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Workplace Relations Act 1996

  • - C2007C00082
  • In force - Superseded Version
  • View Series
Act No. 86 of 1988 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Act No. 163 of 2006
An Act relating to workplace relations, and for other purposes
Administered by: Attorney-General's; DEWR
Registered 01 Mar 2007
Start Date 01 Mar 2007
End Date 14 Mar 2007
Table of contents.

Workplace Relations Act 1996

Act No. 86 of 1988 as amended

This compilation was prepared on 1 March 2007
taking into account amendments up to Act No. 163 of 2006

Volume 1 includes:       Table of Contents
                                    Sections 1 – 919

The text of any of those amendments not in force
on that date is appended in the Notes section

The operation of amendments that have been incorporated may be
affected by application provisions that are set out in the Notes section

Volume 2 includes:       Table of Contents
                                    Schedules 1 – 10

Volume 3 includes:       Note 1
                                    Table of Acts
                                    Act Notes
                                    Table of Amendments
                                    Repeal Table
                                    Note 2
                                    Table A
                                    Renumbering Table

Prepared by the Office of Legislative Drafting and Publishing,
Attorney‑General’s Department, Canberra

 

 

 


Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                               1

1............ Short title [see Note 1]....................................................................... 1

2............ Commencement [see Note 1].............................................................. 1

3............ Principal object................................................................................... 1

4............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 2

5............ Employee.......................................................................................... 16

6............ Employer.......................................................................................... 17

7............ Employment..................................................................................... 18

8............ Schedules 1, 6, 7, 8 and 9 have effect............................................... 18

9............ Schedule 10 has effect....................................................................... 18

10.......... Act binds Crown.............................................................................. 19

11.......... Modifications for Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands.... 19

12.......... Exclusion of persons insufficiently connected with Australia......... 19

13.......... Extraterritorial application................................................................ 20

14.......... Act not to apply so as to exceed Commonwealth power................ 22

15.......... Application of Criminal Code.......................................................... 23

16.......... Act excludes some State and Territory laws.................................... 23

17.......... Awards, agreements and Commission orders prevail over State and Territory law etc.         25

18.......... Act may exclude State and Territory laws in other cases................. 26

Part 2—Australian Fair Pay Commission                                                                27

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                            27

19.......... Definitions........................................................................................ 27

Division 2—Australian Fair Pay Commission                                                28

Subdivision A—Establishment and functions                                                      28

20.......... Establishment................................................................................... 28

21.......... Functions of the AFPC.................................................................... 28

Subdivision B—AFPC’s wage‑setting function                                                   28

22.......... AFPC’s wage‑setting function......................................................... 28

23.......... AFPC’s wage‑setting parameters..................................................... 29

24.......... Wage reviews and wage‑setting decisions......................................... 29

25.......... Constitution of the AFPC for wage‑setting powers........................ 30

26.......... Publishing wage‑setting decisions etc............................................... 30

Subdivision C—Operation of the AFPC                                                                31

27.......... AFPC to determine its own procedures........................................... 31

28.......... Annual report................................................................................... 31

Subdivision D—AFPC Chair                                                                                   31

29.......... Appointment.................................................................................... 31

30.......... Remuneration.................................................................................... 31

31.......... Leave of absence............................................................................... 32

32.......... Engaging in other paid employment................................................. 32

33.......... Disclosure of interests...................................................................... 32

34.......... Resignation....................................................................................... 32

35.......... Termination of appointment............................................................ 32

36.......... Other terms and conditions.............................................................. 34

37.......... Acting AFPC Chair.......................................................................... 34

Subdivision E—AFPC Commissioners                                                                 35

38.......... Appointment.................................................................................... 35

39.......... Remuneration.................................................................................... 35

40.......... Leave of absence............................................................................... 35

41.......... Disclosure of interests...................................................................... 35

42.......... Resignation....................................................................................... 36

43.......... Termination of appointment............................................................ 36

44.......... Other terms and conditions.............................................................. 37

45.......... Acting AFPC Commissioners.......................................................... 37

Division 3—AFPC Secretariat                                                                               39

Subdivision A—Establishment and function                                                        39

46.......... Establishment................................................................................... 39

47.......... Function............................................................................................ 39

Subdivision B—Operation of the AFPC Secretariat                                          39

48.......... AFPC Chair may give directions...................................................... 39

49.......... Annual report................................................................................... 39

Subdivision C—The Director of the Secretariat                                                 40

50.......... Appointment.................................................................................... 40

51.......... Remuneration.................................................................................... 40

52.......... Leave of absence............................................................................... 40

53.......... Engaging in other paid employment................................................. 40

54.......... Disclosure of interests...................................................................... 40

55.......... Resignation....................................................................................... 41

56.......... Termination of appointment............................................................ 41

57.......... Other terms and conditions.............................................................. 42

58.......... Acting Director of the Secretariat..................................................... 42

Subdivision D—Staff and consultants                                                                   43

59.......... Staff.................................................................................................. 43

60.......... Consultants....................................................................................... 43

Part 3—Australian Industrial Relations Commission                                      44

Division 1—Establishment of Commission                                                     44

61.......... Establishment of Commission.......................................................... 44

62.......... Functions of Commission................................................................. 44

63.......... Appointment of Commission members etc...................................... 44

64.......... Qualifications for appointment........................................................ 45

65.......... Seniority........................................................................................... 46

66.......... Performance of duties on part‑time basis......................................... 46

67.......... Dual federal and State appointments................................................ 47

68.......... Performance of duties by dual federal and State appointees............ 48

69.......... Dual federal appointments............................................................... 48

70.......... Appointment of a Judge as President not to affect tenure etc......... 48

71.......... Tenure of Commission members...................................................... 49

72.......... Acting President............................................................................... 49

73.......... Acting Vice President....................................................................... 50

74.......... Acting Senior Deputy President....................................................... 50

75.......... Acting Deputy Presidents................................................................ 51

76.......... Oath or affirmation of office............................................................. 51

77.......... Discharge of Commission’s business............................................... 52

78.......... Duty of Commission members......................................................... 52

79.......... Remuneration and allowances of Presidential Members etc............. 52

80.......... Application of Judges’ Pensions Act............................................... 54

81.......... Remuneration and allowances of Commissioners............................. 55

82.......... Removal of Presidential Member from office................................... 56

83.......... Outside employment of Commissioner............................................ 56

84.......... Leave of absence of Commissioner................................................... 56

85.......... Disclosure of interest by Commission members.............................. 57

86.......... Termination of appointment of Commissioner................................ 58

87.......... Resignation by Commission member............................................... 58

Division 2—Organisation of Commission                                                        59

88.......... Manner in which Commission may be constituted.......................... 59

89.......... Powers exercisable by single member of Commission...................... 59

90.......... Functions and powers conferred on members.................................. 59

91.......... Exercise of Commission powers....................................................... 60

92.......... Continuation of hearing by Commission.......................................... 60

93.......... Commission divided in opinion........................................................ 61

94.......... Arrangement of business of Commission......................................... 61

95.......... Panels of Commission for particular industries................................ 62

96.......... Delegation by President.................................................................... 62

97.......... Protection of Commission members................................................. 63

98.......... Co‑operation with the States by President...................................... 63

99.......... Co‑operation with the States by Registrar....................................... 63

Division 3—Representation and intervention                                               64

100........ Representation of parties before Commission................................. 64

101........ Intervention generally....................................................................... 66

102........ Particular rights of intervention of Minister..................................... 66

Division 4—General matters relating to the powers and procedures of the Commission          67

Subdivision A—General matters Commission to take into account                67

103........ Commission to take into account the public interest....................... 67

104........ Commission to take into account discrimination issues................... 67

105........ Commission to take account of Racial Discrimination Act, Sex Discrimination Act, Disability Discrimination Act and Age Discrimination Act.................................................................... 68

106........ Commission to take account of Family Responsibilities Convention 68

107........ Safety, health and welfare of employees.......................................... 68

108........ Commission to act quickly............................................................... 68

109........ Commission to avoid technicalities and facilitate fair conduct of proceedings        69

Subdivision B—Particular powers and procedures of the Commission         69

110........ Procedure of Commission................................................................. 69

111........ Particular powers of Commission.................................................... 69

112........ Reference of proceedings to Full Bench........................................... 72

113........ President may deal with certain proceedings.................................... 73

114........ Review on application by Minister.................................................. 74

115........ Compulsory conferences.................................................................. 75

116........ Power to override certain laws affecting public sector employment 75

117........ State authorities may be restrained from dealing with matter that is before the Commission 76

118........ Joint sessions of Commission.......................................................... 76

119........ Revocation and suspension of awards and orders............................ 77

Division 5—Appeals to Full Bench and references to Court                79

120........ Appeals to Full Bench relating to matters arising other than under the Registration and Accountability of Organisations Schedule..................................................................... 79

121........ Appeals to Full Bench relating to matters arising under the Registration and Accountability of Organisations Schedule etc..................................................................................................... 81

122........ References to Court by Commission on question of law................. 83

Division 6—Miscellaneous                                                                                      84

123........ Seals of Commission......................................................................... 84

124........ Rules of Commission........................................................................ 84

125........ President must provide certain information etc. to the Minister..... 85

126........ Annual report of Commission.......................................................... 85

Part 4—Australian Industrial Registry                                                                     86

Division 1—Interpretation                                                                                       86

127........ Definition of State industrial body.................................................... 86

Division 2—Establishment and functions of Australian Industrial Registry       87

128........ Australian Industrial Registry.......................................................... 87

129........ Functions of the Industrial Registry................................................. 87

130........ Registries.......................................................................................... 89

131........ Seals of the Registry......................................................................... 89

132........ Annual report of Industrial Registry................................................ 89

Division 3—Registrars                                                                                              90

133........ Industrial Registrar........................................................................... 90

134........ Tenure of office of Industrial Registrar............................................ 91

135........ Remuneration and allowances of Industrial Registrar....................... 91

136........ Outside employment of Industrial Registrar.................................... 92

137........ Disclosure of interests by Industrial Registrar................................. 92

138........ Leave of absence of Industrial Registrar........................................... 92

139........ Resignation by Industrial Registrar.................................................. 93

140........ Termination of appointment of Industrial Registrar........................ 93

141........ Deputy Industrial Registrars............................................................ 93

142........ Acting Industrial Registrar................................................................ 94

143........ Acting Deputy Industrial Registrars................................................ 95

144........ Oath or affirmation of office of Registrar......................................... 95

Division 4—References and appeals                                                                  97

145........ References by Registrar to Commission........................................... 97

146........ Removal of matters before Registrar................................................ 97

147........ Appeals from Registrar to Commission........................................... 97

148........ References to Court by Registrar on question of law....................... 98

Division 5—Staff                                                                                                          100

149........ Staff................................................................................................ 100

Part 5—The Employment Advocate                                                                         101

Division 1—Functions, powers etc. of the Employment Advocate  101

150........ The Employment Advocate........................................................... 101

151........ Functions of the Employment Advocate....................................... 101

152........ Minister’s directions to Employment Advocate............................ 102

153........ Staff................................................................................................ 103

154........ Delegation by Employment Advocate........................................... 103

155........ Annual report................................................................................. 103

Division 2—Appointment, conditions of appointment etc. of Employment Advocate   104

156........ Appointment of Employment Advocate....................................... 104

157........ Remuneration and allowances......................................................... 104

158........ Outside employment...................................................................... 104

159........ Recreation leave etc........................................................................ 104

160........ Resignation..................................................................................... 105

161........ Disclosure of interests.................................................................... 105

162........ Termination of appointment.......................................................... 105

163........ Acting appointment........................................................................ 106

164........ Other terms and conditions of appointment.................................. 107

Division 3—Miscellaneous                                                                                    108

165........ Identity of parties to AWAs not to be disclosed........................... 108

166........ Publication of AWAs etc. by Employment Advocate................... 109

Part 6—Workplace inspectors                                                                                     110

167........ Inspectors....................................................................................... 110

168........ Identity cards.................................................................................. 111

169........ Powers of inspectors...................................................................... 111

170........ Disclosure of information by inspectors........................................ 114

Part 7—The Australian Fair Pay and Conditions Standard                        116

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                          116

171........ Purpose of Part............................................................................... 116

172........ Operation of the Australian Fair Pay and Conditions Standard..... 116

173........ Australian Fair Pay and Conditions Standard cannot be excluded. 117

174........ Extraterritorial extension................................................................. 117

175........ Model dispute resolution process.................................................. 119

Division 2—Wages                                                                                                     120

Subdivision A—Preliminary                                                                                 120

176........ AFPC’s wage‑setting parameters etc............................................. 120

177........ AFPC to have regard to recommendations of Award Review Taskforce                120

178........ Definitions...................................................................................... 120

179........ Meaning of casual loading provisions........................................... 125

180........ Meaning of classification................................................................ 126

181........ Meaning of rate provisions............................................................ 126

Subdivision B—Guarantee of basic rates of pay                                                127

182........ The guarantee.................................................................................. 127

183........ An employee’s guaranteed hours for the purpose of section 182 128

184........ Modified operation of section 182 to continue effect of Supported Wage System for certain employees with a disability......................................................................................... 131

Subdivision C—Guarantee of casual loadings                                                   131

185........ The guarantee.................................................................................. 131

186........ Default casual loading percentage................................................... 133

187........ Adjustment of default casual loading percentage............................ 133

188........ Only one default casual loading percentage.................................... 133

Subdivision D—Guarantee of frequency of payment                                         134

189........ The guarantee.................................................................................. 134

Subdivision E—Guarantee against reductions below pre‑reform commencement rates   135

190........ The guarantee where only basic periodic rates of pay are involved 135

191........ The guarantee where basic piece rates of pay are involved............ 136

192........ The guarantee for casual loadings that apply to basic periodic rates of pay           137

Subdivision F—The guarantee against reductions below Federal Minimum Wages (FMWs)         138

193........ The guarantee.................................................................................. 138

Subdivision G—Federal Minimum Wages (FMWs)                                         139

194........ When is there an FMW for an employee?...................................... 139

195........ Standard FMW............................................................................... 140

196........ Adjustment of standard FMW....................................................... 140

197........ Determination of special FMWs.................................................... 141

198........ AFPC to state whether special FMW is a minimum standard for APCSs              141

199........ How a special FMW is to be expressed......................................... 141

200........ Adjustment of a special FMW....................................................... 142

Subdivision H—Australian Pay and Classification Scales (APCSs): general provisions 142

201........ What is an APCS?.......................................................................... 142

202........ What must or may be in an APCS?................................................ 142

203........ How pay rates and loadings are to be expressed in an APCS........ 144

204........ When is employment covered by an APCS?.................................. 144

205........ What if 2 or more APCSs would otherwise cover an employee?... 145

206........ AFPC to remove coverage rules described by reference to State or Territory boundaries      146

207........ Deeming APCS rates to at least equal FMW rates after first exercise of AFPC’s powers takes effect  146

Subdivision I—Australian Pay and Classification Scales: preserved APCSs 147

208........ Deriving preserved APCSs from pre‑reform wage instruments..... 147

209........ Notional adjustment: rates and loadings determined as for reform comparison day               148

210........ Notional adjustment: deducing basic periodic rate of pay and casual loading from composite rate        149

211........ Notional adjustment: how basic periodic rates and loadings are expressed             150

212........ Regulations dealing with notional adjustments............................... 151

213........ Certain regulations relating to preserved APCSs may take effect before registration             151

Subdivision J—Australian Pay and Classification Scales: new APCSs      152

214........ AFPC may determine new APCSs................................................. 152

Subdivision K—Australian Pay and Classification Scales: duration, adjustment and revocation of APCSs (preserved or new)                                                                                               152

215........ Duration of APCSs......................................................................... 152

216........ Adjustment of APCSs.................................................................... 152

217........ Revocation of APCSs..................................................................... 153

Subdivision L—Adjustments to incorporate 2005 Safety Net Review etc.   153

218........ Adjustments to incorporate 2005 Safety Net Review................... 153

219........ Regulations may require adjustments to incorporate other decisions 154

Subdivision M—Special provisions relating to APCSs for employees with disabilities and employees to whom training arrangements apply                                                                   154

220........ Employees with disabilities............................................................ 154

221........ Employees to whom training arrangements apply......................... 155

Subdivision N—Miscellaneous                                                                             156

222........ Anti‑discrimination considerations................................................. 156

Division 3—Maximum ordinary hours of work                                           158

Subdivision A—Preliminary                                                                                 158

223........ Employees to whom Division applies........................................... 158

224........ Definitions...................................................................................... 158

225........ Agreement between employees and employers............................. 158

Subdivision B—Guarantee of maximum ordinary hours of work                  159

226........ The guarantee.................................................................................. 159

Division 4—Annual leave                                                                                       162

Subdivision A—Preliminary                                                                                 162

227........ Employees to whom Division applies........................................... 162

228........ Definitions...................................................................................... 162

229........ Meaning of nominal hours worked................................................ 164

230........ Agreement between employees and employers............................. 166

231........ Regulations may prescribe different definitions for piece rate employees              166

Subdivision B—Guarantee of annual leave                                                         167

232........ The guarantee.................................................................................. 167

233........ Entitlement to cash out annual leave.............................................. 167

Subdivision C—Annual leave rules                                                                     168

234........ Annual leave—accrual, crediting and accumulation rules............... 168

235........ Annual leave—payment rules........................................................ 169

236........ Rules about taking annual leave...................................................... 169

237........ Annual leave and workers’ compensation...................................... 171

Subdivision D—Service: annual leave                                                                 172

238........ Annual leave—service.................................................................... 172

Division 5—Personal leave                                                                                   173

Subdivision A—Preliminary                                                                                 173

239........ Employees to whom Division applies........................................... 173

240........ Definitions...................................................................................... 173

241........ Meaning of nominal hours worked................................................ 175

242........ Agreement between employees and employers............................. 177

243........ Regulations may prescribe different definitions for piece rate employees              177

244........ Meaning of personal/carer’s leave................................................. 177

Subdivision B—Guarantee of paid personal/carer’s leave                              178

245........ The guarantee.................................................................................. 178

245A..... Entitlement to cash out an amount of paid personal/carer’s leave. 178

246........ Paid personal/carer’s leave—accrual, crediting and accumulation rules 180

247........ Paid personal/carer’s leave—payment rule.................................... 181

247A..... Entitlement to leave for all nominal hours in a day also extends to other hours on that day  181

248........ Paid personal/carer’s leave—workers’ compensation.................... 182

249........ Paid carer’s leave—annual limit...................................................... 182

Subdivision C—Guarantee of unpaid carer’s leave                                           183

250........ The guarantee.................................................................................. 183

251........ Unpaid carer’s leave—how taken................................................... 184

252........ Unpaid carer’s leave—paid personal leave exhausted.................... 184

Subdivision D—Notice and evidence requirements: personal/carer’s leave 184

253........ Sick leave—notice........................................................................... 184

254........ Sick leave—documentary evidence................................................. 185

255........ Carer’s leave—notice...................................................................... 186

256........ Carer’s leave—documentary evidence............................................ 186

Subdivision E—Guarantee of compassionate leave                                           187

257........ The guarantee.................................................................................. 187

258........ Taking compassionate leave........................................................... 188

259........ Compassionate leave—payment rule............................................. 188

Subdivision F—Personal leave: service                                                              188

260........ Paid personal leave—service.......................................................... 188

261........ Unpaid carer’s leave—service........................................................ 189

Division 6—Parental leave                                                                                    190

Subdivision A—Preliminary                                                                                 190

262........ Employees to whom Division applies........................................... 190

263........ Definitions...................................................................................... 190

264........ Meaning of eligible casual employee.............................................. 193

264A..... Regulations may prescribe different definition for piece rate employees                194

Subdivision B—Guarantee of maternity leave                                                   194

265........ The guarantee.................................................................................. 194

266........ Period of maternity leave................................................................ 195

267........ Period of special maternity leave.................................................... 196

268........ Transfer to a safe job...................................................................... 197

Subdivision C—Maternity leave: documentation                                               198

269........ Special maternity leave—documentation....................................... 198

270........ Ordinary maternity leave—medical certificate............................... 200

271........ Ordinary maternity leave—application.......................................... 201

Subdivision D—Maternity leave: from start to finish                                       202

272........ Maternity leave—start of leave...................................................... 202

273........ Requirement to take leave—for 6 weeks after birth....................... 202

274........ Requirement to take leave—within 6 weeks before birth............... 203

275........ End of pregnancy—effect on ordinary maternity leave entitlement 204

276........ Death of child—effect on ordinary maternity leave entitlement.... 204

277........ End of ordinary maternity leave if employee stops being primary care‑giver         205

278........ Variation of period of ordinary maternity leave............................. 205

279........ Employee’s right to terminate employment during maternity leave 206

280........ Return to work guarantee—maternity leave................................... 206

281........ Replacement employees—maternity leave.................................... 207

Subdivision E—Guarantee of paternity leave                                                     208

282........ The guarantee.................................................................................. 208

283........ Period of paternity leave................................................................ 209

284........ Short paternity leave—concurrent leave taken by spouse............. 210

285........ Long paternity leave—not to be concurrent with maternity leave taken by spouse               210

Subdivision F—Paternity leave: documentation                                                211

286........ Paternity leave—medical certificate............................................... 211

287........ Short paternity leave—application................................................ 212

288........ Long paternity leave—documentation........................................... 212

Subdivision G—Paternity leave: from start to finish                                        213

289........ Short paternity leave—when taken................................................ 213

290........ Long paternity leave—when taken................................................. 213

291........ End of pregnancy—effect on paternity leave................................. 214

292........ Death of child—effect on paternity leave...................................... 214

293........ End of long paternity leave if employee stops being primary care‑giver                215

294........ Variation of period of long paternity leave..................................... 215

295........ Employee’s right to terminate employment during paternity leave 216

296........ Return to work guarantee—paternity leave................................... 216

297........ Replacement employees—long paternity leave............................. 217

Subdivision H—Guarantee of adoption leave                                                      217

298........ Meaning of eligible child................................................................. 217

299........ The guarantee—pre‑adoption leave................................................ 218

300........ The guarantee—adoption leave...................................................... 219

301........ Period of adoption leave................................................................. 219

302........ Short adoption leave—concurrent leave taken by spouse.............. 220

303........ Long adoption leave—not to be concurrent with adoption leave taken by spouse 221

Subdivision I—Adoption leave: documentation                                                  221

304........ Adoption leave—notice.................................................................. 221

305........ Short adoption leave—application................................................. 223

306........ Long adoption leave—application.................................................. 223

307........ Adoption leave—additional documents......................................... 224

Subdivision J—Adoption leave: from start to finish                                         225

308........ Short adoption leave—when taken................................................. 225

309........ Long adoption leave—when taken................................................. 225

310........ Placement does not proceed—effect on adoption leave................. 226

311........ End of long adoption leave if employee stops being primary care‑giver 226

312........ Variation of period of long adoption leave..................................... 227

313........ Employee’s right to terminate employment during adoption leave 228

314........ Return to work guarantee—adoption leave.................................... 228

315........ Replacement employees—long adoption leave.............................. 229

Subdivision K—Parental leave: service                                                              229

316........ Parental leave and service............................................................... 229

Division 7—Civil remedies                                                                                   231

317........ Definition........................................................................................ 231

318........ Civil remedies................................................................................. 231

319........ Standing for civil remedies.............................................................. 231

320........ Court orders.................................................................................... 232

Part 8—Workplace agreements                                                                                 233

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                          233

321........ Definitions...................................................................................... 233

322........ Single business and single employer............................................... 233

323........ New business.................................................................................. 234

324........ Extended operation of Part in relation to proposed workplace agreements            234

325........ Extraterritorial extension................................................................. 235

Division 2—Types of workplace agreements                                              236

326........ Australian workplace agreements (AWAs).................................... 236

327........ Employee collective agreements..................................................... 236

328........ Union collective agreements........................................................... 236

329........ Union greenfields agreements......................................................... 236

330........ Employer greenfields agreements................................................... 237

331........ Multiple‑business agreements........................................................ 237

332........ Authorisation of multiple‑business agreements............................. 238

333........ When a workplace agreement is made............................................ 238

Division 3—Bargaining agents                                                                            240

334........ Bargaining agents—AWAs............................................................. 240

335........ Bargaining agents—employee collective agreements...................... 240

Division 4—Pre‑lodgment procedure                                                              242

336........ Eligible employee............................................................................ 242

337........ Providing employees with ready access and information statement 242

338........ Employees may waive 7‑day period.............................................. 244

339........ Prohibition on withdrawal from union collective agreement.......... 244

340........ Approval of a workplace agreement............................................... 245

341........ Employer must not lodge unapproved agreement.......................... 245

Division 5—Lodgment                                                                                             247

342........ Employer must lodge certain workplace agreements with the Employment Advocate          247

343........ Lodging multiple‑business agreement without authorisation......... 247

344........ Lodging of workplace agreement documents with the Employment Advocate       247

345........ Employment Advocate must issue receipt for lodgment of declaration for workplace agreement          248

346........ Employer must notify employees after lodging workplace agreement 248

346A..... Employer to provide copy of lodged AWA to employee.............. 249

Division 6—Operation of workplace agreements and persons bound 250

347........ When a workplace agreement is in operation................................. 250

348........ Relationship between overlapping workplace agreements............. 252

349........ Effect of awards while workplace agreement is in operation......... 252

350........ Workplace agreement displaces certain Commonwealth laws........ 252

351........ Persons bound by workplace agreements....................................... 253

Division 7—Content of workplace agreements                                          254

Subdivision A—Required content                                                                        254

352........ Nominal expiry date....................................................................... 254

353........ Workplace agreement to include dispute settlement procedures.... 255

354........ Protected award conditions............................................................ 255

355........ Calling up content of other documents........................................... 257

Subdivision B—Prohibited content                                                                      258

356........ Prohibited content.......................................................................... 258

357........ Employer must not lodge agreement containing prohibited content 258

358........ Prohibited content in workplace agreement is void........................ 259

359........ Initiating consideration of removal of prohibited content.............. 259

360........ Employment Advocate must give notice that he or she is considering variation     259

361........ Matters to be contained in notice................................................... 260

362........ Employer must ensure employees have ready access to notice..... 260

363........ Employment Advocate must remove prohibited content from agreement              261

364........ Employer must give employees notice of removal of prohibited content               261

365........ Seeking to include prohibited content in an agreement................... 261

366........ Misrepresentations about prohibited content................................ 262

Division 8—Varying a workplace agreement                                               263

Subdivision A—General                                                                                         263

367........ Varying a workplace agreement...................................................... 263

368........ When a variation to a workplace agreement is made...................... 263

Subdivision B—Pre‑lodgment procedure for variations                                  264

369........ Eligible employee in relation to variation of workplace agreement 264

370........ Providing employees with ready access and information statement 264

371........ Employees may waive 7‑day period.............................................. 266

372........ Prohibition on withdrawal from variation to union collective agreement or union greenfields agreement               267

373........ Approval of a variation to a workplace agreement......................... 267

374........ Employer must not lodge unapproved variation............................ 268

Subdivision C—Lodgment of variations                                                              268

375........ Employer must lodge variations with the Employment Advocate 268

376........ Lodging variation to multiple‑business agreement without authorisation               268

377........ Lodging of variation documents with the Employment Advocate. 268

378........ Employment Advocate must issue receipt for lodgment of declaration for variation             269

379........ Employer must notify employees after lodging variation.............. 270

Subdivision D—When a variation comes into operation                                  270

380........ When a variation comes into operation.......................................... 270

Division 9—Terminating a workplace agreement                                     271

Subdivision A—General                                                                                         271

381........ Types of termination...................................................................... 271

Subdivision B—Termination by approval (pre‑lodgment procedure)             271

382........ Terminating a workplace agreement by approval........................... 271

383........ Eligible employee in relation to termination of workplace agreement 272

384........ Providing employees with information statement.......................... 272

385........ Prohibition on withdrawal from termination of union collective agreement or union greenfields agreement           273

386........ Approval of a termination.............................................................. 273

387........ Employer must not lodge unapproved termination........................ 274

Subdivision C—Termination by approval (lodgment)                                       274

388........ Employer must lodge termination with the Employment Advocate 274

389........ Lodging termination documents with the Employment Advocate. 274

390........ Employment Advocate must issue receipt for lodgment of declaration for termination         275

391........ Employer must notify employees after lodging termination.......... 275

Subdivision D—Unilateral termination after nominal expiry date                 276

392........ Unilateral termination in a manner provided for in workplace agreement               276

393........ Unilateral termination with 90 days written notice........................ 277

394........ Undertakings about post‑termination conditions........................... 279

395........ Lodging unilateral termination documents with the Employment Advocate           280

396........ Employment Advocate must issue receipt for lodgment of declaration for notice of termination          281

397........ Employer must notify employees after lodging notice of termination 281

Subdivision E—Effect of termination                                                                   282

398........ When a termination takes effect..................................................... 282

399........ Consequence of termination of agreement—application of other industrial instruments        282

399A..... Preservation of redundancy provisions in certain circumstances... 283

Division 10—Prohibited conduct                                                                        284

400........ Coercion and duress........................................................................ 284

401........ False or misleading statements....................................................... 285

402........ Employers not to discriminate between unionist and non‑unionist 285

Division 11—Contravention of civil remedy provisions                        286

Subdivision A—General