Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

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SR 1992 No. 1 Regulations as made
Principal Regulations; Repeals the former Political Broadcasts (Australian Capital Territory) Regulations.
Gazetted 03 Jan 1992
Date of repeal 26 May 1992
Repealed by Disallowed by the Senate at the expiration of 26 May 1992.

1992 No. 1*1* POLITICAL BROADCASTS (AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY) REGULATIONS
These Regulations were deemed to be disallowed by the Senate at the expiration of 26 May 1992

*1*Notified in the Commonwealth of Australia Gazette 3 January 1992.

1992 No. 1 POLITICAL BROADCASTS (AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY) REGULATIONS -
REG 1
Citation

1. These Regulations may be cited as the Political Broadcasts (Australian Capital Territory) Regulations.

1992 No. 1 POLITICAL BROADCASTS (AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY) REGULATIONS -
REG 2
Commencement

2. These Regulations commence on the commencement of Part 2 of the Political Broadcasts and Political Disclosures Act 1991.

1992 No. 1 POLITICAL BROADCASTS (AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY) REGULATIONS -
REG 3
Interpretation

3. In these Regulations, unless the contrary intention appears:
"1989 election" means the election held on 4 March 1989;
"1992 election" means the first election held in 1992;
"Act" means the Broadcasting Act 1942;
"Assembly" means the Legislative Assembly for the Australian Capital Territory;
"campaign period" means the period beginning when nominations for the 1992 election close and ending at midnight on the Wednesday immediately before the election is held;
"candidate" means an individual who is a candidate for the 1992 election;
"election" means an election to the Assembly, but does not include a by-election;
"eligible broadcaster":
(a) means a broadcaster other than the Service; and
(b) includes each of the Corporation's television stations and metropolitan and regional AM radio networks in Canberra;
"independent candidate" means a candidate who does not represent a political party;
"new party", in relation to an election, means a political party that was not represented in the Assembly immediately before the end of its last sittings held before the election;
"pre-election period", in relation to an election, has the same meaning as in section 3 of the Australian Capital Territory (Electoral) Act 1988;
"represented party", in relation to an election, means a political party that was represented by 1 or more members in the Assembly immediately before the end of its last sittings held before the 1992 election;
"total voting share" means the sum of the voting shares of all represented parties that are contesting the 1992 election with at least 6 candidates;
"voting share", in relation to a represented party, means the percentage of formal first preference votes cast at the 1989 election:
(a) for the party; and
(b) granted to, or taken from, the party under regulation 6.

1992 No. 1 POLITICAL BROADCASTS (AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY) REGULATIONS -
REG 4
What is the prescribed period in relation to the election?

4. For the purposes of subsection 95H (1) of the Act, the prescribed period in relation to the 1992 election is the period beginning 1 week before nominations for the election close and ending at midnight on the Wednesday immediately before the election is held.

1992 No. 1 POLITICAL BROADCASTS (AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY) REGULATIONS -
REG 5
What is the minimum number of candidates that must contest the
election for a represented party?

5. For the purposes of paragraph 95H (1) (b) of the Act, the prescribed number of candidates is 6.

(NOTE: The effect of subsection 95H (1) of the Act is that the Tribunal must grant a period of free time to a represented party that is contesting the 1992 election with at least the prescribed number of candidates.)

1992 No. 1 POLITICAL BROADCASTS (AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY) REGULATIONS -
REG 6
How is free time granted to a represented party?

6. For the purposes of subsection 95H (2) of the Act, the amount of free time to which a represented party is entitled is calculated in the following manner:

STEP 1 Identify each Member of the Assembly who:
(a) was a member of a represented party (the "current party") in the Assembly immediately before the end of its last sittings held before the 1992 election; and
(b) was elected at the 1989 election as:
(i) an independent candidate; or
(ii) a candidate for a political party other than his or her current party.

He or she is a "transferring Member".
STEP 2 If a transferring Member was an independent candidate at the 1989 election:
(a) identify the number of formal first preference votes that he or she received at the 1989 election; and
(b) give the votes to his or her current party for the purpose of calculating its voting share.

This step applies whether or not the Member is contesting the 1992 election.
STEP 3 If a transferring Member was a candidate for a political party at the 1989 election:
(a) divide the number of formal first preference votes that the party received at the 1989 election by the number of candidates elected to the Assembly; and
(b) give the number of votes obtained under paragraph (a) to the current party for the purpose of calculating its voting share.
This step applies whether or not the Member is contesting the 1992 election.
For the purpose of calculating the voting share of the party that the transferring Member represented at the 1989 election, take the number of votes obtained under paragraph (a) from the number of formal first preference votes that it received at the 1989 election.
STEP 4 After votes have been given in relation to all transferring Members, calculate an amount of free time for each party using the formula:
total time x 0.9 x party's voting share
total voting share.

STEP 5 Reduce the amount obtained in Step 4 to the nearest whole number that is evenly divisible by the number of broadcasters that are required to make broadcasts in the campaign period.
This is the amount of free time to be granted to the party.

1992 No. 1 POLITICAL BROADCASTS (AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY) REGULATIONS -
REG 7
What is the total free time available in respect of the election?

7. For the purposes of subsection 95H (4) of the Act, the total freetime available for the 1992 election is a number of minutes calculated using the formula:

number of eligible broadcasters x 42 .
(NOTE: The total time is the sum of an amount of 2 minutes of free time:
(a) for each eligible broadcaster; and
(b) for each day on which the eligible broadcasters are required to use units of free time.)

1992 No. 1 POLITICAL BROADCASTS (AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY) REGULATIONS -
REG 8
How to make an application for a grant of free time

8. For the purposes of subsection 95K (2) of the Act, an application by the chief executive officer of a party to which regulation 6 does not apply, or by an independent candidate, for a grant of free time must be received by the Tribunal in the period that commences when the pre-election period for the 1992 election commences and ends at the end of the day on which nominations close.

1992 No. 1 POLITICAL BROADCASTS (AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY) REGULATIONS -
REG 9
How is free time granted to a party to which regulation 6 does
not apply or to an independent candidate?

9. (1) For the purposes of section 95M of the Act, the order in which:
(a) political parties to which regulation 6 does not apply; and
(b) independent candidates;
will be granted free time is as follows:

FIRST A represented party that is contesting the election with fewer than 6 candidates, or an independent candidate who was a Member of the Assembly immediately before the end of its last sittings held before the 1992 election.
If this circumstance applies to more than 1 party or candidate, the first party or candidate to be granted free time is the one that received the greater or greatest percentage of formal first preference votes in the 1989 election, followed by the other parties and candidates in descending order of percentage of formal first preference votes.
If more than 1 party or candidate has the same percentage of formal first preference votes, the order in which they will be granted free time will be determined by a ballot conducted by the Tribunal.
SECOND A new party that:
(a) contested the 1989 election; and
(b) received at least 4% of the formal first preference votes cast at that election.
If this circumstance applies to more than 1 party, the first party to be granted free time is the one that received the greater or greatest percentage of formal first preference votes in the 1989 election, followed by the other parties in descending order of percentage of formal first preference votes.
If more than 1 party has the same percentage of formal first preference votes, the order in which they will be granted free time will be determined by a ballot conducted by the Tribunal.
THIRD An independent candidate who:
(a) was not a member of the Assembly immediately before the end of its last sittings held before the 1992 election; and
(b) contested the 1989 election; and
(c) received at least 4% of the formal first preference votes cast at that election.

If this circumstance applies to more than 1 candidate, the first candidate to be granted free time will be determined by a ballot conducted by the Tribunal.
FOURTH A new party that:
(a) contested the 1989 election; and
(b) received less than 4% of the formal first preference votes cast at that election.
If this circumstance applies to more than 1 party, the first party to be granted free time is the one that received the greater or greatest percentage of formal first preference votes in the 1989 election, followed by the other parties in descending order of percentage of formal first preference votes.
If more than 1 party has the same percentage of formal first preference votes, the order in which they will be granted free time will be determined by a ballot conducted by the Tribunal.
FIFTH A new party that did not contest the 1989 election.
If this circumstance applies to more than 1 party, the first party to be granted free time is the one with more or the most number of candidates, followed by the other candidates in descending order of number of candidates.
If more than 1 party has the same number of candidates, the order in which they will be granted free time will be determined by a ballot conducted by the Tribunal. SIXTH Other independent candidates.
If this includes more than 1 candidate, the order in which they will be granted free time will be determined by a ballot conducted by the Tribunal.

(2) 10 minutes of free time will be granted to each political party or independent candidate:
(a) in the order set out in subregulation (1); and
(b) until the time available to be granted is less than 10 minutes.

1992 No. 1 POLITICAL BROADCASTS (AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY) REGULATIONS -
REG 10
Notification of a grant of free time

10. For the purposes of subsection 95n (1) of the Act, when the Tribunal decides to grant free time to an applicant for free time, or refuses to grant free time to the applicant, the Tribunal must send a notice of its decision to the applicant at the address given in the application.

1992 No. 1 POLITICAL BROADCASTS (AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY) REGULATIONS -
REG 11
How will the Tribunal create and allocate units of free time?

11. (1) For the purposes of subsection 95p (1) of the Act, the number of units of free time in the amount of free time granted to a political party or an independent candidate is the whole number calculated using the formula:

number of minutes in the amount granted
2
(2) For the purposes of subsection 95P (2) of the Act, a part of a unit of free time is to be distributed by the Tribunal in the following manner:

STEP 1 Add together all parts of units calculated in relation to candidates and new parties. This is "available time".
STEP 2 Identify political parties and independent candidates in the order in which they were identified under regulation 9.
STEP 3 Calculate the amount of time that must be added to the time already granted to the first political party or independent candidate in that order to increase the party's or candidates's number of units to the next whole number.
STEP 4 If the available time is equal to or more than the amount calculated in Step 3, distribute the time required by the political party or independent candidate and repeat Step 3 for the next political party or independent candidate in the order.
If the available time is less than the amount calculated in Step 3, repeat Step 3 for the next political party or independent candidate in the order.
STEP 5 Repeat Steps 3 and 4 until no time already granted can be increased to the next whole number.

(3) For the purposes of subsection 95P (3) of the Act, the Tribunal must allocate units of free time by:
(a) dividing the number of units by the number of eligible broadcasters; and
(b) discounting parts of units that are obtained under paragraph (a); and
(c) allocating an equal number of units to each eligible broadcaster until the number of units left is less than the number of eligible broadcasters; and
(d) discounting units that are left over after the allocation under paragraph (c).

1992 No. 1 POLITICAL BROADCASTS (AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY) REGULATIONS -
REG 12
How must a broadcaster use a unit of free time?

12. (1) For the purposes of subsection 95Q (2) of the Act, a broadcaster must use a unit of free time:
(a) in the campaign period; and
(b) in the case of a unit that is to be used for a television broadcast:
(i) in the period commencing at 6 p.m. and ending at
8.32 p.m. on a day other than a Sunday; and
(ii) unless the Tribunal directs the broadcaster not to
do so-at the same time that another broadcaster uses a unit in relation to the same political party or independent candidate; and
(c) in the case of a unit that is to be used for a radio broadcast-in the period commencing at 8 a.m. and ending at 10 a.m. on a day other than a Sunday; and
(d) as far as practicable, to transmit election broadcasts made by each political party and independent candidate to approximately the same number of viewers or listeners; and
(e) in a manner that ensures that election broadcasts commence at least 1 hour apart.

(2) The broadcaster must not use a unit of free time:
(a) on a Sunday; or
(b) outside the period applicable to the broadcaster under subregulation (1); or
(c) to transmit an election broadcast of a political party or an independent candidate if:
(i) the broadcaster has already made a unit of free
time available to a political party or a candidate in the campaign period; and
(ii) another broadcaster has not made a unit available
to the party or candidate; or
(d) to allow a political party or an independent candidate to make more than 1 election broadcast on a day.

(3) In addition to subregulations (1) and (2), if the number of units allocated to a broadcaster is more than the number of days in the campaign period, excluding Sundays, multiplied by 2, the broadcaster must:
(a) calculate the difference between the numbers; and
(b) identify a period of consecutive days (not including Sundays):
(i) that ends at the end of the Wednesday immediately
before the day on which the next election is held; and
(ii) that is equal in number to the number calculated in
paragraph (a); and
(c) use 1 unit, in addition to the units that the broadcaster is required to use under paragraph 95Q (4) (b) of the Act, on each day in that period.

1992 No. 1 POLITICAL BROADCASTS (AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY) REGULATIONS -
REG 13
How many televised election broadcasts are required?

13. For the purposes of paragraph 95Q (4) (b) of the Act, the minimum number of election broadcasts that a broadcaster must make by television on each day on which the broadcaster is required to use units of free time is 1.

1992 No. 1 POLITICAL BROADCASTS (AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY) REGULATIONS -
REG 14
When is a broadcaster not required to make a unit of free time available?

14. (1) For the purposes of paragraph 95Q (6) (b) of the Act, a broadcaster is not required to make a unit of free time available to a political party unless the chief executive officer of the party:
(a) gives the broadcaster a copy of the broadcast no later than:
(i) if the broadcast is to be made on a weekend-noon on
the Friday immediately before the day of the broadcast; or
(ii) in any other case-noon on the day immediately
before the day on which the broadcast is to be made; and
(b) on or before the time referred to in paragraph (a), enters into a deed on behalf of the party indemnifying the broadcaster in relation to a civil action against the broadcaster in relation to the broadcast.

(2) For the purposes of paragraph 95Q (6) (b) of the Act, a broadcaster is not required to make a unit of free time available to a candidate unless the candidate:
(a) gives the broadcaster a copy of the broadcast no later than:

(i) if the broadcast is to be made on a weekend-noon on
the Friday immediately before the weekend; or
(ii) in any other case-noon on the day immediately
before the day on which the broadcast is to be made; and
(b) on or before the time referred to in paragraph (a), enters into a deed under which the candidate indemnifies the broadcaster in relation to a civil action against the broadcaster in relation to the broadcast.

(NOTE: The effect of paragraphs (1) (a) and (2) (a) is that all broadcasts must be pre-recorded.)

1992 No. 1 POLITICAL BROADCASTS (AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY) REGULATIONS -
REG 15
How much additional broadcasting time is a licensee entitled to?

15. For the purposes of subsection 95Q (7) of the Act, if a licensee is subject to a restriction imposed by the Tribunal in relation to the amount of time in which the licensee may broadcast advertisements, the amount of additional broadcasting time to which the licensee is entitled for the purpose of broadcasting advertisements is equal to the amount of time required by the licensee to make election broadcasts.

1992 No. 1 POLITICAL BROADCASTS (AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY) REGULATIONS -
REG 16
Repeal

16. Statutory Rules 1991 No. 483 are repealed.