Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

Primary content

Renewable Energy (Electricity) Act 2000

  • - C2009C00143
  • In force - Superseded Version
  • View Series
Act No. 174 of 2000 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Act No. 17 of 2009
An Act for the establishment and administration of a scheme to encourage additional electricity generation from renewable energy sources, and for related purposes
Administered by: PMC (DCC)
Registered 06 Apr 2009
Start Date 23 Jun 2008
End Date 30 Jun 2009

Renewable Energy (Electricity) Act 2000

Act No. 174 of 2000 as amended

This compilation was prepared on 6 April 2009
taking into account amendments up to Act No. 17 of 2009

The text of any of those amendments not in force
on that date is appended in the Notes section

The operation of amendments that have been incorporated may be
affected by application provisions that are set out in the Notes section

Prepared by the Office of Legislative Drafting and Publishing,
Attorney‑General’s Department, Canberra

  

  

  


Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                               1

1............ Short title [see Note 1]....................................................................... 1

2............ Commencement [see Note 1].............................................................. 1

3............ Object/outline..................................................................................... 1

4............ Years to which this Act applies......................................................... 2

5............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 2

6............ Act binds Crown................................................................................ 7

7............ Application to the external Territories............................................... 7

7A......... Tax deductibility................................................................................. 8

Part 2—Renewable energy certificates                                                                      9

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                              9

8............ Overview of Part................................................................................ 9

Division 2—Registration of persons                                                                  10

9............ Who can register............................................................................... 10

10.......... Applying for registration.................................................................. 10

11.......... Regulator to approve or refuse application...................................... 10

12.......... Regulator to allocate registration numbers........................................ 10

Division 2A—Provisional accreditation of power stations                      11

12A....... Application for provisional accreditation of a power station.......... 11

12B....... Regulator may give provisional accreditation................................... 11

12C....... Time limit for deciding applications................................................. 12

Division 3—Accreditation of eligible power stations                                13

13.......... Application for accreditation............................................................ 13

14.......... Regulator to determine certain matters............................................. 14

15.......... Regulator to approve or refuse application...................................... 15

15A....... Time limit for deciding applications................................................. 15

15B....... Nominated person for power station............................................... 15

16.......... Regulator to allocate identification codes......................................... 16

17.......... What is an eligible renewable energy source?.................................. 16

Division 4—Creation of certificates                                                                    18

Subdivision A—Electricity generation                                                                  18

18.......... Creating certificates for additional renewable electricity.................. 18

19.......... When certificates may be created..................................................... 19

20.......... Electricity generation return............................................................. 19

20A....... Amending electricity generation returns........................................... 19

Subdivision B—Solar water heaters                                                                      20

21.......... When a certificate may be created.................................................... 20

22.......... How many certificates may be created............................................. 20

23.......... Who may create a certificate............................................................. 20

23AA.... Register of solar water heaters.......................................................... 20

Subdivision BA—Small generation units                                                             21

23A....... When a certificate may be created.................................................... 21

23B....... How many certificates may be created............................................. 21

23C....... Who may create a certificate............................................................. 21

23D....... No other certificates to be created.................................................... 22

23E........ Election to not create certificates under this Subdivision................. 22

Subdivision BB—Solar water heater and small generation unit return        23

23F........ Solar water heater and small generation unit return.......................... 23

Subdivision C—Improper creation of certificates                                               23

24.......... Improper creation of certificates—offences..................................... 23

Division 5—Form and registration of certificates                                       25

25.......... Form and content of certificates—power stations........................... 25

25A....... Form and content of certificates—solar water heaters and small generation units  25

26.......... Certificates must be registered.......................................................... 26

Division 6—Transfer of certificates                                                                    28

27.......... Certificates may be transferred......................................................... 28

28.......... Regulator to be notified.................................................................... 28

Division 7—Retirement of certificates                                                              29

28A....... Registered owner may surrender certificate...................................... 29

29.......... Retirement of certificates.................................................................. 29

Division 8—Suspension of registration                                                             30

30.......... Suspension of registration—conviction of offence........................... 30

30A....... Suspension of registration—other grounds...................................... 30

Division 9—Changing the nominated person for an accredited power station  31

30B....... Changing the nominated person for an accredited power station..... 31

Division 10—Varying what constitutes a power station                           32

30C....... Varying what constitutes a power station........................................ 32

Division 11—Suspending the accreditation of a power station            33

30D....... Suspending the accreditation of a power station—interconnected power stations 33

30E........ Suspending the accreditation of a power station—other grounds.... 34

Division 12—Varying 1997 eligible renewable power baselines         36

30F........ Varying 1997 eligible renewable power baselines............................. 36

Part 3—Acquisition of electricity                                                                                 37

31.......... What are relevant acquisitions?........................................................ 37

32.......... Wholesale acquisitions...................................................................... 38

33.......... Notional wholesale acquisitions....................................................... 38

34.......... Special provision relating to transactions involving NEMMCO or a person or body prescribed by the regulations.......................................................................................................... 39

Part 4—Renewable energy shortfall charge                                                          40

Division 1—Liability to charge                                                                              40

35.......... Liable entities.................................................................................... 40

36.......... Charge payable by liable entity........................................................ 40

37.......... Amount of charge............................................................................. 40

38.......... Determination of renewable energy certificate shortfall................... 41

Division 2—Renewable power percentage                                                     42

39.......... Regulations to specify renewable power percentage........................ 42

40.......... Required GWh of renewable source electricity................................ 43

Division 3—Other provisions related to the charge                                  44

41.......... Arrangements to avoid or reduce renewable energy shortfall charge 44

42.......... Application of Act to Commonwealth............................................. 44

43.......... Cancellation of exemptions from charges......................................... 45

Part 5—Statements and assessments                                                                       46

Division 1—Statements                                                                                             46

44.......... Annual energy acquisition statements.............................................. 46

45.......... Restrictions on certificates that can be surrendered......................... 47

45A....... Amending annual energy acquisition statements.............................. 47

46.......... Annual renewable energy shortfall statements................................. 48

Division 2—Assessments                                                                                        49

47.......... First renewable energy shortfall statement for year taken to be assessment           49

48.......... Default assessments......................................................................... 49

49.......... Amendment of assessments............................................................. 50

50.......... Refund of overpaid amounts............................................................ 52

51.......... Amended assessment to be an assessment....................................... 52

52.......... Notice of assessment........................................................................ 52

53.......... Validity of assessment...................................................................... 52

53A....... Application of Division.................................................................... 53

Part 6—Objections, reviews and appeals                                                                54

Division 1—Objections to and review of assessments                             54

54.......... Objections......................................................................................... 54

55.......... How objections are to be made......................................................... 54

56.......... Limited objection rights in the case of certain amended assessments 54

57.......... Requests for extension of time......................................................... 54

58.......... Regulator to decide objections.......................................................... 55

59.......... Person may require Regulator to make an objection decision........... 55

60.......... Liable entity may seek review of, or appeal against, Regulator’s decision              56

61.......... Grounds of objection and burden of proof....................................... 56

62.......... Time limit for appeals...................................................................... 56

63.......... Order of Federal Court on objection decision................................... 57

64.......... Implementation of Federal Court order in respect of objection decision 57

65.......... Pending appeal not to affect implementation of decisions............... 57

Division 2—Review of other decisions                                                             58

66.......... Review of decisions.......................................................................... 58

Part 7—Collection and recovery of charge                                                            60

Division 1—General rules about collection and recovery                      60

67.......... When renewable energy shortfall charge becomes due and payable. 60

68.......... When penalty charge becomes due and payable............................... 60

69.......... Extension of time for payment......................................................... 60

70.......... Penalty for unpaid renewable energy shortfall charge or unpaid penalty charge     60

71.......... Recovery of renewable energy shortfall charge related liability....... 61

72.......... Service of documents if a person is absent from Australia or cannot be found       62

Division 2—Special rules about collection and recovery                        63

Subdivision A—Recovery from a third party                                                        63

73.......... Regulator may collect amounts from third party............................. 63

74.......... Notice to Commonwealth, State or Territory.................................. 64

75.......... Indemnity......................................................................................... 65

76.......... Offence............................................................................................. 65

Subdivision B—Recovery from liquidator                                                            65

77.......... Liquidator’s obligation...................................................................... 65

78.......... Offence............................................................................................. 67

79.......... Joint liability of 2 or more liquidators.............................................. 67

80.......... Liquidator’s other obligation or liability........................................... 67

Subdivision C—Recovery from receiver                                                               67

81.......... Receiver’s obligation......................................................................... 67

82.......... Offence............................................................................................. 68

83.......... Joint liability of 2 or more receivers................................................. 69

84.......... Receiver’s other obligation or liability.............................................. 69

Subdivision D—Recovery from agent winding up business for non‑resident principal     69

85.......... Obligation of agent winding up business for non‑resident principal 69

86.......... Offence............................................................................................. 70

87.......... Joint liability of 2 or more agents..................................................... 70

88.......... Agent’s other obligation or liability.................................................. 70

Subdivision E—Recovery from deceased person’s estate                                  71

89.......... Administered estate.......................................................................... 71

90.......... Unadministered estate...................................................................... 72

Division 3—Other matters                                                                                      73

91.......... What this Division is about.............................................................. 73

92.......... Right of recovery if another person is liable..................................... 73

93.......... Right of contribution if persons are jointly liable............................. 73

94.......... Regulator may authorise amount to be recovered............................. 74

Part 8—Refunding charge                                                                                                75

95.......... Refunding charge in later years......................................................... 75

96.......... Value of certificates surrendered....................................................... 75

97.......... Certificates can only be surrendered if there is no shortfall............. 75

98.......... Refund of charge where certificates surrendered.............................. 76

Part 9—Penalty charge                                                                                                      77

99.......... Failure to provide statements or information................................... 77

100........ False or misleading statements......................................................... 78

101........ Penalty charge where arrangement to avoid renewable energy shortfall charge       78

102........ Assessment of penalty charge.......................................................... 79

103........ Remitting penalty charge.................................................................. 79

Part 10—Administration                                                                                                    80

104........ General administration of Act.......................................................... 80

105........ Annual report................................................................................... 80

Part 11—Audit                                                                                                                        81

Division 1—Overview                                                                                                81

106........ Overview of Part.............................................................................. 81

Division 2—Appointment of authorised officers and identity cards  82

107........ Appointment of authorised officers................................................. 82

108........ Identity cards.................................................................................... 82

109........ Offences related to identity cards..................................................... 82

Division 3—Powers of authorised officer                                                         84

Subdivision A—Monitoring powers                                                                       84

110........ Entry to premises............................................................................. 84

111........ Monitoring powers of authorised officers........................................ 84

Subdivision B—Power of authorised officer to ask questions and seek production in certain circumstances             86

112........ Authorised officer may request or require persons to answer questions etc.          86

113........ Failure to provide information to authorised officer........................ 86

Division 4—Obligations and incidental powers of authorised officers 88

116........ Authorised officer must produce identity card on request............... 88

117........ Consent............................................................................................. 88

118........ Announcement before entry............................................................. 88

119........ Details of monitoring warrant to be given to occupier etc. before entry 88

120........ Use of electronic equipment in exercising monitoring powers......... 89

121........ Compensation for damage to electronic equipment.......................... 90

Division 5—Occupier’s rights and responsibilities                                    91

122........ Occupier entitled to be present during execution of monitoring warrant 91

123........ Occupier to provide authorised officer with all facilities and assistance 91

124........ Offences related to warrants............................................................. 91

Division 6—Warrants                                                                                                 92

125........ Monitoring warrants......................................................................... 92

Part 11A—Information‑gathering powers                                                               93

125A..... Regulator may obtain information and documents........................... 93

125B..... Self‑incrimination.............................................................................. 94

125C..... Copies of documents........................................................................ 94

125D..... Regulator may retain documents...................................................... 94

125E...... False or misleading evidence............................................................. 95

Part 12—Secrecy                                                                                                                   96

126........ Persons to whom Part applies.......................................................... 96

127........ Information may be recorded or divulged only for purposes of Act 96

128........ Court may not require information or documents............................ 97

129........ Information may be divulged to persons performing duties under this Act            97

130........ Information may be divulged to court for purposes of this Act...... 97

131........ Information may be divulged with consent of the subject of the information         98

132........ Information may be divulged to specified persons or bodies........... 98

133........ Australian Bureau of Statistics to observe secrecy requirements..... 98

134........ Regulator may publish certain information...................................... 99

Part 13—Registers                                                                                                             100

Division 1—General                                                                                                  100

135........ Registers to be maintained.............................................................. 100

Division 2—The register of registered persons                                        101

136........ Contents of register of registered persons...................................... 101

137........ Form of register.............................................................................. 101

Division 3—The register of accredited power stations                          102

138........ Contents of register of accredited power stations.......................... 102

139........ Form of register.............................................................................. 102

Division 4—The register of renewable energy certificates                 103

140........ Contents of register of renewable energy certificates..................... 103

141........ Form of register.............................................................................. 103

Division 5—The register of applications for accredited power stations                104

141A..... Contents of register of applications for accredited power stations 104

141B..... Form of register.............................................................................. 104

Part 14—Renewable Energy Regulator and Office of the Renewable Energy Regulator                105

Division 1—Renewable Energy Regulator                                                   105

142........ Renewable Energy Regulator.......................................................... 105

143........ Appointment of Regulator............................................................. 105

144........ Remuneration of Regulator............................................................. 105

145........ Recreation leave etc........................................................................ 106

146........ Resignation..................................................................................... 106

147........ Removal from office etc.................................................................. 106

147A..... Disclosure of interests.................................................................... 107

148........ Acting appointment........................................................................ 108

Division 2—Office of the Renewable Energy Regulator                       109

149........ Establishment................................................................................. 109

150........ Function.......................................................................................... 109

151........ Staff................................................................................................ 109

Part 15—Offences for failure to provide documents                                      110

154........ Failure to provide documents......................................................... 110

Part 16—Miscellaneous                                                                                                  111

155........ Contracting outsiders...................................................................... 111

156........ Delegation....................................................................................... 111

157........ Appropriation................................................................................ 112

158........ Judicial notice of signature.............................................................. 112

159........ Evidence.......................................................................................... 112

160........ Records to be kept and preserved by registered persons and liable entities            113

161........ Regulations..................................................................................... 114

162........ Review of operation of Act............................................................ 114

Part 17—Application of Act to 2001                                                                         116

163........ Object of Part................................................................................. 116

164........ Modification of references to a year............................................... 116

165........ Modification of other references.................................................... 116

Notes                                                                                                                                          117


An Act for the establishment and administration of a scheme to encourage additional electricity generation from renewable energy sources, and for related purposes

Part 1Preliminary

  

1  Short title [see Note 1]

                   This Act may be cited as the Renewable Energy (Electricity) Act 2000.

2  Commencement [see Note 1]

                   This Act commences 28 days after the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

3  Object/outline

The objects of this Act are:

       (a)      to encourage the additional generation of electricity from renewable sources; and

       (b)      to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases; and

       (c)      to ensure that renewable energy sources are ecologically sustainable.

This is done through the issuing of certificates for the generation of electricity using eligible renewable energy sources and requiring certain purchasers (called liable entities) to surrender a specified number of certificates for the electricity that they acquire during a year.

Where a liable entity does not have enough certificates to surrender, the liable entity will have to pay renewable energy shortfall charge.

4  Years to which this Act applies

                   This Act applies to the year commencing on 1 January 2001 and to all subsequent years. However, no certificates can be created, and no liability arises, in respect of electricity generated on or after 1 January 2021.

5  Definitions

             (1)  In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:

1997 eligible renewable power baseline has the meaning given by section 14.

accredited power station means a power station accredited under Division 3 of Part 2.

Agriculture Department means the Department responsible for administering the Primary Industries Levies and Charges Collection Act 1991.

arrangement means:

                     (a)  any agreement, arrangement, understanding, promise or undertaking, whether express or implied and whether or not enforceable, or intended to be enforceable, by legal proceedings; and

                     (b)  any scheme, plan, proposal, action, course of action or course of conduct.

Australia, when used in a geographical sense, includes all the external Territories.

Australian Greenhouse Office, if that Office does not exist, means the Department responsible for administering the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

authorised Commonwealth contractor means a person who:

                     (a)  provides, or proposes to provide, services to the Commonwealth under a contract; and

                     (b)  is authorised, in writing, by the Regulator for the purposes of this definition.

carried forward shortfall has the meaning given by subsection 36(2).

carried forward surplus has the meaning given by section 38.

certificate means a renewable energy certificate created under Division 4 of Part 2.

document includes a document in electronic form.

ecologically sustainable means that an action is consistent with the following principles of ecologically sustainable development:

                     (a)  decision‑making processes should effectively integrate both long‑term and short‑term economic, environmental, social and equitable considerations;

                     (b)  if there are threats of serious or irreversible environmental damage, lack of full scientific certainty should not be used as a reason for postponing measures to prevent environmental degradation;

                     (c)  the principle of inter‑generational equity, which is that the present generation should ensure that the health, diversity and productivity of the environment is maintained or enhanced for the benefit of future generations;

                     (d)  the conservation of biological diversity and ecological integrity should be a fundamental consideration in decision‑making;

                     (e)  improved valuation, pricing and incentive mechanisms should be promoted.

electricity generation return has the meaning given by section 20.

electronic signature of a person means the person’s unique identification in an electronic form that is approved by the Regulator under subsection (3).

eligible renewable energy source has the meaning given by section 17.

energy acquisition statement has the meaning given by section 44.

general interest charge rate, for a day, is the rate that is the general interest charge rate for that day for the purposes of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

government body means the Commonwealth, a State, a Territory or an authority of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory.

GWh means gigawatt hour.

Head of the Australian Greenhouse Office, if that Office does not exist, means the Secretary of the Department responsible for administering the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

interest charge means the charge payable under section 70.

liable entity has the meaning given by section 35.

Minister for Finance means the Minister administering the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997.

monitoring warrant means a warrant issued under section 125.

MW means megawatt.

MWh means megawatt hour.

National Electricity Rules means the National Electricity Rules, as in force from time to time, made under the National Electricity Law set out in the Schedule to the National Electricity (South Australia) Act 1996 of South Australia.

NEMMCO has the same meaning as in the National Electricity Law set out in the Schedule to the National Electricity (South Australia) Act 1996 of South Australia.

nominated person, for an accredited power station, means:

                     (a)  if no approvals have been given under section 30B in relation to the power station—the person who made the application for accreditation; or

                     (b)  if one or more approvals have been given under that section in relation to the power station—the last person so approved.

objection decision has the meaning given by section 58.

occupier, in relation to premises, includes a person present at the premises who is in apparent control of the premises.

offence against this Act includes an offence against section 137.1 or 137.2 of the Criminal Code that relates to this Act.

Office of the Renewable Energy Regulator has the meaning given by section 149.

outstanding renewable energy shortfall charge related liability of a person at a particular time means a renewable energy shortfall charge related liability of the person:

                     (a)  that has arisen at or before that time (whether or not it is due and payable at that time); and

                     (b)  an amount of which has not been paid before that time.

penalty charge means the charge payable under Part 9.

premises includes the following:

                     (a)  a structure, building or vehicle;

                     (b)  a place (whether enclosed or built on or not);

                     (c)  a part of a thing referred to in paragraph (a) or (b).

produce includes permit access to.

protected document means a document that:

                     (a)  contains information about a person; and

                     (b)  is obtained or made by a person to whom Part 12 applies in the course of, or because of, the person’s duties under or in relation to this Act.

protected information means information that:

                     (a)  concerns a person; and

                     (b)  is disclosed to, or obtained by, a person to whom Part 12 applies in the course of, or because of, the person’s duties under or in relation to this Act.

registered person means a person registered under Division 2 of Part 2.

register of accredited power stations has the meaning given by section 138.

register of applications for accredited power stations has the meaning given by section 141A.

register of registered persons has the meaning given by section 136.

register of renewable energy certificates has the meaning given by section 140.

registration number has the meaning given by section 12.

Regulator means the Renewable Energy Regulator (see section 142).

relevant acquisition has the meaning given by section 31.

renewable energy certificate means a certificate created under Division 4 of Part 2.

renewable energy shortfall charge means the charge payable under section 36.

renewable energy certificate shortfall has the meaning given by section 38.

renewable energy shortfall charge related liability means a pecuniary liability to the Commonwealth (including a liability the amount of which is not yet due and payable) being:

                     (a)  renewable energy shortfall charge; or

                     (b)  interest charge; or

                     (c)  penalty charge.

renewable energy shortfall statement has the meaning given by section 46.

renewable power percentage means the percentage prescribed under section 39.

required GWh of renewable source electricity has the meaning given by section 40.

required renewable energy has the meaning given by section 38.

senior employee, in relation to an authorised Commonwealth contractor, means an employee of the contractor, where the skills and responsibilities that are expected of the employee are equivalent to, or exceed, the skills and responsibilities expected of at least one of the senior officers of the Office of the Renewable Energy Regulator.

senior officer, in relation to the Office of the Renewable Energy Regulator, means:

                     (a)  an SES employee or acting SES employee in the Office of the Renewable Energy Regulator; or

                     (b)  a person who holds or performs the duties of an Executive Officer (Level 2) office or position in the Office of the Renewable Energy Regulator.

small generation unit means a device that generates electricity that is specified by the regulations to be a small generation unit.

solar water heater means a device that heats water using solar energy that satisfies any conditions set out in the regulations.

stakeholder, in relation to an accredited power station, means:

                     (a)  a person who operates the power station (whether alone or together with one or more other persons); or

                     (b)  a person who owns all, or a part, of the power station (whether alone or together with one or more other persons).

warrant premises, in relation to a monitoring warrant, means the premises to which the warrant relates.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, electricity is taken to be a good that can be acquired.

             (3)  The Regulator may, in writing, approve an electronic form for the purposes of the definition of electronic signature in subsection (1).

6  Act binds Crown

             (1)  This Act binds the Crown in each of its capacities.

             (2)  Nothing in this Act permits the Crown to be prosecuted for an offence.

7  Application to the external Territories

                   This Act extends to every external Territory.

7A  Tax deductibility

                   To avoid doubt, a charge or penalty under this Act is not tax deductible for the purposes of any law dealing with income tax.


 

Part 2Renewable energy certificates

Division 1Preliminary

8  Overview of Part

This Part provides for the creation, trading and extinguishing of renewable energy certificates.

The certificates are used to avoid or reduce the amount of renewable energy shortfall charge that liable entities who acquire electricity have to pay. The liable entities will generally acquire the certificates by purchasing them.

The certificates are created by people who generate power from accredited power stations using eligible renewable energy sources where the amount generated exceeds the relevant 1997 eligible renewable power base line. The certificates are also created for approved installations of solar water heaters or small generation units.

A person needs to be registered under Division 2 before they can create a certificate.

Division 2A provides for provisional accreditation of power stations.

A power station needs to be accredited under Division 3 before a certificate can be issued in relation to power generated by it.

A certificate must be registered when it is created. Every transfer of the certificate must also be registered.

When a certificate has been surrendered by a liable party, it ceases to be valid.


 

Division 2Registration of persons

9  Who can register

             (1)  Any person may be registered under this Act.

             (2)  However, if a person’s registration has been suspended under section 30 or 30A, the person cannot be registered during the period of the suspension.

10  Applying for registration

             (1)  A person may apply to the Regulator to be registered.

             (2)  The application must:

                     (a)  be made in a form and manner required by the Regulator; and

                     (b)  contain any information required by the Regulator; and

                     (c)  be accompanied by any documents required by the Regulator; and

                     (d)  be accompanied by the fee (if any) prescribed by the regulations for the making of applications for registration.

11  Regulator to approve or refuse application

                   If the Regulator receives an application that is properly made under section 10, the Regulator must approve the application unless the person has previously been registered. If the person has previously been registered, the Regulator must refuse the application.

12  Regulator to allocate registration numbers

                   If the Regulator approves an application, the Regulator must allocate the applicant a unique registration number and advise the applicant of the number.


 

Division 2AProvisional accreditation of power stations

12A  Application for provisional accreditation of a power station

             (1)  A registered person may apply to the Regulator for provisional accreditation of the proposed components of an electricity generation system that the person considers would, if assembled, be a single power station.

Form of application

             (2)  The application must:

                     (a)  be made in a form and manner required by the Regulator; and

                     (b)  specify the proposed components; and

                     (c)  list the eligible renewable energy sources from which power is intended to be generated; and

                     (d)  contain any other information required by the Regulator; and

                     (e)  be accompanied by any documents required by the Regulator; and

                      (f)  be accompanied by the fee (if any) prescribed by the regulations for the making of applications for provisional accreditation.

12B  Regulator may give provisional accreditation

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the Regulator receives an application that is properly made under section 12A (about an application for provisional accreditation of a power station); and

                     (b)  the Regulator is satisfied that some or all of the proposed components of the system would, if assembled, be a power station for the purposes of this Act;

the Regulator must, by written notice given to the applicant:

                     (c)  specify which of those proposed components (the provisional components) would, if assembled, be a power station for the purposes of this Act; and

                     (d)  specify that, if an application is properly made under section 13 in relation to the power station:

                              (i)  the Regulator will determine that the components specified in that application are taken to be a power station for the purposes of this Act if the Regulator is satisfied that they are not materially different from the provisional components; and

                             (ii)  the power station will be eligible for accreditation if subsection 14(2) is satisfied.

Refusal

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the Regulator receives an application that is properly made under section 12A; and

                     (b)  the Regulator is not satisfied that some or all of the proposed components of the system would, if assembled, be a power station for the purposes of this Act;

the Regulator must, by written notice given to the applicant, refuse the application.

Regulations

             (3)  Regulations made for the purposes of section 14, in relation to determining the components of a power station, apply in a corresponding way to this section.

12C  Time limit for deciding applications

             (1)  The Regulator must decide an application that is properly made under section 12A within:

                     (a)  the period of 6 weeks beginning on the day the Regulator received the application; or

                     (b)  if, before the end of that period, the Regulator and applicant agree to a longer period—that longer period.

             (2)  If the Regulator has not decided the application within the period applicable under subsection (1), the Regulator is taken, at the end of that period, to have made a decision under section 12B refusing the application.


 

Division 3Accreditation of eligible power stations

13  Application for accreditation

             (1)  A registered person may apply to the Regulator for accreditation, as an accredited power station, of the components of an electricity generation system that the person considers are a single power station if the person:

                     (a)  operates those components (whether alone or together with one or more other persons); or

                     (b)  owns all, or a part, of those components (whether alone or together with one or more other persons).

             (2)  The application must:

                     (a)  be made in a form and manner required by the Regulator; and

                     (b)  specify those components of the system that the applicant considers are a single power station; and

                  (baa)  specify each other person (if any) who:

                              (i)  operates those components (whether alone or together with one or more other persons); or

                             (ii)  owns all, or a part, of those components (whether alone or together with one or more other persons); and

                    (ba)  list:

                              (i)  the eligible renewable energy sources from which power is intended to be generated; and

                             (ii)  the estimated average annual output of each source listed under subparagraph (i); and

                     (c)  contain any other information required by the Regulator; and

                     (d)  be accompanied by any documents required by the Regulator; and

                     (e)  be accompanied by the fee (if any) prescribed by the regulations for the making of applications for accreditation; and

                      (f)  be accompanied by a statement in writing from each other person (if any) specified under paragraph (baa) indicating that the other person agrees to the making of the application.

             (3)  The Regulator must enter details of the application on the register of applications for accredited power stations.

14  Regulator to determine certain matters

             (1)  If the Regulator receives an application that is properly made under section 13, the Regulator must:

                     (a)  determine which components of the system are to be taken to be a power station for the purposes of this Act; and

                     (b)  determine whether the power station is eligible for accreditation.

Note:          A determination under paragraph (a) may be varied: see Division 10.

          (1A)  If:

                     (a)  the Regulator gave a person a notice under subsection 12B(1) in relation to the power station; and

                     (b)  the Regulator is satisfied that the components specified in the application under section 13 are not materially different from the components specified under subsection 12B(1);

the Regulator must determine, under paragraph (1)(a) of this section, that the components specified in the application under section 13 are taken to be a power station for the purposes of this Act.

             (2)  A power station is eligible for accreditation if:

                     (a)  some or all of the power generated by the power station is generated from an eligible renewable energy source; and

                     (b)  the power station satisfies any prescribed requirements.

          (2A)  However, a power station is not eligible for accreditation if the Regulator is satisfied that a previous determination under paragraph (1)(a) should be varied to include the components of the system specified in the application for accreditation.

             (3)  If the Regulator determines that the power station is eligible for accreditation, the Regulator must also determine:

                     (a)  the 1997 eligible renewable power baseline for the power station; and

                     (b)  any energy sources used by the power station that are not eligible renewable energy sources.

Note:          The 1997 eligible renewable power baseline for a power station may be varied: see Division 12.

             (4)  The Regulator must determine the matters specified in paragraphs (1)(a) and (3)(a) in accordance with guidelines prescribed in the regulations.

             (5)  To avoid doubt:

                     (a)  the regulations may provide that a power station includes components that are integral to the operation of the power station or to the generation of electricity by the power station; and

                     (b)  the 1997 eligible renewable power baseline for a power station may be nil.

15  Regulator to approve or refuse application

                   If the Regulator determines that a power station is eligible for accreditation, the Regulator must approve the application. In any other case, the Regulator must refuse the application.

Note:          The accreditation of an accredited power station may be suspended: see Division 11.

15A  Time limit for deciding applications

             (1)  The Regulator must decide an application that is properly made under section 13 within:

                     (a)  the period of 6 weeks beginning on the day the Regulator received the application; or

                     (b)  if, before the end of that period, the Regulator and applicant agree to a longer period—that longer period.

             (2)  If the Regulator has not decided the application within the period applicable under subsection (1), the Regulator is taken, at the end of that period, to have made a decision under section 15 refusing the application.

15B  Nominated person for power station

                   If the Regulator approves an application, the applicant becomes the nominated person for the accredited power station.

Note:          The nominated person for the power station is able to create certificates for electricity generated by the power station: see section 18. The nominated person may change: see Division 9.

16  Regulator to allocate identification codes

                   If the Regulator approves an application, the Regulator must allocate the power station a unique identification code and advise the applicant of the code.

17  What is an eligible renewable energy source?

             (1)  The following energy sources are eligible renewable energy sources:

                     (a)  hydro;

                     (b)  wave;

                     (c)  tide;

                     (d)  ocean;

                     (e)  wind;

                      (f)  solar;

                     (g)  geothermal‑aquifer;

                     (h)  hot dry rock;

                      (i)  energy crops;

                      (j)  wood waste;

                     (k)  agricultural waste;

                      (l)  waste from processing of agricultural products;

                    (m)  food waste;

                     (n)  food processing waste;

                     (o)  bagasse;

                     (p)  black liquor;

                     (q)  biomass‑based components of municipal solid waste;

                      (r)  landfill gas;

                      (s)  sewage gas and biomass‑based components of sewage;

                      (t)  any other energy source prescribed by the regulations.

             (2)  Despite subsection (1), the following energy sources are not eligible renewable energy sources:

                     (a)  fossil fuels;

                     (b)  materials or waste products derived from fossil fuels.

Regulations

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, the regulations may provide that an energy source referred to in subsection (1) or (2) has the meaning prescribed by the regulations.

             (4)  For the purposes of this Act, the regulations may make provision for and in relation to limiting the meaning of an energy source referred to in subsection (1).

             (5)  For the purposes of this Act, the regulations may make provision for and in relation to extending the meaning of an energy source referred to in subsection (2).

Division 4Creation of certificates

Subdivision AElectricity generation

18  Creating certificates for additional renewable electricity

             (1)  The nominated person for an accredited power station may create a certificate for each whole MWh of electricity generated by the power station during a year that is in excess of the power station’s 1997 eligible renewable power baseline.

          (1A)  A certificate must not be created in respect of a whole MWh of electricity generated partly in 1 year and partly in the following year.

             (2)  If the amount of electricity generated by an accredited power station during a year that is in excess of the power station’s 1997 eligible renewable power baseline is less than 1 MWh but greater than or equal to 0.5 MWh, the nominated person for the power station may create 1 certificate in respect of the electricity generated during the year.

             (3)  The amount of electricity generated by an accredited power station is to be worked out in accordance with the regulations.

             (4)  Electricity is to be excluded from all calculations under this section:

                     (a)  to the extent that the electricity was generated using any energy sources that are not eligible renewable energy sources; or

                     (b)  to the extent that the electricity was generated during any period of suspension of the accreditation of the accredited power station under section 30D or 30E.

             (5)  The nominated person for an accredited power station must not create any certificates during any period of suspension of the person’s registration under section 30 or 30A.

19  When certificates may be created

                   A certificate may be created at any time after the generation of the final part of the electricity in relation to which it is created and before the end of the year after the year of generation.

Note:          For offences related to the creation of certificates, see section 24.

20  Electricity generation return

             (1)  The nominated person for an accredited power station must give an electricity generation return for a year to the Regulator on or before:

                     (a)  14 February in the following year; or

                     (b)  any later day allowed by the Regulator.

             (2)  The return must include details of:

                     (a)  the amount of electricity generated by the power station during the year; and

                     (b)  the amount of that electricity that was generated using eligible renewable energy sources; and

                     (c)  the number of certificates created during the year in respect of the electricity generated by the power station during the year; and

                    (ca)  the number of certificates created during the year in respect of any electricity generated by the power station during the previous year; and

                     (d)  any other information specified by the regulations.

20A  Amending electricity generation returns

             (1)  The Regulator may amend an electricity generation return if the nominated person for the accredited power station concerned requests, in writing, an amendment within 12 months of the return being given.

             (2)  The Regulator may also amend an electricity generation return on his or her own initiative if the amendment is made within 4 years of the return being given.

             (3)  If the Regulator refuses to amend an electricity generation return upon a request by a nominated person for an accredited power station, the Regulator must notify the person accordingly.

Subdivision BSolar water heaters

21  When a certificate may be created

             (1)  If a solar water heater is installed on or after 1 April 2001, certificates may be created after the heater is installed.

             (2)  The certificates may only be created within 12 months after the installation of the solar water heater.

             (3)  The regulations may make provision in relation to the time at which a solar water heater is taken to have been installed.

22  How many certificates may be created

             (1)  The number of certificates (each representing 1 MWh) that may be created for a particular installation of a solar water heater is to be determined in accordance with the regulations.

             (2)  Regulations made for the purposes of subsection (1) may:

                     (a)  empower the Regulator to make written determinations; and

                     (b)  require the Regulator to have regard to specified guidelines when making such determinations.

23  Who may create a certificate

             (1)  The owner of the solar water heater at the time that it is installed is entitled to create the certificate or certificates that relate to the solar water heater.

             (2)  However, the owner may, by written notice, assign the right to create the certificate or certificates to another person. If the owner does this, the owner is not entitled to create the certificate or certificates but the person to whom the right was assigned is entitled to create the certificate or certificates.

             (3)  Despite subsections (1) and (2), a person who is not registered may not create a certificate that relates to the solar water heater.

23AA  Register of solar water heaters

                   The regulations may make provision for and in relation to the Regulator keeping a Register of solar water heaters.

Subdivision BASmall generation units

23A  When a certificate may be created

             (1)  If a small generation unit is installed on or after 1 April 2001, certificates may be created after the small generation unit is installed.

             (2)  The regulations may make provision in relation to the time at which a small generation unit is taken to have been installed.

             (3)  The regulations may make provision in relation to:

                     (a)  the time when a right to create certificates in relation to a small generation unit arises; and

                     (b)  the period within which certificates may be created in relation to a small generation unit.

23B  How many certificates may be created

                   The number of certificates (each representing 1 MWh) that may be created in relation to a small generation unit is to be determined in accordance with the regulations.

23C  Who may create a certificate

             (1)  The owner of the small generation unit at the time that a right to create a certificate or certificates arises in relation to the small generation unit is entitled to create the certificate or certificates.

             (2)  However, the owner may, by written notice and in accordance with the regulations, assign the right to create the certificate or certificates to another person. If the owner does this, the owner is not entitled to create the certificate or certificates but the person to whom the right was assigned is entitled to create the certificate or certificates.

             (3)  Despite subsections (1) and (2), a person who is not registered may not create a certificate that relates to the small generation unit.

             (4)  Regulations made for the purposes of subsection (2) may make provision:

                     (a)  in relation to when the right may be assigned; and

                     (b)  in relation to the kind of persons to whom the right may be assigned.

             (5)  Subsection (4) does not limit the regulations that may be made for the purposes of subsection (2).

23D  No other certificates to be created

                   A person must not create certificates under Subdivision A in respect of electricity generated by a small generation unit, unless an election is made under section 23E in relation to that unit.

23E  Election to not create certificates under this Subdivision

             (1)  The owner of a qualifying small generation unit at the time that it is installed may give the Regulator a notice in writing electing that this Subdivision does not apply to the creation of certificates that relate to the unit.

Timing of election

             (2)  The owner must make the election within the period of 28 days beginning on the day the unit is installed and before any certificates are created under this Subdivision that relate to the unit.

Effect of election

             (3)  If an election is made, a person must not create certificates under this Subdivision that relate to the unit.

Note:          A person may be able to create certificates under Subdivision A that relate to the unit.

Election cannot be altered

             (4)  An election must not be varied or revoked.

Definition

             (5)  In this section:

qualifying small generation unit means a small generation unit of a kind prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this section.

Subdivision BBSolar water heater and small generation unit return

23F  Solar water heater and small generation unit return

             (1)  If the sum of the number of certificates created by a person during a year under Subdivisions B and BA exceeds 250, the person must give a return for the year to the Regulator on or before:

                     (a)  14 February in the following year; or

                     (b)  any later day allowed by the Regulator.

             (2)  The return must include details of:

                     (a)  the number of certificates the person created under each of those Subdivisions during the year; and

                     (b)  the number of certificates the person is entitled to create under Subdivision B because of rights assigned to the person under subsection 23(2) during the year; and

                     (c)  the number of certificates the person is entitled to create under Subdivision BA because of rights assigned to the person under subsection 23C(2) during the year; and

                     (d)  any other information specified by the regulations.

Subdivision CImproper creation of certificates

24  Improper creation of certificates—offences

             (1)  A person is guilty of an offence if:

                     (a)  the person creates a certificate; and

                     (b)  the person is not entitled to create the certificate.

Penalty:  1 penalty unit.

             (2)  Subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note 1:       Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility and Chapter 3 of the Criminal Code contains general principles relating to penalties.

Note 2:       For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (3)  A person is guilty of an offence if:

                     (a)  the person creates a certificate; and

                     (b)  the person is not entitled to create the certificate.

Penalty:  5 penalty units.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility and Chapter 3 of the Criminal Code contains general principles relating to penalties.

             (4)  To avoid doubt, a penalty may be imposed in respect of each certificate in respect of which a person is guilty of an offence.

Example:    An individual who commits an offence under subsection (1) by creating 20 certificates that the individual was not entitled to create would be subject to a maximum penalty of 20 penalty units. If the offence were under subsection (3), the individual would be subject to a maximum penalty of 100 units.

             (5)  In determining whether a person was not entitled to create a certificate, the fact that the certificate has been registered by the Regulator under section 26 is to be disregarded.

Note:          This ensures that a person cannot raise as relevant evidence the fact that a certificate has been registered.


 

Division 5Form and registration of certificates

25  Form and content of certificates—power stations

             (1)  Certificates under Subdivision A of Division 4 are to be created in an electronic form approved in writing by the Regulator.

             (2)  Each certificate is to contain:

                     (a)  a unique identification code; and

                     (b)  the electronic signature of the registered person who created the certificate; and

                     (c)  the date on which the final part of the electricity in relation to which the certificate was created was generated; and

                    (ca)  details of the eligible renewable energy source or sources of that electricity; and

                     (d)  the date on which the certificate was created.

             (3)  A certificate’s unique identification code is to consist of the following in the following order:

                     (a)  the registered person’s registration number;

                     (b)  the power station’s identification code;

                     (c)  the year;

                     (d)  a number in an unbroken sequence, that is used for all certificates issued in respect of electricity generated by the power station in that year, that starts at one and has increments of one.

25A  Form and content of certificates—solar water heaters and small generation units

             (1)  Certificates under Subdivision B or BA of Division 4 are to be created in an electronic form approved in writing by the Regulator.

             (2)  Each certificate is to contain:

                     (a)  the registered person’s registration number; and

                     (b)  the year; and

                     (c)  a number in an unbroken sequence that is used for all certificates created in respect of the solar water heater or small generation unit concerned in that year and that starts at one and has increments of one; and

                     (d)  the electronic signature of the registered person who created the certificate; and

                     (e)  the date on which the solar water heater or small generation unit concerned was installed; and

                      (f)  details of the eligible renewable energy source in respect of which the certificate was created; and

                     (g)  the date on which the certificate was created.

26  Certificates must be registered

             (1)  A certificate is not valid until it has been registered by the Regulator.

             (2)  The Regulator must be advised of the creation of a certificate by electronic transmission in the manner determined, in writing, by the Regulator.

             (3)  When the Regulator is notified that a certificate has been created, the Regulator must determine whether the certificate is eligible for registration.

          (3A)  A certificate is not eligible for registration unless the Regulator has been paid the fee (if any) prescribed by the regulations for the registration of the certificate.

             (4)  If the Regulator determines that a certificate is eligible for registration, the Regulator must create an entry for the certificate in the register of renewable energy certificates and record the person who created the certificate as the owner of the certificate.

             (5)  If the Regulator determines that a certificate is not eligible for registration, the Regulator must notify the person who created the certificate.

             (6)  The Regulator may at any time (whether before or after the registration of a certificate) require the person who created the certificate to provide to the Regulator a written statement containing such information as the Regulator requires in connection with the creation of the certificate. The person who created the certificate must provide the statement within the period (not being a period of less than 14 days) specified by the Regulator.


 

Division 6Transfer of certificates

27  Certificates may be transferred

                   Certificates that have been registered under section 26 may be transferred to any person.

28  Regulator to be notified

             (1)  The Regulator must be notified of each transfer of a certificate.

             (2)  The notification must be by electronic transmission in the manner determined, in writing, by the Regulator.

          (2A)  The notification must be accompanied by the fee (if any) prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this subsection.

             (3)  When the Regulator is notified, the Regulator must alter the register of certificates to show the transferee as the owner of the certificate.


 

Division 7Retirement of certificates

28A  Registered owner may surrender certificate

                   The registered owner of a certificate may surrender the certificate to the Regulator under this section.

Note 1:       The register of renewable energy certificates under section 140 must contain the name of the current registered owner of each certificate.

Note 2:       Certificates may also be surrendered under sections 44 and 95.

29  Retirement of certificates

             (1)  Where a certificate is surrendered under section 28A, 44 or 95, the certificate ceases to be valid.

             (2)  When a certificate ceases to be valid, the Regulator must alter the entry relating to the certificate in the register of certificates to show that the certificate is no longer valid.


 

Division 8Suspension of registration

30  Suspension of registration—conviction of offence

             (1)  If a registered person has been convicted of an offence under subsection 24(3), the Regulator may suspend the person’s registration for such period (not exceeding 2 years) as the Regulator considers appropriate in all of the circumstances.

             (2)  If a person whose registration has previously been suspended under subsection (1) is convicted of another offence under subsection 24(3), the Regulator may suspend the person’s registration for such period (including permanently) as the Regulator considers appropriate in all of the circumstances.

30A  Suspension of registration—other grounds

Regulator’s belief that offence committed

             (1)  The Regulator may, by written notice, suspend the registration of a registered person if the Regulator believes on reasonable grounds that the person has committed an offence against this Act or the regulations.

             (2)  The registration is suspended for such period (not exceeding 12 months) as the Regulator considers appropriate in all of the circumstances. That period must be specified in the notice.

Registration obtained improperly

             (3)  The Regulator may, by written notice, suspend the registration of a registered person if the registration was obtained improperly.

             (4)  The registration is suspended for such period (including permanently) as the Regulator considers appropriate in all of the circumstances. That period must be specified in the notice.


 

Division 9Changing the nominated person for an accredited power station

30B  Changing the nominated person for an accredited power station

             (1)  A registered person who is a stakeholder in relation to an accredited power station may apply to the Regulator for approval to become the nominated person for the power station.

Note:          The nominated person is able to create certificates in respect of electricity generated by the power station: see section 18.

             (2)  The application must:

                     (a)  be made in a form and manner required by the Regulator; and

                     (b)  contain any information required by the Regulator; and

                     (c)  be accompanied by any documents required by the Regulator; and

                     (d)  be accompanied by the fee (if any) prescribed by the regulations for the making of such applications; and

                     (e)  be accompanied by a statement in writing from each other stakeholder (if any) in relation to the power station indicating that the other stakeholder agrees to the making of the application.

             (3)  If the Regulator receives an application that is properly made, the Regulator must, by writing, approve the applicant as the nominated person for the power station.

             (4)  Otherwise, the Regulator must refuse to so approve the applicant and must notify the applicant accordingly.


 

Division 10Varying what constitutes a power station

30C  Varying what constitutes a power station

             (1)  The Regulator may, by writing, vary a determination under paragraph 14(1)(a). The Regulator may do so only in relation to an accredited power station.

             (2)  The Regulator may do so on his or her own initiative or upon application by the nominated person for the accredited power station.

             (3)  The application must:

                     (a)  be made in a form and manner required by the Regulator; and

                     (b)  contain any information required by the Regulator; and

                     (c)  be accompanied by any documents required by the Regulator; and

                     (d)  be accompanied by the fee (if any) prescribed by the regulations for the making of such applications; and

                     (e)  be accompanied by a statement in writing from each other stakeholder (if any) in relation to the power station indicating that the other stakeholder agrees to the making of the application.

             (4)  If the Regulator refuses the application, the Regulator must notify the applicant accordingly.


 

Division 11Suspending the accreditation of a power station

30D  Suspending the accreditation of a power station—interconnected power stations

             (1)  The Regulator may, by written notice, suspend the accreditation of an accredited power station if:

                     (a)  the power station is part of a group of interconnected power stations; and

                     (b)  one or more of the power stations (an excess station) in the group generates electricity during a year that is in excess of its 1997 eligible renewable power baseline for the year; and

                     (c)  one or more of the power stations (a shortfall station) in the group generates nil electricity during the year or generates electricity during the year that is less than its 1997 eligible renewable power baseline for the year; and

                     (d)  the Regulator is satisfied that more certificates are able to be created in respect of electricity generated during the year by any excess station than would be able to be created if any shortfall station had generated electricity during the year at least equal to its 1997 eligible renewable power baseline for the year.

Period of suspension

             (2)  The accreditation is suspended for such period (including permanently) as the Regulator considers appropriate in all of the circumstances. That period must be specified in the notice.

Note:          Any electricity generated by the power station while its accreditation is suspended is to be excluded from all calculations under section 18: see subsection 18(4).

Group of interconnected power stations

             (3)  Two or more power stations form a group of interconnected power stations if:

                     (a)  each power station is able to generate electricity using a particular supply (the relevant supply) of an eligible renewable energy source; and

                     (b)  the amount of electricity generated by each power station during a year using that supply is able to be coordinated in order to allow more certificates to be created in respect of the total electricity generated by the power stations during the year using that supply than would otherwise be able to be created.

Relevant matters

             (4)  In deciding whether or not to suspend the accreditation of an accredited power station under subsection (1), the Regulator must have regard to any information available to him or her that demonstrates that either or both of the outcomes referred to in paragraphs (1)(b) and (c) were not the result of a gaming arrangement.

          (4A)  In considering whether the outcomes referred to in paragraphs (1)(b) and (c) were or were not the result of a gaming arrangement, the Regulator must have regard to any matter prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this subsection.

             (5)  The Regulator may have regard to such other matters as he or she thinks appropriate.

Gaming arrangement

             (6)  A gaming arrangement is an arrangement to coordinate the amount of electricity generated by each power station in the group during the year using the relevant supply in order to allow more certificates to be created in respect of the total electricity generated by the power stations in the group during the year using that supply than would otherwise be able to be created.

30E  Suspending the accreditation of a power station—other grounds

Failure to give an electricity generation return

             (1)  The Regulator may, by written notice, suspend the accreditation of an accredited power station if an electricity generation return for a year, in respect of the station, has not been given to the Regulator in accordance with section 20.

             (2)  The accreditation is suspended until the return is given to the Regulator in accordance with that section. The notice must include a statement to that effect.

Contravention of Commonwealth, State or Territory law

             (3)  The Regulator may, by written notice, suspend the accreditation of an accredited power station if the Regulator believes on reasonable grounds that the power station is being operated in contravention of a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory.

             (4)  The accreditation is suspended until the Regulator believes on reasonable grounds that the power station is not being operated in contravention of that law. The notice must include a statement to that effect.

Other circumstances

             (5)  The Regulator may, by written notice, suspend the accreditation of an accredited power station in any other circumstances prescribed by the regulations.

             (6)  The accreditation is suspended for such period (including permanently) as the Regulator considers appropriate in all of the circumstances. That period must be specified in the notice.

Note:          Any electricity generated by the power station while its accreditation is suspended under this section is to be excluded from all calculations under section 18: see subsection 18(4).


 

Division 12Varying 1997 eligible renewable power baselines

30F  Varying 1997 eligible renewable power baselines

             (1)  The Regulator may, by written determination, vary the 1997 eligible renewable power baseline for an accredited power station in the circumstances prescribed by the regulations.

             (2)  The regulations may make provision for the 1997 eligible renewable power baseline for an accredited power station to be varied if an action or policy of the Commonwealth Government reduces the power station’s ability to generate electricity for a sustained period.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not limit subsection (1).

Increase in baseline

             (4)  If a determination increases the 1997 eligible renewable power baseline for an accredited power station, the determination has effect only for the years following the year in which the determination is made.

Decrease in baseline

             (5)  If a determination decreases the 1997 eligible renewable power baseline for an accredited power station, the determination has effect for the year or years specified in the determination.


 

Part 3Acquisition of electricity

  

31  What are relevant acquisitions?

             (1)  There are 2 types of relevant acquisitions of electricity. These are:

                     (a)  a wholesale acquisition (see section 32); and

                     (b)  a notional wholesale acquisition (see section 33).

             (2)  An acquisition is not a relevant acquisition if:

                     (a)  the electricity was delivered on a grid that has a capacity that is less than 100 MW and that is not, directly or indirectly, connected to a grid that has a capacity of 100 MW or more; or

                     (b)  the end user of the electricity generated the electricity and either of the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  the point at which the electricity is generated is less than 1 kilometre from the point at which the electricity is used;

                             (ii)  the electricity is transmitted or distributed between the point of generation and the point of use and the line on which the electricity is transmitted or distributed is used solely for the transmission or distribution of electricity between those 2 points; or

                     (c)  the electricity is later acquired by NEMMCO or a person or body prescribed by the regulations.

             (3)  The amount of electricity acquired under a relevant acquisition and the capacity of a grid are to be determined in accordance with the regulations.

             (4)  A person who owns, operates or controls a grid must give the Regulator a statement within 28 days of either of the following happening:

                     (a)  the capacity of the grid increases from less than 100 MW to 100 MW or more;

                     (b)  the grid becomes connected, directly or indirectly, to a grid that has a capacity of 100 MW or more.

The statement must include any information specified in the regulations.

32  Wholesale acquisitions

             (1)  A wholesale acquisition is an acquisition of electricity from:

                     (a)  NEMMCO or a person or body prescribed by the regulations; or

                     (b)  a person who did not acquire it from another person.

             (2)  To avoid doubt, subsection (1) does not apply where an end user acquires electricity from the person who generated the electricity and subsection 33(2) applies to create a notional wholesale acquisition in connection with that acquisition.

             (3)  If there is a wholesale acquisition of electricity under this section, then no other acquisition in relation to that electricity is a relevant acquisition (regardless of when the other acquisition occurs).

33  Notional wholesale acquisitions

             (1)  There are 2 situations in which a notional wholesale acquisition of electricity takes place.

             (2)  The first situation is where the end user of the electricity acquires the electricity from the person who generated the electricity and the end user is not registered under the National Electricity Rules. In this situation, the person who generated the electricity is taken to be 2 persons (the notional generator and the notional wholesaler), and this Act applies as if the notional wholesaler acquired the electricity from the notional generator at the time that the end user acquired the electricity. That acquisition is a notional wholesale acquisition.

             (3)  The second situation is where the end user of the electricity generated the electricity and neither of the following conditions are satisfied:

                     (a)  the point at which the electricity is generated is less than 1 kilometre from the point at which the electricity is used;

                     (b)  the electricity is transmitted or distributed between the point of generation and the point of use and the line on which the electricity is transmitted or distributed is used solely for the transmission or distribution of electricity between those 2 points.

In this situation, the person who generated the electricity is taken to be 2 persons (the notional generator and the notional wholesaler), and this Act applies as if the notional wholesaler acquired the electricity from the notional generator at the time that the electricity is used. That acquisition is a notional wholesale acquisition.

34  Special provision relating to transactions involving NEMMCO or a person or body prescribed by the regulations

                   Despite section 31, no acquisition of electricity by NEMMCO or a person or body prescribed by the regulations is a relevant acquisition.


 

Part 4Renewable energy shortfall charge

Division 1Liability to charge

35  Liable entities

                   A person who, during a year, makes a relevant acquisition of electricity is called a liable entity.

Note:          Relevant acquisition is defined in section 31.

36  Charge payable by liable entity

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), if a liable entity has a renewable energy certificate shortfall for a year, renewable energy shortfall charge is payable in respect of the shortfall.

             (2)  No renewable energy shortfall charge is payable by a liable entity for a year if its renewable energy certificate shortfall for the year is less than 10% of the liable entity’s required renewable energy for the year. However, the renewable energy certificate shortfall becomes a carried forward shortfall for the year.

             (3)  Renewable energy shortfall charge imposed in respect of a liable entity’s renewable energy certificate shortfall for a year is payable by the liable entity.

37  Amount of charge

                   The amount of renewable energy shortfall charge payable by a liable entity is worked out using the formula:

where:

rate of charge is the rate of charge as specified under the Renewable Energy (Electricity) (Charge) Act 2000.

38  Determination of renewable energy certificate shortfall

                   The following method statement shows how to work out a liable entity’s renewable energy certificate shortfall for a year.

Method statement—working out the renewable energy certificate shortfall

Step 1.    Work out the total amount, in MWh, of electricity acquired by the liable entity during the year under relevant acquisitions.

Step 2.    Multiply the total electricity acquired by the renewable power percentage for the year and round the result to the nearest MWh (rounding 0.5 upwards). Add to the result any carried forward shortfall from the previous year or subtract any carried forward surplus for the previous year. The result is the liable entity’s required renewable energy for the year.

Step 3.    Subtract the total value, in MWh, of renewable energy certificates surrendered to the Regulator for that year by the liable entity from the required renewable energy for the year.

Result:    If the result is greater than zero, the liable entity has a renewable energy certificate shortfall for the year equal to the result.

              If the result is zero, the liable entity does not have a renewable energy certificate shortfall for the year.

              If the result is less than zero, the liable entity has a carried forward surplus for the year.


 

Division 2Renewable power percentage

39  Regulations to specify renewable power percentage

             (1)  The renewable power percentage for a year is the percentage specified in the regulations. The regulation specifying a percentage for a year must be made on or before 31 March in the year.

             (2)  If the regulations do not specify a percentage for a year, the percentage for the year is:

                     (a)  for the year commencing on 1 January 2001—0.24%; and

                     (b)  for any later year—the rate worked out using the formula:

             (3)  Before the Governor‑General makes a regulation under subsection (1), the Minister must take into consideration:

                     (a)  the required GWh of renewable source electricity for the year; and

                     (b)  the amount estimated as the amount of electricity that will be acquired under relevant acquisitions during the year; and

                     (c)  the amount by which the required GWhs of renewable source electricity for all previous years has exceeded, or has been exceeded by, the amount of renewable source electricity required under the scheme in those years.

          (3A)  If, at the time the Minister takes into consideration the matters referred to in subsection (3), the amount applicable under paragraph (3)(c) is not known, then the Minister may take into consideration an estimate of that amount instead.

             (4)  The amount of renewable source electricity required under the scheme in a year is worked out using the formula:

             (5)  A failure to comply with subsection (3) does not affect the validity of the regulations.

40  Required GWh of renewable source electricity

                   The required GWh of renewable source electricity for a year is set out in the following table:

 

Required GWh of renewable source electricity

Year

GWh

2001

300

2002

1100

2003

1800

2004

2600

2005

3400

2006

4500

2007

5600

2008

6800

2009

8100

2010 and later years

9500


 

Division 3Other provisions related to the charge

41  Arrangements to avoid or reduce renewable energy shortfall charge

                   If:

                     (a)  a liable entity makes an arrangement; and

                     (b)  as a result of the arrangement the liable entity’s renewable energy certificate shortfall in a year is reduced; and

                     (c)  in the Regulator’s opinion the arrangement was made solely or principally for the purpose of avoiding payment of renewable energy shortfall charge otherwise than in accordance with this Act;

the liable entity is liable to pay for the year an amount of renewable energy shortfall charge equal to the amount that, in the Regulator’s opinion, the liable entity would have been liable to pay if the arrangement had not been made.

Note:          See also section 101 (about payment of penalty charge).

42  Application of Act to Commonwealth

             (1)  The Commonwealth is not liable to pay renewable energy shortfall charge, penalty charge or interest charge that is payable under this Act. However, it is the Parliament’s intention that the Commonwealth should be notionally liable to pay renewable energy shortfall charge, penalty charge and interest charge.

             (2)  The Minister for Finance may give such written directions as are necessary or convenient for carrying out or giving effect to subsection (1) and, in particular, may give directions in relation to the transfer of money within an account, or between accounts, operated by the Commonwealth.

             (3)  Directions under subsection (2) have effect, and must be complied with, despite any other Commonwealth law.

             (4)  In subsections (1) and (2):

Commonwealth includes:

                     (a)  an Agency (within the meaning of the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997); and

                     (b)  a Commonwealth authority (within the meaning of the Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act 1997);

that cannot be made liable to taxation by a Commonwealth law.

43  Cancellation of exemptions from charges

             (1)  This section cancels the effect of a provision of another Act that would have the effect of exempting a person from liability to pay charge payable under this Act.

             (2)  The cancellation does not apply if the provision of the other Act:

                     (a)  commences after this section commences; and

                     (b)  refers specifically to charge payable under this Act.


 

Part 5Statements and assessments

Division 1Statements

44  Annual energy acquisition statements

             (1)  A liable entity who acquired electricity under a relevant acquisition during a year must lodge an energy acquisition statement for the year on or before:

                     (a)  14 February in the following year; or

                     (b)  any later day allowed by the Regulator.

Note:          For amendment of such statements, see section 45A.

             (2)  The statement must set out:

                     (a)  the name and postal address of the liable entity; and

                     (b)  the amount of electricity acquired under relevant acquisitions during the year; and

                     (c)  the value, in MWh, of renewable energy certificates being surrendered for that year under this section; and

                     (d)  any carried forward shortfall or carried forward surplus for the previous year; and

                     (e)  any carried forward surplus for the current year; and

                      (f)  any other information specified by the regulations.

             (3)  The statement must:

                     (a)  be in a form approved by the Regulator; and

                     (b)  be lodged with the Regulator in accordance with the regulations; and

                     (c)  be signed by or on behalf of the liable entity making the statement.

             (4)  The statement must be accompanied by details of all renewable energy certificates being surrendered for that year under that section. A certificate cannot be specified unless the liable entity is recorded in the register of certificates as the owner of the certificate at the time that the statement is lodged.

             (5)  The regulations may prescribe the fee payable for the surrender of a certificate under this section.

             (6)  The Regulator must, by notice in writing given to the liable entity, advise the entity:

                     (a)  of the number of certificates specified under subsection (4) that are able to be surrendered for that year; and

                     (b)  of the fee payable by the entity in respect of the surrender of those certificates.

Note:          Section 45 contains restrictions on certificates that can be surrendered.

             (7)  The liable entity must pay the fee within the period of 28 days beginning on the day the entity receives the notice under subsection (6).

             (8)  If the fee is unpaid at the end of that period, it is a debt due to the Commonwealth and is recoverable by the Regulator in a court of competent jurisdiction.

             (9)  A notice under subsection (6) is not a legislative instrument.

45  Restrictions on certificates that can be surrendered

                   A certificate cannot be surrendered under section 44 unless:

                     (a)  the certificate is valid; and

                     (b)  the certificate was created before the end of the year to which the energy acquisition statement relates; and

                     (c)  the liable entity is recorded in the register of certificates as the owner of the certificate at the time that the statement is lodged.

45A  Amending annual energy acquisition statements

             (1)  The Regulator may amend an energy acquisition statement if the liable entity requests, in writing, an amendment within 12 months of lodging the statement.

             (2)  The Regulator may also amend an energy acquisition statement on his or her own initiative if the amendment is made within 4 years of the liable entity lodging the statement.

             (3)  If the Regulator refuses to amend an energy acquisition statement upon a request by a liable entity, the Regulator must notify the entity accordingly.

Note:          An amendment of an energy acquisition statement under this section may also result in the Regulator issuing an assessment under section 48 or amending an assessment under section 49.

46  Annual renewable energy shortfall statements

             (1)  A liable entity that has a renewable energy certificate shortfall for a year must lodge a renewable energy shortfall statement for the year on or before:

                     (a)  14 February in the following year; or

                     (b)  any later day allowed by the Regulator.

             (2)  The statement must set out:

                     (a)  the name and postal address of the liable entity; and

                     (b)  the liable entity’s renewable energy certificate shortfall for the year; and

                     (c)  any carried forward shortfall or carried forward surplus for the previous year; and

                     (d)  either any carried forward shortfall for the year or the amount of the renewable energy shortfall charge for the year; and

                      (f)  any other information specified by the regulations.

             (3)  The statement must:

                     (a)  be in a form approved by the Regulator; and

                     (b)  be lodged with the Regulator in accordance with the regulations; and

                     (c)  be signed by or on behalf of the liable entity making the statement.


 

Division 2Assessments

47  First renewable energy shortfall statement for year taken to be assessment

                   If:

                     (a)  a liable entity lodges a renewable energy shortfall statement for a year; and

                     (b)  a renewable energy shortfall statement has not previously been lodged, and an assessment has not previously been made, for the year in relation to the liable entity;

then:

                     (c)  the statement has effect as an assessment of the liable entity’s renewable energy certificate shortfall for the year and of the renewable energy shortfall charge (if any) payable on the shortfall; and

                     (d)  the assessment is taken to have been made on 14 February in the following year or the day on which the statement was lodged, whichever is the later; and

                     (e)  the renewable energy certificate shortfall specified in the statement is taken to be the liable entity’s renewable energy certificate shortfall for the year; and

                    (ea)  the amount of renewable energy shortfall charge (if any) specified in the statement is taken to be the amount of renewable energy shortfall charge payable by the liable entity for the year; and

                      (f)  the statement has effect as if it were a notice of assessment signed by the Regulator and given to the liable entity on the day on which the assessment is taken to have been made.

48  Default assessments

             (1)  If a liable entity has lodged an energy acquisition statement for a year but:

                     (a)  the liable entity has not lodged a renewable energy shortfall statement for the year; and

                     (b)  the Regulator is of the opinion that the liable entity has a renewable energy certificate shortfall for the year;

the Regulator may make an assessment of the liable entity’s renewable energy certificate shortfall for the year, taking into account any certificates surrendered, and of the renewable energy shortfall charge (if any) payable on the shortfall.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a liable entity has not lodged a renewable energy shortfall statement for a year; and

                     (b)  the liable entity has also not lodged an energy acquisition statement for the year; and

                     (c)  the Regulator is of the opinion that the liable entity has a renewable energy certificate shortfall for the year;

the Regulator may make an assessment of the liable entity’s renewable energy certificate shortfall for the year, assuming that no certificates have been surrendered, and of the renewable energy shortfall charge (if any) payable on the shortfall.

             (3)  For the purposes of making an assessment under subsection (1) or (2), the renewable energy certificate shortfall is taken to be the amount that, in the Regulator’s opinion, might reasonably be expected to be the shortfall.

             (4)  Renewable energy shortfall charge in relation to an assessment for a year made under this section is taken to have become payable on 14 February in the following year.

             (5)  An assessment under this section may not be made until after 14 February in the following year.

49  Amendment of assessments

             (1)  The Regulator may, subject to this section, at any time amend any assessment by making any alterations or additions that the Regulator thinks necessary, whether or not renewable energy shortfall charge has been paid in relation to the assessment.

Note:          This Division does not apply in relation to an assessment under section 102: see section 53A.

             (2)  Subject to this section, if there has been an avoidance of renewable energy shortfall charge, the Regulator may:

                     (a)  if the Regulator is of the opinion that the avoidance of the charge is due to fraud or evasion—at any time; or

                     (b)  in any other case—within 4 years from the day on which the assessment is made;

amend the assessment by making any alterations or additions that the Regulator thinks necessary to correct the assessment.

             (3)  Subject to subsection (5), an amendment effecting a reduction in a liable entity’s liability under an assessment is not effective unless it is made within 4 years from the day on which the assessment was made.

             (4)  If an assessment has, under this section, been amended in any particular, the Regulator may, within 4 years from the day on which renewable energy shortfall charge became payable under the amended assessment, make, in or in relation to the particular, any further amendment in the assessment that, in the Regulator’s opinion, is necessary to effect such reduction in the liable entity’s liability under the assessment as is just.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  a liable entity applies for an amendment of the liable entity’s assessment within 4 years from the day that renewable energy shortfall charge became payable under the assessment; and

                     (b)  within that period, the liable entity lodges all information the Regulator needs to decide the application;

the Regulator may amend the assessment when considering the application, even if that period has elapsed.

             (6)  Nothing in this section prevents the amendment of an assessment to give effect to:

                     (a)  a decision on any review or appeal; or

                     (b)  a decision to reduce any particular following the liable entity’s objection or pending any review or appeal.

             (7)  Renewable energy shortfall charge under an amended assessment is taken to have become payable:

                     (a)  if the amendment is wholly or partly as a result of an error by the Regulator—on the day on which the amended assessment is made; or

                     (b)  in any other case—on the day on which charge under the original assessment became payable.

50  Refund of overpaid amounts

             (1)  If, because an assessment is amended, a person’s liability to renewable energy shortfall charge is reduced:

                     (a)  the amount by which the charge is reduced is taken, for the purposes of section 70, never to have been payable; and

                     (b)  the Regulator must:

                              (i)  refund any overpaid amount; or

                             (ii)  apply any overpaid amount against the person’s liability (if any) to the Commonwealth and refund any part of the amount that is not so applied.

             (2)  In subsection (1):

overpaid amount includes any overpaid amount of penalty charge or interest charge.

51  Amended assessment to be an assessment

                   Except as otherwise expressly provided by this Act, an amended assessment is taken to be an assessment for all the purposes of this Act.

52  Notice of assessment

                   As soon as practicable after an assessment is made under section 48 or is amended under section 49, the Regulator must give written notice of the assessment or amendment (as the case may be) to the liable entity concerned.

53  Validity of assessment

                   The validity of an assessment is not affected because any provision of this Act has not been complied with.

53A  Application of Division

                   This Division does not apply in relation to an assessment under section 102.


 

Part 6Objections, reviews and appeals

Division 1Objections to and review of assessments

54  Objections

             (1)  A liable entity who is dissatisfied with an assessment may object in the manner set out in this Division.

             (2)  This Division does not apply in relation to an assessment under section 102.

Note:          However, a person may seek review of a decision to make an assessment under section 102: see Division 2.

55  How objections are to be made

                   A liable entity making an objection must:

                     (a)  make it in writing; and

                     (b)  lodge it with the Regulator within 60 days after the assessment is made; and

                     (c)  state in it, fully and in detail, the grounds that the liable entity relies on.

56  Limited objection rights in the case of certain amended assessments

                   If the objection is made against an amended assessment, then a liable entity’s right to object against the amended assessment is limited to a right to object against alterations or additions made as part of the amendment of the assessment.

57  Requests for extension of time

             (1)  If the 60 days specified in paragraph 55(b) have passed, the liable entity may nevertheless lodge the objection with the Regulator together with a written request asking the Regulator to deal with the objection as if it had been lodged within the 60 days.

             (2)  The request must state fully and in detail the circumstances concerning, and the reasons for, the liable entity’s failure to lodge the objection with the Regulator within the 60 days.

             (3)  After considering the request, the Regulator must decide whether to agree to it or refuse it.

             (4)  The Regulator must give the liable entity written notice of the Regulator’s decision.

             (5)  If the Regulator decides to agree to the request, then, for the purposes of this Part, the objection is taken to have been lodged with the Regulator within the 60 days.

             (6)  If the Regulator decides to refuse the request, the liable entity may apply to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of the decision.

58  Regulator to decide objections

             (1)  If the objection has been lodged with the Regulator within the 60 days, the Regulator must decide whether to:

                     (a)  allow it, wholly or in part; or

                     (b)  disallow it.

             (2)  Such a decision is in this Part called an objection decision.

             (3)  The Regulator must cause to be served on the liable entity written notice of the Regulator’s objection decision.

59  Person may require Regulator to make an objection decision

             (1)  This section applies if the objection has been lodged with the Regulator within the 60 days and the Regulator has not made an objection decision by whichever is the later of the following times:

                     (a)  the end of the period (the original 60‑day period) of 60 days after whichever is the later of the following days:

                              (i)  the day on which the objection is lodged with the Regulator;

                             (ii)  if the Regulator decides under section 57 to agree to a request in relation to the objection—the day on which the decision is made;

                     (b)  if the Regulator, by written notice served on the liable entity within the original 60‑day period, requires the liable entity to give information relating to the objection—the end of the period of 60 days after the Regulator receives that information.

             (2)  The liable entity may give the Regulator a written notice requiring the Regulator to make an objection decision.

             (3)  If the Regulator has not made an objection decision by the end of the period of 60 days after being given the notice, then, at the end of that period, the Regulator is taken to have made a decision under subsection 58(1) to disallow the objection.

60  Liable entity may seek review of, or appeal against, Regulator’s decision

                   If the liable entity is dissatisfied with the Regulator’s objection decision, the liable entity may either:

                     (a)  apply to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of the decision; or

                     (b)  appeal to the Federal Court against the decision.

Note:          Time limits for making applications to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal, and matters related to procedures before that Tribunal are set out in the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975.

61  Grounds of objection and burden of proof

                   In proceedings under this Part on a review before the Administrative Appeals Tribunal or on appeal to the Federal Court:

                     (a)  the liable entity is, unless the Administrative Appeals Tribunal or the Federal Court otherwise orders, limited to the grounds stated in the objection; and

                     (b)  the burden of proving that a prescribed decision is incorrect, or that an assessment is excessive, lies on the liable entity.

62  Time limit for appeals

                   An appeal to the Federal Court against an objection decision must be lodged with the Court within 60 days after the liable entity appealing is served with notice of the decision.

63  Order of Federal Court on objection decision

                   Where the Federal Court hears an appeal against an objection decision under section 60, the Court may make such order in relation to the decision as it thinks fit, including an order confirming or varying the decision.

64  Implementation of Federal Court order in respect of objection decision

             (1)  When the order of the Federal Court in relation to the decision becomes final, the Regulator must, within 60 days, take such action, including amending any assessment or determination concerned, as is necessary to give effect to the decision.

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1):

                     (a)  if the order is made by the Federal Court constituted by a single Judge and no appeal is lodged against the order within the period for lodging an appeal—the order becomes final at the end of the period; and

                     (b)  if the order is made by the Full Court of the Federal Court and no application for special leave to appeal to the High Court against the order is made within the period of 30 days after the order is made—the order becomes final at the end of the period.

65  Pending appeal not to affect implementation of decisions

                   The fact that an appeal is pending in relation to a decision does not in the meantime interfere with, or affect, the decision and any renewable energy shortfall charge, penalty charge, interest charge or other amount may be recovered as if no appeal were pending.


 

Division 2Review of other decisions

66  Review of decisions

             (1)  An affected person in relation to a reviewable decision may request that the Regulator reconsider the decision. The following table sets out the reviewable decisions and, for each decision, sets out the provision under which it is made and the affected person in relation to it.

 

Table of reviewable decisions

Item

For a decision ...

made under ...

the affected person is ...

1

to refuse to register a person

section 11

the person.

1A

in relation to an application under section 12A (about provisional accreditation of power stations)

section 12B

the applicant.

2

in relation to an application for accreditation of a power station

section 14

the applicant for accreditation.

3

to refuse to accredit a power station

section 15

the applicant for accreditation.

3A

to amend, or to refuse to amend, an electricity generation return

section 20A

the nominated person for the accredited power station concerned.

4

not to register a certificate

section 26

the person who created the certificate.

5

to suspend a person’s registration

section 30 or 30A

the registered person.

5A

to refuse to approve a person as the nominated person for an accredited power station

section 30B

the person.

5B

to vary, or to refuse to vary, a determination under paragraph 14(1)(a)

section 30C

the nominated person for the accredited power station concerned.

5C

to suspend the accreditation of an accredited power station

section 30D or 30E

the nominated person for the power station.

5D

to vary the 1997 eligible renewable power baseline for an accredited power station

section 30F

the nominated person for the power station.

5E

to amend, or to refuse to amend, an energy acquisition statement

section 45A

the liable entity concerned.

6

assessing penalty charge

section 102

the liable entity that is liable to pay the penalty charge.

7

not to remit, or to remit only a part of, penalty charge

section 103

the liable entity that is liable to pay the penalty charge.

             (2)  The request must be:

                     (a)  in writing; and

                     (b)  given to the Regulator within 60 days of the making of the decision.

             (3)  The Regulator must reconsider the decision and confirm, vary or set aside the decision.

Note:          Section 27A of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975 requires the person to be notified of the person’s review rights.

             (4)  The Regulator is taken to have confirmed the decision under subsection (3) if the Regulator does not give written notice of the Regulator’s decision under that subsection within 60 days of the request.

             (5)  Applications may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of a decision of the Regulator under subsection (3) to confirm, vary or set aside the decision.


 

Part 7Collection and recovery of charge

Division 1General rules about collection and recovery

67  When renewable energy shortfall charge becomes due and payable

                   Renewable energy shortfall charge for a year is payable:

                     (a)  if, on or before 14 February in the following year, the liable entity lodges a renewable energy shortfall statement for that year—on that day; or

                     (b)  if, after that day, the liable entity lodges a renewable energy shortfall statement for that year—on the day on which the statement is lodged.

68  When penalty charge becomes due and payable

                   Penalty charge becomes payable on the day specified for the purpose in the notice of assessment of that charge.

69  Extension of time for payment

                   The Regulator may, in such circumstances as the Regulator thinks fit, extend the time for payment of an amount of a renewable energy shortfall charge related liability for such period as the Regulator determines, and, if the Regulator does so, the charge is payable accordingly.

70  Penalty for unpaid renewable energy shortfall charge or unpaid penalty charge

Unpaid renewable energy shortfall charge

             (1)  If an amount (the unpaid amount) of renewable energy shortfall charge which a liable entity is liable to pay is not paid by the time by which it is due to be paid, the liable entity is liable to pay, by way of penalty, interest charge on the whole of the unpaid amount for each day in the period that:

                     (a)  started at the beginning of the day by which the amount of the renewable energy shortfall charge was due to be paid; and

                     (b)  finishes at the end of the last day on which, at the end of the day, any of the following remains unpaid:

                              (i)  the renewable energy shortfall charge;

                             (ii)  interest charge on any of the renewable energy shortfall charge.

Unpaid penalty charge

             (2)  If an amount (the unpaid amount) of penalty charge which a liable entity is liable to pay is not paid by the time by which it is due to be paid, the liable entity is liable to pay, by way of penalty, interest charge on the whole of the unpaid amount for each day in the period that:

                     (a)  started at the beginning of the day by which the amount of the penalty charge was due to be paid; and

                     (b)  finishes at the end of the last day on which, at the end of the day, any of the following remains unpaid:

                              (i)  the penalty charge;

                             (ii)  interest charge on any of the penalty charge.

Amount of interest charge

             (3)  The amount of the interest charge for a day is worked out by multiplying the unpaid amount by the general interest charge rate for the day.

When interest charge becomes due and payable

             (4)  The interest charge for a day is due and payable at the end of that day.

71  Recovery of renewable energy shortfall charge related liability

             (1)  A renewable energy shortfall charge related liability that is payable:

                     (a)  is a debt due to the Commonwealth; and

                     (b)  payable to the Regulator in the manner and at the place prescribed.

             (2)  The Regulator may sue in his or her official name in a court of competent jurisdiction to recover an amount of a renewable energy shortfall charge related liability that remains unpaid after it has become due and payable.

72  Service of documents if a person is absent from Australia or cannot be found

             (1)  This section applies if a document needs to be served on a person in respect of a proceeding to recover an amount of a renewable energy shortfall related liability, and the Regulator, after making reasonable inquiries, is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the person is absent from Australia and does not have any agent in Australia on whom the document can be served; or

                     (b)  the person cannot be found.

             (2)  The Regulator may, without the court’s leave, serve the document by posting it, or a sealed copy of it, in a letter addressed to the person at any Australian address of the person (including the person’s Australian place of business or residence) that is last known to the Regulator.


 

Division 2Special rules about collection and recovery

Subdivision ARecovery from a third party

73  Regulator may collect amounts from third party

Amount recoverable under this Subdivision

             (1)  This Subdivision applies if any of the following amounts (the debt) is payable to the Commonwealth by a person (the debtor) (whether or not the debt has become due and payable):

                     (a)  an amount of a renewable energy shortfall charge related liability;

                     (b)  a judgment debt for a renewable energy shortfall charge related liability;

                     (c)  costs for such a judgment debt;

                     (d)  an amount that a court has ordered the debtor to pay to the Regulator following the debtor’s conviction for an offence against this Act.

Regulator may give notice to a person

             (2)  The Regulator may give a written notice to a person (the third party) under this section if the third party owes or may later owe money to the debtor.

Third party regarded as owing money in these circumstances

             (3)  The third party is taken to owe money (the available money) to the debtor if the third party:

                     (a)  is a person by whom the money is due or accruing to the debtor; or

                     (b)  holds the money for, or on account of, the debtor; or

                     (c)  holds the money on account of some other person for payment to the debtor; or

                     (d)  has authority from some other person to pay the money to the debtor.

The third party is so taken to owe the money to the debtor even if:

                     (e)  the money is not due, or is not so held, or payable under the authority, unless a condition is fulfilled; and

                      (f)  the condition has not been fulfilled.

How much is payable under the notice

             (4)  A notice under this section must:

                     (a)  require the third party to pay to the Regulator the lesser of, or a specified amount not exceeding the lesser of:

                              (i)  the debt; or

                             (ii)  the available money; or

                     (b)  if there will be amounts of the available money from time to time—require the third party to pay to the Regulator a specified amount, or a specified percentage, of each amount of the available money, until the debt is satisfied.

When amount must be paid

             (5)  The notice must require the third party to pay an amount under paragraph (4)(a), or each amount under paragraph (4)(b):

                     (a)  immediately after; or

                     (b)  at or within a specified time after;

the amount of the available money concerned becomes an amount owing to the debtor.

Debtor must be notified

             (6)  The Regulator must send a copy of the notice to the debtor.

Setting‑off amounts

             (7)  If a person other than the third party has paid an amount to the Regulator that satisfies all or part of the debt:

                     (a)  the Regulator must notify the third party of that fact; and

                     (b)  any amount that the third party is required to pay under the notice is reduced by the amount so paid.

74  Notice to Commonwealth, State or Territory

                   If the third party is the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory, the Regulator may give the notice to a person who:

                     (a)  is employed by the Commonwealth, or by the State or Territory (as appropriate); and

                     (b)  has the duty of disbursing public money under a law of the Commonwealth, or of the State or Territory (as appropriate).

75  Indemnity

                   An amount that the third party pays to the Regulator under this Subdivision is taken to have been authorised by:

                     (a)  the debtor; and

                     (b)  any other person who is entitled to all or a part of the amount;

and the third party is indemnified for the payment.

76  Offence

             (1)  The third party must not fail to comply with the Regulator’s notice.

Penalty:  30 penalty units.

Note 1:       Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

Note 2:       See section 4AA of the Crimes Act 1914 for the current value of a penalty unit.

             (2)  The court may, in addition to imposing a penalty on a person convicted of an offence against subsection (1) in relation to failing to pay an amount under the notice, order the person to pay to the Regulator an amount not exceeding that amount.

Subdivision BRecovery from liquidator

77  Liquidator’s obligation

             (1)  This Subdivision applies to a person who becomes a liquidator of a company that is, or has been, a liable entity.

             (2)  Within 14 days after becoming liquidator, the liquidator must give written notice of that fact to the Regulator.

             (3)  The Regulator must, as soon as practicable, notify the liquidator of the amount (the notified amount) that the Regulator considers is enough to discharge any outstanding renewable energy shortfall charge related liabilities that the company has when the notice is given.

             (4)  The liquidator must not, without the Regulator’s permission, part with any of the company’s assets before receiving the Regulator’s notice.

             (5)  However, subsection (4) does not prevent the liquidator from parting with the company’s assets to pay debts of the company not covered by either of the following paragraphs:

                     (a)  the outstanding renewable energy shortfall charge related liabilities;

                     (b)  any debts of the company which:

                              (i)  are unsecured; and

                             (ii)  are not required, by an Australian law, to be paid in priority to some or all of the other debts of the company.

             (6)  After receiving the Regulator’s notice, the liquidator must set aside, out of the assets available for paying amounts covered by paragraph (5)(a) or (b) (the ordinary debts), assets with a value calculated using the formula:

where:

amount of remaining ordinary debts means the sum of the company’s ordinary debts other than the outstanding renewable energy shortfall charge related liabilities.

             (7)  The liquidator must, in his or her capacity as liquidator, discharge the outstanding renewable energy shortfall charge related liabilities, to the extent of the value of the assets that the liquidator is required to set aside.

             (8)  The liquidator is personally liable to discharge the liabilities, to the extent of that value, if the liquidator contravenes this section.

78  Offence

                   The liquidator must not fail to comply with subsection 77(2), (4), (6) or (7).

Penalty:  30 penalty units.

Note 1:       Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

Note 2:       See section 4AA of the Crimes Act 1914 for the current value of a penalty unit.

79  Joint liability of 2 or more liquidators

                   If there are 2 or more persons who become liquidators of the company, the obligations and liabilities under this Subdivision:

                     (a)  apply to all the liquidators; but

                     (b)  may be discharged by any of them.

80  Liquidator’s other obligation or liability

                   This Subdivision does not reduce any obligation or liability of a liquidator arising elsewhere.

Subdivision CRecovery from receiver

81  Receiver’s obligation

             (1)  This Subdivision applies if:

                     (a)  a person (the receiver), in the capacity of receiver, or of receiver and manager, takes possession of a company’s assets for the company’s debenture holders; and

                     (b)  the company is, or has been, a liable entity.

             (2)  Within 14 days after taking possession of the assets, the receiver must give written notice of that fact to the Regulator.

             (3)  The Regulator must, as soon as practicable, notify the receiver of the amount (the notified amount) that the Regulator considers is enough to discharge any outstanding renewable energy shortfall charge related liabilities that the company has when the notice is given.

             (4)  The receiver must not, without the Regulator’s permission, part with any of the company’s assets before receiving the Regulator’s notice.

             (5)  However, subsection (4) does not prevent the receiver from parting with the company’s assets to pay debts of the company not covered by either of the following paragraphs:

                     (a)  the outstanding renewable energy shortfall charge related liabilities;

                     (b)  any debts of the company which:

                              (i)  are unsecured; and

                             (ii)  are not required, by an Australian law, to be paid in priority to some or all of the other debts of the company.

             (6)  After receiving the Regulator’s notice, the receiver must set aside, out of the assets available for paying amounts covered by paragraph (5)(a) or (b) (the ordinary debts), assets with a value calculated using the formula:

where:

amount of remaining ordinary debts means the sum of the company’s ordinary debts other than the outstanding renewable energy shortfall charge related liabilities.

             (7)  The receiver must, in his or her capacity as receiver, or as receiver and manager, discharge the outstanding renewable energy shortfall charge related liabilities, to the extent of the value of the assets that the receiver is required to set aside.

             (8)  The receiver is personally liable to discharge the liabilities, to the extent of that value, if the receiver contravenes this section.

82  Offence

                   The receiver must not fail to comply with subsection 81(2), (4), (6) or (7).

Penalty:  30 penalty units.

Note 1:       Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

Note 2:       See section 4AA of the Crimes Act 1914 for the current value of a penalty unit.

83  Joint liability of 2 or more receivers

                   If 2 or more persons (the receivers) take possession of a company’s assets, for the company’s debenture holders, in the capacity of receiver, or of receiver and manager, the obligations and liabilities under this Subdivision apply to:

                     (a)  all the receivers; but

                     (b)  may be discharged by any of them.

84  Receiver’s other obligation or liability

                   This Subdivision does not reduce any obligation or liability of the receiver or receivers arising elsewhere.

Subdivision DRecovery from agent winding up business for non‑resident principal

85  Obligation of agent winding up business for non‑resident principal

             (1)  This Subdivision applies to an agent whose principal:

                     (a)  is not an Australian resident; and

                     (b)  has instructed the agent to wind up so much of the principal’s business as is carried on in Australia; and

                     (c)  is, or has been, a liable entity.

             (2)  Within 14 days after receiving the instructions, the agent must give written notice of that fact to the Regulator.

             (3)  The Regulator must, as soon as practicable after receiving the notice, notify the agent of the amount (the notified amount) that the Regulator considers is enough to discharge any outstanding renewable energy shortfall charge related liabilities that the principal has when the notice is given.

             (4)  Before receiving the Regulator’s notice, the agent must not, without the Regulator’s permission, part with any of the principal’s assets that are available for discharging the outstanding renewable energy shortfall charge related liabilities.

             (5)  After receiving the notice, the agent must set aside:

                     (a)  out of the assets available for discharging the outstanding renewable energy shortfall charge related liabilities, assets to the value of the notified amount; or

                     (b)  all of the assets so available, if their value is less than the notified amount.

             (6)  The agent must, in that capacity, discharge the outstanding renewable energy shortfall charge related liabilities, to the extent of the value of the assets that the agent is required to set aside.

             (7)  The agent is personally liable to discharge the liabilities, to the extent of that value, if the agent contravenes this section.

86  Offence

                   A person must not fail to comply with subsection 85(2), (4), (5) or (6).

Penalty:  30 penalty units.

Note 1:       Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

Note 2:       See section 4AA of the Crimes Act 1914 for the current value of penalty units.

87  Joint liability of 2 or more agents

                   If 2 or more agents are jointly instructed by the principal to wind up the business, the obligations and liabilities under this Subdivision:

                     (a)  apply to all the agents; but

                     (b)  may be discharged by any of them.

88  Agent’s other obligation or liability

                   This Subdivision does not reduce any obligation or liability of the agent or agents arising elsewhere.

Subdivision ERecovery from deceased person’s estate

89  Administered estate

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a person has an outstanding renewable energy shortfall charge related liability when the person dies; and

                     (b)  either of the following is granted after the death:

                              (i)  probate of the person’s will;

                             (ii)  letters of administration of the person’s estate.

             (2)  The Regulator may, in respect of the liability, deal with the trustee of the deceased person’s estate as if:

                     (a)  the deceased person were still alive; and

                     (b)  the trustee were the deceased person.

             (3)  Without limiting subsection (2), the trustee must:

                     (a)  provide any statement and other information that the deceased person was liable to provide, or would have been liable to provide if he or she were still alive; and

                     (b)  provide any other information relating to the liability that the Regulator requires; and

                     (c)  in the trustee’s representative capacity, discharge the liability and any penalty imposed in respect of the liability under this Act for which the deceased person would be liable if he or she were still alive.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the amount of the liability requires an assessment under this Act but the assessment has not been made; and

                     (b)  the trustee fails to provide a statement or other information in relation to assessing that amount as required by the Regulator;

the Regulator may assess that amount. If the Regulator does so, the assessment has the same effect as if it were made under this Act.

             (5)  A trustee who is dissatisfied with an assessment under subsection (4) may object in the manner set out in Division 1 of Part 6.

             (6)  Division 1 of Part 6 applies in relation to the objection as if the trustee were the deceased person.

90  Unadministered estate

             (1)  This section applies if neither of the following is granted within 6 months after a person’s death:

                     (a)  probate of the person’s will;

                     (b)  letters of administration of the person’s estate.

             (2)  The Regulator may determine the total amount of outstanding renewable energy shortfall charge related liabilities that the person had at the time of death.

             (3)  The Regulator must publish notice of the determination twice in a daily newspaper circulating in the State or Territory in which the person resided at the time of death.

             (4)  A notice of the determination is conclusive evidence of the outstanding renewable energy shortfall charge related liabilities, unless the determination is amended.

             (5)  A person who is dissatisfied with the determination may object in the manner set out in Division 1 of Part 6 if the person:

                     (a)  claims an interest in the estate; or

                     (b)  is granted probate of the deceased person’s will or letters of administration of the estate.

             (6)  Division 1 of Part 6 applies in relation to the objection as if the person making it were the deceased person.


 

Division 3Other matters

91  What this Division is about

This Division deals with a person’s right to recover from another person an amount paid in discharge of a renewable energy shortfall charge related liability if:

•      the person has paid the amount for or on behalf of the other person; or

•      the persons are jointly liable to pay the amount.

92  Right of recovery if another person is liable

                   A person who has paid an amount of a renewable energy shortfall charge related liability for or on behalf of another person may:

                     (a)  recover that amount from the other person as a debt (together with the costs of recovery) in a court of competent jurisdiction; or

                     (b)  retain or deduct the amount out of money held by the person that belongs to, or is payable to, the other person.

93  Right of contribution if persons are jointly liable

             (1)  If 2 or more persons are jointly liable to pay an amount of a renewable energy shortfall charge related liability, they are each liable for the whole of the amount.

             (2)  If one of the persons has paid an amount of the liability, the person may recover in a court of competent jurisdiction, as a debt, from another of those persons:

                     (a)  an amount equal to so much of the amount paid; and

                     (b)  an amount equal to so much of the costs of recovery under this section;

as the court considers just and equitable.

94  Regulator may authorise amount to be recovered

             (1)  The Regulator may, in writing, authorise a person (the authorised person) to recover:

                     (a)  the total amount of the outstanding renewable energy shortfall charge related liabilities of a deceased person as determined under section 90 (about unadministered estates); and

                     (b)  any reasonable costs incurred by the authorised person in recovering that amount;

by seizing and disposing of any property of the deceased person.

             (2)  The authorised person may seize and dispose of the property as prescribed by the regulations.


 

Part 8Refunding charge

  

95  Refunding charge in later years

             (1)  This Part applies where:

                     (a)  a liable entity has paid renewable energy shortfall charge for a year (the charge year); and

                     (b)  during the allowable refund period, the liable entity surrenders certificates under this section.

             (2)  The allowable refund period starts immediately after the liable entity lodges the liable entity’s renewable energy shortfall statement for the year after the charge year and ends 3 years after the liable entity paid the renewable energy shortfall charge.

             (3)  The liable entity must specify the charge year in respect of which the certificate is being surrendered.

96  Value of certificates surrendered

             (1)  The certificate value for a certificate surrendered under section 95 is equal to the renewable energy shortfall charge payable in respect of 1 MWh in the charge year specified under subsection 95(3).

             (2)  The total of the certificate values of certificates surrendered by a liable entity under section 95 in respect of a year must not exceed the amount of renewable energy shortfall charge paid by the liable entity for that year.

97  Certificates can only be surrendered if there is no shortfall

                   A liable entity may only surrender certificates under section 95 if, in the year immediately prior to the year in which the certificates are to be surrendered, the liable entity did not have a renewable energy certificate shortfall.

98  Refund of charge where certificates surrendered

                   If a liable entity surrenders certificates under section 95, the Regulator must pay the liable entity the amount worked out using the formula:

where:

administration fee is the amount worked out under the regulations.


 

Part 9Penalty charge

  

99  Failure to provide statements or information

             (1)  A liable entity, other than a government body, is liable to pay, by way of penalty, penalty charge if the liable entity refuses or fails to provide, when and as required under this Act:

                     (a)  an energy acquisition statement; or

                     (b)  a renewable energy shortfall statement; or

                     (c)  information relevant to assessing the liable entity’s liability to pay renewable energy shortfall charge for a year.

             (2)  A liable entity is liable to pay, by way of penalty, penalty charge if:

                     (a)  the liable entity is liable to pay renewable energy shortfall charge in relation to a year; and

                     (b)  the liable entity fails to keep a record in relation to the year containing details of the basis of calculation of the following amounts that were specified in the liable entity’s energy acquisition statement for the year:

                              (i)  the amount of electricity acquired under relevant acquisitions during the year; and

                             (ii)  the value, in MWh, of renewable energy certificates being surrendered for that year; and

                            (iii)  any carried forward shortfall or carried forward surplus for the previous year; and

                            (iv)  any carried forward surplus for the current year.

             (3)  A liable entity is liable to pay, by way of penalty, penalty charge if:

                     (a)  the liable entity is liable to pay renewable energy shortfall charge in relation to a year; and

                     (b)  the liable entity refuses or fails to produce to the Regulator, when and as required by the Regulator under this Act, a document containing details of the basis of calculation of the amounts referred to in paragraph (2)(a) that were specified in an energy acquisition statement.

             (4)  The penalty charge payable under subsection (1), (2) or (3) is equal to double the amount of renewable energy shortfall charge payable by the liable entity for the year.

100  False or misleading statements

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a liable entity other than a government body:

                              (i)  makes a statement that is false or misleading in a material particular to a person for a purpose connected with this Act; or

                             (ii)  omits from a statement made to a person for a purpose connected with this Act anything without which the statement is misleading in a material particular; and

                     (b)  the renewable energy shortfall charge properly payable by the liable entity exceeds the renewable energy shortfall charge that would have been payable by the liable entity if it were assessed on the basis that the statement were not false or misleading;

the liable entity is liable to pay, by way of penalty, penalty charge equal to double the amount of the excess referred to in paragraph (b).

             (2)  A reference in this section to a statement made to a person for a purpose connected with this Act is a reference to a statement made orally, in writing, in a data processing device or in any other form and, for example, includes a statement:

                     (a)  made in an objection, statement or other document lodged with, given to or prepared for the person; and

                     (b)  made in answer to a question asked by the person; and

                     (c)  made in any information provided to the person.

101  Penalty charge where arrangement to avoid renewable energy shortfall charge

                   If, under section 41, a liable entity is liable to pay an amount of renewable energy shortfall charge (the amount payable) that is greater than the amount that would have been payable if section 41 had not applied to the liable entity (the notional amount), the liable entity is also liable to pay, by way of penalty, penalty charge worked out using the formula:

102  Assessment of penalty charge

             (1)  The Regulator must make an assessment of the penalty charge payable by a liable entity under this Part and must, as soon as practicable after the assessment is made, give written notice of the assessment to the liable entity.

             (2)  Nothing in this Act is taken to prevent a notice from being incorporated in a notice of any other assessment made in relation to the liable entity under this Act.

103  Remitting penalty charge

                   The Regulator may remit all or part of the penalty charge payable by a liable entity under this Part, but, for the purposes of applying subsection 33(1) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 to the power of remission conferred by this section, nothing in this Act is taken to prevent the exercise of the power at a time before an assessment is made of the penalty charge.


 

Part 10Administration

  

104  General administration of Act

                   The Regulator has the general administration of this Act.

105  Annual report

                   After the end of each year, the Regulator must give the Minister a report on the working of this Act during the year for presentation to the Parliament.


 

Part 11Audit

Division 1Overview

106  Overview of Part

This Part provides a regime for the audit of the affairs of registered persons and liable entities in so far as they relate to this Act.

Division 2 provides for the appointment of authorised officers to undertake audit functions and for the issue of identification for such persons.

Division 3 sets out the powers of authorised officers and Division 4 sets out the obligations imposed on authorised officers in the exercise of those powers.

Division 5 deals with an occupier’s rights and responsibilities in circumstances where an authorised officer seeks to exercise audit powers.

Division 6 deals with the procedure for obtaining, and the nature of, monitoring warrants.


 

Division 2Appointment of authorised officers and identity cards

107  Appointment of authorised officers

             (1)  The Regulator may, in writing, appoint an officer or employee of the Office of the Renewable Energy Regulator to be an authorised officer for the purposes of this Part.

          (1A)  The Regulator may, in writing, also appoint any of the following persons to be an authorised officer for the purposes of this Part:

                     (a)  any other person who is appointed or employed by the Commonwealth;

                     (b)  a person who is appointed or employed by a State or a Territory.

             (2)  The Regulator is not to appoint a person as an authorised officer unless the Regulator is satisfied that the person is of sufficient maturity, and has had sufficient training, to properly exercise the powers of an authorised officer.

             (3)  In exercising powers or performing functions as an authorised officer, an authorised officer must comply with any directions of the Regulator.

108  Identity cards

             (1)  The Regulator must issue an identity card to an authorised officer in the form prescribed by the regulations. The identity card must contain a recent photograph of the authorised officer.

             (2)  An authorised officer must carry the identity card at all times when exercising powers or performing functions as an authorised officer.

109  Offences related to identity cards

                   A person is guilty of an offence if:

                     (a)  the person has been issued with an identity card; and

                     (b)  the person ceases to be an authorised officer; and

                     (c)  the person does not, immediately after so ceasing, return the identity card to the Regulator.

Penalty:  1 penalty unit.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.


 

Division 3Powers of authorised officer

Subdivision AMonitoring powers

110  Entry to premises

             (1)  For the purposes of substantiating information provided under this Act or the regulations or of determining whether this Act or the regulations have been complied with, an authorised officer may:

                     (a)  enter any premises at any reasonable time of the day; and

                     (b)  exercise the monitoring powers set out in section 111.

             (2)  An authorised officer is not authorised to enter premises under subsection (1) unless:

                     (a)  the premises are business premises, the occupier of the premises has consented to the entry and the officer has shown his or her identity card if required by the occupier; or

                     (b)  the entry is made under a monitoring warrant.

             (3)  If an authorised officer is on the premises with the consent of the occupier, the authorised officer must leave the premises if the occupier asks the authorised officer to do so.

111  Monitoring powers of authorised officers

             (1)  For the purposes of this Part, the following are the monitoring powers that an authorised officer may exercise in relation to premises under section 110:

                     (a)  the power to search the premises for any thing on the premises that may relate to the creation or transfer of certificates or relevant acquisitions of electricity;

                     (b)  the power to examine any activity conducted on the premises that may relate to information provided for the purposes of this Act or the regulations;

                     (c)  the power to examine any thing on the premises that may relate to information provided for the purposes of this Act or the regulations;

                     (d)  the power to take photographs or make video or audio recordings or sketches on the premises of any such activity or thing;

                     (e)  the power to inspect any document on the premises that may relate to information provided for the purposes of this Act or the regulations;

                      (f)  the power to take extracts from, or make copies of, any such document;

                     (g)  the power to take onto the premises such equipment and materials as the authorised officer requires for the purpose of exercising powers in relation to the premises;

                     (h)  the power to secure a thing that:

                              (i)  is found during the exercise of monitoring powers on the premises; and

                             (ii)  an authorised officer believes on reasonable grounds affords evidence of the commission of an offence against this Act or the Crimes Act 1914; and

                            (iii)  the authorised officer believes on reasonable grounds would be lost, destroyed or tampered with before a warrant can be obtained;

                            until a warrant is obtained to seize the thing;

                      (i)  the powers in subsections (2) and (3).

             (2)  For the purposes of this Part, monitoring powers include the power to operate equipment at premises to see whether:

                     (a)  the equipment; or

                     (b)  a disk, tape or other storage device that:

                              (i)  is at the premises; and

                             (ii)  can be used with the equipment or is associated with it;

contains information that is relevant to substantiating information provided under this Act or the regulations.

             (3)  For the purposes of this Part, monitoring powers include the following powers in relation to information described in subsection (2) found in the exercise of the power under that subsection:

                     (a)  the power to operate facilities at the premises to put the information in documentary form and copy the documents so produced;

                     (b)  the power to operate facilities at the premises to transfer the information to a disk, tape or other storage device that:

                              (i)  is brought to the premises for the exercise of the power; or

                             (ii)  is at the premises and the use of which for the purpose has been agreed in writing by the occupier of the premises;

                     (c)  the power to remove from the premises a disk, tape or other storage device to which the information has been transferred in exercise of the power under paragraph (b).

Subdivision BPower of authorised officer to ask questions and seek production in certain circumstances

112  Authorised officer may request or require persons to answer questions etc.

Requesting

             (1)  If the authorised officer was only authorised to enter premises because the occupier of the premises consented to the entry—the authorised officer may request the occupier to:

                     (a)  answer any questions related to the creation or transfer of certificates, relevant acquisitions of electricity or the provision of information under this Act or the regulations that are put by the authorised officer; and

                     (b)  produce any document requested by the authorised officer that is so related.

Requiring

             (2)  If the authorised officer was authorised to enter the premises by a monitoring warrant—the authorised officer has power to require any person in or on the premises to:

                     (a)  answer any questions related to the creation or transfer of certificates, relevant acquisitions of electricity or the provision of information under this Act or the regulations that are put by the authorised officer; and

                     (b)  produce any document requested by the authorised officer that is so related.

113  Failure to provide information to authorised officer

             (1)  A person is guilty of an offence if the person refuses or fails to comply with a requirement under subsection 112(2).

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 6 months.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

             (2)  A person is excused from complying with a requirement of subsection 112(2) if the answer to the question or the production of the document might tend to incriminate the person or expose the person to a penalty.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2), see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.


 

Division 4Obligations and incidental powers of authorised officers

116  Authorised officer must produce identity card on request

                   An authorised officer is not entitled to exercise any powers under this Part in relation to premises if:

                     (a)  the occupier of the premises requires the authorised officer to produce his or her identity card for inspection by the occupier; and

                     (b)  the authorised officer fails to comply with the requirement.

117  Consent

             (1)  Before obtaining the consent of a person for the purposes of paragraph 110(2)(a), the authorised officer must inform the person that he or she may refuse consent.

             (2)  An entry of an authorised officer by virtue of the consent of a person is not lawful unless the person voluntarily consented to the entry.

118  Announcement before entry

                   An authorised officer executing a monitoring warrant must, before entering premises under the warrant:

                     (a)  announce that he or she is authorised to enter the premises; and

                     (b)  give any person at the premises an opportunity to allow entry to the premises.

119  Details of monitoring warrant to be given to occupier etc. before entry

             (1)  If a monitoring warrant is being executed and the occupier of the warrant premises or another person who apparently represents the occupier is present at the premises, the authorised officer must make available to that person a copy of the warrant.

             (2)  The authorised officer must identify himself or herself to that person.

             (3)  The copy of the warrant referred to in subsection (1) need not include the signature of the magistrate who issued the warrant.

Note:          Monitoring warrants are issued under section 125.

120  Use of electronic equipment in exercising monitoring powers

             (1)  An authorised officer or a person assisting that officer may operate electronic equipment already at premises in order to exercise monitoring powers if he or she believes, on reasonable grounds, that the operation of the equipment can be carried out without damage to the equipment.

             (2)  If the authorised officer or a person assisting that officer believes, on reasonable grounds, that:

                     (a)  there is on the premises material relating to information supplied under this Act or the regulations that may be accessible by operating electronic equipment on the premises; and

                     (b)  expert assistance is required to operate the equipment; and

                     (c)  if he or she does not take action under this subsection, the material may be destroyed, altered or otherwise interfered with;

he or she may do whatever is necessary to secure the equipment, whether by locking it up, placing a guard, or otherwise.

             (3)  The authorised officer or a person assisting that officer must give notice to the occupier of the premises of his or her intention to secure equipment and of the fact that the equipment may be secured for up to 24 hours.

             (4)  The equipment may be secured:

                     (a)  for a period not exceeding 24 hours; or

                     (b)  until the equipment has been operated by the expert;

whichever first happens.

             (5)  If an authorised officer or a person assisting that officer believes, on reasonable grounds, that the expert assistance will not be available within 24 hours, he or she may apply to a magistrate for an extension of the period.

             (6)  The authorised officer or a person assisting that officer must give notice to the occupier of the premises of his or her intention to apply for an extension and the occupier is entitled to be heard in relation to that application.

             (7)  The provisions of this Part relating to the issue of monitoring warrants apply, with such modifications as are necessary, to the issue of an extension.

             (8)  In this section:

premises means:

                     (a)  premises that an authorised officer has entered, and remains on, with the consent of the occupier; and

                     (b)  warrant premises.

121  Compensation for damage to electronic equipment

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  damage is caused to equipment as a result of it being operated as mentioned in section 120; and

                     (b)  the damage was caused as a result of:

                              (i)  insufficient care being exercised in selecting the person who was to operate the equipment; or

                             (ii)  insufficient care being exercised by the person operating the equipment;

compensation for the damage is payable to the owner of the equipment.

             (2)  The Regulator must pay the owner such reasonable compensation as the owner and the Regulator agree on. If the Regulator and the owner fail to agree, the owner may institute proceedings in the Federal Court of Australia for such reasonable amount of compensation as the Court determines.

             (3)  Compensation is payable out of money appropriated by the Parliament.

             (4)  In determining the amount of compensation payable, regard is to be had to whether the occupier of the premises and his or her employees and agents, if they were available at the time, had provided any warning or guidance as to the operation of the equipment that was appropriate in the circumstances.


 

Division 5Occupier’s rights and responsibilities

122  Occupier entitled to be present during execution of monitoring warrant

             (1)  If a monitoring warrant is being executed and the occupier of the warrant premises, or another person who apparently represents the occupier, is present at the premises, the person is entitled to observe the execution of the warrant.

             (2)  The right to observe the execution of the warrant ceases if the person impedes that execution.

             (3)  This section does not prevent the execution of the warrant in 2 or more areas of the premises at the same time.

123  Occupier to provide authorised officer with all facilities and assistance

                   The occupier of warrant premises, or another person who apparently represents the occupier, must provide the officer executing the warrant and any person assisting that officer with all reasonable facilities and assistance for the effective exercise of their powers.

124  Offences related to warrants

                   A person is guilty of an offence if the person fails to comply with the obligation set out in section 123.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.


 

Division 6Warrants

125  Monitoring warrants

             (1)  An authorised officer may apply to a magistrate for a warrant under this section in relation to premises.

             (2)  Subject to subsection (3), the magistrate may issue the warrant if the magistrate is satisfied, by information on oath, that it is reasonably necessary that one or more authorised officers should have access to the premises for the purposes of substantiating information provided under this Act or the regulations or of determining whether this Act or the regulations have been complied with.

             (3)  The magistrate must not issue the warrant unless the authorised officer or some other person has given to the magistrate, either orally or by affidavit, such further information (if any) as the magistrate requires concerning the grounds on which the issue of the warrant is being sought.

             (4)  The warrant must:

                     (a)  authorise one or more authorised officers (whether or not named in the warrant), with such assistance and by such force as is necessary and reasonable:

                              (i)  to enter the premises; and

                             (ii)  to exercise the powers set out in section 111 in relation to the premises; and

                     (b)  state whether the entry is authorised to be made at any time of the day or during specified hours of the day; and

                     (c)  specify the day (not more than 6 months after the issue of the warrant) on which the warrant ceases to have effect; and

                     (d)  state the purpose for which the warrant is issued.


 

Part 11AInformation‑gathering powers

  

125A  Regulator may obtain information and documents

             (1)  This section applies to a person if the Regulator has reason to believe that the person:

                     (a)  has information or a document that is relevant to the operation of this Act; or

                     (b)  is capable of giving evidence which the Regulator has reason to believe is relevant to the operation of this Act.

             (2)  The Regulator may, by written notice given to the person, require the person:

                     (a)  to give to the Regulator, within the period and in the manner and form specified in the notice, any such information; or

                     (b)  to produce to the Regulator, within the period and in the manner specified in the notice, any such documents; or

                     (c)  if the person is an individual—to appear before the Regulator at a time and place specified in the notice to give any such evidence, either orally or in writing, and produce any such documents; or

                     (d)  if the person is a body corporate—to cause a competent officer of the body to appear before the Regulator at a time and place specified in the notice to give any such evidence, either orally or in writing, and produce any such documents.

             (3)  A notice under subsection (2) must set out the effect of:

                     (a)  subsection (4); and

                     (b)  section 125E; and

                     (c)  sections 137.1 and 137.2 of the Criminal Code.

Note:          Sections 137.1 and 137.2 of the Criminal Code create offences for giving false or misleading information or documents.

             (4)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is given a notice under this section; and

                     (b)  the person fails to comply with the notice.

Penalty for contravention of this subsection: 20 penalty units.

125B  Self‑incrimination

             (1)  An individual is not excused from giving information or evidence or producing a document under this Part on the ground that the information or evidence or the production of the document might tend to incriminate the individual or expose the individual to a penalty.

             (2)  However:

                     (a)  the information or evidence given or the document produced; or

                     (b)  any information, document or thing obtained as a direct or indirect consequence of giving the information or evidence or producing the document;

is not admissible in evidence against the individual in criminal proceedings other than:

                     (c)  proceedings for an offence against subsection 125A(4) or section 125E; or

                     (d)  proceedings for an offence against section 137.1 or 137.2 of the Criminal Code (about false or misleading information or documents) that relates to this Part.

125C  Copies of documents

                   The Regulator may inspect a document produced under this Part and may make and retain copies of, or take and retain extracts from, such a document.

125D  Regulator may retain documents

             (1)  The Regulator may take, and retain for as long as is necessary, possession of a document produced under this Part.

             (2)  The person otherwise entitled to possession of the document is entitled to be supplied, as soon as practicable, with a copy certified by the Regulator to be a true copy.

             (3)  The certified copy must be received in all courts and tribunals as evidence as if it were the original.

             (4)  Until a certified copy is supplied, the Regulator must, at such times and places as the Regulator thinks appropriate, permit the person otherwise entitled to possession of the document, or a person authorised by that person, to inspect and make copies of, or take extracts from, the document.

125E  False or misleading evidence

                   A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person gives evidence to another person; and

                     (b)  the person does so knowing that the evidence is false or misleading in a material particular; and

                     (c)  the evidence is given in compliance or purported compliance with section 125A.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 12 months.


 

Part 12Secrecy

  

126  Persons to whom Part applies

             (1)  This Part applies to a person who is or has been:

                     (a)  the Regulator; or

                     (b)  a member of the staff of the Office of the Renewable Energy Regulator referred to in section 151; or

                     (c)  otherwise appointed or employed by, or a provider of services for, the Commonwealth.

Oath or declaration

             (2)  A person to whom this Part applies must, if and when required by the Regulator to do so, make an oath or declaration to maintain secrecy in accordance with this Part.

             (3)  The Regulator may determine, in writing:

                     (a)  the form of the oath or declaration; and

                     (b)  the manner in which the oath or declaration must be made.

127  Information may be recorded or divulged only for purposes of Act

             (1)  A person to whom this Part applies is guilty of an offence if the person:

                     (a)  makes a record of any protected information; or

                     (b)  whether directly or indirectly, divulges or communicates to a person any protected information about another person;

and the record is made, or the information is divulged or communicated, other than:

                     (c)  under or for the purposes of this Act; or

                     (d)  in the performance of duties, as a person to whom this Part applies, under or in relation to this Act.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

             (2)  Despite subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code, a defendant does not bear an evidential burden in relation to a matter specified in paragraph (1)(c) or (d).

128  Court may not require information or documents

                   A person to whom this Part applies is not required:

                     (a)  to divulge or communicate protected information to a court; or

                     (b)  to produce a protected document in court;

except where it is necessary to do so for the purposes of this Act.

129  Information may be divulged to persons performing duties under this Act

             (1)  Nothing in this Act prohibits the Regulator or a person authorised by the Regulator from divulging or communicating any information to a person performing, as a person to whom this Part applies, duties under or in relation to this Act for the purpose of enabling that person to perform those duties.

             (2)  Despite subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code, a defendant does not bear an evidential burden in relation to a matter specified in subsection (1).

130  Information may be divulged to court for purposes of this Act

             (1)  Nothing in this Act prohibits the Regulator, or a person authorised by the Regulator, from:

                     (a)  divulging or communicating to a court any information obtained under or for the purposes of this Act; or

                     (b)  producing in court a document obtained or made under or for the purposes of this Act;

where it is necessary to do so for the purposes of this Act.

             (2)  Despite subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code, a defendant does not bear an evidential burden in relation to a matter specified in subsection (1).

131  Information may be divulged with consent of the subject of the information

             (1)  This Part does not prohibit the Regulator, or a person authorised by the Regulator, from divulging or communicating any protected information relating to a person, or the affairs of a person, if the person agrees in writing to the divulging or communicating of the information.

             (2)  Despite subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code, a defendant does not bear an evidential burden in relation to a matter specified in subsection (1).

132  Information may be divulged to specified persons or bodies

             (1)  This Part does not prohibit the Regulator, or a person authorised by the Regulator, from divulging or communicating any protected information to:

                     (a)  the Minister, the Head of the Australian Greenhouse Office or an officer of the Australian Greenhouse Office authorised by the Head of the Australian Greenhouse Office for the purposes of this Part; or

                     (b)  the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for the purposes of the performance of any of its functions or the exercise of any of its powers in connection with proceedings under this Act; or

                     (c)  an officer of that part of the Agriculture Department known as the Australian Bureau of Agriculture and Resource Economics (ABARE) for the purposes of the performance of any of its functions or the exercise of any of ABARE’s powers; or

                     (d)  the Australian Statistician, or an officer of the Australian Bureau of Statistics, for purposes, limited to statistics, under the Census and Statistics Act 1905.

             (2)  Despite subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code, a defendant does not bear an evidential burden in relation to a matter specified in subsection (1).

133  Australian Bureau of Statistics to observe secrecy requirements

                   If information is divulged or communicated under paragraph 132(d) to the Australian Statistician or to an officer of the Australian Bureau of Statistics, then the information, or the information contained in the document, is taken to be information given for the purposes of the Census and Statistics Act 1905.

134  Regulator may publish certain information

                   The Regulator may publish:

                     (a)  a list of each liable entity that has a renewable energy certificate shortfall for a particular year; and

                    (aa)  both of the following:

                              (i)  the amount of each liable entity’s renewable energy certificate shortfall for that year;

                             (ii)  the proportion of that shortfall relative to the liable entity’s required renewable energy for that year; and

                     (b)  the total of the renewable energy certificate shortfalls for that year.


 

Part 13Registers

Division 1General

135  Registers to be maintained

                   The Regulator must maintain the following registers:

                     (a)  the register of registered persons;

                     (b)  the register of accredited power stations;

                     (c)  the register of renewable energy certificates;

                     (d)  the register of applications for accredited power stations.

 


 

Division 2The register of registered persons

136  Contents of register of registered persons

             (1)  The register of registered persons is to contain:

                     (a)  the name of each registered person; and

                     (b)  the registration number for each person; and

                     (c)  any other information that the Regulator considers appropriate.

             (2)  The register must also contain the following information about any person whose registration is suspended:

                     (a)  the name of the person;

                     (b)  the person’s registration number;

                     (c)  the period for which the registration is suspended;

                     (d)  any other information that the Regulator considers appropriate.

137  Form of register

             (1)  The register must be maintained by electronic means.

             (2)  The register is to be made available for inspection on the Internet.


 

Division 3The register of accredited power stations

138  Contents of register of accredited power stations

                   The register of accredited power stations is to contain:

                     (a)  the name of each accredited power station; and

                     (b)  the name of the nominated person for the accredited power station; and

                     (c)  the identification code for each accredited power station; and

                    (ca)  the 1997 eligible renewable power baseline for each power station (including any variation of that baseline under section 30F); and

                     (d)  any other information that the Regulator considers appropriate.

139  Form of register

             (1)  The register must be maintained by electronic means.

             (2)  The register is to be made available for inspection on the Internet.


 

Division 4The register of renewable energy certificates

140  Contents of register of renewable energy certificates

                   The register of renewable energy certificates is to contain:

                     (a)  the unique identification code of each valid renewable energy certificate; and

                     (b)  the year in which the certificate was created; and

                     (c)  the name of the person who created the certificate; and

                     (d)  the name of the current registered owner, and each previous registered owner, of each certificate; and

                    (da)  the eligible renewable energy source or sources in respect of which the certificate was created; and

                     (e)  any other information that the Regulator considers appropriate.

141  Form of register

             (1)  The register must be maintained by electronic means.

             (2)  The register is to be made available for inspection on the Internet.

             (3)  Any addition to the register must be published on the Internet within 30 days after the Regulator registers a certificate.


 

 

Division 5The register of applications for accredited power stations

141A  Contents of register of applications for accredited power stations

                   The register of applications for accredited power stations is to contain:

                     (a)  the name of each applicant for an accredited power station; and

                     (b)  the location of the power station; and

                     (c)  the eligible renewable energy source or sources proposed to be used by the power station; and

                     (d)  any other information that the Regulator considers appropriate.

141B  Form of register

             (1)  The register must be maintained by electronic means.

             (2)  The register is to be made available for inspection on the Internet.


 

Part 14Renewable Energy Regulator and Office of the Renewable Energy Regulator

Division 1Renewable Energy Regulator

142  Renewable Energy Regulator

             (1)  There is to be a Regulator.

             (2)  Whenever a vacancy occurs in the office of Regulator, an appointment must be made to the office as soon as practicable.

143  Appointment of Regulator

             (1)  The Regulator is to be appointed by the Minister by written instrument.

             (2)  The Regulator holds office for the period specified in the instrument of appointment. The period must not exceed 7 years.

             (3)  The Regulator holds office on a full‑time basis.

             (4)  The Regulator must not engage in paid employment outside the duties of the Regulator’s office without the Minister’s approval.

             (5)  For the purposes of the Superannuation Act 1976 and the Trust Deed under the Superannuation Act 1990, the minimum retiring age for the Regulator is 55. However, if the instrument of appointment specifies a younger age, then the younger age applies.

144  Remuneration of Regulator

             (1)  The Regulator is to be paid the remuneration that is determined by the Remuneration Tribunal. However, if no determination of that remuneration by the Tribunal is in operation, the Regulator is to be paid the remuneration that is prescribed by the regulations.

             (2)  The Regulator is to be paid such allowances as are prescribed by the regulations.

             (3)  This section has effect subject to the Remuneration Tribunal Act 1973.

145  Recreation leave etc.

             (1)  The Regulator has such recreation leave entitlements as are determined by the Remuneration Tribunal.

             (2)  The Minister may grant the Regulator other leave of absence on such terms and conditions as the Minister determines. The terms and conditions may include terms and conditions relating to remuneration.

146  Resignation

                   The Regulator may resign by giving the Minister a signed resignation notice.

147  Removal from office etc.

             (1)  The Minister may terminate the appointment of the Regulator for misbehaviour or physical or mental incapacity.

             (2)  The Minister may also terminate the appointment of the Regulator if:

                     (a)  the Regulator is absent, except on leave of absence, for 14 consecutive days or for 28 days in any 12 months; or

                     (b)  the Regulator engages, except with the Minister’s approval, in paid employment outside the duties of his or her office.

             (3)  The Minister must terminate the appointment of the Regulator if the Regulator:

                     (a)  becomes bankrupt; or

                     (b)  applies to take the benefit of any law for the relief of bankrupt or insolvent debtors; or

                     (c)  compounds with his or her creditors; or

                     (d)  makes an assignment of his or her remuneration for the benefit of his or her creditors; or

                     (e)  fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with section 147A (disclosure of interests).

             (4)  If the Regulator is:

                     (a)  an eligible employee for the purposes of the Superannuation Act 1976; or

                     (b)  a member of the superannuation scheme established by the Trust Deed under the Superannuation Act 1990; or

                     (c)  an ordinary employer‑sponsored member of PSSAP, within the meaning of the Superannuation Act 2005;

the Minister may, with the consent of the Regulator, retire the Regulator from office on the ground of physical or mental incapacity.

             (5)  For the purposes of the Superannuation Act 1976, the Regulator is taken to have been retired from office on the ground of invalidity if:

                     (a)  the Regulator is removed or retired from office on the ground of physical or mental incapacity; and

                     (b)  the Board (within the meaning of the Superannuation Act 1976) gives a certificate under section 54C of that Act.

             (6)  For the purposes of the Superannuation Act 1990, the Regulator is taken to have been retired from office on the ground of invalidity if:

                     (a)  the Regulator is removed or retired from office on the ground of physical or mental incapacity; and

                     (b)  the Board (within the meaning of the Superannuation Act 1990) gives a certificate under section 13 of that Act.

             (7)  For the purposes of the Superannuation Act 2005, the Regulator is taken to have been retired from office on the ground of invalidity if:

                     (a)  the Regulator is removed or retired from office on the ground of physical or mental incapacity; and

                     (b)  the Board (within the meaning of the Superannuation Act 2005) gives an approval and certificate under section 43 of that Act.

147A  Disclosure of interests

             (1)  The Regulator must give written notice to the Minister of all interests, pecuniary or otherwise, that the Regulator has or acquires and that could conflict with the proper performance of the Regulator’s functions.

             (2)  A notice under subsection (1) is not a legislative instrument.

148  Acting appointment

             (1)  The Minister may appoint a person to act as Regulator:

                     (a)  if there is a vacancy in the office of Regulator, whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office; or

                     (b)  during any period, or during all periods, when the Regulator is absent from duty or from Australia or is, for any reason, unable to perform the duties of the office.

             (2)  Anything done by or in relation to a person purporting to act under this section is not invalid merely because:

                     (a)  the occasion for the appointment had not arisen; or

                     (b)  there was a defect or irregularity in connection with the appointment; or

                     (c)  the appointment had ceased to have effect; or

                     (d)  the occasion to act had not arisen or had ceased.

             (3)  A person acting under this section is entitled to the same remuneration and allowances as apply to the office of Regulator.

Note:          Section 33A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 has rules that apply to acting appointments.


 

Division 2Office of the Renewable Energy Regulator

149  Establishment

             (1)  There is established an Office called the Office of the Renewable Energy Regulator.

             (2)  The Office of the Renewable Energy Regulator consists of the Regulator and the staff referred to in section 151.

150  Function

                   The function of the Office of the Renewable Energy Regulator is to assist the Regulator in performing the Regulator’s functions.

151  Staff

             (1)  The staff of the Office of the Renewable Energy Regulator are to be persons engaged under the Public Service Act 1999.

Note:          Under section 155, the Regulator may also engage persons under contract.

             (2)  For the purposes of the Public Service Act 1999:

                     (a)  the Regulator and the APS employees assisting the Regulator together constitute a Statutory Agency; and

                     (b)  the Regulator is the Head of that Statutory Agency.


 

Part 15Offences for failure to provide documents

  

154  Failure to provide documents

             (1)  A person is guilty of an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is required under this Act or the regulations to provide a document (including a statement or return) to the Regulator or to another person within a specified time or by a specified date; and

                     (b)  the person does not provide the document by the specified time or the specified date (as the case requires).

Penalty:  30 penalty units.

             (2)  Subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note 1:       Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility and Chapter 3 of the Criminal Code contains general principles relating to penalties.

Note 2:       For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

             (3)  A person is guilty of an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is required under this Act or the regulations to provide a document (including a statement or return) to the Regulator or to another person within a specified time or by a specified date; and

                     (b)  the person does not provide the document by the specified time or the specified date (as the case requires).

Penalty:  6 months imprisonment.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.


 

Part 16Miscellaneous

  

155  Contracting outsiders

                   The Regulator, on behalf of the Commonwealth, may engage any person under contract to assist in the performance of any function of the Regulator.

156  Delegation

Delegation to senior officers of the Office of the Renewable Energy Regulator

             (1)  The Regulator may, by writing, delegate to one or more senior officers of the Office of the Renewable Energy Regulator any or all of the Regulator’s functions or powers under this Act.

Delegation to senior employees of an authorised Commonwealth contractor

             (2)  The Regulator may, by writing, delegate to one or more senior employees of an authorised Commonwealth contractor any or all of the Regulator’s functions or powers under this Act, other than the function referred to in:

                     (a)  sections 30, 41, 48, 49, 105, 107 and 108; and

                     (b)  Parts 6, 7, 9, 11, 12 and 14.

Delegate subject to direction of Regulator

             (3)  A delegate is, in the performance of a function delegated under subsection (1) or (2), or in the exercise of a power delegated under subsection (1) or (2), subject to the directions of the Regulator.

Section 70 of the Crimes Act 1914

             (4)  For the purposes of the application of the definition of Commonwealth officer in subsection 3(1) of the Crimes Act 1914 to section 70 of that Act, a person who performs functions, or exercises powers, under a delegation under this section is taken to be a person who performs services for the Commonwealth.

157  Appropriation

                   Payments under this Act are to be made out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund, which is appropriated accordingly.

158  Judicial notice of signature

                   All courts and tribunals, and all judges and persons acting judicially or authorised by law or consent of parties to hear, receive and examine evidence, are to take judicial notice of the signature of a person who holds or has held the office of Regulator.

159  Evidence

             (1)  The mere production of:

                     (a)  a notice of assessment; or

                     (b)  a document signed by the Regulator purporting to be a copy of a notice of assessment;

is conclusive evidence of the due making of the assessment and, except in proceedings under Division 1 of Part 6 on a review or appeal relating to the assessment, that the amounts and all of the particulars of the assessment are correct.

             (2)  A document signed by the Regulator purporting to be a copy of a document issued or given by the Regulator is prima facie evidence that the second‑mentioned document was so issued or given.

             (3)  A document signed by the Regulator purporting to be a copy of, or an extract from, a renewable energy shortfall statement or a notice of assessment is evidence of the matter set out in the document to the same extent as the original statement or notice, as the case may be, would be if it were produced.

             (4)  A certificate signed by the Regulator certifying that a sum specified in the certificate was, on the day of the certificate, payable by a person in relation to an amount of a renewable energy shortfall charge related liability, is prima facie evidence of the matters stated in the certificate.

             (5)  An energy acquisition statement or a renewable energy shortfall statement purporting to be made or signed by or on behalf of a liable entity is evidence that the statement was made by the liable entity or with the liable entity’s authority.

160  Records to be kept and preserved by registered persons and liable entities

             (1)  A person that is a registered person or a liable entity must keep records that record and explain all transactions and other acts engaged in, or required to be engaged in by the registered person or liable entity, under this Act.

             (2)  The records kept by a registered person must include any documents relevant to ascertaining:

                     (a)  the amount of electricity generated by the registered person during a year; and

                     (b)  the amount of that electricity that was generated from eligible renewable energy sources; and

                     (c)  details of all certificates issued by the registered person during the year; and

                     (d)  any other prescribed matter.

             (3)  The records kept by a liable entity must include any documents relevant to ascertaining:

                     (a)  the amount of electricity acquired by the liable entity under relevant acquisitions during a year; and

                     (b)  any other prescribed matter.

             (4)  The records must be kept:

                     (a)  in writing in the English language or so as to enable the records to be readily accessible and convertible into writing in the English language; and

                     (b)  so that the liable entity’s liability under this Act can be readily ascertained.

             (5)  A registered person, or a liable entity, who has possession of any records kept or obtained under or for the purposes of this Act must retain them until the end of 5 years after those records were prepared or obtained, or the completion of the transactions or acts to which those records relate, whichever is later.

             (6)  Nothing in this section requires a registered person or liable entity to retain records if:

                     (a)  the Regulator has notified the registered person or liable entity that the retention of the records is not required; or

                     (b)  the registered person or liable entity is a company that has gone into liquidation and been finally dissolved.

             (7)  A registered person or liable entity who contravenes this section is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by a fine not exceeding 30 penalty units.

161  Regulations

                   The Governor‑General may make regulations prescribing all matters:

                     (a)  required or permitted by this Act to be prescribed; or

                     (b)  necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to this Act;

and, in particular, may make regulations prescribing penalties not exceeding a fine of 50 penalty units for offences against the regulations.

162  Review of operation of Act

             (1)  The Minister must cause an independent review of the operation of this Act, including consideration of:

                     (a)  the extent to which the Act has:

                              (i)  contributed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions; and

                             (ii)  encouraged additional generation of electricity from renewable energy sources; and

                     (b)  the extent to which the policy objectives of this Act have been achieved and the need for any alternative approach; and

                     (c)  the mix of technologies that has resulted from the implementation of the provisions of this Act; and

                     (d)  the level of penalties provided under this Act; and

                     (e)  the need for indexation of the renewable energy shortfall charge to the Consumer Price Index to maintain the real value of the charge and the associated penalty charge; and

                      (f)  other environmental impacts that have resulted from the implementation of the provisions of this Act, including the extent to which non‑plantation forestry waste has been utilised; and

                     (g)  the possible introduction of a portfolio approach, a cap on the contribution of any one source and measures to recognise the relative greenhouse intensities of various technologies; and

                     (h)  the level of the overall target and interim targets;

to be undertaken as soon as practicable after the second anniversary of the commencement of this Act.

             (2)  A person who undertakes such a review must give the Minister a written report of the review.

             (3)  The Minister must cause a copy of the report of the review to be tabled in each House of the Parliament within 12 months after the second anniversary of the commencement of this Act.

             (4)  In this section:

independent review means a review undertaken by persons who:

                     (a)  in the Minister’s opinion possess appropriate qualifications to undertake the review; and

                     (b)  include one or more persons who are not employed by the Commonwealth or a Commonwealth authority and have not, since the commencement of the Act, provided services to the Commonwealth or a Commonwealth authority under or in connection with a contract.

Part 17Application of Act to 2001

  

163  Object of Part

                   The object of this Part is:

                     (a)  not to apply this Act to the period of 3 months commencing on 1 January 2001; but

                     (b)  to apply this Act to the period of 9 months commencing on 1 April 2001 as if that period were the whole of the year commencing on 1 January 2001.

This means that the Act does not apply to electricity generated before 1 April 2001.

164  Modification of references to a year

                   This Act applies in relation to the year commencing on 1 January 2001 as if all references to a year, to the extent that they are references to the year commencing on 1 January 2001 (including specific references to the year commencing on 1 January 2001), were references to the period of 9 months commencing on 1 April 2001.

165  Modification of other references

                   This Act applies in relation to the year commencing on 1 January 2001 as if the reference in section 39 to “31 March in the year” were a reference to “30 June in the year”.


Notes to the Renewable Energy (Electricity) Act 2000

Note 1

The Renewable Energy (Electricity) Act 2000 as shown in this compilation comprises Act No. 174, 2000 amended as indicated in the Tables below.

For all relevant information pertaining to application, saving or transitional provisions see Table A.

Table of Acts

Act

Number
and year

Date
of Assent

Date of commencement

Application, saving or transitional provisions

Renewable Energy (Electricity) Act 2000

174, 2000

21 Dec 2000

18 Jan 2001

 

Renewable Energy (Electricity) Amendment Act 2006

90, 2006

30 June 2006

Schedule 1: 11 Sept 2006 (see F2006L02947)
Remainder: Royal Assent

Sch. 1 (items
193–207)

Superannuation Legislation Amendment (Trustee Board and Other Measures) (Consequential Amendments) Act 2008

26, 2008

23 June 2008

Schedule 1 (items 109–112): Royal Assent

Statute Law Revision Act 2008

73, 2008

3 July 2008

Schedule 1 (items 41–45): (a)

Australian Energy Market Amendment (AEMO and Other Measures) Act 2009

17, 2009

26 Mar 2009

Schedule 1 (items 7–11): [see Note 2]


(a)     Subsection 2(1) (item 29) of the Statute Law Revision Act 2008 provides as follows:

                 (1)   Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Commencement information

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Provision(s)

Commencement

Date/Details

29.  Schedule 1, items 41 to 45

Immediately after the commencement of the Renewable Energy (Electricity) Act 2000.

18 January 2001


Table of Amendments

ad. = added or inserted     am. = amended     rep. = repealed     rs. = repealed and substituted

Provision affected

How affected

Part 1

 

S. 3......................................

am. No. 90, 2006

S. 5......................................

am. No. 90, 2006

Part 2

 

Division 1

 

S. 8......................................

am. No. 90, 2006

Division 2

 

Heading to Div. 2 of Part 2..

rs. No. 90, 2006

S. 9......................................

am. No. 90, 2006

Division 2A

 

Div. 2A of Part 2..................

ad. No. 90, 2006

Ss. 12A–12C.......................

ad. No. 90, 2006

Division 3

 

Ss. 13, 14............................

am. No. 90, 2006

Note to s. 14(1)...................

ad. No. 90, 2006

Note to s. 14(3)...................

ad. No. 90, 2006

Note to s. 15........................

ad. No. 90, 2006

Ss. 15A, 15B.......................

ad. No. 90, 2006

S. 17....................................

rs. No. 90, 2006

Division 4

 

Subdivision A

 

S. 18....................................

am. No. 90, 2006

S. 19....................................

rs. No. 90, 2006

S. 20....................................

am. No. 90, 2006

S. 20A.................................

ad. No. 90, 2006

Subdivision B

 

Ss. 21, 22............................

am. No. 90, 2006

S. 23AA..............................

ad. No. 90, 2006

Subdivision BA

 

Ss. 23A–23D.......................

am. No. 90, 2006

S. 23E..................................

ad. No. 90, 2006

Subdivision BB

 

Subdiv. BB of Div. 4 of........
Part 2

ad. No. 90, 2006

S. 23F..................................

ad. No. 90, 2006

Subdivision C

 

S. 24....................................

am. No. 90, 2006

Division 5

 

Heading to s. 25..................

am. No. 90, 2006

S. 25....................................

am. No. 90, 2006

S. 25A.................................

ad. No. 90, 2006

Division 7

 

S. 28A.................................

ad. No. 90, 2006

S. 29....................................

am. No. 90, 2006

Division 8

 

Heading to s. 30..................

rs. No. 90, 2006

S. 30A.................................

ad. No. 90, 2006

Division 9

 

Div. 9 of Part 2....................

ad. No. 90, 2006

S. 30B.................................

ad. No. 90, 2006

Division 10

 

Div. 10 of Part 2..................

ad. No. 90, 2006

S. 30C.................................

ad. No. 90, 2006

Division 11

 

Div. 11 of Part 2..................

ad. No. 90, 2006

Ss. 30D, 30E.......................

ad. No. 90, 2006

Division 12

 

Div. 12 of Part 2..................

ad. No. 90, 2006

S. 30F..................................

ad. No. 90, 2006

Part 3

 

Ss. 31–33............................

am. No. 90, 2006

Heading to s. 34..................

am. No. 90, 2006

S. 34....................................

am. No. 90, 2006

Part 4

 

Division 1

 

S. 38....................................

am. No. 90, 2006

Division 2

 

Ss. 39, 40............................

am. No. 90, 2006

Division 3

 

Note to s. 41........................

ad. No. 90, 2006

S. 42....................................

am. No. 90, 2006

Part 5

 

Division 1

 

S. 44....................................

am. No. 90, 2006

Note to s. 44(1)...................

ad. No. 90, 2006

S. 45....................................

am. No. 90, 2006

S. 45A.................................

ad. No. 90, 2006

S. 46....................................

am. No. 90, 2006

Division 2

 

Ss. 47–49............................

am. No. 90, 2006

Note to s. 49(1)...................

ad. No. 90, 2006

S. 50....................................

am. No. 90, 2006

S. 52....................................

am. No. 90, 2006

S. 53A.................................

ad. No. 90, 2006

Part 6

 

Division 1

 

Ss. 54, 55............................

am. No. 90, 2006

Heading to s. 57..................

am. No. 90, 2006

Ss. 57, 58............................

am. No. 90, 2006

S. 62....................................

am. No. 90, 2006

S. 65....................................

am. No. 90, 2006

Division 2

 

S. 66....................................

am. No. 90, 2006

Part 7

 

Heading to Part 7.................

rs. No. 90, 2006

Division 1

 

Heading to s. 68..................

am. No. 90, 2006

S. 68....................................

am. No. 90, 2006

S. 70....................................

rs. No. 90, 2006

Division 2

 

Subdivision C

 

Ss. 81, 82............................

am. No. 90, 2006

Subdivision D

 

Ss. 85, 86............................

am. No. 90, 2006

Subdivision E

 

S. 89....................................

am. No. 90, 2006

Part 8

 

Ss. 95, 96............................

am. No. 90, 2006

Part 9

 

Ss. 99, 100..........................

am. No. 90, 2006

Heading to s. 101................

am. No. 90, 2006

S. 101..................................

am. No. 90, 2006

Heading to s. 102................

am. No. 90, 2006

S. 102..................................

am. No. 90, 2006

Heading to s. 103................

am. No. 90, 2006

S. 103..................................

am. No. 90, 2006

Part 11

 

Division 2

 

S. 107..................................

am. No. 90, 2006

S. 109..................................

am. No. 90, 2006

Division 3

 

Subdivision A

 

Heading to s. 110................

rs. No. 90, 2006

Ss. 110, 111........................

am. No. 90, 2006

Subdivision B

 

Ss. 112, 113........................

am. No. 90, 2006

Ss. 114, 115........................

rep. No. 90, 2006

Division 4

 

Ss. 119, 120........................

am. No. 90, 2006

Division 5

 

S. 124..................................

am. No. 90, 2006

Division 6

 

S. 125..................................

am. No. 90, 2006

Part 11A

 

Part 11A..............................

ad. No. 90, 2006

Ss. 125A–125E...................

ad. No. 90, 2006

Part 12

 

S. 126..................................

am. No. 90, 2006

S. 127..................................

am. No. 90, 2006; No. 73, 2008

S. 128..................................

am. No. 90, 2006

S. 129..................................

am. No. 73, 2008

S. 130..................................

am. No. 90, 2006; No. 73, 2008

S. 131..................................

am. No. 73, 2008

S. 132..................................

am. No. 90, 2006; No. 73, 2008

S. 134..................................

am. No. 90, 2006

Part 13

 

Division 3

 

S. 138..................................

am. No. 90, 2006

Division 4

 

S. 140..................................

am. No. 90, 2006

Division 5

 

S. 141A...............................

am. No. 90, 2006

Part 14

 

Division 1

 

S. 147..................................

am. No. 90, 2006; No. 26, 2008

S. 147A...............................

ad. No. 90, 2006

S. 148..................................

am. No. 90, 2006

Part 15

 

Heading to Part 15...............

rs. No. 90, 2006

Ss. 152, 153........................

rep. No. 90, 2006

S. 154..................................

am. No. 90, 2006

Part 16

 

Ss. 160, 161........................

am. No. 90, 2006


Note 2

Australian Energy Market Amendment (AEMO and Other Measures) Act 2009 (No. 17, 2009)

The following amendments commence on 26 September 2009 unless proclaimed earlier:

Schedule 1

7  Subsection 5(1)

Insert:

AEMO has the same meaning as in the National Electricity Law set out in the Schedule to the National Electricity (South Australia) Act 1996 of South Australia.

8  Subsection 5(1) (definition of NEMMCO)

Repeal the definition.

9  Paragraph 31(2)(c)

Omit “NEMMCO”, substitute “AEMO”.

10  Paragraph 32(1)(a)

Omit “NEMMCO”, substitute “AEMO”.

11  Section 34

Omit “NEMMCO”, substitute “AEMO”.

Note:       The heading to section 34 is altered by omitting “NEMMCO” and substituting “AEMO”.

As at 6 April 2009 the amendments are not incorporated in this compilation.


Table A

Application, saving or transitional provisions

Renewable Energy (Electricity) Amendment Act 2006 (No. 90, 2006)

Schedule 1

193  Application—creation of renewable energy certificates

The amendments made by items 4, 44, 45, 46, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 179 and 180 apply in relation to certificates created after the commencement of those items.

194  Application—charges

The amendments made by items 7, 15, 19, 114, 125, 130, 131, 133, 134, 135 and 145 to 152 apply in relation to amounts that a liable entity becomes liable to pay after the commencement of those items.

195  Application—applications for accreditation of a power station

The amendments made by items 30, 31, 32, 34, 38 and 181 apply in relation to applications made after the commencement of those items.

196  Application—time limit for deciding applications

The amendment made by item 42 (in so far as it inserts section 15A of the Renewable Energy (Electricity) Act 2000) applies in relation to applications made after the commencement of that item.

197  Application—electricity generation

The amendments made by items 43 and 49 apply in relation to electricity generated after the commencement of those items.

198  Transitional—electricity generated before commencement

A person is not entitled to create a certificate under section 18 of the Renewable Energy (Electricity) Act 2000, in respect of electricity generated before this item commences, at any time after the end of the year after the year in which this item commences.

Note:       Section 24 of that Act creates offences for the improper creation of certificates.

199  Application—solar water heaters and small generation units

Creation of solar water heater certificates etc.

(1)        The amendments made by items 54, 55, 57 and 58 apply in relation to solar water heaters installed after the commencement of those items.

Creation of small generation unit certificates

(2)        The amendments made by items 59, 60 (in so far as it inserts subsection 23A(2) of the Renewable Energy (Electricity) Act 2000), 65 and 66 apply in relation to small generation units installed after the commencement of those items.

(3)        The amendments made by items 60 (in so far as it inserts subsection 23A(3) of the Renewable Energy (Electricity) Act 2000), 61 and 62 apply in relation to small generation units installed before or after the commencement of those items.

Assignment of right to create small generation unit certificates

(4)        The amendments made by items 63 and 64 apply in relation to assignments made after the commencement of those items in relation to small generation units installed before or after that commencement.

Returns

(5)        The amendment made by item 67 applies in relation to years ending after the commencement of that item.

200  Application—surrender of certificates

The amendment made by item 74 applies in relation to certificates created before or after the commencement of that item.

201  Application—relevant acquisitions of electricity

The amendments made by items 81 and 84 apply in relation to acquisitions of electricity occurring in the year ending 31 December 2006 or in any later year.

202  Saving—fees for surrender of certificates

Regulations in force for the purposes of subsection 44(5) of the Renewable Energy (Electricity) Act 2000 immediately before the commencement of this item have effect after that commencement as if they were regulations made for the purposes of that subsection after that commencement.

203  Application—secrecy

The amendments made by items 172, 173 and 174 apply in relation to proceedings instituted after the commencement of those items.

204  Application—publication

The amendment made by item 175 applies in relation to years ending after the commencement of that item.

205  Application—register of accredited power stations

The amendment made by item 178 applies in relation to power stations accredited before or after the commencement of that item.

206  Transitional—accredited power stations

(1)        This item applies in relation to a power station that was accredited under Division 3 of Part 2 of the Renewable Energy (Electricity) Act 2000 before the commencement of this item.

(2)        The Regulator must, within 28 days after the commencement of that item, approve a person as the nominated person for the power station.

Note:       The register of accredited power stations is to contain the name of the nominated person for an accredited power station: see section 138 of the Renewable Energy (Electricity) Act 2000.

(3)        The person approved must be a stakeholder in relation to the power station.

Note:       Another stakeholder in relation to the power station may later apply to the Regulator to become the nominated person for the power station: see section 30B of the Renewable Energy (Electricity) Act 2000.

(4)        The approval must be in writing and is taken to be an approval given under section 30B of the Renewable Energy (Electricity) Act 2000.

(5)        For the purposes of section 66 of the Renewable Energy (Electricity) Act 2000:

                     (a)  the approval is taken to be a reviewable decision; and

                     (b)  the affected person in relation to that decision is taken to be any other stakeholder in relation to the power station.

(6)        For the purposes of this item, stakeholder, in relation to a power station, means:

                     (a)  a person who operates the power station (whether alone or together with one or more other persons); or

                     (b)  a person who owns all, or a part, of the power station (whether alone or together with one or more other persons).

207  Transitional—relevant acquisitions of electricity

(1)        This item applies if:

                     (a)  a person has lodged an energy acquisition statement for the year (the applicable year) ending on 31 December 2001, 31 December 2002, 31 December 2003, 31 December 2004 or 31 December 2005; and

                     (b)  the amount of electricity specified in the statement as having been acquired under relevant acquisitions is greater than the amount that would have been acquired under relevant acquisitions if the amendments made by items 81 and 84 had applied to the applicable year.

(2)        If this item applies, the amount of electricity acquired under relevant acquisitions during the applicable year is taken to be the amount that would have been acquired under relevant acquisitions if the amendments made by items 81 and 84 had applied to the applicable year.

(3)        If, after the application of this item, the person has a carried forward surplus at the end of the applicable year, the Regulator may, upon written application by the person:

                     (a)  reduce the carried forward surplus of the person for the applicable year (which may be to nil); and

                     (b)  reduce the renewable energy certificate shortfall of another person for the applicable year by a corresponding amount.