Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

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A Bill for an Act to reduce pollution caused by emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, and for other purposes
Administered by: PMC (DCC)
For authoritative information on the progress of bills and on amendments proposed to them, please see the House of Representatives Votes and Proceedings, and the Journals of the Senate as available on the Parliament House website.
Registered 18 May 2009
Introduced HR 14 May 2009

2008‑2009

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

 

 

 

Presented and read a first time

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme Bill 2009

 

No.      , 2009

 

(Climate Change and Water)

 

 

 

A Bill for an Act to reduce pollution caused by emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, and for other purposes

  

  

  


Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                               1

1............ Short title............................................................................................ 1

2............ Commencement.................................................................................. 2

3............ Objects................................................................................................ 3

4............ Simplified outline................................................................................ 4

5............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 5

5A......... Extended meaning of supply.............................................................. 28

6............ When supply occurs......................................................................... 28

7............ Vacancy in the office of an expert advisory committee member...... 29

8............ Electronic notice transmitted to the Authority................................ 29

9............ Crown to be bound........................................................................... 30

10.......... Extension to external Territories....................................................... 30

11.......... Extension to exclusive economic zone and continental shelf............ 30

11A....... Extension to Joint Petroleum Development Area............................ 30

12.......... Application to foreign ships............................................................. 31

Part 2—National scheme cap and national scheme gateway                       32

13.......... Simplified outline.............................................................................. 32

14.......... National scheme cap......................................................................... 32

15.......... National scheme gateway................................................................. 35

Part 3—Liable entities                                                                                                       38

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                          38

16.......... Simplified outline.............................................................................. 38

Division 2—Direct emitters of greenhouse gases                                      40

Subdivision A—General rules                                                                                40

17.......... Liable entity—controlling corporation of a group............................ 40

18.......... Liable entity—non‑group entity...................................................... 43

19.......... Liable entity—holder of a liability transfer certificate..................... 47

Subdivision B—Landfill facilities                                                                          50

20.......... Liable entity for landfill emissions—controlling corporation of a group 50

21.......... Liable entity for landfill emissions—non‑group entity.................... 55

22.......... Liable entity for landfill emissions—holder of a liability transfer certificate          60

Subdivision BA—Adjustment of provisional emissions number in relation to a facility in the Joint Petroleum Development Area or the Greater Sunrise unit area            65

22A....... Joint Petroleum Development Area—adjustment of provisional emissions number              65

22B....... Joint Petroleum Development Area‑Greater Sunrise unit area—adjustment of provisional emissions number     66

22C....... Greater Sunrise unit area—adjustment of provisional emissions number               67

Subdivision C—Anti‑avoidance                                                                               68

23.......... Anti‑avoidance.................................................................................. 68

Subdivision D—Greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of a facility      69

24.......... Greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of a facility.................. 69

25.......... Measurement of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of a facility               70

Division 3—Importers, manufacturers and suppliers of synthetic greenhouse gases   71

26.......... Liable entity—import of synthetic greenhouse gas.......................... 71

27.......... Liable entity—manufacture of synthetic greenhouse gas................. 73

28.......... Liable entity—re‑supply of synthetic greenhouse gas to recipient who does not quote an OTN          75

29.......... Liable entity—supply of synthetic greenhouse gas to a person who misuses the person’s OTN         75

30.......... Anti‑avoidance.................................................................................. 76

Division 4—Importers, producers and suppliers of eligible upstream fuels       78

31.......... Liable entity—import of liquid petroleum fuel................................ 78

32.......... Liable entity—production of liquid petroleum fuel......................... 79

33.......... Liable entity—supply of untransformed eligible upstream fuel (other than liquid petroleum fuel)       80

33A....... Liable entity—re‑supply of natural gas previously supplied out of a prescribed wholesale gas market                82

34.......... Liable entity—application to own use of untransformed eligible upstream fuel (other than liquid petroleum fuel).......................................................................................................... 82

35.......... Liable entity—supply of transformed eligible upstream fuel.......... 83

36.......... Liable entity—application of transformed eligible upstream fuel to own use         85

37.......... Liable entity—re‑supply of eligible upstream fuel.......................... 85

38.......... Liable entity—application of eligible upstream fuel to OTN holder’s own use     87

39.......... Liable entity—application of transformed eligible upstream fuel to OTN holder’s own use 88

40.......... Liable entity—supply of eligible upstream fuel to a person who misuses the person’s OTN               89

Division 5—Obligation transfer numbers                                                        90

Subdivision A—Issue of obligation transfer numbers                                       90

41.......... Issue of OTN.................................................................................... 90

42.......... Application for OTN....................................................................... 90

43.......... Further information.......................................................................... 90

44.......... Issue of OTN as the result of an application................................... 91

45.......... Issue of OTN on the Authority’s own initiative............................. 92

46.......... Surrender of OTN............................................................................. 92

47.......... Cancellation of OTN........................................................................ 93

48.......... OTN is not transferable.................................................................... 93

49.......... OTN Register................................................................................... 93

50.......... Evidentiary provisions..................................................................... 94

50A....... Notification of change of name or address of OTN holder............... 94

Subdivision B—Methods of quotation of obligation transfer numbers            95

51.......... Quotation of OTN............................................................................ 95

51A....... One‑off quotation of OTN............................................................... 96

51B....... Standing quotation of OTN.............................................................. 97

51BA.... Withdrawal of quotation of OTN if OTN is cancelled or surrendered 98

51C....... Withdrawal of standing quotation of OTN by OTN holder............ 98

51D....... Withdrawal of quotation of OTN by agreement.............................. 98

51E........ Validation of quotation of OTN....................................................... 99

51F........ Effect of surrender or cancellation of OTN—grace period for standing quotation  99

51G....... Effect of surrender or cancellation of OTN—grace period for one‑off quotation   100

Subdivision C—Mandatory quotation of obligation transfer numbers          101

52.......... Mandatory quotation of OTN—large user of eligible upstream fuel 101

53.......... Mandatory quotation of OTN—re‑supplier of natural gas........... 102

54.......... Mandatory quotation of OTN—liquid petroleum gas marketer.... 103

55.......... Mandatory quotation of OTN—use of certain fuels as a feedstock 104

Subdivision D—Voluntary quotation of obligation transfer numbers           105

56.......... Voluntary quotation of OTN—large user of eligible upstream fuel 105

58.......... Voluntary quotation of OTN—use of fuel in manufacturing other products etc.   107

59.......... Voluntary quotation of OTN—transformation of fuel.................. 107

60.......... Voluntary quotation of OTN—export or re‑supply of eligible upstream fuel        108

63.......... Voluntary quotation of OTN—re‑supply of synthetic greenhouse gas  108

64.......... Voluntary quotation of OTN—export or re‑supply of synthetic greenhouse gas  108

64AA.... Voluntary quotation of OTN—use of synthetic greenhouse gas as a feedstock     109

Subdivision E—General provisions                                                                      109

64A....... Acknowledgement of one‑off quotation of OTN........................... 109

64B....... Acknowledgement of standing quotation of OTN......................... 110

65.......... Rejection of quotation of OTN—re‑supply of eligible upstream fuel 110

66.......... Rejection of voluntary quotation of OTN...................................... 112

66A....... Unauthorised mandatory quotation of OTN.................................. 112

67.......... Misuse of OTN.............................................................................. 113

68.......... Quotation of bogus OTN............................................................... 114

Division 6—Liability transfer certificates                                                      116

Subdivision A—Transfer of liability to another member of a controlling corporation’s group       116

69.......... Category A transfer test................................................................. 116

70.......... Application for liability transfer certificate.................................... 116

71.......... Further information........................................................................ 117

72.......... Issue of liability transfer certificate................................................ 117

Subdivision B—Transfer of liability to a person who has financial control of a facility    118

73.......... Category B transfer test................................................................. 118

74.......... Application for liability transfer certificate.................................... 119

75.......... Further information........................................................................ 120

76.......... Issue of liability transfer certificate................................................ 120

Subdivision C—Other provisions                                                                         122

77.......... Duration of liability transfer certificate.......................................... 122

78.......... Surrender of liability transfer certificate......................................... 123

79.......... Cancellation of liability transfer certificate..................................... 124

80.......... Liability transfer certificate is not transferable............................... 125

81.......... Financial control............................................................................. 125

Part 4—Emissions units                                                                                                   127

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        127

82.......... Simplified outline............................................................................ 127

Division 2—Australian emissions units                                                          129

Subdivision A—Issue of Australian emissions units                                       129

83.......... Issue of Australian emissions units................................................ 129

84.......... Identification number...................................................................... 129

85.......... Vintage year.................................................................................... 129

86.......... When Australian emissions units may be issued............................ 129

87.......... How Australian emissions units are to be issued........................... 130

88.......... Circumstances in which Australian emissions units may be issued 130

89.......... Issue of Australian emissions units for a fixed charge.................... 130

90.......... Payment of charges for the issue of Australian emissions units.... 134

91.......... Imposition of charges for the issue of Australian emissions units. 135

92.......... Issue of Australian emissions units—national scheme cap number 135

93.......... Australian emissions units—total number..................................... 135

Subdivision B—Property in, and transfer of, Australian emissions units   136

94.......... An Australian emissions unit is personal property....................... 136

95.......... Transfer of Australian emissions units........................................... 136

96.......... Transmission of Australian emissions units by assignment........... 137

97.......... Transmission of Australian emissions units by operation of law etc. 137

98.......... Transfer of Australian emissions units to another Registry account held by the transferor   139

98A....... Equitable interests in relation to an Australian emissions unit....... 140

Subdivision C—Auctions of Australian emissions units                                140

99.......... Issue of Australian emissions units as the result of an auction...... 140

100........ Secondary market auctions of relinquished Australian emissions units  140

101........ Secondary market auctions of free Australian emissions units...... 140

102........ Combined auctions of Australian emissions units.......................... 141

103........ Policies, procedures and rules for auctioning Australian emissions units                141

Subdivision D—Special provisions relating to free Australian emissions units                142

103A..... Cancellation of certain unused free Australian emissions units...... 142

103B..... Buy‑back of certain free Australian emissions units...................... 143

Division 3—Kyoto units                                                                                          145

104........ Entries for Kyoto units.................................................................. 145

105........ Issue of Australia’s assigned amount units.................................... 145

106........ Issue of removal units..................................................................... 145

107........ Transfer of Kyoto units................................................................. 146

108........ Domestic transfers of Kyoto units................................................. 147

109........ Outgoing international transfers of Kyoto units............................ 148

110........ Incoming international transfers of Kyoto units............................ 149

111........ Compliance by Australia with emissions trading eligibility requirements under the Kyoto rules          150

112........ Kyoto rules..................................................................................... 150

113........ Carry‑over restrictions................................................................... 151

114........ Commitment period reserve........................................................... 152

115........ Cancellation of temporary certified emission reductions or long‑term certified emission reductions     153

116........ Replacement of long‑term certified emission reductions................ 153

116A..... Restrictions on transfer of Kyoto units to a Commonwealth Registry account     155

116B..... A registered Kyoto unit is personal property for certain purposes 155

116C..... Transmission of registered Kyoto units by operation of law etc... 155

Division 4—Non‑Kyoto international emissions units                            158

117........ Entries for non‑Kyoto international emissions units..................... 158

118........ Transfer of non‑Kyoto international emissions units.................... 158

119........ Domestic transfers of non‑Kyoto international emissions units.... 159

120........ Outgoing international transfers of non‑Kyoto international emissions units         160

121........ Incoming international transfers of non‑Kyoto international emissions units         161

122........ Surrender restrictions...................................................................... 161

122A..... A registered non‑Kyoto international emissions unit is personal property for certain purposes           161

122B..... Transmission of registered non‑Kyoto international emissions units by operation of law etc.              162

123........ Regulations about non‑Kyoto international emissions units.......... 163

Part 5—Emissions number                                                                                             164

124........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 164

125........ Emissions number........................................................................... 164

126........ Assessment of emissions number—incorrect report given by liable entity            165

127........ Assessment of emissions number—no report given by liable entity 166

Part 6—Surrender of eligible emissions units                                                     168

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        168

128........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 168

Division 2—How eligible emissions units are surrendered                170

129........ How eligible emissions units are surrendered................................. 170

Division 3—Unit shortfalls                                                                                     174

130........ Unit shortfalls................................................................................. 174

131........ Assessment of unit shortfall........................................................... 175

Division 4—Obligation to surrender eligible emissions units            177

132........ Obligation to surrender eligible emissions units............................. 177

133........ Penalty for unit shortfall................................................................ 177

134........ When penalty becomes due and payable........................................ 178

135........ Late payment penalty.................................................................... 178

136........ Recovery of penalties..................................................................... 179

137........ Set‑off............................................................................................. 179

138........ Liability transfer certificate—statutory guarantee......................... 180

139........ Refund of overpayments................................................................ 180

141........ Benchmark average auction price.................................................... 181

142........ Make‑good number......................................................................... 182

143........ Excess surrender number................................................................ 183

Division 5—Extension of surrender deadline                                             186

143A..... Extension of surrender deadline...................................................... 186

Part 7—Australian National Registry of Emissions Units                           188

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        188

144........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 188

Division 2—Australian National Registry of Emissions Units            189

145........ Australian National Registry of Emissions Units.......................... 189

Division 3—Registry accounts                                                                            190

146........ Registry accounts........................................................................... 190

147........ Opening of Registry accounts—general......................................... 190

148........ Designation of Commonwealth Registry accounts......................... 192

149........ Opening of new Commonwealth Registry accounts...................... 192

150........ Units in a retirement, cancellation or replacement account............ 193

151........ Totals of Australian emissions units in a Registry account........... 193

152........ Voluntary closure of Registry accounts......................................... 194

Division 4—Change in name of account holder                                          195

153........ Application to have new name entered on the Registry................. 195

154........ Alteration in the Registry............................................................... 195

Division 5—Correction and rectification of Registry                              196

155........ Corrections of clerical errors or obvious defects............................ 196

157........ General power of correction of Registry—Kyoto units................ 196

158........ General power of correction of Registry—non‑Kyoto international emissions units             196

159........ Rectification of Registry................................................................. 197

Division 6—Miscellaneous                                                                                    199

160........ Making a false entry in the Registry.............................................. 199

161........ Falsified documents........................................................................ 199

162........ Evidentiary provisions................................................................... 199

163........ Use and disclosure of information obtained from the Registry...... 200

164........ Regulations about the Registry....................................................... 201

Part 8—Emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program            203

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        203

165........ Aim and objects.............................................................................. 203

166........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 204

Division 2—Formulation of the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program           205

167........ Emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program................. 205

168........ Relinquishment requirement........................................................... 205

169........ Reporting requirement.................................................................... 206

170........ Record‑keeping requirement........................................................... 206

171........ Other matters.................................................................................. 206

172........ Ancillary or incidental provisions.................................................. 207

Division 3—Compliance with reporting and record‑keeping requirements under the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program                                         208

173........ Compliance with reporting and record‑keeping requirements........ 208

Division 4—Special information‑gathering powers                                   210

173A..... Minister may obtain information................................................... 210

173B..... No assistance for 2 eligible financial years if corporation refuses or fails to comply with request for information........................................................................................................ 211

173C..... Disclosure of information to the Authority................................... 211

Part 9—Coal‑fired electricity generation                                                              212

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        212

174........ Object............................................................................................. 212

175........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 212

Division 2—Issue of free Australian emissions units in respect of generation assets  213

176........ Issue of free Australian emissions units in respect of generation assets 213

Division 3—Certificate of eligibility for coal‑fired generation assistance             217

177........ Application for certificate of eligibility for coal‑fired generation assistance           217

178........ Form of application........................................................................ 218

179........ Further information........................................................................ 218

180........ Issue of certificate of eligibility for coal‑fired generation assistance 219

181........ Criteria for issuing certificate of eligibility for coal‑fired generation assistance       220

182........ Annual assistance factor................................................................. 222

Division 4—Windfall gain                                                                                       225

183........ No assistance for 2014‑2015 or 2015‑2016 if a windfall gain declaration is in force etc.        225

184........ Revocation of Ministerial determination........................................ 225

185........ Submission about windfall gain...................................................... 227

186........ Windfall gain declaration................................................................. 228

187........ Windfall gain test............................................................................ 230

Division 5—Power system reliability                                                               235

188........ No assistance if generation asset does not pass the power system reliability test 235

189........ Power system reliability test.......................................................... 235

189A..... Anticipatory certification—reduction in nameplate rating............ 237

189B..... Anticipatory certification—cessation of registration as a generator 238

Part 10—Reforestation                                                                                                    240

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        240

190........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 240

Division 2—Issue of free Australian emissions units in respect of reforestation            242

191........ Issue of free Australian emissions units in respect of reforestation 242

Division 3—Certificate of reforestation                                                          243

192........ Application for certificate of reforestation..................................... 243

193........ Form of application........................................................................ 243

194........ Further information........................................................................ 243

195........ Issue of certificate of reforestation................................................. 244

196........ Unit entitlement.............................................................................. 246

197........ Certificate of reforestation is not transferable................................ 247

Division 4—Recognised reforestation entities                                           248

198........ Application for recognition as a reforestation entity..................... 248

199........ Form of application........................................................................ 248

200........ Further information........................................................................ 248

201........ Recognition as a reforestation entity.............................................. 249

202........ Cancellation of recognition............................................................. 251

203........ Surrender of recognition.................................................................. 252

204........ Recognition is not transferable....................................................... 253

Division 5—Eligible reforestation projects                                                  254

Subdivision A—Declaration of eligible reforestation project                         254

205........ Application for declaration of eligible reforestation project........... 254

206........ Form of application........................................................................ 254

207........ Further information........................................................................ 254

208........ Withdrawal of application.............................................................. 255

209........ Declaration of eligible reforestation project.................................... 255

Subdivision B—Voluntary variation of declaration of eligible reforestation project         258

210........ Application for variation of declaration of eligible reforestation project 258

211........ Withdrawal of application.............................................................. 259

212........ Variation of declaration of eligible reforestation project................. 260

Subdivision C—Unilateral variation of declaration of eligible reforestation project         262

213........ Variation of declaration of eligible reforestation project—partial cessation of reforestation activity     262

214........ Variation of declaration of eligible reforestation project—eligibility requirements not met    263

Subdivision D—Voluntary revocation of declaration of eligible reforestation project       265

215........ Voluntary revocation of declaration of eligible reforestation project—units issued                265

216........ Voluntary revocation of declaration of eligible reforestation project—no units issued           266

Subdivision E—Unilateral revocation of declaration of eligible reforestation project       267

217........ Unilateral revocation of declaration of eligible reforestation project—cessation of reforestation activity              267

218........ Unilateral revocation of declaration of eligible reforestation project—eligibility requirements not met 268

219........ Unilateral revocation of declaration of eligible reforestation project—ceasing to hold carbon sequestration right etc......................................................................................................... 269

Division 6—Reforestation unit limit                                                                 270

220........ Reforestation unit limit................................................................... 270

221........ Increase of reforestation unit limit.................................................. 271

222........ Decrease of reforestation unit limit................................................ 271

Division 7—Reforestation reporting periods                                              273

223........ First reforestation reporting period................................................ 273

224........ Subsequent reforestation reporting periods.................................... 274

Division 8—Reforestation reporting requirements                                 275

225........ Reforestation reports...................................................................... 275

Division 9—Forest maintenance obligation                                                  277

Subdivision A—Forest maintenance obligation                                                 277

226........ Forest maintenance obligation........................................................ 277

Subdivision B—Injunctions                                                                                   279

227........ Injunctions...................................................................................... 279

228........ Interim injunctions.......................................................................... 280

229........ Discharge etc. of injunctions........................................................... 280

230........ Certain limits on granting injunctions not to apply........................ 280

231........ Other powers of the Federal Court unaffected............................... 281

Division 10—Relinquishment of Australian emissions units              282

232........ Requirement to relinquish—unilateral revocation of declaration of eligible reforestation project           282

233........ Relinquishment requirement—decrease in reforestation unit limit for eligible reforestation project       283

234........ Relinquishment obligation transfer agreement................................ 284

Division 11—Miscellaneous notification requirements                         286

235........ Notification requirement—ceasing to hold carbon sequestration right 286

Division 12—Entries in title registers                                                            287

236........ Entries in title registers—general.................................................... 287

237........ Entries in title registers—land subject to forest maintenance obligation 287

Division 13—Register of Reforestation Projects                                      289

238........ Register of Reforestation Projects.................................................. 289

239........ Entries in the Register..................................................................... 289

Division 14—Carbon sequestration right and forestry right               291

240........ Carbon sequestration right.............................................................. 291

241........ Forestry right.................................................................................. 294

Division 15—Net total number of Australian emissions units issued in relation to an eligible reforestation project                                                                       297

242........ Net total number of Australian emissions units issued in relation to an eligible reforestation project    297

Part 11—Destruction of synthetic greenhouse gases                                    298

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        298

244........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 298

Division 2—Issue of free Australian emissions units in respect of the destruction of synthetic greenhouse gases                                                                             299

245........ Issue of free Australian emissions units in respect of the destruction of synthetic greenhouse gases    299

Division 3—Certificate of eligible synthetic greenhouse gas destruction           300

246........ Application for certificate of eligible synthetic greenhouse gas destruction            300

247........ Form of application........................................................................ 300

248........ Further information........................................................................ 301

249........ Issue of certificate of eligible synthetic greenhouse gas destruction 301

250........ Criteria for issuing certificate of eligible synthetic greenhouse gas destruction       302

251........ Unit entitlement.............................................................................. 304

252........ Certificate of eligible synthetic greenhouse gas destruction is not transferable       304

Division 4—Recognised synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customers       306

253........ Application for recognition as a synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customer   306

254........ Form of application........................................................................ 306

255........ Further information........................................................................ 306

256........ Recognition as a synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customer... 307

257........ Cancellation of recognition............................................................. 308

258........ Surrender of recognition.................................................................. 310

259........ Recognition is not transferable....................................................... 310

Part 12—Publication of information                                                                          311

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        311

260........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 311

Division 2—Information about liable entities                                              312

261........ Liable Entities Public Information Database.................................. 312

262........ Liable entities to be entered in the Information Database.............. 312

263........ Emissions number to be entered in the Information Database....... 313

264........ Unit shortfall to be entered in the Information Database............... 313

265........ Unpaid administrative penalty to be entered in the Information Database             315

266........ Number of surrendered eligible emissions units to be entered in the Information Database   316

267........ Number of voluntarily cancelled units to be entered in the Information Database  316

267A..... Relinquishment requirement to be entered in the Information Database 317

267B..... Unpaid administrative penalty to be entered in the Information Database             318

267C..... Number of relinquished units to be entered in the Information Database               319

268........ Correction and rectification of the Information Database.............. 319

Division 3—Information about holders of Registry accounts             320

269........ Information about holders of Registry accounts............................ 320

Division 4—Information about units                                                                 321

270........ Information about auction results—last auction............................ 321

271........ Information about auction results—last 6 months......................... 321

272........ Information about issue of Australian emissions units for a fixed charge                323

273........ Information about issue of free Australian emissions units........... 324

274........ Quarterly reports about issue of free Australian emissions units.. 325

275........ Information about surrender of borrowed and banked eligible emissions units       326

276........ Kyoto information.......................................................................... 326

277........ Information about total emissions numbers and unit shortfalls..... 327

278........ Publication of concise description of the characteristics of eligible emissions units               327

Division 5—Information about voluntary cancellation of units held by persons other than liable entities                                                                                                                    329

278A..... Information about number of voluntarily cancelled Australian emissions units      329

278B..... Information about number of voluntarily cancelled Kyoto units... 329

278C..... Information about number of voluntarily cancelled non‑Kyoto international emissions units               330

Division 6—Information about relinquishment requirements for persons other than liable entities    331

278D..... Information about relinquishment requirements............................. 331

278E...... Information about unpaid administrative penalties........................ 332

278F...... Information about number of relinquished units............................ 332

Division 7—Information about designated large landfill facilities    334

278G..... Publication of list of designated large landfill facilities................... 334

Part 13—Fraudulent conduct                                                                                        335

279........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 335

280........ Units issued as a result of fraudulent conduct—court may order relinquishment   335

Part 14—Voluntary cancellation of emissions units                                        338

281........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 338

282........ Voluntary cancellation of Australian emissions units.................... 338

283........ Voluntary cancellation of Kyoto units........................................... 339

284........ Voluntary cancellation of non‑Kyoto international emissions units 340

Part 15—Relinquishment of Australian emissions units                               342

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                        342

285........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 342

Division 2—How Australian emissions units are relinquished          343

286........ How Australian emissions units are relinquished........................... 343

Division 3—Compliance with relinquishment requirements               346

287........ Compliance with relinquishment requirements.............................. 346

288........ Late payment penalty.................................................................... 348

289........ Recovery of penalties..................................................................... 349

290........ Set‑off............................................................................................. 349

291........ Refund of overpayments................................................................ 349

Part 16—Notification of significant holding of Australian emissions units 351

292........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 351

293........ Notification of significant holding of Australian emissions units—controlling corporation of a group  351

294........ Notification of significant holding of Australian emissions units—non‑group entity             353

Part 17—Information‑gathering powers                                                                 356

295........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 356

296........ Authority may obtain information or documents.......................... 356

297........ Copying documents—compensation............................................. 357

298........ Copies of documents...................................................................... 357

299........ Authority may retain documents................................................... 358

300........ Self‑incrimination............................................................................ 358

Part 18—Record‑keeping requirements                                                                360

301........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 360

302........ Record‑keeping requirements—general.......................................... 360

303........ Record‑keeping requirements—quotation of OTN........................ 361

304........ Record‑keeping requirements—rejection of quotation of OTN..... 362

Part 19—Monitoring powers                                                                                        363

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              363

305........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 363

Division 2—Appointment of inspectors and issue of identity cards 364

306........ Appointment of inspectors............................................................ 364

307........ Identity cards.................................................................................. 364

Division 3—Powers of inspectors                                                                      366

Subdivision A—Monitoring powers                                                                     366

308........ Inspector may enter premises by consent or under a warrant....... 366

309........ Monitoring powers of inspectors................................................... 366

310........ Persons assisting inspectors........................................................... 369

Subdivision B—Powers of inspectors to ask questions and seek production of documents              369

311........ Inspector may ask questions and seek production of documents.. 369

312........ Self‑incrimination............................................................................ 370

Division 4—Obligations and incidental powers of inspectors             371

313........ Consent........................................................................................... 371

314........ Announcement before entry under warrant.................................... 371

315........ Inspector to be in possession of warrant....................................... 372

316........ Details of warrant etc. to be given to occupier............................... 372

317........ Expert assistance to operate electronic equipment......................... 372

318........ Compensation for damage to electronic equipment........................ 374

Division 5—Occupier’s rights and responsibilities                                  376

319........ Occupier entitled to observe execution of warrant......................... 376

320........ Occupier to provide inspector with facilities and assistance......... 376

Division 6—Monitoring warrants                                                                       377

321........ Monitoring warrants....................................................................... 377

Division 7—Powers of magistrates                                                                   379

322........ Powers of magistrates..................................................................... 379

Part 20—Liability of executive officers of bodies corporate                      380

323........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 380

324........ Civil penalties for executive officers of bodies corporate............... 380

325........ Reasonable steps to prevent contravention.................................... 381

Part 21—Civil penalty orders                                                                                       382

326........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 382

326A..... References to Court........................................................................ 382

327........ Civil penalty orders........................................................................ 382

328........ Who may apply for a civil penalty order....................................... 384

329........ 2 or more proceedings may be heard together................................ 384

330........ Time limit for application for an order........................................... 384

331........ Civil evidence and procedure rules for civil penalty orders............ 384

332........ Civil proceedings after criminal proceedings.................................. 384

333........ Criminal proceedings during civil proceedings................................ 384

334........ Criminal proceedings after civil proceedings.................................. 385

335........ Evidence given in proceedings for a civil penalty order not admissible in criminal proceedings             385

336........ Mistake of fact............................................................................... 385

337........ State of mind................................................................................... 386

338........ Continuing contraventions.............................................................. 387

Part 22—Offences relating to administrative penalties                                389

339........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 389

340........ Scheme to avoid existing liability to pay administrative penalty... 389

341........ Scheme to avoid future liability to pay administrative penalty..... 390

Part 23—Enforceable undertakings                                                                         393

342........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 393

343........ Acceptance of undertakings............................................................ 393

344........ Enforcement of undertakings.......................................................... 393

Part 24—Review of decisions                                                                                      395

345........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 395

346........ Reviewable decisions...................................................................... 395

347........ Applications for reconsideration of decisions made by delegates of the Authority                398

348........ Reconsideration by the Authority.................................................. 399

349........ Deadline for reconsideration........................................................... 399

350........ Review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal.......................... 399

351........ Stay of proceedings for the recovery of an administrative penalty 400

Part 25—Independent reviews                                                                                    402

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                              402

352........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 402

Division 2—Periodic reviews                                                                               403

353........ Periodic reviews to be conducted by an expert advisory committee 403

354........ Report of periodic review............................................................... 406

Division 3—Special reviews                                                                                  408

355........ Special reviews to be conducted by an expert advisory committee 408

356........ Report of special review................................................................. 408

Division 4—Expert advisory committees                                                      410

357........ Establishment of expert advisory committees................................ 410

358........ Functions of an expert advisory committee................................... 410

359........ Membership of an expert advisory committee............................... 410

360........ Appointment of expert advisory committee members................... 410

361........ Period for appointment for expert advisory committee members.. 411

362........ Acting expert advisory committee members.................................. 412

363........ Procedures...................................................................................... 413

364........ Disclosure of interests to the Minister........................................... 414

365........ Disclosure of interests to expert advisory committee.................... 414

366........ Outside employment...................................................................... 415

367........ Remuneration and allowances......................................................... 415

368........ Leave of absence............................................................................. 415

369........ Resignation..................................................................................... 415

370........ Termination of appointment.......................................................... 416

371........ Other terms and conditions............................................................ 417

372........ Assistance to expert advisory committee....................................... 417

373........ Consultants..................................................................................... 417

Part 26—Miscellaneous                                                                                                  418

374........ Miscellaneous functions of the Authority..................................... 418

374A..... Computerised decision‑making....................................................... 418

375........ Delegation by the Minister............................................................. 419

376........ Concurrent operation of State and Territory laws......................... 419

377........ Law relating to legal professional privilege not affected................. 419

378........ Arrangements with States and Territories...................................... 420

379........ Liability for damages...................................................................... 422

380........ Executive power of the Commonwealth......................................... 422

381........ Notional payments by the Commonwealth................................... 422

382........ Alternative constitutional basis...................................................... 423

383........ Compensation for acquisition of property..................................... 426

384........ Prescribing matters by reference to other instruments................... 427

385........ Administrative decisions under the regulations.............................. 427

386........ Transitional—definitions................................................................ 428

387........ Regulations..................................................................................... 428

 


A Bill for an Act to reduce pollution caused by emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, and for other purposes

The Parliament of Australia enacts:

Part 1Preliminary

  

1  Short title

                   This Act may be cited as the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme Act 2009.

2  Commencement

             (1)  Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Commencement information

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Provision(s)

Commencement

Date/Details

1.  Sections 1 and 2 and anything in this Act not elsewhere covered by this table

The day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent.

 

2.  Sections 3 to 387

The 28th day after the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent.

However, if:

(a) the Australian Climate Change Regulatory Authority Act 2009; and

(b) the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme (Charges—Customs) Act 2009; and

(c) the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme (Charges—Excise) Act 2009; and

(d) the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme (Charges—General) Act 2009; and

(e) the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme (Consequential Amendments) Act 2009;

do not receive the Royal Assent on or before the 28th day after the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent, the provision(s) do not commence at all.

 

Note:          This table relates only to the provisions of this Act as originally passed by both Houses of the Parliament and assented to. It will not be expanded to deal with provisions inserted in this Act after assent.

             (2)  Column 3 of the table contains additional information that is not part of this Act. Information in this column may be added to or edited in any published version of this Act.

3  Objects

             (1)  This section sets out the objects of this Act.

Climate Change Convention and Kyoto Protocol

             (2)  The first object of this Act is to give effect to Australia’s obligations under:

                     (a)  the Climate Change Convention; and

                     (b)  the Kyoto Protocol.

Global response to climate change

             (3)  The second object of this Act is to support the development of an effective global response to climate change.

National emissions reduction targets

             (4)  The third object of this Act is:

                     (a)  if Australia is a party to a comprehensive international agreement that is capable of stabilising atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases at around 450 parts per million of carbon dioxide equivalence or lower—to take action directed towards meeting Australia’s target of reducing net greenhouse gas emissions to 25% below 2000 levels by 2020; and

                     (b)  if paragraph (a) does not apply—to take action directed towards meeting Australia’s targets of:

                              (i)  reducing net greenhouse gas emissions to 60% below 2000 levels by 2050; and

                             (ii)  reducing net greenhouse gas emissions to between 5% and 15% below 2000 levels by 2020; and

                     (c)  to take the action mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) in a flexible and cost‑effective way.

             (5)  The targets mentioned in subsection (4) are to be calculated in accordance with:

                     (a)  the Kyoto rules; or

                     (b)  an international agreement (if any) that is the successor (whether immediate or otherwise) to the Kyoto Protocol.

4  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Act:

•      This Act sets up a scheme to reduce pollution caused by emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.

•      The scheme begins on 1 July 2011, and operates on a financial year basis.

•      The scheme is administered by the Australian Climate Change Regulatory Authority.

•      A person who is responsible for greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of a facility must surrender one eligible emissions unit for each tonne of carbon dioxide equivalence of the gas.

•      A person who imports, manufactures or supplies synthetic greenhouse gas must surrender one eligible emissions unit for each tonne of carbon dioxide equivalence of the gas.

•      A person who imports, produces or supplies eligible upstream fuel must surrender one eligible emissions unit for each tonne of carbon dioxide equivalence of the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the fuel.

•      Each of the following units are eligible emissions units:

               (a)     Australian emissions units issued under this Act;

               (b)     certain Kyoto units;

               (c)     certain non‑Kyoto international emissions units.

•      Most Australian emissions units will be issued as the result of an auction.

•      A national scheme cap limits the total number of auctioned Australian emissions units.

•      Some Australian emissions units may be issued free of charge or for a fixed charge.

•      Australian emissions units are generally transferable.

5  Definitions

                   In this Act:

ABN has the same meaning as in the A New Tax System (Australian Business Number) Act 1999.

account number, in relation to a Registry account, has the meaning given by subsection 146(3).

acknowledge the quotation of an OTN has the meaning given by section 64A or 64B.

acquire, in relation to an Australian emissions unit, includes acquire by way of the issue of the unit.

alter the Registry, includes:

                     (a)  make an entry in the Registry; and

                     (b)  remove an entry from the Registry.

applicable identification procedure has the meaning ascertained in accordance with the regulations.

application to own use, in relation to eligible upstream fuel, includes making the fuel available to another person, where making the fuel available is not a supply of the fuel.

appropriate energy market operator, in relation to a generation asset, means:

                     (a)  if Australian Energy Market Operator Limited (ACN 072 010 327) performs the functions of the energy market operator in the place where the generation asset is located—Australian Energy Market Operator Limited; and

                     (b)  if the Independent Market Operator established under the Electricity Industry (Independent Market Operator) Regulations 2004 of Western Australia performs the functions of the energy market operator in the place where the generation asset is located—the Independent Market Operator.

approved synthetic greenhouse gas destruction facility has the same meaning as in the Ozone Protection and Synthetic Greenhouse Gas Management Regulations 1995.

assigned amount unit means an assigned amount unit issued in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Kyoto rules. It is immaterial whether the unit was issued in or out of Australia.

associated provisions means the following provisions:

                     (a)  the provisions of the regulations;

                     (b)  sections 15A, 15B, 15C, 18A, 22A, 22B, 22C, 22CA, 22D, 22DA, 22E and 22F of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007;

                     (c)  the remaining provisions of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007, in so far as those provisions relate to:

                              (i)  this Act; or

                             (ii)  the regulations; or

                            (iii)  the provisions covered by paragraph (b);

                     (d)  sections 134.1, 134.2, 135.1, 135.2, 135.4, 136.1, 137.1 and 137.2 of the Criminal Code, in so far as those sections relate to:

                              (i)  this Act; or

                             (ii)  the regulations; or

                            (iii)  the provisions of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007 covered by paragraph (b) or (c).

Note:          The provisions covered by paragraph (b) commence on 1 July 2011.

auction, when used in relation to an Australian emissions unit, includes a process that involves inviting persons to declare what they would be willing to pay by way of a charge for the acquisition of the unit.

Australia, when used in a geographical sense, includes:

                     (a)  the external Territories; and

                     (b)  for the purposes of:

                              (i)  Part 8 (emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program); and

                             (ii)  paragraph 353(1)(h) (review of the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program);

                            the exclusive economic zone, the continental shelf and the Joint Petroleum Development Area.

Australian emissions unit means a unit issued under section 83.

Authority means the Australian Climate Change Regulatory Authority.

benchmark average auction price has the meaning given by section 141.

black coal has the same meaning as in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Regulations 2008.

brown coal has the same meaning as in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Regulations 2008.

business day means a day that is not:

                     (a)  a Saturday; or

                     (b)  a Sunday; or

                     (c)  a public holiday in the place concerned.

cancellation account means a Commonwealth Registry account designated as a cancellation account.

carbon dioxide equivalence:

                     (a)  of an amount of greenhouse gas—has the same meaning as in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007; or

                     (b)  of an amount of potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in an amount of an eligible upstream fuel—has the same meaning as in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007.

Note:          See also section 386 (transitional).

carbon pollution reduction scheme means the scheme embodied in this Act and the associated provisions.

carbon sequestration right has the meaning given by section 240.

category A transfer test has the meaning given by section 69.

category B transfer test has the meaning given by section 73.

certificate of eligibility for coal‑fired generation assistance means a certificate issued under section 180.

certificate of eligible synthetic greenhouse gas destruction means a certificate issued under section 249.

certificate of reforestation means a certificate issued under section 195.

certified emission reduction means a certified emission reduction issued outside Australia in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Kyoto rules.

civil penalty order means an order under subsection 327(1).

civil penalty provision means a provision declared by this Act to be a civil penalty provision.

clean development mechanism project means a project that is treated as a clean development mechanism project for the purposes of the relevant provisions of the Kyoto rules.

Climate Change Convention means the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change done at New York on 9 May 1992, as amended and in force for Australia from time to time.

Note:          The text of the Convention is set out in Australian Treaty Series 1994 No. 2 ([1994] ATS 2). In 2009, the text of a Convention in the Australian Treaty Series was accessible through the Australian Treaties Library on the AustLII website (www.austlii.edu.au).

coal‑based char has the same meaning as in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Regulations 2008.

coke oven coke has the same meaning as in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Regulations 2008.

commitment period means a period that is treated as a commitment period for the purposes of the Kyoto rules.

Note:          The first commitment period begins on 1 January 2008 and ends on 31 December 2012.

commitment period reserve has the meaning given by the regulations.

Commonwealth holding account means a Commonwealth Registry account designated as a Commonwealth holding account.

Commonwealth place has the same meaning as in the Commonwealth Places (Application of Laws) Act 1970.

Commonwealth Registry account means a Registry account kept in the name of the Commonwealth.

Commonwealth relinquished units account means the Commonwealth Registry account designated as the Commonwealth relinquished units account.

compressed natural gas has the same meaning as in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Regulations 2008.

constitutional corporation means a corporation to which paragraph 51(xx) of the constitution applies.

continental shelf has the same meaning as in the Seas and Submerged Lands Act 1973.

controlling corporation has the same meaning as in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007.

Note:          See also section 386 (transitional).

Crown land means land that is the property of:

                     (a)  the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory; or

                     (b)  a statutory authority of:

                              (i)  the Commonwealth; or

                             (ii)  a State; or

                            (iii)  a Territory.

For this purpose, it is immaterial whether the land is:

                     (c)  subject to a lease or licence; or

                     (d)  covered by a reservation, proclamation, dedication, condition, permission or authority, made or conferred by the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory; or

                     (e)  covered by the making, amendment or repeal of legislation of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory under which the whole or a part of the land is to be used for a public purpose or public purposes.

decision of the Meeting of the Kyoto Parties means a decision of the Meeting of the Kyoto Parties as existing from time to time. It is immaterial whether the decision was made before, at or after the commencement of this section.

designated, in relation to a Commonwealth Registry account, means designated under section 148.

designated large landfill facility: a landfill facility is a designated large landfill facility in relation to an eligible financial year if the number of tonnes of the carbon dioxide equivalence of the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of the landfill facility during the eligible financial year is 25,000 or more. For this purpose, assume that the financial year beginning on 1 July 2010 is an eligible financial year.

director includes a constituent member of a body corporate incorporated for a public purpose by a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory.

electronic communication means a communication by means of guided and/or unguided electromagnetic energy.

electronic notice transmitted to the Authority has the meaning given by section 8.

eligible emissions unit means:

                     (a)  an Australian emissions unit; or

                     (b)  an eligible international emissions unit.

eligible financial year means:

                     (a)  the financial year beginning on 1 July 2011; or

                     (b)  a later financial year.

eligible international emissions unit means:

                     (a)  a certified emission reduction (other than a temporary certified emission reduction or a long‑term certified emission reduction); or

                     (b)  an emission reduction unit; or

                     (c)  a removal unit; or

                     (d)  a prescribed unit issued in accordance with the Kyoto rules; or

                     (e)  a non‑Kyoto international emissions unit.

It is immaterial whether a unit covered by paragraph (d) was issued in or outside Australia.

eligible reforestation project has the meaning given by section 209.

eligible upstream fuel means any of the following:

                     (a)  liquid petroleum fuel;

                     (b)  liquid petroleum gas;

                     (c)  black coal;

                     (d)  brown coal;

                     (e)  coking coal;

                      (f)  brown coal briquettes;

                     (g)  coke oven coke;

                     (h)  coal‑based char;

                      (i)  natural gas that is distributed or transmitted in a pipeline;

                      (j)  coal seam methane that is captured for combustion;

                     (k)  coal mine waste gas that is captured for combustion;

                      (l)  ethane;

                    (m)  town gas;

                     (n)  liquefied natural gas;

                     (o)  compressed natural gas;

                     (p)  syngas;

                    (pa)  refinery grade propene (propylene);

                     (q)  a fuel specified in the regulations.

For the purposes of this Act, if black coal is treated at a coal washery, the black coal retains its identity as a type of eligible upstream fuel.

eligible waste has the meaning given by the regulations.

emission of greenhouse gas from the operation of a facility has the meaning given by section 24.

emission reduction unit means an emission reduction unit issued in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Kyoto rules. It is immaterial whether the unit was issued in or outside of Australia.

emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program means the program under subsection 167(1).

emissions number has the meaning given by section 125.

emissions number publication time of a person for an eligible financial year, means the time when the person’s emissions number for the eligible financial year is entered on the Information Database in accordance with subsection 263(2).

engage in conduct means:

                     (a)  do an act; or

                     (b)  omit to perform an act.

evidential burden, in relation to a matter, means the burden of adducing or pointing to evidence that suggests a reasonable possibility that the matter exists or does not exist.

excess surrender number has the meaning given by section 143.

excise duty has the same meaning as in the Excise Act 1901.

exclusive economic zone has the same meaning as in the Seas and Submerged Lands Act 1973.

executive officer of a body corporate means:

                     (a)  a director of the body corporate; or

                     (b)  the chief executive officer (however described) of the body corporate; or

                     (c)  the chief financial officer (however described) of the body corporate; or

                     (d)  the secretary of the body corporate.

exempt hydrocarbon solvent means:

                     (a)  excisable goods (within the meaning of the Excise Act 1901) classified to subitem 10.25, 10.26, 10.27 or 10.28 of the Schedule to the Excise Tariff Act 1921; or

                     (b)  imported goods (within the meaning of the Excise Act 1901) that would be classified to subitem 10.25, 10.26, 10.27 or 10.28 of that Schedule if they were manufactured in Australia;

that are:

                     (c)  hydrocarbon solvents; and

                     (d)  not combusted.

expert advisory committee means a committee established under section 357.

expert advisory committee member means a member of an expert advisory committee, and includes the Chair of an expert advisory committee.

export, in relation to goods or a substance, means:

                     (a)  do an act that constitutes exportation of the goods or substance from Australia within the meaning of section 112 of the Customs Act 1901; or

                     (b)  do an act that would constitute such exportation if the external Territories were part of Australia for the purposes of that Act.

externally‑administered body corporate has the same meaning as in the Corporations Act 2001.

facility has the same meaning as in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007.

Note:          See also section 386 (transitional).

Federal Court means the Federal Court of Australia.

feedstock means a substance that is consumed (otherwise than by way of combustion) in a chemical process to produce another product.

financial control has the meaning given by section 81.

foreign account:

                     (a)  when used in relation to a Kyoto unit—means an account kept within a foreign Kyoto registry; or

                     (b)  when used in relation to a non‑Kyoto international emissions unit—means an account kept under a law of a foreign country corresponding to this Act.

foreign country includes a region where:

                     (a)  the region is a colony, territory or protectorate of a foreign country; or

                     (b)  the region is part of a foreign country; or

                     (c)  the region is under the protection of a foreign country; or

                     (d)  a foreign country exercises jurisdiction or control over the region; or

                     (e)  a foreign country is responsible for the region’s international relations.

foreign Kyoto registry means:

                     (a)  a registry of a Kyoto party (other than Australia) that is the Kyoto party’s national registry for Kyoto units; or

                     (b)  the CDM registry established in accordance with paragraph 1 of Appendix D to the Annex to Decision 3/CMP.1 of the Meeting of the Kyoto Parties.

foreign person has the same meaning as in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007.

forestry right has the meaning given by section 241.

forest stand means a stand of forest, where:

                     (a)  under the regulations, the stand is taken to have been established by means of direct, human‑induced methods; and

                     (b)  the stand occupies an area of land of 0.2 hectares or more; and

                     (c)  the stand consists of trees that:

                              (i)  have attained, or have the potential to attain, a crown cover of at least 20% of the area occupied by the stand; and

                             (ii)  have reached, or have the potential to reach, a height of at least 2 metres; and

                     (d)  on 31 December 1989, the area occupied by the stand was clear of trees that:

                              (i)  had attained, or had the potential to attain, a crown cover of at least 20% of the area occupied by the stand; and

                             (ii)  had reached, or had the potential to reach, a height of at least 2 metres; and

                     (e)  the stand meets such other requirements (if any) as are specified in the regulations.

free Australian emissions unit means an Australian emissions unit issued free of charge.

fuel oil has the same meaning as in the Excise Tariff Act 1921.

general law land means land other than:

                     (a)  Torrens system land; or

                     (b)  Crown land.

generation asset means:

                     (a)  a generation complex; or

                     (b)  a generation complex project.

generation complex means:

                     (a)  a generation unit; or

                     (b)  a set of 2 or more generation units at the same location.

generation complex project means a project to construct and commission a new generation complex. For this purpose, it is immaterial whether the project has been completed.

generation unit means a generator of electricity, and includes:

                     (a)  the boiler (if any); and

                     (b)  any other related equipment essential to the generator’s functioning as a generator.

Greater Sunrise unit area has the same meaning as in the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006.

greenhouse gas has the same meaning as in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007.

Note:          See also section 386 (transitional).

group has the same meaning as in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007.

Note:          See also section 386 (transitional).

hold an eligible emissions unit: a person holds an eligible emissions unit if the person is the registered holder of the unit.

identification number, in relation to an Australian emissions unit, has the meaning given by section 84.

import, in relation to goods or a substance, means:

                     (a)  do an act that constitutes importation of the goods or substance into Australia within the meaning of section 50 of the Customs Act 1901; or

                     (b)  do an act that would constitute such importation if the external Territories were part of Australia for the purposes of that Act.

import duty has the same meaning as in the Customs Act 1901.

Information Database means the Liable Entities Public Information Database kept under section 261.

insolvent under administration has the same meaning as in the Corporations Act 2001.

inspector means a person appointed as an inspector under section 306.

international agreement means an agreement whose parties are:

                     (a)  Australia and a foreign country; or

                     (b)  Australia and 2 or more foreign countries.

international transaction log means an electronic data system administered by the Secretariat of the Climate Change Convention for the purpose of monitoring and tracking transactions in Kyoto units.

issue, in relation to an Australian emissions unit, means issue under section 83.

Joint Petroleum Development Area has the same meaning as in the Petroleum (Timor Sea Treaty) Act 2003.

joint venture means an unincorporated enterprise carried on by 2 or more persons in common otherwise than in partnership.

Kyoto Party means a Party to the Kyoto Protocol.

Kyoto Protocol means the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change done at Kyoto on 11 December 1997, as amended and in force for Australia from time to time.

Note:          The text of the Kyoto Protocol is set out in Australian Treaty Series 2008 No. 2 ([2008] ATS 2). In 2009, the text of an international agreement in the Australian Treaty Series was accessible through the Australian Treaties Library on the AustLII website (www.austlii.edu.au).

Kyoto rules means:

                     (a)  the Kyoto Protocol; or

                     (b)  a decision of the Meeting of the Kyoto Parties; or

                     (c)  if a standard or other instrument, as existing from time to time, is adopted by the Meeting of the Kyoto Parties for a purpose relating to:

                              (i)  the Kyoto Protocol; or

                             (ii)  a decision of the Meeting of the Kyoto Parties;

                            the standard or instrument as existing from time to time; or

                     (d)  if a standard or other instrument, as existing at a particular time, is adopted by the Meeting of the Kyoto Parties for a purpose relating to:

                              (i)  the Kyoto Protocol; or

                             (ii)  a decision of the Meeting of the Kyoto Parties;

                            the standard or instrument as existing at that time; or

                     (e)  a prescribed instrument that relates to:

                              (i)  the Kyoto Protocol; or

                             (ii)  a decision of the Meeting of the Kyoto Parties.

It is immaterial whether a standard or instrument covered by paragraph (c), (d) or (e) was made before, at or after the commencement of this section. Regulations made for the purposes of paragraph (e) may prescribe an instrument:

                      (f)  as existing at a particular time; or

                     (g)  as existing from time to time.

Kyoto unit means:

                     (a)  an assigned amount unit; or

                     (b)  a certified emission reduction; or

                     (c)  an emission reduction unit; or

                     (d)  a removal unit; or

                     (e)  a prescribed unit issued in accordance with the Kyoto rules.

It is immaterial whether a unit covered by paragraph (e) was issued in or outside Australia.

landfill facility means a facility for the disposal of solid waste as landfill, and includes a facility that is closed for the acceptance of waste.

liability transfer certificate means a certificate issued under section 72 or 76.

liable entity means a person who, under a provision of this Act, is a liable entity.

liquid petroleum fuel means:

                     (a)  excisable goods (within the meaning of the Excise Act 1901) classified to item 10 of the Schedule to the Excise Tariff Act 1921; or

                     (b)  imported goods (within the meaning of the Excise Act 1901) that would be classified to item 10 of that Schedule if they were manufactured in Australia;

that do not include an exempt hydrocarbon solvent.

liquid petroleum gas has the same meaning as in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Regulations 2008.

liquid petroleum gas marketer means a person who is supplied liquid petroleum gas from:

                     (a)  a liquid petroleum gas separation plant bulk storage; or

                     (b)  an import terminal bulk storage; or

                     (c)  a petroleum refinery bulk storage;

for the purpose of re‑supply.

local governing body means a local governing body established by or under a law of a State or Territory.

long‑term certified emission reduction means a certified emission reduction that is treated as a long‑term certified emission reduction for the purposes of the relevant provisions of the Kyoto rules.

lower bound of the national scheme gateway has the meaning given by section 15.

make‑good number has the meaning given by section 142.

management of a forest stand includes the harvesting and re‑establishment of the forest stand.

mandatory cancellation account means a Commonwealth Registry account designated as the mandatory cancellation account for a particular commitment period.

Meeting of the Kyoto Parties means the Meeting of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol.

member, in relation to a group, has the same meaning as in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007.

Note:          See also section 386 (transitional).

Minister, in relation to Norfolk Island, means an executive member within the meaning of the Norfolk Island Act 1979.

monitoring powers has the meaning given by section 309.

monitoring warrant means a warrant issued under section 321.

nameplate rating of a generation asset means:

                     (a)  in the case of a generation complex—the maximum continuous electrical generation capacity in megawatts of the generation complex, as registered with the appropriate energy market operator; or

                     (b)  in the case of a generation complex project—the proposed maximum continuous electrical generation capacity in megawatts of the proposed generation complex, as registered, or proposed to be registered, with the appropriate energy market operator.

national scheme cap has the meaning given by section 14.

national scheme cap number has the meaning given by section 14.

net source cancellation account means a Commonwealth Registry account designated as the net source cancellation account for a particular commitment period.

net total number of Australian emissions units issued in relation to an eligible reforestation project in accordance with Part 10 has the meaning given by section 242.

non‑compliance cancellation account means a Commonwealth Registry account designated as the non‑compliance cancellation account for a particular commitment period.

Note:          See also section 386 (transitional).

non‑group entity has the same meaning as in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007.

Note:          See also section 386 (transitional).

non‑Kyoto international emissions unit means:

                     (a)  a prescribed unit issued in accordance with an international agreement (other than the Kyoto Protocol); or

                     (b)  a prescribed unit issued outside Australia under a law of a foreign country.

It is immaterial whether a unit covered by paragraph (a) was issued in or outside Australia.

obligation transfer number or OTN means an OTN issued under section 44 or 45.

officer has the same meaning as in the Corporations Act 2001.

official of the Authority has the same meaning as in the Australian Climate Change Regulatory Authority Act 2009.

one‑off quotation of an OTN has the meaning given by section 51A.

open, in relation to a Registry account, means open under section 146.

operation, in relation to a facility, has the same meaning as in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007.

Note:          See also section 386 (transitional).

operational control has the same meaning as in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007.

Note:          See also section 386 (transitional).

OTN: see obligation transfer number.

OTN Register means the register kept under section 49.

participant, in relation to a joint venture, means any of the persons who carry on the joint venture.

penalty unit has the meaning given by section 4AA of the Crimes Act 1914.

person means any of the following:

                     (a)  an individual;

                     (b)  a body corporate;

                     (c)  a trust;

                     (d)  a corporation sole;

                     (e)  a body politic;

                      (f)  a local governing body.

person assisting an inspector has the meaning given by section 310.

potential greenhouse gas emissions has the same meaning as in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007.

Note:          See also section 386 (transitional).

power system reliability test has the meaning given by section 189.

premises includes the following:

                     (a)  a structure, building, vehicle, vessel or aircraft;

                     (b)  a place (whether or not enclosed or built on);

                     (c)  a part of a thing referred to in paragraph (a) or (b).

prescribed wholesale gas market has the meaning given by the regulations.

principal State Minister, in relation to a State, means:

                     (a)  the Premier of the State; or

                     (b)  if another Minister of the State is nominated in a written notice given to the Minister administering this Act by the Premier for the purposes of this definition—that other Minister of the State.

principal Territory Minister, in relation to a Territory, means:

                     (a)  the Chief Minister of the Territory; or

                     (b)  if another Minister of the Territory is nominated in a written notice given to the Minister administering this Act by the Chief Minister for the purposes of this definition—that other Minister of the Territory.

project area, in relation to a reforestation project, means:

                     (a)  if the project relates to a single forest stand—the area of land occupied, or to be occupied, by the forest stand; or

                     (b)  if the project relates to 2 or more forest stands—an area of land occupied, or to be occupied, by any of those forest stands.

proposed generation complex, in relation to a generation complex project, means the generation complex that is proposed to result from the project. For this purpose, it is immaterial whether the generation complex has been constructed or commissioned.

provisional emissions number:

                     (a)  has the meaning given by Part 3; and

                     (b)  has a meaning affected by sections 11B and 11C of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007.

quarter means a period of 3 months beginning on 1 January, 1 April, 1 July or 1 October.

quote, in relation to an OTN, has the meaning given by section 51.

recognised:

                     (a)  recognised as a reforestation entity means recognised under section 201; and

                     (b)  recognised as a synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customer means recognised under section 256.

recognised reforestation entity means a person recognised as a reforestation entity.

recognised synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customer means a company recognised as a synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customer.

recognised transformation: each of the following is a recognised transformation of an eligible upstream fuel to another type of eligible upstream fuel:

                     (a)  the transformation of brown coal to brown coal briquettes;

                     (b)  the transformation of brown coal briquettes to coal‑based char;

                     (c)  the transformation of coking coal to coke oven coke;

                     (d)  the transformation of natural gas to liquefied natural gas;

                     (e)  the transformation of natural gas to compressed natural gas;

                      (f)  the transformation of liquefied natural gas to natural gas;

                     (g)  the transformation of compressed natural gas to natural gas;

                     (h)  the transformation of a type of eligible upstream fuel specified in the regulations to a type of eligible upstream fuel specified in the regulations.

refinery grade propene (propylene) has the same meaning as in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Regulations 2008.

reforestation project means:

                     (a)  a project for the establishment, management and maintenance of one or more forest stands; or

                     (b)  a project for the management and maintenance of one or more existing forest stands.

For this purpose, it is immaterial whether the project has been carried out.

reforestation report means a report under section 225.

reforestation reporting period has the meaning given by section 223 or 224.

reforestation unit limit, in relation to an eligible reforestation project, has the meaning given by section 220, 221 or 222.

registered holder, in relation to:

                     (a)  an Australian emissions unit; or

                     (b)  a Kyoto unit; or

                     (c)  a non‑Kyoto international emissions unit;

means the person in whose Registry account there is an entry for the unit.

Register of Reforestation Projects means the register kept under section 238.

Registry means the Australian National Registry of Emissions Units continued in existence under section 145.

Registry account means an account kept in accordance with section 146.

relinquish, in relation to an Australian emissions unit, means relinquish under section 286.

relinquishment obligation transfer agreement has the meaning given by section 234.

removal unit means a removal unit issued in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Kyoto rules. It is immaterial whether the unit was issued in or out of Australia.

retirement account for a commitment period means a Commonwealth Registry account designated as the retirement account for a particular commitment period.

reviewable decision has the meaning given by section 346.

scheme, when used in section 23 or 30 or Part 22, means:

                     (a)  any agreement, arrangement, understanding, promise or undertaking, whether express or implied and whether or not enforceable, or intended to be enforceable, by legal proceedings; or

                     (b)  any scheme, plan, proposal, action, course of action or course of conduct, whether there are 2 or more parties or only one party involved.

scope 1 emission of greenhouse gas has the meaning given by the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007.

Note:          See also section 386 (transitional).

Secretary means the Secretary of the Department.

staff of the Authority has the same meaning as in the Australian Climate Change Regulatory Authority Act 2009.

standing quotation of an OTN has the meaning given by section 51B.

statutory authority of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory, means an authority or body (including a corporation sole) established by or under a law of the Commonwealth, the State or Territory other than a general law allowing incorporation as a company or body corporate.

supply means supply (including re‑supply) by way of sale, exchange or gift.

Note 1:       See also section 5A (extended meaning of supply).

Note 2:       See also section 6 (timing of supply).

surrender, in relation to an eligible emissions unit, means surrender under section 129.

syngas has the same meaning as in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Regulations 2008.

synthetic greenhouse gas has the same meaning as in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007.

Note:          See also section 386 (transitional).

synthetic greenhouse gas destruction event means an event that consists of the destruction of a particular quantity of a particular kind of synthetic greenhouse gas.

temporary certified emission reduction means a certified emission reduction that is treated as a temporary certified emission reduction for the purposes of the relevant provisions of the Kyoto rules.

territorial sea has the same meaning as in the Seas and Submerged Lands Act 1973.

Torrens system land: land is Torrens system land if the title to the land is registered under a Torrens system of registration.

transfer:

                     (a)  in relation to an Australian emissions unit—has the meaning given by section 95; or

                     (b)  in relation to a Kyoto unit—has the meaning given by section 107; or

                     (c)  in relation to a non‑Kyoto international emissions unit—has the meaning given by section 118.

transferee, in relation to a relinquishment obligation transfer agreement, has the meaning given by section 234.

trust means a person in the capacity of trustee or, as the case requires, a trust estate.

trustee has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

trust estate has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

type:

                     (a)  type of eligible upstream fuel:

                              (i)  each substance classified to item 10 of the Schedule to the Excise Tariff Act 1921 (or that would be classified to that item if it was manufactured in Australia) is a type of eligible upstream fuel; and

                             (ii)  a substance covered by a particular paragraph of the definition of eligible upstream fuel (other than paragraph (a) of the definition) is a type of eligible upstream fuel; and

                     (b)  type of synthetic greenhouse gas:

                              (i)  a substance covered by paragraph 7B(1)(a) of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007 is a type of synthetic greenhouse gas; and

                             (ii)  a substance covered by a particular item of table 1 or table 2 in section 7B of that Act is a type of synthetic greenhouse gas.

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea means the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea done at Montego Bay on 10 December 1982.

Note:          The text of the Convention is set out in Australian Treaty Series 1994 No. 31 ([1994] ATS 31). In 2009, the text of a Convention in the Australian Treaty Series was accessible through the Australian Treaties Library on the AustLII website (www.austlii.edu.au).

unit shortfall has the meaning given by section 130.

upper bound of the national scheme gateway has the meaning given by section 15.

vacancy, in relation to the office of an expert advisory committee member, has a meaning affected by section 7.

vintage year, in relation to an Australian emissions unit, has the meaning given by subsection 85(2).

voluntary cancellation account means a Commonwealth Registry account designated as the voluntary cancellation account for a particular commitment period.

windfall gain declaration means a declaration under section 186.

windfall gain test has the meaning given by section 187.

5A  Extended meaning of supply

                   For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  a person (the supplier) makes eligible upstream fuel available to another person (the recipient) for combustion at a facility; and

                     (b)  apart from this section, making the fuel available is not a supply;

then:

                     (c)  the supplier is taken to supply the fuel to the recipient; and

                     (d)  the supply occurs when the fuel is combusted.

6  When supply occurs

Natural gas distributed or transmitted in a pipeline

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, if natural gas is distributed or transmitted in a pipeline, the supply of the natural gas occurs:

                     (a)  if the regulations provide that the supply occurs when the gas passes a point ascertained in accordance with the regulations—when the gas passes that point; or

                     (b)  otherwise:

                              (i)  if the supply involves physical delivery—when the gas is physically delivered; or

                             (ii)  if the supply does not involve physical delivery—when property in the gas is transferred.

Other substances

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act:

                     (a)  if the supply of a substance (other than natural gas distributed or transmitted in a pipeline) involves a physical delivery—the supply of the substance occurs when the substance is physically delivered; or

                     (b)  if the supply of a substance (other than natural gas distributed or transmitted in a pipeline) does not involve a physical delivery—the supply of the substance occurs when property in the substance is transferred.

Exception

             (3)  This section does not apply to a supply covered by section 5A.

7  Vacancy in the office of an expert advisory committee member

                   For the purposes of a reference in:

                     (a)  this Act to a vacancy in the office of an expert advisory committee member; or

                     (b)  the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 to a vacancy in the membership of a body;

for each expert advisory committee, there are taken to be 4 offices of expert advisory committee members in addition to the Chair of the expert advisory committee.

8  Electronic notice transmitted to the Authority

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a notice is an electronic notice transmitted to the Authority if, and only if:

                     (a)  the notice is transmitted to the Authority by means of an electronic communication; and

                     (b)  if the Authority requires that the notice be transmitted, in accordance with particular information technology requirements, by means of a particular kind of electronic communication—the Authority’s requirement has been met; and

                     (c)  the notice complies with regulations made for the purposes of subsection (2).

             (2)  The regulations may make provision for or in relation to the security and authenticity of notices transmitted to the Authority by means of an electronic communication.

             (3)  Regulations made for the purposes of subsection (2) may deal with:

                     (a)  encryption; and

                     (b)  authentication of identity.

             (4)  Subsection (3) does not limit subsection (2).

             (5)  For the purposes of this Act, if a notice is transmitted to the Authority by means of an electronic communication, the notice is taken to have been transmitted on the day on which the electronic communication is dispatched.

             (6)  Subsection (5) of this section has effect despite subsections 14(3) and (4) of the Electronic Transactions Act 1999.

             (7)  This section does not, by implication, limit the regulations that may be made under the Electronic Transactions Act 1999.

9  Crown to be bound

             (1)  This Act binds the Crown in each of its capacities.

             (2)  This Act does not make the Crown liable to a pecuniary penalty or to be prosecuted for an offence.

             (3)  The protection in subsection (2) does not apply to an authority of the Crown.

             (4)  The protection in subsection (2) does not apply to a penalty under section 133, 135, 287 or 288.

10  Extension to external Territories

                   This Act extends to every external Territory.

11  Extension to exclusive economic zone and continental shelf

                   This Act extends to a matter relating to the exercise of Australia’s sovereign rights in the exclusive economic zone or the continental shelf.

11A  Extension to Joint Petroleum Development Area

                   This Act extends to the Joint Petroleum Development Area.

Note:          See also sections 22A and 22B (adjustment of provisional emissions number).

12  Application to foreign ships

                   This Act does not apply to the extent that its application would be inconsistent with the exercise of rights of foreign ships in:

                     (a)  the territorial sea; or

                     (b)  the exclusive economic zone; or

                     (c)  waters of the continental shelf;

in accordance with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.


 

Part 2National scheme cap and national scheme gateway

  

13  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      The regulations may declare that a quantity of greenhouse gas that has a carbon dioxide equivalence of a specified number of tonnes is the national scheme cap for a financial year.

•      For the financial year beginning on 1 July 2015 or a later financial year, the national scheme cap must fall within the upper and lower bound of the national scheme gateway (if any) declared by the regulations for the financial year.

Note:          The national scheme cap limits:

(a)    the total number of auctioned Australian emissions units; and

(b)    the total number of free Australian emissions units issued in accordance with the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program; and

(c)    the total number of free Australian emissions units issued in accordance with Part 9 (coal‑fired electricity generation).

14  National scheme cap

National scheme cap

             (1)  The regulations may declare that:

                     (a)  a quantity of greenhouse gas that has a carbon dioxide equivalence of a specified number of tonnes is the national scheme cap for a specified eligible financial year (other than the eligible financial year starting on 1 July 2011); and

                     (b)  that number is the national scheme cap number for that eligible financial year.

             (2)  The Minister must take all reasonable steps to ensure that:

                     (a)  regulations declaring the national scheme cap number for the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2012; and

                     (b)  regulations declaring the national scheme cap number for each of the next 2 eligible financial years;

are made before 1 July 2010.

             (3)  The Minister must take all reasonable steps to ensure that:

                     (a)  regulations declaring the national scheme cap number for the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2015 are made at least 5 years before the end of the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  regulations declaring the national scheme cap number for a later eligible financial year are made at least 5 years before the end of the later eligible financial year.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  apart from this subsection, at the beginning of the 5‑year period ending at the end of an eligible financial year (the current eligible financial year), there is no national scheme cap number for the current eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  there was a national scheme cap number for the previous eligible financial year; and

                     (c)  the current eligible financial year began on or after 1 July 2015;

the national scheme cap number for the current eligible financial year is equal to:

                     (d)  if 99% of the national scheme cap number for the previous eligible financial year is less than the lower bound of the national scheme gateway for the current eligible financial year—that lower bound; or

                     (e)  if 99% of the national scheme cap number for the previous eligible financial year exceeds the upper bound of the national scheme gateway for the current eligible financial year—that upper bound; or

                      (f)  if neither paragraph (d) nor (e) applies—99% of the national scheme cap number for the previous eligible financial year (rounded to the nearest whole number, with a number ending in .5 being rounded up).

Regulations

             (5)  In making a recommendation to the Governor‑General about regulations to be made for the purposes of this section, the Minister:

                     (a)  must have regard to Australia’s international obligations under:

                              (i)  the Climate Change Convention; and

                             (ii)  the Kyoto Protocol; and

                     (b)  may have regard to the most recent report given to the Minister by an expert advisory committee under section 354, to the extent to which that report deals with national scheme caps; and

                     (c)  may have regard to the following matters:

                              (i)  the principle that the stabilisation of atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases at around 450 parts per million of carbon dioxide equivalence or lower is in Australia’s national interest;

                             (ii)  progress towards, and development of, comprehensive global action under which all of the major economies commit to substantially restrain greenhouse gas emissions and all of the advanced economies commit to reductions of greenhouse gas emissions comparable to the reductions to which Australia has committed;

                            (iii)  the economic implications associated with various levels of national scheme caps, including implications of the carbon price;

                            (iv)  voluntary action to reduce Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions;

                             (v)  estimates of greenhouse gas emissions that are not covered (directly or indirectly) by the carbon pollution reduction scheme;

                            (vi)  such other matters (if any) as the Minister considers relevant.

             (6)  Paragraph (5)(b) does not apply if no report has been given to the Minister under section 354.

             (7)  If:

                     (a)  regulations are made for the purposes of this section; and

                     (b)  on a particular day (the tabling day), a copy of the regulations is tabled before a House of the Parliament under section 38 of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003;

then, on or as soon as practicable after the tabling day, the Minister must cause to be tabled before that House a written statement setting out the Minister’s reasons for making the recommendation to the Governor‑General about those regulations.

15  National scheme gateway

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to:

                     (a)  the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2015; and

                     (b)  each later eligible financial year.

Gateway

             (2)  The regulations may declare that:

                     (a)  a quantity of greenhouse gas that has a carbon dioxide equivalence of a specified number of tonnes is the upper bound of the national scheme gateway for a specified eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  a quantity of greenhouse gas that has a carbon dioxide equivalence of a specified number of tonnes is the lower bound of the national scheme gateway for a specified eligible financial year.

National scheme cap

             (3)  The Minister must take all reasonable steps to ensure that the national scheme cap for an eligible financial year:

                     (a)  is not more than the upper bound of the national scheme gateway (if any) for the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  is not less than the lower bound of the national scheme gateway (if any) for the eligible financial year.

Regulations

             (4)  In making a recommendation to the Governor‑General about regulations to be made for the purposes of this section, the Minister:

                     (a)  must have regard to Australia’s international obligations under:

                              (i)  the Climate Change Convention; and

                             (ii)  the Kyoto Protocol; and

                     (b)  may have regard to the most recent report given to the Minister by an expert advisory committee under section 354, to the extent to which that report deals with national scheme gateways; and

                     (c)  may have regard to the following matters:

                              (i)  the principle that the stabilisation of atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases at around 450 parts per million of carbon dioxide equivalence or lower is in Australia’s national interest;

                             (ii)  progress towards, and development of, comprehensive global action under which all of the major economies commit to substantially restrain greenhouse gas emissions and all of the advanced economies commit to reductions of greenhouse gas emissions comparable to the reductions to which Australia has committed;

                            (iii)  the economic implications associated with various national scheme gateways, including implications of the carbon price;

                            (iv)  voluntary action to reduce Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions;

                             (v)  estimates of greenhouse gas emissions that are not covered (directly or indirectly) by the carbon pollution reduction scheme;

                            (vi)  such other matters (if any) as the Minister considers relevant.

             (5)  Paragraph (4)(b) does not apply if no report has been given to the Minister under section 354.

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  regulations are made for the purposes of this section; and

                     (b)  on a particular day (the tabling day), a copy of the regulations is tabled before a House of the Parliament under section 38 of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003;

then, on or as soon as practicable after the tabling day, the Minister must cause to be tabled before that House a written statement setting out the Minister’s reasons for making the recommendation to the Governor‑General about those regulations.


 

Part 3Liable entities

Division 1Introduction

16  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      This Part sets out rules for:

               (a)     identifying the persons who are liable entities for a financial year (liable entities are liable to surrender eligible emissions units); and

               (b)     the provisional emissions numbers of those liable entities (provisional emissions numbers are used to work out the number of eligible emissions units that must be surrendered by a liable entity).

•      If a person is responsible for greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of a facility during a financial year:

               (a)     the person is a liable entity for the financial year; and

               (b)     the number of tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalence of the gas is a provisional emissions number of the person for the financial year.

•      A person can be responsible for greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of a facility because:

               (a)     the person is a controlling corporation of a group, and a member of the group has operational control of the facility; or

               (b)     the person is not a member of a controlling corporation’s group, but has operational control of the facility; or

               (c)     the person is the holder of a liability transfer certificate in relation to the facility.

•      If a person imports, manufactures or supplies synthetic greenhouse gas during a financial year:

               (a)     the person is a liable entity for the financial year; and

               (b)     the number of tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalence of the gas is a provisional emissions number of the person for the financial year.

•      If a person imports, produces or supplies eligible upstream fuel during a financial year:

               (a)     the person is a liable entity for the financial year; and

               (b)     the number of tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalence of the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the fuel is a provisional emissions number of the person for the financial year.

•      If a person (the supplier) supplies an amount of eligible upstream fuel to another person (the recipient) who quotes the recipient’s Obligation Transfer Number (OTN) in relation to the supply, the supply will not count towards the supplier’s liability for the financial year.

•      If a person (the OTN holder) quotes the person’s OTN in relation to the supply of an amount of eligible upstream fuel, the OTN holder may be a liable entity.


 

Division 2Direct emitters of greenhouse gases

Subdivision AGeneral rules

17  Liable entity—controlling corporation of a group

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  a facility (other than a landfill facility) was under the operational control of one or more members of a controlling corporation’s group throughout an eligible financial year; or

                             (ii)  a facility (other than a landfill facility) was under the operational control of one or more members of a controlling corporation’s group for a number of, but not all, days in an eligible financial year (the control days); and

                     (b)  the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of the facility:

                              (i)  if subparagraph (a)(i) applies—during the eligible financial year; or

                             (ii)  if subparagraph (a)(ii) applies—during the control days;

                            has a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes.

Provisional emissions number

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, that number is a provisional emissions number of the controlling corporation for the eligible financial year.

Liable entity

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, the controlling corporation is a liable entity for the eligible financial year.

Exemption—small facilities

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the facility was under the operational control of one or more members of the controlling corporation’s group throughout the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  during the eligible financial year, the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of the facility had a carbon dioxide equivalence of less than 25,000 tonnes;

so much of the total amount mentioned in paragraph (b) as would otherwise count for the purposes of subsection (1) does not count for the purposes of subsection (1).

Note:          See also section 23 (anti‑avoidance).

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  the facility was under the operational control of one or more members of the controlling corporation’s group for a number of, but not all, days in the eligible financial year (the control days); and

                     (b)  during the control days, the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of the facility had a carbon dioxide equivalence of less than the amount worked out using the formula:

so much of the total amount mentioned in paragraph (b) as would otherwise count for the purposes of subsection (1) does not count for the purposes of subsection (1).

Note:          See also section 23 (anti‑avoidance).

Exemption—liability transfer certificate

             (6)  For the purposes of this section, if, throughout the whole or a part of the eligible financial year, a person was the holder of a liability transfer certificate in relation to the facility, then the facility is taken not to have been under the operational control of a member of the controlling corporation’s group during the whole or the part, as the case may be, of the eligible financial year.

OTNs—no double counting

             (7)  If:

                     (a)  the facility was under the operational control of one or more members of the controlling corporation’s group throughout the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  during the eligible financial year, an amount of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of the facility was attributable to the combustion of eligible upstream fuel that was obtained by way of the supply of the fuel to a person (who may be a member of the controlling corporation’s group); and

                     (c)  in a case where the person had operational control of the facility—the person did not quote the person’s OTN in relation to the supply of the fuel;

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b):

                     (d)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (e)  counts for the purposes of paragraph (4)(b).

             (8)  If:

                     (a)  the facility was under the operational control of one or more members of the controlling corporation’s group for a number of, but not all, days in the eligible financial year (the control days); and

                     (b)  during the control days, an amount of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of the facility was attributable to the combustion of eligible upstream fuel that was obtained by way of the supply of the fuel to a person (who may be a member of the controlling corporation’s group); and

                     (c)  in a case where the person had operational control of the facility—the person did not quote the person’s OTN in relation to the supply of the fuel;

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b):

                     (d)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (e)  counts for the purposes of paragraph (5)(b).

Liquid petroleum fuel—no double counting

             (9)  If:

                     (a)  the facility was under the operational control of one or more members of the controlling corporation’s group throughout the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  during the eligible financial year, an amount of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of the facility was attributable to the combustion of liquid petroleum fuel; and

                     (c)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the fuel were counted for the purposes of subsection 31(1) or 32(1);

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b):

                     (d)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (e)  counts for the purposes of paragraph (4)(b).

           (10)  If:

                     (a)  the facility was under the operational control of one or more members of the controlling corporation’s group for a number of, but not all, days in the eligible financial year (the control days); and

                     (b)  during the control days, an amount of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of the facility was attributable to the combustion of liquid petroleum fuel; and

                     (c)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the fuel were counted for the purposes of subsection 31(1) or 32(1);

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b):

                     (d)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (e)  counts for the purposes of paragraph (5)(b).

18  Liable entity—non‑group entity

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  a facility (other than a landfill facility) was under the operational control of a non‑group entity throughout an eligible financial year; or

                             (ii)  a facility (other than a landfill facility) was under the operational control of a non‑group entity for a number of, but not all, days in an eligible financial year (the control days); and

                     (b)  the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of the facility:

                              (i)  if subparagraph (a)(i) applies—during the eligible financial year; or

                             (ii)  if subparagraph (a)(ii) applies—during the control days;

                            has a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes.

Provisional emissions number

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, that number is a provisional emissions number of the non‑group entity for the eligible financial year.

Liable entity

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, the non‑group entity is a liable entity for the eligible financial year.

Exemption—small facility

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the facility was under the operational control of the non‑group entity throughout the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  during the eligible financial year, the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of the facility had a carbon dioxide equivalence of less than 25,000 tonnes;

so much of the total amount mentioned in paragraph (b) as would otherwise count for the purposes of subsection (1) does not count for the purposes of subsection (1).

Note:          See also section 23 (anti‑avoidance).

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  the facility was under the operational control of the non‑group entity for a number of, but not all, days in the eligible financial year (the control days); and

                     (b)  during the control days, the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of the facility had a carbon dioxide equivalence of less than the amount worked out using the formula:

so much of the total amount mentioned in paragraph (b) as would otherwise count for the purposes of subsection (1) does not count for the purposes of subsection (1).

Note:          See also section 23 (anti‑avoidance).

Exemption—liability transfer certificate

             (6)  For the purposes of this section, if, throughout the whole or a part of the eligible financial year, a person was the holder of a liability transfer certificate in relation to the facility, then the facility is taken not to have been under the operational control of the non‑group entity during the whole or the part, as the case may be, of the eligible financial year.

OTNs—no double counting

             (7)  If:

                     (a)  the facility was under the operational control of the non‑group entity throughout the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  during the eligible financial year, an amount of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of the facility was attributable to the combustion of eligible upstream fuel that was obtained by way of the supply of the fuel to a person (who may be the non‑group entity); and

                     (c)  in a case where the person had operational control of the facility—the person did not quote the person’s OTN in relation to the supply of the fuel;

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b):

                     (d)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (e)  counts for the purposes of paragraph (4)(b).

             (8)  If:

                     (a)  the facility was under the operational control of the non‑group entity for a number of, but not all, days in the eligible financial year (the control days); and

                     (b)  during the control days, an amount of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of the facility was attributable to the combustion of eligible upstream fuel that was obtained by way of the supply of the fuel to a person (who may be the non‑group entity); and

                     (c)  in a case where the person had operational control of the facility—the person did not quote the person’s OTN in relation to the supply of the fuel;

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b):

                     (d)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (e)  counts for the purposes of paragraph (5)(b).

Liquid petroleum fuel—no double counting

             (9)  If:

                     (a)  the facility was under the operational control of the non‑group entity throughout the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  during the eligible financial year, an amount of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of the facility was attributable to the combustion of liquid petroleum fuel; and

                     (c)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the fuel were counted for the purposes of subsection 31(1) or 32(1);

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b):

                     (d)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (e)  counts for the purposes of paragraph (4)(b).

           (10)  If:

                     (a)  the facility was under the operational control of the non‑group entity for a number of, but not all, days in the eligible financial year (the control days); and

                     (b)  during the control days, an amount of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of the facility was attributable to the combustion of liquid petroleum fuel; and

                     (c)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the fuel were counted for the purposes of subsection 31(1) or 32(1);

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b):

                     (d)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (e)  counts for the purposes of paragraph (5)(b).

19  Liable entity—holder of a liability transfer certificate

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  a person was the holder of a liability transfer certificate in relation to a facility (other than a landfill facility) throughout an eligible financial year; or

                             (ii)  a person was the holder of a liability transfer certificate in relation to a facility (other than a landfill facility) for a number of, but not all, days in an eligible financial year (the certificate days); and

                     (b)  the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of the facility:

                              (i)  if subparagraph (a)(i) applies—during the eligible financial year; or

                             (ii)  if subparagraph (a)(ii) applies—during the certificate days;

                            has a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes.

Provisional emissions number

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, that number is a provisional emissions number of the person for the eligible financial year.

Liable entity

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, the person is a liable entity for the eligible financial year.

Exemption—small facility

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the person was the holder of the liability transfer certificate throughout the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  during the eligible financial year, the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of the facility had a carbon dioxide equivalence of less than 25,000 tonnes;

so much of the total amount mentioned in paragraph (b) as would otherwise count for the purposes of subsection (1) does not count for the purposes of subsection (1).

Note:          See also section 23 (anti‑avoidance).

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  the person was the holder of the liability transfer certificate for a number of, but not all, days in the eligible financial year (the certificate days); and

                     (b)  during the certificate days, the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of the facility had a carbon dioxide equivalence of less than the amount worked out using the formula:

so much of the total amount mentioned in paragraph (b) as would otherwise count for the purposes of subsection (1) does not count for the purposes of subsection (1).

Note:          See also section 23 (anti‑avoidance).

OTNs—no double counting

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  the person was the holder of the liability transfer certificate throughout the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  during the eligible financial year, an amount of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of the facility was attributable to the combustion of eligible upstream fuel that was obtained by way of the supply of the fuel to a person (the recipient) (who may be the holder); and

                     (c)  in a case where the person had operational control of the facility—the recipient did not quote the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply of the fuel;

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b):

                     (d)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (e)  counts for the purposes of paragraph (4)(b).

             (7)  If:

                     (a)  the person was the holder of the liability transfer certificate for a number of, but not all, days in the eligible financial year (the certificate days); and

                     (b)  during the certificate days, an amount of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of the facility was attributable to the combustion of eligible upstream fuel that was obtained by way of the supply of the fuel to a person (the recipient) (who may be the holder); and

                     (c)  in a case where the person had operational control of the facility—the recipient did not quote the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply of the fuel;

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b):

                     (d)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (e)  counts for the purposes of paragraph (5)(b).

Liquid petroleum fuel—no double counting

             (8)  If:

                     (a)  the person was the holder of the liability transfer certificate throughout the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  during the eligible financial year, an amount of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of the facility was attributable to the combustion of liquid petroleum fuel; and

                     (c)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the fuel were counted for the purposes of subsection 31(1) or 32(1);

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b):

                     (d)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (e)  counts for the purposes of paragraph (4)(b).

             (9)  If:

                     (a)  the person was the holder of the liability transfer certificate for a number of, but not all, days in the eligible financial year (the certificate days); and

                     (b)  during the certificate days, an amount of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of the facility was attributable to the combustion of liquid petroleum fuel; and

                     (c)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the fuel were counted for the purposes of subsection 31(1) or 32(1);

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b):

                     (d)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (e)  counts for the purposes of paragraph (5)(b).

Subdivision BLandfill facilities

20  Liable entity for landfill emissions—controlling corporation of a group

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  a landfill facility was under the operational control of one or more members of a controlling corporation’s group throughout an eligible financial year; or

                             (ii)  a landfill facility was under the operational control of one or more members of a controlling corporation’s group for a number of, but not all, days in an eligible financial year (the control days); and

                     (b)  the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of the landfill facility:

                              (i)  if subparagraph (a)(i) applies—during the eligible financial year; or

                             (ii)  if subparagraph (a)(ii) applies—during the control days;

                            has a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes.

Provisional emissions number

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, that number is a provisional emissions number of the controlling corporation for the eligible financial year.

Liable entity

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, the controlling corporation is a liable entity for the eligible financial year.

Exemption—small facilities

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the landfill facility was under the operational control of one or more members of the controlling corporation’s group throughout the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  during the eligible financial year, the number of tonnes of the carbon dioxide equivalence of the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of the landfill facility is less than the landfill facility’s threshold number for the eligible financial year;

so much of the total amount mentioned in paragraph (b) as would otherwise count for the purposes of subsection (1) does not count for the purposes of subsection (1).

Note 1:       For the landfill facility’s threshold number, see subsection (13).

Note 2:       See also section 23 (anti‑avoidance).

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  the landfill facility was under the operational control of one or more members of the controlling corporation’s group for a number of, but not all, days in the eligible financial year (the control days); and

                     (b)  during the control days, the number of tonnes of the carbon dioxide equivalence of the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of the landfill facility is less than the number worked out using the formula:

so much of the total amount mentioned in paragraph (b) as would otherwise count for the purposes of subsection (1) does not count for the purposes of subsection (1).

Note 1:       For the landfill facility’s threshold number, see subsection (13).

Note 2:       See also section 23 (anti‑avoidance).

Exemption—closed landfill facilities

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  the landfill facility has not accepted any waste during the period beginning at the start of 1 July 2008 and ending at the end of the last day of the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  during the eligible financial year, an amount of greenhouse gases was emitted from the operation of the landfill facility;

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b), to the extent to which it is attributable to solid waste, does not count for the purposes of subsection (1).

Exemption—liability transfer certificate

             (7)  For the purposes of this section, if, throughout the whole or a part of the eligible financial year, a person was the holder of a liability transfer certificate in relation to the landfill facility, then the landfill facility is taken not to have been under the operational control of a member of the controlling corporation’s group during the whole or the part, as the case may be, of the eligible financial year.

Exemption for emissions attributable to legacy waste

             (8)  If:

                     (a)  during the eligible financial year, an amount of greenhouse gases was emitted from the operation of the landfill facility; and

                     (b)  waste was accepted by the landfill facility before 1 July 2011;

so much of the amount mentioned in paragraph (a) as is, under the regulations, taken to be attributable to waste accepted by the facility before 1 July 2011:

                     (c)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (d)  counts for the purposes of whichever of subsection (4) or (5) is applicable to the landfill facility.

OTNs—no double counting

             (9)  If:

                     (a)  the landfill facility was under the operational control of one or more members of the controlling corporation’s group throughout the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  during the eligible financial year, an amount of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of the landfill facility was attributable to the combustion of eligible upstream fuel that was obtained by way of the supply of the fuel to a person (who may be a member of the controlling corporation’s group); and

                     (c)  in a case where the person had operational control of the landfill facility—the person did not quote the person’s OTN in relation to the supply of the fuel;

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b):

                     (d)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (e)  counts for the purposes of paragraph (4)(b).

           (10)  If:

                     (a)  the landfill facility was under the operational control of one or more members of the controlling corporation’s group for a number of, but not all, days in the eligible financial year (the control days); and

                     (b)  during the control days, an amount of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of the landfill facility was attributable to the combustion of eligible upstream fuel that was obtained by way of the supply of the fuel to a person (who may be a member of the controlling corporation’s group); and

                     (c)  in a case where the person had operational control of the landfill facility—the person did not quote the person’s OTN in relation to the supply of the fuel;

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b):

                     (d)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (e)  counts for the purposes of paragraph (5)(b).

Liquid petroleum fuel—no double counting

           (11)  If:

                     (a)  the landfill facility was under the operational control of one or more members of the controlling corporation’s group throughout the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  during the eligible financial year, an amount of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of the landfill facility was attributable to the combustion of liquid petroleum fuel; and

                     (c)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the fuel were counted for the purposes of subsection 31(1) or 32(1);

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b):

                     (d)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (e)  counts for the purposes of paragraph (4)(b).

           (12)  If:

                     (a)  the landfill facility was under the operational control of one or more members of the controlling corporation’s group for a number of, but not all, days in the eligible financial year (the control days); and

                     (b)  during the control days, an amount of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of the landfill facility was attributable to the combustion of liquid petroleum fuel; and

                     (c)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the fuel were counted for the purposes of subsection 31(1) or 32(1);

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b):

                     (d)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (e)  counts for the purposes of paragraph (5)(b).

Threshold number

           (13)  For the purposes of this section, the landfill facility’s threshold number for the eligible financial year is:

                     (a)  in a case where:

                              (i)  at any time during the eligible financial year, the landfill facility is open for the acceptance of a prescribed class of waste; and

                             (ii)  at any time during the eligible financial year, the landfill facility is within the prescribed distance of another landfill facility that is open for the acceptance of the same class of waste; and

                            (iii)  the other landfill facility is a designated large landfill facility in relation to the previous eligible financial year; and

                            (iv)  if a list has been published by the Authority during the eligible financial year under regulations made for the purposes of section 278G—the other landfill facility is specified in the list;

                            10,000; or

                     (b)  in any other case—25,000.

           (14)  For the purposes of subparagraph (13)(a)(ii), distance is to be measured in accordance with the regulations.

           (15)  For the purposes of subparagraph (13)(a)(iii), assume that the financial year beginning on 1 July 2010 is an eligible financial year.

21  Liable entity for landfill emissions—non‑group entity

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  a landfill facility was under the operational control of a non‑group entity throughout an eligible financial year; or

                             (ii)  a landfill facility was under the operational control of a non‑group entity for a number of, but not all, days in an eligible financial year (the control days); and

                     (b)  the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of the landfill facility:

                              (i)  if subparagraph (a)(i) applies—during the eligible financial year; or

                             (ii)  if subparagraph (a)(ii) applies—during the control days;

                            has a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes.

Provisional emissions number

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, that number is a provisional emissions number of the non‑group entity for the eligible financial year.

Liable entity

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, the non‑group entity is a liable entity for the eligible financial year.

Exemption—small facilities

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the landfill facility was under the operational control of the non‑group entity throughout the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  during the eligible financial year, the number of tonnes of the carbon dioxide equivalence of the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of the landfill facility is less than the landfill facility’s threshold number for the eligible financial year;

so much of the total amount mentioned in paragraph (b) as would otherwise count for the purposes of subsection (1) does not count for the purposes of subsection (1).

Note 1:       For the landfill facility’s threshold number, see subsection (13).

Note 2:       See also section 23 (anti‑avoidance).

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  the landfill facility was under the operational control of the non‑group entity for a number of, but not all, days in the eligible financial year (the control days); and

                     (b)  during the control days, the number of tonnes of the carbon dioxide equivalence of the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of the landfill facility is less than the number worked out using the formula:

so much of the total amount mentioned in paragraph (b) as would otherwise count for the purposes of subsection (1) does not count for the purposes of subsection (1).

Note 1:       For the landfill facility’s threshold number, see subsection (13).

Note 2:       See also section 23 (anti‑avoidance).

Exemption—closed landfill facilities

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  the landfill facility has not accepted any waste during the period beginning at the start of 1 July 2008 and ending at the end of the last day of the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  during the eligible financial year, an amount of greenhouse gases was emitted from the operation of the landfill facility;

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b), to the extent to which it is attributable to solid waste, does not count for the purposes of subsection (1).

Exemption—liability transfer certificate

             (7)  For the purposes of this section, if, throughout the whole or a part of the eligible financial year, a person was the holder of a liability transfer certificate in relation to the landfill facility, then the landfill facility is taken not to have been under the operational control of the non‑group entity during the whole or the part, as the case may be, of the eligible financial year.

Exemption for emissions attributable to legacy waste

             (8)  If:

                     (a)  during the eligible financial year, an amount of greenhouse gases was emitted from the operation of the landfill facility; and

                     (b)  waste was accepted by the landfill facility before 1 July 2011;

so much of the amount mentioned in paragraph (a) as is, under the regulations, taken to be attributable to waste accepted by the facility before 1 July 2011:

                     (c)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (d)  counts for the purposes of whichever of subsection (4) or (5) is applicable to the landfill facility.

OTNs—no double counting

             (9)  If:

                     (a)  the landfill facility was under the operational control of the non‑group entity throughout the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  during the eligible financial year, an amount of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of the landfill facility was attributable to the combustion of eligible upstream fuel that was obtained by way of the supply of the fuel to a person (who may be the non‑group entity); and

                     (c)  in a case where the person had operational control of the landfill facility—the person did not quote the person’s OTN in relation to the supply of the fuel;

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b):

                     (d)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (e)  counts for the purposes of paragraph (4)(b).

           (10)  If:

                     (a)  the landfill facility was under the operational control of the non‑group entity for a number of, but not all, days in the eligible financial year (the control days); and

                     (b)  during the control days, an amount of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of the landfill facility was attributable to the combustion of eligible upstream fuel that was obtained by way of the supply of the fuel to a person (who may be the non‑group entity); and

                     (c)  in a case where the person had operational control of the landfill facility—the person did not quote the person’s OTN in relation to the supply of the fuel;

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b):

                     (d)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (e)  counts for the purposes of paragraph (5)(b).

Liquid petroleum fuel—no double counting

           (11)  If:

                     (a)  the landfill facility was under the operational control of the non‑group entity throughout the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  during the eligible financial year, an amount of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of the landfill facility was attributable to the combustion of liquid petroleum fuel; and

                     (c)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the fuel were counted for the purposes of subsection 31(1) or 32(1);

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b):

                     (d)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (e)  counts for the purposes of paragraph (4)(b).

           (12)  If:

                     (a)  the landfill facility was under the operational control of the non‑group entity for a number of, but not all, days in the eligible financial year (the control days); and

                     (b)  during the control days, an amount of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of the landfill facility was attributable to the combustion of liquid petroleum fuel; and

                     (c)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the fuel were counted for the purposes of subsection 31(1) or 32(1);

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b):

                     (d)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (e)  counts for the purposes of paragraph (5)(b).

Threshold number

           (13)  For the purposes of this section, the landfill facility’s threshold number for the eligible financial year is:

                     (a)  in a case where:

                              (i)  at any time during the eligible financial year, the landfill facility is open for the acceptance of a prescribed class of waste; and

                             (ii)  at any time during the eligible financial year, the landfill facility is within the prescribed distance of another landfill facility that is open for the acceptance of the same class of waste; and

                            (iii)  the other landfill facility is a designated large landfill facility in relation to the previous eligible financial year; and

                            (iv)  if a list has been published by the Authority during the eligible financial year under regulations made for the purposes of section 278G—the other landfill facility is specified in the list;

                            10,000; or

                     (b)  in any other case—25,000.

           (14)  For the purposes of subparagraph (13)(a)(ii), distance is to be measured in accordance with the regulations.

           (15)  For the purposes of subparagraph (13)(a)(iii), assume that the financial year beginning on 1 July 2010 is an eligible financial year.

22  Liable entity for landfill emissions—holder of a liability transfer certificate

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  a person was the holder of a liability transfer certificate in relation to a landfill facility throughout an eligible financial year; or

                             (ii)  a person was the holder of a liability transfer certificate in relation to a landfill facility for a number of, but not all, days in an eligible financial year (the certificate days); and

                     (b)  the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of the landfill facility:

                              (i)  if subparagraph (a)(i) applies—during the eligible financial year; or

                             (ii)  if subparagraph (a)(ii) applies—during the certificate days;

                            has a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes.

Provisional emissions number

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, that number is a provisional emissions number of the person for the eligible financial year.

Liable entity

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, the person is a liable entity for the eligible financial year.

Exemption—small facility

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the person was the holder of the liability transfer certificate throughout the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  during the eligible financial year, the number of tonnes of the carbon dioxide equivalence of the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of the landfill facility is less than the landfill facility’s threshold number for the eligible financial year;

so much of the total amount mentioned in paragraph (b) as would otherwise count for the purposes of subsection (1) does not count for the purposes of subsection (1).

Note 1:       For the landfill facility’s threshold number, see subsection (12).

Note 2:       See also section 23 (anti‑avoidance).

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  the person was the holder of the liability transfer certificate for a number of, but not all, days in the eligible financial year (the certificate days); and

                     (b)  during the control days, the number of tonnes of the carbon dioxide equivalence of the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of the landfill facility is less than the number worked out using the formula:

so much of the total amount mentioned in paragraph (b) as would otherwise count for the purposes of subsection (1) does not count for the purposes of subsection (1).

Note 1:       For the landfill facility’s threshold number, see subsection (12).

Note 2:       See also section 23 (anti‑avoidance).

Exemption—closed landfill facilities

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  the landfill facility has not accepted any waste during the period beginning at the start of 1 July 2008 and ending at the end of the last day of the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  during the eligible financial year, an amount of greenhouse gases was emitted from the operation of the landfill facility;

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b), to the extent to which it is attributable to solid waste, does not count for the purposes of subsection (1).

Exemption for emissions attributable to legacy waste

             (7)  If:

                     (a)  during the eligible financial year, an amount of greenhouse gases was emitted from the operation of the landfill facility; and

                     (b)  waste was accepted by the landfill facility before 1 July 2011;

so much of the amount mentioned in paragraph (a) as is, under the regulations, taken to be attributable to waste accepted by the facility before 1 July 2011:

                     (c)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (d)  counts for the purposes of whichever of subsection (4) or (5) is applicable to the landfill facility.

OTNs—no double counting

             (8)  If:

                     (a)  the person was the holder of the liability transfer certificate throughout the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  during the eligible financial year, an amount of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of the landfill facility was attributable to the combustion of eligible upstream fuel that was obtained by way of the supply of the fuel to a person (the recipient) (who may be the holder); and

                     (c)  in a case where the person had operational control of the landfill facility—the recipient did not quote the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply of the fuel;

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b):

                     (d)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (e)  counts for the purposes of paragraph (4)(b).

             (9)  If:

                     (a)  the person was the holder of the liability transfer certificate for a number of, but not all, days in the eligible financial year (the certificate days); and

                     (b)  during the certificate days, an amount of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of the landfill facility was attributable to the combustion of eligible upstream fuel that was obtained by way of the supply of the fuel to a person (the recipient) (who may be the holder); and

                     (c)  in a case where the person had operational control of the landfill facility—the recipient did not quote the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply of the fuel;

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b):

                     (d)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (e)  counts for the purposes of paragraph (5)(b).

Liquid petroleum fuel—no double counting

           (10)  If:

                     (a)  the person was the holder of the liability transfer certificate throughout the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  during the eligible financial year, an amount of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of the landfill facility was attributable to the combustion of liquid petroleum fuel; and

                     (c)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the fuel were counted for the purposes of subsection 31(1) or 32(1);

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b):

                     (d)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (e)  counts for the purposes of paragraph (4)(b).

           (11)  If:

                     (a)  the person was the holder of the liability transfer certificate for a number of, but not all, days in the eligible financial year (the certificate days); and

                     (b)  during the certificate days, an amount of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of the landfill facility was attributable to the combustion of liquid petroleum fuel; and

                     (c)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the fuel were counted for the purposes of subsection 31(1) or 32(1);

the amount mentioned in paragraph (b):

                     (d)  does not count for the purposes of subsection (1); and

                     (e)  counts for the purposes of paragraph (5)(b).

Threshold number

           (12)  For the purposes of this section, the landfill facility’s threshold number for the eligible financial year is:

                     (a)  in a case where:

                              (i)  at any time during the eligible financial year, the landfill facility is open for the acceptance of a prescribed class of waste; and

                             (ii)  at any time during the eligible financial year, the landfill facility is within the prescribed distance of another landfill facility that is open for the acceptance of the same class of waste; and

                            (iii)  the other landfill facility is a designated large landfill facility in relation to the previous eligible financial year; and

                            (iv)  if a list has been published by the Authority during the eligible financial year under regulations made for the purposes of section 278G—the other landfill facility is specified in the list;

                            10,000; or

                     (b)  in any other case—25,000.

           (13)  For the purposes of subparagraph (12)(a)(ii), distance is to be measured in accordance with the regulations.

           (14)  For the purposes of subparagraph (12)(a)(iii), assume that the financial year beginning on 1 July 2010 is an eligible financial year.

Subdivision BAAdjustment of provisional emissions number in relation to a facility in the Joint Petroleum Development Area or the Greater Sunrise unit area

22A  Joint Petroleum Development Area—adjustment of provisional emissions number

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if there is a provisional emissions number of a person for an eligible financial year in relation to greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of a facility that is:

                     (a)  located in the Joint Petroleum Development Area; and

                     (b)  not located in the Greater Sunrise unit area;

during a period that is included in, or consists of, the eligible financial year.

Adjustment

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, that provisional emissions number is taken to be the number worked out using the formula:

where:

prescribed percentage means the percentage (not exceeding 100%) specified in the regulations in relation to the facility for the eligible financial year.

unadjusted provisional emissions number means the number that, apart from this subsection, would be the provisional emissions number of the person for the eligible financial year in relation to greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of the facility during the period.

22B  Joint Petroleum Development Area‑Greater Sunrise unit area—adjustment of provisional emissions number

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if there is a provisional emissions number of a person for an eligible financial year in relation to greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of a facility that is located in both of the following areas:

                     (a)  the Joint Petroleum Development Area;

                     (b)  the Greater Sunrise unit area;

during a period that is included in, or consists of, the eligible financial year.

Adjustment

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, that provisional emissions number is taken to be the number worked out using the formula:

where:

prescribed percentage means the percentage (not exceeding 100%) specified in the regulations in relation to the facility for the eligible financial year.

unadjusted provisional emissions number means the number that, apart from this subsection, would be the provisional emissions number of the person for the eligible financial year in relation to greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of the facility during the period.

22C  Greater Sunrise unit area—adjustment of provisional emissions number

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if there is a provisional emissions number of a person for an eligible financial year in relation to greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of a facility that is:

                     (a)  located in the Greater Sunrise unit area; and

                     (b)  not located in the Joint Petroleum Development Area;

during a period that is included in, or consists of, the eligible financial year.

Adjustment

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, that provisional emissions number is taken to be the number worked out using the formula:

where:

prescribed percentage means the percentage (not exceeding 100%) specified in the regulations in relation to the facility for the eligible financial year.

unadjusted provisional emissions number means the number that, apart from this subsection, would be the provisional emissions number of the person for the eligible financial year in relation to greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of the facility during the period.

Subdivision CAnti‑avoidance

23  Anti‑avoidance

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  at any time after 15 December 2008, one or more persons entered into, commenced to carry out, or carried out, a scheme; and

                     (b)  it would be concluded that the person, or any of the persons, who entered into, commenced to carry out, or carried out, the scheme did so for the purpose, or for purposes that included the substantial purpose, of:

                              (i)  enabling the controlling corporation of a group to obtain the benefit of one or more threshold provisions in relation to a facility for an eligible financial year; or

                             (ii)  enabling a non‑group entity to obtain the benefit of one or more threshold provisions in relation to a facility for an eligible financial year; or

                            (iii)  enabling the holder of a liability transfer certificate to obtain the benefit of one or more threshold provisions in relation to a facility for an eligible financial year.

For this purpose, it is immaterial whether the controlling corporation, non‑group entity or the holder of the certificate, as the case may be, is the person, or one of the persons, referred to in paragraph (a).

Cancellation of benefit of threshold provision

             (2)  The Authority may, by writing, determine that this Act has, and is taken always to have had, effect, as if the controlling corporation, the non‑group entity or the holder of the certificate, as the case may be, were not entitled to obtain the benefit of the relevant threshold provision or provisions in relation to the facility for that eligible financial year.

             (3)  If the Authority makes a determination under subsection (2), the Authority must publish a copy of the determination on the Authority’s website.

Threshold provision

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, each of the following is a threshold provision:

                     (a)  subsection 17(4);

                     (b)  subsection 17(5);

                     (c)  subsection 18(4);

                     (d)  subsection 18(5);

                     (e)  subsection 19(4);

                      (f)  subsection 19(5);

                     (g)  subsection 20(4);

                     (h)  subsection 20(5);

                      (i)  subsection 21(4);

                      (j)  subsection 21(5);

                     (k)  subsection 22(4);

                      (l)  subsection 22(5).

Subdivision DGreenhouse gas emitted from the operation of a facility

24  Greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of a facility

                   For the purposes of this Act, an emission of greenhouse gas from the operation of a facility is a scope 1 emission of greenhouse gas, where:

                     (a)  the greenhouse gas is released into the atmosphere as a direct result of the operation of the facility; and

                     (b)  regulations made for the purposes of paragraph 10(2A)(a) of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007 declare that the emission is a scope 1 emission covered by the carbon pollution reduction scheme.

25  Measurement of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of a facility

                   For the purposes of this Act, greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of a facility is to be measured using:

                     (a)  methods determined under subsection 10(3) of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007; or

                     (b)  methods which meet criteria determined under that subsection;

where the use of those methods satisfies any conditions specified in the determination under that subsection.


 

Division 3Importers, manufacturers and suppliers of synthetic greenhouse gases

26  Liable entity—import of synthetic greenhouse gas

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if, during an eligible financial year, the total amount of synthetic greenhouse gases imported by a person has a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes.

Provisional emissions number

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, that number, reduced by the total of any netted‑out numbers of the person for the eligible financial year, is a provisional emissions number of the person for the eligible financial year.

Note:          For netted‑out numbers, see subsections (7) and (9).

Liable entity

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, the person is a liable entity for the eligible financial year.

Exemption—small importers

             (4)  If, during the eligible financial year, the total amount of synthetic greenhouse gases imported by the person has a carbon dioxide equivalence of less than 25,000 tonnes, the total amount does not count for the purposes of subsection (1).

Note:          See also section 30 (anti‑avoidance).

Synthetic greenhouse gases in manufactured products

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, disregard a synthetic greenhouse gas if the gas is in a manufactured product that consists in part of that gas only because the gas was used in the manufacturing process.

Note:          For example, this subsection would apply to a gas that remained in a foam product after the gas was used in the production of the foam.

Synthetic greenhouse gas for use on board ships or aircraft

             (6)  For the purposes of this section, disregard the import of a synthetic greenhouse gas if:

                     (a)  the synthetic greenhouse gas is on board a ship or aircraft; and

                     (b)  the ship or aircraft has air‑conditioning or refrigeration equipment; and

                     (c)  the synthetic greenhouse gas is exclusively for use in meeting the reasonable servicing requirements of that equipment during, or in connection with, one or more periods when the ship or aircraft is or will be engaged in a journey between:

                              (i)  a place in Australia and a place outside Australia; or

                             (ii)  2 places outside Australia.

Netted‑out numbers

             (7)  For the purposes of this section, if:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, the total amount of a particular type of synthetic greenhouse gas imported by the person has a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes (the import number); and

                     (b)  during the eligible financial year, the total amount of the same type of synthetic greenhouse gas exported by the person has a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes (the export number);

the person’s netted‑out number for that type of synthetic greenhouse gas for the eligible financial year is:

                     (c)  if the import number exceeds the export number—the export number; or

                     (d)  otherwise—the import number.

             (8)  Paragraph (7)(b) does not apply to synthetic greenhouse gas exported by the person if the synthetic greenhouse gas was supplied in Australia to the person.

             (9)  For the purposes of this section, if:

                     (a)  during the eligible financial year, the person supplies an amount of synthetic greenhouse gas to another person; and

                     (b)  the other person quoted the other person’s OTN in relation to the supply; and

                     (c)  that amount has a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes;

that number is the person’s netted‑out number for that supply for the eligible financial year.

27  Liable entity—manufacture of synthetic greenhouse gas

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if, during an eligible financial year, the total amount of synthetic greenhouse gases manufactured by a person has a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes.

Provisional emissions number

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, that number, reduced by the total of any netted‑out numbers of the person for the eligible financial year, is a provisional emissions number of the person for the eligible financial year.

Note:          For netted‑out numbers, see subsections (7) and (8).

Liable entity

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, the person is a liable entity for the eligible financial year.

Exemption—small manufacturers

             (4)  If, during the eligible financial year, the total amount of synthetic greenhouse gases manufactured by the person has a carbon dioxide equivalence of less than 25,000 tonnes, the total amount does not count for the purposes of subsection (1).

Note:          See also section 30 (anti‑avoidance).

Recycling of synthetic greenhouse gas

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, disregard a process by which a quantity of synthetic greenhouse gas is produced by the recycling of substances containing synthetic greenhouse gases of that quantity.

             (6)  For the purposes of this section, if a process for the manufacture of a quantity of synthetic greenhouse gas involves, in part, the recycling of substances containing synthetic greenhouse gas of a lesser quantity, the quantity of synthetic greenhouse gas manufactured in the process is taken to be reduced by the quantity of synthetic greenhouse gas in the substances recycled in the process.

Netted‑out numbers

             (7)  For the purposes of this section, if:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, the total amount of a particular type of synthetic greenhouse gas manufactured by the person has a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes (the manufacture number); and

                     (b)  during the eligible financial year, the total amount of the same type of synthetic greenhouse gas exported by the person has a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes (the export number);

the person’s netted‑out number for that type of synthetic greenhouse gas for the eligible financial year is:

                     (c)  if the manufacture number exceeds the export number—the export number; or

                     (d)  otherwise—the manufacture number.

             (8)  For the purposes of this section, if:

                     (a)  during the eligible financial year, the person supplies an amount of synthetic greenhouse gas to another person; and

                     (b)  the other person quoted the other person’s OTN in relation to the supply; and

                     (c)  that amount has a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes;

that number is the person’s netted‑out number for that supply for the eligible financial year.

28  Liable entity—re‑supply of synthetic greenhouse gas to recipient who does not quote an OTN

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, a person supplies an amount of synthetic greenhouse gas to another person (the OTN holder) who quotes the other person’s OTN in relation to the supply; and

                     (b)  during that or a later eligible financial year, the OTN holder re‑supplies the whole or a part of that amount to a third person; and

                     (c)  the third person does not quote the third person’s OTN in relation to the re‑supply; and

                     (d)  the re‑supplied amount has a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes.

Provisional emissions number

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, that number is a provisional emissions number of the OTN holder for the eligible financial year in which the re‑supply occurred.

Liable entity

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, the OTN holder is a liable entity for the eligible financial year in which the re‑supply occurred.

29  Liable entity—supply of synthetic greenhouse gas to a person who misuses the person’s OTN

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, a person supplies an amount of synthetic greenhouse gas to another person (the OTN holder) who quotes the other person’s OTN in relation to the supply; and

                     (b)  the OTN holder was not required or permitted by this Act to quote the OTN holder’s OTN; and

                     (c)  the supplied amount has a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes.

Provisional emissions number

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, that number is a provisional emissions number of the OTN holder for the eligible financial year.

Liable entity

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, the OTN holder is a liable entity for the eligible financial year.

30  Anti‑avoidance

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  at any time after 15 December 2008, one or more persons entered into, commenced to carry out, or carried out, a scheme; and

                     (b)  it would be concluded that the person, or any of the persons, who entered into, commenced to carry out, or carried out, the scheme did so for the purpose, or for purposes that included the substantial purpose, of:

                              (i)  enabling the importer of one or more synthetic greenhouse gases to obtain the benefit of subsection 26(4) for an eligible financial year; or

                             (ii)  enabling a manufacturer of one or more synthetic greenhouse gases to obtain the benefit of subsection 27(4) for an eligible financial year.

For this purpose, it is immaterial whether the importer or manufacturer, as the case may be, is the person, or one of the persons, referred to in paragraph (a).

Cancellation of benefit of threshold provision

             (2)  The Authority may, by writing, determine that this Act has, and is taken always to have had, effect, as if the importer or manufacturer, as the case may be, were not entitled to obtain the benefit of subsection 26(4) or 27(4), as the case may be, for that eligible financial year.

             (3)  If the Authority makes a determination under subsection (2), the Authority must publish a copy of the determination on the Authority’s website.


 

Division 4Importers, producers and suppliers of eligible upstream fuels

31  Liable entity—import of liquid petroleum fuel

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  an amount of liquid petroleum fuel is entered for home consumption during an eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  import duty is or was payable by a person on that amount; and

                     (c)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in that amount has a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes.

Provisional emissions number

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, that number, reduced (but not below zero) by the total of any netted‑out numbers of the person for the eligible financial year, is a provisional emissions number of the person for the eligible financial year.

Note:          For netted‑out numbers, see subsection (4).

Liable entity

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, the person is a liable entity for the eligible financial year.

Netted‑out numbers

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  during the eligible financial year, the person supplies an amount of liquid petroleum fuel to another person (the OTN holder) who quotes the other person’s OTN in relation to the supply; and

                     (b)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the supplied amount have a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes;

the number is a netted‑out number of the person for the eligible financial year.

Import duty

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, in determining whether import duty is or was payable on an amount of liquid petroleum fuel, disregard:

                     (a)  any remission, rebate or refund under section 163 of the Customs Act 1901; or

                     (b)  any drawback under regulations made for the purposes of subsection 168(1) of the Customs Act 1901;

unless the remission, rebate, refund or drawback is prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this subsection.

32  Liable entity—production of liquid petroleum fuel

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  an amount of liquid petroleum fuel is manufactured or produced in Australia during an eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  excise duty is or was payable by a person on that amount; and

                     (c)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in that amount has a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes.

Provisional emissions number

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, that number, reduced (but not below zero) by the total of any netted‑out numbers of the person for the eligible financial year, is a provisional emissions number of the person for the eligible financial year.

Note:          For netted‑out numbers, see subsection (4).

Liable entity

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, the person is a liable entity for the eligible financial year.

Netted‑out numbers

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  during the eligible financial year, the person supplies an amount of liquid petroleum fuel to another person (the OTN holder) who quotes the other person’s OTN in relation to the supply; and

                     (b)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the supplied amount have a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes;

the number is a netted‑out number of the person for the eligible financial year.

Excise duty

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, in determining whether excise duty is or was payable on an amount of liquid petroleum fuel, disregard:

                     (a)  any remission, rebate or refund under section 78 of the Excise Act 1901; or

                     (b)  any drawback under regulations made for the purposes of section 79 of the Excise Act 1901;

unless the remission, rebate, refund or drawback is prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this subsection.

33  Liable entity—supply of untransformed eligible upstream fuel (other than liquid petroleum fuel)

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, a person (the supplier) supplies an amount of eligible upstream fuel to another person; and

                     (b)  the fuel is not the result of the carrying out by the supplier of the recognised transformation of another type of eligible upstream fuel; and

                     (c)  the fuel is not liquid petroleum fuel; and

                     (d)  if the fuel is imported—the supply is the first supply of the fuel after the fuel was entered for home consumption; and

                     (e)  if the fuel is not imported—the fuel was not supplied in Australia to the supplier; and

                      (f)  the other person did not quote the other person’s OTN in relation to the supply mentioned in paragraph (a); and

                    (fa)  the supply mentioned in paragraph (a) was not into a prescribed wholesale gas market; and

                     (g)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the amount mentioned in paragraph (a) have a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes.

Provisional emissions number

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, that number, reduced (but not below zero) by the total of any netted‑out numbers of the supplier for the eligible financial year, is a provisional emissions number of the supplier for the eligible financial year.

Note:          For netted‑out numbers, see subsection (4).

Liable entity

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, the supplier is a liable entity for the eligible financial year.

Netted‑out numbers

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, if:

                     (a)  during the eligible financial year, the supplier supplied an amount of eligible upstream fuel to another person (the recipient); and

                     (b)  after the supply, the recipient exported the fuel; and

                     (c)  the fuel has been entered for export (within the meaning of section 113 of the Customs Act 1901); and

                     (d)  the supplier has prescribed documentary evidence to show that the fuel was exported; and

                     (e)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the amount mentioned in paragraph (a) have a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes;

that number is a netted‑out number of the supplier for the eligible financial year.

33A  Liable entity—re‑supply of natural gas previously supplied out of a prescribed wholesale gas market

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, a person (the supplier) re‑supplies an amount of natural gas to another person; and

                     (b)  the gas was supplied to the supplier out of a prescribed wholesale gas market; and

                     (c)  the re‑supply was not into a prescribed wholesale gas market; and

                     (d)  the other person did not quote the other person’s OTN in relation to the re‑supply; and

                     (e)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the amount mentioned in paragraph (a) have a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes.

Provisional emissions number

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, that number is a provisional emissions number of the supplier for the eligible financial year.

Liable entity

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, the supplier is a liable entity for the eligible financial year.

34  Liable entity—application to own use of untransformed eligible upstream fuel (other than liquid petroleum fuel)

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, a person applies an amount of eligible upstream fuel to the person’s own use; and

                     (b)  greenhouse gas was released into the atmosphere as a result of the application to own use; and

                     (c)  the fuel is not the result of the carrying out by the person of the recognised transformation of another type of eligible upstream fuel; and

                     (d)  the fuel is not liquid petroleum fuel; and

                     (e)  if the fuel is imported:

                              (i)  the application to own use occurred after the fuel was entered for home consumption; and

                             (ii)  no supply of the fuel occurred after the fuel was entered for home consumption; and

                      (f)  if the fuel is not imported:

                              (i)  the fuel was not supplied in Australia to the person; or

                             (ii)  the fuel was supplied to the person out of a prescribed wholesale gas market; and

                     (g)  the greenhouse gas mentioned in paragraph (b) does not count for the purposes of subsection 17(1), 18(1), 19(1), 20(1), 21(1) or 22(1); and

                     (h)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the amount mentioned in paragraph (a) have a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes.

Provisional emissions number

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, that number is a provisional emissions number of the person for the eligible financial year.

Liable entity

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, the person is a liable entity for the eligible financial year.

35  Liable entity—supply of transformed eligible upstream fuel

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, a person (the supplier) supplies an amount of eligible upstream fuel to another person; and

                     (b)  the fuel is the result of the carrying out by the supplier of the recognised transformation of another type of eligible upstream fuel; and

                     (c)  the other person did not quote the other person’s OTN in relation to the supply mentioned in paragraph (a); and

                     (d)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the amount mentioned in paragraph (a) have a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes.

Provisional emissions number

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, that number, reduced (but not below zero) by the total of any netted‑out numbers of the supplier for the eligible financial year, is a provisional emissions number of the supplier for the eligible financial year.

Note:          For netted‑out numbers, see subsection (4).

Liable entity

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, the supplier is a liable entity for the eligible financial year.

Netted‑out numbers

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, if:

                     (a)  during the eligible financial year, the supplier supplied an amount of eligible upstream fuel to another person (the recipient); and

                     (b)  after the supply, the recipient exported the fuel; and

                     (c)  the fuel has been entered for export (within the meaning of section 113 of the Customs Act 1901); and

                     (d)  the supplier has prescribed documentary evidence to show that the fuel was exported; and

                     (e)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the amount mentioned in paragraph (a) have a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes;

that number is a netted‑out number of the supplier for the eligible financial year.

36  Liable entity—application of transformed eligible upstream fuel to own use

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, a person applies an amount of eligible upstream fuel to the person’s own use; and

                     (b)  greenhouse gas was released into the atmosphere as a result of the application to own use; and

                     (c)  the fuel is the result of the carrying out by the person of the recognised transformation of another type of eligible upstream fuel; and

                     (d)  the fuel was not supplied in Australia to the person; and

                     (e)  the greenhouse gas mentioned in paragraph (b) does not count for the purposes of subsection 17(1), 18(1), 19(1), 20(1), 21(1) or 22(1); and

                      (f)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the amount mentioned in paragraph (a) have a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes.

Provisional emissions number

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, that number is a provisional emissions number of the person for the eligible financial year.

Liable entity

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, the person is a liable entity for the eligible financial year.

37  Liable entity—re‑supply of eligible upstream fuel

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, a person supplies an amount of eligible upstream fuel to another person (the OTN holder) who quotes the other person’s OTN in relation to the supply; and

                     (b)  during that or a later eligible financial year, the OTN holder re‑supplies the whole or a part of that amount to a third person; and

                    (ba)  the re‑supply was not into a prescribed wholesale gas market; and

                     (c)  the third person does not quote the third person’s OTN in relation to the re‑supply; and

                     (d)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the amount re‑supplied have a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes.

Provisional emissions number

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, that number, reduced (but not below zero) by the total of any netted‑out numbers of the OTN holder for the eligible financial year in which the re‑supply occurs, is a provisional emissions number of the OTN holder for the eligible financial year in which the re‑supply occurs.

Note:          For netted‑out numbers, see subsection (4).

Liable entity

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, the OTN holder is a liable entity for the eligible financial year in which the re‑supply occurs.

Netted‑out numbers

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, if:

                     (a)  during the eligible financial year in which the re‑supply mentioned in paragraph (1)(b) occurs, the OTN holder supplied an amount of eligible upstream fuel to another person (the recipient); and

                     (b)  after the supply to the recipient, the recipient exported the fuel; and

                     (c)  the fuel has been entered for export (within the meaning of section 113 of the Customs Act 1901); and

                     (d)  the OTN holder has prescribed documentary evidence to show that the fuel was exported; and

                     (e)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the amount mentioned in paragraph (a) have a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes;

that number is a netted‑out number of the OTN holder for the eligible financial year.

38  Liable entity—application of eligible upstream fuel to OTN holder’s own use

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, a person supplies an amount of eligible upstream fuel to another person (the recipient); and

                     (b)  the recipient quoted the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply; and

                     (c)  during that or a later eligible financial year, the recipient applied the whole or a part of the amount of the fuel to the recipient’s own use; and

                     (d)  greenhouse gas was released into the atmosphere as a result of the application to own use; and

                     (e)  the greenhouse gas mentioned in paragraph (d) does not count for the purposes of subsection 17(1), 18(1), 19(1), 20(1), 21(1) or 22(1); and

                      (f)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the amount applied to the recipient’s own use have a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes.

Provisional emissions number

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, that number is a provisional emissions number of the recipient for the eligible financial year in which the amount was applied to the recipient’s own use.

Liable entity

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, the recipient is a liable entity for the eligible financial year in which the amount was applied to the recipient’s own use.

39  Liable entity—application of transformed eligible upstream fuel to OTN holder’s own use

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, a person supplies an amount of eligible upstream fuel to another person (the recipient); and

                     (b)  the recipient quoted the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply; and

                     (c)  during that or a later eligible financial year, the recipient applied the whole or a part of the amount of another type of eligible upstream fuel to the recipient’s own use; and

                     (d)  greenhouse gas was released into the atmosphere as a result of the application to own use; and

                     (e)  the fuel mentioned in paragraph (c) is the result of the carrying out by the recipient of the recognised transformation of the fuel mentioned in paragraph (a); and

                      (f)  the greenhouse gas mentioned in paragraph (d) does not count for the purposes of subsection 17(1), 18(1), 19(1), 20(1), 21(1) or 22(1); and

                     (g)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the amount applied to the recipient’s own use have a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes.

Provisional emissions number

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, that number is a provisional emissions number of the recipient for the eligible financial year in which the amount was applied to the recipient’s own use.

Liable entity

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, the recipient is a liable entity for the eligible financial year in which the amount was applied to the recipient’s own use.

40  Liable entity—supply of eligible upstream fuel to a person who misuses the person’s OTN

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, a person supplies an amount of eligible upstream fuel to another person (the OTN holder) who quotes the other person’s OTN in relation to the supply; and

                     (b)  the OTN holder was not required or permitted by this Act to quote the OTN holder’s OTN; and

                     (c)  the potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in the supplied amount have a carbon dioxide equivalence of a particular number of tonnes.

Provisional emissions number

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, that number is a provisional emissions number of the OTN holder for the eligible financial year.

Liable entity

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, the OTN holder is a liable entity for the eligible financial year.


 

Division 5Obligation transfer numbers

Subdivision AIssue of obligation transfer numbers

41  Issue of OTN

                   An OTN may be issued in one of the following ways:

                     (a)  as the result of an application (see section 44);

                     (b)  on the Authority’s own initiative (see section 45).

42  Application for OTN

             (1)  A person may apply to the Authority for the issue to the person of an OTN.

             (2)  An application must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  be in a form approved, in writing, by the Authority; and

                     (c)  be accompanied by:

                              (i)  such information as is specified in the regulations; and

                             (ii)  such documents (if any) as are specified in the regulations; and

                     (d)  be accompanied by the fee (if any) specified in the regulations.

             (3)  The approved form of application may provide for verification by statutory declaration of statements in applications.

43  Further information

             (1)  The Authority may, by written notice given to an applicant, require the applicant to give the Authority, within the period specified in the notice, further information in connection with the application.

             (2)  If the applicant breaches the requirement, the Authority may, by written notice given to the applicant:

                     (a)  refuse to consider the application; or

                     (b)  refuse to take any action, or any further action, in relation to the application.

44  Issue of OTN as the result of an application

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an application under section 42 has been made for an OTN.

Issue of OTN

             (2)  After considering the application, the Authority may issue an OTN to the applicant.

Criteria for issue of OTN

             (3)  The Authority must not issue the OTN unless:

                     (a)  the Authority is satisfied that the applicant is, or is likely to be, required or permitted by this Act to quote the person’s OTN in relation to the supply to the person of an amount of:

                              (i)  eligible upstream fuel; or

                             (ii)  synthetic greenhouse gas; and

                     (b)  the Authority has carried out the applicable identification procedure in respect of the applicant.

Timing

             (4)  The Authority must take all reasonable steps to ensure that a decision is made on the application:

                     (a)  if the Authority requires the applicant to give further information under subsection 43(1) in relation to the application—within 90 days after the applicant gave the Authority the information; or

                     (b)  otherwise—within 90 days after the application was made.

Refusal

             (5)  If the Authority decides to refuse to issue the OTN, the Authority must give written notice of the decision to the applicant.

45  Issue of OTN on the Authority’s own initiative

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  the Authority is satisfied that a person is, or is likely to be, required or permitted by this Act to quote the person’s OTN in relation to the supply to the person of an amount of:

                              (i)  eligible upstream fuel; or

                             (ii)  synthetic greenhouse gas; and

                     (b)  the Authority has carried out the applicable identification procedure in respect of the person.

Issue of OTN

             (2)  The Authority may, by written notice given to the person, issue an OTN to the person.

46  Surrender of OTN

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a person is the holder of an OTN.

Surrender

             (2)  The person may, with the written consent of the Authority, surrender the OTN.

             (3)  The surrender takes effect when the consent is given by the Authority.

             (4)  The Authority must not give consent to the surrender of the OTN unless the Authority is satisfied that the person is not required, and is unlikely to be required, by this Act to quote the OTN in relation to the supply to the person of an amount of:

                     (a)  eligible upstream fuel; or

                     (b)  synthetic greenhouse gas.

47  Cancellation of OTN

             (1)  If a person holds an OTN, the Authority may, by written notice given to the person, cancel the OTN.

             (2)  The Authority must not cancel a person’s OTN under subsection (1) unless the Authority is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the person is not required or permitted, and is unlikely to be required or permitted, by this Act to quote the OTN in relation to the supply to the person of an amount of:

                              (i)  eligible upstream fuel; or

                             (ii)  synthetic greenhouse gas; or

                     (b)  the person has breached this Act or an associated provision.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a person has ceased to exist; and

                     (b)  immediately before the person ceased to exist, the person held an OTN;

the Authority must cancel the OTN.

48  OTN is not transferable

                   An OTN is not transferable.

49  OTN Register

             (1)  The Authority must keep a register, to be known as the OTN Register.

             (2)  The OTN Register is to be maintained by electronic means.

             (3)  The OTN Register is to be made available for inspection on the Authority’s website.

Entry for an OTN

             (4)  If an OTN is issued to a person, the Authority must make an entry for the OTN in the OTN Register.

             (5)  An entry for a person’s OTN must set out:

                     (a)  the name of the person; and

                     (b)  the person’s address last known to the Authority.

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  there is an entry for a person’s OTN in the OTN Register; and

                     (b)  the person changes the person’s name or address;

the Authority may make the appropriate alteration to the entry.

Removal of entry for an OTN

             (7)  If an OTN is surrendered or cancelled, the Authority must remove the entry for the OTN from the OTN Register.

50  Evidentiary provisions

             (1)  The Authority may supply a copy of or extract from the OTN Register certified by an official of the Authority to be a true copy or true extract, as the case may be.

             (2)  The certified copy or extract is admissible in evidence in all courts and proceedings without further proof or production of the original.

             (3)  The Authority may charge a fee specified in the regulations for supplying a copy or extract under subsection (1).

             (4)  A fee specified under subsection (3) must not be such as to amount to taxation.

50A  Notification of change of name or address of OTN holder

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  there is an entry for a person’s OTN in the OTN Register; and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  there is a change in the name of the person; or

                             (ii)  there is a change to the person’s address as set out in the OTN Register;

the person must, within 14 days after the change, notify the Authority, in writing, of the change.

Civil penalty provision

             (2)  Subsection (1) is a civil penalty provision.

Note:          Part 21 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.

Subdivision BMethods of quotation of obligation transfer numbers

51  Quotation of OTN

                   If a person (the OTN holder) is the holder of an OTN, the OTN holder quotes the OTN to another person (the supplier) in relation to:

                     (a)  a particular supply of eligible upstream fuel by the supplier to the OTN holder; or

                     (b)  a particular supply of synthetic greenhouse gas by the supplier to the OTN holder;

if:

                     (c)  both:

                              (i)  the OTN holder has made a one‑off quotation of the OTN to the supplier in relation to the supply; and

                             (ii)  the quotation has not been withdrawn before the supply occurred; or

                     (d)  all of the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  the OTN holder has made a standing quotation of the OTN to the supplier in relation to a class of supplies;

                             (ii)  the supply is included in that class;

                            (iii)  the quotation has not been withdrawn before the supply occurred.

Note 1:       For one‑off quotation, see section 51A.

Note 2:       For standing quotation, see section 51B.

51A  One‑off quotation of OTN

One‑off quotation

             (1)  If a person (the OTN holder) holds an OTN, the OTN holder makes a one‑off quotation of the OTN to another person (the supplier) in relation to:

                     (a)  a particular supply of eligible upstream fuel by the supplier to the OTN holder; or

                     (b)  a particular supply of synthetic greenhouse gas by the supplier to the OTN holder;

if:

                     (c)  the OTN holder makes a statement to the supplier in connection with the supply; and

                     (d)  the statement is in writing; and

                     (e)  the statement sets out:

                              (i)  the words “quotation of OTN” followed by the OTN; and

                             (ii)  the name of the OTN holder; and

                            (iii)  if the OTN holder has an ABN—the ABN; and

                            (iv)  a description of the supply; and

                             (v)  an indication as to whether the quotation is a mandatory quotation or a voluntary quotation; and

                            (vi)  such other information (if any) as is specified in the regulations.

Note 1:       For example, if the first person’s OTN is 123456, a statement could include the words “quotation of OTN 123456”.

Note 2:       See also sections 65 and 66 (rejection of quotation of OTN).

Note 3:       See also section 66A (unauthorised mandatory quotation of OTN).

             (2)  A statement under subsection (1) may be included in a contract, order or similar document, whether or not in electronic form.

51B  Standing quotation of OTN

Standing quotation

             (1)  If a person (the OTN holder) holds an OTN, the OTN holder makes a standing quotation of the OTN to another person (the supplier) in relation to:

                     (a)  a particular class of supplies of eligible upstream fuel by the supplier to the OTN holder; or

                     (b)  a particular class of supplies of synthetic greenhouse gas by the supplier to the OTN holder;

if:

                     (c)  the OTN holder makes a statement to the supplier in connection with the class of supplies; and

                     (d)  the statement is in writing; and

                     (e)  the statement sets out:

                              (i)  the words “quotation of OTN” followed by the OTN; and

                             (ii)  the name of the OTN holder; and

                            (iii)  if the OTN holder has an ABN—the ABN; and

                            (iv)  a description of the class of supplies; and

                             (v)  an indication as to whether the quotation is a mandatory quotation or a voluntary quotation; and

                            (vi)  such other information (if any) as is specified in the regulations.

Note 1:       For example, if the first person’s OTN is 123456, a statement could include the words “quotation of OTN 123456”.

Note 2:       See also sections 65 and 66 (rejection of quotation of OTN).

Note 3:       See also section 66A (unauthorised mandatory quotation of OTN).

             (2)  A statement under subsection (1) may be included in a contract, order or similar document, whether or not in electronic form.

51BA  Withdrawal of quotation of OTN if OTN is cancelled or surrendered

One‑off quotation

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person has made a one‑off quotation of the person’s OTN to a supplier; and

                     (b)  the OTN is cancelled or surrendered;

the one‑off quotation is taken to have been withdrawn when the cancellation or surrender takes effect.

Standing quotation

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person has made a standing quotation of the person’s OTN to a supplier; and

                     (b)  the OTN is cancelled or surrendered;

the standing quotation is taken to have been withdrawn when the cancellation or surrender takes effect.

51C  Withdrawal of standing quotation of OTN by OTN holder

                   If:

                     (a)  a person (the OTN holder) has made a standing quotation of the OTN holder’s OTN to a supplier in relation to a class of supplies; and

                     (b)  the OTN holder ceases to be required or permitted by this Act to quote the OTN holder’s OTN in relation to those supplies;

the OTN holder may, by written notice given to the supplier, withdraw the standing quotation of the OTN.

51D  Withdrawal of quotation of OTN by agreement

                   If:

                     (a)  a person (the OTN holder) has made a standing quotation of the OTN holder’s OTN to a supplier; and

                     (b)  the supplier agrees to the withdrawal of the standing quotation;

the OTN holder may, by written notice given to the supplier, withdraw the standing quotation.

51E  Validation of quotation of OTN

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person (the OTN holder) has purported to quote a number as the OTN holder’s OTN to another person (the supplier) in relation to the supply of:

                              (i)  eligible upstream fuel; or

                             (ii)  synthetic greenhouse gas; and

                     (b)  the purported quotation was due to an honest mistake; and

                     (c)  the Authority is satisfied that it would be reasonable to validate the quotation;

the Authority may, by writing, determine that this Act (other than this section) has, and is taken always to have had, effect as if the OTN holder had quoted the OTN holder’s OTN in relation to the supply.

             (2)  The Authority must give a copy of the determination to:

                     (a)  the OTN holder; and

                     (b)  the supplier.

             (3)  A determination made under subsection (1) is not a legislative instrument.

51F  Effect of surrender or cancellation of OTN—grace period for standing quotation

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a person’s OTN is surrendered or cancelled; and

                     (b)  immediately before the surrender or cancellation took effect, a standing quotation of the person’s OTN was in effect in relation to a class of supplies; and

                     (c)  the standing quotation had been acknowledged by the supplier to whom the quotation was made.

Grace period

             (2)  This Act has effect, in relation to a supply that:

                     (a)  is included in the class of supplies; and

                     (b)  occurs during the 7‑day period beginning when the surrender or cancellation took effect;

as if the person had:

                     (c)  held an OTN; and

                     (d)  quoted the OTN in relation to the supply;

unless, before the time of the supply, the person had notified the supplier of the surrender or cancellation.

51G  Effect of surrender or cancellation of OTN—grace period for one‑off quotation

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a person’s OTN is surrendered or cancelled; and

                     (b)  immediately before the surrender or cancellation took effect, a one‑off quotation of the person’s OTN was in effect in relation to a supply; and

                     (c)  the one‑off quotation had been acknowledged by the supplier to whom the quotation was made.

Grace period

             (2)  If the supply occurs during the 7‑day period beginning when the surrender or cancellation took effect, this Act has effect, in relation to the supply, as if the person had:

                     (a)  held an OTN; and

                     (b)  quoted the OTN in relation to the supply;

unless, before the time of the supply, the person had notified the supplier of the surrender or cancellation.

Subdivision CMandatory quotation of obligation transfer numbers

52  Mandatory quotation of OTN—large user of eligible upstream fuel

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, a person supplies an amount of a particular type of eligible upstream fuel (other than liquid petroleum fuel) to another person (the recipient); and

                    (aa)  the supply was not out of a prescribed wholesale gas market; and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  a facility was under the operational control of the recipient throughout the previous financial year; or

                             (ii)  a facility was under the operational control of the recipient for a number of, but not all, days in the previous financial year (the control days); and

                     (c)  the fuel is for use in the facility; and

                     (d)  so much of the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of the facility:

                              (i)  if subparagraph (b)(i) applies—during the previous financial year; or

                             (ii)  if subparagraph (b)(ii) applies—during the control days;

                            as is attributable to the combustion of that type of eligible upstream fuel has a carbon dioxide equivalence of at least:

                            (iii)  if subparagraph (b)(i) applies—25,000 tonnes; or

                            (iv)  if subparagraph (b)(ii) applies—the amount worked out using the formula:

the recipient must quote the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply.

Ancillary contraventions

             (2)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (1).

Civil penalty provisions

             (3)  Subsections (1) and (2) are civil penalty provisions.

Note:          Part 21 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.

Liability transfer certificate

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, if a person (the certificate holder) was the holder of a liability transfer certificate in relation to a facility on a particular day:

                     (a)  the facility is taken to have been under the operational control of the certificate holder on that day; and

                     (b)  the facility is taken not to have been under the operational control of any other person on that day.

53  Mandatory quotation of OTN—re‑supplier of natural gas

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, a person supplies an amount of natural gas to another person (the recipient); and

                    (aa)  the supply was not out of a prescribed wholesale gas market; and

                     (b)  the recipient carries on a business of re‑supplying natural gas;

the recipient must quote the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply.

Ancillary contraventions

             (2)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (1).

Civil penalty provisions

             (3)  Subsections (1) and (2) are civil penalty provisions.

Note:          Part 21 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.

54  Mandatory quotation of OTN—liquid petroleum gas marketer

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, a person supplies an amount of liquid petroleum gas to another person (the recipient); and

                     (b)  the recipient is a liquid petroleum gas marketer;

the recipient must quote the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply.

Ancillary contraventions

             (2)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (1).

Civil penalty provisions

             (3)  Subsections (1) and (2) are civil penalty provisions.

Note:          Part 21 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.

55  Mandatory quotation of OTN—use of certain fuels as a feedstock

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, a person supplies an amount of any of the following types of eligible upstream fuel to another person (the recipient):

                              (i)  liquid petroleum gas;

                             (ii)  refinery grade propene (propylene);

                            (iii)  ethane; and

                     (b)  the recipient carries on a business that involves using the fuel as a feedstock;

the recipient must quote the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply.

Ancillary contraventions

             (2)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (1).

Civil penalty provisions

             (3)  Subsections (1) and (2) are civil penalty provisions.

Note:          Part 21 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.

Subdivision DVoluntary quotation of obligation transfer numbers

56  Voluntary quotation of OTN—large user of eligible upstream fuel

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, a person supplies an amount of eligible upstream fuel to another person (the recipient); and

                    (aa)  the supply was not out of a prescribed wholesale gas market; and

                     (b)  at the time of the supply, a facility is under the operational control of the recipient; and

                     (c)  so much of the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of the facility during the previous eligible financial year as is attributable to the combustion of any one type of eligible upstream fuel has a carbon dioxide equivalence of at least the number of tonnes specified in the regulations;

the recipient may quote the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, a person supplies an amount of eligible upstream fuel to another person (the recipient); and

                    (aa)  the supply was not out of a prescribed wholesale gas market; and

                     (b)  at the time of the supply, a facility is under the operational control of the recipient; and

                     (c)  the recipient is an approved person for the purposes of the application of this subsection to the eligible financial year;

the recipient may quote the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply.

Note:          For approved person, see subsection (6).

Approved person

             (3)  A person may apply to the Authority to be an approved person for the purposes of the application of subsection (2) to a specified eligible financial year.

             (4)  An application must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  be in a form approved, in writing, by the Authority; and

                     (c)  be accompanied by such information as is specified in the regulations; and

                     (d)  be accompanied by such documents (if any) as are specified in the regulations.

             (5)  The approved form of application may provide for verification by statutory declaration of statements in applications.

             (6)  After considering an application under subsection (3), the Authority may, by written notice given to the applicant, declare that the applicant is an approved person for the purposes of the application of subsection (2) to the eligible financial year specified in the application.

             (7)  The Authority must not declare the applicant is an approved person for the purposes of the application of subsection (2) to an eligible financial year unless the Authority is satisfied that it is likely that so much of the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted from the operation of the facility during the eligible financial year as is attributable to the combustion of eligible upstream fuel will have a carbon dioxide equivalence of least the number of tonnes specified in the regulations.

             (8)  If the Authority decides to refuse to approve the applicant, the Authority must give written notice of the decision to the applicant.

Liability transfer certificate

             (9)  For the purposes of this section, if a person (the certificate holder) was the holder of a liability transfer certificate in relation to a facility on a particular day:

                     (a)  the facility is taken to have been under the operational control of the certificate holder on that day; and

                     (b)  the facility is taken not to have been under the operational control of any other person on that day.

58  Voluntary quotation of OTN—use of fuel in manufacturing other products etc.

                   If:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, a person supplies an amount of eligible upstream fuel to another person (the recipient); and

                    (aa)  the supply was not out of a prescribed wholesale gas market; and

                     (b)  the recipient carries on:

                              (i)  a business that involves using the fuel (otherwise than by way of combustion) to manufacture a product; or

                             (ii)  a business that involves consuming the fuel (otherwise than by way of combustion);

the recipient may quote the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply.

59  Voluntary quotation of OTN—transformation of fuel

                   If:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, a person supplies an amount of eligible upstream fuel to another person (the recipient); and

                    (aa)  the supply was not out of a prescribed wholesale gas market; and

                     (b)  the recipient carries on a business that involves the recognised transformation of the fuel into another type of eligible upstream fuel;

the recipient may quote the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply.

60  Voluntary quotation of OTN—export or re‑supply of eligible upstream fuel

                   If:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, a person supplies an amount of eligible upstream fuel to another person (the recipient); and

                    (aa)  the supply was not out of a prescribed wholesale gas market; and

                     (b)  the recipient carries on a business that involves exporting or re‑supplying eligible upstream fuel;

the recipient may quote the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply.

63  Voluntary quotation of OTN—re‑supply of synthetic greenhouse gas

                   If:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, a person supplies an amount of synthetic greenhouse gas to another person (the recipient); and

                     (b)  the recipient carries on a business of re‑supplying synthetic greenhouse gas; and

                     (c)  the amount of synthetic greenhouse gas mentioned in paragraph (a) is to be re‑supplied by the recipient during that or a later eligible financial year to a third person who is:

                              (i)  permitted by another application of this section to quote the third person’s OTN in relation to the re‑supply; or

                             (ii)  permitted by section 64 to quote the third person’s OTN in relation to the re‑supply;

the recipient may quote the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply mentioned in paragraph (a).

64  Voluntary quotation of OTN—export or re‑supply of synthetic greenhouse gas

                   If:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, a person supplies an amount of synthetic greenhouse gas to another person (the recipient); and

                     (b)  the recipient carries on a business that involves exporting synthetic greenhouse gas; and

                     (c)  the amount of synthetic greenhouse gas mentioned in paragraph (a) is to be exported or re‑supplied by the recipient during that or a later eligible financial year;

the recipient may quote the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply mentioned in paragraph (a).

64AA  Voluntary quotation of OTN—use of synthetic greenhouse gas as a feedstock

                   If:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, a person supplies an amount of synthetic greenhouse gas to another person (the recipient); and

                     (b)  the recipient carries on a business that involves using the gas as a feedstock;

the recipient may quote the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply.

Subdivision EGeneral provisions

64A  Acknowledgement of one‑off quotation of OTN

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a person (the OTN holder) makes a one‑off quotation of the OTN holder’s OTN to another person (the supplier) in relation to a particular supply.

Acknowledgement of quotation of OTN

             (2)  If the OTN holder is required by this Act to quote the OTN holder’s OTN in relation to the supply, the supplier must, by written notice given to the OTN holder, acknowledge the quotation.

             (3)  If the OTN holder is permitted (but not required) by this Act to quote the OTN holder’s OTN in relation to the supply, the supplier may, by written notice given to the OTN holder, acknowledge the quotation unless the quotation is rejected under section 66.

             (4)  If the supplier does not acknowledge the quotation, this Act (other than this section) has effect as if the OTN holder had not quoted the OTN holder’s OTN in relation to the supply.

64B  Acknowledgement of standing quotation of OTN

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a person (the OTN holder) makes a standing quotation of the OTN holder’s OTN to another person (the supplier) in relation to a particular class of supplies.

Acknowledgement of quotation of OTN

             (2)  If the OTN holder is required by this Act to quote the OTN holder’s OTN in relation to each supply included in the class of supplies, the supplier must, by written notice given to the OTN holder, acknowledge the quotation.

             (3)  If the OTN holder is permitted (but not required) by this Act to quote the OTN holder’s OTN in relation to each supply included in the class of supplies, the supplier may, by written notice given to the OTN holder, acknowledge the quotation.

             (4)  If the supplier does not acknowledge the quotation, this Act (other than this section) has effect as if the OTN holder had not quoted the OTN holder’s OTN in relation to each supply included in the class of supplies.

65  Rejection of quotation of OTN—re‑supply of eligible upstream fuel

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  during an eligible financial year, a person supplies an amount of eligible upstream fuel to another person (the second person) who does not quote the second person’s OTN in relation to the supply; and

                     (b)  during that or a later eligible financial year, the second person re‑supplies the whole or a part of that amount to a third person; and

                     (c)  the third person quotes the third person’s OTN in relation to the re‑supply; and

                     (d)  the third person is permitted, but not required, by this Act to quote the third person’s OTN in relation to the re‑supply.

Rejection of quotation

             (2)  The second person must, in accordance with the regulations, reject the quotation of the third person’s OTN to the extent to which it relates to the re‑supply.

             (3)  If the quotation of the third person’s OTN is rejected, this Act (other than this section and sections 67 and 304) has effect as if the third person had not quoted the third person’s OTN in relation to the re‑supply.

Ancillary contraventions

             (4)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (2); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (2); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (2); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (2).

Civil penalty provisions

             (5)  Subsections (2) and (4) are civil penalty provisions.

Note:          Part 21 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.

66  Rejection of voluntary quotation of OTN

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a person (the supplier) supplies an amount of:

                              (i)  eligible upstream fuel; or

                             (ii)  synthetic greenhouse gas;

                            to another person (the recipient); and

                     (b)  the recipient makes a one‑off quotation of the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply; and

                     (c)  the recipient is not required to quote the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply.

Rejection of quotation

             (2)  The supplier may, in accordance with the regulations, reject the quotation of the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply.

             (3)  If the quotation of the recipient’s OTN is rejected, this Act (other than this section and sections 67 and 304) has effect as if the recipient had not quoted the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply.

66A  Unauthorised mandatory quotation of OTN

One‑off quotation

             (1)  If a person makes a one‑off quotation of the person’s OTN in relation to a supply, the person must not include in the quotation an indication that the quotation is a mandatory quotation unless the person is or will be required by this Act to quote the person’s OTN in relation to the supply.

Standing quotation

             (2)  If a person makes a standing quotation of the person’s OTN in relation to a class of supplies, the person must not include in the quotation an indication that the quotation is a mandatory quotation unless the person is or will be required by this Act to quote the person’s OTN in relation to each supply included in the class of supplies.

Ancillary contraventions

             (3)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (1) or (2); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (1) or (2); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (1) or (2); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (1) or (2).

Civil penalty provisions

             (4)  Subsections (1), (2) and (3) are civil penalty provisions.

Note:          Part 21 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.

67  Misuse of OTN

             (1)  A person must not quote the person’s OTN in relation to the supply of:

                     (a)  eligible upstream fuel; or

                     (b)  synthetic greenhouse gas;

unless the person is required or permitted to do so by this Act.

Ancillary contraventions

             (2)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (1).

Civil penalty provisions

             (3)  Subsections (1) and (2) are civil penalty provisions.

Note:          Part 21 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.

Consequences of misuse of OTN

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  a person quotes the person’s OTN in relation to the supply of:

                              (i)  eligible upstream fuel; or

                             (ii)  synthetic greenhouse gas; and

                     (b)  the quotation breaches subsection (1); and

                     (c)  the quotation was not rejected by the person who supplied the fuel or gas;

the following provisions have effect:

                     (d)  the breach does not affect the validity of any transaction;

                     (e)  this Part (other than this section and sections 29 and 40) has effect as if the quotation had been authorised under this Act.

Note:          See also sections 29 and 40.

68  Quotation of bogus OTN

Quotation of bogus OTN

             (1)  A person must not purport to quote a number as the person’s OTN in relation to the supply of:

                     (a)  eligible upstream fuel; or

                     (b)  synthetic greenhouse gas;

if the number is not the person’s OTN.

             (2)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (1); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (1).

Supply to a person who quotes a bogus OTN

             (3)  A person must not supply:

                     (a)  eligible upstream fuel; or

                     (b)  synthetic greenhouse gas;

to another person (the recipient) if:

                     (c)  the recipient purports to quote a number as the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply; and

                     (d)  the number is not shown in the OTN Register as the recipient’s OTN.

             (4)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (3); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (3); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (3); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (3).

Civil penalty provisions

             (5)  Subsections (1), (2), (3) and (4) are civil penalty provisions.

Note:          Part 21 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.


 

Division 6Liability transfer certificates

Subdivision ATransfer of liability to another member of a controlling corporation’s group

69  Category A transfer test

                   A company passes the category A transfer test in relation to a facility if:

                     (a)  the company is a member of a controlling corporation’s group; and

                     (b)  the company is registered as a company under Part 2A.2 of the Corporations Act 2001; and

                     (c)  the facility is under the operational control of a member of the group (other than the controlling corporation).

70  Application for liability transfer certificate

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a company passes the category A transfer test in relation to a facility.

Application

             (2)  The company may, with the written consent of the controlling corporation mentioned in section 69, apply to the Authority for the issue to the company of a liability transfer certificate in relation to the facility.

Form of application

             (3)  An application must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  be in a form approved, in writing, by the Authority; and

                     (c)  be accompanied by:

                              (i)  the consent of the controlling corporation mentioned in section 69 to the making of the application; and

                             (ii)  such information as is specified in the regulations; and

                            (iii)  such documents (if any) as are specified in the regulations.

             (4)  The approved form of application may provide for verification by statutory declaration of statements in applications.

71  Further information

             (1)  The Authority may, by written notice given to an applicant, require the applicant to give the Authority, within the period specified in the notice, further information in connection with the application.

             (2)  If the applicant breaches the requirement, the Authority may, by written notice given to the applicant:

                     (a)  refuse to consider the application; or

                     (b)  refuse to take any action, or any further action, in relation to the application.

72  Issue of liability transfer certificate

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an application under section 70 has been made for a liability transfer certificate in relation to a facility.

Issue of certificate

             (2)  After considering the application, the Authority may issue to the applicant a liability transfer certificate in relation to the facility.

Criteria for issue of certificate

             (3)  The Authority must not issue the liability transfer certificate unless the Authority is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the applicant passes the category A transfer test in relation to the facility; and

                     (b)  the applicant has, and is likely to continue to have:

                              (i)  the capacity; and

                             (ii)  the access to information; and

                            (iii)  the financial resources;

                            necessary for it to comply with obligations that will be imposed on the applicant by the following laws:

                            (iv)  this Act;

                             (v)  the regulations;

                            (vi)  the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007;

                            if the certificate is issued; and

                     (c)  if the regulations specify one or more other requirements—those requirements are met.

Timing

             (4)  The Authority must take all reasonable steps to ensure that a decision is made on the application:

                     (a)  if the Authority requires the applicant to give further information under subsection 71(1) in relation to the application—within 90 days after the applicant gave the Authority the information; or

                     (b)  otherwise—within 90 days after the application was made.

Refusal

             (5)  If the Authority decides to refuse to issue the liability transfer certificate, the Authority must give written notice of the decision to the applicant.

Subdivision BTransfer of liability to a person who has financial control of a facility

73  Category B transfer test

                   A person (the first person) passes the category B transfer test in relation to a facility if:

                     (a)  the facility is under the operational control of another person (the operator); and

                     (b)  the first person has financial control over the facility; and

                     (c)  the first person is not an individual; and

                     (d)  the first person is not a foreign person; and

                     (e)  if the first person is a member of a controlling corporation’s group—the operator is not a member of the group.

Note:          For financial control, see section 81.

74  Application for liability transfer certificate

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a person passes the category B transfer test in relation to a facility.

Application

             (2)  The person may apply to the Authority for the issue to the person of a liability transfer certificate in relation to the facility.

          (2A)  The person is not entitled to make an application unless the person has the written consent of:

                     (a)  if the person who has operational control over the facility:

                              (i)  is a member of a controlling corporation’s group; and

                             (ii)  is not the controlling corporation;

                            the controlling corporation; or

                     (b)  otherwise—the person who has operational control over the facility.

             (3)  If the person:

                     (a)  is a member of a controlling corporation’s group; and

                     (b)  is not the controlling corporation of the group;

the person is not entitled to make an application unless the person has the written consent of the controlling corporation of the group.

Form of application

             (4)  An application must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  be in a form approved, in writing, by the Authority; and

                     (c)  be accompanied by:

                              (i)  if paragraph (2A)(a) applies—the consent of the controlling corporation mentioned in paragraph (2A)(a) to the making of the application; and

                             (ii)  if paragraph (2A)(b) applies—the consent of the person mentioned in paragraph (2A)(b) to the making of the application; and

                            (iii)  if subsection (3) applies—the consent of the controlling corporation mentioned in subsection (3) to the making of the application; and

                            (iv)  such information as is specified in the regulations; and

                             (v)  such documents (if any) as are specified in the regulations.

             (5)  The approved form of application may provide for verification by statutory declaration of statements in applications.

75  Further information

             (1)  The Authority may, by written notice given to an applicant, require the applicant to give the Authority, within the period specified in the notice, further information in connection with the application.

             (2)  If the applicant breaches the requirement, the Authority may, by written notice given to the applicant:

                     (a)  refuse to consider the application; or

                     (b)  refuse to take any action, or any further action, in relation to the application.

76  Issue of liability transfer certificate

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an application under section 74 has been made for a liability transfer certificate in relation to a facility.

Issue of certificate

             (2)  After considering the application, the Authority may issue to the applicant a liability transfer certificate in relation to the facility.

Criteria for issue of certificate

             (3)  The Authority must not issue the liability transfer certificate unless the Authority is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the applicant passes the category B transfer test in relation to the facility; and

                     (b)  the applicant has, and is likely to continue to have:

                              (i)  the capacity; and

                             (ii)  the access to information; and

                            (iii)  the financial resources;

                            necessary for it to comply with obligations that will be imposed on the applicant by the following laws:

                            (iv)  this Act;

                             (v)  the regulations;

                            (vi)  the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007;

                            if the certificate is issued; and

                     (c)  if the regulations specify one or more other requirements—those requirements are met.

Timing

             (4)  The Authority must take all reasonable steps to ensure that a decision is made on the application:

                     (a)  if the Authority requires the applicant to give further information under subsection 75(1) in relation to the application—within 90 days after the applicant gave the Authority the information; or

                     (b)  otherwise—within 90 days after the application was made.

Refusal

             (5)  If the Authority decides to refuse to issue the liability transfer certificate, the Authority must give written notice of the decision to the applicant.

Subdivision COther provisions

77  Duration of liability transfer certificate

             (1)  A liability transfer certificate comes into force on the day specified in the certificate as the day on which the certificate is to come into force (the start day).

             (2)  The start day may be earlier than the day on which the certificate is issued, so long as:

                     (a)  the start day occurs in the same financial year as the day on which the certificate is issued; and

                     (b)  each of the following has consented to the specification of the start day:

                              (i)  the applicant;

                             (ii)  in the case of a certificate issued under section 72, where a controlling corporation consented under subsection 70(2) to the making of the application for the certificate—the controlling corporation;

                            (iii)  in the case of a certificate issued under section 76, where a controlling corporation consented under paragraph 74(2A)(a) to the making of the application for the certificate—the controlling corporation;

                            (iv)  in the case of a certificate issued under section 76, where a person consented under paragraph 74(2A)(b) to the making of the application for the certificate—the person;

                             (v)  in the case of a certificate issued under section 76, where a controlling corporation consented under subsection 74(3) to the making of the application for the certificate—the controlling corporation.

             (3)  A liability transfer certificate issued remains in force indefinitely.

             (4)  Subsection (3) has effect subject to this Division.

78  Surrender of liability transfer certificate

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a person is the holder of a liability transfer certificate in relation to a facility.

Surrender

             (2)  The person may, with the written consent of the Authority, surrender the certificate.

             (3)  The surrender takes effect when the consent is given by the Authority.

Consent to surrender

             (4)  The Authority must not consent to the surrender of the certificate unless:

                     (a)  in the case of a certificate issued under section 72, where a controlling corporation consented under subsection 70(2) to the making of the application for the certificate—the controlling corporation has agreed to the surrender of the certificate; and

                     (b)  in the case of a certificate issued under section 76, where a controlling corporation consented under paragraph 74(2A)(a) to the making of the application for the certificate—the controlling corporation has agreed to the surrender of the certificate; and

                     (c)  in the case of a certificate issued under section 76, where a person consented under paragraph 74(2A)(b) to the making of the application for the certificate—the person has agreed to the surrender of the certificate; and

                     (d)  either:

                              (i)  the certificate has been in force for at least 4 years; or

                             (ii)  the certificate has been in force for less than 4 years, but the Authority is satisfied that there are special circumstances that warrant the giving of consent to the surrender of the certificate.

79  Cancellation of liability transfer certificate

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a person is the holder of a liability transfer certificate in relation to a facility.

Cancellation

             (2)  The Authority must, by written notice given to the person, cancel the certificate if:

                     (a)  in a case where the certificate was issued under section 72 to a company—the Authority is satisfied that:

                              (i)  the company does not pass the category A transfer test in relation to the facility; or

                             (ii)  if a controlling corporation of a group consented under subsection 70(2) to the making of the application for the certificate—the company is not a member of the group; or

                            (iii)  an amount payable by the company under section 133 remains unpaid more than 30 days after it became due for payment; or

                            (iv)  the company has become an externally‑administered body corporate (within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001); or

                             (v)  if the regulations specify one or more other grounds for cancellation—at least one of those grounds is applicable to the company; or

                     (b)  in a case where the certificate was issued under section 76 to a person—the Authority is satisfied that:

                              (i)  the person does not pass the category B transfer test in relation to the facility concerned; or

                             (ii)  an amount payable by the person under section 133 remains unpaid more than 30 days after it became due for payment; or

                            (iii)  the person has become an externally‑administered body corporate (within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001); or

                            (iv)  if the regulations specify one or more other grounds for cancellation—at least one of those grounds is applicable to the person.

80  Liability transfer certificate is not transferable

                   A liability transfer certificate is not transferable.

81  Financial control

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, if a person (the operator) has operational control over a facility, another person (the second person) has financial control over the facility if:

                     (a)  under a contract between:

                              (i)  the operator; and

                             (ii)  the second person;

                            the operator operates the facility on behalf of the second person; or

                     (b)  under a contract between:

                              (i)  the operator; and

                             (ii)  the second person and one or more other persons;

                            the operator operates the facility on behalf of the second person and those other persons; or

                     (c)  the second person is able to control the trading or financial relationships of the operator in relation to the facility; or

                    (ca)  the second person has the economic benefits from the facility; or

                    (cb)  all of the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  the second person is a participant in a joint venture;

                             (ii)  there is one other participant in the joint venture;

                            (iii)  the second person shares the economic benefits from the facility with the other participant;

                            (iv)  the second person’s share equals or exceeds the share of the other participant; or

                    (cc)  all of the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  the second person is a participant in a joint venture;

                             (ii)  there are 2 or more other participants in the joint venture;

                            (iii)  the second person shares the economic benefits from the facility with the other participants;

                            (iv)  no other participant has a share that exceeds the share of the second person; or

                    (cd)  all of the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  the second person is a partner in a partnership;

                             (ii)  there is one other partner in the partnership;

                            (iii)  the second person shares the economic benefits from the facility with the other partner;

                            (iv)  the second person’s share equals or exceeds the share of the other partner; or

                     (d)  all of the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  the second person is a partner in a partnership;

                             (ii)  there are 2 or more other partners in the partnership;

                            (iii)  the second person shares the economic benefits from the facility with the other partners;

                            (iv)  no other partner has a share that exceeds the share of the second person; or

                     (e)  the second person is able to direct or sell the output of the facility; or

                      (f)  under the regulations, the second person is taken to have financial control over the facility.

             (2)  In determining whether the second person has that financial control, regard must be had to the economic and commercial substance of the matters mentioned in subsection (1).


 

Part 4Emissions units

Division 1Introduction

82  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      The Authority may issue Australian emissions units.

•      Most Australian emissions units will be issued as the result of an auction.

•      Some Australian emissions units may be issued free of charge or for a fixed charge.

•      The national scheme cap limits:

               (a)     the total number of auctioned Australian emissions units; and

               (b)     the total number of free Australian emissions units issued in accordance with the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program; and

               (c)     the total number of free Australian emissions units issued in accordance with Part 9 (coal‑fired electricity generation).

•      An Australian emissions unit will have a vintage year that consists of a particular financial year.

•      An Australian emissions unit is generally transferable.

•      Entries may be made in Registry accounts for:

               (a)     Australian emissions units; and

               (b)     Kyoto units; and

               (c)     non‑Kyoto international emissions units.


 

Division 2Australian emissions units

Subdivision AIssue of Australian emissions units

83  Issue of Australian emissions units

                   The Authority may, on behalf of the Commonwealth, issue units, to be known as Australian emissions units.

84  Identification number

                   An Australian emissions unit is to be identified by a unique number, to be known as the identification number of the unit.

85  Vintage year

             (1)  The last 4 digits of an Australian emissions unit’s identification number are to be the digits of:

                     (a)  the calendar year 2012; or

                     (b)  a later calendar year.

             (2)  The vintage year of an Australian emissions unit is the eligible financial year that ends on 30 June in that calendar year.

Note:          For example, if the last 4 digits of an Australian emissions unit’s identification number are 2012, the vintage year of the unit is the eligible financial year that ends on 30 June 2012.

86  When Australian emissions units may be issued

                   The Authority may issue an Australian emissions unit with a particular vintage year at any time before the end of 15 December next following the vintage year.

Note:          For example, the Authority may, at any time before the end of 15 December 2012, issue an Australian emissions unit with the vintage year beginning on 1 July 2011.

87  How Australian emissions units are to be issued

             (1)  The Authority is to issue an Australian emissions unit to a person by making an entry for the unit in a Registry account kept by the person.

             (2)  An entry for an Australian emissions unit in a Registry account is to consist of the identification number of the unit.

             (3)  The Authority must not issue an Australian emissions unit to a person unless the person has a Registry account.

88  Circumstances in which Australian emissions units may be issued

                   The Authority must not issue an Australian emissions unit otherwise than:

                     (a)  as the result of an auction conducted by the Authority; or

                     (b)  in accordance with section 89 (issue of units for a fixed charge); or

                     (c)  in accordance with the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program; or

                     (d)  in accordance with Part 9 (coal‑fired electricity generation); or

                     (e)  in accordance with Part 10 (reforestation); or

                      (f)  in accordance with Part 11 (destruction of synthetic greenhouse gases).

89  Issue of Australian emissions units for a fixed charge

Application

             (1)  During the issue period set out in an item in the following table, a person who has a Registry account may apply to the Authority for the issue to the person of a specified number of Australian emissions units:

                     (a)  with a vintage year set out in the item; and

                     (b)  for the per unit charge set out in the item.

 

Issue of Australian emissions units for a fixed charge

Item

Issue period

Vintage year

Charge per unit

1

The period:

(a) beginning at the emissions number publication time of the person for the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2011; and

(b) ending at the end of 15 December 2012.

the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2011

$10

2

The period:

(a) beginning at the emissions number publication time of the person for the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2012; and

(b) ending at the end of 15 December 2013.

the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2012

$40 multiplied by the indexation factor for the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2011, multiplied by the indexation factor for the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2012

3

The period:

(a) beginning at the emissions number publication time of the person for the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2013; and

(b) ending at the end of 15 December 2014.

the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2013

the amount mentioned in item 2 multiplied by the indexation factor for the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2013

4

The period:

(a) beginning at the emissions number publication time of the person for the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2014; and

(b) ending at the end of 15 December 2015.

the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2014

the amount mentioned in item 3 multiplied by the indexation factor for the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2014

5

The period:

(a) beginning at the emissions number publication time of the person for the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2015; and

(b) ending at the end of 15 December 2016.

the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2015

the amount mentioned in item 4 multiplied by the indexation factor for the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2015

Note 1:       For emissions number publication time, see section 5.

Note 2:       For indexation factor, see subsection (7).

Maximum number of units

             (2)  The number of Australian emissions units specified in the application must not exceed the number worked out using the following formula:

Form of application

             (3)  An application must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  be in a form approved, in writing, by the Authority.

Issue of units

             (4)  If, during an issue period set out in an item in the table in subsection (1):

                     (a)  a person has applied for a specified number of Australian emissions units with a particular vintage year; and

                     (b)  the person has tendered the total amount of the charges payable for the issue of the units;

the Authority must, as soon as practicable, issue to the person that number of Australian emissions units with that vintage year.

Automatic surrender of units

             (5)  If an Australian emissions unit is issued to a person in accordance with this section:

                     (a)  immediately after the issue of the unit, the person is taken to have surrendered the unit; and

                     (b)  the person is taken to have done so by electronic notice transmitted to the Authority under subsection 129(1); and

                     (c)  the notice is taken to have:

                              (i)  specified the unit; and

                             (ii)  specified the vintage year of the unit as the eligible financial year to which the surrender relates; and

                            (iii)  specified the account number of the person’s Registry account in which there is an entry for the unit that is being surrendered.

             (6)  An Australian emissions unit issued to a person in accordance with this section cannot be transferred or relinquished.

Indexation factor

             (7)  For the purposes of this section, the indexation factor for an eligible financial year is the number worked out by:

                     (a)  dividing the index number for the March quarter immediately preceding that eligible financial year by the index number for the March quarter immediately preceding that first‑mentioned March quarter; and

                     (b)  adding 0.050 to the number worked out under paragraph (a).

             (8)  The indexation factor is to be calculated to 3 decimal places (rounding up if the fourth decimal place is 5 or more).

             (9)  Calculations under paragraph (7)(a) are to be made:

                     (a)  using only the index numbers published in terms of the most recently published reference base for the Consumer Price Index; and

                     (b)  disregarding index numbers published in substitution for previously published index numbers (except where the substituted numbers are published to take account of changes in the reference base).

           (10)  For the purposes of this section, the index number in relation to a quarter is the All Groups Consumer Price Index number (excluding volatile items), being the weighted average of the 8 capital cities, published by the Australian Statistician in respect of that quarter.

Publication of fixed charge

           (11)  Before the start of each of the following eligible financial years:

                     (a)  the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2012;

                     (b)  the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2013;

                     (c)  the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2014;

                     (d)  the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2015;

the Authority must publish on its website the per unit charge applicable under subsection (1) for the issue of an Australian emissions unit with a vintage year of that eligible financial year.

90  Payment of charges for the issue of Australian emissions units

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  an amount is payable by a person by way of a charge for the issue to the person of an Australian emissions unit; and

                     (b)  the unit is to be issued:

                              (i)  as the result of an auction; or

                             (ii)  in accordance with section 89 (issue of units for a fixed charge).

Payment of charge

             (2)  The charge is payable to the Authority on behalf of the Commonwealth.

             (3)  The Authority must not issue the unit unless the person pays the charge.

91  Imposition of charges for the issue of Australian emissions units

                   If a charge payable for the issue of an Australian emissions unit is taxation within the meaning of section 55 of the Constitution:

                     (a)  the charge is not imposed by this Act; and

                     (b)  the charge is imposed by whichever of the following Acts is applicable:

                              (i)  the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme (Charges—Customs) Act 2009;

                             (ii)  the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme (Charges—Excise) Act 2009;

                            (iii)  the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme (Charges—General) Act 2009.

92  Issue of Australian emissions units—national scheme cap number

             (1)  The Authority must not issue an Australian emissions unit with a particular vintage year starting on or after 1 July 2012 unless there is a national scheme cap number for that vintage year.

             (2)  Subsection (1) has effect despite any other provision of this Act.

             (3)  Subsection (1) does not apply to an Australian emissions unit with a vintage year beginning on 1 July 2011.

93  Australian emissions units—total number

             (1)  The Authority must ensure that the sum of:

                     (a)  the total number of Australian emissions units with a particular vintage year that are offered at auctions conducted by the Authority; and

                     (b)  the total number of free Australian emissions units with that vintage year issued in accordance with the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program; and

                     (c)  the total number of free Australian emissions units with that vintage year issued in accordance with Part 9 (coal‑fired electricity generation);

equals the national scheme cap number for that vintage year.

             (2)  If an Australian emissions unit is offered at auction on 2 or more occasions, the unit is only counted for the purposes of paragraph (1)(a) on the first of those occasions.

             (3)  Paragraph (1)(a) does not apply to an auction conducted under section 100 or 101.

             (4)  Subsection (1) does not apply to an Australian emissions unit with a vintage year beginning on 1 July 2011.

Subdivision BProperty in, and transfer of, Australian emissions units

94  An Australian emissions unit is personal property

                   An Australian emissions unit is personal property and, subject to sections 96 and 97, is transmissible by assignment, by will and by devolution by operation of law.

95  Transfer of Australian emissions units

                   For the purposes of this Act, if there is an entry for an Australian emissions unit in a Registry account (the first Registry account) kept by a person (the first person):

                     (a)  a transfer of the unit from the first Registry account to a Registry account kept by another person consists of:

                              (i)  the removal of the entry for the unit from the first Registry account; and

                             (ii)  the making of an entry for the unit in the Registry account kept by the other person; and

                     (b)  the transfer of the unit from the first Registry account to another Registry account kept by the first person consists of:

                              (i)  the removal of the entry for the unit from the first Registry account; and

                             (ii)  the making of an entry for the unit in the other Registry account kept by the first person.

96  Transmission of Australian emissions units by assignment

             (1)  A transmission by assignment of an Australian emissions unit is of no force until:

                     (a)  the transferor, by electronic notice transmitted to the Authority, instructs the Authority to transfer the unit from the relevant Registry account kept by the transferor to a Registry account kept by the transferee; and

                     (b)  the Authority complies with that instruction.

             (2)  An instruction under paragraph (1)(a) must set out:

                     (a)  the account number of the transferor’s Registry account; and

                     (b)  the account number of the transferee’s Registry account.

             (3)  If the Authority receives an instruction under paragraph (1)(a), the Authority must comply with the instruction as soon as practicable after receiving it.

             (4)  The Registry must set out a record of each instruction under paragraph (1)(a).

             (5)  If the transferor is the Commonwealth, the Minister may give an instruction under subsection (1) on behalf of the transferor.

97  Transmission of Australian emissions units by operation of law etc.

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an Australian emissions unit is transmitted from a person (the transferor) to another person (the transferee) by any lawful means other than by a transfer under section 96.

Declaration of transmission

             (2)  The transferee must, within 14 days after the transmission, give the Authority:

                     (a)  a declaration of transmission; and

                     (b)  such evidence of transmission as is specified in the regulations.

             (3)  A declaration of transmission must be made in accordance with the regulations.

             (4)  If the transferee does not already have a Registry account, the declaration of transmission must be accompanied by a request under section 147 for the Authority to open a Registry account in the name of the transferee.

             (5)  If the Authority is satisfied that special circumstances warrant the extension of the 14‑day period mentioned in subsection (2), the Authority may extend that period.

Transfer of unit—transferee already has a Registry account

             (6)  If the transferee already has a Registry account, the Authority must, as soon as practicable after receiving the declaration of transmission, transfer the unit from the relevant Registry account kept by the transferor to a Registry account kept by the transferee.

Transfer of unit—transferee does not have a Registry account

             (7)  If:

                     (a)  the transferee does not already have a Registry account; and

                     (b)  in accordance with the request under section 147, the Authority has opened a Registry account in the name of the transferee;

the Authority must, as soon as practicable after opening the Registry account, transfer the unit from the relevant Registry account kept by the transferor to the Registry account kept by the transferee.

Record

             (8)  If the Authority transfers the unit under subsection (6) or (7), the Registry must set out a record of the declaration of transmission.

When the transferee is the Commonwealth

             (9)  If the transferee is the Commonwealth, the Minister may give:

                     (a)  the declaration of transmission; and

                     (b)  the evidence mentioned in paragraph (2)(b);

on behalf of the transferee.

98  Transfer of Australian emissions units to another Registry account held by the transferor

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a person keeps a Registry account (the first Registry account) in which there is an entry for an Australian emissions unit; and

                     (b)  the person, by electronic notice transmitted to the Authority, instructs the Authority to transfer the unit from the first Registry account to another Registry account kept by the person; and

                     (c)  the instruction sets out:

                              (i)  the account number of the first Registry account; and

                             (ii)  the account number of the other Registry account.

Compliance with instruction

             (2)  If a person gives the Authority an instruction under paragraph (1)(b), the Authority must comply with the instruction as soon as practicable after receiving it.

             (3)  The Registry must set out a record of the instruction under paragraph (1)(b).

98A  Equitable interests in relation to an Australian emissions unit

             (1)  This Act does not affect:

                     (a)  the creation of; or

                     (b)  any dealings with; or

                     (c)  the enforcement of;

equitable interests in relation to an Australian emissions unit.

             (2)  Subsection (1) is enacted for the avoidance of doubt.

Subdivision CAuctions of Australian emissions units

99  Issue of Australian emissions units as the result of an auction

                   The Authority may issue Australian emissions units as the result of an auction conducted by the Authority.

100  Secondary market auctions of relinquished Australian emissions units

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if there is an entry for an Australian emissions unit in the Commonwealth relinquished units account.

Authority may auction unit

             (2)  The Authority may, on behalf of the Commonwealth, auction the unit.

101  Secondary market auctions of free Australian emissions units

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a free Australian emissions unit has been issued to a person:

                              (i)  in accordance with the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program; or

                             (ii)  in accordance with Part 9 (coal‑fired electricity generation); or

                            (iii)  in accordance with Part 10 (reforestation); or

                            (iv)  in accordance with Part 11 (destruction of synthetic greenhouse gases); and

                     (b)  the unit has not been transferred; and

                     (c)  the unit has a vintage year of an eligible financial year beginning on or after 1 July 2012.

Authority may auction unit

             (2)  The Authority may, on behalf of the person, auction the unit.

Sunset

             (3)  This section ceases to have effect at the end of 31 December 2013.

102  Combined auctions of Australian emissions units

                   The Authority may conduct an auction under section 100 or 101 in combination with an auction referred to in section 99.

103  Policies, procedures and rules for auctioning Australian emissions units

             (1)  The Authority may, by legislative instrument, determine the policies, procedures and rules that apply in relation to the auctioning of Australian emissions units by the Authority.

             (2)  A determination under subsection (1) may deal with any or all of the following matters:

                     (a)  the types of auction;

                     (b)  the timing of auctions;

                     (c)  advertising of auctions;

                     (d)  participants in auctions;

                     (e)  fees for participants in auctions;

                      (f)  proxy bidding;

                     (g)  representatives of participants in auctions;

                     (h)  the minimum number of Australian emissions units to which a bid may relate;

                      (i)  variation of bids;

                      (j)  the total number of units with a particular vintage year that are to be offered at a particular auction under section 99;

                     (k)  limits on the total number of units with a particular vintage year that may be acquired by a person as a result of a particular auction;

                      (l)  limits on the total number of units with a particular vintage year that may be acquired by the members of a controlling corporation’s group as a result of a particular auction;

                    (m)  reserve prices or charges (if any);

                     (n)  deposits (if any) to be lodged by participants in auctions;

                     (o)  the refund or forfeiture of such deposits;

                     (p)  guarantees (if any) to be given in respect of payment obligations that are incurred by participants in auctions;

                     (q)  timing and methods of payment of prices or charges.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not limit subsection (1).

             (4)  A fee specified under paragraph (2)(e) must not be such as to amount to taxation.

             (5)  A determination under subsection (1) may make provision in relation to a matter by conferring a power to make a decision of an administrative character on the Authority.

             (6)  To avoid doubt, a determination under subsection (1) is taken to be a law for the purposes of section 28 of the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997.

Subdivision DSpecial provisions relating to free Australian emissions units

103A  Cancellation of certain unused free Australian emissions units

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  an Australian emissions unit was issued:

                              (i)  in accordance with the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program; or

                             (ii)  in accordance with Part 9 (coal‑fired electricity generation); and

                     (b)  the unit has a vintage year beginning on 1 July 2011; and

                     (c)  there was an entry for the unit in a person’s Registry account at the end of 15 December 2012.

Cancellation of unit

             (2)  The Authority must cancel the unit.

             (3)  The Authority must remove the entry for the unit from the person’s Registry account.

             (4)  The Registry must set out a record of each cancellation under subsection (2).

103B  Buy‑back of certain free Australian emissions units

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a person is the registered holder of one or more Australian emissions units that:

                     (a)  were issued:

                              (i)  in accordance with the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program; or

                             (ii)  in accordance with Part 9 (coal‑fired electricity generation); and

                     (b)  have a vintage year beginning on 1 July 2011.

Buy‑back

             (2)  During the period:

                     (a)  beginning at the start of 15 July 2011; and

                     (b)  ending at the end of 1 December 2012;

the person may, by electronic notice transmitted to the Authority, request the Authority to cancel the unit or units in exchange for the payment to the person of the amount (the buy‑back amount) worked out using the formula:

             (3)  If the Authority receives a request under subsection (2) from a person in relation to one or more Australian emissions units, the Authority must:

                     (a)  on a day ascertained in accordance with the regulations:

                              (i)  cancel the unit or units; and

                             (ii)  remove the entries for the unit or units from the person’s Registry account in which there is an entry for the unit or units; and

                     (b)  on or as soon as practicable after that day, on behalf of the Commonwealth, pay the buy‑back amount to the person.

             (4)  The Registry must set out a record of each cancellation under subsection (3).

             (5)  The Consolidated Revenue Fund is appropriated for the purposes of making payments under this section.


 

Division 3Kyoto units

104  Entries for Kyoto units

                   An entry for a Kyoto unit in a Registry account is to consist of the serial number of the unit.

105  Issue of Australia’s assigned amount units

Object

             (1)  The object of this section is to provide for the issue of Australia’s assigned amount units for a commitment period.

Issue

             (2)  The Minister may, by written notice given to the Authority, direct the Authority to issue to the Commonwealth, in accordance with the Kyoto rules, a specified number of assigned amount units for a specified commitment period.

             (3)  The Authority must comply with a direction under subsection (2).

             (4)  The Authority is to issue an assigned amount unit by making an entry for the unit in a Commonwealth holding account.

             (5)  This section does not, by implication, affect the validity of the issue of assigned amount units, where the units were issued before the commencement of this section under the executive power of the Commonwealth.

106  Issue of removal units

Object

             (1)  The object of this section is to provide for the issue of Australia’s removal units.

Issue

             (2)  The Minister may, by written notice given to the Authority, direct the Authority to issue to the Commonwealth, in accordance with the Kyoto rules, a specified number of removal units.

             (3)  The Authority must comply with a direction under subsection (2).

             (4)  The Authority is to issue a removal unit by making an entry for the unit in a Commonwealth holding account.

             (5)  This section does not, by implication, affect the validity of the issue of removal units, where the units were issued before the commencement of this section under the executive power of the Commonwealth.

107  Transfer of Kyoto units

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, if there is an entry for a Kyoto unit in a Registry account (the first Registry account) kept by a person (the first person):

                     (a)  a transfer of the unit from the first Registry account to a Registry account kept by another person consists of:

                              (i)  the removal of the entry for the unit from the first Registry account; and

                             (ii)  the making of an entry for the unit in the Registry account kept by the other person; and

                     (b)  the transfer of the unit from the first Registry account to another Registry account kept by the first person consists of:

                              (i)  the removal of the entry for the unit from the first Registry account; and

                             (ii)  the making of an entry for the unit in the other Registry account kept by the first person; and

                     (c)  the transfer of the unit from the first Registry account to a foreign account kept by another person consists of:

                              (i)  the removal of the entry for the unit from the first Registry account; and

                             (ii)  the making of an entry for the unit in the foreign account kept by the other person; and

                     (d)  the transfer of the unit from the first Registry account to a foreign account kept by the first person consists of:

                              (i)  the removal of the entry for the unit from the first Registry account; and

                             (ii)  the making of an entry for the unit in the foreign account kept by the first person.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, if there is an entry for a Kyoto unit in a foreign account, a transfer of the unit from the foreign account to a Registry account consists of:

                     (a)  the removal of the entry for the unit from the foreign account; and

                     (b)  the making of an entry for the unit in the Registry account.

108  Domestic transfers of Kyoto units

             (1)  If a person (the first person) is the registered holder of one or more Kyoto units, the person may, by electronic notice transmitted to the Authority, instruct the Authority to transfer the units from the relevant Registry account kept by the person (the first Registry account) to:

                     (a)  a Registry account kept by another person; or

                     (b)  another Registry account kept by the first person.

             (2)  An instruction under subsection (1) must set out:

                     (a)  the account number of the first Registry account; and

                     (b)  the account number of the Registry account mentioned in paragraph (1)(a) or (b); and

                     (c)  such other information as is specified in the regulations.

Compliance with instruction

             (3)  If the Authority receives an instruction under subsection (1):

                     (a)  if the Authority is satisfied that giving effect to the instruction would breach:

                              (i)  regulations made for the purposes of section 112 (Kyoto rules); or

                             (ii)  regulations made for the purposes of section 114 (commitment period reserve); or

                            (iii)  regulations made for the purposes of section 116A (Commonwealth Registry accounts);

                            the Authority must, by written notice given to the first person, refuse to give effect to the instruction; and

                     (b)  if paragraph (a) does not apply—the Authority must give effect to the instruction as soon as practicable after receiving it.

             (4)  If the Authority gives effect to an instruction under subsection (1), the Registry must set out a record of the instruction.

             (5)  If the first person is the Commonwealth, the Minister may give an instruction under subsection (1) on behalf of the first person.

109  Outgoing international transfers of Kyoto units

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  there is in force a declaration under section 111 that Australia is in compliance with the emissions trading eligibility requirements under the Kyoto rules; and

                     (b)  a person (the first person) is the registered holder of one or more Kyoto units;

the person may, by electronic notice transmitted to the Authority, instruct the Authority to transfer the units from the relevant Registry account kept by the person (the first Registry account) to:

                     (c)  a foreign account kept by another person; or

                     (d)  a foreign account kept by the first person.

             (2)  An instruction under subsection (1) must set out:

                     (a)  the account number of the relevant Registry account kept by the first person; and

                     (b)  such other information as is specified in the regulations.

Compliance with instruction

             (3)  If the Authority receives an instruction under subsection (1):

                     (a)  if the Authority is satisfied that giving effect to the instruction would breach:

                              (i)  regulations made for the purposes of section 112 (Kyoto rules); or

                             (ii)  regulations made for the purposes of section 114 (commitment period reserve);

                            the Authority must, by written notice given to the first person, refuse to give effect to the instruction; and

                     (b)  if paragraph (a) does not apply—the Authority must take such steps as are required by regulations made for the purposes of section 112.

             (4)  Regulations made for the purposes of section 112 may require the Authority to remove the entry for the unit or units from the relevant Registry account.

             (5)  Subsection (4) does not limit section 112.

             (6)  If the Authority takes steps under paragraph (3)(b) in relation to an instruction, the Registry must set out a record of the instruction.

             (7)  If the first person is the Commonwealth, the Minister may give an instruction under subsection (1) on behalf of the first person.

110  Incoming international transfers of Kyoto units

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  there is in force a declaration under section 111 that Australia is in compliance with the emissions trading eligibility requirements under the Kyoto rules; and

                     (b)  the international transaction log forwards to the Authority an instruction for the transfer of a Kyoto unit from a foreign account; and

                     (c)  the Kyoto unit is not specified in the regulations as a unit that cannot be transferred to a Registry account; and

                     (d)  making an entry for the Kyoto unit in the relevant Registry account would not breach regulations made for the purposes of section 112 (Kyoto rules); and

                     (e)  making an entry for the Kyoto unit in the relevant Registry account would not breach regulations made for the purposes of section 116A (Commonwealth Registry accounts);

the Authority must make an entry for the Kyoto unit in the relevant Registry account.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 13(3) of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

             (2)  However, the Authority may refuse to make an entry for the Kyoto unit in the relevant Registry account if the Authority has reasonable grounds to suspect that the instruction is fraudulent.

111  Compliance by Australia with emissions trading eligibility requirements under the Kyoto rules

Declaration

             (1)  If the Minister is satisfied that Australia is in compliance with the eligibility requirements mentioned in paragraph 2 of the Annex to Decision 11/CMP.1 of the Meeting of the Kyoto Parties, the Minister must, by writing, declare that Australia is in compliance with the emissions trading eligibility requirements under the Kyoto rules.

Revocation of declaration

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a declaration is in force under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  the Minister is not satisfied that Australia is in compliance with the eligibility requirements mentioned in paragraph 2 of the Annex to Decision 11/CMP.1 of the Meeting of the Kyoto Parties;

the Minister must, by writing, revoke the declaration.

Declaration or revocation is not a legislative instrument

             (3)  An instrument made under subsection (1) or (2) is not a legislative instrument.

112  Kyoto rules

             (1)  The regulations may make provision for, or in relation to, giving effect to the Kyoto rules, so far as the Kyoto rules relate to:

                     (a)  the transfer of a Kyoto unit from a Registry account to a foreign account; or

                     (b)  the transfer of a Kyoto unit from a foreign account to a Registry account; or

                     (c)  the transfer of a Kyoto unit from a Registry account to a Commonwealth Registry account; or

                     (d)  the issue of a Kyoto unit.

             (2)  Regulations made for the purposes of subsection (1) may:

                     (a)  prevent, restrict or limit the transfer of Kyoto units from a Registry account to:

                              (i)  a foreign account; or

                             (ii)  a voluntary cancellation account; or

                     (b)  prevent, restrict or limit the transfer of Kyoto units from a foreign account to a Registry account.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not limit subsection (1).

113  Carry‑over restrictions

Kyoto units for which carry‑over is permitted

             (1)  The regulations may make provision for, or in relation to, the following matters:

                     (a)  the identification of:

                              (i)  assigned amount units in Registry accounts; or

                             (ii)  certified emission reductions (other than temporary certified emission reductions or long‑term certified emission reductions) in Registry accounts; or

                            (iii)  emission reduction units (other than emission reduction units that have been converted from removal units) in Registry accounts;

                            as Kyoto units for which carry‑over is permitted subject to such limits or restrictions (if any) as are specified in the regulations;

                     (b)  the procedures for the carry‑over of such Kyoto units;

                     (c)  requiring the Authority to transfer from the relevant Registry account to a mandatory cancellation account any such Kyoto units that have not been carried over in accordance with those procedures;

                     (d)  prohibiting the surrender of any or all such Kyoto units during a period ascertained in accordance with the regulations.

Kyoto units for which carry‑over is not permitted

             (2)  The regulations may make provision for, or in relation to, the following matters:

                     (a)  the identification of Kyoto units for which carry‑over is not permitted;

                     (b)  requiring the Authority to transfer from the relevant Registry account to a mandatory cancellation account any such Kyoto units held in the Registry account at a time ascertained in accordance with the regulations;

                     (c)  prohibiting the surrender of any such Kyoto units after a time ascertained in accordance with the regulations.

             (3)  Regulations made for the purposes of paragraph (2)(a) must identify the following units issued in relation to the relevant commitment period as units for which carry‑over is not permitted:

                     (a)  removal units;

                     (b)  temporary certified emission reductions;

                     (c)  long‑term certified emission reductions;

                     (d)  emission reduction units that have been converted from removal units.

Kyoto rules

             (4)  Regulations made for the purposes of this section must not be inconsistent with the Kyoto rules.

114  Commitment period reserve

             (1)  The regulations may make provision for, or in relation to, the management of Australia’s commitment period reserve.

             (2)  Regulations made for the purposes of subsection (1) may prevent, restrict or limit the transfer of Kyoto units from a Registry account to:

                     (a)  a foreign account; or

                     (b)  a voluntary cancellation account.

115  Cancellation of temporary certified emission reductions or long‑term certified emission reductions

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a person is the holder of a Registry account in which there is an entry for a temporary certified emission reduction or a long‑term certified emission reduction; and

                     (b)  the temporary certified emission reduction or long‑term certified emission reduction expires.

Transfer to mandatory cancellation account

             (2)  The Authority must, in accordance with the regulations, transfer the temporary certified emission reduction or long‑term certified emission reduction to a mandatory cancellation account.

116  Replacement of long‑term certified emission reductions

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a person is the holder of a Registry account in which there is an entry for a long‑term certified emission reduction; and

                     (b)  under the regulations, the person is required to replace the long‑term certified emission reduction by a particular time ascertained in accordance with the regulations; and

                     (c)  the person breaches that requirement.

Transfer to mandatory cancellation account

             (2)  The Authority must, in accordance with the regulations, transfer the long‑term certified emission reduction to a mandatory cancellation account.

Replacement of long‑term certified emission reduction

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, if a long‑term certified emission reduction relates to a clean development mechanism project, the replacement by the person of the long‑term certified emission reduction consists of instructing the Authority under section 108 to transfer:

                     (a)  an assigned amount unit; or

                     (b)  a removal unit; or

                     (c)  an emission reduction unit; or

                     (d)  a certified emission reduction (other than a temporary certified emission reduction or a long‑term certified emission reduction); or

                     (e)  a long‑term certified emission reduction relating to the project;

from a Registry account kept by the person to whichever of the following accounts is taken, under the regulations, to be the appropriate account:

                      (f)  the long‑term certified emission reduction replacement (storage reversal) account;

                     (g)  the long‑term certified emission reduction replacement (non‑certification) account.

Identification of long‑term certified emission reductions for which replacement is required

             (4)  Regulations made for the purposes of paragraph (1)(b) may make provision for, or in relation to, the identification of long‑term certified emission reductions for which replacement is required.

116A  Restrictions on transfer of Kyoto units to a Commonwealth Registry account

                   The regulations may prevent, restrict or limit the transfer of Kyoto units from:

                     (a)  a Registry account; or

                     (b)  a foreign account;

to a Commonwealth Registry account.

116B  A registered Kyoto unit is personal property for certain purposes

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if there is an entry for a Kyoto unit in a Registry account.

Personal property

             (2)  For each of the following purposes:

                     (a)  the purposes of the Bankruptcy Act 1966;

                     (b)  the purposes of Chapter 5 of the Corporations Act 2001;

                     (c)  the purposes of the law relating to wills, intestacy and deceased estates;

                     (d)  a prescribed purpose;

the unit is personal property and, subject to section 116C, is transmissible by will and by devolution by operation of law.

116C  Transmission of registered Kyoto units by operation of law etc.

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  under section 116B, a Kyoto unit is personal property for a particular purpose; and

                     (b)  the unit is transmitted from a person (the transferor) to another person (the transferee) by any lawful means for that purpose.

Declaration of transmission

             (2)  The transferee must, within 14 days after the transmission, give the Authority:

                     (a)  a declaration of transmission; and

                     (b)  such evidence of transmission as is specified in the regulations.

             (3)  A declaration of transmission must be made in accordance with the regulations.

             (4)  If the transferee does not already have a Registry account, the declaration of transmission must be accompanied by a request under section 147 for the Authority to open a Registry account in the name of the transferee.

             (5)  If the Authority is satisfied that special circumstances warrant the extension of the 14‑day period mentioned in subsection (2), the Authority may extend that period.

Transfer of unit—transferee already has a Registry account

             (6)  If the transferee already has a Registry account, the Authority must, as soon as practicable after receiving the declaration of transmission, transfer the unit from the relevant Registry account kept by the transferor to a Registry account kept by the transferee.

Transfer of unit—transferee does not have a Registry account

             (7)  If:

                     (a)  the transferee does not already have a Registry account; and

                     (b)  in accordance with the request under section 147, the Authority has opened a Registry account in the name of the transferee;

the Authority must, as soon as practicable after opening the Registry account, transfer the unit from the relevant Registry account kept by the transferor to the Registry account kept by the transferee.

Record

             (8)  If the Authority transfers the unit under subsection (6) or (7), the Registry must set out a record of the declaration of transmission.

When the transferee is the Commonwealth

             (9)  If the transferee is the Commonwealth, the Minister may give:

                     (a)  the declaration of transmission; and

                     (b)  the evidence mentioned in paragraph (2)(b);

on behalf of the transferee.


 

Division 4Non‑Kyoto international emissions units

117  Entries for non‑Kyoto international emissions units

                   An entry for a non‑Kyoto international emissions unit in a Registry account is to consist of the serial number (however described) of the unit.

118  Transfer of non‑Kyoto international emissions units

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, if there is an entry for a non‑Kyoto international emissions unit in a Registry account (the first Registry account) kept by a person (the first person):

                     (a)  a transfer of the unit from the first Registry account to a Registry account kept by another person consists of:

                              (i)  the removal of the entry for the unit from the first Registry account; and

                             (ii)  the making of an entry for the unit in the Registry account kept by the other person; and

                     (b)  the transfer of the unit from the first Registry account to another Registry account kept by the first person consists of:

                              (i)  the removal of the entry for the unit from the first Registry account; and

                             (ii)  the making of an entry for the unit in the other Registry account kept by the first person; and

                     (c)  the transfer of the unit from the first Registry account to a foreign account kept by another person consists of:

                              (i)  the removal of the entry for the unit from the first Registry account; and

                             (ii)  the making of an entry for the unit in the foreign account kept by the other person; and

                     (d)  the transfer of the unit from the first Registry account to a foreign account kept by the first person consists of:

                              (i)  the removal of the entry for the unit from the first Registry account; and

                             (ii)  the making of an entry for the unit in the foreign account kept by the first person.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, if there is an entry for a non‑Kyoto international emissions unit in a foreign account, a transfer of the unit from the foreign account to a Registry account consists of:

                     (a)  the removal of the entry for the unit from the foreign account; and

                     (b)  the making of an entry for the unit in the Registry account.

119  Domestic transfers of non‑Kyoto international emissions units

             (1)  If a person (the first person) is the registered holder of one or more non‑Kyoto international emissions units, the person may, by electronic notice transmitted to the Authority, instruct the Authority to transfer the units from the relevant Registry account kept by the person (the first Registry account) to:

                     (a)  a Registry account kept by another person; or

                     (b)  another Registry account kept by the first person.

             (2)  An instruction under subsection (1) must set out:

                     (a)  the account number of the first Registry account; and

                     (b)  the account number of the Registry account mentioned in paragraph (1)(a) or (b); and

                     (c)  such other information as is specified in the regulations.

Compliance with instruction

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  the Authority receives an instruction under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  the conditions (if any) specified in the regulations are satisfied;

the Authority must give effect to the instruction as soon as practicable after receiving it.

             (4)  If the Authority gives effect to an instruction under subsection (1), the Registry must set out a record of the instruction.

             (5)  If the first person is the Commonwealth, the Minister may give an instruction under subsection (1) on behalf of the first person.

120  Outgoing international transfers of non‑Kyoto international emissions units

             (1)  If a person (the first person) is the registered holder of one or more non‑Kyoto international emissions units, the person may, by electronic notice transmitted to the Authority, instruct the Authority to transfer the units from the relevant Registry account kept by the person (the first Registry account) to:

                     (a)  a foreign account kept by another person; or

                     (b)  a foreign account kept by the first person.

             (2)  An instruction under subsection (1) must set out:

                     (a)  the account number of the relevant Registry account kept by the first person; and

                     (b)  such other information as is specified in the regulations.

Compliance with instruction

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  the Authority receives an instruction under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  the conditions (if any) specified in the regulations are satisfied;

the Authority must take such steps as are required by the regulations.

             (4)  Regulations made for the purposes of subsection (3) may require the Authority to remove the entry for the unit or units from the relevant Registry account.

             (5)  Subsection (4) does not limit subsection (3).

             (6)  If the Authority takes steps under subsection (3) in relation to an instruction, the Registry must set out a record of the instruction.

             (7)  If the first person is the Commonwealth, the Minister may give an instruction under subsection (1) on behalf of the first person.

121  Incoming international transfers of non‑Kyoto international emissions units

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the Authority receives an instruction for the transfer of a non‑Kyoto international emissions unit from a foreign account; and

                     (b)  the conditions (if any) specified in the regulations are satisfied;

the Authority must make an entry for the non‑Kyoto international emissions unit in the relevant Registry account.

             (2)  However, the Authority may refuse to make an entry for the non‑Kyoto international emissions unit in the relevant Registry account if the Authority has reasonable grounds to suspect that the instruction is fraudulent.

122  Surrender restrictions

                   The regulations may make provision for, or in relation to, prohibiting the surrender of non‑Kyoto international emissions units.

122A  A registered non‑Kyoto international emissions unit is personal property for certain purposes

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if there is an entry for a non‑Kyoto international emissions unit in a Registry account.

Personal property

             (2)  For each of the following purposes:

                     (a)  the purposes of the Bankruptcy Act 1966;

                     (b)  the purposes of Chapter 5 of the Corporations Act 2001;

                     (c)  the purposes of the law relating to wills, intestacy and deceased estates;

                     (d)  a prescribed purpose;

the unit is personal property and, subject to section 122B, is transmissible by will and by devolution by operation of law.

122B  Transmission of registered non‑Kyoto international emissions units by operation of law etc.

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  under section 122A, a non‑Kyoto international emissions unit is personal property for a particular purpose; and

                     (b)  the unit is transmitted from a person (the transferor) to another person (the transferee) by any lawful means for that purpose.

Declaration of transmission

             (2)  The transferee must, within 14 days after the transmission, give the Authority:

                     (a)  a declaration of transmission; and

                     (b)  such evidence of transmission as is specified in the regulations.

             (3)  A declaration of transmission must be made in accordance with the regulations.

             (4)  If the transferee does not already have a Registry account, the declaration of transmission must be accompanied by a request under section 147 for the Authority to open a Registry account in the name of the transferee.

             (5)  If the Authority is satisfied that special circumstances warrant the extension of the 14‑day period mentioned in subsection (2), the Authority may extend that period.

Transfer of unit—transferee already has a Registry account

             (6)  If the transferee already has a Registry account, the Authority must, as soon as practicable after receiving the declaration of transmission, transfer the unit from the relevant Registry account kept by the transferor to a Registry account kept by the transferee.

Transfer of unit—transferee does not have a Registry account

             (7)  If:

                     (a)  the transferee does not already have a Registry account; and

                     (b)  in accordance with the request under section 147, the Authority has opened a Registry account in the name of the transferee;

the Authority must, as soon as practicable after opening the Registry account, transfer the unit from the relevant Registry account kept by the transferor to the Registry account kept by the transferee.

Record

             (8)  If the Authority transfers the unit under subsection (6) or (7), the Registry must set out a record of the declaration of transmission.

When the transferee is the Commonwealth

             (9)  If the transferee is the Commonwealth, the Minister may give:

                     (a)  the declaration of transmission; and

                     (b)  the evidence mentioned in paragraph (2)(b);

on behalf of the transferee.

123  Regulations about non‑Kyoto international emissions units

                   The regulations may make further provision in relation to non‑Kyoto international emissions units.


 

Part 5Emissions number

  

124  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      If a person is a liable entity for a financial year, the person’s emissions number for the financial year is the total of the person’s provisional emissions numbers for the financial year.

•      A person’s emissions number will be increased if the person failed to surrender sufficient units for the previous financial year.

•      A person’s emissions number will be reduced if the person surrendered an excess number of eligible emissions units for the previous financial year.

•      The Authority may make an advisory assessment of a person’s emissions number for a financial year.

Note 1:       If a person is a liable entity for a financial year, the person must surrender a number of eligible emissions units equal to the person’s emissions number for the financial year—see section 132.

Note 2:       An emissions number is reported under section 22A of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007.

125  Emissions number

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a person is a liable entity for an eligible financial year (the current eligible financial year).

Emissions number

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, the person’s emissions number for the current eligible financial year is the sum of:

                     (a)  the total of the person’s provisional emissions numbers (if any) for the current eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  the person’s make‑good number (if any) for the previous eligible financial year;

reduced (but not below zero) by the person’s excess surrender number (if any) for the previous eligible financial year.

             (3)  If the person’s emissions number for the current eligible financial year is not a whole number, the emissions number is to be rounded to the nearest whole number (with a number ending in .5 being rounded down).

             (4)  For the purposes of subsection (3), zero is taken to be a whole number.

             (5)  The person’s emissions number for the current eligible financial year may be zero.

126  Assessment of emissions number—incorrect report given by liable entity

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a report relating to an eligible financial year was given under section 22A of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007 by a person who was a liable entity for the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  the report was given before the end of 4 months after the end of the current eligible financial year; and

                     (c)  the Authority has reasonable grounds to believe that the number specified in the report as the person’s emissions number for the eligible financial year is incorrect.

Assessment

             (2)  The Authority may:

                     (a)  make an assessment of the person’s emissions number for the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  give written notice of the assessment to the person.

             (3)  A notice of assessment under paragraph (2)(b) must be accompanied by a statement setting out the effect of section 132.

Amendment of assessments

             (4)  The Authority may amend an assessment under this section at any time.

             (5)  If the Authority amends an assessment, the Authority must give written notice of the amendment to the person to whom the assessment relates.

             (6)  For the purposes of this Act, an amended assessment is taken to be an assessment under this section.

Advisory character of assessment

             (7)  A notice of assessment under this section is an instrument of an advisory character.

127  Assessment of emissions number—no report given by liable entity

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a person has not, before the end of 4 months after the end of an eligible financial year, given a report under section 22A of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007 in relation to the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  the Authority has reasonable grounds to believe that the person is a liable entity for the eligible financial year.

Assessment

             (2)  The Authority may:

                     (a)  make an assessment of the person’s emissions number for the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  give written notice of the assessment to the person.

             (3)  A notice of assessment under paragraph (2)(b) must be accompanied by a statement setting out the effect of section 132.

Amendment of assessments

             (4)  The Authority may amend an assessment under this section at any time.

             (5)  If the Authority amends an assessment, the Authority must give written notice of the amendment to the person to whom the assessment relates.

             (6)  For the purposes of this Act, an amended assessment is taken to be an assessment under this section.

Advisory character of assessment

             (7)  A notice of assessment under this section is an instrument of an advisory character.


 

Part 6Surrender of eligible emissions units

Division 1Introduction

128  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      If a person is the registered holder of one or more eligible emissions units, the person may, by electronic notice transmitted to the Authority, surrender any or all of those units.

•      If a person is a liable entity for a financial year, and the person does not surrender any eligible emissions units by the end of 15 December next following the financial year:

               (a)     the person will have a unit shortfall for the financial year; and

               (b)     the number of units in that shortfall is equal to the person’s emissions number for the financial year.

•      If a person is a liable entity for a financial year, and by the end of 15 December next following the financial year, the number of surrendered eligible emissions units is less than the person’s emissions number for the financial year:

               (a)     the person will have a unit shortfall for the financial year; and

               (b)     the number of units in that shortfall is equal to the difference between the emissions number and the number of surrendered units.

•      The Authority may make an assessment of a unit shortfall.

•      A person who is a liable entity for a financial year must take such action, by way of the surrender of eligible emissions units, as is necessary to ensure that at the end of 15 December next following the financial year, the person does not have a unit shortfall for the financial year.

•      An administrative penalty is payable if a person has a unit shortfall for a financial year.

Note 1:       If a person has a unit shortfall for a financial year, the person will be required to make good the shortfall in the next financial year.

Note 2:       If a person surrenders an excess number of eligible emissions units in relation to a financial year, the excess will reduce the person’s liability for the next financial year.


 

Division 2How eligible emissions units are surrendered

129  How eligible emissions units are surrendered

             (1)  If a person is the registered holder of one or more eligible emissions units, the person may, by electronic notice transmitted to the Authority during an eligible financial year, surrender any or all of those units.

Note:          A liable entity may be required to surrender units—see section 132.

             (2)  A notice under subsection (1) must:

                     (a)  specify the eligible emissions unit or units that are being surrendered; and

                     (b)  specify the eligible financial year to which the surrender relates; and

                     (c)  specify the account number or account numbers of the person’s Registry account, or the person’s Registry accounts, in which there is an entry or entries for the eligible emissions unit or units that are being surrendered.

             (3)  The eligible financial year specified under paragraph (2)(b) must be:

                     (a)  the eligible financial year in which the electronic notice was transmitted; or

                     (b)  an earlier eligible financial year.

             (4)  An Australian emissions unit must not be surrendered in relation to an eligible financial year unless that eligible financial year is:

                     (a)  the vintage year of the unit; or

                     (b)  an eligible financial year later than the vintage year of the unit; or

                     (c)  the eligible financial year immediately preceding the vintage year of the unit.

Note:          See also subsection 130(4) (borrowing limit).

             (5)  A person must not surrender, in relation to an eligible financial year, an Australian emissions unit that has a vintage year that next follows the eligible financial year unless the electronic notice is transmitted after the emissions number publication time of the person for the eligible financial year.

Note:          For emissions number publication time, see section 5.

          (5A)  If:

                     (a)  an Australian emissions unit was issued:

                              (i)  in accordance with the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program; or

                             (ii)  in accordance with Part 9 (coal‑fired electricity generation); and

                     (b)  the unit has a vintage year beginning on 1 July 2011;

the unit must not be surrendered in relation to an eligible financial year unless that eligible financial year is the vintage year of the unit.

             (6)  A Kyoto unit must not be surrendered if the surrender would breach regulations made for the purposes of section 113 (carry‑over restrictions).

          (6A)  An eligible international emissions unit must not be surrendered in relation to the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2011.

             (7)  An eligible international emissions unit specified in the regulations must not be surrendered in relation to an eligible financial year specified in the regulations. Regulations made for the purposes of this subsection must not specify an eligible financial year that begins before the regulations are registered under the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 13(3) of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

          (7A)  In making a recommendation to the Governor‑General about regulations to be made for the purposes of subsection (7), the Minister may have regard to:

                    (aa)  Australia’s international objectives; and

                     (a)  Australia’s international obligations under:

                              (i)  the Climate Change Convention; and

                             (ii)  the Kyoto Protocol; and

                     (b)  the environmental integrity of the carbon pollution reduction scheme; and

                     (c)  such other matters (if any) as the Minister considers relevant.

             (8)  Any of the following:

                     (a)  a removal unit issued during the first commitment period;

                     (b)  an emission reduction unit:

                              (i)  issued during the first commitment period; and

                             (ii)  that has been converted from a removal unit;

must not be surrendered in relation to:

                     (c)  the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2013; or

                     (d)  a later eligible financial year.

             (9)  A non‑Kyoto international emissions unit must not be surrendered if the surrender would breach regulations made for the purposes of section 122 (surrender restrictions).

           (10)  If an Australian emissions unit is surrendered by a person:

                     (a)  the unit is cancelled; and

                     (b)  the Authority must remove the entry for the unit from the person’s Registry account in which there is an entry for the unit.

           (11)  If a Kyoto unit is surrendered by a person:

                     (a)  the Authority must remove the entry for the unit from the person’s Registry account in which there is an entry for the unit; and

                     (b)  the Authority must make an entry for the unit in a Commonwealth holding account.

           (12)  If a non‑Kyoto international emissions unit is surrendered by a person:

                     (a)  the Authority must take such action in relation to the unit as is specified in the regulations; and

                     (b)  the Authority must remove the entry for the unit from the person’s Registry account in which there is an entry for the unit.

           (13)  The Registry must set out a record of each notice under subsection (1).


 

Division 3Unit shortfalls

130  Unit shortfalls

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a person is a liable entity for an eligible financial year (the current eligible financial year); and

                     (b)  the person’s emissions number for the current eligible financial year is 1 or more.

No units surrendered

             (2)  If, during the period (the surrender period):

                     (a)  beginning at the start of the current eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  ending at the end of 15 December in the next eligible financial year;

the person has not surrendered any eligible emissions units in relation to the current eligible financial year, then, at the end of the surrender period:

                     (c)  the person has a unit shortfall for the current eligible financial year; and

                     (d)  the number of units in that shortfall is equal to the person’s emissions number for the current eligible financial year.

Surrender of insufficient units

             (3)  If, during the period (the surrender period):

                     (a)  beginning at the start of the current eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  ending at the end of 15 December in the next eligible financial year;

the person surrendered one or more eligible emissions units in relation to the current eligible financial year, but the number of surrendered units is less than the person’s emissions number for the current eligible financial year, then, at the end of the surrender period:

                     (c)  the person has a unit shortfall for the current eligible financial year; and

                     (d)  the number of units in that shortfall is worked out using the formula:

Borrowing limit

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  during the surrender period mentioned in subsection (3), the person surrendered, in relation to the current eligible financial year, Australian emissions units (the borrowed units) that have a vintage year that next follows the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  the number of borrowed units exceeds 5% of the person’s emissions number for the current eligible financial year;

subsection (3) has effect as if, during the surrender period, the person had not surrendered, in relation to the current eligible financial year, the number of borrowed units that equals the excess.

131  Assessment of unit shortfall

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if the Authority has reasonable grounds to believe that:

                     (a)  a person is a liable entity for an eligible financial year (the current eligible financial year); and

                     (b)  as at the end of 15 December in the next eligible financial year, the person had a unit shortfall for the current eligible financial year.

Assessment

             (2)  If the Authority has reasonable grounds to believe that:

                     (a)  the person has made a false or misleading statement to the Authority that is relevant to ascertaining the person’s unit shortfall for the current eligible financial year; or

                     (b)  the person has otherwise engaged in fraudulent conduct that is relevant to ascertaining the person’s unit shortfall for the current eligible financial year;

the Authority may, at any time:

                     (c)  make an assessment of the person’s unit shortfall for the current eligible financial year; and

                     (d)  give written notice of the assessment to the person.

             (3)  If subsection (2) does not apply, the Authority may, at any time within 4 years after the end of the current eligible financial year:

                     (a)  make an assessment of the person’s unit shortfall for the current eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  give written notice of the assessment to the person.

             (4)  In making an assessment under this section, the Authority may rely on a report given under section 22A of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007 by the person concerned.

Amendment of assessments

             (5)  The Authority may amend an assessment under subsection (2) at any time.

             (6)  The Authority may amend an assessment under subsection (3) at any time within 4 years after the end of the current eligible financial year.

             (7)  If the Authority amends an assessment, the Authority must give written notice of the amendment to the person to whom the assessment relates.

             (8)  For the purposes of this Act, an amended assessment is taken to be an assessment under this section.

Advisory character of assessment

             (9)  A notice of assessment under this section is an instrument of an advisory character.

Division 4Obligation to surrender eligible emissions units

132  Obligation to surrender eligible emissions units

                   If:

                     (a)  a person is a liable entity for an eligible financial year (the current eligible financial year); and

                     (b)  the person’s emissions number for the current eligible financial year is 1 or more; and

                     (c)  there is a national scheme cap number for the current eligible financial year;

the person must take such action, by way of the surrender of eligible emissions units, as is necessary to ensure that at the end of 15 December in the next eligible financial year, the person does not have a unit shortfall for the current eligible financial year.

Note:          For penalty, see section 133.

133  Penalty for unit shortfall

Penalty

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person is a liable entity for an eligible financial year (the current eligible financial year); and

                     (b)  at the end of 15 December in the next eligible financial year, the person has a unit shortfall for the current eligible financial year;

the person is liable to pay to the Commonwealth, by way of penalty, an amount worked out using the formula:

where:

prescribed amount for the current eligible financial year means:

                     (a)  if the current eligible financial year begins on 1 July 2011—$11; or

                     (b)  in any other case:

                              (i)  if an amount is specified in the regulations for the current eligible financial year—that amount; or

                             (ii)  otherwise—an amount equal to 110% of the benchmark average auction price for the previous financial year.

Maximum prescribed amount

             (2)  An amount specified in regulations made for the purposes of paragraph (b) of the definition of prescribed amount for the current eligible financial year in subsection (1) in relation to an eligible financial year must not exceed 110% of the benchmark average auction price for the previous financial year.

             (3)  As soon as practicable after the end of each financial year, the Authority must:

                     (a)  calculate the benchmark average auction price for the financial year; and

                     (b)  publish on its website a notice setting out the results of that calculation.

134  When penalty becomes due and payable

                   An amount payable under section 133 by a person in relation to a unit shortfall for an eligible financial year is due and payable at the end of 31 January in the next eligible financial year.

135  Late payment penalty

             (1)  If an amount payable by a person under section 133 remains unpaid after the time when it became due for payment, the person is liable to pay, by way of penalty, an amount calculated at the rate of:

                     (a)  20% per annum; or

                     (b)  if a lower rate per annum is specified in the regulations—that lower rate per annum;

on the amount unpaid, computed from that time.

             (2)  The Authority may remit the whole or a part of an amount payable under subsection (1) if:

                     (a)  the Authority is satisfied that the person did not contribute to the delay in payment and has taken reasonable steps to mitigate the causes of the delay; or

                     (b)  the Authority is satisfied:

                              (i)  that the person contributed to the delay but has taken reasonable steps to mitigate the causes of the delay; and

                             (ii)  having regard to the nature of the reasons that caused the delay, that it would be fair and reasonable to remit some or all of the amount; or

                     (c)  the Authority is satisfied that there are special circumstances that make it reasonable to remit some or all of the amount.

136  Recovery of penalties

                   An amount payable under section 133 or 135:

                     (a)  is a debt due to the Commonwealth; and

                     (b)  may be recovered by the Authority, on behalf of the Commonwealth, by action in a court of competent jurisdiction.

137  Set‑off

                   If:

                     (a)  an amount (the first amount) is payable under section 133 or 135 by a person; and

                     (b)  the following conditions are satisfied in relation to another amount (the second amount):

                              (i)  the amount is payable by the Commonwealth to the person;

                             (ii)  the amount is of a kind specified in the regulations;

the Authority may, on behalf of the Commonwealth, set off the whole or a part of the first amount against the whole or a part of the second amount.

138  Liability transfer certificate—statutory guarantee

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a company was the holder of a liability transfer certificate throughout the whole or a part of an eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  a controlling corporation consented under subsection 70(2) or 74(3) to the making of the application for the certificate.

Guarantee

             (2)  The controlling corporation is taken to have guaranteed the payment by the company of:

                     (a)  an amount payable by the company under section 133 in relation to a unit shortfall for the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  an amount payable by the company under section 135 because of the late payment of an amount covered by paragraph (a).

139  Refund of overpayments

Refund

             (1)  If either of the following amounts has been overpaid by a person, the amount overpaid must be refunded by the Commonwealth:

                     (a)  an amount payable under section 133;

                     (b)  an amount payable under section 135.

Note:          For appropriation, see section 28 of the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997.

Interest on overpayment

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  an amount overpaid by a person is refunded by the Commonwealth under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  the overpayment is attributable, in whole or in part, to an error made by the Authority;

interest calculated in accordance with subsection (3) is payable by the Commonwealth to the person in respect of the amount refunded.

             (3)  Interest payable to a person under subsection (2) in respect of an amount refunded to the person is to be calculated:

                     (a)  in respect of the period that:

                              (i)  began when the overpaid amount was paid to the Commonwealth; and

                             (ii)  ended when the amount was refunded; and

                     (b)  at the base interest rate (within the meaning of section 8AAD of the Taxation Administration Act 1953).

             (4)  The Consolidated Revenue Fund is appropriated for the purposes of making payments of interest under subsection (2).

141  Benchmark average auction price

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, the benchmark average auction price for a financial year is whichever is the greater of the following amounts:

                     (a)  the amount calculated under subsection (2) in relation to the financial year;

                     (b)  the amount calculated under subsection (3) in relation to the financial year.

Average auction price—all auctions

             (2)  The amount calculated under this subsection in relation to a financial year is the amount worked out using the formula:

where:

number of units issued as the result of auctions means the total number of Australian emissions units that were issued as the result of auctions conducted by the Authority during the financial year.

total auction proceeds means the total amount paid or payable by way of charges for the issue of Australian emissions units that were issued as the result of auctions conducted by the Authority during the financial year.

Average auction price—last auction

             (3)  The amount calculated under this subsection in relation to a financial year is the amount worked out using the formula:

where:

number of units issued as a result of the last auction means the number of Australian emissions units that were issued as a result of the last auction conducted by the Authority during the financial year.

proceeds of the last auction means the total amount paid or payable by way of charges for the issue of Australian emissions units that were issued as a result of the last auction conducted by the Authority during the financial year.

142  Make‑good number

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person is a liable entity for an eligible financial year (the current eligible financial year); and

                     (b)  at the end of 15 December in the next eligible financial year, the person has a unit shortfall for the current eligible financial year;

then:

                     (c)  the number of units in the unit shortfall is the person’s make‑good number for the current eligible financial year; and

                     (d)  the person is a liable entity for the next eligible financial year.

Note:          The make‑good number increases the emissions number for the next eligible financial year—see section 125.

Liability transfer certificate

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person was the holder of a liability transfer certificate throughout the whole or a part of an eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  the person becomes liable to pay an amount under section 133 in relation to a unit shortfall for the eligible financial year; and

                     (c)  a controlling corporation consented under subsection 70(2) or 74(3) to the making of the application for the certificate;

then:

                     (d)  if the controlling corporation that consented under subsection 70(2) or 74(3) to the making of the application for the certificate has a make‑good number for the eligible financial year—that make‑good number is increased by the number of units in the unit shortfall; and

                     (e)  if paragraph (d) does not apply—the controlling corporation that consented under subsection 70(2) or 74(3) to the making of the application for the certificate:

                              (i)  has a make‑good number for the eligible financial year equal to the number of units in the unit shortfall; and

                             (ii)  is a liable entity for the next eligible financial year; and

                      (f)  despite subsection (1), the person does not have a make‑good number for the eligible financial year.

Note:          The make‑good number increases the emissions number for the next eligible financial year—see section 125.

143  Excess surrender number

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person is a liable entity for an eligible financial year (the current eligible financial year); and

                     (b)  the person’s emissions number for the current eligible financial year is 1 or more; and

                     (c)  at the end of 15 December in the next eligible financial year, the person does not have a unit shortfall for the current eligible financial year; and

                     (d)  during the period (the surrender period):

                              (i)  beginning at the start of the current eligible financial year; and

                             (ii)  ending at 15 December in the next eligible financial year;

                            the person surrendered one or more eligible emissions units in relation to the current eligible financial year; and

                     (e)  the number of surrendered units exceeds the person’s emissions number for the current eligible financial year;

the number of surrendered units in the excess is the person’s excess surrender number for the current eligible financial year.

Note:          The excess surrender number reduces the emissions number for the next eligible financial year—see section 125.

Borrowing limit

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  during the surrender period mentioned in subsection (1), the person surrendered, in relation to the current eligible financial year, Australian emissions units (the borrowed units) that have a vintage year that next follows the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  the number of borrowed units exceeds 5% of the person’s emissions number for the current eligible financial year;

subsection (1) has effect as if, during the surrender period, the person had not surrendered, in relation to the current eligible financial year, the number of borrowed units that equals the excess.

Free Australian emissions units with a vintage year beginning on 1 July 2011

             (3)  If, during the surrender period mentioned in subsection (1), the person surrendered, in relation to the current eligible financial year, free Australian emissions units that have a vintage year beginning on 1 July 2011, subsection (1) has effect as if, during the surrender period, the person had not surrendered those units.


 

Division 5Extension of surrender deadline

143A  Extension of surrender deadline

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if the Authority is satisfied that:

                     (a)  2 or more persons were unable to surrender eligible emissions units during the whole or a part of:

                              (i)  15 December in the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2011; or

                             (ii)  15 December in a later eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  the inability to surrender the units was attributable to:

                              (i)  a fault or malfunction relating to a computer system under the control of the Authority; or

                             (ii)  a fault or malfunction relating to a facility (within the meaning of the Telecommunications Act 1997); or

                            (iii)  a fault or malfunction relating to a carriage service (within the meaning of that Act) provided to the public; and

                     (c)  it would be reasonable to extend the deadline for the surrender of eligible emissions units beyond the end of that 15 December.

Extension of surrender deadline

             (2)  The Authority may, by legislative instrument, determine that this Act has effect as if a reference in each of the following provisions to the end of that 15 December were a reference to such later time as is specified in the determination:

                    (aa)  paragraph 103A(1)(c);

                     (a)  paragraph 130(2)(b);

                     (b)  paragraph 130(3)(b);

                     (c)  paragraph 131(1)(b);

                     (d)  section 132;

                     (e)  paragraph 133(1)(b);

                      (f)  paragraph 142(1)(b);

                     (g)  paragraph 143(1)(c);

                     (h)  subparagraph 143(1)(d)(ii);

                      (i)  subsection 275(1);

                      (j)  subsection 275(2).

             (3)  The Authority must publish a copy of the determination on its website.


 

Part 7Australian National Registry of Emissions Units

Division 1Introduction

144  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      The Australian National Registry of Emissions Units is continued in existence.

•      The Authority may open a Registry account in the name of a person.

•      A person may request the Authority to close the person’s Registry account.

•      The Authority is empowered to make corrections to the Registry.

•      A person may apply to the Federal Court for the rectification of the Registry.


 

Division 2Australian National Registry of Emissions Units

145  Australian National Registry of Emissions Units

             (1)  The register:

                     (a)  known as the Australian National Registry of Emissions Units; and

                     (b)  that was in existence under the executive power of the Commonwealth immediately before the commencement of this section;

continues in existence as a register under this Act under the name Australian National Registry of Emissions Units.

             (2)  The Registry is to be kept by the Authority.

Note:          In this Act, Registry means the Australian National Registry of Emissions Units—see section 5.

             (3)  The Registry is to be maintained by electronic means.

             (4)  The purposes of the Registry are as follows:

                     (a)  to be a registry for Australian emissions units;

                     (b)  to be Australia’s national registry for Kyoto units.


 

Division 3Registry accounts

146  Registry accounts

             (1)  The Authority may open an account within the Registry in the name of a particular person.

             (2)  An account kept in the name of a person is to be known as a Registry account of the person.

             (3)  Each Registry account is to be identified by a unique number, to be known as the account number of the Registry account.

             (4)  A person may have 2 or more Registry accounts.

             (5)  To avoid doubt, a Registry account cannot be kept in the names of 2 or more persons jointly.

147  Opening of Registry accounts—general

             (1)  A person may request the Authority to open a Registry account in the name of the person.

             (2)  A request under subsection (1) must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  be in a form approved, in writing, by the Authority; and

                     (c)  be accompanied by such information as is specified in the regulations; and

                     (d)  be accompanied by the fee (if any) specified in a legislative instrument made by the Authority for the purposes of this paragraph.

             (3)  The approved form of request may provide for verification by statutory declaration of statements in requests.

             (4)  A fee specified under paragraph (2)(d) must not be such as to amount to taxation.

Further information

             (5)  The Authority may, by written notice given to the person who made the request, require the person to give the Authority, within the period specified in the notice, further information in connection with the request.

             (6)  If the person breaches the requirement, the Authority may, by written notice given to the person:

                     (a)  refuse to consider the request; or

                     (b)  refuse to take any action, or any further action, in relation to the request.

Opening of account

             (7)  After considering the request, the Authority may open a Registry account in the name of the person.

Identification procedure

             (8)  The Authority must not open a Registry account in the name of the person unless the Authority has carried out the applicable identification procedure in respect of the person.

Timing

             (9)  The Authority must take all reasonable steps to ensure that a decision is made on the request:

                     (a)  if the Authority requires the person who made the request to give further information under subsection (5) in relation to the request—within 28 days after the person gave the Authority the information; or

                     (b)  otherwise—within 28 days after the application was made.

Refusal

           (10)  If the Authority decides to refuse to open a Registry account in the name of the person who made the request, the Authority must give written notice of the decision to the person.

148  Designation of Commonwealth Registry accounts

                   A Commonwealth Registry account must be designated by the Authority as:

                     (a)  a Commonwealth holding account; or

                     (b)  the retirement account for a particular commitment period; or

                     (c)  the net source cancellation account for a particular commitment period; or

                     (d)  the non‑compliance cancellation account for a particular commitment period; or

                     (e)  the voluntary cancellation account for a particular commitment period; or

                      (f)  the mandatory cancellation account for a particular commitment period; or

                     (g)  the temporary certified emission reduction replacement (expiry) account for a particular commitment period; or

                     (h)  the long‑term certified emission reduction replacement (expiry) account for a particular commitment period; or

                      (i)  the long‑term certified emission reduction replacement (storage reversal) account for a particular commitment period; or

                      (j)  the long‑term certified emission reduction replacement (non‑certification) account for a particular commitment period; or

                     (k)  the Commonwealth relinquished units account; or

                      (l)  an account with a name specified in the regulations.

149  Opening of new Commonwealth Registry accounts

             (1)  The Minister may, by written notice given to the Authority, direct the Authority to:

                     (a)  open a Registry account in the name of the Commonwealth; and

                     (b)  give that Registry account the designation specified in the direction.

             (2)  The Authority must comply with a direction under subsection (1).

150  Units in a retirement, cancellation or replacement account

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a Kyoto unit for which there is an entry in any of the following Commonwealth Registry accounts:

                     (a)  the retirement account for a particular commitment period;

                     (b)  the net source cancellation account for a particular commitment period;

                     (c)  the non‑compliance cancellation account for a particular commitment period;

                     (d)  the voluntary cancellation account for a particular commitment period;

                     (e)  the mandatory cancellation account for a particular commitment period;

                      (f)  the temporary certified emission reduction replacement (expiry) account for a particular commitment period;

                     (g)  the long‑term certified emission reduction replacement (expiry) account for a particular commitment period;

                     (h)  the long‑term certified emission reduction replacement (storage reversal) account for a particular commitment period;

                      (i)  the long‑term certified emission reduction replacement (non‑certification) account for a particular commitment period.

Restriction

             (2)  The unit cannot be transferred or surrendered.

             (3)  Subsection (2) has effect despite any other provision of this Act.

151  Totals of Australian emissions units in a Registry account

                   The Registry must set out, for each Registry account, the total of all of the Australian emissions units in the account that have the same vintage year.

152  Voluntary closure of Registry accounts

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a person has a Registry account; and

                     (b)  there are no entries for any Australian emissions units in the account; and

                     (c)  there are no entries for any Kyoto units in the account; and

                     (d)  there are no entries for any non‑Kyoto international emissions units in the account; and

                     (e)  the person, by written notice given to the Authority, requests the Authority to close the account.

Compliance with request

             (2)  The Authority must comply with the request as soon as practicable after receiving it.

             (3)  The Registry must set out a record of each closure under subsection (2).


 

Division 4Change in name of account holder

153  Application to have new name entered on the Registry

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a Registry account is kept in the name of a person; and

                     (b)  the name of the person has changed;

the person may apply to the Authority to have the new name substituted for the previous name in the Registry in relation to the account.

             (2)  The application must be in writing.

154  Alteration in the Registry

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a person applies under section 153 to have the person’s new name substituted for the person’s previous name in the Registry in relation to a Registry account.

Alteration

             (2)  If the Authority is satisfied that the person’s name has changed, the Authority must make the necessary alterations in the Registry.


 

Division 5Correction and rectification of Registry

155  Corrections of clerical errors or obvious defects

                   The Authority may alter the Registry for the purposes of correcting a clerical error or an obvious defect in the Registry.

157  General power of correction of Registry—Kyoto units

Power of correction

             (1)  The Authority may make such alterations to the Registry as the Authority considers appropriate for the purposes of ensuring that the relevant provisions of the Kyoto rules are complied with.

             (2)  The Authority may exercise the power conferred by subsection (1):

                     (a)  on written application being made to the Authority by a person; or

                     (b)  on the Authority’s own initiative.

Publication of alteration

             (3)  If the Authority makes an alteration to the Registry under subsection (1), the Authority must cause to be published on the Authority’s website a notice setting out the details of the alteration.

158  General power of correction of Registry—non‑Kyoto international emissions units

Power of correction

             (1)  The Authority may make such alterations to the Registry as the Authority considers appropriate for the purposes of ensuring that the relevant provisions of an international agreement, to the extent to which it relates to a non‑Kyoto international emissions unit, are complied with.

             (2)  The Authority may exercise the power conferred by subsection (1):

                     (a)  on written application being made to the Authority by a person; or

                     (b)  on the Authority’s own initiative.

Publication of alteration

             (3)  If the Authority makes an alteration to the Registry under subsection (1), the Authority must cause to be published on the Authority’s website a notice setting out the details of the alteration.

159  Rectification of Registry

Application for rectification by aggrieved person

             (1)  If a person is aggrieved by any of the following:

                     (a)  the omission of an entry from the Registry;

                     (b)  an entry made in the Registry without sufficient cause;

                     (c)  an entry wrongly existing in the Registry;

                     (d)  an error or defect in an entry in the Registry;

                     (e)  an entry wrongly removed from the Registry;

the person may apply to the Federal Court for the rectification of the Registry.

Application for rectification by the Authority

          (1A)  If the Authority is concerned about any of the following:

                     (a)  the omission of an entry from the Registry;

                     (b)  an entry made in the Registry without sufficient cause;

                     (c)  an entry wrongly existing in the Registry;

                     (d)  an error or defect in an entry in the Registry;

                     (e)  an entry wrongly removed from the Registry;

the Authority may apply to the Federal Court for the rectification of the Registry.

Court orders

             (2)  If an application is made under subsection (1) or (1A) to the Federal Court for the rectification of the Registry, the court may make such order as it thinks fit directing the rectification of the Registry.

          (2A)  An order made by the court must not be expressed to take effect before the order is made.

             (3)  In proceedings under this section, the court may decide any question that it is necessary or expedient to decide in connection with the rectification of the Registry.

Appearance of Authority

             (4)  Notice of an application under subsection (1) must be given to the Authority, whose representative:

                     (a)  may appear and be heard; and

                     (b)  must appear if so directed by the court.

Copy of order to be given to Authority

             (5)  An office copy of an order made by the court may be given to the Authority.

Compliance with order

             (6)  The Authority must, on receipt of the order, rectify the Registry accordingly.


 

Division 6Miscellaneous

160  Making a false entry in the Registry

                   A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person:

                              (i)  makes an entry in the Registry; or

                             (ii)  causes an entry to be made in the Registry; or

                            (iii)  concurs in the making of an entry in the Registry; and

                     (b)  the person does so knowing that the entry is false.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 7 years or 2,000 penalty units, or both.

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both this section and section 145.4 of the Criminal Code.

161  Falsified documents

                   A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person produces or tenders in evidence a document; and

                     (b)  the document falsely purports to be a copy of or extract from an entry in the Registry.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 12 months or 60 penalty units, or both.

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both this section and section 137.2 of the Criminal Code.

162  Evidentiary provisions

             (1)  The Authority may supply a copy of or extract from the Registry certified by the Authority to be a true copy or true extract, as the case may be.

             (2)  The certified copy or extract is admissible in evidence in all courts and proceedings without further proof or production of the original.

             (3)  The Authority may charge a fee specified in the regulations for supplying a certified copy or extract under subsection (1).

             (4)  A fee specified under subsection (3) must not be such as to amount to taxation.

163  Use and disclosure of information obtained from the Registry

Use

             (1)  A person must not use information to contact or send material to another person if that information:

                     (a)  is about the other person; and

                     (b)  was obtained from the Registry.

Disclosure

             (2)  A person (the first person) must not disclose information that:

                     (a)  is about another person; and

                     (b)  was obtained from the Registry; and

                     (c)  the first person knows is likely to be used to contact or send material to the other person.

Exception

             (3)  Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply if the use or disclosure of the information is relevant to:

                     (a)  the holding of:

                              (i)  Australian emissions units; or

                             (ii)  Kyoto units; or

                            (iii)  non‑Kyoto international emissions units;

                            recorded in the Registry; or

                     (b)  the exercise of the rights attaching to those units.

             (4)  A person who wishes to rely on subsection (3) bears an evidential burden in relation to that matter.

Note:          For evidential burden, see section 5.

Ancillary contraventions

             (5)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (1) or (2); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (1) or (2); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (1) or (2); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (1) or (2).

Civil penalty provisions

             (6)  Subsections (1), (2) and (5) are civil penalty provisions.

Note:          Part 21 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.

164  Regulations about the Registry

             (1)  The regulations may make further provision in relation to the Registry.

             (2)  Regulations made for the purposes of subsection (1) may make provision requiring the holder of a Registry account to notify a matter to the Authority.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not limit subsection (1).

Requirement

             (4)  If the holder of a Registry account is subject to a requirement under regulations made for the purposes of subsection (1) or (2), the holder must comply with that requirement.

Ancillary contraventions

             (5)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (4); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (4); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (4); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (4).

Civil penalty provisions

             (6)  Subsections (4) and (5) are civil penalty provisions.

Note:          Part 21 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.


 

Part 8Emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program

Division 1Introduction

165  Aim and objects

             (1)  The aim of this Part is to recognise issues relating to the impact of the carbon pollution reduction scheme on the international competitiveness of activities that are:

                     (a)  identified as emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed activities; and

                     (b)  carried on in Australia.

             (2)  The objects of this Part are:

                     (a)  to enable the identification of activities as emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed activities; and

                     (b)  to reduce the incentives for such an activity to be located in, or re‑located to, foreign countries; and

                     (c)  to provide transitional assistance in respect of such an activity if carried on in Australia;

until such assistance is no longer warranted, having regard to:

                     (d)  whether sufficient measures to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases have been implemented in respect of markets:

                              (i)  that are outside Australia; and

                             (ii)  that are for goods produced as a result of such an activity (whether carried on in or outside Australia); and

                            (iii)  in which persons who carry on such an activity in Australia compete; or

                     (e)  whether foreign countries that are responsible for the substantial majority of the world’s emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases have implemented sufficient measures to reduce those emissions; or

                      (f)  any other relevant matters.

166  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      The regulations may formulate a program, to be known as the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program, for the issue of free Australian emissions units in respect of activities that:

               (a)     under the program, are taken to be emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed activities; and

               (b)     are, or are to be, carried on in Australia during a financial year specified in the program.

•      The emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program may:

               (a)     require a recipient of free Australian emissions units to relinquish units; and

               (b)     impose reporting or record‑keeping requirements on a recipient of free Australian emissions units.


 

Division 2Formulation of the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program

167  Emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program

             (1)  The regulations may formulate a program (to be known as the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program) for the issue of free Australian emissions units in respect of activities that:

                     (a)  under the program, are taken to be emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed activities; and

                     (b)  are, or are to be, carried on in Australia during an eligible financial year specified in the program.

             (2)  The emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program must provide that free Australian emissions units must not be issued to a person in accordance with the program unless the person:

                     (a)  meets such requirements as are specified in the program; and

                     (b)  has a Registry account.

             (3)  The Minister must take all reasonable steps to ensure that regulations are made for the purposes of subsection (1) before 1 July 2010.

168  Relinquishment requirement

             (1)  The emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program may provide that, if:

                     (a)  a number of free Australian emissions units have been issued to a person in accordance with the program; and

                     (b)  any of the following subparagraphs applies:

                              (i)  a specified event happens;

                             (ii)  a specified circumstance comes into existence;

                            (iii)  the Authority is satisfied about a specified matter;

the person is required to relinquish a number of Australian emissions units ascertained in accordance with the program.

Note:          An administrative penalty is payable under section 287 for non‑compliance with a relinquishment requirement under the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program.

             (2)  The number of Australian emissions units required to be relinquished by the person must not exceed the number of units mentioned in paragraph (1)(a).

169  Reporting requirement

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a person if free Australian emissions units have been issued to the person in accordance with the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program.

Requirement

             (2)  The emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program may make provision for and in relation to requiring the person to give one or more written reports to the Authority.

170  Record‑keeping requirement

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a person if free Australian emissions units have been issued to the person in accordance with the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program.

Requirement

             (2)  The emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program may make provision for and in relation to requiring the person to:

                     (a)  make records of information specified in the program; and

                     (b)  retain such a record, or a copy, for 5 years after the record was made.

171  Other matters

             (1)  The emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program may make provision for and in relation to the following matters:

                     (a)  applications for free Australian emissions units;

                     (b)  the approval by the Authority of a form for such an application;

                     (c)  information that must accompany such an application;

                     (d)  documents that must accompany such an application;

                     (e)  the method of calculating the number of free Australian emissions units to be issued to a person in accordance with the program.

             (2)  The emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program may provide that an application for free Australian emissions units must be accompanied by a prescribed report.

             (3)  The emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program may provide for verification by statutory declaration of statements in applications for free Australian emissions units.

172  Ancillary or incidental provisions

                   The emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program may contain ancillary or incidental provisions.


 

Division 3Compliance with reporting and record‑keeping requirements under the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program

173  Compliance with reporting and record‑keeping requirements

Reporting requirements

             (1)  If a person is subject to a requirement under the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program to give a report to the Authority, the person must comply with that requirement.

Record‑keeping requirements

             (2)  If a person is subject to a requirement under the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program to:

                     (a)  make a record of information; or

                     (b)  retain such a record or a copy;

the person must comply with that requirement.

Ancillary contraventions

             (3)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (1) or (2); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (1) or (2); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (1) or (2); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (1) or (2).

Civil penalty provisions

             (4)  Subsections (1), (2) and (3) are civil penalty provisions.

Note:          Part 21 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.


 

Division 4Special information‑gathering powers

173A  Minister may obtain information

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a constitutional corporation if:

                     (a)  a person (who may be the corporation) has indicated to the Commonwealth that the person believes that an activity may be, or should be, eligible for emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance; and

                     (b)  that activity is not an activity that, under the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program, is taken to be an emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed activity; and

                     (c)  the Minister believes on reasonable grounds that the corporation has information that:

                              (i)  relates to the activity; and

                             (ii)  is likely to assist the Commonwealth to formulate or vary the policy embodied in the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program.

Request for information and report

             (2)  The Minister may, by written notice given to the corporation:

                     (a)  request the corporation to give to the Minister, within the period and in the manner and form specified in the notice, any such information; and

                     (b)  request that the information be accompanied by a report specified in the notice.

             (3)  A period specified under subsection (2) must not be shorter than 60 days after the notice is given.

Request for information

             (4)  The Minister may, by written notice given to the corporation, request the corporation to give to the Minister, within the period and in the manner and form specified in the notice, any such information.

             (5)  A period specified under subsection (4) must not be shorter than 30 days after the notice is given.

173B  No assistance for 2 eligible financial years if corporation refuses or fails to comply with request for information

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a constitutional corporation is given a request under subsection 173A(2) or (4) at a particular time; and

                     (b)  the corporation refuses or fails to comply with the request.

No assistance for 2 eligible financial years

             (2)  No free Australian emissions units that have a vintage year of:

                     (a)  the first eligible financial year that begins after that time; or

                     (b)  the eligible financial year that next follows the eligible financial year mentioned in paragraph (a);

are to be issued to the corporation in accordance with the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program.

173C  Disclosure of information to the Authority

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to information obtained under section 173A.

Disclosure

             (2)  The Minister may disclose the information to the Authority for the purposes of, or in connection with, the performance of the functions, or the exercise of the powers, of the Authority.

Other powers of disclosure not limited

             (3)  This section does not, by implication, limit the Minister’s powers to disclose the information to a person other than the Authority.


 

Part 9Coal‑fired electricity generation

Division 1Introduction

174  Object

                   The object of this Part is to contribute to the maintenance of investor confidence in electricity generation. It does so by providing limited transitional assistance in respect of generation assets, where:

                     (a)  money was invested in those assets before the Commonwealth Government announced its support for a scheme to reduce pollution caused by emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases; and

                     (b)  those assets are likely to suffer a significant decline in value as a result of the introduction of such a scheme.

175  Simplified outline

•      Free Australian emissions units may be issued in respect of generation assets that meet certain eligibility requirements.

•      Free units will be issued during:

               (a)     the financial year beginning on 1 July 2011; and

               (b)     each of the next 4 financial years.

•      The number of free units is capped.

•      If a windfall gain declaration is in force in relation to a generation asset, the Minister may determine that free units are not to be issued in respect of the generation asset for the financial years beginning on 1 July 2014 or 1 July 2015.

•      Free units will not be issued if a generation asset does not pass the power system reliability test for a financial year.


 

Division 2Issue of free Australian emissions units in respect of generation assets

176  Issue of free Australian emissions units in respect of generation assets

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a generation asset if a certificate of eligibility for coal‑fired generation assistance is in force in respect of the generation asset.

Issue of free units

             (2)  On each of the following days:

                     (a)  1 September in the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2011;

                     (b)  1 September in the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2012;

                     (c)  1 September in the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2013;

                     (d)  1 September in the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2014;

                     (e)  1 September in the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2015;

the Authority must issue a number of free Australian emissions units equal to the number worked out using the following formula:

where:

annual assistance factor specified in the certificate means the number specified in the certificate as the annual assistance factor in respect of the generation asset.

Note:          The annual assistance factor is worked out under section 182.

generation assistance limit for that eligible financial year means:

                     (a)  if that eligible financial year begins on 1 July 2013—the number worked out using the formula in subsection (4); or

                     (b)  otherwise—26,140,000.

total annual assistance factors for that eligible financial year means the total of the numbers specified as annual assistance factors in certificates of eligibility for coal‑fired generation assistance issued, or purportedly issued, by the Authority before 1 September in that eligible financial year. For this purpose, disregard a certificate if a decision to issue the certificate was set aside by a court or tribunal before 1 September in that eligible financial year.

             (3)  If the number worked out using the formula in subsection (2) is not a multiple of 100:

                     (a)  the number is to be rounded to the nearest multiple of 100; and

                     (b)  if the number is a multiple of 50—the number is to be rounded up to the nearest multiple of 100.

             (4)  The formula mentioned in paragraph (a) of the definition of generation assistance limit for that eligible financial year in subsection (2) is as follows:

where:

total number of withheld units means the Authority’s reasonable estimate of the number of free Australian emissions units with a vintage year beginning on 1 July 2011 or 1 July 2012 that were not issued in accordance with this Part because of section 188 (power system reliability).

When units are to be issued

             (5)  If 1 September in a later eligible financial year is not a business day, the units are to be issued on the next business day after that 1 September.

Recipient of units

             (6)  Free Australian emissions units issued in accordance with subsection (2) during an eligible financial year (the current eligible financial year) are to be issued to whichever one of the following persons is applicable:

                     (a)  if, assuming that:

                              (i)  immediately before the end of the previous eligible financial year, the generation asset had been a facility; and

                             (ii)  immediately before the end of the previous eligible financial year, the generation asset had been in operation; and

                            (iii)  immediately before the end of the previous eligible financial year, greenhouse gases with a carbon dioxide equivalence of 25,000 tonnes had been emitted from the operation of the generation asset; and

                            (iv)  the financial year beginning on 1 July 2010 had been an eligible financial year;

                            a controlling corporation of a group would, under section 17, be a liable entity for the previous eligible financial year wholly or partly as a result of those emissions of greenhouse gases—the controlling corporation;

                     (b)  if, assuming that:

                              (i)  immediately before the end of the previous eligible financial year, the generation asset had been a facility; and

                             (ii)  immediately before the end of the previous eligible financial year, the generation asset had been in operation; and

                            (iii)  immediately before the end of the previous eligible financial year, greenhouse gases with a carbon dioxide equivalence of 25,000 tonnes had been emitted from the operation of the generation asset; and

                            (iv)  the financial year beginning on 1 July 2010 had been an eligible financial year;

                            a non‑group entity would, under section 18, be a liable entity for the previous eligible financial year wholly or partly as a result of those emissions of greenhouse gases—the non‑group entity;

                     (c)  if, assuming that:

                              (i)  immediately before the end of the previous eligible financial year, the generation asset had been a facility; and

                             (ii)  immediately before the end of the previous eligible financial year, the generation asset had been in operation; and

                            (iii)  immediately before the end of the previous eligible financial year, greenhouse gases with a carbon dioxide equivalence of 25,000 tonnes had been emitted from the operation of the generation asset; and

                            (iv)  the financial year beginning on 1 July 2010 had been an eligible financial year;

                            a person would, under section 19, be a liable entity for the previous eligible financial year wholly or partly as a result of those emissions of greenhouse gases—the person.

Vintage year

             (7)  Free Australian emissions units issued in accordance with subsection (2) during an eligible financial year are to have a vintage year of the eligible financial year.

Registry account

             (8)  The Authority must not issue a free Australian emissions unit to a person in accordance with subsection (2) unless the person has a Registry account.

Other provisions

             (9)  This section has effect subject to sections 183, 185 and 188.

Note 1:       Sections 183 and 185 deal with windfall gains.

Note 2:       Section 188 deals with power system reliability.


 

Division 3Certificate of eligibility for coal‑fired generation assistance

177  Application for certificate of eligibility for coal‑fired generation assistance

             (1)  A person may, within 180 days after the commencement of this section, apply for the Authority to issue a certificate of eligibility for coal‑fired generation assistance in respect of a generation asset.

             (2)  A person is not entitled to make an application in respect of a generation complex unless the person owns, controls or operates the generation complex.

             (3)  A person is not entitled to make an application in respect of a generation complex project unless the person proposes to own, control or operate the proposed generation complex.

             (4)  Applications must be mutually exclusive so far as their coverage of generation units or proposed generation units is concerned.

             (5)  If the Authority receives 2 or more applications that, when taken together, breach subsection (4):

                     (a)  the Authority must not consider any of those applications; and

                     (b)  the Authority must, by written notice given to the applicants, reject those applications and inform the applicants that:

                              (i)  the applications breach subsection (4); and

                             (ii)  if one or more fresh applications are made within 20 days after the notice was given and those fresh applications do not breach subsection (4), the Authority will be prepared to consider those fresh applications.

             (6)  The 180 day time limit in subsection (1) does not apply to a fresh application made in response to a notice under subsection (5).

             (7)  This Act (other than subsection (5)) has effect as if an application rejected under subsection (5) had never been made.

             (8)  The Authority may extend the 180 day time limit in subsection (1) for the making of a particular application, so long as:

                     (a)  the extended time limit is not later than 210 days after the commencement of this section; and

                     (b)  the application, when taken together with any other application or applications received by the Authority, does not breach subsection (4).

178  Form of application

             (1)  An application must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  be in a form approved, in writing, by the Minister; and

                     (c)  be accompanied by such information as is specified in the regulations; and

                     (d)  be accompanied by such documents (if any) as are specified in the regulations; and

                     (e)  be accompanied by a prescribed report; and

                      (f)  if the application does not relate to a generation complex that entered service on or before 1 July 2004—be accompanied by a report that complies with subsection (3).

             (2)  The approved form of application may provide for verification by statutory declaration of statements in applications.

             (3)  A report complies with this subsection if:

                     (a)  the report is by a person who has appropriate engineering qualifications; and

                     (b)  the report sets out the person’s estimate of the emissions intensity of the generation asset; and

                     (c)  the person does not have an interest, pecuniary or otherwise, in the outcome of the application.

179  Further information

             (1)  The Authority may, by written notice given to an applicant, require the applicant to give the Authority, within the period specified in the notice, further information in connection with the application.

             (2)  If the applicant breaches the requirement, the Authority may, by written notice given to the applicant:

                     (a)  refuse to consider the application; or

                     (b)  refuse to take any action, or any further action, in relation to the application.

180  Issue of certificate of eligibility for coal‑fired generation assistance

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a generation asset if an application under section 177 has been made in respect of the generation asset.

Issue of certificate

             (2)  After considering the application, the Authority may issue a certificate of eligibility for coal‑fired generation assistance in respect of the generation asset.

Note:          See section 181 (criteria for issuing certificate).

             (3)  A certificate of eligibility for coal‑fired generation assistance must state that a specified number is the annual assistance factor in respect of the generation asset.

Note:          The annual assistance factor is worked out under section 182.

Timing

             (4)  The Authority must take all reasonable steps to ensure that a decision is made on the application:

                     (a)  if the Authority requires the applicant to give further information under subsection 179(1) in relation to the application—within 90 days after the applicant gave the Authority the information; or

                     (b)  otherwise—within whichever is the later of the following:

                              (i)  90 days after the application was made;

                             (ii)  210 days after the commencement of this section.

Refusal

             (5)  If the Authority decides to refuse to issue a certificate of eligibility for coal‑fired generation assistance in respect of the generation asset, the Authority must give written notice of the decision to the applicant.

Publication of copy of certificate

             (6)  As soon as practicable after issuing a certificate of eligibility for coal‑fired generation assistance in respect of the generation asset, the Authority must publish a copy of the certificate on its website.

181  Criteria for issuing certificate of eligibility for coal‑fired generation assistance

             (1)  The Authority must not issue a certificate of eligibility for coal‑fired generation assistance in respect of a generation asset unless the Authority is satisfied that the generation asset passes the generation asset assistance eligibility test.

Generation complexes

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), a generation complex passes the generation asset assistance eligibility test if:

                     (a)  each generation unit in the generation complex satisfies at least one of the following conditions:

                              (i)  it was in operation at any time during June 2007;

                             (ii)  it was not in operation at any time during June 2007, but as at the end of June 2007 there was a plan to return the generation unit to operation before the end of 2007;

                            (iii)  it was not in operation at any time during June 2007, but was intended to be returned to operation following a period of being out of service due to restricted access to cooling water; and

                     (b)  at least 95% of the electricity generated by the generation complex during the financial year beginning on 1 July 2006 was attributable to the combustion of coal; and

                     (c)  at any time during the financial year beginning on 1 July 2006, the generation complex was connected to a grid with a grid capacity of at least 100 megawatts.

Generation complex projects

             (3)  For the purposes of subsection (1), a generation complex project passes the generation asset assistance eligibility test if:

                     (a)  as at the start of 3 June 2007, the project was in existence but had not been completed; and

                     (b)  as at the start of 3 June 2007, the project was fully committed by the project proponent, having regard to the following matters:

                              (i)  the project proponent’s rights to land for the construction of the project;

                             (ii)  whether contracts for the supply and construction of the project’s major plant or equipment (including contract provisions for project cancellations) were executed;

                            (iii)  the status of all planning and construction approvals and licences necessary for the commencement of construction of the project (including completed and approved environmental impact statements);

                            (iv)  the level of commitment to financing arrangements for the project;

                             (v)  whether project construction had commenced before 3 June 2007;

                            (vi)  whether, as at the start of 3 June 2007, a firm date had been set for project construction to commence; and

                     (c)  as at the start of 3 June 2007, it was proposed that at least 95% of the electricity generated by the project during each financial year of operation would be attributable to the combustion of coal; and

                     (d)  as at the start of 3 June 2007, it was proposed that the project would, on completion, be connected to a grid with a grid capacity of at least 100 megawatts.

Capacity of grid

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, the capacity of a grid is to be determined in accordance with regulations made for the purposes of subsection 31(3) of the Renewable Energy (Electricity) Act 2000.

182  Annual assistance factor

             (1)  The annual assistance factor to be specified in a certificate of eligibility for coal‑fired generation assistance in respect of a generation asset is the Authority’s reasonable estimate of the number worked out to 3 decimal places using the following formula:

where:

emissions intensity has the meaning given by whichever of subsection (2), (3), (4) or (6) is applicable.

historical energy means:

                     (a)  if the generation asset is a generation complex that entered service on or before 1 July 2004—the total number of gigawatt hours of electricity generated by the generation complex during the period beginning on 1 July 2004 and ending on 30 June 2007, as measured at all generator terminals of the generation complex; or

                     (b)  if the generation asset is a generation complex that entered service after 1 July 2004—21.024 multiplied by the number of megawatts in the nameplate rating of the generation complex as at the day the generation complex entered service; or

                     (c)  if the generation asset is a generation complex project—21.024 multiplied by the number of megawatts in the proposed nameplate rating of the proposed generation complex, worked out as at the start of 3 June 2007.

Emissions intensity

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), the emissions intensity of a generation complex that entered service on or before 1 July 2004 is the number worked out to 3 decimal places using the formula:

where:

carbon dioxide equivalence of emissions means the total number of kilotonnes of the carbon dioxide equivalence of the greenhouse gases emitted from the combustion of fuel in the generation complex for the purposes of the generation of electricity during the period beginning on 1 July 2004 and ending on 30 June 2007.

gigawatt hours of electricity generated means the total number of gigawatt hours of electricity generated by the generation complex during the period beginning on 1 July 2004 and ending on 30 June 2007, as measured at all generator terminals of the generation complex.

             (3)  However, the emissions intensity of a generation complex that entered service on or before 1 July 2004 is taken to be 0.86 if the number worked out to three decimal places using the formula in subsection (2) is less than 0.86.

             (4)  For the purposes of subsection (1), the emissions intensity of a generation asset not covered by subsection (2) is the number that, in the opinion of the Authority, should be treated as the emissions intensity of the generation asset, having regard to the following matters:

                     (a)  any documents relating to the design of the generation asset;

                     (b)  any contracts for the supply of fuel for combustion in the generation asset for the purposes of the generation of electricity;

                     (c)  if the generation asset is a generation complex that has entered service—the number worked out to 3 decimal places using the formula set out in subsection (5);

                     (d)  the report mentioned in paragraph 178(1)(f);

                     (e)  such other matters (if any) as the Authority considers relevant.

             (5)  The formula mentioned in paragraph (4)(c) is:

where:

carbon dioxide equivalence of emissions means the total number of kilotonnes of the carbon dioxide equivalence of the greenhouse gases emitted from the combustion of fuel in the generation complex for the purposes of the generation of electricity during the period when the generation complex was in service.

gigawatt hours of electricity generated means the number of gigawatt hours of electricity generated by the generation complex during the period when the generation complex was in service.

             (6)  However, the emissions intensity of a generation asset not covered by subsection (2) is taken to be 0.86 if the number worked out under subsection (4) is less than 0.86.


 

Division 4Windfall gain

183  No assistance for 2014‑2015 or 2015‑2016 if a windfall gain declaration is in force etc.

             (1)  The Minister may, before 1 August 2014, by writing, determine that no free Australian emissions units that have a vintage year of:

                     (a)  the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2014; or

                     (b)  the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2015;

are to be issued in accordance with this Part in respect of a specified generation asset.

             (2)  The Minister must not make a determination under subsection (1) in relation to a generation asset unless a windfall gain declaration is in force in respect of the generation asset.

             (3)  A copy of a determination under subsection (1) is to be given to:

                     (a)  the Authority; and

                     (b)  the person who made a submission under section 185 in relation to the generation asset.

             (4)  The Authority must publish the copy on its website.

             (5)  A determination under subsection (1) is not a legislative instrument.

184  Revocation of Ministerial determination

             (1)  This section applies if the Minister has made a determination under subsection 183(1) in relation to a generation asset, and:

                     (a)  all of the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  the decision to make a windfall gain declaration in relation to the generation asset is set aside by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal;

                             (ii)  the Administrative Appeals Tribunal makes a decision in substitution for the decision so set aside;

                            (iii)  the substituted decision is a decision not to make a windfall gain declaration in relation to the generation asset; or

                     (b)  all of the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  the decision to make a windfall gain declaration in relation to the generation asset is set aside by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal;

                             (ii)  the Administrative Appeals Tribunal remits the decision for reconsideration by the Authority;

                            (iii)  the Authority reconsiders the decision and decides not to make a windfall gain declaration in relation to the generation asset; or

                     (c)  all of the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  the decision to make a windfall gain declaration in relation to the generation asset is remitted by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal to the Authority for reconsideration of the decision;

                             (ii)  the Authority sets the decision aside and makes a decision in substitution for the decision set aside;

                            (iii)  the substituted decision is a decision not to make the windfall gain declaration in relation to the generation asset; or

                     (d)  both of the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  the decision to make a windfall gain declaration in relation to the generation asset is quashed or set aside by a court;

                             (ii)  60 days pass, and neither the Authority nor the Administrative Appeals Tribunal has made, in substitution for the decision quashed or set aside, a decision to make a windfall gain declaration in relation to the generation asset.

Revocation of determination

             (2)  The Minister must revoke the subsection 183(1) determination.

Issue of free Australian emissions units

             (3)  If the tenth business day after the day on which the subsection 183(1) determination was revoked is later than 1 September 2014, subsection 176(2) has effect, in relation to free Australian emissions units required to be issued in respect of the generation asset for the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2014, as if the reference in that subsection to 1 September in the eligible financial year were instead a reference to that tenth business day.

             (4)  If the tenth business day after the day on which the subsection 183(1) determination was revoked is later than 1 September 2015, subsection 176(2) has effect, in relation to free Australian emissions units required to be issued in respect of the generation asset for the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2015, as if the reference in that subsection to 1 September in the eligible financial year were instead a reference to that tenth business day.

185  Submission about windfall gain

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a generation asset if free Australian emissions units with a vintage year beginning on 1 July 2013 were issued to a person in accordance with this Part in respect of the generation asset.

Submission

             (2)  The person must, before 30 September 2013, make a written submission to the Authority:

                     (a)  stating whether or not the person is of the opinion that the generation asset passes the windfall gain test; and

                     (b)  setting out the person’s reasons for that opinion.

             (3)  A submission under subsection (2) must:

                     (a)  be in a form approved, in writing, by the Authority; and

                     (b)  contain such information as is specified in a legislative instrument made by the Authority; and

                     (c)  contain such documents (if any) as are specified in a legislative instrument made by the Authority.

Compliance

             (4)  If the person breaches subsection (2) in relation to the generation asset, no free Australian emissions units that have a vintage year of:

                     (a)  the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2014; or

                     (b)  the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2015;

are to be issued in accordance with this Part in respect of the generation asset.

186  Windfall gain declaration

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a generation asset if:

                     (a)  a certificate of eligibility for coal‑fired generation assistance is in force in respect of the generation asset; and

                     (b)  a submission about the generation asset is made under section 185.

Windfall gain declaration

             (2)  Before 1 April 2014, the Authority must consider whether the generation asset passes the windfall gain test, and:

                     (a)  if the Authority is satisfied that the generation asset passes the windfall gain test—make a written declaration (a windfall gain declaration) that the generation asset passes the windfall gain test; or

                     (b)  if the Authority is not satisfied that the generation asset passes the windfall gain test—refuse to make a windfall gain declaration in relation to the generation asset.

Note:          For windfall gain test, see section 187.

             (3)  Before making a declaration under subsection (2), the Authority must:

                     (a)  publish a draft of the declaration on its website and invite people to make submissions to the Authority on the question of whether the declaration should be made; and

                     (b)  consider any submissions that were received within the time limit specified by the Authority when it published the draft declaration; and

                     (c)  consult the Australian Energy Regulator; and

                     (d)  consult the Australian Energy Market Commission established under the Australian Energy Market Commission Establishment Act 2004 of South Australia; and

                    (da)  consult the appropriate energy market operator; and

                     (e)  consult such other bodies (if any) as are specified in the regulations.

          (3A)  The time limit mentioned in paragraph (2)(b) must not be shorter than 30 days after the draft declaration is published.

             (4)  In making a decision under this section, the Authority:

                     (a)  may make such assumptions and estimates as the Authority considers reasonable; and

                     (b)  may have regard to such other matters as the Authority considers relevant.

             (5)  A copy of a windfall gain declaration is to be given to the Minister.

             (6)  The copy must be accompanied by a report setting out the Authority’s reasons for making the declaration.

             (7)  A copy of the declaration and a copy of the report are to be published on the Authority’s website.

             (8)  The Authority may remove from the version of the report published on its website any material that the Authority considers to be commercial‑in‑confidence.

             (9)  At least 14 days before the Authority:

                     (a)  gives a copy of the report to the Minister; or

                     (b)  publishes a copy of the report on the Authority’s website;

a copy of the report is to be given to the person who made the submission mentioned in paragraph (1)(b).

           (10)  A windfall gain declaration is not a legislative instrument.

187  Windfall gain test

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a generation asset if a certificate of eligibility for coal‑fired generation assistance is in force in respect of the generation asset.

Windfall gain test

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, the generation asset passes the windfall gain test if:

                     (a)  it is likely that:

                              (i)  there will be a projected long‑term net revenue loss in respect of the generation asset; and

                             (ii)  the total value of assistance in respect of the generation asset will exceed that projected long‑term net revenue loss; or

                     (b)  it is likely that there will be a projected long‑term net revenue gain in respect of the generation asset.

Note 1:       For projected long‑term net revenue loss, see subsection (4) or (5).

Note 2:       For total value of assistance, see subsection (3).

Note 3:       For projected long‑term net revenue gain, see subsection (6) or (7).

Total value of assistance

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, the total value of assistance in respect of the generation asset is the sum of the net present values of:

                     (a)  the market value of free Australian emissions units with the following vintage years:

                              (i)  the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2011;

                             (ii)  the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2012;

                            (iii)  the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2013;

                            issued in accordance with this Part in respect of the generation asset; and

                     (b)  the projected market value of free Australian emissions units with a vintage year of:

                              (i)  the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2014;

                             (ii)  the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2015;

                            to be issued in accordance with this Part in respect of the generation asset.

Projected long‑term net revenue loss—generation complexes

             (4)  For the purposes of the application of this section to a generation asset that is a generation complex, if the net present value of the projected net revenue derived from the operation of the generation asset during the 15‑year period beginning on 1 July 2011 falls short of the amount that would have been the net present value of the projected net revenue derived from the operation of the generation asset if:

                     (a)  this Act had not been enacted; and

                     (b)  the Renewable Energy (Electricity) Act 2000, as in force at the start of 3 June 2007, had never been amended;

then:

                     (c)  there is a projected long‑term net revenue loss in respect of the generation asset; and

                     (d)  the amount of the projected long‑term net revenue loss is equal to the shortfall.

Projected long‑term net revenue loss—generation complex projects

             (5)  For the purposes of the application of this section to a generation asset that is a generation complex project, if the net present value of the projected net revenue derived from the operation of the proposed generation complex during the 15‑year period beginning on 1 July 2011 falls short of the amount that would have been the net present value of the projected net revenue derived from the operation of the proposed generation complex if:

                     (a)  this Act had not been enacted; and

                     (b)  the Renewable Energy (Electricity) Act 2000, as in force at the start of 3 June 2007, had never been amended;

then:

                     (c)  there is a projected long‑term net revenue loss in respect of the generation asset; and

                     (d)  the amount of the projected long‑term net revenue loss is equal to the shortfall.

Projected long‑term net revenue gain—generation complexes

             (6)  For the purposes of the application of this section to a generation asset that is a generation complex, if the net present value of the projected net revenue derived from the operation of the generation asset during the 15‑year period beginning on 1 July 2011 equals or exceeds the amount that would have been the net present value of the projected net revenue derived from the operation of the generation asset if:

                     (a)  this Act had not been enacted; and

                     (b)  the Renewable Energy (Electricity) Act 2000, as it stood at the start of 3 June 2007, had never been amended;

there is a projected long‑term net revenue gain in respect of the generation asset.

Projected long‑term net revenue gain—generation complex projects

             (7)  For the purposes of the application of this section to a generation asset that is a generation complex project, if the net present value of the projected net revenue derived from the operation of the proposed generation complex during the 15‑year period beginning on 1 July 2011 equals or exceeds the amount that would have been the net present value of the projected net revenue derived from the operation of the proposed generation complex if:

                     (a)  this Act had not been enacted; and

                     (b)  the Renewable Energy (Electricity) Act 2000, as it stood at the start of 3 June 2007, had never been amended;

there is a projected long‑term net revenue gain in respect of the generation asset.

Calculation of values and amounts

             (8)  For the purposes of this section, each of the following:

                     (a)  net present value;

                     (b)  market value;

                     (c)  projected market value;

                     (d)  net revenue;

                     (e)  projected net revenue;

is to be calculated in a manner ascertained in accordance with a legislative instrument made by the Authority.

             (9)  In making an instrument under subsection (8) that relates to the calculation of:

                     (a)  net revenue; or

                     (b)  projected net revenue;

the Authority must have regard to:

                     (c)  the effect of any contract for the supply of electricity that was entered into before 3 June 2007; and

                     (d)  such other matters (if any) as the Authority considers relevant.

           (10)  Before making an instrument under subsection (8), the Authority must:

                     (a)  publish a draft of the instrument on its website and invite people to make submissions to the Authority on the question of whether the instrument should be made; and

                     (b)  consider any submissions that were received within the time limit specified by the Authority when it published the draft instrument.

           (11)  The time limit must not be shorter than 30 days after the draft instrument is published.

           (12)  The Authority must take all reasonable steps to ensure that:

                     (a)  a draft of an instrument under subsection (8) is published under paragraph (10)(a) before 1 April 2013; and

                     (b)  an instrument is made under subsection (8) before 1 July 2013.

Assumptions

           (13)  For the purposes of the application of this section to a generation asset that is a generation complex, it is to be assumed that no modifications to the generation complex were undertaken, or proposed to be undertaken, at any time during the period:

                     (a)  beginning on 3 June 2007; and

                     (b)  ending at the end of 30 June 2026.

           (14)  For the purposes of the application of this section to a generation asset that is a generation complex project, it is to be assumed that no modifications were made to the project after the start of 3 June 2007.

           (15)  For the purposes of this section, assume that sections 183, 185 and 188 had never been enacted.


 

Division 5Power system reliability

188  No assistance if generation asset does not pass the power system reliability test

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a generation asset if:

                     (a)  a certificate of eligibility for coal‑fired generation assistance is in force in respect of the generation asset; and

                     (b)  the generation asset is a generation complex.

No assistance if generation complex does not pass the power system reliability test

             (2)  No free Australian emissions units with a vintage year of a particular eligible financial year are to be issued in accordance with this Part in respect of the generation complex if the generation complex does not pass the power system reliability test in relation to the eligible financial year.

189  Power system reliability test

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a generation complex if a certificate of eligibility for coal‑fired generation assistance is in force in respect of the generation complex.

Power system reliability test

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, the generation complex passes the power system reliability test in relation to an eligible financial year if:

                     (a)  the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  as at the start of 1 September in the eligible financial year, a person who owns, controls or operates the generation complex is registered as a generator under a law of the Commonwealth, a State or Territory relating to the regulation of energy markets;

                             (ii)  as at the start of 3 June 2007, the nameplate rating in megawatts of the generation complex was registered under such a law;

                            (iii)  as at the start of 1 September in the eligible financial year, the nameplate rating in megawatts of the generation complex was not less than the nameplate rating in megawatts of the generation complex that was registered under that law as at the start of 3 June 2007; or

                     (b)  the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  as at the start of 1 September in the eligible financial year, a person who owns, controls or operates the generation complex is registered as a generator under a law of the Commonwealth, a State or Territory relating to the regulation of energy markets;

                             (ii)  the nameplate rating in megawatts of the generation complex was first registered under the law at a time after the start of 3 June 2007 but before 1 September in the eligible financial year;

                            (iii)  as at the start of 1 September in the eligible financial year, the nameplate rating in megawatts of the generation complex was not less than the nameplate rating in megawatts that was registered as mentioned in subparagraph (ii); or

                     (c)  the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  neither paragraph (a) nor (b) applies;

                             (ii)  as at the start of 1 September in the eligible financial year, a person who owns, controls or operates the generation complex is registered as a generator under a law of the Commonwealth, a State or Territory relating to the regulation of energy markets;

                            (iii)  during the period beginning at the start of 3 June 2007 and ending immediately before 1 September in the eligible financial year, there was a reduction in the nameplate rating in megawatts of the generation complex;

                            (iv)  the appropriate energy market operator certifies in writing that there is unlikely to be a breach of power system reliability standards applicable to the energy market concerned at any time within 2 years after the reduction; or

                     (d)  the following conditions are satisfied:

                              (i)  neither paragraph (a) nor (b) applies;

                             (ii)  at a time before 1 September in the eligible financial year, a person who owns, controls or operates the generation complex was registered as a generator under a law of the Commonwealth, a State or Territory relating to the regulation of energy markets;

                            (iii)  during the period beginning at the start of 3 June 2007 and ending immediately before 1 September in the eligible financial year, the registration ceased to be in force;

                            (iv)  the appropriate energy market operator certifies in writing that there is unlikely to be a breach of power system reliability standards applicable to the energy market concerned at any time within 2 years after the cessation.

189A   Anticipatory certification—reduction in nameplate rating

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a generation complex if a person who owns, controls or operates the generation complex is registered as a generator under a law of the Commonwealth, a State or Territory relating to the regulation of energy markets.

Application

             (2)  The person may apply, in writing, to the appropriate energy market operator to certify that if a proposed reduction in the nameplate rating in megawatts of the generation complex were to occur during the period:

                     (a)  beginning at the start of 3 June 2007; and

                     (b)  ending immediately before 1 September in a specified eligible financial year;

there is unlikely to be a breach of power system reliability standards applicable to the energy market concerned at any time within 2 years after the reduction.

Certification

             (3)  If an application is made under subsection (2), the appropriate energy market operator may:

                     (a)  certify in accordance with the application; or

                     (b)  refuse to so certify.

             (4)  If, within 120 days after receiving an application under subsection (2), the appropriate energy market operator has neither:

                     (a)  certified in accordance with the application; nor

                     (b)  refused to so certify;

the appropriate energy market operator is taken, for the purposes of this Act, to have certified in accordance with the application.

Consequences of certification

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  the appropriate energy market operator certifies in accordance with the application; and

                     (b)  the proposed reduction occurs;

then, for the purposes of subparagraph 189(2)(c)(iv), the appropriate energy market operator is taken to have certified in writing that there is unlikely to be a breach of power system reliability standards applicable to the energy market concerned at any time within 2 years after the reduction.

189B   Anticipatory certification—cessation of registration as a generator

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a generation complex if a person who owns, controls or operates the generation complex is registered as a generator under a law of the Commonwealth, a State or Territory relating to the regulation of energy markets.

Application

             (2)  The person may apply, in writing, to the appropriate energy market operator to certify that if a proposed cessation of the registration were to occur during the period:

                     (a)  beginning at the start of 3 June 2007; and

                     (b)  ending immediately before 1 September in a specified eligible financial year;

there is unlikely to be a breach of power system reliability standards applicable to the energy market concerned at any time within 2 years after the cessation.

Certification

             (3)  If an application is made under subsection (2), the appropriate energy market operator may:

                     (a)  certify in accordance with the application; or

                     (b)  refuse to so certify.

             (4)  If, within 120 days after receiving an application under subsection (2), the appropriate energy market operator has neither:

                     (a)  certified in accordance with the application; nor

                     (b)  refused to so certify;

the appropriate energy market operator is taken, for the purposes of this Act, to have certified in accordance with the application.

Consequences of certification

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  the appropriate energy market operator certifies in accordance with the application; and

                     (b)  the proposed cessation occurs;

then, for the purposes of subparagraph 189(2)(d)(iv), the appropriate energy market operator is taken to have certified in writing that there is unlikely to be a breach of power system reliability standards applicable to the energy market concerned at any time within 2 years after the cessation.


 

Part 10Reforestation

Division 1Introduction

190  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      Free Australian emissions units may be issued in relation to eligible reforestation projects.

•      The number of free units will be worked out by reference to:

               (a)     the net total number of tonnes of greenhouse gases that, under the regulations, is taken to be removed by the forest stand or stands to which the project relates; and

               (b)     the reforestation unit limit determined by the Authority for the project.

•      Free units will be issued to the holder of the carbon sequestration right in relation to the project, so long as the holder is recognised as a reforestation entity by the Authority.

•      The Authority may declare a reforestation project to be an eligible reforestation project.

•      A reforestation report relating to an eligible reforestation project must be given to the Authority for a reforestation reporting period. A reforestation reporting period is a period of not more than 5 years and not less than 12 months.

•      Australian emissions units may be required to be relinquished in certain circumstances.

•      A forest maintenance obligation may be imposed on the holder of the forestry right in relation to an area or areas of land if a relinquishment requirement has not been complied with.

•      A Registrar of Titles may make entries on land titles for the purposes of drawing the attention of persons to the existence of eligible reforestation projects and forest maintenance obligations.

•      There is to be a Register of Reforestation Projects, which is to be made available for inspection on the Authority’s website.


 

Division 2Issue of free Australian emissions units in respect of reforestation

191  Issue of free Australian emissions units in respect of reforestation

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a certificate of reforestation is in force.

Note:          For certificate of reforestation, see section 195.

Issue of free units

             (2)  As soon as practicable after the day on which the certificate was issued, the Authority must issue to the holder of the certificate a number of free Australian emissions units equal to the number specified in the certificate as the unit entitlement for that certificate.

          (2A)  Free Australian emissions units issued in accordance with subsection (2) during the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2011 are to have a vintage year beginning on 1 July 2012.

             (3)  Free Australian emissions units issued in accordance with subsection (2) during an eligible financial year (other than the eligible financial year beginning on 1 July 2011) are to have a vintage year of the eligible financial year.

             (4)  The Authority must not issue a free Australian emissions unit to a person in accordance with subsection (2) unless the person has a Registry account.


 

Division 3Certificate of reforestation

192  Application for certificate of reforestation

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person gives a reforestation report to the Authority; and

                     (b)  the reforestation report is in respect of an eligible reforestation project for a reforestation reporting period;

the person may apply to the Authority for the issue to the person of a certificate of reforestation in respect of the project for the period.

Note 1:       For reforestation report, see section 225.

Note 2:       For eligible reforestation project, see section 209.

Note 3:       For reforestation reporting period, see section 223 or 224.

             (2)  An application may be set out in the same document as the reforestation report.

             (3)  For the purposes of section 136.1 of the Criminal Code, a statement in the reforestation report is taken to be a statement made in connection with the application.

193  Form of application

                   An application must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  be in a form approved, in writing, by the Authority.

194  Further information

             (1)  The Authority may, by written notice given to an applicant, require the applicant to give the Authority, within the period specified in the notice, further information in connection with the application.

             (2)  If the applicant breaches the requirement, the Authority may, by written notice given to the applicant:

                     (a)  refuse to consider the application; or

                     (b)  refuse to take any action, or any further action, in relation to the application.

195  Issue of certificate of reforestation

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an application under section 192 has been made for the issue of a certificate of reforestation in respect of an eligible reforestation project for a reforestation reporting period.

Issue of certificate

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the Authority is satisfied that the applicant is a recognised reforestation entity; and

                     (b)  the Authority is satisfied that the applicant holds the carbon sequestration right in relation to the project; and

                     (c)  the applicant is not subject to a requirement under this Part to relinquish a number of Australian emissions units; and

                     (d)  no amount is payable by the applicant under:

                              (i)  section 287; or

                             (ii)  section 288;

                            in relation to a requirement under this Part to relinquish a number of Australian emissions units; and

                     (e)  if any Australian emissions units have previously been issued in accordance with this Part—the number worked out using the formula set out in subsection (3) exceeds 0; and

                      (f)  the number worked out using the formula set out in subsection (4) exceeds 0; and

                     (g)  if the regulations specify one or more other eligibility requirements—the Authority is satisfied that those requirements are met;

the Authority must issue a certificate of reforestation in respect of the eligible reforestation project for the reforestation reporting period.

Note 1:       For recognised reforestation entity, see section 201.

Note 2:       For carbon sequestration right, see section 240.

             (3)  The formula mentioned in paragraph (2)(e) is:

where:

net total number of tonnes of greenhouse gases removed is the net total number of tonnes of greenhouse gases that, under the regulations, is taken to be removed by the forest stand or stands to which the project relates during the period:

                     (a)  beginning on the day the section 209 declaration in relation to the project took effect; and

                     (b)  ending at the end of the reforestation reporting period.

             (4)  The formula mentioned in paragraph (2)(f) is:

Note:          For reforestation unit limit, see section 220.

             (5)  A certificate of reforestation must state that a specified number is the unit entitlement in respect of the certificate.

Note:          See section 196 (unit entitlement).

Timing

             (6)  The Authority must take all reasonable steps to ensure that a decision is made on the application:

                     (a)  if the Authority requires the applicant to give further information under subsection 194(1) in relation to the application—within 90 days after the applicant gave the Authority the information; or

                     (b)  otherwise—within 90 days after the application was made.

Refusal

             (7)  If the Authority decides to refuse to issue a certificate of reforestation, the Authority must give written notice of the decision to the applicant.

Computer program

             (8)  Regulations made for the purposes of subsection (3) may provide for a number to be worked out wholly or partly using a computer program specified in a legislative instrument made by the Authority under this subsection.

196  Unit entitlement

             (1)  The number to be specified in a certificate of reforestation in respect of an eligible reforestation project for a reforestation reporting period as the unit entitlement in respect of the certificate is the lesser of the following numbers:

                     (a)  the number worked out using the formula set out in subsection (2);

                     (b)  the number worked out using the following formula:

Note:          For reforestation unit limit, see section 220.

             (2)  The formula mentioned in paragraph (1)(a) is:

where:

net total number of tonnes of greenhouse gases removed is the net total number of tonnes of greenhouse gases that, under the regulations, is taken to be removed by the forest stand or stands to which the project relates during the period:

                     (a)  beginning on the day the section 209 declaration in relation to the project took effect; and

                     (b)  ending at the end of the reforestation reporting period.

             (3)  If the number worked out using the formula set out in subsection (2) is not a whole number, the number is to be rounded to the nearest whole number (with a number ending in .5 being rounded up).

             (4)  Regulations made for the purposes of subsection (2) may provide for a number to be worked out wholly or partly using a computer program specified in a legislative instrument made by the Authority under this subsection.

197  Certificate of reforestation is not transferable

                   A certificate of reforestation is not transferable.


 

Division 4Recognised reforestation entities

198  Application for recognition as a reforestation entity

                   A person may apply to the Authority for recognition as a reforestation entity.

199  Form of application

             (1)  An application must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  be in a form approved, in writing, by the Authority; and

                     (c)  be accompanied by such information as is specified in the regulations; and

                     (d)  be accompanied by such documents (if any) as are specified in the regulations; and

                     (e)  be accompanied by the fee (if any) specified in the regulations.

             (2)  The approved form of application may provide for verification by statutory declaration of statements in applications.

             (3)  A fee specified under paragraph (1)(e) must not be such as to amount to taxation.

200  Further information

             (1)  The Authority may, by written notice given to an applicant, require the applicant to give the Authority, within the period specified in the notice, further information in connection with the application.

             (2)  If the applicant breaches the requirement, the Authority may, by written notice given to the applicant:

                     (a)  refuse to consider the application; or

                     (b)  refuse to take any action, or any further action, in relation to the application.

201  Recognition as a reforestation entity

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an application under section 198 has been made for recognition as a reforestation entity.

Recognition

             (2)  After considering the application, the Authority may, by written notice given to the applicant, recognise the applicant as a reforestation entity.

Criteria for recognition

             (3)  The Authority must not recognise the applicant as a reforestation entity unless:

                     (a)  the Authority is satisfied that the applicant is a fit and proper person, having regard to the following:

                              (i)  whether the applicant has been convicted of an offence against a law of the Commonwealth, a State or Territory, where the offence relates to dishonest conduct;

                             (ii)  whether the applicant has been convicted of an offence against a law of the Commonwealth, a State or Territory, where the offence relates to the conduct of a business;

                            (iii)  whether the applicant has been convicted of an offence against section 136.1, 137.1 or 137.2 of the Criminal Code;

                            (iv)  whether an order has been made against the applicant under section 76 of the Trade Practices Act 1974;

                             (v)  whether the applicant has breached this Act or the associated provisions;

                            (vi)  if the applicant is a body corporate—whether an executive officer of the body corporate has been convicted of an offence against a law of the Commonwealth, a State or Territory, where the offence relates to dishonest conduct;

                           (vii)  if the applicant is a body corporate—whether an executive officer of the body corporate has been convicted of an offence against a law of the Commonwealth, a State or Territory, where the offence relates to the conduct of a business;

                           (viii)  if the applicant is a body corporate—whether an executive officer of the body corporate has been convicted of an offence against section 136.1, 137.1 or 137.2 of the Criminal Code;

                            (ix)  if the applicant is a body corporate—whether an order has been made against an executive officer of the body corporate under section 76 of the Trade Practices Act 1974;

                             (x)  if the applicant is a body corporate—whether an executive officer of the body corporate has breached this Act or the associated provisions;

                            (xi)  such other matters (if any) as the Authority considers relevant; and

                     (b)  if the applicant is an individual—the Authority is satisfied that the applicant is not an insolvent under administration; and

                     (c)  if the applicant is a body corporate—the Authority is satisfied that the applicant is not an externally‑administered body corporate; and

                     (d)  if the regulations specify one or more other eligibility requirements—the Authority is satisfied that those requirements are met.

             (4)  Subparagraphs (3)(a)(i) to (x) do not limit subparagraph (3)(a)(xi).

Timing

             (5)  The Authority must take all reasonable steps to ensure that a decision is made on the application:

                     (a)  if the Authority requires the applicant to give further information under subsection 200(1) in relation to the application—within 90 days after the applicant gave the Authority the information; or

                     (b)  otherwise—within 90 days after the application was made.

Refusal

             (6)  If the Authority decides to refuse to recognise the applicant as a reforestation entity, the Authority must give written notice of the decision to the applicant.

202  Cancellation of recognition

             (1)  The Authority may cancel the recognition of a person as a reforestation entity if:

                     (a)  the Authority is satisfied that the person is not a fit and proper person, having regard to the following:

                              (i)  whether the person has been convicted of an offence against a law of the Commonwealth, a State or Territory, where the offence relates to dishonest conduct;

                             (ii)  whether the person has been convicted of an offence against a law of the Commonwealth, a State or Territory, where the offence relates to the conduct of a business;

                            (iii)  whether the person has been convicted of an offence against section 136.1, 137.1 or 137.2 of the Criminal Code;

                            (iv)  whether an order has been made against the person under section 76 of the Trade Practices Act 1974;

                             (v)  whether the person has breached this Act or the associated provisions;

                            (vi)  if the person is a body corporate—whether an executive officer of the body corporate has been convicted of an offence against a law of the Commonwealth, a State or Territory, where the offence relates to dishonest conduct;

                           (vii)  if the person is a body corporate—whether an executive officer of the body corporate has been convicted of an offence against a law of the Commonwealth, a State or Territory, where the offence relates to the conduct of a business;

                           (viii)  if the person is a body corporate—whether an executive officer of the body corporate has been convicted of an offence against section 136.1, 137.1 or 137.2 of the Criminal Code;

                            (ix)  if the person is a body corporate—whether an order has been made against an executive officer of the body corporate under section 76 of the Trade Practices Act 1974;

                             (x)  if the person is a body corporate—whether an executive officer of the body corporate has breached this Act or the associated provisions;

                            (xi)  such other matters (if any) as the Authority considers relevant; or

                     (b)  if the person is an individual—the Authority is satisfied that the person is an insolvent under administration; or

                     (c)  if the person is a body corporate—the Authority is satisfied that the person is an externally‑administered body corporate; or

                     (d)  if the regulations specify one or more other grounds for cancellation—the Authority is satisfied that at least one of those grounds is applicable to the person.

             (2)  Subparagraphs (1)(a)(i) to (x) do not limit subparagraph (1)(a)(xi).

203  Surrender of recognition

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a person is recognised as a reforestation entity.

Surrender

             (2)  The person may, by written notice given to the Authority, surrender the person’s recognition.

             (3)  The surrender takes effect on the day the notice is received by the Authority or, if a later day is specified in the notice, on that later day.

204  Recognition is not transferable

                   If a person is recognised as a reforestation entity, the person’s recognition is not transferable.


 

Division 5Eligible reforestation projects

Subdivision ADeclaration of eligible reforestation project

205  Application for declaration of eligible reforestation project

                   A person may apply to the Authority for the declaration of a reforestation project as an eligible reforestation project.

206  Form of application

             (1)  An application must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  be in a form approved, in writing, by the Authority; and

                     (c)  be accompanied by such information as is specified in the regulations; and

                     (d)  be accompanied by such other documents (if any) as are specified in the regulations; and

                     (e)  be accompanied by the fee (if any) specified in the regulations.

             (2)  The approved form of application may provide for verification by statutory declaration of statements in applications.

             (3)  A fee specified under paragraph (1)(e) must not be such as to amount to taxation.

207  Further information

             (1)  The Authority may, by written notice given to an applicant, require the applicant to give the Authority, within the period specified in the notice, further information in connection with the application.

             (2)  If the applicant breaches the requirement, the Authority may, by written notice given to the applicant:

                     (a)  refuse to consider the application; or

                     (b)  refuse to take any action, or any further action, in relation to the application.

208  Withdrawal of application

             (1)  An applicant may withdraw the application at any time before the Authority makes a decision on the application.

             (2)  This Act does not prevent the applicant from making a fresh application.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  the applicant withdraws the application; and

                     (b)  the applicant has paid a fee in relation to the application;

the Authority must, on behalf of the Commonwealth, refund the application fee.

209  Declaration of eligible reforestation project

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an application under section 205 has been made for a declaration of a reforestation project as an eligible reforestation project.

Declaration

             (2)  After considering the application, the Authority may, by writing, declare that the reforestation project is an eligible reforestation project for the purposes of this Act.

             (3)  A declaration under subsection (2) must:

                     (a)  identify, in accordance with the regulations, the project area or project areas; and

                     (b)  identify such other attributes of the project as are specified in the regulations.

Criteria for declaration

             (4)  The Authority must not declare that the reforestation project is an eligible reforestation project unless the Authority is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the project area, or each project area, meets the requirements set out in subsection (5); and

                     (b)  if the project area is, or the project areas are, Torrens system land—the project area is, or the project areas are, held under a single title; and

                     (c)  the applicant is a recognised reforestation entity; and

                     (d)  the applicant holds the carbon sequestration right in relation to the project; and

                     (e)  each of the following has consented, in writing, to the making of the application:

                              (i)  if the applicant does not hold an estate in fee simple in the project area or project areas—the person who holds an estate in fee simple in the project area or project areas;

                             (ii)  if the applicant does not hold the forestry right in relation to the project—the person who holds the forestry right in relation to the project;

                            (iii)  any mortgagee of the project area or project areas registered in accordance with a law of a State or Territory; and

                      (f)  if:

                              (i)  the project area is, or the project areas are, Crown land in a State or Territory; and

                             (ii)  the applicant is not the State or Territory;

                            the principal State Minister of the State, or the principal Territory Minister of the Territory, as the case requires, has certified in writing that:

                            (iii)  the applicant holds the carbon sequestration right in relation to the project; and

                            (iv)  the State or Territory will not deal with the project area or project areas, and will not consent to any other person dealing with the project area or project areas, in a way that is inconsistent with the carbon sequestration right; and

                     (g)  the project meets the eligibility requirements (if any) specified in the regulations.

             (5)  The requirements mentioned in paragraph (4)(a) are:

                     (a)  the project area is, or the project areas are, Torrens system land; or

                     (b)  the following conditions are satisfied in relation to the project area or project areas:

                              (i)  the project area is not, or the project areas are not, general law land;

                             (ii)  the project area is not, or the project areas are not, specified in the regulations.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 13(3) of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

Timing

             (6)  The Authority must take all reasonable steps to ensure that a decision is made on the application:

                     (a)  if the Authority requires the applicant to give further information under subsection 207(1) in relation to the application—within 90 days after the applicant gave the Authority the information; or

                     (b)  otherwise—within 90 days after the application was made.

When a declaration takes effect

             (7)  A declaration under subsection (2) takes effect:

                     (a)  immediately after it is made; or

                     (b)  if:

                              (i)  an earlier day is specified in the declaration; and

                             (ii)  the applicant has consented to the specification of the earlier day;

                            on the day specified.

             (8)  The specified day must not be a day that is earlier than the later of:

                     (a)  1 July 2010; or

                     (b)  the first day of the 5‑year period ending when the application for the declaration was made.

Notification of declaration

             (9)  As soon as practicable after making a declaration under subsection (2), the Authority must give a copy of the declaration to the applicant.

Refusal

           (10)  If the Authority decides to refuse to declare the reforestation project as an eligible reforestation project, the Authority must give written notice of the decision to the applicant.

Declaration is not legislative instrument

           (11)  A declaration made under subsection (2) is not a legislative instrument.

Subdivision BVoluntary variation of declaration of eligible reforestation project

210  Application for variation of declaration of eligible reforestation project

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a reforestation report is given to the Authority; and

                     (b)  the reforestation report is in respect of an eligible reforestation project to which a declaration under section 209 relates.

Note:          For reforestation report, see section 225.

Application for variation of declaration

             (2)  A person may apply to the Authority for the variation of the declaration so far as the declaration identifies the project area or project areas.

Form of application

             (3)  An application must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  be in a form approved, in writing, by the Authority; and

                     (c)  be accompanied by such information as is specified in the regulations; and

                     (d)  be accompanied by such other documents (if any) as are specified in the regulations; and

                     (e)  be accompanied by the fee (if any) specified in the regulations.

             (4)  The approved form of application may provide for verification by statutory declaration of statements in applications.

             (5)  A fee specified under paragraph (3)(e) must not be such as to amount to taxation.

Further information

             (6)  The Authority may, by written notice given to an applicant, require the applicant to give the Authority, within the period specified in the notice, further information in connection with the application.

             (7)  If the applicant breaches the requirement, the Authority may, by written notice given to the applicant:

                     (a)  refuse to consider the application; or

                     (b)  refuse to take any action, or any further action, in relation to the application.

211  Withdrawal of application

             (1)  An applicant may withdraw the application at any time before the Authority makes a decision on the application.

             (2)  This Act does not prevent the applicant from making a fresh application.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  the applicant withdraws the application; and

                     (b)  the applicant has paid a fee in relation to the application;

the Authority must, on behalf of the Commonwealth, refund the application fee.

212  Variation of declaration of eligible reforestation project

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an application under section 210 has been made for the variation of a declaration of a reforestation project as an eligible reforestation project.

Declaration

             (2)  After considering the application, the Authority may, by writing, vary the declaration in accordance with the application.

Criteria for declaration

             (3)  The Authority must not vary the declaration of the reforestation project unless the Authority is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the varied project area, or each varied project area, meets the requirements set out in subsection (4); and

                     (b)  if the varied project area is, or the varied project areas are, Torrens system land—the varied project area is, or the varied project areas are, held under a single title; and

                     (c)  the applicant is a recognised reforestation entity; and

                     (d)  the applicant holds the carbon sequestration right in relation to the varied project; and

                     (e)  each of the following has consented, in writing, to the making of the application:

                              (i)  if the applicant does not hold an estate in fee simple in the varied project area or varied project areas—the person who holds an estate in fee simple in the varied project area or varied project areas;

                             (ii)  if the applicant does not hold the forestry right in relation to the varied project—the person who holds the forestry right in relation to the varied project;

                            (iii)  any mortgagee of the varied project area or varied project areas registered in accordance with a law of a State or Territory; and

                      (f)  if:

                              (i)  the varied project area is, or the varied project areas are, Crown land in a State or Territory; and

                             (ii)  the applicant is not the State or Territory;

                            the principal State Minister of the State, or the principal Territory Minister of the Territory, as the case requires, has certified in writing that:

                            (iii)  the applicant holds the carbon sequestration right in relation to the varied project; and

                            (iv)  the State or Territory will not deal with the varied project area or varied project areas, and will not consent to any other person dealing with the varied project area or varied project areas, in a way that is inconsistent with the carbon sequestration right; and

                     (g)  the varied project meets the eligibility requirements (if any) specified in the regulations.

             (4)  The requirements mentioned in paragraph (3)(a) are:

                     (a)  the varied project area is, or the varied project areas are, Torrens system land; or

                     (b)  the following conditions are satisfied in relation to the varied project area or varied project areas:

                              (i)  the varied project area is not, or the varied project areas are not, general law land;

                             (ii)  the varied project area is not, or the varied project areas are not, specified in the regulations.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 13(3) of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

Timing

             (5)  The Authority must take all reasonable steps to ensure that a decision is made on the application:

                     (a)  if the Authority requires the applicant to give further information under subsection 210(6) in relation to the application—within 90 days after the applicant gave the Authority the information; or

                     (b)  otherwise—within 90 days after the application was made.

When a variation takes effect

             (6)  A variation under subsection (2) takes effect immediately after it is made.

Notification of variation

             (7)  As soon as practicable after varying a declaration under subsection (2), the Authority must give a copy of the variation to the applicant.

Refusal

             (8)  If the Authority decides to refuse to make the variation, the Authority must give written notice of the decision to the applicant.

References to eligible reforestation project

             (9)  If a declaration of an eligible reforestation project is varied under this section, a reference in this Act to the eligible reforestation project is a reference to the eligible reforestation project as varied.

Variation is not legislative instrument

           (10)  A variation under subsection (2) is not a legislative instrument.

Subdivision CUnilateral variation of declaration of eligible reforestation project

213  Variation of declaration of eligible reforestation project—partial cessation of reforestation activity

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a declaration is in force under section 209 in relation to a reforestation project; and

                     (b)  a part of an area of land identified in the declaration as the project area or a project area has remained clear of a forest stand for a continuous period of at least 5 years that began at a time when the declaration was in force.

Variation of declaration

             (2)  The Authority must, by writing, vary the declaration by excluding that part from the area of land identified in the declaration as the relevant project area.

Notification of variation

             (3)  As soon as practicable after varying the declaration, the Authority must give a copy of the variation to the person who holds the carbon sequestration right in relation to the project.

References to eligible reforestation project

             (4)  If a declaration of an eligible reforestation project is varied under this section, a reference in this Act to the eligible reforestation project is a reference to the eligible reforestation project as varied.

Variation is not legislative instrument

             (5)  A variation under subsection (2) is not a legislative instrument.

214  Variation of declaration of eligible reforestation project—eligibility requirements not met

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a declaration is in force under section 209 in relation to a reforestation project; and

                     (b)  the Authority is satisfied that a project that is being, or is to be, carried out in a part of an area of land identified in the declaration as the project area or a project area:

                              (i)  is not a reforestation project; or

                             (ii)  does not meet any or all of the eligibility requirements specified in regulations made for the purposes of paragraph 209(4)(g).

Variation of declaration

             (2)  The Authority may, by writing, vary the declaration by excluding that part from the area of land identified in the declaration as the relevant project area.

Consultation

             (3)  Before varying the declaration, the Authority must give the person who holds the carbon sequestration right in relation to the project a written notice:

                     (a)  informing the person of the proposed variation; and

                     (b)  inviting the person to make a submission to the Authority within 90 days after the notice was given, about the proposed variation.

             (4)  In deciding whether to vary the declaration, the Authority must have regard to:

                     (a)  a submission made in response to an invitation under subsection (3); and

                     (b)  such other matters (if any) as the Authority considers relevant.

Notification of variation

             (5)  As soon as practicable after varying the declaration, the Authority must give a copy of the variation to the person who holds the carbon sequestration right in relation to the project.

References to eligible reforestation project

             (6)  If a declaration of an eligible reforestation project is varied under this section, a reference in this Act to the eligible reforestation project is a reference to the eligible reforestation project as varied.

Variation is not legislative instrument

             (7)  A variation under subsection (2) is not a legislative instrument.

Subdivision DVoluntary revocation of declaration of eligible reforestation project

215  Voluntary revocation of declaration of eligible reforestation project—units issued

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a declaration is in force under section 209 in relation to a reforestation project; and

                     (b)  one or more Australian emissions units have been issued in relation to the project in accordance with this Part; and

                     (c)  the person who holds the carbon sequestration right in relation to the project applies to the Authority for the revocation of the declaration; and

                     (d)  before the application was made, the applicant voluntarily relinquished a number of Australian emissions units in order to satisfy a condition for revocation of the declaration; and

                     (e)  the number of relinquished units equals the net total number of Australian emissions units issued in relation to the project in accordance with this Part.

Revocation

             (2)  The Authority must, by writing, revoke the declaration.

Application

             (3)  An application under paragraph (1)(c) must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  be in a form approved, in writing, by the Authority.

Notification of revocation

             (4)  As soon as practicable after revoking the declaration, the Authority must give a copy of the revocation to the person who holds the carbon sequestration right in relation to the project.

Revocation is not legislative instrument

             (5)  A revocation under subsection (2) is not a legislative instrument.

216  Voluntary revocation of declaration of eligible reforestation project—no units issued

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a declaration is in force under section 209 in relation to a reforestation project; and

                     (b)  no Australian emissions units have been issued in relation to the project in accordance with this Part; and

                     (c)  the person who holds the carbon sequestration right in relation to the project applies to the Authority for the revocation of the declaration.

Revocation

             (2)  The Authority must, by writing, revoke the declaration.

Application

             (3)  An application under paragraph (1)(c) must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  be in a form approved, in writing, by the Authority.

Notification of revocation

             (4)  As soon as practicable after revoking the declaration, the Authority must give a copy of the revocation to the person who holds the carbon sequestration right in relation to the project.

Revocation is not legislative instrument

             (5)  A revocation under subsection (2) is not a legislative instrument.

Subdivision EUnilateral revocation of declaration of eligible reforestation project

217  Unilateral revocation of declaration of eligible reforestation project—cessation of reforestation activity

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a declaration is in force under section 209 in relation to a reforestation project; and

                     (b)  if there is a single area of land identified in the declaration as the project area—the whole of the area of land has remained clear of a forest stand for a continuous period of at least 5 years that began at a time when the declaration was in force; and

                     (c)  if there are 2 or more areas of land identified in the declaration as the project areas—the whole of each of those areas has remained clear of a forest stand for a continuous period of at least 5 years that began at a time when the declaration was in force.

Revocation of declaration

             (2)  The Authority must, by writing, revoke the declaration.

Notification of revocation

             (3)  As soon as practicable after revoking the declaration, the Authority must give a copy of the revocation to the person who holds the carbon sequestration right in relation to the project.

Revocation is not legislative instrument

             (4)  A revocation under subsection (2) is not a legislative instrument.

218  Unilateral revocation of declaration of eligible reforestation project—eligibility requirements not met

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a declaration is in force under section 209 in relation to a reforestation project; and

                     (b)  the Authority is satisfied that a project that is being, or is to be, carried out in an area identified in the declaration as the project area or a project area:

                              (i)  is not a reforestation project; or

                             (ii)  does not meet any or all of the eligibility requirements specified in regulations made for the purposes of paragraph 209(4)(g).

Revocation of declaration

             (2)  The Authority may, by writing, revoke the declaration.

Consultation

             (3)  Before revoking the declaration, the Authority must give the person who holds the carbon sequestration right in relation to the project a written notice:

                     (a)  informing the person of the proposed revocation; and

                     (b)  inviting the person to make a submission to the Authority, within 90 days after the notice was given, about the proposed revocation.

             (4)  In deciding whether to revoke the declaration, the Authority must have regard to:

                     (a)  a submission made in response to an invitation under subsection (3); and

                     (b)  such other matters (if any) as the Authority considers relevant.

Notification of revocation

             (5)  As soon as practicable after revoking the declaration, the Authority must give a copy of the revocation to the person who holds the carbon sequestration right in relation to the project.

Revocation is not legislative instrument

             (6)  A revocation under subsection (2) is not a legislative instrument.

219  Unilateral revocation of declaration of eligible reforestation project—ceasing to hold carbon sequestration right etc.

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a declaration is in force under section 209 in relation to a reforestation project; and

                     (b)  a person ceases to hold the carbon sequestration right in relation to the project; and

                     (c)  a relinquishment obligation transfer agreement was not in force in relation to the cessation within 90 days after the cessation occurred.

Revocation of declaration

             (2)  The Authority must, by writing, revoke the declaration.

Notification of revocation

             (3)  As soon as practicable after revoking the declaration, the Authority must give a copy of the revocation to:

                     (a)  the person who holds the carbon sequestration right in relation to the project; and

                     (b)  the person mentioned in paragraph (1)(b).

Revocation is not legislative instrument

             (4)  A revocation under subsection (2) is not a legislative instrument.


 

Division 6Reforestation unit limit

220  Reforestation unit limit

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if, under section 209, the Authority has declared a reforestation project to be an eligible reforestation project.

Declaration of reforestation unit limit

             (2)  As soon as practicable after making the declaration, the Authority must, by written notice given to the applicant for the declaration, declare that a specified number is the reforestation unit limit for the project.

             (3)  The number to be specified is the number that, under the regulations, is taken to be the projected net greenhouse gases removal number for the project, reduced (but not below zero) by the sum of the following numbers:

                     (a)  the number that, under the regulations, is taken to be the non‑CPRS greenhouse gases removal sales number for the project;

                     (b)  the number that, under the regulations, is taken to be 2008 carbon stock baseline number for the project.

             (4)  A notice under subsection (2) must be accompanied by a statement explaining how the reforestation unit limit for the project is calculated.

Declaration is not legislative instrument

             (5)  A declaration made under subsection (2) is not a legislative instrument.

Computer program

             (6)  Regulations made for the purposes of subsection (3) may provide for a number to be worked out wholly or partly using a computer program specified in a legislative instrument made by the Authority under this subsection.

221  Increase of reforestation unit limit

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if, at a particular time:

                     (a)  there is a reforestation unit limit for an eligible reforestation project; and

                     (b)  the number that would have been worked out at that time under section 220 would exceed the reforestation unit limit.

Increase of reforestation unit limit

             (2)  The Authority may, by written notice given to the person who holds the carbon sequestration right in relation to the project, increase the reforestation unit limit by an amount equal to the excess.

             (3)  A notice under subsection (2) must be accompanied by a statement explaining how the increase is calculated.

References to reforestation unit limit

             (4)  If a reforestation unit limit is increased under this section, a reference in this Act to the reforestation unit limit is a reference to the reforestation unit limit as increased.

Notice is not legislative instrument

             (5)  A notice given under subsection (2) is not a legislative instrument.

222  Decrease of reforestation unit limit

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if, at a particular time:

                     (a)  there is a reforestation unit limit for an eligible reforestation project; and

                     (b)  the number that would have been worked out at that time under section 220 would fall short of the reforestation unit limit.

Decrease of reforestation unit limit

             (2)  The Authority may, by written notice given to the person who holds the carbon sequestration right in relation to the project, decrease the reforestation unit limit by an amount equal to the shortfall.

             (3)  A notice under subsection (2) must be accompanied by a statement explaining how the decrease is calculated.

References to reforestation unit limit

             (4)  If a reforestation unit limit is decreased under this section, a reference in this Act to the reforestation unit limit is a reference to the reforestation unit limit as decreased.

Notice is not legislative instrument

             (5)  A notice given under subsection (2) is not a legislative instrument.


 

Division 7Reforestation reporting periods

223  First reforestation reporting period

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, the first reforestation reporting period for an eligible reforestation project is:

                     (a)  the 5‑year period that begins on the day the section 209 declaration in relation to the project takes effect; or

                     (b)  if another period is nominated under subsection (2)—the nominated period.

Nominated period

             (2)  A person may, by written notice given to the Authority, nominate a specified period as the first reforestation reporting period for an eligible reforestation project.

             (3)  The person is not entitled to nominate a period under subsection (2) unless:

                     (a)  the person holds the carbon sequestration right in relation to the project immediately before the end of the period; and

                     (b)  the period is:

                              (i)  at least 12 months; and

                             (ii)  less than 5 years; and

                     (c)  the period begins on the day that the section 209 declaration in relation to the project takes effect; and

                     (d)  if that declaration takes effect on a day that is earlier than the day the declaration is made—the period ends on or after the day the declaration is made; and

                     (e)  the notice under subsection (2) is given to the Authority within 40 days after the end of the period; and

                      (f)  a period has not previously been nominated under subsection (2) in relation to the project.

             (4)  A notice under subsection (2) may be set out in the same document as the reforestation report for the first reforestation reporting period.

224  Subsequent reforestation reporting periods

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a reforestation reporting period for an eligible reforestation project (other than the first reforestation reporting period for the project) is:

                     (a)  the 5‑year period that begins immediately after the end of the previous reforestation reporting period for the project; or

                     (b)  if:

                              (i)  another period is nominated under subsection (2); and

                             (ii)  the nominated period begins immediately after the end of the preceding reforestation reporting period;

                            the nominated period.

Nominated period

             (2)  A person may, by written notice given to the Authority, nominate a period as a reforestation reporting period for an eligible reforestation project.

             (3)  The person is not entitled to nominate a period under subsection (2) unless:

                     (a)  the person holds the carbon sequestration right in relation to the project immediately before the end of the period; and

                     (b)  the period is:

                              (i)  at least 12 months; and

                             (ii)  less than 5 years; and

                     (c)  the notice under subsection (2) is given to the Authority within 40 days after the end of the period; and

                     (d)  a period beginning immediately after the end of the preceding reforestation reporting period has not previously been nominated under subsection (2) in relation to the project.

             (4)  A notice under subsection (2) may be set out in the same document as the reforestation report for the reforestation reporting period.


 

Division 8Reforestation reporting requirements

225  Reforestation reports

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a person holds the carbon sequestration right in relation to an eligible reforestation project immediately before the end of a reforestation reporting period for the project.

Report

             (2)  The person must, in accordance with this section, give the Authority a written report (the reforestation report) about the project for the period.

             (3)  The reforestation report must:

                     (a)  be given in the manner and form prescribed by the regulations; and

                     (b)  set out the information specified in the regulations; and

                     (c)  be given to the Authority within 40 days after the end of the reforestation reporting period.

             (4)  Information specified in regulations made for the purposes of paragraph (3)(b) may relate to a matter arising before, during or after the reforestation reporting period.

Ancillary contraventions

             (5)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (2); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (2); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (2); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (2).

Civil penalty provisions

             (6)  Subsections (2) and (5) are civil penalty provisions.

Note:          Part 21 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.


 

Division 9Forest maintenance obligation

Subdivision AForest maintenance obligation

226  Forest maintenance obligation

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to one or more areas of land if:

                     (a)  a notice was given under section 232 or 233 in relation to a project that is or was an eligible reforestation project; and

                     (b)  the area was, or the areas were, identified in the relevant section 209 declaration as the project area or project areas for the eligible reforestation project; and

                     (c)  the notice required a person to relinquish a particular number of Australian emissions units; and

                     (d)  the person did not comply with the requirement within 90 days after the notice was given.

Obligation

             (2)  At all times after the end of that 90‑day period, the person who holds the forestry right in relation to the area or areas of land must:

                     (a)  if one or more forest stands are already in existence on the area or areas of land—ensure that one or more of those forest stands are maintained such that it is reasonable to expect that, when the maintained forest stands reach maturity, the number that, under the regulations, is taken to be the net total number of tonnes of greenhouse gases removed by the maintained forest stands will equal or exceed the net total number of Australian emissions units issued in relation to the project in accordance with this Part; or

                     (b)  if no forest stands are already in existence on the area or areas of land:

                              (i)  establish one or more forest stands on the area or areas of land; and

                             (ii)  ensure that those forest stands are maintained such that it is reasonable to expect that, when the forest stands reach maturity, the number that, under the regulations, is taken to be the net total number of tonnes of greenhouse gases removed by the forest stands will equal or exceed the net total number of Australian emissions units issued in relation to the project in accordance with this Part.

Direction about manner in which obligation is to be performed

             (3)  If a person is subject to an obligation under subsection (2), the Authority may give the person a written direction relating to the manner in which the obligation is to be performed.

             (4)  A person must comply with a direction under subsection (3).

Ancillary contraventions

             (5)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (2) or (4); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (2) or (4); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (2) or (4); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (2) or (4).

Civil penalty provisions

             (6)  Subsections (2), (4) and (5) are civil penalty provisions.

Note:          Part 21 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.

Cessation of obligation

             (7)  The obligation imposed by subsection (2) ceases at whichever of the following times happens first:

                     (a)  when the penalty payable under section 287 in respect of the non‑compliance with the requirement referred to in paragraph (1)(c) (including any late payment penalty payable under section 288 in relation to the section 287 penalty) is paid in full;

                     (b)  at the end of 130 years after the first occasion on which an Australian emissions unit was issued in relation to the project in accordance with this Part.

Forestry right

             (8)  For the purposes of the application of this section to one or more areas of land, if there is an eligible reforestation project in relation to the area or areas of land, the person who holds the forestry right in relation to the project is taken to hold the forestry right in relation to the area or areas of land.

             (9)  For the purposes of the application of this section to one or more areas of land, if:

                     (a)  there is no eligible reforestation project in relation to the area or areas of land; and

                     (b)  if it were assumed that an eligible reforestation project were in existence in relation to the area or areas of land, a person would hold the forestry right in relation to the project;

the person is taken to hold the forestry right in relation to the area or areas of land.

Computer program

           (10)  Regulations made for the purposes of subsection (2) may provide for a number to be worked out wholly or partly using a computer program specified in a legislative instrument made by the Authority under this subsection.

Subdivision BInjunctions

227  Injunctions

Performance injunctions

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person has refused or failed, or is refusing or failing, or is proposing to refuse or fail, to do an act or thing; and

                     (b)  the refusal or failure was, is or would be a contravention of subsection 226(2) or (4);

the Federal Court may, on the application of the Authority, grant an injunction requiring the person to do that act or thing.

Restraining injunctions

             (2)  If a person has engaged, is engaging or is proposing to engage, in any conduct in contravention of subsection 226(2) or (4), the Federal Court may, on the application of the Authority, grant an injunction:

                     (a)  restraining the person from engaging in the conduct; and

                     (b)  if, in the Court’s opinion, it is desirable to do so—requiring the person to do something.

228  Interim injunctions

Grant of interim injunction

             (1)  If an application is made to the Federal Court for an injunction under section 227, the Court may, before considering the application, grant an interim injunction restraining a person from engaging in conduct of a kind referred to in that section.

No undertakings as to damages

             (2)  The Federal Court is not to require the Authority, as a condition of granting an interim injunction, to give any undertakings as to damages.

229  Discharge etc. of injunctions

                   The Federal Court may discharge or vary an injunction granted under this Subdivision.

230  Certain limits on granting injunctions not to apply

Restraining injunctions

             (1)  The power of the Federal Court under this Subdivision to grant an injunction restraining a person from engaging in conduct of a particular kind may be exercised:

                     (a)  if the Court is satisfied that the person has engaged in conduct of that kind—whether or not it appears to the Court that the person intends to engage again, or to continue to engage, in conduct of that kind; or

                     (b)  if it appears to the Court that, if an injunction is not granted, it is likely that the person will engage in conduct of that kind—whether or not the person has previously engaged in conduct of that kind.

Performance injunctions

             (2)  The power of the Federal Court to grant an injunction requiring a person to do an act or thing may be exercised:

                     (a)  if the Court is satisfied that the person has refused or failed to do that act or thing—whether or not it appears to the Court that the person intends to refuse or fail again, or to continue to refuse or fail, to do that act or thing; or

                     (b)  if it appears to the Court that, if an injunction is not granted, it is likely that the person will refuse or fail to do that act or thing—whether or not the person has previously refused or failed to do that act or thing.

231  Other powers of the Federal Court unaffected

                   The powers conferred on the Federal Court under this Subdivision are in addition to, and not instead of, any other powers of the Court, whether conferred by this Act or otherwise.


 

Division 10Relinquishment of Australian emissions units

232  Requirement to relinquish—unilateral revocation of declaration of eligible reforestation project

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a person if:

                     (a)  the person holds the carbon sequestration right in relation to an eligible reforestation project; and

                     (b)  one or more Australian emissions units have been issued in relation to the project in accordance with this Part; and

                     (c)  the declaration of the eligible reforestation project is revoked under section 217, 218 or 219.

Requirement

             (2)  The Authority must, by written notice given to the person, require the person to relinquish a specified number of Australian emissions units.

             (3)  The specified number must equal the net total number of Australian emissions units issued in relation to the project in accordance with this Part.

             (4)  The person must comply with the requirement within 90 days after the notice was given.

Note:          An administrative penalty is payable under section 287 for non‑compliance with a relinquishment requirement.

Sunset

             (5)  Despite subsection (2), the Authority must not give a notice under that subsection later than 130 years after the first occasion on which an Australian emissions unit was issued in relation to the project in accordance with this Part.

233  Relinquishment requirement—decrease in reforestation unit limit for eligible reforestation project

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a person if:

                     (a)  the person holds the carbon sequestration right in relation to an eligible reforestation project; and

                     (b)  one or more Australian emissions units have been issued in relation to the project in accordance with this Part; and

                     (c)  after the issue of the units, the reforestation unit limit for the project is decreased under section 222; and

                     (d)  the net total number of Australian emissions units issued in relation to the project in accordance with this Part exceeds the decreased limit.

Requirement

             (2)  The Authority must, by written notice given to the person, require the person to relinquish a specified number of Australian emissions units.

             (3)  The specified number of units must equal the excess mentioned in paragraph (1)(d).

             (4)  The person must comply with the requirement within 90 days after the notice was given.

Note:          An administrative penalty is payable under section 287 for non‑compliance with a relinquishment requirement.

Sunset

             (5)  Despite subsection (2), the Authority must not give a notice under that subsection later than 130 years after the first occasion on which an Australian emissions unit was issued in relation to the project in accordance with this Part.

234  Relinquishment obligation transfer agreement

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a person (the transferor) ceases to hold the carbon sequestration right in relation to an eligible reforestation project.

Agreement

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, a relinquishment obligation transfer agreement in relation to the cessation is an agreement, where:

                     (a)  the agreement is between:

                              (i)  the transferor (or, if the transferor has died, the transferor’s legal personal representative); and

                             (ii)  another person (the transferee); and

                     (b)  the transferee will, as a result of the cessation, hold the carbon sequestration right in relation to the project; and

                     (c)  the transferee is a recognised reforestation entity; and

                     (d)  the agreement states that the transferee accepts responsibility for complying with any requirements to relinquish Australian emissions units that may be imposed on the transferee under this Part in relation to the project; and

                     (e)  the Authority has given written approval to the agreement; and

                      (f)  if the Authority, in accordance with the regulations, requires the transferee to give security to the Commonwealth in relation to the fulfilment by the transferee of any requirements to relinquish Australian emissions units that may be imposed on the transferee under this Part in relation to the project—the transferee has given that security; and

                     (g)  such other conditions (if any) as are specified in the regulations are satisfied.

Duration of agreement

             (3)  A relinquishment obligation transfer agreement remains in force until the transferee ceases to hold the carbon sequestration right in relation to the project.

             (4)  For the purposes of this Act, if a relinquishment obligation transfer agreement is in force in relation to the cessation, the agreement is taken to relate to the project.


 

Division 11Miscellaneous notification requirements

235  Notification requirement—ceasing to hold carbon sequestration right

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a person if both of the following conditions are satisfied:

                     (a)  the person ceases to hold the carbon sequestration right in relation to an eligible reforestation project;

                     (b)  one or more Australian emissions units have been issued in relation to the project in accordance with this Part.

Notification

             (2)  The person (or, if the person has died, the person’s legal personal representative) must, within 90 days after the cessation occurs, notify the Authority, in writing, of the cessation.

Ancillary contraventions

             (3)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (2); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (2); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (2); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (2).

Civil penalty provisions

             (4)  Subsections (2) and (3) are civil penalty provisions.

Note:          Part 21 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.


 

Division 12Entries in title registers

236  Entries in title registers—general

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if there is an eligible reforestation project.

Entries

             (2)  The relevant land registration official may make such entries or notations in or on registers or other documents kept by the official (in electronic form or otherwise) as the official thinks appropriate for the purposes of drawing the attention of persons to:

                     (a)  the existence of the eligible reforestation project; and

                     (b)  the fact that requirements may arise under this Act in relation to the project; and

                     (c)  such other matters (if any) relating to this Act as the official considers appropriate.

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, the relevant land registration official is the Registrar of Titles or other proper officer of the State or Territory in which the project area, or any of the project areas, is situated.

237  Entries in title registers—land subject to forest maintenance obligation

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to one or more areas of land if an obligation is imposed by subsection 226(2) in relation to those areas of land.

Entries

             (2)  The relevant land registration official may make such entries or notations in or on registers or other documents kept by the official (in electronic form or otherwise) as the official thinks appropriate for the purposes of drawing the attention of persons to the obligation.

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, the relevant land registration official is the Registrar of Titles or other proper officer of the State or Territory in which those areas of land are situated.


 

Division 13Register of Reforestation Projects

238  Register of Reforestation Projects

             (1)  The Authority must keep a register, to be known as the Register of Reforestation Projects.

             (2)  The Register of Reforestation Projects is to be maintained by electronic means.

             (3)  The Register of Reforestation Projects is to be made available for inspection on the Authority’s website.

239  Entries in the Register

             (1)  The Register of Reforestation Projects must set out, for each eligible reforestation project:

                     (a)  the relevant declaration under section 209; and

                     (b)  the reforestation unit limit for the project; and

                     (c)  the project area or project areas; and

                     (d)  the name of the person who is the holder of the carbon sequestration right in relation to the project; and

                     (e)  if any Australian emissions units have been issued in relation to the project in accordance with this Part:

                              (i)  the total number of units so issued; and

                             (ii)  the name of the person, or each of the persons, to whom those units have been issued; and

                      (f)  if any Australian emissions units have been relinquished in order to comply with a requirement under this Part in relation to the project—the total number of units so relinquished; and

                     (g)  if an obligation is imposed by subsection 226(2) in relation to the project area or project areas:

                              (i)  a statement to that effect; and

                             (ii)  the net total number of Australian emissions units issued in relation to the project in accordance with this Part; and

                     (h)  such other information (if any) relating to the project as the Authority considers appropriate.

             (2)  If an obligation is imposed by subsection 226(2) in relation to one or more areas of land that were formerly a project area or project areas of an eligible reforestation project, the Register of Reforestation Projects must:

                     (a)  set out a statement to that effect; and

                     (b)  identify the area or areas of land; and

                     (c)  set out the net total number of Australian emissions units issued in relation to the project in accordance with this Part.


 

Division 14Carbon sequestration right and forestry right

240  Carbon sequestration right

Torrens system land

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  there is a reforestation project; and

                     (b)  the project area is, or the project areas are, Torrens system land; and

                     (c)  a person holds a legal estate or interest in the project area or project areas; and

                     (d)  the estate or interest is registered under a Torrens system of registration; and

                     (e)  as a result of holding the estate or interest, the person has the exclusive legal right to obtain the benefit (whether present or future) of sequestration of carbon dioxide by trees to which the project relates;

the estate or interest is the carbon sequestration right held by the person in relation to the project.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  there is a reforestation project; and

                     (b)  the project area is, or the project areas are, Torrens system land; and

                     (c)  a person has the exclusive legal right to obtain the benefit (whether present or future) of sequestration of carbon dioxide by trees to which the project relates; and

                     (d)  the right is registered under a Torrens system of registration; and

                     (e)  under a law of a State or Territory, the right is, or is taken to be, an estate or interest in land;

the exclusive right is the carbon sequestration right held by the person in relation to the project.

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  there is a reforestation project; and

                     (b)  the project area is, or the project areas are, Torrens system land; and

                     (c)  a person has the exclusive legal right to obtain the benefit (whether present or future) of sequestration of carbon dioxide by trees to which the project relates; and

                     (d)  either:

                              (i)  the right is registered under a Torrens system of registration; or

                             (ii)  the project area is, or the project areas are, Torrens system land, and the right is noted on the relevant certificate of title; and

                     (e)  under a law of a State or Territory, the right runs with the relevant land;

the exclusive right is the carbon sequestration right held by the person in relation to the project.

Crown land that is not Torrens system land

             (4)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  there is a reforestation project; and

                     (b)  the project area is, or the project areas are, Crown land in a State or Territory; and

                     (c)  the project area is not, or the project areas are not, Torrens system land; and

                     (d)  a person (other than the State or Territory) holds a legal estate or interest in the project area or project areas; and

                     (e)  as a result of holding the estate or interest, the person has the exclusive legal right to obtain the benefit (whether present or future) of sequestration of carbon dioxide by trees to which the project relates;

the estate or interest is the carbon sequestration right held by the person in relation to the project.

             (5)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  there is a reforestation project; and

                     (b)  the project area is, or the project areas are, Crown land in a State or Territory; and

                     (c)  the project area is not, or the project areas are not, Torrens system land; and

                     (d)  a person (other than the State or Territory) has the exclusive legal right to obtain the benefit (whether present or future) of sequestration of carbon dioxide by trees to which the project relates; and

                     (e)  under a law of the State or Territory, the right is, or is taken to be, an estate or interest in land;

the exclusive right is the carbon sequestration right held by the person in relation to the project.

             (6)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  there is a reforestation project; and

                     (b)  the project area is, or the project areas are, Crown land in a State or Territory; and

                     (c)  the project area is not, or the project areas are not, Torrens system land; and

                     (d)  a person (other than the State or Territory) has the exclusive legal right to obtain the benefit (whether present or future) of sequestration of carbon dioxide by trees to which the project relates; and

                     (e)  under a law of the State or Territory, the right runs with the relevant land; and

                      (f)  it is not the case that under a law of the State or Territory, the right is, or is taken to be, an estate or interest in land;

the exclusive right is the carbon sequestration right held by the person in relation to the project.

             (7)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  there is a reforestation project; and

                     (b)  the project area is, or the project areas are, Crown land in a State or Territory; and

                     (c)  the project area is not, or the project areas are not, Torrens system land; and

                     (d)  as a result of the project area or project areas being Crown land:

                              (i)  the State or Territory; or

                             (ii)  a statutory authority of the State or Territory;

                            has the exclusive legal right to obtain the benefit (whether present or future) of sequestration of carbon dioxide by trees to which the project relates;

the exclusive right is the carbon sequestration right held by the State, Territory or statutory authority, as the case may be, in relation to the project.

Right to obtain the benefit of sequestration

             (8)  For the purposes of this section, in determining whether a person has the exclusive legal right to obtain the benefit (whether present or future) of sequestration of carbon dioxide by trees to which a reforestation project relates, it is immaterial whether that right extends to sequestration of carbon dioxide by the soil in which the trees are growing.

241  Forestry right

Torrens system land

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  there is a reforestation project; and

                     (b)  the project area is, or the project areas are, Torrens system land; and

                     (c)  a person holds a legal estate or interest in the project area or project areas; and

                     (d)  the estate or interest is registered under a Torrens system of registration; and

                     (e)  as a result of holding the estate or interest, the person has the exclusive legal right to establish, manage and maintain a forest on the project area or project areas;

the estate or interest is the forestry right held by the person in relation to the project.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  there is a reforestation project; and

                     (b)  the project area is, or the project areas are, Torrens system land; and

                     (c)  a person has the exclusive legal right to establish, manage and maintain a forest on the project area or project areas; and

                     (d)  the right is registered under a Torrens system of registration; and

                     (e)  under a law of a State or Territory, the right is, or is taken to be, an estate or interest in land;

the exclusive right is the forestry right held by the person in relation to the project.

Crown land that is not Torrens system land

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  there is a reforestation project; and

                     (b)  the project area is, or the project areas are, Crown land in a State or Territory; and

                     (c)  the project area is not, or the project areas are not, Torrens system land; and

                     (d)  a person (other than the State or Territory) holds a legal estate or interest in the project area or project areas; and

                     (e)  as a result of holding the estate or interest, the person has the exclusive legal right to establish, manage and maintain a forest on the project area or project areas;

the estate or interest is the forestry right held by the person in relation to the project.

             (4)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  there is a reforestation project; and

                     (b)  the project area is, or the project areas are, Crown land in a State or Territory; and

                     (c)  the project area is not, or the project areas are not, Torrens system land; and

                     (d)  a person (other than the State or Territory) has the exclusive legal right to establish, manage and maintain a forest on the project area or project areas; and

                     (e)  under a law of the State or Territory, the right is, or is taken to be, an estate or interest in land;

the exclusive right is the forestry right held by the person in relation to the project.

             (5)  For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  there is a reforestation project; and

                     (b)  the project area is, or the project areas are, Crown land in a State or Territory; and

                     (c)  the project area is not, or the project areas are not, Torrens system land; and

                     (d)  as a result of the project area or project areas being Crown land:

                              (i)  the State or Territory; or

                             (ii)  a statutory authority of the State or Territory;

                            has the exclusive legal right to establish, manage and maintain a forest on the project area or project areas;

the exclusive right is the forestry right held by the State, Territory or statutory authority, as the case may be, in relation to the project.


 

Division 15Net total number of Australian emissions units issued in relation to an eligible reforestation project

242  Net total number of Australian emissions units issued in relation to an eligible reforestation project

                   For the purposes of this Act, the net total number of Australian emissions units issued in relation to an eligible reforestation project in accordance with this Part is the number worked out using the following formula:


 

Part 11Destruction of synthetic greenhouse gases

Division 1Introduction

244  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      Free Australian emissions units may be issued in respect of the destruction of synthetic greenhouse gases.

•      The synthetic greenhouse gas must be destroyed at an approved synthetic greenhouse gas destruction facility.

•      Free units may be issued to:

               (a)     a recognised synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customer; or

               (b)     the operator of an approved synthetic greenhouse gas destruction facility.


 

Division 2Issue of free Australian emissions units in respect of the destruction of synthetic greenhouse gases

245  Issue of free Australian emissions units in respect of the destruction of synthetic greenhouse gases

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a certificate of eligible synthetic greenhouse gas destruction is in force in respect of an eligible financial year.

Issue of free units

             (2)  As soon as practicable after the day on which the certificate was issued, the Authority must issue to the holder of the certificate a number of free Australian emissions units equal to the number specified in the certificate as the unit entitlement for that certificate.

             (3)  Free Australian emissions units issued in accordance with subsection (2) during an eligible financial year are to have a vintage year of the eligible financial year.

             (4)  The Authority must not issue a free Australian emissions unit to a person in accordance with subsection (2) unless the person has a Registry account.


 

Division 3Certificate of eligible synthetic greenhouse gas destruction

246  Application for certificate of eligible synthetic greenhouse gas destruction

             (1)  A person may, within 4 months after the end of an eligible financial year, apply to the Authority for the issue to the person of a certificate of eligible synthetic greenhouse gas destruction in respect of the eligible financial year.

             (2)  A person is not entitled to make an application unless the person is:

                     (a)  a recognised synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customer; or

                     (b)  the operator of an approved synthetic greenhouse gas destruction facility.

             (3)  An application must state:

                     (a)  that the application is made in the applicant’s capacity as a recognised synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customer; or

                     (b)  that the application is made in the applicant’s capacity as the operator of an approved synthetic greenhouse gas destruction facility.

             (4)  An application must specify one or more synthetic greenhouse gas destruction events that occurred during the eligible financial year.

247  Form of application

             (1)  An application must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  be in a form approved, in writing, by the Authority; and

                     (c)  be accompanied by such information as is specified in the regulations; and

                     (d)  be accompanied by such documents (if any) as are specified in the regulations.

             (2)  The approved form of application may provide for verification by statutory declaration of statements in applications.

248  Further information

             (1)  The Authority may, by written notice given to an applicant, require the applicant to give the Authority, within the period specified in the notice, further information in connection with the application.

             (2)  If the applicant breaches the requirement, the Authority may, by written notice given to the applicant:

                     (a)  refuse to consider the application; or

                     (b)  refuse to take any action, or any further action, in relation to the application.

249  Issue of certificate of eligible synthetic greenhouse gas destruction

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an application under section 246 has been made for the issue of a certificate of eligible synthetic greenhouse gas destruction in respect of an eligible financial year.

Issue of certificate

             (2)  After considering the application, the Authority may issue a certificate of eligible synthetic greenhouse gas destruction in respect of the eligible financial year.

Note:          See section 250 (criteria for issuing certificate).

             (3)  A certificate of eligible synthetic greenhouse gas destruction must state that a specified number is the unit entitlement in respect of the certificate.

Note:          See section 251 (unit entitlement).

Timing

             (4)  The Authority must take all reasonable steps to ensure that a decision is made on the application:

                     (a)  if the Authority requires the applicant to give further information under subsection 248(1) in relation to the application—within 90 days after the applicant gave the Authority the information; or

                     (b)  otherwise—within 90 days after the application was made.

Refusal

             (5)  If the Authority decides to refuse to issue a certificate of eligible synthetic greenhouse gas destruction, the Authority must give written notice of the decision to the applicant.

250  Criteria for issuing certificate of eligible synthetic greenhouse gas destruction

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an application under section 246 has been made for the issue of a certificate of eligible synthetic greenhouse gas destruction in respect of an eligible financial year.

Recognised synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customer

             (2)  If the application is made in the applicant’s capacity as a recognised synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customer, the Authority must not issue the certificate unless:

                     (a)  the Authority is satisfied that the following conditions are satisfied in relation to each synthetic greenhouse gas destruction event specified in the application:

                              (i)  the event occurred during the eligible financial year;

                             (ii)  the applicant was a recognised synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customer at the time of the occurrence of the event;

                            (iii)  the synthetic greenhouse gas was destroyed at an approved synthetic greenhouse gas destruction facility under a contract between the applicant and the operator of the facility;

                            (iv)  the applicant incurred expenditure under the contract in respect of the destruction of the synthetic greenhouse gas;

                             (v)  the approved synthetic greenhouse gas destruction facility was authorised under the Ozone Protection and Synthetic Greenhouse Gas Management Regulations 1995 to carry out the destruction of the synthetic greenhouse gas;

                            (vi)  the destruction of the synthetic greenhouse gas complied with the Ozone Protection and Synthetic Greenhouse Gas Management Regulations 1995;

                           (vii)  the synthetic greenhouse gas was eligible waste; and

                     (b)  the total quantity of synthetic greenhouse gas covered by the synthetic greenhouse gas destruction events specified in the application exceeds the quantity specified in the regulations.

Operator of an approved synthetic greenhouse gas destruction facility

             (3)  If the application was made in the applicant’s capacity as the operator of an approved synthetic greenhouse gas destruction facility, the Authority must not issue the certificate unless:

                     (a)  the Authority is satisfied that the following conditions are satisfied in relation to each synthetic greenhouse gas destruction event specified in the application:

                              (i)  the event occurred during the eligible financial year;

                             (ii)  the synthetic greenhouse gas was destroyed at an approved synthetic greenhouse gas destruction facility operated by the applicant;

                            (iii)  the destruction of the synthetic greenhouse gas was not carried out under a contract between the applicant and another person;

                            (iv)  the applicant was not entitled to receive any consideration for carrying out the destruction of the synthetic greenhouse gas;

                             (v)  the approved synthetic greenhouse gas destruction facility was authorised under the Ozone Protection and Synthetic Greenhouse Gas Management Regulations 1995 to carry out the destruction of the synthetic greenhouse gas;

                            (vi)  the destruction of the synthetic greenhouse gas complied with the Ozone Protection and Synthetic Greenhouse Gas Management Regulations 1995;

                           (vii)  the synthetic greenhouse gas was eligible waste; and

                     (b)  the total quantity of synthetic greenhouse gas covered by the synthetic greenhouse gas destruction events specified in the application exceeds the quantity specified in the regulations.

251  Unit entitlement

             (1)  The number to be specified in a certificate of eligible synthetic greenhouse gas destruction as the unit entitlement in respect of the certificate is to be worked out as follows:

                     (a)  calculate the provisional number for each synthetic greenhouse gas destruction event specified in the application for the certificate;

                     (b)  the number to be specified as the unit entitlement is the sum of those provisional numbers.

Provisional number—synthetic greenhouse gas destruction event

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, the provisional number of a synthetic greenhouse gas destruction event is the number (calculated to zero decimal places) worked out using the following formula:

where:

destruction efficiency factor means the factor specified in the regulations in relation to the approved synthetic greenhouse gas destruction facility concerned.

252  Certificate of eligible synthetic greenhouse gas destruction is not transferable

                   A certificate of eligible synthetic greenhouse gas destruction is not transferable.


 

Division 4Recognised synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customers

253  Application for recognition as a synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customer

                   A company may apply to the Authority for recognition as a synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customer.

254  Form of application

             (1)  An application must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  be in a form approved, in writing, by the Authority; and

                     (c)  be accompanied by such information as is specified in the regulations; and

                     (d)  be accompanied by such documents (if any) as are specified in the regulations; and

                     (e)  be accompanied by the fee (if any) specified in the regulations.

             (2)  The approved form of application may provide for verification by statutory declaration of statements in applications.

             (3)  A fee specified under paragraph (1)(e) must not be such as to amount to taxation.

255  Further information

             (1)  The Authority may, by written notice given to an applicant, require the applicant to give the Authority, within the period specified in the notice, further information in connection with the application.

             (2)  If the applicant breaches the requirement, the Authority may, by written notice given to the applicant:

                     (a)  refuse to consider the application; or

                     (b)  refuse to take any action, or any further action, in relation to the application.

256  Recognition as a synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customer

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if an application under section 253 has been made for recognition as a synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customer.

Recognition

             (2)  After considering the application, the Authority may, by written notice given to the applicant, recognise the applicant as a synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customer.

Criteria for recognition

             (3)  The Authority must not recognise the applicant as a recognised synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customer unless:

                     (a)  the Authority is satisfied that the applicant is a fit and proper person, having regard to the following:

                              (i)  whether the applicant has been convicted of an offence against a law of the Commonwealth, a State or Territory, where the offence relates to dishonest conduct;

                             (ii)  whether the applicant has been convicted of an offence against a law of the Commonwealth, a State or Territory, where the offence relates to the conduct of a business;

                            (iii)  whether the applicant has been convicted of an offence against section 136.1, 137.1 or 137.2 of the Criminal Code;

                            (iv)  whether an executive officer of the applicant has been convicted of an offence against a law of the Commonwealth, a State or Territory, where the offence relates to dishonest conduct;

                             (v)  whether an executive officer of the applicant has been convicted of an offence against a law of the Commonwealth, a State or Territory, where the offence relates to the conduct of a business;

                            (vi)  whether an executive officer of the applicant has been convicted of an offence against section 136.1, 137.1 or 137.2 of the Criminal Code;

                           (vii)  whether the applicant has breached this Act or the associated provisions;

                           (viii)  whether an executive officer of the applicant has breached this Act or the associated provisions;

                            (ix)  such other matters (if any) as the Authority considers relevant; and

                     (b)  the Authority is satisfied that the applicant is not an externally‑administered body corporate; and

                     (c)  if the regulations specify one or more other eligibility requirements—the Authority is satisfied that those requirements are met.

             (4)  Subparagraphs (3)(a)(i) to (viii) do not limit subparagraph (3)(a)(ix).

Timing

             (5)  The Authority must take all reasonable steps to ensure that a decision is made on the application:

                     (a)  if the Authority requires the applicant to give further information under subsection 255(1) in relation to the application—within 90 days after the applicant gave the Authority the information; or

                     (b)  otherwise—within 90 days after the application was made.

Refusal

             (6)  If the Authority decides to refuse to recognise the applicant as a synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customer, the Authority must give written notice of the decision to the applicant.

257  Cancellation of recognition

             (1)  The Authority may cancel the recognition of a company as a synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customer if:

                     (a)  the Authority is satisfied that the company is not a fit and proper person, having regard to the following:

                              (i)  whether the company has been convicted of an offence against a law of the Commonwealth, a State or Territory, where the offence relates to dishonest conduct;

                             (ii)  whether the company has been convicted of an offence against a law of the Commonwealth, a State or Territory, where the offence relates to the conduct of a business;

                            (iii)  whether the company has been convicted of an offence against section 136.1, 137.1 or 137.2 of the Criminal Code;

                            (iv)  whether an executive officer of the company has been convicted of an offence against a law of the Commonwealth, a State or Territory, where the offence relates to dishonest conduct;

                             (v)  whether an executive officer of the company has been convicted of an offence against a law of the Commonwealth, a State or Territory, where the offence relates to the conduct of a business;

                            (vi)  whether an executive officer of the company has been convicted of an offence against section 136.1, 137.1 or 137.2 of the Criminal Code;

                           (vii)  whether the company has breached this Act or the associated provisions;

                           (viii)  whether an executive officer of the company has breached this Act or the associated provisions;

                            (ix)  such other matters (if any) as the Authority considers relevant; or

                     (b)  the Authority is satisfied that the company is an externally‑administered body corporate; or

                     (c)  if the regulations specify one or more other grounds for cancellation—the Authority is satisfied that at least one of those grounds is applicable to the company.

             (2)  Subparagraphs (1)(a)(i) to (viii) do not limit subparagraph (1)(a)(ix).

258  Surrender of recognition

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a company is recognised as a synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customer.

Surrender

             (2)  The company may, by written notice given to the Authority, surrender the company’s recognition.

             (3)  The surrender takes effect on the day the notice is received by the Authority or, if a later day is specified in the notice, on that later day.

259  Recognition is not transferable

                   If a company is recognised as a synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customer, the company’s recognition is not transferable.


 

Part 12Publication of information

Division 1Introduction

260  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      The Authority must keep a Liable Entities Public Information Database.

•      Certain information about liable entities must be entered in the Information Database.

•      The Authority must publish certain other information about the operation of this Act.


 

Division 2Information about liable entities

261  Liable Entities Public Information Database

             (1)  The Authority must keep a database, to be known as the Liable Entities Public Information Database.

Note:          In this Act, Information Database means the Liable Entities Public Information Database—see section 5.

             (2)  The Information Database is to be maintained by electronic means.

             (3)  The Information Database is to be made available for inspection on the Authority’s website.

262  Liable entities to be entered in the Information Database

Making of entry

             (1)  If the Authority has reasonable grounds to believe that a person is, or is likely to be, a liable entity for an eligible financial year, the Authority must make an entry for the person in the Information Database in relation to the eligible financial year.

          (1A)  If the Authority makes the entry, the Authority must give written notice of the entry to the person.

Removal of entry

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  there is an entry for a person in the Information Database in relation to an eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  the Authority has reasonable grounds to believe that the person is not a liable entity for that eligible financial year;

the Authority must remove the entry from the Information Database.

             (3)  If the Authority removes the entry, the Authority must give written notice of the removal to the person.

263  Emissions number to be entered in the Information Database

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if there is an entry for a person in the Information Database in relation to an eligible financial year.

Emissions number

             (2)  As soon as practicable after receiving a report under section 22A of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007 that specifies a number as the person’s emissions number for the eligible financial year, the Authority must enter that number in the Information Database.

             (3)  As soon as practicable after making an assessment under section 126 or 127 of the person’s emissions number for the eligible financial year, the Authority must enter details of the assessment in the Information Database.

             (4)  As soon as practicable after amending an assessment under section 126 or 127 of the person’s emissions number for the eligible financial year, the Authority must enter details of the amended assessment in the Information Database.

264  Unit shortfall to be entered in the Information Database

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if there is an entry for a person in the Information Database in relation to an eligible financial year.

Unit shortfall

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the Authority is of the opinion that the person has a unit shortfall for the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  the Authority has not made an assessment under section 131 of the person’s unit shortfall for the eligible financial year;

the Authority must enter in the Information Database:

                     (c)  the number that represents the Authority’s reasonable estimate of the number of units in the person’s unit shortfall for the eligible financial year; and

                     (d)  the number obtained by dividing the number mentioned in paragraph (c) by the number that represents the Authority’s reasonable estimate of the person’s emissions number for the eligible financial year; and

                     (e)  the amount that represents the Authority’s reasonable estimate of the penalty payable by the person under section 133 in relation to the unit shortfall.

             (3)  If the Authority makes an assessment under section 131 of the person’s unit shortfall for the eligible financial year, the Authority must enter in the Information Database:

                     (a)  details of the assessment; and

                     (b)  the number obtained by dividing the number of units in the unit shortfall specified in the assessment by the number that represents the Authority’s reasonable estimate of the person’s emissions number for the current eligible financial year; and

                     (c)  the amount that represents the Authority’s reasonable estimate of the penalty payable by the person under section 133 in relation to the unit shortfall.

             (4)  In making an estimate under this section, the Authority may rely on a report given under section 22A of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007 by the person.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  an assessment has been made under section 131 of the person’s unit shortfall for the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  any of the following subparagraphs applies:

                              (i)  a decision to make, to amend, or to refuse to amend, the assessment is being reconsidered by the Authority under section 348;

                             (ii)  a decision to make, to amend, or to refuse to amend, the assessment has been affirmed or varied by the Authority under section 348, and the decision as so affirmed or varied is the subject of an application for review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal;

                            (iii)  a decision to make, to amend, or to refuse to amend, the assessment is the subject of an application for review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal;

the Authority must:

                     (c)  make an appropriate annotation in the Information Database; and

                     (d)  if subparagraph (b)(i) applies—when the Authority notifies the applicant for reconsideration of the Authority’s decision on the reconsideration, the Authority must make an appropriate annotation in the Information Database; and

                     (e)  if subparagraph (b)(ii) or (iii) applies—when the review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal (including any court proceedings arising out of the review) has been finalised, the Authority must make an appropriate annotation in the Information Database.

265  Unpaid administrative penalty to be entered in the Information Database

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  there is an entry for a person in the Information Database in relation to an eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  the person has a unit shortfall for the eligible financial year; and

                     (c)  an amount (the penalty amount) payable by the person under section 133 in relation to the unit shortfall remains unpaid after the time when the penalty amount became due for payment.

Penalty amount

             (2)  The Authority must enter in the Information Database details of the unpaid penalty amount.

266  Number of surrendered eligible emissions units to be entered in the Information Database

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if there is an entry for a person in the Information Database in relation to an eligible financial year.

Eligible emissions units surrendered

             (2)  As soon as practicable after receiving a notice under section 129 that surrenders, in relation to the eligible financial year, one or more eligible emissions units held by the person, the Authority must enter in the Information Database:

                     (a)  the total number of eligible emissions units surrendered; and

                     (b)  the total number of each of the following types of eligible emissions units surrendered:

                              (i)  Australian emissions units;

                             (ii)  certified emission reductions;

                            (iii)  emission reduction units;

                            (iv)  removal units;

                             (v)  prescribed units issued in accordance with the Kyoto rules;

                            (vi)  non‑Kyoto international emissions units.

267  Number of voluntarily cancelled units to be entered in the Information Database

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if there is an entry for a person in the Information Database in relation to an eligible financial year.

Australian emissions units

             (2)  As soon as practicable after one or more Australian emissions units held by the person are cancelled under section 282, the Authority must enter in the Information Database the total number of Australian emissions units cancelled.

Kyoto units

             (3)  As soon as practicable after one or more Kyoto units held by the person are transferred under section 283 to a voluntary cancellation account, the Authority must enter in the Information Database the total number of Kyoto units transferred.

Non‑Kyoto international emissions units

             (4)  As soon as practicable after one or more non‑Kyoto international emissions units held by the person are cancelled under section 284, the Authority must enter in the Information Database the total number of non‑Kyoto international emissions units cancelled.

267A  Relinquishment requirement to be entered in the Information Database

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if there is an entry for a person in the Information Database in relation to an eligible financial year.

Relinquishment requirement

             (2)  If, under this Act or the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program, the person is required, during the eligible financial year, to relinquish a particular number of Australian emissions units, the Authority must enter in the Information Database details of the relinquishment requirement.

             (3)  If any of the following paragraphs applies:

                     (a)  the decision to require the person to relinquish a specified number of Australian emissions units is being reconsidered by the Authority under section 348;

                     (b)  the decision to require the person to relinquish a specified number of Australian emissions units has been affirmed or varied by the Authority under section 348, and the decision as so affirmed or varied is the subject of an application for review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal;

                     (c)  the decision to require the person to relinquish a specified number of Australian emissions units is the subject of an application for review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal;

the Authority must:

                     (d)  make an appropriate annotation in the Information Database; and

                     (e)  if paragraph (a) applies—when the Authority notifies the applicant for reconsideration of the Authority’s decision on the reconsideration, the Authority must make an appropriate annotation in the Information Database; and

                      (f)  if paragraph (b) or (c) applies—when the review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal (including any court proceedings arising out of the review) has been finalised, the Authority must make an appropriate annotation in the Information Database.

267B  Unpaid administrative penalty to be entered in the Information Database

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  there is an entry for a person in the Information Database in relation to an eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  the person is required, under this Act or the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program, to relinquish a particular number of Australian emissions units; and

                     (c)  during the eligible financial year, an amount (the penalty amount) payable by the person under section 287 in relation to non‑compliance with the relinquishment requirement remains unpaid after the time when the penalty amount became due for payment.

Penalty amount

             (2)  The Authority must enter in the Information Database details of the unpaid penalty amount.

267C  Number of relinquished units to be entered in the Information Database

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  there is an entry for a person in the Information Database in relation to an eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  under this Act or the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program, the person is required to relinquish a particular number of Australian emissions units; and

                     (c)  during the eligible financial year, the person relinquishes one or more Australian emissions units in order to comply with the requirement.

Australian emissions units relinquished

             (2)  As soon as practicable after receiving the notice of relinquishment, the Authority must enter in the Information Database the total number of Australian emissions units relinquished.

268  Correction and rectification of the Information Database

Corrections of clerical errors or obvious defects

             (1)  The Authority may alter the Information Database for the purposes of correcting a clerical error or an obvious defect in the Information Database.

General power of correction

             (2)  The Authority may make such entries in the Information Database as the Authority considers appropriate for the purposes of ensuring that the Information Database is accurate.

             (3)  The Authority may exercise the power conferred by subsection (2):

                     (a)  on written application being made to the Authority by a person; or

                     (b)  on the Authority’s own initiative.


 

Division 3Information about holders of Registry accounts

269  Information about holders of Registry accounts

                   The Authority must:

                     (a)  publish on its website:

                              (i)  the name of each person who has a Registry account; and

                             (ii)  the person’s address last known to the Authority; and

                     (b)  keep that information up‑to‑date.


 

Division 4Information about units

270  Information about auction results—last auction

                   Within 7 business days after conducting an auction of Australian emissions units with a particular vintage year, the Authority must:

                     (a)  prepare a statement setting out:

                              (i)  each per unit charge that was payable for the issue of those Australian emissions units; and

                             (ii)  for each such per unit charge—the total number of Australian emissions units that were issued for the per unit charge; and

                     (b)  publish the statement on its website.

271  Information about auction results—last 6 months

6 months ending on 31 May

             (1)  Within 7 business days after the end of:

                     (a)  May 2012; and

                     (b)  May 2013; and

                     (c)  May 2014;

the Authority must publish on its website the amount worked out to 2 decimal places (rounding up if the third decimal place is 5 or more) using the formula:

where:

number of units issued as the result of auctions means the total number of Australian emissions units that were issued as the result of auctions conducted by the Authority during the 6‑month period ending at the end of that May.

total auction proceeds means the total amount paid or payable by way of charges for the issue of Australian emissions units that were issued as the result of auctions conducted by the Authority during the 6‑month period ending at the end of that May.

6 months ending on 30 November

             (2)  Within 7 business days after the end of:

                     (a)  November 2012; and

                     (b)  November 2013;

the Authority must publish on its website the amount worked out to 2 decimal places (rounding up if the third decimal place is 5 or more) using the formula:

where:

number of units issued as the result of auctions means the total number of Australian emissions units that were issued as the result of auctions conducted by the Authority during the 6‑month period ending at the end of that November.

total auction proceeds means the total amount paid or payable by way of charges for the issue of Australian emissions units that were issued as the result of auctions conducted by the Authority during the 6‑month period ending at the end of that November.

Vintage years

             (3)  For the purposes of this section, if:

                     (a)  an Australian emissions unit is issued as the result of an auction conducted by the Authority before 1 July 2012; and

                     (b)  the vintage year of the unit begins on or after 1 July 2013;

disregard the issue of the unit.

             (4)  For the purposes of this section, if:

                     (a)  an Australian emissions unit is issued as the result of an auction conducted by the Authority during an eligible financial year beginning on or after 1 July 2012; and

                     (b)  the vintage year of the unit is not that eligible financial year;

disregard the issue of the unit.

272  Information about issue of Australian emissions units for a fixed charge

2011‑2012

             (1)  As soon as practicable after 15 December 2012, the Authority must publish on its website the total number of Australian emissions units issued in accordance with section 89 with a vintage year beginning on 1 July 2011.

2012‑2013

             (2)  As soon as practicable after 15 December 2013, the Authority must publish on its website the total number of Australian emissions units issued in accordance with section 89 with a vintage year beginning on 1 July 2012.

2013‑2014

             (3)  As soon as practicable after 15 December 2014, the Authority must publish on its website the total number of Australian emissions units issued in accordance with section 89 with a vintage year beginning on 1 July 2013.

2014‑2015

             (4)  As soon as practicable after 15 December 2015, the Authority must publish on its website the total number of Australian emissions units issued in accordance with section 89 with a vintage year beginning on 1 July 2014.

2015‑2016

             (5)  As soon as practicable after 15 December 2016, the Authority must publish on its website the total number of Australian emissions units issued in accordance with section 89 with a vintage year beginning on 1 July 2015.

273  Information about issue of free Australian emissions units

Emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program

             (1)  As soon as practicable after free Australian emissions units are issued to a person in accordance with the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program, the Authority must publish on its website:

                     (a)  the name of the person; and

                     (b)  the total number of free Australian emissions units issued to the person; and

                     (c)  the vintage year of the free Australian emissions units issued to the person; and

                     (d)  each activity that:

                              (i)  under the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program, is taken to be an emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed activity; and

                             (ii)  is an activity in respect of which the free Australian emissions units were issued to the person.

Coal‑fired electricity generation

             (2)  As soon as practicable after free Australian emissions units are issued to a person in accordance with Part 9 (coal‑fired electricity generation), the Authority must publish on its website:

                     (a)  the name of the person; and

                     (b)  the total number of free Australian emissions units issued to the person; and

                     (c)  the vintage year of the free Australian emissions units issued to the person.

Reforestation

             (3)  As soon as practicable after free Australian emissions units are issued to a person in accordance with Part 10 (reforestation), the Authority must publish on its website:

                     (a)  the name of the person; and

                     (b)  the total number of free Australian emissions units issued to the person; and

                     (c)  the vintage year of the free Australian emissions units issued to the person.

Destruction of synthetic greenhouse gases

             (4)  As soon as practicable after free Australian emissions units are issued to a person in accordance with Part 11 (destruction of synthetic greenhouse gases), the Authority must publish on its website:

                     (a)  the name of the person; and

                     (b)  the total number of free Australian emissions units issued to the person; and

                     (c)  the vintage year of the free Australian emissions units issued to the person.

274  Quarterly reports about issue of free Australian emissions units

                   As soon as practicable after the end of each quarter, the Authority must publish the following information on its website:

                     (a)  the total number of free Australian emissions units with a particular vintage year issued during the quarter in accordance with the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program;

                     (b)  for each activity that, under the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program, is taken to be an emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed activity—the total number of free Australian emissions units with a particular vintage year issued during the quarter in respect of that activity in accordance with that program;

                     (c)  if, at the end of the quarter, there were one or more pending applications for free Australian emissions under the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program—the total number of free Australian emissions units to which those pending applications relate;

                     (d)  the total number of free Australian emissions units with a particular vintage year issued during the quarter in accordance with Part 9 (coal‑fired electricity generation);

                     (e)  the total number of free Australian emissions units with a particular vintage year issued during the quarter in accordance with Part 10 (reforestation);

                      (f)  the total number of free Australian emissions units with a particular vintage year issued during the quarter in accordance with Part 11 (destruction of synthetic greenhouse gases).

275  Information about surrender of borrowed and banked eligible emissions units

Borrowed units

             (1)  As soon as practicable after the end of 15 December following an eligible financial year, the Authority must publish on its website the total number of Australian emissions units that:

                     (a)  were surrendered in relation to the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  had a vintage year later than the eligible financial year.

Banked units

             (2)  As soon as practicable after the end of 15 December following an eligible financial year, the Authority must publish on its website the total number of Australian emissions units that:

                     (a)  were surrendered in relation to the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  had a vintage year earlier than the eligible financial year.

276  Kyoto information

             (1)  The regulations may make provision for, or in relation to, requiring the Authority to publish on its website information that a provision of the Kyoto rules requires Australia’s national registry to make publicly available.

             (2)  The regulations may require the Authority to:

                     (a)  publish on its website the total number of specified Kyoto units for which there are entries in Registry accounts; and

                     (b)  keep that information up‑to‑date.

             (3)  The Authority must:

                     (a)  publish on its website:

                              (i)  the total number of certified emission reductions (other than temporary certified emission reductions or long‑term certified emission reductions) for which there are entries in Registry accounts; and

                             (ii)  the total number of emissions reduction units (other than emission reduction units converted from removal units) for which there are entries in Registry accounts; and

                     (b)  keep that information up‑to‑date.

277  Information about total emissions numbers and unit shortfalls

                   As soon as practicable after 15 January following an eligible financial year, the Authority must:

                     (a)  calculate:

                              (i)  the total of the numbers that, in the Authority’s opinion, are the emissions numbers of liable entities for the eligible financial year; and

                             (ii)  the total of the numbers that, in the Authority’s opinion, are the unit shortfalls of liable entities in relation to the eligible financial year; and

                     (b)  publish the results on its website.

278  Publication of concise description of the characteristics of eligible emissions units

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to the period beginning 24 hours before the Authority starts to conduct the first auction of Australian emissions units.

Statement

             (2)  At all times during that period, the Authority must make available on its website a statement setting out a concise description of the characteristics of:

                     (a)  Australian emissions units; and

                     (b)  each other type of eligible emissions unit.


 

Division 5Information about voluntary cancellation of units held by persons other than liable entities

278A  Information about number of voluntarily cancelled Australian emissions units

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if there is no entry for a person in the Information Database in relation to an eligible financial year.

Australian emissions units

             (2)  As soon as practicable after one or more Australian emissions units held by the person are cancelled under section 282, the Authority must publish on its website:

                     (a)  the name of the person; and

                     (b)  the total number of Australian emissions units cancelled.

278B  Information about number of voluntarily cancelled Kyoto units

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if there is no entry for a person in the Information Database in relation to an eligible financial year.

Kyoto units

             (2)  As soon as practicable after one or more Kyoto units held by the person are transferred under section 283 to a voluntary cancellation account, the Authority must publish on its website:

                     (a)  the name of the person; and

                     (b)  the total number of Kyoto units transferred.

278C  Information about number of voluntarily cancelled non‑Kyoto international emissions units

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if there is no entry for a person in the Information Database in relation to an eligible financial year.

Non‑Kyoto international emissions units

             (2)  As soon as practicable after one or more non‑Kyoto international emissions units held by the person are cancelled under section 284, the Authority must publish on its website:

                     (a)  the name of the person; and

                     (b)  the total number of non‑Kyoto international emissions units cancelled.


 

Division 6Information about relinquishment requirements for persons other than liable entities

278D  Information about relinquishment requirements

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  under this Act or the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program, a person is required, during an eligible financial year, to relinquish a particular number of Australian emissions units; and

                     (b)  there is no entry for the person in the Information Database in relation to the eligible financial year.

Relinquishment requirement

             (2)  The Authority must publish on its website:

                     (a)  the name of the person; and

                     (b)  details of the relinquishment requirement.

             (3)  If any of the following paragraphs applies:

                     (a)  the decision to require the person to relinquish a specified number of Australian emissions units is being reconsidered by the Authority under section 348;

                     (b)  the decision to require the person to relinquish a specified number of Australian emissions units has been affirmed or varied by the Authority under section 348, and the decision as so affirmed or varied is the subject of an application for review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal;

                     (c)  the decision to require the person to relinquish a specified number of Australian emissions units is the subject of an application for review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal;

the Authority must:

                     (d)  publish an appropriate annotation on its website; and

                     (e)  if paragraph (a) applies—when the Authority notifies the applicant for reconsideration of the Authority’s decision on the reconsideration, the Authority must publish an appropriate annotation on its website; and

                      (f)  if paragraph (b) or (c) applies—when the review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal (including any court proceedings arising out of the review) has been finalised, the Authority must publish an appropriate annotation on its website.

278E  Information about unpaid administrative penalties

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  under this Act or the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program, a person is required to relinquish a particular number of Australian emissions units; and

                     (b)  during an eligible financial year, an amount (the penalty amount) payable by the person under section 287 in relation to non‑compliance with the relinquishment requirement remains unpaid after the time when the penalty amount became due for payment; and

                     (c)  there is no entry for the person in the Information Database in relation to the eligible financial year.

Penalty amount

             (2)  The Authority must publish on its website:

                     (a)  the name of the person; and

                     (b)  details of the unpaid penalty amount.

278F  Information about number of relinquished units

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  under this Act or the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program, a person is required to relinquish a particular number of Australian emissions units; and

                     (b)  during an eligible financial year, the person relinquishes one or more Australian emissions units in order to comply with the requirement; and

                     (c)  there is no entry for the person in the Information Database in relation to the eligible financial year.

Australian emissions units relinquished

             (2)  As soon as practicable after receiving the relinquishment notice, the Authority must publish on its website:

                     (a)  the name of the person; and

                     (b)  the total number of Australian emissions units relinquished.


 

Division 7Information about designated large landfill facilities

278G  Publication of list of designated large landfill facilities

             (1)  The regulations may require the Authority to publish on its website, during each eligible financial year, a list of the landfill facilities that, in the Authority’s opinion, were designated large landfill facilities in relation to the previous eligible financial year.

             (2)  The regulations may provide that the list is to be published on or before such day as is ascertained in accordance with the regulations.

             (3)  For the purposes of subsection (1), assume that the financial year beginning on 1 July 2010 is an eligible financial year.


 

Part 13Fraudulent conduct

  

279  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      If a person is convicted of an offence relating to fraudulent conduct, and the issue of Australian emissions units is attributable to the commission of the offence, a court may order the person to relinquish a specified number of Australian emissions units.

280  Units issued as a result of fraudulent conduct—court may order relinquishment

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  one or more Australian emissions units were issued to a person on a particular occasion; and

                     (b)  the person has been convicted of an offence against:

                              (i)  section 134.1 of the Criminal Code; or

                             (ii)  section 134.2 of the Criminal Code; or

                            (iii)  section 135.1 of the Criminal Code; or

                            (iv)  section 135.2 of the Criminal Code; or

                             (v)  section 135.4 of the Criminal Code; or

                            (vi)  section 136.1 of the Criminal Code; or

                           (vii)  section 137.1 of the Criminal Code; or

                           (viii)  section 137.2 of the Criminal Code; and

                     (c)  the offence was committed after 15 December 2008; and

                     (d)  an appropriate court is satisfied that the issue of any or all of the units was directly or indirectly attributable to the commission of the offence.

Note:          For appropriate court, see subsection (7).

Relinquishment

             (2)  The court may, on application made by the Director of Public Prosecutions or the Authority, order the person:

                     (a)  to relinquish a specified number of Australian emissions units not exceeding the number of Australian emissions units issued as mentioned in paragraph (1)(a); and

                     (b)  to do so by a specified time.

Compliance

             (3)  The person must comply with an order under subsection (2).

Note:          An administrative penalty is payable under section 287 for non‑compliance with a relinquishment requirement.

             (4)  The person does not comply with an order under subsection (2) unless the notice of relinquishment specifies the order.

             (5)  To avoid doubt, the person is required to comply with an order under subsection (2) even if:

                     (a)  the person is not the registered holder of any Australian emissions units; or

                     (b)  the person is not the registered holder of the number of Australian emissions units required to be relinquished.

Conviction

             (6)  It is immaterial whether the conviction occurred before, at or after the commencement of this section.

Copy of order

          (6A)  A copy of an order under subsection (2) is to be given to the Authority.

Appropriate court

             (7)  For the purposes of this section, each of the following courts is an appropriate court:

                     (a)  the court that convicted the person of the offence;

                     (b)  the Federal Court;

                     (c)  the Supreme Court of a State or Territory.


 

Part 14Voluntary cancellation of emissions units

  

281  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      If a person is the registered holder of one or more Australian emissions units, the person may request the Authority to cancel any or all of those units.

•      If a person is the registered holder of one or more Kyoto units, the person may request the Authority to transfer to a voluntary cancellation account any or all of those units.

•      If a person is the registered holder of one or more non‑Kyoto international emissions units, the person may request the Authority to cancel any or all of those units.

282  Voluntary cancellation of Australian emissions units

             (1)  If a person is the registered holder of one or more Australian emissions units, the person may, by electronic notice transmitted to the Authority, request the Authority to cancel any or all of those units.

             (2)  A notice under subsection (1) must:

                     (a)  specify the Australian emissions unit or units that are to be cancelled; and

                     (b)  specify the account number or account numbers of the person’s Registry account, or the person’s Registry accounts, in which there is an entry or entries for the Australian emissions unit or units that are to be cancelled.

          (2A)  A person is not entitled to request the Authority to cancel an Australian emissions unit that has a vintage year beginning on 1 July 2011.

             (3)  If the Authority receives a notice under subsection (1) in relation to an Australian emissions unit:

                     (a)  the unit is cancelled; and

                     (b)  the Authority must remove the entry for the unit from the person’s Registry account in which there is an entry for the unit; and

                     (c)  the Minister must, by written notice given to the Authority, direct the Authority to transfer a Kyoto unit from the Commonwealth holding account to a voluntary cancellation account before the end of the true‑up period for the relevant commitment period; and

                     (d)  the Authority must comply with a direction under paragraph (c).

             (4)  The Registry must set out a record of each notice under subsection (1).

Note:          See section 150 (units in a retirement, cancellation or replacement account cannot be surrendered).

283  Voluntary cancellation of Kyoto units

             (1)  If a person is the registered holder of one or more Kyoto units, the person may, by electronic notice transmitted to the Authority, request the Authority to transfer to a voluntary cancellation account any or all of those units.

             (2)  A notice under subsection (1) must:

                     (a)  specify the Kyoto unit or units that are to be transferred to the voluntary cancellation account; and

                     (b)  specify the account number or account numbers of the person’s Registry account, or the person’s Registry accounts, in which there is an entry or entries for the Kyoto unit or units that are to be transferred to the voluntary cancellation account.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  a person requests that a Kyoto unit be transferred to a voluntary cancellation account; and

                     (b)  the Authority is satisfied that the transfer of the unit from the person’s Registry account to the voluntary cancellation account would not breach regulations made for the purposes of section 112 (Kyoto rules); and

                     (c)  the Authority is satisfied that the transfer of the unit from the person’s Registry account to the voluntary cancellation account would not breach regulations made for the purposes of section 114 (commitment period reserve);

the Authority must comply with the request as soon as practicable after receiving it.

             (4)  The Registry must set out a record of each notice under subsection (1).

Note:          See section 150 (units in a retirement, cancellation or replacement account cannot be surrendered).

284  Voluntary cancellation of non‑Kyoto international emissions units

             (1)  If a person is the registered holder of one or more non‑Kyoto international emissions units, the person may, by electronic notice transmitted to the Authority, request the Authority to cancel any or all of those units.

             (2)  A notice under subsection (1) must:

                     (a)  specify the non‑Kyoto international emissions unit or units that are to be cancelled; and

                     (b)  specify the account number or account numbers of the person’s Registry account, or the person’s Registry accounts, in which there is an entry or entries for the Australian emissions unit or units that are to be cancelled.

             (3)  If the Authority receives a notice under subsection (1) in relation to a non‑Kyoto international emissions unit:

                     (a)  if the regulations require the Authority to cancel the unit—the Authority must cancel the unit; and

                     (b)  if the regulations require the Authority to take specified action in relation to the unit—the Authority must take that action; and

                     (c)  the Authority must remove the entry for the unit from the person’s Registry account in which there is an entry for the unit.

             (4)  The Registry must set out a record of each notice under subsection (1).


 

Part 15Relinquishment of Australian emissions units

Division 1Introduction

285  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      If a person is the registered holder of one or more Australian emissions units, the person may, by electronic notice transmitted to the Authority, relinquish any or all of those units.

•      An administrative penalty is payable for non‑compliance with a relinquishment requirement under this Act or the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program.

Note 1:       A person may voluntarily relinquish Australian emissions units in order to satisfy a condition for revocation of a section 209 declaration in relation to a reforestation project.

Note 2:       A person may be required to relinquish Australian emissions units under Part 10 (reforestation), section 280 (fraudulent conduct) or the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program.


 

Division 2How Australian emissions units are relinquished

286  How Australian emissions units are relinquished

             (1)  If a person is the registered holder of one or more Australian emissions units, the person may, by electronic notice transmitted to the Authority, relinquish any or all of those units.

             (2)  A notice under subsection (1) must:

                     (a)  specify the Australian emissions unit or units that are being relinquished; and

                     (b)  if the Australian emissions unit or units are being relinquished in order to comply with a requirement under the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program—specify the requirement to which the relinquishment relates; and

                     (c)  if the Australian emissions unit or units are being relinquished in order to comply with a requirement under Part 10 (reforestation)—specify the requirement to which the relinquishment relates; and

                     (d)  if the Australian emissions unit or units are being voluntarily relinquished in order to satisfy a condition for revocation of a section 209 declaration in relation to a reforestation project—set out a statement to that effect; and

                     (e)  if the Australian emissions unit or units are being relinquished in order to comply with an order under subsection 280(2) (fraudulent conduct)—specify the order to which the relinquishment relates; and

                      (f)  specify the account number or account numbers of the person’s Registry account, or the person’s Registry accounts, in which there is an entry or entries for the Australian emissions unit or units that are being relinquished.

          (2A)  If:

                     (a)  an Australian emissions unit is relinquished; and

                     (b)  the unit has the vintage year beginning on 1 July 2011;

then:

                     (c)  the unit is cancelled; and

                     (d)  the Authority must remove the entry for the unit from the person’s Registry account in which there is an entry for the unit.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  an Australian emissions unit is relinquished by a person in order to comply with an order under subsection 280(2); and

                     (b)  the order was made because the person was convicted by a court of an offence that relates to:

                              (i)  Part 10 (reforestation); or

                             (ii)  Part 11 (destruction of synthetic greenhouse gases);

then:

                     (c)  the unit is cancelled; and

                     (d)  the Authority must remove the entry for the unit from the person’s Registry account in which there is an entry for the unit.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  an Australian emissions unit is relinquished by a person in order to comply with an order under subsection 280(2); and

                     (b)  the order was made because the person has been convicted by a court of an offence that does not relate to:

                              (i)  Part 10 (reforestation); or

                             (ii)  Part 11 (destruction of synthetic greenhouse gases); and

                    (ba)  subsection (2A) does not apply to the relinquishment of the unit;

then:

                     (c)  the Authority must transfer the unit from the person’s Registry account in which there is an entry for the unit to the Commonwealth relinquished units account; and

                     (d)  when the unit is transferred to the Commonwealth relinquished units account, property in the unit is transferred to the Commonwealth.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  an Australian emissions unit is relinquished by a person in order to comply with a requirement under the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program; and

                     (b)  subsection (2A) does not apply to the relinquishment of the unit;

then:

                     (c)  the Authority must transfer the unit from the person’s Registry account in which there is an entry for the unit to the Commonwealth relinquished units account; and

                     (d)  when the unit is transferred to the Commonwealth relinquished units account, property in the unit is transferred to the Commonwealth.

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  an Australian emissions unit is relinquished by a person in order to comply with a requirement under Part 10 (reforestation); or

                     (b)  an Australian emissions unit is voluntarily relinquished in order to satisfy a condition for revocation of a section 209 declaration in relation to a reforestation project;

then:

                     (c)  the unit is cancelled; and

                     (d)  the Authority must remove the entry for the unit from the person’s Registry account in which there is an entry for the unit.

             (7)  The Registry must set out a record of each notice under subsection (1).


 

Division 3Compliance with relinquishment requirements

287  Compliance with relinquishment requirements

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if, under this Act or the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program:

                     (a)  a person is required to relinquish a particular number of Australian emissions units; and

                     (b)  the person is required to do so by a particular time (the compliance deadline).

No units relinquished

             (2)  If, by the compliance deadline, the person has not relinquished any Australian emissions units in order to comply with the requirement, the person is liable to pay to the Commonwealth, by way of penalty, an amount worked out using the formula:

where:

prescribed amount for the financial year in which the compliance deadline occurs means:

                     (a)  if the requirement arose under the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program before 31 July 2012—$10; or

                     (b)  if:

                              (i)  the requirement arose before 1 July 2012; and

                             (ii)  paragraph (a) does not apply;

                            $20; or

                     (c)  in any other case:

                              (i)  if an amount is specified in the regulations for the financial year in which the compliance deadline occurs—that amount; or

                             (ii)  otherwise—an amount equal to 200% of the benchmark average auction price for the previous financial year.

Relinquishment of insufficient units

             (3)  If, by the compliance deadline:

                     (a)  the person has relinquished one or more Australian emissions units in order to comply with the requirement; and

                     (b)  the number of relinquished units is less than the number of units required to be relinquished;

the person is liable to pay to the Commonwealth, by way of penalty, an amount worked out using the formula:

where:

prescribed amount for the financial year in which the compliance deadline occurs means:

                     (a)  if the requirement arose under the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program before 31 July 2012—$10; or

                     (b)  if:

                              (i)  the requirement arose before 1 July 2012; and

                             (ii)  paragraph (a) does not apply;

                            $20; or

                     (c)  in any other case:

                              (i)  if an amount is specified in the regulations for the financial year in which the compliance deadline occurs—that amount; or

                             (ii)  otherwise—an amount equal to 200% of the benchmark average auction price for the previous financial year.

When penalty becomes due and payable

             (4)  An amount payable under this section is due and payable at the end of 30 days after the compliance deadline.

Compliance

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, a person relinquishes Australian emissions units in order to comply with a particular requirement under this Act or the emissions‑intensive trade‑exposed assistance program if, and only if, the notice of relinquishment specifies the requirement.

             (6)  To avoid doubt, a person may be liable to pay a penalty under this section even if:

                     (a)  the person is not the registered holder of any Australian emissions units; or

                     (b)  the person is not the registered holder of the number of Australian emissions units required to be relinquished.

288  Late payment penalty

             (1)  If an amount payable by a person under section 287 remains unpaid after the time when it became due for payment, the person is liable to pay, by way of penalty, an amount calculated at the rate of:

                     (a)  20% per annum; or

                     (b)  if a lower rate per annum is specified in the regulations—that lower rate per annum;

on the amount unpaid, computed from that time.

             (2)  The Authority may remit the whole or a part of an amount payable under subsection (1) if:

                     (a)  the Authority is satisfied that the person did not contribute to the delay in payment and has taken reasonable steps to mitigate the causes of the delay; or

                     (b)  the Authority is satisfied:

                              (i)  that the person contributed to the delay but has taken reasonable steps to mitigate the causes of the delay; and

                             (ii)  having regard to the nature of the reasons that caused the delay, that it would be fair and reasonable to remit some or all of the amount; or

                     (c)  the Authority is satisfied that there are special circumstances that make it reasonable to remit some or all of the amount.

289  Recovery of penalties

                   An amount payable under section 287 or 288:

                     (a)  is a debt due to the Commonwealth; and

                     (b)  may be recovered by the Authority, on behalf of the Commonwealth, by action in a court of competent jurisdiction.

290  Set‑off

                   If:

                     (a)  an amount (the first amount) is payable under section 287 or 288 by a person; and

                     (b)  the following conditions are satisfied in relation to another amount (the second amount):

                              (i)  the amount is payable by the Commonwealth to the person;

                             (ii)  the amount is of a kind specified in the regulations;

the Authority may, on behalf of the Commonwealth, set off the whole or a part of the first amount against the whole or a part of the second amount.

291  Refund of overpayments

Refund

             (1)  If either of the following amounts has been overpaid by a person, the amount overpaid must be refunded by the Commonwealth:

                     (a)  an amount payable under section 287;

                     (b)  an amount payable under section 288.

Note:          For appropriation, see section 28 of the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997.

Interest on overpayment

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  an amount overpaid by a person is refunded by the Commonwealth under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  the overpayment is attributable, in whole or in part, to an error made by the Authority;

interest calculated in accordance with subsection (3) is payable by the Commonwealth to the person in respect of the amount refunded.

             (3)  Interest payable to a person under subsection (2) in respect of an amount refunded to the person is to be calculated:

                     (a)  in respect of the period that:

                              (i)  began when the overpaid amount was paid to the Commonwealth; and

                             (ii)  ended when the amount was refunded; and

                     (b)  at the base interest rate (within the meaning of section 8AAD of the Taxation Administration Act 1953).

             (4)  The Consolidated Revenue Fund is appropriated for the purposes of making payments of interest under subsection (2).


 

Part 16Notification of significant holding of Australian emissions units

  

292  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      The controlling corporation of a group must notify the Authority if the group has a significant holding of Australian emissions units.

•      A non‑group entity must notify the Authority if the non‑group entity has a significant holding of Australian emissions units.

293  Notification of significant holding of Australian emissions units—controlling corporation of a group

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a controlling corporation if any of the following events occurs:

                     (a)  the controlling corporation’s group begins to have a significant holding of Australian emissions units with a particular vintage year;

                     (b)  the controlling corporation’s group ceases to have a significant holding of Australian emissions units with a particular vintage year.

Note:          For significant holding, see subsection (7).

Notice

             (2)  The controlling corporation must, within 5 business days after becoming aware of the event, give the Authority a written notice:

                     (a)  informing the Authority of the event; and

                     (b)  setting out the additional information mentioned in subsection (3).

             (3)  The additional information to be set out in the notice is as follows:

                     (a)  the name and address of the controlling corporation;

                     (b)  for each member of the controlling corporation’s group that, immediately after the event, holds one or more Australian emissions units with the vintage year:

                              (i)  the name and address of the member; and

                             (ii)  details of the member’s holding of those Australian emissions units;

                     (c)  the total number of Australian emissions units with the vintage year held by the members of the controlling corporation’s group immediately after the event;

                     (d)  the percentage worked out using the following formula:

                     (e)  such other information (if any) as is specified in the regulations.

Ancillary contraventions

             (4)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (2); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (2); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (2); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (2).

Civil penalty provisions

             (5)  Subsections (2) and (4) are civil penalty provisions.

Note:          Part 21 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.

Authority to publish notice

             (6)  If the Authority receives a notice under subsection (2), the Authority must publish the notice on its website.

Significant holding

             (7)  For the purposes of this section, the controlling corporation’s group has a significant holding of Australian emissions units with a particular vintage year if the percentage worked out using the following formula is 5% or more:

Exception

             (8)  Paragraphs (1)(a) and (b) do not apply to an Australian emissions unit with a vintage year beginning on 1 July 2011.

294  Notification of significant holding of Australian emissions units—non‑group entity

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a non‑group entity if any of the following events occurs:

                     (a)  the non‑group entity begins to have a significant holding of Australian emissions units with a particular vintage year;

                     (b)  the non‑group entity ceases to have a significant holding of Australian emissions units with a particular vintage year.

Note:          For significant holding, see subsection (7).

Notice

             (2)  The non‑group entity must, within 5 business days after becoming aware of the event, give the Authority a written notice:

                     (a)  informing the Authority of the event; and

                     (b)  setting out the additional information mentioned in subsection (3).

             (3)  The additional information to be set out in the notice is as follows:

                     (a)  the name and address of the non‑group entity;

                     (b)  the total number of Australian emissions units with the vintage year held by the non‑group entity immediately after the event;

                     (c)  the percentage worked out using the following formula:

                     (d)  such other information (if any) as is specified in the regulations.

Ancillary contraventions

             (4)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (2); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (2); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (2); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (2).

Civil penalty provisions

             (5)  Subsections (2) and (4) are civil penalty provisions.

Note:          Part 21 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.

Authority to publish notice

             (6)  If the Authority receives a notice under subsection (2), the Authority must publish the notice on its website.

Significant holding

             (7)  For the purposes of this section, the non‑group entity has a significant holding of Australian emissions units with a particular vintage year if the percentage worked out using the following formula is 5% or more:

Exception

             (8)  Paragraphs (1)(a) and (b) do not apply to an Australian emissions unit with a vintage year beginning on 1 July 2011.


 

Part 17Information‑gathering powers

  

295  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      The Authority may obtain information or documents.

296  Authority may obtain information or documents

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a person if the Authority believes on reasonable grounds that the person has information or a document that is relevant to the operation of this Act or the associated provisions.

Requirement

             (2)  The Authority may, by written notice given to the person, require the person:

                     (a)  to give to the Authority, within the period and in the manner and form specified in the notice, any such information; or

                     (b)  to produce to the Authority, within the period and in the manner specified in the notice, any such documents; or

                     (c)  to make copies of any such documents and to produce to the Authority, within the period and in the manner specified in the notice, those copies.

             (3)  A period specified under subsection (2) must not be shorter than 14 days after the notice is given.

Compliance

             (4)  A person must comply with a requirement under subsection (2) to the extent that the person is capable of doing so.

Ancillary contraventions

             (5)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (4); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (4); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (4); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (4).

Civil penalty provisions

             (6)  Subsections (4) and (5) are civil penalty provisions.

Note:          Part 21 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.

No limitation

             (7)  This section is not limited by:

                     (a)  any other provision of this Act; or

                     (b)  any provision of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007;

that relates to the powers of the Authority to obtain information or documents.

297  Copying documents—compensation

                   A person is entitled to be paid by the Authority, on behalf of the Commonwealth, reasonable compensation for complying with a requirement covered by paragraph 296(2)(c).

298  Copies of documents

             (1)  The Authority may:

                     (a)  inspect a document or copy produced under subsection 296(2); and

                     (b)  make and retain copies of, or take and retain extracts from, such a document.

             (2)  The Authority may retain possession of a copy of a document produced in accordance with a requirement covered by paragraph 296(2)(c).

299  Authority may retain documents

             (1)  The Authority may take, and retain for as long as is necessary, possession of a document produced under subsection 296(2).

             (2)  The person otherwise entitled to possession of the document is entitled to be supplied, as soon as practicable, with a copy certified by the Authority to be a true copy.

             (3)  The certified copy must be received in all courts and tribunals as evidence as if it were the original.

             (4)  Until a certified copy is supplied, the Authority must, at such times and places as the Authority thinks appropriate, permit the person otherwise entitled to possession of the document, or a person authorised by that person, to inspect and make copies of, or take extracts from, the document.

300  Self‑incrimination

             (1)  A person is not excused from giving information or producing a document under section 296 on the ground that the information or the production of the document might tend to incriminate the person or expose the person to a penalty.

             (2)  However, in the case of an individual:

                     (a)  the information given or the document produced; or

                     (b)  giving the information or producing the document; or

                     (c)  any information, document or thing obtained as a direct or indirect consequence of giving the information or producing the document;

is not admissible in evidence against the individual:

                     (d)  in civil proceedings for the recovery of a penalty (other than proceedings for the recovery of a penalty under section 133, 135, 287 or 288); or

                     (e)  in criminal proceedings (other than proceedings for an offence against section 137.1 or 137.2 of the Criminal Code that relates to this Part).


 

Part 18Record‑keeping requirements

  

301  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      The regulations may require a person to:

               (a)     make a record of information; and

               (b)     retain the record.

•      Records must be kept of the quotation of OTNs.

302  Record‑keeping requirements—general

             (1)  The regulations may require a person to:

                     (a)  make a record of specified information, where the information is relevant to this Act; and

                     (b)  retain:

                              (i)  the record; or

                             (ii)  a copy of the record;

                            for 5 years after the making of the record.

             (2)  If a person is subject to a requirement under regulations made for the purposes of subsection (1), the person must comply with that requirement.

Ancillary contraventions

             (3)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (2); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (2); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (2); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (2).

Civil penalty provisions

             (4)  Subsections (2) and (3) are civil penalty provisions.

Note:          Part 21 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.

Other provisions do not limit this section

             (5)  This section is not limited by:

                     (a)  any other provision of this Act; or

                     (b)  a provision of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007;

that relates to the keeping or retention of records.

303  Record‑keeping requirements—quotation of OTN

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a person (the supplier) supplies an amount of:

                              (i)  eligible upstream fuel; or

                             (ii)  synthetic greenhouse gas;

                            to another person (the recipient); and

                     (b)  the recipient quotes the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply; and

                     (c)  the supplier does not, under section 65, reject the quotation of the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply.

Record‑keeping requirements

             (2)  The supplier must retain:

                     (a)  the statement by which the quotation was made; or

                     (b)  a copy of that statement;

for 5 years after the quotation occurred.

             (3)  The recipient must:

                     (a)  make a copy of the statement by which the quotation was made; and

                     (b)  retain that copy for 5 years after the quotation occurred.

Civil penalty

             (4)  Subsections (2) and (3) are civil penalty provisions.

Note:          Part 21 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.

304  Record‑keeping requirements—rejection of quotation of OTN

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a person (the supplier) supplies an amount of:

                              (i)  eligible upstream fuel; or

                             (ii)  synthetic greenhouse gas;

                            to another person (the recipient); and

                     (b)  the recipient quotes the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply; and

                     (c)  under section 65, the supplier rejects the quotation of the recipient’s OTN in relation to the supply.

Record‑keeping requirements

             (2)  The supplier must:

                     (a)  make a record of the rejection; and

                     (b)  retain:

                              (i)  the record; or

                             (ii)  a copy of the record;

                            for 5 years after the making of the record.

Civil penalty

             (3)  Subsection (2) is a civil penalty provision.

Note:          Part 21 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.


 

Part 19Monitoring powers

Division 1Simplified outline

305  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      An inspector may enter premises for the purpose of:

               (a)     determining whether this Act or the associated provisions have been complied with; or

               (b)     substantiating information provided under this Act or the associated provisions.

•      Entry must be with the consent of the occupier of the premises or under a monitoring warrant.

•      An inspector who enters premises may exercise monitoring powers. The inspector may be assisted by other persons if that assistance is necessary and reasonable.

•      The occupier of the premises has certain rights and responsibilities.


 

Division 2Appointment of inspectors and issue of identity cards

306  Appointment of inspectors

             (1)  The Authority may, in writing, appoint:

                     (a)  a member of the staff of the Authority who:

                              (i)  is an SES employee or acting SES employee; or

                             (ii)  holds or performs the duties of an APS Executive Level 1 or 2 position or an equivalent position; or

                     (b)  a member or special member of the Australian Federal Police;

as an inspector for the purposes of this Act.

             (2)  The Authority must not appoint a person as an inspector unless the Authority is satisfied that the person has suitable qualifications and experience to properly exercise the powers of an inspector.

             (3)  An inspector must, in exercising powers as an inspector, comply with any directions of the Authority.

             (4)  If a direction is given under subsection (3) in writing, the direction is not a legislative instrument.

307  Identity cards

             (1)  The Authority must issue an identity card to an inspector.

Form of identity card

             (2)  The identity card must:

                     (a)  be in the form prescribed by the regulations; and

                     (b)  contain a recent photograph of the inspector.

Offence

             (3)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person has been issued with an identity card; and

                     (b)  the person ceases to be an inspector; and

                     (c)  the person does not, as soon as practicable after so ceasing, return the identity card to the Authority.

Penalty:  1 penalty unit.

             (4)  An offence against subsection (3) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Defence—card lost or destroyed

             (5)  Subsection (3) does not apply if the identity card was lost or destroyed.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in this subsection: see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

Inspector must carry card

             (6)  An inspector must carry his or her identity card at all times when exercising powers as an inspector.


 

Division 3Powers of inspectors

Subdivision AMonitoring powers

308  Inspector may enter premises by consent or under a warrant

             (1)  For the purpose of:

                     (a)  determining whether this Act or the associated provisions have been, or are being, complied with; or

                     (b)  substantiating information provided under this Act or the associated provisions;

an inspector may:

                     (c)  enter any premises; and

                     (d)  exercise the monitoring powers set out in section 309.

             (2)  However, an inspector is not authorised to enter the premises unless:

                     (a)  the occupier of the premises has consented to the entry and the inspector has shown his or her identity card if required by the occupier; or

                     (b)  the entry is made under a monitoring warrant.

Note:          If entry to the premises is with the occupier’s consent, the inspector must leave the premises if the consent ceases to have effect: see section 313.

309  Monitoring powers of inspectors

             (1)  The following are the monitoring powers that an inspector may exercise in relation to premises under section 308:

                     (a)  the power to search the premises and any thing on the premises;

                     (b)  the power to examine any activity conducted on the premises;

                     (c)  the power to inspect, examine, take measurements of or conduct tests on any thing on the premises;

                     (d)  the power to make any still or moving image or any recording of the premises or any thing on the premises;

                     (e)  the power to inspect any document on the premises;

                      (f)  the power to take extracts from, or make copies of, any such document;

                     (g)  the power to take onto the premises such equipment and materials as the inspector requires for the purpose of exercising powers in relation to the premises;

                     (h)  the powers set out in subsections (2), (3) and (5).

Operating electronic equipment

             (2)  The monitoring powers include the power to operate electronic equipment on the premises to see whether:

                     (a)  the equipment; or

                     (b)  a disk, tape or other storage device that:

                              (i)  is on the premises; and

                             (ii)  can be used with the equipment or is associated with it;

contains information that is relevant to:

                     (c)  determining whether this Act or the associated provisions have been, or are being, complied with; or

                     (d)  substantiating information provided under this Act or the associated provisions.

             (3)  The monitoring powers include the following powers in relation to information described in subsection (2) found in the exercise of the power under that subsection:

                     (a)  the power to operate electronic equipment on the premises to put the information in documentary form and remove the documents so produced from the premises;

                     (b)  the power to operate electronic equipment on the premises to transfer the information to a disk, tape or other storage device that:

                              (i)  is brought to the premises for the exercise of the power; or

                             (ii)  is on the premises and the use of which for that purpose has been agreed in writing by the occupier of the premises;

                            and remove the disk, tape or other storage device from the premises.

             (4)  An inspector may operate electronic equipment as mentioned in subsection (2) or (3) only if he or she believes on reasonable grounds that the operation of the equipment can be carried out without damage to the equipment.

Securing things if entry to premises is under a monitoring warrant

             (5)  If entry to the premises is under a monitoring warrant, the monitoring powers include the power to secure a thing for a period not exceeding 24 hours if:

                     (a)  the thing is found during the exercise of monitoring powers on the premises; and

                     (b)  an inspector believes on reasonable grounds that:

                              (i)  the thing affords evidence of the commission of an offence against this Act or of an offence against the Crimes Act 1914 or the Criminal Code that relates to this Act; and

                             (ii)  it is necessary to secure the thing in order to prevent it from being concealed, lost or destroyed before a warrant to seize the thing is obtained; and

                            (iii)  the circumstances are serious and urgent.

             (6)  If an inspector believes on reasonable grounds that the thing needs to be secured for more than 24 hours, he or she may apply to a magistrate for an extension of that period.

             (7)  The inspector must give notice to the occupier of the premises, or another person who apparently represents the occupier, of his or her intention to apply for an extension. The occupier or other person is entitled to be heard in relation to that application.

             (8)  The provisions of this Part relating to the issue of monitoring warrants apply, with such modifications as are necessary, to the issue of an extension.

             (9)  The 24 hour period may be extended more than once.

310  Persons assisting inspectors

Inspectors may be assisted by other persons

             (1)  An inspector may, in entering premises under section 308 and in exercising monitoring powers in relation to the premises, be assisted by other persons if that assistance is necessary and reasonable. A person giving such assistance is a person assisting the inspector.

Powers of a person assisting the inspector

             (2)  A person assisting the inspector may:

                     (a)  enter the premises; and

                     (b)  exercise monitoring powers in relation to the premises, but only in accordance with a direction given to the person by the inspector.

             (3)  A power exercised by a person assisting the inspector as mentioned in subsection (2) is taken for all purposes to have been exercised by the inspector.

             (4)  If a direction is given under paragraph (2)(b) in writing, the direction is not a legislative instrument.

Subdivision BPowers of inspectors to ask questions and seek production of documents

311  Inspector may ask questions and seek production of documents

Entry with consent

             (1)  If an inspector is authorised to enter premises because the occupier of the premises consented to the entry, the inspector may ask the occupier to:

                     (a)  answer any questions relating to the operation of this Act or the associated provisions that are put by the inspector; and

                     (b)  produce any document relating to the operation of this Act or the associated provisions that is requested by the inspector.

Entry under a monitoring warrant

             (2)  If an inspector is authorised to enter premises by a monitoring warrant, the inspector may require any person on the premises to:

                     (a)  answer any questions relating to the operation of this Act or the associated provisions that are put by the inspector; and

                     (b)  produce any document relating to the operation of this Act or the associated provisions that is requested by the inspector.

Offence

             (3)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a requirement under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person fails to comply with the requirement.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 6 months or 30 penalty units, or both.

312  Self‑incrimination

             (1)  A person is not excused from giving an answer or producing a document under section 311 on the ground that the answer or the production of the document might tend to incriminate the person or expose the person to a penalty.

             (2)  However, in the case of an individual:

                     (a)  the answer given or the document produced; or

                     (b)  giving the answer or producing the document; or

                     (c)  any information, document or thing obtained as a direct or indirect consequence of giving the answer or producing the document;

is not admissible in evidence against the individual:

                     (d)  in civil proceedings for the recovery of a penalty (other than proceedings for the recovery of a penalty under section 133, 135, 287 or 288); or

                     (e)  in criminal proceedings (other than proceedings for an offence against section 137.1 or 137.2 of the Criminal Code that relates to this Part).


 

Division 4Obligations and incidental powers of inspectors

313  Consent

             (1)  An inspector must, before obtaining the consent of an occupier of premises for the purposes of paragraph 308(2)(a), inform the occupier that the occupier may refuse consent.

             (2)  A consent has no effect unless the consent is voluntary.

             (3)  A consent may be expressed to be limited to entry during a particular period. If so, the consent has effect for that period unless the consent is withdrawn before the end of that period.

             (4)  A consent that is not limited as mentioned in subsection (3) has effect until the consent is withdrawn.

             (5)  If an inspector entered premises because of the consent of the occupier of the premises, the inspector, and any person assisting the inspector, must leave the premises if the consent ceases to have effect.

314  Announcement before entry under warrant

             (1)  An inspector must, before entering premises under a monitoring warrant:

                     (a)  announce that he or she is authorised to enter the premises; and

                     (b)  show his or her identity card to the occupier of the premises, or to another person who apparently represents the occupier, if the occupier or other person is present at the premises; and

                     (c)  give any person at the premises an opportunity to allow entry to the premises.

             (2)  However, an inspector is not required to comply with subsection (1) if he or she believes on reasonable grounds that immediate entry to the premises is required:

                     (a)  to ensure the safety of a person; or

                     (b)  to ensure that the effective execution of the warrant is not frustrated.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  an inspector does not comply with subsection (1) because of subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the occupier of the premises, or another person who apparently represents the occupier, is present at the premises;

the inspector must, as soon as practicable after entering the premises, show his or her identity card to the occupier or other person.

315  Inspector to be in possession of warrant

                   If a monitoring warrant is being executed in relation to premises, an inspector executing the warrant must be in possession of the warrant or a copy of the warrant.

316  Details of warrant etc. to be given to occupier

                   If:

                     (a)  a monitoring warrant is being executed in relation to premises; and

                     (b)  the occupier of the premises, or another person who apparently represents the occupier, is present at the premises;

an inspector executing the warrant must, as soon as practicable:

                     (c)  make a copy of the warrant available to the occupier or other person (which need not include the signature of the magistrate who issued it); and

                     (d)  inform the occupier or other person of the rights and responsibilities of the occupier or other person under Division 5.

317  Expert assistance to operate electronic equipment

             (1)  This section applies to premises to which a monitoring warrant relates.

Securing equipment

             (2)  If an inspector believes on reasonable grounds that:

                     (a)  there is on the premises information that is relevant to:

                              (i)  determining whether this Act or the associated provisions have been, or are being, complied with; or

                             (ii)  substantiating information provided under this Act or the associated provisions;

                            and that may be accessible by operating electronic equipment on the premises; and

                     (b)  expert assistance is required to operate the equipment; and

                     (c)  if he or she does not take action under this subsection, the information may be destroyed, altered or otherwise interfered with;

he or she may do whatever is necessary to secure the equipment, whether by locking it up, placing a guard or other means.

             (3)  The inspector must give notice to the occupier of the premises, or another person who apparently represents the occupier, of his or her intention to secure the equipment and of the fact that the equipment may be secured for up to 24 hours.

Period equipment may be secured

             (4)  The equipment may be secured:

                     (a)  until the 24 hour period ends; or

                     (b)  until the equipment has been operated by the expert;

whichever happens first.

Extensions

             (5)  If an inspector believes on reasonable grounds that the equipment needs to be secured for more than 24 hours, he or she may apply to a magistrate for an extension of that period.

             (6)  The inspector must give notice to the occupier of the premises, or another person who apparently represents the occupier, of his or her intention to apply for an extension. The occupier or other person is entitled to be heard in relation to that application.

             (7)  The provisions of this Part relating to the issue of monitoring warrants apply, with such modifications as are necessary, to the issue of an extension.

             (8)  The 24 hour period may be extended more than once.

318  Compensation for damage to electronic equipment

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  as a result of electronic equipment being operated as mentioned in this Part:

                              (i)  damage is caused to the equipment; or

                             (ii)  the data recorded on the equipment is damaged; or

                            (iii)  programs associated with the use of the equipment, or with the use of the data, are damaged or corrupted; and

                     (b)  the damage or corruption occurs because:

                              (i)  insufficient care was exercised in selecting the person who was to operate the equipment; or

                             (ii)  insufficient care was exercised by the person operating the equipment.

             (2)  The Commonwealth must pay the owner of the equipment, or the user of the data or programs, such reasonable compensation for the damage or corruption as the Commonwealth and the owner or user agree on.

             (3)  However, if the owner or user and the Commonwealth fail to agree, the owner or user may institute proceedings in the Federal Court for such reasonable amount of compensation as the Court determines.

             (4)  In determining the amount of compensation payable, regard is to be had to whether the occupier of the premises, or the occupier’s employees and agents, if they were available at the time, provided any appropriate warning or guidance on the operation of the equipment.

             (5)  In this section:

damage, in relation to data, includes damage by erasure of data or addition of other data.


 

Division 5Occupier’s rights and responsibilities

319  Occupier entitled to observe execution of warrant

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a monitoring warrant is being executed in relation to premises; and

                     (b)  the occupier of the premises, or another person who apparently represents the occupier, is present at the premises;

the occupier or other person is entitled to observe the execution of the warrant.

             (2)  The right to observe the execution of the warrant ceases if the occupier or other person impedes that execution.

             (3)  This section does not prevent the execution of the warrant in 2 or more areas of the premises at the same time.

320  Occupier to provide inspector with facilities and assistance

             (1)  The occupier of premises to which a monitoring warrant relates, or another person who apparently represents the occupier, must provide:

                     (a)  an inspector executing the warrant; and

                     (b)  any person assisting the inspector;

with all reasonable facilities and assistance for the effective exercise of their powers.

             (2)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to subsection (1); and

                     (b)  the person fails to comply with that subsection.

Penalty:  30 penalty units.


 

Division 6Monitoring warrants

321  Monitoring warrants

Application for warrant

             (1)  An inspector may apply to a magistrate for a warrant under this section in relation to premises.

Issue of warrant

             (2)  The magistrate may issue the warrant if the magistrate is satisfied, by information on oath or affirmation, that it is reasonably necessary that one or more inspectors should have access to the premises for the purpose of:

                     (a)  determining whether this Act or the associated provisions have been, or are being, complied with; or

                     (b)  substantiating information provided under this Act or the associated provisions.

             (3)  However, the magistrate must not issue the warrant unless the inspector or some other person has given to the magistrate, either orally or by affidavit, such further information (if any) as the magistrate requires concerning the grounds on which the issue of the warrant is being sought.

Content of warrant

             (4)  The warrant must:

                     (a)  describe the premises to which the warrant relates; and

                     (b)  state that the warrant is issued under this section; and

                     (c)  state that the warrant is issued for the purpose of:

                              (i)  determining whether this Act or the associated provisions have been, or are being, complied with; or

                             (ii)  substantiating information provided under this Act or the associated provisions; and

                     (d)  authorise one or more inspectors (whether or not named in the warrant) from time to time while the warrant remains in force:

                              (i)  to enter the premises; and

                             (ii)  to exercise the powers set out in Divisions 3 and 4 in relation to the premises; and

                     (e)  state whether the entry is authorised to be made at any time of the day or during specified hours of the day; and

                      (f)  specify the day (not more than 6 months after the issue of the warrant) on which the warrant ceases to be in force.


 

Division 7Powers of magistrates

322  Powers of magistrates

Powers conferred personally

             (1)  A power conferred on a magistrate by this Part is conferred on the magistrate:

                     (a)  in a personal capacity; and

                     (b)  not as a court or a member of a court.

Powers need not be accepted

             (2)  The magistrate need not accept the power conferred.

Protection and immunity

             (3)  A magistrate exercising a power conferred by this Part has the same protection and immunity as if he or she were exercising the power:

                     (a)  as the court of which the magistrate is a member; or

                     (b)  as a member of the court of which the magistrate is a member.


 

Part 20Liability of executive officers of bodies corporate

  

323  Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      If a body corporate contravenes a civil penalty provision, and an executive officer of the body corporate was involved in the contravention, the officer will contravene a civil penalty provision.

324  Civil penalties for executive officers of bodies corporate

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a body corporate contravenes a civil penalty provision; and

                     (b)  an executive officer of the body corporate knew that, or was reckless or negligent as to whether, the contravention would occur; and

                     (c)  the officer was in a position to influence the conduct of the body corporate in relation to the contravention; and

                     (d)  the officer failed to take all reasonable steps to prevent the contravention;

the officer contravenes this subsection.

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), the officer is reckless as to whether the contravention would occur if:

                     (a)  the officer is aware of a substantial risk that the contravention would occur; and

                     (b)  having regard to the circumstances known to the officer, it is unjustifiable to take the risk.

             (3)  For the purposes of subsection (1), the officer is negligent as to whether the contravention would occur if the officer’s conduct involves:

                     (a)  such a great falling short of the standard of care that a reasonable person would exercise in the circumstances; and

                     (b)  such a high risk that the contravention would occur;

that the conduct merits the imposition of a pecuniary penalty.

Civil penalty provision

             (4)  Subsection (1) is a civil penalty pro