Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

Primary content

A Bill for an Act to amend the law relating to migration, fisheries and the environment, and for related purposes
Administered by: Immigration and Citizenship
For authoritative information on the progress of bills and on amendments proposed to them, please see the House of Representatives Votes and Proceedings, and the Journals of the Senate as available on the Parliament House website.
Registered 14 Mar 2007
Introduced HR 01 Mar 2007

2004‑2005‑2006‑2007

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

 

 

 

Presented and read a first time

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Migration Legislation Amendment (Information and Other Measures) Bill 2007

 

No.      , 2007

 

(Immigration and Citizenship)

 

 

 

A Bill for an Act to amend the law relating to migration, fisheries and the environment, and for related purposes

  

  


Contents

1............ Short title............................................................................................ 1

2............ Commencement.................................................................................. 1

3............ Schedule(s).......................................................................................... 3

Schedule 1—Personal identifiers                                                                                   5

Part 1—Main amendments                                                                                            5

Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999                   5

Fisheries Management Act 1991                                                                              7

Migration Act 1958                                                                                                   10

Torres Strait Fisheries Act 1984                                                                             12

Part 2—Amendments contingent on the Australian Citizenship (Transitionals and Consequentials) Act 2007                                                                                                                              16

Division 1—Amendments that commence if the Australian Citizenship (Transitionals and Consequentials) Act 2007 has not yet commenced                                                                             16

Migration Act 1958                                                                                                   16

Division 2—Other amendments contingent on the Australian Citizenship (Transitionals and Consequentials) Act 2007                                                                                                               17

Australian Citizenship (Transitionals and Consequentials) Act 2007          17

Migration Act 1958                                                                                                   18

Schedule 2—Authorisations relating to movement records                          20

Migration Act 1958                                                                                                   20

Schedule 3—Other amendments                                                                                  21

Migration Act 1958                                                                                                   21

 


A Bill for an Act to amend the law relating to migration, fisheries and the environment, and for related purposes

The Parliament of Australia enacts:

1  Short title

                   This Act may be cited as the Migration Legislation Amendment (Information and Other Measures) Act 2007.

2  Commencement

             (1)  Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Commencement information

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Provision(s)

Commencement

Date/Details

1.  Sections 1 to 3 and anything in this Act not elsewhere covered by this table

The day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent.

 

2.  Schedule 1, Part 1

A single day to be fixed by Proclamation.

However, if any of the provision(s) do not commence within the period of 6 months beginning on the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent, they commence on the first day after the end of that period.

 

3. Schedule 1, Part 2, Division 1

At the same time as the provision(s) covered by table item 2.

However, Division 1 of Part 2 of Schedule 1 to this Act does not commence at all if Schedule 1 to the Australian Citizenship (Transitionals and Consequentials) Act 2007 commences at or before that time.

 

4.  Schedule 1, items 66 and 67

Immediately before the commencement of Schedules 1 and 3 to the Australian Citizenship (Transitionals and Consequentials) Act 2007.

However, items 66 and 67 of Schedule 1 to this Act do not commence at all if Schedules 1 and 3 to the Australian Citizenship (Transitionals and Consequentials) Act 2007 commence at or before the time that the provision(s) covered by table item 2 commence.

 

5.  Schedule 1, item 68

The later of:

(a) the time the provision(s) covered by table item 2 commence; and

(b) immediately after the commencement of Schedule 1 to the Australian Citizenship (Transitionals and Consequentials) Act 2007.

However, the provision(s) do not commence at all if the event mentioned in paragraph (b) does not occur.

 

6.  Schedule 1, item 69

At the same time as the provision(s) covered by table item 2.

However, item 69 of Schedule 1 to this Act does not commence at all if Schedule 1 to the Australian Citizenship (Transitionals and Consequentials) Act 2007 does not commence at or before that time.

 

7.  Schedule 1, item 70

Immediately after the commencement of Schedule 1 to the Australian Citizenship (Transitionals and Consequentials) Act 2007.

However, item 70 of Schedule 1 to this Act does not commence at all if Schedule 1 to the Australian Citizenship (Transitionals and Consequentials) Act 2007 commences at or before the time the provision(s) covered by table item 2 commence.

 

8.  Schedule 1, items 71 and 72

At the same time as the provision(s) covered by table item 2.

 

9.  Schedule 2

At the same time as the provision(s) covered by table item 2.

 

10.  Schedule 3

The day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent.

 

Note:          This table relates only to the provisions of this Act as originally passed by both Houses of the Parliament and assented to. It will not be expanded to deal with provisions inserted in this Act after assent.

             (2)  Column 3 of the table contains additional information that is not part of this Act. Information in this column may be added to or edited in any published version of this Act.

3  Schedule(s)

                   Each Act that is specified in a Schedule to this Act is amended or repealed as set out in the applicable items in the Schedule concerned, and any other item in a Schedule to this Act has effect according to its terms.


 

Schedule 1Personal identifiers

Part 1Main amendments

Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999

1  Paragraphs 26(3)(a) and (b) of Schedule 1

Omit “non‑citizen”, substitute “person”.

2  Clause 49 of Schedule 1 (definition of disclose)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

disclose, in relation to identifying information that is a personal identifier provided under clause 28, includes provide unauthorised access to the personal identifier.

Note:          Clause 52 deals with authorised access to identifying information.

3  Clause 49 of Schedule 1 (definition of identifying information)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

identifying information means the following:

                     (a)  any personal identifier provided under clause 28;

                     (b)  any meaningful identifier derived from any such personal identifier;

                     (c)  any record of a result of analysing any such personal identifier or any meaningful identifier derived from any such personal identifier;

                     (d)  any other information, derived from any such personal identifier, from any meaningful identifier derived from any such personal identifier or from any record of a kind referred to in paragraph (c), that could be used to discover a particular person’s identity or to get information about a particular person.

4  After subclause 51(1) of Schedule 1

Insert:

          (1A)  This clause does not apply if the person believes on reasonable grounds that the access is necessary to prevent or lessen a serious and imminent threat to the life or health of the person or of any other person.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subclause (1A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

5  Paragraph 52(2)(g) of Schedule 1

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (g)  the purposes of this Act;

6  After subclause 53(1) of Schedule 1

Insert:

          (1A)  This clause does not apply if the person believes on reasonable grounds that the disclosure is necessary to prevent or lessen a serious and imminent threat to the life or health of the person or of any other person.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subclause (1A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

7  Subparagraph 53(2)(a)(i) of Schedule 1

Omit “non‑citizen”, substitute “person”.

8  Subparagraph 53(2)(a)(ii) of Schedule 1

Omit “non‑citizens”, substitute “persons”.

9  Paragraph 53(2)(d) of Schedule 1

Omit “non‑citizen”, substitute “person”.

10  After paragraph 53(2)(d) of Schedule 1

Insert:

                    (da)  is to an agency of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory in order to verify that a person is an Australian citizen or holds a visa of a particular class; or

11  After paragraph 53(2)(e) of Schedule 1

Insert:

                    (ea)  is reasonably necessary for the enforcement of the criminal law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory; or

                    (eb)  is required by or under a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory; or

12  Paragraph 53(2)(f) of Schedule 1

Omit “non‑citizen”, substitute “person”.

13  Paragraph 53(2)(g) of Schedule 1

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (g)  is for the purpose of an investigation by the Privacy Commissioner or the Ombudsman relating to action taken by the Department; or

14  After paragraph 53(2)(h) of Schedule 1

Insert:

                    (ha)  is a disclosure of an audio or a video recording for the purposes of:

                              (i)  this Act or the regulations; and

                             (ii)  transcribing or translating the recording, or conducting language analysis or accent analysis of the recording; or

15  Paragraph 53(2)(i) of Schedule 1

Omit “non‑citizen”, substitute “person”.

Fisheries Management Act 1991

16  Paragraphs 26(3)(a) and (b) of Schedule 1A

Omit “non‑citizen”, substitute “person”.

17  Clause 49 of Schedule 1A (definition of disclose)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

disclose, in relation to identifying information that is a personal identifier provided under clause 28, includes provide unauthorised access to the personal identifier.

Note:          Clause 52 deals with authorised access to identifying information.

18  Clause 49 of Schedule 1A (definition of identifying information)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

identifying information means the following:

                     (a)  any personal identifier provided under clause 28;

                     (b)  any meaningful identifier derived from any such personal identifier;

                     (c)  any record of a result of analysing any such personal identifier or any meaningful identifier derived from any such personal identifier;

                     (d)  any other information, derived from any such personal identifier, from any meaningful identifier derived from any such personal identifier or from any record of a kind referred to in paragraph (c), that could be used to discover a particular person’s identity or to get information about a particular person.

19  After subclause 51(1) of Schedule 1A

Insert:

          (1A)  This clause does not apply if the person believes on reasonable grounds that the access is necessary to prevent or lessen a serious and imminent threat to the life or health of the person or of any other person.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subclause (1A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

20  Paragraph 52(2)(g) of Schedule 1A

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (g)  the purposes of this Act;

21  After subclause 53(1) of Schedule 1A

Insert:

          (1A)  This clause does not apply if the person believes on reasonable grounds that the disclosure is necessary to prevent or lessen a serious and imminent threat to the life or health of the person or of any other person.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subclause (1A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

22  Subparagraph 53(2)(a)(i) of Schedule 1A

Omit “non‑citizen”, substitute “person”.

23  Subparagraph 53(2)(a)(ii) of Schedule 1A

Omit “non‑citizens”, substitute “persons”.

24  Paragraph 53(2)(d) of Schedule 1A

Omit “non‑citizen”, substitute “person”.

25  After paragraph 53(2)(d) of Schedule 1A

Insert:

                    (da)  is to an agency of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory in order to verify that a person is an Australian citizen or holds a visa of a particular class; or

26  After paragraph 53(2)(e) of Schedule 1A

Insert:

                    (ea)  is reasonably necessary for the enforcement of the criminal law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory; or

                    (eb)  is required by or under a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory; or

27  Paragraph 53(2)(f) of Schedule 1A

Omit “non‑citizen”, substitute “person”.

28  Paragraph 53(2)(g) of Schedule 1A

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (g)  is for the purpose of an investigation by the Privacy Commissioner or the Ombudsman relating to action taken by the Department; or

29  After paragraph 53(2)(h) of Schedule 1A

Insert:

                    (ha)  is a disclosure of an audio or a video recording for the purposes of:

                              (i)  this Act or the regulations; and

                             (ii)  transcribing or translating the recording, or conducting language analysis or accent analysis of the recording; or

30  Paragraph 53(2)(i) of Schedule 1A

Omit “non‑citizen”, substitute “person”.

Migration Act 1958

31  Paragraphs 5A(3)(a) and (b)

Omit “non‑citizen”, substitute “person”.

32  Section 5B

Omit “non‑citizen”, substitute “person”.

33  Section 336A (definition of disclose)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

disclose, in relation to identifying information that is a personal identifier provided under section 40, 46, 166, 170, 175, 188, 192 or 261AA, includes provide unauthorised access to the personal identifier.

Note:          Section 336D deals with authorised access to identifying information.

34  Section 336A (definition of identifying information)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

identifying information means the following:

                     (a)  any personal identifier provided under section 40, 46, 166, 170, 175, 188, 192 or 261AA;

                     (b)  any meaningful identifier derived from any such personal identifier;

                     (c)  any record of a result of analysing any such personal identifier or any meaningful identifier derived from any such personal identifier;

                     (d)  any other information, derived from any such personal identifier, from any meaningful identifier derived from any such personal identifier or from any record of a kind referred to in paragraph (c), that could be used to discover a particular person’s identity or to get information about a particular person.

35  After subsection 336C(1)

Insert:

          (1A)  This section does not apply if the person believes on reasonable grounds that the access is necessary to prevent or lessen a serious and imminent threat to the life or health of the person or of any other person.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (1A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

36  After subsection 336E(1)

Insert:

          (1A)  This section does not apply if the person believes on reasonable grounds that the disclosure is necessary to prevent or lessen a serious and imminent threat to the life or health of the person or of any other person.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (1A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

37  Subparagraph 336E(2)(a)(i)

Omit “non‑citizen”, substitute “person”.

38  Subparagraph 336E(2)(a)(ii)

Omit “non‑citizens”, substitute “persons”.

39  Paragraph 336E(2)(d)

Omit “non‑citizen”, substitute “person”.

40  After paragraph 336E(2)(d)

Insert:

                    (da)  is to an agency of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory in order to verify that a person is an Australian citizen or holds a visa of a particular class; or

41  After paragraph 336E(2)(e)

Insert:

                    (ea)  is reasonably necessary for the enforcement of the criminal law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory; or

                    (eb)  is required by or under a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory; or

42  Paragraph 336E(2)(f)

Omit “non‑citizen”, substitute “person”.

43  Paragraph 336E(2)(g)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (g)  is for the purpose of an investigation by the Privacy Commissioner or the Ombudsman relating to action taken by the Department; or

                    (ga)  is for the purpose of facilitating or expediting the exercise of powers, or performance of functions, of the Migration Agents Registration Authority; or

44  Paragraph 336E(2)(i)

Omit “non‑citizen”, substitute “person”.

Torres Strait Fisheries Act 1984

45  Paragraphs 26(3)(a) and (b) of Schedule 2

Omit “non‑citizen”, substitute “person”.

46  Clause 49 of Schedule 2 (definition of disclose)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

disclose, in relation to identifying information that is a personal identifier provided under clause 28, includes provide unauthorised access to the personal identifier.

Note:          Clause 52 deals with authorised access to identifying information.

47  Clause 49 of Schedule 2 (definition of identifying information)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

identifying information means the following:

                     (a)  any personal identifier provided under clause 28;

                     (b)  any meaningful identifier derived from any such personal identifier;

                     (c)  any record of a result of analysing any such personal identifier or any meaningful identifier derived from any such personal identifier;

                     (d)  any other information, derived from any such personal identifier, from any meaningful identifier derived from any such personal identifier or from any record of a kind referred to in paragraph (c), that could be used to discover a particular person’s identity or to get information about a particular person.

48  After subclause 51(1) of Schedule 2

Insert:

          (1A)  This clause does not apply if the person believes on reasonable grounds that the access is necessary to prevent or lessen a serious and imminent threat to the life or health of the person or of any other person.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subclause (1A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

49  Paragraph 52(2)(g) of Schedule 2

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (g)  the purposes of this Act;

50  After subclause 53(1) of Schedule 2

Insert:

          (1A)  This clause does not apply if the person believes on reasonable grounds that the disclosure is necessary to prevent or lessen a serious and imminent threat to the life or health of the person or of any other person.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subclause (1A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

51  Subparagraph 53(2)(a)(i) of Schedule 2

Omit “non‑citizen”, substitute “person”.

52  Subparagraph 53(2)(a)(ii) of Schedule 2

Omit “non‑citizens”, substitute “persons”.

53  Paragraph 53(2)(d) of Schedule 2

Omit “non‑citizen”, substitute “person”.

54  After paragraph 53(2)(d) of Schedule 2

Insert:

                    (da)  is to an agency of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory in order to verify that a person is an Australian citizen or holds a visa of a particular class; or

55  After paragraph 53(2)(e) of Schedule 2

Insert:

                    (ea)  is reasonably necessary for the enforcement of the criminal law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory; or

                    (eb)  is required by or under a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory; or

56  Paragraph 53(2)(f) of Schedule 2

Omit “non‑citizen”, substitute “person”.

57  Paragraph 53(2)(g) of Schedule 2

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (g)  is for the purpose of an investigation by the Privacy Commissioner or the Ombudsman relating to action taken by the Department; or

58  After paragraph 53(2)(h) of Schedule 2

Insert:

                    (ha)  is a disclosure of an audio or a video recording for the purposes of:

                              (i)  this Act or the regulations; and

                             (ii)  transcribing or translating the recording, or conducting language analysis or accent analysis of the recording; or

59  Paragraph 53(2)(i) of Schedule 2

Omit “non‑citizen”, substitute “person”.

60  Transitional—Authorisations

(1)        This item applies to an authorisation that:

                     (a)  is in force under any of the following provisions immediately before this item commences:

                              (i)  clause 52 of Schedule 1 to the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999;

                             (ii)  clause 52 of Schedule 1A to the Fisheries Management Act 1991;

                            (iii)  clause 52 of Schedule 2 to the Torres Strait Fisheries Act 1984; and

                     (b)  specifies that access to identifying information is authorised for the purpose of making decisions under that Act.

(2)        The authorisation has effect on and after that commencement as if it were an authorisation in force under that clause that specified that access to identifying information is authorised for the purposes of that Act.

61  Application

The amendments made by items 1 to 59 of this Schedule apply to access to, or disclosure of, identifying information that occurs after those items commence.


 

Part 2Amendments contingent on the Australian Citizenship (Transitionals and Consequentials) Act 2007

Division 1—Amendments that commence if the Australian Citizenship (Transitionals and Consequentials) Act 2007 has not yet commenced

Migration Act 1958

62  Paragraph 336D(2)(g)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (g)  the purposes of this Act or the regulations or of the Australian Citizenship Act 1948 or the regulations made under that Act;

Note:       This item does not commence at all if Schedule 1 to the Australian Citizenship (Transitionals and Consequentials) Act 2007 commences before Part 1 of this Schedule commences.

63  After paragraph 336E(2)(h)

Insert:

                    (ha)  is a disclosure of an audio or a video recording for the purposes of:

                              (i)  this Act or the regulations or the Australian Citizenship Act 1948 or the regulations made under that Act; and

                             (ii)  transcribing or translating the recording, or conducting language analysis or accent analysis of the recording; or

Note:       This item does not commence at all if Schedule 1 to the Australian Citizenship (Transitionals and Consequentials) Act 2007 commences before Part 1 of this Schedule commences.

64  Transitional—Authorisations

(1)        This item applies to an authorisation that:

                     (a)  is in force under section 336D of the Migration Act 1958 immediately before this item commences; and

                     (b)  specifies that access to identifying information is authorised for the purpose of making decisions under:

                              (i)  the Migration Act 1958 or the regulations made under that Act; or

                             (ii)  the Australian Citizenship Act 1948 or the regulations made under that Act.

(2)        The authorisation has effect on and after that commencement as if it were an authorisation in force under that section that specified that access to identifying information is authorised for the purposes of that Act or the regulations made under that Act.

Note:       This item does not commence at all if Schedule 1 to the Australian Citizenship (Transitionals and Consequentials) Act 2007 commences before Part 1 of this Schedule commences.

65  Application

The amendments made by items 62 and 63 of this Schedule apply to access to, or disclosure of, identifying information that occurs after those items commence.

Note:       This item does not commence at all if Schedule 1 to the Australian Citizenship (Transitionals and Consequentials) Act 2007 commences before Part 1 of this Schedule commences.

Division 2—Other amendments contingent on the Australian Citizenship (Transitionals and Consequentials) Act 2007

Australian Citizenship (Transitionals and Consequentials) Act 2007

66  Item 39 of Schedule 1

Repeal the item.

Note:       This item does not commence at all if Schedules 1 and 3 to the Australian Citizenship (Transitionals and Consequentials) Act 2007 commence before Part 1 of this Schedule commences.

67  Item 22 of Schedule 3

Repeal the item.

Note:       This item does not commence at all if Schedules 1 and 3 to the Australian Citizenship (Transitionals and Consequentials) Act 2007 commence before Part 1 of this Schedule commences.

Migration Act 1958

68  Paragraph 336D(2)(g)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (g)  the purposes of this Act or the regulations or of the Australian Citizenship Act 2007 or the regulations made under that Act;

69  After paragraph 336E(2)(h)

Insert:

                    (ha)  is a disclosure of an audio or a video recording for the purposes of:

                              (i)  this Act or the regulations or the Australian Citizenship Act 2007 or the regulations made under that Act; and

                             (ii)  transcribing or translating the recording, or conducting language analysis or accent analysis of the recording; or

Note:       This item does not commence at all if Schedule 1 to the Australian Citizenship (Transitionals and Consequentials) Act 2007 does not commence before Part 1 of this Schedule commences.

70  Subparagraph 336E(2)(ha)(i)

Repeal the subparagraph, substitute:

                              (i)  this Act or the regulations or the Australian Citizenship Act 2007 or the regulations made under that Act; and

Note:       This item does not commence at all if Schedule 1 to the Australian Citizenship (Transitionals and Consequentials) Act 2007 commences before Part 1 of this Schedule commences.

71  Transitional—Authorisations

(1)        This item applies to an authorisation that:

                     (a)  is in force under section 336D of the Migration Act 1958 immediately before this item commences; and

                     (b)  specifies that access to identifying information is authorised for the purpose of making decisions under:

                              (i)  the Migration Act 1958 or the regulations made under that Act; or

                             (ii)  the Australian Citizenship Act 1948 or the regulations made under that Act; or

                            (iii)  the Australian Citizenship Act 2007 or the regulations made under that Act.

(2)        The authorisation has effect on and after that commencement as if it were an authorisation in force under that section that specified that access to identifying information is authorised for the purposes of that Act or the regulations made under that Act.

72  Application

The amendment made by item 68, 69 or 70 of this Schedule applies to access to, or disclosure of, identifying information that occurs after that item commences.


 

Schedule 2Authorisations relating to movement records

  

Migration Act 1958

1  After paragraph 488(2)(a)

Insert:

                    (aa)  authorise an officer, for the purpose of making a movement record available to, and for the use of:

                              (i)  the person to whom the record relates; or

                             (ii)  the duly appointed agent of that person;

                            to perform one or more of those actions; or

2  Application provision

The amendment of the Migration Act 1958 made by this Schedule applies in relation to any request made to the Department for access to a movement record:

                     (a)  by the person to whom the record relates; or

                     (b)  by the duly appointed agent of that person;

on or after the commencement of this Schedule.


 

Schedule 3Other amendments

  

Migration Act 1958

1  Subsection 5(1) (paragraph (a) of the definition of fisheries detention offence)

Omit “100A, 101, 101A,”, substitute “100A, 100B, 101, 101A, 101AA,”.

2  Subsection 5(1) (paragraph (b) of the definition of fisheries detention offence)

Omit “45, 48, 49 or 51”, substitute “45, 46A, 46B, 46C, 46D, 48, 49, 49A, 51 or 51A”.