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Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991

  • - C2007C00477
  • In force - Superseded Version
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Act No. 118 of 1991 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Act No. 98 of 2007
An Act establishing a body to be known as Food Standards Australia New Zealand with functions relating to the development of food regulatory measures, and for related purposes
Administered by: Health
Registered 18 Jul 2007
Start Date 01 Jul 2007
End Date 27 Dec 2008

Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991

Act No. 118 of 1991 as amended

This compilation was prepared on 11 July 2007
taking into account amendments up to Act No. 98 of 2007

The text of any of those amendments not in force
on that date is appended in the Notes section

The operation of amendments that have been incorporated may be affected by application provisions that are set out in the Notes section

Prepared by the Office of Legislative Drafting and Publishing,
Attorney‑General’s Department,
Canberra

  

  

  


Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                               1

1............ Short title [see Note 1]....................................................................... 1

2............ Commencement [see Note 1].............................................................. 1

3............ Object of Act...................................................................................... 1

4............ Interpretation...................................................................................... 2

5............ Meaning of food.................................................................................. 6

6............ Declaration of what is food................................................................ 7

7............ How is public notice given?................................................................ 7

8............ When is an exclusive capturable commercial benefit conferred on an applicant?    8

9............ Operation of Act................................................................................ 8

10.......... Act to bind Crown.............................................................................. 9

11.......... Application of the Criminal Code...................................................... 9

Part 2—The Authority                                                                                                        10

Division 1—Establishment, functions and powers of the Authority  10

12.......... Establishment of Authority.............................................................. 10

13.......... Functions.......................................................................................... 10

14.......... Powers.............................................................................................. 12

15.......... Minister may give directions............................................................ 13

Division 2—Food regulatory measures                                                            14

16.......... Matters that may be included in standards and variations of standards  14

17.......... Codes of practice.............................................................................. 16

18.......... Objectives of the Authority in developing or reviewing food regulatory measures and variations of food regulatory measures........................................................................................... 16

19.......... Notices to be given to the Gene Technology Regulator................... 17

Division 3—Forward planning                                                                                18

20.......... Authority to develop three year plan............................................... 18

Part 3—Food regulatory measures                                                                             19

Division 1—Applications for the development or variation of food regulatory measures           19

Subdivision A—Overview                                                                                         19

21.......... Steps in the consideration of an application..................................... 19

Subdivision B—Applications                                                                                   20

22.......... Applications..................................................................................... 20

23.......... Application guidelines...................................................................... 21

24.......... Withdrawal of applications.............................................................. 22

Subdivision C—Procedures for considering applications                                 22

25.......... Which procedure is appropriate?..................................................... 22

Subdivision D—General procedure                                                                       23

26.......... Accepting an application.................................................................. 23

27.......... Notice of acceptance......................................................................... 23

28.......... Public notice of the application........................................................ 24

29.......... Assessing the application................................................................. 25

30.......... Preparing a draft variation................................................................ 26

31.......... Calling for submissions..................................................................... 26

32.......... Alternative steps to be followed...................................................... 27

33.......... Approving the draft standard or draft variation............................... 27

34.......... Notifying the Council....................................................................... 28

35.......... Alternative to steps set out in sections 33 and 34—approving the draft code of practice or draft variation         29

Subdivision E—Modification of general procedure for minor variations       30

36.......... Application of Subdivision............................................................... 30

37.......... Adopt the general procedure with the modifications set out in this Subdivision    30

38.......... Modification of step set out in section 29....................................... 30

39.......... Modification of step set out in section 30....................................... 30

40.......... Modification of step set out in section 31....................................... 30

41.......... Modification of steps set out in sections 32, 33, 34 and 35............ 31

Subdivision F—Modification of general procedure for developing new food regulatory measures and major variations                                                                                                         32

42.......... Application of Subdivision............................................................... 32

43.......... Adopt the general procedure with the modifications set out in this Subdivision    33

44.......... Additional step after step set out in section 29............................... 33

45.......... Matters to which Authority must have regard in making a decision under section 30            33

Division 2—Proposals for the development or variation of food regulatory measures 34

Subdivision A—Overview                                                                                         34

54.......... Steps in the consideration of a proposal.......................................... 34

Subdivision B—Proposals                                                                                       35

55.......... Proposals.......................................................................................... 35

56.......... Abandonment of proposals.............................................................. 35

Subdivision C—Procedures for considering proposals                                     36

57.......... Which procedure is appropriate?..................................................... 36

Subdivision D—General procedure                                                                       36

58.......... Public notice of a proposal............................................................... 36

59.......... Assessing a proposal........................................................................ 37

60.......... Preparing a draft food regulatory measure or draft variation............ 37

61.......... Calling for submissions..................................................................... 37

62.......... Alternative steps to be followed...................................................... 38

63.......... Approving the draft standard or draft variation............................... 38

64.......... Notifying the Council....................................................................... 39

65.......... Alternative to steps set out in sections 63 and 64—approving the draft code of practice or draft variation         40

Subdivision E—Modification of general procedure for minor variations       41

66.......... Application of Subdivision............................................................... 41

67.......... Adopt the general procedure with the modifications set out in this Subdivision    41

68.......... Modification of step set out in section 61....................................... 41

69.......... Modification of steps set out in sections 62, 63, 64 and 65............ 42

Subdivision F—Modification of general procedure for developing new food regulatory measures and major variations                                                                                                         43

70.......... Application of Subdivision............................................................... 43

71.......... Adopt the general procedure with the modifications set out in this Subdivision    44

72.......... Additional step after step set out in section 59............................... 44

73.......... Matters to which Authority must have regard in making a decision under section 60            44

Subdivision H—Variations of the Maximum Residue Limits Standard          44

80.......... Application of Subdivision............................................................... 44

81.......... Authority must prepare a proposal to vary the Maximum Residue Limits Standard and adopt the general procedure to consider it......................................................................................... 45

82.......... Section 58 notice to be given within 10 business days..................... 45

83.......... Authority to complete its consideration of the proposal within prescribed period                45

Division 3—Council may request a review of approved draft standard etc.        46

84.......... Council may request a first review................................................... 46

85.......... Council may request a second review............................................... 47

86.......... Council may amend or reject draft after second review.................... 48

87.......... Publication of standard or variation.................................................. 49

Division 4—Urgent applications and proposals                                            53

Subdivision A—Urgent consideration of applications and proposals              53

95.......... Declaration of urgency...................................................................... 53

96.......... Preparation of draft standard or variation........................................ 54

97.......... Approval and publication of standard or variation.......................... 55

Subdivision B—Assessing the resulting standard or variation                       56

98.......... Application....................................................................................... 56

99.......... Assessing the standard or variation.................................................. 56

100........ Calling for submissions..................................................................... 57

101........ Re‑affirm the standard or variation or propose changes................... 57

102........ Council may request Authority to review........................................ 58

103........ Review requested.............................................................................. 59

104........ Authority to respond to request...................................................... 59

105........ Council may request second review................................................. 60

106........ Council may revoke or amend standard or variation........................ 60

Division 5—General rules for considering applications and proposals  62

107........ General conduct in considering an application or proposal.............. 62

108........ Authority may require further information...................................... 62

109........ Period within which consideration of applications for standards or variations must be completed       63

110........ Rejecting an application or abandoning a proposal.......................... 65

111........ Public hearings.................................................................................. 67

112........ Authority may rely on work or processes of other government agencies               67

Division 6—Other matters                                                                                      69

113........ Review of food regulatory measures................................................ 69

114........ Confidential commercial information................................................ 69

Part 4—The Board, the Chief Executive Officer and the Authority’s staff               73

Division 1—The Board                                                                                              73

115........ Board................................................................................................ 73

116........ Constitution of Board....................................................................... 73

117........ Appointment of members................................................................ 77

118........ Committees....................................................................................... 78

119........ Remuneration and allowances........................................................... 79

120........ Leave of absence of members........................................................... 80

121........ Acting appointments........................................................................ 80

122........ Meetings........................................................................................... 80

123........ Conduct of meetings......................................................................... 81

124........ Resolutions without formal meetings............................................... 81

125........ Disclosure of interests...................................................................... 82

126........ Resignation....................................................................................... 82

127........ Termination of appointment............................................................ 82

Division 2—The Chief Executive Officer                                                        84

128........ Appointment.................................................................................... 84

129........ Duties............................................................................................... 84

130........ Delegation......................................................................................... 85

131........ Remuneration and allowances........................................................... 85

132........ Resignation....................................................................................... 85

133........ Other terms and conditions.............................................................. 85

134........ Acting Chief Executive Officer......................................................... 85

Division 3—Staff, consultants and assistance from other agencies   87

135........ Staff of Authority............................................................................. 87

136........ Consultants....................................................................................... 87

137........ Arrangements with Commonwealth Departments etc..................... 87

Part 5—Finance                                                                                                                      89

138........ Money to be appropriated............................................................... 89

139........ Money of Authority........................................................................ 89

140........ Taxation............................................................................................ 89

141........ Trust money..................................................................................... 90

Part 6—Miscellaneous                                                                                                       91

142........ Documents and samples become Commonwealth property............ 91

143........ Review of decisions.......................................................................... 91

144........ Statement accompanying notification of decisions........................... 92

145........ Fees for services provided to New Zealand..................................... 92

146........ Charges relating to the Authority’s costs......................................... 93

147........ Charge—late payment penalty......................................................... 93

148........ Charge—discount for early payment............................................... 94

149........ Charge and late payment penalty—remissions and refunds............ 94

150........ Delegation by Board......................................................................... 94

151........ Exemption from suit......................................................................... 95

152........ Annual report................................................................................... 96

153........ Regulations....................................................................................... 98

Notes                                                                                                                                            99


An Act establishing a body to be known as Food Standards Australia New Zealand with functions relating to the development of food regulatory measures, and for related purposes

Part 1Preliminary

  

1  Short title [see Note 1]

                   This Act may be cited as the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991.

2  Commencement [see Note 1]

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), this Act commences on a day to be fixed by Proclamation.

             (2)  If this Act does not commence under subsection (1) within the period of 6 months beginning on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent, it commences on the first day after the end of that period.

3  Object of Act

                   The object of this Act is to ensure a high standard of public health protection throughout Australia and New Zealand by means of the establishment and operation of a joint body to be known as Food Standards Australia New Zealand to achieve the following goals:

                     (a)  a high degree of consumer confidence in the quality and safety of food produced, processed, sold or exported from Australia and New Zealand;

                     (b)  an effective, transparent and accountable regulatory framework within which the food industry can work efficiently;

                     (c)  the provision of adequate information relating to food to enable consumers to make informed choices;

                     (d)  the establishment of common rules for both countries and the promotion of consistency between domestic and international food regulatory measures without reducing the safeguards applying to public health and consumer protection.

4  Interpretation

             (1)  In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:

Agvet Code means the Code set out in the Schedule to the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code Act 1994 of the Commonwealth.

appropriate government agency means:

                     (a)  a Department of State of the Commonwealth, and a Commonwealth authority, that is prescribed for the purposes of this paragraph; or

                     (b)  the CEO of the National Health and Medical Research Council; or

                    (ba)  the Gene Technology Regulator; or

                     (c)  the Department of State of each State and Territory that is primarily responsible for public health in that State or Territory; or

                     (d)  a State or Territory authority that is prescribed for the purposes of this paragraph; or

                     (e)  a Department of State of New Zealand that is nominated by the government of New Zealand; or

                      (f)  the Department of State of New Zealand that is primarily responsible for public health; or

                     (g)  a New Zealand authority that is prescribed for the purposes of this paragraph.

APVMA means the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority continued in existence by section 6 of the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals (Administration) Act 1992.

Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code means the code published under the name Food Standards Code in the Gazette on 27 August 1987 together with any amendments of the standards in that code:

                     (a)  approved by a former Council before this Act commenced and published in the Gazette as forming part of that code; or

                     (b)  made under this Act.

Australia New Zealand Joint Food Standards Agreement means the Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of New Zealand Establishing a System for the Development of Joint Food Standards, signed at Wellington on 5 December 1995, as amended in accordance with Article 10 of that Agreement.

Authority means Food Standards Australia New Zealand.

Board means the Board of the Authority.

business day means a day that is not:

                     (a)  a Saturday; or

                     (b)  a Sunday; or

                     (c)  a public holiday in the Australian Capital Territory or in Wellington, New Zealand.

Chief Officer means:

                     (a)  in relation to a Commonwealth, State, Territory or New Zealand authority—the person who has the responsibility of Executive Officer or Chief Executive Officer of that authority (whether the person is a member of that authority or not); and

                     (b)  in relation to any other authority or body—the person who has the responsibility for the day to day management of that authority or body.

code of practice means a code of practice developed by the Authority under Part 3. However, a code of practice is not a standard.

Commonwealth authority means a body, whether corporate or not, established by the Commonwealth, or by or under a law of the Commonwealth.

confidential commercial information, in relation to food, means:

                     (a)  a trade secret relating to food; or

                     (b)  any other information relating to food that has a commercial value that would be, or could reasonably be expected to be, destroyed or diminished if the information were disclosed.

Council means the Australia and New Zealand Food Regulation Ministerial Council that was established by the Food Regulation Agreement.

develop, in relation to a food regulatory measure or a variation of a food regulatory measure, includes:

                     (a)  prepare a draft of the measure or variation; and

                     (b)  approve a draft of the measure or variation.

exclusive capturable commercial benefit has the meaning given by section 8.

food has the meaning given by section 5.

Food Regulation Agreement means the Food Regulation Agreement, as amended from time to time:

                     (a)  that is between the Commonwealth, the States, the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory; and

                     (b)  that was first made on 3 November 2000 or that was made:

                              (i)  in substitution for that agreement; or

                             (ii)  in substitution for a prior substituted agreement.

Food Regulation Standing Committee means the Committee established under the Food Regulation Agreement.

food regulatory measure means a standard or a code of practice.

former Council means:

                     (a)  the Council of Commonwealth, State and Territory Ministers that was established in 1986 by agreement between the Commonwealth, the States and the Northern Territory and is known as the National Food Standards Council; or

                     (b)  if that Council was reconstituted but continued in existence under that name by agreement between the Commonwealth, the States, the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory, whether entered into before or after this Act commences—that Council as so reconstituted and continued in existence; or

                     (c)  if that Council was reconstituted but continued in existence under the name Australia New Zealand Food Standards Council by agreement between the Commonwealth, the States, the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory—that Council as so reconstituted and continued in existence.

general procedure means:

                     (a)  in relation to the consideration of an application—the procedure set out in Subdivision D of Division 1 of Part 3; and

                     (b)  in relation to the consideration of a proposal—the procedure set out in Subdivision D of Division 2 of Part 3.

Gene Technology Regulator has the same meaning as in the Gene Technology Act 2000.

GMO has the same meaning as in the Gene Technology Act 2000.

GM product has the same meaning as in the Gene Technology Act 2000.

Maximum Residue Limits Standard means the Maximum Residue Limits Standard as in force from time to time, or any standard in force in substitution for that standard.

member means a member of the Board and includes the Chairperson and the Chief Executive Officer.

New Zealand authority means a body (whether corporate or not) established by New Zealand, or by or under a law of New Zealand.

New Zealand lead Minister on the Council means the Minister of the government of New Zealand who is:

                     (a)  a member of the Council; and

                     (b)  nominated by the government of New Zealand to be the New Zealand lead Minister on the Council.

policy guideline means a guideline formulated by the Council for the purposes of paragraph 18(2)(e).

prepare includes process, manufacture and treat.

produce includes prepare.

public notice has the meaning given by section 7.

standard means:

                    (aa)  a standard made under this Act after the commencement of Part 1 of Schedule 1 to the Australia New Zealand Food Authority Amendment Act 2001; or

                     (a)  a standard that has been adopted, or taken to have been adopted, by a former Council under this Act before the commencement of Part 1 of Schedule 1 to the Australia New Zealand Food Authority Amendment Act 2001; or

                     (b)  a standard that is included in the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code.

However, neither of the following is taken to be part of a standard:

                     (c)  text identified as an editorial note;

                     (d)  text identified as an example.

State or Territory authority means a body, whether corporate or not, established by a State or Territory, or by or under a law of a State or Territory.

Territory means the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory.

trust money means money received or held by the Authority on trust.

             (3)  A reference in the definition of Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code in subsection (1) to the amendment of the standards in that code includes, and is taken always to have included, a reference to an amendment by way of the insertion, revocation or substitution of a standard in that code.

             (4)  A reference in this Act to the variation of a food regulatory measure includes, and is taken always to have included, a reference to the revocation of a food regulatory measure.

5  Meaning of food

             (1)  Food includes:

                     (a)  any substance or thing of a kind used, capable of being used, or represented as being for use, for human consumption (whether it is live, raw, prepared or partly prepared); and

                     (b)  any substance or thing of a kind used, capable of being used, or represented as being for use, as an ingredient or additive in a substance or thing referred to in paragraph (a); and

                     (c)  any substance used in preparing a substance or thing referred to in paragraph (a); and

                     (d)  chewing gum or an ingredient or additive in chewing gum, or any substance used in preparing chewing gum; and

                     (e)  any substance or thing declared to be a food under a declaration in force under section 6.

(It does not matter whether the substance, thing or chewing gum is in a condition fit for human consumption.)

             (2)  However, food does not include a therapeutic good within the meaning of the Therapeutic Goods Act 1989.

             (3)  To avoid doubt, food may include live animals and plants.

6  Declaration of what is food

             (1)  After consulting the Authority, the Minister may, by legislative instrument, declare that a substance or thing is food for the purposes of this Act.

             (2)  The Minister must cause a copy of the declaration to be published in the New Zealand Gazette.

             (3)  A declaration takes effect on the day specified in the declaration. That day must not be a day before the declaration is published.

Declaration not subject to disallowance or sunsetting

             (4)  Section 42 and Part 6 of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003 do not apply to the declaration.

7  How is public notice given?

                   The Authority satisfies a requirement under this Act to give public notice of a particular matter by:

                     (a)  publishing notice of the matter on the Authority’s Internet site; and

                     (b)  giving written notice of the matter to each appropriate government agency; and

                     (c)  if the requirement to give notice arises in the course of considering an application to develop or vary a food regulatory measure—giving written notice of the matter to the applicant; and

                     (d)  if the Authority has called for submissions in the course of considering an application or proposal for the development or variation of a food regulatory measure—giving written notice of the matter to each of the persons invited to make a submission who made a submission within the relevant submission period; and

                     (e)  giving written notice to any other person or body whom the Authority considers appropriate.

8  When is an exclusive capturable commercial benefit conferred on an applicant?

                   An exclusive capturable commercial benefit is conferred upon a person who applies for the development of a food regulatory measure or the variation of a food regulatory measure under section 22 if:

                     (a)  the applicant can be identified as a person or body that may derive a financial gain from the coming into effect of the draft standard or draft variation of the standard that would be prepared in relation to the application; and

                     (b)  any other unrelated persons or bodies, including unrelated commercial entities, would require the agreement of the applicant in order to benefit financially from the approval of the application.

9  Operation of Act

             (1)  Without prejudice to its effect apart from this section, this Act has effect for any or all of the following purposes:

                     (a)  for purposes connected with fixing:

                              (i)  the standard of food sold by corporations; or

                             (ii)  standards in relation to activities undertaken by corporations in respect of food before, or in connection with, its sale, where, in the case of trading corporations, those activities are undertaken for the purpose of the trading activities of the corporations;

                     (b)  for the purpose of ensuring, to the extent that the Constitution permits, that trade and commerce in food:

                              (i)  between Australia and places outside Australia; or

                             (ii)  among the States;

                             is carried on in an efficient and profitable manner;

                     (c)  for purposes connected with the regulation of food and food standards in the Territories;

                     (d)  for purposes connected with controlling the standards of all food supplied to the Commonwealth, its authorities and its instrumentalities;

                     (e)  for purposes connected with the fixing of weights and measures in respect of food.

             (2)  In subsection (1):

corporation means any corporation to which paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution is applicable.

trading corporation means a trading corporation to which paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution is applicable.

10  Act to bind Crown

                   This Act binds the Crown in right of the Commonwealth, of each of the States, of the Australian Capital Territory and of the Northern Territory but nothing in this Act renders the Crown liable to be prosecuted for an offence.

11  Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code applies to all offences against this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.


 

Part 2The Authority

Division 1Establishment, functions and powers of the Authority

12  Establishment of Authority

             (1)  The body known immediately before the commencement of this subsection as the Australia New Zealand Food Authority is continued in existence as Food Standards Australia New Zealand.

Note:          See also section 25B of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

             (2)  The Authority:

                     (a)  is a body corporate with perpetual succession; and

                     (b)  must have a seal; and

                     (c)  may sue and be sued in its corporate name.

Note:          The Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act 1997 applies to the Authority. That Act deals with matters relating to Commonwealth authorities, including reporting and accountability, banking and investment, and conduct of officers.

             (3)  All courts, judges and persons acting judicially must take judicial notice of the imprint of the seal of the Authority appearing on a document and are to presume that the document was duly sealed.

13  Functions

             (1)  The functions of the Authority are:

                     (a)  in accordance with this Act, to develop standards and variations of standards, and to review standards and variations of standards; and

                     (b)  in accordance with this Act, to develop codes of practice and variations of codes of practice for industry and to review codes of practice; and

                     (c)  to develop guidelines to assist the interpretation of the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code on its own initiative or in consultation with the States, the Territories and any other body or person that the Authority considers appropriate; and

                     (d)  to promote consistency between standards in Australia and New Zealand with those used internationally, based on the best available scientific evidence; and

                     (e)  in consultation with the States and Territories, or on its own initiative, to facilitate the harmonisation of State and Territory laws relating to food; and

                      (f)  in consultation with the States and Territories, or on its own initiative, to co‑ordinate the development of procedures required to implement requirements set out in standards; and

                     (g)  in consultation with the States and Territories, to co‑ordinate the monitoring, surveillance and enforcement of activities relating to food available in Australia; and

                     (h)  in consultation with the States and Territories, or on its own initiative, to conduct research and surveys in relation to any of the matters that may be included in a standard; and

                      (i)  in co‑operation with the States and Territories, to develop food education initiatives, including the publication of information to increase public awareness of food standards and food labels; and

                     (ia)  to provide information, on request by a member of the public, about the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code; and

                      (j)  in co‑operation with the Department administering Division 1A of Part V of the Trade Practices Act 1974, to co‑ordinate the recall of food under that Division; and

                     (k)  at the request of the States and Territories, to co‑ordinate action by the States and Territories to recall food under State and Territory laws; and

                      (l)  to develop assessment policies in relation to food imported into Australia; and

                    (m)  to provide advice to the Minister on matters relating to food; and

                     (n)  to participate in international, regional and bilateral negotiations on matters that may be included in standards; and

                     (o)  to make the Authority’s knowledge, expertise, equipment, facilities and intellectual property available to other persons on a commercial basis; and

                     (p)  at the request of New Zealand, to perform functions for New Zealand similar to the functions that the Authority may perform in relation to the States and Territories; and

                     (q)  at the request of New Zealand, to perform functions for New Zealand similar to the other functions that the Authority may perform; and

                    (qa)  such other functions as are conferred on the Authority by this Act; and

                      (r)  any functions incidental to any of the foregoing functions.

             (2)  The function conferred by paragraph (1)(o):

                     (a)  can only be exercised:

                              (i)  for a purpose for which the Parliament has power to make laws; or

                             (ii)  to utilise the Authority’s spare capacity; and

                     (b)  does not authorise the Authority to do something that would impede the Authority’s capacity to perform its other functions.

14  Powers

             (1)  The Authority has power to do all things necessary or convenient to be done in connection with the performance of its functions and, in particular, may:

                     (a)  enter into contracts; and

                     (b)  acquire, hold and dispose of real or personal property; and

                     (c)  occupy, use and control any land or building owned, or held under lease, by the Commonwealth and made available for the purposes of the Authority; and

                     (d)  engage persons to perform services for the Authority; and

                     (e)  provide assistance to bodies or persons to prepare submissions:

                              (i)  relating to the development or consideration of draft food regulatory measures or draft variations of food regulatory measures; or

                             (ii)  relating to the performance of any other function of the Authority;

                            if the Authority determines that such assistance will advance the development or consideration of that draft or the performance of that other function; and

                      (f)  accept gifts, grants, bequests and advances made to the Authority (whether on trust or otherwise) and act as trustee of money or other property vested in the Authority on trust; and

                    (fa)  form, or participate in the formation of, companies; and

                    (fb)  subscribe for or purchase shares in, or debentures and other securities of, companies; and

                    (fc)  participate in partnerships, trusts and unincorporated joint ventures; and

                     (g)  do anything incidental to any of its powers.

             (2)  The powers of the Authority may be exercised within or outside Australia.

15  Minister may give directions

             (1)  Subject to subsection (3), the Minister may give written directions to the Authority as to the performance of its functions and the exercise of its powers and the Authority must comply with those directions.

             (2)  The Minister must cause:

                     (a)  a copy of a direction given under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  a written statement of the reasons for giving the direction;

to be laid before each House of the Parliament within 15 sitting days of that House after the direction is given.

             (3)  The Minister must consult with the Council before he or she gives a direction under subsection (1).

             (4)  This section does not affect the application of section 28 of the Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act 1997 in relation to the Authority.

             (5)  A direction given under subsection (1) is not a legislative instrument.


 

Division 2Food regulatory measures

16  Matters that may be included in standards and variations of standards

             (1)  Standards, and variations of standards, developed by the Authority may relate to any of the following:

                     (a)  the composition of food, including:

                              (i)  the maximum amounts of contaminants or residues that may be present in the food; and

                            (ia)  the maximum or minimum amounts of additives that must or may be present in the food; and

                             (ii)  its microbiological status and safety; and

                            (iii)  the method of sampling and testing the food to determine its composition;

                     (b)  the production of food;

                     (c)  the handling of food;

                    (ca)  the prohibition of the sale of food:

                              (i)  either in all circumstances or in specified circumstances; and

                             (ii)  either unconditionally or subject to specified conditions;

                     (d)  any information about food including labelling, promotion and advertising;

                     (e)  the knowledge, skill, health and hygiene requirements for people handling food;

                      (f)  the responsibilities of businesses that are handling food relating to any hygiene requirements in force under paragraph (e) for people involved in the business who are handling food;

                     (g)  the responsibilities of businesses that are handling food to ensure that information in connection with hygiene requirements in force under paragraph (e) that is provided by individuals involved in the business and who are handling food remains confidential except in specified circumstances;

                     (h)  the use of devices of a particular standard to measure the temperature of food;

                      (i)  the design, construction, maintenance and cleanliness of:

                              (i)  premises (including fittings and fixtures) at which food is handled; or

                             (ii)  equipment (including single use items) used to handle food; or

                            (iii)  vehicles used to transport food;

                      (j)  the information that a business that handles food may be required to give about the business to State or Territory authorities;

                     (k)  restrictions on the premises at which, and the persons by whom, particular food may be sold or otherwise supplied;

                      (l)  restrictions on the publications that may contain advertisements for particular food;

                    (m)  requirements relating to animals and pests at premises in which food is handled, or in vehicles in which food is transported;

                     (n)  the interpretation of other standards;

                     (o)  the application of standards;

                     (p)  such other public health matters relating to food as are prescribed.

             (2)  Without limiting subsection (1), a standard may relate to:

                     (a)  a class of food generally; or

                     (b)  a particular brand of food.

          (2A)  To avoid doubt, subparagraphs (1)(ca)(i) and (ii) do not, by implication, limit any other paragraph of subsection (1).

          (2B)  The matters to which standards, and variations of standards, may relate, are taken always to have included the matter mentioned in paragraph (1)(ca).

          (2C)  To avoid doubt, paragraph (2)(a), as in force before the commencement of this subsection, is taken always to have had effect as if the reference in that paragraph to type were a reference to class.

             (3)  In this section:

handle, in relation to food, includes produce, collect, receive, store, serve, display, package, transport, dispose of or recall food.

Note:          See also the definitions of produce and prepare in subsection 4(1).

17  Codes of practice

                   Codes of practice, and variations of codes of practice, may deal only with matters that may be included in standards.

18  Objectives of the Authority in developing or reviewing food regulatory measures and variations of food regulatory measures

             (1)  The objectives (in descending priority order) of the Authority in developing or reviewing food regulatory measures and variations of food regulatory measures are:

                     (a)  the protection of public health and safety; and

                     (b)  the provision of adequate information relating to food to enable consumers to make informed choices; and

                     (c)  the prevention of misleading or deceptive conduct.

             (2)  In developing or reviewing food regulatory measures and variations of food regulatory measures, the Authority must also have regard to the following:

                     (a)  the need for standards to be based on risk analysis using the best available scientific evidence;

                     (b)  the promotion of consistency between domestic and international food standards;

                     (c)  the desirability of an efficient and internationally competitive food industry;

                     (d)  the promotion of fair trading in food;

                     (e)  any written policy guidelines formulated by the Council for the purposes of this paragraph and notified to the Authority.

             (3)  If any policy guidelines formulated by the Council for the purposes of paragraph (2)(e) are notified to the Authority, the Authority must publish the guidelines on the Authority’s Internet site.

          (3A)  Policy guidelines formulated by the Council for the purposes of paragraph (2)(e) must not be inconsistent with the objectives set out in subsection (1).

             (4)  Where the Authority considers that the best available scientific evidence referred to in paragraph (2)(a) is insufficient, the Authority may provisionally adopt sanitary or phytosanitary measures on the basis of available pertinent scientific information. In such cases, the Authority must take all reasonable steps to obtain the information necessary for a more objective risk analysis and a review of the sanitary or phytosanitary measures, to be undertaken within a reasonable period of time.

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, a sanitary or phytosanitary measure means any measure applied:

                     (a)  to protect animal or plant life or health from risks arising from the entry, establishment or spread of pests, diseases, disease‑carrying organisms or disease‑causing organisms; or

                     (b)  to protect human or animal life or health from risks arising from additives, contaminants, toxins or disease‑causing organisms in foods, beverages or feedstuffs; or

                     (c)  to protect human life or health from risks arising from diseases carried by animals, plants or products thereof, or from the entry, establishment or spread of pests; or

                     (d)  to prevent or limit other damage from the entry, establishment or spread of pests;

and includes:

                     (e)  any relevant law, decree, regulation, requirement or procedure, including end product criteria; and

                      (f)  processes and production methods; and

                     (g)  testing, inspection, certification and approval procedures; and

                     (h)  quarantine treatments including relevant requirements associated with the transport of animals or plants, or with the materials necessary for their survival during transport; and

                      (i)  provisions on relevant statistical methods, sampling procedures and methods of risk assessment; and

                      (j)  packaging and labelling requirements directly related to food safety.

             (6)  A policy guideline formulated by the Council for the purposes of paragraph (2)(e) is not a legislative instrument.

19  Notices to be given to the Gene Technology Regulator

                   If a provision of this Act requires the Authority to give a notice concerning an existing or proposed food regulatory measure to the Gene Technology Regulator, the Authority is only required to give the notice if the food regulatory measure relates to food that is or contains a GMO or a GM product.


 

Division 3Forward planning

20  Authority to develop three year plan

             (1)  Not later than 30 June in each year, the Authority must develop and publish a three year forward plan for applications, proposals and types of applications and proposals on which it intends to develop standards or variations to standards.

             (2)  In developing a three year forward plan, the Authority must consult interested persons.

             (3)  The Authority must review and update the plan at least every 3 months.


 

Part 3Food regulatory measures

Division 1Applications for the development or variation of food regulatory measures

Subdivision AOverview

21  Steps in the consideration of an application

                   The following is a simplified outline of the procedure for considering an application for the development of a food regulatory measure, or the variation of a food regulatory measure, other than a high level health claims variation.

Step 1.   An application is made.

Step 2.   The Authority decides whether to accept or reject the application. If the application is accepted, the Authority proceeds to step 3.

Step 3.   The Authority notifies the applicant of acceptance.

Step 4.   The Authority gives public notice of the application, indicating when the Authority proposes to undertake key steps in considering it.

Step 5.   The Authority assesses the application.

              The Authority may, after assessing the application, either reject it or proceed to the next step.

              If the application is for a new food regulatory measure or a major variation of a food regulatory measure, the next step is step 6.

              In any other case, it is step 7.

Step 6.   The Authority calls for public submissions.

Step 7.   The Authority prepares a draft food regulatory measure or a draft variation of a food regulatory measure, as the case requires. If the Authority has called for submissions under step 6, the Authority must have regard to the submissions in doing so.

Step 8.   If the application is for a minor variation, the Authority calls for submissions from the applicant and appropriate government agencies.

              In any other case, the Authority calls for public submissions.

Step 9.   If the draft is a draft standard or a draft variation of a standard, the Authority must decide whether to approve or reject it and prepare a report, having regard to any submissions made. If approved, the Authority notifies the Council and the public of the approval and proceeds to step 10.

              If the draft is a draft code of practice or a draft variation of a code of practice, the Authority must revoke or vary any existing code or practice and give public notice of its decision. No further steps are taken in relation to measures of this kind.

Step 10. The standard or variation comes into effect after it has been considered by the Council and published.

Subdivision BApplications

22  Applications

             (1)  A body or person may apply to the Authority for the development of a food regulatory measure or the variation of a food regulatory measure.

             (2)  The application must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  if the form in which the application is to be made is specified in guidelines made under section 23—be in the form specified; and

                     (c)  include all of the information that, under guidelines made under section 23, is to be included with the application; and

                     (d)  include each thing that, under guidelines made under section 23, is to be included with the application; and

                     (e)  identify the procedure that, in the applicant’s view, applies to the consideration of the application.

23  Application guidelines

Authority may make guidelines

             (1)  The Authority may, by legislative instrument, make guidelines:

                     (a)  specifying the form in which applications for the development of a food regulatory measure, or the variation of a food regulatory measure, are to be made; and

                     (b)  specifying the information, or the kinds of information, to be included with such applications; and

                     (c)  specifying any thing, or kind of thing, to be included with such applications.

             (2)  The Authority may only specify information, or kinds of information, under paragraph (1)(b) in relation to an application if the inclusion of that information, or information of those kinds:

                     (a)  would enable the Authority to assess the application and develop the relevant food regulatory measure, or the relevant variation of a food regulatory measure; or

                     (b)  would enable the Authority to determine whether a charge fixed under section 146 is payable to the Authority in relation to the application.

             (3)  The Authority may only specify a thing, or a kind of thing, under paragraph (1)(c) in relation to an application, if the inclusion of that thing, or things of those kinds, would enable the Authority to assess the application and develop the relevant food regulatory measure, or the relevant variation of a food regulatory measure.

Guidelines not subject to disallowance or sunsetting

             (4)  Section 42 and Part 6 of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003 do not apply to guidelines made under subsection (1).

24  Withdrawal of applications

             (1)  An applicant may withdraw the applicant’s application by giving written notice of the withdrawal to the Authority at any time after the Authority has accepted the application under paragraph 26(1)(a), but before:

                     (a)  the Authority approves a draft food regulatory measure, or a draft variation of a food regulatory measure, as a result of the application; or

                     (b)  the Authority notifies the applicant that the Authority has rejected the application.

             (2)  If the Authority receives notice of the withdrawal of an application after the applicant pays a charge fixed under section 146, the Authority must refund to the applicant so much of the charge as is equivalent to the sum paid by the applicant but not expended from the charge, calculated in accordance with the regulations.

             (3)  If the Authority receives notice of the withdrawal of an application after public notice of the application has been given under section 28, the Authority must give public notice that the application has been withdrawn.

Subdivision CProcedures for considering applications

25  Which procedure is appropriate?

                   The Authority must adopt the general procedure in considering an application for the development of a food regulatory measure or the variation of a food regulatory measure, unless:

                     (a)  the application is one to which Subdivision E applies (application for a minor variation of a food regulatory measure); or

                     (b)  the application is one to which Subdivision F applies (application for the development of a new food regulatory measure or a major variation of a food regulatory measure); or

                     (d)  the application is declared to be an urgent application for the purposes of this Part under section 95.

Subdivision DGeneral procedure

26  Accepting an application

             (1)  The Authority must, within 15 business days after an application is given to the Authority:

                     (a)  accept the application; or

                     (b)  reject the application.

             (2)  In determining whether to accept or reject the application, the Authority must have regard to the following matters:

                     (a)  whether the application complies with subsection 22(2);

                     (b)  whether the application relates to a matter that may be developed as a food regulatory measure, or that warrants the variation of a food regulatory measure;

                     (c)  whether the application is so similar to a previous application or proposal for the development or variation of a food regulatory measure that it ought to be rejected;

                     (d)  any other relevant matter.

             (3)  If an application is rejected because it does not comply with subsection 22(2), the application must be disregarded for the purposes of determining whether a later application or proposal for the development or variation of a food regulatory measure is so similar to a previous application that the later application or proposal ought to be rejected.

27  Notice of acceptance

                   If the Authority accepts an application, the Authority must notify the applicant immediately in writing:

                     (a)  that the application has been accepted; and

                     (b)  of the procedure the Authority will adopt in considering the application; and

                     (c)  in the case of an applicant who has applied for the development or variation of a standard and on whom an exclusive capturable commercial benefit would be conferred if the standard were made or varied in the manner sought in the application:

                              (i)  that the applicant must pay the charge fixed under subparagraph 146(6)(b)(i) or, if the charge is payable in instalments, the first instalment of the charge, within 20 business days after the notification is given; and

                             (ii)  that the application will be rejected if the charge, or the first instalment of the charge, is not paid within that period; and

                     (d)  in any other case—that the applicant may, if the applicant elects to have the consideration of the application expedited, pay the charge fixed under subparagraph 146(6)(b)(ii) or, if the charge is payable in instalments, the first instalment of the charge.

28  Public notice of the application

             (1)  If the Authority accepts an application, the Authority must also give public notice of the matters mentioned in subsection (2).

Content of notice

             (2)  The notice must:

                     (a)  state that the Authority has received an application for the development of a food regulatory measure or the variation of a food regulatory measure, as the case requires; and

                     (b)  state the date on which the application was received by the Authority; and

                     (c)  state the name of the applicant; and

                     (d)  give a summary of the application; and

                     (e)  state that the Authority has accepted the application; and

                      (f)  identify the procedure that the Authority will adopt in considering the application; and

                     (g)  indicate when the Authority proposes to undertake the key steps in that procedure; and

                     (h)  state how to obtain further information about the application.

Period within which notice must be given

             (3)  The notice must be given:

                     (a)  if the applicant pays a charge, or the first instalment of a charge, mentioned in subparagraph 27(c)(i) within the period mentioned in that paragraph—within 5 business days after that payment; or

                     (b)  if the applicant pays a charge, or the first instalment of a charge, mentioned in paragraph 27(d) within 20 business days after notice is given to the applicant under section 27 (the early payment period)—within 5 business days after that payment; or

                     (c)  in any other case—within 25 business days after notice is given to the applicant under section 27.

Exclusive capturable commercial benefit—fee not paid

             (4)  If an applicant:

                     (a)  who applies for the development or variation of a standard; and

                     (b)  on whom an exclusive capturable commercial benefit would be conferred if the standard were made or varied in the manner sought in the application;

does not pay the charge, or the first instalment of the charge, mentioned in subparagraph 27(c)(i) within the period mentioned in that subparagraph:

                     (c)  the Authority must reject the application; and

                     (d)  the Authority need not give notice under this section.

Fee to expedite consideration paid after early payment period

             (5)  If an applicant pays a charge, or the first instalment of a charge, mentioned in paragraph 27(d) after the end of the early payment period, the Authority must, within 5 business days after that payment, again give public notice of the matters mentioned in subsection (2), including an update on when the Authority now proposes to undertake the key steps in the procedure.

29  Assessing the application

             (1)  If the Authority accepts an application, the Authority must assess the application.

             (2)  In assessing the application, the Authority must have regard to the following matters:

                     (a)  whether costs that would arise from a food regulatory measure developed or varied as a result of the application outweigh the direct and indirect benefits to the community, Government or industry that would arise from the development or variation of the food regulatory measure;

                     (b)  whether other measures (available to the Authority or not) would be more cost‑effective than a food regulatory measure developed or varied as a result of the application;

                     (c)  any relevant New Zealand standards;

                     (d)  any other relevant matters.

Note:          See also section 18, which sets out the objectives of the Authority in developing food regulatory measures and variations of those measures.

30  Preparing a draft variation

             (1)  After assessing an application, the Authority must:

                     (a)  prepare in writing a draft food regulatory measure or a draft variation of a food regulatory measure; or

                     (b)  reject the application.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the Authority prepares a draft food regulatory measure or a draft variation of a food regulatory measure as a result of an application; and

                     (b)  the draft measure or draft variation differs from that sought in the application, or was not sought in the application at all;

the Authority must give the applicant notice in writing of that fact and state in the notice that the Authority will call for submissions for the purpose of assessing the draft measure or draft variation.

             (3)  The Authority must not give public notice under section 31 within 10 business days immediately after notice is given to the applicant under subsection (2) of this section.

31  Calling for submissions

             (1)  After preparing a draft food regulatory measure or a draft variation of a food regulatory measure as a result of an application, the Authority must give public notice of the matters mentioned in subsection (2).

             (2)  The notice must:

                     (a)  state that the Authority has prepared a draft food regulatory measure or a draft variation of a food regulatory measure, as the case requires; and

                     (b)  include:

                              (i)  a copy of the draft food regulatory measure or draft variation; and

                             (ii)  a summary of the results of the Authority’s assessment of the application;

                            or state how a copy of those documents can be obtained; and

                     (c)  call for written submissions, for the purpose of the Authority’s consideration of the draft measure or draft variation, to be given to the Authority within the period specified in the notice (the submission period).

32  Alternative steps to be followed

             (1)  If an application results in the development or variation of a standard, the Authority must follow the steps set out in sections 33 and 34.

             (2)  However, if an application results in the development or variation of a code of practice, the Authority must follow the steps set out in section 35.

33  Approving the draft standard or draft variation

             (1)  After the submission period, the Authority must:

                     (a)  do one of the following:

                              (i)  approve the draft standard or draft variation;

                             (ii)  approve the draft standard or draft variation subject to such amendments as the Authority considers necessary;

                            (iii)  reject the draft standard or draft variation; and

                     (b)  prepare a report under this section.

Note:          The Board must not delegate its powers to act on behalf of the Authority under paragraph (a)—see section 150.

             (2)  The Authority must have regard to all submissions made during the submission period in making a decision under subsection (1).

             (3)  The report must include each of the following:

                     (a)  the reasons for initially accepting the application;

                     (b)  a summary of the results of the Authority’s assessment of the application;

                     (c)  a summary of the submissions received by the Authority in relation to the draft standard or draft variation;

                     (d)  the Authority’s response to the issues raised in those submissions;

                     (e)  whether the draft standard or draft variation was amended after submissions were made and, if so, the reasons for those amendments;

                      (f)  the Authority’s reasons for approving or rejecting the draft standard or draft variation;

                     (g)  a copy of the draft standard or draft variation on which submissions were received;

                     (h)  if the draft standard or draft variation was amended after submissions were made—a copy of the draft standard or draft variation as amended;

                      (i)  a Regulation Impact Statement.

34  Notifying the Council

             (1)  If the Authority approves a draft standard or a draft variation of a standard, the Authority must, within 10 business days after the approval:

                     (a)  give the Council:

                              (i)  a written notification of the approval; and

                             (ii)  a copy of the report prepared by the Authority under section 33; and

                     (b)  give public notice of the approval, together with information about where further information about the draft standard or draft variation may be obtained; and

                     (c)  publish in a generally circulating newspaper, in each State or Territory and in New Zealand, a notice:

                              (i)  stating that the draft standard or draft variation has been approved; and

                             (ii)  stating that the Council has been notified that the draft standard or draft variation has been approved; and

                            (iii)  stating that the Council may request the Authority to review the draft standard or draft variation under Division 3; and

                            (iv)  stating where further information about the draft standard or draft variation may be obtained.

             (2)  If the Authority has notified the Council under subsection (1), the Council may direct the Authority to give the Council such information as the Council reasonably requires for the purpose of assisting the Council to make a decision about the draft under Division 3.

Note:          The process followed by the Council after receiving notification under this section is set out in Division 3.

35  Alternative to steps set out in sections 33 and 34—approving the draft code of practice or draft variation

             (1)  After the submission period, the Authority must:

                     (a)  approve the draft code of practice or draft variation; or

                     (b)  reject the draft code of practice or draft variation.

Note:          The Board must not delegate its powers to act on behalf of the Authority under this subsection—see section 150.

             (2)  If another code of practice would be superseded, in whole or in part, by the Authority’s decision under subsection (1), the Authority must:

                     (a)  revoke the other code of practice (if it would be wholly superseded); or

                     (b)  vary the other code of practice (if it would be partly superseded).

             (3)  The Authority must give public notice of its decision.

             (4)  The notice must:

                     (a)  specify the date of effect of the decision; and

                     (b)  state how to obtain further information about the decision and the reasons for it.

             (5)  The Authority must also give written notice of its decision to the Council.

Subdivision EModification of general procedure for minor variations

36  Application of Subdivision

                   This Subdivision applies to an application for the variation of a food regulatory measure that, if made, would not directly or indirectly:

                     (a)  impose, vary or remove an obligation on any person; or

                     (b)  create, vary or remove a right of any person; or

                     (c)  otherwise alter the legal effect of the measure.

Note:          For example, a variation would fall within this class if its only effect would be:

(a)    to correct a typographical error; or

(b)    to update a reference to another document; or

(c)    to change a cross‑reference within a food regulatory measure; or

(d)    to omit provisions of a food regulatory measure that have ceased to have effect.

37  Adopt the general procedure with the modifications set out in this Subdivision

                   The Authority must adopt the general procedure in considering the application, with the modifications set out in this Subdivision.

38  Modification of step set out in section 29

                   Paragraphs 29(2)(a) and (b) do not apply.

Note:          Paragraphs 29(2)(a) and (b) require the Authority to do a cost benefit analysis. This is unnecessary given the minor nature of the variation.

39  Modification of step set out in section 30

                   Subsections 30(2) and (3) do not apply.

Note:          Subsections 30(2) and (3) deal with the case where the draft variation differs from that sought in the application, or was not sought at all.

40  Modification of step set out in section 31

             (1)  Section 31 does not apply.

             (2)  However, after preparing a draft variation of the food regulatory measure as a result of an application, the Authority must give written notice to the applicant and appropriate government agencies:

                     (a)  stating that the Authority has prepared a draft variation of a food regulatory measure; and

                     (b)  including:

                              (i)  a copy of the draft variation; and

                             (ii)  a summary of the results of the Authority’s assessment of the application;

                            or stating how a copy of those documents can be obtained; and

                     (c)  calling for written submissions, for the purpose of the Authority’s consideration of the draft variation, to be made to the Authority within the period specified in the notice (the submission period).

41  Modification of steps set out in sections 32, 33, 34 and 35

             (1)  Sections 32, 33, 34 and 35 do not apply.

             (2)  However, after the submission period, the Authority must:

                     (a)  do one of the following:

                              (i)  approve the draft variation;

                             (ii)  approve the draft variation subject to such amendments as the Authority considers necessary;

                            (iii)  reject the draft variation; and

                     (b)  prepare a report under this section.

Note:          The Board must not delegate its powers to act on behalf of the Authority under paragraph (a)—see section 150.

             (3)  The report must include each of the following:

                     (a)  the reasons for initially accepting the application;

                     (b)  a summary of the results of the Authority’s assessment of the application;

                     (c)  the Authority’s reasons for approving or rejecting the draft variation;

                     (d)  a copy of the draft variation.

             (4)  If the draft variation is of a standard and the Authority approves the draft variation, the Authority must, within 10 business days after the approval:

                     (a)  give the Council:

                              (i)  a written notification of the approval; and

                             (ii)  a copy of the report prepared by the Authority under this section; and

                     (b)  give public notice of the approval, together with information about where further information about the draft variation may be obtained; and

                     (c)  publish in a generally circulating newspaper, in each State or Territory and in New Zealand, a notice:

                              (i)  stating that the draft variation has been approved; and

                             (ii)  stating that the Council has been notified that the draft variation has been approved; and

                            (iii)  stating that the Council may request the Authority to review the draft variation under Division 3; and

                            (iv)  stating where further information about the draft variation may be obtained.

             (5)  If the Authority has notified the Council under subsection (4), the Council may direct the Authority to give the Council such information as the Council reasonably requires for the purpose of assisting the Council to make a decision about the draft under Division 3.

Note:          The process followed by the Council after receiving notification under this section is set out in Division 3.

Subdivision FModification of general procedure for developing new food regulatory measures and major variations

42  Application of Subdivision

                   This Subdivision applies to:

                     (a)  an application for the development of a new food regulatory measure; and

                     (b)  an application for the variation of a food regulatory measure that:

                              (i)  involves such scientific or technical complexity that it is necessary to adopt this procedure in considering it; or

                             (ii)  involves such a significant change to the scope of the food regulatory measure that it is necessary to adopt this procedure in considering it.

43  Adopt the general procedure with the modifications set out in this Subdivision

                   The Authority must adopt the general procedure in considering the application, with the modifications set out in this Subdivision.

44  Additional step after step set out in section 29

             (1)  The Authority must, after assessing the application under section 29 but before undertaking the step set out in section 30, give public notice of the matters set out in subsection (2).

             (2)  The notice must:

                     (a)  state that the Authority has assessed the application; and

                     (b)  include a summary of the results of the Authority’s assessment of the application, or state how a copy of the summary can be obtained; and

                     (c)  call for written submissions on matters relevant to the application to be given to the Authority within the period specified in the notice (the submission period).

45  Matters to which Authority must have regard in making a decision under section 30

                   The Authority must have regard to all submissions made during the submission period in making a decision under section 30.

Note:          This does not limit the other matters to which the Authority must have regard in making a decision under section 30.


 

Division 2Proposals for the development or variation of food regulatory measures

Subdivision AOverview

54  Steps in the consideration of a proposal

                   The following is a simplified outline of the procedure for considering a proposal for the development of a food regulatory measure, or the variation of a food regulatory measure, other than a high level health claims variation.

Step 1.   A proposal is prepared.

Step 2.   As the Authority prepares the proposal, there is no equivalent to step 2 of the applications procedure in which the application is accepted or rejected.

Step 3.   As the Authority prepares the proposal, there is no equivalent to step 3 of the applications procedure in which the Authority notifies the applicant of acceptance.

Step 4.   The Authority gives public notice of the proposal, indicating when the Authority proposes to undertake key steps in considering it.

Step 5.   The Authority assesses the proposal.

              The Authority may, after assessing the proposal, either abandon it or proceed to the next step.

              If the proposal is for a new food regulatory measure or a major variation of a food regulatory measure, the next step is step 6.

              In any other case, it is step 7.

Step 6.   The Authority calls for public submissions.

Step 7.   The Authority prepares a draft food regulatory measure or a draft variation of a food regulatory measure, as the case requires. If the Authority has called for submissions under step 6, the Authority must have regard to the submissions in doing so.

Step 8.   If the proposal is for a minor variation, the Authority calls for submissions from the applicant and appropriate government agencies.

              In any other case, the Authority calls for public submissions.

Step 9.   If the draft is a draft standard or a draft variation of a standard, the Authority must decide whether to approve or reject it and prepare a report, having regard to any submissions made. If approved, the Authority notifies the Council and the public of the approval and proceeds to step 10.

              If the draft is a draft code of practice or a draft variation of a code of practice, the Authority must revoke or vary any existing code of practice and give public notice of its decision. No further steps are taken in relation to measures of this kind.

Step 10. The standard or variation comes into effect after it has been considered by the Council and published.

Subdivision BProposals

55  Proposals

             (1)  The Authority may, on its own initiative, prepare a proposal for the development or variation of a food regulatory measure.

             (2)  The proposal must be in writing.

56  Abandonment of proposals

             (1)  The Authority may abandon a proposal at any time.

             (2)  However, if the Authority abandons a proposal after public notice has been given under section 58, the Authority must give public notice of the matters mentioned in subsection (3).

             (3)  The notice must:

                     (a)  state that the Authority has decided to abandon the proposal; and

                     (b)  state how to obtain further information about the decision and the reasons for it.

Subdivision CProcedures for considering proposals

57  Which procedure is appropriate?

                   The Authority must adopt the general procedure in considering a proposal for the development of a food regulatory measure or the variation of a food regulatory measure, unless:

                     (a)  the proposal is one to which Subdivision E applies (proposal for a minor variation of a food regulatory measure); or

                     (b)  the proposal is one to which Subdivision F applies (proposal for the development of a new food regulatory measure, or a major variation of a food regulatory measure); or

                     (d)  the proposal is one to which Subdivision H applies (proposal for a variation of the Maximum Residue Limits Standard); or

                     (e)  the proposal is declared to be an urgent proposal for the purposes of this Part under section 95.

Subdivision DGeneral procedure

58  Public notice of a proposal

             (1)  If the Authority prepares a proposal, the Authority must give public notice of the matters mentioned in subsection (2).

             (2)  The notice must:

                     (a)  state that the Authority has prepared a proposal for the development or variation of a food regulatory measure, as the case requires; and

                     (b)  state the date on which the proposal was made; and

                     (c)  give a summary of the proposal; and

                     (d)  identify the procedure that the Authority will adopt in considering the proposal; and

                     (e)  indicate when the Authority proposes to undertake the key steps in that procedure; and

                      (f)  state how to obtain further information about the proposal.

59  Assessing a proposal

             (1)  If the Authority prepares a proposal, the Authority must assess the proposal.

             (2)  In assessing the proposal, the Authority must have regard to the following matters:

                     (a)  whether costs that would arise from a food regulatory measure developed or varied as a result of the proposal outweigh the direct and indirect benefits to the community, Government or industry that would arise from the development or variation of the food regulatory measure;

                     (b)  whether other measures (available to the Authority or not) would be more cost‑effective than a food regulatory measure developed or varied as a result of the proposal;

                     (c)  any relevant New Zealand standards;

                     (d)  any other relevant matters.

Note:          See also section 18, which sets out the objectives of the Authority in developing food regulatory measures and variations of those measures.

60  Preparing a draft food regulatory measure or draft variation

                   After assessing a proposal, the Authority must:

                     (a)  prepare in writing a draft food regulatory measure or a draft variation of a food regulatory measure; or

                     (b)  abandon the proposal.

61  Calling for submissions

             (1)  After preparing a draft food regulatory measure or a draft variation of a food regulatory measure as a result of a proposal, the Authority must give public notice of the matters mentioned in subsection (2).

             (2)  The notice must:

                     (a)  state that the Authority has prepared a draft food regulatory measure or a draft variation of a food regulatory measure, as the case requires; and

                     (b)  include:

                              (i)  a copy of the draft food regulatory measure or draft variation; and

                             (ii)  a summary of the results of the Authority’s assessment of the proposal;

                            or state how a copy of those documents can be obtained; and

                     (c)  call for written submissions, for the purpose of the Authority’s consideration of the draft measure or draft variation, to be given to the Authority within the period specified in the notice (the submission period).

62  Alternative steps to be followed

             (1)  If a proposal results in the development or variation of a standard, the Authority must follow the steps set out in sections 63 and 64.

             (2)  However, if a proposal results in the development or variation of a code of practice, the Authority must follow the step set out in section 65.

63  Approving the draft standard or draft variation

             (1)  After the submission period, the Authority must:

                     (a)  do one of the following:

                              (i)  approve the draft standard or draft variation;

                             (ii)  approve the draft standard or draft variation subject to such amendments as the Authority considers necessary;

                            (iii)  reject the draft standard or draft variation; and

                     (b)  prepare a report under this section.

Note:          The Board must not delegate its powers to act on behalf of the Authority under paragraph (a)—see section 150.

             (2)  The Authority must have regard to all submissions made during the submission period in making a decision under subsection (1).

             (3)  The report must include each of the following:

                     (a)  the reasons for initially preparing the proposal;

                     (b)  a summary of the results of the Authority’s assessment of the proposal;

                     (c)  a summary of the submissions received by the Authority in relation to the draft standard or draft variation;

                     (d)  the Authority’s response to the issues raised in those submissions;

                     (e)  whether the draft standard or draft variation was amended after submissions were made and, if so, the reasons for those amendments;

                      (f)  the Authority’s reasons for approving or rejecting the draft standard or draft variation;

                     (g)  a copy of the draft standard or draft variation on which submissions were received;

                     (h)  if the draft standard or draft variation was amended after submissions were made—a copy of the draft standard or draft variation as amended;

                      (i)  a Regulation Impact Statement.

64  Notifying the Council

             (1)  If the Authority approves a draft standard or a draft variation of a standard, the Authority must, within 10 business days after the approval:

                     (a)  give the Council:

                              (i)  a written notification of the approval; and

                             (ii)  a copy of the report prepared by the Authority under section 63; and

                     (b)  give public notice of the approval, together with information about where further information about the draft standard or draft variation may be obtained; and

                     (c)  publish in a generally circulating newspaper, in each State or Territory and in New Zealand, a notice:

                              (i)  stating that the draft standard or draft variation has been approved; and

                             (ii)  stating that the Council has been notified that the draft standard or draft variation has been approved; and

                            (iii)  stating that the Council may request the Authority to review the draft standard or draft variation under Division 3; and

                            (iv)  stating where further information about the draft standard or draft variation may be obtained.

             (2)  If the Authority has notified the Council under subsection (1), the Council may direct the Authority to give the Council such information as the Council reasonably requires for the purpose of assisting the Council to make a decision about the draft under Division 3.

Note:          The process followed by the Council after receiving notification under this section is set out in Division 3.

65  Alternative to steps set out in sections 63 and 64—approving the draft code of practice or draft variation

             (1)  After the submission period, the Authority must:

                     (a)  approve the draft code of practice or draft variation; or

                     (b)  reject the draft code of practice or draft variation.

Note:          The Board must not delegate its powers to act on behalf of the Authority under this subsection—see section 150.

             (2)  If another code of practice would be superseded, in whole or in part, by the Authority’s decision under subsection (1), the Authority must:

                     (a)  revoke the other code of practice (if it would be wholly superseded); or

                     (b)  vary the other code of practice (if it would be partly superseded).

             (3)  The Authority must give public notice of its decision.

             (4)  The notice must:

                     (a)  specify the date of effect of the decision; and

                     (b)  state how to obtain further information about the decision and the reasons for it.

             (5)  The Authority must also give written notice of its decision to the Council.

Subdivision EModification of general procedure for minor variations

66  Application of Subdivision

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), this Subdivision applies to a proposal for the variation of a food regulatory measure that, if made, would not directly or indirectly:

                     (a)  impose, vary or remove an obligation on a person; or

                     (b)  create, vary or remove a right of any person; or

                     (c)  otherwise alter the legal effect of the measure.

Note:          For example, a variation would fall within this class if its only effect would be:

(a)    to correct a typographical error; or

(b)    to update a reference to another document; or

(c)    to change a cross‑reference within a food regulatory measure; or

(d)    to omit provisions of a food regulatory measure that have ceased to have effect.

             (2)  This Subdivision does not apply to a proposal made in compliance with Subdivision H.

Note:          Subdivision H requires the Authority to propose a variation of the Maximum Residue Limits Standard if the APVMA notifies the Authority that it is considering the registration of a chemical product and the product is likely to be present in food at a level that is not already permitted under the Maximum Residue Limits Standard.

67  Adopt the general procedure with the modifications set out in this Subdivision

                   The Authority must adopt the general procedure in considering the proposal, with the modifications set out in this Subdivision.

68  Modification of step set out in section 61

             (1)  Section 61 does not apply.

             (2)  However, after preparing a draft variation of the food regulatory measure as a result of a proposal, the Authority must give written notice to appropriate government agencies:

                     (a)  stating that the Authority has prepared a draft variation of a food regulatory measure; and

                     (b)  including:

                              (i)  a copy of the draft variation; and

                             (ii)  a summary of the results of the Authority’s assessment of the proposal;

                            or stating how a copy of those documents can be obtained; and

                     (c)  calling for written submissions, for the purpose of the Authority’s consideration of the draft variation, to be made to the Authority within the period specified in the notice (the submission period).

69  Modification of steps set out in sections 62, 63, 64 and 65

             (1)  Sections 62, 63, 64 and 65 do not apply.

             (2)  However, after the submission period, the Authority must:

                     (a)  do one of the following:

                              (i)  approve the draft variation;

                             (ii)  approve the draft variation subject to such amendments as the Authority considers necessary;

                            (iii)  reject the draft variation; and

                     (b)  prepare a report under this section.

Note:          The Board must not delegate its powers to act on behalf of the Authority under paragraph (a)—see section 150.

             (3)  The report must include each of the following:

                     (a)  the reasons for initially preparing the proposal;

                     (b)  a summary of the results of the Authority’s assessment of the proposal;

                     (c)  the Authority’s reasons for approving or rejecting the draft variation;

                     (d)  a copy of the draft variation.

             (4)  If the draft variation is of a standard and the Authority approves the draft variation, the Authority must, within 10 business days after the approval:

                     (a)  give the Council:

                              (i)  a written notification of the approval; and

                             (ii)  a copy of the report prepared by the Authority under this section; and

                     (b)  give public notice of the approval, together with information about where further information about the draft variation may be obtained; and

                     (c)  publish in a generally circulating newspaper, in each State or Territory and in New Zealand, a notice:

                              (i)  stating that the draft variation has been approved; and

                             (ii)  stating that the Council has been notified that the draft variation has been approved; and

                            (iii)  stating that the Council may request the Authority to review the draft variation under Division 3; and

                            (iv)  stating where further information about the draft variation may be obtained.

             (5)  If the Authority has notified the Council under subsection (4), the Council may direct the Authority to give the Council such information as the Council reasonably requires for the purpose of assisting the Council to make a decision about the draft under Division 3.

Note:          The process followed by the Council after receiving notification under this section is set out in Division 3.

Subdivision FModification of general procedure for developing new food regulatory measures and major variations

70  Application of Subdivision

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), this Subdivision applies to:

                     (a)  a proposal for the development of a new food regulatory measure; and

                     (b)  a proposal for the variation of a food regulatory measure that:

                              (i)  involves such scientific or technical complexity that it is necessary to adopt this procedure in considering it; or

                             (ii)  involves such a significant change to the scope of the food regulatory measure that it is necessary to adopt this procedure in considering it.

             (2)  This Subdivision does not apply to a proposal made in compliance with Subdivision H.

Note:          Subdivision H requires the Authority to propose a variation of the Maximum Residue Limits Standard if the APVMA notifies the Authority that it is considering the registration of a chemical product and the product is likely to be present in food at a level that is not already permitted under the Maximum Residue Limits Standard.

71  Adopt the general procedure with the modifications set out in this Subdivision

                   The Authority must adopt the general procedure in considering the proposal, with the modifications set out in this Subdivision.

72  Additional step after step set out in section 59

             (1)  The Authority must, after assessing the proposal under section 59 but before undertaking the step set out in section 60, give public notice of the matters set out in subsection (2).

             (2)  The notice must:

                     (a)  state that the Authority has assessed the proposal; and

                     (b)  include a summary of the results of the Authority’s assessment of the proposal, or state how a copy of the summary can be obtained; and

                     (c)  call for written submissions on matters relevant to the proposal to be given to the Authority within the period specified in the notice (the submission period).

73  Matters to which Authority must have regard in making a decision under section 60

                   The Authority must have regard to all submissions made during the submission period in making a decision under section 60.

Note:          This does not limit the other matters to which the Authority must have regard in making a decision under section 60.

Subdivision HVariations of the Maximum Residue Limits Standard

80  Application of Subdivision

                   This Subdivision applies if:

                     (a)  the APVMA notifies the Authority under section 13A of the Agvet Code of an application to register a chemical product; and

                     (b)  it is likely that the chemical product would, if used, be present in foods at a level that is not already permitted under the Maximum Residue Limits Standard.

81  Authority must prepare a proposal to vary the Maximum Residue Limits Standard and adopt the general procedure to consider it

                   The Authority must:

                     (a)  prepare a proposal to vary the Maximum Residue Limits Standard to include or change a permitted maximum residue limit to cover the chemical product; and

                     (b)  adopt the general procedure in considering the proposal, with the modifications set out in this Subdivision.

82  Section 58 notice to be given within 10 business days

                   The Authority must give notice in compliance with section 58 within 10 business days after receiving the notice from the APVMA mentioned in paragraph 80(a).

83  Authority to complete its consideration of the proposal within prescribed period

                   The Authority must complete the general procedure within the prescribed period.


 

Division 3Council may request a review of approved draft standard etc.

84  Council may request a first review

             (1)  If the Authority notifies the Council under section 34, 41, 64 or 69 that the Authority has approved a draft standard or variation (with or without amendments), the Council must, within 60 days after the notification:

                     (a)  request the Authority to review the draft; or

                     (b)  inform the Authority that the Council does not intend to request the Authority to review the draft.

             (2)  If the Council requests the Authority to review a draft standard or variation, the Council must inform the Authority of the Council’s concerns with the draft.

             (3)  The Council may give to the Authority such directions as it thinks fit in relation to the conduct of a review of a draft standard or variation. A direction given under this subsection is not a legislative instrument.

             (4)  Subject to any directions under subsection (3), a review is to be conducted in such manner as the Authority considers appropriate.

             (5)  If the Council requests the Authority to review a draft standard or variation, the Authority must complete that review, and make a decision under subsection (6):

                     (a)  within 3 months after the request was made; or

                     (b)  if the Council allows a longer period—within that longer period.

             (6)  After completing a review under this section of a draft standard or variation, the Authority must:

                     (a)  decide to re‑affirm its approval of the draft; or

                     (b)  decide to re‑affirm its approval of the draft, subject to such amendments as the Authority considers necessary; or

                     (c)  decide to withdraw its approval of the draft;

and give the Council, within 10 business days after making its decision:

                     (d)  written notification of the terms of the Authority’s decision; and

                     (e)  the Authority’s reasons for making that decision.

Note:          The Board must not delegate its powers to act on behalf of the Authority under paragraphs (a), (b) or (c)—see section 150.

             (7)  In exercising its powers under this section in relation to a draft standard or variation, the Council must comply with:

                     (a)  the Food Regulation Agreement; and

                     (b)  the Australia New Zealand Joint Food Standards Agreement.

85  Council may request a second review

             (1)  If the Authority notifies the Council that the Authority has:

                     (a)  made a decision under paragraph 84(6)(a) to re‑affirm the Authority’s approval of a draft standard or variation; or

                     (b)  made a decision under paragraph 84(6)(b) to re‑affirm the Authority’s approval of a draft standard or variation, subject to amendments;

the Council must, within 60 days after the notification:

                     (c)  request the Authority to review the draft; or

                     (d)  inform the Authority that the Council does not intend to request the Authority to review the draft.

             (2)  If the Council requests the Authority to review a draft standard or variation, the Council must inform the Authority of the Council’s concerns with the draft.

             (3)  The Council may give to the Authority such directions as it thinks fit in relation to the conduct of a review of a draft standard or variation. A direction under this subsection is not a legislative instrument.

             (4)  Subject to any directions under subsection (3), a review is to be conducted in such manner as the Authority considers appropriate.

             (5)  If the Council requests the Authority to review a draft standard or variation, the Authority must complete that review, and make a decision under subsection (6):

                     (a)  within 3 months after the request was made; or

                     (b)  if the Council allows a longer period—within that longer period.

             (6)  After completing a review under this section of a draft standard or variation, the Authority must:

                     (a)  decide to re‑affirm its approval of the draft; or

                     (b)  decide to re‑affirm its approval of the draft, subject to such amendments as the Authority considers necessary; or

                     (c)  decide to withdraw its approval of the draft;

and give the Council, within 10 business days after making its decision:

                     (d)  written notification of the terms of the Authority’s decision; and

                     (e)  the Authority’s reasons for making that decision.

Note:          The Board must not delegate its powers to act on behalf of the Authority under paragraphs (a), (b) or (c)—see section 150.

             (7)  In exercising its powers under this section in relation to a draft standard or variation, the Council must comply with the Food Regulation Agreement.

86  Council may amend or reject draft after second review

             (1)  If the Authority notifies the Council that the Authority has:

                     (a)  made a decision under paragraph 85(6)(a) to re‑affirm the Authority’s approval of a draft standard or variation; or

                     (b)  made a decision under paragraph 85(6)(b) to re‑affirm the Authority’s approval of a draft standard or variation, subject to amendments;

the Council must, within 60 days after the notification:

                     (c)  inform the Authority that the Council does not intend to amend or reject the draft; or

                     (d)  by written instrument, amend the draft; or

                     (e)  reject the draft.

             (2)  Before amending the draft standard or variation, the Council must give the Authority an opportunity to submit to the Council a draft of the text of the amendment.

             (3)  As soon as practicable after the Council decides to amend a draft standard or variation, the Council must inform the Authority that the Council has amended the draft, and give the Authority a copy of the amended draft standard or variation.

             (4)  An instrument made under paragraph (1)(d) is not a legislative instrument.

             (5)  If the Council decides to reject the draft, the Council must:

                     (a)  prepare a notice setting out that decision and the reasons for that decision; and

                     (b)  give the Authority a copy of the notice; and

                     (c)  publish a copy of the notice on the Internet and in a newspaper circulating in each State or Territory and in New Zealand.

87  Publication of standard or variation

Standard or variation not subject to review at the request of the Council

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the Authority notifies the Council under section 34, 41, 64 or 69 that the Authority has approved a draft standard or variation (with or without amendments); and

                     (b)  the Council informs the Authority that the Council does not intend to request the Authority to review the draft;

then, as soon as practicable, the Authority must comply with the publication requirements set out in subsection (5) in relation to the draft or the draft as so amended.

Standard or variation subject to a first review at the request of the Council

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the Authority notifies the Council under subsection 84(6) that the Authority has:

                              (i)  made a decision under paragraph 84(6)(a) to re‑affirm the Authority’s approval of a draft standard or variation; or

                             (ii)  made a decision under paragraph 84(6)(b) to re‑affirm the Authority’s approval of a draft standard or variation, subject to amendments; and

                     (b)  the Council informs the Authority that the Council does not intend to request the Authority to review the draft;

then, as soon as practicable, the Authority must comply with the publication requirements set out in subsection (5) in relation to the draft or the draft as so amended.

Standard or variation subject to a second review at the request of the Council

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  the Authority notifies the Council under subsection 85(6) that the Authority has:

                              (i)  made a decision under paragraph 85(6)(a) to re‑affirm the Authority’s approval of a draft standard or variation; or

                             (ii)  made a decision under paragraph 85(6)(b) to re‑affirm the Authority’s approval of a draft standard or variation, subject to amendments; and

                     (b)  the Council informs the Authority that the Council does not intend to amend or reject the draft;

then, as soon as practicable, the Authority must comply with the publication requirements set out in subsection (5) in relation to the draft or the draft as so amended.

Standard or variation amended by the Council at the second review

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the Authority notifies the Council under subsection 85(6) that the Authority has:

                              (i)  made a decision under paragraph 85(6)(a) to re‑affirm the Authority’s approval of a draft standard or variation; or

                             (ii)  made a decision under paragraph 85(6)(b) to re‑affirm the Authority’s approval of a draft standard or variation, subject to amendments; and

                     (b)  the Council informs the Authority that the Council has amended the draft;

then, as soon as practicable, the Authority must comply with the publication requirements set out in subsection (5) in relation to the draft as so amended.

Publication requirements

             (5)  The publication requirements applicable to a draft or draft as amended are as follows:

                     (a)  the Authority must prepare a notice stating that the draft or the draft as so amended is to come into effect on a date specified in the notice;

                     (b)  the Authority must cause a copy of the notice to be published:

                              (i)  in the Gazette; and

                             (ii)  in the New Zealand Gazette; and

                            (iii)  in a generally circulating newspaper, in each State or Territory and in New Zealand;

                            together with information about where a copy of the draft or draft as amended may be obtained or inspected;

                     (c)  the Authority must make a copy of:

                              (i)  the notice; and

                             (ii)  the text of the draft or the draft as so amended;

                            available for inspection by the public;

                     (d)  the Authority must publish on the Authority’s Internet site a copy of:

                              (i)  the notice; and

                             (ii)  the text of the draft or the draft as so amended.

When standard or variation made under this Act

             (6)  If a standard or variation is the subject of a notice under subsection (5), the standard or variation is taken to have been made under this Act if and when the standard or variation comes into effect in accordance with the notice.

Draft as so amended

             (7)  To avoid doubt, a reference in this section to a draft as so amended does not imply that a reference in another provision of this Act to a draft does not include a reference to an amended draft.

Standards are legislative instruments, but not subject to disallowance or sunsetting

             (8)  A standard, or a variation of a standard, in relation to which a notice is published under this section is a legislative instrument, but section 42 and Part 6 of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003 do not apply to the standard or variation.


 

Division 4Urgent applications and proposals

Subdivision AUrgent consideration of applications and proposals

95  Declaration of urgency

             (1)  The Authority may:

                     (a)  declare in writing that a specified application made under section 22 is an urgent application for the purposes of this Part; or

                     (b)  declare in writing that a specified proposal prepared under section 55 is an urgent proposal for the purposes of this Part;

if:

                     (c)  the application or proposal relates to the development or variation of a standard; and

                     (d)  the Authority considers that it is appropriate to do so in order to protect public health and safety.

             (2)  The Authority may:

                     (a)  declare in writing that a specified application made under section 22 is an urgent application for the purposes of this Part; or

                     (b)  declare in writing that a specified proposal prepared under section 55 is an urgent proposal for the purposes of this Part;

if:

                     (c)  the application or proposal relates to the variation of a standard; and

                     (d)  the standard has had or, if not varied in the manner sought in the application or proposal, will have, a negative impact on trade that was not envisaged when the standard was made; and

                     (e)  the Authority considers that the variation of the standard will meet the following objectives:

                              (i)  the protection of public health and safety;

                             (ii)  the provision of adequate information relating to food to enable consumers to make informed choices;

                            (iii)  the prevention of misleading or deceptive conduct.

             (3)  The Authority must:

                     (a)  give public notice of a declaration under subsection (1) or (2), and include a copy of the declaration in the notice; and

                     (b)  publish in a generally circulating newspaper, in each State or Territory and in New Zealand, a copy of the declaration.

             (4)  The Authority must take all reasonable steps to distribute copies of the declaration to the print and electronic media in Australia and New Zealand for the purpose of seeking media publicity about the urgent application or proposal.

             (5)  The Authority must give a copy of a declaration under subsection (1) or (2) to:

                     (a)  each appropriate government agency; and

                     (b)  the Council; and

                     (c)  if the declaration relates to an application—the applicant.

             (6)  The following do not apply to an urgent application or urgent proposal:

                     (a)  Subdivisions C to F of Division 1 of this Part;

                     (b)  Subdivisions C to H of Division 2 of this Part;

                     (c)  Division 3 of this Part.

             (7)  No charge fixed under section 146 is payable in relation to an urgent application.

96  Preparation of draft standard or variation

             (1)  After considering an urgent application, the Authority must:

                     (a)  prepare in writing a draft standard or a draft variation of a standard; or

                     (b)  reject the application.

Note:          See also section 18, which sets out the objectives of the Authority in developing food regulatory measures and variations of those measures.

             (2)  After considering an urgent proposal, the Authority must:

                     (a)  prepare in writing a draft standard or a draft variation of a standard; or

                     (b)  abandon the proposal.

Note:          See also section 18, which sets out the objectives of the Authority in developing food regulatory measures and variations of those measures.

             (3)  If, under this section, the Authority prepares a draft standard, or a draft variation of a standard, the Authority must give public notice of the matters mentioned in subsection (4).

             (4)  The notice must:

                     (a)  state that the Authority has prepared a draft standard, or a draft variation of a standard, as the case requires; and

                     (b)  include a copy of the draft standard or draft variation; and

                     (c)  call for written submissions from interested persons and appropriate government agencies, for the purposes of the Authority’s consideration of the draft standard, or draft variation, to be given to the Authority within the period specified in the notice (the submission period).

             (5)  The submission period must not end later than 10 business days after the publication of the notice.

             (6)  As soon as practicable after complying with subsection (3), the Authority must publish in a generally circulating newspaper, in each State or Territory and in New Zealand, a copy of the notice mentioned in subsection (3), together with information about where a copy of the draft may be obtained.

97  Approval and publication of standard or variation

Approval

             (1)  After considering a draft standard, or a draft variation of a standard, prepared under section 96, the Authority must:

                     (a)  approve the draft; or

                     (b)  approve the draft subject to such amendments as the Authority considers necessary; or

                     (c)  abandon the draft.

Note:          The Board must not delegate its powers to act on behalf of the Authority under this subsection—see section 150.

             (2)  In doing so, the Authority must have regard to all submissions made by interested persons and appropriate government agencies during the submission period.

             (3)  To avoid doubt, the draft does not take effect except in accordance with a notice under subsection (4).

Publication

             (4)  If the Authority approves a draft standard or a draft variation of a standard under this section (with or without amendments), the Authority must:

                     (a)  give public notice of the approval, together with information about where further information about the draft standard or draft variation may be obtained; and

                     (b)  publish in a generally circulating newspaper, in each State or Territory and in New Zealand, a notice stating that the draft standard or draft variation has been approved and stating where further information about the draft standard or draft variation may be obtained.

When a standard or variation takes effect

             (5)  The standard, or the variation of the standard, takes effect on the day specified in the notice given under subsection (4).

Standards are legislative instruments, but not subject to disallowance or sunsetting

             (6)  The standard, or the variation of the standard, in relation to which notice is published under subsection (4), is a legislative instrument, but section 42 and Part 6 of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003 do not apply to the standard or variation.

Subdivision BAssessing the resulting standard or variation

98  Application

                   This Subdivision applies if the Authority approves a draft standard or a draft variation of a standard under section 97 (with or without amendments).

99  Assessing the standard or variation

             (1)  The Authority must assess the standard or variation.

             (2)  In assessing the standard or variation, the Authority must have regard to the following matters:

                     (a)  whether costs that have arisen, or will arise, from the standard or variation outweigh the direct and indirect benefits to the community, Government or industry that have arisen, or will arise, from the standard or variation;

                     (b)  whether other measures (available to the Authority or not) would be more cost‑effective than the standard or variation;

                     (c)  all relevant New Zealand standards;

                     (d)  any other relevant matters.

Note:          See also section 18, which sets out the objectives of the Authority in developing food regulatory measures and variations of those measures.

100  Calling for submissions

             (1)  After assessing the standard or variation, the Authority must call for submissions by giving public notice of the matters mentioned in subsection (2).

             (2)  The notice must:

                     (a)  identify the standard or variation; and

                     (b)  include a copy of the standard or variation, or state how a copy of the standard or variation can be obtained; and

                     (c)  call for written submissions, for the purpose of making a decision under subsection 101(1), to be given to the Authority within the period specified in the notice (the submission period).

101  Re‑affirm the standard or variation or propose changes

             (1)  After the submission period, and in any event within 12 months after the standard or variation takes effect, the Authority must:

                     (a)  re‑affirm its decision to approve the standard or variation; or

                     (b)  prepare a proposal under section 55 for the development of:

                              (i)  the variation, or further variation, of the relevant standard; or

                             (ii)  a replacement standard.

Note:          The Board must not delegate its powers to act on behalf of the Authority under this subsection—see section 150.

             (2)  In making a decision under subsection (1), the Authority must take into account all submissions made during the submission period.

             (3)  Within 10 business days after making a decision under subsection (1), the Authority must give the Council written notice of its decision, and include with that notice a report prepared in accordance with subsection (4).

             (4)  The report must include each of the following:

                     (a)  the reasons for initially declaring the application or proposal that resulted in the standard or variation to be urgent;

                     (b)  a copy of the declaration under section 95;

                     (c)  a copy of the standard or variation approved as a result of the application or proposal;

                     (d)  a summary of the submissions received by the Authority in relation to the standard or variation approved as a result of the urgent application or proposal;

                     (e)  the Authority’s responses to the issues raised in those submissions;

                      (f)  the Authority’s reasons for its decision under subsection (1);

                     (g)  a Regulation Impact Statement in relation to the standard or variation.

             (5)  If the Authority notifies the Council that the Authority has re‑affirmed a standard or variation of a standard, the Council may direct the Authority to give the Council such information as the Council reasonably requires for the purpose of assisting the Council to make a decision about the standard or variation under section 102.

102  Council may request Authority to review

             (1)  If the Authority notifies the Council under section 101 that the Authority has re‑affirmed its approval of the standard or variation, the Council must, within 60 days after the notification:

                     (a)  request the Authority to review the standard or variation; or

                     (b)  inform the Authority that the Council does not intend to request the Authority to review the standard or variation.

             (2)  In exercising its powers under this section in relation to the standard or variation, the Council must comply with:

                     (a)  the Food Regulation Agreement; and

                     (b)  the Australia New Zealand Joint Food Standards Agreement.

103  Review requested

             (1)  If the Council requests the Authority to review the standard or variation, the Council must inform the Authority of the Council’s concerns with the standard or variation.

             (2)  The Council may give to the Authority such directions as it thinks fit in relation to the conduct of a review of a standard or variation under this Subdivision.

             (3)  A direction under subsection (2) is not a legislative instrument.

104  Authority to respond to request

             (1)  If the Council requests the Authority to review the standard or variation:

                     (a)  the review is to be conducted, subject to any directions given under subsection 103(2), in such manner as the Authority considers appropriate; and

                     (b)  the Authority must complete the review, and make a decision under subsection (2):

                              (i)  within 3 months after the request was made; or

                             (ii)  if the Council allows a longer period—within that longer period.

             (2)  After completing a review under this section of the standard or variation, the Authority must:

                     (a)  re‑affirm its decision to approve the standard or variation; or

                     (b)  prepare a proposal under section 55 for the development of:

                              (i)  the variation, or further variation, of the relevant standard; or

                             (ii)  a replacement standard.

Note:          The Board must not delegate its powers to act on behalf of the Authority under this subsection—see section 150.

             (3)  The Authority must give to the Council within 10 business days after making its decision:

                     (a)  written notice of its decision under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the Authority’s reasons for making that decision.

105  Council may request second review

             (1)  If the Authority notifies the Council under section 104 that the Authority re‑affirmed its decision to approve the standard or variation, the Council must, within 60 days after the notification:

                     (a)  request the Authority to review the standard or variation; or

                     (b)  inform the Authority that the Council does not intend to request the Authority to review the standard or variation.

             (2)  In exercising its powers under this section in relation to the standard or variation, the Council must comply with the Food Regulation Agreement.

             (3)  Sections 103 and 104 apply in the same way in relation to the second review as they apply in relation to the first.

106  Council may revoke or amend standard or variation

             (1)  If, after a second review, the Authority notifies the Council that the Authority has decided under paragraph 104(2)(a) to re‑affirm the standard or variation, the Council must, within 60 days after the notification:

                     (a)  inform the Authority that the Council does not intend to revoke or amend the standard or variation; or

                     (b)  by legislative instrument, revoke or amend the standard or variation with effect from a date specified in the instrument.

             (2)  If the Council decides to revoke or amend the standard or variation, the Council must:

                     (a)  prepare a notice setting out the reasons for that decision; and

                     (b)  give the Authority a copy of the notice; and

                     (c)  publish a copy of the notice:

                              (i)  on the Internet; and

                             (ii)  in a generally circulating newspaper, in each State or Territory and in New Zealand.

             (3)  Before amending the standard or variation, the Council must give the Authority an opportunity to submit to the Council a draft of the text of the amendment.

             (4)  As soon as practicable after the Council decides to revoke or amend the standard or variation, the Authority must:

                     (a)  prepare a notice stating that the revocation or amendment is to come into effect on the date specified in the instrument of revocation or amendment; and

                     (b)  cause a copy of the notice to be published:

                              (i)  in the Gazette; and

                             (ii)  in the New Zealand Gazette; and

                            (iii)  in a generally circulating newspaper, in each State or Territory and in New Zealand;

                            together with information about where the text of the revocation or amendment may be obtained or inspected; and

                     (c)  make a copy of:

                              (i)  the notice; and

                             (ii)  the text of the instrument of revocation or amendment;

                            available for inspection by the public; and

                     (d)  publish on the Authority’s Internet site a copy of:

                              (i)  the notice; and

                             (ii)  the text of the instrument of revocation or amendment.

             (5)  If a standard or variation is the subject of a notice under subsection (4), the standard or variation is taken to have been made under this Act if and when the standard or variation comes into effect under the instrument of revocation or amendment.

Instruments of revocation are not subject to disallowance or sunsetting

             (6)  Section 42 and Part 6 of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003 do not apply to the instrument of revocation or amendment.


 

Division 5General rules for considering applications and proposals

107  General conduct in considering an application or proposal

                   Subject to this Act, in considering an application or proposal:

                     (a)  the Authority is not bound to act in a formal manner; and

                     (b)  the Authority is not bound by the rules of evidence; and

                     (c)  the Authority may inform itself on any matter in such manner as it thinks fit; and

                     (d)  the Authority may receive written or oral information or submissions; and

                     (e)  the Authority may consult with such persons as it thinks fit.

108  Authority may require further information

             (1)  If the Authority needs more information:

                     (a)  to enable it to assess an application and develop the relevant food regulatory measure, or the relevant variation of a food regulatory measure; or

                     (b)  to enable it to determine whether a charge fixed under section 146 is payable to the Authority in relation to an application;

the Authority may request the applicant to provide it with such further information as is specified in the request within such reasonable time as is specified in the request.

             (2)  If the applicant refuses or fails to comply with the request within the period specified in the request, without reasonable excuse, the application is taken to have been withdrawn. The Authority must give written notice of that fact to the applicant.

             (3)  If an application is taken to have been withdrawn under subsection (2) after public notice of the application is given under section 28, the Authority must give public notice that the application is taken to have been withdrawn under subsection (2).

109  Period within which consideration of applications for standards or variations must be completed

Applications must be considered within the consideration period

             (1)  If the Authority accepts an application under section 26 for the development of a standard or the variation of a standard, the Authority must complete the procedure that the Authority must, under Subdivision C of Division 1, adopt in the consideration of the application within the consideration period.

Consideration period

             (2)  The consideration period begins:

                     (a)  if an exclusive capturable commercial benefit would be conferred on the applicant as a result of the development of the resulting standard or variation—on the day on which the charge fixed under subparagraph 146(6)(b)(i) is paid or, if the charge is payable in instalments, the first instalment is paid; and

                     (b)  if the applicant elects to have the consideration of the application expedited—on the day on which the charge fixed under subparagraph 146(6)(b)(ii) is paid or, if the charge is payable in instalments, the first instalment is paid; and

                     (c)  in any other case, on the day on which the Authority begins its assessment of the application under section 29.

             (3)  The consideration period ends 12 months after it begins or, if a shorter period is prescribed, at the end of that shorter period.

Extension for consideration of new standard or major variation

             (4)  If the application is one to which Subdivision F of Division 1 applies (an application for the development of a new standard or a major variation), the Authority may extend the consideration period, if it is not practicable for the general procedure, as modified by that Subdivision, to be completed within the period specified under subsections (2) and (3).

             (5)  The maximum period for which an extension may be given under subsection (4) is 6 months.

Stopping the clock

             (6)  If the Authority requests an applicant to provide it with further information under section 108, the time taken by the applicant to provide the information is not to be included in the consideration period.

             (7)  If an instalment of a charge fixed under section 146 is due, but not paid, the time during which it remains unpaid is not to be included in the consideration period.

             (8)  If an application is made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for the review of a decision of the Authority made in connection with the preparation of a draft standard or a draft variation of a standard, the period beginning on the day on which the application for review is made and ending on the day on which it is finalised is not to be included in the consideration period.

             (9)  If the Council notifies the Authority that it is formulating policy guidelines for the purposes of paragraph 18(2)(e):

                     (a)  the Authority may, subject to subsections (9A) and (9B), suspend its consideration of any application which, in the opinion of the Authority, would be affected by the guidelines once formulated; and

                     (b)  if the Authority suspends its consideration of an application, notify the applicant of the suspension, and the period of the suspension.

          (9A)  If:

                     (a)  an applicant has applied for the development or variation of a standard; and

                     (b)  an exclusive capturable commercial benefit would be conferred on the applicant if the standard were made or varied in the manner sought in the application; and

                     (c)  either:

                              (i)  the charge fixed under subparagraph 146(6)(b)(ii) in relation to the application is paid; or

                             (ii)  in a case where the charge is payable in instalments—each instalment that is due and payable in relation to the application is paid;

the Authority must not suspend its consideration of the application unless the applicant first consents to that suspension.

          (9B)  If:

                     (a)  an applicant elects to have the consideration of his or her application expedited; and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  the charge fixed under subparagraph 146(6)(b)(ii) in relation to the application is paid; or

                             (ii)  in a case where the charge is payable in instalments—each instalment that is due and payable in relation to the application is paid;

the Authority must not suspend its consideration of the application unless the applicant first consents to that suspension.

           (10)  The suspension begins on the day on which the Authority is notified by the Council and ends on the day on which:

                     (a)  the Council notifies the Authority of the policy guidelines; or

                     (b)  the Council notifies the Authority that it has decided not to proceed with the policy guidelines; or

                     (c)  a period of 18 months, beginning on the day on which the Authority was notified under subsection (9), has elapsed.

           (11)  The period during which the consideration of the application is suspended is not to be included in the consideration period.

110  Rejecting an application or abandoning a proposal

Notice of rejection

             (1)  If the Authority rejects:

                     (a)  an application for the development or variation of a food regulatory measure; or

                     (b)  a draft food regulatory measure or a draft variation of a food regulatory measure that results from such an application;

the Authority must comply with the notice requirements set out in subsection (2).

             (2)  The notice requirements for the purposes of subsection (1) are as follows:

                     (a)  the Authority must give notice in writing of the rejection, and the reasons for the rejection, to the applicant;

                     (b)  if the Authority rejects the application after public notice is given under section 28, the Authority must give public notice of the rejection, and the reasons for the rejection;

                     (c)  if the rejection occurs after a draft food regulatory measure or a draft variation of a food regulatory measure has been prepared as a result of the application—the Authority must give notice in writing of the rejection to the Council.

Refund on rejection

             (3)  If the Authority rejects:

                     (a)  an application for the development or variation of a food regulatory measure; or

                     (b)  a draft food regulatory measure or a draft variation of a food regulatory measure that results from an application;

after the applicant has paid a charge fixed under section 146 in relation to the application, the Authority must refund to the applicant so much of the charge as is equivalent to the sum paid by the applicant but not expended from the charge, calculated in accordance with the regulations.

Notice of abandonment

             (4)  If the Authority abandons:

                     (a)  a proposal for the development of a standard or the variation of a standard; or

                     (b)  a draft food regulatory measure or a draft variation of a food regulatory measure that results from such a proposal;

the Authority must comply with the notice requirements set out in subsection (5).

             (5)  The notice requirements for the purposes of subsection (4) are as follows:

                     (a)  if the Authority abandons the proposal after public notice is given under section 58, the Authority must give public notice of the abandonment, and the reasons for the abandonment;

                     (b)  if the abandonment occurs after a draft food regulatory measure or a draft variation of a food regulatory measure has been prepared as a result of the proposal—the Authority must give notice in writing of the abandonment to the Council.

111  Public hearings

             (1)  The Authority may, at the discretion of the Authority, conduct a public hearing at any point during the consideration of an application or proposal for the development or variation of a food regulatory measure.

             (2)  If the consideration of an application or proposal includes a public hearing, the Authority, having regard to the confidential nature of any evidence or matter or for any other reason, may direct that any part of the hearing be held in private and determine who may attend.

             (3)  The Authority may give directions prohibiting or restricting the publication of evidence given in the course of a public hearing or the review or assessment of a draft food regulatory measure or a draft variation of a food regulatory measure, whether in public or in private, or of matters contained in documents produced in the course of a public hearing or the review or assessment of a draft food regulatory measure or a draft variation of a food regulatory measure.

             (4)  A direction under subsection (3) is not a legislative instrument.

112  Authority may rely on work or processes of other government agencies

             (1)  The Authority may decide, in writing, not to do something that it is required to do under this Part in relation to an application made under section 22, or a proposal prepared under section 55, if the Authority considers that doing the thing would be a duplication of work already done, or a process already gone through, by another government agency.

             (2)  If the decision relates to an application in relation to which public notice has been given under section 28, the Authority must give public notice of its decision.

             (3)  If the decision relates to an application in relation to which public notice has not, or not yet, been given under those sections, the Authority must give notice of its decision to the applicant.

             (4)  If the decision relates to a proposal in relation to which public notice has been given under section 58, the Authority must give public notice of its decision.

             (5)  The public notice must:

                     (a)  identify the government agency referred to in subsection (1); and

                     (b)  contain a brief statement of the work the agency has done or the process it has gone through.

             (7)  In this section:

government agency means:

                     (a)  a Department of State of:

                              (i)  the Commonwealth; or

                             (ii)  a State or Territory; or

                            (iii)  New Zealand; or

                     (b)  a body (whether incorporated or not) established by, or by a law of:

                              (i)  the Commonwealth; or

                             (ii)  a State or Territory; or

                            (iii)  New Zealand.

modifications includes additions, omissions and substitutions.


 

Division 6Other matters

113  Review of food regulatory measures

             (1)  The Authority may review a food regulatory measure at the request of a body or person, or on its own initiative, in such manner as the Authority considers appropriate.

             (2)  If the Council requests the Authority to review a standard:

                     (a)  the Authority must review the standard; and

                     (b)  subject to any directions under subsection (3), the Authority may conduct the review in such manner as the Authority considers appropriate.

             (3)  The Council may give to the Authority such directions as it thinks fit in relation to the conduct of a review under subsection (2). Such a direction is not a legislative instrument.

             (4)  If the Council requests the Authority to review a standard under subsection (2), the Authority must complete that review:

                     (a)  within 3 months after the request was made; or

                     (b)  if the Council allows a longer period—within that longer period.

             (5)  After completing a review under subsection (2), the Authority must notify the Council of the result of the review.

             (6)  As soon as practicable after the Authority has reviewed a food regulatory measure under this section, it may prepare a proposal for the development of a food regulatory measure in substitution for the food regulatory measure that has been reviewed.

             (7)  If the Authority prepares a proposal under this section, this Part has effect as if the proposal were a proposal under section 55.

114  Confidential commercial information

             (1)  It is the duty of a person who is a member of the Board, a member of the staff of the Authority, a member of a committee or a person engaged as a consultant under section 136 not to disclose any confidential commercial information in respect of food that has been acquired by the person because of being such a member or consultant.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to anything done in the performance of duties, or in the exercise of powers or functions, under this Act.

             (3)  Subsection (1) does not preclude the disclosure of confidential information in respect of food to any court in any proceeding. However, the Authority must apply to the court for an order preventing disclosure of that information to any other person otherwise than for the purpose of the proceedings, if it is within the jurisdiction of the court to make such an order.

             (4)  Despite subsection (1), the Chief Executive Officer may, in respect of confidential commercial information acquired in respect of food by a member of the Board, a member of the staff of the Authority, a member of a committee, or a person engaged as a consultant under section 136, because of being such a member or consultant:

                     (a)  if the Minister certifies, by instrument, that it is necessary in the public interest that the information should be disclosed to a specified person—disclose that information to that person; or

                     (b)  disclose that information to any prescribed authority or person; or

                     (c)  disclose that information to a person or body who, in the opinion of the Chief Executive Officer, is expressly or impliedly authorised to obtain that information by the applicant for the development or variation of a food regulatory measure, in respect of the food concerned.

             (5)  The Chief Executive Officer must not disclose, under paragraph (4)(a), any confidential commercial information given by a person in respect of food unless the Chief Executive Officer:

                     (a)  has advised the person, in writing, of the Chief Executive Officer’s intention to disclose the information and of the reasons for disclosing that information; and

                     (b)  has given the person a reasonable opportunity to communicate the person’s views about the proposed disclosure of that information; and

                     (c)  has taken into account any views so communicated.

             (6)  Any authority or person to whom information is disclosed under subsection (4), and any person under the control of that authority or person, is, in respect of that information, subject to the same obligations as if that authority or person were a person referred to in subsection (1) who had acquired the information in the circumstances set out in subsection (1).

             (7)  Despite subsection (1), the Chief Executive Officer may permit confidential commercial information in respect of food to be disclosed:

                     (a)  to an Agency Head (within the meaning of the Public Service Act 1999) or the Chief Officer of a Commonwealth authority for the purpose of enabling the Agency or authority to perform any arrangements made with the Authority in accordance with paragraph 137(a); or

                     (b)  to the Secretary of a Department of the Public Service of a State or Territory or the Chief Officer of a State or Territory authority for the purpose of enabling the Department or authority to perform any arrangements made with the Authority in accordance with paragraph 137(b); or

                    (ba)  to the chief executive of a Department of State of New Zealand or the Chief Officer of a New Zealand authority for the purpose of enabling the Department or authority to perform any arrangements made with the Authority in accordance with paragraph 137(c); or

                     (c)  to the Chief Officer of any other authority or body for the purpose of enabling that authority or body to perform any arrangements made with the Authority in accordance with paragraph 137(d).

             (8)  A person to whom information is disclosed under subsection (7) and any person under the control of the first‑mentioned person to whom that information is disclosed for the purposes of an arrangement under section 137, must not, directly or indirectly, except for the purposes of that arrangement, disclose the information to any person while the person is, or after the person ceases to be, such a person.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years.

             (9)  The powers conferred by subsection (7) are in addition to, and not in derogation of, the powers conferred by subsection (4).

           (10)  Nothing in subsection (4) or (7) is taken to limit the generality of subsection (3) or the operation of subsection (2).

           (11)  In this section:

court includes a tribunal, authority or person having power to require the production of documents or the answering of questions.


 

Part 4The Board, the Chief Executive Officer and the Authority’s staff

Division 1The Board

115  Board

             (1)  The affairs of the Authority are to be conducted by a Board to be known as the Board of Food Standards Australia New Zealand.

             (2)  All acts and things done in the name of, or on behalf of, the Authority by the Board or with the authority of the Board are taken to have been done by the Authority.

             (3)  To avoid doubt, a reference in subsection (2) to a thing done includes a reference to a state of mind attained or an opinion formed.

116  Constitution of Board

             (1)  The Board consists of:

                     (a)  a Chairperson; and

                     (b)  the Chief Executive Officer; and

                     (c)  2 members nominated by the New Zealand lead Minister on the Council for the purposes of this paragraph; and

                    (ca)  one member nominated by the New Zealand lead Minister on the Council for the purposes of this paragraph; and

                     (d)  a member nominated by consumer organisations; and

                     (e)  a member nominated by the CEO of the National Health and Medical Research Council; and

                      (f)  3 members nominated by organisations, or public bodies, established for purposes relating to science or public health; and

                     (g)  2 members nominated by organisations, or public bodies, established for purposes relating to the food industry.

          (1A)  A member mentioned in paragraph (1)(a), (c), (ca), (d), (e), (f) or (g) is to be appointed by the Minister.

          (1B)  The Minister may appoint a person as a member mentioned in paragraph (1)(a), (d), (e), (f) or (g) only if the Council has agreed to the appointment.

             (2)  Before appointing a person as a member mentioned in paragraph (1)(c) or (ca), the Minister must consult with the Council.

          (2A)  The Chief Executive Officer is automatically a member and does not have to be appointed as a member. The following references in this Division to a member do not apply to the Chief Executive Officer:

                     (a)  subsections (7) and (8) of this section;

                     (b)  section 117;

                     (c)  section 119;

                     (d)  section 120;

                     (e)  section 121;

                      (f)  section 126;

                     (g)  section 127.

Note:          See Division 2 for the appointment, and terms and conditions of appointment, of the Chief Executive Officer and for other matters relating to the Chief Executive Officer.

          (2B)  The Minister may appoint a person as a member mentioned in paragraph (1)(a) or (c) only if the Minister is satisfied that the person is suitably qualified for appointment because of expertise in one or more of the following fields:

                     (a)  public health;

                     (b)  consumer affairs;

                     (c)  food science;

                     (d)  food allergy;

                     (e)  human nutrition;

                      (f)  medical science;

                     (g)  microbiology;

                     (h)  food safety;

                      (i)  biotechnology;

                      (j)  veterinary science;

                     (k)  the food industry;

                      (l)  food processing or retailing;

                    (m)  primary food production;

                     (n)  small business;

                     (o)  international trade;

                     (p)  government;

                     (q)  food regulation.

          (2C)  The Minister may appoint a person as a member mentioned in paragraph (1)(ca) only if the Minister is satisfied that the person is suitably qualified for appointment because of expertise in one or more of the following fields:

                     (a)  public health;

                     (b)  consumer affairs;

                     (c)  food science;

                     (d)  food allergy;

                     (e)  human nutrition;

                      (f)  medical science;

                     (g)  microbiology;

                     (h)  food safety;

                      (i)  biotechnology;

                      (j)  veterinary science.

             (3)  The Minister may appoint a person as a member mentioned in paragraph (1)(f) only if:

                     (a)  the Minister is satisfied that the person is suitably qualified for appointment because of expertise in one or more of the following fields:

                              (i)  public health;

                             (ii)  consumer affairs;

                            (iii)  food science;

                            (iv)  food allergy;

                             (v)  human nutrition;

                            (vi)  medical science;

                           (vii)  microbiology;

                           (viii)  food safety;

                            (ix)  biotechnology;

                             (x)  veterinary science; and

                     (b)  the Minister has sought nominations from such organisations and public bodies as are prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of:

                              (i)  if the person is suitably qualified for appointment because of expertise in only one field mentioned in paragraph (a)—the subparagraph of paragraph (a) that is applicable to that field; or

                             (ii)  if the person is suitably qualified for appointment because of expertise in more than one field mentioned in paragraph (a)—a subparagraph of paragraph (a) that is applicable to one of those fields; and

                     (c)  the person has been so nominated.

             (4)  The Minister may appoint a person as a member mentioned in paragraph (1)(g) only if:

                     (a)  the Minister is satisfied that the person is suitably qualified for appointment because of expertise in one or more of the following fields:

                              (i)  the food industry;

                             (ii)  food processing or retailing;

                            (iii)  primary food production;

                            (iv)  small business;

                             (v)  international trade;

                            (vi)  government;

                           (vii)  food regulation; and

                     (b)  the Minister has sought nominations from such organisations and public bodies as are prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of:

                              (i)  if the person is suitably qualified for appointment because of expertise in only one field mentioned in paragraph (a)—the subparagraph of paragraph (a) that is applicable to that field; or

                             (ii)  if the person is suitably qualified for appointment because of expertise in more than one field mentioned in paragraph (a)—a subparagraph of paragraph (a) that is applicable to one of those fields; and

                     (c)  the person has been so nominated.

             (5)  The Minister may only appoint a person as a member mentioned in paragraph (1)(d) if the Minister is satisfied that the person has a good knowledge of consumer rights and consumer affairs policy in Australia.

             (7)  The Chairperson and the other members hold office on a part‑time basis.

             (8)  The members hold office on such terms and conditions (if any) in respect of matters not provided for by this Act as are determined by the Minister in writing.

             (9)  The performance of a function or the exercise of a power by the Board is not affected by a vacancy or vacancies in the membership of the Board.

117  Appointment of members

             (1)  Each member is to be appointed with effect from such day as the Minister specifies in the instrument of appointment of that member.

             (2)  A member holds office for the period specified in the instrument of appointment. The period must not exceed 4 years.

             (4)  A person appointed as a member is eligible for reappointment for a second term but must not be reappointed for a third or subsequent term.

             (5)  If:

                     (a)  a member holds office for a particular period (the original period); and

                     (b)  the Minister does not make a decision before the end of the original period to re‑appoint, or not to re‑appoint, the member;

then, subject to this Part, the member continues to hold office on the basis that the original period is extended until:

                     (c)  the end of the period of 6 months beginning at the end of the original period; or

                     (d)  the Minister notifies the member that the Minister has decided not to re‑appoint the member; or

                     (e)  the Minister signs an instrument re‑appointing the member;

whichever first happens.

             (6)  As soon as practicable after subsection (5) begins to apply to a member, the Authority must cause to be published in the Gazette a notice describing the circumstances in which that subsection has begun to apply to the member.

             (7)  As soon as practicable after subsection (5) ceases to apply to a member, the Authority must cause to be published in the Gazette a notice describing the circumstances in which that subsection has ceased to apply to the member.

             (8)  The Minister must not appoint a person as the Chairperson if, at any time during the period of 2 years ending immediately before the proposed period of appointment, the person was employed by, or had a pecuniary interest in, a body corporate whose primary commercial activity relates directly to the production or manufacture of food.

          (8A)  For the purposes of subsection (8):

                     (a)  a director (however described) of a body corporate is taken to be employed by the body corporate; and

                     (b)  the secretary (however described) of a body corporate is taken to be employed by the body corporate.

             (9)  The Minister must not appoint a person as a Chairperson if the person has a pecuniary interest in a body corporate whose primary commercial activity relates directly to the production or manufacture of food.

118  Committees

             (1)  The Board may establish such committees as it thinks fit to assist it in carrying out its functions, and may abolish any such committee.

             (2)  A committee established under this section consists of such persons (whether members of the Board or not) as the Board from time to time appoints.

             (3)  The Board may give to a committee established under this section such directions as it thinks fit, including:

                     (a)  directions as to the manner in which the committee is to carry out its functions; and

                     (b)  directions with respect to the procedure to be followed in relation to meetings of the committee, including directions with respect to:

                              (i)  the convening of meetings of the committee; and

                             (ii)  the number of members of the committee to constitute a quorum; and

                            (iii)  the appointment of a member of the committee to preside at meetings of the committee; and

                            (iv)  the manner in which questions arising at a meeting of the committee are to be decided; and

                             (v)  the voting rights of members of the committee; and

                            (vi)  the disclosure of members’ interests in matters being considered by the committee.

             (4)  In exercising its powers under subsection (1), (2) or (3), the Authority must comply with any directions given to it by the Council.

             (5)  The Board must keep the Council informed of:

                     (a)  the establishment or abolition of a committee; and

                     (b)  any directions given by the Board to a committee.

119  Remuneration and allowances

             (1)  This section applies to members of the Board and of committees.

             (2)  Subject to subsection (3), a person to whom this section applies is to be paid:

                     (a)  such remuneration as is determined by the Remuneration Tribunal but, if no determination of that Tribunal is in force, such remuneration as is prescribed; and

                     (b)  such allowances as are prescribed.

             (3)  If a person to whom this section applies is also:

                     (a)  in the service or employment of, or of an authority of, the Commonwealth, a State, a Territory or New Zealand on a full‑time basis; or

                     (b)  a person who holds or performs the duties of an office or position established by or under a law of the Commonwealth, a State, a Territory or New Zealand on a full‑time basis;

the person is not entitled to remuneration under this Act.

             (4)  This section has effect subject to the Remuneration Tribunal Act 1973.

120  Leave of absence of members

             (1)  The Minister may grant leave of absence to the Chairperson on such terms and conditions as the Minister determines.

             (2)  The Chairperson may grant leave of absence to any other member on such terms and conditions as the Chairperson determines.

121  Acting appointments

             (1)  The Minister may appoint a person to act as the Chairperson:

                     (a)  during a vacancy in the office of Chairperson, whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office; or

                     (b)  during any period, or during all periods, when the Chairperson is absent from duty or from Australia or is, for any other reason, unable to perform the duties of the office.

             (2)  The Minister may appoint a person other than the Chairperson to act as a member:

                     (a)  during a vacancy in the office of that member, whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office; or

                     (b)  during any period, or during all periods, when that member is absent from Australia or is, for any reason, unable to perform the duties of the office.

             (3)  Anything done by a person purporting to act under an appointment under this section is not invalid merely because:

                     (a)  the occasion for the appointment had not arisen; or

                     (b)  there was a defect or irregularity in or in connection with the appointment; or

                     (c)  the appointment had ceased to have effect; or

                     (d)  the occasion for the person to act had not arisen or had ceased.

122  Meetings

             (1)  The Board is to hold such meetings as are necessary for the efficient performance of its functions.

             (2)  The Chairperson:

                     (a)  may convene a meeting at any time; and

                     (b)  must convene a meeting on receipt of a written request signed by not less than 3 other members.

             (3)  The Chairperson is to preside at all meetings at which he or she is present.

             (4)  If the Chairperson is not present at a meeting, the members present must appoint one of their number to preside.

             (5)  A majority of the members for the time being of the Board as constituted in a particular manner constitute a quorum for the Board as so constituted.

             (6)  Questions arising at a meeting of the Board as constituted in a particular manner are to be determined by a majority of the votes of the members of the Board as so constituted present and voting.

             (7)  The person presiding at a meeting of the Board has a deliberative vote and, if necessary, also has a casting vote.

123  Conduct of meetings

             (1)  The Board may, subject to this Part, regulate proceedings at its meetings as it considers appropriate.

             (2)  Without limiting subsection (1), the Board may permit members to participate in a particular meeting, or all meetings, by:

                     (a)  telephone; or

                     (b)  closed‑circuit television; or

                     (c)  any other means of communication.

             (3)  A member who is permitted to participate in a meeting under subsection (2) is to be regarded as being present at that meeting.

124  Resolutions without formal meetings

                   Where the Board so determines, a resolution is taken to have been passed at a meeting of the Board if:

                     (a)  without meeting, a majority of the number of members indicate agreement with the resolution in accordance with the method determined by the Board; and

                     (b)  that majority would, if present at a meeting of the Board, have constituted a quorum under subsection 122(5).

125  Disclosure of interests

             (4)  A member who has a material personal interest, including an interest in relation to academic or research associations of the member, in a matter being considered or about to be considered by the Board in accordance with section 124 must, as soon as practicable after the relevant facts have come to the member’s knowledge, disclose the nature of that interest to the Minister.

             (5)  The Board must establish and maintain a system for the declaration and registration of material personal interests of its members.

             (6)  The entries recorded in the register of members’ interests must be published by the Board on the Authority’s Internet site.

126  Resignation

                   A member may resign by instrument in writing delivered to the Minister.

127  Termination of appointment

             (1)  The Minister may terminate the appointment of a member for misbehaviour or physical or mental incapacity.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a member becomes bankrupt, applies to take the benefit of any law for the relief of bankrupt or insolvent debtors, compounds with creditors or makes an assignment of remuneration for their benefit; or

                     (b)  a member fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with section 125 of this Act or section 27F or 27J of the Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act 1997; or

                     (c)  a member, being the Chairperson:

                              (i)  engages, except with the approval of the Minister, in paid employment outside the duties of his or her office; or

                             (ii)  is absent from duty, except on leave of absence granted by the Minister, for 14 consecutive days or for 28 days in any 12 months; or

                     (d)  a member, other than the Chairperson:

                              (i)  engages in any paid employment that, in the Minister’s opinion, conflicts with the proper performance of the member’s functions; or

                             (ii)  is absent, except on leave of absence granted under subsection 120(2), from 3 consecutive meetings of the Board;

the Minister may terminate the appointment of the member.


 

Division 2The Chief Executive Officer

128  Appointment

             (1)  There is to be a Chief Executive Officer of the Authority.

             (2)  The Chief Executive Officer is to be appointed by the Board on a full‑time basis.

             (3)  The Minister must not appoint a person as the Chief Executive Officer if, at any time during the period of 2 years ending immediately before the proposed period of appointment, the person was employed by a body corporate whose primary commercial activity relates directly to the production or manufacture of food.

          (3A)  For the purposes of subsection (3):

                     (a)  a director (however described) of a body corporate is taken to be employed by the body corporate; and

                     (b)  the secretary (however described) of a body corporate is taken to be employed by the body corporate.

             (4)  The Minister must not appoint a person as the Chief Executive Officer if the person has a pecuniary interest in a body corporate whose primary commercial activity relates directly to the production or manufacture of food.

129  Duties

             (1)  The Chief Executive Officer is responsible for the day‑to‑day administration of the Authority and the control of its operations.

             (2)  The Chief Executive Officer is to act in accordance with any policies determined, and any directions given, by the Board in writing.

             (3)  The Chief Executive Officer is not authorised to act on behalf of the Authority under:

                     (a)  paragraph 33(1)(a); or

                     (b)  subsection 35(1); or

                     (c)  paragraph 41(2)(a); or

                     (e)  paragraph 63(1)(a); or

                      (f)  subsection 65(1); or

                     (g)  paragraph 69(2)(a); or

                      (i)  subsection 84(6) or 85(6); or

                      (j)  subsection 97(1); or

                     (k)  subsection 101(1); or

                      (l)  subsection 104(2).

130  Delegation

                   The Chief Executive Officer may, in writing, delegate to a member of the staff of the Authority all or any of the functions or powers of the Chief Executive Officer.

131  Remuneration and allowances

             (1)  The Chief Executive Officer is to be paid the remuneration that is determined by the Remuneration Tribunal. If no determination of that remuneration by the Tribunal is in operation, the Chief Executive Officer is to be paid the remuneration that is determined in writing by the Board.

             (2)  The Chief Executive Officer is to be paid the allowances that are determined in writing by the Board.

             (3)  This section has effect subject to the Remuneration Tribunal Act 1973.

132  Resignation

                   The Chief Executive Officer may resign by giving the Board a written resignation.

133  Other terms and conditions

                   The Board may determine in writing the other terms and conditions on which the Chief Executive Officer holds office (including terms and conditions in relation to termination of appointment).

134  Acting Chief Executive Officer

             (1)  The Board may appoint a person to act as the Chief Executive Officer:

                     (a)  during a vacancy in the office of Chief Executive Officer, whether or not an appointment has previously been made to that office; or

                     (b)  during any period, or during all periods, when the Chief Executive Officer is absent from duty or from Australia, or is, for any reason, unable to perform the duties of the office.

             (2)  Anything done by or in relation to a person purporting to act under an appointment is not invalid merely because:

                     (a)  the occasion for the appointment had not arisen; or

                     (b)  there was a defect or irregularity in connection with the appointment; or

                     (c)  the appointment had ceased to have effect; or

                     (d)  the occasion to act had not arisen or had ceased.


 

Division 3Staff, consultants and assistance from other agencies

135  Staff of Authority

             (1)  The staff of the Authority are persons engaged under the Public Service Act 1999.

             (2)  For the purposes of the Public Service Act 1999:

                     (a)  the Chief Executive Officer and the APS employees assisting the Chief Executive Officer together constitute a Statutory Agency; and

                     (b)  the Chief Executive Officer is the Head of that Statutory Agency.

136  Consultants

             (1)  The Chief Executive Officer, on the Authority’s behalf, may engage as consultants persons having suitable qualifications and experience.

             (2)  The terms and conditions of engagement of consultants are such as are determined by the Chief Executive Officer.

137  Arrangements with Commonwealth Departments etc.

                   The Authority may make arrangements:

                     (a)  with an Agency Head (within the meaning of the Public Service Act 1999) or the Chief Officer of any Commonwealth authority; or

                     (b)  with the Secretary of a Department of the Public Service of a State or Territory, or the Chief Officer of a State or Territory authority; or

                     (c)  with the chief executive of a Department of State of New Zealand or the Chief Officer of a New Zealand authority; or

                     (d)  with the Chief Officer of any other authority or body;

for:

                     (e)  the services of officers or employees in those Agencies, Departments, authorities or bodies to be made available to the Authority; or

                      (f)  officers or employees in those Agencies, Departments, authorities or bodies to give advice to the Authority.


 

Part 5Finance

  

138  Money to be appropriated

             (1)  There is payable to the Authority such money as is from time to time appropriated by the Parliament for the purposes of the Authority.

             (2)  The Minister for Finance may give directions as to the amounts in which, and the times at which, money referred to in subsection (1) is to be paid to the Authority.

139  Money of Authority

             (1)  The money of the Authority consists of:

                     (a)  money paid to the Authority under section 138; and

                    (ab)  money paid to the Authority under section 145; and

                    (ac)  money paid to the Authority under section 146 or 147; and

                     (b)  any other money, other than trust money, paid to the Authority.

             (2)  The money of the Authority is to be applied only:

                     (a)  in payment or discharge of the expenses, obligations and liabilities of the Authority arising under this Act; and

                     (b)  in payment of remuneration and allowances payable under this Act; and

                     (c)  in making any other payments required or permitted to be made by the Authority.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not prevent investment of surplus money of the Authority under section 18 of the Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act 1997.

140  Taxation

                   The Authority is not subject to taxation under any law of the Commonwealth, of a State or of a Territory.

141  Trust money

             (1)  The Authority:

                     (a)  may receive money from any body or person on trust for application towards a particular purpose consistent with the functions of the Authority; and

                     (b)  must pay trust money into an account or accounts referred to in subsection 18(2) of the Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act 1997 containing no money other than trust money; and

                     (c)  must apply or deal with trust money only in accordance with the powers and duties of the Authority as trustee; and

                     (d)  may only invest trust money:

                              (i)  in any manner in which the Authority is authorised to invest the money by the terms of the trust; or

                             (ii)  in any manner in which trust money may be lawfully invested.


 

Part 6Miscellaneous

  

142  Documents and samples become Commonwealth property

             (1)  All documents and samples given to the Authority for any purpose of this Act or produced to assist the Authority in the consideration of an application or proposal, or in the assessment or review of a resulting food regulatory measure, become, upon being so given or produced, the property of the Commonwealth and may, subject to section 114, be dealt with or disposed of in any manner that the Authority considers appropriate.

             (2)  If the Authority publishes, or permits the public inspection of, any document that has become the property of the Commonwealth under subsection (1), no action or proceeding for defamation lies against the Commonwealth, a member of the Board, or a person assisting the Authority, in relation to the publication or public inspection of the document.

143  Review of decisions

             (1)  Subject to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975, application may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal:

                     (a)  by an applicant for the development or variation of a standard, for a review of:

                              (i)  a decision by the Authority under paragraph 26(1)(b) to reject an application, other than a decision to reject the application because it does not comply with subsection 22(2); or

                             (ii)  a decision by the Authority under paragraph 30(1)(b) to reject an application; or

                            (iv)  a decision by the Authority under paragraph 96(1)(b) to reject an application; or

                     (b)  by a person whose interests are affected by one of the following decisions, for a review of that decision:

                              (i)  a decision by the Authority under subsection 56(1) to abandon a proposal;

                             (ii)  a decision by the Authority under paragraph 60(b) to abandon a proposal;

                            (iii)  a decision by the Authority under paragraph 96(2)(b); or

                     (c)  for review of a decision under section 112 not to do something.

             (2)  In subsection (1), decision has the same meaning as in the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975.

144  Statement accompanying notification of decisions

             (1)  Where:

                     (a)  notice in writing of the making of a decision of a kind referred to in paragraph 143(1)(a) is given to an applicant; or

                     (b)  written notice is given that a decision of a kind referred to in paragraph 143(1)(b) has been made;

that notice must include a statement to the effect that:

                     (c)  subject to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975, application may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of the decision:

                              (i)  if it is a decision of a kind referred to in paragraph 143(1)(a)—by the applicant; or

                             (ii)  if it is a decision of the kind referred to in paragraph 143(1)(b)—by a person whose interests are affected by the decision; and

                     (d)  except where subsection 28(4) of that Act applies, application may be made in accordance with section 28 of that Act by or on behalf of that person for a statement in writing setting out the findings of material questions of fact, referring to the evidence or other materials on which those findings were based and giving the reasons for the decision.

             (2)  Any failure to comply with a requirement of subsection (1) in relation to a decision does not affect the validity of the decision.

145  Fees for services provided to New Zealand

             (1)  The Authority may charge, for services provided to New Zealand, such fees as are agreed on from time to time between the Authority and the New Zealand lead Minister on the Council.

146  Charges relating to the Authority’s costs

             (1)  The regulations may fix charges to be paid to the Authority by a body or person for services and facilities the Authority provides to the body or person.

          (1A)  The regulations may also:

                     (a)  provide for the charge to be paid by instalments; and

                     (b)  fix the times at which instalments are due to be paid.

             (2)  A charge fixed under subsection (1) must not be such as to amount to taxation.

             (3)  This section does not apply to services or facilities that the Authority provides under contract.

             (4)  Regulations made for the purposes of this section must not specify New Zealand as a person or body by whom charges are payable.

             (5)  Charge under this section may be recovered by the Authority as a debt due to the Authority.

             (6)  A charge may only be fixed if:

                     (a)  it relates to an application to develop or vary a standard; and

                     (b)  either of the following apply:

                              (i)  the development or variation of the standard would confer an exclusive capturable commercial benefit on the applicant;

                             (ii)  the applicant has elected to have the consideration of the application expedited.

             (7)  The consideration of an application in relation to which a charge is fixed under subsection (6) must not displace the development of, or variation to, any other food regulatory measure in a three year plan.

             (8)  For the purposes of subsection (7), a three year plan means a three year forward plan of the Authority developed under section 20.

147  Charge—late payment penalty

             (1)  The regulations may provide that, if any charge under section 146 remains unpaid by the body or person liable after the time when it became due for payment, the body or person is liable to pay to the Authority, by way of penalty, an amount calculated at the rate of:

                     (a)  20% per year; or

                     (b)  if the regulations specify a lower percentage—that lower percentage per year;

on the amount unpaid computed from that time.

             (2)  A penalty under this section may be recovered by the Authority as a debt due to the Authority.

148  Charge—discount for early payment

                   The regulations may make provision for and in relation to discounts for early payment of charge under section 146.

149  Charge and late payment penalty—remissions and refunds

             (1)  The regulations may make provision for and in relation to the method of working out an amount of refund of charge for the purposes of subsection 24(2).

             (2)  The regulations may make provision for and in relation to:

                     (a)  the remission or refund, in whole or in part, of charge under section 146 in circumstances specified in the regulations; and

                     (b)  the remission, in whole or in part, of late payment penalty under section 147 in circumstances specified in the regulations.

             (3)  Regulations made for the purposes of subsection (1) or (2) may confer powers on the Authority.

150  Delegation by Board

             (1)  The Board may, by resolution, delegate to a member of the Board, or to a senior member of the staff of the Authority, all or any of its powers under this Act, other than its powers to act on behalf of the Authority under:

                     (a)  paragraph 33(1)(a); or

                     (b)  subsection 35(1); or

                     (c)  paragraph 41(2)(a); or

                     (e)  paragraph 63(1)(a); or

                      (f)  subsection 65(1); or

                     (g)  paragraph 69(2)(a); or

                      (i)  paragraphs 84(6)(a), (b) or (c) or 85(6)(a), (b) or (c); or

                      (j)  subsection 97(1); or

                     (k)  subsection 101(1); or

                      (l)  subsection 104(2).

             (2)  A delegation of a power under this section:

                     (a)  may be revoked by resolution of the Board (whether or not constituted by the persons constituting the Board at the time when the power was delegated); and

                     (b)  continues in force notwithstanding a change in the membership of the Board.

             (3)  Section 34A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 applies in relation to a delegation under this section as if the Board were a person.

             (4)  A certificate signed by the Chairperson of the Board stating any matter with respect to a delegation of a power under this section is prima facie evidence of that matter.

             (5)  A document purporting to be a certificate mentioned in subsection (4) is, unless the contrary is established, taken to be such a certificate and to have been duly given.

             (6)  A delegate under this section is, in the exercise of a power delegated under this section, subject to any directions given by the Board.

             (7)  In this section:

senior member of the staff of the Authority means:

                     (a)  a person who holds or performs the duties of a Senior Executive Service position in the Authority; or

                     (b)  a person who holds or performs the duties of an APS Executive Level 2 position, or an equivalent position, in the Authority.

151  Exemption from suit

             (1)  No civil or criminal proceeding, and no action or suit of any other kind, lies against any of the following:

                     (a)  the Commonwealth;

                     (b)  a member of the Board;

                     (c)  a person assisting the Authority in the performance of its functions;

in relation to any loss or injury directly or indirectly sustained by a person because of the consumption of, or other dealing with, food.

          (1A)  No civil or criminal proceeding, and no action or suit of any other kind, lies against any of the following:

                     (a)  the Commonwealth;

                     (b)  a member of the Board;

                     (c)  a person assisting the Authority in the performance of its functions;

in relation to anything done, or not done, by the Authority or the person in the performance of functions or the exercise of powers under this Act, provided that the Authority or the person (as the case requires) acts honestly and reasonably in doing, or not doing, that thing.

             (2)  In an action against a person in relation to any loss or injury directly or indirectly sustained because of the consumption of, or other dealing with, food, it is not a defence to that action that:

                     (a)  a standard has come into effect; or

                     (b)  a standard has been adopted, or taken to have been adopted, and published;

in respect of that food and that the food complies with the standard.

152  Annual report

                   The members must include in each report on the Authority under section 9 of the Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act 1997 for a financial year particulars of:

                     (a)  the number of applications that were considered under Subdivision D of Division 1 of Part 3 during that year; and

                     (b)  the number of applications that were considered under Subdivision E of Division 1 of Part 3 during that year; and

                     (c)  the number of applications that were considered under Subdivision F of Division 1 of Part 3 during that year; and

                     (e)  for each of those Subdivisions, the number of applications considered under that Subdivision that were disposed of during that year and the manner of their disposal; and

                      (f)  for each of those Subdivisions, the average time taken to dispose of applications during that year; and

                     (g)  the number of applications made during that year in relation to which a charge fixed under section 146 was payable; and

                     (h)  the number of applications made during that year in relation to which no charge fixed under section 146 was payable; and

                      (i)  the average number of days that elapsed between the acceptance or rejection under section 26 of an application made during that year in relation to which no charge fixed under section 146 was payable, and the commencement of the assessment of the application under section 29; and

                      (j)  each occasion during that year on which the consideration period under section 109 elapsed without the Authority completing the procedure that the Authority must, under Subdivision C of Division 1, adopt in considering the application; and

                     (k)  each occasion during that year on which the Authority extended the consideration period under subsection 109(4), and the reasons for that extension; and

                      (l)  the number of proposals made by the Authority under section 55 during that year; and

                    (m)  the number of proposals made by the Authority under section 81 during that year; and

                     (n)  the number of proposals so made that were disposed of during that year and the manner of their disposal; and

                     (o)  the average time taken to dispose of proposals under each of Subdivisions D, E, F and H of Division 2 of Part 3 during that year; and

                     (p)  the average number of days that elapsed between the preparation of a proposal during that year under each of sections 55 and 81 and the commencement of the assessment of the proposal under section 59; and

                     (q)  the number of applications made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal during that year for review of decisions of the Authority; and

                      (r)  the results of the applications made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal that were determined during that year; and

                      (s)  the number of standards made during that year; and

                      (t)  the number of draft standards and draft variations approved during that year under each of the following:

                              (i)  section 33;

                             (ii)  section 41; and

                     (u)  the number of occasions during that year when requests were made by the Council under Division 3 of Part 3 for a review of a draft standard or draft variation; and

                     (v)  the number of occasions during that year when a draft standard or draft variation was rejected by the Council under Division 3 of Part 3; and

                    (w)  the number of occasions during that year when requests were made by the Council under Division 3 of Part 3 for a review of a standard or variation; and

                     (x)  the number of occasions during that year when a standard or variation was revoked or amended by the Council under Division 3 of Part 3; and

                     (y)  a summary of policy guidelines notified to the Authority during that year; and

                      (z)  such other matters (if any) as are specified in the regulations.

153  Regulations

                   The Governor‑General may make regulations, not inconsistent with this Act, prescribing all matters:

                     (a)  required or permitted by this Act to be prescribed; or

                     (b)  necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to this Act.


Notes to the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991

Note 1

The Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991 as shown in this compilation comprises Act No. 118, 1991 amended as indicated in the Tables below.

The Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991 was modified by the National Food Authority Regulations 1994 (1994 No. 286 as amended). The modifications made by the Regulations are not incorporated in this compilation.

For all relevant information pertaining to application, saving or transitional provisions see Table A.

Table of Acts

Act

Number
and year

Date
of Assent

Date of commencement

Application, saving or transitional provisions

National Food Authority Act 1991

118, 1991

27 June 1991

19 Aug 1991 (see Gazette 1991, No. S219)

 

Health and Community Services Legislation Amendment Act 1991

211, 1991

24 Dec 1991

Ss. 10 and 11: 29 Apr 1992
Ss. 30 and 31: 19 Aug 1991
Ss. 35, 37 and 39: 1 Apr 1992
Remainder: Royal Assent

National Food Authority Amendment Act 1995

152, 1995

16 Dec 1995

Schedules 1 and 2: 1 July 1996 (see Gazette 1996, No. S230)
Remainder: Royal Assent

Audit (Transitional and Miscellaneous) Amendment Act 1997

152, 1997

24 Oct 1997

Schedule 2 (items 191–200): 1 Jan 1998 (see Gazette 1997, No. GN49) (a)

Australia New Zealand Food Authority Amendment Act (No. 2) 1997

201, 1997

16 Dec 1997

Schedule 1 (items 1, 25, 27–40, 42, 43, 46, 48, 49): 6 Feb 1998 (see Gazette 1998, No. S50)
Schedule 1 (item 41): (b)
Remainder: Royal Assent

Sch. 1 (items 48, 49)
S. 2(4) (am. by 81, 2001, Sch. 2)

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Australia New Zealand Food Authority Amendment Act 2001

81, 2001

10 July 2001

(see 81, 2001 below)

Public Employment (Consequential and Transitional) Amendment Act 1999

146, 1999

11 Nov 1999

Schedule 1 (items 164–169): 5 Dec 1999 (see Gazette 1999, No. S584) (c)

Corporate Law Economic Reform Program Act 1999

156. 1999

24 Nov 1999

Schedule 10 (item 17): 13 Mar 2000 (see Gazette 2000, No. S114) (d)

Australia New Zealand Food Authority Amendment Act 1999

200, 1999

23 Dec 1999

Schedule 1 (item 13): 30 July 1998
Remainder: Royal Assent

Sch. 1 (items
67–70)

Gene Technology (Consequential Amendments) Act 2000

170, 2000

21 Dec 2000

22 June 2001 (see s. 2)

Australia New Zealand Food Authority Amendment Act 2001

81, 2001

10 July 2001

Schedule 1 (items 1–120, 121–177) and Schedule 3: 1 July 2002 (see Gazette 2002, No. GN30)
Schedule 1 (item 178): 23 Dec 1999 (e)
Schedule 2: 16 Dec 1997 (e)
Remainder: Royal Assent

S. 2(6) and Sch. 1 (items 33, 120A, 124, 133, 147, 153, 155, 156,163, 168,
172–177)

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Statute Law Revision Act 2002

63, 2002

3 July 2002

Schedule 2 (item 2): (ea)

Health and Aged Care Legislation Amendment (Application of Criminal Code) Act 2001

111, 2001

17 Sept 2001

17 Sept 2001

S. 4

National Health and Medical Research Council Amendment Act 2006

50, 2006

9 June 2006

Schedule 1: 1 July 2006
Remainder: Royal Assent

Statute Law Revision Act 2007

8, 2007

15 Mar 2007

Schedule 1 (item 13): (f)

Food Standards Australia New Zealand Amendment Act 2007

98, 2007

28 June 2007

Schedule 1 (items 1–63): 1 July 2007 ( see F2007L01822)
Schedule 1 (items 64–78): (g)
Schedule 2: [see Note 2]
Schedule 3 (items 1–9): [see Note 2]
Schedule 3 (item 10): [see Note 2]
Remainder: Royal Assent

Sch. 1 (items 77, 78)


(a)     The Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991 was amended by Schedule 2 (items 191–200) only of the Audit (Transitional and Miscellaneous) Amendment Act 1997, subsection 2(2) of which provides as follows:

                 (2)   Schedules 1, 2 and 4 commence on the same day as the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997.

(b)    Subsection 2(4) of the Australia New Zealand Food Authority Amendment Act (No. 2) 1997 provides as follows:

                 (4)   Item 41 of Schedule 1 commences immediately after the commencement of the Public Service Act 1999, if that Act commences after this Act receives the Royal Assent. If that Act commences before this Act receives the Royal Assent, item 41 does not commence.

         The Public Service Act 1999 came into operation on 5 December 1999 (see Gazette 1999, No. S584).

(c)     The Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991 was amended by Schedule 1 (items 164–169) only of the Public Employment (Consequential and Transitional) Amendment Act 1999, subsections 2(1) and (2) of which provide as follows:

                 (1)   In this Act, commencing time means the time when the Public Service Act 1999 commences.

                 (2)   Subject to this section, this Act commences at the commencing time.

(d)     The Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991 was amended by Schedule 10 (item 17) only of the Corporate Law Economic Reform Program Act 1999, subsection 2(2)(c) of which provides as follows:

                 (2)   The following provisions commence on a day or days to be fixed by Proclamation:

                              (c)   the items in Schedules 10, 11 and 12.

(e)     Subsections 2(3) and (4) of the Australia New Zealand Food Authority Amendment Act 2001 provide as follows:

                 (2)   Part 1 of Schedule 1 (other than item 120A), and Schedule 3, commence on the first day after the commencement of this section on which an amendment of the Australia New Zealand Joint Food Standards Agreement comes into force in accordance with Article 10 of that Agreement.

                 (3)   Part 2 of Schedule 1 is taken to have commenced on 23 December 1999, immediately after the commencement of item 10 of Schedule 1 to the Australia New Zealand Food Authority Amendment Act 1999.

(ea)   The Australia New Zealand Food Authority Amendment Act 2001 was amended by Schedule 2 (item 2) only of the Statute Law Revision Act 2002, subsection 2(1) (item 31) of which provides as follows:

                 (1)   Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, on the day or at the time specified in column 2 of the table.

 

Commencement information

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Provision(s)

Commencement

Date/Details

31.  Schedule 2, item 2

Immediately after the time specified in the Australia New Zealand Food Authority Amendment Act 2001 for the commencement of item 185 of Schedule 1 to that Act

10 July 2001

(f)      Subsection 2(1) (item 10) of the Statute Law Revision Act 2007 provides as follows:

                 (1)   Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Provision(s)

Commencement

Date/Details

10.  Schedule 1, item 13

Immediately after the commencement of item 37 of Schedule 1 to the Australia New Zealand Food Authority Amendment Act 2001.

1 July 2002

(g)     Subsection 2(1) (items 2–6, 8 and 9) of the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Amendment Act 2007 provides as follows:

                 (1)   Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Provision(s)

Commencement

Date/Details

2.  Schedule 1, Parts 1 and 2

A single day to be fixed by Proclamation.

However, if any of the provision(s) do not commence within the period of 6 months beginning on the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent, they commence on the first day after the end of that period.

1 July 2007

(see F2007L01822)

3.  Schedule 1, items 64 to 67

Immediately after the commencement of the provision(s) covered by table item 2.

1 July 2007

4.  Schedule 1, items 68 to 70

Immediately after the commencement of the provisions covered by table item 3.

1 July 2007

5. Schedule 1, item 71

Immediately after the commencement of the provision(s) covered by table item 4.

1 July 2007

6.  Schedule 1, Parts 4 and 5

Immediately after the commencement of the provision(s) covered by table item 5.

1 July 2007

8.  Schedule 3, Part 1

The day on which an amendment of the Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of New Zealand Establishing a System for the Development of Joint Food Standards, signed at Wellington on 5 December 1995, enters into force to reduce from two to one the number of occasions on which the Council may request the Authority to review a draft standard or a draft variation of a standard.

However, if no such amendment of the Agreement is made, the provision(s) do not commence at all.

[see Note 2]

9. Schedule 3, Part 2

Immediately after the commencement of Part 1 of Schedule 3.

However, if Part 1 of Schedule 3 does not commence before Schedule 2, the provision(s) do not commence at all.

[see Note 2]


The amendment history of the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991 appears in the Table below. For repealed provisions up to and including Act No. 98, 2007 see the Repeal Table.

Table of Amendments

ad. = added or inserted     am. = amended     rep. = repealed     rs. = repealed and substituted

Provision affected

How affected

Title......................................

am. No. 152, 1995; No. 200, 1999; No. 81, 2001

Part 1

 

S. 1......................................

am. No. 152, 1995; No. 81, 2001

S. 3......................................

ad. No. 200, 1999

 

am. No. 81, 2001

S. 4......................................

am. No. 152, 1995; No. 201, 1997; No. 200, 1999; No. 170, 2000; No. 81, 2001; No. 50, 2006; No. 98, 2007

Ss. 5, 6................................

ad. No. 200, 1999

 

am. No. 98, 2007

Ss. 7, 8................................

ad. No. 98, 2007

S. 11....................................

ad. No. 111, 2001

Part 2

 

Heading to Part 2.................

rs. No. 81, 2001; No. 98, 2007

Division 1

 

Heading to Div. 1 of Part 2..

ad. No. 98, 2007

S. 12....................................

am. No. 152, 1995; No. 81, 2001

Note to s. 12(2)...................

ad. No. 152, 1997

S. 13....................................

am. No. 152, 1995; No. 201, 1997; No. 200, 1999; No. 81, 2001; No. 98, 2007

S. 14....................................

am. No. 201, 1997; No. 200, 1999

S. 15....................................

am. No. 152, 1997; No. 98, 2007

Division 2

 

Heading to Div. 2 of Part 2..

ad. No. 98, 2007

S. 16....................................

am. No. 200, 1999; No. 81, 2001

Note to s. 16(3)...................

am. No. 98, 2007

S. 17....................................

ad. No. 200, 1999

Heading to s. 18..................

am. No. 81, 2001

S. 18....................................

am. No. 152, 1995

 

rs. No. 200, 1999

 

am. No. 81, 2001; Nos. 8 and 98, 2007

S. 19....................................

ad. No. 170, 2000

Division 3

 

Heading to Div. 3 of Part 2..

ad. No. 98, 2007

S. 20....................................

ad. No. 200, 1999

 

am. No. 98, 2007

Part 3

 

Heading to Part 3.................

rs. No. 200, 1999

Division 1

 

Div. 1 of Part 3....................

ad. No. 81, 2001

 

rs. No. 98, 2007

Subdivision A

 

Heading to s. 21..................

am. No. 200, 1999

 

rs. No. 81, 2001; No. 98, 2007

S. 21....................................

am. No. 200, 1999

 

rs. No. 81, 2001; No. 98, 2007

Subdivision B

 

S. 22....................................

am. No. 152, 1995

 

rs. No. 200, 1999; No. 81, 2001; No. 98, 2007

S. 23....................................

am. No. 200, 1999; No. 81, 2001

 

rs. No. 81, 2001; No. 98, 2007

S. 24....................................

am. No. 152, 1995

 

rs. No. 200, 1999; No. 81, 2001; No. 98, 2007

Subdivision C

 

S. 25....................................

am. No. 152, 1995; No. 201, 1997

 

rs. No. 200, 1999; No. 81, 2001; No. 98, 2007

Subdivision D

 

Heading to s. 26..................

am. No. 200, 1999

 

rs. No. 81, 2001; No. 98, 2007

S. 26....................................

am. No. 200, 1999

 

rs. No. 81, 2001; No. 98, 2007

S. 27....................................

am. No. 152, 1995

 

rs. No. 200, 1999; No. 81, 2001; No. 98, 2007

Heading to s. 28..................

am. No. 200, 1999

 

rs. No. 81, 2001; No. 98, 2007

S. 28....................................

am. No. 201, 1997

 

rs. No. 81, 2001; No. 98, 2007

Heading to s. 29..................

am. No. 81, 2001

 

rs. No. 98, 2007

S. 29....................................

am. No. 81, 2001

 

rs. No. 98, 2007

Heading to s. 30..................

am. No. 81, 2001

 

rs. No. 98, 2007

S. 30....................................

am. No. 81, 2001

 

rs. No. 98, 2007

S. 31....................................

rep. No. 81, 2001

 

ad. No. 98, 2007

Heading to s. 32..................

rs. No. 152, 1995

 

rep. No. 81, 2001

 

ad. No. 98, 2007

S. 32....................................

am. No. 152, 1995; No. 201, 1997; No. 200, 1999

 

rep. No. 81, 2001

 

ad. No. 98, 2007

Heading to s. 33..................

am. No. 200, 1999

 

rs. No. 98, 2007

S. 33....................................

am. No. 200, 1999; No. 81, 2001

 

rs. No. 98, 2007

S. 34....................................

am. No. 201, 1997; No. 200, 1999; No. 81, 2001

 

rs. No. 98, 2007

Heading to s. 35..................

am. No. 81, 2001

 

rs. No. 98, 2007

S. 35....................................

am. No. 201, 1997; No. 200, 1999; No. 81, 2001

 

rs. No. 98, 2007

Subdivision E

 

S. 36....................................

am. No. 152, 1995; No. 201, 1997; No. 200, 1999; No. 81, 2001

 

rs. No. 98, 2007

S. 37....................................

am. No. 200, 1999

 

rep. No. 81, 2001

 

rs. No. 98, 2007

Heading to s. 38..................

rs. No. 152, 1995; No. 98, 2007

S. 38....................................

am. No. 152, 1995; No. 146, 1999

 

rs. No. 98, 2007

Ss. 39–41............................

ad. No. 98, 2007

Subdivision F

 

Ss. 42–45............................

ad. No. 98, 2007

Division 2

 

Heading to Div. 1 of Part 3..

rs. No. 200, 1999

Renumbered Div. 2...........

No. 81, 2001

Heading to Div. 2 of Part 3..

rs. No. 98, 2007

Div. 2 of Part 3 ...................

rs. No. 98, 2007

Subdivision A

 

S. 54....................................

ad. No. 98, 2007

Subdivision B

 

Ss. 55, 56............................

ad. No. 98, 2007

Subdivision C

 

S. 57....................................

ad. No. 98, 2007

Subdivision D

 

Ss. 58–65............................

ad. No. 98, 2007

Subdivision E

 

Ss. 66–69............................

ad. No. 98, 2007

Subdivision F

 

Ss. 70–73............................

ad. No. 98, 2007

Subdivision H

 

Ss. 80–83............................

ad. No. 98, 2007

Division 3

 

Div. 3 of Part 3 ...................

ad. No. 81, 2001

 

rs. No. 98, 2007

Ss. 84–87............................

ad. No. 98, 2007

Division 4

 

Div. 4 of Part 3 ...................

ad. No. 81, 2001

 

rs. No. 98, 2007

Subdivision A

 

Ss. 95–97............................

ad. No. 98, 2007

Subdivision B

 

Ss. 98–106..........................

ad. No. 98, 2007

Division 5

 

Heading to Div. 6 of Part 3..

rep. No. 98, 2007

Heading to Div. 5 of Part 3..

ad. No. 98, 2007

Ss. 107–112........................

ad. No. 98, 2007

Division 6

 

Heading to Div. 3 of Part 3

 

Renumbered Div. 6...........

No. 81, 2001

Heading to Div. 6 of Part 3..

rs. No. 98, 2007

S. 113..................................

ad. No. 98, 2007

S. 114..................................

am. No. 152, 1995; No. 201, 1997; Nos. 146 and 200, 1999; No. 81, 2001; No. 98, 2007

Part 4

 

Heading to Part 4.................

rs. No. 201, 1997; No. 81, 2001

Division 1

 

Heading to Div. 1 of Part 4..

ad. No. 201, 1997

 

rs. No. 81, 2001

S. 115..................................

ad. No. 81, 2001

Heading to s. 116................

am. No. 81, 2001

S. 116..................................

am. No. 152, 1995; No. 201, 1997; No. 81, 2001; No. 50, 2006; No. 98, 2007

S. 117..................................

am. No. 81, 2001

Heading to s. 118................

am. No. 81, 2001

S. 118..................................

am. No. 81, 2001

S. 119..................................

am. No. 152, 1995; No. 81, 2001

Ss. 121–123........................

am. No. 81, 2001

S. 124..................................

am. No. 81, 2001; No. 98, 2007

S. 125..................................

am. No. 152, 1997; No. 81, 2001; No. 98, 2007

S. 127..................................

am. No. 152, 1997; Nos. 156 and 200, 1999; No. 81, 2001; No. 98, 2007

Division 2

 

Div. 2 of Part 4....................

ad. No. 201, 1997

S. 128..................................

ad. No. 201, 1997

 

am. No. 81, 2001

S. 129..................................

ad. No. 201, 1997

 

am. No. 81, 2001; No. 98, 2007

S. 130..................................

ad. No. 201, 1997

Ss. 131–134........................

ad. No. 201, 1997

 

am. No. 81, 2001

Division 3

 

Heading to Div. 3 of Part 4..

ad. No. 201, 1997

 

rs. No. 98, 2007

S. 135..................................

am. No. 201, 1997; No. 146, 1999

S. 136..................................

am. No. 201, 1997

S. 137..................................

ad. No. 98, 2007

Part 5

 

S. 139..................................

am. No. 152, 1995; No. 152, 1997; No. 200, 1999; No. 98, 2007

S. 141..................................

am. No. 152, 1997

Part 6

 

S. 142..................................

am. No. 201, 1997; No. 81, 2001; No. 98, 2007

S. 143..................................

am. No. 201, 1997; No. 200, 1999; No. 81, 2001; No. 98, 2007

S. 144..................................

am. No. 152, 1995; No. 200, 1999; No. 98, 2007

S. 145..................................

ad. No. 152, 1995

 

am. No. 201, 1997; No. 81, 2001

Heading to s. 146................

rs. No. 152, 1995

S. 146..................................

am. No. 152, 1995

 

rs. No. 200, 1999

 

am. No. 81, 2001; No. 98, 2007

Ss. 147–149........................

ad. No. 200, 1999

 

am. No. 98, 2007

S. 150..................................

rs. No. 81, 2001

 

am. No. 98, 2007

S. 151..................................

am. No. 201, 1997; No. 200, 1999; No. 81, 2001; No. 98, 2007

S. 152..................................

am. No. 152, 1997; No. 200, 1999; No. 81, 2001

 

rs. No. 98, 2007


Certain provisions of the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991, as amended, were repealed either prior to renumbering by the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Amendment Act 2007 (No. 98, 2007) or by that Act. The amendment history of the repealed provisions appears in the Table below.

Repeal Table

ad. = added or inserted      am. = amended     rep. = repealed      rs. = repealed and substituted

Provision affected

How affected

S. 11A (second occurring).

ad. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S.  11B................................

ad. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

Heading to s. 12..................

am. No. 200, 1999

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 12....................................

am. No. 201, 1997; No. 200, 1999; No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

Note to s. 12(2)...................

ad. No. 201, 1997

 

am. No. 200, 1999

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 12AA..............................

ad. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 12A.................................

ad. No. 201, 1997

 

rs. No. 200, 1999

 

am. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 12B.................................

ad. No. 200, 1999

 

am. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

Heading to s. 13..................

am. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 13....................................

am. No. 201, 1997

 

rs. No. 200, 1999

 

am. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

Heading to s. 13A...............

am. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 13A.................................

ad. No. 200, 1999

 

am. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

Heading to s. 14..................

am. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 14....................................

am. No. 152, 1995

 

rs. No. 200, 1999

 

am. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 14A.................................

ad. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

Heading to s. 15..................

am. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 15....................................

rs. No. 200, 1999

 

am. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 15AA..............................

ad. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

Heading to s. 15A...............

am. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 15A.................................

ad. No. 200, 1999

 

am. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 15B.................................

ad. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

Heading to s. 16..................

am. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 16....................................

am. No. 152, 1995

 

rs. No. 200, 1999

 

am. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

Heading to s. 17..................

am. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 17....................................

am. No. 152, 1995; No. 201, 1997

 

rs. No. 200, 1999

 

am. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 17AA..............................

ad. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 17A.................................

ad. No. 200, 1999

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 17AB...............................

ad. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 17B.................................

ad. No. 200, 1999

 

am. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

Heading to s. 18..................

am. No. 200, 1999

 

rs. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 18....................................

am. No. 200, 1999

 

rs. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

Heading to s. 19..................

am. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 19....................................

am. No. 152, 1995

 

rs. No. 200, 1999

 

am. No. 81, 2001 (as am. by No. 63, 2002)

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

Heading to s. 20..................

am. No. 200, 1999

 

rs. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 20....................................

am. No. 201, 1997

 

rs. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

Div. 1A of Part 3 .................

ad. No. 200, 1999

 

rep. No. 81, 2001

Ss. 20A–20D.......................

ad. No. 200, 1999

 

rep. No. 81, 2001

Heading to Div. 2 of Part 3..

rs. No. 200, 1999

 

rep. No. 81, 2001

Div. 2 of Part 3 ...................

rep. No. 81, 2001

S. 23A.................................

ad. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

Div. 5 of Part 3 ...................

ad. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 25A.................................

ad. No. 200, 1999

 

rep. No. 81, 2001

Div. 2A of Part 3 .................

ad. No. 200, 1999

 

rep. No. 81, 2001

Ss. 28A–28D.......................

ad. No. 200, 1999

 

rs. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 30A.................................

ad. No. 200, 1999

 

am. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 30B.................................

ad. No. 200, 1999

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 36A.................................

ad. No. 201, 1997

 

am. No. 200, 1999; No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 42....................................

am. No. 152, 1995; No. 201, 1997; No. 200, 1999

 

rep. No. 81, 2001

S. 56....................................

rep. No. 152, 1997

S. 59....................................

rep. No. 152, 1997

S. 61....................................

am. No. 81, 2001

 

rep. No. 98, 2007

S. 65....................................

rep. No. 111, 2001

S. 71....................................

am. No. 211, 1991

 

rep. No. 200, 1999


Note 2

Food Standards Australia New Zealand Amendment Act 2007 (No. 98, 2007)

The following amendments commence on 28 December 2008 unless proclaimed earlier:

Schedule 2

1  Subsection 4(1)

Insert:

High Level Health Claims Committee means a committee established under subsection 118(1A) to give advice on applications or proposals to make a high level health claims variation.

2  Subsection 4(1)

Insert:

high level health claims variation means a variation, the only effect of which is to make a change to the list of high level health claims, as defined for the purposes of the Nutrition, Health and Related Claims Standard, that may be made under that standard.

3  Subsection 4(1)

Insert:

Nutrition, Health and Related Claims Standard means the Nutrition, Health and Related Claims Standard as in force from time to time, or any standard in force in substitution for that standard.

4  Subsection 24(1)

After “under paragraph 26(1)(a)”, insert “or 47(1)(a)”.

5  Subsection 24(3)

After “under section 28”, insert “or 51”.

6  Section 25

Before “The”, insert “(1)”.

7  After paragraph 25(b)

Insert:

                     (c)  the application is one to which Subdivision G applies (application for a high level health claims variation); or

8  At the end of section 25

Add:

Where an application for a high level health claims variation is included in an application for a variation of another kind

             (2)  If a person applies for a high level health claims variation and a variation of another kind in a single application, then, for the purposes of this Act, the person is taken to have made an application for a high level health claims variation and a separate application for the other kind of variation.

9  At the end of Division 1 of Part 3

Add:

Subdivision GProcedure for certain variations of the Nutrition, Health and Related Claims Standard

46  Application of Subdivision

                   This Subdivision applies to an application if:

                     (a)  the application is made for the variation of the Nutrition, Health and Related Claims Standard; and

                     (b)  the variation sought is a high level health claims variation.

Note:          If an application to vary the Nutrition, Health and Related Claims Standard would not involve a change to the list of high level health claims that may be made under the Standard, the general procedure applies—see Subdivisions D, E and F.

47  Accepting the application

             (1)  The Authority must, within 15 business days after the application is given to the Authority:

                     (a)  accept the application; or

                     (b)  reject the application.

             (2)  In determining whether to accept or reject the application, the Authority must have regard to the following matters:

                     (a)  whether the application complies with subsection 22(2);

                     (b)  whether the application is so similar to a previous application or proposal for a high level health claims variation that it ought to be rejected;

                     (c)  any other relevant matter.

             (3)  If an application is rejected because it does not comply with subsection 22(2), the application must be disregarded for the purposes of determining whether a later application or proposal for the variation of the standard is so similar to a previous application or proposal that the later application ought to be rejected.

48  Notice of acceptance

             (1)  If the Authority accepts the application, the Authority must notify the applicant immediately in writing:

                     (a)  that the application has been accepted; and

                     (b)  in the case of an applicant who has applied for the variation of a standard and on whom an exclusive capturable commercial benefit would be conferred if the standard were made or varied in the manner sought in the application:

                              (i)  that the applicant must pay the charge fixed under subparagraph 146(6)(b)(i) or, if the charge is payable in instalments, the first instalment of the charge, within 20 business days after the notification is given; and

                             (ii)  that the application will be rejected if the charge, or the first instalment of the charge, is not paid within that period; and

                     (c)  in any other case—that the applicant may, if the applicant elects to have the consideration of the application expedited, pay the charge fixed under subparagraph 146(6)(b)(ii) or, if the charge is payable in instalments, the first instalment of the charge.

             (2)  The Authority must give notice in writing to the applicant:

                     (a)  identifying the procedure that the Authority will adopt in considering the application; and

                     (b)  indicating when the Authority proposes to undertake the key steps in the procedure;

within:

                     (c)  if the applicant pays a charge, or the first instalment of a charge, mentioned in paragraph (1)(b) within the period mentioned in that paragraph—5 business days after that payment; or

                     (d)  if the applicant pays a charge, or the first instalment of a charge, mentioned in paragraph (1)(c), within 20 business days after notice is given to the applicant under subsection (1) (the early payment period)—5 business days after that payment; or

                     (e)  in any other case—within 25 business days after notice is given to the applicant under subsection (1).

             (3)  If the applicant pays a charge, or the first instalment of a charge, mentioned in paragraph (1)(c) after the end of the early payment period, the Authority must, within 5 business days after that payment, again give the applicant notice of the matters mentioned in subsection (2), including an update on when the Authority now proposes to undertake the key steps in the procedure.

49  Notice of the application to expert committee and Food Regulation Standing Committee

             (1)  If the Authority accepts the application, the Authority must also give notice of the matters mentioned in subsection (2) to:

                     (a)  the High Level Health Claims Committee established for the purpose of making recommendations on the application, or applications of that kind; and

                     (b)  the Food Regulation Standing Committee.

Content of notice

             (2)  The notice must:

                     (a)  state that the Authority has received an application for a high level health claims variation; and

                     (b)  state the date on which the application was received by the Authority; and

                     (c)  state the name of the applicant; and

                     (d)  give a summary of the application; and

                     (e)  state that the Authority has accepted the application; and

                      (f)  identify the procedure that the Authority will adopt in considering the application; and

                     (g)  indicate when the Authority proposes to undertake the key steps in that procedure.

Period within which notice must be given

             (3)  The notice must be given:

                     (a)  if the applicant pays a charge, or the first instalment of a charge, mentioned in subparagraph 48(1)(b)(i) within the period mentioned in that subparagraph—within 5 business days after that payment; or

                     (b)  if the applicant pays a charge mentioned in paragraph 48(1)(c) within 20 business days after notice is given to the applicant under section 48 (the early payment period)—within 5 business days after that payment; or

                     (c)  in any other case—within 25 business days after notice is given to the applicant under section 48.

Exclusive capturable commercial benefit—fee not paid

             (4)  If an applicant:

                     (a)  who applies for a high level health claims variation; and

                     (b)  on whom an exclusive capturable commercial benefit would be conferred if the standard were made or varied in the manner sought in the application;

does not pay the charge, or the first instalment of the charge, mentioned in subparagraph 48(1)(b)(i) within the period mentioned in that subparagraph:

                     (c)  the Authority must reject the application; and

                     (d)  the Authority need not give notice under this section.

Fee to expedite consideration paid after early payment period

             (5)  If an applicant pays a charge, or the first instalment of a charge, mentioned in paragraph 48(1)(c) after the end of the early payment period, the Authority must, within 5 business days after that payment, again give public notice of the matters mentioned in subsection (2), including an update on when the Authority now proposes to undertake the key steps in the procedure.

50  Considering the application

             (1)  The Authority must consider whether to approve a draft high level health claims variation.

             (2)  Before approving such a draft variation, the Authority must:

                     (a)  be satisfied that the approval of the draft variation will meet the following objectives:

                              (i)  the protection of public health and safety;

                             (ii)  the provision of adequate information relating to food to enable consumers to make informed choices;

                            (iii)  the prevention of misleading or deceptive conduct; and

                     (b)  assess the draft variation against the criteria set out in the Nutrition, Health and Related Claims Standard in relation to high level health claims, taking into account any recommendations made by the High Level Health Claims Committee in relation to the draft variation or the application that resulted in the draft variation; and

                     (c)  take into account any submission made on behalf of a jurisdiction represented on the Food Regulation Standing Committee in relation to the draft variation or the application that resulted in the draft variation; and

                     (d)  if the applicant has elected that the Authority give public notice under section 51 calling for submissions, consider all submissions made during the submission period.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  the Authority prepares a draft high level health claims variation; and

                     (b)  the draft variation differs from that sought in the application as a result of which it was prepared, or was not sought in the application at all;

the Authority must give the applicant notice in writing of that fact and, if the applicant has elected that the Authority give public notice calling for submissions under section 51, state in the notice that the Authority will call for submissions for the purpose of assessing the draft variation.

             (4)  The Authority must not give public notice calling for submissions under section 51 within 10 business days immediately after notice is given under subsection (3) of this section.

51  Calling for submissions

             (1)  When applying for a high level health claims variation, the applicant may elect to have the Authority give public notice under this section calling for submissions.

             (2)  If the applicant has made an election under subsection (1), the Authority must give public notice of the matters mentioned in subsection (3).

             (3)  The notice must:

                     (a)  state that the Authority has prepared a draft high level health claims variation; and

                     (b)  include a copy of the draft variation, or state how a copy of the draft variation can be obtained; and

                     (c)  call for written submissions, for the purpose of the Authority’s consideration of the draft variation, to be given to the Authority within the period specified in the notice (the submission period).

52  Approving the draft variation in relation to high level health claims

             (1)  After considering whether to approve a draft high level health claims variation and, if notice calling for submissions is given under section 51, after the submission period, the Authority must:

                     (a)  do one of the following:

                              (i)  approve the draft high level health claims variation;

                             (ii)  reject the draft high level health claims variation; and

                     (b)  prepare a report under this section.

Note:          The Board must not delegate its powers to act on behalf of the Authority under paragraph (a)—see section 150.

             (2)  The report must include each of the following:

                     (a)  the reasons for initially accepting the application;

                     (b)  a summary of the recommendations (if any) of the High Level Health Claims Committee in relation to the application and each draft variation that resulted from the application;

                     (c)  a summary of the submissions (if any) made by members of the Food Regulation Standing Committee in relation to the application and each draft variation that resulted from the application;

                     (d)  a summary of the submissions (if any) received by the Authority within the submission period in response to a notice under section 51, if such notice was given;

                     (e)  the Authority’s response to the issues raised in those submissions;

                      (f)  the Authority’s reasons for approving the draft variation or rejecting the application.

53  Notifying the Council

             (1)  If the Authority approves a draft high level health claims variation, the Authority must, within 10 business days after the approval:

                     (a)  give the Council:

                              (i)  a written notification of the approval; and

                             (ii)  a copy of the report prepared by the Authority under section 52; and

                     (b)  if submissions were called for under section 51—give public notice of the decision.

             (2)  If the Authority has notified the Council under subsection (1), the Council may direct the Authority to give the Council such information as the Council reasonably requires for the purpose of assisting the Council to make a decision about the draft under Division 3.

Note:          The process followed by the Council after receiving notification under this section is set out in Division 3.

10  Subsection 56(2)

After “under section 58”, insert “ or 77”.

11  After paragraph 57(b)

Insert:

                     (c)  the proposal is one to which Subdivision G applies (proposal for a high level health claims variation); or

12  After Subdivision F of Division 2 of Part 3

Add:

Subdivision GProcedure for certain variations of the Nutrition, Health and Related Claims Standard

74  Application of Subdivision

                   This Subdivision applies to a proposal if:

                     (a)  the proposal is for the variation of the Nutrition, Health and Related Claims Standard; and

                     (b)  the variation proposed is a high level health claims variation.

Note:          If a proposal to vary the Nutrition, Health and Related Claims Standard would not involve a change to the list of high level health claims that may be made under the Standard, the general procedure applies—see Subdivisions D, E and F.

75  Notice of the proposal

             (1)  The Authority must give public notice of the matters mentioned in subsection (3).

             (2)  The Authority must also give notice of the matters mentioned in subsection (3) to:

                     (a)  the High Level Health Claims Committee established for the purpose of making recommendations on the proposal, or proposals of that kind; and

                     (b)  the Food Regulation Standing Committee.

             (3)  The notice must:

                     (a)  state that the Authority proposes to make a high level health claims variation; and

                     (b)  give a summary of the proposal; and

                     (c)  identify the procedure that the Authority will adopt in considering the proposal; and

                     (d)  indicate when the Authority proposes to undertake the key steps in that procedure.

76  Considering the proposal

             (1)  The Authority must consider whether to approve a draft high level health claims variation.

             (2)  Before approving such a draft variation, the Authority must:

                     (a)  be satisfied that the approval of the draft variation will meet the following objectives:

                              (i)  the protection of public health and safety;

                             (ii)  the provision of adequate information relating to food to enable consumers to make informed choices;

                            (iii)  the prevention of misleading or deceptive conduct; and

                     (b)  assess the draft variation against the criteria set out in the Nutrition, Health and Related Claims Standard in relation to high level health claims, taking into account any recommendations made by the High Level Health Claims Committee in relation to the draft variation or the proposal that resulted in the draft variation; and

                     (c)  take into account any submission made on behalf of a jurisdiction represented on the Food Regulation Standing Committee in relation to the draft variation or the proposal that resulted in the draft variation; and

                     (d)  all submissions made during the submission period.

77  Calling for submissions

             (1)  The Authority must give public notice of the matters mentioned in subsection (3) before a high level health claims variation is approved as a result of a proposal.

             (2)  The Authority must also give notice of the matters mentioned in subsection (3) to the Food Regulation Standing Committee before a high level health claims variation is approved.

             (3)  The notice must:

                     (a)  state that the Authority has prepared a draft high level health claims variation; and

                     (b)  include a copy of the draft variation, or state how a copy of the draft variation can be obtained; and

                     (c)  call for written submissions, for the purpose of the Authority’s consideration of the draft variation, to be given to the Authority within the period specified in the notice (the submission period).

78  Approving the draft variation in relation to high level health claims

             (1)  After the submission period, the Authority must:

                     (a)  do one of the following:

                              (i)  approve a draft high level health claims variation;

                             (ii)  abandon the proposal to vary the list; and

                     (b)  prepare a report under this section.

Note:          The Board must not delegate its powers to act on behalf of the Authority under paragraph (a)—see section 150.

             (2)  The report must include each of the following:

                     (a)  the reasons for initially preparing the proposal;

                     (b)  a summary of the recommendations (if any) of the High Level Health Claims Committee in relation to the proposal and each draft variation that resulted from the proposal;

                     (c)  a summary of the submissions (if any) made by members of the Food Regulation Standing Committee in relation to the proposal and each draft variation that resulted from the proposal;

                     (d)  a summary of the submissions (if any) received by the Authority within the submission period in response to a notice under section 77;

                     (e)  the Authority’s response to the issues raised in those recommendations and submissions;

                      (f)  the Authority’s reasons for approving the draft variation or abandoning the proposal.

79  Notifying the Council

             (1)  If the Authority approves a draft high level health claims variation, the Authority must, within 10 business days after the approval:

                     (a)  give the Council:

                              (i)  a written notification of the approval; and

                             (ii)  a copy of the report prepared by the Authority under section 78; and

                     (b)  if submissions were called for under section 77—give public notice of the decision.

             (2)  If the Authority has notified the Council under subsection (1), the Council may direct the Authority to give the Council such information as the Council reasonably requires for the purpose of assisting the Council to make a decision about the draft under Division 3.

Note:          The process followed by the Council after receiving notification under this section is set out in Division 3.

13  Subsection 84(1)

Omit “under section 34, 41, 64 or 69”, substitute “under section 34, 41, 53, 64, 69 or 79”.

14  Paragraph 95(6)(a)

Omit “F”, substitute “G”.

15  Subsection 108(3)

After “under section 28”, insert “or 51”.

16  Subsection 109(1)

After “under section 26”, insert “or 47”.

17  Paragraph 110(2)(b)

After “under section 28”, insert “or 51”.

18  Paragraph 110(5)(a)

After “under section 58”, insert “or 77”.

19  At the end of subsection 111(1)

Add “, other than an application for a high level health claims variation”.

20  Subsection 112(2)

After “under section 28”, insert “or 51”.

21  Subsection 112(4)

After “under section 58”, insert “or 77”.

22  After subsection 118(1)

Insert:

          (1A)  The Board may establish such committees as it thinks fit to make recommendations on applications or proposals for a high level health claims variation.

          (1B)  The Authority must not consider an application or proposal for a high level health claim variation, unless a committee is established to consider the application or proposal, or applications or proposals of that kind.

23  Subsection 118(4)

After “(1),”, insert “(1A),”.

24  After paragraph 129(3)(c)

Insert:

                     (d)  paragraph 52(1)(a); or

25  After paragraph 129(3)(g)

Insert:

                     (h)  paragraph 78(1)(a); or

26  After subparagraph 143(1)(a)(ii)

Insert:

                            (iii)  a decision by the Authority under paragraph 47(1)(b) to reject an application, other than a decision to reject the application because it does not comply with subsection 22(2); or

27  After paragraph 150(1)(c)

Insert:

                     (d)  paragraph 52(1)(a); or

28  After paragraph 150(1)(g)

Insert:

                     (h)  paragraph 78(1)(a); or

29  After paragraph 152(c)

Insert:

                     (d)  the number of applications that were considered under Subdivision G of Division 1 of Part 3 during that year; and

30  Paragraph 152(o)

Omit “, F”, substitute “, F, G”.

31  Paragraph 152(p)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (p)  the average number of days that have elapsed:

                              (i)  between the preparation of a proposal under section 55 to which Subdivision G of Division 1 of Part 3 does not apply and the commencement of the assessment of the proposal under section 59; and

                             (ii)  between the preparation of a proposal under section 81 and the commencement of the assessment of the proposal under section 59; and

32  Subparagraph 152(t)(ii)

Repeal the subparagraph, substitute:

                             (ii)  section 41;

                            (iii)  section 52; and

The following amendments commence on the day on which an amendment of the Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of New Zealand Establishing a System for the Development of Joint Food Standards, signed at Wellington on 5 December 1995, enters into force to reduce from two to one the number of occasions on which the Council may request the Authority to review a draft standard or a draft variation of a standard. However, the amendments may not commence at all, see subsection 2(1) (item 8):

Schedule 3

1  Subsection 33(1) (note)

Omit “Note”, substitute “Note 1”.

2  At the end of subsection 33(1)

Add:

Note 2:       The draft does not take effect except in accordance with a notice under section 92—see section 93.

3  Subsection 63(1)(note)

Omit “Note”, substitute “Note 1”.

4  At the end of subsection 63(1)

Add:

Note 2:       The draft does not take effect except in accordance with a notice under section 93.

5  Division 3 of Part 3

Repeal the Division, substitute:

Division 3Council review of draft standards and draft variations of standards

84  Council may request a review

             (1)  If the Authority notifies the Council under section 34, 41, 64 or 69 that the Authority has approved a draft standard or draft variation (with or without amendments), the Council must, within 60 days after the notification:

                     (a)  request the Authority to review the draft; or

                     (b)  inform the Authority that the Council does not intend to request the Authority to review the draft.

             (2)  In exercising its powers under this section in relation to a draft standard or variation, the Council must comply with:

                     (a)  the Food Regulation Agreement; and

                     (b)  the Australia New Zealand Joint Food Standards Agreement.

85  Review not requested

                   If the Council informs the Authority under paragraph 84(1)(b) that the Council does not intend to request the Authority to review a draft standard or draft variation then, as soon as practicable, the Authority must comply with the publication requirements set out in section 92.

86  Review requested

             (1)  If the Council requests the Authority to review a draft standard or draft variation, the Council must inform the Authority of the Council’s concerns with the draft.

             (2)  The Council may give to the Authority such directions as it thinks fit in relation to the conduct of a review of a draft standard or draft variation.

             (3)  A direction under subsection (2) is not a legislative instrument.

87  Authority to respond to request

             (1)  If the Council requests the Authority to review a draft standard or draft variation:

                     (a)  a review is to be conducted, subject to any directions given under subsection 86(2), in such manner as the Authority considers appropriate; and

                     (b)  the Authority must complete the review, and make a decision under subsection (2):

                              (i)  within 3 months after the request was made; or

                             (ii)  if the Council allows a longer period—within that longer period.

             (2)  After completing a review under this section of a draft standard or draft variation, the Authority must:

                     (a)  decide to re‑affirm its approval of the draft; or

                     (b)  decide to re‑affirm its approval of the draft, subject to such amendments as the Authority considers necessary; or

                     (c)  decide to withdraw its approval of the draft.

Note:          The Board must not delegate its powers to act on behalf of the Authority under this subsection—see section 150.

             (3)  The Authority must give to the Council, within 10 business days of making its decision:

                     (a)  written notice of the terms of the Authority’s decision; and

                     (b)  the Authority’s reasons for making that decision.

88  Council may amend or reject draft after review

             (1)  If the Authority notifies the Council of a decision made under paragraph 87(2)(a) or (b), the Council must, within 60 days after the notification:

                     (a)  inform the Authority that the Council does not intend to amend or reject the draft; or

                     (b)  by written instrument, amend the draft; or

                     (c)  reject the draft.

             (2)  An instrument made under paragraph (1)(b) is not a legislative instrument.

89  Council does not intend to amend or reject the draft

                   If the Council informs the Authority under paragraph 88(1)(a) that it does not intend to amend or reject a draft standard or draft variation then, as soon as practicable, the Authority must comply with the publication requirements set out in section 92.

90  Council amends the draft

             (1)  Before amending a draft standard or draft variation under paragraph 88(1)(b), the Council must give the Authority an opportunity to submit to the Council a draft of the text of the amendment.

             (2)  As soon as practicable after the Council decides to amend a draft standard or draft variation, the Council must inform the Authority that the Council has amended the draft, and give the Authority a copy of the amended draft.

             (3)  The Authority must, as soon as practicable after being informed of the amendment, comply with the publication requirements set out in section 92.

91  Council rejects the draft

                   If the Council decides to reject a draft standard or draft variation under paragraph 88(1)(c), the Council must:

                     (a)  prepare a notice setting out that decision and reasons for that decision; and

                     (b)  give the Authority a copy of the notice; and

                     (c)  publish a copy of the notice:

                              (i)  on the Internet; and

                             (ii)  in a generally circulating newspaper, in each State or Territory and in New Zealand.

92  Publication requirements

                   The publication requirements for the purposes of sections 85 and 89 and subsection 90(3) are as follows:

                     (a)  the Authority must prepare a notice stating that the draft or amended draft, as the case requires, is to come into effect on a day specified in the notice;

                     (b)  the Authority must cause a copy of the notice to be published:

                              (i)  in the Gazette; and

                             (ii)  in the New Zealand Gazette; and

                            (iii)  in a generally circulating newspaper, in each State or Territory and in New Zealand;

                            together with information about where a copy of the draft or amended draft may be obtained or inspected;

                     (c)  the Authority must make a copy of:

                              (i)  the notice; and

                             (ii)  the text of the draft or the amended draft;

                            available for inspection by the public;

                     (d)  the Authority must publish on the Authority’s Internet site a copy of:

                              (i)  the notice; and

                             (ii)  the text of the draft or the amended draft.

93  When a standard or variation takes effect

                   A standard, or variation of a standard, takes effect on the day specified in the notice given under section 92.

94  Standards are legislative instruments, but not subject to disallowance or sunsetting

                   A standard, or a variation of a standard, in relation to which a notice is published under section 92 is a legislative instrument, but section 42 and Part 6 of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003 do not apply to the standard or variation.

6  Section 105

Repeal the section.

7  Subsection 106(1)

Omit “, after a second review,”.

8  Paragraph 129(3)(i)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                      (i)  subsection 87(2); or

9  Paragraph 150(1)(i)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                      (i)  subsection 87(2); or

The following amendment commences immediately after the commencement of Part 1 of Schedule 3. However, the amendment may not commence at all, see subsection 2(1) (item 9):

Schedule 3

10  Subsection 84(1)

Omit “under section 34, 41, 64 or 69”, substitute “under section 34, 41, 53, 64, 69 or 79”.

As at 11 July 2007 the amendments are not incorporated in this compilation.


Table A

Application, saving or transitional provisions

Australia New Zealand Food Authority Amendment Act (No. 2) 1997
(No. 201, 1997)

Schedule 1 

48  Application of amendment made by item 35

The amendment made by item 35 applies to the members of the Authority (including the Chairperson) who hold office on the commencement of that item and to all members appointed after then.

49  General transitional provisions

(1)        Things done before the CEO commencement in, or in relation to, the exercise of the Chairperson’s powers, or the Authority’s powers, referred to in a pre‑CEO provision have effect, after the CEO commencement, as if they were done in, or in relation to, the exercise of the Chief Executive Officer’s powers referred to in the corresponding amended CEO provision.

(2)        A member of the Food Advisory Committee who held office as such a member immediately before the CEO commencement because of an appointment under paragraph 42(4)(e) of the old Act continues to hold office after that commencement as if the appointment were under that paragraph of the amended Act.

(3)        An agreement referred to in subsection 65A(1) of the old Act that was in force immediately before the CEO commencement continues to have effect after that commencement as if it were an agreement referred to in that subsection of the amended Act.

(4)        For this purpose:

amended Act means the Australia New Zealand Food Authority Act 1991 as in force after the CEO commencement.

amended CEO provision means any of the following provisions of the amended Act:

                     (a)  section 39;

                     (b)  section 53;

                     (c)  section 54.

CEO commencement means the commencement of item 36.

Old Act means the Australia New Zealand Food Authority Act 1991 as in force before the CEO commencement.

pre‑CEO provision means any of the following provisions of the old Act:

                     (a)  section 39;

                     (b)  section 53;

                     (c)  section 54.

 

Australia New Zealand Food Authority Amendment Act 1999 (No. 200, 1999)

Schedule 1 

67  Saving—regulations under paragraph 9(f)

Despite the repeal of paragraph 9(1)(f) of the Principal Act by item 12, a regulation in force under that paragraph as in force immediately before the commencement of that item continues in force after that commencement as if it had been made under paragraph 9(1)(p) of the Principal Act as in force after that commencement.

68  Saving—nominations under paragraphs 42(4)(b) and (c)

Despite the amendments of paragraphs 42(4)(b) and 42(4)(c) of the Principal Act made by items 56 and 57, nominations under those paragraphs as in force immediately before the commencement of this item continue in force after that commencement as if they had been made under those paragraphs as in force after that commencement.

69  Transitional—application of amendments

To the extent that the amendments made by this Schedule relate to draft standards, or draft variations of standards, that may be developed under the Principal Act, the amendments apply only to:

                     (a)  applications for the development of such standards, or variations of standards, that are made on or after the commencement of this item; and

                     (b)  proposals for the development of such standards, or variations of standards, that are initiated on or after the commencement of this item.

70  Meaning of Principal Act

In this Part:

Principal Act means the Australia New Zealand Food Authority Act 1991.

 

Australia New Zealand Food Authority Amendment Act 2001 (No. 81, 2001)

2  Commencement

             (6)  In this section:

Australia New Zealand Joint Food Standards Agreement means the Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of New Zealand Establishing a System for the Development of Joint Food Standards, signed at Wellington on 5 December 1995.

Schedule 1

33  Transitional—validity of food regulatory measures

To avoid doubt, the amendments of section 9 of the Australia New Zealand Food Authority Act 1991 made by this Part do not affect the validity of a food regulatory measure in force immediately before the commencement of this item.

120A  Transitional—making of regulations for the nomination of Board members

(1)        A power conferred by paragraph 40(3)(b) or 40(4)(b) of the Australia New Zealand Food Authority Act 1991 as amended by this Schedule to make regulations in relation to the nomination of persons for selection as members of the Board may be exercised before the commencement of those provisions as if those provisions had come into operation.

(2)        Subitem (1) has effect despite anything in the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

(3)        Subitem (1) has effect in addition to section 4 of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

Schedule 1

124  Transitional—termination of existing appointments

If a person held office as a member (other than the Chief Executive Officer) immediately before the commencement of this item, the member’s appointment is terminated at the commencement of this item.

133  Transitional—abolition of existing committees

If a committee established under section 43 of the Australia New Zealand Food Authority Act 1991 was in existence immediately before the commencement of this item, the committee is abolished at the commencement of this item.

147  Transitional—appointment of Chief Executive Officer

(1)        This item applies if a person held office as the Chief Executive Officer immediately before the commencement of this item because of an appointment under subsection 52A(2) of the Australia New Zealand Food Authority Act 1991.

(2)        The person continues to hold that office, as if that appointment were an appointment under the corresponding provision of the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991, until:

                     (a)  the end of the period of 6 months beginning at the commencement of this item; or

                     (b)  the Board re‑appoints the person to that office; or

                     (c)  the Board appoints another person to that office;

whichever first happens.

153  Transitional—determination of terms and conditions for Chief Executive Officer

(1)        This item applies if a determination was in force under section 52F of the Australia New Zealand Food Authority Act 1991 immediately before the commencement of this item.

(2)        The Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991 has effect, after the commencement of this item, as if the determination had been made by the Board under section 52F of that Act.

155  Transitional—appointment of acting Chief Executive Officer during a vacancy

(1)        This item applies if a person was acting as the Chief Executive Officer immediately before the commencement of this item because of an appointment under paragraph 52G(1)(a) of the Australia New Zealand Food Authority Act 1991.

(2)        The person continues to act as the Chief Executive Officer, as if that appointment were an appointment under the corresponding provision of the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991, until:

                     (a)  the end of the period of 6 months beginning at the commencement of this item; or

                     (b)  the Board terminates the person’s appointment; or

                     (c)  the Board appoints the person, or another person, to the office of Chief Executive Officer under subsection 52A(2) of the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991;

whichever first happens.

156  Transitional—appointment of acting Chief Executive Officer during temporary absence etc.

(1)        This item applies if a person was acting as the Chief Executive Officer immediately before the commencement of this item because of an appointment under paragraph 52G(1)(b) of the Australia New Zealand Food Authority Act 1991.

(2)        The person continues to act as the Chief Executive Officer, as if that appointment were an appointment under the corresponding provision of the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991, until:

                     (a)  the end of the period of 6 months beginning at the commencement of this item; or

                     (b)  the Board terminates the person’s appointment; or

                     (c)  the Chief Executive Officer returns to duty;

whichever first happens.

163  Transitional—agreement under section 65A of the Australia New Zealand Food Authority Act 1991

(1)        This item applies to an agreement in force under section 65A of the Australia New Zealand Food Authority Act 1991 immediately before the commencement of this item.

(2)        The agreement has effect, after the commencement of this item, as if it had been entered into between the Authority and the lead New Zealand Minister on the Council under section 65A of the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991.

168  Transitional—exemption from suit

Despite the amendments of section 68 of the Australia New Zealand Food Authority Act 1991 made by this Part, that section continues to apply, after the commencement of this item, in relation to a member of the Authority, as if those amendments had not been made.

172  Transitional—annual report in the course of preparation immediately before this item commenced

To avoid doubt, if, immediately before the commencement of this item, the members of the Australia New Zealand Food Authority had not completed the preparation of an annual report under section 9 of the Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act 1997 for the last financial year that ended before the commencement of this item, the members of the Board are responsible, in accordance with that section, for:

                     (a)  completing the preparation of that report; and

                     (b)  giving the report to the Minister by the relevant deadline for the financial year.

173  Transitional—annual report for the financial year in which this item commenced

(1)        To avoid doubt, the obligations imposed on the members of the Board by:

                     (a)  section 9 of the Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act 1997; and

                     (b)  section 69 of the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991;

to prepare an annual report on the Authority for the financial year in which this item commenced extends to so much of the financial year as occurred before this item commenced (when the Authority was known as the Australia New Zealand Food Authority).

(2)        Despite the amendments of section 69 of the Australia New Zealand Food Authority Act 1991 made by this Part, that section continues to apply, after the commencement of this item, in relation to so much of that financial year as occurred before this item commenced, as if those amendments had not been made.

174  Transitional—certain draft standards etc. deemed to be notified to Council

(1)        This item applies if, before the commencement of this item:

                     (a)  ANZFA made a recommendation to the old Council under section 18 or 26 of the Australia New Zealand Food Authority Act 1991:

                              (i)  that the old Council adopt a draft standard or a draft variation of a standard; or

                             (ii)  that the old Council adopt a draft standard or a draft variation of a standard subject to such amendments as ANZFA considers necessary; and

                     (b)  the old Council had not made a decision under section 20 or 28 of that Act in relation to that recommendation.

(2)        The Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991 has effect after the commencement of this item, in relation to the draft, as if:

                     (a)  in a case where subparagraph (1)(a)(i) applies—FSANZ had approved the draft under section 18 of that Act; and

                     (b)  in a case where subparagraph (1)(a)(ii) applies—FSANZ had approved the draft under section 18 of that Act subject to those amendments; and

                     (c)  in all cases—FSANZ had notified the new Council of the approval under section 20 of that Act; and

                     (d)  paragraphs 20(1)(b), (c), (d), (e) and (f) of that Act had not been enacted.

(3)        As soon as practicable after the commencement of this item, FSANZ must:

                     (a)  prepare a written list of the drafts covered by subitem (1); and

                     (b)  give a copy of that list to the new Council.

(4)        In this item:

ANZFA means the Australia New Zealand Food Authority.

FSANZ means Food Standards Australia New Zealand.

new Council means the Australia and New Zealand Food Regulation Ministerial Council.

old Council means the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Council.

175  Transitional—applications pending immediately before this item commenced

(1)        For the purposes of this item, an application for the development or variation of a food regulatory measure is an eligible application if:

                     (a)  the application was made under section 12 of the old Act before the commencement of this item; and

                     (b)  the application was not withdrawn before that commencement; and

                     (c)  the application was not rejected before that commencement; and

                     (d)  in a case where the application was for the development or variation of a standard and a draft standard or draft variation was prepared as a result of the application—ANZFA neither:

                              (i)  made a recommendation to the old Council about the draft; nor

                             (ii)  made a decision about the draft under section 20A of the old Act;

                            before that commencement; and

                     (e)  in a case where the application was for the development or variation of a code of practice and a draft code of practice or a draft variation was developed as a result of the application—ANZFA neither:

                              (i)  approved the draft; nor

                             (ii)  rejected the draft;

                            before that commencement.

(2)        The eligible application lapses at the commencement of this item and, except as provided by this item, FSANZ is not to take any action under the new Act after that commencement in relation to:

                     (a)  the eligible application; or

                     (b)  any draft prepared as a result of the eligible application.

(3)        For the purposes of the new Act:

                     (a)  the eligible applicant is taken to have made an application (the fresh application) under section 12 of that Act in the same terms as the eligible application; and

                     (b)  the fresh application is taken to have been made immediately after the commencement of this item; and

                     (c)  if the eligible application was accompanied by information in support of the eligible application—the fresh application is taken to be accompanied by that information; and

                     (d)  if, under subsection 12(3) of the old Act, the applicant had provided a sample of the food to which the eligible application relates—the applicant is taken to have provided that sample in relation to the fresh application under subsection 12(3) of the new Act.

(4)        The applicant may, within 28 days after the commencement of this item, request FSANZ, in writing, to defer making a decision under section 13A of the new Act in relation to the application until the applicant gives FSANZ additional information to support the application. FSANZ must comply with that request.

(5)        If the applicant makes a request under subitem (4), the time taken by the applicant to provide the information is not to be included in the period set or prescribed for the purpose of subsection 35(1) of the new Act or set for the purposes of subsection 35(1A) or (3) of the new Act.

(6)        Subsections 35(1) and (1A) of the new Act have effect, in relation to the fresh application, as if a reference in those subsections to 12 months were a reference to 15 months.

(7)        If ANZFA made a preliminary assessment of the eligible application before the commencement of this item, FSANZ is taken to have made an initial assessment of the fresh application.

(8)        If, before the commencement of this item, any submissions had been made to ANZFA about the eligible application in response to a notice given under section 13A or 14 of the old Act, those submissions have effect as if they had been made to FSANZ about the fresh application in response to a notice given under section 13A or 14 of the new Act.

(9)        If notice is given under section 13A or 14 of the new Act in relation to the fresh application, the notice must set out an explanation of the effect of subitem (8).

(10)      If:

                     (a)  FSANZ accepts the fresh application under section 13A of the new Act; and

                     (b)  ANZFA had:

                              (i)  made a full assessment of the eligible application before the commencement of this item; and

                             (ii)  prepared a draft food regulatory measure or a draft variation of a food regulatory measure before the commencement of this item;

FSANZ is taken to have made a draft assessment of the fresh application if it reviews the full assessment having regard to:

                     (c)  any submissions made to it in response to a notice given under section 13A or 14 of the new Act in relation to the fresh application, being submissions that were not considered in making the full assessment; and

                     (d)  the matter set out in paragraph 10(2)(e) of the new Act.

(11)      If, before the commencement of this item, any submissions had been made to ANZFA in response to a notice given under section 16 or 17 of the old Act in relation to the eligible application, those submissions have effect as if they had been made to FSANZ in response to a notice given under section 16 or 17 of the new Act in relation to the fresh application.

(12)      If notice is given under section 16 or 17 of the new Act in relation to the fresh application, the notice must set out an explanation of the effect of subitem (11).

(13)      If ANZFA held an inquiry in relation to the eligible application before the commencement of this item, FSANZ is taken to have made a final assessment in relation to the draft that resulted from the fresh application if it reviews the inquiry having regard to:

                     (a)  any submissions made to it in response to a notice given under section 16 or 17 of the new Act in relation to the draft that resulted from the fresh application, being submissions that were not considered in holding the inquiry; and

                     (b)  the matter set out in paragraph 10(2)(e) of the new Act.

(14)      If, before the commencement of this item, the applicant paid ANZFA a charge fixed under section 66 of the old Act for a service provided in relation to the eligible application:

                     (a)  if the service was provided before the commencement of this item—the applicant is taken to have paid FSANZ the charge fixed under section 66 of the new Act for the corresponding service in relation to the fresh application; and

                     (b)  if the service was not provided before the commencement of this item—FSANZ must refund the charge unless the applicant elects to treat the payment as fully discharging the applicant’s liability to pay FSANZ the charge fixed under section 66 of the new Act for the corresponding service in relation to the fresh application.

(15)      For the purposes of subitem (14):

                     (a)  the service of making an initial assessment in relation to the fresh application corresponds to the service of making a preliminary assessment in relation to the eligible application; and

                     (b)  the service of making a draft assessment in relation to the fresh application corresponds to the service of making a full assessment in relation to the eligible application; and

                     (c)  the service of making a final assessment in relation to the fresh application corresponds to the service of holding an inquiry in relation to the eligible application; and

                     (d)  the service of the giving of notices under a provision of the new Act in relation to the fresh application corresponds to the service of the giving of notices under the corresponding provision of the old Act in relation to the eligible application; and

                     (e)  the service of the preparation of a draft food regulatory measure, or a draft variation of a food regulatory measure, in relation to the fresh application corresponds to the service of the preparation of a draft food regulatory measure, or a draft variation of a food regulatory measure, as the case requires, in relation to the eligible application.

(16)      If, under subitem (14), the applicant is taken to have paid FSANZ a charge referred to in subparagraph 12(2)(c)(i) or (ii) of the new Act in relation to the fresh application, the requirements of paragraph 12(2)(c) of the new Act are taken to have been met in relation to that charge.

(17)      If, under subitem (14), the applicant elects to treat a payment as fully discharging the applicant’s liability to pay FSANZ a charge referred to in subparagraph 12(2)(c)(i) or (ii) of the new Act in relation to the fresh application, the requirements of paragraph 12(2)(c) of the new Act are taken to have been met in relation to that charge.

(18)      If the eligible application was made before 23 December 1999:

                     (a)  the applicant is not liable to pay FSANZ a charge fixed under section 66 of the new Act for a service in relation to the fresh application; and

                     (b)  the new Act has effect, in relation to the fresh application, as if paragraph 12(2)(c) and subsections 15(2) and 16(4) had not been enacted.

(19)      If the eligible application was in a particular year of a 3 year plan, the fresh application is taken to be in the same year of the plan.

(20)      In this item:

ANZFA means the Australia New Zealand Food Authority.

FSANZ means Food Standards Australia New Zealand.

new Act means the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991, as in force at or after the commencement of this item.

old Act means the Australia New Zealand Food Authority Act 1991, as in force before the commencement of this item.

old Council means the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Council.

176  Transitional—proposals pending immediately before this item commenced

(1)        For the purposes of this item, a proposal for the development or variation of a food regulatory measure is an eligible proposal if:

                     (a)  the proposal was prepared under section 21 of the old Act before the commencement of this item; and

                     (b)  the proposal was not abandoned before that commencement; and

                     (c)  in a case where the proposal was for the development or variation of a standard and a draft standard or draft variation was prepared as a result of the proposal—ANZFA neither:

                              (i)  made a recommendation to the old Council about the draft; nor

                             (ii)  made a decision about the draft under section 28A of the old Act;

                            before that commencement; and

                     (d)  in a case where the proposal was for the development or variation of a code of practice and a draft code of practice or a draft variation was developed as a result of the proposal—ANZFA neither:

                              (i)  approved the draft; nor

                             (ii)  rejected the draft;

                            before that commencement.

(2)        The eligible proposal lapses at the commencement of this item and, except as provided by this item, FSANZ is not to take any action under the new Act after that commencement in relation to:

                     (a)  the eligible proposal; or

                     (b)  any draft prepared as a result of the eligible proposal.

(3)        For the purposes of the new Act:

                     (a)  FSANZ is taken to have prepared a proposal (the fresh proposal) under section 12AA of that Act in the same terms as the eligible proposal; and

                     (b)  the fresh proposal is taken to have been prepared immediately after the commencement of this item.

(4)        If, before the commencement of this item, any submissions had been made to ANZFA about the eligible proposal in response to a notice given under section 22 of the old Act, those submissions have effect as if they had been made to FSANZ about the fresh proposal in response to a notice given under section 14A of the new Act.

(5)        If notice is given under section 14A of the new Act in relation to the fresh proposal, the notice must set out an explanation of the effect of subitem (4).

(6)        If ANZFA had:

                     (a)  made a full assessment of the eligible proposal before the commencement of this item; and

                     (b)  prepared a draft food regulatory measure or a draft variation of a food regulatory measure before the commencement of this item;

FSANZ is taken to have made a draft assessment of the fresh proposal if it reviews the full assessment having regard to:

                     (c)  any submissions made to it in response to a notice given under section 14A of the new Act in relation to the fresh proposal, being submissions that were not considered in making the full assessment; and

                     (d)  the matter set out in paragraph 10(2)(e) of the new Act.

(7)        If, before the commencement of this item, any submissions had been made to ANZFA in response to a notice given under section 24 of the old Act in relation to the eligible proposal, those submissions have effect as if they had been made to FSANZ in response to a notice given under section 17AA of the new Act in relation to the fresh proposal.

(8)        If notice is given under section 17AA of the new Act in relation to the fresh proposal, the notice must set out an explanation of the effect of subitem (7).

(9)        If ANZFA held an inquiry in relation to the draft that resulted from the eligible proposal before the commencement of this item, FSANZ is taken to have made a final assessment of the fresh proposal if it reviews the inquiry having regard to.

                     (a)  any submissions made to it in response to a notice given under section 17AA of the new Act in relation to the draft that resulted from the fresh proposal, being submissions that were not considered in holding the inquiry; and

                     (b)  the matter set out in paragraph 10(2)(e) of the new Act.

(10)      If the eligible proposal was in a particular year of a 3 year plan, the fresh proposal is taken to be in the same year of the plan.

(11)      In this item:

ANZFA means the Australia New Zealand Food Authority.

FSANZ means Food Standards Australia New Zealand.

new Act means the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991, as in force at or after the commencement of this item.

old Act means the Australia New Zealand Food Authority Act 1991, as in force before the commencement of this item.

old Council means the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Council.

177  Transitional—regulations

(1)        The regulations may make provision for matters of a transitional nature relating to the amendments made by this Part.

(2)        The Governor‑General may make regulations for the purposes of subitem (1).

 

Health and Aged Care Legislation Amendment (Application of Criminal Code) Act 2001 (No. 111, 2001)

4  Application of amendments

             (1)  Each amendment made by this Act applies to acts and omissions that take place after the amendment commences.

             (2)  For the purposes of this section, if an act or omission is alleged to have taken place between 2 dates, one before and one on or after the day on which a particular amendment commences, the act or omission is alleged to have taken place before the amendment commences.

 

Food Standards Australia New Zealand Amendment Act 2007 (No. 98, 2007)

Schedule 1

77  Application

The amendments made by Parts 1 and 4 of this Schedule apply in relation to:

                     (a)  applications made after a period of 3 months, beginning on the day on which Part 4 of the Schedule commences, has elapsed; and

                     (b)  proposals prepared after a period of 3 months, beginning on the day on which Part 4 of the Schedule commences, has elapsed.

78  Annual reports

To avoid doubt, if, during a financial year to which a report on the Authority under section 9 of the Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act 1997 relates, the Authority considers:

                     (a)  applications and proposals to which this Schedule does not apply (earlier applications); and

                     (b)  applications and proposals to which it does apply (later applications);

the members must include in the report:

                     (c)  in relation to the earlier applications—particulars of the matters mentioned in section 69 of the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991, as in force immediately before the commencement of Part 3 of this Schedule; and

                     (d)  in relation to the later applications—particulars of the matters mentioned in section 152 of that Act, as in force on commencement of item 71 of this Schedule.


Table showing Sections of the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991 after renumbering by the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Amendment Act 2007 (No. 98, 2007).

Renumbering Table

NOTE—This Table does not form part of the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991 and is printed for convenience of reference only.


Old number

New number

Section

Section

1

1

2

2

2A

3

3

4

3A

5

3B

6

3C

7

3D

8

4

9

5

10

5A

11

6

12

7

13

8

14

(11) 8A

15

9

16

9A

17

10

18

(11A) 10A

19

(10A) 10B

20

39

114

39A

115

40

116

41

117

43

118

44

119

45

120

46

121

47

122

48

123

49

124

50

125

51

126

52

127

52A

128

52B

129

52C

130

52D

131

52E

132

52F

133

52G

134

53

135

54

136

55

138

57

139

58

140

60

141

62

142

63

143

64

144

65A

145

66

146

66A

147

66B

148

66C

149

67

150

68

151

69

152

70

153