operation of an enforcement agency—the disclosure or use is required or authorised under a warrant; or

                     (b)  in any other case—the disclosure or use is required or authorised by or under law.

          (1A)  In applying paragraph (1)(a) to the Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity, the reference in that paragraph to the operation of an enforcement agency is taken to be a reference to the performance of the functions of the Integrity Commissioner (within the meaning of the Law Enforcement Integrity Commissioner Act 2006).

             (2)  In this section:

enforcement agency has the same meaning as in the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979.

281  Witnesses

                   Division 2 does not prohibit a disclosure by a person of information or a document if the person makes the disclosure as a witness summoned to give evidence or to produce documents.

284  Assisting the ACMA, the ACCC or the Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman

             (1)  Sections 276 and 277 do not prohibit a disclosure by a person of information or a document if:

                     (a)  the disclosure is made to, or to a member of the staff of, the ACMA; and

                     (b)  the information or document may assist the ACMA to carry out its functions or powers.

             (2)  Sections 276 and 277 do not prohibit a disclosure by a person of information or a document if:

                     (a)  the disclosure is made to, or to a member of the staff of, the ACCC; and

                     (b)  the information or document may assist the ACCC to carry out its telecommunications functions and powers.

             (3)  Sections 276 and 277 do not prohibit a disclosure by a person of information or a document if:

                     (a)  the disclosure is made to the Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman, or to an employee of the Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman; and

                     (b)  the information or document may assist the Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman in the consideration of a complaint made to the Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman.

285  Integrated public number database

Permitted uses

             (1)  Sections 276 and 277 do not prohibit a use by a person of information or a document if:

                     (a)  the information or document relates to information (other than information relating to an unlisted telephone number) contained in an integrated public number database; and

                     (b)  the information or document relates to:

                              (i)  carriage services supplied, or intended to be supplied, to another person by a carrier or carriage service provider; or

                             (ii)  the affairs or personal particulars of another person (other than an address relating to an unlisted telephone number); and

                     (c)  the use is made for purposes connected with:

                              (i)  the provision of directory assistance services by or on behalf of a carriage service provider; or

                             (ii)  the publication and maintenance of a public number directory; or

                            (iii)  dealing with the matter or matters raised by a call to an emergency service number.

Permitted disclosures

          (1A)  Sections 276 and 277 do not prohibit a disclosure by a person of information or a document if:

                     (a)  the information or document relates to information (other than information relating to an unlisted telephone number) contained in an integrated public number database; and

                     (b)  the information or document relates to:

                              (i)  carriage services supplied, or intended to be supplied, to another person by a carrier or carriage service provider; or

                             (ii)  the affairs or personal particulars of another person (other than an address relating to an unlisted telephone number); and

                     (c)  the disclosure is made to another person for purposes connected with:

                              (i)  the provision of directory assistance services by or on behalf of a carriage service provider; or

                             (ii)  the publication and maintenance of a public number directory; or

                            (iii)  dealing with the matter or matters raised by a call to an emergency service number; or

                            (iv)  the conduct of research of a kind specified in an instrument under subsection (3); and

                     (d)  if the disclosure to the other person is for a purpose covered by subparagraph (c)(ii) or (iv)—the other person holds an authorisation in force under the integrated public number database scheme permitting the other person to use and disclose the information or document.

Definitions

             (2)  In this section:

business includes a venture or concern in trade or commerce, whether or not conducted on a regular, repetitive or continuous basis.

educational institution includes:

                     (a)  a pre‑school; and

                     (b)  a school; and

                     (c)  a college; and

                     (d)  a university.

integrated public number database means:

                     (a)  an integrated public number database maintained by Telstra as mentioned in Part 4 of Schedule 2; or

                     (b)  an integrated public number database maintained by a person as mentioned in section 472.

public number means a number specified in the numbering plan as mentioned in subsection 455(3), but does not include an unlisted number.

public number directory means a record:

                     (a)  that contains either or both of the following:

                              (i)  the names of persons and their public numbers (whether or not it also contains their addresses);

                             (ii)  the names of bodies and their public numbers (whether or not it also contains their addresses); and

                     (b)  that, in relation to a person or body that is not a qualifying entity, contains no other information about the person or body; and

                     (c)  that, in relation to a person or body that is a qualifying entity, contains no other information about the person or body apart from information:

                              (i)  that is of a kind specified in an instrument under subsection (4); and

                             (ii)  that is applicable in relation to the person or body; and

                     (d)  that:

                              (i)  does not enable a person who only knows the public number of an end‑user of a carriage service to readily identify the end‑user’s name and/or address; and

                             (ii)  does not enable a person who only knows the whole or a part of the address of an end‑user of a carriage service to readily identify the end‑user’s name and/or public number; and

                     (e)  that satisfies each requirement specified in an instrument under subsection (5).

qualifying entity means:

                     (a)  a person or body carrying on a business; or

                     (b)  a charity or charitable institution; or

                     (c)  an educational institution; or

                     (d)  a religious organisation; or

                     (e)  a department of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory; or

                      (f)  an agency, authority or instrumentality of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory; or

                     (g)  any other person or body of a kind specified in an instrument under subsection (6).

Research

             (3)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify kinds of research for the purposes of subparagraph (1A)(c)(iv). The Minister must not specify a kind of research unless the Minister is satisfied that the kind of research is in the public interest.

Additional information in public number directory

             (4)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify kinds of information for the purposes of subparagraph (c)(i) of the definition of public number directory in subsection (2). The Minister may specify different kinds of information in relation to different kinds of qualifying entities.

Further requirements for public number directory

             (5)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify requirements for the purposes of paragraph (e) of the definition of public number directory in subsection (2).

Qualifying entities

             (6)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify kinds of persons or bodies for the purposes of paragraph (g) of the definition of qualifying entity in subsection (2).

285A  Data for emergency warnings

             (1)  Sections 276 and 277 do not prohibit a disclosure by a person (the discloser) of information or a document if:

                     (a)  the information is, or the document consists of, information (including unlisted telephone numbers) contained in an integrated public number database; and

                     (b)  the disclosure is made to an emergency management person; and

                     (c)  the emergency management person has given the discloser a written notice stating that the disclosure is for the purpose of the information, or the contents of the document, being later used or disclosed for either or both of the following:

                              (i)  for a purpose connected with persons being alerted to an emergency or a likely emergency;

                             (ii)  for the purpose of reasonable testing of whether, in the event of an emergency occurring, persons would be able to be alerted to that emergency.

          (1A)  A notice given as mentioned in paragraph (1)(c) may cover one or more disclosures (including each disclosure in a series of disclosures under an arrangement between the discloser and the emergency management person).

          (1B)  A notice given as mentioned in paragraph (1)(c) is not a legislative instrument.

             (2)  In this section:

integrated public number database means:

                     (a)  an integrated public number database maintained by Telstra as mentioned in Part 4 of Schedule 2; or

                     (b)  an integrated public number database maintained by a person as mentioned in section 472.

286  Calls to emergency service number

                   Division 2 does not prohibit a disclosure by a person of information or a document if:

                     (a)  the information or document came to the person’s knowledge, or into the person’s possession, because of a call to an emergency service number; and

                     (b)  the information, or the contents of the document, consists of any or all of the following:

                              (i)  a name;

                             (ii)  a telephone number;

                            (iii)  an address;

                            (iv)  a location;

                             (v)  the matter or matters raised by the call; and

                     (c)  the disclosure is made to:

                              (i)  a member of a police force or service; or

                             (ii)  a member of a fire service; or

                            (iii)  a member of an ambulance service; or

                            (iv)  an emergency call person; or

                             (v)  a member of a service specified in the numbering plan for the purposes of this subparagraph; or

                            (vi)  a service for despatching a force or service referred to in subparagraph (i), (ii), (iii) or (v);

                            for purposes connected with dealing with the matter or matters raised by the call.

287  Threat to person’s life or health

                   Division 2 does not prohibit a disclosure or use by a person (the first person) of information or a document if:

                     (a)  the information or document relates to the affairs or personal particulars (including any unlisted telephone number or any address) of another person; and

                     (b)  the first person believes on reasonable grounds that the disclosure or use is reasonably necessary to prevent or lessen a serious and imminent threat to the life or health of a person.

288  Communications for maritime purposes

                   Division 2 does not prohibit a disclosure or use of information or a document if:

                     (a)  the disclosure or use is reasonably necessary for the purpose of the preservation of human life at sea; or

                     (b)  the disclosure or use:

                              (i)  relates to the location of a vessel at sea; and

                             (ii)  is made for maritime communications purposes.

289  Knowledge or consent of person concerned

                   Division 2 does not prohibit a disclosure or use by a person of information or a document if:

                     (a)  the information or document relates to the affairs or personal particulars (including any unlisted telephone number or any address) of another person; and

                     (b)  the other person:

                              (i)  is reasonably likely to have been aware or made aware that information or a document of that kind is usually disclosed, or used, as the case requires, in the circumstances concerned; or

                             (ii)  has consented to the disclosure, or use, as the case requires, in the circumstances concerned.

290  Implicit consent of sender and recipient of communication

                   Section 276 does not prohibit a disclosure or use by a person if:

                     (a)  the information or document relates to the contents or substance of a communication made by another person; and

                     (b)  having regard to all the relevant circumstances, it might reasonably be expected that the sender and the recipient of the communication would have consented to the disclosure or use, if they had been aware of the disclosure or use.

291  Business needs of other carriers or service providers

             (1)  Section 276 does not prohibit a disclosure or use by a person of information or a document if:

                     (a)  the disclosure or use is made by or on behalf of:

                              (i)  a carrier (the first carrier); or

                             (ii)  a carriage service provider (the first provider); and

                     (b)  the disclosure or use is made for a purpose of, or is connected with, any other carrier or service provider carrying on its business as such a carrier or provider; and

                     (c)  the information or document relates to a person (the third person) who is a customer or former customer of:

                              (i)  the first carrier or the first provider; or

                             (ii)  the other carrier or the other provider; and

                     (d)  the disclosure or use is made for a purpose of, or is connected with:

                              (i)  the supply, or proposed supply, by the other carrier or other provider to the third person of a carriage service or a content service; or

                             (ii)  the supply, or proposed supply, by the other carrier or other provider to the third person of goods or services for use in connection with the supply of a carriage service or a content service; or

                            (iii)  the installation, maintenance, operation or provision of access to a telecommunications network or a facility, where the network or facility is used, or for use, by the other carrier or the other provider to supply a carriage service or a content service to the third person; and

                     (e)  if the information or document relates to the location of:

                              (i)  a mobile telephone handset; or

                             (ii)  any other mobile communications device;

                            the third person has consented to the disclosure, or use, as the case requires, in the circumstances concerned.

             (2)  Section 276 does not prohibit a disclosure or use by a person of information or a document if:

                     (a)  the disclosure or use is made by or on behalf of a carriage service provider; and

                     (b)  the disclosure or use is made for a purpose of, or is connected with, an arrangement, or proposed arrangement, made by a carriage service intermediary for the supply of a carriage service by the provider to a third person; and

                     (c)  the information or document relates to the third person; and

                     (d)  the disclosure or use is made for a purpose of, or is connected with:

                              (i)  the supply, or proposed supply, by the provider to the third person of that service; or

                             (ii)  the supply, or proposed supply, by the provider to the third person of goods or services for use in connection with the supply of the first‑mentioned service; or

                            (iii)  the installation, maintenance, operation or provision of access to a telecommunications network or a facility, where the network or facility is used, or for use, by the provider to supply the first‑mentioned service to the third person; and

                     (e)  if the information or document relates to the location of:

                              (i)  a mobile telephone handset; or

                             (ii)  any other mobile communications device;

                            the third person has consented to the disclosure, or use, as the case requires, in the circumstances concerned.

             (3)  Section 276 does not prohibit a disclosure or use by a person of information or a document if:

                     (a)  the disclosure or use is made by or on behalf of a carriage service intermediary; and

                     (b)  the disclosure or use is made for a purpose of, or is connected with, an arrangement, or proposed arrangement, made by the intermediary for the supply of a carriage service by a carriage service provider to a third person; and

                     (c)  the information or document relates to the third person; and

                     (d)  the disclosure or use is made for a purpose of, or is connected with:

                              (i)  the supply, or proposed supply, by the provider to the third person of that service; or

                             (ii)  the supply, or proposed supply, by the provider to the third person of goods or services for use in connection with the supply of the first‑mentioned service; or

                            (iii)  the installation, maintenance, operation or provision of access to a telecommunications network or a facility, where the network or facility is used, or for use, by the provider to supply the first‑mentioned service to the third person; and

                     (e)  if the information or document relates to the location of:

                              (i)  a mobile telephone handset; or

                             (ii)  any other mobile communications device;

                            the third person has consented to the disclosure, or use, as the case requires, in the circumstances concerned.

291A  Location dependent carriage services

             (1)  Sections 276 and 277 do not prohibit a disclosure by a person of information or a document if:

                     (a)  the information or document relates to information (other than information relating to an unlisted telephone number) contained in an integrated public number database; and

                     (b)  the disclosure is to a carrier or a carriage service provider; and

                     (c)  the disclosure is made for a purpose of, or is connected with, the supply, or proposed supply, by a person of a location dependent carriage service.

             (2)  Sections 276 and 277 do not prohibit a disclosure or use by a carrier or a carriage service provider of information or a document if:

                     (a)  the information or document relates to information (other than information relating to an unlisted telephone number) contained in an integrated public number database; and

                     (b)  the disclosure or use is made for a purpose of, or is connected with, the supply, or proposed supply, by a person of a location dependent carriage service.

             (3)  In this section:

integrated public number database means:

                     (a)  an integrated public number database maintained by Telstra as mentioned in Part 4 of Schedule 2; or

                     (b)  an integrated public number database maintained by a person as mentioned in section 472.

location dependent carriage service means a carriage service that depends for its provision on the availability of information about the addresses of end users of the carriage service.

292  Circumstances prescribed in the regulations

             (1)  Section 276 does not prohibit a disclosure or use of information or a document in circumstances specified in the regulations.

             (2)  Section 277 does not prohibit a disclosure or use of information or a document in circumstances specified in the regulations.

             (3)  Section 278 does not prohibit a disclosure or use of information or a document in circumstances specified in the regulations.

293  Uses connected with exempt disclosures

             (1)  Section 276 does not prohibit a use of information or a document if:

                     (a)  the use is made for the purposes of, or in connection with, a disclosure of the information or document by the person; and

                     (b)  because of this Division, the disclosure is not prohibited by section 276.

             (2)  Section 277 does not prohibit a use of information or a document if:

                     (a)  the use is made for the purposes of, or in connection with, a disclosure of the information or document by the person; and

                     (b)  because of this Division, the disclosure is not prohibited by section 277.

             (3)  Section 278 does not prohibit a use of information or a document if:

                     (a)  the use is made for the purposes of, or in connection with, a disclosure of the information or document by the person; and

                     (b)  because of this Division, the disclosure is not prohibited by section 278.

294  Effect of this Subdivision

                   Nothing in this Subdivision limits the generality of anything else in it or in Divisions 3 to 5 of Part 4‑1 of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979.

Subdivision BBurden of proof

295  Burden of proof

             (1)  For the purposes of determining the persuasive burden of proof in proceedings for an offence against Division 2, the exceptions set out in this Division or in Chapter 4 of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979 are taken to be part of the description of the offence.

             (2)  In proceedings for an offence against Division 2, the defendant bears the evidential burden in relation to an exception set out in this Division or in Chapter 4 of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979.

             (3)  In this section:

evidential burden, in relation to a matter, means the burden of adducing or pointing to evidence that suggests a reasonable possibility that the matter exists or does not exist.


 

Division 3AIntegrated public number database authorisations

Subdivision AACMA scheme for the granting of authorisations

295A  ACMA to make integrated public number database scheme

                   The ACMA must, by legislative instrument, make a scheme (the integrated public number database scheme) for the granting of authorisations for the purposes of paragraph 285(1A)(d).

Note 1:       The ACMA may make determinations fixing charges for any matter in relation to which expenses are incurred by the ACMA under the scheme: see section 60 of the Australian Communications and Media Authority Act 2005.

Note 2:       Various decisions under the scheme are reviewable: see section 555 and paragraphs 1(ma) to (md) of Schedule 4.

295B  Scheme must deal with certain matters

             (1)  The scheme must make provision for and in relation to the following matters:

                     (a)  the making of applications for authorisations;

                     (b)  the assessment of applications;

                     (c)  the period for which authorisations are to be in force;

                     (d)  the notification of decisions under the scheme (including to the person who maintains the integrated public number database referred to in paragraph 285(1A)(a)).

             (2)  The scheme must require an applicant for an authorisation to specify the purpose for which the authorisation is sought.

Note:          The relevant purposes are purposes connected with the publication and maintenance of a public number directory or with the conduct of particular research.

295C  Applications may be treated differently

                   The scheme may make different provision for different kinds of authorisation applications.

295D  Scope of authorisations

                   The scheme may make provision for authorisations to be in respect of:

                     (a)  all information or documents that satisfy the matters referred to in paragraphs 285(1A)(a) and (b); or

                     (b)  specified information or specified documents that satisfy those matters.

295E  Provisional and final authorisations

                   The scheme may make provision for provisional authorisations and final authorisations.

295F  Conditions

                   The scheme may make provision for the imposition of conditions on the grant of authorisations.

Note 1:       Section 295P also allows the Minister to determine that authorisations are granted subject to conditions.

Note 2:       Section 295R creates an offence for breaching a condition of an authorisation.

295G  Varying or revoking authorisations

                   The scheme may make provision for the variation or revocation of authorisations. For example, the variation may be the imposition of new conditions or the variation or removal of existing conditions.

295H  Scheme may confer administrative powers on the ACMA

                   The scheme may make provision for or in relation to a particular matter by empowering the ACMA to make decisions of an administrative character.

Note:          Sections 50 and 51 of the Australian Communications and Media Authority Act 2005 deal with the delegation of the ACMA’s powers.

295J  Ancillary or incidental provisions

                   The scheme may contain such ancillary or incidental provisions as the ACMA considers appropriate.

295K  Scheme‑making power not limited

                   Sections 295B to 295J do not, by implication, limit section 295A.

295L  Variation of scheme

             (1)  The scheme may be varied, but not revoked, in accordance with subsection 33(3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not limit the application of subsection 33(3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 to other instruments under this Act.

295M  Consultation

Making the scheme

             (1)  Before making the scheme, the ACMA:

                     (a)  must consult the Privacy Commissioner and have regard to any submissions made by the Privacy Commissioner because of that consultation; and

                     (b)  must consult the Secretary of the Department that is administered by the Minister administering the Privacy Act 1988 and have regard to any submissions made by that Secretary because of that consultation; and

                     (c)  may consult such other persons as the ACMA considers appropriate and have regard to any submissions made by those persons because of that consultation.

Decisions under the scheme

             (2)  Before making a decision under the scheme, the ACMA may consult such persons as the ACMA considers appropriate and have regard to any submissions made by those persons because of that consultation.

Subdivision BMinisterial instruments

295N  Criteria for deciding authorisation applications

             (1)  The Minister must, by legislative instrument, specify criteria for deciding authorisation applications made under the integrated public number database scheme.

             (2)  The Minister may specify different criteria for different kinds of authorisation applications.

             (3)  In deciding an authorisation application, the ACMA:

                     (a)  must apply the criteria applicable to that application; and

                     (b)  may have regard to any other matters that it thinks are relevant.

295P  Conditions

             (1)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, do either or both of the following:

                     (a)  determine that all authorisations under the integrated public number database scheme are granted subject to specified conditions;

                     (b)  determine that a specified kind of authorisation under that scheme is granted subject to specified conditions.

             (2)  An authorisation under that scheme is granted subject to any condition specified in an instrument under this section that is applicable to that authorisation.

Note 1:       An authorisation may also be granted subject to conditions imposed in accordance with that scheme: see section 295F.

Note 2:       Section 295R creates an offence for breaching a condition of an authorisation.

295Q  Other reviewable decisions

                   The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify decisions under the integrated public number database scheme for the purposes of paragraph 1(md) of Schedule 4.

Subdivision CEnforcing compliance with conditions of authorisations

295R  Offence of breaching a condition

                   A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is the holder of an authorisation under the integrated public number database scheme; and

                     (b)  the person does an act or omits to do an act; and

                     (c)  the act or omission breaches a condition of the authorisation.

Penalty:  60 penalty units.

295S  Remedial directions for breaching a condition

             (1)  This section applies if the ACMA is satisfied that a person has contravened, or is contravening, a condition of an authorisation in force under the integrated public number database scheme.

             (2)  The ACMA may give the person a written direction requiring the person to take specified action directed towards ensuring that the person does not contravene the condition, or is unlikely to contravene the condition, in the future.

             (3)  A person must not contravene a direction under subsection (2).

             (4)  Subsection (3) is a civil penalty provision.

Note:          Part 31 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.

             (5)  A direction given under subsection (2) is not a legislative instrument.

295T  Formal warnings for breaching a condition

                   The ACMA may issue a formal warning if the ACMA is satisfied that a person has contravened, or is contravening, a condition of an authorisation in force under the integrated public number database scheme.

Subdivision DReport to Minister

295U  Report to Minister

             (1)  At the time the ACMA gives the Minister a report under section 57 of the Australian Communications and Media Authority Act 2005, the ACMA must give the Minister a separate report on the following matters:

                     (a)  the compliance by persons with authorisations granted under the integrated public number database scheme;

                     (b)  any other matter relating to the operation of that scheme that the ACMA considers appropriate.

             (2)  The ACMA is not required to include in the separate report any material:

                     (a)  that is of a confidential nature; or

                     (b)  the disclosure of which is likely to prejudice the fair trial of a person.

             (3)  The Minister must cause a copy of the separate report to be tabled in each House of the Parliament within 15 sitting days of that House after the day on which the Minister receives the separate report.


 

Division 3BEmergency warnings

295V  Use or disclosure of information by emergency management persons

Likely emergencies

             (1)  If an emergency management person believes on reasonable grounds that an emergency is likely to occur, the person may use or disclose relevant information (other than the names of persons) for a purpose connected with persons being alerted to that likely emergency.

Actual emergencies

             (2)  If an emergency occurs, an emergency management person may use or disclose relevant information (other than the names of persons) for a purpose connected with persons being alerted to that emergency.

Testing

             (3)  An emergency management person may use or disclose relevant information (other than the names of persons) for the purpose of reasonable testing of whether, in the event of an emergency occurring, persons would be able to be alerted to that emergency.

Other

             (4)  An emergency management person may disclose relevant information (other than the names of persons) to another person for the purpose of the information being later used or disclosed for a purpose connected with persons being alerted to an emergency or a likely emergency.

295W  Use or disclosure of information by other persons

Actual or likely emergencies

             (1)  If information is disclosed to a person as permitted by subsection 295V(1) or (2) or this subsection, the person may use or disclose the information for a purpose connected with persons being alerted to the emergency or likely emergency concerned.

Testing

             (2)  If information is disclosed to a person as permitted by subsection 295V(3) or this subsection, the person may use or disclose the information for the purpose of reasonable testing of whether, in the event of an emergency occurring, persons would be able to be alerted to that emergency.

Other

             (3)  If information is disclosed to a person as permitted by subsection 295V(4) or this subsection, the person may use or disclose the information for a purpose connected with persons being alerted to an emergency or a likely emergency.

295X  Effect on telecommunications network

                   In using or disclosing information that is permitted by section 295V or 295W, a person must take reasonable steps to ensure that the use or disclosure does not adversely affect the operation of a telecommunications network.

295Y  Coronial and other inquiries

                   The disclosure of relevant information to:

                     (a)  a coronial inquiry; or

                     (b)  another inquiry specified by the Minister administering the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977, by legislative instrument, for the purposes of this paragraph;

in relation to an emergency or likely emergency is taken, for the purposes of this Division, to be a disclosure for a purpose connected with persons being alerted to the emergency or likely emergency concerned.

295Z  Offence—use or disclosure of information by emergency management persons

                   An emergency management person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person uses or discloses relevant information; and

                     (b)  the use or disclosure is not permitted under section 295V.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years.

295ZA  Offence—use or disclosure of information by other persons

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  information is disclosed to the person as permitted by subsection 295V(1) or (2) or 295W(1); and

                     (b)  the person uses or discloses the information; and

                     (c)  the use or disclosure referred to in paragraph (b) of this subsection is not for a purpose connected with persons being alerted to the emergency or likely emergency concerned.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years.

             (2)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  information is disclosed to the person as permitted by subsection 295V(3) or 295W(2); and

                     (b)  the person uses or discloses the information; and

                     (c)  the use or disclosure referred to in paragraph (b) of this subsection is not for the purpose of reasonable testing of whether, in the event of an emergency occurring, persons would be able to be alerted to that emergency.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years.

             (3)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  information is disclosed to the person as permitted by subsection 295V(4) or 295W(3); and

                     (b)  the person uses or discloses the information; and

                     (c)  the use or disclosure referred to in paragraph (b) of this subsection is not for a purpose connected with persons being alerted to an emergency or a likely emergency.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years.

295ZB  Reports of access

             (1)  If an emergency management person discloses relevant information, the person must give a written report to the Minister administering the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977 and to the ACMA that covers the following matters:

                     (a)  if the disclosure occurred under subsection 295V(1) or (2)—a description of the emergency or likely emergency concerned and its location;

                     (b)  in any case—the number of telephone numbers that were disclosed and the day that disclosure occurred;

                     (c)  in any case—the number of persons to whom the emergency management person disclosed those numbers and the purpose of each disclosure.

             (2)  The emergency management person must give the report to the Minister administering the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977 and to the ACMA as soon as practicable after the last disclosure referred to in paragraph (1)(c) of this section occurs (disregarding section 295Y).

295ZC  Annual reports to the ACMA and Privacy Commissioner

                   If an emergency management person discloses relevant information during a financial year, the person must, within 2 months after the end of that financial year, give a written report to the ACMA and to the Privacy Commissioner that covers the following matters in relation to each such disclosure:

                     (a)  if the disclosure occurred under subsection 295V(1) or (2)—a description of the emergency or likely emergency concerned and its location;

                     (b)  in any case—the number of telephone numbers that were disclosed and the day that disclosure occurred;

                     (c)  in any case—the number of persons to whom the emergency management person disclosed those numbers and the purpose of each disclosure (whether the disclosure occurred in that financial year or the following financial year).

295ZD  Arrangements with States and Territories

             (1)  The Minister administering the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977 may make arrangements with a Minister of a State or a Territory with respect to the performance of functions or duties, or the exercise of powers, by an emergency management person under this Division.

             (2)  An instrument by which an arrangement under this section is made is not a legislative instrument.

295ZE  Commonwealth immunity

                   No action, suit or proceeding lies against the Commonwealth in relation to loss, damage or injury to any person or property as a result of the use or disclosure of relevant information:

                     (a)  for a purpose connected with persons being alerted to an emergency or a likely emergency; or

                     (b)  for the purpose of reasonable testing of whether, in the event of an emergency occurring, persons would be able to be alerted to that emergency.


 

Division 4Secondary disclosure/use offences

296  Performance of person’s duties

                   If:

                     (a)  information or a document is disclosed to a person for a particular purpose as permitted by section 279 or this section; and

                     (b)  the information or the contents of the document does not relate to the person’s affairs or personal particulars;

the person must not disclose or use the information or document except for that purpose.

297  Authorisation by or under law

                   If information or a document is disclosed to a person for a particular purpose as permitted by section 280 or this section, the person must not disclose or use the information or document unless the disclosure or use is required or authorised by or under law.

299  Assisting the ACMA, the ACCC or the Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman

             (1)  If information or a document is disclosed to a person as permitted by subsection 284(1) or this subsection, the person must not disclose or use the information or document except for the purpose of, or in connection with, the carrying out of the ACMA’s functions and powers.

             (2)  If information or a document is disclosed to a person as permitted by subsection 284(2) or this subsection, the person must not disclose or use the information or document except for the purpose of, or in connection with, the carrying out of the ACCC’s telecommunications functions and powers.

             (3)  If information or a document is disclosed to a person as permitted by subsection 284(3) or this subsection, the person must not disclose or use the information or document except for the purpose of, or in connection with, assisting the Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman in the consideration of a complaint made to the Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman.

Note:          Section 284 deals with the disclosure or use of information or documents to assist the ACMA, the ACCC or the Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman.

299A  Integrated public number database

Public number directory

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  information or a document is disclosed to a person as permitted by subsection 285(1A); and

                     (b)  the disclosure is for a purpose covered by subparagraph 285(1A)(c)(ii);

then:

                     (c)  during the period the person holds an authorisation in force under the integrated public number database scheme in relation to the information or document—the person must not disclose or use the information or document except for that purpose; and

                     (d)  if the person does not hold such an authorisation—the person must not disclose or use the information or document.

Research

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  information or a document is disclosed to a person as permitted by subsection 285(1A); and

                     (b)  the disclosure is for a purpose covered by subparagraph 285(1A)(c)(iv);

then:

                     (c)  during the period the person holds an authorisation in force under the integrated public number database scheme in relation to the information or document—the person must not disclose or use the information or document except for that purpose; and

                     (d)  if the person does not hold such an authorisation—the person must not disclose or use the information or document.

             (3)  If information or a document is disclosed to a person for a particular purpose as permitted by subsection (2) or this subsection, the person must not disclose or use the information or document except for that purpose.

300  Threat to person’s life or health

                   If information or a document is disclosed to a person (the first person) as permitted by section 287 or this section, the first person must not disclose or use the information or document unless:

                     (a)  the disclosure or use is for the purpose of, or in connection with, preventing or lessening a serious and imminent threat to the life or health of another person; or

                     (b)  the first person believes on reasonable grounds that the disclosure or use is reasonably necessary to prevent or lessen a serious and imminent threat to the life or health of another person.

Note:          Section 287 deals with the disclosure or use of information or documents by a person where the person believes on reasonable grounds that the disclosure or use is reasonably necessary to prevent or lessen a serious and imminent threat to the life or health of another person.

301  Communications for maritime purposes

                   If information or a document is disclosed to a person as permitted by section 288 or this section, the person must not disclose or use the information or document unless:

                     (a)  the disclosure or use is reasonably necessary for the purpose of the preservation of human life at sea; or

                     (b)  the disclosure or use:

                              (i)  relates to the location of a vessel at sea; and

                             (ii)  is made for maritime communications purposes.

Note:          Section 288 deals with the disclosure or use of information or documents where the disclosure or use is made for certain maritime purposes.

302  Business needs of other carriers or service providers

                   If information or a document is disclosed to a person as permitted by section 291 or this section, a person must not disclose or use the information or document except for:

                     (a)  the purpose of, or in connection with, the carrying on by:

                              (i)  a carrier; or

                             (ii)  a service provider;

                            of its business as such a carrier or provider; and

                     (b)  the purpose of, or in connection with:

                              (i)  the supply, or proposed supply, by a carrier or service provider of a carriage service or a content service; or

                             (ii)  the supply, or proposed supply, by a carrier or service provider of goods or services for use in connection with the supply of a carriage service or a content service; or

                            (iii)  the installation, maintenance, operation or provision of access to a telecommunications network or a facility, where the network or facility is used, or for use, by a carrier or service provider to supply a carriage service or a content service to a person.

Note:          Section 291 deals with the disclosure or use of information or documents for the purposes of a carrier or a service provider carrying on its business as such a carrier or provider.

302A  Location dependent carriage services

             (1)  If information or a document is disclosed to a person as permitted by section 291A or this subsection, a person must not disclose or use the information or document except for the purpose of, or in connection with, the supply, or proposed supply, by a person of a location dependent carriage service.

Note:          Section 291A deals with the disclosure or use of information or documents for the purposes of the supply, or proposed supply, by a person of a location dependent carriage service.

             (2)  In this section:

location dependent carriage service means a carriage service that depends for its provision on the availability of information about the addresses of end users of the carriage service.

303  Secondary offence—contravening this Division

                   A person who contravenes this Division is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years.

Note:          See also sections 4AA and 4B of the Crimes Act 1914.

303A  Generality of Division not limited

                   Nothing in this Division limits the generality of anything else in it.


 

Division 4ARelationship with the Privacy Act 1988

303B  Acts taken to be authorised by law for purposes of Privacy Act

             (1)  If a disclosure or use of information by a person would be prohibited by Division 2 apart from a provision of Division 3, the disclosure or use is taken for the purposes of the Privacy Act 1988, and of an approved privacy code (as defined in that Act), to be authorised by law.

             (2)  If a disclosure or use of information by a person would be prohibited by a provision of Division 4 apart from the fact that the disclosure or use is covered by an exception in that provision to the prohibition, the disclosure or use is taken for the purposes of the Privacy Act 1988, and of an approved privacy code (as defined in that Act), to be authorised by law.

303C  Prosecution of an offence against this Part does not affect proceedings under the Privacy Act 1988

             (1)  The prosecution of an offence against Division 2 or 4 of this Part for disclosure or use of information or a document does not prevent civil proceedings or administrative action from being taken under the Privacy Act 1988 or an approved privacy code (as defined in that Act) in relation to the disclosure or use.

             (2)  This section applies regardless of the outcome of the prosecution.

             (3)  This section does not affect the operation of section 49 of the Privacy Act 1988.


 

Division 5Record‑keeping requirements

304  Associate

                   A reference in this Division to an associate of a carrier, carriage service provider or number‑database operator is a reference to:

                     (a)  an employee of the carrier, provider or operator; or

                     (b)  a person (other than an employee) who performs services for or on behalf of the carrier, provider or operator; or

                     (c)  an employee of a person covered by paragraph (b).

305  Authorisations under the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a carrier, carriage service provider or number‑database operator; or

                     (b)  an associate of a carrier, carriage service provider or number‑database operator;

is notified of an authorisation made under Division 4 of Part 4‑1 of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979.

Note:          Section 184 of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979 deals with notification of such authorisations.

             (2)  The carrier, carriage service provider or number‑database operator must retain the notification for 3 years.

306  Record of disclosures—general

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  an eligible person or an eligible number‑database person discloses information or a document; and

                     (b)  the disclosure is authorised by:

                              (i)  a provision of Division 3 (other than section 279, 285, 285A, 290, 291 or 291A); or

                             (ii)  section 177, 178 or 179 or subsection 180(3) of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979.

             (2)  If the person is a carrier, carriage service provider or number‑database operator, the carrier, provider or operator must:

                     (a)  make a record of the disclosure as soon as practicable after the disclosure and, in any event, within 5 days after the disclosure; and

                     (b)  retain that record for 3 years.

             (3)  If the person is an associate of a carrier, carriage service provider or number‑database operator, the person must:

                     (a)  make a record of the disclosure as soon as practicable after the disclosure and, in any event, within 5 days after the disclosure; and

                     (b)  give a copy of that record to the carrier, provider or operator within 5 days after the making of the record.

             (4)  If a copy of a record is given to a carrier, carriage service provider or number‑database operator under subsection (3), the carrier, provider or operator must retain that copy for 3 years.

             (5)  A record made under subsection (2) or (3) must set out:

                     (a)  the name of the person who disclosed the information or document concerned; and

                     (b)  the date of the disclosure; and

                     (c)  a statement of the grounds for the disclosure; and

                     (d)  if the disclosure is made on the grounds of an authorisation under the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979:

                              (i)  the name of the person who made the authorisation; and

                             (ii)  the date of the making of the authorisation; and

                     (e)  if paragraph (d) does not apply and the disclosure was at the request of another body or person:

                              (i)  the name of the body or person; and

                             (ii)  the date of the request; and

                      (f)  if the information or document relates to the contents or substance of a communication that was carried by means of a carriage service—particulars of that carriage service.

             (6)  A record, or a copy of a record, may be made, given or retained under this section:

                     (a)  in written form; or

                     (b)  in electronic form.

             (7)  A person who contravenes this section is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by a fine not exceeding 300 penalty units.

Note:          See also sections 4AA and 4B of the Crimes Act 1914.

306A  Record of disclosures—prospective authorisation under the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  an eligible person or an eligible number‑database person discloses information or a document; and

                     (b)  the disclosure or disclosures are authorised by an authorisation under section 180 of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979 (in so far as the authorisation is of a kind referred to in subsection 180(2) of that Act).

             (2)  If the person is a carrier, carriage service provider or number‑database operator, the carrier, provider or operator must:

                     (a)  make a record of the disclosure or disclosures as soon as practicable after the day on which the authorisation ceases to be in force and, in any event, within 5 days after that day; and

                     (b)  retain that record for 3 years.

             (3)  If the person is an associate of a carrier, carriage service provider or number‑database operator, the person must:

                     (a)  make a record of the disclosure or disclosures as soon as practicable after the day on which the authorisation ceases to be in force and, in any event, within 5 days after that day; and

                     (b)  give a copy of that record to the carrier, provider or operator within 5 days after the making of the record.

             (4)  If a copy of a record is given to a carrier, carriage service provider or number‑database operator under subsection (3), the carrier, provider or operator must retain that copy for 3 years.

             (5)  A record made under subsection (2) or (3) must set out:

                     (a)  the name of the person or persons who made the disclosure or disclosures; and

                     (b)  one of the following:

                              (i)  if only 1 disclosure is made because of the authorisation—the date of the disclosure;

                             (ii)  if more than 1 disclosure is made because of the authorisation—the date of the first disclosure and the date of the last disclosure; and

                     (c)  a statement of the grounds for the disclosure or disclosures; and

                     (d)  the name of the person who made the authorisation and the date of the making of the authorisation.

             (6)  A record, or a copy of a record, may be made, given or retained under this section:

                     (a)  in written form; or

                     (b)  in electronic form.

             (7)  A person who contravenes this section commits an offence punishable on conviction by a fine not exceeding 300 penalty units.

Note:          See also sections 4AA and 4B of the Crimes Act 1914.

307  Incorrect records

             (1)  A person must not, in purported compliance with section 306 or 306A, make a record of any matter or thing in such a way that it does not correctly record the matter or thing.

             (2)  A person who contravenes subsection (1) is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months.

Note:          See also sections 4AA and 4B of the Crimes Act 1914.

308  Annual reports to the ACMA by carriers, carriage service providers or number‑database operators

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  information or a document is disclosed during a financial year; and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  under section 306 or 306A, a carrier, carriage service provider or number‑database operator makes a record of the disclosure; or

                             (ii)  under section 306 or 306A, a carrier, carriage service provider or number‑database operator is given a copy of a record of the disclosure;

the carrier, carriage service provider or number‑database operator must, within 2 months after the end of the financial year, give the ACMA a written report relating to the disclosure.

             (2)  The report must set out such information about the disclosure as the ACMA requires.

309  Monitoring by the Privacy Commissioner

             (1)  In addition to the functions conferred on the Privacy Commissioner by the Privacy Act 1988, the Privacy Commissioner has the function of monitoring compliance with this Division.

             (2)  In particular, the function conferred on the Privacy Commissioner by subsection (1) includes monitoring:

                     (a)  whether a record made under section 306 or 306A sets out a statement of the grounds for a disclosure; and

                     (b)  whether that statement is covered by Division 3 of this Part or Chapter 4 of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979 (which deal with exceptions).

             (3)  A carrier, carriage service provider or number‑database operator must give the Privacy Commissioner such access to the records of the carrier, provider or operator as the Privacy Commissioner reasonably requires for the purposes of the performance of the function conferred by subsection (1).

             (4)  The Privacy Commissioner may give the Minister a written report about any matters arising out of the performance of the function conferred by subsection (1).

             (5)  Section 99 of the Privacy Act 1988 applies to this section as if this section were a provision of the Privacy Act 1988.

Note:          Section 99 of the Privacy Act 1988 deals with delegation.


 

Division 6Instrument‑making powers not limited

310  Instrument‑making powers not limited

             (1)  This Part does not, by implication, limit a power conferred by or under this Act to make an instrument.

             (2)  This Part does not, by implication, limit the matters that may be dealt with by codes or standards referred to in Part 6.

             (3)  This section does not, by implication, limit subsection 33(3B) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.


 

Part 14National interest matters

  

311  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      The ACMA, carriers and carriage service providers must do their best to prevent telecommunications networks and facilities from being used to commit offences.

•      The ACMA, carriers and carriage service providers must give the authorities such help as is reasonably necessary for the purposes of:

               (a)     enforcing the criminal law and laws imposing pecuniary penalties; and

               (b)     protecting the public revenue; and

               (c)     safeguarding national security.

•      A carriage service provider may suspend the supply of a carriage service in an emergency if requested to do so by a senior police officer.

312  ACMA’s obligations

             (1)  The ACMA must, in performing its telecommunications functions or exercising its telecommunications powers, do its best to prevent:

                     (a)  telecommunications networks; and

                     (b)  facilities;

from being used in, or in relation to, the commission of offences against the laws of the Commonwealth and of the States and Territories.

             (2)  The ACMA must, in performing its telecommunications functions or exercising its telecommunications powers, give officers and authorities of the Commonwealth and of the States and Territories such help as is reasonably necessary for the following purposes:

                     (a)  enforcing the criminal law and laws imposing pecuniary penalties;

                     (b)  protecting the public revenue;

                     (c)  safeguarding national security.

             (3)  The ACMA is not liable to an action or other proceeding for damages for or in relation to an act done or omitted in good faith in performance of the duty imposed by subsection (1) or (2).

             (4)  An officer, employee or agent of the ACMA is not liable to an action or other proceeding for damages for or in relation to an act done or omitted in good faith in connection with an act done or omitted by the ACMA as mentioned in subsection (3).

313  Obligations of carriers and carriage service providers

             (1)  A carrier or carriage service provider must, in connection with:

                     (a)  the operation by the carrier or provider of telecommunications networks or facilities; or

                     (b)  the supply by the carrier or provider of carriage services;

do the carrier’s best or the provider’s best to prevent telecommunications networks and facilities from being used in, or in relation to, the commission of offences against the laws of the Commonwealth or of the States and Territories.

             (2)  A carriage service intermediary must do the intermediary’s best to prevent telecommunications networks and facilities from being used in, or in relation to, the commission of offences against the laws of the Commonwealth or of the States and Territories.

             (3)  A carrier or carriage service provider must, in connection with:

                     (a)  the operation by the carrier or provider of telecommunications networks or facilities; or

                     (b)  the supply by the carrier or provider of carriage services;

give officers and authorities of the Commonwealth and of the States and Territories such help as is reasonably necessary for the following purposes:

                     (c)  enforcing the criminal law and laws imposing pecuniary penalties;

                     (d)  protecting the public revenue;

                     (e)  safeguarding national security.

Note:          Section 314 deals with the terms and conditions on which such help is to be provided.

             (4)  A carriage service intermediary who arranges for the supply by a carriage service provider of carriage services must, in connection with:

                     (a)  the operation by the provider of telecommunications networks or facilities; or

                     (b)  the supply by the provider of carriage services;

give officers and authorities of the Commonwealth and of the States and Territories such help as is reasonably necessary for the following purposes:

                     (c)  enforcing the criminal law and laws imposing pecuniary penalties;

                     (d)  protecting the public revenue;

                     (e)  safeguarding national security.

Note:          Section 314 deals with the terms and conditions on which such help is to be provided.

             (5)  A carrier or carriage service provider is not liable to an action or other proceeding for damages for or in relation to an act done or omitted in good faith:

                     (a)  in performance of the duty imposed by subsection (1), (2), (3) or (4); or

                     (b)  in compliance with a direction that the ACMA gives in good faith in performance of its duties under section 312.

             (6)  An officer, employee or agent of a carrier or of a carriage service provider is not liable to an action or other proceeding for damages for or in relation to an act done or omitted in good faith in connection with an act done or omitted by the carrier or provider as mentioned in subsection (5).

             (7)  A reference in this section to giving help includes a reference to giving help by way of:

                     (a)  the provision of interception services, including services in executing an interception warrant under the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979; or

                     (b)  giving effect to a stored communications warrant under that Act; or

                     (c)  providing relevant information about:

                              (i)  any communication that is lawfully intercepted under such an interception warrant; or

                             (ii)  any communication that is lawfully accessed under such a stored communications warrant; or

                     (d)  giving effect to authorisations under Division 3 or 4 of Part 4‑1 of that Act; or

                     (e)  disclosing information or a document in accordance with section 280 of this Act.

Note:          Additional obligations concerning interception capability and delivery capability are, or may be, imposed on a carrier or carriage service provider under Chapter 5 of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979.

314  Terms and conditions on which help is to be given

             (1)  This section applies if a person is required to give help to an officer or authority of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory as mentioned in subsection 313(3) or (4).

             (2)  The person must comply with the requirement on the basis that the person neither profits from, nor bears the costs of, giving that help.

             (3)  The person must comply with the requirement on such terms and conditions as are:

                     (a)  agreed between the following parties:

                              (i)  the person;

                             (ii)  the Commonwealth, the State or the Territory, as the case may be; or

                     (b)  failing agreement, determined by an arbitrator appointed by the parties.

If the parties fail to agree on the appointment of an arbitrator, the ACMA is to appoint the arbitrator.

             (4)  An arbitrator appointed by the ACMA under subsection (3) must be a person specified in a written determination made by the Minister.

Note:          A person may be specified by name, by inclusion in a specified class or in any other way.

             (5)  Before making a determination under subsection (4), the Minister must consult the Attorney‑General.

             (6)  If an arbitration under this section is conducted by an arbitrator appointed by the ACMA, the cost of the arbitration must be apportioned equally between the parties.

             (7)  The regulations may make provision for and in relation to the conduct of an arbitration under this section.

             (8)  This section does not apply in relation to the obligation of carriers or carriage service providers under Part 5‑3 or 5‑5 of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979 (about interception capability and delivery capability).

Note:          Part 5‑6 of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979 contains provisions about the allocation of costs in relation to interception capability and delivery capability.

315  Suspension of supply of carriage service in an emergency

             (1)  If a senior officer of a police force or service has reasonable grounds to believe that:

                     (a)  an individual has access to a particular carriage service; and

                     (b)  the individual has:

                              (i)  done an act that has resulted, or is likely to result, in loss of life or in the infliction of serious personal injury; or

                             (ii)  made an imminent threat to kill, or seriously injure, another person; or

                            (iii)  made an imminent threat to cause serious damage to property; or

                            (iv)  made an imminent threat to take the individual’s own life; or

                             (v)  made an imminent threat to do an act that will, or is likely to, endanger the individual’s own life or create a serious threat to the individual’s health or safety; and

                     (c)  the suspension of the supply of the carriage service is reasonably necessary to:

                              (i)  prevent a recurrence of the act mentioned in subparagraph (b)(i); or

                             (ii)  prevent or reduce the likelihood of the carrying out of a threat mentioned in subparagraph (b)(ii), (iii), (iv) or (v);

the officer may request a carriage service provider to suspend the supply of the carriage service.

             (2)  The carriage service provider may comply with the request.

             (3)  This section does not, by implication, limit any other powers that the provider may have to suspend the supply of the carriage service.

          (3A)  The provider is not liable to an action or other proceeding for damages for or in relation to an act done or omitted in good faith in compliance with the request.

          (3B)  An officer, employee or agent of the provider is not liable to an action or other proceeding for damages for or in relation to an act done or omitted in good faith in connection with an act done or omitted by the provider as mentioned in subsection (3A).

             (4)  In this section:

senior officer, in relation to a police force or service, means a commissioned officer of the force or service who holds a rank not lower than the rank of Assistant Commissioner.

316  Generality of Part not limited

                   Nothing in this Part limits the generality of anything else in it.


 

Part 16Defence requirements and disaster plans

Division 1Introduction

333  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      A carriage service provider may be required to supply a carriage service for defence purposes or for the management of natural disasters.

•      A carrier or carriage service provider may be required to enter into an agreement with the Commonwealth about:

          (a)     planning for network survivability; or

          (b)     operational requirements in times of crisis.

•      A carrier licence condition or a service provider rule may deal with compliance with a disaster plan.

334  Defence authority

                   For the purposes of this Part, a defence authority is:

                     (a)  the Secretary to the Department of Defence; or

                     (b)  the Chief of the Defence Force.


 

Division 2Supply of carriage services

335  Requirement to supply carriage services for defence purposes or for the management of natural disasters

             (1)  A defence authority may give a carriage service provider a written notice requiring the provider to supply a specified carriage service for the use of:

                     (a)  the Department of Defence; or

                     (b)  the Defence Force.

             (2)  A defence authority must not issue a notice about a carriage service unless the service is required for:

                     (a)  defence purposes; or

                     (b)  for the purposes of the management of natural disasters;

or both.

             (3)  A notice issued by a defence authority requiring a carriage service provider to supply a carriage service in particular circumstances is of no effect if there is in force a written certificate issued by the ACMA stating that, in the ACMA’s opinion, it would be unreasonable for the provider to be required to supply the service in those circumstances.

             (4)  If a requirement is in force, the provider must supply the carriage service in accordance with the requirement and on such terms and conditions as are:

                     (a)  agreed between the provider and the defence authority; or

                     (b)  failing agreement, determined by an arbitrator appointed by the parties.

If the parties cannot agree on the appointment of an arbitrator, the ACCC is to be the arbitrator.

             (5)  The regulations may make provision for and in relation to the conduct of an arbitration under this section.

             (6)  The regulations may provide that, for the purposes of a particular arbitration conducted by the ACCC under this section, the ACCC may be constituted by a single member, or a specified number of members, of the ACCC. For each such arbitration, that member or those members are to be nominated in writing by the Chairperson of the ACCC.

             (7)  Subsection (6) does not, by implication, limit subsection (5).


 

Division 3Defence planning

336  Definitions

                   In this Division:

certified agreement has the meaning given by section 338.

crisis means:

                     (a)  war, war‑like conflict or war‑like operations; or

                     (b)  civil disturbance; or

                     (c)  terrorism; or

                     (d)  earthquakes, floods, fire, cyclones, storms or other disasters (whether natural or resulting from the acts or omissions of humans).

draft agreement means a draft agreement prepared under section 337.

network survivability means the ability of a telecommunications network, or of a facility, to continue to function in times of crisis.

337  Preparation of draft agreement

             (1)  A defence authority may prepare a draft agreement to be entered into by the defence authority (on behalf of the Commonwealth) and:

                     (a)  a carrier; or

                     (b)  a carriage service provider.

             (2)  The agreement must be about:

                     (a)  planning for network survivability; or

                     (b)  operational requirements in times of crisis;

or both.

             (3)  In preparing the draft agreement, the defence authority must consult the carrier or provider concerned.

338  ACMA’s certification of draft agreement

             (1)  The ACMA may certify a draft agreement if the ACMA is of the opinion that the draft agreement is reasonable.

             (2)  On being certified, the draft agreement becomes a certified agreement.

             (3)  In deciding whether to certify a draft agreement, the ACMA must have regard to whether the draft agreement deals with the following matters in a reasonable way:

                     (a)  consultation with a defence authority about maintenance, installation, modification and removal of telecommunications networks or facilities;

                     (b)  consultation with a defence authority about operational arrangements in times of crisis;

                     (c)  the protection of confidential information, including restrictions on the uses to which such information may be put;

                     (d)  grants of financial assistance (including conditional grants) by the Commonwealth for purposes relating to:

                              (i)  network survivability; or

                             (ii)  operational requirements in times of crisis;

                            or both.

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, in determining whether a particular matter is reasonable, the ACMA must have regard to:

                     (a)  the needs of the Department of Defence and of the Defence Force; and

                     (b)  the interests of the carrier or carriage service provider concerned.

This subsection does not, by implication, limit the meaning of the expression “reasonable”.

             (5)  In deciding whether to certify a draft agreement, the ACMA must consult the parties to the agreement.

             (6)  As soon as practicable after deciding whether to certify a draft agreement, the ACMA must give each of the parties to the agreement a written notice setting out its decision.

339  Requirement to enter into certified agreement

             (1)  This section applies if the ACMA has certified a draft agreement relating to a carrier or carriage service provider.

             (2)  A defence authority may give:

                     (a)  the carrier; or

                     (b)  the carriage service provider;

as the case requires, a written notice requiring the carrier or provider to enter into the agreement within 30 days after receiving the notice.

             (3)  The carrier or provider must comply with the notice.

340  Compliance with agreement

                   If:

                     (a)  a carrier; or

                     (b)  a carriage service provider;

has entered into a certified agreement, the carrier or provider, as the case requires, must comply with the agreement, so long as the agreement remains in force.

341  Withdrawal of certification of agreement

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a certified agreement is in force at a particular time; and

                     (b)  the ACMA is of the opinion that, if the agreement were a draft agreement at that time, the ACMA would have refused to certify it.

             (2)  The ACMA must withdraw its certification of the agreement.

             (3)  As soon as practicable after withdrawing its certification of the agreement, the ACMA must give each of the parties to the agreement a written notice stating that it has withdrawn its certification of the agreement.

342  Duration of agreement

             (1)  If a certified agreement has been entered into, it remains in force until it is revoked under this section.

             (2)  A certified agreement is revoked if the parties enter into a fresh certified agreement that is expressed to replace the original agreement.

             (3)  If the ACMA withdraws its certification of a certified agreement, the agreement is revoked 60 days after the withdrawal.

343  Variation of agreement

             (1)  This section applies if a certified agreement is in force.

             (2)  A defence authority may prepare a draft variation of the agreement.

             (3)  In preparing the draft variation, the defence authority must consult the carrier or carriage service provider concerned.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a defence authority has prepared a draft variation of a certified agreement; and

                     (b)  the ACMA is of the opinion that, if the agreement, as proposed to be varied, were a draft agreement, the ACMA would certify the agreement;

the ACMA must certify the variation.

             (5)  Before forming an opinion referred to in paragraph (4)(b) about an agreement, the ACMA must consult the parties to the agreement.

             (6)  After deciding whether to certify a draft variation of a certified agreement, the ACMA must give each of the parties to the agreement a written notice setting out its decision.

             (7)  If the ACMA certifies a draft variation of a certified agreement, the agreement is varied accordingly.


 

Division 4Disaster plans

344  Designated disaster plans

                   For the purposes of this Division, a designated disaster plan is a plan that:

                     (a)  is for coping with disasters and/or civil emergencies; and

                     (b)  is prepared by the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory.

345  Carrier licence conditions about designated disaster plans

             (1)  An instrument under section 63 imposing conditions on a carrier licence held by a carrier may make provision for and in relation to compliance by the carrier with one or more specified designated disaster plans.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not, by implication, limit section 63.

346  Service provider determinations about designated disaster plans

             (1)  Service provider determinations under section 99 may make provision for and in relation to compliance by one or more specified carriage service providers with one or more specified designated disaster plans.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not, by implication, limit section 99.

346A  Carrier and carriage service provider immunity

             (1)  A carrier or carriage service provider is not liable to an action or other proceeding for damages for or in relation to an act done or omitted in good faith in compliance with a designated disaster plan covered by subsection 345(1) or 346(1), as the case may be.

             (2)  An officer, employee or agent of a carrier or of a carriage service provider is not liable to an action or other proceeding for damages for or in relation to an act done or omitted in good faith in connection with an act done or omitted by the carrier or provider as mentioned in subsection (1).


 

Division 5Delegation

347  Delegation

             (1)  The Secretary to the Department of Defence may, by writing, delegate to an SES employee or acting SES employee in that Department any or all of the Secretary’s powers under this Part.

             (2)  The Chief of the Defence Force may, by writing, delegate to a member of the Defence Force holding a senior rank any or all of the powers conferred on the Chief of the Defence Force by this Part.

             (3)  In this section:

senior rank means a rank not lower than:

                     (a)  in the case of the Royal Australian Navy—the rank of Commodore; or

                     (b)  in the case of the Australian Army—the rank of Brigadier; or

                     (c)  in the case of the Royal Australian Air Force—the rank of Air Commodore.


 

Part 17Pre‑selection in favour of carriage service providers

  

348  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      The ACMA must require certain carriers and carriage service providers to provide pre‑selection in favour of carriage service providers.

•      Pre‑selection must include over‑ride dial codes for selecting alternative carriage service providers on a call‑by‑call basis.

349  Requirement to provide pre‑selection

             (1)  The ACMA must make a written determination requiring each carrier or carriage service provider who supplies a standard telephone service to:

                     (a)  provide pre‑selection in favour of a specified carriage service provider, in relation to calls made using a standard telephone service, in the manner specified in the determination; and

                     (b)  comply with such ancillary or incidental rules (if any) as are set out in the determination.

             (2)  The ACMA must make a written determination requiring each carrier or carriage service provider who supplies a specified declared carriage service to:

                     (a)  provide pre‑selection in favour of a specified carriage service provider, in relation to calls made using the carriage service, in the manner specified in the determination; and

                     (b)  comply with such ancillary or incidental rules (if any) as are set out in the determination.

Note:          Declared carriage service is defined by section 350A.

             (3)  In making a determination under subsection (1) or (2), the ACMA must have regard to:

                     (a)  the technical feasibility of complying with the requirement concerned; and

                     (b)  the costs and benefits of complying with the requirement concerned.

             (4)  Subsection (3) does not, by implication, limit the matters to which regard may be had.

             (5)  A reference in this section to a standard telephone service does not include a reference to a service that is supplied by means of a public mobile telecommunications service.

             (6)  Before making a determination under this section, the ACMA must consult the ACCC.

             (7)  In making a determination under this section, the ACMA may apply, adopt or incorporate (with or without modification) any matter contained in a code or standard proposed or approved by a body or association, either:

                     (a)  as in force or existing at a particular time; or

                     (b)  as in force or existing from time to time.

This subsection does not, by implication, limit section 589.

             (8)  A determination under this section is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

350  When pre‑selection is provided in favour of a carriage service provider

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, a determination requires a carrier to provide pre‑selection in favour of a carriage service provider in relation to calls made using a particular carriage service if, and only if, the determination requires:

                     (a)  the controlled networks and controlled facilities of the carrier to permit an end‑user to:

                              (i)  pre‑select the carriage service provider as the end‑user’s preferred carriage service provider for such of the end‑user’s requirements, in relation to calls made using that carriage service, as are specified in the determination; and

                             (ii)  change that selection from time to time; and

                     (c)  the controlled networks and controlled facilities of the carrier to provide over‑ride dial codes for selecting alternative carriage service providers, in relation to calls made using that carriage service, on a call‑by‑call basis.

Note:          End‑user is defined by subsection (3).

             (2)  For the purposes of this Part, a determination requires a carriage service provider (the first provider) to provide pre‑selection in favour of another carriage service provider (the second provider) in relation to calls made using a particular carriage service if, and only if, the determination requires:

                     (a)  the controlled networks and controlled facilities of the first provider to permit an end‑user to:

                              (i)  pre‑select the second provider as the end‑user’s preferred carriage service provider for such of the end‑user’s requirements, in relation to calls made using that carriage service, as are specified in the determination; and

                             (ii)  change that selection from time to time; and

                     (c)  the controlled networks and controlled facilities of the first provider to provide over‑ride dial codes for selecting alternative carriage service providers, in relation to calls made using that carriage service, on a call‑by‑call basis.

Note:          End‑user is defined by subsection (3).

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, an end‑user, in relation to a controlled network or a controlled facility, is an end‑user of a carriage service that involves the use of the network or facility.

             (4)  Each of the following is an example of an end‑user’s requirements:

                     (a)  the end‑user’s requirements relating to domestic long‑distance calls;

                     (b)  the end‑user’s requirements relating to international calls.

350A  Declared carriage services

             (1)  The ACCC may, by written instrument, declare that a specified carriage service is a declared carriage service for the purposes of this Part.

             (2)  The declaration has effect accordingly.

             (3)  In deciding whether to make a declaration under this section, the ACCC must have regard to whether the declaration will promote the long‑term interests of end‑users of:

                     (a)  carriage services; or

                     (b)  services supplied by means of carriage services.

             (4)  The ACCC may have regard to any other matters that it thinks are relevant.

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, the question whether a particular thing promotes the long‑term interests of end‑users of:

                     (a)  carriage services; or

                     (b)  services supplied by means of carriage services;

is to be determined in the same manner in which that question is determined for the purposes of Part XIC of the Trade Practices Act 1974.

Note:          See section 152AB of the Trade Practices Act 1974.

351  Pre‑selection to be provided

             (1)  This section applies to a person if a determination under section 349 is in force and that determination requires the person to provide pre‑selection.

             (2)  A person must provide pre‑selection in accordance with the requirements set out in the determination and on such terms and conditions as are:

                     (a)  agreed between the following parties:

                              (i)  the person;

                             (ii)  the carriage service provider in whose favour pre‑selection is required to be provided; or

                     (b)  failing agreement, determined by an arbitrator appointed by the parties.

If the parties fail to agree on the appointment of an arbitrator, the ACCC is to be the arbitrator.

             (3)  The regulations may make provision for and in relation to the conduct of an arbitration under this section.

             (4)  The regulations may provide that, for the purposes of a particular arbitration conducted by the ACCC under this section, the ACCC may be constituted by a single member, or a specified number of members, of the ACCC. For each such arbitration, that member or those members are to be nominated in writing by the Chairperson of the ACCC.

             (5)  Subsection (4) does not, by implication, limit subsection (3).

             (6)  A person must comply with any rules set out in the determination as mentioned in paragraph 349(1)(b) or (2)(b).

352  Exemptions from requirement to provide pre‑selection

             (1)  The ACMA may, by notice in the Gazette, declare that a specified carrier or carriage service provider is exempt from a requirement imposed under section 349. The declaration has effect accordingly.

Note:          Carriers or providers may be specified by name, by inclusion in a particular class or in any other way.

             (2)  In deciding whether a carrier or carriage service provider should be exempt from a requirement imposed under section 349, the ACMA must have regard to the following matters:

                     (a)  whether it would be technically feasible for the carrier or provider to comply with the requirement concerned;

                     (b)  whether compliance with the requirement concerned would impose unreasonable financial hardship on the carrier or provider.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not, by implication, limit the matters to which the ACMA may have regard.

             (4)  Before making a declaration under this section, the ACMA must consult the ACCC.

353  Use of over‑ride dial codes

             (1)  This section applies to a carriage service provider (the first provider) if:

                     (a)  the first provider supplies a carriage service that involves the use of a controlled network, or a controlled facility, of a carrier, of the first provider or of another carriage service provider; and

                     (b)  in accordance with a determination under section 349, the network or facility, as the case may be, provides over‑ride dial codes for selecting alternative carriage service providers on a call‑by‑call basis.

             (2)  Unless, in the ACMA’s opinion:

                     (a)  it would not be technically feasible; or

                     (b)  it would impose unreasonable financial hardship on the first provider;

the first provider must take such steps as are necessary to ensure that each end‑user of the carriage service is able to make use of those codes for selecting alternative carriage service providers on a call‑by‑call basis.

             (3)  The requirement in subsection (2) does not, by implication, prevent an alternative carriage service provider from refusing to supply a carriage service to the end‑user concerned.


 

Part 18Calling line identification

  

354  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      Certain switching systems must be capable of providing calling line identification.

355  Calling line identification

             (1)  This section applies to a person if:

                     (a)  the person is a carrier or a carriage service provider; and

                     (b)  a controlled facility of the person consists of:

                              (i)  a switching system used in connection with the supply of a standard telephone service; or

                             (ii)  a switching system of a kind specified in a determination under subsection (3); and

                     (c)  either:

                              (i)  the completion of the installation of the system occurred on or after 1 July 1997; or

                             (ii)  immediately before 1 July 1997, the system was capable of providing calling line identification.

             (2)  The person must take all reasonable steps to ensure that the system is capable of providing calling line identification.

             (3)  The ACMA may make a written determination for the purposes of subparagraph (1)(b)(ii).

             (4)  A determination under subsection (3) is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

356  Exemptions from calling line identification requirement

             (1)  The ACMA may, by notice in the Gazette, declare that a specified person is exempt from the requirement set out in section 355. The declaration has effect accordingly.

Note:          A person may be identified by name, by inclusion in a particular class or in any other way.

             (2)  In deciding whether a person should be exempt from the requirement set out in section 355, the ACMA must have regard to the following matters:

                     (a)  whether it would be unreasonable to impose the requirement;

                     (b)  whether it is in the public interest to impose the requirement.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not, by implication, limit the matters to which the ACMA may have regard.


 

Part 19Advanced Mobile Phone System (AMPS)

  

357  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      The Advanced Mobile Phone System is to be phased out by 1 January 2000.

358  Meaning of AMPS

                   In this Part:

AMPS means the Advanced Mobile Phone System.

Note:          The Advanced Mobile Phone System does not incorporate digital modulation techniques.

359  Scope of Part

                   This Part applies to a person who is:

                     (a)  a carrier; or

                     (b)  a carriage service provider.

360  No new AMPS

                   Before 1 January 2000, a person other than Telstra must not install or operate an AMPS network.

361  AMPS to be phased out

             (1)  On or after 1 January 2000, a person must not install or operate an AMPS network.

             (2)  Before 1 January 2000, a person must comply with any written plan determined by the Minister in relation to:

                     (a)  ceasing installation or operation of an AMPS network; or

                     (b)  ceasing the supply of AMPS services; or

                     (c)  ceasing to use, for AMPS purposes, the radiocommunications spectrum used in relation to AMPS services.

             (3)  Subsections (1) and (2) have effect subject to section 362.

             (4)  A plan under subsection (2) may make provision in relation to a matter by applying, adopting or incorporating (with or without modifications) provisions of any frequency band plan (within the meaning of the Radiocommunications Act 1992), either:

                     (a)  as in force at a particular time; or

                     (b)  as in force from time to time.

             (5)  Subsection (4) does not, by implication, limit section 589.

362  Limited exemption from phase‑out of AMPS

             (1)  A person may install or operate an AMPS network in a particular area:

                     (a)  on or after 1 January 2000; or

                     (b)  contrary to the requirements of a plan of a kind to which subsection 361(2) applies;

if:

                     (c)  the Minister and each eligible mobile carrier agree in writing; or

                     (d)  the Minister agrees in writing after:

                              (i)  the Minister has consulted each eligible mobile carrier; and

                             (ii)  the Minister has determined that the installation or operation of the AMPS network will not erode unduly the practical value to an eligible mobile carrier of the regime embodied in sections 360 and 361.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not authorise a person to do anything that would contravene a provision of this Act (other than section 360 or 361).

             (3)  In this section:

eligible mobile carrier means a person who was a mobile carrier (within the meaning of the Telecommunications Act 1991) immediately before 1 July 1997.

this Act includes the Telecommunications (Consumer Protection and Service Standards) Act 1999 and regulations under that Act.

363  Competition not to be reduced

             (1)  This section applies if a person installs or operates an AMPS network.

             (2)  The person must not use the installation of the AMPS network, or operate the AMPS network, in a way that could unfairly reduce the scope for competition between carriage service providers who supply public mobile telecommunications services.


 

Part 20International aspects of activities of the telecommunications industry

Division 1Simplified outline

364  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      The Minister may give directions to the Signatories to the INTELSAT Agreement and the Inmarsat Convention.

•      Carriers and carriage service providers may be required to comply with certain international conventions.

•      The Minister may make Rules of Conduct about dealings with international telecommunications operators.


 

Division 2Compliance with international agreements

365  INTELSAT and Inmarsat—directions to Signatories

             (1)  This section applies to a person if:

                     (a)  the person is:

                              (i)  a carrier; or

                             (ii)  a carriage service provider; and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  the person is a Signatory within the meaning of the INTELSAT Agreement because the person has been designated, by or on behalf of the Commonwealth and in accordance with Article II(b) of that Agreement, to sign the INTELSAT Operating Agreement; or

                             (ii)  the person is a Signatory within the meaning of the Convention on the International Maritime Satellite Organisation (Inmarsat) because the person has been designated, by or on behalf of the Commonwealth and in accordance with Article 2(3) of that Convention, to sign the Operating Agreement on the International Maritime Satellite Organisation (Inmarsat).

             (2)  The Minister may give the person such written directions as the Minister thinks necessary in relation to the person’s performance of the person’s functions as a Signatory within the meaning of that Agreement or Convention.

             (3)  The Minister must not give a direction under subsection (2) that relates to the manner in which the person is to deal with a particular customer.

             (4)  A person must comply with a direction under subsection (2).

366  Compliance with conventions

             (1)  This section applies to a person who is:

                     (a)  a carrier; or

                     (b)  a carriage service provider.

             (2)  The Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette, declare that, for the purposes of this section, a specified convention is binding in relation to the members of a specified class of persons.

             (3)  A person who is a member of that class must, in connection with:

                     (a)  the operation by the person of telecommunications networks or of facilities; or

                     (b)  the supply by the person of carriage services;

act in a way consistent with Australia’s obligations under that convention.

             (4)  The Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette, declare that, for the purposes of this section, a specified part of a specified convention is binding in relation to the members of a specified class of persons.

             (5)  A person who is a member of that class must, in connection with:

                     (a)  the operation by the person of telecommunications networks or of facilities; or

                     (b)  the supply by the person of carriage services;

act in a way consistent with Australia’s obligations under that part of the convention.

             (6)  In this section:

convention means:

                     (a)  a convention to which Australia is a party; or

                     (b)  an agreement or arrangement between Australia and a foreign country;

and includes, for example, an agreement, arrangement or understanding between a Minister and an official or authority of a foreign country.


 

Division 3Rules of conduct about dealings with international telecommunications operators

367  Rules of conduct about dealings with international telecommunications operators

             (1)  For the purposes of this section, an international telecommunications operator engages in unacceptable conduct if, and only if:

                     (a)  the operator uses, in a manner that is, or is likely to be, contrary to the national interest, the operator’s power in a market for:

                              (i)  carriage services; or

                             (ii)  goods or services for use in connection with the supply of carriage services; or

                            (iii)  the installation of, maintenance of, operation of, or provision of access to, telecommunications networks or facilities; or

                     (b)  the operator uses, in a manner that is, or is likely to be, contrary to the national interest, any legal rights or legal status that the operator has because of foreign laws that relate to:

                              (i)  carriage services; or

                             (ii)  goods or services for use in connection with the supply of carriage services; or

                            (iii)  the installation of, maintenance of, operation of, or provision of access to, telecommunications networks or facilities; or

                     (c)  the operator engages in any other conduct that is, or is likely to be, contrary to the national interest.

             (2)  With a view to preventing, mitigating or remedying unacceptable conduct engaged in by international telecommunications operators, the Minister may, by written instrument, make Rules of Conduct:

                     (a)  prohibiting or regulating dealings by either or both of the following:

                              (i)  carriers;

                             (ii)  carriage service providers;

                            with such operators and with other persons; or

                     (b)  authorising the ACCC to make written determinations of a legislative character, where the determination imposes requirements, prohibitions or restrictions on either or both of the following:

                              (i)  carriers;

                             (ii)  carriage service providers; or

                     (c)  authorising the ACCC to give either or both of the following:

                              (i)  carriers;

                             (ii)  carriage service providers;

                            written directions of an administrative character, where the direction imposes a requirement, prohibition or restriction on the carrier or provider, as the case requires; or

                     (d)  requiring:

                              (i)  carriers; and

                             (ii)  carriage service providers;

                            to comply with:

                            (iii)  a determination mentioned in paragraph (b); or

                            (iv)  a direction mentioned in paragraph (c); or

                     (e)  authorising the ACCC to make information available to:

                              (i)  the public; or

                             (ii)  a specified class of persons; or

                            (iii)  a specified person;

                            if, in the opinion of the ACCC, the disclosure of the information:

                            (iv)  would promote the fair and efficient operation of a market; or

                             (v)  would otherwise be in the national interest.

             (3)  Before the ACCC makes a determination, or gives a direction, under the Rules of Conduct, the ACCC must consult the ACMA.

             (4)  Rules of Conduct are disallowable instruments for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (5)  A determination mentioned in paragraph (2)(b) is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (6)  For the purposes of this section, if a person carries on activities outside Australia that involve:

                     (a)  the supply of a carriage service specified in paragraph 16(1)(b) or (c); or

                     (b)  the supply of goods or services for use in connection with the supply of a carriage service specified in paragraph 16(1)(b) or (c); or

                     (c)  the installation of, maintenance of, operation of or provision of access to:

                              (i)  a telecommunications network; or

                             (ii)  a facility;

                            where the network or facility is used to supply a carriage service specified in paragraph 16(1)(b) or (c);

the person is an international telecommunications operator.

             (7)  In this section:

engaging in conduct has the same meaning as in the Trade Practices Act 1974.

foreign law means a law of a place outside Australia.

international telecommunications operator has the meaning given by subsection (6).

368  ACCC to administer Rules of Conduct

                   The ACCC has the general administration of the Rules of Conduct in force under section 367.

369  Rules of Conduct to bind carriers and carriage service providers

             (1)  This section applies to a person who is:

                     (a)  a carrier; or

                     (b)  a carriage service provider.

             (2)  The person must comply with Rules of Conduct in force under section 367.

             (3)  If a provision of an agreement made by the person is inconsistent with Rules of Conduct in force under section 367, the provision is unenforceable (see section 370).

370  Unenforceability of agreements

             (1)  This section applies if an agreement, or a provision of an agreement, is unenforceable because of section 369.

             (2)  A party to the agreement is not entitled, as against any other party:

                     (a)  to enforce the agreement or provision, as the case may be, whether directly or indirectly; or

                     (b)  to rely on the agreement or provision, as the case may be, whether directly or indirectly and whether by way of defence or otherwise.

             (3)  A party (the first party) to the agreement is not entitled to recover by any means (including, for example, set‑off, a quasi‑contractual claim or a claim for a restitutionary remedy) any amount that another party would have been liable to pay to the first party under or in connection with the agreement or provision, as the case may be, if this section had not been enacted.

371  Investigations by the ACCC

             (1)  This Act does not prevent the ACCC from carrying out an investigation of a contravention of Rules of Conduct in force under section 367.

             (2)  If the ACCC begins an investigation of a contravention of the Rules of Conduct, the ACCC must:

                     (a)  notify the ACMA accordingly; and

                     (b)  consult the ACMA about any significant developments that occur in the course of that investigation.

372  Reviews of the operation of this Division

             (1)  The ACCC must review, and report each financial year to the Minister on, the operation of this Division.

             (2)  The ACCC must give a report under subsection (1) to the Minister as soon as practicable after the end of the financial year concerned.

             (3)  The ACCC must, if directed in writing to do so by the Minister, review, and report to the Minister on, specified matters relating to the operation of this Division.

             (4)  The ACCC must give a report under subsection (3) to the Minister before the end of the period specified in the direction.

             (5)  The Minister must cause a copy of a report under this section to be laid before each House of the Parliament within 15 sitting days of that House after receiving the report.


 

Part 21Technical regulation

Division 1Simplified outline

373  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      The ACMA may make the following types of standards:

               (a)     technical standards about customer equipment and customer cabling;

               (b)     standards relating to the features of customer equipment that are designed to cater for the special needs of persons with disabilities;

               (c)     technical standards about the interconnection of facilities.

•      The ACMA may require customer equipment and customer cabling to be labelled so as to indicate compliance with standards.

•      The ACMA may issue connection permits, and make connection rules, authorising the connection of customer equipment and customer cabling that does not comply with the labelling requirements.

•      A label may include a compliance symbol. The unauthorised use of compliance symbols is prohibited.

•      The ACMA may grant cabling licences, and make cabling provider rules, authorising the performance of cabling work.

•      Civil actions may be instituted for unlawful or dangerous connections of customer equipment or customer cabling.

•      Dangerous equipment and cabling may be disconnected from networks.

•      The ACMA may prohibit the supply or possession of dangerous equipment or cabling.


 

Division 2Interpretative provisions

374  Part applies to networks or facilities in Australia operated by carriers or carriage service providers

             (1)  A reference in this Part to a telecommunications network is a reference to a telecommunications network in Australia that is operated by a carrier or carriage service provider.

             (2)  A reference in this Part to a facility is a reference to a facility in Australia that is operated by a carrier or carriage service provider.

375  Manager of network or facility

                   For the purposes of this Part, the manager of:

                     (a)  a telecommunications network; or

                     (b)  a facility of a telecommunications network;

is the carrier, or carriage service provider, who operates the network or facility, as the case may be.


 

Division 3Technical standards about customer equipment and customer cabling

376  ACMA’s power to make technical standards

             (1)  The ACMA may, by written instrument, make a technical standard relating to specified customer equipment or specified customer cabling.

             (2)  Standards under this section are to consist only of such requirements as are necessary or convenient for:

                     (a)  protecting the integrity of a telecommunications network or a facility; or

                     (b)  protecting the health or safety of persons who:

                              (i)  operate; or

                             (ii)  work on; or

                            (iii)  use services supplied by means of; or

                            (iv)  are otherwise reasonably likely to be affected by the operation of;

                            a telecommunications network or a facility; or

                     (c)  ensuring that customer equipment can be used to give access to an emergency call service; or

                     (d)  ensuring, for the purpose of the supply of a standard telephone service, the interoperability of customer equipment with a telecommunications network to which the equipment is, or is proposed to be, connected; or

                     (e)  achieving an objective specified in the regulations.

             (3)  Regulations made for the purposes of paragraph (2)(e) must not specify an objective if the achievement of the objective is likely to have the effect (whether direct or indirect) of requiring a telecommunications network or a facility to:

                     (a)  have particular design features; or

                     (b)  meet particular performance requirements.

             (4)  A standard under this section may be of general application or may be limited as provided in the standard. This subsection does not, by implication, limit subsection 33(3A) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (5)  A standard under this section takes effect:

                     (a)  if the instrument making the standard specifies a day for the purpose—on that day; or

                     (b)  otherwise—on the day on which the standard was notified in the Gazette.

             (6)  A standard under this section is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

377  Adoption of voluntary standards

             (1)  In making a technical standard under section 376, the ACMA may apply, adopt or incorporate (with or without modification) any matter contained in a standard proposed or approved by:

                     (a)  Standards Australia International Limited; or

                     (b)  any other body or association;

either:

                     (c)  as in force or existing at a particular time; or

                     (d)  as in force or existing from time to time.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not, by implication, limit section 589.

378  Procedures for making technical standards

             (1)  Before making a technical standard under section 376, the ACMA must, so far as is practicable, try to ensure that:

                     (a)  interested persons have had an adequate opportunity to make representations about the proposed standard (either directly, or indirectly by means of a report under paragraph (2)(g)); and

                     (b)  due consideration has been given to any representation so made.

Note:          This subsection has effect subject to section 379 (which deals with the ACMA’s power to make standards in cases of urgency).

             (2)  The ACMA may make an arrangement with any of the following bodies or associations:

                     (a)  Standards Australia International Limited;

                     (b)  a body or association approved in writing by Standards Au